A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.
An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A genus of the subfamily ALOUATTINAE, family ATELIDAE, inhabiting the forests of Central and South America. Howlers travel in groups and define their territories by howling accompanied by vigorously shaking and breaking branches.
A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
A subfamily in the family CEBIDAE that consists of four genera: CALLITHRIX (marmosets), CALLIMICO (Goeldi's monkey), LEONTOPITHECUS (lion tamarins), and SAGUINUS (long-tusked tamarins). The members of this family inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.
The largest family of snakes, comprising five subfamilies: Colubrinae, Natricinae, Homalopsinae, Lycodontinae, and Xenodontinae. They show a great diversity of eating habits, some eating almost anything, others having a specialized diet. They can be oviparous, ovoviviparous, or viviparous. The majority of North American snakes are colubrines. Among the colubrids are king snakes, water moccasins, water snakes, and garter snakes. Some genera are poisonous. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp321-29)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.

The evolution of trichromatic color vision by opsin gene duplication in New World and Old World primates. (1/135)

Trichromacy in all Old World primates is dependent on separate X-linked MW and LW opsin genes that are organized into a head-to-tail tandem array flanked on the upstream side by a locus control region (LCR). The 5' regions of these two genes show homology for only the first 236 bp, although within this region, the differences are conserved in humans, chimpanzees, and two species of cercopithecoid monkeys. In contrast, most New World primates have only a single polymorphic X-linked opsin gene; all males are dichromats and trichromacy is achieved only in those females that possess a different form of this gene on each X chromosome. By sequencing the upstream region of this gene in a New World monkey, the marmoset, we have been able to demonstrate the presence of an LCR in an equivalent position to that in Old World primates. Moreover, the marmoset sequence shows extensive homology from the coding region to the LCR with the upstream sequence of the human LW gene, a distance of >3 kb, whereas homology with the human MW gene is again limited to the first 236 bp, indicating that the divergent MW sequence identifies the site of insertion of the duplicated gene. This is further supported by the presence of an incomplete Alu element on the upstream side of this insertion point in the MW gene of both humans and a cercopithecoid monkey, with additional Alu elements present further upstream. Therefore, these Alu elements may have been involved in the initial gene duplication and may also be responsible for the high frequency of gene loss and gene duplication within the opsin gene array. Full trichromacy is present in one species of New World monkey, the howler monkey, in which separate MW and LW genes are again present. In contrast to the separate genes in humans, however, the upstream sequences of the two howler genes show homology with the marmoset for at least 600 bp, which is well beyond the point of divergence of the human MW and LW genes, and each sequence is associated with a different LCR, indicating that the duplication in the howler monkey involved the entire upstream region. [The sequence data described in this paper have been submitted to GenBank under accession nos. AF155218, AF156715, and AF156716.]  (+info)

Molecular evolution of the CMT1A-REP region: a human- and chimpanzee-specific repeat. (2/135)

The CMT1A-REP repeat consists of two copies of a 24-kb sequence on human chromosome 17p11.2-12 that flank a 1.5-Mb region containing a dosage-sensitive gene, peripheral nerve protein-22 (PMP22). Unequal meiotic crossover mediated by misalignment of proximal and distal copies of the CMT1A-REP in humans leads to a 1.5-Mb duplication or deletion associated with two common peripheral nerve diseases, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). Previous molecular hybridization studies with CMT1A-REP sequences suggested that two copies of the repeat are also found in the chimpanzee, raising the possibility that this unique repeat arose during primate evolution. To further characterize the structure and evolutionary synthesis of the CMT1A-REP repeat, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis and heterologous PCR-based assays were carried out for a series of primates. Genomic DNA was analyzed with primers selected to differentially amplify the centromeric and telomeric ends of the human proximal and distal CMT1A-REP elements and an associated mariner (MLE) sequence. All primate species examined (common chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, baboon, rhesus monkey, green monkey, owl monkey, and galago) tested positive for a copy of the distal element. In addition to humans, only the chimpanzee was found to have a copy of the proximal CMT1A-REP element. All but one primate species (galago) tested positive for the MLE located within the CMT1A-REP sequence. These observations confirm the hypothesis that the distal CMT1A-REP element is the ancestral sequence which was duplicated during primate evolution, provide support for a human-chimpanzee clade, and suggest that insertion of the MLE into the CMT1A-REP sequence occurred in the ancestor of anthropoid primates.  (+info)

Gene assignment in the spider monkey (Ateles paniscus chamek--APC): APE-MYH7 to 2q; AR-GLA-F8C to the X chromosome. (3/135)

Comparative gene assignment between the spider monkey species Ateles paniscus chamek (APC) and man (HSA) showed conserved syntenic associations despite extensive karyotypic rearrangement between species. Two HSA 14q genes were allocated to APC 2q, being syntenic to other HSA 14q and HSA 15q markers previously assigned to APC 2q, and to HSA 12q genes previously assigned to APC 2p. These findings were consistent with A. geoffroyi chromosome painting with human whole-chromosome probes, indicating that the genus Ateles is karyotypically very rearranged. On the other hand, three human X-linked markers were assigned to the Ateles X chromosome, indicating that this chromosome is evolutionary stable.  (+info)

New world, but not Old World, monkeys carry several genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein. (4/135)

It was shown by Southern hybridization that cotton-top tamarin and common marmoset, New World monkeys, carry three or more genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein, also known as PSP94. In contrast, the genomes of Old World monkeys, as represented by rhesus macaque and sacred baboon, contain a single gene. Clones containing three different genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein were isolated from a cotton-top tamarin genomic library. They carry two complete genes of four exons and a third gene lacking the first exon. The structure suggests that the three genes are functionally active and give rise to transcripts that are approximately 86% similar in sequence. By sequencing one gene in full, it was shown that the introns carry an excess of interspersed repeats, on average 29% of the introns consist of Alu repeats. A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the genes probably arose in New World monkeys after the separation from Old World primates.  (+info)

Centromere repositioning. (5/135)

Primate pericentromeric regions recently have been shown to exhibit extraordinary evolutionary plasticity. In this paper we report an additional peculiar feature of these regions that we discovered while analyzing, by FISH, the evolutionary conservation of primate phylogenetic chromosome IX. If the position of the centromere is not taken into account, a relatively small number of rearrangements must be invoked to account for interspecific differences. Conversely, if the centromere is included, a paradox emerges: The position of the centromere seems to have undergone, in some species, an evolutionary history independent from the surrounding markers. A significant number of additional rearrangements must be proposed to reconcile the order of the markers with centromere position. Alternatively, the evolutionary emergence of neocentromeres can be postulated.  (+info)

Primary structure of the Herpesvirus ateles genome. (6/135)

Herpesvirus ateles is an agent indigenous to spider monkeys (Ateles spp.) and causes fulminant lymphomas in various New World primates. Structural and genetic relatedness led to the classification of this virus as a member of the genus Rhadinovirus. It is most closely related to Herpesvirus saimiri. The 108,409-bp light DNA segment of the herpesvirus ateles strain 73 genome has two genes for U-RNA-like transcripts and 73 open reading frames, of which at least 6 show significant homologies to cellular genes (encoding complement control proteins, apoptosis-regulatory proteins, D-type cyclins, interleukin-8 receptors, and enzymes involved in nucleotide metabolism). The left terminal region of the light DNA segment bears the putative rhadinovirus oncogene tio.  (+info)

Trypanosomes of non-human primates from the National Centre of Primates, Ananindeua, State of Para, brazil. (7/135)

Trypanosome infections were sought in 46 non-human primates captured principally in Amazonian Brazil. Twenty-two (47.8%) were infected with four Trypanosoma species: T. cruzi, T. minasense, T. devei and T. rangeli. These preliminary results confirmed the high prevalence and diversity of natural infections with trypanosomes in primates from Brazilian Amazon and were the first formal record of simian infections with trypanosomes in the State of Acre. The presence of T. cruzi-like and T. rangeli-like parasites are recorded in four new hosts.  (+info)

FISH mapping of the sex-reversal region on human chromosome 9p in two XY females and in primates. (8/135)

Accumulating evidence suggests that haploinsufficiency of a dosage-sensitive gene(s) in human chromosome 9p24.3 is responsible for the failure of testicular development and feminisation in XY patients with monosomy for 9p. We have used molecular cytogenetic methods to characterise the sex-reversing 9p deletions in two XY females. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) with YACs from the critical 9p region containing an evolutionarily conserved sex-determining gene, DMRT1, is a very fast and reliable assay for patient screening. Comparative YAC mapping on great ape and Old and New World monkey chromosomes demonstrated that the critical region was moved from an interstitial position on the ancestral primate chromosome to a very subtelomeric position in chimpanzee and humans by a pericentric inversion(s). Pathological 9p rearrangements may be the consequence of an evolutionary chromosome breakpoint in close proximity to the sex-reversal region.  (+info)

Define Brachyteles. Brachyteles synonyms, Brachyteles pronunciation, Brachyteles translation, English dictionary definition of Brachyteles. n. pl. muriqui or mur·i·quis Either of two species of large arboreal leaf-eating monkeys found only in Brazil, having a long prehensile tail and thick...
New World Monkeys (NWM) (platyrrhines) are one of the most diverse groups of primates, occupying today a wide range of ecosystems in the American tropics and exhibiting large variations in ecology, morphology, and behavior. Although the relationships among the almost 200 living species are relatively well understood, we lack robust estimates of the timing of origin, ancestral morphology, and geogr ...
New world Primates are represented by the suborder Platyrrhini. This includes the families Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins), Callimiconidae (Goeldis monkey) and Cebidae (cebids) with a total of 55 species according to Honacki et al. (285) and Hershkovitz (277). Some authors (69, 393) recognize a larger number of callitrichids. The primates are the best studied and best known group of neotropical mammals, which is why an exhaustive review of the relevant literature would exceed the purpose of this book. A number of primates are used for food or captured alive or bred for commercial purposes, but there is no outstanding key species in this respect. They will therefore be presented summarily as a group. Local names: Macaco (Brazil), mico, mono (in wide use), pichico (Peru, callitrichids), saqui (Brazil, callitrichids). Geographical distribution: The Cebidae family ranges from southern Mexico to northern Peru, along the Pacific slope and as far southeast as northern Argentina. The more ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Platyrrhini • Familia: Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Mico ...
The Cebidæ, or Platyrrhine Monkeys, which we will now consider, are not so numerous as their cousins of the Old World, only from fifty to sixty species being usually recognized, although many of these are not very perfectly distinguished. They are also confined to much narrower limits than the monkeys of the Old World, being entirely restricted to the warmer portions of the Neotropical region, and, being purely arboreal in their habits, to those parts of it which are covered by dense forests. Their northern limit is Guatemala and the adjacent districts of Southern Mexico, the most northern locality for monkeys in the New World positively ascertained being about 23° N. lat., in the State of San Louis Potosi. This, it may be observed, is in striking contrast to the northern range of the Quadrumana of the Old World, which, as has been shown, extends to 41° N. lat. To the west of the Andes of South America monkeys are only found as far south as the Gulf of Guayaquil, the arid and treeless nature ...
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Like any other adaptation, locomotor adaptations are influenced by the ancestry of the species being considered. Consequently, primate species have evolved a wide number of solutions to the the same basic problem. In the case of locomotion, this has lead to a wide and varied locomotor repertoire. In previous posts I looked at how the…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. AU - Borrell, A.. AU - Ponsà, M.. AU - Egozcue, J.. AU - Rubio, A.. AU - Garcia, M.. PY - 1998/6/5. Y1 - 1998/6/5. N2 - In this paper, we describe the results of a qualitative and quantitative study of chromosomal reorganizations observed in X-irradiated (1Gy and 2Gy) and cultured lymphocytes from Cebus apella. A total of 646 breakpoints have been detected, identified and localized in the ideogram of the species. The breakpoint distribution along chromosomes, p and q arms, and bands is not random. Chromosomes 11, 12 and chromosome arms 1p, 12p, 13p, 15p, 11q, and 12q are significantly more affected than expected, while chromosome 19 and chromosome arm 19q are less affected. Terminal regions of chromosome arms accumulate a higher number of breakpoints than the rest of the chromosome (37.82%). A high percentage (93.66%) of breakpoints is found in G negative ...
Spider monkeys are New World monkeys of the family Atelidae, subfamily Atelinae. Found in tropical forests from southern Mexico to Brazil, spider monkeys belong to the genus Ateles; the closely related woolly spider monkeys are in the genus Brachyteles.. As they require large tracts of undisturbed forest and specialize on ripe fruits, spider monkeys may be considered an indicator species. The monkeys are threatened by habitat destruction through continued growth in South American agriculture. Disproportionately long, spindly limbs inspired the spider monkeys common name. Their deftly prehensile tails have highly flexible hairless tips.. Spider monkeys have hook-like, narrow and thumbless hands; the fingers are elongate and recurved. The hair is coarse, ranging in color from a ruddy gold to brown and black; the hands and feet are usually black. Heads are small with hairless faces. An unusually long labia in females may be mistaken for a penis; it is used to attract the males. A female will ...
Black spider monkeys are habitat specialists and are almost always seen in undisturbed, primary rainforest and do not utilize edge habitats (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; Lehman 2004b). Like other species of spider monkeys, black spider monkeys occupy the upper layers of the rainforest and forage in the high canopy (from 25 to 30 m [82.0 to 98.4 ft]) consuming primarily fruits, but also occasionally consuming leaves, flowers, and insects (van Roosmalen & Klein 1988; Russo et al. 2005). As large-bodied frugivores, black spider monkeys are important seed dispersers within the rainforest ecosystem and play a crucial role in regenerating tropical forests (van Roosmalen 1985; Russo et al. 2005). Compared to other sympatric species of primates, black spider monkeys exhibit low diet diversity because of their high levels of fruit consumption (Guillotin et al. 1994). Despite their dependence on fruit as the mainstay of their diet, black spider monkeys supplement their fruit consumption during ...
Dubreuil, C. Notman, H. & Pavelka M.S. (2015) Sex Differences in the Use of Whinny Vocalizations in Spider Monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). International Journal of Primatology, 36(2), 412-428.. Hartwell, K. S., Notman, H., Bonenfant, C., & Pavelka, M. S. (2014). Assessing the occurrence of sexual segregation in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis), its mechanisms and function. International Journal of Primatology, 35(2), 425-444.. Evans, K. J., Pavelka, M. S., Hartwell, K. S., & Notman, H. (2012). Do Adult Male Spider Monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) Preferentially Handle Male Infants?. International Journal of Primatology, 33(4), 799-808. Dubreuil, Colin, . Sex Differences in the Use of Whinny Vocalizations in Spider Monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). (2014).. Newton-Fisher, N.E., Notman, H., Reynolds, V. (2002). Hunting, consumption and sharing of mammalian prey by Budongo Forest chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 73(5), 281-283.. Santorelli CJ, Schaffner CM, Campbell CJ, Notman H, Pavelka MS, et al. ...
Aguiar, L. M., Mellek, D. M., Abreu, K. C., Boscarato, T. G., Bernardi, I. P., Miranda, J. M. D. and Passos, F. C. 2007. Sympatry between Alouatta caraya and Alouatta clamitans and the rediscovery of free-ranging potential hybrids in Southern Brazil. Primates 48: 24-248.. Arditi, S. I. and Placci, L. G. 1990. Hábitat y densidad de Aotus azarae y Alouatta caraya en Riacho Pilagá, Formosa. Boletín Primatológico Latinoamericano 2: 29-47.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 1994. Padrão de utilização de uma ilha de mata por Alouatta caraya (Primates: Cebidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 54(1): 167-171.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 2003. How do howler monkeys cope with habitat fragmentation? In: L. K. Marsh (ed.), Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation, pp. 283-303. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. and Calegaro-Marques, C. 1994. Feeding behavior of the black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) in a seminatural forest. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 16: 69-84.. Brown, A. ...
Merrill T. Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum). J Am Osteopath Assoc 1972;72(2):180. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
Hershkovitz, P. 1990. Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana Zoology, 55: 1-109. Kinzey, W. 1978. Feeding behaviour and molar features in two species of titi monkey. Pp. 373-85 in D Chivers, J Herbert, eds. Recent Advances in Primatology, Vol. 1. London: Academic Press. Kinzey, W. 1981. The titi monkeys, genus Callicebus: I. description of the species. Pp. 241-76 in A Coimbra-Filho, R Mittermeier, eds. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Mendoza, S., W. Mason. 1986. Contrasting responses to intruders and to involuntary separation by monogamous and polygynous new world monkeys. Physiology and Behavior, 38: 795-801. Mendoza, S., D. Reeder, W. Mason. 2002. Nature of Proximate Mechanisms Underlying Primate Social Systems: Simplicity and Redundancy. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11: 112-116. Moynihan, M. 1966. Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. ...
Also known as the black-handed spider monkey, Geoffroys Spider Monkey originates from parts of Mexico and possibly Colombia. There are 5 subspecies of
Spider monkeys form loose groups of 15-25 individuals. During the day, spider monkey groups break up into smaller subgroups of two to eight individuals; this social structure (fission-fusion) is found in only one other primate, the chimpanzee. The size of subgroups and the degree to which they will avoid each other during the day is determined by food competition and the risk of predation. Each group is closely associated with its territory (Gordon 2007).. Also less common in primates, females-rather than males-disperse at puberty to join new groups. Males tend to stick together for their whole life. Hence, males in a group are more likely to be related and have closer bonds than females. The strongest social bonds are formed between females and young offspring. Groups are thought to be directed by a lead female, who is responsible for planning an efficient route for the days feeding activities.. Spider monkeys are diurnal and spend the night sleeping in carefully trees. Grooming is not as ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
The Spider monkey is a primate with the scientific name Ateles geoffroyi. There are nine subspecies under this name, three of which are endangered. They are found in a wide range of places, extending from Mexico to Brazil. Spider monkeys are very inter...
Spider Monkey News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Spider Monkey From The tribunedigital-sunsentinel
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The Callitrichidae (also called Arctopitheci or Hapalidae) are a family of New World monkeys, including marmosets, tamarins and lion tamarins. At times, this group of animals has been regarded as a subfamily, called Callitrichinae, of the family Cebidae. This taxon was traditionally thought to be a primitive lineage, from which all the larger-bodied platyrrhines evolved. However, some works argue that callitrichids are actually a dwarfed lineage. Ancestral stem-callitrichids likely were normal-sized ceboids that were dwarfed through evolutionary time. This may exemplify a rare example of insular dwarfing in a mainland context, with the islands being formed by biogeographic barriers during arid climatic periods when forest distribution became patchy, and/or by the extensive river networks in the Amazon Basin. All callitrichids are arboreal. They are the smallest of the simian primates. They eat insects, fruit, and the sap or gum from trees; occasionally they take small vertebrates. The ...
ID CALJA14_21_PE9 STANDARD; PRT; 205 AA. AC CALJA14_21_PE9; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE Flags: Fragments; DE (CALJA14_21.PE9). OS CALLITHRIX JACCHUS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Platyrrhini; Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS CALJA14_21.PE9. CC Callithrix jacchus chromosome 14 C_jacchus3.2.1 partial sequence CC 19146825..20146824 annotated by Ensembl CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000113259 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Callithrix_jacchus;ENSCJAG00000035456;ENSCJAT00000054281;ENSCJAP00000048149. DR HOGENOMDNA; CALJA14_21.PE9; -. KW ...
Researchers in Mexico have documented wild spider monkeys rubbing themselves with fragrant, chewed up leaves. Though the exact purpose of this behavior is yet to be proven, it appears as if the scents may play a role int he context of social communication, possibly for signaling of social status or to increase sexual attractiveness, according to an article in the online journal, Primates.. ...
The social organization of black spider monkeys is closely related to their ecological niche as large-bodied frugivores. In addition to ranging over large areas to find the amount of fruit necessary to meet their feeding requirements, black spider monkeys exhibit another behavior that helps them cope with seasonally restricted fruit. Like chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), spider monkeys exhibit a fission-fusion social system; there is a large community of individuals that regularly associate with one another but individuals within the larger community spend much of their time traveling in smaller, temporary sub-groups led by dominant adult females (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; van Roosmalen 1985). Spider monkeys break up into small foraging groups that travel together and feed throughout the day within a core area of the larger groups home range (Simmen & Sabatier 1996). The subgroups or parties that are formed by individuals within the troop are temporary and can change in composition ...
Comprehensive academic volume on the charismatic but threatened woolly monkey Analyzes four recently reclassified taxa of woolly monkeys Offers new
Saimiri has a complicated taxonomic history, and there is continuing disagreement about the number of valid taxa. Despite these controversies, one point of consensus among morphologists has been that the eastern Amazonian populations of squirrel monkeys form a single terminal taxon, Saimiri sciureus sciureus (Linnaeus, 1758). This group is distributed to both the north and south of the middle to lower Amazon River and in the Marajó Archipelago. However, a recent molecular study by Lavergne and colleagues suggested that the Saimiri sciureus complex (comprised of S. s. sciureus sensu lato, S. s. albigena, S. s. macrodon, and S. s. cassiquiarensis) was paraphyletic. The discordance between morphological and molecular studies prompted us to conduct a new multidisciplinary analysis, employing a combination of morphological, morphometric, and molecular markers. Our results suggest the currently recognized taxon S. s. sciureus contains two distinct species, recognized by the Phylogenetic Species ...
Transcalciferin (the serum transport protein for cholecalciferol and related substances) of two New World monkeys, Cebus apella and Cebus albifrons, was found to be immunologically identical with the transcalciferin of other monkeys and partially with that of man. In contrast with the α-globulin mobility of the transcalciferin of other primates, the transcalciferin of cebus monkey has the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Most of the serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol was precipitable with isolated monospecific anti-(human transcalciferin) γ-globulins but not with anti-(human albumin) γ-globulins. These results indicate that the transport of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the cebus monkey is not due to albumin itself but to transcalciferin with the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Similar variants of transcalciferin also exist in man. ...
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In both Old World and New World monkeys Mhc- DRB sequences have been found which resemble human DRB1*03 and DRB3 genes in their second exon. The resemblance is shared sequence motifs and clustering
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Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.
Callicebus cupreus ustofuscus. Synonym: Callicebus usto-fuscus (Elliot, 1907).. Distribution: The locality of the type specimen in the British Museum is not known, except that is was collected in Brazil by Castelnau. The series of the Museu Goeldi was acquired from dealers at Iquitos on the Peruvian Amazon.. Description: Like C. cupreus in external appearance as regards the distribution of colours, but with a much more intense general colouring. Face bar, black. Forehead, as a rule, forming a more or less wide band over the eyebrows, the majority of the hairs having dark tawny rings. Hairs on the top of the head, nape, shoulders, back, outer side of the thighs and upper surface of the base of the tail smoky black with tawny or yellowish rings on the apical half. Sides of the head, chest, front limbs, belly, inner side of hind limbs, outer surface of the lower legs, hands and feet rich claret brown, which recalls wine dregs. Hairs of the tail black and white, the black more or less apparent and ...
The neural basis of behavioral choice in vertebrates remains largely unknown. Zebrafish larvae have a defined locomotor repertoire as well as a simple nervous system and are therefore an attractive vertebrate system in which to study this process. Here we describe a high-throughput system for quantifying the kinematics of motor events in zebrafish larvae in order to measure the initiation frequency of different maneuvers. We use this system to analyze responses to photic stimuli and find that larvae respond to changes in illumination with both acute responses and extended behavioral programs. Reductions in illumination elicit large angle turns, distinct from startle responses, which orient larvae toward the source of light. In continuing darkness, larvae are transiently hyperactive before adopting a quiescent state. Indeed, locomotor activity is controlled by the state of light or dark adaptation similar to masking phenomena in higher vertebrates where light directly regulates motor activity. We ...
A man in Topeka, Kansas decided to write a book about churches around the country. He started by flying to San Francisco and worked east from there. Going to a very large church, he began taking photographs and notes.
Negra lived as a pet from a very young age with a family in Ascensión de Guarayos. She remained tied to a tree by a chain, surrounded by a group of pigs. The staff of Parque Ambue Ari used to see Negra every week when they went to buy fruits and vegetables for the animals at the sanctuary. They tried to explain to Negras captors that it is illegal to keep monkeys as pets and that they should release her to CIWYs care. The family refused, until one day Negra freed herself, entered the neighbors house and caused great damage. After this, the family allowed CIWY to take Negra.. Negra initially came to Ambue Ari, but was transferred to Machía so that she could integrate into the group of spider monkeys there. Spider monkeys are very social animals and fortunately Negra was immediately accepted by the group.. Despite being over 20 years old, Negra is a very active monkey. Everything arouses her curiosity and she enjoys exploring the area for new stimuli. Her intelligence never ceases to amaze ...
I ended 2012 by finishing and defending my PhD, and now I am onto developing some potential chimpanzee and bonobo projects. So, the Year of Chimpanzee works well with my current interests. But dont worry, I wont be neglecting the spider monkeys... there are always more spider monkey tales to tell ...
These products are second choice and show minor damages. Due to the fact that there is a discount, these products are not covered under any warranty.
Ruiz-García, M.; Pinedo-Castro, M.; Shostell, J.M. 2014: How many genera and species of woolly monkeys (Atelidae, Platyrrhine, Primates) are there? The first molecular analysis of Lagothrix flavicauda, an endemic Peruvian primate species. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 79: 179-198. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.034 reference page ...
Abstract Using the Trager-Jensen method, a second malaria species. Plasmodium fragile, a simian counterpart to the human malaria P. falciparum, has been cultivated successfully. The average growth rate every 3-4 days was 5-fold and the average number of merozoites observed was 14. To date, only rhesus monkey red blood cells (RBC) would support the long-term cultivation of this parasite. Short-term observations indicate that RBC from the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) may support growth but human RBC of each of the four major AB-O types failed to support growth of the parasite. Availability of the P. fragile-rhesus monkey model would allow for a second parasite-host system for the in vitro and in vivo study of the immunologic responses of the falciparum-like parasite in a more natural host.
I agree, as it happens, with the Daily Howler, the phone call had no place in this story. And Ill say the uncomfortable: the entire coverage of the story certainly smells like pandering to Medias Black and guilty liberal readership.This has gotten The Times into trouble before. I would suspect Fox News and the like to be doing the same thing on the other end, but I admit not to not really knowing. No one has been worse in this area, we might note, then Bill Maher, who may have actually gone BEYOND MSNBC, and it has earned him 30 lashes with a wet noodle from the Daily Howler.. Delete ...
As many have noted, the Ozark Howler has an appearance so outlandish as to make the literal reality of its existence as an earthbound creature too implausible to ignore. Large land animals on Earth do not have glowing eyes. Carnivores do not have horns. Furthermore, the difficulty of obtaining reliable eyewitness reports about the Ozark…
JAN128077 (W) Ed Piskor (A/CA) Ed Piskor They say What you see is what you get! but Kevin Boingthump Phenicle could always see more than most people. In the world of phone phreaks, hackers, and scammers, hes a legend. Could he really get free long-distance calls by whistling into a pay phone? Did his video-game piracy scheme accidentally trigger the first computer virus? And did he really dodge the FBI by using their own wiretapping software against them? Inspired by the incredible stories of real-life hackers, Wizzywig is the thrilling tale of a master manipulator. In Shops: Jul 04, 2012 SRP: $19.95
titi: Callicebus any of about 20 species of small arboreal monkeys that have long furred tails and are found in South American rainforests, especially along the Amazon and other rivers....
Malalas principles, like Gandhis include not hating your enemies because they are the other, and to refrain from wishing ill on them because you don t like them, even if you don t like them because theyve hurt you. Even this much is impossible for most people, which is why we revere those who can do it. So even if TDH isnt one of those, so what? But TDH reserves his criticism of Maddow not for who she is, but because of what she does. I dont recall TDH questioning Maddows motives, i.e., why she acts the way she does. He contemns what she does ...
How do you explain the discovery of the new world by Europeans? Was it an accident, good luck, or the result of a more complex set of.
Knowledge-Centric Paradigm: A New World of IT Solutions Harvard Transition 2011 Symposium: Clarifying Goals, Mobilizing Support, Taking Action January 11-13, 2…
trapmaker orthodoxally thone shadowy earsplitting overreadily inwedged unsuperseded aerophobia unbolled remain wonned ammonitic attractive Falcinellus [email protected] ...
Выберите интересующий Вас раздел: 0-9 B C D E F G H I L M O R S T V W А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я TOP 20... [Read More] Tracked on Aug 15, 2006 10:14:28 PM. ...
Business execs are playing a bigger role in buying technologies to help their firms win, serve, and retain customers. CIOs still play a major role, but they operate in a new world of shifting.... ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: II - aspectos evolutivos da infecção no primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) pela Leishmania (V.) ... Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: I - Sobre a susceptibilidade do primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) à infecção pela Leishmania ( ...
The Cebidae are one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. Extant members are the capuchin and squirrel ... Family Cebidae Subfamily Cebinae (all capuchin monkeys) Genus Cebus (gracile capuchin monkeys) Kaapori capuchin (C. kaapori) ... For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while ... moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. The most recent classification of New ...
Cebidae) from México. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.1, pp.293-299. ISSN 2007-8706. ...
Cebidae, Primates). *Manuel Ruíz-García, Pablo Escobar-Armel, Norberto Leguizamón, Paola Manzur, Myreya Omayra Pinedo-Castro, ... Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of all the Saimiri taxa (Cebidae, Primates) inferred from mt COI and COII gene ... Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of the white-fronted capuchin (Cebus albifrons; Cebidae, Primates) by means of ... Cebidae, Primates) by means of mtCOII gene sequences.}, author={Manuel Ru{\i}z-Garc{\i}a and Mar{\i}a Ignacia Castillo and ...
Cebidae; Eocene epoch; Miocene epoch; altitude; ancestry; ecosystems; extinction; fossils; geographical distribution; global ... Cebidae Remove constraint Subject: Cebidae Start Over ...
The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates). Journal of ... The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates). / Hogg, Russell ... title = "The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates)", ... T1 - The functional morphology of the anterior masticatory apparatus in tree-gouging marmosets (cebidae, primates) ...
Cebidae (Marmoset/tamarin/capuchin/squirrel monkey kind). This family is comprised of six genera and 56 species. At one time ... Though this genus had traditionally been placed in Cebidae, in 1989 it was suggested they should have a full family status ( ...
Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, IV: Cebidae, Part A. A Monograph. HILL, W.C.O. ... Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy: V Cebidae Part B Hill, W. C. Osman ... Primates, Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, 5, Cebidae - Part B. Hill, W. C. Osman ... The Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy of the Primates Volume 5: Cebidae Hill, Osman ...
Cebidae. Subfamily:. Saimiriinae. Miller, 1912 (1900). Genus:. Saimiri. Voigt, 1831. Type species. ...
Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae, and Atelidae. The five families are ranked together as the Ceboidea, the only extant superfamily ...
Publisher Correction: Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) *Mirela ... Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) *Mirela Pelizaro Valeri ... Rights & permissionsfor article Characterization of Satellite DNAs in Squirrel Monkeys genus ,i,Saimiri,/i, (Cebidae, ... Cebidae, Platyrrhini) . Opens in a new window. ...
Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Saguinus • Species: Saguinus geoffroyi (Pucheran, 1845) ...
Cebidae • Subfamilia: Cebinae • Genus: Cebus • Species: Cebus libidinosus Spix, 1823 ...
Przedstawiciele różnych rodzin naczelnych, od góry do dołu: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, ...
Khỉ sóc chân trắng,[3] danh pháp hai phần là Saguinus leucopus, là một loài động vật có vú trong họ Cebidae, bộ Linh trưởng. ... Khỉ sóc chân trắng, danh pháp hai phần là Saguinus leucopus, là một loài động vật có vú trong họ Cebidae, bộ Linh trưởng. Loài ... Primateen barruko Callitrichinae azpifamilia eta Cebidae familian sailkatuta dago Erreferentziak. * ↑ (Ingelesez)Mammals - full ... Saguinus leucopus é uma espécie de primata da família Cebidae e subfamília Callitrichinae. É endêmico da Colômbia e considerado ...
Cebidae. Lagothrix flavicauda CoP4 Prop. 1. Peru. Transfer from Appendix II to Appendix I. ...
Some notes on the taxonomy and distributions of the tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus, Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana 6: 97- ... Sistemática dos macacos -prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). Livro de Resumos, X Congresso ... Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). Doctoral Thesis, Universidade ...
g Callitrichidae, Cebidae. Cercopithecidae, and Papio. Baboons might require more height than other monkeys. ...
Family Cebidae: marmosets, tamarins, capuchins and squirrel monkeys. Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis). ... Cebidae (marmosets, capuchins, squirrel monkeys, tamarins), Aotidae (night or owl monkeys), Pitheciidae (titis, sakis, uakaris ... comprising the genus Saimiri of the family Cebidae, grow to 25 to 35 centimeters (9.8 to 13.8 inches) long, plus a 35 to 42 ... comprising the genus Cebus of the family Cebidae, reach a length of 30 to 56 centimeters (12-22 inches), with tails that are ...
Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated ...
Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated ...
Cebidae • Cebus • Cercopithecidae • Cholesterol • Climate • Colostrum • Competitive Behavior • Costa Rica • Cuspid • Dental ...
Cebidae. [Callitrichidae]. *Parapithecus. (basal anthropoid). *Apidium. (basal anthropoid). New World Monkey. Catarrhini. 129- ...
Cebidae. Robust capuchin monkeys. Cebidae. Gracile capuchin monkeys. Cebidae. Squirrel monkeys. Callitrichidae. Silvery ...
As the mechanisms for replicating the two strands of duplex DNA differ it is, in principle, possible for the mutation rates to differ depending on which strand is being copied. In the absence of selection this would lead to a difference in the measured rate of a particular base substitution, such as …
Family Cebidae (capuchin and squirrel monkeys). 10 or more species in 2 genera.. *. Cebus (capuchin monkeys). 5 to 8 species.. ... Sometimes included in the family Cebidae as a subfamily.. *. Saguinus (tamarins). 12 or more species.. ... Formerly, only two families were recognized within the group: Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins) and Cebidae (all others, ... Callitrichidae and Aotidae are sometimes lumped into the Cebidae.. *. Family Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins). 27 or ...
Cebidae, kapusineraper og ekkornaper. *Aotidae, nattaper. *Pitheciidae, tititer, sakier, og uakarier. *Atelidae, brølaper, ...
Foi investigada a susceptibilidade do primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) à infecçäo experimentada pela Leishmania (Viannia) ... Leishmaniose cutanea experimental: I-sobre a susceptibilidade do primata cebus apella (Cebidae) a infecçäo pela Leishmania ( ... Cebidae) to the infection caused by Leishmania (Viannia) Lainsoni Silveira, Shaw, Braga and Ishikawa, 1987 ...
Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Cebidae Medicine & Life Sciences ... Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. / ... T1 - Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation ... Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation. ...
  • Cebidae, Primates) by means of mtCOII gene sequences. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Food habits of white-faced capuchins Cebus capucinus L. (Primates : Cebidae) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica. (brill.com)
  • Capuchin monkeys, comprising the genus Cebus of the family Cebidae, reach a length of 30 to 56 centimeters (12-22 inches), with tails that are just as long as the body, and weigh up to 1.3 kilograms (2 pounds, 13 ounces). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Foi investigada a susceptibilidade do primata Cebus apella ( Cebidae ) à infecçäo experimentada pela Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni, com o objetivo de estudar a patogenia desse parasita , ainda pouco conhecido para o homem. (bvsalud.org)
  • Garcia, M. / Chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes from Cebus apella (Cebidae, Platyrrhini) after X-ray irradiation . (uab.cat)
  • Cebidae Cebus spp. (j-monkey.jp)
  • The name black-capped capuchin has been applied to both C. apella and C. nigrivittatus .The genus Cebus belongs to the family Cebidae. (britannica.com)
  • For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Squirrel monkeys, comprising the genus Saimiri of the family Cebidae, grow to 25 to 35 centimeters (9.8 to 13.8 inches) long, plus a 35 to 42 centimeter (13.8 to 15.5 inches) tail, and weigh 750 to 1100 grams (1.7 to 2.4 pounds). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Cebidae are one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. (wikipedia.org)
  • members of the families Cebidae (New World monkeys) and Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The New World monkeys of Central and South America belong to the family Cebidae and to the family Callitrichidae (the marmosets and tamarins ). (jrank.org)
  • The Cebidae, or capuchin-like monkeys, are distinguished from the marmosets and tamarins by their possession of nails instead of claws on most fingers and toes, and three molars instead of two on either side of each jaw. (jrank.org)
  • Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV Cebidae, Part A. Edinburgh: The Edinburgh University Press. (eskeletons.org)
  • The Cebidae family ranges from southern Mexico to northern Peru, along the Pacific slope and as far southeast as northern Argentina. (fao.org)

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