Castor Bean: Common name for Ricinus communis, a species in the family EUPHORBIACEAE. It is the source of CASTOR OIL.Castor Oil: Oil obtained from seeds of Ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer.Ricinus: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. The seed of Ricinus communis L. is the CASTOR BEAN which is the source of CASTOR OIL; RICIN; and other lectins.Ricinoleic Acids: Eighteen carbon fatty acids that comprise the great majority of CASTOR OIL, which is from the seed of RICINUS.Ricin: A protein phytotoxin from the seeds of Ricinus communis, the castor oil plant. It agglutinates cells, is proteolytic, and causes lethal inflammation and hemorrhage if taken internally.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Isocitrate Lyase: A key enzyme in the glyoxylate cycle. It catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate to succinate and glyoxylate. EC 4.1.3.1.2S Albumins, Plant: A major class of water-soluble seed storage proteins. Many proteins from this class are major PLANT ALLERGENS.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Genome, Chloroplast: The genetic complement of CHLOROPLASTS as represented in their DNA.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes: A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)Clinical Laboratory Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Abbreviations as Topic: Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Glycolysis: A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.Gluconeogenesis: Biosynthesis of GLUCOSE from nonhexose or non-carbohydrate precursors, such as LACTATE; PYRUVATE; ALANINE; and GLYCEROL.Decarboxylation: The removal of a carboxyl group, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, from a chemical compound.Sulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.Sulfur Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.3-Mercaptopropionic Acid: An inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase. It decreases the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID concentration in the brain, thereby causing convulsions.Sulfonium Compounds: Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.Viridiplantae: A monophyletic group of green plants that includes all land plants (EMBRYOPHYTA) and all green algae (CHLOROPHYTA and STREPTOPHYTA).Embryophyta: Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.Euphorbiaceae: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.Crotonates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.Citric Acid Cycle: A series of oxidative reactions in the breakdown of acetyl units derived from GLUCOSE; FATTY ACIDS; or AMINO ACIDS by means of tricarboxylic acid intermediates. The end products are CARBON DIOXIDE, water, and energy in the form of phosphate bonds.PyruvatesCitratesIndiaCellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Unedited FootageIxodes: The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Sarraceniaceae: A plant family of the order Nepenthales.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Caryophyllaceae: A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. The species are diverse in appearance and habitat; most have swollen leaf and stem joints.Salix: A plant genus of the family SALICACEAE. Members contain salicin, which yields SALICYLIC ACID.Carnivory: The consumption of animal flesh.Cytochrome b Group: Cytochromes (electron-transporting proteins) with protoheme (HEME B) as the prosthetic group.Cytochromes b5: Cytochromes of the b group that are found bound to cytoplasmic side of ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. They serve as electron carrier proteins for a variety of membrane-bound OXYGENASES. They are reduced by the enzyme CYTOCHROME-B(5) REDUCTASE.Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System: A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism.

Functional characterization and expression analysis of the amino acid permease RcAAP3 from castor bean. (1/96)

A polymerase chain reaction-based library screening procedure was used to isolate RcAAP3, an amino acid permease cDNA from castor bean (Ricinus communis). RcAAP3 is 1.7 kb in length, with an open reading frame that encodes a protein with a calculated molecular mass of 51 kD. Hydropathy analysis indicates that the RcAAP3 protein is highly hydrophobic in nature with nine to 11 putative transmembrane domains. RcAAP3-mediated uptake of citrulline in a yeast transport mutant showed saturable kinetics with a K(m) of 0.4 mM. Transport was higher at acidic pH and was inhibited by the protonophore carbonylcyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone, suggesting a proton-coupled transport mechanism. Citrulline uptake was strongly inhibited (72%) by the permeable sulfydryl reagent N-ethylmaleimide, but showed lower sensitivity (30% inhibition) to the nonpermeable reagent p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonic acid. Diethylpyrocarbonate, a histidine modifier, inhibited citrulline uptake by 80%. A range of amino acids inhibited citrulline uptake, suggesting that RcAAP3 may be a broad substrate permease that can transport neutral and basic amino acids with a lower affinity for acidic amino acids. Northern analysis indicated that RcAAP3 is widely expressed in source and sink tissues of castor bean, and that the pattern of expression is distinct from RcAAP1 and RcAAP2.  (+info)

Programmed cell death in castor bean endosperm is associated with the accumulation and release of a cysteine endopeptidase from ricinosomes. (2/96)

The cells of the endosperm of castor bean seeds (Ricinus communis) undergo programmed cell death during germination, after their oil and protein reserves have been mobilized. Nuclear DNA fragmentation first was observed at day 3 in the endosperm cells immediately adjacent to the cotyledons and progressed across to the outermost cell layers by day 5. We also detected the accumulation of small organelles known as ricinosomes, by using an antibody against a cysteine endoprotease. By the time the nuclear DNA was susceptible to heavy label by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling, the ricinosomes had released into the cytoplasm their content of cysteine endoprotease, which became activated because of the cleavage of its propeptide. The cysteine endoprotease is distinguished by a C-terminal KDEL sequence, although it is not retained in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and is a marker for ricinosomes. Homologous proteases are found in the senescing tissues of other plants, including the petals of the daylily. Ricinosomes were identified in this tissue by electron microscopy and immunocytochemistry. It seems that ricinosomes are not unique to Ricinus and play an important role in the degradation of plant cell contents during programmed cell death.  (+info)

Variation in the oxygen isotope ratio of phloem sap sucrose from castor bean. Evidence in support of the Peclet effect. (3/96)

Theory suggests that the level of enrichment of (18)O above source water in plant organic material (Delta) may provide an integrative indicator of control of water loss. However, there are still gaps in our understanding of the processes affecting Delta. One such gap is the observed discrepancy between modeled enrichment of water at the sites of evaporation within the leaf and measured enrichment of the leaf water as a whole (Delta(L)). Farquhar and Lloyd (1993) suggested that this may be caused by a Peclet effect. It is also unclear whether organic material formed in the leaf reflects enrichment of water at the sites of evaporation within the leaf or Delta(L). To investigate this question castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) leaves, still attached to the plant, were sealed into a controlled-environment gas exchange chamber and subjected to a step change in leaf-to-air vapor pressure difference. Sucrose was collected from a cut on the petiole of the leaf in the chamber under equilibrium conditions and every hour for 6 h after the change in leaf-to-air vapor pressure difference. Oxygen isotope composition of sucrose in the phloem sap (Delta(suc)) reflected modeled Delta(L). A model is presented describing Delta(suc) at isotopic steady state, and accounts for 96% of variation in measured Delta(suc). The data strongly support the Peclet effect theory.  (+info)

Engineering delta 9-16:0-acyl carrier protein (ACP) desaturase specificity based on combinatorial saturation mutagenesis and logical redesign of the castor delta 9-18:0-ACP desaturase. (4/96)

Six amino acid locations in the soluble castor Delta(9)-18:0-acyl carrier protein (ACP) desaturase were identified that can affect substrate specificity. Combinatorial saturation mutagenesis of these six amino acids, in conjunction with selection, using an unsaturated fatty acid auxotroph system, led to the isolation of variants with up to 15-fold increased specific activity toward 16-carbon substrates. The most improved mutant, com2, contained two substitutions (T117R/G188L) common to five of the 19 complementing variants subjected to further analysis. These changes, when engineered into otherwise wild-type 18:0-ACP desaturase to make mutant 5.2, produced a 35-fold increase in specific activity with respect to 16-carbon substrates. Kinetic analysis revealed changes in both k(cat) and K(m) that result in an 82-fold improvement in specificity factor for 16-carbon substrate compared with wild-type enzyme. Improved substrate orientation apparently compensated for loss of binding energy that results from the loss of desolvation energy for 16-carbon substrates. Mutant 5.2 had specific activity for 16-carbon substrates 2 orders of magnitude higher than those of known natural 16-carbon specific desaturases. These data support the hypothesis that it should be possible to reengineer archetypal enzymes to achieve substrate specificities characteristic of recently evolved enzymes while retaining the desired stability and/or turnover characteristics of a parental paralog.  (+info)

Lipolytic activity of ricin from Ricinus sanguineus and Ricinus communis on neutral lipids. (5/96)

The present study was carried out with a view of determining ricin lipolytic activity on neutral lipids in emulsion and in a membrane-like model. Using 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol tributyrate (BAL-TC(4)) as substrate, the lipolytic activity of ricin was found to be proportional to ricin and substrate concentrations, with an apparent K(m) (K(m,app)) of 2.4 mM, a k(cat) of 200 min(-1) and a specific activity of 1.0 unit/mg of protein. This work was extended to p-nitrophenyl (pNP) fatty acid esters containing two to twelve carbon atoms. Maximum lipolytic activity was registered on pNP decanoate (pNPC(10)), with a K(m,app) of 3.5 mM, a k(cat) of 173 min(-1) and a specific activity of 3.5 units/mg of protein. Ricin lipolytic activity is pH and galactose dependent, with a maximum at pH 7.0 in the presence of 0.2 M galactose. Using the monolayer technique with dicaprin as substrate, ricin showed a lipolytic activity proportional to the ricin concentration at 20 mN/m, which is dependent on the surface pressure of the lipid monolayer and is detectable up to 30 mN/m, a surface pressure that is of the same order of magnitude as that of natural cell membranes. The methods based on pNPC(10) and BAL-TC(4) hydrolysis are simple and reproducible; thus they can be used for routine studies of ricin lipolytic activity. Ricin from Ricinus communis and R. sanguineus were treated with diethyl p-nitrophenylphosphate, an irreversible serine esterase inhibitor, and their lipolytic activities on BAL-TC(4) and pNPC(10), and cytotoxic activity, were concurrently recorded. A reduction in lipolytic activity was accompanied by a decrease in cytotoxicity on Caco2 cells. These data support the idea that the lipolytic activity associated with ricin is relevant to a lipase whose activity is pH and galactose dependent, sensitive to diethyl p-nitrophenylphosphate, and that a lipolytic step may be involved in the process of cell poisoning by ricin. Both colorimetric tests used in this study are sensitive enough to be helpful in the detection of possible lipolytic activities associated with other cytotoxins or lectins.  (+info)

Graviresponsiveness and the development of columella tissue in primary and lateral roots of Ricinus communis. (6/96)

Half-tipped primary and lateral roots of Ricinus communis cv Hale bend toward the side of the root on which the intact half-tip remains. Therefore, the minimal graviresponsiveness of lateral roots is not due to the inability of their caps to produce growth effectors (presumably inhibitors). The columella tissues of primary (i.e. graviresponsive) roots are (a) 4.30 times longer, (b) 2.95 times wider, (c) 37.4 times more voluminous, and (d) composed of 17.2 times more cells than those of lateral roots. The onset of positive gravitropism by lateral roots is positively correlated with a (a) 2.99-fold increase in length, (b) 2.63-fold increase in width, (c) 20.7-fold increase in volume of their columella tissues. We propose that the minimal graviresponsiveness of lateral roots is due to the small size of their columella tissues, which results in their caps being unable to (a) establish a concentration gradient of the effector sufficient to induce gravicurvature and (b) produce as much as the effector as caps of graviresponsive roots.  (+info)

The breakdown of lipid reserves in the endosperm of germinating castor beans. (7/96)

1. Lipid extracts were obtained from castor-bean endosperm tissue at various times during germination and, after purification, the total lipid content was determined. Quantitative measurements of the triglyceride and phospholipid content together with the fatty acid composition were made. 2. The total lipid content of the endosperm rapidly decreased during germination; after 10 days less than 20% of the original weight of lipid remained. In contrast, the phospholipid content (initially less than 0.5% of the total lipid) increased slightly during this time. The fatty acid composition and the relative proportions of the triglyceride species of the total lipid extract remained constant during 10 days of germination. 3. Gibberellic acid (0.3 mM) markedly stimulated the rate of lipid breakdown but did not alter either the fatty acid composition or the relative proportion of triglyceride species. 4. The embryo had little effect on lipid metabolism in the endosperm tissue; only after 6 days of germination were differences observed in the rate of fat utilization in the presence and absence of the embryo.  (+info)

Isolation of lysophosphatidic acid phosphatase from developing peanut cotyledons. (8/96)

The soluble fraction of immature peanut (Arachis hypogaea) was capable of dephosphorylating [(3)H]lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to generate monoacylglycerol (MAG). The enzyme responsible for the generation of MAG, LPA phosphatase, has been identified in plants and purified by successive chromatography separations on octyl-Sepharose, Blue Sepharose, Superdex-75, and heparin-agarose to apparent homogeneity from developing peanuts. This enzyme was purified 5,048-fold to a final specific activity of 858 nmol min(-1) mg(-1). The enzyme has a native molecular mass of approximately 39 kD determined by gel filtration and migrates as a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with a subunit molecular mass of 39 +/- 1.5 kD. The K(m) values for oleoyl-, stearoyl-, and palmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate were determined to be 28.6, 39.3, and 47.9 microM, respectively. The LPA phosphatase was specific to LPA and did not utilize any other substrate such as glycerol-3-phosphate, phosphatidic acid, or p-nitrophenylphosphate. The enzyme activity was stimulated by the low concentrations of detergents such as Triton X-100 and octylglucoside. Cations had no effect on the enzyme activity. Fatty acids, sphingosine, and sphingomyelin at low concentrations stimulated the enzyme activity. The identification of LPA phosphatase in plants demonstrates the existence of MAG biosynthetic machinery in plants.  (+info)

People ingest castor oil to relieve constipation, to induce labor, and for other naturopathic purposes, but you should never eat whole raw castor beans [source: Times of India].. Castor bean plants are beautiful. They have vibrant, red leaves and they produce red and yellow flowers. Theyre also extremely toxic to both people and animals. Like red kidney beans, castor beans contain high concentrations of a particularly harmful lectin. The lectin in castor beans is called ricin.. Yep, the ricin in castor beans is the same poison that Jesse helped Walter White cook up in Breaking Bad. Its actually very easy to distill ricin from castor beans, and a terrorist tried to poison President Obama and U.S. Senator Roger Wicker with envelopes of the stuff in 2013 [source: Nosowitz].. Even cooking castor beans isnt enough to destroy ricin. In fact, you make the poison using the mash leftover from processing castor beans for their oil [source: CDC]. Castor oil is the only castor bean product thats safe ...
Find Castor Bean Seeds manufacturers, suppliers, wholesalers, dealers, distributors in Karnataka India - Castor Bean Seeds verified companies listings from Karnataka with catalogs,phone numbers, addresses, best deals and more
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Find essential growing information on castor beans, including: flower and foliage colors, height and width, seasonal features and special features. Check out more information about the castor bean varieties and explore tips on planting castor beans.
Business Directory for Castor Seed Suppliers in Coimbatore - Get contact details of Castor Seed Manufacturers, Wholesale Castor Seed Exporters, Best Castor Seed Traders & Distributors Across the Coimbatore.
Mellor, R. B., Roberts, Lynne M. and Lord, J.M. (1980) N-Acetylglucosamine Transfer Reactions and Glycoprotein Biosynthesis in Castor Bean Endosperm. Journal of Experimental Botany, 31(4), pp. 993-1003. ISSN (print) 0022-0957 ...
Ricinus communis (castor bean) Agglutinin (RCA120)-biotin conjugate Secondary Antibodies RCA15-BTN Ricinus communis (castor bean) Agglutinin (RCA120)-biotin conjugate Secondary Antibodies RCA15-BTN
Castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) Stock Footage. csp37107312 - Castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus). Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $2.50, with thousands of images added daily. Subscriptions available for just $39.00. Our stock photo image search engine contains royalty free photos, vector clip art images, clipart illustrations.
Native to Africa, but now commonly grown in gardens as a decorative foliage plant, castor beans sport large leaves on stalks. Castor bean flowers are typically green, but newer varieties of the plant ...
ENTRY T20067 Est Genome DEFINITION Ricinus communis (castor bean) (EST) ANNOTATION KAAS TAXONOMY TAX:3988 LINEAGE Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; core eudicotyledons; rosids; eurosids I; Malpighiales; Euphorbiaceae; Acalyphoideae; Acalypheae; Ricinus DATA_SOURCE dbEST ...
Castor seeds Spot prices -September 07 Castor seed arrivals, in 75-kilogram bag: 0,35,000-0,36,000 versus 0,02,000-0,03,000 previous. * Castor seed ready, auction price, in rupees per 20 kilograms: 0,835-0,900 versus 0,830-0,895 previous
Castor seeds Spot prices -December 21 Castor seed arrivals, in 75-kilogram bag: 0,19,000-0,20,000 versus 0,15,000-0,16,000 previous. * Castor seed ready, auction price, in rupees per 20 kilograms: 0,810-0,870 versus 0,820-0,875 previous
The castor bean plant (Ricinus communis) is grown for its production of castor oil, animal feed and as an ornamental garden specimen. The plant is highly toxic and contains a chemical known as the protein ricin and the alkaloid ricinine. When the plant and beans are boiled, the toxins are removed. The seeds are then ...
Citation: Lin, J.T., Chen, G.Q. 2013. Identification of TAG and DAG and their FA constituents in Lesquerella (Physaria fendleri) oil by HPLC and MS. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society. 90:1819-1829. Interpretive Summary: Ricinoleate, a hydroxy fatty acid, in castor oil has many industrial uses such as the manufacture of biodegradable plastics, plasticizers, lubricants, cosmetics, paints and surfactants. Castor is the only commercial source of ricinoleate. However castor bean contains toxin, ricin, as well as potent allergens, it is hazardous to grow, harvest and process castor. It is desirable to produce ricinoleate in an oilseed of a transgenic plant lacking these toxic components. Lesquerella fendleri contains no such toxic components. Its oil contains ricinoleate and thus the plant can be developed to produce high level of ricinoleate for industrial uses. Lesquerolate, a C20 homolog of ricinoleate, is the major fatty acid in lesquerella oil. Lesquerolate can also be used for ...
Sucrose Synthesis from Acetate in the Germinating Castor Bean: Kinetics and Pathway (Canvin, D. Beevers. Photograph thanks to Purdue University Libraries, Karnes Archives and Particular Collections. In 1942, Beevers entered the accelerated wartime university plan Bosutinib cell signaling and received a B.Sc. in botany from Kings University in Newcastle upon Tyne (then component of Durham University). He remained at Kings University for Bosutinib cell signaling graduate college, learning CO2 fixation with Meirion Thomas, which led him to a lifelong curiosity in plant metabolic process. After getting his doctoral level, Beevers transferred to Oxford University. He became first associate, and afterwards chief research associate, in plant physiology in the medicinal plant analysis laboratory of W. O. James, an authority on plant respiration. Beevers analysis in Oxford devoted to the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids. He also investigated the uptake of fragile acids and fragile bases by plant ...
The castor beans are the most effective repellent to moles. You might plant them for their beauty or just to keep the moles out of your yard. Common
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Castor is a non-edible oilseed crop, primarily grown for oil containing an unusual hydroxy fatty acid and ricinoleic acid (80-90%) of the total fatty acids. Commercial exploitation of heterosis in castor was successful in India due to the development of stable pistillate lines from a dominant and epistatic
Castor bean biochemistry has long been thoroughly analysed in the context of lipids as they are industrially potent metabolites but profiling of other bio-molecules and their control over co-ordinated metabolism are not comprehensive.. Biochemists have made research on castor bean derived enzyme,phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase(PEPC) which is an ubiquitous enzyme,implicated to carbon metabolism.The level and functional activity of this enzyme is variable in castor seed and subjected to different molecular mechanisms for a regulation in functional activity during the course of seed development .Recently, people have identified a modification called mono-ubiquitination in PEPC but its relevance to enzymes activity is not well understood and hence to identify its significance, biochemists have purified the enzyme and subjected for in vitro activity,inhibitor sensitivity and other physiochemical parameters.The results indicated a striking difference in enzyme behaviour between modified and ...
Producing unusual fatty acids (FAs) in crop plants has been a long-standing goal of green chemistry. However, expression of the enzymes that catalyze the primary synthesis of these unusual FAs in transgenic plants typically results in low levels of the desired FA. For example, seed-specific expression of castor (Ricinus communis) fatty acid hydroxylase (RcFAH) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) resulted in only 17% hydroxy fatty acids (HFAs) in the seed oil. In order to increase HFA levels, we investigated castor phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT). We cloned cDNAs encoding three putative PDAT enzymes from a castor seed cDNA library and coexpressed them with RcFAH12. One isoform, RcPDAT1A, increased HFA levels to 27%. Analysis of HFA-triacylglycerol molecular species and regiochemistry, along with analysis of the HFA content of phosphatidylcholine, indicates that RcPDAT1A functions as a PDAT in vivo. Expression of RcFAH12 alone leads to a significant decrease in FA content of ...
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
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Many a granny came armed with a spoonful of castor oil to heal all ills, and studies show that it does indeed have health benefits to offer. Just be sure not to eat the beans from which the oil came. If castor beans are chewed and swallowed, they can release ricin, one of the most toxic poisons known to man. Eating just one or two castor beans can easily cause the demise of the eater. Ricin has been investigated as a warfare agent, and has even been employed by secret agents and assassins. ...
Research Abstract: Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) seeds serve as raw material for the production of nonedible oil used in medicine and industry, whereas the presence of allergenic and toxic proteins in the residue left after oil extraction precludes the use of this protein-rich by-product in animal feeding. To better understand the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis and degradation of fatty acids and to identify proteins with toxic/anti-nutritional properties, extracts of developing and germinating seeds were prepared and prefractionated according to solubility properties of the proteins. An enriched plastid organelle fraction embracing mostly plastids and mitochondria was also prepared. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) reference maps of these fractions were obtained from which nearly 400 proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight-time of flight (MALDI-TOF-TOF) mass spectrometry after a search in a National Center for Biotechnology ...
2.3. Scoring of MSAP bands and data analysis According to different sensitivities to methylation of restriction enzyme HpaII and MspI to the CCGG sequence, the methylation states could be classified into following four basic types based on previous reports (Portis et al., 2004): Type Ⅰ pattern represents the non-methylation sites (E-H/E-M, 1/1), Type Ⅱ pattern represents the hemi-methylation sites (E-H/E-M, 1/0), Type Ⅲ pattern represents full-methylation sites (E-H/E-M, 0/1), and Type Ⅳ pattern represents the uninformative sites (E-H/E-M, 0/0).. For each primer, the well-resolved bands were scored as absence (0) and presence (1) with same molecular weight to form a binary matrix. Epigenetic diversity parameters, including the percentage of polymorphic loci (PPB), the expected heterozygosity (He), Shannons Information Index (I), the effective number of alleles per locus (Ne) were estimated and analyzed by using the GenAlEx version 6.501 software (Rod and Petere, 2006). Based on the ...
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In Israel, Evogene announced the signing of a collaboration agreement between its wholly-owned subsidiary Evofuel Ltd. and Insolo Agroindustrial S.A., for the selection and optimization of Evofuels proprietary castor bean varieties in Insolo farms located in Piaui state in northeast Brazil. The two-year collaboration between the two companies will examine the suitability and adaptability of […]. Read More. ...
Arabidopsis stearoyl ACP desaturase: a fatty acid desaturase modulates the activation of defense signaling pathways in plants; amino acid sequence in first source
In some groups (e.g. grains of the family Poaceae) the endosperm persists to the mature seed stage as a storage tissue, in which case the seeds are called "albuminous" or "endospermous", and in others it is absorbed during embryo development (e.g., most members of the family Fabaceae, including the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris), in which case the seeds are called "exalbuminous" or "cotyledonous" and the function of storage tissue is performed by enlarged cotyledons ("seed leaves"). In certain species (e.g. corn, Zea mays); the storage function is distributed between both endosperm and the embryo. Some mature endosperm tissue stores fats (e.g. castor bean, Ricinus communis) and others (including grains, such as wheat and corn) store mainly starches. The dust-like seeds of orchids have no endosperm. Orchid seedlings are mycoheterotrophic in their early development. In some other species, such as coffee, the endosperm also does not develop.[10] Instead, the nucellus produces a nutritive tissue ...
Below are some castor bean seeds. Not sure what type, I just know they will be tall! I got these in a trade also. These seeds are kinda creepy looking… Like a big fat tick that just got done gorging itself. The plants (and seeds) are very poisonous, maybe its a good thing they look kinda like big ticks! Watch out all you nasty squirrels, dont be digging around the wrong plants! ...
R icin toxin, an extremely potent toxin produced from the bean of the ubiquitous Ricinus communis (castor bean plant), has been categorized by the US Center...
Chemical agents differ from biological agents in a number of significant ways. To begin with, the onset of symptoms may occur instantly or within a few hours of exposure, whereas biological agents can take up to weeks to present. Chemical agents are synthesized through some type of industrial process, whereas biological agents are either self-replicating microbes or compounds formed by these microbes such as botulinum toxin (produced by Clostridia; see Chapter 17) or ricin, a natural metabolic product of the castor bean plant, Ricinus communis. Chemical agents act by disrupting normal metabolic function at varying sites throughout the body according to the type of agent used and are categorized into roughly eleven categories (Table 21-1). From a weapons standpoint, not all chemical agents pose a threat as a likely choice for terrorism or as a WMD. In large part this is because of logistical or technical considerations-some require too much volume for easy concealment, others pose difficulties of ...
Background: The potential biodiesel plant castor bean (Ricinus communis) has been in the limelight for bioenergy research due to the availability of its genome which raises the bar for genome-wide studies claiming advances that impact the "genome-phenome challenge". Here we report the application of phytohormone ABA as an exogenous factor for the improvement of storage reserve accumulation with a focus on the complex interaction of pathways associated with seed filling ...
SUSSEL, A.A.B.; POZZA, E.A.; CASTRO, H.A. and LASMAR, E.B.C. Gray mold incidence and severity under different temperature, wetness period and conidial concentration. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.1, pp.30-34. ISSN 0100-5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052011000100005.. The effect of temperature (15, 20, 25 and 28 ºC), wetness period (0, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours) and conidia concentration (0, 1x102, 1x103, 1x104, 1x105 and 1x106 conidia/mL-1) on the incidence and severity of gray mold caused by Amphobotrys ricini in castor bean (Ricinus communis) bunches were evaluated. The conidia concentration effect was evaluated fixing the temperature at 25ºC and the wetness duration at 48 hour. The temperature and wetness duration were evaluated fixing the conidial concentration at 1x105 conidia mL-1. The plants were evaluated as to the incidence of fruit wiht symptons and severity in each bunch. The area under incidence progress curve (AUIPC) and under severity progress curve ...
The tall castor beans have amazed my little friend who lives on the property behind me. I will have to put some in his yard he tells me.Last year he and his siblings picked every blossom from some hollyhocks I had back there to use in their make believe plays. I asked him where they were and he said they had blown over into their yard, eyes rolling into the back of his head. I asked him to always ask, and we are still friends. Hard to get too upset over children having fun. I aways liked to sit under the huge leaves of these castors and make believe I was in a jungle when I was his age ...
An oilseed press is a machine that lies at the center of vegetable oil extraction. This is due to the fact that this technology is designed to release oil from oilseeds. Multiple oilseed press layouts have been developed over time to complete this process, with each having its own distinct set of advantages and disadvantages. Moreover, the products that are created by oilseed presses, namely oil and oilseed meal, possess great nutritive benefits for humans and livestock respectively. The oilseed press, being at the center of the oil-extraction process, is joined with various other pieces of equipment and procedures that form a pre- and post-extraction system. Breaking it down to its simplest formulation, the process that oilseed presses carry out appears is quite simple. Oilseed presses essentially extrude or press vegetable oil from oil-bearing seeds, which include soybean, sunflower, peanut, safflower, canola, sesame, niger, castor bean, linseed, mustard, coconut, olive, and oil palm. The ...
How the bloodsuckers overcome the variety of substrates and manage to cling on to various surfaces is shown by a current study by Dr. Dagmar Voigt and Professor Dr. Stanislav Gorb. The results of their experiments with the castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) have been recently published in the Journal of Experimental Biology.
The perfect poison: Ricin used in 3 recent cases - JACKSON Miss. (AP) - The key ingredient - castor beans - is easy to find. Crude instructions for extracting the lethal poison in them can be found on the Internet. And it doesnt require a chemi...
Most plants contain lectins, some of which are toxic, inflammatory, or both. Many of these plant and dairy lectin are resistant to cooking and digestive enzymes. Grain lectins, for example, are quite resistant to human digestion but well suited for ruminants like cattle who have multi-chambered stomachs. Therefore, lectins are present in our food and are often resistant to our digestion and some have been scientifically shown to have significant GI toxicity in humans. Others have been shown to be beneficial and maybe even cancer protecting. Either way plant and animal proteins are foreign proteins to the body and are dealt with by digestion and our immune system in a positive or negative manner. The human digestive system was created to handle a variety of plant and animal proteins through the process of digestion and elimination. Some plant and animal proteins or lectins are severely toxic to humans and can not be eaten without causing death like those in Castor beans and some mushrooms. Other ...
Toxins produced by plants and bacteria pose a significant threat to humans, as emphasized by the recent effects of cucumber-borne Shiga toxin in Germany. Now, new research published on July 21st by the Cell Press journal Developmental Cell provides a clearer view of the combination of similar and divergent strategies that different toxins use to invade a human host cell.. Ricin is a highly toxic protein derived from the castor bean plant that has raised concerns as a potentially lethal biological weapon. Pseudomonas Exotoxin A (PE) is a sometimes deadly protein produced by a common bacterium that can infect the lungs and urinary tract. "Although from very different origins, both PE and ricin share several points in common," says senior study author, Dr. Fr©d©ric Bard from the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology in Singapore. "Like many other toxins, they have evolved mechanisms for hijacking intracellular membrane transport processes." Previous research has identified some of the proteins ...
What that boils down to is if you have castor beans, you better not suggest youre going to do anything with them," Tolley said after the verdict. Dan Summer, Crumps attorney, said he respected the jurys decision. "They did what they thought was the right thing to do," he said. "All I can ask for is a fair trial and I believe the court gave us a fair trial." McKinnon said after the verdict that he didnt immediately have a comment. Adams and Crump were among four men arrested in November 2011 after recordings were made by an undercover informant who attended their meetings at homes, during car rides and at a Waffle House restaurant. The other two men, Dan Roberts and Frederick Thomas, pleaded guilty in April 2012 to conspiring to get an unregistered explosive and an illegal gun silencer. Story sentenced them each to serve five years in prison. The law enforcement informant, Joe Sims, was a key witness for the prosecution. Sims had contacted the FBI in mid-2010 when he was in jail facing child ...
Some history: Toxicology as a formally recognized scientific discipline is relatively new (mid 1900s) although the science itself is thousands of years old. Consider the potential results of early trial and error experiences of hunter-gatherers for whom identifying a toxic plant or animal was a life or death situation. Some of the most poisonous substances known today are naturally produced chemicals including Ricin from castor beans or tetrodotoxin from the puffer fish. Early humans careful observation of plants or animals with toxic characteristics such as frogs containing curare, were put to use not only for avoidance of toxic substances but for weapons as well. Additionally, many naturally derived poisons were likely used for hunting, medicinals (the Egyptians were aware of many toxic substances such as lead, opium and hemlock as early as 1500 BCE), and eventually for the political poisonings practiced, for example, by the early Greeks and Romans. As humans sought to better understand ...
Some history: Toxicology as a formally recognized scientific discipline is relatively new (mid 1900s) although the science itself is thousands of years old. Consider the potential results of early trial and error experiences of hunter-gatherers for whom identifying a toxic plant or animal was a life or death situation. Some of the most poisonous substances known today are naturally produced chemicals including Ricin from castor beans or tetrodotoxin from the puffer fish. Early humans careful observation of plants or animals with toxic characteristics such as frogs containing curare, were put to use not only for avoidance of toxic substances but for weapons as well. Additionally, many naturally derived poisons were likely used for hunting, medicinals (the Egyptians were aware of many toxic substances such as lead, opium and hemlock as early as 1500 BCE), and eventually for the political poisonings practiced, for example, by the early Greeks and Romans. As humans sought to better understand ...
Since the first plant genome sequence was obtained for the plant Arabidopsis in 2000, scientists have gene-sequenced everything from cannabis to castor bean.
Canadian General-Towers (CGT) new Vehreo coverstock uses recycled post consumer waste and biological-based feedstocks as key ingredients in a material composition with an overall sustainable content that exceeds 40%.. "Vehreos composition is a vinyl-coated fabric with bio-based and recycled content. The backing fabric is made with 100% recycled yarn, and the PVC film has a minimum 20% bio-based and recycled content," Margaret Soares, Product Development Specialist for CGT Ltd., told SAE Magazines.. CGTs commercially available coverstock uses Unifi Inc.s Repreve-branded fabric as the supporting textile for the flexible skin. The Repreve fabric is 100% PET (polyethylene terephthalate) hybrid polyester. A bio-based formulation that includes soybean oil and castor bean oil serves as the flexible skin.. During the proprietary production process, approximately 1.5% of the edge trims skin is recycled and accounts for approximately 4% of the coverstocks content by weight.. "The formulation in the ...
The biggest champion of bio fuel is the Brazilian government, which sees bio fuels reliance on domestically grown crops as a vehicle for bringing rural segments of the population out of crippling poverty. In Brazils north-eastern Sert?o, bio fuels increased demand for castor beans, a staple of the local economy, is expected to create thousands of jobs. The national government has also stepped up its efforts in the region by providing tax breaks to families that cultivate the raw materials used in bio fuel.. In a collaborative effort, the Brazilian automobile industry has produced a new fleet of flex-fuel cars, which run on both ethanol and gasoline. According to the most recent data, these hybrid vehicles account for 70% of car sales in Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, low income consumers who can?t afford their own flex fuel cars, can get a piece of the action by riding in this citys public buses, many of which are being converted to run on bio fuel. From an environmental standpoint, ethanol is ...
Castor bean tickThe city of Yekaterinburg has purchased at least 45,000 doses of the vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis to be given to preferential categories of citizens, including seniors and school children.
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Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3- ...
The hedgehog bean sprouter has been brought out and dusted off to sprout four of the Peter Beans. From head to tail; Peter Bean Two, Peter Bean Five, Peter Bean Three, and Peter Bean Six. The other two types of Peter Beans were planted directly in the ground. Peter Bean Four was planted a couple…
Freeport, ME (PRWEB) March 29, 2017 -- Today https://www.llbean.com/ [L.L.Bean __title__ L.L.Bean home page], the internationally recognized outdoor retailer,
Can't seem to get the dam site to post here properly but here are most beans we eat or shouldn't Lol Beans, black, canned, drained (Bush's Best).....
Come on this has to be a good one. Enjoy! Sploshing: This one is mostly for the ladies, apparently. I guess being naked and rolling around in kiddie pools full of baked beans is a major turn...
Castor oil primarily comes in two forms: refined and unrefined. Refined castor oil is cheaper and usually tasteless and odorless. Its produced from copra (dried castor) and undergoes various refining processes, such as deodorizing and bleaching. Its also known as RBD castor Oil. Currently, the types of RBD castor Oil you can find in the market include expeller-pressed castor oil, hydrogenated castor oil, liquid castor oil, or simply castor oil. Unrefined castor oil, on the other hand, is tastier and it usually possesses a beautiful aroma of fresh castors. Unrefined castor oil is also known as "virgin" or "pure" castor oil. Unlike RBD castor oil, this oil is extracted from fresh castors, and its neither bleached nor refined. The methods of production include wet-milling or quick-drying. Since these processes dont require any bleaching or additives, the oil retains its flavor and aroma. However, the quality still depends on the processing techniques and freshness of the castor used. Now, the ...
Step 3 - Castor Oil Massage: Things you need for castor oil massage: Castor oil bottle (I prefer cold pressed oil) Cotton or Wool flannel; Hot Heating Pad (I prefer non-electric) Benefits of Castor Oil: Castor Oil Massage has lots of benefits. There are multiple uses for castor oil, though none of them are supported by evidence presented in clinical trials. There are some natural topical treatments to consider like castor oil, or DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide), which can be massaged into the lipoma area. Plus, castor oil is inexpensive and can be used on the face and body. It hasnt shrunk yet and I have been giving it to her for about a week. Lipogranuloma is very rare in maxillofacial region. Just mix castor oil with a little coconut oil (in proportion 1:1) and apply to the affected area of your skin, leave it on for 20-30 minutes, then rinse off and pat dry. (one time castor oil. Castor oil - Although there is no scientific study to back up the health benefits of castor oil on tumors, many dog ...
Five oil sources were selected for the TEA: camelina, pennycress, jatropha, castor bean, and yellow grease. The five sources were selected for the following reasons: non-food feedstocks (pennycress and castor bean), promising for the US agro-climatic conditions (camelina, pennycress, and castor bean), low cost and readily available (yellow grease), receiving global attention (jatropha), and high yield among terrestrial plants (jatropha and castor bean). Additionally, some of these sources were less studied as potential jet fuel feedstock (e.g., pennycress and castor bean), thus we saw an opportunity for this study to improve the knowledge base for these feedstocks. Moreover, alternative jet fuel (AJF) produced from camelina oil, jatropha oil, and yellow grease has been tested in aircrafts, which indicated market interest in these sources [24]. Algae was also considered a promising biofuel feedstock but it was not included in our analysis because there have been many other studies on algae ...
Castor oil is the best hair growth oil, at least in my experience. The other oils excellent for hair growth include coconut oil, black seed oil and moringa oil. Castor oil is rich in nutrients such as minerals, protein, ricinoleic acid, omega 6 & omega 9 fatty acids and others. Castor oil also contains Vitamin E! These nutrients nourish the hair follicles and foster growth of new hairs.. Jamaican black castor oil is a special type of castor oil got by roasting the castor beans for longer. It produces a darker type of castor oil that is more beneficial for hair growth. If you can buy Jamaican black castor oil, then its even better!. Vitamin E oil is known as the beauty vitamin and with good reason! It is a powerful antioxidant that fights off free radicals that cause premature aging such as fine lines, wrinkles and also gray hairs! Vitamin E oil is also moisturizing and fights scalp infections, all of which promote a healthy scalp for thick strong long hair.. ...
Whether you need a liver detox or you are suffering from kidney stones, a popular natural method of healing is through castor oil packs. These oils are derived from castor beans and have been used for centuries for internal and topical use for health benefits. While it is infamous as a laxative, castor oil is a unique vegetable oil with so many health benefits that it should be a staple of every home.. Castor oil packs are most commonly used topically to increase circulation, promoting the healing and elimination of damaged tissues. Castor oil packs are also used for pain relief, inflammation reduction, and improve digestion. Some other health conditions that castor oil packs address are appendicitis, arthritis, constipation, congestion, inflammation, epilepsy, neuritis, liver, kidney and pelvic disorders, toxemia, and scleroderma. A study done in 2009 found that castor oil is especially effective in relieving arthritis symptoms.. Castor Oil and Kidney Stones. Kidney stones are made of calcium, ...
In September 1972, I was introduced to the Edgar Cayce readings, undoubtedly the most studied material channeled by an exceptionally talented intuitive. The concept that most intrigued me initially was Cayces recommendation of castor oil packs for a wide variety of problems. Dr. William McGarey of the A.R.E. Clinic in Phoenix has written extensively on clinical results. These include: Five drops of castor oil orally each morning to control allergies. Puncture wounds, cuts and bruises heal rapidly when rubbed with castor oil. Prevention of pregnancy stretch marks when abdomen is rubbed with castor oil during the last two months of pregnancy. Rapid healing of a sprained ankle wrapped overnight in castor oil. Marked reduction in tinnitus and hearing loss by applying castor oil drops in the ears. Rapid healing of hepatitis using daily castor oil packs. Clearing of cataracts with one drop of castor oil in each eye at bedtime. Healing of a pilonidal cyst after castor oil packs. Clearing of brown skin ...
Read "Cloning and characterization of the calreticulin gene from Ricinus communis L., Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Premier quality castor oil; used with castor oil packs. Castor oil is an ancient oil and has been used for thousands of years by many cultures, especially for skin health and cleansing. This castor oil is sourced from India, considered to be the finest source of castor oil in the world. Castor Oil can be used on organic cotton flannel to make castor oil packs for excellent cleansing results.
Muscles and Joints: Apply a small amount onto the area of the sore and stiff muscle or joint, massage gently to relieve the pain and swelling.. Customers Experiences:. Ive tried the Baar Castor Oil for my eczema and it has been a God send. Great Product! - K.J.S., Atlanta, GA. I love the Palma Christos®, Roll-On Organic Castor Oil and am very grateful there is a company like Baar that sells such an exceptional product. I use it constantly. Thank you! - C.C., CO. "I really love the Roll-On Castor Oil. It is very convenient." - B.W., Reading, PA. "The roll-on Castor Oil is great for so many things. In fact, a number of years ago, I had poison ivy... again. Only this time I tried Castor Oil. It worked better than any calamine lotion, and took my itch level down to 1, from a 9! Then it cleared up much more rapidly, too. I always share my story with people who have it, and recommend your site, for excellent Castor Oil... I love the Castor Oil roll-on and just ordering more! Never stop making ...
ACME SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS is a leading exporter,manufacturer,trader,supplier of castor oil, refined castor oil, pure refined castor oil, castor oil derivatives, castor oil compounds, perfume ingredients, chromatographic adsorbents from India.
NOTE: Large quantities/sizes of any product may have to be special ordered. If thats the case, please allow a minimum of 6 business days for a new supply to arrive at our warehouse. Cancellations are not allowed because an items not in stock. What do we consider large quantities/sizes of our products? Some examples are products classified as bulk, essential and fragrance oils sold in 5+ lbs. and certain quantities of packaging materials.. Sold by weight. Ricinus communis L. This oil, derived from the castor bean and obtained by cold pressure, is rich in fatty acids and very moisturizing and lubricating to the skin in general. It acts as a humectant, attracting moisture to the skin. Castor oil packs applied with warm flannel are believed effective for pain relief and to �draw out� cysts, boils and warts.. Ayurvedic medicine has long used castor oil for lumbago, sciatica and rheumatism. In the Canary Islands the oil is used to prevent sore nipples in nursing mothers and is also rubbed onto ...
Define castor oil. castor oil synonyms, castor oil pronunciation, castor oil translation, English dictionary definition of castor oil. n. A colorless or pale yellowish oil extracted from the seeds of the castor-oil plant, used pharmaceutically as a laxative and skin softener and...
This report studies Castor Oil in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2011 to 2015, and forecast to 2021.Buy Home Health Castor Oil from Whole Foods Market online and have it delivered to your door in 1 hour.. The Global Castor Oil Consumption 2016 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Castor Oil market.Global Hydrogenated Castor Oil Industry 2016 Market Growth, Size, Share, Analysis, Regional Outlook, Demand, Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies and Forecast.Figure India 2016-2021 Castor Oil Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast.FinancialContent is the trusted provider of stock market information to the media industry.This license allows for use of a publication by all users within one corporate location, e.g. a regional office ...
Nod factor perception triggers perinuclear Ca2+ oscillations in legume root epidermal cells (Ehrhardt et al., 1996). CASTOR and POLLUX are required for Nod factor-induced Ca2+ spiking (Miwa et al., 2006). In this work, we provided evidence that CASTOR and POLLUX are ion channels. Furthermore, we showed that the endogenous CASTOR protein is localized in the nuclear envelope. These results provide important clues about the function of CASTOR and POLLUX in the Ca2+-spiking machinery.. Our electrophysiological measurements on individual CASTOR channels reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers demonstrated that CASTOR has ion channel activity. This is important confirmation of the previous functional prediction, which was solely based on sequence analysis. With a selectivity ratio of ∼6:1 for PK/PCl, CASTOR displays a relatively weak preference for cations over anions. In competition assays confronting K+ with Na+ or K+ with Ca2+, permeability ratios of K+ over Na+ and Ca2+ were only 2 and 1.4, ...
Before using castor oil internally or topically, perform a skin test using a very small amount of oil to check for possible allergic reactions.. Only administer castor oil according to the instructions on the package and watch out for the correct dose.. When ingested, the oil produces a strong laxative effect. Their overdose can easily result in severe dehydration which in extreme cases can be fatal. Other possible side effects of an overdose include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, dizziness, hallucinations (rare), fainting, nausea, rash, tightness in the throat, shortness of breath, and chest pain.. Individuals with peptic ulcers or bleeding problems should not use castor oil internally. Because of its potential laxative effect, castor oil has been widely used to induce labor, but doctors warn that taking castor oil may increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth. The laxative effect of the oil causes severe contractions of the pelvic muscle to aid disposal and it probably triggers uterine ...
Castor oil benefits has been used to treat various kind of health issues that happen to human beings.The natural name of the Castor Oil or pure caster oil.The castor oil hair mask is applicable by mixing it with other base oil for hair that enhance to beautiful hair.You can use castor oil for skin whitening.
A double-blind study, described by Harvey Grady in a report entitled Immunomodulation through Castor Oil Packs published in a recent issue of the Journal of Naturopathic Medicine, examined lymphocyte values of 36 healthy subjects before and after topical castor oil application. This study identified castor oil as an anti-toxin, and as having impact on the lymphatic system, enhancing immunological function. The study found that castor oil pack therapy of a minimal two-hour duration produced an increase in the number of T-11 cells within a 24-hour period following treatment, with a concomitant increase in the number of total lymphocytes. This T-11 cell increase represents a general boost in the bodys specific defense status, since lymphocytes actively defend the health of the body by forming antibodies against pathogens and their toxins. T-cells identify and kill viruses, fungi, bacteria, and cancer cells. Castor oil packs are a simple home therapy which often produces astounding results.. Two ...
This type of treatment is very helpful in many cases to resolve infertility because the castor oil pack relieves congestion and inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Castor oil therapy increases circulation to the reproductive organs and helps detoxify the liver improving the metabolism of hormones. In these cases, castor oil is used by employing packs over the abdomen (Castor oil abdominal packs) covering both the uterus and liver. Castor oil is absorbed easily into the body through the skin and its healing components are delivered directly into the body tissues ...
Castor beans are back in California as a possible source crop for making biofuels. Castors main toxic protein, ricin, is so potent that a single milligram is sufficient to kill an adult. Castor oil is essential to the global specialty chemical industry because it is the only commercial source of hydroxylated fatty acids.
Edgar Cayce Remedy is your source for Edgar Cayce Products and information including Nikola Tesla Ozonated Olive Oil, Edgar Cayce Castor Oil, Ozonated Castor Oil, Ozonated Olive Oil, Edgar Cayce Health Readings, Edage Cayce Health Database, Energy Medicine
I read about using castor oil for nail fungus in your newsletter. Since Ive had toenail fungus for years despite trying lots of remedies, I started applying castor oil. Im delighted to report that both nails are now clear of fungus and growing out healthy. Please let other readers know, as this is the first remedy that has worked. We are glad that castor oil worked for you. The reader who first shared this approach applied castor oil to his toenails after showering. It takes time to overcome
Benefits of castor oil to remove makeup Why castor oil is good as makeup remover? The peculiar texture of castor oil, along with the creaminess of almond oil, makes it very convenient to drag makeup, so it can function as a good makeup remover. Preparations for removing makeup with castor oil A
Hair loss can occur for many reasons, but the one of the most common causes is an unhealthy scalp and weak hair. Castor oil does not only strengthen the hair, but also has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties which can help combat and prevent scalp infections like ringworm, and folliculitis. Castor oil can prevent the growth of micro-organisms like bacteria and fungus which can affect your scalps health and contribute to bald patches and hair loss. To use castor oil for hair loss, apply it twice a week to the scalp, leaving for at least 30 minutes before washing off.. 7. Castor Oil for Hair Shine:. ...
Castor bean, castor-oil plant, palma Christi Ricinus communis Spurge (Euphorbiaceae) Family Description: The castor bean is a semi-woody, flowering plant with large, alternate, star-like leaves that grows as a tree in tropical regions and as an annual in temperate regions. Its glossy leaves grow to 15-45 centimeters (6-18 inches long ...
Ricinus Communis(Ricino. Castor Oil)GENERAL SYMPTOMS OR Pathogenesis of Ricinus communis1 Anemia. Deep adynamia. Collapse.Seizures 2. Muscle contractions. Very painful cramps.SPECIAL of Ricinus communis3 Dizziness. Severe headache. Sudden occipital headache, with waves of blood to the head.
Castor bean oil has been used externally for centuries as a natural therapy. The Edgar Cayce Readings inform us that castor oil packs are to be used
Commercial Usage. Parts used: oil, leaves, roots, seeds, fruit. Ricinus communis has had economic use in many parts of the world for its medicinal properties, despite potential toxic effects. Castor oil has been used for many years as a purgative, laxative, and general cure all. In warmer regions of the world, the plant is grown for the seeds from which castor oil is extracted (Muensher 1939). The plant has been used for a variety of purposes for quite some time. Egyptians burned caster oil in their lamps and castor beans have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs dating back to 4,000 BC. The plant is a native of India and Africa and the fixed oil is obtained by expression from the seeds. It has been used therapeutically and medicinally in ancient India, China, Persia, Egypt, Africa, Greece, Rome, and in 17th century Europe. In the United States, castor oil has been used by the military in aircraft lubricants, hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of explosives. It is now of importance in a ...
Imported sucrose is cleaved by sucrose synthase (SUS) as a critical initial reaction in the biosynthesis of storage end-products by developing seeds. Although SUS is phosphorylated at a conserved seryl residue by an apparent CDPK (Ca2+-dependent protein kinase) in diverse plant tissues, the functions and mechanistic details of this process remain obscure. Thus, the native CDPK that phosphorylates RcSUS1 ( Ricinus communis SUS1) at Ser11 in developing COS (castor oil seeds) was highly purified and identified as RcCDPK2 by MS/MS. Purified RcSUS1-K (-kinase) and heterologously-expressed RcCDPK2 catalyzed Ca2+-dependent Ser11 phosphorylation of RcSUS1 and its corresponding dephosphopeptide, while exhibiting a high affinity for free Ca2+ ions [ K0.5 (Ca2+) RcCDPK2 expression, and RcSUS1 Ser11 phosphorylation peaked during early COS development and then declined in parallel. Elimination of sucrose import via fruit excision triggered RcSUS1 dephosphorylation but did not alter RcSUS1-K activity, ...
Oh, and on the Omnivoracious interview, I have to add that Im getting a good example of a carnivorous plant that encourages insect symbiosis. Its an Asian pitcher plant called Nepenthes bicalcarata, and the pitchers have two fangs coming down off the lid: they look as if the plant could bite, but apparently theyre an adaptation to prevent the pitchers from being robbed of insect prey by monkeys and birds. The pitcher plant encourages one species of ant to live in the vicinity, and it even grows "rooms" in its leaves to allow them to set up nurseries. The ants make daisychains into the pitchers and tear up prey caught inside: not only does the plant benefit by the ants eating large prey before it rots and damages the pitcher, but the ants also drop their dead into the pitchers and give back the nutrients. Finally, if anything is dumb enough to try to eat the plant, the ants converge and sting the predator until it leaves. The more I come across stories like these, how could I not stick with ...
To selfie or not to selfie?. We dont know; wed rather take pictures of plants. But it was across Instagrams sea of selfies that we forged a friendship with a brilliant gardener named Warren Keller, whose photos depict the joy, verve and drama of gardening and plant appreciation.… ►. ...
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Castor. List of various diseases cured by Castor. How Castor is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Castor in various languages of the world are also given.
Interpretive Summary: Castor oil has been used in industry such as the manufacture of biodegradable plastics, nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, cosmetics and paints. Castor oil contains mostly triacylglycerols containing hydroxy fatty acids. Twelve diacylglycerols containing hydroxy fatty acids in castor oil were identified by mass spectrometry. The spectra of these diacylglycerols were compared with those of the diacylglycerols containing two normal fatty acids. Technical Abstract: Castor oil can be used in industry. The molecular species of triacylglycerols containing hydroxy fatty acids (FA) in castor oil have been identified. We report here the identification of twelve diacylglycerols (DAG) containing hydroxy FA in castor oil using positive ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of the lithium adducts. They were RR (diricinolein, R is ricinoleate), RL, RS, R-diOH18:0, R-diOH18:1, R-diOH18:2, R-triOH18:0, R-triOH18:1, R-triOH18:2, diOH18:0-diOH18:1, diOH18:1-diOH18:1 and ...
Surolia, Avadhesha and Bachhawat, BK and Vithyathil, PJ and Podder, SK (1978) Unique subunit structure for Ricinus communis agglutinin. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 15 (4). pp. 248-250. Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
Dehydrated castor oil fatty acid (DCOFA) General Dehydrated Castor oil fatty acid commonly known as DCOFA is a high diene fatty acid based on Castor oil. Three types are offered depending on the conjugation (low, medium and high). DCOFA is liquid...
I dont believe castor oil itself increases growth but it may help in retention. I say that because it may help lock in moisture a little longer than lighter oils. Hair loves moisture. Dry hair breaks as does over moisturized hair. However, using too much castor oil can cause a problem as well in terms of product build up on strands and the scalp. If there is too much, moisture from the air will have a hard time getting through. From what I read in the past, castor oil is supposed to act as an humectant as well. With that said it can draw moisture in or draw it out depending on the environment. Understanding that, my theory is it doesnt accelerate growth but helps retain temporarily. I hope that makes sense. In addition, Ive used it and havent seen any accelerated growth. In terms of growth, I tell people to regard their strands as a delicate fiber. You dont wash your best items with terrible cleansing agents so you shouldnt do so with your hair. You dont purposely tug and misuse your ...
I dont believe castor oil itself increases growth but it may help in retention. I say that because it may help lock in moisture a little longer than lighter oils. Hair loves moisture. Dry hair breaks as does over moisturized hair. However, using too much castor oil can cause a problem as well in terms of product build up on strands and the scalp. If there is too much, moisture from the air will have a hard time getting through. From what I read in the past, castor oil is supposed to act as an humectant as well. With that said it can draw moisture in or draw it out depending on the environment. Understanding that, my theory is it doesnt accelerate growth but helps retain temporarily. I hope that makes sense. In addition, Ive used it and havent seen any accelerated growth. In terms of growth, I tell people to regard their strands as a delicate fiber. You dont wash your best items with terrible cleansing agents so you shouldnt do so with your hair. You dont purposely tug and misuse your ...
Stimulation to the Liver, softening Lesions & Adhesions, eases Pain, balances incoordination in the Nervous System, stimulates the Gall Bladder, enhances Lymphatic circulation and Gastrointestinal assimilation, improves Elimination, relieves Inflammation, improves Relaxation, reduces Flatulence, softens Lacteal duct adhesions, reduces Nausea, relieves pain from Gallstones, stimulates Lacteal duct circulation, relieves Swelling, improves Liver-Kidney coordination, stimulates Organs and Glands, draws Acids, relieves Headaches, stimulates Peristalsis, improves Perspiration, Respiration and Coordination, improves Skin circulation (blood and lymph), reduces Cysts.. Customers Experiences: Castor Oil will at times help when other therapies are ineffective. - A.J., MD., Wheeling, WV. Thank you for the Castor Oil Packs, I have a flare up of the Sciatica spasms, & Castor Oil has eased the pain for me greatly these last three days. - T.G. I have been using the Castor Oil packs on a bad knee which ...
If you have not been able to get pregnant after months or years of trying, this easy technique may be able to help you. It is very affordable, easy to do at home and most importantly it works! Castor oil packs has helped many women who suffer from infertility. This natural and effective method has been around for a very long time, but it has become increasingly popular recently since more and more natural health physicians recommend using this technique to solve womens health conditions related to the menstrual cycle. Castor oil therapy is really easy to do use at home and can produce results only after a few cycle applications depending on the severity of your situation. This type of treatment can benefit women who cannot get pregnant as a result of: endometriosis, fibroids, PCOS, irregular menses, PMS, ovulation pain, painful menses, and ovarian cyst. Castor oil has the ability to penetrate deep into the skin and help the body rid itself from harmful toxins. It is considered to be an herbal ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about castor oil at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about castor oil easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Using Castor Oil for Hair Growth - Castor oil is indicated as an effective hair loss treatment method, read how you can use castor oil for hair growth.
Castor oil packs on Cancer Compass~An Alternate Route | The healing benefits of castor oil packs Castor oil packs were first popularized by the late psychic…
I decided to start doing my castor oil packs again...It is the perfect time. We are not TTC, it is not hot outside ( that makes laying with a heat pad a bit uncomfy when it is 90 degrees out), My youngest is still napping during the afternoon, leaving me plenty of time to lay down and rest at the same time, and do a castor oil pack...I did it for the first time today, in ages and ages, and it felt so very nice (I also added a few drops of lavender and clary sage to the mix, and it was delightful!)...I fell asleep actually, and woke up feeling so relaxed and refreshed....Here is some info on castor oil packs for those who do not know ...
Health Benefits of castor oil : Castor oil is known for its benefits of hair & skin. It has some amazing therapeutic advantage too.
Castor oil is used for many things, such as preventing constipation and taking care of your hair and skin. Learn more about castor oil uses in this article.
CE proved hot & cold oilseeds pressing machine, vegetable seed oil processing plant is usually a screw-type machine that presses oil seeds through a caged cavity. castor bean oil machine enters one side of the machinery and the waste(oil cake) exit the other end. The machinery CE proved hot & cold oilseeds pressing machine, vegetable seed oil processing plant uses friction and continuous pressure from the screw drives to move and compress the CE proved hot & cold oilseeds pressing machine, vegetable seed oil processing plant. CE proved hot & cold oilseeds pressing machine, vegetable seed oil processing plant-castor oil extraction process-castor oil extraction project report-castor oil processing machinery-castor oil project cost-how to cold press castor beans-homemade castor oil-castor oil extraction process pdf-how to cold press castor oil
... is usually a screw-type machine that presses oil seeds through a caged cavity. castor bean oil machine enters one side of the machinery and the waste(oil cake) exit the other end. The machinery Cooking oil machine /China processing machinery uses friction and continuous pressure from the screw drives to move and compress the Cooking oil machine /China processing machinery. Cooking oil machine /China processing machinery-castor oil extraction process-castor oil extraction project report-castor oil processing machinery-castor oil project cost-how to cold press castor beans-homemade castor oil-castor oil extraction process pdf-how to cold press castor oil
Reported lethal doses are anywhere from two to eight seeds, though only a few deaths have been reported when castor beans have ... Wedin GP; Neal JS; Everson GW; Krenzelok EP (May 1986). "Castor bean poisoning". Am J Emerg Med. 4 (3): 259-61. doi:10.1016/ ... Albretsen JC; Gwaltney-Brant SM; Khan SA (2000). "Evaluation of castor bean toxicosis in dogs: 98 cases". J Am Anim Hosp Assoc ... Many seeds have been used as beads in necklaces and rosaries including Job's tears, Chinaberry, rosary pea, and castor bean. ...
... swallowing castor beans rarely proves to be fatal unless the bean is thoroughly chewed. The survival rate of castor bean ... Studies showing lack of toxicity of castor oil from the US Public Health Service Castor bean information at Purdue University ... Castor bean)". UniProtKB. UniProt Consortium. Aplin PJ, Eliseo T (September 1997). "Ingestion of castor oil plant seeds". Med. ... The castor bean plant from which ricin is derived is a common ornamental and can be grown at home without any special care. ...
Chemists, coffee bean baggers and handlers, gardeners, millers, oil industry workers, farmers ... Castor beans Cigarette factory workers Tobacco dust Drug manufacturers, mold makers in sweet factories, printers ...
Wedin GP; Neal JS; Everson GW; Krenzelok EP (May 1986). "Castor bean poisoning". Am J Emerg Med. 4 (3): 259-261. doi:10.1016/ ... A deadly poison, ricin, comes from seeds of the castor bean. Reported lethal doses are anywhere from two to eight seeds,[50][51 ... In most monocotyledons (such as grasses and palms) and some (endospermic or albuminous) dicotyledons (such as castor beans) the ... Many seeds have been used as beads in necklaces and rosaries including Job's tears, Chinaberry, rosary pea, and castor bean. ...
Fitri N, Kastenholz B, Buchari B, Amran MB, Warganegara FM (2008). "Molybdenum speciation in raw phloem sap of castor bean". ...
There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean, and is known for the ... The subspecies S. cynthia ricini feeds upon castor bean. Sericulture "The Queen of Textiles." Nina Hyde. National Geographic ...
... castor bean (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.350.737 --- sapium (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.350.825 ...
Oklahoma legislators want castor beans to be outlawed, Tulsa World. Published Nov. 6, 2011.. ... an extract of castor beans. GOP DeWitt named House floor leader, Tulsa World. Published November 5, 2011. Representative Dale ...
Castor beans were processed in Woodburn to make castor oil. This was the main lubricant until petroleum was discovered in 1854 ... Castor oil cost about two dollars a gallon, while petroleum cost only pennies for the same amount. There were two coal mines in ...
... castor bean)". Phytochemistry. 78: 20-28. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.02.022. PMID 22459969. Alpha-copaene synthase at the US ...
Principle crops include corn, beans, chickpeas, castor oil plant and peanuts. Traditionally, Tilcajete was reliant on ...
F. solani is a facultative pathogen of the castor bean tick. It is also lethal to southern pine beetles. F. solani rots the ...
"Ixodes ricinus: European Castor Bean Tick, Castor Bean Tick, Sheep Tick" (PDF). Iowa State University. September 2009. Mikula, ... The parasitic wasp Ixodiphagus hookeri lays its eggs inside castor bean tick, though the castor bean tick is not I. hookeri's ... Ixodes ricinus, the castor bean tick, is a chiefly European species of hard-bodied tick. It may reach a length of 11 mm (0.43 ... The scientific name of the castor bean tick dates back to the starting point of zoological nomenclature, the 1758 tenth edition ...
Plant isoforms of PLD were first purified from cabbage and castor bean; PLDα was ultimately cloned and characterized from a ...
Jonathan was found hanging by a rope from a castor bean tree. His legs and arms were bound with rope, his mouth gagged and he ...
... a castor bean derivative which can kill by inhibiting protein synthesis. She also admitted conducting research into cholera, ...
It is produced from castor beans by Arkema under the trade name Rilsan. It is produced by polymerization of 11-aminoundecanoic ...
Castor oil, with many industrial and medicinal uses. Castor beans are also a source of the toxin ricin. Chaulmoogra oil, from ... Possible substitute for castor oil as it requires much less moisture than castor beans. Brucea javanica oil, extracted from the ... "Castor Oil". Retrieved 2006-07-25. The site contains a large set of resources on castor oil and many other oils, particularly ... Castor oil, lower cost than many candidates. Kinematic viscosity may be an issue. Coconut oil (copra oil), promising for local ...
Ricin poisoning Ricin is a dangerous poison in castor beans, and causes trouble breathing, nausea, fever and sweating. ...
An example is ricin, an extremely potent protein toxin found in castor oil beans. This enzyme is a glycosidase that inactivates ...
In Brazil, castor bean is the best option to make biodiesel, because it's easier to plant and costs less than soybean, ... Feedstocks can be a variety of sunflower oil, soybean oil, or castor bean oil. The finished product will be a blend of diesel ... Jatropha is now being replaced by Pongamia and Castor due to its very (comparative) high cost of cultivation. In order to ... Castor is already a well established crop in India with several very high yielding varieties in the market. Large-scale ...
Oilseeds of lesser significance include castor beans, rapeseed, peanuts, and safflower and sunflower seeds. Most oilseeds are ... Principal crops include coffee, pulses (e.g., beans), oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables. Exports are ...
A Bean Called Castor Can Cut Carbon & Fuel the Future Ricinus communis L. - at Purdue University Castor beans - at Purdue ... Its seed is the castor bean, which, despite its name, is not a true bean. Castor is indigenous to the southeastern ... Ricinus communis, the castor bean or castor-oil-plant, is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, ... Translated in 1872, it describes castor oil as a laxative. The use of castor bean oil ("eranda") in India has been documented ...
Agriculture is important here with principle crops being flowers, corn, beans and castor oil plants. There is also widespread ...
Later, gourds, watermelons, castor beans, and cotton were also collected and domesticated. The people started capturing wild ... Other crops included fruit, figs, grapes, and beans. By the 2nd century AD, olive oil rivaled cereals as an export item.[ ...
A response was returned through the tossing of colored beans, one color designating "yes," another "no." Little else is known ...
Check out more information about the castor bean varieties and explore tips on planting castor beans. ... Find essential growing information on castor beans, including: flower and foliage colors, height and width, seasonal features ... plant Castor Bean with. Canna Cannas bring tropical splendor to gardens in all regions. These bold plants feature clustered, ... Plant a castor bean and then stand back. This is one of the fastest-growing, giant annuals in the garden, rivaled only perhaps ...
Download this The Castor Bean Tick photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from ... The castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) - Stock image. .... Animal, Animal Skin, Human Skin, Insect, Invertebrate. ...
... Jeffrey d Miller jemille at eis.calstate.edu Tue Aug 10 22:58:02 EST 1993 *Previous message: (none) ... They are looking for material on the importationthe Castor Bean (Ricinus spp.) and possible relationship to Lou Gerhigs ...
K071-IgE Castor Bean. 6063-2. 602864. K071-IgE Castor Bean. kU/L. 6063-2. ...
castor bean. lama palagi. maskerekur. toto ni vavalagi. uluchula skoki. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the ...
Native to Africa, castor bean plants, which arent really beans, are grown as ornamentals that are highly toxic to humans and ... Castor bean plants, outstanding in the Euphorbiaceae family, are the only species in the genus Ricinus. ... Native to Africa, castor bean plants, which arent really beans, are grown as ornamentals that are highly toxic to humans and ... Castor bean plants sport impressive foliage in an array of colors, small flowers, and seeds intricately painted by nature. All ...
National Jewish Health Advanced Diagnostic Laboratories in Colorado, is a leading ISO 15189 accredited clinical laboratory with central laboratory services.
When I lived in the South, I was able to find Castor Bean seeds at most nurseries and places such as Home Depot or Walmart. I ... Castor Bean seed is available from Gurneys at 110 Capital Street, Yankton, SD 57079, ph. 605-665-1671.. ...
When the plant and beans are boiled, the toxins are removed. The seeds are then ... ... is grown for its production of castor oil, animal feed and as an ornamental garden specimen. The plant is highly toxic and ... Castor bean plants should be planted with caution. They are highly toxic. One castor bean seed will kill a child and several ... Plant castor bean plants in a sunny location that affords wind protection. Plant castor bean plants in groups for the best ...
Castor bean plants are a popular garden ornamental, especially in the southern parts of the United States. They are also ... About the Castor Bean Plant. The castor bean plant, or Ricinus Communis, is native to Asia and Africa. It has been spread ... Castor beans have one useful application. They yield castor oil, which contains no ricin as ricin is not oil-soluble. Castor ... Castor beans swallowed without being chewed may pass through the body without serious harm. If the seed coat is damaged, ricin ...
One commonly described crude ricin preparation method is acetone extraction of crushed castor beans. Here, we describe the use ... We prepared acetone-extracted castor bean mash, along with controls of unextracted mash and mash extracted with nonacetone ... Samples containing the toxic castor bean protein ricin have been recently seized in connection with biocriminal activity. ... Detection of Acetone Processing of Castor Bean Mash for Forensic Investigation of Ricin Preparation Methods ...
can design the Castor bean shelling machine with several sets of our oil press machines, and other auxiliary equipments for oil ... are able to offer you complete Castor bean shelling machine with this oil press machine. Industrial Microwave Systems Co Ltd. ... Castor bean shelling machine is also accepted! Industrial Microwave Systems Co Ltd. ... castor bean shelling machine 1.easy to opereat 2.high purity 3.noiseless machine 4.automatic control Castor bean shelling ...
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Inhibition of Castor Bean Lipase Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis - Ricinus communis (castor bean) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
Sulfur metabolism - Ricinus communis (castor bean) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Zeatin biosynthesis - Ricinus communis (castor bean) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Homologous recombination - Ricinus communis (castor bean) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
... castor beans sport large leaves on stalks. Castor bean flowers are typically green, but newer varieties of the plant ... ... Castor bean seeds are the size of beans and have a distinctive mottling pattern. ... Harvest the castor bean seeds. Put on a pair of gloves, as contact with the seeds and pods can cause an allergic reaction in ... Inspect your castor bean plant for seed pods. Seed pods form during the growing season; they become much larger and more ...
ENTRY T20067 Est Genome DEFINITION Ricinus communis (castor bean) (EST) ANNOTATION KAAS TAXONOMY TAX:3988 LINEAGE Eukaryota; ...
After castor bean oil screw oil presser, the refined palm oil can be exported as a popular kind of healthy and edible oil.). ... Through castor bean oil screw oil presser, mashing and expelling, crude palm oil will be pressed out in Palm Oil Processing ... Home,Products,Palm Oil Processing Machines,castor bean oil screw oil presser ... 100-3000 T/D oil pretreatment, shelling and pre-press workshop turnkey project (soybean hot peeling, bean skin crushing; the ...
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Ricinus communis (castor bean) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
View picture of Red Castor Bean Carmencita (Ricinus communis) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community ... Red Castor Bean Carmencita (Ricinus communis). by WillowWasp Jun 12, 2004 9:15 AM ... Red Castor Bean Carmencita (Ricinus communis) bloom buds and blooms shown in mid-October ... ... First year with this red castor bean, beautiful foliages until late Fall, attractive seedpods. ...
Plant seed oil can be extracted mechanically or using solvents, generating castor bean cake and castor bean meal as by-products ... and castor bean cake was requested instead. Four horses that received castor bean cake presented clinical signs indicative of ... Castor bean (Ricinus communis) cake is available on the market as a fertilizer in a non-detoxified form, which is toxic to ... 2010). Castor bean cake is obtained mechanically through seed pressing, and is used mainly as organic fertilizer (Patel et al. ...
all Screw Type castor bean oil extraction machine of moderate to low volatility analytes from solid samples have required ... 2. Screw Type castor bean oil extraction machine is driven by rack, with unique rotor of balanced design, low rotating speed, ... Screw Type castor bean oil extraction machine. Screw Type Soybean oil pressing machine,Peanut oil pressing plant ... Screw Type castor bean oil extraction machine adopts the most advanced technology, high efficiency, its.Its strong maintain ...
Ricinus communis (Castor bean)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ...
  • Irrigation in the county led to more acres being planted on sorghum, cotton, alfalfa, watermelons and castor beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exports were mostly salt cotton, millet, and castor bean oil and later cloth and tobacco, while imports were mostly rice, lumber and dried fruit, and some sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allium Amaranthus - amaranth Apium - celery Arachis - peanut Asparagus - asparagus Atriplex Beta - beet Brassica Cannabis Chenopodium - goosefoot Cytisus - broom Glycine - soybean Gossypium - cotton plant Halogeton Hibiscus Lactuca - lettuce Linum - flax Lycopersicon - tomato Medicago - alfalfa Nicotiana - tobacco Petroselinum - parsley Phaseolus - common bean Pisum Populus - poplar Portulaca - purslane Raphanus - radish Rheum - rhubarb Ricinus - castor bean Salsola Scorzonera Sonchus - sow-thistle Spinacia - spinach Taraxacum - dandelion Trifolium - clover Ulmus - elm See reference. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of trap crops include: Alfalfa planted in strips among cotton, to draw away lygus bugs, while castor beans surround the field, or tobacco is planted in strips among it, to protect from the budworm Heliothis. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. gossypii is a common pest of cotton, but has also been reported from the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis) and another twenty three species of plant hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • We conclude that the observed differences in the biotic defense of foliar and unisexual floral tissues on castor bean are congruent with the optimal plant-defense strategy of a monoecious pioneer species. (academicjournals.org)
  • We found that, despite surveying five continents and 35 countries, genetic diversity in castor bean germplasm is relatively low (overall H e = 0.126 for AFLPs and 0.188 for SSRs) compared to estimates of genetic diversity in other plant species. (elsevier.com)
  • The evolution of castor and its relation to other species are currently being studied using modern genetic tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • An unrelated plant species, Fatsia japonica, is similar in appearance and known as the false castor oil plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • many species feed on grasses and legumes, and a few are pests of castor bean, sugarcane, rice, as well as pistachios and blackberries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ergalatax margariticola, common name : the Shouldered Castor Bean, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus the term "bean" in general usage can mean a host of different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • One is that in the past, several species, including Vigna angularis (adzuki bean), mungo (black gram), radiata (green gram), and aconitifolia (moth bean), were classified as Phaseolus and later reclassified. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern day mad scientists can extract ricin from castor bean seeds. (improvehomelife.com)
  • Organisms that possess myotoxins include: rattlesnakes eastern bearded dragon Cytotoxins are toxic at the level of individual cells, either in a non-specific fashion or only in certain types of living cells: Ricin, from castor beans Apitoxin, from honey bees T-2 mycotoxin, from certain toxic mushrooms The term "environmental toxin" can sometimes explicitly include synthetic contaminants such as industrial pollutants and other artificially made toxic substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • LEC2 exists as a single-copy gene in castor bean, is expressed predominantly in embryos, and encodes a protein with a conserved B3 domain, but different N- and C-terminal domains to those found in LEC2 from Arabidopsis. (nih.gov)
  • Hypothetical protein, XP_002509459, which is encoded by an mRNA transcribed from 30190.m010868 genomic DNA in castor bean. (nih.gov)
  • L. und einigen anderen Euphorbiaceen", which is a description of the isolation of ricin, a poisonous protein component from castor beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In their early work, they studied the deadly poison ricin which is classified as a type 2 ribosome inactivating protein (RIP) from castor beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beans were an important source of protein throughout Old and New World history, and still are today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its function is to extract the pressed castor cake, the oil in the cake is about 13% after pressing, use this extractor, the oil can be extracted out thoroughlly. (europebyair.com)
  • Characterization and Utilization of castor bean seed oil extract for production of medicated soap. (scribd.com)
  • In the 2012 legislative session, DeWitt authored legislation to protect Oklahoma's food supply against contamination from ricin, an extract of castor beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it grows very rapidly with little care or insect pests and produces a mass of lush tropical foliage, its use in cultivation should be discouraged because of the extremely poisonous seeds or "beans. (palomar.edu)
  • The fruit is a spiny, greenish (to reddish-purple) capsule containing large, oval, shiny, bean-like, highly poisonous seeds with variable brownish mottling. (wikipedia.org)
  • While some varieties are intentional additions to ornamental gardens, castor bean also grows as a weed that can reach 15 feet tall. (bobvila.com)
  • Expression of castor bean LEC2 in Arabidopsis increased the expression of fatty acid elongase 1 (FAE1) and induced the accumulation of triacylglycerols, especially those containing the seed-specific fatty acid, eicosenoic acid (20:1(Δ11)), in vegetative tissues. (nih.gov)
  • cocoa butter is the fatty component of the bean. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Castor Seeds are mainly produced in countries like India, China and Brazil and the resulting castor oil is one of the crucial requirements for several industrial sectors. (exportersindia.com)
  • We are counted among the key suppliers of Castor Seeds based in Gujarat, India. (exportersindia.com)
  • There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean, and is known for the production of eri silk, and is often referred to by the common name Eri silkmoth. (wikipedia.org)
  • As per the 2010 FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, select fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • To introduce its taste to India, he wrapped seven coffee beans around his belly and got them out of Arabia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seeds called "beans" are often included among the crops called "pulses" (legumes), although a narrower prescribed sense of "pulses" reserves the word for leguminous crops harvested for their dry grain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ectopic overexpression of castor bean LEAFY COTYLEDON2 (LEC2) in Arabidopsis triggers the expression of genes that encode regulators of seed matura. (nih.gov)
  • A) Phylogenic analysis of deduced amino acids of three Arabidopsis TFs that each contain a B3 domain (LEC2, FUS3, and ABI3) and their most homologous three genes from castor bean, 30190.m010868, 30132.m006860, and 30204.m001803, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • B) Amino acid alignment of LEC2 proteins from castor bean (RcLEC2) and Arabidopsis (AtLEC2). (nih.gov)
  • C) Structures of cDNAs that encode LEC2 from castor bean and Arabidopsis. (nih.gov)
  • Castor beans are notorious for containing the poison ricin, but it's possible to turn them into polyamide 11, a thermoplastic from the nylon family of polymers. (castoroil.in)
  • Police discovered that he had been constructing pipe bombs and purchasing castor beans, which are used to make the poison ricin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since it displays rich phenotypic variations with low genetic diversity, castor bean is a good model to investigate the molecular basis of phenotypic and epigenetic variations. (rhhz.net)
  • Worldwide genetic diversity in 200 individuals comprising 41 castor bean accessions was assessed using amplified fragment polymorphisms (AFLPs) and simple sequence repeats (SSRs). (elsevier.com)
  • Low levels of genetic diversity and mixing of genotypes have led to minimal geographic structuring of castor bean populations worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Native Americans customarily grew them along with corn and squash (the so-called Three Sisters), with the tall cornstalks acting as support for the beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Castor Seeds & Oil that we make available are widely in demand owing to their excellent quality, high nutritional benefits and zero impurities. (exportersindia.com)
  • or intense selection followed by domestic cultivation of a limited number of castor bean genotypes, which are widely propagated for their horticultural and agro-economic value. (elsevier.com)
  • Walking among large castor shrubs on a hot summer day can be quite an experience, with the sound of exploding carpels and seeds flying through the air and bouncing off road signs, sidewalks, and your head. (palomar.edu)
  • The structure below shows the major component of castor oil which is composed of the tri-ester of rincinoleic acid and glycerin: Other vegetable oils - such as soy bean oil, peanut oil, and canola oil - contain carbon-carbon double bonds, but no hydroxyl groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Papyrus consists of lists of ailments and their treatments, ranging from "disease of the limbs" to "diseases of the skin" and has information on over 850 plant medicines, including garlic, juniper, cannabis, castor bean, aloe, and mandrake. (wikipedia.org)
  • But if you have a dog, don't use mulch made from cocoa beans. (rd.com)
  • The mulch is a by-product of chocolate production and made of the discarded hulls of cocoa beans. (rd.com)