A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.
A reactive vascular proliferation that is characterized by the multiple tumor-like lesions in skin, bone, brain, and other organs. Bacillary angiomatosis is caused by infection with gram-negative Bartonella bacilli (such as BARTONELLA HENSELAE), and is often seen in AIDS patients and other IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOSTS.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in which man is the primary host and the human body louse, Pediculus humanus, the principal vector. It is the etiological agent of TRENCH FEVER.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A family of small, gram-negative organisms, often parasitic in humans and other animals, causing diseases that may be transmitted by invertebrate vectors.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
An intermittent fever characterized by intervals of chills, fever, and splenomegaly each of which may last as long as 40 hours. It is caused by BARTONELLA QUINTANA and transmitted by the human louse.
An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
Diseases of LYMPH; LYMPH NODES; or LYMPHATIC VESSELS.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
INFLAMMATION of the BREAST, or MAMMARY GLAND.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.

Cat-scratch disease with paravertebral mass and osteomyelitis. (1/178)

The case of a 9-year-old girl with cat-scratch disease (CSD) complicated by development of a paravertebral mass and osteomyelitis is presented. Following multiple scratches and inguinal lymphadenopathy, she developed back pain, and imaging demonstrated a paravertebral mass with evidence of osteomyelitis involving vertebra T9. The diagnosis was made on the basis of detection of Bartonella henselae by use of molecular techniques on an aspirate from the vertebral column and supportive serology for infection with B. henselae. Eleven other cases of this unusual manifestation associated with CSD have been reported in the literature and are reviewed. The patient was treated with gentamicin, followed by rifampicin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, orally and made a favorable recovery over 7 months. This is comparable with other case reports, regardless of the choice of antibiotic therapy. CSD in immunocompetent hosts is not always self-limiting, and tissues beyond the lymph nodes can be involved.  (+info)

Detection of Bartonella henselae DNA by two different PCR assays and determination of the genotypes of strains involved in histologically defined cat scratch disease. (2/178)

Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a common cause of subacute regional lymphadenopathy, not only in children but also in adults. Serological and molecular studies demonstrated that Bartonella henselae is the etiologic agent in most cases of CSD. Amplification of B. henselae DNA in affected tissue and detection of antibodies to B. henselae are the two mainstays in the laboratory diagnosis of CSD. We designed a retrospective study and investigated formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded lymph nodes from 60 patients (25 female, 35 male) with histologically suspected CSD by PCR amplification. The sensitivities of two different PCR assays were compared. The first primer pair amplified a 296-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA gene in 36 of the 60 samples, corresponding to a sensitivity of 60%. The second primer pair amplified a 414-bp fragment of the htrA gene in 26 of the 60 lymph nodes, corresponding to a sensitivity of 43.3%. Bartonella DNA could be detected in a total of 39 (65%) of the 60 lymph nodes investigated. However, histopathologic findings are typical but not specific for CSD and cannot be considered as a "gold standard" for diagnosis of CSD. The sensitivity of the PCR assays increased from 65 to 87% if two criteria (histology and serology) were used in combination for diagnosis of CSD. Two genotypes (I and II) of B. henselae are described as being involved in CSD. Genotype I was found in 23 (59%) and genotype II was found in 9 (23%) of the 39 PCR-positive lymph nodes. Seven (18%) lymph nodes were negative in both type-specific PCR assays. Thirty (50%) of our 60 patients were younger than 20 years old (15 were younger than 10 years), 20 (33%) were between 21 and 40 years old, and 10 (17%) patients were between 41 and 84 years old. Our data suggest that detection of Bartonella DNA in patients' samples might confirm the histologically suspected diagnosis of CSD.  (+info)

Clinical and pathologic evaluation of chronic Bartonella henselae or Bartonella clarridgeiae infection in cats. (3/178)

Human Bartonella infections result in diverse medical presentations, whereas many cats appear to tolerate chronic bacteremia without obvious clinical abnormalities. Eighteen specific-pathogen-free cats were inoculated with Bartonella henselae- and/or Bartonella clarridgeiae-infected cat blood and monitored for 454 days. Relapsing bacteremia did not correlate with changes in protein profiles or differences in antigenic protein recognition. Intradermal skin testing did not induce a delayed type hypersensitivity reaction to cat scratch disease skin test antigen. Thirteen cats were euthanatized at the end of the study. Despite persistent infection, clinical signs were minimal and gross necropsy results were unremarkable. Histopathology revealed peripheral lymph node hyperplasia (in all of the 13 cats), splenic follicular hyperplasia (in 9 cats), lymphocytic cholangitis/pericholangitis (in 9 cats), lymphocytic hepatitis (in 6 cats), lymphoplasmacytic myocarditis (in 8 cats), and interstitial lymphocytic nephritis (in 4 cats). Structures suggestive of Bartonella were visualized in some Warthin-Starry stained sections, and Bartonella DNA was amplified from the lymph node (from 6 of the 13 cats), liver (from 11 cats) heart (from 8 cats), kidney (from 9 cats), lung (from 2 cats), and brain (from 9 cats). This study indicates that B. henselae or B. clarridgeiae can induce chronic infection following blood transfusion in specific-pathogen-free cats and that Bartonella DNA can be detected in blood, brain, lymph node, myocardium, liver, and kidney tissues of both blood culture-positive cats and blood culture-negative cats. Detection of histologic changes in these cats supports a potential etiologic role for Bartonella species in several idiopathic disease processes in cats.  (+info)

Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). (4/178)

Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae are fastidious gram-negative bacteria responsible for bacillary angiomatosis, trench fever, cat scratch disease, and endocarditis. During a 5-year period, we received 2,043 samples for culture of Bartonella sp. We found Bartonella sp. to be the etiologic agent in 38 cases of endocarditis, 78 cases of cat scratch disease, 16 cases of bacteremia in homeless people, and 7 cases of bacillary angiomatosis. We correlated the results of positive cultures with the clinical form of the disease, type of sample, culture procedure, PCR-based genomic detection, and antibody determination. Seventy-two isolates of B. quintana and nine isolates of B. henselae from 43 patients were obtained. Sixty-three of the B. quintana isolates and two of the B. henselae isolates, obtained from patients with no prior antibiotic therapy, were stably subcultured. The sensitivity of culture was low when compared with that of PCR-based detection methods in valves of patients with endocarditis (44 and 81%, respectively), skin biopsy samples of patients with bacillary angiomatosis (43 and 100%, respectively), and lymph nodes of cat scratch disease (13 and 30%, respectively). Serological diagnosis was also more sensitive in cases of endocarditis (97%) and cat scratch disease (90%). Among endocarditis patients, the sensitivity of the shell vial culture assay was 28% when inoculated with blood samples and 44% when inoculated with valvular biopsy samples, and the sensitivity of both was significantly higher than that of culture on agar (5% for blood [P = 0.045] and 4% for valve biopsy samples [P < 0.0005]). The most efficient culture procedure was the subculture of blood culture broth into shell vials (sensitivity, 71%). For patients with endocarditis, previous antibiotic therapy significantly affected results of blood culture; no patient who had been administered antibiotics yielded a positive blood culture, whereas 80% of patients with no previous antibiotic therapy yielded positive blood cultures (P = 0.0006). Previous antibiotic therapy did not, however, prevent isolation of Bartonella sp. from cardiac valves but did prevent the establishment of strains, as none of the 15 isolates from treated patients could be successfully subcultured. For the diagnosis of B. quintana bacteremia in homeless people, the efficiency of systematic subculture of blood culture broth onto agar was higher than that of direct blood plating (respective sensitivities, 98 and 10% [P < 10(-7)]). Nevertheless, both procedures are complementary, since when used together their sensitivity reached 100%. All homeless people with positive blood cultures had negative serology. The isolation rate of B. henselae from PCR-positive lymph nodes, in patients with cat scratch disease, was significantly lower than that from valves of endocarditis patients and skin biopsy samples from bacillary angiomatosis patients (13 and 33%, respectively [P = 0.084]). In cases of bacillary angiomatosis for which an agent was identified to species level, the isolation rate of B. henselae was lower than the isolation rate of B. quintana (28 and 64%, respectively [P = 0.003]). If culture is to be considered an efficient tool for the diagnosis of several Bartonella-related diseases, methodologies need to be improved, notably for the recovery of B. henselae from lymph nodes of patients with cat scratch disease.  (+info)

Acute clinical disease in cats following infection with a pathogenic strain of Bartonella henselae (LSU16). (5/178)

Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of human cat scratch disease as well as several serious sequelae of infections, including bacillary angiomatosis and bacillary peliosis. Conflicting reports describe the pathogenesis of B. henselae in the cat. In this study, we characterized a strain of B. henselae termed LSU16. This strain was isolated on rabbit blood agar from a naturally infected 10-month-old female cat during a recurrent episode of bacteremia. The bacterial species was confirmed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Nine cats were infected intradermally with 5 x 10(7) CFU of LSU16, and clinical signs, antibody responses, and bacteremia were monitored. All nine cats developed raised, erythematous areas at the site of inoculation within 72 h postinoculation; the swelling peaked at 14 days postinfection and was not palpable by 28 days postinfection. Fever developed in all nine cats between 6 and 16 days postinfection and lasted for 1 to 8 days. Between 6 and 16 days postinfection, all nine cats experienced lethargy which persisted 5 to 18 days. Seven of nine cats were bacteremic by day 7, and all nine cats had become bacteremic by 14 days postinfection. Bacteremia peaked at 14 to 28 days postinfection in all cats. In six of the nine infected cats, bacterial numbers reached nondetectable levels during the 7th week postinfection; however, a single animal maintained bacteremia to 18 weeks postinfection. All nine cats developed strong antibody responses to B. henselae, as determined by Western blot analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Subsequently, three naive cats were injected intradermally with blood from cats infected with LSU16 from a pure culture, and five naive cats were injected with feces from fleas which had been feeding on cats infected with a pure culture of LSU16. These cats developed signs similar to those described in the previous experiment and were euthanized at 5 weeks postinfection. We conclude that B. henselae LSU16 is a virulent strain of B. henselae in cats and propose that the virulence of B. henselae in cats is strain dependent.  (+info)

Presumed ocular bartonellosis. (6/178)

BACKGROUND: The spectrum of diseases caused by Bartonella henselae continues to expand and ocular involvement during this infection is being diagnosed with increasing frequency. METHODS: The clinical features and visual prognosis for 13 patients with intraocular inflammatory disease and laboratory evidence of bartonellosis were investigated. There were nine patients with neuroretinitis and four with panuveitis with positive antibody titres against B henselae determined by an enzyme immunoassay (IgG exceeding 1:900 and/or IgM exceeding 1:250). RESULTS: Positive IgG levels were found for eight patients and positive IgM levels for five. Despite animal exposure of 10 patients, only two (IgG positive) cases had systemic symptoms consistent with the diagnosis of cat scratch disease. Pathological fluorescein leakage of the optic disc was observed in all affected eyes. At 6 months' follow up, 3/18 (17%) affected eyes had a visual acuity of less than 20/100, owing to optic disc atrophy and cystoid macular oedema. 12 patients (17 eyes) were treated with antibiotics; visual acuity improved two or more Snellen lines for 9/17 (53%) eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of B henselae infection should be considered in patients with neuroretinitis and panuveitis (especially in cases with associated optic nerve involvement) even in the absence of systemic symptoms typical for cat scratch disease.  (+info)

Identification of Bartonella-specific immunodominant antigens recognized by the feline humoral immune system. (7/178)

The seroreactivities of both naturally and experimentally infected cats to Bartonella henselae was examined. Serum samples collected weekly from nine cats experimentally infected with B. henselae LSU16 were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot analysis. The magnitude and isotype of the antibody response were investigated by ELISA. Western blot analysis allowed the identification of at least 24 Bartonella-specific antigens recognized by the cats during infection. Antibody titers to specific antigens, as determined by Western blot analysis, ranged from 10 to 640 and varied among the different antibody-antigen interactions. Absorption of sera from an experimentally infected cat, using whole cells and cell lysates of various Bartonella species and other bacteria that commonly colonize cats, supported the identification of those Bartonella-specific antigens recognized by the experimentally infected cats. Furthermore, a number of possible species- and type-specific antigens were identified. Finally, sera obtained from cats at local animal shelters were screened for the presence of antibodies directed against the Bartonella-specific bands identified in the experimentally infected cats. A number of Bartonella-specific antigens have been identified to which strong antibody responses are generated in both experimentally and naturally infected cats, some of which may be useful in diagnosing species- and/or type-specific infections. In addition, the results from these experiments will lead to the development of monoclonal antibodies targeted against those genus-, species-, and type-specific antigens.  (+info)

Characterization of Bartonella henselae-specific immunity in BALB/c mice. (8/178)

BALB/c mice were inoculated with Bartonella henselae by both systemic and mucosal routes. Culture analysis of tissues from mice infected intraperitoneally with a high dose of B. henselae yielded positive results 24 hr after infection. However, culture analysis of blood taken between 6 hr and 7 days after infection from groups receiving live B. henselae were negative. Following intraperitoneal infection, B. henselae was detected by polymerase chain reaction in liver and mesenteric lymph nodes by 6 hr and up to 7 days after infection in liver, kidney and spleen tissue. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of serum samples collected as early as 13 days after infection indicated humoral immune responses to B. henselae. Specific humoral responses remained through week 6. Analysis of faecal samples revealed induction of B. henselae-specific immunoglobulin A by day 28 after infection. In addition, B. henselae-specific cellular responses were indicated by a positive delayed-type hypersensitivity and a T helper 1 (Th1) (CD4+ T cell)-type cytokine response following in vitro stimulation of splenocytes. The significance and implications of these data in relation to B. henselae infections are discussed.  (+info)

Cat scratch disease is also known as cat scratch fever. This disease strikes people who are infected by the Bartonella henselae bacteria. In almost all cases, cat scratch disease occurs when the person was scratched or bitten by his cat. The cat itself does not catch cat scratch disease. It is just a carrier. Now, before you panic and send your cat to the pound, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (CDC) estimates that 40% of all cats carry this disease at some time in their lives. Considering how many cat owners exist in the world, clearly, this disease is not very infectious or dangerous.. But how do you know whether you were infected by cat scratch disease? The first thing you want to look at is the place your cat bit or scratched you. Is the wound infected? (Note: If you cannot find the wound, then you do not have cat scratch disease.) Then you want to check your lymph nodes. Are the nodes around your head, neck and upper limbs swollen? Do you also have fever, headache, fatigue, and a ...
Cat-scratch disease, also called bartonellosis, is by far the most common zoonotic disease associated with cats. Cat-scratch disease can occur when a person is bitten or scratched by an infected cat. Fleas may also play a role in the transmission of infection. People with cat-scratch disease usually have swollen lymph nodes, especially around the head, neck, and upper limbs. They may also experience fever, headache, sore muscles and joints, fatigue, and poor appetite. Some healthy cats are continuously or intermittently infected with cat-scratch disease bacteria. Avoiding scratches and bites, controlling fleas, and keeping cats indoors all reduce the risk of cat-scratch disease.. Fleas are the most common external parasite of cats. While fleas cannot thrive on humans, their bites can cause itching and inflammation. Fleas may also serve as vectors for cat-scratch and other zoonotic diseases. Flea-infested cats may become infected with tapeworms from fleas ingested while grooming. Children can ...
Cat-scratch disease is an infection you can get after a cat scratches, bites, or licks you. Its caused by bacteria in cat saliva. Its usually not severe.
Cat-scratch disease is seasonal in the United States and Japan; but no data are available from Europe. To assess the seasonality of the disease in France, we analyzed lymph node biopsy specimens collected during 1999-2009. Most (87.5%) cases occurred during September-April and peaked in December.
Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. The bacteria are passed from a cat to a human after the cat licks its paws then scratches human skin. Rubbing the eyes after petting a cats fur can also spread cat scratch disease. Young kittens younger than 1 year of age are more likely to scratch, increasing the likelihood of infection.. ...
Kittens can be diagnosed as cat scratch disease carriers through a simple blood test, and positive kittens can be treated successfully with antibiotics. Because this disease can come back, however, this is not a silver bullet for preventing cat scratch disease. Declawing kittens at an early age is the best way to prevent infection. You should be aware of the ramifications to the cat before declawing it, however. Not only can it be dangerous for the cat to go outside, it can also be psychologically traumatic and cause unexpected complications like arthritis ...
English , R. Cat-scratch disease. Pediatr Rev . vol. 27. 2006. pp. 123-8. (An in-depth review of the clinical features of CSD, including a nice discussion of the etiology and epidemiology of the disease. Also highlights the features of atypical disease in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts.) Reynolds , MG, Holman , RC, Curns , AT, OReilly , M, McQuiston , JH, Steiner , CA. Epidemiology of cat-scratch disease hospitalizations among children in the United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J . vol. 24. 2005. pp. 700-4. (This analysis of a national inpatient database examined the CSD-associated hospitalization rate among children for a specific year. The authors found that despite the increasing incidence of cat ownership from previous years, the overall hospitalization rate for CSD did not increase. They also found that early diagnosis by serologic testing obviated the need for unnecessary intervention.) Bass , JW, Cary Freitas , BC, Freitas , AD. Prospective randomized double blind ...
Lymphoreticulosis Symptoms. EVERYTHING, THAT YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT CATSCRATCH DISEASE (lymphoreticulosis), lymphoreticulosis SYMPTOMS. EFFECTIVE TREATMENT OF CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE. http://www.biofon.ru/eng/treat/catalog/lim.shtml Extractions: Cat-scratch disease (benign lymphoreticulosis) Â- infectious disease associated with a history of scratches, bites from or close contact with a cat. The infecting agent is Bartonella henselae a tiny bacillus of familia Chlamydiae. The host and the source of infection are cats, with the infection agent being a normal part of their mouth flora. Person-to-person transmission of the disease has not been shown. The infection enters through skin wounds causing inflammation. Carried by lymph the infection reaches the nearest lymph node causing its inflammation too. Further the infection spreads with the bloodstream over the system. After convalescence the body develops persistent immunity to the disease. Treating cat-scratch disease (lymphoreticulosis). Symptoms ...
Cat scratch fever is a cat scratch disease that is is caused by bacteria called Bartonella henselea with symptoms that include high fever, anorexia, weakness, and badly swollen lymph nodes.
Cat scratch disease, commonly called cat scratch fever, is an infection caused by Bartonella henselae, a bacterium carried in the saliva of infected cats. According to the KidsHealth website, ...
I dont have any scratches that are not healed or I havent had any that were infected at all. I always clean a scratch even a minor scratch as soon as it happens but previously working as a nurse noticed these symptoms as cat scratch disease although I dont have an infected scratch! Anyways with my lymphnodes being swollen not only under my arm but on my back and the inside of my upper leg I know I have some kind of infection! I am getting an antibiotic shot this afternoon and RX for antibiotics and taking BB to have her tested I was informed by the vet that if she test positive for it they can give her antibiotics to kill the bacteria even though she just had three antibiotic shots for her operation! This is crazy I never knew a cat scratch could be so dangerous . I am so sorry to all of you who have lost loved ones to this it just seems like such a minor problem and maybe that is why people dont think of it as urgent of life threatning! Thanks for all of your responses ...
Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. Research suggests a cat may get these bacteria from fleas. The bacteria are passed from an infected cat to a human after the cat licks an open wound or bites or scratches human skin hard enough to break the surface of the skin. Kittens younger than one year of age are more likely to scratch, increasing the likelihood of infection. ...
Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. The bacteria are passed from a cat to a human after the cat licks its paws then scratches human skin.
Cat scratch disease (CSD), due to Bartonella henselae, is a self-limited chronic lymphadenopathy. A previously healthy 22-year-old woman presented with a palpable painful swelling in the right submandibular region accompanied by enlarged cervical lymph nodes. A diagnosis of B. henselae infection was made according to her personal history that divulged frequent contacts with cats and to a high titre of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM antibodies for this agent. The patient improved within 1 month without the requirement of antibiotic treatment or surgery. The CSD should always be included in the differential diagnosis of all equivocal masses in the neck, especially in young individuals. In addition, it is important that a meticulous personal history is obtained. ...
The diagnostic value of the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM by Bartonella henselae-based indirect fluorescence assay (IFA) and enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) for the diagnosis of cat scratch disease (CSD) was evaluated. The IFA was performed either with B. henselae that was cocultivated for a few hours with Vero cells or with noncocultivated B. henselae as the antigen. Additionally, the performance of a Bartonella PCR hybridization assay based on the 16S rRNA gene was determined and compared with those of the serologic assays. The study group consisted of 45 patients suspected of suffering from CSD by fulfilling one or more of the classical criteria. The specificities of the immunoassays were set at , or = 95% by analysis of sera from 60 healthy blood donors. It is shown that the sensitivities of the IgG assays are very low (40.9% for the IFA with noncocultivated B. henselae as antigen) and that those of the IgM assays are higher (71.4% for the EIA) for patients who fulfilled two or ...
Cats who are infected with cat scratch disease generally dont show any symptoms, but several illnesses seem to be correlated with infection.
Cat bites are bites inflicted upon humans, other cats, and other animals by the domestic cat. (Latin: Felis catus) Though uncommon, sometimes cat bites can lead to complications and very rarely, death. Cat bites are usually considered as minor injuries but can result in serious infection. Not all infections that can be obtained from exposure to a cat are transmitted through a cat bite, like plague. The resident flora in the mouth of the cat includes Pasteurella, Staph, Bartonella, and Streptococcus species. Bites from cats more often develop infections more frequently than dogs. The teeth of a cat are sharp, pointed and can cause deep wounds. After a cat bite, the skin usually healing closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms. The bites from cats can infect a person with: Cat-scratch disease, caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae)Cat-scratch disease is a bacterial disease that people may get after being bitten or scratched by a cat. About 40% of cats carry the bacteria at some ...
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The differential diagnosis of the imaging appearance of NTM infection includes bacterial adenitis, tuberculous adenitis, cat-scratch disease, fungal infection, tularemia, brucellosis, infected branchial cleft cyst, infected lymphatic malformation, treated lymphoma, and other necrotic neoplasms (3, 8). The treatment of choice for NTM adenitis is excision of the affected lymph nodes. Therefore, it is important to distinguish this condition from bacterial adenitis that is usually treated with incision and drainage. In contrast to NTM, common forms of bacterial adenitis and cat-scratch disease tend to produce painful unilateral or bilateral enhancing lymph nodes, which may appear as low attenuation on CT scans if necrotic (15). Extensive stranding of the adjacent subcutaneous fat is a common associated finding.. Tuberculosis usually produces painless bilateral posterior triangle and internal jugular adenitis. Unlike our patients with NTM, tuberculous adenitis typically is seen in a child who is ...
Your mothers warning that a cats scratch could make you ill isnt just a tale concocted to discriminate against cats. Cat scratch fever is an actual disease that cats can contract and pass on through bites and scratches. What Mom may not have told you is that dogs can catch the disease, too, making it ...
Cat scratch fever: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on cat scratch fever at PatientsLikeMe. 15 patients with cat scratch fever experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine, Heating Pad-Hot Packs, Ibuprofen, and Massage Therapy to treat their cat scratch fever and its symptoms.
DIAGNOSIS. Blood culture or fluid aspirated from the joints has the characteristic causative organism.. Animal inoculation: Spirillium minus can be demonstrated.. Blood picture - the disease is accompanied by leucocytosis and sometimes eosinophilia.. TREATMENT. Penicillin is an effective antibiotic for treatment of rat bite fever.. Cauterization of the wound by nitric acid may prevent spread of the disease when this is applied early after the bite.. CAT SCRATCH DISEASE. Cat scratch disease is caused by Gram-negative rods, which are part of the normal bacterial flora of cats, dogs and some other animals.. Most of the patients are children playing with cats, dogs that are a vector for the organism. Infection reaches the skin through traumatization of the skin by the cat scratch or by cat biting.. General manifestations. Fever, malaise and anorexia are not uncommon following the cat scratch. Central nervous system involvement. Purpura, thrombocytopenia and eye involvement are rare complications of ...
Cats can be cute - but they bring home more than mice. Scratches and bites can cause infections, from cat-scratch disease to MRSA bacteria to rabies.
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Keep scratches clean, dry and bacteria-free to make sure they are only fleeting marks on your skin. Apple Footer. Paint a deep-looking scratch or a scratch that appears like an animal scrape. a Along with scratches, people also experience mysterious bite marks and inexplicable bruising. Chill OP, in time the entire face will get scratched and the finish will dull. Why skin gets inflamed when [â ¦] They seem to appear at times in our lives when temptation is near or when weâ re facing a big decision. Ask a question. Apply a small amount of 3µ paste to the scratch, working it in a firm circular motion with the cloth. The symptoms of cat-scratch disease can manifest about three to 14 days after an infected cat bites or scratches a person hard enough to break the skin, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After a few minutes, you should start to see the scratch disappearing. I used to get these daily. And when forensics teams fâ ¦ Toothless the moggy attacked raider ...
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common and usually harmless infectious disease induced by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. It really is most commonly within children carrying out a scuff or bite from a feline within about one or two weeks.. see more at wikipedia. ...
As pet owners we seldom think about how our cat or dogs illness might negatively impact us beyond that of the regular inconvenience of visits to the vets, medical bills, and the cost of prescription drugs, etc. Most illnesses and common ailments that assail pets are non-transferable to humans, leaving us little reason to be concerned for our own welfare. However, though many people are not aware of it, there do exist certain diseases and bacteria which can be passed from a dog or cat to their human owner. Here are some of the illnesses to watch out for.. Cat Scratch Disease: Though the name of the disease sounds nonthreatening and trivial, it is an unpleasant experience to suffer from Cat Scratch Disease. Bacteria can be passed from the cats saliva (if he bites someone) or through this claws (by scratching). The victim would then suffer from fevers, headaches, lethargy, and swollen lymph nodes anywhere from a week to two weeks after the incident. The good news is, only about 40% of cats carry ...
What are the symptoms?. This is not a particularly serious or dangerous disease. It shows up in the form of enlargement of the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are little glands that are a part of your immune system, and they are located in your armpit, groin, neck, and chest. When you get it, they work overtime and can start to swell. This lasts for about a month or so, and they may drain pus. Other symptoms include fevers, lethargy, headaches, and loss of appetite. What is the treatment?. Usually your doctor will just tell you to wait it out. The immune system will heal it on its own within three to six weeks in the vast majority of cases. If the person shows more severe symptoms, the doctor may want to use antibiotics to speed it up. There isnt a cure that will instantly make it go away.. Do I need to get rid of my cat if I get sick?. No. First of all, even most people who get scratched dont get it. Second, this is not a disease that you get multiple times. No one has ever been seen catching it ...
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Her doctors couldnt figure out what was wrong. After some prodding, they told her father that Alexus had cat-scratch disease. Amadeo Rodriguez pushed back on that diagnosis - the family didnt have cats, and there had been no time in the preceding weeks when Alexus could have been scratched by one.. He was skeptical, but he let it go.. The following Monday, he arrived at work and promptly told his supervisor, You know what? Im gonna go. Somethings wrong, and I just have a gut feeling that somethings wrong.. That day, Armadeo Rodriguez pushed doctors for a biopsy. Then, on Wednesday, July 11, 2012, he got the phone call. Alexus had stage four Burkitts lymphoma.. I already knew it, he said. I had a hunch. I had a hunch that it was cancer. … All the signs were there, because I was doing research. And everything that I researched pointed to cancer.. Alexus immediately started chemotherapy. The cancer was in her lymph nodes, her liver and her bone marrow. In total, she had 12 bone ...
Buy Zitrocin Online! Zitrocin is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, such as cat-scratch disease, ear infections, infections of the skin or surrounding tissue, and throat or tonsil infections. Doctors may also prescribe Zitrocin for genital infections and sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, infections of the urethra or cervix, genital ulcers, and severe pelvic inflammatory disease.
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How to Deal With a Cat Scratch. Cats can be playful, quirky, or occasionally aggressive. If you spend time around cats, its quite possible that you will suffer from a cat scratch at some point. Cats have sharp claws that they use to...
Bartonellosis, commonly known as cat scratch disease is an infection triggered by a bacterium that transmits through the bites or scratches of an infected cat.
An enlarged lymph node within the armpit region of a person with cat-scratch illness, and wounds from a cat scratch on the hand. First get your cat used to the thought of having her teeth brushed. Theyll trim your cats nails for you. So though your cat could not love the nail-trimming half, its going to want the deal with afterwards, so it will be much less resistant in the future. Have your helper pet the cat and attempt to keep it in place by holding on to its body without hurting it or scaring it too much.. For long-haired cats: Long-haired cats who live indoors shed all year long and wish grooming classes every few days to remove useless hair and forestall tangles. Place the trimmers halfway between the top of the quick and the claw. These are robust clippers which are good for slicing long, thick nails (however not overgrown nails-large clippers are higher suited to that).. Theyre often attributable to infection, ear mites, fleas or trapped debris that causes your cat to scratch her ...
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Misheard Lyrics, performed by Cat Scratch Fever. Misheard lyrics (also known as mondegreens) are instances of when a song lyric cant be understood, and the mind substitues a new word for you.
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The cat scratch disease (CSD) skin test was once used to help diagnose CSD. The test is no longer used today. There are better methods available to diagnose CSD, such as antibody detection by the EIA test or bacteria detection by a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test.
Enlarged Spleen In Dogs found in: Dog Hemangiosarcoma, Ehrlichia Infection, Dog Malignant Histiocytoma, Dog Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Cat Bartonella and Cat Scratch Disease, …does however, serve an important role..
Catscratch disease, Catscratch fever, Benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis, Cat scratch disease, CSD, Benign lymphoreticulosis, Subacute regional lymphadenitis. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand.
Even seemingly healthy pets can carry parasites, bacteria, or viruses that cause mild to life-threatening illness in their owners.. Of the 250 diseases that can be passed between animals and people, more than 100 can come from household pets, says researcher Bruno Chomel, D.V.M., Ph.D., at the University of California School of Veterinary Medicine.. Dr. Chomels research was published in the February issue of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases. He cited a 69-year-old man whose dog slept under the covers with him and licked his hip replacement wound. The man came down with meningitis. In another incident, a 9-year-old boy picked up plague, a potentially deadly bacterial infection, from sleeping with his flea-infested cat.. But zoonotic diseases can also be passed to people who kiss their pets or are licked by them. In addition to meningitis and plague, other animal-people infections include hookworm, roundworm, and cat scratch disease.. ...
Buy Clarimac Online! Clarimac also is used sometimes to treat other types of infections including Lyme disease (an infection that may develop after a person is bitten by a tick), cryptosporidiosis (an infection that causes diarrhea), cat scratch disease (an infection that may develop after a person is bitten or scratched by a cat), Legionnaires disease, (type of lung ...
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Cat-scratch diseaseEdit. Cat-scratch disease is an infection caused by the bacterial organism Bartonella henselae, typically ... blastomycosis and cat scratch disease. Examples of non-infectious granulomatous diseases are sarcoidosis, Crohn's disease, ... aspiration pneumonia or cat-scratch disease. In terms of the underlying cause, the difference between granulomas and other ... The granulomas in this disease are found in the lymph nodes draining the site of the scratch. They are characteristically " ...
Cat scratch disease occurs worldwide. Cats are the main reservoir of Bartonella henselae, and the bacterium is transmitted to ... English CK, Wear DJ, Margileth AM, Lissner CR, Walsh GP (March 1988). "Cat-scratch disease. Isolation and culture of the ... This agent was considered the cause of cat-scratch Disease (CSD) but further studies failed to support this conclusion. ... Cat-scratch disease". Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 16 (2): 163-79. doi:10.1097/00006454-199702000-00002. PMID 9041596. ...
Infectious causes of lymphadenopathy may include bacterial infections such as cat scratch disease, tularemia, brucellosis, or ... Klotz, SA; Ianas, V; Elliott, SP (2011). "Cat-scratch Disease". American Family Physician. 83 (2): 152-155. PMID 21243990. ... hyaline-vascular variant of Castleman's disease, Rosai-Dorfman disease, Kawasaki disease, Kimura disease Benign lymphadenopathy ... cat-scratch disease). The most distinctive sign of bubonic plague is extreme swelling of one or more lymph nodes that bulge out ...
Domestic cat. Cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatis, endocarditis, bacteremia with fever, ... "Cat scratch disease and arthropod vectors: more to it than a scratch?". J Am Board Fam Med. 23 (5): 685-6. doi:10.3122/jabfm. ... Bartonella bacteria are associated with cat-scratch disease, but a study in 2010 concluded, "Clinicians should be aware that ... a history of an animal scratch or bite is not necessary for disease transmission." [11] All current Bartonella species ...
Often caused by Bartonella henselae (cat scratch disease). v t e. ...
"Cat Scratch Disease in Connecticut-Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Evaluation of a New Diagnostic Test." New England Journal of ... "Cat Scratch Disease in Connecticut-Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Evaluation of a New Diagnostic Test." New England Mazur- ... "Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures." Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postȩpy Dermatologii i ... "Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures." Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postȩpy Dermatologii i ...
September 1998). "Cat scratch disease: the rare role of Afipia felis". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 36 (9): 2499-502. doi: ... Formerly the Cat Scratch Disease Bacillus), Afipia clevelandensis sp. nov. (Formerly the Cleveland Clinic Foundation Strain), ... It was formerly thought to cause cat-scratch disease. It is a Gram-negative, oxidase-positive, nonfermentative rod in the alpha ... a putative etiologic agent of cat scratch disease". Infection and Immunity. 60 (6): 2281-7. doi:10.1128/IAI.60.6.2281-2287.1992 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Arlet G, Perol-Vauchez Y (1991). "The current status of cat-scratch disease: an update ... and the discovery of the causative agent of cat-scratch disease. Sarikcioglu L, Sindel M (2007). "Pierre Mollaret (1898-1987) ... A rare disease characterized by recurrent episodes of aseptic meningitis was discovered by Mollaret and named after him - ... called Mollaret's meningitis; this disease is typically caused by herpes simplex virus infection of the CNS, and rarely by ...
formerly the cat scratch disease bacillus), Afipia clevelandensis sp. nov. (formerly the Cleveland Clinic Foundation strain), ...
Bartonella bacteria cause cat scratch disease, trench fever, and Carron disease. These bacteria may be spread through contact ... Bartonella pathogens (which can cause cat scratch disease, trench fever, and Carron disease) and various viruses were also ... Viral diseases spread by rats include rat-bite fever and hemorrhagic fevers caused by Seoul hantavirus. A survey conducted by ... While at least 18 of the viruses found are known to cause disease in humans, it is unclear how infectious the rats are to ...
... is a zoonotic pathogen which can cause cat scratch disease. Clinical and Pathologic Evaluation of ... cat scratch disease)". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 35 (7): 1813-8. doi:10.1128/JCM.35.7.1813-1818.1997. PMC 229848. PMID ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 17 (9): 1773-1775. doi:10.3201/eid1709.102063. PMC 3322077. PMID 21888825. Kordick, D. L.; ...
... and cat-scratch disease. Examples of noninfectious granulomatous diseases are sarcoidosis, Crohn's disease, berylliosis, ... Cat-scratch disease is an infection caused by the bacterial organism Bartonella henselae, typically acquired by a scratch from ... or cat-scratch disease. In terms of the underlying cause, the difference between granulomas and other types of inflammation is ... The granulomas in this disease are found in the lymph nodes draining the site of the scratch. They are characteristically " ...
It is also important for confirmation of Bartonella henselae, a causative organism in cat-scratch disease. Warthin-Starry ...
"Adult systemic cat scratch disease associated with therapy for hepatitis C". BMC Infectious Diseases. 7: 8. doi:10.1186/1471- ... DiseasesEdit. Interferon beta-1a and interferon beta-1b are used to treat and control multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune ... Long SS, Pickering LK, Prober CG (2012). Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. ... Kidd, P. "Th1/Th2 Balance: the hypothesis, its limitations, and implications for health and disease". Alternative Medicine ...
Most cases are caused by cat-scratch disease, although it is an unusual feature of this condition. Occasionally it may be ...
It also contains animal-associated bacteria such as Afipia felis, formerly thought to cause cat-scratch disease. Others are ...
"Cat-Scratch Disease , Prevention". Familydoctor.org. 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2016-05-22.. ... depending on the cat's scratching habits).[69] Other alternatives include regular nail trimming; directing scratching behavior ... Cat owners' attitudes toward declawing. Anthrozoos 1991;4:192-197. *^ Landsberg GM. Feline scratching and destruction and the ... Without the ability to expose its claws, the cat is unable to wear down or groom its claws. For this reason, the cat ...
Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana from fleas which are endemic in cats. Toxocariasis ... Major modern diseases such as Ebola virus disease and salmonellosis are zoonoses. HIV was a zoonotic disease transmitted to ... Many modern diseases, even epidemic diseases, started out as zoonotic diseases. It is hard to establish with certainty which ... Most human diseases originated in animals; however, only diseases that routinely involve non-human to human transmission, such ...
Journal of Clinical Investigation 80:1238-1244, 1987 Cat-Scratch Disease, Bacillary Angiomatosis, and Other Infections due to ... His work earned the Oswald Avery Award of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and an Outstanding Faculty Award from the ... He has chaired UVA's Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health since 2001. In his laboratory, Petri studies ... He has led and competitively renewed the Infectious Diseases T32 training program since 1996, and founded, led and ...
The differential diagnosis includes non-neoplastic causes of lymphadenopathy (e.g. cat-scratch fever, Kikuchi disease) and ... "Progressive transformation of germinal centers with and without association to Hodgkin's disease". Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 93 (2 ...
Other uses include cat scratch disease and other infections due to bartonella, cryptosporidiosis, as a second line agent in ... This includes strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, H. pylori infection, and Lyme disease, among others. Clarithromycin can ... in patients with heart disease" (PDF). FDA Drug Safety Communication. Medicine portal. ... Lyme disease and toxoplasmosis. It may also be used to prevent bacterial endocarditis in those who cannot take penicillin. It ...
Beyond cat scratch disease: a case report of bartonella infection mimicking vasculitic disorder. Case Rep Infect Dis. 2012;2012 ... Tangier disease is also linked to CL abnormalities. Tangier disease is characterized by very low blood plasma levels of High- ... and an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Unlike Barth syndrome, Tangier disease is mainly caused by ... Heart disease is twice as common in people with diabetes. In diabetics, cardiovascular complications occur at an earlier age ...
It is used to find the organisms that cause cat-scratch disease (Bartonella henselae) and syphilis (Treponema pallidum) and ...
... cat-scratch disease, histoplasmosis, coccidiomycosis and salmonella. Common animal reservoirs include: bats, rodents, cows, ... In infectious disease ecology and epidemiology, a natural reservoir, also known as a disease reservoir or a reservoir of ... Humans serving as disease reservoirs can be symptomatic (showing illness) or asymptomatic (not showing illness), act as disease ... "Zoonotic Diseases: Disease Transmitted from Animals to Humans - Minnesota Dept. of Health". health.state.mn.us. Retrieved 2018- ...
"Bartonella Infection (Cat Scratch Disease, Trench Fever, and Carrión's Disease)". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-17. " ... Carrion's disease is an infectious disease produced by Bartonella bacilliformis infection. It is named after Daniel Alcides ... Some studies have suggested a link between Carrion's disease and heart murmurs due to the disease's impact on the circulatory ... Carrion's Disease) in the pediatric population of Peru: an overview and update". Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 8 (5 ...
Many cat bites will become infected, sometimes with serious consequences such as cat-scratch disease, or, more rarely, rabies. ... Cats portal Cat behavior Domestication of animals Puppy cat Ship's cat Cats and the Internet "About Pets". IFAH Europe. ... The domestic cat is also an excellent model for human infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS. Feline immunodeficiency virus ( ... Cat fur is used in coats, gloves, hats, shoes, blankets and stuffed toys. About 24 cats are needed to make a cat fur coat. This ...
... cat-scratch disease and toxoplasmosis. In ancient Egypt, cats were worshipped, and the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat ... in cats Cat bite Cat café Cat collar Cat lady Cat lover culture Cat meat Cats and the Internet Dog-cat relationship Dried cat ... A cat can either be a house cat, a farm cat or a feral cat; the latter ranges freely and avoids human contact. Domestic cats ... In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease, However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The ...
... see Cri du chat Cat eye syndrome Cat Rodrigues syndrome Cat scratch disease Cataract Cataract, congenital ichthyosis Cataract ... Marie-Tooth disease type 1A Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1C Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ... Marie-Tooth disease type 2C Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2D Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4A Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ... d Charcot disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease deafness dominant type Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ...
Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat scratch disease, a normally harmless disease, but, in people with a weakened ... TAAs are just one of many methods bacteria use to infect their hosts, infection resulting in diseases such as pneumonia, sepsis ... All Trimeric Autotransporter Adhesins are crucial virulence factors that cause serious disease in humans. The most-studied and ...
This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Acne can occur on cats,[198] dogs,[199] and horses.[200][201] ... which occurs when a person persistently picks and scratches ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Oroya fever. *Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection. *β: Gonococcemia/Gonorrhea/Primary gonococcal dermatitis ... disease,[4] Filatov's disease, or fourth disease. Although Dukes identified it as a separate entity, it is thought not to be ... Ritter's disease of the newborn is the most severe form of SSSS, with similar signs and symptoms. SSSS often includes a ... The disease presents with the widespread formation of fluid-filled blisters that are thin walled and easily ruptured, and the ...
Cat-scratch disease Bartonella henselae cats bites or scratches from infected cats ... Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana from fleas which are endemic in cats. Toxocariasis ... Further information: Feline zoonosis. Pets can transmit a number of diseases. Dogs and cats are routinely vaccinated against ... Infectious disease. Major modern diseases such as Ebola virus disease and salmonellosis are zoonoses. HIV was a zoonotic ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 17 April 2015. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 9 ... A 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ... Bryan, Charles S. (2002). Infectious diseases in primary care. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. p. 319. ISBN 978-0-7216-9056-8. . ...
... the eczematous itchy skin disease flea allergy dermatitis is common in many host species, including dogs and cats.[26] The ... Fleas can lead to hair loss as a result of frequent scratching and biting by the animal, and can cause anemia in extreme cases. ... Hays, J. N. (1998). The Burdens of Disease: Epidemics and Human Response in Western History. Rutgers University Press. pp. 58 ... Stein, Ernst (2003). Anorectal and colon diseases: textbook and color atlas of proctology. Springer. p. 478. ISBN 978-3-540- ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Oroya fever. *Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection. *β: Gonococcemia/Gonorrhea/Primary gonococcal dermatitis ... Perianal abscesses can be seen in patients with for example inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease) or diabetes. ... Elston, Dirk M. (2009). Infectious Diseases of the Skin. London: Manson Pub. p. 12. ISBN 9781840765144. Archived from the ... The Infectious Diseases Society of America advises that the draining of an abscess is not enough to address community-acquired ...
2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6.. .mw-parser- ... They are also capable of surviving on domestic cats and dogs, though humans are the preferred host of C. lectularius.[25] ... The signs left by the bites are the same as in case of people and cause identical symptoms (skin irritation, scratching etc).[ ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2018.. ...
A28.1) Cat-scratch disease. (A30-A49) Other bacterial diseases[संपादित करें]. *(A30.) Leprosy (Hansen's disease) ... B20.7) HIV disease resulting in multiple infections. *(B20.8) HIV disease resulting in other infectious and parasitic diseases ... B20.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease Resulting in infectious and parasitic diseases *(B20.0) HIV disease resulting ... B22.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease Resulting in other specified diseases *(B22.0) HIV disease resulting in ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... "John Snow: A Legacy of Disease Detectives". US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2021-01-20.. ... John TJ, Rajappan K, Arjunan KK (August 2004). "Communicable diseases monitored by disease surveillance in Kottayam district, ... has discouraged the disease from being romanticized, or even the actual factual presentation of the disease in popular culture. ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... "WHO , Diarrhoeal Diseases". Archived from the original on 15 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19.. ... Transmission is fecal-oral and is remarkable for the small number of organisms that may cause disease (10 ingested organisms ... "Trend and disease burden of bacillary dysentery in China (1991-2000)". Bull. World Health Organ. 84 (7): 561-8. doi:10.2471/ ...
"Making Chocolate from Scratch" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 March 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2011.. ... Katz DL, Doughty K, Ali A. Cocoa and chocolate in human health and disease. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011;15(10):2779-2811. doi: ... including dogs and cats.[82] ... largely to disease, cacao production was often the work of poor ... and cocoa are under preliminary research to determine if consumption affects the risk of certain cardiovascular diseases[90] or ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Oroya fever. *Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection. *β: Gonococcemia/Gonorrhea/Primary gonococcal dermatitis ... persons with diabetes and immune system diseases are more likely to develop infections (especially bacterial infections of the ...
Infections: HIV, bacillary peliosis (caused by genus Bartonella, bacteria responsible for cat-scratch disease which are ... Sleisenger, Marvin (2006). Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company. ... Malignancy: Monoclonal gammopathies (multiple myeloma and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia), Hodgkin disease, malignant ... "Role of endothelial cell injury in the spectrum of azathioprine-induced liver disease after renal transplant: light microscopy ...
In humans, it goose bumps can even extend to piloerection as a reaction to hearing nails scratch on a chalkboard, listening to ... Some authors have applied "goosebumps" to the symptoms of sexually-transmitted diseases.[3] "Bitten by a Winchester goose" was ... and in frightened cats. ... Piloerection is also a classic symptom of some diseases, such ...
Aminoindani: 5-IAI • AMMI • ETAI • MDAI • MDMAI • MMAI • TAI; Aminotetralini: 6-CAT • 8-OH-DPAT • MDAT • MDMAT; Oksazolini: 4- ... "Itch: scratching more than the surface". QJM : Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 96 (1): 7-26. PMID 12509645 ... "Itch in systemic disease: therapeutic options". Dermatologic Therapy 18 (4): 323-7. PMID 16297004. doi:10.1111/j.1529- ...
The stores carry new, one-of-a-kind, out of a carton, discontinued, used, scratched and dented merchandise at 20-60% off ... medical treatment of eye diseases, urgent care, cataract and glaucoma surgery consultation/referrals, "Advanced Testing ... Cat & Co - Cat supplies. *Champion Breed - Dog supplies. *Colormate - Bedding and bath accessories[159] ...
Scratching the ground after defecating is a visual sign pointing to the scent marking.[1]:253 ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... Clinical Infectious Diseases; Vol. 31 Issue 4 (10/1/2000), p1079. *^ DuPont, H (2007). "Therapy for and Prevention of ... Feldman, Mark (2015). Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management ( ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. November 21, 2006. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008.. ...
... or neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. These conditions can cause anosmia. In ... Doctors can detect damage to the olfactory system by presenting the patient with odors via a scratch and sniff card or by ... from the Amygdaloid Complex and Adjacent Olfactory Structures to the Entorhinal Cortex and to the Subiculum in the Rat and Cat ... These diseases have more moderate effects on the olfactory system than Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases.[31] Furthermore, ...
EG: Without context, who are "Na Bána"?) Also the formatting is not always fully up to scratch in the new context. (Heading ... Is féidir leat a thaispeáint dúinn bhur dtacaíocht a ghreamú an teimpléad seo: Wikimedia CAT chun do leathanach úsáideora. Go ... Graves' disease (the most common etiology with 70-80%). *Toxic thyroid adenoma ...
Scratching the site of the bite causes the trypomastigotes to enter the host through the wound, or through intact mucous ... Tropical diseases. *Cat diseases. Hidden categories: *CS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt). *CS1 Spanish-language sources (es) ... The disease cannot be cured in this phase, however. Chronic heart disease caused by Chagas disease is now a common reason for ... Association for the Promotion of Independent Disease Control in Developing Countries. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h i j ...
Cowpox is a disease. This disease affects the skin. It is caused by a virus (Cowpox virus) that is related to the Vaccinia ... It is from these rodents that domestic cats get the virus. Symptoms in cats include lesions on the face, neck, forelimbs, and ... So he used the fluid he got from cowpox lesions, and scratched it into healthy people. That way, he could make those people ... People (or animals) who have the disease have red blisters. The disease can be spread by touch from cows to humans. The virus ...
Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 45 (3): 802-07. doi:10.7589/0090-3558-45.3.802. PMID 19617492. S2CID 13466300.. ... A program conducted between 2002 and 2004 eradicated the feral cats[62] and a few birds have returned to nest on the island.[63 ... bathe and clean themselves in flight by flying low and splashing at the water surface before preening and scratching afterwards ... but the colonies were exterminated by feral cats introduced in 1815. The birds continued to breed on a rocky outcrop just off ...
Hematologic disease: Monocyte and granulocyte disease (CFU-GM/CFU-Baso/CFU-Eos), including immunodeficiency (D70-D71, 288) ... It occurs in humans, cattle, blue Persian cats, Australian blue rats,[3] mice,[4] mink,[4] foxes,[4] and the only known captive ... CHS is a disease causing impaired bacteriolysis[7] due to failure of phagolysosome formation. As a result of disordered ... The disease is characterised by large lysosome vesicles in phagocytes (neutrophils), which thus have poor bactericidal function ...
Watson, Tim D. G. (1998). "Diet and Skin Disease in Dogs and Cats". The Journal of Nutrition. 128 (12): 2783-2789.. ... Skin disorders may be primary or secondary (due to scratching, itch) in nature, making diagnosis complicated.[1] ... Dog Health Guide, Disease and Conditions Canine Skin 2011 *^ a b c "Autoimmune Skin Disease in Dogs". vca_corporate. Retrieved ... Autoimmune skin diseases[edit]. Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune disease of the dog.[2] Blisters in the ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *either henselae or quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... 2003). "Stress, but not Helicobacter pylori, is associated with peptic ulcer disease in a Thai population". J Med Assoc Thai. ... Snowden FM (2008). "Emerging and reemerging diseases: a historical perspective". Immunol. Rev. 225: 9-26. doi:10.1111/j.1600- ... See also: Timeline of peptic ulcer disease and Helicobacter pylori. ಈ ರೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮಜೀವಿಗಳೇ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಕಾರಣ ಎಂದು ತಿಳಿದುಬರುವ ...
Cat massage. *Cat meat. *Cat-scratch disease. *Cat show. *Cats in ancient Egypt ... "Cat Anatomy". cat-chitchat.pictures-of-cats.org. 9 July 2008.. *^ Lacquaniti, F.; Grasso, R.; Zago, M. (1 August 1999). "Motor ... The nose helps cats to identify territories, other cats and mates, to locate food, and for various other causes.[3] A cat's ... "Cat claw" redirects here. For the superhero, see Cat Claw. For the plant species, see Cat's claw. ...
Cat massage. *Cat meat. *Cat-scratch disease. *Cat show. *Cats in ancient Egypt ... household pet cat registry, domestic cat registry, Savannah cat, Bengal cat, Persian cat, Maine Coon cat" (PDF). Tica.org. ... "Welcome to TICA - The International Cat Association, TICA cats, TICA pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats registry, ... Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Abyssinian /æbɪˈsɪniən/ is a breed of domestic short-haired cat (ድመት) with a distinctive " ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ... Meningococcal Disease: Frequently Asked Questions *^ Henry, Ronnie (July 2017). "Etymologia: Meningococcal Disease". Emerg ... 13: Meningococcal Disease". In Atkinson W, Wolfe S, Hamborsky J. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases ( ... Infectious disease, critical care medicine. Meningococcal disease describes infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria ...
... you may have cat scratch disease, also called cat scratch fever. Find out more. ... If you feel sick after a you have been scratched or bitten by a cat, ... Cat-Scratch Disease (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish * Cat-Scratch Disease (Centers for Disease Control ... Cat scratch disease (CSD) is an illness caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. Almost half of all cats carry the ...
The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións ... p>Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. ... What is cat scratch disease (CSD)?. Cat scratch disease is a ... "cat scratch disease." How worried should we be?. Most cat scratches do not result in cat scratch disease, and short of cleaning ... Cats become infected with Bartonella (the bacteria that cause cat scratch disease) through flea bites or, less commonly, fights ...
Its caused by bacteria in cat saliva. Its usually not severe. ... disease is an infection you can get after a cat scratches, ... Cat-scratch disease is an infection you can get after a cat scratches, bites, or licks you. It is caused by bacteria in cat ... Tags: Bartonella Henselae, Cat scratch disease, cat scratch fever, CSD, disease transmitted by pets ... Cat-scratch disease is also called cat-scratch fever. It is not a severe illness in healthy people. But it can be a problem for ...
Definition Cat-scratch disease [2] is an uncommon infection that typically results from a cats scratch or bite. Most sufferers ... Cat-scratch disease. Definition. Cat-scratch disease is an uncommon infection that typically results from a cats scratch or ... Cat-Scratch Disease. Definition. Cat-scratch disease is an uncommon infection that typically results from a cats scratch or ... Cat-scratch disease (also called cat-scratch fever ) is caused by the Bartonella henselae bacterium, which is found in cats ...
Cat-scratch disease is an infection with bartonella bacteria that is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, cat bites, or ... Cat-scratch disease is an infection with bartonella bacteria that is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, cat bites, or ... Cat-scratch disease is caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. The disease is spread through contact with an infected cat ( ... If you have swollen lymph nodes and a scratch or bite from a cat, your health care provider may suspect cat-scratch disease. ...
However, some animals can also pass diseases to people. These diseases are called zoonoses. ... Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection spread by cats. The disease spreads when an infected cat licks a persons ... An enlarged lymph node in the armpit region of a person with cat-scratch disease, and partially healed wounds from a cat ... Cat-scratch disease in children-Texas, September 2000-August 2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2002 Mar;51(10):212- ...
Cat scratch disease is an infection that causes swelling of the lymph nodes after a cat scratch or bite. Learn about signs and ... Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection that a person can get after being scratched, licked, or bitten by a cat or kitten. ... Cat scratch disease is not contagious from person to person. The bacteria are spread by the scratch or bite of an infected ... Doctors usually diagnose cat scratch disease based on a childs history of exposure to a cat or kitten and a physical ...
The doctor thinks my daughter has cat scratch disease. A lymph node above her collarbone has been red and inflamed for two or ... Donohue: The doctor thinks my daughter has cat scratch disease. A lymph node above her collarbone has been red and inflamed for ... From three to 10 days after a germ-carrying cat scratches or bites a person, a large, pimplelike eruption surfaces at the site ... Since scratches and bites are most often on the arms and hands, it is the nodes of the neck, under the arms or adjacent to the ...
Cat scratch disease presenting as breast mastitis.. Gamblin TC1, Nobles-James C, Bradley RA, Katner HP, Dale PS. ... Cat Scratch Disease - Genetic Alliance. *Breast Diseases - MedlinePlus Health Information. *Cat Scratch Disease - MedlinePlus ...
Cat scratch disease or cat scratch fever passes from cat to human through scratches. Usually, cat scratch fever affects ... How Cat Scratch Disease Spreads. Discovered in 1889 and named in 1931, cat scratch disease occurs when a feline is carrying the ... Prevention Methods for Your Cat. To keep your cat from spreading the bacteria that causes cat scratch disease and from ... Symptoms of Cat Scratch Fever in Humans. Once a human has been scratched by a cat sick with Bartonella, the bacteria multiply ...
Cat scratch disease, also known as cat scratch fever, is the most common disease spread by cats. It is the result of the ... bacteria Bartonella henselae and is spread by a cat either biting or... ... How to Recognize Symptoms of Cat Scratch Disease. ... Cat scratch disease, also known as cat scratch fever, is the ... Recognize-Symptoms-of-Cat-Scratch-Disease-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Recognize-Symptoms-of-Cat-Scratch-Disease-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl ...
Cat scratch disease (CSD), also known as cat scratch fever, is a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae. Most ... sufferers of CSD have been scratched or bitten by a cat. The disease is not usually... ... Cat scratch disease (CSD), also known as cat scratch fever, is a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae. Most ... www.bphc.org/whatwedo/infectious-diseases/Infectious-Diseases-A-to-Z/Pages/Cat-Scratch-Disease.aspx ...
... also known as catscratch fever or subacute regional lymphadenitis, is a bacterial infection affecting lymph nodes that drain ... encoded search term (Cat Scratch Disease (Cat Scratch Fever)) and Cat Scratch Disease (Cat Scratch Fever) What to Read Next on ... Cat Scratch Disease (Cat Scratch Fever) Medication. Updated: Dec 04, 2018 * Author: Stephen J Nervi, MD; Chief Editor: Michael ... Cat Scratch Disease (Cat Scratch Fever) * Sections Cat Scratch Disease (Cat Scratch Fever) ...
Cat scratch disease: posterior segment manifestations.. Solley WA1, Martin DF, Newman NJ, King R, Callanan DG, Zacchei T, ... Isolated foci of retinitis or choroiditis were the most common ocular manifestation of cat scratch disease in the authors ... To evaluate the posterior segment findings seen in ocular cat scratch disease. ... Cat Scratch Disease - Genetic Alliance. *Cat Scratch Disease - MedlinePlus Health Information. Miscellaneous. *NCI CPTAC Assay ...
... Commonly abbreviated as CSD, Cat Scratch Disease is an infectious disease ... To prevent CSD, cat owners should be careful not to get scratched and bitten by cats, especially when they are still kittens. ... It is impossible to tell whether or not a cat can spread the disease to their owner. ... If you experience a wound from a cat, wash the wounds thoroughly with soap and water. Avoid coming in contact with your cat if ...
Cat fleas are respon- sible for horizontal transmission of the disease from cat to cat, and on occasion, arthropod vectors ( ... fleas or ticks) may transmit the disease to humans. Cat-scratch disease is commonly diagnosed in children, but adults can ... Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment. If an antibiotic is chosen, ... Infrequently, cat-scratch disease may present in a more disseminated form with hepatosplenomegaly or meningoencephalitis, or ...
... causing a condition called cat scratch disease, which affected his penile nerves. ... A man experienced erectile dysfunction after his cat scratched him, ... Plus, most scratches from cats dont result in cat scratch disease at all, the CDC says. So no need to worry about your furry ... So how could cat scratch disease affect your penis? Its actually a very "atypical" presentation of the disease, the doctors ...
Do you know which doctor should you consult if you have Cat Scratch Disease. This and other commonly asked questions about this ... Who treats Cat Scratch Disease (CSD)?. The treatment of CSD is symptomatic. Hence the following group of doctors are employed ... Drugs for Cat Scratch Disease. Doxycycline. This medication is broad-spectrum antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of ... New Infectious Diseases recognized in India. This section describes about New Infectious Diseases recognized in India ...
Cat scratch disease, in healthy patients, does not require treatment as it is a self-limiting illness which resolves within a ... Treatment and Prognosis of Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease is a self-limiting illness. Therefore, is not considered ... Drugs for Cat Scratch Disease. Doxycycline. This medication is broad-spectrum antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of ... New Infectious Diseases recognized in India. This section describes about New Infectious Diseases recognized in India ...
Feline contact by a scratch or bite causes Bartonella henselae infection. A papule develops in 3-5 days, followed by regional ... Cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis commonly develops in children. ... How is cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis differentiated from an ... How is cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis differentiated from an abdominal inguinal hernia?) and How is cat-scratch disease ... Cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis commonly develops in children. Feline contact by a scratch or bite causes Bartonella henselae ...
1990) Cat scratch disease in the parotid gland presenting with facial paralysis. Br J Oral Maxillofacial Surg. 28:413-415. ... 1985) Cat-scratch disease. An overview based on a study of 1200 patients. Am J Dis Child. 139:1124-1133. ... 1994) Atypical cat-scratch disease: diagnosis by a serologic test for Rochalimaea species. South Med J. 87:485-487. ... Cat Scratch Disease Presenting With Peripheral Facial Nerve Paralysis Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ...
Cat Scratch Disease. What is cat scratch disease?. Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection ... What causes cat scratch disease?. Cat scratch disease is caused by a bacterium carried in the cat saliva. The bacteria are ... What are the symptoms of cat scratch disease?. These are the most common symptoms of cat scratch disease:. *A cat bite or ... Key points about cat scratch fever. *Cat scratch disease is an infection caused by a bacterium in cat saliva. ...
... (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacterium. As the name ... Of the true zoonoses, a few diseases account for most of the questions: cat scratch disease, larva migrans, rabies, and ... CAT SCRATCH DISEASE. Michael G. Groves, DVM, MPH, PhD, DACVPM (Epidemiol), Professor and Department Head, Department of ... Flea bites may well be the means of cat-to-cat transmission of B. henselae. Experimental studies have shown that the cat flea ...
Cats who are infected with cat scratch disease generally dont show any symptoms, but several illnesses seem to be correlated ... Cat scratch disease progress. The disease process goes like this: A cat (lets call him Max) carries Bartonella henselae and is ... The disease is actually called cat scratch disease, and it is caused by infection with the bacterium Bartonella henselae. The ... cat scratch disease is an inconvenience, but not life-threatening. Generally, the scratch site will develop redness and then ...
... licked or scratched by a cat or a kitten. Signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cat scratch disease. ... Cat scratch disease is an infection which develops in people who have been bitten, ... Cat Scratch Disease, Bartonellosis. Cat scratch disease affects over 20,000 people each year. People, especially children and ... Cat scratch disease. Many infected cats do not show signs of illness, but some develop fever, lethargy, swollen lymph glands, ...
CSD; Cat-scratch fever; Bartonellosis. Causes. Cat-scratch disease is caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. The disease ... Cat-scratch disease is an infection with bartonella bacteria that is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, cat bites, or ... If you have swollen lymph nodes and a scratch or bite from a cat, your health care provider may suspect cat-scratch disease. ... To prevent cat-scratch disease:. *Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after playing with your cat. Especially wash ...
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) or felinosis is an infectious disease that most often results from a scratch or bite of a cat. ... "Cat Scratch Disease". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 2021-03-29. Carithers, H. A. (1985-11-01). "Cat-scratch disease. An overview ... www.cdc.gov/bartonella/cat-scratch/index.html DermNet bacterial/catscratch Cat Scratch Disease on National Organization for ... Cat-scratch disease commonly presents as tender, swollen lymph nodes near the site of the inoculating bite or scratch or on the ...
Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Encephalitis Associated with Cat Scratch Disease -- Broward and Palm Beach Counties, Florida, ... Serologic results for cat scratch disease encephalitis patients... Article. On August 14, 1994, the Broward County Public ... Cat-scratch disease. Am J Dis Child 1991;145:98-101. 4. Regnery R, Martin M, Olson J. Naturally occurring Rochalimaea henselae ... Cat scratch disease in Connecticut: epidemiology, risk factors, and evaluation of a new diagnostic test. N Engl J Med 1993;329: ...
... Carlo Iannace,1 Domenico Lo Conte,2 Lorenzo Di ... Carlo Iannace, Domenico Lo Conte, Lorenzo Di Libero, et al., "Cat Scratch Disease Presenting as Breast Cancer: A Report of an ...
A. M. Margileth, "Recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of cat scratch disease," Current Infectious Disease Reports, vol. ... Benign lymphoreticulosis (cat scratch disease, CSD) is a zoonotic disease from Bartonella henselae, which usually manifests as ... "Cat-scratch disease presenting as a breast mass," Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 36, no. 6-7, pp. 494-495, ... B. B. Chomel, "Cat-scratch disease," OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 136-150, 2000. View at Google ...
  • If you are getting a cat, make sure it's at least a year old, in good health, and free of fleas. (cdc.gov)
  • Control fleas to decrease the chance that your cat will contract the bacteria. (familydoctor.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease (also called cat-scratch fever) is caused by the Bartonella henselae bacterium, which is found in cats around the world and is transmitted from cat to cat by fleas. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The disease is spread through contact with an infected cat (a bite or scratch) or exposure to cat fleas. (medlineplus.gov)
  • By scratching and biting at the fleas, cats pick up the infected flea dirt under their nails and between their teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • Check for fleas by using a flea comb on your cat to inspect for flea dirt. (cdc.gov)
  • Keeping the house and your pet free of fleas will reduce the risk that your cat could become infected with the bacteria in the first place. (kidshealth.org)
  • Cats with fleas scratch themselves and pick up flea droppings or tick pieces in their claws. (vetinfo.com)
  • Keep fleas out of your home and keep your cat inside and away from other cats. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cat medicine products are available for flea prevention and killing off any fleas or eggs that are currently on your cat. (vetinfo.com)
  • Check your cat regularly for fleas with a flea comb. (wikihow.com)
  • Purchase a self-releasing collar for your cat that prevents fleas. (wikihow.com)
  • Cat fleas are responsible for horizontal transmission of the disease from cat to cat, and on occasion, arthropod vectors (fleas or ticks) may transmit the disease to humans. (aafp.org)
  • As for prevention, keep your cat free of fleas with spot treatments using fipronil like Frontline , and avoid playing rough with your pet, which can encourage him to scratch. (menshealth.com)
  • Research suggests a cat may get these bacteria from fleas. (rochester.edu)
  • Kittens appear to have the highest prevalence of bacteremia, and epidemiologically, kittens, especially if they have fleas, are most commonly associated with disease transmission. (maxshouse.com)
  • The disease is harbored in cats but spread by fleas, so now you have one more reason to be vigilant about your cat's flea and tick control. (gopetplan.com)
  • The disease process goes like this: A cat (let's call him Max) carries Bartonella henselae and is also unlucky enough to have a case of terrible fleas. (gopetplan.com)
  • In warm climates where fleas are prevalent, up to 40 percent of cats may test positive for Bartonella , making it difficult to prove if there are associations between it and other concurrent diseases. (gopetplan.com)
  • If your cat does not have fleas, he cannot transmit the disease, even if he has it. (gopetplan.com)
  • However, fleas serve as a vector for transmission of B. henselae among cats, and viable B. henselae are excreted in the feces of Ctenocephalides felis, the cat flea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Areas with warmer climates have a higher incidence of fleas and, therefore, a higher percentage of cats infected with the disease. (vetstreet.com)
  • Cats, and especially kittens, become infected with the cat scratch bacteria from fleas. (baycare.org)
  • Keep your cat free of fleas. (baycare.org)
  • Fleas transmit it from cat to cat - but at this time it is thought that they can't transmit it to people. (fleascontrol.com)
  • Treat the cat for any fleas using a product suggested by your veterinarian. (ahealthyme.com)
  • The cat should be up to date on its vaccines and free of fleas. (ahealthyme.com)
  • The bacteria is passed from cat to cat via fleas. (dermnetnz.org)
  • In the absence of fleas, an infected cat cannot pass the infection to uninfected cats. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Owning at least one kitten or cat with fleas. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Keep your house clean to avoid the infest of fleas that may infect your cat and spread the disease to your family. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Classically, cats transmit the organism when they are parasitized by fleas, scratch themselves, and get infected flea dirt (digested host's blood excreted by fleas) in their claws, and scratch a person (or another cat) with their dirty claws. (marvistavet.com)
  • If the fleas are removed from the infected cat, there will be no flea dirt in the coat and no risk of disease transmission. (marvistavet.com)
  • Short of an actual blood transfusion with an infected cat, fleas (or ticks) are needed to spread the infection. (marvistavet.com)
  • However, there is better control of cat fleas reducing the risk for B. hensalae transmission to humans. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • 90%) present with one or more erythematous lesions at the site of inoculation, 3-12 days after a scratch from a cat, most likely a kitten with fleas. (patient.info)
  • Cat owners should use products to prevent fleas. (camc.org)
  • Transmission of the bacteria actually occurs through cat fleas and possibly other biting flies or ticks. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection caused by Bartonella henselae bacteria. (cdc.gov)
  • Cat-scratch disease is an infection you can get after a cat scratches, bites, or licks you. (familydoctor.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease is an uncommon infection that typically results from a cat's scratch or bite. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some parts of North America have much higher rates of cat infection than others, however. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The bacterium, which remains in a cat's bloodstream for several months after infection, seems to be harmless to most cats, and normally an infected cat will not display any symptoms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease is an infection with bartonella bacteria that is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, cat bites, or flea bites. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection spread by cats. (cdc.gov)
  • About three to 14 days after the skin is broken, a mild infection can occur at the site of the scratch or bite. (cdc.gov)
  • Contact your doctor if you develop any symptoms of cat-scratch disease or infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Most cats with B. henselae infection show NO signs of illness, but on rare occasions this disease can cause inflammation of the heart-making cats very sick with labored breathing. (cdc.gov)
  • Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection that a person can get after being scratched , licked, or bitten by a cat or kitten. (kidshealth.org)
  • The first sign of this infection is a blister or a small bump that develops several days after the scratch or bite and may resemble a bug bite . (kidshealth.org)
  • If you have an infection at the site of a scratch or bite and/or feel ill and fatigued, you might have CSD. (wikihow.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease is a common infection that usually presents as tender lymphadenopathy. (aafp.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is the most common human infection caused by Bartonella species. (aafp.org)
  • AIDS is an epidemic disease, a potentially preventable, deadly infection for which there is no cure, no vaccine, and it is not under control. (medindia.net)
  • Feline contact by a scratch or bite causes Bartonella henselae infection. (medscape.com)
  • Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. (rochester.edu)
  • Kittens younger than one year of age are more likely to scratch, increasing the likelihood of infection. (rochester.edu)
  • The disease is actually called cat scratch disease, and it is caused by infection with the bacterium Bartonella henselae . (gopetplan.com)
  • Cats who are infected with the disease generally don't show any symptoms, but several illnesses seem to be correlated with infection. (gopetplan.com)
  • For instance, plasma cell stomatitis, an oral disease, has been linked to Bartonella infection, but questions remain as to whether this is because there is such a high incidence of infection or not. (gopetplan.com)
  • The cat, which is a carrier of the infection, is able to transmit the disease to humans during a two or three week period. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • A Bartonella infection (cat scratch fever infection) can mimic mental illness. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Before I talk about cat bites signs of infection I would like to put cat bites into perspective. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • To reduce risk of human infection from cats, keep your cat's nails trimmed and do not tease or entice play that may result in a bite or scratch from your cat. (vetstreet.com)
  • Contact your doctor for all cat bites as these are very high risk for a different type of infection. (baycare.org)
  • Get checked by your healthcare provider if you develop a fever, an infection at the site of the scratch, or enlarged, tender lymph nodes 1 to 3 weeks after being scratched. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD), also called cat scratch fever, is a bacterial infection caused by Bartonella henselae, which is generally spread to people through cat bites or scratches. (mn.us)
  • Reporting Cat Scratch Disease (Infection Caused by Bartonella spp. (mn.us)
  • Patients with catscratch disease usually have suffered a scratch or bite from a cat or kitten that is infected with the bacteria Bartonella henselae, a common infection in young cats. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease , which is also called subacute regional lymphadenitis or catscratch fever, is characterized as a bacterial infection that a person acquires after he is bitten, scratched, or licked by a cat or kitten. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Ted Nugent made Cat Scratch Fever (actually called "Cat Scratch Disease") nearly a household name with his song in the late seventies but most people still know very little about this infection other than it involves a fever spread by cat scratches. (marvistavet.com)
  • Infection with Bartonella henselae in the immunocompetent person (i.e., a normal person) leads to "cat scratch disease. (marvistavet.com)
  • This sounds somewhat concerning for the cat-owners in a flea area but it is important to realize that an infected cat cannot transmit the infection without a claw full of flea dirt. (marvistavet.com)
  • The Bartonella organisms are highly adapted to live in the feline body without causing disease and it is only in rare situations that cats actually experience issues from this infection. (marvistavet.com)
  • It has been suggested that Bartonella infection may be at the root of numerous chronic inflammatory conditions of the cat. (marvistavet.com)
  • Cat scratch fever, also known as cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, regional lymphadenitis, and benign lymphoreticulosis is a bacterial infection due to a cat scratch most often seen today in people with HIV / AIDS. (medical-library.net)
  • If someone in the household is at high risk, a test to detect the infection can be done and the cat can be treated. (medical-library.net)
  • While some people with cat scratch disease may be treated on an outpatient basis with antibiotics or without medication, there are others who suffer rare, but serious consequences from the infection. (hupy.com)
  • As diagnostic techniques improve, our knowledge of the spectrum of clinical disease resulting from infection with Bartonella is expanding. (nih.gov)
  • Cat scratch disease, also called cat scratch fever is an infection caused by bacteria that is carried in cat saliva. (health32.com)
  • therefore a scratch is no t necessary for infection to occur, even an old wound or injury will suffice. (critterology.com)
  • Typically an individual will develop a mild infection at the point of entry (bite wound or scratch). (critterology.com)
  • Cats that carry B. henselae typically do not show any physical sign of disease, but the infection has been seen as a contributing factor to some cases of rhinitis , conjunctivitis , stomatitis (infection of the mouth), hepatitis, and possibly even pancreatitis and diabetes . (critterology.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control or CDC , any person developing an infection following a cat bite or scratch should contact their physician. (critterology.com)
  • Cat scratch disease, commonly called cat scratch fever, is an infection caused by Bartonella henselae, a bacterium carried in the saliva of infected cats. (thenest.com)
  • Humans typically catch this infection through cat scratches, bites and exposure to cat saliva. (thenest.com)
  • Most individuals with cat scratch disease don't have any symptoms at all, but some develop a mild infection at the bite or scratch site about 7 days after the saliva entered the broken skin. (thenest.com)
  • Keep both your cat and your home flea-free to reduce the chances that your kitty will be infected with the bacteria that causes this infection. (thenest.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is an infection following the scratch of a cat (usually a kitten) with the organism Bartonella henselae , formerly known as Rochalimaea henselae . (patient.info)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), flea control is the best way to reduce the risk of D. caninum infection in both pets and humans. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. (camc.org)
  • Cat scratch disease is an infection caused by bacteria. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Now, I have been around cats my whole life and have been scratched by every cat I have ever had so I told her, "Well, I must be immune then because I've never even gotten an infection, let alone been poisoned. (ilovepets.co)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonotic infection caused by Bartonella henselae , which most commonly causes a subacute, regional lymphadenitis syndrome but is also more rarely associ. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • Severe, systemic disease or infection in immunocompromised patients generally warrant antimicrobial therapy. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is an infection that can be contracted after cat scratches, bites, or bites. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Cats under one year of age are more likely to scratch, which increases the risk of infection. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Although the risk of acquiring a B-virus infection from macaques is very low, the seriousness of this disease warrants extreme care when handling macaques. (rochester.edu)
  • This is an infection that is carried by a cat and can be passed onto you. (dogalize.com)
  • These more serious forms of the disease are often associated with an underlying immunodeficiency, for example, with HIV/AIDS infection or chemotherapy. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Surveys carried out in the United States indicate that about 5% of the population have been exposed to infection, but only a small percentage of these people reported having the disease. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • The term cat scratch disease incorrectly implies that cats are the only source of transmission and infection. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Cat-scratch disease is due to an infection by B. henselae and manifests as gradual regional lymph nodes enlargement (axilla, groin, neck) which may last 2-3 months or longer and a distal scratch and/or red-brown skin papule (not always seen at the time of the disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • For cats that do become sick, the illness usually consists of fever for 2-3 days, with the cat recovering on its own. (cdc.gov)
  • Fever that lasts for several days after a cat scratch or bite. (familydoctor.org)
  • For otherwise healthy people, rest and over-the-counter medications for reducing fever and discomfort (such as acetaminophen ) while waiting for the disease to run its course are usually all that is necessary. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cat scratch disease or cat scratch fever passes from cat to human through scratches. (vetinfo.com)
  • Usually, cat scratch fever affects children more than adults. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cat scratch fever only affects humans. (vetinfo.com)
  • If you suspect you have cat scratch fever, visit your doctor. (vetinfo.com)
  • While cats cannot develop cat scratch fever, there is a strong link between Bartonella and health issues that affect cats. (vetinfo.com)
  • As long as the cat cannot get its infected blood trapped in its claws, there is no risk of spreading cat scratch fever. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cat scratch disease, also known as cat scratch fever, is the most common disease spread by cats. (wikihow.com)
  • Visit a doctor if you believe that you have cat scratch fever. (wikihow.com)
  • Some people don't get sick at all, but if you do, you'll generally just experience a low-grade fever and enlarged lymph nodes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says . (menshealth.com)
  • If you develop symptoms-like a fever, swollen lymph nodes, or a pustule at the site of the scratch-you can see your doctor. (menshealth.com)
  • What are the complications of cat scratch fever? (rochester.edu)
  • Most healthy people don't have complications from cat scratch fever. (rochester.edu)
  • If a cat scratch or bite becomes red or swollen and you develop flu-like symptoms, including headache, decreased appetite, fatigue, joint pain, or fever, contact your healthcare provider. (rochester.edu)
  • Instead, we'll be talking about the condition known as cat scratch fever (but feel free to play your old Nugent record while reading it)! (gopetplan.com)
  • Generally, the scratch site will develop redness and then two to three weeks later, Max's owner's local lymph nodes will swell, and he will get a fever. (gopetplan.com)
  • Many infected cats do not show signs of illness, but some develop fever, lethargy, swollen lymph glands, inflamed eyes and gums, and neurological disease, requiring treatment by a veterinarian. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • CDC have produced a whopping and very detailed report on cat scratch disease (aka cat scratch fever) in the USA. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • We should be aware that dogs could also cause cat scratch fever in humans. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Most people have heard of "cat scratch fever" -- or at least they've heard the Ted Nugent song. (vetstreet.com)
  • This version of bartonellosis in humans is commonly called "cat scratch disease" or "cat scratch fever. (vetstreet.com)
  • The disease causes fever and swollen lymph nodes along with a number of other possible symptoms. (vetstreet.com)
  • In 1978, rocker Ted Nugent had a hit single with the song Cat Scratch Fever. (professorshouse.com)
  • Each year about 24,000 families learn that cat scratch fever isn't just a song. (professorshouse.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is also called 'cat scratch fever,' and it is a real disease that you can get from being scratched by a cat. (fleascontrol.com)
  • While this "classic" presentation is most common, CSD also can present with a variety of "atypical" clinical manifestations, including prolonged fever/fever of unknown origin (FUO), hepatosplenic disease, encephalopathy/encephalitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, and ocular disease. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Catscratch fever can occur in people of all ages but is most common in children and adolescents. (dermnetnz.org)
  • About 2-3 weeks following contact with the infected cat, the lymph node in the area of the contact will swell and become painful and a fever develops. (marvistavet.com)
  • There is a more severe form of cat scratch disease that causes high fever, anorexia, weakness, and badly swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the armpits and groin area. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Commonly causing Lymes disease, Cat Scratch disease and Relapsing Fever. (lifeworkpotential.com)
  • Causes Carrion's disease (Oroya fever, Verruga peruana). (lifeworkpotential.com)
  • Bartonella clarridgeiae, a newly recognized zoonotic pathogen causing inoculation papules, fever, and lymphadenopathy (cat scratch disease). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cat scratch fever is so characteristic today of AIDS that it is an AIDS defining disease, according to the CDC (Centers For Disease Control). (medical-library.net)
  • Alternate Names : CSD, Cat scratch fever, Bartonellosis Definition Cat scratch disease is a disease caused by bartonella bacteria. (health32.com)
  • Most people infected with cat scratch fever have been previously bitten or scratched by a cat . (critterology.com)
  • People that are immunocompromised with conditions such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, or transplant patients are more likely to develop cat scratch fever and to develop complications from it. (critterology.com)
  • To prevent cat scratch fever avoid "rough play" with cats, especially kittens. (critterology.com)
  • Cat scratch disease , also cat scratch fever , is an uncommon pathology of the lymph node . (librepathology.org)
  • Cat scratch fever, also known as cat scratch disease (SAD), is more common in children and teens. (ebmt2015.org)
  • You can get cat scratch fever from bites or scratches from an infected cat. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Anyone who owns or contacts a cat is at risk for cat scratch fever. (ebmt2015.org)
  • The CDC reports that cat scratch fever is most common in the southern United States and is most common in children ages 5 to 9. (ebmt2015.org)
  • If you have a weakened immune system, you are at risk of becoming seriously ill from cat scratch fever. (ebmt2015.org)
  • If your doctor thinks you have cat scratch fever, he or she will perform a physical exam. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Cat scratch is difficult to diagnose from fever symptoms alone. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Cat scratch fever is not usually serious and does not usually require treatment. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Antibiotics can treat people with cat scratch fever or a weakened immune system. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Signs in infected humans are characteristic of acute gastrointestinal disease including diarrhea, dehydration, nausea, fever and abdominal cramping. (rochester.edu)
  • Before 1990, there were only two known pathogenic or disease-causing Bartonella species, B. quintana (the agent of trench fever in World War I) and B. bacilliformis (the agent of Oroya fever in Peru and other South American countries). (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Bartonellosis is an infectious disease produced by bacteria of the genus Bartonella.Bartonella species cause diseases such as Carrión's disease, trench fever, cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatis, chronic bacteremia, endocarditis, chronic lymphadenopathy, and neurological disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the bite or scratch gets infected or if you have symptoms of CSD, call your doctor. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This could happen 3 to 10 days after the bite or scratch. (familydoctor.org)
  • Your doctor will examine the bite or scratch and ask you about your symptoms. (familydoctor.org)
  • The germ spreads to people when infected cats bite or scratch a person hard enough to break their skin. (cdc.gov)
  • [3] X Trustworthy Source MedlinePlus Collection of medical information sourced from the US National Library of Medicine Go to source Look for small round bumps near the bite or scratch. (wikihow.com)
  • Physical symptoms include swelling around the cat bite or scratch, and swollen lymph nodes, especially around the head, neck, and arms. (wikihow.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease commonly presents as tender, swollen lymph nodes near the site of the inoculating bite or scratch or on the neck, and is usually limited to one side. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat scratch disease is transmitted to humans when a cat that is infected with the Bartonella hensalae virus passes that virus through a bite or scratch. (professorshouse.com)
  • Wash the area thoroughly with running water and soap right away after a bite or scratch. (baycare.org)
  • A stray cat may be more likely to bite or scratch while playing with you and your family. (ahealthyme.com)
  • It is passed from a cat bite or scratch to a human. (camc.org)
  • If your child does get a cat bite or scratch, wash the area right away with soap and water. (camc.org)
  • Most infections usually occur after scratches from domestic or feral cats, especially kittens. (cdc.gov)
  • Kittens are also more likely to scratch and bite while they play and learn how to attack prey. (cdc.gov)
  • Kittens and young cats are more likely to carry CSD and are more likely to give you CSD because they are more likely to scratch. (wikihow.com)
  • [6] Cats live long lives, so you still will have many years with your senior cat and older cats are not as demanding as kittens. (wikihow.com)
  • To prevent CSD, cat owners should be careful not to get scratched and bitten by cats, especially when they are still kittens. (medic8.com)
  • Avoid being scratched or bitten by cats or kittens. (rochester.edu)
  • Kittens are more likely to carry the bacteria in their blood, so may be more likely to transmit the disease than adult cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kittens tend to be more prone to having Bartonella hensalae, but the disease can be passed from an adult cat as well. (professorshouse.com)
  • Tell children not to play roughly with any cats or kittens and to stop petting them if they see "airplane ears"-flattened ears on a cat are often a warning sign that they want to be left alone. (baycare.org)
  • Also - kittens are more likely to transmit this disease, and as they get older, they are less likely to give it to people. (fleascontrol.com)
  • Experimental studies have not been able to demonstrate cat to cat transmission in cats that mutually groom each other, fight with each other, mate with each other, or share food or litter with each other nor has transmission been demonstrated between infected mother cats and their kittens. (marvistavet.com)
  • There's a good reason to be careful with those scratches, especially with kittens under one year of age, as they are more likely to carry a disease called Cat-scratch disease (CSD). (libertyvision.net)
  • This does not mean you should not worry about it with an older cat, but only that you should worry more about the kittens. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Kittens can be diagnosed as cat scratch disease carriers through a simple blood test, and positive kittens can be treated successfully with antibiotics. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Young kittens less than 1 year of age are more likely to scratch. (camc.org)
  • If the scratch is on your arm, the glands in your armpit or near your elbow may become tender and swollen. (familydoctor.org)
  • When cat-scratch disease is suspected, the doctor will ask about a history of exposure to cats and look for evidence of a cat scratch or bite and swollen lymph nodes. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If you have swollen lymph nodes and a scratch or bite from a cat, your health care provider may suspect cat-scratch disease. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Later, the person's lymph nodes near the original scratch or bite can become swollen, tender, or painful. (cdc.gov)
  • In most kids, swollen lymph nodes are the main symptom of the disease, and the illness often is mild. (kidshealth.org)
  • During the exam, the doctor will look for signs of a cat scratch or bite and swollen lymph nodes. (kidshealth.org)
  • Since scratches and bites are most often on the arms and hands, it is the nodes of the neck, under the arms or adjacent to the collarbone that are the ones commonly swollen. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Once a human has been scratched by a cat sick with Bartonella, the bacteria multiply forming a swollen red bump near the scratch site. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is usually a mild illness that causes swollen lymph nodes. (akronchildrens.org)
  • Someone who has been bitten or scratched by an infected kitten or cat may develop a bump or blister, then swollen and tender lymph nodes. (akronchildrens.org)
  • A few weeks after the scratch or bite, a swollen gland, called a swollen lymph node, may develop in your child's elbow, armpit, groin, or neck area, near the location of the injury. (baycare.org)
  • Swollen lymph nodes near the site of the scratch are the main symptom. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Doctors often diagnose cat scratch disease if you have a cat scratch or bite along with swollen lymph nodes, but some physicians confirm this diagnosis with a blood test. (thenest.com)
  • Call your child's healthcare provider if your child develops swollen lymph nodes after being scratched or bitten by a cat. (camc.org)
  • If the scratch is on your hand, the glands in the armpit or near the elbow may become soft and swollen. (ebmt2015.org)
  • The first sign of cat scratch disease is the appearance of tender, swollen lymph nodes near the place where the scratch or biting took place. (dogalize.com)
  • Regnery R, Tappero J. Unraveling mysteries associated with cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, and related syndromes . (cdc.gov)
  • Infrequently, cat-scratch disease may present in a more disseminated form with hepatosplenomegaly or meningoencephalitis, or with bacillary angiomatosis in patients with AIDS. (aafp.org)
  • Immunocompromised patients, such as those with AIDS, may present with hemangioma-like skin lesions (bacillary angiomatosis) that may be accompanied by disseminated disease (peliosis) involving the liver or spleen. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat scratch disease and bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis. (nih.gov)
  • Bacillary angiomatosis can occur in immunocompromised (eg, AIDS) patients and represents a severe systemic form of the disease. (patient.info)
  • B. henselae and B. quintana can cause bacillary angiomatosis, a vascular proliferative disease involving mainly the skin, and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bartonella species also have a tropism for endothelial cells, observed in the chronic phase of Carrión´s disease (also known as verruga Peruana) and bacillary angiomatosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD) is an illness caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bartonella henselae can infect people who are scratched or (more rarely) bitten or licked by a cat. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Bartonella henselae, the bacteria that cause this disease, live in infected cats' saliva but don't make the animals sick. (kidshealth.org)
  • It is the result of the bacteria Bartonella henselae and is spread by a cat either biting or scratching, or by licking an open wound. (wikihow.com)
  • Commonly abbreviated as CSD, Cat Scratch Disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. (medic8.com)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD) is typically a subacute, regional lymphadenitis caused by Bartonella henselae that is seen in children and young adults. (aappublications.org)
  • Cat scratch ( B henselae ) serum serology later returned elevated at 1:256 (1:64 is considered positive). (aappublications.org)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacterium. (maxshouse.com)
  • If B. henselae Is Only in the Cat's, Blood, How Can It Be Transmitted by a Scratch or Bite? (maxshouse.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae which is believed to be spread by the cat's saliva. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a consequence, a likely means of transmission of B. henselae from cats to humans may be inoculation with flea feces containing B. henselae through a contaminated cat scratch wound or by cat saliva transmitted in a bite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benign lymphoreticulosis (cat scratch disease, CSD) is a zoonotic disease from Bartonella henselae, which usually manifests as a localized granulomatous lymphadenopathy near the site of inoculation after a cat scratch or other pet's one. (hindawi.com)
  • The specific organism transmitted from cats to humans via bites or scratches is called Bartonella henselae. (vetstreet.com)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD), due to Bartonella henselae , is a self-limited chronic lymphadenopathy. (wiley.com)
  • Bartonella henselae , a gram-negative rod and the bacteria that bring about this disease, thrive in infected cats' saliva without making the host sick. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease (CSD), the most common cause of lymphadenopathy in adults and children ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella organisms remain viable in flea feces, and transmission to humans results in inoculation of B. henselae -contaminated flea feces into the skin through a scratch ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, transmission of B. henselae from cats to humans through scratches is rare ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Reed JB, Scales DK, Wong MT, Lattuada CP et al (1998) Bartonella henselae neuroretinitis in cat-scratch disease-diagnosis, management and sequelae. (springer.com)
  • Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease (CSD), which usually manifests as acute regional lymphadenopathy. (nih.gov)
  • To describe a clinical syndrome of cat scratch disease caused by Rochalimaea henselae , including methods for isolation of the organism from tissue and for identification. (annals.org)
  • Rochalimaea henselae can be a cause of cat scratch disease in immunocompetent patients. (annals.org)
  • Pitfalls and fallacies of cat scratch disease serology: evaluation of Bartonella henselae-based indirect fluorescence assay and enzyme-linked immunoassay. (asm.org)
  • The diagnostic value of the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM by Bartonella henselae-based indirect fluorescence assay (IFA) and enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) for the diagnosis of cat scratch disease (CSD) was evaluated. (asm.org)
  • Two different genotypes of Bartonella henselae in children with cat-scratch disease and their pet cats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The disease is caused by a bacterium called Bartonella henselae , named for microbiologist Diane Hensel. (medical-library.net)
  • Cat scratch disease, a rare cause of hypodense liver lesions, lymphadenopathy and a protruding duodenal lesion, caused by Bartonella henselae -- van Ierland-van Leeuwen et al. (bmj.com)
  • Serology for Bartonella henselae IgM was highly elevated a few weeks after presentation, consistent with the diagnosis of cat scratch disease. (bmj.com)
  • Bartonella henselae was discovered a quarter of a century ago as the causative agent of cat scratch disease, a clinical entity described in the literature for more than half a century. (nih.gov)
  • Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of cat-scratch disease, was identified recently by DNA amplification techniques. (nih.gov)
  • Bartonella (Rochalimaea) henselae is a common cause of cat-scratch disease. (nih.gov)
  • Bartonella henselae is a relatively uncommon pathogen that can present as a serious disease in immunocompromised patients. (nih.gov)
  • In immunocompetent humans, B. henselae causes cat scratch disease, which is most often a relatively benign and self-limiting illness. (iastate.edu)
  • Unfortunately, identification of the etiologic agent of Cat Scratch Disease (Bartonella Henselae) often required PCR or silver stains (such as Warthin-Starry or Steiner) that were often very difficult to interpret. (propath.com)
  • Early histologic lymph node changes in cat scratch disease caused by Bartonella henselae. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • Bartonella henselae in cat scratch disease demonstrated by silver impregnation. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • There are at least 8 species of Bartonella implicated in causing human disease, while Bartonella henselae is the most common species found in cats. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Although many cases of CSD follow a scratch from a cat, and cats are a major reservoir for B. henselae and other Bartonella species that can cause human disease, some people infected with Bartonella have no history of a cat scratch or bite wound, and others have had no known contact with cats. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • The best way to avoid CSD is to avoid rough play with cats that could lead to scratches or bites. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cats become infected with Bartonella (the bacteria that cause cat scratch disease) through flea bites or, less commonly, fights with other infected cats or feline blood transfusions. (cdc.gov)
  • Avoid rough play with cats and situations in which scratches are likely. (cdc.gov)
  • Cat-scratch disease is caused by bacteria that cats carry in their saliva. (familydoctor.org)
  • Researchers have discovered that large numbers of North American cats carry antibodies for the disease (meaning that the cats have been infected at some point in their lives). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Play gently with cats so they don't scratch and bite. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In the United States, most cases happen in the fall and winter and usually affect kids, probably because they're more likely to play with cats and be bitten or scratched. (kidshealth.org)
  • Dear B.C.: Some cats carry a bacterium that does not make cats sick but does make humans sick when it enters the skin through a scratch or bite. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • If you own cats, train your cat to use toys for playing, not people's hands, feet or toes. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cats pick up the bacteria through the bite of an infected flea or tick or during a scuffle with another cat. (vetinfo.com)
  • As the name suggests, CSD is often caused by scratches and bites from cats that become infected. (medic8.com)
  • Plus, most scratches from cats don't result in cat scratch disease at all, the CDC says . (menshealth.com)
  • As the name suggests, it is carried by cats and is usually associated with catinflicted trauma, e.g., a scratch (in most cases) or a bite. (maxshouse.com)
  • Cat owners should use a good flea control, keep cats' claws trimmed short, and discourage rough play to prevent scratches and bites. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • But few know how the disease affects cats and, potentially, their people. (vetstreet.com)
  • Plenty of cats that have been exposed to Bartonella don't get sick and, therefore, don't show clinical signs of the disease. (vetstreet.com)
  • Nonetheless, these cats may still transmit the disease to humans. (vetstreet.com)
  • Antibiotics are typically indicated for cats that test positive for the disease and show symptoms of it. (vetstreet.com)
  • This is likely because young children have more of a tendency to play roughly with cats, resulting in bites and/or scratches. (professorshouse.com)
  • Since the virus is not harmful to cats and does not make them ill, there are no signs that your cat could be infected with Bartonella hensalae. (professorshouse.com)
  • Even though there are no visible signs that your cats may be infected, there are some things that you can do to minimize the chance that you or someone in your family will get cat scratch disease. (professorshouse.com)
  • Most children who get cat scratch disease can recall being around cats, but they rarely recall being scratched or bitten. (baycare.org)
  • The disease is caused by a bacteria called Bartonella, which a sold minority of adult cats have. (fleascontrol.com)
  • That's why there are millions of pet cats in the U.S. Sometimes, however, cats can cause an illness called cat scratch disease. (ahealthyme.com)
  • It is mainly carried by cats and causes cat-scratch disease, endocarditis, and several other serious diseases in humans. (lymedisease.org)
  • People with tick bites and no known exposure to cats have acquired the disease. (lymedisease.org)
  • If a person is diagnosed with cat scratch disease, there is a 90% chance that the cats they own will be found infected as well. (marvistavet.com)
  • As the boy might have been scratched by one of his pet cats, in accordance with a small cut on his scalp, CSD was suspected. (bmj.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is caused by bacteria called Bartonella henselea that generally lives in the mouths of cats. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Another oddity of cat scratch disease is that only rarely are adult cats involved in the transmission. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Found in domestic cats and can give humans Cat Scratch Disease. (lifeworkpotential.com)
  • Direct (cat to cat transmission) and vertical (from mother to offspring) transmission between cats has not been documented. (critterology.com)
  • The cat flea or Ctenocephalides felis is necessary for transmission to occur between cats. (critterology.com)
  • It is not recommended that healthy cats be tested or treated for Bartonella infections unless they are exhibiting clinical signs of illness or are responsible for zoonotic disease transmission. (critterology.com)
  • Infectious agent is found in saliva of infected cats and may be transmitted to man through abrasion, scratch, lick or bite. (expertsmind.com)
  • This disease may be more common in children because they play with cats and bitten or scratched more frequently. (expertsmind.com)
  • Public awareness and avoidance of contact with infected cats, through washing and care of any scratch from cat may help to reduce the risk of disease. (expertsmind.com)
  • He or she will ask if your child has been around cats and been scratched, bitten, or licked. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Whoever told this woman that cats have poison in their claws was also misinformed but as one of my family members suggested, maybe she just came up with a tall tale to tell a young child so that he would stop playing with his cat around her and the other visitors. (ilovepets.co)
  • The common mode of transmission is by scratches or bites of cats and dogs. (rochester.edu)
  • It is believed that the cat flea sheds this organism and plays a role in spread of disease between cats and from cats to humans. (rochester.edu)
  • therefore, you cannot tell which cats can spread the disease. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis , is the vector responsible for horizontal transmission of the disease from cat to cat, and its bite can also infect humans. (aafp.org)
  • But they can transfer the bacteria to humans when they scratch you. (menshealth.com)
  • Veterinarians often are consulted by the public, and occasionally by physicians and other veterinarians, for information regarding zoonoses (diseases that are transmitted to humans from animals). (maxshouse.com)
  • And it can be transmitted to humans through a scratch or bite. (vetstreet.com)
  • Bartonellosis in humans generally occurs after a cat scratch or bite. (vetstreet.com)
  • But because bartonellosis is a disease that's transmissible to humans, some veterinarians will initiate antibiotic therapy, especially if members of the household are very young, very old, pregnant, or otherwise immunologically challenged. (vetstreet.com)
  • Humans can't spread catch scratch disease to other humans. (baycare.org)
  • A zoonosis (zoonotic disease or zoonoses -plural) is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals to humans (or from humans to animals). (mn.us)
  • Bartonella is excreted in flea feces and is transferred to humans when the the feces gets in contact with humans via trauma from a cat scratch or cat bite. (aao.org)
  • Dr. Lee Foshay, a microbiologist at the University of Cincinnati , thought cat-scratch disease might be a possible manifestation of tularemia, which is a disease that can be passed on to humans by infected animals. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Bartonella causes cat-scratch disease, endocarditis, and other serious diseases in humans. (lymedisease.org)
  • If the disease in humans is treated immediately with antibiotics, the outcome is usually good, but it\'s very hard to diagnose because it\'s so similar to flu and because it is not a common disease. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Bartonella species are fastidious, facultative intracellular, slow-growing, gram-negative bacteria that cause a broad spectrum of diseases in humans. (mhmedical.com)
  • Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog pet trade or travel abroad), but also feline cowpox and newly recognized noroviruses or rotaviruses or influenza viruses can sicken our pets and be transmitted to humans. (mdpi.com)
  • Zoonoses are diseases that are naturally transmitted between animals and humans. (rochester.edu)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Campylobacter is the most common cause of bacterial diarrheal illness in humans in the United States. (rochester.edu)
  • Those feces can infect humans through scratches or other abrasions in the skin, as well as through the eye. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • These two diseases were known to infect people but were not yet recognized as a disease in pets, domestic animals, or humans in North America. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • Cat-scratch disease should be included in the differential diagnosis in any patient with lymphadenopathy. (aafp.org)
  • If an antibiotic is chosen to treat cat-scratch disease, azithromycin (Zithromax) appears to be effective at reducing the duration of lymphadenopathy. (aafp.org)
  • The most common clinical manifestation of cat scratch disease (CSD) is chronic lymphadenopathy. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The differential diagnosis of cat scratch lympadenopathy includes other causes of subacute or chronic lymphadenopathy. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is an infectious disease consisting of gradually progressive regional lymphadenopathy, fevers, and malaise often occurring after contact with a feline animal (scratch). (aao.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a clinical syndrome that usually presents as a self-limiting lymphadenopathy associated with a cat scratch or bite. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A history of contact with a cat should be sought in all aseptic meningitis patients presenting with regional lymphadenopathy. (patient.info)
  • This bacterium causes cat-scratch disease, or bartonellosis, and was formerly known as Rochalimaea bacteria. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The disease that results is called bartonellosis. (lymedisease.org)
  • Worldwide occurring bacterial infectious disease with acute or sub-acute course and spontaneous healing, which is counted among the Bartonellosis . (altmeyers.org)
  • Veterinary healthcare professionals are considered the sentinel group for human bartonellosis, meaning they are thought to be the first in which the disease would appear, and likewise, be most prevalent. (vancouverspcavet.ca)
  • If you do get a scratch or bite, wash it well with soap and water. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most cat scratches do not result in cat scratch disease, and short of cleaning the wound with soap and water, there is no particular action to take. (cdc.gov)
  • Promptly wash any cat scratches or bites with soap and water. (cdc.gov)
  • If you get scratched or bitten by a cat, wash the area with soap and water. (familydoctor.org)
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after playing with your cat. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Wash cat bites and scratches well with soap and running water. (cdc.gov)
  • Wash your hands with soap and running water after playing with your cat, especially if you live with young children or people with weakened immune systems. (cdc.gov)
  • If your child is scratched by a pet, wash the injured area well with soap and water. (kidshealth.org)
  • If your cat bites or scratches you, wash the wound with soap and water immediately. (wikihow.com)
  • If you cat does lick your wound, make sure to wash it thoroughly with soap and water. (wikihow.com)
  • If you experience a wound from a cat, wash the wounds thoroughly with soap and water. (medic8.com)
  • There's not even any particular action the CDC recommends after a cat scratch besides cleaning with soap and water. (menshealth.com)
  • If scratched or bitten, wash the area right away with soap and water. (rochester.edu)
  • If you are scratched or bitten by a cat or kitten, it is important to promptly wash the area with soap and water. (rochester.edu)
  • Lastly, if your cat does scratch you, wash the scratch thoroughly with warm water and soap. (professorshouse.com)
  • If your child gets bitten or scratched by a cat, make sure to wash the area thoroughly with soap and water. (baycare.org)
  • If you are scratched, the best thing to do is to clean the scratch with soap and water. (ahealthyme.com)
  • If a child has been scratched by a pet cat, he should wash the affected area with soap and water. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Also, wash and disinfect all cat bites or scratches with soap and plenty of running water when they occur. (libertyvision.net)
  • You can easily avoid contracting cat scratch disease by washing licked, bitten or scratched skin with soap and water. (thenest.com)
  • It is important to wash the area right away with soap and water if a cat scratches or bites your child. (camc.org)
  • The best way to avoid cat scratch disease is to promptly clean any area of skin that has been scratched, bitten, or licked with lots of soap and water. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Cat scratch disease is an illness that can occur after being bitten or scratched by a cat. (baycare.org)
  • On questioning, patients often recall being licked, bitten or scratched by a cat in the previous one to eight weeks. (dermnetnz.org)
  • How is cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis differentiated from an abdominal inguinal hernia? (medscape.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease lymphadenitis commonly develops in children. (medscape.com)
  • Benign lymphoreticulosis (cat scratch disease, CSD) may have a clinical course that varies from the most common lymphadenitis localized in the site of inoculation, preceded by the typical "primary lesion," to a context of severe systemic involvement. (hindawi.com)
  • A case of cat scratch disease was defined as a patient with a history of cat contact with regional lymphadenitis, other manifestations, or a combination of these consistent with the disease and one or more confirmatory laboratory tests. (ovid.com)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD) was first described in 1950 as a benign regional lymphadenitis. (bmj.com)
  • Occasionally, the symptoms of cat-scratch disease take the form of what is called Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Recognizing the symptoms of cat scratch disease can ensure that those who are infected receive the medical care they need. (wikihow.com)
  • The symptoms of cat scratch disease may look like other conditions or medical problems. (rochester.edu)
  • If you see any signs or symptoms of cat scratch disease after contact with a cat, always let your doctor know. (baycare.org)
  • Never allow a cat to lick your wounds, and notify your doctor if you develop any symptoms of cat-scratch disease. (libertyvision.net)
  • The symptoms of cat scratch disease may not appear for more than a week after the child is scratched. (camc.org)
  • Antibiotics are sometimes used to treat a severe form of the disease. (kidshealth.org)
  • Cat scratch disease can be treated by antibiotics. (rochester.edu)
  • Antibiotics speed healing and are recommended in those with severe disease or immune problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fox News tells us that this boy's diagnosed schizophrenia was cured with antibiotics because his mental illness was caused by a cat. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • If a cat is not showing symptoms yet tests positive on a screening, antibiotics are considered controversial. (vetstreet.com)
  • Talk to your vet to see if he feels that a round of antibiotics for your cat would be helpful. (professorshouse.com)
  • Cat scratch disease usually gets better without treatment, but sometimes antibiotics are prescribed. (akronchildrens.org)
  • Antibiotics are not indicated in most cases of CSD, but they may be considered for severe or systemic disease. (medscape.com)
  • Antibiotics are warranted in patients with severe or persistent symptoms of catscratch disease. (dermnetnz.org)
  • They usually prescribe antibiotics to treat cat-scratch disease. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Within a couple of weeks of a scratch or bite, one or more lymph nodes close to the area of the inoculation lesion will swell and become tender. (kidshealth.org)
  • After inoculation of the bacteria via a cat scratch, patients often develop an erythematous papule 3 to 10 days later at the site of the scratch. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • One thing you would first notice on a person that has a cat-scratch disease is a blister or a bump that is reminiscent of an insect bite, which is an inoculation lesion, or a wound which marks the entry point of the bacteria to the body. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The inoculation site (a scratch from a claw containing bits of flea dirt) develops a small red bump (a "papule. (marvistavet.com)
  • A blister or a small bump develops several days after the scratch or bite, which is called inoculation lesion that is most commonly found on the arms and hands, head, or scalp. (expertsmind.com)
  • Inoculation of the pathogen often through cat scratches or bites. (altmeyers.org)
  • A red papule generally appears on the skin at the site of inoculation 7 to 12 days after the initial cat sc. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • Cat scratch inoculation site on the extremity of a 9-year-old. (5minuteconsult.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease (CSD) or felinosis is an infectious disease that most often results from a scratch or bite of a cat. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you have questions or comments about this page, use our IDEPC Comment Form or call 651-201-5414 for the MDH Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division . (mn.us)
  • The lesions were thought to originate from infectious disease or lymphoma. (rug.nl)
  • The clinical and laboratory manifestations and pregnancy outcome of all women diagnosed with cat scratch disease during pregnancy are described. (ovid.com)
  • One woman who presented with clinical cat scratch disease during the first month of pregnancy had a spontaneous abortion. (ovid.com)
  • Physicians, especially family physicians and obstetrician-gynecologists need to be more familiar with the clinical manifestations of cat scratch disease. (ovid.com)
  • The keys to making a diagnosis are to obtain the history of cat exposure (which, unfortunately, is not present in all patients) and to recognize that the clinical presentation may be a manifestation of CSD. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The optimal agent(s) for therapy of cat scratch disease remains uncertain because there is significant discordance between in vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities and apparent clinical effectiveness. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • What are the clinical features of catscratch disease? (dermnetnz.org)
  • Matsuo T, Yamaoka A, Shiraga F, Takasu I et al (2000) Clinical and angiographic characteristics of retinal manifestation in cat scratch disease. (springer.com)
  • Most Americans have been exposed to cat scratch disease, and 5% of the US population has antibodies in their blood but no history of clinical illness. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • Usually a self-limited illness, cat-scratch disease (CSD) has two general clinical presentations. (mhmedical.com)
  • Bacterial zoonoses include bacteria transmitted by bites or scratches, such as pasteurellosis or cat scratch disease, leading to severe clinical manifestations in people because of their age or immune status and also because of our closeness, not to say intimacy, with our pets. (mdpi.com)
  • From cat scratch disease to endocarditis, the possible natural history of Bartonella henselaeinfection. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • It is caused by bacteria in cat saliva. (familydoctor.org)
  • It also can be spread through contact with cat saliva on broken skin or mucosal surfaces like those in the nose, mouth, and eyes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cat scratch disease is caused by a bacterium carried in the cat saliva. (rochester.edu)
  • It is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches and bites, or exposure to cat saliva. (health32.com)
  • You can also get the disease if saliva from an infected cat gets into an open wound or touches the whites of your eyes. (ebmt2015.org)
  • People are only tested for CSD when the disease is severe and the doctor suspects CSD based on the patient's symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • For most, the disease is not severe and should clear up without medical treatment. (wikihow.com)
  • and severe systemic disease. (medscape.com)
  • More severe disease that requires hospitalization does occur. (maxshouse.com)
  • For patients with complicated or more severe disease, such as retinitis or hepatosplenic disease, therapy is often adminstered using one or two agents. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Severe, progressive and disseminated disease may occur in HIV patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease is commonly diagnosed in children, but adults can present with it as well. (aafp.org)
  • CSD is commonly diagnosed in children, but adults may also present with the disease. (aafp.org)
  • Serological testing is used most commonly to diagnosis this disease with either ELISA or indirect fluorescence assay (IFA). (aao.org)
  • Pyogenic infections caused by S aureus and S pyogenes commonly have a more abupt onset of illness than does cat scratch adenitis. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • 90% of patients with CSD have history of recent cat contact, most commonly with an apparently healthy kitten. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • An enlarged lymph node in the armpit region of a person with cat-scratch disease, and partially healed wounds from a cat scratch on the hand. (cdc.gov)
  • To assess the seasonality of the disease in France, we analyzed lymph node biopsy specimens collected during 1999-2009. (cdc.gov)
  • In classic CSD, gradual regional lymph node enlargement is accompanied by a papule that develops in the scratch line after 3-10 days and persists from a few days to 2-3 weeks ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • For many surgical pathologist, the identification of necrotizing suppurative granulomatous inflammation in a lymph node biopsy is a relatively common occurrence, and often Cat Scratch Disease is high on the list of potential differential diagnostic possibilities. (propath.com)
  • Fewer than ten percent of family members scratched by a cat carrying cat scratch disease will develop the disease, and very serious illness from the disease is rare. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • An infected kitty shows no signs of illness, but can still pass the pathogens on to people once she licks her paws and scratches skin. (thenest.com)
  • You might also contract this illness if you pet an infected cat and then rub your eyes. (thenest.com)
  • Cat scratch disease: posterior segment manifestations. (nih.gov)
  • Many manifestations of the disease have been reported, such as serous otitis media combined with vertigo due to labyrinthitis. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Non-infectious diseases that may present with similar manifestations include malignancies and autoimmune diseases. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • To describe the intra-ocular manifestations of cat-scratch disease (CSD) found at two uveitis reference centers in Brazil. (springer.com)
  • Solley WA, Martin DF, Newman NJ, King R et al (1999) Cat scratch disease-posterior segment manifestations. (springer.com)
  • 1 Other known neurological manifestations, often in combination with encephalopathy, are neuroretinitis, oculoglandular disease of Parinaud, myelopathy, radiculopathy or abducens nerve, and facial nerve paresis. (bmj.com)
  • The bacteria are passed from an infected cat to a human after the cat licks an open wound or bites or scratches human skin hard enough to break the surface of the skin. (rochester.edu)
  • Bacteria can pass from an infected cat to a human after the cat bites or scratches human skin, pressing on the open wound or breaking the skin's surface. (ebmt2015.org)
  • The disease spreads when an infected cat licks a person's open wound, or bites or scratches a person hard enough to break the surface of the skin. (cdc.gov)
  • The cat licks its paws then scratches or bites the child. (camc.org)
  • You can get the disease from an infected cat that scratches, bites, or even licks you. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Your child's doctor may make a diagnosis of cat scratch disease by checking for signs and symptoms and finding out about recent contact with a cat or kitten. (baycare.org)
  • Pathologic analyses, after biopsy and serologic examinations, led to the diagnosis of cat-scratch disease. (ovid.com)
  • To lower the risk of getting the disease from a family pet or familiar cat, kids should avoid rough play to prevent being scratched or bitten. (kidshealth.org)
  • Cover your wounds with bandages to avoid your cat being able to lick them. (wikihow.com)
  • Avoid coming in contact with your cat if you have open wounds. (medic8.com)
  • 8. One way to avoid CSD if your family wants a cat is to get an adult cat instead of a kitten. (ahealthyme.com)
  • To avoid or getting scratched by a cat that may or may not have cat-scratch disease, a child should avoid playing rough near or with the animal. (naturalpedia.com)
  • They must mean that you avoid it by avoiding being scratched - hardly worth stating. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • While some scratches or bites may not be preventable, avoid playing roughly with a cat or kitten. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • The organism was characterized as oxidase negative and X-factor dependent and had a characteristic pattern in analysis of whole-cell fatty acids differing from Afipia felis , a bacterium that has been associated with cat scratch disease. (annals.org)
  • The condition can be caused by bacteria, viruses or autoimmune disease. (stlukes-stl.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control recommends a good hand washing each time you touch or pet your cat. (libertyvision.net)
  • Discovered in 1889 and named in 1931, cat scratch disease occurs when a feline is carrying the Bartonella bacteria in their bloodstream. (vetinfo.com)
  • Encephalopathy is an uncommon complication of catscratch disease that occurs one to six weeks after the lymph glands swell up. (dermnetnz.org)
  • It occurs most often in glands that are close to scratching or biting. (ebmt2015.org)
  • If you're HIV-positive, are being treated for cancer, or have any other condition that might disrupt your immune system, you can keep your cat. (cdc.gov)
  • In people with HIV/AIDS and others, who have a weakened immune system, cat-scratch disease is more serious. (medlineplus.gov)
  • HIV/AIDS and others, who have a weakened immune system, cat-scratch disease is more serious. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
  • The disease can also cause serious complications for anyone who has a compromised immune system. (professorshouse.com)
  • One MAJOR exception though - if someone in your household has a weakened immune system because of AIDS or another disease. (fleascontrol.com)
  • 6. You should not keep a cat as a pet if you have a weakened immune system. (ahealthyme.com)
  • It's safe to have a cat as a pet even if you have a weakened immune system. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Children who have HIV, an organ transplant, or other conditions that weaken the immune system have a higher risk of complications from cat scratch disease. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Complications due to the cat disease are rare and they normally occur in children under 5 years old and people with a weakened immune system. (dogalize.com)
  • Kodama T, Masuda H, Ohira A (2003) Neuroretinitis associated with cat-scratch disease in Japanese patients. (springer.com)
  • The red area around the cat's scratch or bite persists for more than 2 days after injury. (ebmt2015.org)
  • Play rough with your pets because they may scratch and bite. (cdc.gov)
  • Don't allow a cat to lick your skin, eyes, mouth, or open wounds or scratches. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Generally, children under the age of five and people with weakened immune systems are at higher risk of developing serious complications from cat scratch disease . (hupy.com)
  • In general, treatment beyond analgesia and recommendation for warm compresses is unnecessary for patients with catscratch disease (CSD) because the condition spontaneously resolves without sequelae in most cases. (medscape.com)
  • Although data are lacking, patients with catscratch disease who are treated should receive treatment for 10-14 days. (medscape.com)
  • 80% of patients with catscratch disease are less than 21 years old. (dermnetnz.org)
  • From there the organism could be transmitted to a human by a bite, or it could be transferred to claws when the cat grooms itself, and then transmitted by a scratch. (maxshouse.com)
  • If you've ever played with a cat or kitten, you know that it's not unusal for "claws to be drawn" during an interaction with a finicky feline. (libertyvision.net)
  • There are a few alternatives to declawing your cat, such as claw covers or trimming back their claws, but you will have to be vigilant if you are in a home with an immunocompromised person. (sportsmen4responsibleenergy.org)
  • He struggled so much that he ended up dropping the cat onto one of the visitors, causing my cat to protrude his claws and scratch this person. (ilovepets.co)
  • So I decided to google it, and ask a few other "cat experts" about the truth on cat claws being poisonous. (ilovepets.co)
  • A good scratch keeps the claws in checked and keep your cat limber and contented. (catscratchmed.com)
  • Isolated foci of retinitis or choroiditis were the most common ocular manifestation of cat scratch disease in the authors' patient population, but an array of posterior segment findings may occur. (nih.gov)
  • Serous labyrinthitis as a manifestation of cat scratch disease: a case report. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Ormerod LD, Skolnick KA, Menosky MM, Pavan PR et al (1998) Retinal and choroidal manifestation of cat-scratch disease. (springer.com)
  • Curi ALL, Machado DO, Heringer G, Campos WR et al (2006) Ocular manifestation of cat-scratch disease in HIV-positive patients. (springer.com)
  • Admit if immunocompromised or evidence of systemic disease. (wikem.org)
  • In most people, cat-scratch disease clears up without treatment. (familydoctor.org)
  • Your veterinarian can tell you whether your cat requires testing or treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • A single treatment for all Bartonella -related diseases has not been identified, so treatment must be tailored to specific situations. (medscape.com)
  • Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment. (aafp.org)
  • The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. (medindia.net)
  • In more than 90 per cent of cases the disease is mild and self-limited, and symptoms resolve without treatment within a few weeks to a few months. (maxshouse.com)
  • A positive test result means the cat has been exposed to Bartonella, but that doesn't necessarily mean he or she is currently ill or that treatment is required. (vetstreet.com)
  • For most people, the disease clears up without any treatment. (professorshouse.com)
  • If you are able to confirm that the patient has cat scratch disease, what treatment should be initiated? (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Controlled studies on treatment of catscratch disease (CSD) are lacking. (medscape.com)
  • For most patients with mild or moderate CSD, only conservative symptomatic treatment is recommended because the disease is self-limited. (medscape.com)
  • What is the treatment of catscratch disease? (dermnetnz.org)
  • Treatment of uncomplicated catscratch disease remains controversial. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Successful treatment of cat-scratch disease with ciprofloxacin. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Treatment Generally, cat scratch disease is not serious. (health32.com)
  • If your child got the disease from a pet, ask your veterinarian about getting treatment for your cat. (pediatric-associates.com)
  • Without treatment, the disease can progress to include emotional and cardiac signs and arthritis. (rochester.edu)
  • How can I prevent cat scratch disease? (baycare.org)
  • What can I do to prevent cat scratch disease in my child? (camc.org)