Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Acute Pain: Intensely discomforting, distressful, or agonizing sensation associated with trauma or disease, with well-defined location, character, and timing.Pain Perception: The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.Appendicitis: Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.Facial Pain: Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Ileal Diseases: Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Colonic Diseases, Functional: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Colitis, Ischemic: Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Visceral Pain: Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Cecal Diseases: Pathological developments in the CECUM.Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Jejunal Diseases: Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Neuralgia: Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.Nociceptive Pain: Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.Pancreatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that is characterized by recurring or persistent ABDOMINAL PAIN with or without STEATORRHEA or DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the irregular destruction of the pancreatic parenchyma which may be focal, segmental, or diffuse.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Appendectomy: Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)Flatulence: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.Vomiting: The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.Endoscopy, Digestive System: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion: Obstruction of the flow in the SPLANCHNIC CIRCULATION by ATHEROSCLEROSIS; EMBOLISM; THROMBOSIS; STENOSIS; TRAUMA; and compression or intrinsic pressure from adjacent tumors. Rare causes are drugs, intestinal parasites, and vascular immunoinflammatory diseases such as PERIARTERITIS NODOSA and THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS. (From Juergens et al., Peripheral Vascular Diseases, 5th ed, pp295-6)Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Diverticulitis: Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.History of MedicineHistory, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Peritonitis, Tuberculous: A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.Duodenal Diseases: Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Headache: The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Mesenteric Lymphadenitis: INFLAMMATION of LYMPH NODES in the MESENTERY.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Myofascial Pain Syndromes: Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on TRIGGER POINTS, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.Hymen: A thin fold of MUCOUS MEMBRANE situated at the orifice of the vagina.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Flank Pain: Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.Hematocolpos: A blood-filled VAGINA that is obstructed.Mesenteric Artery, Superior: A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.Peritoneal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch: A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.HistoryHistory, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Splenic DiseasesGastrointestinal Agents: Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Enteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.Celiac Artery: The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.Visceral Afferents: The sensory fibers innervating the viscera.Nausea: An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Hernia: Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dyspepsia: Impaired digestion, especially after eating.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Abdominal Abscess: An abscess located in the abdominal cavity, i.e., the cavity between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Labor Pain: Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.Splenic Infarction: Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Wandering Spleen: A congenital or acquired condition in which the SPLEEN is not in its normal anatomical position but moves about in the ABDOMEN. This is due to laxity or absence of suspensory ligaments which normally provide peritoneal attachments to keep the SPLEEN in a fixed position. Clinical symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN, splenic torsion and ISCHEMIA.Ileocecal Valve: The valve, at the junction of the CECUM with the COLON, that guards the opening where the ILEUM enters the LARGE INTESTINE.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Ulcer: A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Fecal Impaction: Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.Liver Abscess: Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the liver as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.Ileal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Gastroparesis: Chronic delayed gastric emptying. Gastroparesis may be caused by motor dysfunction or paralysis of STOMACH muscles or may be associated with other systemic diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS.Jejunal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Familial Mediterranean Fever: A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Urachal Cyst: Cyst occurring in a persistent portion of the urachus, presenting as an extraperitoneal mass in the umbilical region. It is characterized by abdominal pain, and fever if infected. It may rupture, leading to peritonitis, or it may drain through the umbilicus.Bezoars: Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.Duodenoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the duodenum.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Gastric Dilatation: Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.Psychophysiologic Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)Splenic RuptureAnxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Pancreatic Diseases: Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Lipoma: A benign tumor composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It can be surrounded by a thin layer of connective tissue (encapsulated), or diffuse without the capsule.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Cathartics: Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.Mesenteric Veins: Veins which return blood from the intestines; the inferior mesenteric vein empties into the splenic vein, the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the portal vein.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Splenectomy: Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.Celiac Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers including sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and visceral afferents. The celiac plexus is the largest of the autonomic plexuses and is located in the abdomen surrounding the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstruation.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Pancreatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Barium Sulfate: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance: Non-invasive diagnostic technique for visualizing the PANCREATIC DUCTS and BILE DUCTS without the use of injected CONTRAST MEDIA or x-ray. MRI scans provide excellent sensitivity for duct dilatation, biliary stricture, and intraductal abnormalities.Calculi: An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Melena: The black, tarry, foul-smelling FECES that contain degraded blood.Abdominal NeoplasmsFibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the INTESTINE. The majority of the cysts are found in the JEJUNUM and the ILEUM.Mesentery: A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Emergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.Stomach Volvulus: Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal: TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.Hematometra: Blood-filled UTERUS.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing: A severe form of acute INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS characterized by one or more areas of NECROSIS in the pancreas with varying degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues or organ systems. Massive pancreatic necrosis may lead to DIABETES MELLITUS, and malabsorption.Anisakiasis: Infection with roundworms of the genus ANISAKIS. Human infection results from the consumption of fish harboring roundworm larvae. The worms may cause acute NAUSEA; VOMITING; or penetrate into the wall of the DIGESTIVE TRACT where they give rise to EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA in the STOMACH; INTESTINES; or the OMENTUM.Lactose Intolerance: The condition resulting from the absence or deficiency of LACTASE in the MUCOSA cells of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, and the inability to break down LACTOSE in milk for ABSORPTION. Bacterial fermentation of the unabsorbed lactose leads to symptoms that range from a mild indigestion (DYSPEPSIA) to severe DIARRHEA. Lactose intolerance may be an inborn error or acquired.Jaundice: A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.Catastrophization: Cognitive and emotional processes encompassing magnification of pain-related stimuli, feelings of helplessness, and a generally pessimistic orientation.
Constipation and abdominal pain may occur after barium meals.[28] The formation of baroliths, which may need to be removed ... History[edit]. Barium sulfate as a contrast medium was evolved from the prior use of bismuth preparations which were too toxic ... hence Barium follow through remains in most centres the test of choice for the investigation of abdominal pain, diarrhoea and ... Clinical status and relevant medical history are reviewed prior to the studies.[10] Patient consent is required.[3] ...
Common side effects include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea. Serious side effects may include allergic reactions and ... It is not recommended in people with a history of a severe penicillin allergy. It appears to be relatively safe during ...
Common presenting symptoms include abdominal pain, emesis, and jaundice. A multidisciplinary approach including good clinical ... history, state of the art imaging, and careful pathology is often needed to establish the correct diagnosis. Resected ...
Abdominal pain (1.6%), constipation (1.4%), vomiting (1.4%), and nausea (1.4%). Dyspepsia and increased appetite occurred in ... This can happen even in patients with no prior history of psychosis. Other rare CNS side effects include anxiety, emotional ...
IgA vasculitis is more likely to present with abdominal pain, bloody urine, and joint pain. In the case that the cause is not ... The diagnostic testing for vasculitis should be guided by the patient's history and physical exam. The clinician should ask ... For example, if the vasculitis is a manifestation of Henoch-Schönlein purpura, individuals may also experience abdominal pain ... Frequently reported symptoms include mild fever, muscle pain, joint pain, or an overall feeling of discomfort. Additional ...
Patients have a history of non-bloody watery diarrhea, which may be profuse. Patients may also experience abdominal pain, fecal ...
Dooldeniya, MD; Khafagy, R; Mashaly, H; Browning, AJ; Sundaram, SK; Biyani, CS (Nov 2007). "Lower abdominal pain in women after ... The study suggests that binge drinkers with a past history of strong binge drinking should be screened regularly. Culture as ... Binge drinking has been associated with lower abdominal pain in women. Ketoacidosis can occur in individuals who chronically ... Symptoms include localized pain and uraemia (poisoning due to reabsorbed waste). The recovery rate is high, with most ...
Affected individuals may present with rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, diarrhea or anemia. On colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy ... or Any number of juvenile polyps in a person with a family history of juvenile polyposis. Age of onset is variable. The term ' ...
This can lead to a sinus tract that drains to the abdominal wall or the perianal area. Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, ... Actinomyces species have also been shown to infect the central nervous system in a dog "without history or evidence of previous ... Symptoms include chest pain, fever, and weight loss. Abdominal disease is another manifestation of actinomycosis. ...
... improvement in relief from abdominal pain and discomfort associated with diarrhoea-predominant patients.[14] The prescription ... Approval history[edit]. Alosetron was originally approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on February 9, 2000,[1 ... Other contraindications are: history of chronic or severe constipation or sequelae from constipation; intestinal obstruction, ...
The most common complaint in ERs has been reported to be abdominal pain. Among nursing home residents seeking treatment at ERs ... Identified patient Medical history "VI. Evaluation and Management (E/M) Services". Compliance Training Manual. www.usc.edu. ... Graff, Louis G.; Robinson, Dave (2001). "Abdominal Pain and Emergency Department Evaluation". Emergency Medicine Clinics of ... In acute care settings, such as emergency rooms, reports of chest pain are among the most common chief complaints. ...
"Lower abdominal pain in women after binge drinking". British Medical Journal (Clinical research ed.). 335 (7627): 992-3. doi: ... Watson, Stephanie (2011-09-01). "The History of Binge Drinking". Binge Drinking. Essential Issues Set. 3. ABDO Publishing ... Binge drinking has been associated with lower abdominal pain in women.[12] Ketoacidosis can occur in individuals who ... Symptoms include localized pain and uraemia (poisoning due to reabsorbed waste). The recovery rate is high, with most ...
In case of high dose, the victim experiences a metallic taste, chest pain, and abdominal pain. When ingested, it is dissolved ... History[edit]. This compound's Latin name minium originates from the Minius, a river in northwest Iberia where it was first ...
Fairchild had a medical history of abdominal pain, which worsened after her combat experience. By Christmas 1917 she was ... The plaque shows her portrait and gives her history in English and Dutch. The plaque was unveiled and placed in August 2010. ...
Level of pain is related to the degree of luminal occlusion. Abdominal radiographs can confirm the diagnosis, but smaller ... In areas where sand colic is known to be common, or if the history suggests it may be a possibility, faeces can be examined for ... Colic in horses is defined as abdominal pain, but it is a clinical sign rather than a diagnosis. The term colic can encompass ... Colic signs are referable to those seen with a strangulating lesion, such as moderate to severe abdominal pain, endotoxemia, ...
Abdominal pain-related FGIDs: H2a. Functional dyspepsia; H2b. Irritable bowel syndrome; H2c. Abdominal migraine; H2d. Childhood ... Diagnostic accuracy for IBS is over 95% when Rome II criteria are met, history and physical exam do not suggest any other cause ... The cardinal requirement for the diagnosis of IBS is abdominal pain. The Rome II criteria are used to diagnose IBS after a ... of the preceding 12 months there was abdominal discomfort or pain that had two out of three of these features: Relieved with ...
There were also frequent gastrointestinal symptoms with diarrhea in 26%, vomiting in 21%, abdominal pain in 17% of people. 72% ... History[edit]. Collaborative efforts were used in the identification of the MERS-CoV.[94] Egyptian virologist Dr. Ali Mohamed ... a history of travel from countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula within 14 days before symptom onset, or ... "seven-day history of fever, cough, expectoration, and shortness of breath."[7] One review of 47 laboratory confirmed cases in ...
Eliciting pain on the abdominal exam when pressing on the patient may indicate an inflammatory process. Signs such as ... When a history and physical exam are not enough to determine the cause of nausea and vomiting, certain diagnostic tests may ... If patient experiences reduced abdominal pain after vomiting, then obstruction is a likely etiology. However, vomiting does not ... Abdominal X-rays showing air-fluid levels indicate bowel obstruction, while an X-ray showing air-filled bowel loops are more ...
The characteristic abdominal pain is typically located in the center or right lower quadrant of the abdomen. X-rays of the ... A complete history and physical examination can be suggestive, especially if a palpable mass in the right lower quadrant of the ... Signs and symptoms of DIOS include a sudden onset of crampy abdominal pain, vomiting, and a palpable mass (often in the right ...
Clinical symptoms include diarrhea, fever, fatigue, nausea, cough, pneumonia, abdominal pain, chills and rash. Laboratory ... who are otherwise unable to tolerate aggressive chemotherapy due to their medical history or age, but these trials were ...
... abdominal or pelvic pain or discomfort, back pain, irregular menstruation or postmenopausal vaginal bleeding, pain or bleeding ... A family history of ovarian cancer is a risk factor for ovarian cancer. People with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (Lynch ... The typical symptoms of an LMP tumor can include abdominal distension or pelvic pain. Particularly large masses tend to be ... The mass of the tumor can cause other symptoms, including abdominal pain and distension, or symptoms similar to an ectopic ...
History[edit]. In 1887, Grassi demonstrated that transmission from rat to rat did not require an intermediate host.[4] Later, ... Abdominal pain. *Anorexia. *Nausea. *Weakness. *Loss of appetite. For young children: *Head-ache ...
There were also frequent gastrointestinal symptoms with diarrhea in 26%, vomiting in 21%, abdominal pain in 17% of people. 72% ... The first person, in June 2012, had a "seven-day history of fever, cough, expectoration, and shortness of breath." One review ... a history of travel from countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula within 14 days before symptom onset, or close contact with ...
Typical symptoms of an interstitial pregnancy are the classic signs of ectopic pregnancy, namely abdominal pain and vaginal ... As in other cases of ectopic pregnancy, risk factors are: previous tubal pregnancy, IVF therapy, tubal surgery, and a history ... the remainder had abdominal pain and/or vaginal bleeding. Cases that are not diagnosed until surgery show an asymmetrical bulge ...
Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, shortness of breath, pale skin, or passing out. Sometimes in those with small ... Diagnosis typically begins with a medical history and physical examination, along with blood tests. Small amounts of bleeding ... amounts of bleeding over a long time may cause iron-deficiency anemia resulting in feeling tired or heart-related chest pain. ...
... (CFAP) or functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAPS)[1] is the ongoing presence of abdominal pain for which there is no known medical explanation. It is quite similar to, but less common than, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and many of the same treatments for IBS can also be of benefit to those with CFAP. The fundamental difference between IBS and CFAP is that in CFAP, unlike in IBS, there is no change in bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhea. Bowel dysfunction is a necessary diagnostic criterion of IBS. CFAP is characterized by chronic pain, with no physical explanation or findings (no structural, infectious, or mechanical causes can be found). It is theorized that CFAP is a disorder of the nervous system where normal nociceptive nerve impulses are amplified "like a stereo system turned up too loud" resulting in pain. This visceral hypersensitivity may be a ...
ଆନ୍ତ୍ରିକ ଅବରୋଧ ବା ଇଣ୍ଟେସ୍ଟାଇନାଲ ଅବସ୍ଟ୍ରକସନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷାରେ Bowel obstruction) ଏକ ଏଭଳି ରୋଗ ଯେଉଁଥିରେ ଅନ୍ତନଳୀର ଯାନ୍ତ୍ରିକ ବା କ୍ରିୟାତ୍ମକ ଅବରୋଧ ହୋଇ ହଜମ ପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟାରେ ଥିବା ଖାଦ୍ୟ ଆଗକୁ ଯାଇପାରେ ନାହିଁ ।[୧][୨] ଏହାଦ୍ୱାରା କ୍ଷୁଦ୍ରାନ୍ତ୍ର ବା ବୃହଦନ୍ତ୍ର ପ୍ରଭାବିତ ହୋଇପାରେ ।[୩] ଏହି ରୋଗରେ ଉଦର ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା (abdominal pain) ଓ ବାନ୍ତି (vomiting) ହୁଏ, ଉଦର ଫୁଲିଯାଏ (bloating) ଓ ବାୟୁ ଯିବା ବନ୍ଦ ହୋଇଯାଏ ।[୩] ହଠାତ ସାଂଘାତିକ ଉଦର ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣାର (severe abdominal pain of sudden onset) ...
... , also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues. Common causes of pain in the abdomen include gastroenteritis and irritable bowel syndrome. About 10% of people have a more serious underlying condition such as appendicitis, leaking or ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, diverticulitis, or ectopic pregnancy. In a third of cases the exact cause is unclear. Given that a variety of diseases can cause some form of abdominal pain, a systematic approach to examination of a person and the formulation of a differential diagnosis remains important. In order to better understand the underlying cause of abdominal pain, one can perform a thorough history and physical examination. The process of gathering a history may include: Identifying more information about the chief ...
... , also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which prevents the normal movement of the products of digestion. Either the small bowel or large bowel may be affected. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating and not passing gas. Mechanical obstruction is the cause of about 5 to 15% of cases of severe abdominal pain of sudden onset requiring admission to hospital. Causes of bowel obstruction include adhesions, hernias, volvulus, endometriosis, inflammatory bowel disease, appendicitis, tumors, diverticulitis, ischemic bowel, tuberculosis and intussusception. Small bowel obstructions are most often due to adhesions and hernias while large bowel obstructions are most often due to tumors and volvulus. The diagnosis may be made on plain X-rays; however, CT scan is more accurate. Ultrasound or MRI may help in the diagnosis of children or ...
... , also known as dyspepsia, is a condition of impaired digestion. Symptoms may include upper abdominal fullness, heartburn, nausea, belching, or upper abdominal pain. People may also experience feeling full earlier than expected when eating. Dyspepsia is a common problem and is frequently caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or gastritis. In a small minority of cases it may be the first symptom of peptic ulcer disease (an ulcer of the stomach or duodenum) and, occasionally, cancer. Hence, unexplained newly onset dyspepsia in people over 55 or the presence of other alarming symptoms may require further investigations. Functional indigestion (previously called nonulcer dyspepsia) is indigestion "without evidence of an organic disease that is likely to explain the symptoms". Functional indigestion is estimated to affect about 15% of the general population in western countries. In most cases, the clinical ...
... is a long-standing inflammation of the pancreas that alters the organ's normal structure and functions. It can present as episodes of acute inflammation in a previously injured pancreas, or as chronic damage with persistent pain or malabsorption. It is a disease process characterized by irreversible damage to the pancreas as distinct from reversible changes in acute pancreatitis.[medical citation needed] Play media Upper abdominal pain: Upper abdominal pain which increases after drinking or eating, lessens when fasting or sitting and leaning forward. Some people may not suffer pain. Nausea and vomiting Steatorrhea: Frequent, oily, foul-smelling bowel movements. Damage to the pancreas reduces the production of pancreatic enzymes that aid digestion, which can result in malnutrition. Fats and nutrients are not absorbed properly, leading to loose, greasy stool known as ...
Historically, puerperal fever was a devastating disease. It affected women within the first three days after childbirth and progressed rapidly, causing acute symptoms of severe abdominal pain, fever and debility. The most common infection causing puerperal fever is genital tract sepsis caused by contaminated medical equipment or unhygienic medical staff who contaminate the mother's genital tract during the delivery. Other types of infection that can lead to sepsis after childbirth include urinary tract infection, breast infection (mastitis) and respiratory tract infection (more common after anaesthesia due to lesions in the trachea). Puerperal fever is now rare in the West due to improved hygiene during delivery, and the few infections that do occur are usually treatable with antibiotics. Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis worked at the Vienna General Hospital's maternity clinic on a 3-year contract from 1846-1849. There, as elsewhere in European and North American ...
In medicine, Valentino's syndrome is pain presenting in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen caused by a duodenal ulcer with perforation through the retroperitoneum. It is named after Rudolph Valentino who presented with right lower quadrant pain which turned out to be perforated peptic ulcer. He subsequently died from an infection in spite of surgery to repair the perforation. The pain is caused by gastric and duodenal fluids that tend to settle in the right paracolic gutter causing peritonitis and RLQ pain. Patients with perforated Valentino's syndrome usually present with a sudden onset of severe, sharp abdominal pain which is reminiscent of appendicitis. Most patients describe generalized pain; a few present with severe epigastric pain. As even slight movement can tremendously worsen their pain, these patients assume a fetal position. ...
Abdominal pain (also called a stomach ache) is a pain or ache in the abdomen. It can be caused by different things, including food poisoning, indigestion, constipation, gastritis, an ulcer, hunger, appendicitis, stomach cancer or diverticulitis.. ...
ହେପାଟାଇଟିସ (ଇଂରାଜୀରେ Hepatitis) ଏକ ରୋଗ ଗୋଷ୍ଠୀ ଯେଉଁଥିରେ ଯକୃତର ପ୍ରଦାହ (inflammation) ହୁଏ ।[୩] କେତେକ ଲୋକଙ୍କର କୌଣସି ଲକ୍ଷଣ ନ ଥାଏ ଓ ଅନ୍ୟ ପକ୍ଷରେ ଅନ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କର କାମଳ, ଆନୋରେକ୍ସିଆ ବା ଅରୁଚି (poor appetite), ବାନ୍ତି, ଥକ୍କା ଲାଗିବା (feel tired), ପେଟ ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା (abdominal pain) ବା ତରଳ ଝାଡ଼ା ହୁଏ । [୧][୨] ହେପାଟାଇଟିସ ଏକ ସାମୟିକ ରୋଗ ବା ଦୀର୍ଘକାଳୀନ କ୍ରନିକ ରୋଗ (long term) ହୋଇପାରେ । [୧] ଆକ୍ୟୁଟ ହେପାଟାଇଟିସ ସ୍ୱତଃ ଉପଶମ ହୋଇପାରେ, ଏହା ପ୍ରଗତିଶୀଳ ହୋଇ କ୍ରନିକ ହେପାଟାଇଟିସ ...
ହେଲିକୋବ୍ୟାକ୍ଟର ପାଇଲୋରି‌ ସଂକ୍ରମିତ ପ୍ରାୟ ୯୦% ଲୋକଙ୍କର କୌଣସି ଲକ୍ଷଣ ବା ଜଟିଳତା ଅନୁଭବ ହୁଏନି । [୧୧] ଆକ୍ୟୁଟ ସଂକ୍ରମଣ ହେଲେ ଗ୍ୟାସ୍ଟ୍ରାଇଟିସ (gastritis) ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା ଭଳି ଲାଗେ ଓ ଉଦର ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା (abdominal pain)‌ ସ‌ହିତ ଅଇ ହୁଏ । [୧] ଏହା କ୍ରନିକ ଗ୍ୟାସ୍ଟ୍ରାଇଟିସରେ ପରିଣତ ହୋଇଗଲେ ଉଦର ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା, ବଦ‌ହଜମୀ, ଅଇ, ପେଟଫମ୍ପା, ଓକାଳ ଓ ବେଳେବେଳେ ବାନ୍ତି ଓ କଳା ମଳ ହେବା ଦେଖାଯାଏ । [୧୨][୧୩] ଏଚ.ପାଇଲୋରି ସଂକ୍ରମିତ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିମାନଙ୍କ ମଧ୍ୟରୁ ୨୦% ଲୋକଙ୍କର ଆଜୀବନ ...
ଗ୍ଲାଇକ୍ଲାଜାଇଡ (ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷାରେ Gliclazide, ବିକ୍ରୟ ନାମ ଡାଏମିକ୍ରନ/Diamicron) ଏକ ମଧୁମେହ-ବିରୋଧୀ ଔଷଧ (anti-diabetic medication) ଯାହା ମଧୁମେହ ଟାଇପ ୨ ରୋଗର ଚିକିତ୍ସାରେ ଦିଆଯାଏ ।[୨] ଖାଦ୍ୟ ପରିବର୍ତ୍ତନ, ବ୍ୟାୟାମ ଓ ଓଜନ ହ୍ରାସ ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ଚିକିତ୍ସା ଫଳପ୍ରଦ ନହେଲେ ଏହି ଔଷଧ ଦିଆଯାଏ ।[୩] ଏହାକୁ ପାଟିରେ ଦିଆଯାଏ ।[୨] ଗ୍ଲାଇକ୍ଲାଜାଇଡର ପାର୍ଶ୍ୱ ପ୍ରତିକ୍ରିୟାରେ ସ୍ୱଳ୍ପ ରକ୍ତ ଶର୍କରା (low blood sugar), ବାନ୍ତି, ପେଟ ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା (abdominal pain), ରାସ ଓ ଯକୃତ ସମସ୍ୟା (liver problems) ଦେଖାଯାଇ ପାରେ । ...
Sindrom razdražljivega črevesa ali sindrom iritabilnega kolona (angl. irritable bowel syndrome, IBS[2]) je kronična nevnetna bolezen, ki jo označuje bolečina v trebuhu, okvarjena funkcija črevesa z drisko in izločanjem sluzi ali zaprtjem brez ugotovljivih patoloških sprememb debelega črevesa.[1] Simptomi se pojavljajo dlje časa, običajno več let.[3] Glede na pogostnost bodisi driske bodisi zaprtja ali pa obeh bolezenskih znakov razvrščajo bolezen v štiri podtipe (IBS-D, IBS-C, IBS-M, IBS-U).[2] Sindrom razdražljivega črevesa vpliva neugodno na bolnikovo kakovost življenja in je lahko vzrok izostankom od pouka oziroma bolniškega dopusta.[4] Pogosto ga spremljajo druge motnje, kot so anksioznost, velika depresivna motnja in sindrom kronične utrujenosti.[2][5] Vzroki niso pojasnjeni;[3] šlo naj bi za psihosomatsko motnjo.[1] Različne teorije govorijo o motnjah živčne osi med možgani in črevesjem, genetskih dejavnikih, preobčutljivosti za določena živila, motnjah ...
Right picture: Operative findings in an infant with acute abdominal emergency; currently repeated vomiting, large belly, and ... progressed stage of the surgical abdomen or of the intussusception could have been recognized due to the length of the history ...
Re: A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain. What happened to "listen to the patient, shes telling you the diagnosis ... A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain BMJ 2018; 360 :k603 ... A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain. BMJ 2018; 360 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k603 (Published 29 March 2018) ... Though, with presence of anaemia alongside a chronic non-specific abdominal pain and bloating, I think endoscopy with duodenal ...
History of breast cancer and diabetes. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Breast cancer, Ask a ... Follow-up: Upper abdominal pain after eating, nausea. History of breast cancer and diabetes 23 minutes later ... Follow-up: Upper abdominal pain after eating, nausea. History of breast cancer and diabetes 9 minutes later ... Upper abdominal pain after eating, nausea. History of breast cancer and diabetes. ...
History of PCOS. Worried about having a cyst. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Abdominal pain, Ask an ... Lower abdominal pain after taking cerazette. History of PCOS. Worried about having a cyst. ... While the condition rarely causes lower abdominal pain, if you are expecting your period soon, the pain could easily be ... While the condition rarely causes lower abdominal pain, if you are expecting your period soon, the pain could easily be ...
Publication History. *Issue online: 17 JAN 2012. *Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2012 ... Trends in the rates of radiography use and important diagnoses in emergency department patients with abdominal pain. Med Care. ... Diagnostic Characteristics of S100A8/A9 in a Multicenter Study of Patients With Acute Right Lower Quadrant Abdominal Pain. ... Diagnostic Characteristics of S100A8/A9 in a Multicenter Study of Patients With Acute Right Lower Quadrant Abdominal Pain. ...
History. Abdominal pain. The most common presenting symptom (90%) of an acute porphyria is abdominal pain. [41] This is usually ... The abdominal pain is rarely accompanied by fever, leukocytosis, or peritoneal signs. Nausea and vomiting appear common. [42] ... Limb pain is common. A motor, axon-predominant neuropathy is a strong clue when accompanied by abdominal and psychiatric ... 10] Abdominal pain and polyneuropathy are typical of this syndrome. Urinary ALA and coproporphyrin are markedly increased. ...
Contributions to http://manumissio.wikispaces.com/ are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License. ...
Appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdominal pain requiring surgery, with a peak incidence during adolescence. When ... Abdominal radiography can be used to diagnose constipation or obstruction. Ultrasonography is the initial choice in children ... Symptoms and signs that increase the likelihood of a surgical cause for pain include fever, bilious vomiting, bloody diarrhea, ... In school-aged children, constipation and infectious causes of pain, such as gastroenteritis, colitis, respiratory infections, ...
If the history and physical examination suggest functional abdominal pain, constipation or peptic disease, the response to an ... The diagnostic approach to abdominal pain in children relies heavily on the history provided by the parent and child to direct ... More than one third of children complain of abdominal pain lasting two weeks or longer. ... RECURRENT ABDOMINAL PAIN SYNDROME. Recurrent abdominal pain syndrome is a prepubertal functional pain with two distinct peaks ...
Past medical history: associated with rarer causes of abdominal pain. *Hirschprungs disease and Cystic Fibrosis - complicated ... Non-specific abdominal Pain:. *Some children suffer recurrent nonspecific abdominal pain, with no organic cause identifiable. ... Many children with nonspecific abdominal pain can be discharged home after history, examination and urine dipstick or ... Abdominal pain. * This guideline has been adapted for statewide use with the support of the Victorian Paediatric Clinical ...
Find out what tests are commonly used to diagnose abdominal pain. ... History Taking for Abdominal Pain. If you are experiencing ... While abdominal pain is common, each case is unique-just as each patient is unique. Your health history, type of pain, age, ... Chronic abdominal pain may have a known cause and a planned course of treatment, where acute abdominal pain may need to be ... Chronic abdominal pain is belly pain that has lasted for at least six months and may be expected to last even longer, possibly ...
Read about symptoms, treatment, prevention, vaccines, and outbreaks throughout history. ... Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include ... Low Back Pain. There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the ... The term cholera has a long history (see history section below) and has been assigned to several other diseases. For example, ...
History. Patients typically report. *. Abdominal pain or discomfort. *. Disordered bowel habit, with either diarrhoea, ... Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition characterised by abdominal pain, bowel dysfunction, and abdominal ... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are often prescribed for the pain associated with IBS, but they may exacerbate symptoms. ...
Intense Abdominal Pain. *Morbid Obesity. *Asthma That Is Getting Worse. *history of opioid overdose ...
History. Western equine encephalitis (WEE) is difficult to diagnose because of the lack of specificity in symptoms. Often, the ...
HISTORY TAKING: *ABDOMINAL PAIN. *CHARACTER OF PAIN. *PUD: Burning or gnawing pain, epigastric, may radiate to the back. ... CARDIAC SYMPTOMS, HISTORY: *CHEST PAIN. *ANGINA (ISCHEMIC CARDIAC PAIN): Squeezing, crushing, strangling, constricting pain in ... Tightening of abdominal wall should aggravate symptoms, indicating abdominal-wall pain. If tightening of abdominal wall ... Weight loss, abdominal pain, anorexia, weakness / fatigue, diarrhea common. *Pain is variable in quality, and often ameliorated ...
abdominal pain. lead. battery making, enameling, smelting, painting, welding, ceramics, plumbing. hepatitis (may become chronic ... Unless an exposure history is pursued by the clinician, the etiologic diagnosis might be missed, treatment may be inappropriate ... Unless an exposure history is pursued by the clinician, the etiologic diagnosis might be missed, treatment may be inappropriate ... An exposure history provides clues that prompt the clinician to investigate the possibility of toxic exposure. ...
Abdominal Pain. *Deglutition Disorders. *Fecal Incontinence. *(and 4 more...). *Other: AEGIS (Automated Evaluation of ... Family and pregnancy-labor histories (family history, mothers' disease and medication histories during pregnancy, ... Pancreatic Cancer Registry: For Any Person With a Personal or Family History. *Pancreatic Cancer, ATM, BRCA, Hereditary Cancer ... A Prospective Study Into the Risk of Colorectal Neoplasms in Individuals With a Family History of Advanced Adenomas (Sibling AN ...
... causing intestinal contents to leak into your abdominal cavity and triggering signs and symptoms such as severe abdominal pain ... Typhoid Fever History - News-Medical.net. www.news-medical.net/.../Typhoid-Fever-History.aspx ... Signs and symptoms usually include a high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea.Most people with ... Typhoid Fever , History of Vaccines. www.historyofvaccines.org/.../articles/typhoid-fever ...
In order to better understand the underlying cause of abdominal pain, one can perform a thorough history and physical ... its location below the area of liver pain) Left low back pain less in spleen pain left kidney pain Low back pain kidney pain ( ... intermittent abdominal pain) Acute abdomen can be defined as severe, persistent abdominal pain of sudden onset that is likely ... Upper left abdominal pain Spleen pain (splenomegaly) Pancreas Colon pain (below the area of spleen - bowel obstruction, ...
Acute abdominal pain. Acute abdominal pain has an onset over minutes but can persist for days.3 Sometimes, very severe ... Chronic abdominal pain. Abdominal pain that is present for at least 6 months without a diagnosis despite an appropriate ... An acute exacerbation of chronic abdominal pain should not be described as acute abdominal pain. ... Abdominal Pain." The Patient History: An Evidence-Based Approach to Differential Diagnosis Henderson MC, Tierney LM, Jr., ...
History *Received for publication May 10, 2012. *Revision received July 31, 2012 ... Prognosis of Abdominal Pain in Children in Primary Care-A Prospective Cohort Study. Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Leo A. A. Spee, ... Prognosis of Abdominal Pain in Children in Primary Care-A Prospective Cohort Study ... Prognosis of Abdominal Pain in Children in Primary Care-A Prospective Cohort Study ...
The client complains of abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea. Which food was responsible for ... The nurse is caring for a client with a history of diverticulitis. ... The nurse is caring for a client with a history of diverticulitis. The client complains of abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea ... The nurse is caring for a client with a history of diverticulitis. The client complains of abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea ...
Abdominal Pain. The ISDH says anyone who has vaped in the past 90 days and has experienced any of the symptoms below should ...
Clinical Process: Medical History and Physical Examination Part 3: General Symptoms Symptom: Acute Abdominal Pain Symptom: ... Symptom: Joint Pain: Shoulder Pain Symptom: Joint Pain: Hip Pain Symptom: Joint Pain: Knee Pain Symptom: Joint Pain: Ankle Pain ... Symptom: GYN Problems: Pelvic Pain, Acute Symptom: GYN Problems: Pelvic Pain, Chronic Symptom: GYN Problems: Vaginitis Symptom ... Symptom: Chest Pain Symptom: Constipation Symptom: Cough Symptom: Depression and Mania Symptom: Acute Diarrhea Symptom: ...
  • Urinalysis, complete blood count, pregnancy test, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate or C-reactive protein should be the initial laboratory tests in the evaluation of acute abdominal pain in children. (aafp.org)
  • If the left upper quadrant hurts after a serious car accident, the cause of pain could potentially be the spleen. (verywell.com)
  • Hepatitis,mononucleosis, or leptospirosis are three infections that can cause abdominal masses derived from the liver, the spleen, and the gallbladder respectively. (prezi.com)
  • This is because abdominal complaints may be as simple as an upset tummy in a child who has had too much candy after trick or treating on Halloween or as complex as a patient who needs emergency surgery to remove part of the intestine that has been starved of oxygen. (verywell.com)
  • While abdominal pain is common, each case is unique-just as each patient is unique. (verywell.com)
  • Discussing with the patient any family history of disease processes, focusing on conditions that might resemble the patient's current presentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient gives his own history and appears to be a reliable source. (unc.edu)
  • On her 3rd day of admission, the patient developed chest pain and nonspecific electrocardiographic changes. (hindawi.com)
  • An abdominal mass in a neonate, young child, or adolescent patient is something that every pediatrician needs to be wary of as these masses can indicate malignancy. (prezi.com)
  • Given a patient with abdominal pain, paying particular attention to its location and chronicity: Distinguish between acute and chronic pain. (cfpc.ca)
  • Given a patient with abdominal pain, paying particular attention to its location and chronicity: Investigate in an appropriate and timely fashion. (cfpc.ca)
  • In a patient with diagnosed abdominal pain (e.g., gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), manage specific pathology appropriately (e.g., with. (cfpc.ca)
  • 2 ] Physicians should demonstrate a caring attitude and not subject the patient, who is suffering pain and embarrassment, to ridicule. (ispub.com)
  • In support of this objective, we have provided outpatient focused scenarios to illustrate specific ICD-10 documentation and coding nuances related to your specialty.The following scenarios were natively coded in ICD-10-CM and ICD-9-CM. As patient history and circumstances will vary, these brief scenarios are illustrative in nature and should not be strictly interpreted or used as documentation and coding guidelines. (practicefusion.com)
  • The following scenarios were natively coded in ICD-10-CM and ICD-9-CM. As patient history and circumstances will vary, these brief scenarios are illustrative in nature and should not be strictly interpreted or used as documentation and coding guidelines. (practicefusion.com)
  • The membrane derived from embryonic mesoderm that covers the viscera and lines the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. (mhmedical.com)
  • Most diseases of the abdominal viscera are associated with pain sometime during their course. (medindia.net)
  • Abdominal visceral pain is induced by hollow viscera or parenchymal viscera walls stretching or by peritoneal stretching. (scielo.br)
  • Visceral pain may be induced by tension or stretching of hollow viscera or of the capsule of parenchymal viscera and by peritoneal traction or stretching. (scielo.br)
  • Referred visceral pain is located in myotomes and dermatomes supplied by neurons which project from the same medullar segments of the affected viscera 2 . (scielo.br)
  • it is in general diffuse and poorly located, may be referred distant from the affected viscera and is followed by autonomic and motor reflexes which act as pain transmission maintaining and facilitating system 4,5 . (scielo.br)
  • Pain in the periumbilical region arises from viscera of the midgut (eg, small intestine, appendix, ascending colon, proximal two thirds of the transverse colon). (doctorslounge.com)