Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Toxicology: The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Ecotoxicology: The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Nursing Assessment: Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.United StatesAnimal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Germinal Center: The activated center of a lymphoid follicle in secondary lymphoid tissue where B-LYMPHOCYTES are stimulated by antigens and helper T cells (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER) are stimulated to generate memory cells.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Maximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Carcinogens, Environmental: Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Child Day Care Centers: Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.Carcinogenicity Tests: Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level: The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.Toxicogenetics: The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Dioxins: Chlorinated hydrocarbons containing heteroatoms that are present as contaminants of herbicides. Dioxins are carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic. They have been banned from use by the FDA.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Xenobiotics: Chemical substances that are foreign to the biological system. They include naturally occurring compounds, drugs, environmental agents, carcinogens, insecticides, etc.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Consumer Product SafetyObserver Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Tertiary Care Centers: A medical facility which provides a high degree of subspecialty expertise for patients from centers where they received SECONDARY CARE.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Trauma Centers: Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Genetic Counseling: An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Trichloroethylene: A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Great BritainEuropeCardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Pharmacokinetics: Dynamic and kinetic mechanisms of exogenous chemical and DRUG LIBERATION; ABSORPTION; BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT; TISSUE DISTRIBUTION; BIOTRANSFORMATION; elimination; and DRUG TOXICITY as a function of dosage, and rate of METABOLISM. LADMER, ADME and ADMET are abbreviations for liberation, absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and toxicology.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Animals, LaboratoryWater Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Mutagenicity Tests: Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Uncertainty: The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Endpoint Determination: Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Poison Control Centers: Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Skin Absorption: Uptake of substances through the SKIN.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins: Protein complexes that take part in the process of PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They are located within the THYLAKOID MEMBRANES of plant CHLOROPLASTS and a variety of structures in more primitive organisms. There are two major complexes involved in the photosynthetic process called PHOTOSYSTEM I and PHOTOSYSTEM II.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Obstetric Nursing: A nursing specialty involving nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.Ethylene Oxide: A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Body Burden: The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.Threshold Limit Values: Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.MiningProgram Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin: A chemical by-product that results from burning or incinerating chlorinated industrial chemicals and other hydrocarbons. This compound is considered an environmental toxin, and may pose reproductive, as well as, other health risks for animals and humans.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Information Centers: Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Decision Trees: A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Hydrobiology: The study of aquatic life inhabiting bodies of water, including growth, morphology, physiology, genetics, distribution, and interactions with other organisms and the environment. It includes MARINE HYDROBIOLOGY.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).ItalyEpidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.CaliforniaEpidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.GermanyCoronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Osteoporotic Fractures: Breaks in bones resulting from low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
"Zika virus infection outbreak, Brazil and the Pacific region" (PDF). Rapid Risk Assessment. Stockholm: European Centre for ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 15 (9): 1347-1350. doi:10.3201/eid1509.090442. ISSN 1080-6059. PMC 2819875 . PMID ... This indicated a potential risk of transmission of the Zika virus through blood transfusions, but there were no confirmed cases ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 5 February 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016. "Neurological syndrome, congenital ...
... www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/risk-assessment/48720427.pdf The Edinburgh Centre for Toxicology. Accessed 2015. Environmental Risk ... PNEC values are often used in environmental risk assessment as a tool in ecotoxicology. A PNEC for a chemical can be calculated ... Environmental Hazard Assessment of Substances. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals. Available online ... Derivation of PNEC for use in environmental risk lacks some scientific validity because the assessment factors are derived ...
Center for Environmental Risk Assessment. "GM Crop Database:Tomato". International Life Sciences Institute. "A puree genius at ... Specifically, there was no evidence for health risks, and the nutritional content was unchanged. The failure of the Flavr Savr ... Safety Assessment of Genetically Engineered Fruits and Vegetables: A Case Study of the Flavr Savr Tomato. CRC Press. p. 288. ...
The assessment and management of suicidality. Sarasota, FL : Professional Resource Press. Suicide Risk Assessment Guide - VA ... Suicide prevention and assessment handbook, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2011. Nancy Boyd-Franklin; Elizabeth N. ... Harris K. M.; Syu J.-J.; Lello O. D.; Chew Y. L. E.; Willcox C. H.; Ho R. C. M. (2015). "The ABC's of suicide risk assessment: ... "Suicide Risk Assessment Doesn't Work". Scientific American. Retrieved 5 April 2017. "National Strategy for Suicide Prevention ...
Risk Assessment in Food Safety. Centre for Food Safety. 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2015-03-30. Centers for Disease Control and ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2015-03-30. "Vegetables". Infotech Portal. Kerala Agricultural University ... those that eat more than five servings have an approximately twenty percent lower risk of developing coronary heart disease or ... "Variety in fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of lung cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer ...
Center for Environmental Risk Assessment. "GTS 40-3-2 (MON-Ø4Ø32-6)". GMO Detection method Database. Shanghai Jiao Tong ... GM foods currently available on the international market have passed safety assessments and are not likely to present risks for ... As with all novel foods, safety assessments in relation to GM foods must be made on a case-by-case basis. Members of the GM ... When seeking to optimise the balance between benefits and risks, it is prudent to err on the side of caution and, above all, ...
A Risk Assessment (Report). The Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge. doi:10.1038/517150a. Randall, Tom (18 ... In mid-2015, the Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge published a report assessing the risks from climate ... They are also likely to be systematically biased towards underestimation of risk, as they tend to omit a wide range of impacts ... It has been proposed that companies be required by law to report on their greenhouse gas emissions and assess the risk this ...
Rapid Risk Assessments. Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. March 9, 2016. "Canary Islands report ... "Zika Virus". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Zika Virus". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kraemer, ... Furthermore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that containers holding water near homes either be ... dosed the first subject in its multi-center phase I trial to evaluate Inovio's Zika DNA vaccine (GLS-5700). In addition to the ...
Toxicology Risk assessment Ecotoxicology Nanomedicine "About Nanotoxicology". Informa Healthcare. Retrieved 2012-05-15. " ... The editor-in-chief is Håkan Wallin (National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Denmark). According to the Journal ... Nanotoxicology is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal that focuses on environmental exposure, hazard, and risk of applied ...
"Saudi Internal Security: A Risk Assessment" (PDF). Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 21 April 2012. [ ... Along with the National Research Center, and the Center for Media and International Communications (previously Center for ... Center for Strategic and International Studies. p. 234. ISBN 9780313380761. "Gen. Asiri named deputy head of General ... Also during the tenure of King Fahd, the administrative structuring of the Information Center was approved. In late January ...
Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment. Final Report. Dec 28, 2005.  National Pesticide Information Center. ... Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment - Final Report "HUMAN HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT / Overview. 3-1". United States Forest ... European Food Safety Authority (16 January 2013) "Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment for bees for ... Conclusion regarding the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance imidacloprid. European Food ...
The operational definition of a food safety authority includes those authorities involved in: food policy; risk assessment; ... In 2001, the Center for Science in the Public Interest petitioned the United States Department of Agriculture to require meat ... "Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella in powdered infant formula" (Meeting report). Microbiological risk assessment series 10. ... "Reducing the risk from E. coli 0157 - controlling cross-contamination". Food Standards Agency, United Kingdom. February 2011. ...
A joint risk-assessment by EFSA/ECDC, issued 29 June 2011, made a connection between the German outbreak and a HUS outbreak in ... The United States Center for Disease Control and the United States Department of Agriculture has long been concerned regarding ... EFSA/ECDC joint risk-assessment (29 June 2011). "Cluster of haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in Bordeaux, France". European ... According to the head of the national E. coli lab at the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, the strain responsible ...
Dublin City Council (2008). "River Dodder Catchment Flood Risk Assessment & Management Study". Retrieved 2008-10-25. Mary C. ... National Hurricane Center (2007-09-10). "Glossary of NHC Terms". Retrieved 2008-10-17. H. E. Willoughby (January 1990). " ... A broad cyclone, Charley gradually intensified, and a single ring of convection around the center developed into an eyewall. At ... On August 13, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) identified the system as a developing subtropical low near Apalachee Bay ...
"Gatwick Stream Dams Flood Risk Assessment" (PDF). Environment Agency. Jan 2011. "Upper Mole Flood Alleviation Scheme". Crawley ... Tilgate Lake is the biggest of three lakes at Tilgate Park, and remains a popular water activity centre and tourist attraction ... Crawley Borough Council are planning to create a water sports lakeside centre where all the activities will be based. Tilgate ... "Tilgate Lake future water sports lakeside centre". Dynamic adventures. 2013. Dynamic Adventures National open water coaching ...
Two of his peer-reviewed articles were recognized by the Risk Assessment Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology as the ... 281). Jefferson, AR: National Center for Toxicological Research. Kimmel, C.A.; Holson, J.F.; Hogue, C.J.; Carlo, G.L. (1984). ... Inorganic Arsenic and Prenatal Development: A Comprehensive Evaluation for Human Risk Assessment. Oxford: Elsevier Science Ltd ... Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment (2000) Evaluating Chemical and Other Agent Exposures for ...
Patrick Lagadec (1982). Major Technological Risk - An Assessment of Industrial Disasters (Oxford; New York). Pergamon Press. ... Center for Tankship Excellence. Retrieved 16 June 2010. Auke Visser (26 August 2010). "Amoco Cadiz". International Super ... Some information on 18 March-24 March Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution - ...
Nevertheless, evidence suggests that pre-discharge home assessments are associated with a reduced risk of falling. Cushioned ... An Overview US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Costs of Falls Among Older Adults US Centers for Disease Control and ... By advance age these risk factors are double and more likely to occur. It's important to identify the risk factors that ... risk assessment, management and prevention". Am. J. Med. 120: 493.e1-6. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2006.07.022. PMID 17524747. ...
GRC's primary concern is geological risk assessment and management. GRC's expertise includes: Static and Impact Testing of ... MIRARCO shares a floor in the Willet Green Miller Centre with CEMI (Centre for Excellence in Mining Innovation). An open-house ... "Mirarco - Centre for Environment Montoring" (PDF). Mirarco.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012- ... "Centre for Excellence in Mining Innovation (CEMI)". Miningexcellence.ca. Retrieved 2012-09-07. ...
Sudbury: The Laurentian University Museum and Arts Centre. ISBN 978-0-920041-00-0. "Sudbury Area Risk Assessment Vol 1 Chapter ...
Examples include watershed-scale modeling and risk assessment; nonlinear population models structured by age, body size, or ... The center also hosts candidate forums, conferences and workshops. The center acts as a logistical hub for a number of Working ... The center hosts or participates in a number of public programs that are free and open to the public. Urban Sustainability ... The Asia Center is a new initiative to develop programs and partnerships for research and capacity building throughout Asia. ...
USAID/Dominican Republic Cross-Sectoral At-Risk Youth Assessment (PDF). Newton, MA: Education Development Center, Inc. 2010. pp ... In Latin America and the Caribbean, it is estimated that over 50% of the population between 12-24 years is at-risk in ... Cunningham, Wendy (2008). Youth at Risk in Latin America and the Caribbean: Understanding the Causes, Realizing the Potential. ...
The European Food Safety Authority published a guidance for risk assessment in 2010. Genetically modified mice are the most ... "Background: Cloned and Genetically Modified Animals". Center for Genetics and Society. April 14, 2005. "Knockout Mice". ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) EFSA (2010). "Guidance on the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified ... at its centre of origin". Molecular Ecology. 20 (19): 4182-4194. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05258.x. PMID 21899621. CS1 maint ...
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Rapid Risk Assessment. Local transmission of Schistosoma haematobium in ... In July 2015, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control declared the risk of transmission to be low. As of 2016[ ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 19 July 2016. "Travellers to Southern Corsica warned about parasitic ...
30(6): 1294-1302 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 2014. Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus infection outbreak ... ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/Zika-virus-French-Polynesia-rapid-risk-assessment.pdf, 14 February 2014. ...
... increases the risk of developing diabetes by 1.5 times and is the greatest risk of the common genetic variants. Most of the ... Evidence Report/Technology Assessment (128): 1-11. PMC 4780988. PMID 16194123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-10. ... Centers for Disease Control (Endocrine pathology). *ADA's Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2019 ... while medication does not reduce risk after withdrawal. While low vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of ...
... along with epigenetic biomarkers to improve models predicting breast cancer risk. Molecular signatures of risk are also being ... As part of the Rays of Hope Center for Breast Cancer Research, ~100 patients are consented annually to the Breast Research ... epithelial cells as well as the prevalence of environmental contaminants in the milk to assess exposures and subsequent risk. ... collected and curated at the Pioneer Valley Life Sciences Institute in collaboration with clinicians at Baystate Medical Center ...
Participation in this health risk assessment is meant to help you determine your risk for hepatitis B. Your answers will remain ...
... to help you understand and manage your risk. ... Risk factors for cancer include those you can control (smoking ... Memorial Sloan Kettering recognizes the importance of assessing your cancer risk and of detecting the disease early, when there ... the Clinical Genetics Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering can help you to understand your risk for disease. ... Genetics Service has specially trained genetic counselors and physicians who can discuss ways to minimize your cancer risk as ...
As a contributor you will produce quality content for the business of healthcare, taking the Knowledge Center forward with your ... Risk Assessment High Priorities was last modified: July 23rd, 2015 by Guest Contributor ... There are three major OSHA standards affecting a physician practice (listed here in the order of their risk to the practice, ... Train the staff on the risks and how to deal with the chemical. ... Home » Knowledge Center » Industry News » Risk Assessment High ...
China National Centre for Food Safety Risk Assessment (CFSA) will celebrate the second World Food Safety Day (WFSD) in various ... China National Centre for Food Safety Risk Assessment to celebrate World Food Safety Day. 20/05/2020 ... Consumers will be encouraged to start with themselves in taking the effective actions to identify and control the risks along ...
As a contributor you will produce quality content for the business of healthcare, taking the Knowledge Center forward with your ... Risk Assessment High Priorities: Part 2 was last modified: June 4th, 2015 by Guest Contributor ... Physician practices often focus on risks associated with noncompliant billing and lose sight of the most elemental risk ... We are looking for thought leaders to contribute content to AAPCs Knowledge Center. ...
Take our cancer, joint and stroke risk tests to learn more. ... Are you at risk? Find out by taking this free risk test.. The ... for a weight-related condition and learn how to take action to reduce your level of risk by taking this free risk assessment.. ... Find out if youre at risk for stroke. Take the free risk test. ... 2019 Swedish Medical Center. All Rights Reserved. Terms & Use ... Knowing your risk factors and family history is extremely important. Take the first, easy step by spending a few minutes with ...
Layer of Protection Analysis: Simplified Process Risk Assessment. CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) ... Simplified Process Risk Assessment (US $223.95). -and- Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis, 2nd Edition ... Because of its simplified, quicker risk assessment approach, LOPA is destined to become a widely used technique. Join other ... Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a recently developed, simplified method of risk assessment that provides the much-needed ...
Research at the Center for Cancer Risk Assessment. Research at the Center for Cancer Risk Assessment (CCRA) is devoted to ... Learn more about genetic counseling at the Center for Cancer Risk Assessment ... Learn more about genetic counseling at the Center for Cancer Risk Assessment ... advancing all aspects of cancer risk assessment, screening and prevention. The Center has both laboratory and clinical ...
Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center, ERASC, Acronyms:. Title: U.S. EPAs Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center (ERASC ... EPAs Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center (ERASC). U.S. EPAs Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center (ERASC). Contact ... Title: U.S. EPAs Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center (ERASC) Version: 1.0 Acronym: RCRA Acronym Meaning: RCRA ... labs and centers.. Response. ERASC develops responses that reflect the state of the science for ecological risk assessment and ...
Risk Assessment. One of the most popular services offered by NRMC is an independent Risk Assessment. A typical Risk Assessment ... An independent Risk Assessment increases the confidence of stakeholders and inspires practical action to position the nonprofit ... The Center team has committed to delivering dynamic risk management solutions tailored to nonprofit organizations. These ... NRMCs minimum fee for a comprehensive Risk Assessment is $25,200. We also offer Insurance Coverage Reviews as an add-on ...
Vancouvers park board and Diabetes Canada are teaming up to offer free diabetes-risk assessments at city community centres ... Vancouvers park board and Diabetes Canada are teaming up to offer free diabetes-risk assessments at city community centres ... More than 500 people participated in last years assessments at only one community centre, the release noted. Participants this ... The assessments, the second of what is planned to be an annual occasion marking World Diabetes Day, will continue with limited ...
The Center for Regulatory Effectiveness (CRE) provides Congress independent analyses of agency regulations and is recognized ... TOZZI PLAINTIFFS SUE EPA OVER DIOXIN RISK ASSESSMENT. CRE Advisory Board Member Jim Tozzi and other plaintiffs filed suit ... The new draft guidelines adopt a weight of the evidence approach to risk assessment which, for example, allows substances to be ... Because the guidelines are used in a wide array of risk assessment settings, including pesticide registrations, soil and water ...
OVERVIEW HUMAN HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT.PPTX INTRODUCTION TO RISK ASSESSMENT_RAB_101_CLEARANCE.PPTX TOX RESEARCH IN HUMAN HEALTH ... Risk Assessment Training Experience (RATE) - University of Iowa Superfund Research Center.. Contact. Send an Email ... Introduction to risk assessment [60 minutes] (Geniece Lehmann) • Laws and regulatory foundations for risk assessment [60 ... Identify the four risk assessment steps, their definitions, and how each contributes to a risk assessments overall conclusions ...
you are here: science media centre > roundups for journalists > expert reaction to EFSA risk assessment of aspartame ... expert reaction to EFSA risk assessment of aspartame The European Food Safety Authority conducted a review of the scientific ... Science Media Centre is a registered charity No. 1140827. and a company limited by guarantee, No. 7560997. Registered in ... literature and risk assessment on aspartame and its breakdown products, finding them safe for human consumption at current ...
The CAPRA platform includes hazard mapping, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis tools to support pro-active risk ... DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN - RISK INDICATORS AND FLOOD RISK EVALUATION FOR GUYANA ... IMPLEMENTATION OF A RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY AT A GLOBAL LEVEL USING PROBABILISTIC MODELS, PILOT COUNTRIES: COLOMBIA AND ... CENTRAL AMERICA PROBABILISTIC RISK ASSESSMENT: NICARAGUA AND COSTA RICA February 2008 - July 2009. Funding enterprise/ ...
Alaska courts began receiving information from a pretrial risk assessment tool to assist in bail decisions. The goal is to ... Pretrial risk assessment tool developed for Alaska. PRETRIAL RISK ASSESSMENT TOOL DEVELOPED FOR ALASKA. Pamela Cravez ... Risk assessment tools used for pretrial decisions generally focus on static risk factors. The Public Safety Assessment (PSA), ... Proprietary and open risk assessment tools Alaska, Virginia, and Pennsylvania use risk assessment tools developed specifically ...
The study showed that the use of virtual reality technology leads to a greater change in risk assessment than the traditional ... Using virtual reality to model prototypes for risk assessment in the work place. In vited talk at the Heinz-Nixdorf Symposium ... In Experiment 1, the risk assessments of different types of virtual machine models carried out by safety experts was compared ... The results showed that virtual models that are schematic achieve similar risk assessments as highly complex animated models ...
Communicating risk in disaster risk management systems - experimental evidence of the perceived usefulness of risk descriptions ... Aggregated risk : an experimental study on combining different ways of presenting risk information Månsson, Peter LU ; ... Capability assessments - How to make them useful for decision-making Lindbom, Hanna LU ; Hassel, Henrik LU ; Tehler, Henrik LU ... Lin, Lexin LU ; RIVERA ESCORCIA, CLAUDIA LU ; Abrahamsson, Marcus LU and Tehler, Henrik LU (2017) In Journal of Risk Research ...
At the Center, we have developed risk assessments for use with specific defendant populations (such as the Criminal Court ... Demystifying Risk Assessment: Key Principles and Controversies by Sarah Picard, Michael Rempel, Jennifer A. Tallon, Julian ... Beyond the Algorithm: Pretrial Reform, Risk Assessment, and Racial Fairness by Sarah Picard, Matt Watkins, Michael Rempel, and ... Drawing on a case study of more than 175,000 defendants in New York City, this report concludes concerns over risk assessments ...
The Center for Health Design presents. Safety Risk Assessment Tool. WHAT is the SRA?. The Safety Risk Assessment (SRA) Toolkit ... For the best experience with the Safety Risk Assessment tool, we recommend using the latest version of Chrome or Firefox web ... Copyright 2019 © The Center for Health Design, a 501(c)(3) organization. All Rights Reserved. 1850 Gateway Boulevard, Suite ...
News items related to risk assessment. Justice Policy Journal - Volume 16, Number 1 - Spring, 2019 Jun 13, 2019. Articles on ... juvenile risk assessments, and more.. Californias Bail System: Reform or Abolish? (Part 2) Rebecca Wegley, Aug 25, 2016. The ... Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 424 Guerrero Street, Suite A San Francisco, CA 94110 Phone: (415) 621-5661 Fax: (415) ... 2019 Copyright by Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice. All rights reserved. ...
Bailey, A. and I. Hutter (2005), The man, the wife and the other women - construction of risk and trust in risk assessment of ... Risk assessment of HIV/AIDS among male migrants in Goa India - Theoretical and empirical viewpoints. Paper presented at Centre ... Bailey, A. and I. Hutter (2005), I know where she goes - the construction of trust in risk assessment of HIV/AIDS among male ... Bailey, A. and Hutter, I (2004), Risk assessment of HIV/AIDS among male labour migrants in Goa, India. Paper presented at the ...
... Other people who can help with Risk Assessment (Financial and Organisational). ... Risk Assessment (Financial and Organisational), Risk Assessment (Health and Safety / Fire). Notes:. Produce a 5 step guide to ... Risk Assessment (Financial and Organisational), Risk Assessment (Health and Safety / Fire). Notes:. The BHCC Health and Safety ... Guidance on the forms of insurance available to charity trustees, highlighting the importance of risk assessment ...
2016Resource CentreHuman Health RisNonprofit Risk Management CenterSearchContentSuperfund Research CenterApproach to risk assessmentExposureEFSAFire-risk-assessmentEcological risk assessmentIdentifyMainHazard identificationPretrial detentionData Center Risk AssessmentPrioritiseAppointmentCarcinogenRacial FairnessNonprofit's risk landscapeBreast cancerDefendantUptime InstituteYear'sOCCUPATIONAL HEALTHUnderstand the risksUndermineNational Risk AssessmentHigh RiskConfidence of stakeholdersImpactsDepartmentsInfrastructureConduct a Risk AssessmentParticipantsDescribeENewsDefendantsPesticideHealth risk appraisal and healthMedical CenterOrganizationUnderstandingFairnessCancerPracticeHazardsWorkplaceProportionateUrbanClinicalPrinciplesGenetic
- The division, created in 2016, is performing pretrial risk assessments on all defendants, as well as providing court reports and recommendations, monitoring individuals released pretrial, and providing other pretrial supervision services. (alaska.edu)
- Schütz, A. (2016, Juni) Risk Analysis (Assessment) Using Virtual Reality Technology - Effects of Subjective Experience: An Experimental Study. (uni-bamberg.de)
- In early 2016 Adidas completed a risk-based assessment of its extended supply chain , that is, its Tier 2 processing suppliers and Tier 3 raw material sources that fall outside the mainstream coverage of its labour monitoring programme. (business-humanrights.org)
- Dr. Kathleen Dwyer, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Fran and Earl Ziegler College of Nursing faculty, was an invited speaker at the recent Progressive Oklahoma Baptist State Convention [April 30th - May 4, 2016, in Oklahoma City]. (ouhsc.edu)
- Alongside its core work providing a platform for Human Rights advocates, the Resource Centre runs several focused programme areas and regularly releases briefings and reports on areas of particular interest. (business-humanrights.org)
- Disclaimer: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and its collaborative partners take no position on the diverse views presented in linked material by the various commentators, organizations & companies. (business-humanrights.org)
- One position is for the project PBPK Modeling: Tools and Applications for Human Health Risk Assessment and is located in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. (sra.org)
- A second is in Quantitative Human Health Risk Assessment and is located in Arlington, Virginia. (sra.org)
- For information on the Quantitative Human Health Risk Assessment position, go here . (sra.org)
- The Center for Regulatory Effectiveness (CRE) appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Preliminary Human Health Risk Assessment (Preliminary Risk Assessment) for atrazine. (thecre.com)
- The Australian Centre for Human Health Risk Assessment (ACHHRA) specialises in developing risk-based approaches to monitor and control environmental and workplace threats in Australasia. (monash.edu)
- Free educational information about insurance , including material prepared by the Nonprofit Risk Management Center. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- Example: Yes, I would like to receive educational emails from Nonprofit Risk Management Center. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: Nonprofit Risk Management Center, 204 South King Street, Leesburg, VA, 20175, http://www.nonprofitrisk.org. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- The board and staff of the Prince George's Child Resource Center are extremely pleased with the results of the risk assessment conducted by the Nonprofit Risk Management Center. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- University of Iowa Superfund Research Center. (epa.gov)
- EPA Home » Science Inventory » Risk Assessment Training Experience (RATE) - University of Iowa Superfund Research Center. (epa.gov)
- Objective of these lecture is to present RATE modules at the University of Iowa - Superfund Research Center on October 2. (epa.gov)
- The new draft guidelines adopt a weight of the evidence approach to risk assessment which, for example, allows substances to be classified in the highest hazard category on the basis of animal and mechanistic data. (thecre.com)
- Yet another approach to risk assessment is a full-on review, facilitated by an internal or external risk champion. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- Attend this webinar to simplify your approach to risk assessment, and to focus your energy on implementing risk management activities instead of scoring an endless list of risks. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- and become familiar with exposure assessment. (epa.gov)
- The European Food Safety Authority conducted a review of the scientific literature and risk assessment on aspartame and its breakdown products, finding them safe for human consumption at current levels of exposure. (sciencemediacentre.org)
- Hazard information is combined with exposure and physical vulnerability data, allowing the user to determine conjoint or cascade risk on an inter-related multi-hazard basis. (cimne.com)
- This study assessed the risks posed by noroviruses (NoVs) in surface water used for drinking, domestic, and recreational purposes in South Africa (SA), using a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) methodology that took a probabilistic approach coupling an exposure assessment with four dose-response models to account for uncertainty. (environmental-expert.com)
- By assessing the inherent risk exposure of their supply chain-based on the country of operation and sector of activity-they can prioritize and target interventions," [ Sarah Kerrigan, senior human rights analyst at global risk advisor Verisk Maplecroft] wrote, continuing, "By evaluating existing management systems, organizations can look to strengthen their supplier relationships and find new ways to define and share responsibility throughout the supply chain. (business-humanrights.org)
- In the June 2014 issue of ASHRAE Journal, Bud Offerman, an expert on indoor air published a well-done risk assessment of active and passive exposure to e-cigarette aerosol using standard methods. (ucsf.edu)
- They mention the cancer risk from exposure to nitrosamines, ignoring that the levels found in tobacco cigarettes are up to http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4110871/';1800 times higher. (ucsf.edu)
- Our team can help you get the right care you need while decreasing your risk of exposure or from potentially exposing others. (spacecoastbusiness.com)
- The environment (geographical location, housing, contact with other animals) of the animal is one of the most important determinants of disease risk and exposure for organic swine. (wikipedia.org)
- Three months later the EU's official risk assessment of the pesticide, conducted by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and Germany's Federal Risk Assessment Institute (BfR), came to the opposite conclusion that glyphosate was "unlikely" to cause cancer to humans. (mondialisation.ca)
- These are some of the questions that will be addressed at the next EFSA scientific conference which will focus on the future of scientific risk assessment in food safety, with an emphasis on the social and political context within which it takes place. (scaht.org)
- 1.1 This guide covers the development of fire-risk-assessment standards. (document-center.com)
- Fire Risk Assessment Proves its worth. (fireandsafetycentre.co.uk)
- Take a break from updating your fire risk assessment to exercise your mental agility and solve the following anagrams. (fireandsafetycentre.co.uk)
- The ERASC provides technical information and addresses scientific questions of concern or interest on topics relevant to ecological risk assessment at hazardous waste sites for EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response ( OSWER ) personnel and the Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery ( ORCR ) staff. (epa.gov)
- Requests are channeled to ERASC through the Ecological Risk Assessment Forum (ERAF). (epa.gov)
- ERASC develops responses that reflect the state of the science for ecological risk assessment and also provides a communication point for the distribution of the responses to other interested parties. (epa.gov)
- As a process of ecosystem analysis, ecological risk assessment (ERA) has been widely adopted to analyse the possibility of adverse ecological effects. (environmental-expert.com)
- Participation in this health risk assessment is meant to help you determine your risk for hepatitis B. Your answers will remain confidential and no information reported will ever identify you based on your answers. (stanford.edu)
- Consumers will be encouraged to start with themselves in taking the effective actions to identify and control the risks along the food chain, as well as to combat foodborne diseases. (fao.org)
- Estimate your personal risk of developing breast cancer, identify your risk factors, and learn how to improve them. (aventurahospital.com)
- Learn about strokes and how they can hurt you, estimate your personal risk of having a stroke, and identify your risk factors and how to improve them. (aventurahospital.com)
- Tell them the HRA is intended to identify some of their specific health risks, provide credible web-based sources of health information, encourage and empower them to better manage their personal health, and serve as a tool for dialogue with a health care provider, if so desired. (navy.mil)
- Our Ray W. Moody, M.D. Breast Center is a nationally accredited program, dedicated to helping individuals attain optimal breast health, diagnose and treat breast cancer and identify those who are at high-risk for developing breast cancer. (ormc.org)
- While routine breast exams and mammograms are necessary to identify possible breast cancer in its early stages, research has shown that some women are at higher risk for developing breast cancer based on several factors. (ormc.org)
- The Gail Model has been shown to accurately identify your risk of getting an invasive breast cancer during the next 5 years, and up to age 90 (lifetime risk). (aurorabaycare.com)
- This education explores how to identify affected patients with a family history of cancer, and provides an overview of how Family Cancer Clinics can assist these patients through genetic testing and risk management. (thinkgp.com.au)
- Identify bowel cancer risk categories based on family pedigree. (thinkgp.com.au)
- Identify appropriate patients for referral to Family Cancer Centres. (thinkgp.com.au)
- Our team of data center consultants can assist you in the outage root cause analysis and post-mortem process, helping you identify risk factors that may have led to the outage and to address infrastructure concerns and operations shortcomings to reduce the likelihood of a future outage event. (uptimeinstitute.com)
- Whether you are considering expansion of your existing facilities, consolidation of multiple data center sites or an acquisition or divestiture of data center assets, our team can help you identify the infrastructure and operational health of those assets, remaining lifespan of the facility and overall resiliency of your key data center assets. (uptimeinstitute.com)
- The National Risk Assessment (NRA) provides the Government of Ireland with an opportunity to identify and debate strategic risks facing Ireland over the short, medium and long term and is seen by Government as an important part of the overall process of risk management. (crossborder.ie)
- Although Lexcel isn't a panacea it provides a solid basis from which firms can continuously identify, evaluate and address the risks they face. (centreforassessment.co.uk)
- The IARC report does a good job of hazard identification, addressing strength of evidence, meaning that there are many forms of evidence that support the hypothesis that consumption of processed meat is a risk factor for cancer. (livablefutureblog.com)
- Learn about the risk assessment process specific to hazard identification, analyze and evaluate the risk associated with the hazard and determine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard. (healthandsafetybc.ca)
- When used carefully and ethically, risk assessments can facilitate more informed decisions on bail and pretrial detention. (courtinnovation.org)
- At a time when pretrial detention has been identified as a primary driver of jail populations, risk assessments have contributed to important reforms, promoting the diversion of defendants from jail. (courtinnovation.org)
- However, at least in the New York City example, it finds a more targeted use of risk assessments could both significantly reduce pretrial detention and alleviate racial disparities. (courtinnovation.org)
- Approaches to pretrial decision-making that do not employ risk assessment instruments often fall short when it comes to accurately assessing risk and reducing unnecessary pretrial detention. (courtinnovation.org)
- If targeted correctly, it is possible for risk assessment tools to improve pretrial decision-making -significantly reducing pretrial detention and alleviating racial disparities. (courtinnovation.org)
- Our Data Center Risk Assessment product brings our industry expertise directly to you, resulting in a fast and comprehensive assessment of your facility's infrastructure, mechanical systems and operations protocols. (uptimeinstitute.com)
- Questions about the Data Center Risk Assessment? (uptimeinstitute.com)
- The review was triggered by a simple question: "If we are to manage the risk of modern slavery in our wider supply chain, where should we prioritise our efforts? (business-humanrights.org)
- We will take delegates through some of the most effective and yet 'easy to use' formats available and focus on the skills needed to prioritise risks and the areas where the consequences of hazards are most severe. (walesqualitycentre.org.uk)
- Today we released a new report about risk assessment, ' Beyond the Algorithm: Pretrial Reform, Risk Assessment, and Racial Fairness . (courtinnovation.org)
- Concerns about risk assessment and racial fairness are real-even when a risk assessment tool is deemed to be free of bias, it can contribute to racially disparate impacts. (courtinnovation.org)
- In addition, our team will request and review documents and materials that provide background information on the nonprofit's risk landscape and operations. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- During these intensive engagements, we interview stakeholders representing diverse vantage points across the organization, we bring an outsider's fresh perspective as we consider the nonprofit's risk landscape, and we present detailed recommendations for action steps and strategies that will fortify the mission and key objectives of the nonprofit. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- As part of the Rays of Hope Center for Breast Cancer Research, ~100 patients are consented annually to the Breast Research Registry providing extensive lifestyle and clinical data as well as primary tissues. (umass.edu)
- Epidemiologists ( Bigelow, Hankinson, Reeves, Sturgeon ) are using biometric data such as breast density, DNA methylation, metabolites in urine and hormones, along with epigenetic biomarkers to improve models predicting breast cancer risk. (umass.edu)
- The CCRA laboratory has an active research program aimed at identifying additional common genetic variations in the population that may be associated with an increased risk for developing breast cancer. (massgeneral.org)
- All women, especially those over 50, are at risk for developing breast cancer. (ormc.org)
- The following characteristics may indicate a high risk for developing breast cancer. (ormc.org)
- The Ray W. Moody, M.D. Breast Center takes a multidisciplinary approach to assessing high-risk breast cancer patients . (ormc.org)
- Our team is experienced in working together to develop comprehensive, personalized plans for reducing your breast cancer risk. (ormc.org)
- If you are at high risk for breast cancer, your doctors can help you reduce that risk. (aurorabaycare.com)
- Aurora BayCare providers use the Gail Model to determine if you are at high risk for breast cancer. (aurorabaycare.com)
- Initiated in 2006, the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Program was an outreach effort to area primary care practitioners to encourage the use of the Gail Model for routine breast cancer risk assessment . (aurorabaycare.com)
- Aurora BayCare providers continue to use the Gail Model for breast cancer risk assessment . (aurorabaycare.com)
- If you are at high risk for developing breast cancer, the Aurora Cancer Center team will review your case and help you decide on a course of action. (aurorabaycare.com)
- What can I do to help prevent breast cancer whether I am high risk or not? (aurorabaycare.com)
- The San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS) marked its 31st anniversary with its 2008 meeting, which was the first SABCS presented in collaboration by the CTRC (Cancer Therapy and Research Center at the University of Texas Health Science Center), AACR (American Association for Cancer Research), and the Baylor College of Medicine. (unm.edu)
- The importance of establishing specific risks of developing breast cancer is to gain understanding of how best to monitor women so that breast cancer may be detected and treated in its earliest stages while minimizing false-positives and over-screening. (unm.edu)
- Compared with women in the general population, the risk ratio of the development of breast cancer among women diagnosed with benign breast disease was 1.2 for nonproliferative diseases, 2.02 for proliferative disease without atypia, and 6.92 for atypical hyperplasia (P=0.001). (unm.edu)
- Increased involution resulted in significant reductions in breast cancer risk among all three histologies. (unm.edu)
- This study confirms previous reports of an elevated risk of breast cancer among women with benign breast disease, with the greatest risk among women diagnosed with atypical hyperplasia. (unm.edu)
- Treatment with hormone therapy for relief of menopausal symptoms has also been demonstrated as a risk factor for breast cancer. (unm.edu)
- At this year's SABCS, additional information from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) firmly established that postmenopausal hormone therapy with combined estrogen plus progestin does indeed increase a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. (unm.edu)
- It also provides information to women and physicians about what happens to breast cancer risk after hormone cessation. (unm.edu)
- This study suggests that although breast cancer risk is significantly increased among women who take estrogen plus progestin, these breast cancers have a tendency to be less deadly than breast cancers that develop in women who have never used postmenopausal hormones. (unm.edu)
- Information is entered into a computer program to calculate the risk of carrying a gene mutation (the hereditary connection to breast cancer). (networkofcare.org)
- Judicial officers, defense, and prosecuting attorneys are receiving information from a new pretrial risk assessment tool that calculates whether a defendant is at low, moderate, or high risk for failure to appear at trial or to commit another crime if released. (alaska.edu)
- At the Center, we have developed risk assessments for use with specific defendant populations (such as the Criminal Court Assessment Tool), and offer expert assistance for criminal justice practitioners working to implement their own instruments. (courtinnovation.org)
- Our new report about risk assessment examines the impact of the algorithms that many jurisdictions are using to measure the risk a defendant will be rearrested or fail to appear in court. (courtinnovation.org)
- Produced with the support of Arnold Ventures , 'Beyond the Algorithm' examines the impact of automated formulas that many jurisdictions are using to measure the risk a defendant will be rearrested or fail to appear in court. (courtinnovation.org)
- Each of these approaches offers a potentially meaningful, mission-advancing way to uncover and better understand the risks you face. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- To understand the risks that arise from such logical attacks, we have conducted a risk assessment of an ATM platform. (uni-linz.ac.at)
- Given the variety of diseases prevalent in swine production, both in the United States and abroad, it is important to understand the risks associated with organic swine production. (wikipedia.org)
- This part (2) concerns a different kind of contamination: endemic conflicts of interest in which money and political power undermine scientific risk assessments, placing in jeopardy the public's health and well-being. (mondialisation.ca)
- While they are exposed to various types of natural hazards, flooding and other water-related disasters pose particularly significant risks and undermine long-term economic growth, especially in coastal cities. (oecd.org)
- In Experiment 2, a study was carried out to determine if novice can be better prepared for working with high risk machined when using virtual animated machine models than traditional methods of teaching by means of presentations and videos. (uni-bamberg.de)
- It has been found that in India higher percentages of men have high-risk behaviour and the disease is more common among men than in women. (rug.nl)
- High risk" means the user is likely to be a high consumer of healthcare services. (navy.mil)
- Dr. Margolis is a specialist in breast care and imaging, with professional experience that includes emphasis on breast MRI and high risk screening strategies. (ormc.org)
- But what do we really mean when we say a patient is at "low" "moderate" or "high" risk? (sprc.org)
- With regard to clinical setting, a patient considered high risk in one context (e.g., a college counseling center) might be considered low risk in another context (e.g., an inpatient psychiatric hospital). (sprc.org)
- The screening program is designed to supplement traditional mammography screening practices and encourage proactive, preventative treatment among women at high risk. (aurorabaycare.com)
- Of those women, 13% were identified as high risk. (aurorabaycare.com)
- If you are at high risk, your provider will alert you and encourage you to contact the Comprehensive Breast Center for additional evaluation and treatment options. (aurorabaycare.com)
- A score of more than 1.7% for a 5-year risk or a lifetime score of more than 2 times the normal score for your age may be a sign that you are at high risk. (aurorabaycare.com)
- If we need to deal with them on an issue, such as someone that is high risk, there are agreements in place," he notes. (vanguardcanada.com)
- NRAC relies on what Christiansen calls a 'layered approach' to weed out dangerous passengers, and while he won't disclose the number of high-risk ones the agency identifies, he says the numbers can fluctuate dramatically, an experience he equates to his years as a Customs official. (vanguardcanada.com)
- The real statistical risk of the threats listed cannot be mathematically predicted, and the data analysis tends to follow trends in daily politics and the press, even though risks and 'black swans' (unforeseen high-risk phenomena) should be projected many years into the future. (yle.fi)
- In recognition of this awareness month, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center in Hammond is offering a free online assessment at www.marybird.org/colon to help determine if someone is at high risk for the disease and if they should contact their doctor about discussing screening options. (marybird.org)
- To this end, we have hosted dialogues bringing together policy-makers with data scientists and ethicists and examined the issue of how risk assessment impacts racial disparities. (courtinnovation.org)
- The costs and impacts of data center outages is skyrocketing as our reliance on digital infrastructure increases. (uptimeinstitute.com)
- In this way, investment institutions often underestimate both the financial risks associated with pulp mills, as well as their social and environmental impacts. (cifor.org)
- The outcome of your assessment is a set of objective, actionable recommendations for risk mitigation and remediation to close any gaps and align your site's infrastructure and operations with business requirements and industry best practices. (uptimeinstitute.com)
- He has been responsible for oversight and delivery of more than 150 infrastructure system assessments and dozens of facilities operations assessments. (facilitiesnet.com)
- Considerable investments are made in data centers but the infrastructure frequently does not meet the demands of IT operations. (fujitsu.com)
- Participants this year will all receive a free single-use pass for any park board pool fitness centre, or ice rink. (straight.com)
- This course will cover when a risk assessment must be completed and will give participants hands-on experience in a variety of different methods of conducting risk assessments. (healthandsafetybc.ca)
- She addressed the participants on the topic of "The Health of Our Community" and specifically discussed the use of health risk appraisal and health coaching as a potential strategy. (ouhsc.edu)
- During the stroke screenings, participants will be assessed on the eight factors that increase the risk of a stroke -- high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, smoking, cholesterol, diabetes, exercise, diet and family history. (osu.edu)
- So, clinicians must conceptualize and describe risk in relative terms. (sprc.org)
- Dr. Hill will present information on suicide risk assessment procedures and protocols and describe a model for conceptualizing suicide risk levels. (cbcst.org)
- In the second half of the presentation, Dr. Hill will describe methods for managing suicide risk following a risk assessment and will introduce the Safety Planning Intervention. (cbcst.org)
- 1. Describe key elements of a suicide risk assessment. (cbcst.org)
- 2. Describe and apply a model for conceptualizing suicide risk into various risk levels. (cbcst.org)
- 3. Describe a variety of responses for managing suicide risk and pair responses with corresponding risk levels. (cbcst.org)
- On most products, the only representation is a description of the age of the data (which means little to most users, and cannot be adequately assessed without detailed knowledge of when different technologies were adopted into practice), or at best some assessments such as CATZOC, which mostly describe what the hydrographers did, not what they know (or, more importantly, do not know) about the area. (unh.edu)
- Sign up for the RISK eNews! (nonprofitrisk.org)
- I wrote about the potential value of checklists in the Risk eNews article Making My List and Checking It Twice , describing them as "among the simplest and least expensive tools at your disposal. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- I'll forward this issue of the RISK eNews to Legal & HR colleagues. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- Because the guidelines are used in a wide array of risk assessment settings, including pesticide registrations, soil and water standards, and other areas, the suit represents a major challenge to EPA regulatory practice. (thecre.com)
- Companies who make the pesticide glyphosate refuse to disclose key scientific evidence about its possible risks in the name of trade secrets protection. (mondialisation.ca)
- By Savannah Volkoff and Eileen Thorsos In December 2014, EPA released an updated health risk assessment for the chemical pesticide chlorpyrifos. (duke.edu)
- Surgical specimens are collected and curated at the Pioneer Valley Life Sciences Institute in collaboration with clinicians at Baystate Medical Center. (umass.edu)
- Parrish Medical Center (PMC), a Parrish Healthcare integrated care partner, is located at 951 N. Washington Ave., Titusville, Florida. (spacecoastbusiness.com)
- The 210-bed, not-for-profit, public medical center has served Brevard County for more than 60 years. (spacecoastbusiness.com)
- Media representatives are asked to call Medical Center Media Relations at 614-293-3737 to make arrangements to cover these events. (osu.edu)
- Media Statement: Power Restored to Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center East Hospital -- 11 p.m. (osu.edu)
- While in the program you will attend lab meetings, SCRC seminars, tours of the medical center as well as other activities with the other Summer Program students. (rochester.edu)
- While in the Summer Program, you will be afforded the use of the University's library systems, including the Miner Library in the Medical Center and Rush Rhees library on River Campus. (rochester.edu)
- Within the Medical Center you will find a post office, Chase Bank, three dining facilities, a corner store called Pix's Place and a couple of coffee carts. (rochester.edu)
- On the eastern edge of the University is a retail district called College Town , which is a short walk from the medical center and on-campus housing. (rochester.edu)
- After the kick-off meeting the project team from NRMC will interview 10-30 key stakeholders (staff and members of the board) in order to hear diverse perspectives on the critical risks facing the organization. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- A thorough scan revealed that while we are a well run organization, we had risks that we never imagined. (nonprofitrisk.org)
- Below is a list of quick, easy-to-use online health calculators that will give you a basic understanding of your risk for developing certain health conditions. (largomedical.com)
- According to the model, understanding IP-related risks play an important role in determining the economic value of the organisation's IP. (environmental-expert.com)
- The report presents a climate change risk assessment that aims to be holistic, and to be useful to anyone who is interested in understanding the overall scale of the problem. (harvard.edu)
- Memorial Sloan Kettering recognizes the importance of assessing your cancer risk and of detecting the disease early, when there is the greatest chance of a cure. (mskcc.org)
- Our Clinical Genetics Service has specially trained genetic counselors and physicians who can discuss ways to minimize your cancer risk as much as possible. (mskcc.org)
- For years, researchers around the world have been investigating and talking about the health risks that accompany the consumption of red meat and processed meats, from heart disease to colon cancer-the IARC's report does not contain new information, per se. (livablefutureblog.com)
- There is a small risk of endometrial thickening turning into uterine cancer. (aurorabaycare.com)
- Many women with a family history of breast and ovarian cancer are concerned about whether they or their daughters may also be at risk for these diseases. (umms.org)
- Researchers have identified specific gene mutations that may increase the risk of developing a particular type of cancer. (umms.org)
- Are you at risk for colorectal cancer? (marybird.org)
- The primary risk factor for colorectal cancer is age. (marybird.org)
- In an article recently published in Academic Psychiatry , my colleagues Daniel Murrie and Morton Silverman and I suggest an alternative model of risk formulation to guide clinical practice and workforce education. (sprc.org)
- Further, the national emphasis on applying evidence-based criminal justice tools to policy and practice requires the use of gender-responsive assessment instruments. (wcwonline.org)
- If you would like to ascertain your risk of Type 2 Diabetes we recommend you have a diabetes evaluation at our practice. (templestowedistrictmedicalcentre.com.au)
- This culminated in the publication of How to Practice Prospective Medicine in 1970 - a guide for practising physicians, which outlined the health risk assessment questionnaire, risk computations and patient feedback strategies. (wikipedia.org)
- OSHA requires employers to provide a safe workplace for employees, and grants employees with the right to working conditions free from risk of serious harm. (aapc.com)
- This Risk Assessment course will explain how to approach and carry out risk assessments in the workplace. (walesqualitycentre.org.uk)
- By the end of the course, delegates will be performing your own risk assessments with confidence, and leave with the ability to carry out risk assessments in the workplace without assistance. (walesqualitycentre.org.uk)
- The Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center (NMCPHC) Workplace Health Risk Assessment (HRA) is a brief, anonymous, optional tool for military members and GS civilians which measures lifestyle behaviors that are most commonly associated with adverse health outcomes. (navy.mil)
- 3) PHA data does not include the members workplace identifier and the PHA data cannot be retrieved for use in workplace health risk analyses. (navy.mil)
- We offer a range of health risk assessment services - including program development, community consultations and workplace training - focused on water and air quality, contaminated sites and chemical exposures. (monash.edu)
- Learn in practical terms that a risk assessment is a thorough look at your workplace specific to things that may cause harm to workers. (healthandsafetybc.ca)
- The Center has both laboratory and clinical components. (massgeneral.org)
- Many early models relied on simple math and the assessment of correctional staff and clinical professionals. (alaska.edu)
- Our skilled clinical team utilizes risk assessment tools, diagnostic results and genetic testing to deliver a personalized risk reduction plan. (ormc.org)
- In our experience, the best communication and planning occurs when individual clinicians or entire clinical teams/systems share a framework and language (not just a set of forms) for assessing and managing suicide risk. (sprc.org)
- For nine years I worked with the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, and my job included many hours of discussing the difference between quality of evidence, magnitude of effect, and clinical significance of a particular risk factor or benefit from something such as screening, counseling, vaccine, or chemoprophylaxis. (livablefutureblog.com)