Area Health Education Centers: Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Libraries: Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)Organization and Administration: The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Small-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).BaltimorePublic Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.MissouriAttitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.LondonHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)EnglandOral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.SwedenHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Hospitals, District: Government-controlled hospitals which represent the major health facility for a designated geographic area.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.TennesseeUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Great BritainInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Hydrology: Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.NorwayAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The area surrounding Warragamba River is managed by Sydney Catchment Authority under the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act ... "Lake Burragorang subcatchment". Hawkesbury Nepean River Health Strategy. Hawkesbury Nepean Catchment Management Authority. 2008 ... "Catchments: Access in Special Areas". Sydney Catchment Authority. Government of New South Wales. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 3 ... The Warragamba River, a river that is part of the Hawkesbury-Nepean catchment, is located in the Macarthur region of New South ...
It formed part of the HSE mental health services of Dublin North East. Its catchment area is North West Dublin. Since the ... Health Service Executive, Mental Health Services in Dublin North West in Health Service Executive (HSE) website (Accessed 14.02 ... Thereafter it was renamed the Richmond District Lunatic Asylum and its catchment area was defined as the city and county of ... Inspector of Mental Health Services, Report of the Inspector of Mental Health Services 2008: St. Brendan's (Dublin, 2009), p. 2 ...
In early 2003, large areas of forest around the Bundara River and its catchments were severely impacted by the massive Eastern ... The Bundara River is part of the North East Catchment Management Authority's Victorian River Health Program, aimed at achieving ... Extensive forest covers much of the catchment area. Despite some land clearing and livestock damage to river banks, the aquatic ... The damage resulting from the fires impacted river health for some time after the fires. Victoria portal List of rivers of ...
PAH's catchment area is White Rock and South Surrey. In 2009, then Minister of Education Margaret MacDiarmid was rushed to PAH ... MacDiarmid recovered and later was appointed Minister of Health. Fraser Health and the Peach Arch Hospital & Community Health ... In 2001, PAH came under management of Fraser Health when SFHR was merged with its neighbouring health regions to create a new ... It also eventually was merged into the South Fraser Health Region (SFHR) which also administered health care in Delta, Surrey ...
Health services were provided in the hospital since 21 May 1994. Six areas are under catchment areas of the hospital. ...
The hospital's catchment area has a population of around 200,000 people. St Patrick's Hospital. ... As of 2015 the hospital has 290 beds, 12 doctors, two clinical associates, two dentists, and numerous allied health ... Occupational Health Services, Laundry, Kitchen Services and Mortuary. ...
Bland, Roger C. (March 1992). "Psychiatric Disorders in America: The Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (Book Review)". Journal ... A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999. ... Regier conducted a study called the Epidemiological Catchment Area Project which surveyed samples of the general population at ... Two notable historical studies focusing on etiology are the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study and the ...
The catchment area includes 27 counties, many of them medically underserved. The Cancer Institute is a regional coordinator for ... Pennsylvania area Susquehanna Health System in Williamsport, Pennsylvania The Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute is led by ... Joseph Medical Center in Reading, Pennsylvania Lewistown Hospital in Lewistown, Pennsylvania Wyoming Valley Health Care System ... This designation identifies the institute as a facility within Highmark's service area that offers comprehensive inpatient ...
Specialist mental health services are rare in rural areas, and thus diagnosis and management is left largely to primary-care ... The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up". Archives of General Psychiatry. 54 (11): 993-99. doi:10.1001/archpsyc. ... "The world health report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope". WHO website. World Health Organization. 2001. ... 25 (9). Department of Health and Human Services (1999). "The fundamentals of mental health and mental illness" (PDF). Mental ...
The catchment area of the River Slaney is 1,762 km2. The long term average flow rate of the River Slaney is 37.4 Cubic Metres ... The River Slaney (Irish: Abhainn na Sláine, meaning "river of health") is a large river in the southeast of Ireland. It rises ... Rivers of Ireland Ordnance Survey of Ireland: Rivers and their Catchment Basins 1958 (Table of Reference) South Eastern River ...
Based on the catchment area, this is a high rate of injury. "Overview". Central Hospital of Yaoundé. Retrieved 2012-07-26. " ... "Yaoundé". Health[e]Foundation. Retrieved 2012-07-26. DeLancey, Mark D.; Mbuh, Rebecca Neh (30 April 2010). Historical ... was medical superintendent of the hospital in 1960 before being appointed Minister of Health in 1961. The hospital was ... Clinics in Mother and Child Health. Ashdin Publishing. 8. Retrieved 2012-07-26. VICTORINE BIY (30 December 2010). "Cameroon: ...
"Mapped: Quarter of area teams resort to NHS England arbitration". Health Service Journal. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015 ... Applications by GPs to reduce their catchment area are dealt with by NHS England. Requests to reduce the number of patients ... "NHS England rejects one in four requests to shrink GP catchment areas". Pulse. 27 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. "NHS ... "Revealed: NHS England's new area team structure". Health Service Journal. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2014. "Mackey: ...
The village is in the catchment area for Matthew Arnold secondary school. Matthew Arnold School is not located in the village ... The village has a health centre, two shops, a post office and a pharmacist.[citation needed] There are two sports fields: ... "Area: Kennington CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 March ...
The catchment area for the health centre covers an area larger than France. The health centre-including a hospital, long term ... Tourism, lumber and health care are the primary sources of employment in the town. There are a number of fishing camps in the ... The new Sioux Lookout Meno-Ya-Win Health Centre opened its doors to patients in late 2010. This new 140,000-square-foot (13,000 ... Numerous hunting and fishing camps, as well as fly-in fishing lodges, also operate in the area. These include: Anderson's Lodge ...
It has a primary catchment area of over 350,000 people, which a catchment area of over 500,000 for some specialities. It has a ... The hospital is part of Barwon Health, Victoria's largest regional health care provider, which has 21 sites. It is the largest ... Barwon Health has a total 1016 beds. Patient stays resulted in over 167,000 Bed days in 2014-2015 Emergency Department sees ... speciality catchment area from Werribee to the South Australia border. Medical Units (Inpatient) General Medical Respiratory/ ...
"Determining health-care facility catchment areas in Uganda using data on malaria-related visits". Bulletin of the World Health ... Nagongera Health Centre IV Paskar Owor, middle-distance runner Busitema University Globefeed.com (23 June 2016). "Distance ...
The hospital provides many facilities for the catchment area including an A & E department; ear, nose and throat (ENT) unit; ... "Hospitals & Health Centres > Victoria Hospital". NHS Fife. Retrieved 21 October 2017. "Whyteman's Brae Hospital". Fife Council ... There are main bus routes that serve the catchment area for the hospital particularly from Glenrothes, Leven and from the ... The area surrounding the hospital will include signal controlled junctions; a new mini-roundabout and a possible park and ride ...
The area contains the catchments of the Staaten River, Vanrook Creek, and ten major tributaries. The purpose of the wild river ... The traditional ecological knowledge and health of these communities is in turn critical to the ongoing health of this wild ... The Staaten River catchment is one of Australia's last great wilderness areas.[citation needed] With little agricultural ... The Agwamin, Kutjar, Koknar, Kunjen and Kokoberrin people are the traditional owners of the Staaten River catchment area and ...
Its catchment area encompasses much of the Surrey Heath area of Camberley, Bagshot, Lightwater, ascot . Egham Windlesham, ... SHAPE runs Diploma courses in IT, for which Collingwood is the lead school and also Society Health and Development. Future ... It occupies a 30-acre (120,000 m2) campus and is divided in the three main areas 'Kingston' (Years 10 & 11) and 'Barossa' ( ... The centre provides facilities for sixth form students such as a common room and private study area. Collingwood performs ...
Each RHM has her own catchment area which is composed of 3-4 barangays. One RHM is based at the Main Health Center. Out of nine ... The Municipal Health Office is manned by one Municipal Health Officer (MHO), two Public Health Nurses (PHN), ten Rural Health ... In Pandan, the total percentage of household served is 33.31% in the rural area while 86.13% is being served in the urban area ... The programs and services implemented by the Municipal Health Office are: National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP); Health ...
Protect and develop the forest catchment area of rivers, lakes, reservoirs and all aquatic eco-systems. Meet the local ... the wide array of bio-diversity through scientific management and improve habitat conditions for improved forest health. ... Ensure that each and every Protected Area has a management plan in place. Conserve the medicinal plants in protected areas by ... of the geographic area and 17.41% of the 22,643 km2 (8,743 sq mi) recorded forest area of the state. The Forest Department is ...
RTIICS is the group's main hospital in Eastern India, with a primary catchment area of Kolkata. The hospital also treats ... Devi Prasad Shetty, founder and chairman of Narayana Health. Early in 2016, RTIICS announced the establishment of 'Stride', a ... tertiary care unit of Narayana Health group. It received accreditation from the NABH in 2014. ...
The school has a catchment area that extends as far as Dial Post and sometimes Worthing. And it also has a primary school (400 ... It has a modern health centre, a public library and the Steyning Museum. A spring fair is held on the Spring bank holiday (the ... The parish has a land area of 1,574 hectares (3,888 acres). In the 2001 census 5,812 people lived in 2,530 households, of whom ... The smaller villages of Bramber and Upper Beeding constitute, with Steyning, a built-up area at this crossing-point of the ...
Extensive forest covers much of the catchment area. Despite some land clearing and livestock damage to river banks, the aquatic ... The damage resulting from the fires impacted river health for some time after the fires. Victoria portal List of rivers of ... large areas of forest around the Big River and its catchments were severely impacted by the Eastern Victorian alpine bushfires ... The Big River, a perennial river of the North-East Murray catchment of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the East ...
The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up". Archives of General Psychiatry. 54 (11), s. 993-99. doi:10.1001/archpsyc ... Department of Health and Human Services (1999). "The fundamentals of mental health and mental illness" (PDF). Mental Health: A ... "The world health report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope". WHO website. World Health Organization. 2001. 10 ... PSYCHOLOGY FOR HEALTH: Contributions to Policy Making, Brussels.. *^ "Five steps to mental wellbeing". National Health Service ...
There is some supporting evidence from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study.[116] ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ... Occupational health psychology (OHP) is an interdisciplinary area of psychology that is concerned with the health and safety of ... Total Worker Health™[edit]. Main article: Total Worker Health. Because many companies have implemented worker safety and health ...
It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life ... peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. ... In the 1980s, the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study ... Mental Health Services Use: Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Follow-Up. Hillary R. Bogner, M.D., M.S.C.E., Heather F. de ... Mental health service utilization by African-Americans and whites: The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Follow-up. Med ...
... program of research was initiated in response to the 1977 report of the Presidents Commission on Mental Health. The purpose ... Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) Survey of Mental Disorders, Wave I (Household), 1980-1985 : [United States]. [Inter- ... university Consortium for Political and Social Research.;] -- The Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) ... health_facilities> # IX. HEALTH CARE AND HEALTH FACILITIES. a schema:Thing ;. schema:name "IX. HEALTH CARE AND HEALTH ...
To ensure that health resources are allocated in the interest of the population, health planners and the government should ... This study compares an optimised and the conventional version of the two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method to assess ... We first computed catchments around existing medical clinics of Montreal Island based on the shortest network distance. ... Population nested in dissemination areas were used to determine potential users of a given medical clinic. To optimize the ...
2) The area of land bounded by watersheds draining into a river, basin or reservoir. ... An area from which surface runoff is carried away by a single drainage system. ... Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and peoples health. Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and ... Catchment area This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your ...
... towards an integrated approach to defining health professional shortage areas" (PDF). Health and Place. 11: 131-146. doi: ... The two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method is a method for combining a number of related types of information into a ... The two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method is a special case of a gravity model of spatial interaction that was ... Luo, W.; Qi, Y. (2009). "An enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to ...
Catchment Area. Nottingham. Referral. Self referral by phone, via website or drop in ... The Health Shop Nottingham offers:. • Needle and syringe exchange. • 1-1 Advice and support around substance misuse. • Blood ...
"Defining rational hospital catchments for non-urban areas based on travel-time". International Journal of Health Geographics. 5 ... each with a catchment area of several streets. Supermarkets, on the other hand, have a much lower density, with catchment areas ... catchment area calculations free webapp List of Nigerian Universities Catchment Areas. ... In human geography, a catchment area is the area from which a city, service or institution attracts a population that uses its ...
... illness prevention and health promotion programs and services that promote wellness in the community. ... The Woolwich Community Health Centres serve the communities of Woolwich and Wellesley townships providing primary health care, ...
Psychotic Disorders - MedlinePlus Health Information. Miscellaneous. *NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. *NCI CPTC Antibody ... The psychosis continuum in the general population: findings from the São Paulo Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study.. Loch AA1, ... Data were from the Brazilian São Paulo Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in two boroughs ...
... sources of cancer health inequities, economic costs, and lack of health care resources. Comprehensive cancer centers also ... Catchment Area. Definition. A cancer centers CA is to be defined by each cancer center. According to the FOA, a CA can be ... Catchment Areas and Community Outreach and Engagement: The New Mandate for NCI-Designated Cancer Centers. Electra D. Paskett ... The population burden of cancer: research driven by the catchment area of a cancer center. Epidemiol Rev 2017;39:108-22. ...
The catchment areas of six health-care facilities in Uganda were determined using the cumulative case ratio: the ratio of the ... Determining health-care facility catchment areas in Uganda using data on malaria-related visits. Kate Zinszer, Katia Charland, ... To illustrate the use of a new method for defining the catchment areas of health-care facilities based on their utilization. ... Use of the cumulative case ratio for malaria-related visits to determine health-care facility catchment areas was feasible. ...
Table 2. Parishes, population and malaria cases in health-care facility catchment areas, by catchment area definition, Uganda, ... that administrative area is included in the facilitys catchment area.5,8 With this approach, the catchment area is not limited ... Knowledge of a health-care facilitys catchment area is important for assessing health service utilization, for calculating ... Catchment areas should be reassessed periodically. A final consideration is whether the catchment area should be based on all ...
Spain offers universal access to public health care organised by catchment areas. The catchment areas are defined by care ... and workforce capacity of the local mental health system in the catchment area were mapped before all other catchment areas in ... the annual direct cost of agitation in adult psychiatric inpatient care in a mental health catchment area of a public Health ... In-patient costs of agitation and containment in a mental health catchment area. ...
The sites were areas that had previously been designated as Community Mental Health Center catchment areas: New Haven, ... The sites were areas that had previously been designated as Community Mental Health Center catchment areas: New Haven, ... Unit of Observation: Individual, Metropolitan Area Universe: Persons aged 18 and older residing in catchment areas centralized ... It is unclear if this process extends beyond the Duke Catchment, or if other Catchment Areas employed a similar qualification ...
... of potential spatial accessibility to health care services and are often used to identify geographic disparities in health care ... Floating Catchment Area (FCA) metrics provide a comprehensive measure ... Langford M, Higgs G, Fry R. Multi-modal two-step floating catchment area analysis of primary health care accessibility. Health ... Using floating catchment area (FCA) metrics to predict health care utilization patterns. BMC Health Serv Res 19, 144 (2019). ...
Health Persp. 103 582-587. [ Links ]. KIM Y, KATASE T, SEKINE S, INOUE T, MAKINO M, UCHIYAMA T, FUJIMOTO Y and YAMASHITA N ( ... Description of the study area. The study area for this research work was the Jukskei River catchment area, which is located in ... All land-use activities that take place in most river catchment areas, including the Jukskei River catchment area, are possible ... Levels of selected alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) in water and sediment samples from the Jukskei River catchment area in ...
Isot Environ Health Stud 40:291-300CrossRefGoogle Scholar. *. Norris DR, Marra PP, Kyser TK, Sherry TW, Ratcliffe TM (2004) ... Stable isotope and band-encounter analyses delineate migratory patterns and catchment areas of white-throated sparrows at a ... Wassenaar LI, Hobson KA (2001) A stable-isotope approach to delineate geographical catchment areas of avian migration ... to determine both wintering and breeding ground catchment areas monitored by this station. The δD of tail feathers, collected ...
BACKGROUND: This report presents the initial results of the first Epidemiological Catchment Area Study in mental health in ... and use of mental health services in the epidemiological catchment area of Montreal South-West.. Title. Prevalence of ... and use of mental health services in the epidemiological catchment area of Montreal South-West.. ... and use of mental health services in the epidemiological catchment area of Montreal South-West. ...
Catchment Area (Health) Child Child, Preschool Cholera Diarrhea Diarrhoea Female Hospitalization Hospitals Humans Incidence ... The estimated incidence of severe diarrhoea due to cholera ranged from 0.3 to 4.9/1000 population in the catchment area of ... Diarrhoeal deaths were most common in the Chhatak Hospital's catchment area (18.5/100 000 population). This study provides ... We conducted a healthcare utilization survey in the catchment areas of surveillance hospitals to estimate the proportion of ...
Results from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS) - Volume 181 Issue 3 - Jan Spijker, Ron De ... The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 993-999. ... Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht and De Galderse Roos, Institute for Mental Health Care, Arnhem ... Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht and De Galderse Roos, Institute for Mental Health Care, Arnhem ...
The Floating Catchment Area Methods. The Gravity-Based and Generalized 2SFCA Models ... Department of Health and Human Services (Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality and the National Institutes of Health), U.S. ... GIS-Based Measures of Spatial Accessibility and Application in Examining Health Care Access ... Linear Programming and Applications in Examining Wasteful Commuting and Allocating Health Care Providers ...
... you will likely fall within the catchment area for Ridgmount Practice, UCLs partner health clinic, and should be able to ... Your GP should always be your first point of contact for all health concerns (physical health or mental health) throughout your ... What if I live outside the catchment area or chose another GP?. We recommend that you register with a GP close to where you ... If you are a UCL student and live within our catchment area in central or north London you are eligible to register, you will ...
Identify several testing sites in your catchment area. Contact them to ensure that tests are available and to understand the ... The CDC has published updated guidance for health care systems including a framework to deliver non-COVID-19 health care during ... Learn more about health care institutions ethical obligations to protect health care professionals from AMA ethics. ... As public health experts determine that it is safe to see patients and stay-at-home restrictions are relaxed, physician ...
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2014;92:178-186. (who.int)
  • In order to gain comprehensive knowledge on the impact of travel time to EmOC facilities upon maternal deaths, we propose using the upcoming released version (Version 5) of AccessMod, a software package developed by the Department of Health Systems Financing (WHO/HSS/HSF) at the World Health Organization, in collaboration with the WHO Vulnerability and Risk Analysis & Mapping programme (VRAM). (cdc.gov)
  • The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11, 2020 (2). (cdc.gov)
  • We adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) active surveillance strategy to identify and report suspected EVD cases, follow up contacts of confirmed cases, and report community deaths. (hindawi.com)
  • The EVD outbreak which started in Guinea was officially notified by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2014 [ 7 , 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. (who.int)
  • The World Health Organization does not warrant that the information contained in this health information product is complete and correct and shall not be liable for any damages incurred as a result of its use. (who.int)
  • According to the World Health Organization in 2012, 80% of Zimbabweans had access to improved, i.e. clean, drinking-water sources, and only 40% of Zimbabweans had access to improved sanitation facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health surveillance (also epidemiological surveillance, clinical surveillance or syndromic surveillance) is, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), "the continuous, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health-related data needed for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robins later prepared a multicultural version of her diagnostic interview schedule for international use by the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the moment, about 100,000 lived in its catchment area, the area served by its community health workers, 7o in all. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • Results of these studies for major concepts rather than specific areas counties that have at least 100,000 depressive disorder, as an example, were outlined on maps (9). (cdc.gov)
  • Community members have also been trained and make up part of the outreach team, which reaches nearly 100,000 people per year and focuses on relevant health issues in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Organization Global Burden of Health Statistics (NCHS). (cdc.gov)
  • In 2012 (PAR 12-298), the NCI Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) required that designated cancer centers identify and describe their Catchment Area (CA) and document ongoing research that specifically addresses the cancer burden, risk factors, incidence, morbidity, mortality, and inequities, in the CA ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • After matching, 6 health centers are randomly assigned to perform door-to-door VCT, whereas the others perform the traditional community gathering approach (called 'pitso' in Sesotho). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The catchment area for existing ehealth Centers represents approximately 2 million people. (cxotoday.com)
  • Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) was established in 1995 as part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Emerging Infections Program (EIP) network to assess the extent of invasive bacterial infections of public health importance. (cdc.gov)
  • Currently, the work of the Department of Community Programmes can be categorised as the following: Health Service Programmes Public Health Programmes Partnership Programmes Global Health Programmes Majority of the work of the Department of Community Programs is carried out by the outreach centers. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the 14 outreach centers and one school health clinic round-the-clock healthcare services are provided to the people living in the catchment areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assessing spatial and nonspatial factors for healthcare access: towards an integrated approach to defining health professional shortage areas" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • They are built to connect patients in remote areas, who couldn't previously afford or access healthcare, to receive remote consultations and diagnoses from physicians and specialists. (cxotoday.com)
  • Our goal is to provide high-quality healthcare on a large scale to people in India," said Dr. Ashutosh Raghuvanshi, vice chairman, managing director and group chief executive officer, Narayana Health. (cxotoday.com)
  • The equipment and training will be provided by HP, and Narayana Health will create awareness and understanding about the program locally through outreach camps, public awareness campaigns and healthcare education programs, according to a company statement. (cxotoday.com)
  • Narayana Health is among India's largest healthcare service providers and also one of the world's most economical. (cxotoday.com)
  • Asian American health disparities have only gained focus in the past 10 years, with policy initiatives geared towards promoting healthcare access to Asian Americans rising to prominence even later. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Local Health Board (LHB) was launched in October 2009 through the merger of Gwent Healthcare NHS Trust and Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Newport, Torfaen and Monmouthshire LHBs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Motorcycle Outreach is a charitable non-profit organisation which works to introduce effective healthcare delivery in remote areas of developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health for All (HfA) provides primary healthcare transport for a catchment area of over fifty thousand people living in over fifty villages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effective healthcare delivery is the missing link in many health initiatives in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • In behavioral healthcare (mental health and substance abuse treatment) routine health outcomes measurement has expanded beyond aggregating measurements for quality improvement studies and has placed equal emphasis on the therapeutic gain delivered by real-time patient-level outcome feedback. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral healthcare rarely uses genetic markers or blood tests to assist in diagnosing major depression or other behavioral health disorders like schizophrenia and substance abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health Obuobia has pledged to continue championing good healthcare to the various people within the Foundation's catchment areas but more importantly the Weija-Gbawe Constituency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequently, the 1-year cumulative malaria case rate was calculated for each catchment area, as determined using the three methods. (who.int)
  • Among older adults, Methods --The estimates in this report were derived from the Family Core and mental illnesses increase the risk of Sample Adult components of the 2001-04 National Health Interview Survey, institutionalization (3). (cdc.gov)
  • Because the number of pertussis isolates available for laboratory characterization has declined nationally, EPS sites use various methods to increase isolate collection in their catchment areas. (cdc.gov)
  • ABCs encourages sites to incorporate methods to increase the yield of identified pertussis cases in the catchment area. (cdc.gov)
  • The 1-year cumulative malaria case rate varied considerably with the method used to define the catchment areas. (who.int)
  • Then, for each facility, we compare the cumulative rate of confirmed malaria cases in the catchment area derived using this approach with the rate in areas derived using the straight line or road network distance from the facility. (who.int)
  • In highly endemic areas, malaria is still associated with maternal anaemia, LBW and stillbirth. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 2. Conduct situational analysis and suggest recommendations and corrective actions regarding control of malaria in an area. (who.int)
  • Malaria has always been the biggest killer in the Bwindi area, and is easily preventable simply by sleeping under a mosquito net. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mixed approach combining secondary analysis of clinical databases, surveys and expert knowledge was used to model the 2013 direct costs of agitation and containment events for adult inpatients with mental disorders in an area of 640,572 adult inhabitants in South Barcelona (Spain). (beds.ac.uk)
  • ClinTrial Refer offers mobile apps to help patients and health professionals find clinical trials. (alfredhealth.org.au)
  • This opened in March 2013 and comprises 54 bedrooms and ensuites, recreational rooms, clinical rooms, administration areas, seclusion rooms and therapy gardens. (wikipedia.org)
  • To examine the temporality of this association, data from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) were recently analyzed to explore whether baseline clinical periodontal status predicted incident diabetes among 9,296 initially diabetes-free participants ( 1 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • These areas were locally agreed between NHS Trusts, local authorities and Clinical Commissioning Groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students who participate in CHIRP typically receive focused lectures, clinical exposure, community health experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, PAH came under management of Fraser Health when SFHR was merged with its neighbouring health regions to create a new regional health authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, governance transferred from the South Fraser Health Region to the newly created and larger Fraser Health Authority as part of a province-wide restructuring of health authorities by the provincial government. (wikipedia.org)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/glossary/catchment-area or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Water and sediment samples were collected from different sites in the Jukskei River catchment area in the 2005 summer and winter seasons. (scielo.org.za)
  • It also covers the thematic areas of Sustainable Development Goal #6, as well as green production, social inclusion, and stakeholder outreach for fresh water management projects. (undp.org)
  • As fresh water management is cross cutting to the SDGs, it also covers the thematic areas of employment and inclusive growth, green economies and green jobs, social protection and social inclusion, as well as poverty and inequality measurement. (undp.org)
  • There is very little development in the catchment, with grazing being the most common activity, and there are no major water storage facilities on the river. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Staaten River is remote and currently there is little demand for water extraction in this area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department is to conserve biodiversity and eco-systems of forests and wilderness areas to ensure water security and food security of the state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dam and plant design follows a format common to many dams in Laos (similar to, for example, the Nam Theun 2 Dam and the Nam Theun-Hinboun Dam), and involved an inter-catchment water transfer, between the Houay Ho River, and a small tributary of the Xe Kong River, exploiting the altitudinal difference between the two to generate power. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sydney Catchment Authority is a statutory authority of the Government of New South Wales created in 1999 to manage and protect drinking water catchments and catchment infrastructure, and supplies bulk water to its customers, including Sydney Water and a number of local government authorities in the state of New South Wales, Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members can be individuals, typically landowners in the area covered by a water board, or municipalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are responsible for the development and rehabilitation of water and sewerage facilities, for investment planning and implementation in their service area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Emscher catchment area suffered from "subsidence funnels" where waste water, surface run-off and water from the creeks gathered and digested. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1885 on legislative initiatives started to develop catchment-wide solutions and finally in 1899 the mining companies, industrial players and the Lord Mayors of the growing cities established the Emschergenossenschaft to organize the regional water drainage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those were normally the sub catchment parts where underground sewer systems were impossible as the mining subsidence would have caused damages continuously and waste water would have infiltrated in groundwater and soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rivers Trust and Catchment Sensitive Farming created Pinpoint to reduce water pollution created from farming. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obuobia Darko-Opoku has also donated 17,000 litre water tank to Akawe a health center in the Ga south municipality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jamshid Yarahmadi, The integration of Satellite Images, GIS and CROPWAT model to investigateion of water balance in irrigated areas:A case stude of Salmas and Tassoj Plains Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • It forms the largest water catchment area in Penang. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been classed as being in "moderate condition" by Melbourne Water, but it is becoming increasingly urbanised as new developments extend across the catchment from Hoppers Crossing and surrounding areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • This new development poses a major risk to the health of the river as does the poor quality of both the creek's water and streamside vegetation along significant parts of the waterway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different approaches to defining catchment areas have been developed, mostly in the field of health service research. (who.int)
  • Contact NHS England on 0300 311 2233 to find out if there is a service in your area. (ageuk.org.uk)
  • Scheffler RM, Miller AG: Demand analysis of mental health service use among ethnic subpopulations. (springer.com)
  • A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusions The availability and application of a specific 'fit-for-purpose' access measure enables a more accurate empirical basis for service planning and allocation of health resources. (publish.csiro.au)
  • Both approaches have substantial limitations for informing rural health service planning and decision making. (publish.csiro.au)
  • Serious psychological distress and mental health service use among community-dwelling older U.S. adults. (nih.gov)
  • a wide range of activities focused on improving the health of the Australian community including health promotion, early intervention and prevention strategies, health service development, chronic disease management, medical education and workforce support. (mja.com.au)
  • National Health Service (Mandate Requirements) Regulations are published each year to give legal force to the mandate. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is named after Aneurin Bevan, a Member of Parliament who represented the area and who was the government Minister of Health responsible for the foundation of the National Health Service. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to its success the service continues to expand as demand and awareness of mental health increases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The New Grangegorman Urban Quarter is a proposed education, health and community development by the Grangegorman Development Agency for Dublin Institute of Technology and the Health Service Executivewithin the existing Grangegorman Urban quarter. (wikipedia.org)
  • It forms part of the HSE Dublin North West Mental Health Service and its catchment area is north-west Dublin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Northeast Choiseul Late Dr.Gideon Zoleveke Late Hon. Allan Qurusu Hon.Manasseh Sogavare (1994-present) Northwest Choiseul Hon. Alpha Kimata Hon. Clement Kengava Hon. Connelly Sadakabatu (2010-present) South Choiseul Hon. Jason Dorovolomo Hon.Rev Caleb Kotali Hon.Rev Leslie Boseto Hon. Elijah Doro Muala (2010-present) The Choiseul Provincial Health Service (CPHS) has 26 health facilities around the province. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2002 the organisation was renamed Women's and Children's Health Service. (wikipedia.org)
  • The new "Health Service Support Areas" (HSSAs), under the MEDCOM, had more responsibility and authority than the old HSC regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Foundation provides education, health, and community service programmes such as disaster relief, microbusiness promotion and sustainable ecotourism. (wikipedia.org)
  • MonashHeart became a luminary site for the 320-slice Toshiba Aquilion One CT scanner in September 2008, the first health service to do so in the southern hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • To improve surveillance efforts in capturing maternal mortality cases in rural areas, the Division of Reproductive Health, in conjunction with USAID and CDC-Uganda, launched data collection and surveillance efforts for four pilot districts in western Uganda under the Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) project. (cdc.gov)
  • This ensures they are capturing all cases of invasive disease in catchment area residents for each pathogen under surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • The Brazilian MOH, the State Health Secretariat of Paraíba, and CDC collaborated on a follow-up investigation of the health and development of children in northeastern Brazil who were reported to national surveillance with microcephaly at birth. (cdc.gov)
  • These technologies enable the collection, analysis and tracking of individual and communitywide data-such as disease patterns and risk factors-as well as regional-health profile monitoring to facilitate real-time disease surveillance. (cxotoday.com)
  • Can State Health Departments Use All-Payer Claims Data for Chronic Disease Surveillance? (cdc.gov)
  • A passive surveillance system consists of the regular, ongoing reporting of diseases and conditions by all health facilities in a given territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extract from the River Health Programme report: "Historically, the Berg River was one of many habitats in the Cape inhabited by hippos but, in the late 1600s, hunters began overexploiting the hippos for their meat and hides, resulting in a decline in their numbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fortunately, Aristide was reinstated as president in 1994, and Partners in Health was able to continue improving upon Zanmi Lasante. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 1994, a merger of Medical Research and Development Command, the Medical Material Agency and the Health Facilities Planning Agency resulted in creation of the Medical Research, Development, Acquisition and Logistics Command (MRDALC), subordinate to the provisional MEDCOM. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zainab Kaigama, a doctor with the Ministry of Health, sits behind a table under the tree calling up patients one-by-one. (icrc.org)
  • On September 8, the Uganda Ministry of Health received notification from the Kasese District health team regarding this outbreak of suspected food poisoning. (cdc.gov)
  • 2. ii Taking KEPH to the Community THIS PUBLICATION is one of a series that the Ministry of Health will produce to support the achievement of the goals of the second National Health Sector Strategic Plan, 2005-2010 (NHSSP II). (slideshare.net)
  • FIMRC volunteers in Peru work directly with the Ministry of Health to treat and educate Peruvians. (wikipedia.org)