A plant genus of the family Cephalotaxaceae, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division CONIFEROPHYTA. Members contain homoharringtonine.
Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS. They are esters of the alkaloid cephalotaxine and may be effective as antineoplastic agents.
The deletion and reinsertion of a segment of a nucleic acid sequence in the same place, but flipped in an opposite orientation.
Pyrolysis of organic compounds at the temperature of a hydrogen-air flame to produce ionic intermediates which can be collected and the resulting ion current measured by gas chromatography.

A novel cytotoxic C-methylated biflavone, taiwanhomoflavone-B from the twigs of Cephalotaxus wilsoniana. (1/8)

A novel C-methylated biflavone, taiwanhomoflavone-B (1), together with known compounds, 7,4',7"-tri-O-methylamentoflavone, 6-C-methylnaringenin and apigenin-7-O-beta-glucoside were isolated from an ethanolic extract of Cephalotaxus wilsoniana. The structure of 1 was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Taiwanhomoflavone-B is cytotoxic with ED(50) values of 3.8 and 3.5 microg/ml, against KB oral epidermoid carcinoma and Hepa-3B hepatoma cells, respectively.  (+info)

Investigation of the essential oils from three Cephalotaxus species. (2/8)

Essential oils from leaves of Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook., Cephalotaxus haningtonia K. Koch., Cephalotaxus sinensis Li. and variety Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea Koidz. underwent qualitative and quantitative analysis. The content of the oils obtained by hydrodistillation in the investigated species was 0.01 - 0.22% v/w. Gas chromatography (GC-MS) with flame ionisation detector (FID) showed generally 47 components in the essential oils. In all investigated species the presence of a-pinene varying from 18.4% to 35.1%, as well as sesquiterpene hydrocarbon beta-caryophyllene up to 22% at Cephalotaxus fortunei were revealed as the main components.  (+info)

Antihyperglycemic effect of Cephalotaxus sinensis leaves and GLUT-4 translocation facilitating activity of its flavonoid constituents. (3/8)

The objectives of this study were to investigate the antihyperglycemic effect of Cephalotaxus sinensis leaves and to identify the active components. The antihyperglycemic effect of various fractions (FA, FB, FC, FD) of the 80% ethanol extract of the leaves was evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Among the tested fractions, FC was the most active. FC (0.48 g/kg) given orally for 10 d reduced significantly (p<0.001) the blood glucose of STZ-induced diabetic rats. The food and water intakes of FC (0.48 g/kg)-treated diabetic rats were reduced significantly (p<0.001) when compared to the 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-treated diabetic rats. The activity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of C. sinensis leaves furnished three flavonoid compounds, apigenin-5-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-6-O-beta-D-acetylglucopyranoside] (1), apigenin (2), and apigenin-5-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside] (3). The elevation of GLUT-4 protein level in membrane preparations from mice adipocytes was detected by Western blot analysis after adipocytes were pre-incubated with FC (0.1, 1, 10 mg/ml), apigenin (0.1, 2 mg/ml) and apigenin-5-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-6-O-beta-D-acetylglucopyranoside] (0.1, 2 mg/ml), respectively. Phytochemical investigation and HPLC-DAD analysis of FC indicated that the flavonoids were the major constituents in this fraction. These results suggest that the fraction from C. sinensis leaves is a promising drug for the treatment of diabetes, and that the flavonoids from this plant are the active constituents.  (+info)

Actinopolymorpha cephalotaxi sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from rhizosphere soil of the plant Cephalotaxus fortunei. (4/8)

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Development of microsatellite loci for Cephalotaxus oliveri (Cephalotaxaceae) and cross-amplification in Cephalotaxus. (5/8)

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Antioxidant, antibacterial, cytotoxic, and apoptotic activity of stem bark extracts of Cephalotaxus griffithii Hook. f. (6/8)

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Chemical communication between the endophytic fungus Paraconiothyrium variabile and the phytopathogen Fusarium oxysporum. (7/8)

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The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Cephalotaxus oliveri (Cephalotaxaceae): evolutionary comparison of cephalotaxus chloroplast DNAs and insights into the loss of inverted repeat copies in gymnosperms. (8/8)

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"Cephalotaxus" is a genus of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs, also known as "plum yews." They belong to the family Cephalotaxaceae. These plants are native to eastern Asia, particularly in regions of China, Japan, and Korea.

The bark, leaves, and seeds of some Cephalotaxus species have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes. For instance, an alkaloid extract from the bark and leaves, called "harringtonine," has shown anticancer properties and is being investigated as a potential cancer treatment. However, it's important to note that using these plants or their extracts for medicinal purposes should only be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as they can have toxic effects if not used properly.

Harringtonines are a group of alkaloids isolated from the plant *Cephalotaxus harringtonia* (also known as Platycladus orientalis), which has been used in traditional Chinese medicine. These compounds have been found to exhibit antitumor and anti-leukemic activities, and they are believed to work by inhibiting the formation of microtubules, which are critical for cell division.

Specifically, harringtonines bind to tubulin, a protein that makes up microtubules, and prevent it from forming stable structures. This leads to disruption of the mitotic spindle, which is necessary for chromosome separation during cell division. As a result, cells are unable to divide properly and undergo apoptosis (programmed cell death).

Harringtonines have been studied in clinical trials as potential cancer treatments, but their use is limited due to their narrow therapeutic index and significant side effects, including neurotoxicity and myelosuppression. Further research is needed to develop more targeted and less toxic therapies based on these compounds.

'Sequence inversion' is not a commonly used term in medicine, but it can be found in the context of genetics and genomics. It refers to a type of genetic variation where a segment of DNA is reversed end-to-end, resulting in a sequence that is identical to the original but in reverse order. This type of rearrangement can have various consequences, depending on its location and the function of the genes involved. In some cases, it may lead to changes in gene expression or protein structure, which could potentially contribute to the development of genetic disorders or other health conditions. However, it is important to note that not all sequence inversions have pathological consequences, as many can occur without any noticeable effects on an individual's health.

Flame Ionization is not a medical term, but rather a scientific technique used in analytical chemistry to detect and measure the presence of certain organic compounds. It is based on the principle that when an organic compound is introduced into a flame, it breaks down into ions and electrons, creating an electrical current that can be measured. This technique is often used in gas chromatography to identify and quantify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in biological samples such as breath, blood, or urine. However, it is not typically used as a diagnostic tool in medicine.

... species have often been separated geographically rather than morphologically. The oldest fossils of Cephalotaxus ... Cephalotaxus akitaensis Huzioka - leafy twigs; Miocene, Utto Formation, Akita Prefecture, Japan Cephalotaxus biumbonata Miki - ... Gymnosperm Database Photos: Cephalotaxus fortunei, Cephalotaxus koreana (CS1 errors: missing periodical, Articles with short ... US Cephalotaxus bowerbankii Reid & Chandler - seeds; Eocene, London Clay, Isle of Sheppey, England Cephalotaxus californica ...
... is a coniferous shrub or small tree in the family Taxaceae. It is native to China and possibly to Thailand ... Cephalotaxus oliveri occurs in subtropical evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved forests, coniferous and mixed forests, at ... Liao, W.; Yang, Y. (2013). "Cephalotaxus oliveri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T32331A2815247. doi:10.2305/ ...
... contains catechin-7-O-glucoside. Inhibitors of Osteoclast Differentiation from Cephalotaxus koreana. Kee ... Cephalotaxus koreana, commonly called the Korean plum yew, is a coniferous shrub or small tree in the family Taxaceae. It is ...
... The Gymnosperm Database. "Cephalotaxus wilsoniana Hayata" (in Chinese). Flora Reipublicae Popularis ... Wikispecies has information related to Cephalotaxus wilsoniana. Cephalotaxus wilsoniana is a species of coniferous tree in the ... Therefore, Cephalotaxus wilsoniana is not a common tree species in Taiwan. This taxon is sometimes considered to be a variety ... The wood of Cephalotaxus wilsoniana is light yellowish brown with dense structure and excellent quality, which can be used for ...
... is a species of conifer known by the common name Hainan plum-yew. It is endemic to the island of ... Cephalotaxus hainanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. Downloaded on 01 September 2015. Tripp, Kim ... It is possibly a synonym of Cephalotaxus mannii. This species grows in warmer temperate and subtropical rainforest habitat. ... E. (1995). "Cephalotaxus: the plum yews" (PDF). Arnoldia. 55 (1): 25-39. Han, R. (1994). "Highlight on the studies of ...
Sometimes (e.g.) the species Cephalotaxus griffithii and Cephalotaxus hainanensis are considered synonyms of this species. Liao ... Cephalotaxus mannii is a species of plant in the family Taxaceae. It is a tree up to about 20 metres (66 ft) tall, native to ... "Cephalotaxus mannii". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ... Cephalotaxus, Trees of China, Flora of Assam (region), Trees of Indo-China, Vulnerable plants, Taxa named by Joseph Dalton ...
... are natural products characterized by pentacyclic structure. These alkaloids are commonly found in the ... Entry on Cephalotaxus-Alkaloide. at: Römpp Online. Georg Thieme Verlag, retrieved {{{Datum}}}.Error in template * unknown ... plum yew species (Cephalotaxus), especially in the Japanese plum-yew. The most important representative is cephalotaxin. Other ...
... is a coniferous shrub or small tree in the family Taxaceae. It is native to southern China and is ... Farjon, A. (2013). "Cephalotaxus latifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T42199A2960388. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK. ...
... , commonly called Griffith's plum yew, is a coniferous shrub or small tree in the family Taxaceae. It is ... Conifer Specialist Group 2000 (2006). "Cephalotaxus griffithii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2006. Retrieved 11 June ... Cephalotaxus, Near threatened plants, Taxa named by Joseph Dalton Hooker, Taxobox binomials not recognized by IUCN). ...
... is a coniferous tree in the family Taxaceae. It is native to northern Burma and southern China. It is ... Yang, Y.; Liao, W. (2013). "Cephalotaxus lanceolata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T32330A2815177. doi:10.2305/ ...
Some botanists consider Cephalotaxus koreana and C. sinensis to be synonymous with Cephalotaxus harringtonii.[citation needed] ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cephalotaxus sinensis. Farjon, A.; Rushforth, K. & Christian, T. (2013). "Cephalotaxus ... Cephalotaxus sinensis is a coniferous shrub or small tree in the family Taxaceae. It is native to central and southern China. ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia, commonly known as Japanese plum-yew, Harrington's cephalotaxus, or cowtail pine, is a coniferous ... Cephalotaxus harringtonii is present in Japan. Within Japan, the tree ranges from Kyūshū in the south to Hokkaidō in the north ... Cephalotaxus harringtonii has been in cultivation in the United Kingdom since 1829 and is infrequently encountered as a garden ... It was reclassified by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1846 with a new specific name, Cephalotaxus ...
... is a shrub or small tree growing to as high as 20 m with a diameter at breast height of about 20 cm. They ... Cephalotaxus fortunei, commonly called the Chinese plum-yew, Fortune's yew plum, simply plum yew, Chinese cowtail pine or in ... ISBN 978-0-00-219213-2. Fu, Liguo; Li, Nan (1999). "Cephalotaxus". In Wu, Zheng-yi; Raven, Peter H. (ed.). Flora of China. Vol ... Hilton-Taylor, C.; Liao, W.; Yang, Y. (2013). "Cephalotaxus fortunei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e. ...
argotaenia Cephalotaxus fortunei var. alpina Chamaecyparis obtusa var. obtusa Cupressus arizonica var. glabra, Smooth Arizona ... Chinese incense-cedar Cephalotaxus latifolia, Broad-leaved plum yew Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Port Orford cedar Chamaecyparis ...
Cephalotaxus sp.) Various coniferous plants in the family Podocarpaceae, superficially similar to other yews, are also known by ...
papuana Cephalotaxus fortunei var. fortunei, Fortune's plum yew Cephalotaxus harringtonii var. harringtonii Cephalotaxus ... deodar cedar Cephalotaxus fortunei, Fortune's yew plum Cephalotaxus harringtonii, Harrington's plum yew Cephalotaxus sinensis, ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia); Common columnar hornbeam (Carpinus betulus 'Columnaris'); Large-flowered panicle hydrangea ( ...
Atlas cedar Cephalotaxus hainanensis, Hainan plum yew Cephalotaxus lanceolata, Gongshan plum yew Chamaecyparis formosensis, ... pinsapo Cephalotaxus harringtonii var. wilsoniana, Taiwan plum yew Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis Cupressus goveniana var ...
Cephalotaxus bowerbanki - plum yew Torreya sp. Cupressaceae †Callitris curta (Callitrites curta) - cypress pine †Cupressinites ...
Cephalotaxus koreana) and in Huanarpo Macho (Jatropha macrantha). (−)-Catechin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside is found in the bark of ... "Inhibitors of Osteoclast Differentiation from Cephalotaxus koreana". Journal of Natural Products. 70 (12): 2029-2032. doi: ...
Cephalotaxus hainanensis is a species of plum-yew. There are numerous protected areas and wildlife preserves on the island. ...
Sciadopityaceae †Sciadopitys tertiaria, (abaxial cuticle). Taxaceae †Cephalotaxus pliocaenica, several needles Taxus baccata, ...
HHT is a natural plant alkaloid derived from Cephalotaxus fortunei. HHT and related compound esters of cephalotaxine were ...
Species of plants listed as threatened by IUCN include conifer Cephalotaxus mannii. The only known population of Vietnamese ...
2010 (Neo-Latin genitive case noun cephalotaxi, of Cephalotaxus, isolated from Cephalotaxus fortunei from which the rhizosphere ... Nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from rhizosphere soil of the plant Cephalotaxus fortunei". International Journal of ...
It also abounds with Taxus chinensis, Cephalotaxus fortunei, Torreya grandis, and Quercus hypargyrea (syn. Quercus multinervis ...
On the western side, common species include Daphniphyllum macropodum, Cephalotaxus harringtonii, and Aucuba japonica. On the ...
Celastrus spokanensis CephalotaxusCephalotaxus bonseri - type locality for species Undescribed Ypresian Klondike Mountain ... Shi, G.; Zhou, Z.; Xie, Z. (2010). "A new Cephalotaxus and associated epiphyllous fungi from the Oligocene of Guangxi, South ...
It has since become a wholesale nursery, with products including hollies, azaleas, roses, and cephalotaxus. The nursery is most ...
Plum yew Cephalotaxus fortunei - Chinese plum-yew Cephalotaxus griffithii - Griffith's plum yew Cephalotaxus hainanensis - ... Gongshan plum yew Cephalotaxus latifolia - Broad-leaved plum yew Cephalotaxus mannii - Mann's yew plum Cephalotaxus oliveri - ... The broadly defined Taxaceae (including Cephalotaxus) comprises six extant genera and about 30 species overall. Cephalotaxus is ... Oliver's plum yew Cephalotaxus sinensis - Chinese plum yew Cephalotaxus wilsoniana - Taiwan plum yew, Taiwan cow's-tail pine, ...
Cephalotaxus species have often been separated geographically rather than morphologically. The oldest fossils of Cephalotaxus ... Cephalotaxus akitaensis Huzioka - leafy twigs; Miocene, Utto Formation, Akita Prefecture, Japan Cephalotaxus biumbonata Miki - ... Gymnosperm Database Photos: Cephalotaxus fortunei, Cephalotaxus koreana (CS1 errors: missing periodical, Articles with short ... US Cephalotaxus bowerbankii Reid & Chandler - seeds; Eocene, London Clay, Isle of Sheppey, England Cephalotaxus californica ...
Harringtons Cephalotaxus, Cowtail Pine. Rare plants for sale. Buy unusual flowers, plants for garden and home. Over 5000 ... Cephalotaxus harringtonia. Japanese Plum Yew, Harringtons Cephalotaxus, Cowtail Pine. Family: Cephalotaxaceae Origin: Japan. ... Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata is an upright columnar form. Yew-like blackish-green leaves appear in bottlebrush form. ...
Name: Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata upright Japanese Plum Yew. Type of Plant: Slow growing, upright evergreen that ... I Love Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata aka upright Japanese Plum Yew. Oct 30, 2020 , Love This! ...
Cephalotaxus sinensis seeds cant germinate even in the appropriate environment. However, numerous studies have showed that ... the effect of cold stratification and different concentrations of exogenous GA3 on dormancy breaking in seeds of Cephalotaxus ... 13. Zhou, X.J., Hu, Z.B., Huang, L.D. and Zhang, G.Y. (1997) Studies on Cephalotaxus Plants Resources over China. Journal of ... Cephalotaxus sinensis seeds cant germinate even in the appropriate environment. However, numerous studies have showed that ...
An Cephalotaxus sinensis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Cephalotaxus, ngan familia nga Cephalotaxaceae.[3][4] Ginklasipika han ... Cephalotaxus harringtonii sinensis (Rehd. & E.H. Wilson) Rehd.. Cephalotaxus drupacea sinensis Rehd. & E.H. Wilson ... "Cephalotaxus sinensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. ... An Cephalotaxus sinensis[2] in uska species han Plantae in nahilalakip ha punoan nga Tracheophyta, ngan nga syahan ginhulagway ...
Botanical Name: Cephalotaxus. Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. sinensis. ...
... Stedsegrøn søjleplante.. Kraftige/fede mørkegrønne nåle op til 5 cm. ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata (Japanese Plum Yew) , Connecticuts Wholesale Nursery ...
Spreading Japanese Plum Yew , Cephalotaxus h. Prostrata. Why do I love spreading Japanese plum yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia ...
IMAGES: Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke Gardens kz1, CC BY-SA 4.0, (2) Photo by NC Extension ... Gardener, Duke Gardens - Full form, Jim Lawrence, CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (3) Photo by David J. Stang, Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke ... ":"Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke Gardens ~ Duke Gardens Japanese Plum Yew - 1 GALLON","public_title":"1 GALLON","options":[" ... ":"Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke Gardens ~ Duke Gardens Japanese Plum Yew - 3 GALLON","public_title":"3 GALLON","options":[" ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke Gardens Plum Yew. Cephalotaxus harringtonia Duke Gardens has dark evergreen foliage and a ...
Maat 25-30. Actuele voorraad 632. EAN 8720143010439. ...
Wij hopen dat zowel de gewone bezoeker als de plantenkenner aan zijn trekken komt. Zo is er voor de eerste groep bijvoorbeeld een interactieve plattegrond bovenaan elke pagina. Studenten, liefhebbers, dendrologen, kwekers, tuinarchitecten en anderen kunnen onze plantendatabank raadplegen met de handige zoekmodule.
Total Syntheses of Cephalotaxus Alkaloids. September 28, 2023. News. Metalla-Dual-Azulenes. September 28, 2023. ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia Prostrata) in Oklahoma City Edmond Norman Moore Oklahoma OK at TLC Garden Centers (Cows Tail Pine) ... Cephalotaxus harringtonia Prostrata) in Oklahoma City Edmond Norman Moore Oklahoma OK at TLC Garden Centers (Cows Tail Pine) ...
cephalotaxus. dc.title. Synthetic studies on 1-azabicyclo[5.3.0]decane alkaloids. ...
fluttar í aðrar ættkvíslir: Acmopyle, Afrocarpus, Amentotaxus, Cephalotaxus, Dacrycarpus, Dacrydium, Falcatifolium, Madhuca, ...
Cephalotaxus fortunei. Out of Stock img.stock_icon { float: right; margin-right: -15px; margin-top: 15px; max-width: 70% ! ...
Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS. They are esters of the alkaloid cephalotaxine and may ... Cephalotaxus Alkaloids, Cephalotaxine Alkaloids Expand. Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS ... Three new diterpenoids, mannolides A-C (1-3), and two new Cephalotaxus troponoids, 4 and 5, were isolated from Cephalotaxus… ... Deoxyharringtonine, a new antitumor alkaloid from Cephalotaxus: Structure and synthetic studies. *K. Mikolajczak, R. G. Powell ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata. Upright Plum Yew. The upright growth habit and its fine needle-like texture makes this ... Cephalotaxus harringtonia Golden Dragon. Golden Dragon Plum Yew. A spreading plum yew with yellow highlighted foliage that ... Cephalotaxus harringtonia Prostrata. Prostrate Plum Yew. Interesting texture makes this low-growing plant stand out in any ...
Cephalotaxus harringtonia Fastigiata Plum Yew $79.99. View Details. Cephalotaxus harringtonia Korean Gold Plum Yew. $69.99 ...
Cephalotaxus fortunei: Chinese plum-yew. Cephalotaxus harringtonia: Japanese plum-yew. Ceratonia siliqua: Carob. ...
Cephalomannine was first discovered in the tree, Cephalotaxus mannii (Powell, 1979). Since then, it has been discovered in yew ... Powell R, Miller R, Smith Jr C. (1979) Cephalomannine; a New Antitumour Alkaloid from Cephalotaxus mannii. Journal of the ...
... anisodactylous sikes dissipate several braillewriter into whom Alurate cephalotaxus. Unhomogeneous, a unprideful uncultivable ...
  • Omacetaxine is a cephalotaxine ester (Figure 2) prepared by a semisynthetic process from the leaves of Cephalotaxus harringtonia . (medscape.com)
  • But check out varieties in Japanese plum yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia) to see if you have a match. (walterreeves.com)
  • 2 Spreading Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. (blogspot.com)
  • 1 Fastigiate Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus h. (blogspot.com)
  • Inside the park there are grotesque rocks, dense forest, rare plants (e.g. gingko trees, cephalotaxus fortunei) and animals (e.g. macaque, musk deer, giant salamanders), crystal streams here and there, which are introduced to visitors because of the hot springs. (visitourchina.com)
  • 20. Alkaloids from Cephalotaxus lanceolata and their cytotoxicities. (nih.gov)
  • Cephalotaxus, commonly called plum yew or cowtail pine, is a genus of conifers comprising 11 species, either considered the only member of the family Cephalotaxaceae, or in the Taxaceae when that family is considered in a broad sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS. (bvsalud.org)
  • The taxonomy of Cephalotaxus is difficult, because the species have been defined using characteristics that intergrade with each other, such as the length and shape of needles, bark, and stomatal band color. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cephalotaxus species produce cephalotaxine, an alkaloid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cephalotaxus species have often been separated geographically rather than morphologically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic Diversity of Cephalotaxus mannii, a Rare and Endangered Plant [J]. J Integr Plant Biol. (jipb.net)
  • The youngest fossils of Cephalotaxus in Europe date to the Pliocene, and remains are also known from the Miocene of western North America. (wikipedia.org)