Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.
A species of Trypanosome hemoflagellates that is carried by tsetse flies and causes severe anemia in cattle. These parasites are also found in horses, sheep, goats, and camels.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.
A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
The consumption of edible substances.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) clotting activity in human plasma in health and disease in various animal plasmas. (1/57984)

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) is an agent in normal human plasma that corrects the impaired in vitro surface-mediated plasma reactions of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and kinin generation observed in Fitzgerald trait plasma. To assess the possible pathophysiologic role of Fitzgerald factor, its titer was measured by a functional clot-promoting assay. Mean +/- SD in 42 normal adults was 0.99+/-0.25 units/ml, one unit being the activity in 1 ml of normal pooled plasma. No difference in titer was noted between normal men and women, during pregnancy, or after physical exercise. Fitzgerald factor activity was significantly reduced in the plasmas of eight patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis (0.40+/-0.09 units/ml) and of ten patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (0.60+/-0.30 units/ml), but was normal in plasmas of patients with other congenital clotting factor deficiencies, nephrotic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or sarcoidosis, or under treatment with warfarin. The plasmas of 21 mammalian species tested appeared to contain Fitzgerald factor activity, but those of two avian, two repitilian, and one amphibian species did not correct the coagulant defect in Fitzgerald trait plasmas.  (+info)

Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (2/57984)

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar.  (+info)

Phagocytic acitivity of bovine leukocytes during pregnancy. (3/57984)

The phagocytic competence, measured as the total number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes per mm3 which phagocytosed Staphylococcus aureus, strain 321, in vitro, was determined in eight cows during complete pregnancies. Such leukocytes are referred to as "Active PMN'S". There was a gradual decline in the number of these cells from conception to a minimum between the 16th and 20th weeks of pregnancy, followed by a steady increase to the cessation of lactation when a marked drop occurred, after which there was an increase to a maximun during the second week prepartum. From this maximum there was a rapid decrease to an absolute minimum during the first week after parturition. From the second week postpartum there was a gradual increase to conception. The correlation coefficient (r) of number of active PMN'S with time before conception was -0.474 )p-0.01). There were significant differences (p=0.01) in numbers of active PMNS Among the eight cows. It was found that the cows fell into two groups, one whose members had, overall, significantly more active PMNs (p=0.001) than those in the second group. The between cow differences may have been due to 1) age, since the cows with the highest numbers of circulating active PMNs were younger than those in the other group of 2) the combined stress of pregnancy and lactation, as those cows which were both pregnant and milking had the lowest numbers of active PMNs.  (+info)

The indirect hemagglutination test for the detection of antibodies in cattle naturally infected mycoplasmas. (4/57984)

Stable mycoplasma antigens for the indirect hemagglutination test (IHA) were prepared employing glutaraldehyde treated sheep erythrocytes sensitized with Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis and Mycoplasma bovigenitalium antigens. Employing these antigens mycoplasma antibodies were detected in sera from cattle which had mastitic symptoms due to natural infection with either M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. A total of 200 cows from four herds were examined at varying intervals for the presence of M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and for the detection of antibody using growth inhibition and IHA tests. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 37 animals. Growth inhibiting antibody was detected from 56 of the 200 animals. In the IHA tests, antibody titer greater than or equal to 1:80 were detected in 148 animals, 76 of these having antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:160, while sera of 116 normal control animals had no growth inhibiting antibody and none had IHA antibody titers greater than 1:40. M. bovigenitalium was isolated from the milk of three of 26 animals in a fifth herd during an outbreak of mastitis. Growth inhibiting antibodies were demonstrated in the sera of ten of the 26 animals. However, the IHA test detected antibody titers of greater than or equal to 1:160 in 13 animals and of 1:80 in one of the 26 animals. To determine the specificity of the IHA tests, M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens were reacted with rabbit hyperimmune typing sera produced against 12 species of bovine mycoplasmatales. Homologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of 1:1280 and 1:2560 against M. agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium respectively, whereas heterologous antisera showed IHA antibody titers of less than or equal to 1:20. Also eight type-specific bovine antisera were reacted with M agalactiae subsp. bovis and M. bovigenitalium antigens in homologous and heterologous tests. Homoogous reactions showed IHA antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:320, whereas heterologous reactions showed IHA titers of less than or equal to 1:20. This IHA test promises to be useful for the detection of bovine mycoplasma antibodies in sera from cattle infected with M. agalactiae subsp. bovis or M. bovigenitalium. Thes test is sensitive, reproducible and specific and the technique is relatively simple and rapid. The antigens were stable for at least seven months.  (+info)

Experimental production of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of serological and immunological responses using pili fractions of Moraxella bovis. (5/57984)

The effect of vaccinating cattle and mice on the development of keratoconjunctivitis was studied. Cattle were vaccinated with whole cells, disrupted cells and pili fractions of three strains of Moraxella bovis. Mice were vaccinated with pili fractions of three strains. The resistance of all vaccinated animals was challenged with virulent cultures of M. bovis. In an attempt to correlate the response seen after vaccination and challenge with a pili fraction of M. bovis, vaccinated cattle and mice were grouped on the basis of signs of disease manifested and compared on the basis of serological responses. Serum samples were tested for antibodies by a gel diffusion precipitin test. A greater number of the sera of resistant cattle had antibodies to the homologous pili antigen than those of vaccinated nonresistant cattle. Cattle vaccinated with disrupted cells were not resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to challenge exposure by homologous than heterologous cultures. A greater number of the sera of resistant mice had antibodies to pili antigens than nonresistant mice.  (+info)

Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals. (6/57984)

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

Bovine mastitis in Ontario due to Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis. (7/57984)

Bovine mastitis caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. bovis was first diagnosed in 16 of 55 cows in an Ontario herd in Feburary 1972. A total of 182 of 598 (30.4%) cows from 33 of 64 (51.5%) farms in widely separated areas of the province were culturally positive. Herd incidence varied from 15 to 40% with one closed herd having an incidence of 61%. Four herds were investigated culturally and serologically by the growth inhibition test for 15 months. In the acute phase the organism was present in the milk in extremely high numbers and could still be isolated from a few cows after eight to 12 months. The sera from 89.5% of the animals with clinical mycoplasma mastitis produced a zone of surface "film" and/or colony inhibition and some cows remained positive for six to 12 months. The disease was experimentally reproduced with a pure culture of the organism isolated from the milk of a cow from one of the herds.  (+info)

Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia. (8/57984)

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

Taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus), also called European cattle, are a subspecies of domesticated cattle originating in the Near East. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. Most modern breeds of cattle are taurine cattle. Genetic research suggests the entire modern stock of taurine cattle may have arisen from as few as 80 aurochs tamed in the upper reaches of Mesopotamia about 10,500 years ago near the villages of Çayönü in southeastern Turkey and Djade el Mughara in northern Iraq. The genome sequence of the Hereford breed of taurine cattle was published by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium in 2009. Indicine cattle Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Bos taurus. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN ...
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No. of Report Pages: 102. Price (Single User Licence): $4000. Have any Query Regarding this Report? Contact us at: This Cattle Feed Sales Industry report also takes into account the past price of 2011-2015 and future price of 2016-2021 as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Cattle Feed Sales market forecasts. Additionally, the Cattle Feed Sales Market report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Cattle Feed Sales Market.. Several important topics included in the Cattle Feed Sales market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Cattle Feed Sales Market. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Cattle Feed Sales Industry. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Cattle Feed ...
Black Pied cattle refer to a range of some cattle breeds, including: Black Pied (Lowland): see Friesian cattle, group of breeds, and especially German Black Pied cattle Black Pied Aosta: see Aosta Black Pied cattle Black Pied Breton: see Breton Black Pied cattle Black Pied Danish: see Danish Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch: see Dutch Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch Friesian, Dutch Black Pied cattle free of Holstein blood Black Pied East Belgian: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Hervé: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Jutland: see Jutland Black Pied cattle Black Pied Podolian: see Podolian Black Pied cattle Black Pied Polders: see Polders Black Pied cattle Black Pied Valdostana: see Aosta Black Pied cattle see also Belgian Black Pied Czech Black Pied German Black Pied Dairy cattle Russian Black Pied, incl. Central Russian Black Pied Siberian Black Pied Ural Black Pied Swiss Black Pied (= Black Spotted): see Swiss Holstein Mason, Ian Lauder: A world dictionary of livestock ...
Texas British White Cattle Breeder - British White Cattle ranch in East Texas breeding for excellence in Grassfed British White cattle. All cattle dual registered with the BWCAA and the American British White Park Cattle Association. British White cattle are an ancient polled breed, long revered for their beauty, gentle disposition, and beef quality. This British White Cattle Ranch in SouthEast Texas is raising registered British White replacement heifers, bulls, and seedstock cows. British White cattle are noted for outstanding Fertility, Longevity, Milkiness, Calving Ease, Disposition, and Carcass. This Texas British White site offers indepth research into the history of the polled British White cow and the horned White Park breed, both referred to as Park cattle, White Forest cattle, Wild White Cattle, and White Park Cattle over the lapse of centuries of breeding and adoration by British White cattle breeders.
Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Everyone knows that reading Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies is effective, because we are able to get a lot of information from the resources. Facebook 17 Twitter 4 Linkedin 7 Pinterest 8 Email 23 Print 70. Prepare Fencing Before Cows Arrive . Book Condition: New. Paperback. Download PDF Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies. Ship out in 2 business day, And Fast shipping, Free Tracking number … Book Condition: new. FFHJM1WXB9XP » PDF » Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies Get eBook RAISING BEEF CATTLE FOR DUMMIES John Wiley and Sons Ltd. raising beef cattle for dummies Sep 21, 2020 Posted By Alistair MacLean Public Library TEXT ID 4315746e Online PDF Ebook Epub Library raiser the tools needed to increase the quantity and quality of your farms output and maintain a healthy herd raising beef cattle ...
Two separate domestication events gave rise to humped zebu cattle in India and humpless taurine cattle in the Fertile Crescent of the Near and Middle East. Iran covers the Eastern side of the Fertile Crescent and exhibits a variety of native cattle breeds, however, only little is known about the admixture patterns of Iranian cattle and their contribution to the formation of modern cattle breeds. Genome-wide data (700 k chip) of eight Iranian cattle breeds (Sarabi N = 19, Kurdi N = 7, Taleshi N = 7, Mazandarani N = 10, Najdi N = 7, Pars N = 7, Kermani N = 9, and Sistani N = 9) were collected from across Iran. For a local assessment, taurine (Holstein and Jersey) and indicine (Brahman) outgroup samples were used. For the global perspective, 134 world-wide cattle breeds were included. Between breed variation amongst Iranian cattle explained 60 % (p | 0.001) of the total molecular variation and 82.88 % (p | 0.001) when outgroups were included. Several migration edges were observed within the Iranian cattle
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wooden hutch space allowance influences male Holstein calf health, performance, daily lying time, and respiratory immunity. AU - Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.. AU - Hulbert, L. E.. AU - Fowler, A. L.. AU - Louie, A.. AU - Gershwin, Laurel J. AU - Pinkerton, Kent E. AU - Ballou, M. A.. AU - Klasing, K. C.. AU - Mitloehner, F. M.. PY - 2016/6/1. Y1 - 2016/6/1. N2 - Dairy calves in the western United States are commonly raised individually in wooden hutches with a space allowance of 1.23 m2/calf. Recent legislative initiatives in California and across the United States were passed regarding concern over space allowance for farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if rearing male Holstein calves in wooden hutches modified to increase space allowance would influence measures of performance, lying time per day, health, and respiratory immunocompetence. At 4 d of age, 60 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 housing treatments: (1) conventional housing (CONV; 1.23 m2/calf), ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Sale Gross - $444,450. $50,000 - Semen Syndicate - AHCC Earning Power 900E ET, 2/8/2017, 81% Limousin, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by MAGS Anchor, out of LVLS 9066U, purchased by Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo., members of the semen syndicate include: MR Limousin, Diamond Hill Cattle Company, ATAK Limousin, Buff Beef Cattle, 4-H Limousin, TTT Farms, Franseen Limousin, Venner Limousin, Graven Land & Cattle, Lakeside Limousin, Circle R Limousin, Beckman Livestock, Jones Brothers, Lewis Limousin and TMJ Cattle Company.. $15,500 - Bull - Lot 20, AHCC Endless Power 0901E ET, 3/4/2017, Lim-Flex, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by SAV Resource 1441, out of LVLS 9066U, syndicate consisting of Graven Land & Cattle, Lebanon, Mo.; Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo; Tubmill Creek Farms, New Florence, Pa.; Diamond Hill Cattle Company, Newcastle, Okla.; and Wulf Cattle, Morris, Minn. purchased this herd sire prospect.. $10,500 - Cow Family Package - Lot 107, package ...
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n=5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n=7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n=3), or both FF and cull cattle (n=2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety of phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1% and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4% and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1% and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5% and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%
Because of their native environment, the cattle are very hardy and can survive the Scottish winters, which are typically harsh, with snowfall and storms. Cows typically weigh 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) and bulls weigh 850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Calves are usually born smaller than is acceptable for the market, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is needed for veal production.. The cattle are naturally polled and black in colour. They typically mature earlier than other native British breeds such as the Hereford or North Devon. However, in the middle of the 20th century a new strain of cattle called the Red Angus emerged. The United States does not accept Red Angus cattle into herd books, while the UK and Canada do. Except for their colour genes, there is no genetic difference between black and red Angus, but they are regarded as different breeds in the US. However, there have been claims that black angus are more sustainable to cold weather, though unconfirmed.. The cattle have a large muscle ...
MGA® is a hormone material added to the ration of feedlot heifers. It improves rate of gain and feed utilization and suppresses estrus in feedlot heifers. Rate of gain was improved 10.3 percent and feed efficiency 6.5 percent in an average of 47 trials. MGA® may be combined with Rumensin or Bovatec in supplements or rations offered to heifers.. Bovatec® are feed additives that change rumen fermentation and improve the feed conversions of feedlot cattle by approximately 8 to 10 percent. Both are effective for steers and heifers fed growing or finishing rations. They give some protection against acidosis and founder when cattle are fed high-grain rations. Rumensin® has reduced feed intake with little change in rate of gain for cattle fed high-grain rations. Bovatec® has shown some improvement in daily gain for cattle fed high-energy rations.. Rumensin® has increased rate of gain and feed efficiency of cattle fed corn silage and other roughage rations. Cattle on pasture or those fed ...
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Cattle production follows a dynamic cycle that has often been analyzed, and cattle markets receive much scrutiny because of the potential for buyer market power. The relationship between the two has been little studied, however. This paper provides a simple conceptual framework to study how the cattle cycle and market concentration jointly affect the bargaining power of producers and packers yielding the following main results. Not surprisingly, a larger cattle stock reduces producers bargaining position, which results in a lower fed cattle price. More importantly, however, the cattle stocks negative effect on price is magnified by the market concentration in beef packing. Thus, the cycle itself is very importantly related to a posited cycle of bargaining power between cattle producers and beef packers. Secondly, the model also shows how beef packers may use the special feature of cattle as both consumption and capital goods to lower the cattle price by influencing cattle inventories. Crespi, John M.;
Facts about Red Angus Cattle, Just like the many other beef breed, the Red Angus Cattle began in Europe. It has all the attributes of Angus but with the addition of the red coat. The Red Angus Cattle excels for their temperament, carcass cha -
Cattle are large domesticated animals reared for beef or leather or kept to produce milk. The word cattle has no singular form, as the male bull and the female cow have markedly different temperaments. However, cattle are often referred to as cows, whether male or female. The offspring of cattle is a calf (plural calves). A castrated bull is called a bullock. During his sojourn in Haran, Jacob prospered while tending cattle for Laban. (Gen. 30:40) The female appears placid and contented and can be easily approached and milked, even by a child. The bull is considered dangerous and is typically penned up far away from any cows. Like many kinds of livestock their waste produces methane, an invisible and odorless gas, which liberals falsely maintain contributes to global warming. Cattle are susceptible to bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which when humans eat infected cows, they get CJD. CJD is a 100% fatal disease. All cows younger than 5 do not show symptoms of BSE. Cattle are slaughtered at 18 ...
Chlamydia spp. are obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria that cause a wide range of significant diseases in humans and animals worldwide, resulting in significant economic losses. Chlamydial infection in cattle has been reported in many countries including China. However, there has been no survey of chlamydial infection of dairy cattle in Guangzhou, southern China. The objective of the present investigation was to examine the chlamydial seroprevalence in dairy cattle in Guangzhou, subtropical southern China by using an indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). The overall seroprevalence of chlamydial infection in dairy cattle was 7.25% (29/400). Greater than or equal to eight-yr-old dairy cattle had the highest seroprevalence (10.34%), followed by those that were ≥ 6 years old or | 7 years old dairy cattle (10.20%), although there were no statistically significant differences among different groups (P | 0.05). Dairy cattle with 5 pregnancies had the highest seroprevalence (10.81%). These results
Cattle futures took the previous weeks bearish monthly Cattle on Feed report to start the week but then received another round of pressure from the crop-friendly quarterly Grain Stocks report.. Feeder Cattle futures took the brunt, along with cash prices, to a point, while stronger cash fed cattle prices provided underpinning.. Nationwide, steers and heifers sold from $2/cwt. lower to $2 higher, according to the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS).. Demand remains good for yearling cattle, with light to moderate demand for fresh calves, say AMS analysts. Bawling and un-weaned calves continue to see discounts and are much less desirable to buyers as is typical for this time of year. Buyers are quite willing to pay premiums for cattle if producers invest time in them and provide a documented health program.. Feeder Cattle futures closed an average of 72¢ lower week to week on Friday, with much of the pressure coming from higher grain prices.. Old crop corn stocks in all positions on Sept. 1 ...
Course topics include Basic Beef Cattle Production, Herd Management, Beef Quality Assurance, Cattle Evaluation, TAMU Horse Judging and more.
Differences in the mitochondrial respiratory activity of cattle muscle tissue during postmortem metabolism may have significant impacts on meat quality. For example, Angus beef is more tender than Brahman beef, but the reason for this difference is not well elucidated. It is therefore plausible to consider differences in the postmortem metabolism of muscle tissue, which in turn influence pH decline, may vary between cattle breeds, affecting meat quality.. The authors of this Journal of Animal Science study compared postmortem mitochondrial respiratory function of Angus and Brahman cattle, looking specifically at the Longissimus lumborum muscle. Muscle tissue was evaluated at two different temperatures (38.5 and 40.0 degrees Celsius), one-hour postmortem. The authors hypothesized that postmortem mitochondrial metabolism would differ by breed, possibly due to differences in the heat tolerance of each breed. Brahman cattle have better resilience to heat stress than Angus cattle.. The parameters ...
The worlds first genome study of indigenous African cattle shed light on new genes, diversity and even adaptation to the eco-system.. The so-called African Cattle Complex is considered an asset of the Africa economy and society. Also considered as walking larder, as a great source of food, milk, hides and manure. Cattle are also considered as status of power and status.. But the rich diversity of around 150 cattle breed facing many challenges like diseases, vector borne ailments, and climatic pressure.. Now, a team of international scientists led by Olivier Hanotte from the University of Nottingham have drafted the genomes of five important breeds of African cattle that revealed some amazing environmental adaptations, and new genetic makeup. The findings could help in better breeding future programs in the region.. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and Professor Heebal Kim from Seoul National University also played an important role in the genome ...
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Marshall and Ernst Windsor have run their herd of Hereford cows for almost 40 years now. Their operation is built around breeding and advancing genetics. Ernsts predilection is towards Herefords due to their sturdy build, adaptable nature, and their dependability during times of drought.. In 2001, the Ernsts moved their cattle ranch to Windsor. From then until 2012, the area of Windsor suffered from severe drought, and along with the rest of the industry, Ernsts herd suffered, with his cattle herd numbers dwindling significantly.. However, because of his Herefords, Ernst made it through a difficult time. And as the cattle industry undergoes even more changes, he expects to rely on the Herefords to help see him through once more.. Because of the drought, cattle numbers were dangerously low. And paired with a high beef demand, cattle prices hit an all-time high in 2015. As this perfect storm continues, the beef industry has slowly but surely begun to rebuild.. And the timing couldnt be better. ...
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday quoted choice boxed beef cutout at $241.70/cwt, up $2.57 from Tuesday and the highest in more than two years (all figures US$). Select cutout fell 25 cents, to $214.27, but was up from $200.58/cwt a week ago.. As a result, strong beef packer margins give them (processors) incentive to kill more cattle, which solves some of the problem of Tyson being shut down, Brugler said.. CME live cattle futures tumbled last week as news of the Tyson fire threatened to curb demand for fat cattle. But the market rallied on Monday after government data showed that last weeks U.S. cattle slaughter came in above expectations, despite the loss of the Kansas plant.. On Tuesday, CME October live cattle futures ended up 1.775 cents at 100 cents/lb., and October feeder cattle settled up 0.475 cent at 133.65 cents/lb.. Live cattle futures drew additional support from expectations of higher cash cattle trade this week, given rising beef cut-out values, Brugler said. Cash ...
Aside from Chicago MercantileExchange spot February live cattle futures, remaining contractsdrew support on Monday from last weeks bullish biannual cattleinventory report, analysts and traders said. Fridays data showed tighter cattle numbers ahead with theU.S. cattle herd at the smallest in 61 years after drought drovefeed costs to record highs last summer. CME live cattle spot February settled down slightlyon cash cattle price caution. Also, some traders exited the contract to avoid likelydeliveries. Monday was the first notice day for cattledeliveries against the spot month that will expire on Feb. 28. CME spot February live cattle closed at 127.075cents per lb, down 0.025 cent. April ended up 0.100 centto 132.275 cents and June finished at 128.000 cents,0.250 cent higher. Investors wait for cattle in the cash market to changehands. Cash cattle last week moved at mostly $122 to $124 percwt, feedlot sources said. Wintry weather in the western Plains reduced the movement
One of the main attractions for guests, often bringing them back year after year, is the opportunity to work with Rocco and Annies cattle from the cattle ranch. Since the cattle typically graze on Sweet Grass Ranch lands for a portion of the summer, Sweet Grass Ranch guests have the opportunity to learn first hand about the challenges and joys of caring for a herd of grass-fed, range cattle, monitoring their health and moving them to new grazing grounds as water and grass vitality dictates.. We may do some cattle work on any given week, and are sometimes checking fences, grass conditions, and putting out salt and minerals. On these working rides, guests are always invited to join in whenever they desire a taste of the cowboy life. Please be aware that we do not work cattle every week, so if this is an important part of your vacation, you must verify cattle work with us in advance when booking.. For those looking for that working ranch experience of a cattle drive, there are certain weeks we are ...
Healthy teeth are important in the first stages of digestion for dairy cattle, yet little is known about bovine dental disease. This study aimed to investigate dental pathology of dairy cattle in two parts. First dairy cattle cadaver heads (n=11) were examined at the time of culling. Second, the authors performed oral exams in cattle fed a total mixed ration (TMR) (n=200) and pasture-based (n=71) grazing cattle. Cadaver heads were imaged using radiography and computed tomography before gross dissection to study dental anatomy and pathology. The most prevalent dental abnormalities were excessive transverse ridging of the occlusal surface, the presence of diastemas and third molar dental overgrowths (M3DO) in cadaver heads. Average thickness of subocclusal dentine ranged from 3.5 mm to 5.8 mm in cheek teeth but was ,10 mm in maxillary teeth with M3DO. Radiographic findings were compared with oral examinations in live cattle. Prevalence of M3DO upon oral examination was 19 per cent and 28 per cent ...
This week, feedlots in the U.S. Plains have priced their market-ready, or cash, cattle over $165 per hundredweight (cwt), with no bids from packers, feedlot sources said. Last week, cash cattle in the Midwest traded at mostly $162.. Wednesday afternoons choice wholesale beef price, or cutout, rose $2.67/cwt from Tuesday to $246.55. Select climbed $2.22 to $234.48, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said.. Beef packer margins for Wednesday were a negative $55.70 per head, compared with a negative $74 on Tuesday and a negative $74.25 a week ago, according to Colorado-based analytics firm Expectations for tighter cattle numbers in the coming months boosted deferred CME live cattle contracts.. CME feeder cattle futures drew support from live cattle market buying. Traders cited the exchanges feeder cattle index for Oct. 7 at 238.01 cents, up from 237.57 for Oct. 6.. October closed 0.85 cent/lb. higher at 242.325 cents, and November up 0.5 cent at 242.925 cents.. Hogs turn ...
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A total of six hundred ninety nine (699) blood samples were collected randomly from cattle population of different cattle farms belonging to rural unorganised sectors and organised cattle farms of seven different districts of West Bengal to study the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhiniotracheitis (IBR) by Virus Neutralization Test (VNT). The seroprevalence of IBR among the cattle population of West Bengal was estimated to be 48.15% on district-wise study (highest seroprevalence rate of 85.29% in the cattle population of Nadia district and lowest rate of seroprevalence of 20.72% in the cattle population of Jalpaiguri district) and 42.32% on sampling area-wise study. Eighteen (18) serologically positive serum samples were selected as representative samples which were subjected to two fold end point titration. The end point titration of the seropositive samples collected from organised cattle farm of organised sector showed the IBR antibody titre to range from 1: 1 to 1: 8, while that of the samples
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mechanisms of uremic serum-induced expression of bone matrix proteins in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells. AU - Chen, N. X.. AU - Duan, D.. AU - ONeill, K. D.. AU - Wolisi, G. O.. AU - Koczman, J. J.. AU - LaClair, R.. AU - Moe, S. M.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - We have previously found that uremic human serum upregulates RUNX2 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and that RUNX2 is upregulated in areas of vascular calcification in vivo. To confirm the role of RUNX2, we transiently transfected a dominant-negative RUNX2 (ΔRUNX2) construct in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells (BVSMCs). Blocking RUNX2 transcriptional activity significantly decreased uremic serum induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity (268 ± 34 vs 188 ± 9.5 U/g protein, P , 0.05) and osteocalcin expression (172 ± 17 vs 125 ± 9 ODU, P , 0.05). To determine the mechanism by which uremic serum upregulates RUNX2, we examined cell signaling pathways. BVSMCs were incubated in the presence or ...
Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in developed countries. A noted exception is the low mortality of CHD in France, particularly the southwest region. This phenomenon, commonly referred to as the French paradox, may be associated with high consumption of red wine. We investigate whether the cardioprotective activity of red wine may involve the grape skin-derived polyphenol, resveratrol. We further test the possibility that resveratrol acts by modulating structural and functional changes in endothelial cells lining the blood vessel wall. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) were incubated with resveratrol, with and without concurrent exposure to simulated arterial shear stress. Resveratrol significantly affected proliferation and shape of BPAEC; growth was suppressed and cells became elongated, based on morphologic analysis of rhodamine-conjugated phalloidin stained F-actin by confocal microscopy. Using selective signaling
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
Intracellular pH (pH i) in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was determined using the pH-dependent absorbance of intracellularly trapped 5(and...
The purpose of this research was to determine whether genetic variation existed within Bos taurus Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), and whether this variation would affect carcass traits. PMCH had previously been shown to affect appetite and metabolism in rodent species, thus it was desirable to determine whether the gene had a similar effect in cattle, which could be interpreted based on carcass measurements of weight gain and fat production. Cattle PMCH was sequenced and an adenosine-to-thymine (A,T) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected 134 bp upstream of the translational start site. The SNP alleles were determined to significantly affect carcass traits including average fat and grade fat in two populations of cattle, and shear force measurements in one population. The adenosine homozygotes were found to have the highest fat levels and the thymine homozygotes the least, while the heterozygous animals had intermediate fat levels. Shear force values in the one available ...
PubMed journal article Growth, ruminal measurements, and health characteristics of Holstein bull calves fed an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extrac were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Brahman cattle at Make research projects and school reports about Brahman cattle easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Through the examination of 78 fecal sample of sheep and 52 fecal sample of cattle collected from different region in Ninevah governorate, the percentage of infection with schistosoma eggs in sheep and cattle were 7.69%, 19.23 respectively with significant differences between sheep and cattle, two types of eggs of schistosoma had been identified in sheep they were : S. bovis and S. indicum (first record) while in cattle S. bovis, S. indicum and S.intercalatum (first record) were diagnosed. Infection with S. bovis formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.3%, 70% respectively. The results revealed significant differences between type of infection in sheep with significant difference between the type of infection in cattle, and the single infection formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.33%, 70% respectively. The percentage of infection appeared with high rate in sheep and cattle with aged more than 3 years 9.8%, 40% respectively with significant difference between groups of age in cattle
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The majority of beef breed associations have made (or are currently making) substantial changes to their National Cattle Evaluation. These changes ultimately benefit commercial bull buyers by providing improved
Crossover generated by meiotic recombination is a fundamental event that facilitates meiosis and sexual reproduction. Comparative studies have shown wide variation in recombination rate among species, but the characterization of recombination features between cattle breeds has not yet been performed. Cattle populations in North America count millions, and the dairy industry has genotyped millions of individuals with pedigree information that provide a unique opportunity to study breed-level variations in recombination. Based on large pedigrees of Jersey, Ayrshire and Brown Swiss cattle with genotype data, we identified over 3.4 million maternal and paternal crossover events from 161,309 three-generation families. We constructed six breed- and sex-specific genome-wide recombination maps using 58,982 autosomal SNPs for two sexes in the three dairy cattle breeds. A comparative analysis of the six recombination maps revealed similar global recombination patterns between cattle breeds but with significant
Beef cattle production in Mississippi is primarily forage based. Cow-calf, stocker cattle, and even forage-based finishing can be accomplished using Mississippi forage systems. See why Mississippi is an excellent environment for forage and beef cattle production.
Due to the absence of accurate pedigree information, it has not been possible to implement genetic evaluations for crossbred cattle in African small-holder systems. Genomic selection techniques that do not rely on pedigree information could, therefore, be a useful alternative. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of using genomic selection techniques in a crossbred cattle population using data from Kenya provided by the Dairy Genetics East Africa Project. Genomic estimated breeding values for milk yield were estimated using 2 prediction methods, GBLUP and BayesC, and accuracies were calculated as the correlation between yield deviations and genomic breeding values included in the estimation process, mimicking the situation for young bulls. The accuracy of evaluation ranged from 0.28 to 0.41, depending on the validation population and prediction method used. No significant differences were found in accuracy between the 2 prediction methods. The results suggest that there is ...
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Field data from the North American Limousin Federation was used to determine the heritability and genetic correlations of body condition score (BCS) with carcass traits. Carcass traits included carcass weight, ribeye area, fat thickness, intramuscular fat, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and all were estimated to be lowly to moderately heritable (0.14 to 0.34). Heritability of BCS was 0.19. Favorable correlations existed between ribeye area and carcass weight (0.50), ribeye area and BCS (0.60), and carcass weight and BCS (0.28). Unfavorable correlations existed among ribeye area and intramuscular fat (-0.40), carcass weight and intramuscular fat (-0.23), and intramuscular fat and BCS (-0.64). These results suggest that selection for BCS should be effective and would result in some favorable changes in ribeye area and carcass weight but with unfavorable change in marbling ...
RICHARD CARLETON: Australia exports well over half a million live cattle every year to almost a dozen countries. The unlucky ones end up in Egypt. From when the cattle leave Australia, often Fremantle, to here, the southern entrance or mouth of the Suez Canal, it is about 2.5 weeks. Now if its cold like today, the cattle wouldnt be complaining, even about the dust storm, because here in the summer it gets as hot as 37 degrees. The cattle themselves dont actually enter the canal. Theyre offloaded just over there at Port Suez, and then it is 21 days in quarantine before the tender mercies of the Egyptian slaughtermen. Most Australian cattle are sent here to Cairos Bassatin abattoir. Bassatin is the preferred abattoir for Australian cattle because of the slaughtering facilities here. What goes on here at Bassatin is near medieval. Footage like this, that includes Australian cattle, is not easily gathered. The woman passing the camera here now is Lyn White. Ms White, a former Adelaide ...
A single insecticide-treated ox kills about as many tsetse as a single odour-baited target. So if there are already many cattle in an area, then treating cattle appears to offer several advantages over using targets.. First, treating an animal is cheaper than constructing and deploying an insecticide-treated target (Shaw et al., 2017).. Second, cattle owners are strongly inclined to treat their cattle with insecticide, maintain them and protect them from theft. So several problems associated with using targets - such as the loss of targets due to general wear and tear, theft, and animal damage - are less with insecticide-treated cattle.. Third, in some settings (e.g. south-west Uganda) cattle can be reservoir hosts for the pathogen (T. b. gambiense) causing Rhodesian sleeping sickness. In this situation, treating cattle with insecticide will not only control animal trypanosomiasis but also sleeping sickness (Hargrove et al., 2012). So is there any point in using targets?. The problem with using ...
A model Indigenous Thai beef cattle breeding structure consisting of nucleus, multiplier and commercial units was used to evaluate the effect of changes in heritabilities of and genetic correlations between adaptation traits on genetic gain and profitability. A breeding objective that incorporated adaptation was considered. Two scenarios for improving both the production and the adaptation of animals where also compared in terms of their genetic and economic efficiency. A base scenario was modelled where selection is for production traits and adaptation is assumed to be under the forces of natural selection. The second scenario (+Adaptation) included all the information available for base scenario with the addition of indirect measures of adaptation. These measures included tick count (TICK), faecal egg count (FEC) and rectal temperature (RECT). Therefore, the main difference between these scenarios was seen in the records available for use as selection criteria and hence the level of ...
Siderophore-receptor and porin-based (SRP) Escherichia coli vaccine technology functions by starving the E. coli organism via competitive exclusion for proteins that scavenge iron, an essential nutrient for E. coli viability. Vaccination with SRP E. coli technology decreased the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in artificially inoculated cattle and in cattle naturally shedding the organism. Examination of the effects that SRP E. coli vaccines exert on performance parameters has yet to be attempted in a commercial setting. The use of SRP E. coli vaccine technology effectively decreases the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in feeder cattle and may improve beef safety; however, the vaccines effects on the economics of cattle feeding are unknown. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the effects of vaccinating cattle three times with an SRP E. coli vaccine verses a placebo on performance, health, and carcass characteristics of cattle fed in commercial feedlots.
As of July 1, 2011 Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just below 13.9 million head, down 0.8% from the same date in 2010. Cattle inventories have been declining since their peak of 16.9 million in July of 2005. However, the rate of decline has slowed down since July 2010.. During the current period, the Canadian dairy herd grew 0.3%, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1%. Farmers reported a 2.1% decline in the total number of beef cows while replacement heifers were seen to increase by 6.7%. The total number of dairy cows was virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago, while replacement dairy heifers increased 0.8%.. With the exception of a 0.2 % growth in both Alberta and Saskatchewan, declines in cattle and calf inventories were pervasive. Cattle and calf farms in British Columbia reported a 0.9% decline in overall cattle holdings, while Manitoba and Ontario indicated that inventories declined by 3.3% and 1.9% respectively. Inventories declined by 2.2% in Quebec and were off 1.6% ...
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) continues to be a problem in cattle herds in Ireland and Britain. It has been suggested that failure to eradicate this disease is related to the presence of a wildlife reservoir (the badger). A large-scale project was undertaken in the Republic of Ireland during 1997-2002 to assess whether badger removal could contribute to reducing risk of cattle herd breakdowns in four areas. During the period of that four area study, there was a significant decrease in risk in intensively culled (removal) areas relative to reference areas. In the present study, we revisit these areas to assess if there were any residual area effects of this former intervention a decade on (2007-2012). Over the study period there was an overall declining trend in bTB breakdown risk to cattle herds. Cattle herds within former removal areas experienced significantly reduced risk of breakdown relative to herds within former reference areas or herds within non-treatment areas (OR: 0.53; P , 0.001). ...
If you own a cattle ranch or raise them in any way, you will recognize the importance of ensuring that the cattle eat nutritiously. Whether you are raising them for beef, dairy or other purposes, you know that sickly cows or steers will not generate much cash flow on the market. Thus, it is crucial to feed the cattle the right mixture of products for healthy growing. A pet store in California that also provides Animal Cattle Service in El Dorado Hills CA understands the significance of these needs and provide products for ranchers and others to purchase.. When it comes to raising beef cattle, there is a difference in the grazing they do on the land, and the finishing in the feed, which is integral in raising quality livestock. The livestock market is calling for a grade of beef that is lighter. Ranchers have to take steps to ensure the cattle they are raising for beef is eating the proper, nutritious feed. In order to prepare the livestock to get a better price on the market, it becomes ...
Progesterone profiles and superovulatory responses of Simmental heifers in relation to pre-ovulatory energy intake and progesterone priming ...
COLLEGE STATION - The 59th Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course scheduled Aug. 5-7 at Texas A&M University in College Station will provide participants an inside look to the future of the industry as well as a snapshot of potential cattle market trends, course coordinators said.. Our U.S. cattle inventory is at levels not seen since the 1950s and we have several topics during the Aug. 5 general session that addresses trends and issues such as market outlook and infrastructure changes, said Dr. Jason Cleere, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service beef cattle specialist in College Station and conference coordinator.. Brian Bledsoe, who provides weather forecasts and commentary for the Southern Livestock Standard, will provide a weather outlook during the Aug. 5 general session. Bruce Vincent, a logger and motivational speaker from Libby, Mont., will presents With Vision, There Is Hope for Ranchers.. The short course has become one of the largest and most comprehensive beef cattle educational ...
The successful birth of a female Vaynol calf through embryo transfer has brought new hope of saving one of the rarest breeds of UK native livestock.. Conservationists said the calf, called Snow because of her white colouring and the conditions at the time of her birth near Edinburgh on 6 January, was born after the first successful embryo transfer for a semi wild cattle breed. Vaynol cattle are descended from ancient herds of white cattle, which were brought over to Britain when it was still connected to Europe by land and were in the country before Stonehenge was built.. The Vaynol breed was established at Vaynol Park near Bangor in 1872, and is one of just two native semi-feral or feral breeds in the UK, living in fenced areas but able to exhibit natural herd behaviour.. They are one of the five cattle breeds listed as critical on the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST) watchlist with just 23 breeding females in 2019 across five herds. The herds are kept apart to protect against a disease ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Global gene expression and systems biology analysis of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages in response to in vitro challenge with mycobacterium bovis. AU - Magee, David A.. AU - Taraktsoglou, Maria. AU - Killick, Kate E.. AU - Nalpas, Nicolas C.. AU - Browne, John A.. AU - Park, Stephen D.E.. AU - Conlon, Kevin M.. AU - Lynn, David. AU - Hokamp, Karsten. AU - Gordon, Stephen V.. AU - Gormley, Eamonn. AU - MacHugh, David E.. PY - 2012/2/22. Y1 - 2012/2/22. N2 - Background: Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, is a major cause of mortality in global cattle populations. Macrophages are among the first cell types to encounter M. bovis following exposure and the response elicited by these cells is pivotal in determining the outcome of infection. Here, a functional genomics approach was undertaken to investigate global gene expression profiles in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) purified from seven age-matched non-related females, in response to in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Raman spectroscopy of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells: a comparison of single cell and cell cluster analysis. AU - McManus, L. AU - Boyd, A. AU - Burke, GA. AU - Meenan, BJ. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - There are many techniques that allow in vitro interactions among cells and their environment to be monitored, including molecular, biochemical and immunochemicaltechniques. Traditional techniques for the analysis of cells often require fixation or lysis from substrates; however, use of such destructive methods is not feasible where the expanded cell cultures are required to be used for clinical implantation. Several studies have previously highlighted the potential of Raman spectroscopy to provide useful information on key biochemical markers within cells. As such, we highlight thecapability of Raman spectroscopy with different laser spot sizes for use as a non-invasive, rapid, and specific method to perform in situ analysis of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico). Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List).. ** These are general requirements for importing cattle into the United States. You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a specific country.. Requirements:. ...
By Communications and Marketing. A commercial vaccine for cattle can effectively reduce levels of E. coli by more than 50 percent, a Kansas State University study has found. The vaccine is also effective using two doses instead of the recommended three doses, which can help cut costs for the beef industry.. David Renter, associate professor of epidemiology, is the principal investigator on a project that researched the effectiveness of products used to prevent the shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. The research appears in a recent online version of the journal Vaccine and helps improve current preventative methods for addressing food safety concerns.. While E. coli O157:H7 does not affect cattle, it causes foodborne disease in humans. Vaccines and other products may be given to cattle to help prevent the spread of the bacteria.. We wanted to test how well these products work to control E. coli O157:H7 in a commercial feedlot with a large population of cattle that were fed in the summer and ...
Safe-guard Medicated Dewormer For Beef Cattle (20% Protein Block. For the removal and control of lungworms, stomach worms and intestinal worms. Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated) is designed for deworming pastured cattle by feeding these medicated blocks for three (3) days only as the sole source of salt. It is essential to establish full cattle adaptation to supplemental block feeding prior to treating cattle with Safe-Guard 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated). Treats 11 - 1,000 lb animals. Do not use in dairy cattle of breeding age. Cattle must not be slaughtered within 16 days following last treatment. Under conditions of continuous exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 6 to 8 weeks. Contains 750 mg fenbendazole per lb.
People in tropical countries fear diseases called sleeping sickness, and other names, caused by tiny parasites called trypanosomes (Trypanosoma spp.) also known as tryps. Now theres new science suggesting a way to reduce Animal African Trypanosomiasis in cattle (Bos primigenius) by selective breeding.. In sub-Saharan Africa, tryps which kill cattle are hugely important to peoples livelihoods and, therefore, to development away from poverty. African tryps are carried by tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) You can scroll down for maps. The flies dont get ill from the tryps, but they carry them between people and between cattle. That is, these insects are disease vectors.. One of the most promising ways to reduce tryp disease is to breed cattle which resist it. Where tryps are endemic (always present) its no surprise that some of the local cattle have that disease resistance. For example West African dwarf cattle, the ...
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in different cattle herd management systems in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Between April and June 2005, a total of 728 bovines from 49 herds were tested for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses. Milk samples were taken from tuberculin positive animals and analysed for the presence of mycobacteria. Total prevalences of 2.5% and 10.1% were found for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses respectively, with more M. bovis-infection in cattle in the extensive management system and more atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in the intensive management system. From 8 out of 42 milk samples (19%) atypical mycobacteria were cultured. A higher prevalence of M. bovisinfection in the extensive sector could be due to several factors. In addition, such high prevalence puts herd owners and their families at risk for BTB. Therefore control of BTB, as well as education of cattle ...
Thus one may refer to "three cattle" or "some cattle", but not "one cattle". "One head of cattle" is a valid though ... Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat (beef or veal, see beef cattle), for milk (see dairy cattle), and for hides, ... Cattle raised for human consumption are called beef cattle. Within the beef cattle industry in parts of the United States, the ... When cattle are stressed other cattle can tell by the chemicals released in their urine. Cattle are very gregarious and even ...
... there are 25-33 million feed cattle moving through custom and commercial cattle feedyards annually. The monthly USDA "Cattle on ... Grain-fed cattle have more internal fat (i.e., marbling) which results in a more tender meat than forage-fed cattle of a ... Because much of the land is better suited for cattle grazing than crop growing, it raises 40 percent of the cattle in Canada- ... A percentage of the cattle have been raised in other western provinces or in the northwestern United States. These cattle are ...
The Bali cattle are one of the few species of true cattle that did not descend from the extinct aurochs. Their domestication ... The cattle are also very susceptible to Jembrana disease, which was first described in the cattle in 1964. The population of ... The Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domesticus), also known as Balinese cattle, domestic banteng or Bali banteng, are a domesticated ... Mechanization and urbanization are making the cattle redundant as draft animals, however. Meat from young Bali cattle is noted ...
... at IMDb Cattle Empire at the TCM Movie Database Cattle Empire at AllMovie Cattle Empire at the American Film ... As the most experienced cattle man in the area, he is the only one who can drive his and the townsfolks' cattle to Fort Sumter ... The town is on the verge of economic collapse, and the sale of the cattle will save the town. Cord is a skilled cattleman and ... Cord is saved from death by Ralph, a prominent cattle owner and major businessman of the town, who turns up with his wife and ...
Cattle breeds, Cattle breeds originating in India, Cattle breeds originating in Bhutan, All stub articles, Cattle stubs). ... Siri is a breed of cattle originating from Sikkim, Darjeeling and Bhutan and are of the Zebu family of cattle. They are often ... Strong legs and feet make the cattle useful for ploughing fields. The cattle can survive in the mountains very well, owing to ... They are normally large compared to other types of cattle. They have horns which are sharp and long, if not cut. The position ...
The Cattle Cabin is a one-room log cabin that was built in the Sierra Nevada by Hale D. Tharp and two partners in 1890, in ... Cattle Cabin is located in the Giant Forest of giant redwoods (Sequoiadendron giganteum), and is associated with Tharp's Log as ... Media related to Cattle Cabin at Wikimedia Commons National Park Service - "Challenge of the Big Trees", Caucasian Settlers ... "Cattle Cabin". List of Classified Structures. National Park Service. 2008-12-08. Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. ...
... are believed to originate from Indian cattle. They have a high number of sweat glands, allowing them to endure ... Russian cattle expert A.V. Cherekayev wrote about the Kalmyk breed in his book "Beef cattle raising: breeds, techniques, herd ... There is no such beef cattle-breeding outfit anywhere else in Russia. The Kalmyk breed is one of the most ancient cattle breeds ... Kalmyk cattle (Russian: Калмыцкая, romanized: Kalmyckaja) is a beef cattle breed originated in Mongolia and northwestern China ...
More importantly he needs Billy and Fuzzy to work on his cattle ranch in New Mexico which is facing cattle rustling and the ... Cattle Stampede at IMDb Cattle Stampede is available for free download at the Internet Archive v t e (Articles with short ... Cattle Stampede is a 1943 American Producers Releasing Corporation Western film of the "Billy the Kid" series directed by Sam ... Cattle Stampede (1943) The Renegade (1943) Blazing Frontier (1943) Devil Riders (1943) Frontier Outlaws (1944) Valley of ...
Cattle breeds originating in Russia, Cattle breeds, All stub articles, Cattle stubs). ... German Black Pied Cattle, Bestuzhev, Tagil, Red Steppe, and local cattle. Its coat colourations are red, red and white, or roan ... The Kurgan (or Kurganskaya) cattle breed originates in south-western Siberia and is a composite of Shorthorn, Simmental, ...
The cattle egret is a popular bird with cattle ranchers for its perceived role as a biocontrol of cattle parasites such as ... Cattle egret egg Adult feeding a nestling in Apenheul zoo Juvenile on Maui (note black bill) The cattle egret feeds on a wide ... The cattle egret engages in low levels of brood parasitism, and a few instances have been reported of cattle egret eggs being ... In 2008, cattle egrets were also reported as having moved into Ireland for the first time. This trend has continued and cattle ...
Cattle breeds originating in India, Cattle breeds, Animal husbandry in Andhra Pradesh, All stub articles, Cattle stubs). ... Indian cattle breeds with Holstein-Friesian and Jersey cattle traits from developed countries, and banning[citation needed] the ... Punganur dwarf cattle which originated from the Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh in southern India is among the world's ... The remaining Punganur cattle are being reared mainly on the Livestock Research Station, Palamaner, Chittoor district, attached ...
Cattle breeds, Extinct cattle breeds, All stub articles, Cattle stubs, Italy stubs). ... It belonged to the Podolic group of cattle, and was a dual-purpose breed, kept both for meat and for draught use. The breed was ... The Abruzzese or Podolica abruzzese di montagna is an extinct breed of domestic cattle from the Abruzzo region of southern ...
List of cattle breeds "Bargur cattle: status, characteristics and performance". The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 79 (7): ... Cattle breeds originating in India, Cattle breeds, Animal husbandry in Tamil Nadu). ... The cattle are usually moderate and compact in build and have brown skin with white patches, though full white and brown ... Bargur (Tamil: பர்கூர் / Kannada: ಬರಗೂರು/Malayalam:ബർഗൂർ പശു) is a breed of cattle native to the Bargur forest hills in ...
All of these cattle belonged to the "blond and red" branch of cattle. Limousin breeders fiercely opposed the merger and the ... Cattle excluded from Full French certification include those imported into France, cattle that are polled (in French sans corne ... cattle breeds reported that Limousin cattle were the most efficient and fastest of all breeds at converting feed into saleable ... in which they wanted their cattle to be registered. Pureblood cattle have higher business value than Purebreds because they are ...
... at IMDb Cattle Hill at Rotten Tomatoes Cattle Hill at Filmfront (in Norwegian) (Articles with short description, ... Cattle Hill at the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC). Retrieved 17 November 2021. Cattle Hill at Box Office Mojo, an ... Cattle Hill (Norwegian: KuToppen) is a 2018 Norwegian animated comedy film directed by Lise I. Osvoll from a script by Anne ... A sequel, titled Christmas at Cattle Hill (Jul på KuToppen) was released on 6 November 2020. List of Norwegian films of the ...
This was the beginning of the end of purebred Glan cattle. The crossing in of Gelbvieh, Danish Red cattle and Angeln cattle was ... Glan cattle are a traditional cattle breed particularly found in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany. At one time they ... By 1762 the import of Swiss cattle had already begun; this was the beginning of Glan cattle breeding. In Donnersberg and Glan, ... two different cattle breeds developed: the light, dairy "Glan cattle" and the heavy draught "Donnersberg cattle". In the 19th ...
The cattle were reportedly widely popular in Bihar during the days of the English East India Company. List of cattle breeds " ... Characteristics and performance of Bachaur cattle in the Gangetic plains of North Bihar "Breeds of Livestock - Bachaur Cattle ... Bachaur is a breed of cattle native to India. The districts of Madhubani, Darbhanga and Sitamarhi in north Bihar i.e. Mithila ... The animals are compact and small in size, and exhibit close similarity with Haryanvi cattle. The bulls are used for medium ...
... may refer to: Cattle Creek (New South Wales), a partly perennial stream of the Hunter River catchment Cattle Creek ... a locality Cattle Creek Station, part of Wave Hill Station, Northern Territory Cattle Creek, Colorado, a census-designated ... South Carolina This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cattle Creek. If an internal link led you here ... Queensland (North Burnett Region), a locality Cattle Creek, Queensland (Toowoomba Region), ...
... so cattle raisers from the surrounding area drove their cattle to Champaign to ship them to the Chicago market. The Cattle Bank ... one cattle baron imported cattle infected with hoof-and-mouth disease, and as a result of the outbreak, the cattle industry ... The Cattle Bank is a historic bank building located at 102 E. University Ave. in Champaign, Illinois. Built in 1858, it is the ... The Cattle Bank building has been the home of the Champaign County History Museum since 2001. Founded in 1972 and open for ...
The Ankole is a breed or group of breeds of African cattle, belonging to the broad Sanga cattle grouping of African breeds.: ... cattle). Marleen Felius (1995). Cattle Breeds: An Encyclopedia. Doetinchem, Netherlands: Misset. ISBN 9789054390176. Valerie ... J. E. O. Rege (1999). The state of African cattle genetic resources. I. Classification framework and identification of ... it is not clear if or how these are related to the royal herd of Inyambo cattle reportedly confiscated and auctioned off in ...
Cows measures 1.15 m (3 ft 9 in) and 280 kg (620 lb), the bulls 1.20 m (3 ft 11 in) and 350 kg (770 lb). Cattle in Corsica were ... The Corse or Corsicana is a French breed of cattle indigenous to the island of Corsica.: 159 : 275 The Corse is the traditional ... Marleen Felius (1995). Cattle Breeds: An Encyclopedia. Doetinchem, Netherlands: Misset. ISBN 9789054390176. Race bovine CORSE ( ... Breed data sheet: Corse / France (Cattle). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture ...
Cattle breeds, Cattle breeds originating in India, Animal husbandry in Maharashtra). ... The Deoni is an Indian breed of draught cattle. It is named after the taluk of Deoni in the Latur district of Maharashtra state ... G. Singh, G.K. Gaur, A.E. Nivsarkar, G.R. Patil, K.R. Mitkari (2002). Deoni cattle breed of India. A study on population ... "Deoni cattle". Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 15 May 2015.[ ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guernsey cattle. The American Guernsey Association English Guernsey Cattle Society The ... 192 Some cattle evacuated from Alderney during the Second World War were merged into the breed. Exports of cattle and semen ... Dairy cattle breeds, Guernsey, Conservation Priority Breeds of the Livestock Conservancy, Cattle breeds originating in the ... 3 Imports of French cattle to Guernsey were forbidden by law in 1819, but some importation of British cattle continued until ...
... (Icelandic: íslenskur nautgripur [ˈistlɛnskʏr ˈnœitˌkrɪːpʏr̥]) are a breed of cattle native to Iceland. Cattle ... and Nordland Cattle. No cattle are permitted to be imported into Iceland, so they have been protected by strict disease- ... it would be more cost-effective to replace Icelandic cattle with Swedish cattle, as the latter produce more milk at a lower ... Icelandic cattle have been genetically isolated for centuries, but are most closely related to a breed in Norway called ...
... are a breed of zebu cattle found in the Achham region of Nepal. Achham cattle are a small breed less than 1 meter ... Cattle breeds, Mammals of Nepal, Cattle breeds originating in Nepal, Sudurpashchim Province, All stub articles, Cattle stubs). ... Achhami cattle (Bos indicus) are in the list of unique flora/fauna of Nepal. They are suitable for hill conditions and low ... Institutional Strengthening and Awareness Raising for Sustainable Conservation of Critically Endangered Achhami Cattle. p. 26. ...
... are closely related to the Afar cattle; this is a result of historical cattle raiding by the Raya people. The Raya ... The long-horned Raya cattle are a breed of cattle common in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The Raya cattle have red and black ... Afar cattle Ethiopia has been at a crossroads for cattle immigration to Africa due to proximity to the geographical entry of ... Hence, the breed reproduction is much better for the agro-pastoral Raya breeds than for the generalist Arado cattle breed of ...
"Cattle Raiders". Retrieved February 18, 2019. Cattle Raiders at IMDb (Articles with short description, Short ... "Cattle Raiders (1938) - Overview". Retrieved February 18, 2019. Hal Erickson. "Cattle Raiders (1938) - Sam Nelson". ... Cattle Raiders is a 1938 American Western film directed by Sam Nelson and written by Joseph F. Poland and Ed Earl Repp. The ...
Dairy cattle breeds, Cattle breeds originating in Canada, Conservation Priority Breeds of the Livestock Conservancy, Cattle ... Canadienne cattle, also known as Black Canadienne, French Canadienne, and Black Jersey, are the only breed of dairy cattle ... Canadienne Cattle Breeders Association The Association for the Development of the Canadienne Cattle Breed in Charlevoix Animals ... It is believed that Canadienne cattle come from the same general ancestry as Guernsey, Jersey and Kerry cattle. They developed ...
List of breeds of cattle "Dangi cattle". Oklahoma state University. Retrieved 16 May 2015. "Indian Cow Breed - Dangi". Gou ... Exhibition To Boost Dangi Cattle Breed - Video (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Cattle ... Dangi (Marathi:डांगी) is an indigenous cattle breed of India. It originated in the hilly tracts of Dangs comprising the Nasik ... breeds originating in India, Cattle breeds, Nashik district, Animal husbandry in Maharashtra). ...
Cattle breeds originating in Kazakhstan, Cattle breeds, All stub articles, Cattle stubs). ... The Alatau cattle (also Ala Tau) are a breed of cattle of, Kazakh SSR (USSR), named after the Alatau (Turkic "Motley Mountain"[ ... Ala Tau cattle are used for beef and dairy production. v t e (Articles with ...
ANKOLE CATTLE: This eastern African breed of cattle can survive on less water than other breeds but face extinction within the ...
Feeder Cattle prices (GF), including contracts quotes and price charts from the CME. Feeder Cattle futures prices and feeder ... Feeder Cattle Cash (CME) Date. Open. High. Low. Last. Change. Percent. 02/01. 180.370. 180.370. 180.370. 180.370. -0.050. -0.03 ...
The Louisiana Cattle Festival is underway in a new home this year. The festivities began on Wednesday, and continue through ... The Louisiana Cattle Festival is underway in a new home this year. ...
Big Loss of Cattle. (1915, November 19). The Inverell Times (NSW : 1899 - 1907, 1909 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 1, 2023 ... 1915 Big Loss of Cattle., The Inverell Times (NSW : 1899 - 1907, 1909 - 1954), 19 November, p. 4. , viewed 01 Feb 2023, http ... The Inverell Times (NSW : 1899 - 1907, 1909 - 1954), Fri 19 Nov 1915, Page 4 - Big Loss of Cattle. ... "Big Loss of Cattle." The Inverell Times (NSW : 1899 - 1907, 1909 - 1954) 19 November 1915: 4. Web. 1 Feb 2023 , ...
That why a U.K.-based company has launched Tudder, a "Tinder for cattle" that matches cows and bulls from over 42,000 farms for ... Theres a New Version of Tinder Made Just for Cattle (60-Second Video) Here are three things entrepreneurs should know today. ...
The county is putting its cattle branding registry online, allowing owners to register cattle brands online. ...
Information for veterinarians about vaccination of cattle against brucellosis. ... Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection ... Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis in cattle.. B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed ... Veterinarians and other medical staff performing immunizations in cattle should be aware of the risks and what to do when an ...
Download Cattle SVG cut files and Cliparts at Ann The Gran. AI, EPS, PSD, JPG & PNG formats at one price. ... Download Cattle SVG cut files and Cliparts at AI, EPS, PSD, JPG & PNG formats at one price. ...
... / [Frank Hurley]. Creator. Hurley, Frank, 1885-1962 Call Number. PIC FH/1747 LOC Cold store PIC ... title=[Cattle in a paddock] , year=1910 , section=1 negative : glass ; full plate. , series=Hurley negative collection. , ... 1910). [Cattle in a paddock] Retrieved November 28, 2022, from ... 1910, [Cattle in a paddock] , viewed 28 November 2022 ...
Cattle definition, bovine animals, especially domesticated members of the genus Bos. See more. ... Words nearby cattle. Cattegat, Cattell, Catterick, cattery, cattish, cattle, cattle-cake, cattle call, cattle car, cattle class ... cattle. herd, oxen, beasts, bulls, calves, cows, dogies, livestock, longhorn, shorthorns, stock, strays ... You will find winding pasture for sheep and highland cattle.. Ester Elchies, The Estate Built By Whiskey,,December 10, 2014, ...
... breed of hardy dairy cattle originating in the county of Ayr, Scotland, in the latter part of the 18th century and considered ... Ayrshire, breed of hardy dairy cattle originating in the county of Ayr, Scotland, in the latter part of the 18th century and ...
The cattle keepers of Karamoja have raided each others herds for generations: for prestige, to pay dowries and increase wealth ... Brazils cattle sector has become the largest driver for deforestation globally, overtaking palm oil plantations in Asia. With ... Climate change fuels violence as hunger drives cattle poaching in East Africa Jocelyn T Edwards ... Cattle ranchers bigger culprits in Amazon deforestation than soy farmers, new NGO study shows ...
Cattle teach their children how to grow up to be cattle by sitting them in front of some kind of video screen at very early ... Cattle justify this atrocity by claiming that outside is dangerous for children and they will get hurt. Cattle all have jobs ... Cattle have bad habits like smoking and drinking. This is even more revenue for the US Government. Cattle are frustrated with ... Diet soda is on the fast food drive-thru menu to make the cattle feel healthy. Cattle never have time to exercise, because ...
... of Kerkhoven grooms one of his cows in preparation for its time in the show ring during the annual Dairy Days Dairy Cattle Show ...
List/View Cattle for Sale Cattle for Sale. * View Cattle for Sale listings ...
Place a bid on 20 lbs Premium Quality Red Angus Ground Beef LOCAL KF Land and Cattle to help support the MNLA Foundation ... 20 lbs Premium Quality Red Angus Ground Beef LOCAL KF Land and Cattle. Item Number. 202. Estimated Value Priceless Sold $110 ... KF Land & Cattle is a joint venture between Rock Hard owners, Brian and Andrea Feist, and Andrea?s parents, Randy and Linda ...
Australian Cattle Dog information including personality, history, grooming, pictures, videos, and the AKC breed standard. ... Australian Cattle Dog. The compact but muscular Australian Cattle Dog, also called Blue Heeler or Queensland Heeler, is related ...
Irelands Central Statistics Office reports that a total of 1.91 million cattle were bred in Ireland in 2004, as compared with ... Irelands Central Statistics Office reports that a total of 1.91 million cattle were bred in Ireland in 2004, as compared with ...
One would be naïve to believe that there isnt more of these huge feedlots on the horizon.
So bad that California ranchers are selling their cattle to Texas ranchers--even though Texas, too, is going through a , ... California Cattle Leave for Texas. Joel B. Pollak. 19 Feb 2014. How bad is the California drought? So bad that California ... "The cheapest loss could be the first loss, since ranchers who sell off cattle sooner have a better chance of rationing enough ... ranchers are selling their cattle to Texas ranchers-even though Texas, too, is going through a major dry spell. It is the ...
Were developing a science-based tool to assess and benchmark the welfare of beef cattle on-farm. ... Benchmarking beef cattle welfare. Consumers are increasingly demanding higher standards of welfare in animal production systems ... Developing a tool to assess and benchmark the welfare of beef cattle We are working with the NSW Department of Primary ... Were developing a science-based tool to assess and benchmark the welfare of beef cattle on-farm. © Kat Jayne ...
Agriculture, Cattle, Cattle Pasture, Cattle Ranching, Deforestation, Environment, Forests, Habitat Destruction, Habitat Loss, ... A recent analysis finds high levels of deforestation within and around the national park, and researchers say cattle ranching ... We go in and take Indigenous lands back from cattle ranchers: Q&A with activist Pablo Sibar ... Researchers say satellite imagery show evidence that these clearings are being used for cattle pasture. ...
... and supplementation for beef cattle. There are also tips for safe cattle handling and design principles for cattle facilities. ... Beef Cattle. Below are links to information regarding the nutrition, pasture, and supplementation for beef cattle. There are ... also tips for safe cattle handling and design principles for cattle facilities. ...
June Live Cattle future took some heat yesterday but manage to close off the lows; Aug. Feeder Cattle managed to rally into the ... August Live Cattle futures responded well to Fridays Cattle on Feed report in yesterdays session. ... Live Cattle futures made closed at the highest level in nearly a month as we continue to move past the peak panic stage of ... In a normal market environment this would be a very bullish Cattle on Feed report, unfortunately we are in anything but a ...
cattle. "Socio-ecological network" finds space for cattle, fish, and people in the big mountain west A special issue of ... "Socio-ecological network" finds space for cattle, fish, and people in the big mountain west A special issue of Frontiers in ...
Home » Blogs » We are not cattle Albuquerque Journal and its reporters are committed to telling the stories of our community. ... We are not cattle. By Joline Gutierrez Krueger / Journal Staff Writer Published: Thursday, March 12th, 2020 at 10:31PM. ... We are not cattle.". Both Wright and Rizzo refute Lujan Grishams news conference contention that she has spoken personally ...
Thousands of cattle in Kansas have died as a national heat wave scorches the U.S., leaving one of the countrys leading cattle ... Thousands of cattle dead amid continuing heat wave. At least 2,000 Kansas cattle have died as temperatures continue to rise. ... Cattle are a robust animal; they can adapt to all kinds of weather all over the world, Tarpoff said. Some animals just did ... At least 2,000 cattle have died as of Tuesday, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment told ABC News. ...
A picture of Proud cattle owner hosted by ...
  • An outbreak of acute toxic hepatopathy in cattle occurred from December of 2021 to January of 2022 in a beef cattle farm from Rio Grande do Sul state , Southern Brazil , and resulted in 94 deaths from a herd of 430 animals . (
  • KF Land & Cattle is a joint venture between Rock Hard owners, Brian and Andrea Feist, and Andrea?s parents, Randy and Linda Kieser, to raise premium quality Red Angus beef while participating in the western way of life in Andrea?s home state of Wyoming. (
  • We're developing a science-based tool to assess and benchmark the welfare of beef cattle on-farm. (
  • To ensure that consumer confidence in the industry is maintained, the beef sector wants to be able to demonstrate its commitment to improving cattle welfare. (
  • We are working with the NSW Department of Primary Industries and Meat and Livestock Australia to develop a producer-driven, science-based tool to assess and benchmark the welfare of beef cattle on-farm. (
  • Through scientific research and industry consultation, the project team have drafted a suite of measures to assess and benchmark the welfare performance of pasture-based beef cattle operations. (
  • Below are links to information regarding the nutrition, pasture, and supplementation for beef cattle. (
  • AJ Tarpoff, associate professor and beef extension veterinarian at Kansas State University, told ABC News that multiple factors led to the heat stress that caused the cattle to die. (
  • Hagins said Kansas markets 5.5 million cattle each year, so while the loss of these 2,000 was unfortunate, this event should not affect market prices or the supply chain for beef. (
  • Cattle futures ?climbed Monday while hogs slid, as traders bet that wide beef packer margins would keep prices in the cattle market high. (
  • The modern era in beef cattle breeding was ushered in with the weighing of animals and the keeping of written production records. (
  • Published nutrient requirements of beef cattle do not include guidelines for adjusting rations during the winter. (
  • U.S. cattle producers are sending higher numbers of breeding stock to the sale barn, and some are liquidating their herds entirely, signaling a trend that analysts say will likely push already-elevated beef prices even higher in the not-too-distant future. (
  • Usually when beef floods the market, prices for cattle goes down. (
  • Results from a two year research project at the University of Nebraska (1996 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report) showed that corn with test weights of 46 and 56 lbs per bushel resulted in identical gain and feed efficiency when fed to growing and finishing steers. (
  • 1996 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report. (
  • Kansas is one of the nation's top cattle producers, ranking third behind Texas and Nebraska, according to the National Cattlemen's Beef Association. (
  • You will learn common terminology, breeds of beef cattle, about the life cycle of beef cattle, what they eat, how they grow, and much more. (
  • The Australian beef industry has launched a $15 million research project, examining the genetic traits of methane emissions in beef cattle. (
  • It will focus on compiling existing and creating new data on beef cattle methane emissions, measured specifically for genetic evaluation, with the aim to generate methane emission research breeding values. (
  • Angus Australia's commitment to this cutting-edge collaborative project, shows how our organisation and members, Angus beef cattle farmers, will be part of the solution to develop tools to reduce methane emissions of livestock. (
  • This technology will be installed at key beef cattle R&D locations including the University of New England's Tullimba feedlot, where most of the Angus Sire Benchmarking Program (ASBP) bred steers are fed and tested for feed intake. (
  • The industry also includes cattle feedlot operations, which produce high-quality beef. (
  • The beef industry includes breeding, feeding, and marketing cattle with the eventual processing and merchandising of retail products to consumers. (
  • You might need their cattle fly up today and beef systems have? (
  • This Issue Brings You:Common Calving Issues and How to Avoid ThemColostrum Alternatives for Beef CalvesDrought PlanDimitra: Digital Advancements in Cattle ManagementNEMO Feed - A Passion for Serving OthersMore. (
  • Other vaccines, such as Brucella abortus S19 for cattle and B. melitensis Rev-1 for sheep and goats, can also cause infection in humans. (
  • E granulosus is an infection caused by tapeworms found in dogs and livestock such as sheep, pigs, goats, and cattle. (
  • Q fever is a disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, which can be transmitted to humans from animals such as sheep, goats, and cattle. (
  • In the treatment village, the maximum number of ticks per animal was 11.6 in oxen, 9.5 in sheep, 8.9 in goats and 8.6 in cattle. (
  • Mountain spotted fever, Q fever, Crimean-Congo haem- insects and ticks on cattle, sheep, goats, horses and dogs, orrhagic fever (CCHF), summer Russian encephalitis, as well as for control of parasitic mites in honeybee and relapsing fever ( 1 - 4 ). (
  • The main reservoirs for transmission of Q fever outbreaks of Q fever since 1959 with 9 of these are cattle, sheep and goats. (
  • In NSW, Q fever is a notifiable condition under largely attributed to close contact with cattle, sheep the Public Health Act 2010 and notifiable to the local and goats, particularly their reproductive organs and Public Health Unit (PHU). (
  • At least 2,000 cattle have died as of Tuesday, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment told ABC News. (
  • According to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, the state is aware of at least 2,000 cattle deaths in the southwest region, but that number is based on the number of calls the agency has received to help with disposing of the carcasses. (
  • Species-rich grasslands could provide more nutritional benefits to cattle than conventional pasture. (
  • We got up early and gathered cattle, and because he's a capable cattle dog, he joined the cowboys in the pasture. (
  • Researchers say satellite imagery show evidence that these clearings are being used for cattle pasture. (
  • The Clean Livestock Policy aims to ensure a consistent approach to categorisation of animals presented for slaughter and to minimise the risk of food poisoning caused by bacteria on dirty coats and fleeces of cattle and sheep. (
  • The Clean Livestock Policy has improved cattle cleanliness - it has resulted in an improvement in the visible cleanliness of animals being slaughtered. (
  • The visitors' interest also reflects a growing concern in the State about the fate of domestic breeds of cattle and other livestock. (
  • In this regard, the Livestock Department of the district has launched a vaccination campaign and the department's officials on Monday vaccinated a number of cattle against the disease. (
  • There is decrease of 4.10% in cattle population and 3.14% in cattle genetic resources of India as compared to the quinquennial livestock census. (
  • So bad that California ranchers are selling their cattle to Texas ranchers-even though Texas, too, is going through a major dry spell. (
  • The cheapest loss could be the first loss, since ranchers who sell off cattle sooner have a better chance of rationing enough grass for later," she notes grimly. (
  • Hagins said many ranchers make sure to increase water availability for cattle as temperatures rise, and also adjust feeding schedules for the animals. (
  • I'm sure cattle ranchers aren't doing this because they want to. (
  • Live Cattle futures made closed at the highest level in nearly a month as we continue to move past the peak panic stage of Covid-19. (
  • August Live Cattle futures responded well to Friday's Cattle on Feed report in yesterday's session. (
  • Live cattle futures for June delivery rose 1% to $1.321 a pound on Monday at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, extending a ?rally that began midway through last week as packers paid feedyards more for cattle in the cash trade. (
  • Results of search for 'ccl=su:{Cattle. (
  • And probably you would continue to let sections of it to men that wanted to raise cattle or horses on a small scale. (
  • Horses and cattle are expensive, but that should not stop you from owning one. (
  • At Texas Made Cattle & Horse Company , you can find flexible financing options that let you purchase horses or cattle and have them paid over time. (
  • Do you need well-raised and quality cattle and horses for racing or roping? (
  • Ayrshire , breed of hardy dairy cattle originating in the county of Ayr , Scotland , in the latter part of the 18th century and considered to be the only special dairy breed to have originated in the British Isles . (
  • Simon Johnson, 13, of Kerkhoven grooms one of his cows in preparation for its time in the show ring during the annual Dairy Days Dairy Cattle Show Friday at the Kandiyohi County Fairgrounds in Willmar. (
  • This industry includes farms and ranches that primarily engage in raising cattle, including cattle for dairy herd replacements, or feeding cattle to fatten and prepare them for consumption. (
  • Have particular dairy cattle should always be doing well. (
  • Founded in 1940, the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association, Inc. is a federation of the seven national dairy breed registry associations representing over 60,000 members. (
  • It provides leadership within the industry and conducts activities to increase the acceptance of purebred dairy cattle, while expanding opportunities for owners of dairy cattle to profit through improved management and marketing. (
  • The seven dairy breed registry associations who are represented in the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association offer youth programs that include show ring and production award recognition, showmanship and judging contest participation, local, state and national achievement recognition, and the opportunity to compete for college scholarships. (
  • Historically, PDCA has provided leadership in the development of the uniform rules for official milk production testing programs, governing the artificial insemination of dairy cattle, animal health regulations, dairy cattle exporting, show ring classifications, and sale ethics and practices. (
  • In summer and autumn 2011, farmers and veterinarians in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and in the Netherlands reported to the animal health services, local diagnostic laboratories, and national research institutes an unidentified disease in dairy cattle with a short period of clear clinical signs, including fever, decreased milk production, and diarrhea. (
  • On July 6th, 2003, a 48-year-old dairy farmer was helping load cattle onto a trailer when he was fatally crushed between the end of a gate and a steel fence. (
  • Humans made cattle pull loads 2,000 years earlier than previously thought. (
  • At least 2,000 Kansas cattle have died as temperatures continue to rise. (
  • Humans spent a long time domesticating cattle , and what they were trying to do, in essence, was de-domesticate them. (
  • Brucella strain RB51 is a live-attenuated cattle vaccine strain, which can be shed in milk and can cause infections in humans. (
  • 8-10 Humans are associated with abattoirs, meatworks and cattle/goat/ predominately infected through inhalation of airborne sheep farms. (
  • Feeder Cattle prices (GF), including contracts quotes and price charts from the CME. (
  • Feeder Cattle futures prices and feeder cattle options prices listed along with commodity summary information. (
  • Aug. Feeder Cattle managed to rally into the afternoon session. (
  • Feeder cattle contracts also rose. (
  • The indigenous breeds of cattle posses various unique characteristics such as the presence of unique genetic variation in HSP70 gene family, carry a 'thermometer gene' and presence of A2 allelic variant in cow milk, which makes them well adapted to the tropical climate. (
  • Dublin however can cause disease and death in cattle, particularly in calves. (
  • That's right, San Diego deathgrind champions Cattle Decapitation have been personified in a unique line of action figures. (
  • According to Blabbermouth, two people were hospitalized after receiving injuries at last night’s Cattle Decapitation show in La Habra, California. (
  • Additional artists include: Cattle Decapitation, Aeon, The Ocean and Revocation. (
  • CDC environmental engineer Mia Mattioli samples cattle feces during an outbreak of E. coli at a nearby lettuce farm in California. (
  • Providing adequate bedding improves cattle cleanliness - checking that bedding is adequate on farm, during transport and in lairage at abattoir helps keep cattle clean. (
  • 2.) The proprietor of an abattoir at which cattle owned by another person are slaughtered may, on behalf of that other person, pay to the Commonwealth any levy payable in respect of the slaughter either before or after the levy is due for payment. (
  • Diet soda is on the fast food drive-thru menu to make the cattle feel healthy. (
  • No new outbreaks of infection were detected but a total of 25 new cases were seen at Fauna Ranch in the affected cattle herd. (
  • There remain essential cow herd traits not addressed directly by performance testing and EPDs that Basic Blacks cattle must have. (
  • Cattle graze near wind turbines at the Invenergy LLC Buckeye Wind Energy Center in Hays, Kansas, U.S., on Thursday, June 29, 2017. (
  • 2017) A structural variant in the 5'-flanking region of the TWIST2 gene affects melanocyte development in belted cattle. (
  • Because the way I think about this long-term, presumably a firm like Cargill can win the future with alternative "meat" in a way that a cattle rancher can't. (
  • There are tax benefits for engaging in form of agriculture, I have never made a profit and probably never will, but the property tax savings I get for attempting to be a cattle rancher more than makes up for my losses. (
  • Dan Jenkins, with the Harney County Sheriff's Office, has been investigating the killings of several cattle on Silvies Valley Ranch. (
  • The latest cattle report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows the market has contracted to levels not seen in years, with total inventory dropping 2% to 98.8 million head since July 2021. (
  • The futures market is seeing that and pricing that in…The spread trade of the day is buy cattle and sell hogs. (
  • B. abortus RB51 is a strain of this bacterium developed specifically for immunization of cattle against brucellosis to allow serological differentiation between naturally infected and vaccinated animals. (
  • And cattle producers work really hard to mitigate any kind of situation like this. (
  • Feeding BOVAMINE ® products also can enable producers to be proactive about reducing the presence of potentially harmful bacteria at the time of harvest which may impact the risk of the cattle carrying them into processing. (
  • With the heat of the summer upon us, cattle producers can get a leg up by using USDA's Heat Stress App that forecasts conditions triggering heat stress in cattle. (
  • Thousands of cattle in Kansas have died as a national heat wave scorches the U.S., leaving one of the country's leading cattle farming states with a loss amid rising production costs. (
  • The cattle deaths happened throughout the weekend, as extreme heat and humidity persisted through Saturday and Sunday. (
  • Tarpoff added that since nighttime temperatures were higher than usual, the cattle did not receive the normal cooling time they need to counter heat stress. (
  • The cattle deaths come amidst a national heat wave that has nearly 100 million Americans under heat advisories. (
  • A blistering heat wave killed thousands of cattle in Kansas over the weekend, and more excessive heat is in the forecast through the weekend. (
  • Heat stress in cattle is caused by a combination of high temperatures, high humidity, and little-to-no-wind to cool them off. (
  • Instead she managed cattle stations with her husband, coping with severe drought and diseases in the cattle. (
  • And several experts do point out that India's native cattle ( Bos indicus ) have evolved to cope with the climate and to "withstand diseases, parasites and calve easily without human assistance. (
  • Kerala's cattle population declined by around 48 per cent between 1996 and 2007. (
  • Ireland's Central Statistics Office reports that a total of 1.91 million cattle were bred in Ireland in 2004, as compared with 1.96 million in 2003 and 1.83 million in 2002. (
  • Whole genome sequence data of 2 belted and 130 control cattle yielded only one private genetic variant in the critical interval in the two belted animals. (
  • Standard for your cows, just add to fly control cattle applicators. (
  • Avoid using this rat snap trap consists of fly control cattle, cattle within the communications manager will be used as it looks good as the mineral supply company. (
  • Shop fly control cattle, study report no representation or. (
  • That why a U.K.-based company has launched Tudder , a "Tinder for cattle" that matches cows and bulls from over 42,000 farms for breeding purposes. (
  • We generated phylogenetic trees for dsb , Ehrlichia minasensis is a new pathogenic bacterial spe- flaB , and 16S rRNA genes and Trp36 protein using cies that infects cattle, and Borrelia theileri causes bovine the maximum-likelihood estimation method. (
  • Location of farms with PCR-positive cattle (blue dots) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. (
  • Those at greatest risk of Q fever are people Western Sydney Local Health District (SWSLHD) PHU employed at abattoirs, cattle farms and veterinarian was notified of two possible Q fever cases. (
  • The project aims to deliver decision making tools to identify cattle with genetic advantages for high productivity and low greenhouse gas impact. (
  • Angus Australia's general manager (genetic improvement), Christian Duff said the project will support the industry to breed cattle that are profitable for the supply chain, while meeting the environmental expectations of global consumers. (
  • India, one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries in the world, is home to large diversified cattle genetic resources, having 190.9 M cattle and so far 43 registered native cattle breeds. (
  • These cattle breeds are specially adapted to different agro-climatic conditions of India and their genetic diversity is due to the process of domestication over the centuries. (
  • The cattle keepers of Karamoja have raided each others' herds for generations: for prestige, to pay dowries and increase wealth. (
  • Breed your Brangus cattle and subsequent offspring from your initial Angus-Brangus breeding with Angus to do this. (
  • Dr. R. Vijayakumar, Director of Kerala's Animal Husbandry Department (AHD), says the State's new breeding policy "limits exotic [that is, non-native] germplasm to 50 per cent of cattle. (
  • At Ohlde Cattle Co ., balanced multiple trait selection has always been the cornerstone of our breeding philosophy. (
  • We believe that cattle breeding is an art. (
  • Maybe that's where the "art" of cattle breeding comes into play. (
  • Years of breeding for increased production or using too many highly promoted, unproven bulls has resulted in cattle that are--and let's be frank here--big, bad and ugly. (
  • According to the OIE, in the administrative division of Masvingo, a total of 26992 cattle received the first booster vaccination, 28 days after the initial vaccination of all properties within a 20-km-radius zone around the infected outbreaks. (
  • This Issue Brings You:Calving CamerasElements of Pre-calving Vaccination ProtocolShould You Invest in Cattle Facilities for Your Operation?Rawhide Portable Corrals: A Turning PointMishima Reserve: Making a Name for. (
  • The compact but muscular Australian Cattle Dog, also called Blue Heeler or Queensland Heeler, is related to Australia's famous wild dog, the Dingo. (
  • Note: the Australian Cattle Dog is also called Australian Heeler, Hall's Heeler, Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, Australian Cattledog and Australischer Treibhund. (
  • At Ohlde Cattle Co ., maternal is more than just milk, carcass means more than marbling and performance is more than just pounds. (
  • Drought conditions forcing cattle through the pipeline sooner. (
  • Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis in cattle. (
  • Brazil's cattle sector has become the largest driver for deforestation globally, overtaking palm oil plantations in Asia. (
  • A recent analysis finds high levels of deforestation within and around the national park, and researchers say cattle ranching is largely to blame for the intrusion. (
  • They found broad swaths of new grassland, meandering paths, straight lines indicating fences and multicolored cow-shaped specks, which they write is evidence that cattle ranching is happening in the national park and likely responsible for much of its deforestation. (
  • Transport factors can affect cattle cleanliness - Journey time, lorry design and number of animals transported, all impact on the cleanliness of cattle being delivered to slaughter. (
  • An Act relating to the Collection of Levy under the Cattle Slaughter Levy Act 1960. (
  • 1. This Act may be cited as the Cattle Slaughter Levy Collection Act 1960. (
  • 4. The amount of levy upon the slaughter of any cattle is due for payment upon the expiration of twenty-eight days after the last day of the month in which the cattle are slaughtered. (
  • 9.) In this section, a reference to the levy upon the slaughter of any cattle shall be read as including a reference to an amount that has become payable by way of penalty under sub-section (1. (
  • of section seven of this Act by reason of default in payment of levy upon the slaughter of those cattle. (
  • Agricultural sources, such as cattle ranches and paddy fields, were responsible for a 10-million-ton rise in emissions from South Asia and Oceania and a surge almost as big in Africa, the authors estimate. (
  • Cattle get docked severely when they appear hard to handle. (
  • Most Salmonella have the ability to affect a wide variety of host species, but Dublin's unique in that it is cattle-adapted, meaning that this serotype has evolved over time with cattle. (
  • Page 4 - Big Loss of Cattle. (
  • The Inverell Times (NSW : 1899 - 1907, 1909 - 1954), Fri 19 Nov 1915, Page 4 - Big Loss of Cattle. (
  • The use of BOVAMINE ® and BOVAMINE ® DEFEND probiotics help cattle get the most out of their feed for strong close outs to maximize your economic return. (
  • The Industry Standard in Low Stress Cattle Handling By Steve Weisman Working cattle in close quarters has always been a high stress, labor intensive and, yes, even dangerous job for both handlers and the cattle. (
  • ON209405-7), 6 se- cattle manifest signs that include fever, lethargy, quences for Trp36 protein (inferred from GenBank depression, and anorexia ( 3 , 4 ). (