Carnobacteriaceae: A family of gram-positive, lactic acid-producing bacteria in the order Lactobacillales. It includes both high-pressure-loving species (piezophiles) found in the deep ocean, and Antarctic species.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Lactobacillales: An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, that have the ability to ferment sugars to lactic acid. They are widespread in nature and commonly used to produce fermented foods.Proton Pump Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE. They are used as ANTI-ULCER AGENTS and sometimes in place of HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS for GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.Streptococcaceae: A family of gram-positive non-sporing bacteria including many parasitic, pathogenic, and saprophytic forms.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Microbiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tResearch Support, U.S. GovernmentResearch Support, American Recovery and Reinvestment ActResearch Support, N.I.H., ExtramuralSilage: Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).Methane: The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Bartonellaceae: A family of small gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are parasites of erythrocytes in man and other vertebrates and the etiologic agents of several diseases.Sphingomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria characterized by an outer membrane that contains glycosphingolipids but lacks lipopolysaccharide. They have the ability to degrade a broad range of substituted aromatic compounds.Alphaproteobacteria: A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.Sphingomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative, asporogenous rods or ovoid cells, aerobic or facultative anaerobic chemoorganotrophs. They are commonly isolated from SOIL, activated sludge, or marine environments.Bartonellaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family BARTONELLACEAE.Proteobacteria: A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.Caulobacter: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod- or vibroid-shaped or fusiform bacteria that commonly produce a stalk. They are found in fresh water and soil and divide by binary transverse fission.Micrococcaceae: A family of bacteria ranging from free living and saprophytic to parasitic and pathogenic forms.Micrococcus: A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.Gram-Positive Cocci: Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Avihepadnavirus: A genus of HEPADNAVIRIDAE infecting birds but rarely causing clinical problems. Transmission is predominantly vertical. HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK is the type species.Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Norwalk virus: The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.Hepatitis B Virus, Duck: A DNA virus that closely resembles human hepatitis B virus. It has been recovered from naturally infected ducks.Bacillales: An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, phylum Firmicutes.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Bacillus anthracis: A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.Anthrax: An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.Bacillus subtilis: A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.Forkhead Transcription Factors: A subclass of winged helix DNA-binding proteins that share homology with their founding member fork head protein, Drosophila.

Use of groESL as a target for identification of Abiotrophia, Granulicatella, and Gemella species. (1/11)

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Clonal analysis of the microbiota of severe early childhood caries. (2/11)

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Vertebral osteomyelitis associated with Granulicatella adiacens. (3/11)

Granulicatella adiacens is a nutritionally variant streptococci. Only 3 cases of vertebral osteomyelitis due to these microorganisms have been reported. We experienced a 73-year-old male who consulted us due to fever and back pain of about 1-month duration. On examination, a presystolic murmur was heard in the apical region. Echocardiography showed prolapse of the mitral valve, but no vegetation was observed. MRI revealed osteomyelitis of lumbar vertebrae. As G. adiacens was detected in blood culture, it was determined as the cause of vertebral osteomyelitis, and combination antibiotics therapy was started. The condition improved, the patient underwent valvoplasty, and no trace of infective endocarditis was noted in the resected valve. All the previous cases had infection caused by G. adiacens and complicated with infective endocarditis. This is the first case without infective endocarditis. Vertebral osteomyelitis due to NVS is very rare. Since nutritionally variant streptococci do not grow in common culture media, and since the sensitivity of isolation by standard conventional biochemical methods is low, the condition may be misdiagnosed as blood-culture-negative vertebral osteomyelitis. Therefore, the possibility of nutritionally variant streptococci infection should be considered if a patient with vertebral osteomyelitis shows a positive Gram stain but negative blood cultures.  (+info)

1,3-Propanediol production from glycerol by a newly isolated Trichococcus strain. (4/11)

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Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Trichococcus populations dominate the microbial community within urban sewer infrastructure. (5/11)

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Endocarditis caused by nutritionally variant streptococci: a case report and literature review. (6/11)

Infective endocarditis (IE) due to Abiotrophia and Granulicatella species, previously referred to as nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS), occurs rarely and is often associated with negative blood cultures. Rates of treatment failure, infection relapse and mortality are higher than those of endocarditis caused by other viridans streptococci. We report a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens in a young man with no risk factors, who was successfully treated with surgery and combination antimicrobial chemotherapy, and provide a literature review of endocarditis attributable to these rare species of fastidious gram-positive cocci which have proven exceedingly difficult to treat, with high rates of relapse and therapeutic failure despite in vitro effective antibiotic treatment regimens. Analysis of literature revealed a high prevalence (61%) of valvular heart predisposing conditions associated with endocarditis caused by NVS, such as congenital valvular heart disease or heart valve prosthesis. On the other hand, 39% of cases showed no evidence of risk factors. Combination antimicrobial chemotherapy with penicillin and gentamicin represents the antimicrobial treatment of choice in the management of patients with IE attributable to NVS. Heart valve replacement surgery should be considered in cases of hemodynamic derangement due to significant valve destruction.  (+info)

Occurrence and evolution of the paralogous zinc metalloproteases IgA1 protease, ZmpB, ZmpC, and ZmpD in Streptococcus pneumoniae and related commensal species. (7/11)

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Bacterial diversity in the saliva of patients with different oral hygiene indexes. (8/11)

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*Carnobacteriaceae

The Carnobacteriaceae are a family of Gram-positive lactic acid bacteria. "Carnobacteriaceae". Taxonomy Browser. NCBI. ...

*Bavariicoccus

E. V. Pikuta (2014). "Section II: The family Carnobacteriaceae". In Holzapfel, W. H.; Wood, B. J. B. Lactic acid bacteria : ... Bacterial taxonomists have suggested that Bavariicoccus may be more appropriately placed within the family Carnobacteriaceae. ...

*Carnobacterium

... is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria within the family Carnobacteriaceae. C. divergens and C. maltaromaticum are ...

*Desemzia

... is a bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one known species (Desemzia incerta). Parte, A.C. " ...

*Atopococcus

... is a Gram-positive, non-spore-forming and non-motile bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one ...

*Alkalibacter

... strictly anaerobic and non-motile bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one known species (Alkalibacter ...

*Dolosigranulum

... facultatively anaerobic and non-motile bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one known species ( ...

*Allofustis

... facultatively anaerobic and non-spore-forming bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one known species ( ...
Atopococcus is a Gram-positive, non-spore-forming and non-motile bacterial genus from the family of Carnobacteriaceae, with one known species (Atopococcus tabaci). Parte, A.C. "Atopococcus". www.bacterio.net. "Atopococcus". www.uniprot.org. Lawson, Paul A. (1 January 2015). "Atopococcus". Bergeys Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.gbm00591. Collins, M. D. (1 July 2005). "Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from tobacco". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (4): 1693-1696. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63618-0. PMID 16014503 ...
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 9999 06588 161 5, BmAToo^ Boston Water and Sewer Commission A Tl^adition of Service ■f^M W^ g:^m:: I :,it.M;;s^* --^-fev? rsi?,««?^,-.;t Message from Chairman lye ,GOyE«ffM[^i ,;, : ...-,., ....„„ ^f^i ^ JUL TheBoston Water and Sewer Commission was established nine years ago by the State Legisjature " • " • •*,,,ikV to assume ownership and responsibility for maintenance and operation of water and sewer ser^esto Boston residents, visitors, businesses and institutions. At present, the Commission is providing the City of Boston with some of the purest water in the nation and is meeting the challenge of properly utilizing a wastewater disposal system that is over 1 00 years old. This annual report documents the Commissions impressive record of achievement. We have repaired and upgraded substantial portions of the water and sewer infrastructure, installed a modern metering system, improved stability of financial operations, and begun the long battle to end ...
LOPARDO, Horacio A.. Abiotrophia and Granulicatella. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2006, vol.38, n.3, pp. 164-182. ISSN 1851-7617.. The nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS) belong to two genera: Abiotrophia and Granulicatella. NVS grow in culture media with 0.001% pyridoxal hydrochloride (PHC) and 0.1% cysteine hydrochloride (CysHC). These bacteria need the help of other organisms to grow on common solid media showing the effect known as "satellitism". Both, satellitism and the pyrrolidonilarilamidase test are the key tests for suspecting the presence of NVS. They can grow as a faint haze on blood agar or chocolate agar prepared with the Columbia agar base without adding any other substance. The most frequently documented infections are endocarditis. Among extravascular infections, ocular infections predominate. For antimicrobial susceptibility testing, the Etest and dilution methods with the addition of 0.001% PHC can be used. Whichever the method there does not seem to be much ...
United Utilities in Northern England, meanwhile, are looking to see if analytics can help predict the most likely places for blockages in the sewer infrastructure to prioritize maintenance and prevent sudden discharge problems. Leaks can be easier to detect and repair in some ways: sudden discharges are often caused by less-easily-tracked problems like accumulating leaves. It is also conducting a project with the University of Exeter to better understand water consumption patterns by gathering data from customers at 15 minute intervals. United serves 7 million customers with 42,000 kilometers of water mains and 184 reservoirs, among other assets ...
In investigating influenza in an immunodeficient child in China, in December 2010, we found that the influenza virus showed high sequence identity to that of swine. Serologic evidence indicated that viral persistence in pigs was the source of infection. Continued surveillance of pigs and systemic analysis of swine influenza isolates are needed.
The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3-year-old Lithuanian children. The impact of selected behavioral risk factors on the development of S-ECC was investigated. Material and methods. A total of 950 children were examined in kindergartens. Diagnosis of dental caries followed the WHO criteria. Questionnaires were delivered to mothers of the children with S-ECC and caries-free children. The questions were related to the childrens dietary habits, temperament, oral hygiene, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Results. The prevalence of ECC was 50.6% with a mean dmft of 2.1 (SD, 0.1) and a mean dmfs of 3.4 (SD, 0.2). The prevalence of S-ECC was 6.5% with a mean dmft of 7.8 (SD, 0.1) and dmfs of 18.1 (SD, 0.6). A significantly higher percentage of children developed S-ECC when they were breast-fed for a period longer than one year, were sleeping with a bottle containing carbohydrates
Abstract The paper presents the principle of a method to measure infiltration rates in sewer systems based on the use of oxygen isotopes and its application in Lyon (France). Investigations in the urban area of Lyon benefit from the isotopic differences between underground waters originating from the two rivers Rhône and Saône and from their associated alluvial aquifers. The oxygen isotopic composition of the Rhône water is roughly 3 ‰ lighter than that of the Saône river, due to the large differences in the mean altitude and topographic situation of their catchments. Large amounts of water are pumped from the Rhône aquifer for drinking water supply. As a consequence, this difference in the oxygen isotopic composition between wastewater and local groundwater can be used to evaluate infiltration in sewers in some parts of the city. The results obtained in a case study allow to evaluate the reliability and the uncertainties of this method. ...
The Bay Areas worst-polluting sewer agencies are spilling less sewage into San Francisco Bay, thanks to Baykeepers Sick of Sewage campaign.. Sewage pollution has been one of the most serious threats to the Bays health due to crumbling Bay Area sewer infrastructure. During the rainy season, millions of gallons of partially treated and raw sewage have spilled directly into the Bay or into storm drains, creeks, rivers, and sloughs that empty into the Bay.. But now, Baykeepers legal actions have compelled sewage agencies serving 20 Bay Area cities to make upgrades and repairs to stop sewage spills. We have legally-binding agreements requiring these sewer systems to replace miles of cracked pipes, boost inspections, and improve their infrastructure, on a year-by-year timetable.. Baykeeper recently reviewed these sewer agencies progress in 2012, and several are ahead of their required timetables for making upgrades. One agency, serving South San Francisco, has fixed its sewage pollution problem ...
The non-hematologic malignancies included esophageal cancer (2) and bladder cancer (1). Seven patients (54%) were neutropenic (defined as Absolute Neutrophil Count , 1500 cells/uL) with an average duration of 14 days. The median age was 60 years. There was no gender predilection. Seven patients had mucositis at the time of diagnosis either due to chemotherapy or graft versus host disease. One patient had gingivitis with a dental abscess. None of the patients developed infective endocarditis. Most patients were on empiric antimicrobial therapy with ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin or piperacillin/tazobactam at the time of breakthrough bacteremia. Almost all patients received vancomycin as definitive treatment. All the patients had transient bacteremia with an average duration of positive blood cultures of 1 day. The 30-day mortality rate was 16.67%. Mortality was not attributable to NVS bacteremia ...
2) Microbiology Unit which provides microbiologic support for culture of aerobic and anaerobic species, biochemical characterizations, continuous chemostat/fermenter analyses, metabolite phenotyping of short chain fatty acids (SCFA), and has access to a large strain repository of human and animal commensal species and pathogens, including genetically tenable strains and systems developed by the unit ...
Every mammal on the planet is colonized with E. coli ( 1 ), as well as cold-blooded animals (e.g., fish) at an appropriately warm temperature ( 2 ). We estimate there are 1021 E. coli cells in the human population alone. E. coli is frequently the first bacterium to colonize human infants and is a lifelong colonizer of adults ( 3 ). E. coli is arguably the best understood of all model organisms ( 4 ). Yet the essence of how E. coli colonizes and/or causes disease is still not completely understood. Certainly, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and bacterial cell-to-cell communication play important roles in modulating the populations of the 500-1000 different commensal species in the intestine ( 5 - 11 ); however, these topics will not be a focus of this chapter. We have reviewed the mucus layer as habitat for E. coli to colonize the intestine, aspects of E. coli physiology that enable its success, and the model systems employed for colonization research ( 12 - 14 ). Here, we focus on E. coli metabolism
Valentich-Scott, P.; OFoighil, D. Li, J. 2013: Wheres Waldo? A new commensal species, Waldo arthuri (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Galeommatidae), from the northeastern Pacific Ocean. ZooKeys, 316: 67-80. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.316.4256 ...
Historically, the genera Staphylococcus and Micrococcus were placed together with the genera Stomatococcusand Planococcus in the family Micrococcaceae containing grampositive, catalase-positive cocci. An unrelated species of gram-positive cocci exhibiting positive catalase reaction and occurring in human specimens is Alloiococcus otitis, the only species of this genus, which is a member of the Carnobacteriaceae family belonging to the order Lactobacillales. In this chapter, the term
Severe caries may necessitate rehabilitative dental surgery. In Manitoba, demand for pediatric dental surgery increased from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. These data may help in identifying regions where oral health promotion is needed.
The genus Neisseria contains many species. Most of them are part of the normal flora of humans and animals; only two are human pathogens: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes a sexually transmitted disease of the same name, and Neisseria meningitidis, which causes meningitis. These pathogens often behave like their related commensal cousins in that they establish asymptomatic infection at high frequency. This commensal-like trait was likely inherited by the pathogens as they evolved from commensal species. Supporting this idea is the observation that many N. gonorrhoeae and N. meningiditis genes that mediate pathogen interactions with their hosts are also in the commensals. A major goal of our lab is to determine how commensal and pathogenic Neisseria differentially regulate these host interaction genes, and how these regulatory events might affect their lifecycle in the host.. Another goal of our lab is to use our new mouse model for Neisseria colonization, persistence, and asymptomatic ...
Find out where and when you can watch Lanima gemella on TV or online and get the best prices for DVDs of the movie. Read our full synopsis and find details about cast and crew.
Connection to public sanitary sewer. The connection of the building sewer into the public sanitary sewer shall be made at the Y-branch if such branch is available at a suitable location. If the public sanitary sewer is 12 inches in diameter or less and no properly located Y-branch is available, the owner shall, at his expense, install a Y-branch in the public sanitary sewer at the location specified by the Village. Where the public sanitary sewer is greater than 12 inches in diameter and no properly located Y-branch is available, a neat hole may be cut into the public sanitary sewer to receive the building sewer, with entry in the downstream direction at an angle of about 45°. A forty-five-degree ell may be used to make such connection, with the spigot end cut so as not to extend past the inner surface of the public sanitary sewer. The invert of the building sewer at the high point of connection shall be at the same elevation as or higher than the invert of the public sanitary sewer. A smooth, ...
Connection to public sanitary sewer. The connection of the building sewer into the public sanitary sewer shall be made at the Y-branch if such branch is available at a suitable location. If the public sanitary sewer is 12 inches in diameter or less and no properly located Y-branch is available, the owner shall, at his expense, install a Y-branch in the public sanitary sewer at the location specified by the Village. Where the public sanitary sewer is greater than 12 inches in diameter and no properly located Y-branch is available, a neat hole may be cut into the public sanitary sewer to receive the building sewer, with entry in the downstream direction at an angle of about 45°. A forty-five-degree ell may be used to make such connection, with the spigot end cut so as not to extend past the inner surface of the public sanitary sewer. The invert of the building sewer at the high point of connection shall be at the same elevation as or higher than the invert of the public sanitary sewer. A smooth, ...
Looking for Oral Hygiene Index? Find out information about Oral Hygiene Index. of a book or periodical, a list, nearly always alphabetical, of the topics treated. This list is usually at the back of a book, and the table of contents is... Explanation of Oral Hygiene Index
Dentmed Research Seminar Series Malin Collin, PhD-student (Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function) Title: Prediction of temporomandibular joint involvement in juvenile idiopathic arthritis Main supervisor: Britt Hedenberg-Magnusson Ida Brännemo, PhD-student (Pedodontics) Title: A telephone-based case-management intervention for caries prevention in children with severe early childhood caries Main supervisor: Georgios Tsilingaridis
How can sewer backups be reduced or eliminated? The best way to prevent these kinds of problems is to get regular sewer maintenance and inspection done every year. Click here to learn more about sewer inspection and maintenance plans. Q: How Do Roots Get Into A Sewer Pipe?. A: Tree roots growing inside sewer pipes is generally the most expensive sewer maintenance item experienced by city residents. Roots from trees growing on private property and on boulevards throughout the city can cause flooded basements and damaged sewer pipes. Click here to read more about roots in sewers, how to handle them and how to prevent them! Q: Why do I need a Video Sewer Inspection?. A: Its important to get a video sewer inspection when you have your sewers serviced. Sewer pipes run underground and the only way to really know what the condition is like is to run our camera system down inside and check it out directly. You should also beware of sewer companies that dont use video inspection! We have seen incidents ...
Cheltenham Township began an eight-year program to conduct a community-wide evaluation of its sanitary sewer system the week of January 30, 2017. Starting in the Cheltenham Village and Glenside neighborhoods, the evaluation will include televising all Township-owned sanitary sewer mains, plus cleaning and joint repairs where indicated. The goal is to identify and eliminate sources of extraneous water entering the system, which is nearly 100 years old in sections. This excess water strains the capacity of the sanitary sewer system, which increases the costs for this vital service and can cause sewer overflows that damage property and the environment ...
Exclusive and handmade coasters in sets of 4. Anima Gemella means Soulmate in Italian and is the heart of tranquility on the dining table . Comes
Probiotics are derived from traditional fermented foods, from beneficial commensals or from the environment. They act through diverse mechanisms affecting the composition or function of the commensal microbiota and by altering host epithelial and immunological responses. Certain probiotic interventions have shown promise in selected clinical conditions where aberrant microbiota have been reported, such as atopic dermatitis, necrotising enterocolitis, pouchitis and possibly irritable bowel syndrome. However, no studies have been conducted that can causally link clinical improvements to probiotic-induced microbiota changes. Whether a disease-prone microbiota pattern can be remodelled to a more robust, resilient and disease-free state by probiotic administration remains a key unanswered question. Progress in this area will be facilitated by: optimising strain, dose and product formulations, including protective commensal species; matching these formulations with selectively responsive ...
Our laboratory is interested in identifying specific examples of immunomodulatory interactions between commensals and the host as well as the underlying mechanisms. In order to study the effects of individual members of the gut microbiota on immune homeostasis in vivo, we are studying germ-free animals colonized with defined bacterial species. Using this system, we recently showed that different components of the intestinal microbiota regulate the balance between pro-inflammatory Th17 cells and regulatory T cells (Treg) in the small intestinal lamina propria. Th17 cells, which provide protection from extracellular pathogens at mucosal surfaces and are important mediators of pathogenicity in multiple models of autoimmune inflammation, were induced by certain components of the gut microbiota. We identified segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB) as one of these components. SFB-mediated induction of Th17 cells represents an example of a commensal species that specifically induces an effector T cell ...
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To remove tree roots from sewer lines and prevent new growth there are several options such as chemical and mechanical solutions that treat the problems in and around the pipes, as well as more...
Pneumococci display large zinc metalloproteinases on the surface, including the IgA protease, which cleaves human IgA1 in the hinge region, the ZmpC proteinase, which cleaves human matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), and two other proteinases, ZmpB and ZmpD, whose substrates have not yet been identified. Surface metalloproteinases are antigenic and have been linked to virulence. The genes encoding these proteinases reside in three distinct loci: two loci specific for zmpB and zmpC, and a third, the iga locus, containing iga and zmpD. Data obtained by this and other groups have shown that pneumococcal metalloproteinase genes are transcribed and yield mature and enzymatically active proteins. Since the presence of the four proteinase genes is variable in the pneumococcal strains whose genomes have been sequenced, the presence of these genes in a collection of 218 pneumococcal isolates, mostly from invasive disease, was investigated. The data showed that zmpB and iga were present in all the isolates
Most of the sewer system, with the exception of the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer Districts main interceptor sewers, is owned by the City of Highland Heights and maintained by the County Sanitary Engineers office.
Most of the sewer system, with the exception of the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer Districts main interceptor sewers, is owned by the City of Highland Heights and maintained by the County Sanitary Engineers office.
Mom, yesterday I brought home a whole kit of equipment for inspecting pipes and such and ran an inspection camera with color-TV-display through the whole sewer system of our house. I realize sewers are not the ordinary topic of polite conversation, and some would not feel particularly interested in them, but it was really interesting to inspect the inside of the sewer by remote camera, see where the new piece had been out in five years ago, and very satisfying to notice that there were no significant chokes or blockages through the whole length down to the citys connector ...
Severe early childhood caries (ECC), while strongly associated with Streptococcus mutans using selective detection (culture, PCR), has also been associated with a widely diverse microbiota using molecular cloning approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiota of severe ECC using anaerobic culture. The microbial composition of dental plaque from 42 severe ECC children was compared with that of 40 caries-free children. Bacterial samples were cultured anaerobically on blood and acid (pH 5) agars. Isolates were purified, and partial sequences for the 16S rRNA gene were obtained from 5,608 isolates. Sequence-based analysis of the 16S rRNA isolate libraries from blood and acid agars of severe ECC and caries-free children had ,90% population coverage, with greater diversity occurring in the blood isolate library. Isolate sequences were compared with taxon sequences in the Human Oral Microbiome Database (HOMD), and 198 HOMD taxa were identified, including 45 previously uncultivated ...
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Results for sewer monitoring from leading brands for monitoring and testing. Compare and contact a supplier near you on (monitoring and testing) - Environmental XPRT
New data suggests that Pittsburgh sewer overflows may be 15 percent greater than prior estimates, which were based on data from 2003. A new report from the
Most bands started life in the pub or at art-school or something. But The Real Tuesday Weld started life in a sewer. Yes, thats right, in a sewer.. If you want to know more, check out this [...] ...

Lactobacillales - WikispeciesLactobacillales - Wikispecies

Familiae: Aerococcaceae - Carnobacteriaceae - Enterococcaceae - Lactobacillaceae - Leuconostocaceae - Streptococcaceae. Genera ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Lactobacillales

Carnobacteriaceae - WikipediaCarnobacteriaceae - Wikipedia

The Carnobacteriaceae are a family of Gram-positive lactic acid bacteria. "Carnobacteriaceae". Taxonomy Browser. NCBI. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnobacteriaceae

Frontiers | Insights into Broilers Gut Microbiota Fed with Phosphorus, Calcium, and Phytase Supplemented Diets | MicrobiologyFrontiers | Insights into Broilers' Gut Microbiota Fed with Phosphorus, Calcium, and Phytase Supplemented Diets | Microbiology

Abbreviations in the graph represent each family: ANAE, Anaeroplasmataceae; BURK, Burkholderiaceae; CARN, Carnobacteriaceae; ... Carnobacteriaceae; CLOS IV, Clostridiales incertae sedis IV; CLOS XI, Clostridiales incertae sedis XI; ERYS, ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.02033/full

UniProt: U5SEG7 9LACTUniProt: U5SEG7 9LACT

OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Lactobacillales; Carnobacteriaceae; OC Carnobacterium. OX NCBI_TaxID=1266845 {ECO:0000313, ...
more infohttps://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?uniprot:U5SEG7_9LACT

CAZy - BacteriaCAZy - Bacteria

Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Lactobacillales; Carnobacteriaceae; ...
more infohttp://www.cazy.org/b2876.html

Bavariicoccus - WikipediaBavariicoccus - Wikipedia

E. V. Pikuta (2014). "Section II: The family Carnobacteriaceae". In Holzapfel, W. H.; Wood, B. J. B. Lactic acid bacteria : ... Bacterial taxonomists have suggested that Bavariicoccus may be more appropriately placed within the family Carnobacteriaceae. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavariicoccus

Identification of natural antimicrobial peptides from bacteria through metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of high...Identification of natural antimicrobial peptides from bacteria through metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of high...

Anti-microbial peptides (AMPs), naturally encoded by genes and generally containing 12-100 amino acids, are crucial components of the innate immune system and can protect the host from various pathogenic bacteria and viruses. In recent years, the widespread use of antibiotics has resulted in the rapid growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms that often induce critical infection and pathogenesis. Recently, the advent of high-throughput technologies has led molecular biology into a data surge in both the amount and scope of data. For instance, next-generation sequencing technology has been applied to generate large-scale sequencing reads from foods, water, soil, air, and specimens to identify microbiota and their functions based on metagenomics and metatranscriptomics, respectively. In addition, oolong tea is partially fermented and is the most widely produced tea in Taiwan. Many studies have shown the benefits of oolong tea in inhibiting obesity, reducing dental plaque deposition, antagonizing
more infohttps://bmcsystbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12918-017-0503-4

Classification of bacteria - sponsored by Ribocon GmbHClassification of bacteria - sponsored by Ribocon GmbH

Family Carnobacteriaceae Agitococcus Alkalibacterium Allofustis Alloiococcus Atopobacter Atopococcus Atopostipes Carnobacterium ...
more infohttp://www.bacterio.net/-classifphyla.html

JGI GOLD | ProjectJGI GOLD | Project

Comparative genomics of ten Carnobacterium species type strains plus two new Carnobacterium species isolated from Siberian permafrost and capable of growth at low pressure ...
more infohttps://gold.jgi.doe.gov/project?id=42578

JGI GOLD | ProjectJGI GOLD | Project

Carnobacterium maltaromaticum is a non starter lactic acid bacterium (NSLAB) frequently colonizing food products, i.e. meat, sea and dairy food. This psychrophilic bacterium can grow at temperature as low as 2-4?C in meat and cheese. The beneficial effect of this bacterium on ripened soft cheese allowed to propose this bacterium as adjunct cultures for soft and semihard cheese technologies. C. maltaromaticum has been extensively studied as protective cultures, and some strains are thus able to inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes by producing bacteriocins. For these reasons, C. maltaromaticum is Generally Recognized As Safe in the USA and is considered as a microorganism with technological beneficial use in EU ...
more infohttps://gold.jgi.doe.gov/project?id=35184

Code System ConceptCode System Concept

Family Carnobacteriaceae (organism) {409843002 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) Genus Agitococcus (organism) { ...
more infohttps://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewCodeSystemConcept.action?oid=2.16.840.1.113883.6.96&code=409843002

Humans differ in their personal microbial cloud [PeerJ]Humans differ in their personal microbial cloud [PeerJ]

Carnobacteriaceae, Dietziaceae, Aerococcaceae, and Tissierellaceae. Thus we didnt rarefy the second dataset, but rather ... Carnobacteriaceae, Dietziaceae, Aerococcaceae, and Tissierellaceae). These are hereafter referred to as "targeted OTUs." ...
more infohttps://peerj.com/articles/1258/

Culture-based study on the development of antibiotic resistance in a biological wastewater system treating stepwise increasing...Culture-based study on the development of antibiotic resistance in a biological wastewater system treating stepwise increasing...

The effects of streptomycin (STM) on the development of antibiotic resistance in an aerobic-biofilm reactor was explored by stepwise increases in STM doses (0-50 mg L−1), over a period of 618 days. Totally 191 bacterial isolates affiliated with 90 different species were harvested from the reactor exposed to six STM exposures. Gammaproteobacteria (20-31.8%), Bacilli (20-35.7%), Betaproteobacteria (4.5-21%) and Actinobacteria (0-18.2%) were dominant, and their diversity was not affected over the whole period. Thirteen dominant isolates from each STM exposures (78 isolates) were applied to determine their resistance prevalence against eight classes of antibiotics. Increased STM resistance (53.8-69.2%) and multi-drug resistance (MDR) (46.2-61.5%) were observed in the STM exposures (0.1-50 mg L−1), compared to exposure without STM (15.3 and 0%, respectively). Based on their variable minimum inhibitory concentration results, 40 differentiated isolates from various STM exposures were selected to check the
more infohttps://amb-express.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13568-018-0539-x

Code System ConceptCode System Concept

Family Carnobacteriaceae (organism) {409843002 , SNOMED-CT } Download Relationships Other Relationships No other relationships ...
more infohttps://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewCodeSystemConcept.action?oid=2.16.840.1.113883.6.96&code=426795006

Proton pump inhibitors alter the composition of the gut microbiota | GutProton pump inhibitors alter the composition of the gut microbiota | Gut

... and the families Carnobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Burkholderiaceae, and Corynebacteriaceae. All belonged to the order ...
more infohttps://gut.bmj.com/content/65/5/749

Proton pump inhibitors alter the composition of the gut microbiota | GutProton pump inhibitors alter the composition of the gut microbiota | Gut

... and the families Carnobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Burkholderiaceae, and Corynebacteriaceae. All belonged to the order ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/65/5/749?ijkey=df4a62bd27ca42444fe9506ba1b980ddd8daab4d&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Standards in Genomic Sciences | ArticlesStandards in Genomic Sciences | Articles

Carnobacterium inhibens K1T is a member of the Carnobacteriaceae ... Authors: Wayne L. Nicholson, Christina L. Davis, Nicole ...
more infohttps://standardsingenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles?searchType=journalSearch&sort=PubDate&page=4

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Carnobacteriaceae) (Enterococcaceae) (Lactobacillaceae) (Leuconostocaceae) (Streptococcaceae) **** ???? ???? G+C ( ...
more infohttp://www.eps.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~seicoro/bio/bacteria.html

Human genetics shape the gut microbiome.  - PubMed - NCBIHuman genetics shape the gut microbiome. - PubMed - NCBI

Carnobacteriaceae, (j) Clostridiaceae, (k) Erysipelotrichaceae, (l) Eubacteriaceae, (m) Lachnospiraceae, (n) Lactobacillaceae ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25417156?access_num=25417156&link_type=MED&dopt=Abstract

Frontiers | Adaptation of Methanogenic Inocula to Anaerobic Digestion of Maize Silage | MicrobiologyFrontiers | Adaptation of Methanogenic Inocula to Anaerobic Digestion of Maize Silage | Microbiology

... followed by families Carnobacteriaceae (12%), Porphyromonadaceae (11%), Campylobacteriaceae (8%), Moraxellaceae (7%), Family XI ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01881/full

JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and ProtocolsJoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols

... the Family Aerococcaceae and Carnobacteriaceae, as well as the Genus Abiotrophia and Granulicatella were associated with ...
more infohttps://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Cheng-Zhi+Xu

JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and ProtocolsJoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols

... the Family Aerococcaceae and Carnobacteriaceae, as well as the Genus Abiotrophia and Granulicatella were associated with ...
more infohttps://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Lei%20Cheng%20
  • Though very different in composition, both showed an increase of the family Carnobacteriaceae and genus Granulicatella suggesting that orally ingested bacteria may directly modulate the gut community thus affecting systemic health. (eurekalert.org)
  • Arrows indicate the OTUs that mainly drive the microbial community separation: OTU 01 (unclassified Carnobacteriaceae genus, Firmicutes) and OTU 04 ( Lactobacillus , Firmicutes), OTU 08 (unclassified Mycoplasmataceae genus, Tenericutes), and OTU 10 ( Helicobacter , Proteobacteria). (nih.gov)