A genus of Old World monkeys found in Africa although some species have been introduced into the West Indies. This genus is composed of at least twenty species: C. AETHIOPS, C. ascanius, C. campbelli, C. cephus, C. denti, C. diana, C. dryas, C. erythrogaster, C. erythrotis, C. hamlyni, C. lhoesti, C. mitis, C. mona, C. neglectus, C. nictitans, C. petaurista, C. pogonias, C. preussi, C. salongo, and C. wolfi.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
DNA sequences that form the coding region for the HIV-1 regulatory protein vpu (viral protein U) that greatly increases the export of virus particles from infected cells. The vpu genes are not present in HIV-2 or SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).
A species of the genus ERYTHROCEBUS, subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE. It inhabits the flat open arid country of Africa. It is also known as the patas monkey or the red monkey.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
Species of the genus LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate immunodeficiency viruses (IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES, PRIMATE), that induces acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in monkeys and apes (SAIDS). The genetic organization of SIV is virtually identical to HIV.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of six families: CEBIDAE (some New World monkeys), ATELIDAE (some New World monkeys), CERCOPITHECIDAE (Old World monkeys), HYLOBATIDAE (gibbons and siamangs), CALLITRICHINAE (marmosets and tamarins), and HOMINIDAE (humans and great apes).
Strains of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3 isolated from diverse primate species.
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE inhabiting the African forests. They are also known as mangabeys.
The type species of YATAPOXVIRUS, a tumor-producing DNA virus discovered in monkeys in Yaba, Nigeria. It has been found to produce histiocytomas in monkeys and humans.
Infections caused by the HTLV or BLV deltaretroviruses. They include human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED).
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs naturally in macaques infected with SRV serotypes, experimentally in monkeys inoculated with SRV or MASON-PFIZER MONKEY VIRUS; (MPMV), or in monkeys infected with SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.
DNA sequences that form the coding region for the viral envelope (env) proteins in retroviruses. The env genes contain a cis-acting RNA target sequence for the rev protein (= GENE PRODUCTS, REV), termed the rev-responsive element (RRE).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common name of thoroughwort is also used for other plants including EUPATORIUM; CHROMOLAENA, Hebeclinium and Koanophyllon. Eupolin is the aqueous extract of the leaves.
Common name for many members of the FALCONIFORMES order, family Accipitridae, generally smaller than EAGLES, and containing short, rounded wings and a long tail.
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
A genus of gram-positive, asporogenous, lactic acid bacteria, in the family LEUCONOSTOCACEAE.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE which depends on the fungus Armillaria mellea to complete its life cycle. It is an ingredient of Zhenxuanyin (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order Lactobacillales. Lactic acid is the main product of their carbohydrate metabolism.
Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
A plant genus of the family LOGANIACEAE (classified by some botanists as Strychnaceae).
A genus of Old World monkeys, subfamily COLOBINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the forests of Africa. It consists of eight species: C. angolensis (Angolan colobus), C. badius or C. rufomitratus (Red or Bay colobus), C. guereza (Guereza or Eastern black-and-white colobus), C. kirkii (Kirk's colobus), C. polykomos (King colobus or Western black-and-white colobus), C. satanas (Black colobus), and C. verus (Olive colobus). Some authors recognize Procolobus as a separate genus and then the olive colobus is recognized as the species P. verus.
A plant genus of the genus STRYCHNOS, family LOGANIACEAE that is the source of STRYCHNINE.
Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern Africa. They are dark colored and have a variable social structure.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes Rhodesian sleeping sickness in humans. It is carried by Glossina pallidipes, G. morsitans and occasionally other species of game-attacking tsetse flies.
Diseases in which there is a familial pattern of AMYLOIDOSIS.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE, which has a well-studied trilevel social structure consisting of troops, bands, and clans.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern equatorial and east Africa. They are smaller than PAPIO ANUBIS and have a thinner mane.
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of five named species: PAPIO URSINUS (chacma baboon), PAPIO CYNOCEPHALUS (yellow baboon), PAPIO PAPIO (western baboon), PAPIO ANUBIS (or olive baboon), and PAPIO HAMADRYAS (hamadryas baboon). Members of the Papio genus inhabit open woodland, savannahs, grassland, and rocky hill country. Some authors consider MANDRILLUS a subgenus of Papio.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A genus of Old World monkeys of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the mountainous regions of Ethiopia. The genus consists of only one species, Theropithecus gelada.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE with a somewhat different social structure than PAPIO HAMADRYAS. They inhabit several areas in Africa south of the Sahara.

The distribution of the chorda tympani in the middle ear area in man and two other primates. (1/115)

A serial section study of the distribution of the chorda tympani in the middle ear area was carried out in man, baboon and monkey. The tissues innervated by the chorda tympani could be related to a branchiomeric pattern. The early branches distributed post-trematic facial nerve fibres to hyoid arch tissues, where they were joined by elements from glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves. The rest of the distribution was to structures derived from mandibular arch tissue where branches of the auriculotemporal nerve were also present. Contributions to perivascular plexuses were noted as well as a connexion with the otic ganglion.  (+info)

Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) from sun-tailed monkeys (Cercopithecus solatus): evidence for host-dependent evolution of SIV within the C. lhoesti superspecies. (2/115)

Recently we reported the characterization of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVlhoest) from a central African l'hoest monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti lhoesti) that revealed a distant relationship to SIV isolated from a mandrill (SIVmnd). The present report describes a novel SIV (SIVsun) isolated from a healthy, wild-caught sun-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti solatus), another member of the l'hoest superspecies. SIVsun replicated in a variety of human T-cell lines and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of macaques (Macaca spp.) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). A full-length infectious clone of SIVsun was derived, and genetic analysis revealed that SIVsun was most closely related to SIVlhoest, with an amino acid identity of 71% in Gag, 73% in Pol, and 67% in Env. This degree of similarity is reminiscent of that observed between SIVagm isolates from vervet, grivet, and tantalus species of African green monkeys. The close relationship between SIVsun and SIVlhoest, despite their geographically distinct habitats, is consistent with evolution from a common ancestor, providing further evidence for the ancient nature of the primate lentivirus family. In addition, this observation leads us to suggest that the SIVmnd lineage should be designated the SIVlhoest lineage.  (+info)

Uniformity of colour vision in Old World monkeys. (3/115)

It is often assumed that all Old World monkeys share the same trichromatic colour vision, but the evidence in support of this conclusion is sparse as only a small fraction of all Old World monkey species have been tested. To address this issue, spectral sensitivity functions were measured in animals from eight species of Old World monkey (five cercopithecine species and three colobine species) using a non-invasive electrophysiological technique. Each of the 25 animals examined had spectrally well-separated middle- and long-wavelength cone pigments. Cone pigments maximally sensitive to short wavelengths were also detected, implying the presence of trichromatic colour vision. Direct comparisons of the spectral sensitivity functions of Old World monkeys suggest there are no significant variations in the spectral positions of the cone pigments underlying the trichromatic colour vision of Old World monkeys.  (+info)

The pathology of untreated and antibiotic-treated experimental tularaemia in monkeys. (4/115)

Grivet monkeys were infected intranasally with the virulent Schu-S4 strain of F. tularensis. One group of animals remained untreated and two other groups received a 7-day course of kanamycin therapy starting on either the third or fourth day after infection. Untreated monkeys developed pyrexia and mucopurulent oculonasal discharge and died 5--7 days after infection. All had pyogranulomatous lesions in the liver, spleen, respiratory tract and lymph nodes. Electron microscopy of liver and spleen showed phagocytosis of F. tularensis organisms by macrophages and polymorphonuclear leucocytes, but many bacteria survived phagocytosis and were released on destruction of the cells. Kanamycin therapy enabled most monkeys to survive the disease, but it did not prevent the development of persistent lesions in all animals. Caseous nodules were larger and more widespread in the organs of monkeys in which treatment was delayed until the fourth day of infection.  (+info)

Changes in whole blood and serum components of grivet monkeys with experimental respiratory Francisella tularensis infection. (5/115)

Grivet monkeys infected with virulent Francisella tularensis Strain Schu S4 showed significant early changes in serum levels of trace metals, triglycerides and activities of alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase. Free amino acid levels decreased slightly and there was a marked increase in the phenylalanine: tyrosine ratio. Serum lysozyme activity and seromucoid levels also increased. Kanamycin therapy produced remission of overt signs but the changes in blood constituents were less readily affected. Immunization with the live vaccine strain of F. tularensis induced transient responses similar to those resulting from Schut S4 infection. Immunized monkeys subsequently challenged with the virulent Schu S4 strain showed no clinical signs or marked changes in blood constituents.  (+info)

Late transcription and simultaneous replication of simian adenovirus 7 DNA as revealed by spreading lytically infected cell cultures. (6/115)

Miller's technique of spreading DNA was applied to monkey cells productively infected with simian adenovirus 7. This permitted the visualization of cellular DNA transcription, both nucleolar and non-nucleolar, and of late transcription and replication of virus. Virus double-stranded DNA, thin fibres with very few nucleosome-like particles, were observed carrying either transcription or replication complexes. In addition, both RNP transcripts and replication forks were found on some virus duplex DNA. Virus single-stranded DNA replicative intermediates were identified on the basis of their increased thickness and contrast which results from the presence of a DNA binding protein.  (+info)

Patterns of genomic sequence diversity among their simian immunodeficiency viruses suggest that L'Hoest monkeys (Cercopithecus lhoesti) are a natural lentivirus reservoir. (7/115)

Recently, we described a novel simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVlhoest) from a wild-caught L'Hoest monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti) from a North American zoo. To investigate whether L'Hoest monkeys are the natural host for these viruses, we have screened blood samples from 14 wild animals from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Eight (57%) were found to be seropositive for SIV. Nearly full-length genome sequences were obtained for SIV isolates from three of these monkeys and compared to the original isolate and to other SIVs. The four samples of SIVlhoest formed a distinct cluster in phylogenetic trees. Two of these isolates differed on average at only about 5% of nucleotides, suggesting that they were epidemiologically linked; otherwise, the SIVlhoest isolates differed on average by 18%. Both the level of diversity and the pattern of its variation along the genome were very similar to those seen among isolates of SIVagm from vervet monkeys, pointing to similarities in the nature of, and constraints on, SIV evolution in these two species. Discordant phylogenetic relationships among the SIVlhoest isolates for different genomic regions indicated that mosaic viruses have been generated by recombination, implying that individual monkeys have been coinfected by more than one strain of SIV. Taken together, these observations provide strong evidence that L'Hoest monkeys constitute a natural reservoir for SIV.  (+info)

Interspecies semantic communication in two forest primates. (8/115)

West African Diana monkeys (Cercopithecus diana) and Campbell's monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli) frequently form mixed-species associations. Males of both species produce acoustically distinct alarm calls to crowned eagles (Stephanoaetus coronalus) and leopards (Panthera pardus), two of their main predators. Field playback experiments were conducted to investigate whether Diana monkeys respond to Campbell's alarm calls and whether they understand the calls' semantic content. Diana monkeys responded to playback of Campbell's leopard or eagle alarm calls as though the original predator were present. In a second experiment, Diana monkeys were primed with either Campbell's eagle or leopard alarm calls and then subsequently probed with the vocalizations of a crowned eagle or a leopard. Results showed that monkeys used the semantic information conveyed by the Campbell's alarm calls to predict the presence of a predator. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that non-human primates are able to use acoustic signals of diverse origin as labels for underlying mental representations.  (+info)

The ecology of De Brazzas monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus) and its habitat, prior to translocation, was studied at Sinyerere Farm forest patch in the environs of the Cherangani Hills, and in Buyangu National Forest Reserve (BUNAFOR) located in main Kakamega Forest. This species is endangered in Kenya with only about 200 individuals reported to occur in the wild. Majority of them live in small isolated and unprotected forest patches in private land where they are killed for raiding crops and skins that are used for making ornaments. Therefore, there is need to translocate groups of this species that are most threatened in their present habitats to a safer area. One such group is found in Sinyerere Farm forest patch and need to be translocated to BUNAFOR. However, before the intended translocation the ecology of this group of De Brazzas monkeys and its present and proposed release habitats needed to be studied. This study was aimed at obtaining the ecological and behavioural information to be ...
Arnold, K., K. Zuberbuehler. 2008. Meaningful call combinations in a non-human primate. Current Biology, 18: 202-203. Bitty, E., W. McGraw. 2007. Locomotion and Habitat Use of Stampfliis Putty-Nosed Monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans stampflii) in the Tai National Park, Ivory Coast. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 134: 383-391. Boinski, S., P. Garber. 2000. On the Move: How and why Animals Travel in Groups. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Cardini, A., S. Elton. 2008. Variation in guenon skulls (I): species divergence, ecological and genetic differences. Journal of Human Evolution, 54: 615-637. Chapman, C., L. Chapman, M. Cords, J. Gathua, A. Gautier-Hion, J. Lambert, K. Rode, C. Tutin, L. White. 2002. K., Tutin, C. E. G., and White, L. J. T. 2002. Variation in the diets of Cercopithecus species: Differences within forests, among forests and across species. Pp. 325-350 in M Glenn, M Cords, eds. The Guenons: Diversity and Adaptation in African Monkeys. New York: Kluwer Academic ...
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
This species is considered Least Concern because it is reasonably widespread, can withstand some degree of hunting pressure, and is not believed declining at a rate sufficient to warrant listing in a threatened category ...
PO Box 409, Fort Portal UGANDA Mission: Interdisciplinary research to promte the long-term viability of the Kihale National Park ecosystem. Training Opportunities: Fieldwork opportunities are available for graduate students. Pilot studies of a few weeks are recommended. Students are normally expected to provide their own funding. Applications and enquiries should be sent to the Director. Field courses take place every summer under the auspices of organizations such as the Tropical Biology Association (UK and University of Florida - Gainesville.) Enquiries for field courses should be addressed to: Dr. Colin Chapman and Dr. Lauren Chapman, Dept. of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA, or phone: 1 (352) 392-1196.. Supported Species: Cercopithecus ascanius (red-tailed monkey), Cercopithecus lhoesti (LHoests guenon), Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey), Chlorocebus aethiops (grivet), Colobus guereza (guereza), Galago demidoff (Prince Demidoffs bushbaby), Galago matschiei ...
Buy or license direct from the photographer this stunning image of : Vervet Monkey ( Cercopithecus Aethiops ) , Lewa Wildlife Conservancy , Laikipia ...
Buy or license direct from the photographer this stunning image of : Vervet Monkey ( Cercopithecus Aethiops ) , Lewa Wildlife Conservancy , Laikipia ...
American Journal of Primatology 74:236-246 (2012) RESEARCH ARTICLE Clinical Biochemistry and Hematology of the Elusive Sun-Tailed Monkey (Cercopithecus solatus) in Gabon: Inaugural Data From the Only Semifree Ranging Colony in the World PEGGY MOTSCH1∗ , JEAN-PAUL GONZALEZ1 , AND DELPHINE VERRIER1,2 Primatologie et Santé, Unité de Recherche en Ecologie et Santé, Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville (CIRMF), Franceville, Gabon 2 Centre de Primatologie, CIRMF, Franceville, Gabon 1 Equipe Clinical blood biochemistry and hematology are valuable tools to evaluate health and welfare in many animal species. In order to document the general biology of one of the most poorly known nonhuman primate species, and contribute to its conservation, the clinical blood biochemistry and hematology of the sun-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus solatus Harrisson) was investigated in its range of endemicity in Gabon. Data derived from 26 years of clinical monitoring of the only semicaptive ...
Chapman, C., L. Chapman. Aug 2000. Constraints on Group Size in Red Colobus and Red-tailed guenons:Examining the Generality of the Ecological Constraints Model. International Journal of Primatology, 21 (4): 565-595. Cords, M. 1984. Mating Patterns and Social Structure in Redtail Monkeys. Z. Tierpsychol, 64: 313-329. Estes, R. 1991. The Behavior Guide to African Mammals. University of California Press. Kingdon, J. 1984. East African Mammals: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa Vol. 1. Chicago, Il: The University of Chicago Press. Lambert, J. 1995. Redtail Monkeys and Strychnos mitis: A Plant-animal Interaction in the Kibale Forest, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 71(5): 353-355. Leland, L., T. Struhsaker. 1993. Monkey Business. Animal Kingdom, 90: 24-37. Nowak, R. 1999. Walkers Mammals of the World, Sixth Edition. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Smuts, B., D. Cheney, R. Wrangham, T. Struhsaker. 1987. Primate Societies. Chicago, Il: The University of Chicago ...
Define African green monkey. African green monkey synonyms, African green monkey pronunciation, African green monkey translation, English dictionary definition of African green monkey. Noun 1. African green monkey - common savannah monkey with greenish-grey back and yellow tail Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus, green monkey guenon, guenon...
The CV-1 cell line was derived from the kidney of a male adult African green monkey by F.C. Jensen, et al. in March, 1964 for use in Rous sarcoma virus transformation studies.
The Vero cell line was initiated from the kidney of a normal adult African green monkey on March 27, 1962, by Y. Yasumura and Y. Kawakita at the Chiba University in Chiba, Japan.
Spatial variation in predation risk generates a landscape of fear, with prey animals modifying their distribution and behaviour in response to this variable predation risk. In systems comprising multiple predators and prey species, a key challenge is distinguishing the independent effects of different predator guilds on prey responses. We exploited the acoustically distinct alarm calls of samango monkeys, Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus, to create a predator-specific landscape of fear from eagles to assess its impact on space use within mixed regressive-spatial regressive models incorporating data on resource distribution and structural characteristics of the environment. The landscape of fear from eagles was the most significant determinant of samango range use, with no effect of resource availability. The monkeys also selected areas of their range with higher canopies and higher understory visibility, behaviour consistent with further minimizing risk of predation. These results contrast ...
Excision of a feline limbal melanoma and use of nictitans cartilage to repair the resulting corneoscleral defect.: A limbal melanoma was surgically removed from
The red swollen area nasal on the right globe represents a hypertophy glands nictitans. Also present, and unrelated, is a linear herpetic ulcer (white arrow).. ...
Cercopithecus aethiops English: Vervet Monkey Afrikaans: Blou aap Tswana: Kgabo RW: Not scored SCI: Not scored ABOUT THE VERVET MONKEY:…. ...
G nero de macacos do Velho Mundo encontrados na frica embora algumas esp cies tenham sido introduzidas nas ndias ocidentais. Este g nero composto de pelo menos vinte esp cies: C. AETHIOPS, C. ascanius, C. campbelli, C. cephus, C. denti, C. diana, C. dryas, C. erythrogaster, C. erythrotis, C. hamlyni, C. lhoesti, C. mitis, C. mona, C. neglectus, C. nictitans, C. petaurista, C. pogonias, C. preussi, C. salongo e C. wolfi. . ...
PALACIOS, Rosa; MONTOYA, Enrique; TORRES, Ivonne y ORTIZ, Ana Cecilia. Utilización de hematíes de primates sudamericanos en la prueba inhibición de hemaglutinación para el diagnóstico del Virus del Sarampión. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 1997, vol.14, n.2, pp.7-12. ISSN 1726-4634.. The usefullness of red blood cells (rbc) of south-american non-human primates in hamegglutination and the hemagglunation inhibition with measles virus was evaluated in an 18 months study finished at the earliers in 1997 Primate blood samples were obtained in a citrated solution at the Instituto de Investigaciones Tropicales y de Altura (IVITA) in Iquitos, and at the Parque Las Leyendas Zoo in Lima. Samples obtained from 22 monkeys of 8 different species from the Peruvian Amazon Region were tested in parallel with standard rbc of Rhesus an Cercopithecus monkeys through hemagglutination with measles virus purified antigen. Rbc of the species Saimiri boliviensis and Sanguinus mystax showed ...
Lorri Horn, born and raised in California, has been working with kids all her life. She got her first babysitting job when she was nine years old, became a camp counselor, and went on to be a teacher. Its true she did eat all of the pickles and popsicles on her first babysitting gig, but she did manage to feed that kid a cheese and pickle sandwich before polishing off the rest of the jar off herself. No one complained. Evidently, she had a knack with kids.. Lorri spent a few years studying cercopithecus aethiops (vervet monkeys) and thought shed be a famous biological anthropologist. But it turns out you have to rough it and camp to do that kind of job, and Lorris more of a pillow-top mattress and no bug repellent kind of gal. Plus, while it was fascinating to study and observe our little nonhuman primate brothers and sisters lip-smacking to communicate things like Oh, gee, Im sorry, is that your branch?, Lorri found it much more rewarding to share a good book with a kid. Not once did ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In vivo manipulation of gene expression in non-human primates using lentiviral vectors as delivery vehicles. AU - Dissen, Gregory A.. AU - Lomniczi, Alejandro. AU - Neff, Tanaya L.. AU - Hobbs, Theodore R.. AU - Kohama, Steven G.. AU - Kroenke, Christopher D.. AU - Galimi, Francesco. AU - Ojeda, Sergio R.. PY - 2009/9/1. Y1 - 2009/9/1. N2 - Non-human primates (NHPs) are an invaluable resource for the study of genetic regulation of disease mechanisms. The main disadvantage of using NHPs as a preclinical model of human disease is the difficulty of manipulating the monkey genome using conventional gene modifying strategies. Lentiviruses offer the possibility of circumventing this difficulty because they can infect and transduce either dividing or nondividing cells, without producing an immune response. In addition, lentiviruses can permanently integrate into the genome of host cells, and are able to maintain long-term expression. In this article we describe the lentiviral vectors ...
Common names. Vervet monkey [English], blouaap [Afrikaans], inkawu [isiZulu and isiNdebele], kgabo [Setswana and Sesotho], ngobiyana [siSwati], nkawa [Xitsonga] and thoho [Tshivenda].. Vervet monkeys are medium-sized primates that are highly social and live in groups of up to 50 individuals. Within a troop, adult males form a dominance hierarchy that is established and maintained by threat and aggression. Facial expressions (eye lid display) and body postures are used to communicate threats or aggressive behaviour. At sexual maturity, young males tend to migrate between groups - usually in the company of a sibling or peer. In contrast females remain in their natal groups and form strong hierarchies that are based on maternal social status. Vervet monkeys are largely vegetarian and are common in savannah and woodland that have access to water and trees for cover. Vervet monkeys can be serious pests that cause crop damages in areas where their habitat overlaps with agricultural areas. Vervet ...
Perform reliable qPCR with Bio-Rads pre-validated SYCE1L primer pair, for the Rhesus Monkey genome. Designed for SYBR Green-based detection.
Perform reliable qPCR with Bio-Rads pre-validated USP46 primer pair, for the Rhesus Monkey genome. Designed for SYBR Green-based detection.
We describe the first systemic infection by Weissella confusa in a mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) on the basis of microbiologic, molecular genetic, and histologic data. The same strain of W. confusa, as determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, was isolated in pure culture from brain, liver, spleen, and intestine of this primate, illustrating the clinical importance of the isolations.
Butynski, T. M. 2002. Conservation of the Guenons: An Overview of Status, Threats, and Recommendations. In: M. E. Glenn and M. Cords (eds), The Guenons: Diversity and Adaptation in African Monkeys, pp. 411-424. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow.. Butynski, T. M. 2002. The Guenons: An Overview of Diversity and Taxonomy. In: M. E. Glenn and M. Cords (eds), The Guenons: Diversity and Adaptation in African Monkeys, pp. 3-13. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow.. Gautier-Hion, A., Colyn, M. and Gautier, J.-P. 1999. Histoire Naturelle des Primates dAfrique Centrale. Ecofac, Gabon.. Groves C. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.. Grubb, P., Butynski, T.M., Oates, J.F., Bearder, S.K., Disotell, T.R., Groves, C.P. and Struhsaker, T.T. 2003. Assessment of the diversity of African primates. International Journal of Primatology 24(6): 1301-1357.. IUCN. 2008. IUCN Red List of ...
TY - CONF. T1 - phylogeny of Cercopithecini (Primates): new data from mapping locus specific Williams Beuren (HSA7q11.23)probe on Cercopithecus neglectus. AU - Dumas, Francesca. AU - Sineo, Luca. AU - Picone, Barbara. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/12810. M3 - Other. SP - 154. EP - 154. ER - ...
Studies on viruses recovered from South African Cercopithecus monkeys have been carried out by Malherbe & Harwin (1957) and Malherbe, Harwin & Ulrich (1963). One such virus, designated S.A. 11 (strain h96) was isolated from a rectal swab taken from a healthy vervet monkey in 1958 (Malherbe & Strickland-Cholmley, 1967). This virus has not yet been characterized morphologically. A virus isolated from intestinal washings of cattle and sheep (Malherbe, Strickland-Cholmley & Geyer, 1967) and designated O agent, showed eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions in monkey kidney cell cultures similar to those of S.A. 11 (Malherbe & Strickland-Cholmley, 1967). No published information is available on the structure of this virus. On the basis of similarities in serology, pH instability, resistance to desoxycholate and certain other characteristics, the viruses are considered to be virtually identical (Malherbe & Strickland-Cholmley, 1970). In addition Verwoerd (1970) has suggested that S.A. 11
Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
book ants( Macaca mulatta) make what lives can and cannot write. creating the practices of experience print: decades with two interested suttas( Cercopithecus aethiops and Saguinus Work). inner histology, 9(2), 94-109.
LHoests monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti), or mountain monkey, is a guenon found in Cameroon and the Congo basin. There are two distinct populations and subspecies of this monkey that are widely separated in distribution. They mostly live in mountainous forest areas in small, female-dominated groups. They have a dark coat and can be distinguished by a characteristic white beard.. Habitat. LHoests monkey is a forest monkey that is typical of the moist and high primary forests. The western race is mostly relegated to mountainous regions. They are also found in rain forests in an elevation above 3,281 feet (1000 m), as well as old secondary and mature forests. It has also been found to inhabit isolated forest patches in mountain grasslands. The eastern population occurs in a wider number of habitats. It will occupy a range of different kinds of forested areas. These areas include gallery forest, mature lowland rain forests, wooded grasslands at mountain slopes, and forest borders. However, it ...
Definition of guenon in US English - an African monkey found mainly in forests, with a long tail and typically a brightly colored coat. The male is much larg
Summary A neurotropic virus was isolated from the blood of an African woman with fever. The serum taken at the time of illness contained no demonstrable neutralizing antibodies against the virus, whereas convalescent serum taken 3 months later neutralized strongly. The virus has a particle size of approximately 21 to 31 mµ. The virus is pathogenic for mice by intracerebral, intranasal, and intraperitoneal inoculations. It is slightly, if at all, pathogenic for mice by subcutaneous inoculation. It induces encephalitis and causes death when introduced intracerebrally in rhesus monkeys. It causes fever without obvious illness in African monkeys (Cercopithecus ethiops centralis) and induces the formation of neutralizing antibodies. It is not pathogenic for rabbits and guinea pigs, but induces the formation of antibodies. Neutralization tests with this virus and appropriate immune sera may be carried out either by intracerebral or by intraperitoneal inoculation. Immunologically the agent is related to the
SUMMARY JASON CALLAHAN is a physics major with a bright future who discovers a complex multiverse, becoming lost in dimensional webs far removed from his original self. His one desire in life is to go home, and he would if he knew where it was. For years, his world has changed around him again and again without warning, leaving him with new jobs, new friends, and new enemies. One of only a few travelers, Jason is able to slip between the many universes that make up his life, moving sideways from one reality to the next. He just cant control it. Even worse, another traveler is trying to kill him, and his only assets are his wits, an uncle the family thinks is crazy, and a cryptic, alternate version of himself. As if all that werent bad enough, someone out there is manipulating events to their own ends, and everyone is dancing to their tune. While many might lose their grip on reality, and others would simply give up, Jason hopes the next jump will take him home to the life and love he left ...
SUMMARY JASON CALLAHAN is a physics major with a bright future who discovers a complex multiverse, becoming lost in dimensional webs far removed from his original self. His one desire in life is to go home, and he would if he knew where it was. For years, his world has changed around him again and again without warning, leaving him with new jobs, new friends, and new enemies. One of only a few travelers, Jason is able to slip between the many universes that make up his life, moving sideways from one reality to the next. He just cant control it. Even worse, another traveler is trying to kill him, and his only assets are his wits, an uncle the family thinks is crazy, and a cryptic, alternate version of himself. As if all that werent bad enough, someone out there is manipulating events to their own ends, and everyone is dancing to their tune. While many might lose their grip on reality, and others would simply give up, Jason hopes the next jump will take him home to the life and love he left ...
Stay at this 4-star business-friendly hotel in Rome. Enjoy free WiFi, a restaurant, and a rooftop terrace. Our guests praise the helpful staff in our reviews. Popular attractions Via Nazionale and Via Veneto are located nearby. Discover genuine guest reviews for Hotel Diana Roof Garden along with the latest prices and availability - book now. - Book great deals at Hotel Diana Roof Garden with Expedia.com.au - Check guest reviews, photos & cheap rates for Hotel Diana Roof Garden in Rome
The vervet monkey is lightly built and has long arms and legs. The body is pale grizzled grey with yellow down the centre of the back.
Find the perfect Vervet Monkey stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Download premium images you cant get anywhere else.
Diana Abu-Jaber interview: In two separate interviews, Diana Abu-Jaber discusses the genesis behind Crescent, her second novel; and Origin, a thriller set in Syracuse, New York.
Rankin wird von Buch zu Buch besser! Black and Blue by Ian Rankin is on Dianas read shelf. Diana gave this book 5 stars. Shelves: krimi and english.
Migos group member Kiara Cephus has reportedly been dragged into a murder case from earlier this month, however, is being less than cooperative with law
Ensuring safety standards and build regulations are met. ceptacle love stage episode 10 english sub gogoanime soundcloud esta noche san francisco cephus johnson football south anthony f barbaro enregistreur tnt samsung refrigerator cc icons wire frame website rancho caballo plateado gre prep sample questions jack kennedy qualcomm careers steve mcgarrett 1968 firebird delije navijanje bordo bereliler neapolitan folk songs aminofusin pediatrik 8 acres malaysia cerca eletrica rural como fazer feijoada fleet bank providence ri loiaconi cristina marsillach kiszonka z pokrzywy na mszyce kool savas nrs interlude lyrics tech tour du mont blanc cyclo resultats 2012 linksys wrt54g driver download xp corte de la haya historia de puerto baby shower invitaciones creativas de minions pastor presidential inaugurations beginner watercolor pictures of chickens scott matthews eyes wider than before chords and lyrics pm3302 kemps van de vorst como hacer declaracion complementaria irpf 2011 go joon hee bikini ...
A new technique for exchanging DNA between egg cells has led to the birth of 4 healthy monkeys, scientists report. The method may one day provide new options for preventing certain inherited disorders that pass from mother to child in mitochondria, the tiny capsule-shaped structures that create energy inside nearly all the bodys cells.
From a Darwinian viewpoint, the existence of altruism in nature is at first sight puzzling, as Darwin himself realized. Natural selection leads us to expect animals to behave in ways that increase their own chances of survival and reproduction, not those of others. But by behaving altruistically an animal reduces its own fitness, so should be at a selective disadvantage vis- -vis one which behaves selfishly. To see this, imagine that some members of a group of Vervet monkeys give alarm calls when they see predators, but others do not. Other things being equal, the latter will have an advantage. By selfishly refusing to give an alarm call, a monkey can reduce the chance that it will itself be attacked, while at the same time benefiting from the alarm calls of others. So we should expect natural selection to favour those monkeys that do not give alarm calls over those that do. But this raises an immediate puzzle. How did the alarm-calling behaviour evolve in the first place, and why has it not ...
Buy Ganduri adunate... un sir imens de vise (...) Si a mii de file cu... ganduri adunate. by Diana Fanea (eBook) online at Lulu. Visit the Lulu Marketplace for product details, ratings, and reviews.
During a recent conversation that included ALPFA Board member and former Chairman, Hector Perez, we discussed how we are now highlighting different ALPFA members on ALPFA.org/News on our People Spotlight Feature. Soon after I received an email from Hector which is, in essence, a loving tribute and honor to this accomplished Latina, his wife, Diana Perez. Heres what he had to say... ...
See what Diana Andreeva (dianochkaandree) has discovered on Pinterest, the worlds biggest collection of everybodys favorite things.
Pérez-Castro, Rosalía ; Castellanos, Jaime E.; Olano, Victor Alberto ; Matiz, María Inés ; Jaramillo, Juan Felipe ; Vargas, Sandra Lucía ; Sarmiento, Diana ; Stenström, Thor-Axel ; Overgaard, Hans J. ...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Diana Contreras, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Diana Ponsky, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Diana Taurasi of the Phoenix Mercury is arguably the greatest player in the history of the WNBA. She has won an MVP award, three WNBA championships and four Olympic gold medals. And this season, she became the leagues all-time leading scorer.Shes still going strong, bringing it in practice, which is where The Shows Steve Goldstein caught up with her at Talking Stick Resort Arena in downtown Phoenix.He started by asking how, after all of her years of success, shes able to stay motivated.
Buy Diana McMahan - Heavenly Assurance [CD] at DeepDiscount.com. Music: Gospel: 634479358852. Guaranteed Lowest Price. Free Shipping on Orders over $25!
DentalPlans detailed profile of Diana Gerov , DDS - Dentist in 11367. View plans, sample savings & pricing, patient reviews & practice information.
DIANA C DWYER is located in New York, Uniondale - Real Rehab Reviews and Professional Contact Details for Addiction Treatment Services
Written by Diana Watson, Audiobook narrated by Rebecca Ortiz. Sign-in to download and listen to this audiobook today! First time visiting Audible? Get this book free when you sign up for a 30-day Trial.
Rabbit polyclonal GRP78 BiP antibody. Validated in WB, IP, IHC, EM, ICC/IF and tested in Mouse, Rat, Dog, Human, Pig, African green monkey, Chinese hamster. Cited in 284 publication(s). Independently…
Need someone to clean your house? Post your housekeeping job here and well find local matches with cleaners and housekeepers near you.
I learned what we were having at 14 weeks and 3 days. Then again at 15 16 And 17. By 3 different techs and doctors. It seems like everyone wanted to know, thankfully they all also asked before looking. Just in case we were team green. Which I do not have the will power for. So were pretty darn confident in knowing
Additionally to having an API key associated with your account, exporting private event information requires the usage of a persistent signature. This enables API URLs which do not expire after a few minutes so while the setting is active, anyone in possession of the link provided can access the information. Due to this, it is extremely important that you keep these links private and for your use only. If you think someone else may have acquired access to a link using this key in the future, you must immediately create a new key pair on the My Profile page under the HTTP API and update the iCalendar links afterwards ...
I never saw it coming, but Diana managed to turn the anthropornography (or is it more correct to say pornosophy?) thread into something serious. Well, maybe it was serious from the start, just not this serious. I thought Id nick the topic and Dianas formulation of it too. Here it goes: What are the implications…
I. S. Vlachos, M. D. Paraskevopoulou, D. Karagkouni, G. Georgakilas, T. Vergoulis, I. Kanellos, I-L. Anastasopoulos, S. Maniou, K. Karathanou, D. Kalfakakou, A. Fevgas, T. Dalamagas and A. G. Hatzigeorgiou. DIANA-TarBase v7.0: indexing more than half a million experimentally supported miRNA:mRNA interactions. Nucl. Acids Res. (2014 ...
I. S. Vlachos, M. D. Paraskevopoulou, D. Karagkouni, G. Georgakilas, T. Vergoulis, I. Kanellos, I-L. Anastasopoulos, S. Maniou, K. Karathanou, D. Kalfakakou, A. Fevgas, T. Dalamagas and A. G. Hatzigeorgiou. DIANA-TarBase v7.0: indexing more than half a million experimentally supported miRNA:mRNA interactions. Nucl. Acids Res. (2014 ...
MLA Modern Language Association Founded in 1883 Primarily used in language and literature Format: works cited has replaced the term
Read information related to various clinical products including OC-Auto® FIT, OC-Light® S FIT, OC-Auto® Sensor Diana, OC-Auto® Micro 80.
Read information related to various clinical products including OC-Auto® FIT, OC-Light® S FIT, OC-Auto® Sensor Diana, OC-Auto® Micro 80.
ISBN 978-1-4081-8996-2. Media related to Cercopithecus petaurista at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Cercopithecus petaurista ... The lesser spot-nosed monkey, lesser spot-nosed guenon, lesser white-nosed guenon, or lesser white-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus ... Matsuda Goodwin, R., Segniagbeto, G., Wiafe, E., Osei, D., Koné, I., Gonedelé Bi, S. & Oates, J.F. (2020). "Cercopithecus ...
Cercopithecus aethiops; grivet monkey, ወዓግ (wi'ag) - Crocuta crocuta, spotted hyena, ዝብኢ (zibi) - Caracal caracal, caracal, ጭክ ...
"Cercopithecus erythrotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 2012-11-10.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors ...
The greater spot-nosed monkey or putty-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans) is one of the smallest Old World monkeys. It is a ... Cronin, D.T.; Maisels, F.; Gadsby, E.; Gonedelé Bi, S.; Ikemeh, R.; Imong, I. (2019). "Cercopithecus nictitans". IUCN Red List ... Arnold, K. & Zuberbühler, K. (2006). "The alarm-calling system of adult male putty-nosed monkeys, Cercopithecus nictitans ... Mammal species of the World: Cercopithecus nictitans. ...
... (Cercopithecus lowei) is an Old World monkey in the family Cercopithecidae found from the Ivory Coast to ... Wiafe, E.; Oates, J.F.; Gonedelé Bi, S.; Koné, I.; Matsuda Goodwin, R.; Osei, D. (2019). "Cercopithecus lowei". The IUCN Red ...
Retrieved 1 January 2009.old-form url Oates, J.F.; Baker, L.R. & Tooze, Z.J. (2008). "Cercopithecus sclateri". IUCN Red List of ... Oates, J.F.; Gippoliti, S. & Groves, C.P. (2016). "Cercopithecus roloway". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e. ...
Cercopithecus hamlyni hamlyni Cercopithecus hamlyni kahuziensis Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). ... The Hamlyn's monkey (Cercopithecus hamlyni), also known as the owl-faced monkey, is a species of Old World monkey that inhabits ... This he believed to be an intermediate between Cercopithecus and Cercocebus. Hamlyn's monkey has one subspecies other than the ... Hart, J. & Butynski, T. M. (2008). "Cercopithecus hamlyni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T4219A10657863. doi: ...
The white-throated guenon (Cercopithecus erythrogaster), also known as the red-bellied monkey and the red-bellied guenon, is a ... Matsuda Goodwin, R., Oates, J.F., Nobimè, G., Segniagbeto, G.H., Ikemeh, R. & Mittermeier, R.A. (2020). "Cercopithecus ... There are two subspecies of white-throated guenon: Red-bellied guenon, Cercopithecus erythrogaster erythrogaster Nigerian white ... guenon, Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the ...
Cercopithecus pogonias nigripes du Chaillu, 1860 (Black-footed crested mona): Endemic to Gabon Cercopithecus pogonias pogonias ... Wolf's mona monkey Cercopithecus wolfi and Dent's mona monkey Cercopithecus denti. Three subspecies appear to be the most ... especially with moustached guenon Cercopithecus cephus and greater spot-nosed monkey Cercopithecus nictitans . These large ... This species sits within the mona superspecies grouping within Cercopithecus. There does not seem to be a consensus around how ...
Kingdon, J.; Gippoliti, S.; Butynski, T. M.; Lawes, M. J.; Eeley, H.; Lehn, C.; De Jong, Y. (2008). "Cercopithecus mitis". IUCN ... Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercopithecus dryas". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). ... Retrieved 12 November 2008.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercopithecus diana". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). ... Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercopithecus roloway". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). ...
The moustached guenon or moustached monkey (Cercopithecus cephus) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is ... Oates, J. F.; Gippoliti, S. & Bearder, S. (2008). "Cercopithecus cephus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e. ...
Cercopithecus Wolfi, and Cercopithecus Wolfi Elegans, in the forests between the Lualaba and Lomani rivers, south of the ... Dent's mona monkey (Cercopithecus denti) is an Old World monkey in the family Cercopithecidae found in the Democratic Republic ... Oates, J. F.; Hart, J. & Groves, C. P. (2016). "Cercopithecus denti". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e. ... a subspecies or a separate species is dependent on further research that needs to be done at the contact zone of Cercopithecus ...
... , also known as Campbell's guenon and Campbell's monkey (Cercopithecus campbelli) is a species of primate ... Matsuda Goodwin, R., Gonedelé Bi, S. & Koné, I. (2020). "Cercopithecus campbelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e ... Retrieved 10 July 2020.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) "Campbell's monkey (Cercopithecus campbelli), Glasgow Museums ...
"L'Hoest's monkey; Cercopithecus lhoesti". BBC, Science & Nature: Animals. Retrieved 2006-09-07. Wilson, Don E.; Reede, DeeAnn M ... Hart, J.; Butynski, T. M. & Hall, J. (2011). "Cercopithecus lhoesti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011. Retrieved 18 ... ISBN 1-873150-24-5. ARKive - images and movies of L'Hoest's guenon (Cercopithecus lhoesti). ... than to the other guenons of the genus Cercopithecus. C. lhoesti has a short, dark brown coat, with a chestnut color across the ...
The Diana monkey (Cercopithecus diana) is an Old World monkey. The term "old-world monkey" refers to the family of monkeys ... Play media Cercopithecus diana in Singapore Zoo. Video clip Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... 2005). "Cercopithecus diana". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins ... Koné, I.; McGraw, S.; Gonedelé Bi, S.; Oates, J.F. (2019). "Cercopithecus diana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. ...
The roloway monkey (Cercopithecus roloway) is an endangered species of Old World monkey endemic to tropical West Africa. It was ... Koné, I.; Oates, J.F.; Dempsey, A.; Gonedelé Bi, S.; McGraw, S.; Wiafe, E. (2019). "Cercopithecus roloway". The IUCN Red List ... Curtin, Sheila H. (2004). Diet of the Roloway Monkey, Cercopithecus diana roloway, in Bia National Park, Ghana. Developments in ...
... (Cercopithecus neglectus) is an Old World monkey endemic to the riverine and swamp forests of central Africa ... Aside from size, it can be differentiated from other cercopithecus monkeys by its orange diadem and white beard. Due to its ... The lifespan of the De Brazza's monkey is thought to correspond similarly to other members of Cercopithecus which live up to 22 ... Stein, J. (2002). "Cercopithecus neglectus". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2012-04-30. Wahome, J. M.; Rowell, T. E.; ...
... (Cercopithecus sclateri), also known as Sclater's monkey and the Nigerian monkey, is an Old World monkey that ... Baker, L.; Oates, J.F.; Ikemeh, R.; Gadsby, E. (2019). "Cercopithecus sclateri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e. ... It should not be confused with the closely related species, the white-throated guenon (Cercopithecus erythrogaster), which ...
Cercopithecus erythrotis erythrotis Waterhouse, 1838 Bioko Red-eared Monkey:Bioko island in Equatorial Guinea. The red-eared ... The red-eared guenon, red-eared monkey, or russet-eared guenon (Cercopithecus erythrotis) is a species of primate in the family ... "Red-eared Guenon (Cercopithecus erythrotis)". Wildscreen Arkive. Wildscreen. Archived from the original on 2016-11-24. ... Oates, J. F.; Gippoliti, S. & Groves, C. P. (2008). "Cercopithecus erythrotis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. ...
"Cercopithecus mona". Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). International Union for Conservation of Nature Invasive Species ... and Oceania Cercopithecus mona (mona monkey) successfully introduced to Grenada and São Tomé and Príncipe Chlorocebus sabaeus ( ...
The Dryas monkey (Cercopithecus dryas), also known as Salonga monkey, ekele, or inoko, is a little-known species of guenon ... It is now established that the animals that had been classified as Cercopithecus salongo (the common name being Zaire Diana ... Colyn, M.; Gautier-Hion, A.; Vanden Audenaerde, D. T. (1991). "Cercopithecus dryas Schwarz 1932 and C. salongo Vanden ... Hart, J.; Butynski, T.M. & Hurley, M. (2008). "Cercopithecus dryas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e. ...
The mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) is an Old World monkey that lives in western Africa between Ghana and Cameroon. The mona ... It often associates with other species of monkeys including Lowe's mona monkey (Cercopithecus lowei) and the crested mona ... Matsuda Goodwin, R., Segniagbeto, G., Nobimè, G. & Imong, I. (2020). "Cercopithecus mona". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ... ISBN 978-1-4729-2531-2. "Cercopithecus mona". Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). International Union for Conservation of ...
"Red-tail Monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius)". www.theprimata.com. Retrieved 2016-11-28. "Red-Tailed guenon (Cercopithecus ascanius ... "Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2016-11-28. "Red-tail Monkey - ... Oates, J. F.; Hart, J.; Groves, C. P. & Butynski, T. M. (2008). "Cercopithecus ascanius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... Detwiler, Kate M. (2004-01-01). "Hybridization between Red-tailed Monkeys (Cercopithecus ascanius) and Blue Monkeys (C. Mitis) ...
The golden monkey (Cercopithecus kandti) is a species of Old World monkey found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central ... This species was previously thought to be a subspecies of the blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis), and the two are similar ... Butynski, T. M. (2008). "Cercopithecus mitis ssp. kandti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2009. ...
Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni. Also, a species of African snake, Prosymna stuhlmanni, is named in his honor. His publications ...
The silver monkey (Cercopithecus doggetti) is a species of Old World monkey found primarily in East Africa. Its range includes ... The silver monkey was previously considered a subspecies of the blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis). Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson ... Kingdon, J. & Butynski, T. M. (2008). "Cercopithecus mitis ssp. doggetti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved ...
... (Cercopithecus albogularis), also known as the white-throated monkey or Samango monkey, is an Old World monkey ... Kingdon, J.; Butynski, T. M. & De Jong, Y. (2008). "Cercopithecus mitis ssp. albogularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ...
Primates in the park include the Colobus vellerosus (VU), Procolobus verus (LR/nt), and Cercopithecus diana roloway (CR). The ... "Cercopithecus roloway (Roloway monkey)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2019-05-18. "Green-tailed Bristlebill (Bleda eximius ...
"Cercopithecus mona (mona monkey)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2019-05-25. "The most abundant large herbivore in Africa is ...
... genus Cercopithecus) from Gabon". Journal of Zoology 215 (3): 561-575. (Cercopithecus solatus, new species). Mittermeier, ... It was discovered as a new species in 1988, and is classified as a guenon, which is a member of the genus Cercopithecus, but ... ARKive - images and movies of the sun-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus solatus) Animal Info 2004 Harrison, Michael J. S. (1988). "A ... Cercopithecus solatus) in Gabon: Inaugural Data From the Only SemifreeRanging Colony in the World". American Journal of ...
Cercopithecus preussi in Mammal Species of the World. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cercopithecus_preussi&oldid=3615348" ...
Cercopithecus nictitans ssp. nictitans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136922A4350225. . Downloaded on 23 ...
Cercopithecus aethiops. Other names i. › African green monkey. › African green monkeys. › Ceropithecus aethiops. › grivet. › ...
Definition: A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the \r\ncriteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild ...
Cercopithecus aethiops Passage History The cell line was brought to the Laboratory of Tropical Virology, National Institute of ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : U96005 Cercopithecus aethiops endogenous retrovirus-H family LTR Vero1, complete sequence. ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : U96006 Cercopithecus aethiops endogenous retrovirus-H family LTR Vero2, complete sequence. ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : U96007 Cercopithecus aethiops endogenous retrovirus-H family LTR Vero3, complete sequence. ...
More recent field experiments with Diana monkeys (Cercopithecus diana) of Taï Forest, Ivory Coast, have clearly shown that loud ...
Genus: Cercopithecus. Species. Cercopithecus mitis. Common name. Blue monkey. Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits. Maximum ... AnAge entry for Cercopithecus mitis Classification (HAGRID: 02358). Taxonomy. Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: ...
Genus: Cercopithecus. Species. Cercopithecus wolfi. Common name. Wolfs monkey. Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits. Maximum ... AnAge entry for Cercopithecus wolfi Classification (HAGRID: 02364). Taxonomy. Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: ...
Cercopithecus ascanius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T4212A10654844. . Downloaded on 17 February 2018.. ... Home » Cercopithecus ascanius (Black-cheeked White-nosed Monkey, Red-tailed Guenon, Red-tailed Monkey, Redtail Monkey, ... Red-tail monkey Cercopithecus ascanius distinguishing characters and distribution. African Primates 5: 18-24. ...
Cercopithecus mona) on the basis of microbiologic, molecular genetic, and histologic data. The same strain of W. confusa, as ... A juvenile female mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) was found dead without clinical signs of disease in the previous 24 h. The ... We describe the first systemic infection by Weissella confusa in a mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) on the basis of ... Weissella confusa Infection in Primate (Cercopithecus mona) On This Page. *Case Report ...
Buy or license direct from the photographer this stunning image of : Vervet Monkey ( Cercopithecus Aethiops ) , Lewa Wildlife Conservancy , Laikipia ...
Experimental louse-borne relapsing fever in the grivet monkey, Cercopithecus aethiops. III. Crisis following therapy * D. M. ... Experimental louse-borne relapsing fever in the grivet monkey, Cercopithecus aethiops. III. Crisis following therapy, Page 1 of ...
Balasch J., Sabater-Pi J., Padrosa T. (1974). "Perceptual learning ability in Mandrillus sphinx and Cercopithecus nictitans ... String-pulling in Martins spot-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans martini): evidence of physical continuity understanding ... Cercopithecus aethiops and Saguinus oedipus)". - Anim. Cogn. Vol 9: 94-109. [Crossref] ...
Smith, LW; Link, A; & Cords, M (2008). Cheek pouch use, predation risk, and feeding competition in blue monkeys ( Cercopithecus ... Cheek pouch use, predation risk, and feeding competition in blue monkeys ( Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni ) ...
Experimental infections of baboons (Papio spp.) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) with Trichinella zimbabwensis and ... Keywords: Baboons, Cercopithecus aethiops, ivermectin, levamisole, monkeys, oxfendazole, Papio spp., pathology, Trichinella ... Cercopithecus aethiops) and the clinical-pathological manifestations assessed. The infected animals showed clinical signs ...
The distribution of Cercopithecus (lhoesti) solatus, an endemic guenon of Gabon. Revue dEcologie 47:367-381. Gillespie TR, ... A new species of guenon (genus Cercopithecus) from Gabon. J Zool 215:561-575. Havill L, Snider C, Leland M, Hubbard G, Theriot ... Contribution à la ré-évaluation de laire de répartition du singe à queue de soleil (Cercopithecus solatus). Revue de ... The sun-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus solatus Harrisson) is one of the most poorly known nonhuman primate species. Due to its ...
oa African Zoology - Observations on the anatomy of the tail in the vervet monkey, Cercopithecus, which bear on ...
Daily Brief Cercopithecus hamlyni, Cercopithecus roloway, death, elephant, Hinduism, India, Indonesia, Janai Purnima Festival, ... Cercopithecus roloway. Aug 2, 2012. August 2 Photo Brief: Elephant burial, Kofi Annan steps down as UN-Arab League envoy and ...
Encephalitozoonosis was induced in 35 of 38 vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus pygerythrus). They were either directly (orally) ... Studies of encephalitozoonosis in vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus pygerythrus) orally inoculated with spores of Encephalitozoon ... Studies of encephalitozoonosis in vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus pygerythrus) orally inoculated with spores of Encephalitozoon ...
Species Cercopithecus mona mona monkey Cercopithecus mona: information (1) Cercopithecus mona: specimens (9) ... These include Cercopithecus neglectus, Cercopithecus mitis, and Cercopithecus atheiops.. (Grzimek 1990, Kingdon 1974, Nowak ... Cercopithecus mona is a small Old World guenon monkey with a body length of 32 to 53 cm and a long tail of 67 to 90 cm. ... Cercopithecus mona is an arboreal creature and can be found primarily in rainforests, toward the middle and top of the trees. ...
Species Cercopithecus ascanius black-cheeked white-nosed monkey Cercopithecus ascanius: information (1) Cercopithecus ascanius ... Cercopithecus ascanius is potential prey for chimpanzees, crowned hawk-eagles, wild cats, and humans (Kingdon, 1984; Leland and ... Redtail monkeys (Cercopithecus ascanius) are found in Africa from the Central African Republic eastwards through Kenya and ... Cercopithecus ascanius males, upon reaching sexual maturity, disperse from the home range and displace other males in different ...
Cercopithecus [B01.050.150.900.649.313.988.400.112.199.120.126]. *Cercopithecus aethiops [B01.050.150.900.649.313.988.400. ... A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the ... "Cercopithecus aethiops" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Cercopithecus aethiops" by people in this website by year, and ...
Fetal membranes and placenta of the african green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops). George E.O. Owiti, Ross P. Tarara, Andrew G ... Fetal membranes and placenta of the african green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops). Anatomy and Embryology. 1989 May;179(6):591- ... Fetal membranes and placenta of the african green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops). / Owiti, George E.O.; Tarara, Ross P.; ... Owiti, GEO, Tarara, RP & Hendrickx, AG 1989, Fetal membranes and placenta of the african green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops) ...
Cercopithecus petaurista. Place. Efeipo Krom, Western Region, Ghana, Africa. Length - Total. 1080 mm. Length - Tail. 623 mm. ...
Cercopithecus sabaeus. Other names i. › Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus. › Cercopithecus sabeus. › Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus ...
Placentation in the African green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops. The effect of antiprogestin RU 486 on pregnant long-tailed ...
Vervet monkey (cercopithecus aethiops) and baby alertly eyeing something. Kruger National Park, Mpumulanga, South Africa.. RM ... Black-faced Vervet Monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops) mother with young, Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. RM ... Vervet Monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) grooming, Fanies Island, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South ... Black-faced Vervet Monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops) juvenile in tree, Elsamere, Lake Naivasha, Kenya. RM ...
Cercopithecus. (Arboreal guenons). *Dryas monkey (C. dryas). *Diana monkey (C. diana). *Roloway monkey (C. roloway) ...
Cercopithecus. (Guenons). *Dryas monkey (C. dryas). *Diana monkey (C. diana). *Roloway monkey (C. roloway) ...
  • and four vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) and the clinical-pathological manifestations assessed. (scielo.org.za)
  • Encephalitozoonosis was induced in 35 of 38 vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus pygerythrus). (up.ac.za)
  • Longitudinal observations of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) living in naturally composed captive social groups demonstrated that the average amount of contact that mothers maintained with their infants in the first six months of life could be predicted by the amount of mother-infant contact the females had experienced as infants. (nih.gov)
  • Morphometric analysis of growth and development in wild-collected vervet monkeys ( Cercopithecus aethiops ), with implications for growth patterns in Old World monkeys, apes and humans. (springer.com)
  • There are now at least six species of vervets recognized, but often in the literature, they are ubiquitously referred to as Chlorocebus aethiops ( Ch. aethiops ) by their former genus, Cercopithecus aethiops ( C. aethiops ) (e.g. (wisc.edu)
  • Postcranial proportions of Cercopithecus aethiops and C. mitis . (springer.com)
  • Subject: Feeding ecology of Sykes Monkeys ( Cercopithecus mitis ). (mpg.de)
  • More recent field experiments with Diana monkeys ( Cercopithecus diana ) of Taï Forest, Ivory Coast, have clearly shown that loud male calls function as predator alarm calls because calls reliably (1) label different predator classes and (2) convey semantic information about the predator type present. (springer.com)
  • Mona monkeys, Cercopithecus mona , are found in southwest Africa. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Redtail monkeys ( Cercopithecus ascanius ) are found in Africa from the Central African Republic eastwards through Kenya and south into Angola and Zambia. (animaldiversity.org)
  • In 2009, experimental Cyclospora infections were established in two juvenile female and two adult male Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkeys) at Nairobi's Institute of Primate Research (IPR). (ac.ke)
  • Adrenal gland weights, stomach mucosal lesions, and morning serum cortisol and prolactin levels were measured in 15 juvenile and adult male African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) that were shot by a hunter, euthanized after 24 hr of captivity, or euthanized after 45 days of captivity and intermittent blood sampling. (ac.ke)
  • Fifteen grivet monkeys, Cercopithecus aethiops , were infected with an Ethiopian strain of Borrelia recurrentis , the causative agent of louse-borne relapsing fever. (ajtmh.org)
  • Although data are lacking for C. ascanius , in general, species in the genus Cercopithecus have gestations ranging in duration from around 5 months to a maximun of 7 months. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Although data are not available for this species, other members of the genus Cercopithecus are known to live in captivity for more than 30 years. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Several genera of primates were identified as having ENMs overlapping with that of Tanapox and are suggested as potential reservoirs, mainly members of the Genus Cercopithecus . (cdc.gov)
  • In order to document the general biology of one of the most poorly known nonhuman primate species, and contribute to its conservation, the clinical blood biochemistry and hematology of the sun-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus solatus Harrisson) was investigated in its range of endemicity in Gabon. (docme.ru)
  • A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. (ucdenver.edu)
  • The lesser spot-nosed monkey, lesser spot-nosed guenon, lesser white-nosed guenon, or lesser white-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus petaurista) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the purposes of this assessment this taxonomy is adopted, and the vervet monkey of southern Africa is therefore referred to as Cercopithecus pygerythrus . (sanbi.org)
  • Cercopithecus ascanius displays a polygynous-promiscuous mating system (Cords et al. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Experimental louse-borne relapsing fever in the grivet monkey, Cercopithecus aethiops. (ajtmh.org)
  • The distribution of putative melatonin receptors in the brains of two Old World primates of the superfamily Catarrhina, Cercopithecus aethiops and Papio ursinus, was characterized using 2-[125I]iodomelatonin autoradiography. (sns.it)
  • The facial muscles of single specimens of vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops), bushbaby (Galago senegalensis) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) are described and contrasted with the Chacma baboon, (Papio ursinus). (gsajournals.org)
  • We describe the first systemic infection by Weissella confusa in a mona monkey ( Cercopithecus mona ) on the basis of microbiologic, molecular genetic, and histologic data. (cdc.gov)
  • A juvenile female mona monkey ( Cercopithecus mona ) was found dead without clinical signs of disease in the previous 24 h. (cdc.gov)
  • Vervet or Green Monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops), South Africa. (gettyimages.com)
  • Cercopithecus mona is an arboreal creature and can be found primarily in rainforests, toward the middle and top of the trees. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Cercopithecus aethiops" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (ucdenver.edu)
  • Clinical Biochemistry and Hematology of the Elusive Sun-Tailed Monkey (Cercopithecus solatus) in Gabon Inaugural Data From the Only Semifree Ranging Colony in the World. (docme.ru)
  • Hendrickx, Andrew G. / Fetal membranes and placenta of the african green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops) . (elsevier.com)
  • Placentation in the African green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops. (who.int)
  • Cercopithecus mona is a small Old World guenon monkey with a body length of 32 to 53 cm and a long tail of 67 to 90 cm. (animaldiversity.org)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Cercopithecus aethiops. (who.int)
  • Click arrows below to see other photos of Cercopithecus neglectus at zoos worldwide. (zooinstitutes.com)
  • Total 40 photos of De Brazza's monkey / Cercopithecus neglectus on site. (zooinstitutes.com)
  • Age- and sex-specific patterns of vocal behavior in De Brazza's monkeys (Cercopithecus neglectus). (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Wolf's Mona Monkey- Cercopithecus wolfi A werewolf monkey? (ilovewerewolves.com)
  • It was clearly a guenon monkey (in the genus Cercopithecus), but distinguished by large eye sockets, distinct vocalisations, and some unusual behaviours. (focusingonwildlife.com)
  • The silver monkey ( Cercopithecus doggetti ) is a species of Old World monkey found primarily in East Africa . (wikimili.com)
  • The red-eared guenon , red-eared monkey , or russet-eared guenon ( Cercopithecus erythrotis ) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae . (wikimili.com)
  • Many of the animal remains consist of partially dissected skeletons, including the unique finds of Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni) and Cercopithecus monkey. (uclan.ac.uk)
  • The diverse fauna includes a number of threatened species such as hawksbill turtle ( Eretmochelys imbricata ), African manatee ( Trichechus senegalensis ), Brycinus carolinae (a ray-finned fish) and red-bellied monkey ( Cercopithecus erythrogaster ). (ramsar.org)
  • The status of a recently discovered monkey Chlorocebus djamdjamensis (previously known as Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis), which is endemic to Ethiopia and found in Bale mountain is unknown. (gov.et)
  • In Losh's book a lost redtail monkey ( Cercopithecus ascanius ) must learn how to listen to the forest-with the help of many new friends-before finding their way back home. (mongabay.com)
  • As you climb up the mountains, you will spot Rwenzori Turaco, Guerrezzas monkey, Cercopithecus (Red tailed monkeyguenon), sunlight birds, Chimpanzee,… Wildlife are however difficult to spot due to the dense forests. (kwafrikatravel.com)
  • Fortunately for him, Detwiler had started collaborating with the TL2 project, which was behind the discovery of the lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis). (focusingonwildlife.com)
  • Close up of new species: lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis). (originalpeople.org)
  • Fast forward through five years of field work, genetic research and anatomical study, and today (Sept. 12) Hart and a list of collaborators formally introduced to the world a new primate species, dubbed Cercopithecus lomamiensis , and known locally as the lesula. (originalpeople.org)
  • It was discovered as a new species in 1988, and is classified as a guenon, which is a member of the genus Cercopithecus , but was subsequently moved to the genus Allochrocebus . (wikimili.com)
  • Cercopithecus griseus (Guenon Grivet) illustrated by Charles Dessalines D' Orbigny (1806-1876). (rawpixel.com)
  • [3] [4] It was formerly considered a member of the genus Cercopithecus . (wikimili.com)