A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
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A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
Biological Science Disciplines
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
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A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
Vitamin K 1
A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
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An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
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Sub-minimal inhibitory concentrations of cefmetazole enhance serum bactericidal activity in vitro by amplifying poly-C9 deposition. (1/42)Serum-resistant organisms grown in sub-minimal inhibitory concentrations (subMICs) of antibiotics in vitro may be rendered sensitive to complement-mediated, serum bactericidal activity. We measured 125I-C3 and 125I-C9 deposition on genetically serum resistant Salmonella montevideo SH5770 (SH5770) that was rendered serum sensitive by growth in sub-MICs of cefmetazole (CMZ), a parenteral, second generation, cephamycin-group antibiotic. Three times as much C3 and over six times as much C9 bound to SH5770 grown in one-fourth the MIC of CMZ compared to broth-grown bacteria. SDS-PAGE analysis and autoradiography showed that neither the ratio of C3b:iC3b (approximately 1:2.5) nor the nature of the C3-bacterial bond was changed by growing the organisms in CMZ. Large amounts of complement membrane attack complexes containing poly-C9 were seen only on CMZ-grown SH5770 by SDS-PAGE and autoradiography. Poly-C9 was also detected only on CMZ-grown bacteria by indirect immunofluorescence and ELISA using a murine monoclonal antibody directed against a neoantigen of poly-C9. Bacterial hydrophobicity increased after growth in CMZ, and transmission electron micrographs of CMZ-grown SH5770 showed cell wall disruption and blebbing. These results indicate that growth in subMICs of CMZ increases bacterial hydrophobic domains available for interacting with the membrane attack complex, C5b-9, allowing formation and stable insertion of bactericidal complexes containing poly-C9. (+info)
Inhibition of biliary cholesterol and phospholipid secretion by cefmetazole. The role of vesicular transport and of canalicular events. (2/42)A number of organic anions selectively inhibit the biliary secretion of cholesterol and phospholipids without affecting bile acid secretion. We studied the effect of cefmetazole, a third-generation cephalosporin, on biliary lipid secretion in the rat. Injection of cefmetazole at a dose of 200 mumol/kg body wt. induced a choleretic effect and a significant decrease in the biliary output of cholesterol and phospholipid, without changes in bile acid secretion. The decrease was more marked for cholesterol than for phospholipid secretion, with a significant decrease in their molar ratio in bile. The effects were apparently unrelated to an inhibition of intracellular vesicular transport because, after injection of horseradish peroxidase, both the time course and total amount secreted of the protein did not significantly differ between control animals and those receiving cefmetazole. The secretory rate of the lysosomal marker acid phosphatase was not affected by cefmetazole administration. Biliary outputs of the plasma-membrane enzymes alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltransferase were significantly decreased by the antibiotic. These results point to an effect of cefmetazole at the level of the canalicular membrane. (+info)
Verification of cefmetazole and cefpodoxime proxetil contamination to other pharmaceuticals by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. (3/42)Cross-contamination is a critical issue for pharmaceutical manufacturing, especially for beta-lactam antibiotics. Thus, an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of beta-lactam antibiotics cefmetazole (CMZ) and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDXPR) contaminants in non-beta-lactam pharmaceuticals was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The developed method was found to be sensitive at the detection limit of 0.002 ppm for both compounds. Mean recoveries of CMZ and CPDXPR from olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) tablets were 96.7 to 102.2% and 88.9 to 94.2%, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied for the verification of CMZ and CPDXPR contamination to actually manufactured OLM tablets. (+info)
Humanization of excretory pathway in chimeric mice with humanized liver. (4/42)The liver of a chimeric urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA)(+/+)/severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse line recently established in Japan could be replaced by more than 80% with human hepatocytes. We previously reported that the chimeric mice with humanized liver could be useful as a human model in studies on drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics. In the present study, the humanization of an excretory pathway was investigated in the chimeric mice. Cefmetazole (CMZ) was used as a probe drug. The CMZ excretions in urine and feces were 81.0 and 5.9% of the dose, respectively, in chimeric mice and were 23.7 and 59.4% of the dose, respectively, in control uPA(-/-)/SCID mice. Because CMZ is mainly excreted in urine in humans, the excretory profile of chimeric mice was demonstrated to be similar to that of humans. In the chimeric mice, the hepatic mRNA expression of human drug transporters could be quantified. On the other hand, the hepatic mRNA expression of mouse drug transporters in the chimeric mice was significantly lower than in the control uPA(-/-)/SCID mice. In conclusion, chimeric mice exhibited a humanized profile of drug excretion, suggesting that this chimeric mouse line would be a useful animal model in excretory studies. (+info)
Susceptibilities of Mycobacterium fortuitum biovar. fortuitum and the two subgroups of Mycobacterium chelonae to imipenem, cefmetazole, cefoxitin, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. (5/42)MICs of imipenem, cefoxitin, cefmetazole, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid were determined against 100 strains of Mycobacterium fortuitum and 200 strains of Mycobacterium chelonae. Imipenem and cefmetazole were more active against M. fortuitum than cefoxitin was, and imipenem (which inhibited 39% of strains at 8 micrograms/ml) was the only beta-lactam active against M. chelonae subsp. chelonae. (+info)
Comparative evaluation of the pharmacokinetics of N-methylthiotetrazole following administration of cefoperazone, cefotetan, and cefmetazole. (6/42)The comparative pharmacokinetics and in vivo production of N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT) were evaluated following administration of cefoperazone, cefotetan, and cefmetazole. In a randomized-crossover manner, 11 healthy male volunteers received single 2-g intravenous doses of each agent and serial blood and urine samples were collected. Concentrations of NMTT and the parent compound in plasma, urine, and the reconstituted antibiotic solution were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The amounts of NMTT administered were 6.06 +/- 0.46, 14.4 +/- 0.87, and 17.4 +/- 1.06 mg for cefoperazone, cefotetan, and cefmetazole, respectively (P less than 0.05). The mean NMTT plasma concentration-time profiles following administration of each cephalosporin were markedly different. Six hours after dosing, NMTT concentrations in plasma following cefoperazone administration were higher than those following administration of cefmetazole and cefotetan. Urinary recoveries of NMTT averaged 137.0 +/- 37.1, 38.3 +/- 6.98, and 25.2 +/- 5.95 mg following administration of cefoperazone, cefotetan, and cefmetazole, respectively (P less than 0.01). The apparent amount of NMTT produced in vivo, calculated by subtracting the amount of NMTT administered from the amount of NMTT excreted in urine, was significantly lower following cefmetazole administration than after administration of cefoperazone and cefotetan (P less than 0.01). The discrepancy between in vitro NMTT production (cefmetazole greater than cefotetan greater than cefoperazone) and the amount of NMTT formed in vivo and excreted unchanged (cefoperazone greater than cefotetan greater than cefmetazole) suggests that in vivo production of NMTT is dependent on the disposition of the parent cephalosporin. These results further suggest that cephalosporins which undergo extensive biliary excretion, such as cefoperazone, are associated with the greatest amount of in vivo NMTT release, whereas cephalosporins which are primarily renally excreted, such as cefmetazole, are associated with the lowest in vivo production of NMTT. (+info)
Effect of ampicillin, cefmetazole and minocycline on the adherence of Branhamella catarrhalis to pharyngeal epithelial cells. (7/42)Using pharyngeal epithelial cells from a healthy adult and eight strains of Branhamella catarrhalis (B. catarrhalis) isolated from eight patients with respiratory infection the effect of subminimal inhibitory concentrations of cefmetazole, ampicillin and minocycline on adherence was examined. Cefmetazole-treated bacterial attachment (44 +/- 28; mean +/- S.D.) decreased significantly (p less than 0.05) compared to the control (84 +/- 27). Statistically no significant difference in adherence was found between ampicillin-treated bacteria (63 +/- 36) and the control (95 +/- 40) or minocycline-treated bacteria (91 +/- 39) and the control (109 +/- 40). Large bacteria was observed after cefmetazole and ampicillin treatment. In addition to diplococci, tetrads were observed after cefmetazole treatment. Significant correlation between the MICs and adherence ability was not found. The results suggests that these three antibiotics were not responsible for the increase in B. catarrhalis infection by increasing adherence ability. (+info)
A successfully treated case of Vibrio vulnificus septicemia with shock. (8/42)Vibrio vulnificus infection often causes serious or fatal disease. Recently, in Japan there have been numerous reports of Vibrio vulnificus infection. Here, we report a successfully treated case of Vibrio vulnificus septicemia with shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and necrotizing cellulitis in a middle-aged heavy drinker with chronic alcoholic liver disease. On reviewing 38 cases in Japan including ours, the overall mortality rate was 68%. Although the incidence is relatively low, it is recommended to warn patients in the high risk category, such as liver disease patients, to avoid raw fish and shellfish and limit sea water exposure. (+info)
In Vitro Effectiveness of Meropenem and Cefmetazole Combination Treatment Against KPC-2-Producing Enterobacteriaceae<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In Vitro Effectiveness of Meropenem and Cefmetazole Combination Treatment Against KPC-2-Producing Enterobacteriaceae. AU - Hagiya, Hideharu. AU - Aoki, Kotaro. AU - Akeda, Yukihiro. AU - Yamamoto, Norihisa. AU - Shanmugakani, Rathina Kumar. AU - Ishii, Yoshikazu. AU - Tomono, Kazunori. PY - 2019/7/1. Y1 - 2019/7/1. N2 - Purpose: Optimal treatment regimens are yet to be established for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). We assessed the in vitro efficacy of meropenem (MEM) and cefmetazole (CMZ) combination treatment against blaKPC-2-positive Enterobacteriaceae, in comparison with that of double-carbapenem therapy using ertapenem (ERT). Materials and Methods: We performed checkerboard assay for 10 blaKPC-2-positive clinical isolates and Klebsiella pneumoniae BAA-1705 (possessing blaKPC-2), with synergistic effect being defined by a fractional inhibitory concentration index of ≤0.5. Subsequently, we conducted time-kill assays using K. pneumoniae BAA-1705 with an ...
Bactericidal efficacy of meropenem in combination with cefmetazole against IMP-producing carbapenem-resistant...
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are among the most severe threats to public and clinical health because of their high levels of resistance to various antibiotics. We assessed the efficacy of combination therapy with meropenem (MEM) and cefmetazole (CMZ) against Imipenemase (IMP)-producing CRE, using the checkerboard method and time-killing assay on 13 Enterobacteriaceae isolates harboring blaIMP-1 (4 Enterobacter hormaechei, 5 Escherichia coli, and 4 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates) and 13 isolates harboring blaIMP-6 (8 E. coli and 5 K. pneumoniae isolates). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of MEM and CMZ ranged from 2 to 64 and 64 to 2048 μg/mL, respectively. Checkerboard method demonstrated the synergy of the MEM/CMZ combination in all the tested IMP-producing CRE isolates, and the time-kill assay indicated a bactericidal effect for both blaIMP-1 and blaIMP-6 positive CRE when MEM/CMZ combination was used. In vitro, the MEM/CMZ combination was potentially effective against IMP-1-
Novel plasmid-mediated beta-lactamase (MIR-1) conferring resistance to oxyimino- and alpha-methoxy beta-lactams in clinical...
Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from 11 patients at the Miriam Hospital were identified as resistant to cefoxitin and ceftibuten as well as to aztreonam, cefotaxime, and ceftazidime. Resistance could be transferred by conjugation or transformation with plasmid DNA into Escherichia coli and was due to the production of a beta-lactamase with an isoelectric point of 8.4 named MIR-1. In E. coli, MIR-1 conferred resistance to aztreonam, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftibuten, ceftriaxone, and such alpha-methoxy beta-lactams as cefmetazole, cefotetan, cefoxitin, and moxalactam. In vitro, MIR-1 hydrolyzed cephalothin and cephaloridine much more rapidly than it did penicillin G, ampicillin, or carbenicillin. Cefotaxime was hydrolyzed at 10% the rate of cephaloridine. Cefoxitin inactivation could only be detected by a microbiological test. The inhibition profile of MIR-1 was similar to that of chromosomally mediated class I beta-lactamases. Potassium clavulanate had little effect on cefoxitin or cefibuten ...
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The effects of cephem antibiotics and related compounds on the aldehyde dehydrogenase in rat liver mitochondria<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of cephem antibiotics and related compounds on the aldehyde dehydrogenase in rat liver mitochondria. AU - Chiaki, Kamei. AU - Yukio, Sugimoto. AU - Kenji, Tasaka. PY - 1987/6/15. Y1 - 1987/6/15. N2 - The effects of cephem antibiotics and their related compounds on aldehyde dehydrogenase obtained from rat liver mitochondria were studied. A pH of 8.8 and reaction temperature 24° were the conditions for measurement of enzyme activity. The apparent Michaelis constant Km values for NAD, acetaldehyde and propionaldehyde were 3.8 × 10-5 M, 4.0 × 10-5 M and 2.5 × 10-5 M, respectively. Cefamandole, cefoperazone and cefmetazole, having a 1-methyl-5-thiotetrazol group at position 3 of the cephem ring, caused a relatively potent inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Cefmetazole and cefoperazone also showed a significant inhibition on highly purified yeast aldehyde dehydrogenase; the extent of inhibition on yeast enzyme was almost the same as that on rat mitochondrial aldehyde ...
Enhanced Warfarin Response and Antibiotics
Warfarin has been reported to interact with more than 100 drugs, including many antibiotics. Warfarin is a racemic mixture of S- and R-warfarin enantiomers. S-warfarin is considered to have several times more anticoagulant activity than R-warfarin. S-warfarin is primarily metabolized by CYP2C9, whereas Rwarfarin is metabolized by CYP1A2, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4. Thus, one would expect that drugs inhibiting CYP2C9, and therefore S-warfarin metabolism, would increase the concentration of warfarin and enhance its anticoagulant effect (Table). Other antibiotics have been reported to increase warfarin response. Some?such as moxalactam, cefoperazone, cefamandole, cefotetan, and cefmetazole?appear to inhibit the formation of clotting factors and indirectly increase the effect of warfarin. As with the antibiotics that are inhibitors of CYP2C9, there may be a reasonable mechanism for these purported interactions. For the majority of antibiotics associated with warfarin interactions, however, there is no ...
Efficacy of combination therapy against mrsa in ibaraki prefecture<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Efficacy of combination therapy against mrsa in ibaraki prefecture. AU - Otsuka, Morio. AU - Sawahata, Tatsuo. AU - Nakai, Toshiaki. AU - Hasegawa, Shizuo. AU - Iwata, Satoshi. AU - Yoshizawa, Yasuyuki. AU - Ishida, Hiroshi. AU - Irokawa, Masataka. AU - Goto, Atsushi. AU - Shinohara, Yoko. AU - Togawa, Shinichi. AU - Monma, Yuji. PY - 1994/1/1. Y1 - 1994/1/1. N2 - Clinical efficacies of fosfomycin (FOM) or arbekacin (ABK) plus β-lactam combination therapies against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections were examined in 15 major hospitals in Ibaraki Prefecture. The subjects were 54 inpatients from January 1991 to April 1993, and most of them showed moderate to severe infections with underlying diseases. MRSA alone was isolated from 23 patients and the other 31 patients had polymicobes including MRSA. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most frequent among the co-isolated strains. The number of patients treated with FOM and cefmetazole (CMZ) was 22 (Group C) and ...
Mycobacterium goodii - Wikipedia
Mycobacterium goodii is an acid-fast bacterial species in the phylum Actinobacteria and the genus Mycobacterium. M. goodii cells are Gram-positive, nonmotile, acid-fast rods. Colonies of M. goodii are smooth to mucoid, off-white to cream coloured. in After 10-14 days incubation, 78% of all strains produce a yellow or orange pigment. Strains of M. goodii show rapid growth on Middlebrook 7H10 and trypticase soy agar at 30°C, 35°C and 45°C within 2-4 days. They are susceptible to the antibiotics amikacin, ethambutol, and sulfamethoxazole but show intermediate susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, doxycycline and tobramycin and variable susceptibility to cefmetazole, cefoxitin and clarithromycin. They are resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin. M. goodii is found in many of the same settings as M. smegmatis and members of the M. fortuitum complex. It can cause post-traumatic wound infections especially those following open fractures and with associated osteomyelitis and chronic lipoid ...
Severe Clostridium difficile Enteritis after Laparoscopic Lower Anterior Resection - SAGES Abstract Archives
Hanae Matsumoto, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuma Sato, Toshihiko Mouri, Noriyasu Tamura, Michiya Bando. Kawakita general hospital. Background: The number of laparoscopic surgeries is increasing because of minimal invasion of the patient. Compared with open abdominal surgeries, they are likely to produce less postoperative paralysis of the intestine. But ileus is an important complication for laparoscopic surgeries too: sometimes it could cause death. We experienced a rare case of severe Clostridium difficile infection, not only in the colon but also in the small intestine, after a laparoscopic lower anterior resection.. Case Presentation: A 75-year- old man diagnosed with rectal cancer (adenocarcinoma). The clinical staging was cT2N0M0 cStage?. A laparoscopic lower anterior resection with covering ileostomy was conducted. there was no trouble during the operation. The patient began to eat and walk on post operative day (POD)1. Till POD2, we used prophylactic antibiotics: cefmetazole 2g/day. On POD10, ...
Cefotetan is a type of injection given to treat or prevent certain bacterial infections. This page from the eMedTV site takes a look at a number of topics related to this prescription antibiotic, including how it works, how it is given, and side effects.
Altmetric - Electrochemical behavior and antioxidant activity of tetradentate Schiff bases and their copper(II) complexes
Older research outputs will score higher simply because theyve had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 100,808 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 65% of its contemporaries ...
Vitamin K | University of Maryland Medical Center
Booth SL, Al Rajabi A. Determinants of vitamin K status in humans. Vitam Horm. 2008;78:1-22.. Borrelli F, Ernst E. Alternative and complementary therapies for the menopause. Maturitas. 2010 Aug;66(4):333-43. Review.. Breen GA, St. Peter WL. Hypoprothrombinemia associated with cefmetazole. Ann Pharmacother. 1997;31(2):180-184.. Bugel S. Vitamin K and bone health in adult humans. Vitam Horm. 2008;78:393-416.. Crowther MA, Julian J, McCarty D, et al. Treatment of warfarin-associated coagulopathy with oral vitamin K: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 2000;356(9241):1551-1553.. Dennehy C, Tsourounis C. A review of select vitamins and minerals used by postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2010 Aug;66(4):370-80. Review.. Goldman L, Ausiello D. Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier. 2007;181.. Kitchin B, Morgan SL. Not just calcium and vitamin D: other nutritional considerations in osteoporosis. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2007 Apr;9(1):85-92. Review.. McCormick RK. Osteoporosis: ...
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What is the systemic clearance of Tramadol 50 mg?
1 Answer (question resolved) - Posted in: tramadol, systemic - Answer: Medical literature indicates that Tramadols elimination half-life is a ...
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Development and validation of a high-performance size-exclusion chromatography method for polymer determination in cefmetazole ... is more suitable for determination of polymer amount in cefmetazole sodium for injection to control the quality of the product. ... method to determine the amount of polymer in cefmetazole sodium for injection and to compare this method with gel ... and the amount was expressed by the percentage of cefmetazole. The HPSEC method was validated for specificity, linearity, and ...
- Some?such as moxalactam, cefoperazone, cefamandole, cefotetan, and cefmetazole?appear to inhibit the formation of clotting factors and indirectly increase the effect of warfarin. (pharmacytimes.com)
- Unlabeled test compounds, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, valsartan, cefmetazole, and cefoperazone exhibited varying degrees of in vitro biliary excretion in the cumulative uptake study using SCRH. (aspetjournals.org)
- Haisco Pharma's firstaid drugs comprise cefotene hydrochloride, sodium fusidate, cefmetazole sodium, cefmenoxime hydrochloride and cefoperazone sodium tazobactam sodium. (bioportfolio.com)
- A prospective, randomized, open comparison of three 1 g doses of cefmetazole with three 2 g doses of cefoxitin for non-elective Caesarean section was performed. (elsevier.com)
- The incidence was the same in both groups, 5/50 (10%) in the cefmetazole group and 2/19 (10.5%) in the cefoxitin group. (elsevier.com)
- Febrile morbidity, as reflected in the fever index, was not significantly different between the groups, 10.2 ± 18.5 degree hours in the cefmetazole group and 7.5 ± 11.7 degree hours in the cefoxitin group. (elsevier.com)
- Cefmetazole to be equivalent to cefoxitin in reducing post-Caesarean section endomyometritis. (elsevier.com)
- Group IV (cephamycins): eg cefoxitin, moxolactam, cefmetazole. (vetstream.com)
Efficacy of meropenem1
- We assessed the in vitro efficacy of meropenem (MEM) and cefmetazole (CMZ) combination treatment against bla KPC-2 -positive Enterobacteriaceae, in comparison with that of double-carbapenem therapy using ertapenem (ERT). (elsevier.com)
- Cefmetazole is a cephamycin antibiotic, usually grouped with the second-generation cephalosporins. (wikipedia.org)
- The chemical structure of cefmetazole, like that of several other cephalosporins, contains an N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT or 1-MTT) side chain. (wikipedia.org)
- The binding affinity of cefmetazole for the penicillin-binding protein 2' fraction specific for MR S. aureus was higher than that of methicillin, cloxacillin, cefazolin, and cefotaxime. (core.ac.uk)
- Of the Citrobacter isolates from all episodes, 54% were resistant to cefazolin, and only 18% were susceptible to cefmetazole. (medsci.org)
- Cefmetazole is used to study protein mediated transport of antibiotics. (discofinechem.com)
- Cefmetazole (CMZ) is a cephamycin's antibiotics developed in Japan that has high antibacterial activity against gram-negative and anaerobic bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Exposure of cefmetazole plus fosfomycin to exponentially growing cultures at a concentration at which both antibiotics had no bactericidal effect when given alone exerted bactericidal action. (core.ac.uk)
- Till POD2, we used prophylactic antibiotics: cefmetazole 2g/day. (sages.org)
- Other antibiotics were present at mean concentrations below 15 ng L −1 , except cefmetazole, present at a mean concentration of 35.6 ng L −1 . (springer.com)
- 2006. There is no effective M. immunogenum treatment, due to the resistance of the bacterium to a wide variety of antibiotics such as cefmetazole, ciprofloxacin, and doxycycline (Jaén-Luchoro et al. (kenyon.edu)
- Through the experiments explained below, we used meropenem trihydrate (Tokyo Chemical Industry, Japan, Tokyo) and cefmetazole sodium salt (Sigma-Aldrich, Saint Louis, MO, United States) as antibiotic agents. (biomedcentral.com)
- Cefmetazole is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin antimicrobial and has been effective in treating bacteria responsible for causing urinary tract and skin infections. (wikipedia.org)
- Antibacterial activity of cefmetazole alone and in combination with fosfomycin against methicillin- and cephem-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. (core.ac.uk)
- In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of cefmetazole alone and in combination with fosfomycin against methicillin- and cephem-resistant (MR) strains of Staphylococcus aureus were investigated, and the mechanism of synergistic effect between cefmetazole and fosfomycin was also studied. (core.ac.uk)
- the antibacterial activity of cefmetazole against these strains was enhanced approximately 4 times with the addition of fosfomycin at a concentration of 1.56 micrograms/ml. (core.ac.uk)
- A synergy experiment in vitro was performed by checkerboard titration with Mueller-Hinton agar plates containing various concentrations and ratios of cefmetazole and fosfomycin. (core.ac.uk)
- Combined administration of cefmetazole with fosfomycin at a ratio of 1:1 against systemic MR S. aureus infections with mice showed an excellent therapeutic efficacy as compared with administration of either antibiotic alone. (core.ac.uk)
- Cefmetazole, free acid Susceptibility and Concentration Range (μg/ml) Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) Data" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
- Few studies have reported the dosage of cefmetazole (CMZ) for intraoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in patients underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. (biomedcentral.com)
- We assessed the efficacy of combination therapy with meropenem (MEM) and cefmetazole (CMZ) against Imipenemase (IMP)-producing CRE, using the checkerboard method and time-killing assay on 13 Enterobacteriaceae isolates harboring bla IMP-1 (4 Enterobacter hormaechei , 5 Escherichia coli , and 4 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates) and 13 isolates harboring bla IMP-6 (8 E. coli and 5 K. pneumoniae isolates). (biomedcentral.com)
- 5.2 Market Competition of Cefmetazole Sodium for Injectio Industry by Country (USA, EU, Japan, Chinese etc. (researchmoz.us)
- What is the definition or description of: Cefmetazole allergy? (healthtap.com)
- The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Cefmetazole Sodium for Injectio manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including its definition, applications and manufacturing technology. (researchmoz.us)
- The 'Global and Chinese Cefmetazole Sodium for Injectio Industry, 2012-2022 Market Research Report' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Cefmetazole Sodium for Injectio industry with a focus on the Chinese market. (researchmoz.us)
- Cefmetazole is used to study the effect of expression, binding, and inhibition of penicillin-binding proteins (PDPs) other than PBP2 on bacterial cell wall mucopeptide synthesis. (discofinechem.com)
- We value your input so if you have suggestions regarding new applications for Cefmetazole Sodium email us and we will include your contribution on the website. (discofinechem.com)
- Cefmetazole was not effective, and there was no focus of infection. (springer.com)