Cebus: A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Saimiri: A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.Heart Septal Defects, Atrial: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)PhilippinesLongitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Sleep, REM: A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)De Lange Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by growth retardation, severe MENTAL RETARDATION, short stature, a low-pitched growling cry, brachycephaly, low-set ears, webbed neck, carp mouth, depressed nasal bridge, bushy eyebrows meeting at the midline, hirsutism, and malformations of the hands. The condition may occur sporadically or be associated with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance or duplication of the long arm of chromosome 3. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p231)Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Space-Time Clustering: A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.TaiwanHealth ResortsIslands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Skiing: A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.CpG Islands: Areas of increased density of the dinucleotide sequence cytosine--phosphate diester--guanine. They form stretches of DNA several hundred to several thousand base pairs long. In humans there are about 45,000 CpG islands, mostly found at the 5' ends of genes. They are unmethylated except for those on the inactive X chromosome and some associated with imprinted genes.BooksMesotherapy: The application of medicine, vitamins, extracts, or other bioactive substances for a localized effect via multiple subcutaneous injections or perfusion of substances into the various layers of the skin below the EPIDERMIS.Cosmetic Techniques: Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.Exhibits as Topic: Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.Rejuvenation: The phenomenon of youthfulness, vitality, and freshness being restored. This can apply to appearance, TISSUES, organ functions, or other areas.Nostrums: Medicines whose effectiveness is unproven and whose ingredients are often secret.Mycobacterium chelonae: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria commonly found in soil and occasionally isolated from sputum. It causes postoperative wound infections as well as gluteal abscesses.Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.Gulf of Mexico: A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Otters: Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.Progressive Patient Care: Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.Stars, Celestial: Large bodies consisting of self-luminous gas held together by their own gravity. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)RestaurantsAir Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Tonga: An archipelago in Polynesia in the southwest Pacific Ocean, comprising about 150 islands. It is a kingdom whose capital is Nukualofa. It was discovered by the Dutch in 1616, visited by Tasman in 1643, and by Captain Cook in 1773 and 1777. The modern kingdom was established during the reign of King George Tupou I, 1845-93. It became a British protectorate in 1900 and gained independence in 1970. The name Tonga may be of local origin, meaning either island or holy. Its other name, Friendly Islands, was given by Captain Cook from the welcome given him by the natives. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1219 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p549)Neurofibrosarcoma: A malignant tumor that arises from small cutaneous nerves, is locally aggressive, and has a potential for metastasis. Characteristic histopathologic features include proliferating atypical spindle cells with slender wavy and pointed nuclei, hypocellular areas, and areas featuring organized whorls of fibroblastic proliferation. The most common primary sites are the extremities, retroperitoneum, and trunk. These tumors tend to present in childhood, often in association with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p1662; Mayo Clin Proc 1990 Feb;65(2):164-72)Swimming PoolsDiapers, Infant: Absorbent pads designed to be worn by infants and very young children.

Pharmacokinetics of orally administered desferrithiocin analogs in cebus apella primates. (1/239)

The pharmacokinetic behavior of three iron chelators based on the desferrithiocin (DFT) pharmacophore, (S)-4, 5-dihydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid (desmethyldesferrithiocin, DMDFT, 2); (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid [4-(S)-hydroxydesazaDMDFT, 3); and (R)-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxazolinecarboxylic acid, the oxazoline analog of desazaDMDFT, 4, is described. Although 2 and 3 are comparably effective in inducing iron excretion upon oral administration, they exhibit markedly different plasma pharmacokinetics. Ligand 2 achieves a substantially higher plasma concentration than does 3, yet the renal clearance of these compounds is similar. The oxazoline analog 4 shows poor iron clearance when administered orally, although it remains in the plasma for extended periods. Chelator 4 demonstrates a marked capacity to bind to human serum albumin compared with the thiazoline derivatives. The possible implications for designing ligands for the treatment of transfusional iron overload are discussed.  (+info)

Evidence for active control of rectus extraocular muscle pulleys. (2/239)

PURPOSE: Connective tissue structures constrain paths of the rectus extraocular muscles (EOMs), acting as pulleys and serving as functional EOM origins. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of orbital and global EOM layers to pulleys and kinematic implications of this anatomy. METHODS: High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to define the anterior paths of rectus EOMs, as influenced by gaze direction in living subjects. Pulley tissues were examined at cadaveric dissections and surgical exposures. Human and monkey orbits were step and serially sectioned for histologic staining to distinguish EOM fiber layers in relationship to pulleys. RESULTS: MRI consistently demonstrated gaze-related shifts in the anteroposterior locations of human EOM path inflections, as well as shifts in components of the pulleys themselves. Histologic studies of human and monkey orbits confirmed gross examinations and surgical exposures to indicate that the orbital layer of each rectus EOM inserts on its corresponding pulley, rather than on the globe. Only the global layer of the EOM inserts on the sclera. This dual insertion was visualized in vivo by MRI in human horizontal rectus EOMs. CONCLUSIONS: The authors propose the active-pulley hypothesis: By dual insertions the global layer of each rectus EOM rotates the globe while the orbital layer inserts on its pulley to position it linearly and thus influence the EOM's rotational axis. Pulley locations may also be altered in convergence. This overall arrangement is parsimoniously suited to account for numerous aspects of ocular dynamics and kinematics, including Listing's law.  (+info)

Binocular disparity can explain the orientation of ocular dominance stripes in primate primary visual area (V1). (3/239)

In the primate primary visual area (V1), the ocular dominance pattern consists of alternating monocular stripes. Stripe orientation follows systematic trends preserved across several species. I propose that these trends result from minimizing the length of intra-cortical wiring needed to recombine information from the two eyes in order to achieve the perception of depth. I argue that the stripe orientation at any point of V1 should follow the direction of binocular disparity in the corresponding point of the visual field. The optimal pattern of stripes determined from this argument agrees with the ocular dominance pattern of macaque and Cebus monkeys. This theory predicts that for any point in the visual field the limits of depth perception are greatest in the direction along the ocular dominance stripes at that point.  (+info)

Photoreceptor topography of the retina in the New World monkey Cebus apella. (4/239)

The number and topographical distribution of photoreceptors was studied in whole-mounted retinas of Cebus apella. It was estimated a total of 48 million rods and 3.8 million cones. The average peak foveal cone density and the Nyquist Limit at the foveola were estimated as 169, 127 cells/mm(2) and 46.77+/-7.98 cyc/deg, respectively. A cone-enriched rim was found near the ora serrata, more noticeable in the nasal retina. Rod distribution was asymmetrical along horizontal and vertical meridians with a higher density in the dorsal retina. The rod/cone ratio was variable and asymmetrical along both meridians.  (+info)

Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of N1,N11-diethylnorspermine in a Cebus apella primate model. (5/239)

The tissue distribution, metabolic profile, and pharmacokinetic parameters of i.v.-administered N1,N11-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) are evaluated in Cebus apella primates, and the results are compared with data gathered from canine and human studies. Although the metabolic processing of DENSPM (i.e., deethylation and deaminopropylation) in dogs and primates is very similar, there are some significant differences in tissue distribution of the parent drug. In dogs, the organ concentration of DENSPM follows the order kidney >> liver approximately = lung > spleen. In the primate, the order is liver >> kidney approximately = spleen > lung. The difference in pharmacokinetic parameters between the species is profound with (area under the time-concentration curve)primate << (area under the time-concentration curve)dog; (terminal elimination half-life)primate << (terminal elimination half-life)dog; and (mean residence time)primate << (mean residence time)dog. The most notable difference between dogs and primates is seen in the fraction of parent drug excreted unchanged in the urine, 50% in the dog and < 1% in the primate. However, the pharmacokinetic parameters and urinary drug clearance in C. apella primates are remarkably similar to those in humans. Thus, C. apella is established as an excellent model for assessing the metabolism, tissue distribution, and pharmacokinetic properties of polyamine analogues.  (+info)

Scanning electron microscopy study of the choroid plexus in the monkey (Cebus apella apella). (6/239)

The cells of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella were examined through scanning electron microscopy at contributing to the description of such structures in primates. The animals were anesthetized previously with 3% hypnol intraperitoneally and after perfusion with 2.5% glutaraldehyde, samples of the choroid plexus were collected after exhibition of the central portion and inferior horn of the lateral ventricles. The ventricular surface of those cells presents globose form as well as fine interlaced protrusions named microvilli. Among those, it is observed the presence of some cilia. Resting on the choroid epithelial cells there is a variable number of free cells, with fine prolongations which extend from them. They are probably macrophages and have been compared to Kolmer cells or epiplexus cells, located on choroid epithelium. The choroid plexus of the encephalic lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella at scanning electron microscopy is similar to that of other primates, as well as to that of other species of mammals mainly cats and rats, and also humans.  (+info)

Cerebellar projections to the prefrontal cortex of the primate. (7/239)

The cerebellum is known to project via the thalamus to multiple motor areas of the cerebral cortex. In this study, we examined the extent and anatomical organization of cerebellar input to multiple regions of prefrontal cortex. We first used conventional retrograde tracers to map the origin of thalamic projections to five prefrontal regions: medial area 9 (9m), lateral area 9 (9l), dorsal area 46 (46d), ventral area 46, and lateral area 12. Only areas 46d, 9m, and 9l received substantial input from thalamic regions included within the zone of termination of cerebellar efferents. This suggested that these cortical areas were the target of cerebellar output. We tested this possibility using retrograde transneuronal transport of the McIntyre-B strain of herpes simplex virus type 1 from areas of prefrontal cortex. Neurons labeled by retrograde transneuronal transport of virus were found in the dentate nucleus only after injections into areas 46d, 9m, and 9l. The precise location of labeled neurons in the dentate varied with the prefrontal area injected. In addition, the dentate neurons labeled after virus injections into prefrontal areas were located in regions spatially separate from those labeled after virus injections into motor areas of the cerebral cortex. Our observations indicate that the cerebellum influences several areas of prefrontal cortex via the thalamus. Furthermore, separate output channels exist in the dentate to influence motor and cognitive operations. These results provide an anatomical substrate for the cerebellum to be involved in cognitive functions such as planning, working memory, and rule-based learning.  (+info)

M and P retinal ganglion cells of the owl monkey: morphology, size and photoreceptor convergence. (8/239)

We have estimated photoreceptor convergence to M and P retinal ganglion cells of two closely related nocturnal (owl monkey, Aotus) and diurnal (capuchin monkey, Cebus) anthropoids. Rod convergence is higher in the owl monkey retina while cone convergence to both M and P cells are very similar in the retinas of the owl monkey and the capuchin monkey. These results indicate that during evolution, the owl monkey retina has undergone changes compatible with a more nocturnal lifestyle, but kept a cone to ganglion cell relation similar to that found in diurnal primates.  (+info)

Fusobacterium nucleatum é um anaeróbio estrito e considerado membro da microbiota indígena da cavidade bucal humana. É comumente observado em diferentes infecções monomicrobianas e mistas em humanos e animais. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o perfil plasmidial de F. nucleatum orais isolados de pacientes com doença periodontal, indivíduos sadios, e de macacos Cebus apella, e verificar a estabilidade plasmidial e a associação com genes de resistência à penicilina. Quarenta e cinco cepas de F. nucleatum orais isoladas de pacientes, 38 de indivíduos sadios e sete de macacos C. apella, foram examinadas. A extração plasmidial realizada detectou plasmídios em 26,7% das cepas humanas e em apenas uma cepa de C. apella. A maioria das cepas apresentou duas bandas plasmidiais variando de 4 a 16 Kb, e as digestões com endonucleases demonstraram serem essas bandas pertencentes a um único plasmídio, sendo classificados em três grupos segundo o tamanho. Cepas de indivíduos sadios não ...
American Journal of Primatology 70:254-260 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE Consistency of Hand Preference Across Low-level and High-level Tasks in Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus apella) ALAYNA L. LILAK AND KIMBERLEY A. PHILLIPS Department of Psychology, Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio Numerous studies investigating behavioral lateralization in capuchins have been published. Although some research groups have reported a population-level hand preference, other researchers have argued that capuchins do not show hand preference at the population level. As task complexity influences the expression of handedness in other primate species, the purpose of this study was to collect hand preference data across a variety of high- and low-level tasks to evaluate how task complexity influences the expression of hand preference in capuchins. We tested eleven captive brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) to determine if they show consistent hand preferences across multiple high- and lowlevel tasks. Capuchins were expected to ...
We compared the performance of dichromats and trichromats in a discrimination task. We examined tri- and dichromatic individuals of two species: brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). We also examined one protanomalous chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). The results demonstrate that dichromatic nonhuman primates possess a superior visual ability to discriminate color-camouflaged stimuli, and that such an ability may confer selective advantages with respect to the detection of cryptic foods and/or predators. ...
Transcalciferin" (the serum transport protein for cholecalciferol and related substances) of two New World monkeys, Cebus apella and Cebus albifrons, was found to be immunologically identical with the transcalciferin of other monkeys and partially with that of man. In contrast with the α-globulin mobility of the transcalciferin of other primates, the transcalciferin of cebus monkey has the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Most of the serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol was precipitable with isolated monospecific anti-(human transcalciferin) γ-globulins but not with anti-(human albumin) γ-globulins. These results indicate that the transport of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the cebus monkey is not due to albumin itself but to transcalciferin with the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Similar variants of transcalciferin also exist in man. ...
The asymmetric dominance effect (ADE) occurs when the introduction of a partially dominated decoy option increases the choice share of its dominating alter
Non-human primates have complex relationships with conspecifics and also other animals with whom they share their habitat in the wild. Some primates, such as capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), naturally associate, with the potential to act as both proximate and ultimate influences on each others behavior. There are a number of benefits to exhibiting such species in mixed communities in captivity, for instance the increased social complexity provides both environmental and social enrichment and appropriate cognitive challenges, ultimately enhancing their welfare in restricted captive enclosures. Monitoring how these species interact and utilize their available space is important for effective care and management. But despite this connection, there remains relatively little conclusive data on whether mixed groups of captive primates are cognitively enriching. This study examined patterns of space use in two mixed-species groups of Sapajus and Saimiri housed ...
Animal signals are argued to function to manipulate the behaviour of signal receivers in a way that preferentially benefits the signaller (Dawkins & Krebs 1978; Krebs & Dawkins 1984). Anti-predator signals have long been challenging to explain because of the danger that the signaller imparts on itself in an apparent attempt to warn others of impending danger. While numerous hypotheses potentially explain how an individual who has detected a predator can benefit directly or indirectly by eliciting anti-predator behaviour in conspecifics (see the reviews by Hauser 1996; Wheeler 2008), individuals could also use alarm calls in the absence of a predator to distract signal receivers and take advantage of the momentary diversion of attention. Cases such as this wherein individuals produce a signal outside its normal context in order to distract listeners is a form of what has been termed tactical or functional deception (Whiten & Byrne 1988; Hauser 1996, 1997).. Functionally deceptive behaviours are ...
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii, 1-824 pp doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: page 19. ...
Parasites have been investigated for some New World primates; however, very little is known about ectoparasites and specifically fur mites. In this study, Alouatta palliata, Cebus capucinus, Saimiri oerstedii, and Ateles geoffroyi monkeys from different areas of Costa Rica were searched for fur mites. A total of 276 monkeys were evaluated, and 51 of them were positive for mites of the family Atopomelidae. Listrocarpus alouattae was identified on 22.3% of A. palliata; Listrocarpus capucinus on 12.8% of C. capucinus; and Listrocarpus costaricensis on 36.8% of S. oerstedii; No fur mites were found on A. geoffroyi. Sex was not considered a determinant of mite infestation, but prevalence was significantly higher in the Central Volcanic Mountain Range Conservation Area for L. alouattae (p=0.01) and in the Central Pacific Conservation Area for L. capucinus (p=0.002). These primate fur mites are highly host-specific. Differences in the geographical distribution may be due to monkey behavior and history, ...
The effects of known uricosuric agents have been examined by standard clearance techniques in male Cebus monkeys. Probenecid was effective in promoting uricosuria at p.o. doses greater than 10 mg/kg. Sulfinpyrasone was only mildly active in this species. Zoxazolamine, at p.o. doses sufficient to produce marked uricosuria in man, was inactive. Phenylbutasone was weakly active; carinamide did not elicit a uricosuric response under our experimental conditions. Iodopyracet at high loads was markedly uricosuric. Chlorothiaside at i.v. doses of 25 mg/kg elicited a biphasic response of uricosuria followed by urate retention. The relative inactivity of certain uricosuric agents in the Cebus monkey is thought to be due to either a basic difference from man in the urate transport system or the result of rapid biotransformation to an inactive metabolite(s), poor oral adsorption or a combination of these.. ...
Capuchins are part of the group of monkeys called New world Monkeys. The name comes from their color which is likened to the Franciscans cowls, and they were
Summary 1. We received a juvenile squirrel-monkey, Leontocebus geoffroyi (Pucheran) with a naturally acquired spirochetosis on May 20, 1930. This animal had been in captivity for a short time in the region of Arraijan and La Chorrera, Republic of Panama. This region has long been known as an endemic center for relapsing fever. 2. We secured, in August, 1930, two monkeys of this same species that were positive for a scant or latent infection of apparently the same spirochete. These animals were captured in the jungle at a point on the banks of the Tuira river above Boca de Cupe, Dárien Province, Republic of Panama. Twenty other specimens captured on the same expedition failed to show the infection. All were post mortem examinations. 3. We have passed the spirochetal infection from the squirrel-monkeys to white mice, white rats, one guinea pig, white-faced monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator Thomas), red spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi Kuhl), a night monkey (Aotus zonalis Goldman) and to numerous
(2087) Sterna albifrons albifrons. THE LITTLE TERN or TERNLET. Sterna albifrons Vroeg, Cat. Verzam. Vogel Adum., p. 6 (1767) (Holland). Sterna minuta. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 321. Vernacular names. None recorded.
New world monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and old world monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many new world monkeys in its scientific collections.
New world monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and old world monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many new world monkeys in its scientific collections.
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for gouty arthritis, and renal failure. As many compounds interfere with the renal transport of uric acid, a screening test is necessary to detect if newly developed drugs affect urate transport and, consequently, urate plasma levels. At present such a drug screening is performed with an in vivo method (uric acid renal clearance measurements) in rats and Cebus monkeys. Recently, a cell line originating from human kidney, which has transport characteristics from proximal tubule, has been developped. By growing these cells on a porous support, an epithelium is formed ...
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for gouty arthritis, and renal failure. As many compounds interfere with the renal transport of uric acid, a screening test is necessary to detect if newly developed drugs affect urate transport and, consequently, urate plasma levels. At present such a drug screening is performed with an in vivo method (uric acid renal clearance measurements) in rats and Cebus monkeys. Recently, a cell line originating from human kidney, which has transport characteristics from proximal tubule, has been developped. By growing these cells on a porous support, an epithelium is formed ...
The study not only reveals that capuchin monkeys are able to individually recognize familiar faces, but it also convincingly demonstrates they understand the two-dimensional representational nature of photographs," says lead researcher Jennifer Pokorny. "The fact these monkeys correctly determined which faces belonged to in-group versus out-group members, corresponding to their personal experiences, validates the conclusion that capuchin monkeys view images of faces as humans do -- as individuals they do or do not know.. For the study, the capuchins viewed photographs of four different faces. One of the four pictures was of a capuchin from their own group, which they needed to tell apart from three strangers. They also needed to do the reverse, differentiating one stranger from three familiar individuals.. "This required monkeys to look at similar-looking faces and use their personal knowledge of group mates to solve the task," says Pokorny. "They readily performed the task and continued to do ...
The study not only reveals that capuchin monkeys are able to individually recognize familiar faces, but it also convincingly demonstrates they understand the two-dimensional representational nature of photographs," says lead researcher Jennifer Pokorny. "The fact these monkeys correctly determined which faces belonged to in-group versus out-group members, corresponding to their personal experiences, validates the conclusion that capuchin monkeys view images of faces as humans do -- as individuals they do or do not know.. For the study, the capuchins viewed photographs of four different faces. One of the four pictures was of a capuchin from their own group, which they needed to tell apart from three strangers. They also needed to do the reverse, differentiating one stranger from three familiar individuals.. "This required monkeys to look at similar-looking faces and use their personal knowledge of group mates to solve the task," says Pokorny. "They readily performed the task and continued to do ...
Quantity discrimination abilities are seen in a diverse range of species with similarities in performance patterns, suggesting common underlying cognitive mechanisms. However, methodological factors that impact performance make it difficult to draw broad phylogenetic comparisons of numerical cognition across studies. For example, some Old World monkeys selected a higher quantity stimulus more frequently when choosing between inedible (pebbles) than edible (food) stimuli. In Experiment 1 we presented brown capuchin (Cebus [Sapajus] paella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with the same two-choice quantity discrimination task in three different stimulus conditions: edible, inedible, and edible replaced (in which choice stimuli were food items that stood in for the same quantity of food items that were given as a reward ...
I am currently a PhD student in the Cognitive Sciences program at Georgia State University working with Dr. Sarah Brosnan. My interests largely lie within the domains of social behavior and cognition, taking a comparative approach studying species across the Primate order (including humans). For my Masters thesis, I am looking at how changes in affective state (both positive and negative) affect social behavior and cognition in capuchin monkeys. I am also interested in decision-making research aimed at gaining a better understanding of how and why individuals make certain decisions, both within and outside of social situations. Over the past year I have been working on a study with capuchin monkeys, investigating the effects of Oxytocin on decision-making across several different economic games.. Before coming to Georgia State University, I earned my Bachelors degree in animal behavior from Bucknell University. During my time as an undergraduate I was able to work closely with both capuchin ...
In the past, the white-faced ibis faced many threats from humans. Studies completed in Utah in the 1960s (before this species was added to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act) showed that 82.9% of recorded deaths in banded birds were a result of being shot.[3] However, the main causes of decline of this species previously were pesticides and habitat destruction.[4] The pesticide DDT caused eggshells to be so thin and fragile that parent white-faced ibises crushed the eggs when they were incubating them.[4] Also, since this species is so dependent on wetlands and marshes for both feeding and nesting, changes to water systems such as pollution and man-made draining of water habitats had devastating impacts on members of this species in the past.[6][7] In order to correct these damages, DDT was banned in 1970 and various programs were created to better maintain and protect wetland nesting habitats.[9] Yet, there is still some debate as to whether or not populations of white-faced ibises in all geographic ...
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See short video below of monkeys vehemently rejecting unequal pay. This video should not be missed.). According to the principle of parsimony, if a trait is seen in both humans and animals that are closely related to humans, say chimps, the most likely-most parsimonious-explanation is that the trait had already existed before humans and chimps parted in their evolutionary lineages. This is the logic behind the recent discoveries of behaviors such as consciousness, tool use, language, and culture in non-human primates, all of which were widely-but wrongly-conceived as uniquely human only a few decades ago.. Brosnan and de Waals finding of fairness in the capuchin monkey has settled the long-standing question of whether animals have a sense of fairness and further blurred the line between humans and other animals in a new territory: the sphere of morality.. ***. The questions now are how fairness works and why it evolved. Part of the answers lies in monkeys like the capuchin. But monkeys are ...
After generous support from the public, a monkey sanctuary in Cornwall managed to raise £6,000 and rescue a capuchin monkey.. The monkey, named Daisy, was originally confiscated from an exotic animal breeder in Wales where she was isolated from any others of her breed. She was found with healed cigarette burns and poorly mended fractured fingers.. Daisy was also found to have a laparotomy scar - often a sign of being in a laboratory breeding facility.. She was then taken on by a caring couple in Gloucester who nursed her back to health and even found her a fellow capuchin to keep her company. Unfortunately, after several years together he died, leaving Daisy alone again and desperate for company.. A team of experienced primate keepers made the journey on January 7 to collect Daisy.. Site manager for Wild Futures Monkey Sanctuary in Looe Tjark Plat, said: "Everything went very smoothly on the day. We custom-build equipment for each rescue to ensure it is as stress free as possible.". The ...
Frans de Waal, PhD, director of the Living Links Center at the Yerkes Research Center, and Kristi Leimgruber, research specialist, led a team of researchers who exchanged tokens for food with eight adult female capuchins. Each capuchin was paired with a relative, an unrelated familiar female from her own social group or a stranger (a female from a different group). The capuchins then were given the choice of two tokens: the selfish option, which rewarded that capuchin alone with an apple slice; or the prosocial option, which rewarded both capuchins with an apple slice. The monkeys predominantly selected the prosocial token when paired with a relative or familiar individual but not when paired with a stranger ...
A pet monkey is a monkey kept as a pet. Monkeys have often been favorite pets of queens such as Catherine de Medici and Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I. When the British first began to explore Africa, young monkeys were often captured and taken back on board the ship to entertain sailors. For example, a Senegal monkey was kept as a pet by a ships cook in the 19th century and entertained passengers with its antics. Some were later kept in zoos; many modern captive monkeys in the UK are descended from such Victorian-era monkeys. The same practice is thought to have occurred during the Napoleonic wars; it is rumored that such practices led to a monkey being washed ashore and hanged in Hartlepool, causing the people of Hartlepool to be nicknamed the Monkey Hangers. Some organizations train capuchin monkeys as monkey helpers to assist quadriplegics and other people with severe spinal cord injuries or mobility impairments. After being socialized in a human home as infants, the monkeys undergo ...
A Wayne County man was found guilty recently in magisterial court in Hawley of possessing a Capuchin monkey without a permit. John A. Poliandro of Lakeville purchased the monkey for just under $10,000 from Cheryls Primates, in Chillicothe, Mo., and the monkey was transported illegally into Pennsylvania, according to Wayne County Wildlife Conservation Officer James McCarthy.Separately, Cheryl Ullrich of Chillicothe, Mo., was charged with the illegal importation of game or wildlife and
Tommy is a Capuchin monkey and loves to meet new friends, but when he met Sparkles the little kitten for the first time, his reaction is just priceless!. Tommy the monkey seems to say: "Please, please let me have the little kitten, Its so beautiful… Can I touch it?". The reaction will melt your heart, this monkey just cant get enough of this new kitten, he just adores her! Awwwww! Watch Video:. ...
Humans often respond negatively when receiving a less good outcome than another (inequity), a behavior which is hypothesized to be a mechanism to support successful cooperation. First documented by Brosnan & de Waal (2003, Nature) in capuchin monkeys, we have since found evidence that several primate species respond negatively if they receive a less good reward than a social partner for completing the same task. This requires the individuals to take in to account both their own and their partners rewards or procedures, and make assessments of their outcome based upon these parameters. We have found in particular that this response is contingent upon a task, and does not occur when rewards are provided for free. Moreover, among most primates, while effort seems to enhance the response, individuals are more sensitive to different rewards than to different levels of effort. While this indicates that the behavior is not unique to humans, it does not provide an evolutionary explanation for the ...
In his famous English translation of Pushkins Eugene Onegin, Nabokov himself made some unique choices in an attempt to accurately portray the intent of the original. Line 8 of Canto XIV in Chapter One reads, in Russian: "bednyazhku tsaptsarap". The latter word, "tsaptsarap", is not a real word in Russian; but rather an onomatopoeic combination of "tsapat " (to snatch) and "tsarapat " (to scratch). Nabokov creates the word "scrab," a combination of grab and scratch, to mimic the portmanteau. Another good example comes in Canto VII of Chapter Four, when "dostoyno starïh obezyan" is transliterated as "worthy of old sapajous" rather than "old monkeys." Although the word "obezyan" directly translates as monkey, Nabokov notes that the line is adapted from a line Pushkin wrote in French two years before (Pushkin was fluent in French), reading "mais cette jouissance est digne dun vieux sapajou du dix-huitieme siecle". Sapajou, which incidentally is the French name for capuchin monkeys, has in ...
The army base, a cut of cleared land amidst a thick, verdant, unnamed jungle, is filled with soldiers and locals, dead or dying of a mystery disease.. A pile of bodies burns outside. At the sound of a U.S. army plane approaching, Americans and Africans both run out of the medical tents, arms raised to the sky in welcome and anticipation.. But one mans smile turns to horror when he realizes the airdropped package isnt relief in the form of a cure or supplies, but instead another kind of solution. The bomb explodes, killing the men and devastating their arboreal surroundings; out of the wreckage run two white-headed capuchin monkeys.. This is the opening scene-ground zero-in the 1995 film Outbreak, in which an Ebola-like virus ultimately lands on U.S. soil and becomes an unstoppable killer. In the film, the virus is connected directly to the deforestation of the land enacted by western military: a local health care worker tells a U.S. army virologist, played by Dustin Hoffman, that the local ...
Disclaimer: I am not a vampire kind of girl. Vampire epics, horror movies, suspense DVDs or books...no. I would rather read historical fiction or melt into a romantic chick-flick. Vampires? Youve got to be kidding. Which is why its truly one of the puzzles of my life that a white-faced blood-sucking vampire keeps re-introducing himself,…
Mitchell, P.I., Newton S.F., Ratcliffe, N. & Dunn T.E. (2004) "Seabird Populations of Britain and Ireland" T. & A.D. Poyser, ...
Sentence Examples with the word Cereus: The western dry areas have the old-world leguminous Astragalus and Prosopis (Mesquit), but are especially characterized by the northward extension of the new-world…
Website © 2005-2018 Xeno-canto Foundation Recordings © the recordist. See recording details for license information. Sonogram images © Xeno-canto Foundation. Sonogram images share the same license terms as the recording they depict. Terms of use. Credits. ...
Institution: I.M.Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry; I.P.Pavlov Institute of Physiology Mission: Comparative study of monkey and childrens cognitive behavior. Principal Research Programs: Primates cognition, learning and memory; Study of monkey and Apes social organization in the wild and realization of instrumental reflexes in competitive situations.. Training Opportunities: Educational opportunities available for: Undergraduate, Graduate and Doctoral degrees (Ph.D., D.Sci.) for behavior physiology of mammals.. Number of Staff: 14. Supported Species: Cebus apella (tufted capuchin), Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque), Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque), Pan troglodytes (common chimpanzee), Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon) Last Updated: 2004-03-28. ...
Dental microwear analysis is conducted on a community of platyrrhine primates from South America. This analysis focuses on the primate community of Cachoeira Porteira (Para, Brazil), in which seven sympatric species occur: Alouatta seniculus, Ateles paniscus, Cebus apella, Chiropotes satanas, Pithecia Pithecia, Saguinus midas, and Saimiri sciureus. Shearing quotients are also calculated for each taxon of this primate community. Dental microwear results indicate significant differences between taxa, but are somewhat insufficient when it comes to discriminating between ecologically similar taxa. The primates of Cachoeira Porteira all incorporate a certain amount of fruit in their diet, entailing a definite amount of inter-specific competition as they must share food resources. Alouatta is the most folivorous taxon of this community, which is corroborated by dental microwear analysis. Ateles, although of a similar size to Alouatta, limits inter-specific competition by incorporating more fruit in its diet.
When we are sick, or suffering discomfort from diarrhea or indigestion, we take medicines to make us feel better. We know what ails us, and we know what can help us. Monkeys, too, seem to have knowledge of the therapeutic. New cases are reported every year, and zoopharmacognosy, the study of self-medication in animals, is a growing field. The fur-rubbing white-faced capuchins and the charcoal-eating red colobus monkeys seen in Clever Monkeys are just two examples of medical ingenuity in primates. Across the globe, monkeys have figured out remedies for common ailments, just as we have.. One of the greatest dangers to monkeys, and one of the greatest annoyances, are insects and parasites. Ectoparasites like lice, ticks, and mosquitoes carry many diseases to which monkeys are susceptible. Evolutionary biologists believe that parasites coevolved with their hosts over eons, and both humans and monkeys have continually sought relief from these pests. Itching, scratching, and swatting are the only ...
Pet ownership by animals in the wild, as an analogue to the human phenomenon, has not been observed and is likely non-existent in nature.[78][79] One group of capuchin monkeys was observed appearing to care for a marmoset, a fellow New World monkey species, however observations of chimpanzees apparently "playing" with small animals like hyraxes have ended with the chimpanzees killing the animals and tossing the corpses around.[80]. A 2010 study states that human relationships with animals have an exclusive human cognitive component and that pet-keeping is a fundamental and ancient attribute of the human species. Anthropomorphism, or the projection of human feelings, thoughts and attributes on to animals, is a defining feature of human pet-keeping. The study identifies it as the same trait in evolution responsible for domestication and concern for animal welfare. It is estimated to have arose at least 100,000 years before present (ybp) in Homo sapiens sapiens.[79]. It is debated whether this ...
The HSUS and a coalition of animal welfare groups have submitted a petition to the USDA to prohibit public contact with big cats, bears, and primates at roadside zoos across the country. The Natural Bridge Zoo is one of about 75 facilities around the United States that still allow children to pet wild big cats. At the Natural Bridge Zoo, our investigation documented so-called caretakers slapping two tiger cubs, Daxx and Deja. In our video you can see Dejas head hit a concrete floor as she is disciplined by a man. Both of these cubs were sick with coccidia and giardia but never saw a veterinarian. They were also starved until photo sessions started up for the day, so that their bottle could be used to mollify them during handling. Our investigator and the USDA documented other severe problems at the Natural Bridge Zoo: a dead giraffe, a dead Mandrill (an endangered primate), a baby camel who accidentally hanged herself, a dead capuchin monkey, and terrible injuries to other animals, including a ...
If the Homo-Pan LCA lived in African littoral forests along the Indian Ocean or the Red Sea, this could explain the archaic Homo finds ~1.8 Ma as far as Java (Mojokerto, amid barnacles and shells), Georgia (Dmanisi, amid rich lacustrine resources near the Black-Capsian Sea connection then), Algeria (Aïn-Hanech floodplain) and the African Rift (erectus appeared at Lake Turkana together with stingrays, suggesting a marine connection then).. Sea-levels repeatedly dropped more than 100 m during Glacials, and on the continental shelves, vast territories - presumably tree-poor and shellfish-rich - became available for intelligent, dextrous, tool-using, coastal forest-dwelling hominoids, who could open mangrove oysters (like capuchin monkeys do) and coconuts (containing fresh water) and beach-comb for turtles and their eggs, mussels and crabs. An extensive overview of the literature by Stephen Munro showed that virtually all known archaic Homo sites (including those in savanna) were associated ...
Helpful acts, such as grooming or foster parenting, are common throughout the animal kingdom, but accounts of animals rescuing one another from danger are exceedingly rare, having been reported in the scientific literature only for dolphins, capuchin monkeys, and ants. New research shows that in the ant Cataglyphis cursor, the behavior is surprisingly sophisticated. Elise Nowbahari of the University of Paris North, Karen L. Hollis of Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and two colleagues mimicked a natural situation-an ant restrained by collapsing sand and debris. But hidden beneath the sand was a nylon snare holding the ant firmly in place. The ants nestmates consistently responded by digging around the victim and tugging at its limbs until they found the trap, then biting at the nylon strand. Potential rescuers did not, however, do the same for unrelated ants or insects of other species. The ants ability to discern and then tackle the unfamiliar nylon snare demonstrates ...
Say what you will about the fellas from MTVs "Jersey Shore": They are shallow, behave ridiculously and exhibit the combined brainpower of a single capuchin monkey. However, they do have unique looks, especially when it comes to their hair. (We wont touch their flash-meets-crash wardrobes.). In fact, their hair is their signature. When Pauly D let his blowout go flat for GQ magazine, all hell broke loose. Nobody recognized him. The backlash was horrible.. So while you might not want to emulate these guys physically, emotionally or intellectually, you might want to try out one of their unique hairstyles. How can you get one? Thats easy -- Vinny, Mike, Ronnie and Pauly go to a barbershop, not a high-end salon.. The key is instructing the barber correctly, according to Garret Pike, who is a barber in Queens and a high-end stylist in New York City who has seen it all when it comes to hair: "Any man who knows what to ask -- and has the right product to maintain it -- can get a Jersey Shore ...
Definition of dentate nucleus in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is dentate nucleus? Meaning of dentate nucleus as a legal term. What does dentate nucleus mean in law?
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Energize yourself, uplift your mood, stimulate your senses, and stay awake and alert with the warm and powerful aroma of a freshly brewed pot of coffee.
285643 Homo sapiens , 299255 Rattus norvegicus , 462215 Pan troglodytes , 715082 Macaca mulatta , 100394917 Callithrix jacchus , 100450464 Pongo abelii , 100584663 Nomascus leucogenys , 100978104 Pan paniscus , 101008515 Papio anubis , 101124093 Gorilla gorilla , 102138291 Macaca fascicularis , 103244846 Chlorocebus sabaeus , 104649839 Saimiri boliviensis , 104660248 Rhinopithecus roxellana , 105482389 Macaca nemestrina , 105504276 Colobus angolensis palliatus , 105540570 Mandrillus leucophaeus , 105589932 Cercocebus atys , 105715930 Aotus nancymaae , 108312592 Cebus capucinus imitator , 108532008 Rhinopithecus bieti , 111552676 Piliocolobus tephrosceles ...
Summary Adult cebus (Cebus sp.), patas (Cercopithecus patas), rhesus (Macaca mulatta), and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys were found susceptible to experimental infection with Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae (as evidenced by febrile response, weight loss, antibody production, and recovery of leptospires from hemoculture of some of the animals), although they did not show frank illness. Vervets were similarly susceptible to infection with L. canicola, L. mini georgia, and L. pomona. Leptospiruria was uncommon. Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) given L. icterohaemorrhagiae had in contrast clinically acute leptospiral disease, sometimes fatal, with pronounced icterus and minimal hepatic lesions accompanied by markedly increased indirect bilirubin and normal transaminase levels. The findings suggest that hemolysis may be a significant factor in the early development of jaundice in these animals. In some of the primates tested, the tendency of leptospiral agglutinins to disappear within a few
Red-green color vision in primates: Hominoids and Old World monkeys have two X-linked genes encoding the red and green opsins. With the exception of New World (NW) monkeys, it appears that all mammalian species have only one locus that encodes either red or green opsins (Radlwimmer and Yokoyama 1997, 1998). Most NW monkeys also have one red-green opsin locus (however, see Jacobset al. 1996), but this locus is polymorphic and contains three different alleles (Mollonet al. 1984; Neitzet al. 1991; Huntet al. 1998). In these species, all males are red-green color blind, but females are either color blind or trichromatic depending on the allelic compositions. Using ERG and MSP, three different allelic pigments have been identified in capuchin monkey (Cebus nigrivittatus; P537, P550, and P562: Jacobs and Neitz 1987a), in marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus jacchus; P543, P556, and P563; Traviset al. 1988; Toveeet al. 1992), in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus; P533-P538, P544-P551, and P559-P565; ...
The location is brilliant, the people are great and the wildlife is fantastic. So far Ive seen green turtles, two-toed and three-toed sloths, coral snakes, a vine snake, green iguanas, basilisk lizards, a Neotropical river otter, caiman, crocodiles, strawberry poison-dart frogs, howler monkeys, spider monkeys and white-faced capuchin monkeys to name just a few ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1 many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1 many, style, stigma ...
Barlow, J. C. 1984. Xenarthrans and Pholidotes. Pages 219-239 in Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. (S. Anderson and J. K. Jones, Jr., eds.) John Wiley and Sons, New York.. Bugge, J. 1979. Cephalic arterial pattern in New-World edentates and Old-World pangolins with special reference to their phylogenetic-relationships and taxonomy. Acta Anatomica 105:37-46.. Chakrabarti, S., S. Bhattacharyya, and A. Chakrabarti. 1982. Somatic chromosomes of pangolin, Manis pentadactyla (Pholidota, Mammalia) with special reference to satellite association. Cytologia 47:625-629.. Gaudin, T. J. and J. R. Wible. 1999. The entotympanic of pangolins and the phylogeny of the Pholidota. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 6:39-65. Gebo, D. L. and D. T. Rasmussen. 1985. The earliest fossil pangolin (Pholidota, Manidae) from Africa. Journal of Mammalogy 66:538-541.. McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.. Nowak, R.M. 1999. ...
Looking at their other forthcoming books, I am much intrigued: they pretty much all look like things I want to read. That they are including an H. E. Bates story collection is highly commendable, what with Bates being a brilliant writer at novella/short story length. Hes one of those guys who everybody reads while they (the writer, not the reader) are alive, but then vanish into a black hole of neglect when they die. Only a few of his literally BILLIONS of books are now in print, but his previous ubiquity does at least mean that almost every second-hand bookshop in the known universe contains at least a few of his story collections. If you know whats good for you, you will read one of them and see what Im talking about ...
Define Capuchines. Capuchines synonyms, Capuchines pronunciation, Capuchines translation, English dictionary definition of Capuchines. n. 1. Capuchin A monk belonging to the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, an independent order of Franciscans founded in Italy in 1525-1528 and dedicated to...
Rain, bugs, birds, even the sight of us raking makes her curious," says zoo keeper Ashley Hubbard as she talks about Nylon, the zoos new white-faced saki monkey. "Shes especially alert when peacocks walk by. Her eyes widen and she follows them along the exhibit.". Hubbard was instrumental in welcoming Nylon to the zoo back in November and helped to acclimate Nylon to her new surroundings. "Nylon received excellent care at her previous facility, but it was an indoor exhibit, so the outdoor environment is all new to her," states Hubbard. Nylon lives with Dudley, the zoos resident male saki monkey.. Training is also an important part of Nylons life at the zoo. Behavior management coordinator Holly Walsh advises zoo keepers on positive reinforcement training, which ultimately benefits the animals.. Walsh discusses animal training in greater detail, "With positive reinforcement training, animals are taught to participate in their daily care and, in turn, receive rewards for doing so. [Nylon] is ...
FINICUMS REFUGE Snowy plover, greater sage grouse, short-eared owl and bobolink, white-faced ibis, heron, killdeer, sandhill crane and Siskin finch. The birds all pass through Malheur, even the cuckoo and the loon. And like all migratory species, theyll be leaving pretty soon.
Looking for Hypocracy? Find out information about Hypocracy. See also Pretension. Alceste judged most social behavior as hypocritical. Ambrosio self-righteous abbot of the Capuchins at Madrid. Angelo externally... Explanation of Hypocracy
The story basically, is about the Quinata family, who started to collect and display these amazing trains and miniature Christmas town at The Friar on Guam. They would do this yearly, to help raise funds for the Capuchin Priests on island. As years past, the families collections grew and they would hold these displays for free to the whole island, and donations were always welcome. They would even have light refreshments for the visitors who would come to enjoy the display as they placed their donations in a box beside the exit. Though the family doesnt always do this yearly nowadays, when they do have it, many Locals and tourists flock to see it, if they know about it ...
Bernie Sanders never showed up, and former staffers at Our Revolution believe the organizations 501(c)(4) status hurt Debbie Wasserman Schultzs primary challenger.
Buy Phylogeny, Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology & Conservation of the Neotropical Primates (9781634851657): NHBS - Manuel Ruiz-Garcia, Joseph Mark Shostell, Nova Science Publishers
The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, facilitated by expansion of the road network, and it is thought to be vulnerable to fragmentation and disturbance (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011, A. Lees in litt. 2011). Proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land a private landowner is legally required to maintain as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers alongside perennial steams) and include an amnesty for landowners who deforested before July 2008 (who would subsequently be absolved of the need to reforest illegally cleared land) (Bird et al. 2011).. ...
At its annual spring meeting in 1959 the Technical Committee of the Central Flyway Council recognized a decreased population of the white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons). The recorded harvest in Canada and the United States had exceeded the estimated wintering population in some years. After summarizing records for the Central and Mississippi Flyways the Committee found them inadequate for management and to help fill this void, recommended banding on local concentration areas including Saskatchewan.
I swear, that is exactly how it happened. And we all live happily ever after.. If you are still reading, then maybe you dont believe me.. I have pondered the "Omnivores Dilemma," and Shea and I both agree that if you dont want to be a vegetarian, then you should be respectful, ethical, and conservative in your meat consumption. We figured raising our own meat, eggs, and milk was a cost-effective alternative to purchasing the more expensive free-range, natural products. The rabbit enterprise seemed perfect.. You may have noticed that when I posted in JUNE that I mentioned our first round of babies would be ready in 4 weeks. Nearly twice that time has elapsed, partly because we have been really busy, and partly because, when it came time to butcher the rabbits we were, well, chicken. So, 2 weeks ago Shea finally "processed" the first 2 bunnies. The plan was for me to help, but when it came down to it, he locked me out and forbade anyone coming in the garage to help. Shea was very white-faced ...
Click here for White-cheeked Pintail pictures! You can also find pictures of White-tailed Tropicbird, White-faced Ibis, Yucatan Vireo.
Define rubbing: an image of a raised, incised, or textured surface obtained by placing paper over it and rubbing the paper… - rubbing in a sentence
Look, what happens? After being 2 W Cross C wins, and good performances in the World and Olymoic games - all in a 2-3 years period - with 26 years old he did his 10000m PB. What was his progression after that in quite a decade training and competing. A shadow of their golden years. By doing a very elitist training that includes lots of Lt runs in that 2:50-3:10 pace he reach the top very quickly but as soon as he get the top, soon he comes down. That´s what I said about most the runners that do that LT training diet. In 2-3 years they get the top - PB´s etc, but they hardly have a decisive improvement after that. They get their limits early ...
On the other hand, there is no one at 5,000m who can kick with El Guerrouj. Bekele exhausts himself trying to get away from El Guerrouj in the early going, and even though he can run 26 for the last 200 regardless, El Guerrouj is always faster. With his new tactic of simply waiting until the last 200 and mowing down whoever is in front, no one can beat El Guerrouj at 5,000 unless they maintain world record pace for 11 laps and he is not in shape or put in some ridiculous move from 2K lap like Komen did against Gebrselassie. Even then youd need a 57 right in the middle and have to not die off yourself to win. ...
The stereotypical progression of Alzheimers disease (AD) pathology is not fully understood. The selective impact of AD on distinct regions has led the field to question if innate vulnerability exists. This study aims to determine if the causative factors of regional vulnerability are dependent on cell-autonomous or transneuronal (non-cell autonomous) Read & Research Alzheimers More. ...
Maybe its because Im shallow as hell but if it turned out that the bearded lady is my mom I would rather go back to my foster/adopted parents cause I know for a fact that theyre not sideshow freaks. Wisemen normally say that ignorance is bliss and unfortunately I cant ignore the beard mom ...
Arctic Monkeys are pleased to announce that they will be performing at Prokurative in Split, Croatia on Tuesday 7th July 2009.. Tickets are available from here. ...
I have had dogs as pets all my life! I am currently a college student at coastal Carolina University and I saw an ad for dog sitters so I jumped at...
Read Online or Download Phylogeny, Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology And Conservation Of The Neotropical Primates by Many In PDF. More Animals Books on My TxT!
Sorokina, Vera S. (2002): Beschreibung von drei neuen Arten der Gattung Paragus Latreille, 1804 (Diptera, Syrphidae) aus Asien, mit einem Bestimmungsschlüssel der bisher bekannten russischen Paragus-Arten. / Description of three new species of the genus Paragus Latreille, 1804 (Diptera, Syrphidae) from Asia, with a key for the Russian species of Paragus. - Volucella 6, 1-22. Stuttgart. (in German).. Descriptions of three new species of the genus Paragus (Paragus) Latreille, 1804 are given. Drawings of head, antennae, male genitalia and the end of female abdomen are presented. Paragus mariae spec. nov. is close to P. albifrons (Fallén, 1817) and P. majoranae Rondani, 1857; Paragus marusiki spec. nov. is close to P. punctulatus Zetterstedt, 1838; Paragus milkoi spec. nov. is close to P. leleji Mutin, 1986 and P. gulangensis Li & Li, 1990 (= P. dauricus Mutin, 1999). A key is provided to identify all Paragus species recorded in Russia. The holotypes of all new species are deposited in the ...
Influence of host plant and host population structure on physiological and behavioural characteristics of Chilocorus nigritus and the efficacy of control of the scale insect, Aspidiotus nerii (Bouche ...
SHELTER BAY Wildlife - Shelter Bay Marina is located next door to San Lorenzo National Park. It is a short walk to the park entrance. The park is ideal for walking, jogging or biking and much of it is shaded. You may encounter troops of Howler and white-faced monkeys, two and three toed sloths and abundent bird life. Fort San Lorenzo - This well maintained historic site is located on a bluff just above the entrance to the Rio Chagres. There are signs in English & Spanish explaining the history of the fort and the surrounding area. Gatun locks - There is a visitor centre and observation deck. Have a look whats in store before you transit the canal. La Granja- Located 1/2 hour from the outskirts of Colon, this working farm offers horseback riding, a zip line and kayaking. They also have a Palapa right on Gatun Lake available for BBQs. For more detailed information look for brochures in the marina lobby. ...
County registration tags from another distant state, with the year 1998 on them! If these are Hollys, she is at least 12 years, more likely at least 13 years old!. Holly asks every dog owner to remember that ID tags are still the #1 best way to reunite lost dogs with their owners. To be useful, ID tags must have one or more current phone numbers on them! They do not need a name or other identifying information, but without current contact information (a phone number is best), they are useless!. A couple of weeks after Holly came into foster care with GBGRR, we had to let our one remaining old dog go to the Rainbow Bridge. The household just didnt seem right without an old white-faced dog sleeping underfoot. For years we vowed to keep a spot in our household for an old rescued dog, and thought wed look to the local golden retriever rescue programs to adopt. For years old dogs in need of a home found their own way to us, and wed never had that opportunity to adopt from rescue. Finally, with ...
Re, he writes about sports and also Springsteen, Hamilton, Harry Potter, iPads, infomercials. Were about to present you with an example of a complete GRE Issue essay. The one hand, a history of hypnosis is a bit like a history of breathing. at The history of hypnosis is full of contradictions. Ll analyze. Ke breathing, hypnosis is an! Thanks for posting. Started in 95 and I remember sitting watching a long time veteran casually walking me through some binder (he was a leader behind. Joe Posnanski writes about sports for a living, particularly baseball. What does the Word of God have to say about all those symbols that define certain desires, characteristics, and plans of Antichrist! S based strictly on our template and the outline we built in Step 3. I had lunch with Father Thomas Weinandy this past Saturday; he is a Capuchin, the former Warden of Greyfriars s in Oxford and the former doctrinal consultant to the. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and ...
The seeds of the coffee plant are commonly referred to as beans. Roasting coffee beans changes the chemical and aromatic composition of the beans, which we use
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Hi there, I am not sure if i am meant to post this here but i am after much needed advice. I have a two year old son who rubs himself with his hands laying on the floor, toys, wall and bed. He has been doing this for about 12 months now
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... s are New World monkeys of the family Atelidae, subfamily Atelinae. Found in tropical forests from southern Mexico to Brazil, spider monkeys belong to the genus Ateles; the closely related woolly spider monkeys are in the genus Brachyteles.. As they require large tracts of undisturbed forest and specialize on ripe fruits, spider monkeys may be considered an indicator species. The monkeys are threatened by habitat destruction through continued growth in South American agriculture. Disproportionately long, spindly limbs inspired the spider monkeys common name. Their deftly prehensile tails have highly flexible hairless tips.. Spider monkeys have hook-like, narrow and thumbless hands; the fingers are elongate and recurved. The hair is coarse, ranging in color from a ruddy gold to brown and black; the hands and feet are usually black. Heads are small with hairless faces. An unusually long labia in females may be mistaken for a penis; it is used to attract the males. A female will ...
Spider monkeys form loose groups of 15-25 individuals. During the day, spider monkey groups break up into smaller subgroups of two to eight individuals; this social structure (fission-fusion) is found in only one other primate, the chimpanzee. The size of subgroups and the degree to which they will avoid each other during the day is determined by food competition and the risk of predation. Each group is closely associated with its territory (Gordon 2007).. Also less common in primates, females-rather than males-disperse at puberty to join new groups. Males tend to stick together for their whole life. Hence, males in a group are more likely to be related and have closer bonds than females. The strongest social bonds are formed between females and young offspring. Groups are thought to be directed by a lead female, who is responsible for planning an efficient route for the days feeding activities.. Spider monkeys are diurnal and spend the night sleeping in carefully trees. Grooming is not as ...
The Spider monkey is a primate with the scientific name Ateles geoffroyi. There are nine subspecies under this name, three of which are endangered. They are found in a wide range of places, extending from Mexico to Brazil. Spider monkeys are very inter...
Also known as the black-handed spider monkey, Geoffroys Spider Monkey originates from parts of Mexico and possibly Colombia. There are 5 subspecies of
Spider Monkey News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Spider Monkey From The tribunedigital-sunsentinel
We found no significant sex difference in EOD frequency in A. devenanzii, even though, based on the GSI and the presence of yolked follicles in females, the fish in this study were sexually mature. EOD frequencies of males and females overlapped considerably. By contrast, EOD frequency in other apteronotid species differs markedly between males and females, with little or no overlap between the sexes (Dunlap et al., 1998; Hagedorn and Heiligenberg, 1985; Kolodziejski et al., 2005; Meyer, 1983). Thus, the four species of apteronotids in which sex differences in EOD frequency have been examined display three distinct patterns of sexual dimorphism: (1) males have higher EOD frequencies than females in A. leptorhynchus and A. rostratus; (2) males have lower EOD frequencies than females in A. albifrons; and (3) EOD frequency is not sexually dimorphic in A. devenanzii. The diversity in the pattern of sex differences in the EOD in the few apteronotid species studied demonstrates that the direction and ...
Researchers in Mexico have documented wild spider monkeys rubbing themselves with fragrant, chewed up leaves. Though the exact purpose of this behavior is yet to be proven, it appears as if the scents "may play a role int he context of social communication, possibly for signaling of social status or to increase sexual attractiveness," according to an article in the online journal, Primates.. ...
Find and save ideas about Bearded dragon cage on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Bearded dragon terrarium, Bearded dragon cage ideas and Home lizard.
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Platyrrhini • Familia: Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Mico ...
In established, healthy pet Bearded dragons some sort of tail injury is probably one of the first and most common injuries most owners will come across.
My Bearded Dragon has been puffing up in his stomach and throat and then making a kind of sneezing like noise. Its not a popping noise, he does not have runny eyes or nose either. He has a normal appetite and still moves around in his normal areas like he was before i saw him doing this. Whats weird is he only does this in the morning, I dont see him do it any other time of the day. Also he is shedding, he has alot on his back that has not come off yet. So I am wondering if anyone knows whats wrong with my beardie ...
hi! ive had my bearded dragon for about a week and a half. on the second day i had him he pooped. he has not pooped SINCE! i read on another post to give him applesauce and a couple drops of olive oil. he hasnt ate any so i cant say whether it will work or not. im just getting really worried. theres no bumps on his back or belly. he has got baths regularly (about every other day). his temps are fine. i keep a heating pad under his hot side during the day and he just lays on the bottom of the cage with his belly flat on the warmness. i also want to add they he ate a big meal a couple of days ago and has not eaten since. something seems stange about him. hes just not eating or pooping. and hasnt dont it regularly since i got him. he seems lathargic, but i wasnt sure if beardies were that way anyway. any suggestions ...
A server, method and/or computer-readable medium verifies a location factor associated with a token. The server generates a challenge and encrypts the challenge by a key commonly shared by the server and the token, and transmits the encrypted challenge to the token. The token decrypts the encrypted challenge by the commonly shared key and manipulates the challenge by an elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) procedure so that the server can verify that the signed manipulated challenge was generated at the token based upon the ECC public key.
Disclosed is a timed token protocol which may be implemented either on a physical loop or a logical loop superimposed on a physical bus, the loop interconnecting a plurality of stations to form a network. Each station on the network may be of the same priority level, or may be of one or both of two priority levels. In the single priority level network, a station can transmit information upon the receipt of a write token if the time since the previous receipt of a write token is less than a preset amount of time, the difference between the observed write token rotation time and the preset amount of time representing the amount of unused capacity on the previous rotation of the write token.
Black spider monkeys are habitat specialists and are almost always seen in undisturbed, primary rainforest and do not utilize edge habitats (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; Lehman 2004b). Like other species of spider monkeys, black spider monkeys occupy the upper layers of the rainforest and forage in the high canopy (from 25 to 30 m [82.0 to 98.4 ft]) consuming primarily fruits, but also occasionally consuming leaves, flowers, and insects (van Roosmalen & Klein 1988; Russo et al. 2005). As large-bodied frugivores, black spider monkeys are important seed dispersers within the rainforest ecosystem and play a crucial role in regenerating tropical forests (van Roosmalen 1985; Russo et al. 2005). Compared to other sympatric species of primates, black spider monkeys exhibit low diet diversity because of their high levels of fruit consumption (Guillotin et al. 1994). Despite their dependence on fruit as the mainstay of their diet, black spider monkeys supplement their fruit consumption during ...
Hershkovitz, P. 1990. Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana Zoology, 55: 1-109. Kinzey, W. 1978. Feeding behaviour and molar features in two species of titi monkey. Pp. 373-85 in D Chivers, J Herbert, eds. Recent Advances in Primatology, Vol. 1. London: Academic Press. Kinzey, W. 1981. The titi monkeys, genus Callicebus: I. description of the species. Pp. 241-76 in A Coimbra-Filho, R Mittermeier, eds. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Mendoza, S., W. Mason. 1986. Contrasting responses to intruders and to involuntary separation by monogamous and polygynous new world monkeys. Physiology and Behavior, 38: 795-801. Mendoza, S., D. Reeder, W. Mason. 2002. Nature of Proximate Mechanisms Underlying Primate Social Systems: Simplicity and Redundancy. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11: 112-116. Moynihan, M. 1966. Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. ...
... Rep-Cal Juvenile Bearded Dragon Food is fortified with optimal levels of vitamins and minerals (like calcium and vitamin D3) so no other food supplements are required. Feeding this natural food is vet-recommended for opt...
Human beings and the great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans) experience a true menstrual cycle. Old World Monkeys (baboons, macaques, etc.) are sometimes included as having a menstrual cycle depending on how terms are defined. However, most placental mammals-such as dogs, cats, elephants, and New World Monkeys (howler, capuchin, and spider monkeys, etc.)-experience estrus instead. One difference is that animals that have estrous cycles reabsorb the endometrium if conception does not occur during that cycle. Animals that have menstrual cycles shed the endometrium through menstruation instead. Another difference is sexual activity. In species with estrous cycles, females are generally only sexually active during the estrous phase of their cycle (near the time of ovulation). This is also referred to as being "in heat." In contrast, females of species with menstrual cycles can be sexually active at any time in their cycle, even when they are not about to ovulate. Humans, unlike some other ...
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... opened its first 'House of the Future' in 1995, which immediately attracted attention. After a second successful project in Belgium, in which the concept evolved into the 'House and Office of the Future', the first international complex was opened in Amsterdam in 2003. This grand opening attracted a lot of media attention.[citation needed] In January 2007 Living Tomorrow opened its current project 'House, Office and Creative Industries of the Future' which expand the original home and office concepts to include extra aspects of a person's lifestyle. The Amsterdam house was closed in June 2008. ...
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Barely half a century after Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippines on March 16, 1521, Iriga, now a city, was only a visita of Nabua, Provincia de Ambos Camarines. Because of the disastrous floods that occur during rainy seasons in suburban Poblacion of Nabua, Father Felix de Huertas, the then parish priest, advised the farmers to move to I-raga (donde hay tierra or where there is land) where they can plant their crops without fear of being flooded. The flood victims of Nabua who moved earlier and followed the suggestions of their parish priest were the fortunate beneficiaries of the harvest of their agricultural plantation coming from the rich and fertile soils of I-raga, more so, those who planted at the foot of Sumagang Mountain (Mountain of the Rising Sun, now Mt. Iriga) said to be nature's given symbol of the Irigueños lofty ideals and noble visions.[6] As population spread out and evangelization progressed, the settlement at the foot of Sumagang Mountain developed in size and ...
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... is the dominant term used in English for the sea, and the name in most European languages is equivalent. This name is a result of early European interest in the sea as a route from Europe and South Asia to the trading opportunities of China. In the sixteenth century Portuguese sailors called it the China Sea (Mare da China); later needs to differentiate it from nearby bodies of water led to calling it the South China Sea.[8] The International Hydrographic Organization refers to the sea as "South China Sea (Nan Hai)".[3] The Yizhoushu, which was a chronicle of the Western Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BCE) gives the first Chinese name for the South China Sea as Nanfang Hai (Chinese: 南方海; pinyin: Nánfāng Hǎi; literally: 'Southern Sea'), claiming that barbarians from that sea gave tributes of hawksbill sea turtles to the Zhou rulers.[9] The Classic of Poetry, Zuo Zhuan, and Guoyu classics of the Spring and Autumn period (771-476 BCE) also referred to the sea, but by the name Nan ...
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Latest News, World , Asia, ASEAN,India, Phillipines, Malaysia , Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Hong Kong,China and Singapore News Headlines
  • SunStar Cebu tried to reach the DENR-EMB 7 for its assessment but to no avail as of press time. (yahoo.com)
  • In a report on June 1, 2020, the Karagatan Patrol reported the apprehension of a commercial vessel for allegedly fishing illegally in the coastal waters of Santander, Cebu. (yahoo.com)
  • Cebu-City - wir sind um kurz vor 5 hochgeschreckt, und dann nochmal um ca.5.30 am time.ein leichtes schuetteln, das aber recht gut bemerkbar war, daher um 5 uhr am morgen auf einen sonntag schlafen wir normal immer noch. (earthquake-report.com)
  • He is also the longest-serving commissioner of the Cebu City Sports Commission (CCSC) having been appointed to the position by Mayor Alvin Garcia in 1998, then by Mayor Tomas Osmeña in 2001 until 2010, and in 2010 to 2013 by Mayor Michael Rama. (fullpointcebu.com)