Croup: Inflammation involving the GLOTTIS or VOCAL CORDS and the subglottic larynx. Croup is characterized by a barking cough, HOARSENESS, and persistent inspiratory STRIDOR (a high-pitched breathing sound). It occurs chiefly in infants and children.Laryngitis: Inflammation of the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA, including the VOCAL CORDS. Laryngitis is characterized by irritation, edema, and reduced pliability of the mucosa leading to VOICE DISORDERS such as APHONIA and HOARSENESS.Racepinephrine: A racemic mixture of d-epinephrine and l-epinephrine.TracheitisVocal Cords: A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.Vocal Cord Paralysis: Congenital or acquired paralysis of one or both VOCAL CORDS. This condition is caused by defects in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, the VAGUS NERVE and branches of LARYNGEAL NERVES. Common symptoms are VOICE DISORDERS including HOARSENESS or APHONIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Laryngeal Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn: A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Nervous System Physiological Processes: Biological actions and events that constitute the functions of the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult: A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Herpesvirus 1, Gallid: The type species of the genus ILTOVIRUS found on every continent and affecting mainly chickens and occasionally pheasants.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Epiglottitis: Inflammation of the epiglottis.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Hoarseness: An unnaturally deep or rough quality of voice.Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Voice: The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.MassachusettsHospitals, General: Large hospitals with a resident medical staff which provides continuous care to maternity, surgical and medical patients.BostonChild Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.United StatesBudesonide: A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.Adrenal Cortex HormonesIntubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Home Nursing: Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Home Infusion Therapy: Use of any infusion therapy on an ambulatory, outpatient, or other non-institutionalized basis.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Mumps virus: The type species of RUBULAVIRUS that causes an acute infectious disease in humans, affecting mainly children. Transmission occurs by droplet infection.Chickenpox: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Measles virus: The type species of MORBILLIVIRUS and the cause of the highly infectious human disease MEASLES, which affects mostly children.Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Cases of smallpox, cholera, diphtheria, membranous croup. erysipelas, scarlatina or scarlet fever, typhus fever, typhoid fever ... Householders or general practitioners who failed to notify a case of one of these diseases was liable to a fine of up to forty ... These consultants are required to inform the HPA on a weekly basis of each case of a disease that has been notified. The HPA ... Since 1968 clinical suspicion of a notifiable infection is all that is required to report a case of a disease. The attending ...
Report on a case of a child with inflammatory croup. Payne and McConnell "Golding-Bird, Cuthbert Hilton (1848-1939)", Plarr's ... "Case of excessive secretion of the ammonio-magnesium phosphate by the kidneys, with long continued vomiting", The Medical Times ... He realised that at least some cases of poisoning from stoves were due not to carbonic acid, but to some other agent, although ... Although the treatment worked, in that it caused the bladder to empty, Bird suspected in many cases it did so more through fear ...
O'Dwyer is often cited as the "father of laryngeal intubation in croup". Joseph P. O'Dwyer was born on October 12, 1841 in ... The Fell-O'Dwyer Apparatus was widely used in cases of asphyxia, even in those caused by overdosage of anaesthetics. Some of ... 4 July 2015 Sperati, G.; Felisati, D. (December 2007). "Bouchut, O'Dwyer and laryngeal intubation in patients with croup". Acta ... He developed a valuable system of intubation in diphtheria cases. ...
In severe cases, a grey or white patch develops in the throat. This can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup ... "diphtheritic croup", "true croup", or sometimes simply as "croup". Diphtheritic croup is extremely rare in countries where ... In 2015, 4,500 cases were officially reported worldwide, down from nearly 100,000 in 1980. About a million cases a year are ... In 1991, 2,000 cases of diphtheria occurred in the USSR. Because of this outbreak, since 1992, many of the cases reported ...
Householders or general practitioners who failed to notify a case of one of these diseases was liable to a fine of up to forty ... The following diseases were covered by the acts: smallpox, cholera, diphtheria, membranous croup. erysipelas, scarlatina or ... These acts required householders and/or general practitioners to report cases of infectious disease to the local sanitary ...
Their croup is wide, long, and slightly sloping towards the tail. The tail is long, bears thick fir, erected in a form of a ... The chests are scimitar in form, reaching the hocks or slightly longer in some cases. The legs are strong and straight; feet ...
He also developed hardening of the arteries, and a nearly fatal case of croup. Doctors of his day stated he would never reach ...
Rump (croup) Docking (animal) Docking (dog) Coccyx List of surgeries by type Foye PM (2007). "Reasons to delay or avoid ... A study that was published in 2001 covering a total of 702 patients found good or excellent results in 83% of cases. ... Among the patients in the 19 studies with full information, the infection rate was 12%. In most cases the infection was ...
In extreme cases, the procedure may be indicated as a treatment for severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) seen in patients ... In 1852, Bretonneau's student Armand Trousseau reported a series of 169 tracheotomies (158 of which were for croup, and 11 for ... One of these is the first recorded case of a tracheotomy for the removal of a foreign body, in this instance a blood clot in ... While this method has not been proven to help in every case, it has been shown to be an effective alternative for many.[ ...
De la trachéotomie dans le cas de croup (1858, dissertation thesis) - On tracheotomy involving a case of croup. Rapport sur un ...
... and a muscular croup with powerful hindquarters. The croup is often sloping and long, a trait coming from the Irish Draught, ... The high withers of the Thoroughbred are also evident in many cases. The Irish Sport Horse is popular as a competition riding ...
He was one of the first surgeons in Germany to perform tracheotomies for treatment of croup (1848 at Greifswald, five cases). ...
Only in "a rare case" would the courts find that the body of opinion is unreasonable. In this case, the opinion of the expert ... Patrick Bolitho, a two-year-old boy, was suffering from croup. He was admitted into St Bartholomew's Hospital and was placed ... Bolitho v. City and Hackney Health Authority [1996] 4 All ER 771 is an important English tort law case, on the standard of care ... Not a departure at all, established by the Queen's Bench Division in a 1957 case Bolam v. Friern Hospital Management Committee ...
The case of Andrew Davis Hughes, from Emerald Isle, NC is a widely known case in which the patient was improperly intubated and ... 158 of these were performed for the treatment of croup, and 11 were performed for "chronic maladies of the larynx". Between ... In such cases, oxygen is inadvertently administered to the stomach, from where it cannot be taken up by the circulatory system ... Of these 266 cases, 87% of the injuries were temporary, 5% were permanent or disabling, and 8% resulted in death. Difficult ...
One of these is the first recorded case of a tracheotomy for the removal of a foreign body, in this instance a blood clot in ... Bouchut, E (1858). "D'une nouvelle méthode de traitement du croup par le tubage du larynx" [On a new method of treatment for ... In 1949, Macintosh published a case report describing the novel use of a gum elastic urinary catheter as an endotracheal tube ... Bouchut presented this experimental technique along with the results he had achieved in the first seven cases at the French ...
The Largo is the speed form of the gait, with speeds equivalent to that of a canter or in some cases a gallop. Flat walk or ... and there should be no perceptible up and down motion of the horse's croup. The Spanish Jennet can also perform the canter and ...
Acute cases usually occur as part of a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Other infections and trauma such as from ... Other conditions that can produce similar symptoms include epiglottitis, croup, breathing in a foreign body, and laryngeal ... In severe cases of bacterial laryngitis, such as supraglottitis or epiglottitis, there is a higher risk of the airway becoming ... Chronic cases may occur due to smoking, tuberculosis, allergies, acid reflux, rheumatoid arthritis, or sarcoidosis. The ...
Exposition of facts relative to a case of croup (1826) Evidences of the delusions of homoeopathy (1857) both published in Saint ...
During World War II the monument was covered by a case from the boards, filled with bags with sand. In 1987-1988 State museum ... Restorers have opened the hatch on a croup of a horse, surveyed a condition of an internal skeleton, have spent complex ...
In the case of the female Campolina, certain breeders now seek to develop the curvature of the croup and buttocks to balance ... In the case of balanced conformation, the tangents should intersect roughly one inch in front of the ears (in the forward alert ... Dressage horses are preferred to have an "uphill build" where the croup slightly lower than the withers. The tail of this breed ... In evaluating the hindquarters of the Campolina, the croup should be quite full, though not overly muscular except in stallions ...
Inspiratory stridor often occurs in children with croup. It may be indicative of serious airway obstruction from severe ... Audio Breath Sounds - Multiple case studies with audio files of lung sounds. Stridor at eMedicine Congenital stridor at ... 12 h in cases where airway edema may be the cause of the stridor; note that some time (in the range of hours) may be needed for ... in cases where airway edema may be the cause of the stridor. (Nebulized Codeine in a dose not exceeding 3 mg/kg may also be ...
A crop, or croup, is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary tract used for the storage of food prior to digestion. In ... Herbivores have evolved cecums (or an abomasum in the case of ruminants). Ruminants have a fore-stomach with four chambers. ... The nitrogen fixing Rhizobia are an interesting case, wherein conjugative elements naturally engage in inter-kingdom ... especially in the case of roughage. Capybara, rabbits, hamsters and other related species do not have a complex digestive ...
He took his case directly to the Federal government in Washington, D.C. Leading a delegation of two other regional chiefs ( ... He died in Washington on the 24th of December 1824 of the croup in the 60th year of his age. Among his last words were the ... His epitaph, inscribed in upper case letters, reads: Push-ma-ta-ha, a Choctaw chief, lies here. This monument to his memory is ... In December 1824, Pushmataha acquired a viral respiratory infection, then called the croup. He became seriously ill and was ...
The first cases of the infection with HCoV-NL63 were found in young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections ... However, the high frequency of croup is specific to HCoV-NL63 infection. Transmission of HCoV-NL63 is likely through droplet ... While the clinical presentation of the virus can be severe, it has also been found in mild cases of respiratory infection. The ... and croup. An early study investigating children with lower respiratory tract illness, found that HCoV-NL63 was more commonly ...
In more severe cases inhaled epinephrine may also be used. Hospitalization is required in one to five percent of cases. Croup ... Many cases of croup are preventable by immunization for influenza and diphtheria. Croup is usually treated with a single dose ... Croup can be caused by a number of viruses including parainfluenza and influenza virus. Rarely is it due to a bacterial ... Before vaccination, croup was frequently caused by diphtheria and was often fatal. This cause is now very rare in the Western ...
... , also known as laryngotracheobronchitis, is a type of respiratory infection that is usually caused by a virus. The infection leads to swelling inside the trachea, which interferes with normal breathing and produces the classic symptoms of "barking" cough, stridor, and a hoarse voice. Fever and runny nose may also be present. These symptoms may be mild, moderate, or severe. Often it starts or is worse at night. It normally lasts one to two days. Croup can be caused by a number of viruses including parainfluenza and influenza virus. Rarely is it due to a bacterial infection. Croup is typically diagnosed based on signs and symptoms after potentially more severe causes, such as epiglottitis or an airway foreign body, have been ruled out. Further investigations-such as blood tests, X-rays, and cultures-are usually not needed. Many cases of croup are preventable by immunization for influenza ...
... (utawa laringotrakeobronkitis) tegesé infeksi dalan ambegan sing disebabake déning infeksi nemen/parah ing dalan ambegan pérangan ndhuwur. Infeksi mau nyebabaké abuhing gorokan njero. Amarga abuh kaya mangkono, pasien dadi ora bisa ambegan kanthi normal; banjur dadiya gejala Croup ya ikuwatuk sing "njegog" , stridor (mengi sing nganti nyuwara ngik), lan swara sing serak gerok. Gejala Croup bisa entheng, sedhengan, utawa, nemen, lan biyasane tambah nemen nalika wayah bengi. Dosis steroid oral sepisan bisa nambani infeksi mau. Kadhangkala epinefrin uga digunakaké ing kasus-kasus sing luwih nemen. Arang kedadeyane yèn pasien kudu dirumat ing rumah sakit.. Croup didiagnosis adhedhasar kahanan klinis, jalaran gejala sing luwih nemen wis ora dianggo manèh (contoné, epiglottitis utawa barang asing sing nyangkut ing dalan ambegan). Panlesihan bab-bab liyané-kaya ta tes getih, ronsen sinar-X, lan kultur-ora ...
... is a blockage of respiration in the airway. It can be broadly classified into being either in the upper airway or lower airway. Causes of upper airway obstruction include foreign body aspiration, blunt laryngotracheal trauma, penetrating laryngotracheal trauma, tonsillar hypertrophy, paralysis of the vocal cord or vocal fold, acute laryngotracheitis such as viral croup, bacterial tracheitis, epiglottitis, peritonsillar abscess, pertussis, retropharyngeal abscess, spasmodic croup. In basic and advanced life support airway obstructions are often referred to as A-problems. Management of airways relies on both minimal-invasive and invasive techniques. Lower airway obstruction is mainly caused by increased resistance in the bronchioles (usually from a decreased radius of the bronchioles) that reduces the amount of air inhaled in each breath and the oxygen that reaches the pulmonary arteries. It is different from airway restriction (which ...
... or HCoV-NL63 is a species of coronavirus that was identified in late 2004 in a seven-month-old child with bronchiolitis in the Netherlands. Infection with the virus has been confirmed worldwide, and has an association with many common symptoms and diseases. Associated diseases include mild to moderate upper respiratory tract infections, severe lower respiratory tract infection, croup and bronchiolitis. The virus is found primarily in young children, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients with acute respiratory illness. It also has a seasonal association in temperate climates. A study performed in Amsterdam estimated the presence of HCoV-NL63 in approximately 4.7% of common respiratory illnesses. Further studies confirmed that the virus is not an emerging virus, but rather one that continually circulates the human population. The first cases of the infection with HCoV-NL63 were found in young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections ...
The term childhood disease refers to disease that is contracted or becomes symptomatic before the age of 18 years old. Many of these diseases can also be contracted by adults. Some childhood diseases include: Candida albicans infection Candida parapsilosis infection Cytomegalovirus infection diphtheria human coronavirus infection respiratory distress syndrome measles meconium aspiration syndrome metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection Necrotizing enterocolitis Gonorrhea infection of the newborn parainfluenza (PIV) infection pertussis poliomyelitis prenatal Listeria Group B streptoccus infection tetanus Ureaplasma urealyticum infection respiratory Syncytial Virus infection rhinovirus; common cold Cold AIDS Anemia Asthma Bronchiolitis Cancer Candidiasis ("Thrush") Chagas disease Chickenpox Croup Cystic Fibrosis Cytomegalovirus (the virus most frequently transmitted before birth) dental caries Diabetes (Type 1) Diphtheria Duchenne muscular dystrophy Fifth disease Congenital Heart ...
... , an aa kent as adrenaline, is a medication, hormone an neurotransmitter.[3][4] As a medication it is uised for a nummer o condeetions includin: anaphylaxis, cardiac arrest, an superficial bleedin.[1] Inhaled epinephrine mey be uised tae improve the seemptoms o croup.[5] It mey an aa be uised for asthma when ither treatments are nae effective. It is gien intravenously, bi injection intae a muscle, bi inhalation, or bi injection juist unner the skin.[1] ...
The Black Forest Horse, also called the Black Forest cold blood or Schwarzwälder Kaltblut, is a rare draft horse breed originating in southern Germany. Features of the Black Forest Horse include a dark chestnut coat with a flaxen mane and tail, a short head, strong neck, well laid back shoulders, wide croup (hindquarters) and expansive gaits. It stands from 14.2 to 15.3 hands (58 to 63 inches, 147 to 160 cm) and weighs approximately 650 kg. It has very strong hooves and joints. Developed in Germany, today a major center of breeding is the Marbach stud. Black Forest Horses were originally used for work in the forest and pulling carriages and carts. They are good-natured and gentle and recently have become popular riding horses. "Black Forest Horse". Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University. Retrieved 10 November 2010. (German) Black Forest Cold Bloods - History and Stories, Volume I by Thomas Armbruster, Wolf Brodauf and Gerhard Schröder, Schillinger-Verlag, 2007 ...
Lewis Brian Hopkin Jones was born in the Park Nursing Home in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 28 February 1942.[6][7] An attack of croup at the age of four left him with asthma, which lasted for the rest of his life.[7] His middle-class parents, Lewis Blount Jones and Louisa Beatrice Jones (née Simmonds) were of Welsh descent. Brian had two sisters: Pamela, who was born on 3 October 1943 and died on 14 October 1945 of leukemia; and Barbara, born on 22 August 1946.[8] Both Jones' parents were interested in music: his father, Lewis, was a piano teacher in addition to his job as an aeronautical engineer, and his mother, Louisa, played piano and organ and led the choir at the local church.[7] In 1957 Jones first heard Cannonball Adderley's music, which inspired his interest in jazz. Jones persuaded his parents to buy him a saxophone and two years later his parents gave him his first acoustic guitar as a 17th birthday present.[9] Jones attended local schools, including Dean Close ...
The Alentejana is a cattle breed from Portugal. The Alentejana breed has the protected geographical status of DOC (Denominação de Origem Controlada) from the European Commission Forehead - Slightly convex, especially in the transverse direction. Ears - Well set, horizontal and covered with long hairs on its inner surface. Eyes - The flower of the faces. Bevel - Slightly convex, or even straight, and well delineated. Faces - dry, leaving the muzzle posted. Muzzle - Developed, with mirror staining identical to that of other mucosal or slightly pigmented. Neck - In males, is thick, short, horizontal, provided with barb that extends to a large fold from the chin to the cilhadouro, with only a slight slowdown after last the throat area. In females, is much less thick, narrow upper lip and barb less developed. Withers - Medium in width and slightly protruding. Back - Long and moderately wide. Loin or kidney - For wide. Croup - Long, of good width and anterior muscular regularly. ...
Play media Bear Shooters is a 1930 Our Gang short comedy film directed by Robert F. McGowan. It was the 98th (tenth talking) Our Gang short that was released. Spud wants to go camping and shoot lots of bears with Jackie, Chubby, and Farina. But his mother has forced him to look after his little brother Wheezer, who has the croup. In caring for his brother he must periodically apply ointment to his chest. He tells his friends he must stay home and grease Wheezer. He tries to get his sister Mary Ann to do this but she insists on going camping. Spud decides to merely go camping anyway and take both Wheezer and Mary Ann along. The gang all go together in an old dilapidated wagon guided by Dinah The Mule. The trip initially goes smoothly, but after some time two bootleggers who have themselves concealed in the area spot the gang and decide to try to get the gang to leave. One of the bootleggers dresses up like an ape in order to scare the gang away. While he scares the gang, the ...
The Andravida or Eleia Horse is a light draft breed found in the region of Ilia in Greece. It owes its development to the crossing of Anglo-Norman with local breeds with additional crosses of Nonius stallions after 1920. The breed is close to extinction and its stud book was only established in 1995. The members of the breed are predominantly brown, bay, chestnut, red roan, black and occasionally grey, though, this tends to be a rare phenomenon. The head is rectangular in shape - quite unremarkable and plain with long ears and a straight profile. The chest is broad and heavy-set with thick muscles; the back is slightly dipped; the shoulders should be well-sloped and the croup only gently so. The horse's legs should be free of excess hair, very strong and thick with good bone. The breed's temperament is described as willing but strong. The breed is of moderate height ranging between 14 to 16 hands (56 to 64 inches, 142 to 163 cm) high with the average being at around 15 hands ...
... is inflammation of the epiglottis-the flap at the base of the tongue that keeps food from going into the trachea (windpipe). Symptoms are usually rapid in onset and include trouble swallowing which can result in drooling, changes to the voice, fever, and an increased breathing rate. As the epiglottis is in the upper airway, swelling can interfere with breathing. People may lean forward in an effort to open the airway. As the condition worsens stridor and bluish skin may occur. Epiglottitis was historically mostly caused by infection by H. influenzae type b. With vaccination it is now more often caused by other bacteria. Other possible causes include burns and trauma to the area. The most accurate way to make the diagnosis is to look directly at the epiglottis. X-rays of the neck from the side may show a "thumbprint sign" but the lack of this sign does not mean the condition is absent. An effective vaccine, the Hib vaccine, has been available since the 1980s. The antibiotic rifampin ...
Very common (present in greater than 10% of people) adverse effects include colds, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, decreased appetite, low calcium absorption, insomnia, depressed mood, Headache, tingling sensations, weird, painful sensations, dizziness, blurred vision, damage to the cornea, long QT syndrome, high blood pressure, stomach pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, sensitivity to sunlight, rash, acne, dry and itchy skin, nail disorders, protein in urine, kidney stones, weakness, fatigue, pain, and edema.[5] Common (present in between 1% and 10% of people) adverse effects include pneumonia, sepsis, influenza, cystitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, folliculitis, boils, fungal infection, kidney infections, low thyroid hormone levels, low potassium, high calcium levels, hyperglycemia, dehydration, low sodium levels, anxiety, tremor, lethargy, loss of consciousness, balance disorders, changes in sense of taste, visual impairment, halo vision, ...
In more severe cases inhaled epinephrine may also be used. Hospitalization is required in one to five percent of cases. Croup ... Many cases of croup are preventable by immunization for influenza and diphtheria. Croup is usually treated with a single dose ... Croup can be caused by a number of viruses including parainfluenza and influenza virus. Rarely is it due to a bacterial ... Before vaccination, croup was frequently caused by diphtheria and was often fatal. This cause is now very rare in the Western ...
As noted previously, the diagnosis of croup is reliably determined by history and physical examination in most cases. In the ... Toward Optimized Practice (TOP) Working Group for Croup. ).Guideline for the diagnosis and management of croup. Edmonton (AB): ... Croup (laryngitis, laryngotracheitis, spasmodic croup, laryngotracheobronchitis, bacterial tracheitis, and ... the peak incidence of croup typically appears in late fall.2 Annual patterns are also found, with about 50% more cases ...
A temporary surgical opening in the throat, known as a tracheotomy, may be performed in some cases. In this procedure a small ...
In rare cases, your child may need to stay in the hospital to get extra oxygen or other treatment. ... What is croup?. Croup is a common respiratory problem in young children. It tends to occur in the fall and winter. Its main ... What causes croup?. Croup usually occurs a few days after the start of a cold and is usually caused by the same viruses that ... How is croup diagnosed?. Your doctor will probably be able to tell whether your child has croup based on your childs symptoms ...
It is a rare case, however, epiglottitis is an emergency condition as the swollen epiglottis cannot rise and allow the airway ... Difference between Epiglottitis and Croup. by Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN · May 11, 2011 ...
Croup affects young children, and its primary cause isof viral origin. Children suffering from croup have a barking coughwhich ... Physicalfindings of the disease include drooling, tripod position, muffledvoice in 54% of the cases, stridor, fever, ... Theuse of the polysaccharide vaccine and the conjugate vaccine hasconsiderably reduced the number of reported cases of the ... Bacterial tracheitis also presents with symptomssimilar to those of epiglottitis or severe croup. Other conditions tobe ...
Infectious croup; Hemophilus influenzae type B croup. Pediatrics 1948; 2:559.. *Johnson GK, Sullivan JL, Bishop LA. Acute ... Analysis of 129 cases. JAMA 1994; 272:1358.. *Kucera CM, Silverstein MD, Jacobson RM, et al. Epiglottitis in adults and ... Croup and epiglottitis: a radiologic study. Laryngoscope 1985; 95:1159.. *Hafidh MA, Sheahan P, Keogh I, Walsh RM. Acute ... Respirol Case Rep 2017; 5:e00226.. *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Progress toward elimination of ...
Use "croup" in a sentence , "croup" sentence examples Respiratory disorders, cough and hoarseness with painful burning throat. ... Hoarseness; In case of hoarseness, rest the : 3. 35 sentence examples: 1. hoarseness is very common in the winter season. 2. ... Hoarseness; In case of hoarseness, rest the throat without misuse till hoarseness passes. However, there are side effects to ... Advanced stages of croup after Aconite. 22) Back will be powerful, muscular, and level, with drop behind withers and gradual ...
The disease was once most often seen in children ages 2 through 6. In rare cases, epiglottitis can occur in adults. ... Acute inflammatory upper airway obstruction (croup, epiglottitis, laryngitis, and bacterial tracheitis). In: Kliegman RM, ...
Croup is a viral condition that causes swelling around the vocal cords. Its most active in the fall and winter months and ... Treating Croup. Mild Cases. Most cases of croup are effectively treated at home. Doctors and nurses can easily monitor a ... What Causes Croup?. There are several viruses that can cause croup. Many cases come from parainfluenza viruses (the common cold ... Spasmodic Croup. Some children suffer from a recurring, mild case of croup that appears along with the common cold. This type ...
Croup is a common respiratory illness in children that causes a change in breathing with a hoarse voice and a brassy, barking ... Infectious croup is caused by an infection with a virus, bacterium or other germ. In the United States, most cases of croup are ... In Case You Missed It:. 5 natural ways to overcome erectile dysfunction. Can you run as fast as you did when you were 20 years ... In Case You Missed It:. Six steps to cognitive health So how do you keep your brain healthy, stay cognitively fit, and build ...
Most cases of croup are caused by viruses, are mild, and can be treated at home. ... Croup often causes kids to have a loud cough that sounds like a seal barking. ... There are two types of croup, viral croup and spasmodic croup, both of which cause the barking cough. Most cases of croup are ... How Is Croup Treated?. Most cases of croup are mild and can be treated at home. Try to keep your child calm, as crying can make ...
Most cases of croup are caused by viruses, are mild, and can be treated at home. ... Croup often causes kids to have a loud cough that sounds like a seal barking. ... There are two types of croup, viral croup and spasmodic croup, both of which cause the barking cough. Most cases of croup are ... How Is Croup Treated?. Most cases of croup are mild and can be treated at home. Try to keep your child calm, as crying can make ...
Laryngomalacia presenting as recurrent croup in an infant. Case Rep Otolaryngol. 2013. 2013:649203. [Medline]. [Full Text]. ... Drugs & Diseases , Pediatrics: General Medicine , Croup Q&A How should severe respiratory distress or compromise from croup be ... Need a Curbside Consult? Share cases and questions with Physicians on Medscape consult. Share a Case ... 27 years of croup: an update highlighting the effectiveness of 0.15 mg/kg of dexamethasone. Emerg Med Australas. 2009 Aug. 21(4 ...
Croup is due to swelling around the vocal cords. It is common in infants and children. ... Croup is an infection of the upper airways that causes breathing difficulty and a barking cough. ... Croup is most often caused by viruses such as parainfluenza RSV, measles, adenovirus, and influenza. More severe cases of croup ... Most cases of croup can be safely managed at home. However, you should call your provider for advice, even in the middle of the ...
As its alternative names, laryngotracheitis and laryngotracheobronchitis, indicate, croup generally affects the larynx and ... Croup is a common, primarily pediatric viral respiratory tract illness. ... has also been identified in a few cases of croup. [5] Prior to 1970, diphtheria, also known as membranous croup, was a common ... of croup cases, with parainfluenza types 1 and 2, accounting for nearly 66% of cases. Type 3 parainfluenza virus causes ...
Croup is an inflammation of the larynx and trachea in children, recognizable by its distinct cough. Discover about the symptoms ... It is unlikely to cause the breathing difficulties of croup. However, in rare cases, symptoms of croup can occur in teenagers ... Both spasmodic croup and acute croup are more common in children with a family history of croup. The risk of spasmodic croup ... Viral croup is the most common type.. Acute croup is most often caused by a virus, as is recurrent, or spasmodic, croup. They ...
Make research projects and school reports about croup easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Can Croup Be Treated and Prevented?. Mild cases of croup can be treated safely at home. Moist air is especially helpful, and ... Croup Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Croup. Definition. Croup is a common childhood ... Though in the early 2000s cases of croup are normally mild, it can still be dangerous. Croup affects the vocal cords and the ...
... plus youll learn how croup affects adults differently than it does children, and how you can prevent it. ... Is croup contagious? Can children pass it to adults? For how long is it contagious? Well answer these questions, ... In rare rare cases, a bacteria can cause croup. This type of croup is often more severe than viral types. ... Croup is a contagious condition that tends to only affect children. Most cases are caused by a virus. ...
Croup, acute respiratory illness of young children characterized by a harsh cough, hoarseness, and difficult breathing. The ... In some cases, inflammation occurs around the bronchial tree as well.. Viral infections are the most common cause of croup, the ... In cases of severe airway obstruction, hospitalization may be necessary.. Bacterial croup, also called epiglottitis, is a more ... More About Croup. 1 reference found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *incidence in children* In childhood disease ...
In severe cases of croup, or if your child is not breathing well, your child may need to go to the hospital. You can manage ... Croup in Children. What is croup in children?. Croup is a common infection in children. It causes swelling in the upper part of ... The peak time for croup to occur is 2 years old.. What are the symptoms of croup in a child?. The symptoms of croup are not ... What causes croup in a child?. A virus is the most common cause of croup. But the illness may also be caused by bacteria, ...
Most cases are mild. Moderate to severe croup may require treatment with corticosteroids (from which benefits are often delayed ... Croup is a short-term illness that causes upper airways blockages. Croup is common among children aged up to six years, and is ... In one study children with mild croup received either heliox with 30% oxygen; in another study children with moderate croup ... Infectious disease , Respiratory infections , Croup/epiglottitis. Lungs & airways , Respiratory infections , Croup/epiglottitis ...
Childrens Health Queensland is urging parents and carers to learn the signs and symptoms of croup, with emergency ... Home>Media release>Croup cases on the rise as colder temperatures settle in ... with 620 cases reported since the beginning of March. This is an increase of 23 per cent (or 116 cases) from the same period ... "In severe croup, children may need to be given oxygen and may even need to be given Adrenaline via a mask to help open up the ...
There are two types of croup, viral croup and spasmodic croup, both of which cause the barking cough. Most cases of croup are ... How Is Croup Treated?. Most cases of croup are mild and can be treated at home. Try to keep your child calm, as crying can make ... The doctor might order a neck X-ray if the croup is severe and slow to get better after treatment. In cases of croup, an X-ray ... Croup. Article Translations: (Spanish). What Is Croup?. Kids with croup have a virus that makes their airways swell. They have ...
There are two types of croup, viral croup and spasmodic croup, both of which cause the barking cough. Most cases of croup are ... How Is Croup Treated?. Most cases of croup are mild and can be treated at home. Try to keep your child calm, as crying can make ... The doctor might order a neck X-ray if the croup is severe and slow to get better after treatment. In cases of croup, an X-ray ... What Causes Croup?. The same viruses that cause the common cold also cause croup. Most often seen in the fall, croup can affect ...
  • Viral croup or acute laryngotracheitis is most commonly caused by parainfluenza virus (a member of the paramyxovirus family), primarily types 1 and 2, in 75% of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spasmodic croup is caused by the same group of viruses as acute laryngotracheitis, but lacks the usual signs of infection (such as fever, sore throat, and increased white blood cell count). (wikipedia.org)
  • Getting a flu vaccine each year may help your child fight off some of the viruses that can lead to croup. (wellspan.org)
  • Theuse of the polysaccharide vaccine and the conjugate vaccine hasconsiderably reduced the number of reported cases of the infection.Epidemiological studies have placed the annual rate at 0.63 per100000 persons (Ward & Hisley, 2015). (nyschoolofcourtreporting.com)
  • Croup usually occurs a few days after the start of a cold and is usually caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold. (wellspan.org)
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