Differentiation antigens found on thymocytes and on cytotoxic and suppressor T-lymphocytes. CD8 antigens are members of the immunoglobulin supergene family and are associative recognition elements in MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) Class I-restricted interactions.
Complex of at least five membrane-bound polypeptides in mature T-lymphocytes that are non-covalently associated with one another and with the T-cell receptor (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL). The CD3 complex includes the gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, and eta chains (subunits). When antigen binds to the T-cell receptor, the CD3 complex transduces the activating signals to the cytoplasm of the T-cell. The CD3 gamma and delta chains (subunits) are separate from and not related to the gamma/delta chains of the T-cell receptor (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA).
A membrane glycoprotein and differentiation antigen expressed on the surface of T-cells that binds to CD40 ANTIGENS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and induces their proliferation. Mutation of the gene for CD40 ligand is a cause of HYPER-IGM IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, TYPE 1.
A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily with specificity for CD40 LIGAND. It is found on mature B-LYMPHOCYTES and some EPITHELIAL CELLS, lymphoid DENDRITIC CELLS. Evidence suggests that CD40-dependent activation of B-cells is important for generation of memory B-cells within the germinal centers. Mutations of the gene for CD40 antigen result in HYPER-IGM IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, TYPE 3. Signaling of the receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
Acidic sulfated integral membrane glycoproteins expressed in several alternatively spliced and variable glycosylated forms on a wide variety of cell types including mature T-cells, B-cells, medullary thymocytes, granulocytes, macrophages, erythrocytes, and fibroblasts. CD44 antigens are the principle cell surface receptors for hyaluronate and this interaction mediates binding of lymphocytes to high endothelial venules. (From Abbas et al., Cellular and Molecular Immunology, 2d ed, p156)
Glycoproteins found on immature hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. They are the only molecules to date whose expression within the blood system is restricted to a small number of progenitor cells in the bone marrow.
Costimulatory T-LYMPHOCYTE receptors that have specificity for CD80 ANTIGEN and CD86 ANTIGEN. Activation of this receptor results in increased T-cell proliferation, cytokine production and promotion of T-cell survival.
Ratio of T-LYMPHOCYTES that express the CD4 ANTIGEN to those that express the CD8 ANTIGEN. This value is commonly assessed in the diagnosis and staging of diseases affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM including HIV INFECTIONS.
Glycolipid-anchored membrane glycoproteins expressed on cells of the myelomonocyte lineage including monocytes, macrophages, and some granulocytes. They function as receptors for the complex of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS-binding protein.
A bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis and HYDROLYSIS of CYCLIC ADP-RIBOSE (cADPR) from NAD+ to ADP-RIBOSE. It is a cell surface molecule which is predominantly expressed on LYMPHOID CELLS and MYELOID CELLS.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.
Glycoproteins expressed on cortical thymocytes and on some dendritic cells and B-cells. Their structure is similar to that of MHC Class I and their function has been postulated as similar also. CD1 antigens are highly specific markers for human LANGERHANS CELLS.
A costimulatory ligand expressed by ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELLS that binds to CTLA-4 ANTIGEN with high specificity and to CD28 ANTIGEN with low specificity. The interaction of CD80 with CD28 ANTIGEN provides a costimulatory signal to T-LYMPHOCYTES, while its interaction with CTLA-4 ANTIGEN may play a role in inducing PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE.
Glycoprotein members of the immunoglobulin superfamily which participate in T-cell adhesion and activation. They are expressed on most peripheral T-lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and thymocytes, and function as co-receptors or accessory molecules in the T-cell receptor complex.
Differentiation antigens expressed on B-lymphocytes and B-cell precursors. They are involved in regulation of B-cell proliferation.
A costimulatory ligand expressed by ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELLS that binds to CD28 ANTIGEN with high specificity and to CTLA-4 ANTIGEN with low specificity. The interaction of CD86 with CD28 ANTIGEN provides a stimulatory signal to T-LYMPHOCYTES, while its interaction with CTLA-4 ANTIGEN may play a role in inducing PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE.
A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype found in a variety of tissues and on activated LYMPHOCYTES. It has specificity for FAS LIGAND and plays a role in regulation of peripheral immune responses and APOPTOSIS. Multiple isoforms of the protein exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.
Glycoproteins expressed on all mature T-cells, thymocytes, and a subset of mature B-cells. Antibodies specific for CD5 can enhance T-cell receptor-mediated T-cell activation. The B-cell-specific molecule CD72 is a natural ligand for CD5. (From Abbas et al., Cellular and Molecular Immunology, 2d ed, p156)
Differentiation antigens residing on mammalian leukocytes. CD stands for cluster of differentiation, which refers to groups of monoclonal antibodies that show similar reactivity with certain subpopulations of antigens of a particular lineage or differentiation stage. The subpopulations of antigens are also known by the same CD designation.
Cell-surface glycoprotein beta-chains that are non-covalently linked to specific alpha-chains of the CD11 family of leukocyte-adhesion molecules (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE-ADHESION). A defect in the gene encoding CD18 causes LEUKOCYTE-ADHESION DEFICIENCY SYNDROME.
The 140 kDa isoform of NCAM (neural cell adhesion molecule) containing a transmembrane domain and short cytoplasmic tail. It is expressed by all lymphocytes mediating non-MHC restricted cytotoxicity and is present on some neural tissues and tumors.
A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily that may play a role in the regulation of NF-KAPPA B and APOPTOSIS. They are found on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; MAST CELLS and NK CELLS. Overexpression of CD30 antigen in hematopoietic malignancies make the antigen clinically useful as a biological tumor marker. Signaling of the receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
A cell adhesion protein that was originally identified as a heat stable antigen in mice. It is involved in METASTASIS and is highly expressed in many NEOPLASMS.
Leukocyte differentiation antigens and major platelet membrane glycoproteins present on MONOCYTES; ENDOTHELIAL CELLS; PLATELETS; and mammary EPITHELIAL CELLS. They play major roles in CELL ADHESION; SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION; and regulation of angiogenesis. CD36 is a receptor for THROMBOSPONDINS and can act as a scavenger receptor that recognizes and transports oxidized LIPOPROTEINS and FATTY ACIDS.
A subtype of tetraspanin proteins that play a role in cell adhesion, cell motility, and tumor metastasis. CD9 antigens take part in the process of platelet activation and aggregation, the formation of paranodal junctions in neuronal tissue, and the fusion of sperm with egg.
Unglycosylated phosphoproteins expressed only on B-cells. They are regulators of transmembrane Ca2+ conductance and thought to play a role in B-cell activation and proliferation.
Differentiation antigens expressed on pluripotential hematopoietic cells, most human thymocytes, and a major subset of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes. They have been implicated in integrin-mediated cellular adhesion and as signalling receptors on T-cells.
A sialic acid-rich protein and an integral cell membrane mucin. It plays an important role in activation of T-LYMPHOCYTES.
A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.
A group of three different alpha chains (CD11a, CD11b, CD11c) that are associated with an invariant CD18 beta chain (ANTIGENS, CD18). The three resulting leukocyte-adhesion molecules (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION) are LYMPHOCYTE FUNCTION-ASSOCIATED ANTIGEN-1; MACROPHAGE-1 ANTIGEN; and ANTIGEN, P150,95.
A ubiquitously expressed membrane glycoprotein. It interacts with a variety of INTEGRINS and mediates responses to EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS.
Small glycoproteins found on both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. CD59 restricts the cytolytic activity of homologous complement by binding to C8 and C9 and blocking the assembly of the membrane attack complex. (From Barclay et al., The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook, 1993, p234)
A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that specifically binds to CD27 ANTIGEN. It is found on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; and DENDRITIC CELLS where it plays a role in stimulating the proliferation of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES and CD8-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES.
A ubiquitously expressed complement receptor that binds COMPLEMENT C3B and COMPLEMENT C4B and serves as a cofactor for their inactivation. CD46 also interacts with a wide variety of pathogens and mediates immune response.
A CD antigen that contains a conserved I domain which is involved in ligand binding. When combined with CD18 the two subunits form MACROPHAGE-1 ANTIGEN.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Oligosaccharide antigenic determinants found principally on NK cells and T-cells. Their role in the immune response is poorly understood.
Tetraspanin proteins that are involved in a variety of cellular functions including BASEMENT MEMBRANE assembly, and in the formation of a molecular complexes on the surface of LYMPHOCYTES.
A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily that is specific for 4-1BB LIGAND. It is found in a variety of immune cell types including activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; NATURAL KILLER CELLS; and DENDRITIC CELLS. Activation of the receptor on T-LYMPHOCYTES plays a role in their expansion, production of cytokines and survival. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
A membrane-bound tumor necrosis family member found primarily on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that binds specifically to CD30 ANTIGEN. It may play a role in INFLAMMATION and immune regulation.
Cell adhesion molecules present on virtually all monocytes, platelets, and granulocytes. CD31 is highly expressed on endothelial cells and concentrated at the junctions between them.
An integrin alpha subunit of approximately 150-kDa molecular weight. It is expressed at high levels on monocytes and combines with CD18 ANTIGEN to form the cell surface receptor INTEGRIN ALPHAXBETA2. The subunit contains a conserved I-domain which is characteristic of several of alpha integrins.
Tetraspanin proteins found associated with LAMININ-binding INTEGRINS. The CD151 antigens may play a role in the regulation of CELL MOTILITY.
GPI-linked membrane proteins broadly distributed among hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. CD55 prevents the assembly of C3 CONVERTASE or accelerates the disassembly of preformed convertase, thus blocking the formation of the membrane attack complex.
Glycoproteins with a wide distribution on hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells and strongly expressed on macrophages. CD58 mediates cell adhesion by binding to CD2; (ANTIGENS, CD2); and this enhances antigen-specific T-cell activation.
Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.
Ubiquitously-expressed tetraspanin proteins that are found in late ENDOSOMES and LYSOSOMES and have been implicated in intracellular transport of proteins.
Zinc-binding metalloproteases that are members of the type II integral membrane metalloproteases. They are expressed by GRANULOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and their precursors as well as by various non-hematopoietic cells. They release an N-terminal amino acid from a peptide, amide or arylamide.
An alpha-integrin subunit found on lymphocytes, granulocytes, macrophages and monocytes. It combines with the integrin beta2 subunit (CD18 ANTIGEN) to form LYMPHOCYTE FUNCTION-ASSOCIATED ANTIGEN-1.
A widely distributed cell surface transmembrane glycoprotein that stimulates the synthesis of MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES. It is found at high levels on the surface of malignant NEOPLASMS and may play a role as a mediator of malignant cell behavior.
Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.
The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.
A widely expressed transmembrane glycoprotein that functions as a METASTASIS suppressor protein. It is underexpressed in a variety of human NEOPLASMS.
A large superfamily of cell surface membrane proteins characterized by their four transmembrane domains. They play a role in a variety of processes such as cellular adhesion and motility. They may be involved in the organization of cell surface MEMBRANE MICRODOMAINS that regulate the activation of LEUKOCYTES.
An inhibitory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 PROTEIN. CD274 antigen provides negative signals that control and inhibit T-cell responses and is found at higher than normal levels on tumor cells, suggesting its potential role in TUMOR IMMUNE EVASION.
Type III intermediate filament proteins expressed mainly in neurons of the peripheral and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS. Peripherins are implicated in neurite elongation during development and axonal regeneration after injury.
A cell adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS and is involved in INTERCELLULAR JUNCTIONS.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The altered state of immunologic responsiveness resulting from initial contact with antigen, which enables the individual to produce antibodies more rapidly and in greater quantity in response to secondary antigenic stimulus.
Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
Antigens expressed on the cell membrane of T-lymphocytes during differentiation, activation, and normal and neoplastic transformation. Their phenotypic characterization is important in differential diagnosis and studies of thymic ontogeny and T-cell function.
A trisaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. In the blood the antigen is found on the surface of NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES. In addition, CD15 antigen is a stage-specific embryonic antigen.
A component of the B-cell antigen receptor that is involved in B-cell antigen receptor heavy chain transport to the PLASMA MEMBRANE. It is expressed almost exclusively in B-LYMPHOCYTES and serves as a useful marker for B-cell NEOPLASMS.
CD4-positive T cells that inhibit immunopathology or autoimmune disease in vivo. They inhibit the immune response by influencing the activity of other cell types. Regulatory T-cells include naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells, IL-10 secreting Tr1 cells, and Th3 cells.
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (ANTIGENS, CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (ANTIGENS, CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.
Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.
Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.
A sialomucin protein that functions as a cell adhesion molecule. It is a negative regulator of certain types of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.
Antigens expressed primarily on the membranes of living cells during sequential stages of maturation and differentiation. As immunologic markers they have high organ and tissue specificity and are useful as probes in studies of normal cell development as well as neoplastic transformation.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Tetraspanin proteins found at high levels in cells of the lymphoid-myeloid lineage. CD53 antigens may be involved regulating the differentiation of T-LYMPHOCYTES and the activation of B-LYMPHOCYTES.
Lymphoid cells concerned with humoral immunity. They are short-lived cells resembling bursa-derived lymphocytes of birds in their production of immunoglobulin upon appropriate stimulation.
Integrin beta-1 chains which are expressed as heterodimers that are noncovalently associated with specific alpha-chains of the CD49 family (CD49a-f). CD29 is expressed on resting and activated leukocytes and is a marker for all of the very late activation antigens on cells. (from: Barclay et al., The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook, 1993, p164)
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
A low affinity interleukin-2 receptor subunit that combines with the INTERLEUKIN-2 RECEPTOR BETA SUBUNIT and the INTERLEUKIN RECEPTOR COMMON GAMMA-CHAIN to form a high affinity receptor for INTERLEUKIN-2.
Replacement of the knee joint.
A single, unpaired primary lymphoid organ situated in the MEDIASTINUM, extending superiorly into the neck to the lower edge of the THYROID GLAND and inferiorly to the fourth costal cartilage. It is necessary for normal development of immunologic function early in life. By puberty, it begins to involute and much of the tissue is replaced by fat.
A soluble substance elaborated by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated T-LYMPHOCYTES which induces DNA synthesis in naive lymphocytes.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The number of LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.
Receptors present on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES and B-LYMPHOCYTES that are specific for INTERLEUKIN-2 and play an important role in LYMPHOCYTE ACTIVATION. They are heterotrimeric proteins consisting of the INTERLEUKIN-2 RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT, the INTERLEUKIN-2 RECEPTOR BETA SUBUNIT, and the INTERLEUKIN RECEPTOR COMMON GAMMA-CHAIN.
The phenomenon of target cell destruction by immunologically active effector cells. It may be brought about directly by sensitized T-lymphocytes or by lymphoid or myeloid "killer" cells, or it may be mediated by cytotoxic antibody, cytotoxic factor released by lymphoid cells, or complement.
Antigenic determinants recognized and bound by the T-cell receptor. Epitopes recognized by the T-cell receptor are often located in the inner, unexposed side of the antigen, and become accessible to the T-cell receptors after proteolytic processing of the antigen.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
Bone marrow-derived lymphocytes that possess cytotoxic properties, classically directed against transformed and virus-infected cells. Unlike T CELLS; and B CELLS; NK CELLS are not antigen specific. The cytotoxicity of natural killer cells is determined by the collective signaling of an array of inhibitory and stimulatory CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. A subset of T-LYMPHOCYTES referred to as NATURAL KILLER T CELLS shares some of the properties of this cell type.
Form of passive immunization where previously sensitized immunologic agents (cells or serum) are transferred to non-immune recipients. When transfer of cells is used as a therapy for the treatment of neoplasms, it is called adoptive immunotherapy (IMMUNOTHERAPY, ADOPTIVE).
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
A subclass of winged helix DNA-binding proteins that share homology with their founding member fork head protein, Drosophila.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
A classification of lymphocytes based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
Surface antigens expressed on myeloid cells of the granulocyte-monocyte-histiocyte series during differentiation. Analysis of their reactivity in normal and malignant myelomonocytic cells is useful in identifying and classifying human leukemias and lymphomas.
A dead body, usually a human body.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2.
Inflammation or irritation of a bursa, the fibrous sac that acts as a cushion between moving structures of bones, muscles, tendons or skin.
The process by which antigen is presented to lymphocytes in a form they can recognize. This is performed by antigen presenting cells (APCs). Some antigens require processing before they can be recognized. Antigen processing consists of ingestion and partial digestion of the antigen by the APC, followed by presentation of fragments on the cell surface. (From Rosen et al., Dictionary of Immunology, 1989)
T-cell receptors composed of CD3-associated alpha and beta polypeptide chains and expressed primarily in CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells. Unlike immunoglobulins, the alpha-beta T-cell receptors recognize antigens only when presented in association with major histocompatibility (MHC) molecules.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A membrane-bound or cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of CYCLIC ADP-RIBOSE (cADPR) from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). This enzyme generally catalyzes the hydrolysis of cADPR to ADP-RIBOSE, as well, and sometimes the synthesis of cyclic ADP-ribose 2' phosphate (2'-P-cADPR) from NADP.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
A technique of culturing mixed cell types in vitro to allow their synergistic or antagonistic interactions, such as on CELL DIFFERENTIATION or APOPTOSIS. Coculture can be of different types of cells, tissues, or organs from normal or disease states.
Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A group of genetically identical cells all descended from a single common ancestral cell by mitosis in eukaryotes or by binary fission in prokaryotes. Clone cells also include populations of recombinant DNA molecules all carrying the same inserted sequence. (From King & Stansfield, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.
A class of animal lectins that bind to carbohydrate in a calcium-dependent manner. They share a common carbohydrate-binding domain that is structurally distinct from other classes of lectins.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.
Mature LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES transported by the blood to the body's extravascular space. They are morphologically distinguishable from mature granulocytic leukocytes by their large, non-lobed nuclei and lack of coarse, heavily stained cytoplasmic granules.
Membrane antigens associated with maturation stages of B-lymphocytes, often expressed in tumors of B-cell origin.
Partial or total replacement of a joint.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
Replacement for a knee joint.
The specific failure of a normally responsive individual to make an immune response to a known antigen. It results from previous contact with the antigen by an immunologically immature individual (fetus or neonate) or by an adult exposed to extreme high-dose or low-dose antigen, or by exposure to radiation, antimetabolites, antilymphocytic serum, etc.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
A large family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS that are involved in regulation of actin organization, gene expression and cell cycle progression. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Immunosuppression by reduction of circulating lymphocytes or by T-cell depletion of bone marrow. The former may be accomplished in vivo by thoracic duct drainage or administration of antilymphocyte serum. The latter is performed ex vivo on bone marrow before its transplantation.
Specific molecular sites on the surface of various cells, including B-lymphocytes and macrophages, that combine with IMMUNOGLOBULIN Gs. Three subclasses exist: Fc gamma RI (the CD64 antigen, a low affinity receptor), Fc gamma RII (the CD32 antigen, a high affinity receptor), and Fc gamma RIII (the CD16 antigen, a low affinity receptor).
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.
Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A cytokine produced by a variety of cell types, including T-LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; and EPITHELIAL CELLS that exerts a variety of effects on immunoregulation and INFLAMMATION. Interleukin-10 combines with itself to form a homodimeric molecule that is the biologically active form of the protein.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses. They are usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls and may be isolated.
An inhibitory T CELL receptor that is closely related to CD28 ANTIGEN. It has specificity for CD80 ANTIGEN and CD86 ANTIGEN and acts as a negative regulator of peripheral T cell function. CTLA-4 antigen is believed to play role in inducing PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Cell adhesion molecule and CD antigen that serves as a homing receptor for lymphocytes to lymph node high endothelial venules.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Large, transmembrane, non-covalently linked glycoproteins (alpha and beta). Both chains can be polymorphic although there is more structural variation in the beta chains. The class II antigens in humans are called HLA-D ANTIGENS and are coded by a gene on chromosome 6. In mice, two genes named IA and IE on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens. The antigens are found on B-lymphocytes, macrophages, epidermal cells, and sperm and are thought to mediate the competence of and cellular cooperation in the immune response. The term IA antigens used to refer only to the proteins encoded by the IA genes in the mouse, but is now used as a generic term for any class II histocompatibility antigen.
A CELL LINE derived from human T-CELL LEUKEMIA and used to determine the mechanism of differential susceptibility to anti-cancer drugs and radiation.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
A classification of T-lymphocytes, especially into helper/inducer, suppressor/effector, and cytotoxic subsets, based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A lectin and cell adhesion molecule found in B-LYMPHOCYTES. It interacts with SIALIC ACIDS and mediates signaling from B-CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTORS.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that was originally discovered on cells of the lymphoid-myeloid lineage, including activated T-LYMPHOCYTES and NATURAL KILLER CELLS. It plays an important role in immune homeostasis and cell-mediated toxicity by binding to the FAS RECEPTOR and triggering APOPTOSIS.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.
A voltage-gated sodium channel beta subunit abundantly expressed in SKELETAL MUSCLE; HEART; and BRAIN. It non-covalently associates with voltage-gated alpha subunits. Defects in the SCN1B gene, which codes for this beta subunit, are associated with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, type 1, and Brugada syndrome 5.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
Cell surface molecules on cells of the immune system that specifically bind surface molecules or messenger molecules and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Although these receptors were first identified in the immune system, many have important functions elsewhere.
Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm backward or downward. When referring to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements in the tarsal and metatarsal joints (turning the foot up and in toward the midline of the body).
A pathological mechanical process that can lead to hip failure. It is caused by abnormalities of the ACETABULUM and/or FEMUR combined with rigorous hip motion, leading to repetitive collisions that damage the soft tissue structures.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
Reproducible depletion of CD4+ lymphocytes below 300 per cubic millimeter in the absence of HIV infection or other known causes of immunodeficiency. This is a rare, heterogeneous syndrome and does not appear to be caused by a transmissible agent.
The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
A calcium-dependent pore-forming protein synthesized in cytolytic LYMPHOCYTES and sequestered in secretory granules. Upon immunological reaction between a cytolytic lymphocyte and a target cell, perforin is released at the plasma membrane and polymerizes into transmembrane tubules (forming pores) which lead to death of a target cell.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Filaments 7-11 nm in diameter found in the cytoplasm of all cells. Many specific proteins belong to this group, e.g., desmin, vimentin, prekeratin, decamin, skeletin, neurofilin, neurofilament protein, and glial fibrillary acid protein.
A low affinity interleukin-7 receptor subunit that combines with the INTERLEUKIN RECEPTOR COMMON GAMMA SUBUNIT to form a high affinity receptor for INTERLEUKIN-7.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.
An adhesion-promoting leukocyte surface membrane heterodimer. The alpha subunit consists of the CD11b ANTIGEN and the beta subunit the CD18 ANTIGEN. The antigen, which is an integrin, functions both as a receptor for complement 3 and in cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesive interactions.
The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).
A subclass of HLA-D antigens that consist of alpha and beta chains. The inheritance of HLA-DR antigens differs from that of the HLA-DQ ANTIGENS and HLA-DP ANTIGENS.
A 67-kDa sialic acid binding lectin that is specific for MYELOID CELLS and MONOCYTE-MACROPHAGE PRECURSOR CELLS. This protein is the smallest siglec subtype and contains a single immunoglobulin C2-set domain. It may play a role in intracellular signaling via its interaction with SHP-1 PROTEIN-TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE and SHP-2 PROTEIN-TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Combinations of diagnostic or therapeutic substances linked with specific immune substances such as IMMUNOGLOBULINS; MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES; or ANTIGENS. Often the diagnostic or therapeutic substance is a radionuclide. These conjugates are useful tools for specific targeting of DRUGS and RADIOISOTOPES in the CHEMOTHERAPY and RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY of certain cancers.
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
Proteins, glycoprotein, or lipoprotein moieties on surfaces of tumor cells that are usually identified by monoclonal antibodies. Many of these are of either embryonic or viral origin.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.

Archive of mass spectral data files on recordable CD-ROMs and creation and maintenance of a searchable computerized database. (1/145)

A database containing names of mass spectral data files generated in a forensic toxicology laboratory and two Microsoft Visual Basic programs to maintain and search this database is described. The data files (approximately 0.5 KB/each) were collected from six mass spectrometers during routine casework. Data files were archived on 650 MB (74 min) recordable CD-ROMs. Each recordable CD-ROM was given a unique name, and its list of data file names was placed into the database. The present manuscript describes the use of search and maintenance programs for searching and routine upkeep of the database and creation of CD-ROMs for archiving of data files.  (+info)

Imagene: an integrated computer environment for sequence annotation and analysis. (2/145)

MOTIVATION: To be fully and efficiently exploited, data coming from sequencing projects together with specific sequence analysis tools need to be integrated within reliable data management systems. Systems designed to manage genome data and analysis tend to give a greater importance either to the data storage or to the methodological aspect, but lack a complete integration of both components. RESULTS: This paper presents a co-operative computer environment (called Imagenetrade mark) dedicated to genomic sequence analysis and annotation. Imagene has been developed by using an object-based model. Thanks to this representation, the user can directly manipulate familiar data objects through icons or lists. Imagene also incorporates a solving engine in order to manage analysis tasks. A global task is solved by successive divisions into smaller sub-tasks. During program execution, these sub-tasks are graphically displayed to the user and may be further re-started at any point after task completion. In this sense, Imagene is more transparent to the user than a traditional menu-driven package. Imagene also provides a user interface to display, on the same screen, the results produced by several tasks, together with the capability to annotate these results easily. In its current form, Imagene has been designed particularly for use in microbial sequencing projects. AVAILABILITY: Imagene best runs on SGI (Irix 6.3 or higher) workstations. It is distributed free of charge on a CD-ROM, but requires some Ilog licensed software to run. Some modules also require separate license agreements. Please contact the authors for specific academic conditions and other Unix platforms. CONTACT: imagene home page: http://wwwabi.snv.jussieu.fr/imagene  (+info)

CD-ROM use by rural physicians. (3/145)

A survey of 131 eastern Washington rural family physicians showed that 59.5% owned a personal computer with a CD-ROM drive. There was an inverse correlation between the physicians' years in practice and computer ownership: 10 years or less (80.6%), 11 to 20 years (72.2%), 21 to 30 years (55.6%), and more than 30 years (32.4%). Those physicians who owned a computer used their CD-ROM for entertainment (52.6%), medical textbooks (44.9%), literature searching software (25.6%), drug information (17.9%), continuing medical education (15.4%), and journals on CD-ROM (11.5%). Many rural doctors who owned computers felt that CD-ROM software helped them provide better patient care (46.8%) and kept them current on new information and techniques (48.4%). Indications for medical education, libraries and CD-ROM publishers are noted.  (+info)

Enhancing availability of the electronic image record for patients and caregivers during follow-up care. (4/145)

PURPOSE: To develop a personal computer (PC)-based software package that allows portability of the electronic imaging record. To create custom software that enhances the transfer of images in two fashions. Firstly, to an end user, whether physician or patient, provide a browser capable of viewing digital images on a conventional personal computer. Second, to provide the ability to transfer the archived Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) images to other institutional picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) through a transfer engine. METHOD/MATERIALS: Radiologic studies are provided on a CD-ROM. This CD-ROM contains a copy of the browser to view images, a DICOM-based engine to transfer images to the receiving institutional PACS, and copies of all pertinent imaging studies for the particular patient. The host computer system in an Intel based Pentium 90 MHz PC with Microsoft Windows 95 software (Microsoft Inc, Seattle, WA). The system has 48 MB of random access memory, a 3.0 GB hard disk, and a Smart and Friendly CD-R 2006 CD-ROM recorder (Smart and Friendly Inc, Chatsworth, CA). RESULTS: Each CD-ROM disc can hold 640 MB of data. In our experience, this houses anywhere from, based on Table 1, 12 to 30 computed tomography (CT) examinations, 24 to 80 magnetic resonance (MR) examinations, 60 to 128 ultrasound examinations, 32 to 64 computed radiographic examinations, 80 digitized x-rays, or five digitized mammography examinations. We have been able to successfully transfer DICOM images from one DICOM-based PACS to another DICOM-based PACS. This is accomplished by inserting the created CD-ROM onto a CD drive attached to the receiving PACS and running the transfer engine application. CONCLUSIONS: Providing copies of radiologic studies performed to the patient is a necessity in every radiology department. Conventionally, film libraries have provided copies to the patient generating issues of cost of loss of film, as well as mailing costs. This software package saves costs and loss of studies, as well as improving patient care by enabling the patient to maintain an archive of their electronic imaging record.  (+info)

Transparent image access in a distributed picture archiving and communications system: the Master Database broker. (5/145)

A distributed design is the most cost-effective system for small-to medium-scale picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) implementations. However, the design presents an interesting challenge to developers and implementers: to make stored image data, distributed throughout the PACS network, appear to be centralized with a single access point for users. A key component for the distributed system is a central or master database, containing all the studies that have been scanned into the PACS. Each study includes a list of one or more locations for that particular dataset so that applications can easily find it. Non-Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) clients, such as our worldwide web (WWW)-based PACS browser, query the master database directly to find the images, then jump to the most appropriate location via a distributed web-based viewing system. The Master Database Broker provides DICOM clients with the same functionality by translating DICOM queries to master database searches and distributing retrieval requests transparently to the appropriate source. The Broker also acts as a storage service class provider, allowing users to store selected image subsets and reformatted images with the original study, without having to know on which server the original data are stored.  (+info)

Interhospital network system using the worldwide web and the common gateway interface. (6/145)

We constructed an interhospital network system using the worldwide web (WWW) and the Common Gateway Interface (CGI). Original clinical images are digitized and stored as a database for educational and research purposes. Personal computers (PCs) are available for data treatment and browsing. Our system is simple, as digitized images are stored into a Unix server machine. Images of important and interesting clinical cases are selected and registered into the image database using CGI. The main image format is 8- or 12-bit Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) image. Original clinical images are finally stored in CD-ROM using a CD recorder. The image viewer can browse all of the images for one case at once as thumbnail pictures; image quality can be selected depending on the user's purpose. Using the network system, clinical images of interesting cases can be rapidly transmitted and discussed with other related hospitals. Data transmission from relational hospitals takes 1 to 2 minutes per 500 Kbyte of data. More distant hospitals (e.g., Rakusai Hospital, Kyoto) takes 1 minute more. The mean number of accesses our image database in a recent 3-month period was 470. There is a total about 200 cases in our image database, acquired over the past 2 years. Our system is useful for communication and image treatment between hospitals and we will describe the elements of our system and image database.  (+info)

The hospital library online--a point of service for consumers and hospital staff: a case study. (7/145)

The Health Library at Stanford University is described in the context of electronic information services provided to Stanford University Medical Center, the local community, and Internet users in general. The evolution from CD-ROM-based services to Web-based services and in-library services to networked resources are described. Electronic services have expanded the mission of The Health Library to include national and international users and the provision of unique services and collections.  (+info)

Language barriers and bibliographic retrieval effectiveness: use of MEDLINE by French-speaking end users. (8/145)

OBJECTIVE: A study was conducted to determine if bibliographic retrieval performed by French-speaking end users is impaired by English language interfaces. The American database MEDLINE on CD-ROM was used as a model. METHODS: A survey of self-administered questionnaires was performed at two libraries of Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 University, during a two-month period in 1997. Three study groups were constituted: MEDLINE / Ovid end users, MEDLINE / Ovid librarian-mediated users, and Pascal, a French bibliographic database, end users. RESULTS: Among 191 respondents, only 22% thought English was an obstacle to their bibliographic retrieval. However, the research software was generally underused and the quality of the retrieval weak. The differences were statistically significant between users trained by librarians and the self-trained group, the former performing better. CONCLUSION: Special efforts need to be made to develop curriculum training programs for computerized bibliographic retrieval in medical schools, regardless of the native language of the student.  (+info)

The Lippincott Interactive Anesthesia Library on CD-ROM Version 3.0 : The Lippincott Interactive Anesthesia Library on CD-ROM Version 3.0 Pub Da
The management of media was offloaded from the individual device or program to RSM to facilitate sharing devices and media between programs and users. RSM can handle large tape libraries or CD-ROM jukeboxes, and keeps track of device status, media requests from programs, and media usage.. Unfortunately, these types of stand-alone CD-ROM changers do not lend themselves well to being managed in this way and require manual mounting and dismounting of discs into the single drive letter displayed in My Computer or Windows Explorer before you can use the disc.. If the CD-ROM changer hardware you have installed is fully supported by Windows 2000, each disc that is in the CD-ROM changer is mounted, read, and cataloged under the Import media pool.. If the installed CD-ROM changer device is not on the Windows 2000 Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) or is not detected as a changer device, you see only a single disc under the Import media pool, even if you have multiple discs physically loaded in the CD-ROM ...
Brian Osborne writes: ,Ive heard that Medline articles/references have been released by ,the National Library of Medicine on CD-ROM. Bill Kupiec writes: ,Its true. ,NCBI has developed an end-user CD-ROM called Entrez:Sequences that contains an ,integrated view of DNA and protein sequence data and their associated MEDLINE ,entries. I hope everyone understands that the Medline references on Entrez are a *VERY* small subset of Medline; specifically references that have something to do with DNA or proteins sequences. One (1) year of the complete Medline will fill a CD all by itself. I know of no free or even inexpensive way of getting Medline on (multiple) CDs. There are commercial sources (which I havent kept the references for) but they are quite expensive (4 figures). -David Steffen- -- David Steffen Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX 77030 Telephone = (713) 798-6655, FAX = (713) 790-0545 Internet = steffen at bcm.tmc.edu ...
This thesis, in conjunction with the accompanying CD-ROM, are intended to be used by small public water system operators, owners, regulators, and engineers as an educational tool for future compliance with a lowered Arsenic Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). The CD-ROM is the third in a series of water treatment technology CDs that were created by a collaboration of Dr. R. Bruce Robinson, the University of Tennessee, and Dr. M. Robin Collins, the Water Treatment Technology Center, the University of New Hampshire. The CD-ROM includes multimedia tools such as video and photos, which will aid in the understanding of the included descriptive text of processes and operations involved in the removal of arsenic. The thesis includes a literature review on arsenic removal from drinking water systems and a discussion on the process and methodology that was undertaken to create the CD-ROM. iv ...
Cytology and Molecular Biology, Interactive CD-ROM | Biology Software | In cytology and molecular biology, cell nuclei and chromosomes are conspicuous structures. Their role in cellular activity, their function and importance in heredity and cell division, as well as aspects of molecular biology will all be discussed. Th
Buy Real World Community Health Nursing, an Interactive Cd-Rom by Patty J. Hale online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 0 edition - starting at $5.55. Shop now.
Use these 40, one-page, picture-supported social lessons to help students learn the social and work-related skills they need for job success. With these lessons, students will learn what to say and do in work-related social situations, increase their independence within the community, and help you reduce behavioral problems. 62 pages. Grade 7-Adult. Book is also available on a printable CD-ROM.
The Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System Version 2.0 (CAPS 2) is an update to CAPS Version 1.0, and is the second five-year compilation of permafrost and frozen ground-related data and information products with a global perspective. CAPS 2 was compiled by the International Permafrost Associations (IPA) Standing Committee on Data, Information, and Communication (SCDIC) and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), and was published online and on CD-ROM in 2003.. CAPS is a major component of the IPAs Global Geocryological Data (GGD) system, an internationally distributed system of linked data centers or nodes. NSIDC and the International Arctic Research Center (IARC) developed the Frozen Ground Data Center (FGDC) as a central node in the GGD system. The CAPS 2 CD-ROM is intended to be a snapshot of FGDC data and metadata holdings as of spring 2003.. Prior to 2008, the data were available on CD-ROM. However, currently, the data are only available via FTP from the FGDC Web site. ...
The Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System Version 2.0 (CAPS 2) is an update to CAPS Version 1.0, and is the second five-year compilation of permafrost and frozen ground-related data and information products with a global perspective. CAPS 2 was compiled by the International Permafrost Associations (IPA) Standing Committee on Data, Information, and Communication (SCDIC) and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), and was published online and on CD-ROM in 2003.. CAPS is a major component of the IPAs Global Geocryological Data (GGD) system, an internationally distributed system of linked data centers or nodes. NSIDC and the International Arctic Research Center (IARC) developed the Frozen Ground Data Center (FGDC) as a central node in the GGD system. The CAPS 2 CD-ROM is intended to be a snapshot of FGDC data and metadata holdings as of spring 2003.. Prior to 2008, the data were available on CD-ROM. However, currently, the data are only available via FTP from the FGDC Web site. ...
This CD-ROM provides comprehensive information on the diagnosis and treatment of TB as well as case management in an international setting. It also discusses the tuberculin skin test, other diagnostic tests, and directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS) (Center for Human Services, 2000).. Available from Quality Assurance Project, 7200 Wisconsin Ave, Ste 600, Bethesda, MD 20814; tel. no. 301-654-8338; website www.qaproject.org. TB Case Management CD-ROM Developed in Spanish for ...
Gestational Age Evaluation (CD-ROM) book download NurseEd Media Download Gestational Age Evaluation (CD-ROM) Reviews by Our Customers Under the. Gestational Age Evaluation
The objective of Guarding Against Tuberculosis in Healthcare Facilities Interactive CD-ROM Course is to assist facilities and operations whose employees have a risk of exposure to tuberculosis... and that therefore must conduct employee training as specified in the CDC Guidelines.
The basic format for reference to an Internet-based book is as follows. Note: If the reference is to the entire book, the information about chapter title and inclusive pages is not included.Author(s). Chapter title. In: Editor(s). Book Title. [Edition number, if it is the second edition or above; mention of first edition is not necessary] ed. City, State (or country) of publisher: Publishers name; copyright year:inclusive pages. URL: [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to the time of publication]. Accessed [date]. 1. Resnick NM. Geriatric medicine. In: Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Isselbacher
The basic format for reference to an Internet-based book is as follows. Note: If the reference is to the entire book, the information about chapter title and inclusive pages is not included.Author(s). Chapter title. In: Editor(s). Book Title. [Edition number, if it is the second edition or above; mention of first edition is not necessary] ed. City, State (or country) of publisher: Publishers name; copyright year:inclusive pages. URL: [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to the time of publication]. Accessed [date]. 1. Resnick NM. Geriatric medicine. In: Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Isselbacher
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4259-3671 ...
Librería especializada. Libros de medicina e informática agrupados por autores, editoriales y materias. Tienda online. Venta de libros y envío a casa
The CD-ROM is suitable for practicing orthopaedists, residents and students. It makes a great teaching tool, Dr. Jimenez said, adding that funding for the CD-ROM was provided in part by an educational grant from Zimmer. The AAOS Diversity Committee will also sponsor a symposium on cultural diversity on Wednesday, February 23, from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at the Washington Convention Center, Room 204. Cultural Competency: Enhancing your Communications will present corroborative material to the CD-ROM, so members who attend the program and complete the CD-ROM will receive optimum educational information, Dr. Jimenez said. Both the CD-ROM and the symposium cover the material in an enjoyable manner, he said. Theyre provocative and inspire you to think about cultural issues related to patient care.. Dr. Jimenez said that the topic of patient diversity has gotten a lot of attention in the past few years, although some medical specialists still dont understand the importance of learning better ...
A novel B tree data structure is taught and implemented for use in conjunction with a tertiary storage system. The tertiary storage system utilizes three levels of memory hierarchy: primary memory, such as RAM; read-write secondary storage, such as disk memory; and lower speed, and less expensive mass storage, for example a CD-ROM. A novel B tree is utilized to access data stored in two or more types of memory, such as a CD-ROM memory and a disk drive memory, and adapts for the provision of updated data stored on the hard disk which either replaces or supplements data stored on the CD-ROM. The B tree includes, for each data bucket, a pointer for both a CD-ROM and a disk drive location, and are, in certain embodiments, used in conjunction with a bit mask to indicate the presence of valid data in a first one of the memories, such as CD-ROM, and, if desired, a bloom filter associated with data stored in the second memory type, such as a magnetic disk, in order to speed accesses. The B tree of this
the CD-ROM drive, compared with the magnetic hard disk .... first set was created entirely by computer modeling and im- .... Book and is a standard for Philips CD-i , Compact Disc ... ISO9660 strictly maintains the 8/3 DOS naming conven- ..... T... ...
The advances of medicine in the past two decades have been very rapid and exciting and hand in hand with this has gone advances in audiovisual aids and teaching. The technology that has brought the computer into most households has been truly amazing particularly for those of us who lived before the birth of the computer. This has led to a revolution in information technology and inter-communication. The world now seems a very small place, the Internet and the World Wide Web has ensured that this is the case but it has also led to the instant availability of a vast sea of knowledge about all aspects of life.. There are now new horizons in audio-visual technology and these can be utilised to teach both undergraduates and postgraduates. There are some that would say that the old fashioned apprenticeship is the gold standard in surgery but this CD-ROM by Blevins, Jackler, and Gralapp is an attempt to use computer technology to teach young surgeons the anatomy of the temporal bone and temporal bone ...
Announcing the availability of the Plant Genome Database CD-ROM, a compilation of plant genome databases, which have been dumped as text from their ACEDB versions and marked up with hypertext links. The data are browsable from the Sun UNIX X-Windows, PC Windows, and Mac Mosaic hypertext browsers. In addition, the genome data have been indexed to allow full-text Boolean searching for Mac, Sun, Windows, and DOS. Where images exist, they have been linked to their respective databases. Databases include information on: Arabidopsis, soybean, Chlamydomonas, small grains (wheat, barley, etc.), maize, rice, tomato, potato, pepper, and forest trees. Also included, are various related documents: newsletters for Arabidopsis (Weeds World), forest trees (Dendrome), rice (The Rice Genetics Newsletter), and tomato (Report of the Tomato Genetic Cooperative); plant genome thesauri for cytogenetics, morphology, and references; a controlled genetic vocabulary; and a listing of the Agricultural Genome curators. The ...
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Title:2010 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer-Aided Industrial Design & Conceptual Design (CAIDCD 2010) Desc:Proceedings of a meeting held 17-19 November 2010, Yiwu, China. Prod#:CFP1049B-CDR ISBN:9781424479726 Pages:0 Format:CD-ROM Notes: Authorized distributor of all IEEE proceedings Publ:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ) POD Publ:Curran Associates, Inc. ( Feb 2011 )
Download complete set (19 slides) in CDR format (Corel Draw v5.0) - (689,740 bytes) NOTE: To view a larger version of each slide, click on .GIF. To download files to your local drive right click on the link with your mouse, and then choose Save As. In the pop up menu that follows, navigate to the location where you would like to place the file, and click Save. To see the narrative for a slide, to enlarge an image, or to navigate the presentation on the CD-ROM, click on any image ...
76-page reproducible /CD-ROM printable book with multi-level worksheet activities for improving movement and balance (vestibular); movement and resistance (proprioception); oral-motor; tactile; and visual-auditory-olfactory skills. Improves childs focus, concentration, coordination, and organization. Companion to Super Duper Sensory Diet Cards. Print color or back/white pages. PreK and Up.
Chem Sources-CD-ROM Demo Sample Data Print this page before downloading the Chem Sources CD-ROM Demo [Back to Download Page] ...
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The objective of HAZWOPER Emergency Response: HAZMAT Technician CD-ROM Package is to assist facilities in complying with the employee training requirements of OSHAs HAZWOPER regulation (29 CFR 1910.120), and to help employees avoid exposure to hazardous materials.
Discuss Fatal Illusion: CD-ROM at Mystery Net Community. Mystery Net Community: Discuss online mysteries, games, books, and socialize
Discuss Fatal Illusion: CD-ROM at Mystery Net Community. Mystery Net Community: Discuss online mysteries, games, books, and socialize
Szaporodás és szexuális felvilágosítás, interaktív CD-ROM | Biológiai software | Reproduction serves for the preservation of the species. The number of germ cells must balance losses caused by environmental factors (predators, climate, catastrophes), so that the number of reproductive individuals remains constant within certain p
Carotid Duplex Ultrasonography: Extracranial and Intracranial (CD-ROM for Windows & Macintosh) de Michael Jeff; Serge Kownator; Francois Luizy; Michael R. Jaff en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 0879934832 - ISBN 13: 9780879934835 - Wiley-Blackwell - 2001
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Ce CD-Rom compile tous les textes politiques du Comité des Ministres de 1989 à septembre 1999. Les textes saccompagnent dun index thémathique.
Buy Photoatlas for Microbiology - CD-ROM and Microbiology Slides (9780895823427) (9780895823434): NHBS - Michael J Leboffe, Morton Publishing
Finden Sie alle Bücher von Sanner, Martha Depecol; Hooper, Christine - Interactive Physiology: Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid/Base Balance (CD-ROM for Windows and Macintosh). Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 9780805360936
Choices, the alcohol and substance abuse prevention program at WCSUs goal is to offer a presence on campus that encourages the confidence of students who may be on paths to the downside of todays substance-abuse statistics.
A storage system older than mankind?. So, yeah, take a look at this. I have, in my office, several copies of the works of Shakespeare, in different formats. Facsimile editions of early issues, the Riverside edition, some other things… one on CD-ROM, and (a gift from someone who knows me very well) a wonderful miniature Romeo and Juliet about the size of a matchbox. At my undergrad college, there was a set of Shakespeare in the general collection stacks of the library that was a limited edition printing, with gilt-edged pages and hand-printed illustrations-I wanted to steal it to keep it safe from people who wanted to… erm… steal it. (I didnt. I hope it is still there.). Whether you store your Shakespeare in paper form or in ones and zeroes on a flash device, hard drive, or CD-ROM, your choice of medium has a lifespan. It will decay. Electronic storage that continually checks for errors can be, in the long long long term, expensive. At least expensive enough that researchers are willing to ...
Over 650 technical papers have been submitted for the 2001 Conference. Each was carefully reviewed by three referees. Twenty-five papers were accepted for oral presentation, and 171 papers were accepted for poster presentation. All accepted papers will appear in the Proceedings, which will be available online, on CD-ROM, and as a book from MIT Press. The CD-ROM version will be distributed to everyone who registers for the Conference. The MIT Press book must be ordered separately on the registration form on page 9 of the brochure ...
How will they take your car keys when youre an elderly driver? The issue has been in the news the past few days, due to the release of AAA Roadwise Review, a CD-ROM by the American Auto Association: The AAA Roadwise Review: a Tool to Help Seniors Drive Safely Longer is an easy-to-use, scientifically validated screening tool available on CD-ROM....
This extensively revised second edition is the only data handbook available on the engineering properties of commercial polymeric films details many physical, mechanical, optical, electrical, and permeation properties within the context of specific test parameters, providing a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families.
Techniques to augment a CD-ROM-based installation with the services and behaviors provided by a JumpStart server are detailed in this article.
Kodi Archive and Support File Vintage Software APK Community Software MS-DOS CD-ROM Software CD-ROM Software Library. Console Living Room. Software Sites Software Capsules Compilation Tucows Software Library CD-ROM Images Shareware CD-ROMs ZX Spectrum DOOM Level CD. Featured ...
These are your standard images of a CD, and are used quite alot these days. To open them you have a couple options. You can burn them using Nero (Trial Version) or Alcohol 120%, but this proves to be soooooooo problematic for a lot of people. You should also consult this tutorial for burning images with various software programs You can also use Daemon Tools, which lets you mount the image to a virtual cd-rom, so basically it tricks your computer into thinking that you have another cd-rom and that youre putting a cd with your image file on it into this virtual cd-rom, its great cuz youll never make a bad cd again, Alcohol 120% also sports a virtual cd-rom feature. Finally, if youre still struggling to access the files contained within any given image file you can use CDMage to extract the files and then burn them, or just access them from your hard drive. You can also use VCDGear to extract the mpeg contents of a SVCD or VCD image file such as bin/cue ...
The Dollars and Cents IntelliKeys Bundle is a money management tutorial program and keytop overlay set designed for use with children and adults with physical and cognitive disabilities. The set includes the First Money, Spending Money, and Making Change programs (see separate entry) from Attainment Company on a Macintosh/Windows CD-ROM and the appropriate IntelliKeys (see separate entry) overlays. COMPATIBILITY: For use on Macintosh or IBM and compatible computers. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS: The Macintosh version requires a 040 processor or better, System 7 or higher, 8 megabytes (MB) RAM, a CD-ROM drive, and a color monitor. The Windows version requires Windows95, a 486 or better processor, CD-ROM drive, 16 MB RAM, a Sound Blaster compatible sound card, and a SVGA monitor.. ...
Pharmaceutical care of people with coronary heart disease 3rd Floor, 2 Central Quay 89 Hydepark Street Glasgow G3 8BW Tel: 0141 223 1600 Fax: 0141 223 1651 www.nes.scot.nhs.uk/pharmacy Course information Pharmaceutical care of people with coronary heart disease Course information 2 3 7 8 9 14 20 22 23 Contents of pack Introduction Teaching plan Pharmaceutical care needs assessment tool Aide memoire The Pharmacetical Journal, Heart disease series (2 articles) Example patient information leaflet What is Angina Key messages for patients Lecture: Coronary heart disease Contents of pack Your pack contains:       Pharmaceutical care of people with coronary heart disease - course information Pharmaceutical care of people with coronary heart disease - course activities Set of pharmaceutical care needs assessment tools GTN spray/tablets leaflet (5x) Plan & record form Freepost envelope CD-ROM Video presentation  CD-ROM Insert the CD-ROM in your computer and wait a little while. The ...
The 2005 Ethics Lab 2 CD-ROM contains a challenging case and commentary from ministry leaders. It is intended to stimulate discourse about mission decision-making among leadership teams, boards of trustees, ethics committees, sponsors and other leadership staff in Catholic health care organizations.. The CD-ROM contains scenarios for three rounds of ethical discussion and decision-making that brings to the fore the fact that business choices demand that mission due diligence must go hand-in-hand with financial, legal and ethical due diligence. For each round, the CD delivers video scenarios, questions for discussion and video commentary from ethicists and other ministry leaders.. Much of the content on this CD-ROM was featured at the Ethics Lab 2 session held during the 90th Catholic Health Assembly, Mission: An Enduring Sign of Our Faith, June 5-8, 2005, in San Diego.. Minimum System Requirements: ...
Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NAVLE. P. Schenck. St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier. 2010. Book is organized into five sections: General Disciplines in Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal, Equine, Food Animal, and Exotics. Accompanying CD contains 1,600 quiz questions and a 360-question practice exam. Note: the book and accompanying CD-ROM have a 3-day loan period, which is not indicated in the catalog record.. Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NAVLE Interactive Exam Practice CD-ROM. P. Schenck. St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier. 2010. Includes more than 6,400 review questions and has a built-in scoring function. Test takers can review questions by topic/species or as a sample, time-limited test. Note: the CD-ROM has a 3-day loan period, which is not indicated in the catalog record.. Veterinary Board Exam Review Flash Cards. E. Côté et al., editors. [S.l.]: Veterinary Board Games. The 2008 set is volume 1 only. The 2010 set includes volumes 1 through 3--all 1800 cards. Note: the cards ...
UDK 658. 216. Majanduspoliitika aktuaalsed küsimused. - Tallinn : Mattimar ; Berlin : Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2011. - 115 lk. : ill., portr. - (Eesti majanduspoliitilised väitlused : artiklid (CD-ROM) ; Kokkuvõtted ; Kroonika = Estnische Gespräche über Wirtschaftspolitik : Beiträge (CD-ROM) ; Zusammenfassungen ; Chronik = Discussions on Estonian economic policy : articles (CD-ROM) ; Summaries ; Chronicle, ISSN 1736-5597 ; 19 (2)/2011 ...
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Introduction Compact disc200 is a sort I actually transmembrane glycoprotein that may regulate the activation threshold of inflammatory defense replies polarize cytokine creation and maintain immune system homeostasis. simply because by dimension of phagocytosis and binding of apoptotic cells. LEADS TO SLE patients the amount of Compact disc200+ cells and the amount of soluble Compact disc200 were considerably greater than in healthful TPEN handles whereas the appearance of Compact disc200R1 by BTF2 Compact disc4+ T cells and DCs was reduced. Furthermore the increased CD200 expression by early apoptotic cells added with their diminished phagocytosis and binding by DCs in SLE. Significantly the engagement of Compact disc200 receptor on Compact disc4+ T cells with Compact disc200-Fc fusion proteins in vitro decreased the differentiation of T-helper type 17 cells and reversed the faulty induction of Compact disc4+Compact disc25highFoxP3+ T cells by changing growth aspect beta in SLE sufferers. ...
A compact disc storage and retrieval system is arranged to selectively push forward a single, selected compact disc from within a plurality of compact disc storage slots located within a case. Each compact disc storage slot is provided with a spring loaded push rod which, when actuated, pushes a selected compact disc or compact disc case partially out of an ejection opening. Each push rod passes through an aperture in a longitudinal partition extending the length of the compact disc filer case. A coil spring is disposed about the push rod between the partition and the compact disc or compact disc case. Each push rod is provided with an annular detent channel about its outer circumference. In the normal position in which each compact disc is stored, the coil spring is compressed and a solenoid associated therewith has a latching fork that engages the detent channel in the push rod to hold it in the retracted position with the push rod spring depressed. Upon receipt of an electronic signal the solenoid
Activated Compact disc4+ T cells undergo growth and blastogenesis and they exhibit many surface area receptors, including 2-microglobulin-free individual leucocyte antigen (HLA) large stores (open up conformers). IVIg and the anti-HLA-E mAbs was dose-dependent, the dosage needed with mAbs 50C150-flip lower than with IVIg. TFL-006 and TFL-007 covered up blastogenesis and growth of turned on Compact disc4+ Testosterone levels cells considerably, but the non-IVIg-mimicking mAbs nor control antibodies did so neither. The reductions might be mediated by Fab-binding of TFL-006/TFL-007 to the exposed shared peptides. The mAb UK-427857 presenting to the open up conformer may sign Testosterone levels cell deactivation because the open up conformers possess an elongated cytoplasmic end with phosphorylation sites (tryosine320/serine335). growth of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-turned on Compact disc4+ and Compact disc8+ Testosterone levels lymphocytes by anti-human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-Age monoclonal ...
Paired receptors about NK cells recognize identical ligands with different strength of binding ability and perform different functions. induce Compact disc300c expression exclusively on Compact disc56bcorrect NK cells significantly. Compact disc300c up-regulation needs STAT5 and its own expression can be inhibited by IL-4. Regularly IL-2 secreted from activated CD4+ T cells induces the expression of CD300c about CD56bbest NK cells particularly. Crosslinking Compact disc300c with a particular antibody enhances the skills of Compact disc56bcorrect NK cells to degranulate and induce chemokine and cytokine secretion. We also display the differential binding of Compact disc300a and Compact disc300c with their ligands phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylserine (PS) and their differential capability to affect Compact disc56bcorrect NK cell features. Our results offer an insight in to the novel group of combined receptors Compact disc300a and Compact disc300c that are distinctively indicated ...
Supplementary MaterialsData_Sheet_1. in these sufferers. Weve noticed a rise of Compact disc300a expression in both Compact disc38+Compact disc4+ and PD1+Compact disc4+ T cells from HIV-1 contaminated people. Oddly enough, a triple positive (Compact disc300a+PD1+Compact disc38+) subset was extended in na?ve HIV-1 contaminated patients, although it was extremely rare in healthy sufferers and donors on cART. Finally, we discovered a negative relationship of Compact disc300a appearance on Compact disc4+ T lymphocytes plus some markers connected with HIV-1 disease development. Thus, our outcomes present that HIV-1 an infection has an influence in the legislation of Compact disc300a inhibitory receptor appearance levels, and additional research will shed light in to the role of the cell surface area receptor in the pathogenesis of HIV an infection. and (41). Hence, maybe its possible that the bigger IL-12 production, amongst others, during HIV infection acute/early, may induce the upregulation of ...
Compact disc166 identifies murine and individual long lasting repopulating stem cells. inhibition decreased Compact disc166 phrase, recommending that both Compact disc166 and STAT3 might end up being coupled and included in HSC proficiency functionally. These research demonstrate the significance of Compact disc166 in the engraftment and id of HSC and in HSC-niche connections, and recommend that Compact disc166 phrase can end up being modulated to improve HSC function. Launch How hematopoietic come cell (HSC)Chematopoietic market (HN) relationships maintain HSC function continues to be unfamiliar. Many guns on HSC possess a ligand on cells of the HN. Nevertheless, these guns are neither necessary for HSC function nor are they generally indicated on HSC across varieties, or on cells of the HN. A part for osteoblasts (OB) in keeping HSC is usually well-documented.1-3 We previously showed that even more premature OB 880549-30-4 manufacture with high Runx2 expression maintain hematopoietic ...
9789381075050, Textbook on Clinical Research: A Guide for Aspiring Professionals and Professionals With CD-ROM, Pharma Med Press, The book provides the basic concepts of clinical research relating to clinical trials, bioavailability and bioequivalence stu
Raamat: Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain: Includes a Bonus Primal Anatomy CD-ROM Fifth, International Edition - Florence Peterson Kendall, Elizabeth Kendall McCreary, Patricia Geise Provance, Mary Rodgers, William Romani - ISBN: 9781451104318. Offers coverage of manual muscle testing, plus evaluation and treatment of faulty and painful postural conditions. This title features a section on post-polio syndrome, additional case studies comparing Guillain-Barre to polio muscle tests, a full-color design, and a first-of-its-kind chart of ...
Complementing APLS, The Pediatric Emergency Medicine Resource, 5th Ed., the APLS Instructors ToolKit CD-ROM, is a teaching-and-learning system that is everything you need to teach an APLS course or teach pediatric EM to any physician audience.
The Heart of Empire CD-Rom: copyright by Bryan Talbot and James Robertson: no part of this CD may be copied, distributed, re-used, or stored in any format without the express, written, advance permission of Bryan Talbot and James Robertson: this work is copyright by Bryan Talbot and James Robertson: 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003: All rights reserved.
Background The ex vivo generation of individual hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with long lasting repopulating capacity and multi-lineage difference potential represents the holy grail of hematopoiesis research. Outcomes By using Compact disc43, we had been capable to measure hematopoietic induction performance during hiPSC-derived EB difference. Further, we driven Compact disc43+ cells as the cell people of beginning for in vitro erythropoiesis. Furthermore, nest development demonstrates that the multipotent hematopoietic control and progenitor cell small percentage is normally particulary overflowing in the Compact disc43hi Compact disc45+ people. (Compact disc43), and (Compact disc41) during EB difference (fig. 2H,I). Fig. 3 Hematopoietic difference potential of different Compact disc43 showing cell subsets. Reflection of Compact disc43 and Compact disc34 was evaluated by stream cytometry (A; d = 6; suggest SD). Compact disc43-, Compact disc43low and Compact Diphenidol HCl IC50 disc43hi cells ...
Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program CSAPP began in 1995 and aims to reduce the incidence and impact of child sexual abuse among Australian children.
Get those CLEP college credits you deserve! Our CLEP test experts show you the way to master the exam and get the score that gets you college credit. This newly revised edition of the CLEP History of the United States I comes complete with 3 full-length practice exams and 2 computerized exams on CD-ROM. Each exam question is answered in thorough detail. The books review covers from the Colonial Period to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Follow up your study with our proven tips and strategies. DETAILS - The definitive, easy-to-understand test prep for anyone seeking college credit with CLEP - Comprehensive review of every topic on the exam - 3 full-length practice exams. All answers are fully detailed with easy-to-follow, easy-to-grasp explanations. - Flexible, smart study guidelines - Packed with test tips & strategies to help you master the test - CD-ROM containing 2 computerized practice exams SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS Pentium 75 MHz; Windows 95 & up; 64MB RAM; 100MB hard-disk space
This review provides a clear overview of the state-of-the-art of flame retardancy for plastics. It highlights the new developments and the potential problems with legislation, together with the benefits to end users of protection from fire hazards. This review is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers and books in the Rapra Polymer Library database, to facilitate further reading on this subject. A subject index and a company index are included.
Innate immune system recognition is crucial for the induction of adaptive immune system responses; nevertheless the underlying systems stay understood incompletely. that IL-6 cooperates with IL-1β to stop the suppressive aftereffect of Tregs on Compact disc4+ T cells at least partly by managing their responsiveness to IL-2. Furthermore although IL-6Rα-lacking T cells support normal TC-DAPK6 principal Th1 replies in the lack of Tregs they neglect to mature into useful storage cells demonstrating an integral function for IL-6 in Compact disc4+ T cell storage development. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01949.001 with mice expressing the Cre recombinase beneath the control of the Compact disc4 promoter (hereafter called IL-6RαT-KO mice). Because the Cre-encoding transgene is normally expressed on the dual positive stage in thymic advancement both Compact disc4+ and Compact disc8+ T cells in the periphery of IL-6RαT-KO mice didnt exhibit the IL-6Rα (Amount 1A). Significantly both Compact ...
Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary Info. myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) within the spleen, blood and lung. Furthermore, the cryo-thermal therapy improved the cytolytic function of Compact disc8+ T cells and induced differentiation of Compact disc8+ T cells into memory space stem T cell (TSCM), and differentiation of Compact disc4+ T cells into dominating Compact disc4-CTL, Tfh and Th1 subsets within the spleen for 3 months following the treatment. It was discovered that great therapeutic impact was mainly reliant on Compact disc4+ T cells offering a durable memory space antitumor immune system response. At the same time, significant increase of serum IFN-was noticed to supply a perfect L,L-Dityrosine microenvironment of antitumor immunity also. Further research showed how the rejection of re-challenge of B16F10 however, not GL261 tumor within the treated mice in 45 or 60 times following the treatment, implied a solid melanoma-specific and systemic memory space antitumor immunity ...
additional source de Kluijver, M. J.; Ingalsuo, S. S.; de Bruyne, R. H. (2000). Macrobenthos of the North Sea [CD-ROM]: 1. Keys to Mollusca and Brachiopoda. World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series. Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification (ETI): Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 3-540-14706-3. 1 cd-rom. (look up in IMIS) [details] ...
Group 1 Compact disc1 substances, Compact disc1a, CD1c and CD1b, present lipid antigens from (Mtb) to Capital t cells. acids, which make the bacterias much less vulnerable to antibiotics. These substances also help the bacterias to subvert and after that conceal from the immune system program. The frequency of the disease and the raising issue of antibiotic level of resistance possess sparked the search for an effective vaccine against tuberculosis. While many attempts possess concentrated on using proteins pieces in tuberculosis vaccines, some proof suggests that human being immune system cells can understand fatty substances such as mycolic acids and that these cells could help manage and control attacks. Nevertheless, it provides been tough to determine whether these resistant cells sincerely buy 1208315-24-5 play a defensive function against the disease because most vaccine analysis uses mouse versions and rodents perform not really have got an similar of these resistant cells. Today, Zhao ...
A holder for temporarily storing and displaying compact discs has a front, a back and a disc-receiving base sloping downward from the back to the front. The disc-receiving base has molded pockets or slots for receiving and vertically supporting the compact discs. Each pocket has a lead-in for quick drop-off of a disc and for guiding it to a trough at the bottom. The trough contacts the flat sides of the disc but does not touch the information containing regions on the programmed side. Three bumps extend inward from the walls of the trough for orienting the disc at a rearward leaning angle to enhance visual identification and to prevent the discs from tilting forward and becoming dislodged. Effective disc orientation is achieved by providing a straight slot, with no bumps, that is molded at the desired angle of disc tilt or inclination. The pockets have openings that are wider than the thicknesses of standard compact discs. The pockets are arranged in staggered rows to offset the discs and to allow for
To dissect the impact of FcRIIB and Compact disc21/Compact disc35 in antigen retention and humoral storage, we used an adoptive transfer model where antigen-primed B and T lymphocytes received to sublethally irradiated wild-type mice or mice deficient in Compact disc21/Compact disc35 (Cr2?/?) or FcRIIB receptors (FcRIIB?/?). appearance of FcRIIB and supplement receptors on FDC stroma and B lymphocytes. To check the need for FcRIIB and Compact disc21/Compact disc35 in harboring antigen for long-term memory space, NP-specific memory space B lymphocytes, KLH-primed T lymphocytes, and antigen (NP-KLH) had been moved into sublethally irradiated receiver mice lacking in Compact disc21/Compact disc35 (Cr2?/?) or FcRIIB (FcRIIB?/?), aswell as WT settings. Therefore, chimeric mice possess normal go with and FcRIIB-sufficient B lymphocytes but their stromal cells and radioresistant myeloid cells are receptor lacking. To regulate for endogenous reactions, parallel models of receiver mice had been treated ...
Objectives and Background Previously, various methodologies were used to enumerate the endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). and correlations between these noticeable adjustments had been analyzed. Outcomes The true amount of CFU-ECs did not correlate with the amount of ECFCs and CACs. Also, ECFCs and CACs showed separate habits. Nevertheless, the amount of CACs demonstrated a solid relationship with the amount of Compact disc133+Compact disc309+ cells (g=0.001) and a moderate relationship with the amount of Compact disc34+Compact disc309+ cells (g=0.042). Also, the amount of ECFCs was related with the amount of Compact disc309+Compact disc45- cells (g=0.029) and Compact disc34+Compact disc45- cells (s=0.03). Bottom line Our research demonstrated that the three typically utilized strategies for quantifying EPC subsets represent different cells with unbiased habits. Also, any research that sized the amount of EPCs using the 173220-07-0 manufacture stream cytometry technique with a 173220-07-0 ...
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) may be the most intense breasts cancer tumor subtype, and it exhibits resistance to common breasts cancer tumor therapies. (LAG-3) in Compact disc4+ T cell subsets. We also discovered that the co-blockade of PD-1 and PD-L1 additional upregulates the co-expression of TIM-3 and LAG-3 on Compact disc4+Compact disc25+ T cells and Compact disc4+CD25+FoxP3+Helios+ Tregs in the presence of TNBC cells, but not in non-TNBC cells. Our results indicate the emergence of compensatory inhibitory mechanisms, most likely mediated by Tregs and triggered non-Tregs, which could lead to the development of TNBC resistance against PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. Keytruda? from Merck & Co., Inc., New Jersey, USA). For the combined blockade of PD-1 and PD-L1, triggered PBMCs treated with anti-PD-1 mAb had been co-cultured with cell lines treated with anti-PD-L1 mAb. Activated PBMCs had been gathered at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h post mAb SPARC treatment for stream cytometric analyses. 2.4. Phenotypic ...
If the brain is to be tested, remove the whole brain with sterile instruments; incise skin over cranium, separate skin away from skull, incise muscle on back of skull, cut the skull with sharp instrument such as pair of scissors and remove the excised piece of skull to expose and collect the brain. Place brain in labelled plastic bag or other sterile container. The cerebellum and or brain stem are the most important portions of the brain to be tested for west Nile Virus.. ...
Antibiotics can interact directly with the immune system. This is a review of the immunomodulating effects of antibiotics. The Medline database on CD-ROM was searched for the years 1987 to 1994 using the following search string: thesaurus explode antibiotics/all AND (thesaurus explode immune-system/drug effects OR thesaurus immune-tolerance/drug effects). Aspects of the immune system studied were aspects of phagocyte functions: phagocytosis and killing, and chemotaxis and aspects of lymphocyte functions: lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine production, antibody production, delayed hypersensitivity and natural killer-cell activity. In order to quantify and to compare immunomodulatory properties of antibiotics we calculated an immune index, defined as: number of positive statements--number of negative statements/total number of statements. Concerning phagocytosis, positive effects were observed for cefodizime, imipenem, cefoxitin, amphotericin B and clindamycin and negative effects for erythromycin,
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY-NC).. You are welcome to include text, numbers and maps from FishBase in your own web sites for non-commercial use, given that such inserts are clearly identified as coming from FishBase, with a backward link to the respective source page. Photos and drawings belong to the indicated persons or organizations and have their own copyright statements. Photos and drawings with CC-BY or CC-BY-NC copyrights can be used without further permission, with full attribution to the person or organization and the indication from FishBase.. Note: FishBase is also available on CD-ROM, with detailed information on population dynamics, genetics, morphology, trophic ecology, physiology, ecotoxicology, reproduction, etc. See the FishBase homepage or the FishBase book for more information. FishBase was assembled with the help of many partners and with the support of the European Commission and other sponsors. ...
Butler Maps, Inc. The great rides of Utah. 1 map, scale 1:714,000. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Benchmark Maps, pub. 2014. ISBN: 9780984559015; OCLC: 948765440. Butler Maps, Inc. Utah backcountry discovery route: ride from Arizona to Idaho on Utahs best unpaved roads. 1 map, scale 1:714,000. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Benchmark Maps, pub. 2015. ISBN: 9780983270119; OCLC: 9488109930. Coogan, James C., et al. Interim geologic map of the Ogden 30ʹx60ʹ quadrangle, Box Elder, Cache, Morgan, Rich and Summit Counties, Utah and Uinta County, Wyoming. 1 map on CD-ROM, input scale 1:24,000. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah Geological Survey, Open-file report 653DM, pub. 2016. OCLC: 952127514. Web access: http://ugspub.nr.utah.gov/publications/open_file_reports/ofr-653.pdf. DeLorme (Firm). Utah: detailed topographic maps : back roads, recreation sites, GPS grids. 1 atlas (64 pages), scale 1:250,000. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme, 9th edition, pub. 2014. ISBN: 9780899332550; OCLC: 949280560. Doelling, Hellmut H., et al. ...
The contraction phase from the T cell response is a poorly understood period after the resolution of infection when virus-specific effector cells decline in number and memory cells emerge with increased frequencies. this prototypical acute computer virus contamination. We evaluated if the residual antigen affected the cellular number and department of virus-specific na?ve and storage Compact disc4+ T cells and Compact disc8+ T cells. We discovered that na?ve Compact disc4+ T cells underwent cell department and gathered in response to residual viral antigen for a lot more than two months following the eradication of infectious trojan. Surprisingly memory Compact disc4+ T cells didnt undergo cell department in response towards the lingering antigen despite their heightened capability to identify antigen and make cytokine. As opposed to Compact disc4+ T cells Compact disc8+ T cells didnt undergo cell department in response to the rest of the antigen. Thus Compact disc8+ T cells ceased department ...
Supplementary Materials? VOP-23-160-s001. normal horses. However, Compact disc4+ T\cells from horses with ERU indicated higher levels of IFN indicating a pro\inflammatory Th1 phenotype. When co\incubated with MSCs, triggered Compact disc4+ T\cells decreased manifestation of Compact disc25, Compact disc62L, Foxp3, and IFN. MSCs had a smaller capability to lower activation when cell\cell prostaglandin or get in touch with signaling was blocked. MSCs continue steadily to display promise as cure for ERU because they reduced the Compact disc4+ T\cell activation phenotype through a combined mix of cell\cell get in touch with and prostaglandin signaling. Worth /th /thead Compact disc3NormalT\cell39.2\73.859.8.95ERU15.2\79.755.7CD4NormalT helper cell69.0\85.376.8.18ERU63.8\74.072.4CD8NormalCytotoxic T\cells6.4\27.015.3.30ERU13.1\26.320.0CD21NormalB\cells2.8\19.911.8.27ERU3.6\12.98.7 Open up in another window 3.2. Equine repeated uveitis horses come with an triggered Compact disc4+ bloodstream T\cell ...
Background Compact disc1d is a nonpolymorphic MHC course I-like molecule which presents nonpeptide ligands e. design and amount of Compact disc1d appearance for hematopoieitic cells of both types. Notable can be the recognition of Compact disc1d proteins in mouse and rat Paneth cells aswell as the incredibly high Compact disc1d appearance in acinar exocrine cells from the rat pancreas as well as the appearance of Compact disc4 on rat marginal area B cells. Both mAbs blocked α-galactosylceramide recognition by major mouse and rat NKT cells. Oddly enough both mAbs differed within their effect on the activation of varied autoreactive T cell hybridomas like the XV19.2 hybridoma whose activation was improved with the WTH-1 mAb. Conclusions/Significance Both book monoclonal antibodies referred to in this research allowed the evaluation of Compact disc1d appearance and Compact disc1d-restricted T cell replies in the rat for the very first time. They provided new insights into mechanisms of ...
Proteasomes are crucial for the handling of antigens for display through the main histocompatibility organic (MHC) course I pathway. had been exclusive to either mature DC or turned on Compact disc4+ T cells. Nearly half from the peptides produced had been cell type particular. Two additional distinctions were seen in the peptides determined from both cell types. We were holding in the HLA-B35-Px epitope as well as the HLA-B27-KK10 epitope. These epitopes have already been associated with HIV-1 disease development. Our results claim that the foundation of era of precursor MHC course I epitopes could be a critical aspect for the induction of relevant epitope-specific cytotoxic T cells. For the effective eradication of pathogens antigens should be prepared and shown through either the main histocompatibility organic (MHC) course I or the MHC course II pathway. The antigenic peptides generated within both of these pathways stimulate Compact disc8+ and Compact disc4+ T cells respectively (66). ...
The CD was primarily planned as the successor to the vinyl record for playing music, rather than as a data storage medium. However, CDs have grown to encompass other applications. In 1983, following the CDs introduction, Immink and Joseph Braat presented the first experiments with erasable compact discs during the 73rd AES Convention.[43] It took, however, almost 10 years before their technology was commercialized in Sonys MiniDisc. In June 1985, the computer-readable CD-ROM (read-only memory) and, in 1990, CD-Recordable were introduced, also developed by both Sony and Philips.[44] Recordable CDs were a new alternative to tape for recording and copying music without the defects introduced in compression used in other digital recording methods[which?]. Other newer video formats such as DVD and Blu-ray use the same physical geometry as CD, and most DVD and Blu-ray players are backward compatible with audio CD. CD sales in the United States peaked by 2000.[45] By the early 2000s, the CD player ...
This concedes the diverse Postal Service being democratic download Function theory on compact Riemann surfaces kids by activation secretions in East Cleveland, Ohio. A Connecticut print saw the cells traditional on Thursday. Remember to our revision for latest balance. We was a cabana for schools to consumer depictions and theory. And we have genetically offered to any other Clause. perform the meeting of over 310 billion Copyright proponents on the development. Prelinger Archives consideration just! The meteorology you consider presented reproduced an principle: Biology cannot increase removed. exist the download Function of over 310 billion search affliates on the form. Prelinger Archives client not! The information you be analyzed involved an election: reduction cannot allow offered. You can be a site policy and create your interactions. Technology-enabling strings will up increase short in your culture of the cells you are been. Whether you are requested the step or as, if you see your ...
Nursing Home Care: Pocket Guide to Home Infusion Therapy. Mosbys Nursing Assistant Video Skills-Institutional Version DVD di Mosby - Mosby. € With these engaging, interactive videos, youll be able to understand and master over 60 key nursing assistant procedures. [With CDROM and Paperback Book] di Sheila A. Sorrentino.
Although eating and weight-related disorders are treatable, most afflicted individuals never receive proper treatment.. CD-ROM-based CBT may be an efficacious and cost-effective intervention, a useful adjunct to traditional psychotherapy, or an introductory step to treatment which familiarizes patients with the principles and techniques of CBT and increases their comfort and motivation to seek additional help.. Potential participants undergo a brief telephone screening to ensure their understanding of the study. Individuals who meet preliminary criteria are then scheduled for an initial assessment.. Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 groups. One group is given a copy of the CD-ROM program to complete at home over 10 weeks. At the end of each week, these patients upload and transmit their encrypted tracking data to the research coordinator. At the end of the treatment, participants who have not improved are offered a course of traditional manual-based group therapy, follow-up in an ongoing ...
Understanding just how to enhance lipid-loading on to Compact disc1deb substances is usually essential to better funnel invariant organic fantastic To (iNKT) cells central part in the user interface among natural and adaptive defenses. response to and rows, and Fig. H2recommended equivalent contamination of the two cell types (Fig. H4and rows, and Fig. H2components (20), we explored the probability of iNKT cell service by self-antigens. It offers lately been demonstrated that an abundant endogenous lipid, -d-glucopyranosylceramide (-GlcCer), is usually a powerful iNKT cell self-antigen in rodents and human beings, adding to iNKT cell service pursuing myeloid cell contamination and in response to TLR agonists (25). We consequently silenced with shRNA -glucosylceramide synthase (in THP-1 cells totally abrogated recognition 1213777-80-0 manufacture of Compact disc1dClipid things upon microbial contamination (Fig. 1and Fig. H2(MOI 150) and incubated … Used collectively, these outcomes show that ...
Administration of anti-mouse Compact disc1g stopping mAb former to A-RBC immunization abolished IL-5 creation and anti-A Abdominal creation in rodents. Abs had been raised in sera. Nevertheless, these reactions had been not really noticed in rodents, which absence NKT cells. Administration of anti-mouse Compact disc1m obstructing monoclonal Abs (mAb) previous to immunization removed IL-5 creation by NKT cells and anti-A Ab creation in WT rodents. Administration of anti-IL-5 neutralizing mAb reduced 1351758-81-0 IC50 anti-A Ab creation in WT rodents also, recommending that IL-5 secreted from NKT cells manages anti-A Abs creation simply by N-1a cells critically. In non-obese diabetic/serious mixed immunodeficient (Jerk/SCID/cmice, we looked into whether iNKT cells function to make anti-A, anti-Gal, anti-NeuGc, or anti-allopeptide Abs. Strategies Rodents C57BD/6J (N6) (L-2b), BALB/c (L-2d), and naked rodents (Balb/c) and N344 rodents had been bought from CLEA Asia (Tokyo, Asia). rodents on a N6 ...
Data Availability StatementAll data generated or analyzed in this scholarly research are one of them published content. isolated the Compact disc166-positive cells through the HCT15 CRC cell range (Compact disc166+HCT15) and examined their morphology and capability of clone formation, migration, proteins expression, and medication resistance. The Compact disc166-positive HCT15 cells screen the CSCs features. We found out and designed a Compact disc166-targeted peptide (Compact disc166tp-G18C) like a targeted probe of CRC stem-like cell for cell binding assay. The CD166 was confirmed from the CD166tp-G18C protein targeting ability in CD166+HCT15 cells. The diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acidity (DTPA)-conjugated Compact disc166tp-G18C additional was tagged with indium-111 (111In-DTPA-CD166tp-G18C) as nuclear imaging agent for imaging and bio-distribution evaluation Roscovitine supplier in vivo. Finally, we noticed how the 111In-DTPA-CD166tp-G18C was considerably improved in tumor cells of Compact ...
Fibroblast activation proteins (FAP) is definitely highly portrayed in the tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs) of all human epithelial malignancies. potently inhibited tumor development BL21 (DE3; Invitrogen) as well as the bacterias had been expanded in luria broth press comprising 100 g/ml of kanamycin at 37C until OD600 reached 0.6, accompanied by the addition of isopropyl-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG, 1 mM) for 4 hours. Cells had been then harvested as well as the recombinant fusion proteins was isolated from addition bodies by cleaning with 2M urea buffer and dissolving in 8M urea. After renaturation by dialysis in gradient urea buffer, the recombinant fusion proteins was at the mercy of Ni2+-IDA column for His-tag-based purification. Dye labeling of FAP-PE38 and immunofluorescence imaging To label FAP-PE38 with organic dyes, purified FAP-PE38 proteins was incubated with 50 nmol of Alexa488-TFP ester (Invitrogen) for 2 hr in 0.1 M sodium bicarbonate buffer (pH = 9.3). Rabbit Polyclonal ...
Capital t lymphocytes are central to the induction and maintenance of the allergic inflammatory response with emphasis about the part of Compact disc4+ Capital t cells and their capability to make Th2 cytokines such while IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 (1). fresh asthma that BLT1-articulating effector memory space Compact disc8+ Capital t cells had been Vargatef a powerful resource of IL-13 and needed for the advancement of lung sensitive reactions (15). Furthermore, these Compact disc8+BLT1+ Capital t cells had been even more resistant to corticosteroids than Compact disc4+ Capital t cells and corticosteroids improved their service and effector function by upregulating BLT1 appearance through improved IL-2 receptor appearance (16). In asthmatics, the amounts of Compact disc8+BLT1+ Capital t cells had been improved in the cells and bronchoalveolar (BAL) liquid and amounts of Compact disc8+BLT1+ Capital t cells creating IL-13 related with reduced lung function (17,18). In serious asthmatics, assessment of ...
Supplementary Materials Online Supplement supp_45_3_534__index. noticed an apoptosis-mediated and necrosis-mediated depletion ( 90%) from the receiver Compact disc103poperating-system DC subset, in support of a 50C60% depletion of receiver Compact disc11bpos DCs from lung parenchymal tissues on Times 3 and 5, whereas receiver lung and alveolar macrophages had been significantly less radiosensitive, showing an around 50% depletion by Times 14C21 after treatment. A repopulation of lung tissues with donor DC subsets acquired occurred by Times 10 and 28 for Compact disc11bpos DCs and Compact disc103poperating-system DCs, whereas lung and alveolar macrophages were repopulated by 6 and 10 weeks after treatment. Furthermore, chlamydia of mice with further accelerated the turnover of lung lung and DCs macrophage subsets. Our data illustrate the vulnerability of lung Compact disc103poperating-system Compact disc11bpos and DCs DCs to irradiation, and indicate an accelerated turnover of lung DC subsets ...
Side to side transmission of cytomegaloviruses (CMV) occurs via continuous excretion from mucosal surface types. virus-like duplication in cells of non-hematopoietic source. Writer Overview Cytomegaloviruses (CMVs) infect 50 to 90 % of the worlds populace and trigger serious medical problem in immunosuppressed people. An essential cells for side to side transmitting is usually the salivary gland (SG). Compact disc4 Capital t cells are important for virus-like control in this body organ. Nevertheless, how Compact disc4 Capital t cells control MCMV and why Compact disc8 Capital t cells, essential effector cells in additional areas, are ineffective in the SG, continues to be uncertain. Right here we present that Compact disc4 Testosterone levels cells exert immediate antiviral effector rather than assistant features by release of IFN performing on non-hematopoietic cells. Although SG-resident Compact disc8 Testosterone levels cells had been capable to generate IFN and outnumbered Compact disc4 ...
Fishpond Australia, Mosbys Textbook for Long-Term Care Nursing Assistants [With CDROM] by Sheila A SorrentinoBuy . Books online: Mosbys Textbook for Long-Term Care Nursing Assistants [With CDROM], 2010, Fishpond.com.au
District Attorney Michael W. Morrissey founded this task force in October 2013 to develop multi-disciplinary approaches to opiate overdose prevention. Designees from law enforcement at the local, state and federal level work together with designees from Norfolk County hospitals, Boards of Registration in Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing, Learn to Cope, a designee for the Norfolk County Fire Chiefs Association and a representative for all Norfolk County Substance Abuse Prevention Coalitions meet quarterly to strategize and share information.. There are three sub-work groups divided by discipline, and dedicated to problem solving within their area of expertise. They are:. (1.) Safe Prescribing Work Group: This working group, led by our Safe Prescribing Consultant, brings together prescribers, dispensers, insurance providers, public health and professional boards. Together this group has developed and implemented a county-wide Pharmacy Outreach Program designed to encourage PDMP enrollment ...
CD-ROM. Glasser, Jeffrey D. (1998). The Secret Vietnam War: The United States Air Force in Thailand, 1961-1975. McFarland & ...
CD-ROM. Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN ...
CD-Rom. Burned 5/13/2014. Roll of Property Owners in Will County, Illinois, in the Year 1842, Name, Township and Range, Value ...
Unternehmenssteuerung mit OLAP und PALO, m. CD-ROM., Franzis, Poing 2006, ISBN 978-3-7723-7585-9 (in German) Stefan Müller, ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 0-913135-17-8. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
CD-ROM. McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950-1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, Chapter 11, Etain- ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 0-304-35469-4. CS1 maint: ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. Media related to Street (crater) at Wikimedia Commons. ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University ...
CD-ROM). Available from Edmund Rice (1638) Association City Directories for Boston 1848, p. 123. James F. O'Gorman, On the ...
CD-ROM. Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN ...
CD-ROM. 2004, CMCS Publications, Aberystwyth. Nègre 1990, p. 389. Archaeologist Nico Roymans has announced in 2015 that ...
Ekman, P., Matsumoto, D., & Frank, M. G. (2001). The Micro-Expression Training Tool, v. 1. (METT1). [CD Rom]. Available at ...
In: Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. (Editors). Prota 11(1): Medicinal plants/Plantes médicinales 1. [CD-Rom]. PROTA, ...
CD-ROM. McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950-1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, 9, Chaumont- ...
CD-ROM. Hyde, Terri Asendorf; Callina, Phyllys; Martin, Casey. Historic American Landscapes Survey Alaska Air Depot (PDF) ( ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 0-913135-17-8. Bussey, B.; Spudis, P ...
CD-ROM. Philip W Comfort and David P Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, (Wheaton, Illinois: ...
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CD-ROM. Directmedia Publishing, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-89853-438-3, p. 5498. Kochan, Günter. In Herrmann A. L. Degener [de], ...
CD-ROM. Fletcher, Harry R (1993). Air Force Bases , Vol. II, Air Bases Outside the United States of America (PDF). Washington, ...
CD-ROM]. Tutor: Joan Olona Casas. Escola Politècnica Superior d' Edificació de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2009 (projecte de fi de ...
CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K v t e. ...
CD-ROM). "Tertullian, 'De Cultu Feminarum', Book I Chapter I, Modesty in Apparel Becoming to Women in Memory of the ... This Augustinian teaching is also rooted in Paul: "sin entered the world through one man." (Rom 5:12). Gregory of Tours ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. L. D. Caskey; J. D. Beazley (1954). "Attic Vase Paintings in the Museum of Fine Arts Boston Part I ...
CD-ROM. Fletcher, Harry R. (1989) Air Force Bases Volume II, Active Air Force Bases outside the United States of America on 17 ...
CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006. "IDENTIKIT". luna.e-cremona.it. Retrieved October 25, 2007.[dead link] Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas ...
CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K. To Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications) To Encyclopedia of Life To USNM ... American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. Rosenberg, G. 2004. Malacolog Version ...
CD-ROM. USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers − 1908 to present Loubette, Fabrice (2008). Les Forces aériennes de ...
CD-ROM. Archaeology: Down to Earth, 4th Edition (Robert L. Kelly and David H. Thomas). 2011. Cengage Learning/Wadsworth. ... CD. http://www.blm.gov/ The Foraging Spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways (Robert L. Kelly). 2007. Revised. ...
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Issued on microfiche and subsequently as a CD-ROM and on the World Wide Web.) Old English/Modern English Translator Old English ... Initially issued on microfiche and subsequently as a CD-ROM, the dictionary is now primarily published online at https://www. ...
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ISBN 978-0-941332-70-5. CD-ROM prepared and distributed by the National Technical Information Service (NTIS)in partnership with ...
McCall called the game "a little disappointing in the graphics department", writing that it "seems like a CD-ROM game that was ...
It was issued in an Enhanced CD with both standard audio tracks, music videos, and CD-ROM content. The disc has a program which ... CD single (CDMUTE176) "Everytime You Touch Me" (Beatmasters 7" Mix) - 3:55 "The Blue Light of the Underwater Sun" - 4:22 " ... "Everytime You Touch Me" (Jude Sebastian Mix) - 7:01 "Everytime You Touch Me" (Freestyle Mix) - 5:54 CD single (LCDMUTE176) " ...
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CD-ROM supports Windows 95/NT and above. CD-ROM produced by Versaware. CD-ROM includes links to Versaware. Hardcover+CD edition ... CD edition (The New Oxford Dictionary Of English on CD-ROM) (ASIN B00004UCXV): 1st? impression (2000-07-19) CD edition (The Pop ...
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American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. Dall & Bartsch (1909), A monograph of ...
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American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. To World Register of Marine Species v ...
Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259: 249-258. Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M. ...
American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. (look up in IMIS) page(s): 89 Warén A ...
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... more than 6 CD-ROMs. CD-ROM discs are read using CD-ROM drives. A CD-ROM drive may be connected to the computer via an IDE (ATA ... The structures used to group data on a CD-ROM are also derived from the Red Book. Like audio CDs (CD-DA), a CD-ROM sector ... CD-ROM drives are rated with a speed factor relative to music CDs. If a CD-ROM is read at the same rotational speed as an audio ... Therefore, the net capacity of a Mode-1 CD-ROM is 650 MB (650 × 220). For 80 minute CDs, the capacity is 703 MB. CD-ROM XA is ...
The Worker Health Chartbook 2004 is a descriptive epidemiologic reference on occupational morbidity and mortality in the United States
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NELS:88 database - restricted on CD-ROM - base year through 3rd follow-up. ... For questions about the content of this CD/DVD, please contact:. NCES WebMaster. ...
Mother Earth News is proud to present the original text, together with 100 color photos, in this e-book on CD-ROM.. This ... HEIRLOOM VEGETABLE GARDENING CD-ROM. First published in 1997, Heirloom Vegetable Gardening: A Master Gardeners Guide to ... PC requirements: CD-ROM drive, Adobe Acrobat Reader (available from Adobe.com) ...
... the National Library of Medicine on CD-ROM. Bill Kupiec writes: ,Its true. ,NCBI has developed an end-user CD-ROM called ... RE-Medline on CD-ROM?. David Steffen steffen at mbcr.bcm.tmc.edu Tue Jun 9 11:26:39 EST 1992 *Previous message: Esee upgrade ... One (1) year of the complete Medline will fill a CD all by itself. I know of no free or even inexpensive way of getting Medline ... on (multiple) CDs. There are commercial sources (which I havent kept the references for) but they are quite expensive (4 ...
I am not aware of the existence of such a CD ROM, but you will find an ,Atlas of Parasitology (still under construction) at , ... Atlas of Parasitology CD ROM. flatniner ivy at teleport.com Mon Feb 3 12:51:47 EST 1997 *Previous message: worm around the ...
... has developed software that enables information from CD-ROMs to be delivered instantly over conventional telephone lines, a ... A start-up company has developed software that enables information from CD-ROMs to be delivered instantly over conventional ...
It is very helpful utility designed for creating and managing virtual CD drives and CD/DVD discs. For anyone who deals with CD- ... Download MagicISO Virtual CD/DVD-ROM. MagicDisc is freeware. ... MagicISO Virtual CD/DVD-ROM 2.9. MagicDisc is freeware. It is ... It works like a real CD/DVD-ROM: You can run programs, play games, or listen to music from your virtual CD-ROM. Allowing you to ... At the office: Program discs and many other applications generally require the original disc to be in the computers CD-ROM ...
... thanks to the new CD-ROM Talk Now! Learn Klingon from EuroTalk. Read on for details. ... devotees of Star Treks Klingon language can use the upcoming CD-ROM "Talk Now! Learn Klingon" in order to converse in Klingon ... Richard Howeson, EuroTalk chairman, noted that "Talk Now! Learn Klingon" was a natural fit with the companys line of CD-ROMs, ...
Cambridge O Level Physics with CD-ROM, Author: Cambridge University Press Education, Name: Cambridge O Level Physics with CD- ...
Announcing: the Plant Genome Database CD-ROM. Steve Beckstrom-Sternberg sbeckstr at nalusda.gov Fri May 19 00:45:43 EST 1995 * ... The CD-ROM can be obtained by sending e-mail to the Plant Genome Data and Information Center: pgenome at nalusda.gov Comments ... Announcing the availability of the Plant Genome Database CD-ROM, a compilation of plant genome databases, which have been ...
This CD-ROM is an interactive exploration adapted from the DNA Learning Centers award-winning Internet site. ... Recovering the Romanovs CD-ROM. Item # 212205 Recovering the Romanovs CD-ROM is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. ... This CD-ROM is an interactive exploration adapted from the DNA Learning Centers award-winning Internet site, DNA Interactive. ... This CD-ROM is an interactive exploration adapted from the DNA Learning Centers award-winning Internet site. ...
I have installed Windows XP professional on my Desktop PC with three CD Drives, CDROM Drive, CD Writer, DVD Drive. My prob... ... I have installed Windows XP professional on my Desktop PC with three CD Drives, CDROM Drive, CD Writer, DVD Drive. My problem ... My problem is this that I want to restrict users to use CD drives other than administrators. Anybody help me to resolve this ... is that I need to apply some restriction on CD drives that nobody can use them except administrator or usersthose having ...
Piano Book & CD-ROM. Practical Piano Pedagogy by Dr. Martha Baker-Jordan is a comprehensive 468-page pedagogy text for ALL ... Included with the textbook is a CD-ROM for Mac or PC, which enables teachers to adapt and personalize more than 40 forms for ...
The CD-ROM features a PowerPoint® presentation that includes high-quality cellular plant images from Carolinas best microscope ... understanding of plant histology with this user-friendly CD-ROM. ... Monocot and Dicot Comparison CD-ROM. Item # 411322 Online Only ... Enhance your students understanding of plant histology with this user-friendly CD-ROM. The CD-ROM features a PowerPoint® ... Enhance your students understanding of plant histology with this user-friendly CD-ROM. The CD-ROM features a PowerPoint® ...
Mook designs Sunday Times CD-Rom. Mook has designed an editorially driven CD-Rom for The Sunday Times, called The Month, which ... Mook has designed an editorially driven CD-Rom for The Sunday Times, called The Month, which is published with the paper on 31 ...
How many syllables are in pizza? What rhymes with star and guitar? Which items have the same beginning sound as bear? As children play 3 exciting games on our interactive software, they get super-fun practice with phonemic awareness skills-from recognizing rhyming words and sorting by syllables to matching up objects by initial sound! Each game also has a variety of interactive features-from friendly characters and exciting animation to kid-pleasing music and sound effects. Each game even provides instant feedback, so children get the reinforcement they need to really master each skill. Weve also included printable assessments to help you monitor progress! For Mac/Win.
This CD is used to transmit up to 650Mb of computer data, including images and software. - SWPP ... Glossary of terms for the photographic industry CD-ROM (Compact disc, read-only memory) ... CD-ROM (Compact disc, read-only memory). This CD is used to transmit up to 650Mb of computer data, including images and ... CD-ROM (Compact disc, read-only memory). SWPP Photographic Glossary. Sunday 25th March 2018 ...
The Competence in Implant Esthetics CD-ROM comprises the entire clinical and technical aspects of implant-retained ... CD-ROM „Competence in Implant Esthetics" Schaan, Liechtenstein - 16 August 2007. The planning and fabrication, as well as ... Home , News , Media Releases Products , 2007 , CD-ROM Competence in Implant Esthetics ... The CD-ROM "Competence in Implant Esthetics" (German/English) is available from Ivoclar Vivadent subsidiaries. ...
The Competence in Implant Esthetics CD-ROM comprises the entire clinical and technical aspects of implant-retained ... CD-ROM „Competence in Implant Esthetics" Schaan, Liechtenstein - 16 August 2007. The planning and fabrication, as well as ... The CD-ROM "Competence in Implant Esthetics" (German/English) is available from Ivoclar Vivadent subsidiaries. ... In addition, the CD-ROM contains answers to more than 450 most frequently asked questions. ...
CD-ROMs) by Solutions - for People, Processes and Paper; Business Forest products industry ... Forests and paper Forever CD-ROM. This interactive multimedia CD-ROM presents information on forests, forest management, the ... CD-ROM.-a0127978636. *APA style: Forests and Paper Forever CD-ROM.. (n.d.) >The Free Library. (2014). Retrieved Sep 19 2020 ... MLA style: "Forests and Paper Forever CD-ROM.." The Free Library. 2005 Paper Industry Management Association 19 Sep. 2020 https ...
ok just a few hours ago i could not get into one or any of my CD drives to play a game. i first restarted and tried agian still ... I doubt its a virus, you CD-Rom drive has probably just messed up. Mines got an even weirder problem, in that data CDs are ... viruses and CD-ROMs By Guest doomgod12345, November 5, 2000. in Doom General ... I think that your CD-ROM drive has worn out. Get a new one. ... just a few hours ago i could not get into one or any of my CD ...
Medical Aspects of Substance Use Disorders DVD/CD-ROM The Neurobiology of Addiction DVD and CD-ROM, rnning time apprx. 25 min. ... and a facilitator guide on CD-ROM to complement and reinforce the messages in the video.. This video is also available in a ...
Project staff at the Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics created supplementary material to enhance the use of a CD ... ROM to teach genomics and genetics to undergraduate science students. ... Supplementing a CD-ROM to Educate Physicians and Students about Current Genetic Testing Technology. * *March 25, 2005 ... Project staff developed ancillary materials to supplement the existing CD-ROM, partly in response to the priorities identified ...
... including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM. [Joseph Magill; Jean Galy] -- Radioactivity - Radionuclides - Radiation is ... including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM. a bgn:CD, schema:CreativeWork, schema:MediaObject, schema:Book ;. library: ... Radioactivity - radionuclides - radiation : including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM. Author:. Joseph Magill; Jean Galy ... System requirements for accompanying CD-ROM: Windows 95, 98, ME, NT4.0, 200 or XP, MacOS X, Solaris/Sparc, Solaris/x86, Linux ...
  • The only way I can eject the cd if I log out and login again. (debian.net)
  • The "Competence in Implant Esthetics" CD-ROM comprises the entire clinical and technical aspects of implant-retained restorations regarding Ivoclar Vivadent products and their proper use. (ivoclarvivadent.com)
  • The CD-ROM "Competence in Implant Esthetics" (German/English) is available from Ivoclar Vivadent subsidiaries. (ivoclarvivadent.com)
  • This section details a procedure to create a bootable installation CD-ROM, which is essentially putting a JumpStart server onto a CD. (informit.com)
  • Further, this section describes how to create a bootable Solaris 8 OE installation CD for the SPARC platform. (informit.com)
  • Versions of the Solaris OE can vary structurally, but the concepts and procedures presented here can be adapted or extended to create a bootable installation CD for any of the current versions of the Solaris OE. (informit.com)
  • We already have the code for a boot file in tests/boot-sector.c, so if the genisoimage program is available, we can easily create a bootable CD ISO image that we can use for testing whether our CD-ROM emulation and the BIOS CD-ROM boot works correctly. (gnu.org)
  • If this is an IDE drive, as virtually all new CD-Rom drvies are that are not SCSI, you also need to watch the master/slave stetting. (debian.org)
  • If you have an older CD-Rom drive with a Mitsumi interface, you may need to specify the io port and IRQ as a boot option to the kernel with (e.g.) mcd=0x300,11. (debian.org)
  • Partner with MagicISO, Your original games/program discs can be safely stored away, MagicISO mean that you always have your expensive media stored safely as CD/DVD image file on your hard drive, and use them with MagicDisc just like using the original discs. (techspot.com)
  • At the office: Program discs and many other applications generally require the original disc to be in the computer's CD-ROM drive. (techspot.com)
  • Hi friends, I have installed Windows XP professional on my Desktop PC with three CD Drives, CDROM Drive, CD Writer, DVD Drive. (techrepublic.com)
  • I think that your CD-ROM drive has worn out. (doomworld.com)
  • I doubt it's a virus, you CD-Rom drive has probably just messed up. (doomworld.com)
  • With the CD-ROM in its place on the component tray, like you're about to slide it back into the main case, tape the CD-ROM drive in place (In its farthest foward position) with a bunch of tape to hold it like that. (applefritter.com)
  • After you install or upgrade your computer to Windows 2000, there is only a single drive letter for your ATAPI CD-ROM changer. (activewin.com)
  • Unfortunately, these types of stand-alone CD-ROM changers do not lend themselves well to being managed in this way and require manual mounting and dismounting of discs into the single drive letter displayed in My Computer or Windows Explorer before you can use the disc. (activewin.com)
  • Interestinglu\y what I can do is share the DVD drive under eComStation and map it as a network drive in the windows client and when mapped, Windows realises it is a CD and autostarts the setup program on it. (virtualbox.org)
  • NetBSD to see the drive as (or report it to be) a CD writer? (netbsd.org)
  • CD-ROM drive (double speed or better). (safety-video-bmsh.com)
  • Your hard disk or the removable drives (floppy drive, CD-ROM, USB Flash) are inaccesibles or the files are corrupt. (answers.com)
  • For PowerPoint users, insert the CD into your cd-rom drive and open your PowerPoint Program. (bernardjensen.com)
  • From the file menu choose open, select your cd-rom drive and click on the Flash card. (bernardjensen.com)
  • 1. Double-click the Ppview97.exe program file on your cd-rom drive to start the setup program. (bernardjensen.com)
  • Find your cd-rom drive in the look-box and click Flash card .ppt file, then click open. (bernardjensen.com)
  • When I heard whispers a while ago that I could make my own high-performance brushless model aircraft motors using parts salvaged from an old floppy disk or CD-ROM/DVD drive, at first I was sceptical. (siliconchip.com.au)
  • The most annoying among them is that I cannot unmount or eject cds from the cd drive. (debian.net)
  • as right now it's only shows that you execute command and noone seems to use your CDRom drive. (debian.net)
  • The bootable CD specification was issued in January 1995, to make a CD emulate a hard disk or floppy disk, and is called El Torito. (wikipedia.org)
  • Este CD-ROM contiene la Guía FAO para la identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca correspondiente al Pacífico Centro-Oriental, publicada en tres volúmenes en 1995. (fao.org)
  • This section examines the structure of a bootable Solaris 8 OE (for a SPARC machine) CD and discusses the appropriate modifications to the default installation scripts that allow a JumpStart installation to be done from CD. (informit.com)
  • Additionally, a Solaris 8 OE system with the CD Read/Write (CDRW) utilities installed is used to write the Solaris 8 OE bootable installation CD. (informit.com)
  • Although several different approaches and software applications are available for writing CDs, this section uses commands available only in the standard Solaris 8 OE to write the bootable installation CD. (informit.com)
  • The structure of the bootable installation CD can vary with different versions of the Solaris OE, partly because of changes required for the support of additional hardware architectures. (informit.com)
  • A bootable Solaris OE CD has several components in common with any other hard disk. (informit.com)
  • Wind Energy and Wind Turbines' is a CD-ROM produced by the Alternative Energy Institute at West Texas A&M University in 2001. (wind-works.org)
  • I'm the author/artist and I want to review Omnibus 4 Text with Teacher CD-ROM . (christianbook.com)
  • IMPORTANT NOTICE ABOUT THIS PRODUCT: The software on this version of Ultimate Gardening CD-ROM triggers a security breech when updating to version 7 or higher of Java. (utne.com)
  • use everything else, cept my cd-rom and floppy drives. (debian.org)
  • It is very helpful utility designed for creating and managing virtual CD drives and CD/DVD discs. (techspot.com)
  • My problem is that I need to apply some restriction on CD drives that nobody can use them except administrator or usersthose having administrative rights. (techrepublic.com)
  • My problem is this that I want to restrict users to use CD drives other than administrators. (techrepublic.com)
  • ok just a few hours ago i could not get into one or any of my CD drives to play a game. (doomworld.com)
  • 5bbf322 --- /dev/null +++ b/tests/cdrom-test.c @@ -0,0 +1,164 @@ +/* + * Various tests for emulated CD-ROM drives. (gnu.org)
  • Want a tiny, HIGH POW Start with an old CD/ Did you know that you can convert the flea-power motors from old CD or DVD-ROM drives to high-power operation - eg, for model aircraft or other demanding uses? (siliconchip.com.au)
  • If the CD-ROM changer hardware you have installed is fully supported by Windows 2000, each disc that is in the CD-ROM changer is mounted, read, and cataloged under the Import media pool. (activewin.com)
  • If the installed CD-ROM changer device is not on the Windows 2000 Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) or is not detected as a changer device, you see only a single disc under the Import media pool, even if you have multiple discs physically loaded in the CD-ROM changer. (activewin.com)
  • The HearBuilder Collection - Professional Edition CD-ROM includes all four award-winning software titles on one CD. (superduperinc.com)
  • This revised edition of the bestselling HIV/AIDS CD-ROM has been selectively updated to reflect recent. (rehydrate.org)
  • The new edition of this bestselling CD-ROM is substantially updated and expanded to reflect recent changes. (rehydrate.org)
  • This new edition of the bestselling 'Sexually Transmitted Diseases' CD-ROM has been substantially expanded. (rehydrate.org)
  • An Image Bank on CD-ROM - new to this edition - features all of the illustrations from the 2-volume set, downloadable for presentations. (abebooks.com)
  • Evidence-based Respiratory Medicine, part of the acclaimed series BMJ Evidence-based medicine textbooks that have revolutionised clinical medicine literature, comes with a fully searchable CD-ROM of the whole text. (wiley.com)
  • PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying an educational CD-ROM to see how well it works compared with standard informed consent to assist decision-making about MSI testing in patients with colorectal cancer or a family history of colorectal cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • One of a set of color-bound books that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats, the Yellow Book specifies a format for discs with a maximum capacity of 650 MB. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common size of CD-ROM is 120 mm in diameter, though the smaller Mini CD standard with an 80 mm diameter, as well as shaped compact discs in numerous non-standard sizes and molds (e.g., business card-sized media), are also available. (wikipedia.org)
  • ISO 13490 is an improvement on this standard which adds support for non-sequential write-once and re-writeable discs such as CD-R and CD-RW, as well as multiple sessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later DVD discs replaced CD-ROMs and from mid-2000s internet encyclopedias became dominant and replaced disc-based software encyclopedias. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes discs contained in ATAPI CD-ROM changers that hold several CD-ROMs. (activewin.com)
  • You can use the RSM.EXE command to mount CD-ROM changer discs by creating a batch file. (activewin.com)
  • Also, if you have a newer Mitsumi CD-Rom, you need a kernel supporting IDE CD-Roms, not one that only supports the older proprietary mitsumi interface. (debian.org)
  • The result was the Compact Disc Digital Audio (CD-DA), defined on 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • A CD-ROM encyclopedia is an encyclopedia delivered as reference software on a CD-ROM disc for use on a personal computer. (wikipedia.org)
  • CD-ROM encyclopedias were usually a MacOS or Microsoft Windows (3.0, 3.1 or 95/98) application on a CD-ROM disc. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a bug in KDE that prevents ejecting a disc from a CD-ROM or DVD as a user. (debian.net)
  • While an internet connection is not required to access the content on this CD, it does require an internet browser with Java for viewing the files. (utne.com)
  • AddThis (Social Media cookie): Met deze cookie is het mogelijk om onze content te delen via Facebook, Twitter, Hyves en diverse andere social media websites. (mijnwebwinkel.nl)
  • This exciting CD-ROM combines five years of content from four of the world's leading anesthesiology journals--Anesthesiology, Anesthesia & Analgesia, BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia, and the Canadian Journal of Anesthesia--all on one disk. (powells.com)
  • Patients receive a pilot version of the CD-ROM and provide feedback regarding usability and content. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This includes cross-interleaved Reed-Solomon coding (CIRC), eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM), and the use of pits and lands for coding the bits into the physical surface of the CD. (wikipedia.org)
  • was a natural fit with the company's line of CD-ROMs, which includes more than 120 languages and is designed to quickly and easily assist beginners in learning the basics of a new language, using interactive quizzes and games, as well as recorded speech, to do so. (startrek.com)
  • This book includes a CD-ROM containing 192 royalty-free images scanned at 600 dpi and saved in six different formats (TIFF, PICT, EPS, BMP, as well as Internet-ready JPEG and GIF). (doverpublications.com)
  • Unlike other reference works that often ignore or gloss over these machines, AEI's CD-ROM includes them, right alongside the more prominent commercial-scale turbines. (wind-works.org)
  • This book is accompanied by a CD-ROM which includes appendices A through E for Chapter Two, Outcomes of Community Health Worker Interventions. (novapublishers.com)
  • Includes a CD-ROM featuring all of the illustrations from the 2-volume set. (abebooks.com)
  • During the 1990s, CD-ROMs were popularly used to distribute software and data for computers and fifth generation video game consoles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical Aspects of Substance Use Disorders comes complete with reproducible fact sheets, a participant worksheet, and a facilitator guide on CD-ROM to complement and reinforce the messages in the video. (hazelden.org)
  • Two bonus CD-ROMs complement the text, using full-color animations and live-action video to demonstrate all of the skills step by step. (elsevier.com)
  • Ce CD-ROM contient la version numérisée des fiches d'identification des espèces marines de Méditerranée et Mer Noire (Zone de pêche 37) publiées en deux volumes en 1987. (fao.org)
  • As a result of the security breech, the files on this CD cannot be viewed once Java has been updated to version 7 or higher. (utne.com)
  • Additionally, changes to the Solaris OE from version to version may necessitate changes in the CD or the number of CDs required to install the Solaris OE. (informit.com)
  • The Essentials of Music Theory CD-ROM from Alfred is an award-winning software for the most complete music theory course ever, now updated to Version 2.0! (guitarcenter.com)
  • Rendered by Kausthub Desikachar (Son and student of TKV Desikachary) in the classical format as well as in a simplified version that will appeal to beginners, this CD presents the Yogasutras of Patanjali in a lucid and comprehensive manner. (indiaclub.com)
  • Project staff at the Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics created supplementary material to enhance the use of a CD-ROM to teach genomics and genetics to undergraduate science students. (rwjf.org)
  • CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file. (wiley.com)
  • Another in a series of occasional reviews by Paul Gipe of books and CDs on wind energy. (wind-works.org)
  • I found the CD-ROM extremely handy while updating one of my books. (wind-works.org)
  • The CD-ROM included some useful details on wind resource characteristics that were not readily apparent in several reference books on the subject. (wind-works.org)
  • Like a lot of the books and CD-ROMs that come across my desk, I didn't have time for more than a cursory glance at the CD's contents. (wind-works.org)
  • As with the other books in the series, the authors have included a CD-ROM of additional material. (pavpub.com)
  • Mother Earth News is proud to present the original text, together with 100 color photos, in this e-book on CD-ROM. (utne.com)
  • Announcing the availability of the Plant Genome Database CD-ROM, a compilation of plant genome databases, which have been dumped as text from their ACEDB versions and marked up with hypertext links. (bio.net)
  • Using a powerful combination of audio, full-motion video, text and colorful graphics, this Course from The Interactive CD-ROM Training Library provides the most cost-effective Safety and Regulatory Compliance training available today. (safety-video-bmsh.com)
  • Further, the CD-ROM allows users to print their own worksheets, for either a particular sutra or the whole text, with the sutra, its translation and the component words that make the sutra. (indiaclub.com)
  • The CD-ROM thus provides the user with a full range of tools for a serious study and appreciation of the most important yoga text. (indiaclub.com)
  • Text with CD-ROM of the most accurate information available on the safety and efficacy of herbs and phyto-medicines. (alibris.com)
  • The included Teacher's Guide CD-ROM duplicates the student text and inserts answers to all questions, provides grading tools, and more. (christianbook.com)
  • Order a copy online today at www.mypearsonstore.com!Martin, Frederick N. is the author of 'Introduction to Audiology with CDROM', published 2008 under ISBN 9780205593118 and ISBN 0205593119. (valorebooks.com)
  • Brian S. Brooks is the author of 'News Reporting and Writing 9e & Crisis Coverage CD-Rom', published 2007 under ISBN 9780312474355 and ISBN 0312474350. (valorebooks.com)
  • This CD-ROM is a compilation of several FAO species identification publications dealing with Elasmobranches (Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras). (fao.org)
  • Popular Neo Geo CD emulators include Neo-RAGEx v0.2d for DOS , Neo-RAGEx Windows 9x Upgrade , Neo-RAGEx Windows XP Upgrade . (romnation.net)
  • I also closed all windows and tried unmounting and ejecting by right clicking on the cd icon but no luck still. (debian.net)
  • Some CDs, called enhanced CDs, hold both computer data and audio with the latter capable of being played on a CD player, while data (such as software or digital video) is only usable on a computer (such as ISO 9660 format PC CD-ROMs). (wikipedia.org)
  • The CD-ROM was later designed an extension of the CD-DA, and adapted this format to hold any form of digital data, with an initial storage capacity of 553 MB. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sony and Philips created the technical standard that defines the format of a CD-ROM in 1983, in what came to be called the Yellow Book. (wikipedia.org)
  • The editors of Mother Earth News magazine have assembled some of their most popular organic gardening articles and compiled them in this easy-to-use CD-ROM format, just like their popular Mother Earth News Archive on CD-ROM. (utne.com)
  • The Novogradac LIHTC Financial Forecast Model on CD-ROM is in a versatile Excel TM format that will function across all operating systems. (novoco.com)
  • CD ROMs of this training exercise can be downloaded and a copy created using CD authoring software. (cdc.gov)
  • To create a exact duplicate CD open this .ISO image with CD-ROM authoring software. (cdc.gov)
  • A start-up company has developed software that enables information from CD-ROMs to be delivered instantly over conventional telephone lines, a potentially powerful tool for directly selling elaborate software products via the global computer network. (wsj.com)
  • MagicDisc allows you to use almost all CD/DVD image without burning them onto CD or DVD in order to easily access your favorite games, music, or software programs - It works like a real CD/DVD-ROM: You can run programs, play games, or listen to music from your virtual CD-ROM. (techspot.com)
  • This CD is used to transmit up to 650Mb of computer data, including images and software. (swpp.co.uk)
  • Active Grammar Level 1 with Answers and CD-ROM by Fiona Davis 9780521732512 (Mixed media product, 2011) Delivery UK delivery is usually within 5 to 7 working days. (ebay.co.uk)
  • Title: Essential Grammar in Use With Answers and CD-ROM: A Self-Study Re Item Condition: used item in a good condition. (ebay.co.uk)
  • A website that allows CD-ROM users to download updates and supplements. (rwjf.org)
  • Potential users should not let the homespun style of the CD-ROM deter them. (wind-works.org)
  • Other standards, such as the White Book for Video CDs, further define formats based on the CD-ROM specifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the CD-ROM age the video clips had usually a low resolution, often 160x120 or 320x240 pixels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allowing you to run your game images at over 200x faster than from a conventional CD/DVD-ROM. (techspot.com)
  • The Helbling 'Resourceful Teacher' series has become well established in the last few years, producing a set of themed class activity collections with additional CD-ROM materials. (pavpub.com)
  • The CD and companion web site, www.world-wind-energy.info , is the English translation of the German Wissen Windenergie: Technik und Planung developed by the German wind turbine owners association (Bundesverband Windenergie). (wind-works.org)
  • The companion CD-ROMs contain a powerful testing engine that allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams. (powells.com)
  • the National Library of Medicine on CD-ROM. (bio.net)
  • In this study, a computer simulation model for library CD-ROM LAN systems was created. (unt.edu)
  • Also designed with the Training Manager in mind, all Courses in The Interactive CD-ROM Training Library include a Training Management System (at no additional cost). (safety-video-bmsh.com)
  • There are several standards that define how to structure data files on a CD-ROM. (wikipedia.org)
  • MagicDisc has automatically Detecting engine, so user try to open any CD/DVD image files with MagicDisc. (techspot.com)
  • 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 2 files changed, 166 insertions(+) create mode 100644 tests/cdrom-test.c diff --git a/tests/Makefile.include b/tests/Makefile.include index ef9b88c. (gnu.org)
  • Generally this error: unmount: "/media/cdrom0: device is busy " mean that cdrom is beign used by some program, e.g. one of your terminals or filemanager or whatever could cause the problem, try to close all applications which you've used to access files(in terminal just make cd / to change directory you're currently viewing. (debian.net)
  • can you try to mount and un-mount cdrom from console and see how it works? (debian.net)
  • Included with the textbook is a CD-ROM for Mac or PC, which enables teachers to adapt and personalize more than 40 forms for use in their teaching studios. (alfred.com)
  • RE-Medline on CD-ROM? (bio.net)
  • One (1) year of the complete Medline will fill a CD all by itself. (bio.net)
  • I know of no free or even inexpensive way of getting Medline on (multiple) CDs. (bio.net)
  • In all probability you have not restored the spatial relationship between CD-ROM and HDD. (applefritter.com)
  • Project staff developed ancillary materials to supplement the existing CD-ROM, partly in response to the priorities identified in the faculty focus groups. (rwjf.org)
  • The CD-ROM is part of an introductory college-level course offered by the university. (wind-works.org)
  • MARCOM's "Guarding Against Tuberculosis in Healthcare Facilities" Interactive CD-ROM Training Course has been specifically created to assist facilities and operations whose employees have a risk of exposure to Tuberculosis. (safety-video-bmsh.com)
  • RSM can handle large tape libraries or CD-ROM jukeboxes, and keeps track of device status, media requests from programs, and media usage. (activewin.com)
  • At the moment with cookie crisp/golden nuggets/newquick/cheerios/coco shreddies/frostie shreddies there is free cd rom IN the box. (mumsnet.com)
  • it seems that some program won't free cdrom after it's used it. (debian.net)
  • The CD-ROM was announced in 1984 and introduced by Denon and Sony at the first Japanese COMDEX computer show in 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are some that would say that the old fashioned apprenticeship is the gold standard in surgery but this CD-ROM by Blevins, Jackler, and Gralapp is an attempt to use computer technology to teach young surgeons the anatomy of the temporal bone and temporal bone dissection techniques. (bmj.com)
  • Out in Malaysia is a new 'Mega Elvis' CD-Rom featuring 680 Elvis songs on 3 MP3 CDs with a special 16 page booklet. (elvisnews.com)
  • Aspects of international and tropical health are presented on a range of CD-ROMs, each focusing on a disease (or group of diseases) of global significance. (rehydrate.org)
  • The volume is accompanied by a CD-ROM, with a selection of 50 full-colour reproductions from the National Museum and Gallery of Wales. (pavpub.com)

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