A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.
An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A genus of the subfamily ALOUATTINAE, family ATELIDAE, inhabiting the forests of Central and South America. Howlers travel in groups and define their territories by howling accompanied by vigorously shaking and breaking branches.
A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
A subfamily in the family CEBIDAE that consists of four genera: CALLITHRIX (marmosets), CALLIMICO (Goeldi's monkey), LEONTOPITHECUS (lion tamarins), and SAGUINUS (long-tusked tamarins). The members of this family inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.
The largest family of snakes, comprising five subfamilies: Colubrinae, Natricinae, Homalopsinae, Lycodontinae, and Xenodontinae. They show a great diversity of eating habits, some eating almost anything, others having a specialized diet. They can be oviparous, ovoviviparous, or viviparous. The majority of North American snakes are colubrines. Among the colubrids are king snakes, water moccasins, water snakes, and garter snakes. Some genera are poisonous. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp321-29)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
Penetrating electromagnetic radiation emitted when the inner orbital electrons of an atom are excited and release radiant energy. X-ray wavelengths range from 1 pm to 10 nm. Hard X-rays are the higher energy, shorter wavelength X-rays. Soft x-rays or Grenz rays are less energetic and longer in wavelength. The short wavelength end of the X-ray spectrum overlaps the GAMMA RAYS wavelength range. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.
White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.

The evolution of trichromatic color vision by opsin gene duplication in New World and Old World primates. (1/135)

Trichromacy in all Old World primates is dependent on separate X-linked MW and LW opsin genes that are organized into a head-to-tail tandem array flanked on the upstream side by a locus control region (LCR). The 5' regions of these two genes show homology for only the first 236 bp, although within this region, the differences are conserved in humans, chimpanzees, and two species of cercopithecoid monkeys. In contrast, most New World primates have only a single polymorphic X-linked opsin gene; all males are dichromats and trichromacy is achieved only in those females that possess a different form of this gene on each X chromosome. By sequencing the upstream region of this gene in a New World monkey, the marmoset, we have been able to demonstrate the presence of an LCR in an equivalent position to that in Old World primates. Moreover, the marmoset sequence shows extensive homology from the coding region to the LCR with the upstream sequence of the human LW gene, a distance of >3 kb, whereas homology with the human MW gene is again limited to the first 236 bp, indicating that the divergent MW sequence identifies the site of insertion of the duplicated gene. This is further supported by the presence of an incomplete Alu element on the upstream side of this insertion point in the MW gene of both humans and a cercopithecoid monkey, with additional Alu elements present further upstream. Therefore, these Alu elements may have been involved in the initial gene duplication and may also be responsible for the high frequency of gene loss and gene duplication within the opsin gene array. Full trichromacy is present in one species of New World monkey, the howler monkey, in which separate MW and LW genes are again present. In contrast to the separate genes in humans, however, the upstream sequences of the two howler genes show homology with the marmoset for at least 600 bp, which is well beyond the point of divergence of the human MW and LW genes, and each sequence is associated with a different LCR, indicating that the duplication in the howler monkey involved the entire upstream region. [The sequence data described in this paper have been submitted to GenBank under accession nos. AF155218, AF156715, and AF156716.]  (+info)

Molecular evolution of the CMT1A-REP region: a human- and chimpanzee-specific repeat. (2/135)

The CMT1A-REP repeat consists of two copies of a 24-kb sequence on human chromosome 17p11.2-12 that flank a 1.5-Mb region containing a dosage-sensitive gene, peripheral nerve protein-22 (PMP22). Unequal meiotic crossover mediated by misalignment of proximal and distal copies of the CMT1A-REP in humans leads to a 1.5-Mb duplication or deletion associated with two common peripheral nerve diseases, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). Previous molecular hybridization studies with CMT1A-REP sequences suggested that two copies of the repeat are also found in the chimpanzee, raising the possibility that this unique repeat arose during primate evolution. To further characterize the structure and evolutionary synthesis of the CMT1A-REP repeat, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis and heterologous PCR-based assays were carried out for a series of primates. Genomic DNA was analyzed with primers selected to differentially amplify the centromeric and telomeric ends of the human proximal and distal CMT1A-REP elements and an associated mariner (MLE) sequence. All primate species examined (common chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, baboon, rhesus monkey, green monkey, owl monkey, and galago) tested positive for a copy of the distal element. In addition to humans, only the chimpanzee was found to have a copy of the proximal CMT1A-REP element. All but one primate species (galago) tested positive for the MLE located within the CMT1A-REP sequence. These observations confirm the hypothesis that the distal CMT1A-REP element is the ancestral sequence which was duplicated during primate evolution, provide support for a human-chimpanzee clade, and suggest that insertion of the MLE into the CMT1A-REP sequence occurred in the ancestor of anthropoid primates.  (+info)

Gene assignment in the spider monkey (Ateles paniscus chamek--APC): APE-MYH7 to 2q; AR-GLA-F8C to the X chromosome. (3/135)

Comparative gene assignment between the spider monkey species Ateles paniscus chamek (APC) and man (HSA) showed conserved syntenic associations despite extensive karyotypic rearrangement between species. Two HSA 14q genes were allocated to APC 2q, being syntenic to other HSA 14q and HSA 15q markers previously assigned to APC 2q, and to HSA 12q genes previously assigned to APC 2p. These findings were consistent with A. geoffroyi chromosome painting with human whole-chromosome probes, indicating that the genus Ateles is karyotypically very rearranged. On the other hand, three human X-linked markers were assigned to the Ateles X chromosome, indicating that this chromosome is evolutionary stable.  (+info)

New world, but not Old World, monkeys carry several genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein. (4/135)

It was shown by Southern hybridization that cotton-top tamarin and common marmoset, New World monkeys, carry three or more genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein, also known as PSP94. In contrast, the genomes of Old World monkeys, as represented by rhesus macaque and sacred baboon, contain a single gene. Clones containing three different genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein were isolated from a cotton-top tamarin genomic library. They carry two complete genes of four exons and a third gene lacking the first exon. The structure suggests that the three genes are functionally active and give rise to transcripts that are approximately 86% similar in sequence. By sequencing one gene in full, it was shown that the introns carry an excess of interspersed repeats, on average 29% of the introns consist of Alu repeats. A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the genes probably arose in New World monkeys after the separation from Old World primates.  (+info)

Centromere repositioning. (5/135)

Primate pericentromeric regions recently have been shown to exhibit extraordinary evolutionary plasticity. In this paper we report an additional peculiar feature of these regions that we discovered while analyzing, by FISH, the evolutionary conservation of primate phylogenetic chromosome IX. If the position of the centromere is not taken into account, a relatively small number of rearrangements must be invoked to account for interspecific differences. Conversely, if the centromere is included, a paradox emerges: The position of the centromere seems to have undergone, in some species, an evolutionary history independent from the surrounding markers. A significant number of additional rearrangements must be proposed to reconcile the order of the markers with centromere position. Alternatively, the evolutionary emergence of neocentromeres can be postulated.  (+info)

Primary structure of the Herpesvirus ateles genome. (6/135)

Herpesvirus ateles is an agent indigenous to spider monkeys (Ateles spp.) and causes fulminant lymphomas in various New World primates. Structural and genetic relatedness led to the classification of this virus as a member of the genus Rhadinovirus. It is most closely related to Herpesvirus saimiri. The 108,409-bp light DNA segment of the herpesvirus ateles strain 73 genome has two genes for U-RNA-like transcripts and 73 open reading frames, of which at least 6 show significant homologies to cellular genes (encoding complement control proteins, apoptosis-regulatory proteins, D-type cyclins, interleukin-8 receptors, and enzymes involved in nucleotide metabolism). The left terminal region of the light DNA segment bears the putative rhadinovirus oncogene tio.  (+info)

Trypanosomes of non-human primates from the National Centre of Primates, Ananindeua, State of Para, brazil. (7/135)

Trypanosome infections were sought in 46 non-human primates captured principally in Amazonian Brazil. Twenty-two (47.8%) were infected with four Trypanosoma species: T. cruzi, T. minasense, T. devei and T. rangeli. These preliminary results confirmed the high prevalence and diversity of natural infections with trypanosomes in primates from Brazilian Amazon and were the first formal record of simian infections with trypanosomes in the State of Acre. The presence of T. cruzi-like and T. rangeli-like parasites are recorded in four new hosts.  (+info)

FISH mapping of the sex-reversal region on human chromosome 9p in two XY females and in primates. (8/135)

Accumulating evidence suggests that haploinsufficiency of a dosage-sensitive gene(s) in human chromosome 9p24.3 is responsible for the failure of testicular development and feminisation in XY patients with monosomy for 9p. We have used molecular cytogenetic methods to characterise the sex-reversing 9p deletions in two XY females. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) with YACs from the critical 9p region containing an evolutionarily conserved sex-determining gene, DMRT1, is a very fast and reliable assay for patient screening. Comparative YAC mapping on great ape and Old and New World monkey chromosomes demonstrated that the critical region was moved from an interstitial position on the ancestral primate chromosome to a very subtelomeric position in chimpanzee and humans by a pericentric inversion(s). Pathological 9p rearrangements may be the consequence of an evolutionary chromosome breakpoint in close proximity to the sex-reversal region.  (+info)

New World Monkeys (NWM) (platyrrhines) are one of the most diverse groups of primates, occupying today a wide range of ecosystems in the American tropics and exhibiting large variations in ecology, morphology, and behavior. Although the relationships among the almost 200 living species are relatively well understood, we lack robust estimates of the timing of origin, ancestral morphology, and geogr ...
New world Primates are represented by the suborder Platyrrhini. This includes the families Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins), Callimiconidae (Goeldis monkey) and Cebidae (cebids) with a total of 55 species according to Honacki et al. (285) and Hershkovitz (277). Some authors (69, 393) recognize a larger number of callitrichids. The primates are the best studied and best known group of neotropical mammals, which is why an exhaustive review of the relevant literature would exceed the purpose of this book. A number of primates are used for food or captured alive or bred for commercial purposes, but there is no outstanding key species in this respect. They will therefore be presented summarily as a group. Local names: Macaco (Brazil), mico, mono (in wide use), pichico (Peru, callitrichids), saqui (Brazil, callitrichids). Geographical distribution: The Cebidae family ranges from southern Mexico to northern Peru, along the Pacific slope and as far southeast as northern Argentina. The more ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Platyrrhini • Familia: Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Mico ...
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Like any other adaptation, locomotor adaptations are influenced by the ancestry of the species being considered. Consequently, primate species have evolved a wide number of solutions to the the same basic problem. In the case of locomotion, this has lead to a wide and varied locomotor repertoire. In previous posts I looked at how the…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. AU - Borrell, A.. AU - Ponsà, M.. AU - Egozcue, J.. AU - Rubio, A.. AU - Garcia, M.. PY - 1998/6/5. Y1 - 1998/6/5. N2 - In this paper, we describe the results of a qualitative and quantitative study of chromosomal reorganizations observed in X-irradiated (1Gy and 2Gy) and cultured lymphocytes from Cebus apella. A total of 646 breakpoints have been detected, identified and localized in the ideogram of the species. The breakpoint distribution along chromosomes, p and q arms, and bands is not random. Chromosomes 11, 12 and chromosome arms 1p, 12p, 13p, 15p, 11q, and 12q are significantly more affected than expected, while chromosome 19 and chromosome arm 19q are less affected. Terminal regions of chromosome arms accumulate a higher number of breakpoints than the rest of the chromosome (37.82%). A high percentage (93.66%) of breakpoints is found in G negative ...
Spider monkeys are New World monkeys of the family Atelidae, subfamily Atelinae. Found in tropical forests from southern Mexico to Brazil, spider monkeys belong to the genus Ateles; the closely related woolly spider monkeys are in the genus Brachyteles.. As they require large tracts of undisturbed forest and specialize on ripe fruits, spider monkeys may be considered an indicator species. The monkeys are threatened by habitat destruction through continued growth in South American agriculture. Disproportionately long, spindly limbs inspired the spider monkeys common name. Their deftly prehensile tails have highly flexible hairless tips.. Spider monkeys have hook-like, narrow and thumbless hands; the fingers are elongate and recurved. The hair is coarse, ranging in color from a ruddy gold to brown and black; the hands and feet are usually black. Heads are small with hairless faces. An unusually long labia in females may be mistaken for a penis; it is used to attract the males. A female will ...
Black spider monkeys are habitat specialists and are almost always seen in undisturbed, primary rainforest and do not utilize edge habitats (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; Lehman 2004b). Like other species of spider monkeys, black spider monkeys occupy the upper layers of the rainforest and forage in the high canopy (from 25 to 30 m [82.0 to 98.4 ft]) consuming primarily fruits, but also occasionally consuming leaves, flowers, and insects (van Roosmalen & Klein 1988; Russo et al. 2005). As large-bodied frugivores, black spider monkeys are important seed dispersers within the rainforest ecosystem and play a crucial role in regenerating tropical forests (van Roosmalen 1985; Russo et al. 2005). Compared to other sympatric species of primates, black spider monkeys exhibit low diet diversity because of their high levels of fruit consumption (Guillotin et al. 1994). Despite their dependence on fruit as the mainstay of their diet, black spider monkeys supplement their fruit consumption during ...
Aguiar, L. M., Mellek, D. M., Abreu, K. C., Boscarato, T. G., Bernardi, I. P., Miranda, J. M. D. and Passos, F. C. 2007. Sympatry between Alouatta caraya and Alouatta clamitans and the rediscovery of free-ranging potential hybrids in Southern Brazil. Primates 48: 24-248.. Arditi, S. I. and Placci, L. G. 1990. Hábitat y densidad de Aotus azarae y Alouatta caraya en Riacho Pilagá, Formosa. Boletín Primatológico Latinoamericano 2: 29-47.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 1994. Padrão de utilização de uma ilha de mata por Alouatta caraya (Primates: Cebidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 54(1): 167-171.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 2003. How do howler monkeys cope with habitat fragmentation? In: L. K. Marsh (ed.), Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation, pp. 283-303. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. and Calegaro-Marques, C. 1994. Feeding behavior of the black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) in a seminatural forest. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 16: 69-84.. Brown, A. ...
Merrill T. Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum). J Am Osteopath Assoc 1972;72(2):180. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
Hershkovitz, P. 1990. Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana Zoology, 55: 1-109. Kinzey, W. 1978. Feeding behaviour and molar features in two species of titi monkey. Pp. 373-85 in D Chivers, J Herbert, eds. Recent Advances in Primatology, Vol. 1. London: Academic Press. Kinzey, W. 1981. The titi monkeys, genus Callicebus: I. description of the species. Pp. 241-76 in A Coimbra-Filho, R Mittermeier, eds. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Mendoza, S., W. Mason. 1986. Contrasting responses to intruders and to involuntary separation by monogamous and polygynous new world monkeys. Physiology and Behavior, 38: 795-801. Mendoza, S., D. Reeder, W. Mason. 2002. Nature of Proximate Mechanisms Underlying Primate Social Systems: Simplicity and Redundancy. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11: 112-116. Moynihan, M. 1966. Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. ...
Also known as the black-handed spider monkey, Geoffroys Spider Monkey originates from parts of Mexico and possibly Colombia. There are 5 subspecies of
Spider monkeys form loose groups of 15-25 individuals. During the day, spider monkey groups break up into smaller subgroups of two to eight individuals; this social structure (fission-fusion) is found in only one other primate, the chimpanzee. The size of subgroups and the degree to which they will avoid each other during the day is determined by food competition and the risk of predation. Each group is closely associated with its territory (Gordon 2007).. Also less common in primates, females-rather than males-disperse at puberty to join new groups. Males tend to stick together for their whole life. Hence, males in a group are more likely to be related and have closer bonds than females. The strongest social bonds are formed between females and young offspring. Groups are thought to be directed by a lead female, who is responsible for planning an efficient route for the days feeding activities.. Spider monkeys are diurnal and spend the night sleeping in carefully trees. Grooming is not as ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
The Spider monkey is a primate with the scientific name Ateles geoffroyi. There are nine subspecies under this name, three of which are endangered. They are found in a wide range of places, extending from Mexico to Brazil. Spider monkeys are very inter...
Spider Monkey News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Spider Monkey From The tribunedigital-sunsentinel
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The Callitrichidae (also called Arctopitheci or Hapalidae) are a family of New World monkeys, including marmosets, tamarins and lion tamarins. At times, this group of animals has been regarded as a subfamily, called Callitrichinae, of the family Cebidae. This taxon was traditionally thought to be a primitive lineage, from which all the larger-bodied platyrrhines evolved. However, some works argue that callitrichids are actually a dwarfed lineage. Ancestral stem-callitrichids likely were normal-sized ceboids that were dwarfed through evolutionary time. This may exemplify a rare example of insular dwarfing in a mainland context, with the islands being formed by biogeographic barriers during arid climatic periods when forest distribution became patchy, and/or by the extensive river networks in the Amazon Basin. All callitrichids are arboreal. They are the smallest of the simian primates. They eat insects, fruit, and the sap or gum from trees; occasionally they take small vertebrates. The ...
ID CALJA14_21_PE9 STANDARD; PRT; 205 AA. AC CALJA14_21_PE9; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE Flags: Fragments; DE (CALJA14_21.PE9). OS CALLITHRIX JACCHUS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Platyrrhini; Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS CALJA14_21.PE9. CC Callithrix jacchus chromosome 14 C_jacchus3.2.1 partial sequence CC 19146825..20146824 annotated by Ensembl CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000113259 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Callithrix_jacchus;ENSCJAG00000035456;ENSCJAT00000054281;ENSCJAP00000048149. DR HOGENOMDNA; CALJA14_21.PE9; -. KW ...
Researchers in Mexico have documented wild spider monkeys rubbing themselves with fragrant, chewed up leaves. Though the exact purpose of this behavior is yet to be proven, it appears as if the scents may play a role int he context of social communication, possibly for signaling of social status or to increase sexual attractiveness, according to an article in the online journal, Primates.. ...
The social organization of black spider monkeys is closely related to their ecological niche as large-bodied frugivores. In addition to ranging over large areas to find the amount of fruit necessary to meet their feeding requirements, black spider monkeys exhibit another behavior that helps them cope with seasonally restricted fruit. Like chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), spider monkeys exhibit a fission-fusion social system; there is a large community of individuals that regularly associate with one another but individuals within the larger community spend much of their time traveling in smaller, temporary sub-groups led by dominant adult females (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; van Roosmalen 1985). Spider monkeys break up into small foraging groups that travel together and feed throughout the day within a core area of the larger groups home range (Simmen & Sabatier 1996). The subgroups or parties that are formed by individuals within the troop are temporary and can change in composition ...
Comprehensive academic volume on the charismatic but threatened woolly monkey Analyzes four recently reclassified taxa of woolly monkeys Offers new
Saimiri has a complicated taxonomic history, and there is continuing disagreement about the number of valid taxa. Despite these controversies, one point of consensus among morphologists has been that the eastern Amazonian populations of squirrel monkeys form a single terminal taxon, Saimiri sciureus sciureus (Linnaeus, 1758). This group is distributed to both the north and south of the middle to lower Amazon River and in the Marajó Archipelago. However, a recent molecular study by Lavergne and colleagues suggested that the Saimiri sciureus complex (comprised of S. s. sciureus sensu lato, S. s. albigena, S. s. macrodon, and S. s. cassiquiarensis) was paraphyletic. The discordance between morphological and molecular studies prompted us to conduct a new multidisciplinary analysis, employing a combination of morphological, morphometric, and molecular markers. Our results suggest the currently recognized taxon S. s. sciureus contains two distinct species, recognized by the Phylogenetic Species ...
Transcalciferin (the serum transport protein for cholecalciferol and related substances) of two New World monkeys, Cebus apella and Cebus albifrons, was found to be immunologically identical with the transcalciferin of other monkeys and partially with that of man. In contrast with the α-globulin mobility of the transcalciferin of other primates, the transcalciferin of cebus monkey has the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Most of the serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol was precipitable with isolated monospecific anti-(human transcalciferin) γ-globulins but not with anti-(human albumin) γ-globulins. These results indicate that the transport of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the cebus monkey is not due to albumin itself but to transcalciferin with the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Similar variants of transcalciferin also exist in man. ...
Vol 9: When Top-Down Becomes Bottom Up: Behaviour of Hyperdense Howler Monkeys Alouatta seniculus Trapped on a 0.6 Ha Island.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
In both Old World and New World monkeys Mhc- DRB sequences have been found which resemble human DRB1*03 and DRB3 genes in their second exon. The resemblance is shared sequence motifs and clustering
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Callicebus cupreus ustofuscus. Synonym: Callicebus usto-fuscus (Elliot, 1907).. Distribution: The locality of the type specimen in the British Museum is not known, except that is was collected in Brazil by Castelnau. The series of the Museu Goeldi was acquired from dealers at Iquitos on the Peruvian Amazon.. Description: Like C. cupreus in external appearance as regards the distribution of colours, but with a much more intense general colouring. Face bar, black. Forehead, as a rule, forming a more or less wide band over the eyebrows, the majority of the hairs having dark tawny rings. Hairs on the top of the head, nape, shoulders, back, outer side of the thighs and upper surface of the base of the tail smoky black with tawny or yellowish rings on the apical half. Sides of the head, chest, front limbs, belly, inner side of hind limbs, outer surface of the lower legs, hands and feet rich claret brown, which recalls wine dregs. Hairs of the tail black and white, the black more or less apparent and ...
The neural basis of behavioral choice in vertebrates remains largely unknown. Zebrafish larvae have a defined locomotor repertoire as well as a simple nervous system and are therefore an attractive vertebrate system in which to study this process. Here we describe a high-throughput system for quantifying the kinematics of motor events in zebrafish larvae in order to measure the initiation frequency of different maneuvers. We use this system to analyze responses to photic stimuli and find that larvae respond to changes in illumination with both acute responses and extended behavioral programs. Reductions in illumination elicit large angle turns, distinct from startle responses, which orient larvae toward the source of light. In continuing darkness, larvae are transiently hyperactive before adopting a quiescent state. Indeed, locomotor activity is controlled by the state of light or dark adaptation similar to masking phenomena in higher vertebrates where light directly regulates motor activity. We ...
A man in Topeka, Kansas decided to write a book about churches around the country. He started by flying to San Francisco and worked east from there. Going to a very large church, he began taking photographs and notes.
Negra lived as a pet from a very young age with a family in Ascensión de Guarayos. She remained tied to a tree by a chain, surrounded by a group of pigs. The staff of Parque Ambue Ari used to see Negra every week when they went to buy fruits and vegetables for the animals at the sanctuary. They tried to explain to Negras captors that it is illegal to keep monkeys as pets and that they should release her to CIWYs care. The family refused, until one day Negra freed herself, entered the neighbors house and caused great damage. After this, the family allowed CIWY to take Negra.. Negra initially came to Ambue Ari, but was transferred to Machía so that she could integrate into the group of spider monkeys there. Spider monkeys are very social animals and fortunately Negra was immediately accepted by the group.. Despite being over 20 years old, Negra is a very active monkey. Everything arouses her curiosity and she enjoys exploring the area for new stimuli. Her intelligence never ceases to amaze ...
I ended 2012 by finishing and defending my PhD, and now I am onto developing some potential chimpanzee and bonobo projects. So, the Year of Chimpanzee works well with my current interests. But dont worry, I wont be neglecting the spider monkeys... there are always more spider monkey tales to tell ...
Ruiz-García, M.; Pinedo-Castro, M.; Shostell, J.M. 2014: How many genera and species of woolly monkeys (Atelidae, Platyrrhine, Primates) are there? The first molecular analysis of Lagothrix flavicauda, an endemic Peruvian primate species. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 79: 179-198. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.034 reference page ...
Abstract Using the Trager-Jensen method, a second malaria species. Plasmodium fragile, a simian counterpart to the human malaria P. falciparum, has been cultivated successfully. The average growth rate every 3-4 days was 5-fold and the average number of merozoites observed was 14. To date, only rhesus monkey red blood cells (RBC) would support the long-term cultivation of this parasite. Short-term observations indicate that RBC from the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) may support growth but human RBC of each of the four major AB-O types failed to support growth of the parasite. Availability of the P. fragile-rhesus monkey model would allow for a second parasite-host system for the in vitro and in vivo study of the immunologic responses of the falciparum-like parasite in a more natural host.
JAN128077 (W) Ed Piskor (A/CA) Ed Piskor They say What you see is what you get! but Kevin Boingthump Phenicle could always see more than most people. In the world of phone phreaks, hackers, and scammers, hes a legend. Could he really get free long-distance calls by whistling into a pay phone? Did his video-game piracy scheme accidentally trigger the first computer virus? And did he really dodge the FBI by using their own wiretapping software against them? Inspired by the incredible stories of real-life hackers, Wizzywig is the thrilling tale of a master manipulator. In Shops: Jul 04, 2012 SRP: $19.95
titi: Callicebus any of about 20 species of small arboreal monkeys that have long furred tails and are found in South American rainforests, especially along the Amazon and other rivers....
My name is Mark Davis, my family and i live in NY USA.It was after seven years i got to discover that my wife was unfaithful to me.I didnt know what was going on at first but as she got deep in the affair with her new lover, i felt that our marriage was on the rocks.I notice that she no longer light up when i touch her or kiss her in her neck and her chest cos she really liked it when i did that, she also usually get naked in front of me but when she started seeing that guy she stopped it.I remember asking her if i have done anything that makes her feel irritated when i am around her then she gives silly excuses that she has been feeling stressed up and that she need space for a while.I know when you are been asked for space its usually because there is something fishy is going on.I hired a private investigator to help find out what was going on.And in a week time he brought me prove that my wife that i have lived with for seven straight year is cheating on me with her high school lover.I had ...
How do you explain the discovery of the new world by Europeans? Was it an accident, good luck, or the result of a more complex set of.
Knowledge-Centric Paradigm: A New World of IT Solutions Harvard Transition 2011 Symposium: Clarifying Goals, Mobilizing Support, Taking Action January 11-13, 2…
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Выберите интересующий Вас раздел: 0-9 B C D E F G H I L M O R S T V W А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я TOP 20... [Read More] Tracked on Aug 15, 2006 10:14:28 PM. ...
Business execs are playing a bigger role in buying technologies to help their firms win, serve, and retain customers. CIOs still play a major role, but they operate in a new world of shifting.... ...
New World monkeys are small to mid-sized primates, ranging from the pygmy marmoset (the worlds smallest monkey), at 14 to 16 cm (5.5 to 6.5 in) and a weight of 120 to 190 g (4.2 to 6.7 oz), to the southern muriqui, at 55 to 70 cm (22 to 28 in) and a weight of 12 to 15 kg (26 to 33 lb). New World monkeys differ slightly from Old World monkeys in several aspects. The most prominent phenotypic distinction is the nose, which is the feature used most commonly to distinguish between the two groups. The clade for the New World monkeys, Platyrrhini, means flat nosed. The noses of New World monkeys are flatter than the narrow noses of the Old World monkeys, and have side-facing nostrils. New World monkeys are the only monkeys with prehensile tails-in comparison with the shorter, non-grasping tails of the anthropoids of the Old World.. New World monkeys (except for the howler monkeys of genus Alouatta)[5] also typically lack the trichromatic vision of Old World monkeys.[6] Colour vision in New World ...
Looking for online definition of New World monkey in the Medical Dictionary? New World monkey explanation free. What is New World monkey? Meaning of New World monkey medical term. What does New World monkey mean?
Prehensile tailed monkeys are the largest of the New World monkeys. Species range from 382 to 686 mm head and body length in the Atelinae and from 559 to 915 mm head and body length in the howler monkeys (Alouattinae). Atelinae tail length ranges from 508 to 890 mm and weight from 5.5 to 15 kg. Alouattinae tail length ranges from 585 to 915 mm and weight from 4 to 12 kg. Males are substantially larger than females in howler monkeys (Alouatta) and woolly monkeys (Lagothrix), sexes are similar in size in other genera. Dental formula is I 2/2; C1/1; P 3/3; M 3/3. (Nowak, 1991). Prehensile tailed monkeys are from pale buff or gray (Brachyteles) to dark black (Ateles) in pelage color. Males and females differ in color in some species of howler monkeys. Prehensile tailed monkeys tend to have long limbs, fingers, and tails. This is especially pronounced in spider monkeys and muriquis, where it is associated with brachiation and suspensory locomotion. Woolly monkeys and howler monkeys have more compact ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular variation in AVP and AVPR1a in New World monkeys (primates, platyrrhini). T2 - Evolution and implications for social monogamy. AU - Ren, Dongren. AU - Chin, Kelvin R.. AU - French, Jeffrey A.. PY - 2014/10/31. Y1 - 2014/10/31. N2 - The neurohypophysial hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) plays important roles in fluid regulation and vascular resistance. Differences in AVP receptor expression, particularly mediated through variation in the noncoding promoter region of the primary receptor for AVP (AVPR1a), may play a role in social phenotypes, particularly social monogamy, in rodents and humans. Among primates, social monogamy is rare, but is common among New World monkeys (NWM). AVP is a nonapeptide and generally conserved among eutherian mammals, although a recent paper demonstrated that some NWM species possess a novel form of the related neuropeptide hormone, oxytocin. We therefore characterized variation in the AVP and AVPR1a genes in 22 species representing every ...
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic examination of the heart confirmed a dilative cardiomyopathy. This is the first report describing congestive heart failure caused by dilative cardiomyopathy in a squirrel monkey. Spontaneous dilative cardiomyopathy may be infrequently observed in the squirrel monkeys because they are not routinely housed in the research environment during their advancing years ...
The deadly yellow fever - an infectious disease caused by a mosquito-borne virus - has spread rapidly throughout Brazil, wiping out populations of the brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba). Thousands of monkeys are believed to have died across the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo in Brazil.. One of the worst affected areas is a private, federally protected reserve called RPPN Feliciana Miguel Abdala (RPPN-FMA), located in Caratinga, Minas Gerais. Once home to hundreds of howler monkeys, the forest no longer reverberates with the animals guttural roars.. Karen Strier, a professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and an associate conservation scientist at the Global Wildlife Conservation, has been studying the monkeys of RPPN-FMA since 1983.. When she returned to the reserve in January 2017, she found that howler monkeys had disappeared from large parts of the forest.. It was apparent very quickly that the howler monkeys were scarce, because some groups that ...
Bauer, K. and A. Schreiber. 1997. Double invasion of Tertiary island South America by ancestral New World monkeys? Biological-Journal of the Linnean Society 60:1-20.. Canavez, F. C., M. A. M. Moreira, J. J. Ladasky, A. Pissinatti, P. Parham, and H. N. Seuanez. 1999 Molecular phylogeny of New World primates (Platyrrhini) based on beta(2)-microglobulin DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics And Evolution 12:74-82.. Canavez, F. C., M. A. M. Moreira, F. Simon, P. Parham, and H. N. Seuanez. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of the callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, primates) based on beta(2)-microglobulin DNA sequences. American Journal of Primatology 48:225-236.. Harada, M. L., H. Schneider, and Schneider, M. P. C. 1995. DNA evidence on the phylogenetic systematics of new world monkeys: Support for the sister-grouping of Cebus and Saimiri from two unlinked nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4:331-349. Horovitz, I. And R. D. E. MacPhee. 1999. The Quaternary Cuban platyrrhine Paralouatta ...
Summary 3H-labelled 70S RNA of squirrel monkey retrovirus (SMRV) hybridized to a high degree (> 52%) to the DNA of various tissues of two squirrel monkeys. Hybridization of the same probe to DNAs of other primates including New World monkeys (Woolly monkey, capuchin, owl monkey), Old World monkeys (rhesus, African green), apes (gibbon, chimpanzee), and human (A204 cells infected with MPMV) revealed no significant hybridization. Analysis of the kinetics of hybridization indicated that SMRV provirus was present in multiple copies in various squirrel monkey tissues (C 0 t ½ = 120 to 400) and in SMRV-infected A204 cells at a low number of copies (C 0 t ½ = 1500). These results demonstrate that SMRV is an endogenous virus of squirrel monkeys and the first isolated from a New World monkey.
Woolly monkey, any of five species of densely furred South American primates found in rainforests of the western Amazon River basin. Woolly monkeys average 40-60 cm (16-24 inches) in length, excluding the thick and somewhat longer prehensile tail. Females weigh 7 kg (15.5 pounds) on average, males
Fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (e.g., cortisol) are a valuable non-invasive source of information on individual levels of physiological stress. However, using them to evaluate stress levels among females can be problematic in species that do not show overt signs of reproductive condition because concentrations of reproductive hormones can affect cortisol concentrations. For example, high concentrations of estradiol during pregnancy may promote an increase in glucocorticoids and associated binding factors. Here, we examine the efficacy of using fecal glucocorticoid metabolites as an indicator of stress and whether estradiol is a potential confound of such measurements in both wild (El Zota, Costa Rica) and captive (Brookfield Zoo, Illinois) black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). First, fecal cortisol concentrations were measured from captive female spider monkeys before and after a veterinary exam. All females exhibited elevated cortisol concentrations after this stressful experience, ...
According to several lines of evidence, the great expansion observed in the primate prefrontal cortex (PfC) was accompanied by the emergence of new cortical areas during phylogenetic development. As a consequence, the structural heterogeneity noted in this region of the primate frontal lobe has been associated with diverse behavioral and cognitive functions described in human and non-human primates. A substantial part of this evidence was obtained using Old World monkeys as experimental model; while the PfC of New World monkeys has been poorly studied. In this study, the architecture of the PfC in five capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) was analyzed based on four different architectonic tools, Nissl and myelin staining, histochemistry using the lectin Wisteria floribunda agglutinin and immunohistochemistry using SMI-32 antibody. Twenty-two architectonic areas in the Cebus PfC were distinguished: areas 8v, 8d, 9d, 12l, 45, 46v, 46d, 46vr and 46dr in the lateral PfC; areas 11l, 11m, 12o, 13l, 13m, 13i, 14r
email protected]. Madison: Whelen Engineering of Chester, Connecticut has won this months Noisy Dozen award from Noise Free America for manufacturing The Howler, designed to produce intense low-frequency noise on emergency vehicles.. The Howler Low-Frequency Tone Siren produces noise that can he heard from 200 feet. Its low-frequency booms can easily penetrate homes with their windows closed.. The rationale for The Howler? To make police, fire, and ambulance sirens even louder, to overcome high ambient noise from boom cars and motorcycles. In other words, The Howler is an added layer of noise.. Whelen Engineering brags that The Howler is an effective added layer of warning when used with your 100/200 watt siren amplifier. Howler provides deep, low frequency tones, which are able to penetrate other vehicles, alerting drivers and pedestrians of your approach. Whelen also notes that The Howler adds a minimum eight-second penetrating burst of low frequency siren sound for use in heavy ...
Last big trip for the year is coming up: Panama (cue Van Halen song) My twitter pal, Natalie (@_nctaylor) is in Costa Rica right now and has had the pleasure of discovering Howler Monkeys, which of course is cool, because I love it when anyone finds Howler Monkeys interesting. (Who wouldnt?) Sharing in Natalies excitement…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetic relationships among three squirrel monkey types. T2 - Implications for taxonomy, biomedical research, and captive breeding. AU - Vandeberg, John L.. AU - Williams‐Blangero, Sarah. AU - Moore, Charleen M.. AU - Cheng, Min‐Lee ‐L. AU - Abee, Christian R.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Fourteen electrophoretically variable and 12 monomorphic erythrocytic and serum proteins were used to determine the genetic relationships among Bolivian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis), Peruvian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis), and Guyanese squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus sciureus). The results supported the classification scheme of Hershkovitz (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 7:155-210, 1984), which is used above. A profile of marker phenotypes can unambiguously discriminate between the two species examined, and can discriminate most S. b. boliviensis from most S. b. peruviensis. All three groups can be distinguished unambiguously by the location of ...
Its really, really, really unusual to see this many monkeys sick all at once and to see this many monkeys dead all at once, said ecologist Williams-Guillén, a visiting scholar at U-Ms School of Natural Resources and Environment who has studied wild howler monkeys in Nicaragua since 1999.. Williams-Guillén is also the director of conservation science for Paso Pacífico, an environmental nonprofit that works in Nicaraguas Pacific forests. She said her group has confirmed at least 75 deaths reported by Nicaraguan landowners and forest rangers, 70 of them since mid-January.. Williams-Guillén plans to return to Nicaragua in a few days to investigate the monkey deaths and to look for other sick or recently deceased howlers.. At this early stage, the researchers have four main cause-of-death hypotheses theyd like to investigate. They want to know whether the deaths were caused by: 1) drought or some other environmental stress resulting in lack of food or water; 2) poisoning by ingestion of ...
Abstract We report a trial in squirrel monkeys of 2 recombinant Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine candidates based on the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. One recombinant (NSI81 V20), produced in Escherichia coli, contains the repeat region of the CS protein. The other (VIVAX-1) recombinant is yeast-derived and contains the entire repeat domain and part of the surrounding N-terminal and C-terminal regions. Both antigens were administered with alum and muramyl tripeptide as adjuvants. No formulations caused toxic side effects. Both antigens, when administered with alum, induced high levels of sporozoite antibodies in all animals. Another group of animals was immunized with irradiated sporozoites alone. Upon challenge, a few immunized animals did not develop detectable parasitemia and others developed parasitemia only after a prolonged prepatent period. Monkeys immunized with irradiated sporozoites had higher levels of antibody but no increased protection. There was no correlation between protection and
Modern platyrrhines live in Central and South America but its not entirely clear how their common ancestor got there. At the time, around 25 million years ago, the Panama land bridge that connected North and South American hadnt formed, and the Atlantic Ocean was narrower. Its possible that this ancient monkey rafted across from Africa. No matter how it got there, what happened next is clearer thanks to Perelmans study.. After they reached South America, the platyrrhines diverged into three major families. The first to branch off were the pithecids, including the titis, the bald-faced uakaris (top left), the bearded sakis. Next came the atelids with their long, prehensile tails, including the howler (bottom right), spider and woolly monkeys.. Finally, the cebids. This group includes several species that have previously been classified in separate families; Perelman has decided to united them in one. They diverged in quick succession - first, the capuchins and squirrel monkeys (bottom left), ...
Apologies for the long radio silence. Travelling and the obligatory pre-travelling frenzy shut down the blogging assembly line for a couple weeks. Having wrapped up my west-coast jaunt (thanks to the great crowd that came out for the CSPAN taping at Stanford), I can write a bit about some of the new science that has caught my eye.. Crouching on top on the pile are howler monkeys. Howlers have become frequent visitors to the Loom, much to my surprise. For some reason theyve recently started to have a lot to say about evolution-particularly, as odd as it may seem, about the evolution of our own species. As I wrote in an earlier post, we humans have good eyesight compared to many other primates. We have three genes that make receptors for light in our eyes, each sensitive to its own band of the spectrum-red, green and blue. The combined sensitivity of these genes lets us tell the difference between yellow, organge, pink, and red. Other apes and monkeys in the Old World also have trichromatic ...
Quantity discrimination abilities are seen in a diverse range of species with similarities in performance patterns, suggesting common underlying cognitive mechanisms. However, methodological factors that impact performance make it difficult to draw broad phylogenetic comparisons of numerical cognition across studies. For example, some Old World monkeys selected a higher quantity stimulus more frequently when choosing between inedible (pebbles) than edible (food) stimuli. In Experiment 1 we presented brown capuchin (Cebus [Sapajus] paella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with the same two-choice quantity discrimination task in three different stimulus conditions: edible, inedible, and edible replaced (in which choice stimuli were food items that stood in for the same quantity of food items that were given as a reward ...
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I actually love to fit pants, because of the mystery invloved! You have to understand the lower half of the body and all the crazy differences people have in this region. When you get it wrong its really bad but when you get it right it is magic! The crotch depth is where it all happens and you have to understand that when you are sewing pants there is a differnt result when you sew the curve of the crotch than when you sew the back center and front center seam. I always have to give my pants a deeper crotch depth and i do a sway back adjustment which sounds like what you will also need to do. I have a book and it is my best friend when making pants, check it out, you will not be dissappointed. It is called Easy Guide To Sewing Pants by Lynn MacIntyre. This book shows you how to fit your pants and it has alteration methods for all sorts of fitting issues.. ReplyDelete ...
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Although the creature resembles a large kitten, as a member of the Ateles genus, it is more closely related to wooly and spider monkeys. Ateles saporis, informally known as the delicacy ape, is a tree-dwelling herbivore that can measure up to a meter from head to tail. The adult delicacy ape weighs between 35 and 40 pounds and tastes wonderful with a currant glaze. via ...
Have you ever heard of a pack of wolves, meercats, spider monkeys, chimps, gorillas, howler monkeys, lions, elephants, etc. living in five hundred to thousand individual size groups or shall we say herds? All of them and a mass of other such small group animals live in groups in numbers per group that stays within a certain range. In most, there is an alpha male whom the group revolves around. There will be sub-alphas who support him but one of which will ultimately replace him. When the group gets behond its usual size, it begins to become difficult to keep together. There is more dissention. If the alpha is weak, females will leave with their offspring or another male becomes dominant. With some groups, its the head female that is dominant. A too large group encourages the sub-dominant male to split off with some of the females. Nothing can make the females, gays and children more uneasy and insecure than if the group is large enough that the dominant male has more females than he can control ...
Have you ever heard of a pack of wolves, meercats, spider monkeys, chimps, gorillas, howler monkeys, lions, elephants, etc. living in five hundred to thousand individual size groups or shall we say herds? All of them and a mass of other such small group animals live in groups in numbers per group that stays within a certain range. In most, there is an alpha male whom the group revolves around. There will be sub-alphas who support him but one of which will ultimately replace him. When the group gets behond its usual size, it begins to become difficult to keep together. There is more dissention. If the alpha is weak, females will leave with their offspring or another male becomes dominant. With some groups, its the head female that is dominant. A too large group encourages the sub-dominant male to split off with some of the females. Nothing can make the females, gays and children more uneasy and insecure than if the group is large enough that the dominant male has more females than he can control ...
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Dickies Flex Regular Fit Straight Leg Twill Work Pant - Quality Mens Pants. We wrote the book on Flex Comfort. By using mechanical stretch yarns, we give you a better range of motion while delivering comfort and ease of movement. This is a blended poly/cotton twill pant that is durable, long-lasting and a great year-round weight. We have incorporated stain release and wrinkle resistance for wash and go ease of care. Add to that moisture wicking capabilities and you have the perfect pair of pants for all-day comfort both indoors and out.
Oh, Peter. You are such a hoot. But on to more serious matters, I must weigh in on the pleated pant issue. The particular problem with that specific pair of pants is their lack of slouchiness, which other readers have described as too high on the waist. It made the pants seem stuffy, dated, and more suited for ancient Uncle Carl, rather than a slim, youthful, hipster like yourself. Pleats could be done if they had slouch--i.e., a much lower crotch, and more fluid movement and fabric. Your banished pants were pleated 80s chino thingies, and you are simply WAY too cool for that! Duh, especially for that certain event, where one must appear as cool and hip and possible (and show them all!!!). ReplyDelete ...
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Ive always liked Railriders and they offer a couple of styles with reinforcement. Just had a wonderful customer experience with them that makes me a devoted customer. I wear their Backcountry Khakis as an all around pant and had the button fall off. I contacted them asking if I could get a replacement button so I could repair them and they sent me a new pair of pants. The day those showed up, the button fell off another pair. So theres obviously a button problem going on here. The new pair uses a sewed on button that would have to rip off and cant fall apart. I thanked them for the new pants and let them know about the second pair but told them I wasnt looking for a replacement pair. They still offered, but I declined as it seemed overkill for a button and they had already done it once. Anyway, to me that is some pretty awesome service. Super durable pants -- other than that round of defective buttons ...
Why biodiversity is not uniformly distributed on the Earth is a major research question of biogeography. One of the most striking patterns of disparity in species distribution are the biodiversity hotspots, which generally do not fit with the distribution of relevant components of the Neotropical biota. In this study, we assess the proximal causes of the species-richness pattern of one of the most conspicuous groups of Neotropical mammals, the New World monkeys the Platyrrhini. We test two complementary hypotheses : (1) there is a historical source-sink dynamic (addressed using macroevolutionary and macroecological approaches) ; (2) the large number of species in the Amazon basin is due to the constraints imposed by environmental variables occurring outside this area.(...). View online ...
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Phil OSophicals AYCARAMBA (Automated Yet Comprehensive Arboreal Recognition And Magnetic Branch Avoidance) took second spot, while LARCH (Lohan Arborial Repulsion Coded Heuristic) came in third, just one vote ahead of NumptyScrubs NO:PANTS (Navigationally Obligatory: Pixhawk Avoidance of Nearby Tree System).. While the poll was still live, NumptyScrub suggested that since his entry was simply an extension of PANTS, Sir Sham Cad should take the honours should readers decide they preferred LOHAN with NO:PANTS.. This honourable suggestion has earned NumptyScrub some stickers of his own, and in fact everyone whose entry made the final cut can have some stickers too. Can you all please email me your postal address right here? Ta.. Yes indeed, thats the kind of mood were in this fine Friday, as our Kickstarter campaign to get LOHAN out to Spaceport America tops an impressive £26k.. And in the spirit of New Mexico ballocket launch facilities, lets raise a pint to Francis Vaughan, who was ...
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Cebidae. Subfamily:. Saimiriinae. Miller, 1912 (1900). Genus:. Saimiri. Voigt, 1831. Type species. ...
Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae, and Atelidae. The five families are ranked together as the Ceboidea, the only extant superfamily ...
Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (14 species). *Family Aotidae: night monkeys (11 species) ...
Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (14 species). *Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis) (11 species) ... Some primate families, from top to bottom: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, Callitrichidae, Atelidae, ...
Primates: Cebidae). ZOOLOGIA 36: e30845. Flesher, Kevin Michael (Dec 2015). "The Distribution, Habitat Use, and Conservation ...
Przedstawiciele różnych rodzin naczelnych, od góry do dołu: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, ...
Cebidae (e.g., †Homunculus, Cebus [capuchin], Ateles [spider monkey], Alouatta [howler monkey]) Superfamily 2. Cercopithecoidea ...
Cebidae, kapusineraper og ekkornaper. *Aotidae, nattaper. *Pitheciidae, tititer, sakier, og uakarier. *Atelidae, brølaper, ...
2000) (Cebidae, Callitrichinae) from Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia". International Journal of Primatology. 35 (2): 529-546. ...
2000) (Cebidae, Callitrichinae) from Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia". International Journal of Primatology. 35 (2): 529-546. ...
捲尾猴科 Cebidae. 亞科: 狨亞科 Callitrichinae. 屬: 狨屬 Callithrix. ...
It was formerly included in the family Cebidae. Atelids are generally larger monkeys; the family includes the howler, spider, ...
IV: Cebidae Part A. ,volume= has extra text (help) Forbes, H. A Hand-Book to the Primates. p. 212. Hill, W. (1960). Cebus ... IV: Cebidae Part A, pp. 483-485). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Fragaszy, D.; Visalberghi, E. & Fedigan, L. (2004). ... Cebidae-Primates) using chromosome painting and G-banding". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8: 169. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-169. PMC ...
Hershkovitz, P (1963): A systematic and zoogeographic account of South American titi monkeys, genus Callicebus (Cebidae) of the ... Hershkovitz, P (1990): Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review ... family Cebidae, Platyrrhini), Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 140(1):240-272. Groves 2001 Van ... Cebidae, Primates)". Hereditas. 133 (1): 55-8. doi:10.1111/j.1601-5223.2000.t01-1-00055.x. PMID 11206854. Defler 2010 Bonvicino ...
Gregorin, R.; De Vivo, M. (2013). "Revalidation of Saguinus ursula Hoffmannsegg (Primates: Cebidae: Callitrichinae)". Zootaxa. ... Cebidae, Callitrichinae) and a revised genus-level classification". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 118: 156-171. doi: ...
Cebidae, Primates) by means of mtCOII gene sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57 (3): 1049-61. doi:10.1016/j. ...
Gregorin, R.; De Vivo, M. (2013). "Revalidation of Saguinus ursula Hoffmannsegg (Primates: Cebidae: Callitrichinae)". Zootaxa. ... Cebidae: Callitrichinae)". Zootaxa. 3721 (2): 172-82. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3721.2.4. PMID 26120667. Garbino, Guilherme S. T.; ...
"Taxonomy of squirrel monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, platyrrhini): A preliminary report with description of a hitherto unnamed ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Garbino, Guilherme S. T. (1 December 2015). "How many marmoset (Primates: Cebidae: ...
Altitudinal range extension for Cebus albifrons (Primates: Cebidae) in southern Ecuador. Neotropical Primates 15:22-24 pdf full ...
The capuchin monkey feeds on a vast range of food types, and is more varied than other monkeys in the family Cebidae. They are ... Janson, C. H. (1984). "Female choice and mating system of the brown capuchin monkey Cebus apella (Primates: Cebidae)". Z. ... Silva Jr., J. de S. (2001). Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). PhD ... Cebidae)" (PDF). Boletim do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro), Zoologia. Nova Série (523): 1-16. Archived from the original (PDF ...
Cebidae). Ph.D. thesis. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Wildlife as Canon sees it. n.a.. National Geographic ... Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana 6 (supp.): 97-110 Silva Jr., J. de S. (2001). Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, ...
Mason, W. A.; Mendoza, S. P. (1993). "Contrasting life modes in cebidae: titi monkeys (Callicebus) and squirrel monkeys ( ... Hershkovitz, P. (1990). "Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic ...
Various New World monkeys in the families Cebidae and Atelidae host Pediculus mjobergi. "Pediculus". Integrated Taxonomic ...
Cebidae)". Revta Bras. Zool. 16 (2): 531-551. doi:10.1590/S0101-81751999000200018. Cardoso de Sousa; Marcelo (2008). "New ...
Hershkovitz, P. (1990). "Titis, New World Monkeys of the Genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): A Preliminary Taxonomic ...
Ayres, J.M. (1985). "On a new species of squirrel monkey, genus Saimiri, from Brazilian Amazonia (Primates, Cebidae)". Papéis ...
Cebidae)". Revta bras. Zool: 531-551. GIFFIN, Donald W. The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Aug., 1964), ...
Previously classified in the family Cebidae, they are now placed in the family Atelidae. A. palliata group Coiba Island howler ...
Cebidae)". Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 36: 147-164. Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonia Press. ...
The Cebidae are one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. Extant members are the capuchin and squirrel ... Family Cebidae Subfamily Cebinae (all capuchin monkeys) Genus Cebus (gracile capuchin monkeys) Kaapori capuchin (C. kaapori) ... For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while ... moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. The most recent classification of New ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: II - aspectos evolutivos da infecção no primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) pela Leishmania (V.) ... Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: I - Sobre a susceptibilidade do primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) à infecção pela Leishmania ( ...
Cebidae) from México. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.1, pp.293-299. ISSN 2007-8706. ...
Cebidae, Primates). *Manuel Ruíz-García, Pablo Escobar-Armel, Norberto Leguizamón, Paola Manzur, Myreya Omayra Pinedo-Castro, ... Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of all the Saimiri taxa (Cebidae, Primates) inferred from mt COI and COII gene ... Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of the white-fronted capuchin (Cebus albifrons; Cebidae, Primates) by means of ... Cebidae, Primates) by means of mtCOII gene sequences.}, author={Manuel Ru{\i}z-Garc{\i}a and Mar{\i}a Ignacia Castillo and ...
Cebidae; Eocene epoch; Miocene epoch; altitude; ancestry; ecosystems; extinction; fossils; geographical distribution; global ... Cebidae Remove constraint Subject: Cebidae Start Over ...
The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates). Journal of ... The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates). / Hogg, Russell ... title = "The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates)", ... T1 - The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates) ...
Cebidae (Marmoset/tamarin/capuchin/squirrel monkey kind). This family is comprised of six genera and 56 species. At one time ... Though this genus had traditionally been placed in Cebidae, in 1989 it was suggested they should have a full family status ( ...
Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, IV: Cebidae, Part A. A Monograph. HILL, W.C.O. ... Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy: V Cebidae Part B Hill, W. C. Osman ... Primates, Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, 5, Cebidae - Part B. Hill, W. C. Osman ... The Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy of the Primates Volume 5: Cebidae Hill, Osman ...
Cebidae. Subfamily:. Saimiriinae. Miller, 1912 (1900). Genus:. Saimiri. Voigt, 1831. Type species. ...
Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae, and Atelidae. The five families are ranked together as the Ceboidea, the only extant superfamily ...
Publisher Correction: Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) *Mirela ... Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) *Mirela Pelizaro Valeri ... Rights & permissionsfor article Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus ,i,Saimiri,/i, (Cebidae, ... Cebidae, Platyrrhini) . Opens in a new window. ...
Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Saguinus • Species: Saguinus geoffroyi (Pucheran, 1845) ...
Cebidae • Subfamilia: Cebinae • Genus: Cebus • Species: Cebus libidinosus Spix, 1823 ...
Przedstawiciele różnych rodzin naczelnych, od góry do dołu: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, ...
Cebidae. Lagothrix flavicauda CoP4 Prop. 1. Peru. Transfer from Appendix II to Appendix I. ...
Some notes on the taxonomy and distributions of the tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus, Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana 6: 97- ... Sistemática dos macacos -prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). Livro de Resumos, X Congresso ... Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). Doctoral Thesis, Universidade ...
g Callitrichidae, Cebidae. Cercopithecidae, and Papio. Baboons might require more height than other monkeys. ...
Family Cebidae: marmosets, tamarins, capuchins and squirrel monkeys. Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis). ... Cebidae (marmosets, capuchins, squirrel monkeys, tamarins), Aotidae (night or owl monkeys), Pitheciidae (titis, sakis, uakaris ... comprising the genus Saimiri of the family Cebidae, grow to 25 to 35 centimeters (9.8 to 13.8 inches) long, plus a 35 to 42 ... comprising the genus Cebus of the family Cebidae, reach a length of 30 to 56 centimeters (12-22 inches), with tails that are ...
Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated ...
Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated ...
Cebidae • Cebus • Cercopithecidae • Cholesterol • Climate • Colostrum • Competitive Behavior • Costa Rica • Cuspid • Dental ...
Cebidae. Robust capuchin monkeys. Cebidae. Gracile capuchin monkeys. Cebidae. Squirrel monkeys. Callitrichidae. Silvery ...
Family Cebidae (capuchin and squirrel monkeys). 10 or more species in 2 genera.. *. Cebus (capuchin monkeys). 5 to 8 species.. ... Sometimes included in the family Cebidae as a subfamily.. *. Saguinus (tamarins). 12 or more species.. ... Formerly, only two families were recognized within the group: Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins) and Cebidae (all others, ... Callitrichidae and Aotidae are sometimes lumped into the Cebidae.. *. Family Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins). 27 or ...
Cebidae, kapusineraper og ekkornaper. *Aotidae, nattaper. *Pitheciidae, tititer, sakier, og uakarier. *Atelidae, brølaper, ...
Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Cebidae Medicine & Life Sciences ... Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. / ... T1 - Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation ... Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. ...
2001). Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). PhD Tthesis, Universidade ... Queiroz, H. L. (1992). A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben 1977 (Cebidae, Primates), from eastern Brazilian ... Cebidae). Boletim do Museu Nacional, nova serie, Rio de Janeiro, 523, 1-16.Google Scholar ... Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana, 6(Supplement), 97-110.Google Scholar ...
捲尾猴科 Cebidae. 亞科: 狨亞科 Callitrichinae. 屬: 狨屬 Callithrix. ...
Tufted capuchin (Cebidae: Cebus apella) milk (7.0 mL) was collected at 43, 313 and 348 days postpartum from lactating females ... Bolivian Squirrel monkey (Cebidae: Saimiri boliviensis) milk (5.0 mL) was collected 152, 162 and 174 days postpartum from ... This study found common features among the milk oligosaccharides of monkeys of three families (Atelidae, Cebidae, ... Cebidae: tufted capuchin (Cebus apella) and Bolivian squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis); Atelidae: mantled howler (Alouatta ...
Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSCJAP00000042571, ECO:0000313, ...
  • Cebidae, Primates) by means of mtCOII gene sequences. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Food habits of white-faced capuchins Cebus capucinus L. (Primates : Cebidae) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica. (brill.com)
  • Capuchin monkeys, comprising the genus Cebus of the family Cebidae, reach a length of 30 to 56 centimeters (12-22 inches), with tails that are just as long as the body, and weigh up to 1.3 kilograms (2 pounds, 13 ounces). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Garcia, M. / Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation . (uab.cat)
  • Cebidae Cebus spp. (j-monkey.jp)
  • The name black-capped capuchin has been applied to both C. apella and C. nigrivittatus .The genus Cebus belongs to the family Cebidae. (britannica.com)
  • Squirrel monkeys, comprising the genus Saimiri of the family Cebidae, grow to 25 to 35 centimeters (9.8 to 13.8 inches) long, plus a 35 to 42 centimeter (13.8 to 15.5 inches) tail, and weigh 750 to 1100 grams (1.7 to 2.4 pounds). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cebidae are one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. (wikipedia.org)
  • members of the families Cebidae (New World monkeys) and Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The New World monkeys of Central and South America belong to the family Cebidae and to the family Callitrichidae (the marmosets and tamarins ). (jrank.org)
  • The Cebidae, or capuchin-like monkeys, are distinguished from the marmosets and tamarins by their possession of nails instead of claws on most fingers and toes, and three molars instead of two on either side of each jaw. (jrank.org)
  • The Cebidae family ranges from southern Mexico to northern Peru, along the Pacific slope and as far southeast as northern Argentina. (fao.org)
  • Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV Cebidae, Part A. Edinburgh: The Edinburgh University Press. (eskeletons.org)
  • The only true brachiators are the gibbons ( Hylobatidae ), which are able to move more quickly through the trees than a human can walk on the ground below, but the spider monkey ( Ateles , see CEBIDAE ) and its relatives use brachiation a good deal in their locomotion. (encyclopedia.com)

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