Carmovirus: A genus in the family TOMBUSVIRIDAE mostly found in temperate regions. Some species infecting legumes (FABACEAE) are reported from tropical areas. Most viruses are soil-borne, but some are transmitted by the fungus Olpidium radicale and others by beetles. Carnation mottle virus is the type species.Pelargonium: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. The common name of geranium is also used for the GERANIUM genus.Hibiscus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Tombusvirus: A genus of plant viruses that infects ANGIOSPERMS. Transmission occurs mechanically and through soil, with one species transmitted via a fungal vector. The type species is Tomato bushy stunt virus.RNA Replicase: An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksClassification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Red Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Vanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.NebraskaPlants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.RNA, Satellite: Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)Comovirus: A genus of plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE in which the bipartite genome is encapsidated in separate icosahedral particles. Mosaic and mottle symptoms are characteristic, and transmission is exclusively by leaf-feeding beetles. Cowpea mosaic virus is the type species.Bromovirus: A genus of tripartite plant viruses in the family BROMOVIRIDAE. Transmission is by beetles. Brome mosaic virus is the type species.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Mosaic Viruses: Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Carlavirus: A genus of RNA plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, containing slightly flexuous filaments, often transmitted by aphids in a non-persistent manner. Carnation latent virus is the type species.Chenopodium: A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.Orchidaceae: A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.Potyvirus: A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.Dianthus: A plant genus of the family CARYOPHYLLACEAE. Members contain dianthins, which are ribosome inactivating proteins.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.DNA Helicases: Proteins that catalyze the unwinding of duplex DNA during replication by binding cooperatively to single-stranded regions of DNA or to short regions of duplex DNA that are undergoing transient opening. In addition DNA helicases are DNA-dependent ATPases that harness the free energy of ATP hydrolysis to translocate DNA strands.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.DNA Replication: The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.Madagascar: One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)Phagosomes: Membrane-bound cytoplasmic vesicles formed by invagination of phagocytized material. They fuse with lysosomes to form phagolysosomes in which the hydrolytic enzymes of the lysosome digest the phagocytized material.Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Nobel PrizeAutophagy: The segregation and degradation of damaged or unwanted cytoplasmic constituents by autophagic vacuoles (cytolysosomes) composed of LYSOSOMES containing cellular components in the process of digestion; it plays an important role in BIOLOGICAL METAMORPHOSIS of amphibians, in the removal of bone by osteoclasts, and in the degradation of normal cell components in nutritional deficiency states.Martial Arts: Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases: A diverse class of enzymes that interact with UBIQUITIN-CONJUGATING ENZYMES and ubiquitination-specific protein substrates. Each member of this enzyme group has its own distinct specificity for a substrate and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. Ubiquitin-protein ligases exist as both monomeric proteins multiprotein complexes.Aminoacyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an aminoacyl group from donor to acceptor resulting in the formation of an ester or amide linkage. EC 2.3.2.

In vivo detection, RNA-binding properties and characterization of the RNA-binding domain of the p7 putative movement protein from carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV). (1/132)

Biochemical and structural characterization studies on the p7 putative movement protein from a Spanish isolate of carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV) have been conducted. The CarMV p7 gene was fused to a sequence coding for a six-histidine tag and expressed in bacteria, allowing the purification of CarMV p7 and the production of a specific antiserum. This antiserum led to the immunological identification of CarMV p7 in infected leaf tissue from the experimental host Chenopodium quinoa. Putative nucleic acid-binding properties of the CarMV p7 have been explored and demonstrated with both electrophoretic mobility shift and RNA-protein blot in vitro assays using digoxigenin-labeled riboprobes. CarMV p7 did not show preferential binding to any of the different regions of the CarMV genomic RNA tested, suggesting that RNA binding was sequence nonspecific. Quantitative analyses of the data allowed calculation of the apparent dissociation constant of the p7-RNA complex (Kd approximately 0.7 microM) and supported a cooperative type of binding. A small 19-amino-acid synthetic peptide whose sequence corresponds to the putative RNA-binding domain of CarMV p7, at the basic central part of the protein, was synthesized, and it was demonstrated that it binds viral RNA probes. Peptide RNA binding was as stable as p7 binding, although data indicated it was not cooperative, thus suggesting that this cooperative binding requires another motif or motifs within the p7 amino acid sequence. The peptide could be induced to fold into an alpha-helix structure in which amino acids that are conserved among carmovirus p7-like proteins are distributed on one side. This alpha-helix motif could define a new and previously uncharacterized RNA-binding domain for plant virus movement proteins.  (+info)

Mutational analyses of the putative calcium binding site and hinge of the turnip crinkle virus coat protein. (2/132)

The turnip crinkle carmovirus (TCV) coat protein (CP) is folded into R (RNA-binding), S (shell), and P (protruding) domains. The S domain is an eight-stranded beta barrel common to the coat protein subunits of most RNA viruses. A five-amino-acid hinge connects the S and P domains. In assembled particles, each pair of CP subunits is thought to bind a single calcium ion through interactions with three residues of one subunit and two residues of a neighboring subunit. These five residues comprise the putative calcium-binding site (CBS). The putative CBS and hinge are adjacent to one another. Mutations were introduced into the putative CBS or hinge in an effort to further determine the biological functions of TCV CP. One putative CBS mutant, TCV-M32, exhibited wild-type cell-to-cell movement but failed to move systemically in Nicotiana benthamiana, and particles were not detected. Another putative CBS mutant, TCV-M23, exhibited deficient cell-to-cell movement but particles accumulated in isolated protoplasts. Two other putative CBS mutants, TCV-M22 and -M33, showed wild-type cell-to-cell and systemic movement but elicited mild systemic symptoms that were somewhat delayed. All of the hinge mutants exhibited wild-type movement but some elicited non-wild-type symptoms. Point mutations in the putative CBS or hinge appear to alter virus-ion interactions, secondary structure, or particle conformation, thereby affecting interactions between the CP and plant hosts.  (+info)

RNA elements required for RNA recombination function as replication enhancers in vitro and in vivo in a plus-strand RNA virus. (3/132)

RNA replication requires cis-acting elements to recruit the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and facilitate de novo initiation of complementary strand synthesis. Hairpins that are hot spots for recombination in the genomic RNA of turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and satellite (sat)-RNA C, a parasitic RNA associated with TCV infections, stimulate RNA synthesis 10-fold from a downstream promoter sequence in an in vitro assay using partially purified TCV RdRp. Artificial hairpins had an inhibitory effect on transcription. RNA accumulation in single cells was enhanced 5- to 10-fold when the natural stem-loop structures were inserted into a poorly accumulating sat-RNA. The effect of the stem-loop structures on RNA replication was additive, with insertion of three stem-loop RNA elements increasing sat-RNA accumulation to the greatest extent (25-fold). These stem-loop structures do not influence the stability of the RNAs in vivo, but may serve to recruit the RdRp to the template.  (+info)

Cap-independent translational enhancement of turnip crinkle virus genomic and subgenomic RNAs. (4/132)

The presence of translational control elements and cap structures has not been carefully investigated for members of the Carmovirus genus, a group of small icosahedral plant viruses with positive-sense RNA genomes. In this study, we examined both the 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of the turnip crinkle carmovirus (TCV) genomic RNA (4 kb) as well as the 5' UTR of the coat protein subgenomic RNA (1.45 kb) for their roles in translational regulation. All three UTRs enhanced translation of the firefly luciferase reporter gene to different extents. Optimal translational efficiency was achieved when mRNAs contained both 5' and 3' UTRs. The synergistic effect due to the 5'-3' cooperation was at least fourfold greater than the sum of the contributions of the individual UTRs. The observed translational enhancement of TCV mRNAs occurred in a cap-independent manner, a result consistent with the demonstration, using a cap-specific antibody, that the 5' end of the TCV genomic RNA was uncapped. Finally, the translational enhancement activity within the 5' UTR of 1.45-kb subgenomic RNA was shown to be important for the translation of coat protein in protoplasts and for virulent infection in Arabidopsis plants.  (+info)

Analysis of cis-acting sequences involved in plus-strand synthesis of a turnip crinkle virus-associated satellite RNA identifies a new carmovirus replication element. (5/132)

Satellite RNA C (satC) is a 356-base subviral RNA associated with turnip crinkle virus (TCV). A 3'-proximal element (3'-UCCCAAAGUAU) located 11 bases from the 3' terminus of satC minus strands can function as an independent promoter in an in vitro RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) transcription system. Furthermore, in the absence of a 5'-proximal element, the 3'-proximal element is required for complementary strand synthesis in vitro. Site-directed mutagenesis was conducted to investigate the functional significance of this element and the 3' minus-strand terminal sequence "3'-OH-CCCUAU," which contains the minus-strand 3'-end sequence "3'-OH-CC(1-2)(A/U)(A/U)(A/U)" found in all carmovirus RNAs. Single mutations in the 3'-terminal sequence, which we have named the carmovirus consensus sequence (CCS), suppressed satC plus-strand synthesis to undetectable levels in protoplasts while still permitting some minus-strand synthesis. However, single and multiple mutations introduced into the 3'-proximal element had little or no effect on satC accumulation in protoplasts. In vivo genetic selection (SELEX) of the minus-strand 3'-terminal 21 bases revealed that all satC species accumulating in plants contained the 3' CCS. In addition, the 3'-proximal element preferentially contained a sequence similar to the CCS and/or polypurines, suggesting that this element may also contribute to accumulation of satC in vivo.  (+info)

Requirement of a 5'-proximal linear sequence on minus strands for plus-strand synthesis of a satellite RNA associated with turnip crinkle virus. (6/132)

Viral RNA replication begins with specific recognition of cis-acting RNA elements by the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and/or associated host factors. A short RNA element (3'-AACCCCUGGGAGGC) located 41 bases from the 5' end of minus strands of satellite RNA C (satC), a 356-base subviral RNA naturally associated with turnip crinkle virus (TCV), was previously identified as important for plus-strand synthesis using an in vitro RdRp assay (H. Guan, C. Song, A. E. Simon, 1997, RNA 3, 1401-1412). To examine the functional significance of this element in RNA replication, mutations were introduced into the consecutive C residues in the element. A single mutation of the 3'-most C residue resulted in undetectable levels of satC plus strands when transcripts were assayed in protoplasts and suppressed transcription directed by the element in vitro. However, satC minus strands were detectable at 6 h postinoculation (hpi) of protoplasts, accumulating to about 10% of wild-type levels at 24 hpi. This mutation, when in the plus-sense orientation, had little or no effect on minus-strand synthesis from full-length satC plus strands in vitro, suggesting that the 5'-proximal RNA element is required for satC plus-strand synthesis. In addition, in vivo genetic selection revealed a strict requirement for 10 of the 14 nucleotides of the element, indicating that the primary sequence is essential for RNA accumulation.  (+info)

Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus, a new member of the genus Carmovirus: evidence for the presence and expression of two novel open reading frames. (7/132)

The complete nucleotide sequence of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) was determined. The genomic RNA (gRNA) is 3,911 nucleotides long and has the potential to encode seven viral proteins in the order of 28 (p28), 23 (p23), 81 (p81), 8 (p8), 9 (p9), 38 (p38), and 25 (p25) kDa. Excluding two unique open reading frames (ORFs) encoding p23 and p25, the ORFs encode proteins with high amino acid similarity to those of carmoviruses. In addition to gRNA, two 3'-coterminated subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) species were identified. Full-length cDNA clones derived from gRNA and sgRNA were constructed under the control of a T7 promoter. Both capped and uncapped transcripts derived from the full-length genomic cDNA clone were infectious. In vitro translation and mutagenesis assays confirmed that all the predicted ORFs except the ORF encoding p8 are translatable, and the two novel ORFs (those encoding p23 and p25) may be functionally indispensable for the viral infection cycle. Based on virion morphology and genome organization, we propose that HCRSV be classified as a new member of the genus Carmovirus in family Tombusviridae.  (+info)

Members of the Arabidopsis HRT/RPP8 family of resistance genes confer resistance to both viral and oomycete pathogens. (8/132)

Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) inoculation onto TCV-resistant Arabidopsis leads to a hypersensitive response (HR) controlled by the dominant gene HRT. HRT is a member of the class of resistance (R) genes that contain a leucine zipper, a nucleotide binding site, and leucine-rich repeats. The chromosomal position of HRT and its homology to resistance gene RPP8 and two RPP8 homologs indicate that unequal crossing over and gene conversion may have contributed to HRT evolution. RPP8 confers resistance to an oomycete pathogen, Peronospora parasitica. Despite very strong similarities within the HRT/RPP8 family, HRT and RPP8 are specific for the respective pathogens they detect. Hence, the HRT/RPP8 family provides molecular evidence that sequence changes between closely related members of multigene families can generate novel specificities for radically different pathogens. Transgenic plants expressing HRT developed an HR but generally remained susceptible to TCV because of a second gene, RRT, that regulates resistance to TCV. However, several transgenic plants that overexpressed HRT produced micro-HRs or no HR when inoculated with TCV and were resistant to infection. Expression of the TCV coat protein gene in seedlings containing HRT resulted in massive necrosis and death, indicating that the avirulence factor detected by the HRT-encoded protein is the TCV coat protein.  (+info)

Virology Highlights features highlighted articles published in Virology, with posts summarizing the research in the authors words.
During my current pregnancy, Ive asked my OB lots of questions about my T-shaped uterus. Surprisingly, he has been pretty unconcerned. During the first few weeks of ultrasounds, the tech always was confused since the T-shape threw her off a little bit. But, when I hit 13 weeks, they couldnt tell I had a t-shape anymore. They said that it usually stretches to the point of looking like other "normal" ones at that point. I went on to prod the doctor with more questions and he said that, in his experience, more women have T-shapes than people know about. Usually its not even discovered until the end of the pregnancy if they need a C-Section...and they go in and find out that the T-shape was there all along. Why dont these women know sooner if at all? Because typically you dont get ultrasounds until around the 12-13 week mark and by then its stretched out and they cant tell. He said as they do more ultrasounds earlier, they discover more and more women with this anomaly and its not from drug ...
During my current pregnancy, Ive asked my OB lots of questions about my T-shaped uterus. Surprisingly, he has been pretty unconcerned. During the first few weeks of ultrasounds, the tech always was confused since the T-shape threw her off a little bit. But, when I hit 13 weeks, they couldnt tell I had a t-shape anymore. They said that it usually stretches to the point of looking like other "normal" ones at that point. I went on to prod the doctor with more questions and he said that, in his experience, more women have T-shapes than people know about. Usually its not even discovered until the end of the pregnancy if they need a C-Section...and they go in and find out that the T-shape was there all along. Why dont these women know sooner if at all? Because typically you dont get ultrasounds until around the 12-13 week mark and by then its stretched out and they cant tell. He said as they do more ultrasounds earlier, they discover more and more women with this anomaly and its not from drug ...
摘要 2003年於彰化蘭花栽培園區中於蝴蝶蘭上從葉部出現黃化斑點(chlorotic spot) 之病徵的植株發以及在葉片上產生黃化輪紋 (chlorotic ring) 病徵的植株分別發現新的病毒,分別屬於 Potyvirus 屬的蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒 (Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus, PhCSV) 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主要是因為缺乏具專一性及靈敏度檢測的工具來進行病毒的檢測。因此,為了落實無病毒苗的觀念,因此製備對此兩種病毒具專一性的血清,希望本實驗所生產的血清能夠在業者及檢測單位進行病毒的檢測時貢獻一份力量。利用PhCSV ...
Your braided hibiscus is a tropical hibiscus and can be grown outdoors during the spring and summer and then overwintered indoors during the coldest months of the year. Hibiscus grows indoors all year around, too. Hibiscus are tropical plants that need light and, perhaps more importantly, warmth to thrive. They prefer moderate heat and to continue blooming must have a few hours of direct sunshine every day. Place your plant near a bright South or West facing window. Hibiscus like water but do not let it stand with wet feet. The soil needs to dry up between waterings to protect from root rot. Make certain no excess water remains in the planter half an hour after watering. For prolific flowering, hibiscus must have regular feedings every week during the growth period, March-October. Half strength water soluble formulas can be used with every watering. I usually water 9 times with fertilizer and then flush with clean water the tenth time. This will prevent salt buildup in the pot. Never fertilize ...
Cowpea mottle virus ATCC ® PVAS-518™ Designation: Mokwa [Cowpea Mottle Carmovirus Antiserum] Application: Test animal used: rabbit Plant research
Shop Staples Spring-Fill Crinkle Cut Shred, Lime Green at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of Staples Spring-Fill Crinkle Cut Shred, Lime Green and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
crinkle skin. crinkle cotton fabric - ShopStyle Canada. Revitol Skin Brightener Cream is your safe, herbal-based solution for a beautiful, glowing complexion.
I would like to make my kitties one of those sacks that crinkle but dont know what the crinkle material is made out of. If anyone knows what it is made of out...
REDUCES HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. High blood pressure is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and should be treated on time. Luckily, hibiscus can reduce the blood pressure and the risk of serious cardiovascular diseases. According to studies, hibiscus tea can prevent the development of high blood pressure and reduce up to 35% of the bad (LDL) cholesterol in your blood. The studies have shown that it can reduce the level of triglycerides by 19% with regular consumption in less than a year.. RELIEVES ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION. Hibiscus tea has a soothing effect on the nervous system and can significantly reduce the symptoms of anxiety and depression.. PROMOTES WEIGHT LOSS. One of the main benefits of hibiscus is its ability to boost the metabolism promote weight loss. It is a powerful diuretic which can prevent fluid retention in the body and eliminate toxins from the blood. AN EXCELLENT DIABETES REMEDY. Studies have shown that hibiscus tea can also regulate the blood sugar levels and ...
Our experienced Africa travel experts can create awesome tailor-made safaris to Hibiscus Coast. Call us to arrange your perfect Hibiscus Coast safari vacation or to book a superb Hibiscus Coast safari holiday.
There is growing appreciation that small, non-coding RNAs can participate in gene regulation. Can small RNAs inhibit DNA-binding proteins? We have developed an artificial example by performing in vitro genetic selection experiments identifying a small RNA aptamer that competitively inhibits human transcription factor NF-kappaB binding to DNA in vitro. Optimization by yeast in vivo genetic selections resulted in an RNA that inhibits NF-kappaB in living yeast cells. We have solved the X-ray co-crystal structure of this unusual RNA/NF-I ...
LeuO is a dual transcriptional regulator that regulates genes involved in leucine biosynthesis [1, 15], genes involved in the utilization of certain β-glucosides [5, 7] and genes encoding LuxR-type transcription factors [14] It is also involved in the bacterial stringent response [16]. LeuO is one of the transcription factors that counteracts H-NS-mediated repression of specific loci [1, 5, 7, 17, 18] Overproduction of LeuO causes the phenotype Bgl+, since LeuO can unsilence the bglGFB operon, which is silenced (phenotypically Bgl ) under laboratory conditions [7] LeuO is part of the RpoS/H-NS/Hfq/LeuO/DsrA RNA regulatory cascade that controls the bglGFH operon [5]and translation of rpoS, particularly at low temperatures [19, 20]. LeuO belongs to the LysR transcriptional regulator family and contains a helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain [4, 7] No LeuO consensus binding sequence is known [14]. LeuO activates transcription of the divergent leuLABCD operon [2]. An in vivo genetic selection ...
Girl. by Band of Outsiders Mini Blossom Crinkle Shorts at SHOPBOP.COM - FASTEST FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE. Buy Girl. by Band of Outsiders Online
If its a jeans and a nice top kind of day then weve just found the perfect nice top for you! With shimmering, crinkle material and cute one shoulder ruffle, this beauty is the perfect partner to your jeans or tailored pants. Just add killer heels and go, go, go!
Hibiscus tea has such a complex flavor that first time tasters will be surprised to discover that it is only dried hibiscus and sugar steeped in water. Bearing
The yellowing is fairly typical of a hibiscus when it is moved indoors abruptly. It may lose more leaves, but dont despair. Keep it in a bright location and barely moist and be patient. It should come back in a few weeks. Ideally, to bring in a tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus sinensis) growing as a potted plant, you first need to check it all over for pests and then gradually begin acclimating it to the lower light levels it will have indoors. Move it gradually to a shadier location. It should be ready to come in for the winter before temperatures drop below about 50F. Then move it indoors to the sunniest spot you have. Keep it out of drafts and keep the humidity around it high if possible. Expect some yellowing of leaves in protest of the move. Reduce watering and fertilizing as the plants growth slows. In spring, reverse the process to reacclimate it to the outdoors. Good luck with your plant ...
For perfectly punched hibiscus. Create lovely hibiscus shapes...no scissors required! This easy-to-use punch from Marvy Uchida punches 2"-wide hibiscus flowers with lovely embossed detailing. Just slip your choice of paper or vellum into the slot on the side of the punch, then press down on the lever to punch the shape. (Weve found it works best on lightweight paper.) Its that simple! Tip: If you ever start to notice your punch becoming dull, just punch a few shapes out of aluminum foil to sharpen.. ...
The hibiscus (Hibiscus spp.) is grown for its large, vibrant blooms, which provide a tropical atmosphere to your garden. The large genus consists of over 200 species that -- depending on the specific variety -- grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 11. Hibiscus can unfortunately come under ...
In the pictures below, you will see 2 kinds of Hibiscus; the summer hibiscus, which can be planted with mulch farther north of zone 8, and the regular tropical hibiscus which can be grown as far north as the ground doesnt freeze.
Fast shipping to Canada. Customizable Hibiscus bone china mugs from zazzle.ca - Choose your favorite Hibiscus mug from thousands of available designs.
Hibiscus are flowering plants that are revered for their ability to bloom nearly all year long. They can be grown as small trees or large shrubs, and they make for an attractive specimen plant or addition to a flower garden. The trumpet-shaped flowers of hibiscus come in a wide assortment of colours and sizes.
Keep dry on the boat or at the beach with this hibiscus towel from Deep Down designs. The hibiscus flower has a dive flag design.
Our Hibiscus Table Scatter is perfect for your summer party! Hibiscus Table Scatter features flowers in all the colors of the rainbow.
Light up your paradise party with our Hibiscus String Lights! These Hibiscus String Lights feature a string of 10 mini lights with bright island flower covers.
The best selection of Royalty Free Hibiscus & Icon Vector Art, Graphics and Stock Illustrations. Download 920+ Royalty Free Hibiscus & Icon Vector Images.
Like other genus of hibiscus, the Swamp Hibiscus grows in many different colors, white,, yellow, pink etc. Thank you John.. LikeLike. ...
Explore Hibiscus Cl, Meadow Heights (VIC). Learn about Hibiscus Cl, Meadow Heights and find out whats happening in the local property market.
Shop Gedy by Nameeks Hibiscus Free Standing Toilet Brush Set at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of Gedy by Nameeks Hibiscus Free Standing Toilet Brush Set and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
Wish Hibiscus Cami find it and other fashion trends. Online shopping for Wish clothing. Fun and bright cami. The need it now Hibiscus Cami from Wish has...
Learn how to plant, grow, and take care of the hibiscus plants. Check out the different types of hibiscus and their benefits and uses.
Hidden fixing: Invisible fixing carried out with 80x40 mm L-shaped separators on the wall made of 6005 alloyed aluminium, fixed to the wall with HRD-HDS 10/80/10 fixing wall plug, T-shaped section as 6005 alloyed aluminium vertical mount, fixed to a separator with HES-MD53Z 5,5x19 mm self-perforating screw. Regulating claws to hang and level the pices, fixed on the back.. ...
Gardening question - Will it be ok to plant my new Hibiscus in the spot that I take up the struggling dicentra from? It is in quite a wet, exposed place but drains quite
Search and use 100s of orange logo hibiscus clip arts and images all free! Royalty free, no fees, and download now in the size you need.
Search and use 100s of hibiscus corner hawaiian clip arts and images all free! Royalty free, no fees, and download now in the size you need.
Hib 1 refit.. · Dates moved because of the Grant Application by CNR to NZCT. Confirmation due by end of May. Finances are looking good and the refit is booked starting from 12 June. · New motors have been ordered. Old motors have now been confirmed sold to the Explore Group.. · New pontoons ordered and on the way.. · Anti-stuffing pods which are cracked and filling up will be repaired or ideally replaced (work in progress). · Painting, new carpet, new wiring etc. to be done. · Refit to take approximately 2 weeks. Hib 2 for callouts over this period. Crew Action: Crew on board on the 11th June to please come in earlier off water on the day and take off ALL gear and store in the container.. CNR Leadership Workshop Feedback. Attended by Karen and Dan - agreed it was worthwhile with some good ideas coming from it with lots of discussion around strategy, recruitment and training. Noted that Hibiscus threshold for operational crew assessment is set at a much higher standard than other units and ...
MAC Hibiscus Kiss Bronzer is a very warm-toned, medium brown with a matte finish. It is a limited edition bronzer that retails for $28.00 and contains 0.35 oz.
Find den bedste pris på Pousada dos Hibiscus i Ilhéus hos KAYAK. Se 721 anmeldelser, 0 billeder og sammenlign priser for dette hotel.
Hibiscus Invitations by Odd Balls are relevant for Mothers Day party invitations, birthday party invitations and luau invitations. Lovely design that is both warm and perfect that will motivate your guests to come out in their numbers!
The method for treating a hibiscus plant for pests depends on the type of pest. Common treatment methods include pesticides, relocating the plant and using a dish liquid and water...
Shop Tropical Hibiscus Wedding or General Blank Address Label created by riverme. Personalize it with photos & text or purchase as is!
Super easy homemade yeast donuts topped off with a bright, tangy hibiscus glaze - a truly satisfying and delectable morning treat.
Sold - 123 Hibiscus Dr, Burlington, NJ - $280,000. View details, map and photos of this single family property with 4 bedrooms and 4 total baths. MLS# 6533361.
These are some images of my yellow hibiscus in my garden.I hope you like them! Thank you all for your kind and useful comments and your votes . All are appreciated !
Adding a tropical feel to your garden or landscape has never been easier. The Pink Tropical Hibiscus Tree is a low-maintenance dwarf tree, reaching only 6-8 feet in height.
Define creative style and performance for your truck with All Sales Hibiscus Logo Billet Interior Dash Knobs by All Sales - 4401H at StylinTrucks.com.
Browse our stunning range of easy to grow Hibiscus plants. Top quality plants available to order for delivery direct to your door.
Book Appartamenti Hibiscus nu & Spar op til 75%! Sikker og nem reservation, øjeblikkelig bekræftelse, hotelanmeldelser og -billeder.
OK - thats what I though too. There is a bug in MSXML then Invalid particle derivation by restriction _____ [email protected]siro.au CSIRO Exploration & Mining 26 Dick Perry Avenue, Kensington WA 6151 PO Box 1130, Bentley WA 6102 AUSTRALIA T: +61 (8) 6436 8639 F: +61 (8) 6436 8555 C: +61 (4) 0330 2672 http://www.csiro.au/page.asp?type=resume&id=CoxSimon , -----Original Message----- , From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] , Sent: Tuesday, 5 March 2002 6:28 PM , To: [email protected] , Cc: [email protected] , Subject: Re: Derivation by restriction from ,any, , , , [email protected] writes: , , , Is it possible to derive by restriction starting with an ,any,? , , , , e.g. , , , , ,complexType name=basetype, , , ,sequence, , , ,any maxOccurs=unbounded/, , , ,/sequence, , , ,/complexType, , , , , ,complexType name=newtype, , , ,complexContent, , , ,restriction base=my:basetype, , , ,sequence, , , ,element name=e1 type=string/, , , ,element name=e2 type=integer ...
Do you happen to think youre majorly talented? If so, then American Idol star judge Simon Cowell wants to see you audition for his new talent-search competition, X Factor.
Simon Winter, our senior vice president for development, answers questions about TechnoServes direction in 2012. This post was originally published at NextBillion, where TechnoServe is a content partner.
Hibiscus Tattoo Design : Hibiscus Flower Tattoo Design. Beautiful Hibiscus Flower as a Tattoo. Hibiscus Tattoo Designs,Hibiscus Tattoos Meaning,Hibiscus Flower Tattoos,Hawaiian Hibiscus Tattoo,Hibiscus Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoo Design,Hibiscus Tattoo Meaning,Pink Hibiscus Tattoo,Plumeria Tattoo,Hawaiian Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoo On Foot,Pics Of Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoo Designs,Hibiscus Tattoo Design.
Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. ...
A novel T-shaped BiVO{sub 4} microcrystal photocatalyst was successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method with the aid of a structure-directing surfactant SDBS in the present study. Having received well characterization with the aid of various techniques and the results showed that the SDBS greatly changed the microstructure of BiVO{sub 4}, which had a unique T shape and belonged to the monoclinic family. The fast exchange dynamics between the surfactants bound to the Bi{sup 3+} seed surface and the free VO{sub 3}{sup −} in the solution significantly increase the rate of heterogeneous nucleation. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the prepared T-shaped BiVO{sub 4} was evaluated by the degradation of Methylene Blue solution under visible light irradiation, 17% and 47% higher decolorization rates than the commercial P25 and BiVO{sub 4} synthesized without SDBS, respectively. Meanwhile, it has been found that the degradation kinetics of MB fitted the pseudo-first-order kinetics and ...
We study plant viruses with a particular emphasis on understanding the molecular basis of virus-host interactions. We have been exploring mechanisms of host plant resistance in Arabidopsis to turnip crinkle virus (TCV) infection. The ability to manipulate both the viral pathogen and the host plant using molecular genetic and genomic tools makes our model system particularly suitable for examining molecular basis of plant innate immunity and the role of the silencing pathway in defense against viral infection. Research applications include the development of novel strategies for genetically engineering resistance against viral pathogens, and in the area of plant biotechnology, using RNA viruses as transient vectors for vaccine development against animal viruses.. ...
... : Charming Hibiscus Flower Tattoos. Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoo Designs,Meaning Of A Hibiscus Flower,Hibiscus Tattoos,Hawaiian Flower Tattoos,Hawaiian Flower Tattoo,Meaning Of The Hibiscus Flower,Hibiscus Tattoo Meaning,Hibiscus Tattoos Meaning.
Hibiscus require generous amounts of water in the growing season. In warm weather, many hibiscus enthusiasts advise daily watering, but this is a general rule of thumb. Observe your hibiscus closely for signs of under- or over-watering. During the winter, hibiscus require less water. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings, then water lavishly, irrigating until water runs out the holes in the bottom of the container. To avoid root rot -- to which hibiscus are susceptible -- empty excess water from the saucer after half an hour. Avoid using cold water; tepid water -- between 95 and 102 degrees -- is more in keeping with the plants tropical heritage. Hibiscus prefer water that is slightly acid; a pH of between 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal. If your water is very alkaline, Bachmans Floral Gifts and Garden advises adding 1 tbsp. of vinegar to each gallon. Hibiscus plants require not only ample water but adequate humidity as well. Using a spray mister with tepid water several times a week can ...
Looking for T circulator? Find out information about T circulator. A circulator in which three identical rectangular waveguides are joined asymmetrically to form a T-shaped structure, with a ferrite post or wedge at its... Explanation of T circulator
Through repeated trials and commercial ventures in the U.S., kenaf has proven to be as good as or better than trees for papermaking. When processed whole, kenaf stalks make excellent pulp for newsprint. When stripped from the stalks core, kenafs long, woody bark fibers-called "bast"-compare favorably with virgin fiber from pine trees (the most common pulp source in the U.S.) and other softwoods. The bast provides an ideal furnish for making strong, high-quality printing and writing papers. The plants shorter core material, by contrast, performs much like hardwood fiber. It produces lower grades of paper with less tear strength, though it can still effectively comprise more than a third of top-grade kenaf paper. Today more and more farmers and paper manufacturers are looking to kenaf as a way of diversifying their fiber base. For farmers wanting to get into alternative markets promising a good return, the plant is a boon. It grows rapidly, reaching 12-18 feet in just five months. Southern ...
Having a sterically exposed half-filled orbital, bonding with the substrate occurs together with an inner-sphere single electron transfer from a single nickel center resulting in reduction of unsaturated molecules (C2H4 and CO2) and homolytic cleavage of various σ-bonds including those in the following molecules: H-H, H2N-NH2 and H3C-CN.. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 9502-9506.. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201704487. ...
Our oldest sons birthday is coming up next week. He will be 25 and lives in New York. It is always hard to decide what to get him. With him being so far away, Im not around him on a daily basis to know what he might need. And he is the kind of person who never really thinks he needs anything anyway. It is a quality I truly admire in him, but it makes it hard on Christmas and birthdays to know what to get him for a present. One thing I know he does appreciate, though, are baked goods. Molasses Crinkles are one of his favorite cookies, so I made some today to send to him.. Of course, I had to try one, just to make sure they were okay to send!:) I had forgotten how good these cookies are. The flavor is like that of a gingersnap, only I think of those as crunchy and these are very, very soft. They just melt in your mouth. It was kind of cloudy and cool today (a real treat for us Arizonans), and with the aroma from these cookies in the oven, it really felt like fall. Just for fun, on the top of ...
Heart-Tee Hibiscus is 100% pure dried hibiscus tea. A strong full bodied tea with intense berry flavor. A high source of antioxidants.
The genus Hibiscus contains more than 200 species. These include the common Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), a popular flowering shrub that is adaptable as a houseplant or as part of an ...
Wild turnip poisoning - Is turnip healthy? The greens are! The humble turnip is a root vegetable and its not very high in nutrients. But turnip greens, the part most people toss out, well, thats a whole nuther story. They are a good source of vitamin a vitamin c vitamin k calcium, folate (folic acid) and lutein.
The best selection of Royalty Free Flower & Hibiscus Vector Art, Graphics and Stock Illustrations. Download 5,000+ Royalty Free Flower & Hibiscus Vector Images.
SVG format, as well as the Hibiscus Flowers JPEG, PNG, GIF format and be able to save the file. Download now on your chosen size and start using the picture of this Hibiscus Flowers clip art.
This white cotton tshirt is hand painted with three gorgeous hibiscus flowers. The hibiscus flowers are hand painted with fabric paints across the fro
Looking for Ratnatraya Red Hibiscus Flower Ganesha Showpiece Dcor? Buy it at Rs.1,599 from Rediff Shopping today! for Ratnatraya Red Hibiscus Flower Ganesha Showpiece Dcor & other Faith & Beliefs.
Pistils of a Hibiscus flower. Extreme macro. Shot in Zhuhais Shihuashan Park. Recommended: |a href=http://bighugelabs.com/flickr/onblack.php?id=3122485336 rel=nofollow|View On Black|/a| Explore #257 on Monday, December 22, 2008 |a href=http://loc.alize.us/#/flickr:3122485336 rel=nofollow|See where this picture was taken.|/a| |a href=http://www.flickr.com/groups/geotagging/discuss/72157594165549916/|[?]|/a| |b||u||a href=http://flickr.com/people/cnmark/|© All Rights Reserved|/a||/u| - you may not use this image in any form without my prior permission.|/b|
Focus on Key InnOrbit Ingredient Hibiscus Hibiscus is plant with a brightly coloured flower and reviewed several times on this website. It is the flower which can be mixed with other herbs and spices or used by itself to make an infusion and drunk hot or cold. In the Carribean and South America it is…
Hibiscus Syriacus Showtime has semi-double flowers which are light purple-pink with red centers. Colorful variegated foliage with light green, yellow, and darker green variations. (Hibiscus syriacus)
You can dry and steep the red, fleshy part of a hibiscus flower where the petals meet the stem to make hibiscus tea, which some people call sour tea...
Explore Hibiscus Pl, Bomaderry (NSW). Learn about Hibiscus Pl, Bomaderry and find out whats happening in the local property market.
United Kingdoms best source to buy Now Foods Heavenly Hip Hibiscus Tea - 24 Tea Bags at the lowest price. Read Heavenly Hip Hibiscus Tea reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast, reliable shipping to United Kingdom
Best Western Hibiscus Motel in Key West Florida. View Best Western Hibiscus Motel amenities, map and availability to help you plan your next trip to Key West FL.
Order Hardy Hibiscus Cherry Choco Latte Bushes, Hibiscus SUMMERIFIC Cherry Choco Latte, at NatureHills.com, Americas largest online plant nursery. Shop now & save up to 50%!
Tropical Hibiscus is one of over 3,000 colors you can find, coordinate, and preview on www.behr.com. Start your project with Tropical Hibiscus now.
SheaMoisture Coconut & Hibiscus Body Lotion at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for SheaMoisture Coconut & Hibiscus Body Lotion
SheaMoisture Co-Wash Conditioning Cleanser Coconut & Hibiscus at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for SheaMoisture Co-Wash Conditioning Cleanser Coconut & Hibiscus
Channel your inner oasis with our Red Island Hibiscus Canvas! A bold print of hibiscus blooms, this canvas is designed with round edges to add interest to any room!
My wife and I just booked the Hibiscus Cottage for some serious R&R next year. With the 2010 we have on tap, we will have earned it. I have read some negative reports about the Hibiscus Cottage on the internet, including the fact that a next door neighbor / resident has a loud dog, that its next to a parking lot, and its not that private. Looking for any feedback of any kind, or an alternative suggestion for a very private room with plenty of space and a great view at CSS. Thanks in
Chalet Hibiscus, Cahuita: See 8 traveller reviews, 7 candid photos, and great deals for Chalet Hibiscus, ranked #11 of 12 hotels in Cahuita and rated 3.5 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
Look at a variety of Crane.com , such as the hand engraved hibiscus and gold hand bordered pearl white correspondence cards. Read what customers have to say about hand engraved hibiscus and gold hand bordered pearl white correspondence cards.
Hibiscus is poisonous to cats. A cat that ingests hibiscus experiences nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. It often refuses to eat, and it may even develop...
Find jcr 500 in Hibiscus Coast Heavy Trucks & Buses | Search Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for jcr 500 in Hibiscus Coast Heavy Trucks & Buses and more.
Find dc ac inverter in Hibiscus Coast Other Electronics | Search Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for dc ac inverter in Hibiscus Coast Other Electronics and more.
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
So youre hungry and want tacos for dinner, huh? In the great, ancient tradition of hungry-people-eating-food-they-want-to-eat-in-order-to-become-less-hungry, youve got a few go-to options: go out, order in, or even cook to get what you so desire. The only problem? Those options require effort. Be honest with yourself: do you really feel like putting in that kind of work? Especially when eating tacos is supposed to be one of the most effortless culinary experiences of all time. But whats a hungry taco lover to do? What about no pain, no gain, you wonder? The answer is in this revolutionary, (practically) effortless alternative to your average, everyday taco-procurement strategies. Were talking about the "You Better Have Tacos" doormat, and we urge you to lay that bad boy outside your door and wait for the cha-ching, cha-ching - I mean crinkle, crinkle - of an endless supply our fave member of the no-utensil food group, brought to you by your friends, neighbors, and anyone else who should ...
Cream butter and sugar until fluffy, about 3 minutes in a stand mixer, longer with a hand mixer. Add egg and then molasses. Whisk all dry ingredients, except white sugar, together in a bowl and then add. Chill several hours or overnight. Shape into balls the size of walnuts, dip into white sugar, place on ungreased cookie sheet and flatten slightly with the bottom of a glass. Bake at 375° for 11 to 12 minutes ...
Today we heard Simons heartbeat. With each beat Simon is fighting and saying, "Im in here!" I am so thankful for each day we have with Simon. Living in the moment is pretty hard for me, but Simon is teaching me to enjoy and give thanks each minute as tomorrow is not certain. Thank you, God, for allowing us to hear Simons heartbeat today. Tears of joy and relief streamed down my face as I heard each sweet beat. It was such a gift. Enjoy these few verses which are encouragement for me today. The video of his heartbeat is also below (features my bump too ...
... All framed prints are professionally printed, framed, assembled, and shipped within 3 - 4 business days and delivered ready-to-hang on your wall. Choose from multiple print sizes and hundreds of frame and mat options.
Buy and download royalty-free image ID 1161226: abstract background of hibiscus flower, wallpaper by aispl from Crestock Stock Photos
Shop Tropical Hibiscus Flowers Fusion Swirls Modern Business Card created by fat_fa_tin. Personalize it with photos & text or purchase as is!
My image is "Hibiscus Flowers" from SLSLines, lovely image coloured with copics. I had heaps of fun creating all different colours, I hope you like it too. So the theme is to use one of your favourite embellishments (as I have many), I went with Rhinestones as a girl cant get enough bling ...right ... haha. ...
Gardening question - I have no buds/flowers on my Hibiscus (rose of sharon) this year. The plant looks healthly, green leaves but no flowers. Any ideas?
Hibiscus trionum - This drought-tolerant, bushy annual bears large, silvery flowers with dark chocolate-purple centers from summer to fall, followed by translucent seed pods. 30 inches height; 24 inches spread.
Red Tropical Hibiscus Tree brings bursts of dramatic blooms to your landscape from July to October. The flowers have red petals with deeper red centers that make beautiful centerpieces.
EN] Two small viral proteins (DGBp1 and DGBp2) have been proposed to act in a concerted manner to aid intra- and intercellular trafficking of carmoviruses though the distribution of functions and mode of action of each protein partner are not yet clear. Here we have confirmed the requirement of the DGBps of Pelargonium flower break virus (PFBV), p7 and p12, for pathogen movement Studies focused on p12 have shown that it associates to cellular membranes, which is in accordance to its hydrophobic profile and to that reported for several homologs. However, peculiarities that distinguish p12 from other DGBp52 have been found. Firstly, it contains a leucine zipper-like motif which is essential for virus infectivity in plants. Secondly, it has an unusually long and basic N-terminal region that confers RNA binding activity. The results suggest that PFBV p12 may differ mechanistically from related proteins and possible roles of PFBV DGBps are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) is quickly becoming one of the most important viral pathogens of floral crops in Tennessee and the United States. INSV has historically been a problem in Mexico, and the western and southwestern parts of the U.S. and Hawaii. During the mid-1980s, INSV has spread rapidly in the Gulf Coast states from Texas to Florida, and north into Tennessee and Kentucky. Although the reasons as to why the virus spread so rapidly are unknown, it may be related to the migration of the thrips from infested regions into new areas and movement of infected plant material between greenhouses.
With its design, the Subviral RNA Database could be considered as a fundamental building block for the study of these related RNAs. It is freely available via a web browser at the URL: http://subviral.med.uottawa.ca.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hibiscus acid from hibiscus sabdariffa (malvaceae) has a vasorelaxant effect on the rat aorta. AU - Zheoat, Ahmed M.. AU - Gray, Alexander I.. AU - Igoli, John O.. AU - Ferro, Valerie A.. AU - Drummond, Robert M.. PY - 2019/4/30. Y1 - 2019/4/30. N2 - Hibiscus sabdariffa (Malvaceae) is a plant that is widely recognised for its antihypertensive properties; however the constituent(s) responsible for this biological activity are presently unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the potential compounds that are responsible for the vasorelaxant activity of H. sabdariffa. Thereafter, the mechanisms involved in producing the vasorelaxation were investigated. The plant was extracted consecutively with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. The methanolic extract was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation in order to isolate pure compounds that possessed vasorelaxant activity. The vascular effects of the pure compounds were studied on the rat aorta in vitro using myography ...
Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) are two elements of great concern due to their potential toxicity to plants and/or animals. Most pig farmers in Malaysia fed two to three folds of the recommended Cu and Zn to their animals. Only about 15% of the dietary Cu and Zn were apparently digested while the remaining 85% were excreted mainly via the feces. It is estimated that 390 tons of Cu and 303 tons of Zn are being excreted annually by approximately two million pigs in Malaysia. Appropriate management of the pig waste is, therefore, essential to ensure that these heavy metals do not pollute the environment. Phytoremediation, the use of plants to restore polluted sites, has recently become a popular alternative to the traditional techniques of cleaning up polluted soils. Five locally available plants, namely Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), Typha (Typha spp.), Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides), Canna (Canna x generalis), Cyathula (Altemanthera Ficoidea cv. "Songuinea") were shown to exhibit their ability to ...
Hypovirulent isolates of the fruit tree fungal pathogen Diaporthe ambigua have previously been shown to harbour a double-stranded (ds)RNA genetic element of about 4 kb. In this study, we established the complete cDNA sequence of this dsRNA, which represents a replicative form of a positive-strand RNA virus that we have named D. ambigua RNA virus (DaRV). The nucleotide sequence of the genome is 4113 bp and has a GC content of 53%. Two large ORFs are present in the same reading frame. They are most probably translated by readthrough of a UAG stop codon in the central part of the genome. The longest possible translation product (p125) has a predicted molecular mass of about 125 kDa. A significant homology can be found to the non-structural proteins of carmoviruses of the positive-strand RNA virus family Tombusviridae. These proteins also include the conserved RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP) domain. In contrast to the genome organization of these plant viruses, no ORF is present at the 3′ end of the
Machlomovirus is a genus of plant viruses, in the family Tombusviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There is currently only one species in this genus: the type species Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV), which causes significant losses in maize production worldwide. MCMV was first identified in the U.S. state of Kansas causing corn lethal necrosis, a severe disease that negatively affects all stages of development for maize plants. Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Tombusviridae Genus: Machlomovirus Maize chlorotic mottle virus Viruses in Machlomovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and spherical geometries, and T=3 symmetry. The diameter is around 28-34 nm. Genomes are linear, around 4-5.4kb in length. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription, using the premature termination model of subgenomic RNA ...
us is a species of Hibiscus native to tropical eastern Africa in Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. It is a shrub growing to 3 m tall. The red or pink flowers are very distinctive in their frilly, finely divided petals.[1][2] Its common names include Japanese Lantern, Coral Hibiscus and Fringed Rosemallow. Flowers with finely dissected petal have a range of colours, the most common being the red form (Keena et al., 2002; Ng, 2006). Leaves resemble those of H. rosa-sinensis. Chemistry The major anthocyanin found in flowers of H. schizopetalus is cyanidin-3-sambusophoroside (Lowry, 1976). From leaves, two new triterpene esters have been isolated (Jose & Vijayan, 2006).. ...
... (MNSV) is a virus that belongs to the Carmovirus genus of viruses in the Tombusviridae family. It has ...
At the 1987 ICTV meeting, that proposed the genus Carmovirus, Narcissus tip necrosis virus was listed as a 'tentative' member ... USA ICTV Taxonomy History for Carmovirus ICTV Taxonomy Release History ICTVdB Index of Viruses 2002. Tombusviridae Eighth ...
Carmovirus Ahlum waterborne virus Angelonia flower break virus Bean mild mosaic virus Calibrachoa mottle virus Cardamine ...
... carmovirus MeSH B04.715.810.870 --- tombusvirus MeSH B04.715.850.860 --- tymovirus MeSH B04.820.057.070 --- arenavirus MeSH ... carmovirus MeSH B04.820.860.870 --- tombusvirus MeSH B04.820.880.400 --- giardiavirus MeSH B04.820.880.500 --- leishmaniavirus ...
C2likevirus C5likevirus Cafeteriavirus Capillovirus Capripoxvirus Cardiovirus Cardoreovirus Carlavirus Carmovirus Caulimovirus ...
Carmovirus Ahlum waterborne virus Angelonia flower break virus Bean mild mosaic virus Calibrachoa mottle virus Cardamine ...
12th AUGUST 1987 ICTV Taxonomy History for Carmovirus Carmovirus, Springer Index of Viruses 2011 Plant Viruses Online entry ... Carmovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Tombusviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 19 species in ... Carmovirus. In: ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 3. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), ICTVdB Management, Columbia ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Tombusviridae Genus: Carmovirus Ahlum waterborne virus Angelonia flower break virus ...
12th AUGUST 1987 ICTV Taxonomy History for Carmovirus Carmovirus, Springer Index of Viruses 2011 Plant Viruses Online entry ... Carmovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Tombusviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 19 species in ... Carmovirus. In: ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 3. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), ICTVdB Management, Columbia ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Tombusviridae Genus: Carmovirus Ahlum waterborne virus Angelonia flower break virus ...
Carmovirus P38 (TCV). Turnip crinkle virus CP (also referred to as P38) is a multifunctional protein involved in virus assembly ... a carmovirus, is not affected by the vsm1 mutation, whereas long-distance movement of the tomato strain of Tobacco mosaic virus ... the Carmovirus Turnip crinkle virus (TCV, Cao et al., 2010), and TBSV (Qu and Morris, 2002), that particles are dispensable for ... Carmovirus, Necrovirus, Tobamovirus, Sobemovirus, and Benyvirus (Table A1 in Appendix). For other virus species, although the ...
Identification and Characterization of Carmovirus on Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus L.) in West Java, Indonesia. Erniawati ...
Carmovirus. Genus. Necrovirus. Genus. Panicovirus. Genus. Machlomovirus. Family. Virgaviridae. Genus. Furovirus. Genus. ...
Carmovirus. Encyclopedia of Virology, 5 vols. (B.W.J. Mahy and M.H.V. Van Regenmortel, Editors), pp. 453-457 Oxford: Elsevier. ...
Carmovirus. carnation mottle virus. Plants. Togaviridae:. Alphavirus. Sindbis virus. Vertebrates. Rubivirus. rubella virus. ...
Cowpea Mottle Carmovirus Antiserum] Application: Test animal used: rabbit Plant research ... cowpea mottle carmovirus Agent Cowpea mottle virus Strain Mokwa [Cowpea Mottle Carmovirus Antiserum] ...
Genus: Carmovirus Species: Cucumber soil-borne virus Name[edit]. Cucumber soil-borne virus ...
Genus Carmovirus; Bean mild mosaic virus (BMMV). Bean pod mottle. Genus Comovirus; Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV). Bean yellow ... Genus Carmovirus; Soybean yellow mottle mosaic virus (SYMMV). Tobacco mosaic. Genus Tobamovirus; Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), ... Genus Carmovirus; Cowpea mottle virus (CPMoV). Cowpea severe mosaic. Genus Comovirus; Cowpea severe mosaic virus (CPSMV). ...
Genus Carmovirus; Bean mild mosaic virus (BMMV) Bean necrosis mosaic. Genus Tospovirus; Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) Bean ...
The 3′-UTR of another member of the Tombusviridae family, Turnip crinkle virus (TCV, genus Carmovirus, family Tombusviridae), ... Indeed, Saguaro cactus virus (SCV, genus Carmovirus, family Tombusviridae), harbors a PTE which participates in a long-distance ... Truniger V., Nieto C., González-Ibeas D., Aranda M. (2008). Mechanism of plant eIF4E-mediated resistance against a Carmovirus ( ... genus Carmovirus) was recently shown to harbor a 3′-CITE in the TED class (Blanco-Pérez et al., 2016). In this case, PLPV TED ...
This plant virus is a carmovirus, and has an RNA (ribonucleic acid) genome. It was first identified in 1955 in the carnations ( ...
carmovirus. (Siglum of carnation mottle virus.) Member of a group of plant viruses with small, isometric particles containing a ...
Tombusvirus p19 and Carmovirus coat protein (p38) are such viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSRs). Both are already ...
Melon necrotic spot virus (MNSV) is a virus that belongs to the Carmovirus genus of viruses in the Tombusviridae family. It has ...
... a related and seed-transmitted carmovirus) for use in quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction ( ... analysis of genomic RNA of the Korean isolate of SYMMV suggested that the virus is a new member of the genus Carmovirus in the ...
Phylogenetic analysis conducted with the different viral products confirmed the assignment of PFBV to the genus Carmovirus . ... Phylogenetic analysis conducted with the different viral products confirmed the assignment of PFBV to the genus Carmovirus . ...
Pelargonium flower break virus (PFBV, genus Carmovirus) has a single-stranded positive-sense genomic RNA (gRNA) which contains ...
Out of the 17 novel protein regions, 6 are predicted to be mostly ordered (Carmovirus p25, Tombusvirus p19, Orthohepadnavirus S ... and a region of the Carmovirus p25 that contains a predicted transmembrane segment (the last three having an unknown function ... domain, Capillovirus replicase, Orthobunyavirus nonstructural proteins, and Carmovirus p23), 1 is predicted to be about half ...
Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) is a positive single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Carmovirus genus of the Tombusviridae ...
Turnip crinkle virus (TCV), a carmovirus, is a well-characterized model plus-strand RNA virus (reviewed in references 5 and 37 ... similarities and differences in template usage between tombusvirus and carmovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Virology 276: ...
At the 1987 ICTV meeting, that proposed the genus Carmovirus, Narcissus tip necrosis virus was listed as a tentative member ... USA ICTV Taxonomy History for Carmovirus ICTV Taxonomy Release History ICTVdB Index of Viruses 2002. Tombusviridae Eighth ...
... its relationship to pelargonium ringspot virus and its identification as a distinct member of the genus Carmovirus ...
Use of highly conserved motifs in plant virus RNA polymerases as the tags for specific detection of carmovirus-related RNA- ...
... 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主
  • To determine whether SYMMV is present in the United States, two pairs of oligonucleotide primers were designed from regions conserved between SYMMV and Cowpea mottle virus (a related and seed-transmitted carmovirus) for use in quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) analyses. (usda.gov)
  • Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) genus Potyvirus and Bean southern mosaic virus (SBMV) genus Sobemovirus were highly prevalent but had moderate incidence while Cowpea mottle virus (CMeV) genus Carmovirus was moderate in both incidence and prevalence. (biomedcentral.com)