A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains antifungal plant defensin.
A self-governing state of the Windward Islands in the West Indies, comprising Saint Vincent and the northern islets of the Grenadines. Its capital is Kingstown. It is one of the original homes of the Carib Indians supposed to have been sighted by Columbus in 1498. It was in English hands from 1627 till held by the French 1779-83. Saint Vincent subsequently became a British possession and, with other nearby British territories, was administered by the Governor of the Windward Islands till 1959. It attained a measure of independence in 1969 but achieved full independence as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 1979. Saint Vincent was the 4th century Spanish martyr on whose feast day Columbus discovered the island. Grenadines is derived from the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1054 & The Europa World Year Book 1993, p2441)
The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.
A ketose sugar that is commonly used in the commercial synthesis of ASCORBIC ACID.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).
A family of DNA plant viruses with isometric or bacilliform virions and no envelope. The host ranges of most species are narrow. There are six genera: CAULIMOVIRUS; BADNAVIRUS; Cavemovirus; Soymovirus; Petuvirus; and TUNGROVIRUS.
A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. The common name of white mustard sometimes refers to other plants (MUSTARD PLANT).
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that is grown in rock gardens. T. arvense is grown for its large, round ornamental seed pods. The common name of pennycress usually refers to this genus but may also refer to the genus Microthlaspi.
Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)

Plant cell-directed control of virion sense gene expression in wheat dwarf virus. (1/230)

We have used particle bombardment (biolistics) to deliver replication-competent wheat dwarf virus (WDV)-based constructs, carrying reporter gene sequences fused to the virion sense promoter (Pv) or the CaMV 35S promoter, to suspension culture cells and immature zygotic embryos of wheat. While the replication of WDV double-stranded DNA forms (replicons) was equivalent between wheat suspension culture cells and embryos, GUS reporter gene activity was 20-40 times higher in the embryo cultures. Maximum expression of WDV replicons occurred in the embryonic axis tissue of wheat embryos but their expression in suspension cells was compromised, compared with transiently maintained input plasmid DNA containing the same sequences. From these studies, we propose that WDV replicons are subject to a host cell-controlled competency for virion sense transcription. The term competency is used to distinguish between the phenomenon described here and control of gene expression by specific transcription factors. Control of competency is independent of Pv, the replacement 35S promoter and of the complementary sense control of virion sense expression involving specific sequences in Pv. We propose that factors controlling the competency for replicon expression may be present in cells which, as well as maintaining high rates of DNA synthesis, are totipotent. Cell type control of active chromatin, methylation of specific sequences in WDV minichromosomes and/or interaction of virus-encoded proteins with specific host factors are considered as possible mechanisms.  (+info)

Altered patterns of gene expression in Arabidopsis elicited by cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) infection and by a CaMV gene VI transgene. (2/230)

Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) gene VI protein (P6) is an important determinant of symptom expression. Differential display polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify changes in gene expression in Arabidopsis elicited by a P6 transgene that causes a symptomatic phenotype. We used slot blot hybridization to measure the abundance of mRNAs complementary to 66 candidate PCR products in transgenic, CaMV-infected, and uninfected Arabidopsis plants. CaMV-infected and P6 transgenic plants showed broadly similar changes in abundance of mRNA species. In P6 transgenic plants we detected 18 PCR products that showed unambiguous changes in abundance plus another 15 that showed more limited changes (approximately twofold). CaMV-infected plants showed 17 unambiguous and 13 limited changes. Down-regulated species include those encoding a novel, phenol-like sulfotransferase, and a glycine-rich, RNA-binding protein. Up-regulated species included ones encoding an myb protein, glycine-rich and stress-inducible proteins, and a member of a previously unreported gene family. CaMV infection causes alterations in expression of many Arabidopsis genes. Transgene-mediated expression of P6 mimics virus infection in its effect on host gene expression, providing a potential mechanism for this process.  (+info)

The Arabidopsis dwarf mutant shi exhibits reduced gibberellin responses conferred by overexpression of a new putative zinc finger protein. (3/230)

shi (for short internodes), a semidominant dwarfing mutation of Arabidopsis caused by a transposon insertion, confers a phenotype typical of mutants defective in the biosynthesis of gibberellin (GA). However, the application of GA does not correct the dwarf phenotype of shi plants, suggesting that shi is defective in the perception of or in the response to GA. In agreement with this observation, the level of active GAs was elevated in shi plants, which is the result expected when feedback control of GA biosynthesis is reduced. Cloning of the SHI gene revealed that in shi, the transposon is inserted into the untranslated leader so that a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter in the transposon reads out toward the SHI open reading frame. This result, together with mRNA analysis, suggests that the phenotype of the shi mutant is a result of overexpression of the SHI open reading frame. The predicted amino acid sequence of SHI has acidic and glutamine-rich stretches and shows sequence similarity over a putative zinc finger region to three presumptive Arabidopsis proteins. This suggests that SHI may act as a negative regulator of GA responses through transcriptional control.  (+info)

Identification of inhibitory mutants of Cauliflower mosaic virus movement protein function after expression in insect cells. (4/230)

Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) encodes a movement protein (MP) which forms tubules in vivo and mediates the translocation of virus particles through plasmodesmata. The relationship between CaMV MP structure and function, in isolation from the complete virus infection, was studied by using MP expression in insect cells. The study allowed the MP domains necessary for tubule formation to be identified and potential MP-MP interactions to be investigated by using double infections with recombinant baculoviruses. Two MP domains which interfered with the ability of the wild-type MP to form tubules were identified. These mutant domains appeared to act as competitive, rather than dominant negative, inhibitors.  (+info)

A short open reading frame terminating in front of a stable hairpin is the conserved feature in pregenomic RNA leaders of plant pararetroviruses. (5/230)

In plant pararetroviruses, pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) directs synthesis of circular double-stranded viral DNA and serves as a polycistronic mRNA. By computer-aided analysis, the 14 plant pararetroviruses sequenced so far were compared with respect to structural organization of their pgRNA 5'-leader. The results revealed that the pgRNA of all these viruses carries a long leader sequence containing several short ORFs and having the potential to form a large stem-loop structure; both features are known to be inhibitory for downstream translation. Formation of the structure brings the first long ORF into the close spatial vicinity of a 5'-proximal short ORF that terminates 5 to 10 nt upstream of the stable structural element. The first long ORF on the pgRNA is translated by a ribosome shunt mechanism discovered in cauliflower mosaic (CaMV) and rice tungro bacilliform viruses, representing the two major groups of plant pararetroviruses. Both the short ORF and the structure have been implicated in the shunt process for CaMV pgRNA translation. The conservation of these elements among all plant pararetroviruses suggests conservation of the ribosome shunt mechanism. For some of the less well-studied viruses, the localization of the conserved elements also allowed predictions of the pgRNA promoter region and the translation start site of the first long ORF.  (+info)

A 69 bp fragment in the pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase promoter of Arabidopsis thaliana activates minimal CaMV 35S promoter in a tissue-specific manner. (6/230)

The Arabidopsis thaliana gene that encodes pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (At-P5R), the last enzyme in proline biosynthesis in A. thaliana, is developmentally regulated and is highly expressed in cells that divide rapidly or undergo changes in osmotic potential. A 69 bp region (P69; -120 to -51) has previously been identified in a 5' deletion analysis of the At-P5R promoter to be necessary for the basal expression. Here, the essential role of P69 for tissue-specific expression of At-P5R is demonstrated by loss- and gain-of-function experiments.  (+info)

A stable hairpin preceded by a short open reading frame promotes nonlinear ribosome migration on a synthetic mRNA leader. (7/230)

The regulation of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) pregenomic 35S RNA translation occurs via nonlinear ribosome migration (ribosome shunt) and is mediated by an elongated hairpin structure in the leader. The replacement of the viral leader by a series of short, low-energy stems in either orientation supports efficient ribosomal shunting, showing that the stem per se, and not its sequence, is recognized by the translation machinery. The requirement for cis-acting sequences from the unstructured terminal regions of the viral leader was analyzed: the 5'-terminal polypyrimidine stretch and the short upstream open reading frame (uORF) A stimulate translation, whereas the 3'-flanking region seems not to be essential. Based on these results, an artificial leader was designed with a stable stem flanked by unstructured sequences derived from parts of the 5'- and 3'-proximal regions of the CaMV 35S RNA leader. This artificial leader is shunt-competent in translation assays in vivo and in vitro, indicating that a low-energy stem, broadly used as a device to successfully interfere with ribosome scanning, can efficiently support translation, if preceded by a short uORF. The synthetic 140-nt leader can functionally replace the CaMV 35S RNA 600-nt leader, thus implicating the universal role that nonlinear ribosome scanning could play in translation initiation in eukaryotes.  (+info)

Antisense inhibition of tomato fruit sucrose synthase decreases fruit setting and the sucrose unloading capacity of young fruit. (8/230)

The role of sucrose synthase (SuSy) in tomato fruit was studied in transgenic tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants expressing an antisense fragment of fruit-specific SuSy RNA (TOMSSF) under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. Constitutive expression of the antisense RNA markedly inhibited SuSy activity in flowers and fruit pericarp tissues. However, inhibition was only slight in the endosperm and was undetectable in the embryo, shoot, petiole, and leaf tissues. The activity of sucrose phosphate synthase decreased in parallel with that of SuSy, but acid invertase activity did not increase in response to the reduced SuSy activity. The only effect on the carbohydrate content of young fruit was a slight reduction in starch accumulation. The in vitro sucrose import capacity of fruits was not reduced by SuSy inhibition at 23 days after anthesis, and the rate of starch synthesized from the imported sucrose was not lessened even when SuSy activity was decreased by 98%. However, the sucrose unloading capacity of 7-day-old fruit was substantially decreased in lines with low SuSy activity. In addition, the SuSy antisense fruit from the first week of flowering had a slower growth rate. A reduced fruit set, leading to markedly less fruit per plant at maturity, was observed for the plants with the least SuSy activity. These results suggest that SuSy participates in the control of sucrose import capacity of young tomato fruit, which is a determinant for fruit set and development.  (+info)

The genome contains a single molecule of circular and is not segmented. The genome is made of a double stranded DNA and is -RT. Virions do not contain minor species of non-genomic nucleic acid. The complete genome is sequenced, but can only be estimated at about 8000 nucleotides long. It has single-stranded discontinuities at specific sites and the transcribed strand has at least one discontinuity while the non-trnascribed strand has two discontinuities. The genome may have an intergenic poly (A) region. Members of this genus have 6 or 7 open reading frames (ORFs); viruses in the Caulimoviridae family with either more or fewer ORFs have been reclassified into other genera in the family (sources: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/00.015.0.01.htm ICTVdB], [http://www.dpvweb.net/notes/showgenus.php?genus=Caulimovirus Descriptions of Plant Viruses ...
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetroviruses that infect plants. Pararetroviruses replicate through reverse transcription just like retroviruses, but the viral particles contain DNA instead of RNA. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type species of the family Caulimoviridae. This family is grouped together with Hepadnaviruses into the Pararetrovirus group due to its mode of replication via reverse transcription of a pre-genomic RNA intermediate. CaMV infects mostly plants of the Brassicaceae family (such as cauliflower and turnip) but some CaMV strains (D4 and W260) are also able to infect Solanaceae species of the genera Datura and Nicotiana. CaMV induces a variety of systemic symptoms such as mosaic, necrotic lesions on leaf surfaces, stunted growth, and deformation of the overall plant structure. The symptoms exhibited vary depending on the viral strain, host ecotype, and environmental ...
Cauliflower Mosaic Virus is classified as an icosahedral (20 sided) virus. This is because of the icosahedral shape of the capsid that surrounds the viral genome. This shape gives the virus 20 symmetrical triangular faces. This symmetry allows for synthesis efficiency by having the same small number of proteins being produced from a small number genes and from short chromosome sequences. This allows the largest and most complex capsid to be formed from the least amount of resources making it more efficient than a non-symmetrical capsid (Slonczewski). The structure of cauliflower mosaic virus is approximately 52 nanometers in diameter and is surrounded by 420 capsid proteins arranged in triangulation T=7 (P, Ashwathi). In addition to capsid proteins, caulimoviruses are also surrounded by virus associated proteins (Caulimovirus.). These proteins are responsible for assisting in the binding of the virus to DNA on its c-terminal end (InterPro.). The efficiency of the icosahedral structure allows ...
Translation of the polycistronic 35S RNA of CaMV (cauliflower mosaic virus) occurs via a reinitiation mechanism, which requires TAV (transactivator/viroplasmin). To allow translation reinitiation of the major open reading frames on the polycistronic RNA, TAV interacts with the host translational machinery via eIF3 (eukaryotic initiation factor 3) and the 60S ribosome. Accumulation of TAV and eIF3 in the polysomal fraction isolated from CaMV-infected cells suggested that TAV prevents loss of eIF3 from the translating ribosomes during the first initiation event. The TAV-eIF3-80S complex could be detected in vitro by sucrose-gradient-sedimentation analysis. The question is whether TAV interacts directly with the 48S preinitiation complex or enters polysomes after the first initiation event. eIF4B, a component of the 48S initiation complex, can preclude formation of the TAV-eIF3 complex via competition with TAV for eIF3 binding; the eIF4B- and TAV-binding sites on eIF3g overlap. eIF4B out-competes ...
Vincent and Dickson continue virology 101 with a discussion of information flow from RNA to DNA, a process known as reverse transcription, which occurs in cells infected with retroviruses, hepatitis B virus, cauliflower mosaic virus, foamy viruses, and even in uninfected cells.. This episode is sponsored by Data Robotics Inc. To receive $50 off a Drobo or $100 off a Drobo S, visit drobostore.com and use the promotion code VINCENT.. [powerpress url=http://traffic.libsyn.com/twiv/TWiV066.mp3″]. Click the arrow above to play, or right-click to download TWiV #66 (50 MB .mp3, 68 minutes). Subscribe to TWiV (free) in iTunes , at the Zune Marketplace, by the RSS feed, or by email.. Links for this episode:. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Arabidopsis thaliana expressing the cauliflower mosaic virus ORF VI transgene has a late flowering phenotype. AU - Zijlstra, Carolien. AU - Schärer-Hernández, Nania. AU - Gal, Susannah. AU - Hohn, Thomas. PY - 1996/11/20. Y1 - 1996/11/20. N2 - Expression of open reading frame (ORF) VI of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana caused a typical syndrome characterised by leaf chlorosis, vein clearing, plant stunting and reduced fertility. In addition and in comparison to untransformed controls we observed the formation of much larger rosettes of leaves combined with much later flowering and more extensive tillering. In these aspects, the ORF VI transgenic plants resembled late flowering mutants. All these phenotypes correlated with expression of ORF VI in three lines of transgenic plants which were produced independently, with different Ti-plasmid derived vectors and with different selective markers. The late flowering phenotype cosegregated with the ...
Unscramble cauliflower, Unscramble letters cauliflower, Point value for cauliflower, Word Decoder for cauliflower, Word generator using the letters cauliflower, Word Solver cauliflower, Possible Scrabble words with cauliflower, Anagram of cauliflower
Posted By Caulimovirus on July 22, 2011 .: I bought a five-year one line a day memory book, or a calendar diary. As lame as that sounds, I think its a pretty neat idea: each page is dedicated to a day of the year, so that as you finish one year you wrap around to where you started, only one line below. Its a nice reminder of how much or how little time has passed since certain events, and Ive just recently completed my first year. To celebrate, Im going to post a summary once a week of last years week. When appropriate, Ill post the entire original entry as is, and then elaborate as much as my memory allows. Friday, July 16th, 2010. Purchased twitter analog. Designed maize chloroplast target sequence w/ Pal & Toey. Failed to yield to plain-clothes cop at crosswalk.. .: I had ambitions at one time to genetically engineer the chloroplast of maize. It would have been a real achievement - Monsanto and Dupont having spent half a decade each on the project before giving up - but I suffered a ...
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Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
½ t chili powder. Preheat the oven to 375º.. Mix all the ingredients for the dipping sauce in a small bowl and place in the refrigerator to chill.. Using your fingers, snap off individual cauliflower florets or cut them off with the tip of a sharp knife from the core. Slice any of the florets in half that are 2 round or larger.. Place a buttered, glass, baking dish or cookie sheet in the oven to heat that will fit all the cauliflower in a single layer and allow for space in between the florets.. Beat the two eggs together with a fork, in a large, deep bowl. Add the remainder of the ingredients with only as much water needed to form a thick batter that will not quite pour.. Toss the cauliflower florets into the mixture and coat evenly. Then spread the battered cauliflower out on the hot baking dish, leaving space between each floret. Bake for 20 minutes or until the bottoms are crusty.. Using a thin metal spatula to preserve the coating, turn the cauliflower and bake for another 15-20 minutes ...
Place an oven rack on the middle shelf of the oven and preheat to 350°F. On a sheet pan, spread the cauliflower in a single layer. In a small bowl, combine the olive oil, lemon juice, cherries, salt and pepper and mix until well blended. Drizzle the cauliflower with the mixture and bake for 25 minutes, until the cauliflower is tender. Halfway through the cooking process, turn the cauliflower. Some of the smaller pieces may cook more quickly; watch them carefully to avoid burning. Remove the cauliflower from the oven, making sure to scrape up all the bits, transfer to a dish and serve. Serves 2. ...
Find and save ideas about Cauliflower benefits on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Benefits of cauliflower, Broccoli health benefits and Cheesy cauliflower recipes.
The majority of crop plant constructions for herbicide or disease resistance employ a Promoter from cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). Regardless of the gene transferred, all transfers require a promoter, which is like a motor driving production of the genes message. Without a promoter, the gene is inactive, but replicated, CaMV is used because it is a powerful motor which drives replication of the retrovirus and is active in both angiosperms and gymnosperms. The CaMV pararetrovirus replication cycle involves production vegetative virus containing RNA which is reverse transcribed to make DNA similar to HIV, Human Leukemia Virus and Human hepatitis B. (Bonneville et al. RNA Genetics Vo.11, Retroviruses, Viroids and RNA Recombination pp. 23-42, 1988). CaMV is closely related to hepatitis B and is closely related to HIV (Doolittle et al. Quart.Rev.Biol. 64,2, 1989; Xiong and Eickbush, EMBO Joumal 9, 3353, 1990). The CaMV promoter is preferred above other potential promoters because it is a more ...
Cauliflower is the new bread - or at least thats what this trend would have you believe. Cauliflower pizza crust, cauliflower pasta, cauliflower...
In this study a new real-time PCR assay for the detection of figwort mosaic virus (FMV) DNA is described. This assay targets a 113-bp-long sequence of the FMV open reading frame Vll, a non-conserved coding region among the caulimoviruses. Detection of FMV DNA is useful to complement screening for the FMV 34S promoter (P-FMV), a genetic element present in several genetically modified (GM) plants. T ...
In this study a new real-time PCR assay for the detection of figwort mosaic virus (FMV) DNA is described. This assay targets a 113-bp-long sequence of the FMV open reading frame Vll, a non-conserved coding region among the caulimoviruses. Detection of FMV DNA is useful to complement screening for the FMV 34S promoter (P-FMV), a genetic element present in several genetically modified (GM) plants. T ...
Knowing what type of cauliflower diseases may afflict the veggie and troubleshooting these cauliflower problems will aid in the healthy production and yield of the plant. Click this article to learn more about treating these issues.
Jeremiah Cornelius writes Researchers with the European Food Safety Authority discovered variants of the Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S in the most widely harvested varieties of genetically-modified crops, including Monsantos RoundupReady Soy and Maze. According to the researchers, Podevin and du J...
Jeremiah Cornelius writes Researchers with the European Food Safety Authority discovered variants of the Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S in the most widely harvested varieties of genetically-modified crops, including Monsantos RoundupReady Soy and Maze. According to the researchers, Podevin and du J...
The calculated maximum value of the transmission factor for the specimen. Its value does not include the effects of absorption in the specimen mount. The presence of this item does not imply that the structure factors have been corrected for absorption. The applied correction should be given by _exptl_absorpt_correction_T_max ...
Cauliflower vs Sun-dried tomato - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Compare Cauliflower to Sun-dried tomato by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool.
Cauliflower Mashed Potatoes with Truffle Oil - cauliflower and potatoes, scented with truffle oil, makes a lower carb option for special occasions.
If you have been wondering how to plant cauliflower, you will find that it is not difficult. Growing cauliflower can be done right along with your other garden crops. Click here for more information.
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Penne with Cauliflower based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Whole Wheat Penne (dry), Olive Oil, Cauliflower, raw, Red Ripe Tomatoes, Parmesan Cheese, grated and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Cauliflower provides Vitamin C and Vitamin K. It also provides minerals to the diet including selenium, iron, zinc, and copper. Cauliflower contains the
Is Cauliflower Good for Diabetics? Cauliflower is a Vegetable That is Ultra Healthy for You & if Youre a Diabetic Its Even More Important to Have in Your Diet
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Roasted Cauliflower based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Olive Oil, Cauliflower, raw, Parmesan Cheese, grated and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Looking for a delicious way to add cauliflower to your diet? Try this easy 3 ingredient roasted cauliflower recipe from Erin Kuh.
Try substituting white rice with this paleo and diabetic-friendly cauliflower rice recipe. With the help of your Blendtec blender, this is a breeze to make.
Preheat oven to 200°C. Line a large baking tray with baking paper. Toss cauliflower florets with oil in a large bowl. Place florets on prepared tray in a single layer and transfer to oven. Roast ...
A first class infographic about the health benefits of cauliflowers along with a detailed article on the topic. The health benefits are elaborated and segmented on topics for easy reading.
Potent Cancer Fighter. (How does Cauliflower fight cancer? Within minutes of being eaten, sulforaphane enters the bloodstream and turbocharges the bodys antioxidant defense systems. When it reaches the cells, it activates phase-2 detoxification enzymes in the liver, which then disarm carinogenic molecules and help remove them from the cells.)[1] ...
By Dr. Mercola From Mercola.com Cauliflower is a member of the cruciferous family of vegetables, often overshadowed by its green cousin broccoli. This is (...)
Its taken me a while to embrace cauliflower, which has never been -- and likely never will be -- one of my favorite vegetables, but this version, tender albeit under-seasoned, proved to be a worthwhile attempt to move me toward acceptance. Can you guess where Im eating? Special bonus: Anyone...
Cauliflower is one of the healthiest foods thanks to its rich supply of health-promoting phytochemicals and high level of anti-inflammatory compounds.
You may have heard some health buffs saying that you should avoid white foods. The truth is there may be some merit to that, as most white foods are sources of bad carbs. Cauliflower, though, is not one of those…. Read More ...
Cauliflower, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Cauliflower, raw Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
This healthy cauliflower soup recipe gets its great flavor from two smoked ingredients--paprika and Gouda. A hearty serving of crunchy croutons makes it filling.
The laws that govern how intricate surface patterns, such as those found in the cauliflower, develop over time have been described, for the first time, by a group of European researchers.
You may have heard some health buffs saying that you should avoid white foods. The truth is there may be some merit to that, as most white foods are sources of bad carbs. Cauliflower, though, is not one of those…. Read More ...
Make the best Creamy Cauliflower Bisque with this easy recipe. Find thousands of free, expert-tested, printable recipes on HowStuffWorks.com.
Make the best Herbed Cauliflower Casserole with this easy recipe. Find thousands of free, expert-tested, printable recipes on HowStuffWorks.com.
As part of a school assignment I had to think of a new stir fry recipe to make for lunch! When I looked up some ideas I saw a lot of recipes that had rice and spaghetti in them. I decided to make my own paleo version of a rice stir fry. Here is my…
Cassava vein mosaic virus (CVMV) was found to be widespread throughout the north-eastern region of Brazil. The complete sequence of CVMV was determined, and the genome was 8158 bp in size. A cytosolic initiator methionine tRNA (tRNAmet i)-binding site that probably acts as a primer for minus-strand synthesis was present. The genome contained five open reading frames that potentially encode proteins with predicted molecular masses of 186 kDa, 9 kDa, 77 kDa, 24 kDa and 26 kDa. The putative 186 kDa protein had regions with similarity to the zinc finger-like RNA-binding domain that is a common element in the capsid proteins and similarity to the intercellular transport domain of the plant pararetroviruses. The predicted 77 kDa protein had regions with similarity to aspartic proteases, reverse transcriptase and RNase H of pararetroviruses. This gene order was confirmed by the amplification of similar PCR products from total DNA extracted from CVMV-infected cassava plants. The genomic organization of CVMV was
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is transmitted to crucifers in a noncirculative manner by several aphid species. CaMV is preferentially acquired from the phloem, although acquisition also occurs after brief intracellular stylet punctures of aphid vectors in nonvascular leaf tissues. In the present work, we used the electrical penetration graph technique to study the specific aphid stylet activities and behavioral events leading to the inoculation of CaMV to turnip plants by its two major vectors, Brevicoryne brassicae (L.) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Aphids subjected to an 8-h acquisition access time on infected plants were transferred to test plants and removed immediately after specific behavioral events were recorded. CaMV was readily inoculated after the first intracellular puncture in nonvascular tissues by both vector species. Inoculation rate of CaMV by B. brassicae was the highest after a 3-h inoculation access period, regardless of whether aphids had reached the phloem phase during ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 10:394-400...Continual Green-Fluorescent Protein Monitoring of Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S Promoter Activity in Nematode-Induced Feeding Cells in Arabidopsis thaliana...
Natural mixed infections of plant viruses are frequent, often leading to unpredictable variations in symptoms, infectivity, accumulation and/or vector transmissibility. Cauliflower mosaic caulimovirus (CaMV) has often been found in mixed infections with turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV) in plants of the genus Brassica. This study addressed the effect of mixed infection on infectivity, pathogenicity and accumulation of CaMV and TuMV in Arabidopsis thaliana plants inoculated mechanically with cDNA infectious clones. In singly infected plants, TuMV accumulation was approximately 8-fold higher than that of CaMV. In co-infected plants, there was 77 % more TuMV accumulation compared with single infections, whilst the accumulation of CaMV was 56 % lower. This outcome describes a biological game in which TuMV always plays the winner strategy, leading to the competitive exclusion of CaMV. However, the infectivity of each virus was not affected by the presence of the other, and no symptom synergism was ...
Several new cultivars of cauliflower with green curds have been introduced to growing practice in Poland lately. They yield very well in Polish climatic conditions. These cultivars are a result of crossing between white cauliflower and broccoli cultivars [4]. Optimum storage conditions for white cauliflower are: temperature of 0-1°C and 95-98% RH. Wrapping curds with a stretch plastic film is also recommended [1, 20, 21]. Controlled atmosphere (CA) storage offers moderate benefit to white cauliflower cultivars, however the best CA gas composition is 3-5% CO2 + 2-3% O2. Storage of cauliflowers for more than 3-4 weeks is not recommended. Some flavour changes of cauliflowers, when CO2 concentration in the atmosphere exceed 5% was observed [1]. Green cultivars show a better storage ability than the white ones and they store well in CA composed of 5% CO2 + 3% O2, or 3% CO2 + 3% O2 [5, 6]. Green cauliflowers have dif ferent sensory characteristics than the white ones and they content more dry matter ...
Cell stress activates signaling pathways, allowing cells to choose between survival and apoptosis. Translation plays a critical role in balancing this choice by allowing for rapid and physiologically responsive changes in de novo gene expression. The steady-state abundance of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 2 (cIAP2) is increased in response to various cell stresses. This modular protein contains baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) motifs and ubiquitin protein ligase (E3) activity, which allows it to bind directly to caspases and to modulate activation of the transcription factor, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). The messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding cIAP2 is a large 5.5-kb transcript, with a highly structured 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) also containing 64 upstream initiation codons ahead of the true start codon. cIAP2 employs an unusual cap-dependent mechanism of ribosome shunting to bypass the majority of the inhibitory elements in the 5′UTR, a mechanism first described for plant pararetroviruses. ...
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And its very simple to make. You just cut a head of cauliflower into pieces about 1 1/2 inches thick. Combine the pieces with the salt and butter, then put it all in a large skillet and pour in enough water to nearly cover the contents. Bring the water to a boil, throw on a lid and let it steam for 10 minutes or just until the cauliflower becomes tender.. Now for the hardest part. Youre going to boil and reduce the water in which the veggie was steamed as a way to concentrate its flavor - a step that requires you to wait patiently. Afterward, you can resume charging ahead, pureeing the reduced liquid and the cooked cauliflower in a blender until silky smooth.. Thats it. Not only is this puree tasty, smooth and light, its also the perfect vehicle for any sauce ... just like mashed potatoes.. Cauliflower Mashed Potatoes. Start to finish: 55 minutes (25 minutes hands-on). Servings: 6. 1 small head cauliflower (about 2 1/4 pounds), core removed and cut into 1 1/2-inch pieces. 1/2 teaspoon kosher ...
To rice the Cauliflower: Take 1 large head of fresh cauliflower, remove stems and leaves, and chop the florets into chunks. Add to food processor and pulse until it looks like grain. Do not over-do pulse or you will puree it. (If you dont have a food processor, you can grate the whole head with a cheese grater). Place the riced cauliflower into a microwave safe bowl and microwave for 8 minutes. There is no need to add water, as the natural moisture in the cauliflower is enough to cook itself. One large head should produce approximately 3 cups of riced cauliflower. The remainder can be used to make additional pizza crusts immediately, or can be stored in the refrigerator for up to one week ...
Nutritional. If you have a lack of the vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine) and B9 (folic acid), the cauliflower is the perfect vegetable for you.. Besides being rich in omega-3 fatty acids, it also contains vitamin K. Cauliflower is a very good source of proteins, phosphorus and potassium. The cauliflower is also famous for containing powerful antioxidants such as vitamin C and manganese.. Antioxidant. Even though we have mentioned some of its powerful antioxidants above, the cauliflower also contains carotenoids such as beta-carotene and phytonutrients that include kaempferol, ferulic acid, cinnamic acid and caffeic acid.. You will protect yourself from free radical damage and reduce your risk of getting a disease that is caused by oxidative stress such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer, if you include cauliflower in your everyday diet. Providing your body with these antioxidants will bring you positive results.. Detoxification. If ...
Business Directory for Cauliflower Suppliers in Delhi - Get contact details of Cauliflower Manufacturers, Wholesale Cauliflower Exporters, Best Cauliflower Traders & Distributors Across the Delhi.
Comparison of White, Orange & Purple Cauliflower. Plant breeders developed colored varieties of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis) naturally, not by genetic modification. Orange and purple varieties contain vitamins and healthful nutrients not found in white cauliflower. Cauliflower is a cool season annual ...
Looking for cauliflower contracture? Find out information about cauliflower contracture. The narrowing of a section of a column. Shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, producing distortion or deformity or abnormal limitation of movement of a... Explanation of cauliflower contracture
Cauliflower has been described as a vegetable with a high nutritional value due to its high content of vitamins, antioxidants and anti-carcinogenic compounds. Cauliflower inflorescences are harvested while they are totally immature, which implies severe changes in nutrient, water and hormonal status. Harvesting and the following processing can cause severe stress determining the appearance of accelerated senescence symptoms. The effects of processing and cold storage of minimally processed cauliflower were investigated. Florets were treated with antioxidants before storage in PE bags at 4°C for 21 days. During the storage period the weight loss, colour, firmness, SSC and pH were evaluated. Cauliflower showed a good shelf-life and overall quality maintenance but also a susceptibility to browning of cut zones ...
The synthetic gox gene. An open reading frame (ORF; EMBL Bank: GU214711.1) of 1296 bp was previously reported as a goxgenesequence. The sequence was optimized based on the canola plant codon preference, and the regulatory Kozak sequence was added before the start codon to improve the efficiency of transcription and translation (Kozak, 1989; Gustafsson et al. 2004). The BamHI and SacI restriction sites were introduced at the 5 and 3 ends of the synthetic gene, respectively. The synth-gox gene was synthesized by Shine Gene Molecular Biotech, Incorporated (Shanghai, China), and the sequence was submitted to GenBank (Accession Number, HQ110097).. Construction of plant expression vector. The synth-gox gene was used to replace the gus fragment in the binary vector pBI121 (Clontech) using BamHI and SacI restriction sites. By this strategy, the synth-gox gene came under the control of the constitutive cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter and nopaline synthase (nos) terminator (pBI-synth-gox) ...
A versatile gene expression cartridge and binary vector system was constructed for use in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. The expression cartridge of the primary cloning vector, pART7, comprises of cauliflower mosaic virus Cabb B-JI isolate 35S promoter, a multiple cloning site and the …
Cauliflower is a cool-season crop in the cole family, which includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collards, kale, and kohlrabi. Get expert tips for growing cauliflower.
Ingredients: 1 DOLE® head cauliflower, core removed, cut into florets, 1 tablespoon olive oil, Salt and pepper, sliced green onions for garnish, Directions:Blend half the cauliflower florets in the bowl of a food processor. Pulse until it resembles couscous. Repeat with remaining florets.Heat oil over medium heat in a large skillet with a lid. Add cauliflower. Season with salt and pepper. Cook and stir for 1 minute. Cover and cook for 5 to 6 minutes, stirring once.Garnish with sliced green onions. Serve warm. ...
Slightly hot. Slightly creamy. And full on delicious. This easy twist on roasted cauliflower will keep you coming back for more. All cauliflower all the time. Maybe I should start a cauliflower blog. Kidding. But I seriously feel like the […]
Health Benefits of Cauliflower - Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable and is a part of the brassicaceae family. Its florets are usually consumed, though..
The plant growth hormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) transcriptionally activates expression of several genes in plants. We have previously identified a 164-bp promoter region (-318 to -154) in the PS-IAA4/5 gene that confers IAA inducibility. Linker-scanning mutagenesis across the region has identified two positive domains: domain A (48 bp; -203 to -156) and domain B (44 bp; -299 to -256), responsible for transcriptional activation of PS-IAA4/5 by IAA. Domain A contains the highly conserved sequence 5-TGTCCCAT-3 found among various IAA-inducible genes and behaves as the major auxin-responsive element. Domain B functions as an enhancer element which may also contain a less efficient auxin-responsive element. The two domains act cooperatively to stimulate transcription; however, tetramerization of domain A or B compensates for the loss of A or B function. The two domains can also mediate IAA-induced transcription from the heterologous cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (-73 to +1). In vivo ...
The results presented here represent the highest reported level of plant-based protein production without the use of viral replication. We report the creation of an expression system based on a version of CPMV RNA-2 that is hypertranslatable relative to the wild-type version. By the removal of an upstream AUG that appears to inhibit translation, the system allows a variety of proteins to be produced to levels similar to that from state-of-the-art viral vectors in a matter of days, and without concomitant shortcomings of viral replication of transcripts. A recent study (Lindbo, 2007) showed 100-fold better expression for a single protein, GFP, from a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector than when P19 was coinfiltrated with a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter-driven construct. The HT constructs used in this study produced GFP levels in the same order of magnitude as the highest achieved with the TMV vector used in that study.. A significant disadvantage of vectors based on monopartite ...
Purpose: To obtain an analytical empirical formula for the photon dose source term in forward direction from bremsstrahlung generated from laser-plasma accelerated electron beams in aluminum solid targets, with electron-plasma temperatures in the 10-100 keV energy range, and to calculate transmission factors for iron, aluminum, methacrylate, lead and concrete and air, materials most commonly found in vacuum chamber labs. Methods: Bremsstrahlung fluence is calculated from the convolution of thin-target bremsstrahlung spectrum for monoenergetic electrons and the relativistic Maxwell-Juettner energy distribution for the electron-plasma. Unattenuatted dose in tissue is calculated by integrating the photon spectrum with the mass-energy absorption coefficient. For the attenuated dose, energy dependent absorption coefficient, build-up factors and finite shielding correction factors were also taken into account. For the source term we use a modified formula from Hayashi et al., and we fitted the ...
The photometric separator here described, illuminated by monochromatic light, enables accurate visual measurements of the transmission factors of parallel plates to be made. The geometrical design has been developed to eliminate systematic errors. The scale of densities depends upon Talbot law. Within the uncertainties of visual settings, the results of measurements are in very good accordance with those obtained from the best available photoelectric methods. Improvements are possible with a larger monochromator.. © 1950 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
Cauliflower, green, raw from the USDA Nutrition Facts on RecipeTips.Com Cauliflower, green, raw: USDA Nutrition Facts: RecipeTips.com - 2
Find Out How Many Calories Are In Uno Smashed Cauliflower, Good or Bad Points and Other Nutrition Facts about it. Take a look at Uno Smashed Cauliflower related products and other millions of foods.
Broccoli and Cauliflower are in the same family, both look like small trees, and are two vegetables that pack a serious nutrition punch. Pound for pound, its harder to eat anything else that has more nutrients in one serving. Although cauliflower has fewer calories, carbohydrates and sugars, the amounts for both of these foods is…
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Cauliflower, Boiled W/salt. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Cauliflower, Boiled W/salt. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
ISIS first raised concerns over the CaMV 35S and similar promoters in a paper published in the journal Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease in 1999 [4] (Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter - A Recipe for Disaster?) when it was discovered to have a recombination (fragmentation) hotspot that would enhance unintended horizontal gene transfer and recombination, and in the process create new viruses or activate old ones, and trigger cancer in animal cells by well-known processes of insertion carcinogenesis. The CaMV 35S promoter was known to be highly promiscuous in being able to function in most if not all species across the living world (including human cells, as it turned out). To make matters worse, many synthetic versions of the promoter have been constructed with additional enhancers for gene expression and sequences from other sources, all of which increase its instability (tendency to fragment) as well as its ability to drive inappropriate gene expression. (We also reported the overlap of ...
Dormant viruses can be reactivated with genetically modified organisms - new research see also http://www.scup.no/mehd/ho New Research Results on Genetically Modified Organisms The use of the Cauliflower Mosaic Viral promotor (CaMV) has the potential to reactivate dormant viruses or create new viruses in all species to which it is transferred. CaMV is known to be found in practically all current transgenic crops released commercially or undergoing field trials. This transgenic instability increases the possibility of promotion of an inappropriate over-expression of genes to the transferred species. The development of cancer may be one consequence of such inappropriate over-expression of genes. The scientists behind the research strongly recommend that all transgenic crops containing CaMV 35S or similar promoters which are recombinogenic should be immediately withdrawn from commercial production or open field trials. All products derived from such crops containing transgenic DNA should also be ...
The authentic version of this Greek vegetable dish calls for twice as much olive oil I like the combination of kalamata olives, cauliflower and tomatoes Serve it with whole grains, such as spelt, bulgur or barley.
(93 days) F-1 hybrid. On Oct. 11 our trialer noted, I went out today and found two absolutely beautiful large heads of Snow Mystique. Big, tight and gorgeous! Mystique has all the attributes we loved in Cassius: clean white dense well-proportioned heads, the same good upright habit and the dome shape to ward off excess moisture plus a tender flavor not expected from such a massive plant. Massive it was, heads rated at 1.8 lb average by our supplier, but double that weight in our trial. Perfect for end of September and early October when cauliflower is at its best in our climate. Can be slow-growing in higher elevations and cold spots. Tested negative for BR and BL.
This Cajun Cauliflower Dirty Rice is loaded with meat, vegetables and spices thatll provide bursts of flavor, and help boost your health too.
See how many calories are in Cauliflower, green, cooked, with salt along with its full nutrition facts including carbs, fat, protein and more.
Roast it, rice it, burger it, or turn it into soup-youll never run out of ideas for that hearty leftover veggie with these amazing cauliflower recipes!
A lighter version of a classic white sauce coats this cauliflower dish thats perfect for a potluck buffet. —Taste of Home Test Kitchen
5. Whilst cauliflower is warm, toss with the dressing and leave to cool (add a little of the dressing at a time. I prefer it to be lightly coated rather than drenched). Serve as a side to grilled chicken or fish. You could also serve this with the super green salad or have a small portion as a snack. ...
Who doesnt like a dish of cauliflower couscous salad? Below you will find a simple recipes to deliver this dish in its best form. Try it today!
Yes, thats right, Sue. But in highland tropic cauliflowers grow so well. In the middle land and low land, the heat always be a problem, although we use heat-tolerant variety.. Delete ...
Calories, carbs, fat, protein, fiber, cholesterol, and more for Cauliflower (Frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt). Want to use it in a meal plan? Head to the diet generator and enter the number of calories you want.
If your memories of cauliflower are haunted by unpleasant odors, you can fix most of the problem by steaming. Steaming is a great choice from both a sensory and nutritional perspective. It cooks ...
There are 20 calories in 1 serving, 1/2 cup of Golden Corral Cauliflower Steamed. Youd need to walk 5 minutes to burn 20 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
Roasting isnt usually the first cooking method you think of for cauliflower but the results are quite delicious. The florets are cut into thick slices and tossed with extra-virgin olive oil and herbs. Wherever the flat surfaces come into contact with the hot roasting pan, a deep browning occurs that results in a sweet, nutty flavor.
Creamy cauliflower and cumin soup is a quick and easy delicious soup. Its the perfect go-to winter comfort soup and ideal as a starter for a meal.
Strawberry vein banding caulimovirus: biology and characterization. PhD dissertation. University of California, Davis. pp. 124 ...
... (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the family Caulimoviridae, ... "The leading sequence of caulimovirus large RNA can be folded into a large stem-loop structure". Nucleic Acids Res. 16 (17): ...
The following genera are recognized: Badnavirus Caulimovirus Cavemovirus Dioscovirus Petuvirus Rosadnavirus Solendovirus ...
Cardiovirus Cardoreovirus Carlavirus Carltongylesvirus Caroctavirus Carpasinavirus Casadabanvirus Catalunyavirus Caulimovirus ...
... caulimovirus MeSH B04.715.464.150 - comovirus MeSH B04.715.464.180 - cucumovirus MeSH B04.715.464.600 - potyvirus MeSH B04.715. ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are ... Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Ortervirales Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Caulimovirus Angeliac bushy stunt virus Atractylodes mild ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Viralzone: Caulimovirus ICTV. ... flower distortion virus Soybean Putnam virus Strawberry vein banding virus Thistle mottle virus Viruses in Caulimovirus are non ...
Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species Blumenkohlmosaikvirus, en. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV )). *Genus Cavemovirus ...
Caulimovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are ... Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Ortervirales Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Caulimovirus Angeliac bushy stunt virus Atractylodes mild ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Viralzone: Caulimovirus ICTV. ... flower distortion virus Soybean Putnam virus Strawberry vein banding virus Thistle mottle virus Viruses in Caulimovirus are non ...
Vincent and Dickson continue virology 101 with a discussion of information flow from RNA to DNA, a process known as reverse transcription, which occurs in cells infected with retroviruses, hepatitis B virus, cauliflower mosaic virus, foamy viruses, and even in uninfected cells.. This episode is sponsored by Data Robotics Inc. To receive $50 off a Drobo or $100 off a Drobo S, visit drobostore.com and use the promotion code VINCENT.. [powerpress url="http://traffic.libsyn.com/twiv/TWiV066.mp3″]. Click the arrow above to play, or right-click to download TWiV #66 (50 MB .mp3, 68 minutes). Subscribe to TWiV (free) in iTunes , at the Zune Marketplace, by the RSS feed, or by email.. Links for this episode:. ...
Virion Structure of a Caulimovirus. The virions of a caulimovirus consis of a capsid that is not envelped but round with ... Caulimovirus. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 17:58, 29 June 2006 by Mschlemm. (talk ... Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Caulimovirus Species. Blueberry red ringspot virus, Carnation etched ring ... Caulimovirus is not transmitted by seeds or pollen. As regards vector transmission, the virus is trasmitted by insects of the ...
Virion Structure of a Caulimovirus. The virions of a caulimovirus consis of a capsid that is not envelped but round with ... Caulimovirus is not transmitted by seeds or pollen. As regards vector transmission, the virus is trasmitted by insects of the ... Reproduction Cycle of a Caulimovirus in a Host Cell. The genome of caulivirus replicates in the nucleus or the cytoplasm and ... Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Caulimovirus Species. Blueberry red ringspot virus, Carnation etched ring ...
Caulimoviridae; Integrated Virus; Caulimovirus-5_ArHy Source: Arachis hypogaea Organism: Arachis hypogaea Taxonomy: Eukaryota; ...
14 March 2018: Caulimovirus. 13 March 2018: Rhodocrinus. 12 March 2018: Pediculus humanus capitis. 12 March 2018: Tiliaceae. 12 ...
Buy the Other Book Virus Taxonomy by Andrew MQ King at Indigo.ca, Canadas largest bookstore. + Get Free Shipping on books over $25!
Caulimovirus:. cauliflower mosaic virus. Plants. Hepadnaviridae:. Orthohepadnavirus. hepatitis B virus. Vertebrates. ...
Caulimovirus / genetics* * Caulimovirus / physiology * Cloning, Molecular * Conserved Sequence * Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-3 ...
Genus: Caulimovirus Species: Strawberry vein banding virus Name[edit]. Strawberry vein banding virus ...
Additional Keywords : Caulimovirus. Anti Therapeutic Actions : Genetically Modified Organisms. [+] Prevalence of Genetically ...
Strawberry vein banding caulimovirus: biology and characterization. PhD dissertation. University of California, Davis. pp. 124 ...
1998). Caulimovirus isolation and DNA extraction. Methods Mol Biol. 81: 53-63.. ...
Study Virology term 1 - positive strand viruses. flashcards from Isabel Leach
... conserved ORF V polyprotein coding region indicated that the Lamium virus is a possible new member of the genus Caulimovirus. ... conserved ORF V polyprotein coding region indicated that the Lamium virus is a possible new member of the genus Caulimovirus. ...
A novel caulimovirus associated with a complete fruit drop symptom in Bluecrop blueberry. Acta Horticulture Proceedings. 1180 ... A novel caulimovirus associated with a complete fruit drop symptom in Bluecrop blueberry - ...
Characterization and Detection of Blueberry Scorch Carlavirus and Red Ringspot Caulimovirus * Infection of Cold-Injured ...
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, ... "The leading sequence of caulimovirus large RNA can be folded into a large stem-loop structure". Nucleic Acids Res. 16 (17): ...
Again in this region, there is a new ,i,Caulimovirus,/i, in blueberry that has host sequences incorporated into its genome. ...
Horseradish Latent Virus, a New Member of the Caulimovirus Group. R. D. Richins, R. J. Shepherd. Pages 749-754. VIEW ABSTRACT ...
HYBRID CAULIMOVIRUS PROMOTERS AND CONSTRUCTS THEREOF. The present invention relates to novel hybrid promoters comprising a ... caulimovirus promoter operably linked to one or more of an EF1.alpha., Act8, Act2 or Act11... ...
Hybrid caulimovirus promoters and constructs thereof. The present invention relates to novel hybrid promoters comprising a ... caulimovirus promoter operably linked to one or more of an EF1.alpha., Act8, Act2 or Act11... ...
Strawberry veinbanding caulimovirus. Baktérie Baktériová spala sóje (osivo). Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea. ...
Strawberry vein banding Caulimovirus. *Sugarcane Fiji disease fijivirus. *Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus. *Sugarcane sereh disease ...
In Vitro Translation of the Full-Length RNA Transcript of Figwort Mosaic Virus (Caulimovirus) pp. 143-153(11) Authors: RANU, ...
Comparative expression analysis of five caulimovirus promoters in citrus. M. Dutt, L. Erpen, G. Ananthakrishnan, G. A. Barthe, ... A novel caulimovirus associated with a complete fruit drop symptom in Bluecrop blueberry ...
Activity of the 35S promoter from FMV approximates that of the 35S promoter from CMV in both protoplast transient expression assays and in stably transformed tobacco plants ...
Plant Viruses Online - Cauliflower mosaic caulimovirus, University of Idaho Disease: Club root. Pathogen: Plasmodiophora ...
Mapping of YXXΦ signals in the MP sequences of Caulimovirus species. A, Schematic representation of CaMV MP wild type and ... The presence of three Tyr-based sorting signals in genus Caulimovirus MPs is intriguing because, in most cargo proteins, only ... Sequence comparisons revealed almost perfect conservation of the three motifs among all species of the Caulimovirus genus (type ... Alignment of MPs from distinct species of the genus Caulimovirus. Shown are virus acronyms (listed below) and the number of ...
RefSeq databases and BLAST and HMM servers to facilitate sequence characterization of new LTR retroelement and caulimovirus ...
  • Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Ortervirales Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Caulimovirus Angeliac bushy stunt virus Atractylodes mild mottle virus Carnation etched ring virus Cauliflower mosaic virus Dahlia mosaic virus Figwort mosaic virus Horseradish latent virus Lamium leaf distortion virus Mirabilis mosaic virus Rudbeckia flower distortion virus Soybean Putnam virus Strawberry vein banding virus Thistle mottle virus Viruses in Caulimovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral geometries, and T=7, T=7 symmetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetroviruses that infect plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cauliflower mosaic caulimovirus (CaMV) has often been found in mixed infections with turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV) in plants of the genus Brassica. (csic.es)
  • Caulimovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analyses based on the conserved ORF V polyprotein coding region indicated that the Lamium virus is a possible new member of the genus Caulimovirus. (deepdyve.com)
  • to members of the genus Caulimovirus. (deepdyve.com)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genome structure and organization of a member of a novel and distinct species of the genus Caulimovirus associated with Dahlia mosaic. (uod.ac)
  • most species in the genera Tungrovirus and Badnavirus are primarily tropical or subtropical with some temperate and sub-Antarctic species whereas most of the species in the genera Petuvirus , Caulimovirus , Soymovirus and Cavemovirus are found in temperate regions. (ictvonline.org)
  • A short intergenic region is present between ORFs V ( Pol ) and VI (TAV) as observed in the genome of other Caulimovirus-like species such as LLDAV. (gydb.org)
  • Integrated caulimovirus from the peanut genome, consensus. (girinst.org)
  • The Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Dicamba monooxygenase (DMO) gene is under control of the peanut chlorotic streak caulimovirus (PC1SV) Full-length transcipt (FLt) promoter and the Triticum aestivum (wheat) heat shock protein 17 terminator. (cbd.int)
  • Horseradish Latent Virus, a New Member of the Caulimovirus Group. (apsnet.org)