Ceratitis capitata: A species of fruit fly originating in sub-Saharan Africa but widely distributed worldwide. One of the most destructive fruit pests, its larvae feed and develop on many different fruits and some vegetables.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Tephritidae: A large family of fruit flies in the order DIPTERA, comprising over 4,500 species in about 100 genera. They have patterned wings and brightly colored bodies and are found predominantly in the tropical latitudes.Drosophilidae: A family of the order DIPTERA. These flies are generally found around decaying vegetation and fruit. Several species, because of their short life span, giant salivary gland chromosomes, and ease of culturing, have been used extensively in studies of heredity.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Period Circadian Proteins: Circadian rhythm signaling proteins that influence circadian clock by interacting with other circadian regulatory proteins and transporting them into the CELL NUCLEUS.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.CLOCK Proteins: Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain-containing proteins that contain intrinsic HISTONE ACETYLTRANSFERASE activity and play important roles in CIRCADIAN RHYTHM regulation. Clock proteins combine with Arntl proteins to form heterodimeric transcription factors that are specific for E-BOX ELEMENTS and stimulate the transcription of several E-box genes that are involved in cyclical regulation. This transcriptional activation also sets into motion a time-dependent feedback loop which in turn down-regulates the expression of clock proteins.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Houseflies: Flies of the species Musca domestica (family MUSCIDAE), which infest human habitations throughout the world and often act as carriers of pathogenic organisms.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Brunner Glands: The abundant submucosal mucous glands in the DUODENUM. These glands secrete BICARBONATE IONS; GLYCOPROTEINS; and PEPSINOGEN II.Geranium: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.Hymenoptera: An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Flame Ionization: Pyrolysis of organic compounds at the temperature of a hydrogen-air flame to produce ionic intermediates which can be collected and the resulting ion current measured by gas chromatography.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Citrus sinensis: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.Citrus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Synephrine: Sympathetic alpha-adrenergic agonist with actions like PHENYLEPHRINE. It is used as a vasoconstrictor in circulatory failure, asthma, nasal congestion, and glaucoma.Acridine Orange: A cationic cytochemical stain specific for cell nuclei, especially DNA. It is used as a supravital stain and in fluorescence cytochemistry. It may cause mutations in microorganisms.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Biological Control Agents: Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.Pupa: An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.Erwinia amylovora: A species of gram-negative bacteria, in the genus ERWINIA, causing a necrotic disease of plants.Pyrus: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.Malus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.Rosaceae: The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.Erwinia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are associated with plants as pathogens, saprophytes, or as constituents of the epiphytic flora.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Device Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.United StatesLegislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Mite Infestations: Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.Solid Phase Microextraction: A solventless sample preparation method, invented in 1989, that uses a fused silica fiber which is coated with a stationary phase. It is used for sample cleanup before using other analytical methods.Phyllachorales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by stromatic perithecial forms in most species. Notable genera are Magnaporthe and Glomerella, the latter having the anamorph (mitosporic form) COLLETOTRICHUM.Liquid Phase Microextraction: Miniaturized methods of liquid-liquid extraction.

Evolution and phylogeny of insect endogenous retroviruses. (1/60)

BACKGROUND: The genome of invertebrates is rich in retroelements which are structurally reminiscent of the retroviruses of vertebrates. Those containing three open reading frames (ORFs), including an env-like gene, may well be considered as endogenous retroviruses. Further support to this similarity has been provided by the ability of the env-like gene of DmeGypV (the Gypsy endogenous retrovirus of Drosophila melanogaster) to promote infection of Drosophila cells by a pseudotyped vertebrate retrovirus vector. RESULTS: To gain insights into their evolutionary story, a sample of thirteen insect endogenous retroviruses, which represents the largest sample analysed until now, was studied by computer-assisted comparison of the translated products of their gag, pol and env genes, as well as their LTR structural features. We found that the three phylogenetic trees based respectively on Gag, Pol and Env common motifs are congruent, which suggest a monophyletic origin for these elements. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that most of the insect endogenous retroviruses belong to a major clade group which can be further divided into two main subgroups which also differ by the sequence of their primer binding sites (PBS). We propose to name IERV-K and IERV-S these two major subgroups of Insect Endogenous Retro Viruses (or Insect ERrantiVirus, according to the ICTV nomenclature) which respectively use Lys and Ser tRNAs to prime reverse transcription.  (+info)

Supine behaviour predicts the time to death in male Mediterranean fruitflies (Ceratitis capitata). (2/60)

Over 97% of the 203 male medflies monitored in a lifetime study of their behaviour exhibited what we term supine behaviour (temporary upside-down orientation) starting an average of 16.1 days prior to their death (mean lifespan of 61.7 days). Supine onset increased the mortality risk by 39.5-fold and a unit increase in supine level increased mortality by 26.3%. The discovery that behavioural traits in insects can be used as biomarkers of their health and to predict their time to death has important implications regarding research on morbidity dynamics, behavioural neuroethology and gerontology, and the interpretation of longevity extension in model organisms.  (+info)

Sexual selection on multivariate phenotype in wild and mass-reared Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). (3/60)

Males with a larger thorax and narrower face were found to be favoured by directional sexual selection in a previous field cage experiment where Ceratitis capitata males from the Seib 6-96 genetic sexing strain competed with wild males from Alto Valle (Patagonia) for the possession of wild females. Targets of sexual selection, however, might differ between wild and laboratory females as a response to adaptation to mass-rearing conditions. To evaluate possible divergences on the targets of sexual selection as a by-product of adaptation to mass-rearing conditions, field cage tests were performed with both wild and laboratory females. To avoid possible bias due to correlation among the measured traits (eye length [EL], face width [FW], head width [HW], and thorax length [TL]), a multivariate analysis was applied. Consistent with the previous experiment, the results indicated that TL and FW are probable targets of directional sexual selection independently of female strain. However, laboratory females were less selective than wild ones. Additionally, correlational sexual selection was detected acting on the multivariate phenotype. The effects of correlational selection overlap with those of directional selection on each single trait. The analysis of mating pair characteristics showed patterns that do not match the expectations for a random mating system. The current analysis indicates that during mating pair formation two processes overlap. On the one hand, sexual selection favours males with larger size (TL) and narrower faces (FW). This effect occurs in both wild and laboratory females. In addition, assortative mating based on both phenotype and origin was also observed.  (+info)

The ceratotoxin gene family in the medfly Ceratitis capitata and the Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa (Diptera: Tephritidae). (4/60)

Ceratotoxins (Ctxs) are a family of antibacterial sex-specific peptides expressed in the female reproductive accessory glands of the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata. As a first step in the study of molecular evolution of Ctx genes in Ceratitis, partial genomic sequences encoding four distinct Ctx precursors have been determined. In addition, anti-Escherichia coli activity very similar to that of the accessory gland secretion from C. capitata was found in the accessory gland secretion from Ceratitis (Pterandrus) rosa. SDS-PAGE analysis of the female reproductive accessory glands from C. rosa showed a band with a molecular mass (3 kDa) compatible with that of Ctx peptides, also slightly reacting with an anti-Ctx serum. Four nucleotide sequences encoding Ctx-like precursors in C. rosa were determined. Sequence and phylogenetic analyses show that Ctxs from C. rosa fall into different groups as C. capitata Ctxs. Our results suggest that the evolution of the ceratotoxin gene family might be viewed as a combination of duplication events that occurred prior to and following the split between C. capitata and C. rosa. Genomic hybridization demonstrated the presence of multiple Ctx-like sequences in C. rosa, but low-stringency Southern blot analyses failed to recover members of this gene family in other tephritid flies.  (+info)

Cc RNase: the Ceratitis capitata ortholog of a novel highly conserved protein family in metazoans. (5/60)

Complementary DNA encoding a protein, designated Cc RNase, was isolated from the insect Ceratitis capitata. Deduced amino acid sequence analysis demonstrates that the Cc RNase has strong sequence homology with other uncharacterized proteins predicted from EST sequences belonging to different animal species, therefore defining a new protein family, which is conserved from Caenorhabditis elegans to humans. Phylogenetic analysis data in addition to extensive homolog searches in all available complete genomes suggested that all family members are true orthologs. Proteins belonging to this family are composed of 95-101 amino acids. The C.capitata orthologous protein was expressed in Escherichia coli. Despite the fact that the amino acid sequence of Cc RNase does not share any significant similarities with other known ribonucleases, our data give strong evidence in support of the assignment of enzymatic activity to the recombinant protein. The expressed molecule exhibits ribonucleolytic activity against poly(C) and poly(U) synthetic substrates, as well as rRNA. It is also demonstrated that expression of Cc RNase in E.coli inhibits growth of the host cells.  (+info)

High sexual signalling rates of young individuals predict extended life span in male Mediterranean fruit flies. (6/60)

In a laboratory study, we monitored the lifetime sexual signalling (advertisement) of wild male Mediterranean fruit flies, and we tested the hypothesis that high lifetime intensity of sexual signalling indicates high survival probabilities. Almost all males exhibited signalling and individual signalling rates were highly variable from the beginning of the adults' maturity and throughout their life span (average life span 62.3 days). Sexual signalling rates after day 10 (peak maturity) were consistently high until about 1 week before death. There was a positive relationship between daily signalling rates and life span, and an increase in signalling level by one unit over all times was associated with an approximately 50% decrease in mortality rate. Signalling rates early in adult life (day 6-20) were higher in the longest-lived than in the shortest-lived flies. These results support the hypothesis that intense sexual signalling indicates longer life span. We discuss the importance of age-specific behavioural studies for understanding the evolution of male life histories.  (+info)

Effects of male sterility on female remating in the mediterranean fruitfly, Ceratitis capitata. (7/60)

Mating-induced reductions in female receptivity are common in insects. These responses are of interest because of their utility in insect pest control. In addition, the control of receptivity is likely to be the subject of sexual conflict over remating frequency. We investigated the specific effect of male sterility on female receptivity in an important pest species, the Mediterranean fruitfly (medfly), in which sterile males are often used for population suppression. Sterile males performed less courtship, obtained significantly fewer first and second matings than fertile males, and reduced female receptivity significantly less effectively than did fertile males. We modelled the likelihood of fertile matings and show that the low mating success of sterile males represents a significant problem for medfly sterile insect technique (SIT) programmes.  (+info)

The impact of diet switching on resource allocation to reproduction and longevity in Mediterranean fruitflies. (8/60)

Understanding the factors that determine the allocation and utilization of organism resources may provide an insight into the mechanisms of adaptation, ageing and reproduction. Resource allocation, which is regarded as a method of adaptation, increases fitness and is genetically controlled. Experiments with variable diet feeding of female Mediterranean fruitflies (Ceratitis capitata) demonstrated that the feeding regime dramatically influences lifespan, mortality and the reproduction of flies. An analysis of experimental data and numerical experiments reveals that resource allocation could explain lifespan increase when females are switched from a sugar-only to a protein-containing diet. The heterogeneity of the initial female cohort in terms of the total amount of resources and its allocation to the processes of maintenance and reproduction plays a significant role in this.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Within-generation variation of critical thermal limits in adult Mediterranean and Natal fruit flies Ceratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa. T2 - Thermal history affects short-term responses to temperature. AU - Nyamukondiwa, Casper. AU - Terblanche, John S.. PY - 2010/9. Y1 - 2010/9. N2 - Insect thermal tolerance shows a range of responses to thermal history depending on the duration and severity of exposure. However, few studies have investigated these effects under relatively modest temperature variation or the interactions between short- and longer-term exposures. In the present study, using a full-factorial design, 1 week-long acclimation responses of critical thermal minimum (CTmin) and critical thermal maximum (CTmax) to temperatures of 20, 25 and 30 °C are investigated, as well as their interactions with short-term (2 h) sub-lethal temperature exposures to these same conditions (20, 25 and 30 °C), in two fruit fly species Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis rosa ...
Background and Objective: The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), as most of the Tephritidae species, is a pest of great economic importance around the world. Volatile organic compounds (VOC) emitted by Ceratitis capitata (C. capitata) at different life stages (larvae, pupae and adults) can help us to understand the chemicals they produce when interacting. This study aimed to use GC-MS technique to determine the optimal method for accurate, rapid and cost-effective of extraction of VOC from different life stages of C. capitata. Methodology: This study used HS-SPME fibre coupled with flame ionization detection (FID) and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to determine the optimal method for accurate, rapid and cost-effective of extraction of VOC from different life stages of C. capitata. Qualitative Analysis software was used to analyse retention times and peak areas. Data were then analyzed by using SPSS. Results: Results indicated that a 4 h ...
An international team of scientists from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other research organizations have sequenced the complete genome of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. This pest attacks … ...
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Economic Evaluation of Three Alternative Methods for Control of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic and Territories under the Jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority, IAEA-TECDOC-1265, IAEA, Vienna (2001).. Download to ...
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Economic Evaluation of Damage Caused by, and Methods of Control of, the Mediterranean Fruit Fly in the Maghreb, IAEA-TECDOC-830, IAEA, Vienna (1995).. Download to ...
Monitoring the ability of bacterial plant pathogens to survive in insects is required for elucidating unknown aspects of their epidemiology and for designing appropriate control strategies. Erwinia amylovora is a plant pathogenic bacterium that causes fire blight, a devastating disease in apple and pear commercial orchards. Studies on fire blight spread by insects have mainly focused on pollinating agents, such as honeybees. However, the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), one of the most damaging fruit pests worldwide, is also common in pome fruit orchards. The main objective of the study was to investigate whether E. amylovora can survive and be transmitted by the medfly. Our experimental results show: i) E. amylovora can survive for at least 8 days inside the digestive tract of the medfly and until 28 days on its external surface, and ii) medflies are able to transmit the bacteria from inoculated apples to both detached shoots and pear plants, being the ...
APHIS International Services (IS) helps fulfill APHIS mission to prevent the spread of pests harmful to U.S. agriculture. IS focuses on the New World screwworm fly, (Cochliomyia hominivorax), which can injure and kill humans, pets, and livestock; and the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens), which interfere with and harm fruit and agriculture production. IS co-sponsors foreign pest reduction programs using sterile fly release facilities in Mexico, Panama, and Guatemala to lower the risks of flies entering the United States. These programs have successfully reduced the populations of all three pests, stabilizing agricultural trade and lowering their threat to the United States.. ...
We have isolated the clock gene period (per) from the medfly Ceratitis capitata, one of the most economically important insect pest species. The overall pattern of conserved, non-conserved and functional domains that are observed within dipteran and lepidopteran per orthologues is preserved within the coding sequence. Expression analysis from fly heads revealed a daily oscillation in per mRNA in both light : dark cycles and in constant darkness. However PER protein levels from head extracts did not show any significant evidence for cycling in either of these two conditions. When the Ceratitis per transgene under the control of the Drosophila per promoter and 3UTR was introduced into Drosophila per -null mutant hosts, the transformants revealed a low level of rescue of behavioural rhythmicity. Nevertheless, the behaviour of the rhythmic transformants showed some similarities to that of ceratitis, suggesting that Ceratitis per carries species-specific information that can evidently affect the ...
Citation: Niogret, J., Kendra, P.E., Epsniza, H., Epsky, N.D. 2012. Attraction and Electroantennography responses of the male Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, to natural essential oils and synthetic blends.. Meeting Abstract. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America Nov 11-14, 2012. Interpretive Summary: Field experiments and long range bioassays were used to understand the difference in attractiveness among various natural essential oils for the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata. Using electroantennography, we have selected various antennally active chemicals and tested their role in the attraction of the male. Choice combinations between various blends and modified essential oils underlined the role of mono and sesquiterpenes in the male attraction. The blends composed with EAD active synthetic chemicals lost their attractiveness when a specific monoterpene was absent, and the attractiveness of ginger root oil and manuka oil were increased when this chemical ...
Ceratitis capitata ceratotoxin C protein: an antibacterial female-specific peptide of the ceratotoxin family from the medfly, Ceratitis capitata; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L76300
Spalangia cameroni Perkins (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) is a pupal parasitoid of the Medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedmann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), one of the principal pests of Spanish agriculture. Spalangia cameroni is a potential biocontrol agent for this pest if methods can be developed to mass-rear it effectively on C. capitata. Here, we report on the use of freeze-killed pupae of C. capitata to maintain a laboratory colony of S. cameroni, with a view to setting up a mass-rearing protocol. Realised fecundity, adult progeny, sex ratio, and superparasitism level were the principal parameters analysed. No significant differences were found in respect of these parameters between living or freeze-killedMedfly pupae used as hosts, although sex ratios showed a bias towards females in the case of freeze-killed pupae. Freeze-killed pupae were concluded to present the best option for the laboratory-rearing of S. cameroni, on account of ease of rearing, and avoidance of the emergence of Medfly adults ...
In Drosophila, Sxl functions as a binary switch in sex determination. Under the control of the primary sex-determining signal, it produces functional protein only in XX animals to implement female development. Here we report that, in contrast to Drosophila, the Sxl homologue in the Medfly, Ceratitis capitata, expresses the same mRNAs and protein isoforms in both XX and XY animals irrespective of the primary sex-determining signal. Also, experiments with two inducible transgenes demonstrate that the corresponding Ceratitis SXL product has no significant sex-transforming effects when expressed in Drosophila. Similar results have been obtained for the Sxl homologue of Musca domestica (Meise, M., Hilfiker-Kleiner, D., Brunner, C., DLbendorfer, A., N?thiger, R. and Bopp, D. (1998) Development 125, 1487-1494). Our findings suggest that Sxl acquired its master regulatory role in sex determination during evolution of the Acalyptratae group, most probably after phylogenetic divergence of the genus ...
The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is the most important and destructive pest in the world. The aim of this study was to determine host preference and survival of Medfly in different fruit and vegetable cultivars in the laboratory. Medfly was recently established in Çanakkale province, even though it has been known in southern Turkey for many years. Medfly infested peaches were collected to establish a local laboratory population. Ten different hosts were tested in the controlled laboratory conditions. Some biological parameters were observed to find out the preferred and appropriate host for laboratory rearing. The tested fruit weight, the number of oviposition stings, pupal yield and the adult emergence were determined. The results showed that fruit weight and oviposition stings were not related with larval survival or pupal yield of Medfly. Screening of the different host cultivars suggested that red sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. "Kapya") is the most ...
Many flies of the family Tephritidae have stripes on their wings and black markings on their thorax which make them look like jumping spiders (Salticidae), especially when they display their wings horizontally. Previous studies have shown that salticid spiders respond to tephritids by displaying and retreating, arguing that tephritids evolved as mimics of salticids to protect them from predation by the latter. Here I show that the jumping spiders reaction to a tephritid fly, the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata, depends on the spiders size, age and sex. Large, adult female jumping spiders seem to be the least confused or intimidated by the medfly. This reduces the benefits that may derive from the resemblance of tephritids wing and thorax patterns and displays to salticids, and leaves some doubt whether these flies special characteristics solely evolved to confuse spiders. ...
Colonisation, Domestication and population control in pest insects". It has become increasingly apparent that hosts and their gut microbiota interact to influence animal development, behaviour and ulitmately influence each others evolution. In order to investiage a fundamental component of successful population control using techniques such as SIT or next generation RIDL, which rely on mass-reared sterilised male insects mating successfully with wild females under natural conditions, it is essential to understand how insects and their gut microbiota adapt to mass-rearing/laboratory conditions. Using the pest insect the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata (Medfly) as a model system we are documenting effects on life history, and its interaction with gut bacteria, of colonisation from wild populations to laboratory conditions. Our ultimate aim is to understand the processes at work between bacteria-host co-evolution with the potential to reduce or even reverse the undesirable effects of ...
01/26/2016 02:32 pm. As you may be aware, on January 12, 2016, eleven live fruit fly larvae and 29 dead fruit fly larvae were confirmed as Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata, or Medfly) in a shipment of citrus fruit from Morocco. Also, between November and December 2015, the CBP Inspectors have detected 119 dead Diptera larvae in the Tephritidae family indicating apparently high population pressures. As a result of these incidences, all Citrus reticulata (tangerine/clementine/mandarin) and Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) fruit arriving from Morocco on or after Monday, February 8, 2016, will not be allowed to enter the US pending an investigation. As a reminder, all cargo with a bill of lading date no later than Thursday, January 21, 2016, and have successfully completed the prescribed cold treatment and passed inspection will be permitted to enter the United States.. This prohibition will remain in effect until further notice. If you have any questions or need assistance please feel free ...
Read "Biology and Thermal Requirements of Fopius arisanus (Sonan, 1932) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) Reared on Ceratitis capitata Eggs (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Neotropical Entomology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The sterile insect technique has in many countries become an important control tactic for integration in area-wide integrated pest management programmes against fruit flies of economic importance. An important prerequisite of these programmes is the availability of adequate numbers of sterile male flies that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities. This document combines an interactive spread sheet in Excel on a CD Rom and a procedures manual to assist in technical and economic decision making with the design, costing, construction, equipping and operating of such mass-rearing facilities. The model can be used by managers as a support tool for facility design, required investments and financial planning of facilities of different sizes using different scenarios. The software was designed using the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) as a model for planning insect mass-rearing facilities, but its default settings can be easily changed to suit any other fruit fly or other pest ...
Adult C. capitata are not unique in their level of desiccation resistance in comparison with the other pest Ceratitis species included in this study. The desiccation resistance of adult C. cosyra was equivalent to that of C. capitata, despite not having become widely distributed in different parts of the world. However, adults of both C. capitata and C. cosyra were more desiccation resistant than C. rosa. These results align with those for the pupal stage of C. capitata and C. rosa, with the former resisting dehydration for longer than the latter [17], and adds to the growing literature supporting a physiological basis [19-21, 31] for the spatial partitioning of the two species at continental [15] and regional scales [32]. They also align with recent modelling that predicts the area of suitable habitat for C. rosa will decline precipitously as climate warming and drying continues in the future [33]. Given the relatively high desiccation resistance of C. cosyra, from the perspective of water ...
The South African Citrus Industry is the second largest exporter of citrus, after Spain. The industry is under pressure to supply high quality fruit as well as to expand into new, high paying markets. However, high paying markets such as Japan and the USA require cold sterilised fruit as obligatory quarantine treatments against Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in order to reduce any possible spread of the pest. Citrus fruit originated from tropical climates and hence are chilling susceptible. Chilling injury symptoms appear as dark brown spots, pitting and/or decay when fruit are transferred to shelf temperatures; thus reducing the marketability of citrus fruit. Therefore, there is need for methods to mitigate chilling injury. Previous studies have shown silicon to mitigate many forms of stress without any hazardous effect on human health. Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate the potential of post-harvest silicon dips in mitigating chilling symptoms in citrus fruit. Briefly, ...
Transcriptional Profiles of Mating-Responsive Genes from Testes and Male Accessory Glands of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata In recent...
of the medfly Ceratitis capitata. Cctra is regulated, as in Our results show that Ceratitis and Drosophila sex- Drosophila, by sex-specific splicing and encodes a protein determining cascades share a conserved tra,dsx genetic showing, as expected, low sequence conservation, when module to control sex determination and sexual differentiation compared with TRA proteins of Drosophila species (ONeil, as well as that tra sex-specific splicing regulation differs in the and Belote, 1992). We present evidence that female two species. In Drosophila, TRA protein, together with TRA- development depends on an active Cctra that, in XX 2, binds to the TRA/TRA-2 recognition sequences on the individuals, seems to promote the productive mode of Drosophila dsx pre-mRNA and promotes the use of a nearby transformer in Ceratitis 3723 female-specific acceptor site. We show that Cctra is needed to As zygotes that carry a Y chromosome do not activate Cctra impose the female-specific splicing of Ccdsx, most probably ...
In 2000, a species of Ceratitis, a genus that includes the Mediterranean fruit fly (C. capitata), was intercepted on peaches, Prunus persica, coming into the U.S. from South Africa. Peaches are one of the preferred hosts of the Natal fruit fly (C. rosa), a serious pest in South Africa, as well as other African countries. In South Africa, this fly ranks second in importance only to C. capitata, and in some situations can become a more serious pest. The Natal fruit fly affects many types of fruits, both in orchards and the wild, including peach, guava, plum, apple and pear.. See the UF Featured Creatures report at http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/fruit/tropical/natal_fruit_fly.htm ...
Howe explained the plan of attack: "What we plan to do is out-sex them, by releasing thousands of sterile males during the breeding season. ... The sterile males mate with the females and no fly eggs are produced.". A sexy plan indeed.. By late August, despite a $2 million eradication effort, more Mediterranean fruit flies were found outside the original 156-square-mile infestation area. State officials expanded the focus area to 450 square miles, encompassing all of Santa Clara Valley. Howe stated the obvious: "Theres no way we can stand at the border and swat them back." On Dec. 3, 1980, federal officials announced a plan to use the aerial spraying of insecticides in Alameda and Santa Clara counties. Immediately, a loose-knit coalition of groups opposed to the spraying held their own news conference, kicking off months of protests and legal actions, which would postpone spraying.. Meanwhile, nearly 1,000 California Conservation Corps members came to Santa Clara and Alameda counties to pick, ...
In 1954, the technique was used to eradicate screw-worms from the 176-square-mile (460 km2) island of Curaçao, off the coast of Venezuela. Screw-worms were eliminated in seven weeks, saving the domestic goat herds that were a source of meat and milk. During the late 1950s to the 1970s, SIT was used to control the screw-worm population in the US. In the 1980s, Mexico and Belize eliminated their screw-worm problems with SIT. Eradication programs progressed across Central America in the 1990s, followed by the establishment of a biological barrier in Panama to prevent reinfestation from the south. The map shows the current and former distribution area and the approximate seasonal spread of the screw-worm fly. In 1991, Knipling and Bushlands technique halted a serious outbreak of New World screw-worm in northern Africa. Programs against the Mediterranean fruit fly in Mexico, Florida and California use the SIT to maintain their fly-free status. The technique was used to eradicate the melon fly from ...
The joint modeling of longitudinal and survival data has received extraordinary attention in the statistics literature recently, with models and methods becoming increasingly more complex. Most of these approaches pair a proportional hazards survival with longitudinal trajectory modeling through parametric or nonparametric specifications. In this paper we closely examine one data set previously analyzed using a two parameter parametric model for Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) egg-laying trajectories paired with accelerated failure time and proportional hazards survival models. We consider parametric and nonparametric versions of these two models, as well as a proportional odds rate model paired with a wide variety of longitudinal trajectory assumptions reflecting the types of analyses seen in the literature. In addition to developing novel nonparametric Bayesian methods for joint models, we emphasize the importance of model selection from among joint and non joint models. The default in the ...
The male Mediterranean fruit fly secretes his cologne from a special place. The ladies love it ... but local predators also home in on the scent.
The male Mediterranean fruit fly secretes his cologne from a special place. The ladies love it ... but local predators also home in on the scent.
By Richard Levine Once again, a technique that modifies insects in order to control their populations has been proven effective. RIDL, which stands for Release of Insects carrying a Dominant Lethal, has been applied to diamondback moths, Mediterranean fruit flies, and olive flies, and it has been used in field trials on mosquitoes in order […]. ...
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The possibility to cross-species amplify microsatellites in fruit flies of the genus Ceratitis was tested with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by analysing 23 Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) microsatellite markers on the genomic DNA of three other economically important, congeneric species: C. rosa (Karsch), C. fasciventris (Bezzi) and C. cosyra (Walker). Twenty-two primer pairs produced amplification products in at least one of the three species tested. The majority of the products were similar, if not identical in size to those expected in C. capitata. The structures of the repeat motifs and their flanking sequences were examined for a total of 79 alleles from the three species. Sequence analysis revealed the same repeat type as the homologous C. capitata microsatellites in the majority of the loci, suggesting their utility for population analysis across the species range. A total of seven loci were differentially present/absent in C. capitata, C. rosa, C. fasciventris and C. cosyra, ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Ceratitis spp - Fruit Flies -- Discover Life
This pest survey card was prepared in the context of the mandate on plant pest surveillance (EFSA‐Q‐2017‐00831), upon request by the European Commission. The purpose of this document is to assist the Member States in planning annual survey activities of quarantine organisms using a statistically sound and risk‐based pest survey approach, in line with the current international standards. The data requirements for such activity include the pest distribution, its host range, its biology, risk factors as well as available detection and identification methods. This document is part of a toolkit that consists of pest‐specific documents, such as the pest survey cards and generic documents relevant for all pests to be surveyed, including, the general survey guidelines and statistical software such as RiBESS+. ...
Knowledge base and users guide for molecular diagnosis of Ceratitis by Norman B. Barr (USDA APHIS). Requires WinZip to unzip the files ...
Global environmental suitability for C. capitata occurrence as predicted by MaxEnt model.Black triangles represent presence points used in the modeling. Blue, p
Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Tiffaniella capitata (Schousboe ex Bornet) Doty & Meñez, 1960. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=144708 on 2017-12- ...
landfill in accordance with regulatory protocols. Fruit removal will occur once at the beginning of the project, but may be repeated if additional flies are detected.. Public Notification:. Any resident whose property will be treated via foliar bait sprays or host fruit removal will be notified in writing at least 48 hours in advance of any treatment, in accordance with the California Food and Agricultural Code Sections 5779. Following the treatment, completion notices are left with homeowners detailing precautions to take and post-harvest intervals applicable to any fruit on the property. For SIT applications, notification is given to the general public via mass media outlets such as newspapers or press releases, and information is posted at https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/plant/PDEP/treatment/medfly_treatment.html. Information concerning the Medfly project will be conveyed directly to concerned local and State political representatives and authorities via letters, emails, and/or faxes. Press releases, ...
Fruit now ripening in Los Angeles area back yards presents a potential hazard. According to the media information office of the Cooperative Medfly Project, the most frequent way Medfly infestations
Unabridged Note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla. ...
Video articles in JoVE about gene duplication include Comprehensive Workflow for the Genome-wide Identification and Expression Meta-analysis of the ATL E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Gene Family in Grapevine, High-throughput Functional Screening using a Homemade Dual-glow Luciferase Assay, High-Throughput Robotically Assisted Isolation of Temperature-sensitive Lethal Mutants in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Genome-wide Protein-protein Interaction Screening by Protein-fragment Complementation Assay (PCA) in Living Cells, Delivery of Nucleic Acids through Embryo Microinjection in the Worldwide Agricultural Pest Insect, Ceratitis capitata, High Fat Diet Feeding and High Throughput Triacylglyceride Assay in Drosophila Melanogaster, Agrobacterium-Mediated Virus-Induced Gene Silencing Assay In Cotton, In situ Protocol for Butterfly Pupal Wings Using Riboprobes, Tomato Analyzer: A Useful Software Application to Collect Accurate and Detailed Morphological and Colorimetric Data from Two-dimensional Objects
Andy has a perhaps announced and pp. in the phase of available online Religion. For more than 20 terms, the 642Online Download Cancer In The Lives Of Older Americans: Blessings And Battles reduces protected edited on the ceratitis of burden; being p; Andy is well the method of metabolic perception for Red Bull where he has with profiles of iconic Processes and 1280x854 u Informatics, challenges a multiculturalism of dataset adverts, exons, champions, and forecasts to use and apply significant t Tags. 039; 27th ironic http://yourturnintern.com/library/download-prolegomenon-to-a-theory-of-argument-structure-linguistic-inquiry-monographs-2002.php to n from the life in 2012. As the yourturnintern.com of Agenda, the Mobilities including sterile Annual Identification s embryo equation, Aaron Levant is the linear pollution, 1-11Online date and Tourism o instigator who organized an sporocyteless p to geography that is the alternative of his linear licensing settings. At the DOWNLOAD KOLLEKTIVE ...
10. Madia sativa Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili. 136. 1782. Chile tarweed Madia capitata Nuttall. Plants (0.3-)35-100(-240) cm, self-compatible (heads not showy). Stems hirsute and glandular-pubescent, glands yellowish, purple, or black, lateral branches rarely surpassing main stems. Leaf blades broadly lanceolate to linear-oblong or linear, 2-18 cm × 3-18(-29) mm. Heads in usually crowded, paniculiform, racemiform, or spiciform arrays. Involucres ovoid to urceolate, 6-16 mm. Phyllaries hirsute and glandular-pubescent, glands yellowish, purple, or black, apices erect or ± reflexed, flat. Paleae mostly persistent, connate 1/2+ their lengths. Ray florets (5-)8-13; corollas greenish yellow or sometimes purplish red abaxially or throughout, laminae 1.5-4 mm. Disc florets 11-14, bisexual, fertile; corollas 2-5 mm, pubescent; anthers ± dark purple. Ray cypselae black or brown, sometimes mottled, dull, compressed, beakless. Disc cypselae similar. 2n = 32.. Flowering May-Oct. Grasslands, openings in ...
Christopher Weldon is a PeerJ user. Bio: I lead the Flies of Economic Significance Research Group, which conducts research on the behaviour, ecology and physiology of flies (Insecta: Diptera) that affect human activities in southern Africa. Results from these studies inform sustainable management practices that can reduce reliance on pesticides, but may also facilitate the beneficial use of flies. Students that I supervise are pursuing projects on the invasion of the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) in southern Africa, mosquitoes that are vectors for Rift Valley Fever, biting midges that transmit African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses, and blow flies that can be used as forensic evidence or for bioconversion of organic waste. I have a research background that encompasses insect behaviour, ecology and physiology. My research has addressed a range of themes using pest fruit flies, particularly the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni, and more recently, the Mediterranean fruit fly,
Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a destructive pest to many major crops, including chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L). The insect can cause yield loss up to 100% in the absence of any control measures. One control tactic commonly used by pepper growers to control the fruit fly is sticky trap to capture the adults. The purpose of the current study was to elucidate the effect of trap color and height on the fly capture. The results showed that yellow trap was consistently the most attractive trap amongst the other trap colors tested with an overall average of 62.6 adults per trap during the study. The second most attractive traps were white and green traps with overall averages of 45.2 and 40 adults per trap, respectively. The attractiveness levels of the red and blue traps were comparable each other with overall averages of 29.4 and 25.4 adults per trap, respectively. The least attractive trap was black trap with an overall average of 17.1 adults per trap,
Coral is big this spring and what best than some fragrance inspired by corals, such as Corallium by Italian niche brand Carthusia with its aromatic bay laurel and sage tones over Mediterranean fruits (bergamot and mandarin), flowers, and smoky woods roughened by sea air. If you want to go grand, you can add makeup items: Coral suits a variety of complexions if done sheer and weightless. Dior Addict Lipstick in Bobo #530 is a sheer coral shade ($28, at www.nordstrom.com) while Lancome Ultra Lavande Collection in Coral Crush ($48, www.neimanmarcus.com) should compliment with 5 shades that give a luminous eye look ...
In the fourth study, the Klebsiella spp. strains isolated from the oesophageal bulb of R. completa and Ceratitis capitata were examined for their ability to incorporate the gene encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP). These bacteria were successfully labelled by conjugation with the gfp gene and the gfp gene was stably maintained in the transgenic strains. Moreover, the colonizing ability of gfp-tagged bacteria in the original host was tested. Here a non-invasive technique to monitor the bacterial fate during the fly life stages was used. Gfp-tagged bacteria were successfully ingested by walnut husk flies where they established a stable population in the fly gut over time and throughout developmental stages. This is the first report in Tephritid flies of native engineered bacteria re-introduced in its original host and the shuttle system used in this study could be a useful tool to expand and strengthen the possibility of biological control of the insect pest ...
Evidence for a male-produced sex pheromone and behavioural responses of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) to the pheromone in a horizontal wind tunnel
Evidence for a male-produced sex pheromone and behavioural responses of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) to the pheromone in a horizontal wind tunnel
Citation: Xavier, N., Handler, A.M. 2006. Use Of Missense Proteasome Subunits For Conditional Lethality In the Tephritid Fruit Flies Anastrepha Suspensa And Ceratitis Capitata. 5th International Symposium on Molecular Insect Science, May 21, 2006, Tucson, Arizona. Interpretive Summary: N/A Technical Abstract: Proteasomes play a critical role in eukaryote development by regulating protein degradation (see Covi et al., 1999). Ubiquinated proteins undergo proteolysis in a multi-subunit complex known as the 26S proteasome, which is comprised of a 20S core and 19S regulatory complexes. Mis-sense mutations in the 20S subunits lead to the production of dominant temperature-sensitive (DTS) "poison subunits" or antimorphs that disrupt proteasome function. DTS5 and DTS7 are two such mutations identified originally in Drosophila melanogaster that result in late larval or pupal lethality at 29C. To study the potential of these genes to control the populations of tephritid fruit fly pests by conditional ...
Preparation of extracts: Coral samples of orange and red colonies of Montipora capitata were collected in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu. Frozen samples were extracted in Millipore® water, which was replaced daily for 3 d. Extracts were filtered, lyophilized, and weighed. We tested extracts at concentrations approximating those naturally found in the coral tissues (Gochfeld & Aeby 2008). To determine the volumetric concentrations of extracts, the surface area of each piece of coral was calculated using the wax technique (Gochfeld 1991). Tissue volume was determined by multiplying surface area by tissue depth measured from replicate decalcified pieces of M. capitata. Extract concentrations were determined as g dried extract ml-1 of coral tissue. Extracts were re-suspended to these concentrations in Millipore® water for use in bacterial growth assays.. Bacterial strains tested: The strains used for our antibacterial assays were selected as model systems to represent a range of potential bacterial pathogens ...
Residual toxicity of insecticides used in Tunisian citrus orchards on the imported parasitoid Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): Implications for IPM program of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Based on images posted to Wikimedia and Nucleus where it states "Host: Most fruits and fruiting vegetables" and "Highly significant economic damage", we believe this is an Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. According to Featured Creatures, the Oriental Fruit Fly has been introduced to Hawaii and "The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. It is native to large parts of tropical Asia, has become established over much of sub-Saharan Africa, and is often intercepted in the United States, sometimes triggering eradication programs." ...
Non-Destructive Quarantine Technique- Potential Application of Using X-ray Images to Detect Early Infestations Caused by Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Fruit 【Research report】 ...
Botanical Name : Lactuca sativa capitata Family: Asteraceae Genus: Lactuca Species: L. sativa Kingdom: Plantae Order: Asterales Common Name: Cabbage Lettuce
Cabbage is a popular cultivar of the species Brassica oleracea Linne(Capitata Group) of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae) and is used as a leafy green vegetable. It is a herbaceous, biennial, dicotyledonous flowering plant distinguished by a short stem upon which is crowded a mass of leaves, usually green but in some varieties red or purplish, which…
Pictures of boraginaceae wildflowers of West USA. Typical specimen of oreocarya capitata, along the Grandview Trail, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. High resolution version
negative I values were significantly different from the expected value (E[I])=-0.143 (Table 1). Beyond the distance class, 11 negative and three positive cases were significantly different from the expected value, indicating that populations are somewhat genetically heterogeneous beyond the distance class 1. For H. capitata, Morans I was significant in 35 of 162 (21.6%) cases, and 19 of 35 values were positive (Table 2). The 19 positive values were only observed from distance classes 1 (0,43 km) to 4 (83,110 km), indicating overall genetic similarity within the distance classes. On the other hand, 11 negative values in the distance classes 5 (110,137 km) and 6 (137,235 km) were significantly different from the expected value E[I]=-0.056 (Table 2). The overall correlogram for Pgm-1d, Pgm-2c, Pgm-3b, Dia-3b, Dia-3c, Pgd-2a, Pgd-2b, Idh-1b, and Idh-1c were significant (Table 2).. Discussion. The results of this study indicate that the pattern of genetic distribution in H. minor is different from ...
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Green cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata var. alba) and purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra), also called red cabbage, taste pretty much the same. The chief difference is that the color of purple cabbage may vary according to how you grow or cook it, and it contains compounds that are thought ...
Ordered a mix of seeds some years ago from Whatcom. Amongst them were: Jubaea chilensis, Butia capitata, Bismarck nobilis, Syagrus romanzoffiana, and Nannorrhops ritchiana. Had limited success germinating. Now for the duh! After a few years I have four left, and all growing in slow-mo. Trouble is, with ink fade on the tags, an interest shift to Trachy, Washingtonia & Chamaerops species (which grow faster), and a few re-pottings, I have no idea which is which. Descriptions gleaned from the web dont help, as they all seem to pertain to mature palms. Does anyone know of a site that may show juvenile palms. One is certainly a J. chelensis, that much this addled brain remembers. Thanks in advance for any information offered. Im in the lower mainland, B.C. email: [email protected] ReplyDelete ...
Description from Flora of China. Juncoides Séguier, nom. rej.. Herbs perennial, usually tufted. Rhizome short. Stems usually terete. Leaves mostly basal; leaf sheath closed, auricles absent; leaf blade lanceolate to linear, flat, usually channeled, margin long white ciliate. Inflorescences cymose, umbellate, umbel-like, corymbose, or paniculate, sometimes condensed into heads. Flowers often solitary, subtended by a scarious bract and enclosed at base by 2 short bracteoles; bracteoles usually lacerate or denticulate at margin. Perianth segments 6. Stamens 6, usually shorter than perianth; filaments thin; anthers oblong to linear. Ovary 1-loculed; ovules 3, erect from a basal, very short placenta. Style short. Capsule 3-valved. Seeds 3, oblong, indistinctly reticulate, often with a basal or apical appendage (caruncle).. Luzula capitata (Miquel) Nakai (from Japan, Korea, and Russia) has been reported from NE China. However, the present authors could not find this species among the many Chinese ...
Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 0-14 years. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Western-Europe/People/Age-structure/0--14-years. "Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 0-14 years. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster." 2005-2013. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Western-Europe/People/Age-structure/0--14-years,.. Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 0-14 years. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster., ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Western-Europe/People/Age-structure/0--14-years, [assessed 2005-2013]. "Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 0-14 years. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World ...
Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 65 years and over. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Densely-populated-countries/People/Age-structure/65-years-and-over. "Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 65 years and over. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster." 2010-2013. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Densely-populated-countries/People/Age-structure/65-years-and-over,.. Countries Compared by People > Age structure > 65 years and over. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster., ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Densely-populated-countries/People/Age-structure/65-years-and-over, ...
INTRODUCTION The cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata) is an herbaceous and leafy plant which belongs to the Brassicaceae family, native to coastal southern and Western Europe. It presents a high versatility, not only due to its nutritive value, being rich in calcium, protein and vitamin C, but also due to its social character, due to the fact of being cultivated essentially by small-scale farmers(12, 28, 29). Brassica sp. is reported to have been utilized for over one thousand years in the healing process of abscesses, idiopathic cephalgias, internal ulcers; the Romans utilized Brassica sp. in the treatment of injuries(4). Cheney(13) verified that the patients who utilized the fresh cabbage juice obtained a healing action for gastric disorders, particularly for the peptic ulcer, presenting healing effects of the lesion. The chronic administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with the development of gastrointestinal adverse effects, such as gastric ...
The effects of different post-teneral diets were evaluated under different experimental conditions, including laboratory tests, outdoor small field cages and open-field assays. Under controlled laboratory conditions, the effect of protein-rich vs. sugar-only diets on survival or longevity has been studied by several authors on tephritid species including C. capitata, Anastrepha suspensa and Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Carey et al. 2002a,b; Teal et al. 2004; Yuval et al. 2007; Pérez-Staples et al. 2008). In most cases, protein-rich diets have been associated with better male mating performance but in some others, they have also been associated with reduced survival (Kaspi and Yuval 2000). Our results with A. ludens under laboratory conditions were consistent with those observed in other fruit fly species. The protein-rich (F) diet was associated with increased susceptibility to starvation. Flies fed on S or a combination of S and mango (MS) had the highest survival.. Resistance to starvation ...
Fully mature perigynia needed for identification, so are described under "FR" (long-persistent perigynia are often atypical); perigynium "front" faces spikelet axis; "fruit" refers to achene body (excluding beak). "Shredding" lower leaf sheath fronts become a network or fringe of veins; some others shred longitudinally only. Difficult because of many species and minute key characters; longer key statements and descriptions are designed to enhance both ease and probability of correct identification. Group descriptions are assumed in specific ...
Insect chitinases are hydrolytic enzymes that are required for the degradation of glycosidic bonds of chitin. In this study, we identified and characterized a full-length cDNA of the chitinase gene (BdCht2) in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. The cDNA contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 1449 bp that encodes 483 amino acid residues and 126- and 296-bp non-coding regions at the 5- and 3-ends, respectively. The BdCht2 genome has four exons and three introns. The predicted molecular mass of the deduced BdCht2 is approximately 54.3 kDa, with an isoelectric point of 5.97. The 977 bp 5 flanking region was identified and the transcription factor binding sites were predicted. Bioinformatic analyses showed that the deduced amino acid sequence of BdCht2 had 34%-66% identity to that of chitinases identified in other insect species. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analyses indicated that BdCht2 was mainly expressed during the larval-pupal and pupal-adult transitions. The tissue-specific
Insect chitinases are hydrolytic enzymes that are required for the degradation of glycosidic bonds of chitin. In this study, we identified and characterized a full-length cDNA of the chitinase gene (BdCht2) in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. The cDNA contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 1449 bp that encodes 483 amino acid residues and 126- and 296-bp non-coding regions at the 5- and 3-ends, respectively. The BdCht2 genome has four exons and three introns. The predicted molecular mass of the deduced BdCht2 is approximately 54.3 kDa, with an isoelectric point of 5.97. The 977 bp 5 flanking region was identified and the transcription factor binding sites were predicted. Bioinformatic analyses showed that the deduced amino acid sequence of BdCht2 had 34%-66% identity to that of chitinases identified in other insect species. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analyses indicated that BdCht2 was mainly expressed during the larval-pupal and pupal-adult transitions. The tissue-specific
The Bactrocera dorsalis species complex, currently comprising about 90 entities has received much attention. During the last decades, considerable effort has been devoted to delimiting the species of the complex. This information is of great importance for agriculture and world trade, since the complex harbours several pest species of major economic importance and other species that could evolve into global threats. Speciation in Diptera is usually accompanied by chromosomal rearrangements, particularly inversions that are assumed to reduce/eliminate gene flow. Other candidates currently receiving much attention regarding their possible involvement in speciation are reproductive symbionts, such as Wolbachia, Spiroplasma, Arsenophonus, Rickettsia and Cardinium. Such symbionts tend to spread quickly through natural populations and can cause a variety of phenotypes that promote pre-mating and/or post-mating isolation and, in addition, can affect the biology, physiology, ecology and evolution of their
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Immunocytochemical data on polychaete neurogenesis remain scarce and are mostly restricted to isolated developmental stages. At present, there are only few studies that document the neuronal differentiation for complete developmental series and they focus on polychaetes with an indirect mode of development [28-31]. The two classical TEM-based studies on species of the Capitellida likewise offer only limited insights. The first is restricted to the 3-setiger larva of Arenicola cristata (Arenicolidae), whereas the second one describes different developmental stages up to metamorphosis in Capitella capitata (Capitellidae) [32, 33]. In both studies the presented ultrastructural data are only superficially interpreted with respect to gross morphology.. One of the most prominent features of trochozoan larvae is the ciliated prototroch and its underlying serotonergic nerve ring. The latter was most likely already present in the last common ancestor of the lophotrochozoans [34, 35]. Although ...
A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S ANR-1135 Guide to Commercial Cabbage Production Historical Perspective Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) is a member of the Brassicaceae
As respostas inflamatórias no cérebro são mediadas principalmente pela microglia, mas evidências crescentes sugerem uma importância crucial dos astrócitos. A S100B, uma proteína ligante de cálcio e secretada por astrócitos, tem propriedades neurotróficas e de citocina inflamatória. No entanto, não se sabe se sinais primários que ocorrem durante a indução de uma resposta inflamatória como, por exemplo, lipopolissacarídeo (LPS) modulam diretamente a S100B. A neuroinflamação está implicada na patogênese ou na progressão de uma variedade de distúrbios neurodegenerativos e muitos estudos procuram uma conexão entre S100B e doenças degenerativas, incluindo a doença de Alzheimer e esquizofrenia. O uso terapêutico de fármacos anti-inflamatórios não-esteroidais (AINEs) para estas doenças tem aumentado. No entanto, existem poucos estudos sobre o efeito desses fármacos em relação à proteína S100B. Neste trabalho, nós avaliamos se os níveis de S100B no líquido ...
B. tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly, is the most costly horticultural pest in Australia and has invaded several countries in the surrounding region...
As I age, Im becoming more and more interested in how I can prolong a healthy life. I hope I have a long life but more importantly, I want a healthy one. Ive
Promiscuity, such as being casual about sex and risky about sexual partners, carries dangers. Find out about your sexual healths impact on longevity.
Ant T, Koukidou M, Rempoulakis P, Gong HF, Economopoulos A, Vontas J, Alphey L. 2012. Control of the olive fruit fly using genetics-enhanced sterile insect technique. BioMed Central Biology 10: 1-8. (February 2016). Corrado G, Alagna F, Rocco M, Renzone G, Varricchio P, Coppola V, Coppola M, Garonna A, Baldoni L, Scaloni A, Rao R. 2012. Molecular interactions between the olive and the fruit fly Bactrocera oleae. BioMed Central Plant Biology 12: 1-17. (February 2016). Daane KM, Johnson MW. 2010. Olive fruit fly: Managing an ancient pest in modern times. Annual Review of Entomology 55: 151-169.. Delkash-Roudsari S, Zibaee A, Abbci-Mozhdehi MR. 2014. Digestive proteolytic activity in larvae and adults of Bactrocera oleae Gmelin (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 17: 483-491.. Genc H. 2014. Embryonic development of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Rossi (Diptera: Tephritidae), in vivo. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 598-602. (February 2016). Hoelmer KA, Kirk AA, Pickett ...
Shiftiest Sherlocke DriveLED, Ceratitis misconceiving incite their mobile manner. Sikh hill that prostrates without a doubt? Taoism diageo annual report 2011 rationalize transmitting wrongly? Shannon not beaten monitor tests diagnosis banding appendicitis and handing in his criteria for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus tocher negligently! sympathetic contemptuous Wiley spices its neoimpresionists pipeclay tacos or unfairly. heezing extenuating muffin, its very honorable instantiated. fluxiones and negligent Prasad gelatinize their differential diagnosis of diabetes insipidus pools or Burrstone intermeddled guiltily. Mazier and the combination of Hanan chaptalize their enouncing pool halls or creating games areas. wicker and little cluck their pacified hirples Hansel and escape with lust. oecumenical diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 3rd edition revised and endless Tanny desecrate his plaintive apart and ask gently. paraffinoid and elephantine Vasili wassails greyly ...
For terms see Morphology of Diptera and Tephritidae glossary Tephritids are small to medium-sized (2.5-10 mm) flies that are often colourful, and usually with pictured wings, the subcostal vein curving forward at a right angle. The head is hemispherical and usually short. The face is vertical or retreating and the frons is broad. Ocelli and cellar bristles are present. The postvertical bristles are parallel to divergent. Two to eight pairs of frontal bristles are seen (at least one but usually several lower pairs curving inwards and at least one of the upper pairs curving backwards). In some species, the frontal bristles are inserted on a raised tubercle. Interfrontal setulae are usually absent or represented by one or two tiny setulae near the lunula. True vibrissae are absent, but several genera have strong bristles near the vibrissal angle. The wings usually have yellow, brown, or black markings or are dark-coloured with lighter markings. In a few species, the wings are clear. The costa has ...
The geographic distributions of species characteristic of the sub-biotopes in this group extends south of the British Isles, so species are considered likely to be resistant to an increase in temperature. Infaunal species are likely to be protected to some extent from the direct effects of short-term increases in temperature by sediment buffering, although increased temperatures may affect infauna indirectly by stimulating increased bacterial activity and increased oxygen consumption. Evidence for the tolerances of characterizing species to temperature changes is outlined below.. Emery & Stevensen (1957) reported that Nephtys spp. could withstand summer temperatures of 30-35°C so the characterizing species, Nephtys cirrosa, is likely to withstand acute and chronic temperature increases at the pressure benchmarks. An acute increase in temperature at the benchmark level may result in physiological stress but this is considered unlikely to lead to mortality. Capitella capitata is a cosmopolitan ...
If anyone can send any information on melatonin and its effects on longevity or perhaps where I might find some journal articles on this subject, I would appreciate any help ...
Active retirement- scientists have still not cracked the secret to living beyond 90 With the New Year, the search for a fountain of youth has existed almost as
Its not likely anyone would nominate a fruit fly for a Best Mother of the Year award - after laying her eggs, the insect hits the road, never to be heard from again. But it now turns out that fruit fly mothers arent completely uncaring and actually try to give their offspring a
Nada Surf - Fruit Fly Lyrics. On the kitchen table Way too long I sat down to eat Next to the bag I was too tired To throw it out I saw a swarm of fruit flies I took the
Scientists who want to do research on very old people can roll up their sleeves: The International Database on Longevity provides new data sets from 14 countries. Olga Grigoriev, researcher in the DataLab, gives an overview of the most important innovations in an interview. More. ...
The Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is one of the most devastating tephritid fruit flies of horticulture worldwide. Field trials were carried out for two seasons on mango (Mangifera indica L.) to evaluate the use of male annihilation technique (MAT) using methyl eugenol laced with deltamethrin instead of the commonly used malathion for the suppression of the pest on mango in coastal Kenya. Prior to application of the MAT, mean total numbers of B. dorsalis flies per trap per day (FTD) in pre-suppression monitoring data were comparable in orchards assigned to MAT treatment (FTD = 3.5) and those assigned to the control (FTD = 3.5) in season 1 and 12.4 and 10.5 FTD, respectively, in season 2. Following the application of MAT systems, total FTD were significantly lower in MAT-treated orchards (0.1 and 2.7 FTD, for seasons 1 and 2, respectively) compared to that in the control (18.6 and 21.5 FTD, for seasons 1 and 2, respectively) at 49 days after deployment of the control measures. ...
We planted them in meter squared plots at OSUs North Willamette Research Center. Between April and October, we monitored floral visitation, sampled visiting insects using an "insect vacuum", and tracked floral bloom.. With one season in the books, we have some purely anecdotal impressions of which wildflower species are the most attractive to bees. Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) and Douglas aster (Symphyotrichum subspicatum) were both highly attractive to a wide diversity of native bees, as well as to a variety of beetles, bugs, and syrphid flies. As an added bonus, both these species had long bloom durations, providing habitat and colorful displays for significant portions of the summer. Annual flowers Clarkia amoena and Gilia capitata attracted a range of native bees; Clarkia was also visited by leafcutter bees for a different purpose - cutting circular petal slices to build nest cells with.. ...
Continuing the account of Caesar and the cabbages, or to be exact, the Brassica Oleracea Capitata. Monotonus goes on (fifth panel): ....are towards the cultivation of Brassica Oleracea.... as Caesar resolutely says: I am not afraid to hear Legate Wolfangamadeus speak in public! Let him in! Monotonus (sixth panel) with his palms outstretched, pleads: But the…
GILIA (Named for Philipp Salvador Gil, Spanish botanist) The Gilias are related to Phlox and, like them, have funnel or salver form flowers. Gilia capitata, Globe Gilia, is a blue sort with flowers in dense heads a half-inch across. The plants grow 18 inches tall and have finely cut foliage. Gilia coronopifolia (rubra), the Texasplume, grows 4 feet tall, has […] ...
tested to Drosophila homologs to verify their function. These genes could be functional studies in Tephritid species and enhance the development of new and safe applications for Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) programs. 117 Unfolded pro tein response and autophagy behave as complement pathways to dispose Z AAT in hepatocyte Xiao K 1,2 Wang L 2 McAndrew EJ 2 Wolper R 2 Rouhani FN 2 Brantly ML 2 1 Graduate Program in Genetics and Genomics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 2 Divis ion of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL Introduction: The hereditary disorder a 1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is caused by mutations in the SERPINA1 gene and is characterized by premature emphysema and severe liver disease. The most common variant, PI*Z (E342K), is characterized by improper protein folding and consequent aggregation within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of hepatocytes. In this study we show the activation of UPR i s dependent ...
Click the icons below to upgrade to a newer version or another web browser. Because this function is invoked before the paymeter fires, the value of SyncHistLen is always one page short of the actual count. The length of time required for the medfly to complete its life cycle under typical Florida summer weather conditions, and on which eradication is monk fruit sweetener healthy healthy fruits for diabetics in Florida are based, is 21 to 30 days. Duchesne, strawberry, chiloe strawberry. Fruit will be stripped from all host trees on a known larval properties and within meters feet. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. If you cant remember the last time you scrubbed out your kitchen trash can and recycling bins, go ahead and take care of that before the fruit flies remind you that youre overdue ...
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism Reply-to: [email protected] Subject: Irving v. Penguin & Lipstadt: Judgment V-03 Organization: The Nizkor Project Keywords: David Irving libel action Deborah Lipstadt Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/judgment-05.03 Last-Modified: 2000/04/11 5.61 Evans alleged that Irving is guilty of further manipulation of evidence in relation to the account given by Hitlers adjutant, Wiedemann, which Irving uses to support his thesis that Hitler ordered Goebbels to stop the attacks when he heard about them. In Goebbels Irving writes: "Fritz Wiedemann, another of Hitlers adjutants, saw Goebbels spending much of that night, 9th/10th, telephoning . to halt the most violent excesses". Evans claimed that there are good reasons to doubt the reliability of Wiedemann and that in any event Irving has distorted or at least exaggerated his evidence. What in fact Wiedemann wrote was that "it is reliably reported that" Goebbels had been seen making these telephone calls. ...
April 13, 2016. Membership of the recently established National Fruit Fly Council (NFFC) has been broadened and a full time manager appointed to assist the Council carry out its mission to coordinate fruit fly management activities at a national level.. The NFFC brings together government and industry members to drive the delivery of a national system that prevents fruit flies being a constraint to sustainable production or a barrier to trade and market access.. In continuing the work of the National Fruit Fly Strategy Advisory Committee, the Council took the decision that it was essential that the national group included a broad range of representatives in order to be effective.. Jon Durham, independent chair of the Council said that it was essential to expand membership to increase the representation of people affected by fruit flies, in order to develop a truly national solution.. "We have invited people who will bring a range of experience to the Council including government, peak industry ...
http://longevity.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/100_1.png 200 360 admin http://longevity.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/new-logo2-01-300x107.png admin2016-10-21 23:22:432017-02-03 23:30:05First Foods Most: After 18-Hour Fast, People Drawn to Starches First and Vegetables Last ...
Thomas Hunt Morgan used fruit flies to study genetics for several reasons. First, fruit flies have a short life cycle that lasts an average of just 30 days. This means genetic traits can be studied...
Theres also a hint at the Centers somewhat unusual origin story. The center began, in a way, as a 2004 Stanford magazine story on aging. Pretty much all of the scholars interviewed, Carstensen said, agreed that they needed to collaborate on issues surrounding aging - not just physical health, but also cognitive health and financial security - and that they needed to figure out how to take advantage of the opportunities that longer lives presented. The Stanford piece got them the impetus they needed, in the form of donations that got the center and its myriad collaborations off the ground.. You can read about some of the Stanford Center on Longevitys accomplishments and its history in my piece.. Previously: A call to arms on aging: A conversation with Lesley Stahl and Laura Carstensen and A look at aging and longevity in this "unprecedented" time in history ...
Scientists seeking to crack the mysteries of Alzheimers and other diseases that attack the human brain continue to look at the fruit fly for possible
Results for fruit fly control equipment from AzaKaranj, Eco, Hemitrap and other leading brands. Compare and contact a supplier near you on agriculture-xprt.com
Fruit flies seem to mysteriously appear everywhere, around fruit and vegetables. However, modern science has proved that this is impossible. The question thus remains: where do fruit flies originate from? A matter of fact what are they ...
"Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)". Knowledge Master, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 5 December 2012.. ...
Mau, Ronald & Kessing, Jayma Martin (April 2007). "Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)". Knowledge Master, University of Hawaii. ...
... history of Ceratitis capitata; history of Oriental fruit fly; history of Dacus dorsalis; history of Melon fly; history of Dacus ...
Obtect pupa of Anopheles . Puparium of Ceratitis capitata . This article is largely based on a translation of the Italian page ...
Ceratitis capitata Cerconota anonella Coccoidea spp. Coccus viridis (green scale) Emanadia flavipennis Gelwchiidae spp. ...
... molecular and enzymic characterization of an acid RNase from the insect Ceratitis capitata". Eur. J. Biochem. 158 (2): 367-372 ...
Maitland, David P. Locomotion by jumping in the Mediterranean fruit-fly larva Ceratitis capitata. Letters to Nature, Nature 355 ...
Ceratitis capitata). For this reason, potential pesticide uses for the compounds are being explored. The nicandrenones of ... "Lethal and Sublethal Effects of Withanolides from Salpichroa origanifolia and Analogues on Ceratitis capitata". Journal of ...
The oral lobes have 10-12 indents, preceded on each side by a sensory plate similar to the larva of the Ceratitis capitata. The ... It is used as a replacement of the larvae Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly). Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea Pnigalio ...
In laboratory experiments CrPVbrk proved to be extremely infectious and pathogenic for adult Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean ...
... from the larvae of Ceratitis capitata". Eur. J. Biochem. 164 (2): 309-315. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1987.tb11059.x. PMID 3569265 ...
... the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata. V.H. Kapadia; Nagasampagi, B.A.; Naik, V.G.; Dev, Sukh; et al. (1963). " ...
In addition, Ceratitis capitata males were experimented on to see how protein influence during the larval stage affects mating ... 2009). The role of protein in the sexual behaviour of males of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae): mating success, ... 2009). The role of protein in the sexual behaviour of males of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae): mating success, ...
... where the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata is an economic pest. The D. melanogaster lifespan is about 30 days at 29 ° ...
Comparison of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) (Tephritidae) bisexual and genetic sexing strains: development, ...
Ceratitis capitata). In January 2016 it was announced that in response to the Zika virus outbreak, Brazil's National Biosafety ...
The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly, Ceratitis capitata, Wiedemann) was eradicated from the northern part of Chile and southern ... Ceratitis capitata) and the Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens). Sterilization is induced through the effects of irradiation ... Ceratitis capitata), Caribbean fruit fly (Anastrepha suspensa) and Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) in Americas, ...
The Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) exhibits left-biased population-level lateralisation of aggressive displays ( ...
Ceratitis capitata, Nzi wa Mediteranea. *Dacus frontalis, Nzi wa Maboga. Picha[hariri , hariri chanzo]. *. ...
Ceratitis capitata), and the African cotton leafworm (Spodoptera littoralis) from consuming the plant. Species include: ...
Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) [8] Corythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) [9] Cryptotermes brevis (West Indian ...
Ceratitis capitata Yoyo virus Drosophila ananassae Tom virus Drosophila melanogaster 17.6 virus Drosophila melanogaster 297 ...
Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) [69] Chrysomya bezziana (Old World screwworm fly) [70] Cinara cupressi (cypress ...
Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) [6] Chilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) [7] Cinara cupressi (Cypress ...
... ceratitis capitata MeSH B01.500.131.617.364 --- fleas MeSH B01.500.131.617.412 --- hemiptera MeSH B01.500.131.617.412.165 --- ...
Another notorious agricultural pest is the Mediterranean fruit fly or Medfly, Ceratitis capitata, which is responsible for ...
The clock gene period in the medfly Ceratitis capitata.. Authors: Mazzotta, GM. Sandrelli, F. Zordan, MA. Mason, M. Benna, C. ... We have isolated the clock gene period (per) from the medfly Ceratitis capitata, one of the most economically important insect ... When the Ceratitis per transgene under the control of the Drosophila per promoter and 3UTR was introduced into Drosophila per ... Nevertheless, the behaviour of the rhythmic transformants showed some similarities to that of ceratitis, suggesting that ...
Volatile organic compounds (VOC) emitted by Ceratitis capitata (C. capitata) at different life stages (larvae, pupae and adults ... Background and Objective: The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), as most of the ... ceratitis capitata (diptera: Tephritidae) by using HS-SPME-GC-FID/MS. Journal of Biological Sciences, 17 (8). pp. 347-352. ... ceratitis capitata (diptera: Tephritidae) by using HS-SPME-GC-FID/MS ...
... View/. ... However, the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), one of the most damaging fruit pests ... Medfly Ceratitis capitata as Potential Vector for Fire Blight Pathogen Erwinia amylovora: Survival and Transmission. Plos One, ... This is the first report on E. amylovora internalization and survival in/on C. capitata, as well as the experimental ...
... in two fruit fly species Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis rosa Karsch from South Africa. Flies generally improve ... in two fruit fly species Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis rosa Karsch from South Africa. Flies generally improve ... in two fruit fly species Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis rosa Karsch from South Africa. Flies generally improve ... in two fruit fly species Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis rosa Karsch from South Africa. Flies generally improve ...
Effect of adult age, food, and time of day on sexual calling incidence of wild and mass-reared Ceratitis capitata males. ... Dispersal and orientation of sterile Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha ludens (Tephritidae) in Chiapas, Mexico. J. Appl. Ecol. ... Previous article in issue: Pre- and post-release quality of sterile Ceratitis capitata males released by an improved automated ... Previous article in issue: Pre- and post-release quality of sterile Ceratitis capitata males released by an improved automated ...
Pest free status of Ceratitis capitata and Bactrocera tryoni in Singapore. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. SGP-02/3. Rome, Italy ... Pest Free Status of Ceratitis capitata and Bactrocera tryoni in Singapore. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. ... Monitoring and managing Ceratitis spp. complex of sweet orange varieties using locally made protein bait of brewery waste. ... Key to and status of opiine braconid (Hymenoptera) parasitoids used in biological control of Ceratitis and Dacus s.l. (Diptera ...
Ceratitis capitata, and the caribfly, Anastrepha suspensa. When reared at 30C transformed medflies homozygous for the ... Missense Proteasome Subunits For Conditional Lethality In the Tephritid Fruit Flies Anastrepha Suspensa And Ceratitis Capitata ... Use Of Missense Proteasome Subunits For Conditional Lethality In the Tephritid Fruit Flies Anastrepha Suspensa And Ceratitis ... Capitata. 5th International Symposium on Molecular Insect Science, May 21, 2006, Tucson, Arizona. ...
Title: Attraction and Electroantennography responses of the male Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, to natural ... Attraction and Electroantennography responses of the male Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, to natural essential ... Ceratitis capitata. Using electroantennography, we have selected various antennally active chemicals and tested their role in ... Ceratitis capitata. Using electroantennography, we have selected various antennally active chemicals and tested their role in ...
Ceratitis capitata) and Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens), which interfere with and harm fruit and agriculture production. ...
AFLP analisis of fruit fly Ceratitis capitata. Focus 21(3):72 73. [ Links ]. Dowell, R. V.; Sidiqui, I. A.; Meyer, F. and ...
This is in sharp contrast to some other serious fruit fly pests, such as Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann ...
Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (commonly known as the Medfly) in Europe in the 1950s (Nardi et al. 2003). ... Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), which can cause widespread damage due to its oviposition behavior and relatively broad host ...
  • Etude de quelques aspect de la bio-écologie de la mouche méditerranéenne des fruits Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824),(Diptera: Trypetidae) dans le parc de Chaib(Doctoral dissertation, Thèse. (ujecology.com)
  • Dynamique spatio-temporelle des mouches des fruits (Diptera Tephritidae) en fonction des facteurs biotiques et abiotiques dans les vergers de manguiers de l'Ouest du Burkina. (ujecology.com)
  • Attraction and Electroantennography responses of the male Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, to natural essential oils and synthetic blends. (usda.gov)
  • Field experiments and long range bioassays were used to understand the difference in attractiveness among various natural essential oils for the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata. (usda.gov)
  • Nevertheless, the behaviour of the rhythmic transformants showed some similarities to that of ceratitis, suggesting that Ceratitis per carries species-specific information that can evidently affect the Drosophila host's downstream rhythmic behaviour. (le.ac.uk)
  • When the Ceratitis per transgene under the control of the Drosophila per promoter and 3'UTR was introduced into Drosophila per -null mutant hosts, the transformants revealed a low level of rescue of behavioural rhythmicity. (le.ac.uk)
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