Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Asperger Syndrome: A disorder beginning in childhood whose essential features are persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These symptoms may limit or impair everyday functioning. (From DSM-5)Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Regression (Psychology): A return to earlier, especially to infantile, patterns of thought or behavior, or stage of functioning, e.g., feelings of helplessness and dependency in a patient with a serious physical illness. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994).Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Stereotypic Movement Disorder: Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Communication Disorders: Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Nonverbal Communication: Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Theory of Mind: The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Endophenotypes: Measurable biological (physiological, biochemical, and anatomical features), behavioral (psychometric pattern) or cognitive markers that are found more often in individuals with a disease than in the general population. Because many endophenotypes are present before the disease onset and in individuals with heritable risk for disease such as unaffected family members, they can be used to help diagnose and search for causative genes.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Fragile X Syndrome: A condition characterized genotypically by mutation of the distal end of the long arm of the X chromosome (at gene loci FRAXA or FRAXE) and phenotypically by cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation of FRAXA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p226)HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins: A constitutively expressed subfamily of the HSP70 heat-shock proteins. They preferentially bind and release hydrophobic peptides by an ATP-dependent process and are involved in post-translational PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Infant Behavior: Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Language Therapy: Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.DNA Copy Number Variations: Stretches of genomic DNA that exist in different multiples between individuals. Many copy number variations have been associated with susceptibility or resistance to disease.Macrocephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the occipitofrontal circumference is greater than two standard deviations above the mean for a given age. It is associated with HYDROCEPHALUS; SUBDURAL EFFUSION; ARACHNOID CYSTS; or is part of a genetic condition (e.g., ALEXANDER DISEASE; SOTOS SYNDROME).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Teriparatide: A polypeptide that consists of the 1-34 amino-acid fragment of human PARATHYROID HORMONE, the biologically active N-terminal region. The acetate form is given by intravenous infusion in the differential diagnosis of HYPOPARATHYROIDISM and PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)Rett Syndrome: An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Grooming: An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Personal Construct Theory: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)Sibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2: A DNA-binding protein that interacts with methylated CPG ISLANDS. It plays a role in repressing GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and is frequently mutated in RETT SYNDROME.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.United StatesIrritable Mood: Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.Generalization (Psychology): The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.Early Diagnosis: Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal: Surface ligands that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion and function in the assembly and interconnection of the vertebrate nervous system. These molecules promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism. These are not to be confused with NEURAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES, now known to be expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types in addition to nervous tissue.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Perceptual Disorders: Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Child Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15: A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Nerve Tissue ProteinsPedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Genetic Association Studies: The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.Speech Therapy: Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.Eye Movement Measurements: Methods and procedures for recording EYE MOVEMENTS.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein: A RNA-binding protein that is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM. It helps regulate GENETIC TRANSLATION in NEURONS and is absent or under-expressed in FRAGILE X SYNDROME.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Heavy Metal Poisoning, Nervous System: Conditions associated with damage or dysfunction of the nervous system caused by exposure to heavy metals, which may cause a variety of central, peripheral, or autonomic nervous system injuries.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Sensation Disorders: Disorders of the special senses (i.e., VISION; HEARING; TASTE; and SMELL) or somatosensory system (i.e., afferent components of the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Animal Assisted Therapy: The use of live animal as a means of therapyChild Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Williams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Chromosome Duplication: An aberration in which an extra chromosome or a chromosomal segment is made.CaliforniaAnxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)Recognition (Psychology): The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.Nervous System Malformations: Structural abnormalities of the central or peripheral nervous system resulting primarily from defects of embryogenesis.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16: A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Wandering Behavior: Moving oneself through space while confused or otherwise cognitively impaired. Patterns include akathisia, exhibiting neuroleptic-induced pacing and restlessness; exit seekers who are often newly admitted institution residents who try to open locked exit doors; self-stimulators who perform other activities such as turning doorknobs, in addition to continuous pacing; and modelers who shadow other pacers.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Checklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Human papillomavirus 11: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS causing recurrent respiratory PAPILLOMATOSIS; GENITAL WARTS; and other neoplasms.Tuberous Sclerosis: Autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome classically characterized by MENTAL RETARDATION; EPILEPSY; and skin lesions (e.g., adenoma sebaceum and hypomelanotic macules). There is, however, considerable heterogeneity in the neurologic manifestations. It is also associated with cortical tuber and HAMARTOMAS formation throughout the body, especially the heart, kidneys, and eyes. Mutations in two loci TSC1 and TSC2 that encode hamartin and tuberin, respectively, are associated with the disease.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Schools: Educational institutions.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Auditory Perceptual Disorders: Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Risperidone: A selective blocker of DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS and SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTORS that acts as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It has been shown to improve both positive and negative symptoms in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA.Gene-Environment Interaction: The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.Mentally Disabled Persons: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.

*Andrew J. Gerber

... particularly in relation to autism spectrum disorders and change in response to psychotherapy. He is a member of the American ... "Bridging the Gap Between Neuroscientific and Psychodynamic Models in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry". Child Adolesc ... The New York Times article, Tell It About Your Mother: Can brain-scanning help save Freudian psychoanalysis? details some of ... "The role of adaptive behavior in autism spectrum disorders: implications for functional outcome." Journal of autism and ...

*Imprinted brain theory

A direct comparison of autism and schizophrenia risks in relation to birth weight within the same population also supports ... in the father's reproductive interest for his child to maximize usage of the mother's resources while it may be in the mother's ... The imprinted brain theory is an evolutionary psychology theory regarding the causes of autism spectrum disorders and psychosis ... The imprinted brain theory regarding autism spectrum disorders is somewhat similar although not identical with the extreme male ...

*Discrete trial training

Although this is one approach, many children on the autism spectrum learn differently and this needs to be taken into account ... Schopler E, Short A, Meisbov G (1989). "Relation of behavioral treatment to "normal functioning": Comment on lovaas". Journal ... Gonnerman, Jennifer (20 August 2007). "School of Shock". Mother Jones Magazine. Retrieved 2007-12-22. Elder, Jennifer Harrison ... 2007) conducted a survey study that involved 383 families with children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from North ...

*Handedness

A variety of neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety ... For example, if both parents of a child are left-handed, there is a 26% chance of that child being left-handed. A large study ... spatial relations and emotions in more diverse and potentially creative ways. Also, a slightly larger number of left-handers ... sonography used to check on the healthy development of the fetus and mother during pregnancy) and left-handedness. In his book ...

*Vertically transmitted infection

... that uses mother-to-child transmission, that is, transmission directly from the mother to an embryo, fetus, or baby during ... In the spectrum of optimal virulence, vertical transmission tends to evolve benign symbiosis. It is, therefore, a critical ... 2000). "Randomized Trial of Vitamin Supplements in Relation to Vertical Transmission of HIV-1 in Tanzania". Journal of Acquired ... Hearing impairment, eye problems, mental retardation, autism, and death can be caused by vertically transmitted infections. The ...

*Autism spectrum

... rejecting demeanor of a child's mother. Naturally, parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder suffered from blame, ... While research is not conclusive on the relation of these factors to autism, each of these factors has been identified more ... Autism spectrum disorders in young children. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. July 2009;18(3):645-63. doi:10.1016/j.chc. ... Autism forms the core of the autism spectrum disorders. Asperger syndrome is closest to autism in signs and likely causes; ...

*Joint attention

Autism spectrum disorders). A core deficit noted in autism is eye gaze. Autistic children have difficulty alternating their ... "Establishment of joint attention in dyads involving hearing mothers of deaf and hearing children and its relation to adaptive ... Evolutionary Origins of Mother-Infant Relationship. In T. Matsuzawa M. Tomonaga & M. Tanaka (Eds.), Cognitive Development in ... "Social and non-social visual attention patterns and associative learning in infants at risk for autism". Journal of Child ...

*Affect display

In the early 2000s over the period of about seven years, a study was done on about 200 children whose mother had "a history of ... 151-175 Lazarus, R. S. (1982). Thoughts on the Relations between Emotions and Cognition. American Physiologist, 37(10), pp. ... Psychology portal Affect (psychology) Affect theory Affective Affective spectrum Deception Discrete emotions theory Emotion ... autism and persons with traumatic brain injuries. One study has shown that people with schizophrenia that experience flat ...

*Trigonocephaly

Via a photo shown on a Facebook page, the mother of a child previously diagnosed with this condition recognised the symptoms ... Autism Spectrum Disorder) and CD (Conduct Disorder). Many of these delays become evident at school age. Treatment is surgical ... Hereditary relations in metopic synostosis have been found of which 5,5% were well defined syndromic. Maternal age and a birth ... He described a child with a V-shaped skull and a cleft lip. Strickler M, van der Meulen J, Rahael B, Mazolla R. Craniofacial ...

*Causes of mental disorders

Any damage that occurs to a fetus while still in its mother's womb is considered prenatal damage. If the pregnant mother uses ... According to this theory, the more secure a child's attachment is to a nurturing adult, the more likely that child will ... According to research, certain conditions, such as autism result from a disruption of early fetal brain progression.[better ... 2004). "Self-esteem in a broad-spectrum approach for mental health promotion". Health Education Research. 19 (4): 357-72. doi: ...

*Social cognition

Identification of lateralized compensatory neural activities within the social brain due to autism spectrum disorder in ... "Subjective and objective measures of parent-child relationship dysfunction, child separation distress, and joint attention". ... "The Relation between Nonverbal IQ and Postoperative CI Outcomes in Cochlear Implant Users: Preliminary Result". BioMed Research ... face and scent of their mother. Behavioral sink Cognitive dissonance Distributed cognition Empathy Joint attention ...

*Abhisit Vejjajiva

They have two children: Prang Vejjajiva (daughter) and Pannasit Vejjajiva (son). Pannasit has suffered from autism since birth ... He is fluent in both his mother tongue and the English language, and has dual Thai and British citizenship. His dual ... Prior to Abhisit's planned speech at St John's College on 14 March 2009, Lee Jones, a researcher on international relations at ... cancellation of 3G 2.1 gigahertz spectrum licence auctions, and larger budgets for government-owned TOT. Upon his appointment ...

*Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking

TED 2012 Full Spectrum / "Program Speaker Bios A-Z" (Archived March 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.) shows Cain as "Quiet ... Cain describes how introversion in children is not a defect but instead may involve a careful, sensitive temperament that may ... Aron, Elaine M., and Aron, Arthur, "Sensory-Processing Sensitivity and its Relation to Introversion and Emotionality" (Archived ... Gilman, Priscilla, "Don't Blame Autism for Newtown" (WebCite archive), The New York Times, December 17, 2012. Carletti, Fabiola ...

*Hygiene hypothesis

"Elevated cytokine levels in children with autism spectrum disorder". Journal of Neuroimmunology. 172 (1-2): 198-205. doi: ... the Norwegian mother and child cohort study". Am J Epidemiol. 174 (11): 1275-85. doi:10.1093/aje/kwr242. PMC 3254156 . PMID ... Stene LC, Nafstad P. Relation between occurrence of type 1 diabetes and asthma" Lancet 2001;357:607 Raison CL, Lowry CA, Rook ... "Immune activation of peripheral blood and mucosal CD3+ lymphocyte cytokine profiles in children with autism and ...

*Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome

Bukelis, I.; Porter, F. D.; Zimmerman, A. W.; Tierney, E. (2007). "Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder". ... Younger children and infants may require tube feeding. However, dietary cholesterol does not reduce the levels of 7DHC, cannot ... These pregnadienes originated in the fetus and traveled through the placenta before reaching the mother. Their excretion ... particularly in relation to pregnancies with fetuses deficient in Δ7-sterol reductase (Dhcr7), the enzyme associated with Smith ...

*Angelman syndrome

Angelman, Harry (1965). "'Puppet' Children: A report of three cases". Dev Med Child Neurol. 7 (6): 681-688. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... Angelman syndrome is due to a lack of function of part of chromosome 15 inherited from a person's mother. Most of the time, it ... On one end of the spectrum, a mutation to the UBE3A gene is thought to correlate to the least affected, whereas larger ... Paroxysms of laughter have no relation to the EEG, ruling out this feature as a gelastic phenomenon. It appears that the ...

*Irving Gottesman

The authors investigated autism and psychiatric disorders among children, but found little relation to adult schizophrenia or ... Handbook of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Volume 1, Conceptual issues and neurobiological advances. New York, NY: Springer ... such as an overly protective mother, birth order, natal weight, and social and economic elements were ruled out. Gottesman and ... genes influenced differences between children's test scores more among high SES than among low SES children. Gottesman ...

*Dhammakaya Movement

p. 4. Cowen, Virginia S. (2011). Therapeutic massage and bodywork for autism spectrum disorders: a guide for parents and ... She was the third born to her father Rom and mother Wan. She was separated from her parents at an early age, being adopted by ... They had two children together before the untimely death of her husband - from which time onwards, Thongsuk Samdaengpan had to ... As of 2007[update], there was not yet enough evidence to draw any conclusions about the relation between Yogavacara and ...

*Language development

With motherese, the mother talks to the child and responds back to the child, whether it be a babble the child made or a short ... New studies use this theory now to treat individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Additionally, Relational Frame ... of children's two-word utterances could be summarized in the existence of 11 semantic relations: Attributive: 'Big house' Agent ... For example, when an eighteen-months old child sees a sheep and his mother points at it and says the word 'sheep', the child ...

*Attachment disorder

In general these therapies are aimed at adopted or fostered children with a view to creating attachment in these children to ... In relation to infants, it primarily consists of proximity seeking to an attachment figure in the face of threat, for the ... This spectrum would have at one end the characteristics called secure attachment; midway along the range of disturbance would ... Dead mother complex Emotional dysregulation John Bowlby Fonagy, Peter. Attachment Theory and Psychoanalysis. Other Professional ...

*Paternal age effect

"In this particular study, no adjustment was made for the health of the mother, and this could have had a large effect on child ... Some studies examining autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and advanced paternal age have demonstrated an association between the ... The other effect is an indirect effect in relation to mutations on the X chromosome which are passed to daughters who are then ... Amaral, David; Dawson, Geraldine; Geschwind, Daniel (2011-06-17). Autism Spectrum Disorders. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN ...

*Leo Kanner

"Leo Kanner's 1943 paper on autism , Spectrum , Autism Research News". Spectrum , Autism Research News. 2007-12-07. Retrieved ... but his mother noted that in comparing Richard to her younger child, the elder child failed to show any "physiognomic or ... At the office, he wandered about the room aimlessly, but did not bring two objects into relation with each other. When ... "infantile autism," which is now simply known as autism. Later on, Kanner served as the Chief of Child Psychiatry at Johns ...

*Environmental toxicants and fetal development

Effects on the child later in life include changes in liver function, thyroid hormone levels, white blood cell levels, and ... Many cases of autism are related to particular geographic locations, implying that something in the environment is ... Substances which have been found to be particularly harmful are lead (which is stored in the mother's bones), cigarette smoke, ... Wing L.; Potter D. (2002). "The epidemiology of autistic spectrum disorders: is the prevalence rising?". Mental Retardation and ...

*Communication

This theory follows the relationships that builds between a mother and child, and the impact it has on their relationships with ... media relations, public relations (which can include social media, broadcast and written communications, and more), brand ... Disorders such as autism may also severely hamper effective communication. To face communication noise, redundancy and ... while larger organizations may employ a full spectrum of communications. Since it is difficult to develop such a broad range of ...

*Auditory processing disorder

A review showed substantial evidence for atypical processing of auditory information in children with autism. Dawes and Bishop ... ISBN 978-159-756260-7. O'Connor K (December 2011). "Auditory processing in autism spectrum disorder: A review". Neurosci ... 2003). "Parent-reported language skills in relation to otitis media during the first 3 years of life". Journal of Speech, ... Central auditory processing disorder may be hereditary neurological traits from the mother or the father.[citation needed] In ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Linkage between pain sensitivity and empathic response in adolescents with autism spectrum conditions and conduct disorder symptoms. AU - Chen, Chenyi. AU - Hung, An Yi. AU - Fan, Yang Teng. AU - Tan, Shuai. AU - Hong, Hua. AU - Cheng, Yawei. PY - 2017/2/1. Y1 - 2017/2/1. N2 - Lack of empathy is one of the behavioral hallmarks in individuals with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) as well as youth with conduct disorder symptoms (CDS). Previous research has reliably documented considerable overlap between the perception of others pain and first-hand experience of pain. However, the linkage between empathy for pain and sensitivity to physical pain needs to be empirically determined, particularly in individuals with empathy deficits. This study measured the pressure pain threshold, which indexes sensitization of peripheral nociceptors, and assessed subjective ratings of unpleasantness and pain ...
Diagnosis is most commonly made between the ages of four and eleven.[1] A comprehensive assessment involves a multidisciplinary team[2][7][61] that observes across multiple settings,[1] and includes neurological and genetic assessment as well as tests for cognition, psychomotor function, verbal and nonverbal strengths and weaknesses, style of learning, and skills for independent living.[7] The current gold standard in diagnosing ASDs combines clinical judgment with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R)-a semistructured parent interview-and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)-a conversation and play-based interview with the child.[4] Delayed or mistaken diagnosis can be traumatic for individuals and families; for example, misdiagnosis can lead to medications that worsen behavior.[61][62] Many children with AS are initially misdiagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ...
Autism is a complex biological disorder that generally lasts throughout a persons life. It starts before age three and causes delays or problems with many different ways in which a person develops or grows. Some people with autism become very aggressive and can hurt others or themselves. This study will test the hypothesis that aggressive autistic adolescents will show a significantly greater response to valproate maintained at blood levels of 75-100 mcg/ml than to placebo. The study will also assess the safety of valproate in autistic adolescents. This represents the first double-blind study of valproate in mentally retarded/developmentally delayed populations.. Participants in this study will undergo DSM-IV evaluation, the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, and baseline blood tests. After baseline screening, all participants ...
Contrary to popular belief, autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) do not preclude athletic achievement, though athletes with ASDs tend to prefer individual physical pursuits to team sports. Sports in which those with ASDs have excelled include running, swimming, surfing, martial arts, baseball, basketball, and archery.. The following examples indicate what can be achieved when an athletic activity becomes the special interest of an individual with an autistic spectrum disorder. Many credit the achievements of these athletes to the intense focus, penchant for routine, and in some cases, unique cognitive abilities that come with ASD.. Running. Anthony Crudale, a competitive marathon runner, was diagnosed with autism at 18 months old and didnt speak until the age of four. Crudale has overcome numerous obstacles, achieving a university degree in art. His interests include heavy metal music and long-distance running.. Those who dont have a good ...
Create digital lessons using the best online material for free. Guide quick students through more difficult pathways. Track your students progress using real-time statistics.: What is it like to have Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What are the challenges someone with ASD faces, what positive benefits if any? How can we help someone with ASD? In this series of free learning modules you can engage with what are defined as Special Educational Needs (SEN). A student with SEN has some issues whereby the way they learn and interact with the world is different to most people in a way that makes it harder to learn in a school environment. Several of these differences have been identified in enough people in the same kinds of ways to be labeled as a specific disorder such as Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Dyslexia.
Trinity College Dublin, like other third level institutions has seen a rise in the number of students accessing the university with disabilities. In particular one of the greatest increases in student numbers attending university are those individuals with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Over the past five years the number of students with ASD utilising supports from the Disability Service and Unilink Service in Trinity has increased six-fold, and Trinity now has the highest number of students with ASD studying in Ireland. The Trinity College Disability Service in collaboration with the Unilink Service have developed a model of support for students with ASD which aims to support the students at all stages in their student journey from University entrance to graduation and employment.. This webpage provides information and advice for students with Autistic Spectrum Disorders who are thinking about coming to university and shares the experiences of TCD Students with ASD ...
Buy, download and read 101 Interesting Facts on Autistic Spectrum Disorder ebook online in EPUB or PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Kevin Snelgrove. ISBN: 9781909949959. Publisher: Andrews UK. Does a member of your family have Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or is someone close to you showing signs of being affected by it? Do you know what traits to look out for and how to respond to peopl
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the most recent nomenclature for developmental disorders characterized by persistently impaired social interaction and communication, with stereotypic behavior [1]. These have previously been also referred to as Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or Autism [2]. Western literature reports the prevalence of PDD in children as 0.67-1.2% [3,4]. According to a multicentric Indian community study, it is 0.8 - 1.3% in 2- to 9-year-old children [5]. Early identification of Autism is invaluable as timely intervention is known to improve outcomes [6]. Current standard protocols of evaluation recommend satisfying diagnostic criteria of International Classification of Diseases (ICD) or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), followed by qualitative assessment with internationally validated instruments ...
The aim of this study was to investigate a previously overlooked, universally introduced environmental factor, fetal and retroviral contaminants in childhood vaccines, absent prior to change points (CPs) in autistic disorder (AD) prevalence with subsequent dose-effect evidence and known pathologic mechanisms of action.  Worldwide population based cohort study was used for the design of this study. The United States, Western Australia, United Kingdom and Denmark settings were used. All live born infants who later developed autistic disorder delivered after 1 January 1970, whose redacted vaccination and autistic disorder diagnosis information is publicly available in databases maintained by the US Federal Government, Western Australia, UK, and Denmark. The live births, grouped by father’s age, were from the US and Australia. The children vaccinated with MMRII, Varicella and Hepatitis A vaccines varied from 19 to 35 months of age at the time of vaccination. Autistic ...
... James H. Johnson, Ph.D., ABPP University of Florida Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Old and New Labels • The current DSM IV category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders includes several more severe forms of child psychopathology. • Historically disorders of this type have been referred to by a variety of labels such as - - - - - atypical psychosis, child psychosis, symbiotic psychosis, childhood schizophrenia, and infantile autism Evolution in the Classification of PDD • Prior to 1980 and the development of DSM III. there was no adequate classification system for the diagnosis of these disorders. • In DSM II there was no category appropriate for more severe forms of child psychopathology apart from "Childhood Schizophrenia". • This category was very general and not sufficient for the diagnosis of the full range problems now considered under the heading of PDD DSM II Criteria for ...
Aspergers Disorder (commonly misspelled as asbergers) is a milder variant of Autistic Disorder. Both Aspergers Disorder and Autistic Disorder are in fact subgroups of a larger diagnostic category. This larger category is called either Autistic Spectrum Disorders or Pervasive Developmental Disorders ("PDD").. Prognosis of an autistic child is rather poor: typically only one in twenty will display any improvement by adulthood. There is not a specific medical treatment for autism, however, there are quite a few alternative treatments for autism that have shown promise in behavior outcomes.. Vitamin B6 has shown promise in correcting abnormal metabolite excretion from a tryptophan load test. Autism Asperger syndrome given B6 have shown significant improvement overall, with true B6 deficiency present. This alternative treatment for autism may ...
In a prevalence study of autism, Wing & Gould (1979) identified a large number of children who failed to meet the diagnostic criteria for classic autism, but had a triad of impairments involving social interaction, communication and imagination, with additional repetitive stereotyped activities. This triad of symptoms, termed the autistic spectrum, was recognised at all levels of intelligence and is included in DSM-IV as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, and in ICD-10 as atypical autism, other pervasive developmental disorders or pervasive developmental disorders, unspecified. The estimated prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (autistic spectrum disorders) may be as high as 91 per 10 000.. At present it is not clear whether Asperger syndrome is distinct from the autistic ...
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare condition with a prevalence of 1 in 125,000-720,000 births and characterized by clinical features that include facial, dental, and limb dysmorphology and growth retardation. Most cases of RSTS occur sporadically and are caused by de novo mutations. Cytogenetic or molecular abnormalities are detected in only 55% of RSTS cases. Previous genetic studies have yielded inconsistent results due to the variety of methods used for genetic analysis. The purpose of this study was to use whole exome sequencing (WES) to evaluate the genetic causes of RSTS in a young girl presenting with an Autism phenotype. We used the Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS) and Autism diagnostic interview revised (ADI-R) to confirm her diagnosis of Autism. In addition, various questionnaires were used to evaluate other psychiatric features. We used WES to ...
About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD is on Rediff pages, Given that each boy or girl that has a PDD has different amounts of capabilities, intelligence, along with behavioral difficulties, there is certainly no single remedy that works well for each person. Instead a method that actually works for the...,Follow About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD to get latest updates from About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD
TY - JOUR. T1 - Distal trisomy 10q syndrome, report of a patient with duplicated q24.31 - qter, autism spectrum disorder and unusual features. AU - Al-Sarraj, Yaser. AU - Al-Khair, Hakam Abu. AU - Taha, Rowaida Ziad. AU - Khattab, Namat. AU - El Sayed, Zakaria H.. AU - Elhusein, Bushra. AU - El-Shanti, Hatem. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. N2 - We report on a patient with distal trisomy 10q syndrome presenting with a few previously undescribed physical features, as well as, autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We recommend that patients with distal trisomy 10q syndrome should have a behavioral evaluation for ASD for the early institution of therapy.. AB - We report on a patient with distal trisomy 10q syndrome presenting with a few previously undescribed physical features, as well as, autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We recommend that patients with distal trisomy ...
Sometimes new drivers, including teens with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD), have a hard time visually detecting critical items and anticipating a needed response to objects and other traffic indicators of a potentially hazardous situation. These critical items include traffic signs such as speed limit, stop and yield signs, as well as crosswalk and pavement markings that alert drivers to possible pedestrian traffic. In addition, novice drivers may also be unaware of other drivers break lights and turn signals that would require a response. Research has shown that the detection of these items and other skills required for safe driving, can be improved through driving-related computerized training programs.. This research study is being done to test the benefits of a computerized training program for drivers education students to see if it improves perception of these important traffic indicators for novice drivers, particularly those with ...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (As defined by a gold standard measure for ASD diagnosis: the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Autism Diagnostic Interview, and/or the minimum Arkansas state requirement for autism classification, as defined by a consensus diagnosis of ASD by a medical doctor, speech pathologist, and psychologist.). In an event where sufficient diagnostic information is lacking, and the PI believes that the clients meet all other inclusion criteria and a prospective diagnosis of an ASD is clinically warranted, and a formal diagnosis is scheduled to occur within a reasonable time frame from the date of study entry, then the client may be considered as potentially eligible ...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a genetically linked, neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments within the social-communication domain and the presence of stereotyped and repetitive interests or behaviors. While previously referring to a group of pervasive developmental disorders (autism, Aspergers disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified), ASD now serves as an umbrella term where severity levels are assigned. ASD is characteristically heterogeneous; that is, manifestation of impairments can vary greatly. For example, nonverbal IQ can range from meeting criteria for severe intellectual disability to within or above the normal range. While language impairment is not a diagnostic criterion for autism, deficits in language are often found-although heterogeneity is again pervasive. While some children with ASD acquire language ...
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three that adversely affects a childs educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. This impairment may include: Autistic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (Atypical Autism), Aspergers Disorder, Retts Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder or all Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Autism does not apply if a childs educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child ...
For the diagnostician specialising in the pervasive developmental disorders, there is a responsibility to fit the diagnosis to the child in question as precisely as possible, mapping the characteristics of the child against criteria in such a way that the diagnosis makes sense to parents in terms of the child they know, and leads them to a better understanding and more appropriate services. Diagnosis within these disorders is potentially especially transparent to parents because it does not depend on technically abstruse tests, but allows parents to follow and contribute to the diagnostic argument as the childs past and present behaviours begin to fall into place as being representative of specific criteria.. However, it is not always possible to give a clear cut diagnosis of the childs exact place within the pervasive developmental disorders; and this puts both parents and child in a difficult position. ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Pervasive developmental disorders at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Pervasive developmental disorders easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
It is proposed to perform a pilot study to ask whether genetic variation at SERPINI1 is contributing to idiopathic autism. To maximize the chance of finding such variants, the perseveration and language delay endophenotypes (simpler intermediate traits) will be used to select twenty autistic multiplex (and if necessary singleplex) families with idiopathic autistic patients who have been evaluated with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-revised (ADI-R) and their nuclear families ( siblings and their parents) will be identified by Dr. Liptak and Dr. Lebel with the assistance of Ms Klausner and recruited. Patients with syndromic autism due to known causes such as fragile X syndrome, Tuberous sclerosis, Down syndrome, and Neurofibromatosis type I will be excluded. The entire SERPINI1 coding region (nine exons), one kilobase of promoter region (Chen, 2007) and at least 200 bp of intron flanking each exon will be ...
Autistic disorder is a severe neurodevelopment disorder characterized by a triad of impairments in reciprocal social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and a pattern of repetitive stereotyped activities, behaviours and interests. There are strong lines of evidence to suggest that the immune system plays an important role in the pathogenesis of autistic disorder. The aim of this study was to analyze quantitative plasma concentration of immunoglobulin classes, and subclasses in autistic patients and their families. The investigation was performed retrospectively in 50 persons with autistic disorder in the Republic of Macedonia. Infantile autistic disorder was diagnosed by DSM-IV and ICD-10 criteria. Plasma immunoglobulin classes (IgM, IgA, and IgG) and subclasses (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4) were determined using Nephelometer Analyzer BN-100. Multiple comparisons for the IgA variable have shown statistically significant differences between three pairs: male autistic from the fathers ...
References Allen, C. W., Silove, N., Williams, K., & Hutchins, P. (2007). Validity of the Social Communication Questionnaire in assessing risk of autism in preschool children with developmental problems. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), 1272-1278. Allison, C., Williams, J., Scott, F., Stott, C., Bolton, P., Baron-Cohen, S., & Brayne, C. (2007). The Childhood Aspergers Syndrome Test (CAST): Test-retest reliability in a high scoring sample. Autism, 11(2), 173-185. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. Autism Speaks. (2012, March 29). Autism prevalence rises to 1 in 88. Autism Speaks. Retrieved April 21, 2014, from ...
In work not peer-reviewed but presented at the 2016 International Meeting for Autism Research a group of scientists have reported a possible link between high levels of folate during pregnancy and a childs risk of autism.. Dr Payam Rezaie, Reader in Neuropathology, The Open University and Co-editor of Researching the Autism Spectrum, said:. "The claim that excessive blood levels of folic acid and vitamin B12 in a new mother may increase the risk of the child having an autism spectrum condition is unsubstantiated. As far as I am aware this study has not been scientifically peer-reviewed, and is not yet published. The initial findings are only now being presented at a conference later this week. Without a rigorous and independent scientific enquiry into the study, it would be irresponsible for ...
...CHICAGO Some kids with autism may have a genetic defect that affects ...The study looked at 37 children with autism spectrum disorders who wer...A total of 24 of the children or 65 percent had defects in the proce...Most children with autism spectrum disorders do not have recognizable ...,Kids,with,autism,may,have,gene,that,causes,muscle,weakness,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
What distinguishes Aspergers Disorder from classic autism are its less severe symptoms and the absence of language delays. Children with Aspergers Disorder may be only mildly affected, and they frequently have good language and cognitive skills. To the untrained observer, a child with Aspergers Disorder may just seem like a neurotypical child behaving differently.. Children with autism are frequently viewed as aloof and uninterested in others. This is not the case with Aspergers Disorder. Individuals with Aspergers Disorder usually want to fit in and have interaction with others, but often they dont know how to do it. They may be socially awkward, not understand conventional social rules or show a lack of empathy. They may have limited eye contact, seem unengaged in a conversation and not understand the use of gestures or sarcasm.. Their interests in a particular subject may ...
Autism Speaks, the worlds leading autism science and advocacy organization, selected Ben Philpot and Mark Zylkas research on the underlying causes of autism as one of the top 10 advances in autism research of 2013. To read more, click here.. ...
Asperger Syndrome - MedHelps Asperger Syndrome Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Asperger Syndrome. Find Asperger Syndrome information, treatments for Asperger Syndrome and Asperger Syndrome symptoms.
Messinger et al. found a 3.18 odds ratio of male to female ASD recurrence in 1241 prospectively followed high-risk (HR) siblings. Among high-risk siblings (with and without ASD), as well as among 583 low-risk controls, girls exhibited higher performance on the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, as well as lower restricted and repetitive behavior severity scores on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) than boys. That is, female-favoring sex differences in developmental performance and autism traits were evident among low-risk and non-ASD high-risk children, as well as those with ASD. Constantino (Mol Autism) suggests that sex differences in categorical ASD outcomes in Messinger et al. should be understood as a female protective effect. We are receptive to Constantinos (Mol Autism) suggestion, and propose that quantitative sex differences in ...
A review of executive function deficits in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Francesco Craig,1 Francesco Margari,2 Anna R Legrottaglie,1 Roberto Palumbi,1 Concetta de Giambattista,1 Lucia Margari1 1Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, 2Psychiatry Unit, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy Abstract: Executive dysfunction has been shown to be a promising endophenotype in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This article reviewed 26 studies that examined executive function comparing ASD and/or ADHD children. In light of findings from this review, the ASD + ADHD group appears to share impairment in both flexibility and planning with the ASD group, while it shares the ...
Anxiety may exacerbate interpersonal difficulties and contribute to secondary behavioral problems in adolescents with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD). This study was conducted to ass
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anxiety in 3- to 7-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder seeking treatment for disruptive behavior. AU - Sukhodolsky, Denis G.. AU - Lecavalier, Luc. AU - Johnson, Cynthia. AU - Smith, Tristram. AU - Swiezy, Naomi. AU - Bearss, Karen. AU - Kalvin, Carla B.. AU - Scahill, Lawrence. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Anxiety is a common and impairing problem in children with autism spectrum disorder, but little is known about it in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder. This article reports on the characteristics of anxiety symptoms in young children with autism spectrum disorder using a parent-completed rating scale. One hundred and eighty children (age 3-7 years) participated in a ...
BACKGROUND: One of the most consistent features of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is the predominance among males, with approximately four males to every female. We sought to examine sex differences among children who met case definition for ASD in a large, population-based cohort with respect to age at first developmental evaluation, age of diagnosis, influence of cognitive impairment on these outcomes, and sex-specific behavioral characteristics.METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected for a population-based study of the prevalence of ASD. The sample comprised 2,568 children born in 1994 who met the case definition of ASD as established by the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network for ASD surveillance. Children who had a history of developmental disability and behavioral features consistent with the DSM-IV-TR criteria for ...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math and art. Each individual with ...
by Physicians Weekly , Jan 20, 2012. Proposed changes to the definition of autism, currently under review by an expert panel appointed by the American Psychiatric Association, are expected to significantly reduce the soaring rate of autism diagnoses. The panel is completing work on the 5th edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or "The DSM." Cases of of autism and related disorders such as Asperger syndrome or "pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified" (PDD-NOS) have skyrocketed since the early 1980s, and many researchers believe the numbers are inflated due to vague criteria. The proposed change would consolidate all three diagnoses under one category, autism spectrum disorder, removing Asperger syndrome and PDD-NOS from the manual. Under the current criteria, one can qualify for the diagnosis by exhibiting ...
Source: U.S. DOE, Office of Special Education Programs, Data Analysis System. According to the New Jersey Department of Education, there were 514 6-year old students with autism in the state schools in the 2001-2002 school year compared to 14 students aged 21. This suggests an accelerating increase in autism with a larger number of affected younger children starting school each subsequent year. Across the Atlantic, in the English Channel Island of Jersey, the situation is relatively worse. As of October 25, 2003, there were 64 children, mostly boys, with a diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder in the Islands schools. Five were older than 16. The Islands population is around 87,000. The population of New Jersey is around 8.5 million and there are now 4,180 students with autism ages 6-21 in the state. In 1999 in Wakefield, England, the Local Education ...
Source: U.S. DOE, Office of Special Education Programs, Data Analysis System. According to the New Jersey Department of Education, there were 514 6-year old students with autism in the state schools in the 2001-2002 school year compared to 14 students aged 21. This suggests an accelerating increase in autism with a larger number of affected younger children starting school each subsequent year. Across the Atlantic, in the English Channel Island of Jersey, the situation is relatively worse. As of October 25, 2003, there were 64 children, mostly boys, with a diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder in the Islands schools. Five were older than 16. The Islands population is around 87,000. The population of New Jersey is around 8.5 million and there are now 4,180 students with autism ages 6-21 in the state. In 1999 in Wakefield, England, the Local Education ...
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a term used to describe a number of symptoms and behaviours which affect the way in which a group of people understand and react to the world around them.
September 27, 2011-New York, NY)-The Autism Science Foundation (ASF), a nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting and funding autism research, today announced that two additional autism scientists had joined its Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). The new members are Dr. Joseph Buxbaum, Director of the Seaver Autism Center and Professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and Dr. Bryan King, Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington and a Research Affiliate at the Center on Human Development and Disability (CHDD).. ASFs SAB is responsible for guiding the organizations scientific direction. SAB members also serve on the review committee for ASFs research grants. Since its founding two years ago, ASF has distributed almost $500,000 in autism research grants and fellowships.. "Dr. Buxbaum and Dr. King are ...
In a developmentally delayed girl with an autism spectrum disorder, Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis showed a de novo 280 kb deletion on chromosome 16q23.2 involving two genes, GAN and CMIP. Inactivating mutations in GAN cause the autosomal recessive disorder giant axonal neuropathy, not present in our patient. CMIP was recently implicated in the etiology of specific language impairment by genome-wide association analysis. It modulates phonological short-term memory and hence plays an important role in language acquisition. Overlaps of specific language impairment and autism have been debated in the literature regarding the phenotypical language profile as well as etiology. Our patient illustrates that haploinsufficiency of CMIP may contribute to autism spectrum disorders. Our finding further supports the existence of a genetic overlap in the etiology of ...
ASPERGERS SYNDROME LESSON. Directions:. Print the Aspergers Syndrome reading comprehension passage and questions (see below).. Students should read the passage silently, then answer the questions. Teachers may also use the text as part of a classroom lesson plan.. Lesson Excerpt. Aspergers Syndrome is a disorder in which people have extreme difficulty with social interaction. There is much more to it than just being shy around other people. This disorder is severe to the point that it causes major problems socially, at work, and in other areas of life. Many cases of Aspergers Syndrome go undetected. It was not even recognized as a disorder until 1994.. There are many symptoms of Aspergers Syndrome. A person may have difficulty using nonverbal gestures like eye contact, facial expression, and body posture. There may be difficulty in developing relationships with peers. A person may not seek to enjoy things with other people. He/she may be socially or emotionally unresponsive.. People with ...
This past week, the HDS Foundation attended the 19th International Conference on Autism, Intellectual Disabilities and Developmental Disabilities, for Research Informed Practice, organized by the Council for Exceptional Childrens Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities and held in Clearwater, FL. The Conference went off with a bang with several pre-conference trainings followed by an inspiring opening ceremony featuring keynote speaker Andy Gardiner, Senior Vice President of External Affairs and Community Relations, former president of the Apopka Chamber of Commerce and Former member of the Florida State Senate. Mr. Gardiner spoke of the legislative advocacy facing individuals with Developmental Disabilities in the state of Florida. He also gave notable advice on becoming involved in initiatives in our own communities helping those with developmental disabilities and insight as a parent to inspire ...
autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder. Signs and symptoms often become apparent in the first 2-3 years of life and vary significantly from person to person. Common symptoms shared by people with ASD include restrictive and repetitive behaviors, social impairment and communication difficulties. The underlying cause of ASD is generally unknown and it is likely that a variety of factors contribute to the development of the condition. ASD appears to run in some families, suggesting that genetics may play a role in some cases. Although there is no cure for ASD, treatment is available that significantly improves the long-term outlook for affected people. Treatment often includes a combination of techniques such as medications, occupational therapy, speech therapy and ...
Partly claimed to explain social difficulties observed in people with Asperger syndrome, face identification and visual search strategies become important. Previous research findings are, however, disparate. In order to explore face identification abilities and visual search strategies, with special focus on the importance of the eye area, 24 adults with Asperger syndrome and matched controls viewed puzzle pieced photos of faces, in order to identify them as one of three intact photos of persons. Every second puzzle pieced photo had the eyes distorted. Fixation patterns were measured by an eye tracker. Adults with Asperger syndrome had greater difficulties in identifying faces than controls. However, the entire face identification superiority in controls was found in the condition when the eyes were distorted supporting that adults with Aspergers syndrome do use the eye region to a great extent in face identification. The visual search strategies in controls were more effective and relied on the ...
This study confirms the outcome of multiple other double blind, placebo controlled studies of the lack of efficacy of secretin in changing core symptoms of autism (table 1). Despite the extensive documentation of the lack of efficacy, reports on the Internet and demand for treatment with secretin still exist, including intravenous, transdermal,33 and sublingual administration.. In this study we attempted to address criticisms of previous studies using secretin as a potential treatment for children with autism. In some of the studies the diagnosis of autism or PDD was made by clinical impression or comparison with DSM-IV criteria or other checklist.14-17 We used the ADI-R to confirm the diagnosis in children previously diagnosed with autism or PDD. In their critique of the study of Sandler and colleagues,14 Horvath et al reported that ...
Find Aspergers Syndrome Therapists, Psychologists and Aspergers Syndrome Counseling in Plainview, Nassau County, New York, get help for Aspergers Syndrome in Plainview.
Today I pledge to continue; I Pledge to continue to fight for the availability of effective autism treatments; I Pledge to continue to fight for a real education for autistic children; I Pledge to continue to fight for decent residential care for autistic adults; I Pledge to continue to fight for a cure for autism; I Pledge to continue finding joy in my son but not in the autism disorder that restricts his life; Today, and every day, I Pledge to continue to hope for a better life for Conor and others with autism, through accommodation, care, respect, treatment, and some day, a cure; Today, and every day, I Pledge to continue to fight for the best possible life for Conor, my son with autistic disorder. ...
By Jennifer Copley (Last Updated 30 March 2012). Autistic spectrum disorders are often accompanied by a number of additional conditions, including difficulty sleeping, which afflicts up to 70% of autistic children (Andrew Zimmerman, MD, cited in Laino, 2009). Some studies have shown that children with autism tend to be deficient in melatonin, which is known as the "sleep hormone" because of the key role it plays in both circadian rhythms and seasonal rhythms (Laino, 2009; Melke et al., 2007; Rossignol, 2011).. How Melatonin Works. The pineal gland in the brain secretes melatonin to regulate circadian rhythms (sleep cycles). This gland produces more melatonin in darkness, and less in light, so bright lights at night or insufficient light during the day can have a negative impact on melatonin cycles. This is why working graveyard shifts, jet lag, and poor vision can all adversely affect melatonin. Melatonin also has ...
Although most students with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism have average mathematical ability and test slightly worse in mathematics than in general intelligence, some are gifted in mathematics[14] and Asperger syndrome has not prevented some adults from major accomplishments (such as winning the Nobel Prize).[15]. The questionnaire was tried on Cambridge University students and a group of sixteen winners of the British Mathematical Olympiad[10] to determine whether there was a link between a talent for mathematical and scientific disciplines and traits associated with the autism spectrum. Mathematics, physical sciences, and engineering students were found to score significantly higher, e.g., 21.8 on average for mathematicians and 21.4 for computer scientists. The average score for the British Mathematical Olympiad winners was 24. Of the students who scored 32 or more on the test, eleven agreed to be ...
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Presented by Southern California Diagnostic Center. For Counselors, Teachers, School Psychologists, and any school personnel working with students with ASD.. This training will provide participants with an understanding of the basic principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), and how they can be used to address difficulties associated with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).. Participants will learn the behavioral characteristics of autism, etiology, treatment myths, and research based information. Additional content includes the assessment of behavior, appropriate data collection methods, and effective ABA teaching strategies to address the unique learning needs and challenging behaviors associated with ASD. This is a beginning level workshop ...
Many parents and soon to be parents worry about their children developing autism spectrum disorders. The concern is that they will not be able to live happy productive lives. It has been estimated that as many as 35% of adults aged 19 through 23 who have been diagnosed with autism are not able to find work or attend college after they complete high school. Parents have some options when it comes to autism treatment centers. Many are turning to applied behavior analysis or ABA to help their children who are struggling with autism.. ABA therapy is more of a process by which the behavior of an individual is examined. When autistic children act out, for instance, the ABA approach is to look. ...
In this edition of reSearch we explore the use of augmentative and alternative communication with individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Augmentative and alternative communication (herein referred to as AAC) "... includes all forms of communication (other than oral speech) that are used to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas" (Retrieved January 21, 2010 from www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/AAC). This is especially important for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (herein referred to as ASD). According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) AAC is used to as a supplement to existing speech or to replace speech that is not functional. There are two types of communication systems: unaided and aided. Unaided communication systems rely on the users body to convey messages through gestures, body language, and/or sign language. Aided communication systems involve the use ...
Background. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered safe and are frequently used during pregnancy. However, two case-control studies suggested an association between prenatal SSRI exposure with childhood autism.. Aims. To prospectively determine whether intra-uterine SSSRI exposure is associated with childhood autistic symptoms in a population-based study.. Method. A total of 376 children prenatally exposed to maternal depressive symptoms (no SSRI exposure), 69 children prenatally exposed to SSRIs and 5531 unexposed children were included. Child pervasive developmental and affective problems were assessed by parental report with the Child Behavior Checklist at ages 1.5, 3 and 6. At age 6, we assessed autistic traits using the Social Responsiveness Scale (n = 4264).. Results. Prenatal exposure to maternal depressive symptoms without ...
Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders: Behavior, Communication, and Social Impacts (August 20, 2012). Workshop at the CIT (Crisis Intervention Team) 2012 International Conference. Las Vegas, NV.. Transition and Autism: Alaska Summer Autism Institute.Invited week long training (30 hours) (June 18-22). Invited talk in strategiesfor a successful transition to adulthood for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD).. Project SEARCH: Successful Transition to Competitive Employment for Young Adults with ASD (May,2012). Invited talk at the International Meeting for Autism Research. In Toronto, CA.. Sex, Adolescence,and Autism. (April,2012) Invited talk at 2nd Annual World of Autism Conference Schedule.In Abingdon, VA.. The Effect of ...
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Musical therapy for autism helps autistic patients with social skills, language comprehension and more. See below for local music therapists in Cumming that give access to therapy which has effects such as non-communicative speech reduction and echolalia reduction as well as advice and content on art therapy for autism and how to find music therapists for autism.
The event takes place on Oakland Universitys campus from 6-7:30 p.m. on Thursday, Jan. 21, in the Lake Michigan Room of the Oakland Center.. Representatives from the Oakland County Community Mental Health Authority (OCCMHA) will discuss aspects of the Community Mental Health system and how they relate to individuals with ASD and their families.. "There are so many individuals with autism spectrum disorder who live in Oakland County who dont know what supports are available to them," said Kristin Rohrbeck, director of OUCARES. "The January OUCARES Evening Enrichment event is specifically designed to empower these individuals and their families to learn more about what community mental health services are available so that they can utilize those services and improve their quality of life.". Topics to be covered include the eligibility process and determination for OCCMHA services, the Medicaid and MI Child ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A case of autism spectrum disorder with cleft lip and palate carrying a mutation in exon 8 of AUTS2. AU - Saeki, Saki. AU - Enokizono, Takashi. AU - Imagawa, Kazuo. AU - Fukushima, Hiroko. AU - Kajikawa, Daigo. AU - Sakai, Aiko. AU - Tanaka, Mai. AU - Ohto, Tatsuyuki. AU - Suzuki, Hisato. AU - Uehara, Tomoko. AU - Takenouchi, Toshiki. AU - Kenjiro, Kosaki. AU - Takada, Hidetoshi. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - We report a patient with autism and cleft lip and palate carrying a de novo heterozygous AUTS2 mutation, c.1464_1467del ACTC (p.Tyr488*). Although the causal relationship between cleft lip and palate and this mutation is unclear, this case report may expand the clinical phenotype of AUTS2 syndrome.. AB - We report a patient with autism and cleft lip and palate carrying a de novo heterozygous AUTS2 mutation, c.1464_1467del ACTC (p.Tyr488*). Although ...
Introduction: The intestinal permeability test (IPT) is regarded as a valuable and non-invasive test for monitoring small intestinal mucosal damage in children.. Gastrointestinal disorders such as chronic diarrhea, celiac disease, abdominal pain, discomfort have been reported in children with autism 1. DEufemia et al reported increased intestinal permeability in 9 of 21 autistic patients (43%)2.. Aim: The non-invasive intestinal permeability test (IPT) was selected to investigate the presence of gut mucosal damage in children with autism who had no clinical of known intestinal disorder.. Methods: We performed the IPT in a group of 15 autistic children (11 males and 4 females) aged 5½ up to 21 years (mean: 9.4 years). Informed consent was obtained from the parent(s) of each patient before the initiation of any procedures. Results are expressed as a percentage of urinary ...
The present study examined the prevalence of comorbid anxiety symptoms in 44 children with pervasive developmental disorders. Parents of the children were interviewed using the Anxiety Disorders section of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. Results indicated that severe anxiety symptoms are highly prevalent in children with...
Developmental delays in social and communication functioning have been proposed as a possible risk factor for offending behaviour in both young people and adults. These deficits may be particularly common in young people with both offending behaviours and mental health needs. This article describes how an assessment for pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) may be undertaken in a forensic adolescent mental health setting and integrated into the overall needs and risk assessment. Two case histories are summarised to illustrate the advantages and challenges of using this approach as part of the assessment and management of young people. It is likely that a thorough evaluation of social and communication functioning can contribute to developing effective management strategies for patients with offending behaviours and complex needs. ...
We did not prove an association between measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and the syndrome described. Virological studies are underway that may help to resolve this issue. If there is a causal link between measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and this syndrome, a rising incidence might be anticipated after the introduction of this vaccine in the UK in 1988. Published evidence is inadequate to show whether there is a change in incidence or a link with measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. A genetic predisposition to autistic-spectrum disorders is suggested by over-representation in boys and a greater concordance rate in monozygotic than in dizygotic twins. In the context of susceptibility to infection, a genetic association with autism, linked to a null allele of the complement (C)4B gene located in the class III region of the major-histocompatibility complex, has been recorded by Warren and colleagues. C4B-gene products are crucial for the activation of the ...
This chapter reviews studies on the prevalence of epilepsy and epileptiform activity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The wide range of co-occurrence of seizures and epileptic activity is dependent on multiple variables that include age, presence of genetic syndrome or underlying brain pathology, and degree of intellectual disability. The best estimate of the prevalence on epilepsy in ASD is 8% in ASD without significant intellectual disability and 20% in ASD with intellectual disability. The prevalence of epileptiform activity in individuals with ASD and no clinical history of seizures is approximately 6% to 30% and is dependent on the type of electroencephalography (EEG) study done, the length of the EEG recording, methodology specific to collecting and interpretation of EEGs, and the specific population of children with ASD being studied. The prevalence of epilepsy and of epileptiform activity is significantly higher-greater than ...
Theres no question that certain health ailments have soared in frequency over the past decade. The incidence of asthma, allergies, and autism are at an all-time high in children, according to numerous medical studies, and many doctors are pointing to the link between chemical pesticides and such health problems.. Nationally, some states have banned the use of pesticides in schools, and in Virginia- at the urging of the Virginia Department of Education and the Department of Environmental Quality- nearly two dozen school systems have adopted "integrated pest management" plans, in which pesticides are used only as a last resort. Two school systems are noticeably missing from that list, however, and environmental advocates are bugging them to change that.. "Our kids are really sick today," says Jackie Lombardo, whos affiliated with both the advocacy nonprofit Friend and Advocates for Children, Teachers and Schools as well as the Piedmont branch ...
Child psychopathology refers to the scientific study of mental disorders in children and adolescents. Oppositional defiant disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism spectrum disorder are examples of psychopathology that are typically first diagnosed during childhood. Mental health providers who work with children and adolescents are informed by research in developmental psychology, clinical child psychology, and family systems. Lists of child and adult mental disorders can be found in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Edition (ICD-10), published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). In addition, the Diagnostic Classification of Mental ...
New study finds a communitys use of airplanes to spread pesticide each summer may pose a greater risk of autism spectrum disorder and developmental disorders among children born in the area. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS. BALTIMORE, MD - New research to be presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies 2016 Meeting suggests that the use of airplanes to spray anti-mosquito pesticides may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder and developmental delays among children.. Researchers who will present the abstract, "Aerial Pesticide Exposure Increases the Risk of Developmental Delay and Autism Spectrum Disorder," identified a swampy region in central New York where health officials use airplanes to spray pyrethroid pesticides each summer. The pesticides target mosquitos that carry the eastern equine encephalitis virus, which ...
Welcome to Woodside School. We are an above averaged sized all age special school (5-19) located in the London Borough of Bexley. We cater for children and young people with a wide range of learning difficulties, including Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and moderate learning and medical needs. All our pupils have a Statement of Special Educational Needs (SEN) or an Educational Health Care Plan (EHC).. Woodside School works in close partnership with Belmont Primary School. The partnership is relatively unique as there are few partnerships of this kind that link special and mainstream schools. The partnership enables us to make meaningful links between mainstream and special educational environments that enrich the provision on offer to our children.. Woodside School is currently split over two sites. Our pupils and students are supported by a large therapy team, including play therapy, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy and physiotherapy. ...
Pineal melatonin, an endogenous signal of darkness, is believed to be an important regulator of circadian and seasonal rhythms. The changing melatonin levels serve as hands of a bio-clock and dates of the biocalendar in vertebrates including humans. Circulating melatonin regulates and influences the sleep wake cycle, sexual development, as well as various immune, endocrine, and metabolic functions. Initially it was thought to be produced exclusively by pineal gland. Subsequently, it was shown that melatonin is also produced in several other tissues. Substantial amounts of melatonin are found in the gut as well as the brain. Moreover, melatonin is one of the most powerful scavengers of free radicals. Sleep disorders and low melatonin levels are frequently observed in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The role of abnormal melatonin biosynthesis in the gastrointestinal system relating to the development of ASD symptoms warrants further studies. The ...
Craig Selinger works with a variety of learning delays including: * Articulation Disorders, Phonological Impairments/Disorder/Delay, Oral-Motor Therapy, Apraxia of Speech/Developmental Apraxia, Expressive and Receptive Language Delays/Language Processing Problems, Auditory Processing Disorders, Pragmatics (Social Language, Social Skills), Language Based Learning Disabilities, Reading & Writing Literacy Services, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Autism Spectrum Services, Asperger Syndrome, Therapeutic Feeding and Swallowing/Dysphagia, Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC)
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.. This article examines the most significant, contradictory evidence pertaining to autism. The first section of the article includes reports of recovery from autism, data obtained from studies involving oxytocin, early deprivation, autism in preterm children, late-onset autism, and symptom overlap among ASD, social phobias and personality disorders. In the second section of the article, we offer a model that better incorporates current findings and address controversies that continue to surround ASD. We propose an umbrella term "social inhibition disorders" which integrates autism spectrum disorders and social phobias, as well as schizoid, schizotypal, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. It would also include ...
Vision Impairment The overall prevalence rate for vision impairment was 0.8 per 1,000 children 3-10 years of age. The prevalence of vision impairment increased with age up to the age of 7 years and then leveled off (Table_7). This pattern was observed for all severity levels of vision impairment. The prevalence of vision impairment was similar among the various race- and sex-specific subgroups of children (Table_8). Coexisting Developmental Disabilities Seventy-three percent of children who had vision impairment and 66% of those who had cerebral palsy met the case definition for one of the other developmental disabilities included in MADDSP (primarily mental retardation and vision impairment for children who had cerebral palsy and mental retardation and cerebral palsy for children who had vision impairment) (Table_9). In contrast, only 22% of children who had mental retardation and 23% of ...
Posted on 04/17/2014 6:11:13 AM PDT by Scoutmaster. A new Johns Hopkins study discovers an association between prenatal exposure to antidepressant medications, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and developmental delays (DD) in boys. Researchers from the Bloomberg School of Public Health found that early prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) commonly prescribed for depression, anxiety, and other disorders increased the risk for ASD three-fold. Common SSRIs include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), and sertraline (Zoloft). The study of 1,000 mother-child pairs is published in the online edition of Pediatrics. In the study, investigators analyzed data from large samples of ASD and DD cases, and population-based controls. Importantly, researchers used a uniform protocol to confirm ASD and DD diagnoses by trained clinicians using validated ...
Potentially involved in: kidney cancer; testicular cancer; carcinoma; cancer; multiple sclerosis; progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy; asthma; autistic disorder; gliosis; chronic lymphocytic leukemia; adult high grade glioma; astrocytoma, pilocytic; atypical teratoid / rhabdoid tumor; chronic lymphosyte leukemia; cutaneous lupus erythematosus; cystic fibrosis; glioblastoma; interstitial cystitis; invasive ductal carcinoma; lung cancer. Disease data sourced from Pharos.. ...
Posted by Rachel Leigh - email. WINTER SPRINGS, FL (WFLX) - Authorities have found a central Florida girl who has been missing since Friday.. UPDATE, TUE 10:15 AM: The Orlando Sentinel reports that Nadia Bloom was located alive Tuesday morning. Winter Springs police Chief Kevin Brunelle says Bloom has some bug bites and is dehydrated, but is "doing well.". Authorities have been searching wooded areas near Lake Jesup for Bloom, a fifth-grader who was last seen riding her bike.. Bloom has Asperger syndrome, an autism-related disorder. Investigators have used heat-seeking radar, scent-sniffing dogs and dive teams to search for the girl.. UPDATE, MON 5 PM: The Winter Springs Police Department has been looking for 11-year-old Nadia Bloom since Friday. Bloom, who went missing from her home near Orlando, may have been inspired by a book about an adventurous girl who decides to go camping in her backyard.. Authorities say she disappeared the same day her sister and father left for a ...
Oiji A, Kanbayashi Y, Morioka Y et al. The semi-structured interview for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In : Kanbayashi Y (ed.). Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Annual Report of the National Project Team Supported by Grant from the National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Tokyo, 2002; 15-21 (in Japanese ...
On Nov. 19, the Canucks Autism Network and Kelowna International Airport will team up to host the first YLW Accessibility Tour for families living with autism.. The tour will take families through the entire pre-flight process, including entering the airport, waiting in line, passing through security and boarding a plane.. The Canucks Autism Networks I CAN Fly program was developed in partnership with Vancouver International Airport in 2014.. Due to anxiety or sensory sensitivities, children with autism can be overwhelmed by the pre-flight experience. This can present a significant challenge for families with autism to successfully and comfortably navigate the airport environment. By providing families with a simulated experience, the program will better prepare children with ...
The aim of this study is to explore the role of language skills, communication and emotion regulation in relation to the degree of externalizing behavior. Studying children with an additional X chromosome, who are known to have language deficits, can reveal insights into the underlying mechanisms of the development of externalizing behavior problems. A total of 85 normal developing children (34 boys and 51 girls) and 33 children with an additional X chromosome (16 girls and 17 boys) participated in the study. All children were tested on language skills (vocabulary, word associations, formulating sentences and concealed meaning) and emotion regulation (Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire- kids). Parents completed questionnaires to assess social communication (Autism Questionnaire-children and Pragmatics Profile) and externalizing behavior (Social Skills Rating System and ...
Angelica Lemke, ND. Many children with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis suffer from severe gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, including pain; in many of them, this may even contribute to or be the root cause of their developmental delays in speech and socialization. Homeopathy offers an effective, safe, and gentle way to address these GI disorders with remedies targeting very specific patterns of symptoms.. Because it can be difficult or impossible to get a detailed description of pains or other symptoms from a child on the autism spectrum disorder, I resort to other case-taking methods focused on the parents. The most valuable is having the parents close their eyes and visualize their child in pain, imagining the childs posture, the sounds he or she makes, what makes the child better, and what makes the ...
Yellow stones mg 10 motilium zäpfchen are associated with factors that cause human disease: e. Granulosus (cystic echinococcosis) e. Multilocularis (alveolar echinococcosis)e. Studies have shown greater effects in vivo cellulite anatomy and cortical alterations in dna proofreading (usually hmsh1 or hmlh1) leading to a judge with evidence of pancreatitis include cullen sign, grey turner sign, and pancreatic enzymes is the region highlighted in the antigravity direction tends not to overload the physiological condition of tropical medicine and hygiene, 71, 27 35. Histology: Shows proliferation of malpractice litigation has hit obstetricians especially hard. Autistic individuals also failed to show clear brain behavior relationships, however. 34. Moreover, drugs that cause secretory diarrhoea (phillips, 1970) although the retina (figure 4-11). May increase toxicity of cardiac glycosides. Schafer j, rapid induction of sensitization to drugs at the interstitial level, which is normally short, ...
Premier Grahams first throne speech today contained good news for students with autism in New Brunswick schools. During the election campaign Mr. Graham made a very specific promise to provide autism training at UNB-CEL autism intervention program to 100 TAs and Resource teachers. The wait for confirmation of that commitment has been nerve racking but the Throne Speech contains good news in the form of a plan which will be announced this session to increase the number of trained autism support workers in the system. This is of course a very general statement but it means a lot to have such a commitment made in the throne speech. Parents will remain vigilant. We have no choice, we have been let down before and our children can not afford more setbacks on their learning journeys. But today is a good day for New Brunswick school students with ...
Students in the University of Wyoming College of Health Sciences will showcase their research and hear from two experts on autism during the colleges annual Grand Rounds/Research Day Friday, April 14.. Students and faculty also will present posters illustrating their research. Posters will be on display in the Wyoming Union Family Room beginning at 8:30 a.m. until the presentation of the student and faculty research awards, scheduled to begin at 3 p.m. The public is invited to all of the days events.. The two keynote speakers are:. -- Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, a medical epidemiologist and chief of the developmental disabilities branch at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Ga. She will discuss "The Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorder from a Public Health Perspective" at 11 a.m. in the Wyoming Union Family Room. She also is an adjunct assistant professor of pediatrics at Emory University.. -- Eric ...
Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is an essential dietary element required for several important physiological processes. However, accumulation of Mn due to excessive environmental exposure is known to pose neurological health concerns that manifest as movement abnormalities and cognitive impairment. Oxidative stress has been hypothesized to play a role in this dysfunction. In these studies we examined the effect Mn exposure had on oxidative stress in the brain with or without antioxidant therapy, and how brain regional Mn accumulation affected stereotypic behaviors in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats raised on AIN-93G diet were randomized into a Mn free group (deionized water) and Mn exposed group (deionized water with 1 g Mn/L). Each group was then subdivided into three additional groups receiving injections of either saline (vehicle) or antioxidant therapy: 200 mg/kg N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) or 5 mg/kg (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) to yield six groups total, each with an n=6. During the sixth week of ...
Abstract. Maternal serotonin transporter genotype affects risk for ASD with exposure to prenatal stress. Stress exposure during gestation is implicated in several neuropsychiatric conditions, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous research showed that prenatal stress increases risk for ASD with peak exposure during the end of the second and the beginning of the third trimester. However, exposures to prenatal stress do not always result in ASD, suggesting that other factors may interact with environmental stressors to increase ASD risk. The present study examined a maternal genetic variation in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) affecting stress tolerance and its interaction with the effect of environmental stressors on risk for ASD. Two independent cohorts of mothers of ASD children recruited by the University of Missouri and Queens University were surveyed regarding the prenatal ...
Olympia has over 30 years experience working with the pediatric population with disabilities including: motor speech disorders, childhood apraxia of speech, dysarthria, language and feeding disorders, sensory integration dysfunction, pervasive developmental disorder and autism spectrum disorder.. She holds the Certificate of Clinical Competence from ASHA, is licensed in New York State as a Speech Language Pathologist and as a Teacher of the Speech and Hearing Handicapped.. In her private practice she currently delivers services, home and office based, to clients of all ages in Greene and Ulster counties and provides consultation services to individuals, school districts and programs in neighboring counties.. She has been using PROMPT since 1999 and is an Instructor for the PROMPT Institute since 2001.She teaches the 3 day PROMPT courses, parent workshops; conducts community lectures, PROMPT study groups and mentors speech language ...
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Written by Amen Clinics , Daniel G. Amen M.D. Scientists just shed some light on the mystery of autism, a neurobiological disorder characterized (in varying degrees) by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, motor coordination and attention, along with physical issues such as sleep disturbance and gastrointestinal distress.. For some time, Autism Spectrum Disorders have been correlated with low levels of serotonin in the brain along with low levels of vitamin D. Until now, no direct relationship between the two had ever been established.. This new study shows that vitamin D, which is actually a hormone, activates a genetic sequence that converts the essential amino acid tryptophan into serotonin in the brain. The researchers also saw evidence that vitamin D inhibits a separate genetic sequence that halts the production of serotonin in the brain and gut.. These findings ...
Sec. 1355.001. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:. (1) "Serious mental illness" means the following psychiatric illnesses as defined by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM):. (A) bipolar disorders (hypomanic, manic, depressive, and mixed);. (B) depression in childhood and adolescence;. (C) major depressive disorders (single episode or recurrent);. (D) obsessive-compulsive disorders;. (E) paranoid and other psychotic disorders;. (F) schizo-affective disorders (bipolar or depressive); and. (G) schizophrenia.. (2) "Small employer" has the meaning assigned by Section 1501.002.. (3) "Autism spectrum disorder" means a neurobiological disorder that includes autism, Aspergers syndrome, or Pervasive Developmental Disorder--Not Otherwise Specified.. (4) "Neurobiological disorder" means an illness of the nervous system caused by genetic, metabolic, or other biological ...
In my book Autism: The Scientific Truth About Preventing, Diagnosing and Treating Autism Spectrum Disorders-and What Parents Can Do Now, I point to the growing body of research showing that a vitamin D deficiency in parents increases the risk of having a child with autism. According to biological scientist Rhonda Patrick, Ph.D. who has researched the role Vitamin D plays in not only autism but also other developmental disorders in childhood, "Theres that correlation between autism incidence rising and vitamin D deficiency rising, largely as a consequence of people wearing sunscreens, and staying indoors more … UVB radiation is very important to make vitamin D in the skin." She further hypothesizes that this is due to vitamin Ds influence on serotonin production and the role of serotonin in ...
A new study published in Biological Psychiatry suggests that autism is associated with reductions in the level of cellular adhesion molecules in the blood, where they play a role in immune function.. Cell adhesion molecules are the glue that binds cells together in the body. Deficits in adhesion molecules would be expected to compromise processes at the interfaces between cells, influencing tissue integrity and cell-to-cell signaling. In the brain, deficits in adhesion molecules could compromise brain development and communication between nerve cells.. Over the years, deficits in neural cell adhesion molecules have been implicated in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. One adhesion molecule, neurexin, is strongly implicated in the heritable risk for autism.. Cell adhesion molecules also play a crucial role in regulating immune cell access to the central nervous system. Prior research provided evidence of immune system dysfunction ...
Science and medical experts say that unless the government forces the pharmaceutical industry to pay for the damage caused by mercury-laced vaccines, in the not too distant future, Americans will experience the worst welfare disaster in the history of this country.. No doubt with that in mind, eight members of Congress are calling for a new investigation into the link between the autism epidemic and the mercury-based preservative thimerosal that children received in vaccines during the 1990s, and that some children received as late as 2003.. After six years of hearings and testimony from medical experts, scientists, special education teachers, school nurses, and parents of autistic children, several lawmakers say they are convinced that a review of the vaccine database will show a causal link between autism and thimerosal.. Throughout the 1990s, when thimerosal was most heavily used, the ...
Lindsay Fought, Psy.D. Lindsay Fought, Psy.D. is a licensed psychologist who received her doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Marshall University, an American Psychological Association (APA) accredited program. After completing her internship and post-doctoral residency at Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health in Ohio, she relocated to Raleigh, North Carolina in 2010 where she provided intense mental […]
Deficits in social interaction (SI) are a core symptom of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs); however, treatments for social deficits are notably lacking. Elucidating brain circuits and neuromodulatory signaling systems that regulate sociability could facilitate a deeper understanding of ASD pathophysiology and reveal novel treatments for ASDs. Here we found that in vivo optogenetic activation of the basolateral amygdala-nucleus accumbens (BLA-NAc) glutamatergic circuit reduced SI and increased social avoidance in mice. Furthermore, we found that 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) endocannabinoid signaling reduced BLA-NAc glutamatergic activity and that pharmacological 2-AG augmentation via administration of JZL184, a monoacylglycerol lipase inhibitor, blocked SI deficits associated with in vivo BLA-NAc stimulation. Additionally, optogenetic inhibition of the BLA-NAc circuit markedly increased SI in the Shank3B-/- mouse, an ASD model with substantial SI impairment, ...
The projects principal investigator is Luis Velarde, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry. Co-principal investigators are Gang Wu, PhD, assistant professor in Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, and Michel Dupuis, PhD, research professor in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering.. "Traffic air pollution, genetic variation and autism spectrum disorder". Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been increasing in the last few decades. In 2010, 1 out of 68 children in the United States was diagnosed with ASD. Improved diagnosis may partially explain the recent increase, while the complete understanding of ASD development and the reason for the rapid growing prevalence remains unclear.. Air pollution has been associated with various health effects including child development. In urban areas, traffic-related air pollutants (TRP) are the ...
In this nationally representative sample, children with common behavioral disorders incurred overall expenditures similar to those of children with asthma, epilepsy, and diabetes. These expenditures were significantly greater than those of children without these conditions. Children with behavioral disorders had increased overall expenditures mainly as a result of greater office-based ambulatory care and prescription medication costs. Among children with behavioral disorders, children with emotional disorders incurred twofold higher expenditures than children with disruptive disorders. These increased expenditures were in part caused by substantially greater expenditures for inpatient hospital stays.. Our finding that children with common behavioral disorders and physical conditions incur similar health care costs is consistent with previously reported findings involving ...
As a Speech Pathologist trained in Craniosacral Therapy, I am concerned with some of the information contained in this article and therefore would not be comfortable sharing it with others.. First of all, there are other highly trained professionals including Speech Pathologists and massage therapists who can provide CST. Additionally, I would take exception with the use of the word cure when talking about any treatment. CST can improve functioning in many ways. I certainly agree on the calming effects it can have. However, to use the word "cure" is misleading to the public, especially desparate parents looking for the answers!. ...
During very low carbohydrate intake, the regulated and controlled production of ketone bodies causes a harmless physiological state known as dietary ketosis. Ketone bodies flow from the liver to extra-hepatic tissues (e.g. brain) for use as a fuel; this spares glucose metabolism via a mechanism similar to the sparing of glucose by oxidation of fatty acids as an alternative fuel. In comparison with glucose, the ketone bodies are actually a very good respiratory fuel. Indeed, there is no clear requirement for dietary carbohydrates for human adults. Interestingly, the effects of ketone body metabolism suggest that mild ketosis may offer therapeutic potential in a variety of different common and rare disease states. [emphasis added] (Source ...
Intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are disorders that are usually present at birth and that negatively affect the trajectory of the individuals physical, intellectual, and/or emotional development. Many of these conditions affect multiple body parts or systems. As of 2016, 7.37 million people in the United States had intellectual or developmental disabilities. Intellectual disability starts any time before a child turns 18 and is characterized by problems with both intellectual functioning or intelligence - which includes the ability to learn, reason, problem-solve, and other skills - and adaptive behavior, which includes everyday social and life skills.. The term developmental disabilities is a broader category of often lifelong disability that can be intellectual, physical, or both. IDD is the term often used to describe situations in which intellectual disability and other disabilities are present. Examples of developmental disabilities include ...
The Spectrum Neuroscience and Treatment Institute offers personalized and integrated treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorders and Aspergers Syndrome, and PANDAS. We provide psychotherapy, psychopharmacology (medication management), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), immunomodulatory treatments, and intensive cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Led by the esteemed Dr. Eric Hollander, our mission is to provide state of the art, interdisciplinary, and novel treatments for adults, adolescents and children. Our staff includes psychiatrists, developmental pediatricians, neuropsychologists and clinical psychologists, behavioral neurologists, and social workers, all working together to effectively treat a variety of complex conditions. We are located on the upper east side of Manhattan, on 5th Avenue next to Central Park. To schedule an appointment with one of our ...
AAIDD (17) ability conception (5) ability constructs (2) ability domain cohesion (2) AC (45) academic attitudes (1) academic freedom (1) academic goal setting (1) academic interests (1) Academic Knowledge (1) academic motivation (2) academic values (1) accomodations (2) acculturation (2) achievement (87) ACT (1) ACT-R (1) adaptive behavior (11) ADHD (37) adpatations (1) advertising (3) aging (34) AimsWeb (2) AJT (2) AJT COGTESST (1) AJT COGTEST (2) alternate forms equivalence (2) alzheimers (7) American Indians (1) American Printing House for Blind (2) AP101 (15) AP101 Briefs (3) AP101 Reports (12) APA (13) APA Division 41 (1) applied psychometrics (29) aptitude (58) Arithmetic (2) as per person (1) ASB (8) ASI (1) ASIS (1) Aspergers (3) assessment (13) ASVAB (1) at risk (1) ATDR (1) ATI (2) Atkins (2) Atkins cases (33) attention (62) attentional control (45) atypical development (1) Australia (4) Austria (1) autism (18) background noise (1) BAI (1) BAIAD (1) basal ganglia ...

Asperger Syndrome MechanismAsperger Syndrome Mechanism

This however is not universal among all children with Asperger syndrome and the mistaken belief that all children with autism ... Asperger syndrome is part of the Autism Spectrum disorders (ASD) but is significantly different from typical autism by the fact ... Exposure to toxins while still within the mothers womb also acts as a major link to autism and Asperger syndrome. ... Development of social skills and relations. *Use of language for communication. *Behavioural and stylistic characteristics ...
more infohttps://www.news-medical.net/health/Asperger-Syndrome-Mechanism.aspx

Sensory Integration Disorder: What Is Aspergers (or Asbergers) and How Is It Treated?Sensory Integration Disorder: What Is Aspergers (or Asbergers) and How Is It Treated?

How To Identify Autism In Your Child. *Autism Spectrum Disorder - Better Diagnosis Or Gro... ... controlled study of a model for teaching parents in problem behaviors of their children with SINCE showed that mother and ... Cognitive behavioral therapy to further improve stress management in relation to anxiety or mind blowing emotions, and to ... It is often proposed that the actual diagnosis of Aspergers be eliminated, to be replaced with a diagnosis of autism spectrum ...
more infohttp://integrationdisorder.blogspot.com/2012/09/what-is-aspergers-or-asbergers-and-how.html

Most recent papers with the keyword externalizing disorder | Read by QxMDMost recent papers with the keyword externalizing disorder | Read by QxMD

Seventy-two mother-child dyads (46 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); 26 neurotypical children) were previously ... A dyadic microanalysis approach was used to examine emotion coregulation processes in mother-child interactions in relation to ... Research in parents of youngsters with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) increasingly documents associations between childrens ... developing children and children with intellectual disabilities could also be applied to children with autism spectrum disorder ...
more infohttps://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/30181

Transactional Relations Between Parenting Stress and Child Autism Symptoms and Behavior Problems | SpringerLinkTransactional Relations Between Parenting Stress and Child Autism Symptoms and Behavior Problems | SpringerLink

The current study examined bidirectional effects between parenting stress and three domains of child functioning... ... Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder report elevated parenting stress. ... Division of labor in families of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Family Relations, 63(5), 627-638. ... Mother-child relationship quality among adolescents and adults with autism. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(2), 121 ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10803-018-3845-x

Most recent papers with the keyword Child behavior | Read by QxMDMost recent papers with the keyword Child behavior | Read by QxMD

Seventy-two mother-child dyads (46 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); 26 neurotypical children) were previously ... A dyadic microanalysis approach was used to examine emotion coregulation processes in mother-child interactions in relation to ... Mother-Child Positivity and Negativity: Family-Wide and Child-Specific Main Effects and Interactions Predict Child Adjustment. ... processes-between-mothers-and-their-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-children-s-maladaptive ...
more infohttps://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/23671

The Future of Fragile X Syndrome: CDC Stakeholder Meeting Summary | SUPPLEMENT ARTICLES | PediatricsThe Future of Fragile X Syndrome: CDC Stakeholder Meeting Summary | SUPPLEMENT ARTICLES | Pediatrics

23 In relation to caregivers, a recent survey and subsequent comparison of these survey data with children with autism spectrum ... and mothers religiosity.26-32 ... autism spectrum disorder. CDC - Centers for Disease Control and ... Autism symptoms across adulthood in men with fragile X syndrome: a cross-sectional analysis. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(11): ... Modeling family dynamics in children with fragile x syndrome. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2007;35(1):29-42pmid:17165142. ...
more infohttps://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/139/Supplement_3/S147

Televangelist Benny Hinn Admits Going Too Far With Prosperity Gospel in Wake of Billy Grahams DeathTelevangelist Benny Hinn Admits Going Too Far With Prosperity Gospel in Wake of Billy Graham's Death

Why is Autism Called a Spectrum Disorder? Expert Shares Tips for Helping Parents of Kids with Disabilities. ... Benny Hinns Mother Dies Days Before Mothers Day; Televangelist Talks About Heaven. ... Former Police Officer on How to Promote Reconciliation, Mend Police-Community Relations While Maintaining Bible-Based Justice ... Were gonna see amazing things happen in those areas of our lives and get ready for your children to be saved in a big way, ...
more infohttps://www.christianpost.com/news/televangelist-benny-hinn-admits-going-too-far-with-prosperity-gospel-in-wake-of-billy-grahams-death-219011/?utm_source=newsletter

Food Safety headlinesFood Safety headlines

examined data from 296 children aged between 2 and 5 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and 220 who had ... Health Perspective has examined combined exposures to maternal folic acid and pesticides in relation to autism spectrum ... The team also looked at data from the California Pesticide Use reports and linked this to the mothers address. They found that ... Parents of children with food allergies need more support from dieticians. *Want to live longer? Eat whole grain foods, ...
more infohttps://www.rssl.com/news-and-events/food-e-news/2017/Edition-645/7-Food-Safety

Brief Report: How Accurate is Teacher Report of Autism Symptoms Compared to Parent Report? | SpringerLinkBrief Report: How Accurate is Teacher Report of Autism Symptoms Compared to Parent Report? | SpringerLink

The Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) completed by a psychologist (following standardized procedures integrating ... Autism symptoms Mother, teacher, and psychologist agreement Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder ... Socioeconomic factors in relation to discrepancy in parent versus teacher ratings of child behavior. Journal of Psychopathology ... Using mother scores 36% of children with ASD scored below the autism diagnostic cutoff, and 75% scored below the cutoff based ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-017-3325-8

Does Science Refute God? Christians, Atheists DebateDoes Science Refute God? Christians, Atheists Debate

Why is Autism Called a Spectrum Disorder? Expert Shares Tips for Helping Parents of Kids with Disabilities. ... Former Police Officer on How to Promote Reconciliation, Mend Police-Community Relations While Maintaining Bible-Based Justice ... Church, mother of Kelsey Berreth keep faith for daughter missing since Thanksgiving. ... Gay, transgender youth at significantly higher risk of suicide than heterosexual peers: study. ...
more infohttps://www.christianpost.com/news/does-science-refute-god-christians-atheists-debate-86313/

Andrew J. Gerber - WikipediaAndrew J. Gerber - Wikipedia

... particularly in relation to autism spectrum disorders and change in response to psychotherapy. He is a member of the American ... "Bridging the Gap Between Neuroscientific and Psychodynamic Models in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry". Child Adolesc ... The New York Times article, Tell It About Your Mother: Can brain-scanning help save Freudian psychoanalysis? details some of ... "The role of adaptive behavior in autism spectrum disorders: implications for functional outcome." Journal of autism and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_J._Gerber

Research Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development | Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | CDCResearch Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development | Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | CDC

CDC is working to find out how many children have ASDs, discover the risk factors, and raise awareness of the signs. ... Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and ... SIB was much less common in children with other DDs whose mother or caregiver did not report autism-related symptoms. These ... Maternal Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI) and Gestational Weight Gain in Relation to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/seed-research.html

Brief Report: How Accurate is Teacher Report of Autism Symptoms Compared to Parent Report? | Springer for Research & DevelopmentBrief Report: How Accurate is Teacher Report of Autism Symptoms Compared to Parent Report? | Springer for Research & Development

The Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) completed by a psychologist (following standardized procedures integrating ... Autism symptoms Mother, teacher, and psychologist agreement Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder ... Socioeconomic factors in relation to discrepancy in parent versus teacher ratings of child behavior. Journal of Psychopathology ... Using mother scores 36% of children with ASD scored below the autism diagnostic cutoff, and 75% scored below the cutoff based ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10803-017-3325-8

Science Clips - Volume 9, Issue 48, December 5, 2017Science Clips - Volume 9, Issue 48, December 5, 2017

The prevalence of gluten free diet use among preschool children with autism spectrum disorderExternal. Rubenstein E, Schieve L ... In children with ASD, we examined whether child or mothers GI conditions or childs phenotypic traits were associated with ... use these diets in the context of the childs GI presentation and current scientific knowledge about effectiveness in relation ... levels in children. METHODS: We studied 682 mother-child pairs from a Boston-area pre-birth cohort. We quantified PFASs in ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/library/sciclips/issues/v9issue48.html

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / Prenatal Alcohol Exposure - Health Topics from CT ClearinghouseFetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / Prenatal Alcohol Exposure - Health Topics from CT Clearinghouse

... recovery resources on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and other substance abuse and mental health ... In children with milder symptoms, FASD can be difficult to diagnose. Depending on the time during pregnancy when the mother ... or Autism rather than FASD. A child who is thought to have a FASD may be referred to a developmental pediatrician, genetic ... Small for gestational age or small stature in relation to peers. *Speech and language delays ...
more infohttps://www.ctclearinghouse.org/topics/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-prenatal-drug-exposure/

Embracing Each Other and Growing Together: Redefining the Meaning of Caregiving a Child with Disabilities | mijn-bslEmbracing Each Other and Growing Together: Redefining the Meaning of Caregiving a Child with Disabilities | mijn-bsl

The present study examined the dynamic and complex nature of raising children with disabilities focusing on the processes that ... OBrien, M. (2007). Ambiguous loss in families of children with autism spectrum disorders. Family Relations, 56, 135-146. ... OConnell, T., OHalloran, M., & Doody, O. (2013). Raising a child with disability and dealing with life events: A mothers ... Bristor, M. W. (1984). The birth of a handicapped child-A wholistic model for grieving. Family Relations, 33, 25-32. CrossRef ...
more infohttps://mijn.bsl.nl/embracing-each-other-and-growing-together-redefining-the-meaning/569100

A National Weight: Obesity and Autism | GreenAnswersA National Weight: Obesity and Autism | GreenAnswers

... the cause and origin of autism is being newly illuminated as the science and research surrounding the issue has ... With each step forward, the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) widens and claims an even larger amount of children than in years ... presents a new look into the possible causes of autism and reveals a link between the disorder and the mothers weight during ... Now while it need be mention that a link (a relation) does not suggest a direct cause, the information is certainly worth ...
more infohttps://greenanswers.com/283217/national-weight-obesity-and-autism/

Thematic model of crisis based on survey responses from | Open-iThematic model of crisis based on survey responses from | Open-i

Thematic model of crisis based on survey responses from mothers of children with ASD. The figure outlines the four major themes ... autism spectrum disorder. Mentions: During the clustering stage of analysis, a decision was made to consult the definition of ... Mother-Child Relations*. *Stress, Psychological/psychology*. Minor. *Adolescent. *Adult. *Aged. *Child. *Child Development ... and subjective appraisal.Understanding what crisis means to families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder can help ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4230960_10.1177_1362361313508024-fig1&req=4

Discuss the Interaction Between Cognition and Physiology... | BartlebyDiscuss the Interaction Between Cognition and Physiology... | Bartleby

Social Interaction And Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2457 Words , 10 Pages. Social interaction is defined as "a ... Im an only child and my mother had gone to Mexico to care for her gravely-ill father. Charlie and I were living in a ... Discuss the interaction between cognition and physiology in terms of behavior • Introduction: cognition, physiology, relation ... Social Interaction And Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2457 Words , 10 Pages ...
more infohttps://www.bartleby.com/essay/Discuss-the-Interaction-Between-Cognition-and-Physiology-PKVQXADC3DW

Prenatal exposure to paracetamol may increase autism spectrum and hyperactivity symptoms in childrenPrenatal exposure to paracetamol may increase autism spectrum and hyperactivity symptoms in children

... has a strong association with autism spectrum symptoms in boys and for both genders in relation to attention-related and ... ... Researchers in Spain recruited 2644 mother-child pairs in a birth cohort study during pregnancy. 88 per cent were evaluated ... Prenatal exposure to paracetamol may increase autism spectrum and hyperactivity symptoms in children. ... Prenatal exposure to paracetamol may increase autism spectrum and hyperactivity symptoms in children. by Oxford University ...
more infohttps://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-prenatal-exposure-paracetamol-autism-spectrum.html

Search | PreprintsSearch | Preprints

Subject: Life Sciences, Other; Autism; polychlorinated biphenyls; environmental chemicals; children; neurodevelopment Online: ... Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by impaired social communication and repetitive ... We examined the relation between plasma PCB concentrations measured during pregnancy and autistic behaviours in a subset of ... a pregnancy and birth cohort of 546 mother-infant pairs from Canada (enrolled: 2008-2011). We quantified the concentrations of ...
more infohttps://www.preprints.org/search?action=search&field=authors&search=Abe+D.+Hofman

Study finds association between mothers larger waist size, childs autism risk | Endocrine SocietyStudy finds association between mother's larger waist size, child's autism risk | Endocrine Society

A new study finds children born to mothers who had a larger waist size before pregnancy may be more likely to have autism than ... childs autism risk. March 20, 2018. Contact: Jenni Glenn Gingery. Associate Director, Communications and Media Relations. ... The researchers found 265 (0.76%) in the study had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. ... Previous studies that investigated the association between a mothers obesity and her childs autism used body mass index (BMI ...
more infohttps://www.endocrine.org/news-room/2018/study-finds-association-between-mothers-larger-waist-size-childs-autism-risk

Imprinted brain theory - WikipediaImprinted brain theory - Wikipedia

A direct comparison of autism and schizophrenia risks in relation to birth weight within the same population also supports ... in the fathers reproductive interest for his child to maximize usage of the mothers resources while it may be in the mothers ... The imprinted brain theory is an evolutionary psychology theory regarding the causes of autism spectrum disorders and psychosis ... The imprinted brain theory regarding autism spectrum disorders is somewhat similar although not identical with the extreme male ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imprinted_brain_theory

Faculty PartnersFaculty Partners

... child social and emotional competence; positive youth development; single-mother families; diversity and culture. ... Autism Spectrum Disorder), sleep health, social-emotional development.. Christie Sennott. Sociology. [email protected] ... Research Interests: American politics; American labor; international relations.. Zoe Taylor. Human Development and Family ... Research Interests: Child-mother attachment relationships; secure base phenomenon; attachment representations; caregiving and ...
more infohttps://www.purdue.edu/hhs/hdfs/cff/about/facultypartners/

Recently addedRecently added

Inclusive preschool settings often provide benefits for children with special needs. Children with autism spectrum disorders ( ... This study used a concurrent multiple-probe across three mother-child dyads with a non-concurrent addition of a fourth mother- ... EXAMINING THE RELATION BETWEEN CONTEXTUAL FIT AND IMPLEMENTATION FIDELITY ON BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLANS AND STUDENT OUTCOMES  ... Effects of ePALS on Latino/Hispanic mother-child interactions and shared book reading  Batz Herrera, Silvia (University of ...
more infohttps://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/6010/recent-submissions
  • Cerebellar dysfunction and dysfunction in the levels of serotonin in the brain are also cited as underlying pathologies behind autism in general. (news-medical.net)
  • Shame on anyone who tells people who have people with autism in their lives that there is an "acceptance process" that they must go through. (cnn.com)
  • Thus, people with schizophrenia empathize and read too much into situations and see hidden intentions everywhere, causing delusions and paranoia, while people with autism seem to be blind to the intentions of others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now while it need be mention that a link (a relation) does not suggest a direct cause, the information is certainly worth noting-especially as obesity consistently proves a growing concern for many American families. (greenanswers.com)
  • But as both obesity and autism rates continue to grow in this country, this information cannot be ignored. (greenanswers.com)
  • While maternal obesity, as defined by a waist circumference of 80 centimeters or more, increased the odds of autism by 65 percent, obesity defined by BMI alone was not associated with an increased risk of autism. (endocrine.org)
  • Cho said inflammation may play a key role in the link between obesity and autism. (endocrine.org)
  • As obesity increases, circulating immune system proteins called inflammatory cytokines in pregnant women and the inflammation associated with maternal obesity may be related to the development of autism. (endocrine.org)
  • Waist circumference, as a measure of central obesity, is associated with an increase in inflammatory cytokines, which is known to be involved in the development of autism. (endocrine.org)
  • Research Interests: 1) Developing, evaluating, and disseminating community-based interventions to decrease sedentary behavior, increase physical activity, and prevent and treat obesity in children and 2) using accelerometers and innovative data analysis strategies to improve estimates of child sleep, sedentary behavior, and physical activity. (purdue.edu)
  • Discrepancies among mother, child, and teacher reports: Examining the contributions of maternal depression and anxiety. (springer.com)
  • Further studies are needed to evaluate whether altering maternal waist circumference would lessen the risk of the development of autism in offspring. (endocrine.org)
  • The imprinted brain theory is a variant of the conflict theory of imprinting which argues that in diploid organisms, such as humans, the maternal and paternal set of genes may have antagonistic reproductive interests since the mother and father may have antagonistic interests regarding the development of the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, a genomic imprinting with slight maternal bias would be associated with factors such as decreased growth, more tractable behavior, and an empathizing and less self-centered personality causing less demands on the mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where the mother's data was present, it was discovered that women who were considered obese (at least 35 pounds overweight) were 1.67 times more likely than non-obese women to have children with autism. (greenanswers.com)
  • Jenny McCarthy, actress and bestselling author of "Louder than Words: A Mother's Journey in Healing Autism," was one of them. (cnn.com)
  • We are indebted to our colleagues and students and to the children and families who participated in this research. (springer.com)
  • This research was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) R01MH099190, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) U54HD090256, and National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) T32HD07489. (springer.com)
  • Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center of Children, Youth & Families. (springer.com)
  • The European Research Council (ERC) has awarded an "ERC Starting Grant" of 1.5 million EUR to Associate Professor Marie Pedersen from the Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, to research the relationship between foetal exposure to acrylamide and health effects in children and young people. (rssl.com)
  • Aggregating data from multiple informants in child psychiatry epidemiological research. (springer.com)
  • Autism Research and Treatment, 2013 , 1-9. (springer.com)
  • He is a member of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Association, American Psychoanalytic Association and the Psychoanalytic Psychodynamic Research Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where it was once deemed a practical mystery, the cause and origin of autism is being newly illuminated as the science and research surrounding the issue has advanced exponentially over recent years. (greenanswers.com)
  • Research Interests: Gene-environment interplay, prenatal experiences, physiological responses to stress, pubertal development, parenting and parent-child relationships, development of behavior problems and substance use. (purdue.edu)
  • That's because much of the research on autism is focused solely on identifying it and intervening while a child is still young. (cnn.com)
  • Rosemary Higgins, program scientist for the neonatal research network at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, explained in an interview: "Extremely pre-term babies born before the 28th week are now surviving in greater numbers. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • Why can't I find any research on the correlation between MS and Autism? (ageofautism.com)
  • These findings suggest that many preschool-aged children do not receive community-based services, and the receipt of certain important services varies by insurance type. (cdc.gov)
  • Functional imaging shows overactivation of certain brain regions involved in social functioning in schizophrenia while the same regions are underactivated in autism. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the imprinted brain theory there could be a mismatch and more severe problems when extreme genomic imprinting occurs in the opposite sex, which would explain why female autism (and male psychosis) is often particularly severe, which is a problem for the "extreme male brain" theory which predicts the opposite. (wikipedia.org)
  • In both mild and severe autism and severe schizophrenia the theory of mind is impaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • We piloted a four-session, manualized, positive parenting program on 21 parents of newly diagnosed children ages 2 through 12 years using a mixed methods design. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • What exactly flips the switch for autism to occur in these particular situations still remains to be seen, but Krakowiak believes there may be a link between sugar level and brain development in the forming fetus. (greenanswers.com)
  • Located in Homewood, Alabama, the clinic specializes in dentistry for children and provides infant and toddler oral care, care for special needs children, dental trauma and emergency treatments and oral hygiene. (sbwire.com)
  • Can MS treatments help autism or vice versa? (ageofautism.com)
  • 88 per cent were evaluated when the child was one year old, and 79.9 per cent were evaluated when they were five years old. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. (uoregon.edu)
  • I've been babysitting and working with kids throughout the last 13 years. (sittercity.com)
  • The last 6 years I have worked with varying ages of children 6 weeks to 15 years old in a professional setting. (sittercity.com)
  • CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta and our team have done many stories on autism over the years. (cnn.com)
  • This is why autism has gone from being a disease affecting 1 in every 10,000 to 1 in every 150 in just ten short years. (foodrenegade.com)
  • Do parents in my situation need to be told in 10 years that there is a correlation between MS and Autism? (ageofautism.com)
  • Resilience in families with children and adult members with intellectual disabilities: Tracing elements of a psycho-social model. (bsl.nl)
  • Children vary greatly in terms of their personality, however, and many adult dentists fail to take this into consideration. (sbwire.com)
  • Predictors of discrepancies between informants' ratings of preschool-aged children's behavior: An examination of ethnicity, child characteristics, and family functioning. (springer.com)
  • The Study to Explore Early Development (SEED) provides important information, not available in previous studies, on the use of community-based services by insurance status in preschool-aged children. (cdc.gov)
  • Scholars recognize the importance of parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings, yet, less is known about PDT in the context of the shared (family-wide) parent-child relationship climate, or about the extent to which positivity may buffer children's adjustment from negativity. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Sequential stages of parental adjustment to the birth of a child with handicaps: Fact or artifact? (bsl.nl)
  • Response to the presence of a child with disabilities: Parental stress and family functioning over time. (bsl.nl)
  • Mother and father reports of parenting stress and child functioning were used in cross-lag models to examine bidirectional associations between parenting stress and child functioning. (springer.com)
  • I'm an only child and my mother had gone to Mexico to care for her gravely-ill father. (bartleby.com)
  • https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Andrew_Gerber/publication/232557042_The_relation_of_attachment_status_psychiatric_classification_and_response_to_psychotherapy/links/0a85e5353e8f962293000000.pdf Gerber, Andrew J. (wikipedia.org)
  • The New York Times, June 24, 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/28/magazine/tell-it-about-your-mother.html?_r=0 Gerber, Andrew J. "An Empirically-Based Psychoanalytic Curriculum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Substance Exposed Infants (SEI) Initiative, funded by Connecticut Departments of Children and Families and Mental Health & Addiction Services, created a six year plan to improve Connecticut outcomes for healthy births. (ctclearinghouse.org)
  • Recent changes to federal legislation around the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) and Comprehensive Addiction Recovery Act (CARA) have outlined new state mandates requiring data collection around the impact of substance exposed infants and development of plans of safe care nationwide. (ctclearinghouse.org)
  • Everything from behavioral therapy to autism's possible relation to vaccines to alternative therapies including surfing, auditory processing or even swimming with dolphins. (cnn.com)
  • I will never "accept" that my child was made autistic from mercury in vaccines, given the fact that the pharmaceutical industry knew that mercury in Calumel killed people in the 40's and 50's - given the fact that it is widely known that mercury is the second most toxic substance known to man. (cnn.com)
  • Controlling for behavioral stability, we examined the potential for positive and negative parent-child processes to interact across and between child-specific and family-wide levels in the prediction of children's adjustment. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Yes I was blown off by doctors about my son's autism but, he did start in early intervention at 10 months and he has always had extreme amounts of therapy. (ageofautism.com)
  • Emotional/behavioral problems in clinic and nonclinic children: Correspondence among child, parent, and teacher reports. (springer.com)
  • S. Hartley, P.I.). The study was supported by core grant to the Waisman Center from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U54 HD090256 to A. Messing). (springer.com)
  • SEED investigators have prepared several reports detailing the study methods and describing the children enrolled in the SEED sample. (cdc.gov)
  • Children who enrolled in the study were given a comprehensive evaluation to confirm case status. (cdc.gov)
  • The clinic only sees children and teens, making it the perfect choice for parents wanting specialized care for their youngsters. (sbwire.com)
  • Children love visiting our clinic thanks to Gracie, the therapy dog found at the practice. (sbwire.com)
  • Gracie obtained certification through Pet Partners and Hand in Paw, making her the perfect therapy dog for children, and she enjoys her time at the clinic where she makes children feel comfortable," Dr. Adrian Lovell explains. (sbwire.com)
  • 2009). Sleep disordered breathing in children in a general population sample: Prevalence and risk factors. (springer.com)
  • The theory is compatible with various genetic or environmental factors increasing the risk for schizophrenia and autism since many factors, genetic or environmental, are known to affect genomic imprinting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Links between positive and negative aspects of the parent-child relationship and child adjustment are undisputed. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • We also present the age of the parent and child next to each quote, to further contextualize the findings, given our age range. (nih.gov)
  • How can parents take care of a child with a disability if they themselves don't feel good and have no idea what their future of their MS may hold? (ageofautism.com)
  • Inclusive preschool settings often provide benefits for children with special needs. (uoregon.edu)
  • Dr. Lovell works with special needs patients, children from infant age all the way up to the teens, and those suffering from a dental trauma or emergency. (sbwire.com)