Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Echinostomatidae: A family of flukes (TREMATODA) characterized by a collar of spines at their anterior end. The body is elongated and is covered with spines, and the two suckers are usually close together. (Noble et al., Parasitology: the Biology of Animal Parasites, 6th ed, p183)Schistosomiasis mansoni: Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.Schistosoma: A genus of trematode flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae. There are over a dozen species. These parasites are found in man and other mammals. Snails are the intermediate hosts.Biomphalaria: A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.Schistosoma japonicum: A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.Schistosomiasis: Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.Schistosomiasis japonica: Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma japonicum. It is endemic in the Far East and affects the bowel, liver, and spleen.Bulinus: A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.Schistosomicides: Agents that act systemically to kill adult schistosomes.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Skin Diseases, Parasitic: Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Cercaria: The free-swimming larval forms of parasites found in an intermediate host.Echinostoma: A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Cardiidae: A family of bivalve MOLLUSKS with heart-shaped shells, commonly known as cockles. Unlike most BIVALVES, cockles are hermaphroditic.Parasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.KuwaitSchistosoma haematobium: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.Heterophyidae: A family of intestinal flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. Some of the genera are Heterophyes, Metagonimus, Cryptocotyle, Stellantchasmus, and Euryhelmis.Praziquantel: An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.Oxamniquine: An anthelmintic with schistosomicidal activity against Schistosoma mansoni, but not against other Schistosoma spp. Oxamniquine causes worms to shift from the mesenteric veins to the liver where the male worms are retained; the female worms return to the mesentery, but can no longer release eggs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p121)Helminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Lymnaea: A genus of dextrally coiled freshwater snails that includes some species of importance as intermediate hosts of parasitic flukes.Niclosamide: An antihelmintic that is active against most tapeworms. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p48)Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Granuloma, Foreign-Body: Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.Paramphistomatidae: A family of flukes of the class Trematoda found in the intestinal tract and liver of animals and man. Some of the genera are Homalagaster, Gastrodiscus, Paramphistomum, Watsonius, Nilocotyle, Gigantocotyle, Gastrothylax, Macropotrema, Ceylonocotyle, Zygocotyle, Cotylophoron, and Calicophoron.Dithioerythritol: A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (DITHIOTHREITOL), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl groups.Liver Diseases, Parasitic: Liver diseases caused by infections with PARASITES, such as tapeworms (CESTODA) and flukes (TREMATODA).Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.DEET: A compound used as a topical insect repellent that may cause irritation to eyes and mucous membranes, but not to the skin.Animal Structures: Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.Fasciola hepatica: A species of helminth commonly called the sheep liver fluke. It occurs in the biliary passages, liver, and gallbladder during various stages of development. Snails and aquatic vegetation are the intermediate hosts. Occasionally seen in man, it is most common in sheep and cattle.Host Specificity: The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.Antigens, CD15: A trisaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. In the blood the antigen is found on the surface of NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES. In addition, CD15 antigen is a stage-specific embryonic antigen.Insect Repellents: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.TailAnthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Schistosomiasis haematobia: A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.Mechanical Processes: The behaviors of materials under force.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Granuloma: A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.Mice, Inbred CBAVaccines, Attenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.SesquiterpenesSwimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Immunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Cathepsin B: A lysosomal cysteine proteinase with a specificity similar to that of PAPAIN. The enzyme is present in a variety of tissues and is important in many physiological and pathological processes. In pathology, cathepsin B has been found to be involved in DEMYELINATION; EMPHYSEMA; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, and NEOPLASM INVASIVENESS.Ovum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).BrazilSkin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Mice, Inbred C57BLMicroscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Mice, Inbred BALB CHeat-Shock Proteins: Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.

Cercarial dermatitis transmitted by exotic marine snail. (1/21)

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Immune events associated with high level protection against Schistosoma japonicum infection in pigs immunized with UV-attenuated cercariae. (2/21)

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A cysteine proteinase in the penetration glands of the cercariae of Cotylurus cornutus (Trematoda, Strigeidae). (3/21)

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Synchronous attack is advantageous: mixed genotype infections lead to higher infection success in trematode parasites. (4/21)

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Multiple vaccinations with UV- attenuated cercariae in pig enhance protective immunity against Schistosoma japonicum infection as compared to single vaccination. (5/21)

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Haplometra cylindracea (Zeder, 1800) (Trematoda:Plagiorchiidae): variation in the dates of cercarial shedding for overwintering Galba truncatula. (6/21)

Natural infections of Galba truncatula with Haplometra cylindracea were followed from 2001 to 2009 to determine if their characteristics were similar when snails came from water collections frequented by Bufo bufo or by frogs and newts for their egg-laying. Snail samples were collected from both types of sites to count shed cercariae for three days and also free cercariae when snails were dissected. In sites only frequented by B. bufo, cercarial shedding occurred earlier than in those colonized by frogs and newts (March instead of April-May). In contrast, the number of cercariae shed during three successive days was significantly higher in May. This variation in the dates of cercarial shedding might be due, either to a synchronism between cercaria-releasing snails and the presence of the definitive host (tadpoles) in water collections, or to an earlier infection of overwintering snails in autumn by H. cylindracea miracidia in the case of toad-frequented sites.  (+info)

Molecular expression and enzymatic characterization of thioredoxin from the carcinogenic human liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini. (7/21)

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Secretory glands in cercaria of the neuropathogenic schistosome Trichobilharzia regenti - ultrastructural characterization, 3-D modelling, volume and pH estimations. (8/21)

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*Metagonimoides oregonensis

Cercariae are larval trematode worms that form from rediae. When the snail was infected in the wild there was no sign of ... "Cercaria". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster. Meade & Pratt 1966. Lang Ford, Bennie R., Bruce Zelner; Gleason, Narry Neil; Ford ... Studies have shown that it is possible for the cercariae to infect multiple different frogs, including red-legged frogs (Rana ... Rediae are larvae which are produced within the sporocyst of trematodes that creates more rediae or can become cercariae. ...

*Trematode life cycle stages

Mesocercaria A cercaria little modified but resting. Metacercaria A cercaria encysted and resting. Cercaria is also used as a ... Cercaria (plural cercariae) The larval form of the parasite, it develops within the germinal cells of the sporocyst or redia. A ... The cercaria either infects vertebrates through the skin or is ingested. In its vertebrate host, the cercaria matures to an ... Cercaria redirects here. Cercaria is also a synonym for Euglena. Trematodes or flukes are small parasitic flatworms that use ...

*Leucochloridium paradoxum

The tail of a cercaria has finfolds on the top and bottom and setae on the sides. Cercaria also has two eyespots. At the end of ... The sporocysts turn into cercaria (juveniles) that have a tail along with a digestive tract that is lined with an excretory ... Birds are the definitive hosts where the cercariae develop into adult distomes in the digestive system of the bird. These adult ... The sporocyst grows into long tubes to form swollen "broodsacs" filled with tens to hundreds of cercariae. These broodsacs ...

*Haplometra cylindracea

Cercariae contains characteristic stylet. Definitive hosts are frogs. H. cylindracea was documented in Rana temporaria, Rana ...

*Paragonimus kellicotti

Within snails, the miricidium develops into a cercaria. The cercariae eventually leave the snail and infect the second ...

*Acanthoparyphium tyosenense

Three new echinostome cercaria in Tokyo Bay, with a list of Japanese echinostome cercariae". Japanese Journal of Medical ... Ito J. (1957). "Studies on the brackish water cercaria in Japan. III. ...

*ATP:guanido phosphotransferase family

Smc74, a cercaria-specific enzyme from Schistosoma mansoni. Creatine kinase (EC 2.7.3.2) (CK), which catalyses the reversible ...

*Schistosoma haematobium

Each cercaria has a biforked tail with which it swims to find a human host. Again the cercariae are short lived and can survive ... After a month, the sporocysts rupture and cercariae are liberated. Free cercariae penetrate the liver and move out of the snail ... Each daughter sporocyst forms new larvae called cercariae. One mother sporocyst produces half a million cercariae. ... Mohammed, A.S. (1931). "The secretory glands of the cercariae of S. Haematobium and S. Mansoni from Egypt". Annals of Tropical ...

*Alaria (trematode)

The sporocysts then produce cercariae. The cercariae then leave the snail and infect the tadpole via penetration where a non- ...

*Semisulcospira libertina

Urabe M. (2005). "Cercariae of a species of Philophthalmus detected in a freshwater snail, Semisulcospira libertina". ... Philopthalmidae: Cercariae of Philophthalmus sp. were found in Semisulcospira libertina in Japan. Liolopidae: Semisulcospira ... Derogenidae: Cercariae of Genarchopsis goppo were found in Semisulcospira libertina in Japan. Lecithodendriidae: Semisulcospira ... Paller V. G., Kimura D. & Uga S. (2007). "Infection dynamics of Centrocestus armatus cercariae (Digenea: Heterophyidae) to ...

*Schistosoma mansoni

Stimulated by light, hundreds of cercariae penetrate out of the snail into water. The cercaria emerge from the snail during ... Cercariae are attracted to the presence of fatty acids on the skin of their definitive host, and the parasite responds to ... Young children living in these areas are at greatest risk because of their tendency to swim and bathe in cercaria-infected ... Mohammed, A.S. (1931). "The secretory glands of the cercariae of S. Haematobium and S. Mansoni from Egypt". Annals of Tropical ...

*Paragonimus westermani

Cercaria (not shown): Cercariae are often indistinguishable between species. There is a large posterior sucker, and the ... which subsequently produce many daughter rediae which shed crawling cercariae into fresh water. The crawling cercariae ... Cercariae next invade the second intermediate host such as crabs or crayfish and encyst to develop into metacercariae within 2 ... Miracidia penetrate its soft tissues and go through several developmental stages inside the snail but mature into cercariae in ...

*Opisthorchis viverrini

Each cercaria has a large head and a long tail. The cercariae escape from the snail and enter the water body again as free- ... The cercaria then locates a cyprinoid fish, encysts in the fins, skin and musculature of the fish, and becomes a metacercaria. ... Adam, R.; Arnold, H.; Hinz, E.; Storch, V. (1995). "Morphology and ultrastructure of the redia and pre-emergent cercaria of ... The daughter cells called rediae that multiply an develop into numerous larvae called cercariae. ...

*Brook floater

Trematoda rhopalocercous cercaria is a parasite of the brook floater. Current research shows population that were largely and ... "Cercaria tiogae Fischthal, 1953, a Rhopalocercous Form from the Clam, Alasmidonta varicosa (Lamarck)". American Microscopical ...

*Transversotrema

Soparkar, M. B. (1924). A new cercaria from northern India Cercaria patialensis nov. spec. Indian Journal of Medical Research, ...

*Paramphistomum

Each redia contains about 15-30 cercariae. Mature cercariae are possess by two eyespots and a long slender tail, by which they ...

*Fasciolidae

the cercariae are of a gymnocephalic shape. According to Olson et al. 2003 the family has five genera: Fasciola Fasciola ...

*Gastrodiscoides hominis

The cercariae released from the snail form metacercarial cysts on water plants. The complete life cycle is not yet observed in ... It is hypothesised that the free cercaria in water bodies accidentally find and penetrate these animals as second intermediate ... In an experimental infection of the mollusc Helicorbis coenosus, miracidum develops into cercaria after 28-153 days of ... Dutt SC, Srivastava HD (1966). "The intermediate host and the cercaria of Gastrodiscoides hominis (Trematoda: Gastrodiscidae). ...

*Swimmer's itch

The cercaria penetrates the skin and dies in the skin immediately. The cercariae cannot infect humans, but they cause an ... the cercaria. Cercariae use a tail-like appendage (often forked in genera causing swimmer's itch) to swim to the surface of the ... Some laboratory evidence indicates snails shed cercariae most intensely in the morning and on sunny days, and exposure to water ... Onshore winds are thought to cause cercariae to accumulate along shorelines. Studies of infested lakes and outbreaks in Europe ...

*Trematoda

Either the rediae or the sporocyst develops into the cercariae through polyembrony in the snail. The cercariae are adapted for ... These embryos move to the brood sac and mature into cercaria. Trematodes have a large variation of forms throughout their life ...

*Echinostoma revolutum

Cercariae typically find a snail host through chemotaxis. The cercariae are attracted to the slime of the snail, which contains ... Each rediae then develop into a cercariae, which penetrates a second host. The second host could be another snail or a tadpole ...

*Heterophyes heterophyes

The rediae produce cercariae which then exit the snail, swim toward the surface of the water, and slowly fall back down. On ... Here, the cercariae encyst in the muscle tissue. The second intermediate host include freshwater fish: Mugil cephalus, Tilapia ...

*Philophthalmus lacrimosus

... and develop into redia and cercariae. When the metacercariae encyst on surfaces of food for birds the infection of a new ...

*Parafossarulus striatulus

in Chinese) Chen Y., Lin J. & Fang Y. (1990). "[Ecological studies on the cercariae of Echinochasmus japonicus]". Zhongguo Ji ...

*Marstonia comalensis

doi:10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00115.x. Cable R. M. & Isserhoff H. (1969). "A protandrous haploporid cercaria, probably the larva ...
Find STD Testing in Lakeshore MS. There are numerous STD Testing Clinics in Lakeshore, Mississippi. STD Testing Clinics do HIV testing, Chlamydia Testing, Syphilis Testing, Gonorrhea Testing and more. Get tested in Lakeshore today!
Advanced temperature modulation techniques now allow for the elimination of fever as well as controlled hypothermia. However, as demonstrated in this study, shivering is frequently encountered (64%), and the severity of shivering as measured by the BSAS is strongly associated with graded increases in systemic metabolism. The application of therapeutic normothermia or hypothermia has not been shown to improve outcome after cerebrovascular injury, and the metabolic consequences of shivering may prove to be a limiting step in demonstrating the benefits of therapeutic temperature modulation. A scale that can simply and reliably detect and quantify shivering can be used as an end point for antishivering interventions and may play an important role in minimizing the day-to-day complications of cerebrovascular patients undergoing therapeutic temperature modulation in the intensive care unit.. Previous reports have considered shivering to be a binary event;8-10 however, the metabolic impact of shivering ...
As more fully detailed below, Lakeshore and Lakeshores business partners obtain and keep personal information when you send us an e-mail, order product, purchase product, sign up for our customer loyalty program(s), supply information to our Career Center, or otherwise communicate with Lakeshore.. Lakeshore may use your personal information to process and fulfill your order (including to send you e-mails to confirm your order status and shipment); administer our contests and other promotions; and communicate with you and send you information by e-mail, postal mail, telephone, text message, or other means about our products, services, contests, and promotions. Additionally, your personal information helps us better understand your shopping needs and preferences and provide consistent, personalized services and experiences.. We may share your personal information with carefully selected companies whose offers you may be interested in. We also occasionally obtain names, e-mail addresses, and ...
As more fully detailed below, Lakeshore and Lakeshores business partners obtain and keep personal information when you send us an e-mail, order product, purchase product, sign up for our customer loyalty program(s), supply information to our Career Center, or otherwise communicate with Lakeshore.. Lakeshore may use your personal information to process and fulfill your order (including to send you e-mails to confirm your order status and shipment); administer our contests and other promotions; and communicate with you and send you information by e-mail, postal mail, telephone, text message, or other means about our products, services, contests, and promotions. Additionally, your personal information helps us better understand your shopping needs and preferences and provide consistent, personalized services and experiences.. We may share your personal information with carefully selected companies whose offers you may be interested in. We also occasionally obtain names, e-mail addresses, and ...
Under the direction of a volunteer Board of Directors, Lakeshore has continued to expand its efforts. Originally, the organization served persons with a long history of institutionalization. Since that time, the agency has distinguished itself with creative efforts to serve persons with severe reputations and with the development of programs unique to the Commonwealth for persons with intellectual disabilities who have reached retirement age. In 1993, Lakeshore broadened its mission to include semi-independent living for persons with serious and persistent mental illness, once again creating a program not otherwise duplicated in the local service system. In 1994, the agency added Supported as well as Family Living services for persons with intellectual disabilities. In 1997, Lakeshore initiated a contract with Cameron, Elk and McKean Office of Mental Retardation to open a facility in Kane, Pennsylvania for two persons with intellectual disabilities residing at Warren Sate Hospital. The facility ...
Variation in Forest Structure and Composition Along a Lakeshore Edge-to-Interior Gradient in the Aspen-Dominated Mixedwood Boreal ...
At our Milwaukee Vein Clinic, Lakeshore Veins, we have seen patients in their teens and early 20s with varicose and spider veins. Many patients feel they are much too young to have this problem and also worry that it is a sign of a far worse disease. The truth is, varicose and spider veins are often […]. ...
Lakeshore Dental Inc is a Dentist in Glencoe, IL. See dental services, procedures, patient reviews, address, phone number and driving directions here now.
The Surgical Oncology department at VPS Lakeshore maintains International standards in cancer surgery, Best centres for oncology in Kerala.
As Christians, we believe we are the recipients of incredible, undeserved generosity from God. He hasnt treated us as our sins deserve - but has poured out his mercy and kindness to us - and continues to do so every day!. One of the ways we respond to Gods generosity is to give our money cheerfully and sacrificially to honour God, and make Him known. GIVE TO LAKESHORE. ...
As Christians, we believe we are the recipients of incredible, undeserved generosity from God. He hasnt treated us as our sins deserve - but has poured out his mercy and kindness to us - and continues to do so every day!. One of the ways we respond to Gods generosity is to give our money cheerfully and sacrificially to honour God, and make Him known. GIVE TO LAKESHORE. ...
Find information about Lakeshore Technical College pharmacy major degree requirements. Completion of an accredited nursing program or other medical training can qualify you to start working in a private hospital immediately.
Join in with the Save the Tunes Council as they perform tradition music associated with the sounds of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore and the seasons. Tune up your vocal cords and gather for a sing-a-long. Held on the third Friday of each month.Click here to read more.
Welcome to the Molecular Expressions Intel Play QX3 Computer Microscope Advanced Photo Gallery using the technique of transmitted brightfield illumination with the assistance of an achromatic condenser.
The current Molecular Expressions Featured Microscopist is noted photomicrographer Loes Modderman. This page features an image of asparagine (an amino acid) mixed with and acetaminophen (a common medication).
Yesterday was session three of my fourth chemotherapy series. My thirty-third visit to the infusion center since the beginning of 2010. By any objective standard, chemotherapy is actually pretty boring. You go to the infusion center, they access you with a needle (in my case, via the chest port),…
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So Im doing quite well this week. At least until Fridays infusion. Except for one leeeetle detail. My sleep clock is totally borked. Ive been falling asleep between 7 and 8 and waking up between 2 and 3. So last night I actually stayed awake til 10 (later than planned, but thats another story).…
I feel a need to clarify two words that often come up in tubal reversal surgery. We hear patients use these words incorrectly so often that I worry if some websites are using them incorrectly and thats where patients are […]. Read More ...
The easiest way to look for erosion and its possible causes is to walk along the shoreline or take a boat ride close to the shoreline.
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The afternoon sun baked my wife, Tia, and me as we stood on top of the great dune at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. Below us, stretching to the western horizon, Lake Michigan spread like an aquamarine desert.
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In this study, we monitored the response of murine astrocytes and microglia after in vitro exposure to several Trichobilharzia regenti derived stimulants. Apart from its importance as the causative agent of cercarial dermatitis in humans [11], T. regenti is of a high interest just due to neuropathological manifestation of bird and mammalian infections [16]. However, the immune response in the CNS of infected mice has so far been described only by histopathological or immunohistochemical methods [17, 20, 21]. Since tissue inflammation correlating with presence of the parasite and axonal damage was observed in infected mice as early as seven dpi [17], we primarily focused on detection of proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide. These factors are known to be produced by activated astrocytes and microglia and may contribute to pathological processes [26-29].. Trichobilharzia regenti schistosomula appear in the murine CNS as soon as two dpi and persist there up to 3-4 weeks being localized ...
Within the recent resurgence of brachytherapy as treatment for prostate cancer, many new devices have been conceived in the preparation of surgical brachytherapy equipment. Specifically, this work encompasses the automated preparation of preloaded surgical brachytherapy applicators or "needles" through the loading of radioactive seed elements and benign spacer elements. While traditionally a manual operation, current device methodology in this application revolves around semi-automatic mechanical interaction within the element loading procedure. Mechanical interaction can subject elements to damage, specifically seed elements due to thin metallic construct. Damage to elements within a loading system can result in failure of the performed brachytherapy treatment causing potential harm to the patient. Hesitancy in acceptance of these mechanical separation element loading devices can be attributed to the failure nature of these devices. This work seeks to solve the current issue of element damage ...
Trichobilharzia regenti is a neurotropic bird schistosome, causing cercarial dermatitis in humans. In this study, ZAP cDNA expression library from Radix peregra s. lat. hepatopancreases containing intramolluscan stages of T. regenti was constr...
The terminal phase of the migration of Trichobilharzia regenti Hor k, Kol ov et Dvo k, 1998 in the definitive host (Anas platyrhynchos f. domestica) was studied 12-27 days post infection (p.i.). Brain meninges were the last part of the nerv...
Residents of Lakeshore will no longer find fluoride in their tap water.. Town council unanimously decided Monday to stop adding it at the Stoney Point water treatment plant, effective immediately.. Mayor Tom Bain says peoples teeth should be fine.. There is no need for any concern … theres plenty of fluoride in toothpaste.- Tom Bain, Lakeshore mayor. "There is no need for any concern. Council had a report from our administrative group that recommended doing that, based on the fact that if youre using toothpaste, theres plenty of fluoride in the toothpaste and in fact there could be health concerns if a person gets too much fluoride," Bain said.. However, Medical Officer of Health Dr. Allen Heimann said fluoride should not be taken out of public water.. "I think it would be beneficial for all of the water be fluoridated," he said. "It is still recognized as an effective public initiative.". Heimann said fluoride in water is more effective than toothpaste because water is routinely ...
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore [http://www.nps.gov/indu/] is a United States National Lakeshore located in Northwestern Indiana.
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Cardium Therapeutics (OTCBB:CDTP) and its subsidiary InnerCool Therapies announced today that its endovascular temperature modulation technology was featured in the March 2007 issue of Mens Health. The article "The Miracle on Ice" highlights the benefits of InnerCools Celsius Control System during a cranial bypass surgery performed at Stanford University Medical Center. A copy of the article can be accessed at http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/rms/menh_1-19934755/. A reporter for Mens Health, Mikel Jollett, follows Gary K. Steinberg, M.D., Ph.D., Chairman of Neurosurgery at Stanford University Medical Center, while he performs an intracranial bypass surgery. The patient is cooled to 33 degrees Celsius, or 91.4 degrees Fahrenheit, with InnerCools Celsius Control system providing Dr. Steinberg with the valuable time necessary to bypass the blockages in the brain without causing brain-cell death. The patients underlying condition is Moyamoya disease, a progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused ...
0262] [1] Vaccines. (eds. Plotkin & Orenstein). 4th edition, 2004, ISBN: 0-7216-9688-0. [0263] [2] Dagan et al. (2004) Infect Immun 72:5383-91. [0264] [3] Tejedor et al. (2004) Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:1109-15. [0265] [4] Halperin et al. (2002) Clin Invest Med 25:243-51. [0266] [5] Schmitt et al. (2003) Vaccine 21:3653-62. [0267] [6] Shinefield et al. (1999) Pediatr Infect Dis J. 18:757-63. [0268] [7] Slack et al. (2001) J Infect Dis. 184:1617-20. [0269] [8] Tichmann-Schumann et al. (2005) Pediatr Infect Dis 24:70-77. [0270] [9] WO02/00249. [0271] [10] WO02/080965. [0272] [11] Buttery et al., (2005) JAMA 293:1751-8. [0273] [12] WO99/42130. [0274] [13] Jones (2001) Curr Opin Investig Drugs 2:47-49. [0275] [14] Costantino et al. (1992) Vaccine 10:691-8. [0276] [15] Lieberman et al. (1996) JAMA 275:1499-503. [0277] [16] WO02/058737. [0278] [17] WO03/007985. [0279] [18] Rennels et al. (2002) Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:978-979. [0280] [19] Campbell et al. (2002) J Infect Dis 186:1848-1851. [0281] [20] ...
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Find info concerning Lakeshore Technical College chemistry department ranking. Given the breadth of engineering specializations, you
A method in one example implementation includes receiving information related to a network access attempt on a first computing device with the information identifying a software program file associated with the network access attempt. The method also includes evaluating a first criterion to determine whether network traffic associated with the software program file is permitted and then creating a restriction rule to block the network traffic if the network traffic is not permitted. The first criterion includes a trust status of the software program file. In specific embodiments, the method includes pushing the restriction rule to a network protection device that intercepts the network traffic associated with the software program file and applies the restriction rule to the network traffic. In more specific embodiments, the method includes searching a whitelist identifying trustworthy software program files to determine the trust status of the software program file.
Balanites_aegyptiaca is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.
The South Australian Minister for Water Ian Hunter says a 12 month scoping study has found the best way to manage salinity in the lower lakes, is by raising and lowering lake levels.
This paper presents a new approach to the improvement of informal settlements through limited physical interventions. The main argument in this research is that the benefits of the transformation of urban fabric should be evaluated by a deeper level of interaction between spatial configuration and socio-economic dynamics. The theoretical foundation of this claim is driven from previous research that indicate the significant role of spatial configuration in the gradual self-improvement of informal settlements. A direct implication of such findings is that limited physical interventions as a design method can be used to facilitate the self improvement of informal settlements by increasing their spatial integration to the whole of the city. Furthermore, the transformation of strategically located unplanned areas can also create a positive impact on the urban areas that surround them.. Download the full paper. ...
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Brown ditch drains wetlands between three parallel ridges of sand dunes near the East Unit of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in Poter County, Indiana. Dune and lacustrine sands form a surficial aquifer that is the source of base flow to the ditch. Profiles established in July and August 1982 show that the average streambed slope of the ditch in the Lakeshore (0.19 percent) is six times that of the upstream east reach in the adjacent town, The Pines (0.03 percent). Although the ditch contains debris and vegetation, the reach in the Lakeshore seems to convey all the base flow it receives. In contrast, the upstream east arm contains several ponded sections where flow is sluggish. Digital model simulations show that dredging to form a uniformly graded streambed and eliminate ponding in the upstream east arm of the ditch south of The Pines could lower the water table 0.2 to 2.0...
There is some debate as to how safe it is to give multiple vaccinations at one time. Similar to the controversy with human vaccinations, there is a percentage of people (both the general public and in the veterinary community) who believe that vaccinations against multiple illnesses at one time can be detrimental to your dogs health. These people believe that puppies immune systems are not matured until 6 months of age. Before this, puppies are protected by their mothers antibodies. A mother dogs antibodies last for varied periods of time depending on the disease and the individual dog. This means that six-week-old puppies receiving the DHPP vaccination may still be protected by their mothers antibodies. Maternal antibodies render a vaccination ineffective because they fight the injected illness rather than promote the development of antibodies in the puppys own body. To be effective, vaccines must be given after maternal antibodies are no longer present in a puppys system so the puppy ...
This is a multiple vaccination study to find out if it is a safe treatment and what effects it has on the symptoms of early Alzheimers disease in male and female patients aged 50 to 80 years. Approximately 40 study sites in Europe will be involved. Patients will be randomized to receive either AFFITOPE AD02 or placebo. Each patients participation will last 1 year ...
Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics and You - Secret Worlds: The Universe Within - Interactive Java Tutorial: "View the Milky Way at 10 million light years from the Earth. Then move through space towards the Earth in successive orders of magnitude until you reach a tall oak tree just outside the buildings of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida. After that, begin to move from the actual size of a leaf into a microscopic world that reveals leaf cell walls, the cell nucleus, chromatin, DNA and finally, into the subatomic universe of electrons and protons ...
The recognition that the majority of ACS evolve from only mildly to moderately obstructive atherosclerotic plaques led to an appreciation of nonmechanical factors contributing to the clinical manifestations of coronary artery disease.1 2 3 Our finding that an unusual subset of T lymphocytes, CD4+CD28null T cells, is expanded in patients with UA but not in patients with SA suggests that these cells are involved in the acute events complicating otherwise stable and slowly progressive coronary disease. This T-cell population breaks several rules that apply to classic CD4 helper T cells.21 CD4+CD28null T cells contain monoclonal T-cell populations that persist over time at a large clonal size. Sequence homologies of TCR β-chains isolated from clones of multiple patients support the notion that these clones are expanded in response to exogenous antigen(s) common to patients with UA. CD4+CD28null T-cell clonotypes are accumulated in lesions with plaque rupture, suggesting that they are involved in ...
Looking for impulse conduction? Find out information about impulse conduction. transfer of heat heat, nonmechanical energy in transit, associated with differences in temperature between a system and its surroundings or between parts of... Explanation of impulse conduction
Long ago, along the Wisconsin shoreline, a mother bear and her two cubs were driven into Lake Michigan by a raging forest fire. The bears swam for many hours, but eventually the cubs tired and lagged behind. Mother bear reached the shore and climbed to the top of a high bluff to watch and wait for her cubs. Too tired to continue, the cubs drowned within sight of the shore. The Great Spirit Manitou created two islands to mark the spot where the cubs disappeared and then created a solitary dune to represent the faithful mother bear.. ...
It remains difficult to achieve high sustained response rates (SVRs) in chronic hepatitis patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analy
The fee is collected daily from the Friday of Memorial Day weekend through the Monday of Labor Day weekend from 8:00 am to as late as 7:00 pm Central Time. ...
Lakeshore to Downtown (or LTD) Condos is the newest development by Malibu Investments. Malibu is firmly established in Toronto with seven major condo projects including Boutique and Tableau Condominiums ...
Apart consultations second opinions and medical treatments,International patients are given information and assistance regarding Ground or aeromedical service
The following navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Left and right arrows move through main tier links and expand / close menus in sub tiers. Up and Down arrows will open main tier menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items.. ...
Did you know there is a difference between a pelvic exam and a Pap smear? Many women think they are the same thing, but there are some key differences between
Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium, but only -10% of those affected show clinical manifestations of the disease. To study the immune events of myocardial injuries, various mouse models of myocarditis have been widely used. This study involved experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) induced with cardiac myosin heavy chain (Myhc)-α 334-352 in A/J mice; the affected animals develop lymphocytic myocarditis but with no apparent clinical signs. In this model, the utility of magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) as a non-invasive modality to determine the cardiac structural and functional changes in animals immunized with Myhc-α 334-352 is shown. EAM and healthy mice were imaged using a 9.4 T (400 MHz) 89 mm vertical core bore scanner equipped with a 4 cm millipede radio-frequency imaging probe and 100 G/cm triple axis gradients. Cardiac images were acquired from anesthetized animals using a gradient-echo-based cine pulse sequence, and the animals were monitored by respiration and pulse
Combined magnetically induced circular dichroism and Faraday rotation of an atomic vapor are used to develop a variant of the dichroic atomic vapor laser lock that eliminates lock sensitivity to temperature fluctuations of the cell. Operating conditions that eliminate first-order sensitivity to temperature fluctuations can be determined by low-frequency temperature modulation. This temperature-insensitive gyrotropic laser lock can be accurately understood with a simple model, that is in excellent agreement with observations in potassium vapor at laser frequencies in a 2 GHz range about the 770.1 nm absorption line. The methods can be readily adapted for other absorption lines ...
Informal settlements (slum-areas) are often considered a transient phenomenon and an outcome from economic hardship which will ease once the national economy improves. This has however proven to be a myth rather than reality. Instead, different forms of informal settlements in and around cities are constantly growing worldwide. Access and affordability to infrastructure services such as water, sanitation, energy and communication is essential for sustainable development and poverty eradication. Even so, the living conditions for people in these areas are far below an acceptable level.. This report presents the result from a study on infrastructural issues in informal settlements in East Africa. The aim of the study was to identify indicators within the infrastructural sector that are of special concern for vulnerable groups, such as female-headed households. An additional aim was to apply and test a method for participatory documentation - photo eliciting.. The study targeted two informal ...
On the following day, when the first ranger patrols, their hair singed, their faces blackened by smoke, cautiously stepped over the warm ashes in the charred forest and reached the lakeshore, a horrible and amazing sight met their eyes. The lake looked like a vast sheet of white marble on which rested hundreds upon hundreds of horses heads. They appeared to have been chopped off cleanly with an axe. Only the heads stuck out of the crust of ice. And they were all facing the shore. The white flame of terror still burnt in their wide-open eyes. Close to the shore a tangle of wildly rearing horses rose from the prison of ice...During the dull days of the endless winter, towards noon, when a little faded light rains from the sky, Colonel Merikallios soldiers used to go down to the lake and sit on the heads of the horses. They were like wooden horses on a merry-go-round. Tournez, tournez, bons chevaux de bois - turn, turn, good wooden horses. The scene might have been painted by Bosch. The wind ...
Designated school attendance zones enable the District to make the best use of faculty, staff, and facilities. Students attend their neighborhood elementary school and designated middle school.. Williams Middle School is open to residents west of Lake Ray Hubbard to the southern, western and northern district boundary lines; east to northern most boundary, south to Highway 66, west of North Lakeshore Drive, north to East Fork Road (formerly North Alamo), east to Hwy. 205, north to areas north of Quail Run and Clem Road to the easternmost boundary excepting the area north of Clem, east of FM1141 including Orchard.. ...
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A crossroads of artistic languages and ideas, for artists and spectators who question our world. Theater, dance, performance, contemporary art. In Lausanne-Vidy, on the lakeshore. ...
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Inhabits rocky pools near riffles in clear, cool creeks and small to medium rivers. Sometimes occurs in lakes in northern part of range (Ref. 86798). Oviparous (Ref. 205), nest spawners (Ref. 52559). Frequently hybridizes with Luxilus chrysocephalus in areas where the ranges of these two species overlap (Ref. 86798). ...
For P. sinerae, infecting its host is not an easy task - not only does it have to find a swarm of its tiny host in the vast ocean, it also needs to make contact and accomplish what amounts to a cellular heist - the parasite needs to break through the protective shell of the alga in order to steal its valuable content. As you can imagine, during such an intense operation, being jostled around will probably throw you off your game. And indeed that is what a group of scientists in Spain have found. It appears that even a slight turbulence is enough to reduce the infection success of P. sinerae and that it performs best under calm, still conditions. These researchers suggested that turbulence would erode the zone of chemical emission around the dinoflagellate, making them more difficult to detect. Turbulence would also shorten the period of time which P. sinerae are in constant contact with the host cell - which is a necessary precondition for the parasite to perform its little cellular heist ...
VPS Lakeshore is a 350 bedded Multi Super Specialty Corporate Hospital with over 35 clinical departments, a team of over 160 full time medical staff, over 700 nursing staff and total employee strength of nearly 1600. The hospital is a centre of medical excellence with an access to land, air & water. It is a best known centre for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy, Endoscopic Ultrasonography, Double Balloon Enteroscopy, Spyglass Cholangiopancreatography and Per- Oral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM) etc. & the first facility in India to handle Liver, Kidney, Pancreas, Intestine, Heart and Bone marrow transplantations under one roof.
Masindi Port is a town in Uganda. Masindi Port is in Kiryandongo District in western Uganda on the western banks of the Victoria Nile, approximately 197 kilometres (122 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, Ugandas capital and largest city. This is approximately 39 kilometres (24 mi), by road, south of Kiryandongo, the district capital. The coordinates of the town are 1°4154.0"N, 32°0440.0"E (Latitude:1.6983;, 32.0778). Masindi Port was a busy river boat docking station during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Steamboats were a major mode of transport on the Nile River. Because of the Karuma Falls and the Murchison Falls on the Victoria Nile between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert, steamboats could not navigate that part of the Nile. Passengers would travel by boat from Lake Victoria, down the Victoria Nile into Lake Kyoga. They would then disembark at Masindi Port and travel by land to Butiaba, a port on Lake Albert, where they would resume their water journey downstream the Nile. With the ...
Author Summary Schistosomiasis japonica, a chronic human parasitic disease in the Peoples Republic of China, the Philippines and areas of Indonesia, is a zoonosis with over 40 different mammals, including a number of ruminants, that can act as reservoir hosts for the infection. Precise identification of the major infection reservoirs is important for the control of Schistosoma japonicum as their targeted treatment can prevent environmental contamination and transmission of the parasite, thus reducing the risk to humans. Current copro-parasitological techniques are generally unsatisfactory for identifying and quantifying S. japonicum eggs in ruminant feces due to the large volume of cellulosic debris present. The new approach we describe here, the FEA-SD technique, removes much of this material by sieving and centrifugation with ethyl actate and renders any remaining debris transparent by use of a potassium hydroxide (KOH) digestion, providing much improved visualization of eggs, enabling the collection
Wednesday December 12, 2007 Credits Barbara Damon-Day for her "determination to spare other military families distress about possible health risks to their loved ones". Washington, D.C. (Wednesday, December 12, 2007)---U.S. Representative Tom Allen announced today that the House-Senate conference report on the defense authorization bill for Fiscal Year 2008 includes his amendment directing the Department of Defense to assess policies governing vaccinations given to military personnel. Representative Allen drafted the amendment in response to concerns about the possibility of serious health impacts from multiple vaccinations raised by one of his constituents, Barbara Damon-Day of Newcastle, Maine. Mrs. Damon-Day has been an outspoken advocate for such a policy assessment since her son, Captain Patrick Damon, died suddenly of undetermined causes in Bagram, Afghanistan during deployment with the 240th Engineer Group of the Maine National Guard. "We vaccinate our Armed Forces to protect them from ...
Your patient is a 50 year old Chinese man who is referred to the Gastroenterology Clinic with complaints of worsening abdominal distention. : A Coggle Diagram about Localised (Right upper quadrant, Left upper quadrant, Epigastrium, Umbilical, Right and left lower quadrants and Suprapubic) and Generalised (Non-obstructive causes, Mechanical bowel obstruction and Nonmechanical bowel obstruction)
The State of Michigan Natural Rivers Program mandates certain development restrictions that are specific to the Huron River. The Huron River and its tributaries are public domain, and are subject to public trust protection. The 1970 Michigan Natural Rivers Act (Act 231) designated the stretch of river between Kent Lake Dam and Barton Pond (27.5 miles) as "country-scenic river." This Natural Rivers District includes a protected zone of 400 feet on either side of the natural watermark. In this protected zone, development is strictly limited and the natural vegetation strip has been increased. On private lands within the District, zoning also requires extensive building structure and septic system set-backs on both the rivers main stem and the tributaries. In the Natural Rivers District of the Huron River, no new commercial, industrial, or extractive development is permitted within 300 feet of the river or its tributaries.. Huron Natural Rivers District Fact Sheet. ...
A top priority for our Fitness Department and team of trainers is to work connect with our racquet sports members and beyond. If you are playing sports within the club and outside we encourage you to conduct your Mayfair Athletic Analysis. Why? The MAA process is detailed and designed to help answer many of the questions that relate to better sports performance and injury prevention. The process is detailed but passive and provides valuable feedback to the member as to how they can improve in their particular sport or activity by the data that is collected during the assessment process. There is no cost for this assessment and all data collected is emailed to the member for their personal records. To learn more about the process or to book your assessment please contact Fitness Manager Darryl Jinks at: [email protected] ...
UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans ...
Chipster is a five-year-old Black Labrador Retriever/Pit Bull Terrier mix. Hes looking for a family with warm hearts and a comfy couch! Hes a laid back guy, is house and crate trained, and likes kids and...
Uganda has bought at least eight fighter jets and other military hardware worth $744 million from Russia as it prepares to start oil production in the Lake Albert region, along its border with restive eastern Congo, government officials said.
Digestive physiology is one of the bottlenecks of octopus aquaculture. Although there are successful experimentally formulated feeds, knowledge of the digestive physiology of cephalopods is fragmented, and focused mainly on O. vulgaris. Considering that the digestive physiology could vary in tropical and sub-tropical species through temperature modulations of the digestive dynamics and nutritional requirements of different organisms, the present review was focused on the digestive physiology timing of O. maya and O. mimus, two promising aquaculture species living in tropical (22 - 30°C) and sub-tropical (15 - 24°C) ecosystems, respectively. We provide a detailed description of how soluble and complex nutrients are digested, absorbed and assimilated in these species, describing the digestive process and providing insight into how the environment can modulate the digestion and final use of nutrients for these and presumably other octopus species. To date, research on these octopus species has
668 Index `Fallow Years, -MB 456 Plate XLVII; Galtons love of sketching, I 94, 95, 132, 133, 135; sketches by Galton, of Bishops Gateway at Liege, I 94 Plate XLIX, of his rooms at Trinity College, I 150 Plate LI, IIIB 453 Plate XLIII, of Ely Cathedral and of Kings College Chapel, I 167 Plate - LII, of last meeting, of Caseo-Tostic Club, I 181 Plate LIV, of Emma Galton and Julia Hallam, I 180 Plate LIII, of corona and brushes, of total eclipse in Spain, 11 910; from Galtons Egyptian sketchbook, Bob and Ibrahim, IIIB 454 Plate XLIV, of Ali from Galtons Syrian sketchbook, IIIB 454 Plate XLV; from Galtons South African Diaries, Nangoro, I : 59 Plate XXXVIII, 1237 Plate LVIII, Ovampos and Omutchikota (Otchikoto?), I 216 Plate LVII, of lion-trap and pencil snapshots, I 215 Plate LVI, of Jonker. Afrikaner walking off with Galtons code of `laws, 1226 Plate LVIII, of Galtons favourite hack in Damaraland, 1237 Plate LIX Skewness, in the frequency distributions of sociological phenomena, 11 228 ...
The caballero came into Flores along the lakeshore from the north, riding a magnificent horse and leading two others laden behind him. The sun, glinting from a silver helmet slung on the pommel of a spare saddle, projected images in air: spectral men in frayed white robes strolled ahead of him along the path and out across the lake.. He met some of the women of Flores returning from market with baskets on their heads, children and half-wild dogs at their heels (Doña María, to save her joints, had not gone with them; later she would regret this). The dogs fled into the jungle, barking. The children ran among the spectral men, vying to catch their attention, splashing in the warm shallows where the lake had risen across the path, only for the floating figures to disappear as the caballero led the horses into the furred shade of a cigarette tree.. He asked the women where was the safest place on the lake to bathe, where he could find cooked food, clean water, and a dry place away from the insects ...
Sabrina Martinez, a San Diego native educated in New York City, hits Iowas rural roads in 2008, selling students on a Buena Vista University education.. Sells herself in the process.. Martinez, a 2008 grad from Columbia Universitys School of Political Science, tackles a full load of science courses at BVU in the fall of 2010. She finishes instruction in May and now stands on the other end of recruitment, already accepted into two medical schools.. I sit with Martinez in the Estelle Siebens Science Center on BVUs lakeshore campus on Monday, Dec.3, her 26th birthday. She details a career path as improbable as finding an African elephants skeleton in the building. Which, here, you do.. Her arrival in Storm Lake comes after her mother, Maggie Martinez, sells their home near San Diego and moves to the Buena Vista County seat, sight-unseen in 2005. The elder Martinez knows only this of Storm Lake at the time: Her late aunt lived here for years, and spoke fondly of the city.. Maggie Martinez takes ...
A floating mat (German: Schwingrasen) is a layer of mosses and other, especially stoloniferous, plants that grows out from the shore across the surface of a lake or pond. This type of habitat is protected and is designated in the European Habitats Directive as "LRT No. 7140 Transition and Floating Mat Bogs". Floating mats are not always capable of bearing weight. There is a risk of drowning when walking on them. The formation of floating mats is a process of sedimentation in water bodies. In bog ponds, floating mats of peat moss form as water levels fall and nutrients accumulate. In eutrophic waters, the formation of floating mats is caused by underwater peat that floats to the surface and is colonised by plants. The vegetative mats are held together by their root systems. Reeds or rushes growing by the lakeshore can eventually cut these mats off, which results in a floating island. If the floating mats are stable and large enough, even trees can grow on them, as at the Kleiner Arbersee. Beneath ...
https://focusonyouthtcdsb.com/2016/08/11/profile-south-etobicoke-youth-a.... The South Etobicoke Youth Assembly (SEYA) is located at LAMP Community Health Center. It was founded in 2000 by youth in the Lakeshore area who wished to tackle issues that they were facing. There was a lack of recreational and arts programs, and they wanted to bring this to the attention of politicians. Together, they formed SEYA and brought these up these issues at general meetings and they were able to achieve their original goal. Today, SEYA provides free workshops and programs for youth in the community to develop leadership and various other skills. ...
HOLLAND, Mich. - Holland Hospital announced Friday that the flu shot will be mandatory for workers. The new policy will be implemented beginning in the fall of 2013. The policy will apply to all Holland Hospital, Lakeshore Health Partners and Holland Hospital service employees.
Itching can be a very aggravating symptom of varicose veins and spider veins. Let the experts at Lakeshore Veins help diagnose. Call (262) 241-3999
St. Helena Family Health Center - Clearlake has opened an expanded dental care suite designed with the patient experience in mind. The bright, spacious and beautiful suite is located in Clearlake at 15230 Lakeshore Drive, Suite 105.
... : identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar species
THE HERALD Serving Maywood, Bellwood, Forest Park, Hillside, Westchester, Broadview, Northlake, Berkeley and Melrose Park VOL LVIII. No. 14 THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 1942 PRICE 5 CENTS News of the Week. Honor Tank Fighters in Bataan Area story on Page 3 To Conduct Tuberculin Skin Tests story on Page 3 Key Men Form Nucleus ol Defense Staff story on Page 3 Uncle Sam Has Priority on Athletes story on Page 3 SPECIAL SERVICES FOR EASTER See Page 24 ...
Ships, aircraft, and personnel from 18 countries will participate in the annual UNITAS LVIII maritime exercise from 16 to 26 July, off the coast of Lima, Peru.
RESIDENTS of informal settlements in Pietermaritzburg are paying up to R3 000 to criminal syndicates for illegal electricity connections, Msunduzi municipal manager Mxolisi Nkosi has said...
This study is designed to evaluate the safety of MVA85A in healthy volunteers in the UK who are latently infected with M.tb. A single vaccination with MVA85A, when administeredat a dose of 5 x 107pfu intradermally, is safe in both mycobacterially naïve individuals and those previously vaccinated with BCG. We will use the same vaccination regime in this study. Subjects will be defined as being latently infected if they have a positive elispot response to ESAT6 or CFP10. Subjects will be identified from TB contact clinics ...
Abstract At present, there is no consensus that purified schistosome egg antigens offer any advantage in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Previously, we demonstrated by multiple techniques that the major serologic antigens in Schistosoma japonicum soluble egg antigen (SEA) are glycoproteins, and that the glycoproteins with highest specificity and sensitivity are hydrophobes. We therefore tested these materials for their specificity, sensitivity and cost effectiveness in the ELISA. In this study we used five SEA fractions that varied in their purity and antigenicity. The order of immunologic specific activity in the ELISA, measured by titration of a standard sera pool, was: hydrophobic glycoproteins (highest), crude SEA glycoproteins, hydrophilic glycoproteins, crude SEA, and SEA proteins (lowest). Complexity (purity) of these materials were (in rank order), hydrophilic glycoproteins (purest), hydrophobic glycoproteins, crude glycoproteins, SEA proteins, and
We understand that it can be daunting researching pet vaccinations or even reading your reminder cards! Our goal is to provide your pet with the best coverage based upon their age, needs, and lifestyle, so there are multiple vaccination packages that we offer.. The only legally-required vaccination is Rabies. We highly encourage all animals to be kept up to date on this important vaccination as it not only offers protection for them, but also for you and other people and animals.. The Combination, often referred to as the "Distemper" vaccination, is also highly suggested as it not only covers the distemper virus, but a number of other viruses as well. For dogs, the distemper vaccination is commonly referred to as "DHPPL4", with each letter standing for a virus that it covers (Distemper - Adenovirus Type 1 (Hepatitis) - Parainfluenza - Parvovirus - Leptosporosis). For cats, we refer to it as RCCP (Rhinotrachetisis - Chlamydia-Calici-Panleukopenia).. There are other optional vacations that are ...
Understanding host antibody response is crucial for predicting disease severity and for vaccine development. We investigated antibody responses against influenza A(H7N9) virus in 48 serum samples from 21 patients, including paired samples from 15 patients. IgG against subtype H7 and neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) were not detected in acute-phase samples, but ELISA geometric mean titers increased in convalescent-phase samples; NAb titers were 20–80 (geometric mean titer 40). Avidity to IgG against subtype H7 was significantly lower than that against H1 and H3. IgG against H3 was boosted after infection with influenza A(H7N9) virus, and its level in acute-phase samples correlated with that against H7 in convalescent-phase samples. A correlation was also found between hemagglutinin inhibition and NAb titers and between hemagglutinin inhibition and IgG titers against H7. Because of the relatively weak protective antibody response to influenza A(H7N9), multiple vaccinations might be needed to
Understanding host antibody response is crucial for predicting disease severity and for vaccine development. We investigated antibody responses against influenza A(H7N9) virus in 48 serum samples from 21 patients, including paired samples from 15 patients. IgG against subtype H7 and neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) were not detected in acute-phase samples, but ELISA geometric mean titers increased in convalescent-phase samples; NAb titers were 20–80 (geometric mean titer 40). Avidity to IgG against subtype H7 was significantly lower than that against H1 and H3. IgG against H3 was boosted after infection with influenza A(H7N9) virus, and its level in acute-phase samples correlated with that against H7 in convalescent-phase samples. A correlation was also found between hemagglutinin inhibition and NAb titers and between hemagglutinin inhibition and IgG titers against H7. Because of the relatively weak protective antibody response to influenza A(H7N9), multiple vaccinations might be needed to
Group A Rotaviruses with serotypes G1-G4 and G9 are the common Rotavirus types of clinical importance. This study aimed at determining the different Rotavirus genotypes in stool sample of children bel
Shams Eldien Koko, Talib M. A., Suliman I. Suliman, Muddathir S. Alhassan and Ahmed S. Kabbashi*. ABSTRACT. Balanites aegyptiaca has been reported to be an anti-helminthic, a purgative, febrifuge, emetic and can also cure other types of ailments like skin boils, malaria, wounds, colds, syphilis, liver and spleen disorders. Various parts of this plant have their own traditional medicinal properties. The seed is used as a febrifuge, and its oil is used to treat tumors and wounds. An aqueous extract of the bark is used in Sudanese folk medicine in the treatment of jaundice. The kernel oil exhibited anticancer activity against lung, liver, and brain carcinoma cell lines. It also has anti-mutagenic activity against Fasciola gigantica-induced mutagenicity besides anthelmintic activity against hepatic worms (Schistosoma mansoni), the aqueous leaf extract and saponins isolated from its kernel cakes have antibacterial activity. The branches are used as tooth brush. The root extracts have proved to be ...
Shams Eldien Koko, Talib M. A., Fatima Elfatih, Eman M. Zain Alabdeen and Ahmed S. Kabbashi*. ABSTRACT. Balanites aegyptiaca has been reported to be an anti-helminthic, a purgative, febrifuge, emetic and can also cure other types of ailments like skin boils, malaria, wounds, colds, syphilis, liver and spleen disorders. Various parts of this plant have their own traditional medicinal properties. The seed is used as a febrifuge, and its oil is used to treat tumors and wounds. An aqueous extract of the bark is used in Sudanese folk medicine in the treatment of jaundice. The kernel oil exhibited anticancer activity against lung, liver, and brain carcinoma cell lines. It also has anti-mutagenic activity against Fasciola gigantica-induced mutagenicity besides anthelmintic activity against hepatic worms (Schistosoma mansoni), the aqueous leaf extract and saponins isolated from its kernel cakes have antibacterial activity. The branches are used as tooth brush. The root extracts have proved to be ...
Primary growth of AMC 60 fibrosarcoma inoculated into the hind leg of ACI/N rats resulted in occasional generation of concomitant resistance to growth of a second graft of the same tumor cells in the peritoneal or pleural cavity. Using this syngeneic tumor-host system, experiments were carried out to elucidate the effect of intratumoral injections of an immunomodulator, Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (N-CWS), on concomitant immunity. Rats bearing a solid tumor into which N-CWS was repeatedly injected showed a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of the tumor cells inoculated secondarily into the peritoneal cavity, i.e., concomitant immunity, as compared to control groups of normal, N-CWS-treated and solid tumor-bearing rats. Peritoneal macrophages, when harvested after i.p. tumor inoculation into the N-CWS treated solid tumor-bearing rats, were found to be significantly potentiated for tumoricidal activity against [5-125I]iodo-2′-deoxyuridine-labeled AMC tumor cells. These ...
In country after country in Sub-Saharan Africa, new discoveries of oil, natural gas and mineral deposits have been making headlines every other week it seems. When Ghanas Jubilee oil field hits peak production in 2013, it will produce 120,000 barrels a day. Ugandas Lake Albert Rift Basin fields could potentially produce even greater quantities. Billions of dollars a year could flow into Mozambique and Tanzania thanks to natural gas findings. And in Sierra Leone, mining iron ore in Tonkolili could boost GDP by a remarkable 25 percent in 2012.. My strong hope is that all the people living in these resource-rich African countries also get to share in this new oil and mineral wealth. So far, with one of few exceptions being Botswana, natural resources havent always improved the lives of people and their families. From what I see on my constant travels to the continent, economic growth in most resource-rich countries is not automatically translating into better health, education, and other key ...
Polluted runoff is Wisconsins number one water quality problem, degrading or threatening an estimated 90% of inland lakes. Extra phosphorus can wash into our lakes and streams from lawns, farm fields, stormwater and construction sites, roads and other hard surfaces, causing algae blooms, water quality decline, and negative impacts on recreational lake use and lakeshore…
Step towards a more beautiful smile with Lakeshore Family Dentistry, the practice of Edmund Ring, DDS, and Kristie Reine, DDS. A member of the Bayou District Dental Association, Dr. Edmund Ring has practiced in Slidell since 2002. Dr. Kristie Reine has practiced on the Northshore since 2003 and is a member of the New Orleans Dental Association. Both doctors have repeatedly been named Top Dentists by New Orleans Magazine. Proud graduates of LSU School of Dentistry, Drs. Ring and Reine are also members of the American Dental Association, Louisiana Dental Association, and the Lake Pontchartrain Study Club.. ...
The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation has recommended a two-dose schedule for infant pneumoccal vaccination, bringing its introduction an important step closer.. The Department of Health has held back on the use of pneumococcal vaccines in children, because the most appropriate vaccine and dosage was unclear.. But after reviewing data from UK phase II trials of a 9-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, JCVI members concluded only two doses were needed for good immune responses, with a booster dose given at 12 months of age.. MMR-fuelled parental concerns over multiple vaccinations could still make it difficult to squeeze the injections in. A Northern Ireland study found delays in immunisations when children received three injections in one visit.. The JCVI suggested a two-dose pneumococcal and men-ingitis C programme could be inserted sequentially to the current schedule to reduce the number of injections given at any one time.. Dr George Kassianos, RCGP immunisation spokesperson ...
Phelipanche aegyptiaca parasitizes a wide range of plants, including important crops, and causes serious damage to their production. P. aegyptiaca develops a specialized intrusive organ called a haustorium that establishes connections to the hosts xylem and phloem. In parallel with the development of xylem vessels, the differentiation of phloem-conducting cells has been demonstrated by the translocation of symplasmic tracers from the host to the parasite. However, it is unclear yet whether haustorial phloem-conducting cells are sieve elements. In this study, we identified phloem-conducting cells in haustoria by the host-to-parasite translocation of green fluorescent protein (GFP) from AtSUC2pro::GFP tomato sieve tubes. Haustorial GFP-conducting cells contained nuclei but not callose-rich sieve plates, indicating that phloem-conducting cells in haustoria differ from conventional sieve elements. To ascertain why the nuclei were not degenerated, expression of the P. aegyptiaca homologs NAC-domain
Transgenerational immune priming occurs when an adult is exposed to a parasite or other pathogen and then transmits information to its offspring through protective phenotypes to cope with the same pathogen (Moret, 2006). There has been evidence for transgenerational immune priming in various invertebrates (Tidbury et al. 2011). Here we tested for the presence of transgenerational immune priming in the Biomphalaria glabrata snails when challenged by exposure to the Schistosoma mansoni parasite. The experimental parent generation was challenged with a parasitic environment, while the control parent generation was not. The results were then determined based on the resistance or susceptibility of the F1 offspring generation. We found that parental challenge did not enhance offspring immunity through transgenerational immune priming ...
The African species of Biomphalaria appeared as a result of the relatively recent west-to-east trans-Atlantic dispersal of the Biomphalaria glabrata-like taxon. In Egypt, Biomphalaria alexandrina is the intermediate host for Schistosoma mansoni. Biomphalaria alexandrina originated in the area between Alexandria and Rosetta and has historically been confined to the Nile Delta. Schistosoma mansoni reached Egypt via infected slaves and baboons from the Land of Punt through migrations that occurred as early as the Vth Dynasty. The suggestion of the presence of Schistosoma mansoni infection in Lower Egypt during Pharaonic times is discussed despite the fact that that there is no evidence of such infection in Egyptian mummies. It is only recently that Biomphalaria alexandrina colonized the Egyptian Nile from the Delta to Lake Nasser. This change was likely due to the construction of huge water projects, the development of new water resources essential for land reclamation projects and the movement of ...
Orobanche species are parasitic weeds that subsist on the roots of many dicotyledonous plants. These parasites form symplastic and apoplastic connections with their hosts and act as strong sinks for the uptake of water, minerals, and photosynthates, often causing severe damage to the hosts. Although the uptake of small molecules such as sugars and herbicides by Orobanche has been documented, movement of macromolecules between host and parasite has not been characterized. The objectives of this research were to 1) determine whether, and by what route, host macromolecules can be translocated to the parasite, and 2) engineer host resistance based on inducible expression of sarcotoxin IA, an anti-microbial peptide from the flesh fly (Sarcophaga peregrina). To address the first objective, transgenic plants expressing GFP localized to either the host cell cytosol (symplast) or secreted to the extra-cellular space (apoplast) were parasitized by O. aegyptiaca. Observations of green fluorescence in O. ...

Evaluation of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) as a topical agent for preventing skin penetration by cercariae of Schistosoma...Evaluation of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) as a topical agent for preventing skin penetration by cercariae of Schistosoma...

These studies showed that DEET at concentrations of 7.5% or higher was 100% effective in immobilizing and killing cercariae of ... Ultrastructural studies on such DEET-exposed cercariae showed transformative and degenerative changes involving both tegument ... mansoni cercariae into the mouse tail skin. Radiolabeling and tracer studies confirmed that 7.5% DEET applied to the skin prior ... on the penetration and migration behavior of cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni was evaluated in vitro and in vivo in a mouse ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.58.828

Coloured SEM of a schistosome parasite cercaria - Stock Image Z160/0086 - Science Photo LibraryColoured SEM of a schistosome parasite cercaria - Stock Image Z160/0086 - Science Photo Library

Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cercaria of the parasitic fluke Schistosoma mansoni, cause of the disease ... bilharzia (schistosomiasis). The cercariae live in lakes and rivers, and penetrate the skin of humans in the water. They mature ... Caption: Parasite cercaria. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cercaria of the parasitic fluke Schistosoma ... Keywords: animal, bilharzia, cercaria, flatworm, invertebrate, invertebrates, nature, parasite, platyhelminthes, schistosoma ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/366209/view

Comparative photobehavior of marine cercariae with differing secondary host preferences. - Free Online LibraryComparative photobehavior of marine cercariae with differing secondary host preferences. - Free Online Library

Comparative photobehavior of marine cercariae with differing secondary host preferences.(Report) by The Biological Bulletin; ... we compared speed of movement for dark-adapted cercariae with the speed of cercariae that were anesthetized. Cercariae were ... Like most marine cercariae, Euhaplorchis cercariae are short-lived, living no more than 24 h after emerging from an infected ... Cercariae of the genus Euhaplorchis (Hetero-phyidae) infect estuarine fishes (Martin, 1950). For example, cercariae of E. ...
more infohttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Comparative+photobehavior+of+marine+cercariae+with+differing+...-a0285887608

Morphological Characterization of Emerging Cercariae among Lymnaeid Snails from Barangay Cawongan, Padre Garcia, Batangas,...Morphological Characterization of Emerging Cercariae among Lymnaeid Snails from Barangay Cawongan, Padre Garcia, Batangas,...

3.2.3. Longifurcate-Pharyngeate Distome Cercariae (Strigea Cercariae). The presence of fork-tailed cercariae (Figure 3: (5)-(6 ... Three distinct cercariae were identified, namely, echinostome, longifurcate-pharyngeate distome cercariae (Strigea cercariae), ... The emerging cercaria was twice as long as the typical cercaria of Schistosoma japonicum. Its head measured an average of 41 ± ... 3.2.1. Echinostome Cercariae. The echinostome type of cercariae was found in 26.4% of the 750 snails studied and was the most ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpr/2018/5241217/

Evaluation of lung recovery assay for schistosomula in mice immunized with X-irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni |...Evaluation of lung recovery assay for schistosomula in mice immunized with X-irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni |...

An evaluation of this method for mice immunized with highly X-irradiated cercariae ofSchistosoma mansoni was made. The results ... Our conclusion is that for measuring the immunizing effect of irradiated cercariae, the lung recovery method is not suitable ... Evaluation of lung recovery assay for schistosomula in mice immunized with X-irradiated cercariae ofSchistosoma mansoni. ... Histopathological study of lesions elicited in rhesus monkeys during immunization and challenge with cercariae ofSchistosoma ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00927518

Histological description of Cercaria etgesii Shchenkov, 2017 daughter sporocysts (Trematoda: Pleurogenidae):...Histological description of Cercaria etgesii Shchenkov, 2017 daughter sporocysts (Trematoda: Pleurogenidae):...

No mitoses in germinal mass were evident although apparent production of the cercariae embryos by the sporocysts take place. ... and carry out its compartmentalisation by formation of the chambers around developing and disintegrating embryos of cercariae. ... AbstractMorphology of the daughter sporocysts of Cercaria etgesii Shchenkov, 2017 (Pleurogenidae) has been described according ... The morphology of Cercaria cerastodermae I nom. nov. (Monorchiidae) (=Cercaria lepidapedon rachion (Cobbold, 1858) sensu Lebour ...
more infohttps://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ap.2018.63.issue-2/ap-2018-0036/ap-2018-0036.xml

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Daily Periodicity of Schistosoma Mansoni Cercariae in Puerto Rican...The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Daily Periodicity of Schistosoma Mansoni Cercariae in Puerto Rican...

In the rivers and stream studied, the peak of cercarial abundance was found to occur between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. Few cercariae ... On the basis of these experiments, the hazard of exposure to cercariae in Puerto Rican waters is considered to be from 20 to ... were present in the water before 9 a.m. or after 4 p.m. In a heavily infested pond, cercariae appeared at 10 a.m. and their ... Summary The density of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae in Puerto Rican waters was found to undergo a marked daily fluctuation. ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1958.7.374

A Report on the Labeling of Schistosoma Japonicum Cercariae with Radioiron | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and...A Report on the Labeling of Schistosoma Japonicum Cercariae with Radioiron | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and...

Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, ... Summary An attempt to label the cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum with radioactive iron (Fe59) gave encouraging results. ... A Report on the Labeling of Schistosoma Japonicum Cercariae with Radioiron * B. de la Cruz, T. P. Pesigan, T. C. Banzon, J. ... Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1964.13.545

Pulmonary leukocytic responses are linked to the acquired immunity of mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma...Pulmonary leukocytic responses are linked to the acquired immunity of mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma...

Studies with cercariae attenuated by different treatments established that a link exists between the recruitment of leukocytes ... Mice exposed to cercariae attenuated with 20 krad gamma-radiation developed stronger and more persistent pulmonary leukocytic ... Animals exposed to irradiated cercariae of S. mansoni were resistant to homologous challenge infection but were not protected ... Pulmonary leukocytic responses are linked to the acquired immunity of mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma ...
more infohttps://www.jimmunol.org/content/140/10/3573

The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South AfricaThe penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South Africa

These cercariae reach the subcutaneous tissue within one hour after exposure, and some migrate to the lungs. Between 46 and 97 ... The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South Africa. Login ... The ability of the cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp., the commonest avian schistosome in South Africa, to cause dermatitis in ... The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South Africa. Appleton ...
more infohttps://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/44157

The ultrastructure, based on stereoscan observations, of the oral sucker of the cercaria of Schistosoma mansoni with special...The ultrastructure, based on stereoscan observations, of the oral sucker of the cercaria of Schistosoma mansoni with special...

These tegumentary folds may serve to protect the duct apertures during the free swimming period of the cercaria. During ... The ultrastructure of the oral sucker of the cercaria of Schistosoma mansoni was investigated using stereoscan and transmission ... Nervous system ofSchistosoma mansoni cercaria: Organization and fine structure. *Carolyn E. Cousin, Charles H. Dorsey ... Scanning Electron Microscopical Studies on Schistosoma mansoni cercariae Exposed to Ultraviolet Irradiation. *Saad M. Bin Dajem ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-ultrastructure%2C-based-on-stereoscan-observatio-Robson-Erasmus/87ae320febbbb2da32447424e87848a947173f0d

Superficial structures and musculature of cercariae.(A  | Open-iSuperficial structures and musculature of cercariae.(A | Open-i

Superficial structures and musculature of cercariae.(A and B) Actin-rich spines and sensory cilia. (A) Anterior region of the ... Mentions: Cercaria are covered by a sugar-rich layer, called the glycocalyx, that sits upon the tegument, a modified syncytial ... Mentions: Cercaria are covered by a sugar-rich layer, called the glycocalyx, that sits upon the tegument, a modified syncytial ... Whole cercaria image represents a maximum projection derived from tiled stacks. Insets are magnified views of the indicated ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC3050934_pntd.0001009.g001&req=4

Spiral: A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariaeSpiral: A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae

A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae. File. Description. Size. Format. ... A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae. Authors: Webb, AJ. Kelwick, R. Doenhoff, MJ. Kylilis, N ... whole file 9_3_16 revised-webb et al-a protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae.pdf. Accepted ...
more infohttps://spiral.imperial.ac.uk:8443/handle/10044/1/31012

Schistosoma mansoni cercariae credit Aidan Emery oct 2014 | SCAN: The Schistosomiasis Collection at the NHMSchistosoma mansoni cercariae credit Aidan Emery oct 2014 | SCAN: The Schistosomiasis Collection at the NHM

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith ...
more infohttp://scan.myspecies.info/file/646

Schistosoma mansoni cercariae credit Aidan Emery oct 2014 | SCAN: The Schistosomiasis Collection at the NHMSchistosoma mansoni cercariae credit Aidan Emery oct 2014 | SCAN: The Schistosomiasis Collection at the NHM

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith ...
more infohttp://scan.myspecies.info/file/645

Public Domain Picture | Cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni.  Indirect fluorescent antibody stain.  Parasite. | ID: 13519357211469...Public Domain Picture | Cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni. Indirect fluorescent antibody stain. Parasite. | ID: 13519357211469...

Cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni. Indirect fluorescent antibody stain. Parasite. , ID: 13519357211469 ... Public Domain Picture: Cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni. Indirect fluorescent antibody stain. Parasite.. ...
more infohttp://www.publicdomainfiles.com/show_file.php?id=13519357211469

Simulation of population dynamics of Bulinus globosus: Effects of environmental temperature on production of Schistosoma...Simulation of population dynamics of Bulinus globosus: Effects of environmental temperature on production of Schistosoma...

Effects of environmental temperature on production of Schistosoma haematobium cercariae - Fig 4 ... Model estimates of cercariae production during simulations in which each of the five parameters in Table 1 were varied by +10% ... Bulinus globosus climate change schistosomiasis control programmes life history traits Schistosoma haematobium cercariae ... Effects of environmental temperature on production of Schistosoma haematobium cercariae - Fig 4. 2018-08-02T17:31:45Z (GMT) by ...
more infohttps://plos.figshare.com/articles/Simulation_of_population_dynamics_of_i_Bulinus_globosus_i_Effects_of_environmental_temperature_on_production_of_i_Schistosoma_haematobium_i_cercariae_-_Fig_4/6905906/1

Acta ParasitologicaActa Parasitologica

cercariae in Helisoma anceps. Zimmermann, Michael R. / Luth, Kyle E. / Esch, Gerald W. ...
more infohttps://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ap.2015.60.issue-4/issue-files/ap.2015.60.issue-4.xml

A strategy for emergency treatment of Schistosoma japonicum-infested water | Parasites & Vectors | Full TextA strategy for emergency treatment of Schistosoma japonicum-infested water | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text

S. japonicum cercaria. The cercariae of S. japonicum were obtained from naturally infected O. hupensis collected from Anhui ... On the one hand, the drug with high concentrations contacts with the floating cercaria directly, and thus kills the cercaria ... It has been reported that the effective concentration of niclosamide to kill S. japonicum cercariae was 0.06-0.12 mg/L [29-33 ... Effect of spraying SCN on S. japonicum cercaria in field. The infection rate of mice was 33.33% (9/27) prior to spraying SCN, ...
more infohttps://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-3305-4-209

General Flashcards by Pam Tulabut | BrainscapeGeneral Flashcards by Pam Tulabut | Brainscape

M- miracidia / S - sporocyst / R - rediae / C - cercariae). * MSRC : Opistorchiidae. * MSC : Schistosomes. * SRC : Paragonimus ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/general-6696565/packs/6571709

Table of Contents - August 25, 1933, 78 (2017) | ScienceTable of Contents - August 25, 1933, 78 (2017) | Science

DEVELOPMENT OF CERCARIA MACROSTOMA FAUST INTO PROTEROMETRA (NOV. GEN.) MACROSTOMA. By Margery W. Horsfall ...
more infohttp://science.sciencemag.org/content/78/2017

Advances in parasitology. Volume 36 (eBook, 1995) [WorldCat.org]Advances in parasitology. Volume 36 (eBook, 1995) [WorldCat.org]

Cercaria; 9. Metacercaria; 10. Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 5. Human Lice and Their Management; 1. ...
more infohttp://www.worldcat.org/title/advances-in-parasitology-volume-36/oclc/646756705
  • This cercaria-killing method, as an emergency-treatment intervention for infested water, can be applied in those forecasting and early warning systems for schistosomiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, respectively, for 6 hours definitely produced images in 30 to 42 days on photographic films by autoradiography. (ajtmh.org)
  • In its vertebrate host, the cercaria matures to an adult form, the fluke, and lays eggs that are discharged with the host feces or urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The motile cercaria finds and settles in a host where it will become either an adult, or a mesocercaria, or a metacercaria, according to species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cercaria is also used as a genus of trematodes, when adult forms are not known. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some species, the cercaria develops into an adult within the same host. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some species (for example Ribeiroia) the cercaria encysts, and waits until the host is eaten by a third host, in whose gut it emerges and develops into an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the basis of these experiments, the hazard of exposure to cercariae in Puerto Rican waters is considered to be from 20 to 100-fold less between the hours of 5 a.m. and 9 a.m. than at most other times of the day. (ajtmh.org)
  • Although vaccination with irradiated cercariae also stimulated T cell responses of greater magnitude and duration than normal infection, the lymphocytic infiltrate elicited by each regimen did not differ substantially in its composition, 5 wk after exposure. (jimmunol.org)
  • These cercariae reach the subcutaneous tissue within one hour after exposure, and some migrate to the lungs. (up.ac.za)
  • Mice exposed to cercariae attenuated with 20 krad gamma-radiation developed stronger and more persistent pulmonary leukocytic responses than animals exposed to equal numbers of normal parasites. (jimmunol.org)
  • In contrast, light, gravitational, or other cues may stimulate other cercariae to swim downward to increase their contact with benthic intermediate hosts such as crabs (e.g. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Studies with cercariae attenuated by different treatments established that a link exists between the recruitment of leukocytes to the lungs of vaccinated mice and resistance to reinfection. (jimmunol.org)
  • Model estimates of cercariae production during simulations in which each of the five parameters in Table 1 were varied by +10% and -10% of their baseline values assuming (a) seasonally varying temperatures representative of current environmental conditions [ 3 ] and assuming temperatures increases of (b) 1 °C and (c) 2 °C. (figshare.com)
  • For marine cercariae that utilize fish as their second intermediate host, light may stimulate their ascent as they are released from benthic molluscs, their first intermediate host. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of a suspension concentrate of niclosamide (SCN) on killing cercaria of S. japonicum that float on the water surface, and its toxicity to fish, so as to establish an emergency-treatment intervention for rapidly killing cercaria and eliminating water infectivity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, it is difficult to dissolve in water and toxic to aquatic animals such as fish, which limits its use for cercaria-killing in the field. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Successful transmission depends on encountering a host within a limited time frame as most cercariae have life spans of 24 h or less (Holliman, 1961). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Because of their short life histories, cercariae are likely to use exogenous cues that are predictable and constant within the host's environment. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Our conclusion is that for measuring the immunizing effect of irradiated cercariae, the lung recovery method is not suitable for the determination of the state of immunity induced. (springer.com)
  • P. subtenuis (Linton, 1907) Hanson, and description of Cercaria adranocerca n. sp. (springer.com)
  • In a heavily infested pond, cercariae appeared at 10 a.m. and their numbers accumulated to a peak at 4 p.m. (ajtmh.org)