Perna: A genus of freshwater mussel in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. It is found in tropical and warm temperate coastal waters. Most species have green in their shells.Mytilidae: A family of marine MUSSELS in the class BIVALVIA.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Cysteinyldopa: Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.Sarcosine: An amino acid intermediate in the metabolism of choline.Isoptera: An order of insects, restricted mostly to the tropics, containing at least eight families. A few species occur in temperate regions of North America.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Tissue Extracts: Preparations made from animal tissues or organs (ANIMAL STRUCTURES). They usually contain many components, any one of which may be pharmacologically or physiologically active. Tissue extracts may contain specific, but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific actions.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Juvenile Hormones: Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.IndiaSocial Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Hymenoptera: An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.PanamaHypopharynx: The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.NepalMole Rats: Any of several burrowing rodents of the families MURIDAE and Bathyergidae, found in eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have short limbs, small eyes with permanently closed lids, and no tail. Three genera SPALAX (Muridae), Heterocephalus (Bathyergidae) and Cryptomys (Bathyergidae) are used frequently as experimental animals in biomedical research. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed)Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Vitellogenins: Phospholipoglycoproteins produced in the fat body of egg-laying animals such as non-mammalian VERTEBRATES; ARTHROPODS; and others. Vitellogenins are secreted into the HEMOLYMPH, and taken into the OOCYTES by receptor-mediated ENDOCYTOSIS to form the major yolk proteins, VITELLINS. Vitellogenin production is under the regulation of steroid hormones, such as ESTRADIOL and JUVENILE HORMONES in insects.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Thysanoptera: An order of very small, fringed-wing INSECTS including many agricultural pests.Ecdysteroids: Steroids that bring about MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysteroids include the endogenous insect hormones (ECDYSONE and ECDYSTERONE) and the insect-molting hormones found in plants, the phytoecdysteroids. Phytoecdysteroids are natural insecticides.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Genome, Insect: The genetic complement of an insect (INSECTS) as represented in its DNA.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Hemolymph: The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Y Chromosome: The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Parthenogenesis: A unisexual reproduction without the fusion of a male and a female gamete (FERTILIZATION). In parthenogenesis, an individual is formed from an unfertilized OVUM that did not complete MEIOSIS. Parthenogenesis occurs in nature and can be artificially induced.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Pupa: An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.Nymph: The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)HydrocarbonsDiscriminant Analysis: A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.Pheromones: Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Tandem Repeat Sequences: Copies of DNA sequences which lie adjacent to each other in the same orientation (direct tandem repeats) or in the opposite direction to each other (INVERTED TANDEM REPEATS).Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
... scheduled caste) dalit farmer called Perna while ploughing his farm. The idol of Mahaganapathi hidden under the earth ... Severely perturbed Perna went to his home that day and saw an unusual dream that night. In his dream, Perna was ordained to ... Perna did according to the divine order which he received in his dream. To his surprise, when he visited the spots next day, he ... From that day, the village came to be known as Perna+Ankila (the plough), Pernankila. It is widely believed that with the ...
Garo Kachari Kuki Mikir Naga In accordance with The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976. Bagata ... Mazhabi Sikh Megh Nat Od Pasi Perna Pherera Sanhai Sanhal Sansi, Bhedkut, Manesh Sansoi Sapela Sarera Sikligar Sirkiband. Mochi ... In accordance with The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976. Agariya Andh Baiga Bhaina Bharia ... Bhotia Buksa Jaunsari Raji Tharu In accordance with The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976. ...
... a municipality in Finland Perna (genus), a genus of saltwater mussel Perna caste, a Hindu caste in India Pietro Perna (1519- ... Perna may refer to: Perna, Croatia, a village near Vrginmost, Croatia Perna, Poland, a village in Kutno County, Poland Perná a ...
The Perna are a Hindu caste found mainly in the state of Haryana in India. The Perna were a nomadic tribe, referred to as ... The community has been accorded scheduled caste status. The Perna are endogamous, and there is no inter marriage with ... The Perna are now a settled community and provide the bulk of the agricultural labourers in Haryana. A small number have been ... "The Indian caste where wives are forced into sex work". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2016-12-02. ...
Perna caste People of India Bihar Volume XVI Part Two edited by Surendra Gopal and Hetukar Jha, pages 722-725 People of India ... The Nat are a Hindu caste found in North India and Nepal. Those of Bihar claim a Rajput origin, and have traditions similar to ... Each of their encampment consists of a caste council, known as path. The panth resolves intra community disputes, and also acts ... The 2011 Census of India for Uttar Pradesh showed the total Nat Scheduled Caste population as 214,344. There are two endogamous ...
This Town and near by villages have Vanniyars (Vanniya Goundars) dominantly and Scheduled Caste peoples. Other than these, ... per-na-mallur". Some believe is there like because of a dam build across the panai-yaar, this name came. This is one of ...
Thalsserry has produced a lot of good Cricketers to Kerala Team The Asian Green Mussel (Perna viridis) cuisines are favored in ... resulting in less social distance between upper and lower castes from the 18th to mid-20th centuries. This effect did not reach ...
The Perna are a Hindu caste found mainly in the state of Haryana in India. The Perna were a nomadic tribe, referred to as ... The community has been accorded scheduled caste status. The Perna are endogamous, and there is no inter marriage with ... The Perna are now a settled community and provide the bulk of the agricultural labourers in Haryana. A small number have been ... "The Indian caste where wives are forced into sex work". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2016-12-02. ...
... scheduled caste) dalit farmer called Perna while ploughing his farm. The idol of Mahaganapathi hidden under the earth ... Severely perturbed Perna went to his home that day and saw an unusual dream that night. In his dream, Perna was ordained to ... Perna did according to the divine order which he received in his dream. To his surprise, when he visited the spots next day, he ... From that day, the village came to be known as Perna+Ankila (the plough), Pernankila. It is widely believed that with the ...
Summary: Morphological castes in ants vary as a function of size, which has far-reaching consequences for caste development and ... Andrea Perna, Guy Theraulaz. Journal of Experimental Biology 2017 220: 83-91; doi: 10.1242/jeb.143347 ... Caste development and evolution in ants: its all about size Waring Trible, Daniel J. C. Kronauer ...
Perna canaliculus. The New Zealand green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus), also known as the New Zealand mussel, the ... Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are socially or ... New!!: Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Perna canaliculus · See more ». Port Blair. Port Blair is the capital of the Andaman and ... Perna canaliculus, Port Blair, Port Cornwallis, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Pterocarpus dalbergioides, Rabi ...
QUANTITATIVE EXPRESSION OF HSP70 GENE IN BROWN MUSSEL PERNA INDICA.. 60. MBTDP-45. MARY SONIYA CORREYA*, N. K. SANIL AND P. ... UPLIFTMENT OF SCHEDULED TRIBES AND SCHEDULED CASTES OF INDIA THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF MARICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES OF ICAR-CMFRI. ... REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND RECRUITMENT DYNAMICS OF BROWN MUSSEL, PERNA INDICA ALONG THE VIZHINJAM COAST OF KERALA. ... GROWTH, SURVIVAL AND SETTLEMENT OF ASIAN GREEN MUSSEL PERNA VIRIDIS EYESPOT LARVAE AT DIFFERENT STOCKING DENSITIES IN MICRO- ...
Perna, N. T., M. A. Batzer, P. L. Deininger, and M. Stoneking. 1992. Alu insertion polymorphism: a new type of marker for human ... Independent origins of Indian caste and tribal paternal lineages. Current Biology,14(3), 231-235. DOI BibTeX Endnote ...
e Plesiomonas shigelloides isoladas a partir de mexilhões (Perna perna in natura e pré-cozidos no Rio de Janeiro, RJ Aeromonas ... Girls from deprived backgrounds contend with further disabilities of caste and class. Their perspectives are seldom part of the ... Full Text Available O ecossistema aquático é o habitat de mexilhões (Perna perna, animais filtradores que refletem a qualidade ... and Plesiomonas shigelloides isolated from in natura and precooked mussels (Perna perna in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil ...
Caste-specific differences in hindgut microbial communities of honey bees (Apis mellifera). PLoS One doi:10.1371/journal.pone. ... Perna NT, *Burritt JB. . 21 December 2016. Sepsis and hemocyte loss in honey bees (Apis mellifera) infected with serratia ...
236 - Viana, M.P.; Fourcassié, V.; Perna, A.; Costa, L. da F. and Jost, C.. Accessibility in networks: A useful measure for ... Caste development and reproduction: a genome-wide analysis of hallmarks of insect eusociality. Insect Molecular Biology, v. 15 ... Molecular determinants of caste differentiation in the highly eusocial honeybee Apis mellifera. BMC Developmental Biology, ...
Laura Perna (Education), Matt Hartley (Education). This proposal furthers Penns engagement in India through a set of ... caste, and socio-economic strata. This project sought to compare the philanthropy in pre- and post-independence India. ...
Perna, a University of Pennsylvania professor; Robert B. Archibald, a College of William & Mary professor; and Robert Shireman ... college costs and costs in tuition-driven private colleges has added to the impetus for solidifying a streamlined college caste ...
How to search for profiles from Kahar caste?. During registering a bride or groom profile, enter caste as "Kahar" in the first ... Perna , Perumal , Perumkollar , Pharjan , Phera Pherera , Phulari , Pindara , Pirali Brahmin , Piria , Pisaroti , Pnar , Pobia ... Matchmaking is very easy with hunderds of profiles of Kahar caste on our matrimonials. Matchfinder is one of very few Hindu ... Kahar matrimony is a matchmaking website for Kahar caste people. Kahar is a Hindu community found all over India. Eligible ...
How to search for profiles from Saraswat caste?. During registering a bride or groom profile, enter caste as "Saraswat" in the ... Perna , Perumal , Perumkollar , Pharjan , Phera Pherera , Phulari , Pindara , Pirali Brahmin , Piria , Pisaroti , Pnar , Pobia ... Matchmaking is very easy with hunderds of profiles of Saraswat Brahmin caste on our matrimonials. Matchfinder is one of very ... Saraswat matrimony is a matchmaking website for Saraswat caste people. Saraswat is a Hindu community found all over India. ...
Her self-destructive behavior stems from the Homeworld caste values, where pearls are viewed as property rather than Gems. This ... "perna", meaning "leg", thought to be due to the ham-leg shape of the bivalve mollusc. ...
Perna , Perumal , Perumkollar , Pharjan , Phera Pherera , Phulari , Pindara , Pirali Brahmin , Piria , Pisaroti , Pnar , Pobia ... Castes and Subcastes List in India , Arya Vysya Brides , Arya Vysya Grooms , Balija Brides , Balija Grooms , Kapu Brides , Kapu ... Should be in medical field MS/MD Studying or completed PG in sourashtra caste o ...
The snake ornaments are the white hair-ribbon of the caste of näga kings, the yellow earrings of the caste of nobles, the red ... This is an important point to observe, as taught by Khenpo Perna Dorje. The specific visualizations for each of the four ... short necklace and medium-length necklace of the priesdy caste, the green belt and long necklace of the commoner caste, and the ...
  • The Perna are a Hindu caste found mainly in the state of Haryana in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • The divine idol of Mahaganapathi here was said to have been found by a lower class (scheduled caste) dalit farmer called Perna while ploughing his farm. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his dream, Perna was ordained to keep upside down two Koppariges (jar that contains hidden treasure), one at the place where he found the Mahaganapathi Idol in his farm and the other near the Shivaalaya (the Shiva temple) and visit the two spots next morning. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting political pressure to trim state college costs and costs in tuition-driven private colleges has added to the impetus for solidifying a streamlined college caste system, one that offers a marginal education to the middling and poor folk, and a top notch education for the ruling 10-20 percent who can still afford the best. (schoolsmatter.info)