Chlamydophila: A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.Legionella pneumophila: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.Chlamydophila psittaci: A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.Chlamydophila Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Legionella: Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.GeorgiaBacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Pneumonia, Bacterial: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.Pneumonia, Viral: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.Pneumonia, Pneumococcal: A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Streptococcus pneumoniae: A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.Zinc Fingers: Motifs in DNA- and RNA-binding proteins whose amino acids are folded into a single structural unit around a zinc atom. In the classic zinc finger, one zinc atom is bound to two cysteines and two histidines. In between the cysteines and histidines are 12 residues which form a DNA binding fingertip. By variations in the composition of the sequences in the fingertip and the number and spacing of tandem repeats of the motif, zinc fingers can form a large number of different sequence specific binding sites.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Zinc Sulfate: A compound given in the treatment of conditions associated with zinc deficiency such as acrodermatitis enteropathica. Externally, zinc sulfate is used as an astringent in lotions and eye drops. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Zinc Oxide: A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Antitussive Agents: Agents that suppress cough. They act centrally on the medullary cough center. EXPECTORANTS, also used in the treatment of cough, act locally.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Antipyretics: Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Lung Diseases, Fungal: Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia: An interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, occurring between 21-80 years of age. It is characterized by a dramatic onset of a "pneumonia-like" illness with cough, fever, malaise, fatigue, and weight loss. Pathological features include prominent interstitial inflammation without collagen fibrosis, diffuse fibroblastic foci, and no microscopic honeycomb change. There is excessive proliferation of granulation tissue within small airways and alveolar ducts.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Urinary Tract Infections: Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.Respiratory Syncytial Viruses: A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.Paramyxoviridae Infections: Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.Pulmonary Alveoli: Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.Rickettsia rickettsii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER. Its cells are slightly smaller and more uniform in size than those of RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Pericarditis: Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Isodon: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE used in TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE.Pericarditis, Constrictive: Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM that is characterized by the fibrous scarring and adhesion of both serous layers, the VISCERAL PERICARDIUM and the PARIETAL PERICARDIUM leading to the loss of pericardial cavity. The thickened pericardium severely restricts cardiac filling. Clinical signs include FATIGUE, muscle wasting, and WEIGHT LOSS.Pericarditis, Tuberculous: INFLAMMATION of the sac surrounding the heart (PERICARDIUM) due to MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS infection. Pericarditis can lead to swelling (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION), compression of the heart (CARDIAC TAMPONADE), and preventing normal beating of the heart.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tResearch Support, U.S. GovernmentResearch Support, American Recovery and Reinvestment ActResearch Support, N.I.H., ExtramuralResearch Support, N.I.H., Intramural

*Pneumococcal pneumonia

... is a type of bacterial pneumonia that is specifically caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. S. pneumoniae ... It is the most common bacterial pneumonia found in adults. The estimated number of Americans with pneumococcal pneumonia is ... "Pneumonia Causes - Mayo Clinic". www.mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 2016-04-26. "Flu Infection Needed to Allow Spread of Pneumonia ... "Pneumococcal Pneumonia". www.niaid.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-26. "Pneumococcal Disease , Facts About Pneumonia , CDC". www.cdc ...

*Exudate

It is characteristic of rheumatic carditis, but is seen in all severe injuries such as strep throat and bacterial pneumonia. ...

*Community-acquired pneumonia

... including bacterial pneumonia). Although most cases of bacterial pneumonia are caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, infections ... Bacterial pneumonia Viral pneumonia Fungal pneumonia Parasitic pneumonia "Pneumonia Causes - Mayo Clinic". www.mayoclinic.org. ... Sepsis often occurs with bacterial pneumonia, with streptococcus pneumoniae the most-common cause. Patients with sepsis require ... "What is pneumonia? What causes pneumonia?". Retrieved 2015-05-18. Webber S, Wilkinson AR, Lindsell D, Hope PL, Dobson SR, ...

*Air pollution in the United States

In the United States, bacterial pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria (pneumococcus) which enters human body ... The risk of being diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia is more than double in African American people compared to white people ( ... RR= 2.40). Also the prevalence of bacterial pneumonia in most impoverished African American census area, 20% or more people in ... Short-term health effects of air pollution include but is not limited to bronchitis or pneumonia, frequent headaches, dizziness ...

*Bacterial pneumonia

Prevention of bacterial pneumonia is by vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for ... Bacterial pneumonia is a type of pneumonia caused by bacterial infection. Pneumonia Fever Rigors Cough Runny nose (either ... "bacterial pneumonia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary "Bacterial Pneumonia". Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center. WebMD. p ... Streptococcus pneumoniae (J13) is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia in all age groups except newborn infants. ...

*Colin Munro MacLeod

... the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. The S strain extract could convert the more benign rough ('R') strains of ... MacLeod was diverted from research on Streptococcus pneumoniae and DNA to health and science issues related to the Second World ... At the time, microbial diseases such as typhus fever, malaria, and pneumonia posed significant threats to the health of U.S. ... In 1941, Avery and MacLeod separated a crude extract from smooth ('S') strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, ...

*Subclinical infection

Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus pneumoniae (Bacterial pneumonia) Treponema pallidum (syphilis) Fever and sickness behavior ... Ozturk CE, Yavuz T, Kaya D, Yucel M (December 2004). "The rate of asymptomatic throat carriage of group A Streptococcus in ... "A cross-sectional survey of the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae nasopharyngeal carriage in Belgian infants attending day ...

*2009 flu pandemic

... streptococcus pneumoniae is the second most important cause of secondary bacterial pneumonia for children and primary for ... The pneumonia caused by flu can be either direct viral pneumonia or a secondary bacterial pneumonia. In fact, a November 2009 ... Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant strains, is an important cause of secondary bacterial pneumonia with a ... as this relapse may be bacterial pneumonia. Initially called an "outbreak", widespread H1N1 infection was first recognized in ...

*Tigecycline

... may be used for treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia caused by; penicillin susceptible Streptococcus ... Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus anginosus grp., Streptococcus pyogenes, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, ... complicated intra-abdominal infections and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. The spectrum of activity of tigecycline is ... Some bacterial species such as Pseudomonas spp. can be naturally resistant to tigecycline through the constant over-expression ...

*Streptococcus

... certain Streptococcus species are responsible for many cases of pink eye, meningitis, bacterial pneumonia, endocarditis, ... Streptococcus pneumoniae and a group of oral streptococci (Streptococcus viridans or viridans streptococci) display alpha ... The remaining nonenterococcal group D strains include Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus equinus. Nonhemolytic streptococci ... "group A strep" and "group B strep"). Table: Medically relevant streptococci (not all are alpha hemolytic) When alpha hemolysis ...

*Albert Fraenkel

... was a German physician who helped establish Streptococcus pneumoniae as a cause of bacterial pneumonia and championed ...

*Clarithromycin

This includes strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, H. pylori infection, and Lyme disease, among others. Clarithromycin can ... Clarithromycin is primarily used to treat a number of bacterial infections including pneumonia, Helicobacter pylori, and as an ... Aerobic Gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus agalactiae Streptococcus (Groups C, F, G) Viridans group streptococci Aerobic Gram ... Aerobic Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus pneumoniae Streptococcus pyogenes Aerobic Gram-negative ...

*Betsy Foxman

Other interests are the role of oral microbiota in dental caries, viral infection and bacterial pneumonia, biofilm growth on ... coli and Group B Streptococcus. ...

*UTP-glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase

... an important virulence factor of streptococcus pneumoniae, a bacterial cause of pneumonia, bronchitis, and other breathing ...

*Cefalexin

It may also be used for certain types of pneumonia, strep throat, and to prevent bacterial endocarditis. Cefalexin is not ... pneumonia, cellulitis, and urinary tract infections. It may be used to prevent bacterial endocarditis. It can also be used for ... However, some bacterial cells have the enzyme β-lactamase, which hydrolyzes the beta-lactam ring, rendering the drug inactive. ... It kills gram-positive and some gram-negative bacteria by disrupting the growth of the bacterial cell wall. Cefalexin is a beta ...

*Moxifloxacin

... acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community acquired pneumonia, complicated and uncomplicated skin and skin ... Community acquired pneumonia caused by multidrug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae June 2005: Complicated skin and skin ... non-severe community-acquired pneumonia, and acute bacterial sinusitis. Based on its investigation into reports of rare but ... Complicated intra-abdominal infections The European Medicines Agency has advised that for pneumonia, acute bacterial sinusitis ...

*Frederick Griffith

He showed that Streptococcus pneumoniae, implicated in many cases of lobar pneumonia, could transform from one strain into a ... was a British bacteriologist whose focus was the epidemiology and pathology of bacterial pneumonia. In January 1928 he reported ... When mice were injected with a mixture of heat-killed S and live R, however, pneumonia and death ensued. The live R had ... Injected subcutaneously with S form, mice succumbed to pneumonia and death within several days. However, the R form, lacking a ...

*Pneumonia

Initial work identifying the two common bacterial causes, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae, was performed by ... Viral pneumonia presents more commonly with wheezing than does bacterial pneumonia. Pneumonia was historically divided into " ... also known as lobular pneumonia), and interstitial pneumonia. Bacterial, community-acquired pneumonia classically show lung ... Pneumonia caused by Legionella may occur with abdominal pain, diarrhea, or confusion, while pneumonia caused by Streptococcus ...

*Atypical pneumonia

The term was introduced in the 1930s and was contrasted with the bacterial pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, at ... Pneumonia, Atypical Bacterial at eMedicine Pneumonia, Typical Bacterial at eMedicine Memish ZA, Ahmed QA, Arabi YM, Shibl AM, ... "non-bacterial". In literature the term atypical pneumonia (contrasted with bacterial pneumonia) is still in use, though ... In general, occult pneumonia is rather often present in patients with pneumonia and can also be caused by Streptococcus ...

*Aspiration pneumonia

Whether aspiration pneumonia represents a true bacterial infection or a chemical inflammatory process remains the subject of ... When bacteria are implicated, they are usually aerobic:[verification needed] Streptococcus pneumoniae Staphylococcus aureus ... Scannapieco, F.A., Mylotte, J.M. (1996). Relationship between periodontal disease and bacterial pneumonia. Journal of ... Aspiration pneumonia is a type of lung infection that is due to a relatively large amount of material from the stomach or mouth ...

*Cefditoren

... pivoxil has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat bacterial infections of the skin and respiratory ... Cefditoren pivoxil is used to treat uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, community-acquired pneumonia, acute ... Haemophilus influenzae: ≥0.063 - 0.25 μg/ml Staphylcoccus aureus: 0.25 - >128 μg/ml (includes MRSA) Streptococcus pyogenes: ≤ ... tract, including bronchitis, pneumonia, and tonsillitis. The following represents MIC susceptibility data for a few medically ...

*Lower respiratory tract infection

Typical Bacterial Infections: Haemophilus influenzae Staphylococcus aureus Klebsiella pneumonia Atypical Bacterial Infections: ... The most common cause of pneumonia is pneumococcal bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae accounts for 2/3 of bacteremic pneumonias ... The treatment of bacterial pneumonia is selected by considering the age of the patient, the severity of the illness and the ... Pneumonia occurs in a variety of situations and treatment must vary according to the situation. It is classified as either ...

*Streptococcus sanguinis

Moxifloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic, prescribed for bacterial infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus, skin and skin ... Type strain of Streptococcus sanguinis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... Streptococcus sanguinis, formerly known as Streptococcus sanguis, is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobic coccus species of ... The GC content of the S. sanguinis genome is 43.4% (higher than the GC contents of other streptococci). The genome encodes ...

*Benzylpenicillin

This includes pneumonia, strep throat, syphilis, necrotizing enterocolitis, diphtheria, gas gangrene, leptospirosis, cellulitis ... Benzylpenicillin, also known as penicillin G, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections. ...

*Cefixime

... is an antibiotic useful to treat a number of bacterial infections. This includes otitis media, strep throat, pneumonia ... Chest and lungs: Bronchitis, pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. It is also used to treat ... Cefixime is a broad spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic and is commonly used to treat bacterial infections of the ear, urinary ... Cefixime treats infections of the: Ear: Otitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Streptococcus ...
The order Chlamydiales contains at least four distinct family groups: Chlamydiaceae, Simkaniaceae, Waddliaceae and Parachlamydiaceae. Within the family Chlamydiaceae there are two distinct genera: Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. The Chlamydophila genus has seven recognised species, namely Chlamydophila pecorum, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Chlamydophila psittaci, Chlamydophila abortus, Chlamydophila caviae (formerly Chlamydophila psittaci guinea pig conjunctivitis strain) and Chlamydophila felis[1, 2].. A unique developmental cycle distinguishes Chlamydophila from other intracellular bacteria [3]. The infectious elementary body (EB) and the vegetative reticulate body (RB) are two major developmental forms involved in the cycle. One of the predominant proteins found on the surface of both the EB and RB forms is the major outer membrane protein (MOMP, OmpA). MOMP makes up 60% of the total outer membrane protein [4], and published data have indicated that it is critical for ...
Legionella pneumophila, the bacteria responsible for the most severe forms of Legionnaires Disease, is not a significant river water contaminant in Michigan. Legionella pneumophila normally lives within common soil dwelling protozoa, such as Acanthamoeba, because this bacteria is dormant below 68 F. The Legionella pneumophila bacteria needs the heat of the amoeba cells and the insulation of soil to survive in Michigans cold winters. Michigans rivers usually exceed 68 F only in the late summer months: July, August, and September. The first Genesee Legionnaires Disease outbreak extended from June 2014 to March 2015, over Michigans cold winter months, when river waters are just above freezing. The Flint River was not the source of the Legionella pneumophila responsible for the Legionnaires Disease outbreak.. So how could Legionella pneumophila have gotten in the Flint water system? Water main breaks. Flints water system is old and water main breaks have sorely taxed the capacity of the Flint ...
The intracellular bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila causes an inflammatory pneumonia called Legionnaires Disease. For virulence, L. pneumophila requires a Dot/Icm type IV secretion system that translocates bacterial effectors to the host cytosol. L. pneumophilalacking the Dot/Icm system is recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs), leading to a canonical NF-κB-dependent transcriptional response. In addition, L. pneumophila expressing a functional Dot/Icm system potently induces unique transcriptional targets, including proinflammatory genes such as Il23a and Csf2. Here we demonstrate that this Dot/Icm-dependent response, which we term the effector-triggered response (ETR), requires five translocated bacterial effectors that inhibit host protein synthesis. Upon infection of macrophages with virulent L. pneumophila, these five effectors caused a global decrease in host translation, thereby preventing synthesis of IκB, ...
Chlamydophila psittaci, the causing agent of avian chlamydiosis, occurs worldwide and has been detected in a wide variety of both wild and domestic birds. However, other clamydiae also have a zoonotic potential (3).. Chlamydophila pecorum strains have been isolated from ruminants, swine and koalas in several countries. C. pecorum is associated with conjunctivitis, encephalomyelitis, enteritis, pneumonia, polyarthritis, abortion, and reproductive and urinary tract diseases (1,3,8). In an assay carried out in free healthy pigeons in Japan, three fecal samples were found to be C. pecorum-positive by PCR (7).. The epidemiology of Chlamydia infection in animals in Argentina is unknown. Thus, the aim of the present study was to detect Chlamydia spp. in illegally captive birds in Córdoba city, Argentina.. Cloacal swabs were collected from 28 birds living in illegal captivity without any clinical signs or evidence of chlamydiosis and were referred to the Instituto de Virología, ...
Citable URI: http://udspace.udel.edu/handle/19716/21656 Advisor: Ramona Neunuebel, PhD. Publisher: University of Delaware. Date Issued: 2017-05. Abstract: Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative opportunistic bacterial pathogen that infects human alveolar macrophages, which causes a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires disease. During infection, Legionella pneumophila avoids lysosomal degradation by employing a Type IVB secretion system to translocate over 300 effector proteins into the host cytosol. These effector proteins hijack endoplasmic reticulum derived vesicles and allow for the formation of a replication permissive vacuole known as the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). Several effector proteins bind and/or modify host phosphoinositides in order to establish the LCV. Phosphoinositides are a type of glycerolipid containing two non-polar fatty acid tails, a glycerol backbone, and a polar myoinositol head group. The myoinositol ring can ...
Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of human Legionnaires disease. During infection, the bacterium invades macrophages and lung epithelial cells, and replicates intracellularly. However, little is known about its interaction with T cells. We investigated the ability of L. pneumophila to infect and stimulate the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in T cells. The objective of this study was to assess whether L. pneumophila interferes with the immune system by interacting and infecting T cells. Wild-type L. pneumophila and flagellin-deficient Legionella, but not L. pneumophila lacking a functional type IV secretion system Dot/Icm, replicated in T cells. On the other hand, wild-type L. pneumophila and Dot/Icm-deficient Legionella, but not flagellin-deficient Legionella or heat-killed Legionella induced IL-8 expression. L. pneumophila activated an IL-8 promoter through the NF-κB and AP-1 binding regions. Wild-type L. pneumophila but not flagellin-deficient Legionella activated NF-κB, p38 mitogen
Restriction of Legionella pneumophila growth in macrophages requires the concerted action of cytokine and Naip5/Ipaf signalling pathways.s profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
The water-borne pathogen Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 (Lp1) is the most commonly reported etiologic agent of legionellosis. To examine the genetic diversity, the long-term epidemiology, and the molecular evolution of Lp1 clinical isolates, we conducted sequence-based typing on a collection of clinical isolates representing 3 decades of culture-confirmed legionellosis in Ontario, Canada. Analysis showed that the population of Lp1 in Ontario is highly diverse and combines lineages identified worldwide with local strains. Identical types were identified in sporadic and outbreak-associated strains. In the past 15 years, the incidence of some lineages distributed worldwide has tended to decrease, and local endemic clones and lineages have emerged. Comparative geographic distribution analysis suggests that some lineages are specific to eastern North America. These findings have general clinical implications for the study of Lp1 molecular evolution and for the identification of Lp1 circulating strains in
Chlamydophila pecorum ATCC ® VR-189™ Designation: Sporadic bovine encephalomyelitis WS Application: The strain produces non-fatal disease in the GP. It is morphologically and serologically related to psittacosis group. The strain produces non-fatal disease in the GP. It is morphologically and serologically related to psittacosis group.
A middle-aged man had deteriorated rapidly in hospital after being misdiagnosed with acute alcoholic hepatitis. Acute Legionnaires disease (Legionellosis) was subsequently diagnosed on rapid antigen urinary testing and further confirmed serologically. This led to appropriate antibiotic treatment and complete clinical resolution. Physicians caring for patients with alcohol-related liver disease should consider Legionella pneumophila in their differential diagnosis even with a paucity of respiratory symptoms. ...
Microbial pathogens employ sophisticated virulence strategies to cause infections in humans. The intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila encodes RidL to hijack the host scaffold protein VPS29, a component of retromer and retriever complexes critical for endosomal cargo recycling. Here, we determined the crystal structure of L. pneumophila RidL in complex with the human VPS29-VPS35 retromer subcomplex. A hairpin loop protruding from RidL inserts into a conserved pocket on VPS29 that is also used by cellular ligands, such as Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16 domain family member 5 (TBC1D5) and VPS9-ankyrin repeat protein for VPS29 binding. Consistent with the idea of molecular mimicry in protein interactions, RidL outcompeted TBC1D5 for binding to VPS29. Furthermore, the interaction of RidL with retromer did not interfere with retromer dimerization but was essential for association of RidL with retromer-coated vacuolar and tubular endosomes. Our work thus provides structural and mechanistic evidence into how ...
Macrophages can be niches for bacterial pathogens or antibacterial effector cells depending on the pathogen and signals from the immune system. Here we show that type I and II IFNs are master regulators of gene expression during Legionella pneumophila infection, and activators of an alveolar macrophage-intrinsic immune response that restricts bacterial growth during pneumonia. Quantitative mass spectrometry revealed that both IFNs substantially modify Legionella-containing vacuoles, and comparative analyses reveal distinct subsets of transcriptionally and spatially IFN-regulated proteins. Immune-responsive gene (IRG)1 is induced by IFNs in mitochondria that closely associate with Legionella-containing vacuoles, and mediates production of itaconic acid. This metabolite is bactericidal against intravacuolar L. pneumophila as well as extracellular multidrug-resistant Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Our study explores the ...
The Orange County Health Care Agency announced Friday that they have discovered the likely source for an outbreak of Legionnaires disease that occurred last month in Anaheim. The culprit appears to be two large cooling towers in Disneyland near the New Orleans Square Train Station. Officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention became concerned in September when reports emerged of 12 different cases of Legionnaires disease, a lung infection caused by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila. The Legionella pneumophila bacteria flourishes in warm water and is easily spread through water droplets. When the contaminated droplets are inhaled by humans, they can develop a lung infection. Most people infected with Legionella pneumophila never show any symptoms. However, people with lung problems or with immune disorders are particularly vulnerable to Legionnaires disease. All 12 of the infected patients are residents of Anaheim or had been in Anaheim within the last month. Nine of the ...
Vesicle transport and membrane trafficking in eukaryotic cells is highly regulated and depends on the function of more than 60 Rab GTPases, which play pivotal roles in these processes. Rabs control vesicle budding, membrane localization, and recruitment of effectors to direct cargo to their correct destination. It is for this reason that several pathogenic bacteria manipulate these proteins to establish a replicative niche for themselves. The focus of our laboratory is to elucidate how intracellular bacterial pathogens manipulate Rab function to promote their virulence and to uncover fundamental principles of membrane traffic. To accomplish this, we will utilize the intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila as a model. Legionella pneumophila is responsible for a severe pneumonia called Legionnaires disease and cause infection via inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Following phagocytosis by host alveolar macrophages, L. pneumophila avoids fusion with ...
Abs confer protection from secondary infection with Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires disease. In this study, we demonstrate that Ab-mediated protection is effective across L. pneumophila serogroups, suggesting that Abs specific for conserved protein Ags are sufficient to mediate this protective effect. We used two independent methods to identify immunogenic L. pneumophila protein Ags, namely, the screening of a λ phage library representing the complete L. pneumophila genome and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis combined with Western blot analysis and protein spot identification by mass spectrometry. A total of 30 novel L. pneumophila B cell Ags were identified, the majority of which are located in or associated with the bacterial membrane, where they are accessible for Abs and, therefore, likely to be relevant for Ab-mediated protection against L. pneumophila. Selected B cell Ags were ...
In this study, we analyzed L. pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates by SBT from three water sources in China: cooling towers, hot springs, and potable water systems. Furthermore, isolates from China were compared with isolates from Japan and South Korea. Our findings revealed that STs had several unique allelic profiles and that ST1 of L. pneumophila serogroup 1 was the most prevalent sequence type in China. Additionally, the distributions of isolate STs differed among the water sources and cities.. Even though 23 of the 42 STs obtained in this study were unique to China, the EWGLI SBT database indicated that there were single-locus variants abroad of the majority of the STs. Therefore, a few STs might be unique to China. In our previous study, we reported four Legionnaires disease cases attributed to ST36 and ST346 strains (22). However, no isolates belonging to these two STs were isolated in this study. In 2011, we detected a case of Legionnaires disease caused by an L. pneumophila serogroup 1 ...
1] Waterer GW, Baselski VS, & Wunderink RG: Legionella and community-acquired pneumonia: a review of current diagnostic tests from a clinicians viewpoint. Am J Med 2001; 110:41-48. [2] Lindsay DS, Abraham WH, Findlay W, et al: Laboratory diagnosis of legionnaires disease due to Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1: comparison of phenotypic and genotypic methods. J Med Microbiol 2004; 53(Pt 3):183-187. [3] Murdoch DR: Diagnosis of Legionella infection.. Clin Infect Dis 2003; 36:64-69. [4] Helbig JH, Uldum SA, Bernander S, et al: Clinical utility of urinary antigen detection for diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia, travel-associated, and nosocomial legionnaires disease.. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41:37-43. [5] Dominguez JA, Gali N, Pedroso P, et al: Comparison of the Binax Legionella urinary antigen enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with the Biotest Legionella Urin antigen EIA for detection of Legionella antigen in both concentrated and ...
Survival and distribution of legionellae in the environment are assumed to be associated with their multiplication in amoebae, whereas the ability to multiply in macrophages is usually regarded to correspond to pathogenicity. Since most investigations focused on Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, we examined the intracellular multiplication of different Legionella species in Mono Mac 6 cells, which express phenotypic and functional features of mature monocytes, and in Acanthamoeba castellanii, an environmental host of Legionella spp. According to the bacterial doubling time in Mono Mac 6 cells and in A. castellanii, seven clusters of legionellae could be defined which could be split further with regard to finer differences. L. longbeachae serogroup 1, L. jordanis, and L. anisa were not able to multiply in either A. castellanii or Mono Mac 6 cells and are members of the first cluster. L. dumoffi did not multiply in Mono Mac 6 cells but showed a delayed multiplication in A. castellanii 72 h ...
Chlamydophila pneumoniae ATCC ® 53592D™ Designation: DNA from Chlamydophila pneumoniae strain AR-39 (ATCC ® 53592™) Application: It is suitable for use in PCR and other molecular bacteriology and virology applications.
AMPylation, a posttranslational modification in which adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is added to hydroxyl side chains of protein substrates, is employed by many bacterial pathogens to subvert host signaling pathways during infection. The Legionella pneumophila effector protein SidM is a multifunctional enzyme that targets the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rab1 to manipulate intracellular vesicular trafficking in the host cell. SidM recruits Rab1 to the membranes of Legionella-containing vacuoles and activates Rab1 through its guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity. SidM then AMPylates Rab1, converting it into a constitutively active form that cannot be accessed by LepB, a GTPase-activating protein that is secreted by L. pneumophila. However, the molecular event that eventually leads to Rab1 inactivation and subsequent removal from Legionella-containing vacuoles has remained unknown. New evidence has identified SidD as a de-AMPylase that removes AMP from Rab1, which enables its ...
Legionella pneumophilia is a gram-negative rod which is able to multiply within phagocytic cells. The process of phagocytosis leads to a rapid environmental change that might require a coordinate regulation of gene expression to ensure intracellular survival. Since there is little information on up- and downregulation of genes during the early phases of phagocytosis, we radiolabeled intracellular L. pneumophila at different times after phagocytosis by macrophages of the Mono Mac 6 cell line and immunoprecipitated antigens with antilegionella sera or monoclonal antibodies. We could identify two antigens which were upregulated, one of which was the Mip protein, three antigens which were downregulated, and three antigens which were not detectable in extracellularly grown L. pneumophila. The Mip protein was stained most intensively 4 to 8 h after intracellular infection, suggesting that it is needed during intracellular multiplication rather than initiation of infection. A 44-kDa antigen which was ...
MEMPHIS, Tenn. - Health officials are investigating a Legionnaires disease outbreak in the hotel located at Graceland, the tourist attraction centred on the life of late singer Elvis Presley in Memphis, Tennessee.. The Shelby County Health Department said in a news release Thursday that three people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires disease and the pool and hot tub at The Guest House at Graceland hotel are temporarily closed. The hotel is located near the Graceland museum.. People who visited the hotel between May 15 and June 26 and have symptoms should contact the department. Legionnaires disease has symptoms similar to pneumonia, including cough, high fever and headaches. Symptoms can last between two and 14 days after exposure.. In a statement released by the department, the hotel says it is co-operating with health officials.. Read more at: http://www.660news.com/2017/06/29/officials-legionnaires-disease-outbreak-at-graceland-hotel/ ...
Legionellosis, also known as Legionnaires Disease, is a pulmonary disease caused by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila. It is transmitted by droplets from contaminated water sources.
Definition : Molecular assay reagents intended to identify Chlamydophila pneumoniae, a bacterium of the family Chlamydiaceae, by detecting specific genetic information of the ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) of the target bacteria. These bacteria may cause respiratory infections and mild atypical pneumonia.. Entry Terms : "Chlamydophila pneumoniae Detection/Identification Reagents" , "Chlamydophila Species Detection/Identification Reagents" , "Reagents, Molecular Assay, Infection, Bacteria, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, RRNA". UMDC code : 21528 ...
Scientist and engineer, Sarah Ferrari, who is a member of the Alliance to Prevent Legionnaires Disease, a coalition of subject matter experts and stakeholders formed to promote best practices on Legionnaires Disease prevention joined me in the second part of this interview on Legionnaires disease and Legionella.. LISTEN: Legionnaires disease and Legionella, Part One. ...
Legionella pneumophila is the bacteria that causes Legionnaires disease. The is a pneumonic illness. It was first discovered in Philadelphis in 1976, when it caused an outbreak of pneumonia at an American Legion Convention, infecting 221 people and killing 34. Legionnaires disease is difficult to distinguish from any other type of pneumonia. The four major methods for diagnosis are: determination of antibody level, demonstration of the bacterium in tissues or body fluids by using immunofluorescent microscopy, actual isolation of the organism on culture media, and detection of antigenuria. If left untreated, the disease has a 5-80% mortality rate. Immunocompromised individuals are less likely to survive an infection than immunocompetent patients. Risk factors for Legionnaires disease include: immunosuppression, cigarette smoking, renal failure, age greater than 50 years, AIDS, hematologic malignancies, and lung cancer. In addition, males are ...
Pourquier, P. (IDvet, France), Rodalakis, A and Mohamad, KY (INRA, Nouzilly, France). Preliminary validation of a new commercial ELISA kit for the detection of antibodies directed against C. abortus. Presented at the WAVLD Conference, 2007 ...
Two outbreaks of Legionnaires disease were detected in Genesee County during the time Flint was getting its water from the river, according to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The first, between June 2014 and March 2015, included 45 confirmed cases, with five associated fatalities. Between May and October 2015, there were 42 confirmed cases and four deaths. The average number of Legionnaires disease cases reported in Genesee County over the previous 4 years was between six and 13 ...
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The Health Department is currently investigating an outbreak of Legionnaires disease in the South Bronx. Thirty-one cases have been reported since July 10. There have also been two deaths reported in patients with Legionnaires disease in these neighborhoods. The Health Department is actively investigating these deaths and their relationship to the outbreak. The Health Department is testing water from cooling towers and other potential sources in the area to determine the source of the outbreak. New Yorkers with respiratory symptoms, such as fever, cough, chills and muscle aches, are advised to promptly seek medical attention. "We are concerned about this unusual increase in Legionnaires disease cases in the South Bronx," said Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett. "We are conducting a swift investigation to determine the source of the outbreak and prevent future cases. I urge anyone with symptoms to seek medical attention right away." Legionnaires disease is caused by the bacteria Legionella. ...
Methods: The presence of a subclinical C. psittaci infection was investigated in 64 patients with psoriasis, including 12 patients with psoriatic arthritis. Two hundred and twenty-five healthy controls were also investigated. The presence of infection was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells using several polymerase chain reaction protocols, targeting different regions of the bacterial genome. The DNA of other species (Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydia trachomatis) was also investigated ...
There are many reasons not to keep pet parrots. Theyre long-lived birds that require years, if not decades, of care. They can be messy and destructive. And, above all, many species are in danger of extinction and quelching the market for them is one helpful thing we can do. But, todays parasite is another reason. Chlamydophila psittaci is a species of bacteria that causes a very serious disease in both birds and mammals, including humans, known as psittacosis. These bacteria have a pretty unusual life cycle - they alternate between being intracellular bacteria in the lungs of their hosts and very resistant stages known as "elementary bodies." When engulfed by phagocytosis and attacked with a lysosome, the elementary bodies say "Ha!" and just begin to replicate instead - even going so far as to use some of the host cells own organelles. Eventually they kill the host cell and become elementary bodies again, ready to reinfect this host or be spread to another one. In 1929, a major outbreak of ...
Identification of proteins differentially expressed by Chlamydia trachomatis treated with chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 during intracellular growth. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Fast Shipping. Great Low Price. For use in vaccinating healthy ewes to aid in the control of ovine enzootic abortion. Two doses are recommended. Give the first dose at least 60 days before ewes are exposed to rams, followed by a second dose 30 days later. Revaccinate annually.Chlamydia Psittaci Ewe Vaccine Colorado Serum Miscellaneous | Vaccines | Goat Sheep | Farm
Chlamydophila (Formerly Chlamydia) Pneumoniae Infection answers are found in the 5-Minute Pediatric Consult powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Pneumonia, Chlamydophila. In: Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ. Papadakis M.A., McPhee S.J. Eds. Maxine A. Papadakis, and Stephen J. McPhee.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2017 New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2033§ionid=152415161. Accessed January 24, 2018 ...
Homologous recombination (HR) is essential for the accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), potentially lethal lesions. HR takes place in the late S-G2 phase of the cell cycle and involves the generation of a single-stranded region of DNA, followed by strand invasion, formation of a Holliday junction, DNA synthesis using the intact strand as a template, branch migration and resolution. It is investigated that RecA/Rad51 family proteins play a central role. The breast cancer susceptibility protein Brca2 and the RecQ helicase BLM (Bloom syndrome mutated) are tumor suppressors that maintain genome integrity, at least in part, through HR ...
Feline chlamydial conjunctivitis, or chlamydophila (previously known as feline pneumonitis) is an infection caused by a bacterial organism called Chlamydophila felis (previously known as Chlamydia psittaci [feline strain]). Although the term pneumonitis implies inflammation of the lungs, the most common symptoms of C. felis infection involve the eyes or the upper respiratory tract (nose or throat), and only when infection is not treated does it spread to the lungs.. ...
What Is Feline Chlamydiosis?. Feline chlamydiosis (also called feline pneumonitis) is caused by the bacterial organism Chlamydophila felis (C. felis). The C. felis organism does not live for very long in the environment, so infection is generally spread through direct or close contact with a sick cat. Because infected cats sometimes sneeze, contact with these droplets can also spread the infection.. Signs of Feline Chlamydiosis. The primary clinical sign associated with feline chlamydiosis infection is conjunctivitis (inflammation of the inner eyelids and associated tissues). When conjunctivitis occurs, the eyes can become bloodshot and often develop a discharge. The discharge may be watery or thicker, resembling mucus. One or both eyes may be affected. Sometimes an infected cat may squint or rub its eyes. The severity of infection can vary, so other clinical signs, such as fever and sneezing, may also be observed.. Because feline chlamydiosis can occur along with other organisms that cause ...
Chlamydia pecorum is a globally recognised pathogen of livestock and koalas. To date, comparative genomics of C. pecorum strains from sheep, cattle and koalas has revealed that only single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a limited number of pseudogenes appear to contribute to the genetic diversity of this pathogen. No chlamydial plasmid has been detected in these strains despite its ubiquitous presence in almost all other chlamydial species. Genomic analyses have not previously included C. pecorum from porcine hosts. We sequenced the genome of three C. pecorum isolates from pigs with differing pathologies in order to re-evaluate the genetic differences and to update the phylogenetic relationships between C. pecorum from each of the hosts. Whole genome sequences for the three porcine C. pecorum isolates (L1, L17 and L71) were acquired using C. pecorum-specific sequence capture probes with culture-independent methods, and assembled in CLC Genomics Workbench. The pairwise
Looking for online definition of Avian chlamydiosis in the Medical Dictionary? Avian chlamydiosis explanation free. What is Avian chlamydiosis? Meaning of Avian chlamydiosis medical term. What does Avian chlamydiosis mean?
Avian chlamydiosis is a zoonotic disease of birds caused by the intracellular bacterium Chlamydophila psittaci. This disease is called psittacosis in humans. It may be called either avian chlamydiosis or psittacosis in psittacine birds; the term avian chlamydiosis is generally used in other avian species. Infections are particularly common among psittacine birds and pigeons, but most or all species of birds are probably susceptible. Some birds carry this organism asymptomatically. Others become mildly to severely ill, either immediately or after they have been stressed. Significant economic losses may be seen in turkeys and ducks, and high mortality can occur in clinically affected psittacines. Humans are readily infected by C. psittaci. In 1929, exposure to imported pet psittacines caused a pandemic in the U.S. and Europe. Since that time, improved screening and control of avian infections have decreased the incidence of human disease. However, C. psittaci is difficult to eliminate entirely; sporadic
Looking for Feline herpesvirus? Find out information about Feline herpesvirus. of, relating to, or belonging to the Felidae , a family of predatory mammals, including cats, lions, leopards, and cheetahs, typically having a round head... Explanation of Feline herpesvirus
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of dietary lysine supplementation in cats with enzootic upper respiratory disease. AU - Maggs, David J. AU - Sykes, Jane E. AU - Clarke, Heather E.. AU - Yoo, Seung H.. AU - Kass, Philip H. AU - Lappin, Michael R.. AU - Rogers, Quinton. AU - Waldron, Mark K.. AU - Fascetti, Andrea J. PY - 2007/4. Y1 - 2007/4. N2 - To determine the effectiveness of dietary lysine supplementation in cats with enzootic upper respiratory disease (URD), 50 cats were fed a ration containing 11 or 51 g lysine/kg diet for 52 days. Food intake, body weight, clinical signs, plasma amino acid concentrations and presence of Chlamydophila felis or feline herpesvirus (FHV)-1 DNA within the conjunctival fornix were assessed. Food and lysine intake of both dietary groups decreased between days 17 and 22, coinciding with peak disease and viral presence. Mean disease score for cats fed the supplemented ration (0.94) was higher than for those fed the basal diet (0.21); however, this could be attributed to a ...
Indirect immunofluorescent assay kit to simultaneously test IgG or IgM antibodies against the main ethiological bacterial agents causing respiratory tract infections: Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci
A major risk factor which may contribute to Cp. psittaci zoonotic transmission concerns the fact that when pigeons increase their egg-laying rate there is a concomitant increase in bacterial excretion during egg incubation and chick feeding (12,19,20). This is particularly serious considering that residences windows and air conditioning spaces, especially bedrooms, are used by pigeons during breeding and feeding. Heddema et al., 2006 (19) reported that 5 %-10 % of pigeons faecal samples in urban populations in Amsterdam were infected with Cp. psittaci, although this work did not show zoonotic transmission events. However, the bacteria was detected directly in exposed populations clinical samples and faecal samples from birds collected by participants in this study which could have represented direct evidence of zoonotic transmission from birds to humans. Given that conventional serological, PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR techniques do not allow accurate discrimination of currently-known ...
The results indicated that the lynx had low rates of contact with viral pathogens, with one seropositive finding each for feline leukemia virus, parvovirus and canine adenovirus-1, whereas contact with bacteria and protozoa appeared more frequent. Active infections with parvovirus, Ehrlichia spp., Mycobacterium bovis,Leptospira interrogans and Cytauxzoon spp. were confirmed. In contrast, 53% of the domestic cats were exposed to some infectious agent (prevalence range 4.5-11.4%). Antibodies to canine distemper virus and parvovirus were frequently found in dogs (32% and 42%, respectively) and foxes (30% and 12%). Past or present infections with parvovirus, Ehrlichia spp., Chlamydophila spp., M. bovis, Salmonella enterica, L. interrogans, Toxoplasma gondii, and Neospora caninum were also detected in these and other species surveyed ...
A syndrome reported in the USA and Europe, typically affecting multiple cats in a group,3 but individual cats too.4 Associated with high mortality (30-50%), interestingly especially in adult cats. Clinical signs include facial and paw cutaneous oedema and ulceration, bruising, pyrexia, icterus and cat flu signs.. Chlamydophila felis. C. felis is a common cause of conjunctivitis, especially in young (, 1 year of age) cats.5 Conjunctivitis, ocular discharge (initially serous and unilateral, then mucopurulent and bilateral) and chemosis are seen, but corneal ulceration is not a feature. Occasionally may see sneezing and a nasal discharge too.. Mycoplasma spp. and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Both Mycoplasma spp. and B. bronchiseptica can be found in normal cats, but have also been associated with disease. Mycoplasma spp. can cause conjunctivitis, and an association with URTD has been reported,6 whilst B. bronchiseptica can cause ocular and nasal discharge, sneezing, pyrexia ± coughing.7. Carrier ...
Ready to use lyophilised master mixes (8-well strips each) for detection of feline calicivirus, feline herpesvirus-1, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Chlamydophila felis, Mycoplasma felis and internal control. ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for Q252W9 (RS5_CHLFF), 30S ribosomal protein S5. Chlamydia felis (strain Fe/C-56) (Chlamydophila felis)
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Bacteria that can cause pneumonia include Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae, Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) psittaci, and Legionella pneumophila. These bacteria are referred to as atypical…
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for P94664 (OMCB_CHLCV), Large cysteine-rich periplasmic protein OmcB. Chlamydophila caviae (strain ATCC VR-813 / DSM 19441 / GPIC)(Chlamydia caviae)
2017 Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.. CPT Statement/Profile Statement. The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2017, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf. ...
Avian chlamydiosis (psittacosis) is caused by the intracellular bacterium Chlamydia (previously Chlamydophila) psittaci (Andersen and Franson 2007). Birds are natural hosts of C psittaci, and a wide range of avian species are susceptible to infection (Kaleta and Taday 2003). C psittaci causes potentially severe zoonotic disease, and captive psittacines have most often been implicated as the source of infection in humans (Vanrompay and others 1995).. While C psittaci infection is prevalent in wild columbiforms in Britain (Bracewell and Bevan 1986, Sharples and Baines 2009), its prevalence in wild passerines is unknown. Some studies in continental Europe have demonstrated a high prevalence of subclinical C psittaci infection in Paridae (tit species). For example, Holzinger-Umlauf and others (1997) detected Chlamydia sp. in 54 per cent of 399 free-living, apparently healthy Paridae in Germany, but Zweifel and others (2009) failed to detect C psittaci in any of the 527 free-living passerines ...
The Chlamydiaceae are a family of bacteria that belongs to the phylum Chlamydiae, order Chlamydiales. All Chlamydiaceae species are Gram-negative and express the family-specific lipopolysaccharide epitope αKdo-(2→8)-αKdo-(2→4)-αKdo (previously called the genus-specific epitope). Chlamydiaceae ribosomal RNA genes all have at least 90% DNA sequence identity. Chlamydiaceae species have varying inclusion morphology, varying extrachromosomal plasmid content, and varying sulfadiazine resistance. The Chlamydiaceae family currently includes two genera and one candidate genus: Chlamydia, Chlamydophila, and candidatus Clavochlamydia. Three species belong to Chlamydia: C. trachomatis, C. muridarum, and C. suis. C. trachomatis has been found only in humans, C. muridarum in hamsters and mice (family Muridae), and C. suis in swine. Chlamydia species produce a small amount of detectable glycogen and have two ribosomal operons. C. trachomatis is the cause of an infection commonly transmitted sexually ...
Brucella abortus induces an inflammatory response that stimulates the endocrine system resulting in the secretion of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Osteoarticular brucellosis is the most common presentation of the active disease in humans and we have previously demonstrated that B. abortus infection inhibits osteoblast function. We aimed to evaluate the role of cortisol and DHEA on osteoblast during B. abortus infection. B. abortus infection induces apoptosis and inhibits osteoblast function. DHEA treatment reversed the effect of B. abortus infection on osteoblast by increasing their proliferation, inhibiting osteoblast apoptosis and reversing the inhibitory effect of B. abortus on osteoblast differentiation and function. In contrast, cortisol increased the effect of B. abortus infection. Cortisol regulates target genes by binding to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). B. abortus infection inhibited GR-α expression. Cells responses to cortisol not only depend on GR expression but also on its
2017 The Author(s). The order Chlamydiales are biphasic intracellular bacterial pathogens infecting humans and domesticated animals. Wildlife infections have also been reported, with the most studied example being Chlamydia pecorum infections in the koala, an iconic Australian marsupial. In koalas, molecular evidence suggests that spill-over from C. pecorum infected livestock imported into Australia may have had a historical or contemporary role. Despite preliminary evidence that other native Australian marsupials also carry C. pecorum, their potential as reservoirs of this pathogen and other Chlamydia-related bacteria (CRBs) has been understudied. Mucosal epithelial samples collected from over 200 native Australian marsupials of different species and geographic regions across Australia were PCR screened for Chlamydiales. Previously described and genetically distinct C. pecorum genotypes and a range of 16S rRNA genotypes sharing similarity to different CRBs in the broader Chlamydiales order ...
Diseases associated with Chlamydia pecorum infection are a major cause of decline in koala populations in Australia. While koalas in care can generally be treated, a vaccine is considered the only option to effectively reduce the threat of infection and disease at the population level. In the current study, we vaccinated 30 free-ranging koalas with a prototype Chlamydia pecorum vaccine consisting of a recombinant chlamydial MOMP adjuvanted with an immune stimulating complex. An additional cohort of 30 animals did not receive any vaccine and acted as comparison controls. Animals accepted into this study were either uninfected (Chlamydia PCR negative) at time of initial vaccination, or infected (C. pecorum positive) at either urogenital (UGT) and/or ocular sites (Oc), but with no clinical signs of chlamydial disease. All koalas were vaccinated / sampled and then re-released into their natural habitat before re-capturing and re-sampling at 6 and 12 months. All vaccinated koalas produced a strong immune
Chlamydiaceae are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria. They are responsible for a broad range of diseases in animals and humans. In pigs, Chlamydia suis, Chlamydia abortus, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia psittaci have been isolated. Chlamydiaceae infections in pigs are associated with different pathologies such as conjunctivitis, pneumonia, pericarditis, polyarthritis, polyserositis, pseudo-membranous or necrotizing enteritis, periparturient dysgalactiae syndrome, vaginal discharge, return to oestrus, abortion, mummification, delivery of weak piglets, increased perinatal and neonatal mortality and inferior semen quality, orchitis, epididymitis and urethritis in boars. However, Chlamydiaceae are still considered as non-important pathogens because reports of porcine chlamydiosis are rare. Furthermore, Chlamydiaceae infections are often unnoticed because tests for Chlamydiaceae are not routinely performed in all veterinary diagnostic laboratories and Chlamydiaceae ...
Blocks bacterial protein synthesis at the level of the 50S ribosomal subunit. Therapeutic Effects: Resolution of infection. Spectrum: Active against the following organisms: Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin and erythromycin-susceptible strains only), Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multidrug-resistant strains), Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. ...
This idea of the C. abortus becoming latent in the host ewe is a concern as it means that when buying in new animals, great care needs to be taken when sourcing replacement stock. Once in a flock the disease is difficult to eradicate. While initially only one or two animals may lose their lambs during initial season, the ease of transmission and difficult of diagnosis may eventually lead to an outbreak of up to 30% losses in one season. These losses can be reduced by the use of antibiotics in the midst of lambing time, however the damage already done to the tissues involved in the infection are irreversible and vaccination still remains the best option ...
The literature on the various disease syndromes caused by chlamydia in domestic and laboratory animals is summarized. A review of the pathological lesions which characterize these diseases is presented and the pathogenesis of chlamydiosis is briefly discussed. Some aspects of unpublished findings on the occurrence of intestinal, kidney and genital lesions in natural and experimental cases of chlamydiosis in cattle and sheep, abortions and conjunctivitis in horses in South Africa are recorded ...
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A retrospective study on reptile tissues presenting with granulomatous inflammation was performed to detect the possible presence of mycobacteria and chlamydiae in these lesions. Ninety cases including 48 snakes, 27 chelonians, and 15 lizards were selected. Mycobacteria were detected by Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining and a broad-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by DNA sequencing. To detect chlamydiae, immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies against chlamydial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and a Chlamydiales order-specific PCR and sequencing were applied. Acid-fast bacilli were found in 14 cases (15.6%) by ZN staining and in 23 cases (25.6%) by PCR. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of Mycobacteria other than Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MOTT). Chlamydial LPS antigen was observed within granulomas from five samples (5.6%), whereas the PCR screen revealed 58 positive cases (64.4%). Of these, 9 cases (10%) showed 98-99% similarity to Chlamydophila (Cp.) ...
article{8523110, abstract = {Endothelial-endocrine cell interactions and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A signalling are deemed essential for maternal islet vascularisation, glucose control and beta cell expansion during mouse pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess whether pregnancy-associated beta cell expansion was affected under conditions of islet hypovascularisation. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFLT1), a VEGF-A decoy receptor, was conditionally overexpressed in maternal mouse beta cells from 1.5 to 14.5 days post coitum. Islet vascularisation, glycaemic control, beta cell proliferation, individual beta cell size and total beta cell volume were assessed in both pregnant mice and non-pregnant littermates. Conditional overexpression of sFLT1 in beta cells resulted in islet hypovascularisation and glucose intolerance in both pregnant and non-pregnant mice. In contrast to non-pregnant littermates, glucose intolerance in pregnant mice was transient. sFLT1 overexpression ...
Psittacosis, a bacterial infection typically acquired from birds such as parrots, has been confirmed as the cause of serious respiratory illnesses among three of five workers at an animal health center in Hong Kong, the territorys Centre for Health Protection (CHP) announced yesterday. The three patients, aged 55, 62, and 27, tested positive for Chlamydophila psittaci by polymerase chain reaction, the CHP said. Two of the three remain hospitalized, but one, the 27-year-old, was released Nov 22. The three are among five men working at Hong Kongs New Territories North Animal Management Centre (NTNAMC) who were hospitalized with respiratory illnesses. They are all employees of Hong Kongs Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD). The CHP said another eight AFCD employees at the NTNAMC, among 59 who were contacted, have respiratory symptoms and will be tested for psittacosis. The cases had prompted testing for the novel coronavirus that recently infected six men from Saudi Arabia ...
First-line analysis clearly identified Chlamydophila psittaci in the RNA sample from patient 2, but no sequences of obvious pathogenic origin were detected in samples from patient 1 (Figure). C. psittaci, an intracellular bacterium, can be transmitted by inhaling aerosolized secretions or feces from infected birds (3). Person-to-person transmission of this bacterium is rare (4,5). Ornithosis, a disease characterized by severe pneumonia and influenza-like symptoms, might develop in persons infected with this bacterium. Because of the rarity of the disease, standard diagnostic panels usually do not include C. psittaci. After 11 days of antimicrobial drug treatment, the condition of patient 2 improved, and the patient was transferred to a general hospital ward.. On April 29, a third police officer (patient 3) who had been sharing office space with patient 2, came to the hospital with symptoms of pneumonia. After antimicrobial drug treatment, ...
Brucella abortus is a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen, which causes abortion in cattle and undulant fever in human. B. abortus strain RB51 (Strain RB51) is the official vaccine for bovine brucellosis in the USA. B. abortus strain RB51 can be used as a vector for the over-expression of its own (homologous) as well as heterologous protective antigens. The immune system can detect these heterologous antigens and produce a response. Expressing a protein in different bacterial compartments has been shown to affect its accessibility to the immune system and the way the antigen is processed by antigen presenting cells. In order to determine if the immune response is affected by the localization of the antigen, green fluorescent protein (GFP) was expressed at three different locations in B. abortus strain RB51, outer-membrane (OM), periplasmic space (PS) and in the cytoplasmic region (CR) of B. abortus strain RB51. This localization was obtained by transforming strain ...
飯島 義雄 , 秋吉 京子 , 田中 忍 , 貫名 正文 , 伊藤 正寛 , 春田 恒和 , 井上 明 , 安藤 秀二 , 岸本 寿男 感染症学雑誌 : 日本伝染病学会機関誌 : the journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 83(5), 500-505, 2009-09-20 医中誌Web 参考文献10件 ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; PVC group; Chlamydiae; Chlamydiia; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia; Chlamydia ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; PVC group; Chlamydiae; Chlamydiia; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia; Chlamydia ...
The first case of bovine chlamydial abortion was reported in canton Graubunden, Switzerland. In this region, Chlamydophila (Cp.) abortus is endemic in small ruminants. So the incidence of chlamydia-related abortions in cattle from this region was evaluated in this brandnew study - and a potential zoonotic risk was detected.
Mami-Dade County Animal Services offers low-cost comprehensive wellness vaccine packages to help keep your furry best friends healthy.. A comprehensive vaccination program, or pet care package, can protect dogs and cats from many common, serious and even fatal diseases. For dogs, the packages contain the legally required rabies vaccine, along with the combination vaccine DHPP which provides protection against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus and Parainfluenza, as well as the Bordetella vaccine which prevents kennel cough - all highly contagious and sometimes fatal diseases for dogs.. The packages for cats also include the legally required rabies vaccine along with FRCPC. Those letters stand for Feline Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia and Chlamydophila, all viruses that can prove to be fatal in cats.. Below, youll find the pet care package options:. Pet care packages for dogs:. ...
Once in contact with the host immune system, the microorganism faces the hosts tightly integrated cellular and humoral immune responses. Cellular immunity, comprising T lymphocytes, macrophages, and natural killer cells, primarily recognizes and combats pathogens that proliferate intracellularly. Cellular immune mechanisms are important in immunity to all classes of infectious agents, including most viruses and many bacteria (e.g., Mycoplasma, Chlamydophila, Listeria, Salmonella, and Mycobacterium), parasites (e.g., Trypanosoma, Toxoplasma, and Leishmania), and fungi (e.g., Histoplasma, Cryptococcus, and Coccidioides). Usually, T lymphocytes are activated by macrophages and B lymphocytes, which present foreign antigens along with the hosts own major histocompatibility complex antigen to the T-cell receptor. Activated T cells may then act in several ways to fight infection. Cytotoxic T cells may directly attack and lyse host cells that express foreign antigens. Helper T cells stimulate the ...
Chlamydophila, Leukaemia, Panleukopenia are just some of the words you may hear your veterinarian referring to when discussing cat diseases in the community.
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Trachoma is the leading cause of preventable blindness. Commercial assays do not discriminate among all Chlamydiaceae species that might be involved in trachoma. We investigated whether a commercial Micro-ArrayTube could discriminate Chlamydiaceae species in DNA extracted directly from conjunctival samples from 101 trachoma patients in Nepal. To evaluate organism viability, we extracted RNA, reverse transcribed it, and subjected it to quantitative real-time PCR. We found that 71 (70.3%) villagers were infected. ArrayTube sensitivity was 91.7% and specificity was 100% compared with that of real-time PCR. Concordance between genotypes detected by microarray and ompA genotyping was 100%. Species distribution included 54 (76%) single infections with Chlamydia trachomatis, C. psittaci, C. suis, or C. pecorum, and 17 (24%) mixed infections that includied C. pneumoniae. Ocular infections were caused by 5 Chlamydiaceae species. Additional studies of trachoma pathogenesis involving ...
Because the clinical symptoms of chlamydiosis are similar to those of other feline upper respiratory infections, it is important to accurately identify the bacteria before successful treatment can be administered. Traditionally culture was used, but it is very difficult to differentiate by culture C. felis from other bacteria also found in eye discharge. Immunofluorescent staining has also been used to identify C. felis, but this techniques sensitivity is also not high. However, molecular detection by PCR is a rapid, sensitive and specific method to detect this bacterium. ...
The fact that antelope play a considerable part in nature as a reservoir for T. gambiense has now been thoroughly established. Both laboratory and field results agree in confirming the suspicion which for some time past has attached to these animals. In the case of T. gambiense, however, there is nothing very remarkable in the observation that the presence of the trypanosome in their blood apparently exerts no harmful effect on the antelope. T. gambiense cannot be considered as a fatal trypanosome for ruminants generally. In the case of pecorum, however, matters are different. This trypanosome, according to Bruce and his collaborators, causes a rapidly fatal disease in cattle and domestic animals generally. Though apparently widely distributed throughout Uganda, nothing definite is at present known concerning its true carrier in nature. The presence of the disease in districts where tsetse are unknown shows that some other agent is capable of conveying this trypanosome. The behaviour of ...
For vaccinating healthy, susceptible sheep against Chlamydia Psittaci, a group of micro-organisms that cause enzootic abortion in ewes (EAE). Ewes should be vaccinated 60 days prior to breeding. Administer second dose 30 days later. Re-vaccinate anually. This vaccine may cause a granuloma at the site of injection. 60 day slaughter withdrawal. Note: This item is a refrigerated pharmaceutical. Please see our Shipping page for important information. ...
Gutierrez, J, ODonovan, J, Proctor, A, Brady, C, Marques, PX, Worrall, S, Nally, JE, McElroy, M, Bassett, H, Fagan, J, Maley, S, Buxton, D, Sammin, D and Markey, BK (2012) Application of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis and enzootic abortion of ewes ...
Campylobacteriosis in Sheep Campylobacteriosis is a disease in sheep that causes bacterial abortion storms and still births. In the United Kingdom, campylobacteriosis ranks third after enzootic abortion and toxoplasmosis as a cause of abortion and affects about 5% of all abortions.
14 April 2000 Vaccines focus of DNA probeNEW research work may bring a change in the nature of vaccines used to control diseases such as enzootic abortion
American Journal of Veterinary ResearchJanuary 2009, Vol. 70, No. 1, Pages 99-104Assessment of viremia associated with experimental primary feline herpesvirus infection or presumed herpetic recrudescence in catsHans D. Westermeyer, DVM, Sara M. Thomasy, DVM, PhD, Helen Kado-Fong, MS, David J. Maggs, BVScObjective-To detect feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) in blood of cats undergoing experimental primary…
Looking for online definition of abortus in the Medical Dictionary? abortus explanation free. What is abortus? Meaning of abortus medical term. What does abortus mean?
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Mason Graphite Inc operates in the Miscellaneous Nonmetallic Minerals sector. Mason Graphite Inc. is a Canada-based exploration-stage company. The Company is engaged in exploration and evaluation of the Lac Gueret graphite property located in Quebec, Canada. The Companys Lac Gueret graphite property consists of approximately 215 claims covering an area of approximately 11,630.34 hectares, located in the Cote-Nord region in northeastern Quebec. The Lac Gueret deposit is located approximately 285 kilometers north of Baie-Comeau and over 660 kilometers from Montreal. The Lac Gueret property is in the exploration and evaluation-stage.
Elsa always had runny eyes. The two-year-old cat had been rescued as a kitten by Penn Vet student Jennifer Bortree. Elsa was treated at the time for feline herpesvirus (FHV-1), one of the most common causes of upper respiratory infections in cats. Among other symptoms, FHV-1 infection often impacts the eyes.. ...
The feline herpesvirus (FHV) is responsible for nasty respiratory infections in cats, and the disease can become chronic just like its human-specific counterpart. You arent at any risk of ...
MONTREAL, QUEBEC--(Marketwired - Sept. 11, 2017) - Mason Graphite Inc. (Mason Graphite or the Company) (TSX VENTURE:LLG)(OTCQX:MGPHF) is pleased to report that NanoXplore Inc. (NanoXplore) is now a public company and its shares began trading on the TSX Venture on September 8th, 2017 under the symbol GRA. NanoXplore became a...
Chlamydiosis is a bacterial infection that affects cats. It causes the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eye to become inflamed. Though its often relatively mild at first, affecting only one eye, this disease can progress to both eyes, leading to heavy discharge and such painful swelling that infected cats keeps their eyes half closed. The bacterium that causes Chlanydiosis is spread directly through cat to cat contact. The cats that are most susceptible are kittens and older cats that live in close proximity to lots of other felines. Pet medication such as antibiotics are very affective against this infection and a vaccine may also be useful in minimizing its affects. Left untreated, Chlanydiosis can become a chronic problem.. ...
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Das 26S Proteasom ist ein großer Proteinase-Komplex, der aus 32 unterschiedlichen Untereinheiten aufgebaut ist. Das 26S Proteasom ist involviert in die ATP-abhängige De-gradation von ubiquitinierten Proteinen, die eine Vielfalt an zellulären Prozessen wie Signaltransduktion, Stressantwort, transkriptionelle Regulation, Chromosomen-Segregation, DNA-Reparatur, Zellzyklus-Steuerung und die Prozessierung von Peptiden für die MHC I Antigen Präsentation regulieren. Die Prozessierung von Peptiden wird ver-stärkt durch eine Interferon ? stimulierbare Variante des Proteasoms übernommen, dem so genannten Immunoproteasom. Die Biogenese dieses großen Komplexes ist ein komplizierter Mechanismus, welcher Expression und Assemblierung der proteasomalen Untereinheiten beinhaltet. In Eukaryonten sind für die Assemblierung und Maturierungsprozesse Helferproteine notwendig. In Mammalia übernimmt diese Funktion das Proteasom maturation Protein POMP. POMP ist wahrscheinlich auch bei der Biogenese des ...
Ive got butterflies fluttering around like you wouldnt believe! Im taking a risk, putting myself out there and doing something Ive never done before. Im attending Alt Summit next week. Alt is the place where design and lifestyle bloggers come together to share ideas and connect. And I cannot believe Im going! I oohed and aahed over all the pictures and posts last year after this gal attended and told her I was absolutely tagging along with her this year. Well we signed up back in August and booked our room together, and truth be told, I was more excited just to go on a girls trip with her, ooh and aah over all the other fabulous creatives and maybe {hopefully} learn a thing or two. I kind of even questioned if I should be going considering I consider myself just a wanna-be blogger. This isnt my livelihood, rather just a fun outlet for me to document our crazy little life {and allow the grandmas to see pics!}. But as the months passed and Alt was nearing I started getting more and more ...
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Cíl: Zjistit, které z měřicích nástrojů byly využity k hodnocení kvality života (KŽ) u nemocných s chronickou pankreatitidou (CHP); dohledat případně existující specifický nástroj, který byl validován a standardizován přímo pro CHP; sumarizovat hlavní
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Bacterial Pneumonia: Infection with the Streptococcus Pneumoniae BacteriumBacterial Pneumonia: Infection with the Streptococcus Pneumoniae Bacterium

... is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. Pneumococcus usually causes lobar pneumonia, attacking an entire lobe or ... Infection with the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium, also called pneumococcus, ... Pneumonia Viral Pneumonia Bacterial Pneumonia Other Types of Pneumonia Pneumonia Diagnosis and treatment Tuberculosis: Type and ... Bacterial Pneumonia. Infection with the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium, also called pneumococcus, is the most common cause ...
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Home remedies for swelling veins, how you get rid of diaper rash joke, bacterial pneumonia caused by streptococcus mutansHome remedies for swelling veins, how you get rid of diaper rash joke, bacterial pneumonia caused by streptococcus mutans

How do you catch a bacterial sinus infection. How to get rid of pet urine stains 1982. Home remedies to get rid of under the ... fat Get rid of cat wee smell from carpet Holistic treatment for bladder infection in dogs treatment Treatment of bacterial ...
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Medical Care of Ill Disaster Evacuees|Natural Disasters and Severe WeatherMedical Care of Ill Disaster Evacuees|Natural Disasters and Severe Weather

Common bacterial pneumonias (Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae[pneumococcus]). *Group A streptococcus ... Report clusters of unexplained pneumonia or outbreaks of respiratory disease to state or local health departments. Pneumonia ... Group A streptococcal (Streptococcus pyrogenes) pharyngitis. Symptoms. Sudden onset of fever, exudative tonsillitis or sore ... A variety of bacterial and fungal pathogens can infect skin and soft tissues when their integrity has been compromised by ...
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pediatricradiologyflash Flashcards by Scott P | Brainscapepediatricradiologyflash Flashcards by Scott P | Brainscape

Bacterial pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumoniae. Mycobacterium. Staphylococcus. Haemophilus influenzae. Nonbacterial infection: ... When should repeat film in suspected round pneumonia be obtained to ensure resolution? ... Hyaline membrane disease (RDS and HMD). Group B b-hemolytic streptococcal pneumonia ...
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Eric Lee Nuermberger, M.D.Eric Lee Nuermberger, M.D.

Bacterial Pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Rhodococcus equi,. *HIV-Associated Nephropathy. Academic Affiliations & Courses ... His secondary interest is the experimental chemotherapy of pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, the leading cause of ... Nuermberger E & Bishai W. Management of community-acquired pneumonia caused by drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. In: ... Severe community-onset pneumonia in healthy adults caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying the Panton- ...
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Tis the Season: A Focus on...'Tis the Season: A Focus on...

... secondary bacterial pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae); pneumonia due to ... Pneumonia is the most common complication. Some people who develop complications have an increased risk of death. Contact your ... the percentages of adult deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza were at or above the epidemic threshold for 16 ... unusual pathogens (Aspergillus, Chlamydia pneumoniae, B-hemolytic Streptococcus, Legionella pneumophila); and exacerbations of ...
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Bactracillin G Benzathine for Animal Use - Drugs.comBactracillin G Benzathine for Animal Use - Drugs.com

1. Bacterial Pneumonia (shipping fever complex) (Streptococcus spp., Actinomyces pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus). ... It is normally recommended that any bacterial infection be treated as early as possible and with a dosage that will give ... This product is indicated for the treatment of the following bacterial infections in beef cattle due to penicillin-susceptible ... it is recommended that a second dose be administered at 48 hours when treating a penicillin-susceptible bacterial infection. ...
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Treatments for COVID-19 - Harvard HealthTreatments for COVID-19 - Harvard Health

Azithromycin is a commonly prescribed antibiotic for strep throat and bacterial pneumonia. Both drugs are inexpensive and ... especially pneumonia. These are only observations and not based on scientific studies. ...
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Pneumonia Symptoms, Signs, Treatment & VaccinePneumonia Symptoms, Signs, Treatment & Vaccine

... viral and bacterial (Pneumocystis carinii, Klebsiella, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia pneumoniae). Is Pneumonia contagious? ... Learn about pneumonia symptoms in adults and children, plus, read about causes, treatment, signs, diagnosis, the vaccine, and ... The most common cause of a bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. In this form of pneumonia, there is usually an ... It is important to make sure that a bacterial pneumonia does not secondarily develop. If it does, then the bacterial pneumonia ...
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Pneumonia | Home | Atypical | CDCPneumonia | Home | Atypical | CDC

Bacteria that can cause pneumonia include Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae, Chlamydophila (Chlamydia ... Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi. ... A common cause of typical bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Before modern diagnostic tests were available, ... Common Types of Pneumonia Caused by Atypical Bacteria. *Chlamydia pneumoniae Infection. This illness, caused by Chlamydia ...
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SRL Ranbaxy test to help detect SARS - Rediff.com BusinessSRL Ranbaxy test to help detect SARS - Rediff.com Business

The second panel will test bacterial pneumonia like streptococcus pneumoniae, mycoplasma pneumoniae and chlamydia. ... One panel developed by Ranbaxy will test viral pneumonia like influenza A virus, influenza B virus, parainfluenza virus, ...
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Recognizing Serious COPD ComplicationsRecognizing Serious COPD Complications

The CDC also notes that a common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. ... Pneumonia is ranked evenly with influenza as the eighth leading cause of death in the country. The illness is especially ... According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, common viral causes of pneumonia are the influenza virus, which ... Pneumonia occurs when germs like bacteria or viruses enter the lungs, creating an infection. ...
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Functions and Regulation of NF-κB RelA during Pneumococcal Pneumonia | The Journal of ImmunologyFunctions and Regulation of NF-κB RelA during Pneumococcal Pneumonia | The Journal of Immunology

The most common cause of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (4). As bacteria colonize the lower ... Expression and regulation of chemokines in bacterial pneumonia. J. Leukocyte Biol. 59: 24-28. ... Intrapulmonary tumor necrosis factor gene therapy increases bacterial clearance and survival in murine gram-negative pneumonia ... to determine requirements for RelA in bacterial killing during pneumonia. Lungs harvested from RelA-deficient mice had ∼100- ...
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Bacterial pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae) How to Succeed in Science Courses* 11.02 Community Acquired Pneumonia ... Streptococcus agalactiae (including ESBLs) 。S treptococcus anginosus group 。K. oxytoca 。Streptococcus pyogenes 。Acinetobacter ... Cephradine Streptococcus Staphylococcus (methicillin-susceptible) E. coli P. mirabilis K. pneumoniae Second Generation  ... Streptococcus spp.  Anaerobes  Neisseria spp. (Meningococcus, Gonococcus)  Actinomycosis  Animal bite (Pasteurella ...
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What Are the Causes of Infiltration of Lungs? | LIVESTRONG.COMWhat Are the Causes of Infiltration of Lungs? | LIVESTRONG.COM

Lung disorders such as pneumonia, silicosis, asbestosis and cystic fibrosis often cause the air sacs or alveoli to fill with ... Pneumonia. A variety of bacteria can cause pneumonia. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae ... This bacterial infection not only affects the lungs, but it can affect other parts of the body, as well. According to ... Lung disorders such as pneumonia, silicosis, asbestosis and cystic fibrosis often cause the air sacs or alveoli to fill with ...
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Frequently Asked Questions | Norris Health CenterFrequently Asked Questions | Norris Health Center

Antibiotics should only be used against bacterially caused illnesses like strep throat, bacterial pneumonia, and bacterial skin ... Bacterial become resistant to antibiotics after they have been exposed to them often enough. When you take an antibiotic, the ... Antibiotics kill or stop the growth of bacterial, but they have no effect on viruses such as colds or the flu. ... Or, if there has been a recent known exposure to strep throat. ...
more infohttps://uwm.edu/norris/about-norris/faq/

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Since most bacterial pneumonia comes from a strain of streptococcus, this may just be what I need instead. I diagnosed myself ... With a more serious illness like Strep, you must administer remedies more often as Ive mentioned above. I used to get strep ... Our family had strep for the first time last winter (first time for our children-I had it a lot as a child, and always took ... I just found out that when my mom had Pneumonia real bad when I was a kid after a while she finally bought garlic powder in ...
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High prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in a VA healthcare system | EurekAlert! Science NewsHigh prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in a VA healthcare system | EurekAlert! Science News

Azithromycin is no longer reliable to treat the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia--Streptococcus pneumoniae--due to ... "This is a major cause for concern, as it leads to increasing bacterial resistance, making the antibiotics we have less ...
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What is Streptococcus Pneumonia? (with pictures)What is Streptococcus Pneumonia? (with pictures)

Streptococcus pneumonia is a highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. ... Is the Streptococcus that causes bacterial pneumonia the same as the bacteria that causes strep throat? ... Streptococcus pneumonia is a type of highly contagious respiratory infection. It is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus ... Streptococcus pneumonia is caused by the bacteria streptococcus pneumoniae, which also causes ear infections.. ...
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Child health | Regional Office for AfricaChild health | Regional Office for Africa

Streptococcus pneumoniae - the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children;. *Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - ... Presenting features(Pneumonia). The presenting features of viral and bacterial pneumonia are similar. However, the symptoms of ... pneumonia due to Haemophilius influenzae type B and Streptococcus pneumonia and diarrhoea due to rotavirus, vaccines are ... the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia;. *respiratory syncytial virus is the most common viral cause of pneumonia; ...
more infohttps://www.afro.who.int/pt/node/523

Child health | Regional Office for AfricaChild health | Regional Office for Africa

Streptococcus pneumoniae - the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children;. *Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - ... Presenting features(Pneumonia). The presenting features of viral and bacterial pneumonia are similar. However, the symptoms of ... pneumonia due to Haemophilius influenzae type B and Streptococcus pneumonia and diarrhoea due to rotavirus, vaccines are ... the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia;. *respiratory syncytial virus is the most common viral cause of pneumonia; ...
more infohttps://www.afro.who.int/fr/node/523

Walking Pneumonia vs. Pneumonia: Symptoms, Treatment, RecoveryWalking Pneumonia vs. Pneumonia: Symptoms, Treatment, Recovery

Well break down these differences and show you how both pneumonia and walking pneumonia are diagnosed and treated. ... Whats the difference between walking pneumonia and pneumonia? Although these two conditions are very similar, there are some ... The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae, with Haemophilus influenza being the ... Pneumonia. While walking pneumonia is caused by a bacterial infection, pneumonia can involve viruses, bacteria, or fungi. ...
more infohttps://www.healthline.com/health/walking-pneumonia-vs-pneumonia

Neumonía grave por Streptococcus pyogenes: Reporte de un casoNeumonía grave por Streptococcus pyogenes: Reporte de un caso

Palabras clave : Clindamycin; pneumonia, bacterial; Streptococcus pyogenes. · texto en Español · Español ( pdf ) ... presented with a severe community-acquired pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Lancefield Group A Streptococcus) that ... SALDIAS P, Fernando; YANEZ V, Jorge; SALDIAS H, Velia y DIAZ P, Orlando. Community-acquired pneumonia caused by Streptococcus ... During the past two decades there has been a resurgence ofinvasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infection, specially pneumonia ...
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Double pneumonia: Symptoms, treatments, and causesDouble pneumonia: Symptoms, treatments, and causes

Pneumonia is a serious condition, and medical treatment is necessary. Find out how to recognize it and when to seek help. ... Double pneumonia is a condition in which pneumonia affects both lungs. It can develop from flu or another infection that ... The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in adults in the United States is Streptococcus pneumonia. ... Potential causes of pneumonia and double pneumonia include:. *Bacteria: Bacterial pneumonia is the most common cause of ...
more infohttps://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320164.php
  • Thankfully, it has not been very serious and I received pneumonia treatment with a strong antibiotic each time. (wisegeek.com)
  • Scientists from Emory University, the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) worked with many collaborators around the world to carry out a global genomic survey of Streptococcus pneumoniae, discovering 621 distinct strains, or lineages, across more than 50 countries. (emory.edu)
  • Dr. Lesley McGee, co-principal Investigator on the project from the Streptococcus Laboratory at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, said, "It is vital to understand the strains of S. pneumoniae present around the world, and how they respond to the introduction of PCV. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • With a more serious illness like Strep, you must administer remedies more often as I've mentioned above. (amazonaws.com)
  • Pneumonia is suspected when a doctor hears abnormal sounds in the chest, and the diagnosis is confirmed by a chest X-ray . (emedicinehealth.com)