A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
A medical dictionary is a specialized reference book containing terms, definitions, and explanations related to medical science, healthcare practices, and associated disciplines, used by healthcare professionals, students, researchers, and patients to enhance understanding of medical concepts and terminology.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.

Methods and principles in biomedical ethics. (1/5)

The four principles approach to medical ethics plus specification is used in this paper. Specification is defined as a process of reducing the indeterminateness of general norms to give them increased action guiding capacity, while retaining the moral commitments in the original norm. Since questions of method are central to the symposium, the paper begins with four observations about method in moral reasoning and case analysis. Three of the four scenarios are dealt with. It is concluded in the "standard" Jehovah's Witness case that having autonomously chosen the authority of his religious institution, a Jehovah's Witness has a reasonable basis on which to refuse a recommended blood transfusion. The author's view of the child of a Jehovah's Witness scenario is that it is morally required-not merely permitted-to overrule this parental refusal of treatment. It is argued in the selling kidneys for transplantation scenario that a fair system of regulating and monitoring would be better than the present system which the author believes to be a shameful failure.  (+info)

Statistical association criteria in forensic psychiatry-a criminological evaluation of casuistry. (2/5)

PURPOSE: Identification of potential shared primary psychoprophylaxis and crime prevention is measured by analyzing the rate of commitments for patients-subjects to forensic examination. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The statistic trial is a retrospective, document-based study. The statistical lot consists of 770 initial examination reports performed and completed during the whole year 2007, primarily analyzed in order to summarize the data within the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Bucharest, Romania (INML), with one of the group variables being 'particularities of the psychiatric patient history', containing the items 'forensic onset', 'commitments within the last year prior to the examination' and 'absence of commitments within the last year prior to the examination'. The method used was the Kendall bivariate correlation. For this study, the authors separately analyze only the two items regarding commitments by other correlation alternatives and by modern, elaborate statistical analyses, i.e. recording of the standard case study variables, Kendall bivariate correlation, cross tabulation, factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis. RESULTS: The results are varied, from theoretically presumed clinical nosography (such as schizophrenia or manic depression), to non-presumed (conduct disorders) or unexpected behavioral acts, and therefore difficult to interpret. CONCLUSIONS: One took into consideration the features of the batch as well as the results of the previous standard correlation of the whole statistical lot. The authors emphasize the role of medical security measures that are actually applied in the therapeutic management in general and in risk and second offence management in particular, as well as the role of forensic psychiatric examinations in the detection of certain aspects related to the monitoring of mental patients.  (+info)

Use of the vascularized iliac-crest flap in musculoskeletal lesions. (3/5)

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Doctors' stories, patients' stories: a narrative approach to teaching medical ethics. (4/5)

Many senior doctors have had little in the way of formal ethics training, but express considerable interest in extending their education in this area. This paper is the report of an initiative in continuing medical education in which doctors were introduced to narrative ethics. We review the theoretical basis of narrative ethics, and the structure of and response to the two-day workshop.  (+info)

An anthropological exploration of contemporary bioethics: the varieties of common sense. (5/5)

Patients and physicians can inhabit distinctive social worlds where they are guided by diverse understandings of moral practice. Despite the contemporary presence of multiple moral traditions, religious communities and ethnic backgrounds, two of the major methodological approaches in bioethics, casuistry and principlism, rely upon the notion of a common morality. However, the heterogeneity of ethnic, moral, and religious traditions raises questions concerning the singularity of common sense. Indeed, it might be more appropriate to consider plural traditions of moral reasoning. This poses a considerable challenge for bioethicists because the existence of plural moral traditions can lead to difficulties regarding "closure" in moral reasoning. The topics of truth-telling, informed consent, euthanasia, and brain death and organ transplantation reveal the presence of different understandings of common sense. With regard to these subjects, plural accounts of "common sense" moral reasoning exist.  (+info)

Casuistry is a term that has its roots in the ethical and moral discussions within theology and philosophy. In medical terms, casuistry refers to the use of specific case studies or past precedents to analyze and make decisions about current ethical dilemmas in clinical practice. It is a method of reasoning that applies general principles of morality and ethics to particular cases, taking into account the unique circumstances and contexts of those cases.

Casuistry can be helpful for medical professionals when faced with complex ethical issues, as it allows them to consider the specific details of a situation and weigh the potential consequences of different actions. By examining similar cases from the past, healthcare providers can gain insights into how others have approached similar dilemmas and use this information to inform their own decision-making process.

However, casuistry has also been criticized for its potential to be overly reductionist or to prioritize situational factors over broader ethical principles. Some argue that relying too heavily on casuistic reasoning can lead to moral relativism, where the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined solely by its context rather than by any universal standards of ethics.

In summary, casuistry in medical terms refers to the use of specific case studies and past precedents to analyze and make decisions about current ethical dilemmas in clinical practice. While it can be a valuable tool for considering the unique circumstances of each situation, it is important to balance this approach with broader ethical principles and guidelines.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "morals" is not a term that has a medical definition. Morals refer to personal or societal beliefs about right and wrong behavior. It is a concept that falls under the realm of ethics, philosophy, and sociology rather than medicine. If you have any questions related to medical terminologies or concepts, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

A medical dictionary is a reference book that contains definitions and explanations of medical terms and jargon. It serves as a useful tool for healthcare professionals, students, patients, and anyone else who needs to understand medical terminology. Medical dictionaries can include definitions of diseases, conditions, treatments, procedures, drugs, equipment, anatomy, and more. They may also provide pronunciation guides, etymologies, and abbreviations.

Medical dictionaries can be found in print or digital form, and some are specialized to cover specific areas of medicine, such as oncology, psychiatry, or surgery. Some medical dictionaries are also bilingual, providing translations of medical terms between different languages. Overall, a medical dictionary is an essential resource for anyone who needs to communicate effectively in the field of medicine.

"Dictionaries as Topic" is a medical subject heading (MeSH) that refers to the study or discussion of dictionaries as a reference source in the field of medicine. Dictionaries used in this context are specialized works that provide definitions and explanations of medical terms, concepts, and technologies. They serve as important tools for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and patients to communicate effectively and accurately about health and disease.

Medical dictionaries can cover a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, diagnostic procedures, treatment methods, and medical ethics. They may also provide information on medical eponyms, abbreviations, symbols, and units of measurement. Some medical dictionaries are general in scope, while others focus on specific areas of medicine or healthcare, such as nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, or alternative medicine.

The use of medical dictionaries can help to ensure that medical terminology is used consistently and correctly, which is essential for accurate diagnosis, treatment planning, and communication among healthcare providers and between providers and patients. Medical dictionaries can also be useful for non-medical professionals who need to understand medical terms in the context of their work, such as lawyers, journalists, and policymakers.

An ethical theory is a structured framework of principles and concepts that helps to guide and inform moral judgments and decisions about right and wrong conduct. It provides a systematic and coherent approach to understanding, analyzing, and resolving ethical issues and dilemmas in various contexts, including healthcare.

There are several types of ethical theories, but some of the most prominent ones include:

1. Deontological theory: This theory emphasizes the inherent rightness or wrongness of actions based on whether they conform to moral rules or duties, regardless of their consequences. It is often associated with the work of Immanuel Kant.
2. Utilitarianism: This theory holds that the morality of an action is determined by its overall usefulness or benefit to society as a whole, measured in terms of the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
3. Virtue ethics: This theory focuses on the character and virtues of the moral agent, rather than on specific rules or consequences. It emphasizes the importance of cultivating good habits, traits, and dispositions that contribute to a flourishing and fulfilling life.
4. Social contract theory: This theory posits that moral norms and rules emerge from mutual agreements or understandings among individuals in society, based on their shared interests and values.
5. Feminist ethics: This theory challenges traditional ethical theories by emphasizing the importance of context, relationships, and power dynamics in moral decision-making, with a focus on promoting justice and equality for marginalized groups.

In healthcare, ethical theories can help guide clinical practice, research, policy, and education, by providing a framework for addressing complex ethical issues such as informed consent, patient autonomy, confidentiality, resource allocation, and end-of-life care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Jurisprudence" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Jurisprudence refers to the theory and philosophy of law, or the study of legal systems, principles, and practices. It is a subject that falls under the purview of lawyers, judges, and scholars of law. If you have any questions about medical terminology, I'd be happy to help with those!

... Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Summary of casuistry by Jeramy Townsley Casuistry - Online Guide to ... Look up casuistry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikiquote has quotations related to Casuistry. Wikisource has the text of ... G. E. Moore dealt with casuistry in chapter 1.4 of his Principia Ethica, in which he claims that "the defects of casuistry are ... Look up casuistry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Dictionary of the History of Ideas: "Casuistry" Accountancy as ...
Otherwise, the content of "Puritan casuistry" is still somewhat contested by scholars, because the element of casuistry is ... Puritan casuistry is a genre of British religious literature, in the general area of moral theology, and recognised as founded ... It has been argued by a Jesuit author that "casuistry" here is a misnomer, and "practical divinity" more accurate. The medieval ... One explanation lies in a transformed, Protestant, meaning of "casuistry", as the "sifting of the conscience". Some of the ...
See also Casuistry. In a teleological approach, "how one is to act" is related to the ultimate end which is again established ... Since manualist moralists sought to uphold universal norms even while exercising casuistry for difficult cases, it became ... The manualist tradition is related to casuistry - Reasoning by extrapolation. Manualism is associated with the theology ... patristic or scholastic approach before the influence of nominalism and outgrowth of casuistry which was characteristic of the ...
Tallmon, James M. "Casuistry." (2001) Ed. Thomas O. Sloane. New York: Oxford University Press Encyclopedia of Rhetoric, 83-88. ... Tallmon, James M. (1995a) "Casuistry and the Role of Rhetorical Reason in Ethical Inquiry", Philosophy and Rhetoric, 377-87. ... 1988) The Abuse of Casuistry. Berkeley: U California Press. Kennedy, George. (1980) Classical Rhetoric and Its Christian and ... Casuistry Chaïm Perelman - author of The New Rhetoric Inquiry Practical reason Problem finding Rogerian argument Socratic ...
... review of What About Me New York Times review of Casuistry Rotten Tomatoes for Casuistry Austin Chronicle review of Casuistry ... The case for Casuistry. BBC review of Sleazy Listeners project Philip Fine. Obituary. The Globe and Mail. September 27, 2013. ... Powers and his infamous act of killing a cat as an art project formed the basis of his third feature documentary Casuistry: The ...
Southwell also wrote a manuscript of case studies in casuistry for "the education of English Catholic missionary priests", ... Subscription or UK public library membership required.) "Caroline Casuistry - Boydell and Brewer". boydellandbrewer.com. ... which manuscript has been edited by Peter Holmes and published by the Catholic Record Society as Caroline Casuistry: The Cases ...
"Restless Casuistry: Shelley's Composition of The Cenci." Keats-Shelley Journal, 13 (Winter, 1964): 77-85. Sperry, Stuart M. " ...
Casuistry and Conscience, two discourses, 8vo, Dublin. Gleanings after Grand Tourists (anon.), 1856, from a European tour in ...
Spanish Dominican Raymond of Peñafort was a noted canon lawyer, and one of the first writers on casuistry, i.e., seeking to ... Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988. Randal, Marlin. Propaganda and ... The doctrine is a special branch of casuistry (case-based reasoning) developed in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. ...
Generally, the regional laws are based on Casuistry. This means that they are based on concrete cases of breaches of the law, ...
He attained fame as a master of casuistry. He was born at Nottuln in Westphalia (Germany). He entered the Jesuit order in 1619 ...
He was elected Professor of Casuistry in 1788. He never gave any lectures and held his church posts as well as being registrary ...
He was an author and an editor for the following works: The text of casuistry in the Renaissance - Volume 1 (1989), The text of ... Medusaś Gaze: Casuistry and Conscience in the Renaissance. March 1991. ISBN 9780804765879. Retrieved 18 July 2013. "Knowing ... Casuistry and Conscience in the Renaissance (Stanford UP, 1991), Catholic Figures, Queer Narratives (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, ... casuistry in the Renaissance - Volume 2 (1989), Sodomscapes: Hospitality in the Flesh (Fordham UP, 2017), Medusaś Gaze: ...
Zur Casuistik der Iristumoren, 1877 - Casuistry of iris tumors. Metastatisches Sarcom der Papille und angrenzenden Retina, 1878 ...
ISBN 978-0-9799989-3-5. Miller, Richard B. (1996). Casuistry and Modern Ethics: A Poetics of Practical Reasoning. University of ...
In the Christian tradition of casuistry, an approach to abstract ranking of principles introduced by Bartolomé de Medina in the ... Jonsen, Albert R.; Toulmin, Stephen Edelston (1988). The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning. University of ... Jonsen, Albert R.; Toulmin, Stephen Edelston (1988). The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning. University of ... 16th century became tainted with the accusation of laxism, as did casuistry itself. Another approach, with legal roots, is to ...
Ignoratio elenchi, chapter 4. Wolfe places the Latin phrase subsequent to "sophistry" and "casuistry". Unfamiliarity is a ...
He has perfected casuistry, circumlocution, false equivalence and false analogy. He is equally adept at the ironic jest, the ...
Oaths, Casuistry, and Equivocation: Anglican Responses to the Engagement Controversy.' The Historical Journal. Vol. 44, No. 1 ( ...
It gave rise to French theologian Blaise Pascal's Lettres provinciales, the condemnation of casuistry by the Holy See, and the ... This led the friars of Paris to condemn Jesuit casuistry. On 15 February 1665, Alexander VII promulgated the apostolic ... which condemned casuistry. Two further decrees, of 24 September 1665 and 18 March 1666, condemned the Casuists' "laxist ... in particular casuistry. Following publication of Lettres provinciales, the King sent spies everywhere, condemned the ...
Karl Popper For more information on this type of reasoning, see: Casuistry. Plutchik, Robert (1983), Foundations of ...
Polianski, Igor J. (January 2015). "Bolshevik Disease and Stalinist Terror: On the Historical Casuistry of Artificial ...
On the Historical Casuistry of Artificial Pneumothorax". Medical History. 59 (1): 32-43. doi:10.1017/mdh.2014.69. ISSN 0025- ...
This moral absolutism, pitted against Angelo's lustful casuistry, makes for superb drama." In 1986, Foster starred as Lucy in ...
The rest of the letters are mainly an attack on Jesuit casuistry. The Fifth Letter, published in a hurry after a police search ... Starting at Letter VI, dated 10 April 1656, Pascal gives a number of examples of Jesuit casuistry and of its "relaxed morality ... Antoine Le Maistre Casuistry Catholic moral theology Formulary controversy Jansenism Jesuitism Port-Royal Logic Les ... In these letters, Pascal humorously attacked casuistry, a rhetorical method often used by Jesuit theologians, and accused ...
Bellhouse, D R (1988). "Probability in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: an analysis of Puritan casuistry" (PDF). ...
This is called casuistry, and it could be implemented through research on the Internet. The consensus from a million past ... Bruce M. McLaren built an early (mid 1990s) computational model of casuistry, specifically a program called SIROCCO built with ...
However, Suárez also conceived many particular cases - a casuistry - in which conquest was legitimized. Hence, war was ...
"Civil Politics in the Animal Rights Conflict: God Terms versus Casuistry in Cambridge, Massachusetts." Science, Technology, and ...
Blaise Pascal attacked what he called moral laxity in the casuistry of the Jesuits. Jansenist theology remained a minority ...
Casuistry Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Summary of casuistry by Jeramy Townsley Casuistry - Online Guide to ... Look up casuistry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikiquote has quotations related to Casuistry. Wikisource has the text of ... G. E. Moore dealt with casuistry in chapter 1.4 of his Principia Ethica, in which he claims that "the defects of casuistry are ... Look up casuistry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Dictionary of the History of Ideas: "Casuistry" Accountancy as ...
... Or why future government officials might be found boning up on sophistic ethics. Peter Fasolino , ... But basically they all used casuistry as some sort of a priori guide to be applied in moral decision-making." Harold paused for ... "Well," Harold began, "years and years ago casuistry was a sort of a priori application of general principles used to determine ... With Retroactive Casuistry, you look back and demonstrate that whatever you actually did was ethically impeccable." ...
SIG Tübingen Video-Based Casuistry (TüViKa). SIG Tübingen Video-Based Casuistry (TüViKa) Instructional videos to support the ... as well as on the effect and yield of video-based casuistry (see, in summary: Syring, 2021). One question in the context of ... video-based casuistry that has been largely neglected so far is the multi-perspective use in different subjects and disciplines ... clear that they are based on different understandings of professions and of the professionalization of video-based casuistry in ...
Copyright © 2023 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Institute of Medical Ethics. All rights reserved.. ...
Gábriš T. (2019) "Systematic versus Casuistic Approach to Law: On the Benefits of Legal Casuistry " Journal of Ethics and Legal ...
CASUISTRY. The set of findings that constitutes and justifies the originality of the casuistry of the present work is in the ...
... casuistry analysis in Dentistry. RPG, Rev. pós-grad. []. 2010, 17, 1, pp. 45-53. ISSN 0104-5695. ...
Getting Down to Cases: The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics. 175. (8). ...
... along with the contextual ethics of casuistry put forward by Jonsin and Toulmin in The Abuse of Casuistry, the conference is ... Casuistry, Contingency, Ambiguity: New Approaches to the Study of Ethics in the Islamic Traditions. ...
A CASUISTRY OF OMISSION. It seems to me, for instance, a kind of casuistry not to point out, when you are convicting Engels of ... Hook s casuistry, of course, has no ignoble motive. A state of Talmudistic infatuation with the mind of Karl Marx is common ...
Pagina 454 - The place was worthy of such a trial. It was the great hall of William Rufus, the hall which had resounded with acclamations at the inauguration of thirty kings, the hall which had witnessed the just sentence of Bacon and the just absolution of Somers, the hall where the eloquence of Strafford had for a moment awed and melted a victorious party inflamed with just resentment, the hall where Charles had confronted the High Court of Justice with the placid courage which has half redeemed his fame. ...
Problems of Casuistry Chapter 22. The Two Causes of Sin Chapter 23. The Reality of the Resurrection Chapter 24. The Solution to ... CHAPTER XXI - Problems of Casuistry. 78. What sins are trivial and what are grave, however, is not for human but for divine ...
amongst Angela appear Battle of Prague Beatrice beauty breeches British called Casuistry character Christian Church colour ...
Casuistry 69 Perfusion-ventilation lung scintigraphy with hybrid imaging in patient with lung fibrosis - case report Otto Lang ...
Casuistry has consequences.. * Posted by: - Nov. 08, 2017 3:15 PM ET USA The question then is: Who is accompanying whom? ...
Leaving, a Casuistry. Peter. Fabienne and Sylviane. Clément. Florian. PART THREE. Ethos, Three Studies. Desire , Narcissism. ...
casuistry and equivocation. Words are deployed for the purpose of propaganda.. * Joe Firestone (LetsGetitDone) May 3, 2015 at 4 ...
amongst Angela appear Battle of Prague Beatrice beauty breeches British called Casuistry character Christian Church colour ...
"There is at least no diseased casuistry about you. I do not regard the indications as unfavourable." ...
CASUISTRY. ch 1876. THE MINER. ch 1861. LADY CAROLINE. b 1861. * - Photo Available. ...
... we might term it the casuistry of belief. Newman brought to the solution a profound acquaintance with the human heart, which ...
jioinls of casuistry t.i those will). may In; better ijualilied to deal wilh ...
Then, the fathers (and Zellers) metaphysical casuistry is a delight.. I commend Al Moritz, whose agility and ability has ...
The Role of Rhetorical Casuistry in Chinas Capitalist Transformation The authors believe that the unique style of the CCPs ...
More complete casuistry. Even assuming Israel is in better strategic position than on 9-10-2001 and that the US. has increased ...
The casuistry of the Pharisees proves their blindness. The real meaning of worship offered to God escapes them. ...

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