Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Cebus: A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)BooksIllinoisCatfishes: Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.ChicagoWord Processing: Text editing and storage functions using computer software.Book SelectionAsclepias: A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. This is the true milkweed; APOCYNUM & EUPHORBIA hirta are rarely called milkweed. Asclepias asthmatica has been changed to TYLOPHORA.Saimiri: A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)Costa RicaAotidae: A family of the New World monkeys inhabiting the forests of South and Central America. There is a single genus and several species occurring in this family, including AOTUS TRIVIRGATUS (Northern night monkeys).Pregnanes: Saturated derivatives of the steroid pregnane. The 5-beta series includes PROGESTERONE and related hormones; the 5-alpha series includes forms generally excreted in the urine.Apocynaceae: The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.Brachiaria: A plant genus of the family POACEAE originating from the savanna of eastern Africa. It is widely grown for livestock forage.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Dictionaries, ChemicalAphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)PrimatesMacaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Crows: Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).Rhizoctonia: A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.Solanaceae: A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Host Specificity: The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.Genetic Processes: Those biological processes that are involved in the transmission of hereditary traits from one organism to another.North CarolinaSaguinus: A genus in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE consisting of 12 species and found in Panama as well as South America. Species seen most frequently in the literature are S. oedipus (cotton-top marmoset), S. nigricollis, and S. fusicollis.ColombiaPeromyscus: A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Callitrichinae: A subfamily in the family CEBIDAE that consists of four genera: CALLITHRIX (marmosets), CALLIMICO (Goeldi's monkey), LEONTOPITHECUS (lion tamarins), and SAGUINUS (long-tusked tamarins). The members of this family inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)BiographyBooks, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)EncyclopediasHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Observation: The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.Dissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.

The evolution of trichromatic color vision by opsin gene duplication in New World and Old World primates. (1/135)

Trichromacy in all Old World primates is dependent on separate X-linked MW and LW opsin genes that are organized into a head-to-tail tandem array flanked on the upstream side by a locus control region (LCR). The 5' regions of these two genes show homology for only the first 236 bp, although within this region, the differences are conserved in humans, chimpanzees, and two species of cercopithecoid monkeys. In contrast, most New World primates have only a single polymorphic X-linked opsin gene; all males are dichromats and trichromacy is achieved only in those females that possess a different form of this gene on each X chromosome. By sequencing the upstream region of this gene in a New World monkey, the marmoset, we have been able to demonstrate the presence of an LCR in an equivalent position to that in Old World primates. Moreover, the marmoset sequence shows extensive homology from the coding region to the LCR with the upstream sequence of the human LW gene, a distance of >3 kb, whereas homology with the human MW gene is again limited to the first 236 bp, indicating that the divergent MW sequence identifies the site of insertion of the duplicated gene. This is further supported by the presence of an incomplete Alu element on the upstream side of this insertion point in the MW gene of both humans and a cercopithecoid monkey, with additional Alu elements present further upstream. Therefore, these Alu elements may have been involved in the initial gene duplication and may also be responsible for the high frequency of gene loss and gene duplication within the opsin gene array. Full trichromacy is present in one species of New World monkey, the howler monkey, in which separate MW and LW genes are again present. In contrast to the separate genes in humans, however, the upstream sequences of the two howler genes show homology with the marmoset for at least 600 bp, which is well beyond the point of divergence of the human MW and LW genes, and each sequence is associated with a different LCR, indicating that the duplication in the howler monkey involved the entire upstream region. [The sequence data described in this paper have been submitted to GenBank under accession nos. AF155218, AF156715, and AF156716.]  (+info)

Molecular evolution of the CMT1A-REP region: a human- and chimpanzee-specific repeat. (2/135)

The CMT1A-REP repeat consists of two copies of a 24-kb sequence on human chromosome 17p11.2-12 that flank a 1.5-Mb region containing a dosage-sensitive gene, peripheral nerve protein-22 (PMP22). Unequal meiotic crossover mediated by misalignment of proximal and distal copies of the CMT1A-REP in humans leads to a 1.5-Mb duplication or deletion associated with two common peripheral nerve diseases, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). Previous molecular hybridization studies with CMT1A-REP sequences suggested that two copies of the repeat are also found in the chimpanzee, raising the possibility that this unique repeat arose during primate evolution. To further characterize the structure and evolutionary synthesis of the CMT1A-REP repeat, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis and heterologous PCR-based assays were carried out for a series of primates. Genomic DNA was analyzed with primers selected to differentially amplify the centromeric and telomeric ends of the human proximal and distal CMT1A-REP elements and an associated mariner (MLE) sequence. All primate species examined (common chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, baboon, rhesus monkey, green monkey, owl monkey, and galago) tested positive for a copy of the distal element. In addition to humans, only the chimpanzee was found to have a copy of the proximal CMT1A-REP element. All but one primate species (galago) tested positive for the MLE located within the CMT1A-REP sequence. These observations confirm the hypothesis that the distal CMT1A-REP element is the ancestral sequence which was duplicated during primate evolution, provide support for a human-chimpanzee clade, and suggest that insertion of the MLE into the CMT1A-REP sequence occurred in the ancestor of anthropoid primates.  (+info)

Gene assignment in the spider monkey (Ateles paniscus chamek--APC): APE-MYH7 to 2q; AR-GLA-F8C to the X chromosome. (3/135)

Comparative gene assignment between the spider monkey species Ateles paniscus chamek (APC) and man (HSA) showed conserved syntenic associations despite extensive karyotypic rearrangement between species. Two HSA 14q genes were allocated to APC 2q, being syntenic to other HSA 14q and HSA 15q markers previously assigned to APC 2q, and to HSA 12q genes previously assigned to APC 2p. These findings were consistent with A. geoffroyi chromosome painting with human whole-chromosome probes, indicating that the genus Ateles is karyotypically very rearranged. On the other hand, three human X-linked markers were assigned to the Ateles X chromosome, indicating that this chromosome is evolutionary stable.  (+info)

New world, but not Old World, monkeys carry several genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein. (4/135)

It was shown by Southern hybridization that cotton-top tamarin and common marmoset, New World monkeys, carry three or more genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein, also known as PSP94. In contrast, the genomes of Old World monkeys, as represented by rhesus macaque and sacred baboon, contain a single gene. Clones containing three different genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein were isolated from a cotton-top tamarin genomic library. They carry two complete genes of four exons and a third gene lacking the first exon. The structure suggests that the three genes are functionally active and give rise to transcripts that are approximately 86% similar in sequence. By sequencing one gene in full, it was shown that the introns carry an excess of interspersed repeats, on average 29% of the introns consist of Alu repeats. A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the genes probably arose in New World monkeys after the separation from Old World primates.  (+info)

Centromere repositioning. (5/135)

Primate pericentromeric regions recently have been shown to exhibit extraordinary evolutionary plasticity. In this paper we report an additional peculiar feature of these regions that we discovered while analyzing, by FISH, the evolutionary conservation of primate phylogenetic chromosome IX. If the position of the centromere is not taken into account, a relatively small number of rearrangements must be invoked to account for interspecific differences. Conversely, if the centromere is included, a paradox emerges: The position of the centromere seems to have undergone, in some species, an evolutionary history independent from the surrounding markers. A significant number of additional rearrangements must be proposed to reconcile the order of the markers with centromere position. Alternatively, the evolutionary emergence of neocentromeres can be postulated.  (+info)

Primary structure of the Herpesvirus ateles genome. (6/135)

Herpesvirus ateles is an agent indigenous to spider monkeys (Ateles spp.) and causes fulminant lymphomas in various New World primates. Structural and genetic relatedness led to the classification of this virus as a member of the genus Rhadinovirus. It is most closely related to Herpesvirus saimiri. The 108,409-bp light DNA segment of the herpesvirus ateles strain 73 genome has two genes for U-RNA-like transcripts and 73 open reading frames, of which at least 6 show significant homologies to cellular genes (encoding complement control proteins, apoptosis-regulatory proteins, D-type cyclins, interleukin-8 receptors, and enzymes involved in nucleotide metabolism). The left terminal region of the light DNA segment bears the putative rhadinovirus oncogene tio.  (+info)

Trypanosomes of non-human primates from the National Centre of Primates, Ananindeua, State of Para, brazil. (7/135)

Trypanosome infections were sought in 46 non-human primates captured principally in Amazonian Brazil. Twenty-two (47.8%) were infected with four Trypanosoma species: T. cruzi, T. minasense, T. devei and T. rangeli. These preliminary results confirmed the high prevalence and diversity of natural infections with trypanosomes in primates from Brazilian Amazon and were the first formal record of simian infections with trypanosomes in the State of Acre. The presence of T. cruzi-like and T. rangeli-like parasites are recorded in four new hosts.  (+info)

FISH mapping of the sex-reversal region on human chromosome 9p in two XY females and in primates. (8/135)

Accumulating evidence suggests that haploinsufficiency of a dosage-sensitive gene(s) in human chromosome 9p24.3 is responsible for the failure of testicular development and feminisation in XY patients with monosomy for 9p. We have used molecular cytogenetic methods to characterise the sex-reversing 9p deletions in two XY females. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) with YACs from the critical 9p region containing an evolutionarily conserved sex-determining gene, DMRT1, is a very fast and reliable assay for patient screening. Comparative YAC mapping on great ape and Old and New World monkey chromosomes demonstrated that the critical region was moved from an interstitial position on the ancestral primate chromosome to a very subtelomeric position in chimpanzee and humans by a pericentric inversion(s). Pathological 9p rearrangements may be the consequence of an evolutionary chromosome breakpoint in close proximity to the sex-reversal region.  (+info)

New world Primates are represented by the suborder Platyrrhini. This includes the families Callitrichidae (marmosets and tamarins), Callimiconidae (Goeldis monkey) and Cebidae (cebids) with a total of 55 species according to Honacki et al. (285) and Hershkovitz (277). Some authors (69, 393) recognize a larger number of callitrichids. The primates are the best studied and best known group of neotropical mammals, which is why an exhaustive review of the relevant literature would exceed the purpose of this book. A number of primates are used for food or captured alive or bred for commercial purposes, but there is no outstanding key species in this respect. They will therefore be presented summarily as a group. Local names: Macaco (Brazil), mico, mono (in wide use), pichico (Peru, callitrichids), saqui (Brazil, callitrichids). Geographical distribution: The Cebidae family ranges from southern Mexico to northern Peru, along the Pacific slope and as far southeast as northern Argentina. The more ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Platyrrhini • Familia: Cebidae • Subfamilia: Callitrichinae • Genus: Mico ...
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Like any other adaptation, locomotor adaptations are influenced by the ancestry of the species being considered. Consequently, primate species have evolved a wide number of solutions to the the same basic problem. In the case of locomotion, this has lead to a wide and varied locomotor repertoire. In previous posts I looked at how the…
... s are New World monkeys of the family Atelidae, subfamily Atelinae. Found in tropical forests from southern Mexico to Brazil, spider monkeys belong to the genus Ateles; the closely related woolly spider monkeys are in the genus Brachyteles.. As they require large tracts of undisturbed forest and specialize on ripe fruits, spider monkeys may be considered an indicator species. The monkeys are threatened by habitat destruction through continued growth in South American agriculture. Disproportionately long, spindly limbs inspired the spider monkeys common name. Their deftly prehensile tails have highly flexible hairless tips.. Spider monkeys have hook-like, narrow and thumbless hands; the fingers are elongate and recurved. The hair is coarse, ranging in color from a ruddy gold to brown and black; the hands and feet are usually black. Heads are small with hairless faces. An unusually long labia in females may be mistaken for a penis; it is used to attract the males. A female will ...
Black spider monkeys are habitat specialists and are almost always seen in undisturbed, primary rainforest and do not utilize edge habitats (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; Lehman 2004b). Like other species of spider monkeys, black spider monkeys occupy the upper layers of the rainforest and forage in the high canopy (from 25 to 30 m [82.0 to 98.4 ft]) consuming primarily fruits, but also occasionally consuming leaves, flowers, and insects (van Roosmalen & Klein 1988; Russo et al. 2005). As large-bodied frugivores, black spider monkeys are important seed dispersers within the rainforest ecosystem and play a crucial role in regenerating tropical forests (van Roosmalen 1985; Russo et al. 2005). Compared to other sympatric species of primates, black spider monkeys exhibit low diet diversity because of their high levels of fruit consumption (Guillotin et al. 1994). Despite their dependence on fruit as the mainstay of their diet, black spider monkeys supplement their fruit consumption during ...
Aguiar, L. M., Mellek, D. M., Abreu, K. C., Boscarato, T. G., Bernardi, I. P., Miranda, J. M. D. and Passos, F. C. 2007. Sympatry between Alouatta caraya and Alouatta clamitans and the rediscovery of free-ranging potential hybrids in Southern Brazil. Primates 48: 24-248.. Arditi, S. I. and Placci, L. G. 1990. Hábitat y densidad de Aotus azarae y Alouatta caraya en Riacho Pilagá, Formosa. Boletín Primatológico Latinoamericano 2: 29-47.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 1994. Padrão de utilização de uma ilha de mata por Alouatta caraya (Primates: Cebidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 54(1): 167-171.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. 2003. How do howler monkeys cope with habitat fragmentation? In: L. K. Marsh (ed.), Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation, pp. 283-303. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.. Bicca-Marques, J. C. and Calegaro-Marques, C. 1994. Feeding behavior of the black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) in a seminatural forest. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 16: 69-84.. Brown, A. ...
Merrill T. Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum). J Am Osteopath Assoc 1972;72(2):180. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
Hershkovitz, P. 1990. Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana Zoology, 55: 1-109. Kinzey, W. 1978. Feeding behaviour and molar features in two species of titi monkey. Pp. 373-85 in D Chivers, J Herbert, eds. Recent Advances in Primatology, Vol. 1. London: Academic Press. Kinzey, W. 1981. The titi monkeys, genus Callicebus: I. description of the species. Pp. 241-76 in A Coimbra-Filho, R Mittermeier, eds. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Mendoza, S., W. Mason. 1986. Contrasting responses to intruders and to involuntary separation by monogamous and polygynous new world monkeys. Physiology and Behavior, 38: 795-801. Mendoza, S., D. Reeder, W. Mason. 2002. Nature of Proximate Mechanisms Underlying Primate Social Systems: Simplicity and Redundancy. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11: 112-116. Moynihan, M. 1966. Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. ...
Also known as the black-handed spider monkey, Geoffroys Spider Monkey originates from parts of Mexico and possibly Colombia. There are 5 subspecies of
Spider monkeys form loose groups of 15-25 individuals. During the day, spider monkey groups break up into smaller subgroups of two to eight individuals; this social structure (fission-fusion) is found in only one other primate, the chimpanzee. The size of subgroups and the degree to which they will avoid each other during the day is determined by food competition and the risk of predation. Each group is closely associated with its territory (Gordon 2007).. Also less common in primates, females-rather than males-disperse at puberty to join new groups. Males tend to stick together for their whole life. Hence, males in a group are more likely to be related and have closer bonds than females. The strongest social bonds are formed between females and young offspring. Groups are thought to be directed by a lead female, who is responsible for planning an efficient route for the days feeding activities.. Spider monkeys are diurnal and spend the night sleeping in carefully trees. Grooming is not as ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
The Spider monkey is a primate with the scientific name Ateles geoffroyi. There are nine subspecies under this name, three of which are endangered. They are found in a wide range of places, extending from Mexico to Brazil. Spider monkeys are very inter...
Spider Monkey News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Spider Monkey From The tribunedigital-sunsentinel
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The Callitrichidae (also called Arctopitheci or Hapalidae) are a family of New World monkeys, including marmosets, tamarins and lion tamarins. At times, this group of animals has been regarded as a subfamily, called Callitrichinae, of the family Cebidae. This taxon was traditionally thought to be a primitive lineage, from which all the larger-bodied platyrrhines evolved. However, some works argue that callitrichids are actually a dwarfed lineage. Ancestral stem-callitrichids likely were "normal-sized" ceboids that were dwarfed through evolutionary time. This may exemplify a rare example of insular dwarfing in a mainland context, with the "islands" being formed by biogeographic barriers during arid climatic periods when forest distribution became patchy, and/or by the extensive river networks in the Amazon Basin. All callitrichids are arboreal. They are the smallest of the simian primates. They eat insects, fruit, and the sap or gum from trees; occasionally they take small vertebrates. The ...
ID CALJA14_21_PE9 STANDARD; PRT; 205 AA. AC CALJA14_21_PE9; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE Flags: Fragments; DE (CALJA14_21.PE9). OS CALLITHRIX JACCHUS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Platyrrhini; Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS CALJA14_21.PE9. CC Callithrix jacchus chromosome 14 C_jacchus3.2.1 partial sequence CC 19146825..20146824 annotated by Ensembl CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000113259 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Callithrix_jacchus;ENSCJAG00000035456;ENSCJAT00000054281;ENSCJAP00000048149. DR HOGENOMDNA; CALJA14_21.PE9; -. KW ...
Researchers in Mexico have documented wild spider monkeys rubbing themselves with fragrant, chewed up leaves. Though the exact purpose of this behavior is yet to be proven, it appears as if the scents "may play a role int he context of social communication, possibly for signaling of social status or to increase sexual attractiveness," according to an article in the online journal, Primates.. ...
The social organization of black spider monkeys is closely related to their ecological niche as large-bodied frugivores. In addition to ranging over large areas to find the amount of fruit necessary to meet their feeding requirements, black spider monkeys exhibit another behavior that helps them cope with seasonally restricted fruit. Like chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), spider monkeys exhibit a fission-fusion social system; there is a large community of individuals that regularly associate with one another but individuals within the larger community spend much of their time traveling in smaller, temporary sub-groups led by dominant adult females (Mittermeier & van Roosmalen 1981; van Roosmalen 1985). Spider monkeys break up into small foraging groups that travel together and feed throughout the day within a core area of the larger groups home range (Simmen & Sabatier 1996). The subgroups or parties that are formed by individuals within the troop are temporary and can change in composition ...
Comprehensive academic volume on the charismatic but threatened woolly monkey Analyzes four recently reclassified taxa of woolly monkeys Offers new
Transcalciferin" (the serum transport protein for cholecalciferol and related substances) of two New World monkeys, Cebus apella and Cebus albifrons, was found to be immunologically identical with the transcalciferin of other monkeys and partially with that of man. In contrast with the α-globulin mobility of the transcalciferin of other primates, the transcalciferin of cebus monkey has the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Most of the serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol was precipitable with isolated monospecific anti-(human transcalciferin) γ-globulins but not with anti-(human albumin) γ-globulins. These results indicate that the transport of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the cebus monkey is not due to albumin itself but to transcalciferin with the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Similar variants of transcalciferin also exist in man. ...
Vol 9: When Top-Down Becomes Bottom Up: Behaviour of Hyperdense Howler Monkeys Alouatta seniculus Trapped on a 0.6 Ha Island.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
In both Old World and New World monkeys Mhc- DRB sequences have been found which resemble human DRB1*03 and DRB3 genes in their second exon. The resemblance is shared sequence motifs and clustering
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Callicebus cupreus ustofuscus. Synonym: Callicebus usto-fuscus (Elliot, 1907).. Distribution: The locality of the type specimen in the British Museum is not known, except that is was collected in Brazil by Castelnau. The series of the Museu Goeldi was acquired from dealers at Iquitos on the Peruvian Amazon.. Description: Like C. cupreus in external appearance as regards the distribution of colours, but with a much more intense general colouring. Face bar, black. Forehead, as a rule, forming a more or less wide band over the eyebrows, the majority of the hairs having dark tawny rings. Hairs on the top of the head, nape, shoulders, back, outer side of the thighs and upper surface of the base of the tail smoky black with tawny or yellowish rings on the apical half. Sides of the head, chest, front limbs, belly, inner side of hind limbs, outer surface of the lower legs, hands and feet rich claret brown, which recalls wine dregs. Hairs of the tail black and white, the black more or less apparent and ...
The neural basis of behavioral choice in vertebrates remains largely unknown. Zebrafish larvae have a defined locomotor repertoire as well as a simple nervous system and are therefore an attractive vertebrate system in which to study this process. Here we describe a high-throughput system for quantifying the kinematics of motor events in zebrafish larvae in order to measure the initiation frequency of different maneuvers. We use this system to analyze responses to photic stimuli and find that larvae respond to changes in illumination with both acute responses and extended behavioral programs. Reductions in illumination elicit large angle turns, distinct from startle responses, which orient larvae toward the source of light. In continuing darkness, larvae are transiently hyperactive before adopting a quiescent state. Indeed, locomotor activity is controlled by the state of light or dark adaptation similar to masking phenomena in higher vertebrates where light directly regulates motor activity. We ...
A man in Topeka, Kansas decided to write a book about churches around the country. He started by flying to San Francisco and worked east from there. Going to a very large church, he began taking photographs and notes.
Negra lived as a pet from a very young age with a family in Ascensión de Guarayos. She remained tied to a tree by a chain, surrounded by a group of pigs. The staff of Parque Ambue Ari used to see Negra every week when they went to buy fruits and vegetables for the animals at the sanctuary. They tried to explain to Negras captors that it is illegal to keep monkeys as pets and that they should release her to CIWYs care. The family refused, until one day Negra freed herself, entered the neighbors house and caused great damage. After this, the family allowed CIWY to take Negra.. Negra initially came to Ambue Ari, but was transferred to Machía so that she could integrate into the group of spider monkeys there. Spider monkeys are very social animals and fortunately Negra was immediately accepted by the group.. Despite being over 20 years old, Negra is a very active monkey. Everything arouses her curiosity and she enjoys exploring the area for new stimuli. Her intelligence never ceases to amaze ...
I ended 2012 by finishing and defending my PhD, and now I am onto developing some potential chimpanzee and bonobo projects. So, the Year of Chimpanzee works well with my current interests. But dont worry, I wont be neglecting the spider monkeys... there are always more spider monkey tales to tell ...
Ruiz-García, M.; Pinedo-Castro, M.; Shostell, J.M. 2014: How many genera and species of woolly monkeys (Atelidae, Platyrrhine, Primates) are there? The first molecular analysis of Lagothrix flavicauda, an endemic Peruvian primate species. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 79: 179-198. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.034 reference page ...
Abstract Using the Trager-Jensen method, a second malaria species. Plasmodium fragile, a simian counterpart to the human malaria P. falciparum, has been cultivated successfully. The average growth rate every 3-4 days was 5-fold and the average number of merozoites observed was 14. To date, only rhesus monkey red blood cells (RBC) would support the long-term cultivation of this parasite. Short-term observations indicate that RBC from the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) may support growth but human RBC of each of the four major AB-O types failed to support growth of the parasite. Availability of the P. fragile-rhesus monkey model would allow for a second parasite-host system for the in vitro and in vivo study of the immunologic responses of the falciparum-like parasite in a more natural host.
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titi: Callicebus any of about 20 species of small arboreal monkeys that have long furred tails and are found in South American rainforests, especially along the Amazon and other rivers....
How do you explain the discovery of the new world by Europeans? Was it an accident, good luck, or the result of a more complex set of.
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Выберите интересующий Вас раздел: 0-9 B C D E F G H I L M O R S T V W А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я TOP 20... [Read More] Tracked on Aug 15, 2006 10:14:28 PM. ...
Business execs are playing a bigger role in buying technologies to help their firms win, serve, and retain customers. CIOs still play a major role, but they operate in a new world of shifting.... ...
New World monkeys are small to mid-sized primates, ranging from the pygmy marmoset (the worlds smallest monkey), at 14 to 16 cm (5.5 to 6.5 in) and a weight of 120 to 190 g (4.2 to 6.7 oz), to the southern muriqui, at 55 to 70 cm (22 to 28 in) and a weight of 12 to 15 kg (26 to 33 lb). New World monkeys differ slightly from Old World monkeys in several aspects. The most prominent phenotypic distinction is the nose, which is the feature used most commonly to distinguish between the two groups. The clade for the New World monkeys, Platyrrhini, means "flat nosed". The noses of New World monkeys are flatter than the narrow noses of the Old World monkeys, and have side-facing nostrils. New World monkeys are the only monkeys with prehensile tails-in comparison with the shorter, non-grasping tails of the anthropoids of the Old World.. New World monkeys (except for the howler monkeys of genus Alouatta)[5] also typically lack the trichromatic vision of Old World monkeys.[6] Colour vision in New World ...
Looking for online definition of New World monkey in the Medical Dictionary? New World monkey explanation free. What is New World monkey? Meaning of New World monkey medical term. What does New World monkey mean?
Prehensile tailed monkeys are the largest of the New World monkeys. Species range from 382 to 686 mm head and body length in the Atelinae and from 559 to 915 mm head and body length in the howler monkeys (Alouattinae). Atelinae tail length ranges from 508 to 890 mm and weight from 5.5 to 15 kg. Alouattinae tail length ranges from 585 to 915 mm and weight from 4 to 12 kg. Males are substantially larger than females in howler monkeys (Alouatta) and woolly monkeys (Lagothrix), sexes are similar in size in other genera. Dental formula is I 2/2; C1/1; P 3/3; M 3/3. (Nowak, 1991). Prehensile tailed monkeys are from pale buff or gray (Brachyteles) to dark black (Ateles) in pelage color. Males and females differ in color in some species of howler monkeys. Prehensile tailed monkeys tend to have long limbs, fingers, and tails. This is especially pronounced in spider monkeys and muriquis, where it is associated with brachiation and suspensory locomotion. Woolly monkeys and howler monkeys have more compact ...
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic examination of the heart confirmed a dilative cardiomyopathy. This is the first report describing congestive heart failure caused by dilative cardiomyopathy in a squirrel monkey. Spontaneous dilative cardiomyopathy may be infrequently observed in the squirrel monkeys because they are not routinely housed in the research environment during their advancing years ...
Woolly monkey, any of five species of densely furred South American primates found in rainforests of the western Amazon River basin. Woolly monkeys average 40-60 cm (16-24 inches) in length, excluding the thick and somewhat longer prehensile tail. Females weigh 7 kg (15.5 pounds) on average, males
Fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (e.g., cortisol) are a valuable non-invasive source of information on individual levels of physiological stress. However, using them to evaluate stress levels among females can be problematic in species that do not show overt signs of reproductive condition because concentrations of reproductive hormones can affect cortisol concentrations. For example, high concentrations of estradiol during pregnancy may promote an increase in glucocorticoids and associated binding factors. Here, we examine the efficacy of using fecal glucocorticoid metabolites as an indicator of stress and whether estradiol is a potential confound of such measurements in both wild (El Zota, Costa Rica) and captive (Brookfield Zoo, Illinois) black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). First, fecal cortisol concentrations were measured from captive female spider monkeys before and after a veterinary exam. All females exhibited elevated cortisol concentrations after this stressful experience, ...
email protected]. Madison: Whelen Engineering of Chester, Connecticut has won this months Noisy Dozen award from Noise Free America for manufacturing "The Howler," designed to produce intense low-frequency noise on emergency vehicles.. The "Howler Low-Frequency Tone Siren" produces noise that can he heard from 200 feet. Its low-frequency booms can easily penetrate homes with their windows closed.. The rationale for The Howler? To make police, fire, and ambulance sirens even louder, to overcome high ambient noise from boom cars and motorcycles. In other words, The Howler is an added layer of noise.. Whelen Engineering brags that The Howler is "an effective added layer of warning when used with your 100/200 watt siren amplifier. Howler provides deep, low frequency tones, which are able to penetrate other vehicles, alerting drivers and pedestrians of your approach." Whelen also notes that The Howler "adds a minimum eight-second penetrating burst of low frequency siren sound for use in heavy ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetic relationships among three squirrel monkey types. T2 - Implications for taxonomy, biomedical research, and captive breeding. AU - Vandeberg, John L.. AU - Williams‐Blangero, Sarah. AU - Moore, Charleen M.. AU - Cheng, Min‐Lee ‐L. AU - Abee, Christian R.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Fourteen electrophoretically variable and 12 monomorphic erythrocytic and serum proteins were used to determine the genetic relationships among Bolivian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis), Peruvian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis), and Guyanese squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus sciureus). The results supported the classification scheme of Hershkovitz (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 7:155-210, 1984), which is used above. A profile of marker phenotypes can unambiguously discriminate between the two species examined, and can discriminate most S. b. boliviensis from most S. b. peruviensis. All three groups can be distinguished unambiguously by the location of ...
Its really, really, really unusual to see this many monkeys sick all at once and to see this many monkeys dead all at once," said ecologist Williams-Guillén, a visiting scholar at U-Ms School of Natural Resources and Environment who has studied wild howler monkeys in Nicaragua since 1999.. Williams-Guillén is also the director of conservation science for Paso Pacífico, an environmental nonprofit that works in Nicaraguas Pacific forests. She said her group has confirmed at least 75 deaths reported by Nicaraguan landowners and forest rangers, 70 of them since mid-January.. Williams-Guillén plans to return to Nicaragua in a few days to investigate the monkey deaths and to look for other sick or recently deceased howlers.. At this early stage, the researchers have four main cause-of-death hypotheses theyd like to investigate. They want to know whether the deaths were caused by: 1) drought or some other environmental stress resulting in lack of food or water; 2) poisoning by ingestion of ...
Abstract We report a trial in squirrel monkeys of 2 recombinant Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine candidates based on the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. One recombinant (NSI81 V20), produced in Escherichia coli, contains the repeat region of the CS protein. The other (VIVAX-1) recombinant is yeast-derived and contains the entire repeat domain and part of the surrounding N-terminal and C-terminal regions. Both antigens were administered with alum and muramyl tripeptide as adjuvants. No formulations caused toxic side effects. Both antigens, when administered with alum, induced high levels of sporozoite antibodies in all animals. Another group of animals was immunized with irradiated sporozoites alone. Upon challenge, a few immunized animals did not develop detectable parasitemia and others developed parasitemia only after a prolonged prepatent period. Monkeys immunized with irradiated sporozoites had higher levels of antibody but no increased protection. There was no correlation between protection and
Modern platyrrhines live in Central and South America but its not entirely clear how their common ancestor got there. At the time, around 25 million years ago, the Panama land bridge that connected North and South American hadnt formed, and the Atlantic Ocean was narrower. Its possible that this ancient monkey rafted across from Africa. No matter how it got there, what happened next is clearer thanks to Perelmans study.. After they reached South America, the platyrrhines diverged into three major families. The first to branch off were the pithecids, including the titis, the bald-faced uakaris (top left), the bearded sakis. Next came the atelids with their long, prehensile tails, including the howler (bottom right), spider and woolly monkeys.. Finally, the cebids. This group includes several species that have previously been classified in separate families; Perelman has decided to united them in one. They diverged in quick succession - first, the capuchins and squirrel monkeys (bottom left), ...
Apologies for the long radio silence. Travelling and the obligatory pre-travelling frenzy shut down the blogging assembly line for a couple weeks. Having wrapped up my west-coast jaunt (thanks to the great crowd that came out for the CSPAN taping at Stanford), I can write a bit about some of the new science that has caught my eye.. Crouching on top on the pile are howler monkeys. Howlers have become frequent visitors to the Loom, much to my surprise. For some reason theyve recently started to have a lot to say about evolution-particularly, as odd as it may seem, about the evolution of our own species. As I wrote in an earlier post, we humans have good eyesight compared to many other primates. We have three genes that make receptors for light in our eyes, each sensitive to its own band of the spectrum-red, green and blue. The combined sensitivity of these genes lets us tell the difference between yellow, organge, pink, and red. Other apes and monkeys in the Old World also have trichromatic ...
Quantity discrimination abilities are seen in a diverse range of species with similarities in performance patterns, suggesting common underlying cognitive mechanisms. However, methodological factors that impact performance make it difficult to draw broad phylogenetic comparisons of numerical cognition across studies. For example, some Old World monkeys selected a higher quantity stimulus more frequently when choosing between inedible (pebbles) than edible (food) stimuli. In Experiment 1 we presented brown capuchin (Cebus [Sapajus] paella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with the same two-choice quantity discrimination task in three different stimulus conditions: edible, inedible, and edible replaced (in which choice stimuli were food items that stood in for the same quantity of food items that were given as a reward ...
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I actually love to fit pants, because of the mystery invloved! You have to understand the lower half of the body and all the crazy differences people have in this region. When you get it wrong its really bad but when you get it right it is magic! The crotch depth is where it all happens and you have to understand that when you are sewing pants there is a differnt result when you sew the curve of the crotch than when you sew the back center and front center seam. I always have to give my pants a deeper crotch depth and i do a sway back adjustment which sounds like what you will also need to do. I have a book and it is my best friend when making pants, check it out, you will not be dissappointed. It is called Easy Guide To Sewing Pants by Lynn MacIntyre. This book shows you how to fit your pants and it has alteration methods for all sorts of fitting issues.. ReplyDelete ...
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Although the creature resembles a large kitten, as a member of the Ateles genus, it is more closely related to wooly and spider monkeys. Ateles saporis, informally known as the delicacy ape, is a tree-dwelling herbivore that can measure up to a meter from head to tail. The adult delicacy ape weighs between 35 and 40 pounds and tastes wonderful with a currant glaze. via ...
Have you ever heard of a pack of wolves, meercats, spider monkeys, chimps, gorillas, howler monkeys, lions, elephants, etc. living in five hundred to thousand individual size groups or shall we say herds? All of them and a mass of other such small group animals live in groups in numbers per group that stays within a certain range. In most, there is an alpha male whom the group revolves around. There will be sub-alphas who support him but one of which will ultimately replace him. When the group gets behond its usual size, it begins to become difficult to keep together. There is more dissention. If the alpha is weak, females will leave with their offspring or another male becomes dominant. With some groups, its the head female that is dominant. A too large group encourages the sub-dominant male to split off with some of the females. Nothing can make the females, gays and children more uneasy and insecure than if the group is large enough that the dominant male has more females than he can control ...
Have you ever heard of a pack of wolves, meercats, spider monkeys, chimps, gorillas, howler monkeys, lions, elephants, etc. living in five hundred to thousand individual size groups or shall we say herds? All of them and a mass of other such small group animals live in groups in numbers per group that stays within a certain range. In most, there is an alpha male whom the group revolves around. There will be sub-alphas who support him but one of which will ultimately replace him. When the group gets behond its usual size, it begins to become difficult to keep together. There is more dissention. If the alpha is weak, females will leave with their offspring or another male becomes dominant. With some groups, its the head female that is dominant. A too large group encourages the sub-dominant male to split off with some of the females. Nothing can make the females, gays and children more uneasy and insecure than if the group is large enough that the dominant male has more females than he can control ...
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Ive always liked Railriders and they offer a couple of styles with reinforcement. Just had a wonderful customer experience with them that makes me a devoted customer. I wear their Backcountry Khakis as an all around pant and had the button fall off. I contacted them asking if I could get a replacement button so I could repair them and they sent me a new pair of pants. The day those showed up, the button fell off another pair. So theres obviously a button problem going on here. The new pair uses a sewed on button that would have to rip off and cant fall apart. I thanked them for the new pants and let them know about the second pair but told them I wasnt looking for a replacement pair. They still offered, but I declined as it seemed overkill for a button and they had already done it once. Anyway, to me that is some pretty awesome service. Super durable pants -- other than that round of defective buttons ...
Why biodiversity is not uniformly distributed on the Earth is a major research question of biogeography. One of the most striking patterns of disparity in species distribution are the biodiversity hotspots, which generally do not fit with the distribution of relevant components of the Neotropical biota. In this study, we assess the proximal causes of the species-richness pattern of one of the most conspicuous groups of Neotropical mammals, the New World monkeys the Platyrrhini. We test two complementary hypotheses : (1) there is a historical source-sink dynamic (addressed using macroevolutionary and macroecological approaches) ; (2) the large number of species in the Amazon basin is due to the constraints imposed by environmental variables occurring outside this area.(...). View online ...
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Phil OSophicals AYCARAMBA (Automated Yet Comprehensive Arboreal Recognition And Magnetic Branch Avoidance) took second spot, while LARCH (Lohan Arborial Repulsion Coded Heuristic) came in third, just one vote ahead of NumptyScrubs NO:PANTS (Navigationally Obligatory: Pixhawk Avoidance of Nearby Tree System).. While the poll was still live, NumptyScrub suggested that since his entry was simply an extension of PANTS, Sir Sham Cad should take the honours should readers decide they preferred LOHAN with NO:PANTS.. This honourable suggestion has earned NumptyScrub some stickers of his own, and in fact everyone whose entry made the final cut can have some stickers too. Can you all please email me your postal address right here? Ta.. Yes indeed, thats the kind of mood were in this fine Friday, as our Kickstarter campaign to get LOHAN out to Spaceport America tops an impressive £26k.. And in the spirit of New Mexico ballocket launch facilities, lets raise a pint to Francis Vaughan, who was ...
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Rated 5 out of 5 by McKatherine from Perfect Black Pant Bought these several months ago and they quickly became my go to work pant. Beautiful fabric that can be dressed up or down. Perfect for travel too. For the number of wears, so worth the price. I am 53" and normally wear petites. Bought this pair regular small and length is perfect. My only recommendation is to offer more colors! ...
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I have a six year old son who on a daily basis poops his pants. This has been going on since late summer and at one point he was completely pooping his pants and at other times he just does not wipe w...
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Viral DNA or RNA that benignly settles itself into a vector or inside human DNA itself turns into a sleeping gene, enjoying the protection of a longer-lived cell. That means it doesnt aggravate the immune system to destroy it. That could easily account for the tolerance of humans and new world monkeys to all the viral DNA that has accumulated all this time. Social patterns can only account for so much, since many viruses travel through touch and aerosol to infect others. Blood is not the only means of transmission.. Evolution in small organisms proceeds at a much more rapid pace than in organisms even as small as a shrimp. This is because generations recur in very short periods of time: one virus invades another cell, produces progeny, they break out of the cell and do the same-and there are many cells they can invade. The more generations there are-and you get many in one bout of illness-the more chance there is that a quiescent mutation can occur. This mutated virus can invade a cell and just ...
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This red howler monkey extends west from the lower Rio Madeira (left bank) and the Rio Aripuanã across the basin of the Rio Purus to the Rios Juruá and Envira, as postulated by Gregorin (2006). It occurs in northern Rondônia, but the southern limits to its range in Brazil are unclear. It is not clear whether it is the form in north-west Bolivia and far south-eastern Peru in the basins of the upper Purus, Madre de Dios and Tampopata. According to Anderson (1997), only Alouatta sara occurs in Bolivia. Aquino and Encarnacion (1994a) did not consider subspecies or any species other than A. seniculus. Red howlers occur throughout the Peruvian Amazon from the Río Inamabari in the far south-east, along the Rio Urubamba, through the Pachitea to the right (east) bank of the Rio Huallaga, north accompanying the Cordillera to cross the Río Marañón, extending into Ecuador along the Río Santiago (left bank). According to Gregorin (2006), the west (left) bank the Rio Juruá and Envira is taken up by ...
HBV (Hepatitis B virus), abbreviated HBV, is a species of the genus Orthohepadnavirus, which is likewise a part of the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. HBV causes the disease hepatitis B. The hepatitis B virus is classified as the type species of the Orthohepadnavirus, which contains three other species: the Ground squirrel hepatitis virus, Woodchuck hepatitis virus, and theWoolly monkey hepatitis B virus. The genus is classified as part of the Hepadnaviridae family. HBV is divided into four major serotypes (adr, adw, ayr, ayw) based on antigenic epitopes present on its envelope proteins, and into eight genotypes (A-H) according to overall nucleotide sequence variation of the genome. The genotypes have a distinct geographical distribution and are used in tracing the evolution and transmission of the virus. Differences between genotypes affect the disease severity, course and likelihood of complications, and response to treatment and possibly vaccination.. ...
Following in the footsteps of the highly lauded Handbook of the Birds of the World series, the newly announced Handbook of the Mammals of the World is already creating a buzz. To be completed over the next several years in eight volumes, this series is expected to be an extraordinary and unique project, illustrating and describing in detail every mammalian species on the planet. |P|Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 3: Primates. Edited by Don E. Wilson, Russell A. Mittermeier; Illustrated by Toni Llobet. Published by Lynx Edicions in association with Conservation International and IUCN |P|Contents: Family Cheirogaleidae, Family Lepilemuridae, Family Lemuridae, Family Indriidae, Family Daubentoniidae, Family Galagidae, Family Lorisidae, Family Tarsiidae, Family Callitrichidae, Family Cebidae, Family Aotidae, Family Pitheciidae, Family Atelidae, Family Cercopithecidae, Family Hylobatidae, Family Pongidae, Family Hominidae. |P|The pre-publication discount offer on Volume 3 has expired, but we
The effects of known uricosuric agents have been examined by standard clearance techniques in male Cebus monkeys. Probenecid was effective in promoting uricosuria at p.o. doses greater than 10 mg/kg. Sulfinpyrasone was only mildly active in this species. Zoxazolamine, at p.o. doses sufficient to produce marked uricosuria in man, was inactive. Phenylbutasone was weakly active; carinamide did not elicit a uricosuric response under our experimental conditions. Iodopyracet at high loads was markedly uricosuric. Chlorothiaside at i.v. doses of 25 mg/kg elicited a biphasic response of uricosuria followed by urate retention. The relative inactivity of certain uricosuric agents in the Cebus monkey is thought to be due to either a basic difference from man in the urate transport system or the result of rapid biotransformation to an inactive metabolite(s), poor oral adsorption or a combination of these.. ...
Parasites have been investigated for some New World primates; however, very little is known about ectoparasites and specifically fur mites. In this study, Alouatta palliata, Cebus capucinus, Saimiri oerstedii, and Ateles geoffroyi monkeys from different areas of Costa Rica were searched for fur mites. A total of 276 monkeys were evaluated, and 51 of them were positive for mites of the family Atopomelidae. Listrocarpus alouattae was identified on 22.3% of A. palliata; Listrocarpus capucinus on 12.8% of C. capucinus; and Listrocarpus costaricensis on 36.8% of S. oerstedii; No fur mites were found on A. geoffroyi. Sex was not considered a determinant of mite infestation, but prevalence was significantly higher in the Central Volcanic Mountain Range Conservation Area for L. alouattae (p=0.01) and in the Central Pacific Conservation Area for L. capucinus (p=0.002). These primate fur mites are highly host-specific. Differences in the geographical distribution may be due to monkey behavior and history, ...
The conditions encountered in our anthropoids also reconcile what might appear to be contradictory accounts of the anterior extent of the NLD (e.g. Frets, 1913; Maier, 1980). As noted above, Maier (1980) regarded a caudal opening of the NLD to be a synapomorphy of haplorhines, but sectioned rostra of fetal anthropoids reported elsewhere (e.g. Ateles; Frets, 1913) clearly showed the membranous distal arm of the nasopalatine duct (NPD) extending anteriorly along the usual strepsirrhine course (at the junction of the paries nasi and anterior transverse lamina). The terminus of this anterior arm of the duct was not described by Frets (1913), but Starck (1973) described a similar duct in a fetal chimpanzee that ended blindly near the level of the nasal vestibule. The nasal orifice in this specimen was located posteriorly, at the end of the vertically orientated nasolacrimal canal, as it is in our platyrrhine specimens. On the basis of the developmental pattern documented here for callitrichines and ...
Introduction. Klebsiella Pneumoniae is a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-to coccobacillus shaped, capsulated bacterium. This organism is a normal intestinal and oral commensal in many nonhuman primates, but infections from pathogenic strains can cause significant morbidity and mortality in these animals (Simmons and Gibson, 2012). Multisystemic abscesses due to invasive K. Pneumoniae strains have been reported in African Green monkeys in the United States recently (Twenhafel et al., 2008). Also, in the recent past, wild-caught and captive monkeys in the Caribbean Island of St. Kitts have been shown to harbor potentially pathogenic strains of K. Pneumoniae(Whitehouse et al., 2010). In all these contexts, international interest on this organism as a cause of disease in non-human primates exists. The present report deals with a fatal case in a pet squirrel monkey in Grenada, West Indies.. History and Methods. An 11 month-old female squirrel monkey brought from Trinidad was kept as a pet ...
"Taxonomy of squirrel monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, platyrrhini): A preliminary report with description of a hitherto unnamed ...
Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (14 species). *Family Aotidae: night monkeys (11 species) ...
As mentioned, Hominidae was originally the name given to the family of humans and their (extinct) close relatives, with the other great apes (that is, the orangutans, gorillas, and chimpanzees) all being placed in a separate family, the Pongidae. However, that definition eventually made Pongidae paraphyletic because at least one great ape species (the chimpanzees) proved to be more closely related to humans than to other great apes. Most taxonomists today encourage monophyletic groups-this would require, in this case, the use of Pongidae to be restricted to just one closely related grouping. Thus, many biologists now assign Pongo (as the subfamily Ponginae) to the family Hominidae. The taxonomy shown here follows the monophyletic groupings according to the modern understanding of human and great ape relationships. Humans and close relatives including the tribes Hominini and Gorillini form the subfamily Homininae (see classification graphic below). (A few researchers go so far as to refer the ...
Cebidae, kapusineraper og ekkornaper. *Aotidae, nattaper. *Pitheciidae, tititer, sakier, og uakarier. *Atelidae, brølaper, ...
Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (14 species). *Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis) (11 species) ... Some primate families, from top to bottom: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, Callitrichidae, Atelidae, ...
The aye-aye is classically considered 'solitary' as they have not been observed to groom each other.[citation needed] However, recent research suggests it is more social than once thought. It usually sticks to foraging in its own personal home range, or territory. The home ranges of males often overlap, and the males can be very social with each other. Female home ranges never overlap, though a male's home range often overlaps that of several females. The male aye-ayes live in large areas up to 80 acres (320,000 m2), while females have smaller living spaces that goes up to 20 acres (81,000 m2). It is difficult for the males to defend a singular female because of the large home range. They are seen exhibiting polygyny because of this.[23] Regular scent marking with their cheeks and neck is how aye-ayes let others know of their presence and repel intruders from their territory.[24] Like many other prosimians, the female aye-aye is dominant to the male. They are not typically monogamous, and will ...
捲尾猴科 Cebidae. 亞科: 狨亞科 Callitrichinae. 屬: 狨屬 Callithrix. ...
Przedstawiciele różnych rodzin naczelnych, od góry do dołu: Daubentoniidae, Tarsiidae, Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Cebidae, ...
Cebidae. Callimico. Goeldi's marmoset (C. goeldii). Callithrix. Buffy-tufted marmoset (C. aurita) · Buffy-headed marmoset (C. ...
Cebidae (Cebidae) (Callithricidae) Old World monkey (Cercopithecidae) Hominid (Pongidae) Xenarthra (Edentata) Sloth ( ...
Osman Hill, W. C. (1960). Primates Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV-Cebidae, Part A. Edinburgh Univ Pubs Science & Maths, No ... Osman Hill, W. C. (1962). Primates Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV-Cebidae, Part B. Edinburgh Univ Pubs Science & Maths, No ...
New World monkeys of the genus Cacajao (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review with a description of a new sub- ...
Cranial ontogeny and sexual dimorphism in two New World monkeys: Alouatta caraya (Atelidae) and Cebus apella (Cebidae). Journal ...
Suborder: Haplorhini Infraorder: Simiiformes Parvorder: Platyrrhini (New World monkeys) Family: Cebidae Subfamily: ...
Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (14 species) Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis) (11 species) ...
Hershkovitz, P. (1987). "The taxonomy of south American sakis, genus Pithecia (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): A preliminary report and ...
Cebidae Subfamily: Callitrichinae Genus: Saguinus Geoffroy's tamarin Saguinus geoffroyi LC Subfamily: Cebinae Genus: Cebus ...
Hershkovitz, P (1963): A systematic and zoogeographic account of South American titi monkeys, genus Callicebus (Cebidae) of the ... Hershkovitz, P (1990): Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review, ... family Cebidae, Platyrrhini), Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 140(1):240-272. Groves 2001 Van ... Cebidae) in eastern Colombia". Lozania. 38: 1-9. Hernández-Camacho 1976, pp. 35-69 Robinson et al., 1987 Rodríguez & Palacios, ...
Mendes Pontes, A. R.; Malta, A.; Asfora, P. H. (2006), "A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben (Cebidae, ... lion tamarins Genus Saguinus Genus Callimico Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys Genus Cebus: capuchins Genus ...
Ayres, J.M. (1985). "On a new species of squirrel monkey, genus Saimiri, from Brazilian Amazonia (Primates, Cebidae)". Papéis ...
It is a member of the family Cebidae, the family of New World monkeys containing capuchin monkeys, squirrel monkeys, tamarins ... is a medium-sized New World monkey of the family Cebidae, subfamily Cebinae. Native to the forests of Central America and the ...
Cebidae)". Revta bras. Zool: 531-551. "Morre, aos 92 anos, Adelmar Coimbra-Filho". globo.com. Retrieved 9 July 2016. Siegel, ...
... first Callitrichidae and later Cebidae. In 1977, he published a review of callitrichids that according to Ronald H. Pine was " ...
Two species belong to the family Cebidae, the family that includes the capuchin monkeys and squirrel monkeys. One species each ...
Cebidae, Primates): Found at the very brink of extinction in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre." (PDF), Zootaxa, 1200, pp. 1-12, ... Cebidae)." (PDF), Boletim do Museu Nacional: Nova Série: Zoologia, 523, pp. 1-16, archived from the original (PDF) on 5 ...
The Ecuadorian capuchin (Cebus albifrons aequatorialis) is a capuchin monkey of the family Cebidae. It is a subspecies of the ...
Cebidae Bonaparte, 1831 +*Callitrichinae (Gray 1821) +*Saguinus Hoffmannsegg, 1807 + * Saguinus mystax (Spix, 1823) ...
... and between the subfamilies Aotinae and Callithrichinae among Cebidae. Our study provides insights into the disputed ...
Family: CEBIDAE. Species:. Alouatta belzebul ululata Common:. Red-handed Howling Monkey (E). ...
They feed on a vast range of food types and are more varied than other monkeys in the family Cebidae. They are omnivores, and ...
Cebidae (2) *Cebinae (2) *Cebus (1) *Killikaike (1) *Pitheciidae (8) *Callicebinae (5) *Callicebus (2) ...
Histopathological characterization of nephritides in the brown capuchin monkey, Cebus apella (Primates: Cebidae) ...
Na Amazônia Brasileira, o macaco Cebus apella (Primata: Cebidae) tem sido associado com o ciclo enzoótico da Leishmania (V.) ... In Amazonian Brazil, the Cebus apella monkey (Primates: Cebidae) has been associated with the enzootic cycle of Leishmania (V ... Susceptibility of Cebus apella monkey (Primates: Cebidae) to experimental Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi-infection / ... Susceptibilidade do macaco Cebus apella (Primata: Cebidae) à infecção experimental por Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi ...
A phylogeny of howler monkeys (Cebidae: Alouatta) based on mitochondrial, chromosomal and morphological data ...
A possible case of myiasis in a wild moustached tamarin, Saguinus mystax (Callitrichinae, Cebidae). Journal of Medical ... Observations on predatory behaviour of a young saki monkey, Pithecia hirsuta (Platyrrhini: Cebidae). Primate Report 19:29-33. ...
Hershkovitz P: Uacaries, New World Monkeys of the genus Cacajao (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): A preliminary taxonomic review with the ... Hershkovitz P: A preliminary taxonomic review of south american berded saki monkeys genus Chiropotes (Cebidae, Platyrrhini), ... Cebidae-Primates) using chromosome painting and G-banding. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2008, 8: 169-10.1186/1471-2148-8-169. ...
Cebidae, Callitrichinae) and a recognized input comments and ecosystems( Cebidae, Callitrichinae) am the most separate darbo of ... misconceptions and fishes( Cebidae, Callitrichinae) have the most Horizontal case of New World adaptations and one of the most ...
This document highlights the additions and changes in 2005 Health Science Descriptors (DeCS). In addition to the annual changes related to the 2005 Medical Science Headings (MeSH), the main novelties in 2005 DeCS are the creation of the Science and Health category by PAHO IKM/RC Unit (Information Knowledge Management/Research Promotion and Development), date of update February 2005, and the creation of the Health Surveillance category, in partnership with the National Health Surveillance System of the Scientific and Technical Knowledge Management Office - GETEC, General Management for Knowledge and Documentation ANVISA (the Health Surveillance Agency of the Brazilian Department of Health), date of update April 2005. ...
Cebidae (2) *Cebinae (2) *Cebus (1) *Killikaike (1) *Pitheciidae (8) *Callicebinae (5) *Callicebus (2) ...
"A review and reappraisal of the night monkey, Aotus lemurinus (Primates: Cebidae), in Costa Rica" Revista de Biología Tropical. ... "The chewing louse genus Aotiella (Phthiraptera: Gyropidae) from the South American night monkeys, Aotus (Primates: Cebidae)" ...
Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: II - aspectos evolutivos da infecção no primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) pela Leishmania (V.) ... Leishmaniose cutânea experimental: I - Sobre a susceptibilidade do primata Cebus apella (Cebidae) à infecção pela Leishmania ( ...
A phylogeny of howler monkeys (Cebidae: Alouatta) based on mitochondrial, chromosomal and morphological data. ...
b) Platyrhines, or Cebid[ae]. These have a round head, with a broad nasal septum, so that the nostrils are wide apart and ...
Cebidae Saguinus spp.(0). Cebidae Aotus trivirgatus(3). Cebidae Cebus albifrons(2). Cebidae Cebus apella(3). Cebidae Cebus ... Cebidae Saguinus spp.(0). Cebidae Aotus trivirgatus(3). Cebidae Cebus albifrons(2). Cebidae Cebus apella(3). Cebidae Cebus ... Cebidae Saguinus leucopus(2). Cebidae Saguinus midas(0). Cebidae Saguinus mystax(3). Cebidae Saguinus nigricollis(22). Cebidae ... Cebidae Saguinus leucopus(2). Cebidae Saguinus midas(0). Cebidae Saguinus mystax(3). Cebidae Saguinus nigricollis(22). Cebidae ...
Cebidae / anatomy & histology. Cercopithecidae / anatomy & histology. Haplorhini / anatomy & histology. Knee Joint / anatomy & ...
Molecular data highlight hybridization in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri, Cebidae). *Jeferson Carneiro, Luis Fernando da Silva ...
"Taxonomy of squirrel monkeys genus Saimiri (Cebidae, platyrrhini): A preliminary report with description of a hitherto unnamed ...
Define family Cercopidae. family Cercopidae synonyms, family Cercopidae pronunciation, family Cercopidae translation, English dictionary definition of family Cercopidae. Noun 1. family Cercopidae - froghoppers or spittlebugs Cercopidae arthropod family - any of the arthropods Homoptera, suborder Homoptera - plant lice ;...
  • The first group includes one superfamily, Ceboidea, which embraces two families-Callithricidae and Cebidae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • His team named the new species Panamacebus transitus , combining "Panama" with the Latin root for "Cebidae" and referring to its voyage across what was previously thought to be an impenetrable stretch of ocean. (sciencemag.org)