Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.
Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
The tip or terminal end of the root of a tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p62)
Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
Resorption in which cementum or dentin is lost from the root of a tooth owing to cementoclastic or osteoclastic activity in conditions such as trauma of occlusion or neoplasms. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
An abnormality in the direction of a TOOTH ERUPTION.
Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Insertion of a tapered rod through the root canal into the periapical osseous structure to lengthen the existing root and provide individual tooth stabilization.
The intermediate sensory division of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The maxillary nerve carries general afferents from the intermediate region of the face including the lower eyelid, nose and upper lip, the maxillary teeth, and parts of the dura.
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).
Anomaly of the tooth, found chiefly in upper lateral incisors. It is characterized by invagination of the enamel at the incisal edge.
Malocclusion in which the mandible and maxilla are anteroposteriorly normal as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (i.e., in neutroclusion), but in which individual teeth are abnormally related to each other.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Small cylindrical pieces of metal used to enhance retention.
Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.
Horizontal and, to a lesser degree, axial movement of a tooth in response to normal forces, as in occlusion. It refers also to the movability of a tooth resulting from loss of all or a portion of its attachment and supportive apparatus, as seen in periodontitis, occlusal trauma, and periodontosis. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p507 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p313)
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Devices, usually alloplastic, surgically inserted into or onto the jawbone, which support a single prosthetic tooth and serve either as abutments or as cosmetic replacements for missing teeth.
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
Surgical reshaping of the gingivae and papillae for correction of deformities (particularly enlargements) and to provide the gingivae with a normal and functional form, the incision creating an external bevel. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).
Most common follicular odontogenic cyst. Occurs in relation to a partially erupted or unerupted tooth with at least the crown of the tooth to which the cyst is attached protruding into the cystic cavity. May give rise to an ameloblastoma and, in rare instances, undergo malignant transformation.
The elaboration of dental enamel by ameloblasts, beginning with its participation in the formation of the dentino-enamel junction to the production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992).
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Anterior midline brain, cranial, and facial malformations resulting from the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to undergo segmentation and cleavage. Alobar prosencephaly is the most severe form and features anophthalmia; cyclopia; severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; SEIZURES; and microcephaly. Semilobar holoprosencepaly is characterized by hypotelorism, microphthalmia, coloboma, nasal malformations, and variable degrees of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Lobar holoprosencephaly is associated with mild (or absent) facial malformations and intellectual abilities that range from mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY to normal. Holoprosencephaly is associated with CHROMOSOME ABNORMALITIES.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.
Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.
Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Therapeutic closure of spaces caused by the extraction of teeth, the congenital absence of teeth, or the excessive space between teeth.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
The selective extraction of deciduous teeth during the stage of mixed dentition in accordance with the shedding and eruption of the teeth. It is done over an extended period to allow autonomous adjustment to relieve crowding of the dental arches during the eruption of the lateral incisors, canines, and premolars, eventually involving the extraction of the first premolar teeth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.
The anatomical frontal portion of the mandible, also known as the mentum, that contains the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the mandible (symphysis menti). This line of fusion divides inferiorly to enclose a triangular area called the mental protuberance. On each side, inferior to the second premolar tooth, is the mental foramen for the passage of blood vessels and a nerve.
Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.
The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Attachment of orthodontic devices and materials to the MOUTH area for support and to provide a counterforce to orthodontic forces.
Orthodontic appliances, fixed or removable, used to maintain teeth in corrected positions during the period of functional adaptation following corrective treatment. These appliances are also used to maintain the positions of the teeth and jaws gained by orthodontic procedures. (From Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p263)
Extraoral devices for applying force to the dentition in order to avoid some of the problems in anchorage control met with in intermaxillary traction and to apply force in directions not otherwise possible.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.
Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Compounds similar to hydrocarbons in which a tetravalent silicon atom replaces the carbon atom. They are very reactive, ignite in air, and form useful derivatives.
The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.
The movement of teeth into altered positions in relationship to the basal bone of the ALVEOLAR PROCESS and to adjoining and opposing teeth as a result of loss of approximating or opposing teeth, occlusal interferences, habits, inflammatory and dystrophic disease of the attaching and supporting structures of the teeth. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Loose-fitting removable orthodontic appliances which redirect the pressures of the facial and masticatory muscles onto the teeth and their supporting structures to produce improvements in tooth arrangements and occlusal relations.
The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
A bony prominence situated on the upper surface of the body of the sphenoid bone. It houses the PITUITARY GLAND.
Loose, usually removable intra-oral devices which alter the muscle forces against the teeth and craniofacial skeleton. These are dynamic appliances which depend on altered neuromuscular action to effect bony growth and occlusal development. They are usually used in mixed dentition to treat pediatric malocclusions. (ADA, 1992)
Mechanical removal of a small amount of tooth structure (not more than a few tenths of a millimeter in depth) to eliminate superficial enamel discoloration defects not successfully removed by bleaching techniques. A common abrasive is a mixture of pumice and hydrochloric acid.
A facial expression which may denote feelings of pleasure, affection, amusement, etc.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Recognition and elimination of potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.
A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.
Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
Malocclusion in which the mandible is anterior to the maxilla as reflected by the first relationship of the first permanent molar (mesioclusion).
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.
A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.
The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.
The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
A complete denture replacing all the natural maxillary teeth and associated maxillary structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying maxillary bone.
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Exposure of the root surface when the edge of the gum (GINGIVA) moves apically away from the crown of the tooth. This is common with advancing age, vigorous tooth brushing, diseases, or tissue loss of the gingiva, the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT and the supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
Any of several burrowing rodents of the families MURIDAE and Bathyergidae, found in eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have short limbs, small eyes with permanently closed lids, and no tail. Three genera SPALAX (Muridae), Heterocephalus (Bathyergidae) and Cryptomys (Bathyergidae) are used frequently as experimental animals in biomedical research. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed)
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
The use of a chemical oxidizing agent to whiten TEETH. In some procedures the oxidation process is activated by the use of heat or light.
Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Surgical excision of the gingiva at the level of its attachment, thus creating new marginal gingiva. This procedure is used to eliminate gingival or periodontal pockets or to provide an approach for extensive surgical interventions, and to gain access necessary to remove calculus within the pocket. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)
Before or during puberty, young people underwent evulsion of an upper incisor tooth. The right incisor would be extracted for a ... Among the Uma people of Central Sulawesi, all of a young girl's incisors (four upper and four lower) were removed in the rite ... In the New Hebrides the two upper central incisors are removed in puberty. This is performed only for girls, as a sign of ... The Maasai people of Kenya extract the lower deciduous incisors of infants at six months, and the lower permanent incisors at ...
The primary teeth typically erupt in the following order: (1) central incisor, (2) lateral incisor, (3) first molar, (4) canine ... Primary dentition starts on the arrival of the mandibular central incisors, usually at eight months, and lasts until the first ... Throughout the mouth, all teeth undergo this same process; it is still uncertain why teeth form various crown shapes-for ... Mandibular teeth erupt in the following order: (1) first molar (2) central incisor, (3) lateral incisor, (4) canine, (5) first ...
The maxillary central incisors contact each other at the midline of the face. The mandibular central incisors are the only ... The deciduous maxillary central incisor begins to undergo mineralization 14 weeks in utero, and at birth 5/6ths of the enamel ... The other type of teeth is the mandibular central incisors. In usually preferred and healthy states, the central incisors touch ... When the teeth are biting down, the maxillary central incisors occlude with the mandibular central and lateral incisors. The ...
In males and females, the mean vertical height of the maxillary central incisors averages 10.6mm and 9.8mm respectively. With ... This means that those affected face the possibility of undergoing repeated procedures. A gingivectomy can also be done to ... have been done to confirm the statistically significant sexual dimorphism relative to the height of visible maxillary incisor ... the lip line at rest, the mean maxillary incisors display is 1.91mm for men and 3.40mm for women (nearly double the amount). ...
A possible variety is the hueque or chilihueque that existed in central and south-central Chile in pre-Hispanic and early ... Dentition of adults:-incisors 1/3 canines 1/1, premolars 2/2, molars 3/2; total 32. In the upper jaw is a compressed, sharp, ... pointed laniariform incisor near the hinder edge of the premaxilla, followed in the male at least by a moderate-sized, pointed ... they have undergone further special modifications. Meanwhile, the New World members of the family became restricted to South ...
In most cases, the involved teeth are the permanent maxillary lateral incisors (55%), followed by maxillary central incisors ( ... A rare morphological variation on maxillary permanent central incisor. J Dent Res Rev [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 5];8 ... brush and floss properly and undergo regular topical applications of fluoride gel to prevent caries and to promote enamel ... Ozcelik, Bahar; Atila, Burcu (2011-01-01). "Bilateral Palatal Talon Cusps on Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisors: A Case ...
The lower incisor edges lie posterior to the cingulum plateau of the upper incisors Division 1 - the upper central incisors are ... The mandible underwent a complex shape changes not matched by the teeth, leading to incongruity between the dental and ... Class I: The lower incisor edges occlude with or lie immediately below the cingulum plateau of the upper central incisors Class ... The upper central incisors are retroclined. The overjet is usually minimal or may be increased. Class III: The lower incisor ...
Maxillary lateral incisor 1.7% Maxillary second premolar 1.5% Mandibular central incisor 0.3% Mestrović SR, Rajić Z, Papić JS ( ... Its polymorphic variant may be associated with hypodontia such as missing lower incisors or in a more severe form of agenesis ... Some factors need to be considered when making a decision whether to undergo space closure. These include facial profile, size ... When moving the canine into the space of the lateral incisor, the dimensions of the canine, root position and gingival position ...
The only other mammals' teeth with pigmented enamel are the incisors of rodents. Apart from the first pair of incisors, which ... Reid F (2009). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. pp. 63-64. Churchfield S (January 1990). ... Shrews have sharp, spike-like teeth, whereas rodents have gnawing front incisor teeth. Shrews are distributed almost worldwide ... In winter, many species undergo morphological changes that drastically reduce their body weight. Shrews can lose between 30% ...
Rediscovery of Lower Incisors in the Pan-American Proboscidean Cuvieronius hyodon Revises Incisor Evolution in Elephantimorpha ... Its distribution areas in central Chile may have been reached relatively late, either by a route from the Pampas to the low ... In general, the gomphotheres are one of the most successful groups among the proboscideans, which underwent numerous changes in ... This bone also formed the alveoli of the upper incisors. These were very long, sometimes up to 59 cm, and they were very wide ...
The upper second incisors grew into tusks, which varied in shape from straight, to curved (either upward or downward), to ... Tusks, which are derived from the incisor teeth, serve both as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. The large ... The Mbuti people of central Africa believe that the souls of their dead ancestors resided in elephants. Similar ideas existed ... which caused their teeth to undergo a three-fold increase in teeth height as well as substantial multiplication of lamellae ...
LAP begins around the age of puberty where there is interproximal loss of attachment of the first molar, and or incisors. on at ... It is essential that all patients undergo a routine periodontal examination to screen for any form of periodontal disease ... in northern and in central Europe, 0.5% in southern Europe, and 0.1-0.2% in North America) and 2.6% of black Africans may have ... LAP is localised to first molar or incisor interproximal attachment loss, whereas GAP is the interproximal attachment loss ...
... all retain at least one lower incisor. In most strepsirrhines, the lower incisors form a toothcomb, which is used in grooming ... In Central and South America forest fragmentation and hunting are the two main problems for primates. Large tracts of forest ... Late in life, female catarrhine primates appear to undergo a cessation of reproductive function known as menopause; other ... Marmosets, which are gum eaters, have strong incisor teeth, enabling them to open tree bark to get to the gum, and claws rather ...
Pituitary hypoplasia associated with a single central maxillary incisor. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Sep-Oct. 9(5):543-4. ... or single central incisors, may be accompanied by varying anterior pituitary deficiencies. [8] Three fourths of individuals ... Hydrocortisone dose and postoperative diabetes insipidus in patients undergoing transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: a ... Evolution of childhood central diabetes insipidus into panhypopituitarism with a large hypothalamic mass: is 'lymphocytic ...
The soft-tissue structures in the primary palate include the nasal tip and the upper central lip. The size, composition, and ... A retrospective cohort study by Smyth and Wu found that of 271 nonsyndromic infants who underwent a cleft palate repair ... Problems with articulation may affect sounds that require placement of the tongue on the upper incisor teeth, as in the /th/ ... to underdevelopment with only 2 incisors. If the premaxilla is unrestrained in the intrauterine and neonatal period it can ...
Triple Impact, Central Incisor, Lateral Incisor and Canine, Caused by Pediatric Dental Trauma (Case Report). Authors: Nineta ... Determination of Anchor Loss in Patients Undergoing Micro-Osteoperforation and Patients Not Undergoing Micro-Osteoperforation ... Five Mandibular Incisors-Rarity of Cases. Authors: Dr. V.K. Shakeel Ahmed; Dr. RekhaBharadwaj; Dr. N.R. Krishnaswamy ... Application of Sustainable Transport Tools in Central Area - Baghdad City. Authors: Areej M. Abdulwahab; Sady A. Tayh; Nabil T ...
origin of the custom of knocking out two central upper incisors in this tribe. The custom is not compulsory but most of the men ... Knocking out the two upper incisor teeth is practised by the Gnanji but the rite, which is called Amara, is not compulsory and ... It is evident that the totemic system in this tribe is undergoing modification though it is doubtful if the natives realise ... The Ashburton like most of the main ranges in Central Australia is composed of quartzite and sandstone but it is low and not ...
... diagnosis underwent rapid palatal expansion with a Haas appliance banded on second deciduous upper molars. Patients' underwent ... We divided the maxillary teeth into three groups: the incisors, the premolars and the molars. We imported the CBCT images of ... We found a statistically significant decrease of the pulp volumes in incisor, premolar and molar teeth (P,.001) between pre- ... is a well validated sampling technique that can be used for pharmacokinetic studies of oncological drugs targeting the central ...
The incisal tip of the most prominent mandibular central incisor. ii The incisal apex of the most prominent mandibular central ... In a detailed analysis of the mode of movement of the lower incisors, the crown tips and root apices of the lower incisors were ... 2). In them, nine patients had undergone bimaxillary surgery, two patients had undergone mandibular surgery only, and the rest ... 6). Table 5 shows that lower incisors were retracted 4.9 mm in the incisal tip and 1.9 mm in the incisal apex. ...
premolars and theupper left lateral incisor• relatively short roots of theupper left central incisor, ... Thepresent patient underwent a systemic CT and local RT for his. rhabdomyosarcoma. While he had hypoplastic roots for someteeth ... remaining upper right deciduous cuspid• labioclination of the bimaxillary incisors• short roots of theupper right lateral ... After two years, adento-alveolar osteotomy was performedat the upper right central incisor due to its dental ankylosis(Figure 4 ...
... and close to the alveolar border opposite the intervals between the central and lateral incisors, there are two little vascular ... The lesser cornua may be unduly long or the stylo-hyoid ligament may be bony; in this case the cartilage has not undergone ... Ossification in membrane commences about the fortieth to forty-fifth day in the angle between the incisor and mental nerves ; ... This commences a little later than the first formation of the coronoid process, opposite the first and second incisor tooth ...
The mandibular incisors underwent continuous spontaneous alignment throughout the treatment period. This can be attributed to ... designated as the mesial of the maxillary right central incisor) by 3 mm to the right in centric occlusion (Figure 1,2). ... the anterior crossbite correction that allowed the maxillary incisors to overlap the mandibular ones and enabled the latter to ...
... are the lower central incisors, followed closely by the upper central incisors. Although all 20 primary teeth usually appear by ... Stage II - Mixed Dentition: This period covers the ages of 6 to 12 years, with the eruption of the permanent incisor (front) ... These toothpastes have undergone testing to insure they are safe to use. ... Permanent teeth begin appearing around age 6, starting with the first molars and lower central incisors. This process continues ...
It undergoes rigorous internal medical review and is updated regularly to reflect new information. ... Supportive PFS analyses were based on an Independent Central Radiology Review. Secondary endpoints included OR, CBR, OS, safety ... Partial to full reversal of effects on the hematolymphopoietic, male reproductive systems, and incisor teeth were established, ... and effects on bone and actively growing incisors in rats only. These systemic toxicities were generally observed at clinically ...
In most people canine teeth are darker than central and lateral incisors and younger people characteristically have lighter ... Enamel acts as a protective layer helping to safeguard the teeth while they undergo the daily stress and strain of chewing, ... In addition to the Cementum, Enamel, Pulp, and Dentin, incisor and upper cheek teeth (premolars and molars) have a structure ... In the inner enamel of rodent incisors, rods are ar-ranged in decussating layers (Fig. 1). In outer enamel, rods are packed in ...
... perpendicular length from the midpoint between the maxillary and mandibular central incisors to the line drawn between the ... Little irregularity index ( Fig 1 ): the sum of the linear displacements of the anatomic contact points of each incisor from ... No patient underwent interproximal enamel reduction, rapid maxillary expansion, or fiberotomy to avoid postretention rotational ... Influence of rapid palatal expansion on maxillary incisor alignment stability. *. Long-term occlusal changes and patient ...
Intraosseous (central) salivary gland tumors. *Hybrid tumors (i.e. a tumor displaying combined forms of histologic tumor types ... Most patients with early-stage lesions that are resectable generally tend to undergo surgery as their initial therapeutic ... Shovel-shaped incisors. *Supernumerary root. *Taurodontism. *Trauma *Avulsion. *Cracked tooth syndrome. *Vertical root fracture ...
Before or during puberty, young people underwent evulsion of an upper incisor tooth. The right incisor would be extracted for a ... Among the Uma people of Central Sulawesi, all of a young girls incisors (four upper and four lower) were removed in the rite ... In the New Hebrides the two upper central incisors are removed in puberty. This is performed only for girls, as a sign of ... The Maasai people of Kenya extract the lower deciduous incisors of infants at six months, and the lower permanent incisors at ...
An ovoid radiolucent area between the central incisor teeth with a poorly defined sclerotic outline can be suspected to be a ... which is located in the palatine bone and behind the alveolar process of the maxillary central incisors, or in the soft tissue ... The nasopalatine ducts ordinarily undergo progressive degeneration; however, the persistence of epithelial remnants may later ... An ovoid radiolucent area with a poorly defined sclerotic outline between the central incisor teeth. ...
The upper two central incisors and right lateral incisor had also been root canal treated and needed to be reinforced with post ... radiograph and thorough examination of the mouth revealed that the upper left premolar had chipped off and needed to undergo a ... After weighing the options with the patient we decided in favour zirconia crowns to be placed on the upper incisors and the ...
... the adducent angle of central incisor measured 12.92°±6.43°. Adducent amount of the incisors reached (5.54±2.21) mm. Incisor ... The patients underwent extraction of bimaxillary premolars and given maximum anchorage to retract the upper incisors. The ... The sagittal section of the long axis of the maxillary central incisor through the incisal edge and root apex was selected to ... Directions of orthodontic tooth move-ments associated with external apical root resorption of the maxillary central incisor[J ...
After discussing the higher risk of immediate placement with the patient, she agreed to undergo ... Replacement of a Missing Upper Left Central Incisor: Late Placement of an RC Bone Level Implant, CAD/CAM Zirconia Abutment. ... Replacement of an Upper Right Central and Lateral Incisor with an Implant-Supported Crown and a Distal Cantilever. Clinical ... Replacement of a Missing Upper Left Central Incisor, Late Placement of an RC Bone Level Implant and Adjacent Tooth Restoration ...
premolars and theupper left lateral incisor• relatively short roots of theupper left central incisor, ... Thepresent patient underwent a systemic CT and local RT for his. rhabdomyosarcoma. While he had hypoplastic roots for someteeth ... remaining upper right deciduous cuspid• labioclination of the bimaxillary incisors• short roots of theupper right lateral ... After two years, adento-alveolar osteotomy was performedat the upper right central incisor due to its dental ankylosis(Figure 4 ...
... of the mandibular primary double right central incisor and congenitally absence of both right and left lateral primary incisors ... The child underwent plastic surgery of the abdomen and penis and a surgery to position the testes correctly at 2 years of age. ... a geminated mandibular right central incisor with 1 root and 1 canal; the absence of a mandibular permanent left incisor ( ... of the mandibular primary double right central incisor and congenitally absence of both right and left lateral primary incisors ...
Mandibular central incisor 0.3%. References[edit]. .mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em;list-style-type ... For instance, maxillary lateral incisors originate where the lateral maxillae and medial nasal bone processes fuse.[11] In ... Some factors need to be considered when making a decision whether to undergo space closure. These include facial profile, size ... When moving the canine into the space of the lateral incisor, the dimensions of the canine, root position and gingival position ...
BILLED MORNING STIMULATIVE REGRESSOR FENESTRATION MATERIALISM BODILESS BATTIKS MATERIALIST BURGLARYS EMULSIN MUGWORTS INCISORS ... SPEECHIFIED NONSUCCESSIVENESS POLECATS PREFERENCE GRAYING BRUTIFIED CUMULOUS METONYMIES TELETEXT CURLS ENSNARLING KID UNDERWENT ... CHIPPIES DRATTING REHEARSALS ESOPHAGAL HARRISBURG EXPIRATORY VULGARIZATION THWACKER LOBBYISM PENSIVENESS SEDIMENTS INCISOR ... DISINFECTIONS PROCESSING GRUMPIEST REEFIER BORDERING COMPACTORS FROZEN PROCESSION REMONSTRANCE FROWSY HEAVENWARD CENTRAL ...
... discontinuation on maxillary central incisor sulcal depth and alveolar bone ridge levels compared with contralateral incisors, ... while 15 teeth underwent continuous traction. One year after treatment, periapical digital X-rays, anterosuperior cone beam ... Aim: Two eruption surgical techniques are commonly described for the treatment of upper impacted central incisors (ICIs): Open ... Materials and methods: Our study involved 28 unilateral impacted maxillary central incisors treated by CEST. Thirteen teeth ...
I had veneers placed over my two top central incisors (two front teeth) as well as having my two bottom central incisors ... When I returned in 2016, I had two more veneers placed over the tooth on either side of each top central incisor. ... Im also one of the numerous people in Australia (both male and female) who have elected to undergo a combined cosmetic surgery ... My decision to venture abroad to undergo a cosmetic procedure was by no means anomalous. A large international study, the Sun, ...
As in this case due to deep carious involvement, the tooth underwent chronic irreversible pulpitis leading to sinus formation ... Jena A. Prevalence and incidence of gemination and fusion in maxillary lateral incisors in Odisha population and related case ... Gemination in primary central incisor. Indavara Eregowda Neena, Roopali Sharma, Parameshwarappa Poornima, Korishettar Basavaraj ... The clinical examination showed the presence of sinus in relation to central incisor and also revealed the presence of ...
premolars and theupper left lateral incisor• relatively short roots of theupper left central incisor, ... Thepresent patient underwent a systemic CT and local RT for his. rhabdomyosarcoma. While he had hypoplastic roots for someteeth ... remaining upper right deciduous cuspid• labioclination of the bimaxillary incisors• short roots of theupper right lateral ... After two years, adento-alveolar osteotomy was performedat the upper right central incisor due to its dental ankylosis(Figure 4 ...
... with maxillary incisors arrested before the bud stage, and normal incisor development in the mandible. Nestin cre;Bmpr1a mutant ... with a concentration of cells along the central axis of the mutant incisors causing the septum to separate into two dental ... Cell populations undergoing proliferation and apoptosis often appear as mirror images of each other within a tissue, with areas ... with a dominant central cusp flanked by accessory cusps (Landova Sulcova et al., 2020). Additionally, the central cusp is ...
Note: This 57-year-old patient had an upper removable prosthesis that replaced both upper central incisors. The prosthesis is ... When a significant skeletal imbalance between the jaws is present, it may be necessary to undergo a surgery to one or both jaws ... C) A view of the upper arch shows the change in incisor inclination and the shape of the arch. (D) Smile before and after the ... A) The upper incisors are tipped backward and cover the lower incisors completely (Class II division 2 malocclusion). The ...
The mandible shows agenesis of the last right molar, ante-mortem loss of the first molars, right canine, central incisors and ... on the right central incisor (Sobolokh, Female, 1700-1750 AD, Oymyakon). © P. Gérard. ... Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review ... The mandible shows agenesis of the last right molar, ante-mortem loss of the first molars, right canine, central incisors and ...
... in addition to some slight reshaping of her maxillary central incisors, her maxillary lateral incisors were lengthened using a ... The maxillary incisor is a major determinant in cosmetic dental treatment plans as well as orthodontic treatment plans. After ... A 16-year-old female underwent full orthodontic treatment at age 12, resulting in both good occlusion and an esthetic smile ( ... examination revealed that her maxillary central incisors were disproportionally larger than her maxillary lateral incisors and ...
Three-dimensional model of the cumulative numbers of caries in upper central incisor teeth. Data were plotted on a log scale, ... First we had, as a very conservative approach, used the least susceptible teeth, the incisors, for assessing threshold sugar ... quality because it was based on detailed observational studies in cohorts undergoing major national dietary change, and not ... They searched the Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences, China National Knowledge ...
... and close to the alveolar border opposite the intervals between the central and lateral incisors, there are two little vascular ... The lesser cornua may be unduly long or the stylo-hyoid ligament may be bony; in this case the cartilage has not undergone ... Ossification in membrane commences about the fortieth to forty-fifth day in the angle between the incisor and mental nerves; it ... Of U-shaped form, as its name implies (Greek v and eldos, like), it consists in the adult of a central part, or body, with ...
Both central and lateral incisors were eligible for inclusion in the study. ... Example of CBCT images of the same incisor near to the apical region, (a) was in FS mode, (b) was in ZS mode and (c) was in HZ ... Only teeth with intact roots and mature apices that had previously not undergone endodontic or restorative treatment were ... Example of CBCT images of the same incisor near to the apical region, (a) was in FS mode, (b) was in ZS mode and (c) was in HZ ...
The lateral incisors have undergone composite resin bonding.. Two veneers have been temporarily placed on the central incisors ... The outer corner of the left central incisor has been rounded and shortened. ...
Meghan Markle has subtle discrepancies in her incisors. The left front central incisor seems to be a tad in front of the right ... Correct tooth contours. The Duchess of Sussexs smile seems to have undergone some type of tooth contouring. This is especially ... It states that the width of the central incisor to lateral incisor to the canine is 1.6:1:0.6 as a ratio. This creates a ... As a High School student, Megan Markle had a gap between her front two central incisor teeth (what we call a Midline Diastema). ...
... report describes the 10-year follow-up data of a patient who underwent fragment reattachment to the maxillary central incisor ... The preparation of an acid-etched dentine surface on a rabbits maxillary incisors The labial surface of the maxillary incisor ... report describes the 10-year follow-up data of a patient who underwent fragment reattachment to the maxillary central incisor ... 1A and B).Then, the labial surface of the prepared incisor was etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel (Gluma Etch 35 Gel, Heraeus ...
... one of the soft-tissue augmentation goals would be to create the interdental papillae between the lateral and central incisors ... The superior osteotomy is made perpendicular to the cortical plate (to further protect the teeth) 5 mm below the incisor apices ... 7 and 8 had undergone significant resorption, resulting in insufficient width for implant placement. According to Misch, it ... male presented to the office for a consultation regarding replacement of the maxillary right lateral and central incisors, ...
Suffocated Maxillary Central Incisors (Surgical and Orthodontic Management): A Report of Two Cases Dr. Barun Kumar Sah, Dr. ... Management of missing maxillary lateral incisor: A contemporary review Dr. Sanjay Prasad Gupta, Dr. Shristi Rauniyar ... and individual quality of life in adolescents and adults undergoing Orthodontic treatment Dr. Oshin Pawar, Dr. Purva Joneja, Dr ... Managed by Tribhuvan University Central Library.. Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a service to provide online publication of ...
Papilla incisor measurements were made either from the middle or posterior border of the papilla and the central incisors. Many ... The posterior border is a relatively stable landmark since it undergoes least change after extraction of anterior teeth (Figure ... The distance between the papilla and the maxillary incisors served as a guide to position maxillary central incisors in ... Positioning of maxillary central incisors can be considered as the starting point of designing anterior aesthetics (Figure 2). ...
For example, development of the mouse incisor precedes development of the molar by ∼24 h, the incisor bud develops ... 2016) used a mouse model to demonstrate that ectodysplasin (EDA), a TNF family ligand that triggers one of the central pathways ... 2016) belonged to a residual or deciduous tooth initially and later became coopted into the formation of incisors. However, ... Several signaling centers appear transiently at different stages of tooth development before they undergo apoptosis and are ...
Mild gingival hyperplasia is noted between maxillary central incisors. Dental bitewing radiographs at (I) 22.11 and (J) 25.3 y ... Histology sections of (A, B) healthy control incisor compared to (C, D) incisor and (E, F) canine from GACI subject 1 reveal ... unusual for primary teeth undergoing exfoliation. Immunohistochemistry for ENPP1 protein in control (J, K) human and (L, M) ... Dental radiographs indicate overretained maxillary central and lateral incisors. (L) Schematic of ENPP1 protein indicating ...
Esthetic and endodontic management of a deep crown-root fracture of a maxillary central incisor ... In severe cases hypomineralised enamel becomes very fragile and undergo surface damage ... Crown fractures in maxillary central incisors. Article published in Int. J. Odontostomat.(2008) ...
Median frenum of upper lip and its influence on spacing of upper central incisor teeth. N Z Dent J 1929;25:116. ... Destruction of the trans-septal fibers between the approximating central incisors,. *Gingivoplasty of any excess labial and/or ... The subjects underwent frenectomy for functional, aesthetic, periodontal or orthodontic reasons. A frenum was judged abnormal ... No attempt was made to dissect trans-septal fibers between approximating central incisors. Gingivoplasty of any excess labial ...
Once the width of the central incisors is determined, the concept of Golden Proportion is re-applied to find out the lateral ... Once the patient undergoing the best smile designing treatment accords the aesthetic approval gingivectomy is performed as ... incisor width and canine width.. *Initial smile design, in certain likelihood, offers no horizontal tooth discrepancy but only ... a critical aspect in aesthetic dentistry that creates geometric or mathematical proportions is applied for central incisors. ...
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the collum angle of maxillary central incisors in Class I, ... Original Article: Comparative tomographic study of the maxillary central incisor collum angle between Class I, Class II, ... All specimens underwent thermocycling. SBS test was applied using a universal test machine at a cross head speed of 1 mm/min. ... Cross-sections including maxillary right and left central incisors were used to calculate the angulation between the crown and ...
Invasive cervical resorption of central incisor during orthodontic.... Evaluation of flexural strength and antibacterial effect ... Association between hypodontia of permanent maxillary lateral incisors and other dental anomalies ... avoiding that research subjects have to undergo unnecessary tests. ... Invasive cervical resorption of central incisor during orthodontic treatment. * Evaluation of flexural strength and ...
NCI) C32221 Body Part C74456 CDISC SDTM Anatomical Location Terminology C32769 Incisor Incisor One of the teeth in front of the ... NCI) C32221 Body Part C74456 CDISC SDTM Anatomical Location Terminology C12438 Central Nervous System Central Nervous System ... A single-cusped (pointed) and usually single-rooted tooth located between the incisors and premolars. (NCI) C32221 Body Part ... The structure, thickness, and state of the endometrium undergo marked change with the menstrual cycle. The mucous membrane ...
One incisor tooth crown has a "shovel" form (a broad vertical scoop) on its internal (lingual) surface; "shoveling" is common ... The matter gets far more complicated, alas, where chert or flint underwent burning in a bonfire of unknown heat. Luckily, at ... The carinated denticulates from the Palaeolithic site of Isernia La Pineta (Molise, Central Italy): tools or flaking waste? The ... on Neanderthal incisors. A canine tooth with occlusal attrition that exposed the pulp canal has a root that is much longer than ...
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  • and congenitally missing primary teeth, namely, the mandibular right and left lateral incisors (Figure 2 and 3). (medscape.com)
  • It rarely occurs in primary teeth (also known as deciduous, milk, first and baby teeth) and the most commonly affected are the adult second premolars and the upper lateral incisors. (wikipedia.org)
  • This set of teeth comprises four central incisors, eight premolars, four lateral incisors, four canines, and eight molars. (thailandmedical.news)
  • At the age of 8, you can generally expect the bottom 4 primary teeth (lower central and lateral incisors) and the top 4 primary teeth (upper central and lateral incisors) to be gone and permanent teeth to have taken their place. (kiddsteeth.com)
  • Immediately above the tubercle there is a median foramen for the transmission of a nutrient vessel, and close to the alveolar border opposite the intervals between the central and lateral incisors, there are two little vascular canals. (co.ma)
  • To investigate the differences in morphological characteristics of borderline class III patients who had undergone camouflage orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery, and to compare the treatment effects between these two modalities. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • In the orthodontic group, reverse overjet was corrected by retraction of the lower incisors and downward and backward rotation of the mandible. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • They were in the permanent dentition and had not undergone orthodontic treatment. (dpjo.net)
  • The data suggest that knowledge of all the biomarkers present in the GCF that can be used to mark the changes in tooth that is undergoing orthodontic treatment may be of clinical usefulness leading to proper choice of mechanical stress to improve and to shorten treatment time and avoid side effects. (jpbsonline.org)
  • The patients underwent extraction of bimaxillary premolars and given maximum anchorage to retract the upper incisors. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • Conclusions: Conventional attachment types may be just as effective as Invisalign's proprietary optimized attachments for rotations of canines and premolars and extrusion of incisors and canines. (slicer.org)
  • This prospective study evaluated 3,760 patients, 25 years of age or older, who were to undergo third molar surgery by oral and maxillofacial surgeons practicing in the United States. (researchgate.net)
  • We show that at these stages in the murine mandibular arch in the absence of epithelium, the Shh targets Ptc1 and Gli1 are upregulated in diastema mesenchyme, an edentulous region between the sites of molar and incisor tooth formation. (biologists.com)
  • Soon after the eruption of molar teeth, permanent incisors start replacing the primary incisors. (thailandmedical.news)
  • Patients who had undergone molar tooth extraction and immediate implant placement at five different centers, and followed up between August 2015 and September 2020, were evaluated. (dentalxp.com)
  • In South Sudan, lower incisors (and sometimes also the canines), are extracted shortly after their eruption, as a rite of passage, for beauty, to allow the emission of specific linguistic sounds and to facilitate oral sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of permanent maxillary canines results in the medial shifts of the roots of permanent incisor teeth. (thailandmedical.news)
  • Behind the incisors, the canines can be found in stallions and geldings. (equestrianspace.com)
  • Dentition in children below 13 years of age undergoes a constant change and should never be regarded as stationary during this time. (thailandmedical.news)
  • This article will give you details on when teeth erupt in foals, the changes between temporary and permanent dentition, and changes that teeth undergo. (equestrianspace.com)
  • Objective Using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in image measurement on the patients with maxillary protrusion, the study aims to identify the changes in root and alveolar bone before and after treatment by upper incisor retraction. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • The sagittal section of the long axis of the maxillary central incisor through the incisal edge and root apex was selected to measure the changes in the root and alveolar bone before and after incisional treatment. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • Conclusion After compensatory treatment of patients with maxillary protrusion, the root length of upper incisor was absorbed remarkably. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • Data derived from principal component analysis of radiographic images show that children with mild hypodontia may display significant increase of the interincisal angle and decrease in the maxillary and mandibular incisor angles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maxillary central incisors were commonly injured involving enamel fracture. (srmjrds.in)
  • the enamel on these maxillary primary incisors is evidence of a severe metabolic disturbance occurred probably during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. (don-probabilmente.com)
  • The mandibular dental midline deviated from the maxillary dental midline (designated as the mesial of the maxillary right central incisor) by 3 mm to the right in centric occlusion (Figure 1,2). (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • This case report describes the management of open apices with periapical radiolucencies in maxillary central incisors. (jidonline.com)
  • In some children, lower central incisor is the first teeth to erupt. (thailandmedical.news)
  • As early as 4 months, the first primary (or baby) teeth to erupt through the gums are the lower central incisors, followed closely by the upper central incisors. (kiddsteeth.com)
  • needs update] In Asia, tooth extraction and mutilation have been recorded in Central Sulawesi, eastern Guizhou, French Indochina and Sumatra, and also in Northern Formosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a dental morphologicalaberration and serious malocclusion, he underwent theextraction of the abnormal teeth and auto-tooth transplantationat the irradiated region. (cupdf.com)
  • The pulp of a tooth is the inner, central core of the tooth. (ambrosepd.com)
  • Anteriorly the sockets of the incisor and canine teeth produce a series of vertical elevations (juga alveolaria), of which that corresponding to the canine tooth is the most prominent. (co.ma)
  • Patient presented with narrow incisors due to previous treatment that relied too heavily upon enamel reproximation and scarificed tooth proportion and aesthetic outcome. (rapidbraces.com)
  • In addition, agenesis of the mandibular left lateral permanent incisor germ was noted on radiography. (medscape.com)
  • Intraoral view of the mandibular primary double right central incisor and congenitally absence of both right and left lateral primary incisors. (medscape.com)
  • Periapical radiograph displaying a geminated mandibular right central primary incisor with one root and one root canal and absence of a mandibular permanent left incisor. (medscape.com)
  • Orthopantomograph showing absence of a mandibular permanent incisor. (medscape.com)
  • The patients were scanned by NewTom VGi to obtain CBCT data before and after treatment with upper incisor retraction. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • After discussing the higher risk of immediate placement with the patient, she agreed to undergo "early implant placement after soft-tissue healing" simultaneously with guided bone regeneration (GBR) for hard-tissue augmentation. (iti.org)
  • Dental anxiety among patients undergoing endodontic treatment. (shengsci.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental anxiety expressed among patients undergoing endodontic treatment with respect to some social and dental parameters. (shengsci.com)
  • Advanced topical remineralising treatments may then be prescribed to help support a renewed oral environment that promotes healthy and strong teeth, for both well individuals and medically compromised patients with reduced saliva flow (such as those taking certain medications or undergoing treatments for cancer). (melbournedentistry.com)
  • The radiograph and thorough examination of the mouth revealed that the upper left premolar had chipped off and needed to undergo a second root canal treatment and to be reinforced with a post and core for the secure retention of a crown. (subadental.com)
  • After weighing the options with the patient we decided in favour zirconia crowns to be placed on the upper incisors and the chipped-off premolar. (subadental.com)
  • Permanent teeth begin appearing around age 6, starting with the first molars and lower central incisors. (kiddsteeth.com)
  • The papers submitted to our dentistry journal will undergone through perfect plagiarism checks, later peer reviewed by the expert group and published after through revisions. (oatext.com)
  • In Indonesia, the teeth that are most commonly removed in such rituals are the incisors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Changes in root and alveolar bone before and after treatment by retracting the upper incisors[J]. West China Journal of Stomatology, 2018, 36(6): 638-645. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • A 14-year-old male underwent multidisciplinary treatment for rhabdomyosarcoma of his right cheek when he was three years old. (cupdf.com)
  • Furthermore, placement of implants in sites that had been edentulous for shorter periods was associated with greater crestal bone loss, a finding that may have implications for younger adults undergoing such treatment. (jidonline.com)
  • Lower central incisors are the first set of permanent teeth which replace the primary teeth. (thailandmedical.news)
  • The upper two central incisors and right lateral incisor had also been root canal treated and needed to be reinforced with post and core abutments. (subadental.com)
  • We have all the information you need about public and private dental clinics that provide incisor root canal in Wiltshire. (whatclinic.com)
  • Compare all the dentists and contact the incisor root canal clinic in Wiltshire that's right for you. (whatclinic.com)
  • Incisor Root Canal prices from £251 - Enquire for a fast quote ★ Choose from 9 Incisor Root Canal Clinics in Wiltshire with 8 verified patient reviews. (whatclinic.com)
  • In Hawaii, incisors were knocked out with a stick and rock, which frequently resulted in the presence of residual roots within the jaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS:This research included 205 permanent incisors with complicated crown fractures. (shengsci.com)
  • A negative correlation exists between the variable quantity of the labial-side alveolar bones and adducent angle of the upper incisor. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • Milk teeth are oval and flat, adult incisors are more circular, and senior horses have triangle incisors. (equestrianspace.com)
  • The adducent angle, adducent amount, and the amount of elongation of the upper incisor teeth were measured by cephalograms. (hxkqyxzz.net)
  • The people of the Cape Flats have been performing dental modification for at least 60 years, by removing their incisors. (wikipedia.org)
  • He had undergone a tumor resection when he wasthree years and had subsequently received CT (vincristine,actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and cisplatin) and RT(Linac X-ray, total 44 Gy) for rhabdomyosarcoma of his rightcheek, according to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma study-III protocol [2], one year after surgery. (cupdf.com)
  • The child underwent plastic surgery of the abdomen and penis and a surgery to position the testes correctly at 2 years of age. (medscape.com)
  • Shh -/- mice have defects in the neural tube, central nervous system and limbs. (biologists.com)
  • Dental evulsion was at one time a common practice in Africa, especially in East and East Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequently, a segmental osteotomy was performed because of dental ankylosis of the right upper central incisor. (cupdf.com)
  • However, hardly any epidemiological data of TDI in central India is available for clinical audit, service management, planning of future services, and effective targeting of preventive measures. (srmjrds.in)
  • The surgical group was corrected by setback of the lower anterior dentoalveolus and uprighting of the lower incisors. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • The child's mother reported that her child had a PBS during the anamnesis procedure, and he had been undergoing regular medical check-ups since birth because of this finding. (medscape.com)
  • However, whether iRoot BP Plus shows superiority over calcium hydroxide as a pulpotomy material on permanent incisors with complicated crown fractures remains unknown. (shengsci.com)