An infraorder of PRIMATES comprised of the families CERCOPITHECIDAE (old world monkeys); HYLOBATIDAE (siamangs and GIBBONS); and HOMINIDAE (great apes and HUMANS). With the exception of humans, they all live exclusively in Africa and Asia.
A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.
A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.
Diseases of animals within the order PRIMATES. This term includes diseases of Haplorhini and Strepsirhini.
The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Stereotyped patterns of response, characteristic of a given species, that have been phylogenetically adapted to a specific type of situation.
The adaptation of therapeutic approaches such as pharmacological (DRUG CHRONOTHERAPY), surgical, radiological, or physical to the known variations in biological RHYTHMICITY, such as CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS. The treatment is aimed at supporting normal rhythms, or modifying the timing of therapy to achieve maximal efficacy and minimal adverse effect.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Borneo.
This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.
The pygmy chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. Its common name is Bonobo, which was once considered a separate genus by some; others considered it a subspecies of PAN TROGLODYTES. Its range is confined to the forests of the central Zaire basin. Despite its name, it is often of equal size to P. troglodytes.
A genus of orangutans in the family HOMINIDAE, comprising two species. Among the PRIMATES, the orangutan is second in size only to the gorilla (GORILLA GORILLA).
The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.
A family of DNA binding proteins that regulate expression of a variety of GENES during CELL DIFFERENTIATION and APOPTOSIS. Family members contain a highly conserved carboxy-terminal basic HELIX-TURN-HELIX MOTIF involved in dimerization and sequence-specific DNA binding.
A multiprotein complex composed of the products of c-jun and c-fos proto-oncogenes. These proteins must dimerize in order to bind to the AP-1 recognition site, also known as the TPA-responsive element (TRE). AP-1 controls both basal and inducible transcription of several genes.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).
A family of the suborder HAPLORHINI comprising only one genus, HYLOBATES (also called Nomascus or Symphalangus).
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.

The approximately 30-million-year-old ERVPb1 envelope gene is evolutionarily conserved among hominoids and Old World monkeys. (1/17)

Most human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are ancient and their genes are rendered nonfunctional by debilitating mutations. One exception is a recently discovered envelope gene located on chromosome 14. This envelope protein was also recently shown to be expressed in various human tissues and to mediate cell-cell fusion ex vivo. In this study, we demonstrate that this locus (designated ERVPb1) is preserved in Old World monkeys and that the reading frame is maintained. This is congruent with the entry of the HERV-P(b) group between 27 and 36 million years ago as suggested by long terminal repeat divergence. Although the coding capacity is generally lost in the HERV-IP supergroup, the analysis of nucleotide substitutions, lack of stop codons, and single-nucleotide polymorephisms strongly indicates a selective advantage of the ERVPb1 envelope genes during primate evolution. The purifying selection and tissue-specific expression of the human ERVPb1 envelope gene provide strong evidence of a beneficial role for the host.  (+info)

Functional morphology of the first cervical vertebra in humans and nonhuman primates. (2/17)

The cervical vertebral column bears or balances the weight of the head supported by the nuchal muscles that partly originate from the cervical vertebrae. The position of the head relative to the vertebral column, and consequently locomotion and posture behavior, could thus be associated with the form of the cervical vertebrae. In spite of this assumption and some empirical indications along these lines, primate vertebral morphologies have been reported to be very similar and not clearly related to locomotion. We therefore study the relationship between the morphology of the first cervical vertebra, the atlas, and the locomotion pattern within primates using a geometric morphometric approach. Our analysis is based on a total of 116 vertebrae of adult Homo sapiens, Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Hylobates lar, Macaca mulatta, Papio hamadryas, Ateles geoffroyi, and Alouatta palliata. On each atlas, 56 landmarks were digitized and superimposed by Procrustes registration. The resulting shape variables were analyzed by principal component analysis, multivariate regression, and partial least-squares analysis. We found that the nine primate species differ clearly in their atlas morphology and that allometric shape change is distinct between the nonhuman primates and Homo sapiens. We could further identify morphological features that relate to the species' locomotion pattern. Human atlas shape, however, cannot be predicted by an extrapolation of the nonhuman primate model. This implies that either the primate atlas is generalized enough to allow bipedal locomotion or else the human atlas morphology is a unique adaptation different from that in the more orthograde nonhuman primates.  (+info)

Functionally important glycosyltransferase gain and loss during catarrhine primate emergence. (3/17)

A glycosyltransferase, alpha1,3galactosyltransferase, catalyzes the terminal step in biosynthesis of Galalpha1,3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-R (alphaGal), an oligosaccharide cell surface epitope. This epitope or antigenically similar epitopes are widely distributed among the different forms of life. Although abundant in most mammals, alphaGal is not normally found in catarrhine primates (Old World monkeys and apes, including humans), all of which produce anti-alphaGal antibodies from infancy onward. Natural selection favoring enhanced resistance to alphaGal-positive pathogens has been the primary reason offered to account for the loss of alphaGal in catarrhines. Here, we question the primacy of this immune defense hypothesis with results that elucidate the evolutionary history of GGTA1 gene and pseudogene loci. One such locus, GGTA1P, a processed (intronless) pseudogene (PPG), is present in platyrrhines, i.e., New World monkeys, and catarrhines but not in prosimians. PPG arose in an early ancestor of anthropoids (catarrhines and platyrrhines), and GGTA1 itself became an unprocessed pseudogene in the late catarrhine stem lineage. Strong purifying selection, denoted by low nonsynonymous substitutions per nonsynonymous site/synonymous substitutions per synonymous site values, preserved GGTA1 in noncatarrhine mammals, indicating that the functional gene product is subjected to considerable physiological constraint. Thus, we propose that a pattern of alternative and/or more beneficial glycosyltransferase activity had to first evolve in the stem catarrhines before GGTA1 inactivation could occur. Enhanced defense against alphaGal-positive pathogens could then have accelerated the replacement of alphaGal-positive catarrhines by alphaGal-negative catarrhines. However, we emphasize that positively selected regulatory changes in sugar chain metabolism might well have contributed in a major way to catarrhine origins.  (+info)

Evolutionary history of chromosome 11 featuring four distinct centromere repositioning events in Catarrhini. (4/17)

Panels of BAC clones used in FISH experiments allow a detailed definition of chromosomal marker arrangement and orientation during evolution. This approach has disclosed the centromere repositioning phenomenon, consisting in the activation of a novel, fully functional centromere in an ectopic location, concomitant with the inactivation of the old centromere. In this study, appropriate panels of BAC clones were used to track the chromosome 11 evolutionary history in primates and nonprimate boreoeutherian mammals. Chromosome 11 synteny was found to be highly conserved in both primate and boreoeutherian mammalian ancestors. Amazingly, we detected four centromere repositioning events in primates (in Old World monkeys, in gibbons, in orangutans, and in the Homo-Pan-Gorilla (H-P-G) clade ancestor), and one in Equidae. Both H-P-G and Lar gibbon novel centromeres were flanked by large duplicons with high sequence similarity. Outgroup species analysis revealed that this duplicon was absent in phylogenetically more distant primates. The chromosome 11 ancestral centromere was probably located near the HSA11q telomere. The domain of this inactivated centromere, in humans, is almost devoid of segmental duplications. An inversion occurred in chromosome 11 in the common ancestor of H-P-G. A large duplicon, again absent in outgroup species, was found located adjacent to the inversion breakpoints. In Hominoidea, almost all the five largest duplicons of this chromosome appeared involved in significant evolutionary architectural changes.  (+info)

Nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck trabecular architecture and its relationship to locomotor mode. (5/17)

Functional analyses of human and nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck structure have largely ignored the trabecular bone. We tested hypotheses regarding differences in the relative distribution and structural anisotropy of trabecular bone in the femoral neck of quadrupedal and climbing/suspensory anthropoids. We used high-resolution X-ray computed tomography to analyze quantitatively the femoral neck trabecular structure of Ateles geoffroyi, Symphalangus syndactylus, Alouatta seniculus, Colobus guereza, Macaca fascicularis, and Papio cynocephalus (n = 46). We analyzed a size-scaled superior and inferior volume of interest (VOI) in the femoral neck. The ratio of the superior to inferior VOI bone volume fraction indicated that the distribution of trabecular bone was inferiorly skewed in most (but not all) quadrupeds and evenly distributed the climbing/suspensory species, but interspecific comparisons indicated that all taxa overlapped in these measurements. Degree of anisotropy values were generally higher in the inferior VOI of all species and the results for the two climbing/suspensory taxa, A. geoffroyi (1.71 +/- 0.30) and S. syndactylus (1.55 +/- 0.04), were similar to the results for the quadrupedal anthropoids, C. guereza (male = 1.64 +/- 0.13; female = 1.68 +/- 0.07) and P. cynocephalus (1.47 +/- 0.13). These results suggest strong trabecular architecture similarity across body sizes, anthropoid phylogenetic backgrounds, and locomotor mode. This structural similarity might be explained by greater similarity in anthropoid hip joint loading mechanics than previously considered. It is likely that our current models of anthropoid hip joint mechanics are overly simplistic.  (+info)

A remarkable female cranium of the early Oligocene anthropoid Aegyptopithecus zeuxis (Catarrhini, Propliopithecidae). (6/17)

The most complete and best-preserved cranium of a Paleogene anthropoid ever found, that of a small female of the early Oligocene ( approximately 29-30 Ma) stem catarrhine species Aegyptopithecus zeuxis, was recovered from the Jebel Qatrani Formation (Fayum Depression, Egypt) in 2004. The specimen is that of a subadult and, in craniodental dimensions, is the smallest Aegyptopithecus individual known. High-resolution computed tomographic (microCT) scanning of the specimen's well preserved cranial vault confirms that Aegyptopithecus had relatively unexpanded frontal lobes and a brain-to-body mass ratio lower than those of living anthropoids. MicroCT scans of a male cranium recovered in 1966 [Egyptian Geological Museum, Cairo (CGM) 40237] reveal that previous estimates of its endocranial volume were too large. Thus, some amount of encephalization evolved independently in platyrrhine and catarrhine anthropoids, and the relative brain size of the last common ancestor of crown Anthropoidea was probably strepsirrhine-like or smaller. A. zeuxis shows extreme sexual dimorphism in craniodental morphology (apparently to a degree otherwise seen only in some highly dimorphic Miocene catarrhines), and the crania of female Aegyptopithecus lack a number of morphological features seen in larger males that have been accorded phylogenetic significance in catarrhine systematics (e.g., a well developed rostrum, elongate sagittal crest, and frontal trigon). Although a unique pattern of craniofacial sexual dimorphism may have characterized advanced stem and basal crown catarrhines, expression of various allegedly "discrete" craniofacial features may have been intraspecifically variable in early catarrhine species due to high levels of dimorphism and so should be treated with caution in phylogenetic analyses.  (+info)

Mating system and avpr1a promoter variation in primates. (7/17)

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A quantitative method for the evaluation of three-dimensional structure of temporal bone pneumatization. (8/17)

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TY - JOUR. T1 - Ontogenetic change in temporal bone pneumatization in humans. AU - Hill, Cheryl A. PY - 2011/7. Y1 - 2011/7. N2 - Pneumatization of the temporal bone is often included in descriptions of fossils and as a phylogenetic marker, but a number of questions about the evolution, growth, and development of the trait remain. Many studies have analyzed temporal bone pneumatization from a clinical perspective, but a systematic quantification of normal development of pneumatized spaces has not been conducted. In this study, ontogenetic change in the size and organization of temporal bone pneumatization is analyzed in a cross-sectional sample of humans. High resolution computed tomography scans of the temporal bone were acquired from a cross-sectional sample of humans (N = 28). Bone volume fractions, anisotropy, trabecular number, trabecular thickness, surface area, and volume were analyzed to provide information about the organization and size of pneumatized spaces across ontogeny. The ...
New fossil discovery sinks evolutionary theories watch video, Adnan Oktars comments and opinions about New fossil discovery sinks evolutionary theories, watch related articles, videos, interviews and documentries for New fossil discovery sinks evolutionary theories, share on facebook, share on twitter
The Aegyptopithecus zeuxis skull was first discovered in the Egyptian Faiyum Depression by E. Simons team in 1966. A. zeuxis is probably the best known of the propliopithecids (believed to be an ancestor of Old World monkeys and hominoids). 29 MYA.
Andrews, P. 1996. Palaeoecology and hominoid palaeoenvironments. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 71:257-300.. Arnason, U., A. Gullberg, A. Janke, and X. F. Xu. 1996. Pattern and timing of evolutionary divergences among hominoids based on analyses of complete mtDNAs. Journal of Molecular Evolution 43:650-661.. Benefit, B. R. 1999. Victoriapithecus: The key to old world monkey and catarrhine origins. Evolutionary Anthropology 7:155-174.. Benefit, B. R. and M. L. McCrossin. 1997. Earliest known Old World monkey skull. Nature 388:368-371.. Caccone, A. and J. R. Powell. 1989. DNA divergence among hominoids. Evolution 43:925-942.. Collard, M. and B. Wood. 2000. How reliable are human phylogenetic hypotheses? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 97:5003-5006.. Cowlishaw, G. and J. E. Hacker. 1997. Distribution, diversity, and latitude in African primates. American Naturalist 150:505-512.. Gibbs, S., M. Collard, and B. Wood. 2000. Soft-tissue characters in ...
Homologues of the human being major histocompatibility complex (MHC) loci are present in all the Catarrhini (Old World primates, apes, and humans), and some of their allelic lineages have survived several speciation events. loci in genera of this phyletic group. Additionally, the Callitrichinae genera exhibit limited variability of their MHC class I genes, in contrast to the high variability displayed by all other primates. Each Callitrichinae genus, therefore, expresses its own set of MHC class I genes, suggesting that an unusually Taxol inhibition high rate of turnover of loci occurs in this subfamily. The limited variability of MHC class I genes in the Callitrichinae is likely the result of the recent origin of these loci. Among the hallmarks of the main histocompatibility complicated (MHC) may be the high polymorphism and intralocus variability of its loci (1). At the individual classical MHC course I locus are remarkably well preserved through the entire infraorder Catarrhini (Aged Globe ...
Conventional geology assumes that different rock layers represent different periods of time. Paleontologists assess the age of fossilized creatures by the rock layers in which they are found. So, a fossil found in a lower rock layer is considered to have lived in a much earlier time than one found in a higher (younger) stratum.. But frequently, fossils of the same creatures are discovered in rock layers far above or below the layers in which they were initially found. Very often, they are discovered in almost exactly the same form in both places, and they even look just like their living counterparts.1 That forces evolutionary scientists to constantly reassess the time periods assigned to fossilized life forms.. The Institute for Creation Research has reported on several fossil discoveries that have challenged conventional evolutionary timescales, including a spider web trapped in an amber deposit that was located in a rock layer supposedly 100 million years older than the time spiders were ...
Palaeontology Dictionary - Fossil Discovery Guide: Android app (4.2 ★, 10,000+ downloads) → Do you want to know about our evolution? Do you want to know where we all...
Volunteering for the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre offers to be a learning and rewarding experience. As a non profit organization, the day to day operation of the Centre often depends on volunteers to assist in various ways.. The CFDC offers a great reward program for our volunteers.. ...
Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. ...
Of all his known works it would be expected that this quality would have appeared best in his famous picture of Helen of Troy. Quintilian states that in respect of robustness of types Zeuxis had followed Homer, while there is the fact that he had inscribed two verses of the Iliad under his figure of Helen. As models for the picture he was allowed the presence of five of the most beautiful maidens of Croton at his own request, in order that he might be able to transfer the truth of life to a mute image. Cicero assumed that Zeuxis had found distributed among these five women the various perfect elements that went to make up a figure of ideal beauty. It should not, however, be understood that the painter had made up his figure by the process of combining the good points of various models, but rather that he found among those models the points that answered to the ideal Helen in his own mind, and that he merely required the models to guide and correct himself by during the process of transferring ...
Stringer played a pivotal role in the formulation of a Recent African Origin model for Homo sapiens - the species to which everyone alive today belongs. By suggesting that we had a single and recent origin in Africa, he was opposing the 1980s trend towards a multiregional model for human origins, which had originally been proposed by Franz Weidenreich in the 1930s. Weidenreich suggested that each population of Homo erectus around the world had evolved into its own variant of Homo sapiens, with its own distinctive racial characteristics. Both the Recent African Origin and the multiregional model come in several variants, but the basic contrast has framed research into human origins throughout the last three decades. That research has been diverse: new fossil discoveries and archaeological excavations, new dating methods, new procedures for the extraction of ancient DNA and so on. Stringers account is made all the more impressive by his having been involved in so many groundbreaking projects of ...
Though the elbow is similarly adapted for stability through a wide range of pronation-supination and flexion-extension in all apes, there are some minor differences. In arboreal apes such as orangutans, the large forearm muscles originating on the epicondyles of the humerus generate significant transverse forces on the elbow joint. The structure to resist these forces is a pronounced keel on the trochlear notch on the ulna, which is more flattened in, for example, humans and gorillas. In knuckle-walkers, on the other hand, the elbow has to deal with large vertical loads passing through extended forearms and the joint is therefore more expanded to provide larger articular surfaces perpendicular to those forces.[34]. Derived traits in catarrhini (apes and Old World monkeys) elbows include the loss of the entepicondylar foramen (a hole in the distal humerus), a non-translatory (rotation-only) humeroulnar joint, and a more robust ulna with a shortened trochlear notch.[35]. The proximal radioulnar ...
June 6 - The long-held belief that primates began their evolution in Africa has been called into question following the discovery in China, of the oldest known primate fossil. An international team of researchers announced in this months Nature journal, the discovery of Archicebus achilles eleven years after it was found and more than 55 million years after it died. Rob Muir reports.
The original paper catalogue mentions six (6) or possibly even twelve (12) Vertebrae belonging to this specimen and that all of them would have been stored in Drawer 523. However, at the time of this specimens entry into the CFDC digital database, only five (5) total Vertebrae were located in Drawer 523. Whereabouts of any other vertebrae associated with this specimen are unknown ...
Everything young scientists need to create cool dino fossils! Kids choose from 10 lifelike dinosaur skeletons to mold in air-dry clay-then paint, label & study their creations! 10 skeletons come with 10 fossil nameplates, air-dry clay, a paintbrush and paint block. Longest skeleton measures 3 3/4.
Researchers in Gabon are studying fossils containing signs of life dating back two billion years. To the un-trained eye, they are just stones. But
Science: Clams stored in basement of museum trigger finding. It means that Arctic-Atlantic and Pacific marine animals were commingling far earlier than once thought.
Corticospinal projection patterns following unilateral section of the cervical spinal cord in the newborn and juvenile macaque monkey Journal Articles ...
Cladonychiidae, Cheiragonidae, Catarrhini, Castorimorpha, Caproidae, Camelini, Bolma, Bathygadus, Atlanta, gastropod, Astrononion, Arctoidea, Araliaceae, Tyto
Bornavirus (BDV) owes its name to the town of Borna, Germany, where a virus epidemic in 1885 wiped out a regiment of cavalry horses. BDV infects a range of birds and mammals, including humans. It is unique because it infects only neurons, establishing a persistent infection in its hosts brain, and its entire life cycle takes place in the nucleus of the infected cells. Feschotte said this intimate association of BDV with the cell nucleus prompted researchers to investigate whether bornaviruses may have left behind a record of past infection in the form of endogenous elements. They searched the 234 known eukaryotic genomes (those genomes that have been fully sequenced) for sequences that are similar to that of BDV. The researchers unearthed a plethora of endogenous Borna-like N (EBLN) elements in many diverse mammals, Feschotte said ...
A major fossil discovery at a site in northern Canada has provided compelling evidence of the evolutionary transition from ancient fish to the first tetrapods-four-legged terrestrial vertebrates that include amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Johannesburg, South Africa (SPX) Jul 16, 2012 - South African scientists will share the countrys latest fossil discovery with the world using live virtual technology. Scientists from the Wits Institute for Human Evolution based at the Univ
John Gurche is a superstar in the little-known field of paleoart. Watch the evolution of our species in under two minutes. Learn how paleoartist John Gurche draws on fossil discoveries and forensic...
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A new fossil discovery in Britain captures a previously unseen stage in the evolution of these ancient arthropods - the transformation of two-branched legs into nearly identical but separately attached limbs, one of which was destined to disappear.. This fossil provides remarkable confirmation of the loss of a limb branch during horseshoe crab evolution, a change predicted by the common presence of two branches in the arthropods that appeared earlier, during the Cambrian explosion, said Derek E. G. Briggs, director of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History and lead author of a paper to be published online the week of Sept. 10 in the journal PNAS.. The fossil dates from the Silurian period, about 425 million years ago.. Modern horseshoe crabs (Limulus) have segmented legs at the front, which they use for walking and feeding. Their rear legs form flattened gills for breathing. In their ancestors, scientists believe, these functions were combined in limbs with two branches - one limb for ...
Abstract - Dinosaurs were ubiquitous in terrestrial ecosystems through most of the Mesozoic and are still diversely represented in the modern fauna in the form of birds. Recent efforts to better understand the origins of the group have resulted in the discovery of many new species of early dinosaur and their closest relatives (dinosauromorphs). In addition, recent re‐examinations of early dinosaur phylogeny have highlighted uncertainties regarding the interrelationships of the main dinosaur lineages (Sauropodomorpha, Theropoda and Ornithischia), and questioned the traditional hypothesis that the group originated in South Gondwana and gradually dispersed over Pangaea. Here, we use an historical approach to examine the impact of new fossil discoveries and changing phylogenetic hypotheses on biogeographical scenarios for dinosaur origins over 20 years of research time, and analyse the results in the light of different fossil record sampling regimes. Our results consistently optimize South ...
An anonymous reader writes A new fossil discovery has suggested that dinosaurs were alive right up until the asteroid impact, and did not go extinct gradually due to climate change or changes in sea level, as previous theories have proposed....
LOCUS BC053873 3649 bp mRNA linear HUM 17-NOV-2006 DEFINITION Homo sapiens WW and C2 domain containing 2, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:5538007), partial cds. ACCESSION BC053873 VERSION BC053873.1 KEYWORDS . SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 3649) AUTHORS Strausberg,R.L., Feingold,E.A., Grouse,L.H., Derge,J.G., Klausner,R.D., Collins,F.S., Wagner,L., Shenmen,C.M., Schuler,G.D., Altschul,S.F., Zeeberg,B., Buetow,K.H., Schaefer,C.F., Bhat,N.K., Hopkins,R.F., Jordan,H., Moore,T., Max,S.I., Wang,J., Hsieh,F., Diatchenko,L., Marusina,K., Farmer,A.A., Rubin,G.M., Hong,L., Stapleton,M., Soares,M.B., Bonaldo,M.F., Casavant,T.L., Scheetz,T.E., Brownstein,M.J., Usdin,T.B., Toshiyuki,S., Carninci,P., Prange,C., Raha,S.S., Loquellano,N.A., Peters,G.J., Abramson,R.D., Mullahy,S.J., Bosak,S.A., McEwan,P.J., McKernan,K.J., ...
LOCUS NM_030666 2678 bp mRNA linear PRI 20-APR-2013 DEFINITION Homo sapiens serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade B (ovalbumin), member 1 (SERPINB1), transcript variant 1, mRNA. ACCESSION NM_030666 VERSION NM_030666.3 GI:401709928 KEYWORDS RefSeq. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 2678) AUTHORS Wang,L., Li,Q., Wu,L., Liu,S., Zhang,Y., Yang,X., Zhu,P., Zhang,H., Zhang,K., Lou,J., Liu,P., Tong,L., Sun,F. and Fan,Z. TITLE Identification of SERPINB1 as a physiological inhibitor of human granzyme H JOURNAL J. Immunol. 190 (3), 1319-1330 (2013) PUBMED 23269243 REMARK GeneRIF: Upon reactive center loop cleavage at Phe-343,SERPINB1 covalently complexes with GzmH. SERPINB1 overexpression suppresses GzmH- or LAK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Crystal structures show possible conformational changes in GzmH for the ...
LOCUS NP_001131136 537 aa linear PRI 20-JUN-2020 DEFINITION anaphase-promoting complex subunit 7 isoform b [Homo sapiens]. ACCESSION NP_001131136 VERSION NP_001131136.1 DBSOURCE REFSEQ: accession NM_001137664.1 KEYWORDS RefSeq. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (residues 1 to 537) AUTHORS Wild T, Budzowska M, Hellmuth S, Eibes S, Karemore G, Barisic M, Stemmann O and Choudhary C. TITLE Deletion of APC7 or APC16 Allows Proliferation of Human Cells without the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint JOURNAL Cell Rep 25 (9), 2317-2328 (2018) PUBMED 30485802 REMARK GeneRIF: the contribution of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome subunits APC7 and APC16 to APC/C composition and function in human cells. REFERENCE 2 (residues 1 to 537) AUTHORS Boldt K, van Reeuwijk J, Lu Q, Koutroumpas K, Nguyen TM, Texier Y, van Beersum SE, ...
LOCUS BR000000 2000 bp mRNA linear HUM 17-SEP-2006 DEFINITION TPA_exp: Homo sapiens GAPD gene for glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, complete cds. ACCESSION BR000000 VERSION BR000000.1 KEYWORDS Third Party Data; TPA; TPA:experimental. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 2000) AUTHORS Mishima,H. and Shizuoka,T. TITLE Direct Submission JOURNAL Submitted (30-NOV-2005) to the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases. Contact:Hanako Mishima National Institute of Genetics, DNA Data Bank of Japan; Yata 1111, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan REFERENCE 2 AUTHORS Mishima,H., Shizuoka,T. and Fuji,I. TITLE Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of human JOURNAL TPA Biol Chem 10, 50-59 (2006) COMMENT PRIMARY TPA_SPAN PRIMARY_IDENTIFIER PRIMARY_SPAN COMP 1-1000 ZZ000001.1 50001-51000 101-200 ZZ000003.1 1-100 501-600 ...
LOCUS BC007682 1933 bp mRNA linear HUM 15-JUL-2006 DEFINITION Homo sapiens STAM binding protein, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:3546 IMAGE:3619837), complete cds. ACCESSION BC007682 VERSION BC007682.1 KEYWORDS MGC. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 1933) AUTHORS Strausberg,R.L., Feingold,E.A., Grouse,L.H., Derge,J.G., Klausner,R.D., Collins,F.S., Wagner,L., Shenmen,C.M., Schuler,G.D., Altschul,S.F., Zeeberg,B., Buetow,K.H., Schaefer,C.F., Bhat,N.K., Hopkins,R.F., Jordan,H., Moore,T., Max,S.I., Wang,J., Hsieh,F., Diatchenko,L., Marusina,K., Farmer,A.A., Rubin,G.M., Hong,L., Stapleton,M., Soares,M.B., Bonaldo,M.F., Casavant,T.L., Scheetz,T.E., Brownstein,M.J., Usdin,T.B., Toshiyuki,S., Carninci,P., Prange,C., Raha,S.S., Loquellano,N.A., Peters,G.J., Abramson,R.D., Mullahy,S.J., Bosak,S.A., McEwan,P.J., ...
The evidence from the semicircular canals suggests that the earliest anthropoids dating to the Late Eocene and Early Oligocene of Egypt were all medium to medium slow in their locomotion. These predictions generally match the hypothesized locomotor behaviours based on postcranial fossil evidence for these Fayum taxa. Catopithecus, Parapithecus and Aegyptopithecus, all predicted to be slow or medium in agility based on postcranial evidence, are also reconstructed as medium to medium slow based on semicircular canal size. Proteopithecus, predicted to be an agile arborealist [27-30], is reconstructed as the fastest of the Fayum anthropoids based on the semicircular canal data. The extant taxon to which Proteopithecus appears most similar in the lateral canal plot is Callimico goeldi, a relatively agile, arboreal New World monkey. In contrast, the results for Apidium are somewhat surprising and contradict expectations. Postcranial remains of Apidium display adaptations to leaping [29,31-36], ...
ID X65923; SV 1; linear; mRNA; STD; HUM; 518 BP. XX AC X65923; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 18-APR-2005 (Rel. 83, Last updated, Version 11) XX DE H.sapiens fau mRNA XX KW fau gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-518 RA Michiels L.M.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the INSDC. RL L.M.R. Michiels, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry, RL Universiteisplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-518 RX PUBMED; 8395683. RA Michiels L., Van der Rauwelaert E., Van Hasselt F., Kas K., Merregaert J.; RT fau cDNA encodes a ubiquitin-like-S30 fusion protein and is expressed as RT an antisense sequence in the Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus; RL Oncogene 8(9):2537-2546(1993). XX DR Ensembl-Gn; ENSG00000149806; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000279259; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000434372; ...
ID X65923; SV 1; linear; mRNA; STD; HUM; 518 BP. XX AC X65923; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 18-APR-2005 (Rel. 83, Last updated, Version 11) XX DE H.sapiens fau mRNA XX KW fau gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-518 RA Michiels L.M.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the INSDC. RL L.M.R. Michiels, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry, RL Universiteisplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-518 RX PUBMED; 8395683. RA Michiels L., Van der Rauwelaert E., Van Hasselt F., Kas K., Merregaert J.; RT fau cDNA encodes a ubiquitin-like-S30 fusion protein and is expressed as RT an antisense sequence in the Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus; RL Oncogene 8(9):2537-2546(1993). XX DR Ensembl-Gn; ENSG00000149806; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000279259; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000434372; ...
ID HS6_PE224 STANDARD; PRT; 402 AA. AC HS6_PE224; Q8NFS9; Q5T4J1; Q6T5E5; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=N-acetyllactosaminide DE beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase, isoform C; DE Short=N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; EC=2.4.1 150;AltName: DE Full=I-branching enzyme;AltName: Full=IGNT; (HS6.PE224). GN Name=GCNT2; Synonyms=GCNT5, II, NACGT1; OS HOMO SAPIENS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS HS6.PE224. CC Homo sapiens chromosome 6 GRCh37 sequence 1..171055067 annotated by CC Ensembl CC -!- ...
ID HS2_PE3288 STANDARD; PRT; 2116 AA. AC HS2_PE3288; Q6PIF6; Q14786; Q8TEE1; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=Myosin-VIIb; (HS2.PE3288). GN Name=MYO7B; OS HOMO SAPIENS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS HS2.PE3288. CC Homo sapiens chromosome 2 GRCh37 sequence 1..243189373 annotated by CC Ensembl CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:MYO7B_HUMAN CC -!- FUNCTION: Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase CC activity. Their highly divergent tails are presumed to bind to CC membranous compartments, which ...
ID AF129756; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; HUM; 184666 BP. XX AC AF129756; XX DT 12-MAR-1999 (Rel. 59, Created) DT 14-NOV-2006 (Rel. 89, Last updated, Version 5) XX DE Homo sapiens MSH55 gene, partial cds; and CLIC1, DDAH, G6b, G6c, G5b, G6d, DE G6e, G6f, BAT5, G5b, CSK2B, BAT4, G4, Apo M, BAT3, BAT2, AIF-1, 1C7, LST-1, DE LTB, TNF, and LTA genes, complete cds. XX KW . XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-184666 RX DOI; 10.1101/gr.1736803. RX PUBMED; 14656967. RA Xie T., Rowen L., Aguado B., Ahearn M.E., Madan A., Qin S., Campbell R.D., RA Hood L.; RT Analysis of the gene-dense major histocompatibility complex class III RT region and its comparison to mouse; RL Genome Res. 13(12):2621-2636(2003). XX RN [2] RP 1-184666 RA Rowen L., Madan A., Qin S., Shaffer T., James R., Ratcliffe A., Abbasi N., RA Dickhoff R., Loretz C., ...
ID X65923; SV 1; linear; mRNA; STD; HUM; 518 BP. XX AC X65923; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 18-APR-2005 (Rel. 83, Last updated, Version 11) XX DE H.sapiens fau mRNA XX KW fau gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-518 RA Michiels L.M.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RL L.M.R. Michiels, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry, RL Universiteisplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-518 RX PUBMED; 8395683. RA Michiels L., Van der Rauwelaert E., Van Hasselt F., Kas K., Merregaert J.; RT fau cDNA encodes a ubiquitin-like-S30 fusion protein and is expressed as RT an antisense sequence in the Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus; RL Oncogene 8(9):2537-2546(1993). XX DR H-InvDB; HIT000322806. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..518 FT /organism=Homo ...
ID X65921; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; HUM; 2016 BP. XX AC X65921; S45242; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 14-NOV-2006 (Rel. 89, Last updated, Version 7) XX DE H.sapiens fau 1 gene XX KW fau 1 gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-2016 RA Kas K.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RL K. Kas, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry T3.22, RL Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-2016 RX DOI; 10.1016/0006-291X(92)91286-Y. RX PUBMED; 1326960. RA Kas K., Michiels L., Merregaert J.; RT Genomic structure and expression of the human fau gene: encoding the RT ribosomal protein S30 fused to a ubiquitin-like protein; RL Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 187(2):927-933(1992). XX DR GDB; 191789. DR GDB; 191790. DR GDB; 354872. DR GDB; 4590236. XX FH Key ...
Ever since scientists discovered dinosaurs, people have grown curious about their existence and lifestyle during their time. One way scientists use to elucidate these facts is through fossil finds, and one of the fascinating fossils they discovered is of the Dreadnoughtus. It was considered an excellent specimen for study. Its almost complete state made it stand out among the others.. The Dreadnoughtus was the most complete sauropod skeleton that scientists have ever discovered so far. The titanosaur fossil was over 70% complete and has given paleontologists a lot of detailed information to understand sauropods better. It was a massive dinosaur and one of the largest sauropods that walked the earth.. Fossils have always been the gateway to the past. They have always helped researchers develop facts about their biology and how these fossilized organisms may have lived before. These fossils also give clues about other dinosaur species, with only fragments of fossils found. This article will share ...
ID SODC_HUMAN Reviewed; 154 AA. AC P00441; A6NHJ0; D3DSE4; Q16669; Q16711; Q16838; Q16839; Q16840; AC Q6NR85; DT 21-JUL-1986, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 23-JAN-2007, sequence version 2. DT 28-FEB-2018, entry version 229. DE RecName: Full=Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]; DE EC=1.15.1.1; DE AltName: Full=Superoxide dismutase 1; DE Short=hSod1; GN Name=SOD1; OS Homo sapiens (Human). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]. RX PubMed=6577438; DOI=10.1073/pnas.80.18.5465; RA Sherman L., Dafni N., Lieman-Hurwitz J., Groner Y.; RT Nucleotide sequence and expression of human chromosome 21-encoded RT superoxide dismutase mRNA.; RL Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80:5465-5469(1983). RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]. RX PubMed=3160582; RA Levanon D., Lieman-Hurwitz J., Dafni N., Wigderson M., Sherman L., ...
...Two partial skeletons have been discovered in the cave deposits in the...The human fossils close to 2 million years old have been classified ...The findings represent some of the most significant scientific discove...Dr Robyn Pickering of the School of Earth Sciences at the University o...,Human,fossil,discovery,--,evidence,of,new,Homo,species,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
A new law enacted in Montana this week declares fossils are part of surface rights -- not mineral rights, drawing support from fossil hunters, paleontologists, museums, landowners and dinosaur lovers.
A fossil of a long-necked marine reptile that lived 245 million years ago was found with a developing embryo, signifying the animal had live birth reproductive capabilities, a Chinese scientist said.
A 30,000-year-old finger bone found in a cave in southern Siberia came from a young girl that was neither an early modern human nor Neanderthal, but instead belonged to a previously unknown group of human relatives who may have lived throughout much of Asia during the late Pleistocene epoch, according to new research (Reich, D. et al.
Diagnosis Code S12.001S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Hidden deep underground are some of the rarest treasures in all of science. Formed from immense pressure over millions of years, fossils tell us the story of our long-lost ancestors and the strange creatures that populated their world. Bizarre fossil discoveries are becoming more common as we ...
What Makes a Fossil a Hominin? Major hominin fossil discoveries are important and only happen occasionally. But how do scholars even know that what they h
July 2, 2019 - Groundbreaking fossil discovery in the southern state of Paraná, Brazil, reveal new dinosaur species that could balance on single toes.Read the article here.
Despite their rather characteristic appearance Stiassny (1996) was only able to find two characters (the presence of a trilobate rostral cartilage, and an elaborate and extensive gap between the back of the neurocranium and the first cervical vertebra) corroborating neoscopelid monophyly. Prior to Stiassnys (1996) study no explicitly phylogenetic hypothesis of neoscopelid intrarelationships had been proposed. Nonetheless, the consensus of most authors has been that Scopelengys with its weakly ossified skeleton, small eyes, flabby musculature, lack of photophores, and lack of swimbladder is a specialized offshoot from the main neoscopelid line, and that Solivomer represents an intermediate between the vigorous Neoscopelus and the degenerate Scopelengys. However, as Stiassny (1996:415) notes Whether or not the standard scenario in which the sluggish, energy-deprived, deepwater Scopelengys is derived from an active benthopelagic and luminescent Neoscopelus-like ancestor (Nafpaktitis, ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. The sub-cellular function of the protein is to localize to the cortex of the fibrous sheath, ...
Catarrhini; Homindae; Homo. "TMEM156 transmembrane protein 156 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. ...
Apes emerged within "monkeys" as sister of the Cercopithecidae in the Catarrhini, so cladistically they are monkeys as well. ... "Fossilworks: Catarrhini". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2018-10-21. "catarrhine (monkey) - Memidex dictionary/thesaurus". www. ... may be taken to mean the Cercopithecoidea or the Catarrhini. That apes are monkeys was already realized by Georges-Louis ... especially the Old World monkeys of Catarrhini. Simians and tarsiers emerged within haplorrhines some 60 million years ago. New ...
Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...
OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ... OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ...
Catarrhini, which developed in Africa, consisting of Old World monkeys, humans and the other apes, and Platyrrhini, which ...
... s' closest relatives are the other simians, the Catarrhini ("down-nosed," comprising Old World monkeys and apes ... and Catarrhini (apes and Old World monkeys-in Africa).[10] The individuals whose descendents would become Platyrrhini are ...
Catarrhini widzą zazwyczaj trójchromatycznie dzięki duplikacji genu czerwono-zielonej opsyny, do której doszło u ich przodka ... Wyróżnia się 2 klady Simia w randze parworzędów: małpy wąskonose (Catarrhini), które rozwijały się w Afryce i składają się z ... Jak Catarrhini, należące do szerokonosych wyjce wykazują zazwyczaj widzenie trójbarwne, które umożliwiła niedawna w sensie ... Badania molekularne sekwencji DNA jądrowego przyniosły różniące się daty podziału na Platyrrhini i Catarrhini, pomiędzy 33 i 70 ...
Its lineage is: Catarrhini, Chordata, Craniata, Euarchontoglires, Eukaryota; Euteleostomi, Eutheri and others. "Human PubMed ...
Catarrhini, Primates)". In Werdelin, L.; Sanders, W.J (eds.). Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. University of California Press. pp. ...
c. 40 Ma - Age of the Catarrhini parvorder; first canines evolve. Lepidopteran insects become recognizable. Gastornis goes ...
Catarrhini, Primates)". In Werdelin, L.; Sanders, W.J. Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. University of California Press. pp. 429-469 ...
Osman Hill, W. C. (1966). Primates Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy VI-Catarrhini Cercopithecoidea: Cercopithecinae. Edinburgh ...
Catarrhini, østaper (smalneseaper) *Cercopithecoidea, dyreaper *Cercopithecidae, dyreaper. *Hominoidea, menneskeaper * ...
Catarrhini. In their 1997 classification of mammals, McKenna and Bell used two extra levels between superorder and order: " ...
Catarrhini Suprafamilie: Hominoidea Familie: Hominidae Subfamilie: Homininae Trib: Hominini. Shoshani; Groves et. al., 1996. ...
Catarrhini (31.0 Mya) Hominoidea/apes (20.4 Mya) Hominidae/great apes (15.7 Mya) Homininae (8.8 Mya) Hominini (6.3 Mya) .mw- ... The superfamily Hominoidea falls within the parvorder Catarrhini, which also includes the Old World monkeys of Africa and ...
2007). "A remarkable female cranium of the early Oligocene anthropoid Aegyptopithecus zeuxis (Catarrhini, Propliopithecidae)". ...
Parvorder Catarrhini are the Old World monkeys and parvorder Platyrrhini are New World monkeys. Red-tailed monkeys are within ... Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Sub-order Haplorhini Parvorder Catarrhini Family Cercopithecidae ... the Parvorder Catarrhini and have nostrils that point downward which differs from the Platyrrhini which have nostrils that ...
Catarrhini) From the Late Miocene of Spain". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 114 (4): 312-324. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1043 ...
Catarrhini (narrow turned down nose) and Platyrrhini (flat nose). Paternal care is highly variable between the two sister ... groups and the species within them.[citation needed] Catarrhini is composed of Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae) and Apes ( ...
The superfamily Hominoidea falls within the parvorder Catarrhini, which also includes the Old World monkeys of Africa and ...
Holland finds that; Like other mammals, Catarrhini primate demographics are strongly influenced by ecological conditions, ... face a statistically reliable context of interaction in all Catarrhini primates. This reliable context of interaction with ...
The dental formula (2.1.2.3) and shape of the teeth are the primary factors which include pliopithecoids among the catarrhini. ... Order Primates (Linnaeus, 1758) Infraorder Catarrhini (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812) Superfamily Pliopithecoidea (Zapfe, 1960) ...
Within the order Catarrhini, all hominoid genera contain specialized cutaneous scent glands (i.e. apocrine glands in the axilla ... The disparity is explained by the development of acute vision in Catarrhini (apes and Old World monkeys) 40 million years ago, ...
garnettii LR/lc Suborder: Haplorhini Infraorder: Simiiformes Parvorder: Catarrhini Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea Family: ...
Old World monkeys, being in the same Catarrhini clade as apes, are closer cousins to apes than to New World monkeys. Old World ...
Catarrhini. Superfamilha. Hominoidea. Familha. Hominidae. Reng de precisar. Homininae. E. Delson & P. Andrews, 1975 ...
also estimated the Platyrrhini-Catarrhini divergence to have occurred around 70 Ma and found that the latter evolved in South ...
... Humans, great apes, gibbons, Old World monkeys. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window ... Catarrhini. Humans, great apes, gibbons, Old World monkeys. Version 01 January 1999 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Catarrhini/ ...
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The Catarrhini are all native to Africa and Asia. Members of this parvorder are called catarrhines. The technical distinction ... The parvorder Catarrhini /kætəˈraɪnaɪ/, catarrhine monkeys or Old World anthropoids are the sister group to the New World ... According to Begun and Harrison, the Catarrhini split from their New World monkey kin about 44 - 40 Mya, with the first ... "Catarrhini Infraorder". ChimpanZoo (The Jane Goodall Institute). Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved ...
Catarrhini synonyms, Catarrhini pronunciation, Catarrhini translation, English dictionary definition of Catarrhini. adj. Of or ... belonging to the primate infraorder Catarrhini, characterized by nostrils that are close together and directed downward, and ... redirected from Catarrhini). Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to Catarrhini: catarrhine, Platyrrhini ... Catarrhini - definition of Catarrhini by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Catarrhini ...
català: Catarrhini. čeština: Úzkonosí. dansk: Østaber. Deutsch: Altweltaffen. English: Catarrhini. español: Catarrinos. فارسی: ... Parvordo: Catarrhini Superfamiliae (2 + †5): Cercopithecoidea - Hominoidea - †Dendropithecoidea - †Pliopithecoidea - † ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catarrhini&oldid=3540250" ...
Català: Catarrhini. Dansk: Østaber. Deutsch: Altweltaffen. English: Catarrhini. Español: Catarrinos. فارسی: راست‌بینیان. ... Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the higher primates (the other being the New World monkeys). It contains the Old ... The name Catarrhini means drooping nose[1] or downward nosed,[2] and refers to their narrow, downward pointing nostrils,[3] in ... Parvordo: Catarrhini. Superfamiliae: Cercopithecoidea - Hominoidea - †Dendropithecoidea - †Pliopithecoidea - †Proconsuloidea ...
Unspecified Catarrhini Old World monkeys and apes Catarrhini: pictures (224) Catarrhini: specimens (230) ...
The cranial capacity of the average Homo sapiens is approximately 1400 cc, which is a significant improvement compared to their predecessors. Modern human brains are composed of many structures, each of which performs a specific set of tasks. However, all of these structures can be categorized into three parts, or evolutionary steps, of the brain. The first part is known as the reptilian brain, which is the portion that we share with all the other vertebrates. This part of the brain controls instincts and all of the tasks required to keep us alive, such as breathing and temperature regulation. The second part of the brain is known as the mammalian brain, which, as the name suggests, is the portion of the brain that we share with all other mammals. This part of the brain introduced three major structures, which are the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala. The hypothalamus regulates fluid balance, internal body temperature, food intake, and sexual drive; the hippocampus is involved in ...
Aiello, L.C. and R.I.M. Dunbar. 1993. Neocortex size, group size, and evolution of language. Current Anthropology, 34, 184-193.. Aiello, L.C. and P. Wheeler. 1995. The expensive-tissue hypothesis: the brain and the digestive system in human and primate evolution. Current Anthropology, 36, 199-221.. Ankel-Simons, F. 2000. Primate anatomy: an introduction, 2nd ed. San Diego, Academic Press.. Asfaw, B., T. White, O. Lovejoy, B. Latimer, S. Simpson and G. Suwa. 1999. Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. Science, 284, 629-634.. Balter, M. and A. Gibbons. 2000. A glimpse of humans first journey out of Africa. Science, 288, 948-950.. Blumenschine, R.J. 1987. Characteristics of an early hominid scavenging niche. Current Anthropology, 28, 383-407.. Bonnefille, R. 1995. A reassessment of the Plio-Pleistocene pollen record of East Africa. In Paleoclimate and evolution with an emphasis on human origins (eds., E.S. Vrba, G.H. Denton, T.C. Patridge and L.H. Burckle), pp. ...
Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the simians, the other being the plathyrrhine (New World monkeys). The Catarrhini ... Wikispecies has information related to Catarrhini Wikinews has related news: Researchers discover last common ancestor of apes ... "Catarrhini Infraorder". ChimpanZoo (The Jane Goodall Institute). Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved ... "Catarrhini"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may ...
[cat] Aquest treball proposa una metodologia que permet lobtenció dinformació a nivell microscòpic de les corones dentals sense una excessiva manipulació dels
Up first, the first half of the Catarrhini Clans, the… ... What all the Catarrhini Clans agree on, however, is that older ... The Catarrhini (Part 1). Posted on April 26, 2017. April 23, 2017. by Imperium Romanum ... The official party line of most of the Catarrhini Clans is that the precursors came from another world, an old world, and ... Primate lore holds that before the precursors disappeared, they grouped some clans together as Catarrhini, or "Old World ...
Multiple sequence alignment of the member proteins of the hierarchical orthologous group (HOG) for HOG:A0581012.1b.2a.6a at Catarrhini.
Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...
OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ... OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Expression. Broad expression in ovary (RPKM 1.2), testis (RPKM 1.0) and 21 other tissues See more ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Also known as. AP2E. Expression. Broad expression in skin (RPKM 1.5), lymph node (RPKM 1.1) and 22 ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Also known as. IBP2; IGF-BP53. Summary. The protein encoded by this gene is one of six similar ...
Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Hominoidea • Familia: Hylobatidae • Genus: Hoolock Mootnick & Groves, 2005 ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RC revised by [3] RA Cox S.T.; RT ; RL Submitted (16-NOV-2001) to the INSDC. RL Cox S ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-237 RX DOI; 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2009.01295.x. RX PUBMED; 19523021. RA Alaez C., ...
Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Cercopithecoidea • Familia: Cercopithecidae • Subfamilia: Cercopithecinae • Tribus: Papionini • ...
Catarrhini widzą zazwyczaj trójchromatycznie dzięki duplikacji genu czerwono-zielonej opsyny, do której doszło u ich przodka ... Wyróżnia się 2 klady Simia w randze parworzędów: małpy wąskonose (Catarrhini), które rozwijały się w Afryce i składają się z ... Jak Catarrhini, należące do szerokonosych wyjce wykazują zazwyczaj widzenie trójbarwne, które umożliwiła niedawna w sensie ... Badania molekularne sekwencji DNA jądrowego przyniosły różniące się daty podziału na Platyrrhini i Catarrhini, pomiędzy 33 i 70 ...
Catarrhini. Hominoidea. Great Apes. New World Monkeys. Lemurs. Calcified, tessellated cartilage may be present. ...
Systematic paleontology is as follows: Order Primates Linnaeus, 1758; suborder Anthropoidea Mivart, 1864; infraorder Catarrhini ...
Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. The sub-cellular function of the protein is to localize to the cortex of the fibrous sheath, ...
Catarrhini, østaper (smalneseaper) *Cercopithecoidea, dyreaper *Cercopithecidae, dyreaper. *Hominoidea, menneskeaper * ...
Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN ...
Catarrhini. Choose one. > Cercopithecidae. All lower taxonomy nodes (284). Common name i. - ...
  • There are 16 to 19 species of Macaca monkeys (5,6) which are part of a larger group of primates taxonomically classified as Catarrhini in reference to their elongate muzzle with a narrow, turned-down nose (similar to humans). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the higher primates (the other being the New World monkeys). (scientificlib.com)
  • Since the New Monkey theology requires the precursors to be creators (the New Monkeys believe that they are newer, upgraded versions of the Old Monkeys) and the Catarrhini theology does not, most Old Monkeys believe that the precursors didn't create the other primates at all. (chamomilehasa.blog)
  • African "higher" primates, the Old World Monkeys and the Apes, are collectively known as the Catarrhini. (scienceblogs.com)
  • More and more distantly related species were compared thus moving backward in evolution to the common ancestors of the Pongidae, of the Cercopithecoidae, the Catarrhini, the Platyrrhini, the Prosimians, and finally the common ancestor of all primates. (springer.com)
  • South American monkeys or platyrrhines comprise one of the two infraorders (Platyrrhini & Catarrhini) of anthropoid primates. (digimorph.org)
  • With respect to the ones that stayed behind, Geoffroy in 1812 grouped the apes (Hominoidea) and the Cercopithecoidea together and established the name Catarrhini, "Old World monkeys", ("singes de l'Ancien continent" in French). (wikipedia.org)
  • The parvorder Catarrhini /kætəˈraɪnaɪ/, catarrhine monkeys or Old World anthropoids are the sister group to the New World monkeys, the Platyrrhini. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of the Platyrrhini ('flat-nosed') parvorder are typically characterized by relatively broad noses with side-facing, widely separated nostrils, as opposed to the close-set, downward or forward facing nostrils of the Old World monkeys placed in the parvorder Catarrhini. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Haplorhines are further divided into two major groups, the Platyrrhini and the Catarrhini. (bartleby.com)
  • On the one hand, neontological-morphological data exist that point toward a sister group relationship between tarsiers and the Anthropoidea (Platyrrhini and Catarrhini). (genetics.org)
  • There has been some resistance to directly designate apes (and thus humans) as monkeys despite the scientific evidence, so "Old World monkey" may be taken to mean the Cercopithecoidea or the Catarrhini. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, Saadanioidea is sister of the Cercopithecoidea rather than of the Crown Catarrhini here. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of or belonging to the primate infraorder Catarrhini, characterized by nostrils that are close together and directed downward, and including the Old World monkeys, such as the macaque and the rhesus monkey, and the apes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Named Pliopithecus canmatensis, after the site (Can Mata in the Valles-Penedes basin), the primate belonged to an extinct family of Old World monkeys, Catarrhini , which dispersed from Africa to Eurasia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Primate lore holds that before the precursors disappeared, they grouped some clans together as Catarrhini, or "Old World monkeys. (chamomilehasa.blog)
  • Based on the anatomical, palaeobiographical and biostratigraphic information available, the most probable evolutionary scenario for this group is that the Pliopithecoidea were the first Catarrhini to disperse from Africa to Eurasia, where they experienced an evolutionary radiation in a continent initially deserted of other anthropoids (apes)," David Alba, the project leader and a researcher at the Catalan Institute for Palaeontology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), aid. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Catarrhini are all native to Africa and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Begun and Harrison, the Catarrhini split from their New World monkey kin about 44 - 40 Mya, with the first catarrhines appearing in Africa and Arabia, and not appearing in Eurasia (outside Arabia) until 18-17 Mya. (wikipedia.org)
  • David M. Alba (Barcelona, 1975) obtingué el títol de doctor en Biologia per la Universitat de Barcelona el 2005, amb una tesi sobre l'origen i l'evolución dels grans antropomorfs i els humans, realitzada a l'Institut de Paleontologia M. Crusafont gràcies a una beca de la Generalitat de Catalunya. (icp.cat)
  • The official party line of most of the Catarrhini Clans is that the precursors came from another world, an old world, and brought the Old Monkeys with them. (chamomilehasa.blog)
  • The Catarrhini split from the New World monkeys at least 40 million years ago, though this date is subject to revision. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Which of these are included in Catarrhini (Old World Monkeys)? (proprofs.com)