Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A characteristic symptom complex.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
Sexual activities of humans.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The physical measurements of a body.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
A tumor suppressor gene (GENES, TUMOR SUPPRESSOR) located on human CHROMOSOME 17 at locus 17q21. Mutations of this gene are associated with the formation of HEREDITARY BREAST AND OVARIAN CANCER SYNDROME. It encodes a large nuclear protein that is a component of DNA repair pathways.
Female parents, human or animal.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Any detectable and heritable alteration in the lineage of germ cells. Mutations in these cells (i.e., "generative" cells ancestral to the gametes) are transmitted to progeny while those in somatic cells are not.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Abdominal Loin pain hematuria syndrome. Proctitis-infection or inflammation of the anus or rectum. Colitis-infection or ... The diagnostic workup begins with a careful history and examination, followed by a pregnancy test. Some Fillipine or Vietnum ... As girls enter puberty, pelvic or abdominal pain becomes a frequent complaint. Chronic pelvic pain is a common condition with ...
Abdominal tubercles are present anterolaterally.[clarification needed] Araneus was, for much of its history, called Epeira. The ... American Museum of Natural History. Image of variations in A. trifolium (from Spider myths) Pictures of US Araneus species ( ...
He wrote, "it is inexcusable and criminal to neglect to operate upon a case of gunshot wound in the abdominal cavity." ... George Emory Goodfellow" (PDF). Come Face to Face With History. Cochise County. pp. 8-9. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... His pioneering work in the treatment of abdominal wounds, specifically those caused by gunshots, as well as his recognition of ... Rutkow, Ira M. (1992). The History of Surgery in the United States: 1775-1900 (First ed.). San Francisco: Jeremy Norman Co. ...
The abdominal tufts are pink. "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Retrieved 2011-10-25. CS1 ... Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum. 26 (3): 1-173 - via Biodiversity Heritage Library. v t ...
Natural History Museum, London. Savela, Markku. "Phyllodes Boisduval, 1832". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved ... Larva with four abdominal pairs. Phyllodes consobrina Westwood, 1848 Phyllodes conspicillator Cramer, [1777] Phyllodes ...
... a positive family history; palpation of enlarged kidneys on physical exam; an incidental finding on abdominal sonogram; or an ... Signs and symptoms include high blood pressure, headaches, abdominal pain, blood in the urine, and excessive urination. Other ... Definitive diagnosis is made by abdominal CT exam. Complications include hypertension due to the activation of the renin- ...
Ultrasound is performed across the abdominal wall or through the abdominal cavity In normal state, each body tissue type, such ... This was the start of the most popular design in the history of ultrasound scanners. Obstetric ultrasound has played a ... The abdominal circumference of the fetus may also be measured. This gives an estimate of the weight and size of the fetus and ... Ian Donald's paper in the Lancet in 1958 by Joseph Woo[self-published source?] "History of Sonography in Australia". Retrieved ...
Abdominal and endoanal ultrasound are frequently used in gastroenterology and colorectal surgery. In abdominal sonography, the ... "History of the AIUM". Archived from the original on November 3, 2005. Retrieved November 15, 2005. "The History of Ultrasound: ... This was the start of the most popular design in the history of ultrasound scanners. In the late 1960s Dr Gene Strandness and ... History of Modern Biomedicine Research Group. 2000. ISBN 978-1-84129-011-9. Donald, Ian; MacVicar, J; Brown, T.G (1958). " ...
Larva with two pairs of abdominal prolegs. Tinolius eburneigutta Tinolius hypsana Tinolius quadrimaculatus Tinolius sundensis ... Natural History Museum, London. v t e. ...
The History of Modern Biomedicine Research Group. Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine: Wellcome Trust. 10 March 1998 ... Donald, Ian; Macvicar, J; Brown, T.G (June 1958). "INVESTIGATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSES BY PULSED ULTRASOUND". The Lancet. 271 ( ... doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(58)91905-6. "Looking at the Unborn: Historical Aspects of Obstetric Ultrasound" (PDF). The History of ... London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. p. 5. Retrieved 27 August 2019. "Ian Donald Award for Technical Merit ...
Steichen and Wolsch, History of Mechanical Sutures in Surgery, p. 174. Ravitch, Mark M. and Félicien M. Steichen, Guest Eds. ... In 2001, he co-edited, and translated a large portion of, Minimally-Invasive Abdominal Surgery, a surgical textbook and atlas ... p. 5. Steichen, F. M. and Ruth A. Wolsch, History of Mechanical Sutures in Surgery, p. 174. Steichen, F.M. The Use of Staplers ... Steichen, F. M. and Ruth A. Wolsch, History of Mechanical Sutures in Surgery, p. 175. Steichen, F.M. The Use of Staplers in ...
The diagnosis of abdominal migraine is controversial. Some evidence indicates that recurrent episodes of abdominal pain in the ... They often occur in those with either a personal or family history of typical migraine. Other syndromes that are believed to be ... abdominal migraine (abdominal pain, usually accompanied by nausea), and benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (occasional ... Science History Institute. 15 January 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2020. Cox M, Mays S (2002). Human osteology : in archaeology ...
"Definition and History , The Arvigo Techniques of Maya Abdominal Therapy". Retrieved 2017-02-22. "Prenatal ... Other types of abdominal massages have been used to treat other problems in the body. The Mayan People, for example, are used ...
cite Morris, Donald R. (1998). The Washing of the Spears: A History of the Rise of the Zulu Nation Under Shaka and Its Fall in ... Lower abdominal tenderness may also be present. Cultures of stool samples are examined to identify the organism causing ... "BBC - History - Sir Francis Drake". Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018. ... A diagnosis may be made by taking a history and doing a brief examination. Dysentery should not be confused with hematochezia, ...
Abdominal pattern is lacking or very inconspicuous. Adult male carapace, chelicerae and legs are brown and covered by pinkish ... Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved June 6, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Bertani, R. (2012). "Revision, ...
The type specimen of this species is held at the Natural History Museum, London. Butler described the species as follows: ... abdominal area speckled with blackish ; a subbasal transverse blackline ; outer border dentated, black ; fringe alternately ...
In some cases, the abdominal migraine is a symptom linked to cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). There may be a history of ... Attacks of abdominal pain lasting 1-72 hours (untreated or unsuccessfully treated) C. Abdominal pain has all of the following ... National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse What is abdominal migraine? Find the definition for abdominal migraine at ... Treating an abdominal migraine can often be difficult; medications used to treat other forms of migraines are usually employed ...
"Renal Medicine: History Of". Archived from the original on 2018-05-12. Retrieved 2019-01-13. Starzl, Thomas ... In the same year, he resected an abdominal aortic aneurysm and replaced it with a cadaveric graft that had been preserved by ... Dubost, C; Allary, M; Oeconomos, N (1952). "Resection of an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: reestablishment of the continuity ... Charles Dubost (October 1914 - 1991) was a French surgeon who performed the first abdominal aortic aneurysm resection with a ...
For low fistulae, a vaginal approach is best, while an abdominal repair would be necessary for a high fistula at the posterior ... A gloved finger or thermometer cannot be inserted into the infants rectum • No history of passage of meconium • Presence of ...
Goodfellow once traveled to Bisbee, 30 miles (48 km) from Tombstone, to treat an abdominal gunshot wound. He operated on the ... George Emory Goodfellow" (PDF). Come Face to Face With History. Cochise County. pp. 8-9. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... By the late 1950s, mandatory laparotomy had become the standard of care for managing patients with abdominal penetrating trauma ... A laparotomy is still the standard procedure for treating abdominal gunshot wounds today. In the United Kingdom, trauma surgery ...
There is a series of pinkish-buff spots at the posterior margin of the abdominal sternites and a series of creamy spots at each ... Journal of Natural History. 6 (2): 177-194. doi:10.1080/00222937200770171. ISSN 0022-2933. Owen, D. F. (2009). "Species ... The abdominal tufts are bright red. Temnora crenulata crenulata Temnora crenulata obsoleta Darge, 2004 (Tanzania) "CATE ... Journal of East African Natural History. 87 (1): 213-220. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(1998)87[213:SAAOSI]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0012-8317. v ...
Natural History Museum. Retrieved May 11, 2018. Novitates Zoologicae Natural History Museum Lepidoptera generic names catalog v ... The abdominal area is glittering blue. Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A ...
It is not recommended in people with a history of a severe penicillin allergy. It appears to be relatively safe during ... Common side effects include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea. Serious side effects may include allergic reactions and ...
Furthermore, the abdominal sternites are without white spots. "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate- ... Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum. 26 (3): 1-173 - via Biodiversity Heritage Library. v t ...
The abdominal tufts of the male are red. "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Retrieved 2011 ... Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum. 26 (3): 1-173 - via Biodiversity Heritage Library. v t ...
Abdominal pain (1.6%), constipation (1.4%), vomiting (1.4%), and nausea (1.4%). Dyspepsia and increased appetite occurred in ... This can happen even in patients with no prior history of psychosis. Other rare CNS side effects include anxiety, emotional ...
Bolton, B. (1990a). "Abdominal characters and status of the cerapachyine ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)". Journal of Natural ... Journal of Natural History. 24: 1339-1364. Brady, Seán G.; Fisher, Brian L.; Schultz, Ted R.; Ward, Philip S. (2014). "The rise ... History. 24: 53-68. Bolton, B. (1990b). "Army ants reassessed: the phylogeny and classification of the doryline section ( ...
In medicine, the fluid wave test or fluid thrill test is a test for ascites (free fluid in the abdominal cavity). It is ... Bate's Guide to physical examination and history taking. 2003. Fluid wave test demonstration on YouTube v t e. ... The pressure on the midline prevents vibrations through the abdominal wall while the fluid allows the tap to be felt on the ... Abdominal examination Bulging flanks Puddle sign Shifting dullness Bickley & Szilagyi. ...
Starling's History of Henderson County, Henderson County, Kentucky History Website. ... Signs of abdominal pain, polydipsia, and vomiting may be noted. As the effects of the poison progress, signs of constipation, ... The Shawnee woman's name has been lost to history. An early sign in several animals including cattle, sheep, and guinea pigs is ... Anna and the Fight for the Milksick". Illinois History: A Magazine for Young People. 49 (3). ISSN 0019-2058. Archived from the ...
Surgery Abdominal surgery Hemlock Opium Anaesthetics South, John Flint (1886). Memorials of the Craft of Surgery in England. ... ISBN 0-486-20621-1. Zimmerman, Leo (2003). Great ideas in the history of surgery. Norman Publishing. p. 158. ISBN 0-930405-53-6 ... Clendening, Logan (1960). Source book of medical history. Courier Dover. p. 85. ...
"History and the Discovery and Development of Crixivan". Retrieved 2018-10-24.. ... Gastrointestinal disturbances (abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting)[4]. *General malaise and fatigue[4] ... History[edit]. The official start to its development started in December 1986 when Merck's president, Edward Scolnick, ...
Heart disease - Smoking; high blood pressure; high cholesterol; obesity; family history (genetics). Kata. opsional. ... Crohn's disease - Gastritis, gallstones, peptic ulcer, abdominal aortic aneurysm, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, ... Diabetes (Type 2) - Family history; obesity; sedentary lifestyle; age over 45. Kata. opsional. ... of people who will eventually develop the disorder at some time in their life whether or not they have a lifetime history at ...
History[edit]. See also: Braid. The oldest known recordings are from North Africa. It was also depicted in art from early Greek ...
June 2005). "The natural history of Ebola virus in Africa". Microbes Infect. 7 (7-8): 1005-14. doi:10.1016/j.micinf.2005.04.006 ... abdominal pain, menstrual abnormalities, miscarriages, skin peeling, or hair loss.[23][141] Inflammation and swelling of the ... Never before in recorded history has a biosafety level four pathogen infected so many people so quickly, over such a broad ... "DRC: Ebola Outbreak Worst in Country's History, Kills Almost 200". Democracy Now. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018. ...
History[edit]. Georges Mathé, a French oncologist, performed the first European bone marrow transplant in November 1958 on five ... This causes hematuria, frequency, abdominal pain and thrombocytopnea[34] Graft-versus-host disease[edit]. Main article: Graft- ... Donation is not recommended for those with a history of back pain.[45] Other symptoms observed in more than 40 percent of ... The documented adverse effects of filgrastim include splenic rupture (indicated by left upper abdominal or shoulder pain, risk ...
History[edit]. Thyroxine was first isolated in pure form in 1914 at the Mayo Clinic by Edward Calvin Kendall from extracts of ... Too high a dose of levothyroxine causes hyperthyroidism.[18] Overdose can result in heart palpitations, abdominal pain, nausea ...
Distinguishable from history of previous illness, often called past medical history (PMH). Medical history comprises HPI and ... generally in that order although auscultation occurs prior to percussion and palpation for abdominal assessments.[13] ... History[edit]. Main articles: History of medicine and Timeline of medicine and medical technology ... Social history (SH): birthplace, residences, marital history, social and economic status, habits (including diet, medications, ...
Talk:Abdominal aortic plexus. *Talk:Abdominal external oblique muscle. *Talk:Abdominal fascia ...
Glasser O (1993). Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the early history of the roentgen rays. Norman Publishing. pp. 10-15. ISBN 978- ... For example, the effective dosage of a chest x-ray is 0.1 mSv, while an abdominal CT is 10 mSv.[7] The American Association of ... "History of Radiography". NDT Resource Center. Iowa State University. Retrieved 27 April 2013.. ... Quader MA, Sawmiller CJ, Sumpio BE (2000). "Radio Contrast Agents: History and Evolution". Textbook of Angiology. pp. 775-783. ...
for the diagnosis of appendicitis or other examples of an acute abdomen (i.e. acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious ... Medical examination and history taking. Medical history. *Chief complaint. *History of the present illness ...
"Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy. 14 (2): 315-21.. ... ", "life", or "vital spirit"). It is located somewhere in the abdominal cavity, often in the liver or the heart (Proto- ... Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman (1996), History of Islamic Philosophy, p. 315, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-13159-6. ... a journey through Western history, science, and philosophy". Neurosurgery. 65 (4): 633-43, discussion 643. doi:10.1227/01.NEU. ...
The "Swollen baby syndrome" occurs in newborns, infants and toddlers with pitting edema, abdominal distension and hemorrhage.[6 ... In cases with abdominal pain, in countries where Lassa is common, Lassa fever is often misdiagnosed as appendicitis and ...
DISNEY, R. HENRY L. (2003-09-12). "The dorsal abdominal glands and the higher classification of the Phoridae (Diptera)". ... Depending upon the species and evolutionary histories, environmental factors such as temperature, elevation, and precipitation ... Journal of Natural History. 41 (25-28): 1659-1678. doi:10.1080/00222930701450504. hdl:10092/17350. ISSN 0022-2933.. ...
a b Colbert, E.H. & Morales, M. (2001): Colbert's Evolution of the Vertebrates: A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time ... This is because they use their abdominal muscles to breathe during locomotion. The last species to have been studied is the red ... In Egyptian history, the Nile cobra adorned the crown of the pharaoh. It was worshipped as one of the gods and was also used ... Edited by) Bauchot, Roland (1994). Snakes: A Natural History. Sterling Publishing. pp. 194-209. ISBN 978-1-4027-3181-5. .. CS1 ...
Abdominal and pelvic CT *Virtual colonoscopy. *CT angiography *Coronary CT. *Pulmonary CT ...
HistoryEdit. Main articles: History of yellow fever and Timeline of yellow fever ... abdominal pain occurs, and liver damage begins causing yellow skin.[3][6] If this occurs, the risk of bleeding and kidney ... "Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 53 (1): 3-42. doi:10.1093/jhmas/53.1.3. Archived from the original on ... Crosby, M. (2006). The American Plague: The Untold Story of Yellow Fever, the Epidemic that Shaped Our History. New York: The ...
"Internet History Sourcebooks". *^ "Legal Curiosities: Fact or Fable?" (PDF). Law Commission (England ... Voluntary contraction of the abdominal muscles aids the expulsion of urine by increasing the pressure applied to the urinary ... Donna Naughton (2012). A Natural History of Canadian Mammals. University of Toronto Press. pp. 214-. ISBN 978-1-4426-4483-0. ... Women and the U.S. Constitution: History, Interpretation, and Practice. Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach, Patricia Smith, Columbia ...
Initial evaluation of a suspected joint dislocation should begin with a thorough patient history, including mechanism of injury ... "Epidemiology and Natural History of Acute Patellar Dislocation". The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 32 (5): 1114-1121. ...
a b Ohara, Masashi; Araki, Kiwakoi; Yamada, Etsukoi; Kawano, Shoichi, Life-history monographs of Japanese plants, 6: ... If ingested-even in small amounts-the plant can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, reduced heart rate,[21] blurred vision, ...
There are other intra-abdominal malignancies that may cross the diaphragm and cause disease in the chest that could be ... The mucus may come from ruptured ovarian cysts, the appendix, or from other abdominal tissues, and mucus-secreting cells may ...
General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. N. Engl. J. Med. 2008-11, 359 (20): 2105-20. PMID 19005195. doi: ... History of Medicine: Sushruta - the Clinician - Teacher par Excellence (PDF). Dwivedi, Girish & Dwivedi, Shridhar. 2007 [2008- ... Haslam D. Obesity: a medical history. Obes Rev (Review). 2007-03,. 8 Suppl 1: 31-6. PMID 17316298. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X. ... Björntorp P. Do stress reactions cause abdominal obesity and comorbidities?. Obesity Reviews. 2001, 2 (2): 73-86. PMID 12119665 ...
General 20th-century US histories, such as the 10-volume Great Epochs in American History, published in 1912, used short ... other doctors began seeing patients who suffered severe abdominal distress. Autopsies after their death revealed stomachs ... Webster, Noah, A Brief History of Epidemic Disease, 1798. *^ LaRoche, Yellow Fever, considered in its historical, pathological ... "Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. University of Pennsylvania Press. 120 (4): 321-342 - via Pennsylvania State ...
... is a symptom and is by definition diagnosed by a patient reporting a history of leg pain with walking ... Abdominal aortic aneurysm. *Thoracic aortic aneurysm. *Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva. *Aortic dissection ...
History[edit]. This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to ... abdominal wall and larynx. ...
These include varices in the stomach wall due to hypertension in the short gastric veins and abdominal pain. This results in ... "Natural history of pancreatitis-induced splenic vein thrombosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of its incidence and ...
Abdominal pain. As DKA gets worse, it can cause these symptoms:[2] ...
History and backgroundEdit. The concept of yoga nidra is very ancient in Indian traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism. Lord ... The autonomic symptoms of high anxiety such as headache, giddiness, chest pain, palpitations, sweating and abdominal pain ...
to follow the natural history of disease in respiratory conditions[5]. *to assess of impairment from occupational asthma[5] ... Thoracic, abdominal, or cerebral aneurysms. *Cataracts or recent eye surgery. *Recent thoracic or abdominal surgery ...
S. betulifolia was used for abdominal pain and made into a tea.[8] The Blackfoot used S. splendens root in an enema and to ...
History[edit]. Main article: Lactase persistence. Greater lactose tolerance has come about in two ways.[74] Some populations ... including abdominal bloating and cramps, flatulence, diarrhea, nausea, borborygmi, and vomiting (particularly in adolescents). ... History of research[edit]. It is not until relatively recently that medicine recognised the worldwide prevalence of lactose ... Symptoms may include abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, gas, and nausea.[1] These symptoms typically start thirty minutes to ...
Earliest records of abdominal aorta aneurysm in history come from Ancient Rome in the 2nd century AD. Greek surgeon Antyllus ... Earliest records of abdominal aorta aneurysm in history come from Ancient Rome in the 2nd century AD. Greek surgeon Antyllus ... Surgical history. Surgery was unsuccessful until 1923. In that year, Rudolph Matas performed the first successful aortic ... Similar materials with improved tensile strength are used in open abdominal aneurysm repair and these include Teflon, Dacron ...
Re: A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain. What happened to "listen to the patient, shes telling you the diagnosis ... A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain BMJ 2018; 360 :k603 ... A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain. BMJ 2018; 360 doi: (Published 29 March 2018) ... Though, with presence of anaemia alongside a chronic non-specific abdominal pain and bloating, I think endoscopy with duodenal ...
A 60-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presents with pain in the left side of his abdomen. ... Patient With History of COPD Presents With Abdominal Pain. @media screen and (max-width: 468px) { .video-detail .doc-group- ... A 60-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presents with pain in the left side of his abdomen. ... A 60-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presents with pain in the left side of his ...
History. Given that smoking increases the risk of developing an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a smoking history should be ... Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are usually asymptomatic until they expand or rupture. Spontaneous abdominal pain in a patient ... Risk calculators and risk factors for Abdominal aortic aneurysm history and symptoms ... Abdominal aortic aneurysms are usually asymptomatic until they expand or rupture. The following symptoms may be present: * ...
Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for ... Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for ... Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for ... Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for ...
Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis. Natural History. Abdominal aortic aneurysms expand slowly over time. It is for ... Risk calculators and risk factors for Abdominal aortic aneurysm natural history, complications and prognosis ... Directions to Hospitals Treating Abdominal aortic aneurysm natural history, complications and prognosis ... Emergency Surgery in the Setting of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture. Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated ...
History of pcos - Answered by a verified OB GYN Doctor ... 24 and i been having painful blisters abdominal pain. ... 24 and i been having painful blisters abdominal pain. Doctors Assistant: When was your last pap test or pelvic exam? Any ... I have four swollen lymph nodes in my left inginuel groin area.. I also have been experiencing abdominal pain along with ... Second opinion] I have four swollen lymph nodes in my left inginuel groin area.. I also have been experiencing abdominal pain ...
All consecutive patients undergoing ALIF with or without a history of prior abdominal surgery from 2008 to 2018 at a single ... Exploring Perioperative Complications of Anterior Lumber Interbody Fusion in Patients with a History of Prior Abdominal Surgery ... Patient demographics, Charleston Comorbidity Index (CCI), level of fusion, past abdominal surgical history, use of access ... abdominal surgeries. Additionally, the association between the number of prior abdominal surgeries and perioperative ...
The epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysm and natural history of type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair. ... Abdominal aortic aneurysm is an important cause of death globally, however, its impact is less today than two decades ago due ...
... history of endometriosis, hot flushes and bleeding. Help?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Abdominal ... The lower abdominal pain is consistent with endometriosis and it seems like you have hot flushes and bleeding. I also think ... The lower abdominal pain is consistent with endometriosis and it seems like you have hot flushes and bleeding. I also think ... History of endometriosis before both children. Any clues? More curious than anything. Waing for ultrasound later in week! ...
History of PCOS. Worried about having a cyst. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Abdominal pain, Ask an ... Lower abdominal pain after taking cerazette. History of PCOS. Worried about having a cyst. ... now i am having lower abdominal pain on the left side. what could this indicate? could i be ovulating from taking the pill late ... While the condition rarely causes lower abdominal pain, if you are expecting your period soon, the pain could easily be ...
Usefulness of History-taking in Non-specific Abdominal Pain: A Prospective Study of 1333 Patients with Acute Abdominal Pain in ... Usefulness of History-taking in Non-specific Abdominal Pain: A Prospective Study of 1333 Patients with Acute Abdominal Pain in ... Usefulness of History-taking in Non-specific Abdominal Pain: A Prospective Study of 1333 Patients with Acute Abdominal Pain in ... Usefulness of History-taking in Non-specific Abdominal Pain: A Prospective Study of 1333 Patients with Acute Abdominal Pain in ...
Publication History. *Issue online: 10 April 2003. *Version of record online: 10 April 2003. ... Methods: Seventy-eight patients scheduled for elective, benign, and abdominal hysterectomy were included in a prospective, ... Kenneth Jensen, Henrik Kehlet, Claus M Lund, Postoperative recovery profile after elective abdominal hysterectomy: a ... Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of rectal paracetamol on morphine consumption after abdominal ...
Publication History. *Issue online: 17 JAN 2012. *Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2012 ... Trends in the rates of radiography use and important diagnoses in emergency department patients with abdominal pain. Med Care. ... Diagnostic Characteristics of S100A8/A9 in a Multicenter Study of Patients With Acute Right Lower Quadrant Abdominal Pain. ... Diagnostic Characteristics of S100A8/A9 in a Multicenter Study of Patients With Acute Right Lower Quadrant Abdominal Pain. ...
Contributions to are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License. ...
Abdominal injury. Inflicted abdominal trauma often does not have obvious physical findings, but abdominal distention, ... Past medical history should ideally include the following:. * Birth history (gestational age, delivery method, birth weight, ... History. Obtaining an accurate history can be challenging and time consuming. Children with inflicted injury may present in ... Local resources, such as social workers, may help take the history.. When there is a concern for child abuse, obtain a history ...
History. Abdominal pain. The most common presenting symptom (90%) of an acute porphyria is abdominal pain. [36] This is usually ... A thorough family history for porphyria and the patients occupational history must be obtained. ... 14] Abdominal pain and polyneuropathy are typical of this syndrome. Urinary ALA and coproporphyrin levels are markedly ... The abdominal pain is rarely accompanied by fever, leukocytosis, or peritoneal signs. Accompanying nausea and vomiting appear ...
i,Conclusion,/i,. Systemic methotrexate is a logical first choice for management of a stable early abdominal wall pregnancy. ... She was subsequently diagnosed with an abdominal wall ectopic pregnancy 2 cm inferior to the liver. A single percutaneous ... i,Background,/i,. The upper anterior abdominal wall is a very unusual location for an ectopic pregnancy making optimal ... 2. Patient History. A 26-year-old gravida 4, para 1, aborta 2 presented to an outside facility reporting spotting and cramping ...
2. Case History. A thirty-nine-year old married lady presented with chief complaints of primary amenorrhea. She also had ... Intra-Abdominal Testicular Seminoma in a Woman with Testicular Feminization Syndrome. Darshana D. Rasalkar,1 Bhawan K. ... There was no history of prior biochemical or radiological investigations during her teens. The physical examination revealed ... We report a case of intra-abdominal testicular tumor in a 36-year-old married lady presenting with chief complaints of primary ...
Abdominal radiography can be used to diagnose constipation or obstruction. Ultrasonography is the initial choice in children ... Appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdominal pain requiring surgery, with a peak incidence during adolescence. When ... Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. Symptoms and signs that increase ... History regarding abdominal pain should include associated symptoms, previous episodes of abdominal pain, and the intensity of ...
If the history and physical examination suggest functional abdominal pain, constipation or peptic disease, the response to an ... The diagnostic approach to abdominal pain in children relies heavily on the history provided by the parent and child to direct ... More than one third of children complain of abdominal pain lasting two weeks or longer. ... If the history and physical examination suggest functional abdominal pain, constipation or peptic disease, the response to an ...
... a 54-year-old man has had progressivelyworsening abdominal pain and general achiness.He has no nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or ... Abdominal Pain in Man With History of Melanoma. @media screen and (max-width: 468px) { .video-detail .doc-group-container { ... Given the patients history and the presence of other lesions, this most likely represents metastatic melanoma as well. ... WHICH TEST-AND WHY: Given the patients history of melanoma, you order apositron emission tomography (PET) scan. PET scans are ...
Natural History The major risk posed by an abdominal aortic aneurysm is rupture and its high associated mortality. In one large ... Men are 10 times more likely than women to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm of 4 cm or greater.38 Those with a family history ... Natural History. The natural history of thoracic aortic aneurysms has not been well defined. One reason for this is that both ... Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. Abdominal aortic aneurysms are much more common than thoracic aortic aneurysms. Age is an important ...
Abdominal Claire F. Verschraegen, Charles R. Key, and Raffit Hassan Epidemiology and Etiology The Surveillance, Epidemiology, ... Case of the Month October, 2012 Case The patient is a 47-year-old male with a 3-week history of abdominal pain. A CT scan of ... years 40/97 41 Over 60 years 31/97 32 Symptoms Abdominal pain 76/ Abdominal mass 31/ Increasing abdominal girth 73/ Ascites 46 ... Case Studies [1] September 24, 2012 By Harpreet Singh, MD [2] A 50-year-old female with a history of progressive abdominal ...
Aortic Aneurysm - Abdominal. Information about abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and their minimally invasive treatment with ... History of Medtronic. The history of the worlds largest medical technology company. ... Aortic Aneurysm - Abdominal. Information about abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and their minimally invasive treatment with ...
What is Abdominal aortic aneurism? Meaning of Abdominal aortic aneurism medical term. What does Abdominal aortic aneurism mean? ... Looking for online definition of Abdominal aortic aneurism in the Medical Dictionary? Abdominal aortic aneurism explanation ... History. Seventy-five percent of AAAs are asymptomatic and are found incidentally. When the aorta enlarges and compresses the ... abdominal aortic aneurysm. (redirected from Abdominal aortic aneurism). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus. abdominal aortic ...
Using an abdominal belt after pregnancy-specific strengthening exercises can help you work toward your pre-pregnancy body. ... History of Abdominal Wrapping. Wrapping with cloth soon after giving birth has been going on for thousands of years in many ... Effect of Abdominal Exercises Versus Abdominal Supporting Belt on Post-Partum Abdominal Efficiency and Rectus Separation ... Abdominal Belt After Pregnancy Erica Ziel Reviewed By: Aubrey Bailey on February 28, 2019 ...
There was no history of dysphagia or gastric reflux.. The patient was born with spina bifida, which was complicated with ... The abdominal organs were moved into the abdominal cavity. Resection of the fundus and anterior gastropexy was performed. ... A young female with severe upper abdominal pain and profuse vomiting. H. Hardardottir, M. E. Keemers-Gels, A. Termeer, C. ... A young female with severe upper abdominal pain and profuse vomiting. H. Hardardottir, M. E. Keemers-Gels, A. Termeer, C. ...
IRWD) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and investing. ... Ironwoods Linzess Lowers Abdominal Symptoms in IBS-C Patients. Ironwood (IRWD) and Allergans Linzess meets the goal in a late ... Ironwood Pharmaceuticals and Allergan Initiate Patient Dosing in Phase II Clinical Trial of MD-7246 in Patients with Abdominal ... 290 mcg on multiple abdominal symptoms in adult patients with IBS-C. The trial met its primary multi-component endpoint and ...
Published article number: 1087 - Advanced abdominal pregnancy: case report and review of 163 cases reported since 1946 ... a history of previous abortion or pelvic surgery. *a history of infertility. *bleeding or non-labour abdominal pain during the ... a history of bleeding or excessive abdominal pain during the first trimester. * ... Key words: abdominal pregnancy, advanced abdominal pregnancy, advanced ectopic pregnancy, advanced extrauterine pregnancy, ...
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are usually asymptomatic until they expand or rupture. (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms expand slowly over time. (
  • Annual mortality from ruptured abdominal aneurysms in the United States alone is about 15,000. (
  • Indeed, whereas cardiac surgeons operate on the ascending aorta and arch and vascular surgeons manage abdominal aortic aneurysms, at present the responsibility often falls to cardiologists to oversee the medical care of patients with aortic disease of all types. (
  • Toward this end, the purpose of this review is to summarize the current understanding of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. (
  • The etiology, natural history, and treatment of thoracic aneurysms differ for each of these segments. (
  • In an analysis of their large database of thoracic aortic aneurysm patients, Coady and colleagues 3 found that at least 19% of patients had a family history of a thoracic aortic aneurysm, and they presented at significantly younger ages than did those with sporadic aneurysms. (
  • Information about abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and their minimally invasive treatment with the Endurant AAA Stent Graft System. (
  • Aneurysms of the abdominal aorta occur more frequently than those of the thoracic aorta. (
  • Abdominal aneurysms can be fatal. (
  • Approximately 90 percent of abdominal aortic aneurysms occur infrarenally (below the kidneys), but they can also occur pararenally (at the level of the kidneys) or suprarenally (above the kidneys). (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms occur most commonly in individuals between 65 and 75 years old and are more common among men and smokers. (
  • in individuals with risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysms (e.g., males ≥65). (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms are commonly divided according to their size and symptomatology. (
  • However, as abdominal aortic aneurysms expand, they may become painful and lead to pulsating sensations in the abdomen or pain in the chest, lower back, or scrotum. (
  • By screening, it is possible to detect, monitor and treat most abdominal aortic aneurysms. (
  • AIM: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with severe angulation of the neck or of the iliac arteries are often unsuitable for endovascular repair with conventional endografts. (
  • Endovascular grafting of abdominal aneurysms, first reported clinically in 1991, 1 has evolved from simple tubular endografts to more complex bifurcated designs. (
  • In addition to being used for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, stent grafts have been used to repair isolated iliac aneurysms, thoracic aneurysms and traumatic arterial injuries. (
  • Conventional open-surgical repair remains the safest and most reliable method for managing significant abdominal aneurysms. (
  • Transfemoral intraluminal graft implantation for abdominal aortic aneurysms. (
  • Feasibility of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with local anesthesia with intravenous sedation. (
  • Concurrent comparison of endoluminal versus open repair in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: analysis of 303 patients by life table method. (
  • More common in those who are older, mesenteric ischemia and abdominal aortic aneurysms are other serious causes. (
  • In this paper we present an efficient algorithm for the segmentation of the inner and outer boundary of thoratic and abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAA & AAA) in computed tomography angiography (CTA) acquisitions. (
  • Earliest records of abdominal aorta aneurysm in history come from Ancient Rome in the 2nd century AD. (
  • A year later he made the first accurate diagnosis and illustrations of abdominal aorta aneurysm pathology. (
  • In 1952 Voorhees inserted the first synthetic graft into a ruptured abdominal aorta aneurysm. (
  • Juan Parodi with Julio Palmaz and Héctor Barone in the late 1980s developed the first catheter-based arterial approach to abdominal aorta aneurysm and this led to the endovascular approach to surgery. (
  • Physical manifestations of atherosclerosis may begin in early life, particularly in the abdominal aorta. (
  • Ultrasound of abdominal aorta showing intima-media complex in a ( a ) fetus, ( b ) newborn, ( c ) child (8 years), and ( d ) young adult (20 years). (
  • abnormal dilatation of the abdominal aorta, usually in an area of severe atherosclerosis. (
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized outpouching or dilation of the arterial wall in the latter portion of the descending segment of the aorta (infrarenal aorta). (
  • The abdominal aorta is the largest artery in the abdominal cavity. (
  • As some people get older, the wall of the aorta in the stomach weakens and expands to form an abdominal aortic aneurysm. (
  • The specimen consists of lower abdominal segment of aorta together with common iliac vessels and proximal portions of the internal and external iliac arteries. (
  • The abdominal aorta at the upper end of the specimen shows multiple focally ulcerated atheromatous plaques. (
  • The part of the aorta in your abdomen is called the abdominal aorta. (
  • If an aneurysm forms in your abdominal aorta and grows too large, your aorta could tear or burst. (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an irreversible, progressive dilation of the abdominal aorta, occurring most frequently below the renal arteries. (
  • AAA was defined as a transverse diameter of abdominal aorta 3/4 3 cm or history of AAA repair. (
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge or swelling in the aorta, the main blood vessel that runs from the heart down through the chest and tummy. (
  • When this happens in the part of the aorta that runs through the abdomen, it is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm. (
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge in the major artery - the aorta - that moves blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. (
  • The abdominal organs were moved into the abdominal cavity. (
  • Advanced abdominal pregnancy (AAP) is defined as a pregnancy of over 20 weeks' gestation with a foetus living, or showing signs of having once lived and developed, in the mother's abdominal cavity 1-4 . (
  • The abdominal cavity is the body cavity of the human body that holds the bulk of the viscera. (
  • This guidance document discusses the development of preclinical and clinical information for an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE), Premarket Approval (PMA), or Product Development Protocol (PDP) application for a resorbable adhesion barrier product for use in the abdominal and/or pelvic cavity. (
  • The severity of the state of the patients and the dynamics of infectious-toxic process in the abdominal cavity was evaluated on the scale of APACHE II, SAPS II, Mannheim peritonitis index (MPI). (
  • The dynamics of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was determined indirectly by the change of pressure in the cavity of the bladder through a catheter with apparatus Uno Meter Abdo Pressure ® Kit. (
  • An abdominal examination may be performed because the physician suspects a disease of the organs inside the abdominal cavity (including the liver, spleen, large or small intestines), or simply as a part of a complete physical examination for other conditions. (
  • Though, with presence of anaemia alongside a chronic non-specific abdominal pain and bloating, I think endoscopy with duodenal biopsy would have been the single best investigation to carry out first, which may then save her a CT or an US scan. (
  • A 60-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presents with pain in the left side of his abdomen. (
  • Spontaneous abdominal pain in a patient with a pulsatile epigastric mass or a known AAA may signal a rupture into the retroperitoneum or leakage within the aneurysm wall. (
  • 24 and i been having painful blisters abdominal pain. (
  • Upper abdominal pain after eating, nausea. (
  • She has upper-right abdominal pain and it worsens after she eats a lot. (
  • Follow-up: Upper abdominal pain after eating, nausea. (
  • Lower abdominal pain, history of endometriosis, hot flushes and bleeding. (
  • The lower abdominal pain is consistent with endometriosis and it seems like you have hot flushes and bleeding. (
  • Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. (
  • Appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdominal pain requiring surgery, with a peak incidence during adolescence. (
  • Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood visits to primary care. (
  • 1 The initial assessment of acute abdominal pain should focus on the severity of illness and whether there is a potential surgical cause of abdominal pain. (
  • Computed tomography is not necessary in the routine evaluation of abdominal pain. (
  • Urinalysis, complete blood count, pregnancy test, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate or C-reactive protein should be the initial laboratory tests in the evaluation of acute abdominal pain in children. (
  • Ultrasonography is the imaging choice for acute abdominal pain in children. (
  • Opiates may be safely used in children with acute abdominal pain without delaying or affecting the accuracy of diagnosis. (
  • A more recent article on chronic abdominal pain in children is available. (
  • More than one third of children complain of abdominal pain lasting two weeks or longer. (
  • The diagnostic approach to abdominal pain in children relies heavily on the history provided by the parent and child to direct a step-wise approach to investigation. (
  • If the history and physical examination suggest functional abdominal pain, constipation or peptic disease, the response to an empiric course of medical management is of greater value than multiple "exclusionary" investigations. (
  • Chronic abdominal pain in children is defined as pain of more than two weeks' duration. (
  • The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in children varies with age, gender, genetic predisposition, nutritional exposure and many environmental factors. (
  • While efforts to distinguish organic from functional abdominal pain are admirable, these apparently opposing etiologies are not mutually exclusive in children, since psychologic complications of organic disease are common. (
  • The diagnosis of abdominal pain in children has five components. (
  • For the past several weeks, a 54-year-old man has had progressivelyworsening abdominal pain and general achiness.He has no nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or fever and no historyof trauma. (
  • For the past several weeks, a 54-year-old man has had progressively worsening abdominal pain and general achiness. (
  • rupture is characterised by sudden, severe abdominal pain radiating to back. (
  • A 23-yr-old female presented with progressive dyspnoea and epigastrical pain after 2 days of severe upper abdominal pain with heavy, profuse vomiting. (
  • Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (IRWD) and Allergan plc (AGN) today announced positive topline data from a Phase IIIb clinical trial evaluating LINZESS (linaclotide) 290 mcg on multiple abdominal symptoms in adult patients with IBS-C. The trial met its primary multi-component endpoint and demonstrated that linaclotide improved the overall abdominal symptoms of bloating, pain and discomfort in adult IBS-C patients compared to placebo. (
  • A 30 year-old woman, gravida 5 with four living children and no history of abortion, presented to her local health centre with amenorrhea of 9 months' duration and a chief complaint of abdominal pain and absent foetal movements for 7 days. (
  • There was no history of pain prior to this episode, and she had had no vaginal bleeding during the pregnancy. (
  • Non-specific abdominal pain is very common but is a diagnosis of exclusion once red flags are considered. (
  • Symptoms in neonates may be attributed by parents as abdominal pain. (
  • A ruptured AAA is a clinical diagnosis involving the presence of the triad of abdominal pain, shock and a pulsatile abdominal mass. (
  • Patient is a 65-year-old male admitted to the hospital with abdominal pain. (
  • This 70 year old man with a past history of mild gastro-oesophageal reflux presented to the Alfred Hospital with a sudden onset of severe upper abdominal pain which radiated to the left shoulder tip. (
  • Abdominal pain is a fairly common medical problem, and the severity of the issue ranges from a minor annoyance to life-threatening. (
  • While abdominal pain is common, each case is unique-just as each patient is unique. (
  • Your health history, type of pain, age, gender, how long the pain has been present, what it feels like and where you feel it will all help determine what tests are ordered to diagnose the problem. (
  • Is It Acute or Chronic Abdominal Pain? (
  • An example of acute abdominal pain would be when a patient experiences a severe case of appendicitis, where infection causes the appendix to swell and become increasingly painful. (
  • Chronic abdominal pain is belly pain that has lasted for at least six months and may be expected to last even longer, possibly even for a lifetime if the cause cannot be treated or cured. (
  • Chronic abdominal pain may have a known cause and a planned course of treatment, where acute abdominal pain may need to be diagnosed first in order to then be treated appropriately. (
  • If you are experiencing significant abdominal pain, don't be surprised if it seems like the provider is asking many questions. (
  • Finding out the history of the illness, as well as the patient's medical history, is often the quickest and easiest way to narrow down the potential causes of abdominal pain. (
  • One of the best ways to diagnose abdominal pain is a physical examination of the abdomen performed by a knowledgeable clinician. (
  • Blood tests and urine tests are among the most common tests done for abdominal pain, and are often followed by additional tests after the results are available. (
  • His vital signs were stable except for his temperature, which was 37.7°C. Physical examination revealed intense pain on palpation, crepitus, swelling, and bruising over the right side of the abdominal wall, extending into the shoulder. (
  • Look for a history of cramping, abdominal pain and vomiting. (
  • Mrs. Zohrah : 22 years : johar pelita - sesela Subject Patient came to emergency care unit of NTB province hospital (12.20) with G1P0A0 A/S/L laten phase 1st labour + watery vaginal discharge + febris cronologis : Patient felt abdominal pain ( since 0510-2009) and watery vaginal discharge at 07.00 am (07-10-2009), then she went to gunung sari PHC at 11.00 am (07-10-2009). (
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition characterised by abdominal pain, bowel dysfunction, and abdominal bloating in the absence of any structural abnormality. (
  • Signs and symptoms usually include a high fever , headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea.Most people with typhoid fever feel better within a few days of starting ant. (
  • People who have chronic pancreatitis also experience abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. (
  • Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues. (
  • Given that a variety of diseases can cause some form of abdominal pain, a systematic approach to the examination of a person and the formulation of a differential diagnosis remains important. (
  • Acute abdomen can be defined as severe, persistent abdominal pain of sudden onset that is likely to require surgical intervention to treat its cause. (
  • The pain may frequently be associated with nausea and vomiting, abdominal distention, fever and signs of shock. (
  • One of the most common conditions associated with acute abdominal pain is acute appendicitis. (
  • this is why appendicitis initially presents with T10 periumbilical pain when it first begins and becomes T12 pain as the abdominal wall peritoneum (which is rich with somatic afferent nerves) is involved. (
  • In order to better understand the underlying cause of abdominal pain, one can perform a thorough history and physical examination. (
  • Identifying other possible factors may aid in the diagnosis of the underlying cause of abdominal pain, such as recent travel, recent contact with other ill individuals, and for females, a thorough gynecologic history. (
  • Reviewing the presence of non-abdominal symptoms (e.g., fever, chills, chest pain, shortness of breath, vaginal bleeding) that can further clarify the diagnostic picture. (
  • A 62-year-old man with a history of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and coronary artery disease presents to your primary care practice with abdominal pain for 6 months. (
  • What is the differential diagnosis of acute and chronic abdominal pain? (
  • Abdominal pain is a commonly encountered clinical problem, accounting for nearly 10% of all visits to emergency departments. (
  • Nearly 25% of all patients evaluated for abdominal pain in such settings require hospitalization. (
  • The etiology of abdominal pain is often, at least initially, uncertain. (
  • The frequency of this clinical problem and the associated diagnostic uncertainty mandate a further discussion of abdominal pain. (
  • A better understanding of the historical features associated with different causes of abdominal pain will expedite appropriate diagnosis and treatment. (
  • 1, 2 Patients with an acute abdomen represent only a fraction of those with acute abdominal pain. (
  • Acute abdominal pain has an onset over minutes but can persist for days. (
  • 3 Sometimes, very severe abdominal pain is described as acute, which is appropriate only if the pain is a new problem. (
  • An acute exacerbation of chronic abdominal pain should not be described as acute abdominal pain. (
  • Abdominal pain that is present for at least 6 months without a diagnosis despite an appropriate evaluation. (
  • A 71-year old woman presents with a 4-week history of dyspepsia and abdominal pain. (
  • She states that for years she has had occasional heartburn but she can not recall having abdominal pain. (
  • A 62-yr-old guy presented with a 5-yr history of intermittent abdominal distention and pain. (
  • CASE DESCRIPTION A 62 yr-old man presented with a 5-yr history of intermittent abdominal pain associated with abdominal distention which waxed and waned without treatment on June 4, 2010. (
  • Ten days before presenting to our institution, he was urgently admitted to a local hospital with abdominal pain. (
  • The Client Complains Of Abdominal Pain, Fever, And Diarrhea. (
  • 21 Y/O female with history of pancreatitis 2 month ago and present with abdominal pain , bloating. (
  • Reflect on a patient who presented with abdominal pain. (
  • A 60-year-old female is admitted to the ward with a 2-day history of severe left lower abdominal pain and leukocytosis. (
  • Two hours after admission, she begins to experience an acute exacerbation of her abdominal pain and is believed to have a diverticular perforation and acute abdomen. (
  • Although physicians have had concern that giving patients pain medications during acute abdominal pain may hinder diagnosis and treatment, separate systematic reviews by the Cochrane Collaboration and the Rational Clinical Examination refute this. (
  • An organized approach to abdominal masses includes thinking about possible etiologies based on the location of the mass with regards to the underlining abdominal anatomy as well as likely pathologies based on the age of the patient and associated symptoms or signs. (
  • The history taken after acute cadmium inhalation usually involves signs and symptoms in the respiratory system. (
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm can occur without any symptoms, and it may not always require treatment. (
  • The physical examination typically occurs after a thorough medical history is taken, that is, after the physician asks the patient the course of their symptoms. (
  • The purpose of the abdominal exam is to get more information that could indicate what is causing the patient's symptoms. (
  • The diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm can be confirmed at the bedside by the use of ultrasound . (
  • Given the rarity of an abdominal ectopic pregnancy and the potential mortality associated with abdominal pregnancies, early diagnosis and appropriate clinical treatment is essential. (
  • 3 C.F. Verschraegen et al 393 Table Relative frequencies of mesothelioma diagnosis per site for males and females Number of Number of Percent Percent mesothelioma mesothelioma Percent Percent all sites all sites Site (male) (female) (male) (female) (male) (female) Abdominal Thoracic Heart Female genital Male genital Other All sites and by gender (Table 25.3). (
  • The differential diagnosis was Boerhave syndrome because of the history with profuse vomiting. (
  • Often undiagnosed prior to operative intervention, and prone to dramatic complications, advanced abdominal pregnancy presents special challenges to the physician working in remote areas with limited resources for diagnosis and management. (
  • The correlation between abdominal fat and metabolic dysfunction has since been validated in many studies, and waist circumference is now a criterion for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. (
  • In each case, the diagnosis and treatment might have been inappropriate without an exposure history. (
  • After gathering a thorough history, one should perform a physical exam in order to identify important physical signs that might clarify the diagnosis, including a cardiovascular exam, lung exam, thorough abdominal exam, and for females, a genitourinary exam. (
  • Urinalysis Imaging including chest and abdominal X-rays Electrocardiogram If diagnosis remains unclear after history, examination, and basic investigations as above, then more advanced investigations may reveal a diagnosis. (
  • The Patient History: An Evidence-Based Approach to Differential Diagnosis Henderson MC, Tierney LM, Jr., Smetana GW. (
  • Can you make a definite diagnosis through an open-ended history followed by focused questions? (
  • The information gathered from the physical examination of the abdomen, along with the information from the history, are used by the physician to generate a differential diagnosis and ultimately a treatment plan for the patient. (
  • An aortic aneurysm can progress to a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm , which is a medical emergency associated with an extremely high mortality. (
  • About 15% of people have a more serious underlying condition such as appendicitis, leaking or ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, diverticulitis, or ectopic pregnancy. (
  • Exploring Perioperative Complications of Anterior Lumber Interbody Fusion in Patients with a History of Prior Abdominal Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (
  • Access to the anterior spine requires mobilization of intra-abdominal viscera/vasculature, which can become complicated as scarring and/or adhesions develop from prior abdominal surgical interventions, increasing risk of intraoperative complications. (
  • Additionally, the association between the number of prior abdominal surgeries and perioperative complications in ALIF surgery has not been explored within the literature. (
  • This study seeks to explore the association between perioperative complications of ALIF surgery and the type (major and/or minor) and number of prior abdominal surgeries. (
  • A retrospective cohort study was performed to examine perioperative complications in ALIF patients with or without prior history of abdominal surgery. (
  • Early assessment of prognosis following major abdominal surgery is associated with decreased risk of complications and death. (
  • Early assessment of risk of death or complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery (MAS) is imperative in clinical practice. (
  • This is especially true for patients with intra-abdominal infectious complications (IIC) requiring reoperation. (
  • Patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of developing mechanical complications such as dialysate leaks and hernias thought to be related to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) secondary to the addition of dialysate to the abdomen. (
  • The second group included 14 (14,4%) patients with intra-abdominal complications in the form of failure of the intestinal suture and 4 (4,2%) patients with progression of peritonitis in the postoperative period. (
  • In Japanese Americans, intra-abdominal fat area measured by computed tomography is positively associated with the prevalence and incidence of hypertension. (
  • Mid-thigh subcutaneous fat area, abdominal subcutaneous fat area, and intra-abdominal fat area were directly measured by computed tomography at baseline and 5 years. (
  • Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected metabolic abnormalities? (
  • Intra-abdominal fat, insulin resistance and physical activity make independent contributions to metabolic status in very obese women, but explain only around a third of the variance. (
  • Given the patient's history of melanoma, you order a positron emission tomography (PET) scan . (
  • Given the patient's history and the presence of other lesions, this most likely represents metastatic melanoma as well. (
  • The history of present illness should include the patient's COVID-19 disease course, severity of illness, and treatments received. (
  • Learning about the patient's past medical history, focusing on any prior issues or surgical procedures. (
  • Discussing with the patient any family history of disease processes, focusing on conditions that might resemble the patient's current presentation. (
  • Review our patient's initial supine abdominal film again. (
  • Describe the patient's personal and medical history, drug therapy and treatments, and follow-up care. (
  • Finally, percussion (tapping) of the patient's abdomen and abdominal organs. (
  • The patient's hips and knees should be flexed (in a bent position) so that their abdominal muscles remain relaxed during the examination. (
  • Exhale to initiate zipping up the pelvic floor and lower belly (transverse abdominals) and lengthen through the top of your head. (
  • This document supersedes "Guidance for Resorbable Adhesion Barrier Devices for Use in Abdominal and/or Pelvic Surgery," published on December 16, 1999. (
  • The membrane derived from embryonic mesoderm that covers the viscera and lines the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. (
  • The parietal peritoneum lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities. (
  • Abdominal examination elicited hypogastric guarding, pelvic tenderness and some rebound tenderness. (
  • A CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis was performed to look for evidence of a possible hormone-secreting tumor or abdominal pregnancy causing the rising quantitative hCG levels. (
  • and C-reactive protein, 256.43 mg/L (normal, 0-3 mg/L). Computed tomography scans of the chest and abdomen revealed soft tissue edema and stranding with gas in the chest and abdominal wall (Figure 1 ). (
  • The pancreas is an abdominal gland situated behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. (
  • An abdominal examination is a portion of the physical examination which a physician or nurse uses to clinically observe the abdomen of a patient for signs of disease. (
  • The abdominal examination is conventionally split into four different stages: first, inspection of the patient and the visible characteristics of their abdomen. (
  • The doctor then determines the shape of your abdomen, looking for any bumps, abdominal distension, or depressions. (
  • Given that smoking increases the risk of developing an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a smoking history should be obtained in elderly men. (
  • The five components include the history, a physical examination, laboratory testing, results of imaging studies and response to empiric therapy. (
  • Abdominal examination was not possible because of the position of the patient. (
  • Abdominal examination revealed board-like rigidity and diminished bowel sounds. (
  • In a complete physical examination, the abdominal exam classically follows the respiratory examination and cardiovascular examination. (
  • She also had abdominal distension and palpable swelling over the abdominopelvic regions since last two years. (
  • Enterocolitis (presents with sudden painful abdominal distension and bloody diarrhoea. (
  • Abdominal bloating or distension. (
  • Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with a 60% to 90% mortality before the patient reaches a hospital. (
  • Seventy-eight patients scheduled for elective, benign, and abdominal hysterectomy were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the effect of rectal paracetamol in conjunction with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) morphine. (
  • Social history should include assessment of the level of material and social supports and resources available to the patient (e.g., finances, employment, housing, access to food) and their potential impact on the capacity of patients to access health and recuperation services. (
  • This is because abdominal complaints may be as simple as an upset tummy in a child who has had too much candy after trick or treating on Halloween or as complex as a patient who needs emergency surgery to remove part of the intestine that has been starved of oxygen. (
  • An abdominal mass in a neonate, young child, or adolescent patient is something that every pediatrician needs to be wary of as these masses can indicate malignancy. (
  • describe the workup, including history and physical, of a patient who presents with chronic low-level exposure to cadmium. (
  • Over the course of surgical history arose three landmark developments in aortic surgery. (
  • An abdominal condition that requires immediate surgical intervention. (
  • Surgical Techniques for the Laparoscopic Treatment of Bile Duct Stones in Patients With a History of Upper Abdominal Operations: Retrospective Cohort Study. (
  • Laparoscopy with certain surgical techniques was feasible, effective, and advantageous for patients with previous upper abdominal operations by experienced surgeons . (
  • We aim to characterize CD-related intra-abdominal collections clinically, and identify predictors of need for surgical interventions and the time to surgery. (
  • Although the majority of patients with CD-related intra-abdominal collections underwent surgical resection in this cohort, no obvious predictors of surgical intervention could be identified. (
  • Similar materials with improved tensile strength are used in open abdominal aneurysm repair and these include Teflon, Dacron and expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). (
  • 2009). "The care of patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm: the Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines. (
  • When an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures, it is a true medical emergency. (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm is an important cause of death globally, however, its impact is less today than two decades ago due to a decline in AAA mortality. (
  • The risk of a small or medium abdominal aortic aneurysm growing to the point of needing to be referred or rupturing (splitting or tearing) while surveillance is paused is extremely low. (
  • What is an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)? (
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex disorder with multiple genetic risk factors. (
  • It is then deployed and fixed in position within the aneurysm by balloon expansion of the stent, thus excluding the abdominal aortic aneurysm from circulation. (
  • The EUROSTAR registry comprises 38 European institutions that are collaborating in a multicentre registry to conduct short- to medium-term follow-up on 899 patients who underwent abdominal aortic aneurysm stent-graft repair between May 1994 and March 1998. (
  • A recent report summarizing the outcome of 303 patients who had endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair found no significant difference in perioperative mortality between operative and endovascular groups. (
  • We investigated whether family history (FHx) of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) was associated with presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). (
  • The primary outcome is growth in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) maximum transverse diameter determined by CT scans at two-year follow-up with allowance for baseline (pre-randomization) diameter. (
  • In this article, we discuss what an abdominal aortic aneurysm is and how to treat it. (
  • To investigate, at a population level, whether a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is independently related to increased aortic diameter and prevalence of AAA in men, and to elucidate whether the mean aortic diameter and the prevalence of AAA are different between participants with male and female relatives with AAA. (
  • All consecutive patients undergoing ALIF with or without a history of prior abdominal surgery from 2008 to 2018 at a single tertiary center were evaluated. (
  • On multivariable logistic regression, the odds of developing an intraoperative complication increases by 52% for each additional prior abdominal surgery after adjusting for age, length of ALIF, gender, multilevel ALIF, and the use of an access surgeon (OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.10 - 2.11). (
  • With each additional prior abdominal surgery, accumulation of scarring and adhesions can likely obscure anatomical landmarks and increase the risk of developing an intraoperative complication. (
  • The effect is well documented in minor and moderate extensive surgery, but the effect of paracetamol as an adjunct to opioids in major abdominal surgery is less examined. (
  • Demonstrate that a model based on intra-abdominal pressure is effective in predicting death after major abdominal surgery. (
  • A prospective observational study was done of 300 post-abdominal-surgery patients admitted to the ICU of a university hospital affiliated with the General Calixto Garcia Medical Faculty, in January 2008 through January 2010. (
  • The three models show good capacity and similar effectiveness to predict death after major abdominal surgery. (
  • It is the product of a collaborative effort between the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Devices Branch (PRSB) in the Division of General Restorative and Neurological Devices (DGRND), and the Obstetrics and Gynecology Devices Branch (OGDB) in the Division of Reproductive, Abdominal, and Radiological Devices (DRARD). (
  • Open abdominal surgery - This is the most common form of surgery for an AAA. (
  • Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for Detection of Atheroscler. (
  • Natural History of Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Intima-Media Thickness: Rationale, Evidence, and Best Practice for Detection of Atherosclerosis in the Young. (
  • Measurement of the abdominal aortic intima-media thickness by external ultrasound is a non-invasive methodology for quantifying the extent and severity of early atherosclerosis in children, adolescents, and young adults. (
  • This review provides an evidence-based rationale for the assessment of abdominal aortic intima-media thickness-particularly as an age-appropriate methodology for studying the natural history of atherosclerosis in the young in comparison to other methodologies-establishes best practice methods for assessing abdominal aortic intima-media thickness, and identifies key gaps in the literature, including those that will identify the clinical relevance of this measure. (
  • The upper anterior abdominal wall is a very unusual location for an ectopic pregnancy making optimal management uncertain. (
  • She was subsequently diagnosed with an abdominal wall ectopic pregnancy 2 cm inferior to the liver. (
  • Abdominal ectopic pregnancies are extremely rare and account for only 1% of all ectopic pregnancies [ 1 ]. (
  • The risk of maternal morbidity is 7-8 time greater with an abdominal ectopic pregnancy compared with other ectopic pregnancy locations and 90 times greater than an intrauterine pregnancy [ 2 ]. (
  • We present a unique case of failed systemic methotrexate therapy followed by a successful intralesional methotrexate injection for treatment of an infrahepatic abdominal wall ectopic pregnancy. (
  • Intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome: updated consensus definitions and clinical practice guidelines from the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. (
  • Next, one needs to incorporate an exposure history questionnaire into clinical practice. (
  • Abdominal radiography can be used to diagnose constipation or obstruction. (
  • A follow-up abdominal series taken the next morning showed a normal abdominal gas pattern with resolution of the obstruction. (
  • Considering the increasing trend of obesity reported in current data, this study was conducted to examine trends of obesity and abdominal obesity among Tehranian adults during a median follow-up of 6.6 years. (
  • Criteria used for obesity and abdominal obesity defined body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 and waist circumference ≥ 94/80 cm for men/women respectively. (
  • Men aged between 20-29 years had highest increase rates of obesity and abdominal obesity in phase III in comparison with phase I (with a respective rates of 2.2- and 3.3-fold). (
  • This study demonstrates alarming rises in the prevalences of both obesity and abdominal obesity in both sexes especially in young men, calling for urgent action to educate people in lifestyle modifications. (
  • The Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) with median follow-up of 3.6 years [ 10 ] reported an increasing trend for prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in both sexes. (
  • It is most common in women who are over 35 and older men with abdominal obesity. (
  • the pancreas appeared normal and an unruptured abdominal aortic aneurism was noted. (
  • If a male over the age of 65 has a history of smoking , he should undergo ultrasonography to screen for an AAA. (
  • The dependence between the severity of intra-abdominal hypertension, the cause and severity, and the defining the nature of changes in intra-abdominal pressure in relation to clinical manifestations and laboratory studies has been established. (
  • Great attention has been paid lately to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in common peritonitis as factors of multiple organ failure syndrome (MOFS) [1-8]. (
  • However, there are no data on the performance of intra-abdominal hypertension at different pathology and the frequency of ACS. (
  • we have to study the data of intra-abdominal hypertension and the frequency of in ACS patients with acute abdominal pathology. (
  • This phenomenon is confirmed by the fact that the severity of abdominal hypertension correlates with the indices of the integral scales of APACHE II, SAPS II, as well as the IAP (Table 2). (
  • The possibility to use indicators of abdominal pressure has been shown as a category of assessment and prediction of postoperative course. (
  • A geneticist will discuss your family health history, provide risk assessment for common diseases, and help guide you with methods for minimizing your risk. (
  • Management of intra-abdominal infections: recommendations by the WSES 2016 consensus conference. (
  • 1 25 Clinical Presentation and Natural History of Mesothelioma: Abdominal Claire F. Verschraegen, Charles R. Key, and Raffit Hassan Epidemiology and Etiology The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database showed 5266 cases of mesothelioma (all sites) recorded from 1973 to The age-adjusted incidence rate of the year 2000 United States standard is 9.7 cases per 1,000,000. (
  • Aug 23, 2018 · Typhoid fever has infected many people and was responsible for many deaths over the course of history , which continues to a lesser extent today . (
  • There was no history of fever. (
  • Furthermore, she had a history of allergic bronchial asthma and had recently been treated with amoxycilline/clavulanicacid because of a urinary tract infection. (
  • The continuing challenge of intra-abdominal infection. (
  • We evaluated the performance of a ring-stent abdominal endograft (Anaconda™ Vascutek, Terumo, Scotland) in a consecutive series of infrarenal AAA. (
  • The gestational sac of an abdominal pregnancy usually implants in the pelvis or on highly vascular areas such as the liver, spleen, and mesentery [ 1 ] and can be associated with excessive maternal morbidity and mortality. (
  • He had a history of cardiovascular disease and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus over the past 40 years. (
  • In the early 1980s, we analyzed the metabolic profile of 930 men and women and concluded that an abdominal distribution of fat for a given BMI is associated with increased insulin resistance and risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (
  • Few authors have studied applying the laparoscopic approach in patients with previous upper abdominal operations, but no comparison has been made between laparoscopic and open approaches in patients with previous upper abdominal operations. (
  • and group C patients with a history of upper abdominal operations who underwent an open operation (n=196). (
  • Engaging your deep core muscles is a must while wrapping or splinting, as these interventions alone can actually decrease strength in your abdominals. (
  • Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs when the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) rises to a level that impairs organ perfusion, causing new organ dysfunction. (
  • MLC is a member of the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. (
  • Systemic methotrexate is a logical first choice for management of a stable early abdominal wall pregnancy. (
  • Thinking about wearing an abdominal belt after pregnancy to regain some of your prebaby body? (
  • Abdominal belts can support healing muscles after pregnancy. (
  • Though relatively rare, advanced abdominal pregnancy (AAP) can have dramatic and catastrophic consequences for the foetus and the mother. (
  • She has lost the pregnancy weight, but her abdominals are not responding to the exercises she has been doing. (
  • Rupture is indicated by the presence of free fluid in potential abdominal spaces, such as Morrison's pouch , the splenorenal space, subdiaphragmatic spaces and peri-vesical spaces. (
  • We describe the first case of necrotizing fasciitis involving the chest and abdominal wall caused by R. planticola . (
  • Hepatitis,mononucleosis, or leptospirosis are three infections that can cause abdominal masses derived from the liver, the spleen, and the gallbladder respectively. (
  • however, there is no consensus within the literature as to what defines "major/significant" abdominal surgeries. (
  • This second abdominal series shows the same findings as the radiographs taken at the rural hospital. (
  • Lipolysis in these abnormally large adipose cells was markedly elevated, and, in fact, at the time we suggested that "… a regional abdominal adiposity. (
  • They also found a decrease in diastasis recti at six weeks postpartum in those who did safe abdominal exercises postpartum. (
  • Some professionals recommend that clients with a large diastasis recti (three finger-widths or more) who feel as if they could put their hands inside their abdominal cavities could benefit from wearing a postpartum support belt. (
  • With more than 3 million cases diagnosed each year, diastasis recti is one of the more common abdominal injuries suffered by both men and women in America today. (
  • That is when it is important to check for a diastasis recti because failing to correctly diagnose the condition can lead to a further separation of the abdominal wall if the mother is performing traditional abdominal crunch to get her abs back into shape. (