Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.
Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
A family of flukes (TREMATODA) characterized by a collar of spines at their anterior end. The body is elongated and is covered with spines, and the two suckers are usually close together. (Noble et al., Parasitology: the Biology of Animal Parasites, 6th ed, p183)
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.
A genus of trematode flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae. There are over a dozen species. These parasites are found in man and other mammals. Snails are the intermediate hosts.
A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.
A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma japonicum. It is endemic in the Far East and affects the bowel, liver, and spleen.
A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.
Agents that act systemically to kill adult schistosomes.
Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
The free-swimming larval forms of parasites found in an intermediate host.
A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
A family of bivalve MOLLUSKS with heart-shaped shells, commonly known as cockles. Unlike most BIVALVES, cockles are hermaphroditic.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.
A family of intestinal flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. Some of the genera are Heterophyes, Metagonimus, Cryptocotyle, Stellantchasmus, and Euryhelmis.
An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.
An anthelmintic with schistosomicidal activity against Schistosoma mansoni, but not against other Schistosoma spp. Oxamniquine causes worms to shift from the mesenteric veins to the liver where the male worms are retained; the female worms return to the mesentery, but can no longer release eggs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p121)
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
A genus of dextrally coiled freshwater snails that includes some species of importance as intermediate hosts of parasitic flukes.
An antihelmintic that is active against most tapeworms. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p48)
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.
A family of flukes of the class Trematoda found in the intestinal tract and liver of animals and man. Some of the genera are Homalagaster, Gastrodiscus, Paramphistomum, Watsonius, Nilocotyle, Gigantocotyle, Gastrothylax, Macropotrema, Ceylonocotyle, Zygocotyle, Cotylophoron, and Calicophoron.
A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (DITHIOTHREITOL), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl groups.
Liver diseases caused by infections with PARASITES, such as tapeworms (CESTODA) and flukes (TREMATODA).
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
A compound used as a topical insect repellent that may cause irritation to eyes and mucous membranes, but not to the skin.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
A species of helminth commonly called the sheep liver fluke. It occurs in the biliary passages, liver, and gallbladder during various stages of development. Snails and aquatic vegetation are the intermediate hosts. Occasionally seen in man, it is most common in sheep and cattle.
The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.
A trisaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. In the blood the antigen is found on the surface of NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES. In addition, CD15 antigen is a stage-specific embryonic antigen.
Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.
The behaviors of materials under force.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
A lysosomal cysteine proteinase with a specificity similar to that of PAPAIN. The enzyme is present in a variety of tissues and is important in many physiological and pathological processes. In pathology, cathepsin B has been found to be involved in DEMYELINATION; EMPHYSEMA; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, and NEOPLASM INVASIVENESS.
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.

Cercarial dermatitis transmitted by exotic marine snail. (1/21)

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Immune events associated with high level protection against Schistosoma japonicum infection in pigs immunized with UV-attenuated cercariae. (2/21)

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A cysteine proteinase in the penetration glands of the cercariae of Cotylurus cornutus (Trematoda, Strigeidae). (3/21)

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Synchronous attack is advantageous: mixed genotype infections lead to higher infection success in trematode parasites. (4/21)

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Multiple vaccinations with UV- attenuated cercariae in pig enhance protective immunity against Schistosoma japonicum infection as compared to single vaccination. (5/21)

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Haplometra cylindracea (Zeder, 1800) (Trematoda:Plagiorchiidae): variation in the dates of cercarial shedding for overwintering Galba truncatula. (6/21)

Natural infections of Galba truncatula with Haplometra cylindracea were followed from 2001 to 2009 to determine if their characteristics were similar when snails came from water collections frequented by Bufo bufo or by frogs and newts for their egg-laying. Snail samples were collected from both types of sites to count shed cercariae for three days and also free cercariae when snails were dissected. In sites only frequented by B. bufo, cercarial shedding occurred earlier than in those colonized by frogs and newts (March instead of April-May). In contrast, the number of cercariae shed during three successive days was significantly higher in May. This variation in the dates of cercarial shedding might be due, either to a synchronism between cercaria-releasing snails and the presence of the definitive host (tadpoles) in water collections, or to an earlier infection of overwintering snails in autumn by H. cylindracea miracidia in the case of toad-frequented sites.  (+info)

Molecular expression and enzymatic characterization of thioredoxin from the carcinogenic human liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini. (7/21)

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Secretory glands in cercaria of the neuropathogenic schistosome Trichobilharzia regenti - ultrastructural characterization, 3-D modelling, volume and pH estimations. (8/21)

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Find STD Testing in Lakeshore MS. There are numerous STD Testing Clinics in Lakeshore, Mississippi. STD Testing Clinics do HIV testing, Chlamydia Testing, Syphilis Testing, Gonorrhea Testing and more. Get tested in Lakeshore today!
Advanced temperature modulation techniques now allow for the elimination of fever as well as controlled hypothermia. However, as demonstrated in this study, shivering is frequently encountered (64%), and the severity of shivering as measured by the BSAS is strongly associated with graded increases in systemic metabolism. The application of therapeutic normothermia or hypothermia has not been shown to improve outcome after cerebrovascular injury, and the metabolic consequences of shivering may prove to be a limiting step in demonstrating the benefits of therapeutic temperature modulation. A scale that can simply and reliably detect and quantify shivering can be used as an end point for antishivering interventions and may play an important role in minimizing the day-to-day complications of cerebrovascular patients undergoing therapeutic temperature modulation in the intensive care unit.. Previous reports have considered shivering to be a binary event;8-10 however, the metabolic impact of shivering ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Role of growth hormone in regulating T‐Dependent immune events in aged, nude, and transgenic rodents. AU - Davila, D. R.. AU - Brief, S.. AU - Simon, J.. AU - Hammer, Robert E. AU - Brinster, R. L.. AU - Kelley, K. W.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - Growth hormone (GH) appears to play a major role in a reciprocal axis that has been postulated between the thymus and pituitary glands. Our previous studies showed that thymic structure, as well as T‐cell proliferation and IL‐2 synthesis, could be restored in aged female Wistar‐Furth rats by the implantation of GH3 pituitary adenoma cells. These cells secrete GH and some prolactin. We have now used three different approaches to determine whether GH affects a variety of immune events in vivo in both old and young rodents, and whether GH3 cells can directly affect progenitor T‐cells in nude rats that congenitally lack a thymus gland. To test the effects of GH in aged rats, 750 μg of pituitary‐derived ovine GH was injected 2× ...
Background: There is increasing recognition of complex interrelations between the endocrine functions of bone and fat tissues or organs. Objective: The objective was to describe nonmechanical and mechanical links between metabolic factors, body composition, and bone with the use of graphical Markov models. Methods: Seventy postmenopausal women with a mean ± SD age of 62.3 ± 3.7 y and body mass index (in kg/m2) of 24.9 ± 3.8 were recruited. Bone outcomes were peripheral quantitative computed tomography measures of the distal and diaphyseal tibia, cross-sectional area (CSA), volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), and cortical CSA. Biomarkers of osteoblast and adipocyte function were plasma concentrations of leptin, adiponectin, osteocalcin, undercarboxylated osteocalcin (UCOC), and phylloquinone. Body composition measurements were lean and percent fat mass, which were derived with the use of a 4-compartment model. Sequences of Regressions, a subclass of graphical Markov models, were used to ...
As more fully detailed below, Lakeshore and Lakeshores business partners obtain and keep personal information when you send us an e-mail, order product, purchase product, sign up for our customer loyalty program(s), supply information to our Career Center, or otherwise communicate with Lakeshore.. Lakeshore may use your personal information to process and fulfill your order (including to send you e-mails to confirm your order status and shipment); administer our contests and other promotions; and communicate with you and send you information by e-mail, postal mail, telephone, text message, or other means about our products, services, contests, and promotions. Additionally, your personal information helps us better understand your shopping needs and preferences and provide consistent, personalized services and experiences.. We may share your personal information with carefully selected companies whose offers you may be interested in. We also occasionally obtain names, e-mail addresses, and ...
As more fully detailed below, Lakeshore and Lakeshores business partners obtain and keep personal information when you send us an e-mail, order product, purchase product, sign up for our customer loyalty program(s), supply information to our Career Center, or otherwise communicate with Lakeshore.. Lakeshore may use your personal information to process and fulfill your order (including to send you e-mails to confirm your order status and shipment); administer our contests and other promotions; and communicate with you and send you information by e-mail, postal mail, telephone, text message, or other means about our products, services, contests, and promotions. Additionally, your personal information helps us better understand your shopping needs and preferences and provide consistent, personalized services and experiences.. We may share your personal information with carefully selected companies whose offers you may be interested in. We also occasionally obtain names, e-mail addresses, and ...
In this study, we monitored the response of murine astrocytes and microglia after in vitro exposure to several Trichobilharzia regenti derived stimulants. Apart from its importance as the causative agent of cercarial dermatitis in humans [11], T. regenti is of a high interest just due to neuropathological manifestation of bird and mammalian infections [16]. However, the immune response in the CNS of infected mice has so far been described only by histopathological or immunohistochemical methods [17, 20, 21]. Since tissue inflammation correlating with presence of the parasite and axonal damage was observed in infected mice as early as seven dpi [17], we primarily focused on detection of proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide. These factors are known to be produced by activated astrocytes and microglia and may contribute to pathological processes [26-29].. Trichobilharzia regenti schistosomula appear in the murine CNS as soon as two dpi and persist there up to 3-4 weeks being localized ...
Within the recent resurgence of brachytherapy as treatment for prostate cancer, many new devices have been conceived in the preparation of surgical brachytherapy equipment. Specifically, this work encompasses the automated preparation of preloaded surgical brachytherapy applicators or needles through the loading of radioactive seed elements and benign spacer elements. While traditionally a manual operation, current device methodology in this application revolves around semi-automatic mechanical interaction within the element loading procedure. Mechanical interaction can subject elements to damage, specifically seed elements due to thin metallic construct. Damage to elements within a loading system can result in failure of the performed brachytherapy treatment causing potential harm to the patient. Hesitancy in acceptance of these mechanical separation element loading devices can be attributed to the failure nature of these devices. This work seeks to solve the current issue of element damage ...
Trichobilharzia regenti is a neurotropic bird schistosome, causing cercarial dermatitis in humans. In this study, ZAP cDNA expression library from Radix peregra s. lat. hepatopancreases containing intramolluscan stages of T. regenti was constr...
The terminal phase of the migration of Trichobilharzia regenti Hor k, Kol ov et Dvo k, 1998 in the definitive host (Anas platyrhynchos f. domestica) was studied 12-27 days post infection (p.i.). Brain meninges were the last part of the nerv...
Concomitant immunity is a phenomenon in which a tumour-bearing host is resistant to the growth of an implanted secondary tumour. Metastases are considered to be secondary tumours that develop spontaneously during primary tumour growth, suggesting the involvement of concomitant immunity in controlling the rise of metastases. It has been demonstrated that B-1 cells, a subset of B-lymphocytes found predominantly in pleural and peritoneal cavities, not only increase the metastatic development of murine melanoma B16F10, but also are capable of differentiating into mononuclear phagocytes, modulating inflammatory responses in wound healing, in oral tolerance and in Paracoccidiose brasiliensis infections. Here, we studied B-1 cells participation in concomitant immunity during Ehrlich tumour progression. Our results show that B-1 cells obtained from BALB/c mice previously injected with Ehrlich tumour in the footpad were able to protect BALB/c and BALB/Xid mice against Ehrlich tumour challenge. in ...
Residents of Lakeshore will no longer find fluoride in their tap water.. Town council unanimously decided Monday to stop adding it at the Stoney Point water treatment plant, effective immediately.. Mayor Tom Bain says peoples teeth should be fine.. There is no need for any concern … theres plenty of fluoride in toothpaste.- Tom Bain, Lakeshore mayor. There is no need for any concern. Council had a report from our administrative group that recommended doing that, based on the fact that if youre using toothpaste, theres plenty of fluoride in the toothpaste and in fact there could be health concerns if a person gets too much fluoride, Bain said.. However, Medical Officer of Health Dr. Allen Heimann said fluoride should not be taken out of public water.. I think it would be beneficial for all of the water be fluoridated, he said. It is still recognized as an effective public initiative.. Heimann said fluoride in water is more effective than toothpaste because water is routinely ...
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore [http://www.nps.gov/indu/] is a United States National Lakeshore located in Northwestern Indiana.
CCM Tacks 6052 Shoulder Pads [Junior] | Pure Hockey Equipment: CCM Tacks 6052 Hockey Shoulder Pads - Senior * D30: Smart foam technology with very high level protection - Innovative material designed to react to varying intensities. Soft consistency absorbs low impacts while instant hardening at high energy protects against big impacts * Construction: Anatomical fit with adaptable shoulder system - Fit will adapt to movement preventing the shoulder pads from lifting upward * Caps: Molded foam covered PE caps reinforced with D3O® smart foam - Lightweight and high level of protection * Torso: Removable belly protection - Custom comfort fit and high level of protection * Sternum: Molded floating sternum with PE - Adaptable fit and elite level protection * Liner: Ventilated molded foam armor - Provides cool comfort and enhance breathability
Cardium Therapeutics (OTCBB:CDTP) and its subsidiary InnerCool Therapies announced today that its endovascular temperature modulation technology was featured in the March 2007 issue of Mens Health. The article The Miracle on Ice highlights the benefits of InnerCools Celsius Control System during a cranial bypass surgery performed at Stanford University Medical Center. A copy of the article can be accessed at http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/rms/menh_1-19934755/. A reporter for Mens Health, Mikel Jollett, follows Gary K. Steinberg, M.D., Ph.D., Chairman of Neurosurgery at Stanford University Medical Center, while he performs an intracranial bypass surgery. The patient is cooled to 33 degrees Celsius, or 91.4 degrees Fahrenheit, with InnerCools Celsius Control system providing Dr. Steinberg with the valuable time necessary to bypass the blockages in the brain without causing brain-cell death. The patients underlying condition is Moyamoya disease, a progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused ...
0262] [1] Vaccines. (eds. Plotkin & Orenstein). 4th edition, 2004, ISBN: 0-7216-9688-0. [0263] [2] Dagan et al. (2004) Infect Immun 72:5383-91. [0264] [3] Tejedor et al. (2004) Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:1109-15. [0265] [4] Halperin et al. (2002) Clin Invest Med 25:243-51. [0266] [5] Schmitt et al. (2003) Vaccine 21:3653-62. [0267] [6] Shinefield et al. (1999) Pediatr Infect Dis J. 18:757-63. [0268] [7] Slack et al. (2001) J Infect Dis. 184:1617-20. [0269] [8] Tichmann-Schumann et al. (2005) Pediatr Infect Dis 24:70-77. [0270] [9] WO02/00249. [0271] [10] WO02/080965. [0272] [11] Buttery et al., (2005) JAMA 293:1751-8. [0273] [12] WO99/42130. [0274] [13] Jones (2001) Curr Opin Investig Drugs 2:47-49. [0275] [14] Costantino et al. (1992) Vaccine 10:691-8. [0276] [15] Lieberman et al. (1996) JAMA 275:1499-503. [0277] [16] WO02/058737. [0278] [17] WO03/007985. [0279] [18] Rennels et al. (2002) Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:978-979. [0280] [19] Campbell et al. (2002) J Infect Dis 186:1848-1851. [0281] [20] ...
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Find information about Lakeshore Technical College zoology major. Completion of an accredited nursing program or other medical training can qualify you to start working in a private hospital immediately.
Find info concerning Lakeshore Technical College chemistry department ranking. Given the breadth of engineering specializations, you
Trusted Spasmodic Dysphonia Specialist serving St. Clair Shores, MI & Macomb Township, MI. Visit our website to book an appointment online: Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center
Burlington chiropractor Dr. Heather Norman of Lakeshore Clinic provides safe, effective chiropractic care for the Burlington Ontario area.
A method in one example implementation includes receiving information related to a network access attempt on a first computing device with the information identifying a software program file associated with the network access attempt. The method also includes evaluating a first criterion to determine whether network traffic associated with the software program file is permitted and then creating a restriction rule to block the network traffic if the network traffic is not permitted. The first criterion includes a trust status of the software program file. In specific embodiments, the method includes pushing the restriction rule to a network protection device that intercepts the network traffic associated with the software program file and applies the restriction rule to the network traffic. In more specific embodiments, the method includes searching a whitelist identifying trustworthy software program files to determine the trust status of the software program file.
Balanites_aegyptiaca is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.
The South Australian Minister for Water Ian Hunter says a 12 month scoping study has found the best way to manage salinity in the lower lakes, is by raising and lowering lake levels.
Commercial cycling/Boda Boda injuries constitute a major but neglected emerging public health problem in Kenya and are a common cause of road traffic injuries.
This paper presents a new approach to the improvement of informal settlements through limited physical interventions. The main argument in this research is that the benefits of the transformation of urban fabric should be evaluated by a deeper level of interaction between spatial configuration and socio-economic dynamics. The theoretical foundation of this claim is driven from previous research that indicate the significant role of spatial configuration in the gradual self-improvement of informal settlements. A direct implication of such findings is that limited physical interventions as a design method can be used to facilitate the self improvement of informal settlements by increasing their spatial integration to the whole of the city. Furthermore, the transformation of strategically located unplanned areas can also create a positive impact on the urban areas that surround them.. Download the full paper. ...
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Brown ditch drains wetlands between three parallel ridges of sand dunes near the East Unit of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in Poter County, Indiana. Dune and lacustrine sands form a surficial aquifer that is the source of base flow to the ditch. Profiles established in July and August 1982 show that the average streambed slope of the ditch in the Lakeshore (0.19 percent) is six times that of the upstream east reach in the adjacent town, The Pines (0.03 percent). Although the ditch contains debris and vegetation, the reach in the Lakeshore seems to convey all the base flow it receives. In contrast, the upstream east arm contains several ponded sections where flow is sluggish. Digital model simulations show that dredging to form a uniformly graded streambed and eliminate ponding in the upstream east arm of the ditch south of The Pines could lower the water table 0.2 to 2.0...
There is some debate as to how safe it is to give multiple vaccinations at one time. Similar to the controversy with human vaccinations, there is a percentage of people (both the general public and in the veterinary community) who believe that vaccinations against multiple illnesses at one time can be detrimental to your dogs health. These people believe that puppies immune systems are not matured until 6 months of age. Before this, puppies are protected by their mothers antibodies. A mother dogs antibodies last for varied periods of time depending on the disease and the individual dog. This means that six-week-old puppies receiving the DHPP vaccination may still be protected by their mothers antibodies. Maternal antibodies render a vaccination ineffective because they fight the injected illness rather than promote the development of antibodies in the puppys own body. To be effective, vaccines must be given after maternal antibodies are no longer present in a puppys system so the puppy ...
New research concludes that receiving multiple vaccinations does not increase an infants risk of developing autism. Though, research
This is a multiple vaccination study to find out if it is a safe treatment and what effects it has on the symptoms of early Alzheimers disease in male and female patients aged 50 to 80 years. Approximately 40 study sites in Europe will be involved. Patients will be randomized to receive either AFFITOPE AD02 or placebo. Each patients participation will last 1 year ...
Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics and You - Secret Worlds: The Universe Within - Interactive Java Tutorial: View the Milky Way at 10 million light years from the Earth. Then move through space towards the Earth in successive orders of magnitude until you reach a tall oak tree just outside the buildings of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida. After that, begin to move from the actual size of a leaf into a microscopic world that reveals leaf cell walls, the cell nucleus, chromatin, DNA and finally, into the subatomic universe of electrons and protons ...
The Molecular Expressions website features hundreds of photomicrographs (photographs through the microscope) of everything from superconductors, gemstones, and high-tech materials to ice cream and beer.
The current Molecular Expressions Featured Microscopist is noted photomicrographer Loes Modderman. This page features an image of acetaminophen, a common pharmaceutical also known as paracetamol.
The recognition that the majority of ACS evolve from only mildly to moderately obstructive atherosclerotic plaques led to an appreciation of nonmechanical factors contributing to the clinical manifestations of coronary artery disease.1 2 3 Our finding that an unusual subset of T lymphocytes, CD4+CD28null T cells, is expanded in patients with UA but not in patients with SA suggests that these cells are involved in the acute events complicating otherwise stable and slowly progressive coronary disease. This T-cell population breaks several rules that apply to classic CD4 helper T cells.21 CD4+CD28null T cells contain monoclonal T-cell populations that persist over time at a large clonal size. Sequence homologies of TCR β-chains isolated from clones of multiple patients support the notion that these clones are expanded in response to exogenous antigen(s) common to patients with UA. CD4+CD28null T-cell clonotypes are accumulated in lesions with plaque rupture, suggesting that they are involved in ...
Looking for impulse conduction? Find out information about impulse conduction. transfer of heat heat, nonmechanical energy in transit, associated with differences in temperature between a system and its surroundings or between parts of... Explanation of impulse conduction
Long ago, along the Wisconsin shoreline, a mother bear and her two cubs were driven into Lake Michigan by a raging forest fire. The bears swam for many hours, but eventually the cubs tired and lagged behind. Mother bear reached the shore and climbed to the top of a high bluff to watch and wait for her cubs. Too tired to continue, the cubs drowned within sight of the shore. The Great Spirit Manitou created two islands to mark the spot where the cubs disappeared and then created a solitary dune to represent the faithful mother bear.. ...
It remains difficult to achieve high sustained response rates (SVRs) in chronic hepatitis patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analy
The fee is collected daily from the Friday of Memorial Day weekend through the Monday of Labor Day weekend from 8:00 am to as late as 7:00 pm Central Time. ...
Lakeshore to Downtown (or LTD) Condos is the newest development by Malibu Investments. Malibu is firmly established in Toronto with seven major condo projects including Boutique and Tableau Condominiums ...
Lakeshore Family Chiropractic Health and Wellness is your local Chiropractor in Spring Lake serving all of your needs. Call us today at 616-850-0588 for an appointment.
VPS Lakeshore is a 350 bedded Multi Super Specialty Corporate Hospital with over 35 clinical departments, a team of over 160 full time medical staff, over 700 nursing staff and total employee strength of nearly 1600. The hospital is a centre of medical excellence with an access to land, air & water. It is a best known centre for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy, Endoscopic Ultrasonography, Double Balloon Enteroscopy, Spyglass Cholangiopancreatography and Per- Oral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM) etc. & the first facility in India to handle Liver, Kidney, Pancreas, Intestine, Heart and Bone marrow transplantations under one roof.
The Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery&Liver Transplantation at VPS Lakeshore one of the largest in the country in terms of strength,skill and experience .
Masindi Port is a town in Uganda. Masindi Port is in Kiryandongo District in western Uganda on the western banks of the Victoria Nile, approximately 197 kilometres (122 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, Ugandas capital and largest city. This is approximately 39 kilometres (24 mi), by road, south of Kiryandongo, the district capital. The coordinates of the town are 1°4154.0N, 32°0440.0E (Latitude:1.6983;, 32.0778). Masindi Port was a busy river boat docking station during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Steamboats were a major mode of transport on the Nile River. Because of the Karuma Falls and the Murchison Falls on the Victoria Nile between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert, steamboats could not navigate that part of the Nile. Passengers would travel by boat from Lake Victoria, down the Victoria Nile into Lake Kyoga. They would then disembark at Masindi Port and travel by land to Butiaba, a port on Lake Albert, where they would resume their water journey downstream the Nile. With the ...
Author Summary Schistosomiasis japonica, a chronic human parasitic disease in the Peoples Republic of China, the Philippines and areas of Indonesia, is a zoonosis with over 40 different mammals, including a number of ruminants, that can act as reservoir hosts for the infection. Precise identification of the major infection reservoirs is important for the control of Schistosoma japonicum as their targeted treatment can prevent environmental contamination and transmission of the parasite, thus reducing the risk to humans. Current copro-parasitological techniques are generally unsatisfactory for identifying and quantifying S. japonicum eggs in ruminant feces due to the large volume of cellulosic debris present. The new approach we describe here, the FEA-SD technique, removes much of this material by sieving and centrifugation with ethyl actate and renders any remaining debris transparent by use of a potassium hydroxide (KOH) digestion, providing much improved visualization of eggs, enabling the collection
Wednesday December 12, 2007 Credits Barbara Damon-Day for her determination to spare other military families distress about possible health risks to their loved ones. Washington, D.C. (Wednesday, December 12, 2007)---U.S. Representative Tom Allen announced today that the House-Senate conference report on the defense authorization bill for Fiscal Year 2008 includes his amendment directing the Department of Defense to assess policies governing vaccinations given to military personnel. Representative Allen drafted the amendment in response to concerns about the possibility of serious health impacts from multiple vaccinations raised by one of his constituents, Barbara Damon-Day of Newcastle, Maine. Mrs. Damon-Day has been an outspoken advocate for such a policy assessment since her son, Captain Patrick Damon, died suddenly of undetermined causes in Bagram, Afghanistan during deployment with the 240th Engineer Group of the Maine National Guard. We vaccinate our Armed Forces to protect them from ...
Your patient is a 50 year old Chinese man who is referred to the Gastroenterology Clinic with complaints of worsening abdominal distention. : A Coggle Diagram about Localised (Right upper quadrant, Left upper quadrant, Epigastrium, Umbilical, Right and left lower quadrants and Suprapubic) and Generalised (Non-obstructive causes, Mechanical bowel obstruction and Nonmechanical bowel obstruction)
The State of Michigan Natural Rivers Program mandates certain development restrictions that are specific to the Huron River. The Huron River and its tributaries are public domain, and are subject to public trust protection. The 1970 Michigan Natural Rivers Act (Act 231) designated the stretch of river between Kent Lake Dam and Barton Pond (27.5 miles) as country-scenic river. This Natural Rivers District includes a protected zone of 400 feet on either side of the natural watermark. In this protected zone, development is strictly limited and the natural vegetation strip has been increased. On private lands within the District, zoning also requires extensive building structure and septic system set-backs on both the rivers main stem and the tributaries. In the Natural Rivers District of the Huron River, no new commercial, industrial, or extractive development is permitted within 300 feet of the river or its tributaries.. Huron Natural Rivers District Fact Sheet. ...
A top priority for our Fitness Department and team of trainers is to work connect with our racquet sports members and beyond. If you are playing sports within the club and outside we encourage you to conduct your Mayfair Athletic Analysis. Why? The MAA process is detailed and designed to help answer many of the questions that relate to better sports performance and injury prevention. The process is detailed but passive and provides valuable feedback to the member as to how they can improve in their particular sport or activity by the data that is collected during the assessment process. There is no cost for this assessment and all data collected is emailed to the member for their personal records. To learn more about the process or to book your assessment please contact Fitness Manager Darryl Jinks at: [email protected] ...
UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans ...
Chipster is a five-year-old Black Labrador Retriever/Pit Bull Terrier mix. Hes looking for a family with warm hearts and a comfy couch! Hes a laid back guy, is house and crate trained, and likes kids and...
Sexual size dimorphisms are a common feature in living organisms. The broad horned flour beetle (Gnathocerus cornutus) exhibits a pronounced sexual size dimorphism of the mandibles. It has been shown that enlarged mandibles in males are used in regular fights among males. While this behaviour is well-studied, the developmental basis of exaggerated mandible growth in males is not understood to date. We will apply comparative transcriptomics in combination with a comprehensive developmental characterization of mandible growth to identify key candidate genes involved in this process. Subsequently, candidate genes will be functionally tested via gene knock-down using RNA interference (RNAi). ...
Uganda has bought at least eight fighter jets and other military hardware worth $744 million from Russia as it prepares to start oil production in the Lake Albert region, along its border with restive eastern Congo, government officials said.
There is no guarantee of specific results. Results can vary. All material provided on the DrFuhrman.com website is provided for informational or educational purposes only. Consult a physician regarding the applicability of any opinions or recommendations with respect to your symptoms or medical condition. ...
Digestive physiology is one of the bottlenecks of octopus aquaculture. Although there are successful experimentally formulated feeds, knowledge of the digestive physiology of cephalopods is fragmented, and focused mainly on O. vulgaris. Considering that the digestive physiology could vary in tropical and sub-tropical species through temperature modulations of the digestive dynamics and nutritional requirements of different organisms, the present review was focused on the digestive physiology timing of O. maya and O. mimus, two promising aquaculture species living in tropical (22 - 30°C) and sub-tropical (15 - 24°C) ecosystems, respectively. We provide a detailed description of how soluble and complex nutrients are digested, absorbed and assimilated in these species, describing the digestive process and providing insight into how the environment can modulate the digestion and final use of nutrients for these and presumably other octopus species. To date, research on these octopus species has
668 Index `Fallow Years, -MB 456 Plate XLVII; Galtons love of sketching, I 94, 95, 132, 133, 135; sketches by Galton, of Bishops Gateway at Liege, I 94 Plate XLIX, of his rooms at Trinity College, I 150 Plate LI, IIIB 453 Plate XLIII, of Ely Cathedral and of Kings College Chapel, I 167 Plate - LII, of last meeting, of Caseo-Tostic Club, I 181 Plate LIV, of Emma Galton and Julia Hallam, I 180 Plate LIII, of corona and brushes, of total eclipse in Spain, 11 910; from Galtons Egyptian sketchbook, Bob and Ibrahim, IIIB 454 Plate XLIV, of Ali from Galtons Syrian sketchbook, IIIB 454 Plate XLV; from Galtons South African Diaries, Nangoro, I : 59 Plate XXXVIII, 1237 Plate LVIII, Ovampos and Omutchikota (Otchikoto?), I 216 Plate LVII, of lion-trap and pencil snapshots, I 215 Plate LVI, of Jonker. Afrikaner walking off with Galtons code of `laws, 1226 Plate LVIII, of Galtons favourite hack in Damaraland, 1237 Plate LIX Skewness, in the frequency distributions of sociological phenomena, 11 228 ...
Within snails, the miricidium develops into a cercaria. The cercariae eventually leave the snail and infect the second ...
Each cercaria has a biforked tail with which it swims to find a human host. Again the cercariae are short lived and can survive ... After a month, the sporocysts rupture and cercariae are liberated. Free cercariae penetrate the liver and move out of the snail ... Each daughter sporocyst forms new larvae called cercariae. One mother sporocyst produces half a million cercariae. ... Mohammed, A.S. (1931). "The secretory glands of the cercariae of S. Haematobium and S. Mansoni from Egypt". Annals of Tropical ...
The sporocysts then produce cercariae. The cercariae then leave the snail and infect the tadpole via penetration where a non- ...
Soparkar, M. B. (1924). A new cercaria from northern India Cercaria patialensis nov. spec. Indian Journal of Medical Research, ...
Cercariae of F. hepatica in a snail and flukes infecting sheep were first observed in 1379 by Jehan De Brie. The life cycle and ... The cercariae then develop into metacercarial cysts. When these cysts are ingested along with the aquatic plants by a mammalian ... The miracidia then infect gastropod intermediate hosts and develop into cercariae, which erupt from the body of the snail host ... cercaria, metacercaria, and adult fluke. The eggs are passed in the feces of mammalian hosts and, if they enter freshwater, the ...
The cercaria penetrates the skin and dies in the skin immediately. The cercariae cannot infect humans, but they cause an ... the cercaria. Cercariae use a tail-like appendage (often forked in genera causing swimmer's itch) to swim to the surface of the ... Some laboratory evidence indicates snails shed cercariae most intensely in the morning and on sunny days, and exposure to water ... Onshore winds are thought to cause cercariae to accumulate along shorelines. Studies of infested lakes and outbreaks in Europe ...
... cercariae) which have previously been released from the snail. Infection occurs via penetration of cercariae through the skin.[ ...
In the snail the parasite undergoes several developmental stages (sporocysts, rediae, and cercariae). The cercariae are ...
Once the cercaria penetrates the skin of the host it loses its tail and becomes a schistosomule. The worms then migrate through ... After the asexual reproduction stage cercaria (another free-swimming larva) are generated in large quantities, which then leave ... "Dimethicone barrier cream prevents infection of human skin by schistosome cercariae: evidence from Franz cell studies". The ...
Within the sporocyst, the cercariae existed within a wide range of developmental stages, indicating that its development is ... Released from the infected mussels, cercariae attach to fish (second intermediate host), encyst, and transforms into ... from its cercaria. Von Siebold (1848) believed that the adult bucephalid he named Gasterostomum fimbriatum represented an adult ... that eventually release cercariae. Unlike most digenetic trematodes, Bucephalus Polymorphus lacks a redial stage and thus ...
The cercariae cycle from the top of the water to the bottom in search of a host. They can enter the host epithelium within ... The cercariae enter the host's blood stream, and travel to the liver to mature into adult flukes. Adult flukes can coat ... and Planorbarius sp.). In water, its free swimming infective larval cercariae can burrow into the skin of its definite host, ... hundreds to thousands of cercariae of the same sex begin to be released through special areas of the sporocyst wall. ...
Ukong S., Krailas D., Dangprasert T. & Channgarm P. (2007). "Studies on the morphology of cercariae obtained from freshwater ...
The water quality is generally good, but tiny parasitic worms called cercaria live in the lake, which can cause cercarial ...
Cercariae can also indirectly infect the fish, if the fish eat the cercariae orally. Metacercariae: The cercariae lose their ... Cercariae: The cercariae measure 0.31 mm to 0.47 mm by 0.03 mm to 0.15 mm and live up to 48 hours in water. They have a ... Rediae can range from 0.45 mm to 3 mm, and the larger rediae can contain up to 76 cercariae. Rediae and cercariae are found in ... and that mature cercariae infected snails in a seasonal manner. Mature cercariae were more likely to infect snails in late ...
Stephanostomum-like cercariae from Australia: Cercaria capricornia VII Nassarius olivaceus (Bruguière, 1789). Retrieved through ... "Two new Stephanostomum-like cercariae (Digenea: Acanthocolpidae) from Nassarius dorsatus and N. olivaceus (Gastropoda: ...
Apart from, e.g., rotifers and algae, cercariae and miracidiae (two types of trematode larvae) are also among its food items. ...
In its native Eurasian habitat, the faucet snail is host to many different species of digeneans, cercariae, metacercariae, ...
Schistosoma larvae (cercariae), namely of Schistosoma haematobium, enter and develop inside the Biomphlaria, to form miracidium ...
The first potential reaction is an itchy, papular rash[16]:432 that results from cercariae penetrating the skin, often in a ... The manifestations of schistosomal infection vary over time as the cercariae, and later adult worms and their eggs, migrate ... reaction can also be caused by cercariae from animal trematodes that often infect birds.[14][19] ...
N. aperta infected release on 42 cercaria per day, far lower than other Schistosomes.[3] ...
... that can infect humans and other mammals when cercaria are released from the snail and eventually get in contact with the ...
... production of cercariae (which are passed on to the final host, a fish) decreased. This is in line with the bet hedging ...
... pages 199-210 The influence of temperature on the survival and infectivity of the cercariae of Echinoparyphium recurvatum ( ...
A cercaria (plural cercariae) is the larval form of the parasite Trematode. It develops within the germinal cells of the ... A cercaria has a tapering head with large penetration glands. It may or may not have a long swimming "tail", depending on the ... The motile cercaria finds and settles in a host where it will become either an adult, or a mesocercaria, or a metacercaria, ... Rotifers (Rotaria rotatoria) produce a chemical, Schistosome Paralysis Factor, suppressing cercaria swimming and reducing ...
... the eggs hatch in fresh water where they infect a ram's horn snail in which they multiply and produce cercariae, which exit and ...
A cercaria (plural cercariae) is the larval form of the parasite Trematode. It develops within the germinal cells of the ... A cercaria has a tapering head with large penetration glands. It may or may not have a long swimming "tail", depending on the ... The motile cercaria finds and settles in a host where it will become either an adult, or a mesocercaria, or a metacercaria, ... Rotifers (Rotaria rotatoria) produce a chemical, Schistosome Paralysis Factor, suppressing cercaria swimming and reducing ...
3.2.3. Longifurcate-Pharyngeate Distome Cercariae (Strigea Cercariae). The presence of fork-tailed cercariae (Figure 3: (5)-(6 ... Three distinct cercariae were identified, namely, echinostome, longifurcate-pharyngeate distome cercariae (Strigea cercariae), ... The emerging cercaria was twice as long as the typical cercaria of Schistosoma japonicum. Its head measured an average of 41 ± ... 3.2.1. Echinostome Cercariae. The echinostome type of cercariae was found in 26.4% of the 750 snails studied and was the most ...
Comparative photobehavior of marine cercariae with differing secondary host preferences.(Report) by The Biological Bulletin; ... we compared speed of movement for dark-adapted cercariae with the speed of cercariae that were anesthetized. Cercariae were ... Like most marine cercariae, Euhaplorchis cercariae are short-lived, living no more than 24 h after emerging from an infected ... Cercariae of the genus Euhaplorchis (Hetero-phyidae) infect estuarine fishes (Martin, 1950). For example, cercariae of E. ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cercaria of the parasitic fluke Schistosoma mansoni, cause of the disease ... bilharzia (schistosomiasis). The cercariae live in lakes and rivers, and penetrate the skin of humans in the water. They mature ... Caption: Parasite cercaria. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cercaria of the parasitic fluke Schistosoma ... Keywords: animal, bilharzia, cercaria, flatworm, invertebrate, invertebrates, nature, parasite, platyhelminthes, schistosoma ...
An evaluation of this method for mice immunized with highly X-irradiated cercariae ofSchistosoma mansoni was made. The results ... Our conclusion is that for measuring the immunizing effect of irradiated cercariae, the lung recovery method is not suitable ... Evaluation of lung recovery assay for schistosomula in mice immunized with X-irradiated cercariae ofSchistosoma mansoni. ... Histopathological study of lesions elicited in rhesus monkeys during immunization and challenge with cercariae ofSchistosoma ...
No mitoses in germinal mass were evident although apparent production of the cercariae embryos by the sporocysts take place. ... and carry out its compartmentalisation by formation of the chambers around developing and disintegrating embryos of cercariae. ... AbstractMorphology of the daughter sporocysts of Cercaria etgesii Shchenkov, 2017 (Pleurogenidae) has been described according ... The morphology of Cercaria cerastodermae I nom. nov. (Monorchiidae) (=Cercaria lepidapedon rachion (Cobbold, 1858) sensu Lebour ...
In the rivers and stream studied, the peak of cercarial abundance was found to occur between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. Few cercariae ... On the basis of these experiments, the hazard of exposure to cercariae in Puerto Rican waters is considered to be from 20 to ... were present in the water before 9 a.m. or after 4 p.m. In a heavily infested pond, cercariae appeared at 10 a.m. and their ... Summary The density of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae in Puerto Rican waters was found to undergo a marked daily fluctuation. ...
Cercarial shedding of Echinostoma cinetorchis and experimental infection of the cercariae to several kinds of snails]. Download ... About 58.3% of the above snails (7 out of 12) were dead before shedding the cercariae, and the remainder shed the cercariae for ... About 58.3% of the above snails (7 out of 12) were dead before shedding the cercariae, and the remainder shed the cercariae for ... The cercariae shed from the snails were again exposed to several species of fresh water snails in order to observe ...
Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, ... Summary An attempt to label the cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum with radioactive iron (Fe59) gave encouraging results. ... A Report on the Labeling of Schistosoma Japonicum Cercariae with Radioiron * B. de la Cruz, T. P. Pesigan, T. C. Banzon, J. ... Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, ...
Studies with cercariae attenuated by different treatments established that a link exists between the recruitment of leukocytes ... Mice exposed to cercariae attenuated with 20 krad gamma-radiation developed stronger and more persistent pulmonary leukocytic ... Animals exposed to irradiated cercariae of S. mansoni were resistant to homologous challenge infection but were not protected ... Pulmonary leukocytic responses are linked to the acquired immunity of mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma ...
These cercariae reach the subcutaneous tissue within one hour after exposure, and some migrate to the lungs. Between 46 and 97 ... The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South Africa. Login ... The ability of the cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp., the commonest avian schistosome in South Africa, to cause dermatitis in ... The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae) from South Africa. Appleton ...
... the cercariae became entangled with the host via mucoid strands arising from the cercariae. Within 3 hr, most cercariae were ... Infection by Paragonimus miyazakii Cercariae of Their Crab Hosts, Geothelphusa dehaani, by Percutaneous Penetration J. Gyoten J ... That the cercariae were not ingested by the crabs but penetrated the crabs percutaneously (through hard as well as soft tissue ... The behavior of P. miyazakii cercariae released from snails into water and in the presence of a living host or a whole crab leg ...
These tegumentary folds may serve to protect the duct apertures during the free swimming period of the cercaria. During ... The ultrastructure of the oral sucker of the cercaria of Schistosoma mansoni was investigated using stereoscan and transmission ... Nervous system ofSchistosoma mansoni cercaria: Organization and fine structure. *Carolyn E. Cousin, Charles H. Dorsey ... Scanning Electron Microscopical Studies on Schistosoma mansoni cercariae Exposed to Ultraviolet Irradiation. *Saad M. Bin Dajem ...
Within snails, the miricidium develops into a cercaria. The cercariae eventually leave the snail and infect the second ...
Logistic regression model based on identification prediction using the final version of the MALDI-TOF cercariae database ...
Judul: Re:Cognitive-genital principle eliminates cercariae needs?. Ditulis oleh: ufulugu pada 12 Maret 2020, 01:55:32 ... Judul: Re:Cognitive-genital principle eliminates cercariae needs?. Ditulis oleh: ezmiloc pada 13 Maret 2020, 14:01:45 ... Judul: Re:Cognitive-genital principle eliminates cercariae needs?. Ditulis oleh: loqicaeviy pada 13 Maret 2020, 17:02:25 ... Judul: Re:Cognitive-genital principle eliminates cercariae needs?. Ditulis oleh: adeujiazviwu pada 20 Maret 2020, 09:23:01 ...
Superficial structures and musculature of cercariae.(A and B) Actin-rich spines and sensory cilia. (A) Anterior region of the ... Mentions: Cercaria are covered by a sugar-rich layer, called the glycocalyx, that sits upon the tegument, a modified syncytial ... Mentions: Cercaria are covered by a sugar-rich layer, called the glycocalyx, that sits upon the tegument, a modified syncytial ... Whole cercaria image represents a maximum projection derived from tiled stacks. Insets are magnified views of the indicated ...
cercariae in Helisoma anceps. Zimmermann, Michael R. / Luth, Kyle E. / Esch, Gerald W. ...
A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae. File. Description. Size. Format. ... A protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae. Authors: Webb, AJ. Kelwick, R. Doenhoff, MJ. Kylilis, N ... whole file 9_3_16 revised-webb et al-a protease-based biosensor for the detection of schistosome cercariae.pdf. Accepted ...
Cercaria; 9. Metacercaria; 10. Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 5. Human Lice and Their Management; 1. ...
cercariae ). Cercariae are released from the snail and penetrate freshwater fish (second intermediate host), encysting as ...
cercariae ). Cercariae are released from the snail and penetrate freshwater fish (second intermediate host), encysting as ...
DEVELOPMENT OF CERCARIA MACROSTOMA FAUST INTO PROTEROMETRA (NOV. GEN.) MACROSTOMA. By Margery W. Horsfall ...
cercaria. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0005513. A usually tadpole-shaped larval trematode worm that develops in a ...
Cercaria. 1. Mbane, Senegal. 2015. MN593391-4. S. mansoni. Cercaria. 4. Temeye, Senegal. 2016. MN593395-402. ...
Superior candidates were applied to mice tails, allowed to dry and exposed to schistosome cercariae shed from infected snails. ... Superior candidate formulations prevented cercariae penetration within the limits of the test performed. Human longevity of the ... is to develop a cosmetically acceptable topical film forming lotion that will prevent the penetration of schistosome cercaria. ... Superior candidates were applied to mice tails, allowed to dry and exposed to schistosome cercariae shed from infected snails. ...
Cercariae penetrate via the skin and gills (Hoglund, 1991). Exposure to massive numbers of cercariae may kill fry within a few ... Cercariae may also have locomotive devices; a tail, in some forked, fins (the forked-tailed cercariae of sanguinicoliids also ... K. Cercaria of heterophyiid. L. Head of Phagicola italica. M. Head of Centrocestus spp. N. Head of echinostomatid metacercaria ... Cercariae are fork tailed with a dorso-median fin fold (similar to that seen in sanguinicolid cercariae). ...
Similarly, daughter redia are continually de- veloping cercaria.4 Cercaria Have a tail, use it to exit from snail and swim to a ... 6 Again, I am simplifying the Latin cercaria (singular) and cercar-iae (plural) to one case. 6 ... The cercaria only need to find a place to attach. After they glue themselves to your tissue, their tails disappear and they be ... 8 Cercaria the winter. Does the presence of the solvent isopropyl alcohol inyour body dissolve this tough shell? That would ...
P. subtenuis (Linton, 1907) Hanson, 1950], and description of Cercaria adranocerca n. sp. Biol. Bull., 116, 184-193.Google ... Uzmann, J. R. (1953). Cercaria milfordensis nov. sp., a microcercous trematode larva from the marine bivalve, Mytilus edulis L ... and cercariae infect the fish. Members of the genus Proctoeces, however, have an unusual abbreviated life cycle (termed ...
  • The cercariae shed from the snails were again exposed to several species of fresh water snails in order to observe metacercarial formation in the snails and their infectivity to final hosts. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • About 58.3% of the above snails (7 out of 12) were dead before shedding the cercariae, and the remainder shed the cercariae for a period of 7 to 9 days before death. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The behavior of P. miyazakii cercariae released from snails into water and in the presence of a living host or a whole crab leg was observed by stereoscopic or light microscopy at various times after exposure started. (allenpress.com)
  • That the cercariae were not ingested by the crabs but penetrated the crabs percutaneously (through hard as well as soft tissue) means that transmission can occur even in areas in which crabs and the host snails do not coexist, as they would if the usual route were oral (when the crabs ate infected snails). (allenpress.com)
  • Within snails, the miricidium develops into a cercaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Superior candidates were applied to mice tails, allowed to dry and exposed to schistosome cercariae shed from infected snails. (dtic.mil)
  • L. planaxis snails collected along the rocky shores of southern California released schistosome cercariae that caused dermatitis in experimentally exposed human volunteers. (cdc.gov)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Preliminary report on new cercariae from Bellamya and Pila snails in Peninsular Malaysia. (who.int)
  • Some laboratory evidence indicates snails shed cercariae most intensely in the morning and on sunny days, and exposure to water in these conditions may therefore increase risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schistosomes seek out freshwater snails as hosts in order to produce millions of tiny fork-tailed creatures called cercaria, which are then unleashed in the water and seek out mammals to infect. (eurekalert.org)
  • The story started nearly 40 years ago, when a 1981 paper by Margaret Stirewalt and Fred Lewis of the Biomedical Research Institute in Rockville, Maryland, described the intriguing fact that tiny aquatic creatures called rotifers also live on these snails and release a chemical compound that paralyzes schistosome cercariae on contact. (eurekalert.org)
  • Cercariae are released from infected snails which are the intermediate host. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Miracidia infect freshwater snails, and complete the cycle by releasing cercariae. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Ismael and Saliba (1985) isolated a gymnocephalous cercaria from Melanoides tuberculata snails in the same oasis, identified as P. gralli ( Ismael and Issa 1987 ). (scielo.sa.cr)
  • These snails were later transferred to an aquarium, and 15 days post-infection, they were transferred to bowls and examined every morning for the emergence of cercariae. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Two snails produced cercariae of P. gralli after 83 days of infection and formed cysts at the bottom of the bowl. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Miracidia mature within snails and produce free-swimming cercariae, which either reinfect birds or infect humans. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Freshwater snails become infested with the miracidium, which multiply inside the snail and mature into multiple cercariae that the snail ejects into the water. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This report is the first quantitative study of photosensory stimulus-response relationships in schistosome cercariae. (osti.gov)
  • After infecting a snail, it develops into a mother sporocyst, which in turn undergoes asexual reproduction, yielding large numbers of daughter sporocysts, which asexually produce another short-lived, free-living stage, the cercaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • These miracidia develop through sporocyst and rediae stages into cercariae. (medscape.com)
  • Once at the hepatopancreas, germ cells within the secondary sporocyst begin to divide again, this time producing thousands of new parasites, free-swimming larvae known as cercariae, which are the larvae capable of infecting mammals. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Descriptions of the miracidium, mother redia, daughter redia, grandaughter redia, cercaria, metacercaria and adult stages of Philophthalmus gralli Mathis and Leger,1910 recovered from experimental infections are presented. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Unlike mature cercariae of S. mansoni and S. haematobium that suspend evenly in water after shedding from the snail intermediate hosts, more than 98% of the mature cercaria of S. japonicum float on the water surface [ 26 , 27 ], which provides the possibility and feasibility for killing S. japonicum cercaria on the surface of the water. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge this is the first study that attempts to provide insight in the human dermal S. mansoni cercariae invasion and subsequent immune responses comparing non-attenuated with RA parasites. (figshare.com)
  • This initial understanding of the dermal immune suppressive capacity of S. mansoni cercariae in humans provides a first step toward the development of an effective schistosome vaccine. (figshare.com)
  • 2004). Like other lecithotrophic larvae of marine invertebrates, cercariae experience an abbreviated dispersal phase before recruiting to their next habitat (i.e., secondary-host) (Zimmer et al 2009). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 6 ]). Free-swimming larvae ( cercariae ) penetrate the skin and reach the bloodstream where they develop into adult worms. (mdpi.com)
  • Free-swimming larvae (called cercariae) of blood flukes penetrate the human skin directly. (britannica.com)
  • 2. Biology and behavior of free-living larvae (cercariae) of trematodes circulating in the coastal ecosystems of the northern seas. (zin.ru)
  • This cercaria-killing method, as an emergency-treatment intervention for infested water, can be applied in those forecasting and early warning systems for schistosomiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A cercaria (plural cercariae) is the larval form of the parasite Trematode. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exact role of light as a controlling, initiating, or orienting factor for cercariae in marine and freshwater systems still remains unclear, and the existence of analogous photobehavioral responses in parasite species utilizing hosts in different microhabitats has not been well-studied in the marine environment. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Parasite cercaria. (sciencephoto.com)
  • All five species are contracted in the same way, through direct contact with fresh water infested with the free-living form of the parasite known as cercariae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Morphology of the daughter sporocysts of Cercaria etgesii Shchenkov, 2017 (Pleurogenidae) has been described according to conventional histological techniques and subsequent 3D reconstruction with Bitplanelmaris® software. (degruyter.com)
  • No mitoses in germinal mass were evident although apparent production of the cercariae embryos by the sporocysts take place. (degruyter.com)
  • The only detailed morphological research is the TEM description of the body wall organization of Cercaria helvetica XII (Lecithodendriidae) daughter sporocysts by Reader (1975) . (degruyter.com)
  • Members of the family Fellodistomatidae, like other digenetic trematodes, normally have a life cycle in which a fish hosts the adult worm, sporocysts mature in bivalve mollusks, and cercariae infect the fish. (springer.com)
  • Larval forms of this trematode (mother sporocysts, rediae and cercariae) were found in the gonads and digestive gland of Clypeomorus clypeomorus (Gastropoda: Cerithiidae), a common snail in the same lagoon. (cambridge.org)
  • We study the dynamics of the demographic composition of groups of sporocysts and rediae and the seasonal production of cercariae. (zin.ru)
  • We found that production of cercariae by parthenites (sporocysts and rediae) stops in the cold period and resumes only when the water temperature rises in spring. (zin.ru)
  • For example, free-swimming cercariae (Trematoda) perceive and respond to exogenous factors such as light, temperature, salinity, host-derived chemicals. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The motile cercaria finds and settles in a host where it will become either an adult, or a mesocercaria, or a metacercaria, according to species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identification of cercariae was long based on morphological and morphometric features, but these approaches remain difficult to implement and require skills that have now become rare. (parasite-journal.org)
  • We propose a new approach for the identification of cercariae using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. (parasite-journal.org)
  • Adult flukes from cercariae that were exposed to radioactive solutions with total activities of 2.4 µc, 0.9 µc and 0.1 µc, respectively, for 6 hours definitely produced images in 30 to 42 days on photographic films by autoradiography. (ajtmh.org)
  • The cercariae live in lakes and rivers, and penetrate the skin of humans in the water. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Swimmer's itch occurs when free-swimming cercariae penetrate the skin of humans (incidental host) and cause an allergic skin reaction (types I and IV hypersensitivity). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Young cercariae are highly motile, alternating between vigorous upward movement and sinking to maintain their position in the water. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Light and temperature interaction of factors determined the intensity of emergence of cercariae of Himasthla elongata (Digenea, Himasthlidae). (zin.ru)
  • Although vaccination with irradiated cercariae also stimulated T cell responses of greater magnitude and duration than normal infection, the lymphocytic infiltrate elicited by each regimen did not differ substantially in its composition, 5 wk after exposure. (jimmunol.org)
  • Duration of swimming is positively correlated with increased risk of infection in Europe and North America, and shallow inshore waters may harbour higher densities of cercariae than open waters offshore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection occurs through contact with cercariae-infested freshwater. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • The use of irradiated cercariae for vaccination is the best animal model described hitherto, leading to up to 90% protection against challenge infection ( 25 ). (asm.org)
  • In the complex life cycle of a digenetic trematode, the cercaria larva is shed from a snail intermediate host and represents a short-lived, aquatic transfer stage to the next host. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The cycle was completed in about 26 weeks and followed one of the three known patterns of lepocreadiid life cycles, and except for the gymnocephalus cercariae, the other larval stages are very similar to those of lepocreadiids. (cambridge.org)
  • Methods were developed for the cost effective and rapid processing and microsatellite analysis of S. haematobium larval stages stored on Whatman-FTA cards and proved robust on miracidia and cercariae collected from Zanzibar and Niger. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Logistic regression model based on identification prediction using the final version of the MALDI-TOF cercariae database compared to molecular identification. (parasite-journal.org)
  • Une valeur seuil de LSV à 1,7 a permis l'identification de cercaires en MALDI-TOF sans faux-positif, mais davantage de données sur les espèces étroitement apparentées sont nécessaires pour valider ce seuil. (parasite-journal.org)
  • The penetration of mammalian skin by cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (up.ac.za)
  • The ability of the cercariae of Trichobilharzia sp. (up.ac.za)
  • The cercariae they emitted ( Trichobilharzia anseri , Diplostomum pseudospathaceum , Alaria alata , Echinostoma revolutum , Petasiger phalacrocoracis , Tylodelphys sp. (parasite-journal.org)
  • It is an abundant protein in the cercariae and schistosomula and is very scarce in the adult worm. (asm.org)
  • Mice exposed to cercariae attenuated with 20 krad gamma-radiation developed stronger and more persistent pulmonary leukocytic responses than animals exposed to equal numbers of normal parasites. (jimmunol.org)
  • Cercarial dermatitis (swimmer's itch) is caused by the penetration of human skin by cercariae of schistosome parasites that develop in and are released from snail hosts. (cdc.gov)
  • On the basis of these experiments, the hazard of exposure to cercariae in Puerto Rican waters is considered to be from 20 to 100-fold less between the hours of 5 a.m. and 9 a.m. than at most other times of the day. (ajtmh.org)
  • These cercariae reach the subcutaneous tissue within one hour after exposure, and some migrate to the lungs. (up.ac.za)
  • Crabs examined 102-149 days after exposure to the cercariae contained fully developed metacercariae. (allenpress.com)
  • While murine experiments have indicated that exposure to radiation-attenuated (RA) cercariae can generate protective immunity which is initiated in the skin stage, contrasting non-attenuated cercariae, such data is missing for the human model. (figshare.com)
  • Mature cercariae then emerge from the snail into freshwater, burrow through the epidermis of mammalian hosts, migrate to species-specific niches in the host vascular system, develop to adulthood, and begin to reproduce sexually, thereby completing the life cycle. (elifesciences.org)
  • A cercaria has a tapering head with large penetration glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morphological characteristics and measurements of Plagiorchis mutationis Panova, 1927 cercaria found for the first time in the intermediate host, pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis in Ukraine are given. (sciendo.com)
  • For marine cercariae that utilize fish as their second intermediate host, light may stimulate their ascent as they are released from benthic molluscs, their first intermediate host. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In contrast, light, gravitational, or other cues may stimulate other cercariae to swim downward to increase their contact with benthic intermediate hosts such as crabs (e.g. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The cercariae eventually leave the snail and infect the second intermediate host, crustaceans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cercariae emerge and invade the second intermediate host (ie, a crustacean such as crabs or crayfish), in which they become metacercariae. (medscape.com)
  • This species has not been reported so far in Venezuela and this is the first natural occurrence of cercariae of P. gralli in a freshwater mollusc, M. tuberculata, from Aguasanta and Yaguaracal, Sucre State, Venezuela. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Among the studied species of trematodes found cold- and warm-loving forms, in which the release of cercariae block at lower and higher water temperatures, respectively. (zin.ru)
  • Studies with cercariae attenuated by different treatments established that a link exists between the recruitment of leukocytes to the lungs of vaccinated mice and resistance to reinfection. (jimmunol.org)
  • The Effects Of Temperature And Type Of Mouse Bedding On The Infectivity Of Human Schistosome Type Cercariae In Mice with abstract, chapters 1-5, references, and questionnaire. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • In another experiment, freshly emerged cercariae were stored at constant temperature (5°C) for 3,6,12 and 24 hour periods after which they were slowly warmed to 25 ± 1°C and used to infect four batches of mice, the batches corresponding with the four periods of storage. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • A fifth batch of mice was infected with freshly emerged cercariae and served as the infected control while a sixth batch served as an uninfected control. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • It was found that infectivity of cercariae to mice maintained on shredded paper was higher than to mice on sawdust bedding. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • Further, she showed that cercaria exposed to SPF were unable to infect mice. (eurekalert.org)
  • The cercariae cannot infect humans, but they cause an inflammatory immune reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, we examined the photoresponses of two species of marine cercariae that utilize different secondary hosts. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Within the snail host, the larvas develop and reproduce for over 32 weeks in this species of schistosome before emerging as developed cercariae (9). (stanford.edu)
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of a suspension concentrate of niclosamide (SCN) on killing cercaria of S. japonicum that float on the water surface, and its toxicity to fish, so as to establish an emergency-treatment intervention for rapidly killing cercaria and eliminating water infectivity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Infectivity of cercariae at 5°C was zero. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • The results showed an inverse relationship between infectivity of cercariae and duration of storage. (eduprojecttopics.com)
  • Two general experiments will be conducted with the unusually large cercaria of Proterometra macrostoma. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Successful transmission depends on encountering a host within a limited time frame as most cercariae have life spans of 24 h or less (Holliman, 1961). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Since murine skin does not form a reliable marker for immune responses in human skin, we used human skin explants to study the interaction with non-attenuated and RA cercariae with dermal innate antigen presenting cells (APCs) and the subsequent immunological responses. (figshare.com)
  • Emerging cercariae were described and characterized using photo-referencing and standardized keys. (hindawi.com)
  • Emerging cercariae encysted and preferably stayed at the bottom of the container. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Ten were infected with cercariae of P. gralli, which were maintained in separate glass bowls in dechlorinated water, and exposed to artificial lighting (tungsten tube light) to stimulate shedding of cercariae. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Cercariae emerge daily from the snail host in a circadian rhythm, dependent on ambient temperature and light. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Comparative photobehavior of marine cercariae with differing secondary host preferences. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • On encountering a crab leg or cheliped, the cercariae became entangled with the host via mucoid strands arising from the cercariae. (allenpress.com)
  • Snail infections culminate in asexual production of numerous cercariae, which are regularly released into the water where they seek to penetrate the skin of a definitive vertebrate host. (cdc.gov)
  • The life cycle begins as cercariae infect birds (definitive host), maturing into adult worms within blood vessels. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • We study the nature of the motor activity of cercariae, especially their respiration at different periods of life, the age dynamics of the invasive ability, the daily and long-term rhythm of emission of cercariae from the host mollusk at different temperatures. (zin.ru)
  • The cercariae, which survive outside a host for 48 hours, quickly penetrate unbroken skin, the lining of the mouth, or the gastrointestinal tract. (thefreedictionary.com)