Central Nervous System Cysts: Congenital or acquired cysts of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges which may remain stable in size or undergo progressive enlargement.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.Central Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.Cyst Fluid: Liquid material found in epithelial-lined closed cavities or sacs.Central Nervous System Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the brain, spinal cord, or meninges.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)Epidermal Cyst: Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.Liposarcoma, Myxoid: A liposarcoma containing myxomatous tissue. (Dorland, 27th ed)Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalVitreous Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage into the VITREOUS BODY.Neuroendoscopy: PROCEDURES that use NEUROENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Neuroendoscopy, generally an integration of the neuroendoscope with a computer-assisted NEURONAVIGATION system, provides guidance in NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES.Colloid Cysts: Benign, congenital, neuroepithelial cysts that are typically filled with a viscous mucus. They usually arise in the anterior portion of the THIRD VENTRICLE between the fornices.Third Ventricle: A narrow cleft inferior to the CORPUS CALLOSUM, within the DIENCEPHALON, between the paired thalami. Its floor is formed by the HYPOTHALAMUS, its anterior wall by the lamina terminalis, and its roof by EPENDYMA. It communicates with the FOURTH VENTRICLE by the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT, and with the LATERAL VENTRICLES by the interventricular foramina.Colloids: Two-phase systems in which one is uniformly dispersed in another as particles small enough so they cannot be filtered or will not settle out. The dispersing or continuous phase or medium envelops the particles of the discontinuous phase. All three states of matter can form colloids among each other.Ventriculostomy: Surgical creation of an opening in a cerebral ventricle.Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic: Works about studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.TexasRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Cancer Care Facilities: Institutions specializing in the care of cancer patients.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Steatorrhea: A condition that is characterized by chronic fatty DIARRHEA, a result of abnormal DIGESTION and/or INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of FATS.Hemangioblastoma: A benign tumor of the nervous system that may occur sporadically or in association with VON HIPPEL-LINDAU DISEASE. It accounts for approximately 2% of intracranial tumors, arising most frequently in the cerebellar hemispheres and vermis. Histologically, the tumors are composed of multiple capillary and sinusoidal channels lined with endothelial cells and clusters of lipid-laden pseudoxanthoma cells. Usually solitary, these tumors can be multiple and may also occur in the brain stem, spinal cord, retina, and supratentorial compartment. Cerebellar hemangioblastomas usually present in the third decade with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION, and ataxia. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2071-2)Aminolevulinic Acid: A compound produced from succinyl-CoA and GLYCINE as an intermediate in heme synthesis. It is used as a PHOTOCHEMOTHERAPY for actinic KERATOSIS.Lasers, Semiconductor: Lasers with a semiconductor diode as the active medium. Diode lasers transform electric energy to light using the same principle as a light-emitting diode (LED), but with internal reflection capability, thus forming a resonator where a stimulated light can reflect back and forth, allowing only a certain wavelength to be emitted. The emission of a given device is determined by the active compound used (e.g., gallium arsenide crystals doped with aluminum or indium). Typical wavelengths are 810, 1,060 and 1,300 nm. (From UMDNS, 2005)Endocrine Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on any endocrine gland.Photosensitizing Agents: Drugs that are pharmacologically inactive but when exposed to ultraviolet radiation or sunlight are converted to their active metabolite to produce a beneficial reaction affecting the diseased tissue. These compounds can be administered topically or systemically and have been used therapeutically to treat psoriasis and various types of neoplasms.Cerebellar Neoplasms: Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)Arachnoid Cysts: Intracranial or spinal cavities containing a cerebrospinal-like fluid, the wall of which is composed of arachnoidal cells. They are most often developmental or related to trauma. Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with HYDROCEPHALUS; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and focal neurologic signs. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch44, pp105-115)Arachnoid: A delicate membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord. It lies between the PIA MATER and the DURA MATER. It is separated from the pia mater by the subarachnoid cavity which is filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.Subarachnoid Space: The space between the arachnoid membrane and PIA MATER, filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID. It contains large blood vessels that supply the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD.Subdural Space: Potential cavity which separates the ARACHNOID MATER from the DURA MATER.Syringomyelia: Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)Arachnoiditis: Acute or chronic inflammation of the arachnoid membrane of the meninges most often involving the spinal cord or base of the brain. This term generally refers to a persistent inflammatory process characterized by thickening of the ARACHNOID membrane and dural adhesions. Associated conditions include prior surgery, infections, trauma, SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, and chemical irritation. Clinical features vary with the site of inflammation, but include cranial neuropathies, radiculopathies, and myelopathies. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch48, p25)Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Dermoid Cyst: A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)Ethmoid Bone: A light and spongy (pneumatized) bone that lies between the orbital part of FRONTAL BONE and the anterior of SPHENOID BONE. Ethmoid bone separates the ORBIT from the ETHMOID SINUS. It consists of a horizontal plate, a perpendicular plate, and two lateral labyrinths.Mouth FloorOrbital Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.Subthalamic Nucleus: Lens-shaped structure on the inner aspect of the INTERNAL CAPSULE. The SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS and pathways traversing this region are concerned with the integration of somatic motor function.Deep Brain Stimulation: Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Gene Transfer Techniques: The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.Globus Pallidus: The representation of the phylogenetically oldest part of the corpus striatum called the paleostriatum. It forms the smaller, more medial part of the lentiform nucleus.Antiparkinson Agents: Agents used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The most commonly used drugs act on the dopaminergic system in the striatum and basal ganglia or are centrally acting muscarinic antagonists.Subthalamus: A transition zone in the anterior part of the diencephalon interposed between the thalamus, hypothalamus, and tegmentum of the mesencephalon. Components of the subthalamus include the SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, zona incerta, nucleus of field H, and the nucleus of ansa lenticularis. The latter contains the ENTOPEDUNCULAR NUCLEUS.Phleum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Phl p 4 allergen.Neurosurgery: A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.WashingtonSyndactyly: A congenital anomaly of the hand or foot, marked by the webbing between adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactylies are classified as complete or incomplete by the degree of joining. Syndactylies can also be simple or complex. Simple syndactyly indicates joining of only skin or soft tissue; complex syndactyly marks joining of bony elements.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Rathke's cleft cysts: surgical-MRI correlation in 16 symptomatic cases. (1/80)

Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) are non neoplastic epithelial lesions of the sellar region that have been rarely reported as a clinical entity. We retrospectively reviewed the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), intraoperative, and pathological findings of a series of 16 cases of RCCs operated at our institution since 1992. Concurrently, we discussed the different hypotheses about their embryological origin. The patients included 12 females and 4 males, 11 to 73 years of age. Endocrine disturbance was the most common presentation, followed by headaches and visual impairment. The location of the cyst was intrasellar in 7 cases, intrasellar and suprasellar in 6 cases, and suprasellar in 3 cases. The size of the cyst ranged from 8 to 26 mm (mean 12 mm). MRI signal intensity was quite variable on T1-weighted images. The cyst appeared hyperintense in 6 cases, hypointense in 6 cases, isointence in 3 cases, and heterogeneous in one case. On T2-weighted images (available in 13 cases), the signal intensity was more constant and appeared hyperintense in 11 cases and hypointense in 2 cases. After Gd-DTPA, we did not observe enhancement either of the cyst contents or of the cyst wall, but only of the pituitary gland in all patient. Most often, the pituitary gland was displaced inferiorly by the cyst located above showing a typical image of "an egg in a cup". Fifteen patients were operated upon via the transsphenoidal approach and one upon a frontal craniotomy. Intraoperatively, the cyst contents were gelatinous or thick, and dark colored. In 2 cases, it was cerebrospinal fluid-like corresponding to the signal observed on MRI. The position of the pituitary gland confirmed by surgery in 15 cases coincided with enhancement seen and MR imaging. In 13 cases where biopsy of the cyst wall was performed, it confirmed focally ciliated columnar or cuboid epithelium. A coexistent adenoma was found in one case. In conclusion, we consider that RCCs have varied MRI characteristics so that no pathognomonic sign may be observed. Except in few cases, there were no correlation between MRI and intraoperative findings. Therefore, even with MRI studies, differential diagnoses with others cystic lesions of the sellar region remains extremely difficult. The most interesting findings on MRI studies of RCCs were to locate the pituitary gland to help the surgeon to preserve pituitary tissue during surgery.  (+info)

MR imaging findings of Rathke's cleft cysts: significance of intracystic nodules. (2/80)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rathke's cleft cysts often may be difficult to differentiate from other intrasellar or suprasellar masses on radiologic studies. The purpose of this study was to describe the significance of intracystic nodules, a diagnostic characteristic found in Rathke's cleft cysts, on MR images. METHODS: A retrospective review of MR studies was conducted for 13 patients who, after pathologic analysis, were diagnosed as having Rathke's cleft cyst. These patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced T1- and T2-weighted axial and coronal spin-echo sequential imaging. The signal intensity and incidence of the intracystic nodules on T1- and T2-weighted images were analyzed. The signal intensity of the nodule was compared with that of white matter and surrounding cyst fluid. The signal intensity of cyst fluid was compared with the intraoperative appearance of the cyst fluid. Biochemical and pathologic analyses of the intracystic nodules were conducted in two cases. RESULTS: An intracystic nodule having high signal intensity on T1-weighted images and low signal intensity on T2-weighted images was observed in 10 (77%) of the cases. At surgery, intracystic nodules were yellow, waxy, solid masses. Pathologic analysis showed this nodule to be a mucin clump. Biochemical analysis of the intracystic nodules showed cholesterol and proteins as the main constituents. In the Rathke's cleft cyst with intracystic nodules, cyst fluid revealed low signal intensity to isointensity relative to the intensity of the nodules on T1-weighted images, and isointensity to high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. Intracystic nodules were clearly visible on T2-weighted images. CONCLUSION: Because cyst fluid of Rathke's cleft cysts shows variable intensities on MR images, the specific diagnosis is often difficult when based on MR signal intensity values alone. The presence of an intracystic nodule with characteristic signal intensities on MR images may be indicative of the diagnosis of Rathke's cleft cyst.  (+info)

Colloid cysts of the third ventricle: are MR imaging patterns predictive of difficulty with percutaneous treatment? (3/80)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are rare benign brain tumors. The purpose of this study was to correlate their patterns on MR images with the probability of success of percutaneous treatment. METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent endoscopic treatment for colloid cysts of the third ventricle. The cases were divided into two groups based on difficulty of the aspiration procedure. We reviewed CT scans and MR images and divided cysts into groups based on their signal intensity on the MR images and their density on CT scans. Intensity and density were correlated with difficulty of aspiration during the endoscopic procedure. RESULTS: The aspiration procedure was difficult in 63% of the cases. Eighty-nine percent of hyperdense cysts on unenhanced axial CT scans were categorized as difficult, and 75% of hypodense cysts were categorized as easy. On T2-weighted MR sequences, 100% of low-signal cyst contents were difficult and nearly 63% of high-signal lesions were easy. There was a significant correlation between the T2-weighted sequences and the CT scans regarding the difficulty of the aspiration procedure. CONCLUSION: T2-weighted MR sequences are useful for predicting difficulty of aspiration during stereotactic or endoscopic procedures. A T2-weighted low-signal cyst is correlated with high-viscosity intracystic contents.  (+info)

CSF flow studies of intracranial cysts and cyst-like lesions achieved using reversed fast imaging with steady-state precession MR sequences. (4/80)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differentiating between intracranial cysts or cyst-like structures and communicating or noncommunicating cysts is often not possible with cranial CT or nonfunctional MR imaging. We evaluated a retrospective ECG-gated fast imaging with steady-state precession (PSIF) MR sequence with optional cine mode to differentiate cystic masses from enlarged CSF spaces and to determine the accuracy of detecting communication between cysts and neighboring CSF spaces. METHODS: Fourteen patients with intracranial cystic masses underwent CSF flow studies with an ungated and a retrospective ECG-gated cine-mode PSIF sequence in addition to spin-echo imaging. Findings were evaluated retrospectively by using a five-point rating scale and without knowledge of clinical or other imaging findings. Results were compared with intraoperative findings or with results of intrathecal contrast studies. RESULTS: Eighteen arachnoid cysts and one enlarged cisterna magna were diagnosed. Improved differentiation between cysts and enlarged CSF spaces was obtained with cine-mode PSIF imaging in six lesions (six patients). Increased diagnostic certainty as to communication between cysts and CSF spaces was obtained in 18 cysts (13 patients). Diagnoses were verified by membranectomy in five lesions, by CT cisternography in five lesions, and indirectly by shunting in one cystic lesion. In one case, MR diagnosis was not confirmed by CT cisternography. CONCLUSION: Cine-mode MR imaging with a retrospective ECG-gated flow-sensitive PSIF sequence contributed to the certainty of communication between arachnoid cysts and neighboring CSF spaces with an accuracy of 90%, using surgical findings or intrathecal contrast studies as reference. Differentiation between intracranial cysts and enlargement of CSF spaces and other cystic masses was improved in 25% of cases.  (+info)

Syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) and adrenal insufficiency induced by rathke's cleft cyst: a case report. (5/80)

We report a case of a seventy-year-old woman with syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) and adrenal insufficiency induced by Rathke's cleft cyst. She experienced nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache and disturbance of consciousness induced by hyponatremia at a serum sodium level of 100 mEq/l. In spite of severe hyponatremia, urinary sodium excretion was not suppressed and serum osmolality (270 mOsm/kg) was lower than urine osmolality (304 mOsm/kg), and arginine vasopressin (AVP) remained within normal range. SIADH was diagnosed because she was free from other diseases known to cause hyponatremia such as dehydration, cardiac dysfunction, liver dysfunction, renal dysfunction, hypothyroidism, and adrenal insufficiency. Cranial computed tomographic (CT) scan and cranial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a cystic lesion of approximately 2 cm in diameter in the pituitary gland. These images suggested that the cystic lesion was a Rathke's cleft cyst, which was the cause of SIADH. Water restriction therapy normalized her serum sodium concentration and improved her symptoms. After one year, she suffered from general fatigue, appetite loss, fever, and body weight loss (5 kg/2 months). She had neither hypotension nor hypoglycemia, but her serum sodium level was low and serum cortisol, ACTH, and urine free cortisol were very low. Therefore, secondary adrenal insufficiency was suspected and diagnosed by stimulation tests. After start of hydrocortisone replacement therapy (10 mg/day), her symptoms disappeared. In conclusion, Rathke's cleft cyst should be kept in mind as a potential cause in a patient with SIADH, hypopituitarism, and/or adrenal insufficiency.  (+info)

Congenital destructive hemispheric lesions and epilepsy: clinical features and relevance of associated hippocampal atrophy. (6/80)

We studied the clinical, EEG and MRI findings in 19 patients with epilepsy secondary to congenital destructive hemispheric insults. Patients were divided in two groups: 10 with cystic lesions (group 1), and 9 with atrophic lesions (group 2). Seizure and EEG features, as well as developmental sequelae were similar between the two groups, except for the finding that patients of group 2 more commonly presented seizures with more than one semiological type. MRI showed hyperintense T2 signal extending beyond the lesion in almost all patients of both groups, and it was more diffuse in group 2. Associated hippocampal atrophy (HA) was observed in 70% of group 1 patients and 77.7% of group 2, and it was not correlated with duration of epilepsy or seizure frequency. There was a good concordance between HA and electroclinical localization. The high prevalence of associated HA in both groups suggests a common pathogenesis with the more obvious lesion. Our findings indicate that in some of these patients with extensive destructive lesions, there may be a more circumscribed epileptogenic area, particularly in those with cystic lesions and HA, leading to a potential rationale for effective surgical treatment.  (+info)

Tentorial enhancement on MR images is a sign of cavernous sinus involvement in patients with sellar tumors. (7/80)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to analyze enhancement patterns of the dura around sellar tumors and to compare the results with tumor invasion or compression of the cavernous sinuses. Postoperative enhancement patterns on MR images were compared with preoperative findings. METHODS: Contrast-enhanced coronal and sagittal MR images were examined prospectively in 96 patients with sellar tumors (65 macroadenomas, 15 microadenomas, 14 Rathke cleft cysts, and two chordomas at the sella). All patients underwent surgical treatment, and pre- and postsurgical features on MR images were compared. RESULTS: Presurgical MR images showed dural enhancement in 36.5% of the patients: asymmetric tentorial enhancement in 24 patients, symmetric tentorial enhancement in seven, and sphenoidal ridge or clivus enhancement in four. Asymmetric tentorial enhancement disappeared after surgical decompression in seven patients. For evaluation of cavernous sinus invasion ipsilateral to the enhancement, sensitivity and specificity of the asymmetric tentorial enhancement sign were 81.3% and 86.3%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of the sign were 42.9% and 93.6% for cavernous sinus involvement, including compression and invasion. CONCLUSION: Asymmetric tentorial enhancement is a useful sign in the diagnosis of invasion or severe compression of the cavernous sinus by sellar tumor. The sign may represent venous congestion or collateral flow in the tentorium due to obstructed flow in the medial portion of the cavernous sinus.  (+info)

Intramedullary enterogenous cyst presenting with spastic paraparesis during two consecutive pregnancies: a case report. (8/80)

A 35 year old woman presented with two episodes of spastic paraparesis, occurring in the third trimester of two consecutive pregnancies. The neurological symptoms seemed to be caused by an intramedullary cyst in the thoracic spinal cord. The cyst was subtotally removed and histopathologically diagnosed as enterogenous cyst. Other congenital abnormalities were absent. The peculiar timing of the clinical manifestation of an intramedullary cyst has not been described before. An unequivocal explanation for this phenomenon is missing, but several factors related to pregnancy that may play a part are discussed.  (+info)

  • The natural lifecycle of T. solium tapeworms completes when a human eats pork contaminated by T. solium larval cysts because these can then develop into adult egg-producing intestinal tapeworms. (cdc.gov)
  • Cysticercosis is a rare infectious disease caused by the presence and accumulation of the larval cysts of a tapeworm (cestode) within tissues of the body. (rarediseases.org)
  • There they encyst and develop into larval cysts called cysticerci. (rarediseases.org)
  • A CECT scan of the abdomen revealed bilateral renal tumors (4 cm on the right side and 1 cm on the left side) and multiple pancreatic cysts ( Figure 1 ). (urotoday.com)
  • A CECT scan of the abdomen in 2007 revealed a left, lower pole renal tumor of about 4.3 cm with multiple pancreatic cysts ( Figure 2 ). (urotoday.com)
  • Normal renal system development results from reciprocal inductive interactions between the ureteric bud (UB) and the mesenchyme, and is directed by complex interactions among diverse gene regulatory networks. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • UB will outgrow from the nephric duct, a structure formed from within the intermediate mesoderm, invade the mesenchyme and undergo a series of branching events to form the renal collecting system (collecting ducts, renal calyces, pelvis and ureter), whereas the mesenchyme will give rise to all epithelial cells that form nephrons. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Intraoperative imaging confirmed complete drainage of the cyst (T2 coronal, asterisk). (frontiersin.org)
  • Patients undergo CT or MRI scans to determine the necessary treatment option such as craniotomy, minimally invasive endoscopic fenestration, burr hole drainage of the cyst and shunting. (reference.com)
  • Hydatid cyst rupture into the abdomen is a serious complication of cystic hydatid disease of the liver (Cystic Echinococcosis) with an incidence of up to 16% in some series and can result in anaphylaxis or anaphylactoid reactions in up to 12.5% of cases. (hindawi.com)
  • Laboratory tests revealed a central diabetes insipidus and the MRI displayed an intra and suprasellar, cystic, slightly contrast enhancing mass (Figure 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Upon ingestion, tapeworm eggs release oncospheres, which invade the intestinal wall and disseminate through the bloodstream to form cysts throughout the body. (cdc.gov)
  • The different types of cysts are named for where they start or for the material they contain. (cancer.ca)
  • The right lobe is involved in 75% of cases [ 2 ], and 20-40% of patients have multiple cysts [ 1 , 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary condition in which the kidneys develop multiple cysts. (news-medical.net)
  • If no other sonographic abnormalities are present, the choroid plexus cyst is considered isolated. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • Counseling for a woman after prenatal identification of a fetal choroid plexus cyst should be guided by the presence or absence of other sonographic markers or structural abnormalities, results of maternal screening for risk of trisomy 18 (if performed), and maternal age (Figure 2). (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • In women who screen negative for trisomy 18 (either first- or second-trimester screening) and in whom no other fetal structural abnormalities are visualized on a detailed ultrasound, the finding of an isolated choroid plexus cyst does not require additional genetic testing. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • Examination revealed a left ovarian cyst which was surgically removed. (degruyter.com)
  • Giant supratentorial enterogenous cyst: report of a case, literature review, and discussion of pathogenesis. (springer.com)
  • enteric cyst ( enterogenous cyst ) a cyst of the intestine arising or developing from some fold or pouch along the intestinal tract. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Giardiasis is frequently associated with drinking contaminated water, but some people might get infected by consuming uncooked meat also contaminated with G. duodenalis cysts (the infective stage of the organism). (usda.gov)
  • Trichinosis is mainly spread when undercooked meat containing Trichinella cysts is eaten. (wikipedia.org)
  • We tested stored serum samples from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Migrant Serum Bank for antibodies against T. solium cysts by using the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot. (cdc.gov)
  • Resettlement from regions with known pockets of T. solium tapeworm endemicity, including Southeast Asia, central Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa, is common. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2010, we used the classic enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot for lentil-lectin purified glycoprotein (EITB LLGP) to measure the seroprevalence of antibodies against T. solium cysts among several refugee populations resettled to the United States in previous years. (cdc.gov)
  • CNS) with the larval stage of Taenia solium cyst. (who.int)
  • To rule out Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, we did screening of the whole abdomen with ultrasonography followed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen, and surprisingly, the patient was having bilateral adrenal pheochromocytoma and a hepatic cyst. (nih.gov)
  • The rate of cyst growth is variable, ranging from 1 to 5 cm in diameter per year [ 4 ], and cysts are rarely symptomatic until they reach 10 cm in diameter [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)