Celiac Artery: The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.Mesenteric Artery, Superior: A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.Splenic Artery: The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion: Obstruction of the flow in the SPLANCHNIC CIRCULATION by ATHEROSCLEROSIS; EMBOLISM; THROMBOSIS; STENOSIS; TRAUMA; and compression or intrinsic pressure from adjacent tumors. Rare causes are drugs, intestinal parasites, and vascular immunoinflammatory diseases such as PERIARTERITIS NODOSA and THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS. (From Juergens et al., Peripheral Vascular Diseases, 5th ed, pp295-6)Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Venous Cutdown: Creation of a small incised opening in a vein to permit the passage of a needle or cannula for withdrawal of blood, administration of medication, or in diagnostic or therapeutic catheterization. (Dorland, 28th ed.; Stedman, 26th ed.)Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Tuberculosis, Cardiovascular: Pathological conditions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM caused by infection of MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS. Tuberculosis involvement may include the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Mesenteric Arteries: Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.Celiac Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers including sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and visceral afferents. The celiac plexus is the largest of the autonomic plexuses and is located in the abdomen surrounding the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Splanchnic Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS supplying the abdominal VISCERA.Splenic Infarction: Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Radiography, Interventional: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Vascular Access Devices: Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.Replantation: Restoration of an organ or other structure to its original site.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Renal Artery: A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Basilar Artery: The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Viscera: Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Aneurysm, Dissecting: Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Vertebral Artery: The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Radial Artery: The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Mammary Arteries: Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.Collateral Circulation: Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.Endovascular Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Carotid Artery, Internal: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.Endoleak: Postoperative hemorrhage from an endovascular AORTIC ANEURYSM repaired with endoluminal placement of stent grafts (BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION). It is associated with pressurization, expansion, and eventual rupture of the aneurysm.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Subclavian Artery: Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.

Observations on some additional abnormalities in situs inversus viscerum. (1/266)

The abnormal findings in a case of Situs inversus totalis are described. The duodenum was placed abnormally and retained its primitive mesentery. The proximal 22 in of jejunum were retroperitoneal. The attachment of the root of the mesentery to the posterior abdominal wall had a 7-shaped appearance, and there was a partial failure of the primitive mesocolon to adhere to the posterior abdominal wall. The common hepatic artery arose from the superior meseneric artery, which also provided a branch to the proximal jejunal loop. The right vagus nerve was found anterior to the oesophagus at the oesophageal hiatus in the diaphragm, and the left vagus was posterior. A double ureter was present on the right side. The findings are discussed in relation to mid-gut development.  (+info)

Celiomesenteric anomaly with concurrent aneurysm. (2/266)

We describe a rare case of a celiomesenteric anomaly with concurrent aneurysm. The patient, a 53-year-old man, had no abdominal pain or discomfort. The presence of a celiac artery aneurysm was suspected on the basis of the results of abdominal computerized tomographic scanning and echo ultrasound scanning performed because of proteinuria. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiographic results showed the anomaly and aneurysm. Because of the risk of rupture of the aneurysm, the lesion was repaired surgically, with the placement of an interpositional prosthetic graft. We found no previous reports of celiomesenteric anomaly with concurrent aneurysm repaired with prosthetic graft.  (+info)

Repair of type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm with a combined endovascular and surgical approach. (3/266)

We report an unusual case of type IV Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm (TAA) with Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA), celiac artery, and bilateral renal artery aneurysms in a patient who underwent an earlier repair of two infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) ruptures. Because of the presence of the visceral artery aneurysms and the earlier operation through the retroperitoneum, standard surgical treatment via a retroperitoneal approach with an inclusion grafting technique was considered difficult. A combined surgical approach achieving retrograde perfusion of all four visceral vessels and endovascular grafting allowing exclusion of the TAA was accomplished. Complete exclusion of the aneurysm and normal perfusion of the patient's viscera was documented by means of follow-up examinations at 3 and 6 months. The repair of a type IV TAA with a Combined Endovascular and Surgical Approach (CESA) allowed us to manage both the aortic and visceral aneurysms without thoracotomy or re-do retroperitoneal exposure and minimized visceral ischemia time. If the durability of this approach is confirmed, it may represent an attractive alternative in patients with aneurysmal involvement of the visceral segment of the aorta.  (+info)

IL-6 knock-out mice exhibit resistance to splanchnic artery occlusion shock. (4/266)

We used IL-6 knock-out (KO) mice to evaluate a possible role for IL-6 in the pathogenesis of splanchnic artery occlusion shock (SAO). SAO shock was induced by clamping both the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk, followed by release of the clamp. There was a marked increase in the peroxynitrite formation in the plasma of the SAO-shocked IL-6 wild-type (WT) mice after reperfusion. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated a marked increase in the immunoreactivity to nitrotyrosine in the necrotic ileum in shocked IL-6 WT mice. SAO-shocked WT mice developed a significant increase of tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) activity and marked histological injury to the distal ileum. SAO shock was also associated with a significant mortality (0% survival). Reperfused ileum tissue sections from SAO-shocked WT mice showed positive staining for P-selectin. Little specific staining was observed in sham-WT mice. Staining of ileum tissue obtained from sham-operated WT mice with anti-ICAM-1 antibody showed weak but diffuse staining, demonstrating that ICAM-1 is constitutively expressed. However, after SAO shock the staining intensity increased substantially in the ileum section from WT mice. Intensity and degree of P-selectin and ICAM-1 were markedly reduced in tissue section from SAO-shocked IL-6 KO mice. SAO-shocked IL-6 KO mice also show significant reduction of neutrophil infiltration into the reperfused intestine, as evidenced by reduced MPO activity, improved histological status of the reperfused tissues, reduced peroxynitrite formation, reduced MDA levels, and improved survival. In vivo treatment with anti-IL-6 significantly prevents the inflammatory process. Our results clearly demonstrate that IL-6 plays an important role in ischemia and reperfusion injury and allows the hypothesis that inhibition of IL-6 may represent a novel and possible strategy. Part of this effect may be due to inhibition of the expression of adhesion molecules and subsequent reduction of neutrophil-mediated cellular injury.  (+info)

Two patterns of lipid deposition in the cholesterol-fed rabbit. (5/266)

A central feature of arterial lipid deposition is its nonuniform and variable distribution. In immature human and rabbit aortas, spontaneous lesions occur most frequently downstream of branch points, but they tend to occur upstream of the same branches at later ages. In cholesterol-fed rabbits, the juvenile pattern has been seen regardless of age. These distributions may be determined by transport properties of the arterial wall, because uptake of plasma macromolecules is elevated downstream of aortic branches in immature rabbits and upstream in mature ones, except during cholesterol feeding, when the juvenile pattern is seen in adult vessels. The effect of cholesterol could reflect its inhibitory influence on the nitric oxide (NO) pathway because the adult transport pattern is NO dependent. Using protocols expected to preserve NO function and the mature pattern of transport during hypercholesterolemia, we made 2 attempts to induce upstream disease in rabbits. In trial I, plasma concentrations of cholesterol were kept within the normal human range for 15 weeks by using dietary levels of 0.05% to 0.2%. Although disease patterns reverse with age in human vessels exposed to these concentrations, lesions in both immature and mature rabbits occurred downstream of intercostal branch ostia. Trial II used older rabbits, a different base diet containing more vitamin E (96 mg/kg rather than 57 mg/kg), and higher levels of cholesterol (1%, administered for 8 weeks). For some animals, extra vitamin E (2000 mg/kg) was added to the diet. The mature pattern of lipid deposition was apparent around intercostal branches in the first group and was accentuated by the additional vitamin E, a change that was associated with a significant increase in the plasma concentration of NO metabolites. Spontaneous lesions, assessed on the base diet, were too rare to have influenced these distributions. This is the first report of upstream disease in the cholesterol-fed rabbit. The results support but do not prove the view that NO and transport are important in atherogenesis.  (+info)

Subtype specific regulation of human vascular alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors by vessel bed and age. (6/266)

BACKGROUND: alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(1)ARs) regulate blood pressure, regional vascular resistance, and venous capacitance; the exact subtype (alpha(1a), alpha(1b), alpha(1 d)) mediating these effects is unknown and varies with species studied. In order to understand mechanisms underlying cardiovascular responses to acute stress and chronic catecholamine exposure (as seen with aging), we tested two hypotheses: (1) human alpha(1)AR subtype expression differs with vascular bed, and (2) age influences human vascular alpha(1)AR subtype expression. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five hundred vessels from 384 patients were examined for alpha(1)AR subtype distribution at mRNA and protein levels (RNase protection assays, ligand binding, contraction assays). Overall vessel alpha(1)AR density is 16+/-2.3fmol/mg total protein. alpha(1a)AR predominates in arteries at mRNA (P<0.001) and protein (P<0.05) levels; all 3 subtypes are present in veins. Furthermore, alpha(1)AR mRNA subtype expression varies with vessel bed (alpha(1a) higher in splanchnic versus central arteries, P<0.05); competition analysis (selected vessels) and functional assays demonstrate alpha(1a) and alpha(1b)-mediated mammary artery contraction. Overall alpha(1)AR expression doubles with age (<55 versus > or = 65 years) in mammary artery (no change in saphenous vein), accompanied by increased alpha(1b)>alpha(1a) expression (P< = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Human vascular alpha(1)AR subtype distribution differs from animal models, varies with vessel bed, correlates with contraction in mammary artery, and is modulated by aging. These findings provide potential novel targets for therapeutic intervention in many clinical settings.  (+info)

Beneficial effects of peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst in a rat model of splanchnic artery occlusion and reperfusion. (7/266)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of the peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst 5,10,15, 20-tetrakis(2,4,6-trimethyl-3,5-disulfonatophenyl)-porphyrinato iron (III) (FeTMPS) in a model of splanchnic artery occlusion shock (SAO). SAO shock was induced in rats by clamping both the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk for 45 min, followed by release of the clamp (reperfusion). At 60 min after reperfusion, animals were killed for histological examination and biochemical studies. There was a marked increase in the oxidation of dihydrorhodamine 123 to rhodamine (a marker of peroxynitrite-induced oxidative processes) in the plasma of the SAO-shocked rats after reperfusion, but not during ischemia alone. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated a marked increase in the immunoreactivity to nitrotyrosine, an index of nitrogen species such as peroxynitrite, in the necrotic ileum in shocked rats. SAO-shocked rats developed a significant increase of tissue myeloperoxidase and malonaldehyde activity, and marked histological injury to the distal ileum. SAO shock was also associated with a significant mortality (0% survival at 2 h after reperfusion). Reperfused ileum tissue sections from SAO-shocked rats showed positive staining for P-selectin localized mainly in the vascular endothelial cells. Ileum tissue sections obtained from SAO-shocked rats and stained with antibody to ICAM-1 showed a diffuse staining. Administration of FeTMPS significantly reduced ischemia/reperfusion injury in the bowel, and reduced lipid and the production of peroxynitrite during reperfusion. Treatment with PN catalyst also markedly reduced the intensity and degree of P-selectin and ICAM-1 staining in tissue sections from SAO-shocked rats and improved survival. Our results clearly demonstrate that peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts exert a protective effect in SAO and that this effect may be due to inhibition of the expression of adhesion molecules and the tissue damage associated with peroxynitrite-related pathways.  (+info)

Emergency arteriography in acute gastrointestinal bleeding. (8/266)

Emergency arteriography was carried out on 35 patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding, in 31 of them within two hours of active bleeding (a haematemisis; a diagnostic change in central venous pressure, pulse rate, or blood pressure; or gastric aspiration of fresh blood). A definite site of bleeding was identified in 27 patients (77%)-this being a small-intestinal vascular abnormality in three--and a probable site in three. Confirmation of the bleeding site was obtained in 20 out of 23 patients treated surgically. An intra-arterial vasoconstrictor infusion was given as a temporary measure before surgery in seven patients, only one of whom showed active bleeding at operation. An intra-arterial vasoconstrictor infusion was tried as definitive treatment in an additional 10 patients, but in four out of seven with a chronic ulcer bleeding recurred after 5-68 hours and was therefore treated surgically. We recommend the diagnostic use of arteriography in patients with reliable evidence of active bleeding if its site cannot be determined by endoscopy. We do not recommend its therapeutic use in those with a chronic ulcer, except to facilitate resuscitation before surgery; further studies are needed to define its role in those with an acute lesion.  (+info)

  • complication associated with ----- ------ -----Renal artery stenosis b. (armoredpenguin.com)
  • GOALS: We aimed to establish an accurate prediction model for CGI, based on clinical symptoms and radiologic evaluation of the amount of stenosis in the celiac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) by means of computed tomography-angiography or magnetic resonance (MR)-angiography. (ru.nl)
  • This usually does not cause symptoms after surgery and can be treated with non-surgical techniques such as medications or, in rare cases, another celiac plexus block. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • 7-8) Surgical reconstruction, surgical ligation, intraluminal embolization, thrombin injection and endovascular grafting have all been reported with success/9"11) We present a case of a 6.9 cm symptomatic celiac artery aneurysm treated successfully with endovascular stenting. (qscience.com)
  • The left gastric artery travels back upward and slightly to the left, bringing blood to the lower esophagus and to the top of the stomach, where it meets the right gastric artery along the stomach's upper curve. (wisegeek.com)
  • left and right gastric artery , left and right gastro-omental artery and short gastric artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • Most blood returning from the digestive organs (including from the area of distribution of the celiac artery) is diverted to the liver via the portal venous system for further processing and detoxification in the liver before returning to the systemic circulation via the hepatic veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means, obviously, that there can be no substitute for full exposure of the extra-hepatic element of the so-called "triad" and of the accessory structure - which may be arteries, veins, or ducts, or these in combination. (anatomyatlases.org)
  • It includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. (icdlist.com)
  • People with a celiac artery blockage experience abdominal pain that can last for several months. (reference.com)
  • Additional symptoms of a compressed celiac artery include weight loss and abdominal pain following meals, explains Baylor College of Medicine. (reference.com)
  • In this symptom, the celiac artery is compressed due to any reason, which leads to severe abdominal pain and weight loss. (healthgala.info)
  • Fox, Traci B. 2018-06-01 00:00:00 A 52-year-old male with no history of vascular disease presented with a celiac artery aneurysm. (deepdyve.com)
  • Ultrasound was used to localize the lesion and surrounding reaction as well as to determine its relationship with the celiac artery, but inadequate Doppler settings hindered the diagnosis of its vascular nature. (avmi.net)
  • An international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial investigating the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban to reduce the risk of major thrombotic vascular events in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease undergoing lower extremity revascularization procedures. (stanford.edu)
  • Case 1 had replacement of the celiac and common hepatic arteries using a knitted Dacron prosthetic graft, and case 2 had simple aneurysmectomy. (scirp.org)
  • The arteries of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions. (statemaster.com)
  • It then descends in the interval between the greater trochanter of the femur and tuberosity of the ischium , accompanied by the sciatic and posterior femoral cutaneous nerves, and covered by the Glutæus maximus, and is continued down the back of the thigh, supplying the skin, and anastomosing with branches of the perforating arteries. (statemaster.com)
  • A left retroperitoneal approach via the 8th intercostal space was performed and the left common femoral artery and vein were cannulated. (ctsnet.org)
  • Mild atherosclerotic disease of the right superficial femoral artery. (osirix-viewer.com)
  • Sleisenger ( Ann Intern Med 86:355-356, 1977) recently emphasized the occurrence of celiac-artery compression in 12% to 49% of asymptomatic persons and suggested that there may be other underlying causes to explain the pain in these patients. (annals.org)
  • There's no cure for celiac disease, so researchers say patients should continue to maintain a gluten-free lifestyle and receive regular testing for CAD. (prevention.com)
  • Background: There is ample evidence to show that supervised exercise is efficacious and cost effective for improving claudication symptoms in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). (stanford.edu)
  • Celiac Disease Diagnosis in Patients With Weakly Positive Serum Anti-Transglutaminase: Duodenal Anti-Endomysium Assay. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Other patients may have functional hyposplenism secondary to a variety of systemic diseases ranging from celiac disease to hemoglobinopathies. (aafp.org)
  • Thus it cannot be safely ligated in a living person, and obstruction of the celiac artery will lead to necrosis of the structures it supplies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigations revealed obstruction of the celiac artery by artheromatous plaque. (bvsalud.org)
  • Harjola PT (1963) A rare obstruction of the celiac artery. (springer.com)