A water-soluble extractive mixture of sulfated polysaccharides from RED ALGAE. Chief sources are the Irish moss CHONDRUS CRISPUS (Carrageen), and Gigartina stellata. It is used as a stabilizer, for suspending COCOA in chocolate manufacture, and to clarify BEVERAGES.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A salt produced by the reaction of zinc oxide with acetic acid and used as an astringent, styptic, and emetic.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.
A plant family of the order Lecythidales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: "high ridge"), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Pharmacologic agents delivered into the nostrils in the form of a mist or spray.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.
Plants of the division Rhodophyta, commonly known as red algae, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However, if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Some rhodophyta are notable SEAWEED (macroalgae).
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
A hemeprotein from leukocytes. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to a hereditary disorder coupled with disseminated moniliasis. It catalyzes the conversion of a donor and peroxide to an oxidized donor and water. EC 1.11.1.7.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Professionals who plan, organize and direct health education programs for the individual, groups and the community.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The use of diffusion ANISOTROPY data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging results to construct images based on the direction of the faster diffusing molecules.
A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
Dressings comprised of a self-adhesive matrix to which hydrophilic absorbent particles are embedded. The particles consist of CELLULOSE derivatives; calcium ALGINATES; PECTINS; or GELS. The utility is based on providing a moist environment for WOUND HEALING.
A genus of velvety smooth SPONGES in the family Suberitidae, characterized by the ectosomal and choanosomal skeletons dominated by tylostyles (pin-like spicules with a pinched bulbous end).
An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.

Characterization of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of ketorolac and its enantiomers in the rat. (1/905)

The marked analgesic efficacy of ketorolac in humans, relative to other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), has lead to speculation as to whether additional non-NSAID mechanism(s) contribute to its analgesic actions. To evaluate this possibility, we characterized (R,S)-ketorolac's pharmacological properties in vivo and in vitro using the nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors [indomethacin (INDO) and diclofenac sodium (DS)] as well as the selective COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, as references. The potency of racemic (R,S)-ketorolac was similar in tests of acetic acid-induced writhing, carrageenan-induced paw hyperalgesia, and carrageenan-induced edema formation in rats; ID50 values = 0.24, 0. 29, and 0.08 mg/kg, respectively. (R,S)-ketorolac's actions were stereospecific, with (S)-ketorolac possessing the biological activity of the racemate in the above tests. The analgesic potencies for (R,S)-, (S)-, and (R)-ketorolac, INDO, and DS were highly correlated with their anti-inflammatory potencies, suggesting a common mechanism. (R,S)-ketorolac was significantly more potent than INDO or DS in vivo. Neither difference in relative potency of COX inhibition for (R,S)-ketorolac over INDO and DS nor activity of (S)-ketorolac at a number of other enzymes, channels, or receptors could account for the differences in observed potency. The distribution coefficient for (R,S)-ketorolac was approximately 30-fold less than for DS or INDO, indicating that (R,S)-ketorolac is much less lipophilic than these NSAIDs. Therefore, the physicochemical and pharmacokinetics properties of (R,S)-ketorolac may optimize the concentrations of (S)-ketorolac at its biological target(s), resulting in greater efficacy and potency in vivo.  (+info)

Cytokine-mediated inflammatory hyperalgesia limited by interleukin-4. (2/905)

1. The effect of IL-4 on responses to intraplantar (i.pl.) carrageenin, bradykinin, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2 was investigated in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. Also, the cellular source of the IL-4 was investigated. 2. IL-4, 30 min before the stimulus, inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, and TNFalpha, but not responses to IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2. 3. IL-4, 2 h before the injection of IL-1beta, did not affect the response to IL-1beta, whereas IL-4, 12 or 12+2 h before the IL-1beta, inhibited the hyperalgesia (-30%, -74%, respectively). 4. In murine peritoneal macrophages, murine IL-4 for 2 h before stimulation with LPS, inhibited (-40%) the production of IL-1beta but not PGE2. Murine IL-4 (for 16 h before stimulation with LPS) inhibited LPS-stimulated PGE2 but not IL-1beta. 5. Anti-murine IL-4 antibodies potentiated responses to carrageenin, bradykinin and TNFalpha, but not IL-1beta and IL-8, as well as responses to bradykinin in athymic rats but not in rats depleted of mast cells with compound 40/80. 6. These data suggest that IL-4 released by mast cells limits inflammatory hyperalgesia. During the early phase of the inflammatory response the mode of action of the IL-4 appears to be inhibition of the production TNFalpha, IL-1beta and IL-8. In the later phase of the response, in addition to inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-4 also may inhibit the release of PGs.  (+info)

The effects of inflammation and inflammatory mediators on nociceptive behaviour induced by ATP analogues in the rat. (3/905)

1. We have studied the behavioural effects of intraplantar injections of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and related compounds in freely moving rats and investigated whether these nociceptive effects are augmented in the presence of inflammatory mediators. 2. We find that in normal animals ATP and analogues produce dose-dependent nocifensive behaviour (seen as bursts of elevation of the treated hindpaw), and localized thermal hyperalgesia. The rank order of potency was: alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate (alpha,beta-methylene ATP) > 2-methylthioadenosine triphosphate (2-methylthio ATP) > ATP. After neonatal treatment with capsaicin, to destroy small calibre primary sensory neurones, nocifensive behaviour was largely absent. 3. The effects of ATP analogues were assessed in three models of peripheral sensitization: 2 h after dilute intraplantar carrageenan (0.25% w v(-1)); 24 h after irradiation of the hindpaw with ultraviolet (U.V.) B; immediately following prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) treatment. In all models the effect of alpha,beta-methylene ATP was greatly augmented. After carrageenan, significant hindpaw-lifting behaviour activity was induced by injection of only 0.05 nmol of alpha,beta-methylene ATP, some 100 times less than necessary in normal skin. 4. Our data suggest that it is much more likely that endogenous levels of ATP will reach levels capable of exciting nociceptors in inflamed versus normal skin. Our data also suggest the involvement of P2X3 receptor subunits in ATP-induced nociception.  (+info)

Effect of sodium glycyrrhetinate on chemical peritonitis in rats. (4/905)

AIM: To study the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of sodium glycyrrhetinate (SG). METHODS: Rat chemical peritonitis was used. The protein content and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) content in exudate were measured by Folin-phenol assay and RIA, respectively. SOD activity in neutrophils (Neu) was determined by pyrogallol-NBT colorimetry. cAMP content in Neu was detected by competitive protein binding assay. RESULTS: In peritonitis caused by histamine, SG 10-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume and Neu counts, and 5-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. lowered the protein content in exudate. In peritonitis induced by carrageenan, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume, Neu counts, protein content and PGE2 content in exudate, increased SOD activity in Neu, but did not affect beta-glucuronidase release from Neu. In peritonitis induced by arachidonic acid, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced Neu counts, protein content, and PGE2 content in exudate, and attenuated the reduction of cAMP level in Neu. CONCLUSION: SG exerts its anti-inflammatory action by lowering permeability of capillaries in inflammatory site, inhibiting Neu emigration and PGE2 biosynthesis, and scavenging oxygen free radicals.  (+info)

Beneficial effects of raxofelast (IRFI 016), a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant, in carrageenan-induced pleurisy. (5/905)

1. Peroxynitrite is a strong oxidant that results from reaction between NO and superoxide. It has been recently proposed that peroxynitrite plays a pathogenetic role in inflammatory processes. Here we have investigated the therapeutic efficacy of raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 2. In vivo treatment with raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1) intraperitoneally 5 min before carrageenan) prevented in a dose dependent manner carrageenan-induced pleural exudation and polymorphonuclear migration in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, as well as histological organ injury were significantly reduced by raxofelast. 3. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, a footprint of peroxynitrite, revealed a positive staining in lungs from carrageenan-treated rats. No positive nitrotyrosine staining was found in the lungs of the carrageenan-treated rats, which received raxofelast (20 mg kg 1) treatment. 4. Furthermore, in vivo raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1)) treatment significantly reduced peroxynitrite formation as measured by the oxidation of the fluorescent dihydrorhodamine 123, prevented the appearance of DNA damage, the decrease in mitochondrial respiration and partially restored the cellular level of NAD+ in ex vivo macrophages harvested from the pleural cavity of rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 5. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, exerts multiple protective effects in carrageenan-induced acute inflammation.  (+info)

Bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors, tumour necrosis factor alpha and inflammatory hyperalgesia. (6/905)

The effects of BK agonists and antagonists, and other hyperalgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs were measured (3 h after injection of hyperalgesic drugs) in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia (the end-point of which was indicated by a brief apnoea, the retraction of the head and forepaws, and muscular tremor). DALBK inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, DABK, and kallidin. Responses to kallidin and DABK were inhibited by indomethacin or atenolol and abolished by the combination of indomethacin + atenolol. DALBK or HOE 140, given 30 min before, but not 2 h after, carrageenin, BK, DABK and kallidin reduced hyperalgesic responses to these agents. A small dose of DABK+ a small dose of BK evoked a response similar to the response to a much larger dose of DABK or BK, given alone. Responses to BK were antagonized by HOE 140 whereas DALBK antagonized only responses to larger doses of BK. The combination of a small dose of DALBK with a small dose of HOE 140 abolished the response to BK. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (1 microg) was inhibited by DALBK or HOE 140 and abolished by DALBK + HOE 140. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (5 microg) was not antagonized by DALBK + HOE 140. These data suggest: (a) a predominant role for B2 receptors in mediating hyperalgesic responses to BK and to drugs that stimulate BK release, and (b) activation of the hyperalgesic cytokine cascade independently of both B1 and B2 receptors if the hyperalgesic stimulus is of sufficient magnitude.  (+info)

Limited anti-inflammatory efficacy of cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibition in carrageenan-airpouch inflammation. (7/905)

1. Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) is expressed at sites of inflammation and is believed to be the major source of inflammation-associated prostaglandin synthesis. Selective inhibition of COX-2 has been suggested to produce anti-inflammatory effects with reduced toxicity in the gastrointestinal tract. We examined the extent to which suppression of COX-2 led to inhibition of various components of inflammation in the carrageenan-airpouch model in the rat. 2. Indomethacin (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), nimesulide (> or =3 mg kg(-1)) and the selective COX-2 inhibitor, SC-58125 (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), significantly suppressed the production of prostaglandin E2 at the site of inflammation. At higher doses, indomethacin (> or =1 mg kg(-1)) and nimesulide (30 mg kg(-1)), but not SC-58125 (up to 10 mg kg(-1)), significantly inhibited COX-1 activity (as measured by whole blood thromboxane synthesis). 3. All three test drugs significantly reduced the volume of exudate in the airpouch, but only at doses greater than those required for substantial (>90%) suppression of COX-2 activity. Similarly, reduction of leukocyte infiltration was only observed with the doses of indomethacin and nimesulide that caused significant suppression of COX-1 activity. 4. SC-58125 did not significantly affect leukocyte infiltration into the airpouch at any dose tested (up to 10 mg kg(-1)). A second selective COX-2 inhibitor, Dup-697, was also found to suppress exudate PGE2 levels without significant effects on leukocyte infiltration. 5. These results indicate that selective inhibition of COX-2 results in profound suppression of PGE2 synthesis in the carrageenan-airpouch, but does not affect leukocyte infiltration. Exudate volume was only reduced with the highly selective COX-2 inhibitor when a dose far above that necessary for suppression of COX-2 activity was used. Inhibition of leukocyte infiltration was observed with indomethacin and nimesulide, but only at doses that inhibited both COX-1 and COX-2.  (+info)

Spinal blockade of opioid receptors prevents the analgesia produced by TENS in arthritic rats. (8/905)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for relief of pain. The literature on the clinical application of TENS is extensive. However, surprisingly few reports have addressed the neurophysiological basis for the actions of TENS. The gate control theory of pain is typically used to explain the actions of high-frequency TENS, whereas, low-frequency TENS is typically explained by release of endogenous opioids. The current study investigated the role of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors in antihyperalgesia produced by low- and high-frequency TENS by using an animal model of inflammation. Antagonists to mu (naloxone), delta (naltrinodole), or kappa (nor-binaltorphimine) opioid receptors were delivered to the spinal cord by microdialysis. Joint inflammation was induced by injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee-joint cavity. Withdrawal latency to heat was assessed before inflammation, during inflammation, after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid as a control) administration, and after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid) administration + TENS. Either high- (100 Hz) or low- frequency (4 Hz) TENS produced approximately 100% inhibition of hyperalgesia. Low doses of naloxone, selective for mu opioid receptors, blocked the antihyperalgesia produced by low-frequency TENS. High doses of naloxone, which also block delta and kappa opioid receptors, prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. Spinal blockade of delta opioid receptors dose-dependently prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. In contrast, blockade of kappa opioid receptors had no effect on the antihyperalgesia produced by either low- or high-frequency TENS. Thus, low-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through mu opioid receptors and high-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through delta opioid receptors in the spinal cord.  (+info)

Disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising semi-refined carrageenan. Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and semi-refined iota carrageenan. Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a combination of both semi-refined kappa and iota carrageenan. Such a formulation is preferably comprised of about 10% to about 20% refined kappa-2/lambda carrageenan; about 35% to about 50% refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about 20% standardizing agent; by dry weight. Specific formulations incorporating semi-refined carrageenan are described. Properties and characteristics exhibited by a toothpaste which incorporates the specific binder formulations are also described. Also disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising a semi-refined carrageenan, such
Gelling in carrageenan is caused by helix formation and this can only occur in repeat structures where the B residue is in a 1-C-4 conformation. Lambda carrageenan has both its sugar residues in a 4-C-1 conformation and does not form gels. All the gelling types of carrageenan which include κ and ι all contain a 3,6 anhydro bridge on the B unit which forces the sugar to flip from a 4-C-1 conformation to a 1-C-4 conformation and can then form cross-link networks and gels.. Some types of seaweed species contains relatively pure carrageenan fractions Eucheuma Cottonii contains largely κ carrageenan and μ carrageenan which may be converted to kappa carrageenan by alkali treatment. Eucheuma Spinosum contains a similarly high level of ι carrageenan with some ν carrageenan precursor. Furcellaran contains a strong gelling type carrageenan which is very much like kappa carrageenan. Other seaweed types, such as chondrus crispus and Gigartina types contain not only a mix of κ and λ type carrageenans ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
In this comment, three major points are addressed. These are: 1) exposure to carrageenan causes inflammation which is harmful; 2) the amount of carrageenan consumed in the human diet is sufficient to cause inflammation; 3) both undegraded and degraded carrageenan cause inflammation.. Carrageenan is used in food due to its potent chemical effects that improve the texture of food products, but carrageenan has no nutritional value. The same potent chemical effects that change the texture of processed foods can lead to harmful biological effects in human cells and in animals exposed to carrageenan.. Carrageenan has been used in thousands of biological experiments over several decades, because it predictably causes inflammation. Inflammation is well-known to be the basis for many human diseases and is associated with over 100 human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and arteriosclerosis, and inflammation is also linked to cancer.. Click here to view the rest of Dr. ...
Carrageenan is a polysaccharide that exists in the cell walls of marine red algae and is widely used in studies concerned with its antitumor and cytotoxic activities [10]. Previous findings show carrageenan as a potential antitumor agent [28-30]. Considering one of the hallmarks of cancer is uncontrolled proliferation, a consequence of the loss of normal cell-cycle control, there has been a. increasing interest in potential anticancer agents that affect the cell-cycles of cancer cells [31]. Thus, in this study we investigated how carrageenan affects tumor cell cycle.. In this study we demonstrated cytotoxic effects of carrageenan towards cell cycle of human cancer cells in HeLa expressing FUCCI probes [24]. Two types of carrageenan, kappa (k-CO) and lambda (λ-CO) carrageenan were used because sulfate contents vary in each type of carrageenan [32]. These sulfated moieties in saccharides are believed to play an important role in manifestation of beneficial bioactivity [33]. Thus cytotoxic ...
BioAssay record AID 408271 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema in sc dosed Albino rat assessed as inhibition of paw edema volume measured 4 hrs after carrageenan challenge.
Gigartina is one of the major species used in the extraction of carrageenan. Gigartina is wild harvested in various forms including Gigartina Skottsbergii off the coast of Argentina and Chile, Gigartina Stellata from the coast of France. Gigartina is a mixed weed type. Unlike in some weed types Gigartina has the various carrageenan types actually mixed up along the same polymer chain in a hybrid type of polymer. Iridaea is another type of South American weed found off the coast of Chile. Both of these weed types contain mixtures of kappa, iota and lambda carrageenan. Hybrid weed species are often preferred in some dairy applications.. Eucheuma is a pacific specie and comes in two major commercial forms, Eucheuma Cottonii andEucheuma Spinosum. Unlike the other weed types the Eucheuma species are relatively pure in the carrageenan type they contain. Cottonii is predominantly kappa carrageenan and Spinosum is largely iota carrageenan.This allows greater flexibility in formulation because you are ...
BioAssay record AID 396572 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity in Wistar rat assessed as inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema at 29.98 mg/kg, po administered 30 mins before carrageenan challenge measured 24 hrs after post drug dose.
When I first wrote about carrageenan on this site 10 years ago, I reported that some animal studies had linked degraded forms of carrageenan (the type not used in food) to ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. But around that time, a prominent researcher in the field, Joanne K. Tobacman, M.D., now associate professor of clinical medicine at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, conducted studies linking undegraded carrageenan - the type that is widely used in foods - with malignancies and other stomach problems. (Degraded and undegraded carrageenan differ by molecular weight with undegraded carrageenan having the higher weight ...
Development of a microbicide that prevents rectal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a vital component in reducing HIV spread. We recently demonstrated that a formulation of the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) MIV-150 in carrageenan reduced vaginal infection of macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239 with HIV-1_HXB2 reverse transcriptase (SHIV-RT). Herein, we performed the first testing of MIV-150-carrageenan against rectal infection. Rhesus macaques were treated rectally with MIV-150-carrageenan or methyl cellulose (MC) placebo gel up to 4 h prior to rectal challenge with 10^3 or 10^4 50% tissue culture infective doses (TCID_50) of SHIV-RT. Infection was assessed by measuring plasma virus RNA as well as T and B cell responses. MIV-150-carrageenan protected all animals challenged with 10^3 TCID_50 when gel was applied either 30 min or 4 h prior to challenge, while 100% of the MC-treated animals became infected (n = 4 each; P , 0.03). Partial ...
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. Yet any ingredient statement that lists this hydrocolloid disguises the fact that it may be one variation among a large family of polysaccharides derived from red algae. Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. Three types of carrageenan are used as food . . .
Ive seen information from two different camps on this topic. One of them claims that food grade carrageenan is from a natural source, seaweed, and that it has been used safely as a thickener for many decades. The other says that carrageenan can cause intestinal inflammation and damage. One study even showed a link to leukemia in animal testing; I think this has been largely discredited because they used non-food grade carrageenan. I notice that this ingredient is often used in creams and soy or almoond milk. Does anyone have further knowledge about the safety of this ingredient? ...
0065] Various exemplary embodiments provide a process for making a mixture including the ion-exchanged carrageenan extract. Referring to FIG. 13, in an exemplary process 1, a carrageenan extract 10 (such as a traditionally or neutrally extracted iota or kappa carrageenan extract) may pass under pressure to a valve 20. Valve 20 may be any device capable of controllably splitting the flow from input passage 10 into two portions: a first extract portion 22, and a second extract portion 25. For example, valve 20 may be a distribution valve or other like device. The value 20 may direct the second extract portion 25 to and into an ion exchanger 30. In exemplary embodiments, the ion exchanger 30 houses an ion-exchange material, such as a sodium form acidic cation exchanger. The amount of the ion-exchange material, and the rate of fluid flow through the ion exchanger may determine the efficiency of the ion exchange process (i.e., the amount of ions exchanged). As the second extract portion 25 flows ...
Dr. Weil recommends avoiding regular consumption of foods containing carrageenan. This is especially important for persons with inflammatory bowel disease.
Lambda Carrageenan is a natural polysaccharide present in some varieties of red algae, capable of forming colloidal dispersions or viscous gels in aqueo...
You might want to know is carrageenan a carcinogen or not since there are a lot of controversies surround this item, learn about the real answer here.
The Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI), is a quarterly and an editorially independent publication owned by Iran University of Medical Sciences and aims to be a publication of international repute for reporting current regional and international adventures in all aspects of the medicine. MJIRI welcomes contributions in this field in the form of original research articles, case reports, letter to the editor, review articles, brief communications, debate articles, and study protocols.
Syntheses of two deacetyl-thymosin β4 analogs and their anti-inflammatory effect on carrageenin-induced edema in the mouse paw. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
This year Im dressed up as the food additive, carrageenan, for Halloween. This unusual (and extremely nerdy food scientist) decision is my response to the rampant use of fear in food marketing and reformulations. Carrageenan Girl Have you recently been told to be afraid of a certain food additive? Related Posts: Food Additive Deep Dive…
Carrageenan food additive thicker. Causes GI problems, inflammation and cancer. IBS, IBD and stomach inflammation, problems and pain. Food products that are carrageenan free.
Chemcolloids are one of the UK largest suppliers of carrageenan for the food industry. Carrageenans are water soluble gums which are polysaccharides in nature and are extracted from certain species of red seaweed.
I see a lot of discussion about carrageenan. The polysaccharide carrageenan is the chemical that is processed out of Carrageen Seaweed known as Irish Moss. I am going to add an article for folks to read and maybe it will give both sides of the story so we can all make an educated decision for our health. ...
Fooding is a Carrageenan Gum(E407) Powder Manufacturers, Suppliers and Wholesalers in China. If you want to buy refined and semi Carrageenan with a good prices, please email Fooding Group Limited: [email protected]
Furcellaran is anionic partly sulphated polysaccharide which is classified together with carrageenan (E407).. The structure of furcellaran is similar to that of kappa carrageenan and has been described as a hybrid of kappa/beta carrageenans complex. The essential difference is that kappa carrageenan has one sulphate ester residue per two sugars, while furcellaran has one sulphate ester residue per three or four sugar residues.. Furcellaran is polysaccharide consisting of repeated disaccharide units of beta (R1 = R2 = H) and kappa carrageenan (R1 = SO3-, R2 = H). The structures of repeating disaccharide units of furcellaran and carrageenan are shown in figure 1.. ...
424-388 HydroLux 388 Carrageenan is a polysaccharide extracted from red seaweed. Classified as E407, the product is used as a thickener, stabilizer, gel...
Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary consequences.
Carrageenan is found in many gluten-free and dairy-free foods, despite the fact that it is the gold standard for causing inflammation in rats. Learn more
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , PhytoTechnology Laboratories \ CARRAGEENAN \ C257-1KG for more molecular products just contact us
Carrageenan is a red sea weed extract from carrageen algae such as Eucheuma or Gigartina. After harvest, the algae are dried, washed and purified th
We interviewed ingredient experts, food scientists and chemists to scrutinize 10 ingredients that have recently drawn ire in the natural space. Here we explore the question: Is carrageenan natural?
Carrageenan can improve product quality can be seen to improve the production rate; however, such as improper use, can not fully play its role.
Hi! Im hoping someone might be able to offer some advice. I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ever seen it in a store - online or in the real world? Googling has proven useless so Im assuming its just impossible but thought I would ask. Thanks! ...
Background Leukocytes containing opioid peptides locally control inflammatory pain. In the early phase of complete Freunds adjuvant (CFA)-induced hind paw inflammation, formyl peptides (derived e.g. from Mycobacterium butyricum) trigger the release of opioid peptides from neutrophils contributing to tonic basal antinociception. In the later phase we hypothesized that toll-like-receptor-(TLR)-4 activation of monocytes/macrophages triggers opioid peptide release and thereby stimulates peripheral opioid-dependent antinociception. Results In Wistar rats with CFA hind paw inflammation in the later inflammatory phase (48-96 h) systemic leukocyte depletion by cyclophosphamide (CTX) or locally injected naloxone (NLX) further decreased mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds. In vitro β-endorphin (β-END) content increased during human monocyte differentiation as well as in anti-inflammatory CD14+CD16- or non-classical M2 macrophages. Monocytes expressing TLR4 dose-dependently released β-END ...
Bumped into Carrageenan at a Greylight Projects opening, and after a conviluted attempt to explain heuristic network algorithms in French, the invitation was extended to traverse Létrangers studio threshold. Rather than play live Carrageenan chose to ruminate on a chance event, namely stumbling across a bunch of twee vinyl records abandoned on a Brussels street corner. Expect fuzz, pop, vinyl crackles and tambourines ahoy!. Bio: Carrageenan is a Parisian living in Brussels. He sets up a trestle table in the centre of his living room, loads it up with Casios and pedals, drinks (we imagine) a bucketload of pastis and then blasts this stuff out at neighbour-waking levels. Each of the five short tracks here is a splurge of electronic tonal and atonal dribble. It sputters and froths, a Satanic soothing, sitting at the pit of your stomach like battered gnocchi. Beautiful in the non-shallow way. - Golden Lab Records. FMA page : freemusicarchive.org/music/Carrageenan/ ...
Read it. Share it. And switch your kitties to a life of health today!. 19 April: Carrageenan: should it be in your cats food?. Does your canned cat food contain Carrageenan? Most do, yet studies have linked it to cancer, and there are hundreds of anecdotal stories of cats finding relief from multiple digestive system issues, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) when switched from carrageenan-containing products to carrageenan-free foods.. Whats this ingredient in my pets food?. Carrageenan: Just dont do it.. 19 April: Animal Medical Center (AMC) TO THE RESCUE. A new resource for pet rescues and adopters. If you are a 501(c)(3) rescue, you should apply for inclusion in this program; if you have an extra dollar or two, you should donate!. This fund was established specifically to provide subsidized specialty care to animals currently cared for by rescue groups, whose health has become an obstacle to their adoption. 19 April: The Purdue Vaccination ...
EXTRACTION PROCESSES Specific details of extraction processes are closely guarded as trade secrets by the several manufacturers of carrageenans, but broadly these follow a similar pattern. Weed, usually dried and baled, is received at the processing location from the harvesting location. The shipment may be sampled and the sample subjected to a test extraction to evaluate the quality of the extractive. Other need quality factors such as contents of moisture, sand and salt, and non-carrageenophytes are evaluated at this stage. Obtaining a representative sample from a weed shipment is not a trivial exercise, as weed quality may vary widely not only from one shipment to the next but also within a shipment, due to factors over which the processor may have but limited control. Sampling protocols used generally represent what is feasible rather than what a statistician might regard as adequate. Prior to plant-scale extraction the weed may be washed to remove adhering salts, sand, stones, and marine ...
The upregulation of PGE2in CSF, documented at 9 through 30 h after the start of hip replacement surgery, is similar to findings in animal models of peripheral inflammation. In rats with unilateral hind paw inflammation, CSF PGE2increased beginning at 6 h and peaked at 12 h after injection of complete Freunds adjuvant.13 After intraarticular injections of kaolin and carrageenan in the rat knee, there was a pronounced intraspinal release of PGE2at 7 to 9 h after injection.7 In both animal models, the increase in PGE2was accompanied by an upregulation of spinal COX-2 protein. CSF IL-6 was increased at 3 h from the start of hip surgery and remained elevated at 24 h. This is similar to another hip replacement study in which a single CSF IL-6 level obtained on postoperative day 1 was increased.22 The increase in CSF IL-6 at 24 h in our study was 283 pg·ml-1, whereas in the latter study, the CSF IL-6 increase was approximately 150 pg·ml-1, both under spinal anesthesia. In that study, CSF IL-10 did ...
URB937 is a peripherally restricted inhibitor of the anandamide-deactivating enzyme fatty-acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Despite its limited access to the CNS, URB937 produces marked antinociceptive effects in rodents. URB937 is actively extruded from the CNS by the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) membrane transporter, Abcg2. Tissue Abcg2 levels are markedly different between males and females, and this transporter is known to limit the access of xenobiotics to the fetoplacental unit in gestating female rodents. In the present study, we investigated the tissue distribution and antinociceptive properties of URB937 in female mice and rats.We studied the systemic disposition of URB937 in female mice and the antinociceptive effects of this compound in models of visceral (acetic acid-induced writhing) and inflammatory nociception (carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia) in female mice and rats. Furthermore, we evaluated the interaction of URB937 with the blood-placenta barrier in gestating mice and rats.Abcg2 ...
Ethyl pyruvate (EP) possesses anti-inflammatory activity. However, the potential anti-nociceptive value of EP for the treatment of the inflammatory nociception is largely unknown. We investigated whet
The subcutaneous air pouch is an in vivo model that can be used to study the components of acute and chronic inflammation, the resolution of the inflammatory response, the oxidative stress response, and potential therapeutic targets for treating inflammation
E No. : E407. E No. : E407. HS Code : 1302391100. CAS No. : 9000-07-1. FOODCHEM No. : K519. Qty in 20 FC : 16000.00 KGS. Min. Order : 500.00 KGS. Packaging : 25 KG/BAG. QC : ISO,Halal,Kosher. Payment Terms : L/C,D/A,D/P,T/T,O/A. Delivery Time : 2-3. ...
E No. : E407. E No. : E407. HS Code : 1302391100. CAS No. : 9000-07-1. FOODCHEM No. : K508. Qty in 20 FC : 16000.00 KGS. Min. Order : 500.00 KGS. Packaging : 25 KG/BAG. Payment Terms : L/C,D/A,D/P,T/T,O/A. Delivery Time : 2-3. ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
Functions: en:Carrier, Emulgent, Humectant, en:stabilizer, Espessidor. Carrageenans or carrageenins - karr-ə-gee-nənz, from Irish carraigín, little rock- are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds. They are widely used in the food industry, for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties. Their main application is in dairy and meat products, due to their strong binding to food proteins. There are three main varieties of carrageenan, which differ in their degree of sulfation. Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. Gelatinous extracts of the Chondrus crispus -Irish moss- seaweed have been used as food additives since approximately the fifteenth century. Carrageenan is a vegetarian and vegan alternative to gelatin in some applications or may be used to replace gelatin in confectionery. - Wikipedia ...
Inflammation and ulceration. Review study: Tobacman, J. (2001) Review of harmful gastrointestinal effects of carrageenan in animal experiments. Environmental Health Perspectives 109(10): 983-994.. Cell studies published after the Environmental Health Perspectives review: Borthakur, A., Bhattacharyya, S., et al. (2007) Carrageenan induces interleukin-8 production through distinct Bcl10 pathway in normal human colonic epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 292(3): G829-38.. Bhattacharyya, S., Dudeja, P.K. et al. (2008) Carrageenan-induced NFkappaB activation depends on distinct pathways mediated by reactive oxygen species and Hsp27 or by Bcl10. Biochimica and Biophysica Acta 1780(7-8): 973-82.. Bhattacharyya, S., Borthakur, A. et al. (2010) B-call CLL/lymphoma 10 (BCL10) is required for NF-kappaB production by both canonical and noncanonical pathways and for NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285: ...
High Quality Food Additive Carrageenan (CAS: 11114-20-8) (C24H36O25S2) picture from Hugestone Enterprise Co., Ltd. view photo of Carrageenan, Carrageenin, Carrageen.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Xanthii Fructus (XF) is the ripe fruits of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. (Compositae). In Sheng Nongs herbal classic (a book published 2,000 years ago), XF was first documented to be able to smooth nasal orifices (通鼻窍) and eliminate wind-dampness (祛风湿), and to be toxic. It is commonly used in managing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms that would today be diagnosed as cold, sinusitis and arthritis [1]. To reduce the toxicity and enhance the efficacy, XF is usually processed by stir-baking (炒). In the Chinese pharmacopoeia, more than ten Chinese proprietary drugs contain XF or stir-baked XF (SBXF). Chemical analyses revealed that XF contains water-soluble glycosides, sesquiterpene lactones and phenolic acids [2]. Pharmacological studies showed that XF has various bioactivities including anti-oxidant [3], anti-bacterial [4] and anti-inflammatory [5] properties. In a carrageenan-induced hind paw edema rat model, XF was shown to have anti-inflammatory effect as demonstrated by ...
This double blind placebo controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a carrageenan nasal spray for the treatment of adult patients with common cold symptoms. This study confirms the results of earlier studies in adults and children. For patients compliant to the protocol and positive for a cold virus infection, a reduction of disease duration of 2.1 days was observed. The results therefore confirm that the local antiviral effectiveness of carrageenan leads to a significant clinical benefit. A pronounced trend was also observed in the ITT-VP population although differences did not reach the level of statistical significance. The main difference between the ITT-VP and PP-VP populations is the use of concomitant medication during the study. Patients were excluded from the PP analysis due to insufficient use of study medication when a reduction of dosage of more than 20% corresponding to 1.5 days of treatment was documented. Thus it can be concluded that tested dosage of 3 times per day is ...
Chitosan, carrageenan and alginate are among the most abundant biopolymers in nature. They were prepared in uniform beads shape with a diameter of 2 mm ± 10%, using the encapsulator for removal of calcium, magnesium and iron cations from hard water. Solutions of 100-500 mg/L were prepared from each cation, and the detection of cations was carried out using atomic absorption spectrometer. Carrageenan and chitosan were able to chelate the three cations without further modification. However, alginate beads succeeded to chelate iron and magnesium and failed to chelate any calcium ions; in contrast, it increased the initial calcium concentration! That could be due to the pre-cross-linking of alginate beads using calcium chloride solution, which may be leaked back to the solution. However, grafting the alginate beads with polyethyleneimine and bromoacetic acid rectified this problem and the new functional group, -COOH, has been proved using the FT-IR. Optimization of the results in terms of beads ...
Hi everyone. Thanks so much for your feedback! So many extremely helpful links! Apparently there are plenty foods without carrageenan - but still hard to find brands without mixing proteins, etc. We are in the stage of trying to figure out what Maxwell is allergic to so its important to have a limited ingredient wet food. Right now he is on a venison wet food from WellBalance (or something close to that brand name). It does have carrageenan at the end of the list though. Our vet is telling us not to worry about that right now and keep him on the same food for six weeks so we can determine if he will be ok with vennison. (apparently it takes 6 weeks for the old protein to leave his body).. I was impressed with the ingredients of the Instinct line of Natures Valley (i believe was the brand name - geesh - Ive looked at so many). They also have a clay ingredient that cats eat naturally (in the wild) to heal themselves. Unfortunately they mix proteins so Im not sure we can try it right now.. I ...
Background and objectives: Otostegia persica (Labiatae) is an endemic plant of Iran and is used for its anti-inflammatory properties in folk medicine of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of O. Persica different fractions and identification of the natural compounds from the most active fraction. Methods: Total extract of O. Persica was fractionated with petroleum ether (PE), chloroform (CL), ethyl acetate (EA), n-butanol (BU) and methanol (ME). The analgesic activities of different fractions were determined by formalin test. Then, activity of effective fractions was investigated on carrageenan-induced paw edema assay. Finally, the compounds of effective fraction were isolated and their structures were elucidated. Results: Anti-nociceptive activity of EA and BU fractions (100 mg/kg) and ME fraction (100 and 200 mg/kg) demonstrated significant difference with normal saline during the second phase of the
Arrowhead Research Corporation, a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, has presented additional preclinical data suggesting that ARC-F12, an RNAi therapeutic that inhibits the production of Factor XII (F12), has the potential to treat HAE and to prevent thrombosis. Data presented in a poster at the 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting (AAAAI), show that ARC-F12 had the desired effects of significantly reduced swelling in a rat model of edema and inhibition of blood clot formation in a mouse model of thrombosis, without the undesired effect of increased bleeding risk.. In a carrageenan-induced paw edema model in rats, treatment with ARC-F12 seven days prior to carrageenan challenge led to a significant reduction in edema (p , 0.001). The reduction in swelling in ARC-F12 treated rats is similar to that seen in rats treated with a kallikrein-targeted antibody. This supports Arrowheads position that F12 inhibition could be an attractive ...
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Stahlianthus involucratus (Zingiberaceae) has long been used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation, pain, and fever. However, no pharmacological study of this plant has been reported to confirm these activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of Stahlianthus involucratus rhizome ethanol extract (SiE) in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS Anti-inflammatory activity of SiE was investigated in rats using ethyl phenylpropiolate (EPP)-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced hind paw edema, and cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation models. Acetic acid-induced writhing response in mice and tail-flick test in rats as well as yeast-induced hyperthermia in rats were used to investigate the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities, respectively. RESULTS SiE significantly inhibited EPP-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and AA-induced hind paw edema. Its inhibitory
HZ52 displays anti-inflammatory effectiveness in rats and protects mice against PAF-induced surprise Since many substances that potently inhibited 5-LO in vitro lacked effectiveness in vivo we 1st assessed the effectiveness of HZ52 in animal models linked to LTs thats carrageenan-induced pleurisy in rats and PAF-induced surprise in mice. a crucial part for 5690-03-9 supplier 5-LO items in the severe lethal toxicity of PAF in mice (Chen et al. 1994 Goulet et al. 1994 Byrum et al. 1997 which therefore represents the right model to check the in vivo effectiveness of LT-synthesis inhibitors (Lorrain et al. 2010 Administration of 200 μg·kg?1 PAF to vehicle-treated mice triggered 95% mortality within 30 min hence only 1 away of 20 animals survived. HZ52 in the dosage of 10 mg·kg?1 however not at 1.5 or 5 mg·kg?1 (i.p.) resulted in success of eight 5690-03-9 supplier out of 10 pets (Desk 2). Treatment using the 5-LO inhibitor zileuton in the dose of 10 mg·kg?1 (i.p.) prior to the PAF injection ...
Oxylipins are lipid peroxidation products that participate in nociceptive, inflammatory, and vascular responses to injury. Effects of oxylipins depend on tissue-specific differences in accumulation of precursor polyunsaturated fatty acids and the expression of specific enzymes to transform the precursors. The study of oxylipins in nociception has presented technical challenges leading to critical knowledge gaps in the way these molecules operate in nociception. We applied a systems-based approach to characterize oxylipin precursor fatty acids, and expression of genes coding for proteins involved in biosynthesis, transport, signaling and inactivation of pro- and anti-nociceptive oxylipins in pain circuit tissues. We further linked these pathways to nociception by demonstrating intraplantar carrageenan injection induced gene expression changes in oxylipin biosynthetic pathways. We determined functional-biochemical relevance of the proposed pathways in rat hind paw and dorsal spinal cord by ...
Ilse Van De Wiele. Carrageenan. Carrageenan is a sulfated polysaccharide food additive derived from red seaweed and commonly used in processed foods. In its degraded form, however, it has been shown to be dangerous to human health, and is implicated in cancer. In the U.S.-chaired Working Group meeting that week, NHF also strongly argued for the elimination of carrageenan and received an open-minded reception from the WG chairman as well as others; but, in the end, we were referred to the Food Additives Committee since the CCFFP takes its direction on carrageenan from that Committee. NHF intends to address this issue there. Other Issues The hot topic issue at the meeting, however, was not aluminum but rather scallops and the development of a Code of Practice for scallop products. Much debated by the delegates, this agenda item consumed an appreciable portion of the Committees time and energy.. Biotoxin assays were equally at play here, and the United States delegation led the way for a ...
In this study, hydrogels composed of natural polymer and its proper cross-linkers were prepared, and the physical properties of the hydrogels such as hardness, elasticity, stickiness and swelling were compared.. Hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel increased as concentration of κ-carrageenan increased (Table 1). Addition of K+ into κ-carrageenan by adding 0.2% KCl increased the hardness of the hydrogel, but addition of 1% alginate did not increase the hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel (Table 1). Hydrogel was not formed by CMC itself (Table 1). However, CMC was cross-linked with cationic ions such as Na+, Ca2+, and Al3+ (Table 1). Especially, addition of 0.2% DAA+TTA for generating Al3+ into CMC constructed CMC hydrogels that had higher hardness than other cross-linkers (Table 1). Agar hydrogels could be simply formed by heat treatment, and the hardness of gels increased by adding CMC 3%+2% (DAA+TTA) (Table 1). Although hydrogels exhibit high hardness, if the elasticity of the hydrogels are ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chitosan complexed carboxymethylated iota-carrageenan oral insulin particles. T2 - Stability, permeability and in vivo evaluation. AU - Sahoo, Pratyusa. AU - Leong, Kok Hoong. AU - Nyamathulla, Shaik. AU - Onuki, Yoshinori. AU - Takayama, Kozo. AU - Chung, Lip Yong. PY - 2019/9. Y1 - 2019/9. N2 - We previously reported that insulin-entrapped chitosan complexed carboxymethylated iota-carrageenan (CS/CMCi) particles exhibit pH-responsive swelling behavior. However, the particles stability in the enzymatic gastrointestinal environment, their drug permeability mechanism, and related in vivo studies have not been discussed to date. In this study, we investigated the stability, muco-adhesiveness, transport mechanism and in vivo assessment of the particles. The particles retained their bioactivity and displayed a generally stable behavior in the simulated enzymatic environment of the gastrointestinal tract with high muco-adhesiveness (79.1 ± 4.3%). The results of cellular membrane ...
Personal lubricant thats water-based and contains no silicone. This lube is made with carrageenan and other natural ingredients, providing relief from vaginal dryness and helping you enjoy great sex.
Insights into components governing image resolution of inflammatory pain happen to be of great importance for many long-term pain-associated disorders. IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia. Just lately we exhibited that IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia is certainly significantly long term in LysM-GRK2+/? mice which may have reduced degrees of G-protein-coupled radio kinase a couple of (GRK2) in LysM+ myeloid cells. In this article we demonstrate that adoptive transfer of wild-type although not of GRK2+/? bone marrow-derived monocytes normalizes ARL-15896 the image resolution of IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats. Adoptive copy of IL-10? /? cuboid marrow-derived monocytes failed to stabilize the life long IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? mice. We all show that GRK2+/ mechanistically? macrophages develop less IL-10 in vitro. In addition intrathecal IL-10 treatment attenuated IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats whereas zero ...
If the lubricant inevitably dries out, it could leave guiding a residue derived from another substances while in the formulation. This will demand reapplication throughout sexual intercourse, and/or removal with the residue with water. Some newer water-based lubricants are formulated with purely natural skin moisturizers, which include carrageenan, and could not leave a sticky residue immediately after evaporation. Carrageenan has also been proven being a potent inhibitor of human papillomavirus infection.[1] Carraguard, an aqueous gel that contains carrageenan made like a microbicide, has actually been revealed in some preliminary reports to inhibit HIV transmission, although effects happen to be combined. Researchers are screening whether anti-retroviral check it out lubricants or gels can be applied to assist during the avoidance of transmission of HIV.[two ...
A series of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivatives (MB1-MB5) were synthesized by mannich reaction. The purity of synthesized compounds were determined by melting point and TLC and their structure was established by various analytical techniques such as IR and 1HNMR spectral studies. The newly synthesized compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activities on carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats. Compounds MB1 and MB5 showed a significant anti-inflammatory activity when compared with standard drug indomethacin. The other compounds showed promising anti-inflammatory activity.
The present study was designed to clarify whether the recently detected IKKε is involved in inflammatory nociception and, if yes, whether this process is mediated by modulation of NF-κB activity. We showed that IKKε mRNA and protein are expressed in DRG and spinal cord and are upregulated during paw inflammation. Neurons and glia apparently contribute to this adaptation because we observed an upregulation of IKKε protein in primary cultured neurons, astrocytes, and microglia upon inflammatory stimulation. IKKε-deficient mice show attenuated nociceptive behavior in inflammatory models. This effect could be mimicked pharmacologically in C57BL/6 mice by treatment with the IKKε inhibitor BX795. From these results, we inferred that IKKε at basal levels is involved in early inflammatory nociception, as shown in the formalin test, whereas its upregulation contributes to the sensitization of the nervous system during inflammation and the manifestation of hyperalgesia, as observed in the late ...
The roles of prostaglandins (PGs) as mediators of inflammation have been extensively studied, and production of PGI2 and PGE2 at inflammatory sites has been reported. However, it has not yet been clarified which type of PG receptors has a major role in inflammatory exudation. To examine in vivo role of PG receptors in inflammatory exudation, we induced pleurisy in PG receptors (IP, EP1, EP2, EP3, or EP4) knockout mice by intrapleural injection of carrageenin. Pleural exudate accumulation in wild-type (WT) mice at 1 to 5 h, but not at 24 h, was significantly attenuated by the pretreatment with indomethacin, indicating that PGs are responsible for exudate formation at the early phase of pleurisy. Pleural exudation at 1 to 5 h in IP, EP2, or EP3 knockout mice, but not in EP1 and EP4 knockout, was significantly reduced compared with in WT mice. In the exudates, 6-keto-PGF1α and PGE2 were detected as the major PGs, each with its peak concentration at 3 h. In addition, involvement of bradykinin in ...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is a ligand activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear hormone receptors and suggested to be involved in inflammation and pain control. Little is known about its role at CNS level. We report that spinal and dorsal root ganglia PPAR-alpha expression is modulated by a peripheral inflammatory or a painful stimulus, and central administration of endogenous or synthetic PPAR-alpha agonists reduces both pain perception and inflammatory hyperalgesia in mice. Under inflammatory pain state, central PPAR-alpha activation modulates NF-kB nuclear signalling along sciatic nerve, dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord. Moreover, we evidence that PPAR-alpha receptor may physically reduce NF-kB activation during the early phase of pain signalling. In vivo co-immunoprecipitation experiments reveal a physical interaction between PPAR-alpha and NF-kB complex subunits. This interaction was strongly and rapidly increased in lumbar spinal cord of ...
Coruzzi, G; Adami, M; Guaita, E; De Esch, IJ; Leurs, R (2007). Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the selective histamine H4-receptor antagonists JNJ7777120 and VUF6002 in a rat model of carrageenan-induced acute inflammation. European Journal of Pharmacology 563 (1-3): 240-4. PMID 17382315. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.02.026. ...
Aim: To evaluate the effects of orally administered gadolinium orthovanadate GdVO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles (VNPs) on the course of chronic carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation. Methods: Samples of small intestinal tissue were collected from four groups of rats (intact, after administration of VNPs, with carrageenaninduced intestinal inflammation, with carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation orally exposed to VNPs) to assess the intestinal morphology and HSP90α expression. Levels of seromucoid, C-reactive protein, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 were determined in blood serum. Results: Oral exposure to VNPs was associated with neither elevation of inflammation markers in blood serum nor HSP90α overexpression in the small intestine, i.e. no toxic effects of VNPs were observed. Carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation was accompanied by higher levels of TNF-α and IL-1β, as well as HSP90α upregulation in the intestinal mucosa, compared with controls. Administration of VNPs to rats with ...
My next recipe was a Chocolate chantilly, foam, desert...it was a chocolate mousse/gel desert and then broken in too two other properties. The first was a mixture of water, sugar, heavy cream, melted chocolate, instant coffee and carrageenan. You heat all the ingredients to a minimum of 80 degrees Celsius (or 176 degrees Fahrenheit); then place in molds and chill. This first form is the desert portion...carrageenan causes the finished product to be silky smooth in a gel form. The second form was to but the gel into a blender and make a liquid gel...finally the final form was to place the liquid gel and charge it with nitrogen. You can then create the foam...the finished product is pictured below ...
Once a site has been chosen, a trial is made using the chosen species. A few lines are set out at each of several different parts of the site, small pieces of the seaweed are attached and their growth rate is monitored weekly. If after 2-3 months the daily growth rate is 3-5 percent, the site is probably suitable and a small farm can be established. Because of the larger capital outlay required for large installations, before venturing into large farms it is advisable to monitor conditions for a full year so that the effects of all weather and other ecological factors are known. Small family farms have been the most successful, partly because there is more incentive to provide the necessary care and maintenance to the farm they own rather than one owned by an employer.. Various problems can arise. Grazing fish can damage the crop. Siganids (rabbitfish) and puffers are common pests. Siganids are the most destructive, especially if the plants are all small: the entire crop can be devoured and even ...
The entire contents of this website are based upon the opinions of Yasmina Ykelenstam, unless otherwise noted. Individual articles are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience of Yasmina Ykelenstam and her community. Yasmina Ykelenstam encourages you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional.The content of this website and any provided materials, research, or communications are for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have ...
Made with sea water, fine sea salt and carrageenan extract, this spray smells like summer in a bottle - a fresh, salty scent reminiscent of being on the beach, by the sea. It also contains neroli, grapefruit and rosewood oils, which add that slightly zesty smell to it, so that its not as savoury as you would expect. Lush have included carrageenan, a seaweed extract, together with glycerine to hydrate the hair. So despite the addition of salt, which can be rather drying if not used correctly, this sea spray will keep your hair soft and manageable. Its a beautiful light and uplifting summery fragrance - one that can be enjoyed by females and males. It shares its scent with Happy Happy Joy Joy, which I was really happy about as I didnt have a lot of luck with that conditioner, despite enjoying its fragrance. ...
Were all familiar with almond milk, right? Its readily available at just about any grocery store now, with plenty of different brands selling it. Heres the deal, though. Store-bought almond milk (and all non-dairy milks) have a pile of unnecessary additives you dont want in your body. In particular, we should avoid carrageenan, which is commonly used in many non-dairy products (and sometimes in dairy items like sour cream) as a thickening agent. It can cause gastrointestinal issues in humans, especially those with disorders such as IBS. I know it bothers my stomach - it might be fine for you, and I dont want to tell you what to do. If you find, however, that your stomach is often upset after consuming an item with carrageenan in it, I suggest giving it a break for a while and seeing if your symptoms improve ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
You get it from marine algae (seaweed) - just like agar. Bob Friedel wrote in message ,7c3oin$mi0 at netaxs.com,... ,Carrageenan is a gum/thickening agent used in foods and pharmaceuticals. , ,Robert R. Friedel ,Quality Assurance Manager ,Laboratory Research & Analysis Groups ,Perritt Laboratories, Inc. ,rfriedel at perrittlab.com , ,Steve Newport wrote in message ,36e11928.10417610 at news.pavilion.net,... ,,Can anybody tell me what these are and where they come from ? , , ...
First in-human clinical trial of griffithsin, a naturally occurring anti-HIV protein, which limits risk of cross-resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) products. NEW YORK, NY-The Population Council today announced the enrollment of the first participant in the Phase I clinical trial evaluating PC-6500 (griffithsin in a carrageenan gel), an investigational multipurpose technology to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), two major threats to sexual health around the world. This is the first in-human study of griffithsin (GRFT), a naturally occurring algae protein that inhibits HIV and other pathogens, including Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2). Multipurpose products that prevent sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, must be a research and development priority, said James Sailer, vice president and executive director of the Center for Biomedical Research at the Population Council. We are excited to be enrolling participants in the first trial of a griffithsin-containing ...
Here is where I dont know from the many articles of evidence that I have read whether it is better or worse for those with autoimmune. Over-consumption may , and I say may, in some people make them more susceptible to viruses and bacterial infections, not to mention bacterial overgrowth. The cost of another stabilizer to keep things from separating might be a better idea. The milk industry is now trying to talk the FDA into letting them put Carrageenan in milk without listing it. This will inappropriately stop peoples allergy to the antigens in milk by weakening peoples immune system. I am thinking it could also cause us to have more severe reactions to lactose as it allows us to eat more lactose than we can adequately process and may bring up the acidity of the blood. Im sure the doctors will not complain about this. I dont think we were meant to eat red seaweed myself ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
Food scientists have developed a way to help stop the spread of HIV-suppositories made with carrageenan, an additive derived from seaweed.
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
water thickener for marbling_Carrageenan Info The Art of MarblingCarrageenan. The solution on which the colors are floated is referred to as the size. The size can be made of several different types of gel or gum, but the
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Study. U251 cells (56106) were injected into the right hind flank subcutaneously. When the tumors reached a volume of ,150 mm3 they were randomized into one of
"Ultrasonic relaxation of agarose and carrageenan gels. The role of solvent". Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday ...
Carrageenans are isolated from algae. Hyaluronan functions as a heparinoid when it is sulfated. Intra-articular injections of ...
Carrageenan may prevent HPV and HSV transmission, but not HIV. See Carrageenan#Medical Uses The phase III clinical trial for ... Thus, carrageenan and other microbicides of its class act as decoy receptors for viral binding.[citation needed] Carrageenan ... The polyanion category of microbicides includes the carrageenans. Carrageenans are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides ... carrageenan-based Carraguard showed that it had no statistical effect on HIV infection, according to results released in 2008. ...
Since the late 19th century, a boiled extract of the carrageenan-rich alga known as Irish moss (Chondrus crispus), has been ... Halfer discovered a method for preserving carrageenan, and his methods superseded earlier ones in Europe and the US. Marbling ... Today, many marblers use powdered carrageenan extracted from various seaweeds. Another plant-derived mucilage is made from ...
Lin, Chun-Ching; Hsu, YF; Lin, TC (1999). "Effects of punicalagin and punicalin on carrageenan-induced inflammation in rats". ...
Algae possess cell walls made of glycoproteins and polysaccharides such as carrageenan and agar that are absent from land ... carrageenan, porphyran, furcelleran and funoran. Other compounds that may accumulate in algal cell walls include sporopollenin ...
Carrageenan may be extracted from tropical seaweeds of the genera Kappaphycus and Eucheuma. Irish moss undergoes an alternation ... C. crispus is an industrial source of carrageenan commonly used as a thickener and stabilizer in milk products, such as ice ... It has been used as a model species to study photosynthesis, carrageenan biosynthesis, and stress responses. The nuclear genome ... The principal constituent is a mucilaginous body, made of the polysaccharide carrageenan, which constitutes 55% of its dry ...
K+, Rb+ and Cs+ ions produce strong κ-carrageenan and furcellaran gels, whereas Ca2+ ions aid the gelling of ι-carrageenan ( ... Furcellaran's physical properties (gel strengths, gelling and melting temperatures) are similar to κ-carrageenan. Carrageenans ... hybrid β/κ-carrageenan) can be extracted. Furcellaran is non-stoichometrically undersulphated κ-carrageenan, where every 3rd or ... When carrageenans are used as food additives in the EU, they are referred to as E407 (E407a is a Processed Eucheuma seaweed, ...
Polymers used in hydrogels include chitosan, dextran, kappa-carrageenan, alginate/gelatin and collagen/glycosaminoglycan. Other ...
... in carrageenan-induced pleurisy". Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 26 (1-2): 25-33. doi:10.1016/s0891-5849(98)00142-7. ...
Partial alternatives to gelatins derived from animals include the seaweed extracts agar and carrageenan, and the plant extracts ...
A crude extract of the seeds was shown to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in standard formalin and carrageenan ...
... noradrenergic or dual reuptake inhibitors in the carrageenan test in rats: evidence for synergism between serotonergic and ...
and Shemberg, the number one exporter of carrageenan. Mandaue City also accounts for 75 percent of the country's total exports ...
... carrageenan, and flavorings. It can be eaten cold or cooked in the same ways as traditional bologna. Food portal Mortadella ...
... carrageenan and xanthan gum). Cream, milkfat, sweeteners, water, salt, various seasonings and artificial color are sometimes ...
... gamma-Butyrolactone Caffeine Cantharidin Caprolactam Captan Carbaryl Carbazole 3-Carbethoxypsoralen Carmoisine Carrageenan ...
... just as carrageenan is used in the West. Gum tragacanth is also used in incense-making as a binder to hold all the powdered ...
... carrageenan. caramel swirl: sugar, water, corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, non fat milk solids, butter, salt, molasses, ...
... occupational exposure to hard bitumens and their emissions during mastic asphalt work Carrageenan, degraded (Poligeenan) ...
... a source of carrageenan), and often flavoured with almonds. It is usually set in a mould and served cold. Although ...
Formalin test of nociception and carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia in rats Antinociception, antihyperalgesic. Acmella ...
The concentration of κ-carrageenan is used to influence particle size distribution of the AgNPs.[13] ... Under ultrasound treatment, silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are synthesized with κ-carrageenan as a natural stabilizer. The ... "Green sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles at varying concentrations of κ-carrageenan". Nanoscale Research Letters ...
These compounds include fucoidans, carrageenans and ulvans that are used for their beneficial properties. These properties are ...
... for example kappa carrageenan will form strong gels (potassium activated) but iota carrageenan will not form gels and only ... Carrageenan (E407, a polysaccharide obtained from red seaweeds). *Locust bean gum (E410, a natural gum polysaccharide from the ... Iota carrageenan contains sodium chloride which improves gel formation. Sodium alginate produces a medium viscosity gel but may ... Sugar polymers include agar, carboxymethyl cellulose, pectin and carrageenan. Other thickening agents act on the proteins ...
... comparison with carrageenan». J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 310 (1): 272-80. PMID 14996947. doi:10.1124/jpet.103.063776. !CS1 manut ... antinociceptive effects of the selective histamine H4-receptor antagonists JNJ7777120 and VUF6002 in a rat model of carrageenan ...
Some ice cream is made with carrageenan, a gum found in seaweed so that it is not sticky. ...
Toisc go bhfuil an liosta bunaithe ar an leagan Béarla i 'Wikipedia en' beidh an leagan Béarla ar dtús agus an leagan Gaeilge ina dhiaidh. Tá súil agam, nuair atá méid áirithe den liosta aistrithe go Gaeilge gur féidir liosta i nGaeilge a chumadh nó i nGaeilge agus i mBéarla. ...
In a murine air pouch model of carrageenan/IL-1-induced inflammation, HA was observed to enhance cellular infiltration.[26][27] ...
Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary ... The latest suggests carrageenan consumption could possibly lead to a leaky gut by disrupting the integrity of the tight ... This moss is now the source of carrageenan, a fat substitute (perhaps most famously used in the failed McLean Deluxe) and a ... In 2008 I raised a concern about carrageenan. We had known for decades that it had harmful effects on laboratory animals, but ...
All carrageenans have the ability to form gels by cooling a solution of the carrageenan in hot milk. Even lambda-carrageenan, ... Table 4 World market for refined and semi-refined carrageenan Carrageenan Market size 1982 Volume growth, % Compound volume ... Table 3 Typical water applications of carrageenan Use Function Carrageenan type Approx. use level, % ... Figure 4 Carrageenan extract capacity vs. sales. Speciality gums, such as carrageenans, are sold on the basis of their ...
Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a ... Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 25% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; about 10% to about 20 ...
Just plain ol run of the mill work-a-day carrageenan. Maybe I should just start a carrageenan company, Id make a killing.. ... I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ...
Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. Three ... It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. Yet any ingredient statement that lists ... A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. ... Each type of carrageenan reacts differently when combined with proteins. Kappa-carrageenan, for example, reacts more strongly ...
Here we explore the question: Is carrageenan natural? ... Is carrageenan natural?. Explore our complete list of Is it ... Whats carrageenan used for? Matakas estimates the food-grade carrageenan business to be worth roughly $1 billion globally. ... What is carrageenan?. Red seaweed extract. Homemade versions using Chondrus crispus, a.k.a. "Irish moss" were used for ... "Degraded" carrageenan, a.k.a. "poligeenan," is extracted by boiling it in much stronger acid "like battery acid" for long ...
Weil recommends avoiding regular consumption of foods containing carrageenan. This is especially important for persons with ... Is Carrageenan Safe?. What can you tell me about carrageenan? I know that it is widely added to foods like ice cream and yogurt ... Despite such findings, carrageenan is still approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an additive and remains in ... Carrageenan is a common food additive with no nutritional value. It is extracted from a red seaweed, Chondrus crispus, ...
NOTE: Besides carrageenan, other irritants such as zymosan or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can be used to induce inflammation in ... Carrageenan‐induced acute inflammation in the mouse air pouch synovial model. Role of tumour necrosis factor. Mediators Inflamm ... Models of inflammation: Carrageenan air pouch in the rat. Curr. Protoc. Pharmacol. 5.6.1‐5.6.6. doi: 10.1002/0471141755. ... Effects of sera and exudate from carrageenan‐treated rats on two models of acute inflammation. Agents Actions 11:477‐481. doi: ...
MIV-150-carrageenan protected all animals challenged with 10^3 TCID_50 when gel was applied either 30 min or 4 h prior to ... Rhesus macaques were treated rectally with MIV-150-carrageenan or methyl cellulose (MC) placebo gel up to 4 h prior to rectal ... The nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor MIV-150 in carrageenan gel prevents rectal transmission of simian/human ... by MIV-150-carrageenan was observed for rectal challenge with 10-fold more virus applied 4 h after the gel. Sequencing of the ...
Even though carrageenan has been used by the food industry for nearly 50 years, it so reliably causes inflammation that ... "Carrageenan is also implicated in tumors and lesions of the intestine along with other inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid ... Ive seen several studies lately linking carrageenan, gut inflammation, and cancer. It is in the so delicious coconut milk and ...
Carrageenan is a red sea weed extract from carrageen algae such as Eucheuma or Gigartina. After harvest, the algae are dried, ...
Home » Information » Technical articles » Introduction to Carrageenan - Sources. Introduction to Carrageenan - Sources. The ... Cottonii is predominantly kappa carrageenan and Spinosum is largely iota carrageenan.This allows greater flexibility in ... Today Newfoundland is one of the main sources of chondrus crispus but it is not a major source of carrageenan in world terms. ... Unlike in some weed types Gigartina has the various carrageenan types actually mixed up along the same polymer chain in a ...
Home » Information » Technical articles » Introduction to Carrageenan - Structure. Introduction to Carrageenan - Structure. ... Iota Carrageenan. Gelling in carrageenan is caused by helix formation and this can only occur in repeat structures where the B ... Kappa Carrageenan. The regular backbone structure of The basic structure of carrageenan is disrupted by a more or less ordered ... Carrageenan can also contain some methoxy and pyruvate groups.. The original classification of carrageenan was determined by ...
CARRAGEENAN \ C257-1KG for more molecular products just contact us ... idsA TJEJU_2924] Endo-4S-kappa-carrageenan sulfatase, family S1-7 (EC 3.1.6.-). [TJEJU_2919] Endo-4S-iota-carrageenan sulfatase ... TJEJU_2911] Endo-4S-kappa-carrageenan sulphatase, family S1-19 (EC 3.1.6.-). [agaA] Alpha-agarase (EC 3.2.1.158). [cglA] Lambda ... 29281705] Anti-inflammatory effect of Allium hookeri on carrageenan-induced air pouch mouse model.. ...
Carrageenan can improve product quality can be seen to improve the production rate; however, such as improper use, can not ... Why in the meat processing by adding carrageenan. Carrageenan is a natural food additive, it is a red seaweed carrageenan, ... Therefore, carrageenan gum or compound (such as health Eagle carrageenan) is an additive necessary to meat production. ... Carrageenan gel formation with heat reversible, when the ham core temperature in the 75 ~ 85 ℃, the carrageenan is completely ...
If you want to buy refined and semi Carrageenan with a good prices, please email Fooding Group Limited: [email protected] ... Fooding is a Carrageenan Gum(E407) Powder Manufacturers, Suppliers and Wholesalers in China. ... Carrageenan has two kinds, one is refined carrageenan, the other is semi refined carrageenan.Carrageenan belong to food ... When Carrageenan is used in food products, carrageenan has the E-number E407 or E407a. When iota carrageenan is combined with ...
7.1.1 Refined carrageenan and filtered carrageenan. Refined carrageenan is the original carrageenan and until the late 1970s- ... The carrageenan producer is pleased because about 0.5 percent carrageenan is added, much more than the 0.05-0.1 percent used in ... The carrageenan is therefore dispersed in the water after the brine salts are added; the carrageenan does not dissolve because ... 7. CARRAGEENAN. There are several carrageenans, differing in their chemical structure and properties, and therefore in their ...
CARRAGEENAN, CARRAGEENIN, CHONDRUS, CHONDRUS CRISPUS (CARRAGEENAN), IRISH MOSS, and IRISH MOSS EXTRACT ... Carrageenan is a gelatinous polysaccharide material obtained from red seeweed (marine algae). ...
Carrageenan Chemical Formula: Synonyms. Seaweed extract Description. Carrageenan is a polysacharide with a backbone of the ... Carrageenan is widely used in dairy products because it forms complexes with calcium and milk proteins. It thickens and helps ...
Cornucopias guide to avoiding carrageenan in your food. *If you cut carrageenan out of your diet and noticed improvements in ... The carrageenan trade lobby group fought back hard, and found allies in companies like Group Danone (Stonyfield), CROPP ( ... Experimenting with a carrageenan-free diet has already resolved uncomfortable conditions for many, so if you suffer from ... If you have eliminated carrageenan from your diet for at least two weeks in an effort to find relief from gastrointestinal ...
Many companies that use carrageenan in their food and personal care products vehemently defend its use. Its not unusual to see ... It has come to our attention that some of their old inventory containing carrageenan still exists in the market. Their ... Bronners current toothpaste production is carrageenan-free.. For more on toothpaste, read Cornucopias report, Behind the ... Tell The Honest Company and Toms of Maine: Stop the Lies about Carrageenan! ...
Products containing CARRAGEENAN made by company: RJ Mineral Cosmetics There are no products in the database that match your ...
1 Carrageenan Market Overview. 2 Global Carrageenan Market Competition by Manufacturers. 3 Global Carrageenan Capacity, ... 6 Global Carrageenan Market Analysis by Application. 7 Global Carrageenan Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. 8 Carrageenan ... Global Carrageenan Market Research Report 2017. The Global Carrageenan Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional ... 4 Global Carrageenan Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2012-2017). 5 Global Carrageenan Production, ...
Our group has used carrageenan as an edible coating to delay banana fruit ripening. In this study, the effect of different ... The fruits were treated with 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% carrageenan and stored at two different temperatures, 26°C and 20°C. ... Carrageenan functional groups in banana peel samples as well as changes in surface structure of banana peel, color, weight loss ... carrageenan and storing them at a cool temperature (20°C). In addition, the result obtained from this study suggested that ...
Carrageenan are use as emulsifiers due to its water-binding properties. ... Explore Carrageenan, a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red seaweed. ... Carrageenan Skincare Benefits:. Product Stabilizer Carrageenan is a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red ... When applied, carrageenan is capable of enhancing the permeability and effectiveness of certain skincare formulations and ...
Good quality solution-state 13C NMR spectra were recorded and interpreted for this carrageenan and for the carrageenans ... Carrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta).. Falshaw R1, Furneaux RH. ... Aside from this small extra sulphate substitution, the structure is that of the idealised lambda-carrageenan. ...
Even though degraded carrageenan and food-grade carrageenan are different, the harmful effects of carrageenan in its degraded ... Even though degraded carrageenan and food-grade carrageenan are different, the harmful effects of carrageenan in its degraded ... Why is there concern about Carrageenan?. There are two forms of carrageenan: food-grade and degraded. Food grade carrageenan ... Is Carrageenan safe?. Yes, our extensive research has led us to conclude that food-grade carrageenan is safe to eat. ...
Changes in nociceptive reflex facilitation during carrageenan-induced arthritis.. Herrero JF1, Cervero F. ... Responses were studied in control and inflammatory conditions, using the carrageenan-induced mono-arthritis model. The results ...
... Archana Sharma,1 ... In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3- ... Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was ...
Miscellaneous: Anti-inflammatory, Betulinic acid, Carrageenan, Dexamethasone, Ellagic acid, Nitric oxide (NO), Peru, ...
The inclusion of the carrageenan matrix with echinochrome A ((Ech)-the active substance of the drug Histochrome) in liposomes ... Keywords: carrageenan; echinochrome A; liposomes; mucine; mucoadhesive properties carrageenan; echinochrome A; liposomes; ... Liposomal Form of the Echinochrome-Carrageenan Complex. Irina M. Yermak 1,* , Vladimir I. Gorbach 1. ... The inclusion of the carrageenan matrix with echinochrome A ((Ech)-the active substance of the drug Histochrome) in liposomes ...
The many dangers of carrageenan have yet to be studied, but some research indicates immune suppression, and colon and digestive ... The Dangers of Carrageenan. The most recent medical paper we have on carrageenans carcinogenicity suggests that carrageenan ... How to Avoid Carrageenan. One of the best ways you can avoid carrageenan is to avoid dairy-free milk products, this includes ... Nonetheless, carrageenan isnt free from health concerns. Isolated from seaweed, carrageenan is a polysaccharide compound that ...
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Cargills is a supplier of carrageenan that is extracted from red seaweed and is used as thermo reversible gelling and ... Lambda carrageenan: 3 sulfate units for two galactose molecules. It should be noted that carrageenan macromolecules are not ... Being very diverse, carrageenans can broadly be classified into three main "ideal" types of carrageenan, split into two groups: ... Carrageenans for innovative textures. The functionality of carrageenans was first discovered more than six hundred years ago. ...
Carrageenan is a major ingredient in the food industry and is used for its gelling, thickening and stabilizing properties. It ... of Carrageenan that can be added to food. The major players in this industry are Marcel Carrageenan, Seatech Carrageenan ... iota Carrageenan (two Sulphates) and Lambda Carrageenan (three Sulphates). The global Carrageenan industry was worth 762.35 ... The Carrageenan market has witnessed a CAGR of 5.2% in the last 3 years and is expected to grow consistently. Carrageenan is an ...
... a new carrageenan extract, based on 100% cultivated seaweed, which the company said creates a supply of sustainably-sourced ... Cargill expands carrageenan extract portfolio for dairy desserts. By Jim Cornall ... Cargill has created Satiagel Seabrid, a new carrageenan extract, based on 100% cultivated seaweed, which the company said ... carrageenans), fruits (pectins) and sugar fermentation (xanthan gum).. ...
What is carrageenan and what is it used for? Are there side effects or reasons to worry? Find answers in our NOW® Solutions Sea ... What is carrageenan and what is it used for?. Carrageenan, or carrageenan gum, is a derivative of Irish Moss or red algae that ... Is carrageenan considered safe to use topically or orally, as in toothpaste?. Yes. Food-grade carrageenan is different from, ... What part of the world is your carrageenan sourced from? Our carrageenan is primarily sourced from the Philippines, where an ...
USEFULNESS of Topic Ivermectin and Carrageenan to Prevent Contagion of Covid 19 (IVERCAR). The safety and scientific validity ... Combination Product: Iota carrageenan nasal spray and Ivermectin oral drops (used as buccal drops). ... Protective effect of a natural carrageenan on genital herpes simplex virus infection in mice. Antiviral Res. 2004 Nov;64(2):137 ... Standard prophylactic measures and PPEs + topical treatment with iota carrageenan (nasal and buccal) and ivermectin (buccal). ...
The common food additive carrageenan (CGN) predictably induces intestinal inflammation in animal models. Mechanisms of CGN- ... Carrageenan-induced innate immune response is modified by enzymes that hydrolyze distinct galactosidic bonds J Nutr Biochem. ... The common food additive carrageenan (CGN) predictably induces intestinal inflammation in animal models. Mechanisms of CGN- ...
  • Lambda-carrageenan will not gel but acts as a very good thickener. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Lambda Carrageenan is a natural polysaccharide present in some varieties of red algae, capable of forming colloidal dispersions or viscous gels in aqueous and/or milk media. (ulprospector.com)
  • Lambda Carrageenan is highly recommended for instant powder products where it is required to develop body without heating. (ulprospector.com)
  • Antineoplastic agents Antineoplastic agents: Based on in vitro study, lambda-carrageenan may inhibit angiogenesis and endothelial cell invasion and migration ( 7 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Antineoplastics Antineoplastics: Based on in vitro study, lambda-carrageenan may inhibit angiogenesis and endothelial cell invasion and migration ( 22 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Three types of carrageenan are used as food ingredients-kappa, iota and lambda-each of which differs in the percentage of 3,6 anhydro-D-galactose present and the amount of sulfation found among the repeating galactose units. (preparedfoods.com)
  • To know more is carrageenan a carcinogen or not, then you should also know there are two types of carrageenan that you can found today. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • These structural parameters affect the properties exhibited by each type of carrageenan. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Each type of carrageenan reacts differently when combined with proteins. (preparedfoods.com)
  • If the inflammation happens in long duration, it will increase the risk of cancer development, thus the possibility to be carcinogen is exist in this type of carrageenan. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • so the answer to question is carrageenan a carcinogen , actually carrageenan is not carcinogen but poligeenan which is different type of carrageenan that is not used in food has possibility to be a carcinogen. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • This moss is now the source of carrageenan, a fat substitute (perhaps most famously used in the failed McLean Deluxe) and a food additive used as a thickener in dairy and nondairy products . (care2.com)
  • Joanne K. Tobacman, MD, who has published multiple peer-reviewed studies on the biological effects of carrageenan, believes that all forms of it are harmful. (drweil.com)
  • These gels are characterized by a high degree of syneresis, or weeping, which can be controlled by blending with iota-carrageenan or locust bean gum. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Iota-carrageenan forms cohesive, elastic syneresis-free gels in the presence of calcium ions. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Kappa-carrageenan, for example, reacts more strongly with milk protein than either the iota or lambda variety. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Carrageenan is a common food additive with no nutritional value. (drweil.com)
  • Some animal studies have linked "degraded" forms of carrageenan (the type not used in food) to ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. (drweil.com)
  • In the present study, we investigated the tissue distribution and antinociceptive properties of URB937 in female mice and rats.We studied the systemic disposition of URB937 in female mice and the antinociceptive effects of this compound in models of visceral (acetic acid-induced writhing) and inflammatory nociception (carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia) in female mice and rats. (escholarship.org)
  • The reason is because the carrageenan can bind into the protein well, thus the food that made using carrageenan addition can be made without adding too much protein ingredient. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • The consistency, texture and appearance of that food will still be the same even without too much protein ingredient, with carrageenan addition. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • It is the only carrageenan that requires temperature for hydration because it has a content of about 35% ester sulfate and a low percentage of 3.6 anhydrogalactose confers its high hydration in water and cold milk, imparting high viscosity of these systems. (ulprospector.com)
  • And it appears that acid digestion, heating, bacterial action and mechanical processing can all accelerate degradation of food-grade carrageenan. (drweil.com)
  • One of them claims that food grade carrageenan is from a natural source, seaweed, and that it has been used safely as a thickener for many decades. (digestivehealthinstitute.org)
  • I think this has been largely discredited because they used non-food grade carrageenan. (digestivehealthinstitute.org)
  • Calcium Calcium: In animals, dietary carrageenan had no effect on calcium absorption ( 29 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Dr. Tobacman notes that researchers have used carrageenan to cause inflammation in tissues in order to test the anti-inflammatory properties of new drugs. (drweil.com)
  • Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. (preparedfoods.com)
  • A study by researchers in Canada and at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health published in 2017 found that consuming carrageenan can lead to ulcers and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (drweil.com)
  • Kappa-carrageenan is capable of forming rigid gels in the presence of potassium ions. (preparedfoods.com)
  • The research, conducted in animals, revealed that in most - but not all - cases carrageenan promoted intestinal ulcerations and other changes similar to those seen in humans with IBD. (drweil.com)
  • Ophthalmic agents Ophthalmic agents: Carrageenan has been tested as an anionic polymer to increase ophthalmic delivery of medication ( 26 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • I would, however, suggest that those with inflammatory bowel syndrome or other gastrointestinal problems try cutting out carrageenan at least temporarily to see if your symptoms improve. (care2.com)
  • Antilipemic agents Antilipemic agents: In humans, carrageenan-enriched foods decreased levels of cholesterol and triglycerides ( 1 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Antidiabetic agents Antidiabetic agents: In humans, carrageenan-enriched foods decreased postprandial blood glucose ( 2 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Similarly, I'd use potential concerns about carrageenan as additional motivation to avoid unhealthy foods, but I wouldn't cut out healthful foods until we know more. (care2.com)
  • It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. (preparedfoods.com)
  • More worrisome, undegraded carrageenan - the type that is widely used in foods - has now also been associated with malignancies and stomach problems. (drweil.com)
  • The investigators noted that carrageenan is widely used in processed foods eaten by children and that the incidence rate of IBD among kids has been increasing. (drweil.com)
  • I recommend avoiding regular consumption of foods containing carrageenan. (drweil.com)
  • Furthermore, you can easily found many kinds of food that contains carrageenan , everywhere since this item is used as additive on those foods. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • How to use carrageenan powder as the thickening agents, stabilizer, and binder for your products or foods? (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • One of the newer offerings is Ceambloom 3240™, a carrageenan designed for gelatin-free, jelly-type water desserts. (preparedfoods.com)
  • This process result a degraded carrageenan product that formally known as poligeenan by the industry people. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • Sadly people often mistake undegraded carrageenan as poligeenan even though both are different which make people wonder is carrageenan a carcinogen due to the controversies. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • Personally, after having reviewed the available evidence, I continue to view carrageenan the way I view acrylamide, another potential, but unproven hazard. (care2.com)
  • Home / Autoimmune Conditions and Diet / Carrageenan, is it safe? (digestivehealthinstitute.org)
  • Fast Tract Diet for SIBO › Forum › Autoimmune Conditions and Diet › Carrageenan, is it safe? (digestivehealthinstitute.org)
  • Azoxymethane Azoxymethane: When carrageenan was added to the diet of animals treated with azoxymethane, tumor incidence was increased over azoxymethane alone ( 12 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • We had known for decades that it had harmful effects on laboratory animals, but in 2008 the first study on human cells to "suggest that carrageenan exposure may have a role in development of human intestinal pathology" was conducted. (care2.com)
  • Antioxidants Antioxidants: In vitro, carrageenan prevented cell death following lymphocyte exposure to H2O2 and ultraviolet UVA ( 6 ). (nutritionhouse.com)
  • Some researchers advise consumers to select food products without carrageenan, accusing the FDA of "ignoring [its] harmful potential. (care2.com)
  • Carrageenans have been customized for use in baked goods, dairy products and meat applications. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Despite such findings, carrageenan is still approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an additive and remains in wide use in many food products. (drweil.com)
  • Gelymar is a global supplier that produces and markets carrageenan products for the Food, Beverage and Nutrition industry. (ulprospector.com)
  • With wide spread of the products that contain this substance, it is highly important to know is carrageenan a carcinogen or not. (indonesiacarrageenansuppliers.com)
  • A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Carrageenans also play an important role in meat applications. (preparedfoods.com)