A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Deficiency of sodium in the blood; salt depletion. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.
A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.
Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A condition of HYPONATREMIA and renal salt loss attributed to overexpansion of BODY FLUIDS resulting from sustained release of ANTIDIURETIC HORMONES which stimulates renal resorption of water. It is characterized by normal KIDNEY function, high urine OSMOLALITY, low serum osmolality, and neurological dysfunction. Etiologies include ADH-producing neoplasms, injuries or diseases involving the HYPOTHALAMUS, the PITUITARY GLAND, and the LUNG. This syndrome can also be drug-induced.
Radioactive substances added in minute amounts to the reacting elements or compounds in a chemical process and traced through the process by appropriate detection methods, e.g., Geiger counter. Compounds containing tracers are often said to be tagged or labeled. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
A pteridinetriamine compound that inhibits SODIUM reabsorption through SODIUM CHANNELS in renal EPITHELIAL CELLS.
Narcotic analgesic related to CODEINE, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
A potent second-generation histamine H1 antagonist that is effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic urticaria, and pollen-induced asthma. Unlike many traditional antihistamines, it does not cause drowsiness or anticholinergic side effects.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
The valve, at the junction of the CECUM with the COLON, that guards the opening where the ILEUM enters the LARGE INTESTINE.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
An amino acid formed in vivo by the degradation of dihydrouracil and carnosine. Since neuronal uptake and neuronal receptor sensitivity to beta-alanine have been demonstrated, the compound may be a false transmitter replacing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. A rare genetic disorder, hyper-beta-alaninemia, has been reported.
Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Anticholinergic: Paralytic ileus; hyperpyrexia; urinary retention, delayed micturition, dilatation of the urinary tract; ...
She was suffering from paralytic ileus and a lung infection. She left an estate estimated at GB£250 million, which were passed ...
Paralytic ileus is commonly seen as a result of anticholinergic toxicity. This can lead to fatal colic in equids. Urinary ...
... paralytic ileus, ECG abnormalities, decreased reflex response; and in severe cases, respiratory paralysis, alkalosis, and ...
Gayatri Devi, 90, Indian royal, last Maharani of Jaipur (1939-1970), paralytic ileus. Steve Fiorilla, 48, American artist. ...
It is used in paralytic ileus and as diagnostic aid in pancreatic malfunction. It is used to induce pancreatitis in ...
Rare reports of fatal paralytic ileus associated with abdominal distention have been made. Most of these reports occurred in ... Johnson voluntarily withdrew it from the market in 1990 after 18 cases of paralytic ileus (resulting in six deaths) were ... paralytic ileus, angioedema, anaphylaxis/allergic reactions, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, erythema ...
When given with amitriptyline, other anticholinergic agents may result in hyperpyrexia or paralytic ileus. Co-administration of ...
This eventually caused a retroperitoneal abscess and paralytic ileus from which he died following operation. Creutzfeldt-Jakob ...
Other infrequent side effects include splenic infarction, bowel obstruction, paralytic ileus, and upper GI bleeding. ...
Possible increase of antimuscarinic (potentially increasing risk of paralytic ileus, among other effects) and sedative effects ... precipitation of angle closure glaucoma and the potentially fatal side effects paralytic ileus and neuroleptic malignant ...
It was the wrong approach in diseases such as e.g. dysentery, cholera and paralytic ileus. No rapid estimation of urinary ...
However, his death certificate, as published in the Wiener Zeitung, gives the cause as paralytic ileus. His family and Moll ...
Becker, K.L., Sutnick, A.I. Paralytic ileus simulating acute intestinal obstruction due to pentolinium tartrate (Ansolysen). ...
... causing mucosal bleeding and paralytic ileus. In the central nervous system, direct damage of the brain cells and disturbances ... However, paralytic use in ARDS cases remains controversial. When appropriately used, paralytics may aid successful mechanical ... Paralytic agents are not suggested for use in sepsis cases in the absence of ARDS, as a growing body of evidence points to ...
Absence of sounds may be caused by peritonitis, paralytic ileus, late-stage bowel obstruction, intestinal ischemia or other ... Return of bowel sounds indicating an end of postoperative ileus: is it time to cease this long-standing nursing tradition? ... 19 of which had bowel obstructions and 15 with an ileus) found that "Auscultation of bowel sounds is not a useful clinical ...
"Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Chewing-Gum Therapy in the Reduction of Postoperative Paralytic Ileus Following ... Several randomized controlled studies have investigated the use of chewing gum in reducing the duration of post-operative ileus ...
"Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Chewing-Gum Therapy in the Reduction of Postoperative Paralytic Ileus Following ...
... paralytic ileus. If kidney impairment occurs as a result, manifestations can include increased urination, urination at night, ...
Urinary retention, decreased gastrointestinal motility (paralytic ileus), hyperthermia (or hypothermia), hypertension, dilated ... even ileus (rarely), difficulties in urinating, sweating, precipitation of glaucoma Antiadrenergic: Low blood pressure, (if ...
Systematic review and meta-analysis of chewing-gum therapy in the reduction of postoperative paralytic ileus following ... Medical uses for 'functional chewing gum' include a reported reduction in the duration of post-operative ileus following ...
... including paralytic ileus). It is also contraindicated in patients that have experienced hypersensitivity to hydrocodone, ...
Symptoms include muscle weakness and cramps, paralytic ileus, ECG abnormalities, intestinal paralysis, decreased reflex ...
Paralytic ileus. *Volvulus. *Hernia. *Intussusception. *Adhesions. *Obstruction from external pressure. *Obstruction by masses ...
... measures to prevent constipation are especially important given the risk of paralytic ileus. Side effects include dry mouth and ...
... paralytic ileus, myocarditis and cor pulmonale. Between 25 percent and 50 percent of individuals who have recovered from ... The molecular mechanisms by which poliovirus causes paralytic disease are poorly understood. Early symptoms of paralytic polio ... Paralytic poliomyelitis may be clinically suspected in individuals experiencing acute onset of flaccid paralysis in one or more ... Small localized paralytic polio epidemics began to appear in Europe and the United States around 1900. Outbreaks reached ...
The immediate cause of death is thought to have been severe paralytic ileus, which developed either as a result of the surgery ...
... paralytic ileus, bowel obstruction, acute megacolon, ischemia or necrosis. Colonic hypomotility has been shown to occur in up ...
Hematological changes Paralytic ileus Neoplasms Skin lesions Café au lait spots Allergic diseases (allergic asthma, rhinitis, ...
Acute delirium Untreated narrow-angle glaucoma Benign prostatic hyperplasia with residual urinary retention Paralytic ileus Pre ...
Many different bacteria and viruses can cause conjunctivitis in the neonate. The two most common causes are N. gonorrheae and Chlamydia acquired from the birth canal during delivery. Ophthalmia neonatorum due to gonococci (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) typically manifests in the first five days post birth and is associated with marked bilateral purulent discharge and local inflammation. In contrast, conjunctivitis secondary to infection with chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) produces conjunctivitis after day three post birth, but may occur up to two weeks after delivery. The discharge is usually more watery in nature (mucopurulent) and less inflamed. Babies infected with chlamydia may develop pneumonitis (chest infection) at a later stage (range 2 weeks - 19 weeks after delivery). Infants with chlamydia pneumonitis should be treated with oral erythromycin for 10-14 days.[6] Other agents causing ophthalmia neonatorum include Herpes simplex virus (HSV 2), Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus ...
소장의 마비는 마비성 장폐색 (paralytic ileus)이라고 하는데, 완전 마비일 필요는 없으나 내용물이 이동하지 못해 장 폐색을 일으킬 정도로 운동 기능이 저하되어있어야한다. 마비성 장폐색은 특정 수술 후에 흔하게 ... Systematic review and meta-analysis of chewing-gum therapy in the reduction of postoperative paralytic ileus following ... 장폐색증 또는 창자막힘증 (Ileus)은 위장관 (gastrointestinal tract)의 정상 운동 기능에 장애가 온 것을 뜻한다. 때로는 장마비라고 한다. ... Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. 8/e. Elsevier Saunders, 2006.. *↑ Kitabchi, AE, Umpierrez, GE, Murphy, MB, et al. Management ...
... causing mucosal bleeding and paralytic ileus. In the central nervous system, direct damage of the brain cells and disturbances ... paralytic use in ARDS cases remains controversial. When appropriately used, paralytics may aid successful mechanical ... Paralytic agents are not suggested for use in sepsis cases in the absence of ARDS, as a growing body of evidence points to ...
A paralytic phase can follow if ischemia continues; in this phase, the abdominal pain becomes more widespread, the belly ...
... paralytic ileus, myocarditis and cor pulmonale.[43][73] ... 2% of paralytic cases The term "poliomyelitis" is used to ... "The decade of the last recorded case of paralytic polio by country". Our World in Data. Retrieved 4 March 2020.. ... Small localized paralytic polio epidemics began to appear in Europe and the United States around 1900.[144] Outbreaks reached ... Residual complications of paralytic polio often occur following the initial recovery process.[13] Muscle paresis and paralysis ...
Restlessness Excitement Insomnia Hypomania Nightmares Peripheral neuropathy Ataxia Incoordination Seizures Paralytic ileus ...
Urinary retention Nasal congestion Nausea Obstipation Arrhythmias Skin pigmentation Glycosuria Hypoglycaemia Paralytic ileus ...
stomatitis (ulceration of the lips, tongue, oral cavity) nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, paralytic ileus, urinary ...
... paralytic ileus, increased appetite, cramps, epigastric distress, jaundice, hepatitis, stomatitis, constipation, taste change ...
Paralytic ileus is a common side effect of some types of surgery, commonly called postsurgical ileus. It can also result from ... Paralytic ileus causes constipation and bloating. On listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope, no bowel sounds are heard ... Paralysis of the intestine is often termed paralytic ileus, in which the intestinal paralysis need not be complete, but it must ... Several options are available in the case of paralytic ileus. Most treatment is supportive. If caused by medication, the ...
Specific conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, paralytic ileus, gastroparesis, diabetes, ... Spinal cord injury is a common cause of constipation, due to ileus. Manual removal of a fecal impaction is often required with ...
paralytic ileus was found in Tabers Online. Tabers Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary Online + App from F.A. Davis and Unbound ...
He was diagnosed to have advanced paralytic ileus secondary to generalized ... Some degree of paralytic ileus occurs after every laparotomy. Its etiology is complex. This includes:. sympathetic over action ... Paralytic ileus, which persists for more than 48 hours post-operatively, probably has some other etiological factor present. In ... He was diagnosed to have advanced paralytic ileus secondary to generalized peritonitis (login to see figure 1). The best ...
The ileus was improved by treatment with ivermectin and there has not been a recurrence of the symptoms within the last two ... We report a rare case of a patient with ileus due to Strongyloides infection that occurred four times within a six-month period ... f Paralytic ileus due to strongyloidiasis: case report and review of the literature. * D Nonaka, K Takaki, M Tanaka, M Umeno, T ... The ileus was improved by treatment with ivermectin and there has not been a recurrence of the symptoms within the last two ...
If paralysis merges into a prolonged ileus state, it causes significant morbidity... ... Odds ratio for prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus in patients with defunctioning loop ileostomy was estimated by a ... Primary endpoint was the rate of prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus, defined by the intravenous administration of ... Protective loop ileostomy increases the risk for prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus after open oncologic rectal resection ...
In the present study, we investigated the possible role of the endocannabinoid system in the pathogenesis of paralytic ileus, a ... The endocannabinoid system and the molecular basis of paralytic ileus in mice ... The endocannabinoid system and the molecular basis of paralytic ileus in mice. FASEB Journal, (doi:10.1096/fj.02-0338fje) (PMID ... it can be concluded that the intestinal hypomotility typical of paralytic ileus is due, at least in part, to the enhancement of ...
... spastic ileus, hypotonic ileus, mechanical ileus and paralytic ileus) are presented. ... In this paper serial plain abdominal film findings related to the different types of ileus ( ... hypotonic ileus, mechanical ileus and paralytic ileus.}, author={Roberto Felice Grassi and Roberto Di Mizio and Ant{\o}nio ... hypotonic ileus, mechanical ileus and paralytic ileus.. @article{Grassi2004SerialPA, title={Serial plain abdominal film ...
On examination he had generalized lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and paralytic ileus. Investigation revealed hypercalcemic ... he succumbed to the illness in a week.Keywords paralytic ileus, hypercalcemic crisis, adult T cell leukemia, human T cell ... Hypercalcemic crisis due to adult T cell leukemia: a rare cause of paralytic ileus (EN) ... On examination he had generalized lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and paralytic ileus. Investigation revealed hypercalcemic ...
Paralytic ileus. Paralytic ileus is a form of postoperative ileus that lasts longer than five days after surgery. It represents ... Other types of ileus also exist, for example meconium and gallstone ileus, however they are considered misnomers due to the ... Among them, hyponatremia could be a significant correlate for prolonged ileus.. A distinction between postoperative ileus and ... Ileus can be observed in all parts of the gastrointestinal tract - from stomach to the terminal colon. Principal mediators in ...
In most of the cases, paralytic ileus is a side effect of an abdominal surgery, but there are other causes of this condition ... Know the causes, symptoms, treatment, risk factors and complications of Paralytic ileus. ... Paralytic ileus is a condition where there is lack of peristalsis in the intestine without actual mechanical obstruction. ... What is Paralytic Ileus & How is it Treated?,Causes, Symptoms, Complications of Paralytic Ileus. Reviewed By:. Pramod Kerkar, M ...
Paralytic ileus is a severe condition that requires immediate medical treatment. In most cases, the use of OTC laxatives will ... Paralytic ileus describes a medical condition affecting the intestines. The intestines are a part of the gastrointestinal tract ... When any portion of this system experiences a partial or complete blockage, it can result in the onset of paralytic ileus. As a ... In some cases, a severe infection that results in the onset of gastroenteritis may also start the beginning of paralytic ileus ...
Paralytic Ileus Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Congestive Heart Failure. Check the full list of possible causes and ... 2015/16 ICD-10-CM K56.0 Paralytic ileus Or: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM K56.7 Ileus, unspecified Approximate Synonyms Ileus Ileus [ ... ileus and intestinal obstruction without hernia K56.0 Paralytic ileus K56.1 Intussusception K56.3 Gallstone ileus K56.4 Other ... Paralytic ileus is a common problem in trauma patients. We present two cases of ileus leading to septicemia. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ...
Paralytic Ileus Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Check the full list of possible causes ... Ischemia of the intestine also rapidly inhibits motility and paralytic ileus results. Paralytic ileus is commonly a concomitant ... Paralytic ileus is a common problem in trauma patients. We present two cases of ileus leading to septicemia. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ... Owing to paralytic ileus and high gastric residual volumes with severe hiccups, enteral nutrition was not tolerated. [nejm.org] ...
Paralytic ileus is a medical term that describes a temporary and sometimes painful lack of mobility in the intestinal tract. ... One of the first symptoms to show up related to the onset of paralytic ileus is an increase in cramping and stomach pain. The ... Patients who experience the onset of paralytic ileus find that their food does not move through the digestive system in a usual ... In many cases, the onset of paralytic ileus is a dangerous situation that requires immediate medical attention. If left ...
Prolonged post operative paralytic ileus means:. - No return of bowel movements ( on auscultation ) after 72 hours. - Absence ... On the other hand, post operative ileus due to mechanical obstruction, inspite of sharing many signs and symptoms, is an ...
Paralytic ileus associated with combined atypical antipsychotic therapy. / Dome, Peter; Teleki, Zsofia; Kotanyi, Reka. ... Dome P, Teleki Z, Kotanyi R. Paralytic ileus associated with combined atypical antipsychotic therapy. Progress in Neuro- ... Paralytic ileus associated with combined atypical antipsychotic therapy. In: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and ... Dome, P, Teleki, Z & Kotanyi, R 2007, Paralytic ileus associated with combined atypical antipsychotic therapy, Progress in ...
A broad discussion on the overall usage and impact of PET/CT over the past decade, including the technical advances of PET/CT scanners, with a focus on digital technology. Attendees will better understand the clinical use over the past few years, and learn about additional radiotracers expected to be available in the near future and hear about the indications, pharmacology, efficacy and imaging of the various newer PET radiotracers.. ...
Paralytic Ileus. Paralysis of the intestine. To be termed "paralytic ileus," the intestinal paralysis need not be complete, but ... Some mechanical obstructions are misnomers, such as gallstone ileus and meconium ileus, and are not true examples of ileus by ... Paralytic ileus is a common side effect of some types of surgery. It can also result from certain drugs and from various ... Paralytic ileus causes constipation and bloating. On listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope, no bowel sounds are heard ...
Anticholinergic: Paralytic ileus; hyperpyrexia; urinary retention, delayed micturition, dilatation of the urinary tract; ...
Paralytic ileus is a medical term for cessation of bowel motion. We look at a recent study discussing this complication in ... "Paralytic ileus" is a medical term for cessation of bowel motion. And thats a problem, because our bowels love motion! They are ... Paralytic ileus is most commonly seen after Spine Surgery (about 3.5% of lumbar spine cases) or after Total Hip Replacement ... There are a few ways to treat a paralytic ileus. Studies (see article) have shown that chewing gun can actually stimulate your ...
Ileus (Paralytic Ileus; Adynamic Ileus; Paresis). By Parswa Ansari, MD, Program Director, Department of Surgery, Lenox Hill ... In postoperative ileus, however, gas may accumulate more in the colon than in the small bowel. Postoperative accumulation of ... Ileus is a temporary arrest of intestinal peristalsis. It occurs most commonly after abdominal surgery, particularly when the ... Treatment of ileus involves continuous nasogastric suction, npo status, IV fluids and electrolytes, a minimal amount of ...
Paralytic ileus; Intestinal volvulus; Bowel obstruction; Ileus; Pseudo-obstruction - intestinal; Colonic ileus; Small bowel ... Paralytic ileus, also called pseudo-obstruction, is one of the major causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and children. ... In a newborn, paralytic ileus that destroys the bowel wall (necrotizing enterocolitis) is a life-threatening condition. It may ... Ileus, a condition in which the bowel does not work correctly, but there is no structural problem causing it ...
How long does paralytic ileus last before it creates problems? Nicmulgrew On 19 March my husband had his large bowel removed ...
Paralytic ileus. *Volvulus. *Hernia. *Intussusception. *Adhesions. *Obstruction from external pressure. *Obstruction by masses ...
... and so a paralytic ileus. Paralytic ileus is probably a rare complication of capecitabine, but the oncologist should take it ... and so a paralytic ileus. Paralytic ileus is probably a rare complication of capecitabine, but the oncologist should take it ... Paralytic ileus (or adynamic ileus) refers to a lack of passage of intestinal contents due to disturbances of normal intestinal ... Paralytic ileus (or adynamic ileus) refers to a lack of passage of intestinal contents due to disturbances of normal intestinal ...
Paralytic ileus is a common side effect of some types of surgery, commonly called postsurgical ileus. It can also result from ... Paralytic ileus causes constipation and bloating. On listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope, no bowel sounds are heard ... Paralysis of the intestine is often termed paralytic ileus, in which the intestinal paralysis need not be complete, but it must ... Several options are available in the case of paralytic ileus. Most treatment is supportive. If caused by medication, the ...
Paralytic ileus. Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel. The contents of the intestine cannot ... Temporary paralysis (freezing up) of the bowel ( paralytic ileus ) Paralysis. Muscle function loss is when a muscle does not ...
Paralytic ileus. *Pseudo-obstruction of intestine. *Pseudointestinal obstruction syndrome. *Pseudoobstructive syndrome. ...
Gastrointestinal: paralytic ileus. Dermatologic: erythema nodosum, hair loss. What drugs interact with Meclofenamate sodium?. ...
  • In the absence of any evidence of mechanical obstruction or infection, prolonged stubborn ileus is occasionally treated pharmacologically by means of guanethidine in order to block sympathetic inhibition of the intestine, this is followed by parasympathetic stimulation, either with a cholinergic agent (bethanecol chloride) or an anticholinesterase drug (e.g. (valuemd.com)
  • A distinction between postoperative ileus and mechanical small-bowel obstruction is sometimes difficult and confusing. (news-medical.net)
  • Other types of ileus also exist, for example meconium and gallstone ileus, however they are considered misnomers due to the mechanical obstruction in their pathogenesis. (news-medical.net)
  • Gallstone ileus is characterized by occlusion of the intestinal lumen as a result of one or more gallstones, whereby meconium ileus represents the obstruction of the terminal ileum by abnormally tenacious stool of a newborn baby. (news-medical.net)
  • Ileus is a medical term used to describe a condition characterised by lack of these movements in the intestine, leading to food build up in the digestive tract along with obstruction. (epainassist.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is a condition where there is lack of peristalsis in the intestine without actual mechanical obstruction. (epainassist.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is a serious medical concern, and can lead to intestinal obstruction which may restrict the movement of solid, liquid and gas through the intestine. (epainassist.com)
  • Non-mechanical obstruction is the result of a non - functional small intestine, a condition also known as paralytic ileus . (symptoma.com)
  • Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. (thefullwiki.org)
  • On the other hand, post operative ileus due to mechanical obstruction , inspite of sharing many signs and symptoms, is an important differential to exclude. (medicowesome.com)
  • The most essential task is to distinguish ileus from intestinal obstruction . (merckmanuals.com)
  • Paralytic ileus, also called pseudo-obstruction, is one of the major causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and children. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Paralytic ileus (or adynamic ileus) refers to a lack of passage of intestinal contents due to disturbances of normal intestinal motility, in absense of mechanical obstruction. (unicam.it)
  • Symptoms of ileus include, but are not limited to: moderate to severe, diffuse abdominal pain constipation abdominal distension nausea/vomiting, especially after meals vomiting of bilious fluid lack of bowel movement and/or flatulence excessive belching Decreased propulsive ability may be broadly classified as caused either by bowel obstruction or intestinal atony or paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ileus is a cause of colic in horses due to functional obstruction of the intestines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike mechanical obstruction, non-mechanical obstruction, called ileus or paralytic ileus, occurs because peristalsis stops. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Barium studies are used in cases of mechanical obstruction, but may cause problems by increasing pressure or intestinal contents if used in ileus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • By contrast, non-mechanical obstruction, called ileus, occurs because the rhythmic contractions that move material through the bowel (called peristalsis) stop. (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to some estimates , ileus or other bowel obstruction is the second most common cause for readmission to the hospital within the first month following surgery. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An ileus and an intestinal obstruction have similarities, but an ileus results from muscle or nerve problems that stop peristalsis while an obstruction is a physical blockage in the digestive tract. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • True ileus is a form of intestinal obstruction caused by non-mechanical obstructive factors such as peritoneal infection , metabolic disturbances, and blood supply disruption to the abdomen during surgeries. (biology-online.org)
  • Known or suspected gastrointestinal obstruction, including paralytic ileus. (fda.gov)
  • Pathophysiology of pathologic prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus remains multifactorial. (springer.com)
  • Primary endpoint was the rate of prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus, defined by the intravenous administration of neostigmine. (springer.com)
  • Odds ratio for prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus in patients with defunctioning loop ileostomy was estimated by a logistic regression model. (springer.com)
  • Logistic regression analysis proves the influence of a defunctioning ileostomy on the development of prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus after oncologic rectal resection ( p = 0.047). (springer.com)
  • Odds ratio for prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus in patients with ileostomy was 4.96 [95% CI 1.02-24.03]. (springer.com)
  • 72 hours after surgery and (2) time to occurrence of postoperative paralytic ileus. (elsevier.com)
  • Context Postoperative paralytic ileus (POI) has profound clinical consequences because it represents a substantial burden on both patients and health care resources. (uthscsa.edu)
  • To be termed "paralytic ileus," the intestinal paralysis need not be complete, but it must be sufficient to prohibit the passage of food through the intestine and lead to intestinal blockage. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Ileus is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ileus is a partial or complete non-mechanical blockage of the small and/or large intestine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Infants with cystic fibrosis are more likely to experience meconium ileus (a dark green material in the intestine). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When a doctor listens with a stethoscope to the abdomen of a child suffering from ileus, there will be few or no bowel sounds, indicating that the intestine has stopped functioning. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Imaging tests help locate an ileus by highlighting abnormalities in the intestine, such as a buildup of gas or an enlargement of the intestine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Ileus was induced by i.p. administration of acetic acid, and gastrointestinal propulsion was assessed by the charcoal method. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Acetic acid administration inhibited gastrointestinal transit (ileus), and this effect was accompanied by increased levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide compared with control mice and by overexpression of CB1 receptors in myenteric nerves. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Postoperative ileus represents an abnormal pattern of coordinated gastrointestinal motility that frequently occurs after abdominal surgery. (news-medical.net)
  • Nevertheless, recovery of large bowel function is much less predictable when compared to other parts of the gastrointestinal tract, thus clinicians use endpoints such as the passage of stool and flatus as indicators of clinical resolution of ileus. (news-medical.net)
  • Ileus can be observed in all parts of the gastrointestinal tract - from stomach to the terminal colon. (news-medical.net)
  • Principal mediators in the etiology of postoperative ileus are inflammatory cell activation, agonism at opiod-receptors in the gut, autonomic dysfunction and modulation of gastrointestinal hormone activity. (news-medical.net)
  • There is also evidence from a systematic review of randomized controlled trials that chewing gum, as a form of 'sham feeding', may stimulate gastrointestinal motility in the post-operative period and reduce the duration of postoperative ileus. (wikipedia.org)
  • or if you have a gastrointestinal problem called paralytic ileus. (findlaw.com)
  • Some mechanical obstructions are misnomers, such as gallstone ileus and meconium ileus , and are not true examples of ileus by the classic definition [ 4 ] . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Meconium ileus accounts for 9 - 33 percent of bowel obstructions in newborns. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the established case of paralytic ileus, continuous nasogastric suction is employed to remove swallowed air and prevent gaseous distention. (valuemd.com)
  • There are several options in the case of paralytic ileus. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Several options are available in the case of paralytic ileus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japan-PD Investigators 2016, ' Evaluation of the efficacy of daikenchuto (TJ -100) for the prevention of paralytic ileus after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial ', Surgery (United States) , vol. 159, no. 5, pp. 1333-1341. (elsevier.com)
  • Ileus is a temporary arrest of intestinal peristalsis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Handling the bowel during abdominal surgery can also cause peristalsis to stop, so people who have had abdominal surgery are more likely to experience ileus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When an ileus occurs, it stops peristalsis and prevents the passage of food particles, gas, and liquids through the digestive tract. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Serial plain abdominal film findings in the assessment of acute abdomen: spastic ileus, hypotonic ileus, mechanical ileus and paralytic ileus. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Ileus is a term used to describe functional, non-mechanical inhibition of propulsive bowel activity, regardless of pathologic mechanism underneath. (news-medical.net)
  • Treatment of ileus involves continuous nasogastric suction, npo status, IV fluids and electrolytes, a minimal amount of sedatives, and avoidance of opioids and anticholinergic drugs. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Therefore, a side effect of narcotics is that our bowels slow down, creating constipation, and ileus in some cases. (bonetalks.com)
  • The ileus was improved by treatment with ivermectin and there has not been a recurrence of the symptoms within the last two years. (ajtmh.org)
  • One of the first symptoms to show up related to the onset of paralytic ileus is an increase in cramping and stomach pain. (simplyhealth.today)
  • A healthcare professional should be contacted if a child experiences persistent abdominal distention, is unable to have normal bowel movements, or exhibits other symptoms of ileus. (encyclopedia.com)
  • To diagnose an ileus, a doctor will first ask about symptoms and take a full medical history. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Other possible presenting symptoms include paralytic ileus and occult sepsis. (nih.gov)
  • Paralytic ileus is a severe condition that requires immediate medical treatment. (simplyhealth.today)
  • If the patient does not receive prompt treatment for their condition, the paralytic ileus may cause other severe intestinal disorders that threaten the life of the affected individual. (simplyhealth.today)
  • In some cases, a severe infection that results in the onset of gastroenteritis may also start the beginning of paralytic ileus. (simplyhealth.today)
  • This is a severe condition because, if left untreated, an ileus can cut off blood supply to the intestines and cause tissue death. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • How long from post op paralytic ileus to severe stomach distension? (healthtap.com)
  • Millan M, Biondo S, Fraccalvieri D, Frago R, Golda T, Kreisler E (2012) Risk factors for prolonged postoperative ileus after colorectal cancer surgery. (springer.com)
  • In the present study, we investigated the possible role of the endocannabinoid system in the pathogenesis of paralytic ileus, a pathological state consisting of decreased intestinal motility following peritonitis, surgery, or other noxious situations. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Paralytic ileus is a form of postoperative ileus that lasts longer than five days after surgery. (news-medical.net)
  • The most common cause of paralytic ileus is side effect of medication prescribed after an abdominal surgery, as these medications may slow down the normal intestinal movement. (epainassist.com)
  • It has been noted that paralytic ileus is the second most common reason for hospital readmission within 30 days after a surgery, especially abdominal surgery. (epainassist.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is a common side effect of some types of surgery. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Paralytic ileus may be caused by surgery, inflammation, and certain drugs. (windsongwny.com)
  • Paralytic ileus can be caused by orthopedic injuries, orthopedic surgeries, or pain medication after surgery or after injury. (bonetalks.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is most commonly seen after Spine Surgery (about 3.5% of lumbar spine cases) or after Total Hip Replacement Surgery, but is also commonly see after traumatic injuries like a broken hip ( see talk ) or pelvis. (bonetalks.com)
  • When ileus results from abdominal surgery the condition is often temporary and usually lasts only 48-72 hours. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ileus sometimes occurs as a complication of surgery on other parts of the body, including joint replacement or chest surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Following abdominal surgery, uncomplicated cases of ileus can be managed by minimizing the amount of food the patient consumes, ensuring adequate fluid intake, and correcting any electrolyte disturbances such as low potassium. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Following extensive abdominal surgery for the treatment of endometrial or ovarian cancer, paralytic ileus frequently develops. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • An ileus most commonly occurs after abdominal or pelvic surgery. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • He was diagnosed to have advanced paralytic ileus secondary to generalized peritonitis (login to see figure 1). (valuemd.com)
  • In older children, paralytic ileus may be due to bacterial, viral, or food poisoning (gastroenteritis), which is sometimes associated with secondary peritonitis and appendicitis. (aarp.org)
  • An abdominal X-ray may show some obstructions, but they do not always show up an ileus or other intestinal problem. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For partial obstructions or an ileus, it may be possible to treat by simply resting the bowels and giving intravenous (IV) fluids. (healthline.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is probably a rare complication of capecitabine, but the oncologist should take it into careful consideration, because of his possible seriousness and because a suitable management of early signs of abdominal distension (with nasogastric suction and/or rectal tube, i.v. infusion of fluids and electrolytes, etc.) can avoid a unnecessary operative treatment. (unicam.it)
  • This procedure can resolve an ileus caused by intussusception in some children. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Heart disease and certain chemotherapy drugs, such as vinblastine (Velban, Velsar) and vincristine (Oncovin, Vincasar PES, Vincrex), also can cause ileus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Some degree of paralytic ileus occurs after every laparotomy. (valuemd.com)
  • An ileus occurs when the intestines do not move food through in the normal way. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Perioperative electrolyte disturbances could also have a pivotal role in the etiology of an ileus. (news-medical.net)
  • Well-described effects of electrolyte variations on gut motility support this hypothesis, and it was demonstrated that such disturbances are often visible during an episode of prolonged postoperative ileus. (news-medical.net)
  • A nasogastric tube (NGT) may be inserted for a week or two to drain the contents of the stomach especially with paralytic ileus . (symptoma.com)
  • The patient did not receive other medication that could cause depression of intestinal motility than the above-mentioned combination of antipsychotics and no other etiology could be found for the ileus. (elsevier.com)
  • When any portion of this system experiences a partial or complete blockage, it can result in the onset of paralytic ileus. (simplyhealth.today)
  • Paralytic ileus describes a medical condition affecting the intestines. (simplyhealth.today)
  • Ileus is a temporary and often painful lack of movement in the intestines. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, a type of ileus known as paralytic ileus can cause a physical block due to a buildup of food in the intestines. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These scans are more likely to highlight an ileus because they show the intestines from different angles. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Eventually patience is rewarded and recovery from the ileus will occur unless it is secondary to some underlying cause, such as infection. (valuemd.com)
  • A contrast-enhanced CT may help differentiate between the two and suggest an underlying cause of the ileus. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Among them, hyponatremia could be a significant correlate for prolonged ileus. (news-medical.net)
  • It also involves listening for bowel sounds with a stethoscope, which is often absent in case of positive cases of paralytic ileus. (epainassist.com)
  • Paralytic ileus is a medical term that describes a temporary and sometimes painful lack of mobility in the intestinal tract. (simplyhealth.today)
  • Patients who experience the onset of paralytic ileus find that their food does not move through the digestive system in a usual manner. (simplyhealth.today)
  • We present two clinical cases related to patients with breast cancer and admitted with paralytic ileus following treatment with capacitabine in local Lanciano Hospital. (unicam.it)
  • Full-blown dissemination is the severest form of dissemination and hyperinfection, referring to patients with paralytic ileus and pneumonia caused by enteric organisms, as well as either sepsis or meningitis caused by enteric organisms. (cdc.gov)
  • Diagnosis and management of paralytic ileus is done by an experienced gastroenterologist. (epainassist.com)
  • The study will measure pre-anaesthetic, post-anaesthetic, immediately post-operatively and two further post-operative serum cytokines levels and compare them with the pneumoperitoneal pressures required intra-operatively and the outcome of whether a clinical diagnosis of paralytic ileus was made. (ironsift.com)
  • Absent or excessive bowel noises suggest an ileus, although imaging tests are usually required to confirm a diagnosis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In a newborn, paralytic ileus that destroys the bowel wall (necrotizing enterocolitis) is a life-threatening condition. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In the newborn, paralytic ileus that is associated with destruction of the bowel wall (necrotizing enterocolitis) is life-threatening and may lead to blood and lung infections. (aarp.org)
  • The most common symptom of paralytic ileus is extreme abdominal discomfort and distension with minimal pain. (epainassist.com)