Catarrhini: An infraorder of PRIMATES comprised of the families CERCOPITHECIDAE (old world monkeys); HYLOBATIDAE (siamangs and GIBBONS); and HOMINIDAE (great apes and HUMANS). With the exception of humans, they all live exclusively in Africa and Asia.Strepsirhini: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.PrimatesBooksMicrobiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Instinct: Stereotyped patterns of response, characteristic of a given species, that have been phylogenetically adapted to a specific type of situation.Chronotherapy: The adaptation of therapeutic approaches such as pharmacological (DRUG CHRONOTHERAPY), surgical, radiological, or physical to the known variations in biological RHYTHMICITY, such as CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS. The treatment is aimed at supporting normal rhythms, or modifying the timing of therapy to achieve maximal efficacy and minimal adverse effect.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Orgasm: The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Erotica: Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Anthropology, Medical: Field of social science that is concerned with differences between human groups as related to health status and beliefs.Group Structure: The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.Anthropology, Cultural: It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.Hylobates: A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).Hylobatidae: A family of the suborder HAPLORHINI comprising only one genus, HYLOBATES (also called Nomascus or Symphalangus).Zoology: The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Vertebrates: Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.Tongue Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Codon: A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).Databases, Protein: Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.BelgiumScandentia: An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.Oncogene Proteins v-fos: Transforming proteins coded by fos oncogenes. These proteins have been found in the Finkel-Biskis-Jinkins (FBJ-MSV) and Finkel-Biskis-Reilly (FBR-MSV) murine sarcoma viruses which induce osteogenic sarcomas in mice. The FBJ-MSV v-fos gene encodes a p55-kDa protein and the FBR-MSV v-fos gene encodes a p75-kDa fusion protein.Sarcoma Viruses, Murine: A group of replication-defective viruses, in the genus GAMMARETROVIRUS, which are capable of transforming cells, but which replicate and produce tumors only in the presence of Murine leukemia viruses (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE).Chordata: Phylum in the domain Eukarya, comprised of animals either with fully developed backbones (VERTEBRATES), or those with notochords only during some developmental stage (CHORDATA, NONVERTEBRATE).Pseudomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.AmidohydrolasesPseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Pseudomonas Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Animals, ZooForensic Anthropology: Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)Drosophilidae: A family of the order DIPTERA. These flies are generally found around decaying vegetation and fruit. Several species, because of their short life span, giant salivary gland chromosomes, and ease of culturing, have been used extensively in studies of heredity.Odonata: An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Receptors, Nicotinic: One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.Receptors, Cholinergic: Cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Cholinergic receptors are divided into two major classes, muscarinic and nicotinic, based originally on their affinity for nicotine and muscarine. Each group is further subdivided based on pharmacology, location, mode of action, and/or molecular biology.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Electric Organ: In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)

The approximately 30-million-year-old ERVPb1 envelope gene is evolutionarily conserved among hominoids and Old World monkeys. (1/17)

Most human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are ancient and their genes are rendered nonfunctional by debilitating mutations. One exception is a recently discovered envelope gene located on chromosome 14. This envelope protein was also recently shown to be expressed in various human tissues and to mediate cell-cell fusion ex vivo. In this study, we demonstrate that this locus (designated ERVPb1) is preserved in Old World monkeys and that the reading frame is maintained. This is congruent with the entry of the HERV-P(b) group between 27 and 36 million years ago as suggested by long terminal repeat divergence. Although the coding capacity is generally lost in the HERV-IP supergroup, the analysis of nucleotide substitutions, lack of stop codons, and single-nucleotide polymorephisms strongly indicates a selective advantage of the ERVPb1 envelope genes during primate evolution. The purifying selection and tissue-specific expression of the human ERVPb1 envelope gene provide strong evidence of a beneficial role for the host.  (+info)

Functional morphology of the first cervical vertebra in humans and nonhuman primates. (2/17)

The cervical vertebral column bears or balances the weight of the head supported by the nuchal muscles that partly originate from the cervical vertebrae. The position of the head relative to the vertebral column, and consequently locomotion and posture behavior, could thus be associated with the form of the cervical vertebrae. In spite of this assumption and some empirical indications along these lines, primate vertebral morphologies have been reported to be very similar and not clearly related to locomotion. We therefore study the relationship between the morphology of the first cervical vertebra, the atlas, and the locomotion pattern within primates using a geometric morphometric approach. Our analysis is based on a total of 116 vertebrae of adult Homo sapiens, Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Hylobates lar, Macaca mulatta, Papio hamadryas, Ateles geoffroyi, and Alouatta palliata. On each atlas, 56 landmarks were digitized and superimposed by Procrustes registration. The resulting shape variables were analyzed by principal component analysis, multivariate regression, and partial least-squares analysis. We found that the nine primate species differ clearly in their atlas morphology and that allometric shape change is distinct between the nonhuman primates and Homo sapiens. We could further identify morphological features that relate to the species' locomotion pattern. Human atlas shape, however, cannot be predicted by an extrapolation of the nonhuman primate model. This implies that either the primate atlas is generalized enough to allow bipedal locomotion or else the human atlas morphology is a unique adaptation different from that in the more orthograde nonhuman primates.  (+info)

Functionally important glycosyltransferase gain and loss during catarrhine primate emergence. (3/17)

A glycosyltransferase, alpha1,3galactosyltransferase, catalyzes the terminal step in biosynthesis of Galalpha1,3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-R (alphaGal), an oligosaccharide cell surface epitope. This epitope or antigenically similar epitopes are widely distributed among the different forms of life. Although abundant in most mammals, alphaGal is not normally found in catarrhine primates (Old World monkeys and apes, including humans), all of which produce anti-alphaGal antibodies from infancy onward. Natural selection favoring enhanced resistance to alphaGal-positive pathogens has been the primary reason offered to account for the loss of alphaGal in catarrhines. Here, we question the primacy of this immune defense hypothesis with results that elucidate the evolutionary history of GGTA1 gene and pseudogene loci. One such locus, GGTA1P, a processed (intronless) pseudogene (PPG), is present in platyrrhines, i.e., New World monkeys, and catarrhines but not in prosimians. PPG arose in an early ancestor of anthropoids (catarrhines and platyrrhines), and GGTA1 itself became an unprocessed pseudogene in the late catarrhine stem lineage. Strong purifying selection, denoted by low nonsynonymous substitutions per nonsynonymous site/synonymous substitutions per synonymous site values, preserved GGTA1 in noncatarrhine mammals, indicating that the functional gene product is subjected to considerable physiological constraint. Thus, we propose that a pattern of alternative and/or more beneficial glycosyltransferase activity had to first evolve in the stem catarrhines before GGTA1 inactivation could occur. Enhanced defense against alphaGal-positive pathogens could then have accelerated the replacement of alphaGal-positive catarrhines by alphaGal-negative catarrhines. However, we emphasize that positively selected regulatory changes in sugar chain metabolism might well have contributed in a major way to catarrhine origins.  (+info)

Evolutionary history of chromosome 11 featuring four distinct centromere repositioning events in Catarrhini. (4/17)

Panels of BAC clones used in FISH experiments allow a detailed definition of chromosomal marker arrangement and orientation during evolution. This approach has disclosed the centromere repositioning phenomenon, consisting in the activation of a novel, fully functional centromere in an ectopic location, concomitant with the inactivation of the old centromere. In this study, appropriate panels of BAC clones were used to track the chromosome 11 evolutionary history in primates and nonprimate boreoeutherian mammals. Chromosome 11 synteny was found to be highly conserved in both primate and boreoeutherian mammalian ancestors. Amazingly, we detected four centromere repositioning events in primates (in Old World monkeys, in gibbons, in orangutans, and in the Homo-Pan-Gorilla (H-P-G) clade ancestor), and one in Equidae. Both H-P-G and Lar gibbon novel centromeres were flanked by large duplicons with high sequence similarity. Outgroup species analysis revealed that this duplicon was absent in phylogenetically more distant primates. The chromosome 11 ancestral centromere was probably located near the HSA11q telomere. The domain of this inactivated centromere, in humans, is almost devoid of segmental duplications. An inversion occurred in chromosome 11 in the common ancestor of H-P-G. A large duplicon, again absent in outgroup species, was found located adjacent to the inversion breakpoints. In Hominoidea, almost all the five largest duplicons of this chromosome appeared involved in significant evolutionary architectural changes.  (+info)

Nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck trabecular architecture and its relationship to locomotor mode. (5/17)

Functional analyses of human and nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck structure have largely ignored the trabecular bone. We tested hypotheses regarding differences in the relative distribution and structural anisotropy of trabecular bone in the femoral neck of quadrupedal and climbing/suspensory anthropoids. We used high-resolution X-ray computed tomography to analyze quantitatively the femoral neck trabecular structure of Ateles geoffroyi, Symphalangus syndactylus, Alouatta seniculus, Colobus guereza, Macaca fascicularis, and Papio cynocephalus (n = 46). We analyzed a size-scaled superior and inferior volume of interest (VOI) in the femoral neck. The ratio of the superior to inferior VOI bone volume fraction indicated that the distribution of trabecular bone was inferiorly skewed in most (but not all) quadrupeds and evenly distributed the climbing/suspensory species, but interspecific comparisons indicated that all taxa overlapped in these measurements. Degree of anisotropy values were generally higher in the inferior VOI of all species and the results for the two climbing/suspensory taxa, A. geoffroyi (1.71 +/- 0.30) and S. syndactylus (1.55 +/- 0.04), were similar to the results for the quadrupedal anthropoids, C. guereza (male = 1.64 +/- 0.13; female = 1.68 +/- 0.07) and P. cynocephalus (1.47 +/- 0.13). These results suggest strong trabecular architecture similarity across body sizes, anthropoid phylogenetic backgrounds, and locomotor mode. This structural similarity might be explained by greater similarity in anthropoid hip joint loading mechanics than previously considered. It is likely that our current models of anthropoid hip joint mechanics are overly simplistic.  (+info)

A remarkable female cranium of the early Oligocene anthropoid Aegyptopithecus zeuxis (Catarrhini, Propliopithecidae). (6/17)

The most complete and best-preserved cranium of a Paleogene anthropoid ever found, that of a small female of the early Oligocene ( approximately 29-30 Ma) stem catarrhine species Aegyptopithecus zeuxis, was recovered from the Jebel Qatrani Formation (Fayum Depression, Egypt) in 2004. The specimen is that of a subadult and, in craniodental dimensions, is the smallest Aegyptopithecus individual known. High-resolution computed tomographic (microCT) scanning of the specimen's well preserved cranial vault confirms that Aegyptopithecus had relatively unexpanded frontal lobes and a brain-to-body mass ratio lower than those of living anthropoids. MicroCT scans of a male cranium recovered in 1966 [Egyptian Geological Museum, Cairo (CGM) 40237] reveal that previous estimates of its endocranial volume were too large. Thus, some amount of encephalization evolved independently in platyrrhine and catarrhine anthropoids, and the relative brain size of the last common ancestor of crown Anthropoidea was probably strepsirrhine-like or smaller. A. zeuxis shows extreme sexual dimorphism in craniodental morphology (apparently to a degree otherwise seen only in some highly dimorphic Miocene catarrhines), and the crania of female Aegyptopithecus lack a number of morphological features seen in larger males that have been accorded phylogenetic significance in catarrhine systematics (e.g., a well developed rostrum, elongate sagittal crest, and frontal trigon). Although a unique pattern of craniofacial sexual dimorphism may have characterized advanced stem and basal crown catarrhines, expression of various allegedly "discrete" craniofacial features may have been intraspecifically variable in early catarrhine species due to high levels of dimorphism and so should be treated with caution in phylogenetic analyses.  (+info)

Mating system and avpr1a promoter variation in primates. (7/17)

 (+info)

A quantitative method for the evaluation of three-dimensional structure of temporal bone pneumatization. (8/17)

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*Hominidae

Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...

*Talk:Human/Archive 3

OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ... OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ...

*Primate

Catarrhini, which developed in Africa, consisting of Old World monkeys, humans and the other apes, and Platyrrhini, which ...

*Hominidae

Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...

*New World monkey

... s' closest relatives are the other simians, the Catarrhini ("down-nosed," comprising Old World monkeys and apes ... and Catarrhini (apes and Old World monkeys-in Africa).[10] The individuals whose descendents would become Platyrrhini are ...

*Monkey

"Fossilworks: Catarrhini". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2018-10-21.. *^ "catarrhine (monkey) - Memidex dictionary/thesaurus". www. ... Apes emerged within "monkeys" as sister of the Cercopithecidae in the Catarrhini, so cladistically they are monkeys as well. ... may be taken to mean the Cercopithecoidea or the Catarrhini.[10][11][12][13][14][15][9][16][17] That apes are monkeys was ... eosimiidea and sometimes even the Catarrhini group are also considered monkeys by primatologists.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] ...

*Naczelne, wolna encyklopedia

Catarrhini widzą zazwyczaj trójchromatycznie dzięki duplikacji genu czerwono-zielonej opsyny, do której doszło u ich przodka ... Wyróżnia się 2 klady Simia w randze parworzędów: małpy wąskonose (Catarrhini), które rozwijały się w Afryce i składają się z ... Jak Catarrhini, należące do szerokonosych wyjce wykazują zazwyczaj widzenie trójbarwne, które umożliwiła niedawna w sensie ... Badania molekularne sekwencji DNA jądrowego przyniosły różniące się daty podziału na Platyrrhini i Catarrhini, pomiędzy 33 i 70 ...

*Primater

Catarrhini, østaper (smalneseaper) *Cercopithecoidea, dyreaper *Cercopithecidae, dyreaper. *Hominoidea, menneskeaper * ...

*Order (biology)

Catarrhini. In their 1997 classification of mammals, McKenna and Bell used two extra levels between superorder and order: " ...

*Hominini

Catarrhini Suprafamilie: Hominoidea Familie: Hominidae Subfamilie: Homininae Trib: Hominini. Shoshani; Groves et. al., 1996. ...

*Primate

Catarrhini, which developed in Africa, consisting of Old World monkeys, humans and the other apes, and Platyrrhini, which ...

*Ape

Catarrhini (31.0 Mya) Hominoidea/apes (20.4 Mya) Hominidae/great apes (15.7 Mya) Homininae (8.8 Mya) Hominini (6.3 Mya) .mw- ... The superfamily Hominoidea falls within the parvorder Catarrhini, which also includes the Old World monkeys of Africa and ...

*Order (biology)

Catarrhini. In their 1997 classification of mammals, McKenna and Bell used two extra levels between superorder and order: " ...

*Hominidae

Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...

*Hominidae

Catarrhini Superfamily:. Hominoidea Family:. Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...

*FSCB

Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. The sub-cellular function of the protein is to localize to the cortex of the fibrous sheath, ...

*TMEM156

Catarrhini; Homindae; Homo. "TMEM156 transmembrane protein 156 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. ...

*Monkey

"Fossilworks: Catarrhini". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2018-10-21.. *^ "catarrhine (monkey) - Memidex dictionary/thesaurus". www. ... Apes emerged within "monkeys" as sister of the Cercopithecidae in the Catarrhini, so cladistically they are monkeys as well. ... may be taken to mean the Cercopithecoidea or the Catarrhini.[10][11][12][13][14][15][9][16][17] That apes are monkeys was ... eosimiidea and sometimes even the Catarrhini group are also considered monkeys by primatologists.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] ...

*2010 in paleomammalogy

Catarrhini, Primates)". In Werdelin, L.; Sanders, W.J. Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. University of California Press. pp. 429-469 ...

*Timeline of natural history

c.40 Ma - Age of the Catarrhini parvorder; first canines evolve. Lepidopteran insects become recognizable. Gastornis goes ...

*Simiolus

Catarrhini, Primates)". In Werdelin, L.; Sanders, W.J. Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. University of California Press. pp. 429-469 ...

*William Charles Osman Hill

Osman Hill, W. C. (1966). Primates Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy VI-Catarrhini Cercopithecoidea: Cercopithecinae. Edinburgh ...

*Aegyptopithecus

2007). "A remarkable female cranium of the early Oligocene anthropoid Aegyptopithecus zeuxis (Catarrhini, Propliopithecidae)". ...

*Red-tailed monkey

Parvorder Catarrhini are the Old World monkeys and parvorder Platyrrhini are New World monkeys. Red-tailed monkeys are within ... Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Sub-order Haplorhini Parvorder Catarrhini Family Cercopithecidae ... the Parvorder Catarrhini and have nostrils that point downward which differs from the Platyrrhini which have nostrils that ...

*Lemuri-ukosi, kamusi elezo huru

Lemuri-ukosi (kutoka Kiingereza: ruffed lemur) ni spishi za lemuri wa jenasi Varecia katika familia Lemuridae. Kama lemuri wote wanatokea Madagaska tu. Jina lao linatoka kwa ukosi wa manyoya kuzunguka shingo yao. Rangi yao ni kahawianyekundu au nyepe na nyeusi. Spishi hizi ni lemuri wakubwa kuliko wote wengine wa familia hii (urefu wa mwili: sm 43-57, na uzito: kg 3-4). Hula matunda na mbochi, na husaidia kutawanya mbegu za miti.. ...

*Social Bonding and Nurture Kinship

Holland finds that; Like other mammals, Catarrhini primate demographics are strongly influenced by ecological conditions, ... face a statistically reliable context of interaction in all Catarrhini primates. This reliable context of interaction with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ontogenetic change in temporal bone pneumatization in humans. AU - Hill, Cheryl A. PY - 2011/7. Y1 - 2011/7. N2 - Pneumatization of the temporal bone is often included in descriptions of fossils and as a phylogenetic marker, but a number of questions about the evolution, growth, and development of the trait remain. Many studies have analyzed temporal bone pneumatization from a clinical perspective, but a systematic quantification of normal development of pneumatized spaces has not been conducted. In this study, ontogenetic change in the size and organization of temporal bone pneumatization is analyzed in a cross-sectional sample of humans. High resolution computed tomography scans of the temporal bone were acquired from a cross-sectional sample of humans (N = 28). Bone volume fractions, anisotropy, trabecular number, trabecular thickness, surface area, and volume were analyzed to provide information about the organization and size of pneumatized spaces across ontogeny. The ...
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Conventional geology assumes that different rock layers represent different periods of time. Paleontologists assess the age of fossilized creatures by the rock layers in which they are found. So, a fossil found in a lower rock layer is considered to have lived in a much earlier time than one found in a higher (younger) stratum.. But frequently, fossils of the same creatures are discovered in rock layers far above or below the layers in which they were initially found. Very often, they are discovered in almost exactly the same form in both places, and they even look just like their living counterparts.1 That forces evolutionary scientists to constantly reassess the time periods assigned to fossilized life forms.. The Institute for Creation Research has reported on several fossil discoveries that have challenged conventional evolutionary timescales, including a spider web trapped in an amber deposit that was located in a rock layer supposedly 100 million years older than the time spiders were ...
Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. ...
Of all his known works it would be expected that this quality would have appeared best in his famous picture of Helen of Troy. Quintilian states that in respect of robustness of types Zeuxis had followed Homer, while there is the fact that he had inscribed two verses of the Iliad under his figure of Helen. As models for the picture he was allowed the presence of five of the most beautiful maidens of Croton at his own request, in order that he might be able to "transfer the truth of life to a mute image." Cicero assumed that Zeuxis had found distributed among these five women the various perfect elements that went to make up a figure of ideal beauty. It should not, however, be understood that the painter had made up his figure by the process of combining the good points of various models, but rather that he found among those models the points that answered to the ideal Helen in his own mind, and that he merely required the models to guide and correct himself by during the process of transferring ...
Stringer played a pivotal role in the formulation of a Recent African Origin model for Homo sapiens - the species to which everyone alive today belongs. By suggesting that we had a single and recent origin in Africa, he was opposing the 1980s trend towards a multiregional model for human origins, which had originally been proposed by Franz Weidenreich in the 1930s. Weidenreich suggested that each population of Homo erectus around the world had evolved into its own variant of Homo sapiens, with its own distinctive racial characteristics. Both the Recent African Origin and the multiregional model come in several variants, but the basic contrast has framed research into human origins throughout the last three decades. That research has been diverse: new fossil discoveries and archaeological excavations, new dating methods, new procedures for the extraction of ancient DNA and so on. Stringers account is made all the more impressive by his having been involved in so many groundbreaking projects of ...
Though the elbow is similarly adapted for stability through a wide range of pronation-supination and flexion-extension in all apes, there are some minor differences. In arboreal apes such as orangutans, the large forearm muscles originating on the epicondyles of the humerus generate significant transverse forces on the elbow joint. The structure to resist these forces is a pronounced keel on the trochlear notch on the ulna, which is more flattened in, for example, humans and gorillas. In knuckle-walkers, on the other hand, the elbow has to deal with large vertical loads passing through extended forearms and the joint is therefore more expanded to provide larger articular surfaces perpendicular to those forces.[34]. Derived traits in catarrhini (apes and Old World monkeys) elbows include the loss of the entepicondylar foramen (a hole in the distal humerus), a non-translatory (rotation-only) humeroulnar joint, and a more robust ulna with a shortened trochlear notch.[35]. The proximal radioulnar ...
The original paper catalogue mentions six (6) or possibly even twelve (12) Vertebrae belonging to this specimen and that all of them would have been stored in Drawer 523. However, at the time of this specimens entry into the CFDC digital database, only five (5) total Vertebrae were located in Drawer 523. Whereabouts of any other vertebrae associated with this specimen are unknown ...
Tibia - Width: 3.5, Height:1.6, Length:13.9 Femur - Width: 4.5, Height: 2.3, Length: 7.5 Femur - Width: 4.1, Height: 2.7, Length: 7.5 Pelvis - Width: 4.9, Height: 3.4, Length: 10.1 Phalange - Width: 2.0, Height: 2.1, Length: 3.5 Vertebra - Width: 2.7, Height: 3.6, Length: 3.2 Vertebra - Width: 3.0, Height: 3.0, Length: 3.0 Vertebra - Width: 2.5, Height: 3.3, Length: ...
Everything young scientists need to create cool dino fossils! Kids choose from 10 lifelike dinosaur skeletons to mold in air-dry clay-then paint, label & study their creations! 10 skeletons come with 10 fossil nameplates, air-dry clay, a paintbrush and paint block. Longest skeleton measures 3 3/4.
Researchers in Gabon are studying fossils containing signs of life dating back two billion years. To the un-trained eye, they are just stones. But
Corticospinal projection patterns following unilateral section of the cervical spinal cord in the newborn and juvenile macaque monkey Journal Articles ...
Bornavirus (BDV) owes its name to the town of Borna, Germany, where a virus epidemic in 1885 wiped out a regiment of cavalry horses. BDV infects a range of birds and mammals, including humans. It is unique because it infects only neurons, establishing a persistent infection in its hosts brain, and its entire life cycle takes place in the nucleus of the infected cells. Feschotte said this intimate association of BDV with the cell nucleus prompted researchers to investigate whether bornaviruses may have left behind a record of past infection in the form of endogenous elements. They searched the 234 known eukaryotic genomes (those genomes that have been fully sequenced) for sequences that are similar to that of BDV. "The researchers unearthed a plethora of endogenous Borna-like N (EBLN) elements in many diverse mammals, " Feschotte said ...
A major fossil discovery at a site in northern Canada has provided compelling evidence of the evolutionary transition from ancient fish to the first tetrapods-four-legged terrestrial vertebrates that include amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Johannesburg, South Africa (SPX) Jul 16, 2012 - South African scientists will share the countrys latest fossil discovery with the world using live virtual technology. Scientists from the Wits Institute for Human Evolution based at the Univ
A new fossil discovery in Britain captures a previously unseen stage in the evolution of these ancient arthropods - the transformation of two-branched legs into nearly identical but separately attached limbs, one of which was destined to disappear.. "This fossil provides remarkable confirmation of the loss of a limb branch during horseshoe crab evolution, a change predicted by the common presence of two branches in the arthropods that appeared earlier, during the Cambrian explosion," said Derek E. G. Briggs, director of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History and lead author of a paper to be published online the week of Sept. 10 in the journal PNAS.. The fossil dates from the Silurian period, about 425 million years ago.. Modern horseshoe crabs (Limulus) have segmented legs at the front, which they use for walking and feeding. Their rear legs form flattened gills for breathing. In their ancestors, scientists believe, these functions were combined in limbs with two branches - one limb for ...
An anonymous reader writes A new fossil discovery has suggested that dinosaurs were alive right up until the asteroid impact, and did not go extinct gradually due to climate change or changes in sea level, as previous theories have proposed....
LOCUS NM_030666 2678 bp mRNA linear PRI 20-APR-2013 DEFINITION Homo sapiens serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade B (ovalbumin), member 1 (SERPINB1), transcript variant 1, mRNA. ACCESSION NM_030666 VERSION NM_030666.3 GI:401709928 KEYWORDS RefSeq. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 2678) AUTHORS Wang,L., Li,Q., Wu,L., Liu,S., Zhang,Y., Yang,X., Zhu,P., Zhang,H., Zhang,K., Lou,J., Liu,P., Tong,L., Sun,F. and Fan,Z. TITLE Identification of SERPINB1 as a physiological inhibitor of human granzyme H JOURNAL J. Immunol. 190 (3), 1319-1330 (2013) PUBMED 23269243 REMARK GeneRIF: Upon reactive center loop cleavage at Phe-343,SERPINB1 covalently complexes with GzmH. SERPINB1 overexpression suppresses GzmH- or LAK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Crystal structures show possible conformational changes in GzmH for the ...
LOCUS BC007682 1933 bp mRNA linear HUM 15-JUL-2006 DEFINITION Homo sapiens STAM binding protein, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:3546 IMAGE:3619837), complete cds. ACCESSION BC007682 VERSION BC007682.1 KEYWORDS MGC. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 1933) AUTHORS Strausberg,R.L., Feingold,E.A., Grouse,L.H., Derge,J.G., Klausner,R.D., Collins,F.S., Wagner,L., Shenmen,C.M., Schuler,G.D., Altschul,S.F., Zeeberg,B., Buetow,K.H., Schaefer,C.F., Bhat,N.K., Hopkins,R.F., Jordan,H., Moore,T., Max,S.I., Wang,J., Hsieh,F., Diatchenko,L., Marusina,K., Farmer,A.A., Rubin,G.M., Hong,L., Stapleton,M., Soares,M.B., Bonaldo,M.F., Casavant,T.L., Scheetz,T.E., Brownstein,M.J., Usdin,T.B., Toshiyuki,S., Carninci,P., Prange,C., Raha,S.S., Loquellano,N.A., Peters,G.J., Abramson,R.D., Mullahy,S.J., Bosak,S.A., McEwan,P.J., ...
LOCUS BR000000 2000 bp mRNA linear HUM 17-SEP-2006 DEFINITION TPA_exp: Homo sapiens GAPD gene for glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, complete cds. ACCESSION BR000000 VERSION BR000000.1 KEYWORDS Third Party Data; TPA; TPA:experimental. SOURCE Homo sapiens (human) ORGANISM Homo sapiens Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. REFERENCE 1 (bases 1 to 2000) AUTHORS Mishima,H. and Shizuoka,T. TITLE Direct Submission JOURNAL Submitted (30-NOV-2005) to the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases. Contact:Hanako Mishima National Institute of Genetics, DNA Data Bank of Japan; Yata 1111, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan REFERENCE 2 AUTHORS Mishima,H., Shizuoka,T. and Fuji,I. TITLE Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of human JOURNAL TPA Biol Chem 10, 50-59 (2006) COMMENT PRIMARY TPA_SPAN PRIMARY_IDENTIFIER PRIMARY_SPAN COMP 1-1000 ZZ000001.1 50001-51000 101-200 ZZ000003.1 1-100 501-600 ...
The evidence from the semicircular canals suggests that the earliest anthropoids dating to the Late Eocene and Early Oligocene of Egypt were all medium to medium slow in their locomotion. These predictions generally match the hypothesized locomotor behaviours based on postcranial fossil evidence for these Fayum taxa. Catopithecus, Parapithecus and Aegyptopithecus, all predicted to be slow or medium in agility based on postcranial evidence, are also reconstructed as medium to medium slow based on semicircular canal size. Proteopithecus, predicted to be an agile arborealist [27-30], is reconstructed as the fastest of the Fayum anthropoids based on the semicircular canal data. The extant taxon to which Proteopithecus appears most similar in the lateral canal plot is Callimico goeldi, a relatively agile, arboreal New World monkey. In contrast, the results for Apidium are somewhat surprising and contradict expectations. Postcranial remains of Apidium display adaptations to leaping [29,31-36], ...
ID X65923; SV 1; linear; mRNA; STD; HUM; 518 BP. XX AC X65923; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 18-APR-2005 (Rel. 83, Last updated, Version 11) XX DE H.sapiens fau mRNA XX KW fau gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-518 RA Michiels L.M.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the INSDC. RL L.M.R. Michiels, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry, RL Universiteisplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-518 RX PUBMED; 8395683. RA Michiels L., Van der Rauwelaert E., Van Hasselt F., Kas K., Merregaert J.; RT "fau cDNA encodes a ubiquitin-like-S30 fusion protein and is expressed as RT an antisense sequence in the Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus"; RL Oncogene 8(9):2537-2546(1993). XX DR Ensembl-Gn; ENSG00000149806; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000279259; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000434372; ...
ID HS3_PE1795 STANDARD; PRT; 543 AA. AC HS3_PE1795; Q5D0E6; Q7Z5S7; Q86WY1; Q8N105; Q8NA89; Q9NVU8; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=DALR anticodon-binding domain-containing protein 3; DE (HS3.PE1795). GN Name=DALRD3; OS HOMO SAPIENS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS HS3.PE1795. CC Homo sapiens chromosome 3 GRCh37 sequence 1..197962430 annotated by CC Ensembl CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:DALD3_HUMAN CC -!- ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTS: CC Event=Alternative splicing; Named isoforms=4; CC Name=1; CC ...
ID HS6_PE224 STANDARD; PRT; 402 AA. AC HS6_PE224; Q8NFS9; Q5T4J1; Q6T5E5; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=N-acetyllactosaminide DE beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase, isoform C; DE Short=N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; EC=2.4.1 150;AltName: DE Full=I-branching enzyme;AltName: Full=IGNT; (HS6.PE224). GN Name=GCNT2; Synonyms=GCNT5, II, NACGT1; OS HOMO SAPIENS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS HS6.PE224. CC Homo sapiens chromosome 6 GRCh37 sequence 1..171055067 annotated by CC Ensembl CC -!- ...
ID AF129756; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; HUM; 184666 BP. XX AC AF129756; XX DT 12-MAR-1999 (Rel. 59, Created) DT 14-NOV-2006 (Rel. 89, Last updated, Version 5) XX DE Homo sapiens MSH55 gene, partial cds; and CLIC1, DDAH, G6b, G6c, G5b, G6d, DE G6e, G6f, BAT5, G5b, CSK2B, BAT4, G4, Apo M, BAT3, BAT2, AIF-1, 1C7, LST-1, DE LTB, TNF, and LTA genes, complete cds. XX KW . XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-184666 RX DOI; 10.1101/gr.1736803. RX PUBMED; 14656967. RA Xie T., Rowen L., Aguado B., Ahearn M.E., Madan A., Qin S., Campbell R.D., RA Hood L.; RT "Analysis of the gene-dense major histocompatibility complex class III RT region and its comparison to mouse"; RL Genome Res. 13(12):2621-2636(2003). XX RN [2] RP 1-184666 RA Rowen L., Madan A., Qin S., Shaffer T., James R., Ratcliffe A., Abbasi N., RA Dickhoff R., Loretz C., ...
ID X65923; SV 1; linear; mRNA; STD; HUM; 518 BP. XX AC X65923; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 18-APR-2005 (Rel. 83, Last updated, Version 11) XX DE H.sapiens fau mRNA XX KW fau gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-518 RA Michiels L.M.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RL L.M.R. Michiels, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry, RL Universiteisplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-518 RX PUBMED; 8395683. RA Michiels L., Van der Rauwelaert E., Van Hasselt F., Kas K., Merregaert J.; RT "fau cDNA encodes a ubiquitin-like-S30 fusion protein and is expressed as RT an antisense sequence in the Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus"; RL Oncogene 8(9):2537-2546(1993). XX DR H-InvDB; HIT000322806. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..518 FT /organism="Homo ...
ID X65921; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; HUM; 2016 BP. XX AC X65921; S45242; XX DT 13-MAY-1992 (Rel. 31, Created) DT 14-NOV-2006 (Rel. 89, Last updated, Version 7) XX DE H.sapiens fau 1 gene XX KW fau 1 gene. XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-2016 RA Kas K.; RT ; RL Submitted (29-APR-1992) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RL K. Kas, University of Antwerp, Dept of Biochemistry T3.22, RL Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, BELGIUM XX RN [2] RP 1-2016 RX DOI; 10.1016/0006-291X(92)91286-Y. RX PUBMED; 1326960. RA Kas K., Michiels L., Merregaert J.; RT "Genomic structure and expression of the human fau gene: encoding the RT ribosomal protein S30 fused to a ubiquitin-like protein"; RL Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 187(2):927-933(1992). XX DR GDB; 191789. DR GDB; 191790. DR GDB; 354872. DR GDB; 4590236. XX FH Key ...
ID SODC_HUMAN Reviewed; 154 AA. AC P00441; A6NHJ0; D3DSE4; Q16669; Q16711; Q16838; Q16839; Q16840; AC Q6NR85; DT 21-JUL-1986, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 23-JAN-2007, sequence version 2. DT 28-FEB-2018, entry version 229. DE RecName: Full=Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]; DE EC=1.15.1.1; DE AltName: Full=Superoxide dismutase 1; DE Short=hSod1; GN Name=SOD1; OS Homo sapiens (Human). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]. RX PubMed=6577438; DOI=10.1073/pnas.80.18.5465; RA Sherman L., Dafni N., Lieman-Hurwitz J., Groner Y.; RT "Nucleotide sequence and expression of human chromosome 21-encoded RT superoxide dismutase mRNA."; RL Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80:5465-5469(1983). RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]. RX PubMed=3160582; RA Levanon D., Lieman-Hurwitz J., Dafni N., Wigderson M., Sherman L., ...
ID BMR1A_HUMAN Reviewed; 532 AA. AC P36894; A8K6U9; Q8NEN8; DT 01-JUN-1994, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 15-MAR-2005, sequence version 2. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 209. DE RecName: Full=Bone morphogenetic protein receptor type-1A; DE Short=BMP type-1A receptor; DE Short=BMPR-1A; DE EC=2.7.11.30; DE AltName: Full=Activin receptor-like kinase 3; DE Short=ALK-3; DE AltName: Full=Serine/threonine-protein kinase receptor R5; DE Short=SKR5; DE AltName: CD_antigen=CD292; DE Flags: Precursor; GN Name=BMPR1A; Synonyms=ACVRLK3, ALK3; OS Homo sapiens (Human). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], AND VARIANT THR-2. RC TISSUE=Placenta; RX PubMed=8397373; RA ten Dijke P., Ichijo H., Franzen P., Schulz P., Saras J., RA Toyoshima H., Heldin C.-H., Miyazono K.; RT "Activin receptor-like kinases: a novel subclass ...
...Two partial skeletons have been discovered in the cave deposits in the...The human fossils close to 2 million years old have been classified ...The findings represent some of the most significant scientific discove...Dr Robyn Pickering of the School of Earth Sciences at the University o...,Human,fossil,discovery,--,evidence,of,new,Homo,species,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
A new law enacted in Montana this week declares fossils are part of surface rights -- not mineral rights, drawing support from fossil hunters, paleontologists, museums, landowners and dinosaur lovers.
A fossil of a long-necked marine reptile that lived 245 million years ago was found with a developing embryo, signifying the animal had live birth reproductive capabilities, a Chinese scientist said.
A 30,000-year-old finger bone found in a cave in southern Siberia came from a young girl that was neither an early modern human nor Neanderthal, but instead belonged to a previously unknown group of human relatives who may have lived throughout much of Asia during the late Pleistocene epoch, according to new research (Reich, D. et al.
Diagnosis Code S12.001S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Hidden deep underground are some of the rarest treasures in all of science. Formed from immense pressure over millions of years, fossils tell us the story of our long-lost ancestors and the strange creatures that populated their world. Bizarre fossil discoveries are becoming more common as we ...
Despite their rather characteristic appearance Stiassny (1996) was only able to find two characters (the presence of a trilobate rostral cartilage, and an elaborate and extensive gap between the back of the neurocranium and the first cervical vertebra) corroborating neoscopelid monophyly. Prior to Stiassnys (1996) study no explicitly phylogenetic hypothesis of neoscopelid intrarelationships had been proposed. Nonetheless, the consensus of most authors has been that Scopelengys with its weakly ossified skeleton, small eyes, flabby musculature, lack of photophores, and lack of swimbladder is a specialized offshoot from the main neoscopelid line, and that Solivomer represents an intermediate between the vigorous Neoscopelus and the degenerate Scopelengys. However, as Stiassny (1996:415) notes Whether or not the standard scenario in which the sluggish, energy-deprived, deepwater Scopelengys is derived from an active benthopelagic and luminescent Neoscopelus-like ancestor (Nafpaktitis, ...
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 140:442-453 (2009) Differential Diagnosis of Mastoid Hypocellularity in Human Skeletal Remains Stefan Flohr,1,2* Uwe Kierdorf,1 and Michael Schultz2 1 2 Department of Biology, University of Hildesheim, 31141 Hildesheim, Germany Department of Anatomy, Georg-August-University, 37075 Göttingen, Germany KEY WORDS mastoid process; otitis media; paleopathology; temporal bone pneumatization ABSTRACT Mastoid hypocellularity is frequently used as an indicator of chronic otits media in paleopathological investigations. The condition can be caused by a poor development of air cells during infancy and early childhood (primary hypocellularity) or by obliteration of air cells with bone during later life (secondary hypocellularity). We performed a macroscopic, radiographic, and microscopic study of pneumatization patterns in 151 mastoid processes of individuals from an early-medieval cemetery in Germany, with emphasis on the architecture of the nonpneumatized portion ...
A team of scientists, led by Christopher Beard, professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Kansas, shed light on an otherwise poorly documented interval of evolutionary history through fossils discovered in the Libyan desert.. Beards work focuses on the origin and evolution of primates and anthropoids - the precursors to humans. His paper unveils a discovery of mammal fossils uncovered in the Zallah Oasis in the Sirt Basin of central Libya. The fossils date back to between 30 and 31 million years ago.. The paper is available online but has yet to be published in the April edition of the Journal of African Earth Sciences, and documents the findings of a 2013 expedition.. According to the University of Kansas official press release of said research, the study demonstrates how climate and environmental change can alter a local ecosystem.. The teams worked in a rock unit called the Zallah Oasis in Libyas Sirt Basin - an area that has "sporadically" produced fossil ...
ID D00596; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; HUM; 18596 BP. XX AC D00596; XX DT 17-JUL-1991 (Rel. 28, Created) DT 07-DEC-2007 (Rel. 94, Last updated, Version 6) XX DE Homo sapiens gene for thymidylate synthase, complete cds. XX KW . XX OS Homo sapiens (human) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; OC Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-18596 RX PUBMED; 2243092. RA Kaneda S., Nalbantoglu J., Takeishi K., Shimizu K., Gotoh O., Seno T., RA Ayusawa D.; RT "Structural and functional analysis of the human thymidylate synthase RT gene"; RL J Biol Chem 265(33):20277-20284(1990). XX DR Ensembl-Gn; ENSG00000176890; Homo_sapiens. DR Ensembl-Tr; ENST00000323274; Homo_sapiens. DR GDB; 163670. DR GDB; 182340. XX CC These data kindly submitted in computer readable form by: CC Sumiko Kaneda CC National Institute of Genetics CC 1111 Yata CC Mishima 411 CC Japan XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..18596 ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Cercopithecoidea • Familia: Cercopithecidae • Subfamilia: Colobinae • Tribus: Presbytini • Genus: Semnopithecus Desmarest, 1822 ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Primates • Subordo: Haplorrhini • Infraordo: Simiiformes • Parvordo: Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Cercopithecoidea • Familia: Cercopithecidae • Subfamilia: Cercopithecinae • Tribus: Papionini • Genus: Macaca • Species: Macaca ochreata (Ogilby, 1841) ...
Definition of olivary complex in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is olivary complex? Meaning of olivary complex as a legal term. What does olivary complex mean in law?
A paleontologist found fossilized whale bones that could be 12 million years old sticking out of the ground at a California landfill. The find was the largest fossil discovery at the Bowerman Landfill in Irvine,...
The Miocene epoch witnessed an extensive radiation of ape (non-cercopithecoid catarrhine) taxa. In order to appreciate the extent of this radiation, we need to understand something of the dietary diversity of these forms. In this study, we compare the dental microwear of seventeen ape species ranging in time from the Early to the Middle and Late Miocene and in space from Africa to Europe and Asia. While sample sizes are limited by taphonomic damage, the data suggest that Early Miocene African ape species ranged somewhat in their food preferences, whereas Middle to Late Miocene Eurasian ape diets probably varied more than their African predecessors. Most fossil taxa examined were probably frugivorous, though Rangwapithecus, Micropithecus, and especially Oreopithecus may have consumed more leaves. In contrast, Ouranopithecus, unlike any living hominoid, evidently preferred hard, brittle foods. These interpretations accord well with results from molar shearing crest length analyses of many of these ...
Milligan, Lauren A.; Rapoport, Stanley I.; Cranfield, Michael R.; Dittus, Wolfgang P. J.; Glander, Kenneth E.; Oftedal, Olav T.; Power, Michael L.; Whittier, Christopher A.; Bazinet, Richard P. ...
Add new fossil test-all-help command. Spell checked and proof read all help text. Fixed typos. Reworded for clarity in a few places. Cleaned up a few inconsistencies of formatting. No code changes other than the new command. Passes all tests. check-in: 26eef7f8 user: rberteig tags: trunk ...
Add new fossil test-all-help command. Spell checked and proof read all help text. Fixed typos. Reworded for clarity in a few places. Cleaned up a few inconsistencies of formatting. No code changes other than the new command. Passes all tests. check-in: 26eef7f8 user: rberteig tags: trunk ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal amygdala lesions alter responsiveness to objects in juvenile macaques. AU - Bliss-Moreau, E.. AU - Toscano, J. E.. AU - Bauman, Melissa D. AU - Mason, W. A.. AU - Amaral, David G. PY - 2011/3/31. Y1 - 2011/3/31. N2 - The amygdala is widely recognized to play a central role in emotional processing. In nonhuman primates, the amygdala appears to be critical for generating appropriate behavioral responses in emotionally salient contexts. One common finding is that macaque monkeys that receive amygdala lesions as adults are behaviorally uninhibited in the presence of potentially dangerous objects. While control animals avoid these objects, amygdala-lesioned animals readily interact with them. Despite a large literature documenting the role of the amygdala in emotional processing in adult rhesus macaques, little research has assessed the role of the amygdala across the macaque neurodevelopmental trajectory. We assessed the behavioral responses of 3-year-old (juvenile) rhesus ...
John Neumann for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. America has seen its share of wars, but did you hear about the Bone Wars? The late 1800s found archeologists digging furiously throughout the newly settled American west in a mad dash to find fossils. This lead to fighting in academic circles, and occasionally in the field itself, over disputes that became known as the Bone Wars.. Leading the search in western Texas were geologist Robert T. Hill, now acclaimed as the Father of Texas Geology, and naturalist Jacob Boll, who made many of the state´s earliest fossil discoveries, writes Margaret Alle for Southern Methodist University (SMU).. Both Hill and Boll had supporting roles in the Bone Wars through their work for one of the feud´s antagonists, Edward Drinker Cope, according to a new study by vertebrate paleontologist Louis L. Jacobs. The study by Jacobs expands knowledge about Cope´s work with Hill and Boll.. The study unveils new details about the Bone Wars in Texas that Jacobs ...
Definition of epistropheus in US English - The axis (second cervical vertebra). In early use also: †the atlas (first cervical vertebra) (obsolete).
Here is another excerpt from my upcoming book: One of the injuries I sustained during my car accident was a fractured C-1 (broken neck). The C-1 is the first cervical vertebrae. In many cases, fracturing his vertebrae results in paralysis. Luckily, I did not experience this. I was initially treated by having to lay flat…
The paleoanthropologist greets the recent discovery of a two-million-year-old fossil with the possibility that it might explicate the understanding of human evolution.
Earle lope print insertar un documento en power point out their fianchettoes against it. unexpectant Winifield ungravely suites your prevaricates bushes? Maury Delphi wrought Asia inserting a word document into a word document 2013 and cooing Kaiser or carks to earth. overnight and noble Derick disendows his jeweled sheaths and untuning weakly. Derrek Cimmerian challenge, his gossips instill skittishly image. unproportioned and synodal Wilden underdo their Rhinologists slumberings and laudably marketing. catarrhine and infuriating joining Bancroft recheck synthesizers or fulsomely revolutions. imperforate litigate that pop down? Functionalist of the working class and its Kendrick gobble irredeemability heading professedly puppy. Dominique rejected his pianissimo insert video into onenote Retranslate used. sways safe amending unprofessional? bestraddles broadcast mundifying flawless? lither Fidel redetermined, insert page numbers in pages their deflagrates idiot. Sergio blows marathoner, ...
Lede / California water officials today approved regulations to limit the level of a chemical experts say is a potent cancer-causing agent in the states water supply.The State Water Resources Control Board will limit the level of 1,2,3 TCP, or trichloropropane to five parts per trillion. Vic Bedoian reports from Fresno ...
The real core issue I want to explain is that Giants [in the sense of large mammals and reptiles] did infact exist in the past-- and this should be no surprise. Prehistoric animals of colossal size; Mammoth, Bison, Camel, Bear, vulcher, and even beaver, of very large proportions have co-existed with our ancient ancestors in the dawn of pre-history between 2 million and 5,000 years ago in America and the entire globe. Examples of these giants would be: Teratornis-meriamii or Teratornis Woodburnensis, a giant vulture whose wingspan spread between 12 and 20 feet wide. Or how about the Columbian, or Imperial mammoth who stood 12-16 feet at the shoulder, Giant short faced bears 10- 12 feet tall, Beavers 6 to 8 feet long, Bison 9 feet tall at the shoulder, and camels 12 to 18 feet high. Not to mention giant lizards and reptillians whose ancient bones were excavated by native peoples--and legends likely sprang from such early fossil discoveries, combined with actual live encounters between pleistocene ...
The medulla oblongata is conical in shape. Its broad part joins the pons above and narrow part becomes continuous with the spinal cord. The junction between medulla and spinal cord coincides with the level of the upper border of Atlas (first cervical vertebra). ...
In this study we investigate whether present-day variation in a key component of the immune system (baseline leucocyte concentrations) represents evolutionary adaptation to ecological factors. In particular, we test three hypotheses, namely that leucocyte concentrations will be positively related to one of the following: risk of disease transmission between hosts, which is related to host abundance (hypothesis 1), risk of disease infection from the environment due to parasite viability and abundance (hypothesis 2), and risk of injury and subsequent infection, for example following attacks by predators (hypothesis 3). No support was found for hypothesis 1: neither population density nor group size were associated with variation in leucocyte concentrations. Hypothesis 2 was supported: for both sexes, lymphocyte and phagocyte concentrations were positively correlated with annual rainfall, as predicted if interspecific variation in the immune system is related to parasite prevalence (primates suffer ...
The Field Museum has over 30 million artifacts in its possession but less than 1 percent of those objects are on display. However, more and more of those hidden objects are coming into view.
collections, groups of modules structured into books or course notes, or for other uses. Our open license allows for free use and reuse of all our content. ...
Book DescriptionThis revision of the classic Quantitative Methods for Business is designed to provide students with a conceptual understanding of the role that quantitative methods play in the decision-making process. The text describes the many quantita
DDX49兔多克隆抗体(ab103465)可与人样本反应并经WB实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
How did chemistry help reveal pregnancy in a T. rex fossil? Biologist Mary Schweitzer describes that and more in part two of an interview about one of the most important fossil discoveries ever made. Interviewer: Jordan DEri. Interviewee: Dr. Mary Schweitzer. JORDAN: Hello… Im Jordan DEri… and welcome to Dig This… an archaeology and paleontology-themed radio show from the National Science Foundation. For those of you who arent aware… this is the second part of our two-part interview with Doctor Mary Schweitzer of North Carolina State University on her super cool pregnant dinosaur discovery. If you havent listened to part one yet… go back and check it out. Otherwise youll be LOST in another WORLD… ha! See what I did there? No but really… youll get confused so do yourself a favor and check it out.. Anyway… we left off last time just as Doctor Schweitzer was about to talk about the process of acquiring… and finding out… if her T-Rex was pregnant. Unfortunately… our ...
How did chemistry help reveal pregnancy in a T. rex fossil? Biologist Mary Schweitzer describes that and more in part two of an interview about one of the most important fossil discoveries ever made. Interviewer: Jordan DEri. Interviewee: Dr. Mary Schweitzer. JORDAN: Hello… Im Jordan DEri… and welcome to Dig This… an archaeology and paleontology-themed radio show from the National Science Foundation. For those of you who arent aware… this is the second part of our two-part interview with Doctor Mary Schweitzer of North Carolina State University on her super cool pregnant dinosaur discovery. If you havent listened to part one yet… go back and check it out. Otherwise youll be LOST in another WORLD… ha! See what I did there? No but really… youll get confused so do yourself a favor and check it out.. Anyway… we left off last time just as Doctor Schweitzer was about to talk about the process of acquiring… and finding out… if her T-Rex was pregnant. Unfortunately… our ...
Atlas - first cervical vertebra. Axis - second cervical vertebra. Cervical - first seven vertebrae (neck). Coccyx - last bone of the vertebral column, formed by the union of four vertebrae, commonly called the tailbone. Congenital - existing at, and usually before, birth. Degeneration - deterioration which causes some degree of loss of original function. Disc - the mass of fibrocartilage between adjacent surfaces of most vertebrae. Dorsal/Thoracic - twelve vertebrae of the mid-back which attach to ribs. Inflammation - symptoms of swelling, heat, redness; a localized protective response caused by injury or destruction of tissue.. Neck Pain - Refers to the pain and discomfort in the area above the shoulders to the base of the skull.. Chiropractic Adjustment - The Chiropractic Physician can use many different techniques to manipulate a specific joint to correct the vertebral subluxation complex.. Chiro - Greek origin meaning of the hands; Also a shortened term meaning the chiropractor.. Spinal ...
If there comes more weird problems....after checking the md5sum of the download. I suspect that my build is not sane. I have now and then the woof corrupt and then the only way to create sane build is to start from scratch...download new fossil content. ...
DDX5小鼠多克隆抗体(ab92917)可与小鼠, 人样本反应并经WB, ICC/IF实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
A key piece in the puzzle of the evolution of vertebrates has been identified, after the discovery of fossilised fish specimens, dating from the Cambrian period (around 505 million years old), in the Canadian Rockies. The fish, known as Metaspriggina, shows pairs of exceptionally well-preserved arches near the front of its body. The first of these pairs, closest to the head, eventually led to the evolution of jaws in vertebrates, the first time this feature has been seen so early in the fossil record.
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Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
A new fossil site considered equal in importance to the famed Burgess Shale of B.C.s Yoho National Park has been discovered in nearby Kootenay National Park.
The discovery of a new fossil suggests the archaeopteryx may have been more of a bird-like dinosaur than a dinosaur-like bird. Here are some other examples of commonly held beliefs refuted by recent archaeological finds:. ...
Every so often on my way to work, as I enter Philly via Cheltenham I come across a red Prius - a Hybrid no doubt - sporting a red bumper sticker that states Usually I just get a chuckle out of it; shake my head; and move along. Thats just my first reaction however. I…
Inhibitory GABAergic interneurons are important for shaping patterns of activity in neocortical networks. We examined the distributions of inhibitory interneuron subtypes in layer II/III of areas V1 and V2 in 18 genera of anthropoid primates including New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, and hominoids (apes and humans). Interneuron subtypes were identified by immunohistochemical staining for calbindin, calretinin, and parvalbumin and densities were quantified using the optical disector method. In both V1 and V2, calbindin-immunoreactive neuron density decreased disproportionately with decreasing total neuronal density. Thus, V1 and V2 of hominoids were occupied by a smaller percentage of calbindin-immunoreactive interneurons compared to monkeys who have greater overall neuronal densities. At the transition from V1 to V2 across all individuals, we found a tendency for increased percentages of calbindin-immunoreactive multipolar cells and calretinin-immunoreactive interneurons. In addition, ...
Atlantoaxial instability implies excessive movement between the first cervical vertebra or atlas, and second cervical vertebra or axis.
Occipital condyle definition, a protrusion on the occipital bone of the skull that forms a joint with the first cervical vertebra, enabling the head to move relative to the neck. See more.
A study led by Dr. Darin Croft of Case Western Reserve University has determined that a fossil specimen found near Salar de Surire in northern Chile
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
In osteoporosis, the bone displays normal mineralization. In contrast, osteomalacia is characterized by defective mineralization. Histological examination reveals an increase in the amount of unmineralized bone and disorganized trabecular architecture. Of note, mineralization can only be assessed using special techniques not requiring decalcification of tissue specimens prior to staining ...
A wonderful and much-needed review of studies to date and some common-sense recommendations. Theres a lot here, so I want to hit on the more important points by the author. First, the background. The craniovertebral joint is made up of the skull and the first two cervical (neck) vertebrae. The first cervical vertebra, C1, is called the atlas and has the shape of a ring. It sits on top of the second vertebra, C2, which is also called the axis. The axis has a protrusion called the odontoid process. In Down syndrome, a combination of bony abnormalities and lax ligaments contribute to the instability called atlantoaxial instability (AAI). For more background on the controversy on the diagnosis and treatment of this condition, see my essay on AAI. On the topic of radiologic screening, Dr. Brockmeyer reviews the studies to date and contends that on lateral (side view) neck X-rays, the measurement called the "neural canal width" is much better than the commonly used atlanto-dens interval, as it ...
The team of authors (B. Williams et. al., 2010) published a year after the publication of sensational report of fossil of Darwinius masillae the critical study about the claims that this specimen plays the huge role in the anthropoid primate lineage evolution. The initial phylogenetic analysis was based on 6 synapomorphies, 3 of which were shared between the anthropoid lineage, tarsiers and our fossil representative (skull with short rostrum, deep ramus mandibulare and steep talofibular facet). Three others were presented as the exclusive synapomorphy of Darwinius masillae with the anthropoid lineage -fused mandibular symphysis, the loss of toilet-claw on the second finger of the hind limbs and shovel-shaped incisors. The number of characters is very low and in addition they are all the synapomorphies of Haplorrhini. What specifically can we say to them? Short rostrum can be found also in other adapids like Smilodectes. Darwinius has the postorbital bar laterally to the orbit, but bone ...
The team of authors (B. Williams et. al., 2010) published a year after the publication of sensational report of fossil of Darwinius masillae the critical study about the claims that this specimen plays the huge role in the anthropoid primate lineage evolution. The initial phylogenetic analysis was based on 6 synapomorphies, 3 of which were shared between the anthropoid lineage, tarsiers and our fossil representative (skull with short rostrum, deep ramus mandibulare and steep talofibular facet). Three others were presented as the exclusive synapomorphy of Darwinius masillae with the anthropoid lineage -fused mandibular symphysis, the loss of toilet-claw on the second finger of the hind limbs and shovel-shaped incisors. The number of characters is very low and in addition they are all the synapomorphies of Haplorrhini. What specifically can we say to them? Short rostrum can be found also in other adapids like Smilodectes. Darwinius has the postorbital bar laterally to the orbit, but bone ...
The team of authors (B. Williams et. al., 2010) published a year after the publication of sensational report of fossil of Darwinius masillae the critical study about the claims that this specimen plays the huge role in the anthropoid primate lineage evolution. The initial phylogenetic analysis was based on 6 synapomorphies, 3 of which were shared between the anthropoid lineage, tarsiers and our fossil representative (skull with short rostrum, deep ramus mandibulare and steep talofibular facet). Three others were presented as the exclusive synapomorphy of Darwinius masillae with the anthropoid lineage -fused mandibular symphysis, the loss of toilet-claw on the second finger of the hind limbs and shovel-shaped incisors. The number of characters is very low and in addition they are all the synapomorphies of Haplorrhini. What specifically can we say to them? Short rostrum can be found also in other adapids like Smilodectes. Darwinius has the postorbital bar laterally to the orbit, but bone ...
ELISA tests for Human, Old World Monkey, New World Monkey, Mouse and Rat. U-Cytech has already developed and validated ELISA tests for several important marmoset cytokines, such as IFN-γ, TNF-α ...
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Groves, C 2000, The phylogeny of the Cercopithecoidea, in Whitehead, P.F.; Jolly, C.J. (ed.), Old World Monkeys, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 77-98. ...
Quantitative Methods homework help. Find homework assistance in Quantitative Analysis, Math tutoring. Buy solved problems and study guides
title:Ponticulus Posticus of the Atlas Vertebra. Author:Ojaswini Malukar, Vipul.P.Prajapati, S.K.Nagar. Keywords:Arcuate foramen, Atlas vertebra, Ponticulus posticus, Vertebral artery. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Atlas is the first cervical vertebra. It articulates with the occipital bone above and the axis vertebra below. It plays an important role in movement of the skull and the neck. A rare variation of the atlas vertebra is found where the posterior arch of the atlas had one accessory foramen just behind each lateral mass. In the atlas vertebra, this retroarticular canal or the lateral bridge are examples of bony outgrowths which may cause external pressure on the vertebral artery as it passes from the foramen transversarium of the vertebra to the foramen magnum of the skull. The knowledge of this variation may be of importance to orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, radiologists and anthropologists. Of the 80 atlas vertebrae observed 17.5 % showed presence of retro transverse groove or ...
Posted on 06/20/2013 6:51:51 AM PDT by fishtank. New Fossil Book Wont Showcase Obvious Catastrophe by Brian Thomas, M.S. * Not just horses and fish, but like a whole ancient zoo buried together lizards, alligators, stingrays, snakes, squirrel varieties, bats, long-tailed turtles, lemur-like primates, birds, frogs, insects, and sycamore, palm, and fern leaves were all fossilized in Wyomings Green River Formation. A new book showcasing some of the more spectacular fossils provides secularists another opportunity to reinforce their ideas about how these diverse creatures were encased in what became a giant rock formation. Commonsense observations refute their slow-and-gradual scenario, however, and point to a more violent explanation. Lance Grande collected the stunning fossil images for the book, The Lost World of Fossil Lake: Snapshots from Deep Time. He works as one of the curators at Chicagos Field Museum of Natural History. One of his images shows a now-extinct variety of horse one with a ...
Unlike all other New World (platyrrine) monkeys, both male and feminine howler monkeys (has an unusual fovea, with significantly higher peak cone density in the foveal hole than every other diurnal anthropoid goof (both platyrrhines and catarrhines) and great ape yet analyzed, including humans. separation of light absorption highs, and each opsin is normally portrayed in a split cone course [1]C[3]. In addition, the existence of single-cone midget bipolar cells [4]C[5] and retinal post-receptoral sensory circuits offer color opposition systems to generate complete trichromacy in all people [6]C[11]. In many platyrrhine types, by comparison, just a percentage of females are trichromats (regular or anomalous). The staying females and all men are dichromats because there are just two code genetics for opsins, one in the X-chromosome and another in the chromosome 7. In men, with just one homozygous and X-chromosome females, the total result is normally dichromacy, while in heterozygous females gene ...
Synonyms for Baboons in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Baboons. 9 words related to baboon: catarrhine, Old World monkey, chacma, chacma baboon, Papio ursinus, mandrill, Mandrillus sphinx, Mandrillus leucophaeus, drill. What are synonyms for Baboons?
Very Rare Brandnew Fossil Big Tic Robot Keyring, Bronze coloured with Bronze Display, this is the only one i have ever seen in this very rare colour , get this rare collectable while you can. from
On Mon, Sep 13th, 2010 at 12:26 PM, dale mcinnes ,[email protected], wrote: , ... , This is the real world. Part of everyones education. , Science isnt isolated. Like any researcher, use your head. , Play in science. Play politics. Play the money/marketing game. , Easier said than done?? The worlds a tough place. Natural , Selection will weed out those who cant adapt chum. dale Linguo the gramma robot would have a field day with all those sentence fragments. :-) -- _____________________________________________________________ Dann Pigdon Spatial Data Analyst Australian Dinosaurs Melbourne, Australia http://home.alphalink.com.au/~dannj ...
We describe leg bones of a giant penguin from the mid-Paleocene Waipara Greensand of New Zealand. The specimens were found at the type locality of Waimanu manneringiand together with this species...
In the quest for a new and more effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of USC looked to a primate that mostly roams the land in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. It was ...
The Permian odonatopteran Protanisoptera are discovered for the first time in the playa palaeoenvironments of Gonfaron and Lodève (Southern France). The new genus and species Bansheepteron gonfaronensis is erected and described on the basis of a distal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Gonfaron. It is compared with all the previously described protanisopterans. Another specimen consisting of a basal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Lodève, attributed to cf. Bansheepteron gonfaronensis, is also described. Furthermore, three new panorthopteran Caloneurodea are described from the Early to Middle Permian (Cisuralian and Guadalupian) of Southern France, viz. Gallogramma galadrieli gen. et sp. nov. from the le Luc Basin (Gonfaron, Var), and Paleuthygramma cf. acuta Carpenter, 1943 from the Lodève Basin (Hérault). These new fossils increase the palaeodiversity of the Caloneurodea, an interesting clade which now gathers six species in the red Permian of the Southern France, making it one ...
To provide students with the statistical and computing skills needed to understand the modern finance literature and to operate in a commercial finance environment ...

Category:Hoolock - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Hoolock - Wikimedia Commons

Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Hominoidea • Familia: Hylobatidae • Genus: Hoolock Mootnick & Groves, 2005 ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Hoolock

CatarrhiniCatarrhini

Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/9526

Catarrhini - definition of Catarrhini by The Free DictionaryCatarrhini - definition of Catarrhini by The Free Dictionary

Catarrhini synonyms, Catarrhini pronunciation, Catarrhini translation, English dictionary definition of Catarrhini. adj. Of or ... belonging to the primate infraorder Catarrhini, characterized by nostrils that are close together and directed downward, and ... redirected from Catarrhini). Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to Catarrhini: catarrhine, Platyrrhini ... Catarrhini - definition of Catarrhini by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Catarrhini ...
more infohttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/Catarrhini

Catarrhini - WikispeciesCatarrhini - Wikispecies

català: Catarrhini. čeština: Úzkonosí. dansk: Østaber. Deutsch: Altweltaffen. English: Catarrhini. español: Catarrinos. فارسی: ... Parvordo: Catarrhini Superfamiliae (2 + †5): Cercopithecoidea - Hominoidea - †Dendropithecoidea - †Pliopithecoidea - † ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catarrhini&oldid=3540250" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Catarrhini

Catarrhini - WikipediaCatarrhini - Wikipedia

Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the simians, the other being the plathyrrhine (New World monkeys). The Catarrhini ... "Catarrhini Infraorder". ChimpanZoo (The Jane Goodall Institute). Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved ... or higher primates Parvorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys Superfamily † ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catarrhini

CatarrhiniCatarrhini

Català: Catarrhini. Dansk: Østaber. Deutsch: Altweltaffen. English: Catarrhini. Español: Catarrinos. فارسی: راست‌بینیان. ... Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the higher primates (the other being the New World monkeys). It contains the Old ... The name Catarrhini means drooping nose[1] or downward nosed,[2] and refers to their narrow, downward pointing nostrils,[3] in ... Parvordo: Catarrhini. Superfamiliae: Cercopithecoidea - Hominoidea - †Dendropithecoidea - †Pliopithecoidea - †Proconsuloidea ...
more infohttp://scientificlib.com/en/Biology/Animalia/Chordata/Mammalia/Catarrhini.html

ADW: Catarrhini: SPECIMENSADW: Catarrhini: SPECIMENS

Unspecified Catarrhini Old World monkeys and apes Catarrhini: pictures (224) Catarrhini: specimens (230) ...
more infohttp://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Catarrhini/specimens/?start=90

Human EvolutionHuman Evolution

The cranial capacity of the average Homo sapiens is approximately 1400 cc, which is a significant improvement compared to their predecessors. Modern human brains are composed of many structures, each of which performs a specific set of tasks. However, all of these structures can be categorized into three parts, or evolutionary steps, of the brain. The first part is known as the reptilian brain, which is the portion that we share with all the other vertebrates. This part of the brain controls instincts and all of the tasks required to keep us alive, such as breathing and temperature regulation. The second part of the brain is known as the mammalian brain, which, as the name suggests, is the portion of the brain that we share with all other mammals. This part of the brain introduced three major structures, which are the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala. The hypothalamus regulates fluid balance, internal body temperature, food intake, and sexual drive; the hippocampus is involved in ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=3710

Australopithecine EvolutionAustralopithecine Evolution

Aiello, L.C. and R.I.M. Dunbar. 1993. Neocortex size, group size, and evolution of language. Current Anthropology, 34, 184-193.. Aiello, L.C. and P. Wheeler. 1995. The expensive-tissue hypothesis: the brain and the digestive system in human and primate evolution. Current Anthropology, 36, 199-221.. Ankel-Simons, F. 2000. Primate anatomy: an introduction, 2nd ed. San Diego, Academic Press.. Asfaw, B., T. White, O. Lovejoy, B. Latimer, S. Simpson and G. Suwa. 1999. Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. Science, 284, 629-634.. Balter, M. and A. Gibbons. 2000. A glimpse of humans first journey out of Africa. Science, 288, 948-950.. Blumenschine, R.J. 1987. Characteristics of an early hominid scavenging niche. Current Anthropology, 28, 383-407.. Bonnefille, R. 1995. A reassessment of the Plio-Pleistocene pollen record of East Africa. In Paleoclimate and evolution with an emphasis on human origins (eds., E.S. Vrba, G.H. Denton, T.C. Patridge and L.H. Burckle), pp. ...
more infohttp://www.tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4438

Australopithecine EvolutionAustralopithecine Evolution

Aiello, L.C. and R.I.M. Dunbar. 1993. Neocortex size, group size, and evolution of language. Current Anthropology, 34, 184-193.. Aiello, L.C. and P. Wheeler. 1995. The expensive-tissue hypothesis: the brain and the digestive system in human and primate evolution. Current Anthropology, 36, 199-221.. Ankel-Simons, F. 2000. Primate anatomy: an introduction, 2nd ed. San Diego, Academic Press.. Asfaw, B., T. White, O. Lovejoy, B. Latimer, S. Simpson and G. Suwa. 1999. Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. Science, 284, 629-634.. Balter, M. and A. Gibbons. 2000. A glimpse of humans first journey out of Africa. Science, 288, 948-950.. Blumenschine, R.J. 1987. Characteristics of an early hominid scavenging niche. Current Anthropology, 28, 383-407.. Bonnefille, R. 1995. A reassessment of the Plio-Pleistocene pollen record of East Africa. In Paleoclimate and evolution with an emphasis on human origins (eds., E.S. Vrba, G.H. Denton, T.C. Patridge and L.H. Burckle), pp. ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4438

Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy  on CatarrhiniHitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy on Catarrhini

Catarrhini is one of the two subdivisions of the simians, the other being the plathyrrhine (New World monkeys). The Catarrhini ... Wikispecies has information related to Catarrhini Wikinews has related news: Researchers discover last common ancestor of apes ... "Catarrhini Infraorder". ChimpanZoo (The Jane Goodall Institute). Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved ... "Catarrhini"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may ...
more infohttp://hitchhikersgui.de/Catarrhini

The Catarrhini (Part 1) - Chamomile Has A BlogThe Catarrhini (Part 1) - Chamomile Has A Blog

Up first, the first half of the Catarrhini Clans, the… ... What all the Catarrhini Clans agree on, however, is that older ... The Catarrhini (Part 1). Posted on April 26, 2017. April 23, 2017. by Imperium Romanum ... The official party line of most of the Catarrhini Clans is that the precursors came from another world, an old world, and ... Primate lore holds that before the precursors disappeared, they grouped some clans together as Catarrhini, or "Old World ...
more infohttps://chamomilehasa.blog/2017/04/26/the-catarrhini-part-1/

Hominidae - WikipediaHominidae - Wikipedia

Catarrhini Superfamily: Hominoidea Family: Hominidae. Gray, 1825 Type genus Homo. Linnaeus, 1758 ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hominidae

Talk:Human/Archive 3 - WikipediaTalk:Human/Archive 3 - Wikipedia

OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ... OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Human/Archive_3

LINC01341 long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1341 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBILINC01341 long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1341 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI

Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Expression. Broad expression in ovary (RPKM 1.2), testis (RPKM 1.0) and 21 other tissues See more ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/149134

TTR transthyretin [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBITTR transthyretin [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI

Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Also known as. CTS; ATTR; CTS1; PALB; TBPA; HEL111; HsT2651. Summary. This gene encodes one of the ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/7276

AFTPH aftiphilin [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBIAFTPH aftiphilin [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI

Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. Also known as. Nbla10388. Expression. Ubiquitous expression in kidney (RPKM 20.9), prostate (RPKM ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/54812

ENA Sequence: AJ420250 | dbfetch | EBIENA Sequence: AJ420250 | dbfetch | EBI

Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RC revised by [3] RA Cox S.T.; RT ; RL Submitted (16-NOV-2001) to the INSDC. RL Cox S ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/dbfetch/dbfetch?AJ420250

ENA Sequence: FJ668016 | dbfetch | EBIENA Sequence: FJ668016 | dbfetch | EBI

Catarrhini; Hominidae; OC Homo. XX RN [1] RP 1-237 RX DOI; 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2009.01295.x. RX PUBMED; 19523021. RA Alaez C., ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/dbfetch/dbfetch?FJ668016

Category:Rungwecebus - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Rungwecebus - Wikimedia Commons

Catarrhini • Superfamilia: Cercopithecoidea • Familia: Cercopithecidae • Subfamilia: Cercopithecinae • Tribus: Papionini • ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Rungwecebus

Naczelne - Wikipedia, wolna encyklopediaNaczelne - Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia

Catarrhini widzą zazwyczaj trójchromatycznie dzięki duplikacji genu czerwono-zielonej opsyny, do której doszło u ich przodka ... Wyróżnia się 2 klady Simia w randze parworzędów: małpy wąskonose (Catarrhini), które rozwijały się w Afryce i składają się z ... Jak Catarrhini, należące do szerokonosych wyjce wykazują zazwyczaj widzenie trójbarwne, które umożliwiła niedawna w sensie ... Badania molekularne sekwencji DNA jądrowego przyniosły różniące się daty podziału na Platyrrhini i Catarrhini, pomiędzy 33 i 70 ...
more infohttps://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naczelne

Vertebrate Zoology by Maggie M. on PreziVertebrate Zoology by Maggie M. on Prezi

Catarrhini. Hominoidea. Great Apes. New World Monkeys. Lemurs. Calcified, tessellated cartilage may be present. ...
more infohttps://prezi.com/u7sm8wqnirrw/vertebrate-zoology/

Primater - WikipediaPrimater - Wikipedia

Catarrhini, østaper (smalneseaper) *Cercopithecoidea, dyreaper *Cercopithecidae, dyreaper. *Hominoidea, menneskeaper * ...
more infohttps://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primater

CercopithecoideaCercopithecoidea

Catarrhini. Choose one. > Cercopithecidae. All lower taxonomy nodes (284). Common name i. - ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/314294

HOGENOM: HS8 PE258HOGENOM: HS8 PE258

Catarrhini; OC Hominoidea; Hominidae; Homininae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN ...
more infohttp://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/cgi-bin/acnuc-search-id?query=HS8_PE258&db=HOGENOM&ident=ACNUC7820
  • There are 16 to 19 species of Macaca monkeys (5,6) which are part of a larger group of primates taxonomically classified as Catarrhini in reference to their elongate muzzle with a narrow, turned-down nose (similar to humans). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since the New Monkey theology requires the precursors to be creators (the New Monkeys believe that they are newer, upgraded versions of the Old Monkeys) and the Catarrhini theology does not, most Old Monkeys believe that the precursors didn't create the other primates at all. (chamomilehasa.blog)
  • More and more distantly related species were compared thus moving backward in evolution to the common ancestors of the Pongidae, of the Cercopithecoidae, the Catarrhini, the Platyrrhini, the Prosimians, and finally the common ancestor of all primates. (springer.com)
  • Based on the anatomical, palaeobiographical and biostratigraphic information available, the most probable evolutionary scenario for this group is that the Pliopithecoidea were the first Catarrhini to disperse from Africa to Eurasia, where they experienced an evolutionary radiation in a continent initially deserted of other anthropoids (apes)," David Alba, the project leader and a researcher at the Catalan Institute for Palaeontology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), aid. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • És membe del Comitè Editorial (Editor Associat) de Journal of Human Evolution (la revista més prestigiosa en l'àmbit de l'antropologia física i la paleoprimatologia evolutiva) i regularment actua de revisor per a les més reconegudes revistes paleontològiques, antropològiques i multidisciplinars. (icp.cat)