Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral: A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease: Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral: A species of PESTIVIRUS causing systemic infections (BOVINE VIRUS DIARRHEA-MUCOSAL DISEASE) in cattle and some other cloven-hoofed animals. There are several strains and two biotypes: cytopathic (rare) and non-cytopathic. Infections range from clinically inapparent to severe, but do not correlate with biotypes.Antidiarrheals: Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition.Diarrhea Virus 2, Bovine Viral: A species of PESTIVIRUS causing systemic infections including BOVINE VIRUS DIARRHEA-MUCOSAL DISEASE and BOVINE HEMORRHAGIC SYNDROME in cattle and some other cloven-hoofed animals. There are several strains and two biotypes: cytopathic (rare) and non-cytopathic. The severity of disease appears to be strain dependent. Cytopathogenic effects do not correlate with virulence as non-cytopathic BVDV-2 is associated only with Hemorrhagic Disease, Bovine.Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Clostridium difficile: A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.Loperamide: One of the long-acting synthetic ANTIDIARRHEALS; it is not significantly absorbed from the gut, and has no effect on the adrenergic system or central nervous system, but may antagonize histamine and interfere with acetylcholine release locally.Pestivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing acute enteritis in swine. Infections have been seen mostly in Europe, where it is endemic, and in China.Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI that produce or contain at least one member of either heat-labile or heat-stable ENTEROTOXINS. The organisms colonize the mucosal surface of the small intestine and elaborate their enterotoxins causing DIARRHEA. They are mainly associated with tropical and developing countries and affect susceptible travelers to those places.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Enterotoxins: Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Mamastrovirus: A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Clostridium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.Astroviridae Infections: Infections with ASTROVIRUS, causing gastroenteritis in human infants, calves, lambs, and piglets.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Dysentery, Bacillary: DYSENTERY caused by gram-negative rod-shaped enteric bacteria (ENTEROBACTERIACEAE), most often by the genus SHIGELLA. Shigella dysentery, Shigellosis, is classified into subgroups according to syndrome severity and the infectious species. Group A: SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE (severest); Group B: SHIGELLA FLEXNERI; Group C: SHIGELLA BOYDII; and Group D: SHIGELLA SONNEI (mildest).Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Shigella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production. Its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY).Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Fluid Therapy: Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.Rehydration Solutions: Fluids restored to the body in order to maintain normal water-electrolyte balance.BangladeshEnteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Microsporidiosis: Infections with FUNGI of the phylum MICROSPORIDIA.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Isosporiasis: Infection with parasitic protozoa of the genus ISOSPORA, producing intestinal disease. It is caused by ingestion of oocysts and can produce tissue cysts.Camptothecin: An alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata. This compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I. Several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Pestivirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus PESTIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.Caliciviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Cyclospora: A genus of coccidian parasites in the family EIMERIIDAE. Cyclospora cayetanensis is pathogenic in humans, probably transmitted via the fecal-oral route, and causes nausea and diarrhea.Campylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Probiotics: Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Colitis, Microscopic: A condition characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. This syndrome was first described in 1980 by Read and associates. Subtypes include COLLAGENOUS COLITIS and LYMPHOCYTIC COLITIS. Both have similar clinical symptoms and are distinguishable only by histology.Norovirus: A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Giardiasis: An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.Cyclosporiasis: Infection with parasitic protozoa of the genus CYCLOSPORA. It is distributed globally and causes a diarrheal illness. Transmission is waterborne.MexicoProtozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Germ-Free Life: Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Giardia lamblia: A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.GuatemalaIntestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Colostrum: The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Torovirus: A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid with helical symmetry. Toroviruses have been found in association with enteric infections in horses (Berne virus), cattle (Breda virus), swine, and humans. Transmission probably takes place via the fecal-oral route.Malabsorption Syndromes: General term for a group of MALNUTRITION syndromes caused by failure of normal INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients.Vomiting: The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Caliciviridae: A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.Coronavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Torovirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus TOROVIRUS, family CORONAVIRIDAE.Vibrio cholerae: The etiologic agent of CHOLERA.Coccidia: A subclass of protozoans commonly parasitic in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract but also found in the liver and other organs. Its organisms are found in both vertebrates and higher invertebrates and comprise two orders: EIMERIIDA and EUCOCCIDIIDA.Aeromonas: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs singly, in pairs, or in short chains. Its organisms are found in fresh water and sewage and are pathogenic to humans, frogs, and fish.Fluorouracil: A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.Dysentery, Amebic: DYSENTERY caused by intestinal amebic infection, chiefly with ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA. This condition may be associated with amebic infection of the LIVER and other distant sites.Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli: Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI characterized by attaching-and-effacing histopathology. These strains of bacteria intimately adhere to the epithelial cell membrane and show effacement of microvilli. In developed countries they are associated with INFANTILE DIARRHEA and infantile GASTROENTERITIS and, in contrast to ETEC strains, do not produce ENDOTOXINS.Enterocytozoon: A genus of parasitic FUNGI in the family Enterocytozoonidae, which infects humans. Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been found in the intestines of patients with AIDS.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Colitis, Lymphocytic: A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show infiltration of LYMPHOCYTES in the superficial EPITHELIUM and the underlying connective tissue (lamina propria).Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Colitis, Collagenous: A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show larger-than-normal band of subepithelial COLLAGEN.Egypt: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Camelids, New World: Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.Campylobacter: A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.Maximum Tolerated Dose: The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Animals, Suckling: Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.Coronavirus, Bovine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Zinc Sulfate: A compound given in the treatment of conditions associated with zinc deficiency such as acrodermatitis enteropathica. Externally, zinc sulfate is used as an astringent in lotions and eye drops. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Microsporida: An order of parasitic FUNGI found mostly in ARTHROPODS; FISHES; and in some VERTEBRATES including humans. It comprises two suborders: Pansporoblastina and APANSPOROBLASTINA.
Diarrhea may be a presenting symptom.. Notable cases[edit]. Napoleon Bonaparte and many members of his family are thought to ...
"Traveler's Diarrhea". Merck Manuals Consumer Version. Retrieved 21 February 2016. "Winter vomiting bug cases up 40 per cent: ... Norovirus infection is characterized by nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and in some cases, loss of taste. A ... Norovirus result in about 685 million cases of disease and 200,000 deaths globally a year. It is common both in the developed ... Infection is characterized by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Blood is not usually present. Fever or headaches may also ...
Diarrhea is rare. About 50% of people report needing time off work with the acute illness. If the rash is unnoticed, these ... About 95% of symptomatic cases report joint pain. This is typically symmetrical and with acute onset, affecting the fingers, ... There have been three case reports suggesting meningitis or encephalitis. Reports from the 1980s and 1990s suggested RRV ... Backwaters and Lagoons are breeding grounds for mosquitos and local medical treating facilities report higher cases than cities ...
Chronic diarrhea in postcholecystectomy syndrome is a type of bile acid diarrhea (type 3). This can be treated with a bile acid ... Approximately 50% of cases are due to biliary causes such as remaining stone, biliary injury, dysmotility, and choledococyst. ... Flatulence, bloating, and diarrhea. Persistent pain in the upper right abdomen. Symptoms occur in about 5 to 40 percent of ... Postcholecystectomy diarrhea: what relieves it?". The Journal of Family Practice. 60 (10): 632c-d. PMID 21977493. Sciarretta G ...
Covers diarrhea and dysentery; Case studies and heliotype illustrations of diseases and sections of tissue, etc. "Part II, ... The names of the surgeons who submitted these case studies are almost always included, so the books can be helpful in tracking ... The works detail tens of thousands of surgical cases and diseases occurring during the American Civil War (1861-1865). The ...
... of adult cases of traveler's diarrhea, they may be responsible for nearly 70% of cases in infants and children. Diarrhea due to ... Wilderness diarrhea, also called wilderness-acquired diarrhea (WAD) or backcountry diarrhea, refers to diarrhea among ... Although traveler's diarrhea usually resolves within three to five days (mean duration: 3.6 days), in about 20% of cases, the ... Infectious agents are the primary cause of travelers' diarrhea. Bacterial enteropathogens cause about 80% of cases. Viruses and ...
Report of two cases". Br J Ophthalmol. 59 (3): 166-67. doi:10.1136/bjo.59.3.166. PMC 1017374 . PMID 1131358.. ... Stomach pain and diarrhea were also reported in several individuals.. By day 2 (D2), many patients experienced confusion, ... The first case of Loa loa infection was noted in the Caribbean (Santo Domingo) in 1770. A French surgeon named Mongin tried but ... Indeed, cases of this have been documented so frequently over the last decade that a term has been given for this set of ...
Some symptoms of this toxin include chronic and widespread watery diarrhea and dehydration that, in some cases, leads to death ... Symptoms include abdominal pain as well as watery diarrhea. Severe life-threatening cases are characterized by hemorrhagic ... Whooping cough is very contagious and cases are slowly increasing in the United States despite vaccination. Symptoms include ...
Chronic diarrhea can be a symptom. In severe cases, edema may result in obstruction of the intestinal tract, as well as loss of ... In the case of Strongyloides, autoinfection may explain the possibility of persistent infections for many years in persons not ... In the Pacific islands, strongyloidiasis is rare, although some cases have been reported from Fiji. In tropical Australia, some ... which in many cases can prove fatal. In addition, diseases such as human T-lymphotropic virus 1, which enhance the Th1 arm of ...
Symptoms include chills, diarrhea and fever. Cholera is a waterborne infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio chloerae, and is ... Campylobacter can cause disease in both humans and animals, and most human cases are induced by the species Campylobacter ... Symptoms primarily observed include, watery diarrhea and vomiting that can cause dehydration and death if not treated. An ... estimated 3-5 million cases of Cholera occur yearly around the world. The exogenous bacteria derived infection is ...
In the case of zinc the adult UL is 40 mg/day (lower for children). Collectively the EARs, RDAs, AIs and ULs are referred to as ... Zinc becomes depleted in the body during diarrhea, but recent studies suggest that replenishing zinc with a 10- to 14-day ... One reported case of chronic ingestion of 425 pennies (over 1 kg of zinc) resulted in death due to gastrointestinal bacterial ... In children, it causes an increase in infection and diarrhea and contributes to the death of about 800,000 children worldwide ...
In acute cases, a green diarrhea can be an early symptom.. The most typical symptom, in chronic cases, is the swelling of the ... In acute cases, the most typical p.m. lesion is the petechiae observed in the epicardial fatty tissue. Necrotic foci on liver ...
Appendicitis may present with vomiting, abdominal pain, and a small amount of diarrhea in up to 33% of cases.[1] This is in ... Although most cases of travelers' diarrhea are acute and self-limited, a certain percentage of travelers will develop ... diarrhea. DNA virus. Adenovirus Adenovirus infection. RNA virus. Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. ... and they result in between 200 and 375 million cases of acute diarrhea[17][18] and approximately ten thousand deaths annually,[ ...
I have a bad case of diarrhea. I feel feverish and sluggish. I am allergic to penicillin. Is there anyone who speaks Japanese? ... kotaku.com/5914484/behind-the-meme-this-lady-had-a-bad-case-of-diarrhea/ Green, Amanda (2013-07-30). "Learning English Through ...
... berries can cause vomiting and diarrhea. They are especially dangerous in cases involving accidental consumption by ... The fruits are generally slightly toxic to humans, and can cause vomiting and diarrhea when ingested. However, they are an ... Holly leaves, if eaten, might cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach and intestinal problems. Holly plants might be ...
Eighty-eight percent of diarrhea cases worldwide are linked to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene. ... These cases result in 1.5 million deaths each year, mostly in young children. The usual cause of death is dehydration. Most ... Other waterborne diseases do not cause diarrhea; instead these diseases can cause malnutrition, skin infections, and organ ... Most waterborne diseases cause diarrheal illness [Note: not all diseases listed below cause diarrhea]. ...
E. dispar is more common in certain areas and symptomatic cases may be less common than previously reported. The first case of ... Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or bloody diarrhea. Complications can include inflammation of the colon with ... Severe ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosal surfaces occurs in less than 16% of cases. In fewer cases, the parasite ... Between 26 May and 3 September 1998, 177 cases were reported, including 71 cases of intestinal amoebiasis and 106 probable ...
Rare cases of nitrates being converted to the more toxic nitrites have been reported, mostly with infants. Skin Contact: Causes ... Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause gastroenteritis and abdominal pains. Purging and diuresis can be ... Potassium nitrate is an oxidizer so storing it near fire hazards or reducing agents should be avoided to minimise risk in case ...
Most of the cases reported are in rural areas. Diagnosis with Entamoeba moshkovskii is difficult to do until symptoms appear. ... This can cause abdominal pain and diarrhea. Once symptoms start to occur, the standard means of diagnosing are a series of ... Some of the symptoms that often occur are diarrhea, weight loss, bloody stool, and abdominal pain. The first known human ...
... ] is an unfailing remedy in all cases of Intermittent, Continued, Continued-Remittment, Nervous and Typhus ... Fevers; Cholera, Diarrhoea, and Dysentery; Scrofula in all its forms; Incipient Consumption, Chronic Bronchitic Cough, Want of ... Company's tabloid medicine cases of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. "There is now no exact equivalent of Warburg's ...
In the case of a previous Caesarian section, however, lower doses are used. Misoprostol is also used to prevent and treat post- ... Misoprostol-induced diarrhea and the need for multiple daily doses (typically four) are the main issues impairing compliance ... "Denver attorney receives 'Case of the Year' honor". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Costa, S. H.; Vessey, M. P. (1993 ... In rare cases, uterine rupture may occur. It is a prostaglandin analogue - specifically, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). ...
Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive salivation, fatigue. In severe cases: fluid in the lungs and muscle ...
... vomiting and diarrhea, although vomiting and diarrhea are commonly absent as symptoms. The tumor can also cause life- ... In most cases, appropriate treatment protocols cause few side effects, but white blood cell counts must be monitored. ... Hypercalcemia in these cases is caused by secretion of parathyroid hormone-related protein. Multicentric lymphoma presents as ... Eye involvement, seen in 20 to 25 percent of cases, can lead to glaucoma, uveitis, bleeding within the eye, retinal detachment ...
They reported three case studies; two of which with metronidazole-resistant infections. In Case 3, they reported the patient to ... The study compared nitazoxanide and probiotics in the treatment of acute rotavirus diarrhea. They found Small differences in ... Additionally, nitazoxanide monotherapy in one case and nitazoxanide plus adefovir in another case resulted in undetectable HBV ... Probiotics for the treatment of acute rotavirus diarrhea in children: A randomized, single-blind, controlled trial in Bolivian ...
... of cases. The highest case fatality rates are reported in children under 4 years. Around 2-5% of those who contract typhoid ... Diarrhea can occur in this stage: six to eight stools in a day, green, comparable to pea soup, with a characteristic smell. ... Diarrhea is uncommon and vomiting is not usually severe. Some people develop a skin rash with rose colored spots. In severe ... In white-skinned patients, pink spots, which fade on pressure, appear on the skin of the trunk in up to 20% of cases. In the ...
In both cases, the drugs must be taken with plenty of water one or two hours after a meal. It is recommended that users drink ... Gastrointestinal disturbances (abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting)[4]. *General malaise and fatigue[4] ...
Isolation and characterization of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus associated with the 2014 disease outbreak in Mexico: case ... Isolation and characterization of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus associated with the 2014 disease outbreak in Mexico: case ... The aim of this study was to confirm and identify porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in samples from piglets with ... In Mexico, an outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea, characterized by 100 % mortality in piglets, began in March 2014 in the ...
The USDA has reported another 296 cases of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) last week. That brings the number of cases in ... More Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Cases Reported. March 23, 2014 by Linda Larsen ... Arizona has become the 27th state to report confirmed cases of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv) in pig herds. The highly ... is now requiring pork producers to report cases of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv) and Swine Delta Coronavirus. PEDv was ...
... containing zinc plus the prebiotics fructooligosaccharides and xilooligosaccharides in treating children with acute diarrhea. ... Case Studies. Publications. Contemporary Pediatrics Journal. Resources. CMEJob BoardPediatric GuidelinesSponsored Resources ... Diarrhea had resolved at 72 hours in half of group 1 compared with nearly three-quarters (73%) of group 2. Similarly, the ... The 159 children in the study, brought to their pediatricians offices with diarrhea lasting less than 24 hours with mild to ...
The most common symptom of cyclosporiasis is watery diarrhea, which can be profuse. Other common symptoms include anorexia, ... These cases have been reported from 27 states, most of which have reported relatively few cases. Eighteen cases reported ... The number of cases (206) reported in 2017, is higher than the number of cases reported by this date in 2016. As of August 3, ... You are here: Home / Health Advisory / Increase in Reported cases of Cyclospora Cayetanensis Infection, United States, Summer ...
Diarrhea Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment. Diarrhea is a health ailment in which bowel movements or stools ... In majority cases, the disease is asymptomatic. It has the potential of making the infected individual seriously ill, leading ... The common symptoms include mild diarrhea, abdominal pain or severe diarrhea with blood and mucus. The symptoms can take few ... In acute amoebiasis, diarrhea or dysentery with frequent, small and often bloody stools may occur. The chronic amoebiasis can ...
Two competing vaccines designed to combat rotaviral diarrhea, one of the worlds leading causes of childhood death, sharply ... Two competing vaccines designed to combat rotaviral diarrhea, one of the worlds leading causes of childhood death, sharply ... The vaccine reduced the incidence of severe disease by 98% and diarrhea-related hospitalizations by 63%, the report said. ... In the developing world, widespread vaccinations would significantly decrease the 600,000 fatal cases annually of children ...
... the cases of gastroenteritis and diarrhoea have started spreading in the rural areas of Bokaro district. Dozens of cases of ... diarrhoea have been reported from Babugram under Chandankiyari block in the district. A number of patients are being treated ... the cases of gastroenteritis and diarrhoea have started spreading in the rural areas of Bokaro district. Dozens of cases of ... Surge in Diarrhoea cases in Bokaro. Monday, 26 August 2019 , PNS , Bokaro ...
... Arun Kumar Jha,1 Beena Uppal,1 Sanjim ... Coccidian parasites were the most common cause of diarrhea in HIV seropositive cases. C. parvum was seen in 60.42% while ... The present study was conducted to assess the clinical and microbiological spectrum in HIV/AIDS cases with diarrhea and to ... in 2.78%. Pathogen isolation rates were more in HIV seropositive cases and subjects with low CD4 T lymphocyte counts. Regular ...
... the number of diarrhoea patients in and around the capital has gone up steeply this month compared to last month. ... The physician suspected that poor quality of supply water in some city areas might have led to the rise in diarrhoea cases. ... Experts mainly attributed this rise in diarrhoea cases to consumption of unsafe water and food by the people. ... With the arrival of summer, the number of diarrhoea patients in and around the capital has gone up steeply this month compared ...
Ottitis Media and Diarrhea - with follow up and analysis of each, including comparative M.M. ... Homeopath and teacher Petr Zacharias presents two cases - ... Clinical Cases. Two Acute Cases - Otitis Media and Diarrhea. ... Case 2- Acute Diarrhea. Little boy 2 years old with watery diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is aggravated whenever he drinks or eats ... Homeopath and teacher Petr Zacharias presents two cases - Ottitis Media and Diarrhea - with follow up and analysis of each, ...
August 29 As many as 10 cases of diarrhoea were reported from Deep Nagar, Mullanpur, on Wednesday. Residents of the area have ... 10 diarrhoea cases reported in Mullanpur. LUDHIANA: As many as 10 cases of diarrhoea were reported from Deep Nagar, Mullanpur, ... "We got a call from a hospital that many cases of diarrhoea were being reported from the area. We immediately visited the area ... As many as 10 cases of diarrhoea were reported from Deep Nagar, Mullanpur, on Wednesday. ...
from cases of diarrhoea in Iraqi infants and children. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 15 (‎2)‎, 276-284, 2009 ... All 250 children presenting with diarrhoea at 2 teaching hospitals in Mosul, Iraq over a 9-month period were studied for the ... The blood culture was also positive for Y. enterocolitica in 1 case. The antibiogram test for the isolated Yersinia was ...
... diarrhea,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters ... A majority of travelers diarrhea cases among U.S. travelers to Mexico... Noroviruses are known to be a major cause of food and ... A majority of travelers diarrhea cases among U.S. travelers to Mexico and Guatemala were attributed to Norovirus, a common ... Although Norovirus previously has been implicated as a cause of travelers diarrhea among visitors to Mexico, this is the first ...
THERE are concerns over the quality of Bulawayo water as the city recorded an upsurge in diarrhoeal cases from 473 registered ... Byo records surge in diarrhoea cases. 0 May 26, 2020 10:59 AM ... Source: Byo records surge in diarrhoea cases , Newsday (News). ... The post Byo records surge in diarrhoea cases appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe. ... In the latest case, council has been inundated with reports of residents, in particular from Luveve high-density suburb and ...
... investigation was performed on 28 Clostridium difficile strains isolated from 15 antibiotic-associated diarrhea cases and from ... investigation was performed on 28 Clostridium difficile strains isolated from 15 antibiotic-associated diarrhea cases and from ... microscopic investigation of lysogeny of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from antibiotic-associated diarrhea cases and ...
O157:H7 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Associated with Sporadic Cases of Diarrhea in São Paulo, Brazil On This ... In Brazil, STEC infections have been related to sporadic cases of nonbloody diarrhea caused by non-O157 strains (4,5); serotype ... O157:H7 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Associated with Sporadic Cases of Diarrhea in São Paulo, Brazil. Emerg ... O157:H7 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Associated with Sporadic Cases of Diarrhea in São Paulo, Brazil. ...
Buala Hospital in Isabel has recorded its lowest number of diarrhea cases this month, ... the Hospital now records an average of five to six cases of diarrhea, compared to weekly cases of ten to twelve the Hospital ... this month Buala hospital recorded only 25 diarrhea cases this month, compared to 1-hundred and sixty-four cases recorded in ... Buala Hospital in Isabel has recorded its lowest number of diarrhea cases this month, since an outbreak of the disease earlier ...
A few causes of diarrhea are self-limiting after a few days, it stops and the foal is not harmed. ... Fourteen to 50 percent of all foals have diarrhea. ... a case of Diarrhea,. you need to read this.. Help Rescue ... Diarrhea in Horses. Diarrhea is an increase in the water content of the feces and/or. the frequency of defecation. Fourteen to ... have diarrhea. A few causes of diarrhea are self-limiting after a. few days, it stops and the foal is not harmed. However, some ...
Since then, V. parahaemolyticus-associated gastroenteritis cases have gradually increased in prevalence spreading from south to ... Since then, V. parahaemolyticus-associated gastroenteritis cases have gradually increased in prevalence spreading from south to ... more than 1230 cases of gastroenteritis due to pandemic O3:K6 strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) were ... more than 1230 cases of gastroenteritis due to pandemic O3:K6 strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) were ...
If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you dont have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your librarys reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. OK ...
... Posted on November 23, 2016. Author Marie Y. Lemelle, ... Tagged (844) FORCDIF, C Diff Foundation, CDC, Diarrhea, Health Matters, Marie Y. Lemelle, Mayo Clinic, My Glorious Opposite - ... One of the answers is when the pain from diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever is so severe that it lands you in the emergency ... To be blunt, the rapid expansion of the stomach and foods rich in creams, sugar, and fat can cause gas, bloating and diarrhea. ...
Another cruise in the Caribbean, another case of people mass vomiting by the diarrhea-inducing norovirus. Third in a month ( ... Those things are plagued with disaster lately, in case you havent noticed.". I was on a cruise exactly once. It was like 30 ... Who are the dumbasses still signing up to go on a diarrhea cruise? ...
Before we can examine its intricate subtext, Im afraid youll have to go watch this video: [youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtquEZJC6B4[/youtube] Aside from the horn-dog insanity of this method…. ...
Full text, pdf UNICEF Community case management (CCM) increases access to treatment to those beyond the reach of health ... Community case management of diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia: Tracking science to policy and practice in sub-Saharan Africa, ... UNICEF - Community case management of diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia. Posted on December 19, 2012 by WASHplus , Leave a ... Community case management of diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia: Tracking science to policy and practice in sub-Saharan Africa, ...
This study aims to determine the predictors of acute diarrhoea among hospitalized children in the Gaza Governorates. Methods: ... Predictors of Acute Diarrhoea among Hospitalized Children in Gaza Governorates: A Case-Control Study. ... Methods: The case-control design included 140 children (70 cases and 70 controls) in a stratified cluster sample from Naser ... Background and aim: This study aims to determine the predictors of acute diarrhoea among hospitalized children in the Gaza ...
  • A new study examines the efficacy of a new hypotonic oral rehydration solution containing zinc plus the prebiotics fructooligosaccharides and xilooligosaccharides in treating children with acute diarrhea. (contemporarypediatrics.com)
  • Investigators in Italy examined the efficacy of a new hypotonic oral rehydration solution (ORS) containing zinc plus the prebiotics fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and xylooligosaccharides in treating children with acute diarrhea. (contemporarypediatrics.com)
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