A neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by one or more of the following essential features: immobility, mutism, negativism (active or passive refusal to follow commands), mannerisms, stereotypies, posturing, grimacing, excitement, echolalia, echopraxia, muscular rigidity, and stupor; sometimes punctuated by sudden violent outbursts, panic, or hallucinations. This condition may be associated with psychiatric illnesses (e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; MOOD DISORDERS) or organic disorders (NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME; ENCEPHALITIS, etc.). (From DSM-IV, 4th ed, 1994; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.
A benzodiazepine used as an anti-anxiety agent with few side effects. It also has hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and considerable sedative properties and has been proposed as a preanesthetic agent.
Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.
Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
State of mind or behavior characterized by extreme skepticism and persistent opposition or resistance to outside suggestions or advice. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Decreased density of GABA-A receptors in the left sensorimotor cortex in akinetic catatonia: investigation of in vivo benzodiazepine receptor binding. (1/47)

OBJECTIVES: Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome with concomittant akinesia and anxiety which both respond almost immediately to benzodiazepines such as lorazepam. The benzodiazepine receptor distribution was therefore investigated in akinetic catatonia with single photon emission tomography (SPECT) using iodine-123-iomazenil ((123) I Iomazenil). METHODS: Ten akinetic catatonic patients, 10 psychiatric controls (similar age, sex, medication, and underlying psychiatric diagnosis but without catatonic syndrome), and 20 healthy controls were investigated with SPECT 2 hours after injection of (123) I Iomazenil. To exclude potential effects of cerebral perfusion (r-CBF) r-CBF was additionally investigated with Tc-99mECD SPECT. RESULTS: Catatonic patients showed significantly lower iomazenil binding and altered right-left relations in the left sensorimotor cortex compared with psychiatric (p<0.001) and healthy (p<0.001) controls. In addition, there was significantly lower r-CBF in the right lower prefrontal and parietal cortex in catatonia whereas in the left sensorimotor cortex no differences in r-CBF between groups were found. Catatonic motor and affective symptoms showed significant correlations (p<0.05) with benzodiazepine binding in the left sensorimotor cortex as well as with right parietal r-CBF. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced iomazenil binding suggests decreased density of GABA-A receptors in the left sensorimotor cortex in akinetic catatonia. In addition to reduced GABA-A receptor density in the left sensorimotor cortex the parietal cortex seems to be involved in pathophysiology of catatonic symptoms. It is concluded that, considering results from correlation analyses, both emotional and motor symptoms in catatonia seem to be closely related to left sensorimotor and right parietal alterations.  (+info)

Ictal catatonia as a manifestation of de novo absence status epilepticus following benzodiazepine withdrawal. (2/47)

To describe ictal catatonia as a manifestation of de novo absence status epilepticus following benzodiazepine withdrawal. Ictal catatonia was documented by concurrent EEG recordings. A catatonic syndrome, first diagnosed as a psychogenic reaction, was found to be an ictal event by EEG recording. De novo absence status and benzodiazepine withdrawal should be considered when a catatonic syndrome suddenly occurs in elderly patients.  (+info)

Catatonia in autistic spectrum disorders. (3/47)

BACKGROUND: The clinical pictures of autistic spectrum disorders include features described in catatonia. AIMS: To examine the severe exacerbation of the catatonic features of autistic disorders in adolescence or early adult life, which occurs in some individuals. METHOD: A semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect information from parents or other care-givers concerning 506 referrals to a specialist clinic for autistic spectrum disorders. Individuals with severe exacerbation of catatonic features were compared with a same-age group of referrals without this type of deterioration in skills and behaviour. RESULTS: Seventeen per cent of referrals aged 15 or over had severe exacerbation of catatonic features. They were significantly more likely than the comparison group to have had, before the onset of the change in behaviour, impaired language and passivity in social interaction. CONCLUSIONS: Catatonia is a later complication of autistic spectrum disorders, which adds considerably to the burden of caring. More research is needed to identify causes, neuropathology, and early signs of vulnerability.  (+info)

Inter-ictal and post-ictal psychoses in frontal lobe epilepsy: a retrospective comparison with psychoses in temporal lobe epilepsy. (4/47)

There have been few studies of the psychopathology of patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). The majority of studies of both inter-ictal and post-ictal psychoses have strongly suggested the influence of temporal lobe disturbance on psychoses. Patients with organic brain damage or schizophrenia, however, sometimes show frontal lobe dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to better understand the effect, if any, of frontal lobe disturbance and seizure on psychopathology. Patients were divided into four groups based on epilepsy type and preceding seizures; 8 with FLE/inter-ictal psychosis, 3 with FLE/post-ictal psychosis, 29 with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)/inter-ictal psychosis, and 8 with TLE/post-ictal psychosis. Psychopathologic symptoms were retrospectively reviewed based on case notes, using a modified brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS). Psychomotor excitement, hostility, suspiciousness, and hallucinatory behaviour were prominent features in all four groups. Six orthogonal factors were derived by factor analysis from the original data based on the 18 BPRS items. FLE patients with inter-ictal psychosis showed marked hebephrenic characteristics (i.e. emotional withdrawal and blunted effect). Our findings suggest that patients with FLE can exhibit various psychiatric symptoms. However, their psychotic symptoms, hebephrenic symptoms in particular, may often be overlooked.  (+info)

Splitting schizophrenia: periodic catatonia-susceptibility locus on chromosome 15q15. (5/47)

The nature of subtypes in schizophrenia and the meaning of heterogeneity in schizophrenia have been considered a principal controversy in psychiatric research. We addressed these issues in periodic catatonia, a clinical entity derived from Leonhard's classification of schizophrenias, in a genomewide linkage scan. Periodic catatonia is characterized by qualitative psychomotor disturbances during acute psychotic outbursts and by long-term outcome. On the basis of our previous findings of a lifetime morbidity risk of 26.9% of periodic catatonia in first-degree relatives, we conducted a genome scan in 12 multiplex pedigrees with 135 individuals, using 356 markers with an average spacing of 11 cM. In nonparametric multipoint linkage analyses (by GENEHUNTER-PLUS), significant evidence for linkage was obtained on chromosome 15q15 (P = 2.6 x 10(-5); nonparametric LOD score [LOD*] 3.57). A further locus on chromosome 22q13 with suggestive evidence for linkage (P = 1.8 x 10(-3); LOD* 1.85) was detected, which indicated genetic heterogeneity. Parametric linkage analysis under an autosomal dominant model (affecteds-only analysis) provided independent confirmation of nonparametric linkage results, with maximum LOD scores 2.75 (recombination fraction [theta].04; two-point analysis) and 2.89 (theta =.029; four-point analysis), at the chromosome 15q candidate region. Splitting the complex group of schizophrenias on the basis of clinical observation and genetic analysis, we identified periodic catatonia as a valid nosological entity. Our findings provide evidence that periodic catatonia is associated with a major disease locus, which maps to chromosome 15q15.  (+info)

ACUTE CATATONIC REACTION OF ADOLESCENCE. (6/47)

In a study of 21 cases of catatonic schizophrenic reaction of adolescence, sexual conflict situations and stern religious orientation of the family were noted in most cases. Incest was a factor in four of the female patients and masturbatory guilt was a prominent reaction in the remainder. Sex education was mostly misinformation and threats of dire consequences for sexual activity. Fourteen of the cases involved broken homes for significant periods of childhood or adolescence. It was hypothesized that sexual conflict situations grew out of incompatible socio-cultural attitudes and normal adolescent psychological and physiological drives. We formulated the "defined body contact" technique as a means of facilitating the reversal of the catatonic behavior, which we saw as the primary device whereby the patient limited physical contacts. The contacts we used in this technique were defined explicitly and implicitly as non-sexual.The catatonic symptoms remitted in days to several weeks in 13 of the cases. Seven patients required electroshock therapy. Twenty of the 21 patients returned to their homes or to non-institutional residences. The length of hospitalization was materially influenced by the degree of readiness of the outside environment to accept the returnee.  (+info)

ACTIONS OF PROSTAGLANDINS E1, E2 AND E3 ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. (7/47)

Prostaglandins E(1), E(2) and E(3), injected into the cerebral ventricles of unanaesthetized cats, produced sedation, stupor and signs of catatonia. The threshold dose was 3 mug/kg. Slight sedation was also observed following an intravenous injection, but a dose of 20 mug/kg was required. In chicks, intravenous injections of prostaglandins (10 to 400 mug/kg) caused respiratory depression, profound sedation, loss of normal posture and, with the higher doses, loss of the righting reflex.  (+info)

SOME PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THIOPROPERAZINE AND THEIR MODIFICATION BY ANTI-PARKINSONIAN DRUGS. (8/47)

The pharmacological properties of a phenothiazine derivative thioproperazine have been compared with those of chlorpromazine, and the modifications by some anti-Parkinsonian drugs of its actions on the central nervous system have been studied. Thioproperazine was less potent than chlorpromazine in lowering blood pressure and antagonizing adrenaline in the cat, in depressing respiratory rate in the rabbit, in producing hypothermia and analgesia and in reducing the minimum anaesthetic dose of hexobarbitone in mice, and in protecting rats from convulsions induced by tryptamine. It was roughly equipotent to chlorpromazine in reducing locomotor activity of mice. Thioproperazine was more potent than chlorpromazine in protecting grouped mice from the acute toxicity of dexamphetamine, in preventing the acute behavioural disturbances produced by dexamphetamine in the rat, in producing a state of experimental catatonia in the rat and in preventing the emetic action of apomorphine in the dog. Hyoscine, benztropine or promethazine greatly reduced the ability of thioproperazine to prevent behavioural changes due to dexamphetamine in the rat and also abolished symptoms of experimental catatonia produced by thioproperazine. In contrast, the antiapomorphine activity of thioproperazine in the dog was not reduced to any extent by hyoscine or benztropine.  (+info)

Catatonia is a state of neurogenic motor immobility and behavioral abnormality manifested by stupor, mutism, negativism, rigidity, posturing, stereotypy, agitation, or Grimmacing. It can be a symptom associated with various neurological and mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, or brain injury. Catatonic symptoms can also occur as a side effect of certain medications.

The diagnosis of catatonia is typically made based on the observation of characteristic clinical symptoms and the exclusion of other potential causes through medical evaluation. Treatment for catatonia may include medication, such as benzodiazepines or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), depending on the underlying cause and severity of the symptoms.

Catatonic Schizophrenia is a subtype of Schizophrenia characterized by severe psychomotor disturbances such as stupor (reduced reaction to stimuli), mutism (inability to speak), negativism (resistance to instructions or movements), posturing (assuming and maintaining unusual poses), rigidity, agitation, or excitation. These symptoms can lead to significant impairment in daily functioning and quality of life. It is important to note that this subtype is less commonly used in current psychiatric classification systems, as the focus has shifted towards a more comprehensive description of symptom dimensions that cut across traditional diagnostic categories.

Lorazepam is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. Medically, it is defined as a prescription drug used for the treatment of anxiety disorders, short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms. It can also be used for the treatment of insomnia, seizure disorders, and alcohol withdrawal. Lorazepam works by affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety or other symptoms.

It is important to note that lorazepam can be habit-forming and should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare provider. Misuse of this medication can lead to serious risks, including addiction, overdose, or death.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used in cases of severe or treatment-resistant major depression, bipolar disorder, and catatonia. In ECT, a brief electrical current is passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a seizure. The purpose and specific effects of this procedure are not fully understood, but it's believed to cause changes in brain chemistry that can help relieve symptoms of certain mental health conditions.

The treatment is typically administered under general anesthesia and is usually given two to three times a week for a total of six to twelve treatments. While ECT has been associated with certain risks, such as memory loss and confusion, it is generally considered safe when performed by trained medical professionals. It's important to note that ECT should only be used in cases where other treatment options have been exhausted or have proven ineffective.

The term "hysteria" is an outdated and discredited concept in medicine, particularly in psychiatry and psychology. Originally, it was used to describe a condition characterized by dramatic, excessive emotional reactions and physical symptoms that couldn't be explained by a medical condition. These symptoms often included things like paralysis, blindness, or fits, which would sometimes be "hysterical" in nature - that is, they seemed to have no physical cause.

However, the concept of hysteria has been largely abandoned due to its lack of scientific basis and its use as a catch-all diagnosis for symptoms that doctors couldn't explain. Today, many of the symptoms once attributed to hysteria are now understood as manifestations of other medical or psychological conditions, such as conversion disorder, panic attacks, or malingering. It's important to note that using outdated and stigmatizing terms like "hysteria" can be harmful and misleading, so it's best to avoid them in favor of more precise and respectful language.

Postencephalitic Parkinson's disease (PEPD) is a secondary form of Parkinsonism that occurs as a result of viral encephalitis, most commonly following the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic. It is a rare condition today due to advancements in healthcare and vaccinations.

The infection causes inflammation in the brain, leading to damage in various areas, particularly the substantia nigra pars compacta, where dopamine-producing neurons are located. This results in decreased levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter essential for smooth and controlled muscle movements.

The symptoms of PEPD can be similar to those seen in primary Parkinson's disease (PD), such as bradykinesia (slowness of movement), rigidity, resting tremors, and postural instability. However, there are some distinct differences between the two conditions:

1. Age at onset: PEPD tends to affect younger individuals, often in their 20s or 30s, while primary PD usually manifests in people over 50.
2. Symptom progression: The progression of symptoms in PEPD is typically more rapid and severe than in primary PD.
3. Non-motor symptoms: PEPD often presents with a wider range of non-motor symptoms, including sleep disturbances, mood changes, autonomic dysfunction, and oculogyric crises (involuntary upward deviation of the eyes).
4. Response to treatment: PEPD may not respond as well to levodopa therapy compared to primary PD, and patients often experience more severe side effects such as dyskinesias (abnormal involuntary movements) and motor fluctuations.

It is essential to differentiate between postencephalitic Parkinson's disease and primary Parkinson's disease, as the treatment approaches and prognosis may differ significantly.

Negativism is a medical term that is used to describe a condition in which an individual resists or opposes the suggestions, commands, or actions of others, even if they are not harmful or difficult to perform. This behavior can be seen in some mental health disorders such as catatonic schizophrenia, severe depression, or dementia.

In a broader sense, negativism can also refer to a general attitude of opposition, resistance, or pessimism, but this is not the medical definition.

There are several subtypes of catatonia: akinetic catatonia, excited catatonia, malignant catatonia, and delirious mania. ... 109 Catatonia associated with schizophreniform disorder: 111 Catatonia associated with schizoaffective disorder: 121 Catatonia ... Malignant Catatonia: Malignant catatonia is a life-threatening condition that may progress rapidly within a few days. It is ... Chronic catatonia-like breakdown or autistic catatonia refers to a functional decline seen in some patients with pre-existing ...
"Sweet Catatonia" is a song recorded by the Welsh band Catatonia, taken from their first studio album, Way Beyond Blue. It was ... "Catatonia". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 April 2016. Owens, David (2000). Cerys, Catatonia and the Rise of Welsh Pop. ... The name "Sweet Catatonia" had been the original title for the band, when it was a duo of Matthews and Roberts. The single ... Sweet Catatonia had originally been recorded in 1993, and appeared on their "For Tinkerbell" EP that year. The re-recorded ...
It was at this point that the band shortened its name to "Catatonia". Mwyn used his contacts to get Catatonia onto Welsh ... "Troubled Catatonia split up". BBC News. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 2 April 2016. Bychawski, Adam (15 August 2001). "Catatonia ... The following month, on 18 January 1996, "Sweet Catatonia" was released. It became the first Catatonia single to reach the UK ... But after seeing Sweet Catatonia perform, the band members did not agree and so Matthews remained with Catatonia. Further ...
Catatonia is a medical condition characterized by immobility and unresponsiveness. Catatonia may also refer to: Catatonia (band ... Look up catatonia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... "Catatonia", a song by the Amity Affliction from the album ... Everyone Loves You... Once You Leave Them This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Catatonia. If an ...
... is a term used to describe the occurrence of catatonia in autistic people. Catatonia occurs in roughly 10 ... In addition to the common sign of catatonia (posturing, negativism, mutism, and stupor), autistic people with catatonia might ... Autistic catatonia is associated with more than 40 symptoms, many in common with autism.[citation needed] The most severe cases ... Alternatively, catatonia has been frequently observed in patients with severe anxiety. Because autism can cause individuals to ...
"Londinium" is a song by Welsh band Catatonia from their third studio album, Equally Cursed and Blessed (1999). It was written ... Owens, David (2000). Cerys, Catatonia and the Rise of Welsh Pop. London: Ebury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-0918-7412-4. (CS1 maint: ... Londinium (UK & Australian CD single liner notes). Catatonia. Blanco y Negro Records. 1999. NEG117CD, 3984290389.{{cite AV ... Catatonia. Blanco y Negro Records. 1999. 3984 270942.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link ...
"Catatonia - Greatest Hits". BBC. Retrieved 22 June 2020. "Catatonia - Greatest Hits". Entertainment.ie. Packed House Ltd. ... Catatonia weren't a great band, exactly their sound was too generically indie for that. But they had two major assets: their ... "Greatest Hits - Catatonia". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 June 2020. (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Articles with short description, ... Greatest Hits is a compilation album of Welsh alternative rock band Catatonia's best known songs, mainly the singles, but also ...
... is a compilation of singles and EPs released by the band Catatonia. It combined tracks from the ...
"Sweet Catatonia" "Lost Cat" (Single) "You've Got a Lot to Answer For" (Single) "Dimbran" (B-Side) "For Tinkerbell" (Single) " ... The Platinum Collection is a compilation album of Catatonia's songs ranging from 1994 to 2001. Unlike the previous compilation ... Catatonia (band) compilation albums, 2006 compilation albums, All stub articles, 2000s pop rock album stubs). ...
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SCZD10 gene. "Human PubMed ... "Entrez Gene: Schizophrenia disorder 10 (periodic catatonia)". Retrieved 2016-01-06. v t e (Articles with short description, ...
"Catatonia". Brits.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2020. "Tom Jones & Cerys* - Baby, It's ... "TOMMY D: Recording Catatonia's 'Dead From The Waist Down'", Sound on Sound, May 1999. Retrieved on 30 August 2014. "Home". ... He is best known for his work with artists such as Right Said Fred, Catatonia, KT Tunstall, Corinne Bailey Rae, and Graffiti6. ... His work with Wales alternative rock band Catatonia led to two chart-topping albums, 1998's International Velvet and 1999's ...
Catatonia. A History. In: Catatonia. A Clinician's Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ...
"International Velvet - Catatonia". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 January 2007. "Catatonia : Greatest Hits". NME. 27 August 2002. ... The song was Catatonia's first single in the United States. "Mulder and Scully" became the group's break-out hit and received a ... "Mulder and Scully" is a song by Welsh alternative rock band Catatonia, released as a single by Blanco y Negro Records from the ... The song reached number three on the UK Singles Chart, making it Catatonia's highest-charting UK song. It also became a hit in ...
"Catatonia". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 April 2016. Owens, David (2000). Cerys, Catatonia and the Rise of Welsh Pop. ... "Lost Cat" is a song recorded by the Welsh band Catatonia, taken from their first studio album, Way Beyond Blue. It was written ... Catatonia (band) songs, 1996 songs, Blanco y Negro Records singles, Songs written by Cerys Matthews, Songs written by Mark ...
"Catatonia". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 April 2016. "Troubled Catatonia split up". BBC News. 21 September 2001. ... Mark, Timothy (12 September 2005). "Catatonia: Stone by Stone". Retrieved 2 April 2016. James, Cyd. "CATATONIA - STONE BY STONE ... "Stone by Stone" is a song recorded by the Welsh band Catatonia, taken from their fourth studio album, Paper Scissors Stone. It ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Catatonia (band) songs, 2001 singles, 2001 songs, ...
"Strange Glue" is a song by Welsh rock group Catatonia. Written by guitarist Owen Powell, it was the band's fourth single to be ... The song is a scathing attack on Catatonia's American label, Warner, written in 1997 when the band feared that they were to be ... Strange Glue (UK CD single liner notes). Catatonia. Blanco y Negro Records. 1998. NEG113CD.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: ... Studio Recorded at Monnow Valley Studios (Rockfield, Wales) Personnel Owen Powell - writing Catatonia - writing, production ...
Catatonia played at the Barrowland Ballroom in Glasgow, Scotland, shortly after the release of "Road Rage" as the support act ... We simply do not need songs like this". Catatonia's lead singer Cerys Matthews said that while the title of the song was based ... It later appeared on the best of collection by their label Blanco y Negro Records, Catatonia Greatest Hits. The title of "Road ... "British single certifications - Catatonia - Road Rage". British Phonographic Industry. (CS1 maint: others in cite AV media ( ...
After Catatonia split, Roberts worked as a record producer before co-founding Welsh rock band Sherbet Antlers with former ... He then met Cerys Matthews and formed Catatonia along with Paul Jones. Roberts claimed for a number of years that he had ... In Catatonia, Roberts shared main songwriting duties with Matthews, whilst also playing guitar and providing backing vocals. ... "Biography: Catatonia". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 May 2010. "North Wales: Ca - Cl , link2wales.co.uk". Link2wales.co.uk. Retrieved ...
Camp Catatonia". campcatatonia.org. "History and scope of the Chinese collections". Bodleian Library. Archived from the ...
Paper Scissors Stone was the fourth and final album by Welsh band Catatonia. It was released on 6 August 2001 in the UK, and ... "Catatonia - Paper Scissors Stone". Dotmusic. Archived from the original on 7 January 2003. Sullivan, Caroline (3 August 2001 ... Gill, Andy (3 August 2001). "Album: Catatonia". The Independent. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. Retrieved 26 April ... Carey, Anna (29 July 2001). "Catatonia: Papers Scissors Stone". Sunday Tribune. "Cerys's health forces tour cancellation". BBC ...
"Australiancharts.com - Catatonia - International Velvet". Hung Medien. Retrieved 25 April 2015. "Charts.nz - Catatonia - ... "International Velvet - Catatonia". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 July 2009. Sullivan, Caroline (30 January 1998). "Catatonia: ... The album was Catatonia's first release in the United States by the Vapor label owned by Neil Young, but it did not chart and ... Catatonia were originally formed in 1992 with Mark Roberts and singer Cerys Matthews being part of the band that released the ...
"Catatonia Artist Biography". Allmusic. Bekkala, Steve (February 4, 2002). "Catherine". AllMusic. Retrieved June 9, 2011. ... Flip Canterbury The Cardigans Caribou Carolina Liar Carter the Unstoppable Sex Machine Cast The Cat Empire Cat Power Catatonia ...
Catatonia? Culture-Bound?". Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 10: 7. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00007. PMC 4731541. PMID ...
On 29 January, the band released the next single from the album, "Catatonia", which harks back to their earlier heavier sound. ... "A New Song From The Amity Affliction Surfaced... Check Out 'Catatonia'". Wall of Sound. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January ...
The 1998 Catatonia song "Road Rage" was partially inspired by the murder. Maureen Harvey, Lee's mother, has written a book ... "Catatonia: Road Rage". freepages.rootsweb.com. "Crime & Trial: Rage On The Road" - via soundcloud.com. Harvey, Maureen (May ...
Catatonia were formed in 1992, after Matthews met Mark Roberts. She subsequently sang lead vocals on, and co-wrote the music ... "MUSIC , Troubled Catatonia split up". BBC News. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 1 July 2017. "pet shop boys et cerys matthews à ... She was a founding member of Welsh rock band Catatonia and a leading figure in the "Cool Cymru" movement of the late 1990s. ... After Catatonia's rise to fame with their second album International Velvet, and subsequent success with Equally Cursed and ...
When Catatonia Greatest Hits was released in 2002, "Game On" was described as "filler" in a review on BBC Wales. Catatonia ... "Catatonia: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 January 2023. Owens, David (2000). Cerys, Catatonia And ... "Game On" is a song by Welsh alternative rock band Catatonia, released as the fifth and final single from their second studio ... "Catatonia - Greatest Hits". BBC Wales. Retrieved 2 April 2016. Bychawski, Adam (27 April 1999). "Welsh Assembled". NME. ...
Catatonia with inability to speak is responsive to lorazepam. Symptoms may recur and treatment for some days may be necessary. ... Catatonia due to abrupt or overly rapid withdrawal from benzodiazepines, as part of the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, ... Rosebush PI, Mazurek MF (1996). "Catatonia after benzodiazepine withdrawal". Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 16 (4): ... Benzodiazepines in the treatment of catatonia]. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie (in Dutch). 48 (3): 235-239. PMID 16956088. ...
"Troubled Catatonia split up". BBC News. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 11 January 2021. The Scotsman, 11 July 2001 "Lawrence ... Welsh band Catatonia split up amicably, and after Cerys Matthews' treatment in rehab for alcohol and smoking problems. 1 ...
Kanemoto, Kousuke; Miyamoto, Toshio; Abe, Ryuji (1999). "Ictal catatonia as a manifestation of de novo absence status ... Rosebush, Patricia I.; Mazurek, Michael F. (1996). "Catatonia After Benzodiazepine Withdrawal". Journal of Clinical ... Deuschle, M.F.; Lederbogen, F (2001). "Benzodiazepine Withdrawal - Induced Catatonia". Pharmacopsychiatry. 34 (1): 41-2. doi: ... Tachycardia Tinnitus Tremor Visual disturbances Rapid discontinuation may result in a more serious syndrome Catatonia, ...
There are several subtypes of catatonia: akinetic catatonia, excited catatonia, malignant catatonia, and delirious mania. ... 109 Catatonia associated with schizophreniform disorder: 111 Catatonia associated with schizoaffective disorder: 121 Catatonia ... Malignant Catatonia: Malignant catatonia is a life-threatening condition that may progress rapidly within a few days. It is ... Chronic catatonia-like breakdown or autistic catatonia refers to a functional decline seen in some patients with pre-existing ...
Catatonia is a state of apparent unresponsiveness to external stimuli in a person who is apparently awake. It occurs in ... People with catatonia apparently are at increased risk for death from thromboembolic diseases. [63] Adults with catatonia and ... Catatonia associated with another mental disorder (catatonia specifier) is indicated when the 3 or more features are present ... Catatonia appears in 35% of individuals with schizophrenia, but the majority of catatonia cases are associated with depressive ...
... to illustrate the clinical phenomena in catatonia, to later expand to catatonia as a syndrome, with its different causes. We ... In 2022, the ICD -11 (in February) and DMS -5-TR (in June) have updated their criteria and views on catatonia. In this lecture ... Catatonia remains a very enigmatic neuropsychiatric disorder. Probably, its own conception is confusing, victim of a ... Something is moving in Catatonia.. Add to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal ...
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... p/s 1 For Tinkerbell 2 New Mercurial Heights 3 Dimbran 4 Sweet Catatonia 5 Gyda Gwên (New Mercurial Heights - Welsh Mix) ...
Thirty (68.2%) of the 44 participants with catatonia provided data on their experience of catatonia. Twenty-three were males ( ... In this study we investigated the emotive and cognitive experience of patients with catatonia during a prevalence study in an ... These were found to occur frequently in patients with catatonia when describing their psychological experience. These ... Forty-four (18.3%) of the total 241 participants who were assessed had catatonia. ...
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OPIOID HELL: The zombies of a USA city with a hopeless addiction thats set to come to UK. A CITY ravaged by an opioid epidemic last night gave a chilling warning to the UK in the wake of reports about the painkiller time bomb now facing Britain. East Liverpool, which sits on the Ohio River, has suffered a virtual Apocalypse, with overdosed bodies in ditches and others left abandoned in the street.. By GREG WOODFIELD PUBLISHED: Mar 19, 2018. More than 100 comatose opioid addicts have been tossed out of moving cars at the entrance to the city hospital in the hope they will get emergency treatment.. Brian Allen, the citys safety director, warned UK police and health chiefs: "Wake up to the perils of opioids right now, or they will destroy your communities.. "Britain has got to be aggressive in the way it tackles this addiction threat.". He blamed doctors for over prescribing opioid drugs, such as tramadol, and the synthetic painkiller fentanyl.. "Our epidemic totally caught us by surprise," Mr ...
Catatonia is a state of apparent unresponsiveness to external stimuli in a person who is apparently awake. It occurs in ... People with catatonia apparently are at increased risk for death from thromboembolic diseases. [46] Adults with catatonia and ... Catatonia associated with another mental disorder (catatonia specifier) is indicated when the 3 or more features are present ... Catatonia appears in 35% of individuals with schizophrenia, but the majority of catatonia cases are associated with depressive ...
CERİT C., tüzün B., akpınar E., Sahan E., -Clozapine Withdrawal Catatonia Refractory to ECT: A Case Report-, KLINIK ...
Catatonia. II. Treatment with lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy. / Bush, G.; Fink, M.; Petrides, G. et al. In: Acta ... Catatonia. II. Treatment with lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy. In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1996 ; Vol. 93, No. ... Catatonia. II. Treatment with lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1996;93(2):137-143. doi ... Bush, G., Fink, M., Petrides, G., Dowling, F., & Francis, A. (1996). Catatonia. II. Treatment with lorazepam and ...
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The polysemous concepts of psychomotricity and catatonia: A European multi-consensus perspective. / Foucher, J.R.; Jeanjean, L. ... The polysemous concepts of psychomotricity and catatonia: A European multi-consensus perspective. In: European ... N2 - Current classification systems use the terms "catatonia" and "psychomotor phenomena" as mere a-theoretical descriptors, ... AB - Current classification systems use the terms "catatonia" and "psychomotor phenomena" as mere a-theoretical descriptors, ...
Rajagopal, S. (2007). Catatonia. Advancesin Psychiatric Treatment, 13, 51-59. http://apt.rcpsych.org/content/aptrcpsych/13/1/51 ...
Two very strange UFO occupant reports taken from the 1977 English documentary - the first one involves a lady and her two sons witnessing a UFO (and occupants) over her house in Staffordshire, 1954 and the second video features testimony from a couple in Winchester who state their vehicle was...
Catatonia. Catatonia, a syndrome with diverse motoric and behavioral signs, is seen most often in patients with general medical ... Catatonia in DSM-5. Schizophr Res. 2013;150(1):26-30. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2013.04.034 PubMed ... Electroconvulsive therapy can also be used to treat patients with depression (that is refractory to medications) or catatonia. ... Some of the aforementioned signs associated with catatonia can be considered as, or confused with, regressive behavior. ...
Central Nervous System: Reversible mental depression progressing to catatonia; an acute reversible syndrome characterized by ...
... catatonia, treatment of catatonia, electroconvulsive therapy and catatonia, benzodiazepines and catatonia, clinical case ... catatonia, treatment of catatonia, electroconvulsive therapy and catatonia, benzodiazepines and catatonia, clinical case ... catatonia, treatment of catatonia, electroconvulsive therapy and catatonia, benzodiazepines and catatonia, clinical case ... "Catatonia and Prediction of Response to ECT." ,i>Psychiatric Annals,/i> 32 (1).,detail:null,doiId:null,doiUrl:null, ...
Catatonia. Dead From The Waist Down. 29. Suede. Electricity. 30. Blackstreet With Janet. Girlfriend / Boyfriend. ...
... catatonia; a prolonged or severe manic episode, and most importantly, only when informed consent has been given by the patient ... catatonia; a prolonged or severe manic episode, and most importantly, only when informed consent has been given by the patient ...
Catatonia. 04. Clarity Through Deprivation. 05. Effigy of the Forgotten. 06. Breeding the Spawn. 07. Funeral Inception. 08. ...
Catatonia. Video Title. Road Rage. Album: Vox Pops Presents 1990s. Artist/Group. Corrs. Video Title. What Can I Do. ...
01 - Julia Jacklin - "Dead From The Waist Down (Catatonia cover)". 02 - Courtney Barnett - "Boxing Day Blues (Demo)". 03 - ...
Life-threatening conditions in psychiatry: catatonia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and serotonin syndrome. In: Stern TA, ...
Within 24 hours, seizures and catatonia developed in the patient. An electroencephalogram showed diffuse wave form slowing. A ...
Mader, E. C., Jr., et al. (2020). Benzodiazepine withdrawal catatonia, delirium, and seizures in a patient with schizoaffective ...
Chapter 9. Psychosis, Mania, and Catatonia. *Chapter 10. Anxiety Disorders. *Chapter 11. Somatic Symptom Disorder and Illness ...
catatonia, confusional state, somnambulism, blunted affect, anorgasmia. sleep-related eating disorder. Nervous system disorders ...
I.V. Catatonia: 20 Years As A Two-Time Cancer Survivor by Eric Alexandrakis ...
  • There are several subtypes of catatonia: akinetic catatonia, excited catatonia, malignant catatonia, and delirious mania. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malignant Catatonia: Malignant catatonia is a life-threatening condition that may progress rapidly within a few days. (wikipedia.org)
  • The signs and symptoms of malignant catatonia overlap significantly with neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and so a careful history, review of medications, and physical exam are critical to properly differentiate these conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • When nonconvulsive status epilepticus, diffuse encephalopathy, and other neurologic disorders are ruled out, electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) is indicated for patients who do not respond to pharmacotherapy within 5 days or who manifest malignant catatonia. (medscape.com)
  • citation needed] Because most patients with catatonia have an underlying psychiatric illness, the majority will present with worsening depression, mania, or psychosis followed by catatonia symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 1 ] There are 3 types: (1) catatonia associated with another mental disorder (catatonia specifier), (2) catatonic disorder due to another medical condition, and (3) unspecified catatonia. (medscape.com)
  • Catatonia is a severe psychomotor disorder that presents as abnormality of movement which may also be excessive or severely slowed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Catatonia is a psychomotor abnormality that presents mainly with prominent psychomotor abnormalities that include excessive movement, significantly decreased movement and abnormal movement [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Current classification systems use the terms "catatonia" and "psychomotor phenomena" as mere a-theoretical descriptors, forgetting about their theoretical embedment. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • They distinguished 8 psychomotor phenotypes of which only 7 are catatonias. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • The onset of catatonia can be acute or subtle and symptoms can wax, wane, or change during episodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presentation of a patient with catatonia varies greatly depending on the subtype and underlying cause, and can be acute or subtle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Catatonia can be acute and occur in severely ill patients with underlying psychiatric or other medical disorders. (medscape.com)
  • In this study we investigated the emotive and cognitive experience of patients with catatonia during a prevalence study in an acute mental health unit from August 2020 to September 2021. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ethical approval was received from the Nelson Mandela University Human Research Committee and convenience sampling was undertaken to recruit participants admitted into an acute mental health unit with catatonia, four to eight weeks after discharge, following admission. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Acute catatonia]. (bvsalud.org)
  • Catatonia is not a stand-alone diagnosis (although some experts disagree), and the term is used to describe a feature of the underlying disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Catatonia remains a very enigmatic neuropsychiatric disorder. (cam.ac.uk)
  • It has historically been related to schizophrenia (catatonic schizophrenia), but catatonia is most often seen in mood disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initially conceptualised as an independent clinical entity, catatonia was quickly amalgamated with schizophrenia in the central European tradition initiated by Kraepelin and Bleuler and confined there. (cam.ac.uk)
  • More recently, the sensorimotor approach has drawn on neuroscience to redefine the motor signs and symptoms observed in psychoses.In 1874, Karl Kahlbaum conceived catatonia as a brain disease emphasizing its somatic - particularly motor - features. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • Finding Catatonia Requires Knowing What to Look for Unlike common psychiatric syndromes, such as major depression, that are characterized by self-report of symptoms, catatonia is identified chiefly by empirically evaluated signs on clinical evaluation. (medscape.com)
  • The presence of catatonia , often in fact a mania syndrome in severe cases, is probably the best predictor despite all of those suggestive symptoms-which again, in a given individual, are often not particularly helpful. (medscape.com)
  • In 2022, the ICD -11 (in February) and DMS -5-TR (in June) have updated their criteria and views on catatonia. (cam.ac.uk)
  • We will then move into the epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment of catatonia. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Catatonia is a complex neuropsychiatric behavioral syndrome that is characterized by abnormal movements, immobility, abnormal behaviors, and withdrawal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this lecture, and the take home message, I will first define catatonia as if it were a distinct entity, to illustrate the clinical phenomena in catatonia, to later expand to catatonia as a syndrome, with its different causes. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Withdrawn Catatonia: This form of catatonia is characterized by decreased response to external stimuli, immobility or inhibited movement, mutism, staring, posturing, and negativism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Catatonia is a state of apparent unresponsiveness to external stimuli and apparent inability to move normally in a person who is apparently awake. (medscape.com)
  • Treatment with benzodiazepines or ECT can lead to remission of catatonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was also ambivalence, which correlates with one of the signs that may be observed in catatonia, namely ambitendency. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thorough review of old records is needed to figure out possible causes of the behaviors of people with catatonia. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with catatonia describe experiencing very intense emotional states. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 6 ] went on to categorize domains for assessment of the subjective experience of catatonia, which included the patient's subjective description of their altered motor function, their interaction with their environment, and their emotional and cognitive experiences during the catatonic episode. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These were found to occur frequently in patients with catatonia when describing their psychological experience. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In an emergency setting, treatable common causes of catatonia must be rapidly considered and ruled out. (medscape.com)
  • citation needed] Other forms: Periodic catatonia is an inconsistently defined entity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outcome was monitored quantitatively during the treatment phase with the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS). (psu.edu)
  • Case material and retrospective studies support the use of both lorazepam and ECT in treating catatonia, but few prospective investigations exist and none employ quantitative monitoring of response. (psu.edu)
  • Twenty-eight patients with catatonia were treated systematically with parenteral and/or oral lorazepam for up to 5 days, and with ECT if lorazepam failed. (psu.edu)
  • Neither demographic variables nor severity of catatonia predicted response to lorazepam. (psu.edu)
  • It is concluded that lorazepam and ECT are effective treatments for catatonia. (psu.edu)
  • Catatonia presents as a motor disturbance in which patients will display marked reduction in movement, marked agitation, or a mixture of both despite having the physical capacity to move normally. (wikipedia.org)
  • It should not be assumed that patients presenting with catatonia are unaware of their surroundings as some patients can recall in detail their catatonic state and their actions. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6 ] paper on the subjective experience of catatonia, 24 patients with catatonia provided self-reports at the 3-week point following an episode of catatonia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The alternative presentation of catatonia is an excited state, possibly with impulsivity, combativeness, and autonomic instability. (medscape.com)
  • Shorter and Fink [ 8 ] and Moskowitz [ 9 ] characterized catatonia as a state of extreme fear that manifests as freezing, like that seen in some animals who respond with immobility or freezing when faced with danger. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These experiences may possibly relate to the flight, fight, freeze and fawn response, as described in prior studies on the subjective experience of catatonia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For example, if the patient has waxy flexibility and holds a position against gravity when passively moved into that position, then it is likely catatonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within 24 hours, seizures and catatonia developed in the patient. (cdc.gov)