Cerebral Hemorrhage: Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.Cerebral Infarction: The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy: A heterogeneous group of sporadic or familial disorders characterized by AMYLOID deposits in the walls of small and medium sized blood vessels of CEREBRAL CORTEX and MENINGES. Clinical features include multiple, small lobar CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; cerebral ischemia (BRAIN ISCHEMIA); and CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is unrelated to generalized AMYLOIDOSIS. Amyloidogenic peptides in this condition are nearly always the same ones found in ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (from Kumar: Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th ed., 2005)Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Intracranial Hemorrhages: Bleeding within the SKULL, including hemorrhages in the brain and the three membranes of MENINGES. The escape of blood often leads to the formation of HEMATOMA in the cranial epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid spaces.Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive: Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.Capillary Fragility: The susceptibility of CAPILLARIES, under conditions of increased stress, to leakage.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Familial: A familial disorder marked by AMYLOID deposits in the walls of small and medium sized blood vessels of CEREBRAL CORTEX and MENINGES.Middle Cerebral Artery: The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Amyloidosis: A group of sporadic, familial and/or inherited, degenerative, and infectious disease processes, linked by the common theme of abnormal protein folding and deposition of AMYLOID. As the amyloid deposits enlarge they displace normal tissue structures, causing disruption of function. Various signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the deposits.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis: Embolism or thrombosis involving blood vessels which supply intracranial structures. Emboli may originate from extracranial or intracranial sources. Thrombosis may occur in arterial or venous structures.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Retinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.Intracranial Aneurysm: Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System: A vascular anomaly composed of a collection of large, thin walled tortuous VEINS that can occur in any part of the central nervous system but lack intervening nervous tissue. Familial occurrence is common and has been associated with a number of genes mapped to 7q, 7p and 3q. Clinical features include SEIZURES; HEADACHE; STROKE; and progressive neurological deficit.Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic: Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES due to TRAUMA. Hemorrhage may involve any part of the CEREBRAL CORTEX and the BASAL GANGLIA. Depending on the severity of bleeding, clinical features may include SEIZURES; APHASIA; VISION DISORDERS; MOVEMENT DISORDERS; PARALYSIS; and COMA.Tissue Plasminogen Activator: A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations: Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.Aphasia, Wernicke: Impairment in the comprehension of speech and meaning of words, both spoken and written, and of the meanings conveyed by their grammatical relationships in sentences. It is caused by lesions that primarily affect Wernicke's area, which lies in the posterior perisylvian region of the temporal lobe of the dominant hemisphere. (From Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p141; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p846)Cystatins: A homologous group of endogenous CYSTEINE PROTEINASE INHIBITORS. The cystatins inhibit most CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES such as PAPAIN, and other peptidases which have a sulfhydryl group at the active site.Postpartum Hemorrhage: Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Ischemic Attack, Transient: Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)JapanBrain Edema: Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Streptococcus anginosus: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. It is the most frequently seen isolate of that group, has a proclivity for abscess formation, and is most often isolated from the blood, gastrointestinal, and urogenital tract.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Fibrinolytic Agents: Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.Vitreous Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage into the VITREOUS BODY.Eye Hemorrhage: Intraocular hemorrhage from the vessels of various tissues of the eye.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Neurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Autonomic Dysreflexia: A syndrome associated with damage to the spinal cord above the mid thoracic level (see SPINAL CORD INJURIES) characterized by a marked increase in the sympathetic response to minor stimuli such as bladder or rectal distention. Manifestations include HYPERTENSION; TACHYCARDIA (or reflex bradycardia); FEVER; FLUSHING; and HYPERHIDROSIS. Extreme hypertension may be associated with a STROKE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp538 and 1232; J Spinal Cord Med 1997;20(3):355-60)Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery: NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.Moyamoya Disease: A noninflammatory, progressive occlusion of the intracranial CAROTID ARTERIES and the formation of netlike collateral arteries arising from the CIRCLE OF WILLIS. Cerebral angiogram shows the puff-of-smoke (moyamoya) collaterals at the base of the brain. It is characterized by endothelial HYPERPLASIA and FIBROSIS with thickening of arterial walls. This disease primarily affects children but can also occur in adults.Vasospasm, Intracranial: Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Malaria, Cerebral: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)Amyloid beta-Peptides: Peptides generated from AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDES PRECURSOR. An amyloid fibrillar form of these peptides is the major component of amyloid plaques found in individuals with Alzheimer's disease and in aged individuals with trisomy 21 (DOWN SYNDROME). The peptide is found predominantly in the nervous system, but there have been reports of its presence in non-neural tissue.Anticoagulants: Agents that prevent clotting.Thrombolytic Therapy: Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.Cystatin C: An extracellular cystatin subtype that is abundantly expressed in bodily fluids. It may play a role in the inhibition of interstitial CYSTEINE PROTEASES.Amyloid: A fibrous protein complex that consists of proteins folded into a specific cross beta-pleated sheet structure. This fibrillar structure has been found as an alternative folding pattern for a variety of functional proteins. Deposits of amyloid in the form of AMYLOID PLAQUES are associated with a variety of degenerative diseases. The amyloid structure has also been found in a number of functional proteins that are unrelated to disease.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Intracranial Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage: Bleeding within the subcortical regions of cerebral hemispheres (BASAL GANGLIA). It is often associated with HYPERTENSION or ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS. Clinical manifestations may include HEADACHE; DYSKINESIAS; and HEMIPARESIS.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor: A single-pass type I membrane protein. It is cleaved by AMYLOID PRECURSOR PROTEIN SECRETASES to produce peptides of varying amino acid lengths. A 39-42 amino acid peptide, AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDES is a principal component of the extracellular amyloid in SENILE PLAQUES.Postoperative Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Aneurysm, Ruptured: The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.Basilar Artery: The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.Choroid Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage from the vessels of the choroid.Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage: Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Intracranial Pressure: Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.Anterior Cerebral Artery: Artery formed by the bifurcation of the internal carotid artery (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Branches of the anterior cerebral artery supply the CAUDATE NUCLEUS; INTERNAL CAPSULE; PUTAMEN; SEPTAL NUCLEI; GYRUS CINGULI; and surfaces of the FRONTAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Posterior Cerebral Artery: Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Putaminal Hemorrhage: Intracranial bleeding into the PUTAMEN, a BASAL GANGLIA nucleus. This is associated with HYPERTENSION and lipohyalinosis of small blood vessels in the putamen. Clinical manifestations vary with the size of hemorrhage, but include HEMIPARESIS; HEADACHE; and alterations of consciousness.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Hematoma, Subdural: Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.Retrobulbar Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage within the orbital cavity, posterior to the eyeball.Cerebral Revascularization: Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Craniotomy: Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)Cerebral Ventriculography: Radiography of the ventricular system of the brain after injection of air or other contrast medium directly into the cerebral ventricles. It is used also for x-ray computed tomography of the cerebral ventricles.Dominance, Cerebral: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic: Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.Shock, Hemorrhagic: Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Neuroprotective Agents: Drugs intended to prevent damage to the brain or spinal cord from ischemia, stroke, convulsions, or trauma. Some must be administered before the event, but others may be effective for some time after. They act by a variety of mechanisms, but often directly or indirectly minimize the damage produced by endogenous excitatory amino acids.Intracranial Thrombosis: Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in a blood vessel within the SKULL. Intracranial thrombosis can lead to thrombotic occlusions and BRAIN INFARCTION. The majority of the thrombotic occlusions are associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Cerebrum: Derived from TELENCEPHALON, cerebrum is composed of a right and a left hemisphere. Each contains an outer cerebral cortex and a subcortical basal ganglia. The cerebrum includes all parts within the skull except the MEDULLA OBLONGATA, the PONS, and the CEREBELLUM. Cerebral functions include sensorimotor, emotional, and intellectual activities.Blood-Brain Barrier: Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.Intracranial Hypertension: Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.Hypoxia, Brain: A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.Glasgow Coma Scale: A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.

Intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Observations after experience with computerised tomography. (1/3145)

Thirty-six patients with angiographically confirmed intracranial arteriovenous malformations have had computerised tomographic scans performed as part of their investigation. This study demonstrates the incidence of haematoma formation after haemorrhage, the frequency of calcification not visible on plain radiographs, and describes the possible causes for a complicating hydrocephalus. Further information has been gained from the intravenous injection of sodium iothalamate (Conray 420), with comparison of the scans taken before and after the injection.  (+info)

Intracerebral hemorrhage in young people: analysis of risk factors, location, causes, and prognosis. (2/3145)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The frequency of intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs) in people aged 31 years (odds ratio, 3.48), and those with ICH that resulted from arteriovenous malformations were aged <20 years (odds ratio, 2.80). The final outcome was considered favorable in 60%. CONCLUSIONS: ICHs in young people are mainly lobar in location and result from vascular malformation. Hypertension causes most cases in which the ICH is located in the basal ganglia. Mortality and morbidity in the acute phase are low and are related to hypertension as the cause of ICH.  (+info)

Increased platelet activation in the chronic phase after cerebral ischemia and intracerebral hemorrhage. (3/3145)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Enhanced thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis has previously been reported in the acute phase after ischemic stroke. We investigated whether enhanced urinary excretion of 11-dehydro-TXB2, a noninvasive index of platelet activation, was present in the chronic phase after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, including intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: We obtained a single urinary sample from 92 patients between 3 and 9 months after onset of stroke or TIA. The urinary excretion of the major enzymatic metabolite of TXA2, 11-dehydro-TXB2, was measured by a previously validated radioimmunoassay. The excretion rates were compared with those of 20 control patients with nonvascular neurological diseases. RESULTS: Urinary 11-dehydro-TXB2 averaged 294+/-139, 413+/-419, and 557+/-432 pmol/mmol creatinine for patients with TIA, ischemic stroke, and intracerebral hemorrhage, respectively; the values were higher in all subgroups (P<0.01) than that in control patients (119+/-66 pmol/mmol). Increased 11-dehydro-TXB2 excretion was present in 59% of all patients, in 60% (P<0.001) of patients with TIA, in 56% (P<0.001) of patients with ischemic stroke, and in 73% (P<0.001) of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Atrial fibrillation, no aspirin use, and severity of symptoms at follow-up contributed independently to the level of 11-dehydro-TXB2 excretion in a multiple linear regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Platelet activation is often present in patients in the chronic phase after stroke, including those with intracerebral hemorrhage. Persistent platelet activation, which is associated with atrial fibrillation and poor stroke outcome, can be substantially suppressed by aspirin treatment.  (+info)

Intensive care management of stroke patients. (4/3145)

Two hundred eighty patients were admitted to an intensive care stroke unit over a one-year period. Subsequent investigation indicated that only 199 of these patients actually had cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, 10 had other cerebrovascular lesions, and the remaining 71 patients had unrelated diseases, predominantly seizures. Detailed analysis of 103 stroke patients revealed an overall incidence of 59% hypertension, and 72% had hypertensive, ischemic or valvular heart disease. Fifty percent of the patients had various cardiac arrhythmias, some of which were responsible for the acute cerebrovascular lesion. Fourteen patients died during the acute phase, 11 from apparently irreversible cerebral selling, mainly due to cerebral hemorrhage. Secondary complications such as pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, pressure sores and urinary infection were almost nonexistent, but beneficial effects on the primary cerebral lesions were more difficult to demonstrate.  (+info)

A prospective study of cerebrovascular disease in Japanese rural communities, Akabane and Asahi. Part 1: evaluation of risk factors in the occurrence of cerebral hemorrhage and thrombosis. (5/3145)

An epidemiological study of cerebrovascular disease in Akabane and Asahi, Japan, was made. (These cities are located near Nagoy, Japan.) The study population included 4,737 men and women aged 40 to 79 at the time of entry into the study. There were 4,186 persons who were examined and, of these, 264 cases of cerebrovascular attacks were observed between 1964 and 1970. The incidence rate of stroke in those persons not responding to the survey was 15.9 times higher than in those persons examined according to person-year observation in Akabane. The risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage and thrombosis were evaluated by age-adjusted and sex-adjusted relative risks. The predisposing factors to cerebral hemorrhage appeared to be high blood pressure, high left R wave, ST depression, T abnormality, capillary fragility counts, previous medical history of stroke and albuminuria. For cerebral thrombosis, the predisposing factors appeared to be high blood pressure, ST depression and funduscopic sclerotic findings, and those factors assumed to be significant were glycosuria and smoking habits. Ocular funduscopic abnormality was the most prominent risk factor for cerebral thrombosis, while high blood pressure and ECG abnormalities were highly related to cerebral hemorrhage. It was suggested that those subjects with a relatively higher blood pressure may have a higher relative risk of cerebral hemorrhage than those with a lower (normal range) blood pressure. A previous or family history of stroke also appeared significantly related to cerebral hemorrhage.  (+info)

Primary non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. A municipal emergency hospital viewpoint. (6/3145)

The devastating natural history of 138 consecutive admissions for non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage to a major emergency care municipal hospital is reviewed. Sixty-four percent of the patients had demonstrable intracranial hematomas while 36% had mainly subarachnoid hemorrhage. Hypertension was a related condition in 43% of the parenchymal hematoma patients, while proved aneurysms accounted for 74% of the subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. There was only a 14% survivorship for patients requiring emergent surgery. All operated hematoma patients survived delayed surgery with improved level of responsiveness. The overall mortality was 74% for intracranial hematoma patients and 58% for aneurysm-caused subarachnoid hemorrhage patients.  (+info)

Angiographical extravasation of contrast medium in hemorrhagic infarction. Case report. (7/3145)

Leakage of the contrast medium was noted on angiograms of a patient whose autopsied brain disclosed typical pathological findings of hemorrhagic infarction. The case was a 63-year old woman with mitral valve failure, who suddenly had loss of consciousness and right-sided hemiplegia. The left carotid angiography performed six hours after onset demonstrated middle cerebral arterial axis occlusion, and the second angiography performed three days after onset displayed recanalization of the initially occluded artery as well as extravasation of the contrast medium. Fourteen days after onset the patient died and an autopsy was performed. The brain demonstrated perivascular punctate hemorrhages in the area supplied by the middle cerebral artery, and neither hematoma nor microaneurysm was disclosed pathologically. A short discussion is given on the possible relationship between recanalization and hemorrhagic infarction. The clinical assessment of hemorrhagic infarction has not been established successfully.  (+info)

Pure apraxic agraphia with abnormal writing stroke sequences: report of a Japanese patient with a left superior parietal haemorrhage. (8/3145)

A 67 year old Japanese male patient had pure agraphia after a haemorrhage in the left superior parietal lobule. He developed difficulty in letter formation but showed no linguistic errors, consistent with the criteria of apraxic agraphia. He manifested a selective disorder of sequencing writing strokes, although he was able to orally state the correct sequences. The patient's complete recovery after 1 month, without new learning, showed that he had manifested a selective disorder of writing stroke sequences. These findings indicate that the final stage of the execution of writing according to acquired sequential memory shown as a stroke sequence can be selectively disturbed, and should be considered to be distinct from the ability of character imagery and the knowledge of the writing stroke sequence itself. This case also indicates that the left superior parietal lobule plays an important part in the execution of writing.  (+info)

Background: Current American Heart Association guidelines for targeted blood pressure management in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), published in 2010, suggest a target mean arterial pressure of less than 110 or a blood pressure of less than 160/90 in patients without elevated intracranial pressure. These guidelines acknowledge that these recommendations have been based on incomplete efficacy evidence. A lower level recommendation was given for reducing target blood pressure to a systolic of 140, based on the INTERACT trial published in 2008. The INTERACT2 trial, published in May 2013, has been interpreted to establish the safety of rapid blood pressure lowering to 140 systolic.. Purpose: To determine the current level of adoption by stroke centers of lower targets for blood pressure in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, and whether these targets have changed in 2013.. Methods: We developed a web-based survey that was distributed via email and professional groups to ...
Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage: a clinical review.: This article provides a clinical overview of spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage, focusing on clini
TY - JOUR. T1 - Platelet Count and Function in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. AU - Ziai, Wendy C.. AU - Torbey, Michel T.. AU - Kickler, Thomas S.. AU - Oh, Sangjin. AU - Bhardwaj, Anish. AU - Wityk, Robert J.. PY - 2003/7. Y1 - 2003/7. N2 - Impaired platelet function has been associated with an increased propensity for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The role of platelet count and dysfunction in spontaneous ICH (SICH) is poorly understood. We tested the hypotheses that patients with SICH have subtle platelet dysfunction associated with ICH progression and larger ICH size. In a retrospective case series, we compared platelet counts in patients with SICH with age-matched controls with neuromuscular disorders admitted to a Neurosciences Critical Care Unit (NCCU). In a subset of patients, platelet function was measured within one week of ICH. Computerized tomography (CT) scans were performed within 24 hours of the event and ICH volume determined by the ABC/2 method. Comparison of 43 patients ...
Background and rationale Acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) results from rupture of cerebral vasculature leading to bleeding into the cerebral parenchyma. ICH represents 10-50% of stroke, depending on the population studied, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and has limited treatment options. The INTERACT2 trial was designed to assess the role of blood pressure lowering therapy in intracerebral haemorrhage. Guideline therapy (target systolic blood pressure [SBP] ,180 mmHg) was compared against intensive lowering (SBP ,140 mmHg). The outcomes assessed in this trial were death or major disability (according to the modified Rankin scale at 90 days) following ICH. Hyperglycaemia has been widely studied in acute illnesses as myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke, traumatic brain injury and ICH, and is associated with adverse outcomes. The incidence of hyperglycaemia in the acute phase is due to a combination of factors: diabetic pathophysiology and stress hyperglycaemia. ...
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute hypertensive response, defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140 mmHg or more within 24 h of onset, is frequently observed in hemorrhagic stroke patients. Although catecholamine surge is pivotal in its pathogenesis, few studies have evaluated the relationship between admission SBP and plasma catecholamine levels.. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out to investigate potential differences in the acute hypertensive reaction between subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) by analyzing 200 SAH and 200 SICH patients. In each category, patients were quadrichotomized on the basis of their SBPs in emergency department: less than 140 mmHg, 140-184 mmHg, 185-219 mmHg, and 220 mmHg or more. The plasma catecholamine levels were compared among the four groups. Furthermore, multivariate regression analyses were carried out to identify variables correlated with hypertensive emergency (SBP≥185 ...
Twenty-two patients who had evidence of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in brain computerized tomographic(CT) scan specially with small vascular malformations who were angiographically verified and unknown causes, were reviewed. The majority of patients were in first and second decades of life. The duration of symptoms from onset to admission showed relatively short in verified cases and even distributed from 1 day to 1 month in unknown cases. The most common presenting symptoms and signs were headache and papilledema in unknown cases. In brain CT scan, variable findings were seen as hematoma with surrounding eidence of vascular anomaly, hematoma only and blood-fluid level in verified cases, and tumor-like findings in unknown cases. The most common site of hematoma were parietal and occipital lobes in verified cases and were parietal and infratentorial area in unknown cases. The results achieved with excision of these cases were good. These small vascular malformations require special ...
Of the three stroke subtypes, spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has the highest death rate and the poorest prognosis in survivors. Indeed, half of ICH patients die and only 10-20 % return to...
Introduction Measuring magnetic induction phase shift (MIPS) changes as a function of cerebral hemorrhage volume has the potential for being a simple method for primary and non-contact detection of the occurrence and progress of cerebral hemorrhage. Our previous MIPS study showed that the intracranial pressure (ICP) was used as a contrast index and found the primary correlation between MIPS and ICP. Materials and Methods In this study,we theoretically deduced the approximate relationship between MIPS and ICP and carried out a comparison study between MIPS and ICP on cerebral hemorrhage in rabbits in this study. Acute cerebral hemorrhage was induced by injecting autologous blood (3 to 6mL) into the brain of rabbits in the experimental group (n=7). Results The animal experiment results showed that the MIPS decreased significantly as a function of injection volume in the experimental group and the changes of ICP and MIPS of rabbits from experimental group presented a negative correlation. We also found
Computed tomography (CT) is the most common imaging method used to investigate stroke. It demonstrates haemorrhage accurately immediately after the stroke1 but as the haematoma is broken down, the characteristic hyperdensity on CT disappears, becoming indistinguishable from infarction. This has been reported to occur by 14 days for moderately sized lesions,2 and possibly sooner for smaller haemorrhages.3. Primary intracerebral haemorrhage is thought to cause more severe stroke symptoms than an infarct of the same size,4,5 and so primary intracerebral haemorrhage is considered to be a less frequent cause of mild than severe stroke. However, it is possible that this apparently low incidence is an artefact caused by the misclassification of mild stroke resulting from primary intracerebral haemorrhage as ischaemic stroke because of delay in CT scanning in epidemiological studies.6 The actual proportion of primary intracerebral haemorrhages among mild strokes is unknown. Thus there is no information ...
Details of the image Grade IV germinal matrix haemorrahge with intraventricular extension and hydrocephalus Modality: MRI (FLAIR)
Details of the image Grade IV germinal matrix haemorrahge with intraventricular extension and hydrocephalus Modality: MRI (DWI)
Varol and Ozaydin1 raise an important question about the effects of antihypertensive drugs and statins on arterial stiffness. In fact, antihypertensive drugs reduce large arterial stiffness, partly independently of blood pressure reduction, suggesting specific pharmacological effects on arterial remodeling.2 Furthermore, statins and other cholesterol-reducing agents have been shown to have beneficial effects on wave reflection and aortic stiffness reduction in several patient groups.3 In our study,4 25 out of 39 hypertensive patients with deep intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and 11 out of 15 hypertensive patients with lobar ICH received antihypertensive drugs, whereas 4 patients with deep ICH and 3 with lobar ICH received statins (Table 1). Fisher test showed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to patients treated with antihypertensive drugs (P=1, not significant) and with statins (P=0.41, not significant), confirming our hypothesis that arterial stiffness may play a key ...
The epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) urinary excretion before and after a mild "emotional stimulus" (ES) was determined in 22 patients with cerebral infarction and 30 patients with cerebral hemorrhage, as well as in 18 normotensive and 18 hypertensive controls. In patients with cerebral infarction, the majority normotensive, the "emotional stimulus" induced a significant increase in NE excretion, but non-significant alterations in E excretion. Similar changes were noted in normotensive controls. In patients with cerebral hemorrhage, almost all hypertensive, and in hypertensive controls, ES brought about a consistent rise in E excretion without influencing significantly the NE excretion. The presence of a constant increase in E excretion after a mild emotion not only in patients with cerebral hemorrhage but also in subjects with uncomplicated essential hypertension, suggests that the E release found in patients with cerebral hemorrhage is related to the hypertensive state pre-existing the ...
Second time brain hemorrhage - MedHelps Second time brain hemorrhage Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Second time brain hemorrhage. Find Second time brain hemorrhage information, treatments for Second time brain hemorrhage and Second time brain hemorrhage symptoms.
Background and purpose The pathogenesis of brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage is thought to be due to mechanical damage followed by ischemic, cytotoxic, and inflammatory changes in the underlying and surrounding tissue. In recent years, there has been a greater research interest into the various inflammatory biomarkers and growth factors that are secreted during intracerebral hemorrhage. The biomarkers investigated in this study are tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine (Hcy), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The aim of this study was to further investigate the effects of these biomarkers in predicting the acute severity outcome of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with spontaneous ICH with TNF alpha, CRP, VEGF, and Hcy levels drawn on admission. Forty-two patients with spontaneous ICH with at least one of the above labs were included in the study. Primary outcomes
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) is one form of intracerebral bleeding in which there is bleeding within brain parenchyma. The other form is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Intraparenchymal hemorrhage accounts for approx. 8-13% of all strokes and results from a wide spectrum of disorders. It is more likely to result in death or major disability than ischemic stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage, and therefore constitutes an immediate medical emergency. Intracerebral hemorrhages and accompanying edema may disrupt or compress adjacent brain tissue, leading to neurological dysfunction. Substantial displacement of brain parenchyma may cause elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) and potentially fatal herniation syndromes. Clinical manifestations of intraparenchymal hemorrhage are determined by the size and location of hemorrhage, but may include the following: Hypertension, fever, or cardiac arrhythmias Nuchal rigidity Subhyaloid retinal hemorrhages Altered level of consciousness Anisocoria, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Thermo-sensitive assembly of the biomaterial REP reduces hematoma volume following collagenase-induced intracerebral hemorrhage in rats. AU - Park, Joohyun. AU - Kim, Jong Youl. AU - Choi, Seong Kyoon. AU - Kim, Jae Young. AU - Kim, Jae Hwan. AU - Jeon, Won Bae. AU - Lee, Jong Eun. PY - 2017/8. Y1 - 2017/8. N2 - Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) frequently results in severe disabilities and high mortality. RGD-containing elastin-like polypeptide (REP), a modified elastin-like polypeptide (ELP), is a thermally responsive biopolymer. REP has high affinity for cells and is known to show non-immunotoxicity, -cytotoxicity, and -inflammatory responses. Here we found that administration of REP in the acute phase of the ICH rat model reduced the hematoma volume, decreased the number of activated microglia, attenuated the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF), and prevented the leakage of immunoglobulin G (IgG) into the cerebral parenchyma without any occlusion of intact microvessels. ...
A 4-year-old previously healthy boy presented with a non-traumatic right parietal hemorrhage. A second life-threatening left cerebral hemorrhage occurred three weeks later and was decompressed with a craniotomy. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a hypermobile elongated tumor of the mitral valve. The cardiac tumor was successfully resected three weeks after the craniotomy. Histological examination of the cardiac tumor revealed a papillary lesion of spindle cells with smooth muscle cell differentiation. In view of the histological findings and the clinical symptoms, a cellular myofibroblastic tumor was considered the most likely diagnosis in our patient. Although a cardiac tumor is a rare cause of a cerebral hemorrhage, a cardiac evaluation is recommended in pediatric patients with a cerebral hemorrhage of unknown etiology ...
Authors: Beslow LA, Abend NS, Gindville MC, Bastian RA, Licht DJ, Smith SE, Hillis AE, Ichord RN, Jordan LC.. IMPORTANCE Seizures are believed to be common presenting symptoms in neonates and children with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, few data are available on the epidemiology of acute symptomatic seizures or the risk for later epilepsy. OBJECTIVE To define the incidence of and explore risk factors for seizures and epilepsy in children with spontaneous ICH. Our a priori hypotheses were that younger age at presentation, cortical involvement of ICH, acute symptomatic seizures after presentation, ICH due to vascular malformation, and elevated intracranial pressure requiring urgent intervention would predict remote symptomatic seizures and epilepsy. DESIGN Prospective cohort study conducted between March 1, 2007, and January 1, 2012. SETTING Three tertiary care pediatric hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-three pediatric subjects with spontaneous ICH including 20 perinatal ...
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The use of Minimally Invasive Parafascicular Surgery (MIPS) techniques for removal of traumatic hematoma is encouraging, innovative and promising. Those are the insights from Julian Bailes, MD, Chair of the Joint Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care for the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS), following the evidence highlighted in two abstracts on the subject at the recent AANS Annual Scientific Meeting.. Results from the 10-patient multi-center study, led by Jefferson Chen, MD, PhD, from the University of California Irvine, concluded that techniques using Minimally Invasive Parafascicular Surgery (MIPS) "may be used effectively and safely to remove deep subcortical hemorrhages" and "may improve the patients hospital course and ultimate neurological outcome". Technologies used in the MIPS approach include the NICO BrainPathâ for subcortical access and Myriadâ for hemorrhage evacuation.. "This is the first multi-center experience ...
Background There is much uncertainty about the effects of early lowering of elevated blood pressure (BP) after acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Our aim was to assess the safety and efficiency of this treatment, as a run-in phase to a larger trial.. Methods Patients who had acute spontaneous ICH diagnosed by CT within 6 h of onset, elevated systolic BP (150-220 mm Hg), and no definite indication or contraindication to treatment were randomly assigned to early intensive lowering of BP (target systolic BP 140 mm Hg; n=203) or standard guideline-based management of BP (target systolic BP 180 mm Hg; n=201). The primary efficacy endpoint was proportional change in haematoma volume at 24 h; secondary efficacy outcomes included other measurements of haematoma volume. Safety and clinical outcomes were assessed for up to 90 days. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00226096.. Findings Baseline characteristics of patients were similar ...
Few animal models of stroke have created haematomas that mimic the processes seen in humans. We developed a new model of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in rats by inducing acute-on-chronic hypertension that more closely mimics the human condition than existing models. We also examined profiles of ICH development in the genetically hypertensive Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat and in normotensive rats made hypertensive by induction of renal disease via renal artery obstruction or kidney resection ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) causes 10% to 15% of first-ever strokes, with a 30-day mortality rate of 35% to 52% with only 20% expected to be functionally independent at 6 months. No medical or surgical interventions have been found to alter the natural evolution of this disease. The high risk for mortality and poor outcomes seems to occur despite relatively small hematoma volumes and small amounts of neuronal tissue at risk for injury. The reasons for this observation remain unknown; however perihematomal edema formation and inflammation that follows ICH seems to play an important role.. The Simvastatin for Intracerebral Hemorrhage Study is a prospective double blinded placebo controlled randomized (1:1) clinical trial that compares outcomes in patients receiving generic simvastatin 80 mg for 14 days or until death or discharge with patients in the placebo group.. The hypothesis for our study is that statins ameliorate perihematomal edema evolution thereby reducing mortality and improving ...
Looking for hemorrhagic infarct? Find out information about hemorrhagic infarct. Localized death of tissue that is caused by obstructed inflow of arterial blood. Also known as infarction. a focus of organ or tissue necrosis resulting... Explanation of hemorrhagic infarct
Brain Hemorrhage Pipeline Review, H1 2012, provides an overview of the Brain Hemorrhage therapeutic pipeline. This report provides information on the therapeutic development for Brain Hemorrhage, complete with latest updates, and special features on late-stage and discontinued projects. It also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for Brain Hemorrhage. Brain Hemorrhage - Pipeline Review, H1 2012 is built using data and information sourced from Global Markets Directs proprietary databases, Company/University websites, SEC filings, investor presentations and featured press releases from company/university sites and industry-specific third party sources, put together by Global Markets Directs team ...
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METHODS: The study comprised 271 patients admitted to Carlos Haya University Hospital in Malaga with GM hemorrhage. The following data were recorded: gestational age, gender, twin birth, head circumference at birth, weight at birth, and Papile grade. Severe obstetrical (abruption, chorioamnionitis, pregnancy-induced hypertension, tocolytic treatment) and neonatal disorders (respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal infection, coagulation disorder, patent ductus arteriosus, necrotizing enterocolitis) were also recorded. Symptomatic hydrocephalus was diagnosed in the event of a progressive increase in head circumference and ventricular indices requiring shunting ...
The overall objective of this Phase III clinical trial is to obtain information from a population of 500 ICH subjects with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), representative of current clinical practice and national demographics of ICH regarding the benefit (or lack thereof) of IVH clot removal on subject function as measured by modified Rankin Scale (mRS). This application requests funding for five years to initiate a Phase III randomized clinical trial (RCT) testing the benefit of clot removal for intraventricular hemorrhage. The investigators propose to compare extraventricular drainage (EVD) use plus recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; Alteplase; Genentech, Inc., San Francisco, CA) with EVD+ placebo in the management and treatment of subjects with small intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and large intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH defined as ICH , 30 cc and obstruction of the 3rd or 4th ventricles by intraventricular blood clot ...
The overall objective of this Phase III clinical trial is to obtain information from a population of 500 ICH subjects with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), representative of current clinical practice and national demographics of ICH regarding the benefit (or lack thereof) of IVH clot removal on subject function as measured by modified Rankin Scale (mRS). This application requests funding for five years to initiate a Phase III randomized clinical trial (RCT) testing the benefit of clot removal for intraventricular hemorrhage. The investigators propose to compare extraventricular drainage (EVD) use plus recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; Alteplase; Genentech, Inc., San Francisco, CA and Boehringer Ingelheim, Inc., Ingelheim, Germany) with EVD+ placebo in the management and treatment of subjects with small intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and large intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH defined as ICH < 30 cc and obstruction of the 3rd or 4th ventricles by intraventricular blood ...
The recently published second Surgical Trial in Intracerebral Haemorrhage (STICH-2) tested whether surgical evacuation of superficial spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage was effective at reducing death and disability at 6 months after onset. Participants were randomised to a policy of early surgical intervention or initial medical management alone within 48 hours of symptom onset. After enrolling 601 patients across 78 centres in 27 countries, intention to treat analysis showed no difference in outcome. Time to intervention was a median of 26 hours after symptom onset in the surgical arm, and craniotomy accounted for 98% of all surgical procedures. The interpretation of the overall neutral result is confounded by a high proportion of crossovers from the medical management arm of the study, predominantly of more severely affected patients. Further analysis may clarify whether decompressive surgery late after superficial intracerebral haemorrhage has any role in management. ...
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Author(s): J Puig, G Blasco, M Terceño, P Daunis-i-Estadella, G Schlaug, M Hernandez-Perez, V Cuba, G Carbó, J Serena, M Essig, CR Figley, K Nael, C Leiva-Salinas, S Pedraza, and Y Silva. American Journal of Neuroradiology 40(5): 769-775 External link ...
Results Of 323 patients with ICH, 172 (53%) survived after 1 year, 127 (39%) after 5 years and 57 (18%) after 13 years. Mortality of the 172, 1 year survivors (mean age 67.7 years at ICH) persistently exceeded expected mortality; 13 years post ictus survival was only 34% compared with 61% in the general population. Of 115 deaths among the 172, 1 year survivors, 36% were from cerebrovascular disease and 19% from ischaemic heart disease. Independent risk factors for death among 1 year survivors were age (HR 1.08 per year; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.10; p,0.001), diabetes mellitus at baseline (HR 2.10; 95% CI 1.18 to 3.74; p=0.012) and anticoagulant therapy (HR 1.99; 95% CI 1.12 to 3.53; p=0.018) at ICH onset.. ...
Image-guided endoscopic evacuation of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage.. Surg Neurol. 2008 May;69(5):441-6. Authors: Miller CM, Vespa P, Saver JL, Kidwell CS, Carmichael ST, Alger J, Frazee J, Starkman S, Liebeskind D, Nenov V, Elashoff R, Martin N. BACKGROUND: Spontaneous ICH is a devastating disease with high morbidity and mortality. Intracerebral hemorrhage lacks an effective medical or surgical treatment despite the acknowledged pathophysiologic benefits of achieved hemostasis and clot removal. Image-guided stereotactic endoscopic hematoma evacuation is a promising minimally invasive approach designed to limit operative injury and maximize hematoma removal. METHODS: A single-center randomized controlled trial was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of stereotactic hematoma evacuation compared to best medical management. Patients were randomized within 24 hours of hemorrhage in a 3:2 fashion to best medical management plus endoscopic hematoma evacuation or best medical management ...
The mechanism for hemorrhage enlargement in the brain, a key determinant of patient outcome following hemorrhagic stroke, is unknown. We performed computer-based stochastic simulation of one proposed mechanism, in which hemorrhages grow in "domino" fashion via secondary shearing of neighboring vessel segments. Hemorrhages were simulated by creating an initial site of primary bleeding and an associated risk of secondary rupture at adjacent sites that decayed over time. Under particular combinations of parameters for likelihood of secondary rupture and time-dependent decay, a subset of lesions expanded, creating a bimodal distribution of microbleeds and macrobleeds. Systematic variation of the model to simulate anticoagulation yielded increases in both macrobleed occurrence (26.9%, 53.2%, and 70.0% of all hemorrhagic events under conditions simulating no, low-level, and high-level anticoagulation) and final hemorrhage size (median volumes 111, 276, and 412 under the same three conditions), ...
|i|Background:|/i| We recently demonstrated that recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) given to patients presenting within 3 h of acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) reduc
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a type of stroke caused by bleeding within the brain tissue itself - a very life-threatening situation. A stroke occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen due to an interruption of its blood supply. ICH is most commonly caused by hypertension, arteriovenous malformations, or head trauma. Treatment focuses on stopping the bleeding, removing the blood clot (hematoma), and relieving the pressure on the brain.. Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH).pdf. ...
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Does intensive blood pressure control improve outcomes and reduce hematoma expansion in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)? The INTERACT-2 trial previously compared intensive vs. conservative blood pressure control in ICH patients and found no difference in death or disability between the two groups. Enter the ATACH-2 trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine September 15,…
An intracranial hemorrhage is the accumulation of blood anywhere within the cranial vault. A cerebral hemorrhage is bleeding within the brain tissue. Causes: A cerebral hemorrhage can be due to either A. Intraparenchymal hemorrhage B. Intraventricular hemorrhage(blood in the ventricular system). C. Extradural hemorrhage (An extradural hemorrhage is bleeding between the inside of the skull and the outer covering of the brain) D. Subdural hemorrhage: ( is a type of hematoma, usually associated with traumatic brain injury. Blood gathers between the dura mater, and the brain) E. Sub Arachinoid hemorrhage: (is bleeding into the subarachnoid space-the area between thearachnoid membrane and the pia mater surrounding the brain. This may occur spontaneously, usually from a ruptured cerebral aneurysm, or may result fromhead injury.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine baseline factors associated with HRQoL among participants of the pilot and main phases of the Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trials (INTERACT 1 and 2). METHODS: The INTERACT studies were randomised controlled trials of early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering in patients with ICH (,6 hours) and elevated systolic BP (150-220 mm Hg). HRQoL was determined using the European Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) at 90 days, completed by patients or proxy responders. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with poor overall HRQoL. RESULTS: 2756 patients were included. Demographic, clinical and radiological factors associated with lower EQ-5D utility score were age, randomisation outside of China, antithrombotic use, high baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage is a severe condition requiring prompt medical attention. Treatment goals include lifesaving interventions, supportive measures, and control of symptoms. Treatment depends on the location, extent, and cause of the bleeding. Often, treatment cannot reverse the damage that has been done. A craniotomy is sometimes done to remove blood, abnormal blood vessels, or a tumor. Medications may be used to reduce swelling, prevent seizures, lower blood pressure, and control pain. ...
This study showed that the subjective evaluation of swirl sign on non-enhanced CT is a reliable method. Swirl sign was found in 30% of our study population of 203 patients with ICH. Already in 1976, New et al. studied the CT attenuation of different blood components and concluded that extravasated blood may have attenuation levels within the range of attenuation of normal brain and an acute intraaxial haemorrhage might appear less dense than the brain [19]. Swirl sign was reported among 58% (26 out of 45) patients with of epidural hematomas and upon surgical exploration of 25 patients, 23 patients (92%) showed evidence of active bleeding [8].. Barras et al. [20] studied the shape and the density of ICHs and showed that large ICHs were significantly more irregular in shape, heterogeneous in density, and had greater growth. They concluded that density heterogeneity independently predicted ICH growth. Density heterogeneity in that study correspond what Zimmerman et al. [8] and we in this study call ...
Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage (ATACH-ll): A Phase III Randomized Multicenter Clinical Trial of Blood Pressure Reduction ...
Dr. Shlomo Mor-Yosef, director of Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem, said Sharon suffered "a significant stroke," adding that he was "under anesthetic and receiving breathing assistance." A few minutes later, Mor-Yosef emerged to say that initial tests showed Sharon had suffered a cerebral hemorrhage, or bleeding in his brain. ...
VICTOR J. DOWLIIqG, JURIST, DIES AT 67; Former Presiding Justice of Appellate Division Victim of Cerebral Hemorrhage. it ONOREB BY TWO POPES Srved in State Assembly and Senate -- Devoted Most of life to the Bench ...
Brain Haemorrhage and High Blood Pressure, high Blood pressure has many serious complications including life threatening brain haemorrhage. You should take your medicine regularly to prevent yourself from any such complication.
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that diabetes is an independent determinant of outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based prospective study The setting was an acute care 350-bed hospital in the city of Barcelona, Spain. Spontaneous ICH was diagnosed in 229 (11%) of 2,000 consecutive stroke patients included in a prospective stroke registry during a 10-year period. Main outcome measures were frequency of demographic variables, risk factors, clinical events, neuroimaging data, and outcome in ICH patients with and without diabetes. Variables related to vital status at discharge (alive or dead) in the univariate analysis plus age were studied in 4 logistical regression models. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (15.3%) had diabetes. The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 54.3% in the diabetic group and 26.3% in the nondiabetic group (P , 0.001). Previous cerebral infarction, altered consciousness, sensory symptoms, cranial nerve palsy, ...
An intracerebral hemorrhage (hemorrhagic stroke) is an extreme medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. A neurosurgeon with advanced training and years of experience with acute stroke and other cerebrovascular conditions will evaluate a patient to determine whether surgery is the best course of treatment. That decision will depend on the age and overall health of the patient, the degree of brain damage and neurological deficit that has already occurred, and the location of the hemorrhage and hematoma.
Complications after a brain hemorrhage,Brain hemorrhage is alternatively known as brain bleeding .The brain is enclosed inside of the skull.
The treatment and management of patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding. Basic life support, as well as control of bleeding, seizures, blood pres... more
Nagel S, Herweh C, Köhrmann M, Huttner HB, Poli S, Hartmann M, Hähnel S, Steiner T, Ringleb P, Hacke W. MRI in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion - DWI lesion scoring is an independent predictor of outcome. Int J Stroke. 2012 Jun;7(4):282-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2011.00705.x. Epub 2011 Dec 8. PubMed PMID: 22151607. Sykora M, Steiner T, Poli S, Rocco A, Turcani P, Diedler J. Autonomic effects of intraventricular extension in intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2012 Feb;16(1):102-8. doi: 10.1007/s12028-011-9637-1. PubMed PMID: 21976258. Sykora M, Diedler J, Poli S, Rizos T, Kellert L, Turcani P, Steiner T. Association of non-diabetic hyperglycemia with autonomic shift in acute ischaemic stroke. Eur J Neurol. 2012 Jan;19(1):84-90. doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03438.x. Epub 2011 May 25. PubMed PMID: 21615627. Ferro JM, Crassard I, Coutinho JM, Canhão P, Barinagarrementeria F, Cucchiara B, Derex L, Lichy C, Masjuan J, Massaro A, Matamala G, Poli S, Saadatnia M, Stolz E, ...
Irvine, Calif.- A small amount of bleeding in the brain seems to be common among older individuals, according to a UC Irvine study. Neurologist Dr. Mark Fisher and neuropathologist Dr. Ronald Kim found that cerebral microbleeds are highly prevalent in the aging brain - and not primarily products of stroke-related injury, hypertension or neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimers, as had been thought. "Prior work relied on brain imaging to show cerebral microbleeds," Fisher said. "But in this study, deep regions of the brain were closely examined under a microscope, and nearly all subjects had evidence of small areas of bleeding." Results appear online in the journal Stroke . Fisher, Kim and colleagues at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center studied postmortem brain specimens from 33 individuals, ranging in age from 71 to 105, with no history of stroke. Cerebral microbleeds were identified in 22 cases - all occurring in capillaries, the small blood vessels of the brain. This is a substantially higher ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is when blood suddenly bursts into brain tissue, causing damage to the brain. Symptoms usually appear suddenly during ICH.
The study hypothesized that administration of Deproteinised Calf Blood Serum Injection would alleviate PHE and secondary brain injury, thus improving clinical outcomes in patients with ICH. The investigators will enroll 60 acute supratentorial ICH patients. Patients will be assigned randomly to receive either Deproteinised Calf Blood Serum Injection or placebo treatment, which is blinded to evaluator and patients. All patients in the study will receive standard care treatment and clinical, diagnostic, laboratory, safety, and follow-up evaluations. Blood will be drawn and brain MRI will be done in different time course. Follow-up evaluations, including National Institute of Health stroke scale(NIHSS), Stroke impact scale , Glasgow Coma Scale ,Barthel index score and modified Rankin scale assessments, will be done periodically until 90 days after onset. ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most devastating subtype of stroke with high mortality rates, and profound morbidity and disability. The mechanisms leadin...
Health, ...An international trial has provided surgeons with a formula which pred...Brain haemorrhage affects some 4 million patients a year worldwide and...David Mendelow Professor of Neurosurgery at Newcastle University and ...Professor Mendelow said: This study gives hope to patients at the tim...,Brain,haemorrhage,patients,offered,better,treatment,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are defined as small, rounded, or ovoid, homogeneous hypointense lesions on T2*-weighted gradient-echo and other susceptibility-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) s
For the families of intracerebral hemorrhage victims, the following scenario will sound familiar, almost like a dramatic scene from a TV movie. It begins a
Drinking three or more alcoholic beverages a day may raise the risk for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage at a much younger age than typical, researchers found.
Subependymal cysts are secondary to brain germinal matrix hemorrhage or infarction and are associated with fetal chromosomal and metabolic conditions, as well as infections. They are found in 1-3% of neonates in the first days of life and have been d
ICH accounts for approximately 10-20% of all strokes [8,9] 8-15% in western countries like USA, UK and Australia [10,11], and 18-24% in Japan [12] and Korea [4]. The incidence of ICH is substantially variable across countries and ethnicities. The incidence rates of primary ICH in low- and middle-income countries were twice the rates in high-income countries (22 vs. 10 per 100,000 person-years) in 2000-2008 [8]. In a systematic review of 36 population-based epidemiological studies, the incidence rate of ICH per 100,000 person-years was 51.8 in Asians, 24.2 in Whites, 22.9 in Blacks, and 19.6 in Hispanics [13]. In a population-based US study identifying 1,038 patients who were hospitalized for ICH, American black people had a higher incidence of ICH compared to white people; per 100,000 person-years, 48.9 vs. 26.6 [14].. The incidence of ICH increases with advanced age [15]. A recent inpatient database study from the Netherlands based on retrospective cohort study reported that the incidence of ...
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Brain haemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain (side view) of a 63 year old man. The light patch at the level of the brainstem (lower centre) shows that there is a subacute brainstem haemorrhage, which is an early-stage, slow-progressing bleed. This is likely a result of this patients chronic hypertension (high blood pressure). Surgery to stop the bleeding is urgent in these cases. If untreated, severe brain damage and death can occur. - Stock Image C021/2543
Blood Clot in The Brain or Brain Haemorrhage What is cerebral thrombosis or a stroke? An ischemic stroke is the most common cause of stroke (stroke). Clot stops the blood and oxygen supply to the brain cells in the blood vessel supply area, and can cause sudden onset, unilateral paralysis and sensory disturbances.
Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the least treatable forms of stroke, and it primarily affects patients with hypertension. Continued bleeding is thought to occur in many patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (1), and the condition is associated with neurologic deterioration and high mortality rates. Administering early hemostatic therapy to patients with intracerebral hemorrhage in the emergency department might improve outcomes by stopping ongoing bleeding and minimizing increases in the volume of the hematoma ...
Bret Michaels, best known as the lead singer of 80s band Poison and the prize on VH1s Rock of Love dating show, suffered a brain hemorrhage on Thursday and is currently in critical condition at an undisclosed location.
The most common cause of Subarachnoid Brain Hemorrhage is a head injury. It may also occur spontaneously due to a ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Know the Causes, Symptoms, Treatment-CT Scan, MRI, Surgery.
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2011- ല്‍ ആയിരുന്നു ആ തലവേദന. വാലന്റൈന്‍സ് ഡേയുടെ തൊട്ടു തലേദിവസം. ഗെയിം ഓഫ് ത്രോണ്‍സ് ടെലിവിഷന്‍ പരമ്പരയുടെ ആദ്യസിരീസ് പൂര്‍ത്തിയാക്കി എമിലിയ.brain hemorrhage. Emilia Clarke. Game of Thrones. Inspiration. Same You. Brain Injury.Women Employment. Career for Women. Manorama Online
The Formula 1 top legend Michael Schumacher now in a critical condition following a skiing accident, the British media reporting, quoting the French hospital hes now in. F1 seven-time world champion suffered serious brain haemorrhage (bleeding) was in a coma on arrival and undergoes a brain operation. Mr Schumacher w
An elderly man died from a brain haemorrhage after being given the wrong medication and an elderly woman was diagnosed with diabetes after her doctor failed
Time is the biggest factor in brain hemorrhage treatment A life can be saved only when the patient gets help on time It is a serious medical condition because, Hospitals, Clinics New Delhi
According to researchers in UK inserting a coil into a weakened blood vessel offers a survival benefit over surgery in brain haemorrhage. The death
A Singaporean womans death has been blamed on karaoke singing. Model Karen Stella Wong collapsed and died after singing high notes on a karaoke, leading to brain hemorrhage.
New Delhi: Former defence minister A K Antony suffered a minor brain haemorrhage and was admitted to Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in New Delhi, a senior doctor of the hospital said. He was admi
Stevie Nicks recently revealed that she gave up cocaine in the 80s because a doctor told her if she didnt, she could have a brain hemorrhage. Is
When singer Shelly Pooles husband suffered an enormous brain haemorrhage, she was told to expect the worst. But Ally, guitarist in rock band Texas, confounded all the experts I woke up around 8.30 on the morning of Tuesday 8 September 2009 to the most disturbing noise Id ever heard, like the emptying of a drain.…
MPI Research and Edge Therapeutics Partner to Advance Development of Life-Saving Therapies After Brain Hemorrhage MATTAWAN, MI and NEW PROVIDENCE, NJ, Apr 03, 2012 -- MPI Research, the largest...
Rock singer and TV reality star Bret Michaels remained in critical condition, but was conscious and talking with slurred speech after suffering a brain hemorrhage, his publicist said on Sunday.
Emilia Clarke, who suffered two brain hemorrhages when she was 24, says they were a good thing and helped her deal with the pressures of fame coming from her Game of Thrones debut. Read her full statements.
Rocker Brett Michaels is the latest celebrity suffering from a serious illness. Michaels was rushed to ICU on Thurdsay for a brain hemorrhage, but is now being reported as stabilized. Chances of survival are low in such cases, so were hoping he pulls through.. ...
just read the life section of strait times just now only and found out that my hero richard avedon collapsed from a brain haemorrhage... lets hope he is ok... this couple of months weve seen the passing of many gifted lensmen
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a serious complication that can occur in premature infants. Learn more about IVH and related complications.
Fibroadenoma mammae (FAM), umumnya menyerang para remaja dan wanita dengan usia di bawah 30 tahun. Adanya fibroadenoma atau yang biasa dikenal dengan tumor payudara membuat kaum wanita selalu cemas tentang keadaan pada dirinya. Terkadang mereka beranggapan bahwa tumor ini adalah sama dengan kanker. Yang perlu ditekankan adalah kecil kemungkinan dari fibroadenoma ini untuk menjadi kanker yang ganas. Di bawah ini saya akan membahas lebih lanjut tentang fibroadenoma mammae ...
An intraparenchymal hemorrhage is a blood clot that develops in the brain, according to the Stanford School of Medicine. Mayo Clinic defines it as a hematoma that occurs when blood pools in the...
Learn more about Intraventricular Hemorrhage of Infancy at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Intracerebral Hemorrhage Share This Intracerebral hemorrhage is focal bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain parenchyma. The cause is usually hypertension. Typical symptoms include focal neurologic deficits, often with abrupt onset of headache, nausea, and impairment of consciousness. Diagnosis is by CT or MRI. Treatment…
Should you restart anticoagulation after a cerebral haemorrhage? And other questions.. There are few things as devastating as a large ischaemic stroke in a patient who you had previously advised not to take anticoagulation.. As a stroke physician, Ive been asked questions about whether I should give anticoagulation to a patient who has had an intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Many people who have had an ICH are at high risk of having an ischeamic stroke. At the late-breaking trials session of ESOC, there was some useful evidence that will help me sleep after these consults.. Dr. Joji Kuramatsu presented data from an individual patient meta-analysis from two observational studies of patients with ICH. 1,027 people had an ICH caused by anticoagulation. This was an interesting choice of patient group; in my experience, these people are often very reluctant to consider restarting the drug which caused their stroke, but they had managed to convince 267 of them to restart anticoagulation. Fortunately, ...
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Possible symptoms of bleeding in the brain: high blood pressure, excruciating headache, face red, veins standing out on temples, anxiety, dizziness, palpitations, suffocation, pain, blindness, burning scalp, crashing to the ground. Get to hospital at once ...
Brutal Death Metal band from United States. Discography: Demo 1999, Exempting Reality. Line-up: Matt Doreson, Tom Kivatinos, Matt Szablewicz.
The CC is a "club" founded by a small group of medical professionals, who have made a pastime of turning medical cases and discussions into medically irrelevant history lessons, philosophical rants, and displays of one-upsmanship. The official premise, since the "club" was named, has been to exchange and discuss various books, movies, and ideas. Sometimes we eat sushi.. ...
By Matthew E. Fink, MD, Editor SOURCE: Tsivgoulis G, Wilson D, Katsanos AH, et al. Neuroimaging and clinical outcomes of oral anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage. Ann Neurol 2018; Sep. 26. doi:10.1002/ana.2542. [Epub ahead of print]. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most dangerous and feared complication of oral anticoagulation and leads to a high mortality. Although the incidence is declining because of improved treatment of hypertension, the overall number of cases is rising because of more widespread use of antithrombotic medications to respond to the increasing prevalence . . .
my uncle had a stroke with mild paralytic symptoms .he was rushed to the hospital and admitted in icu .the next day he had hemorrhage due to the selling which ruotured the artery.immediately he was ope...
You neednt confirm right and left side hemorrhage in ACA bleed. It is October already, which means you have implemented the ICD-10 updates. One of the key updates for your radiology practice applies to cerebral hemorrhage and infarction. Is your practice current? Find out.
Objective: Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) is one of the common multiple diseases in neurology. Patients with severe HICH have high risk of disability and poor prognosis.. Methods: In order to explore the clinical effect of mild hypothermia combined with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage in the treatment of severe HICH, 136 patients with severe HICH were selected and divided into control group and study group using random number table method, 68 each group. The control group was treated with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage on the basis of conventional symptomatic treatment, while the study group was treated with mild hypothermia combined with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage on the basis of conventional symptomatic treatment. After treatment, the two groups were followed up for eight weeks.. Results: The overall effective rate, residual hematoma volume, rebleeding rate, National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score, ...
Data regarding the frequency of isolated thalamic haemorrhage in the different hospital-based stroke registries are scarce, the present results show that thalamic haematomas is a subgroup of haemorrhagic stroke that accounted for 1.4% of all cases of stroke and 13% of intracerebral haemorrhages. The prevalence of thalamic haemorrhage in different series of primary intracerebral haemorrhage vary widely from 6% in the series of Juvela et al. [11] to 15.7% in the series of Tatu et al. [12]. In a subsample of 390 with haemorrhagic stroke reported by Kumral et al. [13], thalamic haemorrhage was diagnosed in 100 patients (25.6%).. Results of the present study show that patients with thalamic haemorrhage and patients with internal capsule-basal ganglia haemorrhage presented different clinical profiles, with sensory disturbances being significantly more frequent and speech disorders and lacunar syndrome being significantly less frequent in patients with thalamic haematoma. Prominent sensory loss, either ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital. AU - Maeshima, Shinichiro. AU - Okamoto, Sayaka. AU - Okazaki, Hideto. AU - Funahashi, Reisuke. AU - Hiraoka, Shigenori. AU - Hori, Hirokazu. AU - Yagihashi, Kei. AU - Fuse, Ikuko. AU - Tanaka, Shinichiro. AU - Asano, Naoki. AU - Sonoda, Shigeru. PY - 2018/3/1. Y1 - 2018/3/1. N2 - Objective: We aimed to clarify the relationship between aphasia and hematoma type/volume in patients with left putaminal hemorrhage admitted to a rehabilitation facility. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between the presence, type, and severity of aphasia and hematoma type/volume in 92 patients with putaminal hemorrhage aged 29-83 years. Hematoma type and volume were evaluated on the basis of CT images obtained at stroke onset. The Standard Language Test for Aphasia was conducted as part of the initial assessment. Results: Aphasia was observed in 79 of 92 patients. A total of 31 patients had fluent aphasia, while 48 had ...
Radiographic findings of CAA normally include cortical and subcortical hemorrhages, atrophy, and leukoencephalopathy. Microhemorrhages associated with CAA are normally not seen on CT, T1-weighted, or T2-weighted sequences. Therefore, if CAA is suspected clinically, or in the event that cortical-subcortical focal intracranial hemorrhages are seen on a noncontrast enhanced CT, an MRI should be obtained, which includes T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences. At present, GRE is one of the most sensitive sequences for the detection of acute and chronic hemorrhages, like the ones associated with CAA. The hemosiderin present within these cerebral hemorrhages, causes local magnetic field inhomogeneities, with a prominent loss of signal on T2*-weighted GRE sequences. Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is another sequence that is gaining acceptance, which is also very sensitive in detecting cerebral microhemorrhages. Nevertheless, for a definitive diagnosis of CAA, biopsy or autopsy is required. It ...
Data on children treated with intravenous tPA for neuroimaging-confirmed arterial ischemic stroke were collected retrospectively from 16 former TIPS sites to establish preliminary safety data. Participating sites were required to report all children who were treated with intravenous tPA to minimize reporting bias. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) was defined as ECASS (European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study) II parenchymal hematoma type 2 or any intracranial hemorrhage associated with neurological deterioration within 36 after following tPA administration. A Bayesian ...
What is a Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?A subconjunctival hemorrhage is the medical term used to describe a break in the blood vessels beneath the conjunctiva of the eye. Anytime you see visible blood in your eye, seek medical treatment from your eye doctor immediately.. What are the Symptoms of a Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?. Red, bloody appearing eye.. How Common are Subconjuntival Hemorrhages?. Subconjunctival hemorrhages are fairly common, especially in people who participate in activities that result in blows to the eye such as boxing.. What Causes Subconjunctival Hemorrhages?. Eye trauma. Heavy lifting, coughing, sneezing or laughing. Constipation. Blood thinner medications. Vitamin K deficiency. How is a Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Diagnosed?. Diagnosing a subconjunctival hemorrhage begins with a comprehensive eye exam at Ducklo EyeCare.. During this exam, your doctor uses tests to evaluate your conjunctiva to determine the extent of the hemorrhage and to asses if it is causing any decrease in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in acute thrombotic and embolic stroke. AU - Del Zoppo, Gregory J.. AU - Poeck, Klaus. AU - Pessin, Michael S.. AU - Wolpert, Samuel M.. AU - Furlan, Anthony J.. AU - Ferbert, Andreas. AU - Alberts, Mark J.. AU - Zivin, Justin A.. AU - Wechsler, Lawrence. AU - Busse, Otto. AU - Greenlee, Ralph. AU - Brass, Lawrence. AU - Mohr, J. P.. AU - Feldmann, Edward. AU - Hacke, Werner. AU - Kase, Carlos S.. AU - Biller, Jose. AU - Gress, Daryl. AU - Otis, Shirley M.. PY - 1992/7. Y1 - 1992/7. N2 - An open angiography-based, dose rate escalation study on the effect of intravenous infusion of recombinant tissue plastninogen activator (rt-PA) on cerebral arterial recanalization in patients with acute focal cerebral ischemia was performed at 16 centers. Arterial occlusions consistent with acute ischemia in the carotid or vertebrobasilar territory in the absence of detectable intracerebral hemorrhage were prerequisites for treatment. After the 60-minute ...
Results Nine patients met inclusion criteria (5 men, median age 62 years). Median National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 18 (IQR 9-22), and 6 patients received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. Six patients had M2 segment occlusions, and 2 patients had distal M1 segment occlusions of the middle cerebral artery. One had distal basilar artery occlusion. Median vessel diameter at the thrombus was 1.7 mm (IQR 1.5-2.5). In all 9 patients the Mindframe device was used together with manual aspiration, with median groin puncture to recanalization time of 35 min (IQR 27-54), and median procedural time of 67 min (IQR 51-91). Final Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score was 3 and 2b in 4 patients each (89% total), and 2a in 1 patient. No patient had any postprocedural complications or symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Median postprocedure and discharge NIHSS were 4 and 1, respectively. ...
A 16-year-old boy presented with an unusual case of a supratentorial, extraaxial small round blue cell tumor of the central nervous system, which was most likely a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). Preoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a large multistage hematoma in the left central region. Intraoperatively, a small, superficial tumorous lesion was found between the sagittal sinus and a large cortical vein hidden by the hematoma. The histological diagnosis was PNET. This tumor is one of the most aggressive intracerebral tumors, not only in children, so treatment strategies must be early, profound, and interdisciplinary. This case represents an important example of atypical extraaxial appearance of this lesion, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cortical or subcortical hemorrhage, since complete resection of this lesion is critical for the successful treatment and outcome. ...
Wilson died at age forty from a cerebral hemorrhage in New York City on January 16, 1989,[3][4] and was buried at Forest Park ...
... and cerebral haemorrhage". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 62 (4): 387. doi:10.1136/jnnp.62.4.387. PMC ...
Cerebral vasospasm may arise in the context of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Symptomatic vasospasm or delayed cerebral ischemia is a ... Vasospasm typically appears 4 to 10 days after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Along with physical resistance, vasospasm is a main ... major contributor to post-operative stroke and death especially after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. ...
Sivakant Tiwari, 64, Singaporean lawyer (Singapore Legal Service), cerebral hemorrhage.[305]. 27[edit]. *Andraos Abouna, 67, ... Peter Hart, 46, Canadian historian, brain hemorrhage. [68]. *Bernard Knox, 95, British-born American classicist, heart failure. ...
Howard Bruenn, diagnosed the medical emergency as a massive cerebral hemorrhage.[316] At 3:35 p.m. that day, Roosevelt died at ...
Cerebral hemorrhage. Apr 12, 1945. 1960. John F. Kennedy. First. First. Assassinated. Nov 22, 1963. ...
In 2010, a 21-year-old male in New Zealand presented with a cerebral hemorrhage after ingesting 556 mg of methylhexanamine, ... associated with cerebral hemorrhage". Ann Emerg Med. 60: 431-434. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.04.008.. ...
Died of cerebral haemorrhage Valens (Οὐάλης, Flavius Iulius Valens). 28 March 364 -. 9 August 378. Born in 328. A soldier of ...
Ingarden died on June 14, 1970 as a result of a cerebral hemorrhage.[2] ...
Before he graduated from DeWitt Clinton, his mother died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Lancaster was accepted by New York ...
Ethel died of a cerebral hemorrhage on August 26, 1937, at age 47.[16] ...
He died of a cerebral hemorrhage in West Orange, New Jersey. New York Community Trust George W. Merck 1894 to 1957 Merck Forest ... George Wilhelm Merck, chairman of Merck Co., Inc., manufacturing chemists of Rahway, died today of a cerebral hemorrhage that ... of a cerebral hemorrhage; in West Orange, N.J. Devoted to company activities, with an exuberant capacity for work, Merck ...
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis[edit]. Main article: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST ... This can be due to ischemia, thrombus, embolus (a lodged particle) or hemorrhage (a bleed). In thrombotic stroke, a thrombus ( ... Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a specialised form of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, where there is thrombosis of the ... Bai, Jilin; Lyden, Patrick D. (2015-01-19). "Revisiting Cerebral Postischemic Reperfusion Injury: New Insights in Understanding ...
Blackstar, later Blackstar Rising, became defunct after drummer Owen suffered a severe cerebral hemorrhage. Amott went on to ... since he could not replicate his former drumming proficiency due to the effects of the cerebral hemorrhage he suffered in 1999. ...
... the bombing resulted in the baby suffering a cerebral hemorrhage from which he died. He was buried on August 30 in a York ...
... Other names. Cerebral haemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage, intra-axial hemorrhage, cerebral hematoma, ... Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed, is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain ... Cedars-Sinai Health System - Cerebral Hemorrhages Archived 2009-03-12 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 02/25/2009 ... a b c d e f g h eMedicine Specialties , Neurology , Neurological Emergencies , Intracranial Haemorrhage: Treatment & Medication ...
Barranco suffered a cerebral haemorrhage. The police prevented his mother from seeing her dying son and presided over his ...
... intracerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction; attempted suicide; near-drowning or asphyxia; apnea; and serious depression.[ ... Professor of neurology Terence Hines (2003) claimed that near-death experiences are hallucinations caused by cerebral anoxia, ... A wide range of physiological theories of the NDE have been put forward including those based upon cerebral hypoxia, anoxia, ... dead are psychopathological symptoms caused by a severe malfunction of the brain resulting from the cessation of cerebral blood ...
Zápolya succeeded in subduing the rebels, but he died on 22 July from cerebral hemorrhage.[10] ...
He died of a cerebral hemorrhage. His wife of 52 years, Linda Ascher Singer survived him. They had three children together, ...
She died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Her death was described as "a national loss" by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, the President of ...
168-181, 193-194.) Thrombosis of cerebral arteries. (Proc. Roy. Soc. Med., 1909-10, 3, Neurol. Sect., 30.) Cerebral haemorrhage ... Brain, 1917, 40, 188-263.) Sensation and the cerebral cortex. (Brain, 1918, 41, 58-253.) Cases of wounds of the nervous system ... M., 1923, 28, 99-122.) Speech and cerebral localization (Brain, 1923, 46, 355-528.) A case of acute verbal aphasia followed ... J. Dermai., 1911,23,150-153.) With Gordon Holmes: Sensory disturbances from cerebral lesions. (Brain, 1911-12, 34, 102-254.) ...
He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on September 12, 1899 a few minutes after 6 o'clock AM, at his home, West Fifty-seventh Street ... CORNELIUS VANDERBILT DEAD; Succumbed Suddenly Yesterday to Cerebral Hemorrhage. DUE TO STROKE OF PARALYSIS Wife and Daughter ... Great-Grandson and Namesake of Commodore Succumbs in Miami to Brain Hemorrhage. Family With Him At End. He Won Distinction as ...
Then she dies from cerebral hemorrhage. her brothers are in shock. They don't know what to do. meanwhile, Fatma Hanim waits for ...
Cause of death cholelithiasis, cerebral hemorrhage. Randolph Thomas Edwards, known as Thomas R Edwards at the University of ...
He died of a cerebral haemorrhage. At the time of his death he was living in Kew, Victoria and his occupation was given as a ...
Pages in category "Deaths from cerebral hemorrhage". The following 87 pages are in this category, out of 87 total. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Deaths_from_cerebral_hemorrhage&oldid=5744309" ...
He died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Japanese literature List of Japanese authors Fujioka, Takeo. Seimei no sakebi Ito Sachio. ...
Preconditioning effect on cerebral vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Young Woo Kim, Gregory J. ... Preconditioning effect on cerebral vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2014;74(4):351- ... Preconditioning effect on cerebral vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. / Kim, Young Woo; Zipfel, ... title = "Preconditioning effect on cerebral vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage", ...
Amyloid deposition in small arteries of the cerebrum leads to friability and haemorrhage. There are also rare familial forms of ... is the most common cause of lobar intracranial haemorrhage, which in itself accounts for about 5-10% of all strokes. ... Journal Club Review: "Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy with and without Haemorrhage. Posted on May 12, 2015 by dulcetware ... Sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is the most common cause of lobar intracranial haemorrhage, which in itself accounts ...
... the cerebral edema is not severe, recurrent hemorrhage is less possible and patients are relatively safe. Cerebral hemorrhage ... PURPOSE: To compare curative effect of different treatments for hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage of 25 to 35ml. METHODS: In ... Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage is a common critical disease in the neurosurgerical field and even may threaten patients life ... Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage usually occurs in the basal ganglia region, manifesting with the three deflective sign, and ...
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of ischemic cerebral lesions following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly ... BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of ischemic cerebral lesions following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly ... CONCLUSION: We believe that inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm but they might only ... ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and their possible role in the pathophysiology of ...
Subdural and cerebral hemorrhage (approximate match) This is the official approximate match mapping between ICD9 and ICD10, as ... Subdural hemorrhage accompanying tentorial tear - instead, use code P10.4 MS-DRG Mapping * DRG Group #793 - Full term neonate ... Subdural hemorrhage due to birth injury BILLABLE Billable Code Billable codes are sufficient justification for admission to an ... P10.0 is a billable ICD code used to specify a diagnosis of subdural hemorrhage due to birth injury. A billable code is ...
Both the presence of intra-ventricular hemorrhage on admission and post-operative intra-cerebral hemorrhage were independently ... presence of intra-ventricular hemorrhage on admission (p , 0.003), and post-operative intra-cerebral hemorrhage (p = 0.013). ... The diagnosis of acute symptomatic cerebral infarction following aneurysmal SAH was based on both new-onset cerebral ... intra-cerebral hemorrhage, and arrhythmia (Table 2).. Table 3 Complications following treatment or underlying SAH ...
This prospective study was conducted upon twenty patients who suffered acute hydrocephalus due to subarachnoid hemorrhage of ... Acute hydrocephalus can cause neurological deterioration after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Predicting which ... Relation of cerebral vasospasm to subarachnoid hemorrhage visualized by computerized tomographic scanning. Neurosurgery. 1980;6 ... The most prevalent type of aneurysm was anterior cerebral artery (ACoA) aneurysm (8 patients-35%) followed by middle cerebral ...
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy with unilateral hemorrhages, mass effect, and meningeal enhancement. Neurology. 1999; 53: 233-234. ... Small vessel disease burden in cerebral amyloid angiopathy without symptomatic hemorrhage. Neurology. 2017; 88: 878-884. Ref.: ... Lateralized Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy presenting with recurrent Lacunar Ischemic Stroke Yi Li*, Ayman Al-Salaimeh, Elizabeth ... Cerebral microinfarct and white matter disease in CAA have been more often observed in the posterior circulation territory, ...
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Initial tests indicated that the 61-year-old senator had experienced a cerebral hemorrhage. He has reported no serious health ... is listed in serious condition after four hours of surgery yesterday for a cerebral hemorrhage. ... The doctors were successful in accomplishing their objective and the hemorrhage has been stabilized, said Eryn Witcher, ...
encoded search term (What causes hemorrhage in cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)?) and What causes hemorrhage in cerebral ... Drugs & Diseases , Neurology , Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Q&A What causes hemorrhage in cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)?. ... Outcome of cerebral amyloid angiopathic brain haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008 Sep. 150(9):889-95. [Medline]. ... Hemorrhage burden predicts recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage after lobar hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Jun. 35(6):1415-20. [Medline ...
Ambassador Harriman dead from cerebral hemorrhage. February 5, 1997. Web posted at: 10:21 a.m. EST (1521 GMT) PARIS (CNN) -- U. ... S. Ambassador to France Pamela Harriman died Wednesday two days after suffering a massive cerebral hemorrhage, an aide said. ...
It is expected to be used to develop biopharmaceutical for hemostasis of cerebral hemorrhage and brain tissue regeneration ... Brain hemorrhage, which can occur in the human brain, including intraventricular hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage and ... Cerebral hemorrhage accounts for 10-15% of all stroke patients, and the mortality rate is 30-50% within 30 days of onset. ... Protein to stop acute cerebral hemorrhage Korean researchers have identified the mechanism of thermo-sensitive elastin-like ...
Definition of arteries of cerebral hemorrhage. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms ...
Bleeding in Cerebral Haemorrhage. Br Med J 1911; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2621.727 (Published 25 March 1911) Cite ...
Predicting Intracerebral Hemorrhage Expansion With Noncontrast Computed TomographyThe BAT Score Andrea Morotti, Dar Dowlatshahi ... Childhood Stature and Growth in Relation to First Ischemic Stroke or Intracerebral Hemorrhage Line Klingen Gjærde, Thomas ... Unmet Needs and Challenges in Clinical Research of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Stroke. 2018;STROKEAHA.117.019541, originally ... Characteristics of Randomized Trials Focusing on Stroke due to Intracerebral HemorrhageSystematic Review Arina Tamborska, ...
Cerebral hemorrhage - Bleeding into the brain, is clearly explained in Medindia s glossary of medical terms ... Cerebral hemorrhage - Glossary. Written & Compiled by Medindia Content Team. Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review ...
Mario Zuccarello;] -- The book contains 48 articles presented at the 11th International Conference on Cerebral Vasospasm held ... "도서관에서 가져오기! Cerebral vasospasm : neurovascular events after subarachnoid hemorrhage. [ ... Cerebral vasospasm : neurovascular events after subarachnoid hemorrhage. 저자:. Mario Zuccarello. 출판사:. Vienna ; New York : ... schema:name "Cerebral vasospasm : neurovascular events after subarachnoid hemorrhage"@en ;. schema:productID "808368406" ;. ...
Mario Zuccarello;] -- The book contains 48 articles presented at the 11th International Conference on Cerebral Vasospasm held ... Cerebral vasospasm : neurovascular events after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Author:. Mario Zuccarello. Publisher:. Vienna ; New ... schema:name "Cerebral vasospasm : neurovascular events after subarachnoid hemorrhage"@en ;. schema:productID "808368406" ;. ... Global Cerebral Atrophy After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Possible Marker of Acute Brain Injury and Assessment of Its Impact on ...
Middle cerebral artery intraplaque hemorrhage: prevalence and clinical relevance.. Xu WH1, Li ML, Gao S, Ni J, Yao M, Zhou LX, ... Little is known about the composition of middle cerebral artery (MCA) plaques and how they relate to clinical status. Using ... which are highly suggestive of fresh or recent intraplaque hemorrhage. ...
Intra Cerebral Hemorrhage Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Intraventricular Hemorrhage Nontraumatic Haemorrhage Show detailed ... Cerebral Hemorrhage. Brain Diseases. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Hemorrhage. Pathologic Processes. Intracranial Hemorrhages. ... subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage), brain tumors, difficult ... Recovery After Cerebral Hemorrhage (REACH). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ...
... Vivek Mehta, Jonathan Russin, ... "Adoptive Regulatory T-cell Therapy Attenuates Subarachnoid Hemor-rhage-induced Cerebral Inflammation by Suppressing TLR4/NF-B ... matrix metalloproteinase-9 concentration in the first 48 h after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage predicts delayed cerebral ... "Immune cells subpopulations in cerebrospinal fluid and peripheral blood of patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage," ...
... and computed tomographic features characteristic of moyamoya disease and a large intracerebral hemorrhage is presented. The ... Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*, radiography. European Continental Ancestry Group. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Moyamoya ... and computed tomographic features characteristic of moyamoya disease and a large intracerebral hemorrhage is presented. The ...
... the most lethal disorder of the cerebral circulation. ... Most SAH haemorrhages are the result of ruptured cerebral ... demonstrates that as little as half an hour of light exercise per week effectively protects against subarachnoid hemorrhage, ... Among disorders of the cerebral circulation, subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is the most lethal kind, with as many as half of ... Exercise an effective protection against life-threatening cerebral hemorrhage. University of Helsinki ...
... Call for Papers. Brain injury of diverse ... Transient global ischemic brain injury may result from cardiac arrest where cerebral perfusion diminishes to the point that ... to define the mechanisms of brain injury after transient global cerebral ischemic stroke and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage ... blood supply can no longer meet the metabolic demand of brain or from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage where bleed from an ...
  • abstract = "Background: Recent experimental evidence indicates that endogenous mechanisms against cerebral vasospasm can be induced via preconditioning. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusion: This retrospective case-control study suggests that endogenous protective mechanisms against cerebral vasospasm-a preconditioning effect-may exist in humans, although these results could be the effect of atherosclerosis or some combination of preconditioning and atherosclerosis. (elsevier.com)
  • The association with superficial siderosis is not surprising as it is a direct marker of haemorrhage more specifically than general markers of small vessel disease that could also reflect atherosclerosis. (neurologyonlinejournalclub.com)
  • Interestingly, the SWAN sequences showed lateralized rather than global multiple microhemorrhages over the right MCA and PCA territory, and the sulcal hyperintensity on FLAIR was also seen with no associated susceptibility effect and minimal enhancement, indicating probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) based on Boston Criteria. (heighpubs.org)
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