Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Neurons in the SPINAL CORD DORSAL HORN whose cell bodies and processes are confined entirely to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They receive collateral or direct terminations of dorsal root fibers. They send their axons either directly to ANTERIOR HORN CELLS or to the WHITE MATTER ascending and descending longitudinal fibers.
MOTOR NEURONS in the anterior (ventral) horn of the SPINAL CORD which project to SKELETAL MUSCLES.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.
Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.
Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.
A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.
Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.
A species of Trypanosome hemoflagellates that is carried by tsetse flies and causes severe anemia in cattle. These parasites are also found in horses, sheep, goats, and camels.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A class of nerve fibers as defined by their nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the unmyelinated nerve fibers are small in diameter and usually several are surrounded by a single MYELIN SHEATH. They conduct low-velocity impulses, and represent the majority of peripheral sensory and autonomic fibers, but are also found in the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD.
A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.
A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Sensory ganglia located on the dorsal spinal roots within the vertebral column. The spinal ganglion cells are pseudounipolar. The single primary branch bifurcates sending a peripheral process to carry sensory information from the periphery and a central branch which relays that information to the spinal cord or brain.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
Neurons which conduct NERVE IMPULSES to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
The consumption of edible substances.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
A class of cell surface receptors for TACHYKININS with a preference for SUBSTANCE P. Neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptors have been cloned and are members of the G protein coupled receptor superfamily. They are found on many cell types including central and peripheral neurons, smooth muscle cells, acinar cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and immune cells.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.
Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
A departure from the normal gait in animals.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of PAIN, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.
Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.
Surgical interruption of a spinal or cranial nerve root. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
Nucleus of the spinal tract of the trigeminal nerve. It is divided cytoarchitectonically into three parts: oralis, caudalis (TRIGEMINAL CAUDAL NUCLEUS), and interpolaris.
An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.
An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.
Sensing of noxious mechanical, thermal or chemical stimuli by NOCICEPTORS. It is the sensory component of visceral and tissue pain (NOCICEPTIVE PAIN).
A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.
The caudal portion of the nucleus of the spinal trigeminal tract (TRIGEMINAL NUCLEUS, SPINAL), a nucleus involved with pain and temperature sensation.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Occurrence or induction of release of more ova than are normally released at the same time in a given species. The term applies to both animals and humans.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
List of cattle breeds. References[edit]. *^ "Breeds of Livestock - Cattle". Retrieved 5 April 2010.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... "Cattle Breeds - Hereford". The Cattle Site. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.. ... "Dwarfism in Beef Cattle." Dwarfism in Beef Cattle. Proc. Of 41st Annual Livestock Feeders' Day, Kansas State University, ... Until the 18th century, the cattle of the Herefordshire area were similar to other cattle of southern England, being wholly red ...
Armidale, New South Wales: Australian Lowline Cattle Association. *^ a b Lowline cattle. The State of Victoria. Archived 3 ... a b c Standard for Australian Lowline Cattle. Australian Lowline Cattle Association. Accessed January 2017. ... a b c d Margo Hayes (2016). Small Cattle for Small Farms. Clayton, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9781486301874. ... Horn status. polled. *Cattle. *Bos (primigenius) taurus. The Australian Lowline is a modern Australian breed of small, polled ...
The horns are robust; in males they are of half-moon shape, in females lyre-shaped. They are slate-grey in young animals, and ... The Maremmana is a breed of cattle reared in the Maremma, a former marshland region in southern Tuscany and northern Lazio in ... These are the cattle breeds considered in Italy to be wholly or partly of Italian origin. Inclusion here does not necessarily ... For centuries large herds of Maremmana cattle were raised in the malarial marshlands of the Maremma, herded by the butteri, the ...
The Aberdeen Angus, sometimes simply Angus, is a Scottish breed of small beef cattle. It derives from cattle native to the ... Black Angus is the most common breed of beef cattle in the US, with 332,421 cattle registered in 2017.[3] In 2014, the British ... "The Cattle Site - Angus Breeds". The Cattle Site. Retrieved 25 June 2015.. ... It is a cross between the Angus and several different cattle such as the German Black Pied Cattle, Gelbvieh, and Fleckvieh. The ...
Cattle hauling dung 658. Hare wanted horns 659. Wolf and beetle 693. Unlucky Wolf, Fox and Mule (written on hoof) 694. Little ...
Cattle: No. 1. Short Horns. [8 Awards totaling $110(equivalent to $3,381 in 2019) ] No. 2 Devons [6 Awards totaling $63( ... He then purchased another farm in Scarsdale and on these farms bred sheep and cattle. In 1838, he took up his lifelong fight to ... Lewis Gouverneur Morris (August 19, 1808 - September 19, 1900) was an American maritime advocate and sheep and cattle breeder ...
They have forward curving horns. Cows are typically 135 cm tall at the withers and weigh about 600 kg. Bulls are typically 150 ... After 1960, there was some crossbreeding with Ayrshire cattle. They are reputed to be long-lived with strong legs and feet ... The Vorderwald (German: Vorderwälder Rind) is a cattle breed originating from the Black Forest (Germany). The so-called "Wald ... Cattle" (Wäldervieh) were mentioned for the first time in 1544. The Vorderwälder (literally "from the frontwoods") adopted its ...
420 All wagyū cattle derive from cross-breeding in the early twentieth century of native Japanese cattle with imported stock, ... without horns. Breed data sheet: Japanese Polled/Japan. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and ... "Improved Japanese Cattle". Four separate strains were characterised, based mainly on which type of foreign cattle had most ... Cattle were brought to Japan from China at the same time as the cultivation of rice, in about the second century AD, in the ...
About 18,390 cattle were registered in the US in 2015. Galloway cattle are naturally polled (without horns). The most visible ... The Belted Galloway is a traditional Scottish breed of beef cattle. It derives from the Galloway cattle of the Galloway region ... The dun colour is caused by a mutation in the PMEL gene, the same mutation that causes dun and silver dun in Highland cattle. ... An old strain is listed as the "Original Belted Galloway Cattle" in the Ark of Taste of the Slow Food Foundation for ...
The horns are unusually large, with a wide spread:110 and the largest circumference found in any cattle breed. Guinness World ... It derives from the Ankole group of Sanga cattle breeds of central Africa. It is characterized by very large horns. The Ankole- ... Ankole-Watusi Cattle. Ankole Watusi International Registry. Accessed June 2017. Largest horn circumference - bull. Guinness ... Watusi derives from central African cattle of the Ankole group of Sanga cattle breeds. Some of these were brought to Germany as ...
Each was the best specimen of its kind, cleansed, clad in sacrificial regalia and garlanded; the horns of oxen might be gilded ... The most potent offering was animal sacrifice, typically of domesticated animals such as cattle, sheep and pigs. ...
Long-horn Hungarian Grey Cattle- traditionally kept in the open all year. Racka - a breed of sheep with distinctive horns. ...
Not all cattle have horns. Bulls with no horns fight by head-butting the other's head, neck, side or belly, and will use their ... Cattle is a word for certain mammals that belong to the genus Bos. Cattle may be cows, bulls, oxen, or calves. Cattle are the ... The word cattle is used for some wild animals as well as for domesticated cattle. Wild cattle include the Water Buffalo from ... Big herds would have thousands of heads of cattle. (Cattle are counted by the "head".) Nowadays cattle are usually sent to the ...
What all bovins or wild cattle do have in common is both sexes have the presents of smooth horns, instead of annulated horns ... However many species of wild cattle are threatened by extinction due to habitat loss to make room for cattle farming as well as ... Lenstra, J. A.; Bradley, D. G. (1999). "Systematics and phylogeny of cattle". The Genetics of Cattle: 1-14. Wilson, W. E.; ... Hassanin, A. (2015). "Systematics and Phylogeny of Cattle". In Garrick, D.; Ruvinsky, A. (eds.). The Genetics of Cattle (Second ...
... cattle are a breed of Criollo cattle descended from Spanish animals brought to the Americas as early as 1493. They ... and have long upcurving horns. They are known as "easy keepers," as little human intervention is required in their calving, and ... which contains approximately half the fat of the meat from most modern beef cattle. Corrientes are fairly small cattle, with ... The official breed registry in the United States calls them Corriente cattle, which is the most common term in Northern Mexico ...
The Faroese Cattle are small, often black or piebald, and is used for milking. Both sexes of the species have horns. The Faroe ...
... cattle are robust, easy-calving and long-lived. Their horns are directed upward and are long and curved. ... These herds serve as gene banks, due to their reported resistance to cattle diseases which affect more highly bred cattle types ... Zootierliste (undated): "Hungarian grey cattle (Hungarian Steppe cattle)." FAO study (2007); The state of agricultural ... is an ancient breed of domestic beef cattle indigenous to Hungary. The breed belongs to the group of Podolic cattle and is well ...
A herd of Cadzow cattle live in the fields overlooked by the hunting lodge. This apparently unique breed have white coats and ... long horns. In December 2005, access to Chatelherault Country Park was improved with the opening of Chatelherault railway ...
... ending it would mean increased horn-related injuries to cattle and humans. Polled genetics, long a staple in beef cattle ... Horns are removed because they can pose a risk to humans, other animals and to the bearers of the horns themselves (horns are ... The hair around the horn is trimmed back and then the paste is spread all over the horn bud and around the base of the horn on ... This process is done when cattle are very young, no more than three or four weeks old-that way the horns are not very big. The ...
Males have horns that are thicker at the ends, longer, and more divergent than those of females. These features of the horns ... They can also eat coarse grasses, and can even manage to ingest some poisonous plants that can prove fatal for cattle. They are ... They also use their horns to thresh and throw loose earth on themselves. The horns of older males get worn out due to rubbing ... Prothero, Donald R.; Schoch, Robert M. (2002). "Hollow horns". Horns, tusks, and flippers : the evolution of hoofed mammals. ...
Like the other cattle breeds of the Valle d'Aosta, the Valdostana Castana and the Valdostana Pezzata Rossa, the Valdostana ... It is black-pied, with short horns. It is one of three regional breeds in the area, the others being the Valdostana Castana and ... Like them, it derives from inter-breeding of various local breeds and types of cattle. It appears to have been most influenced ... The hooves, muzzle and mucosa are slate-black, and the horns short and black-tipped. The hooves are particularly hard. It is ...
... s (meaning "many-horned") are animals with more than two horns. Cattle can have as many as six horns, and ... The horns are most typically removed in commercial dairy goat herds, to reduce the injuries to humans and other goats. 4 horns ... There have been incidents of polycerate goats (having as many as eight horns), although this is a genetic rarity thought to be ... Cerastes, a legendary Greek horned serpent, is sometimes described with two horns or with four small ones. Ryan, E. E. (2011). ...
The wide horns are directed forward, first down and then up. Arouquesas are adapted to the mountains - their hind legs are very ... In Portugal today they still work as draught cattle. In the past century oxen often were exported to Great Britain because of ... The Arouquesa is a cattle breed from Portugal. The Arouquesa breed was granted protected geographical status of DOC ( ... ISBN 978-1-84593-466-8. Felius, Marleen (1995). Cattle breeds: an encyclopedia. Misset. ISBN 978-90-5439-017-6. http://www. ...
The horns are white at the base, black at the tips.:44 The cattle are docile and easily managed. They are frugal, robust and ... The Bleue du Nord is a French breed of dual-purpose cattle from the former region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais in the north-east of ... the Durham was crossed with dairy cattle of Dutch Friesian type with the aim of combining the growth rate of the former with ...
On this day the cattle are decorated with paint, flowers and bells. They are allowed to roam free and fed sweet rice and sugar ... Some people decorate the horns with gold or other metallic covers. In some places, Jallikattu, or taming the wild bull contest ... Maattu Pongal The third day of festival is Maattu Pongal (மாட்டுப் பொங்கல்). It is for offering thanks to cattle, as they help ... The time thus signifies a period of socializing and families enjoying each other's company, taking care of the cattle, and ...
Traditionally, the handle was made of cattle horn; however, nowadays other materials are sometimes used. These materials ... In 1840, the first awl or trocar (a surgical instrument used to puncture body cavities and relieve the suffering of cattle and ... Seasonal migrations of shepherds and cattle herders between Catalan Spain and southern France in summer and winter introduced ...
The Red Angus is a breed of reddish-brown-coloured beef cattle. It derives from the population of Aberdeen Angus cattle and, ... Unlike other Bovidae, Red Angus lacks any horn. They have a reddish coat with macular built, which is often used for meat ... Marleen Felius (1995). Cattle Breeds: An Encyclopedia. Doetinchem, Netherlands: Misset. ISBN 9789054390176. Oldham, Cydni (26 ... Red Angus are registered separately from black Angus cattle in Australia, Canada, and the United States. ...
Excavations revealed remains of cattle, horn and bones. The bones were the remains of the cattle butchered for the offerings in ... The second residence of Panehesy near the temple of the Aten may be related to his function as the overseer of the cattle. The ... Superintendent of the Cattle of the Aten in Akhetaten' and the 'Superintendent of the Granary of the Aten'. Panehesy had two ... structure includes stone floors and brick mangers and may have served as a holding pen for the cattle. ...
The horns are short. Cows weigh about 650 kg, and stand about 138 cm at the withers. The Armoricaine is a dual-purpose breed, ... Armoricaine Cattle Breed. Slow Food Foundation. Accessed November 2016. Breed data sheet: Pie Rouge Des Plaines/France. ... It has a red coat with white markings, and has short horns. The Armoricaine was created in the nineteenth century by cross- ... The Armoricaine or Armorican is an endangered French breed of domestic cattle. It originated in Brittany in the nineteenth ...
94 Moving east to the Greater Indus Valley, decreases in the size of cattle, goat, and sheep also appear to have taken place ... Domestic Sheep as Groups Lock Horns Over Grazing Area". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-12-12. report on the decline of the ... Bakewell established the principles of selective breeding-especially line breeding-in his work with sheep, horses and cattle; ... ISBN 978-0-19-530446-6. "CHAPTER 10: Cattle Ranchers". Grand Teton Historic Resource Study. National Park Service. July 24, ...
In females, the horns are both shorter and narrower.[14] They become fully developed in females in the third year, while horns ... They are often accompanied by cattle egrets, which pick out and consume the insects hidden in their coats or disturbed by their ... Both sexes have strong horns that curve forward, resembling hooks, which are up to 78 cm (31 in) long. The horns have a broad ... the horn buds, appear on the head. These later develop into horns, which reach a length of 200-250 mm (8-10 in) by the fifth ...
Great Western Cattle Trail. *Lolo Pass. *Meek Cutoff. *Mormon Trail. *Oregon Trail ...
Prothero, Donald R.; Schoch, Robert M. (2002). "Hollow horns". Horns, tusks, and flippers : the evolution of hoofed mammals. ... Domestic cattle (Bos taurus) are usually smaller, although obese steers have been reported to weigh up to 2,140 kg (4,720 lb).[ ... It stood approximately 2 m (6.6 ft) tall at the shoulder, up to 5 m (16 ft) long (excluding horn), and weighed from 3,000 to ... Both sexes carry horns that are heavy at the base and widely spreading up to 2 m (79 in) The extinct giant bison (Bison ...
In 1876, General George Crook pursued the Sioux Indians from the Battle of Little Big Horn, on an expedition that ended in ... General George Crook (1828-1890), in 1876, pursued the Sioux Indians from the Battle of Little Big Horn, on an expedition that ... Great Western Cattle Trail. *Lolo Pass. *Meek Cutoff. *Mormon Trail. *Oregon Trail ...
Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the ... Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis. *Striated heron, Butorides striata. *Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax ...
The Shasu (from Egyptian š3sw, probably pronounced Shaswe[1]) were Semitic-speaking cattle nomads in the Levant from the late ... Horn, Siegfried H. (1953). "Jericho in a Topographical List of Ramesses II," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 12: 201-203. ... Siegfrie Horn, Siegfried - (1953). "Jericho in a Topographical List of Ramesses II,[1]" Journal of Near Eastern Studies 12: 201 ...
Horning, David P.; Joyce, Gerald F. (2016-08-15). "Amplification of RNA by an RNA polymerase ribozyme". Proceedings of the ... For instance, an arbitrarily chosen 50-nucleotide DNA fragment encoding for the Bos taurus (cattle) albumin mRNA was subjected ...
Long-horned humpless cattle bones have likewise been discovered at Asa Koma, suggesting that domesticated cattle were present ... Lewis, I.M. (1955). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. International African Institute. p. 140. Archived ... Djibouti is situated in the Horn of Africa on the Gulf of Aden and the Bab-el-Mandeb, at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. ... "Bridge of the Horns, Cities of Light: Will They Ever Actually Be Built?". The Basement Geographer. WordPress. 27 June 2011. ...
... are a breed of British beef cattle. They are the largest of the British native breeds, and are believed to ... It is believed South Devon cattle evolved from the large red cattle of Normandy which were imported to England at the time of ... Wherever they have been introduced South Devon cattle have been well accepted and exhibited strong performance for production ... and the South Devons become one of the fourteen breeds of cattle whose herd books date back to the second half of the ...
"Millions of people are on the brink of starvation in the Horn of Africa". Fao.org. Retrieved 1 February 2016.. ... has pushed up the price of grain used to feed poultry and dairy cows and other cattle, causing higher prices of wheat (up 58 ... "Top 10 culprits' for Horn of Africa hunger". BBC News. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2016.. ... A primary cause of the famine (one of the largest seen in the country) is that Ethiopia (and the surrounding Horn) was still ...
A tomb was built for Zheng He at the southern slope of Cattle Head Hill, Nanjing.[50] The original tomb was a horseshoe-shaped ... Zheng He's fleets visited Brunei, Java, Thailand and Southeast Asia, India, the Horn of Africa, and Arabia, dispensing and ...
J. Shepherd, D. Horn, and D. Laing, Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World (London: Continuum, 2003), ISBN 0-8264 ... Cattle grazing on the salt marshes of the Ribble Estuary near Banks. ...
The collecting of sculpture, including that of earlier periods, goes back some 2,000 years in Greece, China and Mesoamerica, and many collections were available on semi-public display long before the modern museum was invented. From the 20th century the relatively restricted range of subjects found in large sculpture expanded greatly, with abstract subjects and the use or representation of any type of subject now common. Today much sculpture is made for intermittent display in galleries and museums, and the ability to transport and store the increasingly large works is a factor in their construction. Small decorative figurines, most often in ceramics, are as popular today (though strangely neglected by modern and Contemporary art) as they were in the Rococo, or in ancient Greece when Tanagra figurines were a major industry, or in East Asian and Pre-Columbian art. Small sculpted fittings for furniture and other objects go well back into antiquity, as in the Nimrud ivories, Begram ivories and ...
The animal is of stocky build with backward-arching horns in both sexes. Males are much more robust than females. Its coat ...
The Herero people take pride in their cattle, hence the culture of Herero requires women to wear hats shaped of cow horns[26] ... The Hereros are traditionally cattle-herding pastoralists who rate status on the number of cattle owned. Cattle raids occurred ... They also believe that the more cattle one has, the richer one is, so cattle are a symbol of wealth in this culture. In ... Cattle are most valued domestic animals in the Herero culture, therefore cattle herding is the most significant and substantial ...
The structure of the uterine system in female bats can vary by species, with some having two uterine horns while others have a ... The common vampire bat typically feeds on large mammals such as cattle; the hairy-legged and white-winged vampires feed on ... Arnett, E. B.; Erickson, W. P.; Kerns, J.; Horn, J. (12 June 2005). "Relationships between Bats and Wind Turbines in ...
Cattle have two uteri.[20]. *The uterus of the horse is made of two short uterine horns. The uterus of the horse is affected by ... The uterus in a female dog has two uterine horns.. *The female cat has two uteri that join one cervix. Marsupials have two ... "Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology of Cattle" (PDF). Select Sires. Retrieved 25 August 2018.. ...
Five Rivers Cattle Feeding operates a feedlot outside Wellton.[7] US Border Patrol has a station outside outside of Wellton.[8] ... Five Rivers Cattle Feeding - Locations *^ https://www.cbp.gov/border-security/along-us-borders/border-patrol-sectors/yuma- ...
It has a complicated life history involving three hosts: the eggs hatch in fresh water where they infect a ram's horn snail in ... In 1758 Linnaeus was convinced that the ancient authors were describing a cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis), which he thus described ...
Egyptian grave paintings show cattle with a reddish-brown coat colour in both sexes, with a light saddle, but the horn shape of ... such as Sayaguesa cattle, Maremmana primitivo, Pajuna cattle, Limia cattle, Maronesa cattle, Tudanca cattle, and others, which ... Horns[edit]. Because of the massive horns, the frontal bones of aurochs were elongated and broad. The horns of the aurochs were ... Aurochs horns were commonly used as drinking horns by the nobility, which led to the fact that many aurochs horn sheaths are ...
Clarke, J. (1866), The naturalist: A treatise on the growth of the horns of the red deer, Barnstaple, A.P. Wood ... It is a ruminant, eating its food in two stages and having an even number of toes on each hoof, like camels, goats and cattle. ... Deer antlers were and still are the source material for horn furniture. Already in the 15th century trophies of case were used ... With the increasing popularity of the World Expositions mainly producers of horn furniture in Germany, Austria and the United ...
Male cattle castrated before maturity.[69]. stag. Male cattle or pig castrated after maturity.[69]. wether. Male castrated goat ... The uterine horns are identified and the ovaries are found by following the horns to their ends. ...
By the end of 1975, smallpox persisted only in the Horn of Africa. Conditions were very difficult in Ethiopia and Somalia, ... showing using his cowpox-derived smallpox vaccine causing cattle to emerge from patients. ...
... cattle, dairy, textiles, leather products, surgical instruments, defence equipment (guns, ammunition, tanks, submarines, ... Horn of Africa *Afar Triangle. *Al-Habash. *Barbara. *Danakil Alps. *Danakil Desert ...
In mammals, herbivores such as cattle depend on their rumen microbiome to convert cellulose into proteins, short chain fatty ... Van Horn, D. J.; Weber, C. F. (2009). "Introducing mothur: Open-Source, Platform-Independent, Community-Supported Software for ... Comparative metagenomic studies yielded the surprising result that individual cattle possess markedly different community ...
Cattle ranches still require riders on horseback to round up cattle that are scattered across remote, rugged terrain.[189] ... MacGregor, Arthur (1985). Bone, Antler, Ivory and Horn: Technology of Skeletal Materials Since the Roman Period. Totowa, NJ: ... The exterior hoof wall and horn of the sole is made of keratin, the same material as a human fingernail.[62] The end result is ...
These did not survive and the primary range of the chital is now confined to a few cattle stations in North Queensland near ... The opponents then interlock their horns and push against each other, with the smaller male producing a sound at times which is ...
He fought in several battles during the Great Sioux War of 1876, including the Battle of Little Big Horn. Also a holy man, he ... BBR 1...within the National Park, is grassland grazed by both horses and cattle.. ... and cattle ranching and farming.[94] The Oglala Sioux Tribe also operates the White River Visitor Center near the Badlands ...
Other coastal deserts influenced by cold currents are found in Western Australia, the Arabian Peninsula and Horn of Africa, and ... cattle, camels, yaks, llamas or reindeer. They travelled over large areas with their herds, moving to new pastures as seasonal ...
The horns of the cattle monument (Amahembe gente) is a monument in Mbarara Town, Western Uganda. The monument depicts the ...
Horns, cattle About this object Cattle horns; three cattle horns - two are recorded as being from a Jersey bull, and the third ... organic, animal, horn Measurements CT83.1573.8 - h 54mm x l 210mm x w 125mm (each) CT83.1573.9 - h 62mm x l 205mm x w 105mm ... agriculture, animal culture, cattle Credit Line From the collection of Owaka Museum Wahi Kahuika The Meeting Place a rest on ...
"The head is small and finely formed, the eye bright and clear, the horn light in substance and waxy in color; the chest dep, ...
Catherines Down, this cattle grid is inaccessible because the gate in front of it is padlocked. This is mainly sheep grazing ... Redundant cattle grid. On St. Catherines Down, this cattle grid is inaccessible because the gate in front of it is padlocked. ... SZ4977 : Redundant cattle grid. taken 10 years ago, near to Blackgang, Isle of Wight, Great Britain. ... Cattle grid (more nearby) Subject Location. OSGB36: SZ 494 776 [100m precision]. WGS84: 50:35.8003N 1:18.2041W ...
Look at pictures of Australian Cattle Dog puppies in Horn Lake who need a home. ... Why buy an Australian Cattle Dog puppy for sale if you can adopt and save a life? ...
Fly control for cattle is easier and more convenient when addressed with feed. Learn how and when you should use feed through ... One way to effectively combat horn flies is to use a feed-through fly control, that can be found in select cattle minerals. ... Insect growth regulator (IGR) passes through the cow and into the manure where horn flies lay their eggs. IGR breaks the horn ... Aside from fly control, keep these cattle mineral supplement considerations in mind to help your cattle achieve greatness.. Try ...
If you are interested in any animal you see on this website, offers are always welcome!. Thanks for looking, and check back soon!. For more information about any of our animals, contact us at [email protected] ...
All my pics are available for prints and can be shipped all over the world. If you wish to get an exclusive signed print of one of them, please send me a mail at [email protected] or visit my website
34 Pages in Charles Darwins Library associated with "fauna - cattle, short-horn" ... Cattle: Their breeds, management, and diseases.. By: Youatt, William,. Publication info: London :Baldwin & Cradock,1834.. Pages ...
Clips on horned cattle will wear thin as they slide back and forth against the lower side of the horn. Clips can be crushed ... Not only that, most cattle only live to be a few years old, and tattoos often last only a few years. Cattle that dont have ... All cattle spar with each other so these clips can get crushed in numerous ways. When a clip is crushed it abscesses, becomes ... Always have the vet clip the bottom center part of the ear on horned cattle, never the traditional top side. The ear will grow ...
Cattle given glow-in-the dark horns in bid to prevent accidents ... "A lot of accidents were taking place at night involving cattle ... Balaghat police in Madhya Pradesh have stuck the stickers, that glow in the dark, on about 100 cattle-heads over the last five ... have started pasting radium stickers on the horns of cows hoping that the glow will help drivers avoid hitting stray cattle and ...
Tovareća muzika is performed by young men dressed as fishermen wearing blowing cattle horns to a loud drumbeat. Cattle horns ... Think Swords, Cattle Horns, Horsemen…Think Dalmatian Folklore. September 30, 2013. April 14, 2016. Mila Croatia Travel adriatic ... Have you had the chance to see a sword dance in Korčula, meet a charming alkar in Sinj, blow in a cattle horn or listen to ...
His involvement in rodeos gave him the idea of raising Corriente cattle-the cattle used for team ... Wyoming Stories: Curt Artery On Working With Cattle And Their Horns By Georgia Wier • Mar 21, 2014 ... "Theres gotta be a use for it:" Curt Artery talks about working with Coriente cattle--and their horns. ... His involvement in rodeos gave him the idea of raising Corriente cattle-the cattle used for team roping. Curt learned to make ...
... who use cattle horn as the main raw material.. According to Isabel, cattle horn is greatly used in Mato Grosso do Sul for ... The state of Mato Grosso do Sul has the largest cattle herd in Brazil and cattle horn is treated as a by-product by ... This Brazilians Cattle Horns Jewels Became a Hit in the US and Europe. * ... Isabel Muxfeldts idea of making cattle horns into female jewels worked out. Muxfeldt is a Brazilian businesswoman and designer ...
This is the worlds largest cattle competition for horn data measuring.. The TLBAA Horn Showcase is a horn measuring event with ... The Texas Longhorn Breeders Assn of Fort Worth, TX hosts the annual Horn Showcase event. The largest horned cattle all over ... Famous cattle who captured awards owned by Dickinson Cattle Co of Barnesville, Ohio are Jam Packed, Clear Point, Rodeo Max and ... Barnesville, OH -- Dickinson Cattle Company (DCC) of Barnesville, Ohio won 8 Championship Bronze during the annual Horn ...
Problems with horn flies on cattle in the US have been estimated to cost production losses of $730 million a year. ... Problems with horn flies on cattle in the US have been estimated to cost production losses of $730 million a year. ... and horn flies were counted on each animal by use of binoculars.. For these 15 head, the average horn fly count by treatment ... The test used two herds of cattle on farms more than three miles apart from each other in South Florida.. Treatment Groups ...
Learn about the veterinary topic of Disorders of the Horn Capsule and Corium in Cattle. Find specific details on this topic and ... Disorders of the Horn Capsule and Corium in Cattle By Paul R. Greenough , FRCVS, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, ...
Odysseus "Winnowing-Shovel" (Horn. Od. 11. 119-37) and the Island of the Cattle of the Sun. Welcome to the IDEALS Repository. ... Odysseus "Winnowing-Shovel" (Horn. Od. 11. 119-37) and the Island of the Cattle of the Sun. Illinois Classical Studies 22: 7-9 ... Odysseus "Winnowing-Shovel" (Horn. Od. 11. 119-37) and the Island of the Cattle of the Sun. Olson, S. Douglas ... Odysseus "Winnowing-Shovel" (Horn. Od. 11. 119-37) and the Island of the Cattle of the Sun. ...
YOUNG CATTLE RAISERS. The CATTLEMAN MAGAZINE. CATTLEMAN NOW APP. THE CATTLEMAN BUYERS GUIDE. CATTLE RAISERS INSURANCE. CATTLE ... August BQA Tip: Aids to Control Horn Flies. Many methods are available to aid in the control of horn flies. If using back ... 2019 Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association; All Rights Reserved.. COPYRIGHT , PRIVACY POLICY , TERMS OF USE , ...
Rhinoceros Horn and Cattle Gallstone Pill; Rhinoceros-Calculus Bovis Pill. Symptoms related to Xi Huang Wan. Abscess; ...
A couple of years ago the Mayor of Ripon put a request out for a suitable cattle horn to make a new horn that could be used to ... Copyright 2012 The Longhorn Cattle Society 3, Eastgate, Stoneleigh Park, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, CV8 2LG Telephone: 0345 017 ... Longhorn bulls horn becomes a part of a long Yorkshire tradition! 19 April 2019 ... he had to be put down and his horn was then used to make a new instrument to ensure the four current hornblowers had a horn ...
The horn shavings were found to consist of 86.62% dry matter, 99.16% organic matter, 39.97% organic carbon, 15.54% N (99.52% of ... An investigation of the chemical composition of cattle horn shavings produced in Lithuania was conducted. ... An investigation of the chemical composition of cattle horn shavings produced in Lithuania was conducted. The horn shavings ... Mineral nitrogen compounds are gradually released from the cattle horn shavings incorporated into soil, thus supplying the ...
The age of cattle is determined chiefly by examination of the teeth, and less perfectly by the horn rings or the length of the ... Horn method[edit]. The rings on the horns are less useful as guides. At ten or twelve months the first ring appears; at twenty ... Cattle have six premolars and six molars on both top and bottom jaws for a total of twenty-four molars. The teeth of cattle are ... Cattle are placed in a cattle crush in order to restrain them prior inspecting the mouth and amount of teeth that each animal ...
... horn and bone buttons online Wholesalers - choose horn and bone buttons from 445 list of China horn and bone buttons ... Cattle Bone Button Blanks (Cow and Buffalo) BBB# A1 1) Material: Cattle Leg Bone 2) Size: Photos are just for your reference. ... horn and bone buttons , buffalo horn and bone , horn and bone beads , animal horn and bones , horn and pearl button , chinese ... Red Horn Beads Bone / Horn Beads[SJEW018BN] The best quality Horn Beads Red Horn Bone Beads 4-5mm In Beads Strands Or Necklaces ...
Although not all cattle have horns, most Holsteins do. According to the Holstein Association USA, all 30 of the top-rated ... to lack horns. Following natures no-horns recipe, he used a gene-editing method called TALENs in his lab to introduce it into ... On the Horns of the GMO Dilemma Can genome-editing technology revive the idea of genetically modified livestock?. *by Antonio ... Patented Cattle. In January, Fahrenkrug filed a patent application laying claim to any animal whose genes are edited to remove ...
The shapes and lengths of cows horns vary by breed.... ... Both cows and bulls of many cattle breeds have horns, including ... What is a cattle cube feeder?. A: A cattle cube feeder is a motorized piece of farming equipment that releases cubes of feed ... Whats a good way to get pictures of cattle?. A: A photographer can get good pictures of cattle by using a digital camera with ... Both cows and bulls of many cattle breeds have horns, including Ayrshires, Jerseys and Herefords. The shapes and lengths of ...
The idea for East African Trading came from a chance encounter with an exquisite Ankole Cattle Horn Bowl produced in Uganda. ... Their long-elegant horns are a great tribal status symbol. The size and shape of the horns are of tremendous importance. These ... The horns are then hand-crafted into elegant jewellery and homeware items in a small Ugandan run workshop that currently ... Ankole (pronounced an-KO-leh) Cattle are indigenous to the East African Rift Valley where for hundreds of years they have been ...
Learn about ProMectin B Pour-On For Cattle for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and ... Treatment For Cattle For Horn Flies. ProMectin® B Pour-On controls horn flies (Haematobia irritans) for up to 28 days after ... When To Treat Cattle With Grubs. ProMectin® B (ivermectin) Pour-On effectively controls all stages of cattle grubs. However, ... ProMectin B Pour-On For Cattle. This page contains information on ProMectin B Pour-On For Cattle for veterinary use.. The ...
Wet/Dry Salted Cattle Donkey Hides we are the best supplier of animal skin all over the globe kindly revert to us with your ... REF:46T_SCW085A WET SALTED CATTLE HIDES FROM RSA Conventional, brine cured Average weight: 34 to 36 kgs 1 x 40 ft. container = ... WET AND SALTED ANIMAL HIDE, DONKEY HIDE, CATTLE HIDE, SHEEP HIDE, BUFFALLO HIDE. ... Raw Wet Salted Cattle Hides , Cow Skins , Buffalo & Cow Horns. FOB Price: Get Latest Price. ...
Pewter Knob is handcrafted from satin lead-free pewter and cattle bone. Projection 25mm / width 30mm ... From the modern collection, the Horn & Pewter Knob is handcrafted from satin lead-free pewter and cattle bone. ...
  • Dehorning, or disbudding, is the practice of removing the horns of young calves. (reference.com)
  • According to Texas Natural Wildlife, coyotes are a severe threat to cattle and tend to attack both adult cows and calves when their forage supplies are low. (reference.com)
  • About half of Australia's 21 million beef cows and calves are born with horns. (eurekalert.org)
  • Every year from June through to September they move their herd of cattle (up to 648 cows & calves) from one pasture to the next. (globetrotting.com.au)
  • Cattle producers offered 173,500 head of calves, feeders and breeding stock from 32 states. (superiorlivestock.com)
  • Purebred calves are usually too small to go to market when they are born, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is common for veal production. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Charolais cattle produce heavy calves. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Pictured: Farm owner Nigel Darling (left) and stock manager Paul Monaghan in a field of pedigree Shetland cattle with Simmental-cross calves. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Pictured: Pedigree Shetland cattle with Simmental-cross calves. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Pesky horn flies can become prolific in spring. (purinamills.com)
  • One way to effectively combat horn flies is to use a feed-through fly control, that can be found in select cattle minerals . (purinamills.com)
  • Insect growth regulator (IGR) passes through the cow and into the manure where horn flies lay their eggs. (purinamills.com)
  • IGR breaks the horn fly life cycle in the manure by preventing pupae from developing into biting adult flies. (purinamills.com)
  • This rule of thumb ensures cows have access to fly control mineral before horn flies appear in early spring and provides coverage through summer and fall. (purinamills.com)
  • Feeding fly control mineral for 30 days after the first frost in fall is critical to help prevent horn flies from overwintering in the pupal stage, which can jump-start adult populations in the spring. (purinamills.com)
  • Waiting until flies are present can impact cattle performance and productivity. (purinamills.com)
  • Problems with horn flies on cattle in the US have been estimated to cost production losses of $730 million a year. (thecattlesite.com)
  • According to Dr Norman Stewart, Manager of Livestock and Technical Services at Schering-Plough Animal Health, several hundred horn flies can be found on a single animal and they can pierce the skin and suck blood as often as 40 times a day. (thecattlesite.com)
  • For each herd (yearling heifers and two-year-old heifers), 15 animals were randomly selected from each treatment group, and horn flies were counted on each animal by use of binoculars. (thecattlesite.com)
  • In the study on the two year old heifers, the herd of 420 cattle had 542 flies per head before treatments were applied. (thecattlesite.com)
  • Many methods are available to aid in the control of horn flies. (tscra.org)
  • ProMectin ® B Pour-On controls horn flies (Haematobia irritans) for up to 28 days after dosing. (drugs.com)
  • Biting flies on cattle at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna, Florida. (dairyherd.com)
  • This time of year also brings on one of the most common nuisance for cattle, biting flies. (dairyherd.com)
  • Pest flies are attracted to cattle as a food source, primarily in the form of blood. (dairyherd.com)
  • Horn flies will usually remain on the cow only relocating when disturbed or to lay eggs on fresh manure. (dairyherd.com)
  • Once this threshold is reached, biting flies will have negative impacts on cattle performance, so some sort of fly control program is important. (dairyherd.com)
  • Horn flies, for example, lay their eggs in fresh manure, and the larvae hatch within one week. (dairyherd.com)
  • Horn flies can be controlled using a variety of methods including insecticide sprays, back rubbing devices, dust bags, insecticide-impregnated ear tags, and feed-through insecticides. (dairyherd.com)
  • Large populations of horn flies on pastured cattle impose significant economic impacts. (dairyherd.com)
  • There are many different kinds, fairly inexpensive, and seemingly effective at killing parasites in the digestive tract of cattle and certain types also control flies, ticks and lice. (dairyherd.com)
  • Horn flies, face flies, and stable flies are not just irritants to livestock, but are economically important to producers due to negative impacts on milk production and calf weaning weights. (drovers.com)
  • Adult horn flies cluster at the base of horns and on the neck and rump of cattle and suck blood. (britannica.com)
  • When used as recommended, Co-Ral Livestock Dust controls horn flies and lice on beef and dairy cattle and lice on swine. (drugs.com)
  • It might be hard to imagine what this feels like, however during peak timeframes, as many as 4,000 horn flies. (purinamills.com)
  • DNA Associated to establish the potential role of biting flies as vectors of Bartonella in cattle. (cdc.gov)
  • Of the 370 biting flies collected, 104 (62%) of the and Bruno B. Chomel* horn flies ( Haematobia spp. (cdc.gov)
  • The stable flies were collected lected on cattle in California. (cdc.gov)
  • B. bovis DNA in the horn fly pool and B. henselae type M flies, and horse flies were collected from the beef barn. (cdc.gov)
  • Because of size differences among the with numerous emerging infections in humans and flies, 2-3 horn flies were grouped together in a single animals (1). (cdc.gov)
  • PCR/RFLP for an efficient Bartonella vector, which could explain analysis confirmed Bartonella DNA in one of the four sta- such high prevalence of infection in wild and domestic ble flies and in the horn fly pool. (cdc.gov)
  • The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the efficiency of partial treatment of animals infested with horn flies . (bvsalud.org)
  • Partial treatment of cattle infested with horn flies using 40% diazinon insecticide is an efficient alternative for controlling this ectoparasite. (bvsalud.org)
  • Horn flies are about 3/16" in length and are normally found on the backs, sides, and poll areas of cattle. (agweb.com)
  • During the warm part of the day horn flies can be seen on the belly of cattle. (agweb.com)
  • The horn fly feeds on blood with both male and female flies acquiring some 20 to 30 blood meals per day. (agweb.com)
  • Newly emerged horn flies can travel several miles searching for a host. (agweb.com)
  • Economic losses associated with horn flies are estimated at more than $800 million annually in the United States. (agweb.com)
  • Furthermore, horn flies have been implicated in the spread of mastitis. (agweb.com)
  • Many studies have been conducted in the U.S. and Canada to assess the economic effects of horn flies on cow and calf weaning weights. (agweb.com)
  • Nebraska studies have demonstrated calf weaning weights were 10 - 20 pounds higher when horn flies were controlled on mother cows. (agweb.com)
  • The economic injury level (EIL) for horn flies is 200 flies per animal. (agweb.com)
  • Eprinex (eprinomectin) Pour-On is indicated for the treatment and control of gastrointestinal roundworms (including inhibited Ostertagia ostertagi), lungworms, grubs, sucking and biting lice, chorioptic and sarcoptic mange mites, and horn flies in beef and dairy cattle of all ages, including lactating dairy cattle. (tractorsupply.com)
  • These little clips are stabbed through the upper center part of the ear on cattle, and other types of livestock. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • Dickinson Cattle Company is a family owned ranching business that markets registered cattle, hosts ranch tours for guests and competes in national livestock contests. DCC has a fully stocked ranch store providing 75 different horn products and all natural Texas Longhorn healthy beef. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • Superior Livestock Auction was on the road again this time landing in Sheridan, Wyoming hosting their "Big Horn Classic" from the Holiday Inn August 23-26, 2016. (superiorlivestock.com)
  • Big Horn Classic" was broadcast live on DISH channel 232 and was streamed on Superior Livestock Auction's Click To Bid website. (superiorlivestock.com)
  • Superior is the largest livestock auction in the United State and markets well over one million head of cattle annually. (superiorlivestock.com)
  • Class = age/sex group for a particular kind of livestock, in this case cattle. (wikihow.com)
  • A potential ban could increase competition for US beef exports if Mexico and Canada keep more cattle at home and process them, said Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist at Oklahoma State University . (thebeefsite.com)
  • Co-Ral Livestock Dust may be used to fill cattle dust bags or it may be applied directly to cattle, swine or swine bedding by use of a shaker can. (drugs.com)
  • There are three fly species in Nebraska and much of the United States which could economically impact pastured livestock: the horn fly, face fly and stable fly. (agweb.com)
  • A Norfolk livestock enthusiast believes the best way to preserve rare breed cattle is to find a viable market for them - and his commercial crosses have raised eyebrows in the rare breeds community. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Last week, we reviewed the most common breeds of dairy cattle. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Of the herds investigated in California, 95% of beef itive control, a low concentration of B. henselae was added cattle and 17% of dairy cattle were bacteremic for B. bovis to a separate set of the same DNA template. (cdc.gov)
  • Dairy cattle grazing (eating grass) in a field. (wikipedia.org)
  • These animals are kept as dairy cattle in herds of approximately 30 females with one bull. (okstate.edu)
  • The state of Mato Grosso do Sul has the largest cattle herd in Brazil and cattle horn is treated as a by-product by slaughterhouses, normally not being industrially reused. (brazzil.com)
  • All cattle in a herd, based on their respective treatment group, received a single treatment applied on Study Day 0. (thecattlesite.com)
  • A couple of years ago the Mayor of Ripon put a request out for a suitable cattle horn to make a new horn that could be used to continue the tradition, and the call was answered by Longhorn member Ruth Russell of the Settrington herd. (longhorncattlesociety.com)
  • I would love to show you my herd and tell you more about the Butler Family of Texas Longhorn cattle. (tlbaa.org)
  • Because very few bulls are needed to breed with many cows and heifers and to form a complete breeding herd, most male cattle are used for meat. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. One of the hard, usually permanent structures projecting from the head of certain mammals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, or antelopes, consisting of a bony core covered with a sheath of keratinous material. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 1. (Zoology) either of a pair of permanent outgrowths on the heads of cattle, antelopes, sheep, etc, consisting of a central bony core covered with layers of keratin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • From this tree, the team concludes that the founding father of all Mycoplasma mycoides lived 10,000 years ago - around the same time pastoralists domesticated cattle, goats and sheep in the Near East. (scientificamerican.com)
  • on Sept. 5-6, for the 2018 United States Cattlemen's Association Annual Meeting and Cattle Producer's Forum. (thefencepost.com)
  • Photoalbum: Cow with gender specific horns, Scottish Highland Cattle, Kyloe Author: Guenter FischerDate: 2009-04-14 Maximum available size: 18.2 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Highland Cattle are highly adapted to cold weather. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known for their sleek red coifs, Scottish Highland Cattle are treated almost like pets before being sent to market. (gct.com)
  • Introducing the cutest cows - Highland cattle. (boredpanda.com)
  • He started crossing pedigree Shetlands with a Simmental bull at Intwood Farm outside Norwich, after learning from a breeder doing the same thing with Highland cattle in Scotland, and the resulting heifers are crossed again with a Limousin bull. (edp24.co.uk)
  • The collection features bacteria from all times and places, including strains isolated from African cattle in 1931, Rocky Mountain goats and Mouflons from Qatar. (scientificamerican.com)
  • At his startup, Recombinetics , located in St. Paul, Minnesota, Fahrenkrug thinks he can create blue-ribbon dairy bulls possessing traits not normally found in those breeds but present in other cattle, such as lack of horns or resistance to particular diseases. (technologyreview.com)
  • Both cows and bulls of many cattle breeds have horns, including Ayrshires, Jerseys and Herefords. (reference.com)
  • Male, or boy, cattle are called bulls or steers. (reference.com)
  • Breed cattle either by releasing bulls into a pasture with cows or by artificial insemination. (reference.com)
  • Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle "moo" to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cattle are our lives," she says, pulling a calf off its mother's teats and roping it to a wooden peg. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In referring to domestic cattle a grown male is a bull, a grown female a cow, an infant a calf, and an animal between one and two years old a yearling. (infoplease.com)
  • The words "cow", "bull" and "calf" are also used to describe some other large animals that are not related to cattle, such as elephants , moose and whales . (wikipedia.org)
  • A field trial, conducted by veterinary products manufacturer Schering-Plough, set out to evaluate the efficiency of a new product, ULTRA SABER pour-on, by comparing it to three other insecticidal pour-on products against natural horn fly, Haematobia irritans , infestations on cattle in South Florida. (thecattlesite.com)
  • Horn fly, (Haematobia irritans), insect of the family Muscidae (order Diptera) and a serious cattle pest. (britannica.com)
  • We hypothesize that a microbial dysbiosis develops in the rumen microbiome of stocker cattle when grazing on high quality winter wheat pasture that predisposes them to frothy bloat risk. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cattle is a word for certain mammals that belong to the genus Bos . (wikipedia.org)
  • Except for certain lizards, horns are found only in mammals. (britannica.com)
  • There are many different breeds of cattle, each of which has its own advantages and its own distinguishing features. (wikihow.com)
  • Black and red Charolais may be more difficult to distinguish from other breeds of cattle because they lack one of the most distinctive features (the white color). (wikihow.com)
  • Over 70 breeds of cattle can be found in the United States today. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments . (wikipedia.org)
  • To make hornless dairy cows, Fahrenkrug says, he looked up the genetic sequence that naturally causes Angus cattle, a beef variety, to lack horns. (technologyreview.com)
  • Angus cattle are relatively docile and hardy. (farmanddairy.com)
  • The first Angus cattle were brought to the United States in 1873 when George Grant imported them from Scotland to Kansas. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Angus cattle are a staple of the American beef industry. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Horns are made of keratin - the same protein in our nails and hair. (mercurynews.com)
  • Pieces need to be protected from bright sunlight: Over time, exposure can cause the layers of keratin to separate and the horns to crack. (mercurynews.com)
  • The keratin fibre horn is unique to the rhinoceros . (britannica.com)
  • The test used two herds of cattle on farms more than three miles apart from each other in South Florida. (thecattlesite.com)
  • Cattle usually stay together in groups called herds . (wikipedia.org)
  • A complicating issue when using an oral larvicide is horn fly immigration from neighboring untreated herds which can mask the effectiveness of an oral larvicide. (agweb.com)
  • This simple principle has guided Norfolk farm owner Nigel Darling's search for a way to sustain his herds of rare breed animals - particularly his Shetland cattle. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Horn removal is a routine practice carried out by beef producers to reduce the incidence of cattle injuring other cattle and their handlers. (eurekalert.org)
  • For cattle producers this brings on much needed summer forages, hay production, and time to evaluate their cattle after a mild spring. (dairyherd.com)
  • US Senator Chuck Grassley from Iowa and a bipartisan group of colleagues introduced a bill in May that would force meatpackers like JBS USA , Tyson Foods and Cargill Inc to buy at least half the beef cattle they slaughter directly from producers on the open market and then kill those animals within two weeks. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Roberts said some cattle producers do not see how Grassley's bill will help. (thebeefsite.com)
  • For Roberts to not give cattle producers the chance to be heard is completely tone deaf. (thebeefsite.com)
  • CME August feeder cattle futures settled down 0.275 cents at 141.325 cents per pound. (thedairysite.com)
  • At the end of trading, August live cattle settled down 0.275 cent at 95.125 cents per pound. (thedairysite.com)
  • on the horns of a dilemma , confronted with two equally disagreeable choices. (dictionary.com)
  • This is the world's largest cattle competition for horn data measuring. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • There may be an opportunity for a different public acceptance dialogue and different regulations," says Jonathan Lightner, R&D chief of the U.K. company Genus , which is the world's largest breeder of pigs and cattle and has paid for some of Recombinetics' laboratory research. (technologyreview.com)
  • The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true horn, and are never shed. (everything2.com)
  • 2. the processes carried on the foreheads of most ruminants and rhinoceroses including skin-covered bony knobs in giraffes, velvet-covered branched deciduous bony antlers of deer, branched deciduous keratinized processes in pronghorns and the familiar hollow horns of bovids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly from the aurochs, a large European wild ox domesticated during the Stone Age, extinct since 1627. (infoplease.com)
  • Much more work needs to be done on the osteology of Sangas and of cattle remains from archaeological sites in Africa, but if this model proves to be correct African cattle should be regarded as a taxon of equal status to Bos taurus and Bos indicus . (springer.com)
  • By the end of the 19th century, ranchers had cross-bred the horns out of the cattle industry and by the 1890s furniture makers were importing horns from Africa and South America. (mercurynews.com)
  • President Trump floats terminating trade deals where the US imports cattle in an effort to assist US ranchers negatively impacted by COVID-19. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Cattle are placed in a cattle crush in order to restrain them prior inspecting the mouth and amount of teeth that each animal has. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pastoral rock art in the Horn of Africa: making sense of udder chaos. (springer.com)
  • As Texas Longhorn cattle continue to gain prominence, these two precautions will add value, and eliminate a potential problem for every producer. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • In past years Texas Longhorn cattle have sold for amounts above $150,000, and many were sporting record wide serpentined spreads. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • Texas Longhorn cattle are bred for all the main virtues of other cattle breeds, yet beyond that, longevity of production, attractive colors, unassisted calving, large weaning weights, lean high omega 3 meat, and long twisty horns. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • Processing longhorn cattle was expensive. (mercurynews.com)
  • I have Registered Texas Longhorn Cattle for Sale at all times. (tlbaa.org)
  • When you visit our estate you will see our longhorn cattle grazing the Parkland. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Shugborough estate has a long history with longhorn cattle. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • The Kuri are believe to be descended from the Hamitic Longhorn cattle and have been herded by the Buduma and Kuri peoples for centuries. (okstate.edu)
  • Royalty free images: Zebu or Humped Cattle Bos primigenius indicus, Myanmar, Burma Author: Egmont StriglDate: 2007-03-04 Maximum available size: 18 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Longs lost over 500 head of cattle in the blizzards that season, with the result that the Long Company was unable to exercise its option to purchase the leased acreage when the lease contract expired in 1998. (cornell.edu)
  • A farmer might say "My land runs 5,000 head of cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • A "head" means one, but the term "one head of cattle" is not usually used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such horns consist of an extension of the frontal bone , a permanent part of the cranium covered by a horny layer. (britannica.com)
  • Domestic cattle were first brought to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus on his second voyage. (infoplease.com)
  • Aurochs were the ancestors of domestic cattle. (scientificamerican.com)
  • One primary concern with the face fly is that it can spread the bacterium Moraxella bovis that causes pinkeye in cattle. (dairyherd.com)
  • Because many horn fly populations in Nebraska are resistant to pyrethroid insecticides it is important to rotate insecticide classes yearly for ear tags and seasonally for other application methods. (agweb.com)
  • Additionally, a feed-through form doesn't require extra cattle handling or hassle beyond regular mineral feeder maintenance. (purinamills.com)
  • What is a cattle cube feeder? (reference.com)
  • A cattle cube feeder is a motorized piece of farming equipment that releases cubes of feed for cows, generally at set intervals. (reference.com)
  • Feeder cattle futures followed live cattle down, with August feeders down 0.800 cent at $131.750 cents per pound. (thedairysite.com)
  • A rare, age-related local overgrowth of the horny layer of the skin so that a short, cylindrical, horn-like protrusion occurs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Milk and eight tooth cattle are not marked. (wikipedia.org)
  • Should they keep sending their children to cattle camp -- where they learn to brand, milk and deliver cows -- or shift their sights toward classrooms and literacy? (washingtonpost.com)
  • On their way to milk the cows, Alanitch and her friends pass family corrals full of cattle, each with a hut on stilts in the center. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Their attacks cause loss of weight and milk production in affected cattle. (britannica.com)
  • The interplacentomal wall of the gravid uterine horn in cattle has, besides many other important functions, three major tasks during pregnancy: secretion of uterine milk, provision of uterine tensile strength and mechanical stability, and expulsion of the fetus at term. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Horn fly feeding causes irritation, blood loss, decreased grazing efficiency, reduced weight gains and a decline in milk production. (agweb.com)
  • Q We have a steer-horn chair that has been in the family for over 60 years. (mercurynews.com)
  • It is fabricated with steer horns on the outside with leather/vinyl for the seat and back. (mercurynews.com)
  • Making furniture with steer horns originated in Europe, not in the UnitedStates, and came to this country via immigrants. (mercurynews.com)
  • Thus two tooth cattle are marked on the wither , four tooth on the middle of the back and six tooth on their high bone (near tail). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fashionable appearance, beautiful package and very suitable to be used as promotion gifts Specification Horn type Bone Conduction Loudspeaker Sensitivity 123±5DB. (burrillandco.com)
  • The best quality Horn Beads Red Horn Bone Beads 4-5mm In Beads Strands Or Necklaces Horn Beads - We have the biggest collection of natural shell fashion accessories and shellcrafts. (burrillandco.com)
  • Dimensions : 12cm x 8cm Handmade from water buffalo horn , bone . (burrillandco.com)
  • BBB# A1 1) Material: Cattle Leg Bone 2) Size: Photos are just for your reference. (burrillandco.com)
  • From the modern collection, the Horn & Pewter Knob is handcrafted from satin lead-free pewter and cattle bone. (sparkandburnish.com.au)
  • Examples include the horn of the hyoid bone and the iliac horn. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Charolais cattle are a breed that originates in France and is now very popular in the beef industry. (wikihow.com)
  • While Charolais cattle share many similar characteristics with other breeds, they also have features that set them apart. (wikihow.com)
  • True French Charolais cattle are white, cream, or straw colored. (wikihow.com)
  • Purebred Charolais cattle also have a white nose. (wikihow.com)
  • Charolais are not the only breed of white cattle, so be sure to observe the cattle's other characteristics as well. (wikihow.com)
  • In the United states, cattle can be considered purebred Charolais as long as 31/32 of their genetics are from Charolais cattle. (wikihow.com)
  • As a result, it is possible for Charolais cattle to have red or black coloring, in addition to the traditional white or cream varieties. (wikihow.com)
  • Some Charolais cattle also develop a red coat due to a gene mutation. (wikihow.com)
  • In order to be registered with the American International Charolais Association as purebred, cattle must posses 31/32 Charolais genetics and be white, cream, straw, or red in color. (wikihow.com)
  • Charolais are rugged, large muscled cattle. (farmanddairy.com)
  • In 1934, Charolais cattle were brought to the United States from Mexico. (farmanddairy.com)
  • Charolais cattle are raised for beef. (farmanddairy.com)
  • It is a requirement in some locations that prime cattle have a dentition indication mark on them prior to auction. (wikipedia.org)
  • US live cattle futures closed lower on 21 June for a second straight session after contracts reached more-than-four-month highs last week as meat packers continued to process surplus cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) August live cattle futures settled down 0.425 cent at 101.850 cents per pound and October live cattle fell 0.250 cent to 106.125 cents. (thedairysite.com)
  • Live cattle futures closed lower on 22 June after the USDA Cattle on Feed report showed supplies and placements above trade expectations, but below marketing estimates. (thedairysite.com)
  • The size and shape of the horns are of tremendous importance. (boniti.co.uk)
  • The size, shape and color of the horns in a piece of furniture influence the price buyers are willing to pay. (mercurynews.com)
  • The horns come out on either side of the head above the ears and are a simple shape, usually curved upwards but sometimes down. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extending from the mother's temples, long horns bent in the shape of a lazy "L" had been polished and glistened in the sun. (gct.com)
  • The gigantic bulbous horns are an unmistakable trait of the Kuri, although the range of the size and shape is much broader than people think. (okstate.edu)
  • The tribesmen were strict in their selection of animals for their horns, many of which grow in a lyre or crescent shape. (okstate.edu)
  • Most remarkable is the unique pear shape of the horns. (okstate.edu)
  • Fat cattle auctions in New South Wales, Australia identify the amount of teeth that prime animals have in the form of sprayed marks along the back. (wikipedia.org)
  • A photographer can get good pictures of cattle by using a digital camera with a built-in flash, allowing the animals to get used to him, not taking picture. (reference.com)
  • The hard smooth keratinous material forming the outer covering of the horns of cattle or related animals. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A word about breeds with large horns: Be aware that large horns mean an increased risk of harming yourself when handling the cattle, as well as intimidating other animals including horses. (wikihow.com)
  • Several cases of rabies in cattle, including dairy and beef animals, have been reported this year. (drovers.com)
  • Suspend bags in areas frequented by cattle or in gateways or lanes through which the animals pass daily for water, feed or minerals. (drugs.com)
  • Cattle are the most common type of large domesticated hoofed animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cattle are large grazing animals with two-toed or cloven hooves and a four-chambered stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • The word cattle is used for some wild animals as well as for domesticated cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • French explorers also called the animals "les boeff" - the cattle. (nps.gov)
  • When transporting cattle across state lines OCV vaccinations are required on females to simplify the health certificate process. (texaslonghorn.com)
  • These horns are a sustainable bi-product of the beef industry, and by purchasing these horns directly from the farmers, we are creating much needed additional revenue for the rural communities where income streams are limited. (boniti.co.uk)
  • Our research evidence on the rate of release of water-soluble nitrogen compounds suggests that cattle horn shavings are suitable for use as slow release nitrogen fertilizer. (pjoes.com)
  • Ear tags, animal sprays and pour-ons require additional cattle handling and often multiple rounds of handling to cover the full fly season. (purinamills.com)
  • A wind instrument made of an animal horn. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • an article made of the material of an animal horn or like substance, as a thimble, spoon, or shoehorn. (dictionary.com)
  • any projection or extremity resembling the horn of an animal. (dictionary.com)
  • a part resembling an animal horn attributed to deities, demons, etc. (dictionary.com)
  • a wind instrument, originally formed from the hollow horn of an animal but now usually made of brass or other metal or plastic. (dictionary.com)
  • This article is about the domestic farm animal, and not the wild cattle which still live in some parts of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • After mating the female fly will leave the animal to deposit eggs in fresh cattle manure. (agweb.com)
  • 2. an excrescence or projection shaped like the horn of an animal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Buyers can easily find horn chairs for sale but there is almost never information about the origin of the horns. (mercurynews.com)
  • An African origin for African cattle? (springer.com)
  • Parent stock and derived types of African cattle, with particular reference to the importance of conformational characteristics in the study of their origin. (springer.com)
  • But cows edited to be hornless would not have DNA from a different species, just DNA from a different breed of cattle. (technologyreview.com)
  • Cattle can be horned or polled (or hornless), depending on the breed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cattle nutrient requirements can vary by season and stage of production - and now is a great time to evaluate your cattle mineral program and map out a plan to maximize impact. (purinamills.com)
  • Horn distemper , a disease of cattle, affecting the internal substance of the horn. (everything2.com)
  • The horn of the pronghorn antelope is unique in that the horny covering is shed periodically and a new one is formed from the epidermis that persists over the bony extension. (britannica.com)
  • It is thought that the horns act as floats. (okstate.edu)