A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
Diseases of plants.
Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.
A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC 3.2.1.15.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.
An agricultural fungicide of the dithiocarbamate class. It has relatively low toxicity and there is little evidence of human injury from exposure.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
Processes required for CELL ENLARGEMENT and CELL PROLIFERATION.
Proteins found in any species of fungus.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)
The use of automatic machines or processing devices in libraries. The automation may be applied to library administrative activities, office procedures, and delivery of library services to users.
Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
The reaction material correlates with reduced fungal growth between the cell walls where it is found. During infection, the ... "Botrytis Species Associated with Neck Rot, Scape Blight, and Umbel Blight of Onion." Detection and Identification of Botrytis ... Enzyme Production in Culture and the Effect of the Enzyme on Isolated Onion Cell Walls." Cell Wall Plant Polysaccharide- ... Botrytis allii poses a threat to that value because it can potentially cause a 50% reduction in yield if left unchecked. These ...
Extracts of the fruit body of Ramaria botrytis have been shown to favorably influence the growth and development of HeLa cells ... Other species with which R. botrytis may be confused include: R. formosa, which has branches that are pinker than R. botrytis, ... botrytis by its smooth spores. The European species R. rielii, often confused with R. botrytis and sometimes considered ... Ramaria botrytis is a "snowbank fungus", meaning it commonly fruits near the edges of melting snowbanks in the spring. In Korea ...
When Botrytis cinerea is present, the BIK1 gene is transcribed so that the kinase is present to defend the cell. BIK1 functions ... "Biochemical and Genetic Requirements for Function of the Immune Response Regulator BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1 in Plant Growth, ... "Identification and functional analysis of phosphorylation residues of the Arabidopsis BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1". Protein & Cell ... Botrytis-induced kinase 1 (BIK1) is a membrane-anchored enzyme in plants. It is a kinase that provides resistance to ...
First, AFP may inhibit cell growth by inhibiting chitin synthesis. In sensitive fungi, AFP activates the cell wall integrity ... In applying AFP solutions to plant leaves and roots, infections by Botrytis cineara in geranium plants and Magnaporthe grisea ... sustained increase in calcium cation cell resting potential that often results in programmed cell death. Each of these pathways ... Morphologically, A. giganteus lacks the rhizoidal foot cells present in A. rhizopodus, and has clavate vesicles that stand in ...
Their precursors are found both in the cytoplasm and cell walls of plant cells, upon insect damage, the precursors are ... In a mature or old growth northern hardwood forest, red maple only has a sparse presence, while shade tolerant trees such as ... 2 With the sun at an angle and only shining on one side of the shoot, auxin moves to the opposite side and stimulates cell ... Diagram according to symbiogenetic origin of plant cells, and phylogeny of algae, bryophytes, vascular plants, and flowering ...
Acts on endodermis to prevent growth of roots when exposed to salty conditions Delays cell division Dormancy inducer - It is ... Botrytis cinerea and Magnaporthe oryzae) have an endogenous biosynthesis pathway for ABA. In fungi, it seems to be the MVA ... Inhibits fruit ripening Responsible for seed dormancy by inhibiting cell growth - inhibits seed germination Inhibits the ... This slows plant growth and directs leaf primordia to develop scales to protect the dormant buds during the cold season. ABA ...
The Plant Cell. 23(3). 1153-1170 Li, Meng, Wang, Mao, Han, et al. (2012) Dual-Level Regulation of ACC Synthase Activity by MPK3 ... Plant Growth Regulation. 70(3). 207-216, Qin, Tian, Han and Yang (2013) Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat ... 2014) Tomato WRKY transcriptional factor SlDRW1 is required for disease resistance against Botrytis cinerea and tolerance to ... Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 119(1). 197-210 Niu, Wei, Zhou, Tian, Hao, et al. (2012) Wheat WRKY genes TaWRKY2 and ...
They exhibit tube tip-growth and have cell walls composed of chitin, a polymer of N-acetylglucosamine. Microfungi are a ... The mould Botrytis cinerea can cause spoilage of crops including grapes, but is also responsible for the "noble rot", which ...
Botrytis tulipae is a major fungal disease affecting tulips, causing cell death and eventually the rotting of the plant. Other ... Tulip growth is also dependent on temperature conditions. Slightly germinated plants show greater growth if subjected to a ... Offsets require a year or more of growth before plants are large enough to flower. Tulips grown from seeds often need five to ... To prevent cross-pollination, increase the growth rate of bulbs and increase the vigour and size of offsets, the flower and ...
Biotrophic mycoparasites get nutrients from living host cells and their growth of these parasites is greatly influenced by the ... Botrytis cinerea, Sclerotium rolfsii, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Pythium spp., and Fusarium spp. as a promising alternative to ... The carbohydrate residues on the cell wall of mycoparasites could specifically bind to the lectins on the surface of the host ... It is indicated that the recognition between mycoparasites and their host fungi is related to the agglutinin on the cell ...
Botrytis cinerea or grey mold is a fungal disease that infects most ornamental plants. The fungus causes a decay of plant ... The fungus have an ideal habitat to spread and grow at the final growth site for hellebore plants and if left untreated the ... The small black fruiting bodies which carry the spores, pycnidia, are formed in the dead cells of the leaf spots. The spores ... When symptoms are severe new leaves will have limited growth before dying off. The most seriously affected in the UK is ...
Chedgy RJ, Lim YW, Breuil C (May 2009). "Effects of leaching on fungal growth and decay of western redcedar". Canadian Journal ... Further work by the team suggested a mechanism by which hinokitiol restores or reduces cell iron. Different in-vitro studies ... In experimental studies hinokitiol has been shown to act against Botrytis cinerea, a necrotrophic fungus causing gray mold in ... Hwang, S. L.; Kim, J.-C. (January 2008). "In vivo hair growth promotion effects of cosmetic preparations containing hinokitiol- ...
Reyes, Andres A (May 1990). "Pathogenicity, Growth, and Sporulation of Mucor mucedo and Botrytis cinerea in Cold or CA Storage ... PCNB increases the perinuclear space and the number of vacuoles in the cell, and a pathological thickening of the cell wall is ... Mucor mucedo morphology and growth is influenced by temperature: 30 °C - No growth 5-25 °C - Growth and sporulation 15 °C and ... A wide range of growth media can be used, but most Mucor mucedo fungi appear to grow well with good mycelial growth and ...
The agent is a broad-spectrum, protective and curative fungicide, effective against Alternaria spp., Botrytis spp., Erysiphe ... and South America within gardening and agriculture to control the growth of fungi. It is not registered for use in the United ... an essential component of the fungal cell membrane - from lanosterol. ...
The apical dominance of the grapevine also inhibits the growth of lateral buds. Apical meristem The growth cells located at the ... Passerillage is distinct from noble rot in that these grapes are not exposed to the botrytis fungus. The Italian equivalent is ... Vigor The growth potential of a grapevine's canopy. To ripen fully a grapevine needs to produce around 8 square inches (50 ... Apical dominance The tendency of the central mid-section region of a grapevine shoot up to the apex to exhibit the most growth ...
... cell-to-cell movement' proteins. It is therefore assumed that mycoviruses only move intercellularly during cell division (e.g. ... between the plant pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea and the filamentous ssRNA mycoviruses Botrytis virus X and Botrytis virus ... In summary, the main negative effects of mycoviruses are: Decreased growth rate Lack of sporulation Attenuation of virulence ... Killer isolates secrete proteins that are toxic to sensitive cells of the same or closely related species while the producing ...
6β-Oxygenated sterols from the South China Sea gorgonian Muriceopsis flavida and their tumor cell growth inhibitory activity ... A 9-hydroxylated analogue of cerevisterol was found in R. botrytis. A modified version of the compound, (22E, 24R)-cerevisterol ... The sterol is cytotoxic to mouse P388 leukemia cells and A549 human alveolar epithelial cells grown in culture. Bills CE, ... Yaoita Y, Satoh Y, Kikuchi M (2007). "A new ceramide from Ramaria botrytis (Pers.) Ricken". Journal of Natural Medicine. 61 (2 ...
... phosphorus aids growth, the setting of fruit and crop yield; potassium promotes growth of individual shoots and increases the ... American gooseberry mildew and powdery mildew can infect the leaves and shoot tips, and botrytis may cause the fruit to rot in ... calcium is required for cell division and enlargement and is particularly important for young plants and buds. An annual spring ... Weed growth can be suppressed with an organic mulch such as sawdust, bark, mushroom compost or straw, heavy plastic topped with ...
Growth is inhibited by 100 mg/kg or less of benzoic acid or sorbic acid and a pH of 4 or above. The fungus is unable to grow on ... At maturity, the cells reach a diameter of 3-5 µm and are round, oval, or elongate in shape, aggregating as mucoid colonies. ... Botrytis cinerea), lengthening the shelf life of these fruits without reducing fruit quality. The yeast is thought to inhibit ... Carbohydrates in the cell include glucose, fucose, galactose, and mannose. R. glutinis is heat resistant, an uncommon feature ...
Also, mold growth in the first place can be prevented by the same concept of mold growth, assessment, and remediation that ... An in vitro study of human neurological system cells showed damage caused by inflammatory and immune processes (along with ... Molds that are often found on meat and poultry include members of the genera Alternaria, Aspergillus, Botrytis, Cladosporium, ... The primary sources of mold exposure are from the indoor air in buildings with substantial mold growth and the ingestion of ...
Race tubes are long hollow glass tubes bent at either end to hold an agar growth medium. When Neurospora is inoculated at one ... Hevia MA, Canessa P, Müller-Esparza H, Larrondo LF (2015). "A circadian oscillator in the fungus Botrytis cinerea regulates ... Nakashima H, Onai K (December 1996). "The circadian conidiation rhythm in Neurospora crassa". Seminars in Cell & Developmental ... Pittendrigh CS, Bruce VG, Rosensweig NS, Rubin ML (July 18, 1959). "Growth Patterns in Neurospora: A Biological Clock in ...
A. ritzemabosi is an endoparasitic nematode, meaning that it feeds on plant tissue from the inside of the cell. Adult nematodes ... Laboratory tests have shown that Botrytis cinerea and many Rhizoctonia species of fungi are more conducive to A. ritzeambosi ... growth and reproduction. These fungi are used to culture and propagate other Aphelenchid species as well. In adult females, the ... A. ritzeambosi is also capable of feeding ectoparasitically, from the outside of the cell. It has been known to feed ...
The maximum growth rate of M. fructigena was just 8 mm/2 days, whilst M. fructicola expanded its diameter by 20 mm after two ... Jarvis, W.R. (December 1962). "The dispersal of spores of Botrytis cinerea fr. in a raspberry plantation". Transactions of the ... Belonging to the section Junctoriae entails possessing no disjunctor cells in between the mature spores contained in the ... Within the short span of several days, the entire ripe fruit is rotten and rife with conidial tufts and/or vegetative growth of ...
"Proteome and transcript analysis of Vitis vinifera cell cultures subjected to Botrytis cinerea infection". Journal of ... Growth of breeding candidates in a disease-conducive setting, possibly including pathogen inoculation. Attention must be paid ... However, plants do not have circulating immune cells, so most cell types exhibit a broad suite of antimicrobial defenses. ... Both systems sense the intruder and respond by activating antimicrobial defenses in the infected cell and neighboring cells. In ...
... such as the fungi Rhizoctonia solani and Botrytis cinerea, and they promote plant growth by volatile emissions.[7] Some species ... Cell wall[edit]. The cell wall of Bacillus is a structure on the outside of the cell that forms the second barrier between the ... Under the microscope, the Bacillus cells appear as rods, and a substantial portion of the cells usually contain oval endospores ... and at the same time maintains the rod shape and withstands the pressure generated by the cell's turgor. The cell wall is ...
Chedgy, Russell J.; Lim, Young Woon; Breuil, Colette (May 2009). "Effects of leaching on fungal growth and decay of western ... Service, Robert (11 May 2017). "Iron Man molecule restores balance to cells". Science. doi:10.1126/science.aal1178. Okabe, T; ... Botrytis cinerea, Fusobacterium species, Monilinia fructicola and Rhizopus stolonifer), hinokitiol is also used in food ... MITSUBOSHI, SAORI; OBITSU, RIE; MURAMATSU, KANAKO; FURUBE, KENTARO; YOSHITAKE, SHIGEHIRO; KIUCHI, KAN (2007). "Growth ...
He also showed that factors inhibiting fungal growth are most effective when what he termed the fungal "energy of growth" is ... He used Botrytis cinerea as a model system, which causes grey mould, a type of fungal soft rot, in many different plants; he ... Reviews William Brown (1965). "Toxins and cell-wall dissolving enzymes in relation to plant disease", Annual Review of ... He studied Botrytis cinerea, which causes grey mould in a variety of plants, and various Fusarium species that attack apples. ...
Also acts as a growth inhibitor on fungal pathogens including Alternaria, Botrytis, and Fusarium spp. Decreases the speed of ... In these cells, synthesis starts with D-erythrose 4-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate, and in photosynthetic cells with carbon ... Lincoln GA, Andersson H, Loudon A (October 2003). "Clock genes in calendar cells as the basis of annual timekeeping in mammals- ... Rather, melatonin performs important roles in plants as a growth regulator, as well as environmental stress protector. It is ...
... and shoot growth in low gravity, whereas lettuce grown on Cosmos showed the opposite effect of growth in space (Halstead and ... Often, closed-cell foam is compressed around the lower stem and inserted into an opening in the aeroponic chamber, which ... For example, by monitoring and controlling environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity, the risk of botrytis ... Aeroponic growth refers to growth achieved in an air culture. Aeroponic system refers to hardware and system components ...
In these parts, they are found predominantly in outer cell layers such as the epidermis and peripheral mesophyll cells. Most ... Investing tomatoes with high anthocyanin content doubles their shelf-life and inhibits growth of a post-harvest mold pathogen, ... Botrytis cinerea. Some tomatoes also have been modified genetically with transcription factors from snapdragons to produce high ... The many benefits to using dye-sensitized solar cells instead of traditional p-n junction silicon cells, include lower purity ...
"The intersection between cell wall disassembly, ripening, and fruit susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea". Proceedings of the ... Abiotic stresses like frost, drought and increased salinity are a limiting factor to the growth of tomatoes.[15] While no ... "The Plant Cell. 3 (11): 1187-1193. doi:10.2307/3869226. JSTOR 3869226. PMC 160085 . PMID 1821764.. ... "Plant Cell Reports. 12: 644-647. doi:10.1007/bf00232816.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ...
Prevention of mold exposure from food is generally to consume food that has no mold growths on it.[35] Also, mold growth in the ... Molds that are often found on meat and poultry include members of the genera Alternaria, Aspergillus, Botrytis, Cladosporium, ... This affects in the cells action potential profile, as seen in cardiomyocytes, pneumocytes and neurons leading to conduction ... The main sources of mold exposure are from the indoor air in buildings with substantial mold growth, and from ingestion of food ...
Resistance to fungicides can also be developed by efficient efflux of the fungicide out of the cell. Septoria tritici has ... For example, Botrytis cinerea is resistant to both azoles and dicarboximide fungicides. ... A fungistatic inhibits their growth. Fungi can cause serious damage in agriculture, resulting in critical losses of yield, ... five ABC-type transporters with overlapping substrate specificities that together work to pump toxic chemicals out of the cell. ...
Wibowo, D., Eschenbruch, R., Davis, C.R., Fleet, G.H., and Lee, T.H. "Occurrence and Growth of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Wine" ... When yeast cells die, they sink to the bottom of the tank or barrel, creating the "lees" sediment visible in this picture. The ... Glycerol is a sweet-tasting polyol present in all wines, but at higher levels in wines that have been infected with Botrytis ... The bacterial cell takes in malate, converts it into lactate, and releases carbon dioxide in the process. The lactate is then ...
It is caused by Botrytis allii which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb causing a grey mould to develop. The symptoms ... When applied to the scalp it is said to promote growth of hair and on the face to reduce freckling. It has been used to polish ... Chopping an onion causes damage to cells which allows enzymes called alliinases to break down amino acid sulfoxides and ... Ingestion results in anaemia caused by the distortion and rupture of red blood cells. Sick pets are sometimes fed with tinned ...
In the growing tip of a plant, cell division is so rapid that the younger cells may not have had time to be infected with the ... Hermann, Michael (1995-1996). Crop growth and starch productivity of edible canna. International Potato Center. pp. 295-301.. ... The flowers are sometimes affected by a grey, fuzzy mold called botrytis. Under humid conditions, it is often found growing on ... Crop Growth and Starch Productivity of Edible Canna. *The utilization of edible Canna plants in southeastern Asia and southern ...
... receptors on their cell surfaces that allow for detection of pathogens and initiate mechanisms to inhibit pathogen growth.[79] ... Colletotrichum destructivum, Botrytis cinerea, Golovinomyces orontii Oomycete. Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis Viral. ... "Cell. 166 (2): 481-491. July 2016. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.05.063. PMC 4949382. PMID 27293186.. ... doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.03.037. PMID 16713565.. *^ Lacombe S, Rougon-Cardoso A, Sherwood E, Peeters N, Dahlbeck D, van Esse HP ...
This can be treated similarly to Botrytis-eliminating the conditions that caused the disease and burning the infected plants ... When present in high numbers, certain species reduce tree growth and vigor.[66] ... antioxidant activity and cell cycle control". European Journal of Cancer Prevention (Review). 23 (5): 477-80. doi:10.1097/CEJ. ... Symposium on Growth Regulators in Fruit Production (International ed.). Acta Horticulturae. p. 179. ISBN 978-90-6605-182-9. .. ...
Proteins from the grape are broken down and the remaining yeast cells and other fine particles from the grapes are allowed to ... To avoid this, either the wine must be sterile bottled or contain enough sulfur dioxide to inhibit the growth of bacteria. ... allowing or encouraging botrytis cinerea fungus to dehydrate the grapes or allowing the grapes to raisin either on the vine or ... During the primary fermentation, the yeast cells feed on the sugars in the must and multiply, producing carbon dioxide gas and ...
In Vitis vinifera grape, trans-resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced against the growth of fungal pathogens such as Botrytis ... Hoffman, R.; Heale, J. B. (1987). "Cell death, 6-methoxymellein accumulation, and induced resistance to Botrytis cinerea in ... Juglone is an example of such a molecule inhibiting the growth of other plant species around walnut trees.[citation needed] The ... Browning associated with oxidation of phenolic compounds has also been given as the cause of cells death in calli formed in in ...
Dye-sensitized solar cellsEdit. Anthocyanins have been used in organic solar cells because of their ability to convert light ... Investing tomatoes with high anthocyanin content doubles their shelf-life and inhibits growth of a post-harvest mold pathogen, ... Botrytis cinerea.[33]. Some tomatoes also have been modified genetically with transcription factors from snapdragons to produce ... Anthocyanins fluoresce, enabling a tool for plant cell research to allow live cell imaging without a requirement for other ...
doi:10.1016/j.cell.2011.06.039. PMID 21784248.. *^ a b Ma LJ, van der Does HC, Borkovich KA, Coleman JJ, Daboussi MJ, Di Pietro ... Schizosaccharomyces japonicus yFS275, model for invasive growth (2006[59]). *Schizosaccharomyces pombe Strain:972h, model ... Botrytis cinerea (Botryotinia fuckeliana) Strain:B05.10 and T4, plant pathogen (2011[29]) ... "Plant Cell. 19 (11): 3347-68. doi:10.1105/tpc.107.052829. PMC 2174895. PMID 18024570.. ...
Its symptoms are widely recognizable and include gray-white fungal growth on the surface of infected plants. A sulfur ... nutrients from the plant cells directly under the epidermis of the leaf. At this point, the fungi can infect leaves, buds and ... A gray-white, dusty, fungal growth consisting of mycelia, conidia and conidiophores coat much of the infected plant. ... the environmental factors that favor the growth of powdery mildews are all practices that can stall and/or halt its growth.[2] ...
... cells are no longer able to bring the nitrogen into the cell due to the increasing toxicity of ethanol surrounding the cells. ... Infections by mold, such as Botrytis cinerea (known as noble rot when it is desired) can reduce the amino acid content of grape ... minerals and other growth factors and sold under brand names like Go-Ferm, Superfood, Fermaid K (the later two also containing ... of excess hydrogen ions into the cell. The cell's hydrogen ion pumps have to work even harder to maintain its internal pH so it ...
All cells are capable of producing and regulating ROS. However, dysregulation of ROS can lead to DNA damaging, inactivation of ... Colonies of B. trispora grow rapidly on the agar growth media at 25 °C. They are white at first but become yellow to pale brown ... While A.F. Blakeslee was studying another fungus called Botrytis rileyi, he collaborated with Roland Thaxter to further study ... This ultimately causes cell death, becoming very toxic to the individuals. Further investigations of β-carotene usage collected ...
The fungus appears on the plant as a white mass on the leaf that slowly turns into a hard black growth. These growths release ... "Botrytis is an Ever-Present Threat in Winegrapes". Ag Alert. May 10, 1995. Pearson, Roger c. (August 1979). "Botrytis Bunch Rot ... This mildew penetrates the cell wall and begins to absorb nutrients from the leaves. This eventually turns the leaves yellow ... Powdery mildew will cover the carrot with a film of white fungal growth which does not kill the plant, but stunts the growth of ...
When the plant possesses seven sets of true leaves and the 8th is barely visible in the center of the growth tip, or shoot ... Pinching is performed by firmly pinching the apical meristem(s) so as to substantially damage vascular and structural cells but ... and may suffer from botrytis (grey mold) caused by wet weather. Alternatively growers may artificially induce the flowering ... When using soil as a growth medium, the soil should be allowed to dry down adequately before re-watering. Humidity is an ...
... stunted growth to distorted blooms. Furthermore, there is Botrytis (fungus), a mold that affects the flowers. Many different ... The second step is grating the rhizomes mechanically to disrupt the cell walls to release the starch. The third step is sieving ... Before flowering, the second tillage can be combined with the second fertilizer application to promote the growth of ... carrying out mechanical operations depending on the weed growth. About six months after planting, the crop can be harvested. At ...
... cause them to secrete more material out of their cells or enter into the cells to feed internally and they are categorised ... They also deposit faeces on the wounds that they create, which encourage the growth of the fungi because they are rich in ... Trichoderma species have been recorded as protecting crops from Botrytis cinerea, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria solani, ... possibly consisting of degraded cell wall material. G. acuta then feeds through the hole in the cell wall for, on average, 10 ...
The cells should be pressed out and distributed evenly on the glass slide in a thin layer, such as the anther smeared. Squashes ... The size of an ice crystal is directly proportional to its growth rate and inversely proportional to the nucleation rate ( ... Brown, W (1915). "Studies in the Physiology of Parasitism: I. The Action of Botrytis cinerea". Annals of Botany. 29 (115): 313- ... Since Hooke discovered cells, microtechnique had also developed with the emergence of early microscopes. Microtechnique then ...
Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Cell Food products in best price from certified Chinese Frozen Food manufacturers, Bulk Food ... Botanical Source: Brassica Oleracea Botrytis Cymosa. *Function: Inhibiting and Preventing Cancer Cell Growth ... Mc-1154 3D Lollipop with Rhinestones and Pearl Cell Phone Case FOB Price: $0.2 - $1 / Piece Min. Order: 500 Pieces ... 2017 Zhejiang Three Children Food Mandarin Orange Cell of 18L Canned FOB Price: US $650 / Ton Min. Order: 5 Tons ...
Extracts of the fruit body of Ramaria botrytis have been shown to favorably influence the growth and development of HeLa cells ... Other species with which R. botrytis may be confused include: R. formosa, which has branches that are pinker than R. botrytis, ... botrytis by its smooth spores. The European species R. rielii, often confused with R. botrytis and sometimes considered ... Ramaria botrytis is a "snowbank fungus", meaning it commonly fruits near the edges of melting snowbanks in the spring. In Korea ...
149, 150] have demonstrated that tea tree oil inhibits the growth of S. aureus and E. coli by altering cell permeability, ... Isothiocyanate was effective against Botrytis, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Cladosporium species. The antifungal activity of ... In yeast cells, essential oils establish a membrane potential across the cell membrane and disrupt the production of ATP, which ... and the secretion of growth regulators [66]. The essential oils may affect both the external envelope of the cell and the ...
... growth substances on non-induced and Botrytis cinerea culture filtrate-induced phaseollin production in Phaseolus vulgaris cell ... Description: Article on the effects of growth substances on non-induced and Botrytis cinerea culture filtrate-induced ... Description: Article on the modulation of L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase by pathway intermediates in cell suspension cultures of ... Dose Responses for Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Elicitor-mediated Enzyme Induction in French Bean Cell Suspension Cultures ...
... growth substances on non-induced and Botrytis cinerea culture filtrate-induced phaseollin production in Phaseolus vulgaris cell ... Description: Article on the effects of growth substances on non-induced and Botrytis cinerea culture filtrate-induced ... Description: Article discussing research on vegetative cells and cysts for Azotobacter vinelandii 12837 prepared for electron ... of components from culture filtrates of Botrytis cinerea which stimulate phaseollin biosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris cell ...
The reaction material correlates with reduced fungal growth between the cell walls where it is found. During infection, the ... "Botrytis Species Associated with Neck Rot, Scape Blight, and Umbel Blight of Onion." Detection and Identification of Botrytis ... Enzyme Production in Culture and the Effect of the Enzyme on Isolated Onion Cell Walls." Cell Wall Plant Polysaccharide- ... Botrytis allii poses a threat to that value because it can potentially cause a 50% reduction in yield if left unchecked. These ...
Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) are able to increase plant growth, improving plant nutrition and supporting plant ... studies confirmed that a number of bacterial species living on and inside the root system are beneficial for plant growth, ... Plant Cell Environ 2009, 32, 1117-1131. [Google Scholar]. *Terry, L.A.; Chope, G.A.; Bordonaba, J.G. Effect of water deficit ... irrigation and inoculation with Botrytis cinerea on strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) fruit quality. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2007, ...
... and Ca2+ channel blockers prevent excessive Ca2+ influx into the fungal cell. However, it is not known whether voltage-gated ... In the present study, we compared the inhibitory effects of CaCl2 and the extracellular Ca2+ chelator EDTA on mycelial growth ... In the present study, we compared the inhibitory effects of CaCl2 and the extracellular Ca2+ chelator EDTA on mycelial growth ... These results suggest that NFD inhibits mycelial growth, sporulation, and virulence of P. capsici. ...
Biochemical and Genetic Requirements for Function of the Immune Response Regulator BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1 in Plant Growth, ... Plant Cell. 28(7):1662-81. Lee S, Fu F, Xu S, Lee SY, Yun DJ, and Mengiste T. 2016. Global regulation of plant immunity by ... Plant Cell. 28(7):1640-61.. Zhu Y, Schluttenhoffer CM, Wang P, Fu F, Thimmapuram J, Zhu JK, Lee SY, Yun DJ, Mengiste T. 2014. ... regulators of induced systemic resistance to gray mold disease caused by Botrytis cinerea and early blight caused by Alternaria ...
Biochemical and genetic requirements for function of the immune response regulator BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1 in plant growth, ... and fungal cell wall-derived chitin fragments (1, 2). Perception of different MAMPs by cognate PRRs triggers immune responses ... A) Growth of Pst. DC3000 in leaves of 4-wk-old plants 4 d after spray inoculation with bacteria at 5 × 108 cfu/mL. Asterisks ... E) Growth of Pst. DC3000 in 4-wk-old plant leaves 4 d after spray inoculation with bacteria at 5 × 108 cfu/mL. *Statistically ...
... organelle degradation and programmed cell death in filamentous fungal pathogens, for proper morphogenesis and differentiation ... For invasive growth in the host tissues, fungal pathogens are exposed to an inhospitable environment, with nutrient constraints ... cooperates with other plant defense pathways in the regulation of plant innate immunity to necrotrophic pathogens Botrytis ... J. Cell Biol. 2001, 153, 381-396. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Scott, S.V.; Guan, J.; Hutchins, M.U.; Kim, J.; Klionsky, D.J. ...
... we discuss how beneficial microbes trigger induced systemic resistance against insects by promoting plant growth and highlight ... we discuss how beneficial microbes trigger induced systemic resistance against insects by promoting plant growth and highlight ... Soil microorganisms with growth-promoting activities in plants, including rhizobacteria and rhizofungi, can improve plant ... Soil microorganisms with growth-promoting activities in plants, including rhizobacteria and rhizofungi, can improve plant ...
All strains significantly reduced the growth of studied fungi and the bacterial cells were more bioactive than bacterial ... which inhibited the fungal growth and reduced the growth rate of Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani. GC/MS analysis of ... The fungicidal tests were carried out using cultures and cell-free culture filtrates against Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus ... The fungicidal tests were carried out using cultures and cell-free culture filtrates against Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus ...
Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant Cell Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Plant Cell web ... Each growth chamber block corresponded with a replicate of the detached leaf assay, such that growth chamber and replicate ... 2012). Genome update of Botrytis cinerea strains B05.10 and T4. Eukaryot. Cell 11: 1413-1414. ... 2014). Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of Botrytis cinerea genes targeting plant cell walls during infections of ...
2011) Phosphorylation‐dependent differential regulation of plant growth, cell death, and innate immunity by the regulatory ... 2011) Biochemical and genetic requirements for function of the immune response regulator BOTRYTIS‐INDUCED KINASE1 in plant ... Plant Cell 23: 2831-2849. Lee H, Chah OK and Sheen J (2011) Stem‐cell‐triggered immunity through CLV3p‐FLS2 signalling. Nature ... Cell Host and Microbe 7: 290-301. Zhang Z, Wu Y, Gao M et al. (2012) Disruption of PAMP‐induced MAP kinase cascade by a ...
... was isolated from cell-free culture fluid after growth of the strain in the iron-poor casamino acid medium. Mass spectrometry ... with the nonpathogenic Pseudomonas putida BTP1 led to significant reduction of the disease caused by the pathogen Botrytis ...
"Proteomic response of the biological control fungus Trichoderma atroviride to growth on the cell walls of Rhizoctonia solani," ... "Calcineurin-responsive zinc finger transcription factor CRZ1 of Botrytis cinerea is required for growth, development, and full ... S. Koh and S. Somerville, "Show and tell: cell biology of pathogen invasion," Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 9, no. 4, ... P. Pérez and J. C. Ribas, "Cell wall analysis," Methods, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 245-251, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google ...
It is suggested that dicloran is a structurally non-specific toxicant exerting its effect by disorganizing cell growth and ... It is fungistatic to the mycelium and spores of Botrytis cinerea. It delays germination and causes a severe check to hyphal ... Onions Dicloran has proved effective for controlling storage rots of onions, especially those caused by Botrytis alii and ... mostly for the control of Botrytis and Sclerotinia. Attention is drawn to the fact that dicloran is a fungistat rather than a ...
... it may be able to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells ... parasitica, Botrytis cinerea, Alternaria mali, Fusarium solani ... Cell Structure and Metabolism Streptomyces is a filamentous, gram-positive species. Smooth spores germinate to produce a ... An important component of the cell wall of S. neyagawaensis is LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate, aka LL-DAP [4, 14, 16], an amino ... orobolere Source of isoluteolin (Orobol) [35]-- an isoflavone used to assess signal transduction pathways in various cell ...
2012) Tools for Botrytis cinerea: New expression vectors make the gray mold fungus more accessible to cell biology approaches. ... A. thaliana Growth.. Accession Col-0, constitutive expression of the CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED 1 (CCA1ox), and the triple ... the Botrytis ortholog of the core clock component FREQUENCY of Neurospora crassa. By using different plant and Botrytis clock- ... Circadian control of virulence in Botrytis cinerea. Montserrat A. Hevia, Paulo Canessa, Hanna Müller-Esparza, Luis F. Larrondo ...
botrytis) artificial seeds Plant, Cell, Tissue, Organ Culture (PCTOC) Journal of Plant Biotechnology 118 (2), (2) 215-228 ... microshoots as artificial seeds and their conversion and growth in commercial substrates PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE ... Botrytis) Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 86, (2) 239-248 PEARL ... BOTRYTIS) MICROSHOOT PRODUCTION Acta Horticulturae (1099) 87-94 , DOI PEARL Al Shamari M, Rihan HZ, Al Swedi F & Fuller MP ...
botrytis) artificial seeds Plant, Cell, Tissue, Organ Culture (PCTOC) Journal of Plant Biotechnology 118 (2), (2) 215-228 ... microshoots as artificial seeds and their conversion and growth in commercial substrates Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture ... BOTRYTIS) MICROSHOOT PRODUCTION Acta Horticulturae (1099) 87-94 , DOI PEARL Al Shamari M, Rihan HZ, Al Swedi F & Fuller MP ... BOTRYTIS) Acta Horticulturae (1099) 399-406 , DOI El-Mahrouk ME, Dewir YH, Murthy HN, Rihan HZ, Al-Shmgani HS & Fuller MP 2015 ...
... triggered immunity is compromised under C-limited growth. Molecules and Cells, 38(1), 40-50. doi:10.14348/molcells.2015.2165 ... Smith, J. E., Mengesha, B., Tang, H., Mengiste, T., & Bluhm, B. H. (2014). Resistance to Botrytis cinerea in Solanum ... Plant Cell, 28(7), 1640-1661. doi:10.1105/tpc.16.00012. Yoo, J. Y., Ko, K. S., Seo, H. K., Park, S., Fanata, W. I., Harmoko, R ... Plant Cell, 28(7), 1662-1681. doi:10.1105/tpc.16.00105. Lee, S., Fu, F., Xu, S., Lee, S. Y., Yun, D. J., & Mengiste, T. (2016 ...
GSK3/shaggy-like kinase 1 ubiquitously regulates cell growth from Arabidopsis to Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) Taotao Wang ... ABA and IAA during grape ripening and upon infection with Botrytis cinerea João Coelho , Marilia Almeida-Trapp , ... ... GSK3/shaggy-like kinase 1 ubiquitously regulates cell growth from Arabidopsis to Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) Taotao Wang ... Papers centering on plant cell culture should be of interest to a wide audience and methods employed result in a substantial ...
... J. F. Fourie and ... In nectarine, an increase in sugar concentration, especially sucrose, was pronounced during the period of rapid cell ... and sucrose caused a steady increase in growth at 0.23 mM. The stimulatory effect of fruit exudates on growth of B. cinerea on ... 7. Crop Growth Modeling - Introducing GENECROP as a Framework. *8. Modeling Yield Losses Due to Pests - The GENEPEST Structure ...
Horsetail is high in silica which help strengthen the integrity of the plant cells especially in the early stages of growth. ... Spray your plants to reduce or prevent various plant fungal diseases including powdery mildew, leaf spots, botrytis, etc. Store ... Cuttings from new growth can be started in moist sand or loose dirt/soil but I have not tried that method before and find that ... I usually moisten the soil using the rooting solution tea to encourage healthier root growth but it is not necessary. Poke a ...
Growth of Botrytis cinerea cinerea strain B05-10 on 2xV8 agar, conidia collection, and spray inoculation using a Preval sprayer ... Plant Growth Conditions. Arabidopsis thaliana plants were grown in growth chambers at 22°C and 120 μE m−2 s−1 light on a ... Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant Cell Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Plant Cell web ... it also appears that the role of WRKY33 in Botrytis-induced PAD3 expression is strongly affected by the age and growth ...
Its inhibitory effect was studied on the spore germination and mycelial growth of B. cinerea. The effects of SPA on cell wall ... Sodium pheophorbide a controls cherry tomato gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) by destroying fungal cell structure and enhancing ... SPA significantly affected both cell wall integrity and cell membrane permeability (P < .05). In addition, SEM analysis ... Lycopersicon esculentum , Botrytis , Clorofila/análogos & derivados , Resistência à Doença , Frutas , Humanos , Sódio ...
Botrytis cinerea; autophagy; cell growth; conidiation; cysteine proteinases; cytoplasm; developmental stages; eukaryotic cells ... Autophagy serves as a survival mechanism against starvation and has been reported to be important for cell growth and ... 2. Involvement of the cysteine protease BcAtg4 in development and virulence of Botrytis cinerea ... Here, we investigated the function of a cysteine protease BcAtg4 in the gray mold fungus Botrytis cinerea. Yeast ...
... was isolated from cell-free culture fluid after growth of the strain in the iron-poor casamino acid medium. Mass spectrometry ... with the nonpathogenic Pseudomonas putida BTP1 led to significant reduction of the disease caused by the pathogen Botrytis ... No bacterial growth was obtained in aerobic conditions. The calf with digestive disorders was also positive for BVD virus by ... in Cell & Tissue Research (2001), 306(1), 49-55. As interaction of cellular prion protein (PrPc) and the infectious agent ( ...
  • Recent studies have revealed requirement for autophagy in diverse functions such as nutrient homeostasis, organelle degradation and programmed cell death in filamentous fungal pathogens, for proper morphogenesis and differentiation during critical steps of infection. (mdpi.com)
  • To study how genetic variation within a crop affects plant resistance to generalist pathogens, we infected a collection of wild and domesticated tomato accessions with a genetically diverse population of the generalist pathogen Botrytis cinerea . (plantcell.org)
  • Pathogens can deliver effector proteins to plant cells to suppress PTI and promote pathogen virulence. (plantcell.org)
  • Less is known about plant defense against necrotrophic pathogens, which kill host cells before colonizing them. (plantcell.org)
  • Gene-for-gene resistance to necrotrophs is rare, and R gene-mediated hypersensitive cell death actually facilitates infection by necrotrophic pathogens ( Govrin and Levine, 2000 ). (plantcell.org)
  • During this growth, the bacteria produces secondary metabolites that work on one level by forming a physical barrier on the leaf surfaces to prevent attachment of the pathogens to plant cell tissues. (420magazine.com)
  • thus, the maintenance of plant cell viability is the main the defense strategy against necrotrophic pathogens. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Necrotrophic pathogens make nutrients accessible for growth and for completion of their life cycles via offsetting plant cells. (plantphysiol.org)
  • By contrast, biotrophic pathogens require living plant cells for growth and reproduction. (plantphysiol.org)
  • At the early stages of their development, biotrophic pathogens do not kill plant cells, but rather subvert the host metabolism to favor their own growth. (docplayer.net)
  • In contrast, necrotrophic pathogens need to kill host cells to metabolize their contents. (docplayer.net)
  • Now, the scientists say biochar induces resistance in plants against pathogens Botrytis cinerea (grey mould) and Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew) in pepper and tomato. (org.in)
  • Acts as a hyperparasite by disrupting, and ultimately breaking down, the cell walls of the pathogens. (arbico-organics.com)
  • Produces metabolites that constrain the plant pathogens but encourage the plant's defense mechanisms and promote healthy growth. (arbico-organics.com)
  • Fungal pathogens such as Botrytis cinerea can cause devastating losses to agricultural crops - ask any strawberry, grape, or tomato grower. (plantae.org)
  • The volatiles suppressed mycelial growth of various plant pathogens in vitro , especially that of Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum . (uoguelph.ca)
  • Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic fungal pathogen, unlike biotrophic (parasitic) pathogens B. cinerea requires host cell death to complete its life cycle (Fig. 1). (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Botrytis allii is a plant pathogen, a fungus that causes neck rot in stored onions (Allium cepa) and related crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Root treatment of Phaseolus vulgaris with the nonpathogenic Pseudomonas putida BTP1 led to significant reduction of the disease caused by the pathogen Botrytis cinerea on leaves. (apsnet.org)
  • Botrytis cinerea virulence factors: new insights into a necrotrophic and polyphageous pathogen," FEMS Microbiology Letters , vol. 277, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • Herein we characterize a functional circadian clock in the necrotrophic fungal plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea , postulating additional roles for BcFRQ1, the Botrytis ortholog of the core clock component FREQUENCY of Neurospora crassa . (pnas.org)
  • By using different plant and Botrytis clock-null mutants, we demonstrate that the interaction between this pathogen and its host varies with the time of day, being the B. cinerea circadian clock key in regulating this outcome. (pnas.org)
  • We sought to characterize, therefore, the circadian system of the plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea to assess if such oscillatory machinery can modulate its virulence potential. (pnas.org)
  • Pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity is compromised under C-limited growth. (purdue.edu)
  • Pollen exudates from weeds stimulated fungal growth and significantly increased the aggressiveness of the pathogen on plum and nectarine fruit when added to conidia during the last 4 weeks prior to the picking-ripe stage. (apsnet.org)
  • Like WRKY33 , both SIB1 and SIB2 are rapidly and strongly induced by the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea . (plantcell.org)
  • These effector proteins can either stay in the space between the plant cells and pathogen cells, or actually enter inside the plant cells. (elifesciences.org)
  • The Arabidopsis EBR1 (Expansin-like Botrytis Resistant 1) gene was identified based on its down-regulation to the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea infection and enhanced B. cinerea resistance phenotype of its mutant. (omicsonline.org)
  • The Arabidopsis Botrytis Susceptible1 Interactor defines a subclass of RING E3 ligases that regulate pathogen and stress responses. (bio-protocol.org)
  • Botrytis cinerea , an important fungal plant pathogen, secretes aspartic proteinase (AP) activity in axenic cultures. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • We studied the function of Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) Botrytis Susceptible1 Interactor ( BOI ) in plant responses to pathogen infection and abiotic stress. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In addition, BOI RNAi plants exhibited increased cell death induced by the phytotoxin α-picolinic acid and by a virulent strain of the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae , coincident with peak disease symptoms. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In sum, BOI and BRGs represent a subclass of RING E3 ligases that contribute to plant disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance through the suppression of pathogen-induced as well as stress-induced cell death. (plantphysiol.org)
  • We determined the susceptibility of a set of previously identi ed Arabidopsis mutants impaired in defense responses to the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea. (docplayer.net)
  • The authors first showed that application of exogenous PSK to tomato leaves 12 h prior to B. cinerea inoculation significantly reduced pathogen infection, as measured by both decreased B. cinerea mRNA accumulation and decreased trypan blue staining, which stains dead cells and thus identifies cells killed by B. cinerea . (plantae.org)
  • Previously, the Streptomyces strain TFH56 was found to inhibit the gray mold pathogen, Botrytis cinerea , in tomato flower. (g3journal.org)
  • Biochemical and Genetic Requirements for Function of the Immune Response Regulator BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1 in Plant Growth, Ethylene Signaling, and PAMP-Triggered Immunity in Arabidopsis. (purdue.edu)
  • By conducting experiments with out-of-phase light:dark cycles, we confirm that indeed, it is the fungal clock that plays the main role in defining the outcome of the Arabidopsis - Botrytis interaction, providing to our knowledge the first evidence of a microbial clock modulating pathogenic traits at specific times of the day. (pnas.org)
  • The differential temporal expression of EBR1 and the several phenotypes in transgenic plants with altered expression in EBR1, indicate that plant cell wall structure is an important player during Arabidopsis developmental stages. (omicsonline.org)
  • Functional analysis of the Arabidopsis PAL gene family in plant growth, development, and response to environmental stress. (bio-protocol.org)
  • We also present data revealing the function of three Arabidopsis BOI-RELATED GENES ( BRG s), which contribute to B. cinerea resistance and the suppression of disease-associated cell death. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here, we found that loss of function of WRKY57 enhanced the resistance of Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) against Botrytis cinerea infection. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In Arabidopsis thaliana , PSK binds to a cell surface PSK receptor (PSKR)-a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase that activates an intracellular signaling pathway leading to increased cell growth (Matsubayashi et al. (plantae.org)
  • Disruption and overexpression of Arabidopsis phytosulfokine receptor gene affects cellular longevity and potential for growth. (plantae.org)
  • MYB46 modulates disease susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea in Arabidopsis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • These results suggest that NFD inhibits mycelial growth, sporulation, and virulence of P. capsici . (frontiersin.org)
  • and deletion of Mid1 affects vegetative growth, cell wall synthesis, and virulence in Claviceps purpurea ( Bormann and Tudzynski, 2009 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The Cladosporium fulvum virulence protein Avr2 inhibits host proteases required for basal defense," Plant Cell , vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 1948-1963, 2008. (hindawi.com)
  • Together, our results highlight the importance of bcpmr1 for protein glycosylation, cell wall structure and virulence of B. cinerea. (altmetric.com)
  • The heat shock response governed by Hsp90 and Hsf1 is necessary for cell survival and virulence in the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans . (genetics-gsa.org)
  • The isothiocyanate hydrolase promotes fungal growth in the presence of the toxins, and contributes to the virulence of S. sclerotiorum on glucosinolate-producing plants. (nature.com)
  • Botrytis allii Munn is capable of attacking young onion plants without impeding the growth of the plants, provided conditions for infection are favourable. (springer.com)
  • The infection of strawberry and raspberry fruits by Botrytis cinerea Fr. (springer.com)
  • In this study, the IFITM1 and IFITM3 genes of African green monkey (AGM) were cloned and overexpressed in Vero cells, followed by infection with mouse norovirus (MNV) and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). (bvsalud.org)
  • undergoing cell death at the site of infection, whereas SA synthesized via ICS1 is required for local and SAR responses occurring in adjacent and distal plant cells. (docplayer.net)
  • They demonstrated that the binding of PSK to PSKR on the surface of tomato cells initiated, via cytosolic Ca 2+ increases, an auxin-dependent pathway that increased resistance to B. cinerea infection. (plantae.org)
  • normally associated with Botrytis infection. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Two-dimensional electrophoresis protein profile of the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea ," Proteomics , vol. 6, supplement 1, pp. (hindawi.com)
  • Proteomic analysis of phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea as a potential tool for identifying pathogenicity factors, therapeutic targets and for basic research," Archives of Microbiology , vol. 187, no. 3, pp. 207-215, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • Here, we investigated the function of a cysteine protease BcAtg4 in the gray mold fungus Botrytis cinerea. (usda.gov)
  • Plants with reduced BOI transcript levels generated through RNA interference ( BOI RNAi) were more susceptible to the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea and less tolerant to salt stress. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In this review, we discuss how beneficial microbes trigger induced systemic resistance against insects by promoting plant growth and highlight changes in plant molecular mechanisms and biochemical profiles. (frontiersin.org)
  • The molecular determinant of P. putida BTP1 mainly responsible for the induced systemic resistance (ISR) was isolated from cell-free culture fluid after growth of the strain in the iron-poor casamino acid medium. (apsnet.org)
  • Resistance to Botrytis cinerea in Solanum lycopersicoides involves widespread transcriptional reprogramming. (purdue.edu)
  • Study suggests that the higher NDRG1 expression may be associated with the radio-resistance of human rectal cancer cells, and it can be a potential therapeutic target for re-sensitizing radio-resistant rectal cancer cells to ionizing radiation. (antibodies-online.com)
  • present study shows that HER4 and/or NDRG1 might play a critical role for the cell survival and chemo-resistance of Osteosarcoma (OS), and could be used as potential therapeutic targets in OS. (antibodies-online.com)
  • NDRG1 over-expression promoted apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells whereas depletion of NDRG1 resulted in resistance to oxaliplatin treatment. (antibodies-online.com)
  • However, the hypersensitive cell death associated with different race-specific resistance genes was unaffected by changes in the level of BOI transcript. (plantphysiol.org)
  • All of this action induces a resistance response in the plants that further inhibits fungal growth. (arbico-organics.com)
  • Symptoms include: Reduced yield Slow and aberrant mycelial growth Waterlogging of tissue malformation Premature maturation Increased post-harvest deterioration (reduced shelf life) Mushrooms have shown no resistance to the virus, and so control has had to be via hygienic practises to stop the spread of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Well aerated and ventilated production areas can maintain low relative humidity thereby eliminating common diseases such as botrytis gray mold and late blight. (iastate.edu)
  • Botrytis Gray Mold and root rots of Pythium , Phytophthora and Rhizoctonia in the greenhouse. (arbico-organics.com)
  • There are several species of coral fungi that are superficially similar in appearance to R. botrytis, and although comparison of habitat or characteristics like color or branching morphology is often sufficient for identification, sometimes microscopy is required to definitively distinguish between them. (wikipedia.org)
  • This reaction can be used to help distinguish R. botrytis from other similar fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plant Growth-Promoting Pseudomonads Increases Anthocyanin Concentration in Strawberry Fruits (Fragaria x ananassa var. (mdpi.com)
  • All strains significantly reduced the growth of studied fungi and the bacterial cells were more bioactive than bacterial filtrates. (mdpi.com)
  • Producing chitinase enzyme that hydrolyse the cell wall of fungi and bacteria. (tradekey.com)
  • The cell wall of fungi is generally composed of an inner skeletal layer consisting of various polysaccharides surrounded by a layer of glycoproteins. (altmetric.com)
  • Invade, co-opt, and swap: Evolution of cell cycle control in Fungi and other eukaryotes. (genetics-gsa.org)
  • Some dikaryan fungi have even re-entered the water and, lacking motile cells, have evolved other mechanisms, such as long appendages, to aid spore dispersal. (mycolog.com)
  • Among their other activities, they grow tropically toward hyphae of other fungi, coil about them in a lectin-mediated reaction, and degrade cell walls of the target fungi. (viggiagro.com)
  • This process (mycoparastitism) limits growth and activity of plant pathogenic fungi. (viggiagro.com)
  • Mycoparasites produce cell wall-degrading enzymes, which allow them to bore holes into other fungi and extract nutrients for their own growth. (viggiagro.com)
  • Fungi may be unicellular (yeasts) or multicellular (mushrooms) and their cell walls usually contain chitin or cellulose and bglucan. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Roquefort cheese is an example of cheese that is ripened primarily by growth of fungi ( Penicillium roquefortii ) throughout the cheese mass. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Brie cheese is an example of one type of soft cheese that is ripened by the growth of fungi ( Penicillium camemberti ) on the outside of the cheese mass. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It does this by producing natural antibodies that directly attack the fungi and enzymes that break down fungal cell walls and prevent spore attachment. (arbico-organics.com)
  • The growth and development of most fungi take place on a two-dimensional surface or within a three-dimensional matrix. (asmscience.org)
  • Like plants and some bacteria, fungi grow as walled cells. (asmscience.org)
  • Production of "bursts" of ROS by specific NADPH oxidase isoforms are also important for polarized growth and multicellular development in both plants and fungi ( 11 - 16 ). (asm.org)
  • K. S. Kim, J. Y. Min, and M. B. Dickman, "Oxalic acid is an elicitor of plant programmed cell death during Sclerotinia sclerotiorum disease development," Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions , vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 605-612, 2008. (hindawi.com)
  • According to the infrageneric classification scheme proposed by Marr and Stuntz, R. botrytis is included in the subgenus Ramaria, which includes species that have grooved spores, clamps present in the hyphae, and fruit bodies with a large, profusely branched cauliflower-like appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the pretreatment must be used in addition to correct farming practices to further minimize the spread of Botrytis allii spores. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bud Rot Stop works by effectively forcing the botrytis (bud rot) spores to germinate on your plants and then eliminating them as they form. (420magazine.com)
  • On a second level, the lipopeptides form mixed micelles on plant surfaces that perforate the membranes of fungal cells and spores to prevent growth, suppressing the reproduction of the botrytis spores. (420magazine.com)
  • Effects of Various Concentrations of Trichoderma harzianum Fungus on the Phytochemical and Antioxidative Properties of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea.Convar.botrytis L.) in the Soils Contaminated with Lead', Journal of Nutrition,Fasting and Health , 6(Issue 1 (special issue on Food Safety)), pp. 35-44. (ac.ir)
  • Afshari, H., Esmaeeli, V., Khazaee, M. Effects of Various Concentrations of Trichoderma harzianum Fungus on the Phytochemical and Antioxidative Properties of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea.Convar.botrytis L.) in the Soils Contaminated with Lead. (ac.ir)
  • This oxidative burst induces programmed cell death but also serves as a second messenger to activate the expression of various plant defense genes ( 4 - 6 ). (asm.org)
  • An evolutionarily young defense metabolite influences the root growth of plants via the ancient TOR signaling pathway. (nih.gov)
  • Trials across Europe have shown "quite remarkable results", he notes, including reductions in powdery and downy mildew and botrytis. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Inhibit growth of molds during pre and post-harvest of fruits. (tradekey.com)
  • We further demonstrated by in vitro fungistasis tests that hevamine-A, which was enriched at both transcript and protein levels, could directly inhibit the growth of A. flavus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Betaines, at the concentration present in seaweed extracts, have also been proven to reduce soil nematode invasion and inhibit powdery mildew, stem rust and botrytis. (kaizenbonsai.com)
  • Ramaria botrytis, commonly known as the clustered coral, the pink-tipped coral mushroom, or the cauliflower coral, is an edible species of coral fungus in the family Gomphaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type species of the genus Ramaria, R. botrytis was first described scientifically in 1797 by mycologist Christiaan Hendrik Persoon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species was first named as Clavaria botrytis in 1797 by Christian Hendrik Persoon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ramaria botrytis was designated the type species of Ramaria in 1933 by Marinus Anton Donk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA suggests that R. botrytis is closely related to R. rubripermanens and R. rubrievanescens, and that these species form a clade that is sister (sharing a recent common ancestor) to the false truffle genus Gautieria, the most derived group within the studied taxa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its teleomorph is unknown, but other species of Botrytis are anamorphs of Botryotinia species. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are seven different species of Botrytis associated with onions in storage but the rot induced by B. allii and B. aclada causes the greatest commercial loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botrytis allii grows on Allium species including onion (A. cepa), aggregating onion (A. cepa var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Detection of this disease is difficult due to the morphologically indistinguishable characteristics of Botrytis species cultured on agar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher quality detection methods of Botrytis allii are starting to be implemented to better differentiate it from other closely related Botrytis species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various studies confirmed that a number of bacterial species living on and inside the root system are beneficial for plant growth, yield and crop quality. (mdpi.com)
  • Onion blast or leaf spotting caused by species of Botrytis. (springer.com)
  • Two undescribed species of Botrytis associated with the neck rot disease of onion bulbs. (springer.com)
  • Tray selection depends upon plant species, duration of transplant growth, and available greenhouse space. (iastate.edu)
  • In this article, we provide further information about the N,N-dimethyl-N-tetradecyl-N-benzylammonium structure of this determinant for ISR and show that the benzylamine moiety may be important for perception of the molecule by root cells of different plant species. (uliege.be)
  • The comparison of different host species, however, suggests that Trichoderma utilises stress signalling to adapt its growth morphology in a host-specific way. (uibk.ac.at)
  • The role of stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK)/GTPase signalling suspected to underlie this phenomenon is well established during normal growth in non-mycoparasitic species, but the differential control required for mycoparasitism has not yet been determined for any species. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Intron-mediated alternative splicing of WOOD-ASSOCIATED NAC TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR1B regulates cell wall thickening during fiber development in Populus species. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Seaweed extracts act as plant growth stimulants: their effectiveness may be influenced by the species included and the manufacturing process used. (kaizenbonsai.com)
  • Phenotypic analysis showed that bcpmr1 null mutants displayed a significant reduction in conidial production, radial growth and diameter of sclerotia. (altmetric.com)
  • The mak-2 and pp-1 mutants have reduced growth rate, produce short aerial hyphae, and fail to develop protoperithecia. (genetics.org)
  • Validation with T-DNA mutants revealed that, besides PBL1, another RLCK, Botrytis-induced kinase 1 (BIK1), is also required for MAMP/DAMP-induced calcium elevations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Plants that are hypersensitive or insensitive to ABA show phenotypes in seed dormancy , germination , stomatal regulation, and some mutants show stunted growth and brown/yellow leaves. (gutenberg.org)
  • abstract = "A biofilm-forming strain of Pichia fermentans was found to be a very strong antagonist against brown rot and grey mold in artificially wounded apple fruit when co-inoculated with either Monilinia fructicola or Botrytis cinerea, respectively. (elsevier.com)
  • A rapid subtractive hybridization approach (RaSH) was used to identify differentially expressed genes in the pathogenic form of P. fermentans by comparing the cDNA of P. fermentans sampled after 24 hours growth on apple with the cDNA of the same strain grown 24 hours on peach fruit. (elsevier.com)
  • Fluorescent in situ hybridization localized the 37LRP/p40 active gene on chromosome 3 in the locus 3p21.3 which, interestingly, is a hot spot for genetic alterations in several cancers and particularly in small cell lung carcinoma. (ac.be)
  • Material and Methods: Mixed (C. albicans / B.subtilis) and monotypic biofilms were cultured in plates at 37°C for 48 h under shaking for counting viable cells (CFU / mL) and analysis of gene expression by real-time PCR. (bvsalud.org)
  • Findings indicate a positive feedback loop between cancer associated fibroblast (CAFs) and box Q1 (FOXQ1)/N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) axis in neoplastic cells to drive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) initiation, suggesting new potential therapeutic targets for HCC. (antibodies-online.com)
  • Data mining of gene expression profiles of AtPAE revealed that genes from clade 2 including AtPAE7 , AtPAE8 and AtPAE11 , which are duplicated genes, are highly expressed during plant growth and development while AtPAEs without a signal peptide, including AtPAE2 and AtPAE4 , are more regulated in response to plant environmental conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of these 151 core genes, 39 were putative genes encoding the 30S and 50S ribosomal subunits, whilst among recognized cell division genes, only one gene, the major ftsZ , was present. (uoguelph.ca)
  • A Candida albicans RAS -related gene (CaRSR1) is involved in budding, cell morphogenesis and hypha development. (asmscience.org)
  • Taken together, our data provide evidence that IGFBP2 contributes to glioma progression in part by enhancing MMP-2 gene transcription and in turn tumor cell invasion. (termsreign.cf)
  • Detection of epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations in cytology specimens from patients with non-small cell lung cancer utilising high-resolution melting amplicon analysis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cell sizes also have an impact on spread of diseases, as closely packed cells increase relative humidity and create conducive environment for bacterial and fungal growth. (iastate.edu)
  • The endosomes were often associated closely with the cell membrane which might enable direct recycling of AcLDL receptors. (storysteel.cf)
  • In particular cytokinins are closely involved in cell division, protein, carbohydrate and chlorophyll synthesis. (kaizenbonsai.com)
  • Increasing key enzymes activities of nitrogen metabolism (nitrate reductase, glutamine synthetase and protease) and improving the transportation of nitrogen in the functional leaves, which enhance plant growth and development. (tradekey.com)
  • Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biocontrol Agents bacteria have a strong oxiding power that helps them break down environmental pollutants and provide useful enzymes and oxygen for plant growth. (manidharmabiotech.com)
  • Pseudomonas Fluorescens Bacterial Biocontrol Agents bacteria have a strong oxiding power that helps them break down environmental pollutants and provide useful enzymes and oxygen for plant growth. (manidharmabiotech.com)
  • Transmission electron microscopy of fumigated and untreated B. cinerea showed excessive vesiculation or thickened cell walls in exposed conidia and increased vesiculation or strong retraction of plasma membrane in exposed hyphae. (uoguelph.ca)
  • All tested Bulkholderia strains produced volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which inhibited the fungal growth and reduced the growth rate of Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani . (mdpi.com)
  • They identified two putative tomato PSKRs that belong to the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase family of proteins and show that they are found at the plasma membrane when expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana cells. (plantae.org)
  • This increase was prevented by Ca 2+ channel inhibitors, which also inhibited PSK-induced protection of tomato leaves from cell death caused by B. cinerea (see figure). (plantae.org)
  • Effects of volatile substances of Streptomyces globisporus JK-1 on control of Botrytis cinerea on tomato fruit. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Volatile substances produced by Streptomyces globisporus JK-1 grown on autoclaved wheat seed inhibited Botrytis cinerea growth and development both on media and in inoculated tomato fruit. (uoguelph.ca)
  • The inhibition growth of B. cinerea both in vitro and in vivo showed that volatiles from S. globisporus JK-1 have the potential for control of postharvest grey mold of tomato fruits through fumigant action. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Albacete A, Ghanem ME, Martinez-Andujar C, Acosta M, Sanchez-Bravo J, Martinez V et al (2008) Hormonal changes in relation to biomass partitioning and shoot growth impairment in salinized tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants. (springer.com)
  • In onion crops grown for the production of seed, Botrytis allii can cause spotting and girdling of the stipe (stem) and develop on the sheath that protects the inflorescence and on the flowers themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neck rot caused by Botrytis allii occurs in regions all over the world, but, it is most prevalent in temperate regions due to their conducive climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botrytis allii used to cause significant losses in the onion bulb industry in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botrytis allii poses a threat to that value because it can potentially cause a 50% reduction in yield if left unchecked. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botrytis allii is in staat om onder voor infectie gunstige omstandigheden jonge uieplanten aan te tasten. (springer.com)
  • Onderzoekingen over het optreden van koprot (Botrytis allii Munn) bij uien. (springer.com)
  • Autophagy serves as a survival mechanism against starvation and has been reported to be important for cell growth and differentiation in eukaryotes. (usda.gov)
  • A family of serine/threonine protein kinases, known as the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, is involved in extracellular signal perception during growth and differentiation processes in eukaryotic organisms. (genetics.org)
  • Animals models transplanted with these human neuroepithelial precursor cells and methods for monitoring survival, proliferation, differentiation and migration of the cells in the animal model via detection of human specific markers are also provided. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 4. A method for monitoring survival, proliferation, differentiation and migration of human neuroepithelial precursor cells in the animal model of claim 3 comprising detecting human specific NCAM, GFAP, human nuclear antigen and human mitochondria in the animal model. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Sugars in exudates from Harry Pickstone plum and Sunlite nectarine fruit and from pollen of weeds commonly found in orchards were determined by gas-liquid chromatography, and their effect on the development of Botrytis cinerea was determined in vitro and in vivo. (apsnet.org)
  • These results suggest that glutamine can be a major energy source for cells grown in vitro. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In vitro loss of nucleic acids from cells of aseptically cultured excised pea roots. (storysteel.cf)
  • Hormonal and local factors influence antioxidant enzyme activity of rat fetal lung cells in vitro. (termsreign.cf)
  • Botrytis allii's main agronomic host is the onion (Allium cepa). (wikipedia.org)
  • cell physiology, plant interactions and agronomic research in Argentina. (springer.com)
  • Molecular basis of autophagy was established through identification of 35 ATG (AuTophaGy related) genes [ 1 , 2 ], in the past decade of intensive research in yeasts and mammalian cells. (mdpi.com)
  • Following flagellin perception at the cell surface (+ flagellin), the receptor kinase BAK1 is recruited by FLS2 to form the FLS2‐BAK1 complex. (els.net)
  • Tin2 protein functions inside plant cells where it interacts with maize protein kinase ZmTTK1. (elifesciences.org)
  • (A) Before Botrytis cinerea (expressing cytoplasmic GFP) is chemically attacked by T. atroviride , the apical cell wall extends quickly and hence shows only weak staining with the chitin-specific fluorescent dye Congo Red (CR, arrowheads). (uibk.ac.at)
  • (D) Fluorescent reporters of polarised tip growth (CRIB reporter generated in T.tip ) show that normal tip growth of T. atroviride hyphae (left inset) is in turn affected by the presence of the prey fungus B. cinerea (expressing cytoplasmic RFP, right inset). (uibk.ac.at)
  • In unstressed cells, Yap1 is reduced and cytoplasmic, but in response to oxidative stress, it becomes oxidized and accumulates in the nucleus. (asm.org)
  • Plant Cell. (purdue.edu)
  • Plant Cell , 28(7), 1662-1681. (purdue.edu)
  • Plant Cell , 28(7), 1640-1661. (purdue.edu)
  • Plant Cell , 26(10), 4149-4170. (purdue.edu)
  • Papers centering on plant cell culture should be of interest to a wide audience and methods employed result in a substantial improvement over existing established techniques and approaches. (elsevier.com)
  • Plant Cell 23(10): 3824-3841. (bio-protocol.org)
  • Plant Cell 23(8): 2831-2849. (bio-protocol.org)
  • Pectins are plant cell wall polysaccharides that can be acetylated on C2 and/or C3 of galacturonic acid residues. (biomedcentral.com)
  • First, weak, hydrophobic interactions are formed between the spore and the plant cell surface. (wikibooks.org)
  • Alkaloid biosynthesis and accumulation are constitutive, organ- and cell type-specific processes in the plant. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Elicitor-induced sanguinarine biosynthesis in opium poppy cell cultures provides a platform to definitively characterize the environmental induction of alkaloid and other secondary metabolic pathways under precisely controlled conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The biosynthesis is clearly related to secondary metabolism, and chemostat experiments showed that the molecule is more efficiently produced at low cell growth rate. (uliege.be)
  • In Botrytis cinerea , Cch1 and Mid1 are functionally required for vegetative growth under low-calcium conditions ( Harren and Tudzynski, 2013 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Vegetative B. cinerea growth in A. thaliana leaf tissue. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • In cells exposed to H 2 O 2 stress, two disulfide bonds are formed between the n- and c-CRDs, resulting in a conformational change that masks the interaction of the NES with Crm1 ( 17 - 19 ). (asm.org)
  • This study was designated to elucidate novel apoptosis mechanisms induced by ischemia/reperfusion, especially the interaction between NO and cell cycle regulators. (termsreign.cf)
  • Calcium homeostasis and signaling is essential for numerous biological processes, and Ca 2+ channel blockers prevent excessive Ca 2+ influx into the fungal cell. (frontiersin.org)
  • B subtilis produces lipopeptides, which attack fungal cell membranes. (fwi.co.uk)
  • In the EBR1 mutant, the bacterial growth was not altered when inoculated with Pseudomonas syringae , however, the mutant was highly resistant to Alternaria brassicicola when compared with the wild-type and the ectopic EBR1 overexpression transgenic plants. (omicsonline.org)
  • Optical and scanning electron microscopy showed that P. fermentans produces only yeast-like shaped cells during colonization of apple tissue, while exhibiting pseudohyphal growth on peach tissue. (elsevier.com)
  • Bloemberg GV, Lugtenberg BJ (2001) Molecular basis of plant growth promotion and biocontrol by rhizobacteria. (springer.com)
  • Tin2 moves inside plant cells, where it blocks the breakdown of a protein-modifying enzyme that is necessary to 'switch on' the production of anthocyanin. (elifesciences.org)
  • 1984). In eukaryotic cells, ubiquitin is redundantly encoded by at least three different loci: as contiguous repeats of ubiquitin units (polyubiquitin) (Sharp and Li, 1987), or as a single ubiquitin moiety translationally fused to another protein such as ribosomal proteins (Finley et al. (deepdyve.com)
  • Overall, detectable and dynamic changes in the metabolome of elicitor-treated cells, especially in cellular pools of carbohydrates, organic acids and non-protein amino acids were detected within 5 hours after elicitor treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Varietal differences in elicitor activity of these extracts were removed if they were first equalised for protein content prior to eliciting the bean cells, although the screw-pressed juice was marginally more active as an elicitor than the homogenised extract. (springeropen.com)
  • Nevertheless, this fusion protein is well targeted to the tonoplast of the plant suspension cell when expressed via Agrobacterium co-cultivation. (deepdyve.com)
  • The expression of the fusion protein does not affect the growth rate of the cells but increases their volume. (deepdyve.com)
  • We postulate that the increase in cell volume is triggered by the fusion protein allowing vacuolar volume increase. (deepdyve.com)
  • Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) are able to increase plant growth, improving plant nutrition and supporting plant development under natural or stressed conditions. (mdpi.com)
  • Bud Rot Stop contains a strain of naturally occurring bacteria that grows for a short time ( it requires a minimum of 4 hours growth) on the leaf of the plant. (420magazine.com)
  • However, whether this can also explain the ability of sponge cells to differentiate between symbiotic bacteria and those in the ambient water, as demonstrated by Wilkinson et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Interest in the application of bacteria of the plant growth encouraging rhizobia groups has been increased. (springer.com)
  • The main goal of this chapter is to focus on the role of IAA-producing bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion as well as drought tolerance of crops. (springer.com)
  • Ahmad F, Ahmad I, Khan MS (2008) Screening of free-living rhizospheric bacteria for their multiple plant growth promoting activities. (springer.com)
  • Bashan Y, Holguin G (1998) Proposal for the division of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria into two classifications: biocontrol-PGPB (plant growth-promoting bacteria) and PGPB. (springer.com)
  • Bottini R, Cassán F, Piccoli P (2004) Gibberellin production by bacteria and its involvement in plant growth promotion and yield increase. (springer.com)
  • In: Maheshwari DK (ed) Plant growth and health promoting bacteria microbiology monographs 18. (springer.com)
  • Autophagy, comprising selective or non-selective types, utilizes the vacuolar/lysosomal system for bulk degradation of certain organelles, proteins and/or membranes in eukaryotic cells. (mdpi.com)
  • To be used to control and suppress seed and soil-borne diseases in ornamentals, vegetables, flowering plants, trees, herbs, transplants, seedlings and conifers grown outdoors or in greenhouses in all growth media. (arbico-organics.com)
  • Abd-Alla MH, Bagy MK, El-enany AWES, Bashandy SR (2014b) Activation of Rhizobium tibeticum with flavonoids enhances nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and growth of fenugreek ( Trigonella foenum - graecum L.) grown in cobalt-polluted soil. (springer.com)
  • As a key component of our functional genomics platform for opium poppy we have used proton nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1 H NMR) metabolomics to investigate the interplay between primary and secondary metabolism in cultured opium poppy cells treated with a fungal elicitor. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The response of cell cultures to elicitor treatment involves the extensive reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism, and associated cofactor biosynthetic pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A high-resolution map of the extensive reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism in elicitor-treated opium poppy cell cultures is provided. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Transcriptional regulation of nitrogen-associated metabolism and growth. (nih.gov)
  • Soil microorganisms with growth-promoting activities in plants, including rhizobacteria and rhizofungi, can improve plant health in a variety of different ways. (frontiersin.org)
  • Bud Rot Stop Concentrate doesn't just protect your precious plants against bud rot (botrytis), it also destroys existing infections and restores your plants back to full health. (420magazine.com)
  • Interestingly, BOI RNAi plants exhibit reduced growth responsiveness to gibberellin. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Marty, Francis 2004-10-07 00:00:00 In plants, vacuoles are essential organelles that undergo dynamic volume changes during cell growth due to rapid and high flow of water through tonoplast water-carrying channels composed of integral proteins (tonoplast aquaporins). (deepdyve.com)
  • There are several bacterial communities which influence the development and growth of plants through several mechanisms, including phytohormone production and nutrients mobilization. (springer.com)
  • In the present study, we compared the inhibitory effects of CaCl 2 and the extracellular Ca 2+ chelator EDTA on mycelial growth and found that calcium assimilation plays a key role in P. capsici mycelial growth. (frontiersin.org)
  • revealed that, in these infections, this vascular tissue was strongly reinforced with a compound, called lignin, suggesting that the plant fortifies these cell walls to block access by the mutant fungus. (elifesciences.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the antifungal activity of the proteolytic fraction P1G10 from Vasconcellea cundinamarcencis (ex-Carica candamarcensis) against Botrytis cinerea, the causative agent of pre- and postharvest damaging disease in fruit and vegetables. (usda.gov)
  • I am conducting research on the use of different LED lighting systems on the growth, development and yield of high value crops. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • which are differentially expressed in different tissues at different times during growth and development. (intechopen.com)
  • Transcription factors, the key regulators of plant growth and development, are the targets of the miRNAs families. (intechopen.com)
  • Despite the well-demonstrated importance of thigmo responses in numerous stages of fungal growth and development, it is not known how fungal cells sense contact through the relatively rigid structure of the cell wall. (asmscience.org)
  • Ppα-DOX is expressed during development in tips of young protonemal filaments with maximum expression levels in mitotically active undifferentiated apical cells. (csic.es)
  • The stimulatory effect of fruit exudates on growth of B. cinerea on glass slides coincided with the period of rapid sugar release from the fruit and the shift in susceptibility to decay. (apsnet.org)
  • ISR is elicited in response to plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), and is mediated primarily by JA and ET signaling pathways. (nature.com)
  • Therefore, beneficial or application of plant growth enhancing rhizobacteria (PGER) in crop production is not the aim of this chapter. (springer.com)
  • Ahmed A, Hasnain S (2014) Auxins as one of the factors of plant growth improvement by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. (springer.com)
  • Chaiharn M, Lumyong S (2011) Screening and optimization of indole-3-acetic acid production and phosphate solubilization from Rhizobacteria aimed at improving plant growth. (springer.com)
  • Arora NK, Khare E, Maheshwari DK (2010) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: constrains in bioformulation, commercialization, and future strategies. (springer.com)