A genus in the family TOMBUSVIRIDAE mostly found in temperate regions. Some species infecting legumes (FABACEAE) are reported from tropical areas. Most viruses are soil-borne, but some are transmitted by the fungus Olpidium radicale and others by beetles. Carnation mottle virus is the type species.
A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. The common name of geranium is also used for the GERANIUM genus.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
A genus of plant viruses that infects ANGIOSPERMS. Transmission occurs mechanically and through soil, with one species transmitted via a fungal vector. The type species is Tomato bushy stunt virus.
An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.

In vivo detection, RNA-binding properties and characterization of the RNA-binding domain of the p7 putative movement protein from carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV). (1/132)

Biochemical and structural characterization studies on the p7 putative movement protein from a Spanish isolate of carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV) have been conducted. The CarMV p7 gene was fused to a sequence coding for a six-histidine tag and expressed in bacteria, allowing the purification of CarMV p7 and the production of a specific antiserum. This antiserum led to the immunological identification of CarMV p7 in infected leaf tissue from the experimental host Chenopodium quinoa. Putative nucleic acid-binding properties of the CarMV p7 have been explored and demonstrated with both electrophoretic mobility shift and RNA-protein blot in vitro assays using digoxigenin-labeled riboprobes. CarMV p7 did not show preferential binding to any of the different regions of the CarMV genomic RNA tested, suggesting that RNA binding was sequence nonspecific. Quantitative analyses of the data allowed calculation of the apparent dissociation constant of the p7-RNA complex (Kd approximately 0.7 microM) and supported a cooperative type of binding. A small 19-amino-acid synthetic peptide whose sequence corresponds to the putative RNA-binding domain of CarMV p7, at the basic central part of the protein, was synthesized, and it was demonstrated that it binds viral RNA probes. Peptide RNA binding was as stable as p7 binding, although data indicated it was not cooperative, thus suggesting that this cooperative binding requires another motif or motifs within the p7 amino acid sequence. The peptide could be induced to fold into an alpha-helix structure in which amino acids that are conserved among carmovirus p7-like proteins are distributed on one side. This alpha-helix motif could define a new and previously uncharacterized RNA-binding domain for plant virus movement proteins.  (+info)

Mutational analyses of the putative calcium binding site and hinge of the turnip crinkle virus coat protein. (2/132)

The turnip crinkle carmovirus (TCV) coat protein (CP) is folded into R (RNA-binding), S (shell), and P (protruding) domains. The S domain is an eight-stranded beta barrel common to the coat protein subunits of most RNA viruses. A five-amino-acid hinge connects the S and P domains. In assembled particles, each pair of CP subunits is thought to bind a single calcium ion through interactions with three residues of one subunit and two residues of a neighboring subunit. These five residues comprise the putative calcium-binding site (CBS). The putative CBS and hinge are adjacent to one another. Mutations were introduced into the putative CBS or hinge in an effort to further determine the biological functions of TCV CP. One putative CBS mutant, TCV-M32, exhibited wild-type cell-to-cell movement but failed to move systemically in Nicotiana benthamiana, and particles were not detected. Another putative CBS mutant, TCV-M23, exhibited deficient cell-to-cell movement but particles accumulated in isolated protoplasts. Two other putative CBS mutants, TCV-M22 and -M33, showed wild-type cell-to-cell and systemic movement but elicited mild systemic symptoms that were somewhat delayed. All of the hinge mutants exhibited wild-type movement but some elicited non-wild-type symptoms. Point mutations in the putative CBS or hinge appear to alter virus-ion interactions, secondary structure, or particle conformation, thereby affecting interactions between the CP and plant hosts.  (+info)

RNA elements required for RNA recombination function as replication enhancers in vitro and in vivo in a plus-strand RNA virus. (3/132)

RNA replication requires cis-acting elements to recruit the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and facilitate de novo initiation of complementary strand synthesis. Hairpins that are hot spots for recombination in the genomic RNA of turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and satellite (sat)-RNA C, a parasitic RNA associated with TCV infections, stimulate RNA synthesis 10-fold from a downstream promoter sequence in an in vitro assay using partially purified TCV RdRp. Artificial hairpins had an inhibitory effect on transcription. RNA accumulation in single cells was enhanced 5- to 10-fold when the natural stem-loop structures were inserted into a poorly accumulating sat-RNA. The effect of the stem-loop structures on RNA replication was additive, with insertion of three stem-loop RNA elements increasing sat-RNA accumulation to the greatest extent (25-fold). These stem-loop structures do not influence the stability of the RNAs in vivo, but may serve to recruit the RdRp to the template.  (+info)

Cap-independent translational enhancement of turnip crinkle virus genomic and subgenomic RNAs. (4/132)

The presence of translational control elements and cap structures has not been carefully investigated for members of the Carmovirus genus, a group of small icosahedral plant viruses with positive-sense RNA genomes. In this study, we examined both the 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of the turnip crinkle carmovirus (TCV) genomic RNA (4 kb) as well as the 5' UTR of the coat protein subgenomic RNA (1.45 kb) for their roles in translational regulation. All three UTRs enhanced translation of the firefly luciferase reporter gene to different extents. Optimal translational efficiency was achieved when mRNAs contained both 5' and 3' UTRs. The synergistic effect due to the 5'-3' cooperation was at least fourfold greater than the sum of the contributions of the individual UTRs. The observed translational enhancement of TCV mRNAs occurred in a cap-independent manner, a result consistent with the demonstration, using a cap-specific antibody, that the 5' end of the TCV genomic RNA was uncapped. Finally, the translational enhancement activity within the 5' UTR of 1.45-kb subgenomic RNA was shown to be important for the translation of coat protein in protoplasts and for virulent infection in Arabidopsis plants.  (+info)

Analysis of cis-acting sequences involved in plus-strand synthesis of a turnip crinkle virus-associated satellite RNA identifies a new carmovirus replication element. (5/132)

Satellite RNA C (satC) is a 356-base subviral RNA associated with turnip crinkle virus (TCV). A 3'-proximal element (3'-UCCCAAAGUAU) located 11 bases from the 3' terminus of satC minus strands can function as an independent promoter in an in vitro RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) transcription system. Furthermore, in the absence of a 5'-proximal element, the 3'-proximal element is required for complementary strand synthesis in vitro. Site-directed mutagenesis was conducted to investigate the functional significance of this element and the 3' minus-strand terminal sequence "3'-OH-CCCUAU," which contains the minus-strand 3'-end sequence "3'-OH-CC(1-2)(A/U)(A/U)(A/U)" found in all carmovirus RNAs. Single mutations in the 3'-terminal sequence, which we have named the carmovirus consensus sequence (CCS), suppressed satC plus-strand synthesis to undetectable levels in protoplasts while still permitting some minus-strand synthesis. However, single and multiple mutations introduced into the 3'-proximal element had little or no effect on satC accumulation in protoplasts. In vivo genetic selection (SELEX) of the minus-strand 3'-terminal 21 bases revealed that all satC species accumulating in plants contained the 3' CCS. In addition, the 3'-proximal element preferentially contained a sequence similar to the CCS and/or polypurines, suggesting that this element may also contribute to accumulation of satC in vivo.  (+info)

Requirement of a 5'-proximal linear sequence on minus strands for plus-strand synthesis of a satellite RNA associated with turnip crinkle virus. (6/132)

Viral RNA replication begins with specific recognition of cis-acting RNA elements by the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and/or associated host factors. A short RNA element (3'-AACCCCUGGGAGGC) located 41 bases from the 5' end of minus strands of satellite RNA C (satC), a 356-base subviral RNA naturally associated with turnip crinkle virus (TCV), was previously identified as important for plus-strand synthesis using an in vitro RdRp assay (H. Guan, C. Song, A. E. Simon, 1997, RNA 3, 1401-1412). To examine the functional significance of this element in RNA replication, mutations were introduced into the consecutive C residues in the element. A single mutation of the 3'-most C residue resulted in undetectable levels of satC plus strands when transcripts were assayed in protoplasts and suppressed transcription directed by the element in vitro. However, satC minus strands were detectable at 6 h postinoculation (hpi) of protoplasts, accumulating to about 10% of wild-type levels at 24 hpi. This mutation, when in the plus-sense orientation, had little or no effect on minus-strand synthesis from full-length satC plus strands in vitro, suggesting that the 5'-proximal RNA element is required for satC plus-strand synthesis. In addition, in vivo genetic selection revealed a strict requirement for 10 of the 14 nucleotides of the element, indicating that the primary sequence is essential for RNA accumulation.  (+info)

Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus, a new member of the genus Carmovirus: evidence for the presence and expression of two novel open reading frames. (7/132)

The complete nucleotide sequence of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) was determined. The genomic RNA (gRNA) is 3,911 nucleotides long and has the potential to encode seven viral proteins in the order of 28 (p28), 23 (p23), 81 (p81), 8 (p8), 9 (p9), 38 (p38), and 25 (p25) kDa. Excluding two unique open reading frames (ORFs) encoding p23 and p25, the ORFs encode proteins with high amino acid similarity to those of carmoviruses. In addition to gRNA, two 3'-coterminated subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) species were identified. Full-length cDNA clones derived from gRNA and sgRNA were constructed under the control of a T7 promoter. Both capped and uncapped transcripts derived from the full-length genomic cDNA clone were infectious. In vitro translation and mutagenesis assays confirmed that all the predicted ORFs except the ORF encoding p8 are translatable, and the two novel ORFs (those encoding p23 and p25) may be functionally indispensable for the viral infection cycle. Based on virion morphology and genome organization, we propose that HCRSV be classified as a new member of the genus Carmovirus in family Tombusviridae.  (+info)

Members of the Arabidopsis HRT/RPP8 family of resistance genes confer resistance to both viral and oomycete pathogens. (8/132)

Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) inoculation onto TCV-resistant Arabidopsis leads to a hypersensitive response (HR) controlled by the dominant gene HRT. HRT is a member of the class of resistance (R) genes that contain a leucine zipper, a nucleotide binding site, and leucine-rich repeats. The chromosomal position of HRT and its homology to resistance gene RPP8 and two RPP8 homologs indicate that unequal crossing over and gene conversion may have contributed to HRT evolution. RPP8 confers resistance to an oomycete pathogen, Peronospora parasitica. Despite very strong similarities within the HRT/RPP8 family, HRT and RPP8 are specific for the respective pathogens they detect. Hence, the HRT/RPP8 family provides molecular evidence that sequence changes between closely related members of multigene families can generate novel specificities for radically different pathogens. Transgenic plants expressing HRT developed an HR but generally remained susceptible to TCV because of a second gene, RRT, that regulates resistance to TCV. However, several transgenic plants that overexpressed HRT produced micro-HRs or no HR when inoculated with TCV and were resistant to infection. Expression of the TCV coat protein gene in seedlings containing HRT resulted in massive necrosis and death, indicating that the avirulence factor detected by the HRT-encoded protein is the TCV coat protein.  (+info)

Virus replication is an essential step for viral infection and symptom development in crops. Both virus-encoded proteins, such as RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP), and RNA secondary structures formed through intra-molecular interactions of viral genomic RNA play crucial roles in RNA virus replication. However, it has been difficult to study some RNA structures because they are part of sequences that encode replication proteins. To study the predicted RNA secondary structures located within the RdRP coding sequence of Turnip crinkle virus (TCV), we developed a system that supplies TCV RdRP in trans, so that the impact of the RdRP coding capacity and the secondary structures become decoupled. The coding sequence of TCV RdRP was then subjected to systematic mutagenesis to identify and characterize cis-acting RNA elements therein. Using this system, a secondary structure designated Fa was found to be essential to the replication of TCV viral genome. Additionally, a tertiary pseudoknot structure ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of A spectrum of HRT-dependent hypersensitive responses elicited by the 52 amino acid N-terminus of turnip crinkle virus capsid protein and its mutants. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Virology Highlights features highlighted articles published in Virology, with posts summarizing the research in the authors words.
Ryabov, Eugene V. (2008) Construction of infectious cDNA clones for RNA viruses: Turnip crinkle virus. In: Plant virology protocols: from virus sequence to protein function. Methods in Molecular Biology, Vol.451 . Totowa, N.J: Humana Press, Inc., pp. 491-502. ISBN 978-1-58829-827-0 ISSN: 1064-3745 Taliansky, M. and Ryabov, Eugene V. (2008) Umbravirus. In: Mahy, Brian W. J. and Van Regenmortel, Marc H. V., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Virology. United Kingdom: Elsevier BV, pp. 209-213. ISBN 978-0123-7393-53 Ryabov, Eugene V., Taliansky, M., Robinson, David G., Waterhouse, P.M., Murant, A.F., de Zoeten, G.A., Falk, B.W., Vetten, H.J. and Gibbs, M.J. Genus Umbravirus. In: King, A.M.Q. and Adams, M.J. and Carstens, E. and Lefkowitz, E.J., (eds.) Virus Taxonomy: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Virus Taxonomy . Netherlands: Elsevier, pp. 1191-1195. ISBN 978-0-12-384684-6 ...
During my current pregnancy, Ive asked my OB lots of questions about my T-shaped uterus. Surprisingly, he has been pretty unconcerned. During the first few weeks of ultrasounds, the tech always was confused since the T-shape threw her off a little bit. But, when I hit 13 weeks, they couldnt tell I had a t-shape anymore. They said that it usually stretches to the point of looking like other normal ones at that point. I went on to prod the doctor with more questions and he said that, in his experience, more women have T-shapes than people know about. Usually its not even discovered until the end of the pregnancy if they need a C-Section...and they go in and find out that the T-shape was there all along. Why dont these women know sooner if at all? Because typically you dont get ultrasounds until around the 12-13 week mark and by then its stretched out and they cant tell. He said as they do more ultrasounds earlier, they discover more and more women with this anomaly and its not from drug ...
During my current pregnancy, Ive asked my OB lots of questions about my T-shaped uterus. Surprisingly, he has been pretty unconcerned. During the first few weeks of ultrasounds, the tech always was confused since the T-shape threw her off a little bit. But, when I hit 13 weeks, they couldnt tell I had a t-shape anymore. They said that it usually stretches to the point of looking like other normal ones at that point. I went on to prod the doctor with more questions and he said that, in his experience, more women have T-shapes than people know about. Usually its not even discovered until the end of the pregnancy if they need a C-Section...and they go in and find out that the T-shape was there all along. Why dont these women know sooner if at all? Because typically you dont get ultrasounds until around the 12-13 week mark and by then its stretched out and they cant tell. He said as they do more ultrasounds earlier, they discover more and more women with this anomaly and its not from drug ...
摘要 2003年於彰化蘭花栽培園區中於蝴蝶蘭上從葉部出現黃化斑點(chlorotic spot) 之病徵的植株發以及在葉片上產生黃化輪紋 (chlorotic ring) 病徵的植株分別發現新的病毒,分別屬於 Potyvirus 屬的蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒 (Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus, PhCSV) 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主要是因為缺乏具專一性及靈敏度檢測的工具來進行病毒的檢測。因此,為了落實無病毒苗的觀念,因此製備對此兩種病毒具專一性的血清,希望本實驗所生產的血清能夠在業者及檢測單位進行病毒的檢測時貢獻一份力量。利用PhCSV ...
Chocolate Crinkle cookies are soft and delicious fudge like cookies which are very easy to bake.These cookies make great Christmas gifts. I was planning to bake these cookies for a long time, since it is Christmas tomorrow, I decided to bake some Crinkle Cookies today. I totally enjoyed baking these cookies.Today we will learn how to make chocolate crinkles following this easy recipe ...
Your braided hibiscus is a tropical hibiscus and can be grown outdoors during the spring and summer and then overwintered indoors during the coldest months of the year. Hibiscus grows indoors all year around, too. Hibiscus are tropical plants that need light and, perhaps more importantly, warmth to thrive. They prefer moderate heat and to continue blooming must have a few hours of direct sunshine every day. Place your plant near a bright South or West facing window. Hibiscus like water but do not let it stand with wet feet. The soil needs to dry up between waterings to protect from root rot. Make certain no excess water remains in the planter half an hour after watering. For prolific flowering, hibiscus must have regular feedings every week during the growth period, March-October. Half strength water soluble formulas can be used with every watering. I usually water 9 times with fertilizer and then flush with clean water the tenth time. This will prevent salt buildup in the pot. Never fertilize ...
How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes is a thoughtful condition. Do you have How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes or are you at risk for How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes. But if you treat it carefully you can provent How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes. But bont worry about How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes? Youve come to the right place. This quick guide for How To Take Hibiscus For Diabetes. These information will get you started.
Exotic hibiscus sales, hibiscus care, and hibiscus cultivation. The most extensive site on the web about hibiscus, we sell exotic hibiscus plants for indoor and outdoor growing
Exotic tropical hibiscus sales, hibiscus care, and hibiscus cultivation. The most extensive site on the web about hibiscus, we sell exotic hibiscus plants for indoor and outdoor growing
Cowpea mottle virus ATCC ® PVAS-518™ Designation: Mokwa [Cowpea Mottle Carmovirus Antiserum] Application: Test animal used: rabbit Plant research
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I would like to make my kitties one of those sacks that crinkle but dont know what the crinkle material is made out of. If anyone knows what it is made of out...
27 févr. 2013 - Explorez le tableau « Hibiscus Flowers » de FleurHibiscus, auquel 328 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. Voir plus didées sur le thème hibiscus, fleurs, fleurs hibiscus.
REDUCES HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. High blood pressure is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and should be treated on time. Luckily, hibiscus can reduce the blood pressure and the risk of serious cardiovascular diseases. According to studies, hibiscus tea can prevent the development of high blood pressure and reduce up to 35% of the bad (LDL) cholesterol in your blood. The studies have shown that it can reduce the level of triglycerides by 19% with regular consumption in less than a year.. RELIEVES ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION. Hibiscus tea has a soothing effect on the nervous system and can significantly reduce the symptoms of anxiety and depression.. PROMOTES WEIGHT LOSS. One of the main benefits of hibiscus is its ability to boost the metabolism promote weight loss. It is a powerful diuretic which can prevent fluid retention in the body and eliminate toxins from the blood. AN EXCELLENT DIABETES REMEDY. Studies have shown that hibiscus tea can also regulate the blood sugar levels and ...
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There is growing appreciation that small, non-coding RNAs can participate in gene regulation. Can small RNAs inhibit DNA-binding proteins? We have developed an artificial example by performing in vitro genetic selection experiments identifying a small RNA aptamer that competitively inhibits human transcription factor NF-kappaB binding to DNA in vitro. Optimization by yeast in vivo genetic selections resulted in an RNA that inhibits NF-kappaB in living yeast cells. We have solved the X-ray co-crystal structure of this unusual RNA/NF-I ...
LeuO is a dual transcriptional regulator that regulates genes involved in leucine biosynthesis [1, 15], genes involved in the utilization of certain β-glucosides [5, 7] and genes encoding LuxR-type transcription factors [14] It is also involved in the bacterial stringent response [16]. LeuO is one of the transcription factors that counteracts H-NS-mediated repression of specific loci [1, 5, 7, 17, 18] Overproduction of LeuO causes the phenotype Bgl+, since LeuO can unsilence the bglGFB operon, which is silenced (phenotypically Bgl ) under laboratory conditions [7] LeuO is part of the RpoS/H-NS/Hfq/LeuO/DsrA RNA regulatory cascade that controls the bglGFH operon [5]and translation of rpoS, particularly at low temperatures [19, 20]. LeuO belongs to the LysR transcriptional regulator family and contains a helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain [4, 7] No LeuO consensus binding sequence is known [14]. LeuO activates transcription of the divergent leuLABCD operon [2]. An in vivo genetic selection ...
The NS3 is one of my favorite IEMS in this price range. Its profile is more balanced and warm than that of the Hibiscus. The lower zone of the NS3 has more weight and accent within the overall sound. While Hibiscus sounds blatantly more «bass-light». The differences in this area are quite large. The size of the lower zone is not comparable in depth, punch, presence or perception. Even if one does the exercise of equalizing volumes, taking the lower zone as a reference, the differences still appear. The basses of the NS3 sound more complete and complex, with greater depth, sub-bass and width. Its power and punch is more forceful, dark and big. The Hibiscus have simpler low frequencies and are quite linear, although the sub-bass has less weight in its entirety, preventing the generation of the depth and width that the NS3 have. The only thing that could improve the Hibiscus in the lower zone is speed, because they sound simpler and more concrete.. In the midrange, the first thing you notice is ...
FIT Model is 5’10” wearing size 1. Size 1 measures 20 from waist to hem. 5 inseam. MATERIALS + CARE Crinkle gauze woven fabric. 100% rayon. Machine wash cold. Dry low. Imported. DETAILS Tie waistband. Front and back pockets. Lined.
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If its a jeans and a nice top kind of day then weve just found the perfect nice top for you! With shimmering, crinkle material and cute one shoulder ruffle, this beauty is the perfect partner to your jeans or tailored pants. Just add killer heels and go, go, go!
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When bitter situations arise, we have the opportunity to respond with faith knowing that God is with us- and making these delicious lemon crinkle cookies!
1990s does 1970s crinkle skirt.*Viscose fabric*Elasticated waist*The skirt is unlined.*Good condition. No tears, holes or rips or stains.PLEASE NOTE: the belt is not included.ERA: 1990sLABEL: NoneSIZE: M (please check measurements) Shown on a size XS-S and pinned in to fit. FABRIC: viscoseMeasureme
Dimensions: W 22.6 × D 15.1 × H 3 cmWeight: 420 gMaterial: sheet steel, thickness: 1 mm, powder-coatedDesign: Gerdesmeyer & Krohn - Rack CRINKLE at Manufactum
Needed some color in our backyard garden and added a nice Hibiscus plant. See the pictures of our Hibiscus plant and watch as we learn to grow one.
Hibiscus tea has such a complex flavor that first time tasters will be surprised to discover that it is only dried hibiscus and sugar steeped in water. Bearing
The yellowing is fairly typical of a hibiscus when it is moved indoors abruptly. It may lose more leaves, but dont despair. Keep it in a bright location and barely moist and be patient. It should come back in a few weeks. Ideally, to bring in a tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus sinensis) growing as a potted plant, you first need to check it all over for pests and then gradually begin acclimating it to the lower light levels it will have indoors. Move it gradually to a shadier location. It should be ready to come in for the winter before temperatures drop below about 50F. Then move it indoors to the sunniest spot you have. Keep it out of drafts and keep the humidity around it high if possible. Expect some yellowing of leaves in protest of the move. Reduce watering and fertilizing as the plants growth slows. In spring, reverse the process to reacclimate it to the outdoors. Good luck with your plant ...
For perfectly punched hibiscus. Create lovely hibiscus shapes...no scissors required! This easy-to-use punch from Marvy Uchida punches 2-wide hibiscus flowers with lovely embossed detailing. Just slip your choice of paper or vellum into the slot on the side of the punch, then press down on the lever to punch the shape. (Weve found it works best on lightweight paper.) Its that simple! Tip: If you ever start to notice your punch becoming dull, just punch a few shapes out of aluminum foil to sharpen.. ...
Skilled Tuscan artisans reimagine the beauty and delicate nature of the hibiscus flower in our mouthblown Hibiscus Glass. Curving, romantic, and fresh, the collection exudes easy elegance. The Hibiscus Glass Red Medium Vase is a striking and vibrant showpiece to enjoy in your home. 9D, 10H
The hibiscus (Hibiscus spp.) is grown for its large, vibrant blooms, which provide a tropical atmosphere to your garden. The large genus consists of over 200 species that -- depending on the specific variety -- grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 11. Hibiscus can unfortunately come under ...
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In the pictures below, you will see 2 kinds of Hibiscus; the summer hibiscus, which can be planted with mulch farther north of zone 8, and the regular tropical hibiscus which can be grown as far north as the ground doesnt freeze.
Hibiscus are flowering plants that are revered for their ability to bloom nearly all year long. They can be grown as small trees or large shrubs, and they make for an attractive specimen plant or addition to a flower garden. The trumpet-shaped flowers of hibiscus come in a wide assortment of colours and sizes.
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Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) is a member of the genus Carmovirus in the family Tombusviridae. In order to study its coat protein (CP) functions on virus replication and movement in kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), two HCRSV mutants, designated as p2590 (A to G) in which the first start codon ATG was replaced with GTG and p2776 (C to G) in which proline 63 was replaced with alanine, were constructed. In vitro transcripts of p2590 (A to G) were able to replicate to a similar level as wild type without CP expression in kenaf protoplasts. However, its cell-to-cell movement was not detected in the inoculated kenaf cotyledons. Structurally the proline 63 in subunit C acts as a kink for β-annulus formation during virion assembly. Progeny of transcripts derived from p2776 (C to G) was able to move from cell-to-cell in inoculated cotyledons but its long-distance movement was not detected. Virions were not observed in partially purified mutant virus samples isolated from 2776 (C to G) ...
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A novel T-shaped BiVO{sub 4} microcrystal photocatalyst was successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method with the aid of a structure-directing surfactant SDBS in the present study. Having received well characterization with the aid of various techniques and the results showed that the SDBS greatly changed the microstructure of BiVO{sub 4}, which had a unique T shape and belonged to the monoclinic family. The fast exchange dynamics between the surfactants bound to the Bi{sup 3+} seed surface and the free VO{sub 3}{sup −} in the solution significantly increase the rate of heterogeneous nucleation. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the prepared T-shaped BiVO{sub 4} was evaluated by the degradation of Methylene Blue solution under visible light irradiation, 17% and 47% higher decolorization rates than the commercial P25 and BiVO{sub 4} synthesized without SDBS, respectively. Meanwhile, it has been found that the degradation kinetics of MB fitted the pseudo-first-order kinetics and ...
We study plant viruses with a particular emphasis on understanding the molecular basis of virus-host interactions. We have been exploring mechanisms of host plant resistance in Arabidopsis to turnip crinkle virus (TCV) infection. The ability to manipulate both the viral pathogen and the host plant using molecular genetic and genomic tools makes our model system particularly suitable for examining molecular basis of plant innate immunity and the role of the silencing pathway in defense against viral infection. Research applications include the development of novel strategies for genetically engineering resistance against viral pathogens, and in the area of plant biotechnology, using RNA viruses as transient vectors for vaccine development against animal viruses.. ...
Hibiscus Tattoos Meaning : Charming Hibiscus Flower Tattoos. Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower Tattoos,Hibiscus Tattoo Designs,Meaning Of A Hibiscus Flower,Hibiscus Tattoos,Hawaiian Flower Tattoos,Hawaiian Flower Tattoo,Meaning Of The Hibiscus Flower,Hibiscus Tattoo Meaning,Hibiscus Tattoos Meaning.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Rotational spectrum and structure of the T-shaped cyanoacetylene carbon dioxide complex, HCCCN⋯CO2. AU - Kang, Lu. AU - Davis, Philip. AU - Dorell, Ian. AU - Li, Kexin. AU - Oncer, Onur. AU - Wang, Lucy. AU - Novick, Stewart E.. AU - Kukolich, Stephen G.. N1 - Funding Information: P. D. and I. D. wish to thank the Department of Physics of Kennesaw State University for the undergraduate traveling fund. S. E. N. acknowledges the support from NSF under the Grant No. CHE-1565276 . This material is based upon work partially supported by NSF under the Grant No. CHE-1057796 to the University of Arizona (S. K.). Funding Information: P. D. and I. D. wish to thank the Department of Physics of Kennesaw State University for the undergraduate traveling fund. S. E. N. acknowledges the support from NSF under the Grant No. CHE-1565276. This material is based upon work partially supported by NSF under the Grant No. CHE-1057796 to the University of Arizona (S. K.). Publisher Copyright: © 2017 ...
Hibiscus require generous amounts of water in the growing season. In warm weather, many hibiscus enthusiasts advise daily watering, but this is a general rule of thumb. Observe your hibiscus closely for signs of under- or over-watering. During the winter, hibiscus require less water. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings, then water lavishly, irrigating until water runs out the holes in the bottom of the container. To avoid root rot -- to which hibiscus are susceptible -- empty excess water from the saucer after half an hour. Avoid using cold water; tepid water -- between 95 and 102 degrees -- is more in keeping with the plants tropical heritage. Hibiscus prefer water that is slightly acid; a pH of between 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal. If your water is very alkaline, Bachmans Floral Gifts and Garden advises adding 1 tbsp. of vinegar to each gallon. Hibiscus plants require not only ample water but adequate humidity as well. Using a spray mister with tepid water several times a week can ...
Looking for T circulator? Find out information about T circulator. A circulator in which three identical rectangular waveguides are joined asymmetrically to form a T-shaped structure, with a ferrite post or wedge at its... Explanation of T circulator
You\ll love the feel of crinkle chiffon on this flowy floor-length bridesmaid dress with a one-shoulder neckline and an elegant skirt slit. Crinkle chiffon dress features a one shoulder asymmetric
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Del Monte Pickled Beets, Crinkle Cut. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Del Monte Pickled Beets, Crinkle Cut. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
Get your pooch to monkey around with Spencer the Crinkle Monkey! With crinkle material in his limbs, Spencer loves making crinkling sounds for your dog. He also stores a Blaster Squeaker and rattle inside his body to give your fun-loving, curious canine all the entertainment he or she wants in one toy. Spencer comes in
Through repeated trials and commercial ventures in the U.S., kenaf has proven to be as good as or better than trees for papermaking. When processed whole, kenaf stalks make excellent pulp for newsprint. When stripped from the stalks core, kenafs long, woody bark fibers-called bast-compare favorably with virgin fiber from pine trees (the most common pulp source in the U.S.) and other softwoods. The bast provides an ideal furnish for making strong, high-quality printing and writing papers. The plants shorter core material, by contrast, performs much like hardwood fiber. It produces lower grades of paper with less tear strength, though it can still effectively comprise more than a third of top-grade kenaf paper. Today more and more farmers and paper manufacturers are looking to kenaf as a way of diversifying their fiber base. For farmers wanting to get into alternative markets promising a good return, the plant is a boon. It grows rapidly, reaching 12-18 feet in just five months. Southern ...
Hibiscus cannabinus (Kenaf) is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant (rarely a short-lived perennial) with a woody base. It grows up to 11…. ...
100% Hibiscus - True Luzianne Flavor. Hibiscus, grown throughout the worlds tropical regions, is distinguished by its vibrant hues and delicate floral notes. Luzianne Hibiscus Iced Tea is specially blended from the petals of deep magenta hibiscus flowers for a delicious and refreshing herbal iced tea. Since 1902, our family-owned company has been specially blending iced tea. And, with more than 100 years of heritage and iced tea experience in every bag, its clear that Luzianne is the right tea for iced tea. One box brews 5.5 gallons. ...
START THE HIBISCUS BUTTERCREAM:Transfer the remaining 12⁄3 cups (395 ml) hibiscus tea to a 2-quart (2 liter) saucepan. Add the sugar and whisk to combine and dissolve. Sift the flour and salt into the saucepan, set the pan over medium heat, and cook, whisking occasionally, until the mixture starts to bubble. Reduce the heat to medium-low and cook for an additional 2 minutes. Transfer the hibiscus pudding to a large plate and press plastic wrap directly on the surface to prevent a skin from forming. Refrigerate to help it cool completely.. Once youre ready to assemble the cake, take the hibiscus pudding out of the refrigerator and let it sit for 30 minutes, to bring to room temperature. In a stand mixer fitted with the whisk attachment, beat the butter on medium speed until it becomes lighter in color and texture, about 1 minute. With the mixer on medium speed, add the hibiscus-pudding mixture 1 tablespoon at a time, until half the mixture has been added. Scrape down the sides of the bowl and ...
Below we have provided you with a step by step guide detailing each step involved in the process of making mashed turnips. Its a straightforward recipe that is easy to follow. First, you will need to ensure that you have all of your ingredients to hand. Next, take the turnips that you are going to be using and give them a rinse before peeling them.. Slice your turnips into large chunks of even sizes. Cutting them into even sized chunks will ensure that they all cook through evenly. You will also need to make sure that you have a cooking pot readily available.. Add the turnips to the pot and pour over some cold water, and a sprinkling of salt before introducing them to the boil.. Turnips do not take a long time to cook, in fact, they will be ready within 10 to 15 minutes. To check if they are done, pierce them with a fork. If they feel tender, they are ready to be removed from the heat. Now you will need to drain the turnips thoroughly to remove the water. To prevent your turnips from developing ...
Having a sterically exposed half-filled orbital, bonding with the substrate occurs together with an inner-sphere single electron transfer from a single nickel center resulting in reduction of unsaturated molecules (C2H4 and CO2) and homolytic cleavage of various σ-bonds including those in the following molecules: H-H, H2N-NH2 and H3C-CN.. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 9502-9506.. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201704487. ...
Our oldest sons birthday is coming up next week. He will be 25 and lives in New York. It is always hard to decide what to get him. With him being so far away, Im not around him on a daily basis to know what he might need. And he is the kind of person who never really thinks he needs anything anyway. It is a quality I truly admire in him, but it makes it hard on Christmas and birthdays to know what to get him for a present. One thing I know he does appreciate, though, are baked goods. Molasses Crinkles are one of his favorite cookies, so I made some today to send to him.. Of course, I had to try one, just to make sure they were okay to send!:) I had forgotten how good these cookies are. The flavor is like that of a gingersnap, only I think of those as crunchy and these are very, very soft. They just melt in your mouth. It was kind of cloudy and cool today (a real treat for us Arizonans), and with the aroma from these cookies in the oven, it really felt like fall. Just for fun, on the top of ...
MEHAK Afrozeh Nauratan Luxury CollectionFront: (1 meter) crinkle chiffon embroideredBack: (1 meter) crinkle chiffon embroidered1: Front/Back border: (2 meter) embroidered organza2: Front/Back border: (2 meter) embroidered organzaSleeves: (0.75 yard) crinkle chiffon embroideredSleeves border: (1 meter) embroidered organzaDupatta: (2.5 yard) embroidered crinkle chiffonDupatta border: (2.5 yard) embr
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One Year: Toasted Marshmallow Crispy Treats Two Years: Pepper Jack Orrechiette Mac and Cheese Three Years: Jumbo Banana Muffins with Coconut, Pecans, and Chocolate Chips Brown Butter, Cinnamon, and Smoked Almond Crinkle Cookies Adapted from Cookies and Cups Makes about 2 dozen cookies Note: This recipe calls for smoked almonds, but beware seasoned smoked almonds,…
Heart-Tee Hibiscus is 100% pure dried hibiscus tea. A strong full bodied tea with intense berry flavor. A high source of antioxidants.
The genus Hibiscus contains more than 200 species. These include the common Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), a popular flowering shrub that is adaptable as a houseplant or as part of an ...
Treating pests on Hibiscus trees with Neem is generally safe, some plants may be oversensitive. We look at how to use Neem oil on Hibiscus. Click on this article for tips on using neem sprays and drenches on Hibiscus plants. ...
Save 25% Piping Rock - Hibiscus Tea 20 Bags Hibiscus Tea 20 Tea Bags No Caffeine Refreshing Herbal Beverage Tart-Cranberry Like Flavor Tea is a traditional beverage enjoyed for ages, spanning cultures as well as time. Hibiscus tea boasts a smooth, tart, cranberry-like flavor that many enjoy on its own or with a hint of added sweetness. It is rich with botanicals such as citric acid and malic acid, and features beneficial flavonoids that give this tea its deep red color. This Piping Rock product has been created with the assurance of offering you the highest quality nutritional supplement. We at Piping Rock know this because we created the product. WE GUARANTEE IT!
Hibiscus Tea Bags 100 Count. Hibiscus Tea is a delicious nutritional retreat for your body and taste buds. Bursting with antioxidants, Hibiscus Tea supports immune, heart and digestive health and a more relaxed emotional state. Buy Now.
Wild turnip poisoning - Is turnip healthy? The greens are! The humble turnip is a root vegetable and its not very high in nutrients. But turnip greens, the part most people toss out, well, thats a whole nuther story. They are a good source of vitamin a vitamin c vitamin k calcium, folate (folic acid) and lutein.
The best selection of Royalty Free Flower & Hibiscus Vector Art, Graphics and Stock Illustrations. Download 5,000+ Royalty Free Flower & Hibiscus Vector Images.
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This white cotton tshirt is hand painted with three gorgeous hibiscus flowers. The hibiscus flowers are hand painted with fabric paints across the fro
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Pistils of a Hibiscus flower. Extreme macro. Shot in Zhuhais Shihuashan Park. Recommended: |a href=http://bighugelabs.com/flickr/onblack.php?id=3122485336 rel=nofollow|View On Black|/a| Explore #257 on Monday, December 22, 2008 |a href=http://loc.alize.us/#/flickr:3122485336 rel=nofollow|See where this picture was taken.|/a| |a href=http://www.flickr.com/groups/geotagging/discuss/72157594165549916/|[?]|/a| |b||u||a href=http://flickr.com/people/cnmark/|© All Rights Reserved|/a||/u| - you may not use this image in any form without my prior permission.|/b|
Focus on Key InnOrbit Ingredient Hibiscus Hibiscus is plant with a brightly coloured flower and reviewed several times on this website. It is the flower which can be mixed with other herbs and spices or used by itself to make an infusion and drunk hot or cold. In the Carribean and South America it is…
Hibiscus Syriacus Showtime has semi-double flowers which are light purple-pink with red centers. Colorful variegated foliage with light green, yellow, and darker green variations. (Hibiscus syriacus)
You can dry and steep the red, fleshy part of a hibiscus flower where the petals meet the stem to make hibiscus tea, which some people call sour tea...
The 20-inch hibiscus artificial plant comes in a set of four that will create a bold display in any room. Its hard to miss the deeply saturated hues of the hibiscus blooms, especially against the backdrop of lush green leaves. With such a dynamic color contrast, its the perfect centerpiece for your living room or din
Explore Hibiscus Pl, Bomaderry (NSW). Learn about Hibiscus Pl, Bomaderry and find out whats happening in the local property market.
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Product Details Non-pierced earrings. Handmade Screw back clip earrings. Layers of hibiscus in black white and pink adorn these lovely heart earrings. Show off your style sense with these hibiscus earrings. Specifications Approximately 1 Inch Length, Silver Plated Clip On Earrings, Handmade in the USA
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Tropical Hibiscus is one of over 3,000 colors you can find, coordinate, and preview on www.behr.com. Start your project with Tropical Hibiscus now.
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Channel your inner oasis with our Red Island Hibiscus Canvas! A bold print of hibiscus blooms, this canvas is designed with round edges to add interest to any room!
Other viruses that they spread include the genera Ilarvirus, (Alpha,Beta,Gamma)carmovirus, Sobemovirus and Machlomovirus. Their ...
... (MNSV) is a virus that belongs to the genus Gammacarmovirus (splitted from formerly Carmovirus) of ...
At the 1987 ICTV meeting, that proposed the genus Carmovirus, Narcissus tip necrosis virus was listed as a 'tentative' member ... USA ICTV Taxonomy History for Carmovirus ICTV Taxonomy Release History ICTVdB Index of Viruses 2002. Tombusviridae Eighth ...
... carmovirus MeSH B04.715.810.870 - tombusvirus MeSH B04.715.850.860 - tymovirus MeSH B04.820.057.070 - arenavirus MeSH B04.820. ... carmovirus MeSH B04.820.860.870 - tombusvirus MeSH B04.820.880.400 - giardiavirus MeSH B04.820.880.500 - leishmaniavirus MeSH ...
... was a genus of viruses. The genus was split in 2015 into three genera, each retaining -carmovirus as part of their ... The following species were assigned to Carmovirus and are, as of 2020, placed within Procedovirinae but not assigned to a genus ... "Divide the genus Carmovirus into three new genera: Alphacarmovirus, Betacarmovirus, and Gammacarmovirus" (PDF). International ...
Carmovirus was a genus of viruses. The genus was split in 2015 into three genera, each retaining -carmovirus as part of their ... The following species were assigned to Carmovirus and are, as of 2020, placed within Procedovirinae but not assigned to a genus ... "Divide the genus Carmovirus into three new genera: Alphacarmovirus, Betacarmovirus, and Gammacarmovirus" (PDF). International ...
Heterologous RNA replication enhancer stimulates in vitro RNA synthesis and template-switching by the carmovirus, but not by ... carmovirus (Turnip crinkle virus, TCV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) RdRps in vitro. The CNV RdRp selectively utilized its ...
Melon necrotic spot virus (MNSV) is a virus that belongs to the genus Gammacarmovirus (splitted from formerly Carmovirus) of ...
The results showed that both hibiscus species were either singly or doubly infected by Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot carmovirus ( ...
The nucleotide sequence and genome organization of Japanese iris necrotic ring virus, a new species in the genus Carmovirus ...
Melon Necrotic Spot Carmovirus LOEWE®FAST Kit * Cucumber Mosaic Cucumovirus LOEWE®FAST Kit ...
Thrips transmit plant viruses in the Tospovirus, Ilarvirus, Carmovirus, Sobemovirus and Machlomovirus genera. Tospoviruses are ...
Truniger V, Nieto C, González-Ibeas D, Aranda M: Mechanism of plant eIF4E-mediated resistance against a Carmovirus ( ...
Carmovirus Evolution, Molecular Helper Viruses Models, Molecular Nucleic Acid Conformation Plants Ribosomes RNA, Satellite RNA ...
Assay type: DAS ELISA using polyclonal antiserum from rabbit Transmission:contact, fungus (Olpidium radicale), mechanical inoculation, seed
Carmovirus. 7. Carnation mottle virus. Carmovirus. 136. Carnation necrotic fleck virus. Closterovirus. ...
MNSV (genus Carmovirus, family Tombusviridae) is endemic in cucurbit crops worldwide, often causing significant economic losses ... Truniger V, Nieto C, Gonzalez-Ibeas D, Aranda M. Mechanism of plant eIF4E-mediated resistance against a Carmovirus ( ...
Leaf samples of Lablab purpureus collected from two agroecological zones of Nigeria-the northern guinea savanna zone (NGSZ) and the derived savanna zone (DSZ)-were infected with viruses when serologically indexed against available antisera. Approximately 31.1 and 81.1% of the leaf samples collected from the NGSZ and DSZ, respectively, were infected. Seven viruses were found: Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Cowpea mottle virus (CPMoV), Cowpea severe mosaic virus (CPSMV), Southern bean mosaic virus (SBMV) and Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) were detected from samples collected from NGSZ, while CMV, CPMoV, Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and CPSMV were detected from samples from DSZ ...
CHARACTERIZATION OF A CARMOVIRUS FROM ANGELONIA - (Abstract Only) Adkins, S.T., Hammond, J., Maroon-Lango, C., Harness, A., ... BIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL CARMOVIRUS ISOLATED FROM ANGELONIA - (Peer Reviewed Journal) ... Biological and molecular characterization of a novel carmovirus isolated from angelonia. Phytopathology. 96:460-467. ...
Carmovirus / genetics* Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ...
genus Carmovirus, Carnation mottle virus (CarMV) Carnation necrotic fleck & Carnation streak genus Closterovirus, Carnation ...
Carmovirus B04.715.810.870 Tombusvirus B04.715.820 Tospovirus B04.715.850 Tymoviridae B04.715.850.860 Tymovirus B04.725 ... Carmovirus B04.820.860.870 Tombusvirus B04.820.880 Totiviridae B04.820.880.400 Giardiavirus B04.820.880.500 Leishmaniavirus ...
Carmovirus Preferred Term Term UI T057188. Date01/01/1999. LexicalTag ABX. ThesaurusID NLM (1997). ... Carmovirus Preferred Concept UI. M0028586. Registry Number. txid11985. Related Numbers. txid11986. txid11988. Scope Note. A ... Carmovirus. Tree Number(s). B04.715.810.150. B04.820.578.968.150. Unique ID. D019184. RDF Unique Identifier. http://id.nlm.nih. ...
XX KW . XX OS Carnation mottle virus OC Viruses; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; Tombusviridae; OC Carmovirus. XX ...
Carmovirus Preferred Term Term UI T057188. Date01/01/1999. LexicalTag ABX. ThesaurusID NLM (1997). ... Carmovirus Preferred Concept UI. M0028586. Registry Number. txid11985. Related Numbers. txid11986. txid11988. Scope Note. A ... Carmovirus. Tree Number(s). B04.715.810.150. B04.820.578.968.150. Unique ID. D019184. RDF Unique Identifier. http://id.nlm.nih. ...
Angelonia. A novel carmovirus causing flower break in angelonia was purified and partially characterized, in collaboration with ... Biological and molecular characterization of a novel carmovirus isolated from Angelonia. Phytopathology 96:460-467. ...
void:inDataset: http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/void.ttl#Agrovoc. Created: 2019-01-11T11:03:32.021+01:00. skos:notation: e0ebd1cd ...
Carmovirus. Caulimovirus. Closterovirus. Commelina Yellow Mottle Virus Group. Comovirus. Cryptovirus. Cucumovirus. Dianthovirus ...
... something viomycin oxoimidazo biofilms propionispora nominine echinocandin carbamoylcholine aptitude dimethoxymethyl carmovirus ...
There are at least eight genera: Aureusvirus, Avenavirus, CARMOVIRUS, Dianthovirus, Machlomovirus, Necrovirus, Panicovirus, and ...
There are at least eight genera: Aureusvirus, Avenavirus, CARMOVIRUS, Dianthovirus, Machlomovirus, Necrovirus, Panicovirus, and ...
Acad amino acids antibodies aphid Begomovirus Biology brome mosaic virus capsid capsid protein Carmovirus cellular coat protein ...
Recombination by RdRp strand switching also occurs in the (+)ssRNA plant carmoviruses and tombusviruses.. Recombination appears ...
Carmovirus Carmustine Carney Complex Carnitine Carnitine Acyltransferases Carnitine O-Acetyltransferase Carnitine O- ...
Caricaceae Caricatures Caricatures as Topic Cariogenic Agents Cariostatic Agents Carisoprodol Carlavirus Carmine Carmovirus ...
  • Carmovirus was a genus of viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus was split in 2015 into three genera, each retaining -carmovirus as part of their name: Alphacarmovirus Betacarmovirus Gammacarmovirus These genera are in the same family, Tombusviridae, as the original genus and are more specifically in the subfamily Procedovirinae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following species were assigned to Carmovirus and are, as of 2020, placed within Procedovirinae but not assigned to a genus: Ahlum waterborne virus Bean mild mosaic virus Cucumber soil-borne virus Weddel waterborne virus Scheets K, White KA, Rubino L, Martelli G, Rochon D (3 June 2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • Divide the genus Carmovirus into three new genera: Alphacarmovirus, Betacarmovirus, and Gammacarmovirus" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Melon necrotic spot virus (MNSV) is a virus that belongs to the genus Gammacarmovirus (splitted from formerly Carmovirus) of the family Tombusviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results showed that both hibiscus species were either singly or doubly infected by Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot carmovirus (HCRSV) and Hibiscus tobamovirus (HV). (usda.gov)
  • MNSV (genus Carmovirus , family Tombusviridae ) is endemic in cucurbit crops worldwide, often causing significant economic losses due to epidemic outbreaks. (biomedcentral.com)