A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
A state of unconsciousness as a complication of diabetes mellitus. It occurs in cases of extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA or extreme HYPOGLYCEMIA as a complication of INSULIN therapy.
Severe HYPOGLYCEMIA induced by a large dose of exogenous INSULIN resulting in a COMA or profound state of unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused.
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
A condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling (EDEMA) with abnormal deposits of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and other tissues. It is caused by a deficiency of THYROID HORMONES. The skin becomes puffy around the eyes and on the cheeks. The face is dull and expressionless with thickened nose and lips.
A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
Asymmetries in the topography and refractive index of the corneal surface that affect visual acuity.
The use of an aberrometer to measure eye tissue imperfections or abnormalities based on the way light passes through the eye which affects the ability of the eye to focus properly.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
A scale that assesses the outcome of serious craniocerebral injuries, based on the level of regained social functioning.
Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
Insulin that has been modified so that the B-chain contains a LYSINE at position 28 instead of a PROLINE and a PROLINE at position 29 instead of a LYSINE. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Substances which lower blood glucose levels.
Insulin formulations that contain substances that retard absorption thus extending the time period of action.
An intermediate-acting INSULIN preparation with onset time of 2 hours and duration of 24 hours. It is produced by crystallizing ZINC-insulin-PROTAMINES at neutral pH 7. Thus it is called neutral protamine Hagedorn for inventor Hans Christian Hagedorn.
Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor.
A naturally occurring product of plants obtained following reduction of GALACTOSE. It appears as a white crystalline powder with a slight sweet taste. It may form in excess in the lens of the eye in GALACTOSEMIAS, a deficiency of GALACTOKINASE.
A group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of GALACTOSE in the blood. This condition may be associated with deficiencies of GALACTOKINASE; UDPGLUCOSE-HEXOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYLYLTRANSFERASE; or UDPGLUCOSE 4-EPIMERASE. The classic form is caused by UDPglucose-Hexose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase deficiency, and presents in infancy with FAILURE TO THRIVE; VOMITING; and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Affected individuals also may develop MENTAL RETARDATION; JAUNDICE; hepatosplenomegaly; ovarian failure (PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY); and cataracts. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp61-3)
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of an aldose to an alditol. It possesses broad specificity for many aldoses. EC 1.1.1.21.
An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
Works listing and describing various sources of information, from multiple media or in different formats, on a given subject.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.
Transmission of live or pre-recorded audio or video content via connection or download from the INTERNET.
Excision of part of the skull. This procedure is used to treat elevated intracranial pressure that is unresponsive to conventional treatment.
A relatively common sequela of blunt head injury, characterized by a global disruption of axons throughout the brain. Associated clinical features may include NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; DEMENTIA; and other disorders.
Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.
Severe diabetic hypoglycemia. *Diabetic ketoacidosis advanced enough to result in unconsciousness from a combination of severe ... Acute complications include hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, diabetic coma and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Chronic ... Diabetic coma[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ... Lethargy may ultimately progress to a coma, though this is more common in type 2 diabetes than type 1.[citation needed] ...
Coma. *Possibility of death. *Severe central nervous system depression. *Respiratory failure. *Heart rate ... Above 0.08%, the punishment is more severe with possible imprisonment of up to two years, heavy fines and licence suspension. " ... Such persons have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe ... The penalties become even more severe at 0.25 mg/l, which is roughly equivalent to a BAC of 0.0525%. ...
The injuries were severe. My left leg was shattered open, bones littered across the interstate. The back of my head split in ... I was in a coma. I've been on therapy ever since, and they miraculously saved my leg, putting it back together with a bunch of ...
Severe overdoses may present with respiratory depression (and subsequent pulmonary aspiration), coma, and death.[citation ... Bedson H (1959). "Coma due to meprobamate intoxication. Report of a case confirmed by chemical analysis". Lancet. 273 (1): 288- ... In severe cases the withdrawal can mimic the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal including the potentially lethal status epilepticus ... Because of potential for more severe side effects, this drug is on the list to avoid for elderly people.[14] ...
Cases of severe overdose have been reported and symptoms displayed might include prolonged deep coma or deep cyclic coma, apnea ... Severe symptoms include coma and respiratory depression. Supportive care is the mainstay of treatment of benzodiazepine ... In overdose situations this pharmacological effect is extended leading to a more severe CNS depression and potentially coma or ... and may lead to severe complications such as coma or death. In 2013, benzodiazepines were involved in 31% of the estimated ...
Severe symptoms include confusion, seizures, and coma. The causes of hyponatremia are typically classified by a person's body ... and decreased consciousness or coma. Lower levels of plasma sodium are associated with more severe symptoms. However, mild ... It is generally defined as a sodium concentration of less than 135 mmol/L (135 mEq/L), with severe hyponatremia being below 120 ... mEq/L. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Mild symptoms include a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor ...
Symptoms of severe poisoning include seizures, unconsciousness, paralysis, and suffocation from lung failure. Children are more ... and sleepiness or coma. Acute poisoning is probably most common in agricultural areas in Asia, where many small farmers are ... The same study showed that chlorpyrifos had more severe morphological deformities and mortality in embryos than diazinon, ...
Learning of the plot, Victor had the blanks in Steve's gun changed for live ones and Harper ended up in a coma after being shot ... The fall resulted in severe injuries and Jack needed a kidney transplant to live. Since Steve, as his brother, was a match, he ... He went into a coma but recovered. Fearing what he knew, Lawrence had Steve's IV poisoned. When Steve died, Lawrence then had ... Sixteen years later, Steve reappeared suffering from severe amnesia and calling himself Nick. He was discovered by Jack, who ...
Severe hypoglycemic unconsciousness is one form of diabetic coma. A common medical definition of severe hypoglycemia is " ... A severe episode is sometimes also referred to as "insulin shock". In a counter-intuitive manifestation, hypoglycemia can ... Severe hypoglycemia rarely, if ever, occurs in people with diabetes treated only with diet, exercise, or insulin sensitizers. ... Symptoms and effects can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on how low the glucose falls and a variety of other factors. It ...
Seizures and coma may also occur in severe poisonings. Symptoms typically appear after around 30 to 90 minutes and peak within ... Serious cases may develop loss of consciousness or coma, and may need intubation and artificial ventilation. Hemodialysis can ... two severe courses [abstract]". Clinical Toxicology. 46 (5): 407-8. doi:10.1080/15563650802071703. PMID 18568796. Benjamin, ...
... the patient may pass into coma. In from twelve to twenty-four hours these severe constitutional symptoms usually pass off; but ... The pain of the wound is severe and is rapidly followed by swelling and discoloration. The symptoms produced by the bite of the ... In severe cases, which occur mostly in children, the pulse may become imperceptible and the extremities cold; ... Within a few days recovery usually occurs somewhat suddenly, but death may result from the severe depression or from the ...
Some patients develop severe pulmonary and kidney complications. High levels of plasma glutamine and glycine are observed.[ ... Forced feeding of protein may lead to convulsions and coma. Mental development is normal if prolonged episode of hyperammonemia ... However, severe complications including pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and chronic kidney disease may develop even with proper ...
... more severe degrees of intoxication can cause seizures and coma. Death can result if medical intervention is not forthcoming. ... More severe symptoms ensue, including confusion, muscle twitching, and bleeding in or around the brain. Death results by the ... Normal serum sodium levels are 135 - 145 mEq/liter (135 - 145 mmol/L). Severe symptoms typically only occur when levels are ... "Severe salt poisoning in an infant". J. Pediatr. 88 (2): 258-61. doi:10.1016/s0022-3476(76)80992-4. PMID 1249688. Paut, O.; ...
He sustained severe injuries and was placed into a coma. Ryuuga's memory of the incident was distorted and he believes Leica ...
In children, SSRIs can be considered a second line therapy in those with moderate-to-severe impairment, with close monitoring ... Other reported significant effects include coma, seizures, and cardiac toxicity. In adults and children suffering from bipolar ... However, case reports of SSRI poisoning have indicated that severe toxicity can occur and deaths have been reported following ... The most commonly reported severe effect following SSRI overdose is serotonin syndrome; serotonin toxicity is usually ...
In severe cases anemia, seizures, coma, or death may occur. EPA's Lead and Copper Rule (LCR), first published in 1991, defines ... Children in those communities are at risk of developing severe tooth enamel fluorosis, a condition that can cause tooth enamel ...
Albayrak sustained severe brain damage and fell into a coma. Doctors pronounced her brain dead on 26 November. Her parents ...
Symptoms may progress to seizures and coma in severe cases. Treatment is control of the blood pressure, often with continuous ... The first symptom is usually severe headache, and a headache in the setting of recent carotid endarterectomy or carotid ...
If left untreated, new symptoms can occur; people that are infected may experience seizures, delirium and coma. Severe cases ...
He is left in a coma with severe brain damage.[volume & issue needed] During this time, Lang's brain is used as a template for ...
He later awoke from the coma with severe brain injuries. EEEV was one of more than a dozen agents that the United States ... "Man in coma after mosquito bite". BBC News Online. 8 October 2007. "Family thrilled by recovery of killer virus victim". The ... He fell ill with the disease on 31 August 2007, just one day after flying home, and later fell into a coma. ... Congi S (13 August 2019). "Massachusetts man infected with EEE now in coma, family says". WCVB-TV. Retrieved 22 August 2019. ...
She had been in a coma following severe breathing difficulties. In July 2002, Forsythe married businesswoman Nicole Carter (May ...
Severe cases involving coma, convulsions, or death are extremely rare. Amanita gemmata is a mycorrhizal fungus, meaning it ...
In severe cases, anemia, seizures, coma, or death may occur. Exposure to lead can occur by contaminated air, water, dust, food ... ISBN 978-1-888456-03-5. Couper RT (November 2006). "The severe gout of Emperor Charles V". The New England Journal of Medicine ... Eating chips of lead paint presents a particular hazard to children, generally producing more severe poisoning than occurs from ... severe poisoning, and encephalopathy, and is considered for people with blood lead levels above 25 µg/dL. While the use of ...
If infected during initial stages of pregnancy severe damage to the fetus can take place. Reye's syndrome can happen after ... In some cases, death or coma can follow. Reye's syndrome mostly affects children and teenagers, using aspirin during infection ... possibly leaving adults vulnerable to more severe disease as the immunity from their childhood immunization wanes. Vaccine ...
April 16 - Luther Vandross suffers a severe stroke at his home in New York City. He emerges from a coma six weeks later. April ...
"Jaswant Singh in coma after severe head injury, condition 'highly critical'". Zee News. 8 August 2014. Archived from the ... He remained in a state of coma for six years till his death in 2020. Singh was born on 3 January 1938 in the village Jasol, ... He was admitted on June 25, 2020, and being treated for Sepsis with Multiorgan Dysfunction Syndrome and effects of Severe Head ... and was being treated for sepsis with multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and effects of a severe head injury he suffered as a ...
Severe hypoglycemia may result in seizures, coma, and permanent neurological damage. Symptoms resulting from the ...
... or coma; loss of muscle control; severe impairment or cessation of breathing; or shock. Death has been reported with ingestion ...
GBL overdose can cause irrational behaviour, severe sickness, coma and death. To bypass GHB restriction laws, home synthesis ... Light to moderate users often experience insomnia and sleep-related problems, whereas heavy, prolonged use can cause severe ...
Metformin should not be used in those with severe kidney or liver problems.[23] ... Myxedema coma. *Euthyroid sick syndrome. Hyperthyroidism. *Hyperthyroxinemia *Thyroid hormone resistance. *Familial ...
santificado sexa o teu nome, veña a nós o teu reino e fágase a túa vontade aquí na terra coma no ceo.. santificado seja o Teu ... Following Franco's 1939 victory, the Galicians suffered severe punishment - their culture was suppressed, and edicts were ...
The combination of severe vomiting and diarrhoea often leads to severe dehydration.[29] Next, shortness of breath and chest ... People are often in a coma near the end of life.[26] ... "Clinical presentation and management of severe Ebola virus ... "The Ebola epidemic ravaging parts of West Africa is the most severe acute public health emergency seen in modern times. Never ...
It is also used to treat myxedema coma, which is a severe form of hypothyroidism characterized by mental status changes and ... It is used to treat thyroid hormone deficiency including the severe form known as myxedema coma.[1] It may also be used to ... Acute overdose may cause fever, hypoglycemia, heart failure, coma, and unrecognized adrenal insufficiency. ... Certain other substances can cause adverse effects that may be severe. Combination of levothyroxine with ketamine may cause ...
... suffered a cerebral hemorrhage[8] on January 19, 2010, and slipped into a coma,[19] enduring bouts of blood clots, ... who was born with severe brain damage.[7][8] Snow resolved not to institutionalize Valerie, and cared for her at home until ...
Hayden's injuries were so severe that he was not placed into a medically-induced coma and did not receive any surgery. Whether ... "Hayden non ce l'ha fatta: il pilota è morto dopo 5 giorni di coma". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved May 23, 2017.. ... "Hayden non ce l'ha fatta: il pilota è morto dopo 5 giorni di coma". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved May 22, 2017.. ... Hayden was taken to Rimini hospital with severe injuries, and was subsequently moved to the major trauma unit at the Maurizio ...
Severe headaches develop and sufferers lose the ability to sit up.[4] Retinal venous dilation occurs in 59% of people with HACE ... Individuals with the condition must immediately descend to a lower altitude or coma and death can occur. Patients are usually ... Early symptoms of high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) generally correspond with those of moderate to severe acute mountain ... the patient will enter a coma[3] and then die.[3] In some cases, patients have died within a few hours, and a few have survived ...
Severe sepsis. Septic shock. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Other shock. Cardiogenic shock. Distributive shock. ... Mortality associated with severe sepsis remains high at 30-50%. When shock is present, mortality is reported to be even higher ... Using bundles in health care simplifies the complex processes of the care of patients with severe sepsis. A bundle is a ... Coma. Complications. *Critical illness polyneuropathy / myopathy. *Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency. * ...
In some cases coma can give the brain an opportunity to heal and regenerate,[32] but, in general, the longer a coma, the ... Problems after delivery can include severe prematurity, severe lung or heart disease, serious infections, trauma to the brain ... Families of coma victims often have idealized images of the outcome based on Hollywood movie depictions of coma.[34] Adjusting ... "Coma: Coping skills". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2007-04-13.. *^ Wijdicks E. F. M.; Wijdicks C. A. (2006). "The portrayal of coma ...
Trauma/coma[change , change source]. In August 2007, US scientists used DBS on a 38-year-old man who was in a coma for six ... In an rare case, a patient with severe Tourette's Syndrome had very severe side effects and complications. The patient suffered ... Duits, A. (24 May 2012). "Unfavourable outcome of deep brain stimulation in a Tourette patient with severe comorbidity". ... "Behavioural improvements with thalamic stimulation after severe traumatic brain injury". Nature. 448, 600-3. (2007) PMID ...
Insulin coma therapy was often used for schizophrenia. Large doses of insulin would be injected into a person being treated ... The speech disorganization criterion is met only if it is severe enough to affect communication negatively and substantially.. ... A person can be determined to have the disease only if the symptoms are severe.[17] ... Then glucose would be given to bring them back out of the coma.[70] ...
To achieve this, she and Spider-Man fought Doc Ock and put her former idol into a coma. Following the fight, she relinquished ... Lady Octopus and the other villains Lucia von Bardas manipulated were all hospitalized with severe injuries.[14] ...
In February 1860,[citation needed] Gage had the first in a series of increasingly severe convulsions;[citation needed] he died ... During the three succeeding days the coma deepened; the globe of the left eye became more protuberant, with fungus pushing out ...
Reported results in overdoses involving up to 15 grams include increased seizures, coma and death.[39] ... It is one of a small number of FDA-approved therapies for this severe form of epilepsy. Lamotrigine reduces the frequency of ...
Anyone with a severe and rapidly deteriorating condition should be treated aggressively and urgently as if were infected with ... There were important differences including the absence of coma despite petechial haemorrhages and parasite sequestration in the ... This makes it a potentially very severe disease if it remains untreated. Life cycle: merozoite → trophozoites → schizont → ... It may cause severe malaria as indicated by its asexual erythrocytic cycle of about 24 hours,[2][3][4] with an associated fever ...
A recent study in pediatric patients with severe sepsis had to be discontinued (lack of positive results and severe side- ... Severe sepsis. Septic shock. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Other shock. Cardiogenic shock. Distributive shock. ... Angus, Derek C.; van der Poll, Tom (29 August 2013). "Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock". New England Journal of Medicine. 369 (9 ... "Human recombinant activated protein C for severe sepsis". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD004388. doi:10.1002/ ...
Gus secretly sanctions an attack on Hank instead of Walter, resulting in severe injuries to Hank and the deaths of The Cousins ... the only body part Hector can move after he emerges from his coma. Lalo thanks Gus for giving Hector first aid and paying for ... In the season 3 finale "Lantern," after suffering a severe relapse of his condition, Chuck commits suicide by intentionally ...
The most severe cases result in coma or even persistent vegetative state.[11] ... Based on the Glasgow Coma Scale severity is classified as follows, severe brain injuries score 3-8, moderate brain injuries ... Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most widely used scoring system used to assess the level of severity of a brain injury. This ... The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a tool for measuring degree of unconsciousness and is thus a useful tool for determining ...
Angus, DC; van der Poll, T. Severe sepsis and septic shock. 新英格兰医学杂志. August 29, 2013, 369 (9): 840-51 [2015-02-08]. PMID ... 誘導昏迷(英语:Induced coma). *機械呼吸(英语:Mechanical ventilation) ... Systemic steroids in severe sepsis and septic shock. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. January 15, ... Sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock: changes in incidence, pathogens and outcomes.. Expert review of anti-infective
Grenier, B.; Mesli, A.; Cales, J.; Castel, J. P.; Maurette, P. (1996). "[Severe hyperthermia caused by sudden withdrawal of ... coma, and death.[15] ... Abrupt withdrawal is more likely to result in severe withdrawal ... Besides those with spasticity, intrathecal administration is also used in patients with multiple sclerosis who have severe ...
On September 13, 2016, Peres, aged 93, suffered a severe stroke and was hospitalized in Ramat Gan, Israel. He had suffered a ... "Former President Shimon Peres in Induced Coma After Suffering Major Stroke" - via Haaretz. ...
Folic acid supplements have little established role in cancer chemotherapy.[46][47] Cases of severe adverse effects of ... COMA) in 1991, is 200 μg/day for adults.[64] ...
Severe cholera, without treatment, kills about half of affected individuals.[14] If the severe diarrhea is not treated, it can ... Muscle cramping and weakness, altered consciousness, seizures, or even coma due to electrolyte imbalances are common, ... Diarrhea can be so severe that it leads within hours to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.[2] This may result in ... Cholera is caused by a number of types of Vibrio cholerae, with some types producing more severe disease than others.[2] It is ...
A large percentage of Special Needs students have a diagnosis that is more severe than dyslexia, but less severe than Cerebral ... such as children who are in a persistent vegetative state or in a coma, is debated.[16] While many severely disabled children ... If the student has a very severe health condition or is not able to attend school for some other reason, he or she will receive ... The problem is that they group all children as having the same severe disability. Erin Dillon a former Senior Policy Analyst, ...
Severe ataxia may eventually lead to the need for a wheelchair. To obtain better results, possible coexisting motor deficits ... These include reversible cerebellar ataxia, dementia, peripheral neuropathy, psychosis and coma. Most of the neurological ... As cerebellar ataxia becomes severe, great assistance and effort are needed to stand and walk.[3] Dysarthria, an impairment ... Ataxia can be induced as a result of severe acute radiation poisoning with an absorbed dose of more than 30 grays. ...
In a severe contusion, blowout of the floor of the orbit may occur, leading to double vision. Such an injury requires surgical ... A black eye developing after a severe head injury may be a sign of skull fracture. ...
Possible clinical signs and symptoms of mild and severe eosinophilic meningitis are: *Fever is often minor or absent, but the ... This inflammation can lead in the short term to paralysis, bladder dysfunction, visual disturbance, and coma and in the long ... Headaches are progressive and severe,[37] a bitemporal character in the frontal or occipital lobe.[9] ... Presence of a significantly decreased glucose on CSF analysis is an indicator of severe meningoencephalitis and may indicate a ...
However, these changes will likely only develop after chronic PPD associated with severe mental illness, as opposed to less ... coma and cerebral oedema. It can also cause central pontine myelinolysis. Treatment for psychogenic polydipsia depends on ... It has been suggested that these deficits lead to moderate to severe cognitive impairments, especially affecting working memory ... Psychogenic polydipsia should be considered a life-threatening condition, since it has been known to cause severe hyponatraemia ...
Several Outsiders are wounded, and Anissa sustains brain injuries severe enough to knock her in a seemingly irreversible coma.[ ... The inconsistencies regarding her coma are briefly touched upon when it is explained that Anissa had been "in and out of ... though Thunder is still shown in a coma during the Batman and the Outsiders Special, where her father ultimately joins up with ...
Diabetic hypoglycaemic coma. The brain is more vulnerable to hypoglycaemia and the consequences of hypoglycemia than any other ... http://www.diabetes.co.uk/diabetes-complications/diabetic-coma.html. * http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/america/pdf/ ...
Iraq vet in Mississippi left in medically-induced coma due to severe Narrative violation. ... check out how the lunatics who write and read Crooks and Liars are coping with this severe racial narrative violation:. Poor ...
A suburban high school football player is hospitalized with a severe brain injury after an on-field injury during a game last ... Charles North football player out of coma after severe brain injury, family says. Posted 6:54 AM, October 8, 2019, by Nancy Loo ... His uncle said the teen was taken out of a medically induced coma Monday, and was able to wake up on his own. ... A suburban high school football player is hospitalized with a severe brain injury after an on-field injury during a game last ...
People who have family members who are in a coma because of suffering a traumatic brain injury need the help, support and ... Severe TBI*Brain Injury Coma? What Do You Do When a Loved One is in a Coma*Primer on Severe TBI ...
My approach to teaching about severe brain injury and coma is to provide information in several layers. First with the ... Severe TBI *Brain Injury Coma? What Do You Do When a Loved One is in a Coma *Primer on Severe TBI ... Severe Brain Injury Primer, TBI and Coma. Severe Brain Injury Primer, TBI and Coma ... To Know More About Prognosis After Severe TBI, click here.. · For a Table of Contents of Our Severe Closed Head Injury ...
30.2 ± 23.1, P = 0.007). The incidence of severe hypoglycemic events (58 vs. 36, P = 0.037) including coma (16 vs. 3, P = 0.004 ... Reduced Frequency of Severe Hypoglycemia and Coma in Well-Controlled IDDM Patients Treated With Insulin Lispro. ... Reduced Frequency of Severe Hypoglycemia and Coma in Well-Controlled IDDM Patients Treated With Insulin Lispro ... Reduced Frequency of Severe Hypoglycemia and Coma in Well-Controlled IDDM Patients Treated With Insulin Lispro ...
Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Severe diabetic-like coma. ... List of 26 disease causes of Severe diabetic-like coma, patient stories, diagnostic guides. ... Severe diabetic-like coma and Decreased LOC (19 causes) *Severe diabetic-like coma and Diabetic-like coma (19 causes) *Severe ... Severe diabetic-like coma and Muscle symptoms (17 causes) *Severe diabetic-like coma and Coma (16 causes) *Severe diabetic-like ...
Patients sustaining severe head injury require use of standardized treatment protocols, most of them focused on the maintenance ... "Correlation between Glasgow Coma Scale Score and Intracranial Pressure in Patients with Severe Head Injury." Acta clinica ... "Correlation between Glasgow Coma Scale Score and Intracranial Pressure in Patients with Severe Head Injury." Acta clinica ... Correlation between Glasgow Coma Scale Score and Intracranial Pressure in Patients with Severe Head Injury. Acta clinica ...
... coma - Answer: Are you still seeing a neurologist? If so I would talk to him about the ... ... I had a car accident in 2001: I was in a coma for a month, and had a very severe TBI:?. Asked. 20 Sep 2012 by Groovy_chic. ... head injury, rehab, coma. Details:. leaving a 3 scar on left side of head with 2 broken shoulder blades. Its a miracle Im ... Almost 13 years ago had a BAD Car Accident, in coma for 13 days, now suffer TBI?. Posted 5 Sep 2016 • 0 answers ...
The patient had symptoms of severe brain edema requiring maximal therapy, which included cooling, man... ... Prolonged Pentobarbital-Induced Coma for the Treatment of Severe Seizures Related to Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy ... The patient had symptoms of severe brain edema requiring maximal therapy, which included cooling, mannitol, 3% saline, and a ...
Methods: The 66 patients with severe. brain injury were divided into two groups: The persistent coma group (coma. duration ≥10 ... in 28 of 41 patients in persistent coma group(28/41,68.29%). Conclusion:. Persistent coma after severe brain injury is ... Research Reports - The relation between persistent coma and brain ischemia after severe brain injury. Int J Neurosci. 2013 Sep ... ischemia were presented in all patients in the persistent coma group and were. absented in the control group. In the second ...
Barbiturate coma may promote reversible bone marrow suppression in patients with severe isolated traumatic brain injury ... Download PDF Barbiturate coma may promote reversible bone marrow suppression in patients with severe isolated traumatic brain ... Stover, J F; Stocker, R (1998). Barbiturate coma may promote reversible bone marrow suppression in patients with severe ... CONCLUSIONS: Barbiturate coma may cause reversible leukopenia and an increased infection rate. Long-term administration of ...
Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury face a wide range of possible prognoses, from nearly complete recovery to permanent ... Prognosis in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on Wednesday, April 25, 2012, 12-1 Eastern Time. This webinar is open to all. ... Free webinar to examine recovery from severe traumatic brain injury resulting in coma and loss of consciousness. The Brain ... Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury face a wide range of possible prognoses, from nearly complete recovery to permanent ...
... in these patients is frequently defined by the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). Nevertheless, the diagnostic value of GCS for severe ... Although patients with severe multiple injuries may have other reasons for unconsciousness, traumatic brain injury (TBI) ... had severe TBI. Nine percent of all cases (n=1643) had a GCS ≤ 8 without severe TBI. Only 56.1% of patients with severe TBI (n= ... Diagnostic Value of the Glasgow Coma Scale for Traumatic Brain Injury in 18,002 Patients With Severe Multiple Injuries Stefan ...
Maternity paresis (coma puerperalis) * Postpartum endometritis (endometritis puerperalis) This is an acute inflammation of the ... Acute, sudden, severe nervous disease that manifests itself as a paralysis-like state of the pharynx, tongue, bowel, and limbs ... Postpartum sepsis, or general postpartum infection (fever), is a severe general illness of the animal, resulting from the ...
List of causes of Coma and Gerd-like chest pain and Severe heartburn after eating, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, ... Coma OR Gerd-like chest pain OR Severe heartburn after eating - 763 causes Coma:*734 causes: Coma *Introduction: Coma *Coma: ... Coma and Gerd-like chest pain and Severe heartburn after eating. *Coma AND Gerd-like chest pain AND Severe heartburn after ... Severe heartburn after eating:*Causes: Severe heartburn after eating *Introduction: Severe heartburn after eating *Severe ...
"During a severe attack, the patient suffers from broncho spasms that block the airways and deprive the brain of oxygen. Lack of ... Jody Ann Rodriguez in a coma. Image Credit: Supplied Dubai: The family of a Canadian expatriate who slipped into a coma ... Grade 3 coma. Rodriguez was revived at the hospital ER and put on a ventilator and life support. On the Glasgow Scale, she has ... In case of severe attacks, patients keep SOS antihistamine and cortico steroid injections. However, doctors advise patients to ...
Symptoms of hypothyroidism can vary from mild to severe. Common symptoms of hypothyroidism are weight gain and fatigue. People ... Severe hypothyroidism may lead to a life-threatening coma (myxedema coma).. *In a person with severe hypothyroidism, a myxedema ... Severe iodine deficiency. In areas of the world where there is an iodine deficiency in the diet, severe hypothyroidism occurs ... Severe iodine deficiency occurs in remote mountain areas such as the Andes and the Himalayas. Since the addition of iodine to ...
... condition and has been placed in a coma following a skiing accident on Sunday morning. ... "He suffered a severe head injury with coma on arrival, which required immediate neurosurgical intervention. He remains in a ... F1 legend Michael Schumacher critical and in a coma after skiing accident Seven-time Champion suffered severe head trauma ... because they are now saying he is in a coma because of maybe a brain hemorrhage so his condition is really critical and his ...
List of causes of Lethargy and Severe diabetic-like coma and Temperature symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, ... Severe diabetic-like coma:*Causes: Severe diabetic-like coma *Introduction: Severe diabetic-like coma *Severe diabetic-like ... Lethargy and Severe diabetic-like coma and Temperature symptoms. *Lethargy AND Severe diabetic-like coma AND Temperature ... Lethargy and Severe diabetic-like coma and Temperature symptoms and Chronic diabetic-like coma (4 causes) ...
"Philip was in a coma for two weeks.. The doctor said it was likely he would at least lose some toes and fingers and a chance ... Severe breathlessness. *Skin mottled or discoloured. We talk to a mum who feared she would lose her baby girl to the infection ... Aoife Davies was put in an induced coma and given a blood transfusion. 12 ... Within hours he would be in a coma. All of his organs were failing rapidly. ...
... severe retinal hemorrhage, coma or death, according to a study published in The Journal of Pediatrics. ... A 25-year-old man recovering from a coma has made remarkable progress following a treatment at UCLA to jump-start his brain ... TSRI scientists unravel mystery of food coma phenomenon Anyone who has drifted into a fuzzy-headed stupor after a large ... CHOP researchers exploit gene discovery in severe epilepsy to identify precision treatment An international team of researchers ...
Doctors said he returned with severe brain damage, but it wasnt clear what caused it ... Doctors said he returned with severe brain damage, but it wasnt clear what caused it. FILE - In this Feb. 29, 2016, file photo ... US student freed by North Korea in a coma dies at 22. Warmbier was held for more than 17 months and medically evacuated last ... CINCINNATI - Otto Warmbier, an American college student who was released by North Korea in a coma last week after almost a year ...
He remained in a coma for almost three weeks and was given only a 50 percent chance of surviving. ... Severe Brain Damage and Short-Term Memory Loss. Even after coming out of the coma, Don had a long road to recovery. In addition ... Massive Head Trauma and Coma. Don sustained massive trauma to the head and was admitted to a local hospital. There, his family ... Don was transferred to Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center where he remained in a coma for almost three weeks and was given ...
New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma ... Hypoxia , Area Under Curve , Blood Pressure , Brain Injuries , Capillaries , Fires , Glasgow Coma Scale , Glasgow Outcome Scale ... We used a nationwide trauma database on severe trauma cases transported by fire departments across Korea in 2013 and 2015. NTS- ... New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe ...
Coma. *Possibility of death. *Severe central nervous system depression. *Respiratory failure. *Heart rate ... Above 0.08%, the punishment is more severe with possible imprisonment of up to two years, heavy fines and licence suspension. " ... Such persons have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe ... The penalties become even more severe at 0.25 mg/l, which is roughly equivalent to a BAC of 0.0525%. ...
coma,. *uncontrollable vomiting, or. *extreme fatigue that prevents drinking.. *For severe dehydration, start IV fluids ... Patients with severe acute malnutrition. Patients with severe acute malnutrition should receive oral rehydration with low- ... Severe dehydration. Intravenous Ringers lactate or, if not available, normal saline and ORS as outlined in the guidance above ... Intravenous Rehydration Guidance: Severe Dehydration or Shock. *Patients should receive intravenous (IV) rehydration if they ...
Severe symptoms may follow, such as:. *Disorientation, drowsiness, or confusion. *Seizures. *Coma ... Infection with Nipah virus (NiV) can cause mild to severe disease, including swelling of the brain (encephalitis) and ... which can rapidly progress to coma within 24-48 hours. ...
Severe angioedema in myxedema coma: a difficult airway in a rare endocrine emergency. Am J Emerg Med. 2009 Oct. 27(8):1021.e1-2 ... Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma Medication. Updated: May 11, 2017 * Author: Erik D Schraga, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori ... Beynon J, Akhtar S, Kearney T. Predictors of outcome in myxoedema coma. Crit Care. 2008. 12(1):111. [Medline]. [Full Text]. ... Rimar D, Kruzel-Davila E, Dori G, Baron E, Bitterman H. Hyperammonemic coma--barking up the wrong tree. J Gen Intern Med. Apr ...
Severe angioedema in myxedema coma: a difficult airway in a rare endocrine emergency. Am J Emerg Med. 2009 Oct. 27(8):1021.e1-2 ... encoded search term (Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma) and Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma What to Read Next on Medscape. ... Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma Follow-up. Updated: Feb 26, 2018 * Author: Erik D Schraga, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, ... Beynon J, Akhtar S, Kearney T. Predictors of outcome in myxoedema coma. Crit Care. 2008. 12(1):111. [Medline]. [Full Text]. ...
  • In a small phase I and II clinical trial, Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues elsewhere found that the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet was a safe and effective treatment option for the majority of adults experiencing a relatively rare, often fatal and always severe form of epilepsy marked by prolonged seizures that require medically induced comas to prevent them from further damaging the body and the brain. (news-medical.net)
  • An international team of researchers who discovered a new gene disorder that causes severe childhood epilepsy leveraged that finding to reduce seizures in two children. (news-medical.net)
  • People who've had a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury are at risk of having seizures during the first week after their injury. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Seizures are delayed, can be severe and may be initially resistant to conventional treatments. (medscape.com)
  • His uncle said the teen was taken out of a medically induced coma Monday, and was able to wake up on his own. (wgntv.com)
  • Crehan had part of his skull removed to relieve pressure and was placed in a medically induced coma to allow his brain to heal. (scientificamerican.com)
  • An induced coma, also known as a medically induced coma, or barbiturate-induced coma, is a temporary coma (a deep state of unconsciousness) brought on by a controlled dose of a barbiturate drug, usually pentobarbital or thiopental. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is myxedema coma? (medicinenet.com)
  • Severe hypothyroidism may lead to a life-threatening coma ( myxedema coma ). (medicinenet.com)
  • In a person with severe hypothyroidism, a myxedema coma tends to be triggered by severe illness, surgery, stress , or traumatic injury. (medicinenet.com)
  • Initiate thyroid hormone replacement as the mainstay therapy for patients with myxedema coma. (medscape.com)
  • Hormonal therapy should be instituted early in patients with a high clinical suspicion of myxedema coma prior to laboratory confirmation. (medscape.com)
  • Mild cases may be treated with gradual oral replacement, but patients with myxedema coma usually require large doses of IV replacement. (medscape.com)
  • Ono Y, Ono S, Yasunaga H, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Tanaka Y. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of myxedema coma: Analysis of a national inpatient database in Japan. (medscape.com)
  • A diagnostic scoring system for myxedema coma. (medscape.com)
  • Severe angioedema in myxedema coma: a difficult airway in a rare endocrine emergency. (medscape.com)
  • Admit patients with myxedema coma to ICU. (medscape.com)
  • However, once the disease has progressed to myxedema coma, the mortality rate may exceed 20% in the treated population. (medscape.com)
  • The aforementioned study by Ono et al reported that, as revealed through multivariable logistic regression, a higher inhospital mortality rate in myxedema coma was associated with older age and catecholamine use (with or without steroids). (medscape.com)
  • For patient education resources, see the Endocrine System Center , as well as Thyroid Problems and Myxedema Coma . (medscape.com)
  • Hypothyroidism is common, with an extreme manifestation of myxedema coma if untreated. (hindawi.com)
  • Hematologic consequences of myxedema coma include mild leukopenia and anemia, rarely pancytopenia. (hindawi.com)
  • We present a patient with typical symptoms of myxedema coma, but found to be pancytopenic, with sustained response to levothyroxine and blood transfusion for anemia. (hindawi.com)
  • The most extreme manifestation of untreated hypothyroidism is myxedema coma, which carries a mortality rate as high as 25-60% [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • We present a case of a patient whose initial known thyroid disorder presentation was myxedema coma, with a complication of pancytopenia. (hindawi.com)
  • Aim: To investigate the relation between brain ischemia and persistent vegetative state after severe traumatic brain injury. (neuroskills.com)
  • The Brain Trauma Foundation is presenting a free webinar on Assessment & Prognosis in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on Wednesday, April 25, 2012, 12-1 Eastern Time. (blogs.com)
  • Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury face a wide range of possible prognoses, from nearly complete recovery to permanent unconsciousness. (blogs.com)
  • Although patients with severe multiple injuries may have other reasons for unconsciousness, traumatic brain injury (TBI) in these patients is frequently defined by the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). (nih.gov)
  • Emergency care for moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries focuses on making sure the person has enough oxygen and an adequate blood supply, maintaining blood pressure, and preventing any further injury to the head or neck. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The initial indication for use of the GCS was serial assessments of patients with traumatic brain injury [1] and coma for at least 6 hours in the neurosurgical ICU setting, though it is commonly used throughout hospital departments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urologic dysfunction and neurologic outcome in coma survivors after severe traumatic brain injury in the postacute and chronic phase. (unipg.it)
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate voiding dysfunction and upper urinary tract status in survivors of coma resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to compare clinical and urodynamic results with neurologic and psychological features as well as functional outcomes. (unipg.it)
  • PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients (N=57) who recovered from coma of traumatic etiology and who were admitted during a 1-year period to a postcoma unit of a rehabilitation hospital. (unipg.it)
  • She doesn't see that in her subjects with new severe traumatic brain injury. (redorbit.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS In well-controlled IDDM patients, insulin lispro is associated with a lower risk of severe hypoglycemia and coma. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Severe hypoglycemia associated with an illegal sexual enhancement product adulterated with glibenclamide: MR imaging findings. (scholarena.co)
  • Some patients with severe hypoglycemic coma led to prolonged hypoglycemia with fatal coma due to delay in the treatment time [ 1 ], or may led to coma, reasons are difficult to assess as the blood sugar have returned to normal levels. (scholarena.co)
  • severe hypoglycemia can cause coma. (innovations-report.com)
  • It s estimated that between 2 and 15 percent of people with diabetes will have at least one episode of diabetic coma resulting from severe hypoglycemia," says Swanson, chief of the Neurology and Rehabilitation Service at SFVAMC and professor of neurology at UCSF. (innovations-report.com)
  • A patient admitted with severe hypoglycemia is immediately given glucose as a standard treatment. (innovations-report.com)
  • The paper concludes that "pyruvate may be an effective intervention for patients with severe hypoglycemia. (innovations-report.com)
  • In the research study, male rats experienced hypoglycemia and subsequent coma after insulin administration. (innovations-report.com)
  • A control "sham hypoglycemia" group was administered insulin and then immediately given glucose to prevent coma. (innovations-report.com)
  • One will involve the study of animals under circumstances less severe, and more realistic, than a 30-minute coma: "At this point, we need to also examine the effect of pyruvate after more moderate hypoglycemia, as more commonly experienced by diabetic patients. (innovations-report.com)
  • If hypoglycemia isn't treated promptly, it can become severe. (healthline.com)
  • Severe hypoglycemia is an emergency that requires immediate medical treatment. (healthline.com)
  • Severe hypoglycemia is preventable. (healthline.com)
  • Your child's healthcare provider will also likely talk to you about carrying an emergency medication called glucagon that treats severe hypoglycemia immediately. (healthline.com)
  • Hypoglycemia should be suspected in a diabetes patient with severe neurological symptoms including coma. (medindia.net)
  • A phase of brain swelling (encephalitis) may follow, where symptoms can include drowsiness, disorientation, and mental confusion, which can rapidly progress to coma within 24-48 hours. (cdc.gov)
  • Anyone who has drifted into a fuzzy-headed stupor after a large holiday meal is familiar with the condition commonly known as a "food coma. (news-medical.net)
  • Stupor or coma is typical. (medscape.com)
  • However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score (RTS) are difficult to use in the prehospital setting. (bvsalud.org)
  • A large single dose can cause severe or fatal respiratory depression. (psychologytoday.com)
  • This fume is a severe respiratory tract irritant due to the rapid formation of orthophosphoric acid, H 3 PO 4 , on contact with water. (cdc.gov)
  • In the final stages of starvation, adult humans experience a variety of neurological and psychiatric symptoms, including hallucinations and convulsions, as well as severe muscle pain and disturbances in heart rhythm. (encyclopedia.com)
  • What are the symptoms of severe hypothyroidism? (medicinenet.com)
  • As hypothyroidism becomes more severe, signs and symptoms may include puffiness around the eyes, the heart rate slows, body temperature drops, and heart failure . (medicinenet.com)
  • Myxedema and Coma (Severe Hypothyroidism). (medscape.com)
  • Hehrmann R. [Coma in myxedema--a rare complication of hypothyroidism. (medscape.com)
  • Doctors had described his condition as a state of "unresponsive wakefulness" and said he suffered a "severe neurological injury" of unknown cause. (nationalpost.com)
  • According to electroencephalogram (EEG) descriptors included in the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) terminology, we generated a score, and we compared it to the EEG scores previously proposed in order to identify the one with the best prognostic power for neurological outcome at post-acute stages in patients with severe disorders of consciousness (DoC). (nih.gov)
  • The Glasgow Coma Scale ( GCS ) is a neurological scale which aims to give a reliable and objective way of recording the conscious state of a person for initial as well as subsequent assessment. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who have experienced severe anoxic brain injury may remain in a coma or vegetative state. (medhelp.org)
  • Watching a spouse or family member in a coma or vegetative state is difficult enough, but when the condition persists for a long time, the family may have to make some very difficult decisions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In 1975, 21-year-old Karen Ann Quinlan suffered severe brain damage and ended up in a persistent vegetative state after ingesting a dangerous combination of sedatives and alcohol. (howstuffworks.com)
  • She suffered severe brain damage and fell into a persistent vegetative state. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The patient has severe headaches. (w3.org)
  • For example, to get the probability for a patient to have a metastatic cancer who suffers from severe headaches, but not in coma. (w3.org)
  • Patients sustaining severe head injury require use of standardized treatment protocols, most of them focused on the maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure. (srce.hr)
  • The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between neurologic findings expressed as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, and intracranial cerebral perfusion and mean arterial pressure. (srce.hr)
  • In conclusion, the intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressures appear to correlate well with GCS score, thus monitoring of these pressures may be highly useful in the follow-up of patients with severe brain injury. (srce.hr)
  • Results: In the first SPECT scan, multiple areas of cerebral ischemia were documented in all patients in both groups, whereas bilateral thalamic ischemia were presented in all patients in the persistent coma group and were absented in the control group. (neuroskills.com)
  • Usually even three or four minutes of oxygen deprivation can cause irreversible damage and in this case Grade 3 coma would mean there is no cerebral activity and the body is on autonomous nervous system," he said. (gulfnews.com)
  • 5 years old with cerebral malaria (CM) or severe malarial anemia (SMA) treated at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda were assessed for behavioral outcomes at 0, 6, 12, and 24 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. (aappublications.org)
  • This study shows that cerebral malaria and severe malarial anemia are associated with long-term internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems in children. (aappublications.org)
  • 2 - 5 Cerebral malaria (CM) is the most severe form of malaria, characterized by altered consciousness (Blantyre coma score [BCS] ≤2) and Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia with no other obvious cause of coma. (aappublications.org)
  • Within the body, hypoxemia can lead to hypoxia ( tissue hypoxia) in various tissues and organs with the most severe being cerebral hypoxia that can rapidly result in brain damage or death. (rxlist.com)
  • This effect might be more pronounced in well-controlled patients, since intensive treatment of IDDM increases the rate of severe hypoglycemic events. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The incidence of severe hypoglycemic events (58 vs. 36, P = 0.037) including coma (16 vs. 3, P = 0.004) was significantly lower with insulin lispro than with regular insulin. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Drug-induced hypoglycemic coma in 102 diabetic patients. (scholarena.co)
  • Is neuronal injury caused by hypoglycemic coma of the necrotic or apoptotic type? (scholarena.co)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging changes after hypoglycemic coma. (scholarena.co)
  • Diffusion-weighted MR in hypoglycemic coma. (scholarena.co)
  • With the widespread of sale and use of oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin, hypoglycemic coma event have become a common medical emergency. (scholarena.co)
  • Here, we report a case of severe hypoglycemic coma events, blood sugar level has returned to normal and its brain MRI changes. (scholarena.co)
  • The study findings, appearing in the May 1, 2005 issue of Diabetes, have direct implications for the treatment of diabetic patients in hypoglycemic coma, according to the researchers. (innovations-report.com)
  • Another group received glucose only, which is the current standard treatment for hypoglycemic coma. (innovations-report.com)
  • Hypoglycemic coma was induced using insulin and ended 30 minutes later with glucose only. (innovations-report.com)
  • One pretty clear sign of a 'rebound headache' pattern is waking up with a severe headache. (drugs.com)
  • Chitinase-3-like 1 (CHI3L1) is a glycoprotein elevated in paediatric severe malaria, and an emerging urinary biomarker of acute kidney injury (AKI). (springer.com)
  • Based on the hypothesis that elevated CHI3L1 levels in malaria are associated with disease severity, the relationship between plasma CHI3L1 levels, AKI and mortality was investigated in Ugandan children enrolled in a clinical trial evaluating inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) as an adjunctive therapy for severe malaria. (springer.com)
  • Plasma CHI3L1 levels were measured daily for 4 days in children admitted to hospital with severe malaria and at day 14 follow up. (springer.com)
  • This is a secondary analysis of a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of iNO versus placebo as an adjunctive therapy for severe malaria. (springer.com)
  • Inclusion criteria were: age 1-10 years, and selected criteria for severe malaria. (springer.com)
  • CHI3L1 is a novel biomarker of malaria-associated AKI and an independent risk factor for mortality that is associated with well-established pathways of severe malaria pathogenesis including inflammation, endothelial activation, and haemolysis. (springer.com)
  • Despite significant progress in reducing malaria incidence and mortality [ 11 ], case fatality rates in severe disease remain high, and the identification of an effective adjunctive therapy is a research priority. (springer.com)
  • Severe malaria in children is associated with long-term neurocognitive impairment, but it is unclear whether it is associated with long-term behavioral problems. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 Malaria affects neurocognitive functioning and severe forms of malaria are associated with greater degrees of neurologic and cognitive impairment. (aappublications.org)
  • Severe Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in a tertiary care hospital, Sabah, Malaysia. (medscape.com)
  • British news anchor Charlie Webster has reportedly been brought out of a coma after contracting a rare strain of malaria while cycling to the Olympic Games. (torontosun.com)
  • The authors investigated the correlation between CT scans and Glasgow coma score (GCS), and complication rare during follow-up CT scans in an attempt to dissuade clinicians from obtaining unnecessary follow-up CT scans. (elsevier.com)
  • See detailed information below for a list of 26 causes of Severe diabetic-like coma , Symptom Checker , including diseases and drug side effect causes. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • For severe dehydration, start IV fluids immediately. (cdc.gov)
  • Shock essentialy is very low BP and no urine output.And usually unconciousness this could be due to weakness of heart muscle (cardiogenic), severe dehydration and low intravascular volume (hypovolemic) or severe infection (septic). (healthtap.com)
  • This causes severe dehydration and can cause significant damage to the body. (healthtap.com)
  • The symptoms of severe hypercapnia require immediate medical attention, as they can cause long-term complications. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Our study indicates that the GCS (as defined ≤ 8) in unconsciousness patients with multiple injuries shows only a moderate correlation with the diagnosis of severe TBI. (nih.gov)
  • moderate, and severe-based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). (britannica.com)
  • Anoxic brain injury can be mild, moderate, or severe. (medhelp.org)
  • It is used for a short while to treat moderate to severe pain, including pain after surgery. (cvs.com)
  • Disability measured by GOS was severe in 8 patients and moderate in 27, while recovery was good in 22 patients. (unipg.it)
  • Only patients (117) with moderate and severe head injuries were included in the study. (elsevier.com)
  • This rare was higher in severe head trauma (GCS 3-8) patients than in moderate head injury (GCS 9-12) patients. (elsevier.com)
  • The pulmonary infection rate due to gram-negative organisms was nearly doubled during barbiturate coma. (uzh.ch)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Barbiturate coma may cause reversible leukopenia and an increased infection rate. (uzh.ch)
  • Infection with Nipah virus (NiV) can cause mild to severe disease, including swelling of the brain (encephalitis) and potentially death. (cdc.gov)
  • Induced coma was a feature of the Milwaukee protocol, a now-discredited method that was promoted as a means of treating rabies infection in people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exclusion criteria included suspected bacterial meningitis, known chronic illness including renal disease, haemoglobinopathy, or severe malnutrition. (springer.com)
  • Symptoms of hypoxia and/or hypoxemia may be acute or chronic and vary in intensity from mild to severe. (rxlist.com)
  • OBJECTIVES: Barbiturate coma is employed in brain-injured patients whenever increases in intracranial pressure remain unresponsive to less aggressive therapeutic regimens. (uzh.ch)
  • When barbiturates are given to brain injured patients for induced coma, they act by reducing the electrical activity of the brain, which reduces the metabolic and oxygen demand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persistent coma after severe brain injury is associated with bilateral thalamic ischemia. (neuroskills.com)
  • 1. Describe the range of outcomes and prognosis that are possible following severe TBI. (blogs.com)
  • Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease. (springer.com)
  • Haemophysalis longicornis ticks have been considered the vector of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). (springer.com)
  • Beynon J, Akhtar S, Kearney T. Predictors of outcome in myxoedema coma. (medscape.com)
  • An analysis of clinical and demographic data of 264 patients with severe head injury showed that a combination of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, oculocephalic responses, and age can provide a simple but reliable prediction of outcome in severe head injury. (thejns.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Most patients who recovered from coma resulting from TBI have symptoms of overactive bladder syndrome and voiding difficulties. (unipg.it)
  • Asthma is a common condition in the UAE but usually patients who suffer from mild to severe versions of the condition have several steps for recourse. (gulfnews.com)
  • Hypercapnia symptoms can range from mild to severe. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In the two patients described in our article, a single but significant incidental dose of corticosteroid was the initial precipitating event, with prolonged fasting perpetuating a vicious metabolic cycle that culminated in severe hyperammonaemia. (mja.com.au)
  • His family said they were told he had been a coma since soon after his March 2016 sentencing. (nationalpost.com)
  • If the patient survives, cognitive impairment may also follow recovery from the coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to increased intracranial pressure (ICP), which did not respond to analgosedation, barbiturate coma was performed in 23 cases. (uzh.ch)
  • In case of severe attacks, patients keep SOS antihistamine and cortico steroid injections. (gulfnews.com)
  • Coma is defined as "a definite diagnosis of a state of unconsciousness with no reaction to external stimuli or response to internal needs for a continuous period of at least 96 hours, and for which period the Glasgow coma score must be 4 or less. (lifeinsurancecanada.com)
  • The diagnosis of Coma must be made by a Specialist. (lifeinsurancecanada.com)
  • We used a nationwide trauma database on severe trauma cases transported by fire departments across Korea in 2013 and 2015. (bvsalud.org)
  • Severe brain trauma and especially serious brain lesions inducing coma lead to many cases of disability. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The authors report the case of a patient who suffered an episode of severe, transient, arterial oxygen desaturation during "controlled" brain trauma: an otherwise uneventful stereotaxic biopsy of a small germinoma of the hypothalamus. (thejns.org)
  • There is a very rare problem where patients develop intra abdominal compartment syndrome but usually it relates to a severe trauma. (healthtap.com)
  • Some randomized trials have failed to demonstrate any survival or morbidity benefit of induced coma in diverse conditions such as neurosurgical operations, head trauma, intracranial aneurysm rupture, intracranial hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, and status epilepticus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Decreasing levels of unconsciousness (as defined by GCS) showed consistent rising prevalence of severe TBI (correlation coefficient r=-0.52). (nih.gov)
  • The patient had symptoms of severe brain edema requiring maximal therapy, which included cooling, mannitol, 3% saline, and a pentobarbital infusion. (medworm.com)
  • Nevertheless, the diagnostic value of GCS for severe TBI in the multiple-injured patient is unknown. (nih.gov)
  • During a severe attack, the patient suffers from broncho spasms that block the airways and deprive the brain of oxygen. (gulfnews.com)
  • Unfortunately, the patient remained in a coma. (scholarena.co)
  • In turn, either of these could explain a patient falling into a coma. (w3.org)
  • The patient has fallen into a coma. (w3.org)
  • On admission, the patient showed stuporous mentality, with a Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score of 8. (springer.com)
  • In Patient 1, sleepiness at 48 hours progressed to incoherence, blurred vision, and severe agitation that required intubation 2 days later. (mja.com.au)
  • If a coma patient continues to be dependent on a ventilator to breathe, they may receive a special tube that goes directly into their windpipe through the front of the throat (a tracheotomy ). (howstuffworks.com)
  • However, during and after barbiturate coma, close monitoring of leukocytes and infections and careful selection of antibiotics is required. (uzh.ch)
  • Several studies have supported this theory by showing reduced mortality when treating refractory intracranial hypertension with a barbiturate coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some studies have shown that barbiturate-induced coma can reduce intracranial hypertension but does not necessarily prevent brain damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect of high dose barbiturate decompression after severe head injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • RESULTS: A total of 52 patients with severe isolated head injury were consecutively investigated. (uzh.ch)
  • is a lawyer who focuses his practice on representing persons with brain injury, head injury, concussion, and coma. (blogs.com)
  • A severe TBI was defined by an AIS(head) ≥ 3. (nih.gov)
  • Approximately 20% of all multiple-injured patients arriving in the emergency department with an initial GCS of 15 had severe TBI (AIS(head) ≥ 3). (nih.gov)
  • However, due to the poor sensitivity of GCS, we suggest the use of the anatomical scoring system with AIS(head) ≥ 3 to define severe TBI in patients with multiple injuries. (nih.gov)
  • He suffered a severe head injury with coma on arrival, which required immediate neurosurgical intervention. (skysports.com)
  • Within the framework of a prospective double-blind and randomized study evaluating the efficacy of continuous intrathecal baclofen therapy (CIBT) on paroxysmal dysautonomia (main objective) and hypertonia, recovery and tolerance (secondary objectives) during the initial recovery phase of severe head injury, continuous intrathecal baclofen infusion will be delivered. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Data from 523 patients admitted to the Medical College of Virginia with severe head injury and known 6-month outcomes were analyzed in order to determine the optimal combination of early-available prognostic factors. (thejns.org)
  • He suffered a severe brain injury when his head hit the pavement. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Every 21 seconds, we have a new head injury and about one-third of those will be severe. (redorbit.com)
  • The most common cause of severe head injury in the civilian population is motor vehicle accidents, and the highest-risk group is 16-to-24-year-old males. (redorbit.com)
  • While it may not be the most severe of injuries, it can come with catastrophic injury to the brain. (tbilaw.com)
  • In addition to his more visible injuries, he had suffered severe brain damage resulting in significant short-term memory loss. (memorialhermann.org)
  • Higher scores mean less severe injuries. (mayoclinic.org)
  • People with severe injuries may also have other injuries that need to be addressed. (mayoclinic.org)
  • He sustained a brain aneurysm, along with other severe injuries. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The injuries were severe. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe, altered level of consciousness can occur in conditions apart from diabetes too. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • After 30 minutes of diabetic coma?determined by monitoring the animals brainwaves using EEG (electro-encephalogram) - one group of rats was restored to consciousness with the administration of glucose plus pyruvate. (innovations-report.com)
  • By these criteria, 6546 patients (36.3%) were unconscious, and 8746 patients (48.6%) had severe TBI. (nih.gov)
  • Only 56.1% of patients with severe TBI (n=4903) had been unconscious. (nih.gov)
  • Someone who is in a coma is unconscious and will not respond to voices, other sounds, or any sort of activity going on nearby. (kidshealth.org)
  • In research studies with rats, senior investigator Raymond A. Swanson, MD, and lead author Sang Won Suh, PhD, demonstrated the effectiveness of pyruvate, a naturally-occurring byproduct of glucose, when administered along with glucose after 30 minutes of diabetic coma. (innovations-report.com)