Caulimoviridae: A family of DNA plant viruses with isometric or bacilliform virions and no envelope. The host ranges of most species are narrow. There are six genera: CAULIMOVIRUS; BADNAVIRUS; Cavemovirus; Soymovirus; Petuvirus; and TUNGROVIRUS.Cestrum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal saponins and cause CALCINOSIS in grazing livestock due to high levels of 1 ALPHA,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3.Badnavirus: A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.Musa: A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.Nyctaginaceae: A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida.Zingiberales: This plant order includes 8 families, 66 genera, and about 1,800 species. These herbaceous perennials are mainly found in the wet tropics. Members include the banana family (MUSACEAE) and GINGER family (ZINGIBERACEAE).Commelina: A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE of perennial herbs with blue flowers.Phenalenes: A group of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS that have three rings joined as a triad around a single carbon atom so all three are conjoined, in contrast to a linear arrangement (ANTHRACENES) or angular arrangement (PHENANTHRENES).Foot Rot: A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)Maize streak virus: The type species of genus Mastrevirus, family GEMINIVIRIDAE.IndiaPatents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Nucleic Acids: High molecular weight polymers containing a mixture of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides chained together by ribose or deoxyribose linkages.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.DNA Probes: Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Oligonucleotide Probes: Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksClassification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Red Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Vanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Plant Pathology: The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.Nobel PrizeBook SelectionHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Smallpox Vaccine: A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mumps virus: The type species of RUBULAVIRUS that causes an acute infectious disease in humans, affecting mainly children. Transmission occurs by droplet infection.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)GermanyBacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Coronavirus: A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.Camels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Coronavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Oligodeoxyribonucleotides: A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Endogenous Retroviruses: Retroviruses that have integrated into the germline (PROVIRUSES) that have lost infectious capability but retained the capability to transpose.Retroviridae: Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).Terminal Repeat Sequences: Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5' and 3' ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.Retroviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the RETROVIRIDAE.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Multiple Sclerosis: An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)Betaretrovirus: A genus of the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of viruses with either type B or type D morphology. This includes a few exogenous, vertically transmitted and endogenous viruses of mice (type B) and some primate and sheep viruses (type D). MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS, MOUSE is the type species.

Endogenous pararetroviral sequences in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and related species. (1/7)

BACKGROUND: Endogenous pararetroviral sequences (EPRVs) are a recently discovered class of repetitive sequences that is broadly distributed in the plant kingdom. The potential contribution of EPRVs to plant pathogenicity or, conversely, to virus resistance is just beginning to be explored. Some members of the family Solanaceae are particularly rich in EPRVs. In previous work, EPRVs have been characterized molecularly in various species of Nicotiana including N.tabacum (tobacco) and Solanum tuberosum (potato). Here we describe a family of EPRVs in cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and a wild relative (S.habrochaites). RESULTS: Molecular cloning and DNA sequence analysis revealed that tomato EPRVs (named LycEPRVs) are most closely related to those in tobacco. The sequence similarity of LycEPRVs in S.lycopersicum and S.habrochaites indicates they are potentially derived from the same pararetrovirus. DNA blot analysis revealed a similar genomic organization in the two species, but also some independent excision or insertion events after species separation, or flanking sequence divergence. LycEPRVs share with the tobacco elements a disrupted genomic structure and frequent association with retrotransposons. Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that copies of LycEPRV are dispersed on all chromosomes in predominantly heterochromatic regions. Methylation of LycEPRVs was detected in CHG and asymmetric CHH nucleotide groups. Although normally quiescent EPRVs can be reactivated and produce symptoms of infection in some Nicotiana interspecific hybrids, a similar pathogenicity of LycEPRVs could not be demonstrated in Solanum L. section Lycopersicon [Mill.] hybrids. Even in healthy plants, however, transcripts derived from multiple LycEPRV loci and short RNAs complementary to LycEPRVs were detected and were elevated upon infection with heterologous viruses encoding suppressors of PTGS. CONCLUSION: The analysis of LycEPRVs provides further evidence for the extensive invasion of pararetroviral sequences into the genomes of solanaceous plants. The detection of asymmetric CHH methylation and short RNAs, which are hallmarks of RNAi in plants, suggests that LycEPRVs are controlled by an RNA-mediated silencing mechanism.  (+info)

Network dynamics of eukaryotic LTR retroelements beyond phylogenetic trees. (2/7)

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Caulimoviridae tubule-guided transport is dictated by movement protein properties. (3/7)

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The Gypsy Database (GyDB) of mobile genetic elements: release 2.0. (4/7)

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Distinct cavemoviruses interact synergistically with sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in cultivated sweet potato. (5/7)

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Molecular characterization of Polish Blueberry red ringspot virus isolate. (6/7)

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How can plant DNA viruses evade siRNA-directed DNA methylation and silencing? (7/7)

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*Retrovirus

whilst families Belpaoviridae, Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae, Retroviridae, and Caulimoviridae constitute the order Ortervirales.[ ...

*Retrovirus

whilst families Belpaoviridae, Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae, Retroviridae, and Caulimoviridae constitute the order Ortervirales.[ ...

*DsDNA-RT virus

It includes the families Hepadnaviridae and Caulimoviridae. The term "pararetrovirus" is also used for this group. The term was ...

*Cacao swollen-shoot virus

... (CSSV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae that primarily infects cacao trees. ... The virus is a badnavirus within the family Caulimoviridae. Eradication of infected trees has been the most widely used means ...

*Virus-Taxonomie

Familie Caulimoviridae (Revers transkribierende DNA-Viren dsDNA-RT). *Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species ...

*Badnavirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 32 species ... Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus ...

*Soymovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently four species ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Soymovirus Blueberry red ringspot virus Cestrum yellow leaf ...

*Cavemovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently only two ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Cavemovirus Cassava vein mosaic virus Sweet potato collusive ...

*Solendovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently only two ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Solendovirus Sweet potato vein clearing virus Tobacco vein ...

*Tungrovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Monocots and family Poaceae serve as natural hosts. There is ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Tungrovirus Rice tungro bacilliform virus Viruses in ...

*Caulimovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently ten ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Caulimovirus Carnation etched ring virus Cauliflower mosaic ...

*Petuvirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There is currently only one ... Group: ssRNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Petuvirus Petunia vein clearing virus Petuviruses (including ...

*腸道病毒 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书

花椰菜病毒科 Caulimoviridae. *肝病毒科 Hepadnaviridae ...

*中東呼吸綜合症 - 维基百科,自由的百

花椰菜病毒科 Caulimoviridae. *肝病毒科 Hepadnaviridae ...

*Cauliflower mosaic virus

... (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, ... Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type species of the family Caulimoviridae. This family is grouped together with ...

*Petunia vein clearing virus

... (PVCV) is a virus of the family Caulimoviridae. This virus is known to infect plants, specifically ...

*Banana streak virus

... (BSV) is a pathogenic plant virus of the family Caulimoviridae. Banana streak was first identified in 1958 ... Although not necessary to complete the life cycle, members of Caulimoviridae (as well as Geminiviridae) have been shown to ...

*CccDNA

... is typical of Caulimoviridae and Hepadnaviridae, including the hepatitis B virus (HBV). cccDNA in HBV is formed by ...

*Rice tungro bacilliform virus

... (RTBV) is a plant pararetrovirus of the family Caulimoviridae. Tungro means 'degenerated growth' ...

*Kalanchoë top-spotting virus

Kalanchoë top-spotting badnavirus (KTSV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus ...

*Carnation etched ring virus

... (CERV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus ...

*Rubus yellow net virus

... (RYNV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: ...

*Soybean chlorotic mottle virus

... (SbCMV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. List of soybean diseases ...

*Cassava vein mosaic virus

... (CsVMV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus ...

*Virus

Reverse transcribing viruses These have ssRNA (Retroviridae, Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae) or dsDNA (Caulimoviridae, and ...

*Strawberry vein banding virus

... (SVBV) is a plant pathogenic virus and a member of the family Caulimoviridae. Strawberry vein ...
Caulimoviridae is a family of viruses. Plants and insects serve as natural hosts. There are currently 53 species in this family, divided among 8 genera. Viruses belonging to the Caulimoviridae family are termed DNA reverse-transcribing viruses (or pararetroviruses) i.e. viruses that contain a reverse transcription stage in their replication cycle. This family contains all plant viruses that consist of a double-stranded DNA genome that has a reverse transcribing phase in its lifecycle. Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus Banana streak IM virus Banana streak MY virus Banana streak OL virus Banana streak UA virus Banana streak UI virus Banana streak UL virus Banana streak UM virus Banana streak VN virus Bougainvillea chlorotic vein banding virus Cacao swollen shoot virus Canna yellow mottle virus Citrus yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN ...
Background: Endogenous pararetroviral sequences (EPRVs) are a recently discovered class of repetitive sequences that is broadly distributed in the plant kingdom. The potential contribution of EPRVs to plant pathogenicity or, conversely, to virus resistance is just beginning to be explored. Some members of the family Solanaceae are particularly rich in EPRVs. In previous work, EPRVs have been characterized molecularly in various species of Nicotiana including N.tabacum (tobacco) and Solanum tuberosum (potato). Here we describe a family of EPRVs in cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and a wild relative (S.habrochaites). Results: Molecular cloning and DNA sequence analysis revealed that tomato EPRVs (named LycEPRVs) are most closely related to those in tobacco. The sequence similarity of LycEPRVs in S.lycopersicum and S.habrochaites indicates they are potentially derived from the same pararetrovirus. DNA blot analysis revealed a similar genomic organization in the two species, but also ...
Three families of pararetrovirus-like sequences were isolated from the genome of potato using PCR of a characteristic fragment extending from the end of the transactivator domain. The potato pararetrovirus-like sequences are abundant in the nuclear genome of potato as demonstrated by their hybridisation to high-molecular weight DNA in Southern transfers and by fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Sequencing of cloned PCR products demonstrated that the potato pararetrovirus-like sequences were similar to other pararetroviral sequences and also to some expressed sequences from tobacco and tomato, notably from callus and Agrobacterium-infected tissue. It is possible that the potato pararetroviral sequences defend against viral genes via silencing mechanisms, although, as in Petunia or banana, their transcription and recombination may cause infection under stress conditions ...
Virus-infected plants accumulate abundant, 21-24 nucleotide viral siRNAs which are generated by the evolutionary conserved RNA interference (RNAi) machinery that regulates gene expression and defends against invasive nucleic acids. Here we show that, similar to RNA viruses, the entire genome sequences of DNA viruses are densely covered with siRNAs in both sense and antisense orientations. This implies pervasive transcription of both coding and non-coding viral DNA in the nucleus, which generates double-stranded RNA precursors of viral siRNAs. Consistent with our finding and hypothesis, we demonstrate that the complete genomes of DNA viruses from Caulimoviridae and Geminiviridae families can be reconstructed by deep sequencing and de novo assembly of viral siRNAs using bioinformatics tools. Furthermore, we prove that this siRNA omics approach can be used for reliable identification of the consensus master genome and its microvariants in viral quasispecies. Finally, we utilized this approach to
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetroviruses that infect plants. Pararetroviruses replicate through reverse transcription just like retroviruses, but the viral particles contain DNA instead of RNA. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type species of the family Caulimoviridae. This family is grouped together with Hepadnaviruses into the Pararetrovirus group due to its mode of replication via reverse transcription of a pre-genomic RNA intermediate. CaMV infects mostly plants of the Brassicaceae family (such as cauliflower and turnip) but some CaMV strains (D4 and W260) are also able to infect Solanaceae species of the genera Datura and Nicotiana. CaMV induces a variety of systemic symptoms such as mosaic, necrotic lesions on leaf surfaces, stunted growth, and deformation of the overall plant structure. The symptoms exhibited vary depending on the viral strain, host ecotype, and environmental ...
ID AJ968504; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 543 BP. XX AC AJ968504; XX DT 01-JUN-2005 (Rel. 84, Created) DT 07-JAN-2010 (Rel. 103, Last updated, Version 3) XX DE Banana streak Uganda K virus partial reverse transcriptase-RNaseH, clone DE 8-1 XX KW reverse transcriptase-RNaseH. XX OS Banana streak Uganda K virus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-543 RA Harper G.; RT ; RL Submitted (25-APR-2005) to the INSDC. RL Harper G., Dept of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, RL NR4 7UH, UNITED KINGDOM. XX RN [2] RX DOI; 10.1007/s00705-005-0610-1. RX PUBMED; 16096705. RA Harper G., Hart D., Moult S., Hull R., Geering A., Thomas J.; RT "The diversity of Banana streak virus isolates in Uganda"; RL Arch. Virol. 150(12):2407-2420(2005). XX DR MD5; 9995359020470b3a9c065a5258dc9534. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..543 FT /organism="Banana streak Uganda K virus" FT /mol_type="genomic DNA" FT /clone="8-1" FT ...
ID EU908859; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 543 BP. XX AC EU908859; XX DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Created) DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Banana streak Cavendish virus polyprotein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Banana streak CA virus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-543 RX DOI; 10.1007/s00239-009-9253-2. RX PUBMED; 19517051. RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.L.; RT "Phylogeny of Banana Streak Virus reveals recent and repetitive RT endogenization in the genome of its banana host (Musa sp.)"; RL J. Mol. Evol. 69(1):65-80(2009). XX RN [2] RP 1-543 RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.-L.; RT ; RL Submitted (17-JUL-2008) to the INSDC. RL UMR BGPI, CIRAD BIOS, TA A-54 /K Campus International de Baillarguet, RL Montpellier, Cedex 5 34398, France XX DR MD5; 1d87768b8c376d34780dc58fff25765c. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..543 FT /organism="Banana streak CA virus" FT /host="Musa acuminata cv. Grande Naine" FT ...
Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the ssDNA rolling circle model.[1] After infection of a host cell, the small DNA molecules that have become encapsidated with the genomic ssDNA act as primers. They bind to complementary regions and help in initiation of DNA synthesis by host polymerases. On completion of synthesis, there will be a double stranded intermediate that is transcribed unidirectionally. Most individual nanovirus particles only encode for a single protein. DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by nuclear pore export, and tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is transmitted via a vector (aphids).[1]. ...
Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) is a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes economic losses to cucurbits, particularly watermelon, across the Middle East and North Africa. Recently squash (Cucurbita moschata) grown in an experimental field in Oman was found to display symptoms such as leaf curling, yellowing and stunting, typical of a begomovirus infection. Sequence analysis of the virus isolated from squash showed 97.6-99.9% nucleotide sequence identity to previously described WmCSV isolates for the DNA A component and 93-98% identity for the DNA B component. Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation to Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in the development of symptoms fifteen days post inoculation. This is the first bipartite begomovirus identified in Oman. Overall the Oman isolate showed the highest levels of sequence identity to a WmCSV isolate originating from Iran, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This suggests that WmCSV present in Oman has been
Check out this delicious recipe for Apple-Glazed Ham with Sweet Potatoes from Weber-the worlds number one authority in grilling.
The producer, the person who owns the sweet potatoes immediately after harvest is liable to pay the sweet potatoes levy and charge.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes by retail sale you must lodge a return and make a payment to the department.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes through an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, the amount of levy or charge they pay to the department on your behalf can be recovered from you by offset or otherwise.. If you are an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. You can recover from the producer the amount of levy or charge paid to the department by offset or otherwise.. If you export sweet potatoes-that is you own the sweet potatoes at the time of export, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. ...
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Learn more about how sweet potatoes have an impressive nutritional profile and the benefits to adding sweet potatoes to your diet.
Sweet potatoes are most commonly known as a side dish at Thanksgiving dinner, but they can be incorporated into dozens of tasty dishes throughout the year (although November and December hold the root in its prime). Sweet potatoes are nutritious, high in antioxidants, vitamin A (giving it an orange color from ...
They are easily available. They are inexpensive. And they are delicious. Whether it is in casseroles or pies or even fries, sweet potatoes are a common addition to our diet.
Dinner got an upgrade with Zemas Panfried Sweet Potato Pancakes, delicious and nutritious, a perfect addition to an family night....

Caulimoviridae - WikipediaCaulimoviridae - Wikipedia

Caulimoviridae is a family of viruses. Plants and insects serve as natural hosts. There are currently 53 species in this family ... "Notes on family; Caulimoviridae". Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Association of Applied Biologist. Stavolone L, Ragozzino A, ... "Caulimoviridae". Viralzone. ICTV Spumavirus at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) " ... As replication requires the use of RNA intermediate, viruses from the Caulimoviridae family are not true dsDNA viruses - ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caulimoviridae

Caulimoviridae<...Caulimoviridae<...

Caulimoviridae. Family: Caulimoviridae. Chapter Version: ICTV Ninth Report; 2009 Taxonomy Release. Virion properties. ... The 5 leader sequence of the pregenomic RNA of nearly all members of the Caulimoviridae is long and folds into a large and ... Members of the family Caulimoviridae have the conserved gag-pol replication core of all viral retroelements, suggesting a ... The order of the movement protein and coat protein is also reversed to that of all other genera in the Caulimoviridae. ...
more infohttps://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv-reports/ictv_9th_report/reverse-transcribing-dna-and-rna-viruses-2011/w/rt_viruses/153/caulimoviridae

Patent US20030152942 - Nucleic acid detection in pooled samples - Google PatentsPatent US20030152942 - Nucleic acid detection in pooled samples - Google Patents

The present invention relates to detecting target nucleic acid sequences in pooled samples. In particular, the present invention relates to compositions and methods for detecting the presence or absence of target nucleic acid sequences (e.g. RNA virus sequences) in a pooled sample employing an INVADER detection assay. In certain embodiments, the present invention allows target nucleic acid sequence detection in pooled biological samples (e.g. pooled blood samples) without prior amplification of the target.
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US20030152942?dq=6101531

Retrovirus - WikipediaRetrovirus - Wikipedia

whilst families Belpaoviridae, Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae, Retroviridae, and Caulimoviridae constitute the order Ortervirales.[ ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SsRNA-RT_virus

Plant Virology, Book by Roger Hull (Other) | chapters.indigo.caPlant Virology, Book by Roger Hull (Other) | chapters.indigo.ca

A. Family Caulimoviridae. V. Single-Stranded DNA Viruses. A. Family Geminiviridae. B. Family Circoviridae. VI. Double-Stranded ... A. Family Caulimoviridae. B. Family Geminiviridae. C. Family Circoviridae. D. Family Reoviridae. E. Family Partitiviridae. F. ...
more infohttps://www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/plant-virology/9780080535999-item.html

Plant Virology by Roger Hull by Roger Hull - Read OnlinePlant Virology by Roger Hull by Roger Hull - Read Online

Family: Caulimoviridae Family: Metaviridae Family: Pseudoviridae Family: Endornaviridae Family: Partitiviridae Family: ...
more infohttps://www.scribd.com/book/282546320/Plant-Virology

Rice tungro bacilliform virus - WikispeciesRice tungro bacilliform virus - Wikispecies

Familia: Caulimoviridae Genus: Tungrovirus. Species: Rice tungro bacilliform virus Name[edit]. Rice tungro bacilliform virus ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Rice_tungro_bacilliform_virus

Strawberry vein banding virus - WikispeciesStrawberry vein banding virus - Wikispecies

Familia: Caulimoviridae Genus: Caulimovirus Species: Strawberry vein banding virus Name[edit]. Strawberry vein banding virus ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Strawberry_vein_banding_virus

Virus-Taxonomie - WikipediaVirus-Taxonomie - Wikipedia

Familie Caulimoviridae (Revers transkribierende DNA-Viren dsDNA-RT). *Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species ...
more infohttps://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus-Taxonomie

Diseases of BlueberryDiseases of Blueberry

Blueberry red ringspot virus (BRRSV)-genus Soymovirus; family Caulimoviridae. Scorch. Blueberry scorch virus (BlScV)-genus ... Virus-possibly a new genus; family Caulimoviridae. Leaf mottle. Blueberry leaf mottle virus (BLMV)-genus Nepovirus; family ...
more infohttp://www.apsnet.org/publications/commonnames/Pages/Blueberry.aspx

Diseases of BlueberryDiseases of Blueberry

Blueberry red ringspot virus (BRRSV)-genus Soymovirus; family Caulimoviridae. Scorch. Blueberry scorch virus (BlScV)-genus ... Virus-possibly a new genus; family Caulimoviridae. Leaf mottle. Blueberry leaf mottle virus (BLMV)-genus Nepovirus; family ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Blueberry.aspx

VaccinationVaccination

Caulimoviridae (Plant Pararetroviruses). Andrew DW Geering. Published online: September 2019. Jenner, Edward. Derrick Baxby. ...
more infohttp://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsThemeArticles/themeId-12.html

Stavolone L[au] - PubMed - NCBIStavolone L[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Caulimoviridae tubule-guided transport is dictated by movement protein properties.. Sánchez-Navarro J, Fajardo T, Zicca S, ... Characterization of Cestrum yellow leaf curling virus: a new member of the family Caulimoviridae. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Stavolone+L%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Difference between revisions of Caulimovirus - microbewikiDifference between revisions of "Caulimovirus" - microbewiki

Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Caulimovirus Species. Blueberry red ringspot virus, Carnation etched ring ... The cauliflower mosaic virus and related caulimoviridae viruses infect crucifers, groundnuts, soybeans, and cassava. The ...
more infohttps://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Caulimovirus&diff=3833&oldid=prev

Caulimovirus - microbewikiCaulimovirus - microbewiki

Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Caulimovirus Species. Blueberry red ringspot virus, Carnation etched ring ... talk , contribs) (linked page to Caulimoviridae page). (diff) ← Older revision , Latest revision (diff) , Newer revision → ( ... The cauliflower mosaic virus and related caulimoviridae viruses infect crucifers, groundnuts, soybeans, and cassava. The ...
more infohttps://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Caulimovirus&oldid=4681

Robert Martin : USDA ARSRobert Martin : USDA ARS

Blueberry fruit drop associated virus: A new member of the family Caulimoviridae isolated from blueberry exhibiting fruit drop ... Blueberry fruit drop associated virus: A new member of the family Caulimoviridae isolated from blueberry exhibiting fruit drop ... Blueberry fruit drop disease associated with a novel member of the Caulimoviridae. Abstract for: XI International Vaccinium ... Blueberry fruit drop disease associated with a novel member of the Caulimoviridae - ...
more infohttps://www.ars.usda.gov/people-locations/person?person-id=3602

Retroviridae - The Full WikiRetroviridae - The Full Wiki

Family Caulimoviridae - e.g. Cauliflower mosaic virus. Treatment. Main article: Antiretroviral drug ...
more infohttp://www.thefullwiki.org/Retroviridae

DsDNA-RT virus - WikipediaDsDNA-RT virus - Wikipedia

It includes the families Hepadnaviridae and Caulimoviridae. The term "pararetrovirus" is also used for this group. The term was ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DsDNA-RT_virus
  • Based on an analysis of the distribution of different viral genera of the family Caulimoviridae in the plant species studied, the scientists were able to propose an evolutionary scenario in which this virus family apparently emerged in an ancestor shared by flowering plants and gymnosperms during the Devonian period (- 320 million years). (inra.fr)
  • While the presence of such sequences was known in the genome of flowering plants, they also found some in most vascular plants, including the most primitive plants - ferns, conifers and lycopods -, a result that illustrates the capacity of Caulimoviridae to infect a wide, previously underestimated range of hosts. (inra.fr)
  • The scientists used the most advanced genomics and bioinformatics tools to analyse the genome of 72 plants representative of the different phylogenetic groups characterized to date - from green algae to flowering plants -, to look for all or part of the sequences that code for a viral protein of the family Caulimoviridae that is both specific and highly conserved, retrotranscriptase. (inra.fr)
  • Of the 62 flowering plant species studied, it appeared that the number of endogenous Caulimoviridae was correlated with the size of the genomes, with thousands of sequences at the heart of the giant genomes of gymnosperms, and notable exceptions: the maize ( Zea mays ) genome did not have any despite its size. (inra.fr)
  • Certain members of the family Caulimoviridae cause significant economic losses, notably in tropical regions, where they affect rice (ricetungro bacilliform virus or RTBV), cocoa (cocoa swollen shoot virus or CSSV), cassava, banana, and other major crops. (inra.fr)
  • The 5' leader sequence of the pregenomic RNA of nearly all members of the Caulimoviridae is long and folds into a large and stable hairpin structure. (ictvonline.org)