Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.
A species of Trypanosome hemoflagellates that is carried by tsetse flies and causes severe anemia in cattle. These parasites are also found in horses, sheep, goats, and camels.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.
A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
The consumption of edible substances.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) clotting activity in human plasma in health and disease in various animal plasmas. (1/57984)

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) is an agent in normal human plasma that corrects the impaired in vitro surface-mediated plasma reactions of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and kinin generation observed in Fitzgerald trait plasma. To assess the possible pathophysiologic role of Fitzgerald factor, its titer was measured by a functional clot-promoting assay. Mean +/- SD in 42 normal adults was 0.99+/-0.25 units/ml, one unit being the activity in 1 ml of normal pooled plasma. No difference in titer was noted between normal men and women, during pregnancy, or after physical exercise. Fitzgerald factor activity was significantly reduced in the plasmas of eight patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis (0.40+/-0.09 units/ml) and of ten patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (0.60+/-0.30 units/ml), but was normal in plasmas of patients with other congenital clotting factor deficiencies, nephrotic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or sarcoidosis, or under treatment with warfarin. The plasmas of 21 mammalian species tested appeared to contain Fitzgerald factor activity, but those of two avian, two repitilian, and one amphibian species did not correct the coagulant defect in Fitzgerald trait plasmas.  (+info)

Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (2/57984)

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar.  (+info)

Phagocytic acitivity of bovine leukocytes during pregnancy. (3/57984)

The phagocytic competence, measured as the total number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes per mm3 which phagocytosed Staphylococcus aureus, strain 321, in vitro, was determined in eight cows during complete pregnancies. Such leukocytes are referred to as "Active PMN'S". There was a gradual decline in the number of these cells from conception to a minimum between the 16th and 20th weeks of pregnancy, followed by a steady increase to the cessation of lactation when a marked drop occurred, after which there was an increase to a maximun during the second week prepartum. From this maximum there was a rapid decrease to an absolute minimum during the first week after parturition. From the second week postpartum there was a gradual increase to conception. The correlation coefficient (r) of number of active PMN'S with time before conception was -0.474 )p-0.01). There were significant differences (p=0.01) in numbers of active PMNS Among the eight cows. It was found that the cows fell into two groups, one whose members had, overall, significantly more active PMNs (p=0.001) than those in the second group. The between cow differences may have been due to 1) age, since the cows with the highest numbers of circulating active PMNs were younger than those in the other group of 2) the combined stress of pregnancy and lactation, as those cows which were both pregnant and milking had the lowest numbers of active PMNs.  (+info)

The indirect hemagglutination test for the detection of antibodies in cattle naturally infected mycoplasmas. (4/57984)

Stable mycoplasma antigens for the indirect hemagglutination test (IHA) were prepared employing glutaraldehyde treated sheep erythrocytes sensitized with Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis and Mycoplasma bovigenitalium antigens. Employing these antigens mycoplasma antibodies were detected in sera from cattle which had mastitic symptoms due to natural infection with either M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. A total of 200 cows from four herds were examined at varying intervals for the presence of M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and for the detection of antibody using growth inhibition and IHA tests. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 37 animals. Growth inhibiting antibody was detected from 56 of the 200 animals. In the IHA tests, antibody titer greater than or equal to 1:80 were detected in 148 animals, 76 of these having antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:160, while sera of 116 normal control animals had no growth inhibiting antibody and none had IHA antibody titers greater than 1:40. M. bovigenitalium was isolated from the milk of three of 26 animals in a fifth herd during an outbreak of mastitis. Growth inhibiting antibodies were demonstrated in the sera of ten of the 26 animals. However, the IHA test detected antibody titers of greater than or equal to 1:160 in 13 animals and of 1:80 in one of the 26 animals. To determine the specificity of the IHA tests, M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens were reacted with rabbit hyperimmune typing sera produced against 12 species of bovine mycoplasmatales. Homologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of 1:1280 and 1:2560 against M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium respectively, whereas heterologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of less than or equal to 1:20. Also eight type-specific bovine antisera were reacted with M agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens in homologous and heterologous tests. Homoogous reactions showed IHA antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:320, whereas heterologous reactions showed IHA titers of less than or equal to 1:20. This IHA test promises to be useful for the detection of bovine mycoplasma antibodies in sera from cattle infected with M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. Thes test is sensitive, reproducible and specific and the technique is relatively simple and rapid. The antigens were stable for at least seven months.  (+info)

Experimental production of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of serological and immunological responses using pili fractions of Moraxella bovis. (5/57984)

The effect of vaccinating cattle and mice on the development of keratoconjunctivitis was studied. Cattle were vaccinated with whole cells, disrupted cells and pili fractions of three strains of Moraxella bovis. Mice were vaccinated with pili fractions of three strains. The resistance of all vaccinated animals was challenged with virulent cultures of M. bovis. In an attempt to correlate the response seen after vaccination and challenge with a pili fraction of M. bovis, vaccinated cattle and mice were grouped on the basis of signs of disease manifested and compared on the basis of serological responses. Serum samples were tested for antibodies by a gel diffusion precipitin test. A greater number of the sera of resistant cattle had antibodies to the homologous pili antigen than those of vaccinated nonresistant cattle. Cattle vaccinated with disrupted cells were not resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to challenge exposure by homologous than heterologous cultures. A greater number of the sera of resistant mice had antibodies to pili antigens than nonresistant mice.  (+info)

Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals. (6/57984)

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

Bovine mastitis in Ontario due to Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis. (7/57984)

Bovine mastitis caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis was first diagnosed in 16 of 55 cows in an Ontario herd in Feburary 1972. A total of 182 of 598 (30.4%) cows from 33 of 64 (51.5%) farms in widely separated areas of the province were culturally positive. Herd incidence varied from 15 to 40% with one closed herd having an incidence of 61%. Four herds were investigated culturally and serologically by the growth inhibition test for 15 months. In the acute phase the organism was present in the milk in extremely high numbers and could still be isolated from a few cows after eight to 12 months. The sera from 89.5% of the animals with clinical mycoplasma mastitis produced a zone of surface "film" and/or colony inhibition and some cows remained positive for six to 12 months. The disease was experimentally reproduced with a pure culture of the organism isolated from the milk of a cow from one of the herds.  (+info)

Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia. (8/57984)

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

Taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus), also called European cattle, are a subspecies of domesticated cattle originating in the Near East. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. Most modern breeds of cattle are taurine cattle. Genetic research suggests the entire modern stock of taurine cattle may have arisen from as few as 80 aurochs tamed in the upper reaches of Mesopotamia about 10,500 years ago near the villages of Çayönü in southeastern Turkey and Djade el Mughara in northern Iraq. The genome sequence of the Hereford breed of taurine cattle was published by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium in 2009. Indicine cattle Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Bos taurus. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN ...
No. of Report Pages: 102. Price (Single User Licence): $4000. Have any Query Regarding this Report? Contact us at: http://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/10389624. This Cattle Feed Sales Industry report also takes into account the past price of 2011-2015 and future price of 2016-2021 as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Cattle Feed Sales market forecasts. Additionally, the Cattle Feed Sales Market report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Cattle Feed Sales Market.. Several important topics included in the Cattle Feed Sales market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Cattle Feed Sales Market. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Cattle Feed Sales Industry. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Cattle Feed ...
Black Pied cattle refer to a range of some cattle breeds, including: Black Pied (Lowland): see Friesian cattle, group of breeds, and especially German Black Pied cattle Black Pied Aosta: see Aosta Black Pied cattle Black Pied Breton: see Breton Black Pied cattle Black Pied Danish: see Danish Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch: see Dutch Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch Friesian, Dutch Black Pied cattle free of Holstein blood Black Pied East Belgian: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Hervé: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Jutland: see Jutland Black Pied cattle Black Pied Podolian: see Podolian Black Pied cattle Black Pied Polders: see Polders Black Pied cattle Black Pied Valdostana: see Aosta Black Pied cattle see also Belgian Black Pied Czech Black Pied German Black Pied Dairy cattle Russian Black Pied, incl. Central Russian Black Pied Siberian Black Pied Ural Black Pied Swiss Black Pied (= Black Spotted): see Swiss Holstein Mason, Ian Lauder: A world dictionary of livestock ...
Texas British White Cattle Breeder - British White Cattle ranch in East Texas breeding for excellence in Grassfed British White cattle. All cattle dual registered with the BWCAA and the American British White Park Cattle Association. British White cattle are an ancient polled breed, long revered for their beauty, gentle disposition, and beef quality. This British White Cattle Ranch in SouthEast Texas is raising registered British White replacement heifers, bulls, and seedstock cows. British White cattle are noted for outstanding Fertility, Longevity, Milkiness, Calving Ease, Disposition, and Carcass. This Texas British White site offers indepth research into the history of the polled British White cow and the horned White Park breed, both referred to as Park cattle, White Forest cattle, Wild White Cattle, and White Park Cattle over the lapse of centuries of breeding and adoration by British White cattle breeders.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wooden hutch space allowance influences male Holstein calf health, performance, daily lying time, and respiratory immunity. AU - Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.. AU - Hulbert, L. E.. AU - Fowler, A. L.. AU - Louie, A.. AU - Gershwin, Laurel J. AU - Pinkerton, Kent E. AU - Ballou, M. A.. AU - Klasing, K. C.. AU - Mitloehner, F. M.. PY - 2016/6/1. Y1 - 2016/6/1. N2 - Dairy calves in the western United States are commonly raised individually in wooden hutches with a space allowance of 1.23 m2/calf. Recent legislative initiatives in California and across the United States were passed regarding concern over space allowance for farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if rearing male Holstein calves in wooden hutches modified to increase space allowance would influence measures of performance, lying time per day, health, and respiratory immunocompetence. At 4 d of age, 60 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 housing treatments: (1) conventional housing (CONV; 1.23 m2/calf), ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Sale Gross - $444,450. $50,000 - Semen Syndicate - AHCC Earning Power 900E ET, 2/8/2017, 81% Limousin, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by MAGS Anchor, out of LVLS 9066U, purchased by Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo., members of the semen syndicate include: MR Limousin, Diamond Hill Cattle Company, ATAK Limousin, Buff Beef Cattle, 4-H Limousin, TTT Farms, Franseen Limousin, Venner Limousin, Graven Land & Cattle, Lakeside Limousin, Circle R Limousin, Beckman Livestock, Jones Brothers, Lewis Limousin and TMJ Cattle Company.. $15,500 - Bull - Lot 20, AHCC Endless Power 0901E ET, 3/4/2017, Lim-Flex, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by SAV Resource 1441, out of LVLS 9066U, syndicate consisting of Graven Land & Cattle, Lebanon, Mo.; Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo; Tubmill Creek Farms, New Florence, Pa.; Diamond Hill Cattle Company, Newcastle, Okla.; and Wulf Cattle, Morris, Minn. purchased this herd sire prospect.. $10,500 - Cow Family Package - Lot 107, package ...
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n=5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n=7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n=3), or both FF and cull cattle (n=2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety of phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1% and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4% and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1% and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5% and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%
Because of their native environment, the cattle are very hardy and can survive the Scottish winters, which are typically harsh, with snowfall and storms. Cows typically weigh 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) and bulls weigh 850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Calves are usually born smaller than is acceptable for the market, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is needed for veal production.. The cattle are naturally polled and black in colour. They typically mature earlier than other native British breeds such as the Hereford or North Devon. However, in the middle of the 20th century a new strain of cattle called the Red Angus emerged. The United States does not accept Red Angus cattle into herd books, while the UK and Canada do. Except for their colour genes, there is no genetic difference between black and red Angus, but they are regarded as different breeds in the US. However, there have been claims that black angus are more sustainable to cold weather, though unconfirmed.. The cattle have a large muscle ...
MGA® is a hormone material added to the ration of feedlot heifers. It improves rate of gain and feed utilization and suppresses estrus in feedlot heifers. Rate of gain was improved 10.3 percent and feed efficiency 6.5 percent in an average of 47 trials. MGA® may be combined with Rumensin or Bovatec in supplements or rations offered to heifers.. Bovatec® are feed additives that change rumen fermentation and improve the feed conversions of feedlot cattle by approximately 8 to 10 percent. Both are effective for steers and heifers fed growing or finishing rations. They give some protection against acidosis and founder when cattle are fed high-grain rations. Rumensin® has reduced feed intake with little change in rate of gain for cattle fed high-grain rations. Bovatec® has shown some improvement in daily gain for cattle fed high-energy rations.. Rumensin® has increased rate of gain and feed efficiency of cattle fed corn silage and other roughage rations. Cattle on pasture or those fed ...
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Cattle production follows a dynamic cycle that has often been analyzed, and cattle markets receive much scrutiny because of the potential for buyer market power. The relationship between the two has been little studied, however. This paper provides a simple conceptual framework to study how the cattle cycle and market concentration jointly affect the bargaining power of producers and packers yielding the following main results. Not surprisingly, a larger cattle stock reduces producers bargaining position, which results in a lower fed cattle price. More importantly, however, the cattle stocks negative effect on price is magnified by the market concentration in beef packing. Thus, the cycle itself is very importantly related to a posited cycle of bargaining power between cattle producers and beef packers. Secondly, the model also shows how beef packers may use the special feature of cattle as both consumption and capital goods to lower the cattle price by influencing cattle inventories. Crespi, John M.;
Cattle are large domesticated animals reared for beef or leather or kept to produce milk. The word cattle has no singular form, as the male bull and the female cow have markedly different temperaments. However, cattle are often referred to as cows, whether male or female. The offspring of cattle is a calf (plural calves). A castrated bull is called a bullock. During his sojourn in Haran, Jacob prospered while tending cattle for Laban. (Gen. 30:40) The female appears placid and contented and can be easily approached and milked, even by a child. The bull is considered dangerous and is typically penned up far away from any cows. Like many kinds of livestock their waste produces methane, an invisible and odorless gas, which liberals falsely maintain contributes to global warming. Cattle are susceptible to bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which when humans eat infected cows, they get CJD. CJD is a 100% fatal disease. All cows younger than 5 do not show symptoms of BSE. Cattle are slaughtered at 18 ...
Course topics include Basic Beef Cattle Production, Herd Management, Beef Quality Assurance, Cattle Evaluation, TAMU Horse Judging and more.
Differences in the mitochondrial respiratory activity of cattle muscle tissue during postmortem metabolism may have significant impacts on meat quality. For example, Angus beef is more tender than Brahman beef, but the reason for this difference is not well elucidated. It is therefore plausible to consider differences in the postmortem metabolism of muscle tissue, which in turn influence pH decline, may vary between cattle breeds, affecting meat quality.. The authors of this Journal of Animal Science study compared postmortem mitochondrial respiratory function of Angus and Brahman cattle, looking specifically at the Longissimus lumborum muscle. Muscle tissue was evaluated at two different temperatures (38.5 and 40.0 degrees Celsius), one-hour postmortem. The authors hypothesized that postmortem mitochondrial metabolism would differ by breed, possibly due to differences in the heat tolerance of each breed. Brahman cattle have better resilience to heat stress than Angus cattle.. The parameters ...
The worlds first genome study of indigenous African cattle shed light on new genes, diversity and even adaptation to the eco-system.. The so-called African Cattle Complex is considered an asset of the Africa economy and society. Also considered as walking larder, as a great source of food, milk, hides and manure. Cattle are also considered as status of power and status.. But the rich diversity of around 150 cattle breed facing many challenges like diseases, vector borne ailments, and climatic pressure.. Now, a team of international scientists led by Olivier Hanotte from the University of Nottingham have drafted the genomes of five important breeds of African cattle that revealed some amazing environmental adaptations, and new genetic makeup. The findings could help in better breeding future programs in the region.. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and Professor Heebal Kim from Seoul National University also played an important role in the genome ...
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Marshall and Ernst Windsor have run their herd of Hereford cows for almost 40 years now. Their operation is built around breeding and advancing genetics. Ernsts predilection is towards Herefords due to their sturdy build, adaptable nature, and their dependability during times of drought.. In 2001, the Ernsts moved their cattle ranch to Windsor. From then until 2012, the area of Windsor suffered from severe drought, and along with the rest of the industry, Ernsts herd suffered, with his cattle herd numbers dwindling significantly.. However, because of his Herefords, Ernst made it through a difficult time. And as the cattle industry undergoes even more changes, he expects to rely on the Herefords to help see him through once more.. Because of the drought, cattle numbers were dangerously low. And paired with a high beef demand, cattle prices hit an all-time high in 2015. As this perfect storm continues, the beef industry has slowly but surely begun to rebuild.. And the timing couldnt be better. ...
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday quoted choice boxed beef cutout at $241.70/cwt, up $2.57 from Tuesday and the highest in more than two years (all figures US$). Select cutout fell 25 cents, to $214.27, but was up from $200.58/cwt a week ago.. As a result, strong beef packer margins give them (processors) incentive to kill more cattle, which solves some of the problem of Tyson being shut down, Brugler said.. CME live cattle futures tumbled last week as news of the Tyson fire threatened to curb demand for fat cattle. But the market rallied on Monday after government data showed that last weeks U.S. cattle slaughter came in above expectations, despite the loss of the Kansas plant.. On Tuesday, CME October live cattle futures ended up 1.775 cents at 100 cents/lb., and October feeder cattle settled up 0.475 cent at 133.65 cents/lb.. Live cattle futures drew additional support from expectations of higher cash cattle trade this week, given rising beef cut-out values, Brugler said. Cash ...
Aside from Chicago MercantileExchange spot February live cattle futures, remaining contractsdrew support on Monday from last weeks bullish biannual cattleinventory report, analysts and traders said. Fridays data showed tighter cattle numbers ahead with theU.S. cattle herd at the smallest in 61 years after drought drovefeed costs to record highs last summer. CME live cattle spot February settled down slightlyon cash cattle price caution. Also, some traders exited the contract to avoid likelydeliveries. Monday was the first notice day for cattledeliveries against the spot month that will expire on Feb. 28. CME spot February live cattle closed at 127.075cents per lb, down 0.025 cent. April ended up 0.100 centto 132.275 cents and June finished at 128.000 cents,0.250 cent higher. Investors wait for cattle in the cash market to changehands. Cash cattle last week moved at mostly $122 to $124 percwt, feedlot sources said. Wintry weather in the western Plains reduced the movement
One of the main attractions for guests, often bringing them back year after year, is the opportunity to work with Rocco and Annies cattle from the cattle ranch. Since the cattle typically graze on Sweet Grass Ranch lands for a portion of the summer, Sweet Grass Ranch guests have the opportunity to learn first hand about the challenges and joys of caring for a herd of grass-fed, range cattle, monitoring their health and moving them to new grazing grounds as water and grass vitality dictates.. We may do some cattle work on any given week, and are sometimes checking fences, grass conditions, and putting out salt and minerals. On these working rides, guests are always invited to join in whenever they desire a taste of the cowboy life. Please be aware that we do not work cattle every week, so if this is an important part of your vacation, you must verify cattle work with us in advance when booking.. For those looking for that working ranch experience of a cattle drive, there are certain weeks we are ...
Healthy teeth are important in the first stages of digestion for dairy cattle, yet little is known about bovine dental disease. This study aimed to investigate dental pathology of dairy cattle in two parts. First dairy cattle cadaver heads (n=11) were examined at the time of culling. Second, the authors performed oral exams in cattle fed a total mixed ration (TMR) (n=200) and pasture-based (n=71) grazing cattle. Cadaver heads were imaged using radiography and computed tomography before gross dissection to study dental anatomy and pathology. The most prevalent dental abnormalities were excessive transverse ridging of the occlusal surface, the presence of diastemas and third molar dental overgrowths (M3DO) in cadaver heads. Average thickness of subocclusal dentine ranged from 3.5 mm to 5.8 mm in cheek teeth but was ,10 mm in maxillary teeth with M3DO. Radiographic findings were compared with oral examinations in live cattle. Prevalence of M3DO upon oral examination was 19 per cent and 28 per cent ...
This week, feedlots in the U.S. Plains have priced their market-ready, or cash, cattle over $165 per hundredweight (cwt), with no bids from packers, feedlot sources said. Last week, cash cattle in the Midwest traded at mostly $162.. Wednesday afternoons choice wholesale beef price, or cutout, rose $2.67/cwt from Tuesday to $246.55. Select climbed $2.22 to $234.48, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said.. Beef packer margins for Wednesday were a negative $55.70 per head, compared with a negative $74 on Tuesday and a negative $74.25 a week ago, according to Colorado-based analytics firm HedgersEdge.com.. Expectations for tighter cattle numbers in the coming months boosted deferred CME live cattle contracts.. CME feeder cattle futures drew support from live cattle market buying. Traders cited the exchanges feeder cattle index for Oct. 7 at 238.01 cents, up from 237.57 for Oct. 6.. October closed 0.85 cent/lb. higher at 242.325 cents, and November up 0.5 cent at 242.925 cents.. Hogs turn ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Restriction of vitamin A and D in beef cattle finishing diets on feedlot performance and adipose accretion. AU - Pickworth, C. L.. AU - Loerch, Steven. AU - Fluharty, F. L.. PY - 2012/6/1. Y1 - 2012/6/1. N2 - Feedlot producers often exceed NRC recommendations for vitamin A and D supplementation; however, increased concentrations of these vitamins have been shown to limit adipocyte differentiation in vitro. A feedlot trial was conducted using 168 Angus crossbred steers (BW = 284 ± 0.4 kg) allotted to 24 pens. The experiment had a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments: no supplemental vitamin A or D (NAND), 3,750 IU vitamin A/kg dietary DM with no supplemental vitamin D (SAND), no supplemental vitamin A and 1,860 IU vitamin D/kg dietary DM (NASD), and 3,750 IU and 1,860 IU vitamin A and D/ kg dietary DM (SASD), respectively. Serum, liver, and intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissue retinol concentrations were decreased in (P , 0.001) in cattle fed the no supplemental ...
Selection alters the frequency of genes in a population (breed) affecting a particular characteristic. Population genetic change is difficult for breeders to understand because they deal with individuals when making selection decisions and in their merchandising programs. Nevertheless, breeds (populations) which practice intense selection for characteristics of economic importance to the cattle industry will change genetically and eventually be the successful populations because they will leave the most progeny in the next generation. The genetic improvement of a population (breed) cannot overlook the individual because the individual, if selected, is the vehicle containing the genes which are to be passed on to the next generation. Bull selection is central to directed changes in gene frequency of any defined beef cattle population because of the low reproductive rate in beef females. Sophisticated genetic prediction techniques have been developed to help U.S. beef cattle producers make sound selection
* May placements up 12.0 pct vs year ago * June 1 feedlot cattle at 103.0 pct of year ago * Marketings in May up 9.0 pct vs year ago * Report mildly bearish for CME live cattle futures By Theopolis Waters CHICAGO, June 23 (Reuters) - U.S. ranchers during May drove12.0 percent more cattle into feedlots than a year earlier, themost for the month in a decade, the U.S. Department ofAgriculture reported on Friday, topping average predictions. Higher cattle prices paid by packers last month generatedmore profits for feedlot operators, allowing them to buy morecalves for fattening. Cattle that entered feedyards last month will be ready forprocessing beginning around October, analysts said. On Monday, Chicago Mercantile Exchange live cattle futures may see a mildly bearish response to Fridays reportbecause placements were not as high as some investors hadanticipated, said analysts. Market participants will mainly focus on next weeks cattleand wholesale beef prices, they said,
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A total of six hundred ninety nine (699) blood samples were collected randomly from cattle population of different cattle farms belonging to rural unorganised sectors and organised cattle farms of seven different districts of West Bengal to study the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhiniotracheitis (IBR) by Virus Neutralization Test (VNT). The seroprevalence of IBR among the cattle population of West Bengal was estimated to be 48.15% on district-wise study (highest seroprevalence rate of 85.29% in the cattle population of Nadia district and lowest rate of seroprevalence of 20.72% in the cattle population of Jalpaiguri district) and 42.32% on sampling area-wise study. Eighteen (18) serologically positive serum samples were selected as representative samples which were subjected to two fold end point titration. The end point titration of the seropositive samples collected from organised cattle farm of organised sector showed the IBR antibody titre to range from 1: 1 to 1: 8, while that of the samples
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mechanisms of uremic serum-induced expression of bone matrix proteins in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells. AU - Chen, N. X.. AU - Duan, D.. AU - ONeill, K. D.. AU - Wolisi, G. O.. AU - Koczman, J. J.. AU - LaClair, R.. AU - Moe, S. M.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - We have previously found that uremic human serum upregulates RUNX2 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and that RUNX2 is upregulated in areas of vascular calcification in vivo. To confirm the role of RUNX2, we transiently transfected a dominant-negative RUNX2 (ΔRUNX2) construct in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells (BVSMCs). Blocking RUNX2 transcriptional activity significantly decreased uremic serum induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity (268 ± 34 vs 188 ± 9.5 U/g protein, P , 0.05) and osteocalcin expression (172 ± 17 vs 125 ± 9 ODU, P , 0.05). To determine the mechanism by which uremic serum upregulates RUNX2, we examined cell signaling pathways. BVSMCs were incubated in the presence or ...
Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in developed countries. A noted exception is the low mortality of CHD in France, particularly the southwest region. This phenomenon, commonly referred to as the French paradox, may be associated with high consumption of red wine. We investigate whether the cardioprotective activity of red wine may involve the grape skin-derived polyphenol, resveratrol. We further test the possibility that resveratrol acts by modulating structural and functional changes in endothelial cells lining the blood vessel wall. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) were incubated with resveratrol, with and without concurrent exposure to simulated arterial shear stress. Resveratrol significantly affected proliferation and shape of BPAEC; growth was suppressed and cells became elongated, based on morphologic analysis of rhodamine-conjugated phalloidin stained F-actin by confocal microscopy. Using selective signaling
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
Intracellular pH (pH i) in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was determined using the pH-dependent absorbance of intracellularly trapped 5(and...
The purpose of this research was to determine whether genetic variation existed within Bos taurus Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), and whether this variation would affect carcass traits. PMCH had previously been shown to affect appetite and metabolism in rodent species, thus it was desirable to determine whether the gene had a similar effect in cattle, which could be interpreted based on carcass measurements of weight gain and fat production. Cattle PMCH was sequenced and an adenosine-to-thymine (A,T) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected 134 bp upstream of the translational start site. The SNP alleles were determined to significantly affect carcass traits including average fat and grade fat in two populations of cattle, and shear force measurements in one population. The adenosine homozygotes were found to have the highest fat levels and the thymine homozygotes the least, while the heterozygous animals had intermediate fat levels. Shear force values in the one available ...
PubMed journal article Growth, ruminal measurements, and health characteristics of Holstein bull calves fed an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extrac were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Brahman cattle at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Brahman cattle easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
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The majority of beef breed associations have made (or are currently making) substantial changes to their National Cattle Evaluation. These changes ultimately benefit commercial bull buyers by providing improved
Crossover generated by meiotic recombination is a fundamental event that facilitates meiosis and sexual reproduction. Comparative studies have shown wide variation in recombination rate among species, but the characterization of recombination features between cattle breeds has not yet been performed. Cattle populations in North America count millions, and the dairy industry has genotyped millions of individuals with pedigree information that provide a unique opportunity to study breed-level variations in recombination. Based on large pedigrees of Jersey, Ayrshire and Brown Swiss cattle with genotype data, we identified over 3.4 million maternal and paternal crossover events from 161,309 three-generation families. We constructed six breed- and sex-specific genome-wide recombination maps using 58,982 autosomal SNPs for two sexes in the three dairy cattle breeds. A comparative analysis of the six recombination maps revealed similar global recombination patterns between cattle breeds but with significant
Due to the absence of accurate pedigree information, it has not been possible to implement genetic evaluations for crossbred cattle in African small-holder systems. Genomic selection techniques that do not rely on pedigree information could, therefore, be a useful alternative. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of using genomic selection techniques in a crossbred cattle population using data from Kenya provided by the Dairy Genetics East Africa Project. Genomic estimated breeding values for milk yield were estimated using 2 prediction methods, GBLUP and BayesC, and accuracies were calculated as the correlation between yield deviations and genomic breeding values included in the estimation process, mimicking the situation for young bulls. The accuracy of evaluation ranged from 0.28 to 0.41, depending on the validation population and prediction method used. No significant differences were found in accuracy between the 2 prediction methods. The results suggest that there is ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Cattle industry at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Cattle industry easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Field data from the North American Limousin Federation was used to determine the heritability and genetic correlations of body condition score (BCS) with carcass traits. Carcass traits included carcass weight, ribeye area, fat thickness, intramuscular fat, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and all were estimated to be lowly to moderately heritable (0.14 to 0.34). Heritability of BCS was 0.19. Favorable correlations existed between ribeye area and carcass weight (0.50), ribeye area and BCS (0.60), and carcass weight and BCS (0.28). Unfavorable correlations existed among ribeye area and intramuscular fat (-0.40), carcass weight and intramuscular fat (-0.23), and intramuscular fat and BCS (-0.64). These results suggest that selection for BCS should be effective and would result in some favorable changes in ribeye area and carcass weight but with unfavorable change in marbling ...
RICHARD CARLETON: Australia exports well over half a million live cattle every year to almost a dozen countries. The unlucky ones end up in Egypt. From when the cattle leave Australia, often Fremantle, to here, the southern entrance or mouth of the Suez Canal, it is about 2.5 weeks. Now if its cold like today, the cattle wouldnt be complaining, even about the dust storm, because here in the summer it gets as hot as 37 degrees. The cattle themselves dont actually enter the canal. Theyre offloaded just over there at Port Suez, and then it is 21 days in quarantine before the tender mercies of the Egyptian slaughtermen. Most Australian cattle are sent here to Cairos Bassatin abattoir. Bassatin is the preferred abattoir for Australian cattle because of the slaughtering facilities here. What goes on here at Bassatin is near medieval. Footage like this, that includes Australian cattle, is not easily gathered. The woman passing the camera here now is Lyn White. Ms White, a former Adelaide ...
A model Indigenous Thai beef cattle breeding structure consisting of nucleus, multiplier and commercial units was used to evaluate the effect of changes in heritabilities of and genetic correlations between adaptation traits on genetic gain and profitability. A breeding objective that incorporated adaptation was considered. Two scenarios for improving both the production and the adaptation of animals where also compared in terms of their genetic and economic efficiency. A base scenario was modelled where selection is for production traits and adaptation is assumed to be under the forces of natural selection. The second scenario (+Adaptation) included all the information available for base scenario with the addition of indirect measures of adaptation. These measures included tick count (TICK), faecal egg count (FEC) and rectal temperature (RECT). Therefore, the main difference between these scenarios was seen in the records available for use as selection criteria and hence the level of ...
Siderophore-receptor and porin-based (SRP) Escherichia coli vaccine technology functions by starving the E. coli organism via competitive exclusion for proteins that scavenge iron, an essential nutrient for E. coli viability. Vaccination with SRP E. coli technology decreased the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in artificially inoculated cattle and in cattle naturally shedding the organism. Examination of the effects that SRP E. coli vaccines exert on performance parameters has yet to be attempted in a commercial setting. The use of SRP E. coli vaccine technology effectively decreases the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in feeder cattle and may improve beef safety; however, the vaccines effects on the economics of cattle feeding are unknown. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the effects of vaccinating cattle three times with an SRP E. coli vaccine verses a placebo on performance, health, and carcass characteristics of cattle fed in commercial feedlots.
As of July 1, 2011 Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just below 13.9 million head, down 0.8% from the same date in 2010. Cattle inventories have been declining since their peak of 16.9 million in July of 2005. However, the rate of decline has slowed down since July 2010.. During the current period, the Canadian dairy herd grew 0.3%, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1%. Farmers reported a 2.1% decline in the total number of beef cows while replacement heifers were seen to increase by 6.7%. The total number of dairy cows was virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago, while replacement dairy heifers increased 0.8%.. With the exception of a 0.2 % growth in both Alberta and Saskatchewan, declines in cattle and calf inventories were pervasive. Cattle and calf farms in British Columbia reported a 0.9% decline in overall cattle holdings, while Manitoba and Ontario indicated that inventories declined by 3.3% and 1.9% respectively. Inventories declined by 2.2% in Quebec and were off 1.6% ...
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) continues to be a problem in cattle herds in Ireland and Britain. It has been suggested that failure to eradicate this disease is related to the presence of a wildlife reservoir (the badger). A large-scale project was undertaken in the Republic of Ireland during 1997-2002 to assess whether badger removal could contribute to reducing risk of cattle herd breakdowns in four areas. During the period of that four area study, there was a significant decrease in risk in intensively culled (removal) areas relative to reference areas. In the present study, we revisit these areas to assess if there were any residual area effects of this former intervention a decade on (2007-2012). Over the study period there was an overall declining trend in bTB breakdown risk to cattle herds. Cattle herds within former removal areas experienced significantly reduced risk of breakdown relative to herds within former reference areas or herds within non-treatment areas (OR: 0.53; P , 0.001). ...
If you own a cattle ranch or raise them in any way, you will recognize the importance of ensuring that the cattle eat nutritiously. Whether you are raising them for beef, dairy or other purposes, you know that sickly cows or steers will not generate much cash flow on the market. Thus, it is crucial to feed the cattle the right mixture of products for healthy growing. A pet store in California that also provides Animal Cattle Service in El Dorado Hills CA understands the significance of these needs and provide products for ranchers and others to purchase.. When it comes to raising beef cattle, there is a difference in the grazing they do on the land, and the finishing in the feed, which is integral in raising quality livestock. The livestock market is calling for a grade of beef that is lighter. Ranchers have to take steps to ensure the cattle they are raising for beef is eating the proper, nutritious feed. In order to prepare the livestock to get a better price on the market, it becomes ...
Progesterone profiles and superovulatory responses of Simmental heifers in relation to pre-ovulatory energy intake and progesterone priming ...
COLLEGE STATION - The 59th Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course scheduled Aug. 5-7 at Texas A&M University in College Station will provide participants an inside look to the future of the industry as well as a snapshot of potential cattle market trends, course coordinators said.. Our U.S. cattle inventory is at levels not seen since the 1950s and we have several topics during the Aug. 5 general session that addresses trends and issues such as market outlook and infrastructure changes, said Dr. Jason Cleere, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service beef cattle specialist in College Station and conference coordinator.. Brian Bledsoe, who provides weather forecasts and commentary for the Southern Livestock Standard, will provide a weather outlook during the Aug. 5 general session. Bruce Vincent, a logger and motivational speaker from Libby, Mont., will presents With Vision, There Is Hope for Ranchers.. The short course has become one of the largest and most comprehensive beef cattle educational ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Global gene expression and systems biology analysis of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages in response to in vitro challenge with mycobacterium bovis. AU - Magee, David A.. AU - Taraktsoglou, Maria. AU - Killick, Kate E.. AU - Nalpas, Nicolas C.. AU - Browne, John A.. AU - Park, Stephen D.E.. AU - Conlon, Kevin M.. AU - Lynn, David. AU - Hokamp, Karsten. AU - Gordon, Stephen V.. AU - Gormley, Eamonn. AU - MacHugh, David E.. PY - 2012/2/22. Y1 - 2012/2/22. N2 - Background: Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, is a major cause of mortality in global cattle populations. Macrophages are among the first cell types to encounter M. bovis following exposure and the response elicited by these cells is pivotal in determining the outcome of infection. Here, a functional genomics approach was undertaken to investigate global gene expression profiles in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) purified from seven age-matched non-related females, in response to in ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico). Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List).. ** These are general requirements for importing cattle into the United States. You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a specific country.. Requirements:. ...
By Communications and Marketing. A commercial vaccine for cattle can effectively reduce levels of E. coli by more than 50 percent, a Kansas State University study has found. The vaccine is also effective using two doses instead of the recommended three doses, which can help cut costs for the beef industry.. David Renter, associate professor of epidemiology, is the principal investigator on a project that researched the effectiveness of products used to prevent the shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. The research appears in a recent online version of the journal Vaccine and helps improve current preventative methods for addressing food safety concerns.. While E. coli O157:H7 does not affect cattle, it causes foodborne disease in humans. Vaccines and other products may be given to cattle to help prevent the spread of the bacteria.. We wanted to test how well these products work to control E. coli O157:H7 in a commercial feedlot with a large population of cattle that were fed in the summer and ...
Safe-guard Medicated Dewormer For Beef Cattle (20% Protein Block. For the removal and control of lungworms, stomach worms and intestinal worms. Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated) is designed for deworming pastured cattle by feeding these medicated blocks for three (3) days only as the sole source of salt. It is essential to establish full cattle adaptation to supplemental block feeding prior to treating cattle with Safe-Guard 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated). Treats 11 - 1,000 lb animals. Do not use in dairy cattle of breeding age. Cattle must not be slaughtered within 16 days following last treatment. Under conditions of continuous exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 6 to 8 weeks. Contains 750 mg fenbendazole per lb.
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in different cattle herd management systems in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Between April and June 2005, a total of 728 bovines from 49 herds were tested for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses. Milk samples were taken from tuberculin positive animals and analysed for the presence of mycobacteria. Total prevalences of 2.5% and 10.1% were found for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses respectively, with more M. bovis-infection in cattle in the extensive management system and more atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in the intensive management system. From 8 out of 42 milk samples (19%) atypical mycobacteria were cultured. A higher prevalence of M. bovisinfection in the extensive sector could be due to several factors. In addition, such high prevalence puts herd owners and their families at risk for BTB. Therefore control of BTB, as well as education of cattle ...
Metal ear clips are used by veterinarians to identify cattle for health papers, and the normal Official Calfhood Vaccination, (OCV) procedure. These little clips are stabbed through the upper center part of the ear on cattle, and other types of livestock. All veterinarians are taught in college to place these clips in the upper ear. These metal clips are considered as a permanent identification by the federal and state authorities, everywhere. They arent. Anything man can pin on a critter, some other man can remove, and even the cattle themselves can remove them. When transporting cattle across state lines OCV vaccinations are required on females to simplify the health certificate process. The OCV vaccination process also includes a tattoo in the inner ear because the founding fathers knew these clips come out. Not only that, most cattle only live to be a few years old, and tattoos often last only a few years. Cattle that dont have their clips or visible tattoos can be restricted from Canadian ...
Red meat is an important dietary source that provides part of the nutritional requirements. Intramuscular fat, known as marbling, is located throughout skeletal muscle. Marbling is a trait of major economic relevance that positively influences sensory quality aspects. The aim of the present study was to identify and better understand biological pathways defining marbling in beef cattle. Pathway analysis was performed in PathVisio with publicly available transcriptomic data from semitendinosus muscle of well-marbled and lean-marbled beef. Moreover, for Bos taurus we created a gene identifier mapping database with bridgeDb and a pathway collection in WikiPathways. The regulation of marbling is possibly the result of the interplay between signaling pathways in muscle, fat, and intramuscular connective tissue. Pathway analysis revealed 17 pathways that were significantly different between well-marbled and lean-marbled beef. The MAPK signaling pathway was enriched, and the signaling pathways that play a role
The Braunvieh is a breed of cattle that originated in Switzerland. They were originally imported to the United States during the 1800s and a modern breed was formed, the Brown Swiss. The Brown Swiss have been crossed back with the European stock of Braunvieh. The Braunvieh were reintroduced to the United States in 1983 by Harlan Doeschot from Firth, Nebraska.. The Braunvieh is a docile but easy to work with breed. It has excellent milking ability, fine beef quality and reproductive efficiency. It can be a variety of shades of brown but the most common is mousy brown. The nose always has a lighter colored ring around it, which characterizes it from different breeds.. Braunvieh is German for brown cattle.. Image Caption: Braunvieh Cattle. Credit: Daniel Schwen/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0). ...
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"The County Fair: The First Day; Cattle". Burlington Daily Times. Burlington, VT. October 1, 1864. p. 2 - via Newspapers.com. " ... ". "The County Fair: The First Day; Cattle". "State Fair". "Chittenden County Fair: Swine". "Gas in Windsor". "Democratic ...
Cattle! Asses!" However, the fugue was so roundly condemned by critics and audience alike that Beethoven's publisher, Matthias ...
... though tsetse-resistant cattle have recently been imported from Senegal to a cattle project. In 2005 there were an estimated ... cattle; okoume (a tropical hardwood); fish Current account - balance $591 million (2010 est.) Currency: 1 Communauté financière ... 212,000 hogs, 195,000 sheep, 90,000 goats, 35,000 head of cattle, and 3.1 million chickens. In an effort to reduce Gabon's ...
And on the t[wenty six]th of May went S[ac[ella]rius]... cattle [...] [...] from the vicinity of Emesa and the Romans chased ... The author also talks about olive oil, cattle, ruined villages, suggesting that he belonged to peasant stock, i.e., parish ...
eurt! - yaa! (cattle). fara-fara - light motion (sails, birds, sweat running down...) farfal - very full dress far-fan - ... erre-merre - articulating the sound R wrongly esti - yaa! (cattle) estu-estu - nervously. et-et-et - exclamation used when ... cattle aikolo-maikolo- indecisive aiku-maiku - indecision. akuilu-makuilu - stilts ani-ani - walk, go for a walk antxi-antxika ...
His research in cattle breeding led to the development of three breeds suited the tropical climate: Jamaica Hope, Jamaica Red, ... Lecky learned that the cattle in Jamaica at that time were not well suited to life on hillsides where many small farmers had ... On returning to Jamaica in 1935 Lecky started to research his ideas by using lines of cattle and began to select bulls for ... He bred the Jamaica Hope, Red, and Black cattle breeds, adapted for the local climate. The Jamaica Hope was a combination of ...
Cattle ... If we are to get the Japs out of this area without loss of human lives, starvation will be our main weapon ... God, ... he was especially upset about one sortie that involved attacking cattle: "I felt horrible about it, being an ex bushy ... at ...
About 18,390 cattle were registered in the US in 2015. Galloway cattle are naturally polled (without horns). The most visible ... The Belted Galloway is a traditional Scottish breed of beef cattle. It derives from the Galloway cattle of the Galloway region ... The dun colour is caused by a mutation in the PMEL gene, the same mutation that causes dun and silver dun in Highland cattle. ... An old strain is listed as the "Original Belted Galloway Cattle" in the Ark of Taste of the Slow Food Foundation for ...
These subspecies are associated with abortion in sheep and cattle and infertility in cattle, respectively. C. fetus subspecies ... Taylor, AJ (2002). "Venereal Campylobacter Infections in Cattle". Cattle Prac. 10 (1): 35-42. Type strain of Campylobacter ... Infertility in cattle and abortion in sheep are common outcomes of infection associated with C. fetus subspecies venerealis and ... Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus is a cause of sporadic abortions in cattle and sheep, but is more of a serious problem in ...
... cattle, goats; fish Industrial production growth rate: 8% (2000 estimate) Electricity - production: 1,836 GWh (2002) ...
Atwater worked a number of jobs including football coach, cattle rancher, and trapper. He lived in Montana in the 1930s and ... Atwater, Montgomery M. (1954). Cattle Dog. Random House. Atwater, Montgomery M. (1956). The Trouble Hunters. Random House. ...
Cattle and other livestock are the major host species for the bacteria B. abortus. It is usually found to colonize in the liver ... When cattle have still births and are carrying this disease, other animals nearby can get infected if they ingest it or ... B. abortus can last a lot longer in animals if they aren't watched closely and if the cattle aren't getting treatment for it. ... Swine, goats, sheep, and cattle are a few of the reservoirs for the disease. B. abortus causes abortion and infertility in ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Model , Actress , Femme Fatales , Drake & Josh , Garden Party , The Lost , Cattle Call ...
ゲーム開発 (in Japanese). Cattle Call. 2010-04-08. Archived from the original on 2011-08-16. Retrieved 2010-07-20. "Final Fantasy ...
Harry Sargent acquired the property in 1923 with the intention of growing cotton but eventually turned to tin mining and cattle ... "About the Townsends". Townsend Cattle. 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2015. Helen Walker (23 August 2001). "La Belle Downs to sell by ... Steven Schubert (30 January 2012). "African cattle doing well in the Territory". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved ... Matt Brann (19 February 2015). "Northern Territory cattle station seeking compensation claiming Australian Defence Force ...
"Cattle export ban". The Independent. London. 10 December 1994. "Plane was only carrying calves because of ferry ban on trade in ... "Cattle flights". The Times. London. 21 October 1994. Midgley, Simon (5 November 1994). "Ferry firm joins animal boycott". The ... Some examples of the farm animals that were being exported to continental Europe were cattle, veal calves and sheep. British ... As a result of the ferry company ban, however, the transportation of the cattle was sent through the small, indendently ...
Highland Cattle (nd). Highland Cattle above Loch Maree (nd). Highland Cattle Loch Lomond (nd).[citation needed] Highland Cattle ... "Highland Cattle". Art UK. Retrieved 26 November 2018. Highland Cattle above Loch Maree in Rossendale Museum, Rossendale, ... Highland Cattle, Isle of Skye for sale by Meibohm Fine Arts, East Aurora, New York, USA. Accessed 19 July 2014. The Ghyll, ... A Cattle Raid in the Highlands Lot78 - Henry R. Hall Painting sold by Brunk Auctions, Asheville NC, 6 September 2006. Coniston ...
There are more than 15,000 head of cattle raised on the ranches. The Matador Land and Cattle Company was founded in 1882 by ... The Matador Cattle Company division operates three ranches totaling 425,000 acres (1,720 km2) located in Beaverhead, Montana; ... In 1952, Koch formed Matador Cattle Company, and later one of his companies purchased part of Matador Ranch, which was brought ... "TEXAS PARKS & WILDLIFE DEPARTMENT SELECTS MATADOR RANCH AS LONE STAR LAND STEWARD". Matador Cattle. June 11, 2010. Archived ...
2 cattle; 30 sheep; 16 goats. Value formerly and now 30 shillings". Drogo was probably "Drogo son of Mauger" mentioned in ...
"Hereford Cattle". Ridge Top Cattle. Retrieved 16 February 2016. Jolyon Attwooll (18 April 2013). "National Park focus: the New ... Hereford cattle. New Forest Pony. Norfolk turkey. Old English sheepdog. Suffolk Punch horse. Sir Peter Blake (b. 1932). William ...
Rosen, Sherwin; Murphy, Kevin M.; Scheinkman, José A. (1994). "Cattle Cycles". Journal of Political Economy. 102 (3): 468-492. ... "Cattle Cycles" (1994), which provides one of the sharpest applications of natural economic theory to explain cyclical ...
... and now it carries about 10,000 sheep and 1000 head of cattle. The cattle...are pictures of good breeding, and their glossy ... and now it carries about 10,000 sheep and 1000 head of cattle. The cattle...are pictures of good breeding, and their glossy ... Near Kyeamba he wrote of finding cattle marks in the valley and tracks of well shod horses, finding a wild herd of at least 800 ... He commented on the dark umbrageous trees overshadowing the noble river, the rich open flats with tame cattle browsing on them ...
Information from a cattle farmer Photos of the Hinterwald cattle. ... The cattle is small. Hinterwald cows are 115 to 125 centimetres (45 to 49 in) tall and weigh 350 to 450 kilograms (770 to 990 ... The Hinterwald (German: Hinterwälder Rind) is an old local breed of cattle from the Black Forest (Germany). There are breed ... "Hinterwald cattle". Zootierliste. Retrieved 30 March 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Hinterwälder Rind". ...
Icebergs & Cattle September 6, 1948 UBC Archives. Honorary Degree Citations - Retrieved April 24th 2009 Vancouver City Council ... like cattle." However, Duke was dedicated to vocations, establishing parishes and parochial schools. On October 30, 1953, he ...
"Cattle Decapitation". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-15. Monger, James Christopher. "Cavalera Conspiracy". Allmusic. Retrieved ...
Lucas Cattle Company was founded in 2000 in Cross Timbers, Missouri in the Ozarks. They have bred over 2,000 head of free range ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Maday, John (April 17, 2012). "Protect the Harvest". Cattle Network. Retrieved August 6 ... Simmental cattle reared on fescue, on a strict culling strategy, with an emphasis on structural soundness and other high ...
... shares for selected other commodities were: sugar beets, 82%; milk, 60%; cotton, 33%; cattle, 10%; soybeans ...
Annie Cattle. For political services in County Durham. Edwin Hugh Chambers, Divisional Officer, Hertfordshire Fire Brigade. ... Donald Gordon, Herdsman of Hereford Cattle. (Marden.) James Frederick Gorrod, Flight Foreman, Westland Aircraft Co. Ltd., White ...
"Overlanding Cattle". The West Australian. Perth. 15 June 1920. p. 7. Retrieved 30 March 2014 - via National Library of ... Together the leases occupied an area of 304,000 acres (123,024 ha) and were carrying 3,200 sheep, 100 cattle and 40 horses. ... By 1920 Copley, who also owned Mount Barnett Station in the Kimberley region, would overland cattle from Mount Barnett the ... Since acquiring Karbar the company has started to convert the property infrastructure to run cattle. List of ranches and ...
Livestock farming produced commodities from chicken 597,497; duck 101,252; swine 16,732; cattle 3,540; buffalo 1,736; goat ...
Bali cattle are a domestic subspecies originated in Indonesia. The Bali cattle are one of the few species of true cattle that ... The cattle are also very susceptible to Jembrana disease, which was first described in the cattle in 1964. The population of ... The Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domesticus) also known as Balinese cattle are a domesticated form of the Javan banteng. Bali ... Mechanization and urbanization are making the cattle redundant as draft animals, however. Meat from young Bali cattle is noted ...
... movie/cattle-empire-v86850 Cattle Empire at IMDb Cattle Empire at the TCM Movie Database Cattle Empire at AllMovie Cattle ... Cattle Empire is a 1958 Western DeLuxe Color movie in CinemaScope directed by Charles Marquis Warren, starring Joel McCrea and ... a brave cowboy/ex-con hits the dusty trail as the leader of a major cattle drive. He is offered the job by the very townspeople ...
This cattle-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Preta_cattle&oldid=654283081" ...
Cattle tyrants feed on insects, mostly from the ground. It may follow cattle or other large animals for some distance, catching ... a b c d e Mobley, J. (2017). Cattle Tyrant (Machetornis rixosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & ... The cattle tyrant (Machetornis rixosa) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is the only member ... Cattle tyrants build bulky nests or steal the nests of rufous-fronted thornbirds. 3 to 4 eggs are laid and incubated for 14 ...
cattle (countable and uncountable, plural cattle) (usually used as plural). *Domesticated bovine animals (cows, bulls, steers ... Occasionally "cattle" may be found in singular use:. *First I saw the mandible, which looked a bit like a strange-shaped cattle ... How many cattle?. There is no singular generic word for "cattle", apart from archaic neat. Gendered words such as "bull" and " ... For usage examples of this term, see Citations:cattle.. Synonyms[edit]. *(domesticated bovine animals): neat, Bos (scientific) ...
In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, ... Some cattle are naturally hornless. Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly ... The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. Domestic cattle were first brought to the ... of Agriculture; A. L. Neumann and K. S. Lusby, Beef Cattle (8th ed. 1986); V. Porter, Cattle (1992). ...
You can just barely see the electrical line and red post tips in front of the cattle. Cattle are natural comfortable at such ... This is a high density mob of cattle that is quickly progressing to new grass. ...
Cattle powered agricultural work[edit]. Working on a Field[edit]. Plowing, Pflügen[edit]. *. ... 2 Cattle powered agricultural work *2.1 Working on a Field *2.1.1 Plowing, Pflügen ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cattle&oldid=321372677" ...
Directed by Stormi Maya. With Stormi Maya, Yhicey Nicole Hawt, Jahaira Nieves, Danny Worthy Boards. A secret cannibalistic cult kidnaps women and devours them for their black magic rituals . Adisa, a young powerful black woman refuses to stay victim to the cult and fights to escape their dark lair. The masked monsters are ruthless yet weak compared to Adisas will to live.
9.5.8.3 Backyard Cattle Farming in Batangas and the Bakahang Barangay Cattle Fattening Scheme ... Intercropping and grazing cattle under coconuts have long been practised in many tropical countries. The introduction of ... Traditionally cattle have been used as sweepers or brushers, keeping the grass and weeds short, preventing excessive ... This book examines in detail some pasture-cattle-coconut systems and provides up-to-date information on the nature of the ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico) ... Cattle Importation This USDA website will not be updated during a lapse in federal funding. Content on this website will not be ... Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are ... You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a ...
... domestic cattle, domestic cow, Cattle (en); بقرة (ar); buwch, buchod (cy); Bos taurus taurus (oc) ... Red Angus cattle at Till Farm in Orangeburg) 20191022-OSEC-LSC-1089.jpg 3,822 × 2,026; 2.17 MB. ... Media in category "Cattle". The following 200 files are in this category, out of 675 total. ... गाई (dty); Nautgripur (is); lembu (ms); Хъуг (os); cattle (en-gb); ڈنگر (pnb); گائے (ur); tur domáci (sk); корова (uk); тракс ( ...
Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. By the 1850s, ... Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. ... Cattle have been domesticated for at least 10,000 years. ... Intro To The Cattle Crush The cattle crush makes it possible to ... "live cattle," the industry term for fully grown cattle. Live cattle are another commodity that can be traded (see the "Live ...
... see Brahman cattle. Source for information on Charbray cattle: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. dictionary. ... www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/charbray-cattle ... www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/charbray-cattle ... "Charbray cattle ." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. . . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2019 ,https://www.encyclopedia.com,. ...
... see Shorthorn cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King ... breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows ( ... Santa Gertrudis cattle. Santa Gertrudis cattle, breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows (see Shorthorn ... cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch in S ...
... any of several varieties of cattle originating in India and crossbred in the United States with improved beef breeds, producing ... recognized forms of cow: the zebu or humped cattle from eastern Asia (. B. taurus indicus. ) and cattle without humps (. B. ... of Phase 1B, cattle (apparently Bos indicus. , the Indian humped variety) had come to predominate over game animals, as well as ... Indian cattle were first imported into the Western Hemisphere in the mid-19th century. The Gir, Gujarat, and Nellore varieties ...
cattle. Title (Click to Sort) Fact Sheet Number Tags Scoring Cows Can Improve Profits ANR-54 beef, cattle, reproduction, body ...
... (1-Jun-2006). Director: Martin Guigui. Writer: Martin Guigui. Music Composer: Cody Westheimer. Producer: Josi W. ...
Information for veterinarians about vaccination of cattle against brucellosis. ... Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection ... Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis in cattle.. B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed ... Veterinarians and other medical staff performing immunizations in cattle should be aware of the risks and what to do when an ...
Full text is unavailable for this digitized archive article. Subscribers may view the full text of this article in its original form through TimesMachine ...
This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. It is portable, it keeps ... Automatic Cattle Water Tank, Homemade Easy To Move - Duration: 1:52. Joseph Lewis 42,818 views ... This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. It is portable, it keeps ... Feed your cattle the easy way - Duration: 29:17. AgSmartTV 43,181 views ...
See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for All My Cattle. ... Cattle management software written by folks that have cattle! Full user manual available on Help tab. ... Cattle management software written by folks that have cattle! Full user manual available on Help tab. ...
Cattle Rustler (20) U.s. Marshal (20) Cattle (19) Death Of Father (19) Western Music (19) Barfly (18) Outlaw Gang (18) Father ... Cattle Ranch (45) B Movie (44) Duplicity (44) Gang Leader (43) Stock Footage (42) Song (41) Singer (37) Deceit (36) Gunfire (35 ... Cattle Rancher (24) Fistfight (24) Gunfight (24) Ranch (24) Singing Cowboy (24) Violence (24) Bartender (23) Cigarette Smoking ... Cattle Rustling Held At Gunpoint (93) Damsel In Distress (74) Deception (73) Henchman (62) Murder (54) B Western (53) Gang ...
However, certain wild bovids are sometimes called cattle as well. (See also artiodactyl; ... The animals most often called cattle are the domesticated bovids raised for meat, milk, and leather or as beasts of burden. ... cattle. Cattle. , domesticated bovine farm animals that are raised for their meat, milk, or hides or for draft purposes. The ... domestic cattle. domestic cattle breeds (Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and hybrids). *. Angus ...
beef cattle. Title (Click to Sort) Fact Sheet Number Tags The Beef Showman: Will You Be an Asset or a Liability? ANR-18 ...
CHICAGO CATTLE MARKET. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ... CHICAGO CATTLE MARKET.. MAY 28, 1874. Continue reading the main ...
Grazing cattle display animal magnetism. Bodies align to north-south axis. By Lester Haines 26 Aug 2008 at 09:46 ... Researchers have explained why cattle will tend to face the same direction when grazing - a behaviour long known to herdsmen ...
All hat and no cattle.. *1999, Randy Newman, "Big Hat, No Cattle", from the album Bad Love, ASIN B00000J7R4, Uses variation of ... all hat and no cattle *(US, idiomatic) Full of big talk but lacking action, power, or substance; pretentious. *1980, Patricia ... Theres an old Texas saying about a cowboy who was "all hat and no cattle." That is, he was all show and no substance.. ... We expect a leader to be effective in his job, not just a public relations artist who is "all hat and no cattle.". ...
This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced.. AEDT = Australian Eastern Daylight Savings Time which is 11 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). ...
Australian Cattle Dog information including personality, history, grooming, pictures, videos, and the AKC breed standard. ... About the Australian Cattle Dog. Standing between 17 to 20 inches at the shoulder, the Australian Cattle Dog is a sturdy, hard- ... Australian Cattle Dog. The compact but muscular Australian Cattle Dog, also called Blue Heeler or Queensland Heeler, is related ... This was prime territory for the raising of beef cattle. In re-creating these wild areas as cattle ranches, good herding dogs ...
  • It usually takes about four to five months to transform from feeder cattle to "live cattle," the industry term for fully grown cattle. (investopedia.com)
  • Live cattle are another commodity that can be traded (see the "Live Cattle" section of this tutorial). (investopedia.com)
  • Live Cattle futures traded with a wide range and choppy. (benzinga.com)
  • June Live Cattle was trading at 151.10, up 0.85. (benzinga.com)
  • Live-cattle futures on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange settled 2.4% higher at $1.1752 a pound, a record. (wsj.com)
  • February live-cattle futures closed down 1.5 cents, or 1.7 percent, at 89.175 cents a pound. (marketwatch.com)
  • April live cattle is trading at 115.32, down 1.17 cents/lb. (benzinga.com)
  • Live cattle futures are trading at session lows after showing a firm trade early in the day. (benzinga.com)
  • Between January and April, the ratio of messages to orders filled in the Live Cattle futures market decreased by 15 percent, while overall volume was relatively unchanged. (cmegroup.com)
  • CME June live cattle fell 1 cent to 82.925 cents per pound. (reuters.com)
  • Lean hog contracts and live cattle contracts will trade with expanded limits of 5.5 cents and 4.5 cents, respectively, on Friday after some deferred contracts posted limit moves on Thursday. (reuters.com)
  • Cattle bears saw a second straight day of vindication, with the December live cattle trading off as much as 4.375 from last week's new contract high. (agweb.com)
  • Feeder cattle" are weaned calves raised to be between 600-800 pounds. (investopedia.com)
  • This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. (youtube.com)
  • January feeder cattle closed down 1.5 cents, or 1.6 percent, at 93.725 cents a pound. (marketwatch.com)
  • August feeder cattle futures fell 0.825 cent to 126.375 cents per pound. (reuters.com)
  • January feeder cattle were under pressure today but finished the session off of the lows. (agweb.com)
  • On the cracked earth, hundreds of cattle wander in search of the last drinking hole or that rare blade of grass. (yahoo.com)
  • see Brahman cattle . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Santa Gertrudis cattle, breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows (see Shorthorn cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch in S Texas, in the early 1900s. (infoplease.com)
  • Brahman , also called zebu , any of several varieties of cattle originating in India and crossbred in the United States with improved beef breeds, producing the hardy beef animal known as the American Brahman. (britannica.com)
  • There are five cows and a calf in that herd of cattle . (wiktionary.org)
  • In referring to domestic cattle a grown male is a bull, a grown female a cow, an infant a calf, and an animal between one and two years old a yearling. (infoplease.com)
  • During the same period, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska accounted for 16% of the nation's approximately 985,000 cattle operations and 21% of the nation's cattle and calf herd ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Cattle are our lives," she says, pulling a calf off its mother's teats and roping it to a wooden peg. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The offspring of cattle is a calf (plural calves ). (conservapedia.com)
  • Sizable beef inventories and sluggish retail demand drove cattle futures prices lower Thursday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. (latimes.com)
  • The prices of U.S. cattle futures soared to all-time highs on strong export demand and on expectations that beef supplies will decline later in the year. (wsj.com)
  • SAN FRANCISCO (CBS.MW) -- Cattle futures closed at their maximum lows Wednesday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange as news of a mad-cow-disease discovery in Washington state prompted several countries to ban imports of U.S. beef. (marketwatch.com)
  • CHICAGO, April 23 (Reuters) - CME Group hog futures rose on Thursday while cattle futures eased as traders struggled to assess the long-term demand impacts of the global coronavirus pandemic. (reuters.com)
  • Satanic Planet's debut album will also feature Travis Ryan (Cattle Decapitation) and Jung Sing. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • This week's Notable Releases include crossover thrashers Red Death, death metal lifers Cattle Decapitation, rising rap crew Griselda, and more. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • From Bob Dylan to Beach Rats, from Judy Collins to Cattle Decapitation, from A$AP Rocky to Ana Gasteyer, here are nearly 30 shows to go see over the long Thanksgiving Weekend in NYC. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • More than 90% of the national cattle herd is found in the traditional sector, in which over 95% of the cattle originate from the small East African Zebu (EAZ) known as the Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu (TSZ). (fao.org)
  • There are over 60 breeds of cattle worldwide, including the Brahmin, Zebu, and Hereford. (conservapedia.com)
  • The cattle tyrant ( Machetornis rixosa ) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bali cattle are one of the few species of true cattle that did not descend from the extinct aurochs. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a particular whale species isn't endangered, then there's not a blind bit of difference between butchering them or cattle. (wiktionary.org)
  • The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. (infoplease.com)
  • Unlike other herons and egrets, this species typically feeds in dry fields, often following cattle (or other animals) and waiting for them to flush insects into view. (audubon.org)
  • The research team put together a package of technologies for on-farm introduction (in Berege village) and evaluation and it included improved Mpwapwa breed of cattle, improved forage species, intensive feed gardens, conservation and utilisation of crop residues, disease control and dual-purpose legumes. (fao.org)
  • Levitt said many cash-starved cattle producers are liquidating a larger share of their herd, a factor that may thin slaughter numbers and boost prices several months down the road. (latimes.com)
  • On this island, Geryon kept a herd of red cattle guarded by Cerberus's brother, Orthus, a two-headed hound, and the herdsman Eurytion. (tufts.edu)
  • The stealing of the cattle was not such a difficult task, compared to the trouble Hercules had bringing the herd back to Greece. (tufts.edu)
  • She sent a gadfly to attack the cattle, and the herd scattered far and wide. (tufts.edu)
  • Then, he brought the cattle of Geryon to Eurystheus, who sacrificed the herd to Hera. (tufts.edu)
  • During droughts, fear of mass cattle starvation drives pastoralists to sell animals at low prices in a buyers' market, or risk losing most of their herd to starvation. (treehugger.com)
  • One year later the first list of pedigree Highland cattle was produced and the Herd Book has been published every year since. (easyfundraising.org.uk)
  • Piston Enterprise OpenStack is a system for managing your servers like cattle -- you number them, and when they get sick and you have to shoot them in the head, the herd can keep moving. (ycombinator.com)
  • The country has 12.5 million head of cattle, 6.5 million goats and 3.1 million sheep (MALD, 1984). (fao.org)
  • The Australian live-export industry has shipped more than 6.5 million head of cattle to Indonesia for slaughter over the last 20 years. (bbc.co.uk)
  • in the 18th century it is estimated to have carried off more than 200 million head of cattle in Europe, exclusive of Siberia and Tartary. (google.com)
  • Bali cattle have been introduced to East Timor, Java, Malaysia and Australia as livestock, and account for about one fourth of the total cattle population of Indonesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reporting from Sacramento - Standing inside the livestock pavilion at the California State Fair, where cattle lowed and city folks stared, James Vietheer held his breath as he spritzed rose-scented oil onto his prize Black Angus bull. (latimes.com)
  • But show jocks like Vietheer and Hansen are particularly prized because in the world of livestock economics, cattle is king: A winning bull, sold for breeding, can easily command six figures. (latimes.com)
  • To reduce the risk for death from cattle-caused injuries, farmers and ranchers should be aware of and follow recommended practices for safe livestock-handling facilities and proper precautions for working with cattle, especially cattle that have exhibited aggressiveness. (cdc.gov)
  • For thousands of years the pastoralist communities of northern Kenya have herded their cattle alongside elephants and zebras, the grass of the rangelands shared between livestock and wildlife in relative balance. (treehugger.com)
  • Current efforts to control fever ticks along the quarantine line include a partial tick control barrier fence, livestock movement quarantines, and tick treatments for cattle and deer. (usda.gov)
  • CME Group is working directly with NCBA to ensure this working group continues to represent a broad cross-section of the cattle industry to better understand the industry's concerns and further enhance CME livestock markets for those who use them for hedging and price discovery. (cmegroup.com)
  • The livestock transportation industry in Australia has done a lot to help minimise stress, with purpose built trailers designed to improve animal comfort during on-road transport, but there's always room for improvement throughout the transportation and handling process for cattle. (edu.au)
  • One half of the unit has cattle sheds to house bulls or cows and calves. (usask.ca)
  • Thankfully, it was rescued by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust in 1980, and the interest in extensively lean grass fed cattle, and has made a dramatic comeback. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • The TSZ cattle are characterised by low production coefficients compared with exotic cattle ( Bos taurus ) breeds. (fao.org)
  • Since the FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper Number 91 - "Pastures and Cattle under Coconuts" - was published in 1988 there have been considerable developments in terms of research carried out, publications and workshops and seminars. (fao.org)
  • Cattle came off ranges and pastures to be slaughtered after eating hay, wheat shoots, alfalfa, or the plentiful mesquite, brome and buffalo grasses of the western plains and prairies. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The victims' most common activities at the time of death were working with and treating cattle in enclosed spaces such as pens and chutes (n = 7) and moving or sorting cattle toward pens, barns, or pastures (n = 5). (cdc.gov)
  • Express yourself with unique and affordable Coffee Mugs and Cattle Rancher Mugs from CafePress. (cafepress.com)
  • Our ceramic Cattle Rancher Mugs are microwave safe, top shelf dishwasher safe, and have easy to hold grip handles. (cafepress.com)
  • While we don't carry porcelain coffee mugs, our ceramic Cattle Rancher Mugs are an excellent substitution to your kitchen for sipping a hot drink of coffee, hot tea, or hot chocolate in the morning or winter evenings. (cafepress.com)
  • Whether you want to express your funny side with humorous Cattle Rancher Mugs, share your love of a favorite movie or tv show with a pop culture latte mug, design some 15 oz custom Cattle Rancher Mugs for a special occasion, or create a personalized ceramic mega mug to brew tea in for that favorite person in your life, we've got you covered. (cafepress.com)
  • If by some chance we don't have the trending topic, occasion, or event you are after available on our Cattle Rancher Mugs, we even allow you to create a design from scratch using our fast and easy custom designer . (cafepress.com)
  • Promote something special about yourself or your family with a custom coffee or travel mug from our high quality selection of Cattle Rancher Mugs. (cafepress.com)
  • What are you waiting for, enjoy what makes life special, celebrate your individuality, or embrace your creative itch with our unique high quality Cattle Rancher Mugs! (cafepress.com)
  • In my experience it's worse than ever, in the past at least the cattle was surviving," said rancher McDonald Modise eyeing a carcass of one of his cows, which had died the previous day. (yahoo.com)
  • Ms. Prattus's grandfather was a cattle rancher. (npr.org)
  • Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Cattle ranchers in Nebraska are increasingly turning to goats to get rid of their weed problems. (treehugger.com)
  • Referred to as " walking weed eaters ", the North Platte Telegram reported this morning that cattle will bypass the weeds for the grass, but the goats will go straight for the weeds - eating, trampling and fertilizing the entire pasture. (treehugger.com)
  • The temptation of a lone white man was too great for any gathering of myall -natives, and sheep-fat and cattle -steak seemed there for the spearing, so that a stockman always ran the risk of attack, especially if his shepherds interfered with the native women. (wiktionary.org)
  • However, it's been known for some time that while cattle and sheep turn as much as 10 percent of their food into methane, the Tammar Wallaby produces only 1 percent to 2 percent. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer 2017. (microsoft.com)
  • Bali cattle were an important source of meat and were used for plowing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meat from young Bali cattle is noted for being exceptionally tender. (wikipedia.org)
  • uncountable , rare ) Used in restricted contexts to refer to the meat derived from cattle. (wiktionary.org)
  • Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. (investopedia.com)
  • The increased cost and added work that goes into the raising of Belgian Blue cattle leads to higher valued cuts of meat. (redorbit.com)
  • According to meat producers, tens of thousands of cattle have died or are being culled due to the drought. (yahoo.com)
  • If we can identify the factors that contribute to live weight loss and energy deficiency in cattle during the transportation process, perhaps we can come up with strategies to minimise stress, and improve meat quality and shelf life," Dr Parker said. (edu.au)
  • Sales of slaughter cattle are reported at local auctions. (usda.gov)
  • Microbiologist Schmitz-Esser analysed stomach samples from slaughter cattle. (eurekalert.org)
  • There are around 10 million cattle in the UK, most of which are reared for either beef (beef cows) or milk production (dairy cows). (vegsoc.org)
  • Should they keep sending their children to cattle camp -- where they learn to brand, milk and deliver cows -- or shift their sights toward classrooms and literacy? (washingtonpost.com)
  • On their way to milk the cows, Alanitch and her friends pass family corrals full of cattle, each with a hut on stilts in the center. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Cattle are large domesticated animals reared for beef or leather or kept to produce milk . (conservapedia.com)
  • Guernsey cattle, breed of dairy cattle developed on the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, and Sark near the north coast of France. (factmonster.com)
  • in many parts of the world, such as India-home to the world's largest cattle population- most cattle are used for dairy or as work animals . (ucsusa.org)
  • Dairy Cattle Ornaments make for brilliantly simple gifts in the present, and promise to be meaningful keepsakes for memories in the years to come. (cafepress.com)
  • Bali cattle are a domestic subspecies originated in Indonesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • JCU researchers are looking at ways to maintain live weight in cattle during inter-island transportation in Indonesia. (edu.au)
  • Australia has some of the same issues as Indonesia, as the cattle in North Queensland are required to be transported at some stage in their life," Dr Parker said. (edu.au)
  • The Australian government has suspended the live export of cattle to 11 abattoirs in Indonesia, after a TV documentary showed brutal treatment of animals at the facilities. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Independent MP Andrew Wilkie said he would immediately introduce a bill to ban the live export of cattle to Indonesia completely. (bbc.co.uk)
  • We have cattle going to Indonesia which are being mistreated by numerous slaughterhouses on a scale that proves it is a systemic problem, not only in Indonesia. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Cattle fever is a severe and often fatal disease of cattle transmitted by cattle fever ticks, Rhipicephalus (= Boophilus ) annulatus , and southern cattle ticks, R. microplus . (usda.gov)
  • To combat fever ticks, APHIS created the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program (CFTEP) in 1906. (usda.gov)
  • With the help of mounted patrol inspectors (also known as tick riders) and systematic quarantines, the CFTEP eradicated cattle fever and cattle fever ticks from the continental United States in 1943, with the exception of a permanent quarantine "buffer" zone between Texas and Mexico-a country where these ticks remain well established. (usda.gov)
  • Ten of the 21 fatalities involved attacks by individual bulls, six involved attacks by individual cows, and five involved multiple cattle. (cdc.gov)
  • you'll hear in his own words what he thought about his farms and his cattle. (youtube.com)
  • The Sustainable Beef Cattle Systems Research Group conducts research at institutional facilities and also private ranches, feedlots, and farms. (usask.ca)
  • The longhorn has good longevity and they are able to keep breeding past usual cattle age. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • The cattle are also very susceptible to Jembrana disease, which was first described in the cattle in 1964. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through this new and careful selection of cattle he improved the size and quality of this breed, which became widely produced throughout England and Ireland, until it was surpassed by the Shorthorn in the 1800's. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • It was developed in the 1800s by crossbreeding local cattle with a Shorthorn breed from the United Kingdom . (redorbit.com)
  • Others are ranchers such as Vietheer and Hansen, who primp their own cattle, and occasionally handle other people's animals for $100 a day and all the fair food they can stomach. (latimes.com)
  • The Belgian Blue is a breed of beef cattle originating in Belgium. (redorbit.com)
  • Battle Cattle is a miniature game made by Wingnut Games which focuses on cow-to-cow combat . (everything2.com)
  • The Tammar Wallaby's digestive system is getting agricultural researchers excited, after researchers from Australia's science agency CSIRO found its gut generates far lower methane emissions than cattle. (theregister.co.uk)
  • This does not mean that beef produced in these regions has no global warming impact: the digestive systems of cattle emit large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide -powerful global warming pollutants-no matter what kind of land they occupy. (ucsusa.org)
  • This is a high density mob of cattle that is quickly progressing to new grass. (google.com)
  • For over a decade, the Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) has worked with the communities of Northern Kenya to develop community conservancies that support better management of cattle and grass. (treehugger.com)
  • Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List ). (usda.gov)
  • They are cattle fitters, or "show jocks" in circuit slang, beauticians to the bovine set. (latimes.com)
  • Cattle are susceptible to bovine spongiform encephalopathy , which when humans eat infected cows, they get CJD. (conservapedia.com)
  • For all their efficiency, huge cattle feedlots such as this one are under attack as wasteful and possible uneconomic - as symbols, in fact, of an era of American agricultural abundance and luxury that may be passing. (washingtonpost.com)
  • And the number of cattle fattened in feedlots nearly doubled from 7 million head to over 12 million. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Analysts were expecting the amount of cattle in U.S. feedlots as of April 1 to be 95% of a year earlier, according to the average of estimates in a Reuters poll. (reuters.com)
  • books.google.com - Cattle Plague: A History is the most comprehensive general study of the history of cattle plague or rinderpest yet attempted, of which there has not been a book in English since 1866. (google.com)
  • The very possession of cattle implied great wealth. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • However, the possession of cattle must also have been from earliest times an important social marker. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Hansen's father, Mel, spent a lifetime as a ranch manager in California, fitting cattle and winning enough shows to paper his dining room walls with victory banners. (latimes.com)
  • Although O157:H7 is pathogenic in humans, it can colonise the digestive tract of cattle without triggering any clinical signs, referred to as healthy carriage. (inra.fr)
  • The phrase " head of cattle" may be used without regard for gender. (wiktionary.org)
  • He sold 50 head of cattle last year. (wiktionary.org)
  • In the first four months of this year, 357 thousand head of cattle were imported into the Netherlands, a 15 percent increase relative to the first four months of 2007. (cbs.nl)
  • this number has multiplied to over 70 head of cattle. (fao.org)
  • Tuesday's USDA Cattle slaughter was 114,000 head versus a year ago at 120,000 head. (benzinga.com)
  • The Texas Animal Health Commission says the test will involve about 100 producers and about 80-thousand head of cattle. (kbtx.com)
  • In exchange for conservancies achieving specific targets in conservation, LTM buys cattle directly from the conservancies, purchasing several hundred head at a time from dozens of households. (treehugger.com)
  • If you have 10,000 head of cattle, don't bother. (ycombinator.com)
  • Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. (investopedia.com)
  • Usually forages in flocks in dry fields, very often in association with grazing animals -- usually cattle or horses in North America, but on other continents also elephants, camels, zebras, deer, many others. (audubon.org)
  • And in much of the world, beef cattle are raised in regions that are not heavily forested, such as the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa or the high plains of North America. (ucsusa.org)
  • In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, and pecuniary is derived from pecus [Lat. (infoplease.com)
  • Believe it or not Big Mac is one of the ultra radicals who provide fast food cattle burgers to interstate vehicles who drive all over the place providing scraps for rats, cats, flies, etc, so that the Mad Cow Disease might spread even faster than it would otherwise do. (wiktionary.org)
  • Cattle burgers. (wiktionary.org)
  • The United Kingdom accounts for 6 percent of total cattle imports, but recently imports from the UK have slowed down dramatically: in the first four months of 2008, cattle imports from the UK plummeted by 28 percent relative to the same period last year. (cbs.nl)
  • Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly from the aurochs, a large European wild ox domesticated during the Stone Age, extinct since 1627. (infoplease.com)
  • Domestic cattle were first brought to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus on his second voyage. (infoplease.com)
  • By the early 1800s, population growth in the U.S. triggered the growth of the commercial cattle industry, which took advantage of the Western frontier's open landscape. (investopedia.com)
  • Many of these commercial cattle fattening operations set up in dry southwestern states such as Taxas and Arizona rather than in Iowa and Illinois where animals often lost weight slogging through the Corn Belt's winter mud. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The temperament of the Bali cattle is timid and deer-like, making them suitable for plowing rice paddy fields, but their hooves are too soft to pull cargo on paved roads. (wikipedia.org)
  • CME Group values its relationship with the cattle community and is committed to helping producers and commercial firms manage their risk. (cmegroup.com)
  • I remember the cattle steaks of the old days, the juicy pork, the dripping joints of lamb, the venison. (wiktionary.org)
  • Compared to banteng, Bali cattle are smaller, demonstrate less obvious sexual dimorphism, have smaller horns, and have less developed withers. (wikipedia.org)
  • A computer calculates daily feed rations of corn, silage, wheat, hormones, vitamins and supplements for the cattle in each pen, according to the age, weight and condition of the animals. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Corn is the "food of choice for cattle," said Hultman. (marketwatch.com)
  • It may follow cattle or other large animals for some distance, catching flushed prey, or even hitch rides on these animals, and then snatching flushed prey with a quick sally-flight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mechanization and urbanization are making the cattle redundant as draft animals, however. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the animals themselves, "cattle" is normally only used in the plural. (wiktionary.org)
  • George Washington's Black Cattle" is the first installment of our four part series called "George's Farm Animals," which is set in the fascinating period between the Revolutionary War and George's first term as president. (youtube.com)
  • Cattle are among the most important domesticated animals. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed specifically for immunization of cattle against brucellosis to allow serological differentiation between naturally infected and vaccinated animals. (cdc.gov)
  • Cattle and the slaughtering of single animals are an important part of the tomb decoration in all periods. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Painful gastritis and ulcers can occur in the abomasa of cattle, potentially weakening the animals, leading to perforations of the stomach and possibly even to cases of death," first author Alexandra Hund explains. (eurekalert.org)
  • Once the cattle are purchased, NRT treks the animals to Lewa Conservancy, a partner NGO. (treehugger.com)