Cefonicid: A second-generation cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Its bactericidal action results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It is used for urinary tract infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and soft tissue and bone infections.Cefamandole: Semisynthetic wide-spectrum cephalosporin with prolonged action, probably due to beta-lactamase resistance. It is used also as the nafate.Skin Diseases, Infectious: Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.Cholera Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Vaccines, Inactivated: Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.Cholera Toxin: An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Drug Information Services: Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.Pamphlets: Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Nifurtimox: A nitrofuran thiazine that has been used against TRYPANOSOMIASIS.Trypanocidal Agents: Agents destructive to the protozoal organisms belonging to the suborder TRYPANOSOMATINA.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Immediate Dental Implant Loading: Endosseous dental implantation where implants are fitted with an abutment or where an implant with a transmucosal coronal portion is used immediately (within 1 week) after the initial extraction. Conventionally, the implantation is performed in two stages with more than two months in between the stages.Ion Exchange Resins: High molecular weight, insoluble polymers which contain functional groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions (ION EXCHANGE) with either cations or anions.Cation Exchange Resins: High molecular weight insoluble polymers which contain functional anionic groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions with cations.Anion Exchange Resins: High-molecular-weight insoluble polymers that contain functional cationic groups capable of undergoing exchange reactions with anions.Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Pinus ponderosa: A plant species of the genus PINUS that contains isocupressic acid.Resins, Synthetic: Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.Epichlorohydrin: A chlorinated epoxy compound used as an industrial solvent. It is a strong skin irritant and carcinogen.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Thermococcus: A genus of extremely thermophilic heterotrophic archaea, in the family THERMOCOCCACEAE, occurring in heated sea flows. They are anaerobic chemoorganotropic sulfidogens.BrazilConsumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Pyrococcus: A genus of strictly anaerobic ultrathermophilic archaea, in the family THERMOCOCCACEAE, occurring in heated seawaters. They exhibit heterotrophic growth at an optimum temperature of 100 degrees C.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Amylases: A group of amylolytic enzymes that cleave starch, glycogen, and related alpha-1,4-glucans. (Stedman, 25th ed) EC 3.2.1.-.Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Trypsinogen: The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)ChymotrypsinogenPancreas, Exocrine: The major component (about 80%) of the PANCREAS composed of acinar functional units of tubular and spherical cells. The acinar cells synthesize and secrete several digestive enzymes such as TRYPSINOGEN; LIPASE; AMYLASE; and RIBONUCLEASE. Secretion from the exocrine pancreas drains into the pancreatic ductal system and empties into the DUODENUM.BoliviaEcuadorBiotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Moraceae: The mulberry plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have milky latex and small, petalless male or female flowers.CaliforniaGenomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.

Development of revised quality control limits for disk diffusion susceptibility tests of selected cephem antibiotics with Haemophilus influenzae and description of a new control strain. (1/37)

Inconsistent quality control results in disk diffusion testing of cefaclor, cefamandole, cefonicid, and cefuroxime with Haemophilus influenzae ATCC 49247 and Haemophilus test medium (HTM) prompted a search for an alternative control strain that would provide more reliable results. A five-laboratory study was conducted to evaluate two candidate H. influenzae strains as possible alternatives to the aforementioned strain. Repetitive testing of the candidate strains and H. influenzae ATCC 49247 over several days with a total of six different lots of HTM documented consistent performance of the two candidate strains and confirmed inconsistent results for some of the antibiotics with H. influenzae ATCC 49247. In particular, certain lots of HTM failed to yield cefaclor and cefamandole zone sizes within the quality control range advocated by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Because of the greater consistency offered by the new strains, one was selected (now designated H. influenzae ATCC 49766) to be recommended for routine quality control testing of cefaclor, cefamandole, cefonicid, cefuroxime, and the related carbacephem loracarbef. The new control strain and zone size ranges proposed here have been approved by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards in place of the previously recommended strain and zone size limits for testing of these five cephem antibiotics.  (+info)

Influence of angiotensin II-induced alterations in renal flow on excretion of cefonicid in isolated perfused rat kidneys. (2/37)

The effects of variations in renal perfusate flow on the excretion of cefonicid was examined in isolated perfused rat kidneys. Cefonicid, an expanded-spectrum cephalosporin, is primarily eliminated by active tubular secretion and is neither metabolized nor reabsorbed in the isolated kidney. We used angiotensin II (AII), a strong vasoconstrictor hormone of the afferent and the efferent arterioles in the kidney, to determine whether the renal and secretion clearances, as well as the excretion ratio (ER = CLR/[fu x GFR], where CLR is renal clearance, fu is the unbound fraction, and GFR is glomerular filtration rate), of this low-extraction compound can be altered by a decreased perfusion flow. Control studies were performed in the absence (n = 5) and presence (n = 4) of AII; cefonicid studies were performed in the absence (n = 4) and presence (n = 5) of AII. AII (1 to 4 ng/min) and cefonicid (5 to 10 micrograms/min) were infused into the perfusate. Cefonicid was assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography, and its protein binding was determined by ultrafiltration. AII decreased the perfusate flow rate and increased the renal vascular resistance and filtration fraction of the isolated kidney in the presence and absence of cefonicid. The glomerular filtration rate remained unchanged among the groups. The fractional excretion of glucose was low and steady, indicating a well-preserved tubular function. Although the unbound fraction was unchanged between treatments, the renal and secretion clearances and the excretion ratio of cefonicid were reduced by about 40% in the presence of AII (excretion ratios, 10.3 without AII versus 6.03 with AII). These results suggest that the altered clearance parameters of cefonicid are the result of a flow-induced change in the intrinsic secretory transport of the drug.  (+info)

Influence of the unbound concentration of cefonicid on its renal elimination in isolated perfused rat kidneys. (3/37)

The effect of variations in plasma protein binding on the renal excretion of cefonicid was assessed by using isolated perfused rat kidneys. Cefonicid exhibits preferential binding ex vivo to human serum albumin (HSA), as opposed to bovine serum albumin (BSA), and is eliminated mainly by tubular secretion, a process that was reported to be dependent on the total drug concentration. This contradicts previous studies with antimicrobial compounds and other drugs of low renal extraction in which the unbound drug concentration was shown to be the driving force for carrier-mediated tubular transport. To clarify this discrepancy, we performed perfusion studies by using 6% BSA at initial concentrations of 200 micrograms/ml (n = 6) and 20 micrograms/ml (n = 9) and in a combination of 4% BSA plus 2% HSA at initial concentrations of 200 micrograms/ml (n = 4). The excretion ratio [ER = CLR/(fu x GFR)] of cefonicid decreased with increasing unbound concentrations, whereas no apparent relationship with the total concentration was evident. At similar total concentrations of cefonicid, the renal clearance remained unchanged; the secretion clearance increased significantly in the 4% BSA-2% HSA experiments, reflecting the reduced unbound fraction and unbound drug concentration of cefonicid. The excretion ratio data were compatible with a model in which Michaelis-Menten kinetics were required to describe active transport and secretion was dependent on the unbound cefonicid concentration. As a result, changes in plasma protein binding as a result of drug interactions or disease states could significantly influence the tubular transport capability of compounds with low renal extraction.  (+info)

Cefonicid versus clindamycin prophylaxis for head and neck surgery in a randomized, double-blind trial, with pharmacokinetic implications. (4/37)

Perioperative single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis of cefonicid was compared with clindamycin in a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial of patients undergoing oncologic head and neck surgery. Antibiotics were administered intravenously beginning 1 to 2 h preoperatively. Cefonicid, 1 g, was given as a single dose. Clindamycin, 600 mg, was administered every 8 h for a total of four doses. Blood and wound drainage samples were collected for 24 h following the dose of cefonicid and assayed for total and free cefonicid concentrations, using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Although total concentrations of cefonicid in both serum and wound drainage exceeded the MIC for 90% of the isolates of common bacterial pathogens for 24 h, free concentrations in serum and wound drainage (11.0 and 14.9% of total concentrations) were subinhibitory within 6 h following administration. Free concentrations of cefonicid in the postoperative wound drainage were subinhibitory for the entire study period, both perioperatively and postoperatively. Postoperative wound infection occurred significantly (P less than 0.05) more frequently in patients receiving cefonicid (24%) as compared with those receiving clindamycin (8.2%). The relatively low free levels of cefonicid achieved in serum and wound drainage were attributed to the high degree of protein binding (89% in serum) and may be related to the poor clinical outcome.  (+info)

Randomized, double-blind trial of cefonicid and nafcillin in the treatment of skin and skin structure infections. (5/37)

We compared treatment with one daily intravenous dose of cefonicid and multidose nafcillin in 65 patients with severe infections of the skin or skin structure. Clinical cure or improvement was achieved in 91% of the patients given cefonicid and in 87% of the patients given nafcillin (P = 0.97). The use of cefonicid may allow outpatient therapy of some severe infections.  (+info)

Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for herniorrhaphy and breast surgery. (6/37)

We assessed the efficacy of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for surgery in a randomized, double-blind trial of 1218 patients undergoing herniorrhaphy or surgery involving the breast, including excision of a breast mass, mastectomy, reduction mammoplasty, and axillary-node dissection. The prophylactic regimen was a single dose of cefonicid (1 g intravenously) administered approximately half an hour before surgery. The patients were followed up for four to six weeks after surgery. Blinding was maintained until the last patient completed the follow-up and all diagnoses of infection had been made. The patients who received prophylaxis had 48 percent fewer probable or definite infections than those who did not (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio, 0.52; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.84; P = 0.01). For patients undergoing a procedure involving the breast, infection occurred in 6.6 percent of the cefonicid recipients (20 of 303) and 12.2 percent of the placebo recipients (37 of 303); for those undergoing herniorrhaphy, infection occurred in 2.3 percent of the cefonicid recipients (7 of 301) and 4.2 percent of the placebo recipients (13 of 311). There were comparable reductions in the numbers of definite wound infections (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio, 0.49), wounds that drained pus (risk ratio, 0.43), Staphylococcus aureus wound isolates (risk ratio, 0.49), and urinary tract infections (risk ratio, 0.40). There were also comparable reductions in the need for postoperative antibiotic therapy, non-routine visits to a physician for problems involving wound healing, incision and drainage procedures, and readmission because of problems with wound healing. We conclude that perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis with cefonicid is useful for herniorrhaphy and certain types of breast surgery.  (+info)

Effect of age and renal function on cefonicid pharmacokinetics. (7/37)

Cefonicid (15 mg/kg) was administered intravenously at a constant rate of infusion over 15 min to 10 geriatric patients (mean age, 77 years) and to 4 young subjects (mean age, 35 years). Model-dependent and noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and found to be congruous; noncompartmental data are reported. Significant differences in the values for area under the curve, mean residence time, total body clearance, and renal clearance were observed between the geriatric and young groups. Mean elimination half-life values were 9.59 and 4.88 h for the geriatric and young groups, respectively. Total body and renal clearances were inversely correlated to age and directly correlated to creatinine clearance. Free fraction was not correlated to albumin concentration but was correlated exponentially to total cefonicid concentration. Despite the prolonged half-life values observed in our geriatric patients, the difference in mean trough concentrations was slight. Daily administration of a 15-mg/kg dose should provide adequate concentrations in serum and should not produce appreciable accumulation in geriatric patients.  (+info)

Evaluation of the bactericidal activity of beta-lactam antibiotics on slowly growing bacteria cultured in the chemostat. (8/37)

The bactericidal activity of 23 beta-lactam antibiotics was compared in slowly growing bacteria cultured in a chemostat. In an attempt to mimic possible in vivo conditions, slowly growing cultures were produced by limitation of iron, glucose, phosphate, or magnesium. Only select antibiotics remained effectively bactericidal against slowly growing cells. For these compounds, the rate of antibiotic-induced loss of viability was a constant when killing was expressed per generation (in contrast to absolute time) in that slowly growing bacteria were killed proportionately more slowly. Individual antibiotics differed greatly, however, in their specific bactericidal activities against slowly growing cells, i.e., in the absolute degree of killing elicited during exposure of the bacteria to MIC equivalents of the drugs. Specific bactericidal activities varied not only with drug structure but also with the bacterial strains and, to a lesser extent, with the nature of the growth-limiting nutrient. In slowly growing cultures exposure to the low drug concentrations studied here (near MIC) caused killing without detectable lysis. Antibiotics with high specific bactericidal activities were capable of rapidly killing cultures of slowly growing pathogens despite extremely long generation times approaching those reported for in vivo growth rates.  (+info)

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QBlock™ Protein Microarray Blocking Buffer is a non-protein based reagent designed to block non-specific protein binding on porous nitrocellulose substrates.This blocker was formulated for maximizing assay signal while minimizing background from assays utilizing Quantum Nanoparticles (QNPs) for detection, and is also compatible with other assay types using organic fluors (e.g. Alexa Fluor dyes, Li-Cor dyes) or colorimetric endpoint detection (e.g DAB) after enzymatic amplification. It is supplied as a 1X solution, ready to use out of the bottle, for microarray applications. ...
Simulations using classical molecular dynamics are reported on the binding of the protein Ovocleidin-17 to calcite stepped surfaces. vicinal surfaces ({31.8} and {31.16}) are used to obtain acute and obtuse steps. The simulations demonstrate that binding is greater at the obtuse step. A range of analytical methods is used to show the importance of surface and local water structure for protein binding. We discuss the general features of molecular binding in the light of these results. Our analysis shows that it is unlikely that Ovocleidin-17 is important in controlling crystal morphology; its main role is likely to be in controlling calcite nucleation. © 2012 the Owner Societies.. ...
0061]The term "polypeptide" refers to a polymer of amino acids without regard to the length of the polymer; thus, peptides, oligopeptides, and proteins are included within the definition of polypeptide. This term refers to both naturally occurring polypeptides and synthetic polypeptides. This term can include chemical or post-expression modifications of the polypeptide. Therefore, for example, modifications to polypeptides which include the covalent attachment of glycosyl groups, acetyl groups, phosphate groups, lipid groups and the like are expressly encompassed by the term polypeptide. A chemically modified polypeptide includes polypeptides where an identification or capture tag has been incorporated into the polypeptide. The natural or other chemical modifications, such as those listed in example above, can occur anywhere in a polypeptide, including the peptide backbone, the amino acid side-chains and the amino or carboxyl termini. It will be appreciated that the same type of modification may ...
To discriminate between two widely used models of hepatic drug elimination, the venous equilibrium and sinusoidal models, we examined the effect of altering perfusate protein binding on the hepatic elimination of the highly cleared drug, propranolol, by the isolated perfused rat liver. We investigated specifically the relationship between the unbound fraction of drug perfusing the liver and the steady-state unbound drug concentration in hepatic venous effluent (i.e., in the perfusate reservoir) after a constant infusion of drug (1.37 mg/hr) into the portal vein. Each rat liver (n = 21) was perfused over 60 min at one of seven different protein concentrations, such that the unbound fraction of propranolol in the portal venous perfusate was varied from 0.1 to 0.65. The unbound steady-state propranolol concentration in the hepatic venous effluent remained unchanged, despite an almost 7-fold increase in the free fraction of propranolol perfusing the liver. The data conform precisely to the ...
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The purpose [corrected] of this investigation was to determine the effects of certain changes in plasma protein binding on the disposition of phenytoin after i.v. administration in the rat. Treatment of rats with sulfisoxazole and oleic acid significantly reduced plasma protein binding of phenytoin. The displacement of phenytoin from plasma proteins by sulfisoxazole had no significant effect on the elimination of phenytoin whereas comparable displacement by oleic acid produced an increase in the apparent volume of distribution and a marked decrease in the metabolic clearance of the drug. A similar difference in metabolic clearance was noted when phenytoin elimination was determined as a function of the intrinsic ability of the rat to bind phenytoin in the plasma. Rats showing relatively high plasma protein binding of phenytoin cleared the drug much more rapidly than rats showing relatively low plasma protein binding of phenytoin. Assuming that an endogenous inhibitor is responsible for both the ...
Lanxon writes Swaroup Anand, 23, from Bangalore, was fully conscious as he underwent open-heart surgery. An epidural to the neck, administered at the city’s Wockhardt Hospital, numbed his body during the procedure. Dr Vivek Jawali pioneered the technique ten years ago and has recently release...
VolleyballMag.coms Rob Espero interviews Grand Canyons Camden Gianni, exactly one year after his open-heart surgery following cardiac arrest
The study of skin structure and its physiology helps us in acquisition of the required knowledge for getting and maintaining younger, healthier looking skin.
You know him as Darth Vader in a 2011 Super Bowl advertisement that went viral but you yet to meet the extraordinary kid behind the costume - 13-year-old Max Page, who is preparing to undergo an important heart...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Treatment of uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections in the diabetic patient.. AU - Rich, Phoebe. PY - 2005/1/1. Y1 - 2005/1/1. N2 - Diabetic neuropathy can lead to the development of ulcers on the lower extremities. Prompt treatment lowers the likelihood of infection and reduces the probability that an established infection will lead to amputation. Antibiotics are selected on the basis of the suspected organism and the level of infection. Unnecessary antibiotic prophylaxis is discouraged because it increases the likelihood that bacterial resistance to the antibiotic agent will develop. Culture samples must be taken by curettage of biopsy rather than by swabbing to assure detection of pathogens.. AB - Diabetic neuropathy can lead to the development of ulcers on the lower extremities. Prompt treatment lowers the likelihood of infection and reduces the probability that an established infection will lead to amputation. Antibiotics are selected on the basis of the suspected ...
A 69 year old underwent open-heart surgery 48 hours ago. He was discharged to the surgical floor ... . Cardioversion c. IV amiodarone d. IV digoxin
Doctors at Houstons Memorial Hermann Northwest Hospital have made medical and social media history by live-tweeting an open-heart surgery for the first time. Yes, you read that...
Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections definition, categories, type and other relevant information provided by All Acronyms. ABSSSI stands for Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections
The Certificate of Need, a form of state government regulation for open-heart surgery, has been designed to keep mortality rates and health care costs down. A new study suggests that neither is the case, but that deregulation is beneficial to patients.
Although the health regulators who control open-heart surgery programs in Maryland scrupulously avoid the terms, hospital administrators talk about the gulf between the haves and the have-nots,
Two widely prescribed antibiotics had similar cure rates in uncomplicated ambulatory skin and skin structure infections, researchers reported. News on NewsHub.org
Nabriva Therapeutics today announced the successful results of a Phase II clinical trial of BC-3781 in acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI).
The global systemic antibiotics market should reach nearly $44.7 billion in 2020 from nearly $40.6 billion in 2015 at a compound annual growth rate of 2.0% from 2015 to 2020.
A U.S. Army soldier stationed in Iraq developed myriad pain problems after sustaining a high-level spinal cord injury (SCI) from a gunshot wound. These problems were negatively impacting his ability to participate fully in his physical rehabilitation and care. Ten sessions of self-hypnosis training were administered to the patient over a 5-week period to help him address these problems. Both the patient and his occupational therapist reported a substantial reduction in pain over the course of treatment, which allowed the patient to actively engage in his therapies ...
We have shown previously that fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene expression is positively regulated by glucose in rat adipose tissue and liver. In the present study, we have identified in the first intron of the gene a sequence closely related to known glucose-responsive elements such as in the L-pyruvate kinase and S14 genes, including a putative upstream stimulatory factor/major late transcription factor (USF/MLTF) binding site (E-box) (+ 292 nt to + 297 nt). Location of this sequence corresponds to a site of hypersensitivity to DNase I which is present in the liver but not in the spleen. Moreover, using this information from a preliminary report of the present work, others have shown that a + 283 nt to + 303 nt sequence of the FAS gene can confer glucose responsiveness to a heterologous promoter. The protein binding to this region has been investigated in vitro by a combination of DNase I footprinting and gel-retardation experiments with synthetic oligonucleotides and known nuclear proteins. ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Question 3: The advance is said to have been a crucial step in the development of open-heart surgery and organ transplants, and to have laid the groundwork for the ________, which became a reality decades later. ...
J01DC06 Cefonicid. J01DC07 Cefotiam. J01DC08 Lorakarbef. J01DC09 Cefmetazol. J01DC10 Cefprozil. J01DC11 Ceforanid. J01DC12 ...
... cefonicid MeSH D02.065.589.099.249.185 --- cefsulodin MeSH D02.065.589.099.249.190 --- cephacetrile MeSH D02.065.589.099. ...
... cefonicid, cefoperazone, cefotetan, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, and latamoxef (moxalactam); thought to be due to common N- ...
... cefonicid (INN) cefoperazone (INN) ceforanide (INN) cefoselis (INN) Cefotan cefotaxime (INN) cefotetan (INN) cefotiam (INN) ...
... cefonicid 1984 - cefotetan 1984 - temocillin 1985 - cefpiramide 1985 - imipenem/cilastatin, the first carbapenem 1985 - ...
Cefonicide (or cefonicid) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It has a density of 1.92g/cm3. Injectable semi-synthetic cephalosporin ... Cefazaflur Saltiel, E; Brogden, R. N. (1986). "Cefonicid. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacological properties ... antibiotic related to cefamandole, q.v. Cefonicid is synthesized conveniently by nucleophilic displacement of the 3-acetoxy ...
InChI=1S/C20H22N4O10S/c1-9(25)33-10(2)34-19(28)15-11(7-32-20(21)29)8-35-18-14(17(27)24(15)18)22-16(26)13(23-30-3)12-5-4-6-31-12/h4-6,10,14,18H,7-8H2,1-3H3,(H2,21,29)(H,22,26)/b23-13-/t10?,14-,18-/m1/ ...
The production of benzylpenicillin involves fermentation, recovery and purification of the penicillin.[10] The fermentation process of the production of benzylpencillin is about obtaining the product. The presence of the product in solution inhibits the reaction and reduces the product rate and yield. Thus, in order to obtain the most product and increase the rate of reaction the product, would be continuously extracted out.[11] This is done by having the mold with either glucose, sucrose, lactose, startch, or detrin, nitrate, ammonium salt, corn steep liquor, peptone, meat or yeast extract, and little amounts of inorganic salts.[12] The recovery of the benzylpencillin is the most important part of the production process because it affects the purification steps if done wrong.[10] There are many different types of techniques to recover benzyl penicillin, aqueous two-phase extraction, liquid membrane extraction, microfiltration technique, and solvent subulation[10] Extraction is more commonly ...
... , sold under the brandname Merrem among others, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.[1] Some of these include meningitis, intra-abdominal infection, pneumonia, sepsis, and anthrax.[1] It is given by injection into a vein.[1] Common side effects include nausea, diarrhea, constipation, headache, rash, and pain at the site of injection.[1] Serious side effects include Clostridium difficile infection, seizures, and allergic reactions including anaphylaxis.[1] Those who are allergic to other β-lactam antibiotics are more likely to be allergic to meropenem.[1] Use in pregnancy appears to be safe.[1] It is in the carbapenem family of medications.[1] Meropenem usually results in bacterial death through blocking their ability to make a cell wall.[1] It is more resistant to breakdown β-lactamase producing bacteria.[1] Meropenem was patented in 1983.[2] It was approved for medical use in the United States in 1996.[1] It is on the World Health ...
InChI=1S/C14H15N5O5S2/c1-5-3-25-12-8(11(21)19(12)9(5)13(22)23)17-10(20)7(18-24-2)6-4-26-14(15)16-6/h4,8,12H,3H2,1-2H3,(H2,15,16)(H,17,20)(H,22,23)/b18-7-/t8-,12-/m1/ ...
Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Kanu C, et al. (August 2006). "ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (writing committee to revise the 1998 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease): developed in collaboration with the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists: endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons". Circulation. 114 (5): e84-231. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.176857. PMID 16880336 ...
Penicillin V is sometimes used in the treatment of odontogenic infections.. It is less active than benzylpenicillin (penicillin G) against Gram-negative bacteria.[9][10] Phenoxymethylpenicillin has a range of antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria that is similar to that of benzylpenicillin and a similar mode of action, but it is substantially less active than benzylpenicillin against Gram-negative bacteria.[9][10]. Phenoxymethylpenicillin is more acid-stable than benzylpenicillin, which allows it to be given orally.. Phenoxymethylpenicillin is usually used only for the treatment of mild to moderate infections, and not for severe or deep-seated infections since absorption can be unpredictable. Except for the treatment or prevention of infection with Streptococcus pyogenes (which is uniformly sensitive to penicillin), therapy should be guided by bacteriological studies (including sensitivity tests) and by clinical response.[11] People treated initially with parenteral ...
The in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam has been examined in five surveillance studies of isolates from Europe and North America.[8] In these studies, ceftolozane-tazobactam was notable for its activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a moderately common cause of hospital-acquired infections that is commonly multi-drug resistant. Ninety percent of P. aeruginosa isolates were inhibited by a ceftolozane-tazobactam at a concentration of 4 μg/mL (MIC90), making it the most potent anti-pseudomonal antibiotic in clinical use. In these same studies, ceftolozane-tazobactam exhibited MIC90 values of ,1 μg/mL for Escherichia coli, Citrobacter koseri, Morganella morganii, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella species, and Serratia marcescens. Somewhat poorer activity is observed for the Klebsiella and Enterobacter species, with the MIC90 for extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) expressing Klebsiella pneumonia being ,32 μg/mL. ...
A set of multienzymes (peptide synthase CepA, CepB, and CepC) are responsible for assembling the heptapeptide. (Figure 2). The organization of CepA, CepB, and Cep C closely resembles other peptide synthases such as those for surfactin (SrfA1, SrfA2, and SrfA3) and gramicidin (GrsA and GrsB).[41] Each peptide synthase activates codes for various amino acids to activate each domain. CepA codes for modules 1, 2, and 3. CepB codes for modules 4, 5, and 6, and CepC codes for module 7. The three peptide synthases are located at the start of the region of the bacterial genome linked with antibiotic biosynthesis, and span 27 kb.[41]. After the linear heptapeptide molecule is synthesized, vancomycin has to undergo further modifications, such as oxidative cross-linking and glycosylation, in trans[clarification needed] by distinct enzymes, referred to as tailoring enzymes, to become biologically active (Figure 3). To convert the linear heptapeptide, eight enzymes, open reading frames (ORFs) 7, 8, 9, 10, ...
InChI=1S/C16H21N7O7S3/c1-22-15(19-20-21-22)33-4-7-3-32-14-16(30-2,13(29)23(14)10(7)12(27)28)18-9(24)6-31-5-8(17)11(25)26/h8,14H,3-6,17H2,1-2H3,(H,18,24)(H,25,26)(H,27,28)/t8-,14-,16+/m1/s1 ‹See TfM› ...
... (SEF-di-nir) is a third-generation oral cephalosporin antibiotic sold under the brand names Cefzon and Omnicef. As of 2008, cefdinir, as Omnicef, was the highest-selling cephalosporin antibiotic in the United States, with more than US$585 million in retail sales of its generic versions alone.[1] Cefdinir is structurally similar to cefixime. It was discovered by Fujisawa Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (now Astellas) and introduced in 1991 under the brand name Cefzon.[2][3] Warner-Lambert licensed this cephalosporin for marketing in US from Fujisawa.[4] Abbott obtained U.S. marketing rights to Omnicef (cefdinir) in December 1998 through an agreement with Warner-Lambert Company.[5] It was approved by FDA on Dec 4, 1997.[6] It is available in US as Omnicef by Abbott Laboratories and in India as Cednir by Abbott, Kefnir by Glenmark, Cefdair by Xalra Pharma and Cefdiel by Ranbaxy. ...
Ceftolozane exerts bactericidal activities against susceptible gram-negative and gram-positive infections by inhibiting essential penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs), which are required for peptidoglycan cross-linking for bacterial cell wall synthesis, resulting in inhibition of cell wall synthesis and subsequent cell death. Ceftolozane is an inhibitor of PBPs of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (e.g. PBP1b, PBP1c, and PBP3) and E. coli (e.g., PBP3).[6][7] Tazobactam is a potent β-lactamase inhibitor of most common class A and C β-lactamases. Tazobactam has little clinically relevant in vitro activity against bacteria due to its reduced affinity to penicillin-binding proteins; however, it is an irreversible inhibitor of some β-lactamases (certain penicillinases and cephalosporinases) and can covalently bind to some chromosomal and plasmid-mediated bacterial beta-lactamases.[6] The addition of tazobactam strengthens the therapeutic response to ceftolozane, giving it the ability to treat a broader range ...
... is a second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It can be used to treat ear infections, skin infections, and other bacterial infections.[citation needed] It comes as a tablet and as a liquid suspension. Although there is a widely quoted cross-allergy risk of 10% between cephalosporins and penicillin, an article[1] has shown no increased risk for cross-allergy for cefprozil and several other second-generation or later cephalosporins. It was patented in 1983 and approved for medical use in 1992.[2] ...
... has the ability to kill a wide variety of bacteria. Imipenem is the active antibiotic agent and works by interfering with their ability to form cell walls, so the bacteria break up and die. Imipenem is rapidly degraded by the renal enzyme dehydropeptidase if administered alone (making it less effective); the metabolites can cause kidney damage.[11] Imipenem is a broad-spectrum betalactam antibiotic used for severe bacterial infections caused by susceptible organisms. Because imipenem is rapidly inactivated by renal dehydropeptidase I, it is given in combination with cilastatin, a DHP-I inhibitor which increases half-life and tissue penetration of imipenem. Imipenem/cilastatin, like other carbapenems, binds to bacterial penicillin-binding proteins and interferes with bacterial cell wall integrity and synthesis. It has activity against many aerobic and anaerobic Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. ...
Cefaclor • Cefoxitină • Cefotetan • Cefuroximă (axetil) • Cefamandol‡ • Cefprozil • Cefonicid‡ • Loracarbef‡ (carbacefemă). ...
Cefaclor • Cefamandole • Cefminox • Cefonicid • Ceforanide • Cefotiam • Cefprozil • Cefbuperazone • Cefuroxime • Cefuzonam • ...
سیکلوسرین (آیوپاک آدی: (R)-4-Amino-1,2-oxazolidin-3-one, اینگیلیسجه: Cycloserine, عربجه: سيكلوسيرين‎، روسجا: Циклосерин) بیر شیمیایی بیلشیک دواء. بۇ دواءنین مول جرمیسی مول/قرم ۱۰۲٫۰۹۲ دیر. متابولیسمی قاراجییرده باش وئریر. سیکلوسرین آنتی‌بیوتیک‌ اۆچون ایستیفاده اوْلونور. ...
Cefaclor • Cefamandole • Cefminox • Cefonicid • Ceforanide • Cefotiam • Cefprozil • Cefbuperazone • Cefuroxime • Cefuzonam • ...
سیلور سولفادیازین (آیوپاک آدی: Silver [(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl](pyrimidin-2-yl)azanide, اینگیلیسجه: Silver sulfadiazine, (چینجه:磺胺嘧啶银‎)) بیر شیمیایی بیلشیک دواء. بۇ دواءنین مول جرمیسی مول/قرم ۳۵۷٫۱۴ دیر. سیلور سولفادیازین آنتی‌بیوتیک‌ اۆچون ایستیفاده اوْلونور. ...
... cefonicid, cefotaxime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone, mezlocillin and piperacillin), antidepressants, (e.g., bupropion, ... cefonicid, cefotaxime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone, mezlocillin, piperacillin, bupropion, nomifensine, nortriptyline, ... cefonicid, cefotaxime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone, mezlocillin, piperacillin, bupropion, nomifensine, nortriptyline, ... cefonicid, cefotaxime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone, mezlocillin, piperacillin, bupropion, nomifensine, nortriptyline, ...
Cefonicide (or cefonicid) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It has a density of 1.92g/cm3. Injectable semi-synthetic cephalosporin ... Cefazaflur Saltiel, E; Brogden, R. N. (1986). "Cefonicid. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacological properties ... antibiotic related to cefamandole, q.v. Cefonicid is synthesized conveniently by nucleophilic displacement of the 3-acetoxy ...
A list of US medications equivalent to Cefonicid Sodium - New Asiatic Pharm is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Cefonicid Sodium - New Asiatic Pharm is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Cefonicid. Cefonicid sodium (a derivative of Cefonicid) is reported as an ingredient of Cefonicid Sodium - New Asiatic Pharm in ... Cefonicid Sodium - New Asiatic Pharm. Cefonicid Sodium - New Asiatic Pharm may be available in the countries listed below. ...
Find patient medical information for Cefonicid Injection on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, ... Does Cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln) interact with other medications?. Should I avoid certain foods while taking ... More Resources for Cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln). *Find Lowest Prices on ... How to use Cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln). Consult your pharmacist or physician. ...
Sodium Cefonicid , C18H18N6O8S3 , CID 43592 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, ...
Buy Cefonicid sodium (CAS 61270-78-8), a broadspectrum cephalosporin antibiotic, from Santa Cruz. Molecular Formula: ... Cefonicid sodium (CAS 61270-78-8) Cefonicid sodium , CAS 61270-78-8 is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. ... Rated 5 out of 5 by HF from Cefonicid sodium Cefonicid sodium, reported as a cephalosporin antibiotic whose bactericidal ... Studies indicate that Cefonicid sodium is effective against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, indole- ...
Standard method for cefonicid HPLC unsuitable for MS It is important to characterise impurities in pharmaceuticals, and often ... Cefonicid that had been subjected to heat treatment gave an additional unknown impurity peak, making seven new impurities in ... Two-dimensional HPLC and MS detect new cefonicid impurities. HPLC was carried out using a Shimadzu two-dimensional Nexera-XR ... The antibiotic cefonicid sodium is commonly used in many countries, typically being administered by injection. The Chinese ...
Cefonicid sodium, Disodium (6R,7R)-7-[[(2R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenyl-acetyl]amino]-8-oxo-3-[[1-(sulfonatomethyl)tetrazol-5-yl] ... Cefonicid sodium. Synonyms. Disodium (6R,7R)-7-[[(2R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenyl-acetyl]amino]-8-oxo-3-[[1-(sulfonatomethyl)tetrazol-5- ...
ChEMBL Compound Description] ID:, InChI_Key:, Tradenames:MONOCID, Synonyms:SK&F D-75073-Z , MONOCID , CEFONICID SODIUM , ... SK&F D-75073-Z , MONOCID , CEFONICID SODIUM , CEFONICID , SK&F D-75073-Z2 , CEFONICID MONOSODIUM. ... CEFONICID , SK&F D-75073-Z2 , CEFONICID MONOSODIUM ... Cefonicid UniChem Cross References. View the UniChem ...
For cefonicid. *For bacterial infections: *For injection dosage form: *Adults and teenagers-500 milligrams (mg) to 2 grams ... Antibacterial, systemic-Cefaclor; Cefadroxil; Cefamandole; Cefazolin; Cefdinir; Cefditoren; Cefepime; Cefixime; Cefonicid; ...
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this vaccine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.. Receiving this vaccine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.. ...
Detailed drug Information for Vaxchora. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
cefonicid. tazocin (ureidopenicillin. cefoperazone. piperacillin with the beta-. cefotan. lactamase inhibitor tazobactam). ...
penicilina (es); Penisillín (is); Penisilin (ms); Penicillin (en-gb); پنسلين (ps); Пеницилин (bg); پنسلین (pnb); پنسلین (ur); Benseliin (so); Penicilín (sk); Penicillina (oc); 青黴素 (zh-hant); Penicilino (io); Penicilline (gsw); 페니실린 (ko); পেনিচিলিন (as); penicilino (eo); пеницилин (mk); Penicilin (bs); Penicilina (an); পেনিসিলিন (bn); pénicilline (fr); Penisilin (jv); Penicilin (hr); پینی سیلین (lrc); פעניצילין (yi); पेनिसिलिन (mr); penicillin (vi); Penicilīni (lv); Penisillien (af); пеницилин (sr); penicilin (cs); Penicilina (pt-br); Penicillin (sco); Пенициллин (mn); penicillin (nn); penicillin (nb); Pénisilin (su); πενικιλίνη (el); Penicillin (fo); ಪೆನ್ಸಿಲಿನ್ (kn); پێنیسیلین (ckb); penicillin (en); بنسلين (ar); Penisilin (br); Пенициллин (kk); ပင်နီဆီလင် (my); 盤尼西林 ...
cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln). On Label. RX. 0 Reviews. C-Lexin capsule. On Label. RX. 0 Reviews. ...
cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln). On Label. RX. 0 Reviews. cefotetan in dextrose Piggyback. On Label. RX. 0 ...
Antibiotic (cefonicid sodium). ZINC03830332. −0.013. Dye (analogue chocolate brown). ZINC03830434. 0.017. Antibiotic ( ...
Cefonicid (Definition) Cefonicid is a second generation cephalosporin which is a kind of cephalosporin type drug (anti- ...
DB01328 Cefonicid. DB01329 Cefoperazone. DB01331 Cefoxitin. DB00430 Cefpiramide. DB01333 Cefradine. DB00438 Ceftazidime. ... DB01328 Cefonicid. DB01329 Cefoperazone. DB01331 Cefoxitin. DB00430 Cefpiramide. DB01333 Cefradine. DB00438 Ceftazidime. ...
Statistical analysis of data is a crucial component of scientific publication. Authors who are unsure of proper statistical analysis should have their manuscripts checked by a qualified statistician.. The following is a list of important items that must be considered before manuscript submission. Deficiencies in any of these areas may delay review and/or publication.. (i) The same reference (gold) standard should be used for all samples for a given analyte. That reference standard might include more than one test, but it should be used and interpreted consistently for all samples. The reference standard should not include results from the test that is under study.. (ii) Do not use sensitivity or specificity to describe results which compare a new test to a non-reference standard. Use the terms positive percent agreement and negative percent agreement for these results, as recommended by the FDA guidance document Statistical Guidance on Reporting Results from Studies Evaluating ...
Cefonicid. A second-generation cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Its bactericidal action results ...
Severe anaphylaxis to royal jelly attributed to cefonicid. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17(4):281. ...
Cefonicid. approved, investigational. yes. inhibitor. Details. DB01415. Ceftibuten. approved, investigational. yes. inhibitor. ...
Cefonicid. approved, investigational. yes. inhibitor. Details. DB00303. Ertapenem. approved, investigational. yes. inhibitor. ...
  • Cefonicid that had been subjected to heat treatment gave an additional unknown impurity peak, making seven new impurities in all. (separationsnow.com)
  • Separation and characterization of unknown impurities in cefonicid sodium by trap-free two-dimensional liquid chromatography combined with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry. (separationsnow.com)
  • How long have you been taking Cefonicid Solution, Reconstituted (Recon Soln)? (webmd.com)