Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Tuberculosis, Bovine: An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Trypanosomiasis, Bovine: Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Rhipicephalus: A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Brucellosis, Bovine: A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.Rumen: The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Buffaloes: Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.Theileriasis: Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Escherichia coli O157: A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform: A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Mustelidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.Bacterial Shedding: The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseGoats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Mycobacterium bovis: The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex: A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Enzootic Bovine Leukosis: A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Bison: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease: Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Anaplasmosis: A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Leukemia Virus, Bovine: The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Babesia bovis: A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.Trypanosoma congolense: A species of Trypanosome hemoflagellates that is carried by tsetse flies and causes severe anemia in cattle. These parasites are also found in horses, sheep, goats, and camels.Bluetongue: A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.Brucella abortus: A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral: A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Theileria: A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.Rinderpest: A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Deer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Animals, Inbred Strains: Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Housing, AnimalMannheimia haemolytica: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Animal Identification Systems: Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Silage: Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Anaplasma: A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.Abomasum: The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Festuca: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.ArtiodactylaTheileria parva: A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Babesiosis: A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.Mastitis, Bovine: INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.Herpesvirus 1, Bovine: A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.Anaplasma marginale: A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Hoof and Claw: Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Pasteurella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.Bluetongue virus: The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Monensin: An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Insemination, Artificial: Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Pneumonia, Atypical Interstitial, of Cattle: A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Dystocia: Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Meat-Packing Industry: The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Coronavirus, Bovine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) clotting activity in human plasma in health and disease in various animal plasmas. (1/57984)

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) is an agent in normal human plasma that corrects the impaired in vitro surface-mediated plasma reactions of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and kinin generation observed in Fitzgerald trait plasma. To assess the possible pathophysiologic role of Fitzgerald factor, its titer was measured by a functional clot-promoting assay. Mean +/- SD in 42 normal adults was 0.99+/-0.25 units/ml, one unit being the activity in 1 ml of normal pooled plasma. No difference in titer was noted between normal men and women, during pregnancy, or after physical exercise. Fitzgerald factor activity was significantly reduced in the plasmas of eight patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis (0.40+/-0.09 units/ml) and of ten patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (0.60+/-0.30 units/ml), but was normal in plasmas of patients with other congenital clotting factor deficiencies, nephrotic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or sarcoidosis, or under treatment with warfarin. The plasmas of 21 mammalian species tested appeared to contain Fitzgerald factor activity, but those of two avian, two repitilian, and one amphibian species did not correct the coagulant defect in Fitzgerald trait plasmas.  (+info)

Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (2/57984)

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar.  (+info)

Phagocytic acitivity of bovine leukocytes during pregnancy. (3/57984)

The phagocytic competence, measured as the total number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes per mm3 which phagocytosed Staphylococcus aureus, strain 321, in vitro, was determined in eight cows during complete pregnancies. Such leukocytes are referred to as "Active PMN'S". There was a gradual decline in the number of these cells from conception to a minimum between the 16th and 20th weeks of pregnancy, followed by a steady increase to the cessation of lactation when a marked drop occurred, after which there was an increase to a maximun during the second week prepartum. From this maximum there was a rapid decrease to an absolute minimum during the first week after parturition. From the second week postpartum there was a gradual increase to conception. The correlation coefficient (r) of number of active PMN'S with time before conception was -0.474 )p-0.01). There were significant differences (p=0.01) in numbers of active PMNS Among the eight cows. It was found that the cows fell into two groups, one whose members had, overall, significantly more active PMNs (p=0.001) than those in the second group. The between cow differences may have been due to 1) age, since the cows with the highest numbers of circulating active PMNs were younger than those in the other group of 2) the combined stress of pregnancy and lactation, as those cows which were both pregnant and milking had the lowest numbers of active PMNs.  (+info)

The indirect hemagglutination test for the detection of antibodies in cattle naturally infected mycoplasmas. (4/57984)

Stable mycoplasma antigens for the indirect hemagglutination test (IHA) were prepared employing glutaraldehyde treated sheep erythrocytes sensitized with Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis and Mycoplasma bovigenitalium antigens. Employing these antigens mycoplasma antibodies were detected in sera from cattle which had mastitic symptoms due to natural infection with either M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. A total of 200 cows from four herds were examined at varying intervals for the presence of M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and for the detection of antibody using growth inhibition and IHA tests. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 37 animals. Growth inhibiting antibody was detected from 56 of the 200 animals. In the IHA tests, antibody titer greater than or equal to 1:80 were detected in 148 animals, 76 of these having antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:160, while sera of 116 normal control animals had no growth inhibiting antibody and none had IHA antibody titers greater than 1:40. M. bovigenitalium was isolated from the milk of three of 26 animals in a fifth herd during an outbreak of mastitis. Growth inhibiting antibodies were demonstrated in the sera of ten of the 26 animals. However, the IHA test detected antibody titers of greater than or equal to 1:160 in 13 animals and of 1:80 in one of the 26 animals. To determine the specificity of the IHA tests, M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens were reacted with rabbit hyperimmune typing sera produced against 12 species of bovine mycoplasmatales. Homologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of 1:1280 and 1:2560 against M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium respectively, whereas heterologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of less than or equal to 1:20. Also eight type-specific bovine antisera were reacted with M agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens in homologous and heterologous tests. Homoogous reactions showed IHA antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:320, whereas heterologous reactions showed IHA titers of less than or equal to 1:20. This IHA test promises to be useful for the detection of bovine mycoplasma antibodies in sera from cattle infected with M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. Thes test is sensitive, reproducible and specific and the technique is relatively simple and rapid. The antigens were stable for at least seven months.  (+info)

Experimental production of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of serological and immunological responses using pili fractions of Moraxella bovis. (5/57984)

The effect of vaccinating cattle and mice on the development of keratoconjunctivitis was studied. Cattle were vaccinated with whole cells, disrupted cells and pili fractions of three strains of Moraxella bovis. Mice were vaccinated with pili fractions of three strains. The resistance of all vaccinated animals was challenged with virulent cultures of M. bovis. In an attempt to correlate the response seen after vaccination and challenge with a pili fraction of M. bovis, vaccinated cattle and mice were grouped on the basis of signs of disease manifested and compared on the basis of serological responses. Serum samples were tested for antibodies by a gel diffusion precipitin test. A greater number of the sera of resistant cattle had antibodies to the homologous pili antigen than those of vaccinated nonresistant cattle. Cattle vaccinated with disrupted cells were not resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to challenge exposure by homologous than heterologous cultures. A greater number of the sera of resistant mice had antibodies to pili antigens than nonresistant mice.  (+info)

Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals. (6/57984)

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

Bovine mastitis in Ontario due to Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis. (7/57984)

Bovine mastitis caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis was first diagnosed in 16 of 55 cows in an Ontario herd in Feburary 1972. A total of 182 of 598 (30.4%) cows from 33 of 64 (51.5%) farms in widely separated areas of the province were culturally positive. Herd incidence varied from 15 to 40% with one closed herd having an incidence of 61%. Four herds were investigated culturally and serologically by the growth inhibition test for 15 months. In the acute phase the organism was present in the milk in extremely high numbers and could still be isolated from a few cows after eight to 12 months. The sera from 89.5% of the animals with clinical mycoplasma mastitis produced a zone of surface "film" and/or colony inhibition and some cows remained positive for six to 12 months. The disease was experimentally reproduced with a pure culture of the organism isolated from the milk of a cow from one of the herds.  (+info)

Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia. (8/57984)

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

Taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus), also called European cattle, are a subspecies of domesticated cattle originating in the Near East. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. Most modern breeds of cattle are taurine cattle. Genetic research suggests the entire modern stock of taurine cattle may have arisen from as few as 80 aurochs tamed in the upper reaches of Mesopotamia about 10,500 years ago near the villages of Çayönü in southeastern Turkey and Djade el Mughara in northern Iraq. The genome sequence of the Hereford breed of taurine cattle was published by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium in 2009. Indicine cattle Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). "Bos taurus". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN ...
No. of Report Pages: 102. Price (Single User Licence): $4000. Have any Query Regarding this Report? Contact us at: http://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/10389624. This Cattle Feed Sales Industry report also takes into account the past price of 2011-2015 and future price of 2016-2021 as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Cattle Feed Sales market forecasts. Additionally, the Cattle Feed Sales Market report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Cattle Feed Sales Market.. Several important topics included in the Cattle Feed Sales market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Cattle Feed Sales Market. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Cattle Feed Sales Industry. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Cattle Feed ...
Black Pied cattle refer to a range of some cattle breeds, including: Black Pied (Lowland): see Friesian cattle, group of breeds, and especially German Black Pied cattle Black Pied Aosta: see Aosta Black Pied cattle Black Pied Breton: see Breton Black Pied cattle Black Pied Danish: see Danish Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch: see Dutch Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch Friesian, Dutch Black Pied cattle free of Holstein blood Black Pied East Belgian: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Hervé: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Jutland: see Jutland Black Pied cattle Black Pied Podolian: see Podolian Black Pied cattle Black Pied Polders: see Polders Black Pied cattle Black Pied Valdostana: see Aosta Black Pied cattle see also Belgian Black Pied Czech Black Pied German Black Pied Dairy cattle Russian Black Pied, incl. Central Russian Black Pied Siberian Black Pied Ural Black Pied Swiss Black Pied (= Black Spotted): see Swiss Holstein Mason, Ian Lauder: A world dictionary of livestock ...
Texas British White Cattle Breeder - British White Cattle ranch in East Texas breeding for excellence in Grassfed British White cattle. All cattle dual registered with the BWCAA and the American British White Park Cattle Association. British White cattle are an ancient polled breed, long revered for their beauty, gentle disposition, and beef quality. This British White Cattle Ranch in SouthEast Texas is raising registered British White replacement heifers, bulls, and seedstock cows. British White cattle are noted for outstanding Fertility, Longevity, Milkiness, Calving Ease, Disposition, and Carcass. This Texas British White site offers indepth research into the history of the polled British White cow and the horned White Park breed, both referred to as Park cattle, White Forest cattle, Wild White Cattle, and White Park Cattle over the lapse of centuries of breeding and adoration by British White cattle breeders.
Sale Gross - $444,450. $50,000 - Semen Syndicate - AHCC Earning Power 900E ET, 2/8/2017, 81% Limousin, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by MAGS Anchor, out of LVLS 9066U, purchased by Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo., members of the semen syndicate include: MR Limousin, Diamond Hill Cattle Company, ATAK Limousin, Buff Beef Cattle, 4-H Limousin, TTT Farms, Franseen Limousin, Venner Limousin, Graven Land & Cattle, Lakeside Limousin, Circle R Limousin, Beckman Livestock, Jones Brothers, Lewis Limousin and TMJ Cattle Company.. $15,500 - Bull - Lot 20, AHCC Endless Power 0901E ET, 3/4/2017, Lim-Flex, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by SAV Resource 1441, out of LVLS 9066U, syndicate consisting of Graven Land & Cattle, Lebanon, Mo.; Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo; Tubmill Creek Farms, New Florence, Pa.; Diamond Hill Cattle Company, Newcastle, Okla.; and Wulf Cattle, Morris, Minn. purchased this herd sire prospect.. $10,500 - Cow Family Package - Lot 107, package ...
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n=5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n=7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n=3), or both FF and cull cattle (n=2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety of phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1% and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4% and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1% and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5% and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%
Because of their native environment, the cattle are very hardy and can survive the Scottish winters, which are typically harsh, with snowfall and storms. Cows typically weigh 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) and bulls weigh 850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Calves are usually born smaller than is acceptable for the market, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is needed for veal production.. The cattle are naturally polled and black in colour. They typically mature earlier than other native British breeds such as the Hereford or North Devon. However, in the middle of the 20th century a new strain of cattle called the Red Angus emerged. The United States does not accept Red Angus cattle into herd books, while the UK and Canada do. Except for their colour genes, there is no genetic difference between black and red Angus, but they are regarded as different breeds in the US. However, there have been claims that black angus are more sustainable to cold weather, though unconfirmed.. The cattle have a large muscle ...
MGA® is a hormone material added to the ration of feedlot heifers. It improves rate of gain and feed utilization and suppresses estrus in feedlot heifers. Rate of gain was improved 10.3 percent and feed efficiency 6.5 percent in an average of 47 trials. MGA® may be combined with Rumensin or Bovatec in supplements or rations offered to heifers.. Bovatec® are feed additives that change rumen fermentation and improve the feed conversions of feedlot cattle by approximately 8 to 10 percent. Both are effective for steers and heifers fed growing or finishing rations. They give some protection against acidosis and founder when cattle are fed high-grain rations. Rumensin® has reduced feed intake with little change in rate of gain for cattle fed high-grain rations. Bovatec® has shown some improvement in daily gain for cattle fed high-energy rations.. Rumensin® has increased rate of gain and feed efficiency of cattle fed corn silage and other roughage rations. Cattle on pasture or those fed ...
Latest Cattle industry news, Cattle farming features and cattle related recipes plus detailed information on managing cattle health, treating cattle diseases and much more. Quality information for the cattle vet, producer and enthusiast.
The worlds first genome study of indigenous African cattle shed light on new genes, diversity and even adaptation to the eco-system.. The so-called "African Cattle Complex" is considered an asset of the Africa economy and society. Also considered as walking larder, as a great source of food, milk, hides and manure. Cattle are also considered as status of power and status.. But the rich diversity of around 150 cattle breed facing many challenges like diseases, vector borne ailments, and climatic pressure.. Now, a team of international scientists led by Olivier Hanotte from the University of Nottingham have drafted the genomes of five important breeds of African cattle that revealed some amazing environmental adaptations, and new genetic makeup. The findings could help in better breeding future programs in the region.. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and Professor Heebal Kim from Seoul National University also played an important role in the genome ...
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Marshall and Ernst Windsor have run their herd of Hereford cows for almost 40 years now. Their operation is built around breeding and advancing genetics. Ernsts predilection is towards Herefords due to their sturdy build, adaptable nature, and their dependability during times of drought.. In 2001, the Ernsts moved their cattle ranch to Windsor. From then until 2012, the area of Windsor suffered from severe drought, and along with the rest of the industry, Ernsts herd suffered, with his cattle herd numbers dwindling significantly.. However, because of his Herefords, Ernst made it through a difficult time. And as the cattle industry undergoes even more changes, he expects to rely on the Herefords to help see him through once more.. Because of the drought, cattle numbers were dangerously low. And paired with a high beef demand, cattle prices hit an all-time high in 2015. As this perfect storm continues, the beef industry has slowly but surely begun to rebuild.. And the timing couldnt be better. ...
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday quoted choice boxed beef cutout at $241.70/cwt, up $2.57 from Tuesday and the highest in more than two years (all figures US$). Select cutout fell 25 cents, to $214.27, but was up from $200.58/cwt a week ago.. As a result, strong beef packer margins "give them (processors) incentive to kill more cattle, which solves some of the problem of Tyson being shut down," Brugler said.. CME live cattle futures tumbled last week as news of the Tyson fire threatened to curb demand for fat cattle. But the market rallied on Monday after government data showed that last weeks U.S. cattle slaughter came in above expectations, despite the loss of the Kansas plant.. On Tuesday, CME October live cattle futures ended up 1.775 cents at 100 cents/lb., and October feeder cattle settled up 0.475 cent at 133.65 cents/lb.. Live cattle futures drew additional support from expectations of higher cash cattle trade this week, given rising beef cut-out values, Brugler said. Cash ...
Aside from Chicago MercantileExchange spot February live cattle futures, remaining contractsdrew support on Monday from last weeks bullish biannual cattleinventory report, analysts and traders said. Fridays data showed tighter cattle numbers ahead with theU.S. cattle herd at the smallest in 61 years after drought drovefeed costs to record highs last summer. CME live cattle spot February settled down slightlyon cash cattle price caution. Also, some traders exited the contract to avoid likelydeliveries. Monday was the first notice day for cattledeliveries against the spot month that will expire on Feb. 28. CME spot February live cattle closed at 127.075cents per lb, down 0.025 cent. April ended up 0.100 centto 132.275 cents and June finished at 128.000 cents,0.250 cent higher. Investors wait for cattle in the cash market to changehands. Cash cattle last week moved at mostly $122 to $124 percwt, feedlot sources said. Wintry weather in the western Plains reduced the movement
One of the main attractions for guests, often bringing them back year after year, is the opportunity to work with Rocco and Annies cattle from the cattle ranch. Since the cattle typically graze on Sweet Grass Ranch lands for a portion of the summer, Sweet Grass Ranch guests have the opportunity to learn first hand about the challenges and joys of caring for a herd of grass-fed, range cattle, monitoring their health and moving them to new grazing grounds as water and grass vitality dictates.. We may do some cattle work on any given week, and are sometimes checking fences, grass conditions, and putting out salt and minerals. On these working rides, guests are always invited to join in whenever they desire a taste of the cowboy life. Please be aware that we do not work cattle every week, so if this is an important part of your vacation, you must verify cattle work with us in advance when booking.. For those looking for that working ranch experience of a cattle drive, there are certain weeks we are ...
Healthy teeth are important in the first stages of digestion for dairy cattle, yet little is known about bovine dental disease. This study aimed to investigate dental pathology of dairy cattle in two parts. First dairy cattle cadaver heads (n=11) were examined at the time of culling. Second, the authors performed oral exams in cattle fed a total mixed ration (TMR) (n=200) and pasture-based (n=71) grazing cattle. Cadaver heads were imaged using radiography and computed tomography before gross dissection to study dental anatomy and pathology. The most prevalent dental abnormalities were excessive transverse ridging of the occlusal surface, the presence of diastemas and third molar dental overgrowths (M3DO) in cadaver heads. Average thickness of subocclusal dentine ranged from 3.5 mm to 5.8 mm in cheek teeth but was ,10 mm in maxillary teeth with M3DO. Radiographic findings were compared with oral examinations in live cattle. Prevalence of M3DO upon oral examination was 19 per cent and 28 per cent ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Restriction of vitamin A and D in beef cattle finishing diets on feedlot performance and adipose accretion. AU - Pickworth, C. L.. AU - Loerch, Steven. AU - Fluharty, F. L.. PY - 2012/6/1. Y1 - 2012/6/1. N2 - Feedlot producers often exceed NRC recommendations for vitamin A and D supplementation; however, increased concentrations of these vitamins have been shown to limit adipocyte differentiation in vitro. A feedlot trial was conducted using 168 Angus crossbred steers (BW = 284 ± 0.4 kg) allotted to 24 pens. The experiment had a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments: no supplemental vitamin A or D (NAND), 3,750 IU vitamin A/kg dietary DM with no supplemental vitamin D (SAND), no supplemental vitamin A and 1,860 IU vitamin D/kg dietary DM (NASD), and 3,750 IU and 1,860 IU vitamin A and D/ kg dietary DM (SASD), respectively. Serum, liver, and intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissue retinol concentrations were decreased in (P , 0.001) in cattle fed the no supplemental ...
* May placements up 12.0 pct vs year ago * June 1 feedlot cattle at 103.0 pct of year ago * Marketings in May up 9.0 pct vs year ago * Report mildly bearish for CME live cattle futures By Theopolis Waters CHICAGO, June 23 (Reuters) - U.S. ranchers during May drove12.0 percent more cattle into feedlots than a year earlier, themost for the month in a decade, the U.S. Department ofAgriculture reported on Friday, topping average predictions. Higher cattle prices paid by packers last month generatedmore profits for feedlot operators, allowing them to buy morecalves for fattening. Cattle that entered feedyards last month will be ready forprocessing beginning around October, analysts said. On Monday, Chicago Mercantile Exchange live cattle futures may see a mildly bearish response to Fridays reportbecause placements were not as high as some investors hadanticipated, said analysts. Market participants will mainly focus on next weeks cattleand wholesale beef prices, they said,
Calving is a key event on a dairy cattle farm and successful calvings are important to financial success of the farm. Calving complications lead to an increase in veterinary and labour costs and a decrease in revenue (loss of animals and/or reduced subsequent performance) [1-3]. Furthermore, difficult calvings compromise animal welfare and thereby consumer acceptability of dairy production systems [4].. In recent years, dairy cattle breeders have shown an increasing interest in selection for functional traits [5] and gradually the focus of selection is shifting from traits that increase profit towards traits that reduce costs [6]. For example, easy parturition and calf viability are economically important traits but are not classical production traits. Since genetic selection could improve calving performance, it is important to include calving traits in genetic evaluations, although their implementation is not straightforward.. Calving ease (CE) and stillbirth (SB) are phenotypes that are ...
The LL steaks exhibited greater (p,0.05) redness (a* values) than PM counterparts on days 5 and 9 (Figure 1), whereas both muscles demonstrated similar (p, 0.05) values on day 0. The differences in a* values observed between LL and PM steaks could be attributed to the differences on muscle fiber characteristics [7,27]. The PM is composed mainly of fiber type I, which exhibits greater Mb concentration [8,27] and oxidative metabolism [8] than the muscles composed of fiber type IIB, such as LL [27]. This in turn favors the oxidation of Mb to metmyoglobin [6,21] decreasing redness in PM than in LL steaks [15,21]. In addition, the decrease on a* values could be attributed to the low levels of antioxidant proteins in PM than in LL, which in turn favors Mb oxidation resulting in a rapid decline in redness of PM [14]. In agreement, a greater redness in LL than in PM steaks has been previously reported in Bos taurus [11,15] and Chinese Luxi cattle [21]) cattle during storage. Canto et al [16] documented ...
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Latest Cattle industry news, Cattle farming features and cattle related recipes plus detailed information on managing cattle health, treating cattle diseases and much more. Quality information for the cattle vet, producer and enthusiast.
The beef cycle begins with the cow-calf operation, which breeds the new calves. Most ranchers breed their herds of cows in summer, thus producing the new crop of calves in spring (the gestation period is about nine months). This allows the calves to be born during the milder weather of spring and provides the calves with ample forage through the summer and early autumn. The calves are weaned from the mother after six to eight months and then usually spend six to ten months in the stocker operation, growing to near full-sized. When the cattle reach 600-800 pounds, they are typically sent to a feedlot and become "feeder cattle.". In the feedlot, the cattle are fed a special food mix to encourage rapid weight gain. The animal is considered "finished" when it reaches full weight and is ready for slaughter, typically at around 1,200 pounds, which produces a dressed carcass of around 745 pounds. After reaching full weight, the cattle are sold for slaughter to a meat packing plant.. When dealing with ...
Animal Production in Australia ACCOUNTING FOR DIFFERENCES IN GROWTH RATES BETWEEN HEREFORD AND SAHIWAL-HEREFORD CATTLE USED IN PASTURE STUDIES G.B. ROBBINS* and C.R. ESDALE* SUMMARY Differences in liveweight gains of cattle are frequently used to compare productivity of pastures but results may be confounded by change in genotype of cattle. It is therefore often necessary to compare growth rates of different genotypes grazing similar forages in order to account for differences in growth rates of the genotypes on various forages. Growth rates of 50 first generation 3/8 Sahiwal 5/8 Hereford (SaH) and 10 Hereford (H) steers were therefore compared over 16 months from weaning. Animals grazed a range of pastures and crops and were finished in a feedlot. Mean growth rates during 21 day periods varied from 0.00 to 1.30 kg/hd/d for SaH and -0.41 to 1.30 kg/hd/d for H. Growth rates (Average daily gain, ADG) of the two genotypes were linearly correlated (P , 0.05) by the following equation: 2 R = 0.81 ADG ...
The bacteria, which cause severe gastrointestinal illness and even death in humans, are spread by consuming contaminated food and water, or by contact with livestock faeces in the environment. Cattle are the main reservoir for the bacterium. The study, published online in the journal PNAS, used veterinary, human and molecular data to examine the risks of E. coli O157 transmission from cattle to humans, and to estimate the impact of vaccinating cattle. The risk of E. coli O157 infection is particularly significant when the cattle are super-shedding - excreting extremely high numbers of bacteria in their faeces for a limited period of time. Vaccines against the bacteria exist that can reduce super-shedding. As a consequence, the researchers predict that vaccinating cattle could reduce human cases by nearly 85%, far higher than the 50% predicted by studies simply looking at the efficacy of current vaccines in cattle. The research was led by a team of researchers at the University of Glasgow in ...
Chicago Mercantile Exchangelive cattle futures notched their biggest gains in 11months on Wednesday, boosted by optimism for higher cash cattleprices and technical buying, traders and analysts said. Higher cattle sales at a weekly online auction helped totrigger the rally. Feeder cattle and lean hog futures also were mostly higher. Front-month October live cattle jumped by their dailyprice limit of 3.000 cents before settling up 2.975 cents higherat 110.950 cents per pound, highest since Aug. 8. The percentagegains of 2.8 were the largest since Oct. 20, 2016. The Fed Cattle Exchange hasnt been too big of a focuslately but today it did trade some volume - that was thecatalyst, said U.S. Commodities president Don Roose. Out of 1,450 cattle on offer at the online auction, 636 headsold for an average price of $106.67 per cwt, according to theauction website. That is up from last weeks sales of 128 headat $104.75 per cwt. The higher prices suggested beef
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The Cattle Industry Convention is the oldest and largest convention for the cattle business. The 2015 convention will be the 117th annual convention. The convention and trade show create a unique, fun environment for cattle industry members to come together to network, create policy for the industry and to have some fun!
This study examines issues that arise when modeling risk associated with fed cattle production. While research concerning crop yield and revenue risks are numerous, studies focusing on production risk in livestock are much less frequent. The first essay evaluates the relationship among four variables associated with the health and performance of feedlot cattle, and the resulting production and profit risk. The four variables of interest include feed conversion rates, average daily gain, veterinary costs, and mortality rates, which are conditional on characteristics that are known when the pen is placed into a commercial feedlot. Conditional variables include gender, average weight, feedlot location, and season of placement. A multivariate Tobit model is used to characterize the relationship among the four dependent variables, where each element in the covariance matrix is conditional on placement characteristics. The second essay focuses on modeling cattle mortality rates, alone and as part of a ...
Cattle refers to a domesticated species of large hoofed bovine mammals. A common error is to refer to all cattle as cows, but this is incorrect; male cattle are called bulls. Cow is the term for female cattle (as well as females of several other species, such as some marine mammals). Cows usually have prominent pink breasts on their underbellies called udders. Cattle are highly social animals, bonding to their herdmates (or, particularly if isolated, to human caregivers). They engage in social grooming and play. ...
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U.S. cattle on feed were down 5% from a year ago, a trend that resurfaced in the Iowa Cattle on Feed report as well. In the 11 major states, cattle on feed were down 5% April first at 10.9 million head, which was a larger than expected figure.
Chicago Mercantile Exchange livecattle futures closed higher on Monday on a technicalshort-covering bounce after the steep slide of prices on Fridayand the market showed a lack of momentum to the upside, traderssaid. We opened higher, turned down on liquidation and thenbounced back so everybody is waiting to see where we go fromhere, said Jim Clarkson, a broker for A&A Trading Inc. The showlists (number of market ready fed cattle) are downsubstantially this week but the market still looks ugly to me. CME February cattle were up 0.425 cents per lb at126.875 cents and April cattle were up 0.225 cents at130.350 cents. Some position-squaring was noted after cattle futurestumbled on Friday following the U.S. governments projection ofa big increase in beef production this year and onlower-than-expected prices for cash cattle. Although the cattle futures market ended firm on Monday,traders and analysts said the market trend lacked conviction. Boxed beef continues to work lower
FAIRPLAY, Colo.-A Park County District Court judge has barred a rancher who had dead animals on his property from owning, managing, controlling or possessing cattle in the county. Rancher Vernon E. Wagner said Monday he plans to appeal. Colorado agriculture department staff last year seized 379 cattle from Wagner, saying they had found about 140 dead cattle on his land. Last week, a judge ordered a permanent injunction barring Wagner from having cattle, saying there was evidence he hadnt provided adequate nutrition for them. A court-appointed receiver is caring for his surviving cattle until they are sold. Wagner continues to raise horses. The 78-year-old says his land has lush grass and water for cattle. He contends he was targeted because he has 130,000 acres that others want to control.. ...
Post and photos by Marlboro Man. We had to go to the farm in Waurika again last weekend to ship the last of the cattle we had down there. Our farm is on the southern end of the state, less than twenty miles from the Texas line. Our ranch in Osage County, is on the northern end of the state, about thirteen miles from the Kansas line. Its about a four hour drive from our ranch to the farm, so when we go to the farm, we try to get as much done as possible.. The reason we call it "the farm" is that it is primarily a farming operation. We plant over 3,500 acres of wheat, then use it to graze cattle in the winter and spring. In the warmer climate of southern Oklahoma, the wheat will grow almost all winter long, providing an excellent source of pasture for grazing and fattening cattle.. Grazing cattle on wheat during the winter is common practice for many wheat farmers in this area, but most of them will pull the cattle off in February or March, then go ahead and let the wheat grow so they can harvest ...
Purinas Wind and Rain® Fly Control with Altosid® (IGR) is a line of beef cattle minerals helps prevent the breeding of horn flies in the manure of treated cattle; designed to address the mineral deficiencies of the available forage in a palatable, weather-resistant, granular formula. Wind and Rain® Storm® cattle minerals large particle size and special formulation keeps the mineral from absorbing water and blowing out of the feeder. Click here for guaranteed analysis and more information.. ...
Australian Cattle Dog. Australian Cattle dog Complete Owners Manual. Australian Cattle dog Book for Care, Costs, Feeding, Grooming, Health and Training. download free PDF and Ebook Writer George Hoppendale in English published by IMB PUBLISHING AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG
These awards continue an RDS involvement in cattle breeding which began with the first Spring Show on the lawn of Leinster House in 1831. Following on the success of the first RDS Champion of Champions in 2006, the Awards have now grown to include all the major cattle societies.. Each summer leading cattle breeders travel the length and breadth of Ireland to compete at the premier livestock shows. At the end of the season the animals that proved their excellence with numerous show successes are nominated by their cattle breed societies for the RDS Champion of Champions. Each breeds Champion of Champions receives a cheque for €1,000, an RDS Silver Medal and their breeds perpetual RDS Spring Show trophy ...
Feeding grain based feedlot rations to cattle offers farmers the flexibility to finish cattle quickly, to take advantage of good quality feeder cattle, good feed prices or favourable markets.. In order to take advantage of these opportunities, small and large feedlot operators must look at all the factors involved with feedlotting and in particular the management of cattle being fed high grain diets. Adaptation of cattle onto these high grain diets is of critical importance and may often determine the success of feedlotting ventures.. ...
On Tuesday 20th August Harrison & Hetherington Ltd held their fortnightly sale of store cattle at Lockerbie Auction Mart.. Cattle once again excedded expectations and were a good trade throughout all things considered. The finishing trade remains low and this has had an effect on the store prices, however, not to the extent that one may think.. Next store cattle sale at Lockerbie will be Tuesday 2nd September. For further details please contact Auctioneers Joel McGarva 07909985770, Michael Stewart 07753720323 or Cameron Robertson 07836233042.. Leading prices per head:. Steers: Aberdeen Angus £965 Cumstone Farm Hereford £845 Keyla Park Limousin £700, £690, £640(x2), £600, £540, £520 Cumstone Farm. Heifers: British Blue £1115, £730 Laverockhall Limousin £860 Bridge End, £740, £575(x2) Laverockhall, £650 Cumstone Farm Aberdeen Angus £805, £690 Bridge End, £780 Keyla Park, £700 Courtstein Charolais £750, £720, £700 Craigielandshill. Leading prices per kilo:. Heifers: British ...
Main cattle production characteristics: population of cattle by age category and sex; number of dairy cows and suckler cows; calf natality and losses; average milk yield; production and sales of milk; production of cattle for slaughter ...
Santa Gertrudis Breeders International announces delivery dates for National Steer Feedout # 8. Purebred and percentage Santa Gertrudis steers born in the fall of 2006 should be delivered to King Ranch Feedyard, Kingsville, Texas during the week of June 25 30.
Some cattle grow like weeds; some hit the high-grade targets. Some do both, some neither. Thats the way it goes in the world of commodity cattle. But cattle can be so much more, adding profit throughout the supply chain.
Pain in cattle can arise though disease or injury or may result from veterinary or husbandry procedures. Controlling pain is important to safeguard animal welfare. Previous studies indicated that the use of analgesics in cattle has lagged behind use in companion animals. Over the last decade, more analgesic products have become available for use in cattle and there have been increased efforts to communicate the importance and benefits of analgesia. A questionnaire (based on that used in a similar study published in 2006) was sent to UK cattle practitioners asking them to score pain severity for several conditions of cattle and asking about their attitudes towards and use of analgesic medicines. A total of 242 surveys were returned. Male clinicians and those graduating before 1990 scored pain severity significantly lower and were significantly less likely to use NSAIDs. Generally, use of NSAIDs was more common for conditions assigned higher pain scores. However, uptake of NSAID use was much lower ...
Holstein Association USA is the worlds largest dairy cattle breed organization, offering information services to all dairy producers. The Holstein Association offers dairy cattle identification, genetic evaluation, type evaluation, mating programs and inbreeding management programs to improve dairy herd management.
Bœufs près du fleuve" ("Cattle near the river"). "Au bord du Nkomati [Incomáti]. Bœufs à labreuvoir" ("On the bank of the Nkomati [Incomáti]. Cattle at the watering place"). Photographie du bétail dAntioka au bord du Incomáti. Au premier plan, sur la gauche, des bœufs, un arbre. À larrière plan, sur la droite, trois hommes dorigine africaine, un bateau, le fleuve.Photograph of cattle on the bank of the Incomáti. In the foreground, on the left, the cattle, a tree. In the background, on the right, three men of African origin, a boat, the river ...
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MARKS cattle were the thrill and satisfaction of Emil Marks to raise and enjoy. The late Emil Marks was fondly remembered by Maudeen and Travis who actively pursued the goals of their wise old father. Mr. Marks raised a lot of twisty horned, brindle cattle, with strong red, dun and brown coloration. Most of the pure Marks blood was lost in the late 1960s as a result of Bangs disease. Hardly any high percentage Marks cattle remain. The old pure Marks were often of a V shape horn style similar to Brahman. Marks cattle were often very quiet and easy to train for riding or pulling wagons and believed to possess oxen origin. The numbers available today of the pure Marks blood have been diluted and are no doubt the smallest in number of the seven families. Emil Marks was a friend of Cap Yates and did at times trade or sell to the Yates family. The Marks cattle were then a part of the old Yates stock but probably not a large part considering the massive number in the Yates herd. The Marks herd ran on ...
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Once upon a time, cows lived in pastures and grazed on grass, living a life that was as quiet and peaceful as their bovine nature. But then, somebody discovered that feeding cattle cheap, subsidized corn would fatten them up two to three times as fast as grass and that you could raise hundreds of cattle in the same pastoral space that would only support a few. Thus began the era of modern feedlot cattle.. The truth is, a cows stomach is made to eat grass - and only grass. Corn is a grain (not a vegetable, as many think) and is harmful to a cows health and digestion. Corn-fed cows raised on a feedlot are kept in cramped, dirty conditions and because of their grain diet become sick so quickly that they need to be given frequent doses of antibiotics just to keep them alive long enough to make it to slaughter. (Heres one heart-breaking image you wont soon forget.). That sounds pretty awful, but for an industry focused on profit, the equation of corn plus growth hormones makes for fast-fattening ...
7.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview. 8 Dairy Cattle Feed Manufacturing Cost Analysis. 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders. 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis 12 Global Dairy Cattle Feed Market Forecast (2017-2022). 13 Research Findings and Conclusion. Purchase This Report -http://www.reportsweb.com/buy&RW0001685564/buy/2900 And Get,. Discount on Report Purchase - http://www.reportsweb.com/inquiry&RW0001685564/discount. Contact Us: ...
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Istrian cattle is primarily a working breed, historically used by the Istrian farmer for work in the field, which also pulled carts with heavy loads of Istrian stone and Istrian oak across long distances on rugged terrain during the Roman and Venetian occupation, for the purpose of building monumental buildings in Istria and as foundations for Serenissima - Venice.As a result of an abundance of other, highly meaty breeds with higher weight yield over less time, and the use of agricultural machinery, Boškarin has come to the brink of extinction. From 50 000 head in the 1950s and 1960s, Istrian cattle dropped to only some 100 head in 1990s.. However, thanks to the unique bond between the people of Istria and their cattle that has sustained them in Istria for thousands of years, the breed was rescued from extinction. Istrian cattle now have new economic and tourist significance and their meat has become a premium gourmet delicacy. Within the program for permanent protection of Istrian cattle, the ...
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Enjoy a long weekend in the great outdoors, full of beautiful views of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the distance and working more than 100 head of cattle with Tom and Pat Seay. This is the perfect adventure for riders and horses of any experience level, whether youve worked with cattle before or not.. Tom shows guests how to do a variety of events from horseback, including working cattle and team penning. Riders and horses new to cattle will have time to slowly acclimate to moving cattle during Friday morning. All of our guests are treated to delicious hot meals throughout the weekend, cooked right here at the farm and served to you family-style around the long dining table. Guests are also invited to take part in guided trail rides around the property, relaxing catch-and-release fishing at the stocked pond or Mountain Run stream, and target practice and instruction on our new target range!. ...
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MADISON, Wis.-Cattle brought from Minnesota to Wisconsin no longer have to be tested for bovine tuberculosis. The requirement for TB testing dates back to 2005, when state animal-health authorities discovered an infected beef herd in northwestern Minnesota. That led federal officials to downgrade Minnesotas TB status, and several states imposed import requirements on cattle from there. Wisconsins agriculture department says Minnesota has since eliminated the disease, and that U.S. agriculture officials have restored Minnesotas TB-free status. Thats good enough for Wisconsin state veterinarian Robert Ehlenfeldt. Following the federal action this month, he has removed the last testing requirement for cattle brought from Minnesota to Wisconsin. Those cattle will now be subject to the same inspection requirements as those from other states. The requirements include official identification and certificates of veterinary inspection.. ...
US - USDAs May Cattle on Feed report said there were 1.3 per cent more cattle on feed than a year ago. April placements were up a surprising 7.5 per cent and April marketings were up 1.2 per cent, write Ron Plain and Scott Brown, Ag Economics, MU.
A 190- d calf fed finishing study, utilizing 240 steers, was conducted to determine the effects of supplementing finishing cattle with bypass amino acids (methionine and lysine) on growth performance. Three treatments (control, methionine, methionine and lysine) were evaluated with 8 pens/trt. All cattle were fed a 40% Sweet Bran, 50% high moisture corn basal diet. Supplementing with bypass amino acids did not affect live cattle performance, and only small differences in 12th rib fat and USDA marbling score were observed. Lack of any dramatic changes in performance suggests these calves were not deficient in methionine or lysine.
Cattle on Feed Report : USDA Actual Average Guess Range. Cattle on Feed January 1 108.0% 107.5% 107.0-108.0%. Placed in December 101.0% 97.0% 93.5-100.5%. Marketed in December 99.0% 98.5% 98.0-100.5%. The Jan. 1 on-feed report just released looks generally well anticipated. The December placement total turned out to be a bit larger than anticipated, but probably not seen as a greater shocker. With the 2017 placement record now complete, only February of last year saw feedlot in-movement fall below the previous year. December marketing did fall somewhat below late 2016, but keep in mind that last month contained one fewer business days than the year before. We see little here that will push futures one way or the other when business resumes on Monday.. Listen Here: http://krvnam.streamon.fm/listen-pl-3338. ...
... , Thousands of cattle are regularly mustered from vast paddocks on Outback cattle stations in Australia. Helicopters, bull catchers, quad bikes, motorbikes and horses are used to round up the cattle and move them to the yards where they are usually divided up and loaded for export or sent back to the paddocks to grow some more. Young men and women, known as ringers, carry out the hard, dusty work.
Veterinary Informatics & Research Co. of Rolling Meadows is currently recruiting cattle farmers, feedlots and people within the Illinois cattle industry to participate in an animal health study. That study will track the use and prices of common veterinary products - such as vaccines and antibiotics - for large animals. The company cited the following benefits to the cattle industry: • Promotes more accurate forecasting of supply and demand; • Encourages competitive pricing between manufacturers;
USDAs September Cattle on Feed report had some surprises in it, says Ron Plain, University of Missouri extension economist. "The trade was looking for placements to be down a bit from a year ago, but USDA said we placed 7.1% more cattle on feed during the month of August then we did a year ago." ...
Uniquely selected breeds bred over thousands of years of domestication in a wide range of environments have been declared extinct over the last century. Still more breeds are at risk of becoming extinct and the rate continues to accelerate. Assessing the current status and possible future dynamics of livestock breeds is therefore a critical step in the management of Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR). This study applies a qualitative approach to comprehensively analyze cattle genetic resources in selected countries in order to better understand the risk status of cattle breeds and those that need to be considered extinct and/or quasi-extant. The status of each breed, i.e., not at risk, critical, endangered and extinct, was verified using information available at the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) web site, as well as cattle statistics (where available) and a breed survey. In most examples, breeds listed as extinct have played important roles in the development of new breeds, and
Uniquely selected breeds bred over thousands of years of domestication in a wide range of environments have been declared extinct over the last century. Still more breeds are at risk of becoming extinct and the rate continues to accelerate. Assessing the current status and possible future dynamics of livestock breeds is therefore a critical step in the management of Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR). This study applies a qualitative approach to comprehensively analyze cattle genetic resources in selected countries in order to better understand the risk status of cattle breeds and those that need to be considered extinct and/or quasi-extant. The status of each breed, i.e., not at risk, critical, endangered and extinct, was verified using information available at the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) web site, as well as cattle statistics (where available) and a breed survey. In most examples, breeds listed as extinct have played important roles in the development of new breeds, and
Receipts: 1833 Last Week: 2325 Year Ago: 2179 Compared to last week; feeder steers, heifers, and Holstein steers all sold mostly steady. There was some firmness noted on calves under 500 lbs and yearlings over 700 lbs, but also spots of weakness evident on middle- weight feeders from 500-700 lbs. Demand was fairly good throughout and noticeably better for the Wean-Vac portion of the sale, which made up a smaller percentage of receipts than normal. Fed cattle traded 4.00-5.00 higher in the Western feedlots on Wednesday from 101.00-102.00, but corn was nearly up the limit. Supplies included 41 percent steers, 33 percent heifers, 14 percent feeder bulls, and only 12 percent Holsteins. Around 33 percent of the cattle weighed over 600 lbs. Feeder Steers: Medium and Large 1 300-400 lbs 130.00-138.00; 400-450 lbs 124.00-132.00; 450-500 lbs 117.00-120.00; 500-600 lbs 110.50-117.00; 600-700 lbs 106.50-113.50, unweaned 105.00-109.50; pkg 720 lbs unweaned 106.50; 750- 800 lb yearlings 108.00-109.00. Medium ...
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Cattle supplies are anticipated to remain tight in 2018 with only a small rise forecast in adult slaughter to 7.4 million head, as the herd rebuild continues. A dry winter/spring across many parts of Australia resulted in higher than expected turn-off in the second half of 2017, which is likely to result in another restricted year for cattle flow in 2018. If the three-month rainfall outlook from the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) comes to fruition, it is likely to see tight supplies in certain regions, particularly through the mid part of the year.. After a record year for carcase weights in 2017, 2018 will likely see this drop back in line with long-term trends. This, combined with the forecasted increase in slaughter, would see beef production lifting 1% to 2.17 million tonnes carcase weight (cwt).. A lower number of cattle on feed is expected after the highs seen in 2017, where there were three consecutive quarters with over one million head on feed. A decline towards the 850,000-950,000 head ...
DENVER - Despite a secretly taped video showing workers at a Southern California slaughterhouse abusing sick or crippled animals, nearly all cattle bound for American dinner tables are treated humanely, a cattle industry spokesman said Monday.
Range Beef Cow Symposium XX December 11-13, 2007, Fort Collins, Colorado The Impacts of the U.S. Corn/Ethanol Policy on the U.S. Cattle Industry Andrew Gottschalk Sr VicePresident, R J OBrien & Associates Owner, HedgersEdge.com, LLC
United States Cattle on Feed Down 6 Percent Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.0 million head on August...
Receipts: 1734 Last Week: 764 Year Ago: 1078 Compared to two weeks ago, feeder steers and heifers sold 2.00 to 4.00 higher with spots of 5.00 to 6.00 higher, particularly on steers over 650 lbs. Slaughter cows 2.00 to 4.00 higher. Buyers were ready to get back to business after the holiday break at the local barn, and with several auctions shut down for the remainder of the year, demand was good for all weights and classes of cattle. A big thaw is expected by the end of the week, along with some rain in the forecast, and producers took the opportunity to market their stock before mud becomes a big issue. A Special Stock Cow Sale was held in conjunction with the regular weekly sale, featuring several partial dispersals. Supply moderate to heavy. Cows and bulls accounted for 57 percent of the total offering. The feeder supply consisted of 65 percent steers and bulls and 35 percent heifers; 59 percent of all the feeder cattle weighed over 600 lbs. Feeder Steers Medium and Large 1 Head Wt Range Avg ...
Seller agrees, when the origin of a buyer is unknown, to inquire as to how the buyer(s) found the cattle.. If sold to a buyer originating from TCR, Seller agrees to remit payment in accordance with TCRs Fee Schedule for the actual number sold, whether more or less than the number listed. Seller also agrees to notify TCR when the cattle are sold, whether or not sold to a buyer originating from the website. TCR is also entitled to a sale fee if you sell cattle not listed for sale to a buyer originating from the website.. ...
Wednesdays USDA cattle slaughter was 109,000 head versus 93,000 head a year ago. April live cattle is trading at 113.90, up 0.20 cents/lb. June live cattle ...
United States Cattle on Feed Down 1 Percent Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.1 million head on October...
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How to Identify British White Cattle. This is an in-depth guide on how to identify British White cattle. British Whites are not related to White Park or American White Park cattle. Do a search on the Internet or a cattle breeds book on...
Ovulation: Release of the female germ cell (egg or ovum) by the ovary. Cows usually ovulate several hours (up to 15 hours) after the end of estrus or standing heat.. Palatability: Acceptable to the taste or sufficiently agreeable in flavor to be eaten.. Parturition: The act of giving birth; calving.. Pedigree: A tabulation of names of an individuals ancestors, usually only those of the three to five closest generations. Pedigree information is used to establish genetic relationships among individuals to use in genetic evaluations.. Pone Fat: The fat deposited on either side of the tail. Tail pones are useful in predicting quality grade in all cattle, especially dairy and exotic breeds. Animals showing no fat deposits on either side of the tail head should be considered for the standard quality grade. Select quality grade will show only small amounts of pone fat (about the size of a tennis ball) and choice grade cattle will show moderate amounts of pone fat (about the size of a soft ...
According to the February 2018 USDA Cattle on Feed Report, the total inventory of U.S. cattle and calves on feed in 1,000+ capacity feedlots was 11.6 million head, up 8% from February 2017.
By Emily Wilmes, University of Minnesota Extension. ST. CLOUD, Minn. (07/27/2017) - As all beef producers know, high summer temperatures can lead to heat stress in their cattle. Heat stress can cause all sorts of problems, including reductions in breeding efficiency, milk production, feed intake, and weight gains, and even death. These can lead to negative economic impacts for your operation. However, your cows and your wallet dont need to be victims to the heat, follow these five tips for minimizing heat stress in cattle:. 1. Make sure cows have access to cool, clean drinking water. Its no secret that livestock should always have access to water, but in summer it is especially important. A jump in the outside temperature of just 10°-15° can increase total water requirements by 2.5 times.. 2. Rethink your rotational grazing strategies. One option is to rotate through fields at a more rapid rate as taller grass tends to be a cooler surface to maintain cattle on than pastures with shorter ...
New York Dept of Ag Mrkt News Mon May 13, 2019. Special Note: Next Feeder Cattle Special will be held on Saturday, June 15th.. Compared to the last report, Number 1 Steers sold steady to 5.00 higher; Number 1-2 and Number 2 Steers under 600 lbs sold steady, over 600 lbs sold 10.00 to 20.00 higher. Holstein Steers under 600 lbs sold weak, over 600 lbs sold firm, both on a light test. Number 1 Heifers under 500 lbs sold steady to 5.00 lower, 500-600 lbs sold 10.00- 20.00 lower; over 600 lbs sold 10.00 lower; Number 1-2 and Number 2 Heifers sold steady. Number 1 Bulls not tested; Number 1-2 Bulls sold under 600 lbs sold steady to 5.00 higher, over 600 lbs not tested; Number 2 Bulls under 500 lbs sold steady to 10.00 lower, over 500 lbs sold firm. Supply included: 100% Feeder Cattle (41% Steers, 5% ...
Chicago Mercantile Exchange livecattle futures on Thursday closed higher, after consolidationand short-covering ahead of Fridays U.S. government cattlereport helped the market recoup some recent losses, traderssaid. Analysts, on average, expect the U.S. Department ofAgriculture (USDA) monthly Cattle-On-Feed report at 11 a.m. CST(1700 GMT) to show 5.7 percent more cattle were placed infeedlots last month than a year ago. This was a back-and-fill type of session, with the marketbacking up a bit from the recent downtrend, said ArcherFinancial Services broker Dennis Smith. Technical buying and this weeks generally steady prices forslaughter-ready, or cash, cattle contributed to futuresadvances. December live cattle closed up 0.225 cent per poundto 119.625 cents. February ended 0.725 cent higher at119.675 cents, and above the 100-day moving average of 119.350cents. This week cash cattle in the U.S. Plains traded from $119 to$120 per cwt versus $118 to $120 a
Because the only way to fully experience an authentic cattle drive is to actually participate in one, there are many providers throughout the the region who can offer this unique activity. As any top rancher will tell you, participation in a cattle drive doesnt mean just watching one--it means actually helping out and providing the assistance necessary to make it happen! In that regard, expect to get your hands dirty if you want to get the most out of your experience.. The rewards of doing so, of course, are immeasurable, as youll have the opportunity to contribute to this living profession that so perfectly symbolizes the story of the West. In the old days, the cattle drives were essential components of the western economy, and were a major reason for the success of Americas western expansion. To take part in a modern drive is to get an education in that story that you certainly wont get merely from reading a book or watching from afar.. If youre not right in the midst of a cattle drive, ...
How to Identify Gelbvieh Cattle. This is an article of how to identify Gelbvieh cattle. Note: Gelbvieh is pronounced GELP-fee Do a search on the Internet or in your cattle breeds book for Gelbvieh.
US - June live cattle closed up $0.20 at $137.02 Tuesday. Prices closed nearer the session high today. A bullish USDA cattle-on-feed report last Friday has limited the downside in cattle this week.
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of Calves are 100% Hereford. of Calves are 100% Hereford x English. of Calves are 100% Hereford x Continental. of Calves are 100% Hereford x Brahman. of Calves are 100% Non-Hereford. ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Penetration of small molecular weight substances through cultured bovine brain capillary endothelial cell monolayers. T2 - the early effects of cyclic adenosine 3,5‐monophosphate. AU - Deli, MA. AU - Dehouck, MP. AU - Abraham, CS. AU - Cecchelli, R.. AU - Joo, F.. PY - 1995/7/1. Y1 - 1995/7/1. N2 - Second messengers, such as cyclic adenosine 3,5‐monophosphate (cAMP), have been shown to take part in the regulation of blood‐brain barrier permeability. in the present study, elevation of cAMP levels decreased sucrose (mol. wt, 342) and inulin (mol. wt, 5000) permeability across monolayers of bovine brain capillary endothelial cells as early as 1 h after exposure. Since both tracers use predominantly a paracellular pathway, we assume that cAMP may increase the tightness of the tight junctions through protein phosphorylation.. AB - Second messengers, such as cyclic adenosine 3,5‐monophosphate (cAMP), have been shown to take part in the regulation of blood‐brain barrier ...
During a 19-month period, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test was used as an aid in differential diagnosis of paratuberculosis in 51 cattle with a history of chronic weight loss and/or chronic diarrhea. Thirty-three cattle were AGID test-positive for paratuberculosis. Twenty-eight cattle (87.5%) yielded Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from bacterial culture of feces. Four cattle were confirmed as having paratuberculosis on necropsy. One had a negative fecal culture but was lost to follow-up. Show moreDuring a 19-month period, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test was used as an aid in differential diagnosis of paratuberculosis in 51 cattle with a history of chronic weight loss and/or chronic diarrhea. Thirty-three cattle were AGID test-positive for paratuberculosis. Twenty-eight cattle (87.5%) yielded Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from bacterial culture of feces. Four cattle were confirmed as having paratuberculosis on necropsy. One had a negative fecal culture but was lost to follow-up. ...
Paper: Bovine viral diarrhea virus infection in a dairy herd with high prevalence of persistently infected calves , Author:Mahmoud Atef Youssef Helal ; Hiroyuki Okamatsu ; Motoshi Tajima · , Year:2012 , Faculty of Veterinary Medicine ,Department of Animal medicine ,Benha University
The demography of bovine infections caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in Ireland is poorly defined. The objective of this study was to describe the demographics of cattle positive to MAP on faecal culture, based on submissions to the Cork Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Cork RVL) from 1994 to 2006. The study focused on all available faecal samples from adult cattle with non-responsive chronic diarrhoea that were submitted by private veterinary practitioners to Cork RVL for MAP culture. For each MAP-positive by faecal culture animal, data were collated from Cork RVL and Cattle Movement Monitoring Scheme (CMMS) records. Johnes disease (JD) was confirmed in 110 animals from 86 herds by the Cork RVL between 1994 and 2006, with a rate of positive cases between 15% and 18% over last four years of the study. Two breeds (Holstein/Friesian or Limousin) made up 78% of submissions. Movements were assessed for the 57 study animals with available movement information, 90% died ...
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) can be efficiently transmitted to small ruminants (sheep and goats) with certain prion protein (PrP) genotypes. Polymorphisms in PrP of both the host and donor influence the transmission efficiency of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in general. These polymorphisms in PrP also modulate the PrP conversion underlying TSE agent replication. Here we demonstrate that single-round protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) can be used to assess species and polymorphism barriers at the molecular level. We assessed those within and between the ovine and bovine species in vitro using a variety of natural scrapie and experimentally generated cross-species BSE agents. These BSE agents include ovBSE-ARQ isolates (BSE derived from sheep having the ARQ/ARQ PrP genotype), and two unique BSE-derived variants: BSE passaged in VRQ/VRQ sheep and a cow BSE agent isolate generated by back-transmission of ovBSE-ARQ into its original host. PMCA allowed us to ...
It is sometimes forgotten that in the story of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease there is but one incontestable fact, that bovine spongiform encephalopathy is the cause of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. First suggested by their temporospatial association and the distinctive features of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the link has since been proved by their equally distinctive and shared biological and molecular features.1-3 All the rest is speculation, more or less plausible according to the arguments advanced and the absence of any satisfactory alternative explanations.. From an epidemiological point of view bovine spongiform encephalopathy has been a classic epidemic and will undoubtedly become a textbook example for students (fig 1). From economic, political, and medical points of view it has been an unmitigated disaster. Why did it begin when it did, and how did it happen? ...
The inclusion of wet distillers grains plus solubles (WDGS) in feedlot diets has become a common practice in many regions of the United States due to the expanded production of byproducts and fluctuating corn prices related to ethanol production and other factors. In addition, societal concerns over the continued use of antimicrobials in agriculture production combined with an enhanced interest in disease and pathogen prevention in the food supply have led to an increased interest in use of direct-fed microbials (DFM) in growing and finishing cattle. Direct-fed microbials have been shown to improve ADG and feed efficiency, alter ruminal fermentation, and decrease fecal shedding of potential harmful pathogens in feedlot cattle in some experiments. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of WDGS inclusion with or without a DFM containing Lactobacillus acidophilus (1 x 10(6) cfu . heifer(-1) . d(-1)) combined with Propionibacterium freudenreichii (1 x 10(9) cfu , heifer(-1) . ...
The invention disclosed herein presents an antigen-capture immunoassay that utilizes serum, plasma, milk, urine, saliva, or other bodily fluid samples to identify cattle infected with the Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV). The results of this assay allow an effective, reliable, quick, and cost efficient way to identify, and thereby remove, infected cattle and/or other ruminants from otherwise uninfected herds. The BVD virus causes an acute enteric disease with a variety of clinical manifestations, and is closely related to sheep border disease virus (BDV) and hog cholera virus (HCV). The traditional method of detecting infected animals, including persistently infected (PI) carriers, has been through .the .use of virus isolation procedures. While .this older test methodology can detect infected animals, the virus isolation test can only be performed by highly trained technicians in a highly specialized laboratory facility. The kit disclosed herein uses ELISA methodology, employs the BVDV antigen
... such as Sayaguesa cattle, Maremmana primitivo, Pajuna cattle, Limia cattle, Maronesa cattle, Tudanca cattle, and others, which ... Heck cattle[edit]. Main article: Heck cattle. In the early 1920s, two German zoo directors (in Berlin and Munich), the brothers ... The sanga cattle, a zebu-like cattle with no back hump, is commonly believed to originate from crosses between humped zebus ... It is intended to bring in aurochs-like features that are supposedly missing in Heck cattle using Sayaguesa Cattle and Chianina ...
Cattle and cows[edit]. There are six references to "cattle" in the Book of Mormon, including verbiage suggesting they were ... Apologists argue that the term "cattle" may be more generic that suggesting members of the genus Bos, and may have referred to ... For example, Enos in the Book of Mormon tells that the Nephites raised "flocks of all manner of cattle of every kind": Enos 1: ... In all these regions they visited, the Spaniards noticed herds of deer similar to our herds of cattle. These deer bring forth ...
Sonpur Cattle Fair[edit]. Swiss cottages are set up by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) at the Sonepur ... Cattle Fair,[4][5] with facilities of Internet facility, motor boat ride in river Gandak , food at the tourist village and pre- ...
Cattle and horses[edit]. Aspirin has shown some promise in the treatment of laminitis in horses.[176] ...
a b c d e Dan W. Shike, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Driftless Region Beef Conference 2013 Beef Cattle ... a b Dan Shike, University of Illinois Beef Cattle Feed Efficiency *^ a b DJ Cottle and WS Pitchford. Production Efficiency. ... Beef cattle[edit]. As of 2013[update] in the US, an FCR calculated on live weight gain of 4.5-7.5 was in the normal range with ... Dairy cattle[edit]. The dairy industry traditionally didn't use FCR but in response to increasing concentration in the dairy ...
Use as cattle feed[edit]. Traditionally used as fertilizer, it is now also used as a livestock feed as a cost-saving measure ... Carter, Thomas A.; Poore, Matt (1995), Deep Stacking Broiler Litter As A Feed For Beef Cattle, North Carolina State University ... The use of poultry litter as food for beef cattle is legal in the United States. Prior to 1967, the use of poultry litter as ... Because poultry litter can contain recycled cattle proteins as either spilled feed or feed that has passed through the avian ...
List of cattle breeds. References[edit]. *^ "Breeds of Livestock - Cattle". Retrieved 5 April 2010.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... "Cattle Breeds - Hereford". The Cattle Site. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.. ... "Dwarfism in Beef Cattle." Dwarfism in Beef Cattle. Proc. Of 41st Annual Livestock Feeders' Day, Kansas State University, ... Until the 18th century, the cattle of the Herefordshire area were similar to other cattle of southern England, being wholly red ...
They probably brought cattle with them from their native land and crossed them with cattle purchased in the colony. For many ... No records were kept of the descendants of these cattle. Their blood was mingled and lost in that of the native cattle. ... Historical records suggest these cattle were black, and the Friesian cattle at this time were "pure white and light coloured". ... British Friesian cattle[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to ...
The Aberdeen Angus, sometimes simply Angus, is a Scottish breed of small beef cattle. It derives from cattle native to the ... Black Angus is the most common breed of beef cattle in the US, with 332,421 cattle registered in 2017.[3] In 2014, the British ... "The Cattle Site - Angus Breeds". The Cattle Site. Retrieved 25 June 2015.. ... It is a cross between the Angus and several different cattle such as the German Black Pied Cattle, Gelbvieh, and Fleckvieh. The ...
Unfortunately, much like humans, cattle have their favorite foods. To keep cattle from selectively eating the most desirable ... a b c d e [2], Peters, A., & Ball, P. (2004b). Reproduction in cattle. (3rd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ... a b Invited review: the welfare of dairy cattle-Key conceptsand the role of science. M.A.G. von Keyserlingk, J. Rushen, A.M. de ... Lameness is commonly considered one of the most significant animal welfare issues for dairy cattle,[41][42][43][44] and is best ...
... viviparus: lungworm of cattle, deer[edit]. D. viviparus is the most common lungworm of cattle; the infection is ... Cattle feces supports the growth of Pilobolus sp. fungi. The L3 larvae of D. viviparus invade the inside of these fungi, and ... Dictyocaulus is a genus of nematode parasites of the bronchial tree of horses, sheep, goats, deer, and cattle. Dictyocaulus ... 2003). "Dictyocaulus species: cross infection between cattle and red deer". New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 51 (2): 93-98. doi: ...
The population of beef cattle and dairy cattle has grown so much that methane from cows now is big. This is not a trivial issue ... cattle. Can anyone tell me why this. "Atmospheric scientist Ralph Cicerone, a chancellor at the University of California, ...
Cattle[edit]. Cattle are exhibited by leading the animal into an arena using a halter. The contestants will also carry a large ... Species of livestock that may be shown include pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, llamas and alpacas.[1] Poultry such as ... Ekarius, Carol (2008). Storey's Illustrated Breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Pigs. Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60342- ... But the early organizers recognized that one of the main values of the exhibition was to allow cattle breeders from all over to ...
The cattle egret is a popular bird with cattle ranchers for its perceived role as a biocontrol of cattle parasites such as ... The cattle egret engages in low levels of brood parasitism, and there are a few instances of cattle egret eggs being laid in ... The cattle egret removes ticks and flies from cattle and consumes them. This benefits both species, but it has been implicated ... A conspicuous species, the cattle egret has attracted many common names. These mostly relate to its habit of following cattle ...
But the inhabitants of the area (Commoners) had pre-existing rights of common: to turn horses and cattle (but only rarely sheep ... Commoners' cattle, ponies and donkeys roam throughout the open heath and much of the woodland, and it is largely their grazing ... Cattle are of various breeds, most commonly Galloways and their crossbreeds, but also various other hardy types such as ... Rights to graze ponies and cattle are not for a fixed number of animals, as is often the case on other commons. Instead a " ...
Some animal feces, especially that of camel, bison, and cattle, are fuel sources when dried.[10] ...
The reason there is a sign indicating private road, is because they are not strictly private. A private road is a road that is not maintained by the state or municipality, but by a private person or association. An owner of a private road in Sweden can prohibit cars (but not people) from using the road. But if the state pays support for the maintenance, cars can't be prohibited. This is mostly the case if several families live along the road. Then they must form an association for it. The Swedish word for this kind of road is "enskild", that can be both translated to "private" and "individual". The background of the sign is yellow, indicating that the quality is often less good, and warning signs might be missing. Signs indicating roads owned by companies or leading to companies usually have white background instead. ...
The Maremmana is a breed of cattle reared in the Maremma, a former marshland region in southern Tuscany and northern Lazio in ... These are the cattle breeds considered in Italy to be wholly or partly of Italian origin. Inclusion here does not necessarily ... For centuries large herds of Maremmana cattle were raised in the malarial marshlands of the Maremma, herded by the butteri, the ... "Driving wild cattle in the Maremma", woodcut from the Penny Magazine, 1832 ...
The North Ronaldsay or Orkney is a breed of sheep from North Ronaldsay, the northernmost island of Orkney, off the north coast of Scotland. It belongs to the Northern European short-tailed sheep group of breeds, and has evolved without much cross-breeding with modern breeds. It is a smaller sheep than most, with the rams (males) horned and ewes (females) mostly hornless. It was formerly kept primarily for wool, but now the two largest flocks are feral, one on North Ronaldsay and another on the Orkney island of Linga Holm. The Rare Breeds Survival Trust lists the breed as "vulnerable", with fewer than 600 registered breeding females in the United Kingdom. The semi-feral flock on North Ronaldsay is the original flock that evolved to subsist almost entirely on seaweed - they are one of few mammals to do this. They are confined to the shoreline by a 1.8 m (6 ft) tall drystane dyke, which completely encircles the island, forcing the sheep to evolve this unusual characteristic. The wall was built as ...
cattle. 3. -. -. hogs. 4. -. -. swine/goats. -. 6. 17. stores, barns, outhouses. -. 7. 6. ...
They are mainly raised for wool and meat production especially when crossed with the progeny of a Welsh Mountain ewe. For example, a purebred upland ewe such as a Welsh Mountain ewe, might be bred with a breeding sire Bluefaced Leicester ram. This is a Welsh Mule, one of many different types of half-bred ewes. The lamb produced when a half-bred ewe is crossed with a Suffolk ram (as well as with other terminal sire breeds such as Texel, Beltex, or Charollais) is considered ideal for meat production, since they have unusually good conformation. The lamb has the easy-care benefits of a mountain ewe, as well as the excellent growth of the Suffolk ram. The Suffolk breed is also more resistant to elf fire, a disease brought on by eating, among others, the bog asphodel. Sunlight worsens the condition, but the black head and ears of the Suffolk limit sunlight down to the otherwise exposed skin. Suffolk sheep are also shown in youth and adult shows. Organizations such as the FFA and 4-H allow ...
An estimated 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341.[citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality. In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. In the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, they were found in large numbers, especially in the South Downs near Lewes. In 1813, Arthur Young estimated 200,000 ewes were kept on the eastern South Downs and commented, "the amazing number they keep is one of the most singular circumstances in the sheep husbandry of England". The principal reason for the large concentrations of Southdown sheep on downland farms over these centuries was their role in the maintenance of soil fertility.[dubious - discuss] The large flocks grazed the open downs by day and at dusk they came down to the lower arable land for folding.[dubious - discuss] The downland soils are chalky and not naturally fertile, so the close-folding by the sheep on ...
This method is used for swine, sheep, calves, cattle, and goats.[citation needed] Current is applied either across the brain or ... The animals most commonly slaughtered for food are cattle and water buffalo for beef and veal, sheep for lamb and mutton, goats ... or diseased cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines, or parts of the carcasses of any such animals that ... This method can be used for sheep, swine, goats, calves, cattle, horses, mules, and other equines. A captive bolt pistol is ...
Cattle: M, MB, MM and MF/VSBY. *Horses: F, FF, FH, FF, FFF and FP/VSPY, DFDF ...
General Appearance: Alert, attractive, indicating breeding and quality, with stylish carriage and a symmetrical form, showing the true characteristics of the Shropshire, covered with fine, dense wool. Active with a free action. Shoulders blending smoothly into the ribs. A full heart girth, strong and straight back with adequate body capacity. Constitution: Robust as indicated by width and depth of chest, strength and formation of neck, and by bold active movement. Size: Medium-sized; in breeding condition when fully matured, rams should weigh 180 to 240 lbs, and ewes should be 140 to 200 lbs. Fleece and Skin: Fleece: Of good length, dense, elastic to touch, medium fine, free from black fibre, well crimped, with evenness of texture throughout; scrotum of rams well covered with wool. The skin of a light cherry colour, clear and free from dark spots. Body: Well fleshed, long, deep and symmetrical. Well proportioned, with shoulders strong, smooth and blending well into body, well placed, fitting ...
Cattle. Pasteurised. Depends on cow variety. Texture. Semi-hard. Aging time. At least 4 months. ...
... cattle plowing rice field - Water Buffaloes - Bubalus bubalis - photo by Mona Sturges - Travel-Images.com - the global image ... file: indonesia1 - Indonesia - Bali: cattle plowing rice field - Water Buffaloes - Bubalus bubalis - photo by Mona Sturges. ... indonesia1: Indonesia - Bali: cattle plowing rice field - Water Buffaloes - Bubalus bubalis - photo by Mona Sturges. this image ...
Concerted evolution of α globin genes in Podolian cattle (Bos taurus primigenius) and river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)?. R. ... Concerted evolution of α globin genes in Podolian cattle (Bos taurus primigenius) and river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)? ... Concerted evolution of α globin genes in Podolian cattle (Bos taurus primigenius) and river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)? ... Concerted evolution of α globin genes in Podolian cattle (Bos taurus primigenius) and river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)? ...
The flexible Cattle Wrap (red) bandage is specially made for hoof trimmers. Cattle Wrap (red) is made of a strong material and ... Cattle Wrap (red) Hoof Tape for Claw Bandages quantity. Add to cart. Ask a question. SKU: 13053009 Categories: Bandages, ... Besides, the Cattle Wrap (red) tape is flexible, breathable and made of a lightweight and porous material that allows movement ... In combination with hoof blocks and other hoof care products, the Cattle Wrap (red) hoof tape provides the most used ...
This cattle-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Preta_cattle&oldid=654283081" ...
Cattle tyrants feed on insects, mostly from the ground. It may follow cattle or other large animals for some distance, catching ... a b c d e Mobley, J. (2017). Cattle Tyrant (Machetornis rixosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & ... The cattle tyrant (Machetornis rixosa) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is the only member ... Cattle tyrants build bulky nests or steal the nests of rufous-fronted thornbirds. 3 to 4 eggs are laid and incubated for 14 ...
cattle (countable and uncountable, plural cattle) (usually used as plural). *Domesticated bovine animals (cows, bulls, steers ... Occasionally "cattle" may be found in singular use:. *First I saw the mandible, which looked a bit like a strange-shaped cattle ... How many cattle?. There is no singular generic word for "cattle", apart from archaic neat. Gendered words such as "bull" and " ... For usage examples of this term, see Citations:cattle.. Synonyms[edit]. *(domesticated bovine animals): neat, Bos (scientific) ...
In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, ... Some cattle are naturally hornless. Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly ... The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. Domestic cattle were first brought to the ... of Agriculture; A. L. Neumann and K. S. Lusby, Beef Cattle (8th ed. 1986); V. Porter, Cattle (1992). ...
You can just barely see the electrical line and red post tips in front of the cattle. Cattle are natural comfortable at such ... This is a high density mob of cattle that is quickly progressing to new grass. ...
This club was created for those interested in Dexter cattle to have a common place to come together & discuss Dexter cattle. It ... Sales related to Dexter Cattle will be allowed. Please keep it civil and friendly. No flaming, no bashing of ADCA or PDCA, and ... Discuss home dairying and raising cattle for beef or oxen on a small farm scale. Discussion of animal husbandry, health, ... This Group is for EVERYONE who would like to discuss the Dexter Cattle Breed. Without Politics. If you are a member of the PDCA ...
Cattle powered agricultural work[edit]. Working on a Field[edit]. Plowing, Pflügen[edit]. *. ... 2 Cattle powered agricultural work *2.1 Working on a Field *2.1.1 Plowing, Pflügen ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cattle&oldid=321372677" ...
Directed by Stormi Maya. With Stormi Maya, Yhicey Nicole Hawt, Jahaira Nieves, Danny Worthy Boards. A secret cannibalistic cult kidnaps women and devours them for their black magic rituals . Adisa, a young powerful black woman refuses to stay victim to the cult and fights to escape their dark lair. The masked monsters are ruthless yet weak compared to Adisas will to live.
George Washingtons Black Cattle is the first installment of our four part series called Georges Farm Animal... ... "George Washingtons Black Cattle" is the first installment of our four part series called "Georges Farm Animals," which is set ... 359 peterbilt 6&4 loaded with cattle going stop & - Duration: 4:21. Joe Kidd 114,883 views ... youll hear in his own words what he thought about his farms and his cattle. Youll see his personality thrown into relief, ...
Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer ... Breed and take care of those precious creatures to sell them on the expanded cattle market for good profit. If you dont have ... Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer ... Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer ...
9.5.8.3 Backyard Cattle Farming in Batangas and the Bakahang Barangay Cattle Fattening Scheme ... Intercropping and grazing cattle under coconuts have long been practised in many tropical countries. The introduction of ... Traditionally cattle have been used as sweepers or brushers, keeping the grass and weeds short, preventing excessive ... This book examines in detail some pasture-cattle-coconut systems and provides up-to-date information on the nature of the ...
... Cattle are among the most important domesticated animals. They could serve different functions: ... There is much discussion over the origin of cattle in Egypt and Africa in general: are Egyptian cattle originally from the Near ... Brewer/Redford/Redford1994: 77-90 (summary on cattle in Ancient Egypt). *Blench 1993: 85-86 (summary on the first cattle in ... The very possession of cattle implied great wealth. Cattle are attested already in the eighth millennium BC in domestic ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico) ... Cattle Importation This USDA website will not be updated during a lapse in federal funding. Content on this website will not be ... Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are ... You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a ...
Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. By the 1850s, ... Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. ... Cattle have been domesticated for at least 10,000 years. ... Intro To The Cattle Crush The cattle crush makes it possible to ... "live cattle," the industry term for fully grown cattle. Live cattle are another commodity that can be traded (see the "Live ...
Cattle: types. There are four types of cattle depicted in Egyptian art (click on the images for larger pictures). Bulls were ... long horned cattle, often shown as tall, lean with inverted horn, often used in religious sacrifices for meat ... hump-backed cattle, Zebu, introduced to Egypt from Syria during the New Kingdom ...
We mob-graze our cattle, meaning they are frequently moved from field to field. So dont be worried if they are not in the same ... The longhorn has good longevity and they are able to keep breeding past usual cattle age. They also have a thriftiness and ... When you visit our estate you will see our longhorn cattle grazing the Parkland. Shugborough has a long history with this ... Through this new and careful selection of cattle he improved the size and quality of this breed, which became widely produced ...
The Belgian Blue is a breed of beef cattle originating in Belgium. It was developed in the 1800s by crossbreeding local cattle ... It is quite possible that the Charolais cattle was also used in the development of the Belgian Blue. A modern breed of the ... The increased cost and added work that goes into the raising of Belgian Blue cattle leads to higher valued cuts of meat. ... Image Caption: Belgian Blue Cattle with a visible scar from a Caesarean section. Credit: Barbarossa/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) ...
... see Brahman cattle. Source for information on Charbray cattle: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. dictionary. ... www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/charbray-cattle ... www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/charbray-cattle ... "Charbray cattle ." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. . . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2019 ,https://www.encyclopedia.com,. ...
Other articles where Vealer is discussed: meat processing: Veal fabrication: Vealers are 4 to 12 weeks of age with carcasses weighing 36 to 68 kilograms. Calves are up to 20 weeks of age with carcasses ranging from 56 to 135 kilograms.
Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Talk:cattle_car&oldid=5215265" ...
... see Shorthorn cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King ... breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows ( ... Santa Gertrudis cattle. Santa Gertrudis cattle, breed of beef cattle derived from crosses between Shorthorn cows (see Shorthorn ... cattle ) and Brahman bulls (see Brahman cattle ) the breed was developed by Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch in S ...
... any of several varieties of cattle originating in India and crossbred in the United States with improved beef breeds, producing ... recognized forms of cow: the zebu or humped cattle from eastern Asia (. B. taurus indicus. ) and cattle without humps (. B. ... of Phase 1B, cattle (apparently Bos indicus. , the Indian humped variety) had come to predominate over game animals, as well as ... Indian cattle were first imported into the Western Hemisphere in the mid-19th century. The Gir, Gujarat, and Nellore varieties ...
  • In combination with hoof blocks and other hoof care products, the Cattle Wrap (red) hoof tape provides the most used alternative to treat an injured claw of cows and cattle. (cowcare.eu)
  • On the cracked earth, hundreds of cattle wander in search of the last drinking hole or that rare blade of grass. (yahoo.com)
  • Since the FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper Number 91 - "Pastures and Cattle under Coconuts" - was published in 1988 there have been considerable developments in terms of research carried out, publications and workshops and seminars. (fao.org)
  • Cattle came off ranges and pastures to be slaughtered after eating hay, wheat shoots, alfalfa, or the plentiful mesquite, brome and buffalo grasses of the western plains and prairies. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The victims' most common activities at the time of death were working with and treating cattle in enclosed spaces such as pens and chutes (n = 7) and moving or sorting cattle toward pens, barns, or pastures (n = 5). (cdc.gov)
  • With so much rustling, shepherds are moving cattle to more remote and arid pastures to avoid thieves. (latimes.com)
  • Moreover, livestock such as cattle are primarily fed on pastures, crop residues, and fallows. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are five cows and a calf in that herd of cattle . (wiktionary.org)
  • Levitt said many cash-starved cattle producers are liquidating a larger share of their herd, a factor that may thin slaughter numbers and boost prices several months down the road. (latimes.com)
  • More than 90% of the national cattle herd is found in the traditional sector, in which over 95% of the cattle originate from the small East African Zebu (EAZ) known as the Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu (TSZ). (fao.org)
  • During the same period, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska accounted for 16% of the nation's approximately 985,000 cattle operations and 21% of the nation's cattle and calf herd ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • On this island, Geryon kept a herd of red cattle guarded by Cerberus's brother, Orthus, a two-headed hound, and the herdsman Eurytion. (tufts.edu)
  • The stealing of the cattle was not such a difficult task, compared to the trouble Hercules had bringing the herd back to Greece. (tufts.edu)
  • She sent a gadfly to attack the cattle, and the herd scattered far and wide. (tufts.edu)
  • Then, he brought the cattle of Geryon to Eurystheus, who sacrificed the herd to Hera. (tufts.edu)
  • During droughts, fear of mass cattle starvation drives pastoralists to sell animals at low prices in a buyers' market, or risk losing most of their herd to starvation. (treehugger.com)
  • One year later the first list of pedigree Highland cattle was produced and the Herd Book has been published every year since. (easyfundraising.org.uk)
  • Piston Enterprise OpenStack is a system for managing your servers like cattle -- you number them, and when they get sick and you have to shoot them in the head, the herd can keep moving. (ycombinator.com)
  • The highest evidence of DNA damage was some distance from the industrial plants, rather than close to them," he said, adding that the scientists said in their report that other environmental conditions or cattle herd management might be to blame. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Dairy cattle may be supplemented with grain to increase the efficiency of production and reduce the area needed to support the energy requirements of the herd. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thankfully, it was rescued by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust in 1980, and the interest in extensively lean grass fed cattle, and has made a dramatic comeback. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • The images should probably be placed in subcategories of Category:Cattle breeds . (wikimedia.org)
  • The TSZ cattle are characterised by low production coefficients compared with exotic cattle ( Bos taurus ) breeds. (fao.org)
  • In my experience it's worse than ever, in the past at least the cattle was surviving," said rancher McDonald Modise eyeing a carcass of one of his cows, which had died the previous day. (yahoo.com)
  • Ms. Prattus's grandfather was a cattle rancher. (npr.org)
  • Guernsey cattle, breed of dairy cattle developed on the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, and Sark near the north coast of France. (factmonster.com)
  • Dairy Cattle Ornaments make for brilliantly simple gifts in the present, and promise to be meaningful keepsakes for memories in the years to come. (cafepress.com)
  • The cattle tyrant ( Machetornis rixosa ) is a species of bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family Tyrannidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a particular whale species isn't endangered, then there's not a blind bit of difference between butchering them or cattle. (wiktionary.org)
  • The yak , B. grunniens, and other cattle species, wild and domestic, exist in Asia. (infoplease.com)
  • Unlike other herons and egrets, this species typically feeds in dry fields, often following cattle (or other animals) and waiting for them to flush insects into view. (audubon.org)
  • The research team put together a package of technologies for on-farm introduction (in Berege village) and evaluation and it included improved Mpwapwa breed of cattle, improved forage species, intensive feed gardens, conservation and utilisation of crop residues, disease control and dual-purpose legumes. (fao.org)
  • WASHINGTON, May 17- Cattle being fed for the slaughter market as of May 1 in the seven leading beef states totaled 7.5 million head, up 4 percent from a year ago and 6 percent from two years ago, the Agriculture Department said on Monday. (nytimes.com)
  • Microbiologist Schmitz-Esser analysed stomach samples from slaughter cattle. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Australian live-export industry has shipped more than 6.5 million head of cattle to Indonesia for slaughter over the last 20 years. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Cattle called "corn-fed", "grain-fed", or "corn-finished" are typically fattened on maize, soy, and other types of feed for several months before slaughter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sizable beef inventories and sluggish retail demand drove cattle futures prices lower Thursday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. (latimes.com)
  • The prices of U.S. cattle futures soared to all-time highs on strong export demand and on expectations that beef supplies will decline later in the year. (wsj.com)
  • The remarkable range expansion of the Cattle Egret represents one of the great avian success stories. (audubon.org)
  • And in much of the world, beef cattle are raised in regions that are not heavily forested, such as the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa or the high plains of North America. (ucsusa.org)
  • In fact, most beef cattle are raised on pasture from birth in the spring until autumn (7 to 9 months). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fort Worth is the only place in the world where you can view a twice-daily cattle drive of Texas longhorns by Fort Worth cowboys. (fortworth.com)
  • One of Fort Worth's most famous attractions is its twice-daily cattle drive through the streets by some hardcore-looking cowboys. (fortworth.com)
  • uncountable , rare ) Used in restricted contexts to refer to the meat derived from cattle. (wiktionary.org)
  • Today, cattle are raised worldwide and are used for milk, meat, leather and labor. (investopedia.com)
  • The increased cost and added work that goes into the raising of Belgian Blue cattle leads to higher valued cuts of meat. (redorbit.com)
  • According to meat producers, tens of thousands of cattle have died or are being culled due to the drought. (yahoo.com)
  • If we can identify the factors that contribute to live weight loss and energy deficiency in cattle during the transportation process, perhaps we can come up with strategies to minimise stress, and improve meat quality and shelf life," Dr Parker said. (edu.au)
  • Bali cattle were an important source of meat and were used for plowing. (wikipedia.org)
  • A computer calculates daily feed rations of corn, silage, wheat, hormones, vitamins and supplements for the cattle in each pen, according to the age, weight and condition of the animals. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Most cattle in the US have a diet that is composed of at least some forage (grass, legumes, or silage). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ten of the 21 fatalities involved attacks by individual bulls, six involved attacks by individual cows, and five involved multiple cattle. (cdc.gov)
  • Hansen's father, Mel, spent a lifetime as a ranch manager in California, fitting cattle and winning enough shows to paper his dining room walls with victory banners. (latimes.com)
  • Long-distance cattle driving was traditional in Mexico, California and Texas. (conservapedia.com)
  • In eastern African, the Nuer are a group of pastoralists of which cattle permeate every aspect of their society in the same way that the forest is part of the lives of the pygmies. (scribd.com)
  • The temptation of a lone white man was too great for any gathering of myall -natives, and sheep-fat and cattle -steak seemed there for the spearing, so that a stockman always ran the risk of attack, especially if his shepherds interfered with the native women. (wiktionary.org)
  • However, it's been known for some time that while cattle and sheep turn as much as 10 percent of their food into methane, the Tammar Wallaby produces only 1 percent to 2 percent. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Through this new and careful selection of cattle he improved the size and quality of this breed, which became widely produced throughout England and Ireland, until it was surpassed by the Shorthorn in the 1800's. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • It was developed in the 1800s by crossbreeding local cattle with a Shorthorn breed from the United Kingdom . (redorbit.com)
  • Dieser "Cattle Drive" mit echten Longhorns im Stockyards National Historic District ist eine der bekanntesten Attraktionen der Stadt. (fortworth.com)
  • The Belgian Blue is a breed of beef cattle originating in Belgium. (redorbit.com)
  • Battle Cattle is a miniature game made by Wingnut Games which focuses on cow-to-cow combat . (everything2.com)
  • The Tammar Wallaby's digestive system is getting agricultural researchers excited, after researchers from Australia's science agency CSIRO found its gut generates far lower methane emissions than cattle. (theregister.co.uk)
  • This does not mean that beef produced in these regions has no global warming impact: the digestive systems of cattle emit large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide -powerful global warming pollutants-no matter what kind of land they occupy. (ucsusa.org)
  • I remember the cattle steaks of the old days, the juicy pork, the dripping joints of lamb, the venison. (wiktionary.org)
  • In Texas itself cattle raising expanded rapidly as American tastes shifted from pork to beef. (conservapedia.com)
  • Delve deeper into your agricultural business with the feature-packed Cattle & Cultivation Expansion for Professional Farmer 2017. (microsoft.com)
  • In Sacramento, the supreme champion bull will walk away with an award buckle and a $1,000 prize, about the same as cattle kings did a decade earlier. (latimes.com)
  • In 1815 Timothy Flint "encountered a drove of more than 1,000 cattle and swine" being driven from the interior of Ohio to Philadelphia. (conservapedia.com)
  • There is much discussion over the origin of cattle in Egypt and Africa in general: are Egyptian cattle originally from the Near East or were they first domesticated in Africa? (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The AK-47 is changing pastoral cultures, increasing the frequency and lethality of cattle raids and destabilizing large swaths of East Africa. (latimes.com)
  • There are four types of cattle depicted in Egyptian art (click on the images for larger pictures). (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In the United States, most grass-fed cattle are raised for beef production. (wikipedia.org)
  • books.google.com - Cattle Plague: A History is the most comprehensive general study of the history of cattle plague or rinderpest yet attempted, of which there has not been a book in English since 1866. (google.com)
  • Brought to North America by European settlers in the 1500s, cattle were first used for their skins and tallow. (investopedia.com)
  • In various societies throughout history wealth has been measured in terms of cattle- cattle is related to capital and chattel, and pecuniary is derived from pecus [Lat. (infoplease.com)
  • Believe it or not Big Mac is one of the ultra radicals who provide fast food cattle burgers to interstate vehicles who drive all over the place providing scraps for rats, cats, flies, etc, so that the Mad Cow Disease might spread even faster than it would otherwise do. (wiktionary.org)
  • Cattle burgers. (wiktionary.org)
  • in many parts of the world, such as India-home to the world's largest cattle population- most cattle are used for dairy or as work animals . (ucsusa.org)
  • During the Civil War before the Union seized the Mississippi in 1863 , Texas drove cattle throughout the states for the Confederate forces. (conservapedia.com)
  • Do you want to raise cattle ? (wiktionary.org)
  • Complete adoption of farming practices like grass-fed beef production systems would increase the amount of forage land needed to raise cattle but reduce cropland used to feed them. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are around 10 million cattle in the UK, most of which are reared for either beef (beef cows) or milk production (dairy cows). (vegsoc.org)
  • It was a major economic activity in the frontier stage of the American southwest, especially 1866-95, when 10 million cattle were herded from Texas to railheads in Kansas for shipments to stockyards in Chicago and points east. (conservapedia.com)
  • At the close of the war Texas had probably 5 million cattle-and no market. (conservapedia.com)
  • Western, or European, domestic cattle ( Bos taurus ) are thought to be descended mainly from the aurochs, a large European wild ox domesticated during the Stone Age, extinct since 1627. (infoplease.com)
  • Domestic cattle were first brought to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus on his second voyage. (infoplease.com)
  • A growing number of health and environmental proponents in the United States such as the Union of Concerned Scientists advocate raising cattle on pasture and other forage. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early 1800s, population growth in the U.S. triggered the growth of the commercial cattle industry, which took advantage of the Western frontier's open landscape. (investopedia.com)
  • Many of these commercial cattle fattening operations set up in dry southwestern states such as Taxas and Arizona rather than in Iowa and Illinois where animals often lost weight slogging through the Corn Belt's winter mud. (washingtonpost.com)
  • If cattle run towards you, they will stop before getting too close, if they start to follow you, just stay calm and continue walking. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Bissett reported damage to cattle both within close proximity of the facility and in areas where the prevailing winds would blow the toxic gases. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The phrase " head of cattle" may be used without regard for gender. (wiktionary.org)
  • He sold 50 head of cattle last year. (wiktionary.org)
  • In the first four months of this year, 357 thousand head of cattle were imported into the Netherlands, a 15 percent increase relative to the first four months of 2007. (cbs.nl)
  • this number has multiplied to over 70 head of cattle. (fao.org)
  • The Texas Animal Health Commission says the test will involve about 100 producers and about 80-thousand head of cattle. (kbtx.com)
  • In exchange for conservancies achieving specific targets in conservation, LTM buys cattle directly from the conservancies, purchasing several hundred head at a time from dozens of households. (treehugger.com)
  • in the 18th century it is estimated to have carried off more than 200 million head of cattle in Europe, exclusive of Siberia and Tartary. (google.com)
  • CME Group values its relationship with the cattle community and is committed to helping producers and commercial firms manage their risk. (cmegroup.com)
  • Although O157:H7 is pathogenic in humans, it can colonise the digestive tract of cattle without triggering any clinical signs, referred to as healthy carriage. (inra.fr)
  • JCU researchers are looking at ways to maintain live weight in cattle during inter-island transportation in Indonesia. (edu.au)
  • Australia has some of the same issues as Indonesia, as the cattle in North Queensland are required to be transported at some stage in their life," Dr Parker said. (edu.au)
  • The Australian government has suspended the live export of cattle to 11 abattoirs in Indonesia, after a TV documentary showed brutal treatment of animals at the facilities. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Independent MP Andrew Wilkie said he would immediately introduce a bill to ban the live export of cattle to Indonesia completely. (bbc.co.uk)
  • We have cattle going to Indonesia which are being mistreated by numerous slaughterhouses on a scale that proves it is a systemic problem, not only in Indonesia. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The debate is whether cattle should be raised on diets primarily composed of pasture (grass) or a concentrated diet of grain, soy, corn and other supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a high-starch, high-energy food, corn decreases the time to fatten cattle and increases carcass yield. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some corn-fed cattle are fattened in concentrated animal feeding operations known as feed lots. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of beef cattle in Ontario are finished on a corn (maize)-based diet, whereas Western Canadian beef is finished on a barley-based diet. (wikipedia.org)