A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE inhabiting the African forests. They are also known as mangabeys.
A species of Old World monkeys from the genera CERCOCEBUS that is important in AIDS research. They may be naturally or experimentally infected with the SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS. They inhabit African forests from Sierra Leone to the Congo Republic.
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.
A species of DELTARETROVIRUS that includes the strains SIMIAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3.
Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).
Diseases of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans.
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
Infections caused by the HTLV or BLV deltaretroviruses. They include human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED).
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
Species of the genus LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate immunodeficiency viruses (IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES, PRIMATE), that induces acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in monkeys and apes (SAIDS). The genetic organization of SIV is virtually identical to HIV.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE, which has a well-studied trilevel social structure consisting of troops, bands, and clans.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern equatorial and east Africa. They are smaller than PAPIO ANUBIS and have a thinner mane.
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of five named species: PAPIO URSINUS (chacma baboon), PAPIO CYNOCEPHALUS (yellow baboon), PAPIO PAPIO (western baboon), PAPIO ANUBIS (or olive baboon), and PAPIO HAMADRYAS (hamadryas baboon). Members of the Papio genus inhabit open woodland, savannahs, grassland, and rocky hill country. Some authors consider MANDRILLUS a subgenus of Papio.
A genus of Old World monkeys of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the mountainous regions of Ethiopia. The genus consists of only one species, Theropithecus gelada.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE with a somewhat different social structure than PAPIO HAMADRYAS. They inhabit several areas in Africa south of the Sahara.
A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.
A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Sumatra.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since December 20, 1999 with its own constitution. The island of Macau and adjacent islands are located off the southeast coast of China.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
An infraorder of PRIMATES comprised of the families CERCOPITHECIDAE (old world monkeys); HYLOBATIDAE (siamangs and GIBBONS); and HOMINIDAE (great apes and HUMANS). With the exception of humans, they all live exclusively in Africa and Asia.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.

Normal T-cell turnover in sooty mangabeys harboring active simian immunodeficiency virus infection. (1/33)

Sooty mangabeys naturally infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) remain healthy though they harbor viral loads comparable to those in rhesus macaques that progress to AIDS. To assess the immunologic basis of disease resistance in mangabeys, we compared the effect of SIV infection on T-cell regeneration in both monkey species. Measurement of the proliferation marker Ki-67 by flow cytometry showed that mangabeys harbored proliferating T cells at a level of 3 to 4% in peripheral blood irrespective of their infection status. In contrast, rhesus macaques demonstrated a naturally high fraction of proliferating T cells (7%) that increased two- to threefold following SIV infection. Ki-67(+) T cells were predominantly CD45RA(-), indicating increased proliferation of memory cells in macaques. Quantitation of an episomal DNA product of T-cell receptor alpha rearrangement (termed alpha1 circle) showed that the concentration of recent thymic emigrants in blood decreased with age over a 2-log unit range in both monkey species, consistent with age-related thymic involution. SIV infection caused a limited decrease of alpha1 circle numbers in mangabeys as well as in macaques. Dilution of alpha1 circles by T-cell proliferation likely contributed to this decrease, since alpha1 circle numbers and Ki-67(+) fractions correlated negatively. These findings are compatible with immune exhaustion mediated by abnormal T-cell proliferation, rather than with early thymic failure, in SIV-infected macaques. Normal T-cell turnover in SIV-infected mangabeys provides an explanation for the long-term maintenance of a functional immune system in these hosts.  (+info)

Catarrhine photopigments are optimized for detecting targets against a foliage background. (2/33)

The colour vision of many primates is trichromatic, whereas that of all other mammals is thought to be dichromatic or monochromatic. Moreover, the triplets of cone pigments in different catarrhines (Old World apes and monkeys) are strikingly similar in their spectral positions. We ask whether the selective advantage of trichromacy lies in an enhanced ability to find edible leaves or fruit. Further, we ask whether any factor in these two search tasks has constrained the particular set of cone spectral sensitivities observed in all catarrhines. We measured the spectral properties of the natural environments of six primate species in Uganda: Pan troglodytes, Cercopithecus mitis, Cercopithecus ascanius, Lophocebus albigena, Colobus guereza and Colobus badius. We concentrated on the fruit and leaves in their diets and the leaves of the trees that make up the background against which these diet items must be found. We plotted these measured stimuli in colour spaces appropriate for each primate species, and found that both frugivory and folivory are facilitated by the extra dimension of colour vision found in catarrhines but lacking in most other mammals. Furthermore, by treating the task of searching for food as a signal-detection task, we show that, of all possible combinations of cone sensitivities, the spectral positions of the actual primate pigments are optimal for finding fruit or young leaves against the background of mature leaves. This is because the variance of the chromaticities of the mature leaves is minimised in one channel of the primate's colour vision, so allowing anything that is not a mature leaf to stand out.  (+info)

Characterization of novel simian immunodeficiency viruses from red-capped mangabeys from Nigeria (SIVrcmNG409 and -NG411). (3/33)

Two novel simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains from wild-caught red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) from Nigeria were characterized. Sequence analysis of the fully sequenced SIV strain rcmNG411 (SIVrcmNG411) and gag and pol sequence of SIVrcmNG409 revealed that they were genetically most closely related to the recently characterized SIVrcm from Gabon (SIVrcmGB1). Thus, red-capped mangabeys from distant geographic locations harbor a common lineage of SIV. SIVrcmNG411 carried a vpx gene in addition to vpr, suggesting a common evolutionary ancestor with SIVsm (from sooty mangabeys). However, SIVrcm was only marginally closer to SIVsm in that region than to any of the other lentiviruses. SIVrcm showed the highest similarity in pol with SIVdrl, isolated from a drill, a primate that is phylogenetically distinct from mangabey monkeys, and clustered with other primate lentiviruses (primarily SIVcpz [from chimpanzees] and SIVagmSab [from African green monkeys]) discordantly in different regions of the genome, suggesting a history of recombination. Despite the genetic relationship to SIVcpz in the pol gene, SIVrcmNG411 did not replicate in chimpanzee peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), although two other viruses unrelated to SIVcpz, SIVmndGB1 (from mandrills) and SIVlhoest (from L'Hoest monkeys), were able to grow in chimpanzee PBMC. The CCR5 24-bp deletion previously described in red-capped mangabeys from Gabon was also observed in Nigerian red-capped mangabeys, and SIVrcmNG411, like SIVrcmGB1, used CCR2B and STRL33 as coreceptors for virus entry. SIVrcm, SIVsm, SIVmndGB1, and all four SIVlhoest isolates but not SIVsun (from sun-tailed monkeys) replicated efficiently in human PBMC, suggesting that the ability to infect the human host can vary within one lineage.  (+info)

Molecular epidemiology of simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) in wild-caught monkeys and apes from Cameroon: a new STLV-1, related to human T-lymphotropic virus subtype F, in a Cercocebus agilis. (4/33)

A serological survey for human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)/simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) antibodies was performed in 102 wild-caught monkeys and apes from 15 (sub)species originating from Cameroon. Two animals (a Mandrillus sphinx and a Cercocebus agilis) exhibited a complete HTLV-1 seroreactivity pattern while two others lacked either the p24 (a Mandrillus sphinx) or the MTA-1/gp46 bands (a Pan troglodytes). Sequence comparison and phylogenetic analyses, using a 522 bp env gene fragment and the complete LTR, indicated that the two mandrill STLV strains belonged to the HTLV/STLV subtype D clade while the chimpanzee strain clustered in the HTLV/STLV subtype B clade. The Cercocebus agilis STLV strain, the first one found in this species, was closely related to the two HTLV/STLV subtype F strains. Such data indicate that the African biodiversity of STLV-1 in the wild is far from being known and reinforces the hypothesis of interspecies transmission of STLV-1 from monkeys and apes to humans leading to the present day distribution of HTLV-1 in African inhabitants.  (+info)

Complete sequence of a novel highly divergent simian T-cell lymphotropic virus from wild-caught red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus) from Cameroon: a new primate T-lymphotropic virus type 3 subtype. (5/33)

Among 65 samples obtained from a primate rescue center located in Cameroon, two female adult red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus) (CTO-602 and CTO-604), of wild-caught origin, had a peculiar human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2)-like Western blot seroreactivity (p24, RGD21, +/-K55). Analyses of the simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type 3 (STLV-3)/CTO-604 complete proviral sequence (8,919 bp) indicated that this novel strain was highly divergent from HTLV-1 (60% nucleotide similarity), HTLV-2 (62%), or STLV-2 (62%) prototypes. It was, however, related to STLV-3/PH-969 (87%), a divergent STLV strain previously isolated from an Eritrean baboon. The STLV-3/CTO-604 sequence possesses the major open reading frames corresponding to the structural, enzymatic, and regulatory proteins. However, its long terminal repeat is shorter, with only two 21-bp repeats. Furthermore, as demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR, this new STLV exhibits significant differences from STLV-3/PH-969 at the mRNA splice junction position level. In all phylogenetic analyses, STLV-3/CTO-604 and STLV-3/PH-969 clustered in a highly supported single clade, indicating an evolutionary lineage independent from primate T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (PTLV-1) and PTLV-2. Nevertheless, the nucleotide divergence between STLV-3/PH-969 and STLV-3/CTO-604 is equivalent to or higher than the divergence observed between the different HTLV-1 or HTLV-2 subtypes. Thus, the STLV-3/CTO-604 strain can be considered the prototype of a second subtype in the PTLV-3 type. The presence of two related viruses in evolutionarily distantly related African monkeys species, living in two opposite ecosystems (rain forest versus desert), reinforces the possible African origin of PTLV and opens new avenues regarding the search for a possible human counterpart of these viruses in individuals exhibiting such HTLV-2-like seroreactivities.  (+info)

Divergent simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type 3 (STLV-3) in wild-caught Papio hamadryas papio from Senegal: widespread distribution of STLV-3 in Africa. (6/33)

Among eight samples obtained from a French primatology research center, six adult guinea baboons (Papio hamadryas papio), caught in the wild in Senegal, had a peculiar human T-cell leukemia virus type 2 (HTLV-2)-like Western blot seroreactivity (p24(+), GD21(+), K55(+/-)). Partial sequence analyses of the tax genes (433 bp) indicated that these baboons were infected by a novel divergent simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV). Analyses of the complete proviral sequence (8,892 bp) for one of these strains (STLV-3/PPA-F3) indicate that this STLV was highly divergent from the HTLV-1 (61.6% of nucleotide similarity), HTLV-2 (61.2%), or STLV-2 (60.6%) prototype. It was, however, much more closely related to the few other known STLV-3 strains, exhibiting 87 and 89% of nucleotide similarity with STLV-3/PHA-PH969 (formerly PTLV-L/PH969) and STLV-3/CTO-604, respectively. The STLV-3/PPA-F3 sequence possesses the major HTLV or STLV open reading frames corresponding to the structural, enzymatic, and regulatory proteins. However, its long terminal repeat comprises only two 21-bp repeats. In all phylogenetic analyses, STLV-3/PPA-F3 clustered together in a highly supported single clade with the other known strains of STLV-3, indicating an independent evolution from primate T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (PTLV-1) and PTLV-2. The finding of a new strain of STLV-3 in a West African monkey (Guinea baboon) greatly enlarges the geographical distribution and the host range of species infected by this PTLV type in the African continent. The recent discovery of several different STLV-3 strains in many different African monkey species, often in contact with humans, strongly suggests potential interspecies transmission events, as it was described for STLV-1, between nonhuman primates but also to humans.  (+info)

A novel, divergent simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type 3 in a wild-caught red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) from Nigeria. (7/33)

We present here a novel, distinct simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) found in a red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus) (CTO-NG409), wild-caught in Nigeria, that showed an HTLV-2-like Western blot (WB) seroreactivity. The complete genome (8920 bp) of CTO-NG409 STLV was related to but different from STLV-3/PHA-PH969 (13.5 %) and STLV-3/PPA-F3 (7.6 %), and STLV-3/CTO604 (11.3 %), found in Eritrean and Senegalese baboons, and red-capped mangabeys from Cameroon, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of a conserved tax (180 bp) sequence and the env gene (1482 bp) confirmed the relatedness of STLV-3/CTO-NG409 to the STLV-3 subgroup. Molecular clock analysis of env estimated that STLV-3/CTO-NG409 diverged from East and West/Central African STLV-3s about 140,900+/-12,400 years ago, suggesting an ancient African origin of STLV-3. Since phylogenetic evidence suggests multiple interspecies transmissions of STLV-1 to humans, and given the antiquity and wide distribution of STLV-3 in Africa, a search for STLV-3 in human African populations with HTLV-2-like WB patterns is warranted.  (+info)

Simian T-cell leukemia virus (STLV) infection in wild primate populations in Cameroon: evidence for dual STLV type 1 and type 3 infection in agile mangabeys (Cercocebus agilis). (8/33)

Three types of human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV)-simian T-cell leukemia virus (STLV) (collectively called primate T-cell leukemia viruses [PTLVs]) have been characterized, with evidence for zoonotic origin from primates for HTLV type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 in Africa. To assess human exposure to STLVs in western Central Africa, we screened for STLV infection in primates hunted in the rain forests of Cameroon. Blood was obtained from 524 animals representing 18 different species. All the animals were wild caught between 1999 and 2002; 328 animals were sampled as bush meat and 196 were pets. Overall, 59 (11.2%) of the primates had antibodies cross-reacting with HTLV-1 and/or HTLV-2 antigens; HTLV-1 infection was confirmed in 37 animals, HTLV-2 infection was confirmed in 9, dual HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infection was confirmed in 10, and results for 3 animals were indeterminate. Prevalences of infection were significantly lower in pets than in bush meat, 1.5 versus 17.0%, respectively. Discriminatory PCRs identified STLV-1, STLV-3, and STLV-1 and STLV-3 in HTLV-1-, HTLV-2-, and HTLV-1- and HTLV-2-cross-reactive samples, respectively. We identified for the first time STLV-1 sequences in mustached monkeys (Cercopithecus cephus), talapoins (Miopithecus ogouensis), and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and confirmed STLV-1 infection in mandrills, African green monkeys, agile mangabeys, and crested mona and greater spot-nosed monkeys. STLV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) and env sequences revealed that the strains belonged to different PTLV-1 subtypes. A high prevalence of PTLV infection was observed among agile mangabeys (Cercocebus agilis); 89% of bush meat was infected with STLV. Cocirculation of STLV-1 and STLV-3 and STLV-1-STLV-3 coinfections were identified among the agile mangabeys. Phylogenetic analyses of partial LTR sequences indicated that the agile mangabey STLV-3 strains were more related to the STLV-3 CTO604 strain isolated from a red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus) from Cameroon than to the STLV-3 PH969 strain from an Eritrean baboon or the PPA-F3 strain from a baboon in Senegal. Our study documents for the first time that (i) a substantial proportion of wild-living monkeys in Cameroon is STLV infected, (ii) STLV-1 and STLV-3 cocirculate in the same primate species, (iii) coinfection with STLV-1 and STLV-3 occurs in agile mangabeys, and (iv) humans are exposed to different STLV-1 and STLV-3 subtypes through handling primates as bush meat.  (+info)

ID A0A2K5NBI2_CERAT Unreviewed; 3113 AA. AC A0A2K5NBI2; DT 28-MAR-2018, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 28-MAR-2018, sequence version 1. DT 10-FEB-2021, entry version 17. DE SubName: Full=Uncharacterized protein {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCATP00000034829}; GN Name=CENPF {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCATP00000034829}; OS Cercocebus atys (Sooty mangabey) (Cercocebus torquatus atys). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; OC Cercopithecidae; Cercopithecinae; Cercocebus. OX NCBI_TaxID=9531 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCATP00000034829, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000233060}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCATP00000034829} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Liu Y., Hughes D.S., Murali S., Raveendran M., Korchina V., Wang M., RA Jhangiani S., Bandaranaike D., Bellair M., Blankenburg K., Chao H., RA Dahdouli M., Dinh H., Doddapaneni H., English A., Firestine M., Gross S., RA Hernandez B., ...
This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonians Open Access page ...
The grey-cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena) is an Old World monkey that can be found in the forests of Central Africa. Its range stretches from Cameroon to Gabon. This monkey prefers habitats in primary forests or swamps within forests, but it has also been found in secondary forests. It was thought that these monkeys only lived in the higher canopy, but groups have been found searching for food on the forest floor. The diet of the grey-cheeked mangabey consists of shoots, flowers, and insects, but it mainly eats fruits such as figs. It will eat seasonal fruit as well.. The grey-cheeked mangabey will live in groups of up to thirty individuals, and these groups may contain several males. However, there is no alpha male and young males will leave to join other groups when they are ready. Female mangabey will reside in the group in which they are born. Groups have been known to split if one becomes too large. Each mangabey troop prefers to avoid other troops, so hostilities do not often ...
Molecular epidemiology of simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) in wild-caught monkeys and apes from Cameroon: a new STLV-1, related to human T-lyphotropic virus subtype F, in a Cercocebus agilis ...
Definition: Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also includes so-called look-alike species, i.e. species whose specimens in trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons. International trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that have taken stricter measures than CITES requires). Permits or certificates should only be granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met, above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild. (See Article IV of the Convention ...
Leccinum aurantiacum, is a species of fungus in the genus Leccinum. It is found in forests of Europe, North America and Asia and has a large, characteristically red-capped fruiting body. In North America, it is sometimes referred to by the common name red-capped scaber stalk. There are some uncertainties regarding the taxonomic classification of this species in Europe as well as in North America. It is considered edible. The cap is orange-red and measures up to 8 in (20 cm) across. Its flesh is white, bruising at first burgundy, then grayish or purple-black. The underside of the cap has very small whitish pores that bruise olive-brown. The stem measures 4-7 in (10-18 cm) tall and to a ¾-1¼ in (2-3 cm) thick and can bruise blue-green. It is whitish, with short, rigid projections or scabers that turn to brown to black with age. Leccinum aurantiacum can be found fruiting during summer and autumn in forests throughout Europe and North America. The association between fungus and host tree is ...
One specimen lived 15.3 years in captivity [0669]. In captivity, these animals have been known to breed from about 2 years of age [0979]. ...
Major immune regulatory cytokine that acts on many cells of the immune system where it has profound anti-inflammatory functions, limiting excessive tissue disruption caused by inflammation. Mechanistically, IL10 binds to its heterotetrameric receptor comprising IL10RA and IL10RB leading to JAK1 and STAT2-mediated phosphorylation of STAT3. In turn, STAT3 translocates to the nucleus where it drives expression of anti-inflammatory mediators. Targets antigen-presenting cells (APCs) such as macrophages and monocytes and inhibits their release of pro-inflammatory cytokines including granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor /GM-CSF, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor/G-CSF, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha. Interferes also with antigen presentation by reducing the expression of MHC-class II and co-stimulatory molecules, thereby inhibiting their ability to induce T cell activation (By similarity). In addition, controls the inflammatory response of macrophages by reprogramming essential
Colourization Adult: P.a. aterrimus: both adults in general black with powder from down giving a grey appearance, crimson bare cheek-patches and gape
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Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Macaulay Library ML170582; gray-cheeked mangabey; Lophocebus albigena; © Peter Waser; Kanyawara; near Makerere University Biological Field Station, Western, Uganda; 21 Aug 1974
In contrast to infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in macaques, SIV infection of a natural host, sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys), is non-pathogenic despite high viraemia(1). Here we sequenced and assembled the genome of a captive sooty mangabey. We conducted genome-wide comparative analyses of transcript assemblies from C. atys and AIDS-susceptible species, such as humans and macaques, to identify candidates for host genetic factors that influence susceptibility. We identified several immune-related genes in the genome of C. atys that show substantial sequence divergence from macaques or humans. One of these sequence divergences, a C-terminal frameshift in the toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) gene of C. atys, is associated with a blunted in vitro response to TLR-4 ligands. In addition, we found a major structural change in exons 3-4 of the immune-regulatory protein intercellular adhesion molecule 2 (ICAM-2); expression of this variant ...
GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF CRITICALLY ENDANGERED PRIMATES ENDEMIC TO TANA RIVER, KENYA: TANA RIVER RED COLOBUS (PROCOLOBUS RUFOMITRATUS) AND CRESTED MANGABEY (CERCOCEBUS GALERITUS). Mbora, David N. M.; Munene, Elephas // Journal of Parasitology;Oct2006, Vol. 92 Issue 5, p928 The article reports on the fecal egg counts of gastrointestinal parasites of endangered primates endemic to the forest of Tana River, Kenya, to quantify the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites. The crested mangabey are predicted to have higher prevalence of parasites than the Tana River red... ...
Application: ELISPOT, Immunohistochemistry, In vivo and in vitro neutralization, Intracellular staining, Luminex technology and Western blot analysis. Specificity: Binds with similar affinity to natural human, rhesus macaque, cynomolgus monkey, pig-tailed macaque, Japanese macaque, crested black macaque, barbary macaque, lion-tailed macaque, baboon, mandrill, African green monkey and black mangabey IFN-γ.Clone: MD-1. Isotype: Mouse IgG|sub|1. Production: In vitro using serum free medium. Purification: Ion exchange chromatography. Packaging: Lyophilized and vacuum-packed. Contents: 0.5 mg/vial. Buffer: Prior to lyophilization: 0.5 ml PBS + 125 mM trehalose.
As this patent readily explains, ingredients used in the vaccine are derived from the kidneys of African Green Monkeys who are first infected with the virus, then allowed to fester the disease, and then are killed so that their diseased organs can be used make vaccine ingredients. This is done in a cruel, inhumane flesh factory environment where the monkeys are subjected to a process that includes incubating said inoculated cell line to permit proliferation of said virus. Then: harvesting the virus resulting from step (c); and... (ii) preparing a vaccine from the harvested virus ...
The maned sloth Bradypus torquatus (Bradypodidae:Pilosa) is an endangered and endemic species of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, a biome that was anthropogenical
Numerous studies have sought to link craniofacial morphology with behavioral ecology in primates. Extant hard-object feeders have been of particular interest because of their potential to inform our understanding about the diets of early fossil hominins. Sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) are hard-object feeders that frequently generate what have been described as audibly powerful bites at wide jaw gapes to process materially stiff and hard seeds. We address the hypothesis that sooty mangabeys have features of the masticatory apparatus that facilitate this feeding behavior by comparing fiber architecture and leverage of the masseter and temporalis muscles between sooty mangabeys and three papionin primates that do not specialize on hard objects ...
The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by two retroviruses of the lentivirus subfamily, human immunodeficiency viruses types 1 (HIV-1) and 2 (HIV-2), which derive from cross-species transmissions of viruses naturally infecting two African primate species, the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys), respectively. Eleven transmission events of lentiviruses from these primate species to humans have been inferred from phylogenetic sequence analyses, although only four (which originated HIV-1 groups M and O, and HIV-2 groups A and B) have resulted in epidemic spread. One of these transmissions, corresponding to the common ancestor of the HIV-1 group M viruses, whose initial expansion in Central Africa has been dated by molecular clock analyses to around 1930, eventually originated the AIDS pandemic. How humans acquired the ancestors of the AIDS viruses from simians is uncertain, but natural infection of African non-human primates with lentiviruses is ...
A rare and endangered monkey in an African equatorial rainforest is providing a look into our climatic future through its DNA. Its genes show that wild drills (Mandrillus leucophaeus), already an overhunted species, may see ...
story, set in Roman year 2563 (1810 by our calendar), covers some momentous changes in the Eternal City. The Emperor Demetrius II is not an entirely sane man. Hes no Caligula - his madness tends towards extravagant parties and fanciful building projects - but the Empire is suffering, not the least in the Treasury. The Consuls Valerian Apollinaris and Larcius Torquatus decide to take matters into their own hands. But is the cure worse than the disease?. ...
with Pyrrhus.-Drusosque. M. Livius Salinator Drusus, distinguished for his warlike services in the second Punic contest; and M. Livius Drusus, tribune of the commons in the time of the Gracchi. The Drusi were an illustrious branch of the Claudian house, and to it belonged Tiberius, and Livia, the wife of Augustus. One of the sons of Livia, the brother of Tiberius, distinguished himself by his victories over the Germans.. Sævumque securi Torquatum. Alluding to Titus Manlius Torquatus, a Roman commander, who put his son to death for disobedience of orders.--825. Et referentem signa Camillum, i. e. recovering the standards lost in the battle with the Gauls at the river Allia. Camillus defeated the Gallic invaders of his country, and compelled them to raise the siege of the Capitol.. 826. Illiæ autem. But those (souls) yonder. Alluding to Julius Cæsar and Pompey.-Paribus in armis. Said of the two as being both Romans, and arrayed in Roman arms. Compare Georgics, i. 490.-827. Concordes animæ ...
Agilis During Lacerta Lizards: 3 assigned downloads, like Male Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis, lying exposed on a rock from stock-photos
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Bron: http://www.naturalnews.com/026779_vaccine_flu_virus.html Wednesday, August 05, 2009 by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger Editor of NaturalNews.com (See all articles...) Tags: swine flu vaccines, health news, Natural News (NaturalNews) To most people, vaccines sound medically harmless. Theyre good for you! say the doctors and drug companies, but they never really talk about whats in those vaccines. Theres…
In the wild, infections by primate lentiviruses occur only among African monkeys and chimpanzees. Simian immunodeficiency viruses have been isolated from several species of monkeys. Based on sequence homology, the primate lentiviruses can be divided into several groups, of which only three are important from the perspective of primate models of AIDS: HIV-1/SIVcpz, HIV-2/SIVsmm/SIVmac, and SIVagm. The other primate lentiviruses, e.g., SIVmnd, SIVsyk, SIVwcm, SIVrcm, SIVdrl, etc., have not been used as yet to develop models of AIDS. The primate lentiviruses have little or no pathogenicity in their natural hosts and disease appears to result only after transmission to another species. ...
Definition of guenon in US English - an African monkey found mainly in forests, with a long tail and typically a brightly colored coat. The male is much larg
Agilis piezo motors are directly coupled to the moving carriages with no intermediate screw or gear. Precision motion is achieved by a proprietary ball bearings. When idle, the holding force of the motor locks the position for true set and forget long term stability. Compared to alternative screw driven designs, Agilis rotation stages do not compromise adjustment range or lifetime and they have no backlash. In contrast to ultrasonic motors, the Agilis non-resonant motor makes small incremental adjustments more predictable with an impressive minimum incremental motion capability, ideal for ultra-sensitive alignments.. ...
Agilis 2-lt Bath Features: Finish: Black, Brushed Nickel Glass: Lamina Blanca Shade Material: Glass Lamping: 2 x 100W A19 Medium Base Incandesce
Photo/image Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis), Family: Lacertidae. Location Skagen Klitplantage, Danmark. Photographer: JC Schou, Photoid 74206
See Agile wallaby / Macropus agilis in Munchener Tierpark Hellabrunn, Taxonomy of Agile wallaby and other zoo animals from number zoos worldwide
As someone who grew up eating fresh, local, wild-caught crab, I may be considered a bit of a crab snob...so when I saw Gardeins Mini Crispy Crabless Cakes, I was admittedly skeptical. How could a meatless product be anything like a plump, tender crabcake? I should know, based on previous sampling of Gardeins products, that…
Molecular phylogeny of the free-living archezoan Trepomonas agilis and the nature of the first eukaryote.by T Cavalier-Smith, E E Chao. MiniManuscript.
Sponsoring Institution(s): Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund; Wildlife Conservation Society Research Objectives: Assessment of distribution, abundance, conservation status of the primates of the Udzungwa Mountains, both within Udzungwa Mountains National Park and in the forest reserves of these Eastern Arc mountains. Data also collected on demographics, genetics, and ecological parameters, principally for the endemic Sanje mangabey and recently discovered Highland mangabey Lophocebus kipunji.. Field Positions and Volunteers: Currently no additional funded positions open. Opportunities for training without travel support, although some field expenses might be covered. Inquiries welcomed.. Species Studied: Cercocebus sanjei (Sanje mangabey), Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey), Colobus angolensis palliates (Angola colobus), Galago orinus (Uluguru bushbaby), Galago zanzibaricus (Zanzibar galago), Lophocebus kipunji (highland mangabey), Papio cynocephalus cynocephalus (yellow baboon), Piliocolobus ...
The grey-cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena), also known as the white-cheeked mangabey,[3] is an Old World monkey found in the forests of Central Africa. It ranges from Cameroon down to Gabon. The grey-cheeked mangabey is a dark monkey, looking in shape overall like a small, hairy baboon. Its thick brown fur is almost black in its forest home, with a slightly rufus/golden mane around the neck. The sexes are similar, with the males slightly larger than the females. The grey-cheeked mangabey lives in a variety of habitats with the forests of Central Africa, it is generally thought to live in either swamp or primary forests, in some areas it has also been found in secondary forest as well. Some authors in the past have considered the species to be restricted to the forest canopy, however more recently habituated troops have been observed on the forest floor collecting food. It feeds primarily on fruit, particularly figs, taking other fruits seasonally, as well as shoots, flowers and insects. The ...
The Late Pleistocene global extinction of many terrestrial mammal species has been a subject of intensive scientific study for over a century, yet the relative contributions of environmental changes and the global expansion of humans remain unresolved. A defining component of these extinctions is a bias toward large species, with the majority of small-mammal taxa apparently surviving into the present. Here, we investigate the population-level history of a key tundra-specialist small mammal, the collared lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus), to explore whether events during the Late Pleistocene had a discernible effect beyond the large mammal fauna. Using ancient DNA techniques to sample across three sites in North-West Europe, we observe a dramatic reduction in genetic diversity in this species over the last 50,000 y. We further identify a series of extinction-recolonization events, indicating a previously unrecognized instability in Late Pleistocene small-mammal populations, which we link with ...
Morphological Description of Lacerta Agilis (Lizard) Lacerta agilis (Lizard) is mainly confined to southern England, where it is common in the counties of Dorset, Hampshire, Surely and Kent…
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Characterization of Azomonas agilis PY101, a cadmium-resistant strain isolated from Anyang stream. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) the Gram-positive bacteria species Micrococcus agilis. Micrococcus occurs in a wide range of environments, including water, dust, and soil. Magnification unknown. - Stock Image C028/2210
Simian T-cell lymphoma/leukemia virus-1 (STLV-1) infection of non-human primates can serve as a model for human T-cell lymphoma/leukemia virus infection. Two tantalus and 2 patas monkeys were transfused with intraspecies whole blood infected with STLV-1. Infection was determined by ELISA, western blot and DNA PCR analyses. The entire genome of the STLV-1 Tan 90 strain and some of the STVL-1 Pat74 strain were amplified using over-lapping primer-pairs and subsequently sequenced. Followup studies conducted over 2 years indicated that all 4 monkeys remained healthy despite being infected with STLV-1, as determined by PCR, cloning and sequencing analyses. ELISA and Western blot analyses indicated that both patas monkeys seroconverted within 2 months of transfusion, while one tantalus monkey required one year to seroconvert and the other never fully seroconverted. The tantalus monkey which never fully seroconverted, failed to react to HTLV-1 p24 Gag antigen. Sequence analyses indicated that, while unique, the
Author(s): Heinsohn, Robert; Zdenek, Christina N; Cunningham, Ross B; Endler, John A; Langmore, Naomi E | Abstract: All human societies have music with a rhythmic beat, typically produced with percussive instruments such as drums. The set of capacities that allows humans to produce and perceive music appears to be deeply rooted in human biology, but an understanding of its evolutionary origins requires cross-taxa comparisons. We show that drumming by palm cockatoos (Probosciger aterrimus) shares the key rudiments of human instrumental music, including manufacture of a sound tool, performance in a consistent context, regular beat production, repeated components, and individual styles. Over 131 drumming sequences produced by 18 males, the beats occurred at nonrandom, regular intervals, yet individual males differed significantly in the shape parameters describing the distribution of their beat patterns, indicating individual drumming styles. Autocorrelation analyses of the longest drumming sequences
Aquino et al., 2008. Callicebus torquatus lucifer. Locality: Rio Algodon, in northern Peru is close to the border with Colombia, and located near the confluence of the Putumayo river (72°05W/02°29S - 72°10W/02°37S).. Description: General colouration dark brown. Crown with reddish brown hair; broad frontal band with dark brown hair. Facial skin light and moderately covered with short white hair. Dorsal side of trunk and neck chestnut brown; basal portion of hair lighter chestnut, terminal portion chestnut brown. Throat has a band of creamy-white hair extending laterally to the base of the ears. Ventral side of trunk light chestnut. Upper arm with chestnut brown hair, forearm blackish to black hair. Hand with short hair, basal part orange, terminal part yellow-creamy. Thigh with chestnut-brown hair; lower leg and foot with blackish hair. Tail generally blackish brown; basal portion of hair in proximal 2/3 of the tail reddish brown, terminal portion chestnut brown. Remainder of tail with ...
Did a contaminated polio vaccine cause the AIDS epidemic?. Like gossip, a juicy scientific hypothesis doesnt die easy. There has been a dilly percolating through the scientific community this last year, a suggestion at once horrifying and plausable. It has been suggested that a vaccine caused AIDS.. This is not as silly an idea as it might at first appear. To understand its peculiar force, let us quickly review what science knows about the origin of AIDS.. Despite loud claims to the contrary made by the lunatic fringe, the evidence is absolutely solid that AIDS is caused by a virus, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV for short.. When scientists analyzed the DNA sequence of HIV, it turned out to be quite similar to the DNA sequences of viruses found in African monkeys and chimpanzees, the so-called simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV). The most common human AIDS virus, HIV-1, is so startlingly similar to the chimpanzee version of SIV that essentially all researchers agree the human virus must ...
Understanding the reasons why SIV-infected sooty mangabeys (SMs) remain healthy despite high viremia is a key unanswered question in contemporary AIDS research,...
A taxonomic level, the genus, is analyzed from the perspective of reproduction isolation. It is concluded that if species are, by definition, reproductively isolated, then species in one genus should not be capable of breeding with species in other genera. A survey of reported mammalian intergeneric intergeneric hybrids and the application of reproductive criteria to the definition of the category of genus led to the recommendation of a number of taxonomic changes in the context of genera. These include the following genera, with synonyms in parentheses: Macropus (Thylogale, Osphranter, Megaleia, Wallabia); Cercopithecus (Papio, Macaca, Cercocebus, Mandrillus, Cynopithecus, Theropithecus, Erythrocebus, Allenopithecus, Comopithecus); Grampus (Steno, Tursiops); Canis (Alopex, Urocyon, Fennecus, Vulpes, Cerdocyon, Dusicyon); Ursus (Thalarctos, Selenarctos); Melursus (Helarctos); Felis (Panthera); Arctocephalus (Zalophus); Tayassu (Dicotyles); Cervus (Dama, Axis, Elaphurus); Bos (Bibos, Bison); ...
Human T cell leukemia/lymphoma virus Type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2), together with their simian counterparts (STLV-1, STLV-2), belong to the Primate T lymphotropic viruses group (PTLV). The high percentage of homologies between HTLV-1 and STLV-1 strains, led to the demonstration that most HTLV-1 subtypes arose from interspecies transmission between monkeys and humans. STLV-3 viruses belong to the third PTLV type and are equally divergent from both HTLV-1 and HTLV-2. They are endemic in several monkey species that live in West, Central and East Africa. In 2005, we, and others reported the discovery of the human homolog (HTLV-3) of STLV-3 in two asymptomatic inhabitants from South Cameroon whose sera exhibited HTLV indeterminate serologies. More recently, two other cases of HTLV-3 infection in persons living in Cameroon were reported suggesting that this virus is not extremely rare in the human population living in Central Africa. Together with STLV-3, these human viral strains belong to the PTLV-3
encountering one of the monkeys in captivity in a village, the researchers observed the animal, known locally as the lesula, in the wild and, after conducting DNA tests, confirmed that it is a unique species. Scientists say the new species has a naked face and muzzle, a blond chin, a reddish lower back and tail, and a brilliant blue patch of skin in the buttocks and scrotum area. The monkey, which researchers named Cercopithecus lomamiensis, is just the second new species of African monkey identified in the past 28 years. Researchers believe it was likely not identified by scientists earlier because of the remoteness of its 6,500-square-mile range. If were finding new species of primates, then who knows how many new species of small mammals or lizards or insects, just to name a few, might be out there, said Eric Sargis, a professor at Yale University and one of the co-authors of the study. The findings are published in the journal PLoS ONE ...
Dan Mongrain, aka Mongrelboy, was kind enough to share these adorable pictures of the Toronto Zoos newborn baby mandrill. Little mandrills first cling to their moms bellies and then ride on their backs as they grow older and larger. Mandrill...
Researchers have taken a step towards understanding how some species of monkeys such as sooty mangabeys and African green monkeys do not get AIDS when infected with SIV, the simian equivalent of HIV.
Meaningful Gesture in Monkeys Investigating whether Mandrills Create Social Culture. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Retrieved 2012-11-10.old-form url Ehardt, C., Butynski, T.M. & Struhsaker, T. (2008). "Cercocebus sanjei". IUCN Red List of ... "Cercocebus galeritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 2012-11-10.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ...
The collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus), also known as the red-capped mangabey, or the white-collared mangabey (leading to ... Maisels, F.; Oates, J.F.; Linder, J.; Ikemeh, R.; Imong, I.; Etiendem, D. (2019). "Cercocebus torquatus". The IUCN Red List of ... doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.11.031.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Media related to Cercocebus torquatus at Wikimedia ... Nguyen, Khoa Huu (1999). "Cercocebus torquatus". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 6 January 2012. Fa, J.E., Seymour, S., Dupain ...
The species has white eyelids that contrast to its darker face like other Cercocebus species. This contrast in the eyelids is ... Butynski, T.M., de Jong, Y.A., Wieczkowski, J. & King, J. (2020). "Cercocebus galeritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... The Tana River mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus) is a highly endangered species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. Some ... Ecological Correlates of Abundance in the Tana Mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus). American Journal of Primatology. Vol. 63 pp.125 ...
The Sanje mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei) is a highly endangered Old World monkey of the white-eyelid mangabey group from the ... The species was described in 1986 by the American primatologist Russell Mittermeier, who gave it the name Cercocebus sanjei. ... Ehardt, C.; Butynski, T. M. & Struhsaker, T. (2008). "Cercocebus sanjei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e. ...
In the 2000-2002 and 2002-2004 reports, the mangabey was listed as Cercocebus galeritus sanjei, but it has since been ... Butynski, T.M.; Struhsaker, T.; Kingdon, J. & De Jong, Y. (2008). "Cercocebus galeritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... Oates, J.F.; Gippoliti, S. & Groves, C.P. (2016). "Cercocebus lunulatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e. ... Ehardt, C.; Butynski, T.M. & Struhsaker, T. (2008). "Cercocebus sanjei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e. ...
The golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster) is a social Old World monkey found in swampy, humid forests south of the ... Hart, J.A. & Thompson, J. (2020). "Cercocebus chrysogaster". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T4207A17956177. ...
The agile mangabey (Cercocebus agilis) is an Old World monkey of the white-eyelid mangabey group found in swampy forests of ... Hart, J.; Butynski, T. M. & Kingdon, J. (2008). "Cercocebus agilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e. ... "Cercocebus agilis agilis - International Species Information System Abstract". Retrieved 2008-07-19.. ... Cercocebus agilis)". Archived from the original on 8 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-09. "Risk to Human Health from a Plethora of ...
Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercocebus atys". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercocebus agilis". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercocebus sanjei". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Retrieved 4 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Cercocebus torquatus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). ...
"Cercocebus chrysogaster". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 15 July 2015.old-form url Gillespie, Rosemary G.; ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus lunulatus). Both Cercocebus atys and Cercocebus lunulatus were formerly considered subspecies of a widespread ... Cercocebus atys atys, now Cercocebus atys, is commonly known as the sooty mangabey and is situated west of the Sassandra River ... Cercocebus atys lunulatus, now Cercocebus lunulatus, is commonly known as the white-crowned, white-naped, or white-collared ... The sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys) is an Old World monkey found in forests from Senegal in a margin along the coast down to ...
Cercocebus sanjei)". American Journal of Primatology. 76 (12): 1163-1174. doi:10.1002/ajp.22301. ISSN 0275-2565. PMID 24842495 ...
... in Cercocebus monkeys. P. georgesi infects Cercocebus albigena and Cercocebus galeritus agilis causing a remitting/relapsing ... et Plasmodium georgesi n. sp., parasites d'un Cercocebus albigena originaire de République Centrafricaine". Annales de ...
Osman Hill, W. C. (1974). Primates Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy VII-Cynopithecinae (Cercocebus, Macaca, Cynopithecus). ...
This he believed to be an intermediate between Cercopithecus and Cercocebus. Hamlyn's monkey has one subspecies other than the ...
In one extraordinary case, an adult male Sanje mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei), estimated to weigh 10 to 12 kg (22 to 26 lb), ... Jones, T.; Laurent, S.; Mselewa, F. & Mtui, A. (2004). "Sanje mangabey Cercocebus sanjei kills an African crowned eagle ... Cercocebus galeritus). African Primates, 7(2), Pp 218. Brown, L. H. (1963). "Observations on East African birds of prey". ...
One example of this stems from research into sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys); the females of this species have been found to ... For instance, they occur in all species of Cercocebus, Mandrillus, Theropithecus, Papio and Pan, and in most macaques, ... Cercocebus torquatus atys)". International Journal of Primatology. 12 (6): 585-597. doi:10.1007/BF02547671. ISSN 0164-0291. ...
Cercocebus galeritus Cercopithecus diana Cercopithecus roloway Cervus elaphus hanglu Chasmistes cujus Cheirogaleidae spp. ...
Primate species preyed upon include those of the genera Cercocebus, Cercopithecus and Semnopithecus. Analysis of leopard scat ...
Genus Cercocebus Sooty mangabey, Cercocebus atys Collared mangabey, Cercocebus torquatus Agile mangabey, Cercocebus agilis ... Primate Info Net Cercocebus Factsheets Cercocebus in Animal Diversity Web v t e. ... Golden-bellied mangabey, Cercocebus chrysogaster Tana River mangabey, Cercocebus galeritus Sanje mangabey, Cercocebus sanjei ... The other two genera of mangabeys, Lophocebus and Rungwecebus, were once thought to be very closely related to Cercocebus, so ...
Although they look superficially like baboons, they are more closely related to Cercocebus mangabeys. Mandrills are found in ...
Sex differences in the vocal repertoire of adult red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus): A multi-level acoustic analysis. ...
Cercocebus atys). The realization that the transfer of SIVs had generated HIV led Hahn to conclude that presence of Acquired ...
Craniomandibular morphology supporting the diphyletic origin of mangabeys and a new genus of the Cercocebus/Mandrillus clade, ...
Böer, M.; Sommer, V. (oktober 1992). «Evidence for sexually selected infanticide in captiveCercopithecus mitis, Cercocebus ...
I. Quantitative Analysis and Study of Causation in Two Species of Old World Monkeys (Cercocebus albigena and Macaca ...
... , originally placed under the genus Papio as a type of baboon, is closely related to the genus Cercocebus. They are ... Cercocebus), the highland mangabey (Rungwecebus) and Theropithecus. Originally, both species were considered part of the Papio ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cercocebus_torquatus&oldid=227937387" ...
Cercocebus chrysogaster Lydekker 1900 (Golden-bellied Mangabey) * Cercocebus galeritus Peters 1879 (Tana River Crested Mangabey ... Cercocebus includes 7 children:. * Cercocebus agilis A. Milne-Edwards 1886 (Agile Mangabey) ... Cercocebus is a genus of primates in the family Old World monkeys. They are listed in cites appendix ii. Reproduction is ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Cercocebus. View this species on GBIF ...
... Recordings of vocalisations, images, video clips and links to published research. for ...
Cercocebus atys (Sooty mangabey) (Cercocebus torquatus atys)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A2K5LDU1,A0A2K5LDU1_CERAT Uncharacterized protein OS=Cercocebus atys OX=9531 GN=CIB2 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Cercocebus atys. ,Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology, , Behavior , Conservation , References , Links , AV. This sheet covers the " ... Cercocebus atys The sooty mangabey is found on the west coast of Africa from Senegal to Ghana and in every coastal country ... Genus: Cercocebus. Species: C. atys. Subspecies: C. a. atys, C. a. lunulatus. ... The sooty mangabey is somewhat less sexually dimorphic than Cercocebus torquatus (Groves 2001). Maximum longevity of the sooty ...
Cercocebus atys. Female. Male. Maternal Behavior*. Paternal Behavior. Sex Factors. Social Behavior*. ...
Cercocebus atys) is threatened by habitat loss, hunting for meat consumption, and mortality during crop-foraging events. T ... Chasing a ghost: notes on the present distribution and conservation of the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys) in Guinea-Bissau, ... Chasing a ghost: notes on the present distribution and conservation of the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys) in Guinea-Bissau, ... Santiago M, Range F et al (2005) Simian immunodeficiency virus infection in free-ranging sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys atys ...
Index of /genomes/Cercocebus_atys/. ../ CHR_Un/ 31-Mar-2015 19:54 - GFF/ 31-Mar-2015 19:54 - Gnomon/ 31-Mar-2015 19:54 - RNA/ ...
... from the middle part of the upper facial skeleton was digitized by Microscribe 3D digitizer on 25 skulls of Cercocebus ... Facial growth in Cercocebus torquatus: an application of three-dimensional geometric morphometric techniques to the study of ... Sex and age differences in the diet and ingestive behaviors of sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) in the Tai Forest, Ivory Coast ... Facial growth and the ontogeny of morphological variation within and between the primates Cebus apella and Cercocebus torquatus ...
The average hematologic values of the species reported show some variations from the values for other species reported in the literature. In particular, the total RBC counts appear to be somewhat lower while hemoglobin and packed cell volumes are somewhat higher than in other species. The differential counts show a marked prevalence of lymphocytes as opposed to neutrophils being present in a ratio of about 3 to 1, whereas in other species the ratios range from 1 to 1 to 2 to 1. The sooty mangabey, an Old World species of subhuman primate, seem to be suitable animals for many research programs as they are reasonably available, relatively inexpensive, and are no more difficult to maintain than other varieties. Author
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Antonyms for genus Cercocebus. 1 synonym for genus Cercocebus: Cercocebus. What are synonyms for genus Cercocebus? ... Genus Cercocebus synonyms, genus Cercocebus antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/genus+Cercocebus ... genus Cercocebus,type:0,children:[{name:Cercocebus,type:2},{name:mammal genus,type:4},{name:Cercopithecidae ... Cercocebus,FreeThesaurus.com,/a,,/div, ,!--End of Graphic Thesaurus by FreeThesaurus.com--,. The code for attribution links is ...
Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) with a new simian immunodeficiency virus. ... Natural infection of a household pet red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) with a new simian immunodeficiency ... Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) was identified as harboring SIV-cross-reactive antibodies. A virus isolate, termed SIVrcm, was ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus. (White-eyelid. mangabeys). *Sooty mangabey (C. atys). *Collared mangabey (C. torquatus) ...
Cercocebus atys (Sooty mangabey) (Cercocebus torquatus atys)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A2K5LGB7,A0A2K5LGB7_CERAT Vascular endothelial growth factor A OS=Cercocebus atys OX=9531 GN=VEGFA PE=3 SV=1 ...
The basicranium has been argued to contain a strong phylogenetic signal in previous analyses of primate cranial morphology. Therefore, further study of basicranial morphology may offer new insights into controversial phylogenetic relationships within primate groups. In this study, I apply 3-D geometric morphometric techniques in a phylogenetic analysis of the African papionin basicranium. The effects of allometry strongly influence African papionin basicranial morphology and, unless these size effects are controlled or eliminated, phylogenetic analyses suggest traditional phylogenetic groupings of small taxa (mangabeys) and large taxa (geladas, mandrills, drills, and baboons). When the effects of allometry are eliminated by excluding size-correlated principal components (PCs) or by regression analysis with retention of residuals, phylogenetic analyses of African papionin basicranial morphology are incongruent with recent molecular and morphological studies. By contrast, a cladistic analysis of ...
Cercocebus (mangabeys). 7 African species. *. Papio (baboons). 5 African and Arabian species. ...
Red-capped mangabeys are endangered primates native to the jungles of Nigeria. They have distinctive markings around their eyes and a variety of vocalizations for communicating with other troop members. Two females live at Binder Park Zoo, Lola and Kanzu. Lola and Kanzu enjoy training sessions with keeper staff. They are trained to present their hands and feet on cue, stand or climb up the mesh, and staff is working with them on injection training. All training is done by operant conditioning where the animal can choose to participate or not. Training is done for medical purposes to help us evaluate their health in a stress-free environment. Their favorite reward for training is fruit. Wild mangabeys spend much of their day foraging for food. Lola and Kanzu can be seen foraging in the leaves and grass for insects or food placed there by zookeeper staff - enrichment that promotes natural behaviors and keeps their minds stimulated. One of their favorite enrichment items are puzzle feeders that ...
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Cherry-crowned mangabey Cercocebus torquatus European studbook and White-naped mangabey Cercocebus atys lunulatus EEP results. ... Mangabey (Cercocebus albigena) ranging patterns in relation to fruit availability and the risk of parasite infection in Kibale ... Mangabey (Cercocebus albigena) population density, group size, and ranging: A twenty-year comparison. American Journal of ... Sex and age differences in the diet and ingestive behaviors of sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) in the Tai forest, Ivory coast ...
Cercocebus torquatus) from Cameroon: a new primate T-lymphotropic virus type 3 subtype. J Virol. 2002;76:259-68. DOIPubMed ... Cercocebus agilis; Cni, C. nictitans; Cmo, C. mona; and Lal, Lophocebus albigena. The last 2 letters in the code indicate the ... 2 Cercocebus agilis and 5 C. nictitans monkeys) were infected with STLV-1 and that 3 (C. agilis, C. nictitans, and Lophocebus ... Cercocebus torquatus) from Cameroon (20) and STLV-3 (PPAF3) from baboons (P. hamadryas papio) from Senegal (17); and Central ...
Retrieved 2012-11-10.old-form url Ehardt, C., Butynski, T.M. & Struhsaker, T. (2008). "Cercocebus sanjei". IUCN Red List of ... "Cercocebus galeritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 2012-11-10.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ...
The collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus), also known as the red-capped mangabey, or the white-collared mangabey (leading to ... Maisels, F.; Oates, J.F.; Linder, J.; Ikemeh, R.; Imong, I.; Etiendem, D. (2019). "Cercocebus torquatus". The IUCN Red List of ... doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.11.031.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Media related to Cercocebus torquatus at Wikimedia ... Nguyen, Khoa Huu (1999). "Cercocebus torquatus". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 6 January 2012. Fa, J.E., Seymour, S., Dupain ...
Cercocebus torquatus (red-capped mangabey). SIVrcm. 4/4. 4/4. 4/4. −/−. −/−. −/−. 7/49. 4/49. 0/93. 0/93. ...
Synonyms:Cercocebus albigena, Cercocebus aterrimus. Distribution: central Africa. CITES listing: Appendix II (04/02/1977). ...
Cercocebus atys (Sooty mangabey) (Cercocebus torquatus atys). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; ... Cercocebus. OX NCBI_TaxID=9531 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCATP00000034829, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000233060}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313 ...
Cercocebus atys (sooty mangabey),. *Chinchilla lanigera (long-tailed chinchilla),. *Chlorocebus sabaeus (green monkey), ...
  • Infanticide risk and infant defence in multi-male free-ranging sooty mangabeys, Cercocebus atys. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The West-African sooty mangabey ( Cercocebus atys ) is threatened by habitat loss, hunting for meat consumption, and mortality during crop-foraging events. (springer.com)
  • The collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus), also known as the red-capped mangabey, or the white-collared mangabey (leading to easy confusion with Cercocebus atys lunulatus), is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae of Old World monkeys. (wikipedia.org)
  • A modern analog for this specific dietary specialization is provided by the West African sooty mangabey, Cercocebus atys. (jove.com)
  • The Taï National Park is home to another terrestrial primate species, the Sooty mangabey ( Cercocebus atys ). (mpg.de)
  • Effects of changing housing conditions on mangabey behavior (Cercocebus atys): Spatial density, housing quality, and novelty effects. (awionline.org)
  • These aims will be carried out by sequencing the protein coding and nearby regions of the entire genome of at least twelve individuals representing all of the species (Cercocebus agilis, C. atys, C. torquatus, C. chyrsogaster, C. galeritus, C. sanjei, Mandrillus sphinx, and M. leucophaeus). (leakeyfoundation.org)
  • Immunogenetic characterization of a captive colony of sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) used for SIV research. (aslap.org)
  • The sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys), the thick-tailed galago or bushbaby (Galago crassicaudatus panganiensis), the crab-eating monkey (Macaca fascicularis), the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta), the bonnet monkey (Macaca radiata), the stumptailed macaque (Macaca speciosa), the yelllow baboon (Papio cynocephalus), and the black-and-red tamarin (Saguinus nigricollis). (elsevier.com)
  • Although the primate reservoir of HIV-2 has been clearly identified as the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys), the origin of HIV-1 remains uncertain. (nih.gov)
  • Drills are now considered to have closer phylogenetic affinity with mangabeys ( Cercocebus spp. (cdc.gov)
  • He was awarded a Leakey Foundation Research grant for his project entitled "Exome sequencing of the Cercocebus-Mandrillus clade. (leakeyfoundation.org)
  • The goal of this project is to explore the evolutionary history of the Drill-Mangabey clade (Cercocebus and Mandrillus) which is expected to be complex with multiple instances of hybridization and reticulation. (leakeyfoundation.org)
  • Cercocebus is a genus of primates in the family Old World monkeys . (eol.org)
  • Natural infection of a household pet red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) with a new simian immunodeficiency virus. (duke.edu)
  • By using human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2)/SIVsm, SIVmnd, and SIVagm antigens, one red-capped mangabey (RCM) (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) was identified as harboring SIV-cross-reactive antibodies. (duke.edu)
  • We present data on the naturally occurring gestural communication amongst captive red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus), collected from a total of 17 Individuals living in three different groups at the Station Biologique, Paimpont, France. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • This location provides the unique opportunity to encounter elephants ( Loxodonta Africana ), red river hogs ( Potamochoerus porcus ) and other primate species such as Red-capped mangabeys ( Cercocebus torquatus ) and Putty-nosed monkeys ( Cercopithecus nictitans ), which also roam the area. (mpg.de)
  • For addressing this question a configuration of 13 landmarks from the middle part of the upper facial skeleton was digitized by Microscribe 3D digitizer on 25 skulls of Cercocebus torquatus and 16 skulls of Procolobus verus of different age and sex. (therio.ru)
  • Cercocebus agilis chrysogaster is comparable to other Cercocebus species in terms of reproductive parameters, although variability is exhibited within and among female subjects. (missouristate.edu)
  • Dent's and Lowe's Monkeys have been split from Cercocebus pogonias and Cercocebus campbelli respectively. (mammalwatching.com)