Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the family BOMBACACEAE. The fine silky hairs covering the seeds have been used for floatation, stuffing, and insulation.
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.

Mental health care in the primary health care setting: a collaborative study in six countries of Central America. (1/268)

The results of a naturalistic epidemiological study conducted in 6 Central American countries in collaboration with the WHO/PAHO Regional Office are reported, aimed at describing the patients with mental distress presenting to the primary health care setting, the interventions enacted and the evolution of the patients over the 6 months following recruitment. A total of 812 patients were recruited by the personnel of 11 primary health care centres. A high degree of heterogeneity was observed with respect to the patients' characteristics and the patterns of care provided. The factors potentially contributing to the heterogeneity, identified through multivariate analyses, are discussed in detail against the specific background differences between countries and between areas within each country. Interestingly albeit expectedly, besides the differences in health care provision and availability, social needs appear to influence both interventions and outcomes.  (+info)

Impact of maternal nativity on the prevalence of diabetes during pregnancy among U.S. ethnic groups. (2/268)

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the impact of maternal nativity (birthplace) on the overall prevalence of diabetes during pregnancy and among 15 racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Birth certificate data for all resident single live births in the U.S. from 1994 to 1996 were used to calculate reported diabetes prevalence during pregnancy and to assess the impact of maternal birthplace outside of the 50 states and Washington, DC, on the risk of diabetes before and after adjustment for differences in maternal age, other sociodemographic characteristics, and late or no initiation of prenatal care overall and for each racial and ethnic group. RESULTS: Mothers born outside of the U.S. are significantly more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy. The impact of maternal nativity on diabetes prevalence is largely explained by the older childbearing age of immigrant mothers. However, adjusted diabetes risk remains elevated for Asian-Indian, non-Hispanic black, Filipino, Puerto Rican, and Central and South American mothers who were born outside the U.S. Conversely, birthplace outside the U.S. significantly reduces diabetes risk for Japanese, Mexican, and Native American women. CONCLUSIONS: Identification, treatment, and follow-up of immigrant mothers with diabetes during pregnancy may require special attention to language and sociocultural barriers to effective care. Systematic surveillance of the prevalence and impact of diabetes during pregnancy for immigrant and nonimmigrant women, particularly in racial and ethnic minority groups, and more detailed studies on the impact of acculturation on diabetes may increase understanding of the epidemiology of diabetes during pregnancy in our increasingly diverse society.  (+info)

Geographic distribution of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus subtype IE genotypes in Central America and Mexico. (3/268)

Phylogenetic analysis of 20 strains of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus subtype IE isolated from 1961 to 1996 in Mexico and throughout Central America showed that VEE virus subtype IE was monophyletic with respect to other VEE virus subtypes. Nonetheless, there were at least three distinct geographically separated VEE virus IE genotypes: northwestern Panama, Pacific coast (Mexico/Guatemala), and Gulf/Caribbean coast (Mexico/Belize). Strains from the Caribbean coast of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua may cluster with the Gulf/Caribbean genotype, but additional isolates from the region between Guatemala and Panama will be required to firmly establish their phylogenetic position. Viruses associated with two separate equine epizootics in Mexico in the 1990s were phylogenetically related to nonepizootic viruses from neighboring Guatemala and may represent the emergence or re-emergence of equine-virulent VEE virus subtype IE in Middle America.  (+info)

Helicobacter pylori infection in indigenous families of Central America: serostatus and oral and fingernail carriage. (4/268)

Helicobacter pylori infection remains one of the most common in humans, but the route of transmission of the bacterium is still uncertain. This study was designed to elucidate possible sources of infection in an isolated, rural population in Guatemala. A total of 242 subjects in family units participated in the study. A medical history, including a history of dyspepsia, was taken by a physician and immunoglobulin G antibodies to H. pylori were detected with the QuickVue (Quidel, San Diego, Calif.) onsite serology test. Overall, 58% of subjects were seropositive, with a positive relationship between mother and child (P = 0.02) and a positive correlation between the serostatuses of siblings (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.63). There was no association between serostatus and gastric symptoms. Oral H. pylori was detected from periodontal pockets of various depths and the dorsum of the tongue by nested PCR. Eighty-seven percent of subjects had at least one oral site positive for H. pylori, with the majority of subjects having multiple positive sites. There was no association between periodontal pocket depth and the detection of H. pylori. Nested PCR was also used to detect H. pylori from beneath the nail of the index finger of each subject's dominant hand. Overall, 58% of subjects had a positive fingernail result, with a significant positive relationship between fingernail and tongue positivity (P = 0.002). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that oral carriage of H. pylori may play a role in the transmission of infection and that the hand may be instrumental in transmission.  (+info)

Genetic evidence for the origins of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus subtype IAB outbreaks. (5/268)

Epizootics of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) involving subtype IAB viruses occurred sporadically in South, Central and North America from 1938 to 1973. Incompletely inactivated vaccines have long been suspected as a source of the later epizootics. We tested this hypothesis by sequencing the PE2 glycoprotein precursor (1,677 nucleotides) or 26S/nonstructural protein 4 (nsP4) genome regions (4,490 nucleotides) for isolates representing most major outbreaks. Two distinct IAB genotypes were identified: 1) 1940s Peruvian strains and 2) 1938-1973 isolates from South, Central, and North America. Nucleotide sequences of these two genotypes differed by 1.1%, while the latter group showed only 0.6% sequence diversity. Early VEE virus IAB strains that were used for inactivated vaccine preparation had sequences identical to those predicted by phylogenetic analyses to be ancestors of the 1960s-1970s outbreaks. These data support the hypothesis of a vaccine origin for many VEE outbreaks. However, continuous, cryptic circulation of IAB viruses cannot be ruled out as a source of epizootic emergence.  (+info)

In vitro antiplasmodial activity of Central American medicinal plants. (6/268)

The in vitro antiplasmodial activities of 14 plant species traditionally used in Central America for the treatment of malaria or fever were evaluated. Lipophilic extracts of Piper hispidum, Siparuna andina, S. pauciflora, S. tonduziana, and Xylopia cf. frutescens, proved to be active against both a chloroquine-sensitive and a resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum. IC50 values ranged between 3.0 microg/ml and 21.9 microg/ml; however, moderate cytotoxicity of active extracts was observed. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of Piper hispidum yielded 2',4, 6'-trihydroxy-4'-methoxydihydrochalcone (asebogenin) as an active compound.  (+info)

Genetic and antigenic diversity among eastern equine encephalitis viruses from North, Central, and South America. (7/268)

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), the sole species in the EEE antigenic complex, is divided into North and South American antigenic varieties based on hemagglutination inhibition tests. Here we describe serologic and phylogenetic analyses of representatives of these varieties, spanning the entire temporal and geographic range available. Nucleotide sequencing and phylogenetic analyses revealed additional genetic diversity within the South American variety; 3 major South/Central American lineages were identified including one represented by a single isolate from eastern Brazil, and 2 lineages with more widespread distributions in Central and South America. All North American isolates comprised a single, highly conserved lineage with strains grouped by the time of isolation and to some extent by location. An EEEV strain isolated during a 1996 equine outbreak in Tamaulipas State, Mexico was closely related to recent Texas isolates, suggesting southward EEEV transportation beyond the presumed enzootic range. Plaque reduction neutralization tests with representatives from the 4 major lineages indicated that each represents a distinct antigenic subtype. A taxonomic revision of the EEE complex is proposed.  (+info)

Elevated blood lead levels among internationally adopted children--United States, 1998. (8/268)

Lead poisoning has been reported recently among Chinese children adopted by U.S. citizens. However, little is known about the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adoptees from China and other countries. Persistent sources of lead exposure outside the United States include leaded gasoline exhaust; industrial emissions; cottage industries (e.g., battery breaking and recycling plants); traditional medicines; and some cosmetics, ceramic ware, and foods. In 1998, approximately 15,000 orphans from countries outside the United States who were adopted abroad or were to be adopted in the United States by U.S. citizens were issued U.S. immigrant visas-a nearly two-fold increase over 1988 (L. Lewis, Immigrant and Visa Control and Reporting Division, VISA Office, Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. State Department, personal communication, August 1999). Some orphans have been abandoned for extended periods and have no obtainable medical history. Immigrants aged <15 years are not required to have serologic or blood tests either in their country of origin or on entry into the United States unless exposure to syphilis or human immunodeficiency virus is suspected. To obtain reports on the prevalence of elevated BLLs (> or =10 microg/dL) among international adoptees, CDC contacted 12 international adoption medical specialists identified through the Joint Council on International Children's Services and two collaborating medical specialists. This report summarizes the results of that investigation, which suggest that international adoptees may arrive in the United States with elevated BLLs.  (+info)

Looking for online definition of Caribbean/Central America Business Advisory Service in the Medical Dictionary? Caribbean/Central America Business Advisory Service explanation free. What is Caribbean/Central America Business Advisory Service? Meaning of Caribbean/Central America Business Advisory Service medical term. What does Caribbean/Central America Business Advisory Service mean?
Teaching in South and Central America on your gap year, career break or volunteering abroad experience is a great opportunity to gain relevant and invaluable teaching experience, while making a contribution to the disadvantaged communities with whom you will be living during your gap year in South and Central America. Theres no need for prior experience to teach as you travel in South and Central America with Frontier, as our teaching projects are designed for people who are teaching for the first time. Our volunteer in South and Central America opportunities give you the chance to earn your TEFL certificate for free or you can gain our new and exclusive, internationally recognised BTEC Advanced Certificate in Teaching English as Foreign Language. Travel South and Central America and experience something completely new. ...
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Authentic old, antique, and rare maps of Central America for sale by Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps. We offer a large stock of old and rare original antique maps of Central America, with a detailed description and high resolution image for each antique map of Central America we offer for sale. Whether you are adding to your Central America antique map collection, buying an old map as a gift or just starting your antique map collection, our inventory of over 10,000 old, rare and antique maps, sea charts, town plans and atlases has something for everyone.
Central America &amp; the Caribbean The countries of Central Americas Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) have seen a significant number of their citizens migrate to the United States. Immigrants from the Caribbean represent half of all Black immigrants in the United States. As such, the ties between these countries and their diasporas have taken on new importance, as has the integration of these immigrants in their country of settlement. Research here explores the demographics, migration flows, human-capital development, interconnected policy realities, and outcomes for immigrants from Central America and the Caribbean. (For research specific to Mexico, see North America.) Page 8 |
For over 20 years, Frontier has been at the forefront of biodiversity research and tropical habitat and species conservation. Frontier projects are internationally acclaimed. The work of our volunteers has served to protect thousands of species and precious ecosystems and is currently contributing to ground-breaking work on climate change. As a volunteer in South and Central America, whether youre on a gap year, taking a career break or volunteering abroad, you have the opportunity to make a real contribution to one of our award-winning wildlife conservation programs as you travel in South and Central America. Work within the local community saving endangered species and provide vital help with conservation on your gap year in South and Central America.. ...
Restores the regions fraught history of repression and resistance to popular consciousness and connects the United States interventions and influence to the influx of refugees seeking asylum today.. At the center of the current immigration debate are migrants from Central America fleeing poverty, corruption, and violence in search of refuge in the United States. In Central Americas Forgotten History, Aviva Chomsky answers the urgent question How did we get here? Centering the centuries-long intertwined histories of US expansion and Indigenous and Central American struggles against inequality and oppression, Chomsky highlights the pernicious cycle of colonial and neocolonial development policies that promote cultures of violence and forgetting without any accountability or restorative reparations.. Focusing on the valiant struggles for social and economic justice in Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Honduras, Chomsky restores these vivid and gripping events to popular consciousness. ...
Globally, the carbon emissions trading market is booming, with the World Bank estimating its size at approximately $30 billion last year. Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean have already captured a share of that market and many estimate that that share could be much bigger in the future. The potential for carbon emission reduction projects is growing as the regions development causes emissions numbers to trend upward. This has led the Mexican government to consider reducing GHG emissions through a domestic cap and trade system. There are already several dozen projects spread across the region that have been created by a range of entities but the opportunity for project hosts to develop new projects is huge.. The inaugural Carbon Markets Mexico & Central America conference and exhibition will bring together key players from the region - with particular focus on Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and the Caribbean - with global industry experts. ...
Central American & Caribbean Games Women 2018 live scores on offer livescore, results, Central American & Caribbean Games Women standings and match details (goal scorers, red cards, …).
The countries of Central Americas Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) have seen a significant number of their citizens migrate to the United States. Immigrants from the Caribbean represent half of all Black immigrants in the United States. As such, the ties between these countries and their diasporas have taken on new importance, as has the integration of these immigrants in their country of settlement. Research here explores the demographics, migration flows, human-capital development, interconnected policy realities, and outcomes for immigrants from Central America and the Caribbean. (For research specific to Mexico, see North America.)
This week in Miami, the United States and Mexico are co-hosting a high-level Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America to address some of the issues driving mass migration from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, also known as the Northern Triangle of Central America.
The Central America Womens Network (CAWN) is a London-based organisation that supports, publicises and learns from the struggles of women in Central America in the defence of their rights.
This paper analyzes Central Americas track record on inequality, poverty, and quality of fiscal adjustment in relation to economic growth; health and education outcomes; adequacy of social safety nets; and governance. It then assesses the degree to which the track record can be traced to reforms in public expenditure and governance. Despite the considerable heterogeneity among the countries in the region, there are some policies that all countries need to pursue. Sustained growth and a better quality of fiscal adjustment are needed, as well as policies aimed at increasing individuals productivity and improving governance.
A comprehensive collection of travel guides, travel tips and stories about Central America. Get inspired to plan your next adventure in Central America.
Human rights in Central America by Pax Christi.; 1 edition; First published in 1988; Subjects: Christianity, Church and social problems, Economic development, Human rights, Missions, Moral and ethical aspects, Moral and ethical aspects of Economic development; Places: Central America
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Central America Media Industry News Monitoring Service from EIN News; Media Monitoring & Online News Monitoring of Central America Media Industry
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The Biden administration took steps to dismantle deals with El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras that allowed the U.S. to send asylum-seekers to those countries.
WASHINGTON - The Latest on Trump administration moves on immigration through U.S. border with Mexico (all times Eastern): 11:20 a.m. Congressional Democrats say President Donald Trump
BACKGROUND: Informal employment is assumed to be an important but seldom studied social determinant of health, affecting a large number of workers around the world. Although informal employment arrangements constitute a permanent, structural pillar of many labor markets in low- and middle-income countries, studies about its relationship with health status are still scarce. In Central America more than 60% of non-agricultural workers have informal employment. Therefore, we aimed to assess differences in self-perceived and mental health status of Central Americans with different patterns of informal and formal employment. METHODS:/nEmployment profiles were created by combining employment relations (employees, self-employed, employers), social security coverage (yes/no) and type of contract--only for employees--(written, oral, none), in a cross-sectional study of 8,823 non-agricultural workers based on the I Central American Survey of Working Conditions and Health of 2011. Using logistic regression ...
Downloadable! Banks liquidity holdings are comfortably above legal or prudential requirements in most Central American countries. While good for financial stability, high systemic liquidity may nonetheless hinder monetary policy transmission and financial markets development. Using a panel of about 100 commercial banks from the region, we find that the demand for precautionary liquidity buffers is associated with measures of bank size, profitability, capitalization, and financial development. Deposit dollarization is also associated with higher liquidity, reinforcing the monetary policy and market development challenges in highly dollarized economies. Improvements in supervision and measures to promote dedollarization, including developing local currency capital markets, would help enhance financial systems efficiency and promote intermediation in the region.
The caravan was organized to fight attacks on undocumented Central American immigrants as they travel from Guatemala through Chiapas to Oaxaca, often by riding freight trains, on their way to the US. In addition to arresting the immigrants, Mexican police and immigration authorities sometimes rob the Central Americans or demand bribes, and criminal gangs, including the brutal Los Zetas drug traffickers, have carried out mass kidnappings, demanding ransoms from the immigrants relatives. A group of 20-50 immigrants were kidnapped near Chahuites on Dec. 16, and another group was seized on Dec. 22. The president of the governments National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), Raúl Plascencia Villanueva, said on Jan. 7 that the commission had recorded 214 mass kidnappings in 2010, with 10,000 kidnapping victims just in the six months from April to September. (Peoples Weekly World, US, Jan. 5; La Jornada, Mexico, Jan. 7). About 100 activists and religious people joined the Jan. 7-8 Step by Step Toward ...
In presenting the certificate of recognition on the behalf of congress authorities, Professor Rolando Sierra Fonseca, director of the Honduras branch of the Latin American College of Social Sciences, and Dr. Mélida Velásquez Lambur, director of history majors, recognized Webres long record of contributions to the field of Central American history and his many activities over the years in support of the biennial academic meeting. The Central American Historical Congress is the single most recognized gathering for area specialists. This years event drew some 400 researchers, teachers and students from 13 different countries to participate in a program featuring more than 200 original papers, plus featured lecturers, workshops, round tables and book launches. Active in the organization since its founding in 1992, Webre has served as coordinator of the program section devoted to the history of the Spanish colonial period. At this years meeting, he presented a research paper titled The ...
Stephens read with interest early accounts of ruined cities of Mesoamerica by such writers and explorers as Alexander von Humboldt and Juan Galindo. In 1839, President Martin Van Buren commissioned Stephens as Special Ambassador to Central America. While there, the government of the Federal Republic of Central America fell apart, in a civil war. He later published an account of the events he witnessed in Central America, Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatán. Stephens and his traveling companion, architect and draftsman Frederick Catherwood first came across Maya ruins at Copán, having landed in British Honduras (now Belize). They were astonished at their findings and spent two weeks mapping the site. They surmised that it must have been built by some long-forgotten people, as they could not imagine it was the native Mayans. Stephens was actually able to buy the city of Copan for a sum of $50 and had dreams of floating it down the river and into museums in the United ...
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Effects of Improved Nutrition in Early Childhood : The institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) Follow-up Study; Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, July 1990, Bellagio, Italy, Supplement of The Journal of Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1994, 198 pages ...
Effects of Improved Nutrition in Early Childhood : The institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) Follow-up Study; Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, July 1990, Bellagio, Italy, Supplement of The Journal of Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1994, 198 pages ...
The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in 1978 by a small group of international health professionals with ties to programs started by Catholic and Protestant clergy and laity in Guatemalas western highlands in the 1960s. It introduced a model of healthcare in which Maya health promoters and midwives became partners in healing rather than objects to be cured. Support for the health programs and ASECSA came from secular and religious international agencies, including the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), German Misereor, Catholic Relief Services, and the World Council of Churches. ASECSA was founded to disseminate knowledge of popular health education strategies used by health promoters and midwives to provide preventive and curative medical services to their communities. The education methods grew from Paulo Freires Pedagogy of the
Mexico & Central America Forum: The VGs didnt go to Costa Rica this trip! After reading through a number of posts on the board and doing a little ...
WASHINGTON, Oct. 6 /PRNewswire/ -- OAG Reports Declining Seat Capacity within Central America. Recent Merger Proposals to Change North America Travel.
Ive not been on the MOA forums much, but Ive been on a lot. I wrote this back in 2006 when I got back from riding to the Darien Gap in Panama, but I think it is still appropriate for today. In spite of the news, I dont think Mexico or Central America is any more dangerous now than it was then, which is really not that bad. Dont let the media scare you away. Plan ahead, use common sense, be courteous, and go see these fantastic countries. If you dont want to go solo, go
Two high-ranking U.S. military commanders say Mexicos violent war against drug cartels has moved into other parts of Central America.. Air Force General Douglas Fraser, the head of the U.S. Southern Command, told the Senate Armed Services Committee Tuesday that transnational organized crime rings are threatening to overwhelm law enforcement and are seriously impacting civilian safety in the area.. Senator, it is - is an effort that we see is moving down through Central America, Gen. Fraser said. As Mexico increases their pressure, we see that the networks from especially Los Zetas and Sinaloa are moving into Central America. Guatemala is obviously that first location, but we see their - their footprints further down into Central America as well.. More than 50,000 people have been killed since Mexican President Felipe Calderon launched a massive military crackdown against the cartels in 2006.. But U.S. Army General Charles Jacoby, the head of the U.S. Northern Command, told the committee ...
Definition: International tourism receipts for travel items are expenditures by international inbound visitors in the reporting economy. The goods and services are purchased by, or on behalf of, the traveler or provided, without a quid pro quo, for the traveler to use or give away. These receipts should include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Excluded is the international carriage of travelers, which is covered in passenger travel items. Data are in current U.S. dollars.. Description: The map below shows how International tourism, receipts for travel items (current US$) varies by country in Central America & the Caribbean. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value. The country with the highest value in the region is Dominican ...
This is the only field guide to provide comprehensive coverage of the mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. This edition features 21 new species accounts, including nine for bats. Four new full-color maps show parks and protected areas, biomes, elevations, and habitat loss. From Funnel-eared Bats and Spider Monkeys to Climbing Rats and Pocket Mice, Anteaters and Sloths to Sperm Whales and Ocean Dolphins, the guide fully describes every known regional species.
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ART IN CENTRAL AMERICA: THE CRITICAL GLANCE TÁMARA DÍAZ BRINCAS En una obra del artista guatemalteco Luis González Palma, el ros-tro de una mujer nos miro con ojos luminosos, mientras en su fren-te exhibe una cinta de medición. La mirada crítica enuncia, de ese modo, las operaciones de medida, clasificación, ordenamiento y valoración que mucfios veces se encuentran implícitas en el troto con sujetos constituidos pora Occidente en objetos de estudio, de verificación. En ese sentido, la obra de González Palma nos sitúa en la posición de un observador que, de alguna forma, realizo un ejercicio de poder sobre lo observado: lo mide, lo evalúa. Y ello está referido no sólo al sujeto indígena, sino a la obra de arte res-pecto o los instancias de valoración y legitimación que regulan su recepción. Se trata, pues, de una crítica -que es también autocrí-tica- a los diversos discursos sobre el arte: el de la curaduría, el de la crítica de arte, el de la academia, etc. Me gustaría ...
Central America is grappling with its worst outbreak of dengue fever in decades - and scientists say the disease is likely to spread and become more frequent in the future due to climate change.
This is the only field guide to provide comprehensive coverage of the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. The fully revised second edition includes 21 new species, as well as updated illustrations and distribution maps. Each species account provides measurements, descriptions, and comparisons with similar species, and is accompanied by a range map showing where the species can be found in the region.
Discover more about Mexico in Central America, find out about amazing local services and businesses, detailed weather information, country-specific data (currency, dialling code) and so much more..., discover more at
Sears makes it easy for Canadian customers to shop for pickup in the United States. Simply log into www.sears, waterproof 4 ply normal household face mask in central america and you can order anything you want for USA delivery, from sturdy Craftsman lawn and garden tools to dependable Die Hard car batteries.Whether youre planning on picking up your order in an American Sears location or shipping to an American address, the process is simple and hassle , waterproof 4 ply normal household face mask in central ...
Overview URC is working to strengthen HIV/TB surveillance and control throughout Central America in the areas of clinical, laboratory and strategic information management. The project is building the capacity of health care workers to prevent and control TB infection and to detect and deliver clinical services to HIV patients with TB. The program is also improving HIV/TB/fungal surveillance programs and enhancing laboratory diagnostic capacity.
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Despite recent global declines in the rate of early childbearing, adolescent childbearing is a persistent challenge in many countries. Early motherhood is widely recognized as having negative consequences for the health of the young woman and her infant, as well as for their future economic, educational and social prospects.1-4 These risks are particularly important in regions such as Central America, where poverty levels are high and access to resources is low.5-7
Among our type collections from South and Central America, there are specimens collected by more than 600 different collectors. The collector with the largest number of type specimens is Erik Leonard Ekman (3020 types), followed by Olof Swartz, (920 types) who collected mainly in Jamaica and Caribbean islands, Charles Wright with 880 types from Cuba, Anders Fredrik Regnell with 720 types collected in Brazil, specially in Minas Gerais State; Per Karl Dusén with 659 types collected mainly in Brasil, but also in Argentina, Chile and Paraguay; Émile Hassler with 640 type collected mainly in Paraguay, Adolpho Ducke, with 630 types collected in Amazon region; Gustaf Malme, with 580 types collected mainly in Brasil; and Auguste Glaziou, 520 types collected in Brazil, especially in Rio de Janeiro and Goiás States. ...
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D″ (Dee double prime), the lowermost layer of the Earths mantle, is the thermal boundary layer (TBL) of mantle convection immediately above the Earths liquid outer core. As the origin of upwelling of hot material and the destination of paleoslabs (downwelling cold slab remnants), D″ plays a major role in the Earths evolution. D″ beneath Central America and the Caribbean is of particular geodynamical interest, because the paleo- and present Pacific plates have been subducting beneath the western margin of Pangaea since ~250 million years ago, which implies that paleoslabs could have reached the lowermost mantle ...
Some countries in Central America have struggled with high levels of poverty and unemployment, fragile political and judicial systems, widespread drug trafficking and violence, and high homicide rates.
List of rivers of Honduras Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador ...
Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica ... The Basilica of Saint Sebastian, which stores several antique objects, stands out within the central park of this urban area. ...
"Central America :: Dominican Republic - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2020-01-22. Esteva Fabregat ... "Central America :: Dominican Republic - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2020-01-22. "Dominican ... "Central America :: Dominican Republic - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Documentary Heritage on ... Tourism, American pop culture, the influence of Dominican Americans, and the country's economic ties with the United States ...
"Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, Volume E-11, Part 1, Documents on Mexico; Central America; and the Caribbean ... His service spanned such locations as the Middle East and North Africa, Washington, D.C., China, Burma, and California. In 1942 ... MBE (July 15, 1916 - February 24, 2005) was an American businessman, politician, and diplomat. Born in New York to a prominent ...
... is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the ... The central location provides access to American markets and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia. The most important exports ... "Central America". Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. "Costa Rica's Coffee ... Costa Rica was the first of the Central American nations to do so. President Óscar Arias Sánchez admitted the action was a ...
"Trade Central". Baseball America. July 30, 2004. Retrieved September 28, 2011. Snedden, Jeffrey (July 2013). "The amazing ... 5× American League Player of the Month (Jul. 2010, Aug. 2010, Apr. 2011, May 2011, Jun. 2012) 4× American League Player of the ... He was the American League winner of the Hank Aaron Award for the second consecutive season, becoming just the third player in ... In the All-Star Game, he recorded the game-winning RBI on a sacrifice fly in the fourth inning as the American League won 3-0. ...
Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. London: Trelawney ... mainly because the Spanish crown lost control of the regular orders as soon as their friars set course to America. Shielded by ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 16 January 2015. "Periférico Oriente". Sistema de ...
Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica ...
"CENTRAL AMERICA :: GUATEMALA". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 7 March 2020. "World Economic Outlook Database, ... Guatemala is the third biggest country in Central America. It has one of the highest disparities between rich and poor as well ... On 1 July 2006, the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) entered into force between the US and Guatemala and has since ... Guatemala's large expatriate community in the United States, has made it the top remittance recipient in Central America. These ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 27 April 2015. "Line 12 of the metro (subway) of ... The station is located between Zapata and Eje Central. It was opened on 30 October 2012 as a part of the first stretch of Line ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 16 January 2015. "Afluencia de estación por línea ...
Central America; South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Venezuela) In Minnesota this species ... ISBN 978-0-8166-1689-3. "Heteranthera limosa in Flora of North America @". Retrieved 2021-01-16. ... It is considered a threatened species in parts of the central United States, and an invasive species weed in California, where ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 1 August 2011. Monroy, Marco. Schwandl, Robert ( ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 16 January 2015. "Insurgentes Sur". Sistema de ...
"Central America :: Navassa Island - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Department of the Interior ... The lagoon was used as a halfway station between Hawaii and American Samoa by Pan American Airways for flying boats in 1937 and ... Central Intelligence Agency". "Australia - Oceania :: Midway Islands - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence ... "Australia - Oceania :: Johnston Atoll - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the ...
"Central America :: Saint Kitts and Nevis - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Archived copy". ... "Central America :: Antigua and Barbuda - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Archived copy". ... President Jimmy Stevens of Vemerana was backed by the North American-based Phoenix Foundation. 20 states: Anzoátegui, Apure, ... North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, ...
It is located in the north-central part of the country, bordering Nicaragua to the north. It also borders the provinces of ... Inter-American Adventist Theological Seminary (IATS) , Seventh-Day Adventist Church - Inter-American Division Inter-American ... While Costa Rica was a member of the Federal Republic of Central America in the 1830s, the city of Alajuela was the nation's ... Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica ...
"Central America :: Cuba - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Official 2012 Census" (PDF). ... History of Cuban Nationality Latin Americans White Latin American White Hispanic Spanish American Cuban exile Cuban Americans ... Additionally, many North American Indians living in Spanish missions in Georgia and Florida were evacuated to Spanish Cuba ... Many Cuban-Americans, while remaining fluent in Spanish, use American English as one of their daily languages. Cuba's ...
"Balboa Bank Buys Banco Transatlántico". Central America. Retrieved 27 December 2014. BalboaTrader Balboa Securities Balboa Bank ... "SEC Sells Stanford Bank in Panama for $14.2 Million". Latin American Herald Tribune. Retrieved 24 December 2014. Dominica bank ...
"Central America :: Dominican Republic". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved February 19, 2020. "Embassy ... It is the most extensive metro system in the insular Caribbean and Central American region by length and number of stations. ... The Dominican Republic has the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region and is the eighth-largest economy ... In addition, relations with Cuba were reestablished and the Free Trade Agreement with Central America was signed, which was the ...
City hosts 1950 Central American and Caribbean Games. Population: 284,276. 1957 - National Library of Guatemala new building ... City of New Guatemala John L. Stephens (1856), "(Guatemala City)", Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas, and Yucatan ... John Baily (1850). "Guatemala". Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and ... 1823 - City becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America. 1831 - Sociedad Economica museum established. 1835 - ... Population of departments and municipalities in Guatemala Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing ...
Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica ... Civilization of the American Indian series, no. 155. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1546-7. OCLC 6555814. ... There is also evidence for a large degree of cultural exchange between the Kʼicheʼ and the people of Central Mexico. Linguists ... Population of the major cities in Guatemala Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the ...
"Central America :: Turks and Caicos Islands - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 2019-04 ... In the early days of the American space program, NASA used it. After his three earth orbits in 1962, American astronaut John ... and the Spanish possessions in Central America and Peru. The islands were not fully colonised until 1681, when salt collectors ... Granted large tracts of land by the British government to make up for what they lost in the American colonies, the Loyalists ...
Greenspan, Eliot; Gill, Nicholas; O'Malley, Charlie; Gilsenan, Patrick; Perilla, Jisel (2009-04-20). Frommer's? Central America ... in the Central American country of Nicaragua. As its name indicates it is dedicated to St. Peter, one of the apostles of Jesus ... By 1879 the central part was completed, but the works were stopped in 1881. The Roman Catholic Church of San Pietro of the city ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro". Retrieved 16 January 2015. "Tezonco". Sistema de Transporte ...
"CENTRAL AMERICA :: PUERTO RICO". CIA Factbook. Retrieved 8 January 2019. "La Fortaleza, Simbolos Patrios: Himno de Puerto Rico ... Population of departments in Guatemala Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of ...
... is the central commune of an urban unit with 70,699 inhabitants, and a larger commuter zone with 141,504 inhabitants ... Marcel Tabuteau (1887-1966), Oboist, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing. ...
America's Got Talent (R) America's Got Talent NOTE: On NBC, Parenthood was supposed to have started the night at 8-9, but it ... NBC stripped The Jay Leno Show weeknights at 10 pm Eastern/9 p.m. Central, but removed it after the 2010 Vancouver Winter ... America's Funniest Home Videos Extreme Makeover: Home Edition Desperate Housewives (13/8.8) Brothers & Sisters (23/7.0) ... American Idol 1/12[133] 11.8 FOX January 18-January 24 NFC Championship Game: Minnesota Vikings at New Orleans Saints[134] 21.3 ...
Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ... Find this book on Amirkabir University of Technology Central library. Israel. * Find this book in the MALMAD Israel Union List ... Find this book in the University of Central Arkansas library catalog. * Find this book in the University of Colorado at Boulder ...
Newman, Steven A. (1991). "Ophthalmic Features of Cransosynostosis". Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. 2 (3): 587-610. doi ... central nervous system or the respiratory tract,[12] you may speak of a syndromic form of craniosynostosis. More than 180 ... Atlas of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America. 10 (1): 1-41. doi:10.1016/s1061-3315(01)00003-8. PMID ... "American Family Physician. 69 (12): 2863-70. PMID 15222651.. *^ a b Delashaw JB, Persing JA, Broaddus WC, Jane JA (February ...
For instance, Americans considered it quite natural for American prisoners of war to want their families to know they were ... This also formed a central argument in her later work on the Japanese following World War II. ... Benedict held the post of President of the American Anthropological Association and was also a prominent member of the American ... Benedict wrote her dissertation "The Concept of the Guardian Spirit in North America", and received the PhD in anthropology in ...
... located north of Baytown at 9600 North Main Street in an unincorporated area.[41] The complex has eight soccer fields; four are ... African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 14.42% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or ... "American Lung Association. March 25, 2005. Archived from the original on April 29, 2005. Retrieved January 11, 2010.. ... The city is roughly bordered along the north by Interstate 10. Portions of the city to the east of Cedar Bayou lie in Chambers ...
African American, 98 (14.6%) Native American, 8 (1.2%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 28 (4.2%) from other races, and 35 ( ... Library: 168 N Edwards Street, Independence, CA 93526; central library is in the courthouse, ground floor. ... "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.. ... The tiny village of Independence is bisected by U.S. Route 395, the main north-south highway through the Owens Valley. ...
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. July 2015, 26 (7): 1711-20. PMC 4483591. PMID 25377077. doi:10.1681/ASN. ... Autonomous role of medullary thymic epithelial cells in central CD4(+) T cell tolerance. Nature Immunology. 2010-06, 11 (6): ... American Journal of Transplantation. September 2015, 15 (9): 2431-42. PMID 25943855. doi:10.1111/ajt.13288.. ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. May 2011, 108 (22): 9196-201. PMC 3107287. ...
Stanley William Rothstein (1995). Class, Culture, and Race in American Schools: A Handbook. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 9 ... Johnson, Lonnie (31 October 1996). Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors, Friends. p. 23. ISBN 9780198026075. .. ... Heinz H. F. Eulau (1941). "Theories of Federalism under the Holy Roman Empire". The American Political Science Review. 35 (4): ... It dominated marine trade in the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and along the connected navigable rivers. Each of the affiliated ...
Its central argument propounds that the American population is being used as guinea pigs in a giant experiment undertaken by ... "The Great American Medicine Show Revisited" Bulletin of the History of Medicine - Volume 79, Number 4, Winter 2005, pp. 627-663 ... along with American Chamber of Horrors by Ruth De Forest Lamb, as being one of the key catalysts for increased government ... Schlink first released in 1933 by the Vanguard Press and manufactured in the United States of America. ...
Will you be merging Category:American female weightlifters‎ and Category:American women weightlifters‎? --Marc Kupper,talk 20: ... Central Television. Cliff Taylor in credited as voice actor in main list of credits. Cliff Taylor is member of EQUITY (British ... List of Pan American Games medalists in rowing added links pointing to Patrick Hayes, Michael Neary, Michael Moran, Jonathan ... I was looking at the history for Sarah Robles and noticed that you removed Category:American weightlifters using HotCat). I'm ...
The Medical Clinics of North America. 95 (5): 953-69. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2011.06.007. PMID 21855702.. ... and inappropriate regulation of metabolism by the central nervous system.[10] However, not all people with insulin resistance ... "The American Journal of Medicine (Review). 133 (3): 290-296. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.08.035. PMC 7054139. PMID 31520618.. ... African-Americans, and Native-Americans; a history of gestational diabetes; polycystic ovary syndrome; excess weight; and ...
Zieger, Robert H., and Gilbert J. Gall, American Workers, American Unions: The Twentieth Century(3rd ed. 2002) excerpt and text ... As of 2008, there are 11 Central Trade Union Organisations (CTUO) recognized by the Ministry of Labour.[35] The forming of ... Other documentaries: Made in L.A. (2007); American Standoff (2002); The Fight in the Fields (1997); With Babies and Banners: ... Other dramatizations: 10,000 Black Men Named George (2002); Matewan (1987); American Playhouse - "The Killing Floor" (1985); ...
The central idea is the sender encodes the message with a redundant in the form of an ECC. The American mathematician Richard ...
North Central Arizona , Northeast Arizona , Northern Arizona , Oak Creek Canyon , Phoenix Metropolitan Area , Safford area , ... Tucson: The Life and Times of an American City. ; The classic book on Tucson's history; University of Oklahoma Press; ISBN 0- ... American Historical Press; ISBN 1-892724-25-1 (sampul tebal, terbitan ulang 2001). ...
The blood was central to Fludd's conception of the relationship between the microcosm and macrocosm; the blood and the Spirit ... American Philosophical Society. p. xxxviii. ISBN 978-0-87169-209-2. . Retrieved 17 April 2012.. ... placing it central to Fludd's model of the macrocosm.[10] remained in manuscript.[11] As the sun was to the earth, so was the ... North Atlantic Books. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-55643-373-3. . Retrieved 17 April 2012.. ...
Department of Missouri: District of Central Missouri. *District of North Missouri. *District of Rolla ... There were five corps in the Union Army designated as II Corps (Second Army Corps) during the American Civil War. These ... Fox, William F., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, reprinted by Morningside Bookshop, Dayton, Ohio, 1993, ISBN 0-685 ... After more of hard and continuous fighting at the Battle of North Anna, and along the Totopotomoy, the corps reached the ...
"American Zoologist. 8 (1): 11-18. doi:10.1093/icb/8.1.11.. *^ Mann, K. H. (1988). "Production and use of detritus in various ... A central question in the trophic dynamic literature is the nature of control and regulation over resources and production. ... The American Naturalist. 147 (5): 813-846. doi:10.1086/285880.. [permanent dead link] ... Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 83 (2): 142-146.. *^ Egerton, FN (2007). "Understanding food chains and food ...
All American 2003. Represented Canada in 2012 London Olympic Games. Notable non-graduates[edit]. *Andrew Card - Former White ... The USMMA in Kings Point, New York is the home of the American Merchant Marine Museum.[17] The museum houses: *A learning ... American Merchant Marine Museum Archived 2010-12-26 at the Wayback Machine webpage. United States Merchant Marine Academy ... which honors people and ships important to American oceanic, coastal, inland waterways, and Great Lakes shipping. Inductees ...
... the American Medical Association, which played the central role in fighting quackery in the United States, abolished its ... Merrick, Janna (June 2003). "Spiritual Healing, Sick Kids and the Law: Inequities in the American Healthcare System". American ... a b c d Countercultural Healing: A brief History of Alternavie Medicine in America, James Whorton, PBS, November 4, 2003, [2] ... a b c d Quack Medicine: A History of Combating Health Fraud in Twentieth-Century America, Eric W. Boyle, [1] ...
... only the land bridge between South America and North America was absent, although South America was approaching the western ... Guillame, Benjamin; Martinod, Joseph; Husson, Laurent; Roddaz, Martin; Riquelme, Rodrigo (2009). "Neogene uplift of central ... Islands began to form between South and North America in the Late Miocene, allowing ground sloths like Thinobadistes to island- ... Holman, J. Alan (2000). Fossil Snakes of North America (First ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. pp. 284-323. ...
It cited numerous examples of Leiner products of this nature labeled with "Made in the U.S.A." statements and American flags, ... "Long's Central-Vite Multivitamins". Nikky Joe Green, a member of the Oklahoma Highway Patrol, was murdered during a traffic ... It was founded in 1973, and was owned by North Castle Partners, a private investment firm from Connecticut. Leiner declared ... Leiner Health Products was a company based in Carson, California, and was one of America's largest manufacturers of vitamins, ...
Central Plateau, occupying the central portions of Brazil, with sedimentary and crystalline formations. Approximately 85% was ... Some of the most important are (from north to south): *Serra da Borborema ... Topographic map of Brazil (the Brazilian Highlands/Plateau is the large yellowish and brown area in the east, south and central ... Southern Plateau, advancing inland in the southern and southern-central portions of the country. Sedimentary rocks covered ...
In 1859 Kane published an account of his journeys entitled Wanderings of an Artist Among the Indians of North America. Other ... The dish ginger beef was invented in the 1970s by chef George Wong at the Silver Inn in Calgary.[8] In central Alberta, which ... A central element of sporting culture in Alberta is the rivalry between teams from Edmonton and Calgary, known as the "Battle ...
Central and. South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old ... North America. Plains Sign Talk. Canada. American Protactile. Blackfoot. Cree. Ojibwa. MSL. Quebec. Atgangmuurniq. Plateau. ... American Black American. Protactile. Blackfeet. Cree. Cheyenne. Ojibwa. Keresign. Martha's Vineyard. Navajo. Navajo Family. ... American Sign Language. French Sign Language family. Descended from Old French Sign Language and Martha's Vineyard Sign ...
North Carolina State University, 2001 *^ Stephen Morse; Michael Stockin (1995). People and Environment: Development for the ... Kawaguchi's recognition outside of Japan has become wider after his appearance as the central character in the documentary ... Native AmericanEdit. Recent research in the field of traditional ecological knowledge finds that for over one hundred centuries ... These preparations, generated on-site, are central to the practice, and said to promote microbe and earthworm activity in the ...
In 2012, Strongbow was the highest selling cider in Australia, and was the second highest selling cider in North of America.[2] ... Central de Cervejas. *Heineken Asia Pacific *Archipelago Brewery. *DB Breweries. *Double Brown ...
... in July 1973 the CPK Central Committee agreed that the North Vietnamese should be considered "a friend with a conflict".[191] ... Biography of comrade Pol Pot, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. A pamphlet published by ... Heuveline's central estimate is 2.52 million excess deaths, of which 1.4 million were the direct result of violence.[313][315] ... No outsider was allowed to meet him without an escort.[149] He took over from Sary as the Secretary of the North East Zone.[150 ...
The RSS portrayed itself as a social movement rather than a political party, and did not play central role many of the Indian ... due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. The self proclamation was done to enforce Hindu social code ... Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a nationalist leader from the Central Indian province of Maharashtra. He has been widely acclaimed the ...
American Ornithologists' Union (1998). Check-list of North American Birds (PDF). Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union ... P. p. bactriana - Bonaparte, 1850: Siberia east to Lake Baikal, south to Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia and Pakistan ... P. serica - Gould, 1845: east and south China, Taiwan, north Myanmar, north Laos and north Vietnam (now considered a separate ... American Ornithologists' Union (2000). "Forty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North ...
"Central America". Retrieved 4 September 2016. Central America is located between North and South America ... Central American cuisine Central American Games Central American and Caribbean Games 1926 Central American and Caribbean Games ... Central American license plates The Inter-American Highway is the Central American section of the Pan-American Highway, and ... The Central American red brocket is a brocket deer found in Central Americas tropical forest. Central American Geology ...
This article discusses beer in Central America. Belikin is the leading domestically produced beer brand in Belize. It is a ...
In 1821 a congress of Central American Criollos in Guatemala City composed the Act of Independence of Central America to ... Constitutions from several attempts at Central American unification (in Spanish). *Central America: Historical Unions and ... Karnes, Thomas L. (1961). The Failure of Union: Central America, 1824-1960. Durham, NC: University of North Carolina Press. p. ... "The Federal Republic of Central America (1823-1840)". Latin American History. Retrieved November 5, 2013.. ...
You may freely download and copy the material contained on this website for your personal, non-commercial use, without any right to resell, redistribute, compile or create derivative works therefrom, subject to more specific restrictions that may apply to specific materials.. ...
América Central (es); Mið-Ameríka (is); Amerika Tengah (ms); Централон Америкæ (os); Central America (en-gb); Orta Amerika (tr ... America Central (ia); මධ්‍යම ඇමරිකාව (si); America Centralis (la); केंद्रीय अमेरिका (hi); 中美洲 (wuu); Keski-Amerikka (fi); ... America Centrala (oc); Cėntrėnė Amerėka (sgs); Centrinė Amerika (lt); Kesk-Ameerika (et); Central America (en-ca); ਕੇਂਦਰੀ ... América Central (ast); Amèrica Central (ca); Zentralamerika (de-ch); Canolbarth America (cy); Amerika Qendrore (sq); آمریکای ...
Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Disaster Central America From The latimes ... Central American Free Trade Agreement. But CAFTA is neither free trade nor fair trade and is a recipe for disaster in Central ... Yet most students of Central America know that the real problems of the area have little to do with communism and much more to ... And when more than a million small farmers are pushed off the land (as occurred in Mexico following the North American Free ...
Rates: $2,999 per person, double (triple and quad rates are available, as is a $500 discount per child, 8 14 years old, in same room with two adults; value rates of $2,649 per person, double, are available for travel in September and Nov. 17 23 ...
... and when combined with magnificent wetland and savanna habitats its no wonder the region is often dubbed Central Americas ... its still an inspirational spot to reflect on the forces and characters that shaped the history of the North American ... Lago de Yojoa is the largest natural lake in Honduras and one of the fastest-growing traveler destinations in Central Americas ...
Central America has several supranational institutions, such as the Central American Parliament, the Central American Bank for ... of the Central American nations.[3] The Central American Common Market, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration ( ... Central American Court of Justice (CCJ)[13][14][15]. *Central American Armed Forces Conference (Conferencia de las Fuerzas ... Unified Central American currency[edit]. The Central American Bank for Economic Integration has not introduced its own common ...
América Central y el Caribe, la UICN ha impulsado la conservación de áreas naturales, el empoderamiento de la sociedad civil, ... Central America and the Caribbean, have renewed a five-year collaboration supporting Caribbean... ... En México, América Central y el Caribe, la UICN ha impulsado la conservación de áreas naturales, el empoderamiento de la ...
Central America Trend Briefing: With citizens across the region facing one crisis after another, its time for brands to roll ... South & Central America Trend Briefing - CRISIS SOLUTIONS * 1. SCA TREND BRIEFING · JUNE 2016 , CRISIS SOLUTIONS J U N E 2 0 1 ... June 2016 South & Central America Trend Briefing: With citizens across the region facing one crisis after another, its time ... 2. SCA TREND BRIEFING · JUNE 2016 , CRISIS SOLUTIONS Theres no denying it... times are tough across Central and South America ...
Fires in Mexico and Central America. For nearly three months, fires have been burning across southern Mexico and Central ... Fires in the Yucatan and Central America. Fires on the Yucatan Peninsula cast a pall of smoke over the Gulf of Mexico on May 8 ... In the high-resolution image, the small plumes from additional fires can be seen all throughout Central America. This image was ... In the central part of the Peninsula, a large outbreak of fires is burning in northern Guatemala, and to the west individual ...
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América Central y el Caribe, la UICN ha impulsado la conservación de áreas naturales, el empoderamiento de la sociedad civil, ... En México, América Central y el Caribe, la UICN ha impulsado la conservación de áreas naturales, el empoderamiento de la ...
Comprehensive Central American refugee health profile including priority health conditions, background, population movements, ... many of which are still present throughout Central America. Indigenous Central Americans first came into contact with Spanish ... Cultural Orientation Resource Exchange, Backgrounder: Central American Minors. 2015.. *Central Intelligence Agency. Guatemala. ... Many Central American nations are patriarchal, with men often providing the primary income for the family, and women serving as ...
North and Central America: ecological zones. Figure 33-1. North and Central America: ecological zones. Figure 33-1 shows the ... Table 33-1. North and Central America: extent of ecological zones. Subregion. Total area of ecological zone (million ha). ... Table 33-2. North and Central America: proportion of forest by ecological zone. Subregion. Total area of ecological zone ( ... This zone consists of the lower Pacific part of the central mountain ranges in Central America, the plains and hills of the ...
The US and its Central American allies objected to key sections of the treaty and met in Honduras to write up their own draft. ... Nicaragua is the only Central American nation that has agreed to the draft treaty. The treaty was a compromise worked out by ... El Salvador, says the editorial, ``is the one region in Central America in which US policies clearly have been successful. ... especially since the draft of the US and its Central American allies is seriously defective. Paul E. Shannon Somerville, Mass. ...
US Venezuela envoy confronted by RT America correspondent over past war crimes (VIDEO). Tags: *SOUTH/CENTRAL AMERICA ... The former Reagan official, who played a key role in securing US support for death squads in Central America during the 1980s, ... Omar asked Abrams to account for his role in war crimes and the backing of death squads and genocides in Central America in the ... North Koreas ambassador to the UN, Kim Song, expressed his solidarity with the Venezuelan people in the face of attempts to ...
Bank of America economist on visit to Venezuelan central bank last week was allowed to view the banks gold vault and the gold ... Population does not cause poverty, private-central banks do. Reduce the human population to 10 million but keep private central ... on the campus of the University of Central America (UCA) in the countrys capital. It has been twenty five years of grieving by ... The South American OPEC nations crude trades at a discount to the U.S. and Brent benchmarks because of its higher content of ...
The American Red Cross Central California Region is a non-profit humanitarian organization that provides disaster relief and ... American Red Cross of Central California. The American Red Cross Central California Region serves over 4.2 million residents ... The American Red Cross Central California Region serves over 4.2 million residents throughout 11 counties ... Central California Blog. Sew Many Ways to Help!. by Dave Wagner, Public Affairs Volunteer When Vikki Hunt saw the request for ...
... Madrid. Thousands of families fleeing Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua are turning to Europe for ... Nearly 7,800 Central Americans applied for asylum in Europe last year, up from 4,835 in 2017. Migrants say its safer to take a ... Sources told The Wall Street Journal that Kim Jong Nam, who lived most of his life outside North Korea, also met with ... In May, three Americans died within five days of one another at the Bahía Príncipe resort; they all suffered pulmonary edema ...
dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast; ... Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada ... Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a countrys central bank charges commercial, ... Central Intelligence Agency. Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505. You can also mail a letter to a U.S. Embassy or ...
US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris ... Cubas communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and ... Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida ... central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes ...
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... Distribution in central and south American countries. Control and ... The sterile insect technique is now in use to eliminate the fly in other areas of Central America. Significant difficulties ... Activities in Central America. Economic aspects. Disease prevention. Projections. Conclusions. Bibliography M. Vargas-Terán The ... Activities in Central America. Puerto Rico. In 1974 an eradication programme was initiated on the island of Puerto Rico and ...
More than 20 untouched mining zones have been identified in Central America, according to reports from the mining companies. ... With the pretext of joining the globalised market and promoting investment, the Central American governments are offering ... are driving transnational mining companies to seek new options for exploration and exploitation of gold in Central America.. ... Civil Society, Development & Aid, Economy & Trade, Environment, Headlines, Human Rights, Indigenous Rights, Latin America & the ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Ixophorus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
Mexico is occasionally considered part of Central America due to the language and indigenous/Hispanic cultural heritage it ... Geographically part of North America, it is made up of seven small, mostly tropical countries that have much more in common ... with South America and Mexico than the more affluent north. ... America is the thin section of land that links the North American ... North America,North American]] continent with the [[South America,South American]] continent. Geographically part of North ...
... the Triangulo Norte of Central America constitute "emerging powers." Central America is a strategic corridor for trafficking ... On December 14, 2010, authors of three studies commissioned by the Latin American Program on organized crime in Central America ... Organized Crime in Central America. Panelists explore the specific, local dynamics of organized crime in El Salvador, Honduras ... Garzón also thought it important to explain how Nicaragua figured in the Central American context, and why crime and fear of ...
  • Mark Manly, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in Mexico, advised the country to prepare to receive more Central America migrants amid tensions with the U.S. (
  • Many of the migrants bound for the United States hail from the poor nations of Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, and there are concerns that Trump's promise to deport millions would have grave repercussions in Central American countries with few jobs and shaky security. (
  • In this period the region also became a geographic bridge to North America for migrants from South America seeking to enter the United States, while Mexico has become the main transit country for Central Americans headed north. (
  • The stark danger is that increasing numbers of them will go bust and join streams of desperate migrants to America and the urban slums of their own countries. (
  • His story is playing out across Central America among many migrants and would-be migrants. (
  • A significant number of Central American migrants are likely Canada-bound due to the ongoing immigration and security turmoil in the United States. (
  • In 2020, MSF published a special report based on 480 interviews and testimonies of Central American migrants and asylum seekers, experiences of MSF staff, and medical data from more than 26,000 people helped along the migration route through Mexico during the first nine months of 2019. (
  • TIJUANA, Mexico: Mexico deported scores of Central American migrants arrested after hundreds forced their way through a Mexican police blockade and headed for the United States but were met with tear gas and rubber bullets. (
  • The Eternal Frontier: An Ecological History of North America and its Peoples. (
  • however, in 1823 they seceded from Mexico to form the Federal Republic of Central America until 1838. (
  • Federal Republic of Central America, 4 Escudos (1835). (
  • Their first attempt was the Federal Republic of Central America , and the most recent effort was the founding of the Republic of Central America 11 years earlier. (
  • In 1821, a united battle for independence led to the establishment of the Federal Republic of Central America. (
  • 1995). A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. (
  • Kingston, Jamaica -- The University of the West Indies (UWI) and IUCN (International Union of Conservation of Nature) Regional Office for Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, have renewed a five-year collaboration supporting Caribbean. (
  • For nearly three months, fires have been burning across southern Mexico and Central America, releasing waves of smoke that spread over the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Ocean, and the Caribbean Sea. (
  • Not only did it and they host the historic Summit of the Americas, but in just its fourth edition the IFF Panama has consolidated itself as an important and influential gathering of Central American and Caribbean filmmakers who shared the screen and the streets of Panama City's Casco Viejo, its old quarter, with international filmmakers, artists and industry executives. (
  • WASHINGTON, July 25, 2012 - Central American and Caribbean countries can reduce their oil dependency and shield themselves from high oil prices through a combination of renewable energy, energy efficiency programs and regional energy integration, says a new World Bank report. (
  • yet all countries in Central America and the Caribbean are net importers of these products. (
  • In both sub-regions, oil provides more than 90 percent of primary energy needs-more than one-third higher than the average for the Latin America and Caribbean region and more than twice the global average. (
  • For countries in Central America and the Caribbean, the average improvement in the current account balance would amount to approximately 1.6 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). (
  • Research here explores the demographics, migration flows, human-capital development, interconnected policy realities, and outcomes for immigrants from Central America and the Caribbean. (
  • As Latin American and Caribbean countries face a dual challenge-managing large-scale Venezuelan arrivals alongside the COVID-19 pandemic-reliable data on the characteristics of newcomers are essential to policymaking. (
  • The Migration Portal is the first comprehensive website that tracks developments on immigration policy in Latin America and the Caribbean, presenting authoritative research, data, and analysis produced by MPI, governments, international organizations, researchers, and civil society. (
  • MSF is also calling on the US government to suspend all deportations to Latin America and the Caribbean. (
  • The map below shows how GNI, PPP (constant 2011 international $) varies by country in Central America & the Caribbean. (
  • citation needed] Ancient sites of Central America Ancient footprints of Acahualinca, Nicaragua Stone spheres of Costa Rica Tazumal, El Salvador Tikal, Guatemala Copan, Honduras Altun Ha, Belize In the Pre-Columbian era, the northern areas of Central America were inhabited by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. (
  • The republic consisted of the present-day Central American countries of Costa Rica , El Salvador , Guatemala , Honduras , and Nicaragua , and the southern Mexican state of Chiapas. (
  • Between November 14 and December 20, 1907, after a proposal by Mexico and the United States, five Central American nations ( Costa Rica , El Salvador , Guatemala , Honduras and Nicaragua ) took part in the Central American Peace Conference in Washington, D.C. sponsored by United States Secretary of State Elihu Root . (
  • On October 14, 1951 (33 years after the CACJ was dissolved) the governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua signed a treaty creating the Organization of Central American States (Organización de Estados Centroamericanos , or ODECA) to promote regional cooperation and unity. (
  • Phantom Lighting agent representatives not only work with Central American businesses, but also with private individuals and retired couples now moving in mass to the shores of Belize, Costa Rica, and Panama. (
  • Costa Rica is the only one in Central America that has increased its forest cover in the last 15 years. (
  • It is the Central American country with the greatest decline in forest cover, in a region where all of the countries, with the exception of Costa Rica, are destroying their forests. (
  • Cuba's communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. (
  • Among the inhabitants of Asia, Latin America and tropical Africa malaria, remains a major cause for alarm. (
  • Along with Africa, aviation in Central and South America is arguably one of the lesser developed air transport markets in the world. (
  • The most recent forecast came from Embraer with its outlook for Latin America (the company's term) for 2020-2029. (
  • Mark Neely, vice-president sales and marketing-The Americas for Embraer Commercial Aviation acknowledges that the 2020-2029 forecast of 380 deliveries of jets with up to 150 seats for Latin America is more optimistic in light of pre-pandemic forecasts. (
  • The Central/South America hotel industry reported slight improvement in occupancy month over month, but lower room rates, according to June 2020 data from STR . (
  • Cohen confronted Abrams, recently appointed point man for the US effort to oust the elected government in Caracas, as he exited a conference on the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela hosted by the Organization for American States (OAS) in Washington, DC. (
  • They also called for the rapid establishment of a regional initiative to address this humanitarian crisis jointly and definitively, in recognition of the shared responsibility to bring peace, security, welfare and justice to the peoples of Central America. (
  • The evidence gathered by MSF through our medical clinics along the Central American migration route in Mexico illustrates a humanitarian crisis that demands increased levels of both aid and compassion. (
  • MSF's direct experience on the ground points to a broader humanitarian crisis in Central America. (
  • Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious clashes in their nation. (
  • Indeed, the Dominican Republic is a full member of the Central American Integration System. (
  • CDC has partnered with the region's ministries of health and the Council of Ministers of Health of Central America and the Dominican Republic (COMISCA) to build a sustainable, high-impact national HIV response program. (
  • Public Debt Markets in Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic ," IMF Working Papers 07/147, International Monetary Fund. (
  • In Ibero-America (Spanish and Portuguese speaking American countries), the Americas is considered a single continent, and Central America is considered a subregion of the Americas comprising the seven countries south of Mexico and north of Colombia. (
  • While both can be translated into English as "Central America", "América Central" is generally used to refer to the geographical area of the seven countries between Mexico and Colombia, while "Centroamérica" is used when referring to the former members of the Federation emphasizing the shared culture and history of the region. (
  • Shortly after Central America declared independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, some of its countries were annexed by the First Mexican Empire in 1822 and then Central America formed the Federal Republic in 1823. (
  • Four countries ( Guatemala , El Salvador , Honduras , and Nicaragua ) experiencing political, cultural and migratory integration have formed a group, the Central America Four or CA-4, which has introduced common internal borders and the same type of passport . (
  • El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras are three of the northernmost countries of Central America, making up the Northern Triangle, situated just south of Mexico on the isthmus linking North and South America 1 . (
  • The latter undoubtedly competes in animal and public health and economic importance with the NWS in the countries of Central and South America. (
  • Geographically part of North America, it is made up of seven small, mostly tropical countries that have much more in common with South America and Mexico than the more affluent north. (
  • Mexico]] is occasionally considered part of Central America due to the language and indigenous/Hispanic cultural heritage it shares with several of the countries in the region. (
  • The Trump administration announced on Sunday that it wants Central American children - even those fleeing for their lives - to be turned away at the US-Mexico border or quickly sent back to their home countries. (
  • Mexico recognized just 130 unaccompanied Central American children as refugees in 2016 , less than 1 percent of the more than 17,000 unaccompanied children from those countries who were apprehended during the year. (
  • On Monday, at a meeting in Guatemala City, the foreign ministers of the Central American countries asked Mexico for help to create a migrant protection network, liaise for coordination with U.S. authorities, and to meet regularly for regional talks. (
  • In 1970, according to the work of demographer Alicia Maguid, half of all Central American emigrants (those moving into other countries) relocated to other Central American countries while half moved out of the region. (
  • Aid groups and governments in drought-hit countries in Central America need to boost the resilience of communities struggling to feed themselves and invest more in agriculture if the region is to recover from recurrent drought, the United Nations said. (
  • TEGUCIGALPA, Jul 18 2014 (IPS) - The migration crisis involving thousands of Central American children detained in the United States represents the loss of a generation of young people fleeing poverty, violence and insecurity in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, the countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America where violence is rife. (
  • It is like someone has torn open an artery in Honduras and other Central American countries. (
  • Banks' liquidity holdings are comfortably above legal or prudential requirements in most Central American countries. (
  • The World Bank has announced it is providing a further $130m for Central American countries, bringing the total of emergency World Bank aid for the region to about $200m. (
  • The President of El Salvador, Armando Calderon Sol, has also asked developed countries, in particular the United States, to be more flexible in their treatment of Central American immigrants. (
  • Acting Special Envoy McCarrick and Rosanety Barrios Beltran, Head of Industrial Transformation Policy of Mexico's Energy Secretariat, also announced a new partnership in which the U.S. and Mexican governments will collaborate with countries in Central America to strengthen policy, regulatory, and investment frameworks for natural gas. (
  • While the changes have happened more slowly in poorer, more rural Central American countries, they have begun to quicken here, too. (
  • Central American countries are peace-loving democracies, and like all democracies, they do not go to war with one another. (
  • It's prevalent along the Pacific coast of Central America - across six countries. (
  • We have wielded our influence in the past over Central American countries, usually with detrimental results. (
  • The Regional board represents the region's four key areas: Central America, Brazil, North-Andean countries and South America, ensuring that members generate locally relevant intellectual property that is also relevant to clients worldwide. (
  • A collection of transfer pricing summaries of countries in the Latin America. (
  • The countries of Central America's Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) have seen a significant number of their citizens migrate to the United States. (
  • It sits on the front line of a burgeoning forced displacement crisis with 500,000 people fleeing annually from countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA)-El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. (
  • Founded in 1985, STR maintains a presence in 15 countries with a corporate North American headquarters in Hendersonville, Tennessee, an international headquarters in London, and an Asia Pacific headquarters in Singapore. (
  • For the Central American countries (CA), there is the potential of significant gains, but these are not evenly spread. (
  • A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the. (
  • Also efforts are made to strengthen the collaboration and data exchange with partners from the participating countries of Central America and colleagues from the US Margins program. (
  • Middle America is usually thought to comprise Mexico to the north of the 7 states of Central America as well as Colombia and Venezuela to the south. (
  • Intercepted by RT America correspondent Dan Cohen while leaving a conference in DC, US envoy for Venezuela Elliott Abrams did not seem in the mood to discuss his criminal convictions or Iran-Contra weapons shipments. (
  • Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu sets off on a three-day Latin American tour during which he will visit Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba, a Defense Ministry spokesman has said. (
  • While Guerrero may be Ecuadorian by birth, he has a nimble feel for South American ingredients that lets him move easily through the cuisines of the Andes and up into Venezuela - a country whose oil business and political upheavals have sent so many immigrants our way. (
  • Between 2015 and 2016, over 180,000 children and families fleeing violence in Central America were apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border. (
  • T housands of families fleeing Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua are turning to Europe for refuge instead of the U.S. Nearly 7,800 Central Americans applied for asylum in Europe last year, up from 4,835 in 2017. (
  • When I spoke with Ruben, it was 2017, nearly 20 years after I had first spent time in his community, a coffee cooperative in El Salvador's central highlands founded in the 1990s. (
  • While much attention has been paid to recent Central American arrivals at the U.S.-Mexico border, nearly half of the approximately 3.5 million Central Americans resident in the United States in 2017 arrived before 2000. (
  • According to the State of the Region Programme , the 2017 environmental statistics published this month, since 2000 Central America has lost forest cover and wetlands, vital to the preservation of aquifers, which coincided with a widespread regional increase in greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming. (
  • Central America has been a locus of migration for generations. (
  • A relative unknown in hemispheric migration matters until recent decades, Central America transformed from a minor to a major player during a decade of armed conflicts in the 1980s. (
  • As the peasantry and working classes left en masse, the predominantly middle-class nature of the migration shifted (see the Spotlight on Central American Foreign Born ). (
  • Ricardo Puerta, an expert on migration, told IPS that the Central American region is losing its next generation. (
  • Migration from Central America has gotten a lot of attention these days, including the famous migrant caravans . (
  • These policies are aimed almost entirely at deterring the migration of Mexicans and Central Americans. (
  • Our organization, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), runs a clinic inside the La 72 shelter, among other locations along the Central American migration route through Mexico. (
  • What is the Central American migration crisis? (
  • Central Americans fleeing violence often face more of the same along the migration route through Mexico. (
  • From 1609 to 1821, the majority of Central American territories (except for what would become Belize and Panama, and including the modern Mexican state of Chiapas) were governed by the viceroyalty of New Spain from Mexico City as the Captaincy General of Guatemala. (
  • Central America" may mean different things to various people, based upon different contexts: The United Nations geoscheme for the Americas defines the region as all states of mainland North America south of the United States and specifically includes all of Mexico. (
  • The Central America bioregion is a biogeographic region comprising southern Mexico and Central America. (
  • After Iturbide abdicated (March 19, 1823), Mexico became a republic (formally proclaimed on November 1, 1823) and offered the previously annexed Central American provinces the right to determine their own destiny. (
  • On July 1, 1823, the Congress of Central America declared absolute independence from Spain, Mexico, and any other foreign nation, and established a republican system of government. (
  • According to Cynthia Arnson , director of the Latin American Program, an analysis of sub-regional dynamics is especially critical given the levels of violence in Mexico and the displacement of drug cartel activity from Mexico to Central America. (
  • Trump's election upset has sent shockwaves through Mexico and Central America, which rely heavily on U.S. remittances and bilateral trade with their rich northern neighbor. (
  • Inhabits the regions within the large rivers from the Papaloapan basin in central Veracruz and along the lowlands of the Usumacinta basin in the States of Tabasco and Chiapas, as well as in Campeche, Mexico, through Belize and the large rivers and lakes of the department of Peten on the Atlantic coast of Guatemala. (
  • For research specific to Mexico, see North America. (
  • How MSF is helping people on the move in Central America and at the US-Mexico border? (
  • The coronavirus pandemic has compounded the risks for people on the move in Mexico and Central America. (
  • Trump said, referring to his central election pledge to build a wall across the US-Mexico border. (
  • Following the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Committee for Chagas Control in Central America and Mexico, novel control interventions, including house improvements, will soon start in priority disease hotspots. (
  • This project, implemented in partnership with the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, will demonstrate the feasibility of eliminating Chagas as a public health threat in a highly endemic area, and set the basis for its replication in other hotspots of Central America and Mexico. (
  • On 15 September 1821, the Act of Independence of Central America was enacted to announce Central America's separation from the Spanish Empire and provide for the establishment of a new Central American state. (
  • Two consecutive years of drought linked to El Nino - a warming of the Pacific Ocean's surface that causes hot and drier conditions - have battered subsistence farmers in Central America's 'dry corridor' running through Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. (
  • We need to change the traditional response strategy and tackle the structural causes of poverty and food insecurity in Central America's Dry Corridor, and not settle for simply mounting a humanitarian response every time an emergency situation occurs,' said FAO Director-General Jose Graziano da Silva. (
  • We need to focus on resilience, inclusive sustainable development, and climate change adaptation,' he said at a meeting of U.N. agencies gathered in Rome to discuss Central America's drought. (
  • The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) said it would give aid to 600,000 families struggling to feed themselves in Central America's dry corridor until the end of August, especially those expecting just one harvest rather than the usual two. (
  • Since 2014, a serious drought has decimated crops in Central America's so-called dry corridor along the Pacific Coast. (
  • The sort of involvement which is being promoted in Nicaragua would be certain to alienate almost every country in Spanish America, not to speak of our NATO allies and the ``third world. (
  • Nicaragua is the only Central American nation that has agreed to the draft treaty. (
  • To charge Nicaragua with refusing to compromise because it won't agree to the desires of US allies is unfair, especially since the draft of the US and its Central American allies is seriously defective. (
  • In March, the Latin American Water Tribunal issued a moral sanction against Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala for allowing mining activities without first measuring environmental impacts and for violating international agreements, particularly those protecting the rights of indigenous peoples. (
  • Central American presidents have appealed for the debts of Nicaragua and Honduras to be written off to help them overcome the devastating flooding caused by Hurricane Mitch. (
  • A mysterious epidemic is sweeping Central America - it's the second biggest cause of death among men in El Salvador, and in Nicaragua it's a bigger killer of men than HIV and diabetes combined. (
  • El 19 de julio de 1979 (43 a os despu s del inicio de la Revoluci n Espa ola contra el golpe de Estado de Franco) triunfaba en Nicaragua una revoluci n de claro contenido popular. (
  • Desde 1855, con la invasi n del filibustero Walker, Nicaragua ha sido un enclave norteamericano, una especie de semi-colonia, un pa s libre e independiente s lo formalmente, donde el control de Estados Unidos era total en todas las actividades nicarag enses. (
  • Forecasters said central and northern Nicaragua into much of Honduras could get 15 to 25 inches (380 to 635 millimeters) of rain, with 35 inches (890 millimeters) in isolated areas. (
  • The US and its Central American allies objected to key sections of the treaty and met in Honduras to write up their own draft. (
  • The opposition protests are growing not only in western and central Honduras, but also in the south. (
  • Jazziel Baca lives in the municipality of Esquías, in western Honduras, one of the areas hardest hit by the southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis), which damaged almost 500,000 hectares of forest in that Central American country between 2013 and 2015. (
  • Central America is a part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala to central Panama. (
  • From the 16th century through 1821, Central America, apart from Panama, formed the Captaincy General of Guatemala within the Spanish Empire. (
  • As more people buy land along the Central American coasts and more European and North American companies expand into the region, Phantom lighting representatives offer agent services to businesses and individual clients alike from Belize to Panama. (
  • Central American liberals in San Salvador objected to this [ clarification needed ] and refused to accept Filísola's authority. (
  • El Salvador,'' says the editorial, ``is the one region in Central America in which US policies clearly have been successful. (
  • Since you're a frequent reader of our website, we want to be able to share even more great America content with you and let you know about more ways to get involved with our media ministry. (
  • República Federal de Centroamérica ), also called the United Provinces of Central America ( Provincias Unidas del Centro de América ) in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America consisting of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain . (
  • In 1821 a congress of Central American Criollos in Guatemala City composed the Act of Independence of Central America to declare the region's independence from Spain, effective on September 15 of that year. (
  • La Selva Maya en el norte de Guatemala sirvió de escenario para la conmemoración de los 40 años de la Cooperación Alemana en Guatemala, con una visita al departamento de Petén a finales del mes de febrero, que permitió. (
  • In the central part of the Peninsula, a large outbreak of fires is burning in northern Guatemala, and to the west individual plumes from fires burning in the Sierra Madre Mountains in the Mexican state of Chiapas. (
  • Guatemala is a Central American country with great opportunities to innovate. (
  • These are made-in-Guatemala solutions to problems that are found all around the world, but that are acute in this lush Central American country. (
  • Journey across Central and South America-from the lush, tropical jungles of Guatemala to the granite, glacier-carved landscapes of Patagonia-traveling in the comfort of a private jet. (
  • La región de Huehuetenango, en las tierras altas de los Cuchumatanes al occidente de Guatemala, es un importante centro de diversificación del maíz. (
  • In 1990, MIchael DeVine, an American businessman living in Guatemala, apparently stumbled upon the Guatemalan Army's drug-trafficking activities. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has collaborated with public health institutions in Central America since the 1960s. (
  • President Trump has portrayed Mexicans and Central Americans as, at best, stealing jobs from U.S. citizens and, at worst, murderers and rapists preying on society. (
  • The Trump administration's policy initiatives over the past year further endanger hundreds of thousands of people forced to flee Central America, as well as many others already in the United States who are now threatened with deportation. (
  • The high levels of violence in the region, known as the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA), are comparable to that in war zones where MSF has worked for decades. (
  • Central America (Spanish: América Central, pronounced [aˈmeɾika senˈtɾal] (listen), Centroamérica pronounced [sentɾoaˈmeɾika] (listen)) is a region of the Americas. (
  • Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arc, there is a great deal of seismic activity in the region, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, which has resulted in death, injury and property damage. (
  • Governments in the region sometimes reinforce this sense of belonging to Central America in its citizens[citation needed]. (
  • The montane vegetation of the region is distinct from the lowland vegetation, and includes species with origins in temperate North America, including oaks (Quercus), Pines (Pinus) and alders (Alnus), as well as a some species with origins in temperate South America, including Weinmannia and Drimys. (
  • In the 1990's supermarkets went from controlling 10 to 20 percent of the market in the region to dominating it, a transition that took 50 years in the United States, according to researchers at Michigan State and the Latin American Center for Rural Development in Santiago, Chile. (
  • The Central & South American region is rich in natural resources, has a young population and emerging political environments that are paving the way for ample trade and international investment opportunities. (
  • The AGN Central & South American region is led by Chairman Marielos de Rueda , Partner at AGN's Guatemalan member firm Panchita Aguirre de Keahler & Asociados, and it is also supported by multi-lingual regional director, Mireia Rovira . (
  • The Central & South America Region usually uses Spanish as main language, and many contents such as webinars, publications and presentations are available in Spanish. (
  • Huntington's Disease Society of America - South Central Region Huntington's Disease Society of America - South Central Regi. (
  • These policies build on bipartisan failings, including 40 years of U.S. interventions in Central America, that have continued to destabilize the region and feed a pattern of forced displacement. (
  • The EU Central America Association Agreement is an example of the successful completion of a region-to-region agreement and therefore in line with the EU's aim of promoting regional integration in other regions through trade and association agreements. (
  • Hurricane Eta erupted quickly into a potentially catastrophic major hurricane Monday as it headed for Central America, where forecasters warned of massive flooding and landslides across a vulnerable region. (
  • Get your itinerary and trip ideas for exploring the African-American Heritage Trail in the central region of the state. (
  • In downtown Ferriday, The Delta Music Museum , offers exhibits on numerous notable rock and blues musicians with ties to the central Louisiana region. (
  • Figure 33-1 shows the distribution of ecological zones in North and Central America, as identifed and mapped by FRA 2000. (
  • The forest cover in Central America decreased from 46 percent in 2000 to 41 percent in 2015. (
  • The commander of U.S. military forces in Latin America said U.S. support for the contras is the "cheapest and most effective way" to keep Nicaragua's Sandinista government from subverting its neighbors. (
  • What do you say to people who are skeptical about you because of your history of using humanitarian aid to send weapons to contras in Central America? (
  • In early 1984, two American mercenaries, Thomas Posey and Dana Parker , contacted Negroponte, stating they wanted to supply arms to the Contras after the U.S. Congress had banned further military aid. (
  • The former Reagan official, who played a key role in securing US support for death squads in Central America during the 1980s, was not in the mood to chat about his past exploits, however. (
  • A conservative estimate of this exodus, derived largely from the 1990 U.S. census, is that more than a million Central Americans fled their homelands and sought safe haven in the United States during the tumultuous decade of the 1980s. (
  • Plants of South American origin came to dominate the tropical lowlands of Central America, as did South American freshwater fish and invertebrates. (
  • Widefield fluorescein angiography in a patient with a central retinal vein occlusion. (
  • Moderate to severe nonischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). (
  • The captain of this ship, Negroponte was in charge of the U.S. Embassy when, according to a 1995 four-part series in the Baltimore Sun , hundreds of Hondurans were kidnapped, tortured and killed by Battalion 316, a secret army intelligence unit trained and supported by the Central Intelligence Agency," Allen wrote. (
  • Until then, Central American emigration had consisted of only a small number of professionals and skilled laborers and domestics. (
  • In the Pre-Columbian era, Central America was inhabited by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica to the north and west and the Isthmo-Colombian peoples to the south and east. (
  • Central America connects North America to South America. (
  • 95% of Central American freshwater fish are South American in origin, with only the Tropical gar (Atractosteus tropicus), three clupeids (Dorosoma), a catostomid (Ictiobus), and an ictalurid (Ictalurus) of North American origin. (
  • In "Free Trade Looks South" (editorial, Dec. 18) you applaud the completion of the U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement. (
  • times are tough across Central and South America. (
  • Eradication of NWS is important for increasing livestock production for a growing population without encroaching on the forests, jungles and environment of Central and South America. (
  • In Central and South America NWS is still an obstacle to increased animal production. (
  • Lately, I've been pondering the ongoing evolution of the South and Central American dining scene in Houston. (
  • Mexican cuisine is such an important factor in our local food scene that the growing influence of Central and South American cuisines is easy to overlook. (
  • A growing number of Central and South American-born chefs have made names for themselves here over the past few decades, too. (
  • Ecuadorian-born chef David Guerrero 's work at the fledgling Andes Cafe helps to flesh out Houston's South American dining in the mid range: It's ambitious but moderately priced, with a contemporary sensibility that makes it seem fresh. (
  • The interesting thing about Andes is that it provides both high-end thrills - in the form of a weekly Wednesday tasting menu that's priced a la carte - and everyday satisfactions: homey South American breakfasts, humble corn-based snacks, a tropical smoothie bar, respectable coffee drinks. (
  • In 1983, when I catalogued the growing international influences in Houston for Texas Monthly , I had only a few South and Central American restaurants to write about. (
  • While small, family-run South and Central American restaurants often struggle to find a foothold here, I've been astonished at the way Brazilian-style rodizios - both chain and independent - have caught on. (
  • But it's places like Andes Cafe, and the restless curiosity and ambition of chefs like David Guerrero, that will end up expanding Houston's taste for South American flavors beyond that which is already known. (
  • Regional discussion and conditions reports for South America. (
  • Please post partners requests and trip plans in the South American Climbing Partners section. (
  • I plan to end my trip in South America with attempts on Nevado Tres Cruces Sur (6,748m) & Central (6,629m). (
  • How do I set up my South and Central American cichlid's home? (
  • What do I put in my South and Central American Cichlids tank? (
  • The absolute occupancy and RevPAR levels were the lowest for any June in STR's Central/South America database. (
  • The US roll in central & south America. (
  • I have always been interested in the way the US 'intervene' the politics and economy in Central & South America. (
  • He is also a consultant to the Pan-American Health Organization on chronic diseases in Latin America. (
  • IDRC, in partnership with the Drugs for Neglected Disease Initiative and in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization, aim to expand donor support and local action to halt the transmission of this entirely preventable, costly, and debilitating disease. (
  • The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives from cancer and diminishing suffering from cancer through resear. (
  • The American Cancer Society is the nationwide, community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer. (
  • Much of this went to ensure the Honduran army's loyalty in the battle against popular movements throughout Central America . (
  • Senior-level participants from Central America also included: Guatemalan Minister of Energy and Mines Luis Chang, Honduran Minister of Energy Roberto Ordonez, Panamanian Secretary of Energy Victor Urrutia, CEO of the Costa Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) and ICE Group Carlos Obregon, El Salvadoran National Energy Council Executive Secretary Luis Reyes, Belizean Ambassador to the United States Daniel Gutierez, and Nicaraguan Electricity Market Director and System Operator Rodolfo Lopez. (
  • But one Honduran man, who did not give his name, told AFP American officers had "got upset because we were close to the border. (
  • The New World screwworm (NWS) has existed on the American continent from ancient times to the present. (
  • The New World screwworm (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), has existed on the American continent (see Figure 1) from ancient times, and its name is found in all the principal indigenous dialects. (
  • These trends have led experts at the World Bank to claim that around 2 million people are likely to be displaced from Central America by the year 2050 due to factors related to climate change. (
  • Several weeks later, on May 20, authorities arrested another 17 officials, including the head of the social security board and the president of the Guatemalan central bank, in connection with a $14.5 million bribery and influence-peddling scandal. (
  • At the end of World War II , interest in integrating the Central American governments began. (
  • With the pretext of joining the globalised market and promoting investment, the Central American governments are offering mining concessions for 15 to 30 years, and taxes of one or two percent of the total extracted. (
  • The site serves as a platform for the central and regional governments to release information and provide some online services. (
  • Regular cheap flights are available from the United States to Central Americas airports. (
  • The WFP helped 1 million people living in drought-hit areas in Central America in 2014 to 2015, mainly through cash-based transfers. (
  • In Central America, five million poor people living in houses made of mud, adobe, or thatch materials are at risk of contracting Chagas disease. (
  • Sonya Adams is one of over 1.3 million Americans alive today that were born with some form of congenital heart defect. (
  • A list of priority health conditions to consider when caring for or assisting Central American refugees. (
  • A new open access research paper looks at peach palm in tropical Latin America and its implications for biodiversity conservation, natural resource. (
  • LensCrafters and Lions Clubs are collecting used eyeglasses that will be distributed to people in Central America. (
  • Jason Cone, executive director of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in the United States, and Marc Bosch Bonacasa, head of operations for Latin America for MSF-Spain, write about the threats facing people forced to flee extreme violence in Central America . (
  • In short, Central America is a crossroads of many migratory streams. (
  • The central crossroads of Louisiana include the quaint communities of Alexandria/Pineville and Natchitoches . (
  • Check this publication to make a quick Latin American country comparison on different taxes, including Income tax, Double Tax Treaties and more. (
  • If we learned anything from the recent crisis, it's that the financial system is the central nervous system of the economy and of the country. (
  • America invaded the country with the works, AF, NAVY and Marines. (
  • When deciding on a new country in which to purchase a second home, or even to retire overseas, you've got a lot of great options for Central American real estate. (
  • With all that Belize and Ambergris Caye have to offer, it's no wonder the country is growing so rapidly in popularity compared to other Central American real estate markets. (
  • In order to support the community with additional resources to prevent these chronic diseases, the American Heart Association, with support from Dignity Health Bakersfield, held a training opportunity for local community health workers as part of their annual Go Red Por Tu Corazon event. (
  • It's not enough to say authorities in Central America should address gang violence. (
  • In addition, new market opportunities will also be better served by smaller aircraft: Latin America is an emerging economy, and its projected growth will generate more business and leisure markets," Neely observes. (
  • In North America NWS was one of the most harmful ectoparasites of wild and domestic animal populations and even sometimes of human beings (see Figure 2). (
  • Central Americans also tend to have a very highly favorable opinion of North Americans and North American businesses, and they have welcomed our lighting manufacturer representatives to their cities and small towns with open arms. (
  • Five North America member firms have made it onto the Top 200 list, three onto the Top 300 list and two are further recognised for being the fastest-growing firms based on U.S. net revenue performance. (
  • Decade of North American Geology Project Publisher: Boulder, Colo. : Geological Society of America, 1988. (
  • One of a six-volume set of Centennial field guides prepared under the auspices of the regional Sections of the Society as a part of the Decade of North American Geology (DNAG) Project"--Page xvii. (
  • Decade of North American Geology Project. (
  • Would you recommend American Cancer Society, North Central Area? (
  • To accord them political asylum would have undermined the U.S. government's policies (see Central Americans and Asylum Policy in the Reagan Era article for more). (
  • That date is still marked as independence day by most Central American nations. (
  • Scientific American maintains a strict policy of editorial independence in reporting developments in science to our readers. (