Cerebral Ventriculitis: Inflammation of CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Encephalitis: Inflammation of the BRAIN due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions. Viral infections (see ENCEPHALITIS, VIRAL) are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Ventriculostomy: Surgical creation of an opening in a cerebral ventricle.Spirurida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include ventral or caudoventral papillae and an esophagus divided into anterior muscular and posterior glandular parts.Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts: Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.Cerebral Ventriculography: Radiography of the ventricular system of the brain after injection of air or other contrast medium directly into the cerebral ventricles. It is used also for x-ray computed tomography of the cerebral ventricles.Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt: Surgical creation of a communication between a cerebral ventricle and the peritoneum by means of a plastic tube to permit drainage of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Meningitis: Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)Meningitis, Fungal: Meningitis caused by fungal agents which may occur as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS or arise in immunocompetent hosts.Brain Abscess: A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)Meningitis, Bacterial: Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.Cerebrospinal Fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Tuberculosis, Meningeal: A form of bacterial meningitis caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS or rarely MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The organism seeds the meninges and forms microtuberculomas which subsequently rupture. The clinical course tends to be subacute, with progressions occurring over a period of several days or longer. Headache and meningeal irritation may be followed by SEIZURES, cranial neuropathies, focal neurologic deficits, somnolence, and eventually COMA. The illness may occur in immunocompetent individuals or as an OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION in the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and other immunodeficiency syndromes. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-9)Intracranial Aneurysm: Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Aneurysm, Ruptured: The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.Neurosurgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.Therapeutic Occlusion: Methods used to temporarily or permanently block the flow of BODY FLUIDS through various ducts and tubules throughout the body, including BLOOD VESSELS and LYMPHATIC VESSELS such as by THERAPEUTIC EMBOLIZATION or LIGATION.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Meningitis, Escherichia coli: A form of gram-negative meningitis that tends to occur in neonates, in association with anatomical abnormalities (which feature communication between the meninges and cutaneous structures) or as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS in association with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. In premature neonates the clinical presentation may be limited to ANOREXIA; VOMITING; lethargy; or respiratory distress. Full-term infants may have as additional features FEVER; SEIZURES; and bulging of the anterior fontanelle. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp398-400)Meningitis, Viral: Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)Meningitis, Pneumococcal: An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)Meningitis, Aseptic: A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)Vasospasm, Intracranial: Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).Cerebral Revascularization: Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Temporal Arteries: Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.Neurosurgery: A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksEmbryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Plumbaginaceae: A plant family of the order Plumbaginales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida of shrubs and herbs. Some members contain ANTHOCYANINS and naphthaquinones.Mortuary Practice: Activities associated with the disposition of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.Book SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Neurocysticercosis: Infection of the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal structures with the larval forms of the genus TAENIA (primarily T. solium in humans). Lesions formed by the organism are referred to as cysticerci. The infection may be subacute or chronic, and the severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the host immune response and the location and number of lesions. SEIZURES represent the most common clinical manifestation although focal neurologic deficits may occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp46-50)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Occipital Lobe: Posterior portion of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES responsible for processing visual sensory information. It is located posterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus and extends to the preoccipital notch.Creatine: An amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. In muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. Creatine is excreted as CREATININE in the urine.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Dry Eye Syndromes: Corneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production, predominantly in menopausal and post-menopausal women. Filamentary keratitis or erosion of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium may be caused by these disorders. Sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eye and burning of the eyes may occur.Pleuropneumonia: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.Haemophilus influenzae: A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.Clinical Coding: Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)

Successful treatment of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventriculitis with intrathecal and intravenous colistin. (1/10)

Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) nosocomial infections, especially those due to multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains, are increasingly detected. We report a case of a 42-year-old male patient affected by low-grade ependymoma who developed AB-MDR post-neurosurgical ventriculitis. Initially, because of in vitro susceptibility, we used a combination of intravenous colistin and tigecycline. This treatment resulted in the improvement of the patient's initial condition. However, soon after, the infection relapsed; tigecycline was stopped and treatment with intrathecal colistin was initiated. Cure was achieved by continuing this treatment for approximately three weeks, without adverse effects.  (+info)

Intrathecal colistin for treatment of multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa after neurosurgical ventriculitis. (2/10)

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts significantly improve the quality of life in patients with acute hydrocephalus. However, infections associated with a CSF shunt constitute a severe complication with high morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of CFS shunt infection cured with intrathecal colistin.  (+info)

Neuroendoscopic surgery for unilateral hydrocephalus due to inflammatory obstruction of the Monro foramen. (3/10)

 (+info)

Neurosurgical gram-negative bacillary ventriculitis and meningitis: a retrospective study evaluating the efficacy of intraventricular gentamicin therapy in 31 consecutive cases. (4/10)

 (+info)

Diffusion MRI findings of cytomegalovirus-associated ventriculitis: a case report. (5/10)

 (+info)

External ventricular drain infections: successful implementation of strategies to reduce infection rate. (6/10)

INTRODUCTION: External ventricular drain (EVD) infections can cause serious complications. We performed an audit of EVD infections within our neurosurgical unit. Through this study, we aimed to reduce the incidence of external ventricular drain-related infection, including ventriculities in neurosurgical patients. METHODS: We conducted an audit of the EVD infections in our institution observed over a one-and-a-half year period. This was conducted in three phases. A baseline EVD infection rate was determined for Phase I, from January to June 2007. We introduced the following measures to reduce EVD infection rate in Phase II, from July to December 2007: (1) For Neurosurgery doctors: performing proper surgical techniques to minimise intra-operative infections; educating junior doctors on proper CSF sampling from the EVD; and minimising the number of days the EVD is maintained in situ; (2) For Neurosurgery nurse clinicians: developing Standard Operating Procedures on nursing management of EVDs; conducting EVD care workshops for nurses working in neurosurgical wards; and competency skill checks on the management of EVDs for nurses working in the neurosurgical wards. Silver-coated EVDs were introduced in Phase III of the study from January to June 2008. RESULTS: The EVD infection rate decreased from a baseline of 6.1% to 3.8% in Phase II; a further reduction from 3.8% to 0% was achieved during Phase III. CONCLUSION: Good teamwork among doctors and nurses is essential for reducing EVD infection rate. We managed to reduce EVD infections substantially and would continue to strive to remain infection-free in the future.  (+info)

Impact of an educational intervention implanted in a neurological intensive care unit on rates of infection related to external ventricular drains. (7/10)

 (+info)

Metal external ventricular drainage catheters in the treatment of persistent ventriculitis - an old story made new: technical note and preliminary results. (8/10)

 (+info)

deJonge RCJ, van Furth AM, Wassenaar M, et al: Predicting sequelae and death after bacterial meningitis in childhood: A systematic review of prognostic studies. BMC Infect Dis 20:232, ...
Neuropsychological testing: These tests may be beneficial in assessing cognitive effects in patients recovering from severe infections. Even in more indolent infections, subtle neurocognitive changes may be followed once the post-illness baseline is established. In school-age children, school performance provides a measure of progress as well ...
Matt and I spent yet another night in the ICU of St.Josephs hospital last night. We started at the internal medicine doctor yesterday but when they checked his temperature it was 101.7. The doctor sent us straight back to the hospital suspecting that we were dealing with an infection in Matts shunt or possibly menengitis. We were very worried and tired. They took large needle and a pressure gauge and tapped into his shunt to retrieve some cerebral spinal fluid. They sent it off to be cultured. There was protein in it which indicates infection. The resident consulted infectious diseases and together they decided that they needed to watch him for ventriculitis (an infection in the ventricles in the brain). They admitted him to the ICU and it was all too familiar. They watched his fever closely overnight and waited for more results. Finally this morning when his fever had broken they discharged him and said that they would continue to culture the fluid. If it comes back with any growth they will ...
Description:. Carlos Esteve is a nurse from Spain who is working at a dialysis center. Sometimes, he has no time to stop some IV perfusions when he is dealing with a lot of patients. This means that he might find some air bubbles in the patients IV systems, and also, in the dialysis circuit. In other words, the dialysis process will need to start again because air plus blood makes coagulation. It costs money and time.. He struggle to find a solution to this problem. It is called OAS (Occlusive Air System).. Check the video about the trip to Spain to meet Carlos as well as the interview.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The misplacement of external ventricular drain by freehand method in emergent neurosurgery. AU - Hsieh, Cheng Ta. AU - Chen, Guann Juh. AU - Ma, Hsin I.. AU - Chang, Cheng Fu. AU - Cheng, Cheng Ma. AU - Su, Yih Huei. AU - Ju, Da Tong. AU - Hsia, Chung Ching. AU - Chen, Yuan Hao. AU - Wu, Hao Yiang. AU - Liu, Ming Ying. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - External ventricular drain (EVD) placement is one of the most basic and common neurosurgical procedure which most was performed by young neurosurgical trainees. This study is conducted to determinate the safe and accuracy of EVD placement by freehand method. About 129 EVD placements were evaluated in this study. Eighty-three catheters (64.3%) were located in the ipsilateral frontal horn or third ventricle. The functional accuracy was 86%. Of eighteen misplaced catheters, only 4 (3.1%) catheters were nonfunctional, requiring a replacement or reposition. The higher misplaced rate was significantly observed in patients whose head CT scans ...
An external ventricular drain (EVD), also known as a ventriculostomy or extraventricular drain, is a device used in neurosurgery to treat hydrocephalus and relieve elevated intracranial pressure when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the brain is obstructed. An EVD is a flexible plastic catheter placed by a neurosurgeon or neurointensivist and managed by intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses. The purpose of external ventricular drainage is to divert fluid from the ventricles of the brain and allow for monitoring of intracranial pressure. An EVD must be placed in a center with full neurosurgical capabilities, because immediate neurosurgical intervention can be needed if a complication of EVD placement, such as bleeding, is encountered. EVDs are a short-term solution to hydrocephalus, and if the underlying hydrocephalus does not eventually resolve, it may be necessary to convert the EVD to a cerebral shunt, which is a fully internalized, long-term treatment for ...
Secondary ventriculitis as a complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt with typical findings of smooth enhancement of the ventricular lining with intraventricular fluid-fluid leveling, likely denoting pus. CSF sample was obtained for analysis a...
The ICP waveform shown demonstrates a value of greater than 20 mm Hg and is frankly triangular with a low compliance/high elastance appearance. CSF is drained from the external ventricular drain (EVD) system (line goes flat for a while) and is later reopened periodically. By draining CSF, this essentially changes the ICP waveform by moving down and left on the elastance curve. Later, the ICP waveform returns after the external ventricular drain is opened and some P wave components are seen. However, it is important to recognize that the ICP waveform still has an overall noncompliant morphology indicative of a persistent abnormal intracranial pressure-volume state. ...
The ICP waveform shown demonstrates a value of greater than 20 mm Hg and is frankly triangular with a low compliance/high elastance appearance. CSF is drained from the external ventricular drain (EVD) system (line goes flat for a while) and is later reopened periodically. By draining CSF, this essentially changes the ICP waveform by moving down and left on the elastance curve. Later, the ICP waveform returns after the external ventricular drain is opened and some P wave components are seen. However, it is important to recognize that the ICP waveform still has an overall noncompliant morphology indicative of a persistent abnormal intracranial pressure-volume state. ...
Copyright © 2018 Frontline Medical Communications Inc., Parsippany, NJ, USA. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited.The information provided is for educational purposes only. Use of this Web site is subject to the medical disclaimer and privacy policy. ...
As is typical with most things related to head trauma, there are not a lot of good studies out there. Columbia University published a fairly comprehensive review of previous studies last year to help clarify this issue. They applied rigorous criteria to identify 10 relevant studies (3 randomized clinical trials and 7 observational studies) out of a pool of 347. Yes folks, this gives you an idea of how tough it is to answer good clinical questions from the stuff that gets published.. The study found that the use of either prophylactic antibiotics or antibiotic-coated external ventricular drains (EVD) decreased the number of infections by 68%. This result was consistent across both study designs. The authors could not show that one mode of antibiotic administration (systemic vs catheter coating) was better than the other. About half of the studies used antibiotics for the duration of the catheter; the other half did not specify.. Bottom line: Head injury patients with an EVD should receive ...
Of 312 aSAH patients considered for this study, 161 met the criteria for inclusion and were included in the analysis (85 patients in the DAPT group and 76 patients in the control group). The risks of clinical vasospasm (OR 0.244, CI 95% 0.097-0.615, p = 0.003) and DCI (OR 0.056, CI 95% 0.01-0.318, p = 0.001) were significantly lower in patients receiving DAPT. The rates of hemorrhagic complications associated with placement of external ventricular drains and ventriculoperitoneal shunts were similar in both groups (4% vs 2%, p = 0.9). ...
Since this journey began in September 2008, I have known that Carly was both a little miracle and a tough fighter. Never has she had to show that more than on this trip. The medical staff at UCSF are amazing, but Carly still managed to keep everyone guessing for so many weeks. The complete story will never be known for sure, but the version we are sticking with is this: Carly had a virus or some other type of stomach issue that caused severe abdominal pain. As the pain worsened, her body was not able to mount an appropriate adrenal response because she does not have her pituitary glad. She went into adrenal shock, despite the stress dose of hydrocortisone that we injected into her leg, and we had to rush her to the emergency room. After she was stabilized they did scans of her head and even used an external ventricular drain to make sure she didnt have excessive intracranial pressure. At that time her cranial pressure was fine so the search moved on from her head. During the next few weeks she ...
According to the recall notice, the devices were recalled because the patient line tubing can be separated from the patient line connectors; this is more likely occur during frequent handling and include connections were injections or sampling occur often. The notice stated that "The device failure may result in air within the skull (pneumocephalus), infection (such as meningitis, ventriculitis, encephalitis) and over/under drainage of the CSF that may contribute to serious adverse health consequences, including death.". The recalled systems were manufactured between March 15, 2013 and February 28, 2014. They were distributed between April 10, 2013 and May 19, 2014. An Urgent Device Recall letter was sent out to customers last month.. A Medtronic spokesperson told Mass Device that the company received 35 reports of adverse events between September 2013 and April 2014. No deaths have been reported thus far.. A Class I label means that exposure to the recalled device could lead to serious injury ...
6. I have five doctors constantly monitoring my treatment and progress: Dr. Weintraub, hematology and oncology; Dr. Adamo, pediatric neurosurgeon; Dr. Nichter, pediatric neurologist; Dr. Lucas, developmental pediatrician and Dr. Borrelli, pediatrician. I also gets OT (occupational therapy), PT (physical therapy) and speech therapy on a weekly basis.. 7. I have had 13 surgeries, including two craniotomies (tumor resections). The tumor was in my left frontal lobe, in which they had to remove part of my brain to get the whole thing. Thankfully, babys brains have plasticity and I will learn to do things differently. I also have a shunt due to hydrocephalus.. 8. I am currently fed through a G-tube because I stopped taking the bottle after my second round of chemo. The doctors say that a side effect from chemo is that milk can taste metallic and chemo can also cause throat and mouth sores.. 9. I was the first patient in Albany Med PICU to have three EVDs (external ventricular drain), basically ...
The radiologic findings in a case of an extradural diploic epidermoid tumor (ET) of the frontal bone, examined with plain X rays, CT and MRI, are reported. A head injury with traumatic inclusion of...
Abstract The aim of the study was to describe indications and complications of external ventricular drain (EVD) placement in children aged between 1 month and 16 years. This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised all children who underwent EVD placement from January 2007 to December 2014. Of the 177 patients identified, 117(66%) were males 60(34%) were girls. The overall mean age was 5.4±5.2 years. The median Glasgow Coma Scale score on presentation and discharge was 13 (interquartile range [IQR]: 7) and 15 (IQR: 4), respectively. Major diagnosis included intracranial tumour 60(34%), bacterial meningitis 34(19%), tuberculous meningitis 33(18.6%), and haemorrhage 23(13%). Clinical indications for EVD insertion were acute hydrocephalus secondary to infection 64(36.2%), tumour 54(30.5%), and haemorrhage 23(13%) ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction or infection 25(14.1%) and traumatic brain injury 11(6.2%). Complications were observed in 47(26
Inclusion Criteria:. 1. Informed consent obtained and signed 2. Aged between 18 and 45 years, inclusive 3. Body Mass Index (BMI, weight in kg divided by the square of height in meters) between 18 and 35.0 kg/m^2, inclusive 4. Able to comply with protocol requirements for the entire duration of the study 5. Healthy on the basis of a screening medical evaluation (including physical examination, vital signs, blood biochemistry and hematology, urinalysis, and history).. Exclusion Criteria:. 1. Heterosexually active females of child-bearing potential, defined as being physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they agree to use two of the following acceptable methods of contraception throughout their participation in the study and for at least 12 weeks after the final dose: (a) established use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal contraception, (b) intrauterine Device (IUD or Coil) (c) a female barrier method (diaphragm or cervical/vault cap) and/or (d) condom plus spermicidal cream/gel ...
The Department of Clinical Medicine of UMH has decided to convene the Jaime Merino Contest video presentation of clinical cases of Medicine UMH rotation.
van de Beek D, Drake JM, Tunkel AR. Nosocomial bacterial meningitis. N Engl J Med 2010;362:146-54. PUBMED:20071704.. Tulipan N, Cleves MA. Effect of an intraoperative double-gloving strategy on the incidence of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection. J Neurosurg 2006;104:Suppl:S5-S8. PUBMED:16509473.. Sørensen P, Ejlertsen T, Aaen D, Poulsen K. Bacterial contamination of surgeons gloves during shunt insertion: a pilot study. Br J Neurosurg 2008;22:675-7. PUBMED:19016119.. Mayhall CG, Archer NH, Lamb VA, et al. Ventriculostomy-related infections: a prospective epidemiologic study. N Engl J Med 1984;310:553-9. PUBMED:6694707.. Wong GK, Poon WS, Wai S, Yu LM, Lyon D, Lam JM. Failure of regular external ventricular drain exchange to reduce cerebrospinal fluid infection: result of a randomised controlled trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2002;73:759-61. PUBMED:12438486.. Ratilal BO, Costa J, Sampaio C. Antibiotic prophylaxis for surgical introduction of intracranial ventricular shunts. Cochrane ...
Brain sonograms obtained in the first 2-3 days can be normal but days later show asymmetrical white matter hyperechogenicity due to widespread destruction. This is later followed by development of multiple cysts, often with rims of hyperechogenicity around them. Multiple areas of parenchymal or intraventricular hemorrhage may also be demonstrated on ultrasound. Sometimes, brain sonography shows intraventricular septa and thickened ependyma due to ventriculitis. CT features include diffuse hypodensity of the white matter with multiple areas of hemorrhage and abscesses. The abscesses may undergo cavitatory necrosis and calcification. On MRI, multiple, confluent white matter hyperintensities are seen on T1W images and hypointensities on T2W images, both consistent with hemorrhagic destruction. DWI show restricted diffusion in the brain parenchyma due to cytotoxic edema and may also show lesions that were not detected on conventional MR images. The rate at which the findings develop sequentially in ...
Lately, I Googled one of my choices. I did find a match (in a reference to a RPG, IIRC), but kept the name anyway, seeing as it wasnt common, having only a single reference. Now, I dont know whether that name is copyrighted or not. If I take the story to publication, it could become an issue, but thankfully, the Search and Replace function makes the change easy -- even if choosing a replacement isnt ...
Engaging math & science practice! Improve your skills with free problems in Recognizing effect of stirring, pulverizing, heating on rate of solubility and thousands of other practice lessons.
INTRODUCTION Previous prospective study in our unit had shown that the use of dual antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with external ventricular drain was associated with decreased incidence of cerebrospinal fluid infection but complicated with opportunistic extracranial infection. In recent years, cerebrospinal fluid shunt catheters impregnated with antimicrobial agents have become available. Theoretically, these catheters provide antibiotic prophylaxis locally without the associated complications of systemic opportunistic infection. METHODS We carried out a prospective randomized, controlled clinical trial in a regional neurosurgical center in Hong Kong. We recruited patients admitted for emergency neurosurgical operation after informed consent was obtained from next-of-kin. Eligible patients were randomized to receive an antibiotic-impregnated ventricular catheter or plain ventricular catheter Dual prophylactic antibiotic coverage was given to the patients randomized for plain ventricular catheter
Objective and importance: Infundibula (IFs) are funnel-shaped symmetrical enlargements that occur at the origins of cerebral arteries and are apparent on 7 to 25% of otherwise normal angiograms. They are frequently considered as normal anatomic variants of no pathogenic significance. Clinical presentation: We report the case of a ruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysm that had developed at the site of a previously known IF in a 49-year-old hypertensive woman. She had a poor conscious level at admission, with widespread subarachnoid hemorrhage and obstructive hydrocephalus. Intervention: The patient was immediately ventilated, and an external ventricular drain was inserted. The aneurysm was successfully clipped; however, secondary hemorrhage occurred both and during craniotomy. She developed marked hypernatremia and subsequently died. Conclusion: This is the 11th case of IF-to-aneurysm progression reported. It suggests that in certain cases, serial investigations may be indicated with ...
Cefepime vs. Ampicillin/Sulbactam and Aztreonam as antibiotic prophylaxis in neurosurgical patients with external ventricular drain: result of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial.
Meningitis results from bacteremia seeding the CNS by way of the choroid plexus giving rise to ventriculitis and then meningitis. Vasculitis of small and medium veins traversing the arachnoid space leads to thrombophlebitis and cortical infarctions.. Sonographic abnormalities are present in approximately 65% of infants with meningitis. Pia-arachnoid should not exceed 1.3 mm; sulci (2 layers of pia-arachnoid) should not exceed 2 mm. Vasodilation of pial vessels can be seen on color Doppler. Concave extra-axial collections sometimes containing low-level echoes can also be seen. Echogenic ependyma with low-level echoes in the in ventricular fluid; resolution of intraventricular debris is predicts efficacy of antibiotic selection. Parenchymal abnormalities include edema, infarction, and neuronal loss. Hydrocephalus can occur in the acute or chronic phase because of obstruction of CSF flow at the aqueduct of sylvius, outlet foramina or arachnoid granulations.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Lesion Optimization for Laser Ablation. T2 - Fluid Evacuation Prior to Laser-Induced Thermal Therapy. AU - Wong, Timothy. AU - Patel, Nitesh V.. AU - Feiteiro, Filipe. AU - Danish, Shabbar F.. AU - Hanft, Simon. PY - 2017/8. Y1 - 2017/8. N2 - Background Magnetic resonance-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (MRgLITT) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for ablating intracranial lesions. The presence of a fluid body can sequester thermal energy generated by the laser catheter, which compromises the performance of MRgLITT, resulting in suboptimal ablation of cystic lesions. We report our use of stereotactic fluid evacuation followed by MRgLITT in 2 patients with cystic brain tumors. This is the first report on lesion optimization by fluid aspiration before MRgLITT. Methods Two cystic tumors in 2 patients were treated. In 1 patient, an external ventricular drain was placed stereotactically to allow drainage of cystic fluid 1 day before laser ablation. In the second patient, ...
Jeffrey J. Fletcher; William Meurer; Malcolm Dunne; Venkatakrishna Rajajee; Teresa L. Jacobs; Kyle M. Sheehan; Bart Nathan; Allison M. Kade. Inter-observer agreement on the diagnosis of neurocardiogenic injury following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocritical Care. 2014;20(2):263-269.. Yana Mikhaylov; Thomas J. Wilson; Venkatakrishna Rajajee; B. Gregory Thompson; Cormac O. Maher; Stephen E. Sullivan; Teresa L. Jacobs; Mary J. Kocan; Aditya S. Pandey. Efficacy of antibiotic-impregnated external ventricular drains in reducing ventriculostomy-associated infections. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 2014;21(5):765-768.. Venkatakrishna Rajajee; Jeffrey J. Fletcher; Lauryn R. Rochlen; Teresa L. Jacobs. Comparison of accuracy of optic nerve ultrasound for the detection of intracranial hypertension in the setting of acutely fluctuating vs stable intracranial pressure: Post-hoc analysis of data from a prospective, blinded single center study. Critical Care. 2012;16(3):[R79].. ...
... ventriculitis) caused by infection or the introduction of blood following trauma or haemorrhage (cerebral haemorrhage or ... The cerebral aqueduct between the third and fourth ventricles is very small, as are the foramina, which means that they can be ... The narrowness of the cerebral aqueduct and foramina means that they can become blocked, for example, by blood following a ... and then the fourth ventricle via the cerebral aqueduct in the brainstem. From the fourth ventricle it can pass into the ...
Occasionally, it causes meningitis, but it can cause sepsis, ventriculitis, and cerebritis with 80% frequent multiple brain ... they are different from the inflammatory ring of a cerebral infection. Early cerebritis should not be mistaken for normal, ... Macroscopic findings include purulent exudates, opaque leptomeninges (thinning of meninges), pus, and ventriculitis/ ... a persisting cavity leads to septated ventriculitis that may result in multicyctic hydrocephalus. Early, cerebritis is seen, ...
Beer, R.; Lackner, P.; Pfausler, B.; Schmutzhard, E. (2008-11-01). "Nosocomial ventriculitis and meningitis in neurocritical ... The cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) can be calculated from data obtained from the EVD and systemic blood pressure. In order ... it may be necessary to convert the EVD to a cerebral shunt, which is a fully internalized, long-term treatment for ... Infections associated with EVDs can progress to become a severe form of brain infection known as ventriculitis. Protocols ...
Shunt infections, including meningitis, ventriculitis, and peritonitis, occur in 2-17% of VPS cases.1-3 Clinicians should ... VPSs are neurosurgically implanted devices used to treat hydrocephalus by shunting cerebral spinal fluid from the lateral ...
Ventriculitis occurred in seven patients, without exception related to an external cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt. ... Middle Cerebral Artery / surgery*. Prospective Studies. Retrospective Studies. Surgical Instruments / standards*. Time. ... Rankin J (1957) Cerebral vascular accidents in patients over the age of 60. II. Prognosis. Scott Med J 2:200-215. ... Despite the fact that in ISAT middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms were clearly underrepresented, the study is often used as ...
Aneurysm, vertebral artery (R); Ventriculitis, meningeal enhancement; Abscess, cerebral, frontal lobes. * Head Angio. Initial ...
Aneurysm, vertebral artery (R); Ventriculitis, meningeal enhancement; Abscess, cerebral, frontal lobes. CT. MR. ANGIO. ... Infarct, posterior inferior cerebellar artery, acute (L); Infarct, middle cerebral artery, old (L); Infarct, anterior cerebral ... Infarct, middle cerebral artery (R), presumed perinatal. MR. 28480. 70. M. Occlusion, carotid artery (L), Infarct, parietal (L) ... Stenosis, internal carotid artery (L), near-occlusion; Infarct, middle cerebral artery (L). CT. ANGIO. ...
We report on a cerebral infection by Pseudallescheria boydii in a 21-month-old boy after a near-drowning episode. MRI revealed ... Successful treatment of multiple Pseudallescheria boydii brain abscesses and ventriculitis/ependymitis in a 2-year-old child ...
Ventriculitis, cerebral (see also Meningitis) 322.9. 322.2. ICD9Data.com 323 ICD-9-CM codes are used in medical billing and ... Ependymitis (acute) (cerebral) (chronic) (granular) (see also Meningitis) 322.9. *Infection, infected, infective (opportunistic ... Meningitis (basal) (basic) (basilar) (brain) (cerebral) (cervical) (congestive) (diffuse) (hemorrhagic) (infantile) (membranous ... Pachymeningitis (adhesive) (basal) (brain) (cerebral) (cervical) (chronic) (circumscribed) (external) (fibrous) (hemorrhagic) ( ...
Ventriculitis (cerebral) NOS. * in (due to)* mumps B26.2. * Meningoencephalitis G04.90. - see also Encephalitis. ICD-10-CM ...
Ventriculitis (cerebral) NOS. * Russian* autumnal A83.0. * type* B A83.0. * viral, virus A86. ...
The waived SAEs for this study are the following: 1) any type of cerebral/brain infarction or stroke; 2) cerebral/brain ... ventriculitis, meningitis and encephalitis; dexamethasone-dependent severe psychiatric reactions; and death. ... with correlation to the cerebral lesion, or radiologic finding of cSDH with flattening of the underlying cortex and/or midline ...
S. Albano, B. Berman, G. Fischberg et al., "Retrospective analysis of ventriculitis in external ventricular drains," Neurology ... specifically the cerebral vasculature. Most prominently, pathological studies of cerebral vasculature have demonstrated ... Cerebral angiogram. (c) Cerebral angiogram imaging after coiling of an aneurysm. ... Impact of Methamphetamine Abuse: A Rare Case of Rapid Cerebral Aneurysm Growth with Review of Literature. James Fowler,1 Brian ...
... ventriculitis, and meningitis [1]. Though considered relatively safe, complications such as hemorrhage, infection, and ... Cerebral hemorrhage. *Risk factors. *Retrospective studies. *External ventricular drain. *Prevention and control ...
POSTSPINAL INTRACRANIAL SUBDURAL HEMATOMA AND CEREBRAL SINUS THROMBOSIS: REPORT OF A CASE. Ali hsan Uysal, Tu ba Karaman, Aynur ... Evaluation of Neonates with Ventriculitis. Ferda zl , Hacer Yapicioglu, Kenan Ozcan, Nejat Narl , Mehmet Satar. Cukurova ...
Group B streptococcal ventriculitis: a report of three cases and literature review. Pediatr Neurol. May 2006. 34:395-399. [ ... Cerebral white matter injury in the newborn following Escherichia coli meningitis. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2005. 9:13-17. [ ... David A Griesemer, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental ... Bacterial meningitis as an etiology of perinatal cerebral infarction. Pediatr Neurol. September/October 1986. 2:276-279. [ ...
Group B streptococcal ventriculitis: a report of three cases and literature review. Pediatr Neurol. May 2006. 34:395-399. [ ... Cerebral white matter injury in the newborn following Escherichia coli meningitis. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2005. 9:13-17. [ ... David A Griesemer, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental ... Bacterial meningitis as an etiology of perinatal cerebral infarction. Pediatr Neurol. September/October 1986. 2:276-279. [ ...
Swelling or inflammation of the brain (cerebral edema or ventriculitis), or hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain ... Cerebral fluid may accumulate just inside the tough outer membrane covering the brain (subdural effusions) after several days. ...
... such as the cerebral aqueduct, become narrow. Ventriculitis is inflammation of the brain ventricles that typically results from ... The cerebral ventricles are connected by small pores called foramina, as well as by larger channels. The interventricular ... Cerebral ventricles provide a pathway for the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid throughout the central nervous system. This ... The third ventricle is connected to the fourth ventricle by a canal called the Aqueduct of Sylvius or cerebral aqueduct. The ...
... whereas diffusion-weighted sequences prove a unique role in diagnosing cerebral pyogenic ventriculitis. ... The present case underlines the importance of taking into account the diagnosis of pyogenic ventriculitis even when the ... Pyogenic ventriculitis is a rare and severe cerebral infection characterized by the presence of suppurative fluid in the ... cerebral ventricles. It is a life-threatening condition and may present with an aspecific neurological picture. Brain imaging ...
reported that 50% of cases developed cerebral abscesses [51].. The exact incidence of postairgun injury seizures is unknown. ... ventriculitis, and cerebritis ranges between 5% and 23% [47]. As early as 1947, Gillingham showed that infection rates for ... M. Ganau, F. Graziano, and D. Iacopino, "Letter: advanced hemostatics in the management of cerebral dural sinus lacerations," ... A. A. Abla, F. C. Albuquerque, N. Theodore, and R. F. Spetzler, "Delayed presentation of traumatic cerebral and dural ...
Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of fetal cerebral ventriculitis associated with asymptomatic maternal cytomegalovirus ... Soussotte C, Maugey-Laulom B, Carles D, Diard F. Contribution of transvaginal ultrasonography and fetal cerebral MRI in a case ... The sonographic analysis was aimed at signs of ventriculitis, leukomalacia, calcification, vasculitis, and periventricular cyst ... Neurodevelopment outcome of newborns with cerebral subependymal pseudocysts at 18 and 46 months: a prospective study ...
Cerebral arterial vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality ... Cerebral Angiography. Cerebral Revascularization*. Humans. Intracranial Aneurysm / complications, surgery. Ischemic Attack, ... Previous Document: Ventriculitis after metrizamide lumbar myelography.. Next Document: Spinal intradural ependymal cyst: a case ... Cerebral arterial vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality ...
... ventriculitis) caused by infection or the introduction of blood following trauma or haemorrhage (cerebral haemorrhage or ... The cerebral aqueduct between the third and fourth ventricles is very small, as are the foramina, which means that they can be ... The narrowness of the cerebral aqueduct and foramina means that they can become blocked, for example, by blood following a ... and then the fourth ventricle via the cerebral aqueduct in the brainstem. From the fourth ventricle it can pass into the ...
... which can include cerebral vasospasm, delayed ischemia, seizures, cerebral edema, hydrocephalus, and endocrinologic and ... which can include cerebral vasospasm, delayed ischemia, seizures, cerebral edema, hydrocephalus, and endocrinologic and ... In unruptured cerebral aneurysms, treatment decisions are less clear and currently based solely on treating larger lesions, ... In unruptured cerebral aneurysms, treatment decisions are less clear and currently based solely on treating larger lesions, ...
... rhino-cerebral syndrome and rarely, a fungal ventriculitis. Fungal central nervous system infections should be suspected in any ... Newton CR, Hien TT, White N. Cerebral malaria. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2000;69:433-41.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle ... The neuropathology of fatal cerebral malaria in Malawian children. Am J Pathol. 2011;178:2146-58.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral ... Dysregulation of coagulation in cerebral malaria. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2009;166:99-108.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle ...
Committee collaborated with partner organizations to convene a panel of 10 experts on healthcare-associated ventriculitis and ... diseases and represented other organizations whose members care for patients with healthcare-associated ventriculitis and ... Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are considered permanent catheters in which the proximal end of the shunt is in the cerebral ... The incidence of ventriculitis decreased from 17% to 11% overall and, in those with proven ventriculitis, from 10% to 3% once ...
  • Surgical clipping as the preferred treatment for aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Despite the fact that in ISAT middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms were clearly underrepresented, the study is often used as an argument to favor coiling above surgery in MCA aneurysms. (biomedsearch.com)
  • They are most common in the distribution of the middle cerebral artery zones involving frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes. (slideshare.net)
  • Most of cerebral hydatid cysts are located in supratentorial structures in the vascular territory of middle cerebral artery 1 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Review of the literature revealed a paucity of data regarding cases of infectious meningitis/ventriculitis following myelomeningocele repair in the absence of a concomitant VP shunt. (eurorad.org)
  • In unruptured cerebral aneurysms, treatment decisions are less clear and currently based solely on treating larger lesions, using rigid aneurysm size cutoffs generalized from recent studies that are the subject of ongoing controversy. (frontiersin.org)
  • Evaluation of the patient with unruptured cerebral aneurysm should include a thorough history and physical, with care taken to focus on the neurologic system including cranial nerves, motor and sensory systems, and cognitive level of functioning. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • The consequences of DCI may either be transient or may result in cerebral infarction with persistent neurologic disability or death. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Infections of the central nervous system (cerebral phaeohypho-mycosis) are rare but serious, since they commonly occur in immunocompromized patients. (elsevier.com)
  • Uncommonly, VZV can spread to large cerebral arteries to cause a spectrum of large-vessel vascular damage, ranging from vasculopathy to vasculitis, with stroke. (tjn.org.tr)
  • Safety and efficacy of desmoteplase given 3-9 h after ischaemic stroke in patients with occlusion or high-grade stenosis in major cerebral arteries (DIAS-3): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial. (uniklinikum-dresden.de)
  • Chen, JL, Orsini, J & Killu, C 2007, ' Poor central nervous system penetration of tigecycline in a patient with sepsis and ventriculitis caused by multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ', Journal of Pharmacy Technology , vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 344-348. (elsevier.com)
  • Macroscopic findings include purulent exudates, opaque leptomeninges (thinning of meninges), pus, and ventriculitis/ ependymitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Follow-up MRI performed after 2 and 5 months ( Fig e ) showed reduction in size of the two cerebral rim-enhancing lesions (3 mm and 1 mm), as well as the extent of perifocal oedema. (hkmj.org)
  • MRI scans provide greater contrast between cerebral oedema and the brain and early detection of satellite lesions. (patient.info)
  • EVD is integral in the management of patients with a variety of neurosurgical conditions, including elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), a variety of intracranial haemorrhages, intracranial tumour, traumatic head injury, cerebral oedema and ICP monitoring. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
  • Perfusion imaging with arterial spine labelling showed no elevated regional cerebral blood flow ( Fig d ). (hkmj.org)
  • d) Perfusion imaging in arterial spine labelling showing no significantly elevated regional cerebral blood flow over the left parieto-occipital lesions. (hkmj.org)
  • 14 Pathological findings of von Economo disease typically consist of a nonhemorrhagic involvement [jamanetwork.com] 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Ventriculitis ( cerebral ) NOS in (due to) toxoplasmosis (acquired) B58.2 Meningoencephalomyelitis - see also Meningoencephalitis [icd10data.com] The lesions of GAE are thought to represent focal areas of cerebritis or microabscesses. (symptoma.com)
  • In immunocompromised individuals, especially those with cancer or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, deeper tissue penetration of the virus may occur (as compared with immunocompetent individuals), with resultant myelitis, small-vessel vasculopathy, ventriculitis, and meningoencephalitis. (tjn.org.tr)
  • 1. Arora SK, Aggarwal A, Datta V. Giant primary cerebral hydatid cyst: A rare cause of childhood seizure. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Cerebral aneurysms are common vascular lesions. (frontiersin.org)
  • In the near future, these radiogenomic techniques may help improve quality of life and patient outcomes via patient-specific approaches to the treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms and personalized medical management of secondary processes following aneurysmal SAH. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cerebral aneurysms are common vascular lesions with prevalence in autopsy studies as high as 5% ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • 5-6 mm), and patients with aneurysms in the posterior circulation (vertebral artery, basilar artery, and posterior cerebral artery) deserve consideration for treatment as opposed to observation and serial CTA or MRA imaging. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • El absceso cerebral es una patología infecciosa infrecuente cuyo diagnóstico oportuno y tratamiento adecuado conducen a un buen pronóstico en la mayoría de los casos. (bvsalud.org)
  • La meningitis ocurre en 5-9% de los pacientes con candidemia, de estos un 4 % desarrolla ventriculitis o absceso cerebral (Ancalle y col., 2010). (neurocirugiacontemporanea.com)
  • La RM-DWI y las resonancias magnéticas seriadas son útiles en el diagnóstico precoz del absceso cerebral por candida y la evaluación de los resultados del tratamiento en niños prematuros (Mao y col., 2011). (neurocirugiacontemporanea.com)
  • In 2 immunocompetent patients, diffusion-weighted imaging showed diffusion restriction in cerebral cryptococcal granuloma. (bvsalud.org)
  • 5) Postsurgical Disappearance of Dementia without Increased Cerebral Blood Flow in Hydrocephalic Patients. (exlibris.ch)
  • To determine the cause of an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cerebral ventriculitis among eight patients at a community hospital neurosurgical intensive care unit. (jasonandjarvis.com)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Recurrence of cerebral toxoplasmosis in 15 AIDS patients. (symptoma.com)
  • Scoring flow restoration in cerebral angiograms after endovascular revascularization in acute ischemic stroke patients. (uniklinikum-dresden.de)
  • Logistic regression analysis identified cerebral hemisphere localization as risk factor for seizures (OR: 7.07 IC 95% 2.89-17.3). (uniud.it)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diagnostic Confirmation: Are you sure your patient has cerebral toxoplasmosis ? (symptoma.com)
  • The third ventricle is connected to the fourth ventricle by a canal called the Aqueduct of Sylvius or cerebral aqueduct . (thoughtco.com)
  • The third ventricle is connected to the fourth ventricle by the cerebral aqueduct, which extends through the midbrain . (thoughtco.com)
  • The fourth ventricle is continuous with the cerebral aqueduct and the central canal of the spinal cord . (thoughtco.com)
  • As the part of the primitive neural tube that will develop into the brainstem, the neural canal expands dorsally and laterally, creating the fourth ventricle, whereas the neural canal that does not expand and remains the same at the level of the midbrain superior to the fourth ventricle forms the cerebral aqueduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • 22 Causes of Cerebral Aqueduct of Sylvius Obstruction: 1. (slideplayer.com)
  • 79 ] Following aSAH, inflammatory cells enter the central nervous system (CNS) leading to a decrease in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and endothelial cell death. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
  • Pertussis toxin permeabilization enhances the traversal of Escherichia coli K1, macrophages, and monocytes in a cerebral endothelial barrier model in vitro. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cerebral hydatid disease is a rare parasitic infestation and accounts for 1-2 % of all cystic echinococcosis. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Ventriculitis incidence was 28.3 (26 of 92). (who.int)
  • There was a significant association between the number of EVDs inserted and the incidence of ventriculitis (p=0.010). (who.int)
  • Using prophylactic antibiotics or impregnated catheters did not reduce ventriculitis incidence significantly. (who.int)
  • En los casos de endocarditis se debe de tener precaución si se considera la caspofungina para el tratamiento de la endocarditis debido al riesgo de posibles focos de infección no reconocidas, como el cerebro, donde los niveles de caspofungina pueden ser inadecuadas (Prabhu y col., 2004). (neurocirugiacontemporanea.com)