Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Casein Kinases: A group of protein-serine-threonine kinases that was originally identified as being responsible for the PHOSPHORYLATION of CASEINS. They are ubiquitous enzymes that have a preference for acidic proteins. Casein kinases play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by phosphorylating a variety of regulatory cytoplasmic and regulatory nuclear proteins.Casein Kinase II: A ubiquitous casein kinase that is comprised of two distinct catalytic subunits and dimeric regulatory subunit. Casein kinase II has been shown to phosphorylate a large number of substrates, many of which are proteins involved in the regulation of gene expression.Casein Kinase I: A casein kinase that was originally described as a monomeric enzyme with a molecular weight of 30-40 kDa. Several ISOENZYMES of casein kinase I have been found which are encoded by separate genes. Many of the casein kinase I isoenzymes have been shown to play distinctive roles in intracellular SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.Casein Kinase Iepsilon: A casein kinase I isoenzyme with specificity for proteins involved the regulation of the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.Casein Kinase Idelta: A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a regulatory role in a variety of cellular functions including vesicular transport, CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION; CYTOKINESIS, developmental processes, and the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.Casein Kinase Ialpha: A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY, the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase I alpha exist and are due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Vegetable Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from vegetables or vegetable products used as food. The concept is distinguished from PLANT PROTEINS which refers to non-dietary proteins from plants.Protein Kinases: A family of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of ATP and a protein to ADP and a phosphoprotein.Protein HydrolysatesPhosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Milk Proteins: The major protein constituents of milk are CASEINS and whey proteins such as LACTALBUMIN and LACTOGLOBULINS. IMMUNOGLOBULINS occur in high concentrations in COLOSTRUM and in relatively lower concentrations in milk. (Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p554)Abomasum: The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Mammary Glands, Animal: MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Lactalbumin: A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases: A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Serine: A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from GLYCINE or THREONINE. It is involved in the biosynthesis of PURINES; PYRIMIDINES; and other amino acids.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Protein Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)PhosphopeptidesPhosvitin: An egg yolk phosphoglycoprotein which contains about 90% of the yolk protein phosphorus. It is synthesized in the liver of the hen and transferred to the developing oocyte, where it is bound to lipoproteins within the yolk granules.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Dichlororibofuranosylbenzimidazole: An RNA polymerase II transcriptional inhibitor. This compound terminates transcription prematurely by selective inhibition of RNA synthesis. It is used in research to study underlying mechanisms of cellular regulation.Peptide Mapping: Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Milk Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to milk (usually cow's milk) or milk products. MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY should be differentiated from LACTOSE INTOLERANCE, an intolerance to milk as a result of congenital deficiency of lactase.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.PhosphoproteinsMicelles: Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.Casein Kinases: A group of protein-serine-threonine kinases that was originally identified as being responsible for the PHOSPHORYLATION of CASEINS. They are ubiquitous enzymes that have a preference for acidic proteins. Casein kinases play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by phosphorylating a variety of regulatory cytoplasmic and regulatory nuclear proteins.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Casein Kinase II: A ubiquitous casein kinase that is comprised of two distinct catalytic subunits and dimeric regulatory subunit. Casein kinase II has been shown to phosphorylate a large number of substrates, many of which are proteins involved in the regulation of gene expression.Calcium Phosphates: Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Milk, HumanFood Hypersensitivity: Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Casein Kinase I: A casein kinase that was originally described as a monomeric enzyme with a molecular weight of 30-40 kDa. Several ISOENZYMES of casein kinase I have been found which are encoded by separate genes. Many of the casein kinase I isoenzymes have been shown to play distinctive roles in intracellular SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.Milk Proteins: The major protein constituents of milk are CASEINS and whey proteins such as LACTALBUMIN and LACTOGLOBULINS. IMMUNOGLOBULINS occur in high concentrations in COLOSTRUM and in relatively lower concentrations in milk. (Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p554)Protein HydrolysatesLactalbumin: A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.Lactoglobulins: Globulins of milk obtained from the WHEY.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Glutens: Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Gliadin: Simple protein, one of the prolamines, derived from the gluten of wheat, rye, etc. May be separated into 4 discrete electrophoretic fractions. It is the toxic factor associated with CELIAC DISEASE.Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Diet, Gluten-Free: A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.PaintingsChromosome Painting: A technique for visualizing CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS using fluorescently labeled DNA probes which are hybridized to chromosomal DNA. Multiple fluorochromes may be attached to the probes. Upon hybridization, this produces a multicolored, or painted, effect with a unique color at each site of hybridization. This technique may also be used to identify cross-species homology by labeling probes from one species for hybridization with chromosomes from another species.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Egg Yolk: Cytoplasm stored in an egg that contains nutritional reserves for the developing embryo. It is rich in polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins.Medicine in ArtPaintPlastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Spin Labels: Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gels: Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.Serum: The clear portion of BLOOD that is left after BLOOD COAGULATION to remove BLOOD CELLS and clotting proteins.Spin Trapping: A technique for detecting short-lived reactive FREE RADICALS in biological systems by providing a nitrone or nitrose compound for an addition reaction to occur which produces an ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY-detectable aminoxyl radical. In spin trapping, the compound trapping the radical is called the spin trap and the addition product of the radical is identified as the spin adduct. (Free Rad Res Comm 1990;9(3-6):163)Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Cataloging: Activities performed in the preparation of bibliographic records for CATALOGS. It is carried out according to a set of rules and contains information enabling the user to know what is available and where items can be found.Catalogs, LibraryFamous PersonsHistory, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Book Classification: A general term covering bibliographical and bibliothecal classifications. It mostly refers to library CLASSIFICATION for arrangement of books and documents on the shelves. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p85)Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Databases, Protein: Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.Protein Kinases: A family of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of ATP and a protein to ADP and a phosphoprotein.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Sequence Analysis, Protein: A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Medical Missions, Official: Travel by a group of physicians for the purpose of making a special study or undertaking a special project of short-term duration.Oocyte Donation: Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Missions and Missionaries: To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Tissue and Organ Procurement: The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Muscle Proteins: The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Jupiter: The fifth planet in order from the sun. It is one of the five outer planets of the solar system. Its sixteen natural satellites include Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, and Io.Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Dietetics: The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha: Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.Interleukin-1: A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.GTP-Binding Proteins: Regulatory proteins that act as molecular switches. They control a wide range of biological processes including: receptor signaling, intracellular signal transduction pathways, and protein synthesis. Their activity is regulated by factors that control their ability to bind to and hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-.Antibody Specificity: The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Casein Kinase Iepsilon: A casein kinase I isoenzyme with specificity for proteins involved the regulation of the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Casein Kinase Ialpha: A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY, the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase I alpha exist and are due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type I: A cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase subtype that is expressed in SMOOTH MUSCLE tissues and plays a role in regulation of smooth muscle contraction. Two isoforms, PKGIalpha and PKGIbeta, of the type I protein kinase exist due to alternative splicing of its mRNA.Casein Kinase Idelta: A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a regulatory role in a variety of cellular functions including vesicular transport, CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION; CYTOKINESIS, developmental processes, and the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.Heartwater Disease: A tick-borne septicemic disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by EHRLICHIA RUMINANTIUM.Ehrlichia ruminantium: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the family ANAPLASMATACEAE, that causes HEARTWATER DISEASE in ruminants.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Reindeer: A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Stanford-Binet Test: An individual intelligence test designed primarily for school children to predict school performance and the ability to adjust to everyday demands.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Endorphins: One of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides. They are large peptides derived from the PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN precursor. The known members of this group are alpha-, beta-, and gamma-endorphin. The term endorphin is also sometimes used to refer to all opioid peptides, but the narrower sense is used here; OPIOID PEPTIDES is used for the broader group.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Celiac Disease: A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.Cookbooks as Topic: Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.CookbooksTracheoesophageal Fistula: Abnormal passage between the ESOPHAGUS and the TRACHEA, acquired or congenital, often associated with ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA.Dermatitis Herpetiformis: Rare, chronic, papulo-vesicular disease characterized by an intensely pruritic eruption consisting of various combinations of symmetrical, erythematous, papular, vesicular, or bullous lesions. The disease is strongly associated with the presence of HLA-B8 and HLA-DR3 antigens. A variety of different autoantibodies has been detected in small numbers in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis.Diet Therapy: By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).Avena sativa: A plant species of the family POACEAE that is widely cultivated for its edible seeds.Milk Substitutes: Food BEVERAGES that are used as nutritional substitutes for MILK.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Legislation, Veterinary: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.PortraitsGold: A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.Parenteral Nutrition: The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).Parenteral Nutrition, Total: The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.Enteral Nutrition: Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Muscle Cramp: A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.Cultured Milk Products: Milk modified with controlled FERMENTATION. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KAFFIR CORN.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Dystonic Disorders: Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.

Difference between mammary epithelial cells from mature virgin and primiparous mice. (1/2228)

Mammary epithelial cells from mature virgin mice are similar to those from primiparous mice in several respects. However, there is one known difference. The cells from the mature virgin must traverse the cell cycle in order to become competent to make casein and enzymatically active alpha-lactalbumin in vitro; those from the primiparous animal can make these proteins without first traversing the cycle. In this regard, cells from human placental lactogen- and prolactin-treated mature virgins are, after involution, similar to those from primiparous mice. The developemental block in the cells from the mature virgin, imposed by preventing cell cycle traversal, has been partially delineated. It does not appear to reside at the levels of ultrastructural maturation or the formation of casein messenger RNA. Rather, the lesion is postranscriptional and may be at the level of translation, or posttranslational modification, or both.  (+info)

Receptor clearance obscures the magnitude of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor responses in mice to endotoxin or local infections. (2/2228)

Marrow cells from mice lacking high-affinity receptors for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF; betac-/- mice) were shown to bind and internalize much less GM-CSF than cells from normal (betac+/+) mice. betac-/- mice were used to determine the effect of negligible receptor-mediated clearance on detectible GM-CSF responses to the intravenous injection of endotoxin or the intraperitoneal injection of casein plus microorganisms. Unlike the minor serum GM-CSF responses to endotoxin seen in betac+/+ mice, serum GM-CSF levels rose 30-fold to 9 ng/mL in betac-/- mice even though loss of GM-CSF in the urine was greater than in betac+/+ mice. Organs from betac-/- and betac+/+ mice had a similar capacity to produce GM-CSF in vitro, as did peritoneal cells from both types of mice when challenged in vitro by casein. However, when casein was injected intraperitoneally, betac-/- mice developed higher and more sustained levels of GM-CSF than did betac+/+ mice. The data indicated that receptor-dependent removal of GM-CSF masks the magnitude of GM-CSF responses to endotoxin and local infections. Because of this phenomenon, serum GM-CSF concentrations can be a misleading index of the occurrence or nonoccurrence of GM-CSF responses to infections.  (+info)

Enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis is associated with increased expression of the mitochondrial ATP-dependent Lon protease. (3/2228)

Rats bearing the Zajdela hepatoma tumor and T3-treated hypothyroid rats were used to study the role of protein degradation in the process of mitochondrial biogenesis. It was shown that the activity, protein and mRNA levels of the ATP-dependent Lon protease increased in rapidly growing Zajdela hepatoma cells. The increase in the rate of mitochondrial biogenesis by thyroid hormone was similarly accompanied by enhanced expression of the Lon protease. The results imply that mitochondrial biogenesis in mammalian cells is, at least partially, regulated by the matrix Lon protease.  (+info)

Met-HGF/SF mediates growth arrest and differentiation in T47D breast cancer cells. (4/2228)

Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) is a pluripotent growth factor that exerts mitogenic, motogenic, and morphogenic effects. To elucidate the cellular mechanisms underlying the pluripotent function of this growth factor, T47D human breast cancer cells were transfected with human hgf/sf. The hgf/sf-positive clones exhibited different levels of biologically functional HGF/SF expression and up-regulation of endogenous Met (HGF/SF receptor) expression. In addition, a constitutive phosphorylation of the receptor on tyrosine residues was detected, establishing a Met-HGF/SF autocrine loop. The autocrine activation of Met caused marked inhibition in cell growth accompanied by cell accumulation at G0/G1. These cells underwent terminal cell differentiation as determined by morphological changes, synthesis of milk proteins such as beta-casein and alpha-lactalbumin, and production of lipid vesicles. Our results demonstrate that Met-HGF/SF, an oncogenic signal transduction pathway, is capable of inducing growth arrest and differentiation in certain breast cancer cells and, thus, may have potential as therapeutic and/or prognostic tools in breast cancer treatment.  (+info)

Lipoprotein(a) and dietary proteins: casein lowers lipoprotein(a) concentrations as compared with soy protein. (5/2228)

BACKGROUND: Substitution of soy protein for casein in the diet decreases LDL cholesterol and increases HDL cholesterol. How the 2 proteins affect lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of dietary soy protein and casein on plasma Lp(a) concentrations. DESIGN: Nine normolipidemic men were studied initially while consuming their habitual, self-selected diets, and then, in a crossover design, while consuming 2 liquid-formula diets containing either casein or soy protein. The dietary periods lasted 45 d (n = 7) or 33 d (n = 2). Fasting total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and Lp(a) concentrations were measured throughout. RESULTS: After 30 d of each diet, the mean concentration of Lp(a) was not significantly different after the soy-protein and self-selected diets. However, Lp(a) decreased by an average of 50% (P < 0.001) after the casein diet as compared with concentrations after both the soy-protein and self-selected diets. Two weeks after subjects switched from the self-selected to the soy-protein diet, Lp(a) increased by 20% (P = 0.065), but subsequently decreased to baseline. In contrast, the switch to the casein diet did not cause an increase in Lp(a), but instead a continuing decrease in mean concentrations to 65% below baseline (P < 0.0002). Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol were significantly lower > or =30 d after both the casein and soy-protein diets than after the self-selected diet (P < 0.001). HDL cholesterol was 11% higher after the soy-protein diet than after the casein diet (P < 0.002), but LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triacylglycerol were not significantly different after the casein and soy-protein diets. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that soy protein may have an Lp(a)-raising effect, potentially detrimental to its use in antiatherogenic diets.  (+info)

The adsorption-induced secondary structure of beta-casein and of distinct parts of its sequence in relation to foam and emulsion properties. (6/2228)

Changes in the secondary structure upon adsorption of beta-casein (betaCN) and of distinct parts of its sequence were investigated by far-ultraviolet circular dichroism in order to find suggested relationships with foam and emulsion-forming and -stabilising properties of the same protein/peptides. A teflon/water interface was used as a model system for foam and emulsion interfaces. The maximum surface loads of beta-casein and its derived peptides were investigated. The main secondary structure element of all samples in solution was the unordered random coil, but upon adsorption ordered structure, especially alpha-helix, was induced. At lower pH more ordered structure was induced, just as at lower ionic strength. Apparently, both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups influence the change of secondary structure induced at a hydrophobic interface. The results suggest that the hydrophobic C-terminal half of betaCN accounted for the high maximum surface load on teflon, while the N-terminal half of betaCN seemed to be responsible for the secondary structure induction upon adsorption. A relation between the maximum surface load and the foam-stabilising properties was found, but an influence of the secondary structure properties on the foam and emulsion-forming and -stabilising properties was not observed.  (+info)

Guinea-pig milk-protein synthesis. Isolation and characterization of messenger ribonucleic acids from lactating mammary gland and identification of caseins and pre-alpha-lactalbumin as translation products in heterologous cell-free systems. (7/2228)

1. The major milk proteins synthesized by the lactating mammary gland of the guinea pig were identified and designated as caseins A, B and C and alpha-lactalbumin, with estimated mol.wts. of 28000, 25500, 20500 and 14500 respectively. 2. Antisera to the total casein fraction and to alpha-lactalbumin were prepared from rabbits. The milk proteins were also iodinated with either 131I or 125I. 3. A poly(A)-rich RNA fraction was isolated from lactating guinea-pig mammary glands. Isolation was by affinity chromatography on oligo(dT)-cellulose. 4. Examination of this RNA fraction by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels containing formamide indicated three major species 1, 2 and 3, with estimated wol.wts. of 5.4 X 10(5) and 3.3 X 10(5), and the apparent absence of rRNA species. 5. The poly(A)-rich RNA stimulated protein synthesis in heterologous cell-free systems based on wheat germ, Krebs II ascites-tumour cells, and the latter supplemented with an initiation factor-3 fraction from rabbit reticulocyte ribosomes. 6. Between 80 and 90% of the protein synthesis directed by the mRNA was for milk proteins. 7. Analysis of the proteins immunoprecipitated by the alpha-lactalbumin antiserum showed in the wheat-germ system that the product was a protein with a molecular weight greater than that of alpha-lactalbumin, whereas in the ascites-tumour-cell systems both this protein and alpha-lactalbumin were found. When the larger protein was treated with CNBr and the resulting peptides were examined, it was shown that the extra peptide was at the N-terminus. This and other evidence is adduced for the initial translation product of alpha-lactalbumin being a precursor with an addition of about ten amino acids at the N-terminus. 8. Similar analysis of the casein immlnospecific proteins produced under the direction of mRNA indicated that the products had a molecular weight that was apparently a littel smaller than that of the caseins synthesized in vivo. This was not consistent with higher-molecular weight casein precursors. 9. Possible explanations for the results obtained are discussed, especially in terms of the physiological significance of the pre-alpha-lactalbumin as a secretory protein.  (+info)

Colchicine inhibition of the first phase of amyloid synthesis in experimental animals. (8/2228)

Colchicine was found to inhibit the first phase of casein-induced synthesis of murine amyloid. When mice were treated with colchicine during the first 7 days of an amyloid induction regimen or when colchicine was given to the donor mice in a transfer model, the amyloidogenic stimulus of casein was blocked completely. Amyloid synthesis was however, not interrupted by the administration of colchicine during the last 7 days of the casein regimen nor by colchicine treatment of recipient mice in a transfer model.  (+info)

*Casein

Dairy K-Casein Milk skin Kunz, C; Lonnerdal, B (1990). "Human-milk proteins: analysis of casein and casein subunits by anion- ... "Industrial Casein". National Casein Company. Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. "Casein". The Columbia Electronic ... Casein has a wide variety of uses, from being a major component of cheese, to use as a food additive. As a food source, casein ... Casein paint is a fast-drying, water-soluble medium used by artists. Casein paint has been used since ancient Egyptian times as ...

*K-Casein

... (or Kappa-casein, k casein, kappa casein) is a mammalian milk protein involved in a number of important physiological ... InterPro: IPR000117 Kappa casein Fluorescein Thiocarbamoyl-Kappa-Casein Assay for the Specific Testing of Milk-Clotting ... All these methods use casein as the substrate to quantify proteolytic or milk-clotting activities. K-casein labeled with the ... All 3 models consider micelles as colloidal particles formed by casein aggregates wrapped up in soluble κ-casein molecules. ...

*Casein kinases

... may refer to: Casein kinase 1, serine/threonine-selective protein kinase family Casein kinase 2, a serine/ ...

*Casein kinase 2

... (EC 2.7.11.1)(CK2/CSNK2) is a serine/threonine-selective protein kinase that has been implicated in cell cycle ... CSNK2A1 CSNK2A2 Casein kinase 1 - a distinct protein kinase family Ahmad KA, Wang G, Unger G, Slaton J, Ahmed K (2008). " ... Casein kinase 2 activity has been reported to be activated following Wnt signaling pathway activation. A Pertussis toxin- ... Gao Y, Wang HY (2006). "Casein kinase 2 Is activated and essential for Wnt/beta-catenin signaling". The Journal of Biological ...

*Casein nutrient agar

... (CN) is a growth medium used to culture isolates of lactic acid bacteria such as Streptococcus ... Lactic Acid Bacteria will precipitate casein out of the agar by lowering the pH. This will produce a cloudy appearance around ... It is composed of standard nutrient agar with the added ingredient of skim milk powder, which contains casein. ...

*Casein kinase 1

The type 1 casein kinase family of related gene products are now given designations such as "casein kinase 1 alpha" and "casein ... Casein kinase 2 - a distinct protein kinase family Eide EJ, Virshup DM (2001). "Casein kinase I: Another cog in the circadian ... In plants the phosphorylation of protein Jade-1 is regulated by casein kinase 1. In humans there are three casein kinase 1 ... A noncanonical sequence phosphorylated by casein kinase 1 in -catenin may play a role in casein kinase 1 targeting of important ...

*Casein kinase 2, alpha 1

Casein kinase II subunit alpha is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CSNK2A1 gene. Casein kinase II is a serine/ ... Casein kinase 2, alpha 1 has been shown to interact with: APC, ATF1, ATF2, C-Fos, C-jun, CDC25B, CHEK1, CREBBP, CSNK2B, DDIT3, ... "Entrez Gene: CSNK2A1 casein kinase 2, alpha 1 polypeptide". Homma MK, Li D, Krebs EG, Yuasa Y, Homma Y (April 2002). " ... Yang-Feng TL, Zheng K, Kopatz I, Naiman T, Canaani D (February 1992). "Mapping of the human casein kinase II catalytic subunit ...

*Gluten-free, casein-free diet

Gluten-free casein-free diet (GFCF diet), also known as gluten-free dairy-free diet (GFDF diet), is a diet that does not ... Casein is found in dairy products such as milk, butter or cheese, but is also present in smaller amounts in many substitute ... On this basis, Reichelt and others have proposed a gluten-free casein-free (GFCF) diet for sufferers of autism to minimize the ... The implementation of a GFCF diet involves removing all sources of gluten and casein from a person's diet. Gluten is found in ...

*Casein kinase 1 isoform epsilon

Casein kinase 1 epsilon, and related casein kinase 1 delta, is dephosphorylated in this pathway. Dephospho rylation of casein ... The current theory for how casein kinase 1 epsilon and/or casein kinase 1 delta function in this pathway is that both casein ... Like other casein kinase 1 protein family members, casein kinase 1 epsilon recognizes the Ser(p)XXSer/Thr motif for ... Casein kinase 1 epsilon and casein kinase 1 delta have been implicated in increasing β-catenin's stability in the cytoplasm, ...

*Casein kinase 1, alpha 1

Casein kinase I isoform alpha is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CSNK1A1 gene. Casein kinase 1, alpha 1 has been ... Zhang Y, Qiu WJ, Chan SC, Han J, He X, Lin SC (May 2002). "Casein kinase I and casein kinase II differentially regulate axin ... Veis A, Sfeir C, Wu CB (1998). "Phosphorylation of the proteins of the extracellular matrix of mineralized tissues by casein ... Casein kinase 1 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000113712 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000024576 ...

*Algimantas Bučys

Lithuanian case). - In: Algimantas Bučys. Seniausioji lietuvių literatūra. Mindaugo epocha. - Vilnius, 2009, p.373 The life of ...

*CSN2

Sood SM, Slatter CW (2003). "Suspension of the calcium-sensitive human beta-caseins by human kappa-casein". J. Dairy Sci. 85 (6 ... 2007). "Reconstituted micelle formation using reduced, carboxymethylated bovine kappa-casein and human beta-casein". Protein J ... Beta-casein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CSN2 gene. It is in the class of phosphoproteins and generally occurs ... "Entrez Gene: CSN2 casein beta". Human CSN2 genome location and CSN2 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. Letwin K, ...

*Sour cream

There are four main classes of caseins; β-caseins, α(s1)-caseins, α(s2)-casein and κ-caseins. These casein proteins form a ... The casein micelle are the aggregates of β-caseins, α(s1)-caseins, α(s2)-caseins, that are coated with κ-caseins. The proteins ... caseins, α(s2)-caseins from precipitating out in the presence of excess calcium ions. Casein micelles are not heat sensitive ... The formation of casein molecules into the micelle is very unusual due to β-caseins large amount of propyl residues (the ...

*Milk allergy

Six major allergenic proteins from cow's milk have been identified: αs1-, αs2-, β-, and κ-casein from casein proteins and α- ... For example, "casein (milk)". Dairy food listing is mandatory in the European Union and more than a dozen other countries. The ... Some examples are casein, caseinates (any form: calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, etc.), curd, ghee, lactalbumin, ...

*List of raw materials used in button-making

... casein (NBS name: casein) lucite melamine formaldehyde (NBS name: amino resin) phenolic resin (NBS name: phenolic or bakelite ... 3] [4] Morrell, George (2010). "1935 - Making Casein Buttons". Sampling One Hundred Years of Button Patents. Georgia, USA: ...

*Horotiu

"CASEIN FACTORY AT HOROTIU. (King Country Chronicle, 1919-01-28)". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz National Library of New Zealand. ... The area has long been associated with dairying, a casein factory having opened in 1919. AFFCO has long been involved with ...

*Protein bar

Other protein sources include egg albumen protein and casein, which is typically known as the slow digestive component of milk ... Kurtis, Frank,; Kamal, Patel,; Gregory, Lopez,; Bill, Willis, (2017-04-29). "Casein Protein Research Analysis". Examine.com. " ...

*Jeff Chapman-Crane

He also explored casein. Along with watercolor, casein comprised most of Chapman-Crane's earlier professional pieces. He later ... Chapman-Crane, Jeff (October 1986). "Capturing Personalities in Casein". American Artist. 50 (531). "American ARTIST October ... along with his instructions for painting with casein. Chapman-Crane's art has been used in two activist campaigns. During a ... developed an allergy to casein, which prompted him to replace those paints with egg-tempera. He was initially remiss to use ...

*Cheese analogue

The most common is casein,... (subscription required). ...

*CSN3 (gene)

Sood SM, Slatter CW (2003). "Suspension of the calcium-sensitive human beta-caseins by human kappa-casein". J. Dairy Sci. 85 (6 ... Kappa-casein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CSN3 gene. CSN3 (gene) has been shown to interact with EIF3S6. ... "Entrez Gene: CSN3 casein kappa". Hoareau Alves, Karine; Bochard Valérie; Réty Stéphane; Jalinot Pierre (Sep 2002). "Association ... Brignon G, Chtourou A, Ribadeau-Dumas B (1985). "Preparation and amino acid sequence of human kappa-casein". FEBS Lett. 188 (1 ...

*Pizza cheese

Some analogue types are made with casein, a by-product of milk, and vegetable oil, rather than milk fat. Casein-based ... The most common is casein,... Gunasekaran, Sundaram; Mehmet Ak, M. (2003). Cheese Rheology and Texture. CRC Press. p. 288. ISBN ...

*F. Curtis Dohan

... casein-free diet 5. Causes of schizophrenia 6. Coeliac disease 7. Gluten sensitivity 8. Gluten-sensitive enteropathy associated ...

*Gertrude Perlmann

CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Perlmann, G. E. (1954). "Phosphorus linkages in alpha-casein". Nature. 174 (4423 ...

*EEF1B2

Phosphorylation by casein kinase II". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1264 (3): 303-11. doi:10.1016/0167-4781(95)00166-2. PMID ...

*Casin

Asturian Mountain cattle breed Casein. ...
Post a Comment for Effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate containing paste on dental caries prevention in young children ...
Learn about Casein Protein from our introduction video & information guide. We have the largest list of Casein Protein Powder by the top brands! Get the best Casein Protein Powder at Bodybuilding.com!
Looking for Casein protein? Find out information about Casein protein. well-defined group of proteins found in milk, constituting about 80% of the proteins in cows milk, but only 40% in human milk. Casein is a remarkably... Explanation of Casein protein
Find and save ideas about Casein protein on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Casein protein powder, Egg protein powder and Protein powder recipes.
Learn how many calories in Optimum Nutrition 100% Casein Protein. Get all Optimum Nutrition 100% Casein Protein nutritional information - Optimum Nutrition 100% Casein Protein calories, protein, fat, carbs and more. Its Free.
Often, people equate protein supplements - whether they are whey or casein protein - with gaining weight. The truth, however, is that when theyre used correctly, these products can also help you to lose body fat while preserving muscle mass.. Whether youre a bodybuilder on a cut or just looking to get ripped for the summer, protein powders can help. Specifically, though, casein appears to have some unique benefits. But how exactly does casein protein improve body composition?. The Science. Fairly convincing evidence - and some explanations - can be found in a 2009 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The study gave 24 healthy subjects two diets, consisting of either 25 percent or 10 percent protein. Both diets used casein as the sole protein source.. For 36 hours, while following these diets, the subjects stayed in respiration chambers so that the team could measure their energy expenditure, hunger levels and macronutrient use.. Increasing the casein to 25 percent ...
Casein Protein list and information including what is Casein Protein, health benefits and usage indications. Find articles and product list for other top low-carb products, fat-burners, nutrition bars and shakes.
Casein Protein list and information including what is Casein Protein, health benefits and usage indications. Find articles and product list for other top low-carb products, fat-burners, nutrition bars and shakes.
Casein micelle image from Dalgleish, D. G., P. Spagnuolo and H. D. Goff. 2004. A possible structure of the casein micelle based on high-resolution field-emission scanning electron microscopy. International Dairy Journal. 14: 1025-1031. This micelle is 120 nm in diameter.. There have been many models developed over the years to explain the structure of the casein micelle, based on all of the information available about its composition and reactivity. The casein sub-micelle model was prominent for many years, but there is sufficient evidence now to conclude that there is not a defined sub-micellar structure to the micelle at all. More recent models suggest a more open structure comprised of aggregates of protein around calcium phosphate nanoclusters. Each of the casein proteins has unique abilitites to either bind with CaP or with other caseins, which gie rise to the aggregates. The nanoclusters provide regions of more or less density. The structure is sufficiently porous to hold a considrable ...
Moreover, the UHT treatment of milk causes structural changes in its protein system. The main change is the denaturation of whey proteins and their interaction with casein micelles. Consequently, it was expected that the behavior of the UHT milk would be similar to that of casein micelles, as observed with native casein. However, it has been shown that the interaction between casein micelles and whey proteins is also accompanied by a large increase in number of very small, soluble particles resulting from the desegregation of casein micelles. Consequently, by weakening the interaction forces between caseins, heat treatment provokes both a loss of the micelle framework and the formation of small aggregates. Correlatively, an increase in the amount of nonsedimentable casein has been observed in UHT milk following high-speed centrifugation (33). Two effects of these changes on milk properties may be softer coagulation and a higher susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis due to loosening of the ...
Many people use protein powders like whey protein, but dont sleep on casein protein. slower-acting protein source has many of the same benefits as whey.
Sometimes slower is better - especially when it comes to the rate of protein digestion. While rapid protein absorption is desirable immediately before or after exercise, delayed release is probably more beneficial throughout the remainder of the day.. Casein proteins are pH sensitive and gel in the acidic environment of the stomach. As a result, it can take more than twice as long for caseins to be broken-down into their amino acid subcomponents than whey and other proteins. Because of their unique time-released qualities, caseins are aptly described as anti-catabolic or muscle-protecting proteins.. Features. ...
Save 28% Optimum Nutrition - Gold Standard 100% Casein Chocolate Peanut Butter 2 Pounds 100% Casein Gold Standard Premium Micellar Casein Protein 100% Protein from Micellar Casein Slow Digesting 24g Protein 9g Essential Amino Acids 1g Sugar The True Strength of Casein Faster digesting protein is desirable immediately before and after exercise to help refuel recovering muscles, but slow digestion and absorption may be more beneficial at other times -- including bedtime when your body typically goes for hours without food Casein proteins are acid sensitive and thicken in the stomach. Compared to some other proteins, it can take more than twice as long for our Gold Standard 100% Casein to be broken down into its amino acid subcomponents. By using only premium micellar casein as a protein source, weve created a formula that sets the standard for slow digesting protein support. Beyond The Basics Best Selling Micellar Casein Nearly 73% Protein by Weight (24g of Protein per 34g Serving Size) 24g of Slow
Middle East And Africa Casein Protein Market By Application (Food And Beverages, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, Industrial And Other Applications), By Product (Industrial Casein And Edible Casein) And By Region - Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecasts (2016-2021)
Casein protein in a nutshell is protein that instead of acting immediately acts over time. Unlike Whey protein which is the common one found everywhere, casein releases protein nutrients over a period of time. Why is this beneficial? Well, guess what, we humans need to sleep every single night and what happens when we sleep is that our bodies enter a state where we lose consciousness but our systems continue to operate even if only at 70%. I always liken this to a computers "Stand By" mode ...
Universal Nutrition Casein Protein can make our building blocks of muscle tissue. It is a complete protein that contains all 9 essential amino acids that help in keeping your body fit. One serving of 30 grams is enough for gain 100% whey protein at one time ...
The Effects of Pre- and Post-Exercise Whey vs. Casein Protein Consumption on Body Composition and Performance Measures in Collegiate Female Athletes
1 scoop of Chocolate Casein Protein (GNC) 10 g powdered peanut butter (Costco) ~1/2 cup unsweetened almond or cashew milk (Grocery Store) Sprinkle of stevia (optional) Add all dry ingredients to a bowl and then slowly add milk while stirring. You can get it to your desired consistency. Less milk =more like cookie dough, more…
Proteins contained in milk are a common cause of food allergies, particularly in infants. It is believed that casein proteins in the milk are the...
The slow absorption feature gives the ability to provide the body with protein for up to 8 hours and alkaline optimum protein. Casein protein for weight loss? yes, it is very helpful to lose your weight ...
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , ICL \ anti_Bovine Casein \ SCAS-10A for more molecular products just contact us
Caseinates are used as sources of protein for nutrition. Besides their nutrient value, casein proteins have many other uses. They are good emulsifiers, helping fats to stay suspended in water based products such as milkshakes, coffee creamers, and ice creams. They are used as binders in processed meats (lunchmeats, sausages, etc.). Caseins are used in wine-making to clarify the wine, by causing fine particles to coagulate with the protein so they can be easily filtered out or precipitated. Casein proteins were one of the first plastics, and they are still in use for this purpose. Thin plastic films of casein can be made by adding glycerol or sorbitol as a plasticizer, a substance that lowers the temperature at which a plastic softens, and makes it more pliable. Caseins are used as food colors, where they make a nice opaque white color, which can then be tinted with other colors as required. ...
 The κ-casein protein plays a fundamental role in milk production and its composition synthesis in the mammary gland. This protein has an important role in the formation, stabilization, and aggregation of the casein micelles. In this study, we investigated the genetic variability at the exon 4 of the κ-casein gene (also known ...
Studies on physiological function and on structure-function relationships of human milk beta-casein have been limited. In this study, we have introduced the human beta-casein cDNA into vectors designed for expression in Escherichia coli. The inducible T7-based expression system resulted in high-level expression of recombinant beta-casein. The recombinant beta-casein, localized intracellularly in E. coli, was purified to homogeneity and compared with purified native beta-casein, in particular with respect to phosphorylation. The E. coli-produced beta-casein was found to comigrate with the full-length, nonphosphorylated native human beta-casein isoform on SDS-PAGE. An N-terminal peptide containing all tentative phosphorylation sites was isolated from the recombinant protein and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The molecular mass as well as the migration of this peptide on reversed-phase chromatography confirmed that it was unphosphorylated.. ...
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to evaluate the difference between bonding to demineralized enamel and remineralized enamel using casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACFP) or without fluoride (CPP-ACP) compared to normal enamel. Another aim was to test if the newly introduced Single Bond Universal adhesive system would show better bonding to any enamel condition in comparison to the other tested adhesive systems. METHODS: The lingual enamel surfaces of 40 non carious human third molars were divided into four main groups according to the enamel condition (ground normal enamel [negative control]; demineralized enamel [positive control]; and remineralized enamel with CPP-ACP or with CPP-ACFP, respectively ...
BACKGROUND: There are only limited studies that have determined the antibacterial effects of various remineralizing agents that can be beneficial to children. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of tricalcium phosphate (TCP), calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSP), and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) enhanced with fluoride in reducing the Streptococcus mutans (SM) levels in saliva of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 245 children, 120 of them with SM colony forming units (CFU)/ml in the range of 104-106/ml of saliva were assigned to four groups: (I) TCP; (II) CSP; (III) CPP-ACP enhanced with fluoride; and (IV) control ...
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research aims to publish findings of doctors at grass root level and post graduate students, so that all unique medical experiences are recorded in literature.
Some studies have shown that dietary hydrolyzed collagen peptides (HC) effectively prevent age-related bone loss. However, it is not known whether the intake of HC also has positive effect on bone mass or strength when combined with exercise during growth phase. We examined the effects of 11 weeks of HC intake and running exercise on bone mass and strength in growing rats. Rats were randomized into four groups, the 20% casein group (Casein20), the 40% casein group (Casein40), the 20% HC group (HC20), and the 40% HC group (HC40). Each group was further divided into exercise groups (Casein20 + Ex, Casein40 + Ex, HC20 + Ex, HC40 + Ex) and non-exercise group (Casein20, Casein40, HC20, HC40). In the HC intake groups, 30% of casein protein was replaced with HC. Exercise group rats were trained 6 days per week on a treadmill (25-30 m/min, 60 min) for 60 days. After being sacrificed, their bone mineral content (BMC) and bone strength were evaluated. Exercise and dietary HC effects were observed in the adjusted
What is Casein? The USN Casein Night Time Protein is ideal for anyone looking to maximise their recovery periods with a premium, great tasting, slow digesting shake. The maximum recovery periods for...
What are the different types of casein and what do they do? We take a look at casein isolates, casein concentrates, micellar casein, casein hydrolysate...
Dymatize 100% Casein is specifically designed to digest more slowly in your body than other rapid release protein sources, such as whey.
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Nakayama, S; Rodriguez, pinzon J.; Nakamura, S; and Yoshinaga, M, "A possible role of pmn in a casein-induced enhancement of pfc response to sheep erythrocytes in mice." (1982). Subject Strain Bibliography 1982. 3157 ...
FUSION OvoPro egg protein and caseinate. For a slow release abosrción protein in your muscles.. FUSION OvoPro, new anabolic protein formula can generate new muscle cells already available in your official outlet Beverly Nutrition.. FUSION OvoPro a formula for their anabolic protein mixture comprises several amino acid profiles anabolic / a nticatabólicas characteristics from fast-digesting anabolic, anti-catabolic until slowly digested able to rebuild muscle tissue from new cells stimulating speed protein anabolism otorgándose a dual role of protector as builder of muscle tissue. Since the compounds of amino acids and absorption kinetics complement each other, the end result is a balanced formula multifunctional protein that can be used at any time of the day, including at bedtime. This also means that FUSION OvoPro is ideal for muscle gain and for periods of diet during training.. FUSION incorporates OvoPro 3.41 g of L-arginine, 3.15 gr. L-Tyrosine, L-Alanine 4.68 able to stimulate the ...
The goal of using protein supplements is to increase the amount of protein that youre getting in your diet. If youre trying to build muscle you should be eating 1 to 1.5 grams of protein for every pound of body weight.
I stopped eating wheat/gluten about a year and a half ago now (I have Hashimotos) but my thyroid antibodies are still at 83.52 kIU/L. I have read that if you still have gut issues which I still...
Muscle Pharm Casein will give you gains around the clock. With high quality ingredients, Casein by Muscle Pharm is designed to be the purest and most effective casein protein ever formulated.
Sometimes slower is better - especially when it comes to the rate of protein digestion. While rapid protein absorption is desirable immediately before or
Multiple studies show that eating vegan protein is much healthier for you than protein from animals (dairy and meat). The best source of non animal protein is green leafy vegetables, nuts & seeds...
Beware of cheap casein proteins being passed off as micellar casein. For example, calcium caseinate is NOT micellar casein. To get MICELLAR casein results, use only MICELLAR casein, not plain casein or caseinates. You fight hard in the gym to get result
Definition of lactogenic hormone in the Get a Grip America. Meaning of lactogenic hormone with illustrations and photos. Pronunciation of lactogenic hormone and its etymology. Related words - lactogenic hormone synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Example sentences containing lactogenic hormone
The enzyme caseinase is secreted out of the cells (an exoenzyme) into the surrounding media, catalyzing the breakdown of milk protein, called casein, into small peptides and individual amino acids which are then taken up by the organism for energy use or as building material. The hydrolysis reaction causes the milk agar, normally the opacity of real milk, to clear around the growth area as the casein protein is converted into soluble and transparent end products-small chains of amino acids, dipeptides, and polypeptides.. ...
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Introduction. Determination of isoelectric point of protein (casein). Introduction: Casein is a globular colloidal protein. Globular proteins are hydrophobic proteins which in certain external condition are soluble in eater. The ph at which the protein is electrically neutral is known as the isoelectric point. A globular protein such as a casein becomes increasingly insoluble as it approaches its isoelectric point. Objectives The object of this experiment is to determine the isoelectric point of casein (protein), which can be precipitated from the solution. Apparatus 9 test tubes pipettes - 1ml - 5ml - 10ml colorimeter Materials Distilled water Acetic acid - 0.01 M - 0.1M - 1.0 M casein - 0.5g/1 in 0.1 M sodium acetate Method 1. The calorimeter is switched ON to allow it to warm up. 2. In order to distinguish between the different acidity levels contained in each test tube, the 9 test tubes were labelled from 1-9. This is important because all solution are a similar colour. 3. Following the ...
Heliothis virescens is a major lepidopteran pest of cotton in the United States and the target insect of Bacillus thuringeinsis (Bt) transgenic cotton. We conducted an analysis of gut proteases from Bt susceptible and resistant H.virescens strains, including the susceptible strain, YDK, and three resistant strains, YHD2-B, CXC, and KCBhyb. Casein zymogram analysis of YDK and YHD2-B gut extracts did not reveal significant differences. However, two unique bands of caseinolytic activity were observed in CXC and KCBhyb. Kinetic microplate assays with a trypsin substrate demonstrated that proteinases in YDK gut extract had more alkaline pH optima compared to YHD2-B, CXC and KCBhyb. In assays with a chymotrypsin substrate, enzymes in YDK extracts had lower alkaline pH optima in contrast to those in YHD2-B gut extract. Enzymes from KCBhyb gut extracts had the highest activity of all strains in alkaline buffers, particularly at pH 10.6, similar to the physiological pH of the lepidopteran midgut. ...
Then I was just touching up a frame here and the light bulb flashed on in my brain: casein! You seem to be pleased with the medium as a full-service plein air sketch medium. Ive never used it except on frames. But I have a full array of tube colors. Have you taken casein on a trip as your prime medium? When you travel with casein, do you work on watercolor paper? Or just in a sketchbook? And what have you used for a travel palette for casein? I guess the big issue Id be concerned with is losing quantity of dry paint on the palette. (whereas gouache can kind of be re-wet ...
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... is a procedure intended for quantitative measurement of bovine casein in food (such as bread crumbs, chocolate, cookies, soy products, sausage,
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Casein Baue deine Muskeln im Schlaf auf✐Welche Vorteile hat Casein? Welches Protein wird vom Körper besser aufgenommen? Wann soll Casein eingenommen werden | Whey Protein
WHEY PROTEIN. Whey is the most popular protein supplement on the market. It is the by-product in the process of turning milk into cheese and is a complete protein that is quickly absorbed into the body. Whey has been shown to promote lean muscle growth and fat loss. It can also help repair and rebuild muscle especially when consumed within 60 minutes of a workout. Look for whey protein isolate-not concentrate-as it contains the highest protein concentration and very little fat.. Cautions: Because it is a by-product of milk (aka lactose), people with allergies to lactose may find it hard to digest. Additionally, be wary of the artificial sweeteners and chemicals added to many of the different flavors available. Be sure to read the label.. CASEIN PROTEIN. This protein is also derived from milk, but uses a separation process that isolates the milk protein from the carbs and fat. Because casein digests over a long period of time, it is a good choice for a meal replacement, as it helps you feel ...
WHEY PROTEIN. Whey is the most popular protein supplement on the market. It is the by-product in the process of turning milk into cheese and is a complete protein that is quickly absorbed into the body. Whey has been shown to promote lean muscle growth and fat loss. It can also help repair and rebuild muscle especially when consumed within 60 minutes of a workout. Look for whey protein isolate-not concentrate-as it contains the highest protein concentration and very little fat.. Cautions: Because it is a by-product of milk (aka lactose), people with allergies to lactose may find it hard to digest. Additionally, be wary of the artificial sweeteners and chemicals added to many of the different flavors available. Be sure to read the label.. CASEIN PROTEIN. This protein is also derived from milk, but uses a separation process that isolates the milk protein from the carbs and fat. Because casein digests over a long period of time, it is a good choice for a meal replacement, as it helps you feel ...
Rykke, Morten; Devold, Tove Gulbrandsen; Smistad, Gro; Vegarud, Gerd E.; Jelen, P.; Thomas, T.D.; Wouters, J.T.M; Horne, D. (guest editor); Leaver, J. (guest editor) & Miur, D. (guest editor) (1999). Comparison of bovine casein micelles and human salivary micelle-like structures. International Dairy Journal. ISSN 0958-6946. 9(03.jun), s 365- 366 ...
Optimum Nutrition Gold Standard 100% Casein is the Worlds No. 1 and the industrys first all-micellar Casein. Recommended for use in the evening, each great tasting, Gold Standard 100% Casein shake contains 24g of the purest protein, only 3g of carbohydrates, but just 0.5g of fat and no sugar. Its also instantised to mix up easily, every time. ...
1. Evidence has been found that Northrops phenomenon (so called by us) is produced in the digestion of casein or hemoglobin brought about by trypsin, papain, and pepsin either crude or crystalline in the presence of gelatin.. 2. Ansons and Kunitz methods permit the measure of proteolytic activity of any protease on casein or hemoglobin substrate in the presence of gelatin, even in very small quantities and with prolonged digestion time.. ...
Eleven college aged men ran on a treadmill at 55% to 60% of reserve heart rate for half an hour. They hadnt consumed any food for 8 to 10 hours before training, but on separate occasions consumed a calorie-matched supplement containing either 25 grams of whey protein isolate, 25 grams of casein protein, 25 grams of maltodextrin or a non-caloric control drink ...
It is important to distinguish between different types of casein. Most farmed cows such as holstein and friesian produce milk with a fragment of protein called A1 beta-casein. It is this A1 fragment that produces an opioid-like reaction in the body. Originally cows produced milk with a fragment of protein called A2 beta-casein. A2 beta-casein does not cause the same opioid-like reaction as A1 beta-casein. ...
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Newborn babies have such delicate digestive systems up until around three months of age. Compounds in certain foods can cause fussiness and crying, excess gas, and even skin rashes in the breastfeeding baby. Luckily it is really simple to just remove the most common offending foods from your diet at birth or before to keep baby calm and happy. I actually removed any dairy I was eating a few weeks before she was born as it can take up to a month for dairy to clear your system. Dairy, specifically the casein protein, is often the cause of a lot of digestive and skin issues in newborns. Our sweet baby girl has been sleeping through the night since she was a few days old and is a very peaceful, happy baby.....just like our first daughter, Lily. She has had a few bouts of fussiness, you know the kind where they are really uncomfortable and want to nurse and then cry and then nurse and then cry and so on. I realized those were the days that I had eaten citrus. Testing it one more time to make sure, we ...
Examining whether venoms may assist in digestion from the prey GX15-070 eleven snake venoms had been compared for the current presence of proteases and endopeptidases that function in alkaline pH conditions. and proteins in the dialysates while and venom didnt display any significant proteins degradation under alkaline circumstances. Histological exam revealed varying examples of muscle tissue cell damage for every from the venom looked into as well as the immunohistochemical research on venom demonstrated how the venom penetrated the muscle mass to a substantial degree. assays and histological outcomes indicate that one venoms might contain the capability to enhance digestion of bovine muscle mass. exerted solely a proteolytic influence on casein and denatured haemoglobin. Blaylock (2002) also investigated the venom of and its local necrotic effect on live mouse hind legs. This study found that the venom caused much more significant necrosis of the local tissue when the hind leg was kept ...
Or not, since apparently it is presently illegal to market or even consume transgenic milk. There are perhaps more important reasons to take the linked story as less than the revolutionary news the headlines make it out to be. For example, the researches cant explain the curious rise in casein proteins in the milk. They also are dismissing as irrelevant--though unconvincingly--the premature birth of their franken-cow and the significant absence of Daisys tail. (Perhaps Eeyore has it ...
More conversance nearly the pathways and networks snarled may finally misguide to a more operative objective in return antiepileptic neuromodulation. In this judgement, it is signal to mention that when the MSG neonatal treatment is administered to manly rats, the NMDA-R are more numerous than the non-NMDA-R (Simeone et al. Oftentimes, thither are gluten and casein proteins that are not axiomatic generic 15 mg prevacid with visa gastritis diet 91303. Some of the patients maintain non-lesional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the risk and outcome are worse, and patients are discarded from surgical options. While the view and information in this reserve are believed to be unadulterated and meticulous at the antiquated of handbill, neither the authors nor the editors nor the publisher can permit any judiciary responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. Megaupload: Megaupload is an on-line site for uploading and downloading files buy cheap rogaine 2 60 ml online prostate apex. ...
As a SuppVersity reader you are well aware of the interactions between casein micelles and the low and high pH milieu of the intestinal tract. They clump and form a mass that is significantly harder to digest than the easily digestible albumin proteins from whey. But what happens if you ingest them in a complex(er) food matrix? Dutch scientists recently found out...
According to new research from the journal Frontiers in Nutrition, consuming a casein protein shake 10 to 30 minutes before bedtime can boost muscle growth and strength.
Q3. Can individual cows differ from the average for a particular dairy breed?. Yes, individual cows can vary from the average for a given breed. Cows can be genetically tested for beta-casein genetics so you can know more about the potential risks. Testing is costly, averaging about $100-$125 per cow.. Q4. Do species other than cows produce A1 milk? Humans, goats, and most mammals produce only A2 type beta casein in their milk. All cows were of the A2 beta-casein genetics until the mutation occurred to give us both A1 and A2 types.. Q5. Are there other possible digestion breakdown products from milk that are of concern?. There are 527 known biologically active amines that are the result of digestion of food proteins. Whether they are good or bad for us is largely unknown at this time. There are other casomorphins that have been identified: BCM9, BCM 13, and BCM 21. (We have not investigated these in the literature yet.) Some casomorphins, as an example, have positive effects on the intestinal ...
|h4|Optimum Nutrition Gold Standard 100% Natural Casein|/h4| |p|Whey is the main choice of protein powders. Whey also digests very quickly and doesnt provide long lasting nutrition. Casein is the far superior choice for consuming protein for meal replac
We have some questions concerning this process, namely it is how the histadine tags are interacting with the Ni-agarose and the casein that we use to passivate the flow cells. We know that histidine has an affinity to interact with cysteine, another amino acid, that is prevalent on the structure of the kappa-casein. We would like to know how they interact, and if that is the key for why kappa-casein is so effective as as a coating for the flow cells. Another thing that we are interested in is how the histidine tag interacts with the nickel in the Ni-agarose. We know that it interacts, it is a crucial step in the collection of kinesin, but exactly how it interacts is a currently a mystery. If we can understand that more clearly, we could use this knowledge to advance our understanding of the questions centered on the kappa-casein. One idea is that we can convert the histidine tag into a protected group that will not interact with anything and then proceed with the usual gliding motility assays to ...
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Nusobee Casein information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Wockhardt, Nusobee Casein indications, usages and related health products lists
Bioactive peptides derived from casein especially casein phosphopeptides (chromatography, analysis, preparation, purification ...
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7-HOUR TIMED-RELEASE FORMULA. You train hard and eat right, but if youre not consuming enough quality protein, you will actually lose muscle! This condition is known as catabolism, and it can stop your gains immediately. Research shows that when specific forms of whey protein and casein are combined in a 10:1 ratio, protein digestion is sustained for up to 7 hours! This timed-release effect feeds your muscles with a steady supply of anabolic nutrients and helps you build more muscle. Each scoop of RESULTS BUILDIFY™ contains 27 grams of clean protein in the exact 10:1 ratio backed by science, as well as added digestive enzymes to maximize protein absorption.. NO AMINO SPIKING, JUST CLEAN PROTEIN. To cut down on costs, many unscrupulous companies cut their protein powder with low-cost amino acids and other additives and label these "extras" as protein! You think youre buying pure protein, but youre actually getting protein mixed with cheap additives not even on the label. This scam is called ...
SLOW-ACTING PROTEIN|br|While rapid protein digestion is desirable immediately before or after exercise, slower digestion is more appropriate for between meals and right before bed. Compared to whey, it can take significantly longer for micellar casein to
Optimum Nutrition - Gold Standard 100% Casein Cookies And Cream 4 lbs. ometimes slower is better - especially when it comes to the rate of protein digestion. While rapid p...
Im not the biggest on buying casein because I get enough protein from my diet and my normal whey shakes but every once in a while I like to pick some
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AMIX Micellar Casein 1000g, Amix, : Kaseiny, Koncentrace: 76-90%, Micel rn kasein je ml n proteinov koncentr t s obsahem micel rn ho kaseinu a syrov tkov ho proteinu ve stejn m pom ru jako v odst ed n m ml ce 80:20. Pomal a dlouhodob uvol ov n aminokyselin ... - V e pro fitness, kulturistiku a aerobik. Posilovac stroje a sportovn v iva pro dom c a komer n posilovny.
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FCASG : Draw blood in a plain, red-top tube(s), serum gel tube(s) is acceptable. Spin down and send 0.5 mL of serum refrigerated in a plastic vial.
I know you guys are all great problem solvers and always come up with excellent suggestions, so heres my problem. I thought I was casein intolerant, but...
I would like to get tested for casein intolerance. I know I can go through Enterolab and its only $100 so Id do that if I had to, but out of principle I ...
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Purification and characterication of casein phosphopeptides from kefir. According to Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan, calcium intake was below Recommended Daily Nutrient Allowances (RDNA). Milk is the best source of calcium supply for human. Kefir is a beverage produced by lactic-alcoholic fermentation of milk using kefir grains. The bioactive peptides released from casein by proteolysis during fermentation. The purpose of this study was to purify the casein phosphopeptides (CPP) from kefir and analyse its bioactivity. CPP in kefir were prepared by CaCl2 aggregation/ethanol precipitation method. The amounts of CPP from reconstituted milk fermented kefir were higher than the fresh milk fermented kefir. CPP improved calcium absorption by binding with the calcium, both the kefir fermented by fresh and reconstituted milk, the calcium content were higher than the non-hydrolyzed casein. Phosphopeptide enrichment spin columns were used for CPP purification, and the lyophilized fractions were ...
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A study was conducted to determine the protective effects of two common dietary proteins, soy protein isolate (soy) and bovine whey, against chemically induced mammary tumors in female Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were fed AIN-93G diets having casein, soy, or whey as the sole protein source. Rats within the same dietary groups were mated to obtain the F1 and F2 generations. At age 50 days, F1 (experiment A) or F2 (experiment B) female offspring (≥19 rats/group) were p.o. gavaged with 80 mg/kg 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, and mammary glands were evaluated when 100% of the casein-fed group developed at least one palpatable tumor. Rats grew well on all three diets, but casein-fed rats gained slightly more body weight than soy- or whey-fed rats (P , 0.05). Vaginal opening occurred 1 day earlier in soy-fed rats than in casein- or whey-fed rats, but no other differences in reproductive and developmental parameters were observed between groups. When 50% of the casein-fed rats had at least one mammary ...
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While a time release protein can be a simple egg white protein or casein protein, the best ones would be a mixture of different types of protein sources which we call a protein blend such as whey and casein or whey, casein and egg albumen just to cite a few examples.. The great thing about a time release protein is the added benefit of multiple stage release of amino acids into your bloodstream since these proteins digest at different rates from fast, medium to slow. Whey is a fast-acting protein, egg white is a medium-release protein while casein is a slow-release protein. In other words, you get the best of both worlds.. A time release protein will promote quick muscle growth while keeping your body anabolic for an extended period of time thanks to the casein present in most protein blends which provides a sustained release of amino acids up to 7-8 hours or more. There are several types of casein protein notably micellar casein, calcium caseinate and milk protein isolate. For the instant ...
A novel approach in the production of protein based films and composites were performed, using the bovine milk protein casein and regenerated cellulose fibres (lyocell). The films were prepared by first dissolving the casein protein in an aqueous alkaline solution in the presence of glycerol as a plasticizer. Further the composite films were prepared by the addition of fibres on aqueous alkaline solution with casein. The casein films and composites were thereafter prepared by casting the solution mixture on Teflon coated glass plate and drying for 48 hr. The effects of glycerol content and lyocell fibre reinforcements on the mechanical, thermal and physiological properties of the casein films were characterized. The results revealed that the increase in the addition of glycerol content decreases the tensile strength, youngs modulus, thermal stability of the film and increases the elongation percentage. Tensile property and thermal stability of the films was improved by the increase in the ...
INTRODUCTION: Ecological approaches to dental caries prevention play a key role in attaining long-term control over the disease and maintaining a symbiotic oral microbiome.OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the microbial ecological effects of 2 interventional dentifrices: a casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) dentifrice and the same dentifrice supplemented with a polyphenol-rich cranberry extract.METHODS: The interventional toothpastes were compared with each other and with an active control fluoride dentifrice in a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was used to determine changes in the bacterial loads of 14 key bacterial species (8 caries associated and 6 health associated) in the dental plaque of trial participants after they used the dentifrices for 5 to 6 wk.RESULTS: From the baseline to the recall visit, significant differences were observed between the treatment groups in the ...
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100% of protein from caseins. 100% Casein Complex is a Micellar Casein dominant milk protein blend exclusively from casein milk proteins. Casein is high in the essential branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and very high (higher than Whey) in L-Glutamine, the most abundant free amino acid in human blood. 100% Casein Complexs protein contributes to the maintenance and growth of muscle mass and also to the maintenance of normal bones*. This products milk proteins are so-called complete proteins, because they provide the body with all the necessary types of amino acids, including the 9 amino acids the body cannot synthesize and must be supplied by the diet (i.e. Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Valine). Extra L-Glutamine and Taurine plus the digestive enzymes Papain and Bromelain are added to the formula ...
To make yogurt, milk is first heated to 180 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes to denature the whey proteins; this allows the proteins to form a more stable gel. The yogurt is pasteurized before adding the cultures. The pasteurization process kills any pathogens that can spoil milk as well as to eliminate potential competitors of the active cultures. After milk pasteurization, the milk is cooled down to 108 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature for optimal growth of yogurt starter cultures. Last, the yogurt starter cultures (probiotics) is added into the cooled milk and incubated until a pH of below 5 is obtained. This is called the fermentation process, whereby lactose in the milk is converted to lactic acid, which lowers the pH. When the pH drops below pH 5, micelles of caseins, which are amphiphilic proteins, loses its tertiary structure due to the protonation of its amino acid residues. The denatured casein proteins reassemble by interacting with other casein proteins, and these intermolecular ...
The secretion of heterologous animal proteins in filamentous fungi is usually limited by bottlenecks in the vesicle-mediated secretory pathway. Using the secretion of bovine chymosin in Aspergillus awamori as a model, we found a drastic increase (40 to 80-fold) in cells grown with casein or casein phosphopeptides (CPPs). CPPs are rich in phosphoserine, but phosphoserine itself did not increase the secretion of chymosin. The stimulatory effect is reduced about 50% using partially dephosphorylated casein and is not exerted by casamino acids. The phosphopeptides effect was not exerted at transcriptional level, but instead, it was clearly observed on the secretion of chymosin by immunodetection analysis. Proteomics studies revealed very interesting metabolic changes in response to phosphopeptides supplementation. The oxidative metabolism was reduced, since enzymes involved in fermentative processes were overrepresented. An oxygen-binding hemoglobin-like protein was overrepresented in the proteome following
1. A double-lumen perfusion technique has been used in man to study jejunal absorption of individual amino acids from an amino acid mixture simulating casein, and a tryptic hydrolysate of casein consisting of oligopeptides and amino acids.. 2. Total absorption was greater from the tryptic hydrolysate than from the amino acid mixture. There was wide variation in the extent to which individual amino acids were absorbed from the amino acid mixture. This was decreased when the tryptic hydrolysate was perfused. Amino acids which were particularly poorly absorbed from the amino acid mixture were absorbed to a substantially greater extent from the tryptic hydrolysate.. 3. The results suggest that the characteristics of absorption of amino acid mixtures do not represent those of absorption of the physiological products of intraluminal digestion, oligopeptides and amino acids.. ...
Bluebonnet Nutrition 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate Powder - Flavors Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate is sourced from grass-fed cows in New Zealand that are not treated with antibiotics or recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), also known as bovine somatotropin (BST). Additionally, whey protein has the highest biological value (BV) of any protein on the market, which refers to a protein that has all of the essential amino acids in adequate quantities to sustain growth and development. Thats why Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate uses high-quality, microfiltered whey protein isolate with important, naturally-occurring immunoglobulins, which help support the immune system. Whey is also a rich and natural source of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) and glutamic acid. Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate provides fast-acting protein meaning its amino acids are easily and readily available to the body for immediate use - an especially important consideration
Goats milk also has a closer protein composition to human milk. This also helps to explain the low allergy rate. Beta caseins are found in both human and goats milk. These have a softer curd and easier digestibility than the alfa caseins that are so prevalent in cows milk. Goats milk also does not contain Agglutamin. This is the reason fat globules do not cluster, assisting digestion. On average, goats milk contains more calcium, vitamin B6, vitamin A, potassium, niacin, chloride, copper, phosphorous, manganese and selenium. It is slightly lower in folic acid (1), has less arginine and less sulphur-containing amino acids (particularly methionine) but more glycine than cows milk (2). Goats also are more finicky eaters than cows - meaning they eat a more varied diet, usually richer in minerals. While switching from cows milk to goats milk, it is recommended you mix a littleof the cows milk with the goats milk to help adjust to the new taste ...
In this study, the potential use of Moringa oleifera as a clotting agent of different types of milk (whole, skim, and soy milk) was investigated. M. oleifera seed extract showed high milk-clotting activity followed by flower extract. Specific clotting activity of seed extract was 200 times higher than that of flower extract. Seed extract is composed by four main protein bands (43.6, 32.2, 19.4, and 16.3 kDa). Caseinolytic activity assessed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and tyrosine quantification, showed a high extent of casein degradation using M. oleifera seed extract. Milk soy cheese was soft and creamy, while skim milk cheese was hard and crumbly. According to these results, it is concluded that seed extract of M. oleifera generates suitable milk clotting activity for cheesemaking. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report comparative data of M. oleifera milk clotting activity between different types of soy milk.
The effect of dietary substitution of casein with fishmeal, soybean meal and crustacean meal on the growth of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino was determined. A 350 g casein per kilogram diet was included into the CS diet. The whole casein was then substituted by: (1) 300 g fishmeal and 200 g soybean meal per kilogram diet (FS), (2) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g krill meal per kilogram diet (FSK), (3) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 280 g red crab meal per kilogram diet (FSC) or (4) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g shrimp head meal per kilogram diet (FSS). In addition, a 50-g by-product of green tea per kilogram diet was included in the FS diet to form the FSG diet. Sea tangle (ST)diet was supplied to abalone as a control feed. Weight gain, final shell length and final shell width of abalone fed with the various substitution feeds (FS, FSK, FSC, FSS and FSG) were not different from those obtained with the CS diet. All the formulated feeds, however, ...
MILK PROTEINS WITH EXTRA AMINOS. Anabolic Whey is an engineered blend of ultrafiltered whey protein concentrates, whey protein isolates (containing lactoglobulin, lactoferrin, lactalbumin and immunoglobulin protein fractions) and complete milk protein. We also added Glutamine and Taurine, two abundant amino acids in the human body.. Milk proteins - especially whey protein - are the most popular bodybuilding proteins, no question about it. Also, they are among the highest quality protein sources. Determination of the nutritional efficiency of protein in the diet is in most cases based on estimating the extent to which dietary protein nitrogen is absorbed and retained by the body and is able to balance daily nitrogen losses. Net Protein Utilisation (NPU) is the percentage of ingested nitrogen that is retained in the body, and the Biological Value (BV) gives the percentage of absorbed nitrogen that is retained. Biological Value is the product of NPU and digestibility. Whey protein has good ...
Protein Blend (Soy Protein Isolate, Calcium Caseinate [From Milk], Whey Protein Isolate, Casein, Partially Hydrolyzed Milk Protein Isolate), Sugar, Water, Fractionated Palm Kernel and Palm Oil, Soy Protein Nuggets (Soy Protein Isolate, Tapioca Starch, Cocoa [Processed With Alkali], Salt), Polydextrose, Whey Protein Concentrate, Maltitol Syrup, Fructose, Corn Syrup, Oligofructose, Nonfat Milk, Whole Wheat Flour, Cocoa (Processed With Alkali), Glycerine, Natural Flavor (Includes Almonds, Sesame Oil), Maltodextrin, High Oleic Sunflower Oil, Soy Lecithin, Canola Oil, Salt, Titanium Dioxide and Caramel (For Color), Calcium Carbonate, Butterfat, Butter (Cream, Salt), Nonfat Yogurt Powder (Cultured Nonfat Milk), Dextrose, Whey, Sodium Bicarbonate, Sucralose, Carrageenan, Tocopherols (To Protect Flavor), Ascorbic Acid, Ferric Orthophosphate, Alpha Tocopherol Acetate, Soybean Oil, Niacinamide, Zinc Oxide, Copper Gluconate, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin A Palmitate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, ...

Casein Kinase Ialpha
     Summary Report | CureHunterCasein Kinase Ialpha Summary Report | CureHunter

In DROSOPHILA casein kinase Ialpha has been in regulation of Hedghog and Wingless signaling pathways. Multiple isoforms of ... A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the CELL CYCLE, membrane ... casein kinase Ialpha exist and are due ALTERNATIVE SPLICING. ... Casein Kinase I alpha; Casein Kinase IalphaL; Casein Kinase ... Casein Kinase Ialpha. Subscribe to New Research on Casein Kinase Ialpha A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD048128-Casein-Kinase-Ialpha.do

In a single-blind, matched group design: branched-chain amino acid supplementation and resistance training maintains lean body...In a single-blind, matched group design: branched-chain amino acid supplementation and resistance training maintains lean body...

Athletes and active adults many times have the goal of improving/maintaining fitness while losing weight and this is best achieved by caloric restriction in combination with exercise. However, this poses a risk for lean tissue loss, which can limit performance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplement, in conjunction with heavy resistance training and a carbohydrate caloric-restricted
more infohttps://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12970-015-0112-9

Casein - WikipediaCasein - Wikipedia

Dairy K-Casein Milk skin Kunz, C; Lonnerdal, B (1990). "Human-milk proteins: analysis of casein and casein subunits by anion- ... "Industrial Casein". National Casein Company. Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. "Casein". The Columbia Electronic ... Casein has a wide variety of uses, from being a major component of cheese, to use as a food additive. As a food source, casein ... Casein paint is a fast-drying, water-soluble medium used by artists. Casein paint has been used since ancient Egyptian times as ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casein

K-Casein - WikipediaK-Casein - Wikipedia

K-Casein (or Kappa-casein, k casein, kappa casein) is a mammalian milk protein involved in a number of important physiological ... InterPro: IPR000117 Kappa casein Fluorescein Thiocarbamoyl-Kappa-Casein Assay for the Specific Testing of Milk-Clotting ... All these methods use casein as the substrate to quantify proteolytic or milk-clotting activities. K-casein labeled with the ... All 3 models consider micelles as colloidal particles formed by casein aggregates wrapped up in soluble κ-casein molecules. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-Casein

Casein - WikipediaCasein - Wikipedia

A1/A2 beta caseins in milk[edit]. Main article: A2 milk. A1 and A2 beta-casein are genetic variants of the beta-casein milk ... "Casein". The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia (6th ed.). Columbia University. 2011.. *^ Dalgleish DG (1998). "Casein Micelles ... Casein allergy[edit]. A small fraction of the population is allergic to casein.[35] ... Casein paint is a fast-drying, water-soluble medium used by artists. Casein paint has been used since ancient Egyptian times as ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casein-free_diet

Casein paint - WikipediaCasein paint - Wikipedia

The binder for casein paint is made by dissolving casein in an alkali, usually lime, ammonium carbonate, or borax. Casein ... "Shiva Casein Colors". Dick Blick Art Materials. Retrieved 2017-09-23.. *^ "Sinopia Casein & Milk Paint Recipe". Sinopia. ... Casein artists[edit]. Yantonai Dakota artist Oscar Howe of South Dakota used casein extensively. ... Casein paint, derived from milk casein (milk protein), is a fast-drying, water-soluble medium used by artists. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casein_paint

Casein | protein | Britannica.comCasein | protein | Britannica.com

Cows milk contains about 3 percent casein. Pure casein is an amorphous white solid without ... Casein, the chief protein in milk and the essential ingredient of cheese. In pure form, it is an amorphous white solid, ... Casein paste paints, to be diluted with water, are made by pigmenting weakly alkaline solutions of casein. Casein is also used ... It is amphoteric: below pH 4.6 casein forms moderately soluble salts such as casein chloride; above pH 4.6 casein forms salts ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/casein

Caseins as Regulators of Hematopoiesis | IntechOpenCaseins as Regulators of Hematopoiesis | IntechOpen

... casein is considered a highly nutritious protein. Over time, it has been revealed that casein is a protein whose physiological ... Here we analyze how caseins can exert numerous hematopoietic and immunomodulatory actions, their role in granulopoiesis, ... and we wonder if casein could be useful to fight pathogens resistant to antibiotics, inducing a strong immune response in ... The main physiological role of casein, the main protein component in the milk, is to be a source of amino acids that are ...
more infohttps://www.intechopen.com/online-first/caseins-as-regulators-of-hematopoiesis

Casein | Definition of Casein at Dictionary.comCasein | Definition of Casein at Dictionary.com

Casein definition, a protein precipitated from milk, as by rennet, and forming the basis of cheese and certain plastics. See ... casein. casebook, casebound, casebox, casefy, caseharden, casein, casein glue, caseinate, caseinogen, casekeeper, caseload ... casein. *. The other expelled elements from the casein also contribute to flavor and texture. ... The acid curd then is casein or some combination of casein with the precipitant acid. ...
more infohttps://www.dictionary.com/browse/casein?s=t

Structure: The Casein Micelle | Food ScienceStructure: The Casein Micelle | Food Science

Structure: The Casein Micelle. Most, but not all, of the casein proteins exist in a colloidal particle known as the casein ... Each of the casein proteins has unique abilitites to either bind with CaP or with other caseins, which gie rise to the ... Casein micelle image from Dalgleish, D. G., P. Spagnuolo and H. D. Goff. 2004. A possible structure of the casein micelle based ... The casein sub-micelle model was prominent for many years, but there is sufficient evidence now to conclude that there is not a ...
more infohttps://www.uoguelph.ca/foodscience/book-page/structure-casein-micelle

gluten/casein/soy allergy? | DailyStrengthgluten/casein/soy allergy? | DailyStrength

are there many of you with celiac/gluten intolerance who also are allergic to soy and/or casein? we cant figure out why im so ... are there many of you with celiac/gluten intolerance who also are allergic to soy and/or casein?. we cant figure out why im ... Absolutely...me and my girls are all allergic to soy, dairy (casein), and glutens. But forget the plain rice! Please go to my ...
more infohttps://www.dailystrength.org/group/celiac-disease/discussion/gluten-casein-soy-allergy

Casein Protein | STACKCasein Protein | STACK

Ask the Experts: Whats the Difference Between Whey and Casein Protein? Q: What is the difference between whey and casein ... Return to main Casein Protein page Donkey Milk Is Being Hailed as the Next Big Superfood. Heres Why Milk has been a hot topic ... What is Casein Protein? Having the many options of various protein supplements can sometimes leave us lacking an understanding ... Get the Scoop on Different Types of Protein: Animal, Whey, Casein and Soy Not all types of protein are created equal. The body ...
more infohttps://www.stack.com/ta/casein-protein

Micellar Casein Protein - iHerb.comMicellar Casein Protein - iHerb.com

Brands A-Z MusclePharm Micellar Casein Protein Categories Sports Nutrition Protein Micellar Casein Protein ... MusclePharm, Micellar Casein Protein 2 Results (showing 1 - 2 ) Visit Manufacturers Website » ...
more infohttps://www.iherb.com/c/musclepharm/micellar-casein-protein

Elite CaseinElite Casein

Dymatizes overnight protein formulation provides 24g per serving of a protein blend consisting primarily of micellar casein, ... Other Ingredients: Micellar Casein, Sunflower Creamer (Sunflower Oil, Maltodextrin, Micellar Casein, Sunflower Lecithin, Sodium ... Other Ingredients: Protein Blend (100% Micellar Casein, Milk Protein Concentrate),Naturl and Artificial Flavors, Soybean Oil, ... Other Ingredients: 100% Micellar Casein, Milk Protein Concentrate, Natural and Artificial Flavor, Soybean Oil, Sodium Chloride ...
more infohttps://www.prosource.net/products/elite-casein

Types of Casein Protein | LIVESTRONG.COMTypes of Casein Protein | LIVESTRONG.COM

It is believed that casein proteins in the milk are the... ... Casein-Free Diet Foods How to Tell If Allergic to Casein or ... the milk produced will contain either A1-beta caseins or A2-beta caseins. Digestion of A1-type casein can produce casomorphins ... Cow-Milk Caseins. The caseins in cow milk may include different forms, with cow milk typically containing one of two types of ... Goat-Milk Caseins. Goats milk typically contains very low levels of Alpha-S1 casein, a type of protein considered difficult to ...
more infohttps://www.livestrong.com/article/396733-types-of-casein-protein/

RCSB PDB - Gene View 









 - CSN2 - casein betaRCSB PDB - Gene View - CSN2 - casein beta

The PDB archive contains information about experimentally-determined structures of proteins, nucleic acids, and complex assemblies. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
more infohttp://www.rcsb.org/pdb/gene/CSN2?v=hg38

casein Archives | The Body Ecologycasein Archives | The Body Ecology

Are You Sensitive to Casein in Dairy and Dont Even. After eating dairy, do you notice symptoms like itchy skin, eczema, ...
more infohttps://bodyecology.com/articles/tag/casein/

Casein contra Whey Protein das Timing entscheid...Casein contra Whey Protein das Timing entscheid...

Welche Vorteile hat Casein? Welches Protein wird vom Körper besser aufgenommen? Wann soll Casein eingenommen werden , Whey ... Casein Baue deine Muskeln im Schlaf auf✓Welche Vorteile hat Casein? Welches Protein wird vom Körper besser aufgenommen? Wann ... Casein contra Whey Protein das Timing entscheidet Casein Baue deine Muskeln im Schlaf auf Welche Unterschiede haben Whey ... Protein und Casein? Welches Protein wird vom Körper schneller aufgenommen? Wann sollen wir Casein Protein einnehmen? German ...
more infohttps://www.scoop.it/topic/whey-protein-5/p/4065086212/2016/06/13/casein-contra-whey-protein-das-timing-entscheidet

Casein Protein | Vitamin WorldCasein Protein | Vitamin World

Shop Vitamin World for casein protein and micellar protein. Casein helps provide longer lasting amino acid support when ...
more infohttps://www.vitaminworld.com/protein-fitness/protein/casein/

Gluten & Casein-free Products List | Whole Foods MarketGluten & Casein-free Products List | Whole Foods Market

... very seriously and were committed to bringing you the highest quality products available for your gluten and casein-free diet. ...
more infohttp://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/service/gluten-casein-free-products-list?store=6779

Gluten & Casein-free Products List | Whole Foods MarketGluten & Casein-free Products List | Whole Foods Market

... very seriously and were committed to bringing you the highest quality products available for your gluten and casein-free diet. ...
more infohttp://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/service/gluten-casein-free-products-list?store=6591

Casein Importance - AnabolicMinds.comCasein Importance - AnabolicMinds.com

I am seeing many people discount the benefits of casein protein before bed. I ... Before bed: Casein only or a mix of Whey/Casein/Egg. By Gaf Knee in forum Weight Loss ... Casein Importance I just started reading these forums so please correct me if I am wrong. I am seeing many people discount the ... That casein protein is slow acting bro. It keeps the aminos coming while youre out bro. I wake up every two hours and down ...
more infohttp://anabolicminds.com/forum/nutrition-health/199365-casein-importance.html

Casein, Gouache, and Egg Tempera - WetCanvasCasein, Gouache, and Egg Tempera - WetCanvas

Threads in Forum: Casein, Gouache, and Egg Tempera - Are you painting in alternative aqueous media, or contemplating it? Come ...
more infohttp://www.wetcanvas.com/forums/forumdisplay.php?f=345

FCASG - Specimen: Casein IgGFCASG - Specimen: Casein IgG

FCASG : Draw blood in a plain, red-top tube(s), serum gel tube(s) is acceptable. Spin down and send 0.5 mL of serum refrigerated in a plastic vial.
more infohttps://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Specimen/57555

What Is the Function of Casein? | Reference.comWhat Is the Function of Casein? | Reference.com

Casein is a protein found in milk that provides essential amino acids for energy in the body and muscle building. This protein ... This is because casein actually globs together like a clot in the stomach, making it take longer to break down. Casein also ... Casein is also used in cheese making. Casein is coagulated with acids and an enzyme known as rennet, added to help impart ... Casein is a protein found in milk that provides essential amino acids for energy in the body and muscle building. This protein ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/food/function-casein-ef7116c6fc536d00
  • Casein-based glues, formulated from casein, water, hydrated lime and sodium hydroxide were popular for woodworking, including for aircraft, as late as the de Havilland Albatross airliner. (wikipedia.org)
  • While largely replaced with synthetic resins, casein-based glues still have a use in certain niche applications, such as laminating fireproof doors and the labeling of bottles. (wikipedia.org)
  • While largely replaced with synthetic resins, casein-based glues still have a use in certain niche applications, such as laminating fireproof doors and the labeling of bottles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Casein glues are used in labeling beverage bottles and laminating fireproof doors. (reference.com)
  • A study published in the August 1999 issue of the journal "Clinical and Experimental Allergy" indicates that certain individuals may be sensitive or allergic to sheep caseins. (livestrong.com)
  • A 1999 report published in the journal "Diabetologia" indicates that A1-beta caseins may increase the risk of developing Type 1 diabetes. (livestrong.com)
  • Cow's milk contains about 3 percent casein. (britannica.com)
  • A study, published in the "Journal of Applied Genetics" in 2007, explaisn that, depending on an individual cow's genetic profile, the milk produced will contain either A1-beta caseins or A2-beta caseins. (livestrong.com)
  • Only one individual was involved in the experiment, and it was proven that his allergy was specifically to sheep and goat caseins -- he was not allergic to the caseins in cow's milk. (livestrong.com)
  • Minor industrial applications include the seasoning and dressing of leather, cleaners and polishes for shoes, textile printing and sizing, insecticide sprays, soapmaking, and many uses in which casein serves as a protective colloid, emulsifying agent, or binder. (britannica.com)
  • Optimum Nutrition Natural 100% Casein is free of artificial flavors, sweeteners, and synthetic color. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • Casein is also used as the emulsifying agent in emulsion paints, which are oil paints that can be thinned with water. (britannica.com)
  • The main food uses of casein are for powders requiring rapid dispersion into water, ranging from coffee creamers to instant cream soups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Santa Clara Pueblo artist Pablita Velarde created a series of more than 70 paintings of everyday Native American life in New Mexico for Bandelier National Monument between 1937 and 1943, painted mostly on masonite using casein paints. (wikipedia.org)
  • Casein paints or distempers provide moderately washable, lustreless decoration for interior walls or for exterior masonry. (britannica.com)
  • Casein paste paints, to be diluted with water, are made by pigmenting weakly alkaline solutions of casein. (britannica.com)
  • Book and art papers are coated with pigmented casein to provide a suitable surface for half-tone illustrations. (britannica.com)
  • To overcome this, several alternative methods have been proposed, such as the determination of halo diameter in agar-gelified milk, colorimetric measurement, or determination of the rate of degradation of casein previously labeled with either a radioactive tracer or a fluorochrome compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Casein interactions: casting light on the black boxes, the structure in dairy products. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Over time, it has been revealed that casein is a protein whose physiological importance reaches levels far superior to the food field, having a wide array of biological activities including antimicrobial activities, facilitating absorption of nutrients, as well as acting as a growth factor and an immune stimulant. (intechopen.com)
  • Casein breaks down in the human stomach to produce the opioid peptide casomorphin. (wikipedia.org)