Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.
A species of Trypanosome hemoflagellates that is carried by tsetse flies and causes severe anemia in cattle. These parasites are also found in horses, sheep, goats, and camels.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.
A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
The consumption of edible substances.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) clotting activity in human plasma in health and disease in various animal plasmas. (1/57984)

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) is an agent in normal human plasma that corrects the impaired in vitro surface-mediated plasma reactions of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and kinin generation observed in Fitzgerald trait plasma. To assess the possible pathophysiologic role of Fitzgerald factor, its titer was measured by a functional clot-promoting assay. Mean +/- SD in 42 normal adults was 0.99+/-0.25 units/ml, one unit being the activity in 1 ml of normal pooled plasma. No difference in titer was noted between normal men and women, during pregnancy, or after physical exercise. Fitzgerald factor activity was significantly reduced in the plasmas of eight patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis (0.40+/-0.09 units/ml) and of ten patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (0.60+/-0.30 units/ml), but was normal in plasmas of patients with other congenital clotting factor deficiencies, nephrotic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or sarcoidosis, or under treatment with warfarin. The plasmas of 21 mammalian species tested appeared to contain Fitzgerald factor activity, but those of two avian, two repitilian, and one amphibian species did not correct the coagulant defect in Fitzgerald trait plasmas.  (+info)

Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (2/57984)

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar.  (+info)

Phagocytic acitivity of bovine leukocytes during pregnancy. (3/57984)

The phagocytic competence, measured as the total number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes per mm3 which phagocytosed Staphylococcus aureus, strain 321, in vitro, was determined in eight cows during complete pregnancies. Such leukocytes are referred to as "Active PMN'S". There was a gradual decline in the number of these cells from conception to a minimum between the 16th and 20th weeks of pregnancy, followed by a steady increase to the cessation of lactation when a marked drop occurred, after which there was an increase to a maximun during the second week prepartum. From this maximum there was a rapid decrease to an absolute minimum during the first week after parturition. From the second week postpartum there was a gradual increase to conception. The correlation coefficient (r) of number of active PMN'S with time before conception was -0.474 )p-0.01). There were significant differences (p=0.01) in numbers of active PMNS Among the eight cows. It was found that the cows fell into two groups, one whose members had, overall, significantly more active PMNs (p=0.001) than those in the second group. The between cow differences may have been due to 1) age, since the cows with the highest numbers of circulating active PMNs were younger than those in the other group of 2) the combined stress of pregnancy and lactation, as those cows which were both pregnant and milking had the lowest numbers of active PMNs.  (+info)

The indirect hemagglutination test for the detection of antibodies in cattle naturally infected mycoplasmas. (4/57984)

Stable mycoplasma antigens for the indirect hemagglutination test (IHA) were prepared employing glutaraldehyde treated sheep erythrocytes sensitized with Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis and Mycoplasma bovigenitalium antigens. Employing these antigens mycoplasma antibodies were detected in sera from cattle which had mastitic symptoms due to natural infection with either M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. A total of 200 cows from four herds were examined at varying intervals for the presence of M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and for the detection of antibody using growth inhibition and IHA tests. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 37 animals. Growth inhibiting antibody was detected from 56 of the 200 animals. In the IHA tests, antibody titer greater than or equal to 1:80 were detected in 148 animals, 76 of these having antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:160, while sera of 116 normal control animals had no growth inhibiting antibody and none had IHA antibody titers greater than 1:40. M. bovigenitalium was isolated from the milk of three of 26 animals in a fifth herd during an outbreak of mastitis. Growth inhibiting antibodies were demonstrated in the sera of ten of the 26 animals. However, the IHA test detected antibody titers of greater than or equal to 1:160 in 13 animals and of 1:80 in one of the 26 animals. To determine the specificity of the IHA tests, M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens were reacted with rabbit hyperimmune typing sera produced against 12 species of bovine mycoplasmatales. Homologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of 1:1280 and 1:2560 against M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium respectively, whereas heterologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of less than or equal to 1:20. Also eight type-specific bovine antisera were reacted with M agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens in homologous and heterologous tests. Homoogous reactions showed IHA antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:320, whereas heterologous reactions showed IHA titers of less than or equal to 1:20. This IHA test promises to be useful for the detection of bovine mycoplasma antibodies in sera from cattle infected with M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. Thes test is sensitive, reproducible and specific and the technique is relatively simple and rapid. The antigens were stable for at least seven months.  (+info)

Experimental production of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of serological and immunological responses using pili fractions of Moraxella bovis. (5/57984)

The effect of vaccinating cattle and mice on the development of keratoconjunctivitis was studied. Cattle were vaccinated with whole cells, disrupted cells and pili fractions of three strains of Moraxella bovis. Mice were vaccinated with pili fractions of three strains. The resistance of all vaccinated animals was challenged with virulent cultures of M. bovis. In an attempt to correlate the response seen after vaccination and challenge with a pili fraction of M. bovis, vaccinated cattle and mice were grouped on the basis of signs of disease manifested and compared on the basis of serological responses. Serum samples were tested for antibodies by a gel diffusion precipitin test. A greater number of the sera of resistant cattle had antibodies to the homologous pili antigen than those of vaccinated nonresistant cattle. Cattle vaccinated with disrupted cells were not resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to challenge exposure by homologous than heterologous cultures. A greater number of the sera of resistant mice had antibodies to pili antigens than nonresistant mice.  (+info)

Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals. (6/57984)

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

Bovine mastitis in Ontario due to Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis. (7/57984)

Bovine mastitis caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis was first diagnosed in 16 of 55 cows in an Ontario herd in Feburary 1972. A total of 182 of 598 (30.4%) cows from 33 of 64 (51.5%) farms in widely separated areas of the province were culturally positive. Herd incidence varied from 15 to 40% with one closed herd having an incidence of 61%. Four herds were investigated culturally and serologically by the growth inhibition test for 15 months. In the acute phase the organism was present in the milk in extremely high numbers and could still be isolated from a few cows after eight to 12 months. The sera from 89.5% of the animals with clinical mycoplasma mastitis produced a zone of surface "film" and/or colony inhibition and some cows remained positive for six to 12 months. The disease was experimentally reproduced with a pure culture of the organism isolated from the milk of a cow from one of the herds.  (+info)

Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia. (8/57984)

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

Taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus), also called European cattle, are a subspecies of domesticated cattle originating in the Near East. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. Most modern breeds of cattle are taurine cattle. Genetic research suggests the entire modern stock of taurine cattle may have arisen from as few as 80 aurochs tamed in the upper reaches of Mesopotamia about 10,500 years ago near the villages of Çayönü in southeastern Turkey and Djade el Mughara in northern Iraq. The genome sequence of the Hereford breed of taurine cattle was published by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium in 2009. Indicine cattle Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Bos taurus. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN ...
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No. of Report Pages: 102. Price (Single User Licence): $4000. Have any Query Regarding this Report? Contact us at: This Cattle Feed Sales Industry report also takes into account the past price of 2011-2015 and future price of 2016-2021 as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Cattle Feed Sales market forecasts. Additionally, the Cattle Feed Sales Market report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Cattle Feed Sales Market.. Several important topics included in the Cattle Feed Sales market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Cattle Feed Sales Market. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Cattle Feed Sales Industry. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Cattle Feed ...
Black Pied cattle refer to a range of some cattle breeds, including: Black Pied (Lowland): see Friesian cattle, group of breeds, and especially German Black Pied cattle Black Pied Aosta: see Aosta Black Pied cattle Black Pied Breton: see Breton Black Pied cattle Black Pied Danish: see Danish Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch: see Dutch Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch Friesian, Dutch Black Pied cattle free of Holstein blood Black Pied East Belgian: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Hervé: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Jutland: see Jutland Black Pied cattle Black Pied Podolian: see Podolian Black Pied cattle Black Pied Polders: see Polders Black Pied cattle Black Pied Valdostana: see Aosta Black Pied cattle see also Belgian Black Pied Czech Black Pied German Black Pied Dairy cattle Russian Black Pied, incl. Central Russian Black Pied Siberian Black Pied Ural Black Pied Swiss Black Pied (= Black Spotted): see Swiss Holstein Mason, Ian Lauder: A world dictionary of livestock ...
Texas British White Cattle Breeder - British White Cattle ranch in East Texas breeding for excellence in Grassfed British White cattle. All cattle dual registered with the BWCAA and the American British White Park Cattle Association. British White cattle are an ancient polled breed, long revered for their beauty, gentle disposition, and beef quality. This British White Cattle Ranch in SouthEast Texas is raising registered British White replacement heifers, bulls, and seedstock cows. British White cattle are noted for outstanding Fertility, Longevity, Milkiness, Calving Ease, Disposition, and Carcass. This Texas British White site offers indepth research into the history of the polled British White cow and the horned White Park breed, both referred to as Park cattle, White Forest cattle, Wild White Cattle, and White Park Cattle over the lapse of centuries of breeding and adoration by British White cattle breeders.
Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Everyone knows that reading Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies is effective, because we are able to get a lot of information from the resources. Facebook 17 Twitter 4 Linkedin 7 Pinterest 8 Email 23 Print 70. Prepare Fencing Before Cows Arrive . Book Condition: New. Paperback. Download PDF Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies. Ship out in 2 business day, And Fast shipping, Free Tracking number … Book Condition: new. FFHJM1WXB9XP » PDF » Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies Get eBook RAISING BEEF CATTLE FOR DUMMIES John Wiley and Sons Ltd. raising beef cattle for dummies Sep 21, 2020 Posted By Alistair MacLean Public Library TEXT ID 4315746e Online PDF Ebook Epub Library raiser the tools needed to increase the quantity and quality of your farms output and maintain a healthy herd raising beef cattle ...
Two separate domestication events gave rise to humped zebu cattle in India and humpless taurine cattle in the Fertile Crescent of the Near and Middle East. Iran covers the Eastern side of the Fertile Crescent and exhibits a variety of native cattle breeds, however, only little is known about the admixture patterns of Iranian cattle and their contribution to the formation of modern cattle breeds. Genome-wide data (700 k chip) of eight Iranian cattle breeds (Sarabi N = 19, Kurdi N = 7, Taleshi N = 7, Mazandarani N = 10, Najdi N = 7, Pars N = 7, Kermani N = 9, and Sistani N = 9) were collected from across Iran. For a local assessment, taurine (Holstein and Jersey) and indicine (Brahman) outgroup samples were used. For the global perspective, 134 world-wide cattle breeds were included. Between breed variation amongst Iranian cattle explained 60 % (p | 0.001) of the total molecular variation and 82.88 % (p | 0.001) when outgroups were included. Several migration edges were observed within the Iranian cattle
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wooden hutch space allowance influences male Holstein calf health, performance, daily lying time, and respiratory immunity. AU - Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.. AU - Hulbert, L. E.. AU - Fowler, A. L.. AU - Louie, A.. AU - Gershwin, Laurel J. AU - Pinkerton, Kent E. AU - Ballou, M. A.. AU - Klasing, K. C.. AU - Mitloehner, F. M.. PY - 2016/6/1. Y1 - 2016/6/1. N2 - Dairy calves in the western United States are commonly raised individually in wooden hutches with a space allowance of 1.23 m2/calf. Recent legislative initiatives in California and across the United States were passed regarding concern over space allowance for farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if rearing male Holstein calves in wooden hutches modified to increase space allowance would influence measures of performance, lying time per day, health, and respiratory immunocompetence. At 4 d of age, 60 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 housing treatments: (1) conventional housing (CONV; 1.23 m2/calf), ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Sale Gross - $444,450. $50,000 - Semen Syndicate - AHCC Earning Power 900E ET, 2/8/2017, 81% Limousin, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by MAGS Anchor, out of LVLS 9066U, purchased by Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo., members of the semen syndicate include: MR Limousin, Diamond Hill Cattle Company, ATAK Limousin, Buff Beef Cattle, 4-H Limousin, TTT Farms, Franseen Limousin, Venner Limousin, Graven Land & Cattle, Lakeside Limousin, Circle R Limousin, Beckman Livestock, Jones Brothers, Lewis Limousin and TMJ Cattle Company.. $15,500 - Bull - Lot 20, AHCC Endless Power 0901E ET, 3/4/2017, Lim-Flex, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by SAV Resource 1441, out of LVLS 9066U, syndicate consisting of Graven Land & Cattle, Lebanon, Mo.; Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo; Tubmill Creek Farms, New Florence, Pa.; Diamond Hill Cattle Company, Newcastle, Okla.; and Wulf Cattle, Morris, Minn. purchased this herd sire prospect.. $10,500 - Cow Family Package - Lot 107, package ...
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n=5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n=7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n=3), or both FF and cull cattle (n=2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety of phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1% and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4% and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1% and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5% and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%
Because of their native environment, the cattle are very hardy and can survive the Scottish winters, which are typically harsh, with snowfall and storms. Cows typically weigh 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) and bulls weigh 850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Calves are usually born smaller than is acceptable for the market, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is needed for veal production.. The cattle are naturally polled and black in colour. They typically mature earlier than other native British breeds such as the Hereford or North Devon. However, in the middle of the 20th century a new strain of cattle called the Red Angus emerged. The United States does not accept Red Angus cattle into herd books, while the UK and Canada do. Except for their colour genes, there is no genetic difference between black and red Angus, but they are regarded as different breeds in the US. However, there have been claims that black angus are more sustainable to cold weather, though unconfirmed.. The cattle have a large muscle ...
MGA® is a hormone material added to the ration of feedlot heifers. It improves rate of gain and feed utilization and suppresses estrus in feedlot heifers. Rate of gain was improved 10.3 percent and feed efficiency 6.5 percent in an average of 47 trials. MGA® may be combined with Rumensin or Bovatec in supplements or rations offered to heifers.. Bovatec® are feed additives that change rumen fermentation and improve the feed conversions of feedlot cattle by approximately 8 to 10 percent. Both are effective for steers and heifers fed growing or finishing rations. They give some protection against acidosis and founder when cattle are fed high-grain rations. Rumensin® has reduced feed intake with little change in rate of gain for cattle fed high-grain rations. Bovatec® has shown some improvement in daily gain for cattle fed high-energy rations.. Rumensin® has increased rate of gain and feed efficiency of cattle fed corn silage and other roughage rations. Cattle on pasture or those fed ...
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Cattle production follows a dynamic cycle that has often been analyzed, and cattle markets receive much scrutiny because of the potential for buyer market power. The relationship between the two has been little studied, however. This paper provides a simple conceptual framework to study how the cattle cycle and market concentration jointly affect the bargaining power of producers and packers yielding the following main results. Not surprisingly, a larger cattle stock reduces producers bargaining position, which results in a lower fed cattle price. More importantly, however, the cattle stocks negative effect on price is magnified by the market concentration in beef packing. Thus, the cycle itself is very importantly related to a posited cycle of bargaining power between cattle producers and beef packers. Secondly, the model also shows how beef packers may use the special feature of cattle as both consumption and capital goods to lower the cattle price by influencing cattle inventories. Crespi, John M.;
Facts about Red Angus Cattle, Just like the many other beef breed, the Red Angus Cattle began in Europe. It has all the attributes of Angus but with the addition of the red coat. The Red Angus Cattle excels for their temperament, carcass cha -
Cattle are large domesticated animals reared for beef or leather or kept to produce milk. The word cattle has no singular form, as the male bull and the female cow have markedly different temperaments. However, cattle are often referred to as cows, whether male or female. The offspring of cattle is a calf (plural calves). A castrated bull is called a bullock. During his sojourn in Haran, Jacob prospered while tending cattle for Laban. (Gen. 30:40) The female appears placid and contented and can be easily approached and milked, even by a child. The bull is considered dangerous and is typically penned up far away from any cows. Like many kinds of livestock their waste produces methane, an invisible and odorless gas, which liberals falsely maintain contributes to global warming. Cattle are susceptible to bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which when humans eat infected cows, they get CJD. CJD is a 100% fatal disease. All cows younger than 5 do not show symptoms of BSE. Cattle are slaughtered at 18 ...
Chlamydia spp. are obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria that cause a wide range of significant diseases in humans and animals worldwide, resulting in significant economic losses. Chlamydial infection in cattle has been reported in many countries including China. However, there has been no survey of chlamydial infection of dairy cattle in Guangzhou, southern China. The objective of the present investigation was to examine the chlamydial seroprevalence in dairy cattle in Guangzhou, subtropical southern China by using an indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). The overall seroprevalence of chlamydial infection in dairy cattle was 7.25% (29/400). Greater than or equal to eight-yr-old dairy cattle had the highest seroprevalence (10.34%), followed by those that were ≥ 6 years old or | 7 years old dairy cattle (10.20%), although there were no statistically significant differences among different groups (P | 0.05). Dairy cattle with 5 pregnancies had the highest seroprevalence (10.81%). These results
Cattle futures took the previous weeks bearish monthly Cattle on Feed report to start the week but then received another round of pressure from the crop-friendly quarterly Grain Stocks report.. Feeder Cattle futures took the brunt, along with cash prices, to a point, while stronger cash fed cattle prices provided underpinning.. Nationwide, steers and heifers sold from $2/cwt. lower to $2 higher, according to the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS).. Demand remains good for yearling cattle, with light to moderate demand for fresh calves, say AMS analysts. Bawling and un-weaned calves continue to see discounts and are much less desirable to buyers as is typical for this time of year. Buyers are quite willing to pay premiums for cattle if producers invest time in them and provide a documented health program.. Feeder Cattle futures closed an average of 72¢ lower week to week on Friday, with much of the pressure coming from higher grain prices.. Old crop corn stocks in all positions on Sept. 1 ...
Course topics include Basic Beef Cattle Production, Herd Management, Beef Quality Assurance, Cattle Evaluation, TAMU Horse Judging and more.
Differences in the mitochondrial respiratory activity of cattle muscle tissue during postmortem metabolism may have significant impacts on meat quality. For example, Angus beef is more tender than Brahman beef, but the reason for this difference is not well elucidated. It is therefore plausible to consider differences in the postmortem metabolism of muscle tissue, which in turn influence pH decline, may vary between cattle breeds, affecting meat quality.. The authors of this Journal of Animal Science study compared postmortem mitochondrial respiratory function of Angus and Brahman cattle, looking specifically at the Longissimus lumborum muscle. Muscle tissue was evaluated at two different temperatures (38.5 and 40.0 degrees Celsius), one-hour postmortem. The authors hypothesized that postmortem mitochondrial metabolism would differ by breed, possibly due to differences in the heat tolerance of each breed. Brahman cattle have better resilience to heat stress than Angus cattle.. The parameters ...
The worlds first genome study of indigenous African cattle shed light on new genes, diversity and even adaptation to the eco-system.. The so-called African Cattle Complex is considered an asset of the Africa economy and society. Also considered as walking larder, as a great source of food, milk, hides and manure. Cattle are also considered as status of power and status.. But the rich diversity of around 150 cattle breed facing many challenges like diseases, vector borne ailments, and climatic pressure.. Now, a team of international scientists led by Olivier Hanotte from the University of Nottingham have drafted the genomes of five important breeds of African cattle that revealed some amazing environmental adaptations, and new genetic makeup. The findings could help in better breeding future programs in the region.. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and Professor Heebal Kim from Seoul National University also played an important role in the genome ...
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Marshall and Ernst Windsor have run their herd of Hereford cows for almost 40 years now. Their operation is built around breeding and advancing genetics. Ernsts predilection is towards Herefords due to their sturdy build, adaptable nature, and their dependability during times of drought.. In 2001, the Ernsts moved their cattle ranch to Windsor. From then until 2012, the area of Windsor suffered from severe drought, and along with the rest of the industry, Ernsts herd suffered, with his cattle herd numbers dwindling significantly.. However, because of his Herefords, Ernst made it through a difficult time. And as the cattle industry undergoes even more changes, he expects to rely on the Herefords to help see him through once more.. Because of the drought, cattle numbers were dangerously low. And paired with a high beef demand, cattle prices hit an all-time high in 2015. As this perfect storm continues, the beef industry has slowly but surely begun to rebuild.. And the timing couldnt be better. ...
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday quoted choice boxed beef cutout at $241.70/cwt, up $2.57 from Tuesday and the highest in more than two years (all figures US$). Select cutout fell 25 cents, to $214.27, but was up from $200.58/cwt a week ago.. As a result, strong beef packer margins give them (processors) incentive to kill more cattle, which solves some of the problem of Tyson being shut down, Brugler said.. CME live cattle futures tumbled last week as news of the Tyson fire threatened to curb demand for fat cattle. But the market rallied on Monday after government data showed that last weeks U.S. cattle slaughter came in above expectations, despite the loss of the Kansas plant.. On Tuesday, CME October live cattle futures ended up 1.775 cents at 100 cents/lb., and October feeder cattle settled up 0.475 cent at 133.65 cents/lb.. Live cattle futures drew additional support from expectations of higher cash cattle trade this week, given rising beef cut-out values, Brugler said. Cash ...
Aside from Chicago MercantileExchange spot February live cattle futures, remaining contractsdrew support on Monday from last weeks bullish biannual cattleinventory report, analysts and traders said. Fridays data showed tighter cattle numbers ahead with theU.S. cattle herd at the smallest in 61 years after drought drovefeed costs to record highs last summer. CME live cattle spot February settled down slightlyon cash cattle price caution. Also, some traders exited the contract to avoid likelydeliveries. Monday was the first notice day for cattledeliveries against the spot month that will expire on Feb. 28. CME spot February live cattle closed at 127.075cents per lb, down 0.025 cent. April ended up 0.100 centto 132.275 cents and June finished at 128.000 cents,0.250 cent higher. Investors wait for cattle in the cash market to changehands. Cash cattle last week moved at mostly $122 to $124 percwt, feedlot sources said. Wintry weather in the western Plains reduced the movement
One of the main attractions for guests, often bringing them back year after year, is the opportunity to work with Rocco and Annies cattle from the cattle ranch. Since the cattle typically graze on Sweet Grass Ranch lands for a portion of the summer, Sweet Grass Ranch guests have the opportunity to learn first hand about the challenges and joys of caring for a herd of grass-fed, range cattle, monitoring their health and moving them to new grazing grounds as water and grass vitality dictates.. We may do some cattle work on any given week, and are sometimes checking fences, grass conditions, and putting out salt and minerals. On these working rides, guests are always invited to join in whenever they desire a taste of the cowboy life. Please be aware that we do not work cattle every week, so if this is an important part of your vacation, you must verify cattle work with us in advance when booking.. For those looking for that working ranch experience of a cattle drive, there are certain weeks we are ...
Healthy teeth are important in the first stages of digestion for dairy cattle, yet little is known about bovine dental disease. This study aimed to investigate dental pathology of dairy cattle in two parts. First dairy cattle cadaver heads (n=11) were examined at the time of culling. Second, the authors performed oral exams in cattle fed a total mixed ration (TMR) (n=200) and pasture-based (n=71) grazing cattle. Cadaver heads were imaged using radiography and computed tomography before gross dissection to study dental anatomy and pathology. The most prevalent dental abnormalities were excessive transverse ridging of the occlusal surface, the presence of diastemas and third molar dental overgrowths (M3DO) in cadaver heads. Average thickness of subocclusal dentine ranged from 3.5 mm to 5.8 mm in cheek teeth but was ,10 mm in maxillary teeth with M3DO. Radiographic findings were compared with oral examinations in live cattle. Prevalence of M3DO upon oral examination was 19 per cent and 28 per cent ...
This week, feedlots in the U.S. Plains have priced their market-ready, or cash, cattle over $165 per hundredweight (cwt), with no bids from packers, feedlot sources said. Last week, cash cattle in the Midwest traded at mostly $162.. Wednesday afternoons choice wholesale beef price, or cutout, rose $2.67/cwt from Tuesday to $246.55. Select climbed $2.22 to $234.48, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said.. Beef packer margins for Wednesday were a negative $55.70 per head, compared with a negative $74 on Tuesday and a negative $74.25 a week ago, according to Colorado-based analytics firm Expectations for tighter cattle numbers in the coming months boosted deferred CME live cattle contracts.. CME feeder cattle futures drew support from live cattle market buying. Traders cited the exchanges feeder cattle index for Oct. 7 at 238.01 cents, up from 237.57 for Oct. 6.. October closed 0.85 cent/lb. higher at 242.325 cents, and November up 0.5 cent at 242.925 cents.. Hogs turn ...
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A total of six hundred ninety nine (699) blood samples were collected randomly from cattle population of different cattle farms belonging to rural unorganised sectors and organised cattle farms of seven different districts of West Bengal to study the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhiniotracheitis (IBR) by Virus Neutralization Test (VNT). The seroprevalence of IBR among the cattle population of West Bengal was estimated to be 48.15% on district-wise study (highest seroprevalence rate of 85.29% in the cattle population of Nadia district and lowest rate of seroprevalence of 20.72% in the cattle population of Jalpaiguri district) and 42.32% on sampling area-wise study. Eighteen (18) serologically positive serum samples were selected as representative samples which were subjected to two fold end point titration. The end point titration of the seropositive samples collected from organised cattle farm of organised sector showed the IBR antibody titre to range from 1: 1 to 1: 8, while that of the samples
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mechanisms of uremic serum-induced expression of bone matrix proteins in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells. AU - Chen, N. X.. AU - Duan, D.. AU - ONeill, K. D.. AU - Wolisi, G. O.. AU - Koczman, J. J.. AU - LaClair, R.. AU - Moe, S. M.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - We have previously found that uremic human serum upregulates RUNX2 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and that RUNX2 is upregulated in areas of vascular calcification in vivo. To confirm the role of RUNX2, we transiently transfected a dominant-negative RUNX2 (ΔRUNX2) construct in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells (BVSMCs). Blocking RUNX2 transcriptional activity significantly decreased uremic serum induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity (268 ± 34 vs 188 ± 9.5 U/g protein, P , 0.05) and osteocalcin expression (172 ± 17 vs 125 ± 9 ODU, P , 0.05). To determine the mechanism by which uremic serum upregulates RUNX2, we examined cell signaling pathways. BVSMCs were incubated in the presence or ...
Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in developed countries. A noted exception is the low mortality of CHD in France, particularly the southwest region. This phenomenon, commonly referred to as the French paradox, may be associated with high consumption of red wine. We investigate whether the cardioprotective activity of red wine may involve the grape skin-derived polyphenol, resveratrol. We further test the possibility that resveratrol acts by modulating structural and functional changes in endothelial cells lining the blood vessel wall. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) were incubated with resveratrol, with and without concurrent exposure to simulated arterial shear stress. Resveratrol significantly affected proliferation and shape of BPAEC; growth was suppressed and cells became elongated, based on morphologic analysis of rhodamine-conjugated phalloidin stained F-actin by confocal microscopy. Using selective signaling
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
Intracellular pH (pH i) in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was determined using the pH-dependent absorbance of intracellularly trapped 5(and...
The purpose of this research was to determine whether genetic variation existed within Bos taurus Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), and whether this variation would affect carcass traits. PMCH had previously been shown to affect appetite and metabolism in rodent species, thus it was desirable to determine whether the gene had a similar effect in cattle, which could be interpreted based on carcass measurements of weight gain and fat production. Cattle PMCH was sequenced and an adenosine-to-thymine (A,T) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected 134 bp upstream of the translational start site. The SNP alleles were determined to significantly affect carcass traits including average fat and grade fat in two populations of cattle, and shear force measurements in one population. The adenosine homozygotes were found to have the highest fat levels and the thymine homozygotes the least, while the heterozygous animals had intermediate fat levels. Shear force values in the one available ...
PubMed journal article Growth, ruminal measurements, and health characteristics of Holstein bull calves fed an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extrac were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Brahman cattle at Make research projects and school reports about Brahman cattle easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Through the examination of 78 fecal sample of sheep and 52 fecal sample of cattle collected from different region in Ninevah governorate, the percentage of infection with schistosoma eggs in sheep and cattle were 7.69%, 19.23 respectively with significant differences between sheep and cattle, two types of eggs of schistosoma had been identified in sheep they were : S. bovis and S. indicum (first record) while in cattle S. bovis, S. indicum and S.intercalatum (first record) were diagnosed. Infection with S. bovis formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.3%, 70% respectively. The results revealed significant differences between type of infection in sheep with significant difference between the type of infection in cattle, and the single infection formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.33%, 70% respectively. The percentage of infection appeared with high rate in sheep and cattle with aged more than 3 years 9.8%, 40% respectively with significant difference between groups of age in cattle
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The majority of beef breed associations have made (or are currently making) substantial changes to their National Cattle Evaluation. These changes ultimately benefit commercial bull buyers by providing improved
Crossover generated by meiotic recombination is a fundamental event that facilitates meiosis and sexual reproduction. Comparative studies have shown wide variation in recombination rate among species, but the characterization of recombination features between cattle breeds has not yet been performed. Cattle populations in North America count millions, and the dairy industry has genotyped millions of individuals with pedigree information that provide a unique opportunity to study breed-level variations in recombination. Based on large pedigrees of Jersey, Ayrshire and Brown Swiss cattle with genotype data, we identified over 3.4 million maternal and paternal crossover events from 161,309 three-generation families. We constructed six breed- and sex-specific genome-wide recombination maps using 58,982 autosomal SNPs for two sexes in the three dairy cattle breeds. A comparative analysis of the six recombination maps revealed similar global recombination patterns between cattle breeds but with significant
Beef cattle production in Mississippi is primarily forage based. Cow-calf, stocker cattle, and even forage-based finishing can be accomplished using Mississippi forage systems. See why Mississippi is an excellent environment for forage and beef cattle production.
Due to the absence of accurate pedigree information, it has not been possible to implement genetic evaluations for crossbred cattle in African small-holder systems. Genomic selection techniques that do not rely on pedigree information could, therefore, be a useful alternative. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of using genomic selection techniques in a crossbred cattle population using data from Kenya provided by the Dairy Genetics East Africa Project. Genomic estimated breeding values for milk yield were estimated using 2 prediction methods, GBLUP and BayesC, and accuracies were calculated as the correlation between yield deviations and genomic breeding values included in the estimation process, mimicking the situation for young bulls. The accuracy of evaluation ranged from 0.28 to 0.41, depending on the validation population and prediction method used. No significant differences were found in accuracy between the 2 prediction methods. The results suggest that there is ...
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Field data from the North American Limousin Federation was used to determine the heritability and genetic correlations of body condition score (BCS) with carcass traits. Carcass traits included carcass weight, ribeye area, fat thickness, intramuscular fat, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and all were estimated to be lowly to moderately heritable (0.14 to 0.34). Heritability of BCS was 0.19. Favorable correlations existed between ribeye area and carcass weight (0.50), ribeye area and BCS (0.60), and carcass weight and BCS (0.28). Unfavorable correlations existed among ribeye area and intramuscular fat (-0.40), carcass weight and intramuscular fat (-0.23), and intramuscular fat and BCS (-0.64). These results suggest that selection for BCS should be effective and would result in some favorable changes in ribeye area and carcass weight but with unfavorable change in marbling ...
RICHARD CARLETON: Australia exports well over half a million live cattle every year to almost a dozen countries. The unlucky ones end up in Egypt. From when the cattle leave Australia, often Fremantle, to here, the southern entrance or mouth of the Suez Canal, it is about 2.5 weeks. Now if its cold like today, the cattle wouldnt be complaining, even about the dust storm, because here in the summer it gets as hot as 37 degrees. The cattle themselves dont actually enter the canal. Theyre offloaded just over there at Port Suez, and then it is 21 days in quarantine before the tender mercies of the Egyptian slaughtermen. Most Australian cattle are sent here to Cairos Bassatin abattoir. Bassatin is the preferred abattoir for Australian cattle because of the slaughtering facilities here. What goes on here at Bassatin is near medieval. Footage like this, that includes Australian cattle, is not easily gathered. The woman passing the camera here now is Lyn White. Ms White, a former Adelaide ...
A single insecticide-treated ox kills about as many tsetse as a single odour-baited target. So if there are already many cattle in an area, then treating cattle appears to offer several advantages over using targets.. First, treating an animal is cheaper than constructing and deploying an insecticide-treated target (Shaw et al., 2017).. Second, cattle owners are strongly inclined to treat their cattle with insecticide, maintain them and protect them from theft. So several problems associated with using targets - such as the loss of targets due to general wear and tear, theft, and animal damage - are less with insecticide-treated cattle.. Third, in some settings (e.g. south-west Uganda) cattle can be reservoir hosts for the pathogen (T. b. gambiense) causing Rhodesian sleeping sickness. In this situation, treating cattle with insecticide will not only control animal trypanosomiasis but also sleeping sickness (Hargrove et al., 2012). So is there any point in using targets?. The problem with using ...
A model Indigenous Thai beef cattle breeding structure consisting of nucleus, multiplier and commercial units was used to evaluate the effect of changes in heritabilities of and genetic correlations between adaptation traits on genetic gain and profitability. A breeding objective that incorporated adaptation was considered. Two scenarios for improving both the production and the adaptation of animals where also compared in terms of their genetic and economic efficiency. A base scenario was modelled where selection is for production traits and adaptation is assumed to be under the forces of natural selection. The second scenario (+Adaptation) included all the information available for base scenario with the addition of indirect measures of adaptation. These measures included tick count (TICK), faecal egg count (FEC) and rectal temperature (RECT). Therefore, the main difference between these scenarios was seen in the records available for use as selection criteria and hence the level of ...
Siderophore-receptor and porin-based (SRP) Escherichia coli vaccine technology functions by starving the E. coli organism via competitive exclusion for proteins that scavenge iron, an essential nutrient for E. coli viability. Vaccination with SRP E. coli technology decreased the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in artificially inoculated cattle and in cattle naturally shedding the organism. Examination of the effects that SRP E. coli vaccines exert on performance parameters has yet to be attempted in a commercial setting. The use of SRP E. coli vaccine technology effectively decreases the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in feeder cattle and may improve beef safety; however, the vaccines effects on the economics of cattle feeding are unknown. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the effects of vaccinating cattle three times with an SRP E. coli vaccine verses a placebo on performance, health, and carcass characteristics of cattle fed in commercial feedlots.
As of July 1, 2011 Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just below 13.9 million head, down 0.8% from the same date in 2010. Cattle inventories have been declining since their peak of 16.9 million in July of 2005. However, the rate of decline has slowed down since July 2010.. During the current period, the Canadian dairy herd grew 0.3%, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1%. Farmers reported a 2.1% decline in the total number of beef cows while replacement heifers were seen to increase by 6.7%. The total number of dairy cows was virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago, while replacement dairy heifers increased 0.8%.. With the exception of a 0.2 % growth in both Alberta and Saskatchewan, declines in cattle and calf inventories were pervasive. Cattle and calf farms in British Columbia reported a 0.9% decline in overall cattle holdings, while Manitoba and Ontario indicated that inventories declined by 3.3% and 1.9% respectively. Inventories declined by 2.2% in Quebec and were off 1.6% ...
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) continues to be a problem in cattle herds in Ireland and Britain. It has been suggested that failure to eradicate this disease is related to the presence of a wildlife reservoir (the badger). A large-scale project was undertaken in the Republic of Ireland during 1997-2002 to assess whether badger removal could contribute to reducing risk of cattle herd breakdowns in four areas. During the period of that four area study, there was a significant decrease in risk in intensively culled (removal) areas relative to reference areas. In the present study, we revisit these areas to assess if there were any residual area effects of this former intervention a decade on (2007-2012). Over the study period there was an overall declining trend in bTB breakdown risk to cattle herds. Cattle herds within former removal areas experienced significantly reduced risk of breakdown relative to herds within former reference areas or herds within non-treatment areas (OR: 0.53; P , 0.001). ...
If you own a cattle ranch or raise them in any way, you will recognize the importance of ensuring that the cattle eat nutritiously. Whether you are raising them for beef, dairy or other purposes, you know that sickly cows or steers will not generate much cash flow on the market. Thus, it is crucial to feed the cattle the right mixture of products for healthy growing. A pet store in California that also provides Animal Cattle Service in El Dorado Hills CA understands the significance of these needs and provide products for ranchers and others to purchase.. When it comes to raising beef cattle, there is a difference in the grazing they do on the land, and the finishing in the feed, which is integral in raising quality livestock. The livestock market is calling for a grade of beef that is lighter. Ranchers have to take steps to ensure the cattle they are raising for beef is eating the proper, nutritious feed. In order to prepare the livestock to get a better price on the market, it becomes ...
Progesterone profiles and superovulatory responses of Simmental heifers in relation to pre-ovulatory energy intake and progesterone priming ...
COLLEGE STATION - The 59th Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course scheduled Aug. 5-7 at Texas A&M University in College Station will provide participants an inside look to the future of the industry as well as a snapshot of potential cattle market trends, course coordinators said.. Our U.S. cattle inventory is at levels not seen since the 1950s and we have several topics during the Aug. 5 general session that addresses trends and issues such as market outlook and infrastructure changes, said Dr. Jason Cleere, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service beef cattle specialist in College Station and conference coordinator.. Brian Bledsoe, who provides weather forecasts and commentary for the Southern Livestock Standard, will provide a weather outlook during the Aug. 5 general session. Bruce Vincent, a logger and motivational speaker from Libby, Mont., will presents With Vision, There Is Hope for Ranchers.. The short course has become one of the largest and most comprehensive beef cattle educational ...
The successful birth of a female Vaynol calf through embryo transfer has brought new hope of saving one of the rarest breeds of UK native livestock.. Conservationists said the calf, called Snow because of her white colouring and the conditions at the time of her birth near Edinburgh on 6 January, was born after the first successful embryo transfer for a semi wild cattle breed. Vaynol cattle are descended from ancient herds of white cattle, which were brought over to Britain when it was still connected to Europe by land and were in the country before Stonehenge was built.. The Vaynol breed was established at Vaynol Park near Bangor in 1872, and is one of just two native semi-feral or feral breeds in the UK, living in fenced areas but able to exhibit natural herd behaviour.. They are one of the five cattle breeds listed as critical on the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST) watchlist with just 23 breeding females in 2019 across five herds. The herds are kept apart to protect against a disease ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Global gene expression and systems biology analysis of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages in response to in vitro challenge with mycobacterium bovis. AU - Magee, David A.. AU - Taraktsoglou, Maria. AU - Killick, Kate E.. AU - Nalpas, Nicolas C.. AU - Browne, John A.. AU - Park, Stephen D.E.. AU - Conlon, Kevin M.. AU - Lynn, David. AU - Hokamp, Karsten. AU - Gordon, Stephen V.. AU - Gormley, Eamonn. AU - MacHugh, David E.. PY - 2012/2/22. Y1 - 2012/2/22. N2 - Background: Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, is a major cause of mortality in global cattle populations. Macrophages are among the first cell types to encounter M. bovis following exposure and the response elicited by these cells is pivotal in determining the outcome of infection. Here, a functional genomics approach was undertaken to investigate global gene expression profiles in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) purified from seven age-matched non-related females, in response to in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Raman spectroscopy of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells: a comparison of single cell and cell cluster analysis. AU - McManus, L. AU - Boyd, A. AU - Burke, GA. AU - Meenan, BJ. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - There are many techniques that allow in vitro interactions among cells and their environment to be monitored, including molecular, biochemical and immunochemicaltechniques. Traditional techniques for the analysis of cells often require fixation or lysis from substrates; however, use of such destructive methods is not feasible where the expanded cell cultures are required to be used for clinical implantation. Several studies have previously highlighted the potential of Raman spectroscopy to provide useful information on key biochemical markers within cells. As such, we highlight thecapability of Raman spectroscopy with different laser spot sizes for use as a non-invasive, rapid, and specific method to perform in situ analysis of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico). Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List).. ** These are general requirements for importing cattle into the United States. You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a specific country.. Requirements:. ...
By Communications and Marketing. A commercial vaccine for cattle can effectively reduce levels of E. coli by more than 50 percent, a Kansas State University study has found. The vaccine is also effective using two doses instead of the recommended three doses, which can help cut costs for the beef industry.. David Renter, associate professor of epidemiology, is the principal investigator on a project that researched the effectiveness of products used to prevent the shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. The research appears in a recent online version of the journal Vaccine and helps improve current preventative methods for addressing food safety concerns.. While E. coli O157:H7 does not affect cattle, it causes foodborne disease in humans. Vaccines and other products may be given to cattle to help prevent the spread of the bacteria.. We wanted to test how well these products work to control E. coli O157:H7 in a commercial feedlot with a large population of cattle that were fed in the summer and ...
Safe-guard Medicated Dewormer For Beef Cattle (20% Protein Block. For the removal and control of lungworms, stomach worms and intestinal worms. Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated) is designed for deworming pastured cattle by feeding these medicated blocks for three (3) days only as the sole source of salt. It is essential to establish full cattle adaptation to supplemental block feeding prior to treating cattle with Safe-Guard 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated). Treats 11 - 1,000 lb animals. Do not use in dairy cattle of breeding age. Cattle must not be slaughtered within 16 days following last treatment. Under conditions of continuous exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 6 to 8 weeks. Contains 750 mg fenbendazole per lb.
People in tropical countries fear diseases called sleeping sickness, and other names, caused by tiny parasites called trypanosomes (Trypanosoma spp.) also known as tryps. Now theres new science suggesting a way to reduce Animal African Trypanosomiasis in cattle (Bos primigenius) by selective breeding.. In sub-Saharan Africa, tryps which kill cattle are hugely important to peoples livelihoods and, therefore, to development away from poverty. African tryps are carried by tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) You can scroll down for maps. The flies dont get ill from the tryps, but they carry them between people and between cattle. That is, these insects are disease vectors.. One of the most promising ways to reduce tryp disease is to breed cattle which resist it. Where tryps are endemic (always present) its no surprise that some of the local cattle have that disease resistance. For example West African dwarf cattle, the ...
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in different cattle herd management systems in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Between April and June 2005, a total of 728 bovines from 49 herds were tested for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses. Milk samples were taken from tuberculin positive animals and analysed for the presence of mycobacteria. Total prevalences of 2.5% and 10.1% were found for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses respectively, with more M. bovis-infection in cattle in the extensive management system and more atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in the intensive management system. From 8 out of 42 milk samples (19%) atypical mycobacteria were cultured. A higher prevalence of M. bovisinfection in the extensive sector could be due to several factors. In addition, such high prevalence puts herd owners and their families at risk for BTB. Therefore control of BTB, as well as education of cattle ...
... such as Sayaguesa cattle, Maremmana primitivo, Pajuna cattle, Limia cattle, Maronesa cattle, Tudanca cattle, and others, which ... Heck cattle[edit]. Main article: Heck cattle. In the early 1920s, two German zoo directors (in Berlin and Munich), the brothers ... The sanga cattle, a zebu-like cattle with no back hump, is commonly believed to originate from crosses between humped zebus ... It is intended to bring in aurochs-like features that are supposedly missing in Heck cattle using Sayaguesa Cattle and Chianina ...
Cattle and cows[edit]. There are six references to "cattle" in the Book of Mormon, including verbiage suggesting they were ... Apologists argue that the term "cattle" may be more generic that suggesting members of the genus Bos, and may have referred to ... For example, Enos in the Book of Mormon tells that the Nephites raised "flocks of all manner of cattle of every kind": Enos 1: ... In all these regions they visited, the Spaniards noticed herds of deer similar to our herds of cattle. These deer bring forth ...
Sonpur Cattle Fair[edit]. Swiss cottages are set up by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) at the Sonepur ... Cattle Fair,[4][5] with facilities of Internet facility, motor boat ride in river Gandak , food at the tourist village and pre- ...
Cattle and horses[edit]. Aspirin has shown some promise in the treatment of laminitis in horses.[176] ...
a b c d e Dan W. Shike, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Driftless Region Beef Conference 2013 Beef Cattle ... a b Dan Shike, University of Illinois Beef Cattle Feed Efficiency *^ a b DJ Cottle and WS Pitchford. Production Efficiency. ... Beef cattle[edit]. As of 2013[update] in the US, an FCR calculated on live weight gain of 4.5-7.5 was in the normal range with ... Dairy cattle[edit]. The dairy industry traditionally didn't use FCR but in response to increasing concentration in the dairy ...
Use as cattle feed[edit]. Traditionally used as fertilizer, it is now also used as a livestock feed as a cost-saving measure ... Carter, Thomas A.; Poore, Matt (1995), Deep Stacking Broiler Litter As A Feed For Beef Cattle, North Carolina State University ... The use of poultry litter as food for beef cattle is legal in the United States. Prior to 1967, the use of poultry litter as ... Because poultry litter can contain recycled cattle proteins as either spilled feed or feed that has passed through the avian ...
List of cattle breeds. References[edit]. *^ "Breeds of Livestock - Cattle". Retrieved 5 April 2010.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... "Cattle Breeds - Hereford". The Cattle Site. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.. ... "Dwarfism in Beef Cattle." Dwarfism in Beef Cattle. Proc. Of 41st Annual Livestock Feeders' Day, Kansas State University, ... Until the 18th century, the cattle of the Herefordshire area were similar to other cattle of southern England, being wholly red ...
They probably brought cattle with them from their native land and crossed them with cattle purchased in the colony. For many ... No records were kept of the descendants of these cattle. Their blood was mingled and lost in that of the native cattle. ... Historical records suggest these cattle were black, and the Friesian cattle at this time were "pure white and light coloured". ... British Friesian cattle[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to ...
The Aberdeen Angus, sometimes simply Angus, is a Scottish breed of small beef cattle. It derives from cattle native to the ... Black Angus is the most common breed of beef cattle in the US, with 332,421 cattle registered in 2017.[3] In 2014, the British ... "The Cattle Site - Angus Breeds". The Cattle Site. Retrieved 25 June 2015.. ... It is a cross between the Angus and several different cattle such as the German Black Pied Cattle, Gelbvieh, and Fleckvieh. The ...
Unfortunately, much like humans, cattle have their favorite foods. To keep cattle from selectively eating the most desirable ... a b c d e [2], Peters, A., & Ball, P. (2004b). Reproduction in cattle. (3rd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ... a b Invited review: the welfare of dairy cattle-Key conceptsand the role of science. M.A.G. von Keyserlingk, J. Rushen, A.M. de ... Lameness is commonly considered one of the most significant animal welfare issues for dairy cattle,[41][42][43][44] and is best ...
... viviparus: lungworm of cattle, deer[edit]. D. viviparus is the most common lungworm of cattle; the infection is ... Cattle feces supports the growth of Pilobolus sp. fungi. The L3 larvae of D. viviparus invade the inside of these fungi, and ... Dictyocaulus is a genus of nematode parasites of the bronchial tree of horses, sheep, goats, deer, and cattle. Dictyocaulus ... 2003). "Dictyocaulus species: cross infection between cattle and red deer". New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 51 (2): 93-98. doi: ...
The population of beef cattle and dairy cattle has grown so much that methane from cows now is big. This is not a trivial issue ... cattle. Can anyone tell me why this. "Atmospheric scientist Ralph Cicerone, a chancellor at the University of California, ...
... there were an estimated 97,000 head of cattle in the county, more than Door County which had 23,500 head of cattle.[45] ... Cattle and deer[edit]. In 2018 statistics, a county total of 3,527 deer were killed as a total of all deer hunting seasons, ... All cattle and calves in Wisconsin as of January 1, 2017-2018, by the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service ...
Cattle[edit]. Cattle are exhibited by leading the animal into an arena using a halter. The contestants will also carry a large ... Species of livestock that may be shown include pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, llamas and alpacas.[1] Poultry such as ... Ekarius, Carol (2008). Storey's Illustrated Breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Pigs. Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60342- ... But the early organizers recognized that one of the main values of the exhibition was to allow cattle breeders from all over to ...
The cattle egret is a popular bird with cattle ranchers for its perceived role as a biocontrol of cattle parasites such as ... The cattle egret engages in low levels of brood parasitism, and there are a few instances of cattle egret eggs being laid in ... The cattle egret removes ticks and flies from cattle and consumes them. This benefits both species, but it has been implicated ... A conspicuous species, the cattle egret has attracted many common names. These mostly relate to its habit of following cattle ...
Bundy's cattle expanded into additional public land over the years. A planned April 2012 roundup of his cattle was called off ... Protest over Bureau of Land Management roundup of trespass cattle pursuant to court order and slaughter of cattle ... "Trespassing Cattle Set Stage for Federal Land Showdown". KOLO.. *^ a b c "United States of America v. Bundy - Document 35 - ... Events following April 2014 cattle gather[edit]. BLM attempts to communicate with Bundy[edit]. After the roundup was suspended ...
But the inhabitants of the area (Commoners) had pre-existing rights of common: to turn horses and cattle (but only rarely sheep ... Commoners' cattle, ponies and donkeys roam throughout the open heath and much of the woodland, and it is largely their grazing ... Cattle are of various breeds, most commonly Galloways and their crossbreeds, but also various other hardy types such as ... Rights to graze ponies and cattle are not for a fixed number of animals, as is often the case on other commons. Instead a " ...
Human and cattle tuberculosis[edit]. Koch initially believed that human (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and cattle tuberculosis ... By that time, there was evidence that cattle tuberculosis was transmitted to humans through meat and milk.[77][78] Upon these ... Speaking at the Third International Congress on Tuberculosis, held in London in July 1901, he said that cattle tuberculosis is ... But cattle bacillus may infect humans since it is very pathogenic.[76] ...
Some animal feces, especially that of camel, bison, and cattle, are fuel sources when dried.[10] ...
The reason there is a sign indicating private road, is because they are not strictly private. A private road is a road that is not maintained by the state or municipality, but by a private person or association. An owner of a private road in Sweden can prohibit cars (but not people) from using the road. But if the state pays support for the maintenance, cars can't be prohibited. This is mostly the case if several families live along the road. Then they must form an association for it. The Swedish word for this kind of road is "enskild", that can be both translated to "private" and "individual". The background of the sign is yellow, indicating that the quality is often less good, and warning signs might be missing. Signs indicating roads owned by companies or leading to companies usually have white background instead. ...
The Maremmana is a breed of cattle reared in the Maremma, a former marshland region in southern Tuscany and northern Lazio in ... These are the cattle breeds considered in Italy to be wholly or partly of Italian origin. Inclusion here does not necessarily ... For centuries large herds of Maremmana cattle were raised in the malarial marshlands of the Maremma, herded by the butteri, the ... "Driving wild cattle in the Maremma", woodcut from the Penny Magazine, 1832 ...
The North Ronaldsay or Orkney is a breed of sheep from North Ronaldsay, the northernmost island of Orkney, off the north coast of Scotland. It belongs to the Northern European short-tailed sheep group of breeds, and has evolved without much cross-breeding with modern breeds. It is a smaller sheep than most, with the rams (males) horned and ewes (females) mostly hornless. It was formerly kept primarily for wool, but now the two largest flocks are feral, one on North Ronaldsay and another on the Orkney island of Linga Holm. The Rare Breeds Survival Trust lists the breed as "vulnerable", with fewer than 600 registered breeding females in the United Kingdom. The semi-feral flock on North Ronaldsay is the original flock that evolved to subsist almost entirely on seaweed - they are one of few mammals to do this. They are confined to the shoreline by a 1.8 m (6 ft) tall drystane dyke, which completely encircles the island, forcing the sheep to evolve this unusual characteristic. The wall was built as ...
Some animal feces, especially that of camel, bison, and cattle, is a source of fuel when dried.[13] ...
cattle. 3. -. -. hogs. 4. -. -. swine/goats. -. 6. 17. stores, barns, outhouses. -. 7. 6. ...
Armidale, New South Wales: Australian Lowline Cattle Association. *^ a b Lowline cattle. The State of Victoria. Archived 3 ... a b c Standard for Australian Lowline Cattle. Australian Lowline Cattle Association. Accessed January 2017. ... a b c d Margo Hayes (2016). Small Cattle for Small Farms. Clayton, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9781486301874. ... Compared to larger cattle, the Lowline does less damage to pasture land, and does not need such high or strong fencing.[8] ...
They are mainly raised for wool and meat production especially when crossed with the progeny of a Welsh Mountain ewe. For example, a purebred upland ewe such as a Welsh Mountain ewe, might be bred with a breeding sire Bluefaced Leicester ram. This is a Welsh Mule, one of many different types of half-bred ewes. The lamb produced when a half-bred ewe is crossed with a Suffolk ram (as well as with other terminal sire breeds such as Texel, Beltex, or Charollais) is considered ideal for meat production, since they have unusually good conformation. The lamb has the easy-care benefits of a mountain ewe, as well as the excellent growth of the Suffolk ram. The Suffolk breed is also more resistant to elf fire, a disease brought on by eating, among others, the bog asphodel. Sunlight worsens the condition, but the black head and ears of the Suffolk limit sunlight down to the otherwise exposed skin. Suffolk sheep are also shown in youth and adult shows. Organizations such as the FFA and 4-H allow ...
An estimated 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341.[citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality. In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. In the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, they were found in large numbers, especially in the South Downs near Lewes. In 1813, Arthur Young estimated 200,000 ewes were kept on the eastern South Downs and commented, "the amazing number they keep is one of the most singular circumstances in the sheep husbandry of England". The principal reason for the large concentrations of Southdown sheep on downland farms over these centuries was their role in the maintenance of soil fertility.[dubious - discuss] The large flocks grazed the open downs by day and at dusk they came down to the lower arable land for folding.[dubious - discuss] The downland soils are chalky and not naturally fertile, so the close-folding by the sheep on ...
In Honduras, there are many transnational families: members of the family (typically males) migrate to other countries, seeking economic opportunities.[23] A decent number of Hondurans had been living in the United States since the 1950s, but this number increased significantly starting in the 1990s and 2000s. In 2010, there were about 523,000 Hondurans residing in the United States, the majority of which were individuals rather than whole families.[24] That number increased significantly to 940,000 Hondurans residing in the United States in 2017.[25] As a result of this mass migration, the Hondurans who still reside in Honduras rely heavily on remittances. Remittances have been a greater source of domestic income than any other sector of the economy of Honduras since 2000: twenty percent of Honduran households were receiving remittances.[23] Statistics reveal that men ...
Shares of agricultural land, cattle headcount, and gross agricultural output for farms of different types (in percent of ... During 2006, household plots and peasant farms combined controlled about 20% of agricultural land and 48% of cattle,[22] up ... from 2% of agricultural land and 17% of cattle in 1990. The share of the individual sector in gross agricultural output ...
This method is used for swine, sheep, calves, cattle, and goats.[citation needed] Current is applied either across the brain or ... The animals most commonly slaughtered for food are cattle and water buffalo for beef and veal, sheep for lamb and mutton, goats ... or diseased cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines, or parts of the carcasses of any such animals that ... This method can be used for sheep, swine, goats, calves, cattle, horses, mules, and other equines. A captive bolt pistol is ...
This cattle-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... Retrieved from "" ...
Cattle tyrants feed on insects, mostly from the ground. It may follow cattle or other large animals for some distance, catching ... a b c d e Mobley, J. (2017). Cattle Tyrant (Machetornis rixosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & ... The cattle tyrant (Machetornis rixosa) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is the only member ... Cattle tyrants build bulky nests or steal the nests of rufous-fronted thornbirds. 3 to 4 eggs are laid and incubated for 14 ...
cattle (countable and uncountable, plural cattle) (usually used as plural). *Domesticated bovine animals (cows, bulls, steers ... Occasionally "cattle" may be found in singular use:. *First I saw the mandible, which looked a bit like a strange-shaped cattle ... How many cattle?. There is no singular generic word for "cattle", apart from archaic neat. Gendered words such as "bull" and " ... For usage examples of this term, see Citations:cattle.. Synonyms[edit]. *(domesticated bovine animals): neat, Bos (scientific) ...
In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, ... Some cattle are naturally hornless. Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly ... The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. Domestic cattle were first brought to the ... of Agriculture; A. L. Neumann and K. S. Lusby, Beef Cattle (8th ed. 1986); V. Porter, Cattle (1992). ...
You can just barely see the electrical line and red post tips in front of the cattle. Cattle are natural comfortable at such ... This is a high density mob of cattle that is quickly progressing to new grass. ...
Cattle powered agricultural work[edit]. Working on a Field[edit]. Plowing, Pflügen[edit]. *. ... 2 Cattle powered agricultural work *2.1 Working on a Field *2.1.1 Plowing, Pflügen ... Retrieved from "" ...
Directed by Stormi Maya. With Stormi Maya, Yhicey Nicole Hawt, Jahaira Nieves, Danny Worthy Boards. A secret cannibalistic cult kidnaps women and devours them for their black magic rituals . Adisa, a young powerful black woman refuses to stay victim to the cult and fights to escape their dark lair. The masked monsters are ruthless yet weak compared to Adisas will to live. Backyard Cattle Farming in Batangas and the Bakahang Barangay Cattle Fattening Scheme ... Intercropping and grazing cattle under coconuts have long been practised in many tropical countries. The introduction of ... Traditionally cattle have been used as sweepers or brushers, keeping the grass and weeds short, preventing excessive ... This book examines in detail some pasture-cattle-coconut systems and provides up-to-date information on the nature of the ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico) ... Cattle Importation This USDA website will not be updated during a lapse in federal funding. Content on this website will not be ... Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are ... You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a ...
... domestic cattle, domestic cow, Cattle (en); بقرة (ar); buwch, buchod (cy); Bos taurus taurus (oc) ... Red Angus cattle at Till Farm in Orangeburg) 20191022-OSEC-LSC-1089.jpg 3,822 × 2,026; 2.17 MB. ... Media in category "Cattle". The following 200 files are in this category, out of 675 total. ... गाई (dty); Nautgripur (is); lembu (ms); Хъуг (os); cattle (en-gb); ڈنگر (pnb); گائے (ur); tur domáci (sk); корова (uk); тракс ( ...
Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. By the 1850s, ... Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. ... Cattle have been domesticated for at least 10,000 years. ... Intro To The Cattle Crush The cattle crush makes it possible to ... "live cattle," the industry term for fully grown cattle. Live cattle are another commodity that can be traded (see the "Live ...
... see Brahman cattle. Source for information on Charbray cattle: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. dictionary. ... ... ... "Charbray cattle ." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. . . 13 Dec. 2019 ,,. ...
... see Shorthorn cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King ... breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows ( ... Santa Gertrudis cattle. Santa Gertrudis cattle, breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows (see Shorthorn ... cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch in S ...
... any of several varieties of cattle originating in India and crossbred in the United States with improved beef breeds, producing ... recognized forms of cow: the zebu or humped cattle from eastern Asia (. B. taurus indicus. ) and cattle without humps (. B. ... of Phase 1B, cattle (apparently Bos indicus. , the Indian humped variety) had come to predominate over game animals, as well as ... Indian cattle were first imported into the Western Hemisphere in the mid-19th century. The Gir, Gujarat, and Nellore varieties ...
cattle. Title (Click to Sort) Fact Sheet Number Tags Scoring Cows Can Improve Profits ANR-54 beef, cattle, reproduction, body ...
... (31-Jul-1963). Director: Tay Garnett. Writer: Thomas Thompson. Music Score: Paul Sawtell; Bert Shefter. Producer: ...
... (1-Jun-2006). Director: Martin Guigui. Writer: Martin Guigui. Music Composer: Cody Westheimer. Producer: Josi W. ...
Information for veterinarians about vaccination of cattle against brucellosis. ... Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection ... Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis in cattle.. B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed ... Veterinarians and other medical staff performing immunizations in cattle should be aware of the risks and what to do when an ...
Full text is unavailable for this digitized archive article. Subscribers may view the full text of this article in its original form through TimesMachine ...
This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. It is portable, it keeps ... Automatic Cattle Water Tank, Homemade Easy To Move - Duration: 1:52. Joseph Lewis 42,818 views ... This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. It is portable, it keeps ... Feed your cattle the easy way - Duration: 29:17. AgSmartTV 43,181 views ...
See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for All My Cattle. ... Cattle management software written by folks that have cattle! Full user manual available on Help tab. ... Cattle management software written by folks that have cattle! Full user manual available on Help tab. ...
Cattle Rustler (20) U.s. Marshal (20) Cattle (19) Death Of Father (19) Western Music (19) Barfly (18) Outlaw Gang (18) Father ... Cattle Ranch (45) B Movie (44) Duplicity (44) Gang Leader (43) Stock Footage (42) Song (41) Singer (37) Deceit (36) Gunfire (35 ... Cattle Rancher (24) Fistfight (24) Gunfight (24) Ranch (24) Singing Cowboy (24) Violence (24) Bartender (23) Cigarette Smoking ... Cattle Rustling Held At Gunpoint (93) Damsel In Distress (74) Deception (73) Henchman (62) Murder (54) B Western (53) Gang ...
Cattle Grid on Assembly Street has everything that youd want from somewhere so whole-heart ... Overall, Cattle Grid is a fantasy land for the proud carnivores among us and while its initial rave reviews may have been ... The place has a cow over the door: what more could you need to know? Cattle Grid on Assembly Street has everything that youd ... Call Venue 0113 242 1872 ...
The cattle duffers are believed to have struck early in the morning of Sunday, June 8 when a thick blanket of fog covered the ... Weve contacted people as far as South Australia and the Cape York Peninsula who are on the lookout for the cattle, she said. ... Under a thick cover of fog, cattle duffers have stolen more than $600,000 worth of rare livestock in what has been described as ... She said the thieves would have taken a few hours to herd the cattle together and load them onto the truck. ...
However, certain wild bovids are sometimes called cattle as well. (See also artiodactyl; ... The animals most often called cattle are the domesticated bovids raised for meat, milk, and leather or as beasts of burden. ... cattle. Cattle. , domesticated bovine farm animals that are raised for their meat, milk, or hides or for draft purposes. The ... domestic cattle. domestic cattle breeds (Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and hybrids). *. Angus ...
beef cattle. Title (Click to Sort) Fact Sheet Number Tags The Beef Showman: Will You Be an Asset or a Liability? ANR-18 ...
CHICAGO CATTLE MARKET. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ... CHICAGO CATTLE MARKET.. MAY 28, 1874. Continue reading the main ...
Grazing cattle display animal magnetism. Bodies align to north-south axis. By Lester Haines 26 Aug 2008 at 09:46 ... Researchers have explained why cattle will tend to face the same direction when grazing - a behaviour long known to herdsmen ...
All hat and no cattle.. *1999, Randy Newman, "Big Hat, No Cattle", from the album Bad Love, ASIN B00000J7R4, Uses variation of ... all hat and no cattle *(US, idiomatic) Full of big talk but lacking action, power, or substance; pretentious. *1980, Patricia ... Theres an old Texas saying about a cowboy who was "all hat and no cattle." That is, he was all show and no substance.. ... We expect a leader to be effective in his job, not just a public relations artist who is "all hat and no cattle.". ...
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  • It usually takes about four to five months to transform from feeder cattle to "live cattle," the industry term for fully grown cattle. (
  • Live cattle are another commodity that can be traded (see the "Live Cattle" section of this tutorial). (
  • The Commitments of Traders Futures and Options report as of July 24th for live cattle showed non-commercial traders were net long 35,721 contracts, a decrease of 5,559 for the week. (
  • Live Cattle futures traded with a wide range and choppy. (
  • June Live Cattle was trading at 151.10, up 0.85. (
  • Live-cattle futures on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange settled 2.4% higher at $1.1752 a pound, a record. (
  • February live-cattle futures closed down 1.5 cents, or 1.7 percent, at 89.175 cents a pound. (
  • Manage the risk inherent in cattle production and processing with Live Cattle futures and options. (
  • Take self-guided courses on Live Cattle futures and options products. (
  • If you're new to futures, the courses below can help you quickly understand the Live Cattle market and start trading. (
  • April live cattle is trading at 115.32, down 1.17 cents/lb. (
  • Live cattle futures are trading at session lows after showing a firm trade early in the day. (
  • On the cracked earth, hundreds of cattle wander in search of the last drinking hole or that rare blade of grass. (
  • The current discount of futures prices to the cash market as well as a recovery from early lows in the stock market were thought to have supported a rebound in cattle futures early in the session. (
  • February cattle are now trading at a large discount to last week's cash market so futures may be "pricing in" a significant drop in cash cattle prices during the first quarter. (
  • Sizable beef inventories and sluggish retail demand drove cattle futures prices lower Thursday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. (
  • The prices of U.S. cattle futures soared to all-time highs on strong export demand and on expectations that beef supplies will decline later in the year. (
  • SAN FRANCISCO (CBS.MW) -- Cattle futures closed at their maximum lows Wednesday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange as news of a mad-cow-disease discovery in Washington state prompted several countries to ban imports of U.S. beef. (
  • Under a thick cover of fog, cattle duffers have stolen more than $600,000 worth of rare livestock in what has been described as one of the biggest cattle thefts in Victorian history. (
  • Reporting from Sacramento - Standing inside the livestock pavilion at the California State Fair, where cattle lowed and city folks stared, James Vietheer held his breath as he spritzed rose-scented oil onto his prize Black Angus bull. (
  • But show jocks like Vietheer and Hansen are particularly prized because in the world of livestock economics, cattle is king: A winning bull, sold for breeding, can easily command six figures. (
  • To reduce the risk for death from cattle-caused injuries, farmers and ranchers should be aware of and follow recommended practices for safe livestock-handling facilities and proper precautions for working with cattle, especially cattle that have exhibited aggressiveness. (
  • For thousands of years the pastoralist communities of northern Kenya have herded their cattle alongside elephants and zebras, the grass of the rangelands shared between livestock and wildlife in relative balance. (
  • Current efforts to control fever ticks along the quarantine line include a partial tick control barrier fence, livestock movement quarantines, and tick treatments for cattle and deer. (
  • The livestock transportation industry in Australia has done a lot to help minimise stress, with purpose built trailers designed to improve animal comfort during on-road transport, but there's always room for improvement throughout the transportation and handling process for cattle. (
  • Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat (beef or veal, see beef cattle), for milk (see dairy cattle), and for hides, which are used to make leather. (
  • In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped genome. (
  • Cattle originally meant movable personal property, especially livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property (the land, which also included wild or small free-roaming animals such as chickens-they were sold as part of the land). (
  • In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. (
  • see Brahman cattle . (
  • Santa Gertrudis cattle, breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows (see Shorthorn cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch in S Texas, in the early 1900s. (
  • Brahman , also called zebu , any of several varieties of cattle originating in India and crossbred in the United States with improved beef breeds, producing the hardy beef animal known as the American Brahman. (
  • There are five cows and a calf in that herd of cattle . (
  • She said the thieves would have taken a few hours to herd the cattle together and load them onto the truck. (
  • Levitt said many cash-starved cattle producers are liquidating a larger share of their herd, a factor that may thin slaughter numbers and boost prices several months down the road. (
  • More than 90% of the national cattle herd is found in the traditional sector, in which over 95% of the cattle originate from the small East African Zebu (EAZ) known as the Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu (TSZ). (
  • During the same period, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska accounted for 16% of the nation's approximately 985,000 cattle operations and 21% of the nation's cattle and calf herd ( 2 ). (
  • On this island, Geryon kept a herd of red cattle guarded by Cerberus's brother, Orthus, a two-headed hound, and the herdsman Eurytion. (
  • The stealing of the cattle was not such a difficult task, compared to the trouble Hercules had bringing the herd back to Greece. (
  • She sent a gadfly to attack the cattle, and the herd scattered far and wide. (
  • Then, he brought the cattle of Geryon to Eurystheus, who sacrificed the herd to Hera. (
  • During droughts, fear of mass cattle starvation drives pastoralists to sell animals at low prices in a buyers' market, or risk losing most of their herd to starvation. (
  • One year later the first list of pedigree Highland cattle was produced and the Herd Book has been published every year since. (
  • Piston Enterprise OpenStack is a system for managing your servers like cattle -- you number them, and when they get sick and you have to shoot them in the head, the herd can keep moving. (
  • In the United States, dairy cattle are often supplemented with grain to increase the efficiency of production and reduce the area needed to support the energy requirements of the herd. (
  • Since the FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper Number 91 - "Pastures and Cattle under Coconuts" - was published in 1988 there have been considerable developments in terms of research carried out, publications and workshops and seminars. (
  • Cattle came off ranges and pastures to be slaughtered after eating hay, wheat shoots, alfalfa, or the plentiful mesquite, brome and buffalo grasses of the western plains and prairies. (
  • The victims' most common activities at the time of death were working with and treating cattle in enclosed spaces such as pens and chutes (n = 7) and moving or sorting cattle toward pens, barns, or pastures (n = 5). (
  • Grazing by cattle is practised in rangelands, pastures and grasslands. (
  • Cattle are primarily fed on pastures, crop residues and fallows. (
  • In referring to domestic cattle a grown male is a bull, a grown female a cow, an infant a calf, and an animal between one and two years old a yearling. (
  • Cattle are our lives," she says, pulling a calf off its mother's teats and roping it to a wooden peg. (
  • Cattle, mostly small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are also kept as pets. (
  • The aurochs is ancestral to both zebu and taurine cattle. (
  • Hybrid individuals and even breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu (such as the sanga cattle, Bos taurus africanus), but also between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos - yaks (the dzo or yattle), banteng, and gaur. (
  • The hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious - for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle, zebu, and yak. (
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), there are approximately 1.5 billion cattle in the world as of 2018. (
  • And the number of cattle fattened in feedlots nearly doubled from 7 million head to over 12 million. (
  • Satanic Planet's debut album will also feature Travis Ryan (Cattle Decapitation) and Jung Sing. (
  • This week's Notable Releases include crossover thrashers Red Death, death metal lifers Cattle Decapitation, rising rap crew Griselda, and more. (
  • From Bob Dylan to Beach Rats, from Judy Collins to Cattle Decapitation, from A$AP Rocky to Ana Gasteyer, here are nearly 30 shows to go see over the long Thanksgiving Weekend in NYC. (
  • Guernsey cattle, breed of dairy cattle developed on the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, and Sark near the north coast of France. (
  • in many parts of the world, such as India-home to the world's largest cattle population- most cattle are used for dairy or as work animals . (
  • Dairy Cattle Ornaments make for brilliantly simple gifts in the present, and promise to be meaningful keepsakes for memories in the years to come. (
  • There are around 10 million cattle in the UK, most of which are reared for either beef (beef cows) or milk production (dairy cows). (
  • Feeder cattle" are weaned calves raised to be between 600-800 pounds. (
  • This 10-minute video clip shows you how to make a cattle mineral feeder from a barrel and truck tire. (
  • January feeder cattle closed down 1.5 cents, or 1.6 percent, at 93.725 cents a pound. (
  • The cattle tyrant ( Machetornis rixosa ) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. (
  • If a particular whale species isn't endangered, then there's not a blind bit of difference between butchering them or cattle. (
  • The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. (
  • Unlike other herons and egrets, this species typically feeds in dry fields, often following cattle (or other animals) and waiting for them to flush insects into view. (
  • The research team put together a package of technologies for on-farm introduction (in Berege village) and evaluation and it included improved Mpwapwa breed of cattle, improved forage species, intensive feed gardens, conservation and utilisation of crop residues, disease control and dual-purpose legumes. (
  • These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other closely related species. (
  • Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can even occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well. (
  • Wild cattle" may refer to feral cattle or to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. (
  • This may be difficult to accomplish with the current drought, which could bring an increase in cow/heifer slaughter and force movement of non-fed cattle onto the market due to dry pasturelands and high feed prices. (
  • Express yourself with unique and affordable Coffee Mugs and Cattle Rancher Mugs from CafePress. (
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  • While we don't carry porcelain coffee mugs, our ceramic Cattle Rancher Mugs are an excellent substitution to your kitchen for sipping a hot drink of coffee, hot tea, or hot chocolate in the morning or winter evenings. (
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  • If by some chance we don't have the trending topic, occasion, or event you are after available on our Cattle Rancher Mugs, we even allow you to create a design from scratch using our fast and easy custom designer . (
  • Promote something special about yourself or your family with a custom coffee or travel mug from our high quality selection of Cattle Rancher Mugs. (
  • What are you waiting for, enjoy what makes life special, celebrate your individuality, or embrace your creative itch with our unique high quality Cattle Rancher Mugs! (
  • In my experience it's worse than ever, in the past at least the cattle was surviving," said rancher McDonald Modise eyeing a carcass of one of his cows, which had died the previous day. (
  • Ms. Prattus's grandfather was a cattle rancher. (
  • One half of the unit has cattle sheds to house bulls or cows and calves. (
  • Thankfully, it was rescued by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust in 1980, and the interest in extensively lean grass fed cattle, and has made a dramatic comeback. (
  • The TSZ cattle are characterised by low production coefficients compared with exotic cattle ( Bos taurus ) breeds. (
  • Ten of the 21 fatalities involved attacks by individual bulls, six involved attacks by individual cows, and five involved multiple cattle. (
  • Cattle, or cows (female) and bulls (male), are large domesticated ruminants. (
  • The estimated cattle slaughter came in at 120,000 head Friday and 10,000 head for Saturday. (
  • Tuesday's USDA Cattle slaughter was 114,000 head versus a year ago at 120,000 head. (
  • Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection in humans. (
  • Cattle ranchers in Nebraska are increasingly turning to goats to get rid of their weed problems. (
  • Referred to as " walking weed eaters ", the North Platte Telegram reported this morning that cattle will bypass the weeds for the grass, but the goats will go straight for the weeds - eating, trampling and fertilizing the entire pasture. (
  • The country has 12.5 million head of cattle, 6.5 million goats and 3.1 million sheep (MALD, 1984). (
  • Believe it or not Big Mac is one of the ultra radicals who provide fast food cattle burgers to interstate vehicles who drive all over the place providing scraps for rats, cats, flies, etc, so that the Mad Cow Disease might spread even faster than it would otherwise do. (
  • Cattle burgers. (
  • This is a high density mob of cattle that is quickly progressing to new grass. (
  • For over a decade, the Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) has worked with the communities of Northern Kenya to develop community conservancies that support better management of cattle and grass. (
  • Most cattle in the US have a fodder that is composed of at least some forage (grass, legumes, or silage). (
  • The debate is whether cattle should be raised on fodder primarily composed of grass or a concentrate. (
  • There is debate as to whether cattle should be raised on diets primarily composed of pasture (grass) or on a concentrated diet of grain, soy, and other supplements. (
  • Thus, cattle can be labelled free range but not necessarily be grass-fed, and vice versa, and organic beef can be either or none. (
  • Another term adopted by the industry is grass-finished (also, 100% grass-fed), for which cattle are said to spend 100% of their lives on grass pasture. (
  • Sales of slaughter cattle are reported at local auctions. (
  • Microbiologist Schmitz-Esser analysed stomach samples from slaughter cattle. (
  • And in much of the world, beef cattle are raised in regions that are not heavily forested, such as the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa or the high plains of North America. (
  • In fact, most beef cattle are raised on pasture from birth in the spring until autumn (7 to 9 months). (
  • uncountable , rare ) Used in restricted contexts to refer to the meat derived from cattle. (
  • Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. (
  • The increased cost and added work that goes into the raising of Belgian Blue cattle leads to higher valued cuts of meat. (
  • Cattle Grid on Assembly Street has everything that you'd want from somewhere so whole-heartedly devoted to meat. (
  • According to meat producers, tens of thousands of cattle have died or are being culled due to the drought. (
  • If we can identify the factors that contribute to live weight loss and energy deficiency in cattle during the transportation process, perhaps we can come up with strategies to minimise stress, and improve meat quality and shelf life," Dr Parker said. (
  • A computer calculates daily feed rations of corn, silage, wheat, hormones, vitamins and supplements for the cattle in each pen, according to the age, weight and condition of the animals. (
  • When you visit our estate you will see our longhorn cattle grazing the Parkland. (
  • Usually forages in flocks in dry fields, very often in association with grazing animals -- usually cattle or horses in North America, but on other continents also elephants, camels, zebras, deer, many others. (
  • Researchers have explained why cattle will tend to face the same direction when grazing - a behaviour long known to herdsmen and hunters but previously attributed to either prevailing winds or the sun's position. (
  • In Australia, ravaged by wildfires in recent months, the government is testing whether grazing cattle in a national park would reduce the amount of flammable dry vegetation there. (
  • A group of cattlemen - and Liberal MP Graeme Stoney - have been running small herds of cattle through the Alpine National Park in recent days, ignoring the Government's grazing ban. (
  • We've always said cattle grazing is a good part of the Australian culture and it's continuing, but it's just not continuing in the most precious high country national park. (
  • The muster is the first test of the Government's controversial ban on grazing cattle in the national park, an attempt to protect the alpine environment. (
  • Extensive grazing studies are conducted, often with additional yearling cattle. (
  • Cattle fever is a severe and often fatal disease of cattle transmitted by cattle fever ticks, Rhipicephalus (= Boophilus ) annulatus , and southern cattle ticks, R. microplus . (
  • To combat fever ticks, APHIS created the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program (CFTEP) in 1906. (
  • With the help of mounted patrol inspectors (also known as tick riders) and systematic quarantines, the CFTEP eradicated cattle fever and cattle fever ticks from the continental United States in 1943, with the exception of a permanent quarantine "buffer" zone between Texas and Mexico-a country where these ticks remain well established. (
  • Should they keep sending their children to cattle camp -- where they learn to brand, milk and deliver cows -- or shift their sights toward classrooms and literacy? (
  • On their way to milk the cows, Alanitch and her friends pass family corrals full of cattle, each with a hut on stilts in the center. (
  • The temptation of a lone white man was too great for any gathering of myall -natives, and sheep-fat and cattle -steak seemed there for the spearing, so that a stockman always ran the risk of attack, especially if his shepherds interfered with the native women. (
  • However, it's been known for some time that while cattle and sheep turn as much as 10 percent of their food into methane, the Tammar Wallaby produces only 1 percent to 2 percent. (
  • you'll hear in his own words what he thought about his farms and his cattle. (
  • The Sustainable Beef Cattle Systems Research Group conducts research at institutional facilities and also private ranches, feedlots, and farms. (
  • Through this new and careful selection of cattle he improved the size and quality of this breed, which became widely produced throughout England and Ireland, until it was surpassed by the Shorthorn in the 1800's. (
  • It was developed in the 1800s by crossbreeding local cattle with a Shorthorn breed from the United Kingdom . (
  • Battle Cattle is a miniature game made by Wingnut Games which focuses on cow-to-cow combat . (
  • The Belgian Blue is a breed of beef cattle originating in Belgium. (
  • The Tammar Wallaby's digestive system is getting agricultural researchers excited, after researchers from Australia's science agency CSIRO found its gut generates far lower methane emissions than cattle. (
  • This does not mean that beef produced in these regions has no global warming impact: the digestive systems of cattle emit large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide -powerful global warming pollutants-no matter what kind of land they occupy. (
  • Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals. (
  • Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer 2017. (
  • WINDHOEK-Namibia has detected a new strain of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the country that has infected thousands of cattle, the agriculture minister said in a statement on Thursday. (
  • This location allows us to intensive cattle feeding in a environmentally conscious manner. (
  • Like other commodities, the price of cattle is influenced by several factors. (
  • While many commodities are driving deforestation today, all of them take a back seat to beef cattle. (
  • Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. (
  • The phrase " head of cattle" may be used without regard for gender. (
  • He sold 50 head of cattle last year. (
  • The estimated cattle slaughter came in at 127,000 head yesterday. (
  • In the first four months of this year, 357 thousand head of cattle were imported into the Netherlands, a 15 percent increase relative to the first four months of 2007. (
  • this number has multiplied to over 70 head of cattle. (
  • The Texas Animal Health Commission says the test will involve about 100 producers and about 80-thousand head of cattle. (
  • In exchange for conservancies achieving specific targets in conservation, LTM buys cattle directly from the conservancies, purchasing several hundred head at a time from dozens of households. (
  • Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List ). (
  • They are cattle fitters, or "show jocks" in circuit slang, beauticians to the bovine set. (
  • In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, and pecuniary is derived from pecus [Lat. (
  • The longhorn has good longevity and they are able to keep breeding past usual cattle age. (
  • Cash cattle traded at $114/cwt last week versus closes on Friday at 119.60 for August cattle and 125.275 in October cattle. (
  • This is projecting a rally in cash cattle of $11 over the August-September time frame. (
  • Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly from the aurochs, a large European wild ox domesticated during the Stone Age, extinct since 1627. (
  • Domestic cattle were first brought to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus on his second voyage. (
  • By the early 1800s, population growth in the U.S. triggered the growth of the commercial cattle industry, which took advantage of the Western frontier's open landscape. (
  • Many of these commercial cattle fattening operations set up in dry southwestern states such as Taxas and Arizona rather than in Iowa and Illinois where animals often lost weight slogging through the Corn Belt's winter mud. (
  • There is much discussion over the origin of cattle in Egypt and Africa in general: are Egyptian cattle originally from the Near East or were they first domesticated in Africa? (
  • I remember the cattle steaks of the old days, the juicy pork, the dripping joints of lamb, the venison. (
  • Corn is the "food of choice for cattle," said Hultman. (
  • Cattle called corn-fed, grain-fed or corn-finished are typically raised on maize, soy and other types of feed. (
  • Some corn-fed cattle are raised in concentrated animal feeding operations known as feed lots. (
  • Although O157:H7 is pathogenic in humans, it can colonise the digestive tract of cattle without triggering any clinical signs, referred to as healthy carriage. (
  • It may follow cattle or other large animals for some distance, catching flushed prey, or even hitch rides on these animals, and then snatching flushed prey with a quick sally-flight. (
  • For the animals themselves, "cattle" is normally only used in the plural. (
  • George Washington's Black Cattle" is the first installment of our four part series called "George's Farm Animals," which is set in the fascinating period between the Revolutionary War and George's first term as president. (
  • Cattle are among the most important domesticated animals. (
  • B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed specifically for immunization of cattle against brucellosis to allow serological differentiation between naturally infected and vaccinated animals. (
  • Others are ranchers such as Vietheer and Hansen, who primp their own cattle, and occasionally handle other people's animals for $100 a day and all the fair food they can stomach. (
  • Painful gastritis and ulcers can occur in the abomasa of cattle, potentially weakening the animals, leading to perforations of the stomach and possibly even to cases of death," first author Alexandra Hund explains. (
  • Once the cattle are purchased, NRT treks the animals to Lewa Conservancy, a partner NGO. (