Casts, Surgical: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.Corrosion Casting: A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Dental Casting Technique: The process of producing a form or impression made of metal or plaster using a mold.Dental Casting Investment: Material from which the casting mold is made in the fabrication of gold or cobalt-chromium castings. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p168)Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Chromium Alloys: Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Dental Impression Materials: Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Odontometry: Measurement of tooth characteristics.Calcium Sulfate: A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Jaw Relation Record: A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Braces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Clubfoot: A deformed foot in which the foot is plantarflexed, inverted and adducted.Denture, Complete, Upper: A complete denture replacing all the natural maxillary teeth and associated maxillary structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying maxillary bone.Post and Core Technique: Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Splints: Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Metal Ceramic Alloys: The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Zinc Phosphate Cement: A material used for cementation of inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances and occasionally as a temporary restoration. It is prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of phosphoric acid, water, and buffers. (From Bouchers' Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)Dental Articulators: Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.Manipulation, Orthopedic: The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Uromodulin: A glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) - anchored membrane protein found on the thick ascending limb of the LOOP OF HENLE. The cleaved form of the protein is found abundantly in URINE.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Dimensional Measurement Accuracy: The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic: The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Denture Retention: The retention of a denture in place by design, device, or adhesion.Radius FracturesFracture Fixation: The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.Dental Occlusion, Centric: Contact between opposing teeth during a person's habitual bite.Ulna Fractures: Fractures of the larger bone of the forearm.Dental Soldering: The joining of pieces of metal through the use of an alloy which has a lower melting point, usually at least 100 degrees Celsius below the fusion temperature of the parts being soldered. In dentistry, soldering is used for joining components of a dental appliance, as in assembling a bridge, joining metals to orthodontic bands, or adding to the bulk of certain structures, such as the establishment of proper contact areas on inlays and crowns with adjacent teeth. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Orthodontics, Corrective: The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Dental Disinfectants: Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Tooth, Nonvital: A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Replica Techniques: Methods of preparing tissue specimens for visualization using an electron microscope, usually a scanning electron microscope. The methods involve the creation of exact copies of the specimens by making a mold or cast (i.e., replica) of the specimen.Dental Marginal Adaptation: The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Hardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Oligochaeta: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.Forearm Injuries: Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.Siloxanes: Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.Malocclusion, Angle Class II: Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).Denture, Partial, Removable: A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.Centric Relation: The location of the maxillary and the mandibular condyles when they are in their most posterior and superior positions in their fossae of the temporomandibular joint.Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Traction: The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Mucoproteins: Conjugated proteins in which mucopolysaccharides are combined with proteins. The mucopolysaccharide moiety is the predominant group with the protein making up only a small percentage of the total weight.Tooth, Artificial: A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.Encainide: One of the ANTI-ARRHYTHMIA AGENTS, it blocks VOLTAGE-GATED SODIUM CHANNELS and slows conduction within the His-Purkinje system and MYOCARDIUM.PrintingOrthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.Scaphoid Bone: The bone which is located most lateral in the proximal row of CARPAL BONES.Malocclusion, Angle Class I: Malocclusion in which the mandible and maxilla are anteroposteriorly normal as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (i.e., in neutroclusion), but in which individual teeth are abnormally related to each other.Antlers: The horn of an animal of the deer family, typically present only in the male. It differs from the HORNS of other animals in being a solid, generally branched bony outgrowth that is shed and renewed annually. The word antler comes from the Latin anteocularis, ante (before) + oculus (eye). (From Webster, 3d ed)Vitallium: An alloy of 60% cobalt, 20% chromium, 5% molybdenum, and traces of other substances. It is used in dentures, certain surgical appliances, prostheses, implants, and instruments.Dental Clasps: Metal devices for fastening together two or more parts of dental prostheses for stabilizing or retaining them by attachment to abutment teeth. For a precision attachment for a partial denture DENTURE PRECISION ATTACHMENT is available.Colles' Fracture: Fracture of the lower end of the radius in which the lower fragment is displaced posteriorly.Inlay Casting Wax: A mixture of several dental waxes, usually containing paraffin wax, ceresin, beeswax, resins, and other natural and synthetic waxes. It is used for making patterns to determine the shape of the metallic framework and other parts of removable partial dentures. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p868)Skin Cream: A water-soluble medicinal preparation applied to the skin.Muscle Hypertonia: Abnormal increase in skeletal or smooth muscle tone. Skeletal muscle hypertonicity may be associated with PYRAMIDAL TRACT lesions or BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.Shear Strength: The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.PolyvinylsMethylmethacrylate: The methyl ester of methacrylic acid. It polymerizes easily to form POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE. It is used as a bone cement.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Forefoot, Human: The forepart of the foot including the metatarsals and the TOES.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Tooth Movement: Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute: Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Denture, Complete: A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.Bronchial DiseasesStatistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Musculoskeletal Manipulations: Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Silicones: A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fractures, Closed: Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Microradiography: Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).Denture Bases: The part of a denture that overlies the soft tissue and supports the supplied teeth and is supported in turn by abutment teeth or the residual alveolar ridge. It is usually made of resins or metal or their combination.Orthodontic Space Closure: Therapeutic closure of spaces caused by the extraction of teeth, the congenital absence of teeth, or the excessive space between teeth.Femoral Fractures: Fractures of the femur.Orthodontic Retainers: Orthodontic appliances, fixed or removable, used to maintain teeth in corrected positions during the period of functional adaptation following corrective treatment. These appliances are also used to maintain the positions of the teeth and jaws gained by orthodontic procedures. (From Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p263)Tibial FracturesMethylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Palatal Expansion Technique: An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry),Chromosomes, Mammalian: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of MAMMALS.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Hardness Tests: A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Acrylic ResinsKidney Diseases: Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Wrist Injuries: Injuries to the wrist or the wrist joint.Anatomic Landmarks: Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.Achilles Tendon: A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Foot Ulcer: Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.Open Bite: A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.Air Abrasion, Dental: A technique using a pneumatic, high-pressure stream of aluminum oxide to remove DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTIN; and restorative materials from teeth. In contrast to using DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT, this method usually requires no dental anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, DENTAL) and reduces risks of tooth chipping and microfracturing. It is used primarily for routine DENTAL CAVITY PREPARATION.Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Equinus Deformity: Plantar declination of the foot.Lasers: An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.Tenotomy: Surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity that is caused by congenital or acquired shortening of a muscle (Stedman, 27th ed). Tenotomy is performed in order to lengthen a muscle that has developed improperly, or become shortened and is resistant to stretching.Peer Review, Health Care: The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).Subtalar Joint: Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.Diastema: An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Enbucrilate: A tissue adhesive that is applied as a monomer to moist tissue and polymerizes to form a bond. It is slowly biodegradable and used in all kinds of surgery, including dental.Perissodactyla: An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Acute Kidney Injury: Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dermatitis, Irritant: A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Palate: The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).Differential Thermal Analysis: Technique by which phase transitions of chemical reactions can be followed by observation of the heat absorbed or liberated.Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Forensic Anthropology: Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Chronobiology Disorders: Disruptions of the rhythmic cycle of bodily functions or activities.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Niobium: Niobium. A metal element atomic number 41, atomic weight 92.906, symbol Nb. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Foot Deformities, Acquired: Distortion or disfigurement of the foot, or a part of the foot, acquired through disease or injury after birth.Computer-Aided Design: The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.Thiouracil: Occurs in seeds of Brassica and Crucifera species. Thiouracil has been used as antithyroid, coronary vasodilator, and in congestive heart failure although its use has been largely supplanted by other drugs. It is known to cause blood dyscrasias and suspected of terato- and carcinogenesis.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Mice, Congenic: Mouse strains constructed to possess identical genotypes except for a difference at a single gene locus.Carpal Bones: The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Tooth Cervix: The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Supination: Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.Serial Extraction: The selective extraction of deciduous teeth during the stage of mixed dentition in accordance with the shedding and eruption of the teeth. It is done over an extended period to allow autonomous adjustment to relieve crowding of the dental arches during the eruption of the lateral incisors, canines, and premolars, eventually involving the extraction of the first premolar teeth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Arteriovenous Anastomosis: A vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein, and that acts as a shunt to bypass the capillary bed. Not to be confused with surgical anastomosis, nor with arteriovenous fistula.Maxillofacial Development: The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.Bence Jones Protein: An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.Vertical Dimension: The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.o-Phthalaldehyde: A reagent that forms fluorescent conjugation products with primary amines. It is used for the detection of many biogenic amines, peptides, and proteins in nanogram quantities in body fluids.Calpain: Cysteine proteinase found in many tissues. Hydrolyzes a variety of endogenous proteins including NEUROPEPTIDES; CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS; proteins from SMOOTH MUSCLE; CARDIAC MUSCLE; liver; platelets; and erythrocytes. Two subclasses having high and low calcium sensitivity are known. Removes Z-discs and M-lines from myofibrils. Activates phosphorylase kinase and cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinase. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.22.4.Dental Etching: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Immunoglobulin Light Chains: Polypeptide chains, consisting of 211 to 217 amino acid residues and having a molecular weight of approximately 22 kDa. There are two major types of light chains, kappa and lambda. Two Ig light chains and two Ig heavy chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS) make one immunoglobulin molecule.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.External Fixators: External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive: Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.

Patterns of healing of scaphoid fractures. The importance of vascularity. (1/410)

We studied 45 patients with 46 fractures of the scaphoid who presented sequentially over a period of 21 months. MRI enabled us to relate the pattern of the fracture to the blood supply of the scaphoid. Serial MRI studies of the four main patterns showed that each followed a constant sequence during healing and failure to progress normally predicted nonunion.  (+info)

Acute fractures of the scaphoid. Treatment by cast immobilisation with the wrist in flexion or extension? (2/410)

Acute fractures of the scaphoid were randomly allocated for conservative treatment in a Colles'-type plaster cast with the wrist immobilised in either 20 degrees flexion or 20 degrees extension. The position of the wrist did not influence the rate of union of the fracture (89%) but when reviewed after six months the wrists which had been immobilised in flexion had a greater restriction of extension. We recommend that acute fractures of the scaphoid should be treated in a Colles'-type cast with the wrist in slight extension.  (+info)

Use of computed tomography and plantar pressure measurement for management of neuropathic ulcers in patients with diabetes. (3/410)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Total contact casting is effective at healing neuropathic ulcers, but patients have a high rate (30%-57%) of ulcer recurrence when they resume walking without the cast. The purposes of this case report are to describe how data from plantar pressure measurement and spiral x-ray computed tomography (SXCT) were used to help manage a patient with recurrent plantar ulcers and to discuss potential future benefits of this technology. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 62-year-old man with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) of 34 years' duration, peripheral neuropathy, and a recurrent plantar ulcer. Although total contact casting or relieving weight bearing with crutches apparently allowed the ulcer to heal, the ulcer recurred 3 times in an 18-month period. Spiral x-ray computed tomography and simultaneous pressure measurement were conducted to better understand the mechanism of his ulceration. OUTCOMES: The patient had a severe bony deformity that coincided with the location of highest plantar pressures (886 kPa). The results of the SXCT and pressure measurement convinced the patient to wear his prescribed footwear always, even when getting up in the middle of the night. The ulcer healed in 6 weeks, and the patient resumed his work, which required standing and walking for 8 to 10 hours a day. DISCUSSION: Following intervention, the patient's recurrent ulcer healed and remained healed for several months. Future benefits of these methods may include the ability to define how structural changes of the foot relate to increased plantar pressures and to help design and fabricate optimal orthoses.  (+info)

Fractures of the posteromedial process of the talus. A report of two cases. (4/410)

The authors present two cases of fractures of posteromedial process of talus. One was treated conservatively and the other by excision. The appearances of the CT scans, the therapeutic options and the mechanisms of injury are discussed.  (+info)

Chondrodiatasis in a patient with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia using the Ilizarov technique: successful correction of an angular deformity with ensuing ossification of a large metaphyseal lesion. A case report. (5/410)

Distraction through the physis (chondrodiatasis) is a controversial technique with unpredictable results. However, it has been used in the past for the lengthening and correction of angular deformities of long bones. We report the case of an 11-year-old patient with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD) who presented with a severe recurvatum deformity of the left proximal tibia secondary to collapse of the tibial plateau into a large metaphyseal cystic lesion. Using the chondrodiatasis technique with a percutaneously applied Ilizarov circular frame, we were able to correct this deformity. Surprisingly, healing and ossification of the metaphyseal lesion was simultaneously observed at the end of the treatment, a finding which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported.  (+info)

A five-year assessment of controlled trials of in-patient and out-patient treatment and of plaster-of-Paris jackets for tuberculosis of the spine in children on standard chemotherapy. Studies in Masan and Pusan, Korea. Fifth report of the Medical Research Council Working Party on tuberculosis of the spine. (6/410)

In two centres in Korea 350 patients with a diagnosis of tuberculosis of the thoracic and/or lumbar spine were allocated at random: in Masan to in-patient rest in bed (IP) for six months followed by out-patient treatment or to ambulatory out-patient treatment (OP) from the start; in Pusan to out-patient treatment with a plaster-of-Paris jacket (J) for nine months or to ambulatory treatment without any support (No J). All patients recieved chemotherapy with PAS with isoniazid for eighteen months, either supplemented with streptomycin for the first three months (SPH) or without this supplement (PH), by random allocation. The main analysis of this report concerns 299 patients (eighty-three IP, eighty-three OP, sixty-three J, seventy No J; 143 SPH, 156 PH). Pre-treatment factors were similar in both centres except that the patients in Pusan had, on average, less extensive lesions although in a greater proportion the disease was radiographically active. One patient (J/SPH) died with active spinal disease and three (all No J/SPH) with paraplegia. A fifth patient (IP/PH) who died from cardio respiratory failure also had pulmonary tuberculosis. Twenty-three patients required operation and/or additional chemotherapy for the spinal lesion. A sinus or clinically evident abscess was either present initially or developed during treatment in 41 per cent of patients. Residual lesions persisted in ten patients (four IP, two OP, one J, three No J; six SPH, four PH) at five years. Thirty-two patients had paraparesis on admission or developing later. Complete resolution occurred in twenty on the allocated regimen and in eight after operation or additional chemotherapy or both. Of the remaining four atients, all of whom had operation and additional chemotherapy, three died and one still had paraparesis at five years. Of 295 patients assessed at five years 89 per cent had a favourable status. The proportions of the patients responding favourably were similar in the IP (91 per cent) and OP (89 per cent) series, in the J (90 per cent) and No J (84 per cent) series and in the SPH (86 per cent) and PH (92 per cent) series.  (+info)

Intra-articular absorption and distribution of ketoprofen after topical plaster application and oral intake in 100 patients undergoing knee arthroscopy. (7/410)

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the kinetics of ketoprofen in synovial fluid and intra-articular tissues in relation to plasma. The secondary objective was to study whether intra-articular tissues act as reservoirs. METHODS: The ketoprofen concentration was analysed in plasma, synovial fluid and intra-articular tissues after single application of a 30 mg plaster (n = 40), multiple applications for 5 days (n = 30) or oral intake of 50 mg (n = 30) in patients undergoing knee arthroscopy. RESULTS: Median CMax values after topical application were 12.8 ng/ml in synovial fluid, 56.7 ng/g in synovial tissue, 349.3 ng/g in meniscus and 568.9 ng/g in cartilage. CONCLUSION: Topical applications of ketoprofen allow the attainment of high intra-articular tissue concentrations.  (+info)

Atraumatic bilateral Achilles tendon rupture: an association of systemic steroid treatment. (8/410)

A case of bilateral Achilles tendon rupture associated with steroid use is reported. This case illustrates the importance of taking a thorough drug history in cases of tendon rupture. In lower limb tendon rupture all patients, especially those on steroids, should be warned of the increased risk of contralateral injury.  (+info)

Total contact casting (TCC) is a specially designed cast designed to take weight off of the foot (off-loading) in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Reducing pressure on the wound by taking weight of the foot has proven to be very effective in DFU treatment. DFUs are a major factor leading to lower leg amputations among the diabetic population in the US with 85% of amputations in diabetics being preceded by a DFU. Furthermore, the 5 year post-amputation mortality rate among diabetics is estimated at around 45% for those suffering from neuropathic DFUs. TCC has been used for off-loading DFUs in the US since the mid-1960s and is regarded by many practitioners as the "reference standard" for off-loading the bottom surface (sole) of the foot. TCC involves encasing the patients complete foot, including toes, and the lower leg in a specialist cast that redistributes weight and pressure in the lower leg and foot during everyday movements. This redistributes pressure from the foot into the leg, ...
Care guide for Hip Spica Cast Care in Children. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
MedE-Kast® Total Contact Cast System CLAIMED FEATURES: Casting System Includes: Primary Dressing, Tan Stockinette, Tibial Crest/ Malleolar Pad, Adhesive Foam Toe Pad, Paper Tape, P...
Comparison of volar-flexion, ulnar-deviation and functional position cast immobilization in the non-operative treatment of distal radius fracture in elderly patients : a pragmatic randomized controlled trial study ...
If the other methods are not successful, or if DDH is diagnosed at age 6 months to 2 years, surgery may be required to put the hip back into place manually, also known as a "closed reduction." Children older than 2 years may require an "open surgery" to realign the hip, followed by spica cast. If successful, a special cast (called a spica cast) is put on the baby to hold the hip in place. The spica cast is worn for approximately three to six months. The cast is changed from time to time to accommodate the babys growth and to ensure the casts rigidity, as it may soften with daily wear. The cast remains on the hip until the hip returns to normal placement. Following casting, a special brace and/or physical therapy exercises may be necessary to make the muscles around the hip and in the legs stronger.. ...
Application of a plaster cast seems to be easy. But it is only a make-believe. The wrong use of this kind of dressing may cause many complications, for instance local skin maceration, skin injuries or pressure on the blood vessels which may cause necrosis. That is why we have to do everything we can to protect the skin and the outgrowths under the cast against abrasions and prevent the itching, providing the patient with comfort. A correctly applied cast may free the patient from the pain and enable to move the limb despite the trauma.. ...
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
Your child can move and play normally while wearing their cast and cast shoe. They cannot get their cast wet. The cast should be removed 24 hours before your next visit unless your child complains of pain, numbness, tingling or you notice a change in the color of their skin. The cast should be immediately removed then. Your child may complain of some discomfort the first 24 hours when getting used to the muscle stretch. Our casts can be removed at home by a caregiver.. Cast care and cast removal instructions. Download care instructions ...
According to the Carnegie Museum, which has a fine collection, "In the 19th century, the demand for plaster casts skyrocketed. As centerpieces of the great international fairs, casts nourished nationalistic pride, while independent cast galleries served the Victorian fervor for education by providing instruction to both the amateur and the art student. Also, the dominance of historical styles in premodern architecture required that the architecture student study the outstanding buildings of the past; in this pursuit, plaster casts played an essential role ...
A surgical cast venting device comprises two elongate strips or two layers of flexible material, at least one of which is porous. The strips or layers are spaced apart from each other and extend parallel to each other. Flexible, solid spacer members are arranged between the two strips or layers and connect them together. These members form air passageways between adjacent spacers so that air is normally free to pass along the passageways. A moisture-absorbent fabric layer extends along an outer side of the porous strip or layer opposite the spacers. In an alternate version, there is a first strip which is porous and a series of substantially flat, flexible outer members arranged in a row from one end of the strip to an opposite end. The outer members are spaced from the strip and opposite side edges of the strip and of the outer members are aligned with one another.
I broke my fifth metarsal mid shaft with no displacement and will have this half cast (walking) on for 8 weeks... I would like to have the cast trimmed back to the ankle area now because when the bone is healed, I will not be able to walk, have ankle pain and have to do physical therapy for 7 weeks. I want to avoid this....so will my OS be able to trim the cast back...? ...
My pools plaster is nearing end-of-life, and I am not financially prepared for that major work. This past summer my pool was attacked by black algae, a battle that I apparently won by draining the pool and blasting every inch with a pressure washer. Of course, blasting the black algae resulted in some areas of rough plaster. Recently I used Patch-It to fill a small defect on the bottom of the pool, and I noticed some rough plaster nearby, so I added a bit more water to the patch-it material, to the consistency of thick paint, spread it over the rough plaster area, and allowed it to self level. The next day, the patch looked great, and the rough plaster area was smooth as silk. Heres where I need your expertise: If I fill the pool now, what will happen to the rough plaster area that I smoothed out using Patch-it?? Will it fail immediately? Fail after one month? A year ...
Waterproof plaster cast covers allow you to shower, bathe or swim. Prosthetic leg covers also available. Made in the UK. Collect from manufacturer in Bristol.
An item used as cushioning under plaster casts and/or splints to prevent chafing or slipping and it may be used for building up casts. ...
Ecos essay goes into much more detail than Carroll or Borges, discussing the major requirements for a 1:1 map to be useful. He insists that the map be able to exist within the country being mapped; I guess this is because its not useful as a travel reference if the map must be elsewhere. It must be an actual map, rather than a mechanically created replica: for example, it would be cheating to take a plaster cast of the whole country and call it a map. The map also needs to be useful as a tool for referencing other parts of the country: so it cant be the case that for any location X, the depiction of X on the map lies on the portion of the map directly located at X, since then the map would be no more useful than a transparent sheet over the land. He also discusses various physical constraints such as the materials needed, folding techniques, and the effect on the actual country of having a giant map rolled out over it ...
Back in the 70s, I came by my jeans honestly. My friend Adam and I would walk down to Kaufmans department store to buy our brand new bell bottom jeans. They were Levis. When brand new, they were blue as night and stiff as a plaster cast. They wouldnt be worth anything for weeks. We had to wear them and wear them and wear them, and have our mothers wash them and wash them, and sometimes wed put them on wet out of the washer so that they would dry to our skin ...
Mineral-based plasters can be divided up into plaster and render for outdoors and indoors. Consider airtightnetness, moisture, hygroscopicity & thermal mass
Serial casting is a common procedure used by physiotherapists to stretch the different muscles in different parts of the body due to injuries or muscle tightness.. ...
Our herbal medicated plaster promotes blood circulation, sticks well to the skin, ease rheumatism discomfort, lessen arthrities & joint pain. Order Now!
Our herbal medicated plaster promotes blood circulation, sticks well to the skin, ease rheumatism discomfort, lessen arthrities & joint pain. Order Now!
(Phys.org) -- Old buildings are beautiful – and hard to insulate. Empa and the Swiss render manufacturer Fixit AG together developed a new Aerogel-based plaster that provides twice the insulation of currently used insulating ...
... available to buy online at Weldricks. UK based Weldricks Pharmacy is Committed to Community Healthcare.
Health care providers take off casts with a small electrical saw. The saw cuts through the cast material but stops before it touches the skin.. When the cast is off, the skin will probably look pale, dry, or flaky. The hair will look darker and the muscles will look smaller. This is normal and goes away within a few weeks.. ...
Learn to care for child living in a body cast by keeping the cast clean, skin care, bathing, itching, discomfort, nutrition, equipment, & transportation.
The plaster is now staying on for a total of 6 weeks but I can do some movement inside the plaster and the discomfort is almost minimal (compared to what it was). first drive (in automatic) 2 days ago and getting pretty good hobbling along in the supermarket. on the climbing wall (in our house), I just drag myself along on the lower holds and just do mini-pull-ups. All in all, I cant complain (needless to say that Im looking forward to getting the bloody thing off :-); now 4,5 weeks to go...). ...
Attention California Customers: Proposition 65 requires us to state that herbs and herbal products that we have for sale may contain chemicals that are known to the State of California to cause cancer and or birth defects or other reproductive harm.. ...
A lot has changed for the folks involved with this timeless holiday classic. See the cast of Dr. Seuss How the Grinch Stole Christmas 15 years later!
In the near future, having a broken arm could look way cooler thanks to a new, black, lightweight 3-D printed cast thats patterned like latticework and...
The actors who play The Simpsons have netted themselves a payout which will see cast members taking home a massive £200,000 per episode
General Hospital Episode #1.12076 (TV Episode 2010) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more.
General Hospital Episode #1.11957 (TV Episode 2009) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more.
ABC announced the cast of Dancing with the Stars 24 on Good Morning America, and the stars include Mr. T, Charo, and Bachelor Nick Viall.
NEW YORK - Snooki, JWOWW, The Situation and most of the original Jersey Shore cast is returning to MTV for another installment of the reality series next year.
Archie Yates (Jojo Rabbit), Ellie Kemper (The Office), and Rob Delaney (Catastrophe) have joined Disney+s Home Alone reboot cast.
Rebecca cast list, listed alphabetically with photos when available. This list of Rebecca actors includes any Rebecca actresses and all other actors from the film. ...
Titanic II cast list, listed alphabetically with photos when available. This list of Titanic II actors includes any Titanic II actresses and all other actors from t...
I was doing a run of malygos today first time since the patch and for some reason while in the vortex im not able to cast CoH at all? Did they change this or anyone know what the deal is?
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a/gfx/layers/ipc/CompositorChild.cpp +++ b/gfx/layers/ipc/CompositorChild.cpp @@ -31,16 +31,17 @@ namespace mozilla { namespace layers { /*static*/ CompositorChild* CompositorChild::sCompositor; Atomic,int32_t, CompositableForwarder::sSerialCounter(0); CompositorChild::CompositorChild(ClientLayerManager *aLayerManager) : mLayerManager(aLayerManager) + , mCanSend(true) { } CompositorChild::~CompositorChild() { } void @@ -50,16 +51,17 @@ CompositorChild::Destroy() mLayerManager = nullptr; // start from the end of the array because Destroy() can cause the // LayerTransactionChild to be removed from the array. for (int i = ManagedPLayerTransactionChild().Length() - 1; i ,= 0; --i) { RefPtr,LayerTransactionChild, layers = static_cast,LayerTransactionChild*,(ManagedPLayerTransactionChild()[i]); layers-,Destroy(); } + MOZ_ASSERT(!mCanSend); SendStop(); } bool CompositorChild::LookupCompositorFrameMetrics(const FrameMetrics::ViewID aId, FrameMetrics& aFrame) { SharedFrameMetricsData* data = ...
Episode Guide for Gooische Vrouwen 3x08: Het Ongeluk. Episode summary, trailer and screencaps; guest stars and main cast list; and more.
Find where Rebecca More is credited alongside another name:. This will allow you to search for titles that have another person in the cast. It does NOT mean that they necessarily worked together.. If youre not sure of the way the name is spelled in our database, use a substring, and well check it out on the next page.... ...
Find where Jean-Claude Batiste is credited alongside another name:. This will allow you to search for titles that have another person in the cast. It does NOT mean that they necessarily worked together.. If youre not sure of the way the name is spelled in our database, use a substring, and well check it out on the next page.... ...
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the idiopathic congenital clubfoot deformity treated by Ponseti method to determine the different factors such as radiological investigations that may have relations with the risk of failure and recurrence in mid-term follow-up of the patients. Methods: Since 2006 to 2011, 226 feet from 149 patients with idiopathic congenital clubfoot were treated with weekly castings by Ponseti method. Anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographies were performed at the final follow-up visit and the data from clinical and radiological outcomes were analysed. Results: In our patients, 191(84.9%) feet required percutaneous tenotomy. The successful correction rate was 92% indication no need for further surgical correction. No significant correlation was found between the remained deformity rate and the severity of the deformity and compliance of using the brace (P=0.108 and 0.207 respectively). The remained deformity rate had an inverse association with the beginning age
Full text available only in PDF format". References. 1. Kite JH. Nonoperative treatment of congenital clubfoot. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1939;21-A:595-606.. 2. Richards BS, Faulks S, Rathjen KE, Karol LA, Johnston CE, Jones SA. A comparison of two nonoperative methods of idiopathic clubfoot correction: the Ponseti method and the French functional (physiotherapy) method. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2008;90-A:2313-21.. 3. Ponseti IV, Smoley EN. Congenital clubfoot. The results of treatment. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1963;45-A:261-344.. 4. Cooper DM, Dietz FR. Treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. A thirty-year follow-up note. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1995;77-A:1477-89.. ...
For young children with diaphyseal femoral fractures, treatment with a single-leg spica cast is safe and effective, and facilitates patient care and function compared with double-leg spica casting.
|b|Peer review has expired on this program. It is the viewers responsibility to determine the educational value of this historical content.|br||/b||b|Peer review has expired on this program. It is the viewers responsibility to determine the educational value of this historical content.|br||/b||p|The Ponseti technique has been used successfully for the initial treatment of idiopathic clubfeet. The technique has drastically reduced the use of more aggressive surgical reconstructions of the foot. The majority of cases are corrected beyond recognition with serial casting with or without Achilles tenotomy. However, relapses do occur and the appropriate treatment of this is not well established, particularly as the patient ages. Ponseti described his case series of relapses and recommended maintaining his principles with an added element of overcorrection with the casts. In this video, we provide an overview of persistent/recurrent (relapsed) clubfoot. We also show the treatment of relapsed bilateral
Clubfoot (talipes equinovarus) is a common congenital deformity and often treated with the Ponseti method. To correct the adductus deformity, the orthopaedist applies manual pressure on the medial side of the first metatarsal with counter pressure on the lateral side of the talar neck, abducting the foot while aligning the talus with the calcaneus. This manipulation stretches the tissues on the medial side of the foot and is maintained for a week with a plaster cast. Most cases of clubfoot are corrected after five to six cast changes and, in many cases, a percutaneous Achilles tenotomy. After the casting period a foot abduction brace is used for four years to prevent relapse.. We have measured the applied forces on the clubfoot during the Ponseti method (Giesberts, et al. (2017) Quantifying the Ponseti method). Our main observation in this measurement were the great differences between practitioners. The measured pressure of the cast on the instrumented foot would probably cause skin problems in ...
Currently, guidelines and clinical practice differ considerably with respect to use of anticoagulant treatment during cast immobilization of the lower leg. Trials that have been carried out were aimed at efficacy only, had small sample sizes and therefore mainly used asymptomatic thrombosis as endpoint. From these trials an overall risk benefit-balance could not be established, hence the current controversy. In the proposed study the investigators will use relevant symptomatic endpoints in a large cohort of patients. Furthermore the investigators will follow subjects with an adverse event for a longer period, during which the investigators will assess the long term sequelae of these events. Lastly, the investigators will determine high risk groups that will benefit most from anticoagulant treatment.. Objective: Comparative effectiveness research to determine cost-effectiveness of two existing policies, i.e. treatment with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) during lower leg plaster cast ...
The Ponseti method is a non-surgical method of treatment for clubfoot. It was developed by Dr. Ignacio V. Ponseti at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.
Like his mom, Sam was born with the foot deformity known as clubfoot. But after her experience with painful surgery as a child, Allison decided to bring Sam to pediatric orthopedic specialist Dr. Matthew Dobbs for non-surgical treatment known as the Ponseti Method. Allison shares Sams experience and her advice for other parents of children with clubfoot.. ...
Clubfoot is one of the most common, non-life threatening, major birth defects among infants globally. Approximately one in every 1,000 newborns has clubfoot. Of those, one in three have both feet clubbed. The exact cause is unknown. Two out of three clubfoot babies are boys. Clubfoot is twice as likely to occur if one or both parents and/or a sibling has had it. Less severe infant foot problems are often incorrectly called clubfoot.. Clubfoot twists the heel and toes inward. It often appears like the top of the foot is on the bottom. Additionally, the clubfoot, calf, and leg are smaller and shorter than normal. When clubfoot is detected at birth, it is not painful and is correctable.. The goal of treating clubfoot is to make the infants clubfoot (or feet) functional, painless, and stable by the time he or she is ready to walk. Serial casting is the process used to slowly move the bones of a clubfoot into the proper alignment. The doctor starts by gently stretching the childs clubfoot toward ...
A St. Louis Childrens Hospital doctor describes the Ponseti method for correcting club foot. This is a casting protocol in which the foot is manipulated for less than a minute, and then casted.. ...
Plaster Cast Bandage Specialist 2in x 3 Yards Fast Set 5-8 Minutes BSN 7372- 12/PK. BSN Medical 7372 Blue Specialist Plaster of Paris Fast Setting Bandage. Smooth Cast Finish. Pack of 12
Orthopedic doctors at Hassenfeld Children's Hospital at Pelisyonkis Langone use the Ponseti method to treat infants diagnosed with clubfoot. Learn more.
Portable Hip Spica is suitable for children aged 12 months to 3 years old who are in plaster casts following hip surgery and require supportive seating. Easy-to-use knobs allow you to adjust the seat height, depth, angle and tilt as well as the height of the back and arm rests. Chairs come complete with pelvic straps, shoulder harness and tray. For children ages 1-3, this chair design offers high levels of adjustability and creates a lightweight alternative to the Multi Adjustable Hip Spica Chai. ...
The aim of this article is to bring together and share preliminary analytical results from the V&A Science and student research papers, working observations and studio tests carried out over the last four years on the V&As plaster cast collection.
Mutations in human and/or mouse homologs are associated with this disease. Synonyms: congenital clubfoot; Congenital equinovarus; congenital talipes equinovarus; Equinovarus deformity of foot (finding)
This is the first study to report the probability of undergoing ATTT surgery as a function of age using survivorship analysis following Ponseti clubfoot treatment. Although the overall probability reached 29% at 6 years, this was significantly reduced by compliance with bracing. This information may be useful to the clinician when counseling families at the start of treatment.. How Many Patients Who Have a Clubfoot Treated Using the Ponseti Method are Likely to Undergo a Tendon Transfer?. Zionts, Lewis E. MD; Jew, Michael H. BS; Bauer, Kathryn L. MD; Ebramzadeh, Edward PhD; N. Sangiorgio, Sophia PhD. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, July 2, 2016. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000828. A physiotherapy-led ponseti service versus a standard orthopaedic surgeon-led service: A prospective randomised trial This study presents the first prospective randomised series comparing a physiotherapy led Ponseti service with a standard orthopaedic surgeon led series. 16 infants with bilateral CTEV were randomised ...
There are several reasons to have a body plaster cast made surviving breast cancer, embarking on a weight loss journey, a before-and-after casting before a. Inch Loss Treatments. Yeso-Therapy Plaster-Wrap Body Wrap, Technique that uses a hard cast or bandages moistened with water and plaster you can loose. Body plaster cast for dorsal immobilisation was applied for 6 weeks and. In our patient, severe weight loss and prolonged supine position were the major.
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Parents may find adhering to the treatment process difficult. Many Ponseti treatment programmes have found that bracing is the most difficult phase of treatment for parents to adhere to. Non-adherence and drop-out rates can also be high in the manipulation and casting phases of treatment too. Failure to adhere means that recurrence of the clubfoot deformity is highly likely to occur; this is frustrating both for parents and clinicians. It also results in considerable waste of parents and service providers resources. A study in New Zealand showed that the Ponseti method is far less cost-effective when adherence rates are low; this is due to the expense of managing recurrences (43).. In programmes where adherence is particularly problematic the causes for this should be investigated. It is important to understand what the barriers to adherence are so that parents do not get blamed for lack of adherence as it can be due to circumstances outside their control. Previous studies have shown that most ...
Finding the causes of congenital clubfoot - the most common musculoskeletal birth defect - is of critical importance to provide counseling to the families, help in the understanding of the natural history of the deformity after correction and, eventually, in the development of treatments based on the basic molecular abnormality. This study demonstrates that in a small subset of patients (4 out of 66) with congenital clubfoot, a chromosomal abnormality is associated with the deformity. Interestingly, this genetic variation is also associated with other abnormalities including short stature, hip dysplasia, and subtle nail and bony deformities. This later finding separates these patients from the most common form of clubfoot, idiopathic clubfoot, and highlights the importance of careful clinical evaluation when ascertaining patients for genetic studies. In summary, this is an important study that adds to our current understanding of this common birth defect ...
THE PONSETI METHOD: Ponsetis method, based on expert manipulation and plaster casts, can be done at comparatively low cost and is considered noninvasive. Sometimes the childs Achilles tendon is cut, allowing the foot to be straightened. The tendon repairs itself in a few months. In recent years, the method has made strides in Third World nations, particularly Uganda, Congo, Rwanda, Kenya and Tanzania.". ...
Sep 22, 2015 LinkedIn Post. Last week it was reported that developing world countries are now showing an increase in antibiotic resistance: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-34276557. As with any issue affecting the developing world, such a problem will potentially affect huge numbers of people, due simply to the scale of populations. Whilst in many ways its good that incomes are rising in the developing world, enabling more people access to health care, this also means that the sizeable challenge of antibiotic overuse and subsequent resistance is spreading in low income / high population countries.. Relevant then, is the use of the non-surgical Ponseti method of correction of congenital clubfoot, a condition affecting an estimated 200,000 newborns globally per annum, 80% of whom arrive in a developing country.. Uncorrected clubfoot deformity is a misery for the afflicted child, a burden and a grief for the family. The disabled child who cant walk easily, is disadvantaged physically, and a drain ...
Clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus, refers to a developmental deformity of the foot in which one or both feet are excessively plantar flexed, with the forefoot swung medially and the sole facing inward (). It is a common congenital malformation, typica
I recently received a wonderful letter from the mother of a 10-month-old boy who had been born with a left clubfoot. She wanted to be sure I would let pare
We met with her CP doctor this week and developed a new plan, based on the recommendation of her new PT. Mollie walks with a slight limp, due to the fact that she cant raise her toes on her right foot. Her heel cord is extremely tight, and she cant raise her foot past neutral. To compensate, and avoid tripping on her toes, she raises her right hip. There are several approaches we could take to address this problem, ranging from "do nothing" to surgery. After much debate, weve decided to try serial casting and an AFO. With serial casting, the PTs will put a cast on her, and then recast her in a slightly higher position every week for 3-6 weeks, hoping to stretch the muscle and joint enough to improve her mobility. After the casting, the hinged ankle-foot-orthotic is basically a small brace that she can wear inside her normal shoe, which will allow the ankle to flex but wont allow her toe to drag. We hope that this plan will improve her gait, allow her to expend less energy walking and ...
Total Estimated Panel Weight (44 panels): 6000 lbs. Total Linear Dimension of 44 panels: approximately 5000 cm (186 lin. ft.) Average Panel Dimensions: 107 x 115 x 6 cm. Average Panel Weight: 139 lbs (estimated using average panel width). Total number of panels: 44 Dimensions: panels vary only in width; they all have the same height (approximately 107 cm) and the same depth (approximately 6 cm). The average width is 115 cm (approximately 4 ft ...
manifest IIIF. Our records are constantly being enhanced and improved, but please note that we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information shown on this website. ...
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Kentucky Derby Presented by Yum! Brands (gr. I) winner Barbaro continues to improve following the removal of his right hind leg cast last week, according to his medical team.
Tonight was step forward on our journey of the STAND Beautiful Tour. Tonight my friends and I all got together and decorated these little shoes for the kids in India as a part of their Ponseti method…
I stayed in the hospital with Lyla for the week. Kris looked after Blair and came in to give me some relief and help every day. Lylas grandparents and our friends helped with collecting Blair from school and coming in to visit to bring coffee, give us all some support and to show us that they cared.. The next 48 hours all blurred into each other and Im not really sure what order things happened in during this time. She would sleep for what seems like minutes then wake up crying. In the middle of the night it was agreed that the spica cast was too tight about her belly so that was cut after a late night call to her surgeon. The next day the anaesthetist agreed to more iv medication to help her stop spasming in the cast which was seemed like a good idea but her two cannulas were tissuing over and getting more cannulas into Lylas little veins with her extreme movement and distress was impossible for anyone other than anaesthetists. After one junior doctor and two registrars had turned her into a ...
Astrapharm Chilli Brand Porous Capsicum Plaster Strong (Large). The comfortable remedy for Lumbago th ewlief of symptoms for muscular pain and stiffness and cramp.. Application:. Wash the skin with soap and water and dry it well. Remove the covering material from the adhesive side of the plaster. Place the plaster on the aching spot and press it on the skin until it sticks. After use, remove the plaster by taking it at one corner and tear it off. If there are any remnants, they can be removed easily by rubbing the spot with baby oil or olive oil. In extreme cases a second one may be applied.. ...
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The trim, baseboards & picture molding in my home are flush with the walls in some places. We pulled the baseboards & some trim out of one room and we could see the layers of plaster, wallpaper, plaster, and maybe some drywall. This makes it really tough to paint - the plaster is jagged around some trim, the trim is actually recessed into the plaster in places, and it just looks like a mess. You cant tape anything off to paint because you can barely tell where the wall ends and the trim begins. Does anyone else have this problem? Why would anyone keep adding layers of wall to a room?
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Clubfoot can be treated with a simple nonsurgical treatment involving a series of plaster casts to guide the foot into the proper position.
Thus what makes a plaster kit exceptional is a reflection of the time and effort that was invested in designing the model and making the masters followed by how well the castings are made. All the earlier work may be for not if the castings are full of bubbles and flash. So be wary when you purchase a kit to ensure the product quality meets your expectations. Fortuntely though, most manufactures take emmense pride in their work and imperfections are very rare. One of the attractions of plaster is its ability to capture almost any surface in great detail. Plaster can be used to replicate almost any type of surface: wood, stone, brick, etc And as you will notice, additionals details can be cast into the model such as lintels, brackets, NBW, conduit, etc. One addtional feature I like about plaster castings is the speed of assembly. Since most of the model details can be cast in the surface, there is less that we have to add later. Thus the model goes together quickly and with ease. Handling ...
It seems that every facility, every doctor has a brace they prefer. My son is 20 months. Weve done early intervention serial casting for the past 8 months and were informed that his spine is becoming too rigid and correction isnt being achieved. :( He is in his fifth cast and Im wondering if there is anything we can do to increase his flexibility while in a cast. If this cast doesnt get us any correction, we will move into a brace. His doctor recommended using a local orthotist for
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Theres a lot packed into this post! I wish Id known more about Ponseti serial casting when I brought my first daughter home at age 7 and she was the size of a 4 yr. old. The doctors and Kaiser didnt listen to me when I told them that her feet were still like a babys feet. Less than one year ago, now age 12, I found out my daughter has a genetic condition that delayed bone age. She would definitely have benefitted from casting. On the other hand, they also refused to do surgery, a blessing in disguise. It was hard to find out last year at Shriners that so much more could have been done for my daughters feet. At least the SMOs helped them grow straight after I sought extensive chiropractic care for her feet after Kaiser didnt do anything ...
... , a plaster is used as the mold material. Only low temperature melting materials such as aluminum, copper, zinc can be used. This process is most suitable for making quick prototype and limited production parts.
The JVL Researchers in close collaboration with orthopaedic surgeons, have conducted studies on the treatment and outcome of idiopathic clubfoot.
... ,Using a cast saw to remove a cast from an arm or leg can often create anxiety in patients. Occasionally patients are cut or burned by the cast saw blade. GORE DE-FLEX Protective Strip enables healthcare professionals to remove any cast with confidence. This innovative, cut-resistant cast removal ai,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
Providing information about clubfoot (talipes) and support for support for those affected. The message board includes a section especially for adults with clubfoot (talipes). Includes treatment options, links, guestbook and mailing lists. Also includes my daughters journal.
Indication for use:. Can be used in cases of knee joint traumas, sprain of ligaments, arthritis, arthrosis, during rehabilitation after plaster cast. Also used for prevention of common dislocation and traumas while physical exercises.. ...
In our evolutionary kin we see faces both strange and familiar-visibly different from us but marked with an instantly recognizable psychologi-cal inner fire. The re-creations are the work of paleoartist John Gurche at the Paleontological Research Institution in Ithaca, New York. He has been sculpting extinct humans since he was a child, when he first became fascinated with evolution. "When youre a kid and you love something, you do art about it," he says. "I just never stopped.". To create these lifelike busts, Gurche starts with a plastic or plaster cast of the most complete skull available for each species, typically provided by an expert in the field. Then he goes to work on the face-beginning, surprisingly, with the eyes, which he crafts from layers of acrylic plastic. "The most difficult part is getting a feeling of life in the eyes," he says. "You have to feel a presence behind them." Next he adds muscle, cartilage, and fat features using clay. Gurche infers the size and shape of soft ...
Nelson had gone to work by the time Madeleine got up that morning. She had recently broken a leg and was limping around in a plaster cast. When she came downstairs Adamski had some news for her. Chalk up Zany Moment One: One of the Boys had come to the door at 8.30 a.m. on his way to meeting the new Vice-President, Hubert Humphrey. He advised George that he and Madeleine should get their cameras ready for a flying saucer visit. During the day they loaded film into Madeleines new movie camera that she had received from her husband as a Christmas present. Some time between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m. the two looked out of the dining room window and saw a disc moving in the distance. And then Zany Moment Two: a grey Oldsmobile screeched to a halt at the bottom of the Rodeffer driveway, which meets the street 40 metres from their elegant home. Three men leaped out of the car and ran up the driveway waving their arms and shouting: "Theyre here! Get your cameras! Theyre here!" It was "the Boys"! Well, no, ...
Wow, I stumbled upon the work of UK artist Jamie McCartney, and was pretty much blown away. You have to visit his site ASAP: The Great Wall of Vagina. The 9 metre long polyptych consists of four hundred plaster casts of vulvas, all of them unique, arranged into ten large panels. McCartney set out to make this project as broad and inclusive a ...
Don explores the freakiest mysteries from the plaster cast of Siamese twins, Cheng and Eng at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia to one of the most startling exhibits at the Detroit Science Center where 2 dozen 200-year-old corpses are perfectly preserved.
One the museum highlights is a plaster cast of Chang and Eng, conjoined twins who were born in Thailand in 1811 (hence the term "Siamese Twins.") They came to the US in 1829, and attracted large audiences as touring "freakshow" performers. The twins married sisters who later got into a fight - so the brothers spent three days at one wifes home, then three days at the others!. Chang and Eng were joined at the sternum and had a fused liver, which is on display at the Mutter. Chang had a stroke and drank heavily, so his liver was large and deformed. He died after suffering a fall and bronchitis, and his brother followed three hours later.. Another famous resident of the Mutter is The Soap Lady, on the right. Shes encased in adipocere, an unusual fatty substance that formed because her burial environment was alkaline, warm, and airless.. ...
a reas, it is best to fix them before proceeding. As you become more comfortable with mold-making, you will begin to recognize problem areas. Be pre p a red to learn by trial and erro r. Step 7 - Mixing and Pouring the Plaster: Preparation: Begin with a clean bucket. The bucket should be deep enough to allow you to mix enough plaster to fill the mold to at least a one-inch depth. ...
in the middle of patching half the kitchen ceiling. home is say from 1910-20 right in there somewhere. We left the lathing up and attached the drywall with 2 screws. For all intensive purposes the drywall is there. Have a few worries about seasonal shifts in temp/RH affecting expansion and contraction but not much can be done about it. My main concern is the joints where the drywall meets the old plaster. The gaps vary from 1/2 to 1/16th of an inch. The gap doesnt bother me as much as the discrepancies in the the vertical difference between the plaster and drywall.
Carefully clean the plastic bucket completely free of alginate bits and fill it with 3.5 litres of water Using the plastic bowl, sprinkle 5 kg of plaster powder in the water, do not simply dump it in. You may have weighted the plaster beforehand or weigh each bowl as you go until you have used the required quantity. When you have added all the plaster, it should form a small island at the surface of the water; if not, sprinkle a bit more until it does. Let the plaster soak for a few minutes then stir it gently. Let it rest 5 minutes ...
If the reduction is maintained, then the cast should continue for 4 to 6 weeks. If the fracture is displaced, surgical ... the cast may be placed above the elbow to control forearm rotation. However, an above-elbow cast may cause long-term rotational ... after which a splint or cast is placed and an X-ray is taken to ensure that the reduction was successful. The cast is usually ... "BestBets: Is a cast as useful as a splint in the treatment of a distal radius fracture in a child".. ...
Ear infections and surgical removal of the adenoids can cause an entity known as Grisel's syndrome, a subluxation of the upper ... also called a Callot's cast). There will be an intense physiotherapy program for 3-4 months as well as strengthening exercises ... Bartleson, J. D.; Deen, H. Gordon (2009-07-23). Spine Disorders: Medical and Surgical Management. Cambridge University Press. p ... Surgical release involves the two heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle being dissected free. This surgery can be minimally ...
Alternatives to scalpels in surgical applications include electrocautery and lasers. Surgical scalpels consist of two parts, a ... "Roman ruins cast new light on a trip to doctor". Telegraph.co.uk. December 9, 2007. Perry J, Parker G, Jagger J (2003). "EPINet ... "OSHA Standard Interpretations - Use of passing trays and single-handed scalpel blade remover in a surgical setting". Osha.gov. ... "ARTS-CULTURE - Excavations restarting at İkiztepe in northern Turkey". Ochsner J (2009). "Surgical Knife". Tex Heart Inst J. 36 ...
This often requires surgical intervention to prevent the progression of arthris. Two commonly performed procedures are: 1. ... The wrist is immobilised in a cast for six weeks after the surgery and then physiotherapy is started. 2. Scaphoid excision and ... Preiser's disease is initially treated by immobilising the wrist with a cast. However, in most cases the avascular scaphoid ...
An undisplaced fracture may be treated with a cast alone. A fracture with mild angulation and displacement may require closed ... An open fracture will always require surgical intervention. Thomas, Clayton L., M.D., M.P.H. (1993). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical ...
This treatment consists of application of a long-leg cast. Surgical treatment is typically indicated for high-energy trauma ...
Advances made in surgical technique during the 18th century, such as John Hunter's research on tendon healing and Percival ... Antonius Mathijsen, a Dutch military surgeon, invented the plaster of Paris cast in 1851. However, up until the 1890s, ... One of the first surgical procedures developed was percutaneous tenotomy. This involved cutting a tendon, originally the ... Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, ...
Laila Rouass was cast as cardiothoracic surgical registrar Sahira Shah, appeared from February 2011. Announcing her casting, ... Jimmy Akingbola joined the cast in January 2011 as general surgical registrar, Antoine Malick. ... Guy Henry was cast as new joint Director of Surgery and consultant general surgeon Henrik Hanssen, who arrived in the series' ... As the series had seen the departure of so many cast members, and the introduction of many new ones, Jacobs deemed it "a new ...
Plaster ingredients are used in surgical splints, casting moulds and modeling. Fertilizer and soil conditioner: In the late ... in ways that are useful for casting and construction. Gypsum was known in Old English as spærstān, "spear stone", referring to ...
The solution can be used on cast iron and mild low-carbon steel. The resulting finish complies with military specification MIL- ... Black oxide finish is used on surgical instruments in light-intensive environments to reduce eye fatigue. Room-temperature ... which blackens zinc-plated and galvanized surfaces without using any chrome and zinc die-casts. Black Oxide for Non-Ferrous ...
Jacobs and Clarke of the Holby City cast also star, along with general surgical registrar Nick Jordan (Michael French) and ... "Cast: [email protected] City". British Film Institute. Retrieved 20 April 2010.. *^ a b "Cast: [email protected] City: Something We ... Characters and cast[edit]. Main characters[edit]. Further information: Characters of Casualty and Characters of Holby City ... Once regular production began again, the availability of cast members set to appear in the crossover was limited, and both ...
In 1504, Leonardo da Vinci continued his study of the human body with a wax cast of the human ventricle system. In 1536, Nicolo ... In 1700 B.C., the Edwin Smith surgical papyrus was written. This papyrus was crucial in understanding how the ancient Egyptians ... Circa 1000, Al-Zahrawi, living in Iberia, began to write about different surgical treatments for neurological disorders. In ...
Of her casting, Chazen commented, "I am thrilled to be joining Holby as the outrageous Fleur - she's going to be a lot of fun ... Henrik returns to the hospital after deciding that he wants to "bring his surgical brilliance back to Holby." Henry expressed ... Former cast member Olga Fedori reprised her role as Frieda Petrenko for a guest appearance. The series also saw several actors ... He's such a weird and wonderful character to play - I've missed him! And the cast and crew at Holby are such fun to work with ...
... in an orthopedic cast and applying restraints on the "patient", tying him on a surgical bed and putting him under anesthesia to ... We are in front of a patient who we have on a surgical bed, and who, should the surgeon not strap on the surgical bed during ... We have put him in a plaster cast. We are checking him to find out if he can walk without the plaster cast. We break the ... The country is still in a plaster cast and the fractures have not healed. The cast will be kept on even after the referendum so ...
Henry's casting in Holby City was announced in August 2010. He deemed Hanssen "a bit of a mystery man", sent to the hospital by ... In March 2011, after attempting to move all Upper-GI surgical cases from Keller ward to St James' Hospital, undermining Ric in ... In the following weeks, the pressure from the board and the doubt cast by his colleagues causes Hanssen to depart Holby ... In November 2010, media entertainment website Digital Spy announced that Laila Rouass had been cast as Sahira Shah, a surgeon ...
The character and casting was announced on 18 May 2011. Barber began filming the week before his casting announcement. Rhys is ... Erin is a surgical intern at Erinsborough Hospital who is romantically pursued by Rhys Lawson (Ben Barber). Jansen told a ... Characters and cast at the Official AU Neighbours website Characters and cast at the Official UK Neighbours website Characters ... The character and casting was announced on 1 June 2011. Le had a two-month guest role with the show and she said joining ...
Other main cast members include Derek Shepherd, Miranda Bailey, Richard Webber and Preston Burke. These five interns become ... This chronicles the first 48-hour shift for the new surgical interns. Meredith (Ellen Pompeo) meets Derek Shepherd (Patrick ... "Grey's Anatomy Cast & Character Bios - ABC.com". Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012. "Weekly ... The episode introduces main characters and surgical interns Meredith Grey, Cristina Yang, Izzie Stevens, Alex Karev and George ...
Severe fractures are usually resolved with surgical intervention, followed by a period of healing using a cast or sling. Severe ... In most cases, patients are discharged from an emergency department with pain medicine and a cast or sling. These fractures are ... Most humerus fractures do not require surgical intervention. One-part and two-part proximal fractures can be treated with a ... In shaft and distal cases in which complications such as damage to the neurovascular bundle exist, then surgical repair is ...
3 Surgical approaches *3.1 Open hernia repair *3.1.1 Open mesh repairs *3.1.1.1 Lichtenstein technique ... Updated guidelines published by the International Endohernia Society cast doubt on the comprehensiveness of cost comparison ... "Surgical Endoscopy. 29 (2): 289-321. doi:10.1007/s00464-014-3917-8. ISSN 0930-2794. PMC 4293469. PMID 25398194.. ... "Surgical Endoscopy. 25 (9): 2773-2843. doi:10.1007/s00464-011-1799-6. ISSN 1432-2218. PMC 3160575. PMID 21751060.. ...
... such as casts, with therapeutic shoes, dressings, removable pressure relieving orthotic devices, and surgical interventions. ... Total contact casting (TCC) is a specially designed cast designed to take weight of the foot (off-loading) in patients with ... Farid K, Farid M, Andrews CM (2008). "Total contact casting as part of an adaptive care approach: a case study". Ostomy Wound ... By encasing the patient's complete foot - including the toes and lower leg - in a specialist cast to redistribute weight and ...
Chambers was cast in the role after sending a video of himself performing a Fred Astaire dance routine to over 800 television ... the Cardiothoracic surgical ward. Over the course of series 7 and 8, medical staff on this ward had been reduced solely to ... "Julie Harkin in casting at Holby saw it and gave me a call because they thought it was unusual. Originally I went up for a ... Sam Strachan was one of eight new characters to join Holby City's cast in its eighth series. In the context of the show, the ...
This condition does not resolve and requires surgical management. Surgical management includes valgus osteotomy to improve hip ... If HE angle is reduced to 38 degrees, less evidence of recurrence; post operative spica cast is used for a period of 6-8 weeks ...
The foot is held in place with a surgical pin or with Kirschner wire. After the operation, the patient wears an above-knee cast ... Generally, the surgical procedure involves making an anterolateral incision, stripping the ligaments from both malleoli and the ... Astragalectomy, sometimes called a talectomy, is a surgical operation for removal of the talus bone (astragalus) for ... for six weeks, followed by a below-knee cast for eighteen weeks. List of surgeries by type Podiatry procedures and surgeries. ...
Surgical excision may rarely be required in skeletally mature patients. In chronic cases that are refractory to conservative ... Bracing or use of an orthopedic cast to enforce joint immobilization is rarely required and does not necessarily encourage a ... treatment, surgical intervention yields good results, particularly for patients with bony or cartilaginous ossicles. Excision ...
He was also a regular cast member in the sitcom Surgical Spirit and appeared as Dennis Stokes in Coronation Street in 2004. ... His other television roles include Jonathan Haslam in the sitcom Surgical Spirit (1989-95); playing Kevin's dad in Harry ...
Sobanko JF, Alster TS (October 2012). "Management of acne scarring, part I: a comparative review of laser surgical approaches ... Hair casts. *Hair follicle nevus. *Intermittent hair-follicle dystrophy. *Keratosis pilaris atropicans ...
Surgical template and method for positioning dental casts and dental implants. US8352060. 5 May 2010. 8 Jan 2013. Hankookin, ... Surgical guides and methods for positioning artificial teeth and dental implants. US7861721 *. 19 Mar 2008. 4 Jan 2011. Ortho- ... Surgical guides and methods for positioning artificial teeth and dental implants. US8366442. 14 Feb 2007. 5 Feb 2013. ... In another embodiment, a 3D image scan of diagnostic casts can be performed and then the digital images would be processed to ...
A surgical cast venting device comprises two elongate strips or two layers of flexible material, at least one of which is ... Under cast air sleeve. US8777883 *. Jan 9, 2008. Jul 15, 2014. Alessandro Aldo Barberio. Surgical cast venting device and ... but showing a surgical cast formed on the venting device, a portion of the cast being broken away for sake of illustration; ... Ventilating means for surgical casts. US3097644 *. Aug 24, 1961. Jul 16, 1963. San Francisco Res Corp. Tubular surgical ...
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  • He received a patent in 1947 and the principle is used today in the "Stryker Saw", the standard surgical tool for bone and plaster casts. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1944, Kahlo's doctors had recommended that she wear a steel corset instead of the plaster casts she had worn previously. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, generations of Romanian art and medical students have studied anatomy from plaster casts made from the Ecorché. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in a field operation (1847), invented various kinds of surgical operations, and developed his own technique of using plaster casts to treat fractured bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ponseti method uses gentle, manual manipulation of the foot, followed by application of toe-to-groin plaster casts. (wikipedia.org)
  • such fusions required many months in plaster casts, and large curvatures could progress despite fusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The expedition was also commissioned to bring back a live baby walrus for the Bronx Zoo and to make plaster casts of a narwhal, a small Arctic whale, for a future Smithsonian exhibit. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical orthopedic cast tape for bone fracture brace Product Advantages 1.Easy operating to reduce the workload of doctors. (asiatradehub.com)
  • 4 . The surgical guide of claim 1 , wherein the negative impression surface includes internal features for mating over the specific conditions of the tissue in the patient's mouth, the structure further including openings for temporary fixation elements to lock the structure at the desired location in the patient's mouth, the tissue including one or more of gingival tissue, bone tissue, or teeth. (google.com.au)
  • Astragalectomy, sometimes called a talectomy, is a surgical operation for removal of the talus bone (astragalus) for stabilization of the ankle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes of synostosis (bone fusion) could include a surgical 'screwing together' of two bones, a very advanced case of arthritis leading to self-fusion of a joint by an internal process within the body or some other very traumatic event. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone segment navigation is a surgical method used to find the anatomical position of displaced bone fragments in fractures, or to position surgically created fragments in craniofacial surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In severe congenital malformations of the facial skeleton surgical creation of usually multiple bone segments is required with precise movement of these segments to produce a more normal face. (wikipedia.org)
  • An osteotomy is a surgical intervention that consists of cutting through bone and repositioning the resulting fragments in the correct anatomical place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, during this kind of operation, the surgical access to the bone segments is very limited by the presence of the soft tissues: muscles, fat tissue and skin - thus, the correct anatomical repositioning is very difficult to assess, or even impossible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The surgical planning is the preoperative method of pre-visualising a surgical intervention, in order to predefine the surgical steps and furthermore the bone segment navigation in the context of computer-assisted surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technique has the disadvantage of a further minimal surgical procedure of placing the bone implants, with some risk of infection for the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Closed reduction is the manipulation of the bone fragments without surgical exposure of the fragments. (wikipedia.org)
  • The casts are changed weekly after a clinician manipulates softened foot ligaments to gradually achieve near-normal muscle and bone alignment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of head wounds, surgical intervention was implemented for investigating and diagnosing the nature of the wound and the extent of the impact while bone splinters were removed preferably by scraping followed by post operation procedures and treatments for avoiding infection and aiding in the healing process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open reduction (using surgical incision) and internal fixation is used when pins, screws, or similar hardware is needed to fix the bone fragment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their neurotechnology offering includes products used for minimally invasive endovascular techniques, as well as a line of products for traditional brain and open skull base surgical procedures, orthobiologic and biosurgery products including synthetic bone grafts and vertebral augmentation products, as well as minimally invasive products for the treatment of acute ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ansen Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd. was established in 2003, as a professional manufacturer and exporter of orthopedic disposable products, we can provide fiberglass casting tape and splint in accordance with CE/FDA standards at reasonable price. (asiatradehub.com)
  • However, the series 8 plot strand which saw Connie strive to turn Holby City Hospital into a Cardiothoracic Centre of Excellence required a similar expansion of ward staff, and so three new Cardiothoracic surgical characters were created - Consultant Elliot Hope (Paul Bradley), and Registrars Sam Strachan and Joseph Byrne (Luke Roberts). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tom Chambers was approached about assuming the role of Sam by BBC casting director Julie Harkin, who was also responsible for casting fellow Holby City newcomers Rakie Ayola as Kyla Tyson and Luke Roberts as Joseph Byrne. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 24 October 2012, Daniel Kilkelly from Digital Spy confirmed actress Ty Glaser had joined the cast of Holby City as new regular doctor Gemma Wilde. (wikipedia.org)
  • After appearing briefly as Chrissie's one-night stand, Bob Barrett became a main cast member playing Locum General surgical registrar Sacha Levy at Holby City Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jordan first appeared in two episodes of Casualty in 1998, before becoming a main character in spin-off show Holby City from its 1999 conception, in the role of Cardiothoracic Surgical Registrar. (wikipedia.org)
  • He returned again to Holby City in 2006, taking on the role of General Surgical Consultant, departing a few months later in order to pursue a transfer back to cardiothoracics. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was conceived as a Cardiothoracic Surgical Registrar who would become a main character in new medical drama Holby City - a spin-off of the station's long-running Casualty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The original cast of Holby City featured a number of established actors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The eighth series of Casualty features a cast of characters working in the emergency department of Holby City Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • She has subsequently gone on to many other appearances on British television, including roles in Absolute Power, The Last Train, Dalziel and Pascoe, Holby City wherein she undertook the role of the raging ex of General Surgical Consultant Daniel Clifford (played by Peter Wingfield), Silent Witness, and McCallum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interviewed a year after his casting was announced, Pow commented on his time on Holby City so far: "I don't think I've ever enjoyed a job as much. (wikipedia.org)
  • Linden's arrival at Holby City Hospital in episode "Stolen" surprises staff with the announcement that the Acute Assessment Unit is to be transformed into a surgical admissions ward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to joining the cast of Holby City as Joseph, Luke Roberts made a guest appearance in the series seven episode "No Pain, No Gain" as Daniel Fryer, the son of a deceased patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a long-standing cast member, Quarshie has been granted leave to pursue other projects including directing an episode of Holby City. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ric arrived at Holby City Hospital in episode "Rogue Males" as a General Surgical Consultant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Penny was introduced alongside her younger brother, Oliver (James Anderson), as a Foundation House Officer 1 (F1) on surgical rotation at Holby City Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may also include a surgical solution, such as spinal fusion surgery that will help straighten the spine as will as stabilize it. (castsurgical.com)
  • Factors involved in cast formation include biliary infection, bile duct damage and ischaemia, fasting, haemolysis and abdominal surgery. (lww.com)
  • Endoscopic therapy may be successful at cast removal but surgery is often necessary. (lww.com)
  • Bile duct damage and ischaemia, biliary infection, fasting, parenteral nutrition, abdominal surgery and possibly other factors, are all thought to be implicated in cast pathogenesis via sludge development. (lww.com)
  • Keith Willett, M.B.B.S., F.R.C.S., of the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues randomly assigned 620 adults older than 60 years with acute, unstable ankle fracture to surgery (n = 309) or casting (n = 311). (medindia.net)
  • 52 of 275 (19 percent) who initially received casting later converted to surgery. (medindia.net)
  • At 6 months, casting resulted in measures of ankle function equivalent to that with surgery. (medindia.net)
  • Radiologic malunion (abnormal healing of a fracture) was more common in the casting group (15 percent vs 3 percent for surgery). (medindia.net)
  • Casting required less operating room time compared with surgery. (medindia.net)
  • However, many patients who were initially treated by casting subsequently required repeat casting or surgery. (medindia.net)
  • The present invention includes kits of various components used with the surgical guide and with the dental surgery using the surgical guide. (google.com.au)
  • The wrist is immobilised in a cast for six weeks after the surgery and then physiotherapy is started. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guy Henry was cast as new joint Director of Surgery and consultant general surgeon Henrik Hanssen, who arrived in the series' first episode. (wikipedia.org)
  • After surgery and the surgical stitches are removed you will be put into a cast to complete the healing process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The osteotomies performed in orthognathic surgery are classically planned on cast models of the tooth-bearing jaws, fixed in an articulator. (wikipedia.org)
  • The surgical planning is most important in neurosurgery and oral and maxillofacial surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In oral and maxillofacial surgery, a different, more "traditional" surgical planning can be used for orthognatic surgery, based on cast models fixed into an articulator. (wikipedia.org)
  • To help prepare for the role, Glaser visited Whipps Cross University Hospital with fellow cast member Rob Ostlere and they watched surgery being performed on a man with stomach cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method provided improved surgical guidance and was in fact the first development of computer guided surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental splints have been traditionally used for transferring and reproducing 3D reference landmarks for positioning cast models in articulators - in dental prosthetics, orthodontics and orthognatic surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1913, he was a professor of surgical anatomy and experimental surgery at the University of Bucharest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early in his career at the University of Iowa, Ponseti realized that surgical approaches did not fully correct clubfoot and/or created problems later in life, such as severe arthritis or even requiring more surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cases that are detected later, surgery and casting may be needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cosmetic surgery, also referred to as aesthetic surgery, is a surgical procedure which endeavours to improve the physical aspects of one's appearance to become more aesthetically pleasing. (wikipedia.org)
  • But with this heroic status and development of techniques came the taboo ideology cast upon cosmetic surgery as the trade filtered into the population, with civilians un-pleased with their aesthetic appearance undergoing surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia includes a number of surgical interventions that can help improve the quality of life of a patient with tetraplegia. (wikipedia.org)
  • World's smallest patient (Nissen fundoplication in a 5.7 pound infant) to undergo gastric reflux surgery using the da Vinci robotic surgical system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Rey has practiced with various surgical groups throughout Southern California, including the Plastic Surgery Institute of California. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tissue protector provides a load bearing surface for surgical tools and instruments to prevent blunt force and pressure trauma to the skin and soft tissues within the incision. (google.com)
  • An instrument support platform is slidably mounted to the track to support a surgical tool relative to the incision. (google.com)
  • retracting the tissue and the sheet of material at the incision to access the surgical site. (google.com)
  • a sheet of abrasion-resistant material defining an elongated opening for access to a tissue incision, said sheet having an adherent facing surface adapted to be applied to the surgical site surrounding the incision. (google.com)
  • 6 . The tissue protector of claim 5 , wherein said sheet further includes a bead defined around at least a portion of said opening, said bead arranged to support a surgical tool or instrument extending into the incision when the sheet is applied to the surgical site. (google.com)
  • Generally, the surgical procedure involves making an anterolateral incision, stripping the ligaments from both malleoli and the calcaneus so that the foot can be displaced posteriorly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under the right conditions such as adequate skin elasticity and minimal excess skin, the surgical incision for the brachioplasty can be placed under the arm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our latest innovation is the development of patient specific models using their own imaging to facilitate the consent process, preoperative planning and even practice prior to the actual surgical procedure which has never been attempted before. (rochester.edu)
  • The 10 patients who received body casts, who had a mean preoperative Cobb angle of 50.4 degrees, demonstrated an average correction of 59.0%, with only a few skin irritations reported. (nih.gov)
  • The usefulness of the preoperative planning, no matter how accurate, depends on the accuracy of the reproduction of the simulated osteotomy in the surgical field. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the laboratory also serve as a comprehensive resource for surgical learning and training medical students, residents and fellows in the latest minimally invasive surgical techniques and continuing medical education for practicing surgeons. (rochester.edu)
  • In March 2011, after attempting to move all Upper-GI surgical cases from Keller ward to St James' Hospital, undermining Ric in the process and causing Ric to form a mutiny with fellow members of staff, Hanssen offers to operate on Ric in a risky bid to remove his terminal cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main characters were all staff on the ward, with Nick Jordan working on the surgical firm of lead Consultant Anton Meyer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gasman (Played by Erich Redman): A creepy German anaesthetist who works in the surgical ward of the hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • Restell was immediately painted as the villain by the press in publications such as the New York Medical and Surgical Reporter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hospital contains over 650 beds and provides medical and surgical services to Calgary and Southern Alberta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Day rooms and night wards were converted into twenty-four medical and surgical wards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stryker segregates their reporting into three reportable business segments: Orthopedics, Medical and Surgical (MedSurg), and Neurotechnology and Spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The episode introduces main characters and surgical interns Meredith Grey, Cristina Yang, Izzie Stevens, Alex Karev and George O'Malley. (wikipedia.org)
  • This chronicles the first 48-hour shift for the new surgical interns. (wikipedia.org)
  • The series has aired for thirteen seasons, and focuses on the fictional lives of surgical interns and residents, as they gradually evolve into seasoned doctors, while trying to maintain personal lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The season follows the story of surgical interns, residents and their competent mentors, as they experience the difficulties of the competitive careers they have chosen. (wikipedia.org)
  • A casting article and method for forming an orthopedic cast around an animal body part. (google.com)
  • The blank includes a pliant, extensible layer of a foam member, an extensible fabric bonded to the foam member and a curable resin which, upon activation of the resin and closure of the lateral free edges of the blank around the body part, results in the orthopedic cast. (google.com)
  • Bracing or use of an orthopedic cast to enforce joint immobilization is rarely required and does not necessarily encourage a quicker resolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • How Can I Automate Surgical Supply Restocking Within a Hospital Operating Room? (rfidjournal.com)
  • Henrik returns to the hospital after deciding that he wants to "bring his surgical brilliance back to Holby. (wikipedia.org)
  • To help her prepare for the role of Gemma, Glaser visited Whipps Cross University Hospital where she shadowed a surgical team and worked with F1s. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1935, Stryker began tinkering in his workshop with medical devices, developing a rubber heel for walking casts as well as an innovative hospital bed that reduced the incidence of bedsores in bed-ridden patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was a famed surgeon and the founder of a large Bucharest emergency-care hospital, now named the "Prof. Dr. Dimitrie Gerota Military Hospital", as well as a museum of anatomical-surgical casts of his creation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Introduced as a surgical intern at the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital, O'Malley worked his way up to resident level, while his relationships with his colleagues Meredith Grey (Ellen Pompeo), Cristina Yang (Sandra Oh), Izzie Stevens (Katherine Heigl) and Alex Karev (Justin Chambers) formed a focal point of the series. (wikipedia.org)
  • She was introduced in the episode "Invasion" as a former surgical resident at Mercy West Hospital who joins the staff at Seattle Grace Mercy West after the two hospitals merge to compensate for the absence of some of the central cast members, and was created to be disliked by her colleagues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kepner is initially a surgical resident at Mercy West Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • She went on to work as a clinical coordinator at Norwalk Hospital Surgical Center. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1950s - AIF (Annual Improvement Factor), Pensions, Insurance Plan (Medical-Hospital-Surgical), Supplemental Unemployment Benefits (SUB). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is set in the surgical wing of the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital, located in Seattle, Washington. (wikipedia.org)
  • This hospital had two open wards for both men and women, four private rooms, and a surgical amphitheater. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is set in the surgical wing of the fictional Grey Sloan Memorial Hospital, located in Seattle, Washington. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this episode, the doctors of Seattle Grace Mercy West Hospital cope with the physical and emotional reverberations of the aviation accident that took place in the season eight finale, while several surgical residents are promoted. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is revealed that former resident Dr. Alex Karev (Justin Chambers) will be pursuing a pediatric surgical fellowship at Johns Hopkins Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hospital underwent expansion and upgrades, with two operating theatres added to the surgical suite, and vertical expansion of the Highwood Building. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elizabeth Corday begins her surgical internship all over again in order to keep her job at the hospital, and ends her relationship with fellow surgeon Peter Benton. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a surgical accident takes a man's life, Morgenstern decides to permanently step down as head of the ER and he leaves the hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1940 Dr. Soutter went to work at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) to assist on the surgical staff. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contemporary photographs show, however, that the hospital retained some of its pre-war character, and the wards are strewn with large potted plants and ornate furnishings, though little could disguise the hard deal tables, the flagstone floors and the high windows with their cast-iron glazing bars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heroes from the Attic: A History of the 48th Surgical Hospital/128 Evacuation Hospital 1941-1945. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr Laurence Flynn (Played by Reece Shearsmith): A very unfortunate young Surgical House Officer who's only just started his job at the hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • The season is the first in which Dr. Cristina Yang, portrayed by Sandra Oh, is not included in the main cast of characters following her departure in previous season's finale. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endoscopic management has been shown to be effective in a minority of cases and may act as a temporary measure in others but surgical removal of casts is usually necessary. (lww.com)
  • Meredith Grey, a surgical resident and the protagonist of the series, is portrayed by Ellen Pompeo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancient Romans used more than 150 different surgical instruments, including scalpels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conferences have been of great interest because of the convergences of hand surgeons interested in the field, promoting discussion and comparison of different surgical methods and experiences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Casts were applied in the operating room under general or spinal anesthesia by a trained surgeon. (medindia.net)
  • Current options for surgical management of spinal deformity in the growing child include definitive spinal fusion with or without instrumentation, selective fusion, growth modulation, spinal instrumentation without fusion, or more recently, dual growing rods and the use of the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib. (medscape.com)
  • To apply the concepts of veterinary laboratory techniques, surgical nursing, radiology, and anesthesia to a clinical setting. (nvcc.edu)
  • Additionally, restricting the unimpaired forelimb in animals with FL-SMC damage results in significantly greater behavioral dysfunction when examined 2 d after cast removal (compared to that after impaired-limb immobilization, or no limb immobilization). (jneurosci.org)
  • Immobilization usually is accomplished by casting. (medscape.com)
  • After the immobilization period has ended, the cast will be removed and further analysis of the injury will be required. (wikipedia.org)
  • The season was well received among television critics with several praising the writing and performances of the cast, especially lead Ellen Pompeo. (wikipedia.org)
  • When one-sleeved casts were used to prevent animals with an FL-SMC lesion from using their unimpaired forelimb during the period of expected overgrowth, lesion-induced dendritic enhancement was not present when examined 2 d after cast removal. (jneurosci.org)
  • This manipulation also interfered with performance on experience-dependent tests of postural-motor function also examined 2 d after cast removal ( Jones and Schallert, 1994 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • Management following the removal of the cast includes lifelong protection of the involved extremity. (medscape.com)
  • Stryker's oscillating saw has been the tool of choice for cast removal ever since. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ear infections and surgical removal of the adenoids can cause an entity known as Grisel's syndrome, a subluxation of the upper cervical joints, mostly the atlantoaxial joint, due to inflammatory laxity of the ligaments caused by an infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical removal of necrotic tissue may be necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surgical sagittal saw capable of actuating an assembly that includes a static bar and at least one drive rod and a blade head, both of which are pivotally mounted to the bar. (google.es)
  • 2. The surgical sagittal saw of claim 1 , wherein said body includes a handpiece in which said motor is disposed and said body head is separate from and attached to said handpiece. (google.es)
  • 3. The surgical sagittal saw of claim 2 , wherein said body head is fixedly secured to said handpiece. (google.es)
  • 6. The surgical sagittal saw of claim 1 , wherein said body is formed so that the head receiving surface is recessed relative to adjacent surfaces of said body head. (google.es)
  • In 1943 he created his most important invention, an oscillating electric saw "such that the cutter is actuated with a relatively short oscillating stroke of the order of one-eighth of an inch", that cuts and removes casts but would not cut skin. (wikipedia.org)