A water-soluble extractive mixture of sulfated polysaccharides from RED ALGAE. Chief sources are the Irish moss CHONDRUS CRISPUS (Carrageen), and Gigartina stellata. It is used as a stabilizer, for suspending COCOA in chocolate manufacture, and to clarify BEVERAGES.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A salt produced by the reaction of zinc oxide with acetic acid and used as an astringent, styptic, and emetic.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.
A plant family of the order Lecythidales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: "high ridge"), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Pharmacologic agents delivered into the nostrils in the form of a mist or spray.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.
Plants of the division Rhodophyta, commonly known as red algae, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However, if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Some rhodophyta are notable SEAWEED (macroalgae).
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
A hemeprotein from leukocytes. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to a hereditary disorder coupled with disseminated moniliasis. It catalyzes the conversion of a donor and peroxide to an oxidized donor and water. EC 1.11.1.7.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Professionals who plan, organize and direct health education programs for the individual, groups and the community.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The use of diffusion ANISOTROPY data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging results to construct images based on the direction of the faster diffusing molecules.
A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
Dressings comprised of a self-adhesive matrix to which hydrophilic absorbent particles are embedded. The particles consist of CELLULOSE derivatives; calcium ALGINATES; PECTINS; or GELS. The utility is based on providing a moist environment for WOUND HEALING.
A genus of velvety smooth SPONGES in the family Suberitidae, characterized by the ectosomal and choanosomal skeletons dominated by tylostyles (pin-like spicules with a pinched bulbous end).
An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.

Characterization of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of ketorolac and its enantiomers in the rat. (1/905)

The marked analgesic efficacy of ketorolac in humans, relative to other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), has lead to speculation as to whether additional non-NSAID mechanism(s) contribute to its analgesic actions. To evaluate this possibility, we characterized (R,S)-ketorolac's pharmacological properties in vivo and in vitro using the nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors [indomethacin (INDO) and diclofenac sodium (DS)] as well as the selective COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, as references. The potency of racemic (R,S)-ketorolac was similar in tests of acetic acid-induced writhing, carrageenan-induced paw hyperalgesia, and carrageenan-induced edema formation in rats; ID50 values = 0.24, 0. 29, and 0.08 mg/kg, respectively. (R,S)-ketorolac's actions were stereospecific, with (S)-ketorolac possessing the biological activity of the racemate in the above tests. The analgesic potencies for (R,S)-, (S)-, and (R)-ketorolac, INDO, and DS were highly correlated with their anti-inflammatory potencies, suggesting a common mechanism. (R,S)-ketorolac was significantly more potent than INDO or DS in vivo. Neither difference in relative potency of COX inhibition for (R,S)-ketorolac over INDO and DS nor activity of (S)-ketorolac at a number of other enzymes, channels, or receptors could account for the differences in observed potency. The distribution coefficient for (R,S)-ketorolac was approximately 30-fold less than for DS or INDO, indicating that (R,S)-ketorolac is much less lipophilic than these NSAIDs. Therefore, the physicochemical and pharmacokinetics properties of (R,S)-ketorolac may optimize the concentrations of (S)-ketorolac at its biological target(s), resulting in greater efficacy and potency in vivo.  (+info)

Cytokine-mediated inflammatory hyperalgesia limited by interleukin-4. (2/905)

1. The effect of IL-4 on responses to intraplantar (i.pl.) carrageenin, bradykinin, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2 was investigated in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. Also, the cellular source of the IL-4 was investigated. 2. IL-4, 30 min before the stimulus, inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, and TNFalpha, but not responses to IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2. 3. IL-4, 2 h before the injection of IL-1beta, did not affect the response to IL-1beta, whereas IL-4, 12 or 12+2 h before the IL-1beta, inhibited the hyperalgesia (-30%, -74%, respectively). 4. In murine peritoneal macrophages, murine IL-4 for 2 h before stimulation with LPS, inhibited (-40%) the production of IL-1beta but not PGE2. Murine IL-4 (for 16 h before stimulation with LPS) inhibited LPS-stimulated PGE2 but not IL-1beta. 5. Anti-murine IL-4 antibodies potentiated responses to carrageenin, bradykinin and TNFalpha, but not IL-1beta and IL-8, as well as responses to bradykinin in athymic rats but not in rats depleted of mast cells with compound 40/80. 6. These data suggest that IL-4 released by mast cells limits inflammatory hyperalgesia. During the early phase of the inflammatory response the mode of action of the IL-4 appears to be inhibition of the production TNFalpha, IL-1beta and IL-8. In the later phase of the response, in addition to inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-4 also may inhibit the release of PGs.  (+info)

The effects of inflammation and inflammatory mediators on nociceptive behaviour induced by ATP analogues in the rat. (3/905)

1. We have studied the behavioural effects of intraplantar injections of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and related compounds in freely moving rats and investigated whether these nociceptive effects are augmented in the presence of inflammatory mediators. 2. We find that in normal animals ATP and analogues produce dose-dependent nocifensive behaviour (seen as bursts of elevation of the treated hindpaw), and localized thermal hyperalgesia. The rank order of potency was: alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate (alpha,beta-methylene ATP) > 2-methylthioadenosine triphosphate (2-methylthio ATP) > ATP. After neonatal treatment with capsaicin, to destroy small calibre primary sensory neurones, nocifensive behaviour was largely absent. 3. The effects of ATP analogues were assessed in three models of peripheral sensitization: 2 h after dilute intraplantar carrageenan (0.25% w v(-1)); 24 h after irradiation of the hindpaw with ultraviolet (U.V.) B; immediately following prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) treatment. In all models the effect of alpha,beta-methylene ATP was greatly augmented. After carrageenan, significant hindpaw-lifting behaviour activity was induced by injection of only 0.05 nmol of alpha,beta-methylene ATP, some 100 times less than necessary in normal skin. 4. Our data suggest that it is much more likely that endogenous levels of ATP will reach levels capable of exciting nociceptors in inflamed versus normal skin. Our data also suggest the involvement of P2X3 receptor subunits in ATP-induced nociception.  (+info)

Effect of sodium glycyrrhetinate on chemical peritonitis in rats. (4/905)

AIM: To study the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of sodium glycyrrhetinate (SG). METHODS: Rat chemical peritonitis was used. The protein content and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) content in exudate were measured by Folin-phenol assay and RIA, respectively. SOD activity in neutrophils (Neu) was determined by pyrogallol-NBT colorimetry. cAMP content in Neu was detected by competitive protein binding assay. RESULTS: In peritonitis caused by histamine, SG 10-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume and Neu counts, and 5-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. lowered the protein content in exudate. In peritonitis induced by carrageenan, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume, Neu counts, protein content and PGE2 content in exudate, increased SOD activity in Neu, but did not affect beta-glucuronidase release from Neu. In peritonitis induced by arachidonic acid, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced Neu counts, protein content, and PGE2 content in exudate, and attenuated the reduction of cAMP level in Neu. CONCLUSION: SG exerts its anti-inflammatory action by lowering permeability of capillaries in inflammatory site, inhibiting Neu emigration and PGE2 biosynthesis, and scavenging oxygen free radicals.  (+info)

Beneficial effects of raxofelast (IRFI 016), a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant, in carrageenan-induced pleurisy. (5/905)

1. Peroxynitrite is a strong oxidant that results from reaction between NO and superoxide. It has been recently proposed that peroxynitrite plays a pathogenetic role in inflammatory processes. Here we have investigated the therapeutic efficacy of raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 2. In vivo treatment with raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1) intraperitoneally 5 min before carrageenan) prevented in a dose dependent manner carrageenan-induced pleural exudation and polymorphonuclear migration in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, as well as histological organ injury were significantly reduced by raxofelast. 3. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, a footprint of peroxynitrite, revealed a positive staining in lungs from carrageenan-treated rats. No positive nitrotyrosine staining was found in the lungs of the carrageenan-treated rats, which received raxofelast (20 mg kg 1) treatment. 4. Furthermore, in vivo raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1)) treatment significantly reduced peroxynitrite formation as measured by the oxidation of the fluorescent dihydrorhodamine 123, prevented the appearance of DNA damage, the decrease in mitochondrial respiration and partially restored the cellular level of NAD+ in ex vivo macrophages harvested from the pleural cavity of rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 5. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, exerts multiple protective effects in carrageenan-induced acute inflammation.  (+info)

Bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors, tumour necrosis factor alpha and inflammatory hyperalgesia. (6/905)

The effects of BK agonists and antagonists, and other hyperalgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs were measured (3 h after injection of hyperalgesic drugs) in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia (the end-point of which was indicated by a brief apnoea, the retraction of the head and forepaws, and muscular tremor). DALBK inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, DABK, and kallidin. Responses to kallidin and DABK were inhibited by indomethacin or atenolol and abolished by the combination of indomethacin + atenolol. DALBK or HOE 140, given 30 min before, but not 2 h after, carrageenin, BK, DABK and kallidin reduced hyperalgesic responses to these agents. A small dose of DABK+ a small dose of BK evoked a response similar to the response to a much larger dose of DABK or BK, given alone. Responses to BK were antagonized by HOE 140 whereas DALBK antagonized only responses to larger doses of BK. The combination of a small dose of DALBK with a small dose of HOE 140 abolished the response to BK. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (1 microg) was inhibited by DALBK or HOE 140 and abolished by DALBK + HOE 140. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (5 microg) was not antagonized by DALBK + HOE 140. These data suggest: (a) a predominant role for B2 receptors in mediating hyperalgesic responses to BK and to drugs that stimulate BK release, and (b) activation of the hyperalgesic cytokine cascade independently of both B1 and B2 receptors if the hyperalgesic stimulus is of sufficient magnitude.  (+info)

Limited anti-inflammatory efficacy of cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibition in carrageenan-airpouch inflammation. (7/905)

1. Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) is expressed at sites of inflammation and is believed to be the major source of inflammation-associated prostaglandin synthesis. Selective inhibition of COX-2 has been suggested to produce anti-inflammatory effects with reduced toxicity in the gastrointestinal tract. We examined the extent to which suppression of COX-2 led to inhibition of various components of inflammation in the carrageenan-airpouch model in the rat. 2. Indomethacin (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), nimesulide (> or =3 mg kg(-1)) and the selective COX-2 inhibitor, SC-58125 (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), significantly suppressed the production of prostaglandin E2 at the site of inflammation. At higher doses, indomethacin (> or =1 mg kg(-1)) and nimesulide (30 mg kg(-1)), but not SC-58125 (up to 10 mg kg(-1)), significantly inhibited COX-1 activity (as measured by whole blood thromboxane synthesis). 3. All three test drugs significantly reduced the volume of exudate in the airpouch, but only at doses greater than those required for substantial (>90%) suppression of COX-2 activity. Similarly, reduction of leukocyte infiltration was only observed with the doses of indomethacin and nimesulide that caused significant suppression of COX-1 activity. 4. SC-58125 did not significantly affect leukocyte infiltration into the airpouch at any dose tested (up to 10 mg kg(-1)). A second selective COX-2 inhibitor, Dup-697, was also found to suppress exudate PGE2 levels without significant effects on leukocyte infiltration. 5. These results indicate that selective inhibition of COX-2 results in profound suppression of PGE2 synthesis in the carrageenan-airpouch, but does not affect leukocyte infiltration. Exudate volume was only reduced with the highly selective COX-2 inhibitor when a dose far above that necessary for suppression of COX-2 activity was used. Inhibition of leukocyte infiltration was observed with indomethacin and nimesulide, but only at doses that inhibited both COX-1 and COX-2.  (+info)

Spinal blockade of opioid receptors prevents the analgesia produced by TENS in arthritic rats. (8/905)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for relief of pain. The literature on the clinical application of TENS is extensive. However, surprisingly few reports have addressed the neurophysiological basis for the actions of TENS. The gate control theory of pain is typically used to explain the actions of high-frequency TENS, whereas, low-frequency TENS is typically explained by release of endogenous opioids. The current study investigated the role of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors in antihyperalgesia produced by low- and high-frequency TENS by using an animal model of inflammation. Antagonists to mu (naloxone), delta (naltrinodole), or kappa (nor-binaltorphimine) opioid receptors were delivered to the spinal cord by microdialysis. Joint inflammation was induced by injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee-joint cavity. Withdrawal latency to heat was assessed before inflammation, during inflammation, after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid as a control) administration, and after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid) administration + TENS. Either high- (100 Hz) or low- frequency (4 Hz) TENS produced approximately 100% inhibition of hyperalgesia. Low doses of naloxone, selective for mu opioid receptors, blocked the antihyperalgesia produced by low-frequency TENS. High doses of naloxone, which also block delta and kappa opioid receptors, prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. Spinal blockade of delta opioid receptors dose-dependently prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. In contrast, blockade of kappa opioid receptors had no effect on the antihyperalgesia produced by either low- or high-frequency TENS. Thus, low-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through mu opioid receptors and high-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through delta opioid receptors in the spinal cord.  (+info)

Disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising semi-refined carrageenan. Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and semi-refined iota carrageenan. Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a combination of both semi-refined kappa and iota carrageenan. Such a formulation is preferably comprised of about 10% to about 20% refined kappa-2/lambda carrageenan; about 35% to about 50% refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about 20% standardizing agent; by dry weight. Specific formulations incorporating semi-refined carrageenan are described. Properties and characteristics exhibited by a toothpaste which incorporates the specific binder formulations are also described. Also disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising a semi-refined carrageenan, such
Gelling in carrageenan is caused by helix formation and this can only occur in repeat structures where the B residue is in a 1-C-4 conformation. Lambda carrageenan has both its sugar residues in a 4-C-1 conformation and does not form gels. All the gelling types of carrageenan which include κ and ι all contain a 3,6 anhydro bridge on the B unit which forces the sugar to flip from a 4-C-1 conformation to a 1-C-4 conformation and can then form cross-link networks and gels.. Some types of seaweed species contains relatively pure carrageenan fractions Eucheuma Cottonii contains largely κ carrageenan and μ carrageenan which may be converted to kappa carrageenan by alkali treatment. Eucheuma Spinosum contains a similarly high level of ι carrageenan with some ν carrageenan precursor. Furcellaran contains a strong gelling type carrageenan which is very much like kappa carrageenan. Other seaweed types, such as chondrus crispus and Gigartina types contain not only a mix of κ and λ type carrageenans ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
In this comment, three major points are addressed. These are: 1) exposure to carrageenan causes inflammation which is harmful; 2) the amount of carrageenan consumed in the human diet is sufficient to cause inflammation; 3) both undegraded and degraded carrageenan cause inflammation.. Carrageenan is used in food due to its potent chemical effects that improve the texture of food products, but carrageenan has no nutritional value. The same potent chemical effects that change the texture of processed foods can lead to harmful biological effects in human cells and in animals exposed to carrageenan.. Carrageenan has been used in thousands of biological experiments over several decades, because it predictably causes inflammation. Inflammation is well-known to be the basis for many human diseases and is associated with over 100 human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and arteriosclerosis, and inflammation is also linked to cancer.. Click here to view the rest of Dr. ...
Carrageenan is a polysaccharide that exists in the cell walls of marine red algae and is widely used in studies concerned with its antitumor and cytotoxic activities [10]. Previous findings show carrageenan as a potential antitumor agent [28-30]. Considering one of the hallmarks of cancer is uncontrolled proliferation, a consequence of the loss of normal cell-cycle control, there has been a. increasing interest in potential anticancer agents that affect the cell-cycles of cancer cells [31]. Thus, in this study we investigated how carrageenan affects tumor cell cycle.. In this study we demonstrated cytotoxic effects of carrageenan towards cell cycle of human cancer cells in HeLa expressing FUCCI probes [24]. Two types of carrageenan, kappa (k-CO) and lambda (λ-CO) carrageenan were used because sulfate contents vary in each type of carrageenan [32]. These sulfated moieties in saccharides are believed to play an important role in manifestation of beneficial bioactivity [33]. Thus cytotoxic ...
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BioAssay record AID 408271 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema in sc dosed Albino rat assessed as inhibition of paw edema volume measured 4 hrs after carrageenan challenge.
Gigartina is one of the major species used in the extraction of carrageenan. Gigartina is wild harvested in various forms including Gigartina Skottsbergii off the coast of Argentina and Chile, Gigartina Stellata from the coast of France. Gigartina is a mixed weed type. Unlike in some weed types Gigartina has the various carrageenan types actually mixed up along the same polymer chain in a hybrid type of polymer. Iridaea is another type of South American weed found off the coast of Chile. Both of these weed types contain mixtures of kappa, iota and lambda carrageenan. Hybrid weed species are often preferred in some dairy applications.. Eucheuma is a pacific specie and comes in two major commercial forms, Eucheuma Cottonii andEucheuma Spinosum. Unlike the other weed types the Eucheuma species are relatively pure in the carrageenan type they contain. Cottonii is predominantly kappa carrageenan and Spinosum is largely iota carrageenan.This allows greater flexibility in formulation because you are ...
BioAssay record AID 396572 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity in Wistar rat assessed as inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema at 29.98 mg/kg, po administered 30 mins before carrageenan challenge measured 24 hrs after post drug dose.
When I first wrote about carrageenan on this site 10 years ago, I reported that some animal studies had linked degraded forms of carrageenan (the type not used in food) to ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. But around that time, a prominent researcher in the field, Joanne K. Tobacman, M.D., now associate professor of clinical medicine at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, conducted studies linking undegraded carrageenan - the type that is widely used in foods - with malignancies and other stomach problems. (Degraded and undegraded carrageenan differ by molecular weight with undegraded carrageenan having the higher weight ...
Development of a microbicide that prevents rectal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a vital component in reducing HIV spread. We recently demonstrated that a formulation of the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) MIV-150 in carrageenan reduced vaginal infection of macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239 with HIV-1_HXB2 reverse transcriptase (SHIV-RT). Herein, we performed the first testing of MIV-150-carrageenan against rectal infection. Rhesus macaques were treated rectally with MIV-150-carrageenan or methyl cellulose (MC) placebo gel up to 4 h prior to rectal challenge with 10^3 or 10^4 50% tissue culture infective doses (TCID_50) of SHIV-RT. Infection was assessed by measuring plasma virus RNA as well as T and B cell responses. MIV-150-carrageenan protected all animals challenged with 10^3 TCID_50 when gel was applied either 30 min or 4 h prior to challenge, while 100% of the MC-treated animals became infected (n = 4 each; P , 0.03). Partial ...
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. Yet any ingredient statement that lists this hydrocolloid disguises the fact that it may be one variation among a large family of polysaccharides derived from red algae. Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. Three types of carrageenan are used as food . . .
Ive seen information from two different camps on this topic. One of them claims that food grade carrageenan is from a natural source, seaweed, and that it has been used safely as a thickener for many decades. The other says that carrageenan can cause intestinal inflammation and damage. One study even showed a link to leukemia in animal testing; I think this has been largely discredited because they used non-food grade carrageenan. I notice that this ingredient is often used in creams and soy or almoond milk. Does anyone have further knowledge about the safety of this ingredient? ...
0065] Various exemplary embodiments provide a process for making a mixture including the ion-exchanged carrageenan extract. Referring to FIG. 13, in an exemplary process 1, a carrageenan extract 10 (such as a traditionally or neutrally extracted iota or kappa carrageenan extract) may pass under pressure to a valve 20. Valve 20 may be any device capable of controllably splitting the flow from input passage 10 into two portions: a first extract portion 22, and a second extract portion 25. For example, valve 20 may be a distribution valve or other like device. The value 20 may direct the second extract portion 25 to and into an ion exchanger 30. In exemplary embodiments, the ion exchanger 30 houses an ion-exchange material, such as a sodium form acidic cation exchanger. The amount of the ion-exchange material, and the rate of fluid flow through the ion exchanger may determine the efficiency of the ion exchange process (i.e., the amount of ions exchanged). As the second extract portion 25 flows ...
Dr. Weil recommends avoiding regular consumption of foods containing carrageenan. This is especially important for persons with inflammatory bowel disease.
Lambda Carrageenan is a natural polysaccharide present in some varieties of red algae, capable of forming colloidal dispersions or viscous gels in aqueo...
You might want to know is carrageenan a carcinogen or not since there are a lot of controversies surround this item, learn about the real answer here.
Introduction. The safety of generally recognized as safe food additives E407 and E407a is under rigorous debate. The aim of our research was to evaluate the effects of the orally administered food additive E407a (semi-refined carrageenan) on the viability of lymphocytes and their cell death modes. Methods. Totally, 16 adult WAG rats were divided into two equal groups (experimental - oral intake of 140 mg/kg of E407a during 2 weeks; control - oral consumption of drinking water instead). Blood samples were used to obtain leukocyte suspensions stained with Annexin V-FITC and 7-aminoactinomycin D (7-AAD). The region of lymphocytes was analyzed after collecting data using a BD FACSCanto™ II flow cytometer. Results. Oral administration of E407a led to a decrease in the amount of viable (Annexin V-, 7-AAD-) circulating lymphocytes. Furthermore, exposure to semi-refined carrageenan resulted in an elevated number of early apoptotic (Annexin V+, 7-AAD-) lymphocytes. Their percentage was approximately 4 times
The Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI), is a quarterly and an editorially independent publication owned by Iran University of Medical Sciences and aims to be a publication of international repute for reporting current regional and international adventures in all aspects of the medicine. MJIRI welcomes contributions in this field in the form of original research articles, case reports, letter to the editor, review articles, brief communications, debate articles, and study protocols.
To investigate the role of phospholipase C (PLC) in inflammatory processes, we tested 1-(6-((17β-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122), a widely used PLC inhibitor, in several in vitro and in vivo assays. We first examined the effects of U73122 on human phospholipase C-β (PLC-β) isozymes and found that U73122 significantly inhibited recombinant human PLC-β2, with an IC50 of ∼6 μM. U73122 had little effect on PLC-β1, PLC-β3, or PLC-β4. Consistent with its ability to inhibit PLC-β2 enzymatic activity, U73122 reduced interleukin-8 and leukotriene B4-induced Ca2+ flux and chemotaxis in human neutrophils in a concentration-dependent manner. In vivo, U73122 blocked carrageenan-induced hind paw edema in rats, carrageenan-induced macrophage and lymphocyte accumulation into subcutaneous chambers in dogs, lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage, lymphocyte infiltration and prostaglandin E2 production in a mouse peritonitis model, and ...
Syntheses of two deacetyl-thymosin β4 analogs and their anti-inflammatory effect on carrageenin-induced edema in the mouse paw. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
This year Im dressed up as the food additive, carrageenan, for Halloween. This unusual (and extremely nerdy food scientist) decision is my response to the rampant use of fear in food marketing and reformulations. Carrageenan Girl Have you recently been told to be afraid of a certain food additive? Related Posts: Food Additive Deep Dive…
Carrageenan food additive thicker. Causes GI problems, inflammation and cancer. IBS, IBD and stomach inflammation, problems and pain. Food products that are carrageenan free.
Chemcolloids are one of the UK largest suppliers of carrageenan for the food industry. Carrageenans are water soluble gums which are polysaccharides in nature and are extracted from certain species of red seaweed.
I see a lot of discussion about carrageenan. The polysaccharide carrageenan is the chemical that is processed out of Carrageen Seaweed known as Irish Moss. I am going to add an article for folks to read and maybe it will give both sides of the story so we can all make an educated decision for our health. ...
Fooding is a Carrageenan Gum(E407) Powder Manufacturers, Suppliers and Wholesalers in China. If you want to buy refined and semi Carrageenan with a good prices, please email Fooding Group Limited: [email protected]
Furcellaran is anionic partly sulphated polysaccharide which is classified together with carrageenan (E407).. The structure of furcellaran is similar to that of kappa carrageenan and has been described as a hybrid of kappa/beta carrageenans complex. The essential difference is that kappa carrageenan has one sulphate ester residue per two sugars, while furcellaran has one sulphate ester residue per three or four sugar residues.. Furcellaran is polysaccharide consisting of repeated disaccharide units of beta (R1 = R2 = H) and kappa carrageenan (R1 = SO3-, R2 = H). The structures of repeating disaccharide units of furcellaran and carrageenan are shown in figure 1.. ...
424-388 HydroLux 388 Carrageenan is a polysaccharide extracted from red seaweed. Classified as E407, the product is used as a thickener, stabilizer, gel...
Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary consequences.
Carrageenan is made from parts of various red algae or seaweeds and is used for medicine. Contents Uses Benefits Cautions Interactions Other names References Uses They a
Carrageenan is found in many gluten-free and dairy-free foods, despite the fact that it is the gold standard for causing inflammation in rats. Learn more
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , PhytoTechnology Laboratories \ CARRAGEENAN \ C257-1KG for more molecular products just contact us
Carrageenan is a red sea weed extract from carrageen algae such as Eucheuma or Gigartina. After harvest, the algae are dried, washed and purified th
We interviewed ingredient experts, food scientists and chemists to scrutinize 10 ingredients that have recently drawn ire in the natural space. Here we explore the question: Is carrageenan natural?
Buy Pure Refined Carrageenan - 500g - This is a Vegetarian product. Product Type:Water dessert jelly, (ready to eat jellies), processed cheese, gelled desserts (flans& puddings), dairy bev
Carrageenan can improve product quality can be seen to improve the production rate; however, such as improper use, can not fully play its role.
Hi! Im hoping someone might be able to offer some advice. I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ever seen it in a store - online or in the real world? Googling has proven useless so Im assuming its just impossible but thought I would ask. Thanks! ...
Background Leukocytes containing opioid peptides locally control inflammatory pain. In the early phase of complete Freunds adjuvant (CFA)-induced hind paw inflammation, formyl peptides (derived e.g. from Mycobacterium butyricum) trigger the release of opioid peptides from neutrophils contributing to tonic basal antinociception. In the later phase we hypothesized that toll-like-receptor-(TLR)-4 activation of monocytes/macrophages triggers opioid peptide release and thereby stimulates peripheral opioid-dependent antinociception. Results In Wistar rats with CFA hind paw inflammation in the later inflammatory phase (48-96 h) systemic leukocyte depletion by cyclophosphamide (CTX) or locally injected naloxone (NLX) further decreased mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds. In vitro β-endorphin (β-END) content increased during human monocyte differentiation as well as in anti-inflammatory CD14+CD16- or non-classical M2 macrophages. Monocytes expressing TLR4 dose-dependently released β-END ...
Bumped into Carrageenan at a Greylight Projects opening, and after a conviluted attempt to explain heuristic network algorithms in French, the invitation was extended to traverse Létrangers studio threshold. Rather than play live Carrageenan chose to ruminate on a chance event, namely stumbling across a bunch of twee vinyl records abandoned on a Brussels street corner. Expect fuzz, pop, vinyl crackles and tambourines ahoy!. Bio: Carrageenan is a Parisian living in Brussels. He sets up a trestle table in the centre of his living room, loads it up with Casios and pedals, drinks (we imagine) a bucketload of pastis and then blasts this stuff out at neighbour-waking levels. Each of the five short tracks here is a splurge of electronic tonal and atonal dribble. It sputters and froths, a Satanic soothing, sitting at the pit of your stomach like battered gnocchi. Beautiful in the non-shallow way. - Golden Lab Records. FMA page : freemusicarchive.org/music/Carrageenan/ ...
Read it. Share it. And switch your kitties to a life of health today!. 19 April: Carrageenan: should it be in your cats food?. Does your canned cat food contain Carrageenan? Most do, yet studies have linked it to cancer, and there are hundreds of anecdotal stories of cats finding relief from multiple digestive system issues, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) when switched from carrageenan-containing products to carrageenan-free foods.. Whats this ingredient in my pets food?. Carrageenan: Just dont do it.. 19 April: Animal Medical Center (AMC) TO THE RESCUE. A new resource for pet rescues and adopters. If you are a 501(c)(3) rescue, you should apply for inclusion in this program; if you have an extra dollar or two, you should donate!. This fund was established specifically to provide subsidized specialty care to animals currently cared for by rescue groups, whose health has become an obstacle to their adoption. 19 April: The Purdue Vaccination ...
EXTRACTION PROCESSES Specific details of extraction processes are closely guarded as trade secrets by the several manufacturers of carrageenans, but broadly these follow a similar pattern. Weed, usually dried and baled, is received at the processing location from the harvesting location. The shipment may be sampled and the sample subjected to a test extraction to evaluate the quality of the extractive. Other need quality factors such as contents of moisture, sand and salt, and non-carrageenophytes are evaluated at this stage. Obtaining a representative sample from a weed shipment is not a trivial exercise, as weed quality may vary widely not only from one shipment to the next but also within a shipment, due to factors over which the processor may have but limited control. Sampling protocols used generally represent what is feasible rather than what a statistician might regard as adequate. Prior to plant-scale extraction the weed may be washed to remove adhering salts, sand, stones, and marine ...
The upregulation of PGE2in CSF, documented at 9 through 30 h after the start of hip replacement surgery, is similar to findings in animal models of peripheral inflammation. In rats with unilateral hind paw inflammation, CSF PGE2increased beginning at 6 h and peaked at 12 h after injection of complete Freunds adjuvant.13 After intraarticular injections of kaolin and carrageenan in the rat knee, there was a pronounced intraspinal release of PGE2at 7 to 9 h after injection.7 In both animal models, the increase in PGE2was accompanied by an upregulation of spinal COX-2 protein. CSF IL-6 was increased at 3 h from the start of hip surgery and remained elevated at 24 h. This is similar to another hip replacement study in which a single CSF IL-6 level obtained on postoperative day 1 was increased.22 The increase in CSF IL-6 at 24 h in our study was 283 pg·ml-1, whereas in the latter study, the CSF IL-6 increase was approximately 150 pg·ml-1, both under spinal anesthesia. In that study, CSF IL-10 did ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
Tunnel type carrageenan microwave dryer machine/carrageenan microwave sterilization machine manufacturer/supplier, China Nut drying machine manufacturer & Industrial Microwave Systems Co Ltd. factory list, Nut drying machine starts with: Washing; Drying; Calibrating; Cracking (pre-cracking, shell removal, post-cracking, sorting and kernel calibration). We are on hand to provide help and advice for all of these processing steps. If you are interested, we are happy to crack nuts for you in our demonstration centre.
Functions: en:Carrier, Emulgent, Humectant, en:stabilizer, Espessidor. Carrageenans or carrageenins - karr-ə-gee-nənz, from Irish carraigín, little rock- are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds. They are widely used in the food industry, for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties. Their main application is in dairy and meat products, due to their strong binding to food proteins. There are three main varieties of carrageenan, which differ in their degree of sulfation. Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. Gelatinous extracts of the Chondrus crispus -Irish moss- seaweed have been used as food additives since approximately the fifteenth century. Carrageenan is a vegetarian and vegan alternative to gelatin in some applications or may be used to replace gelatin in confectionery. - Wikipedia ...
Inflammation and ulceration. Review study: Tobacman, J. (2001) Review of harmful gastrointestinal effects of carrageenan in animal experiments. Environmental Health Perspectives 109(10): 983-994.. Cell studies published after the Environmental Health Perspectives review: Borthakur, A., Bhattacharyya, S., et al. (2007) Carrageenan induces interleukin-8 production through distinct Bcl10 pathway in normal human colonic epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 292(3): G829-38.. Bhattacharyya, S., Dudeja, P.K. et al. (2008) Carrageenan-induced NFkappaB activation depends on distinct pathways mediated by reactive oxygen species and Hsp27 or by Bcl10. Biochimica and Biophysica Acta 1780(7-8): 973-82.. Bhattacharyya, S., Borthakur, A. et al. (2010) B-call CLL/lymphoma 10 (BCL10) is required for NF-kappaB production by both canonical and noncanonical pathways and for NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285: ...
High Quality Food Additive Carrageenan (CAS: 11114-20-8) (C24H36O25S2) picture from Hugestone Enterprise Co., Ltd. view photo of Carrageenan, Carrageenin, Carrageen.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Xanthii Fructus (XF) is the ripe fruits of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. (Compositae). In Sheng Nongs herbal classic (a book published 2,000 years ago), XF was first documented to be able to smooth nasal orifices (通鼻窍) and eliminate wind-dampness (祛风湿), and to be toxic. It is commonly used in managing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms that would today be diagnosed as cold, sinusitis and arthritis [1]. To reduce the toxicity and enhance the efficacy, XF is usually processed by stir-baking (炒). In the Chinese pharmacopoeia, more than ten Chinese proprietary drugs contain XF or stir-baked XF (SBXF). Chemical analyses revealed that XF contains water-soluble glycosides, sesquiterpene lactones and phenolic acids [2]. Pharmacological studies showed that XF has various bioactivities including anti-oxidant [3], anti-bacterial [4] and anti-inflammatory [5] properties. In a carrageenan-induced hind paw edema rat model, XF was shown to have anti-inflammatory effect as demonstrated by ...
This double blind placebo controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a carrageenan nasal spray for the treatment of adult patients with common cold symptoms. This study confirms the results of earlier studies in adults and children. For patients compliant to the protocol and positive for a cold virus infection, a reduction of disease duration of 2.1 days was observed. The results therefore confirm that the local antiviral effectiveness of carrageenan leads to a significant clinical benefit. A pronounced trend was also observed in the ITT-VP population although differences did not reach the level of statistical significance. The main difference between the ITT-VP and PP-VP populations is the use of concomitant medication during the study. Patients were excluded from the PP analysis due to insufficient use of study medication when a reduction of dosage of more than 20% corresponding to 1.5 days of treatment was documented. Thus it can be concluded that tested dosage of 3 times per day is ...
Chitosan, carrageenan and alginate are among the most abundant biopolymers in nature. They were prepared in uniform beads shape with a diameter of 2 mm ± 10%, using the encapsulator for removal of calcium, magnesium and iron cations from hard water. Solutions of 100-500 mg/L were prepared from each cation, and the detection of cations was carried out using atomic absorption spectrometer. Carrageenan and chitosan were able to chelate the three cations without further modification. However, alginate beads succeeded to chelate iron and magnesium and failed to chelate any calcium ions; in contrast, it increased the initial calcium concentration! That could be due to the pre-cross-linking of alginate beads using calcium chloride solution, which may be leaked back to the solution. However, grafting the alginate beads with polyethyleneimine and bromoacetic acid rectified this problem and the new functional group, -COOH, has been proved using the FT-IR. Optimization of the results in terms of beads ...
Hi everyone. Thanks so much for your feedback! So many extremely helpful links! Apparently there are plenty foods without carrageenan - but still hard to find brands without mixing proteins, etc. We are in the stage of trying to figure out what Maxwell is allergic to so its important to have a limited ingredient wet food. Right now he is on a venison wet food from WellBalance (or something close to that brand name). It does have carrageenan at the end of the list though. Our vet is telling us not to worry about that right now and keep him on the same food for six weeks so we can determine if he will be ok with vennison. (apparently it takes 6 weeks for the old protein to leave his body).. I was impressed with the ingredients of the Instinct line of Natures Valley (i believe was the brand name - geesh - Ive looked at so many). They also have a clay ingredient that cats eat naturally (in the wild) to heal themselves. Unfortunately they mix proteins so Im not sure we can try it right now.. I ...
Background and objectives: Otostegia persica (Labiatae) is an endemic plant of Iran and is used for its anti-inflammatory properties in folk medicine of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of O. Persica different fractions and identification of the natural compounds from the most active fraction. Methods: Total extract of O. Persica was fractionated with petroleum ether (PE), chloroform (CL), ethyl acetate (EA), n-butanol (BU) and methanol (ME). The analgesic activities of different fractions were determined by formalin test. Then, activity of effective fractions was investigated on carrageenan-induced paw edema assay. Finally, the compounds of effective fraction were isolated and their structures were elucidated. Results: Anti-nociceptive activity of EA and BU fractions (100 mg/kg) and ME fraction (100 and 200 mg/kg) demonstrated significant difference with normal saline during the second phase of the
Arrowhead Research Corporation, a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, has presented additional preclinical data suggesting that ARC-F12, an RNAi therapeutic that inhibits the production of Factor XII (F12), has the potential to treat HAE and to prevent thrombosis. Data presented in a poster at the 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting (AAAAI), show that ARC-F12 had the desired effects of significantly reduced swelling in a rat model of edema and inhibition of blood clot formation in a mouse model of thrombosis, without the undesired effect of increased bleeding risk.. In a carrageenan-induced paw edema model in rats, treatment with ARC-F12 seven days prior to carrageenan challenge led to a significant reduction in edema (p , 0.001). The reduction in swelling in ARC-F12 treated rats is similar to that seen in rats treated with a kallikrein-targeted antibody. This supports Arrowheads position that F12 inhibition could be an attractive ...
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Stahlianthus involucratus (Zingiberaceae) has long been used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation, pain, and fever. However, no pharmacological study of this plant has been reported to confirm these activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of Stahlianthus involucratus rhizome ethanol extract (SiE) in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS Anti-inflammatory activity of SiE was investigated in rats using ethyl phenylpropiolate (EPP)-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced hind paw edema, and cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation models. Acetic acid-induced writhing response in mice and tail-flick test in rats as well as yeast-induced hyperthermia in rats were used to investigate the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities, respectively. RESULTS SiE significantly inhibited EPP-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and AA-induced hind paw edema. Its inhibitory
HZ52 displays anti-inflammatory effectiveness in rats and protects mice against PAF-induced surprise Since many substances that potently inhibited 5-LO in vitro lacked effectiveness in vivo we 1st assessed the effectiveness of HZ52 in animal models linked to LTs thats carrageenan-induced pleurisy in rats and PAF-induced surprise in mice. a crucial part for 5690-03-9 supplier 5-LO items in the severe lethal toxicity of PAF in mice (Chen et al. 1994 Goulet et al. 1994 Byrum et al. 1997 which therefore represents the right model to check the in vivo effectiveness of LT-synthesis inhibitors (Lorrain et al. 2010 Administration of 200 μg·kg?1 PAF to vehicle-treated mice triggered 95% mortality within 30 min hence only 1 away of 20 animals survived. HZ52 in the dosage of 10 mg·kg?1 however not at 1.5 or 5 mg·kg?1 (i.p.) resulted in success of eight 5690-03-9 supplier out of 10 pets (Desk 2). Treatment using the 5-LO inhibitor zileuton in the dose of 10 mg·kg?1 (i.p.) prior to the PAF injection ...
Oxylipins are lipid peroxidation products that participate in nociceptive, inflammatory, and vascular responses to injury. Effects of oxylipins depend on tissue-specific differences in accumulation of precursor polyunsaturated fatty acids and the expression of specific enzymes to transform the precursors. The study of oxylipins in nociception has presented technical challenges leading to critical knowledge gaps in the way these molecules operate in nociception. We applied a systems-based approach to characterize oxylipin precursor fatty acids, and expression of genes coding for proteins involved in biosynthesis, transport, signaling and inactivation of pro- and anti-nociceptive oxylipins in pain circuit tissues. We further linked these pathways to nociception by demonstrating intraplantar carrageenan injection induced gene expression changes in oxylipin biosynthetic pathways. We determined functional-biochemical relevance of the proposed pathways in rat hind paw and dorsal spinal cord by ...
A method to measure cutaneous hyperalgesia to thermal stimulation in unrestrained animals is described. The testing paradigm uses an automated detection of the behavioral end-point; repeated testing does not contribute to the development of the observed hyperalgesia. Carrageenan-induced inflammation resulted in significantly shorter paw withdrawal latencies as compared to saline-treated paws and these latency changes corresponded to a decreased thermal nociceptive threshold. Both the thermal method and the Randall-Selitto mechanical method detected dose-related hyperalgesia and its blockade by either morphine or indomethacin. However, the thermal method showed greater bioassay sensitivity and allowed for the measurement of other behavioral parameters in addition to the nociceptive threshold.
Ilse Van De Wiele. Carrageenan. Carrageenan is a sulfated polysaccharide food additive derived from red seaweed and commonly used in processed foods. In its degraded form, however, it has been shown to be dangerous to human health, and is implicated in cancer. In the U.S.-chaired Working Group meeting that week, NHF also strongly argued for the elimination of carrageenan and received an open-minded reception from the WG chairman as well as others; but, in the end, we were referred to the Food Additives Committee since the CCFFP takes its direction on carrageenan from that Committee. NHF intends to address this issue there. Other Issues The hot topic issue at the meeting, however, was not aluminum but rather scallops and the development of a Code of Practice for scallop products. Much debated by the delegates, this agenda item consumed an appreciable portion of the Committees time and energy.. Biotoxin assays were equally at play here, and the United States delegation led the way for a ...
In this study, hydrogels composed of natural polymer and its proper cross-linkers were prepared, and the physical properties of the hydrogels such as hardness, elasticity, stickiness and swelling were compared.. Hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel increased as concentration of κ-carrageenan increased (Table 1). Addition of K+ into κ-carrageenan by adding 0.2% KCl increased the hardness of the hydrogel, but addition of 1% alginate did not increase the hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel (Table 1). Hydrogel was not formed by CMC itself (Table 1). However, CMC was cross-linked with cationic ions such as Na+, Ca2+, and Al3+ (Table 1). Especially, addition of 0.2% DAA+TTA for generating Al3+ into CMC constructed CMC hydrogels that had higher hardness than other cross-linkers (Table 1). Agar hydrogels could be simply formed by heat treatment, and the hardness of gels increased by adding CMC 3%+2% (DAA+TTA) (Table 1). Although hydrogels exhibit high hardness, if the elasticity of the hydrogels are ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chitosan complexed carboxymethylated iota-carrageenan oral insulin particles. T2 - Stability, permeability and in vivo evaluation. AU - Sahoo, Pratyusa. AU - Leong, Kok Hoong. AU - Nyamathulla, Shaik. AU - Onuki, Yoshinori. AU - Takayama, Kozo. AU - Chung, Lip Yong. PY - 2019/9. Y1 - 2019/9. N2 - We previously reported that insulin-entrapped chitosan complexed carboxymethylated iota-carrageenan (CS/CMCi) particles exhibit pH-responsive swelling behavior. However, the particles stability in the enzymatic gastrointestinal environment, their drug permeability mechanism, and related in vivo studies have not been discussed to date. In this study, we investigated the stability, muco-adhesiveness, transport mechanism and in vivo assessment of the particles. The particles retained their bioactivity and displayed a generally stable behavior in the simulated enzymatic environment of the gastrointestinal tract with high muco-adhesiveness (79.1 ± 4.3%). The results of cellular membrane ...
Personal lubricant thats water-based and contains no silicone. This lube is made with carrageenan and other natural ingredients, providing relief from vaginal dryness and helping you enjoy great sex.
Insights into components governing image resolution of inflammatory pain happen to be of great importance for many long-term pain-associated disorders. IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia. Just lately we exhibited that IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia is certainly significantly long term in LysM-GRK2+/? mice which may have reduced degrees of G-protein-coupled radio kinase a couple of (GRK2) in LysM+ myeloid cells. In this article we demonstrate that adoptive transfer of wild-type although not of GRK2+/? bone marrow-derived monocytes normalizes ARL-15896 the image resolution of IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats. Adoptive copy of IL-10? /? cuboid marrow-derived monocytes failed to stabilize the life long IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? mice. We all show that GRK2+/ mechanistically? macrophages develop less IL-10 in vitro. In addition intrathecal IL-10 treatment attenuated IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats whereas zero ...
If the lubricant inevitably dries out, it could leave guiding a residue derived from another substances while in the formulation. This will demand reapplication throughout sexual intercourse, and/or removal with the residue with water. Some newer water-based lubricants are formulated with purely natural skin moisturizers, which include carrageenan, and could not leave a sticky residue immediately after evaporation. Carrageenan has also been proven being a potent inhibitor of human papillomavirus infection.[1] Carraguard, an aqueous gel that contains carrageenan made like a microbicide, has actually been revealed in some preliminary reports to inhibit HIV transmission, although effects happen to be combined. Researchers are screening whether anti-retroviral check it out lubricants or gels can be applied to assist during the avoidance of transmission of HIV.[two ...
Everyone has, at some time, been served a sauce so overthickened with starch that it turned as gluey as wallpaper paste. The flavor is usually even worse than the texture because the gluey starch inhibits flavor release, which is how the flavor chemicals get to your taste buds.. Cooks today have much better alternatives: modern hydrocolloids, which are powders that set or thicken when mixed with water. Traditional starches and gelatin are hydrocolloids, but now stores have begun to carry many other hydrocolloids that are even more useful, such as agar, carrageenan, locust bean gum, and xanthan gum.. Both agar and carrageenan are extracts made from seaweed. If you have ever played with seaweed on the beach, youve noted its rubbery and gel-like consistency. Agar has been used in Japanese cooking for a thousand years, but has only just become popular in Western cuisines. Carrageenan is named for a small Irish fishing village, where they have traditionally made a pudding by boiling seaweed in ...
|p|Compac CG copper finings are the semi-refined, tablet form of the seaweed species Euchema cottonii. This species is rich in the kappa isomer of carrageenan. When added to boiling wort, kappa carrageenan reacts strongly with soluble proteins, notably the proline rich haze precursor fraction. When the wort is cooled the carrageenan protein complex becomes unstable and precipitates out of solution. The clear wort that results produces a beer with enhanced processing characteristics, notably improved hot break compaction in the whirlpool; improved yeast vitality during fermentation; improved filtration - longer filter runs and improved beer haze and colloidal stability.|/p|
A series of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivatives (MB1-MB5) were synthesized by mannich reaction. The purity of synthesized compounds were determined by melting point and TLC and their structure was established by various analytical techniques such as IR and 1HNMR spectral studies. The newly synthesized compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activities on carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats. Compounds MB1 and MB5 showed a significant anti-inflammatory activity when compared with standard drug indomethacin. The other compounds showed promising anti-inflammatory activity.
The present study was designed to clarify whether the recently detected IKKε is involved in inflammatory nociception and, if yes, whether this process is mediated by modulation of NF-κB activity. We showed that IKKε mRNA and protein are expressed in DRG and spinal cord and are upregulated during paw inflammation. Neurons and glia apparently contribute to this adaptation because we observed an upregulation of IKKε protein in primary cultured neurons, astrocytes, and microglia upon inflammatory stimulation. IKKε-deficient mice show attenuated nociceptive behavior in inflammatory models. This effect could be mimicked pharmacologically in C57BL/6 mice by treatment with the IKKε inhibitor BX795. From these results, we inferred that IKKε at basal levels is involved in early inflammatory nociception, as shown in the formalin test, whereas its upregulation contributes to the sensitization of the nervous system during inflammation and the manifestation of hyperalgesia, as observed in the late ...
The roles of prostaglandins (PGs) as mediators of inflammation have been extensively studied, and production of PGI2 and PGE2 at inflammatory sites has been reported. However, it has not yet been clarified which type of PG receptors has a major role in inflammatory exudation. To examine in vivo role of PG receptors in inflammatory exudation, we induced pleurisy in PG receptors (IP, EP1, EP2, EP3, or EP4) knockout mice by intrapleural injection of carrageenin. Pleural exudate accumulation in wild-type (WT) mice at 1 to 5 h, but not at 24 h, was significantly attenuated by the pretreatment with indomethacin, indicating that PGs are responsible for exudate formation at the early phase of pleurisy. Pleural exudation at 1 to 5 h in IP, EP2, or EP3 knockout mice, but not in EP1 and EP4 knockout, was significantly reduced compared with in WT mice. In the exudates, 6-keto-PGF1α and PGE2 were detected as the major PGs, each with its peak concentration at 3 h. In addition, involvement of bradykinin in ...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is a ligand activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear hormone receptors and suggested to be involved in inflammation and pain control. Little is known about its role at CNS level. We report that spinal and dorsal root ganglia PPAR-alpha expression is modulated by a peripheral inflammatory or a painful stimulus, and central administration of endogenous or synthetic PPAR-alpha agonists reduces both pain perception and inflammatory hyperalgesia in mice. Under inflammatory pain state, central PPAR-alpha activation modulates NF-kB nuclear signalling along sciatic nerve, dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord. Moreover, we evidence that PPAR-alpha receptor may physically reduce NF-kB activation during the early phase of pain signalling. In vivo co-immunoprecipitation experiments reveal a physical interaction between PPAR-alpha and NF-kB complex subunits. This interaction was strongly and rapidly increased in lumbar spinal cord of ...
Coruzzi, G; Adami, M; Guaita, E; De Esch, IJ; Leurs, R (2007). Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the selective histamine H4-receptor antagonists JNJ7777120 and VUF6002 in a rat model of carrageenan-induced acute inflammation. European Journal of Pharmacology 563 (1-3): 240-4. PMID 17382315. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.02.026. ...
Aim: To evaluate the effects of orally administered gadolinium orthovanadate GdVO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles (VNPs) on the course of chronic carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation. Methods: Samples of small intestinal tissue were collected from four groups of rats (intact, after administration of VNPs, with carrageenaninduced intestinal inflammation, with carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation orally exposed to VNPs) to assess the intestinal morphology and HSP90α expression. Levels of seromucoid, C-reactive protein, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 were determined in blood serum. Results: Oral exposure to VNPs was associated with neither elevation of inflammation markers in blood serum nor HSP90α overexpression in the small intestine, i.e. no toxic effects of VNPs were observed. Carrageenan-induced intestinal inflammation was accompanied by higher levels of TNF-α and IL-1β, as well as HSP90α upregulation in the intestinal mucosa, compared with controls. Administration of VNPs to rats with ...
My next recipe was a Chocolate chantilly, foam, desert...it was a chocolate mousse/gel desert and then broken in too two other properties. The first was a mixture of water, sugar, heavy cream, melted chocolate, instant coffee and carrageenan. You heat all the ingredients to a minimum of 80 degrees Celsius (or 176 degrees Fahrenheit); then place in molds and chill. This first form is the desert portion...carrageenan causes the finished product to be silky smooth in a gel form. The second form was to but the gel into a blender and make a liquid gel...finally the final form was to place the liquid gel and charge it with nitrogen. You can then create the foam...the finished product is pictured below ...
Once a site has been chosen, a trial is made using the chosen species. A few lines are set out at each of several different parts of the site, small pieces of the seaweed are attached and their growth rate is monitored weekly. If after 2-3 months the daily growth rate is 3-5 percent, the site is probably suitable and a small farm can be established. Because of the larger capital outlay required for large installations, before venturing into large farms it is advisable to monitor conditions for a full year so that the effects of all weather and other ecological factors are known. Small family farms have been the most successful, partly because there is more incentive to provide the necessary care and maintenance to the farm they own rather than one owned by an employer.. Various problems can arise. Grazing fish can damage the crop. Siganids (rabbitfish) and puffers are common pests. Siganids are the most destructive, especially if the plants are all small: the entire crop can be devoured and even ...
The entire contents of this website are based upon the opinions of Yasmina Ykelenstam, unless otherwise noted. Individual articles are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience of Yasmina Ykelenstam and her community. Yasmina Ykelenstam encourages you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional.The content of this website and any provided materials, research, or communications are for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have ...
Made with sea water, fine sea salt and carrageenan extract, this spray smells like summer in a bottle - a fresh, salty scent reminiscent of being on the beach, by the sea. It also contains neroli, grapefruit and rosewood oils, which add that slightly zesty smell to it, so that its not as savoury as you would expect. Lush have included carrageenan, a seaweed extract, together with glycerine to hydrate the hair. So despite the addition of salt, which can be rather drying if not used correctly, this sea spray will keep your hair soft and manageable. Its a beautiful light and uplifting summery fragrance - one that can be enjoyed by females and males. It shares its scent with Happy Happy Joy Joy, which I was really happy about as I didnt have a lot of luck with that conditioner, despite enjoying its fragrance. ...
Were all familiar with almond milk, right? Its readily available at just about any grocery store now, with plenty of different brands selling it. Heres the deal, though. Store-bought almond milk (and all non-dairy milks) have a pile of unnecessary additives you dont want in your body. In particular, we should avoid carrageenan, which is commonly used in many non-dairy products (and sometimes in dairy items like sour cream) as a thickening agent. It can cause gastrointestinal issues in humans, especially those with disorders such as IBS. I know it bothers my stomach - it might be fine for you, and I dont want to tell you what to do. If you find, however, that your stomach is often upset after consuming an item with carrageenan in it, I suggest giving it a break for a while and seeing if your symptoms improve ...
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Elucidating the potential effects of statins on inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo is currently of major importance. Our data demonstrate that simvastatin provides a highly effective therapy in treating murine CIA, a surrogate model for human RA. Previous studies of thioglycolate peritonitis or carrageenan-induced paw pad inflammation suggested that statins modify acute inflammation (7, 25). We now show that simvastatin can suppress the progression of acute to chronic inflammation in vivo. Importantly, simvastatin administration was effective even after the onset of arthritis. These data indicate that statins, or statin-sensitive pathways, may find therapeutic utility in a variety of autoimmune conditions. They further suggest that exploration of statin-targeted pathways may elicit novel T cell regulatory events.. There is currently considerable interest in the potential of immune modulatory therapies in the treatment of RA, particularly those targeting cytokine expression (26, 27). ...
You get it from marine algae (seaweed) - just like agar. Bob Friedel wrote in message ,7c3oin$mi0 at netaxs.com,... ,Carrageenan is a gum/thickening agent used in foods and pharmaceuticals. , ,Robert R. Friedel ,Quality Assurance Manager ,Laboratory Research & Analysis Groups ,Perritt Laboratories, Inc. ,rfriedel at perrittlab.com , ,Steve Newport wrote in message ,36e11928.10417610 at news.pavilion.net,... ,,Can anybody tell me what these are and where they come from ? , , ...
First in-human clinical trial of griffithsin, a naturally occurring anti-HIV protein, which limits risk of cross-resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) products. NEW YORK, NY-The Population Council today announced the enrollment of the first participant in the Phase I clinical trial evaluating PC-6500 (griffithsin in a carrageenan gel), an investigational multipurpose technology to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), two major threats to sexual health around the world. This is the first in-human study of griffithsin (GRFT), a naturally occurring algae protein that inhibits HIV and other pathogens, including Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2). Multipurpose products that prevent sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, must be a research and development priority, said James Sailer, vice president and executive director of the Center for Biomedical Research at the Population Council. We are excited to be enrolling participants in the first trial of a griffithsin-containing ...
Here is where I dont know from the many articles of evidence that I have read whether it is better or worse for those with autoimmune. Over-consumption may , and I say may, in some people make them more susceptible to viruses and bacterial infections, not to mention bacterial overgrowth. The cost of another stabilizer to keep things from separating might be a better idea. The milk industry is now trying to talk the FDA into letting them put Carrageenan in milk without listing it. This will inappropriately stop peoples allergy to the antigens in milk by weakening peoples immune system. I am thinking it could also cause us to have more severe reactions to lactose as it allows us to eat more lactose than we can adequately process and may bring up the acidity of the blood. Im sure the doctors will not complain about this. I dont think we were meant to eat red seaweed myself ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
Food scientists have developed a way to help stop the spread of HIV-suppositories made with carrageenan, an additive derived from seaweed.
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
During the years 2001-2005, a PVP carrageenan hydrogel dressing for burns and wounds was developed by the PNRI as well as the ... The PNRI developed a Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) Carrageenan dressing: a fully permanent gel in a form of a sheet that is 3-4mm ... Abad, "PVP-Carrageenan Hydrogel Dressing." 2008. De Guzman, "Radiation-Sterilized Honey Alginate Wound Dressing for Exudating ... It is made from Polyvinylpyrrolidone, a water-soluble polymer, and Carrageenan, a seaweed polysaccharide by the means of ...
... named for carrageenan; vorare, to devour - carrageenan decomposing) P. citrea (Gauthier 1977, citrea, of or pertaining to the ...
Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. ... for carrageenan was developed in the Philippines. The global top producers of carrageenan are the Philippines and Indonesia. ... Carrageenan is a vegetarian and vegan alternative to gelatin in some applications or may be used to replace gelatin in ... Carrageenans or carrageenins (/ˌkærəˈɡiːnənz/ karr-ə-gee-nənz, from Irish carraigín, "little rock") are a family of natural ...
All species produce kappa-carrageenan. Farming of this is a large business in the Philippines. Gavino Trono is a Filipino ... Kappaphycus alvarezii is widely cultivated as a raw source of carrageenan, and other species are used, as well. Several ...
... kappa carrageenan, from the seaweed kappaphycus; polyclar (a commercial brand of clarifier); and gelatin. If a beer is marked " ...
Examples of clarifying agents include isinglass, obtained from swimbladders of fish; Irish moss, a seaweed; kappa carrageenan, ...
"Ultrasonic relaxation of agarose and carrageenan gels. The role of solvent". Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday ...
"Doubts surface about carrageenan, a common food additive". Retrieved 2016-06-27. "Questions and Answers About DHA/ARA and ... They have also reported on the food additives carrageenan and DHA. In addition, Cornucopia has released white papers and ...
Carrageenans are isolated from algae. Hyaluronan functions as a heparinoid when it is sulfated. Intra-articular injections of ...
CPKelco has six plants-Großenbrode, Germany (Pectin); Lille Skensved, Denmark (Pectin, Carrageenan, Refined Locust Bean Gum); ...
... for example kappa carrageenan will form strong gels (potassium activated) but iota carrageenan will not form gels and only ... Iota carrageenan contains sodium chloride which improves gel formation. Sodium alginate produces a medium viscosity gel but may ... Agar, alginin and carrageenan are polysaccharides extracted from algae. Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide secreted by the ... Saccharides - carrageenan, pullulan, konjac, and alginate, sometimes called hydrocolloids, these thickeners are extremely ...
The seaweed is farmed for the food additive carrageenan. Trono led the assessment of several coastal areas in Western Mindanao ...
... leaving a mixture of carrageenan and cellulose that can be sold as semirefined carrageenan. K. alvarezii is affected by ice-ice ... Carrageenan is extracted from this seaweed in two ways. In native extraction, the seaweed is made into an aqueous solution, and ... Different carrageenan types differ in composition and conformation, resulting in a wide range of rheological and functional ... Carrageenans are used in a variety of commercial applications as gelling, thickening, and stabilizing agents, especially in ...
Other substances such as Iota-Carrageenan may form a basis for the creation of drugs to combat the human rhinovirus. In asthma ... Grassauer A, Weinmuellner R, Meier C, Pretsch A, Prieschl-Grassauer E, Unger H (September 2008). "Iota-Carrageenan is a potent ...
Carrageenan may prevent HPV and HSV transmission, but not HIV. See Carrageenan#Medical Uses The phase III clinical trial for ... Thus, carrageenan and other microbicides of its class act as decoy receptors for viral binding.[citation needed] Carrageenan ... The polyanion category of microbicides includes the carrageenans. Carrageenans are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides ... carrageenan-based Carraguard showed that it had no statistical effect on HIV infection, according to results released in 2008. ...
"Food additive carrageenan: Part II: A critical review of carrageenan in vivo safety studies. McKim, James M.; Sr, Jamin A. ... "Food additive carrageenan: Part I: A critical review of carrageenan in vitro studies, potential pitfalls, and implications for ... Poligeenan is produced by the harsh acid degradation of carrageenan. Carrageenan in solution is processed at low pH (~1.0) and ... degraded carrageenan, and carrageenan: A review of the chemistry, nomenclature, and in vivo toxicology by the oral route". ...
The seaweed is than harvested 10-12 weeks after planting in order to allow the crop to mature and increase its carrageenan ... Since the mid-1970s, Kappaphycus and Eucheuma have been a major source for the expansion of the carrageenan industry. ... Eucheuma species are used in the production of carrageenan, an ingredient for cosmetics, food processing, and industrial ... Caulerpa lentillifera (Latô) Agar Carrageenan Seaweed farming Anicia Q. Hurtado; Alan T. Critchley; Iain C. Neish (2017). ...
Since the late 19th century, a boiled extract of the carrageenan-rich alga known as Irish moss (Chondrus crispus), has been ... Halfer discovered a method for preserving carrageenan, and his methods superseded earlier ones in Europe and the US. Marbling ... Today, many marblers use powdered carrageenan extracted from various seaweeds. Another plant-derived mucilage is made from ...
Eucheuma and K. alvarezii are farmed for carrageenan (a gelling agent); Gracilaria is farmed for agar; while the rest are ...
Carrageenan, from the red alga Chondrus crispus, is used as a stabilizer in milk products. Algae bladder Algae portal AlgaeBase ... Eucheuma and K. alvarezii are farmed for carrageenan (a gelling agent); Gracilaria is farmed for agar; while the rest are ...
Lin, Chun-Ching; Hsu, YF; Lin, TC (1999). "Effects of punicalagin and punicalin on carrageenan-induced inflammation in rats". ...
Eucheuma and K. alvarezii are farmed for carrageenan (a gelling agent); Gracilaria is farmed for agar; while the rest are ... Irish moss (Chondrus crispus), often confused with Mastocarpus stellatus, is the source of carrageenan, which is used as a ... Capture and long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide Carrageenan Edible seaweed - Algae that can be eaten and used for ...
nov., an agar- and carrageenan-solubilizing bacterium isolated from sea urchin". International Journal of Systematic and ...
Carrageenan is used in salad dressings and sauces, dietetic foods, and as a preservative in meat and fish, dairy items and ... Eucheuma and K. alvarezii are farmed for carrageenan (a gelling agent); Gracilaria is farmed for agar; while the rest are ... Carrageenans, alginates and agaroses, with other macroalgal polysaccharides, have biomedicine applications. Delisea pulchra may ... or carrageenan moss) is used in food additives, along with Kappaphycus and Gigartinoid seaweed. Porphyra is used in Wales to ...
Algae possess cell walls made of glycoproteins and polysaccharides such as carrageenan and agar that are absent from land ... carrageenan, porphyran, furcelleran and funoran. Other compounds that may accumulate in algal cell walls include sporopollenin ...
... refined carrageenan (RC) and semi-refined carrageenan (SRC). In the United States, RC and SRC are both labeled as carrageenan. ... Indonesia, the Philippines, and Chile are three main sources of raw material and extracted carrageenan. Lye is used to cure ... Organic green rooibos tea leaves There are two basic grades of carrageenan, ...
Martino, John Vincent; Van Limbergen, Johan; Cahill, Leah E. (1 May 2017). "The Role of Carrageenan and Carboxymethylcellulose ...
"The Antiinflammatory and Analgesic Effects of Baicalin in Carrageenan-Evoked Thermal Hyperalgesia". Anesth Analg. 97 (6): 1724- ...
The concentration of κ-carrageenan is used to influence particle size distribution of the AgNPs. There are many ways silver ... Under ultrasound treatment, silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are synthesized with κ-carrageenan as a natural stabilizer. The ... "Green sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles at varying concentrations of κ-carrageenan". Nanoscale Research Letters. ...
It also has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in carrageenan-evoked thermal hyperalgesia. Paeonol inhibits anaphylactic ... Chou, Tz-Chong (2003). "Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of paeonol in carrageenan-evoked thermal hyperalgesia". British ...
7.1.1 Refined carrageenan and filtered carrageenan. Refined carrageenan is the original carrageenan and until the late 1970s- ... The carrageenan producer is pleased because about 0.5 percent carrageenan is added, much more than the 0.05-0.1 percent used in ... The carrageenan is therefore dispersed in the water after the brine salts are added; the carrageenan does not dissolve because ... 7. CARRAGEENAN. There are several carrageenans, differing in their chemical structure and properties, and therefore in their ...
Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary ... The latest suggests carrageenan consumption could possibly lead to a leaky gut by disrupting the integrity of the tight ... This moss is now the source of carrageenan, a fat substitute (perhaps most famously used in the failed McLean Deluxe) and a ... In 2008 I raised a concern about carrageenan. We had known for decades that it had harmful effects on laboratory animals, but ...
CARRAGEENAN, CARRAGEENIN, CHONDRUS, CHONDRUS CRISPUS (CARRAGEENAN), IRISH MOSS, and IRISH MOSS EXTRACT ... Carrageenan is a gelatinous polysaccharide material obtained from red seeweed (marine algae). ...
Carrageenan Chemical Formula: Synonyms. Seaweed extract Description. Carrageenan is a polysacharide with a backbone of the ... Carrageenan is widely used in dairy products because it forms complexes with calcium and milk proteins. It thickens and helps ...
Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. ... There are two basic grades of carrageenan: refined carrageenan (RC) and semi-refined carrageenan (SRC). In the United States ... gel refined carrageenan refined carrageenan The essential difference in the refining process is that the carrageenan is first ... for carrageenan was developed in the Philippines. The global top producers of carrageenan are the Philippines and Indonesia. ...
Cornucopias guide to avoiding carrageenan in your food. *If you cut carrageenan out of your diet and noticed improvements in ... The carrageenan trade lobby group fought back hard, and found allies in companies like Group Danone (Stonyfield), CROPP ( ... Experimenting with a carrageenan-free diet has already resolved uncomfortable conditions for many, so if you suffer from ... If you have eliminated carrageenan from your diet for at least two weeks in an effort to find relief from gastrointestinal ...
All carrageenans have the ability to form gels by cooling a solution of the carrageenan in hot milk. Even lambda-carrageenan, ... Table 4 World market for refined and semi-refined carrageenan Carrageenan Market size 1982 Volume growth, % Compound volume ... Table 3 Typical water applications of carrageenan Use Function Carrageenan type Approx. use level, % ... Figure 4 Carrageenan extract capacity vs. sales. Speciality gums, such as carrageenans, are sold on the basis of their ...
Many companies that use carrageenan in their food and personal care products vehemently defend its use. Its not unusual to see ... It has come to our attention that some of their old inventory containing carrageenan still exists in the market. Their ... Bronners current toothpaste production is carrageenan-free.. For more on toothpaste, read Cornucopias report, Behind the ... Tell The Honest Company and Toms of Maine: Stop the Lies about Carrageenan! ...
Products containing CARRAGEENAN made by company: RJ Mineral Cosmetics There are no products in the database that match your ...
Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for DreamBrands Carrageenan G Female Stimulating Gel ... DreamBrands Carrageenan G Female Stimulating Gel at Walgreens. ...
1 Carrageenan Market Overview. 2 Global Carrageenan Market Competition by Manufacturers. 3 Global Carrageenan Capacity, ... 6 Global Carrageenan Market Analysis by Application. 7 Global Carrageenan Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. 8 Carrageenan ... Global Carrageenan Market Research Report 2017. The Global Carrageenan Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional ... 4 Global Carrageenan Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2012-2017). 5 Global Carrageenan Production, ...
Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a ... Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 25% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; about 10% to about 20 ...
Our group has used carrageenan as an edible coating to delay banana fruit ripening. In this study, the effect of different ... The fruits were treated with 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% carrageenan and stored at two different temperatures, 26°C and 20°C. ... Carrageenan functional groups in banana peel samples as well as changes in surface structure of banana peel, color, weight loss ... carrageenan and storing them at a cool temperature (20°C). In addition, the result obtained from this study suggested that ...
Carrageenan are use as emulsifiers due to its water-binding properties. ... Explore Carrageenan, a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red seaweed. ... Carrageenan Skincare Benefits:. Product Stabilizer Carrageenan is a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red ... When applied, carrageenan is capable of enhancing the permeability and effectiveness of certain skincare formulations and ...
Good quality solution-state 13C NMR spectra were recorded and interpreted for this carrageenan and for the carrageenans ... Carrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta).. Falshaw R1, Furneaux RH. ... Aside from this small extra sulphate substitution, the structure is that of the idealised lambda-carrageenan. ...
Just plain ol run of the mill work-a-day carrageenan. Maybe I should just start a carrageenan company, Id make a killing.. ... I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ...
Even though degraded carrageenan and food-grade carrageenan are different, the harmful effects of carrageenan in its degraded ... Even though degraded carrageenan and food-grade carrageenan are different, the harmful effects of carrageenan in its degraded ... Why is there concern about Carrageenan?. There are two forms of carrageenan: food-grade and degraded. Food grade carrageenan ... Is Carrageenan safe?. Yes, our extensive research has led us to conclude that food-grade carrageenan is safe to eat. ...
Changes in nociceptive reflex facilitation during carrageenan-induced arthritis.. Herrero JF1, Cervero F. ... Responses were studied in control and inflammatory conditions, using the carrageenan-induced mono-arthritis model. The results ...
... Archana Sharma,1 ... In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3- ... Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was ...
Miscellaneous: Anti-inflammatory, Betulinic acid, Carrageenan, Dexamethasone, Ellagic acid, Nitric oxide (NO), Peru, ...
What are your thoughts on carrageenan? It s in my soymilk and I just read that this can cause issues with fertility. Their ... What are your thoughts on carrageenan? It s ... Hveragerthi 10 years ago 1,231 * Thank you. So glad we can come here to get the ... carrageenan bethanyds 10 years ago 1,232 This is the position of the above message within the thread. ... carrageenan. Advertisement. Lugol s Iodine Free S&H. J.Crow s Lugol s Iodine Solution. Restore lost reserves.. ...
Department of Agriculture has kept carrageenan -- a derivative of seaweeds -- on the list of 28 nonagricultural substances ... Says Carrageenan can be Organic November 2/Manila/BusinessWorld -- The U.S. ... "Having carrageenan on that list means it can be used in organic production and handling. That means a lot because of the ... U.S. Says Carrageenan can be Organic. November 2/Manila/BusinessWorld -- The U.S. Department of Agriculture has kept ...
The inclusion of the carrageenan matrix with echinochrome A ((Ech)-the active substance of the drug Histochrome) in liposomes ... Keywords: carrageenan; echinochrome A; liposomes; mucine; mucoadhesive properties carrageenan; echinochrome A; liposomes; ... Liposomal Form of the Echinochrome-Carrageenan Complex. Irina M. Yermak 1,* , Vladimir I. Gorbach 1. ... The inclusion of the carrageenan matrix with echinochrome A ((Ech)-the active substance of the drug Histochrome) in liposomes ...
Carrageenan is an extract from red seaweed, which can be boiled, filtered and then ground into a fine powder. It is commonly ... What is Carrageenan Used For?. The most common uses of carrageenan include its role in conventional medicine, as a food ... What is Carrageenan?. Carrageenan is an extract from red seaweed, which can be boiled, filtered and then ground into a fine ... while another form of carrageenan, which is λ-carrageenan is generally considered safe. [7] [8] [9] [10] ...
The many dangers of carrageenan have yet to be studied, but some research indicates immune suppression, and colon and digestive ... The Dangers of Carrageenan. The most recent medical paper we have on carrageenans carcinogenicity suggests that carrageenan ... How to Avoid Carrageenan. One of the best ways you can avoid carrageenan is to avoid dairy-free milk products, this includes ... Nonetheless, carrageenan isnt free from health concerns. Isolated from seaweed, carrageenan is a polysaccharide compound that ...
... E. Zablackis and J. Perez ... Article A Partially Pyruvated Carrageenan from Hawaiian Grateloupia filicina (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta) E. Zablackis, J. ... Zablackis E, Perez J. A Partially Pyruvated Carrageenan from Hawaiian Grateloupia filicina (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta): . . ... Zablackis, E. and Perez, J.. "A Partially Pyruvated Carrageenan from Hawaiian Grateloupia filicina (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta ...
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
Cargills is a supplier of carrageenan that is extracted from red seaweed and is used as thermo reversible gelling and ... Lambda carrageenan: 3 sulfate units for two galactose molecules. It should be noted that carrageenan macromolecules are not ... Being very diverse, carrageenans can broadly be classified into three main "ideal" types of carrageenan, split into two groups: ... Carrageenans for innovative textures. The functionality of carrageenans was first discovered more than six hundred years ago. ...
Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. Three ... It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. Yet any ingredient statement that lists ... A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. ... Each type of carrageenan reacts differently when combined with proteins. Kappa-carrageenan, for example, reacts more strongly ...
Carrageenan is a major ingredient in the food industry and is used for its gelling, thickening and stabilizing properties. It ... of Carrageenan that can be added to food. The major players in this industry are Marcel Carrageenan, Seatech Carrageenan ... iota Carrageenan (two Sulphates) and Lambda Carrageenan (three Sulphates). The global Carrageenan industry was worth 762.35 ... The Carrageenan market has witnessed a CAGR of 5.2% in the last 3 years and is expected to grow consistently. Carrageenan is an ...
  • Research links the controversial food ingredient carrageenan to serious gastrointestinal inflammation and colon cancer. (cornucopia.org)
  • And given its effect on gastrointestinal inflammation, Cornucopia urges anyone suffering from gastrointestinal symptoms (irritable bowel syndrome/IBS, spastic colon, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic diarrhea, etc.) to completely eliminate carrageenan from the diet for two weeks. (cornucopia.org)
  • Despite there being a good amount of anecdotal evidence to the efficacy of carrageenan, there are also some contraindications, including inflammation, a higher risk of certain cancers and allergic reactions, among others. (organicfacts.net)
  • Although some claim that carrageenan can soothe inflammation, others say that it can cause it, both topically and gastrointestinally. (organicfacts.net)
  • Dr. Tobacman notes that researchers have used carrageenan to cause inflammation in tissues in order to test the anti-inflammatory properties of new drugs. (drweil.com)
  • The common food additive carrageenan (CGN) predictably induces intestinal inflammation in animal models. (nih.gov)
  • A few scientists have reported that carrageenan has caused intestinal inflammation in laboratory animals. (indianapublicmedia.org)
  • Animal studies have shown that carrageenan can cause inflammation, ulcerative-colitis-like disease, intestinal lesions and ulcerations in some animals, and may act as a promoter of colon cancer. (greenerchoices.org)
  • Research shows that the type of carrageenan used in foods can cause inflammation. (greenerchoices.org)
  • Several lab studies since then have shown that both food-grade and degraded carrageenan can cause inflammation and increased cell death in human colon cells. (berkeleywellness.com)
  • Though degraded carrageenan outside of intentionally creating inflammation in lab animals was banned, a study of a dozen food-grade carrageenan substances found that they all had traces of degraded carrageenan ranging from 5 to 25 percent. (naturalnews.com)
  • Besides carrageenan, other irritants such as zymosan or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can be used to induce inflammation in this model. (currentprotocols.com)
  • It was found that when people gave up the consumption of carrageenan products from their diet, they had reduced problems relating to body ache, belly cramps bowel inflammation and other health problems. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Sequestration of artemin reduces inflammation-induced activation and sensitization of bone marrow nociceptors in a rodent model of carrageenan-induced inflammatory bone pain. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prostaglandin D-glycerol ester decreases carrageenan-induced inflammation and hyperalgesia in mice. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The antiinflammatory activity of the polyherbal formulation Entox® was investigated in rats for acute and sub acute models of inflammation using carrageenan-induced rat paw edema and cotton pellet granuloma methods respectively at a dose of 300 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg administered orally. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Acute inflammation was produced by sub plantar injection of 0.1 ml of 1% suspension of carrageenan in normal saline, in the left hind paw of the rats, 1 h after oral drug treatment. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Of huge significance, this paper also states that Carrageenan (CGN) "has been used for decades, to induce inflammation" in laboratory animals to study the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory medications. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • The 2010 paper "Tumor Necrosis factor alpha-induced inflammation is increased but apoptosis is inhibited by common food additive carrageenan" found that carrageenan increased inflammation instead of the body's normal response of infected/sick cell death. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • These findings demonstrate that exposure to CGN (carrageenan) drives TNF-α-stimulated cells toward inflammation rather than toward apoptotic cell death and suggest that CGN exposure may compromise the effectiveness of anti-TNF-α therapy. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • In animal models degraded carrageenan is a potent inflammatory agent and is used in experiments to create inflammation to test new therapies. (bewell.com)
  • In addition, non-food-grade carrageenan has been shown to cause inflammation in rodents' colons resembling ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (happy-mothering.com)
  • In fact, there are studies (including industry-funded studies) showing food-grade carrageenan is also linked to colon inflammation and colon cancer in animals. (happy-mothering.com)
  • Animal studies have repeatedly shown that food-grade carrageenan causes gastrointestinal inflammation and higher rates of intestinal lesions, ulcerations, and even malignant tumors. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Degraded carrageenan is such a potent inflammatory agent that scientists routinely use it to induce inflammation and other disease in laboratory animals, to test anti-inflammation drugs and other pharmaceuticals. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • For individuals who consume carrageenan on a regular or daily basis, the inflammation will be prolonged and constant, which is a serious health concern since prolonged inflammation is a precursor to more serious disease. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Ive seen several studies lately linking carrageenan, gut inflammation, and cancer. (thecandidadiet.com)
  • Even though carrageenan has been used by the food industry for nearly 50 years, it 'so reliably causes inflammation that scientists actually use it to induce inflammation in biological experiments. (thecandidadiet.com)
  • The biggest health concern that carrageenan has been regularly tied to in humans is inflammation, which may sound relatively minor but with prolonged exposure can be tied to some serious health conditions. (collective-evolution.com)
  • The result of this autoimmune response stemming from carrageenan ingestion is most often inflammation of the gastrointestinal system -which is made up of the oral cavity, salivary glands, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gall bladder and pancreas. (collective-evolution.com)
  • If you have any experiences tied either directly to carrageenan or perhaps to some form of inflammation resulting from consuming a product that contains it, please feel free to share it via the comment section below. (collective-evolution.com)
  • The anti-inhibitory activity of the aqueous extract from this plant was evaluated using a rat model where inflammation was induced in the paws by injection of λ-carrageenan. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 8-11 Although behavioral studies have shown that rats exhibit hyperalgesia in both the early (2-6 h) and the late (15-24 h) phases of carrageenan-induced inflammation, 12,13 recent studies have demonstrated that excitabilities in the spinal dorsal horn neurons are different and greater in the late phase than in the early phase. (asahq.org)
  • 16 In the current study, using ONO-8711, we conducted behavioral, microdialysis, and [Ca 2+ ] i assays to determine whether activation of EP 1 receptors contributes to time-dependent plastic changes in the spinal cord in a carrageenan-induced inflammation. (asahq.org)
  • Salvemini D, Wang ZQ, Wyatt P, Bourdon DM, Marino MH, Manning PT, Currie MG: Nitric oxide: A key mediator in the early and late phase of carrageenan-induced rat paw inflammation. (springermedizin.de)
  • The effects of potassium humate, at an oral dose of 60 mg/kg bodyweight, on a delayed type hypersensitivity reaction, a carrageenan-induced inflammation model and an allogeneic graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) in rats were investigated. (up.ac.za)
  • Three types of carrageenan are used as food ingredients-kappa, iota and lambda-each of which differs in the percentage of 3,6 anhydro-D-galactose present and the amount of sulfation found among the repeating galactose units. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Hypnea and furcellaran are other types of carrageenan that are seen occasionally. (cybercolloids.net)
  • All the gelling types of carrageenan which include κ and ι all contain a 3,6 anhydro bridge on the B unit which forces the sugar to flip from a 4-C-1 conformation to a 1-C-4 conformation and can then form cross-link networks and gels. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Their lobbyists convinced enough corporate-friendly NOSB members, including employees of Whole Foods, Organic Valley and Driscoll's, to ignore the disturbing findings of dozens of independently funded and peer-reviewed studies, including several that found higher rates of colon cancer in lab animals given a diet containing food-grade carrageenan. (cornucopia.org)
  • I am looking for food grade carrageenan but can't seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. (cookingforengineers.com)
  • Yes, our extensive research has led us to conclude that food-grade carrageenan is safe to eat. (followyourheart.com)
  • Food grade carrageenan has been used for hundreds of years and has been extensively reviewed and approved for use in foods. (followyourheart.com)
  • Even though degraded carrageenan and food-grade carrageenan are different, the harmful effects of carrageenan in its degraded form have been mistakenly associated with food-grade carrageenan. (followyourheart.com)
  • Food-grade carrageenan has been independently evaluated by the Joint FAO*/WHO** Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), an international panel of expert toxicologists who review data and develop recommendations about food ingredients. (followyourheart.com)
  • JECFA determined that food-grade carrageenan was a safe food additive with no limits on its use in food. (followyourheart.com)
  • We feel confident in our choice to use food-grade carrageenan and its alignment with our mission to make wholesome, healthy plant-based foods. (followyourheart.com)
  • Degraded carrageenan is produced by hydrolyzing native (food grade) carrageenan which cuts bonds and makes the molecules smaller thus removing their thickening properties. (followyourheart.com)
  • She argues that even food-grade carrageenan is not safe from having significant levels of degraded carrageenan because the acids in our stomach as well as certain bacteria might break it down into degraded carrageenan. (followyourheart.com)
  • More recently, "scientific assessments of carrageenan have included short term and long term generational studies involving different dosages of degraded and non-degraded forms and various animal studies … all of the studies supported the safety of [food grade] carrageenan for use in foods. (followyourheart.com)
  • Food-grade carrageenan is different from, and should not be confused with, degraded carrageenan, which is a known carcinogen. (nowfoods.com)
  • Matakas estimates the food-grade carrageenan business to be worth roughly $1 billion globally. (newhope.com)
  • In 2014, the World Health Organization completed a review of the science (much of it industry funded), concluding that food-grade carrageenan is safe for use in infant formula. (newhope.com)
  • There is no epidemiological evidence for a carcinogenic, tumor promoting or inflammatory effect of (food-grade) carrageenan in humans," Shelke says. (newhope.com)
  • Some research does suggest, however, that food-grade carrageenan can be contaminated with its more lethal cousin during the production process, and that it can become "degraded" by stomach acid. (newhope.com)
  • And it appears that acid digestion, heating, bacterial action and mechanical processing can all accelerate degradation of food-grade carrageenan. (drweil.com)
  • Though the FDA regards food-grade carrageenan as safe for human consumption, a number of scientific studies have been done on animals, and there have been chemical analyses and epidemiological studies as well since the 1970s creating at least some question regarding its safety. (naturalnews.com)
  • Anecdotal reports as well as bona fide scientific research into GI issues including colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and other ailments show that even food-grade carrageenan is a GI inflammatory agent. (naturalnews.com)
  • Finally, many scientists believe that stomach acidity degrades food-grade carrageenan, while heating foods containing it creates the same process. (naturalnews.com)
  • A myriad of products such as ice cream, canned soup, baby formula, chocolate milk, Rice milk, juice coconut milk, frozen Organic Pizza contain high levels of food grade carrageenan. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Therefore people run the risk of consuming poligeenan because the intake of food-grade carrageenan may degrade into poligeenan in acidic medium of the stomach. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • however, a 2005 study showed that not a single sample of food-grade carrageenan could confidently claim to be entirely free of the potential cancer-causing material. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Science has determined that 'degraded carrageenan' poses the most risk, yet undegraded carrageenan or food grade carrageenan poses similar risks as well. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • With the FDA allowance of other wastes into pet foods - non (human) food grade ingredients such as by-product meal and animal fat - for starters we have to question whether pet food manufacturers using carrageenan are using food grade or the riskiest degraded (non food grade) carrageenan. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • But, if we give pet food manufacturers the benefit of the doubt and assume they use food grade carrageenan, the risks are still high. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • 50,000 Production of degraded carrageenan by acid hydrolysis of food-grade carrageenan In simulated gastric fluid (including pepsin and HCL}, [kappa]- carrageenan at pH 1. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • While it is well established that non-food-safe carrageenan is harmful, there have also been concerns with food-grade carrageenan dating back to the late 1970s! (happy-mothering.com)
  • Additionally, some studies are reporting that "food-grade" carrageenan can degrade in the gastrointestinal tract to the same molecular weight/structure and non-food-grade carrageenan. (happy-mothering.com)
  • On top of that, when the industry tested food-grade carrageenan for the presence of non-food-grade carrageenan, every sample had at least some non-food grade carrageenen in it. (happy-mothering.com)
  • Some samples had as much as 25% non-food-grade carrageenan. (happy-mothering.com)
  • A convincing body of scientific literature shows negative effects caused by food-grade carrageenan. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Moreover, scientists are concerned that the acid environment of the stomach may "degrade" food-grade carrageenan once it enters the digestive system, thus exposing the intestines to this potent and widely recognized carcinogen. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • The carrageenan composition in red seaweeds differs from one species to another. (fao.org)
  • Carrageenans or carrageenins (/ˌkærəˈɡiːnənz/ karr-ə-gee-nənz, from Irish carraigín, "little rock") are a family of natural linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carrageenans are commercially important hydrophilic colloids (water-soluble gums) which occur as matrix material in numerous species of red seaweeds (Rhodophyta) wherein they serve a structural function analogous to that of cellulose in land plants. (fao.org)
  • November 2/Manila/ BusinessWorld -- The U.S. Department of Agriculture has kept carrageenan -- a derivative of seaweeds -- on the list of 28 "nonagricultural substances allowed as ingredients in processed products labeled as 'organic'," the new National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances showed. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Cargill offers one of the widest ranges of commercially available carrageenans, employing proven production processes and using a large variety of different types of red seaweeds (Rhodophyceae) from the Gigartinales group. (cargill.com)
  • For example, some carrageenans extracted from South American seaweeds are kappa and iota hybrids, also called kappa 2 or weak kappa carrageenans. (cargill.com)
  • The Seabrid range of texturizers is part of Cargill's broad portfolio of texturizing solutions, which includes complete texture choices from plant sources such as extracts from major crops (starches, soy proteins and lecithins), seaweeds (carrageenans), fruits (pectins) and sugar fermentation (xanthan gum). (dairyreporter.com)
  • Results were compared with those from other carrageenan-producing seaweeds, and a random forest analysis was carried out with the carrageenan contents reported for Gigartinales in order to determine the principal variables influencing carrageenan yields. (springer.com)
  • Seaweeds from the site close to a local upwelling center had more carrageenans than those from a more distant site. (springer.com)
  • Carrageenan is made from parts of various red algae or seaweeds and is used for medicine. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • The cultivation of carrageenan-producing seaweeds is also sustainable, preserving the health and biodiversity of the ocean, while employing tens of thousands of family farmers around the world. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Carrageenan is extracted from certain species of red algae seaweeds and has been used in a variety of food applications for a very long time. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Because of the differences between these seaweeds, they've been classified into three categories namely alginate, agar, and carrageenan. (ticgums.com)
  • I found in internet - "Carrageenan is a mushbooh gum obtained from seaweeds but during its production it is crystallized either by Ethyl Alcohol or Isopropyl Alcohol or Potassium Chloride (KCl) or nothing. (islamqa.info)
  • The chemical structure of carrageenan - unique chemical bonds not found in other seaweeds or gums - affects the body in several ways. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Carrageenan is derived from specific seaweeds, which are processed with alkali into a widely used "natural" food ingredient. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Carrageenans, which are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides, are found and extracted from the cell wall of certain species of red seaweeds (Rhodophyta) [4]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Carrageenans are carbohydrates extracted from red seaweeds (such as Irish moss) and other sources. (grainbininc.com)
  • Exposure to the common food additive carrageenan leads to glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and inhibition of insulin signalling in HepG2 cells and C57BL/6J mice. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Common food additive carrageenan stimulates Wnt/ β-catenin signaling in colonic epithelium by inhibition of nucleoredoxin reduction. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether the ingestion of the common food additive carrageenan contributes to insulin resistance and thus to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes in. (bioportfolio.com)
  • I would, however, suggest that those with inflammatory bowel syndrome or other gastrointestinal problems try cutting out carrageenan at least temporarily to see if your symptoms improve. (care2.com)
  • Flexor reflexes, recorded as single motor units, were evoked in rats by cycles of low and high frequency electrical stimulation with pulse durations of 0.2, 0.5 and 2 ms. Responses were studied in control and inflammatory conditions, using the carrageenan-induced mono-arthritis model. (nih.gov)
  • In April 2012, University of Illinois researcher Joanne Tobacman, MD, petitioned the National Organic Standards Board to ban carrageenan from organics because of mounting research suggesting it prompts an inflammatory immune response similar to that of salmonella. (newhope.com)
  • A study by researchers in Canada and at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health published in 2017 found that consuming carrageenan can lead to ulcers and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (drweil.com)
  • Degraded carrageenan is a definite inflammatory agent. (naturalnews.com)
  • There has been plenty of published, peer-reviews literature in the scientific community for decades showing that non-food-safe carrageenan is inflammatory and carcinogenic in lab animals. (happy-mothering.com)
  • S1RA, a selective sigma-1 receptor antagonist, inhibits inflammatory pain in the carrageenan and complete Freund's adjuvant models in mice. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The present study investigated the effect of the intraperitoneal administration of S1RA on the hind paw withdrawal response to thermal and mechanical stimulation following an intraplantar injection of carrageenan (CARR) and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), which are two well-characterized models of acute and chronic inflammatory pain, respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed on the edema in the carrageenan-induced paw edema model and by the volume of exudate as well as the number of leukocytes reduced in the pleurisy test. (preprints.org)
  • of Spanish origin by a method of carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats, and to investigate the mechanism of anti-inflammatory action and also to elucidate components involved in bee pollen extracted with ethanol. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The carrageenan model for inflammatory pain, which is characterized by a time-dependent increase in paw edema and by development of thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia, has been well established. (asahq.org)
  • Injection of carrageenan into the foot of a mouse elicited an acute inflammatory response characterized by increase of foot volume and infiltration of neutrophils. (springermedizin.de)
  • Nevertheless, increasing concern for inflammatory and gastrointestinal disorders among consumers are the some key restraining factors for carrageenan gum market growth. (gminsights.com)
  • However, rising concern over gastrointestinal and inflammatory disorders among consumers has significantly hampered the carrageenan market. (abnewswire.com)
  • Carrageenans contain 15-40% ester-sulfate content, which makes anionic polysaccharide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carrageenan is a gelatinous polysaccharide material obtained from red seeweed (marine algae). (ewg.org)
  • Carrageenan is a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red seaweed. (lorealparisusa.com)
  • Isolated from seaweed, carrageenan is a polysaccharide compound that may also trigger an immune response in some people, but this is debated. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Red algae contains a polysaccharide that is called Carrageenan, which has three classes. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Commercially, the most significant seaweed polysaccharide is carrageenan followed by agar and alginate. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The basic structure of carrageenan is a linear polysaccharide made up of a repeating dissacharide sequence of α-D-galactopyranose linked 1,3 called the A residue and β-D-galactopyranose residues linked through positions 1,4 (B residues). (cybercolloids.net)
  • The original classification of carrageenan was determined by the fractionation of the polysaccharide with potassium chloride.The fraction that was soluble in 0.25M KCl was called lambda carrageenan and the fraction that was insoluble was called kappa carrageenan. (cybercolloids.net)
  • The active ingredient is a polysaccharide called carrageenan, which is derived from seaweed. (murphyandson.co.uk)
  • Carrageenan in solution is negatively charged, owing to the sulphate groups along the polysaccharide backbone. (murphyandson.co.uk)
  • In the current study, we explored the employment of a sulfated polysaccharide compound from red algae, carrageenan (CGN) as an adjuvant for their ability to generate antigen-specific immune responses and antitumor effects in mice vaccinated with human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E7 peptide vaccine. (elsevier.com)
  • Some Follow Your Heart products contain carrageenan and we would like to provide you with information about why we choose to use it and why we are confident the carrageenan that we use is a safe food ingredient in our products. (followyourheart.com)
  • Many gluten-free baked goods will contain carrageenan as a binding agent to replace the gluten, and these products may also contain xanthan gum and guar gum. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Which foods can contain carrageenan? (greenerchoices.org)
  • What Products May Contain Carrageenan? (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Does Your Milk Substitute Contain Carrageenan - a Known Carcinogen? (happy-mothering.com)
  • The carrageenans of commercial interest are called iota, kappa and lambda. (fao.org)
  • Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary differences that influence the properties of kappa, iota, and lambda carrageenan are the number and position of the ester sulfate groups on the repeating galactose units. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and semi-refined iota carrageenan. (google.es)
  • Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a combination of both semi-refined kappa and iota carrageenan. (google.es)
  • Also disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising a semi-refined carrageenan, such as semi-refined kappa or semi-refined iota carrageenan, further comprising ultra low viscosity guar gum. (google.es)
  • 3. The toothpaste composition of claim 1 wherein the binder formulation further comprises at least about 40% semi-refined iota carrageenan. (google.es)
  • 5. The toothpaste composition of claim 4 wherein the refined carrageenan is a combination of refined kappa-2/lambda carrageenan and refined iota carrageenan. (google.es)
  • The iota carrageenan network is formed by a series of double-helices and kinks that form a transparent, elastic gel. (cargill.com)
  • These gels are characterized by a high degree of syneresis, or weeping, which can be controlled by blending with iota-carrageenan or locust bean gum. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Iota-carrageenan forms cohesive, elastic syneresis-free gels in the presence of calcium ions. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Kappa-carrageenan, for example, reacts more strongly with milk protein than either the iota or lambda variety. (preparedfoods.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effect of the combination Ivermectin - Iota- Carrageenan, intensive treatment with repeated administration in oral- and nasal-spray, respectively, as a prophylaxis treatment prior to exposure to SARS-CoV-2, in health personnel at Public Healthcare Centers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The EG received Ivermectin orally 2 drops of 6 mg = 12 mg every 7 days, and Iota-Carrageenan 6 sprays per day for 4 weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1) indicates a protective effect of the Ivermectin / Iota-Carrageenan in the EG. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • CONCLUSION: The intensive preventive treatment (short-term) with Ivermectin / Iota - Carrageenan was able to reduce the number of health workers infected with COVID-19. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As a replacement for gelatin in dessert gels, kappa Carrageenan can be used in combination with Locust Bean Gum, as well as iota Carrgeenan, to create a resilient, non-brittle gel similar to gelatin. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Carrageenan can be classified into three groups: kappa, iota and lambda. (ticgums.com)
  • To date, three types of carrageenans have been reported to have commercial significance: kappa ([kappa]), iota (i), and lambda (A) [5]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The major variation among kappa, iota, and lambda carrageenan at the molecular level is the amount along with position of the sulfate ester groups which produces different properties [10]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • They are called the Iota, Kappa and Lambda Carrageenan. (freead1.net)
  • Marine Hydrocolloids Carrageenan uses the EucheumaCottonii for the production of Kappa Carrageenan and the EucheumaSpinosum for Iota Carrageenan. (freead1.net)
  • Both of these weed types contain mixtures of kappa, iota and lambda carrageenan. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Cottonii is predominantly kappa carrageenan and Spinosum is largely iota carrageenan.This allows greater flexibility in formulation because you are not restricted to the ratios of kappa and iota that happen to occur in the native weedstock. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Carrageenans of commercial interest are available in three different grades: Iota (ι), kappa (κ), and lambda (λ). (abnewswire.com)
  • Higher levels of ester sulfate lower the solubility temperature of the carrageenan and produce lower strength gels, or contribute to gel inhibition (lambda carrageenan). (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, the genus Gigartina produces mainly kappa carrageenans during its gametophytic stage, and lambda carrageenans during its sporophytic stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aside from this small extra sulphate substitution, the structure is that of the idealised lambda-carrageenan. (nih.gov)
  • Lambda carrageenan is cold soluble and acts simply as a thickening agent. (cargill.com)
  • Lambda-carrageenan will not gel but acts as a very good thickener. (preparedfoods.com)
  • lambda]-carrageenan contains no hydrophobic 3,6AG bridge but has three hydrophilic sulfate ester groups, which makes this carrageenan readily water soluble under most conditions. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The active ingredient was 2% pharmaceutical grade lambda carrageenan, a sulphated polymer that is generally recognised as safe by the US Food and Drug Administration. (bmj.com)
  • ChondrusCrispus species is used for production of Lambda Carrageenan. (freead1.net)
  • Chondrus crispus actually contains a mix of carrageenan types, the predominant ones being kappa and lambda. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Rees and his co-workers later altered this so that kappa and lambda carrageenan referred to idealised specific disaccharides. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Lambda carrageenan has both its sugar residues in a 4-C-1 conformation and does not form gels. (cybercolloids.net)
  • The system under analysis consists of a mixture of lambda-carrageenans and variant agaroids. (eurekamag.com)
  • This moss is now the source of carrageenan, a fat substitute (perhaps most famously used in the failed McLean Deluxe) and a food additive used as a thickener in dairy and nondairy products . (care2.com)
  • How do we know that Carrageenan is a safe food additive? (followyourheart.com)
  • The most common uses of carrageenan include its role in conventional medicine, as a food additive and in weight loss products, among others. (organicfacts.net)
  • Carrageenan is a common food additive extracted from red seaweed. (organicfacts.net)
  • Carrageenan is a food additive commonly used in yogurt, dairy-free milk, and other processed foods. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Carrageenan is a common food additive with no nutritional value. (drweil.com)
  • Despite such findings, carrageenan is still approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an additive and remains in wide use in many food products. (drweil.com)
  • Carrageenan is a widely used food additive that is obtained from certain types of red seaweed. (greenerchoices.org)
  • Natural News ) In case you've never heard of it, carrageenan is a food-processing additive that is exclusively used for binding, emulsifying, and creating texture, especially when used as a fat substitute. (naturalnews.com)
  • Various studies conducted by scientist have shown that undegraded carrageenan which has a high molecular weight, is used as food additive and not degraded carrageenan. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • mainly carrageenan it is an idea food additive,whose 1,3-linking unit and 1,4-linking unit are D-Galactose-4 sulfate ester and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose respectively. (davisdvd.com)
  • Carrageenan is an additive used to thicken, emulsify, and preserve foods and drinks. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • The thickening and the stabilizing properties of Carrageenan are the reason why it has been used as a popular food additive for many years for food production and other industries. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Carrageenan has been used as a food additive in many common products for a long time. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • However, in 70+ years of carrageenan being used in processed foods, not a single substantiated claim of an acute or chronic disease has been reported as arising from carrageenan consumption," the company states, also pointing to numerous studies that the additive poses no threat, including a FDA report that dismissed a petition to ban it from food products. (provisioneronline.com)
  • Derived from red seaweed, carrageenan is a food grade additive primarily used as a thickener to give various foods and beverages a fattier feel -without the full fat ingredients. (collective-evolution.com)
  • Carrageenan is a food grade additive derived from red seaweed that is primarily used as a thickener in various foods and beverages. (collective-evolution.com)
  • Carrageenan (a common food additive used as a thickener) nasal spray has been investigated in patients who have a common cold. (isrctn.com)
  • Carrageenan is a natural hydrocolloid additive obtained from the red Chondrus crispus seaweed. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • Carrageenan is an additive that is used to emulsify, thicken, and preserve the food and dairy products. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • It has obtained approval from the European Union as a food additive with E-number E407.Carrageenan gum is primarily used in several application industries such as pet food, meat & processed food, dairy products, air fresheners, pharmaceuticals, beverages, and others. (abnewswire.com)
  • One of the best ways you can avoid carrageenan is to avoid dairy-free milk products, this includes some brands of almond milk. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • We don't think it's necessary to avoid carrageenan, but if you want to err on the side of caution, check the ingredients list. (berkeleywellness.com)
  • She went on to list a number of the reasons as to why I may want to avoid carrageenan and helped me look for a potential alternative -eventually settling upon a chocolate rice milk. (collective-evolution.com)
  • Carrageenan is an extract from red seaweed , which can be boiled, filtered and then ground into a fine powder. (organicfacts.net)
  • Cargill has created Satiagel Seabrid, a new carrageenan extract, based on 100% cultivated seaweed, which the company said creates a supply of sustainably-sourced ingredients that delivers a texture preferred by consumers. (dairyreporter.com)
  • Ingredients Solutions Inc. has produced a white paper detailing the myths about carrageenan, a naturally occurring seaweed extract used to improve texture and stability in food products. (provisioneronline.com)
  • The bee pollen bulk mildly suppressed the carrageenan-induced paw edema and the water extract showed almost no inhibitory activity, but the ethanol extract showed relatively strong inhibition of paw edema. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The in vitro tests used to evaluate ethanolic extract are cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), lipooxygenase (5-LOX), secretory phospholipase-A2 (sPLA2) inhibition assay whilst the in-vivo effect was measured by the ability of aqueous extracts to reduce paw edema induced by λ-carrageenan, in rats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The unique chemical structure of carrageenan stimulates a natural immune response in the body, which recognizes it as a dangerous invader. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • The reasoning seems to lie within the chemical structure of carrageenan, which when consumed triggers an autoimmune response within the body. (collective-evolution.com)
  • The antiinflammatory activity was evaluated in male albino rats of Wistar strain (150-200 g) by both carrageenan-induced rat paw edema and cotton pellet granuloma method. (ijpsonline.com)
  • In carrageenan-induced rat paw edema method, the animals were divided into 4 groups of 6 animals each. (ijpsonline.com)
  • One hour later, paw edema was produced by injecting of 1% solution of carrageenan, and paw volume was measured before and after carrageenan injection up to 5 h. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 0.01) reduced paw edema induced by λ-carrageenan in the experimental model, at 4 h compared to the vehicle control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Salvemini D, Wang ZQ, Bourdon DM, Stern MK, Currie MG, Manning PT: Evidence of peroxynitrite involvement in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. (springermedizin.de)
  • Effect of an alternating magnetic field on the development of carrageenan paw edema in the rat]. (emf-portal.org)
  • Sun drying semi-refined carrageenan (alkali treated K. alvarezii ). (fao.org)
  • Disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising semi-refined carrageenan. (google.es)
  • Specific formulations incorporating semi-refined carrageenan are described. (google.es)
  • Extraction through aqueous alkaline solution results in semi-refined carrageenan (SRC), which is sold in powdered form. (abnewswire.com)
  • The latest suggests carrageenan consumption could possibly lead to a leaky gut by disrupting the integrity of the tight junctions that form around the cells lining our intestine the barrier between our bloodstream and the outside world. (care2.com)
  • The most recent medical paper we have on carrageenan's carcinogenicity suggests that carrageenan consumption increases the risk for certain cancers. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • I recommend avoiding regular consumption of foods containing carrageenan. (drweil.com)
  • Although the use and consumption of the red seaweed that contains Carrageenan has been going on for centuries and the use of extracted Carrageenan has only been around for some decades, the safety of Carrageenan for this particular use has been questioned by many health experts. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • The paper was drafted in response to claim that carrageenan is unsafe for human consumption. (provisioneronline.com)
  • Whether it one day receives that label or not, carrageenan certainly warrants some level of warning and your consumption of it should be at least monitored. (collective-evolution.com)
  • Furthermore, significant consumption of dairy products in Europe is propelling the demand for carrageenan gum. (abnewswire.com)
  • These structural parameters affect the properties exhibited by each type of carrageenan. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Each type of carrageenan reacts differently when combined with proteins. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Other seaweed types, such as chondrus crispus and Gigartina types contain not only a mix of κ and λ type carrageenans but also a type of carrageenan polymer that is essentially a block copolymer of different carrageenan types. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Rather the principle is to wash everything out of the seaweed that will dissolve in alkali and water, leaving the carrageenan and other insoluble matter behind. (fao.org)
  • Good quality solution-state 13C NMR spectra were recorded and interpreted for this carrageenan and for the carrageenans produced from it by solvolytic desulphation and alkali modification. (nih.gov)
  • Today, two distinct varieties of carrageenan exist in U.S. manufacturing: Food-grade, or "undegraded," is extracted with heat, water, and mild acids and alkali. (newhope.com)
  • Arias F, Mansilla A, Matsuhiro B, Pavez J, Torres R, Yáñez-Sánchez M (2016) Carrageenans from nuclear phases of subantartic Mazzaella laminarioides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) and graft copolymerizacion of alkali-modified carrageenan with acrylamide. (springer.com)
  • After treatment with hot alkali solution (e.g., 5-8% potassium hydroxide), the cellulose is removed from the carrageenan by centrifugation and filtration. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • When processed with acid instead of alkali, carrageenan is degraded to a low molecular weight, and is called "degraded carrageenan" or poligeenan. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • The major common and essential step in carrageenan extraction procedures is alkali treatment at raised temperature for specific time. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Some types of seaweed species contains relatively pure carrageenan fractions Eucheuma Cottonii contains largely κ carrageenan and μ carrageenan which may be converted to kappa carrageenan by alkali treatment. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Carrageenan, or carrageenan gum, is a derivative of Irish Moss or red algae that is used as a natural stabilizer, binding agent, and emulsifier. (nowfoods.com)
  • Carrageenan is the collective name for a group of long-chain carbohydrates (polysaccharides), which are contained in the cells of various red algae. (weleda.com)
  • Biologically active polysaccharides from red algae known as carrageenan appear to suppress the activity of peritoneal phagocytes in mice, generating an immunosuppressant effect. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Avoid with known allergy or hypersensitivity to seaweed, algae, or carrageenan. (grainbininc.com)
  • All carrageenans are high-molecular-weight polysaccharides and mainly made up of alternating 3-linked b-D-galac- topyranose (G-units) and 4-linked a-D-galactopyranose (D-units) or 4-linked 3,6-anhydro-a-D-galactopyranose (DA-units), forming the disaccharide repeating unit of carrageenans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present spelling, 'carrageenan', has become accepted within the past 25 years, this being consonant with the use of the - an suffix for the names of polysaccharides. (fao.org)
  • Although the Malayan word, 'agar-agar' refers to Eucheuma species it is now known that these yield carrageenans rather than agar-type polysaccharides. (fao.org)
  • Carrageenans are polysaccharides made of galactose units with different levels of sulfate substitution. (cargill.com)
  • Considering that the understanding of the genetic basis of carrageenan biosynthesis is limited, our analysis highlights the need for experimental studies examining the effects of taxon and geographical origin in these polysaccharides as a strategy for improving both carrageenan quality and quantity through strain selection. (springer.com)
  • Carrageenan gum belongs to gel forming and viscosifying polysaccharides family, which are extracted from red seaweed counterparts. (gminsights.com)
  • Carrageenan is a common name for a family of gel-forming and viscosifying polysaccharides that are extracted from a species of red seaweed belonging to class Rhodophyceae. (abnewswire.com)
  • Most of the studies cited in her article report on degraded carrageenan (poligeenan). (followyourheart.com)
  • However, a study in 1969 by Marcus and Watt explains that "poligeenan with an average molecular weight of about 20,000 daltons has none of the food functions of carrageenan whose average molecular weight is never lower than 100,000 daltons and is usually much higher. (followyourheart.com)
  • Therefore, comparing "digested" carrageenan to poligeenan is a false equivalency. (followyourheart.com)
  • Degraded" carrageenan, a.k.a. "poligeenan," is extracted by boiling it in much stronger acid "like battery acid" for long periods to reduce it to a small molecule, says William Matakas, seaweed platform marketing manager for ingredient supplier FMC. (newhope.com)
  • She and others note that many oft-cited studies used degraded carrageenan (poligeenan) in lab animals not people. (newhope.com)
  • This "natural" food ingredient can be transformed in acid to poligeenan or "degraded" carrageenan. (bewell.com)
  • The degraded Carrageenan or commonly known as Poligeenan is much heavier than the under-graded Carrageenan. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • Carrageenan is possibly unsafe when taken by mouth in degraded, poligeenan form, or when taken by infants. (grainbininc.com)
  • In 2013, the nonprofit Cornucopia Institute petitioned FDA to remove carrageenan from the food supply. (newhope.com)
  • Meanwhile, the Cornucopia Institute has developed a shopping guide for avoiding carrageenan and intends to keep on the FDA to-if nothing else-get it out of organics. (newhope.com)
  • The Cornucopia Institute published a very detailed report of carrageenan in 2013 that provides some very concerning evidence regarding this common canned/moist pet food ingredient. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • If you have eliminated carrageenan from your diet for at least two weeks in an effort to find relief from gastrointestinal symptoms, please let us know the results by filling out a questionnaire developed in collaboration with medical researchers. (cornucopia.org)
  • Your participation in this questionnaire will help scientists better understand the severity and degree of carrageenan-related gastrointestinal disease in the general population. (cornucopia.org)
  • Experimenting with a carrageenan-free diet has already resolved uncomfortable conditions for many, so if you suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms, cutting out carrageenan is certainly worth a try. (cornucopia.org)
  • [ 1 ] It is also suggested that carrageenan has negative effects on the gastrointestinal tract, potentially contributing to issues such as irritable bowel disease (IBD) and colitis. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Review of harmful gastrointestinal effects of carrageenan in animal experiments. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Some animal studies have linked "degraded" forms of carrageenan (the type not used in food) to ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. (drweil.com)
  • It linked carrageenan, particularly a "degraded" form that may be produced during food preparation and digestion, to gastrointestinal ulcerations and tumors in mice. (berkeleywellness.com)
  • She determined that carrageenan accumulation in the GI creates holes in the gastrointestinal tract, allowing undigested food particles to enter the blood system and potentially clog lymph glands, though her work has been discounted by the FDA. (naturalnews.com)
  • Nonetheless, carrageenan isn't free from health concerns, with most of its issues relating to effects on the gastrointestinal system. (thesleuthjournal.com)
  • Joanne K. Tobacman, MD, who has published multiple peer-reviewed studies on the biological effects of carrageenan, believes that all forms of it are harmful. (drweil.com)
  • Cornucopia developed a guide to help consumers avoid foods with carrageenan. (cornucopia.org)
  • Consuming foods with carrageenan may have some health benefits, but it is important to understand the full impact of the ingredients you are eating. (organicfacts.net)
  • Research, including industry-sponsored research, shows that consuming foods with carrageenan can expose consumers to degraded carrageenan (carrageenan with a lower molecular weight). (greenerchoices.org)
  • On November 17, 2016, the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) voted to prohibit carrageenan as an ingredient in organic foods. (greenerchoices.org)
  • In this report, the global Carrageenan Gum market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022. (absolutereports.com)
  • Carrageenan is an ingredient derived from red seaweed that works as a thickener in foods. (followyourheart.com)
  • Carrageenan is actually derived from red seaweed, so I totally had its source wrong. (happy-mothering.com)
  • Although carrageenans were introduced on an industrial scale in the 1930s, they were first used in China around 600 B.C. (where Gigartina was used) and in Ireland around 400 A.D. Carrageen gelatin can be prepared by boiling 5 oz (140 g) of rinsed Irish moss in 8 imp qt (9.1 l) of water for 10 minutes, stirring the mixture as it boils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). (nih.gov)
  • Amimi A, Mouradi A, Bennasser L, Givernaud T (2007) Seasonal variation in thalli and carrageenan composition of Gigartina pistillata (Gmelin) Stackhouse (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) harvested along the Atlanctic coast of Morocco. (springer.com)
  • Rhodophyta of different species, such as Gigartina, Chondrus crispus, Eucheuma, and Hypnea, have been revealed to be good source of carrageenans [8] and based on the source, different types of carrageenans can be acquired. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Gigartina is one of the major species used in the extraction of carrageenan. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Unlike in some weed types Gigartina has the various carrageenan types actually mixed up along the same polymer chain in a 'hybrid' type of polymer. (cybercolloids.net)
  • This gives the carrageenan made from Gigartina or Chondrus weed species quite different properties from those made from the Eucheuma type species from South east Asia. (cybercolloids.net)
  • You may also find carrageenan in your toothpaste , as it is a powerful, natural binding agent. (organicfacts.net)
  • It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Find carrageenan at best price offered by carrageenan manufacturers, carrageenan suppliers, dealers, traders and exporters. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Did you find carrageenan listed in your favorite milk substitute? (happy-mothering.com)
  • At the USDA's National Organic Standards Board meeting in May 2012, Dr. Joanne Tobacman, a physician-scientist at the University of Illinois School of Medicine and the nation's foremost independent expert on carrageenan, presented her research and urged the NOSB to remove carrageenan from organic foods. (cornucopia.org)
  • The NOSB's vote passed a recommendation to the Secretary of Agriculture to remove carrageenan from the list of substances that are exempt from the organic law's prohibition on synthetic and non-organic ingredients. (greenerchoices.org)
  • Our advocacy work to remove carrageenan from organic foods will continue until the U.S. Department of Agriculture publishes a final rule to remove carrageenan from organic foods. (greenerchoices.org)
  • Wow, I had no idea about the ingredient carrageenan… I am scaring myself to death just reading it! (dailykitten.com)
  • Although it is a little bit of a challenge to find a canned dog food or cat food without the ingredient carrageenan, when you read the research done on this ingredient, you'll probably feel the search for a carrageenan free pet food is worth the effort. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Take the time to scan the ingredients in your canned foods to look for the ingredient carrageenan - Just Don't Do It. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Before I get into it, if you're drinking any sort of milk substitute, go grab it and look for this ingredient: Carrageenan. (happy-mothering.com)
  • The Global Carrageenan Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Carrageenan industry. (ne.jp)
  • The fruits were treated with 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% carrageenan and stored at two different temperatures, 26°C and 20°C. Carrageenan functional groups in banana peel samples as well as changes in surface structure of banana peel, color, weight loss, pulp to peel ratio, total soluble solid, and levels of MaACS1 and MaACO1 gene expression were analyzed. (hindawi.com)
  • kappa]-carrageenan possesses a 3,6AG bridge and no more than one sulfate ester group, making this carrageenan less hydrophilic and less soluble in water. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Carrageenan Kappa is also soluble in hot water. (creamsupplies.co.uk)
  • The fraction of the carrageenans from the tetrasporic stage of Iridaea undulosa soluble in potassium chloride was subfractionated by ion-exchange chromatography on an anion exchanger diluted with gel permeation media. (eurekamag.com)
  • Carrageenans are added with brine to preserve the ham as it reacts with the water while keeping the soluble proteins intact. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • Xanthan gum and carrageenan were purchased from Hebeidadi Biological Technology Co. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The increasing demand from the cosmeceutical industries is also driving the carrageenan market in the region. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • Many red algal species produce different types of carrageenans during their developmental history. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until the Eucheumas were recognized as valuable carrageenophytes by the western carrageenan industry that the large-scale export of these species became established. (fao.org)
  • Utilization of these not only has greatly extended the base, and the geographical area, from which the industry can draw raw materials, but also has extended the range of properties of their extractives, as different species yield carrageenans of differing structure and properties. (fao.org)
  • The name Carrageenan is derived from "[a] species of seaweed known as Carrageen Moss or Irish Moss in England, and Carraigin in Ireland. (followyourheart.com)
  • Carrageenan, an ingredient derived from various species of red seaweed, has been used for hundreds of years as a thickener in foods (2) and was first made commercially in 1940 for chocolate milk and junket (3), a milk dessert similar to pudding. (followyourheart.com)
  • Although originally only extracted from Irish moss, today Carrageenans are manufactured from numerous red seaweed species. (cargill.com)
  • The most popular carrageenan species is harvested off the coasts of Ireland during warmer months. (ticgums.com)
  • The popular sources for Carrageenan are the ChondrusCripus, EucheumaCottonii and EucheumaSpinosum species. (freead1.net)
  • Unlike the other weed types the Eucheuma species are relatively pure in the carrageenan type they contain. (cybercolloids.net)
  • In the original method - the only one used until the late 1970s-early 1980s - the carrageenan is extracted from the seaweed into an aqueous solution, the seaweed residue is removed by filtration and then the carrageenan is recovered from the solution, eventually as a dry solid containing little else than carrageenan. (fao.org)
  • The gelation behavior of κ-carrageenan in aqueous solution was studied by microdifferential scanning calorimetry and rheology. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Carrageenan gum market is segmented on the basis of production methods include by dissolving in alkaline solution and by recovery of itaconic acid from aqueous solution. (gminsights.com)
  • Carrageenan is commercially produced by two methods: by recovery of itaconic acid from aqueous solution and by dissolving in alkaline solution. (abnewswire.com)
  • The processor now has a clear solution of carrageenan and there are two methods for recovering it as a solid, both rather similar to those described previously for agar production. (fao.org)
  • Carrageenan, along with agar, are used to produce traditional jelly deserts in the Philippines called gulaman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Learn more about our Carrageenan and Agar products. (ticgums.com)
  • It should be noted that carrageenan macromolecules are not homogeneous chains made up of the same repetitive units, but they are heterogeneous, either due to differing molecular structures within the chains or due to differing chains within the seaweed. (cargill.com)
  • Undegraded carrageenan has a high molecular weight which makes its' absorption difficult and it passes through the body. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • A group of seven λ-Carrageenan oligosaccharides (λ-COs) with different molecular weights were investigated in the present study for their ability to bind to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and to affect the activity of bFGF and heparanase, and their cell invasion characteristics. (moleculardevices.com)
  • The room-temperature-extracted fraction from the red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii consists mainly of low-molecular-weight carrageenans, with structural dispersion around a basic kappa-pattern. (eurekamag.com)
  • The increasing demand for hydrocolloids from various non-food industries such as pharmaceuticals and personal care is also expected to propel the carrageenan market. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • Rising demand for fast and processed food in Asia Pacific is expected to propel the demand for carrageenan gumin this region. (abnewswire.com)
  • Further, demand for carrageenan gum market is growing substantially owing to increasing application in pharmaceutical industry especially as a gelling agent. (gminsights.com)
  • Additionally, increasing demand for processed food and dairy products is boosting the demand for carrageenan gum globally. (abnewswire.com)
  • Laboratory research has shown consuming carrageenan can cause ulcerative colitis-like disease and intestinal lesions and ulcerations in some animals. (greenerchoices.org)
  • 7. The toothpaste composition of claim 1 wherein the toothpaste viscosity builder is a combination viscosity builder comprising refined carrageenan and ultra low viscosity guar gum. (google.es)
  • I just looked at my canned Newmans Own and it doesn't have carrageenan, but does have guar gum. (dailykitten.com)
  • Food processors use gums, such as guar gum and locust bean gum, as alternatives to carrageenan easier. (rememberthemothers.net)
  • However, the availability of other substitutes in the market like xantham gum and guar gum is a major restraint for the carrageenan market. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • The global carrageenan market has witnessed significant growth in the past few years on account of its rising demand from the food & beverages industry. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • The growing demand for natural food additives, especially the gelling, and emulsifying agents is anticipated to fuel the global carrageenan market. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • LongShengZhi Capsule reduces carrageenan-induced thrombosis by reducing activation of platelets and endothelial cells. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Carrageenans are widely used in the food industry, for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carrageenan is widely used in dairy products because it forms complexes with calcium and milk proteins. (scitoys.com)
  • More worrisome, undegraded carrageenan - the type that is widely used in foods - has now also been associated with malignancies and stomach problems. (drweil.com)
  • The investigators noted that carrageenan is widely used in processed foods eaten by children and that the incidence rate of IBD among kids has been increasing. (drweil.com)
  • Food manufacturers are under pressure to replace carrageenan, an ingredient that's widely used in products. (indianapublicmedia.org)
  • Carrageenan is widely used in the food industry for its ability to stabilize dairy products, provide texture and suspension in beverages and to form the gels that you find in puddings or bakery fillings. (ticgums.com)
  • So to wrap up, in this episode we were able to touch on a new category of gums as well as look at the beneficial characteristics of Carrageenan, one of the more widely known Seaweed Extracts. (ticgums.com)
  • Methylcellulose (MC) and kappa carrageenan (KCG) are widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries as a viscosity modifier, a gelling aid, and a film former due to their reversible thermal gelation properties. (springer.com)
  • The manufacturers are incorporating carrageenan widely for the production of convenience foods. (fortunebusinessinsights.com)
  • Carrageenan is a vegetarian and vegan alternative to gelatin in some applications or may be used to replace gelatin in confectionery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride and N -hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) as crosslinking agent at optimum concentrations. (hindawi.com)
  • Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was examined by SEM. (hindawi.com)
  • One of the newer offerings is Ceambloom 3240™, a carrageenan designed for gelatin-free, jelly-type water desserts. (preparedfoods.com)
  • WG-9577: System composed of clear-gelling carrageenans with clarified locust bean gum to provide gelatin like water dessert gels which do not require refrigeration. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • A novel biohybrid hydrogel nanocomposite made of natural polymer carrageenan and gelatin protein were developed. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Here, the Ag/Carrageenan was combined with gelatin hydrogel using glutaraldehyde having a cross-link role in order to create the biohybrid hydrogel nanocomposite. (strath.ac.uk)
  • The swelling behaviour of the Ag/Carrageenan-gelatin hybrid hydrogel nanocomposite was also analyzed. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Carrageenan, extracted from the red alga Eucheuma cottonii ( Rhodophyceae ), had been reported to be used as edible packaging material for fruits [ 12 - 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Eucheuma Spinosum contains a similarly high level of ι carrageenan with some ν carrageenan precursor. (cybercolloids.net)
  • In carrageenans, all the galactose units occur in the D form. (cargill.com)
  • Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. (preparedfoods.com)
  • The differences in the content and position of sulfate group in galactose units resulted in different carrageenan structures, which as a result differ in the rheological features of solutions and gels. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The gel method relies on the ability of kappa carrageenan to form a gel with potassium salts. (fao.org)
  • For the freeze-thaw process it is convenient to form it as spaghetti-like pieces by forcing the carrageenan solution through fine holes into a potassium chloride solution. (fao.org)
  • There are three main commercial classes of carrageenan: Kappa forms strong, rigid gels in the presence of potassium ions, and reacts with dairy proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gelation of kappa carrageenan is particularly enhanced by the potassium ion. (cargill.com)
  • Kappa-carrageenan is capable of forming rigid gels in the presence of potassium ions. (preparedfoods.com)
  • If Potassium Chloride (KCL) or nothing is used during the processing of Carrageenan then it will be Halal. (islamqa.info)
  • Carrageenan is made up of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium sulphate esters of galactose and 3, 6-anhydrogalactose units. (freead1.net)
  • Carrageenan forms into a gel with potassium and calcium salts. (creamsupplies.co.uk)
  • The presence of potassium ions shifted the formation and melting temperatures of κ-carrageenan hydrogel to higher temperatures, and the temperatures for gel formation and melting increased with increasing potassium ions' content. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • It was found that potassium humate had no effect on the delayed type hypersensitivity reaction but significantly inhibited the increase in paw volume of the carrageenan-induced oedema in rats which compared favourably with indomethacin treatment. (up.ac.za)
  • The most well-known and still most important red seaweed used for manufacturing the hydrophilic colloids to produce carrageenan is Chondrus crispus (Irish moss) which is a dark red parsley-like plant that grows attached to the rocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 'original' carrageenan was Chondrus Crispus ,a red seaweed found in the north Atlantic. (cybercolloids.net)
  • Today Newfoundland is one of the main sources of chondrus crispus but it is not a major source of carrageenan in world terms. (cybercolloids.net)
  • With its unique polymer structure, carrageenan possesses good solubility and water-binding properties that function as a good emulsifier for skincare formulas. (lorealparisusa.com)
  • The silver nanoparticles were prepared using the carrageenan polymer as reduction and capping agent. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Out of these different seaweed extracts, there's one that you're more likely to hear about and that's Carrageenan. (ticgums.com)
  • Extracts of carrageenan have been used as food additives for hundreds of years. (grainbininc.com)
  • Apparently there are plenty foods without carrageenan - but still hard to find brands without mixing proteins, etc. (dailykitten.com)
  • Carrageenan can be utilized in many applications for its ability to gel, thicken and to stabilize proteins. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • As the wort cools the wort proteins react with carrageenan and settle in the whirlpool or at a cold break during fermentation, to be removed along with the excess yeast. (murphyandson.co.uk)
  • High usage of the product in milk based materials is anticipated to propel the carrageenan gum demand due to its features include strong reactivity with variety of materials like milk proteins. (gminsights.com)
  • ISRCTN15435307: Does carrageenan nasal spray improve quality of life in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis? (isrctn.com)
  • This study evaluates the impact of a medical device, a carrageenan nasal spray, on quality of life in patients diagnosed with CRS. (isrctn.com)
  • Carrageenan-induced paw oedema and LPS-activated macrophages are studied in this article. (springermedizin.de)
  • BALB/c mice were induced thrombosis by injection of carrageenan while receiving pre or simultaneous LSZ treatment. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We had known for decades that it had harmful effects on laboratory animals, but in 2008 the first study on human cells to "suggest that carrageenan exposure may have a role in development of human intestinal pathology" was conducted. (care2.com)
  • Overall, studies suggest that carrageenan may be safe for use by males and females. (grainbininc.com)
  • Recent research suggests that carrageenan may also contribute to insulin resistance and to the development of Type 2 diabetes. (greenerchoices.org)
  • In this study, the effect of different concentrations of carrageenan and storage temperatures on Cavendish banana shelf life and fruit quality was evaluated. (hindawi.com)
  • And she has reported that when laboratory mice are exposed to low concentrations of carrageenan for 18 days, they develop "profound" glucose intolerance and impaired insulin action, both of which can lead to diabetes . (drweil.com)
  • In 2014, researchers showed that exposure of human colonic epithelial cells in culture and of mouse colonic epithelium in vivo to low concentrations of carrageenan activated the Wnt/[beta]-catenin signaling pathway, leading to increases in nuclear p-catenin, T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor activation, and cyclin D1 expression. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This raises concerns, since degraded carrageenan is classified as a possible human carcinogen (group 2B) by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (greenerchoices.org)
  • Degraded carrageenan is classified as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. (berkeleywellness.com)
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer recognizes degraded carrageenan as a "possible human carcinogen," based on research showing that it leads to higher rates of colon cancer in lab animals. (truthaboutpetfood.com)
  • Degraded carrageenan is also listed as a possible carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the United Nations. (bewell.com)
  • In fact, non-food safe carrageenan was listed as a "possible human carcinogen" by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1983. (happy-mothering.com)
  • Several studies have been conducted to further explore the exact impact that carrageenan has on the human body and the results have been somewhat scattered -primarily over whether or not it warrants classification as a carcinogen. (collective-evolution.com)
  • The research, conducted in animals, revealed that in most - but not all - cases carrageenan promoted intestinal ulcerations and other changes similar to those seen in humans with IBD. (drweil.com)
  • Hundreds of people have come forward to say that their health problems - from migraines to intestinal issues - improved when they eliminated carrageenan from their diet. (indianapublicmedia.org)
  • Can Carrageenan Cause Intestinal Disorders and Even Cancer? (berkeleywellness.com)
  • Q: Can carrageenan cause intestinal disorders and even cancer, as I've read on the Internet? (berkeleywellness.com)