Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Propaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Consumer Product SafetyTobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.SmokeFinancial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Tars: Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Menthol: An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.United StatesProduct Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Architectural Accessibility: Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Confusion: A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Commonwealth of Independent StatesConsultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Respiratory Rate: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.RestaurantsMarketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.CaliforniaAdolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Wheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Organizational Affiliation: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.ArgentinaPneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.IndiaWorkplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.MinnesotaPlants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Adrenomedullin: A 52-amino acid peptide with multi-functions. It was originally isolated from PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA and ADRENAL MEDULLA but is widely distributed throughout the body including lung and kidney tissues. Besides controlling fluid-electrolyte homeostasis, adrenomedullin is a potent vasodilator and can inhibit pituitary ACTH secretion.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.MassachusettsDisclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
"Tobacco Industry Attempts to Counter the World Bank Report Curbing the Epidemic and Obstruct the WHO Framework Convention on ... List of smoking bans Tobacco control Tobacco Damages and Health Care Costs Recovery Act Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in ... As the leading cause of preventable death globally, tobacco has seen an upsurge in both its consumption and its fatality rate ... Brandt, Allan M. The Cigarette Century: the Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product That Defined America. New York: ...
Health effects of tobacco
"Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease: an analysis controlling for tobacco industry affiliation". Journal ... Tobacco use is the single greatest cause of preventable death globally. As many as half of people who use tobacco die from ... Lederle FA, Larson JC, Margolis KL, Allison MA, Freiberg MS, Cochrane BB, Graettinger WF, Curb JD (October 2008). "Abdominal ... Tobacco packaging warning messages. *WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. *Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in ...
Tobacco firms used the fight against HIV/AIDS as a smokescreen to hinder tobacco control efforts in developing countries, researchers have revealed.. Big tobacco companies lobbied for funding and initiatives to combat AIDS to distract from the health problems caused by smoking and prevent regulations restricting tobacco use, a paper says.. "In both Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, Philip Morris and British American Tobacco championed the AIDS response in order to delegitimize efforts to develop the World Health Organizations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control," says the paper published in the Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS on 29 March. The convention was eventually adopted in 2003.. "Transnational tobacco companies aimed to generate competition between the two health issues for resources and policy attention to protect their interests from stronger regulation," the authors ...
Global Health Governance and the Commercial Sector: A Documentary Analysis of Tobacco Company Strategies to Influence the WHO...
Heide Weishaar and colleagues did an analysis of internal tobacco industry documents together with other data and describe the industrys strategic response to the proposed World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Today marks World No Tobacco Day, organized by the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The website of the World Health Organization has a database of images and graphic warnings-catalogued by disease and country-that vividly illustrate the potential health consequences of using tobacco. The site is continually updated.. Below are some examples of health effects images from several countries. Note before you click-many of the images are disturbing.. ...
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) is an influential, under-the-radar organization that facilitates collaboration between many of the most powerful corporations in America and state-level legislative representatives. Elected officials then introduce legislation approved by corporations in state houses across the U.S., without disclosing that the bills were pre-approved by corporations on ALEC task forces. ALEC has had a long relationship with the tobacco industry. To explore this relationship, we studied publicly-available tobacco industry documents found in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), an electronic archive created by the University of California San Francisco that contains 70+ million pages of previously-secret, internal tobacco industry documents obtained in the discovery phases of the 46 state attorneys general lawsuits against the tobacco ...
The release of over 27 million pages of internal tobacco industry documents as a result of discovery processes in The State of Minnesota and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota versus Philip Morriset al and other legal cases has provided tobacco control researchers and advocates with unprecedented opportunities to understand more about the inner workings of the industry. Documents are available for public viewing at the Minnesota Tobacco Document Depository, which opened in Minneapolis in 1998, at the Guildford Document Depository in Guildford, England, and on the world wide web, accessible through http://www.TobaccoArchives.com/ and other sites. In addition, through websites, users can get access to documents produced under the state litigation in Washington, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas, and selections from the British American Tobacco documents housed at Guildford, UK. (see "other ...
Corporate Social Responsibility can bring real business benefits by reducing risk, by enhancing brand value, by opening doors and creating good will, and by improving staff efficiency and morale. Nevertheless, there remains a protracted debate about the legitimacy and value of corporate responses to CSR concerns. Knowledge about the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on corporate financial performance contributes to the debate about whether managers systematically miss profit opportunities if they decide against it. There are different views about a firms role in society and disagreements as to whether wealth maximization should be the sole goal of a corporation. Using extensive data over a time period, this study will explore and test the sign of the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to examine whether Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) announcements or events, have any effect on a firms ...
World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland WHO FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL World Health Organization 2003 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
WHO's Framework Convention On Tobacco Control Meeting Must Carefully Consider Action On E-Cigarettes | The Henry J. Kaiser...
Clive Bates, public heath commentator and former head of Action on Smoking and Health in the United Kingdom, and Sally Satel, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. "…This week, India is hosting a major meeting focusing on the WHOs Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), a landmark 2003 global treaty on tobacco control. The most controversial issue under discussion will be the treatment of electronic cigarettes. The debate could not be more polarized. … Faced with … dueling reports [on the potential risks and benefits of electronic cigarettes], what should delegates at the FCTC meeting actually do? … Regulations that make electronic cigarettes less accessible, less palatable, more expensive, less consumer friendly, and less satisfying, or that slow down innovation, will tilt the market back in favor of tobacco cigarettes. If that happens, the result will be more ...
Corporate social responsibility planning officer Jobs - Corporate social responsibility planning officer Job Vacancy - Monster...
Apply to 114 Corporate social responsibility planning officer Jobs on Monster.com.hk, Hong Kongs Best Online Job Portal. Find Latest Corporate social responsibility planning officer Job vacancies for Freshers & Experienced across Top Companies.
latest releases: ✓ British American Tobacco Named as a Diversity Leader by the Financial Times ✓ British American Tobacco Recognised Again as a Global Top Employer ✓ British American Tobacco Recognised as a Top Employer in Europe for Ninth Year Running
de Seixas Corrêa, Luiz Felipe. (2002). The framework convention on tobacco control.. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 80 (12), 924. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/268675 ...
In November 1998, four of the major cigarette manufacturers-Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, Brown & Williamson and Lorillard-settled lawsuits filed by New Mexico, 45 other states, and the District of Columbia that the State had initiated to recover a portion of the health care costs that cigarette smoking had imposed on the States. This agreement is known as the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement or MSA. Under the MSA, the settling cigarette manufacturers agree to certain prohibitions and restrictions on the marketing and advertising of their products and also agree to make annual payments to the States. Since the MSA was first executed over forty cigarette manufacturers have joined the agreement.. In connection with the MSA, the State of New Mexico enacted certain laws that regulate cigarette manufacturers who wish to sell their product in New Mexico. One key statute is located at NMSA 1978, Sections 6-4-12 ...
February 2013 - The Suriname Parliament unanimously passed comprehensive tobacco control legislation on 7 February 2013.. The Suriname Ministry of Health with the assistance of the Pan American Health Organization authored the tobacco control bill. During the Parliamentary debate, members of Parliament were presented with examples of best legislative practices from Parties to the WHO FCTC in an attempt to sensitize them about the benefits of implementing comprehensive tobacco control strategies, including those aimed at preventing exposure to tobacco smoke. The legislation will be enforced from 7 June 2013. The bill was passed despite attempts by hospitality and tobacco industry lobbyists to modify the draft legislation in order to permit designated smoking areas, exempt casinos and allow tobacco promotion.. The new act includes measures such as: ...
Tobacco advertising ban is a huge victory for public health As the Tobacco Advertising and Promotion bill reached its final stages,  ASH said the measure marked a major step forward in the campaign to reduce smoking. ASH Research Manager Amanda Sandford commented:. "This is a victory for public health. The government is to be congratulated for putting the health of the nation firmly before the commercial interests of the tobacco industry. The measure is long overdue but we are delighted that at long last the UK will be joining the growing list of countries that have banned tobacco advertising and promotion. It is an important health measure that will save around 3,000 lives a year.". Ms Sandford added that the ban will strengthen the call for international action to curb tobacco promotion.. "The ban should bolster the UKs position in the current negotiations of the WHOs Framework ...
The invisible hand: how British American Tobacco precluded competition in Uzbekistan | Tobacco Control
Background: Tobacco industry documents provide a unique opportunity to explore the role transnational corporations (TNCs) played in shaping the poor outcomes of privatisation in the former Soviet Union (FSU). This paper examines British American Tobaccos (BATs) business conduct in Uzbekistan where large-scale smuggling of BATs cigarettes, BATs reversal of tobacco control legislation and its human rights abuses of tobacco farmers have been documented previously. This paper focuses, instead, on BATs attitude to competition, compares BATs conduct with international standards and assesses its influence on the privatisation process.. Methods: Analysis of BAT documents released through litigation.. Results: BAT secured sole negotiator status precluding the Uzbekistan government from initiating discussions with other parties. Recognising that a competitive tender would greatly increase the cost of investment, BAT ...
Downloadable! The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement resolved the unprecedented litigation in which the states sought to recoup the cigarette-related Medicaid costs. The litigation was settled through a combination of negotiated regulatory requirements and financial payments of about $250 billion over 25 years. Settlement payments received by states are strongly related to smoking-related medical costs but are also related to political factors. The payments largely took the form of an excise tax equivalent, raising potential antitrust concerns. The regulatory restrictions imposed by the agreement also raised antitrust concerns. However, there has been no evident shift in industry concentration. The increase in advertising and marketing expenses has largely taken the form of price discounts. The settlement sidestepped the usual procedures pertaining to the imposition of taxes and the promulgation of new regulations.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this ...
Tobacco Industry. Tobacco Industry: The tobacco industry consists off jobs regarding to stemming tobacco and manufacturing cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, smoking tobacco, and snuff. jobs regarding to the manufacture of cigarettes from vegetable substances are also included in this description. Other job industries: ...
A Massachusetts law requiring that only fire-safe cigarettes be sold in the state reduced the number of residential fires there, a new study shows. Researchers
Corporate Social Responsibility is Well & Should be a Vital Part of Company, Trisa Thompson, VP of Corporate Responsibility,...
MUMBAI: This interview is part of an ongoing series of interviews with CSR executives world wide. As part of our Corporate Sustainability & Responsibility (CSR) interview series, Rusen Kumar & Harsha Mukherjee talked Trisa Thompson, vice president of corporate responsibility at DELL about corporate responsibility at Dell. Thanks again to Trisa Thompson for taking the time to share her vision, views and thoughts on Corporate Responsibility with INDIACSR.. She advocated that "Corporate Social Responsibility is and should be a vital part of any company.". "Corporate Social Responsibility not only ensures that companies conduct their efforts with integrity, it encourage a responsible way to do business in the marketplace. CSR is a strategic imperative that provides companies with real business value. It is something that has become increasingly important to our customers and continues to remain a business imperative for us." She added.. Below is the edited transcript of the interview. Welcome to ...
The article considers the problems of corporate social responsibility in the Republic of Kazakhstan. There are certain preconditions created for formation of corporate responsibility of businesses in the country: regulatory and legislative institutions, public-private partnership are being developed. However, involvement of the business into the social-targeted projects is not significant yet. Corporate social responsibility is only on its way to become a systemic phenomenon of the Kazakhstans society and culture. Zharkynbayeva, Roza
The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to lead the nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. For more than 3 decades, NIDA has been a leading federal agency supporting research to prevent and control tobacco use and addiction. As a steward of federal funds intended to promote the nations public health, NIDA must ensure the integrity of the science it supports. This includes actual and perceived conflicts of interest that may compromise NIDAs scientific and public health mission. The mission of the tobacco industry is not consistent with the public health mission of NIDA. Therefore, NIDA IRP investigators cannot collaborate with extramural investigators if: The collaborative project is funded, entirely or in part, with tobacco industry money or The extramural investigator or any member of the project team receives any salary support from the ...
Wiley: Managing Corporate Social Responsibility: A Communication Approach - W. Timothy Coombs, Sherry J. Holladay
W. Timothy Coombs, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Nicholson School of Communication at the University of Central Florida. He is the 2002 recipient of the Jackson, Jackson & Wagner Behavioral Science Prize from the Public Relations Society of American for his crisis research. He is author of the award-winning Ongoing Crisis Communication (1999), Todays Public Relations (with Robert Heath, 2006), and Code Red in the Boardroom: Crisis Management as Organizational DNA (2006). Sherry J. Holladay, Ph.D., is Professor at the Nicholson School of Communication at the University of Central Florida, Orlando. Dr. Holladays research interests include corporate social responsibility, crisis communication, activism, and reputation management. Her work has been widely published in journals ...
Hacks, Flacks, and Counter-Attacks: Cigarette Advertising, Sponsored Research, and Controversies - Pollay - 1997 - Journal of...
2. RICHARD W. POLLAY teaches at the University of British Columbia. His teaching interests include advertising and marketing management, dealing with corporate decisions on marketing and consumer research, and advertising strategy and implementation. He and his students consult with many regional businesses every year. His recent research on cigarette advertising has covered topics like the targeting of children, the use of public relations, ethnic targeting, self-regulation, motivation research, media choices, and managerial strategies and tactics. The History of Advertising Archives, which he curates, has North Americas largest collection of cigarette ads, and substantial documentation assembled as the Tobacco Industry Promotion Series (TIPS). This work has led to many publications and to serving as an expert witness in court, testifying on the character, functions, and management of cigarette advertising, public ...
The following releases focus on Corporate Social Responsibility and moved during the week of October 7, 2015 - October 14, 2015. VOORHEES, N.J. -- More than 2,000 American Water Employees Volunteer 5,500 Hours During Companywide Month of Service Source: American Water GAINESVILLE, Fla. -- New Dental Clinic Opens to Serve Alachua County Residents Source: United Health Foundation LOS ANGELES -- TriLinc Global Impact Fund Makes Impact Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa Source: TriLinc Global Impact Fund HAMILTON, Bermuda -- Hamilton Insurance Group Sponsors Americas Cup Endeavour Programme Source: Hamilton Insurance Group PALO ALTO, Calif. -- Injured Veterans to Cycle 516 Miles from San Francisco Bay Area to Los Angeles for 2015 UnitedHealthcare Ride 2 Recovery California Challenge Source: UnitedHealthcare
The scientists and researchers who are making the next monumental breakthrough in science today all got their start in a classroom science lab. Whether it was the first time they looked at paramecium through a microscope or the first time they mixed hydrogen peroxide with potassium iodide, something clicked inside every one of those students and made them realize that science is going to be their lifes work. We here at Fisher Science Education are extremely proud to be the one providing students with products and resources that are used in this pivotal moment in their life so whenever we come across a school or district who does not have access to the necessary funding to provide these "aha" moments, we jump at the chance to help them. Read on to see how we implemented our new corporate social responsibility program to a school district in need.. Continue reading "Dallas Students are STEM-credible with Donated Lab Safety Kits" ». ...
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What is the Value of Corporate Social Responsibility? An answer from Brazilian Sustainability Index. José Luiz Rossi Júnior -...
What is the Value of Corporate Social Responsibility? An answer from Brazilian Sustainability Index José Luiz Rossi Júnior IBMEC WORKING PAPER - WPE Copyright Ibmec São Paulo. Todos os direitos
While the amount spent on cigarette advertising and promotion decreased from $8.95 billion in 2013 to $8.49 billion in 2014, spending on advertising and promotion of smokeless tobacco products in the U.S. increased from $503.2 million in 2013 to $600.8 million in 2014, according to reports released by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on cigarette and smokeless tobacco marketing expenditures for 2014. The FTC reports also indicated a drop in the number of cigarettes sold by large cigarette companies to wholesalers and retailers-256.7 billion in 2013 to 253.8 billion in 2014.. Cigarettes. The data on cigarette manufacturers expenditures comes from special reports submitted to the FTC by the largest cigarette manufacturers through a compulsory process. Those manufacturers include: Altria Group, Inc.; Commonwealth Brands, Inc.; Lorillard, Inc.; Reynolds ...
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Still, that didnt stop me from smoking, although I wish it would have. Our good friend Dr. Siegel posted a blog explaining five reasons why the tobacco industry could offer some serious aid to electronic cigarettes.. 1.) More Resources- These resources will lead to greater exposure for electronic cigarettes. Electronic Cigarette companies dont really have the resources at this point to orchestrate a national informational campaign. A remarkable number of people still dont understand e-cigs, nor do they know the differences between them. Tobacco companies have the resources and know how to get people talking, its already happening with the recent announcements of Vuse and MarkTen.. 2.) More Studies- Considering the incredible amount of studies sponsored by the industry for regular cigarettes, we can only expect the same for the electronic version. Imagine how awesome it would ...
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Differences by Sex in Tobacco Use and Awareness of Tobacco Marketing --- Bangladesh, Thailand, and Uruguay, 2009
The majority of the worlds 1.3 billion tobacco users are men, but female use is increasing (1,2). To examine differences in tobacco use and awareness of tobacco marketing by sex, CDC and health officials in Bangladesh, Thailand, and Uruguay (among the first countries to report results) analyzed 2009 data from a newly instituted survey, the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated wide variation among the three countries in tobacco use, product types used, and marketing awareness among males and females. In Bangladesh and Thailand, use of smoked tobacco products was far greater among males (44.7% and 45.6%, respectively) than females (1.5% and 3.1%, respectively). In Uruguay, the difference was smaller (30.7% versus 19.8%). Use of smokeless tobacco products in Bangladesh was approximately the same among males (26.4%) and females ...
17 April 2012 TORONTO - The Heart and Stroke Foundation and the Canadian Cancer Society, Ontario Division applaud the introduction of legislation to eliminate the sale of flavoured tobacco products.. Ontario health agencies welcome the introduction of legislation to eliminate the sale of flavoured tobacco products designed to attract young smokers. The Private Members Bill, introduced today by Nickel Belt MPP France Gélinas, will strengthen existing regulations in the Smoke-Free Ontario Act that will further serve to eliminate the marketing of flavoured tobacco products, and prevent new tobacco products from entering the market. "The tobacco industry has found a new way to target our youth and we are grateful to Ms. Gélinas for proposing legislation that strengthens Ontarios tobacco laws and protects our young people from dangerous flavoured and new tobacco products," said ...
Involuntary (or passive) smoking is the exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) which is a mixture of exhaled mainstream smoke and side stream smoke released from a smouldering cigarette or other smoking device (cigar, pipe, bidi, etc.) and diluted with ambient air. Second-hand tobacco smoke is also referred to as "environmental" tobacco smoke (ETS). Involuntary smoking involves inhaling carcinogens and other toxic components that are present in second-hand tobacco smoke.. Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, adopted by all WHO Member States in May 2003, reads:. ...
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As the 50th anniversary of Rachel Carsons Silent Spring approaches, the purveyors of Monsanto & Cos falsehoods are out in full force. The American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) - a front group for the pesticide industry - held a briefing last week, announcing a new report extolling the virtues of pesticides to federal legislators. If this is where our decisionmakers are getting their information, were in trouble.
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Tuesday, July 7, 2015. The World Health Organisation has urged governments around the world to increase taxes on cigarettes and other tobacco products to save lives. Tobacco kills approximately 60 lakh people annually, 20% of them live in the South-East Asia region, including India. The region also accounts for 25% of the worlds smokers and almost 90% of smokeless tobacco users. Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, regional director, WHO South-East Asia Region, on Tuesday said stronger initiatives and focused cessation efforts were required. "Improved tax measures, stronger law enforcement and enhanced cessation efforts are urgently needed in the region to protect people against the ill-effects of tobacco which continues to be a major public health issue," she said. WHO released a report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2015, on Tuesday. Recent estimates show that there are about 24.6 crore smokers and 29 crore ...
Luxury Brands and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Combining the Conflicting Brand Concepts of Self-Enhancement and Self...
Some studies (Torelli, 2012) show that communicating about the self-transcendent values of CSR, and simultaneously, communicating about the self-enhancing luxury brand values, creates a motivational conflict in consumers minds. This leads to a feeling of disfluency, and in many occasions, decreased brand evaluations. Since the importance of CSR is constantly increasing, also in the luxury industry, my research aims to find out if combining these two brand concepts is possible. I am also interested in finding factors that help self-enhancement luxury brands to engage in CSR in a credible way. I am examining this phenomenon with a case, a jewelry company Tiffany & Co. During the past 18 years, they have made significant CSR improvements, and aimed to lead the industry into a more sustainable future. In my research, I want to find out how this luxury brand endeavor to become a CSR brand is portrait in the media. I present 33 news articles on Tiffanys CSR activities from the New ...
At a news conference at a Staples store in Columbia, S.C., Mitt Romney got into an argument with an Associated Press reporter over his ties to lobbyists. I dont have lobbyists running my campaign, said Romney. AP reporter Glen Johnson challenged the statement and noted that one of Romneys top advisers is Ron Kaufman, a prominent Washington lobbyist. But Romney insisted that neither Kaufman nor any other lobbyists were running his campaign because they were not paid for their work. Ron is a wonderful friend and adviser. Hes not paid. Hes an adviser, like many others. But I do not ...
Looking for a new career opportunity? Check out these public relations jobs that have come across our desk recently. Have one youd like to see listed? Just email [email protected] Academia/Government. Digital Content Manager, School of International Service, American University, Washington, DC. Director, Office of Communications & Public Engagement, Arlington County, Arlington, VA - apply by May 19. Public Relations Specialist, Boulder County Public Health (BCPH), Boulder County, CO - apply by May 17. Public Relations Manager, City of San Antonio, San Antonio, TX - apply by May 20. Public Communication Director, County of Santa Clara, San Jose, CA. Writer/Editor, Federal Railroad Administration, Washington, DC - apply by May 16. Marketing Assistant with Integrated Enrollment Marketing Communications, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA - apply by May 12. Associate, Corporate Relations, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Senior Public Engagement Coordinator, Jefferson ...
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Have you ever felt insecure in your career … A Threat from Within," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(3), 395-408. Hogan, Robert, Clinton B. …. Career Assessment Tests & Quizzes. A career assessment test helps to determine the best career option for an individual based on skills, aptitude, interest …. "Hes a big personality who is an extremely successful basketball … thats the …. you need to take a job aptitude test. These kinds of career tests can be invaluable to job seekers and established professionals alike because they show you how your personality can affect how you interact with others in a work …. Corporate Social Responsibility Interview Questions And Answers Corporate social responsibility (CSR) among small-medium enterprises … pretest interviews were conducted with two … I already know the answers to these rhetorical questions. On individual projects … ...
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The Tobacco Free Project of the San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFTFP) is one of the local lead agencies (LLAs) designated by the California State legislature through the California Department of Health, Tobacco Control Section, to create tobacco education programs and receive Proposition 99 educational moneys. Proposition 99 was a California statewide referendum passed in 1988 that raised the excise tax on tobacco sales, adding an additional 25-cent tax on each package of cigarettes and a proportional tax increase on other tobacco products. This tax raised Californias tobacco tax to be among the highest in the United States, and designated that a portion of the tax moneys would go for anti-tobacco health education projects. As an LLA, SFTFP coordinates local tobacco education activities. It serves as an oversight and regranting agency, ...
World Tuberculin Market growth patterns and regional industry research in a new 2017 report | Business
The research report on Tuberculin Industry is a compilation of opinions and observations made by market advisory professionals, investors, leaders in the supply chain, marketing providers, technical and market professionals, technology planners, and business leaders.. The Global Tuberculin Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Tuberculin industry.. "Global Tuberculin Industry 2017 Market Research Report″ is now available with eMarketOrg.com at http://emarketorg.com/pro/global-Tuberculin-industry-2017-market-research-report/. This report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Tuberculin market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions development ...
Lobbyists already chafing under the Obama administrations lobbying restrictions and congressional ethics rules could soon have a brand new headache: a nascent grass-roots movement thats placed reining in lobbyists at its center.. Spearheaded by a coalition of campaign finance experts and activists called Represent.Us, the campaign is working to build grass-roots support for a measure that would drastically limit lobbyist fundraising, among other provisions. Dubbed the American Anti-Corruption Act, the plan would also curb unrestricted super PACs and make it harder for such groups to coordinate with candidates.. "Its the boldest package of reform that weve seen maybe in a century that would change how Washington would work," said Lawrence Lessig, a professor at Harvard Law School and founder of the anti-corruption group Rootstrikers. Lessig and other Represent.Us organizers say their goal is to build public pressure outside the Beltway before taking their plan to Capitol Hill.. "The view is ...
Research published today by Irelands Office for Tobacco Control  shows that children still have a high chance of purchasing cigarettes from shops or via vending machines and are subjected to tobacco marketing in most retail outlets. The study found that two in five shop retailers and two in three licensed premises were willing to sell cigarettes to children aged under 18 years of age.. In licensed premises, 63% of minors were not prevented from buying cigarettes from a vending machine. This was almost identical to the 2007 finding of 64%.. The influence of tobacco marketing on children is particularly strong in Ireland where 80% of child smokers smoke just two brands - those that are the most heavily marketed through in-store displays.. The Irish survey found that 89% of stores surveyed had some form of tobacco advertising on display and 40% of stores had confectionery displayed beside ...
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Connecticut's Hospitality Industry Hurt by Alcohol Tax Hike; Sunday sales will give needed financial boost to Connecticut's...
Hartford - The Distilled Spirits Council today urged the members of the Connecticut Joint Committee on Revenue, Finance and Bonding to consider repealing Connecticuts Sunday alcohol sales ban as a revenue-raising alternative to the Governor M. Jodi Rells proposal to raise hospitality taxes. "A tax on alcohol is a tax on Connecticuts hospitality industry," said David Wojnar, Vice President of the Distilled Spirits Council, who will testify at todays hearing on the tax increase. "Restaurants, hotels, liquor stores and workers who depend on them will pay the price for this increase in hospitality taxes." The consumer and business-friendly solution is to allow Sunday alcohol sales. "This approach repeals Connecticuts Prohibition-era Blue Law while bringing the state as much or more revenue," Wojnar stated. "It gives consumers much greater convenience and stops the flood tide of revenue-draining cross-border sales." The passage of Sunday alcohol sales in Connecticut could generate $6.7 million ...
In May 2016, the Committee on Financial and Economic Cooperation of the GCC states amended the specific excise tax on tobacco products, making it equivalent to twice the current minimum applied on all tobacco products and its derivatives, starting 1 September 2016.37. Despite what appears as "high duty rates" (100% of the CIF), custom duties when measured as a percentage of the retail price (PRP), are in fact very low and account for just (22%) of the retail price. Even after the new excise tax was imposed in September 2016, the proportion of tax/pack was 44% of the PRP (if pack price did not increase) and lower than 44% if the tobacco industry decides to increase the pack price. The WHO recommends taxes to be no less than 70% of the retail price.38. There are several obstacles to raising custom duties on tobacco products in Oman. Multilateral and bilateral trade agreements constrain Oman as well as other GCC countries from ...
PETER ROST: PHARMA MARKETING EXPERT WITNESS. AWP, MEDICAL DEVICE EXPERT.: Declassified CIA documents reveal drug companies gave...
Peter Rost, M.D., is a former Pfizer Marketing Vice President providing services as a drug expert witness, pharmaceutical marketing expert witness, pharma marketing expert witness, drug industry expert witness, speaker and writer.
René A. Arrazola, MPH1, Linda J. Neff, PhD1, Sara M. Kennedy, MPH2, Enver Holder-Hayes, MPH3, Christopher D. Jones, PhD1 (Author affiliations at end of text). Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of disease and death in the United States, and nearly all tobacco use begins during youth and young adulthood (1,2). Among U.S. youths, cigarette smoking has declined in recent years; however, the use of some other tobacco products has increased (3), and nearly half of tobacco users use two or more tobacco products (4). CDC analyzed data from the 2013 National Youth Tobacco Survey* to determine the prevalence of ever (at least once) and current (at least 1 day in the past 30 days) use of one or more of 10 tobacco products (cigarettes, cigars, hookahs, smokeless tobacco, electronic cigarettes ...
Food Processing magazine is the market leading publication for the UK food and beverage engineering industry. Covering all aspects of automation, Food Processing provides news, analysis and information for the whole supply chain.
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Understanding tobacco policy making from local policy makers' point of view: a study of elected Arizona policy makers at the...
Understanding Tobacco Policy Making From Local Policy Makers Point of View: A study of elected Arizona policy makers at the city and county levels Merrill Eisenberg, Ph.D. Kirsten Elliott Kristie Taylor Ron Woodard Arizona Tobacco Information Network November, 2000 Funded by the Arizona Department of Health Services, Tobacco Education and Prevention Program (TEPP) Page 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Purpose Formative Research and Survey Development Identifying Policy Makers and Public Information Survey Distribution and Efforts to Increase Response Rate Confidentiality Data Analysis II. Methods A. B. C. D. E. III. Findings A. Background: Who are the Arizona Local Policy Makers? B. Sample Description C. Perceived Locus of Responsibility for Public Health and Tobacco Control D. The Salience of Tobacco Control E. Knowledge and Attitudes About Tobacco and Tobacco Policy F. Who Do You Trust? G. What ...
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Monitor the implementation of P.L. 111-31, Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. Monitor the implementation of PACT Act, (P.L. 111-154). H.R. 65, Candy Tobacco Tax Parity Act of 2011. H.R. 1639, Traditional Cigar Manufacturing and Small Business Jobs Preservation Act of 2011. S. 1461, Traditional Cigar Manufacturing and Small Business Jobs Preservation Act of 2011. H.R. 2112, Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012. Draft, Senate Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012. H.R. 2112, Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012. H.R. 3186, Smuggled Tobacco Prevention Act of 2011. S.1706, Smuggled Tobacco Prevention Act of 2011. S. 174, Healthy Lifestyles & Prevention America Act. S. 216, Food Safety Accountability Act. S. 1403, IDEA Full Funding Act. Monitor federal legislation and ...
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Snus News & Other Tobacco Products: England North West - Teenager champions fight for plain cigarette packs..
March 13, 2011 - North West England.. Anti-smoking campaigner Ayiesha Emms, 16, from Barrow. The Furness College student is fronting Smokefree North Wests campaign for plain packaging on cigarettes and removing tobacco displays from shops. Ms. Emms has joined the fight to introduce tough new measures to prevent children from taking up smoking. Anti-smoking campaigner Ayiesha Emms, 16, is fronting Smokefree North Wests campaign to remove tobacco displays and introduce plain packaging on cigarettes. (UK - Richard Branson makes high-profile plea for tobacco control measures to protect children.. ...
Online training session: Program Evaluation for Community-based Tobacco Control | Ontario Health Promotion E-Bulletin
January 27, 2011. The Program Training and Consultation Centre (PTCC), in collaboration with The Health Communication Unit (THCU), would like to invite you to an online introductory training session on Program Evaluation for Community-based Tobacco Control.. Public health practitioners working on Comprehensive Tobacco Control (CTC) will gain knowledge and develop skills to support program evaluation for CTC.. Special guest speaker, Robb MacDonald, Consultant for The Health Communication Unit (THCU), has a Masters degree in Physical Education and 15 years of consulting experience with the not-for-profit and public sectors. Robb has worked extensively with the health, literacy, environmental and employment fields, assisting regional, provincial and national organizations develop, implement and evaluate their communication and social marketing programs.. Introduction to Program Evaluation for Community-based Tobacco Control: Part 1 is an online training session ...
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Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) Market Development & Industry Challenges: Sandlerresearch.org - Industry Research Reports and Market...
MEK also known as butanone is a colorless organic solvent with a pleasant pungent odor. It is used as a solvent for multiple applications due to its outstanding chemical properties such as high viscosity, high evaporation rate, low boiling point, and high solvency. MEK is used in paints and coatings, adhesives and thinners, printing inks, pharmaceutical products, and others.. The analysts forecast global MEK market to grow at a CAGR of 4.72% over the period 2014-2019.. Covered in this Report. The report covers present scenario and the growth prospects of the global MEK market for the period 2015-2019. The market can be segmented into five based on application: paints and coatings, adhesives and thinners, printing inks, pharmaceutical products, and others.. Purchase a Copy of the Report @ http://www.sandlerresearch.org/purchase?rname=39486 ...
Chocolate, Cocoa and Sugar Confectionery Market in Argentina to 2021 | Food Industry Research | just-food
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Chocolate, Cocoa and Sugar Confectionery Market in Iran to 2021 | Food Industry Research | just-food
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Lobbyists.info is a database of 22,000 federal lobbyists, lobbying firms, organizations they lobby for plus members of Congress and Congressional staffers. Listings include contact information, legislatives issues and more.
Lobbyists.info is a database of 22,000 federal lobbyists, lobbying firms, organizations they lobby for plus members of Congress and Congressional staffers. Listings include contact information, legislatives issues and more.
For years, the government has denied that depleted uranium (DU), a radioactive toxic waste left over from nuclear fission and added to munitions used in the Persian Gulf and Iraq wars, poisoned Iraqi civilians and veterans.. But a little-known 1993 Defense Department document written by then-Brigadier Gen. Eric Shinseki, now the secretary for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), shows that the Pentagon was concerned about DU contamination and the agency had ordered medical testing on all personnel that were exposed to the toxic substance.. Shinsekis memo, under the subject line, Review of Draft to Congress - Health and Environmental Consequences of Depleted Uranium in the U.S. Army -- Action Memorandum, makes some small revisions to the details of these three orders from the DoD:. 1. Provide adequate training for personnel who may come in contact with DU contaminated equipment.. 2. Complete medical testing of all personnel exposed to DU in the Persian Gulf War.. 3. Develop a plan for DU ...
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Cigarette Taxes and Youth Smoking: New Evidence from National, State, & Local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys
Several studies have examined the effects of state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most -- but not all -- finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco. We advance the literature by using data from the 1991-2005 waves of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS), providing information on over 100,000 high school age youths. We also are the first to make use of hundreds of independently fielded state and local versions of the YRBS, reflecting data from over 750,000 youths. Importantly, these data are to our knowledge the only sources of relevant information on youth smoking that were explicitly designed to be representative of the sampled state or locality. We estimate two-way fixed effects models of the effect of state cigarette taxes on youth smoking, controlling for survey demographics and area and year fixed effects. Our most consistent finding is that -- contrary to some recent research -- the ...
Obama: Well, the fact is I dont take PAC money and I dont take lobbyists money. And the bundlers previously, Obamas policy is an ethical tightrope.. The senators official policy "specifically states that the Obama campaign does not accept donations or fundraising help from federal lobbyists or PACs," according to a campaign spokesperson. Obama, however, is sticking to a strict interpretation of his ban on lobbyist contributions. His campaign does take money from spouses of lobbyists, partners in lobbying firms who do not themselves lobby, ex-lobbyists and state lobbyists, according to numerous news reports.. Robert Wolf, COO of the Switzerland-based UBS Investment Bank and chairman of its Americas division, has raised money for Obama and encouraged his employees to make contributions, which they did, to the tune of $194,930 as of July 15. Those contributions dont violate the letter of Obamas pledge, even though UBS, like most large corporations, has lobbyists in Washington. Obama ...
Global Albendazole Drug Industry Research Report, Growth Trends and Competitive Analysis 2020-2026 - GII
Albendazole is a medication used for the treatment of a variety of parasitic worm infestations. It is useful for giardiasis, trichuriasis, filariasis, neurocysticercosis, hydatid disease, pinworm disease, and ascariasis, among others. It is taken by mouth.. In 2019, the global Albendazole Drug market size was US$ xx million and is forecast to US$ xx million in 2026, growing at a CAGR of xx% during the forecast period. In this study, 2019 has been considered as the base year and 2020 to 2026 as the forecast period to estimate the market size for Albendazole Drug.. The market research report offered here is a very useful resource that can help manufacturers, stakeholders, decision-makers, and other market participants to become familiar with every factor impacting the growth of the global Albendazole Drug market. The analysts authoring the report have closely studied key strategies adopted by top players of the global Albendazole Drug market. The report includes SWOT, and other market analyses to ...
Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2021 Market Benefits, Business Opportunities &...
Several important topics included in the Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry research report are as follows:. • Overview of Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry. • Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry Technology and Development Trend. • Research Findings and Conclusion of Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry. To sum it up, the report concludes with an all-inclusive research result on the industry chain of Drug Discovery Outsourcing Industry facilitating the market participants in making well-informed strategic decisions.. With a purpose of enlightening new entrants about the possibilities in this ...
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Citizen News Service - CNS: 85% pictorial warnings and curbing selling of tobacco in smaller packs both positive for public...
Professor (Dr) Rama Kant, WHO Director-Generals Awardee said that pictorial warnings on all tobacco products are more effective than text-only warnings, especially in countries like India with several languages and widespread illiteracy. He appealed to Government of India to go a step further from pictorial warnings to plain packaging of tobacco products. Professor (Dr) Rama Kant said that plain packaging aims to reduce the attractiveness and appeal of tobacco products, increase the noticeability and effectiveness of mandated health warnings, and reduce the ability of retail packaging to mislead consumers about the harms of smoking. Australia and Ireland are two countries that have already moved to compulsory plain packaging of all tobacco products to reduce tobacco use and also the rates of major killer non-communicable diseases, disabilities and deaths attributed to tobacco use ...
Determination of Nitrite and Nitrate in Smokeless Tobacco Products by Ion Chromatography and Continuous Flow Analysis - 2016...
In 2016, the CORESTA Smokeless Tobacco Sub-Group (STS) (now named Tobacco and Tobacco Products Analytes Sub-Group, TTPA) conducted a small scale investigational study for the determination of nitrite and nitrate in smokeless tobacco products using ion chromatography (IC) and/or continuous flow analysis (CFA).
The Pennsylvania Department of Health relies on Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) established peer review process to evaluate its return on investment resulting from health research grants awarded through the Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement (CURE) Program. CURE, which was established as part of the Pennsylvania Master Tobacco Settlement Act, uses tobacco monies to fund a variety of health research projects.. During 2007, ORAU convened five panels of experts in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pa., to conduct interim objective reviews of research into neurodegenerative diseases and tobacco use and cessation. Seventeen independent reviewers recruited by ORAU evaluated information provided by the principal investigators, including on-site presentations, to assess the research progress to date and the value of the investment as well as to identify any needed improvements.. ORAU also managed the research review for 172 completed research grants to ...
Snus News & Other Tobacco Products: India - health ministry formulating policy that is smokeless tobacco specific..
India has the highest number of oral cancers in the world after a group of entrepreneurs known locally as "gutka barons" turned a 400-year-old tobacco product hand-rolled in betel leaves into a spicy blend sold for 2 cents on street corners from Bangalore to New Delhi. Sales of chewing tobacco, worth 210.3 billion rupees ($4.6 billion) in 2004, are on track to double by 2014, according to Datamonitor, a branch of the international research firm based in Hyderabad, India. Gutka - chewing tobacco.. ...
Get to know all about Food, Beverages and the Hospitality Industry.: Leela group scion Amruda Nair starts hospitality brand in...
Amruda Nair, granddaughter of Leela Hotels founder Captain Krishna Nair has recently signed a joint venture with Faisal bin Qassim Al Thani, chairman of Al Sawari Holding to launch Aiana Hotels & Resorts, Nairs own hospitality brand in Qatar. The new joint venture company Aiana Hotels & Resorts L.L.C will be the first Asian-inspired hotel in Qatar and represent a hospitality brand of high-end luxury hotels, resorts and serviced apartments in the Middle East, Indian Sub-Continent and South East Asia. The joint venture brings together the resources and entrepreneurial skills of Al Thani, who is also the chairman Qatari Business Association, with the hospitality expertise of Nair, herself a third generation hotelier. "Given the long standing relationship between Qatar and India, there is great synergy in the similar way that we travel. This is why we want to bring Aiana as a new lifestyle hotel brand to the Middle East and will continue to support Aiana through our ambitious expansion plans for ...
Industrial growth in China and technological progress is driving the global chemicals industry, states a new report by industry research firm GBI Research.. The new report studies acetic acid, an important chemical with applications in several downstream industries like textiles, food processing and several other industrial chemical processes. Acetic acid prices are mainly driven by the prices of feedstock and methanol and demand for its derivatives, including Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM), which is used in paints, adhesives and coatings, and Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA), which is mainly used in the manufacture of polyester and fibers, as well as acetic anhydride and ethyl acetate. An increasing trend in acetate esters being used mainly as solvents for inks, paints and coatings has also been observed in the last few years.. On the technological front, emerging technologies are offering promising opportunities for growth within the chemicals industry. ...
The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, or Budapest Treaty, is an international treaty signed in Budapest, Hungary, on April 28, 1977. It entered into force on August 9, 1980, and was later amended on September 26, 1980. The treaty is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). As of July 2016, 80 countries are party to the Budapest Treaty. The accession to the Treaty is open to States party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 1883. The African Regional Industrial Property Organization (ARIPO), the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) and the European Patent Organisation (EPO) have filed a declaration of acceptance under Article 9(1)(a) of the Treaty. The treaty allows "deposits of microorganisms at an international depositary authority to be recognized for the purposes of patent procedure". Usually, in order to meet the legal requirement of sufficiency of ...
Welcome to CDC stacks | Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Training on Cessation Counseling Among Nursing Students:...
The Nursing Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) has been conducted in schools in 39 countries and the Gaza Strip/West Bank (identified as "sites" for the remainder of this paper). In half the sites, over 20% of the students currently smoked cigarettes, with males having higher rates than females in 22 sites. Over 60% of students reported having been exposed to secondhand smoke in public places in 23 of 39 sites. The majority of students recognized that they are role models in society, believed they should receive training on counseling patients to quit using tobacco, but few reported receiving any formal training. Tobacco control efforts must discourage tobacco use among health professionals, promote smoke free workplaces, and implement programs that train health professionals in effective cessation-counseling techniques ...
This article derives the optimal award to a winning plaintiff and the optimal penalty on a losing plaintiff when the probability of prevailing varies among plaintiffs. Optimality is defined in terms of achieving a specified degree of deterrence of potential injurers with the lowest litigation cost. Our main result is that the optimal penalty on a losing plaintiff is positive, in contrast to common practice in the United States. By penalizing losing plaintiffs and raising the award to winning plaintiffs (relative to what it would be if losing plaintiffs were not penalized), it is possible to discourage relatively low-probability-of-prevailing plaintiffs from suing without discouraging relatively high-probability plaintiffs, and thereby to achieve the desired degee of deterrence with lower litigation costs. This result is developed first in a model in which all suits are assumed to go to trial and then in a model in which settlements are possible. ...
EMEA Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) Market 2017 Sales, Size, Shares, Trends Analysis and Growth Forecast to 2022 -...
EMEA Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) market analysis of an industry is a crucial thing for various stakeholders like investors, CEOs, traders, suppliers and others. The Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) industry research report is a resource, which provides current as well as upcoming technical and financial details of the industry.. Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) market 2017-2022 research report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of this market. Various definitions and classification of the industry, applications of the industry and chain structure are given. Present day status of the Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) industry policies and news are analysed.. Following are major Table of Content of Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) Industry:. Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) Market Competition by Manufacturers, Oligonucleotide DNA ...
Myers et al. also claim that "Tobacco use is the number one preventable cause of death in the United States." This is grossly misleading, as it combines smokings dramatic fatality figures with the far more benign use of smokeless tobacco (2). For example, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that over 400,000 Americans die every year from smoking-attributable diseases (3), but the comparable number attributed to smokeless tobacco use is so low that the CDC has never attempted to provide an estimate. American Cancer Society Vice President Emeritus Michael J. Thun participated in a 2004 study concluding that "…smokeless tobacco products pose a substantially lower risk to the user than do conventional cigarettes. This finding raises ethical questions concerning whether it is inappropriate and misleading for government officials or public health experts to characterize smokeless ...
You can actually experience a growing pattern to switch traditional cigarettes with electronic cigarettes. Electronic cigarettes are easily conquering the international market, whenever you go to a specialized e cig shop store youll see a protracted variety of numerous vapors and liquids. With so much choice, and given potential small awareness of these products, in mind comes the question exactly what is the real contrast between electronic cigarettes and especially, whats the difference between liquids containing PG or VG. PG is deciphered as propylene glycol. This thin and colorless liquid is usually used as a food preservative and in medicine and tobacco industry. As opposed to propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin generally known as VG is a fuller odorous liquid. It has a natural based as comes from veggies. VG is liked due to its capability to provide a higher amount of vapes. Apart from e cig ...
In October 2010, the FDLP Desktop Shipping Lists page linking to official copies of GPO shipping lists in a variety of formats replaced the "Shipping Lister" tool and Federal Bulletin Board. Current USGS lists, formerly on the FBB, are available in "doc" format. Official shipping list files are used to produce a variety of products, among them the HTML versions of shipping lists are available through the Enhanced Shipping List Service, produced through a cooperative agreement between the State University of New York at Buffalo and the Federal Depository Library Program. The Enhanced Shipping List Service has a supplemental Dynamic Search Form accessing an Access database which includes most shipping lists from 2001-2002 and virtually all of the lists from 2003-present. Feedback on this database is requested by Timothy M. McCarthy. DDM2 is extremely useful for locating Federal Depository Library Program shipping list information for 1997-present. No specific browser is required, however Netscape ...
Were encouraged by the continued decline in youth tobacco use in Minnesota," said Minnesota Commissioner of Health Dr. Sanne Magnan. "Many local public health departments, tobacco prevention organizations and other partners contributed to this decline. We have more work to do, however, because tobacco use remains the single most preventable cause of death in this country.". The new Freedom to Breathe Act is likely helping to discourage youth tobacco use, according to Dr. Jane Korn, a chronic disease epidemiologist with MDH. "Smoke-free laws create a positive example for young people and lead to decreased smoking," said Korn. She noted that nearly 90 percent of the middle school students surveyed believe that smoking should never be allowed inside their homes, their vehicles, at workplaces and in indoor public places. Support among high school students ranges from 71 percent for vehicles to 81 percent for indoor public ...
11 FDA Regulation of Menthol in Tobacco Products Patricia Kovacevic Director, Regulatory Affairs & Associate General Counsel...
3 There is No Correlation Between Menthol Share and Youth Smoking in the U.S., at the State Level In Source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS) and Lorillard Tobacco Company shipment volume from wholesale to retail. The 2009 YRBS was used for Missouri, Nevada and Pennsylvania. Data for Minnesota were taken from the Minnesota Youth Tobacco and Asthma Survey 2011; data for California from the County and Statewide Archive of Tobacco Statistics 2010; data for Oregon from Oregon Healthy Teens 2011; and data for Washington from Washington State Healthy Youth Survey 2010
ICC BASCAP cautions against standardized packaging of tobacco products in UK - ICC - International Chamber of Commerce
Business Action to Stop Counterfeiting and Piracy (BASCAP) is an initiative of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).. "Counterfeiting and piracy continue to be a major problem both in the UK and the rest of the world, and plain packaging of any product will make it easier for fakes to enter the marketplace," said BASCAP Director Jeffrey Hardy. "Tobacco products are already a target for the organized crime syndicates making fake cigarettes, and any policies that strip away trademarks will make it more difficult and costly for UK law enforcement officers to fight against these criminals.". BASCAP provided its views in response to the UK Department of Healths open consultation on standardized packaging of tobacco products, and concentrated on the extenuating negative impacts of standardized packaging on intellectual property (IP) rights, counterfeiting and the risks to other industries from such a precedent-setting intervention by the government into IP ...
During basic military training, there is a total tobacco ban…and the prohibition is strictly enforced. At the beginning of basic military training, airmen are searched and all tobacco products are confiscated. Tobacco products are considered contraband along with alcohol, drugs, weapons, and chewing gum. The airmen recruits are required to maintain a money list (i.e., a list of all serial numbers for all their money), which is checked regularly by basic military training instructors. Airmen are under constant supervision, and there are no tobacco products accessible even during those rare occasions when airmen are not supervised. An honor code is established early in basic training so that if a recruit breaks the rules, fellow airmen are duty bound to report the infraction. Finally, the punishment for tobacco use during basic military training is severe. In virtually all cases, the airman is recycled (forced to repeat some ...
Global Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Therapeutic Market Size, Share - Industry Trend and Forecast 2016 - 2024 - BizPR.us | US...
Latest industry research report on: Global Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Therapeutic Market , Industry Size, Share, Research, Reviews, Analysis, Strategies, Demand, Growth, Segmentation, Parameters, Forecasts. A rare lung disease often terminal, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an interstitial lung disease affecting the lung interstitium. Patients diagnosed with IPF suffer an extreme lung deterioration resulting a decline in the lung functioning. IPF causes pulmonary fibrosis, which basically means damaging of the lung tissues. Breathing distress is the most common intricacy involved with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.. The cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis still remains unknown, however, it is mostly linked with excessive inhalation of smoke or dust, exposure to unhealthy gases and chemicals and smoking of cigarettes. IPF may also be caused due to genetic predisposition or develop from other lung condition.. Some of the medical conditions, which ...
Define tobacco user. tobacco user synonyms, tobacco user pronunciation, tobacco user translation, English dictionary definition of tobacco user. Noun 1. tobacco user - a person who smokes tobacco smoker consumer - a person who uses goods or services chain-smoker - a heavy smoker who lights one off of...
The Georgia Sales Tax is collected as a percentage of the final purchase price of all qualifying sales, and is collected directly from the end consumer of the product. Georgias excise taxes, on the other hand, are flat per-unit taxes that must be paid directly to the Georgia government by the merchant before the goods can be sold. Merchants may be required to attach tax stamps to taxable merchandise to show that the excise tax was paid. Even though excise taxes are collected from businesses, virtually all Georgia merchants pass on the excise tax to the customer through higher prices for the taxed goods. ...
The tobacco industry's role in smuggling needs scrutiny - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
... which had been fuelling the illicit trade. For example, in 1997, Andorra was supplied with 3.1 billion cigarettes - equivalent ... The reason is simple: tobacco is by far the UKs single greatest cause of preventable illness and early death and causes a ... efforts to curb tobacco smuggling as "disappointing" and "too weak".. The media spotlight fell - perhaps unfortunately - on the ... The tobacco industrys role in smuggling needs scrutiny. The tobacco industrys role in smuggling needs scrutiny. Category: ...http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2013/06/13/the-tobacco-industrys-role-in-smuggling-needs-scrutiny/
World Health Organization, Stop illicit trade of tobacco products
Every tenth cigarette consumed globally is part of the illicit tobacco trade. Illegal trade in tobacco today no longer stops ... The tobacco industry claims that high taxes drive smuggling. It also lobbies governments to keep tobacco taxes low. However, ... And because these products are not subject to legal restrictions and effective health regulations aimed at curbing tobacco use ... More than 80% of these preventable deaths would occur in low- and middle-income countries.. Countries are constantly defining ...http://origin.searo.who.int/mediacentre/features/2015/stop-illicit-trade-of-tobacco-products/en/
Group Urges Congress to Ratify Global Tobacco Treaty
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which is designed to curb illness and death caused by tobacco use, is the first- ... CNSNews.com) - The American Lung Association is urging the Bush administration to quickly submit to Congress a global tobacco ... which could help prevent illicit trade in tobacco. Other key provisions of the treaty ban tobacco advertising and promotion ... Tobacco-related illness, however, is still the leading preventable cause of death among adults in the U.S.. "By signing AND ...https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/group-urges-congress-ratify-global-tobacco-treaty
South African Meet to Focus on Illegal Tobacco Trade
The illicit global tobacco trade is on the agenda Monday as more than 150 countries meet in South Africa to discuss an ... Tobacco use has also rocketed in developing countries. "Tobacco use is more or less being curbed now in developed world," said ... The illicit global tobacco trade is on the agenda Monday as more than 150 countries meet in South Africa to discuss an ... Key decisions are also expected on the interference of the tobacco industry, packaging of products with picture-based health ...https://www.medindia.net/news/south-african-meet-to-focus-on-illegal-tobacco-trade-44186-1.htm
FAMILY SMOKING PREVENTION AND TOBACCO CONTROL AND FEDERAL RETIREMENT REFORM - PDF
2009 FAMILY SMOKING PREVENTION AND TOBACCO CONTROL AND FEDERAL RETIREMENT REFORM VerDate Nov :41 Jun 25, 2009 Jkt PO Frm Fmt ... Guidance for Industry Compliance With Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to ... 6) Because past efforts to restrict advertising and marketing of tobacco products have failed adequately to curb tobacco use by ... 13) Tobacco use is the foremost preventable cause of premature death in America. It causes over 400,000 deaths in the United ...http://docplayer.net/295556-Family-smoking-prevention-and-tobacco-control-and-federal-retirement-reform.html
Current Cigarette Smoking, Access, and Purchases from Retail Outlets Among Students Aged 13-15 Years - Global Youth Tobacco...
CDC reports half of surveyed youths report access to cigarettes through retail vendor. ... CDC reports half of surveyed youths report access to cigarettes through retail vendor. ... Tobacco use is a leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality, with nearly 6 million deaths caused by tobacco use ... Limiting access to cigarettes among youths is an effective strategy to curb the tobacco epidemic by preventing smoking ...https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6534a3.htm
Making the public health case for tobacco taxation | Investing in Health
Tobacco use, and its negative health, social and economic impact, is not a global problem that is simply going away. As ... The report also warns countries against accepting the industrys argument that illicit trade of tobacco products will thrive if ... Op-Ed: Taxing Tobacco. Journal of the American Medical Association. "Smoking Prevalence and Cigarette Consumption in 187 ... This is required not only to shine light upon this deadly but entirely preventable threat, but more importantly, to promote ...http://blogs.worldbank.org/health/making-public-health-case-tobacco-taxation
Effects of the Increased Smoking Trend - 688 Words | Bartleby
products for example cigarettes while ant-smoking campaigns are the activities and rally that the tobacco industries and other ... Smoking: Effects on Facial Skins Causing more than 400,000 deaths each year, smoking is the leading preventable cause of death ... Worryingly, smoking is attributed to more hospital admissions and deaths than alcohol and illicit drug consumption combined. ... institutions or organization employ to oppose or curb smoking globally, example public education. The rate of smoking globally ...https://www.bartleby.com/essay/Effects-of-the-Increased-Smoking-Trend-F3JC94CDB6A
heat not burn Archives - Action on Smoking and Health
Claims by the tobacco industry that heated tobacco products (HTPs) are safer than conventional cigarettes may not be supported ... Global treaty against illicit tobacco trade kicks in this week. A global treaty to tackle the illegal tobacco trade kicks in ... Obesity to overtake smoking as biggest preventable cause of cancer in women by 2043 ... so sugar taxes will help curb obesity. ... Study: Heated tobacco product claims by tobacco industry ...https://ash.org.uk/tag/heat-not-burn/
World Health Organization, World No Tobacco Day 2015: Stop illicit trade of tobacco products
Demonstrate how the tobacco industry has been involved in the illicit trade of tobacco products. ... The illicit tobacco market may account for as much as one in every 10 cigarettes consumed globally, according to studies, ... to amplify messages and advice that governments and WHO will be issuing to curb the illicit trade of tobacco products. ... More than 80% of these preventable deaths will be among people living in low-and middle-income countries. ...http://origin.searo.who.int/entity/tobacco/wntd/wntd2015/en/
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control - Wikipedia
"Tobacco Industry Attempts to Counter the World Bank Report Curbing the Epidemic and Obstruct the WHO Framework Convention on ... List of smoking bans Tobacco control Tobacco Damages and Health Care Costs Recovery Act Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in ... As the leading cause of preventable death globally, tobacco has seen an upsurge in both its consumption and its fatality rate ... Brandt, Allan M. The Cigarette Century: the Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product That Defined America. New York: ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WHO_Framework_Convention_on_Tobacco_Control
Snus News & Other Tobacco Products: 5/30/10 - 6/6/10
The findings demonstrate that increasing cigarette taxes could be a way to curb smoking, which is still the leading preventable ... Ireland - Illicit tobacco trade booms..;. Ireland - no increase in excise duty on tobacco products worry about smuggling..;. ... Philippines - total tobacco industry could be down 10% to 15% this year..;. Philippines - 2003 ban on advertising and skirting ... World No Tobacco Day.. Ireland has a major problem with cigarette smuggling (illicit, illegal, contraband). Finance Minister ...http://snus-news.blogspot.com/2010_05_30_archive.html
CVS190726C00059000 (CVS190726C00059000) Stock Price, Quote, History & News
These are preventable diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease.This is what CVS has been focused on. By ... ETFs to Shine as Trump Tosses Drug Rebate Curb Plan. We study the impact of Trumps dropping of the proposed drug rebate rule ... Others lauded the idea, pointing out that with one less middleman, the industry could lower costs.Regardless, this is the new ... including opioid and tobacco. The new funds bring the company and the CVS Health Foundations total contribution to NAFC to ...https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/CVS190726C00059000?p=CVS190726C00059000
CVS191018P00060000 (CVS191018P00060000) Stock Price, Quote, History & News
These are preventable diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease.This is what CVS has been focused on. By ... ETFs to Shine as Trump Tosses Drug Rebate Curb Plan. We study the impact of Trumps dropping of the proposed drug rebate rule ... Others lauded the idea, pointing out that with one less middleman, the industry could lower costs.Regardless, this is the new ... including opioid and tobacco. The new funds bring the company and the CVS Health Foundations total contribution to NAFC to ...https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/CVS191018P00060000?p=CVS191018P00060000
Addictions: Tobacco - Encyclopedia of Social Work
... prevention strategies for tobacco use are an urgent public-health priority because tobacco use is the single most preventable ... or screening tools for tobacco use disorder and tobacco withdrawal), and practice interventions for tobacco use problems. Based ... To help social workers better understand tobacco use problems, this entry presents an overview, including definitions of terms ... the scope and impact of tobacco use problems in terms of different segments of the population (that is, age, gender, race or ...http://oxfordre.com/socialwork/abstract/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.001.0001/acrefore-9780199975839-e-835?rskey=se0ZOW&result=2
Snus News & Other Tobacco Products: 4/10/11 - 4/17/11
... said the tobacco industry was now involved in aggressively promoting new forms of cigarettes, such as smokeless tobacco and ... the situation concerning the illicit trade in cigarettes that has risen since the increase of 41.5 per cent in the tobacco duty ... A similar bill aiming at curbing cigarette smuggling into North Carolina was introduced in 2010, but never got out of committee ... More than 30 hospitals are seeking $1 billion from cigarette makers, claiming their products caused serious, preventable ...http://snus-news.blogspot.com/2011_04_10_archive.html
admin, Author at Corporations and Health - Page 158 of 160
First, as Western nations implement stricter laws curbing secondhand smoke and tobacco industry practices, Big Tobacco ... eliminate of illicit trade in tobacco products.. *move towards a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and ... Every cigarette smoked represents money earned and a stronger American economy." Big Tobacco is also good for the global ... we found a consistent relationship between salt and blood pressure and concluded that high salt intake is a major preventable ...http://www.corporationsandhealth.org/author/admin/page/158/
Tobacco control in the Russian Federation- a policy analysis | BMC Public Health | Full Text
The analysis was based on secondary data on supply and demand sides of the Russian tobacco epidemic, tobacco-related economic ... The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review ... We used a policy triangle as analytical framework to examine content, context, and processes of Russian tobacco control policy ... Tobacco-promoting strategies have specifically targeted women and youth. Russias approval of a ...https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-13-64
Substance abuse facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Substance abuse
Tobacco products are available in smokable forms such as cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and smokeless forms such as chewing ... Robert M. Bray,, Larry A. Kroutil,, and and Mary Ellen Marsden , Trends in Alcohol, Illicit Drug, and Cigarette Use Among U.S. ... whether the smoke comes from cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. Smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the United ... In the mid-1960s legislation was introduced, such as amendments to the federal food and drug laws, to curb the black market in ...https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/psychology/psychology-and-psychiatry/substance-abuse
Leading preventable causeWorld Health OrganGloballyEpidemicSmokeless tobaccoFramework ConventFCTCImpactsSecondhand smokeSmuggling of tobacco productsPreventionUndermines2002Impact of tobaccoIndustry'sWarningsTaxationDeaths from tobaccoWorld'sProductsSocioeconomicRegarding tobacco control2030SmokersIllness and deathTradeAvoidancePracticeTreatyAlcoholOccurInternationalCosts attributableAdultsGovernments2001DeadlySponsorshipHealth2017Downward trendIncreasesYouthsGlobalForm of tobaccoProvisionsRisenQuit1998ImplementHand-rolling
- The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which is designed to curb illness and death caused by tobacco use, is the first-ever global public health treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO). (cnsnews.com)
- A new World Health Organization (WHO) report on tobacco taxation , launched today in Manila, raises a troubling question for policymakers across the world: If, as shown by scientific evidence, tobacco is a leading global disease risk factor, why then are so few governments levying appropriate levels of tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products? (worldbank.org)
- The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is a treaty adopted by the 56th World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
- The economic and health gains of tobacco control in Bangladesh can be amplified further with stronger enforcement of the Smoking and Tobacco Products Usage (Control) Act, and implementation of article 5.3 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which calls for protection of tobacco control policies from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- As part of a global effort to fight Big Tobacco, 168 countries have signed the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) created by the World Health Organization . (corporationsandhealth.org)
- Every tenth cigarette consumed globally is part of the illicit tobacco trade. (who.int)
- Globally, tobacco kills nearly 6 million people each year. (who.int)
- As the leading cause of preventable death globally, tobacco has seen an upsurge in both its consumption and its fatality rate worldwide with the increasing interconnectedness of the global economy. (wikipedia.org)
- The illicit tobacco market may account for as much as one in every 10 cigarettes consumed globally, according to studies, including information supplied by the global customs community. (who.int)
- Globally, more than seven million people die from diseases caused by tobacco use every year, including hundreds of thousands from second hand smoke exposure. (who.int)
- Through their actions, they drew attention to the fact that globally, tobacco products claim nearly 5 million lives per year and secondhand smoke has been proven to cause death and disease, and they challenged Big Tobacco's continuing attempts to weaken national and international tobacco control measures. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- And because these products are not subject to legal restrictions and effective health regulations aimed at curbing tobacco use, such as pictorial warnings or banning sales to minors, this is fueling the tobacco epidemic. (who.int)
- This is a global epidemic," Haik Nikogosian, head of the tobacco control secretariat, told AFP. (medindia.net)
- Tobacco control and prevention policies aimed at youth-oriented marketing and sales of tobacco products to youth can help to reduce youths' initiation and use of tobacco products and reverse the global tobacco epidemic. (cdc.gov)
- Limiting access to cigarettes among youths is an effective strategy to curb the tobacco epidemic by preventing smoking initiation and reducing the number of new smokers ( 3 , 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- Clearly, tobacco use is a global epidemic. (worldbank.org)
- The global tobacco epidemic kills nearly 6 million people each year, of which more than 600 000 are non-smokers dying from breathing second-hand smoke. (who.int)
- Policy makers must recognize that the illicit tobacco trade not only exacerbates the global tobacco epidemic and its related health consequences, but that it has security implications through financing organised crime, including drugs, human and arms trafficking, as well as terrorism. (who.int)
- The Committee is also asked to show its support for tobacco control in the Western Pacific by recognizing that the FCTC provides a comprehensive set of interventions for controlling the tobacco epidemic, and by acknowledging that its success depends on coordinated and committed participation by Member States. (who.int)
- The complex nature of the tobacco epidemic requires a transnational approach if control is to be effective. (who.int)
- The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review current tobacco control policy responses, and identify areas of opportunity for policy priorities. (biomedcentral.com)
- The analysis was based on secondary data on supply and demand sides of the Russian tobacco epidemic, tobacco-related economic and health effects during Russia's economic transition, and compliance of Russian tobacco policy with international standards and regulations. (biomedcentral.com)
- Sec Smokeless tobacco labels and advertising warnings. (docplayer.net)
- Sec Authority to revise smokeless tobacco product warning label statements. (docplayer.net)
- While very few Bangladeshi women smoke, 18.7 million women use smokeless tobacco and are at risk of cancer. (who.int)
- Federal law (section 5702(c) of Title 26 of the U.S. Code) defines tobacco products as cigars, cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, pipe tobacco, and roll-your-own tobacco. (oxfordre.com)
- Smokeless tobacco consists of snuff (any finely cut, ground, or powdered tobacco that is not intended to be smoked) and chewing tobacco (any leaf tobacco that is not intended to be smoked). (oxfordre.com)
- This international treaty was negotiated by the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and was adopted by them in November 2012. (who.int)
- The World Health Assembly adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in May 2003. (cnsnews.com)
- The six-day meeting falls under the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) that sets out measures to fight tobacco use through global cooperation. (medindia.net)
- Promote the ratification of, accession to and use of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products by all Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its early entry into force through the active involvement of all relevant stakeholders. (who.int)
- Russia's approval of a "National Tobacco Control Concept" and draft for a comprehensive tobacco control bill increasingly align national legislature with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). (biomedcentral.com)
- As one of the most widely embraced treaties in the United Nations history, the FCTC aims for the illicit trade protocol to be adopted by 2010. (medindia.net)
- The FCTC, one of the most quickly ratified treaties in United Nations history, is a supranational agreement that seeks "to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke" by enacting a set of universal standards stating the dangers of tobacco and limiting its use in all forms worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
- FCTC standards are, however, minimum requirements, and signatories are encouraged to be even more stringent in regulating tobacco than the treaty requires them to be. (wikipedia.org)
- According to Mamudu and Studlar, since the adoption of the FCTC in 2003, "shared sovereignty through multilevel governance has become the norm in the tobacco control policy area for EU members, including having one international organization negotiate within the context of another. (wikipedia.org)
- In response to the threat posed by illicit tobacco trade, the international community negotiated and adopted in November 2012 the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, the first protocol to the WHO FCTC. (who.int)
- (2015-2019) (Annex 1) as a critical step towards cohesive and sustainable tobacco control systems to accelerate implementation of the WHO FCTC. (who.int)
- This paper presents the key issues in the prevention and control of tobacco use, the interventions proposed by the FCTC to address them, and national actions needed to ensure the FCTC's entry into force and its successful implementation. (who.int)
- Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), following World Health Assembly resolutions WHA49.17, WHA52.18 and WHA53.16. (who.int)
- The FCTC formally recognizes that tax and price measures are an important way of reducing tobacco consumption, particularly by young people, and requires signatories to consider public health objectives when implementing tax and price policies on tobacco products. (who.int)
- The FCTC requires that at least 30% (and ideally 50% or more) of the display area on tobacco product packaging be taken up by clear health warnings in the form of text, pictures or a combination of the two. (who.int)
- More than 250 organizations from 90 countries have also joined the Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control - an international group created to support the FCTC. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- The FCTC also promotes research and the sharing of such research internationally, encourages legal action against the tobacco industry, suggests signatories support cessation services, and requires action against tobacco smuggling and for regulation and labeling of all ingredients in tobacco products. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- Countries that sign and ratify the FCTC are encouraged to look to these provisions as minimum measures and are encouraged to take a stronger stand against the tobacco industry practices that harm health. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- The influence of transnational tobacco companies on policy processes in Russia has so far impeded a full implementation of the FCTC mandates. (biomedcentral.com)
- We do not have concrete data and knowledge about the adverse health, socioeconomic and security impacts from the illicit trade of tobacco. (who.int)
- Simpler tobacco tax structures are more effective than complex ones, since tiered tax structures are difficult to administer and can undermine the health and revenue impacts of tobacco excise taxes. (worldbank.org)
- Ratification of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products is necessary to respond to the financial, legal and health impacts of the illicit trade of tobacco products. (who.int)
- Members of the public should recognize the adverse health, economic and social impacts of the illicit trade of tobacco products, including the linkages with human trafficking and organized drug crimes. (who.int)
- Academic institutions can undertake additional research on the subject of the illicit trade of tobacco products to further document its harmful impacts, as well as the benefits to health, State finances and the control of criminal activities of curbing the trade of illicit tobacco products. (who.int)
- The deaths and the suffering from diseases that tobacco causes have wide reaching impacts on the health and wellbeing of individuals and their families, the prosperity of communities, and equality within our societies. (who.int)
- Other key provisions of the treaty ban tobacco advertising and promotion unless constitutional barriers exist, limit public exposure to secondhand smoke and require health warning labels on cigarette packages to cover at least 30 percent of the display area. (cnsnews.com)
- Some of the harmful effects of smoking include various potentially lethal diseases to the smoker and others exposed to secondhand smoke, the sinful addiction caused by a key ingredient in cigarettes, and social issues smoking causes for smokers and their loved ones. (bartleby.com)
- First, as Western nations implement stricter laws curbing secondhand smoke and tobacco industry practices, Big Tobacco increasingly looks to the global south - where there are often weaker tobacco control laws in place - to market its products. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- The treaty is designed to address the growing crisis of tobacco-related death and disease and to reduce the health, social, environmental and economic impact of tobacco and secondhand smoke. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- 4) Require health warnings on tobacco packaging that cover a minimum of 30% of the display area but ideally cover 50% and 5) Implement comprehensive measures to protect citizens from the health hazards of secondhand smoke. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- In the South-East Asia Region, many countries have porous borders that provide easy opportunity for the smuggling of tobacco products. (who.int)
- Finally, smuggling of tobacco products is an international issue and this practice is often coordinated by the tobacco industry itself. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- 2 123 STAT PUBLIC LAW JUNE 22, 2009 June 22, 2009 [H.R. Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. (docplayer.net)
- This division may be cited as the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. (docplayer.net)
- or environmental or sociocultural factors), policy history, tobacco prevention, clinical issues (such as cessation desire, treatment and success, or screening tools for tobacco use disorder and tobacco withdrawal), and practice interventions for tobacco use problems. (oxfordre.com)
- Consistently, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 defined the term "tobacco product" as any product made or derived from tobacco that is intended for human consumption, including any component, part, or accessory of a tobacco product. (oxfordre.com)
- With respect to illicit drug use, estimates for 1999 indicate 3 percent (180 million people) of the world's population consumed illicit substances (United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention 2001). (encyclopedia.com)
- And as well as cheating the UK of tax revenue, tobacco smuggling undermines tax and pricing strategies that are an important part of the country's strategy for reducing tobacco's deadly toll. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- However, illicit trade undermines tobacco control policy efforts and facilitates increased uptake of tobacco by youth and adults from low-income groups by making tobacco products more affordable and accessible, particularly to those from low-income groups. (who.int)
- Following court cases and reports by the Health Select Committee and the Public Account Committee major UK tobacco manufacturers agreed in 2002 to do more to tackle smuggling, by each signing up to a ' Memorandum of Understanding ' with the HMRC. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- 2002, which identified tobacco and indoor smoke as risk factors for lost healthy life years in every region in the world. (who.int)
- Use of specific excise taxes enhances the impact of tobacco taxation on public health by reducing price gaps between premium and lower-priced alternatives, which limits opportunities for users to switch to less-expensive brands in response to tax increases. (worldbank.org)
- General Comments 1st Marker Deborah Richardson 2nd Marker Introduction This presentation evaluates the impact of tobacco smoking in Nigeria with a proposed structured strategy based on theoretical approaches and public Health models to tackle this complex Health problem in a bid to improve and protect Health. (bartleby.com)
- Unfortunate because, for us, the real headline - and indeed, the other significant focus of the report - is the tobacco industry's continuing role in tobacco smuggling, which hinders efforts to tackle the illicit trade. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- In this post, we'll look at recent trends and developments in tobacco smuggling, and see how industry's claims about illicit trade should be taken with a very large pinch of salt. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- It encourages governments to look at accumulated country evidence worldwide, and not simply the tobacco industry's arguments, and to use tax measures to increase the retail price of tobacco products as one of the best available public health policy measures. (worldbank.org)
- Key decisions are also expected on the interference of the tobacco industry, packaging of products with picture-based health warnings, and tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. (medindia.net)
- Canada could soon become the first country in the world to require cigarette manufacturers to include warnings about the dangers of tobacco on individual cigarettes. (ash.org.uk)
- The federal government has launched a consultation process looking at regulations around warnings on tobacco products. (ash.org.uk)
- One of the ideas being floated in the consultation is a new requirement for health warnings to be included on individual cigarettes. (ash.org.uk)
- Currently, Canada only mandates that such warnings be placed on or inside cigarette packaging. (ash.org.uk)
- Show how health care gains and programmes, tobacco control policies, like increased tax and prices, pictorial health warnings and other measures are undermined by the illicit trade in tobacco products. (who.int)
- Such illicit products also mislead young tobacco users by not displaying health warnings and sometimes involving children in illegal selling activities. (who.int)
- Findings in the report show that while only 33 countries impose taxes that constitute more than 75% of the retail price of a pack of cigarettes-the taxation level recommended to have an impact on consumption -most countries that do tax tobacco products have extremely low tax rates. (worldbank.org)
- Regional agreements on tobacco taxation can be effective in reducing cross-border tax and price differentials and in minimizing opportunities for individual tax avoidance and larger scale illicit trade. (worldbank.org)
- Revenue potential from tobacco taxation, for example, is substantial, as are the gains in reducing tobacco use prevalence. (who.int)
- Some parties have reported notable achievements in tobacco taxation policies. (who.int)
- Supply of genuine products to high-risk markets remains higher than HMRC's analysis of local demand, particularly for certain brands of hand-rolling tobacco, although manufacturers dispute this. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- If the tobacco industry continues to have such a laissez faire attitude to the oversupply of its products, enforcement officials are faced with the archetypal Sisyphean task . (cancerresearchuk.org)
- While the smuggling of contraband tobacco products across national borders has always been profitable, illegal tobacco trade is now the trademark for organized crime networks, which may also be involved in drugs, human and arms trafficking, as well as terrorism. (who.int)
- Besides, unlike smuggling narcotics or other hard-core trafficked products, punishment for smuggling tobacco is less severe. (who.int)
- In addition, since tobacco products are not a high priority for enforcement agencies, this makes them attractive to smugglers. (who.int)
- Tax and price policies are widely recognized as most effective for reducing demand for and consumption of tobacco products. (who.int)
- In a bid to respond to growing illegal trade in tobacco products and to make a consolidated effort to put a break in this cycle of illegal transactions, The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco products was developed. (who.int)
- The Protocol is an international treaty with the specific goal of eliminating all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products through a package of measures taken by countries that sign to uphold it. (who.int)
- All South-East Asian countries have enacted stringent laws to control tobacco consumption - both on pricing and sale of tobacco products in-country as well as against import of foreign brands - and despite these efforts, there is still a thriving trade in smuggled tobacco products. (who.int)
- Although illicit trade in tobacco products has a high importance for public health, the national economy and national security, the role of health ministries is minimal in curbing this menace. (who.int)
- For far too long, the tobacco industry has targeted the developing world for new markets to sell their lethal products. (cnsnews.com)
- Public Law th Congress An Act To protect the public health by providing the Food and Drug Administration with certain authority to regulate tobacco products, to amend title 5, United States Code, to make certain modifications in the Thrift Savings Plan, the Civil Service Retirement System, and the Federal Employees Retirement System, and for other purposes. (docplayer.net)
- Sec Study on raising the minimum age to purchase tobacco products. (docplayer.net)
- 3 PUBLIC LAW JUNE 22, STAT (1) The use of tobacco products by the Nation s children is a pediatric disease of considerable proportions that results in new generations of tobacco-dependent children and adults. (docplayer.net)
- 4) Virtually all new users of tobacco products are under the minimum legal age to purchase such products. (docplayer.net)
- 5) Tobacco advertising and marketing contribute significantly to the use of nicotine-containing tobacco products by adolescents. (docplayer.net)
- 6) Because past efforts to restrict advertising and marketing of tobacco products have failed adequately to curb tobacco use by adolescents, comprehensive restrictions on the sale, promotion, and distribution of such products are needed. (docplayer.net)
- 7) Federal and State governments have lacked the legal and regulatory authority and resources they need to address comprehensively the public health and societal problems caused by the use of tobacco products. (docplayer.net)
- 10) The sale, distribution, marketing, advertising, and use of tobacco products are activities in and substantially affecting interstate commerce because they are sold, marketed, advertised, and distributed in interstate commerce on a nationwide basis, and have a substantial effect on the Nation s economy. (docplayer.net)
- 11) The sale, distribution, marketing, advertising, and use of such products substantially affect interstate commerce through the health care and other costs attributable to the use of tobacco products. (docplayer.net)
- 12) It is in the public interest for Congress to enact legislation that provides the Food and Drug Administration with the authority to regulate tobacco products and the advertising and promotion of such products. (docplayer.net)
- These findings could be used by countries to inform tobacco control strategies in the retail environment to reduce and prevent marketing and sales of tobacco products to youths ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
- The importance of this question is accentuated by the widely accepted fact that raising taxes on tobacco products is one of the most cost-effective measures to reduce consumption of products that kill, while also generating substantial domestic revenue for health and other essential programs-investments that benefit the entire population. (worldbank.org)
- And some countries do not have a special tax on tobacco products at all. (worldbank.org)
- While nearly all countries tax tobacco products, an excise tax is the most important type of tobacco tax, since it applies uniquely to tobacco products and raise their prices relative to prices for other goods and services. (worldbank.org)
- Taxing all tobacco products comparably reduces incentives for substitution. (worldbank.org)
- Tax increases should reduce the affordability of tobacco products. (worldbank.org)
- The new tax applies to tobacco use in heat-not-burn products such as Philip Morris' IQOS device. (ash.org.uk)
- To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will make an estimate the number and proportion of people in receipt of nicotine replacement products dispensed via the NHS who have subsequently quit cigarettes for at least 3 months. (ash.org.uk)
- For World No Tobacco Day 2015, we are calling on countries to work together to end the illicit trade of tobacco products. (who.int)
- From many angles, the illicit trade of tobacco products is a major global concern, including health, legal and economic, governance and corruption. (who.int)
- Raise awareness on the harm to people's health caused by the illicit trade in tobacco products, especially the youth and low-income groups, due to the increased accessibility and affordability of these products due to their lower costs. (who.int)
- Demonstrate how the tobacco industry has been involved in the illicit trade of tobacco products. (who.int)
- Highlight how the illicit trade of tobacco products is a means of amassing great wealth for criminal groups to finance other organised crime activities, including drugs, human and arms trafficking, as well as terrorism. (who.int)
- The illicit trade of tobacco products is detrimental to your health and your interests. (who.int)
- Illicit tobacco products hook young people into tobacco experimentation and use because they are more affordable. (who.int)
- Tobacco companies have been known to use loopholes in tobacco control governance systems and indulge in the illicit trade of tobacco products. (who.int)
- Members of the public can join the WNTD awareness-raising campaign, including through social media, to amplify messages and advice that governments and WHO will be issuing to curb the illicit trade of tobacco products. (who.int)
- It is unavoidably a multisectoral issue that must be tackled beyond the health sector, covering issues as broad as reducing poverty, building sustainable agricultural systems, environmental protection, international trade agreements, tackling the illicit flow of tobacco products and tax avoidance. (who.int)
- A ban on flavoured cigarettes, little cigars and blunt wraps at the manufacturer/import level followed on April 6, 2010, and by July 5, 2010 these flavoured tobacco products will be banned at the retail level. (blogspot.com)
- The Philippines introduced a 'sin tax" on alcohol and tobacco products with some revenue to fund universal health care. (who.int)
- While all countries agreed that a comprehensive advertising ban would have a significant impact on reducing the consumption of tobacco products, some countries have constitutional provisions - for example, covering free speech for commercial purposes - that would not allow them to implement a complete ban in all media. (who.int)
- Additionally, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), which is an annual nationwide survey involving interviews with approximately 70,000 randomly selected individuals aged 12 and older, includes information about tobacco products including cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, cigars, and pipe tobacco. (oxfordre.com)
- Cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use in most countries, and the majority of adult smokers initiate smoking before age 18 years. (cdc.gov)
- In the majority of countries assessed in the African and South-East Asia regions, approximately 40% of smokers aged 13-15 years reported purchasing individual cigarettes. (cdc.gov)
- Approximately half of smokers in all but one country assessed in EUR reported purchasing cigarettes in packs. (cdc.gov)
- Among current cigarettes smokers, cigarette purchasing from a retail outlet was defined for the majority of countries as a report of having purchased them from a store or shop, a street vendor, or a kiosk in response to the question: "The last time you smoked cigarettes during the past 30 days, how did you get them? (cdc.gov)
- Past 30-day purchase of cigarettes in packs or as individual sticks was also assessed among current cigarette smokers. (cdc.gov)
- The percentage of what the report considers heavy smokers is highest among Arab male smokers, where 31.8% consume more than 20 cigarettes per day. (blogspot.com)
- Yet new data indicate that 85 percent of youth who smoked just cigarillos or little cigars considered themselves "non-smokers," versus 33 percent of who smoked just cigarettes. (blogspot.com)
- The Quit Line previously offered four sessions of follow-up calls to state smokers who call seeking to kick the habit, along with two weeks of a free nicotine patch or nicotine gum, at a total cost of $323 for callers who use all those services, said Moira Harrington, spokeswoman for the University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, which oversees the Quit Line. (blogspot.com)
- We're also concerned with the methodology, data collection and reporting practice used in tobacco industry-funded or commissioned reports about the illicit trade. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Illegal trade in tobacco today no longer stops with the small time, neighbourhood bootlegger. (who.int)
- Illicit trade also causes substantial losses in government revenues, depriving the health sector from additional finances that go into the hands of criminals. (who.int)
- Such data would be invaluable in mobilizing government and public support against illicit trade. (who.int)
- Since the health consequences of the tobacco illegal trade directly impact the health of populations, it is up to the health sector to undertake serious studies to obtain such data. (who.int)
- The treaty contains among other things a strong U.S.-drafted provision against tobacco smuggling, which could help prevent illicit trade in tobacco. (cnsnews.com)
- The illicit global tobacco trade is on the agenda Monday as more than 150 countries meet in South Africa to discuss an international protocol to eliminate the illegal cross-border market. (medindia.net)
- The issue is a fiscal concern for governments who lost billions of dollars to the trade and also faced health and policing challenges due to greater use of cheap cigarettes and the involvement of organised crime. (medindia.net)
- Governments are losing billions of dollars to illicit trade. (medindia.net)
- The European Commission estimates that illicit trade in cigarettes costs the EU and their Member States over €10 billion annually in lost tax and customs revenue. (who.int)
- almost all countries throughout the world are subject to illicit trade in some form or another. (who.int)
- Illicit trade takes tax revenue away from the Government, which could have otherwise been spent on the provision of public services, instead directing such funds into the hands of criminals. (who.int)
- Illicit trade strengthens corruption and weakens good governance. (who.int)
- A further area of research is the active role the tobacco industry plays in supporting the illicit tobacco trade. (who.int)
- Roll-your-own tobacco includes any tobacco that, because of its appearance, type, packaging, or labeling, is suitable for use and likely to be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as tobacco for making cigarettes (Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, 2012 ). (oxfordre.com)
- (CNSNews.com) - The American Lung Association is urging the Bush administration to quickly submit to Congress a global tobacco treaty that was signed by Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson on behalf of the U.S. government. (cnsnews.com)
- By signing AND ratifying the treaty, the U.S. government will show the world that this country is serious about protecting people everywhere from the ravages of tobacco use," said Kirkwood. (cnsnews.com)
- More than 80% of these preventable deaths would occur in low- and middle-income countries. (who.int)
- 80% of global deaths from cancer, diabetes, heart and lung disease, all of which using tobacco increases the risk of, occur in LMICs. (who.int)
- Twenty percent of all tobacco-related deaths occur in the Western Pacific. (who.int)
- As a result, the Advertising Standards Authority recently ruled that a series of advertisements from Japan Tobacco International which claimed that: "The black market in tobacco is booming" breached the advertising code on misleading advertising and substantiation. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- In 2012, Japan Tobacco International was accused of smuggling activities in the Middle East, and is now under official investigation by the European Anti-Fraud Office, OLAF. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- As has been suggested previously [ 8 ], data include not only published academic sources, but also important policy documents and other reports from government and public institutions in Russia, from international organizations, as well as from transnational tobacco companies and Russian industry lobby organizations. (biomedcentral.com)
- As the graph shows, cigarette smuggling hit its peak in 2000-2001, when it made up 21 per cent of the total UK market (and 61 per cent of hand-rolling tobacco). (cancerresearchuk.org)
- But the official figures clearly show that the illicit tobacco market has in fact decreased substantially between 2001 and 2011 - from 21 per cent to 9 per cent for cigarettes, and from 61 per cent to 38 per cent for hand-rolled tobacco - an irrefutable downward trend. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- According to the 2001 NHSDA, 6.3 percent (14 million) of the U.S. population reported current use of illicit drugs (i.e., used an illicit drug at least once during the thirty days before the interview) (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 2001). (encyclopedia.com)
- In particular, the Bush Administration fought the provision which mandated a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, sponsorship and promotion, claiming that this would be unconstitutional in the United States as corporations are granted First Amendment rights to freedom of speech, which protects their right to advertise. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- 8) Federal and State public health officials, the public health community, and the public at large recognize that the tobacco industry should be subject to ongoing oversight. (docplayer.net)
- 3. tobacco--health aspects--maps. (who.int)
- Tobacco use, and its negative health, social and economic impact, is not a global problem that is simply going away. (worldbank.org)
- The WHO has long been active in preventing the myriad health issues that result from tobacco consumption. (wikipedia.org)
- Every year, on 31 May, WHO and partners mark World No Tobacco Day (WNTD), highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption. (who.int)
- In Bangladesh, tobacco shapes the ill-health of many people. (who.int)
- Coping with tobacco-related disease limits capacity to address other priority health areas, build sustainable health systems, and provide basic health services. (who.int)
- Funded by Health Canada, it was created to study the factors that increase and diminish the likelihood of tobacco use among youth. (blogspot.com)
- Tobacco is tobacco - it's addictive and has health risks that appear no matter what form it comes in," said Steve Manske, senior scientist at the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact at the University of Waterloo, who conducted the survey. (blogspot.com)
- Several parties have put in place strategies to protect public health policies from the interference of tobacco companies. (who.int)
- In the Western Pacific, tobacco as a risk to health ranks first among developed countries, while in developing countries it contributes to five of the top ten diseases and injuries. (who.int)
- Others lauded the idea, pointing out that with one less middleman, the industry could lower costs.Regardless, this is the new norm for the very same healthcare industry that collectively priced itself into the trouble it's now looking to escape.CVS Health carried the ball a bit further downfield this week, unveiling a home dialysis system that just began its required clinical trials. (yahoo.com)
- Tobacco use is a major public-health concern in the United States. (oxfordre.com)
- Thus, controlling tobacco has the potential to improve population health around the world. (corporationsandhealth.org)
- Since then, the volume of consumption has declined by 9.2% to 5.4 trillion cigarettes in 2017. (ash.org.uk)
- Revising Bangladesh's current tax structure for cigarettes could create a 3-4% decline in cigarette smoking prevalence over two to three years and generate up to BDT 3,900 crore (39 billion) extra tax revenue in the 2017-2018 fiscal year. (who.int)
- This also makes government tax revenues more dependent on industry pricing strategies and increases the uncertainty of the tobacco tax revenue stream. (worldbank.org)
- New Zealand is increasing its tobacco tax with annual increases of 10% plus inflation indexing annually from 2010 until at least 2016. (who.int)
- Global Youth Tobacco Survey data from 45 countries in 2013 and 2014 identified sex and cross-country differences in prevalence of cigarette smoking among students aged 13-15 years. (cdc.gov)
- CDC used the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from 45 countries to examine the prevalence of current cigarette smoking, purchase of cigarettes from retail outlets, and type of cigarette purchases made among school students aged 13-15 years. (cdc.gov)
- The global cigarette industry has been in decline for the last five years. (ash.org.uk)
- As a result, we do not expect the rising demand for vaping to arrest the long-term decline in the global tobacco industry. (ash.org.uk)
- Now we know the most lifesaving way to prevent this is to quit smoking, but did you know people who are exposed to second hand smoking can also get lung cancer, even though a person quit smoking it may have impacted, the cigarette smoke, into someone else's body. (bartleby.com)
- In spite of soaring state cigarette taxes, the Quit Line's funding was slashed by two-thirds - from $3.7 million a year to $1.2 million - as part of the broad cuts implemented in the 2009-11 budget signed by Gov. Jim Doyle to help solve the state's massive deficit. (blogspot.com)