A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
The pressure at any point in an atmosphere due solely to the weight of the atmospheric gases above the point concerned.
Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.
Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains protoanemonin, anemonin, and ranunculin.
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
Volume of circulating ERYTHROCYTES . It is usually measured by RADIOISOTOPE DILUTION TECHNIQUE.
Clinical manifestation consisting of a deficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES.
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
A system using beamed and reflected radio signals to and from an object in such a way that range, bearing, and other characteristics of the object may be determined.
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.
An order of small mammals comprising two families, Ochotonidae (pikas) and Leporidae (RABBITS and HARES). Head and body length ranges from about 125 mm to 750 mm. Hares and rabbits have a short tail, and the pikas lack a tail. Rabbits are born furless and with both eyes and ears closed. HARES are born fully haired with eyes and ears open. All are vegetarians. (From Nowak, Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p539-41)
An increase in the total red cell mass of the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The compulsory portion of Medicare that is known as the Hospital Insurance Program. All persons 65 years and older who are entitled to benefits under the Old Age, Survivors, Disability and Health Insurance Program or railroad retirement, persons under the age of 65 who have been eligible for disability for more than two years, and insured workers (and their dependents) requiring renal dialysis or kidney transplantation are automatically enrolled in Medicare Part A.
Using ice skates, roller skates, or skateboards in racing or other competition or for recreation.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE growing in Peru mountains. It is the source of maca root.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of patient's pre-travel visit to the physician is a health risk assessment.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.
Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The saxifrage plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and sometimes deeply lobed or form rosettes. The flowers have both male and female parts and 4 or 5 sepals and petals; they are usually in branched clusters. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
The oxygen consumption level above which aerobic energy production is supplemented by anaerobic mechanisms during exercise, resulting in a sustained increase in lactate concentration and metabolic acidosis. The anaerobic threshold is affected by factors that modify oxygen delivery to the tissues; it is low in patients with heart disease. Methods of measurement include direct measure of lactate concentration, direct measurement of bicarbonate concentration, and gas exchange measurements.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic flukes of the genus FASCIOLA, such as FASCIOLA HEPATICA.
The sixth planet in order from the sun. It is one of the five outer planets of the solar system. Its twelve natural satellites include Phoebe and Titan.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
Damage to tissues as the result of low environmental temperatures.
A species of toxic plants of the Compositae. The poisonous compounds are alkaloids which cause cattle diseases, neoplasms, and liver damage and are used to produce cancers in experimental animals.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Poa p Ia allergen and allergen C KBGP.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
A benzodiazepine that acts as a GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID modulator and anti-anxiety agent.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.
Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A procedure in which total right atrial or total caval blood flow is channeled directly into the pulmonary artery or into a small right ventricle that serves only as a conduit. The principal congenital malformations for which this operation is useful are TRICUSPID ATRESIA and single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.
The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.
Glycoprotein hormone, secreted chiefly by the KIDNEY in the adult and the LIVER in the FETUS, that acts on erythroid stem cells of the BONE MARROW to stimulate proliferation and differentiation.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Freedom from activity.
Deficient oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A group of pyrido-indole compounds. Included are any points of fusion of pyridine with the five-membered ring of indole and any derivatives of these compounds. These are similar to CARBAZOLES which are benzo-indoles.
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Enlargement of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is often attributed to PULMONARY HYPERTENSION and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.
A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in some disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and to reduce salivation with some anesthetics.
Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
An increase in the rate of speed.
A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. The species are diverse in appearance and habitat; most have swollen leaf and stem joints.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. Young shoots are eaten in Asian foods while the stiff mature stems are used for construction of many things. The common name of bamboo is also used for other genera of Poaceae including Phyllostachys, SASA, and Dendrocalamus.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Dioxygenase enzymes that specifically hydroxylate a PROLINE residue on the HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT. They are OXYGEN-dependent enzymes that play an important role in mediating cellular adaptive responses to HYPOXIA.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
The number of RETICULOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. The values are expressed as a percentage of the ERYTHROCYTE COUNT or in the form of an index ("corrected reticulocyte index"), which attempts to account for the number of circulating erythrocytes.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the individual more than usually susceptible to certain diseases.
Illegitimate use of substances for a desired effect in competitive sports. It includes humans and animals.
Determination of the shortest time interval between the injection of a substance in the vein and its arrival at some distant site in sufficient concentration to produce a recognizable end result. It represents approximately the inverse of the average velocity of blood flow between two points.
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A glucose dehydrogenase that catalyzes the oxidation of beta-D-glucose to form D-glucono-1,5-lactone, using NAD as well as NADP as a coenzyme.
A group of cardiac arrhythmias in which the cardiac contractions are not initiated at the SINOATRIAL NODE. They include both atrial and ventricular premature beats, and are also known as extra or ectopic heartbeats. Their frequency is increased in heart diseases.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
RESPIRATORY MUSCLE contraction during INHALATION. The work is accomplished in three phases: LUNG COMPLIANCE work, that required to expand the LUNGS against its elastic forces; tissue resistance work, that required to overcome the viscosity of the lung and chest wall structures; and AIRWAY RESISTANCE work, that required to overcome airway resistance during the movement of air into the lungs. Work of breathing does not refer to expiration, which is entirely a passive process caused by elastic recoil of the lung and chest cage. (Guyton, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 8th ed, p406)
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
Absence of the orifice between the RIGHT ATRIUM and RIGHT VENTRICLE, with the presence of an atrial defect through which all the systemic venous return reaches the left heart. As a result, there is left ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR) because the right ventricle is absent or not functional.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Curves depicting MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE, in liters/second, versus lung inflation, in liters or percentage of lung capacity, during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviation is MEFV.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.
Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.
The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Altitude[edit]. Built on the plateau of Laona, with an average altitude of about 170 meters, Neo Chorio Paphou is located in ...
Altitude[edit]. Main article: Altitude sickness. Atmospheric pressure reduces with altitude and with it, the amount of oxygen.[ ... "Altitude oxygen calculator". Apex (Altitude Physiology Expeditions). Archived from the original on 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2006- ... Generalized hypoxia occurs in healthy people when they ascend to high altitude, where it causes altitude sickness leading to ... To counter the effects of high-altitude diseases, the body must return arterial pO. 2 toward normal. Acclimatization, the means ...
In the high altitude vineyards of Tupungato, located southwest of the city of Mendoza in the Uco Valley, Chardonnay is ... Recently, the higher-altitude vines planted in the Pedernal valley in Western San Juan, one of the most isolated regions in ... Despite its high altitude daytime temperatures in the summertime can reach 38 °C (100 °F) but at night the area experiences a ... The altitude here exceeds that of more southerly Uco Valley in Mendoza, leading to extremely dry conditions with high thermal ...
Sigmund Rascher in experiments to aid German pilots who had to eject at high altitudes. A low-pressure chamber containing these ... "Nuremberg - Document Viewer - Letter to Sigmund Rascher concerning the high altitude experiments". nuremberg.law.harvard.edu. ... In a letter from Himmler to Rascher on April 13, 1942, Himmler ordered Rascher to continue the high altitude experiments and to ... "Nuremberg - Document Viewer - Letter to Erhard Milch concerning the high altitude and freezing experiments". nuremberg.law. ...
At low altitudes above sea level, the pressure decreases by about 1.2 kPa for every 100 metres. For higher altitudes within the ... As altitude increases, atmospheric pressure decreases. One can calculate the atmospheric pressure at a given altitude.[6] ... Calculator giving standard air pressure at a specified altitude, or altitude at which a pressure would be standard ... High Altitude Cooking, Crisco.com, 2010-09-30, archived from the original on 2012-09-07, retrieved 2012-10-17. ...
High-altitude features[edit]. To reach higher altitudes, a pressurized cockpit was added to the H models. The canopy was sealed ... High-altitude fighters[edit]. Rumors of the B-29, which would cruise at altitudes at which no German aircraft could comfortably ... altitude. This presented a problem for fighter use, where high-altitude performance was desirable. Through careful tuning, the ... It used the MW 50 system mainly for altitudes up to about 10,000 metres (33,000 ft) and the GM-1 system for higher altitudes, ...
At altitudes above the Armstrong limit, around 19,000 m (62,000 ft), water boils at body temperature and pressurized suits are ... The suit is a direct descendant of the United States Air Force high-altitude pressure suits worn by SR-71 Blackbird and U-2 spy ... Evgeniy Chertovsky created his full-pressure suit or high-altitude "skafandr" (скафандр) in 1931. (скафандр also means "diving ... Many space suit designs are taken from the U.S. Air Force suits, which are designed to work in "high altitude aircraft pressure ...
Lines of constant tidal phase are called cotidal lines, which are analogous to contour lines of constant altitude on ... However, for a given location the relationship between lunar altitude and the time of high or low tide (the lunitidal interval ... Atmospheric tides are negligible at ground level and aviation altitudes, masked by weather's much more important effects. ... the Moon's altitude (elevation) above the Earth's Equator, and bathymetry. Variations with periods of less than half a day are ...
High altitude experiments[edit]. Rascher suggested in early 1941, while a captain in the Luftwaffe's Medical Service, that high ... He conducted deadly experiments on humans about high altitude, freezing and blood coagulation under SS leader Heinrich Himmler' ... altitude/low-pressure experiments be carried out on human beings.[8] While taking a course in aviation medicine at Munich, he ... the interior pressure of which was then lowered to a level corresponding to very high altitudes. The pressure could be very ...
Masks for high-altitude climbers[edit]. Oxygen masks are used by climbers of high peaks such as Mt. Everest.[15] Because of the ... altitude (usually somewhat lower altitude), where one can breathe normally without an oxygen mask. If the oxygen pressure in ... Windsor JS, Rodway GW (2006). "Supplemental oxygen and sleep at altitude". High Alt. Med. Biol. 7 (4): 307-11. doi:10.1089/ham. ... In a diluter-demand system, as the altitude increases (ambient pressure, and therefore the partial pressure of ambient oxygen, ...
High-altitude and mountaineering medicine[edit]. *Physics and physiology of altitude. *AMS, HAPE and HACE ...
High altitudes[edit]. A pressure cooker can be used to compensate for lower atmospheric pressure at high elevations. The ... At higher altitudes, the boiling point of liquid in the pressure cooker will be slightly lower than it would be at sea level. ... "Pressure Cooking At High Altitudes". Miss Vickie's Pressure Cooker Recipes. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. ... Nonetheless, small, lightweight pressure cookers are available for mountain climbers (see Use at high altitudes). ...
Main article: Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda. The consolidated cases of Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia and Altitude ... 5.3.18 Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda (2020). *5.3.19 R.G. & G.R. Harris Funeral Homes Inc. v. Equal Employment Opportunity ... In June 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in three cases (Bostock v. Clayton County, Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda, and R.G ...
Given normal atmospheric conditions, the temperature, and thus speed of sound, varies with altitude: Altitude Temperature m/s ... Altitude variation and implications for atmospheric acoustics[edit]. Density and pressure decrease smoothly with altitude, but ... Cruising altitude of commercial jets,. and first supersonic flight) −57 °C (−70 °F) 295 1,062 660 573 ... At altitude, for reasons explained, Mach number is a function of temperature. Aircraft flight instruments, however, operate ...
Measuring a celestial altitude with the quadrant[edit]. On one of the straight edges of the non maritime quadrant (solid sheet ... Taking the altitude of the Sun with the Sinecal Quadrant. Note shadow of sight vane with dot of sunlight on index finger of ... The cord is called "Khait" and is used as a plumb line when measuring celestial altitudes. It is also used as the indicator of ... Making altitude (elevation) measurements of the Sun being simple and direct, requiring the user to aligning the image of the ...
Sullivan, Steve (director) (29 March 2019). Being Frank: The Chris Sievey Story (Motion picture). Altitude. Event occurs at 31: ...
It varies greatly from tropical to severe cold depending upon the altitude of the area. The city is in Doon Valley, temperature ... "Altitude". Dehradun. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2011. "Important District Indicators". ...
Jantar Mantar was constructed with an aim of measuring local time, altitude (of the place) and also to measure declination of ... "Altitude". daftlogic.com. Retrieved 16 August 2015. - "Places Of Interest". Varanasi.nic. Retrieved 16 August 2015. - "Jantar ...
Altitude. The external partial pressure of oxygen decreases with altitude, for example in areas of high altitude or when flying ... "Altitude oxygen calculator". Apex (Altitude Physiology Expeditions). Archived from the original on 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2006- ... The term hypoxemia was originally used to describe low blood oxygen occurring at high altitudes and was defined generally as ... "Maximal exercise at extreme altitudes on Mount Everest". Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise ...
"Altitude". IMDb. "#killerpost". IMDb. victoriaatkin.com Official website Victoria Atkin at IMDb. ...
altitude. The municipal area of 162.3 km2 extending from the piedmont and foothills of Sierra Morena, in exactly the watershed ...
Altitude. At a higher altitude it is easier to become burnt, because there is less of the earth's atmosphere to block the ...
Altitude. A warming stripes graphic (blues denote cool, reds denote warm) shows how the greenhouse effect traps heat in the ... Higher-altitude cooling differences attributed to ozone depletion and greenhouse gas increases; spikes occurred with volcanic ...
"Altitude". Reza Kabul Architects. Archived from the original on 19 April 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2017. "The Altitude Colombo, ...
Altitude , Up to 800 m , 800m-1,600m , 1,600m-2,700m , 2,700m-3,600m ,- , Type of area , Valley areas and foothills , Hilly and ... There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450-6500 metres). The ...
"Altitude." Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine C-130J/CC-130J. Retrieved: 23 March 2012. Borman, Martin W. Lockheed C ... impacted the side of Kebnekaise mountain at an altitude of 4,920 feet (1,500 metres) during bad weather after disappearing from ...
Webb, Hugh (2005). "Say Goodbye to the Colonial Bogeyman: Aboriginal Strategies of Resistance". Altitude. 6. Archived from the ...
altitude. The Sky Extra took into account the best four results of the season and was won by Pere Aurell of Spain and America's ... altitude. The Sky Classic ranking took into account the best five results of the season. The Sky Classic category champions ... Altitude (average and maximum reached), peak reach, running on snow/glacier, grade II climbing difficulty and increased ... The SWS was launched in 2004 and has grown to represent the peak of outdoor running defined by altitude and technicality. In ...
"Special Agents Faced Capture ad Execution". Altitude. Spring. 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2015. Scott, Alec (Autumn 2007). "Behind ... "Special Agents Faced Capture ad Execution". Altitude. Spring. 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2015. "Recommendation for Award for ...
Russell, Conrad (2002). "Dream and Nightmare in William Gibson's Architectures of Cyberspace" (.pdf). Altitude. 2 (3). ISSN ...
Amateur high-altitude ballooning[edit]. Payload of an amateur high-altitude balloon for scientific purposes. Embedded computer ... Manned high-altitude balloons[edit]. Manned high-altitude balloons were used from the 1930s to 1960s for research and in ... GSBC, What is a High Altitude Balloon. Retrieved August 8, 2016. *^ UKHAS, A Beginners Guide to High Altitude Ballooning. ... High-altitude balloons are often flown by students and by amateur groups to altitudes on the order of 30,000 m (98,000 ft) for ...
Diving in altitudes higher than 300 metres/1000 feet above sea level is altitude diving. Discover a hidden world where only a ... Altitude dive planning, organization, procedures and techniques.. *How to adjust your dive computer for altitude diving or ... Interested? Any time you scuba dive at an altitude higher than 300 metres/1000 feet above sea level, youre altitude diving. If ... Learning to adjust your dive plan for the reduced surface pressure at altitude is an important part of the course. Youll ...
High-altitude cerebral oedema (HACO). High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with ... Generally, high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or AMS precede HACE.[2] In patients with AMS, the onset of HACE is usually ... Bärtsch, Peter; Swenson, Erik (2013). "Acute High-Altitude Illnesses". The New England Journal of Medicine. 368 (24): 2294-302 ... Schoene, Robert (2008). "Illnesses at High Altitude". Chest. 134 (2): 402-16. doi:10.1378/chest.07-0561. PMID 18682459.. ...
Altitude Trampoline Park, has announced an agreement is in place for a 20,119 ... "We expect Altitude Slidell to add 50 or more part time, as well as several full time jobs to the Slidell, Louisiana area." - ... Curt Skallerup, Altitude- President/CEO.. Altitude Trampoline Park will be one of the largest trampoline parks in the state of ... Altitude Slidell will have large party rooms along with a mezzanine lookout for and plenty of in-park party areas for birthdays ...
43% of those on the drug had symptoms of altitude sickness.. 69% of those on the placebo had similar issues, showing the drug ... Lipmans study took 86 men and women and used double-blind and placebos to look into the effects of Ibuprofen on altitude ... "We suggest that availability alone makes ibuprofen an appealing drug for individuals who travel to high altitudes. In addition ... Kilimanjaro Climbers Underestimate The Risks Of Potentially Fatal Altitude Sickness Researchers from UKs Edinburgh University ...
Altitude sickness, acute reaction to a change from sea level or other low-altitude environments to altitudes above 8,000 feet ( ... In 1878 French physiologist Paul Bert demonstrated that the symptoms of altitude sickness are ... 2,400 metres). Altitude sickness was recognized as early as the 16th century. ... A more serious type of altitude sickness, high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), occurs rarely among newcomers to altitude but ...
Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world. ...
... Studies of the feasibility of using nuclear power for propulsion officially began in New ... The Tory II-C reactor was designed for flight capability at low-altitude, hot-day Mach-3 conditions for periods of 3 to 10 ... Attention was directed to a vehicle that would travel at supersonic speeds over long distances and at very low altitudes. ... and Convair were selected to conduct funded studies of a low-altitude nuclear-powered strategic missile for a mission no ...
Back to High-Altitude Challah All Reviews for High-Altitude Challah ... I am sure this is because of my low altitude. Looks and tastes great. I am glad I found it. Read More ... I am sure this is because of my low altitude. Looks and tastes great. I am glad I found it. ... Reviews for: Photos of High-Altitude Challah. Reviews: Most Helpful ...
Join us as we investigate the challenges of navigating density and altitude in this extreme climate. ... Join us as we investigate the challenges of navigating density and altitude in this extreme climate. ...
Several forms of altitude encoders have been designed. This paper describes a digital altitude encoder with only one moving ... An altitude encoder enables an ATC transponder to report the altitude of the airplane to the controller, in addition to its ... A Solid-State Altitude Encoder 720314. An altitude encoder enables an ATC transponder to report the altitude of the airplane to ... Several forms of altitude encoders have been designed. This paper describes a digital altitude encoder with only one moving ...
... is a top tier program designed to enhance the travel experiences of our most frequent flyers with ... Air Canada Altitude is designed to elevate the travel experiences of our most frequent flyers. Youve chosen to fly the world ... And of course, Altitude Qualifying Miles earned on eligible flights with Air Canada and the Star Alliance member airlines are ... As an Air Canada Altitude member, you benefit from Air Canadas partnership with the Aeroplan Program, which provides for a ...
... is a top tier program designed to enhance the travel experiences of our most frequent flyers with ...
"Altitude affects your thinking, your breathing, and your ability to sleep. But high-altitude natives dont have these problems ... Tag: altitude. Posted on June 8, 2010. Scientists Uncover The Genetic Secrets That Allow Tibetans To Thrive In Thin Air. A new ... For those who live closer to sea level, the findings may one day help predict who is at greatest risk for altitude sickness. " ... People who live or travel at high altitude respond to the lack of oxygen by making more hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying ...
Just a week at high altitudes can cause sustained weight loss, suggesting that a mountain retreat could be a viable strategy ... Altitude Causes Weight Loss Without Exercise. Just a week at high altitudes can cause sustained weight loss, suggesting that a ... A high-altitude weight loss strategy could be viable, though studies have shown peoples appetites bounce back after about six ... The sceintists data showed this was likely because they ate about 730 calories less at high altitudes than they did at normal ...
JP Aerospace flies a remote-controlled airship to an altitude of 95,000 feet, setting the stage for air-launching payloads into ... Lockheed Martin has been developing its High Altitude Airship, but the vehicle is designed for altitudes around 60,000 feet and ... The DIY crew sent an unmanned powered airship soaring 95,085 feet above Nevada last month, an altitude they claim is the record ... They hope to use high-altitude airships as a launch platform for rockets or hypersonic aircraft sent into space. ...
Feb 25, 2020, 09:30 ET Altitude Networks Named a Cyber Defense Magazine InfoSec Award Winner Altitude Networks, the industrys ... News from altitude networks A wide array of domestic and global news stories; news topics include politics/government, business ... Altitude Networks, the industrys first cloud-native DLP for SaaS collaboration, today announced its Rapid Security Assessment ... Altitude Networks, the industrys first cloud-native DLP for SaaS collaboration, today launched rogue application detection to ...
NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from Americas space agency. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind.
By raising the altitude of certain flights by just 2,000 feet, scientists say we could reduce climate-affective airplane ... This band of altitude is (mostly) free of clouds, which is why it feels like the plane is flying above a floor of fluffy cloud ... By raising the altitude of certain flights by just 2,000 feet, scientists say we could reduce climate-affective airplane ... Air traffic controllers plan routes and tandem flights using odd and even altitudes as cues to keep planes separated. ...
found that small groups of men exposed to simulated altitudes of up to 4,500 meters did not exhibit significantly different ... Though my colleague Jim Ledbetter suggests a massive data-mining project to measure voting patterns as a function of altitude ... recently pondered the possibility that flying at high altitudes makes one more likely to cry at cheesy movies. ( ... More direct attempts to measure the effect of altitude on emotions have not found strong correlations; a ...
Hawthorne C. Grays fatal ascent to 12,950 metres (42,470 feet) in 1927, the maximum altitude was only limited by… ... ballooning has continually achieved higher altitudes. From Charless 3,000-metre (10,000-foot) ascent in 1783 to U.S. Army Air ... High-altitude balloon: Beginning with the 18th century, ... High-altitude balloon. aircraft. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. ... In balloon flight: High-altitude ballooning. Beginning with the 18th century, ballooning has continually achieved higher ...
Some people are more susceptible to altitude sickness, a condition caused by exposure to low oxygen levels at high altitude. ... leisure and sport to making permanent homes at altitude. ... There are many reasons why people ascend to high altitudes, ... Getting used to conditions at altitude by spending time at moderate altitudes can decrease the incidence of altitude sickness. ... High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). This reaction to altitude can be asymptomatic and is related to HACE. With HAPE, fluid ...
Density altitude is the reason airplane accidents tend to cluster around mountain resorts during the summer months. Piloting an ... altitude. Flight level. How to survive a helicopter mishap. Aerodynamic lift. Vertical Speed Indicator. cruising altitude. ... is the concept of density altitude or pressure altitude corrected for non-standard temperature. When an aircraft is designed ... Density altitude is the reason airplane accidents tend to cluster around mountain resorts during the summer months. Piloting an ...
Morris Lee, who recruits staff for local airports, has seen his work take off.Two weeks ago, he interviewed candidates for 35 openings at a company that supports airlines at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The week before, he screened people for 50 openings at a new cargo company at the same…
Cosmetics Safe at Any Altitude. Aug. 31, 2006 , 2:01 Liquids are no longer permitted on airlines, but heres a make-up kit that ...
Altitude Trampoline Park will soon be bringing more fun ... Altitude Trampoline Park will soon be bringing more fun and ... Texas based Altitude Trampoline Parks, is very excited to announce their newest launch into Florida! An agreement is in place ... Altitude Fort Lauderdale will include party rooms of plentiful space, as well as ample in-park party areas for birthdays, ... "Altitude sets the standard in trampoline family entertainment. We are the leader in customer service, cleanliness, safety, and ...
Absolute altitude - altitude in terms of the distance above the ground directly below True altitude - altitude in terms of ... These types of altitude can be explained more simply as various ways of measuring the altitude: Indicated altitude - the ... high altitude pulmonary edema, and high altitude cerebral edema. The higher the altitude, the more likely are serious effects. ... Pressure altitude divided by 100 feet (30 m) is the flight level, and is used above the transition altitude (18,000 feet (5,500 ...
... and closer to 20 seconds per mile at 7500 altitude. These differences apply if fairly acclimatized to altitude. It will be a ... At 2250 meters altitude (7382 feet -- also similar to Mexico City Olympics where the winner in 10k was just over 29:00 and the ... I used that calculator, but i guess its wrong, and I won\t be racing at altitude just training and I am curious about sub max ... If I were to give you an adjustment on the data I have, I make the following for an altitude of 2000m (6562 feet) -- 5-min race ...
Full-pressure suits are a vital second line of defense for pilots flying at high altitudes, keeping the pilot healthy and alert ... Three High-Altitude Peoples, Three Adaptations to Thin Air (February 2004) *Hurricanes Plane Flies Into Storms To Sharpen ... High-Altitude Suits Keep Pressure on Pilots. John Roach. for National Geographic News. ... "As you go up in altitude, pressure decreases," Sokolik explained. ER-2 pilots routinely fly above 63,000 feet (19,200 meters) ...
Altitude definition, the height of anything above a given planetary reference plane, especially above sea level on earth. See ... altitude. altiloquent, altimeter, altimetry, Altiplano, altissimo, altitude, altitude chamber, altitude dial, altitude sickness ... WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH altitude. 1. altitude , attitude; 2. altitude , elevation, height(see synonym study at height). ... altitude. *. Whatever happened overtook them both within a minute or so of that altitude change request, and they were never ...
  • Early symptoms of high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) generally correspond with those of moderate to severe acute mountain sickness (AMS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Stanford Hospital & Clinics and a clinical assistant professor at the Stanford University School of Medicine, has found that a widely available, over-the-counter (OTC) drug may help with altitude, or acute mountain sickness (AMS). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Lipman's study took 86 men and women and used double-blind and placebos to look into the effects of Ibuprofen on altitude sickness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 43% of those on the drug had symptoms of altitude sickness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 69% of those on the placebo had similar issues, showing the drug reduced the altitude sickness rate. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Altitude sickness , also called mountain sickness , acute reaction to a change from sea level or other low-altitude environments to altitudes above 8,000 feet (2,400 metres). (britannica.com)
  • Altitude sickness was recognized as early as the 16th century. (britannica.com)
  • In 1878 French physiologist Paul Bert demonstrated that the symptoms of altitude sickness are the result of a deficiency of oxygen in the tissues of the body. (britannica.com)
  • The resulting insufficiency of oxygen in the arterial blood supply causes the characteristic symptoms of altitude sickness. (britannica.com)
  • The main protection against altitude sickness in aircraft is the use of pressurized air in cabins. (britannica.com)
  • Mountain climbers often use a mixture of pure oxygen and air to relieve altitude sickness while climbing high mountains. (britannica.com)
  • In addition, the prophylactic use of the diuretic acetazolamide initiated two to three days before ascent may prevent or mitigate acute altitude sickness. (britannica.com)
  • A more serious type of altitude sickness, high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), occurs rarely among newcomers to altitude but more often affects those who have already become acclimated to high elevations and are returning after several days at sea level. (britannica.com)
  • In the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team has identified a gene that allows Tibetans to live and work more than two miles above sea level without getting altitude sickness. (lockergnome.com)
  • Excessive hemoglobin is the hallmark of chronic mountain sickness, an overreaction to altitude characterized by thick and viscous blood. (lockergnome.com)
  • For those who live closer to sea level, the findings may one day help predict who is at greatest risk for altitude sickness. (lockergnome.com)
  • But the obese are more likely to suffer severe altitude sickness , in which low oxygen pressure causes dizziness, nausea and more serious problems like edema or heart attacks, Leissner said. (wired.com)
  • Does Altitude Sickness Feed Obama Fever? (slate.com)
  • What Causes Altitude Sickness? (news-medical.net)
  • Some people are more susceptible to altitude sickness, a condition caused by exposure to low oxygen levels at high altitude. (news-medical.net)
  • The most dangerous consequences of altitude sickness are coma and death, but not all forms of altitude sickness are equally dangerous. (news-medical.net)
  • Acute mountain sickness is typically the least life-threatening form of altitude sickness. (news-medical.net)
  • There are several pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures that can be taken to prevent acute altitude sickness. (news-medical.net)
  • Ascending to high altitudes too quickly remains the main risk factor for developing altitude sickness. (news-medical.net)
  • Getting used to conditions at altitude by spending time at moderate altitudes can decrease the incidence of altitude sickness. (news-medical.net)
  • Medication to prevent altitude sickness is not necessary in low-risk circumstances. (news-medical.net)
  • Descending to lower altitudes is the best treatment for every form of altitude sickness, but different treatment courses can be taken according to the individual's type and severity of altitude sickness. (news-medical.net)
  • And now that you mention it, I also got seasick, and had altitude sickness, and had to be rescued a few times. (dictionary.com)
  • Altitude sickness is a set of symptoms that some may experience when at a higher than normal altitude. (nationaljewish.org)
  • In more severe cases, altitude sickness may cause chest tightening and severe headache. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Some altitude dwellers, particularly Andeans, may develop chronic mountain sickness, the most prominent characteristic of which being excessive polycythaemia. (springer.com)
  • Most adaptive changes occur in the first days and weeks following arrival at altitude, and this is the period when acute mountain sickness with cerebral and/or pulmonary oedema may occur. (springer.com)
  • What are the different types of altitude sickness? (webmd.com)
  • High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) is the most severe form of altitude sickness and happens when there's fluid in the brain. (webmd.com)
  • Cleveland Clinic: "Altitude Sickness. (webmd.com)
  • Harvard Health Publications: "Altitude Sickness. (webmd.com)
  • What are moderate symptoms of altitude sickness? (webmd.com)
  • Altitude sickness can be a great set back to any climbing trips. (medindia.net)
  • Find out why they occur & how to treat & prevent altitude sickness. (medindia.net)
  • Ibuprofen - an anti-inflammatory drug can reduce acute altitude sickness, shows study. (medindia.net)
  • We also describe symptoms of altitude sickness, and how to prepare for a trip. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Preexisting diseases like COPD can magnify the effects of decreased oxygen, worsening symptoms of altitude sickness and related conditions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The Lake Louise Scoring System helps to diagnose AMS, the most common altitude sickness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and cerebral edema are the most ominous of these symptoms, while acute mountain sickness, retinal hemorrhages, and peripheral edema are the milder forms of the disease. (medscape.com)
  • The statistics from the Himalayan Rescue Association aid post in Manang from the fall of 2016 has the alarming figures which show that more than half of the altitude sickness patients traveled to Manang by motor vehicle. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • Altitude sickness is a common pathological condition in high altitude because of our body's inability to acclimatize properly. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • Altitude sickness includes: acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • But, patients with moderate to severe form of acute mountain sickness must be brought down to lower altitude and treated, otherwise there is a high chance of developing high altitude cerebral edema. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • succumbing to altitude sickness not so much. (responsibletravel.com)
  • Read on for more tips on avoiding altitude sickness. (responsibletravel.com)
  • Altitude (or mountain) sickness refers to the symptoms that affect people at an altitude level, usually above 8,000 feet or 2,400 m. (infobarrel.com)
  • People facing the risk of altitude sickness would include mountain climbers, hikers, skiers, or travelers at high-altitude areas. (infobarrel.com)
  • However, there are no specific factors such as age, sex, or physical condition that correlate with susceptibility to altitude sickness. (infobarrel.com)
  • In very severe cases of altitude sickness, the person may cough up frothy sputum. (infobarrel.com)
  • As altitude sickness is easier to treat in the early stages, it is important to identify the symptoms quickly and take necessary remedial action. (infobarrel.com)
  • If you feel unwell at a high altitude, it is better to assume that it is altitude sickness and stop the ascent. (infobarrel.com)
  • i) The best treatment for altitude sickness is to descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible. (infobarrel.com)
  • v) People with severe altitude sickness may need to be immediately admitted to a hospital. (infobarrel.com)
  • I'd like some input on the need for (or not) altitude sickness medicine for 4 days in the Bernese Oberland area. (fodors.com)
  • Diamox is the drug prescribed for altitude sickness (which in me presents with bad headaches). (fodors.com)
  • It was prescribed to me here in the States years ago for altitude sickness while skiing in CO. Only side effect was mild tingling in hands. (fodors.com)
  • Search 'altitude sickness' in Switzerland tag for other responses I received. (fodors.com)
  • The medicines for altitude sickness have to be tailored to your medical condition. (fodors.com)
  • Altitude sickness , the mildest form being acute mountain sickness ( AMS ), is the negative health effect of high altitude , caused by rapid exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high elevation . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Acute mountain sickness can progress to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) with associated shortness of breath or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) with associated confusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [2] Chronic mountain sickness may occur after long term exposure to high altitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Altitude sickness typically occurs only above 2,500 metres (8,000 ft), though some are affected at lower altitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] [3] Risk factors include a prior episode of altitude sickness, a high degree of activity, and a rapid increase in elevation. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] [4] It is recommended that at high-altitude any symptoms of headache, nausea, shortness of breath, or vomiting be assumed to be altitude sickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] The earliest description of altitude sickness is attributed to a Chinese text from around 30 BCE which describes "Big Headache Mountains" possibly referring to the Karakoram Mountains around Kilik Pass . (wikipedia.org)
  • for some otherwise healthy people, acute altitude sickness can begin to appear at around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level, such as at many mountain ski resorts, equivalent to a pressure of 80 kilopascals (0.79 atm ). (wikipedia.org)
  • [7] This is the most frequent type of altitude sickness encountered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Headaches are the primary symptom used to diagnose altitude sickness, although a headache is also a symptom of dehydration . (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of altitude sickness that are not life threatening are called acute mountain sickness. (drugs.com)
  • Mountain climbers on any high mountain and skiers in high-altitude locations such as Colorado are at risk of developing acute mountain sickness. (drugs.com)
  • Symptoms from acute mountain sickness improve if you descend to lower altitude quickly. (drugs.com)
  • Acute mountain sickness is the least dangerous of several kinds of altitude illnesses that can occur. (drugs.com)
  • A related illness, high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), can occur with or without warning symptoms that signal altitude sickness. (drugs.com)
  • A type of altitude sickness called high-altitude retinal hemorrhage (HARH) can cause eye damage. (drugs.com)
  • Coma and death are the most serious consequences of altitude sickness. (drugs.com)
  • Altitude sickness is more likely to occur in people who have a previous history of altitude sickness. (drugs.com)
  • Obesity appears to increase the risk for altitude sickness. (drugs.com)
  • High-altitude cerebral edema is considered by many experts to be an extreme form of acute mountain sickness. (drugs.com)
  • High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) is a buildup of fluid in the lungs that can be very dangerous and even life threatening. (webmd.com)
  • In high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), it's theorized that vessels in the lungs constrict, causing increased pressure. (mayoclinic.org)
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), a not uncommon form of acute altitude illness, can occur within days of ascent above 2500 to 3000 m. (nih.gov)
  • This article will review the pathophysiology of the vasculature, alveolar epithelium, innervation, immune response, and genetics of the lung at high altitude, as well as therapeutic and prophylactic strategies to reduce the morbidity and mortality of HAPE. (nih.gov)
  • High altitudes can cause a range of health issues, including high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People with COPD are more vulnerable to altitude-related illnesses, including HAPE. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The pathophysiology high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is not well understood. (medscape.com)
  • The collection of fluid in the lungs is known as high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and is characterized by non-exertional breathlessness which is more on lying down and at night cough which is usually dry than frothy and blood mixed, drop in exercise performance, fatigue, chest tightness and sometimes low grade fever. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • Importantly, these altitude illnesses are preventable conditions and lives can be saved from potentially fatal conditions like HACE and HAPE if we stick to simple rules. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • Genetics may also put some people at increased risk, particularly for high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). (drugs.com)
  • The CDC urges those traveling to an altitude above 8,000 feet to avoid alcohol and heavy exercise for the first 48 hours. (medicinenet.com)
  • If you ascend to altitudes above 8,000 feet, you will be in danger of developing uncomfortable or dangerous symptoms from the change in altitude. (drugs.com)
  • The symptoms usually occur within six hours to four days after arrival at high altitude and disappear within two to five days as acclimatization occurs. (britannica.com)
  • Altitudes above 8000 feet pose significant risks to the body and may result in dangerous symptoms from the ascent. (news-medical.net)
  • Any symptoms experienced at high altitude can quickly develop into life threatening problems and should not be dismissed. (news-medical.net)
  • Travellers and adventure seekers who climb or fly to high altitudes often experience severe headaches, nausea & other symptoms. (medindia.net)
  • Limiting exercise, alcohol consumption, and the use of sleeping pills during the first 2 days at a high altitude may minimize the occurrence and severity of symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People with COPD have a high risk of symptoms worsening at high altitudes, even if symptoms are stable at low altitudes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Symptoms of high altitude exposure were also recorded. (springer.com)
  • Altitude induced asthma can appear in individuals who have no asthmatic symptoms at sea level. (active.com)
  • For people who have asthma that is well controlled, changing altitude will probably not have any noticeable effect on asthma symptoms. (empowher.com)
  • But for people whose are sensitive to the mold Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus), spending time at a higher altitude may actually improve asthma symptoms. (empowher.com)
  • Nonetheless, as we give our body more time to adjust to the altitude change, the symptoms will usually go away. (infobarrel.com)
  • At high altitudes, this type of breathing is not considered abnormal, though doctors can prescribe acetazolamide to relieve the symptoms. (infobarrel.com)
  • If you only have mild symptoms, you may be able to stay at that altitude and let your body acclimatise to the altitude. (infobarrel.com)
  • Getting to a lower altitude will help to alleviate or eliminate the symptoms. (infobarrel.com)
  • Symptoms that develop at high altitude should be taken very seriously, since some altitude problems can develop into fatal illnesses. (drugs.com)
  • As your body makes normal adjustments to adapt to a high altitude, you may experience a few symptoms that are bothersome but are not cause for concern. (drugs.com)
  • Symptoms of this more severe altitude disease may not be noticed immediately because the illness can begin during the night. (drugs.com)
  • Because this low-oxygen injury affects the brain and thought process, a person with high-altitude cerebral edema may not understand that symptoms have become more severe until a traveling companion notices unusual behavior. (drugs.com)
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema , which is the lungs' response to an increase in altitude, may occur with or without other symptoms of altitude illness. (drugs.com)
  • Symptoms of high-altitude pulmonary edema commonly appear at night and can worsen during exertion. (drugs.com)
  • On the flight deck, the definitive instrument for measuring altitude is the pressure altimeter, which is an aneroid barometer with a front face indicating distance (feet or metres) instead of atmospheric pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diving in altitudes higher than 300 metres/1000 feet above sea level is altitude diving. (padi.com)
  • Any time you scuba dive at an altitude higher than 300 metres/1000 feet above sea level, you're altitude diving. (padi.com)
  • ZURICH, Switzerland - No international soccer matches will be allowed to take place above an altitude of 2500 metres in future, FIFA president Sepp Blatter said today. (smh.com.au)
  • Nearly 140 million people live at altitudes above 2500 metres (about 8000 feet). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Substantial numbers live permanently at altitudes as high as 4500 metres in the Peruvian Andes, and caretakers of a mine in Chile have lived at nearly 6000 metres. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The highest point on Earth is the summit of Mt. Everest (8848 metres), and well-acclimatized climbers can just reach that altitude without using supplementary oxygen. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, if we go to an altitude of about 5800 metres, the pressure falls to half the normal sea level value of 760 mm Hg (1013 millibars or hectopascals). (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, it can be shown that if Mt. Everest were at the latitude of Mt. McKinley (Denali) in Alaska , which is 60° N, the summit would in effect be over 950 metres (3000 feet) higher because the barometric pressure at high altitude at latitudes far from the Equator is so much lower. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Irish squad flew up to the Highveld on Sunday from sea level to about 1700 metres which South African exercise physiologist Ross Tucker has classified as moderate altitude. (irishexaminer.com)
  • There are many reasons why people ascend to high altitudes, from travel, leisure and sport to making permanent homes at altitude. (news-medical.net)
  • A remarkable degree of acclimatization occurs when humans ascend to these altitudes. (medscape.com)
  • When travelling at altitude ascend slowly so your body has time to adapt and spend a few days acclimatizing before climbing above 3,500m (11,000ft). (ehow.co.uk)
  • ii) If you cannot descend to a lower altitude, do not ascend any further. (infobarrel.com)
  • Most people who travel to high altitudes acclimatize . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ibuprofen could be a way to prevent AMS in a significant number of the tens of millions of people who travel to high altitudes each year. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Read about important changes to the Altitude cards effective 4 April 2018 . (westpac.com.au)
  • Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • True altitude is the actual elevation above mean sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • this is referred to over the radio as height, where the specified datum is the airfield elevation (see QFE) Pressure altitude is the elevation above a standard datum air-pressure plane (typically, 1013.25 millibars or 29.92" Hg). (wikipedia.org)
  • On a very hot day, density altitude at an airport (especially one at a high elevation) may be so high as to preclude takeoff, particularly for helicopters or a heavily loaded aircraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study sheds light on how Tibetans, who have lived at extreme elevation for more than 10,000 years, have evolved to differ from their low-altitude ancestors. (lockergnome.com)
  • A high-altitude weight loss strategy could be viable, though studies have shown peoples' appetites bounce back after about six months at high elevation, Leissner said. (wired.com)
  • 2. altitude , elevation , height (see synonym study at height ). (dictionary.com)
  • Altitude, named for Denver's "Mile High" elevation, serves contemporary American cuisine in comfortable elegance. (opentable.com)
  • A study in Respiratory Research defines a high altitude as any elevation greater than 1,500 meters (m) - about 5,000 feet (ft) - above sea level. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Traditionally, elevation and altitude both refers to a height above sea level ( H ), where the mean sea level (MSL) value is based on some local measurements near the shore and extrapolated inland with gravity. (openstreetmap.org)
  • It is more likely if you climb quickly, if you exercise vigorously during your first few days of altitude exposure, and if you have been living at low elevation prior to your climb. (drugs.com)
  • There are several types of altitude in aviation: Indicated altitude is the reading on the altimeter when it is set to the local barometric pressure at mean sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aircraft performance depends on density altitude, which is affected by barometric pressure, humidity and temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lower barometric pressures of high altitudes lead to a lower partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli, or air sacs in the lungs, which in turn decreases the amount of oxygen absorbed from the alveoli by red blood cells for transport to the body's tissues. (britannica.com)
  • Ascending to high altitudes subjects the body to several significant changes, including decreases in temperature and ambient humidity, to a drop in barometric pressure (air pressure). (news-medical.net)
  • Barometric pressure falls progressively with increasing altitude. (springer.com)
  • At this altitude barometric pressure is 450 mmHg and without hyperventilation alveolar oxygen tension would be only 34 mmHg. (springer.com)
  • Since oxygen accounts for one-fifth of the volume of the air, and this fraction does not alter with altitude, the pressure of oxygen decreases proportionally with the total barometric pressure. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The relationship between barometric pressure and altitude is not the same over the whole surface of the globe. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because of the warming of the atmosphere by the sun near the Equator, the column of air is higher there, and therefore the barometric pressure at any given altitude is higher than at the poles. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At higher altitudes, the pressure of the air around you (barometric pressure) decreases so there is less oxygen in surrounding air. (drugs.com)
  • High-altitude cerebral edema ( HACE ) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with fluid because of the physiological effects of traveling to a high altitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • This reaction to altitude can be asymptomatic and is related to HACE. (news-medical.net)
  • The end spectrum of the AMS is high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) which means water in the brain. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • One dangerous reaction to high altitude is a condition called high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), in which the brain accumulates extra fluid, swells and stops working properly. (drugs.com)
  • Several forms of altitude encoders have been designed. (sae.org)
  • Descent, descent and descent is the only treatment of these severe forms of altitude illnesses. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • In soccer, statistical analysis has found that an increase in altitude of 1000m is worth about half a goal to the home team. (news24.com)
  • This causes the atmospheric pressure to decrease as we increase in altitude. (answers.com)
  • Your teeth are also affected by an increase in altitude. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Mountain climbers, pilots, and persons living at high altitudes are the most likely to be affected. (britannica.com)
  • Climbers have lived for several days at altitudes that would cause unconsciousness within a few seconds in the absence of acclimatization. (medscape.com)
  • And sometimes even the best high altitude climbers get AMS on 13k foot peaks. (summitpost.org)
  • How to avoid problems and handle emergency situations, if they occur, at altitude. (padi.com)
  • Individuals with the condition must immediately descend to a lower altitude or coma and death can occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • This hypoxia is responsible for almost all the physiological changes and the potential medical problems that occur at high altitude. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The unsafe condition of engine surges due to hard carbon build-up blocking the static vanes has continued to occur at 37,000ft altitude and lower," says the FAA in the 10 March final AD announcement. (flightglobal.com)
  • This usually occurs after 3-4 days of ascending to high altitudes, but it can also occur in rapid ascent profile. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • These kind of "dental pains provoked by an altitude beyond 5.000 ft can occur with any kind of tooth, healthy or restored," according to researchers Fleury and Deboets. (ehow.co.uk)
  • BMJ: "Altitude illness. (webmd.com)
  • French researchers have discovered potential risk factors for severe high altitude illness (SHAI). (medindia.net)
  • Results of a study published in Sports Health indicate that athletes may be especially vulnerable to acute high-altitude illness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • High-altitude illness may result from short-term exposures to altitudes in excess of 2000 m (6560 ft). (medscape.com)
  • The rate of ascent, the altitude attained, the amount of physical activity at high altitude, and individual susceptibility are contributing factors to the incidence and severity of high-altitude illness. (medscape.com)
  • Also see Altitude Illness - Cerebral Syndromes and Altitude Illness - Pulmonary Syndromes . (medscape.com)
  • At higher altitudes, the air becomes thinner and the amount of breathable oxygen decreases. (britannica.com)
  • As you go up in altitude, pressure decreases," Sokolik explained. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Air pressure decreases as altitude increases. (answers.com)
  • As your altitude decreases, there is more air on top of you, therefore, the air pressure increases. (answers.com)
  • Is it true that air pressure decreases as altitude decreases? (answers.com)
  • No. Air pressure decreases with altitude. (answers.com)
  • As altitude increases, temperature increases by 12.5oC every 1km upwards, and pressure rapidly decreases. (answers.com)
  • As subjects acclimatise to the altitude cardiac output decreases although the heart rate can remain high with a low stroke volume. (springer.com)
  • However, environmental or logistical factors may prevent this method from being effective in every situation, so those ascending to altitude are advised to average their ascent rate across the entire duration of the trip. (news-medical.net)
  • To decrease the risk of AMS, strenuous exercise and over-exertion should be avoided immediately after rapid ascent to high altitude. (news-medical.net)
  • Pre-acclimatization should be carried out as close to the ascent to high altitude as possible. (news-medical.net)
  • Gradual increases in altitude over two weeks resulted in larger heart rate changes compared with an abrupt ascent. (springer.com)
  • The ventilatory response to a relatively hypoxic stimulus can be divided into 4 phases: (1) initial increase on ascent, (2) subsequent course over hours and weeks, (3) deacclimatization on descent, and (4) long-term response of high-altitude natives. (medscape.com)
  • The first rule is making the ascent profile "slow and gradual" which means not increasing the sleeping altitude more than 500 meters per day compared to the previous night's sleeping altitude and taking a rest day after ascending 1,000-1,200 meters above 2,500 meters. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • It usually happens when there is rapid ascent to a high altitude area, because our body does not have the time to adjusting to the decreased oxygen level there. (infobarrel.com)
  • Taking the time to plan can help people with COPD limit the effects of traveling to high altitudes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They can also perform tests to assess fitness for flying or traveling to high altitudes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Everett suggests that the sounds are more popular at altitude because lower air pressure may make it easier to produce the burst of air that is a key characteristic of ejective consonants. (yahoo.com)
  • Lower air pressure at altitude means fewer oxygen molecules for every lungful of air. (lockergnome.com)
  • So a team at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich wanted to see if the pounds also melted away with a safer, sedentary stay at somewhat lower altitude. (wired.com)
  • Many years ago when I moved to a high altitude area, I found that my meringues on my pies were flat and weepy, unlike those I had made at a lower altitude. (allrecipes.com)
  • The only solution to this altitude dilemma is to prepare for the situation by allowing the body to adapt to the lower oxygen levels. (news24.com)
  • Researchers found that individuals whose bodies were used to the lower oxygen environment at altitude may actually be protected from severe effects of COVID-19. (nationaljewish.org)
  • For those who have adjusted to living at high altitude, their body produces a lower amount of the ACE2 enzyme because they have gotten used to living in an environment with less oxygen. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Those who travel from lower altitude environments are still at higher risk of severe complications from COVID-19, as they have higher levels of the ACE2 enzyme. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Dr. Stubenrauch advises that patients remain in quarantine, wherever they are, unless directed to move to a lower altitude by their health care provider. (nationaljewish.org)
  • liquids evaporate more quickly since water boils at lower temperatures at high altitude. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Air pressure increase with lower altitude. (answers.com)
  • Simply because of the fact that as altitude increases, the less air there is on top of you, and the lower the pressure would be. (answers.com)
  • Could moving to a warm, lower altitude place help polycythemia vera? (dailystrength.org)
  • Such systems have been used by athletes for years , after it was shown that living at altitude increases your endurance -- especially if you then train at lower altitudes. (techdirt.com)
  • The ultimate solution, then, is a system that makes your body think you're at higher altitudes when you sleep or are at home, but then when you train, you're actually at the lower altitudes. (techdirt.com)
  • After living in a new settlement at a lower altitude for a few months, 71-year-old Norbu Dawa found that he had lower blood pressure. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Some artificial methods of simulating altitude can be used at lower elevations to help speed up the adaptation process (or attempt to pre-adapt). (active.com)
  • A University of Miami anthropologist has found that languages of people living at high altitudes, such as Quechuan, tend to have certain consonants that are absent in lower-altitude languages. (csmonitor.com)
  • If you move from a lower altitude, then there may be issues. (metafilter.com)
  • It arises mainly from the reduced air pressure and lower oxygen levels at high altitudes. (infobarrel.com)
  • High altitude and lower air pressure also cause fluid to leak from the blood capillaries which can cause fluid build-up in both the lungs and the brain. (infobarrel.com)
  • [2] Treatment is generally by descending to a lower altitude and sufficient fluids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among other factors the degree of altitude acclimatization determines the risk to develop AMS with a lower risk in well acclimatized compared to non acclimatized persons (4). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • At lower altitudes, a satellite runs into traces of Earth's atmosphere, which creates drag. (howstuffworks.com)
  • It occurs when the body fails to acclimatize while ascending to a high altitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • found that small groups of men exposed to simulated altitudes of up to 4,500 meters did not exhibit significantly different mental capacities compared with the control group. (slate.com)
  • At 2250 meters altitude (7382 feet -- also similar to Mexico City Olympics where the winner in 10k was just over 29:00 and the 5k just over 14:00), I would give a 30-minute race 1:48, a 20-min race 54 seconds and a 10-min race 21 seconds. (letsrun.com)
  • Norbu Dawa is a Tibetan nomad originally from Tsonyi county in the Tibet autonomous region, where the average altitude is 5,000 meters above the sea level. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The fossil from Baishiya Karst cave, situated 10,760 feet (3,280 meters) above sea level, showed not only that Denisovans once were widely distributed in eastern Eurasia but also that they inhabited an inhospitable high-altitude, low-oxygen setting. (reuters.com)
  • While many world class atheltes have migrated to Boulder or have choosen to live at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, your article pretty much says it - Living at high altitude and *training* at low altitudes brings the most bennefit. (techdirt.com)
  • Maybe I missed it, but they're just comparing Americans living at high altitudes to other Americans, right? (metafilter.com)
  • If that's the case, then shuttling the overweight to even a moderate altitude may worsen inflammation and increase their chances of heart attack or other serious problems. (wired.com)
  • The Lions, the Bulls and to a lesser extent, the Cheetahs, all play their home matches at what is classified as moderate altitude between 1000m and 1700m. (news24.com)
  • Pressure altitude is used to indicate "flight level" which is the standard for altitude reporting in the Class A airspace (above roughly 18,000 feet). (wikipedia.org)
  • The DIY crew sent an unmanned powered airship soaring 95,085 feet above Nevada last month, an altitude they claim is the record for a (remotely) piloted airship. (wired.com)
  • Lockheed Martin has been developing its High Altitude Airship, but the vehicle is designed for altitudes around 60,000 feet and is primarily a military observation platform . (wired.com)
  • By raising the altitude of certain flights by just 2,000 feet, scientists say we could reduce climate-affective airplane exhaust by almost 60 percent. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Beginning at about 25,000 feet up, planes at their cruising altitudes disturb the surrounding air and make contrails. (popularmechanics.com)
  • On a 100 degree day in summer, the Santa Monica Airport-located slightly higher than sea level in sunny Southern California--has a density altitude of 3000 feet. (everything2.com)
  • If I were to give you an adjustment on the data I have, I make the following for an altitude of 2000m (6562 feet) -- 5-min race = 4.2 sec, 10-min race = 15 seconds, 20-min race = 40.8 seconds, 30-min race = 72 seconds. (letsrun.com)
  • But that samll difference between 5000 feet and 10,000 feet of altitude is not accurate. (letsrun.com)
  • Figure about 10-15 seconds per mile slower at 5000 feet of altitude (compared to SL), and closer to 20 seconds per mile at 7500 altitude. (letsrun.com)
  • At an altitude of about twelve thousand feet the depth of the snow became suddenly less, soon falling to only an inch or so. (dictionary.com)
  • At an altitude of several hundred feet it straightened out and went due east. (dictionary.com)
  • Once we were cruising at altitude (+/- 30,000 feet) I could not ignore the 'Chemspew' (a term coined for the electro-chemical smog that results from massive Chemtrail spraying & attendant accumulation) being generated in front of me and anyone who cared to look out of any window/portal our airplane. (rense.com)
  • Colorado Trail Race is the altitude champion reaching 13,200 feet. (active.com)
  • I'd like to know what flowers (preferably showy ones) would be successful at my altitude of 8,500 feet in Colorado. (garden.org)
  • Based on a comparison of suicide rates at sea level and at areas above 2,000 feet, living at a high altitude may make people 30% more likely to commit suicide. (metafilter.com)
  • In a 2010 study published in High Altitude Medicine and Biology, the Case Western group analyzed suicide rates across 2,584 counties in 16 states and found that suicides start increasing between 2,000 and 3,000 feet in all U.S. regions. (metafilter.com)
  • The researchers took the group to the Dutch Asthma Centre Davos in Switzerland, which is located at an altitude of approximately 5,250 feet. (empowher.com)
  • Diverting flights into a higher cruising altitude could reduce contrail climate effects by up to 60 percent. (popularmechanics.com)
  • At a higher cruising altitude, warmer temperatures and less humidity means far fewer contrails. (popularmechanics.com)
  • But the stratosphere isn't like Earth's surface, where higher altitudes mean colder temperatures. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Beginning with the 18th century, ballooning has continually achieved higher altitudes. (britannica.com)
  • The higher the temperature, and the greater the altitude , the less distance the height of the pump can be above the water. (dictionary.com)
  • It extends their usefulness by permitting greater speed at higher altitudes with economy and reliability. (sae.org)
  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is best to avoid all non-essential travel, especially to areas of higher altitude. (nationaljewish.org)
  • The amount of sun and ultraviolet light that you're getting is very high, especially at our higher altitude. (unm.edu)
  • You could always just go to higher altitudes. (techdirt.com)
  • I live at a higher altitude, and I see faster results with steroids. (techdirt.com)
  • In spite of hypoxia associated with high altitude, approximately 15 million people live at elevations over 3050 m, and some permanent residents live higher than 4900 m in the Andes. (medscape.com)
  • At altitude, the 26-hour postexercise BALF had significantly higher RBC and protein concentrations, suggesting an ongoing capillary leak. (medscape.com)
  • The Federal Aviation Administration airworthiness directive supersedes a 2008 mandate that limited the aircraft from flying higher than 37,000ft, 4,000ft below its maximum certificated altitude of 41,000ft. (flightglobal.com)
  • Altitude affects climate in that the higher up you get, the more the temperature drops. (reference.com)
  • In higher altitudes, the wind and coldness become a large factor in vegetation development. (ehow.co.uk)
  • As we reach higher altitudes, our body cannot take in as much oxygen as it requires. (infobarrel.com)
  • It usually takes one to three days for the body to acclimatise to a higher altitude. (infobarrel.com)
  • At higher altitudes, where the vacuum of space is nearly complete, there is almost no drag and a satellite like the moon can stay in orbit for centuries. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Curt Skallerup, Altitude- President/CEO. (prweb.com)
  • Altitude Trampoline Park, has announced an agreement is in place for a 20,119 sq. ft. facility in, Slidell, Louisiana at 61119 Airport Road. (prweb.com)
  • Altitude Trampoline Park, has announced an agreement is in place for a 20,119 sq. ft. facility in Slidell, LA. Company officials state that facility preparations on site have begun and they expect to have the newest Altitude location in full operation mid fall. (prweb.com)
  • Altitude Trampoline Park will be one of the largest trampoline parks in the state of Louisiana and is thrilled to bring this high flying one of kind attraction to the Slidell community. (prweb.com)
  • Altitude Trampoline Park places a sharp focus on providing a safe, clean, family friendly environment that will set our park apart. (prweb.com)
  • Like us on our Facebook page Altitude Trampoline Park - Slidell to see exciting park developments and special information on our grand opening festivities coming this fall. (prweb.com)
  • Altitude Trampoline Park will soon be bringing more fun and excitement to the Fort Lauderdale community. (prweb.com)
  • A previous study published May 13 in Science reported that Tibetans are genetically adapted to high altitude. (lockergnome.com)
  • This increases the need for supplemental oxygen support in high altitude areas. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Does air pressure increase as altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • What does air pressure do when altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • How does air pressure change when altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • How does the air pressure change as the altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • Is it true or false that Air pressure increases as Altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • What happens to the altitude when the air pressure increases? (answers.com)
  • How does air pressure changes altitude increases? (answers.com)
  • Air pressure change in each layer of the earth as altitude increases due to variation in the density of air. (answers.com)
  • False, air pressure goes down as altitude increases. (answers.com)
  • Is it true that as altitude increases the density of the air increases? (answers.com)
  • As the altitude increases, the pressure and the density of the atmosphere decrease. (answers.com)
  • But as the altitude increases, air gets thinner in other words the molecules in air are farther than the one close to earth's surface. (answers.com)
  • What happens to the pressure as altitude increases in the troposphere? (answers.com)
  • AT&T had held that Altitude was demanding high rate increases even though many of its customers don't watch the channel. (multichannel.com)
  • Recent studies in animals and man have highlighted the role of the autonomic nervous system in adaptation and in particular the importance of sympathetic activation following high altitude exposure. (springer.com)
  • Regions on the Earth's surface (or in its atmosphere) that are high above mean sea level are referred to as high altitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thank Jim Sokolik and other life-support technicians for keeping the pilots of NASA's ER-2 high-altitude research aircraft safe and under pressure as the planes head into the upper reaches of Earth's atmosphere. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Since Earth also rotates once in 24 hours, a satellite at 22,223 miles altitude stays in a fixed position relative to a point on Earth's surface. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Although most people gradually recover as they adapt to the low atmospheric pressure of high altitude, some persons experience a reaction that can be severe and, unless they return to low altitude, possibly fatal. (britannica.com)
  • Atmospheric pressure is due to air mass loading down to surface, high altitude had smaller amount of air mass on top. (answers.com)
  • What happens to atmospheric pressure as altitude increase? (answers.com)
  • With the gain in altitude there is decrease in atmospheric pressure and partial pressure of oxygen. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • Most permanent high altitude dwellers show excellent adaptation although there are differences between populations in the extent of the ventilatory drive and the erythropoiesis. (springer.com)
  • Some permanent residents who have been at high altitude for generations have probably undergone true Darwinian adaptation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For some things in life, there are simply no shortcuts, and altitude adaptation is one of those things. (active.com)
  • The first adaptation to high altitude is an increase in minute ventilation. (medscape.com)
  • An alternative might be to exercise your lungs (without simulating altitude) by using a respiratory trainer, such as Power Lung, which is about 100 USD. (summitpost.org)
  • This could be a sign of a high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPO) where fluid collects in the lungs, interfering with the supply of oxygen to the body. (infobarrel.com)
  • However, for moderate altitudes like those in South Africa, 5 to 7 days is thought to be sufficient time to adapt enough to eliminate any performance disadvantage. (news24.com)
  • Logic would suggest that you either spend a lot of time at altitude in order to adapt, or you go up immediately before, which is what most coastal teams seem to do. (news24.com)
  • Living at altitude is the only sure fire way to adapt. (active.com)
  • Keep in mind, too, that there is considerable variability between individuals in their ability to adapt to altitude. (active.com)
  • The number of patients with severe form of altitude illnesses, that is high altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema in Nepali trekkers, has dramatically increased in 2016 compared to previous years", said Mr. Thaneswor Bhandari from HRA aid post in Manang. (thehimalayantimes.com)
  • The effect of pressure changes on acute tooth root infection and recent treatment for root canal repair can cause high-altitude illnesses such as pulmonary oedema, according to a study published in the Postgraduate Medical Journal. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Live or sleep in a hypoxic environment using an altitude tent to simulate altitude by lowering the content of oxygen in the air. (active.com)
  • Are there any ways to simulate altitude in your training regime. (summitpost.org)
  • The Altipower Pro kit has you hold a mask to your face and rebreath your exhaled gas, thus progressively reducing your inspired fraction of oxygen to simulate altitude. (summitpost.org)
  • Effect of increased blood flow on pulmonary circulation before and during high altitude acclimatization ," High Altitude Medicine & Biology, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • As chatty mountaineers tend to quickly discover, talking too much at altitude can lead to dehydration. (csmonitor.com)
  • USARIEM facilities allow for the study of various forms of stress that soldiers may encounter in the field and scientists here are investigating ways to help soldiers adjust to these stressors, including extreme temperature, altitude acclimatization , physical work and training injuries, energy deficit, dehydration, inflammatory stressors, chemicals, sleep deficit, and anxiety and fear. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • see QNH) Absolute altitude is the vertical distance of the aircraft above the terrain over which it is flying. (wikipedia.org)
  • In August 1958, Chance Vought Aircraft, North American Aviation, and Convair were selected to conduct funded studies of a low-altitude nuclear-powered strategic missile for a mission no chemical-powered vehicle could perform. (globalsecurity.org)
  • They hope to use high-altitude airships as a launch platform for rockets or hypersonic aircraft sent into space. (wired.com)
  • When an aircraft is designed and flown, its performance figures are always dependent upon the relationship between pressure altitude (a standard datum based on 29.92 inches of mercury at sea level ) and air density , which is a figure that changes according to the temperature. (everything2.com)
  • though I'm sure it's usually more complicated than aircraft colliding because they both chose the same easy to remember altitude. (halfbakery.com)
  • What are the odds of two aircraft, both piloted by slightly squiffy pilots, both being at exactly their intended altitude at the same time, and in the same place? (halfbakery.com)
  • So one can't help but wonder: Will the mile-high altitudes of Denver make Obama supporters even crazier than usual? (slate.com)
  • But if you live in Denver, Calgary, Johannesburg, or a host of other high-altitude locales, you'll face fallen cakes and overflowing batters if you don't. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Altitude Sports & Entertainment, the Denver- based regional sports programmer, has reached a carriage agreement with AT&T, returning its RSNs to AT&T's DirecTV subscribers in 10 states. (multichannel.com)