Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
An order of flagellate protozoa. Characteristics include the presence of one or two flagella arising from a depression in the cell body and a single mitochondrion that extends the length of the body.
Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.
Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A genus of mussels in the family Dreissenidae, class BIVALVIA. They are found in both fresh and brackish water and are not native to North America. Accidentally introduced into the Great Lakes in 1986, they now proliferate widely throughout the United States.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.
The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.

Subunit dissociation in fish hemoglobins. (1/702)

The tetramer-dimer dissociation equilibria (K 4,2) of several fish hemoglobins have been examined by sedimentation velocity measurements with a scanner-computer system for the ultracentrifuge and by flash photolysis measurements using rapid kinetic methods. Samples studied in detail included hemoglobins from a marine teleost, Brevoortia tyrannus (common name, menhaden); a fresh water teleost, Cyprinus carpio, (common name, carp); and an elasmobranch Prionace glauca (common name, blue shark). For all three species in the CO form at pH 7, in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, sedimentation coefficients of 4.3 S (typical of tetrameric hemoglobin) are observed in the micromolar concentration range. In contrast, mammalian hemoglobins dissociate appreciably to dimers under these conditions. The inability to detect dissociation in three fish hemoglobins at the lowest concentrations examined indicates that K 4,2 must have a value of 10(-8) M or less. In flash photolysis experiments on very dilute solutions in long path length cells, two kinetic components were detected with their proportions varying as expected for an equilibrium between tetramers (the slower component) and dimers (the faster component); values of K 4,2 for the three fish hemoglobins in the range 10(-9) to 10(-8) M were calculated from these data. Thus, the values of K 4,2 for liganded forms of the fish hemoglobins appear to be midway between the value for liganded human hemoglobin (K 4,2 approximately 10(-6) M) and unliganded human hemoglobin (K 4,2 approximately 10(-12) M). This conclusion is supported by measurements on solutions containing guanidine hydrochloride to enhance the degree of dissociation. All three fish hemoglobins are appreciably dissociated at guanidine concentrations of about 0.8 M, which is roughly midway between the guanidine concentrations needed to cause comparable dissociation of liganded human hemoglobin (about 0.4 M) and unliganded human hemoglobin (about 1.6 M). Kinetic measurements on solutions containing guanidine hydrochloride indicated that there are changes in both the absolute rates and the proportions of the fast and slow components, which along with other factors complicated the analysis of the data in terms of dissociation constants. Measurements were also made in solutions containing urea to promote dissociation, but with this agent very high concentrations (about 6 M) were required to give measureable dissociation and the fish hemoglobins were unstable under these conditions, with appreciable loss of absorbance spectra in both the sedimentation and kinetic experiments.  (+info)

Fish swimbladder: an excellent mesodermal inductor in primary embryonic induction. (2/702)

Swimbladder of the crucian carp, Carassius auratus, was found to be better as a vegatalizing tissue than other tissues, such as guinea-pig bone marrow, when presumptive ectoderm of Triturus gastrulae was used as reacting tissue. Swimbladder usually induced assemblies of highly organized mesodermal tissues, such as notochord, somites and pronephric tubules, some of which were covered by mesodermal epithelium without any epidermal covering. A special character of the effect of swimbladder was the rather frequent induction of solid balls of undifferentiated cells, which were identified as mesodermal or mesodermal and probably endodermal. These findings show that swimbladder has a strong and fast spreading vegetalizing effect on the responding presumptive ectoderm.  (+info)

Sequence differences between alpha1C and alpha1S Ca2+ channel subunits reveal structural determinants of a guarded and modulated benzothiazepine receptor. (3/702)

The molecular basis of the Ca2+ channel block by (+)-cis-diltiazem was studied in class A/L-type chimeras and mutant alpha1C-a Ca2+ channels. Chimeras consisted of either rabbit heart (alpha1C-a) or carp skeletal muscle (alpha1S) sequence in transmembrane segments IIIS6, IVS6, and adjacent S5-S6 linkers. Only chimeras containing sequences from alpha1C-a were efficiently blocked by (+)-cis-diltiazem, whereas the phenylalkylamine (-)-gallopamil efficiently blocked both constructs. Carp skeletal muscle and rabbit heart Ca2+ channel alpha1 subunits differ with respect to two nonconserved amino acids in segments IVS6. Transfer of a single leucine (Leu1383, located at the extracellular mouth of the pore) from IVS6 alpha1C-a to IVS6 of alpha1S significantly increased the (+)-cis-diltiazem sensitivity of the corresponding mutant L1383I. An analysis of the role of the two heterologous amino acids in a L-type alpha1 subunit revealed that corresponding amino acids in position 1487 (outer channel mouth) determine recovery of resting Ca2+ channels from block by (+)-cis-diltiazem. The second heterologous amino acid in position 1504 of segment IVS6 (inner channel mouth) was identified as crucial inactivation determinant of L-type Ca2+ channels. This residue simultaneously modulates drug binding during membrane depolarization. Our study provides the first evidence for a guarded and modulated benzothiazepine receptor on L-type channels.  (+info)

Injury-induced gelatinase and thrombin-like activities in regenerating and nonregenerating nervous systems. (4/702)

It is now widely accepted that injured nerves, like any other injured tissue, need assistance from their extracellular milieu in order to heal. We compared the postinjury activities of thrombin and gelatinases, two types of proteolytic activities known to be critically involved in tissue healing, in nonregenerative (rat optic nerve) and regenerative (fish optic nerve and rat sciatic nerve) neural tissue. Unlike gelatinases, whose induction pattern was comparable in all three nerves, thrombin-like activity differed clearly between regenerating and nonregenerating nervous systems. Postinjury levels of this latter activity seem to dictate whether it will display beneficial or detrimental effects on the capacity of the tissue for repair. The results of this study further highlight the fact that tissue repair and nerve regeneration are closely linked and that substances that are not unique to the nervous system, but participate in wound healing in general, are also crucial for regeneration or its failure in the nervous system.  (+info)

Whirling disease: host specificity and interaction between the actinosporean stage of Myxobolus cerebralis and rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. (5/702)

Scanning electron microscopic studies were conducted on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in the first 60 min after their exposure to the triactinomyxon spores of Myxobolus cerebralis. The results demonstrated that as early as 1 min post exposure the whole process, from the attachment of the triactinomyxon spores to the complete penetration of their sporoplasm germs, had occurred. The triactinomyxon spores sought out the secretory openings of mucous cells of the epidermis, the respiratory epithelium and the buccal cavity of trout and used them as portals of entry. Exposure experiments of the triactinomyxon spores of M. cerebralis to non-salmonid fish, such as goldfish Carassius auratus, carp Cyprinus carpio, nose Chondrostoma nasus, medaka Oryzias latipes, guppy Poecilia reticulata and also the amphibian tadpole Rana pipiens as well as to rainbow trout fry indicated a specificity for salmonids. Attempts to activate the triactinomyxon spores by exposure to mucus prepared from cyprinid and salmonid fish showed no significant differences from those conducted in tap water. The results suggest that the simultaneous presence of both mechano- and chemotactic stimuli was required for finding the salmonid fish host.  (+info)

Characterization of a cDNA encoding a precursor of Carassius RFamide, structurally related to a mammalian prolactin-releasing peptide. (6/702)

We have characterized the cDNA encoding Carassius RFamide (C-RFa), which is structurally related to mammalian prolactin-releasing peptides (PrRPs), from the brain of the crucian carp. The deduced C-RFa precursor has been shown to comprise 117 amino acids, encoding a single C-RFa sequence. A comparative study of amino acid sequences has revealed that several sequences conserved in preproPrRPs are also found in the C-RFa precursor. Furthermore, the abundant presence of the C-RFa mRNA in the telencephalon, optic tectum, medulla oblongata, and proximal half eye ball was demonstrated by Southern blot analysis of RT-PCR products.  (+info)

Identification and expression analysis of two developmentally regulated myosin heavy chain gene transcripts in carp (Cyprinus carpio). (7/702)

Whilst developmentally regulated genes for the myosin heavy chain (MyoHC) have been characterised in mammalian, avian and amphibian species, no developmental MyoHC gene has previously been characterised in a species of fish. In this study, we identify two developmentally regulated MyoHC gene transcripts (named Eggs22 and Eggs24) in carp (Cyprinus carpio) and characterise their expression patterns during embryonic and larval development. The transcripts showed an identical temporal pattern of expression commencing 22 h post-fertilisation (18 degrees C incubation temperature), coincident with the switch from exclusive expression of genes for beta-actin to expression of genes for both beta- and alpha-actin, and continuing for 2 weeks post-hatching. No expression of these myosin transcripts was detected in juvenile or adult carp. Wholemount in situ hybridisation showed that both transcripts are expressed initially in the rostral region of the developing trunk and progress caudally. Both are expressed in the developing pectoral fin and protractor hyoideus muscles. However, the muscles of the lower jaw express only the Eggs22 transcript. No expression of either transcript was detected in cardiac or smooth muscle. A distinct chevron pattern of expression was observed in the myotomal muscle. This was shown to be caused by localisation of the mRNAs to the myoseptal regions of the fibres, the sites of new sarcomere addition during muscle growth, suggesting transport of MyoHC mRNA transcripts. The 3' untranslated region of the Eggs24 transcript contains a 10 base pair motif (AAAATGTGAA) which is shown to be also present in the 3' untranslated regions of MyoHC genes from a wide range of species. Possible reasons for the need for developmental isoforms of myosin heavy chain isoforms are discussed.  (+info)

A new member of the Ig superfamily and a V-ATPase G subunit are among the predicted products of novel genes close to the TNF locus in the human MHC. (8/702)

It is becoming increasingly apparent that many of the genes in the class III region of the human MHC encode proteins involved in the immune and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, genetic studies have indicated that genes within the class III region, particularly the telomeric segment containing the TNF gene, could contribute to susceptibility to diseases of immune-related etiology. We have sequenced an 82-kb segment of DNA around the TNF gene to identify candidate disease susceptibility genes in this region. The 10 known genes in this region have been precisely positioned with the order allograft inflammatory factor 1, G1, 1C7, leukocyte-specific transcript 1 (B144), lymphotoxin B, TNF, lymphotoxin A, NB6, IKBL, BAT1 (centromere to telomere), and their genomic structures have been defined. Comparison of the G1 genomic region with previously described cDNA and genomic sequences, together with the results of reverse transcriptase-PCR, indicates that three alternative transcripts, G1, allograft inflammatory factor 1, and IFN-gamma-responsive transcript, are all derived from this gene. The completion of the sequence of 1C7 (D6S2570) has revealed that this gene encodes a putative novel member of the Ig superfamily. A number of alternatively spliced transcripts of 1C7 were identified by reverse transcriptase-PCR, all of which are expressed in immune-related cell lines. Alternative splicing within the Ig domain-encoding region was seen to result in possible set switching between an IgV domain and an IgC2 domain. Lastly, a previously unidentified gene, homologous to a number of V-ATPase G subunits, has been located 1 kb telomeric of IKBL.  (+info)

Comparison of survival, growth rate and overall breeding of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) juveniles in pond and RAS during winter time ...
To study the complex interaction between growth and reproduction we have established lines of transgenic common carp (Cyprinus carpio) carrying a grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) growth hormone (GH) transgene. The GH-transgenic fish showed delayed gonadal development compared with non-transgenic common carp. To gain a better understanding of the phenomenon, we studied body growth, gonad development, changes of reproduction related genes and hormones of GH-transgenic common carp for 2 years. Over-expression of GH elevated peripheral gh transcription, serum GH levels, and inhibited endogenous GH expression in the pituitary. Hormone analyses indicated that GH-transgenic common carp had reduced pituitary and serum level of luteinizing hormone (LH). Among the tested genes, pituitary Ihfl was inhibited in GH-transgenic fish. Further analyses in vitro showed that GH inhibited Itil) expression. Localization of ghr with LH indicates the possibility of direct regulation of GH on gonadotrophs. We also ...
Jia, B., Armstrong, B., Stryhn, H., Gardner, I. A., Chang, H., & St-Hilaire, S. (2018). A case study of time-series regression modeling: Risk factors for pond-level mortality of farmed grass carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idella ) on a southern Chinese farm. Aquaculture, 484, 58-64. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.10. ...
Deoxynivalenol (DON) frequently contaminates animal feed, including fish feed used in aquaculture. This study intends to further investigate the effects of DON on carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) at concentrations representative for commercial fish feeds. Experimental feeding with 352, 619 or 953 μg DON kg−1 feed resulted in unaltered growth performance of fish during six weeks of experimentation, but increased lipid peroxidation was observed in liver, head kidney and spleen after feeding of fish with the highest DON concentration. These effects of DON were mostly reversible by two weeks of feeding the uncontaminated control diet. Histopathological scoring revealed increased liver damage in DON-treated fish, which persisted even after the recovery phase. At the highest DON concentration, significantly more fat, and consequently, increased energy content, was found in whole fish body homogenates. This suggests that DON affects nutrient metabolism in carp. Changes of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in
Anoxia-tolerant vertebrates decrease their metabolic rate by 70% or more during anoxia, while the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, GABA, increases in concentration. To test the possibility that GABA could be a mediator of anoxic metabolic depression, crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.) were given an inhibitor of GABA synthesis, isoniazid, and the rate of anoxic ethanol production (ethanol being the main end product of energy metabolism in anoxic crucian carp) as well as the rates of normoxic and hypoxic oxygen consumption were measured. Isoniazid (500mgkg−1), which significantly inhibited the anoxia-induced rise in brain GABA concentration, caused a nearly threefold increase in anaerobic ethanol production without affecting normoxic oxygen consumption. The GABA synthesis inhibitor 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3-MP, 200mgkg−1) and the GABA receptor antagonist securinine (20mgkg−1) caused similar rises in anoxic ethanol production. Nevertheless, crucian carp given ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pro- and anti-inflammatory responses of common carp Cyprinus carpio head kidney leukocytes to E.coli LPS as modified by different dietary plant oils. AU - Nguyen, Thi Mai. AU - Mandiki, Robert. AU - Salomon, Jean M. A. J.. AU - Baruti, Joel Bondekwe. AU - Thi, Nang Thu Tran. AU - Nguyen, Thu Hang. AU - Nhu, Truong Quynh. AU - Kestemont, Patrick. PY - 2021/1/1. Y1 - 2021/1/1. N2 - Dietary lipids could modify fatty acid (FA) composition in fish tissues. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as arachidonic acid (ARA), eicosapentaneoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are able to modulate the immune status in fish through an inflammatory process but their availability may be limited when fish are exclusively fed plant oils. This study was conducted to evaluate how to maximise the utilisation of dietary plant oil for an efficient inflammatory response in common carp head kidney leukocytes (HKLs) exposed to a gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, Escherichia coli ...
Li, S. F., Xu, J. W., Yang, Q. L., Wang, C. H., Chen, Q., Chapman, D. C. & Lu, G.; 2009: A comparison of complete mitochondrial genomes of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis: implications for their taxonomic relationship and phylogeny. Journal of Fish Biology, 74: 1787-1803. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02258.x ...
Tang, Bin,Luo, Xiao-Jun,Zeng, Yan-Hong,et al. Tracing the Biotransformation of PCBs and PBDEs in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Using Compound-Specific and Enantiomer-Specific Stable Carbon Isotope Analysis[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2017,51(5):2705-2713 ...
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis based on numerous polymorphic bands have been used to investigate genetic similarity and diversity among and within two cultured and wild populations represented by the species crucian carp (Carassius carassius). From RAPD analysis using five primers, a total of 442 polymorphic bands were obtained in the two populations and 273 were found to be specific to a wild population. 169 polymorphic bands were also produced in wild and cultured population. According to RAPD-based estimates, the average number of polymorphic bands in the wild population was approximately 1.5 times as diverse as that in cultured. The average number of polymorphic bands in each population was found to be different and was higher in the wild than in the cultured population. Comparison of banding patterns in the cultured and wild populations revealed substantial differences supporting a previous assessment that the populations may have been subjected to a long period of ...
In order to elucidate the importance of food-borne chemical contamination in fish, cytological and ultrastructural alterations in hepatocytes and enterocytes of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. exposed for 5 wk to 0.5 microgram endosulfan (6,7,8,9,10,1
Alderson, G. L. H.: The development of a system of linear measurements to provide an assessment of type and function of beef cattle, Anim. Genet. Resour., 25, 45-55, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1014233900005782, 1999. Bakos, J. and Gorda, S.: Genetic improvement of common carp strains using intraspecific hybridization, Aquaculture, 129, 183-186, https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)00245-J, 1995. Bauer, C. and Schlott, G.: Fillet yield and fat content in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) produced in three Austrian carp farms with different culture methodologies, J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25, 591-594, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01282.x, 2009. Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture - Department for Quality Assurance and Analytics: Determination of intramuscular fat content in fish - modification of the VDLUFA method 5.1.1. Subject area AQU3, central laboratory, Analysis of feed and animal products, Poing, Germany, Internal documentation, received by email on 19 October 2016. Brethour, J. ...
In this study, we developed 134 novel polymorphic polynucleotide-repeat microsatellite markers for silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and characterized 40 loci for polymorphism and genetic diversity in a test population. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 19 (mean 9.4), and the average observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.74-0.76, respectively. Thirty-five loci were highly informative (PIC > 0.5) in silver carp population. After Bonferroni adjustments, no pairs of loci showed evidence of significant linkage disequilibrium, and none of the loci significantly deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. All 134 silver carp microsatellite loci could be successfully amplified in bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) with 65 loci being polymorphic, indicating a high transferability of these microsatellites across species. This set of novel highly polymorphic polynucleotide-repeat microsatellites would be powerful tools for population and conservation genetics ...
The common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is a tetraploid fish species from the family Cyprinidae that arose about 20-50 Myr ago. The aim of the present work was attempting to understand the functional role of the duplicated common carp GH genes by studying their structure, evolution and expression. The introns of the second GH gene of common carp were sequenced for the first time and sequence comparisons of coding and non-coding regions of alleles of both GH genes were carried out. A phylogenetic analysis was done to examine the relationships of common carp GH genes with GH genes of the tetraploid goldfish and other diploid Cyprinids. In addition, phylogenetic analyses were done with other duplicated genes of common carp, some of which also important for growth. The relative rate test of Tajima (1993) showed a statistically significant increase in the evolution rate of the common carp GH I gene. In addition, some other duplicated gene pairs in common carp and goldfish with relaxation of functional ...
In this study, the chemical characterization of glycoconjugates of myofibrillar proteins from grass carp conjugated with glucose via Maillard reaction for up to 24 h of dry-heating was investigated, and their impacts on the microbial community in vitro human fecal fermentation were firstly evaluated by high-
Adaptation of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Regular Swimming Exercise I. Muscle Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition and Lipid Peroxide Status Abstract.
The common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is one of the major aquaculture species, contributing nearly 35% to the inland fish production in Karnataka, India. Stocks collected from Hungary (2), Indonesia and Vietnam were assessed alongside two local stocks in a series of culture performance trials with the objective of setting up a base population for developing a breeding programme. The present study deals with the genetic divergence and polymorphism in these six stocks using random-amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. A total of 180 decamer random primers were screened for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification (OPA 1-20, OPB1-20, OPC1-20, OPD1-20, OPE1-20, OPF1-20, OPG1-20, OPP1-20 and OPM1-20). Eight primers were selected for analysis of common carp genotypes (OPA-7, OPA-20, OPB-17, OPF-10, OP F-9, OPG-4, OPG-9 and OPP-16). Out of 492 bands recorded, 57.1% were polymorphic. Stepwise regression analysis was carried out to find best combination markers affecting body weight (P , 0.001). ...
Conference Paper: Biphasic growth hormone release induced by protein kinase C activation in grass carp pituitary cells involves [Ca2+ ]e entry through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and mobilization of [Ca2+ ]i ...
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the worlds most widely introduced and established freshwater fishes (Casal 2006). The species is considered to be one of the eight most invasive freshwater fishes (Lowe et al. 2000) and worldwide, it accounts for most of the records of successful establishments and adverse ecological effects (Casal 2006; Kulhanek et al. 2011). This invasive success suggests that feral C. carpio is equipped with a set of adaptable life history attributes that allow it to successfully colonise a wide range of habitats (Koehn 2004; Zambrano et al. 2006; Britton et al. 2007). Where feral C. carpio occurs in high densities, it is often perceived as an invasive pest species (Sivakumaran et al. 2003; Brown and Walker 2004; Koehn 2004) because it can have severe impacts on habitat heterogeneity and biodiversity by increasing water turbidity through its bottom feeding behaviour, increasing nutrient availability, decreasing benthic and macrophyte density and diversity, altering ...
The present study investigated the effects of condensed tannins (CT) on intestinal immune function in on-growing grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 healthy grass carp were fed six diets containing different levels of CT (0, 10·00, 20·00, 30·00, 40·00 and 50·00 g/kg diet) for 70 d and then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 d. The results showed that, compared with the control group, dietary CT (1) induced intestinal histopathological lesions and aggravated enteritis; (2) decreased lysozyme and acid phosphatase activities, complement 3 (C3), C4 and IgM contents and down-regulated the Hepcidin, liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide (LEAP)-2A, LEAP-2B, Mucin2 and β-defensin-1 mRNA levels in the proximal intestine (PI), mid intestine (MI) and distal intestine (DI) (P , 0·05); (3) down-regulated the mRNA levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, TGF-β2 (not in MI and DI), IL-4/13A (not IL-4/13B), IL-10 and IL-11 partly correlated ...
Three embryonic class II myosin heavy chains (MYHs) were cloned from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), MYHemb1,MYHemb2 and MYHemb3. MYH DNA clones were also isolated from the slow muscle of adult carp acclimated to 10°C (MYHS10)and 30°C (MYHS30). Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that MYHemb1 and MYHemb2 belonged to the fast skeletal muscle MYH clade. By contrast, the sequence of MYHemb3 was similar to the adult slow muscle isoforms, MYHS10 and MYHS30. MYHemb1 and MYHemb2 transcripts were first detected by northern blot analysis in embryos 61 h post-fertilization (h.p.f.) at the heartbeat stage, with peak expression occurring in 1-month-old juveniles. MYHemb1 continued to be expressed at low levels in 7-month-old juveniles when MYHemb2 was not detectable. MYHemb3transcripts appeared at almost the same stage as MYHemb1transcripts did (61 h.p.f.), and these genes showed a similar pattern of expression. Whole mount in situ hybridization analysis revealed that the transcripts of MYHemb1 and ...
The Science Issue and Relevance: Triploidy is the condition in which three chromosome sets occur in somatic cells. Triploidization is the most practical, economical, and effective method for mass production of sterile fishes. Some examples include triploid oysters Crassostrea spp., Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, and Black Carp Mylopharyngodon piceus that are commercially cultured for consumption, weed and snail control, respectively. Additionally, triploid walleye Sander vitreus, crappie Pomoxis spp., striped bass Morone saxatilis, and salmonids are stocked for recreational fishing. Triploidization limits the potential for establishment of wild populations. However, treatments used to induce triploidy often do not achieve 100% triploids in a spawn.. Differentiating diploids from triploids at the earliest life stage possible allows for a more efficient use of resources including production time and rearing space. Thus, a reliable flow cytometric (FCM) method has been developed to ...
Bergmann SM, Schutze H, Fischer U, Fichtner D, Riechardt M, Meyer K, Schrudde D, Kempter J. (2009b). Detection of koi herpes virus (KHV) genome in apparently healthy fish. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists. 29:145-152.. Costes B, Stalin Raj V, Michel B, Fournier G, Thirion M, Gillet L, Mast J, Lieffrig F, Bremont M, Vanderplasschen A. (2009). The major portal of entry of koi herpesvirus in Cyprinus carpio is the skin. J Virol 83:2819-2830.. Eide K, T Miller-Morgan, J Heidel, R Bildfell, L Jin. (2011). Results of total DNA measurement in koi by tissue koi herpesvirus real-time PCR. Journal of Virological Methods 172:81-84. El-Matbouli M, Saleh M, Soliman H. (2007). Detection of cyprinid herpesvirus type 3 in goldfish cohabiting with CyHV3-infected koi carp (Cyprinus carpio koi). Veterinary Record 161:792-793.. Gilad O, Yun S, Adkison MA, Way K, Willits NH, Bercovier H, Hedrick RP. (2003). Molecular comparison of isolates of an emerging fish pathogen, koi ...
The present study investigated the effects of dietary vitamin A on immune function in the proximal intestine (PI), mid intestine (MI) and distal intestine (DI) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed graded levels of dietary vitamin A for 10 weeks, and then a challenge test using an injection of Aeromonas hydrophila was conducted for 14 d. The results showed that, compared with the optimum vitamin A level, vitamin A deficiency significantly decreased fish growth performance, increased enteritis morbidity, decreased intestinal innate humoral immune response and aggravated intestinal inflammation. However, liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2A/B mRNA in the DI and IL-6, IL-17D, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and TGF-β2 mRNA in the PI were not affected by vitamin A levels. Meanwhile, vitamin A deficiency disturbed inflammatory cytokines in the PI, MI and DI, which might be partly linked to p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signalling and NF-κB ...
RIG-I (retinoic acid inducible gene-I) is a key mediator of antiviral immunity, able to couple detection of infection by RNA and DNA viruses to the induction of interferons. In the present study, a RIG-I gene from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (CiRIG-I) was isolated and characterized. The full-length cDNA of CiRIG-I was of 3198 bp and encoded a polypeptide of 947 amino acids with an estimated ...
Discussion. Metallic mixtures remaining in wastes may collect in various organs of animals or reason huge alteration in plant and fish biomass manufacture (Barman and Lal 1994). The toxicity data in this perusal showed that mercury chloride is toxic to silver carp (H. molitrix). In this report a series of hematological, biochemical and Immunological parameters were examined in silver carp after exposure to 10% and 50% LC50 doses of mercury chloride.. Hematotoxins alter qualitative and quantitative attributes of blood cells to produce toxic signs. when some of these other blood constituents are present or structural anomalies occurring in blood components meddle with normal functioning occur Hematotoxicity. Qualitative commutations in blood cell components can consequence in contamination (Landis and M 2004).. Although adequate in quantity, the quality of these small, less colored red blood cells impedes them from conveying the normal extent of oxygen (Landis and M 2004). Five examinations are ...
Shared alpha chain of heterodimeric glycoprotein hormones. These hormones bind specific receptors on target cells that in turn activate downstream signaling pathways. Involved in gametogenesis and steroidogenesis.
magnetic field was generated with a cylindrical coil of 80 cm length, an inner diameter of 18.5 cm and an outer diameter of 20 cm; coil constisted of 490 turn of enameled copper wire (2.5 mm diameter); fish were placed in the middle of the coil to ensure that all fish received th same magnetic field intensity; coil was positioned in an east-west direction and magnetic field was parallel to long axis of fish body; digital temperature controller has been installed inside the coil; an air conditioning system ventilated the coil interior chamber to maintain temperature at 22°C; plastic pipes containing cold tap water which circulated around the coil were used for cooling ...
Cholinesterase (ChE) activity was used as a biomarker for assessing exposure of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides from irrigated agricultural waters. Carp were collected from a lake (Royal Lake) that receives most of its water from irrigation return flows and from a reference lake (Billy Clapp Lake) outside of the irrigation system. Results indicated that the mean whole-brain ChE activity of carp from Royal Lake (3.47 μmol/min/g tissue) was 34.2% less than that of carp from Billy Clapp Lake (5.27 μmol/min/g tissue) (p = 0.003). The depressed ChE activity in brain tissue of Royal Lake carp was in response to ChE-inhibiting insecticides detected in water samples in the weeks prior to tissue sampling; the most frequently detected insecticides included chlorpyrifos, azinphos-methyl, carbaryl, and ethoprop. Neither sex nor size appears to be a covariable in the analysis; ChE activity was not correlated with fish length or weight...
Koi herpesvirus (KHV) caused significant morbidity and mortality in koi and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Glycoprotein has been used for vaccine development as sub unit vaccine against many viruses. KHV ORF25 is one of koi herpesvirus genes which encode a glycoprotein. The objectives of this research are to clone gene KHV ORF25and express its protein. The common carp showing necrosis and white patches of gill which was collected from Magelang was used in this research. Primers were designed to amplify partial ORF25 based on KHV J strain. KHV ORF25 was successfully amplified and cloned in pET32a. Sequence analysis showed that this KHV ORF25 has 99% homology with the sequences of KHV genotype KHV-J, KHV-I, and KHV-U. This ORF was predicted has 3, 23, and 8 B-cell epitopes based on Emini scale, Karplus and Schulz scale, and ElliPro respectively. The KHV ORF25 recombinant protein has been successfully produced in Escherichia coli as an insoluble protein with approximately 45 kDa in size. The high ...
This project will enhance knowledge in the area of electromagnetic fields and health by clarifying some of the actual effects of low frequency electromagnetic fields (LF-EMF) on the innate immune system. The main goal of this project is to gain a basic understanding of possible LF-EMF effects at all levels of the organism (molecular, cellular and whole organism). Our model builds on existing in vitro models studying the formation of oxygen radicals in human monocytes, thus taking into account past research and established effects.The research questions in theis proposal address how LF-EMF modulate a) the in vitro response of macrophages, b) in vivo fish health and c) transcription of (immune-relevant) genes. The animal species of choice is fish, common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), using an in vitro culture system of the fish equivalent of human bone marrow-derived macrophages. Carp macrophages will be exposed to LF-EMF treatments to measure macrophage activation. Microarray analysis will be used ...
Introduced - People took this fish species from its natural range and introduced it virtually worldwide. Garret Ellison, who covers the environment for MLive, spoke with IPR News about the proposed project, and whats at … The sterilization program has worked to some extent, but fertile fish are still being captured in locations where only sterile fish introduction is authorized.. In the case of all carp species, they intentionally were introduced to North America. Often, management or control techniques for prohibited species are not available. The structure on the Des Plaines River is a choke point between the Illinois River, which is infested with the invasive carp, and Lake Michigan. In North America, the term Asian carp typically refers to two species of invasive fish introduced from Asia: the bighead, or bigheaded carp (Hypopthalmichthys nobilis) and the silver carp (Hypopthalmichthys molitrix).These carp are native to China. Black carp are the largest of the four invasive carp ...
Typically, studies in digestive physiology in fish focus on a few enzymes and provide insight into the specific processes of the enzyme in a targeted species. Comparative studies assessing a wide number of digestive enzymes on fishes that compete for food resources are lacking, especially in the context of an introduced species. It is generally thought that the invasive silver carp (SVC; Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) directly compete for food resources with the native gizzard shad (GZS; Dorosoma cepedianum) in waters where they coexist. We compared 19 digestive enzymes between SVC and GZS throughout a year and in two rivers in the Midwestern United States: Illinois River and Wabash River. All digestive enzymes analyzed were detected in both SVC and GZS in both rivers. However, the profiles of the digestive enzymes varied by species. Alkaline phosphatase, valine arylamidase, acid phosphatase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase were all much higher in SVC than...
Background Aquaporins (Aqps) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of water and small solutes across cell membranes. Among vertebrate species, Aqps are highly conserved in both gene structure and amino acid sequence. These proteins are vital for maintaining water homeostasis in living organisms, especially for aquatic animals such as teleost fish. Studies on teleost Aqps are mainly limited to several model species with diploid genomes. Common carp, which has a tetraploidized genome, is one of the most common aquaculture species being adapted to a wide range of aquatic environments. The complete common carp genome has recently been released, providing us the possibility for gene evolution of aqp gene family after whole genome duplication. Results In this study, we identified a total of 37 aqp genes from common carp genome. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of aqps are highly conserved. Comparative analysis was performed across five typical vertebrate genomes. We found that
The effect of Bacillus additive on immunity and antioxidant activities of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) was studied in this experiment. Animals of the control group were fed the basal diet and those of treatment group were fed the basal diet augmented with Bacillus additive at a dose of 105 Colony Forming Units per gram (CFU g-1) feed. Data showed that serum immunity parameters including IgM, complement C3 and Alkaline Phosphatase (AKP) significantly increased (p,0.05) by 30.77, 34.62 and 107.79% in the treatment group. However, there was no significant difference in serum total protein, globulin, albumin, A/G ratio, Lysozyme (LZM), Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT) and Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) activities. Serum antioxidant parameters such as serum Glutathione (GSH), Total Antioxidant Capacity (T-AOC), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities significantly (p,0.05) enhanced by 32.76, 41.75, 20.06 and 11.30%, respectively and ...
The effect of Bacillus additive on immunity and antioxidant activities of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) was studied in this experiment. Animals of the control group were fed the basal diet and those of treatment group were fed the basal diet augmented with Bacillus additive at a dose of 105 Colony Forming Units per gram (CFU g-1) feed. Data showed that serum immunity parameters including IgM, complement C3 and Alkaline Phosphatase (AKP) significantly increased (p,0.05) by 30.77, 34.62 and 107.79% in the treatment group. However, there was no significant difference in serum total protein, globulin, albumin, A/G ratio, Lysozyme (LZM), Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT) and Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) activities. Serum antioxidant parameters such as serum Glutathione (GSH), Total Antioxidant Capacity (T-AOC), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities significantly (p,0.05) enhanced by 32.76, 41.75, 20.06 and 11.30%, respectively and ...
DESIGN: The aim of these experiments was to prove increased resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) juveniles fed on experimental diets with microalgae biomass supplement (Algadiets) to oxidative stress caused by a disinfectant chloramine-T. In indoor experiments fish were fed on laboratory-prepared extruded diets containing supplement of Chlorella spp. (cf. C. vulgaris Beijerinck) biomass which contains antioxidants (carotenoids) like lutein. The young-of-the-year-old fish were acclimatized and fed on basal diet (control group) and the on diets containing 1, 2, 5 and 10% (w/w) of spray-dried Chlorella biomass (Algadiet 1, 2, 5 and 10) for 14 days followed by 6 weeks. Consequently, fish were treated daily with chloramine-T (Chl-T) at concentration of 10 mg x l(-1) for 1 h in three consecutive days. After this treatment, the indices of oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activity were assayed in fish gill, muscle and hepatopancreas ...
2 Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), Faculty of Animal Science and Fisheries, Department of Fisheries, Sari, Iran DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_4_11 Viewed : 3855 - Downloaded : 3082 This study examined the effects of Immunowall® prebiotic and Primalac® probitic (each with 1.0 and 1.5 g kg−1 diet, respectively) on common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fry (n= 4200, 10 ± 0.015 g) from the Caspian Sea. Specific growth rate (SGR), body weight gain (BWG), total length (TL), survival, feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass composition, and hematological parameters were evaluated in triplicate treatments after 8 weeks. BWG, SGR, TL, and survival rate were significantly influenced in the fish fed 1.5 g of mixed Immunowall® and Primalac® ( ...
Localization, expression and control of adrenocorticotropic hormone in the nucleus preopticus and pituitary gland of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L ...
Charvatova N, Zelinska G, Dobsikova R, Stancova V, Zivna D, Plhalova L, Blahova J, Sehonova P, Marsalek P, Bartoskova M, Prokes M, Piskorova I, Svobodova Z. The effect of the fluoroquinolone norfloxacin on somatic indices and oxidative stress parameters in early stages of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2015 Jan; 36(Suppl 1): 79-87 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity against a virus-infected syngeneic cell line in isogeneic ginbuna crucian carp. AU - Somamoto, Tomonori. AU - Nakanishi, Teruyuki. AU - Okamoto, Nobuaki. N1 - Funding Information: This study was supported in part by Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan (No. 08660266) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan.. PY - 2000/9/1. Y1 - 2000/9/1. N2 - In the present study, we attempted to determine whether virus-specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity occurs in fish. Experiments were conducted with clonal ginbuna crucian carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii) (S3n strain), and the syngeneic cell line (CFS). Two infectious viruses were used: infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) and eel virus from America (EVA). Peripheral blood leukocytes, which consisted almost entirely (95%) of lymphocytes and thrombocytes, from S3n ginbuna immunized with virus-infected CFS ...
New myxosporean species are described from Indian fishes cultured in pond farms of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh (UP) state. Based upon plasmodia found in the Indian major carps ( Catla catla, Cirrhinus cirrh
Recent research suggests the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is often invasive in the North American Midwest due to its propensity to exploit shallow basins prone to winter hypoxia for reproduction. It has been shown that seasonally hypoxic basins often support extremely high abundances of young-of-the-year carp, but the fate of these carp is unknown. To determine whether these proposed nurseries serve as a source of recruits at a watershed scale, we used a population genetics approach to investigate carp recruitment in a system of interconnected lakes, ponds, and wetlands in central Minnesota. We collected carp tissue samples (n=939) from all basins throughout the watershed and from individuals moving between lakes and proposed nurseries. Microsatellite analysis revealed 2 genetically distinct strains of carp within the watershed. The spatial distribution and movement patterns observed among the genetically distinct strains of carp revealed patterns in dispersal, colonization, and natal homing ...
هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر سمیتفلز سنگین سرب بر برخی فاکتورهای سرولوژیکی خون ماهی فیتوفاگ طی مجاورت کوتاه مدت با فلز سرب می باشد. به منظور انجام این مطالعه 135 عدد بچه ماهی فیتوفاگ باوزن متوسط 10 ± 50 گرم و طول متوسط 1±13سانتی متر، در مجاورت غلظت های 0، 5 و10میلی گرم در لیتر سرب نیترات Pb(NO3)2در 9 دستگاه آکواریوم هر یک به ظرفیت 90 لیتر قرار داده شدند. نمونه برداری خون از سیاهرگ دمی به صورت کاملا تصادفی، به تعداد 3 عدد ماهی از هر آکواریوم، هر 12 ساعت یکبار تا 96 ساعت صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که میزان هموگلوبین در ساعت 24 بین گروه شاهد و سایر تیمارها اختلاف معنی داری نشان
Abstract : Several interspecific and interganeric hybrids of Indian major carps : Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala and Labeo calbasu (Chaudhuri 1959, 1971 & 1973; Naseem Hamza 1971; Naseem Hamza & Alikunhi, 1971; Varghese & Sukumaran, 1971; Chondar 1977) and those of Indian major carps with exotic carps viz. common carp (Alikunhi & Chaudhuri 1959; Kowtal & Gupta 1984, Khan et al; 1986 and Gupta et al; 1986) and silver carp (Ibrahim et al; 1980) have been artificially produced through hypophysation. From natural ecosystems such as reservoir and dry bundhs, several hybrids have been recorded (Desai & Rao, 1970; Tripathi et al; 1974, Tripathi and Sharaf 1974; Natarajan et al; 1976 & Prasad 1976). Many of these hybrids were found to be intermediate in characters of the parent species. Only a few hybrids, both artificially produced and naturally occurring, have been studied in detail for their cultural qualities and adaptability to various environments. In the present communication an ...
Tripartite motif-containing protein 32 (TRIM32) belongs to the tripartite motif (TRIM) family, which consists of a large number of proteins containing a RING (Really Interesting New Gene) domain, one or two B-box domains, and coiled coil motif followed by different C-terminal domains. The TRIM family is known to be implicated in multiple cellular functions, including antiviral activity. However, it is presently unknown whether TRIM32 of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has the antiviral effect. In this study, the sequence, expression, and antiviral function of TRIM32 homolog from common carp were analyzed. The full-length coding sequence region of trim32 was cloned from common carp. The results showed that the expression of TRIM32 (mRNA) was highest in the brain, remained stably expressed during embryonic development, and significantly increased following spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) infection. Transient overexpression of TRIM32 in affected Epithelioma papulosum cyprinid cells led to significant
Lookup HS Codes for Saudi Arabia i 03.05.64 -- Tilapias (Oreochromis spp.), catfish (Pangasius spp., Silurus spp.,Clarias spp., Ictalurus spp.), carp (Cyprinus carpio, Carassius carassius, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys spp., Cirrhinus spp., Mylopharyngodon piceus), eels (Anguilla spp. Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Saudi Arabia.
And in addition a quick google search actually bought a bunch of research on this up.. http://www.sciencedi...016648083710099. Growth Hormone and Gonadotropin Secretion in the Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): In Vitro Interactions of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, Somatostatin, and the Dopamine Agonist Apomorphine. http://www.springerl...11880540350234/. Characterization of growth hormone binding sites in the goldfish,Carassius auratus: effects of hypophysectomy and hormone injection. A recombinant carp growth hormone (rcGH) was used to develop for a GH radioreceptor binding assay in the goldfish (Carassius auratus). Specific binding of125I-rcGH to goldfish liver membranes was a pH, time, temperature, and membrane protein dependent process.. (Use of artificially manufactured carp GH -rcGH- on Goldfish shows that goldfish have receptors for GH. Its a cloned GH, to whoever was asking before. There are MANY of them out there.. Stone, N., Mc Nulty, E. & Park, E. (2002) The Effect of Stocking and ...
Labeo rohita es de las principales especies de carpas hindúes y originalmente un habitante de la red del río Ganges en la India. Se encuentra en la lista de las diez especies principales de la acuacultura mundial. Puesto que no hay información sobre el patrón de crecimiento de las poblaciones silvestres de esta especie, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el patrón de edad y crecimiento para apoyar el desarrollo de planes de gestión eficaces. Un total de 1 082 muestras de L. rohita se obtuvieron en el periodo de mayo 2009 a Julio 2012, en seis desembocaduras de la cuenca del río Ganges. Las mediciones de los peces fueron utilizadas para determinar la edad y el crecimiento mediante el análisis de los anillos de crecimiento anuales. De las seis poblaciones, se registró un máximo de categoría de edad 8+ en dos ríos (Betwa y Sharda). Las longitudes de retrocálculo en la edad 8+ variaron entre 86.22-91.66cm. De los parámetros de crecimiento, la tasa específica de aumento de ...
افزایش ماندگاری محصولات آبزی از جمله دغدغه‌های مهم صنعت فرآوری است. بنابراین، مطالعه حاضر با هدف ارزیابی پتانسیل ضدباکتریایی اسانس رزماری و نایسین بر فیله ماهی کپور نقره‌ای انجام شد. تیمارهای مورد استفاده در این مطالعه شامل تیمار شاهد (فاقد هر ماده افزودنی)، رزماری (5/1 درصد) و نایسین (5/0 گرم بر کیلوگرم) و ترکیب نایسین و رزماری است و به منظور بررسی اثر ضدباکتریایی این دو ماده، باکتری Salmonella typhimurium روی فیله‌های ماهی فیتوفاگ به میزان log CFU/g 5 تلقیح شد. همچنین تاثیر‌گذاری هر یک از تیمارها با شمارش باکتری‌های کل، باکتری‌های سرماگرا، باکتری‌های اسید لاکتیک و
Free Online Library: Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) population characteristics and recruitment in two Nebraska Sandhill lakes. by Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences; Science and technology, general Aquatic ecosystems Analysis Aquatic sciences Closed ecological systems Closed experimental ecosystems Fish hatcheries Fishes Freshwater ecology Glacial lakes Mesocosms Natural areas Nature reserves Ponds Water quality
A survey of DNase I in nine different carp tissues showed that the hepatopancreas has the highest levels of both DNase I enzyme activity and gene expression. Carp hepatopancreatic DNase I was purified 17,000-fold, with a yield of 29%, to electrophoretic homogeneity using three-step column chromatography. The purified enzyme activity was inhibited completely by 20 mM EDTA and a specific anti-carp DNase I antibody and slightly by G-actin. Histochemical analysis using this antibody revealed the strongest immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm of pancreatic tissue, but not in that of hepatic tissue in the carp hepatopancreas. A 995-bp cDNA encoding carp DNase I was constructed from total RNA from carp hepatopancreas. The mature carp DNase I protein comprises 260 amino acids, the same number as the human enzyme, however, the carp enzyme has an insertion of Ser59 and a deletion of Ala225 in comparison with the human enzyme. These alterations have no influence on the enzyme activity and stability. Three amino acid
Durante o processo de criação e comercialização de peixes ornamentais existem muitos fatores que podem causar estresse nos peixes, sendo o transporte um dos principais. O estresse pode prejudicar a saúde e comprometer a sobrevivência dos peixes, podendo causar prejuízos aos produtores. O uso de anestésicos durante os procedimentos de manejo e transporte, bem como o jejum antes do transporte vêm sendo utilizados a fim de minimizar as respostas de estresse dos peixes ornamentais. Dentre os produtos com potencial anestésico em peixes destacam-se os produtos naturais, como os óleos extraídos de plantas. No presente estudo avaliou-se a utilização do óleo de hortelã, extraído da planta Mentha piperita, como anestésico para juvenis de carpa ornamental, Cyprinus carpio. Para tanto, foram realizados dois experimentos. O primeiro experimento avaliou a eficácia e a segurança do óleo de hortelã como anestésico para C. carpio e o segundo experimento avaliou o efeito do óleo de ...
Paddlefish (Polyodontidae), sturgeon (Acipenseridae) and bigheaded carps (Cyprinidae: Hypophthalmichthys spp.) are taxa shared by the Yangtze and Mississippi River Basins. In the Yangtze, native paddlefish (Psephurus gladius) are functionally extinct, sturgeon are maintained through stocking, and bigheaded carps (H. nobilis and H. molitrix) declining. In Mississippi River, native paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) are secure, pallid sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus) endangered, shovelnose sturgeon (S. platorhynchus) threatened, and lake sturgeon (A. fulvescens) locally imperiled, although large robust populations of all these species exist in portions of their ranges; introduced bigheaded carps are invasive and abundant throughout their range. Paddlefish and sturgeon are habitat specialists having long periods of maturation (, 7 years) and infrequent reproduction (every 2-3 years). In areas lacking adequate spawning and rearing habitat populations are maintained principally by stocking ...
Pituitary melanotropes release alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and acetylated beta-endorphin (NAc beta-end) during stress responses. However, effects of stressors on plasma concentrations of these hormones are highly inconsistent among fish species. Here, we show that also within a species, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio), fish sometimes respond with elevated alpha-MSH and NAc beta-end plasma levels, and at other times not. The origin of this variable response was investigated by (1) studying the effects of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) on alpha-MSH and NAc beta-end release in vitro, (2) establishing where in the second messenger pathway coupled to CRH receptors melanotrope responsiveness is determined, and (3) testing modulatory actions of other hypothalamic factors (here opioid beta-endorphin). Melanotropes were in a high or low responsive state to CRH in vitro, which was especially evident when tissue was tested from fish kept at higher ambient water temperatures, ...
Epidermal mucus (mucus) is increasingly applied to fish ecological studies based on stable isotope analysis (SIA) due to its non-invasive collection. However, knowledge on mucus SI turnover rates of individual fish remains limited, including uncertainty over how they are influenced by fish body sizes. Here, a diet switch experiment predicted mucus SI turnover rates (δ13C and δ15N) as a function of time using samples taken over 200 days from 10 individually tagged common carp Cyprinus carpio covering two size groups. Non-linear mixed effects models revealed rapid turnover of both δ13C and δ15N (T50: 2-5 days; T95: 9-22 days); δ15N turnover rates were slower for the larger cohort, while δ13C turnover rates were independent of body size. Within size groups, turnover rates were not expected to vary between individuals. These experimental results suggest that due to these fast turnover rates, epidermal mucus can provide insights into the diets of fish over very short timeframes, although for ...
We hypothesized that apple snails would change life-history traits in the presence of common carp to reduce or avoid predation risk. Carp of about 150 mm body length were released in small plots set in a rice field in southern Japan at 0, 0.2, or 0.6 carp/m2. Egg-mass size, proportion of hatched eggs, and duration of hatching of the snail were measured once or twice a week from July to September. Snails collected in traps were used to estimate both snail density by the Jolly-Seber mark-recapture method and distribution of shell lengths in each plot. The weight of the snail was regressed on a size-weight equation, and the snail biomass was determined by multiplying the estimated density and the regressed weight. The reproductive effort of the snails was calculated as the number of eggs divided by the biomass of adult females. The egg mass size and reproductive effort were significantly increased in the presence of carp. These increases were considered as life-history changes of apple snails in the
BOZA-ABARCA, J et al. Hormone-induced spawning of wild and captive-grown spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus using carp pituitary suspension and human chorionic gonadotropin. Cienc. mar [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp.125-139. ISSN 0185-3880.. Hormone-induced spawning of the spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus was studied using wild and cage-grown fish. Carp pituitary suspension (CPS) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were assessed. Wild females (0.7-2.1 kg body weight (BW), n = 18) were collected by hook and line in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica, to induce final maturation and ovulation in the laboratory. In the first experiment, five doses of CPS were evaluated and spawning was only observed at the higher doses (4.0 and 4.5 mg CPS kg-1 BW); the doses used were lower than for other species under similar conditions. In the second experiment, CPS and hCG protocols were compared using cage-grown broodstock (n = 30 females, 462-995 g; n = 60 males, 400-600 g); egg production was more ...
A neurophysiological detector (NPD) is a hybridization of olfactory system neurons of the fish crucian carp, Carassius carassius L., with a computerized electronic device connected to a high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC). This system makes it possible to measure neurophysiological activities in the olfactory system of C. carassius L. after exposure of this fish to alarm pheromones. The construction of the system was presented for the first time at the 3rd International Symposium on Separation in Bio Sciences SBS 2003 in I. Brondz, et al., The Fish Olfactory System Used as an In-Line HPLC Neurophysiologic Detector NPD, 3rd Int. Symposium on Separation in Bio Sciences SBS 2003: A 100 Years of Chromatography, 13-18 May, Moscow, Russia, 2003, Abstract O- 27, p. 95. A complete paper was published in I. Brondz, et al., Neurophysiologic Detector (NPD)-A Selective and Sensitive Tool in High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications, Vol. 800, No. 1-2,
Certain vertebrates, such as freshwater turtles of the genus Chrysemys and Trachemys and crucian carp (Carassius carassius), have anoxia-tolerant hearts that continue to function throughout prolonged periods of anoxia (up to many months) due to succe
Carp erythrodermatitis (CE) due to an Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Casuistic and experimental results. In November 1987 high losses of carp (Cyprinus carpio) with the main symptom of skin ulcera were observed in a farm in northern Greece. Sixty-six isolates of... ...
Buy Diseases of Carp and other Cyprinid Fishes (9780852382523): NHBS - Edited By: David Hoole, David Bucke, Peter Burgess and I Welby, Fishing News Books
It is a stark reminder that the Asian carp infestation that has overwhelmed stretches of river in the Mississippi River basin and is now threatening the waters of the Great Lakes isnt going to go away anytime soon: The Illinois Department of Natural Resources has hired a Louisiana chef for a made-for-media event this week to demonstrate just how good these fish can be to eat. Its part of the Target Hunger Now campaign, a state-sponsored humanitarian effort to turn the jumbo jumping carp into healthy, ready-to-serve meals for the needy. The program also provides venison to the poor. It already has provided thousands of meals to needy children and families, but this is about more than feeding the poor. Illinois is in a protracted battle with its neighboring Great Lakes states over how to beat back the carp migrating up the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, a man-made link between the carp-infested Mississippi basin and Lake Michigan. Neighboring states want Illinois to slam shut two navigation ...
The present study compared the effectiveness of the Carp pituitary gland extract (PGE) and the synthetic hormone Ovaprim on spawning success of the stinging catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis during induced breeding. The PGE hormone was administered at 6 mg/kg of body weight for females and 2 mg/kg of body weight for males. In contrast, Ovaprim was administered at 0.3 ml/kg body weight and 0.1 ml/kg of body weight for females and males, respectively. The spawning success was higher in the Ovaprim-induced individuals with better performance recorded at all stages of spawning including latency period, ovulation, fertilization, hatching and incubation period compared to the PGE-induced individuals. In the Ovaprim induced individuals, the latency period occurred within 10 hours while in PGinduced individuals, the latency was after 15 hours. Similarly, ovulation rate was 90% for Ovaprim injected fish but lower 78.7% for PGE injected fish. Higher rate of fertilization was observed in the eggs of Ovaprim ...
Hormone-induced spawning of wild and captive-grown spotted rose snapper lutjanus guttatus using carp pituitary suspension and human chorionic gonadotropin . S Valverde-Chavarría ; E Calvo-Vargas ; M Ramírez-Alvarado ; E Rodríguez-Gómez ;Ciencias Marinas 2011, 37 (2). Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
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Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Metroparks Zoo researchers have developed a field test that quickly determines whether Asian grass carp, a threat to the Great Lakes, are sterile or can reproduce. Ohio and neighboring states prohibit sale of fertile grass carp but they have been found in a river feeding into Lake Erie. Scientists worry that reproducing fish could destroy food supplies and habitat essential to native species in the Great Lakes.
All organisms are probably exposed to different types of electromagnetic fields (EMFs). This study is an attempt to evaluate the effect of extremely low-frequency EMFs (50 Hz) on some growth parameters and survival rate of common carp fingerling. The fry (n = 120, averaged 16.76 ± 0.88 g in initial weight) was exposed to ELF-EMF at four intensities of 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2 mT only once for 2 h and then reared for 60 days. The obtained results revealed that all growth indices were significantly (p | 0.05) improved by increasing in the EMFs intensity. 2 mT treatment indicated the highest final weight (43.95 ± 0.27 g), weight gain (6.83 ± 0.10 g), weight gain rate (20.94 ± 0.13 %), daily growth rate (0.38 ± 0.00 g day-1), specific growth rate (1.26 ± 0.01 % day-1) and the lowest food conversion ratio (p | 0.05). Survival rate had significantly (p | 0.05) increased in all exposed treatments compared to the control group. In conclusion, ELF-EMF can enhance the growth indices and survival rate of common
All organisms are probably exposed to different types of electromagnetic fields (EMFs). This study is an attempt to evaluate the effect of extremely low-frequency EMFs (50 Hz) on some growth parameters and survival rate of common carp fingerling. The fry (n = 120, averaged 16.76 ± 0.88 g in initial weight) was exposed to ELF-EMF at four intensities of 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2 mT only once for 2 h and then reared for 60 days. The obtained results revealed that all growth indices were significantly (p | 0.05) improved by increasing in the EMFs intensity. 2 mT treatment indicated the highest final weight (43.95 ± 0.27 g), weight gain (6.83 ± 0.10 g), weight gain rate (20.94 ± 0.13 %), daily growth rate (0.38 ± 0.00 g day-1), specific growth rate (1.26 ± 0.01 % day-1) and the lowest food conversion ratio (p | 0.05). Survival rate had significantly (p | 0.05) increased in all exposed treatments compared to the control group. In conclusion, ELF-EMF can enhance the growth indices and survival rate of common
The Koi Pond Guide is for New and Expert Koi Keepers. The Koi Pond Guide shows you the proper way to build a Koi Pond for years of enjoyment. The Koi pond Guide is outmatched in its Koi Care Information, they went to great lengths to build a database of Koi Health Topics. They are always up to date on all the current Koi diseases and treatment methods to help Pond Owners keep their Koi in top shape. The Koi Pond Guide also sells top of the line fish pond supplies and Koi pond fish, including Butterfly Koi . The Koi Pond Hobby can be a tight niche of people, who care about their ponds. The people at the Koi Pond Guide hope to add valuable information to Your Pond and Koi Library.. Category: Freshwater / Koi ...
Promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (Plzf), a transcriptional repressor, is involved in survival and maintenance of pluripotent stem cells including embryonic and spermatogonial stem cells in mammals. Its cDNA was characterized and expression in proliferating spermatogonial stem cells of rohu (Labeo rohita), a farmed carp, was documented. In teleost, the information on its promoter activity is lacking. Here, we have isolated, sequenced and performed the first characterization of regulatory elements for Plzf being expressed in proliferating spermatogonial stem cells of rohu. About 3.2 kb of 5′-flanking region, relative to ATG start codon, derived by genome walking was sequenced. The 5′-RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) analysis not only mapped the transcriptional start site but also detected non-coding exons. Interestingly, computational analysis detected several putative regulatory elements including TATA-box positioned in the first intron. Luciferase reporter assay was performed for serially
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Following is a list of grass carp (white amur) producers and dealers. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System and Auburn University do not endorse these individuals or companies or the services and products they provide. This is a partial list of supplies known to be available in Alabama and adjacent areas as of February 2018.
Journal article Seasonal changes in glycogen content and Na-K-ATPase activity in the brain of the crucian carp, by Vesa Paajanen and Matti Vornanen, found in the APS Journal of Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology.
Cadmium (Cd) is the most common heavy metal and is easily detected in aquatic environments worldwide. The genus Bacillus was one of dominant probiotics, which was commonly used in aquaculture. The present study was undertaken to explore the effects of Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) supplementation on hematological parameters and the immune response of Carassius auratus gibelio (C. gibelio) following ...
2 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Faculty of Veterinary, Ahvaz, Iran DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_11_01 Viewed : 2062 - Downloaded : 1628 In this study, the effects of oral administration of an alcoholic and aqueous extract of propolis on growth performance indices, hematological parameters and immune responses of Cyprinus carpio were investigated. Six hundred and thirty juvenile Cyprinus carpio (weighing 58.5 ±4.2 g, Mean±SD) were randomly divided into seven equal groups in triplicates. Three groups (G1 to G3) were fed diets containing 0.1%, 0.25% and 0.5% of Propolis-ethanolic Extract (PEE) respectively, whereas groups 4 to 6 were fed a diet containing the same level of Propolis Aqueous Extract (PAE), group seven was received free extract normal food. Growth indices and hemato-immunological parameters in treated fish were evaluated and compared among the groups. The results showed a significant increase in serum lysozyme activity, total serum protein and globulin in fish fed diets ...
International network for natural sciences is a global research journal publisher that publish research article on biology, environment, agriculture and health
109 pages, Chinese/EnglishArtist Lin Wu-kui offers his methods for painting a variety of spontaneous style fancy goldfish, bubble-eyed goldfish and carps. He provides anatomical diagrams, sequential instructions, different techniques for rendering and creative ideas for background treatment. One of the most comprehensive books on goldfish and carps.
Background. Carp represent 40% of the world aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks.. In 2015, global culture carp production reached 28.8 million tones, with more than 20 million tonnes were produced in China (link). According to FAO projections, it is estimated that in order to maintain the current level of per capita consumption, global aquaculture production of carp will need to reach 80 million tonnes by 2050.. Induced spawning in carp fish has traditionally been carried out by a combination of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) analog, and a non FDA approved dopamine receptor inhibitor, or alternatively by a calibrated carp pituitary extract (CCPE).. Our Innovation We developed ZAGIN2, a novel spawning agent which utilizes FDA approved materials and is used by intraperitoneal or intramuscular injections.. As such, it has an advantage over commercial spawning agents such as ZAGIN 1 (Drori et al. 1994), Ovaprim, Ovatide which include a non FDA approved component for ...
EAST PEORIA - In an effort to turn a problem into an asset, the first annual Flying Fish Festival and Bowfishing Tournament has been added to the central Illinois summer calendar.The invasive Asian carp will be at the center of activities planned for July 11-12 with some of the top bowhunters in the country expected to shoot as many Asian carp as they can while competing for cash prizes. The program features Bass Pro Shops in East Peoria as a lead partner for an event with backers on both
Three weeks from the start of the AL Division Series, Workman has emerged among manager John Farrells top options to safeguard late-inning leads. But with the Red Sox holding a two-run edge over the Tampa Bay Rays last night, the 25-year-old rookie faltered, allowing a run in the seventh inning and a game-tying solo homer to James Loney in the eighth.. But alls well that ends well for the Red Sox, and lately, absolutely everything is ending well.. Super sub Mike Carp blasted a first-pitch slider from reliever Roberto Hernandez for a pinch-hit grand slam in the 10th inning, and the Red Sox stunned the freefalling Rays, 7-3, lowering to 8 their magic number for clinching their first AL East title since 2007.. Get a run in, Carp said, recalling his modest goal after idling on the bench for nine innings. I knew Id get the job done off the bat. I knew Id put a good swing on it, and it was going to be deep enough to drive a run in. Then, when I saw it go over the fence, it was . . . ...
James Carpenter. Maybe it was the draft day Saban shock when he sat at Engrams table and Carpenter was selected. Maybe its because I think hes an out of shape fat bastard and I laugh when Carroll says game shape, like Carp even remembers what that means. He looked like he was sweating signing his contract on seahawks.com he was so fat. I dont know, maybe the fact the dude is always hurt and can never achieve game shape? Maybe its because he sucked as a right tackle, as Charles Barkley would say he was TURRIBLE! I also get the impression he doesnt want it. He reminds me of another SEC guy and former Seahawk...Chris Spencer. A guy who was great in college and had all the tools but was too stupid and lazy to utilize his talent. Carp better get it together quick because Im not so sure the Hawks will pay him 1.5 million next year to hang out at the Golden Corral ...
Ethan Smith sight-fishes for carp with guide Steve Martinez By now most fly anglers have heard about the fantastic flats-style carp fishing found in northern
During this time fish can be purchased but have to be left with us until quarantine has finished. Please note that koi left with us in that time is at our risk, if you wish to leave the koi longer we will look after the koi but after the quarantine time but it is at your risk. With our quarantine regime we consider our selves bio secure, but as members of the PKDA we are now striving to achieve their full biosecurity status, changes are being undertaken in the shop and we hope to have this status by the summer 09, including a full off site quarantine centre.. ...
In general grass carp are not specialised feeders and have been shown to consume over 170 different species of aquatic plants. Mitzner (1978) and Zonneveld and Van Zon (1985) concluded that little shift in the qualitative structure of plant species in a water body will be evident after stocking with grass carp, although the biomass of vegetation would decrease. The less preferred species with spiny or hard tissues are not consumed until later in the season after supplies of other plants have declined. Smaller fish prefer different species of plant compared to the larger sizes, hence, over a period of time, the control of plants in a water body will be fairly comprehensive.. The differences in food preferences seen by some authors are a result of the size of the fish used or the ambient temperature. Smaller fish with smaller mouths prefer softer tissues of the submerged vegetation, and the growing roots of water hyacinth. Thus it would be preferable to stock smaller grass carp with water hyacinth ...
Inhabitants are called Crucians /ˈkruːʒən/[9] (frequently written as Cruzans).. Due to St. Croixs history of immigration, there is much debate as to what constitutes a native Crucian. The consensus in Crucian society is that if one is bahn ya (born here in Crucian dialect) on St. Croix, they can claim to be Crucian, but not necessarily a native Crucian. Those considered to be the native Crucians (or by the more politically correct term: ancestral native Crucian) of St. Croix are persons who can trace their ancestry to the era prior to U.S. Virgin Islands acquisition of American citizenship in 1927. Ancestral native Crucians (approximately one-fourth to one-third of St. Croixs population) largely consist of the descendants of enslaved Africans brought to the island by Europeans during the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the descendants of paid laborers recruited by the Danish from the British and Dutch West Indies after emancipation in 1848. As on other Caribbean islands, many ...
Steroid progesterone induces the resumption of maturation in oocytes via a nongenomic pathway through binding to a novel membrane progestin receptor (mPR).
At this moment, this is the only news site in the world on Fukushima issue written in English, by a Japanese citizen who was there on 3/11/2011. Several articles are published daily and all the posts are about the current Fukushima plant situation, on-going health problems among Japanese people, media blackout situation and global effect etc.. Most of them are not covered by mass media all around the world. ...
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All this changed in 1952 when Richard Walker caught a huge, forty-four pound carp from a small three-acre pool called Redmire. He and like-minded anglers through the 1950s and 60s showed that big carp could not only be caught, but also caught deliberately and with some regularity given the right tackle and a certain amount of effort. Newer, stronger rods, larger capacity reels, electronic bite alarms, and eventually a whole catastrophe of peripheral gear were developed. And if this new tackle contained neat innovations, they were nothing compared to the effort put into the novel baits and mental gymnastics applied to designing the rigs used to present them. And the carp these modern anglers are after are not small. Centuries of selective breeding have changed many of the original riverine fishs wild characteristics. The modern carp is deeper in body and faster growing, achieving higher weights for its age as well as much higher absolute heft. Ancestral carp may have averaged a few pounds, and ...
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CARP) was first described ,60 years ago. It is distinct from acanthosis nigricans. This article presents the results of a review of the literature in MEDLINE through May 2006 using the terms confluent and reticulated papillomatosis, reticulated and confluent papillomatosis of Gougerot and Carteaud, and reticulated papillomatosis. A recent report has linked the presence of Dietzia spp. (family: Dietziaceae; suborder: Corynebacterineae; order: Actinomycetales) in the skin to CARP. CARP has also been linked to defects in keratinization. CARP has been reported worldwide and occurs in both sexes, all age groups, and all races. The disorder can initially manifest as hyperkeratotic or verrucous papules that coalesce to form a reticular pattern peripherally and confluent plaques centrally. Although a variety of treatments for CARP exist, oral minocycline 50-100mg twice daily has been the preferred treatment. However, recent reports of the effectiveness of ...
Barry's Carp Fly Step-by-Step Tying Instructions. *^ Reynolds, Barry; Befus, Brad; Berryman, John (1997). Carp on the Fly: A ... Flies for Carp. *^ Bates, Joseph D. (1970). Atlantic Salmon Flies and Fishing. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117- ... a number of traditional patterns have been modified to make them more appealing to carp. One example would be Barry's Carp Fly, ... Carp flies[edit]. Although many flies from the standard trout repertoire can be successfully used to tempt various species of ...
He played for the Hiroshima Toyo Carp of Japan's Central League from 2008 to 2009, during which he won two awards for most ... For the 2008 season, Lewis signed with the Hiroshima Carp of Japan's Central League. He had a spectacular season with Hiroshima ... His 2009 season with the Carp was equally successful. Lewis finished with 186 strikeouts, again leading the league. Although ...
Carp: 35 lb 0 oz (15.9 kg). *Perch: 2 lb 15 oz (1.3 kg) ...
Falk, Emily B.; Cascio, Christopher N.; O'Donnell, Matthew Brook; Carp, Joshua; Tinney, Francis J.; Bingham, C. Raymond; Shope ...
Carp (In Australia, carp are considered an invasive fish and it is illegal to release them into waterways.[2]) ...
... carp,[4] and other species of sturgeon.[5][6] ...
... 鯉 carp; 鮒 crucian carp; 鮠 minnow; 鱒 trout; 鮭 salmon; 鱸 sea bass; 鯛 sea bream; 鰌 stone loach; 鱈 cod; 鰻 eel; 鯊 goby; 鯖 mackerel; ...
The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. The leaf stalks (petioles) can be up to 200 cm (6 ft 7 in) long, allowing the plant to grow in water to that depth,[7] and a horizontal spread of 1 m (3 ft 3 in).[8] The leaves may be as large as 80 cm (31 in) in diameter, while the showy flowers can be up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter.[9] Researchers report that the lotus has the remarkable ability to regulate the temperature of its flowers to within a narrow range just as humans and other warmblooded animals do.[10] Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30-35 °C (86-95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). They suspect the flowers may ...
CarpEdit. A member of the Cyprinidae, carp spawn in times between April and August, largely dependent upon the climate and ... Carp Spawning Information *^ Leong, Paul (2004). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-03- ... of times the fish has spawned before and water temperature are all factors known to effect when and how many eggs each carp ... http://www.carp.me.uk Archived 2011-03-21 at the Wayback Machine. ...
Hiroshima Toyo Carp - 3, Seibu Lions - 11. Seibu Lions Stadium. 2:48. 31,770[1] ... Hiroshima Toyo Carp - 1, Seibu Lions - 6. Seibu Lions Stadium. 3:03. 31,900[1] ... Hiroshima Toyo Carp - 1, Seibu Lions - 7. Seibu Lions Stadium. 3:20. 32,011[1] ... Hiroshima Toyo Carp - 4, Seibu Lions - 2. Seibu Lions Stadium. 3:11. 31,903[1] ...
Carp's tit, Melaniparus carpi. *White-bellied tit, Melaniparus albiventris. *White-backed black tit, Melaniparus leuconotus ...
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae. NatureServe (2013). " ...
Carp, Ossi (2010-12-07). "DI positiv till FRA men ser brister". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 10 March 2014.. ...
Steve Carp (28 January 2016). "Southern Nevada Sports Hall of Fame to induct first MMA fighter". reviewjournal.com. Retrieved ...
Steve Carp (June 22, 2016). "Cost of NHL expansion team goes from $2 million to $500 million". Las Vegas Review-Journal.. ...
The Adventures of Little Carp. 小鲤鱼历险记. Lai Dongmin. 22 min. 52. ...
"OpenBSD manpage for CARP (4)".. , retrieved 2018-02-04. *^ Simon Horman. "Ultra Monkey: IP Address Takeover".. , retrieved 2013 ...
Carps and carp-like fishes of Kwangtung and adjacent inlands. Carps Kwangtung . 1-167. ... Carps and carp-like fishes of Kwangtung and adjacent inlands. Carps Kwangtung: 1-167. ...
USNS Marine Carp (T-AP-199). *SS Marine Falcon. *SS Marine Flasher ...
"Music discriminations by carp (Cyprinus carpio)". Animal Learning & Behavior. 29 (4): 336-353. doi:10.3758/bf03192900. ISSN ...
There are natural springs, stone lanterns, bamboo fences; the pond contains carps. The entrance building Shoseikaku, which was ...
ISBN 978-1-4438-3143-7. "Edward Goodwin Ballard Book Prize in Phenomenology , CARP". Retrieved 4 November 2020. Dermot Moran's ...
Tassone, Maria (2018-07-18). "CARP applauds appointment of new Minister of Seniors". CARP. Retrieved 2019-06-01. "JUST - Work ...
Carp. 132 (t. 205). 1807 "Plant Name Details for Mimusops globosa". IPNI. Retrieved December 25, 2005. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
Carp. 177, Rep. 99) - Montevideo, 8 de mayo de 1985. Luis Alberto Lacalle Herrera, Senador: EXPOSICION DE MOTIVOS Archived 2016 ...
Some of these communities are Burritts Rapids; Ashton; Fallowfield; Kars; Fitzroy Harbour; Munster; Carp; North Gower; Metcalfe ... and the Ottawa/Carp Airport. Ottawa station (IATA: XDS) is the main inter-city train station operated by Via Rail. It is ...
OHCHR 2009, p. 7. "Canada's First Ever National Housing Strategy". CARP. 23 November 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2020. "Canada's ...
Carp. 3. 1805. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families The Plant List search for Ophiuros v t e. ...
Carp.. Most of the illustrations for the work were done by Johann Georg Sturm (1742-1793). De Fructibus was based on specimens ...
Black carp in the United States[edit]. The nature of the black carps diet has led to its use in the United States in the ... Species Profile- Black Carp (Asian Carp) (Mylopharyngodon piceus), National Invasive Species Information Center, United States ... The average length is 60-120 cm (23.5-47 in). Black carp, together with bighead, silver, and grass carps, make up the ... The black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) or black Chinese roach is a species of cyprinid fish and the sole species of the genus ...
Prohibited in Michigan Silver Carp have a light silver body with a white belly and eyes that sit below the downturned, ... See a video of silver carp jumping out of the water.. In the Great Lakes, silver carp would be likely to populate nearshore ... Silver carp leap high out of the water when disturbed by boat motors. Boaters can be and have been injured by these leaping ... Silver carp feed on plankton, a primary food for many native fish including walleye, yellow perch and lake whitefish. They are ...
Black carp inhabit large rivers and lakes but require large rivers for reproduction. ... Prohibited in Michigan Black Carp have a pointed head that is flattened at the front. Scales are blackish-brown darkening to ... Other Names: Chinese black carp, black amur, Chinese roach, snail carp, black Chinese roach ... Or - use the invasive (Asian) carp reporting form. - Or - use the Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) online ...
Are Asian carp dangerous? Silver carp (a variety of Asian carp) are easily disturbed and will jump as much as 10 feet into the ... What are Asian Carp? Carp are not native to North American waters, but various carp species have been introduced here since the ... Can I eat Asian carp? Asian carp of all types have white, firm, mild flesh, which is excellent table fare, but all Asian carp ... Asian Carp Early Detection Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the ...
use Carp;. with. use CGI::Carp. And the standard warn(), die (), croak(), confess() and carp() calls will automagically be ... use CGI::Carp; croak Were outta here!; confess It was my fault: $!; carp It was your fault!; warn Im confused; die ... Im dying.\n; use CGI::Carp qw(cluck); cluck I wouldnt do that if I were you; use CGI::Carp qw(fatalsToBrowser); die Fatal ... use CGI::Carp qw(fatalsToBrowser); die Bad error here;. Fatal errors will now be echoed to the browser as well as to the log ...
The Carps are a Canadian rock music duo consisting of bassist Neil White and drummer Jahmal Tonge. They are signed to Toronto- ... The Carps have released two EPs to critical acclaim, and have been applauded for their ability to weave genres of all types ... In addition to touring Europe and North America, The Carps have played with The Cool Kids, MIA, Holy Fuck, The Hives and Lupe ... Singer Jahmal Tonge is featured on the MSTRKRFT album Fist Of God On both songs "Breakaway" and "So Deep". The Carps will also ...
Holy goldfish (carps) in a high-altitude monastery Sam Poh, Cameron Highlands, Malaysia My motocross Thailand-Malaysia-Thailand ...
Carp Inn offers accommodation with a balcony. Complimentary WiFi is offered throughout the property. There is a private ... Set 700 metres from Quanzhou Kaiyuan Temple,Carp Inn offers accommodation with a balcony. Complimentary WiFi is offered ...
Most widely held works by Robert A Carp Judicial process in America by Robert A Carp( Book ). 56 editions published between ... Robert A Carp( Book ). 3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide In this new ... Robert A Carp( ). 7 editions published between 1969 and 1978 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide ... Robert A Carp( Book ). 30 editions published between 1985 and 2010 in English and held by 2,080 WorldCat member libraries ...
Fillet and scale carp. Cut it into pieces as desired. You can cut it into large pieces, one per person, or you can cut it into ... Grass carp is a fish traditionally used in Chinese food, though the fish has become plentiful in American waters, having been ... Marinate carp in mixture of 2 tbsp. soy sauce, 1 tbsp. cooking wine, 1/2 tsp. sugar, one scallion (sliced crosswise) and one ...
... carp, raw Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and ... Fish, carp, raw. Food Group: Finfish and Shellfish Products. Long Description: Fish, carp, raw. Short Description: CARP,RAW. ... Fish, carp, raw Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Fish, carp, raw. Learn about the carbs, calories, fat, ... Fish, carp, raw Nutrition Information - Full Details. All values shown in the detailed view below are per 100g of material. ...
A Great Lakes official says invasive Asian carp have moved to within 5 miles of a Chicago barrier intended to keep the species ... Advance of Asian carp blamed on humans *Asian carp still not in Lake Michigan *Officials: still no Asian carp in Great Lakes ... "These carp are clawing at the door now," Gaden said.. The silver carp, which experts estimated to be at least 15 miles from the ... "These carp have the potential to be every bit as devastating as the worst invasives we have seen -- sea lamprey and zebra ...
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use Carp::Always::Color::HTML;. or. perl -MCarp::Always::Color::HTML -esub foo { die foo } foo(). DESCRIPTION Like Carp:: ...
Get Carp, Canada K0A weather forecasts for mosquito activities including the 3 day mosquito forecast and mosquito articles and ...
The 80-cm (32-inch) carp can also use sensors in its mouth to monitor the concentration of oxygen in water, a key to fish ... Modeled on the koi, a decorative strain of carp popular in Japan, the remote-controlled white, red and gold robot can maneuver ...
... has made it her mission to keep Asian carp out of the waters around Toronto. ... And more grass carp were being found in U.S. waters. In addition to the two carp found in Tommy Thompson Park in July, one was ... Silver carp can jump up to three metres high. On both sides of the border, there is agreement that if the carp find a path into ... There should be an Asian Carp CSI. Thats Becky Cudmores best carp joke. If the show were ever cast, its star would have to ...
... but all Asian carp also have intramuscular bones in the filets that many people find undesirable. Asian carp feed low on the ... Asian carp of all types have white, firm, mild flesh, which is excellent table fare, ... Are Asian carp dangerous? Silver carp (a variety of Asian carp) are easily disturbed and will jump as much as 10 feet into the ... Can I eat Asian carp?. Asian carp of all types have white, firm, mild flesh, which is excellent table fare, but all Asian carp ...
Carp herpesvirus could stem the tide. We have identified that CyHV-3 does kill Australian pest carps, and it kills them quickly ... Curbing carp numbers. A recently identified candidate biological control agent may one day keep carp numbers in check. Our ... It causes high death rates in common carp and in the ornamental koi carp. No other species of fish, including goldfish, are ... European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a pest that adversely affects the health of our rivers and wetlands. It was first introduced ...
Asian Carp are invading the Great lakes. The Zebra Mussel clung its way into the tributaries of the Lake Superior,Lakes by way ... The Asian Carp is more devastating.. Silver Carp, Black Carp, Bighead Carp. These, and others are the North American nickname ... The Asian Carp was brought to The States in the late 70s by Catfish farmers in the South East. The Carp are supreme cleaners, ... Floods let the Carp into the river.. Flooding of the Mississippi in the late 1990s allowed the Carp to creep into the ...
Regular routine keeps Carp reliever Jay Jackson in groove. by Jason Coskrey. Jay Jackson likes being a relief pitcher. He also ... Carp hammer Giants in clash of CLs top teams. Kris Johnson was rescued by Ryuhei Matsuyamas grand slam and other slugging ... Carp whip BayStars, spoil starter Shota Imanagas season debut. Right-hander Yuta Nakamura worked into the ninth inning for the ... Carp sign veteran reliever Johnny Hellweg. Former major league reliever Johnny Hellweg has signed to play for the Hiroshima ...
... fish floating to the surface of a Chicago-area waterway on Thursday in an operation designed to keep invasive Asian carp out of ... Illinois officials said a single Bighead carp, one of two prolific species of Asian carp viewed as a threat, had turned up in ... Notre Dame University scientists recently detected carp DNA on the lake side of the barriers, which could indicate the carp ... The Asian carp was found some 40 miles from Lake Michigan, which was the closest to the Great Lakes the species has been found ...
"Carp Fishing - Carpfishing UK". www.carp-uk.net. "Carp Fishing in Syracuse and Baldwinsville areas, NY, USA. Wild Carp ... Carpworld and Total Carp, and informative carp angling web sites, such as The Carp Plaice. In the United States, carp are also ... grass carp), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp), and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp). Carp have long been an ... Several carp species (collectively known as Asian carp) were domesticated in East Asia. Carp that are originally from South ...
Get Carp, Canada K0A hair weather forecasts including the 3 day hair frizz risk forecast and style and fashion articles and ...
Carp breach barriers in U.S. waters. South of the border, most of the concern has centred on waterways in and around Chicago ... But the Asian carp is no ordinary fish, and so on Friday, a boardroom in the Peterborough offices of the Ontario Ministry of ... Silver carp jump out of the Illinois River after being disturbed by sounds of watercraft in May 2007.. ((Nerissa Michaels/ ... We said we want to run one for Asian carp.. While the Great Lakes are already home to 180 invasive species, the potential for ...
Carp Water Matters believes that cost-cutting must begin with the board, and will take steps to reduce costs of its current ... Carp Water Challengers Armed for Bear. Thursday, October 4, 2012. By Polly Holcombe, Shirley Johnson, Alexandra Van Antwerp ... How that would have played out, heading into a drought, with all the other water users in Carp. Valley was not carefully ... This is no idle boast: The Carp Water Matters candidates come armed with impressive credentials. ...
A cross section from abdominal cavity of common carp, cyprinus carpio (26 dph). The tissue was stained with Hematoxylin and ...
Amur carp. › European carp. See also. › animaldiversity.org. › fishbase.org. › fishesofaustralia.net.au. › researcharchive. ...
that may hold carp. Any info would be appreciated. Thanx ... I want to take a shot next year at fishing carp. I am ... Many years ago, the guy in charge of the fly fishing dept at Bobs Bait Shop used to guide for carp on the Bay. He said 20 lb ... I want to take a shot next year at fishing carp. I am interested in lakes/streams north of hwy 29 (north central area) in ... Very few people target carp so they get to grow to very old age. ... every guy I have seen fly fish for carp do it in rivers. ...
Flying Asian carp that jumped out of the water and attacked oncoming rowers were likely spooked by the sight of the boat ...
  • Underwater sound technology is being field tested as a tool for herding and deterring Bighead carp, and is being used in combination with fish netting activities to maximize control efforts. (usgs.gov)
  • In the Great Lakes, silver carp would be likely to populate nearshore areas and large rivers, which could reduce sport and commercial fishing opportunities, threatening the $7 billion fishing industry in the Great Lakes. (michigan.gov)
  • If they become established in the Great Lakes, black carp could pose a major threat to Michigan's native mussel populations, many of which are endangered, threatened, of special concern, or in need of conservation. (michigan.gov)
  • Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the Upper Mississippi River and Ohio River basins, has led to increased prevention and control efforts since 2010. (usgs.gov)
  • CHICAGO, Aug. 17 (UPI) -- A Great Lakes official says invasive Asian carp have moved to within 5 miles of a Chicago barrier intended to keep the species out of Lake Michigan. (upi.com)
  • Great Lakes Fishery Commission spokesman Marc Gaden said after genetic testing showed evidence of the carp nearing the electric barrier, the power on the barrier was increased to keep the fish out, the Detroit Free Press said Monday. (upi.com)
  • The silver carp, which experts estimated to be at least 15 miles from the barrier in June, could pose a significant threat to the Great Lakes due to their high reproduction rates and the fact they feed on tiny plankton. (upi.com)
  • On both sides of the border, there is agreement that if the carp find a path into the Great Lakes, commercial and recreational fishing could be decimated and ecosystems devastated. (thestar.com)
  • The goals are to prevent the establishment of invasive Asian carp in the Great Lakes and to reduce their impacts in the Ohio River and Mississippi River Basins and elsewhere. (usgs.gov)
  • If you haven't heard, Asian Carp are invading the Great lakes . (everything2.com)
  • Unfortunately for the ecosystems of the North American tributaries of the Mississippi River and the Great lakes, the Carp will become a plague . (everything2.com)
  • In the middle of July 2002, Eric Slater of the L.A. Times wrote a brief syndicated article about the migration of the Carp toward the Great lakes. (everything2.com)
  • CHICAGO (Reuters) - Authorities scooped up poisoned fish floating to the surface of a Chicago-area waterway on Thursday in an operation designed to keep invasive Asian carp out of the Great Lakes and prevent an ecological disaster. (reuters.com)
  • Poison was dumped into the waterway so maintenance could be performed on an electrical barrier that is designed to keep the carp out of the Great Lakes. (reuters.com)
  • The Asian carp was found some 40 miles from Lake Michigan, which was the closest to the Great Lakes the species has been found, authorities said. (reuters.com)
  • Authorities fear that if the carp swim up to the Great Lakes, the largest fresh-water resource in the world, they could create an "ecological disaster" by consuming the bottom of the food chain and ruining the lakes' $7 billion fishery. (reuters.com)
  • While the Great Lakes are already home to 180 invasive species, the potential for the next invader to be an Asian carp is spurring both the provincial and federal governments into action. (cbc.ca)
  • The spectre of this species of carp - the biggest of which can reach 1.2 metres and 45 kilograms - making its way into the Great Lakes has scientists warning of dire consequences. (cbc.ca)
  • You might share with students this CBS News video about the fear of a carp invasion in the Great Lakes. (educationworld.com)
  • If proven successful, the technique could save money and time in the effort to keep the carp out of the Great Lakes, where the fish could grow unchecked and devour food supplies and habitat critical to native species. (eurekalert.org)
  • The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and the Ohio Department of Natural Resources monitor for--and are trying to prevent--the spread of grass, black, silver and bighead carp into the Great Lakes. (eurekalert.org)
  • To confirm whether grass carp caught in the Great Lakes can reproduce, conservation agents must have an eyeball or fresh blood taken from the species tested at federally run laboratories in Wisconsin or Louisiana. (eurekalert.org)
  • Krynak thought the cellular differences might be used to identify sterile grass carp from those that can reproduce, and therefore be used to monitor the species caught in the Great Lakes or rivers that feed them. (eurekalert.org)
  • A three-kilometer long wall of earth, 23 meters wide and as high as three and a half meters, could be all that stands between the Great Lakes and an invasion of Asian Carp. (voanews.com)
  • The berm will ultimately prevent the carp and more than 200 other invasive species from entering the Great Lakes, where they could wreck havoc on everything from the barge industry to commercial fishing. (voanews.com)
  • Wooley said if the technology works, it will be transferable to other regions and can help keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes. (go.com)
  • The anticipated three-day legal showdown begins Tuesday in federal court as attorneys from Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Minnesota will try to persuade U.S. District Judge Robert Dow that Asian carp pose such a grave threat to the Great Lakes that nothing short of an emergency shutdown of the system will stop them. (chicagotribune.com)
  • He said closing the locks, which open to regulate water levels and permit the passage of boats and ships, is perhaps the only way to keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes and protect its estimated $7 billion annual commercial and recreational fishing industry. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Asian carp, jolted by an electric current from a research boat, jump from the Illinois River near Havana, Ill. With this year's spending, the Obama administration will have devoted $200 million over four years to keep the Great Lakes carp-free. (dailyherald.com)
  • TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. -- A $50 million federal plan released Wednesday for keeping hungry Asian carp from reaching the valuable fish populations of the Great Lakes calls for reinforcing electrical and other barriers currently in place and for field-testing other methods, including the use of water guns and hormonal fish love potions. (dailyherald.com)
  • This strategy continues our aggressive effort to bolster our tools to keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes while we work toward a long-term solution," said John Goss of the White House Council on Environmental Quality, who oversees the anti-carp initiative. (dailyherald.com)
  • With this year's spending, the administration will have devoted $200 million over four years to keep the Great Lakes carp-free. (dailyherald.com)
  • Save the Great Lakes By Eating Asian Carp? (good.is)
  • If you haven't heard already, the Great Lakes are under assault by a "missile with fins," an invasive species otherwise known as the Asian Carp. (good.is)
  • DNA from silver carp, one of the Asian species threatening to invade the Great Lakes and compete with native fish for food, showed up in samples taken from a waterway called the North Shore Channel between June and September. (dailytribune.com)
  • control strategy that includes continuing aggressive monitoring to keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes, developing cutting edge control technologies, and refining the use of eDNA, said John Goss, who coordinates the Obama administration s Asian carp program through the White House Council on Environmental Quality. (dailytribune.com)
  • While federal officials contend the electric barrier and other measures to protect the Great Lakes from Asian carp are working well, critics say they re inadequate. (dailytribune.com)
  • Asian carp are knocking at the front door of the Great Lakes, and we cannot afford to wait on a federal government that fails to act, Schuette said. (dailytribune.com)
  • If Asian carp get into the Great Lakes and reproduce, they could outcompete local fish stocks of whitefish, perch, and minnows for plankton, the invaders' favorite meal. (nrdc.org)
  • Crews dump the toxic chemical rotenone in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal on Dec. 3 in a bid to keep the invasive Asian Carp from reaching the Great Lakes. (csmonitor.com)
  • The state of Michigan is asking the US Supreme Court to intervene to prevent Asian carp from further infesting a historic canal that connects the Mississippi River basin to the Great Lakes. (csmonitor.com)
  • Neighboring states say the huge carp, if they reach Lake Michigan, will destroy the ecosystem of the Great Lakes and, along with it, the lakes' $7 billion fishing and tourism industries. (csmonitor.com)
  • If the former decrees are not amended, Cox says, he will file a new case charging various state and federal agencies with allowing pollutants, namely the carp, to contaminate the Great Lakes system. (csmonitor.com)
  • Similar environmental DNA testing has stoked fears that Asian carp may soon enter the Great Lakes via a canal that runs through Chicago, damaging the lakes' $7 billion fishing industry. (toledoblade.com)
  • A crowd listens during a summit on the Great Lakes this month in Traverse City, Mich. Fishing and tourism interests fear Asian carp could devastate a Great Lakes economy already hurt by foreign invaders such as zebra mussels. (pressherald.com)
  • The silver carp could be an even more severe threat to the Great Lakes, endangering fisheries, ecosystems and even anglers," he said. (phys.org)
  • is a breath of fresh air for the Great Lakes, and I will continue to work with my colleagues to make sure that other species of Asian Carp are included on the list. (phys.org)
  • Fisheries experts fear that the invasive Asian carp may spread into the Great Lakes and elsewhere and outcompete native fish with its voracious appetite. (greatlakesecho.org)
  • One of the biggest battles is being fought against the spread of Asian carp in the Great Lakes. (takemefishing.org)
  • Scientists and fisheries managers also are using acoustic bubble barriers, chemical deterrents, nets, and electrofishing to monitor and stop the migration of asian carp in the Great Lakes. (takemefishing.org)
  • Why the big concerns of Asian carp in the Great Lakes? (takemefishing.org)
  • If Asian carp reach the Great Lakes the balance of the system may tip. (takemefishing.org)
  • If anglers find Asian carp in the Great Lakes, we'll just have to make "lemonade" out of the situation and try to make the most out of Asian carp fishing because in some places on the Mississippi river, they have become the dominant species. (takemefishing.org)
  • The Action Plan document details 60 high-priority strategic measures designed to manage the threat of four species of invasive Asian carp in the Great Lakes, the ACRCC said in a statement released today. (chestertontribune.com)
  • This Action Plan continues to show our unified resolve to keep Asian Carp from invading the Great Lakes, said Bill Bolen, EPA senior advisor and co-chair of the ACRCC. (chestertontribune.com)
  • Keeping Asian carp from establishing a population in the Great Lakes is a shared effort, said Col. Christopher Drew, commander, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Chicago District. (chestertontribune.com)
  • This year $17 million of Great Lakes Restoration Initiative funding, in addition to more than $25 million of federal agency base funding, will be used by partners to implement key projects and initiatives to safeguard the Great Lakes from invasive bighead, silver, grass and black carps, the ACRCC noted. (chestertontribune.com)
  • Each member of the ACRCC plays an important role in keeping Asian carp from becoming established in the Great Lakes, and the Illinois Department of Natural Resources was proud to lead efforts to remove over one million pounds of Asian carp from the upper Illinois River in 2016, said Illinois DNR Asian carp biologist Kevin Irons. (chestertontribune.com)
  • ANN ARBOR, MICH. - The fishing apparel brand RepYourWater and conservation organization National Wildlife Federation have announced a partnership to raise awareness of the threat that invasive Asian carp pose to the Great Lakes and their connected fisheries, as well as to mobilize anglers to support solutions to stop Asian carp from getting into the Great Lakes. (nwf.org)
  • We believe that now is a critical time to raise awareness nationally in the outdoor community about the threat of Asian Carp to the Great Lakes ecosystem. (nwf.org)
  • The partnership will include a collaboration on products - which may include fishing hats and stickers - specifically designed to increase awareness among anglers in the Great Lakes region about the threat of Asian carp. (nwf.org)
  • Additionally, sales of Great Lakes, Michigan, Ohio and Indiana-themed hunting and fishing apparel will help support the National Wildlife Federation's work to stop Asian carp in the Great Lakes region. (nwf.org)
  • We greatly appreciate the commitment and partnership of RepYourWater to Great Lakes conservation and stopping Asian carp," said Marc Smith, director of conservation partnerships with National Wildlife Federation. (nwf.org)
  • With so much to lose if Asian carp get into the Great Lakes and their connected waters, anglers are the critical voice our elected officials need to hear in support of solutions to stop Asian carp. (nwf.org)
  • The Great Lakes are under threat from an Asian carp invasion that could wipe out fishing stocks, and with it, the lakes' billion dollar fishery. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Fish have to pee and poop, too, and epithelial cells sloughed off from their bodies showed that Asian carp were in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship canal last month above an electrical barrier that was supposed to keep them out of the Great Lakes [ Detroit Free Press ]. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Joel Brammeier, acting president of the Alliance for the Great Lakes, said "this is an absolute emergency" [ The New York Times ], because if the carp move past the last lock, there will be no stopping them. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Since rivers and lakes are very different ecosystems , scientists can't say for sure how well the carp would survive if they make it to the Great Lakes. (discovermagazine.com)
  • A federal report released Monday proposes a $275 million array of technological and structural upgrades at a crucial site in Illinois to prevent invasive Asian carp from reaching the Great Lakes and its vulnerable fish populations. (news-herald.com)
  • Scientists say if the large, voracious carp become established in the Great Lakes, they could devastate the region's $7 billion fishing industry by crowding out native species. (news-herald.com)
  • The Army Corps report makes clear that it's time for serious preventative actions to keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes," said Howard Learner, executive director of the Chicago-based Environmental Law and Policy Center. (news-herald.com)
  • U.S. Sen. Debbie Stabenow says the area where an Asian carp was found for the first time beyond electric barriers meant to keep the voracious fish out of the Great Lakes should be poisoned. (wkar.org)
  • It is a stark reminder that the Asian carp infestation that has overwhelmed stretches of river in the Mississippi River basin and is now threatening the waters of the Great Lakes isn't going to go away anytime soon: The Illinois Department of Natural Resources has hired a Louisiana chef for a made-for-media event this week to demonstrate just how good these fish can be to eat. (twincities.com)
  • Illinois is in a protracted battle with its neighboring Great Lakes states over how to beat back the carp migrating up the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, a man-made link between the carp-infested Mississippi basin and Lake Michigan. (twincities.com)
  • The planned overfishing program of Asian carp will help protect these multibillion dollar industries in Illinois and the Great Lakes while protecting revenues and ensuring jobs. (twincities.com)
  • European carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) is a pest that adversely affects the health of our rivers and wetlands. (www.csiro.au)
  • A cross section from abdominal cavity of common carp, cyprinus carpio (26 dph). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In colloquial use, carp usually refers only to several larger cyprinid species such as Cyprinus carpio (common carp), Carassius carassius (Crucian carp), Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp), and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp). (wikipedia.org)
  • The common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is originally from Central Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyprinus carpio, the common carp, is a close relative of the goldfish, native to Eurasia. (nytimes.com)
  • Examination of common carp Cyprinus carpio , carrying implanted telemetry transmitters, showed that wound healing was incomplete after 4 months and completed after 1 year. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The most familiar species are the common carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) and the closely related goldfish ( Carassius aureus ). (jrank.org)
  • Fumonisin B1 Neurotoxicity in Young Carp (Cyprinus carpio L. (srce.hr)
  • Fumonisin B1 Neurotoxicity in Young Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 60 (4), 419-425. (srce.hr)
  • Kovačić S, Pepeljnjak S, Pertinec Z, Šegvić Klarić M. Fumonisin B1 Neurotoxicity in Young Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. (srce.hr)
  • Here we have reported chronic experimental toxicosis in one-year-old carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) receiving feed containing 100 mg kg-1 or 10 mg kg-1 of added FB1 for 42 days. (srce.hr)
  • The black carp ( Mylopharyngodon piceus ) or black Chinese roach is a species of cyprinid fish and the sole species of the genus Mylopharyngodon . (wikipedia.org)
  • The black carp can reach up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) in length and 35 kg (77 lb) in weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black carp, together with bighead, silver, and grass carps, make up the culturally important "four famous domestic fishes" used in polyculture in China for over a thousand years, and known as " Asian carp " in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black carp are not as widely distributed worldwide as the other three. (wikipedia.org)
  • In China, black carp are the most highly esteemed and expensive foodfish among the four domestic fishes, [3] and partly because of its diet and limited food supply, is the most scarce and expensive in the marketplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • No state allows the intentional release of black carp, sterile or otherwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the United States Geological Survey reports that more than 60 confirmed black carp have been caught in the Mississippi River basin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rivers where black carp have been captured also include the White in Arkansas, the Atchafalaya and Red in Louisiana, and the Kaskaskia and Illinois Rivers in Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • One confirmed escape of black carp from aquaculture has occurred on the Osage River in Missouri, but other escapes are likely, because most early captures were far from this location, in the southern Mississippi basin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black carp are considered to be a serious threat to mollusks native to the United States, many of which are critically endangered. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007, the black carp was listed as an "injurious species" under the Lacey Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • [7] It is thus illegal in most cases to transport live black carp, whether sterile or fertile, into the United States or across state lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • In states where legal, black carp can still be possessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2005. Black carp: biological synopsis and risk assessment of an introduced fish American Fisheries Society Special Publication 32. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species Profile- Black Carp (Asian Carp) ( Mylopharyngodon piceus ) , National Invasive Species Information Center, United States National Agricultural Library . (wikipedia.org)
  • Lists general information and reseources for black carp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black carp feed on mollusks and snails, consuming up to 20% of their body weight per day. (michigan.gov)
  • Black carp would compete with mollusk-eating native fish, including freshwater drum, redhorse species and the state threatened lake sturgeon, for limited food resources. (michigan.gov)
  • The invasive grass carp and black carp are artificially spawned to produce triploids, which means they have three sets of chromosomes and are sterile. (usgs.gov)
  • Black carp have likely been present in the Mississippi River since the 1990s, but their current distribution and spread is not well understood. (usgs.gov)
  • Silver Carp , Black Carp, Bighead Carp. (everything2.com)
  • Black carp eat mussels and snails, some of the most imperiled aquatic species in the U.S. Grass carp eat aquatic vegetation, altering habitats. (go.com)
  • Grass carp, black carp, bighead carp, and silver carp are native to Asia, and in North America are referred to as Asian carps. (fisheries.org)
  • The Asian "carp" are the bighead carp, silver carp, and black carp and are not related to the common carp . (takemefishing.org)
  • Asian carp include species of bighead, silver, grass and black carp. (nwf.org)
  • Expansion of bigheaded carps Hypophthalmichthys spp. (usgs.gov)
  • Populations of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp), (together referred to herein as "bigheaded carp") have increased exponentially in the greater Mississippi River Basin. (usgs.gov)
  • The largest silver carp ( Hypophthalmichthys molitrix ) on record weighed 110 pounds. (nytimes.com)
  • Five bighead carp ( Hypophthalmichthys nobilis ) and five silver carp ( Hypophthalmichthys molitrix ) from each site were collected for muscle tissue analyses. (springer.com)
  • Comparative studies on the feeding selectivity of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis . (springer.com)
  • The book is a detailed risk assessment and biological synopsis of the bigheaded carps of the genus Hypophthalmichthys, which includes the bighead, silver, and largescale silver carps. (fisheries.org)
  • Silver carp feed on plankton, a primary food for many native fish including walleye, yellow perch and lake whitefish. (michigan.gov)
  • The Carp eat plankton and thrash about in shallow waters. (everything2.com)
  • Carp feed on microscopic plant life -- algae and other plankton, for example -- that live on the bottom of lakes, ponds, and rivers. (educationworld.com)
  • Silver and bighead carp eat the plankton that serve as the primary food source for mussels, larval fish, and several adult fishes. (go.com)
  • The prolific carp devour vast amounts of plankton that would normally be eaten by juvenile native fish. (nytimes.com)
  • The coalition also says too much restoration money is being diverted to fighting Asian carp, which could endanger the region's $7 billion sport fishing industry by gobbling plankton and unraveling the food chain. (pressherald.com)
  • There is concern that if carp make it into Lake Michigan, they will gobble up the plankton that native fish feed on. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Asian carp are voracious eaters consuming more than 40 percent of their body weight per day in plankton," states the Illinois DNR's official description of the program. (twincities.com)
  • It was so quiet for a while," says Cudmore, who heads the Asian carp program for Fisheries and Oceans Canada. (thestar.com)
  • So together with provincial and federal fisheries biologists and policy-makers, emergency response experts are spending their Friday grappling with a scenario in which a truck importing live Asian carp slips past border officials at the Ambassador Bridge linking Detroit and Windsor. (cbc.ca)
  • Groups such as Wild Carp Companies, American Carp Society, and the Carp Anglers Group promote the sport and work with fisheries departments to organize events to introduce and expose others to the unique opportunity the carp offers freshwater anglers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides developing the methodology to maintain live specimens in the gene bank, the National Carp Breeding Program has been initiated in cooperation with all the key stakeholders in Hungary, namely the National Association of Fish Producers (HOSZ), the National Institute for Agricultural Quality Control (OMMI), and the Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation (HAKI). (repec.org)
  • For the foreseeable future, there is still an opportunity for virtually unlimited shooting and harvest of Asian carps by bowfishers, in many parts of the invaded range," said Duane Chapman , a research fisheries biologist for the United States Geological Survey. (nytimes.com)
  • Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp[by whom? (wikipedia.org)
  • Several species such as the various goldfish breeds and the domesticated common carp variety known as koi have been popular ornamental fishes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Explores the factors influencing recruitment and spread of Asian carps, considers current research on habitat requirements of bigheaded carps, analyzes data on diet overlap and potential competition between bigheaded carps and native fishes, and examines the use of pheromones as controls for Asian carps. (fisheries.org)
  • In addition to touring Europe and North America, The Carps have played with The Cool Kids, MIA, Holy Fuck, The Hives and Lupe Fiasco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elgin EL, Tunna HR, Jackson LJ (2014) First confirmed records of Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in open waters of North America. (springer.com)
  • Carp have also been released to freshwater habitats in North America , Australia , and New Zealand, both as a sport fish and as a commercial venture. (jrank.org)
  • Some state aquaculture laws require the carp to be bred as triploids , to render them sterile , thus minimizing the potential for the fish to escape and create self-sustaining populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carp are the backbone of a growing aquaculture industry. (waterstones.com)
  • There is a long history of carp aquaculture in the Far East, and these fish are also grown in parts of Europe . (jrank.org)
  • While doing her homework for a research paper, she found that Chinese scientists had discovered the shape of the nuclei in red blood cells of hybridized goldfish and Wuchang bream--members of the carp family-- looked different depending upon whether the fish had a pair or three or more chromosomes. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Prussian carp has been undetected in many European countries since it is morphologically indistinct from the long-established goldfish Carassius auratus . (springer.com)
  • Koi carp superficially resemble goldfish except they grow much bigger and have two pairs of whisker-like feelers, also called barbels, at the corner of their mouth. (doc.govt.nz)
  • Attorneys representing the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which operates the locks, argued the federal government has spent millions of dollars to monitor and stop Asian carp on their march up the Illinois River. (chicagotribune.com)
  • U.S. Rep. Marcy Kaptur, D-Toledo, in June helped spearhead the " Stop Asian Carp Now Act " legislation to force the administration to release the study. (news-herald.com)
  • Joyce was among the signees of the "Stop Asian Carp Now Act. (news-herald.com)
  • Grass carp is a fish traditionally used in Chinese food, though the fish has become plentiful in American waters, having been introduced to help eat weeds. (ehow.com)
  • If the show were ever cast, its star would have to take acting notes from Cudmore, because that is the role she's playing now: the explainer, understander and, ultimately, the slayer of Asian carp, an invasive species that has shown up in local waters. (thestar.com)
  • And more grass carp were being found in U.S. waters. (thestar.com)
  • Carp are not native to North American waters, but various carp species have been introduced here since the mid-1800s, much to the detriment of native fish. (usgs.gov)
  • Government emergency response experts simulated a spill of Asian carp into Ontario waters on Friday in Peterborough, Ont. (cbc.ca)
  • Studies suggest that Erie could be particularly vulnerable to a carp invasion because its shallow, warm waters are hospitable to fish. (dailyherald.com)
  • In Hungary, common carp has been traditionally cultured in earthen ponds since the late 19th century, following the sharp drop in catches from natural waters, due to the regulation of main river systems. (repec.org)
  • TRAVERSE CITY Another search for Asian carp will take place in Chicago-area waters next week following more discoveries of their genetic material close to Lake Michigan, officials said Tuesday. (dailytribune.com)
  • Only a few Asian carp have been caught in Minnesota and its border waters, and it's not clear if those catches were strays or a signal that the fish have established a permanent presence. (toledoblade.com)
  • It didn't take long to realize that bringing common carp to American waters was a mistake. (nytimes.com)
  • To catch carp in most waters you'll need some purpose-made tackle and bait. (fishpal.com)
  • The next step would be to determine whether the carp were doing their job, which is to eat the Eurasian watermilfoil that has fouled lake waters in recent years. (newstimes.com)
  • Using Asian carp as a healthy food source for food banks is a major step towards eradication of the fish in Illinois waters and protects the waterway shipping industry from forced closures of our locks and dam systems. (twincities.com)
  • This MAP Commercial Carp Keepnet is Angling Foundation approved and is specifically designed for commercial carp waters and housing big weights of F1s. (gooutdoors.co.uk)
  • Presently, there is no method to control dreissenid mussels (e.g., zebra or quagga) or Asian carp in aquatic systems without attempting total remediation of that system, resulting in the death of all fish and likely all mussels within that aquatic system. (usgs.gov)
  • Although the carp was an important aquatic food item, as more fish species have become readily available for the table, the importance of carp culture in Western Europe has diminished. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kentucky Aquatic Nuisance Species Program Director Ron Brooks said staff members have been catching and tagging both Asian carp and native species with transmitters ahead of the fish fence installation. (go.com)
  • The Illinois River and other waterways flowing into the Mississippi have become infested with invasive Asian fish species , commonly called silver carp, which can turn a leisurely ride on a johnboat into the aquatic version of the running of the bulls. (nytimes.com)
  • Asian carp aren't your average invaders-they grow quickly, eat aggressively, and easily adapt to different aquatic environments. (nrdc.org)
  • This guide from the FAO Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme provides information on farming Crucian carp. (thefishsite.com)
  • Carp mostly eat vegetable matter , but also feed on worms, crustaceans, aquatic insects , and smaller fish. (jrank.org)
  • Unfortunately, the release of carp into foreign aquatic ecosystems often causes intense ecological damage. (jrank.org)
  • New Zealand's freshwater ecosystems face a number of threats - pollution, deforestation, loss of habitat, changing land-uses, sedimentation and nutrient enrichment, and the impact of invasive aquatic animals and plants such as koi carp and rudd. (doc.govt.nz)
  • With its voracious appetite carp devours aquatic vegetation, insects and small crustaceans. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Researchers at Southern Illinois University estimated in 2012 that the Asian carp constituted 60 percent of all aquatic life in the Illinois River. (pjstar.com)
  • Silver carp, one species of Asian carp, are also notorious for leaping from the water and have injured boaters, anglers and water-skiers in many states. (chicagotribune.com)
  • By now most fly anglers have heard about the fantastic flats-style carp fishing found in northern Lake Michigan. (midcurrent.com)
  • This book is suitable for everyone interested in carp-from scholars to anglers. (waterstones.com)
  • Many carp anglers prefer to use 'semi-fixed' leads, especially for fishing at longer range. (fishpal.com)
  • Additionally, silver carp leap out of the water when disturbed by boat motors, creating a hazard for anglers and recreational boaters alike. (nwf.org)
  • Invasive Asian carp are problematic for native species, and managers are implementing control measures without well-quantified detection limits or a means to assess the accuracy and precision of existing or future survey data for the fish. (usgs.gov)
  • This page is all about the nutrition of Fish, carp, raw. (bellaonline.com)
  • Modeled on the koi, a decorative strain of carp popular in Japan, the remote-controlled white, red and gold robot can maneuver its way around a fish pond with a realistic flick of its tail. (redorbit.com)
  • The 80-cm (32-inch) carp can also use sensors in its mouth to monitor the concentration of oxygen in water, a key to fish health, said project leader Tetsuo Ichikizaki of Ryomei Giken, a subsidiary of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, in Hiroshima, western Japan. (redorbit.com)
  • Asian carp feed low on the food web, are fast growing, are low in fat in the filets, and are not usually bottom feeders - all properties of fish that are lower in contaminants. (usgs.gov)
  • For instructions on how to deal with the bones in Asian carp filets, see Flying Fish, Great Dish . (usgs.gov)
  • Illinois officials said a single Bighead carp, one of two prolific species of Asian carp viewed as a threat, had turned up in the huge fish kill that began overnight along 6 miles of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal southwest of the city. (reuters.com)
  • Most of the dead fish scooped up so far have been native carp and shad. (reuters.com)
  • Since 1990s floods allowed the carp to escape into rivers from research facilities and commercial fish ponds in the South, where they were introduced to clean away weeds and other detritus, the carp have multiplied and become a "nuisance species," according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (reuters.com)
  • Along some stretches of the Illinois River, the carp make up 95 percent of the biomass and they are considered poor for eating or as a game fish. (reuters.com)
  • Two electrical barriers in the canal were erected in 2002 and 2006 to shock any fish, particularly carp, that try to swim up the canal to Lake Michigan. (reuters.com)
  • To give themselves a window to complete the task and keep any carp at bay below the barrier, authorities dumped into the canal more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg) of the natural poison rotenone that prevents fish gills from absorbing oxygen. (reuters.com)
  • But the Asian carp is no ordinary fish, and so on Friday, a boardroom in the Peterborough offices of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) is being turned into a temporary war room of sorts. (cbc.ca)
  • The fish rise to the surface, where authorities can identify and scoop out the Asian carp in particular. (cbc.ca)
  • fish importer was fined $50,000 for driving a truckload of live Asian carp from the United States across the Windsor-Detroit border. (cbc.ca)
  • every guy I have seen fly fish for carp do it in rivers. (lake-link.com)
  • Carp are various species of oily freshwater fish from the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carp have long been an important food fish to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, carp are also classified as a rough fish, as well as damaging to naturalized exotic species, but with sporting qualities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carp have long suffered from a poor reputation in the United States as undesirable for angling or for the table, especially since they are typically an invasive species out-competing more desirable local game fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, many states' departments of natural resources are beginning to view the carp as an angling fish instead of a maligned pest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various species of carp have been domesticated and reared as food fish across Europe and Asia for thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the species carp is not there, add it to the list and explain that carp is a common name for various species of an freshwater fish, many of which are native to Europe and Asia. (educationworld.com)
  • Asian carp is a term used to define a variety of related freshwater fish. (educationworld.com)
  • Asian carp are not predators, so they are not going to feed on animals or other fish. (educationworld.com)
  • Although no live fish have been found yet in Lake Michigan, scientists have found Asian carp DNA there. (educationworld.com)
  • However, due to the sheer size of the carp, you do need to have sensible equipment in which to land these fish. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Rules and regulations vary at the numerous carp lakes in France and some allow you to fish with three rods, whereas others are four and night fishing is only allowed if the owner has a permit for this, so again it is always a good idea to check these points prior to booking. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Whether they came from fertile carp that were illegally or mistakenly brought into the area or originated from states such as Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Mississippi, which have permitted fertile fish since importation began in the 1960s, is unknown. (eurekalert.org)
  • Asian carp escaped from fish ponds in Arkansas in 1975 and quickly spread to 23 states , up and down the Mississippi River and its tributaries. (voanews.com)
  • Kentucky is piloting a new approach to stopping the spread of destructive Asian carp with a noise-making, bubbling 'fish fence. (go.com)
  • Kentucky officials are hoping a noise-making, bubbling "fish fence" will help stop the spread of destructive Asian carp. (go.com)
  • Also, the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources already had a fulltime crew there monitoring the Asian carp population. (go.com)
  • And in the winter of 2010, it processed 198 tons of frozen carp to send to Israel as gefilte fish, a delicacy particularly popular at Passover meals. (theatlantic.com)
  • And at the Passover seder that year, Israelis dined on carp from Illinois, as a president from Illinois enjoyed gefilte fish in the White House. (theatlantic.com)
  • Asian carp, which have steadily moved up the Illinois River toward Chicago since the 1990s, present a challenge for scientists and fish biologists. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The much-maligned carp were imported decades ago to clear algae from fish farms and sewage lagoons in the Deep South. (dailyherald.com)
  • In the meantime, federal officials say an electric fish barrier in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal 37 miles southwest of the city is keeping the carp at bay. (dailyherald.com)
  • Scientists also are developing ways to use pheromones -- chemicals secreted by fish to attract mates -- to lure Asian carp to where they could be netted or killed. (dailyherald.com)
  • One problem: this fish has a nasty reputation, and nobody wants to order up Asian Carp in a restaurant. (good.is)
  • Mass carp deaths create problems for local tourism, but can also de-oxygenate the water, putting native fish at risk. (abc.net.au)
  • Common carp is one of the most important cultured freshwater fish species in the world. (repec.org)
  • The fish take flight and the bowfisher aims, shoots and reels in a carp , which often weigh more than 15 pounds. (nytimes.com)
  • One of Brackett's strategies is to let the massive barges push the fish to the center of the current, then weave in, gently gunning the boat motor to drive the displaced carp into an airborne frenzy. (nytimes.com)
  • The Water Development Board (WDB) is implementing an embankment project along the Halda river causing severe damage to the natural breeding ground of carp fish. (thedailystar.net)
  • Some $50,000 worth of the fish -- a shy carp species that is bred to be sterile -- are scheduled to be stocked in the weediest regions of 5,400-acre Candlewood Lake in May. (newstimes.com)
  • We investigated differences in concentrations of selected elements in two invasive carp species as a function of sampling site, fish species, length and trophic differences using stable isotopes ( δ 15 N, δ 13 C). Fish were collected from three different sites, the Illinois River near Havana, Illinois, and two sites in the Mississippi River, upstream and downstream of the Illinois River confluence. (springer.com)
  • Back in the 1970s, fish farmers imported Asian carp to the southern United States to filter water on catfish farms. (nrdc.org)
  • A 2012 report published by researchers from Southern Illinois University found that in the lower 150 miles of the Illinois River, Asian carp now account for 60 percent of the fish biomass. (nrdc.org)
  • The fish on Whitledge's autopsy table turned out to be a fertile male silver carp that spawned in either the Mississippi or the Illinois River. (nrdc.org)
  • The discovery of the one Asian carp by the US Army Corps of Engineers , the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, and the Illinois Department of Natural Resources raised alarms in neighboring states because the fish has never before been found this far north. (csmonitor.com)
  • Biology and Ecology of Carp covers all these facets of this freshwater fish. (waterstones.com)
  • MINNEAPOLIS - Tests have found signs of Asian carp in the Mississippi River north of a key physical barrier keeping the invasive species of fish from spreading into many of the Minnesota's most popular lakes, officials said Thursday. (toledoblade.com)
  • Silver carp and another Asian species, bighead carp, have become well established farther south in the Mississippi and Illinois rivers since escaping from southern fish farms, probably around the late 1970s. (toledoblade.com)
  • Kelly Baerwaldt, an Asian carp program manager with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, said that study is looking into whether Asian carp DNA might be spread by fish-eating birds, or if it might come from dead jumping carp that get kicked off barges or from commercially caught fish that get turned into lawn fertilizer. (toledoblade.com)
  • DNR fish geneticist Loren Miller said it's "very unlikely" that the DNA is coming from other carp species. (toledoblade.com)
  • And that fish is a common carp, one of the oldest and most invasive fish on the planet. (nytimes.com)
  • You'll also want to weigh your carp, so buy scales that go up to at least twenty pounds, and a weigh-sling made of soft, fish-friendly material. (fishpal.com)
  • Among the goals is a "zero tolerance policy" toward future invasions by foreign species, including the Asian carp, a huge, ravenous fish that has overrun portions of the Mississippi River system and is threatening to enter Lake Michigan. (pressherald.com)
  • U.S. Rep. Rahm Emanuel, D-Ill., is praising the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for adding silver carp to its list of injurious species. (phys.org)
  • The researchers are fitting common carp, or "Judas fish," with transmitters to lead them to other, larger schools of common carp, the station reports. (greatlakesecho.org)
  • Each carp has a transmitter that was surgically inserted into the fish s stomach and an antenna several inches long coming out of its side. (newstimes.com)
  • The 48 fish, carrying surgically inserted radio transmitters, were released last summer to eat the milfoil and to help researchers understand carp behavior. (newstimes.com)
  • They joined 3,800 carp released in 2015 without trackers, and will be joined by another 4,450 more fish that will be released this summer. (newstimes.com)
  • Carp are fish species in the minnow family (Cyprinidae), one of the major groups of freshwater fish. (jrank.org)
  • The common carp is a hardy fish that can live and breed under difficult conditions. (jrank.org)
  • Of the fish species that have been reared successfully in captivity from egg to maturity, the carp has probably been one of the most successful on a commercial basis. (jrank.org)
  • This results from the physical disturbance caused by carp as they feed and spawn, as well as the intense competition and predation they can exert on native species of fish. (jrank.org)
  • As large, rapidly-reproducing filter feeders, Asian carp starve out native fish species - including popular sport fish. (nwf.org)
  • DOC and Northland Regional Council are working together in the battle against pest fish, koi carp and rudd, and need public assistance with surveillance. (doc.govt.nz)
  • To support this work, DOC and Northland Regional Council are seeking new reports of mysterious fish that could be koi carp or rudd. (doc.govt.nz)
  • When koi carp feed they stir up the bottom of ponds, lakes and rivers, muddying the water and destroying native plant and fish habitat. (doc.govt.nz)
  • Koi carp cause habitat loss for plants, native fish, invertebrates and waterfowl and degrade water quality. (doc.govt.nz)
  • Officials also say that recreational boating may be affected-the carp can grow up to 4 feet long and weigh up to 100 pounds, and the massive fish will occasionally leap up and strike boaters. (discovermagazine.com)
  • No one has actually spotted any carp on the far side of the underwater electric fence, but new tests let scientists detect the DNA of fish in a river or lake without actually seeing them. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Illinois officials see its eat-the-carp program as another tool to keep the fish out of Lake Michigan. (twincities.com)
  • The overfishing program for Asian carp will also provide an abundance of fish available to feed our fellow Illinoisans. (twincities.com)
  • Fish friendly commercial carp fishery rated keepnet. (gooutdoors.co.uk)
  • The Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee s (ACRCC) has announced the release of its Fiscal Year 2017 Action Plan. (chestertontribune.com)
  • In June 2017, a live silver carp was caught on the Lake Michigan side of the barriers, though, sparking renewed concerns about the effectiveness of the barriers in deterring Asian carp. (nwf.org)
  • Col. Vincent Quarles, commander of the Army Corps of Engineers' Chicago District, told the Free Press it remains unclear whether the increased voltage at the electric barrier would keep the carp at bay. (upi.com)
  • To keep the carp alive that long, you have to keep him in the tub. (idlewords.com)
  • An "all-out effort" is needed to keep the carp out of the lakes, but funding should come from elsewhere in the federal budget, the coalition said. (pressherald.com)
  • Hänfling B, Bolton P, Harlea M, Carvalho GR (2005) A molecular approach to detect hybridisation between crucian carp ( Carassius carassius ) and non-indigenous carp species ( Carassius spp . (springer.com)
  • The Obama administration made improving its network of barriers a primary focus of an updated blueprint for keeping bighead and silver carp from reaching the five inland seas, even as they continue infesting the Mississippi River and many of its tributaries. (dailyherald.com)
  • Whatever the outcome, the exercise is an example of how seriously authorities are taking the potential impacts of an Asian carp invasion. (cbc.ca)
  • But it is generally believed that carp need to spawn in swift-moving rivers. (educationworld.com)
  • Asian carp is a catch-all term for four species of invasive carp that have spread up the Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico as far as Wisconsin and into the Missouri and Ohio rivers and other smaller tributaries. (go.com)
  • Silver carp are hard to remove from the rivers. (nytimes.com)
  • Emanuel, in a statement Tuesday, said the rule finally recognizes the threat Asian Carp pose to lakes and rivers. (phys.org)
  • that has been identified as a potential link between the carp-infested Wabash River and the Maumee River, which flows into Lake Erie. (dailyherald.com)
  • France has become an extremely popular destination for the carp angler, especially with so many different carp lakes in France choose from and many that have carp in excess of 40lb to 50lb plus. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Traverse City is the perfect family vacation destination for the carp angler who wants to sneak in a couple of days of fishing. (midcurrent.com)
  • Chapman, D.C., 2020, "Modified Unified Method" of carp capture: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3005, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203005. (usgs.gov)
  • Also, many carp fishing lakes do not allow braid and the best option is monofilament line and we have found that Ultima PowerPlus is an excellent quality fishing line, yet a higher breaking strain line is needed when you are carp fishing in France compared to fishing most lakes in the UK. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Now bait is something that differs from lake to lake and in some French carp lakes they will only allow specific types of bait and it is necessary to check this before you go, for instance, tiger nuts or certain ground baits are not allowed. (streetdirectory.com)
  • It began with an invasive species-the Asian carp-threatening the waterways and lakes of the Midwest. (theatlantic.com)
  • Several independent studies have called for permanently separating the lakes from the carp-infested Mississippi River basin by putting structures in the Chicago waterways. (dailytribune.com)
  • Invasive Species Research Center have been searching for the most effective ways to remove common carp from lakes, ponds and marshes where they do the most damage. (nytimes.com)
  • During the spring spawning season, tens of thousands of adult carp migrate miles through lakes and streams to marshes where they were born. (nytimes.com)
  • In one, they dangled carp eggs attached to green yarn in different lakes. (nytimes.com)
  • Now that we have real information on costs, we can move on and receive input from stakeholders, whose livelihoods depend on us keeping the Asian carp out of the Lakes," Kaptur said. (news-herald.com)
  • Over the years, floods swept some of those hatchery carp into the Mississippi River basin. (educationworld.com)
  • Grass carp were first found in the Sandusky River, which flows into Lake Erie's western basin in 2012. (eurekalert.org)
  • Invasive Carp in the Mississippi River Basin. (springer.com)
  • Daněk T, Kalous L, Veselý T, Krásová E, Reschová S, Rylková K, Kulich P, Petrtýl M, Pokorová D, Knytl M (2012) Massive mortality of Prussian carp Carassius gibelio in the upper Elbe basin associated with herpesviral hematopoietic necrosis (CyHV-2). (springer.com)
  • This research is part of the Australian Government funded National Carp Control Plan , which is using scientific research and community consultation to inform evidence-based decision making on future carp control in Australia. (www.csiro.au)
  • First-Ever Fishing Tournament for Asian Carp Officials in Kentucky have organized a first-ever tournament, bringing together fishermen to hunt Asian Carp. (usatoday.com)
  • I want to take a shot next year at fishing carp. (lake-link.com)
  • Many years ago, the guy in charge of the fly fishing dept at Bob's Bait Shop used to guide for carp on the Bay. (lake-link.com)
  • It is the fastest growing angling market in the UK, and has spawned a number of specialised carp angling publications such as Carpology, Advanced carp fishing, Carpworld and Total Carp, and informative carp angling web sites, such as The Carp Plaice. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the cost for these and the all inclusive carp fishing packages can be considerably more expensive than making your own arrangements, but it can certainly save you a lot of hassle and keep the Wife happy! (streetdirectory.com)
  • then a carp fishing holiday in France is definitely for you! (streetdirectory.com)
  • Carp fishing is often referred to as brown-lining. (midcurrent.com)
  • The carp fishing is fantastic, and if they are challenging the smallmouth usually save the day. (midcurrent.com)
  • Kevin Morlock pioneered the carp fishing here and he and Steve know these islands and the often-tricky navigation. (midcurrent.com)
  • Fishing with two (or sometimes three) rods is the norm for carp, and it's better to have a matched outfit so you should budget for buying things in pairs if possible. (fishpal.com)
  • Carp fishing is often a waiting game, and you'll want to stay comparatively dry and comfortable. (fishpal.com)
  • Don't go carp fishing without these items. (fishpal.com)
  • You may have seen videos of asian carp fishing with them jumping when startled by boat motors. (takemefishing.org)
  • Thus, Asian carp fishing is tricky and there is not a lot of carp fishing tips. (takemefishing.org)
  • When trying to figure out how to catch asian carp, one method for Asian carp fishing is described in the informative article Carp Lemonade by Duane Chapman, Conservation Commission of Missouri . (takemefishing.org)
  • The Asian carp threat also continues to have a negative impact on Illinois' commercial and sport fishing industries and tourism and leads to revenue and job loss. (twincities.com)
  • Carp are also prolific reproducers, so their populations can increase quickly. (educationworld.com)
  • Large-scale netting in response to the tests did not find any silver carp, which Schlagenhaft said indicates any populations are very small and there's still time to keep them small. (toledoblade.com)
  • If the experiment shows how a common carp can "betray" other common carp locations, the same technique could be used in Asian carp populations to help exterminate them in the future, said Bill Hudson, the story's reporter. (greatlakesecho.org)
  • The immediate task is surveillance for koi carp and rudd in Northland, making sure we know where populations of these serious pests are. (doc.govt.nz)
  • It analyzes options for upgrading the Brandon Road Lock and Dam near Joliet , a complex on the Des Plaines River southwest of Chicago that is considered a bottleneck where defenses could be strengthened to prevent carp populations in the Mississippi River watershed from migrating into Lake Michigan. (news-herald.com)
  • Gila modesta es una especie de peces de la familia de los Cyprinidae en el orden de los Cypriniformes. (eol.org)
  • and the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kolar, C.S., and Morrison, S.S., 2016, USGS science and technology help managers battle invading Asian carp: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2016-3063, 4 p., http:/dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20163063. (usgs.gov)
  • The Asian Carp was brought to The States in the late 70's by Catfish farmers in the South East . (everything2.com)
  • Carp were brought into the United States in the 1970s to help control algae growth in self-contained catfish hatcheries. (educationworld.com)
  • This book discusses the biology, behavior and conservation strategies of both carp and catfish. (novapublishers.com)
  • A recently identified candidate biological control agent may one day keep carp numbers in check. (www.csiro.au)
  • Grass carp offer a biological way to control the problem since they continuously feed on the weeds and help to restore oxygen to the water. (gardenguides.com)
  • The release of Cyprinid herpes virus 3 could be used as a biological control agent for common carp. (abc.net.au)
  • Besides satisfying the needs of industry, the live gene bank helped to conserve the biological diversity of Hungarian carp landraces. (repec.org)
  • The tools and technologies we have developed are aimed at effectively informing and supporting Asian carp management strategies for preventing the spread of Asian carp in the nation s waterways. (chestertontribune.com)
  • In the last decades, the invasive Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio , has been detected in most of the European countries. (springer.com)
  • The biggest danger carp pose is that devour the bottom layers of the food chain. (educationworld.com)
  • Grass carp pose a number of threats because they eat soft-stem vegetation--the kinds of plants that dominate coastal marshes. (eurekalert.org)
  • Don't confuse young Asian carp with common Michigan species! (michigan.gov)
  • Although carp eradication measures have been active for over 100 years, long-established species, like the common carp, are present in almost every state. (usgs.gov)
  • It causes high death rates in common carp and in the ornamental koi carp. (www.csiro.au)
  • Sam Carter caught the week's best carp at Trefaldu Fishery when he landed a 15lb common from Willow Lake. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Overpopulation also has been a problem with the common carp, a bottom-feeder introduced in the United States by the government in the 1800s. (latimes.com)
  • Common carp production in Europe was 146,845 t in 2004 (FAO Fishstat Plus 2006). (repec.org)
  • Common carp production is concentrated mainly in Central and Eastern Europe. (repec.org)
  • Lessons from the breeding program on common carp in Hungary ," Working Papers , The WorldFish Center, number 38745, September. (repec.org)
  • Common carp are tolerant of poor water quality. (nytimes.com)
  • Last summer, the team implemented a comprehensive common carp control campaign, including year-round strategies that take advantage of the fish's life cycle. (nytimes.com)
  • In some it's very easy to control, and in some, it's very, very challenging," said Przemek Bajer , a common carp researcher leading the Whooshh team. (nytimes.com)
  • A small lake in Shoreview, Minn., where researchers have tested common carp control. (nytimes.com)
  • From late summer to the start of autumn, actively feeding common carp can also be made to fall for a classic bait and switch. (nytimes.com)
  • Common carp tissue reactions to surgically implanted radio tags w. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • University of Minnesota researchers are recruiting common carp to test a way to eliminate Asian carp, according to WCCO-TV . (greatlakesecho.org)
  • The body of the common carp is covered with large scales. (jrank.org)
  • The common carp is colored dull green-brown on the flanks, darkening on the back, and the underside may be golden-yellow. (jrank.org)
  • A number of domesticated varieties of common carp occur, including one that is scaleless. (jrank.org)
  • A Case Western Reserve University graduate student turned a research paper into a field test that quickly determines whether an Asian carp invading Lake Erie is sterile or can reproduce. (eurekalert.org)
  • Like its relatives, sterile grass carp have a noticeably larger proportion of red blood cells with abnormal nuclei. (eurekalert.org)
  • About 50 sterile grass carp with trackers were added to Candlewood Lake Wednesday morning, making it the first program of its kind in Connecticut. (newstimes.com)
  • Grass carp, the species Ctenopharyngodon idella , have been introduced throughout the Midwest and South to clear ponds choked with weeds. (eurekalert.org)
  • Two government farms in Yunnan Province raising freshwater grass carp Ctenopharyngodon Idellus experimented with aeration. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Several species of carp are considered invasive species in the United States, and, worldwide, large sums of money are spent on carp control. (wikipedia.org)
  • At least some species of carp are able to survive for months with practically no oxygen (for example under ice or in stagnant, scummy water) by metabolizing glycogen to form lactic acid which is then converted into ethanol and carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, ornamental koi carp fascinate hobby breeders. (waterstones.com)
  • A tract by Fan Li in the fifth century BC details many of the ways carp were raised in ponds. (wikipedia.org)
  • ponds around the country teem with troublesome carp, and trees in Florida bustle with Tarzan's monkeys. (latimes.com)
  • Food habits and growth of silver and bighead carp in cages and ponds. (springer.com)
  • Koi carp can often be observed during summer months in ponds and slow flowing water, active during the day swimming close to the water surface. (doc.govt.nz)
  • US - A bighead carp has been caught on the Minnesota River near New Ulm by a commercial angler. (thefishsite.com)
  • There was evidence of reproduction of grass carp - part of the Asian carp family - in the Sandusky River near Lake Erie. (thestar.com)
  • In the final days of summer, a grass carp was found in the Bay of Quinte and another in Lake Erie, near Point Pelee. (thestar.com)
  • Basically a whole bunch of federal stakeholders and state stakeholders and members in our community came together to try to figure out a way to separate the basins, to stop the carp that's exotic from Asia moving into Lake Erie. (voanews.com)
  • The negative effects of invasive Asian carp to the Nation's waterways are far reaching and have potential to expand and intensify. (usgs.gov)
  • The Asian carp program Cudmore heads includes assessing and inspecting high-risk waterways. (thestar.com)
  • The plan to determine whether a carp herpes virus is released into Australian waterways will not be reviewed by the Federal Government until at least October this year, around nine months after it was originally expected to be published. (abc.net.au)
  • It will then have an accident, spilling its load of live carp into the river, which leads into Lake St. Clair. (cbc.ca)
  • Critics note that dozens of water samples taken beyond the barrier have tested positive for Asian carp DNA, although just one live carp has been found there. (dailyherald.com)
  • The Army Corps of Engineers put an electric barrier in the canal to prevent carp from making their way into Lake Michigan, but it is not known if that will be enough to stop them. (educationworld.com)
  • In collaboration with partners, USGS scientists are testing early detection methods and technologies to enhance the ability of agencies to manage Asian carp to minimize their influence and spread. (usgs.gov)
  • WARC scientists invented an early ploidy prediction process for produced fry, and a post-mortem assessment method for carp caught either in the wild or sold and hauled live to other states. (usgs.gov)
  • CSIRO scientists are undertaking rigorous tests to determine the safety and suitability of the candidate biocontrol agent -- Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 -- (CyHV-3) in managing European carp numbers in Australia. (www.csiro.au)
  • Our scientists are currently investigating a highly specific viral disease called cyprinid herpesvirus-3 , also known as koi herpesvirus (KHV), to help manage carp numbers in Australia. (www.csiro.au)
  • Notre Dame University scientists recently detected carp DNA on the lake side of the barriers, which could indicate the carp have already passed them and the effort is either too little or too late. (reuters.com)
  • Scientists arent sure if Lake Michigan is an ideal habitat for carp. (educationworld.com)
  • This module provides the same functions as Carp, but modifies the behavior of 'carp()' and 'croak()' if called inside a POE event handler. (metacpan.org)
  • The research also confirmed expectations about carp behavior, including that they move the most in the first 10 days after being released, that they travel more when disturbed and that they like to cluster in groups. (newstimes.com)
  • Through exchange programs fifteen foreign carp strains were added to the collection from Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Southeast Asia (Bakos and Gorda 2001). (repec.org)
  • Strains of tilapia and carp that show faster growth rates and improved FCRs been developed by WorldFish this year. (thefishsite.com)
  • In addition to the two carp found in Tommy Thompson Park in July , one was found at Jordan Harbour in St. Catharines in August and another three in the Toronto Island harbour in September. (thestar.com)
  • A carp that went missing from Romsey World of Water has been found after several weeks and reunited with his friend, Steve the Sturgeon. (itv.com)
  • Just one actual carp has been found beyond an electric barrier 37 miles from the city designed to halt their advance. (dailytribune.com)
  • Soon, the carp found their way to the Mississippi River and its tributaries. (nrdc.org)
  • Testing for environmental DNA, or genetic material from a living organism found in the wider environment, had previously found indications of silver carp in the Mississippi downstream from the Ford Dam between Minneapolis and St. Paul, and in the St. Croix River between Minnesota and Wisconsin. (toledoblade.com)
  • Few live Asian carp have been found in the canal, and Schlagenhaft said a study under way in the Chicago area may provide insights into other potential sources of the DNA. (toledoblade.com)
  • No comments were found for China: Carp yields double with aeration . (environmental-expert.com)
  • On Friday, officials from the Army Corps of Engineers reported that genetic material from the carp had been found for the first time in a nearby river beyond an elaborate barrier system, which has cost millions of dollars and was meant to block their passage [ The New York Times ]. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The carp DNA was found as close as eight miles south of Lake Michigan and one mile south of the last shipping lock. (discovermagazine.com)
  • In June, a live Asian carp was found in a Chicago waterway nine miles from Lake Michigan. (news-herald.com)
  • USGS also has extensive capabilities in Asian carp biology and life history research that have led to development of models, tools and strategies to better understand the risk of Asian carp establishment and survival. (usgs.gov)
  • This book examines the history, biology, and status of Asian carps, and reviews current research on control measures. (fisheries.org)
  • One risk assessment tool is the Fluvial Egg Drift Simulator that incorporates egg and larval temperature-dependent development rates for Bighead, Silver and Grass carp with water temperature and flow conditions to predict where Asian carp are likely to spawn and where eggs and larvae will likely be located after a spawning event. (usgs.gov)
  • That way, they might be alive and ready to dine when carps show up to spawn during the spring thaw. (nytimes.com)
  • Much progress has been made in the development and refinement of Asian carp detection and control tools and in the understanding of the food and habitat required for Asian carp reproduction and survival," said Leon Carl, Midwest Region Director of the U.S. Geological Survey. (dailyherald.com)