Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Transfer Agreement: A written agreement for the transfer of patients and their medical records from one health care institution to another.AfricaPoverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Falkland Islands: A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Durable Medical Equipment: Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Manitoba: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Sirenia: An order of heavy-bodied, slow-moving, completely aquatic, herbivorous mammals. The body is fusiform, plump, and hairless, except for bristles on the snout. Hindlimbs are absent, the forelimbs are modified to flippers, and the tail is a horizontal fluke. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)Cetacea: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)Otters: Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Dolphins: Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)Scrophularia: A plant genus of the family SCROPHULARIACEAE. Members contain iridoids.AlbaniaElectricity: The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.History of NursingCensuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Bioelectric Energy Sources: Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.

Onchocerciasis and epilepsy: a matched case-control study in the Central African Republic. (1/97)

The occurrence of epileptic seizures during onchocercal infestation has been suspected. Epidemiologic studies are necessary to confirm the relation between onchocerciasis and epilepsy. A matched case-control study was conducted in dispensaries of three northwestern towns of the Central African Republic. Each epileptic case was matched against two nonepileptic controls on the six criteria of sex, age (+/-5 years), residence, treatment with ivermectin, date of last ivermectin dose, and the number of ivermectin doses. Onchocerciasis was defined as at least one microfilaria observed in iliac crest skin snip biopsy. A total of 561 subjects (187 cases and 374 controls) were included in the study. Of the epileptics, 39.6% had onchocerciasis, as did 35.8% of the controls. The mean dermal microfilarial load was 26 microfilariae per mg of skin (standard deviation, 42) in the epileptics and 24 microfilariae per mg of skin (standard deviation, 48) in the controls. This matched case-control study found some relation (odds ratio = 1.21, 95% confidence interval 0.81-1.80), although it was nonstatistically significant.  (+info)

Predictors of correct treatment of children with fever seen at outpatient health facilities in the Central African Republic. (2/97)

To identify factors associated with improved performance of health care workers who treat ill children in developing countries, the authors analyzed a sample of consultations of children with malaria (defined as any fever) from a national health facility survey conducted in the Central African Republic from December 1995 to January 1996. Twenty-eight health care workers and 204 children were studied. A univariate analysis revealed the following significant predictors of correct treatment, as defined by the Central African malaria control program: high fever (odds ratio (OR) = 3.25, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.47, 7.17); correct health care worker diagnosis (OR = 2.59, 95% CI: 1.39, 4.85); and the caregiver's reporting the child's fever to the health care worker (OR = 2.18, 95% CI: 1.32, 3.62). There was an unexpected inverse association between the presence of a fever treatment chart and correct treatment (OR = 0.19, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.91). Correct treatment was marginally associated with a longer consultation time (p value for trend = 0.058). Neither in-service training in the treatment of fever nor supervision was significantly associated with correct treatment. For child health programs to improve, targeted studies are needed to understand which factors, alone or in combination, improve health care worker performance.  (+info)

Interactions between herpes simplex virus type 2 and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in African women: opportunities for intervention. (3/97)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are cofactors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission, but the specific role of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is unclear. This study aimed to examine the in vivo relationships between HSV-2 and HIV-1 in 300 women in Bangui, Central African Republic. Sera were tested for syphilis, HIV-1, HSV-2 antibody, and levels of vitamins A and E. Genital specimens were tested for other STDs. HSV-2 DNA and HIV-1 RNA were quantified in cervicovaginal lavage. The prevalences of HSV-2 antibody (91% vs. 78%, P=.02), HSV-2 shedding (43% vs. 22%, P=. 003), and levels of HSV-2 DNA (P=.01) were all significantly higher among HIV-1-seropositive than among HIV-1-seronegative women. There was a significant correlation between genital HIV-1 RNA and HSV-2 DNA levels (P=.02) among the 23 women who were shedding HSV-2 DNA. If confirmed, such associations highlight the urgent need for HSV-2 control measures in populations at high risk of both infections.  (+info)

Aetiology of urethral discharge in Bangui, Central African Republic. (4/97)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the aetiology of urethritis in Bangui, Central African Republic. METHODS: 410 men presenting with urethral discharge and 100 asymptomatic controls were enrolled. Urethral swabs were obtained and processed by gonococcal culture and polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Ureaplasma urealyticum. RESULTS: In multivariate analyses, M genitalium and C trachomatis were significantly associated with urethral discharge when comparing cases of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) with controls. T vaginalis was also more common in cases than in controls, but this reached statistical significance only among cases in whom N gonorrhoeae was also detected. U urealyticum was not associated with urethritis. The gonococcus was found in 69% of cases of urethral discharge. M genitalium was the predominant pathogen in patients with NGU, being found in 42% (53/127) of such patients while C trachomatis was found in only 17% (22/127). T vaginalis was found in 18% (23/127) of patients with NGU, but also in 15% (43/283) of patients with gonococcal urethritis, and two thirds of patients with T vaginalis also had the gonococcus. Multiple infections were common. M genitalium caused a syndrome similar to chlamydial urethritis, with a less severe inflammation than in gonococcal infection. No behavioural or clinical characteristic could discriminate between the various aetiological agents. CONCLUSIONS: M genitalium is more prevalent than C trachomatis and is the most common cause of NGU in BANGUI: It causes a syndrome similar to chlamydial urethritis. T vaginalis is weakly associated with urethritis, and is often found along with other pathogens.  (+info)

Sleeping sickness surveillance: an essential step towards elimination. (5/97)

In the last decades, with little or no surveillance sleeping sickness has returned to alarming levels comparable to the early twentieth century. Sixty million people are considered at risk but only 3-4 million are under surveillance, yielding some 45 000 new cases annually. It is estimated that at least 300 000-500 000 people are presently infected. Despite the almost universal presence of the vector in sub-Saharan Africa and the existence of an animal parasite reservoir, it is technically feasible to control and eliminate the disease as a public health problem. The authors describe, step-by-step, a surveillance method based on the epidemiological status of the village and using several approaches ranging from passive to active surveillance. Co-ordinated by the WHO, such surveillance has been incepted in several countries. Epidemiological data is spatially linked to the village, whose geographical co-ordinates are collected using a Global Positioning Systems (GPS). Information is transmitted to WHO through internet. Data analysis and mapping is carried out using Geographical Information System (GIS) software and thematic maps are generated to illustrate epidemiological status. Examples from Central African Republic (CAR), Cameroon and Gabon illustrate the process and mapping.  (+info)

Chronic diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome associated with HEp-2 adherent Escherichia coli in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus in Bangui, Central African Republic. (6/97)

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults from the Central African Republic, the occurrence of chronic diarrhea due to HEp-2 adherent Escherichia coli (EAEC) harboring virulence markers (eaeA, BFP, EAF, astA determinant of EAST/1, positive FAS test, enteropathogenic E. coli O serogroup) was shown to be associated with AIDS. We also show that EAEC that produce verotoxin (Stx2) but do not harbor the genetic markers for classical enterohemorrhagic E. coli are involved in hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in patients with HIV.  (+info)

Tetanus toxoid coverage as an indicator of serological protection against neonatal tetanus. (7/97)

OBJECTIVE: A Multiple-Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was conducted at mid-decade in more than 60 developing countries to measure progress towards the year 2000 World Summit for Children goals. These goals included the protection of at least 90% of children against neonatal tetanus through the immunization of their mothers, as measured by tetanus toxoid (TT) coverage. In the Central African Republic (CAR), serological testing was added to the MICS to understand better the relationship between survey estimates of TT coverage and the prevalence of serological protection. METHODS: In the CAR MICS, mothers of children younger than one year of age gave verbal histories of the TT vaccinations they had received, using the MICS TT questionnaire. A subsample of mothers was tested for tetanus antitoxin, using a double-antigen enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA). Seropositivity was defined as a titre of > or =0.01 IU/ml, and TT coverage was defined as the proportion of mothers protected at delivery, according to their history of TT vaccinations. FINDINGS: Among the 222 mothers in the subsample, weighted TT coverage was 74.4% (95% Confidence Interval (CI); 67.0% - 81.7%) and tetanus antitoxin seroprevalence was 88.7% (95% CI; 83.2% - 94.2%). The weighted median antitoxin titre was 0.35 IU/ml. CONCLUSIONS: Tetanus toxoid coverage in the CAR was lower than the prevalence of serological protection against neonatal tetanus. If this relationship holds for other countries, TT coverage estimates from the MICS may underestimate the extent to which the year 2000 goal for protecting children against neonatal tetanus was reached. We also showed that a high level of serological protection had been achieved in a country facing major public health challenges and resource constraints.  (+info)

Evaluation of the micro-CATT, CATT/Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, and LATEX/T b gambiense methods for serodiagnosis and surveillance of human African trypanosomiasis in West and Central Africa. (8/97)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of serological tests using dried blood on filter-papers (micro-card agglutination test for trypanosomiasis (micro-CATT)) performed under field and laboratory conditions and using whole blood ((CATT/T.b. gambiense) (wb-CATT) and latex agglutination (LATEX/T.b. gambiense) (wb-LATEX)) for the serodiagnosis and surveillance of human African trypanosomiasis in West and Central Africa. METHODS: We evaluated the micro-CATT, wb-CATT and wb-LATEX methods in Cote d'Ivoire and the Central African Republic by screening 940 people. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each serological test; only patients with the confirmed presence of trypanosomes in the blood or lymph aspirate were considered true positives. Positive and negative predictive values were also calculated. FINDINGS: Each of the tests showed a lower sensitivity in the Central African Republic than in Cote d'Ivoire. CONCLUSION: The results confirmed the efficiency of the classic wb-CATT to detect sleeping sickness patients. The micro-CATT method can be used for human African trypanosomiasis surveillance if the test is performed on the same day as the blood collection, or if samples are stored at 4 degrees C. Otherwise, micro-CATT can be used when absolute sensitivity is not required. wb-LATEX should only be used for high-specificity screening.  (+info)

*Carnot, Central African Republic

Carnot is a city located in the Central African Republic prefecture of Mambéré-Kadéï. It has a population of 45,421 (2003 ...

*Damara, Central African Republic

Part of the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict, the rebels claimed that President of the Central African Republic ... Damara is a town located in the Central African Republic prefecture of Ombella-M'Poko. It is located about an hour from the ... http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21905433 Coordinates: 4°58′N 18°42′E / 4.967°N 18.700°E / 4.967; 18.700. ... http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21905433 "Séléka rebels agree on unconditional talks". CAR govt. 29 December 2012. ...

*Nola, Central African Republic

Nola is the capital of Sangha-Mbaéré, an economic prefecture of the Central African Republic. It is located at the confluence ...

*Takara, Central African Republic

Takara is a village in the Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture in the northern Central African Republic. Satellite map at Maplandia. ...

*Kori, Central African Republic

Kori is a village in the Bamingui-Bangoran Prefecture in the northern Central African Republic. It is located on the border ...

*Bria, Central African Republic

List of cities in the Central African Republic Prefectures of the Central African Republic "Normales et records pour la période ... Bria is the capital of Haute-Kotto, one of the 14 prefectures of the Central African Republic. As of the 2003 census the town ... "Climate Bria - Central African Republic for rainfall totals". Infoclimat. Retrieved 2014-01-13. Coordinates: 6°32′13″N 21°59′31 ...

*Vata, Central African Republic

... is a village in the Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture in the northern Central African Republic. ...

*Central African Republic League

... is the top football league in the Central African Republic It was created in 1968. The league ...

*Karawa, Central African Republic

Karawa is a village in the Lobaye region in the Central African Republic approximately 55 km southwest of the capital, Bangui. ...

*Pissa, Central African Republic

Pissa is a village in the Lobaye region in the Central African Republic southwest of the capital, Bangui and near the border ... with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Nearby towns and villages include Bogombe (3.9 nm), Boyama (3.6 nm), Sinzongo (1.4 ...

*Baboua, Central African Republic

"First Bayaka (Pygmy) to Graduate from Lutheran Bible School in Central African Republic". Retrieved 9 August 2012. ... "Celebrating 50 Years of Independence in the Central African Republic". Retrieved 9 August 2012. Troester, Joe. " ... located within the prefecture of Nana-Mambéré in the Central African Republic (CAR), approximately 550 kilometres (340 mi) ...

*Bimbo, Central African Republic

List of cities in the Central African Republic Prefectures of the Central African Republic Google (30 March 2013). "Bimbo, ... "Central African Republic: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Archived from the ... "Bimbo, Central African Republic". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 21 October 2013. Coordinates: 4°15′21″N 18°24′15″E / 4.25583°N ... Bimbo (also, Bimo) is the capital of Ombella-M'poko, one of the 14 prefectures of the Central African Republic, and is located ...

*Bakala (Central African Republic)

Bakala is a sub-prefecture and town in the Ouaka Prefecture of the southern-central Central African Republic. It is located ...

*Central African Republic passport

The Central African passport is issued to citizens of the Central African Republic for international travel. As of 1 January ... Central African Republic citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 46 countries and territories, ranking the Central ... List of passports Visa requirements for Central African Republic citizens "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF ... African Republic passport 89th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Equatorial Guinean passport) according to the Henley visa ...

*National Assembly (Central African Republic)

History of the Central African Republic Politics of Central African Republic List of national legislatures List of Presidents ... of the Parliament of the Central African Republic since the ratification of the Constitution of the Central African Republic on ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of the Central African Republic. Members are elected in single- ... The legislature of the Central African Republic was previously (at least as of 1990) a bicameral institution known as Congress ...

*2016 Central African Republic League

The 2016 Central African Republic League season is the top level of football competition in Central African Republic. A total ... Central African Republic 2016, RSSSF.com. ...

*Civic Forum (Central African Republic)

... p235 Elections in the Central African Republic African Elections Database Tom Lansford (2014) Political Handbook of the World ... Civic Forum (French: Forum Civique, FC) was a political party in the Central African Republic led by Timothée Malendoma. ... However, the ruling Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People was able to form a government after the defection ... David Seddon (2013) A Political and Economic Dictionary of Africa, Routledge, p151 CAR: Parties inactive in the 2011 elections ...

*National Convention (Central African Republic)

... p235 Elections in the Central African Republic African Elections Database. ... National Convention (French: Convention Nationale, CN) was a political party in the Central African Republic led by David ...

*Central African Republic-India relations

... refers to the international relations that exist between the Central African Republic ... "Central African Republic woos Indian investment". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 2017-04-10. "Central African Republic woos Indian ... "Destination: Republic of Central Africa". Hole-in-the-Wall. 8 September 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2017. "Africa Scholarships". ... The Central African Republic and India signed an agreement to hold Foreign Office Consultations between the two Foreign ...

*Central African Republic Air Force

The Central African Republic Air Force (French: Force Aérienne Centrafricaine) is the aerial warfare branch of the Central ... African Republic Armed Forces. The Air Force is reported to be almost inactive due to the unserviceability of its aircraft. ...

*Central African Republic Swimming Federation

The Central African Republic Swimming Federation (French: Fédération Centrafricaine de Natation), is the national governing ... body for the sport of swimming in the Central African Republic. "Fédération Centrafricaine de Natation". FINA. Retrieved 4 ...

*Central African Republic-China relations

Central African Republic-People's Republic of China relations refer to the bilateral relations of the Central African Republic ... "AFP: Central Africa calls on China for investment". Google News. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2009-10-05. The Central African Republic ... 152 million in development assistance to the Central Africa Republic. Several major Chinese aid projects in the Central African ... "The Central African Republic". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 2003-10-12. Retrieved 2009-10-05 ...

*Central African Republic Bush War

The Central African Republic Bush War was a civil war in the Central African Republic between Union of Democratic Forces for ... "Bush war leaves Central African villages deserted". Reuters. Bodouli, Central African Republic. Human Rights Watch (2007-09-15 ... 2013 Central African Republic coup d'état Chadian Civil War (2005-10) War in Darfur List of wars 2003-10 IRIN & 2006-11-13. ... AFP (2009-01-29). "Touadera names rebels in new Central African Republic govt". Google News. Bangui. Archived from the original ...

*Ngando language (Central African Republic)

2017). "Ngando (Central African Republic)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History ... Ngando is a Bantu macrolanguage of the Central African Republic, and according to Glottolog includes the Kota/Dikota language [ ... of Central African Republic, not to be confused with the Kota language of Gabon (iKota), or the Kota language of India (Kō mānt ...

*1981 Central African Republic coup d'état

Doeden, Matt (2009). Central African Republic in Pictures (Visual Geography. Second Series). Twenty First Century Books ( ...

*Philippines Campaign (1944-1945)

Chapter 11: Operations of the Eighth Army in the Central and Southern Philippines, pp. 358 Retrieved March 10, 2016 Hunt, Ray C ... involving more troops than the United States had used in North Africa, Italy, or southern France. Palawan Island, between ... and Army Air Forces Other Allies Australia Commonwealth of the Philippines Japanese Other Allies Second Philippine Republic ... American forces under Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz had advanced across the Central Pacific Ocean, capturing the Gilbert ...
... Buy Raspberry Ketones online in official website from Central African Republic with cheap price, Buy Raspberry Ketones capsules / tablets online in Central African Republic
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are MBaka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language. More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers. According to the 2017 ...
BANGUI, Central African Republic, 24 December 2013 - Officials in UNICEF Bangui today expressed extreme concern that recent waves of violence in the Central African Republic will cause a sharp increase in children suffering severe malnutrition, putting their lives and future health at risk.
Nicole Sabiko, a young mom of 23 with four children, stepped into the new year the same way as she began the year before, and the one before that. Being displaced. Together with her children, she has been finding refuge at one of the many displaced peoples camps in Bangui, the capital of conflict-ravaged Central African Republic. How is she surviving?
|strong|BANGUI, Central African Republic/DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 5 May 2017 - |/strong|Without increased support, the lives and futures of more than 1 million children in the Central African Republic are under threat, UNICEF said today.
Bangui, Central African Republic, June 25, 2007 - The insecurity that prevails in northwestern Central African Republic (CAR) is severely impacting civilian populations and the humanitarian workers assisting them, Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today.
The president of Central African Republic on Thursday urgently called on France and other foreign powers to help his government fend off rebels who are quickly seizing territory and approaching this capital city, but French officials declined to offer any military assistance. About 200 French soldiers are already in the country, providing technical support and helping to train the local army, according to the French defense ministry. Central African Republic, a landlocked nation of 4.4 million people, has suffered decades of army revolts, coups and rebellions since gaining independence in 1960 and remains one of the poorest countries in the world.
Central African Republic: Expansion of 2G/3G Coverage, Rising Mobile Data Adoption and Improvement in Broadband Connectivity to Fuel Telecom Growth is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. This report provides an executive-level overview of the telecommunications market in Central African Republic today, with detailed forecasts of key indicators up to 2021. Published annually, the report provides detailed analysis of the near-term opportunities, competitive dynamics and evolution of demand by service type and technology/platform across the fixed telephony, broadband and mobile sectors, as well as a review of key regulatory trends. ...
Nearly 1 million people have been displaced by ongoing violence in Central African Republic. Amidst growing chaos, WFP is on the ground delivering life-saving food assistance in communities such as Bossangoa, where 586 metric tons of food were recently distributed to nearly 40,000 people. To scale up its emergency response in the Central African Republic, WFP has appealed to the international community for an additional $107 million in aid.. ...
Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious clashes in their nation.Msgr. Cyriaque Gbate Doumalo, secretary-general of the nations Catholic bishops conference, told Catholic News Service on Dec. 11 that thou
Horrific footage has emerged of a cannibal eating the leg of a Muslim slaughtered by a rampaging Christian mob in the Central African Republic.. The victim was hauled from a bus, battered and then stabbed before being set on fire in the capital city Bangui, according to the BBC.. In the aftermath of the incident, one of his attackers Ouandja Magloire-who also calls himself Mad Dog-grabbed hold of his leg and then began to devour it.. Magloire told a BBC reporter that his action was revenge for the murders of his pregnant wife, his sister-in-law and her baby.. He claimed that Muslims were responsible and he was angry with them.. They broke down the door and cut my baby in half. I promised I would get my revenge, he said.. Mad Dog spotted his victim on a minibus and followed him after deciding he looked Muslim.. He gathered a crowd of about 20 Christian youths who forced the bus driver to stop and dragged him from the bus.. Without emotion he told the BBC: I poured petrol over him. I burned ...
The number of malnourished kids in one health centre in Bangui has doubled since last year, says Susan Shepherd, a paediatrician working for WFP in the Central African Republic. Its no surprise, she explains, in a situation where families have been uprooted by conflict. They have no work, no access to health care and getting food is increasingly hard. To combat the problem, WFP is putting highly nutritious food into family rations it is distributing here and elsewhere in the country.. ...
The occurrence of epileptic seizures during onchocercal infestation has been suspected. Epidemiologic studies are necessary to confirm the relation between onchocerciasis and epilepsy. A matched case-control study was conducted in dispensaries of three northwestern towns of the Central African Republic. Each epileptic case was matched against...
Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. Civilians are caught in the middle, and sometimes targeted, despite UN peacekeepers presence. The government struggles to maintain control of the capital, relying on peacekeepers for support. An estimated 461,000 people, mostly Muslims, are refugees in neighboring countries; 421,700 more are internally displaced. The new Special Criminal Court, a tribunal comprised of national and international staff and designed to promote accountability and stem the violence, requires financial and political support from the government and its international partners.
Witnesses say heavy gunfire has erupted in the capital of Central African Republic. The violent clashes come after several days of sectarian fighting that killed at least 36 people.
Summary:. This paper discusses key findings of the Fourth Review for the Central African Republic (CAR) under the three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Short-term fiscal policy of the CAR attempts to stabilize demand through government spending while preserving medium-term fiscal discipline. The revised program safeguards budgeted spending and incorporates new externally financed peace-process spending. Structural reforms are focused on areas critical to economic stability and the recovery of growth. IMF staff supports completion of the fourth review, augmentation of PRGF access, and program extension. ...
April 19, 2017 (KAMPALA) - The Ugandan army Wednesday has announced the end of pursuit operations in the Central African Republic (CAR) for the (...)
The Central African Republic (CAR) is if anything worse than a failed state: it has become virtually a phantom state, lacking any meaningful institutional capacity at least since the fall of Emperor Bokassa in 1979.
One of the worlds poorest countries, the Central African Republic has struggled under repeated political crisis which have resulted in conflict and instability. UNFPA is based in the country since 1972 and provides humanitarian support, including reproductive health supplies such as clean delivery kits, male and female contraceptives, and medical equipment.
The Central African Republic today finds itself in a state of chronic medical emergency, yet the commitment of the countrys government and of the international community is going in the wrong direction.
You don't have to venture far to see the misery caused by the latest crisis in the Central African Republic. On the edge of the airport in the capital
UIS: Total net attendance rate, lower secondary, richest quintile, gender parity index (GPI) in Central African Republic was reported at 0.85956 GPI in 2006, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.
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Retrospective Mortality Study Reveals Massive Levels of Death Due to Violence Against Muslims During Peak of Conflict in Central African Republic With Thousands Still Encircled in Enclaves, Chad Border Closed, and Massive Gaps in Aid for Central African Refugees, Crisis in Central African Republic Is Far from Over A retrospective mortality study conducted by the international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) among Central African refugees in Sido, Chad, reveals extreme levels of death during a violent crackdown against the Central African Republics (CAR) Muslim minority. The study found that one in three families surveyed had lost at least one family member between November 2013 and April 2014. The survey documented that 2,208 people died while still in CAR, of which 95 percent died from gunshot, machete, grenade, or other blast wounds. Between December 2013 and January 2014, several hundred thousand people fled abuse and violence in ...
INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 73 healthcare workers in two laboratories in Bangui, using self administered questionnaire and scale grid to get information on knowledge and practice of management biomedical waste (BMW). METHODS: Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 20). Fisher chi-square test was used to investigate whether distributions of categorical variables differ from one another. RESULTS: Findings from this study shows that; a gap in legal framework on BMW. Seventy percent of waste generated was infectious. Segregation and color coding was inappropriate. Only 29% of the services used safety boxes. Transport of biomedical waste is manual. About 64 % of respondents have not received training on BMW. 44 of 73 (60%) didn t know certain diseases related to poor waste management and transmission routes. The surface technicians had significantly better knowledge about tetanus vaccine than the medical-technical staff (χ2=4.976, P=0.047).They had also a
Malaria Research and Treatment is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to all aspects of malaria.
By Joanne Mariner, Senior Crisis Response Adviser at Amnesty International In Banguis Nguingo neighbourhood, up the Oubangui river from the city center, people are scared.
According to the Ministry of Public Health, at least two deaths have been reported leaving a number of other people quarantined. The health ministry says they have the situation under control; however, they call for vigilance. Ms. Margueritte Maliévo Samba said, "I call all the Central African population in general and that of the Prefecture of Mbomou especially for calm and strict respect for preventive measures that were to wash hands regularly, avoid any manipulation with sick or dead animals and secretions of infected person and objects.". This is the 3rd time monkeypox has been reported in CAR. Previously it was seen in Mbomou in 2001 and two years ago in Haute Kotto.. Monkeypox is a relatively rare disease caused by the virus with the same name, which is found primarily in central and western Africa.. It is closely related to the smallpox virus (variola), the virus used in the smallpox vaccine (vaccinia), and the cowpox virus.. Infection with monkeypox is not as serious as its cousin, ...
Posted on August 30, 2013. Original version by Ricardo Carrere - updated by the WRM in 2013. Oil palm is a traditional native crop for West and Central African communities, who are used to either plant them on their lands or to collect fruits, leaves or sap.... read more ...
BANGUI, Central African Republic, Mar 30 - In Banguis presidential palace, where Francois Bozize ruled the Central African Republic for 10 years, rebel Ge - Kenya breaking news | Kenya news today | Capitalfm.co.ke
Objective: The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of behavioral symptoms and associated factors in the elderly in the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo. Methods: An analysis of baseline data was performed from the EPIDEMCA (Epidemiology of Dementia in Central Africa) multicenter population-based study carried out in rural and urban areas of the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo between 2011 and 2012 in elderly aged 65 and over. Cognitive disorders were assessed in two phases. The first phase was cognitive screening using the Community Screening Interview in Dementia. Following cognitive screening, in the second phase, participants suspected of dementia underwent clinical assessment based on the abridged version of the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) which assesses 12 behavioral disorders in the elderly over the previous 30 days. Results: NPI data were available for 532 out of participants examined in the second phase of EPIDEMCA. Among the 532
With its 49,039,986 people, South Korea is the 26th largest country in the world by population. It is the 109th largest country in the world by area with 99,720 square kilometers. An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japans surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country ...
Two months later 86 elephants were reported killed in the course of a single week in south-western Chad on their migration to the Central African Republic and Cameroon. The poachers were armed with AK47s and used hacksaws to remove the tusks.. The latest incident to reach the ears of the worlds media in April 2013 has seen at least 26 elephants killed at Dzanga Bai, a clearing in the forest which acts as a wildlife viewing site in Dzanga-Ndoki National Park in the Central African Republic (CAR). The site is inscribed in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage List and is located near the borders with Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo.. Disaster fatigue is a real danger here. We cannot just shrug our shoulders and no longer be shocked by the human and environmental disasters unfolding before our very eyes.. A recent international conference organised by their Royal Highnesses Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Prince William, Duke of ...
Sickle Cell Anemia is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States, affecting 1 in 375 to 500 African Americans. Eight percent of African Americans are affected. Homozygous HbS disease occurs in 0.2% of African Americans, while heterozygous sickle cell trait occurs in 8%. Globally, a quarter of a million children are born every year with the disease. At least five haplotypes of sickle cell disease are recognized based upon their origin: Senegal, Cameron, Benin, Central African Republic, and India. Among these, patients from the Central African Republic have the most severe disease and those from Senegal the least severe. Other nationalities with sickle cell include Arabs, Greeks, Italians (mostly southern), and Latin Americans. ...
Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia. ...
Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia. ...
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
Summary Isolates of yellow fever (YF) virus from Africa (Senegambia, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso) and from South America (Panama, Ecuador, Trinidad) were examined by oligonucleotide fingerprinting of the 40S genome RNA. Geographically isolated and epidemiologically unrelated viruses were very distinct. On the basis of the T1 oligonucleotide fingerprints of each isolate, four geographical variants (topotypes) of YF virus isolated within the same period of time have been established. The Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso topotypes were similar. In the Central African Republic, two variants could be found exhibiting 70 to 75% homology to one another. In South America, the three analysed strains exhibited only about 70% homology, but could be classified in the same topotype. The oligonucleotide fingerprints of the genome RNA offered a useful tool for the understanding of YF virus variability.
Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data for access to electricity are collected among different sources: mostly data from nationally representative household surveys (including national censuses) were used. Survey sources include Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Living Standards Measurement Surveys (LSMS), Multi-Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), the World Health Survey (WHS), other nationally developed and implemented surveys, and various government agencies (for example, ministries of energy and utilities). Given the low frequency and the regional distribution of some surveys, a number of countries have gaps in available data. To develop the historical evolution and starting point of electrification rates, a simple modeling approach was adopted to fill in the missing data points - around 1990, around 2000, and around 2010. Therefore, a country can have a continuum of zero to three data points. There are 42 countries with zero data point and the weighted regional average was used as an ...
Main Article. The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
Art.78: Anyone who, using food, beverages, drugs, maneuvers, violence or by any other means, has attempted to procure or induce the abortion of a pregnant woman or a pregnant woman, whether she has consented to it or not, will be punished by imprisonment of one to five years and a fine of 200,000 to 2,000,000 francs. The imprisonment shall be five to ten years and a fine of 500,000 to 1,000,000 francs if it is established that the offender has habitually committed the acts referred to in the preceding paragraph. Physicians, health personnel, midwives, surgeons, dentists, pharmacists, as well as medical students, students or employees in pharmacies, herbalists, bandagists, surgical instrument dealers, nurses, nurses and masseuses who favoured or procured the means of practicing abortion shall be sentenced to the penalties provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article. The suspension for at least five years or the absolute incapacity of the exercise of their function shall be pronounced ...
In the light of the MIRA findings, the Revised Strategic Response Plan was launched on 19 January, outlining the humanitarian strategy for CAR in 2014. A substantial scaling up of operations is necessary in the short term to ensure the provision of protection and life-saving assistance to 1.9 million people. The Food Security Cluster is seeking USD 180 million to assist 1.25 million people ...
WASHINGTON - Millions of people were forced from their homes because of their religious beliefs last year, the U.S. government said Monday, citing the devastating impact of conflicts in Syria, Iraq and the Central African Republic.. Secretary of State John Kerry called the displacement of families and devastation of communities from sectarian violence a troubling trend in the world, as he launched the State Department 2013 report on religious freedom.. The report said that in much of the Middle East, the Christian presence is becoming "a shadow of its former self." Hundreds of thousands of minority Christians have fled Syria after three years of civil war.. It also highlighted more than one million people displaced in the Central African Republic during 2013, amid an upsurge in Christian-Muslim violence. In Southeast Asia, the spread of anti-Muslim violence spread from Myanmars volatile west to central Meikhtila, with up to 100 deaths and 12,000 displaced.. Kerry further cited the "savagery and ...
He is from Oxford University, United Kingdom. His international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for dive..
br /,because of poaching and diseases brought by illegal cattle transhumance. Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and Buffon kob (Kobus kob) populations showed the greatest decline (over 80% each), while buffalo (Syncerus caffer), roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) and Giant Lords Derby Eland (Taurotragus derbianus) populations seem stable or increasing over these last 20 years. The analysis of the wildlife population distribution by status of the different types of protected areas (national parks, hunting areas) showed that individual encounter rates of elephant and buffalo were lower in national parks than in neighbouring hunting areas, while those for roan, giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and Buffon kob were higher in the national parks ...
Summarizes the current knowledge and analysis of a countrys poverty situation, describes the existing poverty reduction strategy, and lays out the process for producing a fully developed PRSP in a participatory fashion.
As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important Americas voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. We cant do it without you-America Media relies on generous support from our readers. Please visit our membership page to learn how you can invest in our work by subscribing to the magazine or making a donation.. If youre already a subscriber or donor, thank you! If you login and register your print subscription number with your account, youll have unlimited access to the website. Please contact us at [email protected] with any questions. ...
Download Central African Republic Orange Blackberry MEP Unlock Code, Central African Republic Other Blackberry MEP Unlock Code, Dividing the Isthmus: Central American Transnational Histories, Literatures, and Cultures - Ana Patricia Rodr guez, The Banana Men: American Mercenaries and Entrepreneurs in Central America, 1880-1930 - , Thomas D. Schoonover, ...
Information from: J. P. Digoutte, Institut Pasteur, B.P. 304, Cayenne, French Guiana, 30 May 1975. Antigenic group: Ungrouped. Original source: Isolated by J. P. Digoutte and M. Germain at Institut Pasteur, Bangui, from pool of female Culex guiarti mosquitoes collected on 26 April 1972 by use of human bait at Bangui, Central African Republic, Let. 4°22'N, Long. 18°35'E. Habitat: Park of the Institut Pasteur in the town of Bangui. Storage: Stored in electrical deep freezer at -75°C. Method of isolation in laboratory: Mosquitoes ground in Earle's balanced salt solution containing bovine albumin and antibiotics. Validity of isolation: Reisolation not tried but first virus of this type in the laboratory. Properties of virus: Physical: Virus filterable through Millipore 220 nm. Chemical: No data. Resistance to chemicals: Sensitive to chloroform; control titer 105.5 after-treatment titer <102.0. Antigenic: Hemagglutinin detected in test with infected suckling mouse brains extracted with
Series: KGPPPGCFA156NUPN, %, Annual, NSA, 2010-01-01, GeoFRED: Map, visualize, and download economic data. Tags: annual, central african republic, consumption, gdp, government, nation, nsa, per capita, ppp, public domain: citation requested, pwt, real, upenn.
Sub-region an epicentre of recurrent outbreaks and high burden of infectious diseases Libreville, 02 August 2017- Central African countries meeting last week on Thursday and Friday operationalised the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Preventions (Africa CDC) Regional Collaborating Centre (RCC). The centre will coordinate the efforts of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sao Tomé and Principe and Chad to jointly strengthen surveillance, emergency response and prevention of infectious and non-communicable diseases. The Central Africa sub-region has witnessed several disease outbreaks including Ebola, Cholera and Hepatitis in addition to a high burden of malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, vaccine-preventable diseases and neglected tropical diseases.. "The recent African Heads of State and Government Declaration, committing to accelerate the implementation of International Health Regulations, demonstrate the resolve of African ...
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Republic of the Congo:. Republic of the Congo - also known as Congo-Brazzaville or the Congo, is a sovereign country located in Central Africa.[1] It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Angolan exclave province of Cabinda, and the Gulf of Guinea.. The republic is a former French colony. Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. After a quarter century of Marxism, Congo became a multi-party democracy in 1992. However, a brief civil war in 1997 ended in the restoration of former Marxist President Denis Sassou Nguesso to power.. ...
Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Còte dIvoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo. Programme. There are increasing efforts in Western and Central Africa to link the WCPA network with the activities of the IUCN regional office. There are a number of protected area projects managed by regional and country offices in West & Central Africa and there is a need to better integrate the activities of WCPA with the implementation of those projects. Key Issues. African nations have created over 2 million sq km of protected areas. This massive size - four times the size of Spain - reflects both the vast size of Africa and a high level of commitment by African nations to the principles of conservation and sustainable development. African protected areas are the principal ...
Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan The Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Costa Rica Ivory Coast Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon The Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See Honduras Hong Kong Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia ...
Submission is open to all countries- Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan The Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Costa Rica Ivory Coast Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon The Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See Honduras Hong Kong Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein ...
Central Africas largest and most populous country, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), is bordered by nine countries: the Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Angola. With the exception of Zambia and Tanzania, none can claim to be a consolidated competitive democracy. But most have at least managed to hold presidential elections within the last two years. In contrast, with this months postponement of the scheduled election fo
As from 1 October 2011, the authorities will require a yellow fever certificate from all travellers arriving in South Africa, or transiting through the country, coming from Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte dIvoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda and Zambia. This includes transiting passengers regardless of the time spent at the airport. Travellers to South Africa who will transit through or visit other African countries en route should be aware of the yellow fever vaccine recommendations/requirements of individual countries before travel and should discuss their yellow fever vaccination requirements with a healthcare professional prior to departure.. ...
CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote dIvoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per ...
Worried Cameroonians and others with relatives on board were making frantic calls to the Crisis Management Center set up by Kenya Airways. It was reported that there were at least 35 Cameroonians on board in addition to nationals from 24 other nations, including Britain (5), Kenya (9), China (6), India (15), South Africa (7), Nigeria (6) Niger (3,) Democratic Republic of the Congo (2), Central African Republic (2) and Equatorial Guinea (2). One passenger each came from Ghana, Sweden, Togo, Mali, Switzerland, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Comoros and the United States ...
HIV prevalence from population-based surveys in countries in West and Central Africa, 2003-2006 Mali Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Cote dIvoire Democratic Republic of Congo Guinea Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Niger Gambia Guinea-Bissau Equatorial Guinea Gabon Congo Ghana Benin Liberia Adult HIV prevalence % 6.0 - 8.0% 4.0 - <6.0% 2.0 - <4.0% 0 - <2.0% No available data 7 Sources: Various surveys and reports.
The Lords Resistance Army (LRA) continues to pose a regional threat for civilians, children and women, particularly in the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. While no longer present in Uganda, the Ugandan Armed Forces (UPDF) are actively pursuing the LRA within the sub-region, as part of a regional African Union military force. This forms part of a broader Regional Strategy on the LRA of the African Union and the United Nations (led by the UN Office for Central Africa (UNOCA)) developed in the Spring, 2012. In addition, some Ugandan children and women remain associated with the LRA, who are at times able to escape, are captured or otherwise left behind; these survivors are in need of support to return to Uganda and reintegrate within Ugandan society ...
Angola; Benin; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte dIvoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sierra Leone; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Burkina ...
A renewed effort by African Union troops to fight the Lord Resistance Army in four countries has improved the lives of many civilians once terrorized by the rebels. But the thousands of people who once lived in constant fear, say that feeling never goes away. Marthe van der Wolf visits villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, and South Sudan and reports for VOA.
Leprosy remains a public health problem in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Madagascar, Brazil, Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Mozambique and the United Republic of Tanzania (3).. No cases of leprosy was reported from Europe, North America, central and north Asia and Australia on the beginning of y. 2007 (4).. Leprosy is supposedly (not certainly) transmitted through nasal or mouth droplets or skin to skin contact. Many infected patients are not contagious at all. Most of healthy persons have natural immunity against leprosy and will never develop a disease (2). Both children and adults may be affected. Leprosy is not a genetic disease. Isolation of patients with leprosy is not necessary. Travelers are at no realistic risk to contract leprosy during visiting affected countries.. Leprosy can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Leprosy is rarely deadly even if untreated.. Related Articles:. ...
Illicit trafficking ofdiamonds from Central African Republic into neighboring Cameroonis helping finance the continuation of a nearly three-yearconflict, an expert panel that monitors U.N. sanctions said in aconfidential report.
Founder and President of Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS) and the African Union Commission (AUC) Chairpersons Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security. It is now seventeen years since the adoption of the landmark United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, that put women at the forefront of the global peace and security agenda. Yet women and girls continue to suffer the brunt of violence in conflict-affected countries in Africa. The abduction of more than 200 girls by Boko Haram from Chibok in Nigeria was perhaps the most telling illustration of how violence is unleashed on women and girls in times of conflict. But the truth is, violence against women continues unabated in countries like Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.. Deeply concerned with this continued scourge, the same year as the Chibok girls were abducted, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission appointed me as Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security. I was given ...
By Emma BathaLONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - With millions of people on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe and children facing unspeakable violence, the Democratic Republic of Congo was the most neglected crisis in 2017, according to a survey of aid agencies.Overshadowed by the Syrian war and Rohingya refugee exodus from Myanmar, Congo barely made headlines despite horrific violence that has erupted in the center of the vast country, they said.The Central African Republic, with its off the charts vulnerability, and Yemen - ravaged by war and hunger - ranked behind Congo in the Thomson Reuters Foundation poll of 20 leading aid organizations.A massive humanitarian crisis has been unfolding in the Congo almost unnoticed, said Mark Smith, World Visions emergencies chief.The scale and brutality of what is happening to children in hard to reach places is almost unimaginable.An insurrection against the government in the Greater Kasai region has displaced more than 1 million people in what the
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote dIvoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia and ...
This species occurs in southwestern and southern Cameroon, south to northeastern Gabon (at Mpassa) east to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and southwestern Uganda. It is also recorded from the island Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) (R.C. Drewes pers. comm.). There do not appear to be records from Central African Republic, Congo, though it presumably occurs in these countries and they are included on the species distribution on the map. It is also likely to occur in Rwanda and Equatorial Guinea (mainland ...
Campephaga oriolina is known from the equatorial forests of south Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo (Dowsett-Lemaire 1997), south-west Central African Republic, east and north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo but from a very few sightings throughout this range. A sighting in 1988 from Nigeria is now considered confirmed (though made before it was split from Western Wattled Cuckoo-shrike C. lobata) (Ash et al. 1989, Butchart 2007). Despite its potentially wide range, the species is undoubtedly very rare, but the reasons for this are unclear (F. Dowsett-Lemaire in litt. 1997). ...
African elites, desperate for western aid and approval, frequently pander to international media: every drought, disease outbreak or conflict makes for good prime time TV and major newspaper headlines. What these leaders fail to recognise is that the media frenzy is often a double-edged sword.. Indeed the idea of Africa as an ungovernable space and a "white mans burden" is the understanding one gets from Jon Andersons recent article, published in the New Yorker, about the conflict in Central African Republic (CAR). It reads like a scene in a zombie fiction movie, except that it is not.. "In the central market, women sell smoked bat and monkey, alongside pirated films from Nigeria and plastic jugs of locally distilled gin…One man posed for news cameras with the half-cooked leg of a Muslim man he had murdered, and took ravenous bites out of it…On one wall, near where the Empress Catherine had once slept, a soldier had drawn a scorpion in charcoal…Since 1960, France had sent its military ...
Significant changes to the European Unions Generalized System of Preferences programs for developing countries will take effect Jan. 1, 2014. Under the new GSP, which was announced in October 2012, benefits will be limited to those countries most in need and more support will be provided to those that are serious about implementing international conventions on human rights, labor rights, the environment and good governance.. GSP. The number of GSP beneficiaries is being reduced from 176 to 90, with benefits remaining for the following.. 49 least-developed countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burma (effective Jan. 1, 2014), Burundi, Benin, Cambodia, Chad, Central African Republic, Comoros Islands, Congo (Democratic Republic of), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Liberia, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra ...
St. Petersburg, Russia, 2 July, 2012 (IUCN) - Sangha Trinational - shared between Cameroon, the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo; La...
Cattle meat production reached 95.4 kt in 2014 in Cameroon, according to Faostat. This is 3.5 % more than in the previous year. Historically, cattle meat production in Cameroon reached an all time high of 110 kt in 2008 and an all time low of 19.9 kt in 1964. When compared to Cameroons main peers, cattle meat production in Central African Republic amounted to 96.1 kt, 98.9 kt in Chad, 1.17 kt in Gabon and 381 kt in Nigeria in 2014. Cameroon has been ranked 77th within the group of 177 countries we follow in terms of cattle meat production, 7 places behind the position seen 10 years ago. ...
Zimbabwe, once known as Africas breadbasket, has faced recurrent food shortages since 2001. CAP 2012 - List of Countries Foreword Afghanistan Central African Republic Chad Cote dIvoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Haiti Kenya Liberia Niger Philippines Somalia South Sudan Sudan West Bank and Gaza Strip Yemen Zimbabwe Erratic ...leer más ...
NAIROBI, Kenya - Ten African countries have halved their poverty rates over the last two decades, but child mortality rates have increased in six sub-Saharan nations, a report on the U.N.s Millennium Development Goals released Tuesday found.. The countries that halved their poverty rates since 1990 include relatively populous countries such as Ethiopia and Egypt and post-conflict countries such as Angola, the report said. However, in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, the proportion of the population living in extreme poverty has risen.. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region in the world registering an increase in the under age 5 mortality rate, which has risen in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Kenya and Zambia. Thirty-four of the worlds 36 countries with child mortality rates above 100 per 1,000 births are in sub-Saharan Africa. The others are Afghanistan and Myanmar.. The Millennium Development Goals Report Card, which was sponsored in part by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, was ...
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Of the 264 studies identified through the database search, 15 were determined to be eligible, and of these five were included.(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) All included studies were published between 2006 and 2009 and were conducted in Uganda, South Africa, Mozambique, and Botswana. One study analyzed data from 16 countires within sub-Saharan Africa (those already included as well as Burundi, Central African Republic, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. All studies were cost-effectiveness analyses, and the primary outcomes were cost per case of HIV infection averted and compared adult male circumcision to no circumcision. The studies were epidemiologic, stochiastic, and costing models. Four studies included a 3% discount rate and one study did not report discounting. The time frames ranged from 10 to 20 years. ...
The UN Commission on Status of Women, Session 57, debated inclusion of child marriage in agreement on eliminating violence against women, as Malawi seeks to raise its legal age of marriage from 15 to 18. More than 140 million girls will become child brides by 2020 if current rates of early marriage continue, according to the UN.. Of that number of girls aged under 18, 50 million will be younger than 15, says the UN Population Fund, which co-hosted a panel on child marriage at the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) on Thursday.. Although rates of child marriage vary between and within countries, most take place in rural sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia.. In south Asia, nearly half of young women are married by their 18th birthday. In sub-Saharan Africa the figure is more than one-third.. Nine of the 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are in Africa. Niger has the highest rate, at 75%, followed by Chad and Central African Republic at 68%, Guinea at 63%, Mozambique at 56%, ...
A suspected group of armed rebels from the Central African Republic have killed three people in a village in Cameroon and have kidnapped seven others, the latest in a spate of cross-border attacks.
Comparison of diagnostic methods for Plasmodium spp. in humans from Uganda and the Central African Republic showed that parasites can be efficiently detected by PCR in fecal samples. These results, which rely solely on PCR-based examination of feces, validate numerous estimates of the prevalence of malaria in great apes ...
By Misha HussainGOUDEBOU, Burkina Faso, March 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - T he United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) counted up to three times the actual number of people fleeing conflict in Mali, data from camps in neighboring West African nations has shown, raising questions about wastage of donor funds.At camps in Burkina Faso, the initial registration completed in May 2012 suggested that 107,000 Malians had fled an offensive that year by Islamist rebels and their Tuareg separatist allies.However, this months final registration phase, including finger printing and biometric operations like iris scans, came up with only 34,000, according to UNHCR data.With a wave of major refugee crises in Africa from South Sudan to Central African Republic, estimated figures are crucial for donors to allocate funding to the humanitarian response.However, the Mali data suggest such initial estimates, for which officials count the head of the household and accept his declaration on number of dependents, are
2010-present - Yemen. 2011 - Libya: Operation Odyssey Dawn, United States and coalition enforcing U.N. Security Council Resolution 1973 with bombings of Libyan forces.. 2011 - Somalia: Drone strikes on suspected "terrorists". This marks the 6th nation in which such strikes have been carried out, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Yemen and Libya.. 2011-present - Uganda. 2011 - Pakistan - CIA COINTELPRO spin doctors disinformation psyop campaign begins with the reported "killing of Osama Bin Ladin", who actually died of Marfun Syndrome in late 2001, or early 2002 at the latest.. 2012 - Jordan: 150 U.S. troops deployed to Jordan to help it contain the Syrian Civil War within Syrias borders.. 2012 - Turkey: 400 troops and two batteries of Patriot missiles sent to Turkey to prevent any missile strikes from Syria.. 2012 - Chad: 50 U.S. troops have deployed to the African country of Chad to help evacuate U.S. citizens and embassy personnel from the neighboring Central African Republics capital ...
New York, July 17: An increasing number of children are receiving life-saving vaccinations around the world, according to the latest data released by two United Nations agencies.. In a press release issued earlier today, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF) confirmed that the number of countries reaching and sustaining 90 per cent vaccination coverage for their children with the required three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis containing vaccines (DTP3) had doubled since 2000.. In 2000, 21 million children did not receive even a first dose of DTP, a figure that has now dropped to 12 million, the WHO and UNICEF said.. Although the numbers point to an astounding success in combatting childhood disease worldwide, the UN agencies warned that many nations still lagged in their goal to reach the six WHO-sanctioned Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) targets. Among them, the Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Somalia, South Sudan and the Syrian Arab ...
Bas-Uele borders Central African Republic and is pretty close to South Sudan. Does that mean this outbreak will cross borders, too?. First, congratulations on knowing your African geography. Thats not exactly a strong suit among many people, and that led to some truly baffling responses to the last outbreak-like the Brazilian government cancelling a visit to Namibia in 2014 because of Ebola. (For the record, the distance between Windhoek and Conakry is about the same as the distance is about the same as the distance between New York and Dublin.). More importantly, the outbreak is happening in an area of the province that is difficult to access. That could make it difficult to get additional supplies to the region, but it also makes it far less likely that the disease will spread far.. But this is the DRC. Are they equipped to handle something like this?. Probably better than anyone else. The DRC has experienced Ebola before. The disease was first identified in the DRC-back when it was still ...
View Sudan Fast Facts at CNN to learn about the North African country near Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea.
A range of diseases afflicts the populace of Chad. In 1983 infectious and parasitic diseases were the most prevalent ailments, followed by respiratory afflictions and nervous disorders. In 1988 a severe epidemic of meningitis affected NDjamena, in particular. By 1987 only one case of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) had been reported to the World Health Organization; however, it was likely that incidence of the disease was many times higher, especially in the southern areas near Cameroon and Central African Republic. In the early 1960s, the government made a substantial effort to extend the countrys limited health infrastructure. Despite the ensuing civil conflict, the government has attempted to maintain and expand health services. Foreign assistance has allowed the construction of new buildings and the renovation of existing facilities, as well as the laying of groundwork for training health care professionals. By the early 1980s, health facilities included five hospitals (at ...
Even with the massive scale up of national nutrition- focused programmes in India, drought and structural deficiencies have left large number of poor in India at risk of malnourishment in 2017", said P K Joshi, IFPRI Director for South Asia.. The Global Hunger Index has been ranking countries since based on four key indicators - undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting. Further, Indias child wasting rate has not substantially improved over the past 25 years, said the comprehensive report.. However, the country has made slight progress in other areas. The report notes that the child stunting rate has gone down over the year, from 61.9% in 1992 to 38.4% this year.. The Central African Republic has the highest GHI score (50.9).. The report ranked 119 countries in the developing world this year, 52 of which were rated as having "extremely alarming, "alarming" or serious" hunger levels. Only 43 countries have scores in the low range.. The report ranked 119 countries in ...
System Dynamics Modeling of Impacts of Central African Republic Refugees in Eastern Region of Cameroon, Paper presented at 33rd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Cambridge, MA, 19-23 July 2015 [text ...
Prof. Andrei D. Mihalca, DVM, graduated from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Cluj-Napoca Romania, in 2002 and in 2007 he obtained his Ph.D. degree in Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases at the same institution. Currently he is affiliated to the Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases at the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Since 2014, he is Diplomate of the European College of Zoological Medicine. His main research interests include ecology of vectors and vector-borne diseases, wildlife diseases, tropical parasitology and conservation medicine. He coordinated various research projects on vector-borne diseases, including the pan-European EurNegVec COST Action. He is actively involved in research and social veterinary medicine projects focused on parasitic and infectious diseases of small animals (dogs and cats) across sub-Saharan Africa with previous work done in Kenya, Uganda, Ivory Coast, Central African Republic and Liberia. ...
The United Nations refugee agency today hailed a new law approved in the Central African Republic (CAR) guaranteeing refugees protection and other fundamental rights.
Devex: In Rohingya camps, monsoon threatens hard-won WASH progress (Rogers, 5/15).. Devex: Questions raised over private sector accountability on safeguarding (Anders, 5/15).. The Guardian: Sudan urged to pardon teenager facing death for killing husband who raped her (Beaumont, 5/14).. NPR: Whats Behind The Alarming Spike In HIV Infections In Panama? (McCleland, 5/14).. Reuters: Kenyan doctors angered by move to hire Cuban doctors (Ndiso, 5/14).. SciDev.Net: Listeriosis in South Africa could impact HIV control (Chopera, 5/14).. Scientific American: How Climate Change Is Making It Harder to Predict Outbreaks (Parshley, May 2018).. Scientific American: Is Malarias Peculiar Odor the Key to Its Conquest? (Conniff, 5/14).. The Telegraph: Is this the face of Disease X? The deadly pathogens which could cause the next global pandemic (Crilly, 5/14).. U.N. News: Never forget children, UNICEF warns of escalating violence in Central African Republic (5/14).. U.N. News: Preventive action could save ...
War between religious-based militias in Central African Republic is ravaging the nation. National Geographic writer Peter Gwin and photographer Marcus Bleasdale journey to the region to understand the cause of the conflict and what might be done to stop it.The National Geographic Live series brings thought-provoking presentations by todays leading explorers, scientists, photographers, and performing artists right to you. Each presentation is filmed in front of a live audience at National Geographic headquarters in Washington, D.C. New clips air every Monday.Upcoming Events at National Geographic Live!
The last two decades have, therefore, seen a reversal of the previous secular trends: inequality between countries has begun to fall, (aggregated) inequality within countries rose, and the combined effect was a small decline in total global inequality (which remains at very high levels). It is important to note that the decline in inequality between countries is driven, to a considerable extent, by growth in China and India, which jointly account for one-third of the worlds population.. There are huge inequalities in other important dimensions too, like health status and educational attainment, both within and across countries. Whereas life expectancy at birth (LEB) is 79 for men and 86 for women in Japan, it is 40 for both genders in the Central African Republic. Between 1960 and 1990, international inequality in LEB fell consistently, reflecting both economic growth and progress in public health and sanitation. Between 1990 and 2000, however, inequality in life expectancies increased again, ...
The last two decades have, therefore, seen a reversal of the previous secular trends: inequality between countries has begun to fall, (aggregated) inequality within countries rose, and the combined effect was a small decline in total global inequality (which remains at very high levels). It is important to note that the decline in inequality between countries is driven, to a considerable extent, by growth in China and India, which jointly account for one-third of the worlds population.. There are huge inequalities in other important dimensions too, like health status and educational attainment, both within and across countries. Whereas life expectancy at birth (LEB) is 79 for men and 86 for women in Japan, it is 40 for both genders in the Central African Republic. Between 1960 and 1990, international inequality in LEB fell consistently, reflecting both economic growth and progress in public health and sanitation. Between 1990 and 2000, however, inequality in life expectancies increased again, ...
To end the hideous civil war in the Central African Republic, sanctions against leaders may help, but we also have to stop the trade in gems and ivory thats funding the warlords.
For asthma, the biggest disease burdens were found in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Fiji, Kiribati, Lesotho, Papula New Guinea and Swaziland. High-income Asian nations were least affected by COPD, along with countries in central Europe, north Africa, the Middle East and western Europe. Central and eastern Europe, along with China, Japan and Italy, had among the lowest rates of asthma.. ...
Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry and mining, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with about 60% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of estimated GDP, although statistics are unreliable in the conflict-prone country. Timber and diamonds account for most export earnings, followed by cotton. Important constraints to economic development include the CARs landlocked geography, poor transportation system, largely unskilled work force, and legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Distribution of income is highly unequal and grants from the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs. CAR shares a common currency with the Central African Monetary Union. The currency is pegged to the Euro.. Since 2009, the IMF has worked closely with the government to institute ...
The mobile country code resource guide gives you the Grenada and Carriacuou mobile code and shows you how to call a Grenada and Carriacuou cell phone from Central African Republic.
Cheetahs are the worlds fastest land mammals but central African cheetahs are classified as vulnerable with less than 2,000 in the wild. Wild Place Project is one of only a handful of attractions in the UK to keep the central African cheetah. ...
The western lowland gorilla is the most numerous and widespread of all gorilla subspecies. But their populations are being threatened by poaching and disease. Learn more about what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help.
The expansion of Bantu languages, which started around 5,000 years before present (YBP) in west/central Africa and spread all throughout sub-Saharan Africa, may represent one of the major and most rapid demographic movements in the history of the human species. Although the genetic footprints of this expansion have been unmasked through the analyses of the maternally-inherited mitochondrial (mtDNA) lineages, information on the genetic impact of this massive movement and on the genetic composition of pre-Bantu populations is still scarce. Here we analyze an extensive collection of Y-chromosome markers - 41 SNPs and 18 STRs - in 883 individuals from 22 Bantu-speaking agriculturalist populations and 3 Pygmy hunter-gatherer populations from Gabon and Cameroon. Our data reveal a recent origin for most paternal lineages in west Central African populations most likely resulting from the expansion of Bantu-speaking farmers that erased the more ancient Y-chromosome diversity found in this area. However, ...
The objective of this project is to determine clinical and biological predictors of Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) occurrence in HIV infected patients who are started on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and to obtain more insight into the pathogenesis of this syndrome. The investigators will prospectively study HIV infected patients in Sub Saharan Africa who will be initiated on ART and are at risk to develop IRIS in all its different appearances. In these patients, the investigators will assess the value of clinical features and plasma biomarkers to predict IRIS, and the investigators will obtain insight into which inflammatory pathways become activated during IRIS. This project will provide novel knowledge about this clinically highly relevant healthcare problem in a resource poor setting, namely in Lambaréné, Gabon, in the Central African rainforest belt. In Gabon little research has been done in the field of HIV. The epidemiological pattern of IRIS in Gabon will be ...
Liver enzyme elevation is an important and common adverse effect among patients with immune-mediated diseases who receive tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (anti-TNF), and has various causes. Hence, we evaluated the relative risks of developing liver enzyme elevation in anti-TNF users with differing hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status. At a hospital in central Taiwan, 407 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis received anti-TNF therapy between 1 January 2004 and 30 June 2012. We performed a nested case-control study (n = 368) of cases with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) | 40 international units/L ≤ 12 months after starting anti-TNF therapy, and corresponding controls without liver enzyme elevation. Conditional logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between liver enzyme elevation and HBV serostatus, as well as other risk factors. Thirty cases were compared to 338 controls. After adjustment for potential confounders, HBV
ACT AET AGT ART AST Africa/Abidjan Africa/Accra Africa/Addis_Ababa Africa/Algiers Africa/Asmara Africa/Asmera Africa/Bamako Africa/Bangui Africa/Banjul Africa/Bissau Africa/Blantyre Africa/Brazzaville Africa/Bujumbura Africa/Cairo Africa/Casablanca Africa/Ceuta Africa/Conakry Africa/Dakar Africa/Dar_es_Salaam Africa/Djibouti Africa/Douala Africa/El_Aaiun Africa/Freetown Africa/Gaborone Africa/Harare Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Kampala Africa/Khartoum Africa/Kigali Africa/Kinshasa Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville Africa/Lome Africa/Luanda Africa/Lubumbashi Africa/Lusaka Africa/Malabo Africa/Maputo Africa/Maseru Africa/Mbabane Africa/Mogadishu Africa/Monrovia Africa/Nairobi Africa/Ndjamena Africa/Niamey Africa/Nouakchott Africa/Ouagadougou Africa/Porto-Novo Africa/Sao_Tome Africa/Timbuktu Africa/Tripoli Africa/Tunis Africa/Windhoek America/Adak America/Anchorage America/Anguilla America/Antigua America/Araguaina America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires America/Argentina/Catamarca ...
Background: In 2006, Nigeria reported Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in poultry. In 2007, the first human case was detected linked to poultry from a Live Bird Market (LBM). The West and Central African Regional Laboratory for Avian Influenza in Nigeria is responsible for investigating specimens from birds meeting the case definition of HPAI (passive surveillance) and for specimens collected routinely from LBMs and high risk areas (active HPAI surveillance). We evaluated the laboratory component of the surveillance systems to determine whether it meets their objectives of early detection and response.. Methods: We used CDCs updated guidelines for evaluating public health surveillance systems, conducted six key informant interviews, reviewed laboratory reports and analyzed HPAI surveillance data from 2006-2009.. Results: The active system employed a simple case definition with timely submission of specimens. Laboratory results were available within 48 hours for positive cases. The ...
In collaboration with teams from the Czech Republic and Japan, researchers from the Institut Pasteur, (AP-HP), and (AP-HM) have identified the likely origin of the cross-reactivity between cypress pollen, peaches and citrus fruits. Their work has shown that these sources contain allergens belonging to a new family of proteins involved in pollen food associated syndrome. This discovery, published in JACI on Aug. 3, paves the way for the development of novel allergy diagnostic tests.

Central African Republic | World | Africa | Human Rights WatchCentral African Republic | World | Africa | Human Rights Watch

... particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. ... Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, ... The UN Shouldnt Fail the Central African Republic. Lewis Mudge ... Explore Africa. Central African Republic. Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between ... THE UNRAVELLING: The Central African Republic Crisis. The Unravelling: Journey Through The Central African Republic Crisis ...
more infohttps://www.hrw.org/africa/central-african-republic

Central African Republic | WRM in EnglishCentral African Republic | WRM in English

Blood Timber: How Europe played a significant role in funding war in Central African Republic ... Oil palm is a traditional native crop for West and Central African communities, who are used to either plant them on their ... Under the radar: A brief summary of the situation of environmental defenders in Central Africa. Posted on July 15, 2016 ... This report aims to draw attention to violations and threats that environmental justice defenders in Central Africa are facing ...
more infohttp://wrm.org.uy/browse-by-country/africa/central-african-republic/

Central African Republic -- Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Interim VersionCentral African Republic -- Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Interim Version

Central African Republic and the IMF. Send your comments on PRSPs and IPRSPs to [email protected] See also: Poverty Reduction ... Central African Republic. Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Interim Version. December 13, 2000 ...
more infohttps://www.imf.org/external/NP/prsp/2000/caf/01/INDEX.HTM

Seeds of Conflict in Central African Republic | America MagazineSeeds of Conflict in Central African Republic | America Magazine

... northwestern Central African Republic. When brutal sectarian violence erupted in the country in 2013, Father Kinvi saved the ... "his unwavering courage and dedication to protecting civilians in the Central African Republic." ... Pope Francis visits Africa Nov. 25 - 28. Camillian Father Bernard Kinvi directs the hospital at the Catholic mission in ... How Our Lady of Altagracia became the (unofficial) patroness of the Dominican Republic ...
more infohttps://www.americamagazine.org/media/podcasts/seeds-conflict-central-african-republic

Central African Republic capital rocked by overnight clashes | News24Central African Republic capital rocked by overnight clashes | News24

Witnesses say heavy gunfire has erupted in the capital of Central African Republic. The violent clashes come after several days ... Read more on: un , central african republic , central africa Join the conversation!. 24.com encourages commentary submitted via ... Central African Republic erupted into sectarian violence in late 2013. The fighting in recent days is the worst the country has ... Central African Republic capital rocked by overnight clashes. 2015-09-28 16:56 ...
more infohttps://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Central-African-Republic-capital-rocked-by-overnight-clashes-20150928-4

UNFPA Central African Republic | UNFPA - United Nations Population FundUNFPA Central African Republic | UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund

... the Central African Republic has struggled under repeated political crisis which have resulted in conflict and instability. ... UNFPA Central African Republic. One of the worlds poorest countries, the Central African Republic has struggled under repeated ... Key results of Central African Republic in 2018. Youth participation in humanitarian response. During a humanitarian crisis, ... Central African Republic 2018 Programme Activities data Integrated sexual and reproductive health services ...
more infohttps://www.unfpa.org/fr/data/transparency-portal/unfpa-central-african-republic

Central African Republic | Page 4 | Western African Aquatic MammalsCentral African Republic | Page 4 | Western African Aquatic Mammals

African Spoonbill Aves Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae - / 1994 Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle Aves Accipitriformes Accipitridae - / ... Western African Aquatic Mammals. Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of ...
more infohttps://www.cms.int/aquatic-mammals/fr/country/central-african-republic?page=3

Central African Republic | Page 3 | Western African Aquatic MammalsCentral African Republic | Page 3 | Western African Aquatic Mammals

Western African Aquatic Mammals. Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of ...
more infohttps://www.cms.int/aquatic-mammals/fr/country/central-african-republic?page=2

Central African Republic - Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population)Central African Republic - Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population)

Home , Countries , Central African Republic , Environment , Energy production & use. Central African Republic - Access to ... Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population) in Central African Republic was 3.10 as of 2014. Its highest value over ...
more infohttps://www.indexmundi.com/facts/central-african-republic/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.RU.ZS

Crisis in Central African Republic: Violence continues in capital Bangui | America MagazineCrisis in Central African Republic: Violence continues in capital Bangui | America Magazine

Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious ... Catholics make up around a third of the 4.4 million inhabitants of the Central African Republic, one of the worlds poorest ... Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious ... "We condemn every attempt at political recovery which aims at antagonizing Central Africans and setting them against each other ...
more infohttps://www.americamagazine.org/issue/crisis-central-african-republic

Pattern of the Antimalarials Prescription during Pregnancy in Bangui, Central African RepublicPattern of the Antimalarials Prescription during Pregnancy in Bangui, Central African Republic

1Institut Pasteur of Bangui, Epidemiology Service, P.O. Box 923, Pasteur Avenue, Bangui, Central African Republic. 2Centre de ... Pattern of the Antimalarials Prescription during Pregnancy in Bangui, Central African Republic. Alexandre Manirakiza,1,2 ... Central African Republic," Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol. 2010, Article ID 510834, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google ... Central African Republic. 5Ministère de la Santé, de la Population et de Lutte Contre le VIH-SIDA, Health Centre of Castors, ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/mrt/2011/414510/

U.N. Ambassador Laments Misery In Central African Republic | KUNMU.N. Ambassador Laments Misery In Central African Republic | KUNM

You dont have to venture far to see the misery caused by the latest crisis in the Central African Republic. On the edge of the ... U.N. Ambassador Laments Misery In Central African Republic By Michele Kelemen • Dec 20, 2013 ... Her trip has focused on Central African Republic - a country that has descended into sectarian violence since a coup in March. ... You dont have to venture far to see the misery caused by the latest crisis in the Central African Republic. ...
more infohttp://kunm.org/post/power-laments-tyranny-mob-central-african-republic

envoyer article: Uganda ends anti-LRA military operation in Central African Republicenvoyer article: Uganda ends anti-LRA military operation in Central African Republic

The Ugandan army Wednesday has announced the end of pursuit operations in the Central African Republic (CAR) for the (...) ... envoyer Uganda ends anti-LRA military operation in Central African Republic par courriel ...
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  • Bangui - Witnesses say heavy gunfire erupted overnight in the capital of Central African Republic. (news24.com)
  • BANGUI, Central African Republic, 5 October 2011 ― UNICEF is taking part in an emergency response to an outbreak of cholera in two prefectures which has so far killed 14 people. (unicef.org)
  • Although the origin of the disease has not been officially identified, it has mainly struck Central African villages along the banks of the Ubangui River some 80 kilometres to the south of the capital, Bangui. (unicef.org)
  • Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. (hrw.org)
  • We condemn every attempt at political recovery which aims at antagonizing Central Africans and setting them against each other under the pretext of religious affiliations," the archbishop said in the message, co-signed by Bishop Nestor Nongo Aziagbia of Bossangoa, the conference's vice president. (americamagazine.org)
  • On Nov. 18, Human Rights Watch awarded Father Bernard Kinvi its Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism because of "his unwavering courage and dedication to protecting civilians in the Central African Republic. (americamagazine.org)
  • Father Jose Maria Saba, treasurer of the Salesian province of Equatorial Tropical Africa, wrote confreres in the United States and expressed concern that there was no one to protect the people at the two centers. (americamagazine.org)
  • Camillian Father Bernard Kinvi directs the hospital at the Catholic mission in Bossemptele , northwestern Central African Republic . (americamagazine.org)
  • Despite a rare peaceful transition of power and relatively peaceful elections in the Central African Republic, the country remained insecure, unstable, and beset by serious human rights violations. (hrw.org)
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