Carrageenan: A water-soluble extractive mixture of sulfated polysaccharides from RED ALGAE. Chief sources are the Irish moss CHONDRUS CRISPUS (Carrageen), and Gigartina stellata. It is used as a stabilizer, for suspending COCOA in chocolate manufacture, and to clarify BEVERAGES.Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.Pleurisy: INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Zinc Acetate: A salt produced by the reaction of zinc oxide with acetic acid and used as an astringent, styptic, and emetic.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Lecythidaceae: A plant family of the order Lecythidales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Excipients: Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.Chondroitinsulfatases: A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Kaolin: The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: "high ridge"), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Diclofenac: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.N-Acetylgalactosamine-4-Sulfatase: An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Nasal Sprays: Pharmacologic agents delivered into the nostrils in the form of a mist or spray.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.BornanesFood Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Hyperesthesia: Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.Rhodophyta: Plants of the division Rhodophyta, commonly known as red algae, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However, if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Some rhodophyta are notable SEAWEED (macroalgae).Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Peroxidase: A hemeprotein from leukocytes. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to a hereditary disorder coupled with disseminated moniliasis. It catalyzes the conversion of a donor and peroxide to an oxidized donor and water. EC 1.11.1.7.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Health Educators: Professionals who plan, organize and direct health education programs for the individual, groups and the community.Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.Pyramidal Tracts: Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.Ganoderma: A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Killer Cells, Natural: Bone marrow-derived lymphocytes that possess cytotoxic properties, classically directed against transformed and virus-infected cells. Unlike T CELLS; and B CELLS; NK CELLS are not antigen specific. The cytotoxicity of natural killer cells is determined by the collective signaling of an array of inhibitory and stimulatory CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. A subset of T-LYMPHOCYTES referred to as NATURAL KILLER T CELLS shares some of the properties of this cell type.Food, Organic: Food that is grown or manufactured in accordance with nationally regulated production standards that include restrictions on the use of pesticides, non-organic fertilizers, genetic engineering, growth hormones, irradiation, antibiotics, and non-organic ingredients.Chemistry, Analytic: The branch of chemistry dealing with detection (qualitative) and determination (quantitative) of substances. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.

Characterization of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of ketorolac and its enantiomers in the rat. (1/905)

The marked analgesic efficacy of ketorolac in humans, relative to other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), has lead to speculation as to whether additional non-NSAID mechanism(s) contribute to its analgesic actions. To evaluate this possibility, we characterized (R,S)-ketorolac's pharmacological properties in vivo and in vitro using the nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors [indomethacin (INDO) and diclofenac sodium (DS)] as well as the selective COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, as references. The potency of racemic (R,S)-ketorolac was similar in tests of acetic acid-induced writhing, carrageenan-induced paw hyperalgesia, and carrageenan-induced edema formation in rats; ID50 values = 0.24, 0. 29, and 0.08 mg/kg, respectively. (R,S)-ketorolac's actions were stereospecific, with (S)-ketorolac possessing the biological activity of the racemate in the above tests. The analgesic potencies for (R,S)-, (S)-, and (R)-ketorolac, INDO, and DS were highly correlated with their anti-inflammatory potencies, suggesting a common mechanism. (R,S)-ketorolac was significantly more potent than INDO or DS in vivo. Neither difference in relative potency of COX inhibition for (R,S)-ketorolac over INDO and DS nor activity of (S)-ketorolac at a number of other enzymes, channels, or receptors could account for the differences in observed potency. The distribution coefficient for (R,S)-ketorolac was approximately 30-fold less than for DS or INDO, indicating that (R,S)-ketorolac is much less lipophilic than these NSAIDs. Therefore, the physicochemical and pharmacokinetics properties of (R,S)-ketorolac may optimize the concentrations of (S)-ketorolac at its biological target(s), resulting in greater efficacy and potency in vivo.  (+info)

Cytokine-mediated inflammatory hyperalgesia limited by interleukin-4. (2/905)

1. The effect of IL-4 on responses to intraplantar (i.pl.) carrageenin, bradykinin, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2 was investigated in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. Also, the cellular source of the IL-4 was investigated. 2. IL-4, 30 min before the stimulus, inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, and TNFalpha, but not responses to IL-1beta, IL-8 and PGE2. 3. IL-4, 2 h before the injection of IL-1beta, did not affect the response to IL-1beta, whereas IL-4, 12 or 12+2 h before the IL-1beta, inhibited the hyperalgesia (-30%, -74%, respectively). 4. In murine peritoneal macrophages, murine IL-4 for 2 h before stimulation with LPS, inhibited (-40%) the production of IL-1beta but not PGE2. Murine IL-4 (for 16 h before stimulation with LPS) inhibited LPS-stimulated PGE2 but not IL-1beta. 5. Anti-murine IL-4 antibodies potentiated responses to carrageenin, bradykinin and TNFalpha, but not IL-1beta and IL-8, as well as responses to bradykinin in athymic rats but not in rats depleted of mast cells with compound 40/80. 6. These data suggest that IL-4 released by mast cells limits inflammatory hyperalgesia. During the early phase of the inflammatory response the mode of action of the IL-4 appears to be inhibition of the production TNFalpha, IL-1beta and IL-8. In the later phase of the response, in addition to inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-4 also may inhibit the release of PGs.  (+info)

The effects of inflammation and inflammatory mediators on nociceptive behaviour induced by ATP analogues in the rat. (3/905)

1. We have studied the behavioural effects of intraplantar injections of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and related compounds in freely moving rats and investigated whether these nociceptive effects are augmented in the presence of inflammatory mediators. 2. We find that in normal animals ATP and analogues produce dose-dependent nocifensive behaviour (seen as bursts of elevation of the treated hindpaw), and localized thermal hyperalgesia. The rank order of potency was: alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate (alpha,beta-methylene ATP) > 2-methylthioadenosine triphosphate (2-methylthio ATP) > ATP. After neonatal treatment with capsaicin, to destroy small calibre primary sensory neurones, nocifensive behaviour was largely absent. 3. The effects of ATP analogues were assessed in three models of peripheral sensitization: 2 h after dilute intraplantar carrageenan (0.25% w v(-1)); 24 h after irradiation of the hindpaw with ultraviolet (U.V.) B; immediately following prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) treatment. In all models the effect of alpha,beta-methylene ATP was greatly augmented. After carrageenan, significant hindpaw-lifting behaviour activity was induced by injection of only 0.05 nmol of alpha,beta-methylene ATP, some 100 times less than necessary in normal skin. 4. Our data suggest that it is much more likely that endogenous levels of ATP will reach levels capable of exciting nociceptors in inflamed versus normal skin. Our data also suggest the involvement of P2X3 receptor subunits in ATP-induced nociception.  (+info)

Effect of sodium glycyrrhetinate on chemical peritonitis in rats. (4/905)

AIM: To study the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of sodium glycyrrhetinate (SG). METHODS: Rat chemical peritonitis was used. The protein content and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) content in exudate were measured by Folin-phenol assay and RIA, respectively. SOD activity in neutrophils (Neu) was determined by pyrogallol-NBT colorimetry. cAMP content in Neu was detected by competitive protein binding assay. RESULTS: In peritonitis caused by histamine, SG 10-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume and Neu counts, and 5-20 mg.kg-1 i.m. lowered the protein content in exudate. In peritonitis induced by carrageenan, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced exudate volume, Neu counts, protein content and PGE2 content in exudate, increased SOD activity in Neu, but did not affect beta-glucuronidase release from Neu. In peritonitis induced by arachidonic acid, SG 20 mg.kg-1 i.m. reduced Neu counts, protein content, and PGE2 content in exudate, and attenuated the reduction of cAMP level in Neu. CONCLUSION: SG exerts its anti-inflammatory action by lowering permeability of capillaries in inflammatory site, inhibiting Neu emigration and PGE2 biosynthesis, and scavenging oxygen free radicals.  (+info)

Beneficial effects of raxofelast (IRFI 016), a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant, in carrageenan-induced pleurisy. (5/905)

1. Peroxynitrite is a strong oxidant that results from reaction between NO and superoxide. It has been recently proposed that peroxynitrite plays a pathogenetic role in inflammatory processes. Here we have investigated the therapeutic efficacy of raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 2. In vivo treatment with raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1) intraperitoneally 5 min before carrageenan) prevented in a dose dependent manner carrageenan-induced pleural exudation and polymorphonuclear migration in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, as well as histological organ injury were significantly reduced by raxofelast. 3. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, a footprint of peroxynitrite, revealed a positive staining in lungs from carrageenan-treated rats. No positive nitrotyrosine staining was found in the lungs of the carrageenan-treated rats, which received raxofelast (20 mg kg 1) treatment. 4. Furthermore, in vivo raxofelast (5, 10, 20 mg kg(-1)) treatment significantly reduced peroxynitrite formation as measured by the oxidation of the fluorescent dihydrorhodamine 123, prevented the appearance of DNA damage, the decrease in mitochondrial respiration and partially restored the cellular level of NAD+ in ex vivo macrophages harvested from the pleural cavity of rats subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 5. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that raxofelast, a new hydrophilic vitamin E-like antioxidant agent, exerts multiple protective effects in carrageenan-induced acute inflammation.  (+info)

Bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors, tumour necrosis factor alpha and inflammatory hyperalgesia. (6/905)

The effects of BK agonists and antagonists, and other hyperalgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs were measured (3 h after injection of hyperalgesic drugs) in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia (the end-point of which was indicated by a brief apnoea, the retraction of the head and forepaws, and muscular tremor). DALBK inhibited responses to carrageenin, bradykinin, DABK, and kallidin. Responses to kallidin and DABK were inhibited by indomethacin or atenolol and abolished by the combination of indomethacin + atenolol. DALBK or HOE 140, given 30 min before, but not 2 h after, carrageenin, BK, DABK and kallidin reduced hyperalgesic responses to these agents. A small dose of DABK+ a small dose of BK evoked a response similar to the response to a much larger dose of DABK or BK, given alone. Responses to BK were antagonized by HOE 140 whereas DALBK antagonized only responses to larger doses of BK. The combination of a small dose of DALBK with a small dose of HOE 140 abolished the response to BK. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (1 microg) was inhibited by DALBK or HOE 140 and abolished by DALBK + HOE 140. The hyperalgesic response to LPS (5 microg) was not antagonized by DALBK + HOE 140. These data suggest: (a) a predominant role for B2 receptors in mediating hyperalgesic responses to BK and to drugs that stimulate BK release, and (b) activation of the hyperalgesic cytokine cascade independently of both B1 and B2 receptors if the hyperalgesic stimulus is of sufficient magnitude.  (+info)

Limited anti-inflammatory efficacy of cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibition in carrageenan-airpouch inflammation. (7/905)

1. Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) is expressed at sites of inflammation and is believed to be the major source of inflammation-associated prostaglandin synthesis. Selective inhibition of COX-2 has been suggested to produce anti-inflammatory effects with reduced toxicity in the gastrointestinal tract. We examined the extent to which suppression of COX-2 led to inhibition of various components of inflammation in the carrageenan-airpouch model in the rat. 2. Indomethacin (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), nimesulide (> or =3 mg kg(-1)) and the selective COX-2 inhibitor, SC-58125 (> or =0.3 mg kg(-1)), significantly suppressed the production of prostaglandin E2 at the site of inflammation. At higher doses, indomethacin (> or =1 mg kg(-1)) and nimesulide (30 mg kg(-1)), but not SC-58125 (up to 10 mg kg(-1)), significantly inhibited COX-1 activity (as measured by whole blood thromboxane synthesis). 3. All three test drugs significantly reduced the volume of exudate in the airpouch, but only at doses greater than those required for substantial (>90%) suppression of COX-2 activity. Similarly, reduction of leukocyte infiltration was only observed with the doses of indomethacin and nimesulide that caused significant suppression of COX-1 activity. 4. SC-58125 did not significantly affect leukocyte infiltration into the airpouch at any dose tested (up to 10 mg kg(-1)). A second selective COX-2 inhibitor, Dup-697, was also found to suppress exudate PGE2 levels without significant effects on leukocyte infiltration. 5. These results indicate that selective inhibition of COX-2 results in profound suppression of PGE2 synthesis in the carrageenan-airpouch, but does not affect leukocyte infiltration. Exudate volume was only reduced with the highly selective COX-2 inhibitor when a dose far above that necessary for suppression of COX-2 activity was used. Inhibition of leukocyte infiltration was observed with indomethacin and nimesulide, but only at doses that inhibited both COX-1 and COX-2.  (+info)

Spinal blockade of opioid receptors prevents the analgesia produced by TENS in arthritic rats. (8/905)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for relief of pain. The literature on the clinical application of TENS is extensive. However, surprisingly few reports have addressed the neurophysiological basis for the actions of TENS. The gate control theory of pain is typically used to explain the actions of high-frequency TENS, whereas, low-frequency TENS is typically explained by release of endogenous opioids. The current study investigated the role of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors in antihyperalgesia produced by low- and high-frequency TENS by using an animal model of inflammation. Antagonists to mu (naloxone), delta (naltrinodole), or kappa (nor-binaltorphimine) opioid receptors were delivered to the spinal cord by microdialysis. Joint inflammation was induced by injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee-joint cavity. Withdrawal latency to heat was assessed before inflammation, during inflammation, after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid as a control) administration, and after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid) administration + TENS. Either high- (100 Hz) or low- frequency (4 Hz) TENS produced approximately 100% inhibition of hyperalgesia. Low doses of naloxone, selective for mu opioid receptors, blocked the antihyperalgesia produced by low-frequency TENS. High doses of naloxone, which also block delta and kappa opioid receptors, prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. Spinal blockade of delta opioid receptors dose-dependently prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. In contrast, blockade of kappa opioid receptors had no effect on the antihyperalgesia produced by either low- or high-frequency TENS. Thus, low-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through mu opioid receptors and high-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through delta opioid receptors in the spinal cord.  (+info)

*Carrageenan

Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. ... There are two basic grades of carrageenan: refined carrageenan (RC) and semi-refined carrageenan (SRC). In the United States ... gel refined carrageenan refined carrageenan The essential difference in the refining process is that the carrageenan is first ... In the European Union, refined carrageenan is designated by the E number E-407, and semi-refined carrageenan as E-407a. Refined ...

*Natural gum

Carrageenan (E407); Natural gums obtained from non-marine botanical resources: Polyelectrolytes: Gum arabic (E414), from the ...

*List of University of San Carlos alumni

Natural Grade (PNG) carrageenan as nontoxic food additive in the US and European Union which won approval and kept the Phil. ... carrageenan world market. He was awarded as Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines (TOYM) for Aquaculture in 1988 and the ... He played a key role in the formulation of the standard specifications of carrageenan and raw dried seaweed. He is the ... processed seaweeds and carrageenan export industry [7] Pio B. Castillo and Dennis B. Wong - CEO & president and COO, vice- ...

*Philippine Nuclear Research Institute

PGP Carrageenan for Stimulating Increase in Crop Production Hemostat for Stopping Bleeding in Wounds and Skin Openings Hydrogel ... During the years 2001-2005, a PVP carrageenan hydrogel dressing for burns and wounds was developed by the PNRI as well as the ... The PNRI developed a Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) Carrageenan dressing: a fully permanent gel in a form of a sheet that is 3-4mm ... Abad, "PVP-Carrageenan Hydrogel Dressing." 2008. De Guzman, "Radiation-Sterilized Honey Alginate Wound Dressing for Exudating ...

*Thickening agent

... for example kappa carrageenan will form strong gels(potassium activated) but iota carrageenan will not form gels and only ... Sugars include agar and carrageenan. Other thickening agents act on the proteins already present in a food. One example is ... Saccarides - Carrageenan, pullulan, konjac, and alginate, sometimes called hydrocolloids, these thickeners are extremely ... Carrageenan (E407, a polysaccharide obtained from red seaweeds) Locust bean gum (E410, a natural gum polysaccharide from the ...

*Alteromonas

... named for carrageenan; vorare, to devour - carrageenan decomposing) P. citrea (Gauthier 1977, citrea, of or pertaining to the ...

*Kappaphycus

All species produce kappa-carrageenan. Farming of this is a large business in the Philippines. Prof. Gavino Cajulao Trono Jr is ... Kappaphycus alvarezii is widely cultivated as a raw source of carrageenan, and other species are used, as well. Several ...

*Brewing

Examples of clarifying agents include isinglass, obtained from swimbladders of fish; Irish moss, a seaweed; kappa carrageenan, ...

*Cornucopia Institute

"Doubts surface about carrageenan, a common food additive". Retrieved 2016-06-27. "Questions and Answers About DHA/ARA and ... They have also reported on the food additives carrageenan and DHA. In addition, Cornucopia has released white papers and ...

*Eucheuma

... or guso in the Philippines, is a group of green or brown seaweeds/seaplants used in the production of carrageenan, an ... The seaweed is than harvested 10-12 weeks after planting in order to allow the crop to mature and increase its carrageenan ... Agar Carrageenan Seaweed farming [Neish I.C. (2003). The ABC of Eucheuma Seaplant Production. SuriaLink Infomedia - Seaplants ... Once harvested, the product can be dried, packaged, and then transported to areas ready for carrageenan extraction or used as a ...

*Heparinoid

Carrageenans are isolated from algae. Hyaluronan functions as a heparinoid when it is sulfonated. Intra-articular injections of ...

*Gavino Trono

The seaweed is farmed for the food additive carrageenan. Trono led the assessment of several coastal areas in Western Mindanao ...

*Kappaphycus alvarezii

... leaving a mixture of carrageenan and cellulose that can be sold as semirefined carrageenan. K. alvarezii is affected by ice-ice ... Carrageenan is extracted from this seaweed in two ways. In native extraction, the seaweed is made into an aqueous solution, and ... Different carrageenan types differ in composition and conformation, resulting in a wide range of rheological and functional ... Carrageenans are used in a variety of commercial applications as gelling, thickening, and stabilizing agents, especially in ...

*Microbicides for sexually transmitted diseases

Carrageenan may prevent HPV and HSV transmission, but not HIV. See Carrageenan#Medical Uses The phase III clinical trial for ... Thus, carrageenan and other microbicides of its class act as decoy receptors for viral binding. Carrageenan preparations (such ... The polyanion category of microbicides includes the carrageenans. Carrageenans are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides ... carrageenan-based Carraguard showed that it had no statistical effect on HIV infection, according to results released in 2008. ...

*Poligeenan

"Food additive carrageenan: Part II: A critical review of carrageenan in vivo safety studies. 21 C.F.R. §172.620 IARC Monographs ... "Food additive carrageenan: Part I: A critical review of carrageenan in vitro studies, potential pitfalls, and implications for ... Poligeenan and carrageenan are completely different products. Carrageenan is an approved food additive with an extensive ... Poligeenan is produced by the harsh acid degradation of carrageenan. Carrageenan in solution is processed at low pH (~1.0) and ...

*Rhinovirus

Other substances such as Iota-Carrageenan may form a basis for the creation of drugs to combat the human rhinovirus. In asthma ... "Iota-Carrageenan is a potent inhibitor of Human rhinovirus infection". Virol. J. 5: 107. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-5-107. PMC ...

*Paper marbling

Since the late 19th century, a boiled extract of the carrageenan-rich alga known as Irish moss (Chondrus crispus), has been ... Halfer discovered a method for preserving carrageenan, and his methods superseded earlier ones in Europe and the US. Marbling ... Today, many marblers use powdered carrageenan extracted from various seaweeds. Another plant-derived mucilage is made from ...

*Sour cream

... guar gum and carrageenan, as well as acids to artificially sour the product. Light, or reduced-fat, sour cream contains less ... carrageenan, calcium sulfate, potassium sorbate, and locust bean gum. Milk is approximately made up of 3.0-3.5% proteins, the ... and carrageenans. The reasoning behind the addition of stabilizers to fermented dairy products (sour cream, yoghurt, etc.) is ...

*Punicalin

Lin, Chun-Ching; Hsu, YF; Lin, TC (1999). "Effects of punicalagin and punicalin on carrageenan-induced inflammation in rats". ...

*Cell wall

Algae possess cell walls made of glycoproteins and polysaccharides such as carrageenan and agar that are absent from land ... carrageenan, porphyran, furcelleran and funoran. Other compounds that may accumulate in algal cell walls include sporopollenin ...

*Food grading

... refined carrageenan (RC) and semi-refined carrageenan (SRC). In the United States, RC and SRC are both labeled as carrageenan. ... Indonesia, the Philippines, and Chile are three main sources of raw material and extracted carrageenan. Lye is used to cure ... Organic green rooibos tea leaves There are two basic grades of carrageenan, ...

*Scutellaria lateriflora

"The Antiinflammatory and Analgesic Effects of Baicalin in Carrageenan-Evoked Thermal Hyperalgesia". Anesth Analg. 97: 1724-1729 ...

*Paeonol

It also has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in carrageenan-evoked thermal hyperalgesia. Paeonol inhibits anaphylactic ... Chou, Tz-Chong (2003). "Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of paeonol in carrageenan-evoked thermal hyperalgesia". British ...

*Kappa-carrageenase

... (EC 3.2.1.83, kappa-carrageenan 4-beta-D-glycanohydrolase) is an enzyme with systematic name kappa- ... Weigl, J.; Yashe, W. (1966). "The enzymic hydrolysis of carrageenan by Pseudomonas carrageenovora: purification of a κ- ... carrageenan 4-beta-D-glycanohydrolase (configuration-retaining). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction ... Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-linkages between D-galactose 4-sulfate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose in kappa-carrageenans The ...

*Silver nanoparticle

The concentration of κ-carrageenan is used to influence particle size distribution of the AgNPs. There are many ways silver ... Under ultrasound treatment, silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are synthesized with κ-carrageenan as a natural stabilizer. The ... "Green sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles at varying concentrations of κ-carrageenan" (PDF). Nanoscale Research ...
Disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising semi-refined carrageenan. Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and semi-refined iota carrageenan. Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a combination of both semi-refined kappa and iota carrageenan. Such a formulation is preferably comprised of about 10% to about 20% refined kappa-2/lambda carrageenan; about 35% to about 50% refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about 20% standardizing agent; by dry weight. Specific formulations incorporating semi-refined carrageenan are described. Properties and characteristics exhibited by a toothpaste which incorporates the specific binder formulations are also described. Also disclosed is a toothpaste binder composition comprising a semi-refined carrageenan, such
Gelling in carrageenan is caused by helix formation and this can only occur in repeat structures where the B residue is in a 1-C-4 conformation. Lambda carrageenan has both its sugar residues in a 4-C-1 conformation and does not form gels. All the gelling types of carrageenan which include κ and ι all contain a 3,6 anhydro bridge on the B unit which forces the sugar to flip from a 4-C-1 conformation to a 1-C-4 conformation and can then form cross-link networks and gels.. Some types of seaweed species contains relatively pure carrageenan fractions Eucheuma Cottonii contains largely κ carrageenan and μ carrageenan which may be converted to kappa carrageenan by alkali treatment. Eucheuma Spinosum contains a similarly high level of ι carrageenan with some ν carrageenan precursor. Furcellaran contains a strong gelling type carrageenan which is very much like kappa carrageenan. Other seaweed types, such as chondrus crispus and Gigartina types contain not only a mix of κ and λ type carrageenans ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
In this comment, three major points are addressed. These are: 1) exposure to carrageenan causes inflammation which is harmful; 2) the amount of carrageenan consumed in the human diet is sufficient to cause inflammation; 3) both undegraded and degraded carrageenan cause inflammation.. Carrageenan is used in food due to its potent chemical effects that improve the texture of food products, but carrageenan has no nutritional value. The same potent chemical effects that change the texture of processed foods can lead to harmful biological effects in human cells and in animals exposed to carrageenan.. Carrageenan has been used in thousands of biological experiments over several decades, because it predictably causes inflammation. Inflammation is well-known to be the basis for many human diseases and is associated with over 100 human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and arteriosclerosis, and inflammation is also linked to cancer.. Click here to view the rest of Dr. ...
Carrageenan is a polysaccharide that exists in the cell walls of marine red algae and is widely used in studies concerned with its antitumor and cytotoxic activities [10]. Previous findings show carrageenan as a potential antitumor agent [28-30]. Considering one of the hallmarks of cancer is uncontrolled proliferation, a consequence of the loss of normal cell-cycle control, there has been a. increasing interest in potential anticancer agents that affect the cell-cycles of cancer cells [31]. Thus, in this study we investigated how carrageenan affects tumor cell cycle.. In this study we demonstrated cytotoxic effects of carrageenan towards cell cycle of human cancer cells in HeLa expressing FUCCI probes [24]. Two types of carrageenan, kappa (k-CO) and lambda (λ-CO) carrageenan were used because sulfate contents vary in each type of carrageenan [32]. These sulfated moieties in saccharides are believed to play an important role in manifestation of beneficial bioactivity [33]. Thus cytotoxic ...
BioAssay record AID 408271 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema in sc dosed Albino rat assessed as inhibition of paw edema volume measured 4 hrs after carrageenan challenge.
Gigartina is one of the major species used in the extraction of carrageenan. Gigartina is wild harvested in various forms including Gigartina Skottsbergii off the coast of Argentina and Chile, Gigartina Stellata from the coast of France. Gigartina is a mixed weed type. Unlike in some weed types Gigartina has the various carrageenan types actually mixed up along the same polymer chain in a hybrid type of polymer. Iridaea is another type of South American weed found off the coast of Chile. Both of these weed types contain mixtures of kappa, iota and lambda carrageenan. Hybrid weed species are often preferred in some dairy applications.. Eucheuma is a pacific specie and comes in two major commercial forms, Eucheuma Cottonii andEucheuma Spinosum. Unlike the other weed types the Eucheuma species are relatively pure in the carrageenan type they contain. Cottonii is predominantly kappa carrageenan and Spinosum is largely iota carrageenan.This allows greater flexibility in formulation because you are ...
BioAssay record AID 396572 submitted by ChEMBL: Antiinflammatory activity in Wistar rat assessed as inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema at 29.98 mg/kg, po administered 30 mins before carrageenan challenge measured 24 hrs after post drug dose.
When I first wrote about carrageenan on this site 10 years ago, I reported that some animal studies had linked degraded forms of carrageenan (the type not used in food) to ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. But around that time, a prominent researcher in the field, Joanne K. Tobacman, M.D., now associate professor of clinical medicine at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, conducted studies linking undegraded carrageenan - the type that is widely used in foods - with malignancies and other stomach problems. (Degraded and undegraded carrageenan differ by molecular weight with undegraded carrageenan having the higher weight ...
Development of a microbicide that prevents rectal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a vital component in reducing HIV spread. We recently demonstrated that a formulation of the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) MIV-150 in carrageenan reduced vaginal infection of macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239 with HIV-1_HXB2 reverse transcriptase (SHIV-RT). Herein, we performed the first testing of MIV-150-carrageenan against rectal infection. Rhesus macaques were treated rectally with MIV-150-carrageenan or methyl cellulose (MC) placebo gel up to 4 h prior to rectal challenge with 10^3 or 10^4 50% tissue culture infective doses (TCID_50) of SHIV-RT. Infection was assessed by measuring plasma virus RNA as well as T and B cell responses. MIV-150-carrageenan protected all animals challenged with 10^3 TCID_50 when gel was applied either 30 min or 4 h prior to challenge, while 100% of the MC-treated animals became infected (n = 4 each; P , 0.03). Partial ...
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of one synthetic product, N-(3-Florophenyl)ethylcaffeamide (abbrev. FECA), by using animal model of λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of FECA was determined by measuring the levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the edema paw tissue, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the liver. The results showed that FECA reduced the paw edema at three, four and five hours after λ-carrageenan administration. The levels of COX-2, NO, TNF-α, and MDA in the λ-carrageenan-induced edema paws were reduced and the activities of SOD, GPx, and GRd in liver tissues were raised by FECA. These results suggested that FECA possessed anti-inflammatory activities and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms might be related to the decrease of the levels of COX
A line of recently introduced carrageenans improves yield in meat applications, is freeze/thaw stable and controls syneresis. It is not uncommon to find carrageenan used as a stabilizer or thickener in many foods. Yet any ingredient statement that lists this hydrocolloid disguises the fact that it may be one variation among a large family of polysaccharides derived from red algae. Carrageenan is composed of repeating galactose units that are joined by alternating a1-3 and b1-4 glycosidic linkages. Three types of carrageenan are used as food . . .
0065] Various exemplary embodiments provide a process for making a mixture including the ion-exchanged carrageenan extract. Referring to FIG. 13, in an exemplary process 1, a carrageenan extract 10 (such as a traditionally or neutrally extracted iota or kappa carrageenan extract) may pass under pressure to a valve 20. Valve 20 may be any device capable of controllably splitting the flow from input passage 10 into two portions: a first extract portion 22, and a second extract portion 25. For example, valve 20 may be a distribution valve or other like device. The value 20 may direct the second extract portion 25 to and into an ion exchanger 30. In exemplary embodiments, the ion exchanger 30 houses an ion-exchange material, such as a sodium form acidic cation exchanger. The amount of the ion-exchange material, and the rate of fluid flow through the ion exchanger may determine the efficiency of the ion exchange process (i.e., the amount of ions exchanged). As the second extract portion 25 flows ...
Dr. Weil discusses several carrageenan side effects. Carrageenan is used to improve the texture of ice cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, & other processed foods.
Lambda Carrageenan is a natural polysaccharide present in some varieties of red algae, capable of forming colloidal dispersions or viscous gels in aqueo...
You might want to know is carrageenan a carcinogen or not since there are a lot of controversies surround this item, learn about the real answer here.
The Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI), is a quarterly and an editorially independent publication owned by Iran University of Medical Sciences and aims to be a publication of international repute for reporting current regional and international adventures in all aspects of the medicine. MJIRI welcomes contributions in this field in the form of original research articles, case reports, letter to the editor, review articles, brief communications, debate articles, and study protocols.
Syntheses of two deacetyl-thymosin β4 analogs and their anti-inflammatory effect on carrageenin-induced edema in the mouse paw. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
This year Im dressed up as the food additive, carrageenan, for Halloween. This unusual (and extremely nerdy food scientist) decision is my response to the rampant use of fear in food marketing and reformulations. Carrageenan Girl Have you recently been told to be afraid of a certain food additive? Related Posts: Food Additive Deep Dive…
Carrageenan food additive thicker. Causes GI problems, inflammation and cancer. IBS, IBD and stomach inflammation, problems and pain. Food products that are carrageenan free.
Chemcolloids are one of the UK largest suppliers of carrageenan for the food industry. Carrageenans are water soluble gums which are polysaccharides in nature and are extracted from certain species of red seaweed.
I see a lot of discussion about carrageenan. The polysaccharide carrageenan is the chemical that is processed out of Carrageen Seaweed known as Irish Moss. I am going to add an article for folks to read and maybe it will give both sides of the story so we can all make an educated decision for our health. ...
Fooding is a Carrageenan Gum(E407) Powder Manufacturers, Suppliers and Wholesalers in China. If you want to buy refined and semi Carrageenan with a good prices, please email Fooding Group Limited: [email protected]
Furcellaran is anionic partly sulphated polysaccharide which is classified together with carrageenan (E407).. The structure of furcellaran is similar to that of kappa carrageenan and has been described as a hybrid of kappa/beta carrageenans complex. The essential difference is that kappa carrageenan has one sulphate ester residue per two sugars, while furcellaran has one sulphate ester residue per three or four sugar residues.. Furcellaran is polysaccharide consisting of repeated disaccharide units of beta (R1 = R2 = H) and kappa carrageenan (R1 = SO3-, R2 = H). The structures of repeating disaccharide units of furcellaran and carrageenan are shown in figure 1.. ...
424-388 HydroLux 388 Carrageenan is a polysaccharide extracted from red seaweed. Classified as E407, the product is used as a thickener, stabilizer, gel...
Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary consequences.
Carrageenan is found in many gluten-free and dairy-free foods, despite the fact that it is the gold standard for causing inflammation in rats. Learn more
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , PhytoTechnology Laboratories \ CARRAGEENAN \ C257-1KG for more molecular products just contact us
Carrageenan is a red sea weed extract from carrageen algae such as Eucheuma or Gigartina. After harvest, the algae are dried, washed and purified th
We interviewed ingredient experts, food scientists and chemists to scrutinize 10 ingredients that have recently drawn ire in the natural space. Here we explore the question: Is carrageenan natural?
Carrageenan can improve product quality can be seen to improve the production rate; however, such as improper use, can not fully play its role.
Hi! Im hoping someone might be able to offer some advice. I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ever seen it in a store - online or in the real world? Googling has proven useless so Im assuming its just impossible but thought I would ask. Thanks! ...
Background Leukocytes containing opioid peptides locally control inflammatory pain. In the early phase of complete Freunds adjuvant (CFA)-induced hind paw inflammation, formyl peptides (derived e.g. from Mycobacterium butyricum) trigger the release of opioid peptides from neutrophils contributing to tonic basal antinociception. In the later phase we hypothesized that toll-like-receptor-(TLR)-4 activation of monocytes/macrophages triggers opioid peptide release and thereby stimulates peripheral opioid-dependent antinociception. Results In Wistar rats with CFA hind paw inflammation in the later inflammatory phase (48-96 h) systemic leukocyte depletion by cyclophosphamide (CTX) or locally injected naloxone (NLX) further decreased mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds. In vitro β-endorphin (β-END) content increased during human monocyte differentiation as well as in anti-inflammatory CD14+CD16- or non-classical M2 macrophages. Monocytes expressing TLR4 dose-dependently released β-END ...
Bumped into Carrageenan at a Greylight Projects opening, and after a conviluted attempt to explain heuristic network algorithms in French, the invitation was extended to traverse Létrangers studio threshold. Rather than play live Carrageenan chose to ruminate on a chance event, namely stumbling across a bunch of twee vinyl records abandoned on a Brussels street corner. Expect fuzz, pop, vinyl crackles and tambourines ahoy!. Bio: Carrageenan is a Parisian living in Brussels. He sets up a trestle table in the centre of his living room, loads it up with Casios and pedals, drinks (we imagine) a bucketload of pastis and then blasts this stuff out at neighbour-waking levels. Each of the five short tracks here is a splurge of electronic tonal and atonal dribble. It sputters and froths, a Satanic soothing, sitting at the pit of your stomach like battered gnocchi. Beautiful in the non-shallow way. - Golden Lab Records. FMA page : freemusicarchive.org/music/Carrageenan/ ...
Read it. Share it. And switch your kitties to a life of health today!. 19 April: Carrageenan: should it be in your cats food?. Does your canned cat food contain Carrageenan? Most do, yet studies have linked it to cancer, and there are hundreds of anecdotal stories of cats finding relief from multiple digestive system issues, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) when switched from carrageenan-containing products to carrageenan-free foods.. Whats this ingredient in my pets food?. Carrageenan: Just dont do it.. 19 April: Animal Medical Center (AMC) TO THE RESCUE. A new resource for pet rescues and adopters. If you are a 501(c)(3) rescue, you should apply for inclusion in this program; if you have an extra dollar or two, you should donate!. "This fund was established specifically to provide subsidized specialty care to animals currently cared for by rescue groups, whose health has become an obstacle to their adoption. 19 April: The Purdue Vaccination ...
EXTRACTION PROCESSES Specific details of extraction processes are closely guarded as trade secrets by the several manufacturers of carrageenans, but broadly these follow a similar pattern. Weed, usually dried and baled, is received at the processing location from the harvesting location. The shipment may be sampled and the sample subjected to a test extraction to evaluate the quality of the extractive. Other need quality factors such as contents of moisture, sand and salt, and non-carrageenophytes are evaluated at this stage. Obtaining a representative sample from a weed shipment is not a trivial exercise, as weed quality may vary widely not only from one shipment to the next but also within a shipment, due to factors over which the processor may have but limited control. Sampling protocols used generally represent what is feasible rather than what a statistician might regard as adequate. Prior to plant-scale extraction the weed may be washed to remove adhering salts, sand, stones, and marine ...
The upregulation of PGE2in CSF, documented at 9 through 30 h after the start of hip replacement surgery, is similar to findings in animal models of peripheral inflammation. In rats with unilateral hind paw inflammation, CSF PGE2increased beginning at 6 h and peaked at 12 h after injection of complete Freunds adjuvant.13 After intraarticular injections of kaolin and carrageenan in the rat knee, there was a pronounced intraspinal release of PGE2at 7 to 9 h after injection.7 In both animal models, the increase in PGE2was accompanied by an upregulation of spinal COX-2 protein. CSF IL-6 was increased at 3 h from the start of hip surgery and remained elevated at 24 h. This is similar to another hip replacement study in which a single CSF IL-6 level obtained on postoperative day 1 was increased.22 The increase in CSF IL-6 at 24 h in our study was 283 pg·ml-1, whereas in the latter study, the CSF IL-6 increase was approximately 150 pg·ml-1, both under spinal anesthesia. In that study, CSF IL-10 did ...
URB937 is a peripherally restricted inhibitor of the anandamide-deactivating enzyme fatty-acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Despite its limited access to the CNS, URB937 produces marked antinociceptive effects in rodents. URB937 is actively extruded from the CNS by the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) membrane transporter, Abcg2. Tissue Abcg2 levels are markedly different between males and females, and this transporter is known to limit the access of xenobiotics to the fetoplacental unit in gestating female rodents. In the present study, we investigated the tissue distribution and antinociceptive properties of URB937 in female mice and rats.We studied the systemic disposition of URB937 in female mice and the antinociceptive effects of this compound in models of visceral (acetic acid-induced writhing) and inflammatory nociception (carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia) in female mice and rats. Furthermore, we evaluated the interaction of URB937 with the blood-placenta barrier in gestating mice and rats.Abcg2 ...
Ethyl pyruvate (EP) possesses anti-inflammatory activity. However, the potential anti-nociceptive value of EP for the treatment of the inflammatory nociception is largely unknown. We investigated whet
The subcutaneous air pouch is an in vivo model that can be used to study the components of acute and chronic inflammation, the resolution of the inflammatory response, the oxidative stress response, and potential therapeutic targets for treating inflammation
E No. : E407. E No. : E407. HS Code : 1302391100. CAS No. : 9000-07-1. FOODCHEM No. : K519. Qty in 20 FC : 16000.00 KGS. Min. Order : 500.00 KGS. Packaging : 25 KG/BAG. QC : ISO,Halal,Kosher. Payment Terms : L/C,D/A,D/P,T/T,O/A. Delivery Time : 2-3. ...
E No. : E407. E No. : E407. HS Code : 1302391100. CAS No. : 9000-07-1. FOODCHEM No. : K508. Qty in 20 FC : 16000.00 KGS. Min. Order : 500.00 KGS. Packaging : 25 KG/BAG. Payment Terms : L/C,D/A,D/P,T/T,O/A. Delivery Time : 2-3. ...
If you have never heard about carrageenan, then that is normal because not everyone likes to pay attention to the solutions which are included in their food products. But once you do a research about carrageenan, you would find out that just about every food product nowadays contains this fiber.. Understanding the Common Use […]. ...
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Antiviral agentsAntiviral agents: In animal models, carrageenan blocks cell trafficking of macrophages (thought to prevent HIV transmission) from the vagina and offers protection against herpes simplex virus-2 (23; 11; 8; 9). Also, carrageenan-based gels are hypothesized to reduce HIV transmission during sexual intercourse and have been investigated for safety and acceptability in published studies involving healthy females (20; 13; 14; 24 ...
Sea moss diet - Health Concerns Of Irish Moss and Carrageenan Addressed. The idea behind a colon cleanse process is to eliminate the toxins which have built up in your digestive system..
Wakibia, J.G., Bolton, J.J., Keats, D.W. & Raitt, L.M. (2006). Seasonal changes in carrageenan yield and gel properties in three commercial eucheumoids grown in southern Kenya. Botanica Marina 49: 208-215.. ...
In this article I review the association between exposure to carrageenan and the occurrence of colonic ulcerations and gastrointestinal neoplasms in animal models. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1982 identified sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of degraded carrageenan in animals to regard it as posing a carcinogenic risk to humans, carrageenan is still used widely as a thickener, stabilizer, and texturizer in a variety of processed foods prevalent in the Western diet. I reviewed experimental data pertaining to carrageenans effects with particular attention to the occurrence of ulcerations and neoplasms in association with exposure to carrageenan. In addition, I reviewed from established sources mechanisms for production of degraded carrageenan from undegraded or native carrageenan and data with regard to carrageenan intake. Review of these data demonstrated that exposure to undegraded as well as to degraded carrageenan was associated with the occurrence of ...
Inflammation and ulceration. Review study: Tobacman, J. (2001) Review of harmful gastrointestinal effects of carrageenan in animal experiments. Environmental Health Perspectives 109(10): 983-994.. Cell studies published after the Environmental Health Perspectives review: Borthakur, A., Bhattacharyya, S., et al. (2007) Carrageenan induces interleukin-8 production through distinct Bcl10 pathway in normal human colonic epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 292(3): G829-38.. Bhattacharyya, S., Dudeja, P.K. et al. (2008) Carrageenan-induced NFkappaB activation depends on distinct pathways mediated by reactive oxygen species and Hsp27 or by Bcl10. Biochimica and Biophysica Acta 1780(7-8): 973-82.. Bhattacharyya, S., Borthakur, A. et al. (2010) B-call CLL/lymphoma 10 (BCL10) is required for NF-kappaB production by both canonical and noncanonical pathways and for NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285: ...
High Quality Food Additive Carrageenan (CAS: 11114-20-8) (C24H36O25S2) picture from Hugestone Enterprise Co., Ltd. view photo of Carrageenan, Carrageenin, Carrageen.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Xanthii Fructus (XF) is the ripe fruits of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. (Compositae). In Sheng Nongs herbal classic (a book published 2,000 years ago), XF was first documented to be able to smooth nasal orifices (通鼻窍) and eliminate wind-dampness (祛风湿), and to be toxic. It is commonly used in managing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms that would today be diagnosed as cold, sinusitis and arthritis [1]. To reduce the toxicity and enhance the efficacy, XF is usually processed by stir-baking (炒). In the Chinese pharmacopoeia, more than ten Chinese proprietary drugs contain XF or stir-baked XF (SBXF). Chemical analyses revealed that XF contains water-soluble glycosides, sesquiterpene lactones and phenolic acids [2]. Pharmacological studies showed that XF has various bioactivities including anti-oxidant [3], anti-bacterial [4] and anti-inflammatory [5] properties. In a carrageenan-induced hind paw edema rat model, XF was shown to have anti-inflammatory effect as demonstrated by ...
This double blind placebo controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a carrageenan nasal spray for the treatment of adult patients with common cold symptoms. This study confirms the results of earlier studies in adults and children. For patients compliant to the protocol and positive for a cold virus infection, a reduction of disease duration of 2.1 days was observed. The results therefore confirm that the local antiviral effectiveness of carrageenan leads to a significant clinical benefit. A pronounced trend was also observed in the ITT-VP population although differences did not reach the level of statistical significance. The main difference between the ITT-VP and PP-VP populations is the use of concomitant medication during the study. Patients were excluded from the PP analysis due to insufficient use of study medication when a reduction of dosage of more than 20% corresponding to 1.5 days of treatment was documented. Thus it can be concluded that tested dosage of 3 times per day is ...
Chitosan, carrageenan and alginate are among the most abundant biopolymers in nature. They were prepared in uniform beads shape with a diameter of 2 mm ± 10%, using the encapsulator for removal of calcium, magnesium and iron cations from hard water. Solutions of 100-500 mg/L were prepared from each cation, and the detection of cations was carried out using atomic absorption spectrometer. Carrageenan and chitosan were able to chelate the three cations without further modification. However, alginate beads succeeded to chelate iron and magnesium and failed to chelate any calcium ions; in contrast, it increased the initial calcium concentration! That could be due to the pre-cross-linking of alginate beads using calcium chloride solution, which may be leaked back to the solution. However, grafting the alginate beads with polyethyleneimine and bromoacetic acid rectified this problem and the new functional group, -COOH, has been proved using the FT-IR. Optimization of the results in terms of beads ...
Hi everyone. Thanks so much for your feedback! So many extremely helpful links! Apparently there are plenty foods without carrageenan - but still hard to find brands without mixing proteins, etc. We are in the stage of trying to figure out what Maxwell is allergic to so its important to have a limited ingredient wet food. Right now he is on a venison wet food from WellBalance (or something close to that brand name). It does have carrageenan at the end of the list though. Our vet is telling us not to worry about that right now and keep him on the same food for six weeks so we can determine if he will be ok with vennison. (apparently it takes 6 weeks for the old protein to leave his body).. I was impressed with the ingredients of the Instinct line of Natures Valley (i believe was the brand name - geesh - Ive looked at so many). They also have a clay ingredient that cats eat naturally (in the wild) to heal themselves. Unfortunately they mix proteins so Im not sure we can try it right now.. I ...
Background and objectives: Otostegia persica (Labiatae) is an endemic plant of Iran and is used for its anti-inflammatory properties in folk medicine of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of O. Persica different fractions and identification of the natural compounds from the most active fraction. Methods: Total extract of O. Persica was fractionated with petroleum ether (PE), chloroform (CL), ethyl acetate (EA), n-butanol (BU) and methanol (ME). The analgesic activities of different fractions were determined by formalin test. Then, activity of effective fractions was investigated on carrageenan-induced paw edema assay. Finally, the compounds of effective fraction were isolated and their structures were elucidated. Results: Anti-nociceptive activity of EA and BU fractions (100 mg/kg) and ME fraction (100 and 200 mg/kg) demonstrated significant difference with normal saline during the second phase of the
Arrowhead Research Corporation, a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, has presented additional preclinical data suggesting that ARC-F12, an RNAi therapeutic that inhibits the production of Factor XII (F12), has the potential to treat HAE and to prevent thrombosis. Data presented in a poster at the 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting (AAAAI), show that ARC-F12 had the desired effects of significantly reduced swelling in a rat model of edema and inhibition of blood clot formation in a mouse model of thrombosis, without the undesired effect of increased bleeding risk.. In a carrageenan-induced paw edema model in rats, treatment with ARC-F12 seven days prior to carrageenan challenge led to a significant reduction in edema (p , 0.001). The reduction in swelling in ARC-F12 treated rats is similar to that seen in rats treated with a kallikrein-targeted antibody. This supports Arrowheads position that F12 inhibition could be an attractive ...
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Stahlianthus involucratus (Zingiberaceae) has long been used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation, pain, and fever. However, no pharmacological study of this plant has been reported to confirm these activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of Stahlianthus involucratus rhizome ethanol extract (SiE) in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS Anti-inflammatory activity of SiE was investigated in rats using ethyl phenylpropiolate (EPP)-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced hind paw edema, and cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation models. Acetic acid-induced writhing response in mice and tail-flick test in rats as well as yeast-induced hyperthermia in rats were used to investigate the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities, respectively. RESULTS SiE significantly inhibited EPP-induced ear edema, carrageenan- and AA-induced hind paw edema. Its inhibitory
Ilse Van De Wiele. Carrageenan. Carrageenan is a sulfated polysaccharide food additive derived from red seaweed and commonly used in processed foods. In its degraded form, however, it has been shown to be dangerous to human health, and is implicated in cancer. In the U.S.-chaired Working Group meeting that week, NHF also strongly argued for the elimination of carrageenan and received an open-minded reception from the WG chairman as well as others; but, in the end, we were referred to the Food Additives Committee since the CCFFP takes its direction on carrageenan from that Committee. NHF intends to address this issue there. Other Issues The "hot topic" issue at the meeting, however, was not aluminum but rather scallops and the development of a Code of Practice for scallop products. Much debated by the delegates, this agenda item consumed an appreciable portion of the Committees time and energy.. Biotoxin assays were equally at play here, and the United States delegation led the way for a ...
In this study, hydrogels composed of natural polymer and its proper cross-linkers were prepared, and the physical properties of the hydrogels such as hardness, elasticity, stickiness and swelling were compared.. Hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel increased as concentration of κ-carrageenan increased (Table 1). Addition of K+ into κ-carrageenan by adding 0.2% KCl increased the hardness of the hydrogel, but addition of 1% alginate did not increase the hardness of κ-carrageenan hydrogel (Table 1). Hydrogel was not formed by CMC itself (Table 1). However, CMC was cross-linked with cationic ions such as Na+, Ca2+, and Al3+ (Table 1). Especially, addition of 0.2% DAA+TTA for generating Al3+ into CMC constructed CMC hydrogels that had higher hardness than other cross-linkers (Table 1). Agar hydrogels could be simply formed by heat treatment, and the hardness of gels increased by adding CMC 3%+2% (DAA+TTA) (Table 1). Although hydrogels exhibit high hardness, if the elasticity of the hydrogels are ...
Personal lubricant thats water-based and contains no silicone. This lube is made with carrageenan and other natural ingredients, providing relief from vaginal dryness and helping you enjoy great sex.
... be of great importance for many long-term pain-associated disorders. IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia. Just lately we exhibited that IL-1β- and carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia is certainly significantly long term in LysM-GRK2+/? mice which may have reduced degrees of G-protein-coupled radio kinase a couple of (GRK2) in LysM+ myeloid cells. In this article we demonstrate that adoptive transfer of wild-type although not of GRK2+/? bone marrow-derived monocytes normalizes ARL-15896 the image resolution of IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats. Adoptive copy of IL-10? /? cuboid marrow-derived monocytes failed to stabilize the life long IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? mice. We all show that GRK2+/ mechanistically? macrophages develop less IL-10 in vitro. In addition intrathecal IL-10 treatment attenuated IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia in LysM-GRK2+/? rats whereas zero ...
If the lubricant inevitably dries out, it could leave guiding a residue derived from another substances while in the formulation. This will demand reapplication throughout sexual intercourse, and/or removal with the residue with water. Some newer water-based lubricants are formulated with purely natural skin moisturizers, which include carrageenan, and could not leave a sticky residue immediately after evaporation. Carrageenan has also been proven being a potent inhibitor of human papillomavirus infection.[1] Carraguard, an aqueous gel that contains carrageenan made like a microbicide, has actually been revealed in some preliminary reports to inhibit HIV transmission, although effects happen to be combined. Researchers are screening whether anti-retroviral check it out lubricants or gels can be applied to assist during the avoidance of transmission of HIV.[two ...
A series of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivatives (MB1-MB5) were synthesized by mannich reaction. The purity of synthesized compounds were determined by melting point and TLC and their structure was established by various analytical techniques such as IR and 1HNMR spectral studies. The newly synthesized compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activities on carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats. Compounds MB1 and MB5 showed a significant anti-inflammatory activity when compared with standard drug indomethacin. The other compounds showed promising anti-inflammatory activity.
The present study was designed to clarify whether the recently detected IKKε is involved in inflammatory nociception and, if yes, whether this process is mediated by modulation of NF-κB activity. We showed that IKKε mRNA and protein are expressed in DRG and spinal cord and are upregulated during paw inflammation. Neurons and glia apparently contribute to this adaptation because we observed an upregulation of IKKε protein in primary cultured neurons, astrocytes, and microglia upon inflammatory stimulation. IKKε-deficient mice show attenuated nociceptive behavior in inflammatory models. This effect could be mimicked pharmacologically in C57BL/6 mice by treatment with the IKKε inhibitor BX795. From these results, we inferred that IKKε at basal levels is involved in early inflammatory nociception, as shown in the formalin test, whereas its upregulation contributes to the sensitization of the nervous system during inflammation and the manifestation of hyperalgesia, as observed in the late ...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is a ligand activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear hormone receptors and suggested to be involved in inflammation and pain control. Little is known about its role at CNS level. We report that spinal and dorsal root ganglia PPAR-alpha expression is modulated by a peripheral inflammatory or a painful stimulus, and central administration of endogenous or synthetic PPAR-alpha agonists reduces both pain perception and inflammatory hyperalgesia in mice. Under inflammatory pain state, central PPAR-alpha activation modulates NF-kB nuclear signalling along sciatic nerve, dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord. Moreover, we evidence that PPAR-alpha receptor may physically reduce NF-kB activation during the early phase of pain signalling. In vivo co-immunoprecipitation experiments reveal a physical interaction between PPAR-alpha and NF-kB complex subunits. This interaction was strongly and rapidly increased in lumbar spinal cord of ...
My next recipe was a Chocolate chantilly, foam, desert...it was a chocolate mousse/gel desert and then broken in too two other properties. The first was a mixture of water, sugar, heavy cream, melted chocolate, instant coffee and carrageenan. You heat all the ingredients to a minimum of 80 degrees Celsius (or 176 degrees Fahrenheit); then place in molds and chill. This first form is the desert portion...carrageenan causes the finished product to be silky smooth in a gel form. The second form was to but the gel into a blender and make a liquid gel...finally the final form was to place the liquid gel and charge it with nitrogen. You can then create the foam...the finished product is pictured below ...
Once a site has been chosen, a trial is made using the chosen species. A few lines are set out at each of several different parts of the site, small pieces of the seaweed are attached and their growth rate is monitored weekly. If after 2-3 months the daily growth rate is 3-5 percent, the site is probably suitable and a small farm can be established. Because of the larger capital outlay required for large installations, before venturing into large farms it is advisable to monitor conditions for a full year so that the effects of all weather and other ecological factors are known. Small family farms have been the most successful, partly because there is more incentive to provide the necessary care and maintenance to the farm they own rather than one owned by an employer.. Various problems can arise. Grazing fish can damage the crop. Siganids (rabbitfish) and puffers are common pests. Siganids are the most destructive, especially if the plants are all small: the entire crop can be devoured and even ...
The entire contents of this website are based upon the opinions of Yasmina Ykelenstam, unless otherwise noted. Individual articles are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience of Yasmina Ykelenstam and her community. Yasmina Ykelenstam encourages you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional.The content of this website and any provided materials, research, or communications are for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have ...
Made with sea water, fine sea salt and carrageenan extract, this spray smells like summer in a bottle - a fresh, salty scent reminiscent of being on the beach, by the sea. It also contains neroli, grapefruit and rosewood oils, which add that slightly zesty smell to it, so that its not as savoury as you would expect. Lush have included carrageenan, a seaweed extract, together with glycerine to hydrate the hair. So despite the addition of salt, which can be rather drying if not used correctly, this sea spray will keep your hair soft and manageable. Its a beautiful light and uplifting summery fragrance - one that can be enjoyed by females and males. It shares its scent with Happy Happy Joy Joy, which I was really happy about as I didnt have a lot of luck with that conditioner, despite enjoying its fragrance. ...
Were all familiar with almond milk, right? Its readily available at just about any grocery store now, with plenty of different brands selling it. Heres the deal, though. Store-bought almond milk (and all non-dairy milks) have a pile of unnecessary additives you dont want in your body. In particular, we should avoid carrageenan, which is commonly used in many non-dairy products (and sometimes in dairy items like sour cream) as a thickening agent. It can cause gastrointestinal issues in humans, especially those with disorders such as IBS. I know it bothers my stomach - it might be fine for you, and I dont want to tell you what to do. If you find, however, that your stomach is often upset after consuming an item with carrageenan in it, I suggest giving it a break for a while and seeing if your symptoms improve ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
You get it from marine algae (seaweed) - just like agar. Bob Friedel wrote in message ,7c3oin$mi0 at netaxs.com,... ,Carrageenan is a gum/thickening agent used in foods and pharmaceuticals. , ,Robert R. Friedel ,Quality Assurance Manager ,Laboratory Research & Analysis Groups ,Perritt Laboratories, Inc. ,rfriedel at perrittlab.com , ,Steve Newport wrote in message ,36e11928.10417610 at news.pavilion.net,... ,,Can anybody tell me what these are and where they come from ? , , ...
First in-human clinical trial of griffithsin, a naturally occurring anti-HIV protein, which limits risk of cross-resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) products. NEW YORK, NY-The Population Council today announced the enrollment of the first participant in the Phase I clinical trial evaluating PC-6500 (griffithsin in a carrageenan gel), an investigational multipurpose technology to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), two major threats to sexual health around the world. This is the first in-human study of griffithsin (GRFT), a naturally occurring algae protein that inhibits HIV and other pathogens, including Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2). "Multipurpose products that prevent sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, must be a research and development priority," said James Sailer, vice president and executive director of the Center for Biomedical Research at the Population Council. "We are excited to be enrolling participants in the first trial of a griffithsin-containing ...
Here is where I dont know from the many articles of evidence that I have read whether it is better or worse for those with autoimmune. Over-consumption may , and I say may, in some people make them more susceptible to viruses and bacterial infections, not to mention bacterial overgrowth. The cost of another stabilizer to keep things from separating might be a better idea. The milk industry is now trying to talk the FDA into letting them put Carrageenan in milk without listing it. This will inappropriately stop peoples allergy to the antigens in milk by weakening peoples immune system. I am thinking it could also cause us to have more severe reactions to lactose as it allows us to eat more lactose than we can adequately process and may bring up the acidity of the blood. Im sure the doctors will not complain about this. I dont think we were meant to eat red seaweed myself ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
By: Nikki Jencen nikkijencen.com Now a days we all have to be savvy food labeling detectives. If you dont know what youre doing, you could be harming yourself. One ingredient that has been researched for over 10+ years is carrageenan. What is that you ask? Its a food additive that derives from red seaweed- sounds harmless right? […]. ...
Food scientists have developed a way to help stop the spread of HIV-suppositories made with carrageenan, an additive derived from seaweed.
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
CREAM, WATER, SUGAR, CORN SYRUP, NONFAT MILK, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF: NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR, MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES, CARRAGEENAN, PROPELLANT: NITROUS OXIDE ...
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Study. U251 cells (56106) were injected into the right hind flank subcutaneously. When the tumors reached a volume of ,150 mm3 they were randomized into one of
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Petasites formosanus Kitamura extract. AU - Lin, Shyr Yi. AU - Teng, Hsueh Lian. AU - Tseng, Sung Hui. AU - Chen, Lih Geeng. AU - Wang, Ching Chiung. PY - 2012/10. Y1 - 2012/10. N2 - Petasites formosanus Kitamura (Compositae) is native to Taiwan and is used in folk medicine to treat hypertension and asthma. Aqueous methanolic (50%) extracts of leaves of P. formosanus (Leaves-MeOH extract) showed the strongest inhibitory effect against NO production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells with an IC50 of 22.85 μg/mL. In an in vivo assay, 200 mg/kg of the extract also significantly decreased the acetic acid-induced writhing response, increased the hot-plate latency, and significantly suppressed carrageenan-induced paw edema. The principle anti-inflammatory constituents of the leaf extract were isolated by column chromatography combined with bioassay-guided fractionation, and 4 compounds, isopetasin, S-isopetasin, ...
Participants (n = 20) ranged from 19-44 years old; 52% were black or African American. Among those completing the trial (13/17, PC-1005; 3/3, placebo), 11/17 reported liking the gel overall; 7 recommended reducing the volume. Adverse events, which were primarily mild and/or unrelated, were comparable between groups. Low systemic MIV-150 levels were observed, without accumulation. Plasma zinc levels were unchanged from baseline. Seven of seven CVLs collected 4-hour postdose demonstrated antiviral (HIV, human papillomavirus) activity. High baseline CVL anti-herpes-simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) activity precluded assessment of postdose activity.. CONCLUSIONS ...
Chemoprevention represents a technique made to protect cells or cells against various carcinogens and carcinogenic metabolites produced from exogenous or endogenous resources. mainly because promising applicants in the chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive strategies. and L. The anti-inflammatory aftereffect of OA was reported in 1969, when Gupta and coworkers demonstrated its inhibitory impact in carrageenan-induced rat paw edema and formaldehyde-induced joint disease (Gupta (2011) possess recently found that OA inhibited the proliferation of human being glioblastoma cells via inhibition of sign transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3). From anti-tumorigenic and anti-inflammatory activity broadly referred to in the books Aside, OA offers documented hepatoprotective properties. In animal versions, it shields against selection of hepatotoxicants, for instance carbon tetrachloride, cadmium and bromobenzene (sources in: Liu and triggered significant inhibition of endothelial cell ...
In this study we evaluated the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the methanol extract of stem bark of Diospyros cordifolia (MEDC) Roxb. The analgesic effects of the stem bark of the plant was assessed in mice using the tail-flick method while carrageenan, histamine and dextran induced paw oedema was used to study the antiinflammatory effects in rats. The MEDC exhibited significant (p 0.01) analgesic effects comparable to the reference drug diclofenac sodium. MEDC also was evaluated for its anti-inflammatory potential against carrageenan, histamine and dextran induced rat paw edema. The methanol extract (25 and 50 mg / kg body weight) exhibited significant (p < 0.01) activity against all phlogistic agents used in a dose dependent manner. All these effects were compared with reference drug phenylbutazone (100 mg/kg body weight ...
PS: Ive been having problems finding commercial cream without carrageenan (a thickener that HATES me), until I went through all the cream labels at shopwells site. I finally found Organic Valleys regular pasteurized didnt have carrageenan (but beware that their ULTRA pasteurized cream does have carrageenan). I had to special request it through my nearest health food store (I used Organic Valleys zip finder to see which local vendors carried their product). Ill probably bulk order and freeze it - yes I know frozen cream wont whip, but at least I can enjoy cream soups and sauces again, YAY ...
PS: Ive been having problems finding commercial cream without carrageenan (a thickener that HATES me), until I went through all the cream labels at shopwells site. I finally found Organic Valleys regular pasteurized didnt have carrageenan (but beware that their ULTRA pasteurized cream does have carrageenan). I had to special request it through my nearest health food store (I used Organic Valleys zip finder to see which local vendors carried their product). Ill probably bulk order and freeze it - yes I know frozen cream wont whip, but at least I can enjoy cream soups and sauces again, YAY ...
Egg yolk has been considered a promising source of antibodies. Our study was designed to compare six principal IgY extraction methods (water dilution, polyethylene glycol [PEG] precipitation, caprylic acid extraction, chloroform extraction, phenol extraction, and carrageenan extraction), and to assess their relative extraction efficiencies and the purity of the resulting antibodies. The results showed that the organic solvents (chloroform or phenol) minimised the lipid ratio in the egg yolk. The water dilution, PEG precipitation and caprylic acid extraction methods resulted in high yields, and antibodies purified with PEG and carrageenan exhibited high purity. Our results indicate that phenol extraction would be more suitable for preparing high concentrations of IgY for non-therapeutic usage, while the water dilution and carrageenan extraction methods would be more appropriate for use in the preparation of IgY for oral administration ...
Egg yolk has been considered a promising source of antibodies. Our study was designed to compare six principal IgY extraction methods (water dilution, polyethylene glycol [PEG] precipitation, caprylic acid extraction, chloroform extraction, phenol extraction, and carrageenan extraction), and to assess their relative extraction efficiencies and the purity of the resulting antibodies. The results showed that the organic solvents (chloroform or phenol) minimised the lipid ratio in the egg yolk. The water dilution, PEG precipitation and caprylic acid extraction methods resulted in high yields, and antibodies purified with PEG and carrageenan exhibited high purity. Our results indicate that phenol extraction would be more suitable for preparing high concentrations of IgY for non-therapeutic usage, while the water dilution and carrageenan extraction methods would be more appropriate for use in the preparation of IgY for oral administration ...
Flow Properties of Lambda Carrageenan in Aqueous Systems. By Andrea Rivera del Rio, Mariana Ramírez-Gilly and Alberto Tecante. Small amplitude oscillatory and steady shear measurements at 25°C were used to investigate the rheological behavior of λ‐carrageenan solutions at pH 7.0 ± 1.0 without and with added sodium counterion. The dynamic moduli, G′(ω) and G″(ω), show the typical behavior of macromolecular solutions in which the viscous character predominates. The steady shear flow exhibits a Newtonian zero‐shear viscosity (η0) region followed by a shear‐thinning zone. Viscosity data can be well described by the Carreau‐Yasuda model. Without added Na+, the intrinsic viscosity, [η], and the critical overlap concentration, C*, are 204 dL/g and 0.21%, respectively. With 20 mmol/dm3 Na+, [η] = 14.7 dL/g and C* = 0.38%. For concentrations below C*, the viscous character is more sensitive to the presence of added Na+, and the opposite occurs when the concentration exceeds C*. The ...
The results from this study show that injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee joint of the rat results in an acute arthritis which is characterized by secondary heat hyperalgesia, swelling of the knee joint and spontaneous pain. Microdialysis infusion of S-(+)-3-IBG or R-(−)-3-IBG through the dorsal horn of the spinal cord after inflammation of the knee joint reduced the amount of heat hyperalgesia and the spontaneous pain observed in a dose-dependent manner, but did not alter the amount of swelling of the knee joint when compared with rats treated with aCSF. Microdialysis infusion of either enantiomer for 1.5 h before the injection of kaolin and carrageenan (pretreatment) did not change the baseline responses to the noxious radiant heat stimulus. However, pretreatment with either enantiomer reduced the amount of swelling observed and blocked the development of secondary hyperalgesia and spontaneous pain normally observed after inflammation.. The antihyperalgesic effects of ...
While we hold strict standards for our community of family farms the story doesnt end there. We aim to deliver you the best product possible and that means processing it as minimally as possible. All of our fresh milk is pasteurized with a low-temp pasteurization (165*F for 15 seconds) and immediately cooled below 40*F. The whole milk is bottled with NO additives or vitamins but is bottled just as you expect it - as close to raw as possible. We even offer it without any homogenization (Cream Line milk). If you prefer skim milk, you will certainly enjoy our nonfat milk. Our Nonfat milk is not reconstituted, and with its naturally higher proteins (from grass fed cows) you will notice the richer, fuller taste of our nonfat milk. We use no stabilizers or thickeners in our Half & Half or Heavy Cream. In 2013 we took carrageenan out of our Egg Nog and Ice Cream. By mid-2016 we will no longer be using carrageenan in any of our products. All our products are processed without any added colors or ...
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The anti-inflammatory effect of the aqueous leaf extract of Coleus aromaticus was evaluated using the carrageenan induced rat paw edema. The extract a..
We attempted to identify the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions of the monoterpene p-cymene. Firstly, behavioural screening was carried out to verify the influence of p-cymene [25, 50, and 100 mg/kg intraperitoneal (i.p.)] on the central nervous system (CNS) activity. The antinociceptive activity of p-cymene was evaluated by the acetic acidinduced writhing response, formalin, and hot-plate test, respectively. The leukocyte migration induced by injection of carrageenan was used to assess the anti-inflammatory activity. p-Cymene showed depressant activity on CNS after 4 h of treatment and also a possible action on the autonomous nervous system (ANS), mainly at the dose of 100 mg/kg (i.p.). It was found that p-cymene (50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly (p , 0.05) reduced the writhing responses induced by acetic acid. p-Cymene also decreased the licking time in the first and second phase, respectively, of the formalin test. The results of the hot-plate test showed that all doses of ...
Not only is the body not able to digest carageenan, it has no nutritional value whatsoever. Even though its derived from a natural source, its destructive to the immune system. It triggers a negative immune response that causes inflammation. Research has linked carrageenan to a higher rate of colon cancer, along with gastrointestinal inflammation that can cause IBS, spastic colon, chronic diarrhea and inflammatory bowel disease.. While the type of food you decide to put into your body is a personal choice, being informed is the best way to make a decision that benefits your health. Soy milk has been a topic of controversy for years, but there is a significant amount of evidence that proves it can have harmful affects on the body.. Top Ten Reasons To Avoid Soy Milk. 1. Soybeans contain large quantities of natural toxins that affect estrogen levels. Drinking just two glasses of soy milk a day can significantly alter the hormones in a womans body, disrupting the menstrual cycle.. 2. Soybeans ...
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant, used for centuries as food and traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to develop, validate and biochemically characterize an isothiocyanate-enriched moringa seed extract (MSE), and to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of MSE-containing moringa isothiocyanate-1 (MIC-1) with a curcuminoid-enriched turmeric extract (CTE), and a material further enriched in its primary phytochemical, curcumin (curcumin-enriched material; CEM). MSE was prepared by incubating ground moringa seeds with water to allow myrosinase-catalyzed enzymatic formation of bioactive MIC-1, the predominant isothiocyanate in moringa seeds. Optimization of the extraction process yielded an extract of 38.9% MIC-1. Phytochemical analysis of MSE revealed the presence of acetylated isothiocyanates, phenolic glycosides unique to moringa, flavonoids, fats and fatty acids, proteins and carbohydrates. MSE showed a reduction in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema (33% at 500 mg/kg ...
In view of the folklore use of green leaves to treat inflammation, the anti-inflammatory property of chlorophylls and their degradation products were studied. Chlorophyll a and pheophytin a...
The effect of W. somnifera on glycosaminoglycan synthesis in the granulation tissue of carrageenin-induced air pouch granuloma was studied. W. somnifera was shown to exert significant inhibitory effect on incorporation of /sup 35/S into the granulation tissue. The uncoupling effect on oxidative phosphorylation (ADP/O ratio reduction) was also observed in the mitochondria of granulation tissue. Further, Mg/sup 2 +/ dependent ATPase activity was found to be influenced by W. somnifera. W. somnifera also reduced the succinate dehydrogenase enzyme activity in the mitochondria of granulation tissue. ...
We evaluated the effects of a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), ,I,d,/I,-2-[4-(3-methyl-2-thienyl)phenyl]propionic acid (M-5011), and indomethacin on the production of arachidonate metabolites and pro-inflammatory cytokines in male Sprague-Dawly rats with monosodium urate crystal (MSU)-induced pleurisy. Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6 in the pleural exudate were determined by biological assays, while prostaglandin E,SUB,2,/SUB, (PGE,SUB,2,/SUB,), leukotriene B,SUB,4,/SUB, (LTB,SUB,4,/SUB,) and cytokine-induced chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) levels were quantified by enzyme immunoassays. Orally administered M-5011 (5 mg/kg) decreased the pleural exudate volume at 3 and 4 hr after MSU injection. Indomethacin (10 mg/kg) decreased the volume at 3 - 5 hr. These drugs reduced the number of leukocytes in the pleural cavity at 6 hr. Both NSAIDs also reduced the content of PGE,SUB,2,/SUB, in the exudate without affecting LTB,SUB,4,/SUB, levels. Increased ...
Icedream (milkfat and nonfat milk, sugar, contains less than 1% of: natural and artificial flavor, mono & diglycerides, guar gum, carrageenan, Yellow 5 & 6), milkshake base (whole milk, sugar, cream, whey powder milk, nonfat dry milk, artificial flavor, disodium phosphate, mono and diglycerides, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, guar gum, cellulose gum, carrageenan), strawberries (water, sugar, corn syrup, modified food starch, salt, erythorbic acid, potassium sorbate as preservative, citric acid, and FD&C Red No. 40), whipped cream (cream, milk, sugar, sorbitol, nonfat milk solids, artificial flavor, mono and diglycerides, carrageenan, polysorbate 80, mixed tocopherols [vitamin E] to protect flavor, propellant: nitrous oxide), cherries, (high fructose corn syrup, water, potassium sorbate [a preservative], sodium benzoate [a preservative], citric acid, artificial flavor, FD&C Red #40, sulfur dioxide [a preservative ...
Carrageenans are water-soluble natural gums/ which occur in certain species of seaweeds. They are sulfated natural biopolymers made up of galactose units. The major varieties of seaweeds are available from South China Sea at Sabah are Caulerpa, Ulva, Sargassum, Eucheuma, Gracilaria, Gelidiella and Kappaphycus. The thermal extraction of i-carrageenan from seaweed does not give high yield and time consuming. Ultrasonic assisted extraction was proposed as an alternative method. The 20 kHz high intensity ultrasound was used in the extraction of i-Carrageenan from Eucheum denticulatum by using water as solvent. i-carrageenan yield increased from 50 to 57.2%. A simple mathematical correlation for the estimation of the solid-liquid mass transfer coefficient was derived in terms of operating conditions VIZ, amplitude, particle size and temperature for ultrasonic extraction of i-Carrageenan. The diffusion coefficient of i-Carrageenan in water was estimated from the mass transfer coefficient. Further more ...
Flavobacteriia are increasingly recognized as key players in the marine carbon cycle, due to their ability to efficiently recycle algal polysaccharides both in the open ocean and in coastal regions. The chemical complexity of algal polysaccharides, their differences between algal groups and variations through time and space, imply that marine flavobacteria must have evolved dedicated degradation mechanisms and regulation of their metabolism during interactions with algae. In the present study, we report the first transcriptome-wide gene expression analysis for an alga-associated flavobacterium during polysaccharide degradation. Zobellia galactanivorans DsijT, originally isolated from a red alga, was grown in minimal medium with either glucose (used as a reference monosaccharide) or one selected algal polysaccharide from brown (alginate, laminarin) or red algae (agar, porphyran, iota- or kappa- carrageenan) as sole carbon source. Expression profiles were determined using whole-genome microarrays.

Carrageenan - WikipediaCarrageenan - Wikipedia

Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. ... There are two basic grades of carrageenan: refined carrageenan (RC) and semi-refined carrageenan (SRC). In the United States ... gel refined carrageenan refined carrageenan The essential difference in the refining process is that the carrageenan is first ... In the European Union, refined carrageenan is designated by the E number E-407, and semi-refined carrageenan as E-407a. Refined ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrageenan

7. CARRAGEENAN7. CARRAGEENAN

7.1.1 Refined carrageenan and filtered carrageenan. Refined carrageenan is the original carrageenan and until the late 1970s- ... The carrageenan producer is pleased because about 0.5 percent carrageenan is added, much more than the 0.05-0.1 percent used in ... The carrageenan is therefore dispersed in the water after the brine salts are added; the carrageenan does not dissolve because ... 7. CARRAGEENAN. There are several carrageenans, differing in their chemical structure and properties, and therefore in their ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/3/y4765e/y4765e0a.htm

Ingredients -- CarrageenanIngredients -- Carrageenan

Carrageenan Chemical Formula: Synonyms. Seaweed extract Description. Carrageenan is a polysacharide with a backbone of the ... Carrageenan is widely used in dairy products because it forms complexes with calcium and milk proteins. It thickens and helps ...
more infohttps://scitoys.com/ingredients/carrageenan.html

CarrageenanCarrageenan

Cornucopias guide to avoiding carrageenan in your food. *If you cut carrageenan out of your diet and noticed improvements in ... The carrageenan trade lobby group fought back hard, and found allies in companies like Group Danone (Stonyfield), CROPP ( ... Experimenting with a carrageenan-free diet has already resolved uncomfortable conditions for many, so if you suffer from ... If you have eliminated carrageenan from your diet for at least two weeks in an effort to find relief from gastrointestinal ...
more infohttps://www.cornucopia.org/carrageenan/

Is Carrageenan Safe? | Care2 Healthy LivingIs Carrageenan Safe? | Care2 Healthy Living

Concerns about the food additive carrageenan and potential intestinal tract damage are placed in the context of dietary ... The latest suggests carrageenan consumption could possibly lead to a leaky gut by disrupting the integrity of the tight ... This moss is now the source of carrageenan, a fat substitute (perhaps most famously used in the failed McLean Deluxe) and a ... In 2008 I raised a concern about carrageenan. We had known for decades that it had harmful effects on laboratory animals, but ...
more infohttps://www.care2.com/greenliving/should-carrageenan-be-avoided.html

Carrageenan Advisory - Cornucopia InstituteCarrageenan Advisory - Cornucopia Institute

Many companies that use carrageenan in their food and personal care products vehemently defend its use. Its not unusual to see ... It has come to our attention that some of their old inventory containing carrageenan still exists in the market. Their ... Bronners current toothpaste production is carrageenan-free.. For more on toothpaste, read Cornucopias report, Behind the ... Tell The Honest Company and Toms of Maine: Stop the Lies about Carrageenan! ...
more infohttps://www.cornucopia.org/2016/09/carrageenan-advisory/

Carrageenan Skincare Ingredient - LOréal ParisCarrageenan Skincare Ingredient - L'Oréal Paris

Carrageenan are use as emulsifiers due to its water-binding properties. ... Explore Carrageenan, a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red seaweed. ... Carrageenan Skincare Benefits:. Product Stabilizer Carrageenan is a gelatin-like polysaccharide that is derived from red ... When applied, carrageenan is capable of enhancing the permeability and effectiveness of certain skincare formulations and ...
more infohttps://www.lorealparisusa.com/ingredient-library/carrageenan.aspx

CHAPTER 3 - PRODUCTION, PROPERTIES AND USES OF CARRAGEENANCHAPTER 3 - PRODUCTION, PROPERTIES AND USES OF CARRAGEENAN

All carrageenans have the ability to form gels by cooling a solution of the carrageenan in hot milk. Even lambda-carrageenan, ... Table 4 World market for refined and semi-refined carrageenan Carrageenan Market size 1982 Volume growth, % Compound volume ... Table 3 Typical water applications of carrageenan Use Function Carrageenan type Approx. use level, % ... Figure 4 Carrageenan extract capacity vs. sales. Speciality gums, such as carrageenans, are sold on the basis of their ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/docrep/X5822E/x5822e05.htm

Global Carrageenan Market Research Report 2017 - qyresearch2014Global Carrageenan Market Research Report 2017 - qyresearch2014

1 Carrageenan Market Overview. 2 Global Carrageenan Market Competition by Manufacturers. 3 Global Carrageenan Capacity, ... 6 Global Carrageenan Market Analysis by Application. 7 Global Carrageenan Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. 8 Carrageenan ... Global Carrageenan Market Research Report 2017. The Global Carrageenan Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional ... 4 Global Carrageenan Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2012-2017). 5 Global Carrageenan Production, ...
more infohttp://blog.goo.ne.jp/qyresearch2014/e/563708be0f3b53198972fb4e798a290f?fm=entry_awp

Carrageenan Archives - Rainbow GroceryCarrageenan Archives - Rainbow Grocery

Miscellaneous: Anti-inflammatory, Betulinic acid, Carrageenan, Dexamethasone, Ellagic acid, Nitric oxide (NO), Peru, ...
more infohttps://www.rainbow.coop/nutritional-library/miscellaneous/carrageenan/

The Health Dangers of CarrageenanThe Health Dangers of Carrageenan

The many dangers of carrageenan have yet to be studied, but some research indicates immune suppression, and colon and digestive ... The Dangers of Carrageenan. The most recent medical paper we have on carrageenans carcinogenicity suggests that carrageenan ... How to Avoid Carrageenan. One of the best ways you can avoid carrageenan is to avoid dairy-free milk products, this includes ... Nonetheless, carrageenan isnt free from health concerns. Isolated from seaweed, carrageenan is a polysaccharide compound that ...
more infohttps://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/health-dangers-of-carrageenan/

Cooking For Engineers :: View topic - CarrageenanCooking For Engineers :: View topic - Carrageenan

Just plain ol run of the mill work-a-day carrageenan. Maybe I should just start a carrageenan company, Id make a killing.. ... I am looking for food grade carrageenan but cant seem to find any vendor that sells it for non-commercial purposes. Has anyone ...
more infohttp://www.cookingforengineers.com/forums/viewtopic.php?p=5889

Carrageenan Extract | 
	
	
		Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics US
	Carrageenan Extract | Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics US

Your browsers Javascript functionality is turned off. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site.. ...
more infohttps://www.lushusa.com/ingredient-finder/ingredient?iid=10172

carrageenan | Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary | Paulas Choicecarrageenan | Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary | Paula's Choice

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
more infohttps://www.paulaschoice.com/ingredient-dictionary/plant-extracts/carrageenan.html

Patente US6387354 - Semi-refined carrageenan dentifrice binder - Google PatentesPatente US6387354 - Semi-refined carrageenan dentifrice binder - Google Patentes

Such a toothpaste binder may comprise, for example, semi-refined kappa carrageenan, semi-refined iota carrageenan, or a ... Examples of semi-refined carrageenan suitable for incorporation into a toothpaste binder are semi-refined kappa carrageenan and ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 30% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; and about 5% to about ... refined iota carrageenan; about 20% to about 25% semi-refined kappa and/or semi-refined iota carrageenan; about 10% to about 20 ...
more infohttp://www.google.es/patents/US6387354

Bar Soap Products Containing: CARRAGEENAN || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWGBar Soap Products Containing: CARRAGEENAN || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
more infohttp://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse.php?category=bar%20soap&ingred06=701131

Is carrageenan natural? | New Hope NetworkIs carrageenan natural? | New Hope Network

Here we explore the question: Is carrageenan natural? ... Is carrageenan natural?. Explore our complete list of Is it ... Whats carrageenan used for? Matakas estimates the food-grade carrageenan business to be worth roughly $1 billion globally. ... What is carrageenan?. Red seaweed extract. Homemade versions using Chondrus crispus, a.k.a. "Irish moss" were used for ... "Degraded" carrageenan, a.k.a. "poligeenan," is extracted by boiling it in much stronger acid "like battery acid" for long ...
more infohttp://www.newhope.com/ingredients-general/is-carrageenan-natural

Carrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta).  - PubMed - NCBICarrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). - PubMed - NCBI

Good quality solution-state 13C NMR spectra were recorded and interpreted for this carrageenan and for the carrageenans ... Carrageenan from the tetrasporic stage of Gigartina decipiens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta).. Falshaw R1, Furneaux RH. ... Aside from this small extra sulphate substitution, the structure is that of the idealised lambda-carrageenan. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8137359?dopt=Abstract

Changes in nociceptive reflex facilitation during carrageenan-induced arthritis.  - PubMed - NCBIChanges in nociceptive reflex facilitation during carrageenan-induced arthritis. - PubMed - NCBI

Changes in nociceptive reflex facilitation during carrageenan-induced arthritis.. Herrero JF1, Cervero F. ... Responses were studied in control and inflammatory conditions, using the carrageenan-induced mono-arthritis model. The results ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8738254?dopt=Abstract

gum carrageenan manufacturergum carrageenan manufacturer

... ,. Kosher Carrageenan , Carrageenan Food Products. A carrageenan blend designed for HTST processed ... Carrageenan, Carrageenan Manufacturers & Suppliers, Dealers. Find carrageenan at best price offered by carrageenan ... Carrageenan Manufacturers & Suppliers, China carrageenan .. carrageenan manufacturer/supplier, China carrageenan manufacturer ... Gum Carrageenan Manufacturer from Delhi. Carrageenans can control syneresis. Carrageenans can also be used as a binding agent ...
more infohttps://steunmijnclub.nl/2333_gum-carrageenan-manufacturer.html

Three-Dimensional Supermacroporous Carrageenan-Gelatin Cryogel Matrix for Tissue Engineering ApplicationsThree-Dimensional Supermacroporous Carrageenan-Gelatin Cryogel Matrix for Tissue Engineering Applications

... Archana Sharma,1 ... In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3- ... Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/478279/abs/

Carrageenans Dangers | Remember The MothersCarrageenan's Dangers | Remember The Mothers

Carrageenans Dangers. Carrageenan dangers have been making news for quite a time now. But what is carrrageenan? It is a ... Is Carrageenan safe? The unique chemical structure of carrageenan stimulates a natural immune response in the body, which ... The chemistry of carrageenan defines it as a hydrocolloid which is mainly made of sulphate esters of 3, 6-anhydrogalactose and ... Undegraded carrageenan has a high molecular weight which makes its absorption difficult and it passes through the body. ...
more infohttp://www.rememberthemothers.net/carrageenans-dangers/

Global Carrageenan Market- Trends and Forecasts 2017 - 2022Global Carrageenan Market- Trends and Forecasts 2017 - 2022

Carrageenan is a major ingredient in the food industry and is used for its gelling, thickening and stabilizing properties. It ... of Carrageenan that can be added to food. The major players in this industry are Marcel Carrageenan, Seatech Carrageenan ... iota Carrageenan (two Sulphates) and Lambda Carrageenan (three Sulphates). The global Carrageenan industry was worth 762.35 ... The Carrageenan market has witnessed a CAGR of 5.2% in the last 3 years and is expected to grow consistently. Carrageenan is an ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/4386445/global-carrageenan-market-trends-and-forecasts

Removing Carrageenan From Organic Foods - Greener ChoicesRemoving Carrageenan From Organic Foods - Greener Choices

... shows that consuming foods with carrageenan can expose consumers to degraded carrageenan (carrageenan with a lower molecular ... What is carrageenan?. Carrageenan is a widely used food additive that is obtained from certain types of red seaweed. It has no ... Carrageenan. Based on our review of the scientific literature on carrageenan, we dont think it should be allowed in foods with ... Why should carrageenan not be allowed in organic foods?. Carrageenan is derived from seaweed, which is not produced in ...
more infohttps://greenerchoices.org/2016/10/18/removing-carrageenan-organic/

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