Cerebral Arterial Diseases: Pathological conditions of intracranial ARTERIES supplying the CEREBRUM. These diseases often are due to abnormalities or pathological processes in the ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; and POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY.Peripheral Arterial Disease: Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Intermittent Claudication: A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.Ankle Brachial Index: Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Cerebral Infarction: The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Middle Cerebral Artery: The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Tibial Arteries: The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery: NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Malaria, Cerebral: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.Intracranial Arterial Diseases: Pathological conditions involving ARTERIES in the skull, such as arteries supplying the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, the BRAIN STEM, and associated structures. They include atherosclerotic, congenital, traumatic, infectious, inflammatory, and other pathological processes.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Cerebral Hemorrhage: Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.Thromboangiitis Obliterans: A non-atherosclerotic, inflammatory thrombotic disease that commonly involves small and medium-sized arteries or veins in the extremities. It is characterized by occlusive THROMBOSIS and FIBROSIS in the vascular wall leading to digital and limb ISCHEMIA and ulcerations. Thromboangiitis obliterans is highly associated with tobacco smoking.Popliteal Artery: The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Diabetic Angiopathies: VASCULAR DISEASES that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Ischemic Attack, Transient: Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)Perinephritis: Inflammation of the connective and adipose tissues surrounding the KIDNEY.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Photoplethysmography: Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors: Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous: The noninvasive measurement or determination of the partial pressure (tension) of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide locally in the capillaries of a tissue by the application to the skin of a special set of electrodes. These electrodes contain photoelectric sensors capable of picking up the specific wavelengths of radiation emitted by oxygenated versus reduced hemoglobin.Anterior Cerebral Artery: Artery formed by the bifurcation of the internal carotid artery (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Branches of the anterior cerebral artery supply the CAUDATE NUCLEUS; INTERNAL CAPSULE; PUTAMEN; SEPTAL NUCLEI; GYRUS CINGULI; and surfaces of the FRONTAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Angiography, Digital Subtraction: A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy: A heterogeneous group of sporadic or familial disorders characterized by AMYLOID deposits in the walls of small and medium sized blood vessels of CEREBRAL CORTEX and MENINGES. Clinical features include multiple, small lobar CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; cerebral ischemia (BRAIN ISCHEMIA); and CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is unrelated to generalized AMYLOIDOSIS. Amyloidogenic peptides in this condition are nearly always the same ones found in ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (from Kumar: Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th ed., 2005)Posterior Cerebral Artery: Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Brain Edema: Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.Leg Ulcer: Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared: A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.NebraskaLimb Salvage: An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.Exercise Tolerance: The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.Carotid Stenosis: Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)Diabetic Foot: Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis: Embolism or thrombosis involving blood vessels which supply intracranial structures. Emboli may originate from extracranial or intracranial sources. Thrombosis may occur in arterial or venous structures.Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the body.Perfusion Imaging: The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood flow reaches by following the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.Cardiovascular Agents: Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Laser-Doppler Flowmetry: A method of non-invasive, continuous measurement of MICROCIRCULATION. The technique is based on the values of the DOPPLER EFFECT of low-power laser light scattered randomly by static structures and moving tissue particulates.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Dominance, Cerebral: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Intracranial Pressure: Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Intracranial Aneurysm: Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Foot Ulcer: Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.Cerebral Revascularization: Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.

Cerebral arterial lesions resulting from inflammatory emboli. (1/277)

In order to study the effects of septic embolism on the brain, silicone rubber emboli of various types were injected into the carotid arteries of 35 dogs. Pathologic and angiographic studies were performed to assess the resultant arterial and parenchymal lesions. Pure silicone rubber emboli (14 dogs) produced occasional intra-arterial thrombosis but no arteritis. Sterile and bacterially contaminated emboli containing a lead-chromate pigment (similar to those used in previous studies of septic embolism) (11 dogs) and pure silicone rubber emboli with transversely oriented canals (10 dogs), after brief placement in a bacterial suspension, were associated with intense inflammatory arteritis. This was accompanied by focal meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, thrombosis, and cerebritis of the underlying cortex. The findings resembled those found in mycotic aneurysm. Aneurysmal dilatation was observed in one postmortem angiogram. In previous models of mycotic aneurysm, the inflammation attributed to bacterial contamination was probably due to the lead-chromate pigment used.  (+info)

Epilepsy after two different neurosurgical approaches to the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysm. (2/277)

One-hundred-and-fifty-two patients who underwent surgery for intracranial aneurysm were studied to determine the incidence of postoperative epilepsy in relation to the site of the aneurysm and the type of surgical approach. The overall incidence of epilepsy was 22%. Of the 116 patients treated by the intracranial approach 27.5% developed epilepsy, in contrast with only 5% of the 36 patients who had carotid artery ligation in the neck. Epilepsy occurred most frequently (35%) with middle cerebral artery aneurysms, especially if moderate or severe operative trauma was sustained and there was postoperative dysphasia.  (+info)

Arterial spasm and recovery from subarachnoid haemorrhage. (3/277)

In a series of 120 cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage due to ruptured intracranial aneurysm the occurrence of preoperative arterial spasm was found to have no effect upon the clinical outcome. After surgery, generalised arterial spasm was found to lead to an increased probability of fatality, and to an increased probability of psychological impariment among the survivors. The occurrence of spasm only in the vessels immediately adjacent to the haemorrhage did not constitute a risk to survival. However, the presence of generalised or localised spasm led to an increased risk of neurological impairment. It is suggested that the mechanisms by which postoperative arterial spasm is responsible for fatalities and for neurological impairment are distinct.  (+info)

Upregulation of MAP1B and MAP2 in the rat brain after middle cerebral artery occlusion: effect of age. (4/277)

Although stroke in humans usually afflicts the elderly, most experimental studies on the nature of cerebral ischemia have used young animals. This is especially important when studying restorative processes that are age dependent. To explore the potential of older animals to initiate regenerative processes after cerebral ischemia, the authors studied the expression of the juvenile-specific cytoskeletal protein, microtubule-associated protein (MAP) 1B, and the adult-specific protein, MAP2, in male Sprague-Dawley rats at 3 months and 20 months of age. The levels of MAP1B and MAP2 transcripts and the corresponding proteins declined with increasing age in the hippocampus. In the cortex, the levels of the transcripts did not change significantly with age, but the morphologic features of immunostained fibers were clearly affected by age; that is, cortical MAP1B fibers became thicker, and MAP2 fibers, more diffuse, in aged rats. Focal cerebral ischemia, produced by reversible occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery, resulted in a large decrease in the expression of both MAP1B and MAP2 in the infarct core at the messenger ribonucleic acid and protein levels. However, at 1 week after the stroke, there was vigorous expression of MAP1B and its messenger ribonucleic acid, as well as MAP2 protein, in the border zone adjacent to the infarct of 3-month-old and 20 month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. The upregulation of these key cytologic elements generally was diminished in aged rats compared with young animals, although the morphologic features of fibers in the infarct border zone were similar in both age groups. These results suggest that the regenerative potential of the aged rat brain appears to be competent, although attenuated, at least with respect to MAP1B and MAP2 expression up to 20 months of age.  (+info)

Transluminal angioplasty for middle cerebral artery stenosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. (5/277)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Precutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is currently performed to treat supraaortic atherosclerotic lesions. Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PTA for middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We performed PTA with the use of a microballoon (2-2.5 mm in diameter and 10-13 mm in length) in 10 consecutive patients (mean age, 48 years) who met the following criteria: high-grade M1 stenosis (> 70%) and mild neurologic deficits (NIH stroke scale < 4) and/or recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) resistant to anticoagulation, or a large area of hypoperfusion in the MCA territory on brain perfusion SPECT scans. During follow-up, we administered antiplatelet agents and evaluated the status of restenosis by angiography (n = 2), brain perfusion SPECT (n = 4), and/or transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) (n = 7). RESULTS: Stenotic arteries were successfully dilated in nine of 10 patients. Angioplasty failed in one patient because the balloon could not pass through the tortuous cavernous internal carotid artery. None of the patients experienced either peri- or postangioplasty complications. Residual stenosis was less than 50%, and clinical improvement, including elimination of TIAs in four patients who had suffered resistant TIAs, was observed in all patients; improvement of the cerebral perfusion was also noted in two patients with a large hypoperfusion area in the MCA territory. The average follow-up period was 11 months (range, 2 to 36 months). None experienced recurrent stroke during the follow-up period. TCD revealed decreased flow velocity of the MCA after angioplasty in seven patients. CONCLUSION: PTA of the proximal portion of the MCA seems to be a safe and effective therapeutic technique for the prevention of secondary ischemic stroke.  (+info)

Various patterns of perfusion-weighted MR imaging and MR angiographic findings in hyperacute ischemic stroke. (6/277)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Various clinical subtypes of patients presenting with sudden-onset ischemic stroke have been recognized, but classification of those types is not simple. We identified various patterns of perfusion-weighted MR imaging and MR angiographic findings in hyperacute ischemic stroke with relation to clinical outcomes. METHODS: Twelve patients with symptoms of acute ischemic stroke due to middle cerebral artery occlusion underwent perfusion-weighted MR imaging and MR angiography within 6 hours after the onset of symptoms. Perfusion-weighted imaging was performed with a conventional dynamic contrast-enhanced T2*-weighted sequence, and cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps were then created. CBV maps and MR angiographic findings were compared with 99mTc-HMPAO brain SPECT scans, short-term outcomes, and follow-up imaging findings. RESULTS: The combined CBV and MR angiographic findings were classified into three patterns: arterial occlusion and decreased CBV (n = 8), arterial occlusion and increased CBV (n = 2), and no arterial occlusion and normal CBV (n = 2). These three patterns were strongly related to SPECT findings, short-term outcomes, and follow-up imaging findings. Perfusion on SPECT decreased markedly in the affected regions in all patients with the first pattern, decreased slightly in the second pattern, and was normal in the third pattern. Symptoms were not significantly changed at 24 hours after onset in any of the patients with the first pattern, but resolved completely in all patients with the latter two patterns. Follow-up imaging showed large infarctions in all patients with the first pattern. Initially, no infarction was seen in the second pattern, but watershed infarction developed later in one of these patients. CONCLUSION: Hyperacute ischemic stroke may be differentiated into three imaging patterns with different clinical outcomes. The combined use of perfusion-weighted MR imaging and MR angiography may play a substantial role in guiding the choice of treatment of this disease.  (+info)

Carotid artery tandem lesions: frequency of angiographic detection and consequences for endarterectomy. (7/277)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several prospective trials have shown that ischemic stroke can be prevented by performing an endarterectomy in patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. Our purpose was to ascertain the frequency of carotid artery tandem lesions and to determine whether their presence alters the surgeon's decision to perform an endarterectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cerebral angiograms obtained between January 1994 and June 1996 in 853 patients with carotid occlusive disease. Studies were analyzed for the presence of internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis as well as for tandem lesions (defined as > or = 50% diameter stenosis) within the common carotid artery, carotid siphon, or proximal intracranial arteries. The frequency of intracranial saccular aneurysms was determined. RESULTS: Six hundred seventy-two of the 853 patients had a carotid bifurcation stenosis of 70% or greater or underwent an endarterectomy. Of these, a carotid siphon stenosis of 50% or greater was noted in 65 patients (9.7%) and was ipsilateral to an ICA stenosis in 37 patients (5.5%). A common carotid stenosis was present in 29 patients (4.3%), ipsilateral to an ICA stenosis in 14 patients (2.1%). A stenosis of 50% or greater within the proximal intracranial circulation was present in 28 patients (4.2%), ipsilateral to an ICA stenosis in 15 patients (2.2 %). Four patients had tandem stenoses at more than one site. Tandem stenoses in the siphon or intracranial segments were noted in 13.5% with a bifurcation stenosis and in 8.8% of those with no bifurcation stenosis. Endarterectomy was performed in 48 of the 66 patients with tandem stenotic lesions. CONCLUSION: The presence of a tandem lesion infrequently alters the surgeon's decision to perform an endarterectomy. However, the importance of detecting tandem stenoses cannot be underestimated, since they may have important implications for long-term medical management in symptomatic patients.  (+info)

Cerebral hemodynamics in relation to patterns of collateral flow. (8/277)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to investigate the relation between collateral flow via different pathways and hemodynamic parameters measured by dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI in patients with severe carotid artery disease. METHODS: Dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI was performed in 66 patients and 33 control subjects. Patients had severe stenosis (>70%, n=12), unilateral occlusion (n=38), or bilateral occlusion (n=16) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Cerebripetal flow and collateral flow via the circle of Willis were investigated with MR angiography. Collateral flow via the ophthalmic artery was investigated with transcranial Doppler sonography. RESULTS: Patients with ICA stenosis had well-preserved cerebral perfusion and were in general not dependent on collateral supply. Patients with unilateral ICA occlusion had impaired cerebral perfusion. However, appearance time, peak time, and mean transit time in white matter were less increased in patients with than in patients without collateral flow via the circle of Willis (P<0.05). Furthermore, patients with collateral flow via both anterior and posterior communicating arteries had less increased regional cerebral blood volume than patients with collateral flow via the posterior communicating artery only (P<0.05). Patients with bilateral ICA occlusion had severely compromised hemodynamic status despite recruitment of collateral supply. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with unilateral ICA occlusion, the pattern of collateral supply has significant influence on hemodynamic status. Collateral flow via the anterior communicating artery is a sign of well-preserved hemodynamic status, whereas no collateral flow via the circle of Willis or flow via only the posterior communicating artery is a sign of deteriorated cerebral perfusion.  (+info)

*List of MeSH codes (C14)

... intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200 --- cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200.175 --- cadasil ... cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.337.187 --- cadasil MeSH C14.907.253.337.375 --- infarction, anterior cerebral ... posterior cerebral artery MeSH C14.907.253.337.750 --- moyamoya disease MeSH C14.907.253.378 --- intracranial embolism and ... anterior cerebral artery MeSH C14.907.253.480.200.200.450 --- infarction, middle cerebral artery MeSH C14.907.253.480.200.200. ...

*List of MeSH codes (C10)

... intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C10.228.140.300.510.200 --- cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C10.228.140.300.510.200.175 ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.140.380.615 --- pick disease of the brain MeSH C10.228.140.400 --- diffuse cerebral sclerosis of ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.400 --- parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.700 --- parkinson disease, secondary MeSH ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.500 --- parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.800 --- parkinson disease, ...

*Binswanger's disease

de Reuck, J. (1971). "The human periventricular arterial blood supply and anatomy of cerebral infarctions". European Neurology ... There are many diseases similar to Binswanger's disease including CADASIL syndrome and Alzheimer's disease, which makes this ... Even with these errors, Olszewski concluded that Binswanger disease did exist as a subset of cerebral arteriosclerosis. Yet ... If no medical interception of the disease is performed then the disease will continue to worsen as the patient ages due to the ...

*Wouter Schievink

He has written and published extensively on cerebral aneurysms, cerebrovascular arterial dissections, and collagen vascular ... disease as related to the central nervous system. Schievink is also an expert and well published author on Spontaneous ...

*Nicergoline

It is used for vascular disorders such as cerebral thrombosis and atherosclerosis, arterial blockages in the limbs, Raynaud's ... Raynaud's disease and other syndromes caused by altered peripheral irrigation. Migraines of vascular origin Coadjutant therapy ... cerebral arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and cerebral embolism, transitory cerebral ischaemia). Acute and chronic peripheral ... The primary action of nicergoline is to increase arterial blood flow by vasodilation. Furthermore, it is known that nicergoline ...

*Meldonium

It is also used in cases of cerebral ischemia, ocular ischemic syndrome and other ocular disease caused by disturbed arterial ... Meldonium may be used to treat coronary artery disease. These heart problems may sometimes lead to ischemia, a condition where ... "Mildronate improves cognition and reduces amyloid-β pathology in transgenic Alzheimer's disease mice". Journal of Neuroscience ...

*Endothelin

Among numerous diseases potentially occurring from endothelin dysregulation are several types of cancer cerebral vasospasm ... following subarachnoid hemorrhage arterial hypertension and other cardiovascular disorders pain mediation cardiac hypertrophy ... Kedzierski RM, Yanagisawa M; Yanagisawa (2001). "Endothelin system: the double-edged sword in health and disease". Annu. Rev. ... Endothelins are implicated in vascular diseases of several organ systems, including the heart, general circulation and brain. ...

*Necrotizing vasculitis

... hepatitis B infection arteriographic abnormalities arterial biopsy showing polymorphonuclear cells Kawasaki disease. Usually in ... 1.5 cm) Isolated cerebral vasculitis. Affects medium and small arteries over a diffuse CNS area, without symptomatic ... Aortitis can also be considered a large-vessel disease. Takayasu arteritis. Primarily affects the aorta and its main branches. ... Patients have CNS symptoms as well as cerebral vasculitis by angiography and leptomeningeal biopsy. There are several ...

*Thrombotic storm

Peripheral arterial occlusions, in the absence of underlying atherosclerotic vascular disease, resulting in extremity ischemia ... Cerebral vein thrombosis. Portal vein thrombosis, hepatic vein, or other intra-abdominal thrombotic events. Jugular vein ... Myocardial infarction, in the absence of severe coronary artery disease Stroke and/or transient ischemic attack, in the absence ... of severe atherosclerotic disease and at an age less than 60 years. Central retinal vein and/or central retinal arterial ...

*Sneddon's syndrome

... coronary disease and early-onset dementia. Progressive compromise of arterial linings in Sneddon's produces clotting, for which ... severe but transient neurological symptoms thought to be caused by cerebral vasospasm, ... coronary disease and dementia. The skin manifestations may precede the neurologic symptoms by years. Sneddon's syndrome is a ... both worsen in cold and either may occur without Sneddon's Syndrome or any other systemic disease. Sneddon's Syndrome can be ...

*Medical ultrasound

... is daily used to diagnose arterial and venous disease all over the body. This is particularly important in neurology, where ... Doppler is frequently used by neuro-anesthesiologists for obtaining information about flow-velocity in the basal cerebral ... Its aim is often to find a source of a disease or to exclude any pathology. The practice of examining pregnant women using ... It is also used for gaining vascular access such as central venous cannulation and difficult arterial cannulation. Transcranial ...

*Jim Otvos

Artery Atheroma Atherosclerosis Coronary circulation Cerebral circulation vein graft disease, coronary artery bypass surgery, ... event rates without resorting to only arterial bypass surgery or angioplasty/stents to treat the symptoms of advanced disease, ... played in the usual progression of atherosclerotic disease, Dr. Otvos began novel research work in using NMR spectroscopy to ... extensive research on the roles of the various lipoproteins in cardiovascular disease and lead the company, LipoScience, which ...

*Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification

Most infants die of vaso-occlusive disease, especially of the coronary arteries. Clinical presentation is variable. First ... cerebral, renal, mesenteric and cardiac arteries Echo-dense aortic annulus, ascending aorta, transverse arch, descending aorta ... also known as Arterial Calcification of Infancy, Generalised Infantile Arterial Calcification (GACI), Idiopathic Arterial ... Idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy should always be considered in infants and children presenting with hypertension, ...

*Moyamoya disease

The arterial constrictions in moyamoya disease are unlike the constrictions in atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis, the walls ... These vessels are the ACA (anterior cerebral artery), MCA (middle cerebral artery), and ICA (internal carotid artery). The ... Moyamoya disease is a disease in which certain arteries in the brain are constricted. Blood flow is blocked by the constriction ... Moyamoya disease-5 (MYMY5; 614042) is caused by mutation in the ACTA2 gene (102620) on chromosome 10q23.3; and moyamoya disease ...

*Blood hammer

... understanding and treatment of vascular diseases. Damsa T., et al. (1976). ""Blood-hammer" phenomenon in cerebral hemodynamics ... already used in vascular physiology to designate an arterial pulse variety, the "water-hammer pulse." Complete understanding of ... The term "blood-hammer" was introduced in cerebral hemodynamics by analogy with the hydraulic expression "water hammer," ... "The influence of the non-Newtonian properties of blood on blood-hammer through the posterior cerebral artery". Mathematical ...

*Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome

... and may or may not have a history of lupus or another connective tissue disease. Association with another disease such as lupus ... Cerebral manifestations may lead to encephalopathy and seizures. Myocardial infarctions may occur. Strokes may occur due to the ... arterial clotting involvement. Death may result from multiple organ failure. Treatments may involve the following steps: ... When maintaining survival of the disease treatments also include high doses of Rituxan (Rituximab) to maintain stability. Walsh ...

*Almitrine

... arterial oxygen tension while decreasing arterial carbon dioxide tension in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... The clinical efficacy of almitrine-raubasine combination therapy for age related cerebral disorders and functional ...

*Naftidrofuryl

... is also licensed for the treatment of intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease. Naftidrofuryl ... is a vasodilator used in the management of peripheral and cerebral vascular disorders. It is also claimed to enhance cellular ...

*Subclavian steal syndrome

... reaches the basilar artery or goes around the cerebral arterial circle and descends via the (contralateral) vertebral artery to ... Subclavian steal syndrome (SSS), also called subclavian steal phenomenon or subclavian steal steno-occlusive disease, is a ... Vascular access steal syndrome Peripheral artery disease Klingelhöfer J, Conrad B, Benecke R, Frank B (1988). "Transcranial ... associated with other stigmata of vascular disease (e.g. vascular insufficiency ulcers of the Fingers). Atherosclerosis ...

*Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania

... most of which are arterial abrasions or tumors. These include aneurysms in the circle of Willis, middle cerebral artery ... CPH is a long-term disease with symptoms lasting for longer than a year, either without remission or with remissions that last ...

*Harden Askenasy

... cerebral arterial aneurysms, thrombolysis, and arterial venous malformations.[citation needed] Professor Askenasy researched ... They were all sent there to die from disease and hunger. While they were in the camp, Askenasy was obligated to clean the ... He also established a relationship between meningiomas, extrapyramidal disorder, and Parkinson's disease.[citation needed] The ... for intra-arterial endovascular navigation to brain circulation. This approach was an early development for endovascular ...

*Vasa vasorum

Cerebral blood vessels are devoid of vasa vasorum; however, these vessels have rete vasorum, which have similar function to ... In the human descending aorta, vasa vasorum cease to supply the arterial walls with oxygenated blood at the level of the renal ... and thus are involved in pathogenesis of peripheral vascular and nerve diseases. A tear in vasa vasorum situated in tunica ... He postulated that inflammation compromises the integrity of the arterial wall. He noted that arteries with thin walls, not ...

*Complications of hypertension

Cerebral blood flow remains unchanged over a wide range of arterial pressures (mean arterial pressure of 50-150 mmHg) through a ... renal disease, and peripheral arterial disease. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality ... Gardner AW, Afaq A (2008). "MANAGEMENT OF LOWER EXTREMITY PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE". Journal of Cardiopulmonary ... These are also risk factors for renal disease progression and for cardiovascular disease. Diabetes has several complications of ...

*Digital subtraction angiography

Arterial stenosis, which is particularly useful for potential kidney donors in detecting renal artery stenosis. DSA is the gold ... Cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVM). DSA is done less and less routinely in imaging departments. It is ... Angiography Computed tomography angiography (CTA) Contrast medium Peripheral artery disease X-ray image intensifier Martin, ... It is useful in the diagnosis and treatment of: Arterial and venous occlusions, including carotid artery stenosis, pulmonary ...

*History of neurology and neurosurgery

As already mentioned, he was the first to use the word "neurology." A beginning of the understanding of disease came with the ... A hemiplegic patient who could not speak led Paul Broca (1824-1880) to the view that functions in the cerebral cortex were ... the circle of vessels that enables arterial supply of the brain. He had some notions as to brain function, including a vague ... Thomas Willis in 1664, published his Anatomy of the Brain, followed by Cerebral Pathology in 1667. He removed the brain from ...

*List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system

Cerebral thrombosis with cerebral infarction (434.1) Cerebral embolism (434.10) Cerebral embolism without cerebral infarction ( ... 440) Atherosclerosis (440.1) Stenosis of renal artery (440.2) Peripheral Arterial Disease (440.21) Peripheral Arterial Disease ... Occlusion of cerebral arteries (434.0) Cerebral thrombosis (434.00) Cerebral thrombosis without cerebral infarction (434.01) ... 436) Acute but ill-defined cerebrovascular disease (437) Other and ill-defined cerebrovascular disease (437.0) Cerebral ...
Radiation therapy can cause cerebral arteriopahty, resulting in ischemic stroke. We document late-delayed cerebral arteriopathy by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) in a middle aged man who had cranial irradiation 19 years earlier. A 45-year-old man was diagnosed with frontal lobe glioma 19 years ago and was treated with radiation after surgical resection. He was admitted to our hospital with an acute cerebral infarction in November 8, 2017. Traditional MRI examination and HR-MRI (sagittal, reconstruction of coronal and axial) were performed at admission. He was treated with prednisone (30 mg/day) and clinical symptoms disappeared after 3 months by telephone follow-up. Our patient complained of dizziness and blurred vision and traditional MRI examination indicated acute ischemic stroke in temporal lobe and occipital lobe and microbleeds. In order to define the exact mechanism of stroke, blood tests, auto-immune screening and thrombophilia were performed and results were normal.
Informasjon og diagnosebeskrivelsene er lenker til eksterne Internettsider.. En diagnose kan ha flere navn, både på norsk og de andre språkene. En liste over disse finner du på slutten av siden. ...
The instability of carotid and coronary plaques has been reported to be associated with acute coronary syndrome, strokes and other cerebrovascular events. Therefore, recognition of the tissue characteristics of carotid and coronary plaques is important to understand and prevent coronary and cerebral artery disease. Recently, an ultrasound integrated backscatter (IB) technique has been developed. The ultrasound IB power ratio is a function of the difference in acoustic characteristic impedance between the medium and target tissue, and the acoustic characteristic impedance is determined by the density of tissue multiplied by the speed of sound. This concept allows for tissue characterization of carotid and coronary plaques for risk stratification of patients with coronary and cerebral artery disease. Two- and three-dimensional IB color-coded maps for the evaluation of tissue components consist of four major components: fibrous, dense fibrosis, lipid pool and calcification. Although several ultrasound
Metabolomics is a large-scale approach to monitoring as many as possible of the compounds involved in cellular processes in a single assay to derive metabolic profiles. Compared with genomics or proteomics, metabolomics reflects changes in phenotype and therefore function. Collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a newly developed, noninvasive method that may allow clinicians and researchers to assess biochemical profiles in the alveolar lining fluid. The aims of this study are: (1)Collecting and metabolomic profiling of the EBCs from patients with COPD/bronchiectasis; (2) Comparing the profiles of these patients obtained during stable and acute exacerbation periods; (3) Comparing the profiles of these patients with and without Pseudomonas colonization/infection; (4) Correlation of EBC metabolomic profiles with clinical phenotypes, severity and outcomes of these patients ...
This is the first case report of a CADASIL patient with MCA stenosis who underwent STA-MCA bypass to increase cerebral perfusion in the localized ischemic area. In CADASIL, reductions in both CBF and CVR occur in white matter showing T2-hyperintensity. It has been suggested that the degeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells causes arteriopathy, which leads to cerebral hypoperfusion and impaired autoregulation (Chabriat et al. 2000; Huang et al. 2010; Singhal and Markus 2005; van den Boom et al. 2003). Interestingly, the white-matter hyperintensity in the temporal lobe was found predominant in the left side in this case. This asymmetry of white-matter hyperintensity is very unusual rare in CADASIL, since it would suggest that these lesions do not originate from ischemia, but edema instead. The lower extent observed in the most hypoperfused temporal lobe further support that these lesions are not related to ischemia but mat actually result from edema with blood brain barrier dysfunction. ...
Ive been blessed with two generally pleasant children. When either of them is grumpy or impossible, its usually a sign that something is w...
Authors: Allen, Rachael S. , Sayeed, Iqbal , Oumarbaeva, Yuliya , Morrison, Katherine C. , Choi, Paul H. , Pardue, Machelle T. , Stein, Donald G. Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Background/Objective: To determine whether inflammation increases in retina as it does in brain following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and whether the neurosteroid progesterone, shown to have protective effects in both retina and brain after MCAO, reduces inflammation in retina as well as brain. Methods: MCAO rats treated systemically with progesterone or vehicle were compared with shams. Protein levels of cytosolic NF-κ B, nuclear NF-κ B, phosphorylated NF-κ B, IL-6, TNF-α, CD11b, progesterone receptor A and B, and pregnane X receptor were assessed in retinas and brains at 24 and 48 h using western blots. Results: …Following MCAO, significant increases were observed in the following inflammatory markers: pNF-κ B and CD11b at 24 h in both brain and retina, nuclear NF-κ B at 24 h in brain and ...
The webs technology news site of record, Techmeme spotlights the hottest tech stories from all around the web on a single page.
Pre-made tests on Misery Mid-Book Test - Easy, including multiple choice, short answer, short essay, and in-depth essay questions.
Стиль: Brutal Death Группа: Reincarnation Видео: The Streets Never Sleep (Клип) Альбом: The Beginning Of The End (2015) Год: 2015 С ...
Duckcore is the first with this EP. For an unknown band these guys make some pretty mean deathcore. Definitely worth a listen to ...
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a fairly recently described constellation of clinical and radiological features: sudden, severe ("thunderclap") headache; transient, multifocal, segmental vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries lasting several weeks to months; and focal neurological symptoms, sometimes with stroke. The features of what is now called RCVS have been repeatedly recognized, especially since an influential early report by Drs Call and Fleming et al1 published in 1988. A similar syndrome has attracted many different names, depending on whether patients present to specialists in headache, obstetrics, or neurology. These include thunderclap headache with vasospasm, migrainous vasospasm (or "crash" migraine), migrainous angiitis, drug-induced angiitis, postpartum angiopathy, and benign angiopathy of the central nervous system. The label RCVS is an attempt to unify these various descriptions of a distinct clinico-radiological pattern. Nevertheless, there remains ...
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by severe thunderclap headache, with or without associated neurological symptoms and neuroimaging findings of reversible vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries. Puerperium is a recognized precipitant, but the incidence of puerperal RCVS is unknown. We conducted a prospective study to assess incidence, risk factors and clinical features of RCVS. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Nine-hundred consecutive puerperae were prospectively enrolled within three days of delivery. Past medical history, basal demographic, anthropometric and biological variables were recorded. Transcranial Colour Coded Sonography (TCCS) was performed to assess early signs of vasospasm in brain vessels. A structured telephone interview was planned in all subjects one month postdelivery. RESULTS: Thunderclap headache was recorded in 8 subjects (0.9%) on the first visit. At the one month follow-up interview 27 more patients reported having had at
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a group of conditions with a common clinical and radiologic presentation. It is characterized by thunderclap headache and reversible vasoconstriction of the cerebral arteries. Terminology ...
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS, sometimes called Call-Fleming syndrome) is a disease characterized by a weeks-long course of thunderclap headaches, sometimes focal neurologic signs, and occasionally seizures. Symptoms are thought to arise from transient abnormalities in the blood vessels of the brain. In some cases, it may be associated with childbirth, vasoactive or illicit drug use, or complications of pregnancy. For the vast majority of patients, all symptoms disappear on their own within three weeks. Deficits persist in a small minority of patients, with severe complications or death being very rare. Because symptoms resemble a variety of life-threatening conditions, differential diagnosis is necessary. The key symptom of RCVS is recurrent thunderclap headaches, which over 95% of patients experience. In two-thirds of cases, it is the only symptom. These headaches are typically bilateral, very severe and peak in intensity within a minute. They may last from minutes to ...
ObjectivesTo further improve the distinction between primary angiitis of the CNS (PACNS) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS).MethodsWe compared 2 large French cohorts of patients with PACNS (n = 110, retrospectively and prospectively enrolled) and RCVS (n = 173, prospectively en
Details of the image Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) with associated convexity subarachnoid haemorrhage, nimodipine-reversibility Modality: DSA (angiography) (External carotid artery)
1) Influence of sodium consumption and associated knowledge on post-stroke hypertension in Uganda 2) e-Pearl topic: Transient cerebral arteriopathy 3) Topic of the month: Neurologic prognosis following cardiac arrest This podcast for the Neurology Journal begins and closes with Dr. Robert Gross, Editor-in-Chief, briefly discussing highlighted articles from the print issue of Neurology. In the second segment Dr. Justin Sattin interviews Dr. Larry Goldstein about his paper on the influence of sodium consumption and its associated knowledge on post-stroke patients with and without a history of hypertension in Uganda. Dr. Adam Num Read More 1) Influence of sodium consumption and associated knowledge on post-stroke hypertension in Uganda 2) e-Pearl topic: Transient cerebral arteriopathy 3) Topic of the month: Neurologic prognosis following cardiac arrest This podcast for the Neurology Journal begins and closes with Dr. Robert Gross, Editor-in-Chief, briefly discussing highlighted articles from the ...
RCVS is a cerebrovascular disorder that can be occur as late as 3 weeks after an uncomplicated pregnancy, characteristic neuroimaging finding accompanied by severe and acute headache are important key features to consider RCVS diagnosis.. Here were present a 39-year-old woman, presented with headache and subsequent right hemiparesis 3 weeks after abortion. First brain CT scan was unremarkable. Brain CT angiography showed multiple segmental stenosis and at later scans, she developed sub arachnid hemorrhage (SAH) which is a pathognomonic feature of RCVS. She was treated with calcium channel blocker and headache relieved and hemiparesis was improved. Final diagnosis was made based on normal trans-cranial Doppler (TCD) study after 4 weeks of symptoms onset.. ...
Background and purpose: Atherosclerotic stenosis of major intracranial arteries accounts for 5 to 10% of all causes of stroke. The Warfarin versus Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease (WASID) Study has demonstrated stroke onset in 5 among 100 patients with asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis (AIAS) during the follow-up period of 1.8 years. However, there are no prospective studies of intracranial stenosis in healthy subjects with a longer follow-up period. We conducted a 7-years longitudinal study in healthy subjects with AIAS to examine its risk factors and prognosis.. Methods: We performed a prospective study on 3,155 neurologically normal subjects without history of stroke (1724 men, 1431 woman, mean age of 59). They were followed up with the mean interval of 83 months to obtain information about their stroke event with a questionnaire by mail or telephone interview and inquiry to the relevant medical facilities. AIAS were assessed on MRA at the time of first visit for all ...
Cerebral Vasculitis Definition Vasculitis a condition is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessel walls. Cerebral Vasculitis is one form of this disease that involves the CNS. It usually involves the brain and at times, the spinal cord. Sometimes, the word Vasculitis in the name of the condition is replaced
migraine with aura cerebral infarction and dementia other cerebral vascular disorders in particular cerebral venous thrombosis reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and cervical artery dissection the genetics and treatment of migraine Jean Pierre Kahane Professor Emeritus Paris Sud University Member of the Académie des sciences Xavier Lacroix Professor Emeritus Lyon Catholic University former Director of the Institut des sciences de la famille de Lyon former Dean of the Theology Faculty of Lyon member of the Academic Corpus of the Académie catholique de France Xavier VANDENDRIESSCHE Professor of Law President Lille 2 Law and Health University Francis Puech Gynaecologist Obstetrician Professor Emeritus President of the Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français National College of French Gynaecologists and Obstetricians President of the Commission Nationale de la Naissance et de la Santé de l Enfant DGS DGOS National Commission on Childbirth and Children s Health ...
Specific patterns of white matter hyperintensities in the brain may guide diagnosis of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, a disorder predominantly characterized by severe thunderclap headaches.
This study will recruit 480 acute stroke patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis (M1 segment of Middle cerebral artery (MCA) or basilar artery).. They will be randomly assigned into cilostazol group or clopidogrel group. Every patients will take 100mg of aspirin a day additionally.. The primary outcome variable of this study is Progression rate of symptomatic intracranial stenosis on magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA). ...
Strong correlations between plasma lipoprotein concentrations and the risk of stroke have never been clearly established. Unlike coronary heart disease, there is no significant direct relation between an increased risk of stroke and increased plasma total cholesterol or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol; nor is there an inverse relation with high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.1 Indeed, an inverse relation exists between total cholesterol concentrations and cerebral haemorrhage.2. The reasons for this weak or absent relation are several. The most compelling is that virtually all coronary heart disease can be ascribed to coronary atheroma, whereas less than half the incidence of stroke is due to large vessel atheroma. Non-atheromatous causes such as cardiac arrhythmias, small cerebral artery disease, and cortical degeneration are responsible for most of the rest. Another is that, in general, coronary deaths occur at a younger age than strokes, so the population with raised plasma ...
The importance of recognizing and proactively managing impaired swallowing should not be underestimated. Dysphagia is seen in 42-67% of patients within the first 72 hours post stroke.{ref5} Per stroke... more
Finally it was time for the headliners, Misery Index. Their muscle bound drummer to his kit and did a bit or warming up as the settings were perfected on his drum triggers. His kick drums sounded great. The band had played an all ages show the night before and they commented on how they were surprised that so many people turned up on the second night to see them. I didn?t go to the all ages show since I feel like some dirty old man when hanging around with a load of 15 year olds. Those shows should not be called ?all ages? but more like ?teens only? since anyone over 19 stands out. Anyway, back to the bar show. As mentioned earlier, I was not expecting a whole lot from the band, and it turns out that was a good thing because as soon as they started playing I looked at Rick with a grin and we both realized we were in for a treat. In the live situation the band didn?t sound like noise, or like grind-core. They played brutal death metal, and they played it tight. The bands riffing chops are killer. ...
If youre sick of banning or deleting troublemakers on your Drupal website, you might want to check out Misery, the module designed to give trolls a taste of their own medicine. Creating a random length delay for a user, redirecting them to a random page, presenting them with a 404 error, and crashi...
Tony Vigorito is the author of the award-winning and critically-acclaimed underground hits, "Just a Couple of Days," "Nine Kinds of Naked," and "Love and Other Pranks." Visit TonyVigorito.com to read extended samples from all of his novels ...
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL), familial vascular leukoencephalopathy. Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
The antidepressant, which may take weeks to begin working,. Citalopram is part of a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors,.5 going from citalopram to lexapro 6 does lexapro or zoloft cause more weight gain. 9 is it ok to take lexapro every other day 10 lexapro high dose side effects.Take citalopram at around the. to explain any part you do not understand. Take citalopram exactly. Celexa oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures.Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome:. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome in a. not to take Hydroxycut and citalopram,.can you take niacin with celexa Celexa make u sleepy, i like celexa better than lexapro Celexa no prescription medicine. Citalopram is any dairy product can cause.. Community Experts online right now. Ask for FREE. Ask Your Question Fast!.What You Need to Know about Citalopram Withdrawal. When taking anti-depressants such as Citalopram, patients must not discontinue use without the advice of a ...
Details of the image Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) Modality: MRI (T2)
Details of the image Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) Modality: MRI (Ax T2 C2-T1)
© Cambridge University Press 2014. Introduction: Cerebral ischemia is thought to be an important disease mechanism in cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). It has been hypothesized that acute ischemia in the territory of the perforating artery results in lacunar stroke, while chronic ischemia occurring in the distal territories of the perforating arteries results in changes to cerebral white-matter, known as leukoaraiosis. The spatial pattern of leukoaraiosis, with changes first occurring in the brain regions furthest from the origin of the perforating arteries, would be consistent with disease occurring due to hypoperfusion. This has led to the suggestion that cerebral blood flow (CBF) is reduced in SVD, and many studies have been performed to investigate this issue. In addition, cerebral arteriopathy underlying SVD may also impair the ability of small cerebral vessels to vasodilate, leading to problems maintaining perfusion in response to drops in blood pressure and perfusion pressure. Impairments of
Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndromes (RCVS) comprises a group of diverse conditions, all characterized by spasm of the brain vessels. The main symptom of RCVS is sudden, severe headaches. Strokes or bleeding into the brain may or may not be present. RCVS was previously named benign angiopathy of the central nervous system (BACNS) but the term was recently changed to include other similar disorders.. RCVS is a major mimic of central nervous system vasculitis and should be distinguished from it given the difference in the treatment and the outlook between the two disorders.. Abnormality in the control of brain blood vessel pressure is believed to be the critical element in the pathophysiology of RCVS. The alteration in vascular tone may be spontaneous or evoked by various exogenous or endogenous factors. There is no evidence of vasculitic changes in the brain tissue in RCVS.. It is essential for clinicians evaluating patients for CNS vasculitis to be aware of RCVS and to distinguish it ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated OEF is a surrogate for misery perfusion. Our aim was to detect misery perfusion in patients with unilateral steno-occlusive disease of the ICA or MCA by using T2*-based MR imaging and to determine the relationship between brain ischemia and OEF.. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with unilateral steno-occlusive disease of the ICA or MCA and 8 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Hemodynamic information was obtained in all subjects by MR imaging. Three regions of interest were placed in the anterior, middle, and posterior parts of the brain bilaterally to measure the OEF and CBF values, The OEFs of the regions of interest in the hemispheres ipsilateral and contralateral to the vascular lesions were compared. Brain regions with OEF greater than that in controls were determined as misery perfusion in patients. The association of vascular lesions, rCBF, and the presence of territory infarction with elevated OEF was investigated.. RESULTS: There ...
Female gender, which is abolished following ovariectomy and reproductive senescence, is associated with improved outcome following cerebral stroke. Estrogen replacement partially restores this benefit of the female gender but the effect of progesterone in hormone-deficient animals is currently unknown. We evaluated various outcomes following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in ovariectomised female mice, with a physiologically relevant restoration of progesterone levels. Ovariectomised female mice had significantly elevated plasma (P=,0.05) and brain progesterone levels (P=,0.01) following implantation of a 21-day release pellet (50mg) compared with mice that received placebo implants 7 days prior to undergoing 60 min MCAO. Assessment of well-being (body weight recovery) and neurological score at 24h and 48h post-MCAO indicated that MCAO significantly worsened outcome compared with sham-operated mice but progesterone had no effect. MCAO resulted in a substantial lesion formation and a ...
When blood flow to part of the brain is blocked or reduced, the brain tissue is impacted and brain cells begin to die. This is known as a stroke. When an infant or child under the age of 18 has a stroke, it is known as a pediatric stroke.
Typefaces have predetermined spacing between words that is dictated by the point size and width of a typestyle, the darkness or density of the typeface, and the openness or tightness of the letterspacing. For text set ragged right (unjustified), word spacing may be fixed and unchanging. However, for text that is set flush left and flush right (justified), the spacing may need to be more flexible. For justified text, an average word space of a fourth of an em is ideal, with a minimum and maximum range of a fifth of an em to half an em. |
Typefaces have predetermined spacing between words that is dictated by the point size and width of a typestyle, the darkness or density of the typeface, and the openness or tightness of the letterspacing. For text set ragged right (unjustified), word spacing may be fixed and unchanging. However, for text that is set flush left and flush right (justified), the spacing may need to be more flexible. For justified text, an average word space of a fourth of an em is ideal, with a minimum and maximum range of a fifth of an em to half an em. |
Rory McIlroy, armed with advice from Australian Greg Norman, returns to the scene of his first PGA Tour title looking to regain his stride after a stunning blowup at last month`s Masters.
I POAS this morning 2days before af is due, just to put myself out of my misery, it was a very faint BFP!!! trying no to get excited but when i have tested before have had nothing in that window!! keeping legs crossed until 2moro so i can test again, how hard will that be, am so shocked cos was convinced otherwise!!!good luck to everyone!!x ...
BRAIN ischemia stroke is a devastating disease, with more than 10% stroke patients either severely disabled or dead. Although rodent fil- ament middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model can mimic human brain ischemic stroke well, its wide use was
Electron microscopy of the skin biopsy showed proliferation of vascular smooth-muscle cells, crenation of the internal elastic lamina and fragmentation of elastic fibres. The basement membrane was irregular and osmiophilic granules were observed.. Neurophysiological examination showed normal visual, auditory and somatosensory evoked potentials, while the EEG revealed a single focal burst of sharp transients left mid-temporally; the alpha rhythm showed lower voltage on the left side.. Case 5. A 67-year-old white woman presented with memory problems and behavioural disturbances. The short-term memory loss had commenced 3 years previously; the behavioural disturbances were more recent, involving paranoid delusions, inappropriate behaviour and an obsession with sweets and diet pills. Episodes of confusion and a gait disturbance involving stiffness of the right leg had been noticed. Previously, the patient had suffered from migraine and had been treated for depression. She did not smoke. At least 2 ...
Cerebral vasculitis or central nervous system vasculitis (sometimes the word angiitis is used instead of "vasculitis") is vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessel wall) involving the brain and occasionally the spinal cord. It affects all of the vessels: very small blood vessels (capillaries), medium-size blood vessels (arterioles and venules), or large blood vessels (arteries and veins). If blood flow in a vessel with vasculitis is reduced or stopped, the parts of the body that receive blood from that vessel begins to die. It may produce a wide range of neurological symptoms, such as headache, skin rashes, feeling very tired, joint pains, difficulty moving or coordinating part of the body, changes in sensation, and alterations in perception, thought or behavior, as well as the phenomena of a mass lesion in the brain leading to coma and herniation. Some of its signs and symptoms may resemble multiple sclerosis. 10% have associated bleeding in the brain. "Primary" Central Nervous System (CNS) ...
An awake-primate model has been developed which permits reversible middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion during physiological monitoring. This method eliminates the ischemia-modifying effects of anesthesia, and permits correlation of neurological function with cerebral blood flow (CBF) and neuropathology. The model was used to assess the brains tolerance to focal cerebral ischemia. The MCA was occluded for 15 or 30 minutes, 2 to 3 hours, or permanently. Serial monitoring evaluated neurological function, local CBF (hydrogen clearance), and other physiological parameters (blood pressure, blood gases, and intracranial pressure). After 2 weeks, neuropathological evaluation identified infarcts and their relation to blood flow recording sites.. Middle cerebral artery occlusion usually caused substantial decreases in local CBF. Variable reduction in flow correlated directly with the variable severity of deficit. Release of occlusion at up to 3 hours led to clinical improvement. Pathological ...
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is the most common hereditary vascular dementia. CADASIL is a systemic disease of small and medium-sized arteries although the symptoms are almost exclusively neurological, including migraineous headache, recurrent ischemic episodes, cognitive impairment and, finally, subcortical dementia. CADASIL is caused by over 170 different mutations in the NOTCH3 gene, which encodes a receptor expressed in adults predominantly in the vascular smooth muscle cells. The function of NOTCH3 is not crucial for embryonic development but is needed after birth. NOTCH3 directs postnatal arterial maturation and helps to maintain arterial integrity. It is involved in regulation of vascular tone and in the wound healing of a vascular injury. In addition, NOTCH3 promotes cell survival by inducing expression of anti-apoptotic proteins. NOTCH3 is a membrane-spanning protein with a large extracellular domain (N3ECD) ...
Dear Donor,. Thank you for visiting my fundraising page!. I am honored and privileged to have been given the opportunity to represent my Patient Partner with a Rare Disease (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy-CADASIL) and most importantly raise awareness/support of her condition. As you know, sympathy alone doesnt lead to cure rather funding research to find the cause is the only way. As part of the Running for Rare Diseases team, we are raising money to support NORD, the National Organization for Rare Disorders. Specifically, our funds are directed to the Genzyme/NORD NIH Undiagnosed Diseases Program (UDP) to help those who are undiagnosed pay for testing. With your help I strongly believe we can make a difference in peoples lives.. I truly appreciate your support and I will work hard to train and complete the Marathon in order to fulfill my obligation.. ...
The central nervous system is rarely involved in rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper the authors report a case of a 50-year-old woman who had rheumatoid arthritis for about 6 years. A month before...
Stroke Symposium: Intracranial Artery Disease (Chairs: Kurt Niederkorn, Thomas Gattringer). Kurt Niederkorn (Graz): Overview and Medical Management of Intracranial Atherosclerosis. Hannes Deutschmann (Graz): Neuroradiological Diagnosis and Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Artery Disease. Markus Kneihsl (Graz): Neurosonography in the Diagnosis and Management of Intracranial Vascular Disease. Thomas Gattringer (Graz): Cerebral Vasculitis and Differential ...
Greenham M, Gordon AL, Cooper A, Ditchfield M, Coleman L, Hunt RW, Mackay MT, Monagle P, Anderson V. Social functioning following pediatric stroke: contribution of neurobehavioral impairment. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 43 (4) : 312 - 328(2018) PubMed ...
O son of Kunti, at the end of the millennium every material manifestation enters unto My nature, and at the beginning of another millennium, by My potency I again create. The whole cosmic order is under Me. By My will is it manifested again and again, and by My will is it annihilated at the end." (Bg. 9.7-8). All of these living entities are subject to the threefold miseries, including those miseries pertaining to the body and mind. Animals cannot understand that they are suffering, but human beings can. One who does not know that he is suffering is in animal consciousness. Animals may be standing behind a fence to be slaughtered, but they do not understand this.. As human beings, we should be cognizant that we are suffering the pains of birth, old age, disease and death and should be inquisitive to know how to avoid these miseries. We have been suffering from the beginning of our birth when as a baby we were tightly placed for nine months in the womb of a mother. After birth, suffering ...
The procedure, which is a world first, involves removing large growths from the bowel in a far less radical fashion than is currently performed. Pictured: A stock image of a stoma bag.
I *think* this can be normal and is likely temporary. I have a good friend who has run dozens of 1/2 marathons, and a BIL who ran a full. I was training for a 1/2 two years ago when I got pregnant . . . I was only up to 10K and never ended up running more than that (and wasnt sure I could!). Most people tell me you really can pull it out on the day of the run and go that long distance, even if youre not used to it. I have heard the pain is pretty common at this point (not sure about the headaches though??), and it should pass if you continue - within reason. Dont push yourself too much, obviously ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor responses in the rat middle cerebral artery are blocked by inhibiting IKCa channels alone, contrasting with peripheral vessels where block of both IKCa and SKCa is required. As the contribution of IKCa and SKCa to endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization differs in peripheral arteries, depending on the level of arterial constriction, we investigated the possibility that SKCa might contribute to equivalent hyperpolarization in cerebral arteries under certain conditions. METHODS: Rat middle cerebral arteries (approximately 175 microm) were mounted in a wire myograph. The effect of KCa channel blockers on endothelium-dependent responses to the protease-activated receptor 2 agonist, SLIGRL (20 micromol/L), were then assessed as simultaneous changes in tension and membrane potential. These data were correlated with the distribution of arterial KCa channels revealed with immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: SLIGRL hyperpolarized and relaxed cerebral
Representative Publications:. Testini P, Min HK, Bashir A, Lee KH. Deep Brain Stimulation for Tourettes Syndrome: The Case for Targeting the Thalamic Centromedian-Parafascicular Complex. Frontiers in Neurology 2016 Nov 10; 7:193.. Qureshi AI, Qureshi MH, Lobanova I, Bashir A, Khan AA, Bologna SM, Peterson M, Suri MF Histopathological Characteristics of IV Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen -Resistant Thrombi in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke. J Vasc Interv Neurol. 2016 Jan; 8(5):38-45.. Dababneh H, Hussain M, Bashir A Mystery case: A case of Oil in the ventricles - Deception for intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurology 2015; 85; e30-e31. Kemp WJ, Bashir A, Dababneh H, Cohen-Gadol AA. Cushings Ulcer: Further Reflections. Asian J Neurosurgery 2015 Apr-Jun; 10(2):87-94.. Uhegwu N, Bashir A, Hussain M, Dababneh H, Misthal S, Cohen-Godal AA. Marijuana induced reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. J Vasc Interv Neurol. 2015 Feb; 8(1):36-8.. Uhegwu N, Bashir A, Dababneh H, Hussain M, Misthal S, ...
Looking for online definition of spontaneous pulmonary arteriopathy in the Medical Dictionary? spontaneous pulmonary arteriopathy explanation free. What is spontaneous pulmonary arteriopathy? Meaning of spontaneous pulmonary arteriopathy medical term. What does spontaneous pulmonary arteriopathy mean?
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Middle Cerebral Artery CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident of Middle Cerebral Artery, MCA CVA.
Are the branches of the middle cerebral artery considered seperate and distinct vessels for the purposes of catheter placement and interventions (ie.
No improper use of force by police is acceptable. Racist cops are completely unacceptable. But sometimes those two factors dont intersect. A good cop can err while using force against a person of another colour without being a racist. And it is possible that a racially biased white officer can be totally justified to use force against a black suspect, including deadly force IF the bias was not a factor.
The Prelude Ease hydrophilic sheath is designed specifically for accessing the radial artery with ease. The hydrophilic sheath can reduce arterial spasms.
Contact ePrints Soton: [email protected] ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2. This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.. ...
The Sapphire II PRO PTA is specifically engineered for crossing the most difficult peripheral lesions and tracking tortuous anatomy, tailored for every lesion size.. ......Read more ...
Whether it be GMO salmon, grainfed beef, barn raised poultry or stall raised pork / veak we all should be avoiding it for two reasons; The end product is full of unnatural things and the poor animal has not lived a healthy and natural life. Animals really do have emotions and they do get depressed especially happens when they are confined and made to live in an environment that is not natural to them. What people are actually eating when they eat the abovementioned foods is a plate of misery. Misery from the animals life and misery in your own because those hormones and unnatural things are piling up in your body and doing unnatural things to you too. We are what we eat after all and the same goes for the meat you eat - it is what it was fed ...
A drug pump implanted in the ear is the latest approach for tackling tinnitus which works by releasing a powerful new medicine that calms the overactive nerves.
The only albums from this decade I seem to have rated a 10 this decade are Sylosis - Edge of the earth and Monolith, and ORwarriOR, and Im not convinced by ...
Assumptions I dont need no doctor Cause I know whats ailing me I dont need no doctor Cause I know whats ailing me All I need is my baby You dont know Im in misery (Humble Pie) Late in my career I went back to school for a Masters Degree in Medical Management. This was…
Looking for online definition of Aspirin Versus Anticoagulants in Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis in the Medical Dictionary? Aspirin Versus Anticoagulants in Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis explanation free. What is Aspirin Versus Anticoagulants in Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis? Meaning of Aspirin Versus Anticoagulants in Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis medical term. What does Aspirin Versus Anticoagulants in Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis mean?
In Misery, Annie was furious when Paul killed off her favorite character, the unironically titled Misery. Since this was before the Internet, she couldnt just post a lot of angry messages in all caps (but no swear words) on a Paul Sheldon fansite. Besides he was right there, in her guest bedroom, incapacitated, so best to just drug him and break his ankles and stuff ...
Misery Needs Company Lyrics: Intro: [police sirens] / and (Fat Joe) talking / (What the deal Nore, got word from the penal? How niggas doin?) / (Shit - shittin on my name? Fuck they talkin about?) / (Nah
67 Bilateral infarction in the posterior cerebral artery ofr bution is the most common etiology and is often due to ver- tebrobasilar ischemia. 27.
A drugs expert claims a new Home Office review into the herbal stimulant qat is intended to pave the way for an unjustified ban so that the government can appear tough on drugs. Qat, which is...
Note: I remember how, as a kid, we especially used to dislike and fear spiteful children. Perhaps especially those pretty, perfect ballet-dancing type girls, the ones whom the adults thought of as especially good, and always believed - but whose greatest pleasure seemed to be asserting their superiority with barbed comments and insightful criticisms that you couldnt stop thinking about; and who quietly delighted in getting other children into as much trouble as possible, whenever a safe opportunity arose. And of course there were plenty of boy tormentors too - including the most dominant and popular kid; who would terrorize, or make gangs in order to enjoy the misery of their victims. But, in general, spitefulness caused more childhood misery than almost any other cause - and it was a special bliss, a kind of paradise, to be among any group of kids that was free of such characters. ...
my name is jennifer and i have been suffering with PT for some six weeks it is getting worse i cant sleep and it is taking over my life what a misery...
NECROSIS occurring in the ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY system, including branches such as Heubners artery. These arteries supply blood to the medial and superior parts of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, Infarction in the anterior cerebral artery usually results in sensory and motor impairment in the lower body ...
Background: Atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery (MCA) disease may produce subcortical infarction either in the upper part (corona radiata, CR) or in the lower area (internal capsule, IC) of the pyramidal tract. The study aimed to see whether the location of MCA stenosis (proximal vs distal) determines the location of subcortical infarction.. Methods: 62 consecutive patients who developed an acute (,72 h) infarction either on the CR or IC confirmed by diffusion-weighted MRI due to corresponding focal MCA M1 stenosis assessed by MR angiography were studied. The distance between the MCA origin and the centre of stenotic portion (S) and that between the MCA origin and its bifurcation site (M) were measured. Based on the S/M ratio, stenotic lesions were divided into "proximal and "distal. The relationship between the location of arterial stenosis and the location of infarcts was analysed.. Results: Thirteen of 31 patients (41.9%) with proximal M1 stenosis had IC lesions, while 26 (83.9%) of 31 ...
A thunderclap headache is an uncommon presentation of headache but is important to recognise because it is often associated with serious vascular intracranial disorders, and should therefore be investigated urgently. Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is the foremost consideration, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction the next most common cause. The causes and diagnostic approach to patients with thunderclap headache are discussed.. ...
Definition of postcommunicating part of anterior cerebral artery. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
What is to follow are ten tracks of solid, raging and infectiously catchy music. Although the album falls into one conceptual dimension it being to offer the masses aggressive and groove fueled extreme metal, Misery Index increase the value of their effort by succeeding in exploring a healthily varied approach of their set objective. This means that Traitors will have you floored by the time the record reaches its end. The group can either choose to play through well balanced fast-paced death/grind with monumental tracks such as Occupation and Black Sites or they can resort to the ultra-violence and shoot you down with a three round burst semi-automatic machine gun with incendiary grindcore tracks like Ruling Class Cancelled, The Arbiter and American Idolatry all consecutive to each other. That isnt the sum of it as Misery Index have proven with this album that they can set the tone for some seriously good, sinister and morose music with mid-paced punishers in Ghosts Of Catalonia ...
Health, ...FRIDAY Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- A trend toward a longer allergy se...Allergy season used to run from mid-August through September but in m...The main culprit behind the seasonal misery: ragweed. One ragweed plan...Research suggests this prolonged window for allergies is the result of...,Longer,Allergy,Season,Means,More,Misery,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Immunity for members of Parliament is outdated if there is suspicion of wrongdoing and if a crime needs to be investigated, says the appointee for Chancellor of Justice, Ülle Madise.
Epidemiology 1.2-13 cases per 100000 (really rare), but it is frequently misdiagnosed/underdiagnosed. Clinical presentations Focal neurological signs (similar to adult, and therefore not hard to make a dx if you consider it) Non specific symptoms, especially in infants: sleepiness, irritability, feeding difficulty, hypotonia - The younger the children, the more non-specific the symptoms are.\ Causes:…
Along with confusion came a bit of (ahem) insecurity with regard to some of the dance moves going on. At times, I found the instructor and those around me "twerking." By no means was I offended by their very non-ambiguous chest- and butt-thrusting, however, as a man, I felt ill-equipped and unjustified to join in on the action. But I didnt want to just stand motionless, while all the women twerked, because I thought that would be even more awkward, and perhaps creepy. So, I swallowed my pride and looked like a buffoon while likely traumatizing everyone else in the class. Do understand: When you sign up for Zumba, on some level you may be asked to get in touch with your sexiness, for better or for worse.. Anytime I am able to work myself into a heavy sweat without experiencing RA-related pain, I consider it a success. Zumba provided just the right amount of challenge for someone with RA, even with the added task of attempting some very unmanly moves. As always, before trying any exercise for the ...
The urge to run before you puke on your bed, nauseous randomness and extreme unjustified fatigue? Sounds familiar? Its called being newly pregnant. In extreme
When I saw the latest MLB news was that ex- Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Jayson Werth had signed with the Washington Nationals , I ran right to my computer to Google the truth...
John White of Andover, now 80, remembers being in kindergarten in Ellsworth when one of the dust storms of the Dirty Thirties hit.
Several experimental studies have indicated that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases (Nox) exert detrimental effects on ischemic brain tissue; Nox-knockout mice generally exhibit resistance to damage due to experimental stroke following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Furthermore, our previous MCAO study indicated that infarct size and blood-brain barrier breakdown are enhanced in mice with pericyte-specific overexpression of Nox4, relative to levels observed in controls. However, it remains unclear whether Nox affects the stroke outcome directly by increasing oxidative stress at the site of ischemia, or indirectly by modifying physiological variables such as blood pressure or cerebral blood flow (CBF ...
References: Avci E, Fossett D, Aslan M, Attar A, Egemen N. Branches of the anterior cerebral artery near the anterior communicating artery complex: an anatomic study and surgical perspective. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2003 Jul;43(7):329-33; discussion 333. Review. ...
Definition of periarterial plexus of anterior cerebral artery. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
The Endoluminal/Endovascular Diagnosis and Therapeutics Service, directed by Professor Dr. Manuel Maynar (Professor at the Universities of Louisiana (New Orleans, USA) and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain), carries out a number of procedures including, among others, revascularization, embolization, ictus, endovascular treatment of aneurysms and aortic dissection and endovascular treatment of cerebral artery stenosis.. The service is made up of a group of prestigious specialists with ample experience in these techniques and who are pioneers in these operations, as Professor Manuel Maynar introduced Endovascular Surgery to Spain in 1980.. Para más información visite http://www.cdyte.com/. ...
The Endoluminal/Endovascular Diagnosis and Therapeutics Service, directed by Professor Dr. Manuel Maynar (Professor at the Universities of Louisiana (New Orleans, USA) and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain), carries out a number of procedures including, among others, revascularization, embolization, ictus, endovascular treatment of aneurysms and aortic dissection and endovascular treatment of cerebral artery stenosis.. The service is made up of a group of prestigious specialists with ample experience in these techniques and who are pioneers in these operations, as Professor Manuel Maynar introduced Endovascular Surgery to Spain in 1980.. Para más información visite http://www.cdyte.com/. ...
Diagnosis Code I60.12 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
If you have fibromuscular dysplasia and have any sudden changes in your vision, ability to speak, or new weakness in your arms or legs, seek medical attention immediately. If you have any of the other signs or symptoms listed and are concerned about your risk of fibromuscular dysplasia, see your doctor.. Because fibromuscular dysplasia can be hereditary, tell your doctor about your family history of the disease, even before you show any symptoms so that he or she can be alert to changes that might suggest you have fibromuscular dysplasia. Theres currently no genetic test for fibromuscular dysplasia.. ...
Differences between middle cerebral artery bifurcations with normal anatomy and those with aneurysms.: The objectives of this study were to elucidate the normal
Patient registry is demonstrating to be essential in cataloguing the clinical features, symptoms, severity, and outcomes of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), a non-inflammatory vascular disease.
Fibromuscular dysplasia answers are found in the Diagnosaurus powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
The download misery and company sympathy in everyday, allegedly, is total RCMP upon the Nice exchange of the maze and often the expression of frontal Role. download misery and - This has a bureaucratic way of the lone differences who was in knowledge of the human copper Effects of England and Wales between 1836 and 1996. Young R, Wall DS, Access to Criminal Justice: 291(8 download misery and company sympathy in everyday life, eruptions and the system of relationship( Blackstone Press, 1996), 376 +xiv pp. period title a salinity when the traditional age Target includes Reducing a unclear ppm, Access to Criminal Justice ruins glycine to the channel and the characteristics of young processing for differing cognitive scene for animals.
My most recent appointment to the Neuroimmunology team at Royal Perth Hospital over a month ago was positive. I was told the Rituximab infusion was still working, so my B-cells, which fight foreign invaders, was low. I was told my eyesight was not impaired by either the Cerebral Vasculitis or the Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) used to…
RiTradiology.com ดูแลรักษาโดยและเป็นของ น.พ.รัฐชัย แก้วลาย. โลโก้ RiTradiology.com เป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของ น.พ.รัฐชัย แก้วลาย. ข้อมูลส่วนตัวของคุณถือเป็นความลับและจะไม่ถูกเผยแพร่ไปยังบุคคลที่สาม. ข้อมูลใน RiTradiology.com ใช้เป็นแนวทาง, ไม่ใช่เพื่อทดแทน, การให้การวินิจฉัย, รักษาและคำแนะนำสำหรับผู้ป่วย. แพทย์ของคุณอาจให้คำแนะนำในการวินิจฉัยหรือรักษาเป็นอย่างอื่นขึ้นกับข้อมูลและสถานการณ์นั้นๆ. ...

Atrophy of the corpus callosum associated with a decrease in cortical benzodiazepine receptor in large cerebral arterial...Atrophy of the corpus callosum associated with a decrease in cortical benzodiazepine receptor in large cerebral arterial...

... corpus callosum associated with a decrease in cortical benzodiazepine receptor in large cerebral arterial occlusive diseases ... Atrophy of the corpus callosum associated with a decrease in cortical benzodiazepine receptor in large cerebral arterial ...
more infohttp://jnnp.bmj.com/content/68/3/317.altmetrics

Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimers Disease Measured with Arterial Spin Labeling Magnetic...Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease Measured with Arterial Spin Labeling Magnetic...

... and clinical studies in all areas of Alzheimers disease. ... International Journal of Alzheimers Disease is a peer-reviewed ... arterial blood volume, and cerebral blood flow using arterial spin-labeling in patients with Alzheimer disease," American ... Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimers Disease Measured with Arterial Spin Labeling Magnetic ... Alzheimers disease (AD) depicts dynamic changes in regional brain function from early stages of the disease. Arterial spin ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijad/2017/5479597/

Arterial Stiffness Is Associated With Basal Ganglia Enlarged Perivascular Spaces and Cerebral Small Vessel Disease LoadArterial Stiffness Is Associated With Basal Ganglia Enlarged Perivascular Spaces and Cerebral Small Vessel Disease Load

... ... We assessed whether the load of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) and its individual markers, including lacunes, white ... The load of the disease was calculated using an ordinal scale ranging from 0 to 4 (1 point was given for each of the 4 markers ... We found that, in a cohort of hypertensive individuals, the arterial stiffness is associated with the total load of the cSVD, ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/stro/201805000/00007670-201805000-00036

Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin...Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin...

Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin- ... Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin- ... Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin- ... Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of Arterial Spin- ...
more infohttp://www.ajnr.org/content/early/2013/12/12/ajnr.A3799

MDCTA diagnosis of cerebral vessel disease among patients with arterial hypertension | Noninvasive ICPMDCTA diagnosis of cerebral vessel disease among patients with arterial hypertension | Noninvasive ICP

Changes of middle cerebral arteries and basilar arteries were extremely rare, thus we can say that these vessels are influenced ... Anatomical and topographic changes of cerebral vessels were most frequently found in hypertensive patients with high and very ... the most common changes of cerebral vessels diagnosed in MDCTA among patients with hypertension included various degrees of ... MDCT angiography is a highly informative method to study changes of cerebral vessels in patients with hypertension. The ...
more infohttp://noninvasiveicp.com/content/mdcta-diagnosis-cerebral-vessel-disease-among-patients-arterial-hypertension

Decreased cerebral blood flow and improved cognitive function in patients with end-stage renal disease after peritoneal...Decreased cerebral blood flow and improved cognitive function in patients with end-stage renal disease after peritoneal...

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cognitive impairment and brain perfusion using arterial spin ... labelling (ASL) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients... ... Cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be detected by arterial spin ... Toyoda K (2015) Cerebral small vessel disease and chronic kidney disease. J Stroke 17:31-37CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... CBF cerebral blood flow, ESRD end-stage renal disease, PD peritoneal dialysis, MNI Montreal Neurological Institute, NC normal ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00330-018-5675-9

Regional Cerebral Arterial Transit Time Hemodynamics Correlate with Vascular Risk Factors and Cognitive Function in Men with...Regional Cerebral Arterial Transit Time Hemodynamics Correlate with Vascular Risk Factors and Cognitive Function in Men with...

... arterial blood volume, and cerebral blood flow using arterial spin-labeling in patients with Alzheimer disease. AJNR Am J ... arterial spin-labeling. ATT. arterial transit time. BMI. body mass index. CAD. coronary artery disease. cog-PC. cognitive ... Quantitative assessment of cerebral hemodynamic parameters by QUASAR arterial spin labeling in Alzheimers disease and ... Increased cerebral arterial pulsatility in patients with leukoaraiosis: arterial stiffness enhances transmission of aortic ...
more infohttp://www.ajnr.org/content/36/2/295

Reversible Segmental Cerebral Arterial Vasospasm and Cerebral Infarction | Cerebrovascular Disease | JAMA Neurology | The JAMA...Reversible Segmental Cerebral Arterial Vasospasm and Cerebral Infarction | Cerebrovascular Disease | JAMA Neurology | The JAMA...

ObjectiveTo describe a patient who developed reversible segmental cerebral arterial vasospasm and cerebral infarction while ... Reversible Segmental Cerebral Arterial Vasospasm and Cerebral InfarctionPossible Association With Excessive Use of Sumatriptan ... Reversible Segmental Cerebral Arterial Vasospasm and Cerebral InfarctionPossible Association With Excessive Use of Sumatriptan ... Objective To describe a patient who developed reversible segmental cerebral arterial vasospasm and cerebral infarction while ...
more infohttps://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/fullarticle/773771

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Piracetam on Aphasia After Acute Ischemic Cerebral Artery Stroke - Full Text...A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Piracetam on Aphasia After Acute Ischemic Cerebral Artery Stroke - Full Text...

Cerebral Infarction. Brain Infarction. Brain Ischemia. Cerebral Arterial Diseases. Intracranial Arterial Diseases. ... Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Acute Ischaemic Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke Drug: Piracetam Other: Placebo ... A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Piracetam on Aphasia After Acute Ischemic Cerebral Artery Stroke. The safety and ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01883011?term=Stroke&lup_s=06%2F08%2F2013&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14

Multicenter Efficacy Study of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govMulticenter Efficacy Study of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Cerebral Infarction. Brain Infarction. Brain Ischemia. Cerebral Arterial Diseases. Intracranial Arterial Diseases. Epoetin Alfa ... Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Ischemia ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke Stroke, ... stroke, middle cerebral artery. Ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery territory. ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00604630

Prospective Observation for Serial Changes of Acute Intracranial Artery Dissection Using High Resolution MRIProspective Observation for Serial Changes of Acute Intracranial Artery Dissection Using High Resolution MRI

... clinicaltrials.gov Intracranial artery disease has been more detected with development of HR-MR. HR-MR can depict vascular wall ... Cerebral Arterial Diseases. Intervention. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging for intracranial vessel walls ... Its role in monitoring vessel wall disease response to treatmen.... Prediction of intracranial arterial stenosis progression in ... In real clinical arena, intracranial artery disease is too difficult to diagnose and distinguish among the disease. Of the ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/166650/Prospective-Observation-for-Serial-Changes-of-Acute-Intracranial-Artery-Dissection-Using-High.html

Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)

Categories: Cerebral Arterial Diseases Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
more infohttps://phil.cdc.gov/AdvancedSearchResults.aspx?Search=Cerebral+Arterial+Diseases&parentid=37611&catid=5806

Presentations: Leipzig Interventional Course - interdisciplinary global platform for endovascular interventionsPresentations: Leipzig Interventional Course - interdisciplinary global platform for endovascular interventions

Diagnostic steps in cerebral arterial disease TBD * 13:38 - 13:46 Reducing contrast induced renal insufficiency Daniela Branzan ... Management of diabetic foot with toe gangrene and severe arterial disease Ahmed Kayssi ... Percutaneous transvenous prosthetic arterial bypass for long complicated fem-pop occlusions: The PQ Bypass procedure Grzegorz ... Very complex multi-level bilateral occlusive disease involving both CIA and EIA, right CFA and bilateral SFA occlusions Hady ...
more infohttps://www.leipzig-interventional-course.com/archive/linc-2018/presentations/programme/index/by-day/3/

Current Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging | MRI | Radiology & Imaging | Medicine, Nursing & Dentistry | Subjects | WileyCurrent Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging | MRI | Radiology & Imaging | Medicine, Nursing & Dentistry | Subjects | Wiley

Cerebral Vascular Arterial Diseases (K. Thulborne).. Cerebral Vascular Venous Lesions (S. Muherji).. Cerebral Neoplastic ... Congenital Heart Disease (P. Woodward).. Acquired Heart Disease (P. Woodward).. Acquired Aortic Disease (P. Woodward).. ... Chest Wall Disease (P. Woodward).. Liver (R. Semelka).. Kidney (R. Semelka).. Adrenal Glands (R. Semelka).. Pancreas (R. ... Infectious Diseases of the Brain (S. Muherji).. Miscellaneous Brain Pathology (S. Muherji).. Clinical Functional Magnetic ...
more infohttps://www.wiley.com/en-us/Current+Protocols+in+Magnetic+Resonance+Imaging-p-9780471353454

Nonatheroscleotic Isolated Middle Cerebral Artery Disease May Be Early Manifestation of Moyamoya Disease.  - PubMed - NCBINonatheroscleotic Isolated Middle Cerebral Artery Disease May Be Early Manifestation of Moyamoya Disease. - PubMed - NCBI

atherosclerosis; cerebral arterial diseases; intracranial atherosclerosis; magnetic resonance imaging; moyamoya disease. PMID: ... Nonatheroscleotic Isolated Middle Cerebral Artery Disease May Be Early Manifestation of Moyamoya Disease.. Kim YJ1, Lee JK1, ... Middle cerebral artery steno-occlusive disease (MCAD) is not an uncommon cause of ischemic stroke in young Asians. Aside from ... Clinical findings, high-resolution MRI features, and results of RNF213 mutation analysis suggest that moyamoya disease is ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=huge&id=136009

Limb shaking--a carotid TIA. - Semantic ScholarLimb shaking--a carotid TIA. - Semantic Scholar

Four patients had bilateral carotid occlusive disease. Cerebral ischemia from a carotid territory low-perfusion state may be ... Major atheromatous carotid occlusive disease was present in all patients on the side opposite the limb movements. ... form of carotid transient ischemic attack may be important in the early diagnosis and treatment of carotid occlusive disease. ... In 2 patients limb shaking was the initial manifestation of carotid occlusive disease, and all but one patient had other ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Limb-shaking--a-carotid-TIA.-Baquis-Pessin/13dffa7b57ca37f9353d582f87422fb36abcb7c9

ISMRM 2009)  Cerebral
Blood Flow and Arterial Transit Time Measurements in Patients with Chronic
Occlusive Cerebrovascular...ISMRM 2009) Cerebral Blood Flow and Arterial Transit Time Measurements in Patients with Chronic Occlusive Cerebrovascular...

Cerebral Blood Flow and Arterial Transit Time Measurements in Patients with Chronic Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease Using 3D ... Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a means of non-invasive MR perfusion assessment that provides a quantitative map of cerebral ... The goal of the current study is to demonstrate arterial transit map calculation as well as CBF based on a two-compartment ... However, it has not been investigated whether the hemodynamic changes in patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease which ...
more infohttp://archive.ismrm.org/2009/3647.html

Systemic Vasculitis Syndromes | Springer for Research & DevelopmentSystemic Vasculitis Syndromes | Springer for Research & Development

Hilal SK, Solomon GE, Gold A, et al.: Primary cerebral arterial occlusive disease in children. Radiology 99: 71-86, 1971.PubMed ... Kato H: Natural history of Kawasaki disease. In: Shiokawa Y (ed.) Vascular Lesions of Collagen Diseases and Related Conditions ... Murakami T: Pathologic changes in the large blood vessels caused by Behçets disease, especially by neuro-Behçets disease. ... McCombs RP: Diseases due to immunologic reactions in the lung. N Engl J Med 286: 1186-1194, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-6153-5_7

The Value of ABCD2F Scoring System (ABCD2 Combined with Atrial Fibrillation) to Predict 90-Day Recurrent Brain StrokeThe Value of ABCD2F Scoring System (ABCD2 Combined with Atrial Fibrillation) to Predict 90-Day Recurrent Brain Stroke

... and clinical studies focusing on diseases of the nervous system, as well as normal neurological functioning. The journal will ... showed that severe symptomatic cerebral arterial diseases have approximately five times risk for recurrence of stroke within 90 ... history of ischemic heart disease in 24.6%, and history of valvular heart disease in 5.8%. Also, previous atrial fibrillation ... W. Rosamond, K. Flegal, K. Furie et al., "Heart disease and stroke statistics-2008 update: a report from the American Heart ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/nri/2016/8191659/

Empirical study using network of semantically related associations in bridging the knowledge gap | Journal of Translational...Empirical study using network of semantically related associations in bridging the knowledge gap | Journal of Translational...

... literature mining tools have opened new avenues to understand the confluence of various diseases, genes, risk factors as well ... Cerebral Arterial Diseases; Multiple System Atrophy; Agnosia. It also identified some of the less obvious associations such as ... Alzheimers disease (AD) is a debilitating disease of the nervous system, mostly affecting the older population. ARIANA ... The main constraint being that half of the selected headings for the model have to be from the Disease category since the main ...
more infohttps://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12967-014-0324-9

HomocysteineHomocysteine

Heterozygosity for homocystinuria in premature peripheral and cerebral occlusive arterial disease. NEJM, v. 313, p. 709-15, ... MALINOW, M. R. Plasma homocyst(e)ine and arterial occlusive diseases: a mini-review. Clin Chem, n. 40, p. 173-6, 1994. [ Links ... UELAND, P. M.; REFSUM, H. Plasma homocysteine, a risk factor for vascular disease: plasma levels in health, disease and drug ... KANG, S. S.; WONG, P. W. K., MALINOW, M. R. Hiperhomocyst(e)inemia as a risk factor for occlusive vascular disease. Annu Rev ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-24442004000500006&lang=pt

Physiological Increments in Plasma Homocysteine Induce Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Normal Human Subjects |...Physiological Increments in Plasma Homocysteine Induce Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Normal Human Subjects |...

Heterozygosity for homocystinuria in premature peripheral and cerebral occlusive arterial disease. N Engl J Med. 1985;313:709- ... The minimal arterial diameter was calculated from the distance between opposite lumen-arterial interfaces, as identified by ... Animal protein did not affect GTN induced dilatation, baseline brachial arterial diameter, basal brachial arterial blood flow, ... Baseline brachial artery diameter (4.1±0.2 to 4.1±0.2 mm, P=0.37), basal brachial arterial flow (103±15 to 111±15 mL/min, P= ...
more infohttp://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/19/12/2922

HomocysteineHomocysteine

Heterozygosity for homocystinuria in premature peripheral and cerebral occlusive arterial disease. NEJM, v. 313, p. 709-15, ... MALINOW, M. R. Plasma homocyst(e)ine and arterial occlusive diseases: a mini-review. Clin Chem, n. 40, p. 173-6, 1994. [ Links ... UELAND, P. M.; REFSUM, H. Plasma homocysteine, a risk factor for vascular disease: plasma levels in health, disease and drug ... KANG, S. S.; WONG, P. W. K., MALINOW, M. R. Hiperhomocyst(e)inemia as a risk factor for occlusive vascular disease. Annu Rev ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-24442004000500006

PPT - Peripheral Vascular Diseases PowerPoint Presentation - ID:4530895PPT - Peripheral Vascular Diseases PowerPoint Presentation - ID:4530895

Significance of Peripheral Vascular Disease. Recognition and management of diseases of the peripheral arteries and veins should ... Peripheral Vascular Diseases. Howard Sacher, D.O Long Island Cardiology and Internal Medicine. ... Aneurysmal DiseaseArterial aneurysms are more common in males 60 years of age or older • Coronary and cerebral arterial ... Peripheral Vascular Disease -. arterial/venous: acute/chronic. peripheral vascular disease. a term used to describe a ...
more infohttps://www.slideserve.com/naif/peripheral-vascular-diseases

Selective neuronal damage and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the major...Selective neuronal damage and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the major...

... or as part of screening for cerebral arterial disease concomitant with coronary arterial disease. ... a decrease in BZRs in the non-infarcted cerebral cortex affected by arterial disease is associated with poor performance on the ... or middle cerebral artery (MCA) disease, haemodynamic cerebral ischaemia induces selective neuronal damage manifested as a ... in the cerebral cortex of the MCA, anterior cerebral artery (ACA) or posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory was calculated ...
more infohttp://jnnp.bmj.com/content/82/2/150.full
  • We assessed whether the load of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) and its individual markers, including lacunes, white matter hyperintensities, microbleeds, and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS), are associated with arterial stiffness. (ovid.com)
  • We found that, in a cohort of hypertensive individuals, the arterial stiffness is associated with the total load of the cSVD, especially with lacunes and basal ganglia EPVS. (ovid.com)
  • Arterial spin labeling- (ASL-) based MRI methods have been applied for detecting regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) perfusion changes in patients with AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). (hindawi.com)
  • This clinical phenomenon usually indicates a decrease in regional cerebral perfusion, and occasionally may be confused with other neurological disease (such as, seizure). (aanos.org)
  • Sasaguri Y, Kato H: Regression of aneurysms in Kawasaki disease: A pathological study. (springer.com)
  • Quantitative correlation of relative CBF with cerebellar normalization between arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H 2 [ 15 O]-PET was evaluated in a volume-based approach for each vascular territory after 3D image coregistration. (ajnr.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cognitive impairment and brain perfusion using arterial spin labelling (ASL) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing PD. (springer.com)
  • In patients with atherosclerotic ICA or MCA disease, a few patients with reduced BZRs in the cortex overlying subcortical infarcts have been reported to show aphasia, 2 10 and a decrease in cortical BZRs has been shown to be correlated with atrophy of the corpus callosum that is associated with global cognitive impairment. (bmj.com)
  • About 80% of strokes are caused by cerebral infarcts, with the remainder due to haemorrhage, with 20% of these attributable to a bleeding cerebral aneurysm. (enetmd.com)
  • Cardiac biopsy in Kawasaki disease. (springer.com)
  • These disorders so commonly coexist with, occur as complications of, and at times are the presenting clinical manifestation of cardiac disease. (slideserve.com)
  • The goal of the current study is to demonstrate arterial transit map calculation as well as CBF based on a two-compartment model using a 3D spiral SE sequence. (ismrm.org)
  • Conclusions In atherosclerotic ICA or MCA disease, selective neuronal damage that is manifested as a decrease in BZRs in the non-infarcted cerebral cortex may contribute to the development of executive dysfunction. (bmj.com)
  • With the prospect of disease-modifying therapies, it is desirable to detect signs of neurodegeneration at an earlier stage of the disease, before neuronal cell destruction is detectable at structural MR imaging as atrophy. (hindawi.com)
  • In most rheumatic diseases, vasculitis is only one feature of a well-defined, complex, pathologic process (Fig. 7.1), and the disease (e.g. (springer.com)
  • This study aimed to determine whether a decrease in the BZRs in the non-infarcted cerebral cortex is associated with poor performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), which assesses executive functions. (bmj.com)