Celastraceae: A plant family of the order Celastrales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Maytenus: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE.Euonymus: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE.Salacia: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE. Members contain friedelane-type TRITERPENES and SESQUITERPENES, EUDESMANE.Tripterygium: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.TriterpenesPlant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Zygophyllaceae: A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida which is a small family of small trees and shrubs growing in arid and warm regions.Saururaceae: A plant family of the order Piperales, subclass Magnoliidae class Magnoliopsida. Members contain sauristolactam, and aristololactam BII.Guaiacum: A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. GUAIAC is obtained from G. officinale or G. sanctum. Some species in this genus are called lignum vitae which is also a common name for other trees.MissouriThailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Dictionaries, MedicalWetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Rhizome: Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.Typhaceae: A plant family of the order Typhales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons) that contains a single genus, Typha, that grows worldwide.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Plant Dormancy: The state of failure to initiate and complete the process of growth, reproduction, or gemination of otherwise normal plants or vegetative structures thereof.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.MuseumsTexasMichiganMexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Polygalaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Costa RicaIridaceae: A monocot plant family of the Liliopsida class. It is classified by some in the Liliales order and some in the Asparagales order.NicaraguaMexicoHondurasBrazilEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy: Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Sulfurtransferases: Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.BerlinStevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.

Anti-trypanosomal activity of pentacyclic triterpenes isolated from Austroplenckia populnea (Celastraceae). (1/16)

Four pentacyclic triterpenes isolated from Austroplenckia populnea and four compounds of known anti T. cruzi or anti-malarial activity were tested. Of those triterpenes tested 20alpha-hydroxy-tingenone showed high activity, epikatonic acid was less active, while populnilic and populninic acids were inactive against the trypanosome of the subgenus Schizotrypanum tested. Benzonidazole, nifurtimox, ketoconazole and primaquine presented a remarkable dose-dependent inhibitory effect reaching practically to a total growth inhibition of the parasite at the end of incubation time. The trypanosome tested appear to be a suitable model for preliminary screen for anti T. (S.) cruzi compounds.  (+info)

Excretion and detection of cathinone, cathine, and phenylpropanolamine in urine after kath chewing. (2/16)

INTRODUCTION: The stimulating herbal drug kath is uncommon in most countries, and information on its detection and interpretation of analytical results is limited. Therefore, a study with kath was carried out to compare the efficiencies of different analytical techniques used to detect drug use. METHODS: Four volunteers chewed kath leaves for 1 h; urine samples were collected up to 80 h afterward and analyzed by the Abbott fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA), the Mahsan-AMP(300) on-site immunoassay, the Bio-Rad Remedi HS HPLC system with photodiode array detection (DAD), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). RESULTS: FPIA gave negative results, whereas positive results were obtained with the Mahsan test during the first day. With HPLC, one peak could be observed up to 50 h, but its DAD spectrum could not be identified by the system. Further investigations indicated that the kath alkaloids coeluted and produced a mixed DAD spectrum. With GC-MS, the specific kath ingredient cathinone was detected up to 26 h, whereas cathine and norephedrine were still detectable in the last samples. Maximum concentrations of cathinone, cathine, and norephedrine in urine samples from the study were 2.5, 20, and 30 mg/L, respectively, whereas in authentic cases the concentrations were much higher. CONCLUSION: GC-MS is superior to the screening techniques Mahsan-AMP(300) and Remedi with respect to specificity and sensitivity for the detection of kath use in urine.  (+info)

Adverse pregnancy outcome in rats following exposure to a Salacia reticulata (Celastraceae) root extract. (3/16)

The root extract of Salacia reticulata Wight (family: Celastraceae) is used in Sri Lanka by traditional practitioners as a herbal therapy for glycemic control even during pregnancy. It is recognized that some clinically used antidiabetic drugs have harmful effects on pregnancy but the effects of the S. reticulata root extract on reproductive outcome is unknown and deserves examination. We determined the effects of the S. reticulata root extract on the reproductive outcome of Wistar rats (250-260 g) when administered orally (10 g/kg) during early (days 1-7) and mid- (days 7-14) pregnancy. The root extract significantly (P<0.05) enhanced post-implantation losses (control vs treatment: early pregnancy, 4.7 2.4 vs 49.3 13%; mid-pregnancy, 4.7 2.4 vs 41.7 16.1%). Gestational length was unaltered but the pups born had a low birth weight (P<0.05) (early pregnancy, 6.8 0.1 vs 5.3 0.1 g; mid-pregnancy, 6.8 0.1 vs 5.0 0.1 g) and low birth index (P<0.05) (early pregnancy, 95.2 2.4 vs 50.7 12.9%; mid-pregnancy, 95.2 2.4 vs 58.3 16.1%), fetal survival ratio (P<0.05) (early pregnancy, 95.2 2.4 vs 50.7 12.9; mid-pregnancy, 95.2 2.4 vs 58.3 16.1), and viability index (P<0.05) (early pregnancy, 94.9 2.6 vs 49.5 12.5%; mid-pregnancy, 94.9 2.6 vs 57.1 16.1%). However, the root extract was non-teratogenic. We conclude that the S. reticulata root extract can be hazardous to successful pregnancy in women and should not be used in pregnancy complicated by diabetes.  (+info)

Additions to the hyphomycete genus Veronaea as phytoparasitic species. (4/16)

Three new species of Veronaea, V. ficina on Ficus hispida L. (Moraceae), V. grewiicola on Grewia asiatica L. (Tiliaceae), and V. hippocratiae on Hippocratia arborea Willd. (Celastraceae), collected from forests of Nepal and the Terai belt of North-Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India, are described, illustrated and compared with related taxa.  (+info)

Celastraceae sesquiterpenes as a new class of modulators that bind specifically to human P-glycoprotein and reverse cellular multidrug resistance. (5/16)

Overexpression of ABCB1 (MDR1) P-glycoprotein, a multidrug efflux pump, is one mechanism by which tumor cells may develop multidrug resistance (MDR), preventing the successful chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. Sesquiterpenes from Celastraceae family are natural compounds shown previously to reverse MDR in several human cancer cell lines and Leishmania strains. However, their molecular mechanism of reversion has not been characterized. In the present work, we have studied the ability of 28 dihydro-beta-agarofuran sesquiterpenes to reverse the P-glycoprotein-dependent MDR phenotype and elucidated their molecular mechanism of action. Cytotoxicity assays using human MDR1-transfected NIH-3T3 cells allowed us to select the most potent sesquiterpenes reversing the in vitro resistance to daunomycin and vinblastine. Flow cytometry experiments showed that the above active compounds specifically inhibited drug transport activity of P-glycoprotein in a saturable, concentration-dependent manner (K(i) down to 0.24 +/- 0.01 micromol/L) but not that of ABCC1 (multidrug resistance protein 1; MRP1), ABCC2 (MRP2), and ABCG2 (breast cancer resistance protein; BCRP) transporters. Moreover, sesquiterpenes inhibited at submicromolar concentrations the P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of [(3)H]colchicine and tetramethylrosamine in plasma membrane from CH(R)B30 cells and P-glycoprotein-enriched proteoliposomes, supporting that P-glycoprotein is their molecular target. Photoaffinity labeling in plasma membrane and fluorescence spectroscopy experiments with purified protein suggested that sesquiterpenes interact with transmembrane domains of P-glycoprotein. Finally, sesquiterpenes modulated P-glycoprotein ATPase-activity in a biphasic, concentration-dependent manner: they stimulated at very low concentrations but inhibited ATPase activity as noncompetitive inhibitors at higher concentrations. Sesquiterpenes from Celastraceae are promising P-glycoprotein modulators with potential applications in cancer chemotherapy because of their MDR reversal potency and specificity for P-glycoprotein.  (+info)

Population genetic structure of Monimopetalum chinense (Celastraceae), an endangered endemic species of eastern China. (6/16)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Monimopetalum chinense (Celastraceae) standing for the monotypic genus is endemic to eastern China. Its conservation status is vulnerable as most populations are small and isolated. Monimopetalum chinense is capable of reproducing both sexually and asexually. The aim of this study was to understand the genetic structure of M. chinense and to suggest conservation strategies. METHODS: One hundred and ninety individuals from ten populations sampled from the entire distribution area of M. chinense were investigated by using inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR). KEY RESULTS: A total of 110 different ISSR bands were generated using ten primers. Low levels of genetic variation were revealed both at the species level (Isp=0.183) and at the population level (Ipop=0.083). High clonal diversity (D = 0.997) was found, and strong genetic differentiation among populations was detected (49.06 %). CONCLUSIONS: Small population size, possible inbreeding, limited gene flow due to short distances of seed dispersal, fragmentation of the once continuous range and subsequent genetic drift, may have contributed to shaping the population genetic structure of the species.  (+info)

Successful seed germination of the nickel hyperaccumulator Stackhousia tryonii. (7/16)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Stackhousia tryonii, a rare nickel hyperaccumulating herb, is endemic to ultramafic (serpentine) soils of central Queensland, Australia. The effects of eight dormancy-relieving treatments on germination of stored seeds of Stackhousia tryonii were investigated under controlled light and temperature conditions. * METHODS: The treatments were: untreated (control i), leached and dehydrated (primed control ii), treating with gibberellic acid (150 and 300 microM), smoke extract (5 and 10 %, v/v) and potassium cyanide (40 and 80 mM). * KEY RESULTS: Freshly harvested seeds did not germinate. Germination percentage increased with time of storage for up to 18 months (38.3 %). Gibberellin, smoke extract and cyanide treatments did not significantly improve germination. Light did not affect seed germination and there was no interaction between dormancy-relieving treatments and light. A significant inhibition of germination occurred in seeds treated with 5 % (but not 10 %) aqueous smoke extract. Saturated fatty acids, predominantly tridecanoic (C13:0), constituted about 90 % of the total fatty acids in the oil of freshly harvested seeds. In contrast, there was increased accumulation (>75 %) of mono-unsaturated (oleic, c18:1) and poly-unsaturated (linoleic, c18:2; linolenic, c18:3) fatty acids in the oil of stored seeds. * CONCLUSIONS: Seeds of S. tryonii require an after-ripening period for germination.  (+info)

Insights into the molecular mechanism of action of Celastraceae sesquiterpenes as specific, non-transported inhibitors of human P-glycoprotein. (8/16)

Dihydro-beta-agarofuran sesquiterpenes from Celastraceae have been recently shown to bind to human P-glycoprotein (Pgp), functioning as specific, mixed-type inhibitors of its drug transport activity, as well as multidrug resistance (MDR) modulators in vitro. However, nothing is known about whether such compounds are themselves transported by Pgp, or whether they affect Pgp expression as well as its activity, or about the location of their binding site within the protein. We performed transport experiments with a newly synthesized fluorescent sesquiterpene derivative, which retains the anti-Pgp activity of its natural precursor. This probe was poorly transported by Pgp, MRP1, MRP2 and BCRP transporters, compared with classical MDR substrates. Moreover, Pgp did not confer cross-resistance to the most potent dihydro-beta-agarofurans, which did not affect Pgp expression levels in several MDR cell lines. Finally, we observed competitive and non-competitive interactions between one of such dihydro-beta-agarofurans (Mama12) and classical Pgp modulators such as cyclosporin A, verapamil, progesterone, vinblastine and GF120918. These findings suggest that multidrug ABC transporters do not confer resistance to dihydro-beta-agarofurans and could not affect their absorption and biodistribution in the body. Moreover, we mapped their binding site(s) within Pgp, which may prove useful for the rational design of improved modulators based on the structure of dihydro-beta-agarofurans.  (+info)

Definition of family celastraceae in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of family celastraceae. What does family celastraceae mean? Information and translations of family celastraceae in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Ulloa Ulloa, C., P. Acevedo-Rodríguez, S. G. Beck, M. J. Belgrano, R. Bernal, P. E. Berry, L. Brako, M. Celis, G. Davidse, S. R. Gradstein, O. Hokche, B. León, S. León-Yánez, R. E. Magill, D. A. Neill, M. H. Nee, P. H. Raven, Stimmel, M. T. Strong, J. L. Villaseñor Ríos, J. L. Zarucchi, F. O. Zuloaga & P. M. Jørgensen. 2017. An integrated assessment of vascular plants species of the Americas. Science 358: 1614-1617, f. 1-4 ...
Parnassiaceae Gray are a family of flowering plants in the eudicot order Celastrales. It is not recognized in the APG III system of plant classification. When that system was published in 2009, Parnassiaceae were treated as a segregate of an expanded Celastraceae. Parnassiaceae have only two genera, Lepuropetalon and Parnassia. Lepuropetalon has only one species, Lepuropetalon spathulatum, a winter annual that usually prefers sandy soil. It is one of the smallest of flowering plants, up to 2 cm tall. Lepuropetalon has a disjunct distribution, being known from the southeastern United States and central Chile, but is probably far more common than has been reported. Parnassia is a genus of perennial herbs, up to 60 cm tall, that grow in bogs, marshes, and other wet areas, mostly in cool to cold climates of the north temperate zone. There are at least 70 species. Sixty-three species occur in China and 49 of these occur nowhere else. A second area of diversity for Parnassia is North America and about ...
The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects represents the latest global set of demographic estimates and projections prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. It displays key demographic indicators for selected periods or dates from 1950 to 2100, for the world, development groups, regions, subregions, and countries or areas with more than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017. For countries or areas with fewer than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017, only figures related to population size and growth are provided. The estimates and projections contained in this revision cover a 150-year time horizon, which can be subdivided into estimates (1950 2015) and projections (2015-2100). A sample set of summary indicators are provided as part of UNdata. More detailed data by age and sex are available from the Population Divisions website. Citation: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017). World ...
The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects represents the latest global set of demographic estimates and projections prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. It displays key demographic indicators for selected periods or dates from 1950 to 2100, for the world, development groups, regions, subregions, and countries or areas with more than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017. For countries or areas with fewer than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017, only figures related to population size and growth are provided. The estimates and projections contained in this revision cover a 150-year time horizon, which can be subdivided into estimates (1950 2015) and projections (2015-2100). A sample set of summary indicators are provided as part of UNdata. More detailed data by age and sex are available from the Population Divisions website. Citation: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017). World ...
The trees of kath Indian gooseberry are found on the mountains. Its leaves are in series. Its fruits are like Indian gooseberry. kath Indian gooseberry is green.
Its Shrove Tuesday and very occasionally when Kath the 1930s scullery maid behaves herself, shes allowed to cook for the staff at Blickling Hall...
Monday came. Dads condition wasnt getting any better despite being pumped in with Oxynorm, a strong painkiller. He spent far less time talking and used gestures instead. He could still feel the pain, and it had made him very drowsy. Surprisingly, he was aware of his surroundings. He gathered his strength and told me to get in touch with a few people; he also gestured that he wanted someone to pray for him daily. We did what he had wanted. That night, it was Dans turn to keep a night watch on dad. Mom, Kath and I were at the hospital first that evening. Both Mom and Kath were at his flanks. Sensing their presence, dad pulled Moms hand to his chest, then he took Kaths hands as well and pulled them closer. It was a final non-verbal message from him to advise both Mom and Kath to be good to each other, as he knew that both of them are always at loggerheads. It was a touching moment. We comforted him, we told him it was alright if he left us, and he could go in peace. Dan came in later, missing ...
Its good to see that Katherine has someone for intimate times. We all have those needs, after all. However, I do agree, and kinda miss the old Wapsi Square, which was mainly slice of life with a dash of supernatural, and less of a Monster High knock-off. However, a lot of the new characters do hold my interest. Its not what it was, but its still entertaining for me!. ...
our friend kath filmed the AC/DC covers set that we played at the studio seven party the other night. here are a couple of the songs we played and a bunch of cuts from highway to hell (i think she was having camera trouble at that point - but it looks kinda fun ...
Systematics Section. Simmons, Mark P. [1], Coughenour, Jennifer M. [1], Lombardi, Julio A. [2], Yakobson, Kendra [1], Archer, Robert H. [3]. Phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamily Hippocrateoideae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes.. The phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamily Hippocrateoideae (~100 species and 19 genera in the Old and New World tropics) was inferred using morphological characters together with plastid (matK, trnL-F) and nuclear (ITS and 26S rDNA) genes. The subfamily is easily recognized by the two synapomorphies of having transversely flattened, deeply lobed capsules and seeds with membranous basal wings or narrow stipes together with bisexual, 5-merous flowers that generally have an extrastaminal disk and three stamens. Hippocrateoideae, like Salacioideae, are inferred to have an Old World origin. The narrow stipes of Neotropical species that are water-dispersed are inferred to be derived within the subfamily from ancestral species with ...
The effect of khat (Catha edulis Forsk., family Celastraceae), a plant used for its stimulant effects in eastern Africa and southern Arabia, has until recently been attributed to the pharmacological action of d-norpseudoephedrine, also known as cathine. The isolation in 1975 of cathinone revived an earlier suggestion that the fresh leaves contained a substance more potent than cathine. The pharmacological assays reported on in this paper appear to confirm the higher stimulant capacity of cathinone. This substance produces qualitatively similar locomotor stimulation in mice and comparable stereotypy in rats as amphetamine does, although it is approximately half as active. The results obtained after pre-treatment with reserpine or alpha-methyl- p-tyrosine, which interfere with the catecholamine system, strongly suggest that cathinone interacts with brain catecholamines by an indirect mechanism and, most probably, by affecting neurotransmitter release of the labile pool.
BACKGROUND: Microbial infections and resulting inflammation and oxidative stress are common pathogenesis of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders. In South Africa, several species of the genus Maytenus are used in traditional medicine to treat various infectious diseases. Most of the previous work on this genus was focused on nonpolar extracts from the root and bark. In this study, leaf extracts of polar extracts of Maytenus peduncularis, Maytenus procumbens, Maytenus senegalensis and Maytenus undata were evaluated for antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities to determine their efficacy as therapeutic agents in GIT disorders. METHODS: Phenolic-enriched leaf extracts and fractions were prepared by extracting with acidified 70% methanol and solvent-solvent fractionation. The activities of the fractions against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis as well as clinical isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans and ...
Background: Erectile dysfunction is the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual intercourse. Many plants extracts are traditionally used to improve sexual performance in the world and Uganda in particular. Citropsis articulata (Rutaceae) locally known as Omuboro/Akatimbolo is prepared as an infusion for men in management of erectile dysfunction in western part of Uganda. M. aethiopicum (Celastraceae) commonly known as spike thorn and locally as Esasi is used for the management of helminthosis, erectile dysfunction, Black water in sheep and magic portion to keep communities together. Despite the wide use of C. articulata and M. aethiopicum by communities around the world, there is inadequate scientific information available on the actual pharmacological effects of aqueous leaves extracts on sex hormones, their safety profile and phytochemical composition. Study Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the androgenic effects of crude ...
Looking for euonymuses? Find out information about euonymuses. : see staff tree staff tree, common name for some temperate members of the Celastraceae, a family of trees and shrubs , widely distributed except in polar... Explanation of euonymuses
Kath & Kim is a satirical Australian television series shown on the ABC network. The series began in 2002, and is has so far aired four seasons and a TV movie. The show was created and written by Jane Turner and Gina Riley, who play the title roles.. The main characters are: Kath, an empty nester divorcee who wants to enjoy time with her "hunk of spunk" Kel, a local butcher, but whose lifestyle is often cramped by the presence of her self-indulgent twenty-something daughter Kim, along with Kims husband Brett and her "second best friend" Sharon.. ...
By Kath Dedon a People are often nervous about roasting an expensive Rib Eye Roast. Although Ive roasted many beef roasts, I admit that I always research different ways to do it every time. Even though its actually very easy. This time I settled on the method from
I was brought up in a Christian family. It was such a blessing, although you dont always realise that at the time. Sometimes you think youre restricted and
Export Data And Price Of Salacia Reticulata , www.eximpulse.com Eximpulse Services is the place where you can find the recent and updated Trade intelligence report of Salacia Reticulata Export Data. Whole information is based on updated Export shipment data of Indian Customs. All the compilation is done on the basis of All India ports data and has been done on daily basis. This helps you to get all India Salacia Reticulata Export data. You can find previous two days Salacia Reticulata Export data on Eximpulse Services. Salacia Reticulata Export data can be useful in different kind of analysis such as: Export price, Quantity, market scenarios, Price trends, Duty optimization and many more. Some Sample Shipment records for Salacia Reticulata Export Data of India are mentioned above. Further for Free sample and pricing of detailed reports contact on [email protected] Data post 2012 as per Notification No.18/2012 - Customs(N.T.) and does not have names of Indian companies and Foreign ...
Salacia Oblonga / Salacia Reticulata , Find Complete Details about Salacia Oblonga / Salacia Reticulata,Salacia Diabetes from Slimming Tea Supplier or Manufacturer-H.BILAL & CO
Abstract:. Celastrus paniculatus - Willd belonging to the family Celastraceae is a vulnerable medicinal plant in India. It has been employed as a stimulant, nervine tonic, rejuvenant, sedative, tranquilizer and diuretic. It is also used in the treatment of leprosy, leucoderma, rheumatism, gout, paralysis and asthma. Because of its high pharmaceutical application, this plant species were over exploited and now considered under threatened species. So the highlight of the present investigation is the induction of callus by using different concentration of various phytohormones such as 2, 4-D (0.5 - 3.0 mg/l) and NAA (0.5 - 2.5 mg/l). In order to ensure the presence of the bioactive compounds preliminary phytochemical screening of the various extracts of callus were performed. Finally elicitation of total phenolics were done in callus cell suspension cultures by using elicitors such as jasmonic acid, salicylic acid and copper sulphate. Among the applied elicitors jasmonic acid showed superiority. To ...
Catha edulis Forssk belongs to the Celastraceae family and, a neighbouring species of the Evonymus, it is the sole representative of the genus Catha. The Swedish botanist Forsskal, the explorer of lower Egypt and Arabia, was the first to mention this plant, which he called gat or khat. His description of it was published posthumously in 1775 in his Flora aegyptico-arabica 8
Moth larvae brought in to the Plant Protection & Weed Management (PP&WM) Section insect diagnostic laboratory by a concerned homeowner have been identified as Pryeria sinica. In April and May of both 2001 and 2002, a homeowner in the City of Fairfax, Fairfax County, Virginia, noticed a large infestation of larvae on her ornamental Euonymus (Celastraceae); the larvae were causing significant defoliation of the plants. In May 2002, several larval specimens were sent to the Insect Identification Lab, Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, Virginia for identification. The entomologist there (Eric Day) reared the larvae to adults, which emerged in November. Additional adults were collected at the Fairfax site in December 2002 and submitted to the Insect Identification Lab. Eric forwarded the adults to John Brown at the USDA Systematic Entomological Laboratory (SEL) in March 2003. Based on the available literature, comparison with specimens in the collection of the National ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superrosids • Cladus: rosids • Cladus: eurosids I • Cladus: COM • Ordo: Celastrales • Familia: Celastraceae • Genus: Euonymus • Subgenus: Euonymus subg. Euonymus • Sectio: Euonymus sect. Euonymus • Series: Euonymus ser. Euonymus • Species: Euonymus hamiltonianus Wall. ex Roxb. (1762) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Orally administered Salacia reticulata extract reduces H1N1 influenza clinical symptoms in murine lung tissues putatively due to enhanced natural killer cell activity. AU - Romero-Pérez, Gustavo A.. AU - Egashira, Masayo. AU - Harada, Yuri. AU - Tsuruta, Takeshi. AU - Oda, Yuriko. AU - Ueda, Fumitaka. AU - Tsukahara, Takamitsu. AU - Tsukamoto, Yasuhiro. AU - Inoue, Ryo. PY - 2016/3/31. Y1 - 2016/3/31. N2 - Influenza is a major cause of respiratory tract infection. Although most cases do not require further hospitalization, influenza periodically causes epidemics in humans that can potentially infect and kill millions of people. To countermeasure this threat, new vaccines need to be developed annually to match emerging influenza viral strains with increased resistance to existing vaccines. Thus, there is a need for finding and developing new anti-influenza viral agents as alternatives to current treatments. Here, we tested the antiviral effects of an extract from the stems and ...
We noticed these Yellow Candles (also known as Winged Stackhousia; Tripterococcus brunonis) while walking along the Cape to Cape Track in the southwest corner of Western Australia last week. The plant is a perennial herb and has distinctive winged fruit later in the season. It reportedly grows from about Geraldton to Esperance, including inland to…
This image shows the new longhorn beetle subspecies [I]Saperda populnea lapponica[/I] (bottom) and its closely related previously known subspecies [I]Saperda populnea populnea[/I] (top).
West End Local History: Bringing back the Banner Film and talk telling the story of the recent project to restore the Burradon Colliery banner Speaker: Kath Smith from Remembering the Past: Resourcing the Future
Sam: A Familys Journey Through a Childs Chronic Illness is a Biography Paperback by Kath Henry. Sam: A Familys Journey Through a Childs Chronic Illness is about BIOGRAPHY BIOGRAPHIES,CHRONIC ILLNESS. Purchase this Paperback product online from koorong.com | ID 9780992325862
Thursdays Kath Chelsea and producer Liz decided to pay homage to The Block this week the only way they know how (and also because we had no Lego) - an Origami-off! Who won? I am personally not biased. at all. Im definitely a fan of their creations. That was meant to be a pun.. ...
At the Speed of Life A New Approach to Personal Change Through Body-Centered Therapy By Gay and Kathlyn Hendricks, Ph.Ds Bantam Books, 1993 Gay and Kath...
Leaps and Bounds , Germane Literature , Seasons Pick , Annotate your copy CELASTRACEAE. A botanically promising site at ca. 200 m elevation along the Río Blanco, in the Pacific-slope foothills of the Cordillera de Guanacaste northeast of Bagaces, has already paid big dividends (see also under Polygalaceae, this column). The site was pioneered by José Esteban Jiménez (see under Iridaceae, this column), whose first intriguing find (J. E. Jiménez 989, INB) has now been identified as Wimmeria pubescens Radlk., a country record (previously known from southern Mexico to Nicaragua). This shrub or treelet may be distinguished from Wimmeria bartlettii Lundell and W. sternii Lundell, its only congeners in Costa Rica (both themselves rarely collected), by its puberulent (vs. glabrous) twigs, much smaller (0.6-1.6 × 2-3 cm, vs. 1.5-3.5 × 3.5-8 cm), obovate (vs. elliptic to lanceolate), subentire to indistinctly crenulate (vs. crenulate-serrulate to distinctly serrate) leaf-blades, and much smaller ...
Kath Libbert Jewellery Gallery specialises in contemporary jewellery including wedding and engagement rings, necklaces, earrings, cufflinks, brooches and tiaras. Kath Libbert Jewellery Gallery also hosts several major selling exhibitions every year featuring the work of International and British jewellers, as well as an annual alternative wedding show. Commissions welcome
RUTH MYORS | Sydney Morning Herald KATH DONOVAN, who has died aged 83, arrived in Balimo in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea in June 1966 to do medical work among the Gogodala tribespeople. She was appointed to a...
When we started talking about a Christmas Caribbean vacation back in the summer, I began to research resorts and prices. While our budget wasnt huge, we also did not want to risk going anywhere really inexpensive (you get what you pay for, right?) or under-reviewed where we might leave disappointed. We wanted something all-inclusive, well-traveled and very tropical island-y where we could just sit on the beach and read. After some preliminary research, I was shocked to find how much many of the trips cost (super expensive flights included.) I knew going Christmas week was going to be at a premium, but since it was our only week of the year to travel, I didnt realize it would be that much. At this point we decided not to go - it was just too much money for one week.. A month later the trip was still on my mind, and a bit more searching of different islands led to me to discover that flights to Jamaica were much less than the surrounding smaller islands. Couples came up as one of the top resorts ...
We went from 70* and sunny to stormy and chilled. Cold front is on the waaaaaaay!. Ive been to Body Pump, the bakery and on two conference calls this afternoon. I was absolutely famished after pump! My stomach started growling during class, which shouldnt be the case after a normal filling breakfast. Even a cereal one. I think I have elevated hunger-hormone ghrelin levels from sleep deprivation - either that or the baby is hungry from all the ultrasound wiggling! ...
BioAssay record AID 150617 submitted by ChEMBL: Concentration required for 50% inhibition (racemic) at binding site of human P-Glycoprotein (P-gp) in one-affinity model.
Community rallies to help Brendan - WILMINGTON- A benefit held at North Star Bowl last night raised more than $4 400 for Brendan Robinson who at age 12 is battling brain cancer for the second time in his life. Although Brendan and his parents Kath...
Translatable Version includes BONUS content. Acknowledgements: Thank you to Dàrsaidh for the lovely sonnet and for taking on the challenge of writing in Ians voice. And, of course, hugs and kisses for Team Ian for allowing me to use their wonderful art again (and again): Covadonga Vega, Isa, Riet, and Ingrid. Thanks also to Kath Powell for lending me your artistic…
A new cardenolide, 12 beta, 14 beta-dihydroxy-3 beta, 19-epoxy-3 alpha-methoxy-5 alpha-card-20(22)-enolide (6), and a new doubly linked cardenolide glycoside, 12 beta-hydroxycalotropin (13), together with eleven known compounds, coroglaucigenin (1), 12 beta-hydroxycoroglaucigenin (2), calotropagenin (3), desglucouzarin (4), 6-O-feruloyl-desglucouzarin (5), calotropin (7), uscharidin (8), asclepin (9), 16 alpha-hydroxyasclepin (10), 16 alpha-acetoxycalotropin (11), and 16 alpha-acetoxyasclepin (12), were isolated from the aerial part of ornamental milkweed, Asclepias curassavica and chemically elucidated through spectral analyses. All the isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against HepG2 and Raji cell lines. The results showed that asclepin (9) had the strongest cytotoxic activity with an IC(50) value of 0.02 mu M against the two cancer cell lines and the new compound 13 had significant cytotoxic activity with IC(50) values of 0.69 and 1.46 mu M, respectively. (C) 2009 Elsevier ...
FreeDownloadMp3 - Liane Foly free mp3 (wav) for download! Newest Liane Foly ringtones. Collection of Liane Foly albums in mp3 archive.
The same midwife as the night before was back in the morning, her name was Katherine. She organised the Syntocinon (a synthetic form of the hormone oxytocin) drip ready for me and we waited a little bit for the go ahead from the doctor.At about 10am she started me on a low dose and gradually built it up over time, so as to reduce the likelihood of me screaming for pain relief! I started off on the bed with all the monitors on, but Kath said I could get up and move around whenever I wanted. I rode them out for quite a while. At 12 midday I had an internal I was 2-3cm dilated. I was offered gas but wasnt in so much pain that I thought I couldnt handle it and was worried that it might got a lot worse, so I held out. Kath thought I had a high pain threshold - whoopee for me!I sat up on the edge of the bed for a little bit, Paul sat facing me on a stool and I would lean onto him when the contractions kicked in. Unfortunately every time I did lean forward the babies heartbeat would slow, not sure if ...
The same midwife as the night before was back in the morning, her name was Katherine. She organised the Syntocinon (a synthetic form of the hormone oxytocin) drip ready for me and we waited a little bit for the go ahead from the doctor.At about 10am she started me on a low dose and gradually built it up over time, so as to reduce the likelihood of me screaming for pain relief! I started off on the bed with all the monitors on, but Kath said I could get up and move around whenever I wanted. I rode them out for quite a while. At 12 midday I had an internal I was 2-3cm dilated. I was offered gas but wasnt in so much pain that I thought I couldnt handle it and was worried that it might got a lot worse, so I held out. Kath thought I had a high pain threshold - whoopee for me!I sat up on the edge of the bed for a little bit, Paul sat facing me on a stool and I would lean onto him when the contractions kicked in. Unfortunately every time I did lean forward the babies heartbeat would slow, not sure if ...
Testing the Enemies Hypothesis in Peach Orchards in Two Different Geographic Areas in Eastern China: The Role of Ground Cover Vegetation. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Pediatrician Oncologist, Dr. Vivian Paintsil, has expressed deep worry about the rising cases of cancer among children. She did not give any figures but said the number of patients, doctors at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) - the nations second largest referral facility, continued to see, was discomforting. She told the Ghana News Agency…
The ethyl acetate partition of dried methanolic extract of aerial parts of Euphorbia microsciadia (Euphorbiaceae) afforded three pentacyclic triterpenes, betulinic acid (1) from lupane type, oleanolic acid (2) from oleane type and ursolic acid (3) from ursane type triterpenes that are reported for the first time in this plant. These three compounds were structurally compared through their mass fragmentation pattern, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data and their biologic immunomodulatory effects. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by 13C- and 1H-NMR as well as 2D-NMR, IR and by the aid of mass fragmentation pattern and comparing with the literature. After running T-Cell proliferation assay, oleanolic acid stimulated proliferation of T-Cells at lower concentration 0.5 µg/mL, while betulinic acid and ursolic acid showed inhibitory activity against T-Cell proliferation with IC50- value | 50 µg/mL and 3.01 ± 0.47 µg/mL, respectively.
Pentacyclic Triterpenes: Five-ring derivatives of dammarane having a chair-chair-chair-boat configuration. They include the lupanes, oleananes, amyrins, GLYCYRRHIZIC ACID, and soyasaponins.
This report is the 1st edition of the market research for argon in Russia.. The purpose of the study is to analyze the market of argon.. The object of investigation is argon (gaseous and liquid).. This report is a desk study. As sources of information, data from the Federal Service of State Statistics of the Russian Federation (Rosstat), the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation (FCS of the Russian Federation), customs statistics and statistics of railway transportation of the Russian Federation, the UNdata base were used.. The data of the sectoral and regional press, annual and quarterly reports of securities issuers, Internet sites of manufacturing enterprises and consumers of argon were also attracted; The InfoMine database was used; Conference materials.. The main chronological scope of the study: 2008-2016; Forecast - until 2025.. Geography of the research: Russia.. Scope of the study: the report consists of 9 parts, contains 64 pages, including 26 tables, 20 figures, 1 ...
Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, affecting both men and women, especially for people with multiple partners. Types of food to prevent and treat Gonorrhea In the study, in vitro, the antimicrobial activity of the hexane extract (JCHE), methanol extract (JCME), and chloroform fraction (JCCF) of bark from …. ...
Bagworms are sneaky pests that can cause serious harm to trees and ornamental plants. The insects seem to prefer conifers, but they can be found on other species occasionally. Bagworms build a nest out of whatever materials are on the host tree, which means it blends into the plant. The larvae grow and feed inside the ...
Eventbrite - Nadene Hilt and Kath Alden presents Greenwich Ceilidh Supporting BRACE - Thursday, 30 March 2017 | Friday, 31 March 2017 at Trafalgar Tavern, London, England. Find event and ticket information.
Workers at an electrical products factory in eastern China received a pleasant shock when they returned to their jobs after the Chinese Lunar New Year holidays.
Алкат технология и эффективность изменения питания в соответствии с ней были подтверждены исследованиями таких университетов, как Йельская медицинская школа (1-3), Иллинойский университет (44), Бейлорский медицинский колледж (43) или Университет Павии (20-23). В научном досье задокументировано около 40 исследований. В двойных слепых валидационных исследованиях алкат тест показал очень точную аналитическую, а также клиническую чувствительность и специфичность. (1-6). Фирма Cell Science Systems GmbH (CSS) является эксклюзивным европейским дилером алкат теста на ...
PDF (Download) Rheumatoid Arthritis Date: 03-15-2018 HC# 091743-588 Yarnell E. Herbs for rheumatoid arthritis. Altern Complement Ther. August 2017;23(4):149-156. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a multifactorial progressive autoimmune disease, causes inflammation and hypertrophy in synovial tissue in joints, leading to joint tissue destruction. Treatment of RA includes a multicomponent regimen including herbs. Yarnell organizes herbs for RA by effects as follows: inflammation-modulating, immunomodulating, and "spicy relief." Miscellaneous Asian herbs and formulas and thunder duke vine (Tripterygium wilfordii, Celastraceae) also are covered in this review. Inflammation modulation, distinct from suppression, aims to lower inflammatory "tone," addressing RA causes, pathology, and symptoms. In the inflammation-modulating herbs studied in RA, omega-6 γ-linolenic acid (GLA)-rich seed oils from evening primrose (Oenothera biennis, Onagraceae), black currant (Ribes nigrum, Grossulariaceae), and borage ...
Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture containing, among other chemicals, pyridine alkaloids and N-nitrosamines. Carcinogenic tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), are both activated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 in rats. Previous reports indicate that nicotine and the main nicotine metabolite, cotinine, reduce the mutagenicity of both NNK and NDMA in Salmonella typhimurium. To study the mechanism of this effect, we examined inhibition of CYP 2E1 activity, as assessed by p-nitrophenol (pNP) hydroxylation, by nicotine, cotinine, and an aqueous cigarette tar extract (ACTE) in human 2E1-expressing microsomes. At all substrate concentrations (0-1.25 mM) nicotine was a significantly more potent inhibitor of CYP 2E1 activity compared to cotinine. Estimated Ki values for nicotine and cotinine (both at 10 mM) were 13 mM (2 mg/ml) and 308 mM (54 mg/ml) respectively. The Ki for ACTE was 0.2 mg/ml at a concentration of 0.32 mg/ml.
Cathinone. Molecular model of the drug cathinone (C9.H11.N.O), found in the shrub Catha edulis. Known as khat, the leaves of this plant are traditionally chewed for their stimulant effect. This is due to cathinone, which is a amphetamine-like monoamine alkaloid. Atoms are represented as spheres and are colour-coded: carbon (grey), hydrogen (white) and oxygen (red). - Stock Image C025/3651
In 2015, the program will continue to survey host trees within the regulated areas. Surveys are conducted year-round by specially trained federal, state and contracted ground survey crews and tree climbers. The program will also continue for a third year to apply pesticides in the regulated areas in Monroe and Stonelick/Batavia Townships. Repeating pesticide applications once a year for three consecutive years ensures that pesticide is adequately concentrated to protect the tree. The program will not apply pesticide treatments in Tate Township this year, as surveys and infested tree removals remain the priority, but will continue to evaluate the use of treatment applications annually. Infested tree removals will continue throughout the year as infested trees are detected, and high risk host tree removals will continue with the property owners permission. In addition, program staff will continue to monitor the regulated areas, respond to service calls, and conduct training sessions for ...
Described as a premier intellectual forum by the SCImago Journal & Country Rank (SJR), Neuron is one of the most widely-respected and influential journals in the neuroscience community.
... - 35% off Authentic Laura Ashley glasses frames, 50% off Lenses, Free Shipping. Highest Quality Lenses, A+ BBB rating since 1999, Satisfaction Guaranteed.
The death toll from the new strain of bird flu sickening people in eastern China has risen to five, the two latest deaths being reported in the commercial hub of Shanghai. Chinese officials and ...
A wonderfully wry tale about the pressure women put on themselves and one another to fit in, measure up and look glamorous while doing it. For fans of Liane Moriarty and Fiona Higgins.
An overwhelming majority of mothers attended ANC during their respective pregnancies. This is much higher than the national average of women accessing ANC services [7] with only 1.2% of babies delivered outside a health facility. Considering the fact that Kumasi is an urban area with the majority clients being resident in Kumasi, this is consistent with the high proportion of deliveries in urban centres being supervised [7]. Hospital delivery has been associated with timely vaccine uptake [21] although in this study, children delivered in health facilities other than KATH received some vaccines later and is consistent with similar findings in Burkina Faso [19]. Further evidence in this study is the observed association between delivery in KATH and receipt of immunisation services in the same facility. Despite this, some children delivered in KATH received the BCG and OPV 0 vaccines much later indicating missed opportunities for immunisation [10] and must be critically examined.. Generally, the ...
The wide spread branches of the tree are covered in venomous snails with extremely long tethered retractable dart-like projectiles. These snail migrate out to the overhanging branches and slowly descend using their tethers like a rappelling line. Should an animal make contact with these descending snails they are quickly stung with mild paralytic venom. Multiple strikes may be required to induce total paralysis, depending on the mass and metabolism of the target. The snails then migrate back up the tree trunk and out onto the branches to repeat the dangling behaviour. The paralyzed prey then gets swarmed by the carpet beetles dwelling in the detritus and tuft at the trees base. The beetle swarm quickly devours the still live prey, picking the bones clean and fertilizing the soil for the host tree. More prey is drawn to the smell of carrion, and a potential meal ...
You might remember that late last year I was invited back to produce and anchor an episode of No Limits on Channel 31. My dear friend Kath (director of the show) was interested in how blogging allows people with disabilities to have a voice, and she wanted me to discuss that ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Vinzent N Spetzler, Nicolas Goldaracena, Juan Echiverri, J Moritz Kaths, Kristine S Louis, Oyedele A Adeyi, Paul M Yip, David R Grant, Nazia Selzner, Markus Selzner].
March 29 - Eggs boiled and simmered in urine of virgin boys are a popular springtime snack in eastern China. Michaela Cabrera reports}
March 29 - Eggs boiled and simmered in urine of virgin boys are a popular springtime snack in eastern China. Michaela Cabrera reports}
Duboisia (Solanaceae), indigenous to Australia and New Caledonia, comprises three species; D. myoporoides R. Br., D. leichhardtii F. Muell and D. hopwoodii F. Muell. D. myoporoides is a tree with broad-lanceolate to obovate glabrous leaves 7.5 to 10 cm long and may grow 13 m tall. The flowers, are small, white, and bell-shaped with occasional mauve streakings in the throat of the corolla. The fruits is a small black globular berry about 0.5 cm in diameter. D. leichhardtii is much like D. myoporoides in general habit, though not so leafy. Its leaves are smaller and narrow, and its flowers a little larger. D. hopwoodii is a small shrub seldom exceeding 2.5 m in height with narrow lanceolate leaves which are smaller than those of D. leichhardtii (). Duboisia contains not only tropane alkaloids but also pyridine alkaloids; and this is the first plant found to contain both types of alkaloids. The main alkaloids in the leaves of D. myoporoides and D. leichhardtii are scopolamine and hyoscyamine, both ...
12. Salacia Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 159. 1771. 五层龙属 wu ceng long shu Authors: Hua Peng & Michele Funston Courondi Adanson.. Climbing or scrambling shrubs or small trees, glabrous or glabrescent; branchlets subterete, internode usually dilated or slightly flat. Leaves opposite to subopposite, rarely alternate, entire, crenate, or serrate, estipulate. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, thyrsoid, cymose, or fasciculate. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous. Disk fleshy, pulvinate or cupular, entire or lobed, extrastaminal. Stamens (2 or)3; anthers longitudinally, obliquely, or transversely dehiscent, extrorse or apical. Ovary (2 or)3-locular, whole or mostly concealed in disk; ovules axile, 2-9 per locule. Berry spheroid, fleshy or subligneous. Seeds 2-12, angular, exalbuminous, surrounded by mucilaginous arils.. About 200 species: chiefly in tropical regions; ten species (eight endemic) in China.. ...
Botanical Name: Abutilon indicum Common Name: Indian mallow, Country Mallow, Flowering Maples Sanskrit: Atibala, Ghanta, Shita, Shitapushpa, Vikantaka, Vatyapushpika, Vrishyagandha Tamil: Thuthi, Paniyarattuthi, Perunduthi Hindi: Kanghi, Kakahi Assamese: Jayavandha, Jayapateri Bengali: পোটারী Potari ,Badela Malayalam: Kurunthotti, Kurumthotti, Velluram, Pettaka Marathi: Chakrabhendi, Petari, Mudra Maharashtra: Peeli booti, karandi Telugu: Tuturabenda , duvvena Kayalu Oriya: Pedipidika Punjabi: Kangi, Kangibooti Rajasthan: Tara-Kanchi, Kanghi, Debi, Jhili, Itwari Urdu: Kanghi, Kangahi, Kakahiya, Kakahi, Beejband surkh, siyah Kannada: Shrimudrigida, Mudragida, Turube Kashmiri: Kath
Governor Quinn on Wednesday suspended the pay of lawmakers for their failure to pass pension reform. California tried this tactic in 2011 when the Controller claimed legislators didn't pass a balanced budget. But the court said, Not so fast. Ben Adler of Capital Public Radio explains how it went down there. Do you agree with the Governor's decision? (Flickr/aka Kath)
Toennes, S., Harder, S., Schramm, M., Niess, C. and Kauert, G. (2003). Pharmacokinetics of cathinone, cathine and norephedrine after the chewing of khat leaves. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 56(1), pp.125-130 ...
0028]Loropetalum chinense and Loropetalum chinense `NCI002` U.S. Plant Pat. No. 18,997 are well known in the industry and are comparable to `Shang-white` in that all have green foliage color and white blooms. However, there are many differences. The growth habit of `Shang-white` is dense and globose to 4 (1.2 m) tall compared to the parent variety which is a much taller grower with an upright spreading habit. The cultivar `NCI002` has a shorter, more broad growth habit than `Shang-white`. In addition, the new growth of `NCI002` has a greyed-orange tint which is not characteristic of `Shang-white`. [0029]Classification: [0030]Botanical.--Loropetalum chinense `Shang-white`. [0031]Parentage.--Openly pollinated seedling of Loropetalum chinense. [0032]Commercial.--Broadleaf evergreen. [0033]Form.--Dense and globose. [0034]Height.--3-4 (0.9-1.2 m). [0035]Width.--3-4 (0.9-1.2 m). [0036]Growth rate.--Fast under normal fertilization and moisture conditions. Semi-hardwood cuttings taken in late spring ...
When you drive through the hills of the Western Ghats, you come across this fern clinging to some trees. This is the Drynaria quercifolia, a fern with sterile fronds, like the Staghorn fern. The locals say that this fern eventually kills its host tree. It is called Kage Rekke in Kannada, which means Crows Wings. Whether there is truth in the fears of the locals or not, this fern is a beauty ...
Draper, Jonathan S.; Smith, Kath; Gokhale, Paul; Moore, Harry D.; Maltby, Edna; Johnson, Julie; Meisner, Lorraine; Zwaka, Thomas P.; Thomson, James A.; Andrews, Peter W. (2004-01) ...
The worlds tallest woman has died in eastern China. She was 39.Chinese state media say Yao Defen died on Nov. 13 at her home in Chinas eastern provi ...
... is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family Celastraceae. The genus is endemic to New Caledonia in the ... Müller, I.H. (1996). Celastraceae. In Flore de La Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances, edited by P. Morat, 20:3-74. Paris: Muséum ... 2012) Phylogeny of Celastraceae Tribe Euonymeae Inferred from Morphological Characters and Nuclear and Plastid Genes." ...
... is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family Celastraceae. The genus is endemic to New Caledonia in the ... Salaciopsis tiwakae I.H.Müller Müller, I.H. (1996). Celastraceae. In Flore de La Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances, edited by P ...
Celastraceae (1); Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae ( ...
Dec 2010). "Factsheet - Celastraceae". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, ... In a 2012 published Celastraceae genetics study this provisionally named species was reassigned to the genus Brassiantha and ... The genus and species constitutes part of the Bittersweet plant family Celastraceae. The species Hedraianthera porphyropetala ... "Phylogeny of Celastraceae tribe Euonymeae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes". Molecular ...
"Bhesa indica - CELASTRACEAE". www.biotik.org. Retrieved 2016-11-30. Bhesa indica (Bedd.) Ding Hou. [online] India Biodiversity ... A conspectus of the genus Bhesa (Celastraceae). Blumea 4: 149-153. Nayar, T. S.; Beegam, A. Rasiya; Sibi, M. (2014). Flowering ...
Celastraceae), Foetidia spp. (Lecythidaceae), Olea europea subsp. africana (Oleaceae), Cossinia pinnata (Sapindaceae), Dombeya ...
Celastraceae Hydrogaster Kuhlm. Tiliaceae or Grewioideae in Malvaceae sensu lato or Sparrmanniaceae Merianthera Kuhlm. ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to Western Ghats. "Celastraceae Euonymus ... "Euonymus dichotomus - CELASTRACEAE". BIOTIK. Euonymus dichotomus B.Heyne ex Wall at The Plant List.. ...
Celastraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidales Bercht. & J.Presl Huaceae A.Chev. Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidaceae R.Br., ...
Celastrales Link $Celastraceae R.Br. (including Lepuropetalaceae Nakai, Parnassiaceae Martinov, Pottingeriaceae Takht.) ... Petenaea Lundell (now in Huerteales) Nicobariodendron (see Simmons, 2004; probably in Celastraceae). The APG III system was ...
Celastraceae family 2. Goupiaceae family 3. Lophopyxidaceae family 4. Stackhousiaceae order 4. Salvadorales family 1. ...
"Celastraceae - Catha (G.Don)". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 6 May 2014. "Celastraceae - Catha abbottii A.E.van ... Catha is a genus of plants of the Celastraceae family. It was described by Don in 1832. Three species of the genus are accepted ... "Celastraceae - Catha transvaalensis Codd". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 7 May 2014. Media related to Catha at ... ex Endl., most commonly known as khat Catha transvaalensis (Codd) "The Plant List - Angiosperms - Celastraceae - Catha". The ...
Armen Takhtajan had placed Pottingeria in a monotypic family in 1987, but he later treated it as a subfamily of Celastraceae. ... When the APG III system was published in October 2009, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group expanded Celastraceae to include all ... see External links below). "Celastraceae" pages 411-412. In: Armen L. Takhtajan (Takhtadzhian). Flowering Plants second edition ... 2009). ISBN 978-1-4020-9608-2. Family and Suprafamilial Names At: James L. Reveal Takhtajan on (Celastraceae. ...
"Celastraceae" page 50. In: Klaus Kubitzki (editor). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume VI. Springer-Verlag: ... Perrottetia, meanwhile, had usually been placed, with considerable doubt, in Celastraceae. Ever since Dipentodon was named in ...
... (spindle, European spindle, common spindle) is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, ... "Euonymus europaeus European Euonymus Celastraceae". University of Connecticut Plant Database. University of Connecticut. ...
Larvae feed on Celastraceae species. Japanese Moths. ...
... /juːˈɒnɪməs/ is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. Common names vary widely among ... 2013). Revision of three species of Euonymus (Celastraceae) from China. Phytotaxa 109(1) 45-53. Botanica: The Illustrated A-Z ... Ma, J. (1998). New species of Asian Euonymus (Celastraceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 3(2) 231-37.. ...
... is a genus of annual and perennial plants in the family Celastraceae that are native to Australia, New Zealand, ... It was formerly placed in Stackhousiaceae, but under the APG II system this family has been folded into Celastraceae. Species ... Slender stackhousia "Family: Celastraceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States ...
Schinus molle L. Celastraceae: Euonymus japonicus Thunb. Fabaceae: Acacia dealbata Link Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. Acacia ...
"Celastraceae Cassine laneana (A.H.Moore ) J.Ingram". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2010-10-02. "Bermuda ... Elaeodendron is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. Elaeodendron australe Vent. Elaeodendron ...
... celastraceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.197.155 --- catha (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.197.199 ...
Celastraceae, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 1975. ISSN 0026-6493. C. L. Lundell, Studies in the American ... Zinowiewia costaricensis is a species of tree in the Celastraceae family. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and ... Celastraceae I. New Species of Microtropis, Wimmeria and Zinowiewia, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Vol. 65, No. 7, Oct ...
"Celastraceae Cassine laneana (A.H.Moore ) J.Ingram". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2010-10-02. "Bermuda ... Cassine laneana, commonly known as the Bermuda olivewood, is a species of large tree in the staff vine family, Celastraceae, ...
Celastraceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. (http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010 ...
... is a tree in the family Celastraceae. The specific epithet castaneifolius is from the Latin meaning " ...
They have also been recorded on Catha edulis (Celastraceae). "GlobIZ search". Global Information System on Pyraloidea. ...
Familia: Celastraceae Genus: Euonymus. Subgenera: E. subg. Euonymus - E. subg. Kalonymus Species: E. acanthocarpus - E. ...
Celastraceae • Genus: Euonymus • Subgenus: Euonymus subg. Euonymus • Sectio: Euonymus sect. Euonymus • Series: Euonymus ser. ...
"Celastraceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. ... The Celastraceae (syn. Brexiaceae, Canotiaceae, Chingithamnaceae, Euonymaceae, Parnassiaceae, Siphonodontaceae, and ... doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. University of Maryland: Cronquist Family Synonymy for Celastraceae. ...
Celastraceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 62(1): 45-56. * Gómez Dominguez, H., M. Á. Pérez-Farrera, J. A. Espinoza Jiménez & M. I ... Celastraceae. En Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 201-218. ... Celastraceae (Hippocrateoideae e Salacioideae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 114: 1-226. * Molina-Paniagua, M. E. & F. G. Lorea- ... Familia Celastraceae. 171: 1-40. In J. Rzedowski & G. Calderón de Rzedowski (eds.) Fl. Bajío. Instituto de Ecología A.C., ...
Celastraceae). The compounds were effective against the Trypanosomatidae Leishmania amazonensis and Leishmania chagasi and ... Antiprotozoal Activity of Quinonemethide Triterpenes from Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae). Vania A. F. F. M. dos Santos 1,† ... Keywords: Celastraceae; Maytenus ilicifolia; leishmanicidal; trypanocidal; quinone-methide triterpenes; maytenin; pristimerin ... "Antiprotozoal Activity of Quinonemethide Triterpenes from Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae)." Molecules 18, no. 1: 1053-1062. ...
2013) Family Celastraceae. In: Azimova S.S. (eds) Natural Compounds. Springer, New York, NY. * DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978- ...
Glossopetalon [Forsellesia], formerly included in the Celastraceae, is now assigned to the Crossosomataceae. REFERENCES: ...
Meaning of family celastraceae. What does family celastraceae mean? Information and translations of family celastraceae in the ... Definition of family celastraceae in the Definitions.net dictionary. ... What does family celastraceae mean?. Definitions for family celastraceae. Here are all the possible meanings and translations ... Celastraceae, family Celastraceae, spindle-tree family, staff-tree family(noun). trees and shrubs and woody vines usually ...
Celastraceae) and Rapid Detection and Identification by APCI-IT-MS/MS. Tiago Antunes Paz,1 Vânia A. F. F. M. dos Santos,1 ... Establishment of adventitious root cultures of Peritassa campestris (Celastraceae) was achieved from seed cotyledons cultured ...
Celastraceae) and Rapid Detection and Identification by APCI-IT-MS/MS. Tiago Antunes Paz,1 Vânia A. F. F. M. dos Santos,1 ... Celastraceae) and Rapid Detection and Identification by APCI-IT-MS/MS," BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID ...
Celastraceae sesquiterpenoids Man smoking pipe whilst chewing Qat. Crude plant extracts of the Celastraceae genus of plant have ... Many of the isolated compounds from plants of theCelastraceae exhibit potent anti-tumour, insect antifeedant, and anti-HIV ... A.C. Spivey, M. Weston, S.J. Woodhead, Celastraceae sesquiterpenoids - Biological activity and synthesis Chem Soc. Rev., 2002 ... The most notorious plant of the Celastraceae is the Qat or khat plant. This plant is cultivated countries close to the Horn of ...
Family Celastraceae Description: About 170 or more species of Euonymus are native to Asia, Australia, Europe and North America ...
Celastraceae). Céspedes, Carlos L. / Alarcón, Julio / Aranda, Eduardo / Becerra, José / Silva, Mario ...
CELASTRACEAE STAFF-TREE FAMILY. Barry A. Prigge. Shrub (sometimes climbing), tree, sometimes thorny, generally glabrous. Leaves ...
Celastraceae The Celastraceae are trees and shrubs comprising about 50 genera and 800 species that are sometimes climbing or ... Celastraceae. Note minute stipules in first photo; alternate stamens and conspicuous nectary disk in second photo.. ...
Celastraceae. Maytenus laevis. anti-inflammatory, analgesic. R. [67]. Clusiaceae. Garcinia kola. purgative, antiparasitic, ... 3. Capparaceae, Celastraceae, Clusiaceae, Combretaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Ebenaceae and Euphorbiaceae. The plants in the families ... Celastraceae) root [44,67]. The highest in vivo trypanocidal activity of Garcinia kola (Clusiaceae) seeds was observed in the ...
Development of SEINet, Symbiota, and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (DBI 9983132, BRC 0237418, DBI 0743827, DBI 0847966 ...
Development of SEINet, Symbiota, and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (DBI 9983132, BRC 0237418, DBI 0743827, DBI 0847966 ...
Celastraceae. *Gymnosporia senegalensis - southern Africa Ceratophyllaceae. *Ceratophyllum demersum - cosmopolitan, native to ...
Celastraceae. Pages 116-116. Schweingruber, Fritz H. (et al.). Preview Buy Chapter 25,95 € ...
Celastraceae. Deciduous & fruit trees & shrubs. Cellery. Apiaceae. seeds. Clematis. Ranunculaceae. Deciduous & fruit trees & ...
Celastraceae • Genus: Parnassia • Species: Parnassia palustris L. (1753) ...
... and woody climbers in the family Celastraceae, native to temperate Asia, North America, and Europe. The genus includes many ... Celastraceae. Celastraceae. , the staff-tree family, in the order Celastrales, comprising about 55 genera of woody vines, ... Celastrales: Celastraceae. Euonymus. (130 species) is more temperate, while Celastrus. (32 species) is intermediate in its ... Euonymus, genus of about 130 species of shrubs, woody climbers, and small trees, in the staff tree family (Celastraceae), ...
CELASTRACEAE. Maytenus umbellata (R. Br.) Mabb.. CHENOPODIACEAE. Beta patula Ait.. CISTACEAE. Cistus chinamadensis Banares & ...
Aquifoliaceae, Celastraceae 42. Aceraceae 43. Aesculaceae, Sapindaceae 44. Frangulaceae 45-46. "VI T 1932" (cover title) ...
  • Many of the isolated compounds from plants of the Celastraceae exhibit potent anti-tumour, insect antifeedant, and anti-HIV activity. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Establishment of adventitious root cultures of Peritassa campestris (Celastraceae) was achieved from seed cotyledons cultured in semisolid Woody Plant Medium (WPM) supplemented with 2% sucrose, 0.01% PVP, and 4.0 mg L −1 IBA. (hindawi.com)
  • Celastraceae) and Rapid Detection and Identification by APCI-IT-MS/MS," BioMed Research International , vol. 2013, Article ID 485837, 7 pages, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Graminha, M.A.S. Antiprotozoal Activity of Quinonemethide Triterpenes from Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae). (mdpi.com)
  • A.C. Spivey, M. Weston, S.J. Woodhead, 'Celastraceae sesquiterpenoids - Biological activity and synthesis' Chem Soc. (imperial.ac.uk)