Caustics: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.Chemical Terrorism: The use of chemical agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of nerve agents, blood agents, blister agents, and choking agents (NOXAE).Civil Defense: Preventive emergency measures and programs designed to protect the individual or community in times of hostile attack.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Burns, ChemicalTerrorism: The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Chemical Warfare Agents: Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.Mustard Gas: Severe irritant and vesicant of skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause blindness and lethal lung edema and was formerly used as a war gas. The substance has been proposed as a cytostatic and for treatment of psoriasis. It has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985) (Merck, 11th ed).Chemical Warfare: Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.Sodium Hydroxide: A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Upper Gastrointestinal Tract: The segment of GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the ESOPHAGUS; the STOMACH; and the DUODENUM.Household Products: Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Sarcoma, Experimental: Experimentally induced neoplasms of CONNECTIVE TISSUE in animals to provide a model for studying human SARCOMA.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Noma: A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)MexicoArgasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.IsraelPeruTourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Diet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Amido Black: A dye used to stain proteins in electrophoretic techniques. It is used interchangeably with its acid form.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Acids, Noncarboxylic: Inorganic acids with a non metal, other than carbon, attached to hydrogen, or an acid radical containing no carbon.Carbadox: An antibacterial agent that has been used in veterinary practice for treating swine dysentery and enteritis and for promoting growth. However, its use has been prohibited in the UK following reports of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p125)Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Acids: Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Steel: A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Fourier Analysis: Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Noise: Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.

Extensive abdominal surgery after caustic ingestion. (1/69)

OBJECTIVE: To report the authors' experience in extensive abdominal surgery after caustic ingestion, and to clarify its indications. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: After caustic ingestion, extension of corrosive injuries beyond the esophagus and stomach to the duodenum, jejunum, or adjacent abdominal organs is an uncommon but severe complication. The limit to which resection of the damaged organs can be reasonably performed is not clearly defined. METHODS: From 1988 to 1997, nine patients underwent esophagogastrectomy extended to the colon (n = 2), the small bowel (n = 2), the duodenopancreas (n = 4), the tail of the pancreas (n = 1), or the spleen (n = 1). Outcome was evaluated in terms of complications, death, and function after esophageal reconstruction. RESULTS: Five patients required reintervention in the postoperative period for extension of the caustic lesions. There were two postoperative deaths. Seven patients had secondary esophageal reconstruction 4 to 8 months (median 6 months) after initial resection. Three additional patients died 8, 24, and 32 months after the initial resection. Three survivors eat normally, and one has unexplained dysphagia. CONCLUSIONS: An aggressive surgical approach allows successful initial treatment of extended caustic injuries. Early surgical treatment is essential to improve the prognosis in these patients.  (+info)

European course on HPV associated pathology: guidelines for primary care physicians for the diagnosis and management of anogenital warts. (2/69)

The European Course on HPV Associated Pathology (ECHPV) was founded in 1990 by a group of clinicians, pathologists, and virologists to teach important principles for the practice and management of human papillomavirus (HPV) disease to gynaecologists, dermatologists, and other medical disciplines. These guidelines are intended to assist the practice of primary care physicians for diagnosis and treatment of anogenital warts.  (+info)

Patterns and problems of deliberate self-poisoning in the developing world. (3/69)

Deliberate self-harm is a major problem in the developing world, responsible for around 600 000 deaths in 1990. The toxicity of available poisons and paucity of medical services ensure that mortality from self-poisoning is far greater in the tropics than in the industrialized world. Few data are available on the poisons most commonly used for self-harm in different parts of the world. This paper reviews the literature on poisoning, to identify the important poisons used for self-harm in these regions. Pesticides are the most important poison throughout the tropics, being both common and associated with a high mortality rate. In some regions, particular pesticides have become the most popular method of self-harm, gaining a notoriety amongst both health-care workers and public. Self-poisoning with medicines such as benzodiazepines and antidepressants is common in urban areas, but associated with few deaths. The antimalarial chloroquine appears the most significant medicine, self-poisoning being common in both Africa and the Pacific region, and often fatal. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is used in many countries but in few has it reached the popularity typical of the UK. Domestic and industrial chemicals are responsible for significant numbers of deaths and long-term disabilities world-wide. Self-poisoning with plant parts, although uncommon globally, is locally popular in some regions. Few of these poisons have specific antidotes. This emphasizes the importance of determining whether interventions aimed at reducing poison absorption actually produce a clinical benefit, reducing death and complication rates. Future research to improve medical management and find effective ways of reducing the incidence of self-harm, together with more widespread provision of interventions proven to be effective, could rapidly reduce the number of deaths from self-poisoning in the developing world.  (+info)

Purification and structure elucidation of the N-acetylbacillosamine-containing polysaccharide from Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945. (4/69)

The exopolysaccharide of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945 (formerly B. subtilis ATCC 9945) contains among other glycoses 4-acetamido-2-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucose, termed N-acetylbacillosamine (Bac2N4NAc). A similar diamino glycose, 2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucose, was found in a surface layer (S-layer) glycoprotein preparation of Clostridium symbiosum HB25. Electron microscopic studies, however, showed that B. licheniformis ATCC 9945 is not covered with an S-layer lattice, indicating that the N-acetylbacillosamine present in that organism might be a constituent of a cell wall-associated polymer. For elucidation of the structure of the N-acetylbacillosamine-containing polysaccharide, it was purified from a trichloroacetic acid extract of B. licheniformis ATCC 9945 cells. Using different hydrolysis protocols and a hydrolysate of the S-layer glycoprotein preparation from C. symbiosum HB25 as reference, the purified polysaccharide was found to contain 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxy-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-galactose and galactose in a molar ratio of 1 : 1 : 1 : 2. One- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, including 800 MHz proton magnetic resonance measurements, in combination with chemical modification and degradation experiments, revealed that the polysaccharide consists of identical pyruvylated pentasaccharide repeating units with the structure: [-->3)-[(S)Py-(3,4)-beta-D-Galp-(1-->6)]-alpha-D-GlcpNAc-(1-->3)-beta-D-Bacp2N4NA c-(1-->3)-[(S)Py-(3,4)-beta-D-Galp-(1-->6)]-beta-D-GalpNAc-(1-->](n)  (+info)

Ingestion of caustic substances and its complications. (5/69)

CONTEXT: Caustic substances cause tissue destruction through liquefaction or coagulation reactions and the intensity of destruction depends on the type, concentration, time of contact and amount of the substance ingested. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the complications in patients who ingested caustic substances and correlate them with the amount of caustic soda ingested. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital, a referral center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 239 patients who ingested caustic soda. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The amount of granulated caustic substance ingested was measured as tablespoonfuls and the following complications were analyzed: esophagitis, esophageal stenosis and progression to cancer, fistulas, perforations, stomach lesions, brain abscesses, and death. Stenosis was classified as mild, moderate or severe according to the radiological findings. RESULTS: We observed an 89.3 % incidence of esophagitis; 72.6 % of the cases involved progression to stenosis and 1 per cent died during the acute phase. Stenosis was mild in 17.6 % of cases, moderate in 59.3 % and severe in 23 %. The incidence of stenosis was 80.8 per cent in women and 62.5 % in men. The incidence of stenosis was 46.9 % in the group that ingested "fragments" and 93.6 % in the group that ingested one or more tablespoonfuls of caustic substances. Among subjects who ingested one or more tablespoonfuls, 32.2 % developed lesions of the stomach-duodenum, whereas the ingestion of "fragments" was not sufficient to induce these lesions. There was no correlation between the intensity of lesions of the esophagus and of the stomach. Progression to cancer of the esophagus occurred in 1.8 % of cases, death during the chronic phase in 1.4 %, perforations in 4.6 %, fistulas in 0.9 %, and brain abscesses in 1.4 %. CONCLUSIONS: The complications were related to the amount of caustic soda ingested. Small amounts caused esophagitis or stenosis and large amounts increased the risk of fistulas, perforations and death.  (+info)

In vitro gas production measurements to evaluate interactions between untreated and chemically treated rice straws, grass hay, and mulberry leaves. (6/69)

In vitro gas production was measured to investigate associative effects of untreated and chemically treated rice straw (RS) and of RS and grass hay or mulberry leaves (ML). The RS was treated with NaOH, urea, or (NH4)HCO3. Cumulative gas production was recorded at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 96 h of incubation, and the Gompertz function was used to describe the kinetics of gas production. Treatment with NaOH, urea, and NH4HCO3 increased (P < 0.05) gas production at 48 h by 55, 52, and 37% and the maximum rate of gas production of RS from 0.64 to 1.51, 1.27, and 1.13 mL/h, respectively. The inclusion of treated straws, hay, and ML in a mixture with RS at increasing proportions (25, 50, 75, 100%) elevated cumulative gas production and its rate. Maximum gas production was not different between the RS and its mixtures with the treated straws, but inclusion of hay into RS or NH4HCO3-treated RS increased the maximum gas production. Associative effects were defined as the difference between the observed gas production for the mixtures and the sum of the individual component feeds. The NaOH-treated RS, included at higher proportions, had positive associative effects at all times of incubation < 96 h; effects were negative or absent at 96 h. No effects were observed with mixtures of RS with urea-treated RS. The NH4HCO3-treated RS mixture tended to have negative associative effects at all three levels. Positive associative effects (P < 0.05) were observed for both RS and NH4HCO3-treated RS at almost all inclusion levels of hay or ML after 12 to 96 h of incubation. The response was more pronounced with ML than with hay. Associative effects generally declined with duration of incubation. We conclude that positive associative effects on in vitro gas production occurred more consistently when RS was incubated in mixtures with hay or ML than when incubated in mixtures with chemically treated RS.  (+info)

Trichloroacetic acid as a biomarker of exposure to disinfection by-products in drinking water: a human exposure trial in Adelaide, Australia. (7/69)

We addressed the need for a biomarker of ingestion exposure to drinking water disinfection by-products by performing a human exposure trial. We evaluated urinary excretion of trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) as an exposure biomarker using 10 volunteers who normally consume their domestic tap water. We recruited the volunteers at a water quality research laboratory in Adelaide, Australia. Participants maintained a detailed consumption and exposure diary over the 5-week study. We also analyzed tap water and first morning urine (FMU) samples for TCAA, and tap water for chloral hydrate (CH). We documented both interindividual and intraindividual variability in TCAA ingestion and urinary excretion, and both were substantial. With a TCAA-free bottled water intervention, we used creatinine-adjusted urinary TCAA levels to estimate urinary TCAA excretion half-lives for three of the participants. We observed correspondence over time between estimated TCAA excretion, calculated from TCAA + CH ingestion levels, and measured TCAA urinary excretion. This study demonstrates the merits and feasibility of using TCAA in FMU as an exposure biomarker, and reveals remaining concerns about possible alternate sources of TCAA exposure for individuals with low drinking water ingestion exposure.  (+info)

IGF-I, IgA, and IgG responses to bovine colostrum supplementation during training. (8/69)

This study examined the effect of bovine colostrum (Dynamic colostrum) supplementation on blood and saliva variables (study 1) and the absorption of orally administered human recombinant insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I (rhIGF-I) labeled with 123I (123I-rhIGF-I) (study 2). In study 1, adult male and female athletes were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either an experimental (Dynamic; n = 19) or a control (Placebo; n = 11) group. The former consumed daily 20 g of Dynamic supplement, and the latter 20 g of maltodextrin during a 2-wk training period. After bovine colostrum supplementation, significant increases were noticed in serum IGF-I (P < 0.01) and saliva IgA (P < 0.01) in Dynamic compared with Placebo. In study 2, gel electrophoresis was carried out in 12 adult subjects with serum samples taken 60 min after ingestion of 123I-rhIGF-I and showed peaks at 0.6 and at 40-90 kDa, with the former inducing 96% and the latter 4% of the total radioactivity. It was concluded that a long-term supplementation of bovine colostrum (Dynamic) increases serum IGF-I and saliva IgA concentration in athletes during training. Absorption data show that ingested 123I-rhIGF-I is fragmented in circulation and that no radioactive IGF-I is eluted at the positions of free, or the IGF, binding proteins, giving no support to the absorption of IGF-I from bovine colostrum.  (+info)

*Caustic

... sometimes called caustic potash Calcium oxide, sometimes called caustic lime Caustic may also refer to: Caustic (optics), the ... in differential geometry Caustic (band), an American industrial/powernoise band Caustic Window, an alias of Aphex Twin ( ... Caustic most commonly refers to: Causticity, a property of various corrosive substances Sodium hydroxide, sometimes called ... or the projection of that envelope of rays on another surface Caustic (mathematics), the envelope of rays reflected or ...

*Caustic Grip

"Front Line Assembly - Caustic Grip". Wax Trax! Records. Retrieved March 27, 2014. "Front Line Assembly > Caustic Grip". ... Caustic Grip is an album by Front Line Assembly, originally released on Third Mind Records in Europe and on WaxTrax! Records in ... Caustic Grip also marked the beginning of the long-standing collaboration with Canadian record producer Greg Reely who assumed ... Front Line Assembly: Caustic Grip/Gashed Senses and Crossfire > Overview at AllMusic. Retrieved March 27, 2014. Schock, David ( ...

*Caustic ingestion

... occurs when someone accidentally or deliberately ingests a caustic or corrosive substance. Depending on the ... Chirica, Mircea; Bonavina, Luigi; Kelly, Michael D; Sarfati, Emile; Cattan, Pierre (2017). "Caustic ingestion". The Lancet. 389 ...

*Caustic (optics)

Rainbow caustics Caustic fringes Guardado, Juan (2004). "Chapter 2. Rendering Water Caustics". In Fernando, Randima. GPU Gems: ... In optics, a caustic or caustic network is the envelope of light rays reflected or refracted by a curved surface or object, or ... Rippling caustics are commonly formed when light shines through waves on a body of water. Another familiar caustic is the ... In computer graphics, most modern rendering systems support caustics. Some of them even support volumetric caustics. This is ...

*Caustic Christ

... played their last show on May 5, 2009 and have disbanded.[1] In 2015, Caustic Christ reunited to play two shows ... Caustic Christ was a hardcore punk band from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They were on Havoc Records. In late 2000, Bill (best ... "Caustic Christ members join up for a one-off reunion". Pittsburgh City Paper. Retrieved 2015-08-24. Ron Wingrove - Former ... Caustic Christ 7" (Havoc Records, 2001) Can't Relate LP (Havoc Records, 2003) Government Job 7" (Havoc Records, 2004) Public ...

*Caustic (mathematics)

It is related to the concept of caustics in optics. The ray's source may be a point (called the radiant) or parallel rays from ... In differential geometry and geometric optics, a caustic is the envelope of rays either reflected or refracted by a manifold. ... More generally, especially as applied to symplectic geometry and singularity theory, a caustic is the critical value set of a ... Arnold, V. I.; Varchenko, A. N.; Gusein-Zade, S. M. (1985). The Classification of Critical Points, Caustics and Wave Fronts: ...

*Spent caustic

... thus consuming the caustic. Ethylene spent caustic comes from the caustic scrubbing of cracked gas from an ethylene cracker. ... spent caustics) are often mixed and called refinery spent caustic. This spent caustic is contaminated with sulfides, carbonates ... Spent caustic is a waste industrial caustic solution that has become exhausted and is no longer useful (or spent). Spent ... Most ethylene spent caustics are disposed of through wet air oxidation. Suarez, F. "Pluses and Minuses of Caustic Treating", ...

*Caustic humour

... is a type of humour which relies on witty insults. As is implied by the name (which literally means humour which ...

*Caustic Resin

Built to Spill and Caustic Resin collaborated on the 1995 release, Built to Spill Caustic Resin. The two bands also recorded ... Official Caustic Resin website Caustic Resin video Official Built to Spill website History of Boise Rock Event Listing. ... was released Martsch cited Caustic Resin as an important and major influence on his music. With gaining interest Caustic Resin ... Caustic Resin is an indie rock band from Boise, Idaho, who have released several albums for Up Records, Alias Records, and C/Z ...

*Cerebral Caustic

... is the seventeenth full-length studio album by British post-punk group The Fall, released in 1995 on Permanent ... Cerebral Caustic turned out to be the beginning of a period of considerable turbulence for the group; having not dismissed ... http://www.visi.com/fall/gigography/gig95.html A web page about the launch of Cerebral Caustic from Invisiblegirl.co.uk. ...

*Caustic embrittlement

... is the phenomenon in which the material of a boiler becomes brittle due to the accumulation of caustic ...

*Caustic pencil

A caustic pencil (or silver nitrate stick) is a device for applying topical medication containing silver nitrate and potassium ... The silver and potassium nitrates in caustic pencils is in a dried, solid form at the tip of a wooden or plastic stick. When ...

*Caustic bush

... could refer to many plant species including: Grevillea dimidiata, a small tree or shrub which is endemic to ...

*Caustic Window (album)

Richardson, Mark (30 June 2014). "Caustic Window - Caustic Window LP". Pitchfork. Retrieved 30 June 2014. Caustic Window ... Caustic Window is an eponymous album by Richard D. James, under the alias Caustic Window. Originally planned for release in ... "The return of The Aphex Twin, and Caustic Window". Uncut. Retrieved 14 August 2015. "Album Review: Aphex Twin - Caustic Window ... "Aphex Twin's unreleased Caustic Window album is now available digitally through Kickstarter". Fact. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 30 ...

*Caustic Eye Productions

Caustic Eye functions as the liaison between the artist and the production facility, or in the case of limited edition titles, ... Caustic Eye Productions is a small Charleston, West Virginia based record label and promotions company that was started in ... In addition to the catalogued releases, Caustic Eye has assisted bands with promotional CDs and other co-released projects. The ... 2: Greensboro" CAUS012 ::: Stone Ka-Tet - "Stone Ka-Tet" CAUS013 ::: V/A - "Guilty By Association: Five Years of Caustic Eye" ...

*Built to Spill Caustic Resin

... was an EP released by indie rock bands Built to Spill and Caustic Resin. The EP was less a split ... Smith, Ethan (1995-12-01). "Built to Spill Caustic Resin". EW.com. Retrieved 2017-07-31. Built to Spill Caustic Resin liner ... Caustic Resin) Doug Martsch - vocals and guitar (Built to Spill) Tom Romich - bass (Caustic Resin) The track "Shit Brown Eyes" ... The album attributes the first two tracks to Built to Spill, the third to Caustic Resin and the last to Tae Won Yu from his ...

*Crewel Lye: A Caustic Yarn

... is the eighth book of the Xanth series by Piers Anthony. This book is a story within a story as one ... Ivy uses her talent of enhancement - and some caustic Crewel Lye to strip off centuries of accrued grime - to improve the range ...

*Blacksun Festival

Caustic , Chemlab , Claire Voyant , Combichrist , CTRL , Das Ich , Filament 38 , Informatik , Interrogation , Jenn Vix , The ...

*Reverence (music festival)

Caustic , The Gothsicles , Null Device , Sensuous Enemy , Cyanotic , The Dark Clan , glassGhosts , Captive Six , Parasite Twin ... Caustic , CTRLSHFT , God Module , Heliosphere , Null Device , Sensuous Enemy , Stochastic Theory , Stromkern and a surprise ... Caustic , Prometheus Burning , mindFluxFuneral , Filament 38 , In Tenebris , CTRLSHFT , Endif , The Gothsicles , Sensuous Enemy ...

*C.O.M.A.

Caustic , Left Side Neighbour , Astyplaz , Necessary Response , FGFC820 , Pride and Fall , Assemblage 23 , Das Ich , Icon of ... Caustic , Aliceffekt , Iszoloscope , Komor Kommando , Synapscape , FGFC 820 , SAM , Decoded Feedback , Absolute Body Control , ...

*CexCells

Caustic. Retrieved December 17, 2009. La Gorce, Tammy. "Cexcells - Blaqk Audio - Review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved ...

*Simon Tam (musician)

"The Beat is Loose Album credits". Caustic Fallout. Retrieved January 6, 2015. "The world's only Asian-American dance rockers: Q ...

*OSI (band)

"OSI Interview". Caustic Truths. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2010-02-27. "OSI: Free". InsideOut Music. ...

*Jack Cafferty

Kurtz, Howard (2006-02-27). "Caustic Commentator". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Sachs, Andrea (15 September 2007 ...

*Ninety Pound Wuss (album)

Caustic Fallout. Retrieved June 2, 2015. Ninety Pound Wuss at Discogs (list of releases). ...
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Spent caustic is a waste industrial caustic solution that has become exhausted and is no longer useful (or spent). Spent caustics are made of sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, water, and contaminants. The contaminants have consumed the majority of the sodium (or potassium) hydroxide and thus the caustic liquor is spent, for example, in one common application H2S (gas) is scrubbed by the NaOH (aqueous) to form NaHS (aq) and H2O (l), thus consuming the caustic. Ethylene spent caustic comes from the caustic scrubbing of cracked gas from an ethylene cracker. This liquor is produced by a caustic scrubbing tower. Ethylene product gas is contaminated with H 2S(g) and CO2(g), and those contaminants are removed by absorption in the caustic scrubbing tower to produce NaHS(aq) and Na 2CO 3(aq). The sodium hydroxide is consumed and the resulting wastewater (ethylene spent caustic) is contaminated with the sulfides and carbonates and a small fraction of organic compounds. Refinery spent caustic comes ...
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After noticing the nice caustic through a glass of cognac one late evening I decided to simulate it. Not having a 3d-model of a cognac glass (or a modeling package) I ended up writing a program that would take a number of sample points a generate a smooth spline curve, which was then used to generate a surface of revolution. This image was rendered on a P-90 in 4 hours using 64 samples per pixel, and something around 200.000 photons for the caustic. Notice the detail in the caustic as well as the smoothly connected caustic & shadow boundary. The high number of pixel-samples was necessary to reduce noise in the depth-of-field simulation. ...
vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Caustic soda Liquid Caustic soda uses electrolysis method which result in pure liquid caustic-soda and free of metal impurities, and are marketed in two types: 30% -33% and 48% -50%; which are according to ISIRI 364 Standard and conventional caustic-Soda.... Read more ... ...
vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Caustic soda Liquid Caustic soda uses electrolysis method which result in pure liquid caustic-soda and free of metal impurities, and are marketed in two types: 30% -33% and 48% -50%; which are according to ISIRI 364 Standard and conventional caustic-Soda.... Read more ... ...
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Request a free sample copy of the report: http://www.imarcgroup.com/request?type=report&id=655&flag=B. The potassium carbonate manufacturing industry represents the biggest end-use segment, accounting for the majority of the total global consumption. Apart from this, caustic potash is also a powerful cleaning agent, found in variphate detergents, etc. It also acts as an anti-foaming agent in the manufacturing process of paper, besides being used in industrial fertilizers such as fungicides and herbicides. Some of the other applications of caustic potash include the manufacturing of potassium chemicals (acetates, cyanides, permanganates and citrates), neutralization agents, batteries, etc.. On the basis of regional segmentation, North America represents the largest producer of caustic potash, accounting for more than one-third of the total market share. Some of the other regions include Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. The analysis of the competitive landscape finds ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about caustic at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about caustic easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
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We combine salt and electricity to produce chlorine and caustic soda, commonly referred to as chlor-alkali at our Calvert City and Geismar facilities. Our caustic soda is sold primarily to external customers for various end use markets such as organic and inorganic chemicals, neutralization, bleach, pulp and paper, and alumina.
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0019] The cleaning system can include additional components or agents, such as additional functional materials. As such, in some embodiments, the caustic detergent including the alkalinity source, corrosion inhibitor and surfactant component may provide a large amount, or even all of the total weight of the caustic detergent, for example, in embodiments having few or no additional functional materials disposed therein. Likewise, in some embodiments, the rinse solution including water and the chelating acid may provide a large amount or even all of the total weight of the rinse solution, for example, in embodiments having few or no additional functional materials disposed therein. The functional materials provide desired properties and functionalities to the cleaning system. For the purpose of this application, the term "functional materials" includes a material that when dispersed or dissolved in a use and/or concentrate solution, such as an aqueous solution, provides a beneficial property in a ...
A caustic pencil (or silver nitrate stick) is a device for applying topical medication containing silver nitrate and potassium nitrate, used to chemically cauterize skin, providing hemostasis or permanently destroying unwanted tissue such as a wart, skin tag, aphthous ulcers, or over-production of granulation tissue. They are not used as a treatment for minor skin cuts, and should not to be confused with a styptic pencil. The silver and potassium nitrates in caustic pencils is in a dried, solid form at the tip of a wooden or plastic stick. When the material is applied to a wound or lesion, the tissue moisture or blood dissolves the dried nitrate salts, which then chemically burn the tissue. It requires moisture for activation. Silver nitrate sticks are often used for minor hemostasis where patients are not under general anesthesia, and where electrocautery would be painful and inconvenient. One common use of silver nitrate sticks is in Emergency Medicine, to control epistaxis (nosebleed). The ...
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Caustic paste disbudding is becoming more commonplace in North America. A large body of work has examined pain control for cautery disbudding and surgical dehorning, but fewer studies have evaluated pain control for caustic paste disbudding, and results conflict regarding benefits of local anesthesia. In humans, the pain associated with a caustic, chemical burn can differ in nature, duration, and intensity compared with a thermal burn. The objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of either a lidocaine cornual nerve block or a topical anesthetic incorporated into caustic paste on the acute pain of caustic paste disbudding ...
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CAS 123-31-9 540-72-7 7757-83-7 1310-73-2 REVERSAL COM-PAK FIRST DEVELOPER 1 hydroquinone (sara iii)
sodium thiocyanate
sodium sulfite
caustic soda
msds toxicity property
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Lookup HS Codes for Greece vi 28.15.20 Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash). Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Greece.
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First thing to do, is to ensure that you have all the tools, chemicals, and items needed to mix and produce a good 500 ml of 1891 "Rodinal". Check all of your containers and tools, to ensure that they are "clean and dry". Next, get four Dixie cups to place the chemicals in. Second, get two glass jars, a deep pan, a empty 2 liter apple juice bottle/w cap, and cold water..., about 64 oz.. Pour enough water in the deep pan to nearly fill it and measure 100 ml of water into one of your two jars. Next measure out 25 grams of caustic alkali in one of your Dixie cups and pour that into the jar of 100 ml of water. Stir the caustic alkali to make a solution, while holding the jar in the deep pan of cold water, to keep the caustic solution cool. Or..., when you feel the warmth of the caustic solution, place it in the deep pan of water, continuing to stir until it becomes clear ...
6] According to Noyes ([2]) and Smith ([30]), one system that avoids caustic, and also water, uses liquid ammonia mercerization. This method of mercerization has no highly-alkaline wastewater stream. The ammonia gas is recovered and reused ...
A variety of different Spill Response Kits for Body Fluids, Acids Caustics, Solvents are now available from Spill Station Australia. They are suitable for almost all types of liquids. Kits are colour coded and a training package is available.
Nanotechnology Applied to the Biodesulfurization of Fossil Fuels and Spent Caustic Streams: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9545-0.ch012: The use of nanostructured materials in combination with desulfurizing microorganisms is a promising technique that would improve the desulfurization processes
Consuming ashes is, at the least, extremely harmful to dogs. Most folks do not know that the old time way of acquiring lye for soap making is to leach water through hardwood ashes. The leachate is lye, a dangerously caustic substance, both internally and externally. However, even the ash of non-hardwoods when soaked with water will produce a severely caustic substance. If an unknown quantity of wet ashes and/or the soil underneath is ingested by a dog it causes acute alkalosis. In other words, the dogs ph drops too low, too fast for its body to recover and acts like a toxin, killing the dog within a couple days. The dog suffers miserably. We know ...
The effect of chemical cleaning on the nanofiltration of two pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs),. namely sulfamethoxazole and carbamazepine, was investigated. Membrane cleaning was simulated by. exposing the virgin membrane samples to cleaning reagents including acidic, caustic, sodium dodecyl. sulphate (SDS), and ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid (EDTA) under controlled conditions. Prolonged. exposure to acid and SDS rendered the membrane slightly less negatively charged. Caustic and acidic. cleaning, however, resulted in a marked increase in the membrane surface hydrophobicity. In addition,. it is hypothesised that chemical cleaning may alter the porosity of the polymeric matrix and even the. hydrophilicity within the membrane active layer. Indeed, caustic cleaning led to an increase in the membrane permeability while acidic cleaning produced the opposite effect. An increase in the membrane permeability was also observed as a result of SDS and EDTA cleaning. This hypothesis is also ...
A process is described for the microdemetalization of an aluminized mylar film, the steps including the printing of a micropattern of a caustic resistant, U.V. curable resin on the aluminum surface, etching of the exposed aluminum with a warm saturated caustic solution, followed immediately by rinsing the patterned surface with an acidic solution to neutralize the caustic and stop the etching. Micropatterns having line widths as small as 0.2 mils may be formed by the process.
I wish there was such a thing as a completely natural soap made only from coconut oil, olive oil, essential oils etc. But this is unfortunately impossible. There is absolutely no way to make a bar soap without using lye.. The basic reaction that is needed to make soap, called saponification, cannot occur without some form of lye reacting with some form of oil. Lye is actually a general term for a very strong alkali. There are two alkalis that can be used to make soap: sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and potassium hydroxide. Both are considered lye, but the potassium hydroxide is not strong enough to make a solid soap. It is only used for making liquid soaps.. Therefore sodium hydroxide cannot be substituted for potassium hydroxide and vice versa because soap making recipes will have different quantity requirements for these two chemicals depending on the kind of soap being manufactured. In addition, the quantities required for soap saponification differ when using caustic soda and hydrated ...
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A group of local dentists and a state health official will meet with city commissioners on Monday to discuss the proposed restart of the water fluoridation program.. The commissions agenda for the regular meeting includes a presentation by Drs. John Siebrasse, Barry Heavrin, Justin Ebersole, Joe Wommack and Ron Findley. The dentists plan to be joined by the Kansas Department of Health and Environments Pam Smith, who will answer questions regarding fluoride.. The city discontinued the decades-long practice of adding fluoride at the water treatment plant in 2013 because of corrosion in piping at the point where fluoride and caustic soda were added. The city later replaced the elbow pipe where the corrosion occurred and continued adding caustic soda, which is necessary, but never re-introduced fluoride, which promotes healthy teeth but is not mandated by KDHE.. The commission agreed to have an engineering firm design plans to relocate the fluoride ejection point, but higher priorities and a high ...
A friend at work brought this scary phenomenon to my attention. According to wikipedia, a recent study found traces of mercury in high fructose corn syrup. Heres the excerpt from wikipedia: In 2009, according to a peer-reviewed report published by Environmental Health, high-fructose corn syrup has been found to be commonly tainted with mercury. Traces of mercury have been found in name-brand foods from makers such as Quaker, Hunts, Manwich, Hersheys, Smuckers, Kraft, Nutri-Grain, and Yoplait. Mercury is a highly toxic substance. It makes its way into high-fructose corn syrup during its production. Several chemicals are required to make high-fructose corn syrup, including caustic soda, hydrochloric acid, alpha-amylase, gluco-amylase, isomerase, powdered carbon, calcium chloride, and magnesium sulfate. Caustic soda and hydrochloric acid can contain traces of mercury.The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, tested 55 consumer items, finding mercury in one third of the samples ranging ...
Leading manufacturers and exporters of chemicals such as acetic acid, caustic soda, hydrogen peroxide, paraformaldehyde, ethyl acetate, acid dyes, aniline, formic acid, methanol, potato starch, vs base dyes & direct dyes, salt free/liquid, caustic soda flakes, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, he brand & me brand, pigments, etc. Ekta International, Mumbai Mumbai
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From 1982 to 1990, 222 children (mean age 2.5 years, range 1-11 years) were admitted to Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital for suspected caustic ingestion. In 126 cases (56.7%) esophageal injuries...
Essentially stripping involves heating up the oil to 50 degrees C and adding a strong solution of Sodium hydroxide ( NaOH, drain cleaner) and water to the oil and mixing it thoroughly. The NaOH, water and FFAs combine to produce soap (saponification)and water. Glycerol is then added and mixed with the oil and as the glycerol settles to the bottom of the vessel it takes most of the soap and water with it. The improvement to the oil is quite spectacular, on my first try I achieved a reduction in titration of 19ml (KOH) to 4.5ml (KOH ...
The Major Importers listed comprise those which collectively account for up to 80% of all imports (in terms of $ value) for the selected city. This list does not include individuals or importers whose importer numbers are unavailable. The importer is not necessarily the end-user of the product. Return to footnote2 referrer ...
Alkaline batteries are fairly inert. Theyre just zinc powder and manganese dioxide with potassium hydroxide (a.k.a. caustic potash) as an electrolyte. The only part of them that runs a risk of affecting plants is the caustic potash, which can screw with the alkalinity of the soil (but not by a whole lot; potash is found naturally in the soil in certain locations). This is why in most places in America you can just toss alkaline batteries in the trash, rather than having to dispose of them in a special manner (California has different laws that I believe are similar to Europes ...
The Department of Energy (DOE) selected Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) as the preferred technology for the removal of radioactive cesium from High-Level Waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Before the full-scale Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) becomes operational, the Closure Business Unit (CBU) plans to process a portion of dissolved saltcake waste through a Modular CSSX Unit (MCU). This work was derived from Technical Task Request SP-TTR-2004-00013, Gamma Monitor for MCU. The deliverables for this task are the hardware and software for the gamma monitors and a report summarizing the testing and acceptance of this equipment for use in the MCU. Gamma-ray monitors are required to: (1) Measure the Cs-137 concentration in the decontaminated salt solution before entering the DSS (Decontaminated Salt Solution) Hold Tank, (2) Measure the Cs-137 concentration in the strip effluent before entering the Strip Effluent Hold Tank, (3) Verify proper operation of the solvent extraction
0102] In some aspects the ratio of the aminocarboxylate to the water conditioning polymer to the sequestrant is in a ratio of from about 1:1:1 to about 5:1:10, preferably from about 1:1:1 to about 2.5:1:5. In some aspects the ratio of the aminocarboxylate to the water conditioning polymer is from about 1:5 to about 5:1, preferably from about 1:3 to about 3:1, preferably from about 1:2.5 to about 2.5:1, preferably from about 1:2 to about 2:1, or about 1:1. In a preferred aspect, the ratio of the aminocarboxylate to the water conditioning polymer is about 2:1. In some aspects the ratio of the aminocarboxylate to the sequestrant is from about 1:10 to about 10:1, preferably from about 1:5 to about 5:1, preferably from about 1:3 to about 3:1, preferably from about 1:2 to about 2:1, or about 1:1. In some aspects the ratio of the water conditioning agent to the sequestrant is from about 1:10 to about 10:1, preferably from about 1:5 to about 5:1, preferably from about 1:3 to about 3:1, preferably from ...
sewer processes refereed paper technical features 86 MARCH 2011 water Discussion From the trends illustrated in Figure 8, it is evident that the optimised Caustic Wash was able to maintain dramatically reduced H2S levels for a period well in excess of 20 days (at which point the LAP had to be shut down for other operational reasons). Unfortunately, since the LAP is critical operational infrastructure, we did not have the luxury to control its operation purely for the benefit of obtaining an ideal set of experimental results. Hence, the precise duration of these reduced H2S levels, under controlled conditions, is undetermined. The trend from Wash #3 (Figure 8) suggests that several months of good results may be achieved from an optimised Caustic Wash. It was found that after several washes, both the magnitude and duration of the H2S decrease significantly improved. After Wash#3, H2S levels remained quite low for a period in excess of in excess of 180 days, which is in support of Figure 8. At 180 ...
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It all started one day at work while I was on a phone meeting. I started feeling some mild discomfort that grew until I was actually in a lot of pain with pressure (in the center of my lower chest, upper stomach area), could hardly breathe, and felt like I was both going to both pass out and throw up at the same time. I thought that I was having a heart attack. And all I could think was, just great. I finally decide to take control of my life and get healthy and its too late and Im going to die anyway. (I think that I had lost about 20 or so lbs at that stage). So, I went down to the security office at work, put my head down on the counter and said, "I think Im having a heart attack." They hustled me into the office and whipped out an oxygen mask, started taking vital statistics and called EMS. Of course, right around the time that EMS came, I started feeling better and of course then started feeling really embarrassed for causing such a fuss. EMS convinced me that I should run down to see ...
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I would answer your query this way, they do it the way God made them to do it. And they have found one Kind o Dinosaur that has a huge weird nasal cavity and they dont know what it is for really. There is a beetle called the Bombardier beetle, this little bug mixes explosives and then fires it from a turret like apparatus under him. This little bug keeps these liquids separate, then mixes them to blow, adds an inhibitor so he dont blow up and sends this caustic solution to the turret. Then he sends quick little bursts of this caustic fluid at his enemy because one huge burst would send him flying... Very interesting system in a beetle, think how easy it would be to get that type of system into a huge Dinosaur ...
Information on vesicants -- potential agents for chemical terrorism. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The old " soft foods" theory of malocclusion and dental crowding has raised its head again in a report published in PLOS ONE (phys.org/news/2015-02-malocclusion-dental-crowding-arose-years.html). Noting that hunter-gatherers had almost no malocclusion and dental crowding, while the condition was common among the worlds earliest farmers, the authors state with assurance that the diet of the hunter-gatherer "was based on hard foods like wild uncooked vegetables and meat, while the staple diet of the sedentary farmer is based on soft foods like cereals and legumes. With soft cooked foods there is less of a requirement for chewing, which in turns lessens the size of the jaws but without a corresponding reduction in the dimensions of the teeth." Sigh. . . there is just so much wrong with these conclusions, starting with the assumption that the hunter-gatherer did not cook his food. Quite the contrary, descriptions of hunter-gatherer populations indicate that they cooked a large part of their ...
Boy! These are fascinating. Ive spent far too much time trying to figure out the logic behind them. Obviously, the covers werent chosen to fit the contents. My guess is that theyre chosen to appeal to people looking for some escapist reading and who are unfamiliar with the classics. E.g., maybe they hope that young women looking for a Bridget Jones type of book will pick The Iron Heel by Conrad because the cover of a ditzy woman with shopping bags leads them to believe that the word heel in the title refers to high heels. The publishers probably figure theyll sell more books that way, since vastly more people are looking for books like Bridget Jones than for classics ...
2015) Applications of Bioinformatics in Plant and Agriculture. chapters: The Omics of Plant Science. We sound keywords to pay your study with our size.
Friday I watched Cold Mountain. (If you havent yet seen this film and dont want to know what happens, just skip on down to the next entry.) Frankly, I thought it sucked. The only people in the movie worth paying attention to were Renee Zellweiger and maybe Jack White. I could happily have lived without just about everyone else. Particularly Jude Law. Im walking, Im pouting and sullen, oh, does she love me or not? Oh, what is war for? Yeah, shut up. And Nicole Kidman was alright in her interactions with Renee, but otherwise it was a lot more Oh, woe is me! Does he still love me? When is he coming back? Oh, weep weep Im so weak and I dont know WHAT Ill do! Yeah, shut up. And you spend all that time with the two lovers writing sappy letters to each other and mooning around, and in the end (LOOK OUT! HERE THERE BE SPOILERS!) he fucking dies anyway. Why didnt he do that an hour and a half earlier and save us all a shitload of ...
Anyway, I was interested in finding a way to generate caustic-like images cheaply. Armed with this knowledge that caustics can be seen as folds of some manifold mapping to another I was able to produce I really cheap algorithm. Basically I take the plane. I deform it using a random function (eg. Perlin noise or something synthesised in the Fourier domain). I then render the deformed plane. I do this by tesselating the plane as triangles. Each triangle in the tesselation represents a beam with triangular cross section. So the key thing is to ensure that the amount of light going through each triangle is the same before and after deformation. In other words, if the deformation makes a triangle twice as large I make it half as bright and vice versa. Thats it. Animate the deformation nicely and you get something that looks just like the patterns at the bottom of a pool rendered in real-time and without have to use any knowledge of optics. It essentially looks like caustics simply because of the ...
Looking at their other forthcoming books, I am much intrigued: they pretty much all look like things I want to read. That they are including an H. E. Bates story collection is highly commendable, what with Bates being a brilliant writer at novella/short story length. Hes one of those guys who everybody reads while they (the writer, not the reader) are alive, but then vanish into a black hole of neglect when they die. Only a few of his literally BILLIONS of books are now in print, but his previous ubiquity does at least mean that almost every second-hand bookshop in the known universe contains at least a few of his story collections. If you know whats good for you, you will read one of them and see what Im talking about ...
Israel Julián-Macías,1,* Carolina Rickenstorff-Parrao,2 Omar de Jesús Cabrera-Rosas,1 Ernesto Espíndola-Ramos,1 Salvador Alejandro Juárez-Reyes,1 Paula Ortega-Vidals,1 Gilberto Silva-Ortigoza,1 and Citlalli Teresa Sosa-Sánchez1 1Facultad de Ciencias Físico Matemáticas de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 72001, Puebla, Pue., Mexico 2Facultad de Ciencias de la Electronica, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 72570, Puebla, Pue., Mexico *Corresponding author: [email protected] ...
That blurb (with a characteristic mis-spelling of Chatterley) comes from a book called 5 Wild Dames! This book came to my attention when I was complaining about the way some "authors" lend their names to other writers work. The most recent egregious example is the book allegedly co-written by Pans Labyrinth director Guillermo del Toro, The Strain, which was actually entirely written by one Chuck Hogan, working from a 12-page "treatment" of del Toros. I couldnt help feeling that there is no less inspiring a name, literarily speaking, than Chuck Hogan ...
Security devices which are difficult to reproduce include a grid screen metallization pattern. The grid screen metallization pattern may be laid down over a hologram or diffraction grating formed as a surface relief pattern on a substrate, to form a visually identifiable, semi-transparent security device. Additionally, the metallization pattern may include resonant structures in which information about the security device is encoded. In some embodiments of these security devices, the metallization pattern is disposed in accurate registration with the underlying hologram or diffraction grating. These security devices are made by methods which include printing an oil pattern on the substrate. Areas on which oil is deposited do not receive metal during a metallization step. Since these methods do not use caustics, metallization patterns including features which would otherwise trap and hold caustics are possible.
Fear, not surprisingly, bombards workplaces and lowers innovation brainpower, as does frustration or the watch-your-back syndrome. Whether it comes face-to-face or through Facebook, tone drives organizational innovation up or down. Unfortunately, when caustic communication rubs against brainpowered innovation, caustic usually wins. Youve likely noticed how toxic trumps ingenious in some… Read more ». ...
Synonyms for AgNO 3 in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for AgNO 3. 5 words related to silver nitrate: photographic emulsion, emulsion, lunar caustic, caustic, nitrate. What are synonyms for AgNO 3?
Patient with chronic benign esophageal stricture due to caustic ingestion (lye). This picture shows the laceration after gradual dilatation with guide wire bougienage. Although this is a benign stricture, the risk for esophageal cancer is increased in these patients ...
Before the 1960s caustic ingestion frequently involved solid or crystalline lye products with concentrations ,50%. Such products were extremely corrosive and caused extensive damage on contact with the mucosa, but the immediate burning pain on contact with the oral mucosa often caused the victim to spit out the solid material. Injury was limited usually to the mouth, pharynx, and esophagus and rarely affected the stomach. Reports vary, but free esophageal perforation and mediastinitis were common complications. Such experiences led to the belief that lye injured the esophagus with relative sparing of the stomach compared with acids. This dictum did not hold true with concentrated liquid lye preparations, which can be swallowed more easily and quickly than solid lye. In the late 1960s such products were introduced as drain cleaners in concentrations of 25-36%. They caused devastating injury. Complications included respiratory compromise, esophageal and gastric perforations, septicemia, and death. ...
Michael Reid, a 66 year old Electroplater at DMI (UK) Ltd, was drenched in concentrated sodium hydroxide, a highly caustic substance used at the plant for stripping. The tank required occasional top ups, where drums of the concentrated chemical were...
August is Childrens Eye Health and Safety Month, and as the prevalence of eye injuries is highest among children, its important for you and your kiddos to be aware of steps you can take to prevent them. While an eye injury can occur at any time and in any environment, close to 50% of injuries occur during sports and recreational activities. Adequate prevention is important and can probably eliminate most eye injuries. Heres what you need to know about your childs eye safety:,. What causes eye injuries?. Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by an object hitting the eye-something blunt, such as a ball or fist, or sharp, like a stick or projectile-or exposure to a caustic substance like a cleaning solution or pool supplies.. What are some common injuries to the eyeball itself?. The clear surface of the front of the eye (the cornea) can be scratched, and often causes pain, redness, and tearing. Treatment usually involves antibiotic eye drops or ointment and occasionally a ...
Foreword. Preface. Contributors. Section I. Pediatric. Chapter 1. Congenital Stridor. Christopher T. Wooten. Chapter 2. Laryngomalacia. Lluís Nisa and Kishore Sandu. Chapter 3. Laryngeal Cleft. Sophie G. Shay, Douglas Sidell, and Dinesh Chhetri. Chapter 4. Laryngeal Webs. Hannah Burns. Chapter 5. Pediatric Post-Intubation Airway Stenosis. Sarah N. Bowe and Christopher J. Hartnick. Chapter 6. Long-Segment Tracheal Stenosis. Michael J. Rutter and Claudia Schweiger. Chapter 7. Subglottic Haemangioma. James Johnston and Jacqueline Allen. Chapter 8. The Drooling Child. Silvia G. Marinone-Lares and Murali Mahadevan. Chapter 9. Supraglottic Cystic Lesion. Georgina Harris. Chapter 10. Pediatric Pharyngoesophageal Trauma Leading to Phagophobia. Mandy Henderson and Anna Miles. Chapter 11. Caustic Substance Ingestion in Children: New Management Strategies Versus Traditional Approaches. Ibrahim Uygun. Section II. Voice and Airway. Chapter 12. Phonotrauma Management. C. Blake Simpson and Raymond ...
For one, eco-friendly products are safer for your family. More and more individuals are developing allergies to chemicals used in old-fashioned products. We use all-natural products that are completely safe for your children and pets. Our Green Seal carpet cleaning solutions do not contain the same caustic substances used by other companies.. We also use HEPA filters, which safely remove air-borne pollutants like dander and dust. Some of those miniscule air-borne particles can even cause your family to become ill. Brighthouse Cleaning is not just concerned about the planet. We also care about your family, and want to make sure that we give you exceptional cleaning that is completely safe for your kids, pets and family.. We believe that Green Cleaning just makes sense. Its better for the planet and its better for your family. Its also cost-effective; but even if it wasnt, our company is committed to making a difference. Thats why we use all-natural products designed to keep the planet and ...
A MAN who slashed his own throat in front of staff at a psychiatric hospital was already dying, having taken an unidentified caustic substance, an inquest heard.
Definition of cauterize - burn the skin or flesh of (a wound) with a heated instrument or caustic substance in order to stop bleeding or to prevent infectio
Desc: Code specifying a type of process. Repr: an..17 Code Values: 1 Wood preparation A process to prepare wood. 2 Causticizing Treatment with a caustic agent. 3 Digesting A process of digesting. 4 Brownstock washing Washing with brownstock. 5 Bleaching Removing colour by treatment with an oxidizing agent (a bleach). 6 Pulp drying The process of drying pulp. 7 Freezing Freezing process. 8 Processing of structured information The information to be processed is in structured form. 9 Processing of identical information in structured and unstructured form The information to be processed is identical and given in structured and unstructured form. 10 Processing of different information in structured and unstructured form The information to be processed is different and is given in structured and unstructured form. 11 Processing of unstructured information The information to be processed is in unstructured form. 12 Slaughter Slaughter process. 13 Packing Packing process. 14 Heat sterilisation Treated ...
Looking for Burns, chemical? Find out information about Burns, chemical. Tissue destruction caused by caustic agents, irritant gases, or other chemical agents Explanation of Burns, chemical
Fireplace flame color enhancers may contain heavy metals and/or caustic agents. Fire gel starter may contain methanol or hydrocarbons; both are toxic in small quantities. Fires can release poisonous carbon monoxide into the air.
Miscella is distilled and filtered to remove hexane, which is recovered for re-use. The resulting product is crude soybean oil. The crude oil is then refined via three stages: water degumming, chemical refining and physical refining.. In water degumming, a sticky viscous oil-water emulsion or gum is removed by using water and a centrifuging process. Soy lecithin is obtained as a by-product of the degumming process. The chemical refining process removes free fatty acids from the oil using a caustic material such as sodium or potassium hydroxide. In physical refining, the oil is bleached and deodourised. Bleaching removes the yellow-orange carotenoid pigments and the green chlorophyll of the oil. Finally, deodourisation removes the odourous substances through a form of physical distilling, in which the oil is subjected to high temperatures under a vacuum for a short period of time. ...
Brewery Wash is a buffered alkaline CIP and general purpose cleaning powder that is an effective alternative for caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) products. Brewery Wash has been specially formulated to remove organic deposits commonly encountered in breweries. Brewery Wash can be used for general cleaning on a wide range of surfaces and equipment including but not limited to: floors, kegs, vats, brew kettles, heat exchangers, and whirlpools. Brewery Wash is safe to use on a wide variety of surfaces including but not limited to: stainless steel, aluminum, copper, brass, zinc, plastic, and painted surfaces. In addition to be very effective and versatile, Brewery Wash is also non-hazardous.. ...
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Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Do not use water on material itself. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Water spill: Add dilute caustic soda (NaOH). Add calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO)2). Add sodium sulfate (Na2SO4). Adjust pH to neutral (pH=7). Use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants and precipitates ...
Buy the way, we have some advantage in, Methanesulfonic acid 99% CAS?75-75-2, Methanesulfonyl chloride99.5% CAS?124-63-0 Para amino phenol CAS 123-30-8 Iron oxide, caustic soda, chrome green, soda ash, stearic acid, sodium formate, sulfonic acid, zinc oxide, CMC, Potassium hydroxide etc.. Contact: ...
Baru Rp 1.234 Jual Bahan-bahan kimia eceran dan grosir CLOSED Menthol Crystal Polar bear Silicon oil 350cst ex.Dow Sodium Benzoate Ex.China Propylene Glycol Ex DOw KALIM IRON OXIDE RED ZINC OXIDE ISOPORON IRON OXIDE RED TYPE 190 IRON OXIDE RED TYPE 129 IRON OXIDE GREEN IRON OXIDE BLUE IRON OXIDE YELLOW H2O2 ( hydrogen peroxide) HCL ALUMINIUM CLORIDE SODIUM HYDROSULFITE CAUSTIC SODA KAPORIT TABLET KAPORIT POWDER ALCOHOL 96% ( FOOD GRADE) ALCOHOL 96% ( FOOD GRADE) SODIUM META SILIKAT GELATIN LABSA KAPORIT CAIR ACETON CARNOUBA WAX PHOSPORIC ACID SMT NP 10 TSP TEA AQUADEST STTP SHMT PARAFIN SODIUM SULPHIDE ZINC SULFATE POLYMER PE 20 CEMPROX PE 40 CEMPROX BORAX BORIX FERRIC CLORIDE POWDER FERRIC CLORIDE LIQUID P.A.C 10% AMONIAC LIQUID 25% PHENOL LIQUID HYDROCLORIC ACID ALUMINIUM OXIDE Aceton 99, 9% Zinc Granular Zinc Oxide CITRIC ACID H2O2 50% H2O2 35% H2O2 30% AR ALCOHOL 96% ALCOHOL 99, 5% PHOSPORIC ACID SODIUM CARBONATE SODIUM BISULFITE ASAM PHOSTATE ASAM CROMATOPATE EDTA 2 NA EDTA 4 NA PEG 400 PEG 4000
Chlorine information online - news and publications about chlorine and caustic soda production and indepth information regarding chlor alkali, info about the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment from Euro Chlor. News and publications about chlorinated solvents from ECSA, the European Chlorinated Solvent Association.
Chlorine information online - news and publications about chlorine and caustic soda production and indepth information regarding chlor alkali, info about the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment from Euro Chlor. News and publications about chlorinated solvents from ECSA, the European Chlorinated Solvent Association.
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A Bahrain-based company, Midal Cables, announced its move to set up an aluminum conductor-and-rod manufacturing unit in the Indian state of Odisha. The total project will bring in about US $53 million in investment.. The more important part of that story is the location of this new unit. Midal is keen on setting up this facility at the aluminum downstream and ancillary products park at Angul in Odisha.. Angul is one of the few aluminum parks in India. It has been developed jointly by the state governments nodal land acquisition agency - Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation of Odisha (IDCO) and the Public Sector Unit (PSU) National Aluminum Company (Nalco).. The ancillary and downstream industries identified to come up in the park include caustic soda, petroleum coke, coal tar pitch, aluminum fluoride, aluminum conductors, aluminum extrusions, aluminum castings and slugs, among others.. Midal Cables, among the first of the investing companies off the block, wants about 40 acres of ...
Because sponge sheets have to be reinforced with fibres to get adequate strength, the use of viscose technology may be unnecessary. Pulp may dissolve well enough in caustic soda alone, especially at sub-zero temperatures to yield a dope with sufficient undissolved fibres to act as reinforcement. Forming pores by air dispersion or creation of ice crystals may obviate the need for the traditional glaubers salt pore-former and the resulting dope preparation process could take place in a single large pulper. The dope could be extruded through a wide die onto a conveyor for regeneration prior to washing. The whole process would be more analogous to pulp manufacturing technology than the current sponge routes and could operate on a larger scale ...
These operations have a combined annual capacity of 780 thousand metric tons of PVC, including specialty paste, thermoplastic specialties and suspension grades, 665 thousand metric tons of vinyl chloride monomer ("VCM") and 475 thousand metric tons of membrane grade caustic soda. Vinnolit has world class technical centers including a research and development facility in Gendorf and an applications laboratory in Burghausen. The newly acquired business will operate as a Westlake company under the Vinnolit name and continue to provide products which are suitable for a wide range of industrial and building product applications including automotive sealants and interior trim, cable sheathing, flooring, medical applications, pipes, film, technical coatings, wall covering and window profiles. Vinnolits headquarters will remain in Ismaning ...
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ATLANTA--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jul. 26, 2013-- Axiall Corporation (NYSE: AXLL) today announced that it will release its second-quarter 2013 financial results after the market closes on Wednesday, July 31. The company will discuss financial results for the quarter, as well as business developments, via conference call and webcast on Thursday, August 1, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern time. To access the companys second-quarter conference call, please dial (877) 312-5406 (domestic) or (706) 679-9856 (international). Playbacks will be available from 11:00 a.m. Eastern time on Thursday, August 1, until 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, August 15. Playback numbers are (855) 859-2056 or (800) 585-8367. The conference call ID number is 23458796. About Axiall Axiall Corporation is a leading integrated chemicals and building products company. It is an international manufacturer of chlor-alkali and derivatives, chlorovinyls and aromatics products including chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer, chlorinated ...
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Two of the more common household products containing sodium hydroxide are drain cleaners and oven cleaners. When most pipes are clogged it is with a combination of fats and grease. Cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide (either as a solid or already dissolved in water) convert the fats to soap, which dissolves in water. In addition, when sodium hydroxide dissolves in water a great deal of heat is given off. This heat helps to melt the clog. Sodium hydroxide is very damaging to human tissue (especially eyes). If a large amount of solid drain cleaner is added to a clogged drain, the heat produced can actually boil the water, leading to a splash in the eyes of a solution caustic enough to cause blindness. Some drain cleaners also contain small pieces of aluminum metal. Aluminum reacts with sodium hydroxide in water to produce hydrogen gas. The bubbles of hydrogen gas help to agitate the mixture, helping to dislodge the clog.. Oven cleaners work by converting built up grease (fats and oils) into ...
Naphthenic acids (NAs) are composed of alkyl-subst ituted acyclic and cycloaliphatic carboxylic acids and, because they are acutely toxic to fish, are of toxicological concern. During the caustic hot-water extraction of oil from the bitumen in oil sands deposits, NAs become concentrated in the resulting tailings pond water. The present study investigated if dissipation of NAs occurs in the presence of hydroponically grown emergent macrophytes (Typha latifolia, Phragmites australis, and Scirpus acutus) to determine the potential for phytoremediation of these compounds. Plants were grown with oil sands NAs (pKa ∼ 5-6) in medium at pH 7.8 (predominantly ionized NAs) and pH 5.0 (predominantly nonionized NAs) to determine if, by altering their chemical form, NAs may be more accessible to plants and, thus, undergo increased dissipation. Whereas the oil sands NA mixture in its nonionized form was more toxic to wetland plants than its ionized form, neither form appeared to be sequestered by wetland ...
Looking for ingrown toenail treatment options? Get informed about the causes of ingrown nails, as well as prevention tips for ingrown toenails. Pain and swelling can be the worst symptoms of an ingrown toenail. Learn about ingrown nail surgery and the most recommended medications for infected ingrown nails.
So which relaxer should you choose?. I recommend going with a relaxer that does not make your hair absolutely straight. The problem with bone straight hair is that when you break all the hair bonds to within an inch of its life it will start to fall. There will be no strength left in your hair to at least fight to stay on your head. This may be a simplistic reason but the facts speak clearly. The straighter you go with your hair, the more damage is inflicted on it. So that said, I say go with a no-lye relaxer. Its still chemical but not as harsh. If you cannot afford the more expensive no-lye relaxers, you have to make up your mind to treat your hair especially well when you relax with a lye relaxer. Many women use lye relaxers and they have a thriving head of hair, the decision is of course up to you.. If for any reason you are using a lye relaxer and you intend to start using a no-lye preparation, prepare for some hair shedding. You can mitigate this shedding by conditioning often and ...
Dermal DNEL The DNEL for local dermal effects is based on skin sensitisation data. The DNEL calculations were performed according to appendix 8 -10 of ECHA guidance R8, and the article of Basketter et al. (2003), which is included under skin sensitisation, and which is also one of the references listed in appendix 8 -10. The starting point for the DNEL calculations was the results of a number of LLNA:s with potassium dichromate (Kimber et al. 2001). No such tests have been performed with strontium chromate and therefore this report with data on a more soluble chromate was selected. This is likely to result in a very precautionary estimate on DNEL. The EC3 (Effect Concentration 3; concentration that induces a stimulation index of 3 or more) for potassium dichromate was 0.058%, which means that the substance belongs to the category of substances with extreme potency (appendix R.8 -10). The EC3 (%) can be converted to µg/cm2 (ECHA guidance R8): 0.058*250=14.5 µg/cm2 potassium dichromate, ...
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BACKGROUND: Oesophageal perforation is a rare but life-threatening condition with a significant morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective, nationwide study, the results of oesophageal perforation are reported for a well defined cohort, with special emphasis on the incidence, aetiology and results of surgical treatment.. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 29 consecutive patients (16 males) were diagnosed with perforation of the oesophagus at Landspitali University Hospital between 1980 and 2007. Patients had a mean age of 61 years (range: 7 months-90 years). Type of surgery, complications and survival were recorded. Average follow-up was 76 months.. RESULTS: Age-standardised incidence of oesophageal perforation was 3.1/1,000,000 per year during the study period. Out of 29 patients diagnosed with oesophageal perforation, the diagnosis was missed in 5 cases (17%) and first made at autopsy. Iatrogenic injury was the most frequent cause (52%), followed by spontaneous perforation (24%) and foreign body ...
General DNEL derivation for the test item is performed under consideration of the recommendations of ECHA (2010). Acute/short-term, systemic effects Short-term DNELs are not required as the acute toxicity of Hardener LH is low. The substance is not classified and labelled for acute systemic toxicity, according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP), based on the test data for acute oral and dermal toxicity. Acute/longterm, local effects Skin irritation/corrosion: Based on the available acute skin irritation study Hardener LH is not classified for skin corrosion/irritation according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008. Eye irritation/corrosion: Based on the corrosive properties of one of the degradation products of Hardener LH the test item is considered to cause severe eye damage. Hardener LH is therefore classified as H318 according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008. Respiratory irritation/corrosion: SIKA Hardener LH hydrolyses very fast and one of the degradation products (hexamethylendiamine (HMD), ...

Caustic Soda Manufacturers in India, Caustic Soda Suppliers, Indian Caustic Soda ExportersCaustic Soda Manufacturers in India, Caustic Soda Suppliers, Indian Caustic Soda Exporters

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Sodium Hydroxide - Sodium hydroxide in household products, Industrial uses of sodium hydroxide - Water, Cleaners, Caustic, and...Sodium Hydroxide - Sodium hydroxide in household products, Industrial uses of sodium hydroxide - Water, Cleaners, Caustic, and...

Sodium hydroxide, NaOH, also known as lye or caustic soda, is an extremely caustic (corrosive and damaging to human tissue) ... Caustic. -Damaging to human tissue.. pH scale. -A scale used to measure the acidity or alkalinity (basicity) of a substance. It ... Corticosteroids Cant Counter Caustics, Science News vol. 138, p. 174, Sept. 15, 1990. How Lye is Made and Some Uses, ... Thanks for your article,one question though,what are other chemicals which are added/mixed with caustic soda in order to get ...
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CDC Caustics | Emergency Preparedness & ResponseCDC Caustics | Emergency Preparedness & Response

Caustics are chemicals that burn or corrode peoples skin, eyes, and mucus membranes (lining of the nose, mouth, throat, and ... Case Definition: Caustic or Corrosive Agents. Clinical description, lab criteria for diagnosis, case classification, & ...
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CDC Caustics | Emergency Preparedness & ResponseCDC Caustics | Emergency Preparedness & Response

Caustics are chemicals that burn or corrode peoples skin, eyes, and mucus membranes (lining of the nose, mouth, throat, and ... Case Definition: Caustic or Corrosive Agents. Clinical description, lab criteria for diagnosis, case classification, & ...
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Caustic | Encyclopedia.comCaustic | Encyclopedia.com

1. able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action: /a caustic cleaner./ ∎ fig. sarcastic in a scathing and bitter ... of an expression or sound) expressive of such sarcasm: /a caustic smile./ 2. ... n. 1. a caustic substance. 2. Physics a caustic surface or curve. DERIVATIVES: caus·ti·cal·ly / -ik(ə)lē/ adv. caus·tic·i·ty / ... A caustic alkali is a metal hydroxide, especially that of an alkali metal; caustic soda is sodium hydroxide, and caustic potash ...
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Lunar Caustic | DazedLunar Caustic | Dazed

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Boris FX | BCC CausticsBoris FX | BCC Caustics

Overview The BCC Caustics filter can be used to simulate the effect of light refracting through a surface of water and projected ... Contrast adjusts the contrast of the generated caustics.. Wispiness adjusts the level of detail of the generated caustics. At a ... Mutation Rate sets the speed of the caustics as they change over time. Higher numeric values will cause the caustics to evolve ... This essentially changes the focus of the generated caustics. As you move this control, the caustic image folds over itself and ...
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Light Near a Caustic | SpringerLinkLight Near a Caustic | SpringerLink

Ludwig, D.: Uniform asymptotic expansions at a caustic. Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 19, 215-250 (1966)CrossRefzbMATHMathSciNet ... Otway T.H. (2012) Light Near a Caustic. In: The Dirichlet Problem for Elliptic-Hyperbolic Equations of Keldysh Type. Lecture ...
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Images with caustics by Henrik Wann JensenImages with caustics by Henrik Wann Jensen

Caustics. Caustics represents some of the most visually striking patterns of light in nature. Caustics are formed by light that ... A caustic from a glass sphere This is a simple example of a caustic created as light shines through a glass sphere. This ... Caustics on curved surfaces This images illustrates caustics on a curved (bumpy) surface. This can in general only be done ... Notice the detail in the caustic as well as the smoothly connected caustic & shadow boundary. The high number of pixel-samples ...
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Definition of Loeffler caustic stain. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Loeffler caustic stain. Pronunciation: lefler. Definition: a stain for flagella using an aqueous solution of tannin and ...
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This mental ray tutorial will go over the process of creating and controlling the emission of caustic photons into our Maya ... Understanding Caustic Photons in mental ray 6m Controlling Caustic Photon Emission and Photon Energy Properties 11m Altering ... to Caustic Patterns 6m Creating Caustic Effects with mental rays Architectural Materials 11m Saving and Reusing Caustic Photon ... Caustic Color Attributes 7m Separating Caustic Effects from Direct Illumination 5m Using Raytracing Attributes to Correctly ...
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Caustics are chemicals that burn or corrode peoples skin, eyes, and mucus membranes (lining of the nose, mouth, throat, and ... Case Definition: Caustic or Corrosive Agents. Clinical description, lab criteria for diagnosis, case classification, & ...
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What is caustic soda in cleaning products? | Reference.comWhat is caustic soda in cleaning products? | Reference.com

Caustic soda is also known as sodium hydroxide, and its chemical... ... Caustic soda is a strong base made via the electrolysis of salt water and used in detergents, drain cleaners and other products ... Caustic soda dissolves fats, grease, oil and protein well and is used diluted in water as an industrial cleaning agent. It is ... Caustic soda is a strong base made via the electrolysis of salt water and used in detergents, drain cleaners and other products ...
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White Cube - Channel - Caustic Community (Masks And Mirrors)			White Cube - Channel - Caustic Community (Masks And Mirrors)

Eddie Peake discusses the ideas behind his exhibition Caustic Community (Masks and Mirrors) at White Cube São Paulo. Peake ... In this film, Eddie Peake discusses the ideas behind his exhibition Caustic Community (Masks and Mirrors) at White Cube São ... Caustic Community (Masks And Mirrors). 20 November 2013 - 8 February 2014. São Paulo ...
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Bulgaria: Caustic Soda - Market Report. Analysis aBulgaria: Caustic Soda - Market Report. Analysis a

Sodium hydroxide is also known as caustic soda, caustic, and lye. Anhydrous (100%, solid) caustic soda has a chemical formula ... SummarySodium hydroxide is also known as caustic soda, caustic, and lye. Anhydrous (100%, solid) caustic soda has a chemical ... Table 8: Imports Of Caustic Soda, In Physical And Value Terms, By Type, 2007-2013 Table 9: Imports Of Caustic Soda, In Value ... Table 10: Import Prices Of Caustic Soda, By Country Of Origin And Type, 2013 Table 11: Exports Of Caustic Soda, In Physical And ...
more infohttps://www.bharatbook.com/materials-chemicals-market-research-reports-631024/bulgaria-caustic-soda1.html

Spill Response Kits for Body Fluids, Acids Caustics, SolventsSpill Response Kits for Body Fluids, Acids Caustics, Solvents

Acids Caustics, Solvents are now available from Spill Station Australia. They are suitable for almost all types of liquids. ... BACK Main Directory , Materials Handling & Storage , Spill Response Kits for Body Fluids, Acids Caustics, Solvents ... Our range of spill response kits are suitable for almost all types of liquids including oils, fuels, solvents, acids caustics ... A variety of different Spill Response Kits for Body Fluids, Acids Caustics, Solvents are now available from Spill Station ...
more infohttps://www.industrysearch.com.au/spill-response-kits-for-body-fluids-acids-caustics-solvents/p/63504

Caustic Chemical-Neutralizing Wipes Patented By EKC - HAPPICaustic Chemical-Neutralizing Wipes Patented By EKC - HAPPI

Patent No. US 6,645,930 B1: EKC Technology, Inc., Hayward, CA, earned a patent for an acid-impregnated, absorbent wipe to remove alkaline contaminants from a clean room environment. The wipe contains an organic acid and an organic acid crystallizatio
more infohttp://www.happi.com/contents/view_breaking-news/2005-11-14/caustic-chemical-neutralizing-wipes-patented-/
  • We are specializing in the manufacture and export of 1,sodium sulphide 2, caustic soda 3,sodium bicarbonate 4, soda ash light/dense 5, ammonium chloride6, ammonium bicarbonate 7, sodium metabisulphite 8,Sodium Hydrosulfide 9, calcium chloride. (ecplaza.net)
  • Main use: used in construction, and for the manufacture of calcium carbide , caustic soda , bleaching powder (made from: chlorine gas pass into the milk of lime 2Cl2 2Ca (OH) 2 = Ca (ClO) 2 CaCl2 2H2O) and gypsum. (ecplaza.net)
  • Bulgaria: Caustic Soda - Market Report. (bharatbook.com)
  • The consultation asks both general questions about the suitability of the ICIS pricing methodology and questions addressing specific caustic soda market issues. (icis.com)
  • Demand from the organic chemicals industries account for a significant portion of the volume of caustic soda market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The increasing demand from end user industries such as pulp, paper, and textiles is expected to the drive the growth of the global caustic soda market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The increasing demand for alumina from the automobile industry is boosting the growth of the global caustic soda market during the estimated period. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Owing to the stringent regulations opted by governments in various countries for many industries forthe environmental harm caused by the highly corrosive as well as reactive traits of caustic soda is a major restraining factorhampering the growth of the global caustic soda market.The prospects of global caustic soda market depend on the demand for chlorine, as caustic soda is a co-product obtained during the chlorine manufacturing process. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The report segments the Global Caustic Soda Market by application and region. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Going forward, European caustic soda market is expected to experience a moderate growth as the market has attained maturity in this region. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • North America accounted for approximately 20% share in the global caustic soda market in 2015. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The U.S. drives the relatively matured North American caustic soda market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • South America is a major exporting destination for the major players in global caustic soda market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The demand for consumer products in the major emerging countries such as Brazil is expected to drive the growth of caustic soda market in South America.Africa is a major untapped market with ample opportunities for major players to expand during the forecast period. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The heavy investments in research and development for the development of efficient production processes as well as new products are expected to create new opportunities for major players in the global caustic soda market during the forecast period. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Caustics are impossible to simulate using radiosity or ray tracing but very easy with photon mapping :-) A photon map is build by tracing photons from the light source into the scene and storing these as they interact with the surfaces in the model. (stanford.edu)
  • This image was rendered on a P-90 in 4 hours using 64 samples per pixel, and something around 200.000 photons for the caustic. (stanford.edu)
  • The image was rendered without any parameter adjustment and the rendering time on a P-90 was 72 seconds - 47897 photons were used to simulate the caustic. (stanford.edu)
  • This mental ray tutorial will go over the process of creating and controlling the emission of caustic photons into our Maya scenes and then rendering them out using mental ray. (pluralsight.com)
  • The BCC Caustics filter can be used to simulate the effect of light refracting through a surface of water and projected onto a surface (like moving water ripple reflections on a pool bottom). (borisfx.com)
  • After noticing the nice caustic through a glass of cognac one late evening I decided to simulate it. (stanford.edu)
  • For example, when a magnifying glass is used to burn a piece of paper, the intense point of focused light at the paper's surface forms a caustic. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An example might be the form of the sunlight on the bottom of a swimming pool when there are ripples on the surface of the water that focus the light into caustics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Caustics represents some of the most visually striking patterns of light in nature. (stanford.edu)
  • Caustics are formed by light that is reflected or transmitted by a number of specular surfaces before interacting with a diffuse surface. (stanford.edu)
  • This is a simple example of a caustic created as light shines through a glass sphere. (stanford.edu)
  • The image shows three coloured caustics created as light from a red, green and a blue light source shines through a glass sphereflake. (stanford.edu)
  • Caustic light patterns are a natural occurring phenomenon in the world around us that is often overlooked. (pluralsight.com)
  • Notice also that the reflection model for the sand is directional diffuse - this image demonstrates how photon maps can render caustics on non Lambertian surfaces. (stanford.edu)
  • Higher price fluctuation for caustic soda in the commodities spot market is also expected to pose a major restraint for the major players in the market during the forecast period. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The Color Source menu sets the color of the generated caustics. (borisfx.com)
  • Color sets the color of the generated caustics when the Color Source menu is set to Color Control. (borisfx.com)
  • Projection Distance moves the screen onto which the caustics are being projected closer or further from the camera. (borisfx.com)
  • Increasing values make it appear as though the projection screen is further away, making the caustics appear smaller. (borisfx.com)
  • The lower demand for chlorine from PVC manufacturing industry is expected to influence the volume of production of the caustic soda during the forecast period. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • This consultation paper is part of this formal process and covers all of the ICIS primary price points included in the caustic soda weekly publications. (icis.com)
  • Caustic stripping is simple, the calculations are easy and do not change from batch to batch. (infopop.cc)
  • Unmult Image uses the luminance of the caustics image as the alpha channel. (borisfx.com)
  • This option enhances the caustics image as 8-bit image layers make very poor looking waves unless they are blurred. (borisfx.com)
  • Wave Area Scale sets the scale of the filtered layer so that the caustics completely cover the image output. (borisfx.com)
  • If the scale is too small, the edges of the caustics image are visible in the output. (borisfx.com)
  • As you move this control, the caustic image folds over itself and spreads. (borisfx.com)
  • This caustic in the image is a direct visualization of the photon map which in this case uses approx. (stanford.edu)
  • This is a closeup of the caustic on the previous image. (stanford.edu)
  • Since the photon map can handle procedurally defined objects it is possible to have caustics from a sphereflake onto a fractal landscape. (stanford.edu)
  • A number of construction materials may be used to produce and handle caustic solutions. (nickelinstitute.org)
  • Caustic Attack " is the band's fourth studio album and upon first diving in, I was initially struck by how the songs sound almost familiar. (metal-temple.com)
  • The severity of injury after a caustic ingestion is due to multiple factors, including the pH of the agent and the titratable acid or alkaline reserve (TAR). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Filtered Layer uses the color(s) from the layer to which the filter has been applied as the source for the color of the generated caustics. (borisfx.com)
  • Aux Layer uses the color(s) from a user specified layer as the source for the color of the generated caustics. (borisfx.com)
  • From here we'll learn how to control the color of our caustic patterns. (pluralsight.com)
  • Filtered Layer uses a channel (luma/brightness/alpha/red/green/blue) from the layer to which the filter was applied as a source for the caustics wave generator. (borisfx.com)
  • Aux Layer uses a user specified layer from the timeline as the source for the caustics wave generator. (borisfx.com)
  • Fractals uses a built-in fractal generator algorithm as a source for the caustics wave generator. (borisfx.com)
  • The TAR is more reliable to predict the likely injury after a caustic exposure, although this information is much more difficult to obtain in real time. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • This shape is easy to describe mathematically and it is often used to illustrate caustics. (stanford.edu)
  • This essentially changes the focus of the generated caustics. (borisfx.com)