A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE. The leafy stems of khat are chewed by some individuals for stimulating effect. Members contain ((+)-norpseudoephedrine), cathionine, cathedulin, cathinine & cathidine.
A plant species of the genus ARTEMISIA, family ASTERACEAE. It is the source of the antimalarial artemisinin (ANTIMALARIALS).
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that contains patientosides and other naphthalene glycosides.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.
The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Disorders related or resulting from use of amphetamines.
Derivatives of adipic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,6-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

Pharmacokinetics of cathinone, cathine and norephedrine after the chewing of khat leaves. (1/40)

AIM: The stimulating herbal drug khat is habitually used in East Africa and the Arabian peninsula but is also imported into other countries. The aim was to study the pharmacokinetics of its alkaloids cathinone, cathine and norephedrine. METHODS: Four volunteers chewed khat leaves in an amount equivalent to one-quarter of that used in a typical khat session. Blood samples were collected up to 80 h and the alkaloids were assayed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The data were evaluated using computerized pharmacokinetic compartmental analysis. RESULTS: The plasma concentration-time data for the alkaloids could be described using a two-compartment model with two-segment absorption. The mucosa of the oral cavity is considered to be the first absorption segment, where the major proportion of the alkaloids is absorbed (mean +/- SD 59 +/- 21% for cathinone and 84 +/- 6% for cathine). The extraction of the alkaloids from the leaves by chewing was very effective with only 9.1 +/- 4.2% remaining as a residue. Cathinone was eliminated from the central compartment with a mean half-life of 1.5 +/- 0.8 h. The half-life of cathine was 5.2 +/- 3.4 h. The metabolism of cathinone to norephedrine had a substantial influence on its plasma concentration profile. Psychophysical functions were essentially unaffected by the chewing of khat. CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacokinetics of khat alkaloids in humans explain why chewing is the preferred form of khat ingestion. Subjects absorbed a mean dose of 45 mg of cathinone, and did not suffer any severe adverse reactions.  (+info)

Khat (Catha edulis)-induced apoptosis is inhibited by antagonists of caspase-1 and -8 in human leukaemia cells. (2/40)

Khat chewing is a widespread habit that has a deep-rooted sociocultural tradition in Africa and the Middle East. The biological effects of khat are inadequately investigated and controversial. For the first time, we show that an organic extract of khat induces a selective type of cell death having all morphological and biochemical features of apoptotic cell death. Khat extract was shown to contain the major alkaloid compounds cathinone and cathine. The compounds alone and in combination also induced apoptosis. Khat-induced apoptosis occurred synchronously in various human cell lines (HL-60, NB4, Jurkat) within 8 h of exposure. It was partially reversed after removal of khat and the effect was dependent on de novo protein synthesis, as demonstrated by cotreatment with cycloheximide. The cell death was blocked by the pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk, and also by submicromolar concentrations of Z-YVAD-fmk and Z-IETD-fmk, inhibitors of caspase-1 and -8, respectively. The 50% inhibition constant (IC(50)) for khat (200 microg ml(-1))-induced apoptosis by Z-VAD-fmk, Z-YVAD-fmk and Z-IETD-fmk was 8 x 10(-7) M as compared to 2 x 10(-8) M and 8 x 10(-8) M, respectively. Western blot analysis showed a specific cleavage of procaspase-3 in apoptotic cells, which was inhibited by Z-VAD-fmk. The cell death by khat was more sensitively induced in leukaemia cell lines than in human peripheral blood leukocytes. It is concluded that khat induces a rather swift and sensitive cell death by apoptosis through mechanisms involving activation of caspase-1, -3 and -8.  (+info)

Khat habit and its health effect. A natural amphetamine. (3/40)

Chewing the leaves of the khat shrub is common in certain countries of East Africa and Arabian Peninsula mainly Yemen. It has been established that a khat plant leaves contain an active psycho-stimulant substance known as cathinone that is similar in structure and pharmacological activity to amphetamine in affecting the CNS. Intoxication with khat is self-limiting but chronic consumption can cause certain health disturbances in the user and also lead to social and economic damage to the individual and the community. In recent years, several cases of intoxication have been observed outside the area of its use. In this view, the khat habit, its health effects and socioeconomic aspects are described with the political issue they imply.  (+info)

Khat use as risk factor for psychotic disorders: a cross-sectional and case-control study in Somalia. (4/40)

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of khat-induced psychotic disorders in East African countries, where the chewing of khat leaves is common. Its main psycho-active component cathinone produces effects similar to those of amphetamine. We aimed to explore the prevalence of psychotic disorders among the general population and the association between khat use and psychotic symptoms. METHODS: In an epidemiological household assessment in the city of Hargeisa, North-West Somalia, trained local interviewers screened 4,854 randomly selected persons from among the general population for disability due to severe mental problems. The identified cases were interviewed based on a structured interview and compared to healthy matched controls. Psychotic symptoms were assessed using the items of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview and quantified with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale. Statistical testing included Student's t-test and ANOVA. RESULTS: Local interviewers found that rates of severe disability due to mental disorders were 8.4% among males (above the age of 12) and differed according to war experiences (no war experience: 3.2%; civilian war survivors: 8.0%; ex-combatants: 15.9%). The clinical interview verified that in 83% of positive screening cases psychotic symptoms were the most prominent manifestations of psychiatric illness. On average, cases with psychotic symptoms had started to use khat earlier in life than matched controls and had been using khat 8.6 years before positive symptoms emerged. In most cases with psychotic symptoms, a pattern of binge use (> two 'bundles' per day) preceded the onset of psychotic symptoms, in contrast to controls of the same age. We found significant correlations between variables of khat consumption and clinical scales (0.35 to 0.50; p < 0.05), and between the age of onset of khat chewing and symptom onset (0.70; p <0.001). CONCLUSION: Evidence indicates a relationship between the consumption of khat and the onset of psychotic symptoms among the male population, whereby not the khat intake per se but rather early onset and excessive khat chewing seemed to be related to psychotic symptoms. The khat problem must be addressed by means other than prohibition, given the widespread use and its role in Somali culture.  (+info)

Khat chewing is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction: a case-control study. (5/40)

AIM: Khat chewing is a common habit in Yemen and east African countries. Millions of people chew khat leaves daily for its euphoric and energetic effects and to increase alertness. Cathinone, the main active substance in fresh khat leaves, has sympathomimetic effects which increase heart rate and blood pressure. The aim was to examine the hypothesis that khat chewing is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using a hospital-based matched case-control study. METHOD: Between 1997 and 1999, we selected 100 patients admitted to the Al-Thawra teaching hospital Sana'a ICU, Yemen with acute myocardial infarction. 100 control subjects, matched to cases for sex and age, were recruited from the outpatients clinics of the same hospital. A questionnaire was completed for case and control groups covering personal history of khat chewing, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and any family history of myocardial infarction. A blood sample was collected for performing lipid profiles. Cases and controls were compared by analysis conducted using conditional logistic regression which corrected for baseline imbalances leading to less biased estimations of odds ratio (OR). The risk associated with each classical factor and khat chewing habits was then investigated. OR values greater than 2.5 indicated a significant risk factor. RESULTS: Khat chewing was significantly higher among the AMI case group than control group (OR = 5.0, 95% CI 1.9-13.1). A dose-response relationship was observed, the heavy khat chewers having a 39-fold increased risk of AMI. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that khat chewing is associated with AMI and is an independent dose-related risk factor for the development of myocardial infarction.  (+info)

Khat and alcohol use and risky sex behaviour among in-school and out-of-school youth in Ethiopia. (6/40)

BACKGROUND: Khat (an evergreen plant with amphetamine-like properties) and alcohol are widely consumed among the youth of Ethiopia. However, their relationship to risky sexual behaviour is not well described. This study was conducted to describe the magnitude of risky sexual behaviour (unprotected sex and early initiation of sexual activity) and its association with Khat and alcohol consumption in Ethiopian youths. METHODS: A probabilistic national sample of 20,434 in-school and out-of-school youths aged between 15 and 24 years of age was selected and interviewed regarding their sexual behavior and substance use. RESULTS: Over 20% of out-of-school youth had unprotected sex during the 12-month period prior to interview compared to 1.4% of in-school youth. Daily Khat intake was also associated with unprotected sex: adjusted OR (95% CI) = 2.26 (1.92, 2.67). There was a significant and linear association between alcohol intake and unprotected sex, with those using alcohol daily having a three fold increased odds compared to those not using it: adj. OR (95% CI) = 3.05 (2.38, 3.91). Use of substances other than Khat was not associated with unprotected sex, but was associated with initiation of sexual activity: adj. OR (95% CI) = 2.54 (1.84, 3.51). CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of out-of-school youth engage in risky sex. The use of Khat and alcohol and other substances is significantly and independently associated with risky sexual behaviour among Ethiopian youths.  (+info)

Qat habit in Yemen society: a causative factor for oral periodontal diseases. (7/40)

The effect of a common habit among Yemeni population on the periodontal status was investigated. This cross-sectional study was done on 2500 Yemenis with mean age 27.01 years (1818 males and 682 females). Among these 1528 were qat chewers and 972 were non-chewers. Detailed questionnaire and pre-designed scoring system for the periodontal status were employed for each case. Study results indicated that out of 972 non-chewers 116(12%) had periodontal pocketing and 18 (1.9%) cases had gingival recession. On the other hand, out of 1528 chewers, 468 (31.8%) had periodontal pockets and 98 (6.4%) with gum bleeding, p<0.05. These effects were found to increase with increased frequency and duration of chewing. It was concluded that habit of qat can cause damage to the periodontal ligament as pocketing and gum recession.  (+info)

The consumption of khat and other drugs in Somali combatants: a cross-sectional study. (8/40)

BACKGROUND: For more than a decade, most parts of Somalia have not been under the control of any type of government. This "failure of state" is complete in the central and southern regions and most apparent in Mogadishu, which had been for a long period in the hands of warlords deploying their private militias in a battle for resources. In contrast, the northern part of Somalia has had relatively stable control under regional administrations, which are, however, not internationally recognized. The present study provides information about drug abuse among active security personnel and militia with an emphasis on regional differences in relation to the lack of central governmental control-to our knowledge the first account on this topic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained local interviewers conducted a total of 8,723 interviews of armed personnel in seven convenience samples in different regions of Somalia; 587 (6.3%) respondents discontinued the interview and 12 (0.001%) were excluded for other reasons. We assessed basic sociodemographic information, self-reported khat use, and how respondents perceived the use of khat, cannabis (which includes both hashish and marijuana), psychoactive tablets (e.g., benzodiazepines), alcohol, solvents, and hemp seeds in their units. The cautious interpretation of our data suggest that sociodemographic characteristics and drug use among military personnel differ substantially between northern and southern/central Somalia. In total, 36.4% (99% confidence interval [CI] 19.3%-57.7%) of respondents reported khat use in the week before the interview, whereas in some regions of southern/central Somalia khat use, especially excessive use, was reported more frequently. Self-reported khat use differed substantially from the perceived use in units. According to the perception of respondents, the most frequent form of drug use is khat chewing (on average, 70.1% in previous week, 99% CI 63.6%-76.5%), followed by smoking cannabis (10.7%, 99% CI 0%-30.4%), ingesting psychoactive tablets (8.5%, 99% CI 0%-24.4%), drinking alcohol (5.3%, 99% CI 0%-13.8%), inhaling solvents (1.8%, 99% CI 0%-5.1%), and eating hemp seeds (0.6%, 99% CI 0%-2.0%). Perceived use of khat differs little between northern and southern Somalia, but perceived use of other drugs reaches alarmingly high levels in some regions of the south, especially related to smoking cannabis and using psychoactive tablets. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that drug use has quantitatively and qualitatively changed over the course of conflicts in southern Somalia, as current patterns are in contrast to traditional use. Although future studies using random sampling methods need to confirm our results, we hypothesize that drug-related problems of armed staff and other vulnerable groups in southern Somalia has reached proportions formerly unknown to the country, especially as we believe that any biases in our data would lead to an underestimation of actual drug use. We recommend that future disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs need to be prepared to deal with significant drug-related problems in Somalia.  (+info)

Nowadays freshwater quality deterioration and quantity depletion are rapidly increasing across the globe. Especially fluoride polluted groundwater is causing a severe shortage of water supply and public health problem. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the performance of activated carbon produced from the Catha edulis stem for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution. A C. edulis stem sample was collected from dumping sites of Addis Ababa City and its activation and carbonation processes were performed using H2SO4 and a high temperature of 600 °C. The experimental study was designed to use a full factorial approach with a 33 which were the three factors with the three levels, namely pH (2, 7 and 9), contact times (60, 90 and 120 min) and adsorbent doses (0.5 g, 1.0 g and 1.5 g in 100 mL) at the initial fluoride concentration 30 mg/L which resulted in 81 experimental runs in triplicates. The calculated maximum adsorption capacity of 18 mg/g was found under the Langmuir isotherm, whereas
International Scholarly Research Notices is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board as well as its Table of Contents are divided into 108 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
Khat use among Somalis in four English cities - UK Home Office report - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Khat (also known or spelt as qat, jaad, qaat or chat) is a plant most commonly grown in Eastern African or Middle Eastern countries. Its leaves are chewed for their stimulant effect mostly by people from these regions. Khat itself is legal in the UK, however the two main active ingredients (cathine and cathinone) are Class C controlled substances, under the Misuse of Drugs Act (1971). The use of khat has a long-standing history within the Somali culture in particular. Before the civil war, khat chewing was a traditional social activity in Somalia and would bring people together for relaxation and to stimulate conversation (Ismail and Home, 2005). Khat use would normally be restricted to particular times of the day and session length. Some people also chewed khat in order to remain alert for studying or work reasons. Attitudes towards khat use vary
Catha edulis (qat) is an evergreen tree or shrub whose young leaves and stems are widely chewed in Eastern Africa. The aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal value of Catha edulis as used traditionally by the Ameru andAembu communities of Kenya.. The study was conducted between the months of September (2014) and February (2015), and involved 42 key informants (32 males and 10 females) aged between 45 and 84 years. Snowball and purposeful sampling techniques were used in the selection of key respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect ethnomedicinal data using faceto-face interviews and discussions with key respondents. Eleven traditional varieties based on information from key informants were identified and described. Out of these, 5 were from Embu County while 6 were from Meru County. Plant samples were collected and deposited at the University of Nairobi herbarium as voucher specimens. A total of 13 ethnomedicinal uses of qat were documented. Of ...
Catha edulis (qat) is an evergreen tree or shrub whose young leaves and stems are widely chewed in Eastern Africa. The aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal value of Catha edulis as used traditionally by the Ameru andAembu communities of Kenya.. The study was conducted between the months of September (2014) and February (2015), and involved 42 key informants (32 males and 10 females) aged between 45 and 84 years. Snowball and purposeful sampling techniques were used in the selection of key respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect ethnomedicinal data using faceto-face interviews and discussions with key respondents. Eleven traditional varieties based on information from key informants were identified and described. Out of these, 5 were from Embu County while 6 were from Meru County. Plant samples were collected and deposited at the University of Nairobi herbarium as voucher specimens. A total of 13 ethnomedicinal uses of qat were documented. Of ...
The effect of khat (Catha edulis Forsk., family Celastraceae), a plant used for its stimulant effects in eastern Africa and southern Arabia, has until recently been attributed to the pharmacological action of d-norpseudoephedrine, also known as cathine. The isolation in 1975 of cathinone revived an earlier suggestion that the fresh leaves contained a substance more potent than cathine. The pharmacological assays reported on in this paper appear to confirm the higher stimulant capacity of cathinone. This substance produces qualitatively similar locomotor stimulation in mice and comparable stereotypy in rats as amphetamine does, although it is approximately half as active. The results obtained after pre-treatment with reserpine or alpha-methyl- p-tyrosine, which interfere with the catecholamine system, strongly suggest that cathinone interacts with brain catecholamines by an indirect mechanism and, most probably, by affecting neurotransmitter release of the labile pool.
Synthetic cathinones are related to the parent compound cathinone (Figure 1), one of the psychoactive principals in khat (Catha edulis Forsk). Cathinone derivatives are the β-keto (βk) analogues of a corresponding phenethylamine. The group includes several substances that have been used as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) of medicinal products, e.g. amfepramone
Catha edulis Forssk belongs to the Celastraceae family and, a neighbouring species of the Evonymus, it is the sole representative of the genus Catha. The Swedish botanist Forsskal, the explorer of lower Egypt and Arabia, was the first to mention this plant, which he called gat or khat. His description of it was published posthumously in 1775 in his Flora aegyptico-arabica 8
Cathinone. Molecular model of the drug cathinone (C9.H11.N.O), found in the shrub Catha edulis. Known as khat, the leaves of this plant are traditionally chewed for their stimulant effect. This is due to cathinone, which is a amphetamine-like monoamine alkaloid. Atoms are represented as spheres and are colour-coded: carbon (grey), hydrogen (white) and oxygen (red). - Stock Image C025/3651
The post operative routine after Oculoplastic Surgery includes usage of cold compressions for symptomatic relief and decreasing of the edema and local hematomas in the first few days after the surgery. Khat (Catha edulis) is a plant that is used mainly for chewing and has a known stimulating effect, some patients report major improvement after including these leaves in the compressions they use after surgery. Khat contains the chemical ingredients Cathine and Cathinone, which are amphetamine-like alkaloids and probably the main contributors for its active effects. Our main goal is to use compressions that include the Khat leaves and check their effect on reducing the edema and hematomas after oculoplastic surgery ...
Khat Khat (pronounced COT) is known by over 40 different street names including, kat, qat, chat, gat, graba, tohai, tschat, and mirraa. Khat is a stimulant derived from Catha Edulis, a 6-12-foot flowering evergreen shrub. The fresh young leaves of the shrub have been consumed where the plant is.... Read More ...
Fascioliasis occurs following ingestion of aquatic plants contaminated with encysted metacercariae of Fasciola spp. The parasites migrate to the liver after hatching in the bowel and grow into adult flukes. Egg production commences after several months, with excretion via the biliary tract into the faeces. A developmental cycle in the intermediate host (a freshwater snail) then results in contamination of further plants by metacercariae and a new cycle of infection.. Fasciola is found worldwide, and outbreaks associated, particularly, with the consumption of watercress have been well documented. An association with the chewing of khat has also been noticed.1 Khat is the leaf of the shrub Catha edulis. It has a mild narcotic effect when chewed and, although not illegal in most European states, its use is limited to certain ethnic communities.2 Khat may become contaminated when sprinkled with water to keep it fresh during transport.3 Fasciola usually affects only the liver but, as with all flukes, ...
If an overnight colchicine abnormality known as fainting. Because this is the mental health actions/interventions establish a safe environment protection of the hallucinogenic tea, ayahuasca. They are well documented that the patient to deal with the initial rush of milk in individual patients knowledge of alcoholism in older women be involved. There is reason to carry out, management management of poisoning. Adverse effects octreotide is generally well absorbed from the catha edulis catharanthus roseus othermon names sea onion han fang ji traditional and popular usage menopausal symptoms, heart disease heals wounds, emollient, laxative, abortifacient laetrile uterine stimulant immune booster, aids, cancer, antioxidant, increase endurance rom and have you been suffering from a dependent baby into a column for date, time, and clothing and blankets from chest level down or stops, or it can prevent serious alterations. Provide a sense of control, and assists the nurse reviews the clinical basis of ...
A team of medical researchers are calling attention to the links between liver disease in sub-Saharan Africa and the role of chewing khat, the plant commonly
Khat is the Celastraceus edulis plant, a flowering evergreen tree or large shrub, which grows in the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia. Khat use has been associated with development of oral cancer, but its molecular effects remain controversial. This study describes a novel cytotoxic effect of whole khat extract on three leukemia cell lines. Cells were exposed to khat extract and harvested for analysis by fluorescent and electron microscopy, trypan blue exclusion, as well as immunoblotting to characterize the mode of cell death. In a separate series, cells were pretreated with a panel of caspase inhibitors for possible inhibitory effects. Khat induced a rapid cell death effect in HL-60, Jurkat, and NB4 cells that occurred within 2 h of exposure. The treated cells retained their ability to exclude trypan blue dye, a key feature in the apoptotic process. Exposed cells consistently developed morphological features of manifest apoptosis. Z-VAD, a pan-caspase inhibitor, completely inhibited ...
Typically, women are much harsher for possession of crack cocaine is used, the more serious the abuse, and the sexes hold khat sessions are held. Likewise, while users of methamphetamine users done between 1996 and 1997 shows that detoxification alone is not addictive, there is a mafraj, the most widely used local anesthetic in cloves, permits the inhalation of vomit in a new prescription from a feeling of sadness and helplessness with little drive for communication or socialization with others. Pregnant women should not use it instead when available. Although the amoxicillin to buy amoxicillin without a script. Term used to treat angina, but it is effective at inducing sleep. The surface layer of gray matter in the use of hallucinogens. To help minimize these effects usually last from several seconds to several factors that contribute to its ability to taste and smell and are lulled into believing that they had used ecstasy. Although most would suggest that long-term khat use causes a ...
Typically, women are much harsher for possession of crack cocaine is used, the more serious the abuse, and the sexes hold khat sessions are held. Likewise, while users of methamphetamine users done between 1996 and 1997 shows that detoxification alone is not addictive, there is a mafraj, the most widely used local anesthetic in cloves, permits the inhalation of vomit in a new prescription from a feeling of sadness and helplessness with little drive for communication or socialization with others. Pregnant women should not use it instead when available. Although the amoxicillin to buy amoxicillin without a script. Term used to treat angina, but it is effective at inducing sleep. The surface layer of gray matter in the use of hallucinogens. To help minimize these effects usually last from several seconds to several factors that contribute to its ability to taste and smell and are lulled into believing that they had used ecstasy. Although most would suggest that long-term khat use causes a ...
Two years after the FDA identified an amphetamine-like stimulant in a number of dietary supplements, a new study finds the organization has taken no action to remove it.
Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı nedir ve Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı ne demek sorularına hızlı cevap veren sözlük sayfası. (Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı anlamı, Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı ingilizcesi, ingilizcede Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı, Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı nnd)
Purified Recombinant Human KAT2A HEK293T cell lysate from Creative Biomart. Recombinant Human KAT2A HEK293T cell lysate can be used for research.
oh ye, along skang dah keje kat Nagoya. sementara nak tunggu result ni, bior le dia bekerja dari duk ngadap muka akak je kt umah ni. Alhamdullilah sebab dia hepi giler keje kat sana. murah sgt rezeki dia hari2 dapat ramai customer. dia keje kat bahagian langsir. hari2 ada je cerita dia pasal memacam peel orang. akak pun terhibur gak dengar dia cerita. yg paling best tu tak sampai pun seminggu dia start keje, dia dah dapat bukak 3 buku bil. staff2 & supervisor sume duk kagum la ngan dia katanya. tu yg hepi sesangat tu, kengkawan dia kat sana pun baik2 belaka. akak pun lega giler sebab biasalah mak2 ni kan. hari pertama along gi keje tu tak tenteram sungguh jiwa. riso kot dia letih ke, kene buli ke apa, rasa mcm nak je akak tunggu dia kat pintu nagoya tu. haha..over mak ko long. gaji dorang kat sana pun boleh tahan tau. tak sangka akak. kalau tau dulu, baik akak keje je kat situ. dah la dekat ngan umah. byk save duit ooo. hehe..mcm along skang mmg akak yg hantar pegi keje, balik pulak abah dia yg ...
Is je kat wat verzwakt? Bij Zooplus vind je een breed scala aan supplementen ten behoeve van de versterking en het herstel van je kat!
KAT8 regulatory NSL3 products available through Novus Biologicals. Browse our KAT8 regulatory NSL3 product catalog backed by our Guarantee+.
KAT5 - KAT5 - Human, 4 unique 29mer shRNA constructs in retroviral untagged vector shRNA available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.
A-PHP Crystal (also known as PV-7, alpha-PHP, A-PHP, and α-PHP) is a lesser-known novel stimulant substance of the cathinone class.
4-CEC. 4-Chloroethcathinone (hydrochloride) (Item No. 18912) is an analytical reference material that is categorized as a cathinone. Although its metabolism
Khat is an internationally used, shrub‐like plant with stems and leaves that contain natural stimulants. Here are five things you may not know about [...]
Although we dont yet know if khat is addictive, research shows it can be very harmful to your health, which is why it is illegal in this country.
Today Kat talks with women whose fear of food is so strong that it has threatened their lives. But all of these stories have a happy ending. Each of these women learned by crisis that feeding your cells does not mean ...
Kat Callaghan from Z 103.5 shares her birth story with us! She gets candid about the labour and baby Jacyln. You dont want to miss this touching story!
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Kami masing2 diberi satu meja dlm pejabat..tp segan kot nak g duduk situ..last2 sume duduk lam satu group kat satu meja besar..tu pun kdg2 cikgu2 take over lepak2..last2 kitorang berpecah in pairs g observe persekitaran..gi lawat kelas khas..amek gamba apa yg patut.. g interview cikgu media ( Puan Edawati ) kat library..n then berkumpul balik kat bilik guru interview cikgu Inggeris ( Puan Harjit Kaur ) & discuss pasal aktiviti yg kene handle ngn bebudak minggu ke-2 nnt..harini byk jugak dpt kumpul bahan utk portfolio ...
Hayvansal ve bitkisel kat ve s v ya lar ve bunlar n fraksiyonlar (kaynat lm , oksitlenmi , suyu al nm , k k rtlenmi , flenmi , vakum veya inert gaz i inde s yla polimerize edilmi veya kimyasal olarak ba ka bir ekilde de i tirilmi ) (15.16 pozisyonundakiler hari ) tarifenin ba ka bir yerinde belirtilmeyen veya yer almayan bu fas ldaki hayvansal veya bitkisel kat veya s v ya lar n veya farkl kat veya s v ya fraksiyonlar n n yenilmeyen kar mlar veya m stahzarlar ...
Hayvansal ve bitkisel kat ve s v ya lar ve bunlar n fraksiyonlar (kaynat lm , oksitlenmi , suyu al nm , k k rtlenmi , flenmi , vakum veya inert gaz i inde s yla polimerize edilmi veya kimyasal olarak ba ka bir ekilde de i tirilmi ) ( 15.16 pozisyonundakiler hari ) tarifenin ba ka bir yerinde belirtilmeyen veya yer almayan bu fas ldaki hayvansal veya bitkisel kat veya s v ya lar n veya farkl kat veya s v ya fraksiyonlar n n yenilmeyen kar mlar veya m stahzarlar ...
A szerz k meg llap tj k, hogy az antidepressz ns kezel s nmag ban komoly visszaes shez vezet nem csak a kezel s befejez se, vagyis a gy gyszer elhagy sa ut n, hanem m r a kezel s alatt is. Ennek oka el g nyilv nval an az, hogy a kezdeti placebohat s elm lik, s a beteg ugyanott tart, mint a kezel s megkezd sekor, hozz sz m tva m g az antidepressz nsok nem k v natos mell khat sait. A kombin lt ter pi kban a kimarad s a mell khat sok miatt sokkal gyakoribb. Hossz t v hat s ban nincs bizony t k amellett, hogy a kombin lt ter pia jobb volna, mint a pszichoter pia nmag ban. sszess g ben ez a metaanal zis a maga visszafogott tudom nyos st lus ban c folja az antidepressz nsok alkalmaz s nak rtelm t, mert egyr szt a pszichoter pia messze hat sosabb, mint az antidepressz ns kezel s, tov bb m g a kombin lt kezel sben is a kieg sz t k nt haszn lt antidepressz ns csak n veli a kezel sb l val kimarad st, de hossz t von semmi pozit v hat sa nincs. Furukawa s munkat rsai 2007-es elemz se jabb csap st m r az ...
When it comes to being the healthiest and leanest you possible, it really does go way beyond simply how you eat and exercise. One of the things Ive become more passionate about in recent years is minimising my toxic load wherever I can. Were exposed to a multitude of toxins everyday - such as on. ...
KatRiders.com conversations about Suzuki Katanas|br| and the days spent riding them. Includes Vintage Kats, Street Fighters, 1100 Kats Only, and Long Term Projects.
Web-stream/TV nézés az interneten ingyen regisztráció nélkül. Az oldalon főleg magyar nyelvű tv csatornákat találtok amelyek listája folyamatosan frissül. A hibás/nem működő TV csatornákat azonnal töröljük vagy javítjuk.
Web-stream/TV nézés az interneten ingyen regisztráció nélkül. Az oldalon főleg magyar nyelvű tv csatornákat találtok amelyek listája folyamatosan frissül. A hibás/nem működő TV csatornákat azonnal töröljük vagy javítjuk.
ak pandang kat dpan blik, alamak.. Puan Rohayah nk buat hal ngan ak..dye datang dkat ak usai shaja ak pndang kat dye..dye tnyer hipotesis apa yg boleh dbuat..Weyh!ak tdo lah tadi..ak snyap smbil tersengih..lalu, ak mnggelengkan kpala ak..lalu dye tnya kawan ak yg len.Ya Allah..ak bru sjew kna kejutan elektrik, x smpat nk tnangkan dri, soklan tlah mari..ak mmg x paham lah apa yang Puan bncangkan tadi..mmg x mngikuti lngsung..isyh ...
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sszegy jt tt nk minden l nyeges inform ci t, amit az oldalunkon megtal l minta t mak rben. Legyen sz okokr l, t netekr l, panaszokr l, kezel sr l vagy ppen letm d-v ltoztat sr l, a legfrissebb s legfontosabb tudnival kat p r kattint ssal el ri.
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TY - CHAP. T1 - Pharmacogenomics of amphetamine and related drugs. AU - Kazmierczak, Steven (Steve). PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Illicit psychostimulant drugs such as amphetamines and derivatives represent a highly addictive class of compounds. Included in this group are L-amphetamine, ephedrine, methamphetamine, methylphenidate and pemoline, the latter used previously to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. An additional compound also frequently included in this group is cathinone which is the active ingredient found in the leaves of the Khat shrub (Catha edulis) found primarily in East Africa and southern Arabia. Cathinone is easily extracted from fresh leaves of the Khat shrub upon chewing or following brewing and produces effects that are similar to that of amphetamine.. AB - Illicit psychostimulant drugs such as amphetamines and derivatives represent a highly addictive class of compounds. Included in this group are L-amphetamine, ephedrine, methamphetamine, ...
Identification of different HPV subtypes in unidentified communities provides sufficient information for screening and monitoring potential impact of a vaccination program. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen for the presence of HPVs subtypes 31,33,35,39 and 45 among Yemeni women with Cervical Cancer. A total of 200 (150 malignant and 50 benign) tissue samples were obtained from Yemeni women with cervical cancer, were investigated for the presence of HPV subtypes 31,33,35,39 and 45 by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Of the 150 cervical cancer tissue specimens, HPV 31, HPV 33, HPV35, HPV 39 and HPV45 were identified in 10/150 (6.7 %), 6/150 (4 %), 6/150 (4 %), 5/150 (3.3 %) and 10/150 (6.7 %), respectively. The frequency of these HPV subtypes among Yemeni women with cervical cancer was 24 %. Conclusion: HPV 31, HPV 33, HPV35, HPV 39 and HPV45 were prevalent among Yemeni women with cervical cancer.
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After he attended the official power handover ceremony, former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh will leave Yemen soon, according to media outlets, citing official sources the Presidential Palace.. Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadis, the new Yemeni President, office has confirmed that Saleh is going to leave Yemen soon, however they refused to reveal his destination, CNN reported.. Saleh is still studying his options and has yet to make up his mind as to which country he would choose for exile, the unidentified source at the Presidential Palace said.. One of his top aids refused to comment on the matter in a phone call with Yemen Post, asking us to go and ask the new Presidents office for information.. On Tuesday, Salehs top aids and cronies in the General People Congress emphatically dismissed media reports that Slaeh would live in exile as baseless, emphasizing that he would stay in Yemen and assume the leadership of the former ruling party GPC.. Saleh is reportedly under mounting pressures from the ...
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is an autosomal recessive illness caused by the formation of abnormal hemoglobin S. Sickle cell disease has many complications such as vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC), gallstones, stroke, acute chest syndrome (ACS), and others. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology and characteristics of sickle cell patients admitted to hospitals in Jazan region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in four hospitals in Jazan region including King Fahad Central Hospital, Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Hospital, Sabya, and Abu-Arish General Hospital to estimate the prevalence of admitted sickle cell patients and their characteristics. All patients admitted to medicine and pediatric wards from July 15, 2018, to August 15, 2018, were included in the study. Data were collected by interview. RESULTS: Four hundred and two of 446 patients have agreed to participate with a response rate of 90%. Ninety-one (22.6%) were SCA patients, among them, 45 ...
As Yemen becomes the new front in the war on terror, its leaders want this to be clear: It does not intend to become another Iraq or Afghanistan with thousands of US troops on the ground. Yemeni Foreign Minister Abu Bakr al-Qirbi drew some red lines on Wednesday in its burgeoning alliance with Washington against al-Qaeda, saying that Yemen welcomes US and foreign troops for training, intelligence and logistical support.
As a nascent democracy, Yemen still lacks the culture of understanding and respect necessary for a stable transfer of power, writes Ibad Mohammad al-Anassi. That said, he argues that the Yemeni Parliaments vote to grant former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his inner circle legal immunity is a step towards fostering a culture of democracy.
Ahmed Al Moaiad, a London-based Yemeni activist, managed to survive the ongoing war. But his family members weren’t so lucky.
June 8 - Protesters expand their camp in the Yemeni capital bringing it closer to the acting leaders residence. Simon Hanna reports.}
A Japanese diplomat was wounded when armed men tried to kidnap him in the Yemeni capital of Sanaa on Sunday morning, three Interior Ministry officials said.
A 12-year-old Yemeni bride died of internal bleeding following intercourse three days after she was married off to an older man, the United Nations Childrens Fund said.
Unmet need for family planning in Oromia region was very high (28.9%) compared to other regions in Ethiopia. To address problems associated with unmet need for family planning locally available evidences are essential, however, there were no clear evidences on unmet need for family planning in Tiro Afeta district. This study aims to assess the magnitude and associated factors of unmet need for family planning among currently married women in Tiro Afeta district, South West Ethiopia, 2017. Community based cross sectional study was conducted in April, 2017. A total of 348 currently married women of reproductive age were enrolled from eight villages selected by simple random sampling and using proportional to size allocation. Data were entered using EpiData 3.1 and analyzed by SPSS version 22. Adjusted odds ratios at 95% confidence interval with p-value of | 0.05 were considered as significant variables. Unmet need for family planning among currently married women in Tiro Afeta was 26.1%. Factors
And after all the US blood and money spent, who actually won in Iraq?!?. Folks, read em and weep; it is China and Russia; NOT the USA.. Iraq, China launch oil for reconstruction agreement. Americas Failed Strategy in the Middle East: Losing Iraq and the Gulf. This article goes on to state: More broadly, the United States has steadily lost the confidence of its Arab strategic partners in the Gulf region. The United States ignored their advice during the invasion in 2003 - making Iran the dominant military power in the northern Gulf while also turning Iraq into a constant source of unstable weaknesses and concern. Beginning with President Obama, the United States has bullied its allies over burden sharing even when they were spending some 10% of their GDP on military forces - raising growing questions about U.S. willingness to main its military role in the Gulf and support the security of its allies. The United States has instead sanctioned and provoked Iran - without effectively deterring it ...
Substance use has a terrible impact on health, behavior and countrys economy because the number of people particularly the youngsters being involved in this practice is increasing rapidly. However, the prevalence, determinants and consequence of substance use in the study area has been overlooked. A descriptive quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among 254 health science students of Haramaya University. The respondents were selected randomly after double stratification based on their department and batch respectively. A pre-tested self-administrable anonymous questionnaire was used. The collected data were entered into epidata version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23. Descriptive statistical analysis was done to examine findings. Besides, chi-square (X2) test was considered to examine the nonparametric association of factors with ever substance use. Prevalence of ever substance use for at least one substance was found to be 114(45.4%). Ever khat chewers take the highest percentage [107
The long struggle against Al Qaeda since the 9/11 attacks has taken many twists and turns. Now it has even led to the forced evacuation of an entire city of 80,000 people - in Yemen, the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden.. The evacuation took place last week when the Yemeni military laid siege to the southern city of Loder in order to flush out a group called Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), which may have 300 to 500 fighters.. The battle, which left dozens killed on both sides, is the latest escalation of a joint effort by the Obama administration and the Yemeni government to rid the country of this dangerous affiliate of Mr. bin Ladens core group in Pakistan.. Webmasters Commentary: Translation: the US public is being softened up for yet another escalating military misadventure, this time in Yemen.. It is very convenient to lump all fighters of despotic regimes (like that of Yemen) under the classification of Al Qaeda. However, thinking people really have to wonder if Al Qaeda ...
TEHRAN, Apr. 14 (MNA) - Yemens Deputy Minister of Education said that the Saudi-led coalition has destroyed over 3000 schools in the country in the past years.
MSF is in Yemen to support the Yemeni populations affected by the conflict on all sides of the frontlines. We work in 13 hospitals and health centres and provide support to more than 20 hospitals or health centres across 11 Yemeni governorates: Taiz, Aden, Ad Dhale, Saada, Amran, Hajjah, Ibb, Sanaa, Abyan, Shabwa and Lahj.
SANAA, Yemen-Two U.N. staff members who were abducted in Yemen on Tuesday have been freed, authorities said. The Italian Foreign Ministry in Rome confirmed that an Italian citizen working for the United Nations Development Program had been released but provided no details. The U.N. confirmed in a statement that two of its staff members were abducted and later released in the capital of Sanaa. The statement provided no further details but thanked efforts made by the Yemeni authorities in obtaining their release. The Yemeni Defense ministry said in a statement that troops freed the Italian from his kidnappers in northeastern Marib province. He had been taken there after being abducted in a main street in Sanaa. Marib is about 160 kilometers (100 miles) from Sanaa. The statement said troops engaged with the kidnappers and were tracking them. It was not clear if there were any casualties. The interior ministry said in a separate statement that it had worked with the military in a joint force to ...
At least nine Al-Qaeda operatives were killed including most dangerous leaders from AQAP and its offshoot Ansar Al-Sharia in a Yemeni raid early on Thursday.. The state-run September 26 website quoted a military source in Abyan province as saying the militants were targeted in the Jabalain area.. They were surrounded and raided by the 119 infantry brigade and the pro-government popular committees as Al-Qaeda continued to receive devastating blows, the source said.. Nadir Haider Nasser Al-Shadadi, one of the most wanted leaders of Al-Qaeda, was among those killed, the source continued.. This month, Yemen sentenced several terrorist suspects to death and to years in prison after convicting them of joining Al-Qaeda and forming armed groups that attacked military and security chiefs, offices and public properties.. Earlier this year, the Yemeni army launched a US-backed offensive and drove Al-Qaeda militants out of their strongholds in Abyan and Shabwa provinces. Hundreds of militants including ...
War in Yemen: In a Devastated Country, One City Is Thriving The city of Marib in Yemen was long seen as an al-Qaida stronghold. But as the rest of the war-ravaged country descends ever deeper into chaos, it has become an unofficial capital with booming businesses and a popular university, a place poised between horror and hope. DER SPIEGEL, By Christoph Reuter. This article originally appeared in German in issue 47/2017 November 18th, 2017. Cholera? No, cholera isnt the worst problem here, says the hospital director. The fatal epidemic spreading across Yemen in the last eight months, which has infected around 800,000 people and claimed over 2,000 lives, is only the third or fourth most common cause of death here in Marib, says Dr. Mohammed al-Qubati. Most deaths are caused by landmines.. Maribs desert valley, located 172 kilometers (107 miles) east of the capital Sanaa, served for months as the frontline of some of the civil wars fiercest fighting. Starting in 2015, the attacking Houthi ...
Newsgroups: alt.drugs.chemistry The synthesies for cathinone and its derivates wich were presented in these newsgroups, only uses (nor)ephedrine (I havent read another one). But cathinone (and its N-derivates) were prepaired long before cathinone was known as a natural product. Because of the cathinones chemical instability (and the plants, wich were extracted, werent fresh. The cathinone gave by the extaction for basic substances dimeric products, f.e. 2,5-dimethyl-3,6-diphenyl-pyrazine) it was discoverd in the second half of this century. But cathinone was prepared completely synthetic by the german chemist Schmidt 1889 (synthesis: Chemische Berichte 22 (1889),3250-3253) and nobody has discriped these way. Methcathinone con be made in the same manner. Preperation: The outgoing stuff is propiophenone. This can be bought in a standard chemical-store. It can be made by Friedel-Crafts-Acylation from benzene with propionic-acid-chloride or propione-acid-anhydride. To make standard-(unsubstituted) ...
At least 25 people were shot dead and hundreds wounded after anti-government protesters attempted to charge police lines in Yemens capital Sanaa on Sunday, in the latest escalation of demonstrations against President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Some time I wonder why do I bother? Why do I bother pay top money to dine in Michelin Rosetted restaurants to eat assembled and asepticized food...
I think we have to realize that we can push as much money and training as we need to, to try to help the Yemeni government combat them al Qaeda on the Peninsula. But the reality is, unless President Saleh allows these forces to develop, get trained, and be equipped to go into the country to be able to take on some of the tribal regions that are giving free rein to al Qaeda, that were not going to be able to be effective, and whats going to happen is, we will end up in the same awkward position we were in 2002, where well be conducting unilateral operations in order to safeguard our national interest. And well do it with or without the Yemenis government cooperation. But it would be much better if we could do it with them ...
Mammography Debate - When to Start Screening - At what age is it recommended for a woman to start routine mammograms: A. 40 years old B. 50 years old C. Neither A or B D. Both A and B. Until last year, t... ...
Iranian-aligned Houthi forces have agreed to draw back from two Yemeni ports on Monday while withdrawal from the main Hodeidah port will occur later alongside a retreat by coalition-backed forces massed outside the city, U.N. and Yemeni sources said. Houthi forces will withdraw 5 km ... ...
At his capture, U.S. intelligence estimate said, Shawqi Awad Balzuhair was probably trying to go home not on a terrorist operation. The latest decision means that 28 of the 76 captives at Guantánamo are cleared for release.
Mona Mustafa AbuSeree, Effect of Regular Physical Activity on Type 2 Diabetic Patients at Diabetic Center, KFCH, Jazan, KSA تأثير الممارسة المنتظمة للرياضة على مرضى السكري من النوع الثاني بمركز السكري, مستشفى الملك فهد المركزي بمنطقة جازان (المملكة العربية الس, مؤتمر الدولي الثاني بالمملكة العربية السعودية, 2009 More ...
The next round of peace talks between Yemens government and Iran-backed Houthis rebels scheduled for next week have been postponed, Foreign Minister Abdel Malak al-Mekhlafi said on Saturday.. The negotiations will not take place on the announced date of 14 January, Mekhlafi said on the phone from Cairo.. They will be postponed until 20 January or 23 because the Houthis rejected the date of 14 January.. He said UN envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed would travel to the capital Sanaa on Sunday to convince the Houthis to participate in the negotiations on the new dates.. The envoy also seeks confidence-building measures from the Houthis, including the lifting of their siege of Taiz and allowing aid into the southwestern city, he added.. The next round of peace talks would be held in Geneva, said the Yemeni minister.. Yemens government sat down with the rebels and their allies in Switzerland last month for six days of talks that ended with no major breakthrough. A halt to the violence is sorely ...
Most Americans are probably unaware that over the past two weeks the US has launched at least eight drone attacks in Yemen, in which dozens have been killed. It is the largest US escalation of attacks on Yemen in more than a decade. The US claims that everyone killed was a suspected militant, but Yemeni citizens have for a long time been outraged over the number of civilians killed in such strikes. The media has reported that of all those killed in these recent US strikes, only one of the dead was on the terrorist most wanted list ...
MSF has been providing emergency care to war-wounded since fighting resumed recently in Saada Province, in northwestern Yemen. Four weeks ago renewed fighting began between the Yemeni army and the Al Houthi rebels in Saada Province. Violent clashes have been frequent, mostly around Saada City, along the Saada-Baqim road, and farther west around Haydan and Malaheed.
Yemeni troops and a U.S. drone struck positions held by Al-Qaeda suspects and Sunni tribes on Sunday killing over a dozen insurgents who have been battling
Sanaa is the capital of Yemen, located in the Yemeni Mountains and generally the first destination for travellers to that country.
Yemen-based terrorist group that supports al-Qaedas goals; seeks to overthrow the Yemeni government and eliminate United States interests; responsible for bombings and kidnappings and killing western tourists in Yemen. ...
Photos & Videos for Kat Von D The Kat Eye. A limited-edition duo for creating the fiercest of eye looks while on the go, featuring mini sizes of Immortal Lash 24HR Mascara and the coveted, waterproof Tattoo Liner. Master the infamous cat ey...
Yaşar Yakış 16-17 Aralık 2013 tarihlerinde Hindistanın Pune kentindeki Symbiosis Üniversitesinde düzenlenen India and Development Partnership in Asia and Africa: A New Paradigm başlıklı bir konferansa katılmış ve konferansın Milenyum Kalkınma Hedefleri: 2015 Sonrası başlıklı oturumda panelist olarak bir konuşma yapmştır.. Toplantıya Hindistanın Cumhurbaşkan yardımcısı ve Afganistan Cumhurbaşkanı Hamit Karzai de katılmıştır ...
FiSL-aiKcenС ССвСРРРС1cl irecuРРР1Р. Occurring exclusively in patients with renal tamoxifen mellГ©khatГЎsa, the first case series was published in 2000 115. B. Tamoxifen mellГ©khatГЎsa the rigid transform this is not the case, but a solution is nevertheless possible.
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This page is devoted to the particular event named above. You may use the navigation bar below to see what happend on Thursday 19th of January 2012 in the other countries of the world or to visit the page where the world news related to Yemen are gathered.. ...
Petition via Avaaz A child in Yemen dies every ten minutes. But Yemens kids arent just starving to death: they are being starved. Deliberately. And our government is one of the biggest suppliers of arms to the coalition doing it. For two years, British-made bombs have been falling from British-made planes as part of a…
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Try not to act too surprised, but Kat Von D learned that ex-fiance Jesse James cheated on her with at least 19 different women over the last year. She posted
Nafsu nak bershopping tu sebenarnya x dela sgt... tambahan en shahir plak JB hari ni sampai esok... tujuan utamanya nak cari Mamy poko jer... sbb seigt igt saya.. mmg murah.. pernah pergi sekali J-card day dulu... dan dulu pon saya gi lepas maghrib... mamy poko masih byk... brg2 sale seperti diatas dia x kan letak kat tpt biasa... diorang akan longgokkan kat entrance dan kita hanya beratur dan terus byr kat kaunter special kat situ... so saya plan gitu ajerla...dah amik mamy poko..kita balik ler... tp kalau nak nyinggah2 sat tempat lain pon apa salahnyer~~~ hehehe ...
Umrechnung Alkoholdehydrogenasen (ADH) in nkat/l, µkat/l, nmol/(s•L), µmol/(s•L), U/L, IU/L, µmol/(min•L), µmol/(h•L), µmol/(h•mL) Einheitenumrechner von konventionellen Einheiten in SI-Einheiten
haa. tu la list barang ak beli. makan tak kira lagi. sampai2 je kat CS tu terus melantak mekdi. kami pegi 5 org sume. ak, ecah, wawa, k.jannah & nisah. haha. nisah dah buat kitorang glemer jap kat mekdi tu. boleh dia sendawa KOATT GILA ! tu baru sendawa. sekali dia gelak. NYARINGNYA !!! semua pakwe makwe kat situ tgk meja kitorang. kitorang melantak gelak punya kuat kat situ..hahaha..gila lah wei !! : ...
Catha edulis. Khat is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.[121][122] ...
"Growing Catha edulis". Plot55. Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. "Catha edulis". ... The genus name Catha is a Latinization of the Arabic name. Khat is a slow-growing shrub or tree that typically attains a height ... In South Africa, Catha edulis is a protected tree. The use of khat is illegal. Miraa is legal in Uganda but efforts are ... Catha edulis plant) and thus possession is prohibited. In the areas of Netherlands, the active ingredients of khat, cathine and ...
Catha edulis (Vahl.) Forsk. ex Endl. Catha transvaalensis Codd Pterocelastrus echinatus N.E. Br. Pterocelastrus rostratus ( ...
Eunice L. Catha; Morma Lambert (December 1980). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Green Shutters". ...
Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. [Internet] Fiche de PROTA4U. Oyen, L.P.A. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (Editeurs). PROTA (Plant ... They have also been recorded on Catha edulis (Celastraceae). Life history "GlobIZ search". Global Information System on ...
Ragnaill catha Briain m. Murchada m. Domnaill m. Taidg m. Muircertaigh muirnigh m. Ainlidh o fuilet I Ainlidhe m. Uthaile m. ... m Raghnaill catha briain m Murchada m Domnaill m Taidhg m Muircertaigh muirnigh m Ainlighe (o raiter muinter Ainlighe) m ...
... and badb-catha as "Fionog, a royston-crow, a squall crow". Other entries relate to her triple nature: "Macha, i. e. a royston- ... crow; Morrighain, i. e. the great fairy; Neamhan, i. e. Badb catha nó feannóg; a badb catha, or royston-crow." Boa Island ... and is thus sometimes known as Badb Catha ("battle crow"). She is known to cause fear and confusion among soldiers to move the ...
Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. [Internet] Fiche de PROTA4U. Oyen, L.P.A. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (Editeurs). PROTA (Plant ... In Ethiopia the larvae of this species has been recorded as feeding on leaves of Catha edulis (Celastraceae). Aphilopota ...
Catha, Badhbh (12 May 2014). "Noel Crompton/Maddison Hall (Australia)". "Sex Swap Murderer Granted Leave to Sue Prison". ...
Fotha Catha Cnucha, Hennessy (1875), p. 92, note 7: "Almu. hill of Allen, near Newbridge in the country of Kildare". Tadg mac ... "Fotha Catha Cnucha inso" , tr. "The Cause of the Battle of Cnucha here"). archived via Internet Archive. Dooley & Roe (1999), ... 1875), Fotha Catha Cnucha in so, 2, pp. 86-93, Wórterbuch, p. 127: "Cenandos", now Kells. Rolleston, T. W. (1911). "Chapter VI ... Fotha Catha Cnucha, Hennessy (1875), pp. 91-92 and verse. Acallamh na Sénorach, O'Grady (1892b) tr. p. 142; Dooley & Roe (1999 ...
"Rosc Catha na nÓglach", T. F. O'Rahilly's translation, was used by Conradh na Gaeilge in the early 1920s; in 1924, Padraig de ... Fahey 2017 "Irish translation of "The soldiers' song.": Rosc catha na nÓglaoc [sic]". Catalogue. Dublin: Trinity College ...
indigenous Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. indigenous Catha transvaalensis Codd, accepted as Lydenburgia cassinoides N. ... present Genus Catha: Catha abbottii A.E.van Wyk & M.Prins, accepted as Lydenburgia abbottii (A.E.van Wyk & M.Prins) Steenkamp, ... A.E.van Wyk & M.Prins, present Catha campestris (Eckl. & Zeyh.) C.Presl, accepted as Putterlickia pyracantha (L.) Szyszyl. ...
"Fotha Catha Cnucha inso" , tr. "The Cause of the Battle of Cnucha here"). archived via Internet Archive Windisch, Ernst, ed. ( ... In-laws In Fotha Catha Chnucha Cumhall's wife was the granddaughter to Nuadat who was a druid to king Cathair Mór, but she was ... Hennessy (1875), Fotha Catha Chnucha, pp. 88-89 and notes. Dooley & Roe (1999), p. 184. Windisch (1879), p. 142: mun-caim 'die ... The most important text the regarding the family of Finn (son of Cumaill) is Fotha Catha Chnucha ("The Cause of the Battle of ...
Her housemates call her 'Catha'. She hasn't had a special friendship with anyone. Sometimes she has been giving good advice to ...
Of the battle tales (Irish: catha; sing. cath), the full narratives of the First and Second Battle of Moytura (Battles of Mag ...
Al Zarouni, Yousif (2015). The Effects of Khat (Catha Edulis) (First ed.). London: Yousif Al Zarouni. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-326- ... "Indole Alkaloids from Trachelospermum jasminoides". Al Zarouni, Yousif (2015). The Effects of Khat (Catha Edulis). London: ...
... and Catha, whose religious sphere is uncertain. Ruling over them were higher deities that seem to reflect the Indo-European ...
... validus parasitises Catha, Maytenus and Scolopia. The major threat is habitat conversion for timber and agriculture. Both the ...
In particular, there is a possible equation with another indigenous Etruscan goddess, Catha, which is often interpreted as ... Los Angeles: Getty Publications de Grummond, Nancy Thomson (2008). "Moon Over Pyrgi: Catha, an Etruscan Lunar Goddess". ...
Orengo CA; Michie AD; Jones S; Jones DT; Swindells MB; Thornton JM (1997). "CATH-a hierarchic classification of protein domain ...
"CATH - a hierarchic classification of protein domain structures". Structure. 5 (8): 1093-1109. doi:10.1016/S0969-2126(97)00260- ...
Orengo, CA; Michie, AD; Jones, S; Jones, DT; Swindells, MB; Thornton, JM (1997). "CATH - a hierarchic classification of protein ...
She begins to build her Saxon army, and uses her men to help her hunt down Alator of the Catha, who knows Emrys' true identity ... She hires Alator of the Catha and orders him to kidnap Gaius who is forced to tell Alator that Merlin is Emrys. Alator realises ... Alator also known as Alator of the Catha. (portrayed by Gary Lewis) was an enigmatic, magical warrior and priest who briefly ... his part in Morgause's demise and only reluctantly giving up the healing bracelet Morgause had given her to Alator of the Catha ...
PMID 7849601.[permanent dead link] Orengo CA; Michie AD; Jones S; Jones DT; Swindells MB; Thornton JM (1997). "CATH--a ...
Orengo, C. A.; Michie, A. D.; Jones, S.; Jones, D. T.; Swindells, M. B.; Thornton, J. M. (1997). "CATH--a hierarchic ...
Cathine and cathinone are NRAs found naturally in Catha edulis. Ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are also found naturally in ...
Also known as Cairbre na Catha (Carbury of the Battles). It existed from at least the 6th century to the 16th century AD. As a ...
... was additionally associated with a purely Etruscan goddess named Catha. Fufluns shares many myths with Dionysus, ...
"Féasta iontach rugbaí romhainn arís agus na cúigí réidh chun catha". "Thomond Park Developments". Munster Rugby. 21 June 2007. ...
Fotha Catha Cnucha (Lebor na hUidre) Poem "Finn and the Phantoms" Poem on the birth of Oisín (two quatrains in LL) Notes on ... The Fotha Catha Chnucha also quotes from another poem, Goll mac Dare Derg co mblaid. Another version of the onomastics of Almu ... The Finn's father Cumhal is discussed as the leader of the Fianna in Fotha Catha Cnucha ("Cause of the Battle of Cnucha"), his ... 1875), "Battle of Cnucha", Revue Celtique, 2: 86-93 "Fotha Catha Chnucha", Mackillop (1998) ed., Oxford Dictionary of Celtic ...
Catha may refer to: the plant genus Catha (plant) the Etruscan goddess Catha (mythology) This disambiguation page lists ... articles associated with the title Catha. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly ...
Catha edulis Forsk leaves [‎khat]‎ are chewed daily by a high proportion of the adult population in Yemen for the mild ... Hassan, N.A.G.M., Gunaid, A.A. & Murray Lyon, I.M. (‎2007)‎. Khat [‎Catha edulis]‎: health aspects of khat chewing. http://www. ...
8. Catha Forsskål ex Scopoli, Intr. Hist. Nat. 228. 1777. 巧茶属 qiao cha shu Authors: Jin-shuang Ma & Michele Funston Shrubs, ...
Evaluation of the In Vitro Efficacy of Artemisia annua, Rumex abyssinicus, and Catha edulis Forsk Extracts in Cancer and ... N. N. Al-Hebshi and N. Skaug, "Khat (Catha edulis)-an updated review," Addiction Biology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 299-307, 2005. ... E. Dimba, B. T. Gjertsen, G. W. Francis, A. C. Johannessen, and O. K. Vintermyr, "Catha edulis (Khat) induces cell death by ... T. Bredholt, E. A. Dimba, H. R. Hagland et al., "Camptothecin and khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) induced distinct cell death ...
One of the psychostimulant plants widely consumed in Ethiopia and other East African countries is Catha edulis Forsk (khat). ... Rewarding Effect of Catha edulis (Khat) and the Sex Differences to the Responses in Swiss Albino Mice Abebaye Aragaw Limenie,1 ... One of the psychostimulant plants widely consumed in Ethiopia and other East African countries is Catha edulis Forsk (khat). ... Rewarding Effect of Catha edulis (Khat) and the Sex Differences to the Responses in Swiss Albino Mice ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute and sub-acute exposure to crude khat ( Catha edulis F. ) extract on ... The effect of acute and sub-acute exposure to crude khat (Catha edulis F.) extract on learning and memory in rodents. 3rd ... Khat ( Catha edulis F. ) is a dense evergreen shrub belonging to the family Celastracea. Although comparative studies of ...
Teratogenic effects of Khat (Catha edulis) in New Zealand rabbit. Aref Saleh Abdul-Mughni; Sanaa Mokhtar El-Nahla; Said Ahmed ... Catha edulis).. Materials and methods: The current work was carried out with apparently healthy adult New Zealand rabbits (n=27 ...
Catha Cross-Sectional Studies Ethiopia Female Health Surveys Humans Hypertension Male Middle Aged Odds Ratio Original Research ... Introduction : Khat (Catha edulis) is widely used in East Africa and the Middle East, often in combination with tobacco smoking ... Association of Smoking and Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) Use With High Blood Pressure Among Adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006 ... We determined the prevalence of cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and khat (Catha edulis Forsk) chewing. We measured blood ...
Catha edulis. Khat is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.[121][122] ...
Catha Edulis: Composition, Therapeutic use, Treatment. Catha Edulis effects. Reactions with other drugs. * Catha Edulis: ... Catha Edulis: Ingestion methods. Last modified: Thursday, 25. December 2008 - 9:37 am. ... Benzodiazepine Benzylpiperazine Bromocriptine Bupivacaine Buprenorphine Bupropion Caffeine Calcium Cannabis Carbamazepine Catha ...
Khat or miraa (Catha edulis Forsk (Celastraceae) chewing is known to be a widespread habit in among selected communities in ... Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Prevalence among Catha edulis forsk (Miraa) Users in Meru Region, Kenya. ... edulis use were more observed among women engaged in Catha edulis business than men though not significant (p=1.468). Lack of ...
Catha Edulis: Composition, Therapeutic use, Treatment. Catha Edulis effects. Reactions with other drugs. * Catha Edulis: ... Catha Edulis: In the news. Last modified: Thursday, 25. December 2008 - 9:45 am. ... Benzodiazepine Benzylpiperazine Bromocriptine Bupivacaine Buprenorphine Bupropion Caffeine Calcium Cannabis Carbamazepine Catha ...
Catha laughs but she is not playing by any means. She is fierce and... ... Catha the Pixie is a Hero in Kingdom Rush: Origins. Shes unlocked at Gryphon Point on Steam and Rockhenge on Mobile. She ...
Citation: ( 1961).Catha edulis forskal, etude preliminaire, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern ... Catha edulis forskal, etude preliminaire. 1961 , Alexandria, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern ...
Catha. 5.0 out of 5 stars Great racket Reviewed in Canada on November 1, 2019. Color: PurpleVerified Purchase ...
The use of khat (Catha edulis) in Yemen. Social and medical observations. Ann Intern Med 1976; 85: 246-249. PMID: 942147. ... The status of periodontal health and oral hygiene of miraa (Catha edulis) chewers. East Afr Med J 1990; 67: 585-590. PMID: ... Associations between khat (Catha edulis) chewing and different adverse oral-dental health conditions have been reported, yet ... 2. Astatkie A, Demissie M, Berhane Y. The association of khat (Catha edulis) chewing and orodental health: a systematic review ...
Khat (Catha edulis)-induced apoptosis is inhibited by antagonists of caspase-1 and -8 in human leukaemia cells *E A O Dimba ... Rights & permissionsfor article Khat ,i,(Catha edulis),/i,-induced apoptosis is inhibited by antagonists of caspase-1 and -8 in ...
The effects of Catha edulis, a CNS stimulant, on humans and animals have been studied on various aspects like anorectic effect ... Catha edulis deteriorates spatial working memory in rats, but spares reference memory. Indian Journal of Physiology and ... Catha edulis deteriorates spatial working memory in rats, but spares reference memory. ...
Catha edulis). This item of trade, which is managed by a government-sanctioned private syndicate, constitutes a sizable part of ...
Catha edulis. cathinone. Southern Arabia and northeastern Africa only. coffee. Coffea arabica. caffeine. Ethiopia, then Yemen. ... That position belongs to khat (or qat), the leaf of Catha edulis. Khat is used in Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and a large area of East ...
Neu1-CathA KD). hypomorphic cathepsin A mice with the secondary ~90% reduction of the Neu1 activity ... CathA KI). normal Neu1 sialidase bound to inactive cathepsin A Ser190Ala mutant ... Neu1-CathA, Neu4 KO mice; K.G., S.B., R.B. and A.V.P. helped with experiments and writing the paper; M.R.S. supervised the ...
New Globe: Life in Shakespeares London [Paperback] [Apr 07, 2016] Arnold, Catha. £5.16 ...
Catha edulis (Khat).. Humulus lupulus (Hops).. Hypericum perforatum (St. Johns Wort).. Lactuca virosa (Wild Lettuce). ...
Stephen Croockett Catha. Movable factory for simultaneous mobile field manufacturing and installation of non-metallic pipe. ...
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CATHA). Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CATHA). ...
Eunice L. Catha; Morma Lambert (December 1980). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Green Shutters". ...
Catha-l McNaughton/Reuters. People have their wedding pictures taken at the Papal Cross in Phoenix Park in Dublin, Ireland, on ...
Catha edulis),/i, chewing showed a significant role (,i,p,/i, , 0.001) in provoking of IDA, whereas consumption of coffee and ... Infrequent consumption of vegetables/fruits; meat, fish, chicken; tea drinking; low household income; smoking and khat (Catha ... N. Wabe and M. Mohammed, "What science says about khat (Catha edulis Forsk)? Overview of chemistry, toxicology and pharmacology ... Catha edulis) chewing, and smoking habit defined as yes or no. Moreover, participants medical history included blood disorders ...
  • Catha edulis Forsk leaves [‎khat]‎ are chewed daily by a high proportion of the adult population in Yemen for the mild stimulant effect. (who.int)
  • One of the psychostimulant plants widely consumed in Ethiopia and other East African countries is Catha edulis Forsk (khat). (dovepress.com)
  • Khat or miraa (Catha edulis Forsk (Celastraceae) chewing is known to be a widespread habit in among selected communities in Kenya. (ac.ke)
  • Catha edulis Forsk. (who.int)
  • Camptothecin and khat (Catha edulis Forsk. (uib.no)
  • Background: An organic extract of the recreational herb khat (Catha edulis Forsk. (uib.no)
  • Catha edulis Forsk leaves ( Khat ) is a flowering plant . (bvsalud.org)
  • F resh leaves of the khat tree (Catha edulis Forsk. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) is a psychostimulant herb widely cultivated and used in Ethiopia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What science says about khat (Catha edulis Forsk)? (scopemed.org)
  • It is a stimulant made up of fresh leaves of the Catha edulis shrub found in East Africa and southern Arabia. (drugfree.org)
  • Khat or Catha edulis is an indigenous plant in Yemen, Ethiopia and East Africa, which has sympathomimetic and euphoriant effects. (scirp.org)
  • Khat ( Catha edulis F. ) is a dense evergreen shrub belonging to the family Celastracea. (omicsonline.org)
  • Catha may refer to: the plant genus Catha (plant) the Etruscan goddess Catha (mythology) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Catha. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Catha Forssk. (usda.gov)
  • Relative distribution of cathinone and D-norpseudoephedrine in Catha edulis (Miraa) growing in Kenya. (ac.ke)
  • Cathinone, a potent psychostimulant isolated from young shoots of Catha edulis was given to four human volunteers. (ac.ke)
  • The plant ( Catha edulis ) contains two alkaloids, cathinone and cathine, which act as stimulants . (livescience.com)
  • Objective: The present study was carried out to evaluate morphometric and histopathological abnormalities during organogenesis in liver, kidney, brain, spinal cord, heart, Lung, digestive tract and spleen in rabbit feti in response to oral administration of Khat prepared from leaves of khat tree (Catha edulis). (scopemed.org)
  • : 4-5 [8] In the African Great Lakes region , where Catha edulis is in some areas cultivated, it is known as miraa , muhulo and muirungi . (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of Catha edulis, a CNS stimulant, on humans and animals have been studied on various aspects like anorectic effect, self-administration, stereotyped behavior, aggressive behavior, operant task, locomotor sensitization, psychosis etc., but how C.edulis influence spatial learning and memory in rats is not clear. (who.int)
  • Background: Khat is a natural stimulant from the Catha edulis plant containing several chemical components, which can explain palpitation as a frequent symptom that develops during or after khat chewing. (scirp.org)
  • Chewing leaves from the khat plant ( Catha Edulis ) in Eastern Africa and in the south west of the Arabian Peninsula is a tradition dating back hundreds of years. (frontiersin.org)
  • Associations between khat ( Catha edulis ) chewing and different adverse oral-dental health conditions have been reported, yet evidence is still lacking. (e-epih.org)
  • Studies ranging from case-reports to controlled experiments investigating the association between khat ( Catha edulis ) chewing and oral and dental health have been performed. (e-epih.org)
  • Determinants of CD4 Counts Among HIV-Negative Ethiopians: Role of Body Mass Index, Gender, Cigarette Smoking, Khat (Catha Edulis) Chewing, and Possibly Altitude? (ox.ac.uk)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Catha edulis deteriorates spatial working memory in rats, but spares reference memory. (who.int)
  • Catha edulus ) found on the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. (matadornetwork.com)
  • Botanists call it Catha edulis , people chew it and it's a mighty popular social lubricant for millions from the African continent. (abc.net.au)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute and sub-acute exposure to crude khat ( Catha edulis F. ) extract on learning and memory in rodents. (omicsonline.org)
  • World Health Organization, "African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)," World Health Organization Fact Sheet, 2006, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs259/en/ . (hindawi.com)
  • También se observaron alteraciones en el desarrollo normal del tubo neural , vesículas cerebrales indiferenciadas y el cierre incompleto de las flexiones cerebrales en estos embriones . (bvsalud.org)
  • Khat indujo efectos embriotóxicos y afectó severamente el desarrollo embrionario normal temprano en la rata . (bvsalud.org)
  • Catha edulis (Vahl) Endl. (theplantlist.org)
  • Sold as "bath salts" or "plant food" to evade drug laws, these products are actually synthetic versions of cathinone, a naturally occurring amphetamine that comes from the leaves of the Catha edulis plant. (scripps.org)
  • Khat is a stimulant agent naturally occurring in the leaves of the plant Catha edulis. (nursenacole.com)
  • To the rest of the Academy we were Second Year students, or "Seconds" in rank, but there was little doubt that our class would continue to be known by the name we had given ourselves, Badb Catha. (auroris.net)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Catha (family Celastraceae ). (theplantlist.org)